Game components
China, 2000 years ago: Loyang (Luòyáng / 洛阳) has risen to become the Capital of the Han Dynasty and one of the four great Capitals of
old China. The economic upturn of the now-flourishing city requires a better supply of basic foodstuffs. These are provided by the local farmers,
who plant wheat, pumpkins, turnips, cabbages, beans and leeks in their fields.
After each harvest, the farmers assemble at the gates of Loyang to sell and trade their vegetables. They deliver to their regular customers or
lucratively sell their vegetables to passing shoppers. Vegetables can also be traded at Market stalls or used for seed and planted in fields.
If the farmers need vegetables that they don’t have in stock, they can buy them in the Shop. Twenty different helpers, each with different
individual skills, are available to assist them.
The most successful farmer will be the one who moves furthest along the Path of Prosperity within the given timeframe.
Each step costs more and more money, which is also needed for investments. Farmers have to find the right balance.
The coins have square holes, so that they can be held on strings. They have the Chinese name “Cash”,
which is the derivative of the modern term. (see footnote).
Game components
1 Rule booklet
On counter sheets:
4 T-shaped game boards (with Path of Prosperity and Shop)
12 Satisfaction markers (blue/red)
24 1-Cash coins (small)
14 5-Cash coins (large)
237 wooden tokens:
48 Wheat (yellow)
46 Pumpkins (orange)
44 Turnips (red)
36 Cabbages (white)
32 Beans (light green)
25 Leeks (dark green)
4 Scoring markers (to show progress on the Path of Prosperity)
2 Starting player tokens (1 larger, 1 smaller)
120 Cards:
4 “Storehouse / Cart” cards
4 “Turn Summary” cards 6 “Loan” cards (Reverse: Income modifiers for Casual customers, see “Tips” on page 8)
36 Private fields (green backs):
4 Home field cards
(9 spaces)
8 fields with 3 spaces each
8 fields with 4 spaces each
8 fields with 5 spaces each
8 fields with 6 spaces each
70 action cards (brown backs):
6 common fields (2 each with 3/4/5 spaces)
14 Market stalls (orange)
14 Regular customers (blue)
14 Casual customers (red)
22 Helpers (beige)
Trade in 1 vegetable
player’s Market sta another
f you do this in Rounl
you must pay that
player 1
n Round 9 2
The expression “Cash” is derived from the Sanskrit “karsha” (small coin with a particular weight) and the Tamil word “kasu” (small piece of money).
Cash coins were used for almost 3,000 years, and were only replaced by the Yuan at the end of the 19th century.
Introductory version for your first game
For the first game, we offer an “Introductory version”. This incorporates two small changes, which are included in the rules in red boxes.
These changes make it easier to start playing the game, but otherwise have no real influence on its play.
Special rules for different numbers of players:
These game rules apply to any number of players, with the following exceptions:
With 2 players, there is a difference in the play of the Card phase (see page 4).
With 4 players, two players will take their actions simultaneously (see page 4).
Additional rules for the Solo game are in a separate section on page 9.
Tips in blue boxes are not necessary when you first read the rules. They cover special cases and answers to rules questions.
Game Setup
Separate the money, the vegetables, the Satisfaction markers and the Loan cards and
place them on the table as the Supply.
There should be an adequate supply of all components.
Should there, unexpectedly, not be enough, players should improvise additional tokens.
Special rules for the Introductory version:
Shuffle the 4 Regular customers that are marked with a blue dot in the space for the Satisfaction marker. Deal one,
face-down, to each player. Players look at the cards and can hold them in their hand until they decide to play them
during a Card phase. In a 2- or 3-player game, any remaining Regular customers are returned to the Action card deck.
Shuffle the Action cards and place them in a face-down pile. 4+4 Private fields
Home field
Each player receives the following items, which are laid
out as shown in the illustration:
1 T-shaped game board
10 Cash
1 Home field
1 Scoring token (place it at
the bottom of the Path of Prosperity)
1 “Storehouse / Cart” card
(with the side shown facing up)
1 “Turn Summary” card
Vegetables to stock the Shop:
3 wheat, 2 pumpkins, 2 turnips,
Turn Summary card
2 cabbages, 1 bean and 1 leek.
(The two pale-coloured spaces in the Shop remain empty.
As a general rule: dark price tags show the cost that must be
paid to buy the vegetable; pale price tags show the price a
player can receive for selling it to the Shop.)
8 Private fields (with green backs):
2 sets, each of 4 cards with 3, 4, 5 and 6 spaces.
Shuffle each set of 4 cards then place one set on
top of the other, face-down and to the left of the
Home field. This forms the Field pile.
Storehouse / Cart
Sow v getables as seed
Buy egeta les f om the Shop
Sell vegeta les to the Shop
Use Market stalls
Use r disca d Helpe s
Del ver to Regular cus ome s
( f requ red turn the Sat sfa tion
ma ker or take a 2 pen lty)
Serve Casual customers
( > 2 / < +2 )
Buy 1 Two pack
At he nd Store egetables
and mo e Sc ri g marker
Ha vest phase
Ha vest 1 veget ble f om ea h fi ld
and place t in your c rt
Turn over 1 Pr vate fie d
Ca d hase
A ter the D str but on ound play 2 ards
Fi l new Ma ket sta ls w th vegeta les
To finance fie ds v getables
can be sold n he Sh p
and H lpe s an be u ed
At the e d Redis ribute the Start ng
play r tokens
Take a loan of 5
Choose a Starting player, who takes the larger Starting player token.
(The smaller Starting player token is not used at the start of the game.)
Path of Prosperity
Scoring marker
Beginning with the Starting player and continuing in clockwise order,
each player buys 1 vegetable from his own shop and plants it in his Home field.
(Price: see the dark price tags between the vegetables in the Shop).
“To plant” means to place the vegetable on a Field card. All other spaces on that
field are then filled with the same vegetable. The additional tokens are taken from the Supply.
There are two restrictions here:
Only the vegetables that are shown on the Home field card can be
bought and planted (that is, only wheat, pumpkins or turnips)
No more than 2 players may plant the same type of vegetable
at the start of the game.
In the example, Ralph has chosen Wheat
as his starting vegetable. He has 7 Cash
Playing the game
The game is played over 9 Rounds. Each Round consists of 3 Phases:
1. Harvest phase (players receive one new field and harvest vegetables from their fields)
2. Card phase (players each play 2 Action cards, then a new Starting player is chosen)
3. Action phase (players buy and sell vegetables, then progress on the Path of Prosperity).
During the Card phase, players receive new cards. They use these in the Action phase
to convert the harvested vegetables to money.
Players can take out loans at any time during the game.
At any time during the game, players can see how many rounds are left by counting the
remaining vegetables on their Home field.
In this example, there
are still 5 full rounds to
be played.
Phase 1: Harvest phase
All players carry out the Harvest phase simultaneously.
Each player turns over the top field from his Field pile and places it to the right
of his other fields. In the last round, there is no new field to uncover.
Each player harvests exactly 1 vegetable from each of his fields. He places the harvested
vegetable(s) and any vegetables that were left in his Storehouse from previous turns on (or beside)
his Cart. (Unlike the Storehouse, there is no limit on how many vegetables a Cart can hold.)
Once the last vegetable has been removed from a Private field, it is removed from the
game. In contrast, fully harvested Common fields from the Action card deck are placed on the Action
card discard pile (“The Discard pile”). (Common fields from the Action card deck can be recognised by
the Cost symbol at the top left). Fields that have not yet been sown are not discarded.
Phase 2: Card phase
At the start of the Card phase (and only then), create a new Draw pile by shuffling
the Discard pile into the remaining Draw pile.
Deal each player a hand of 4 Action cards.
Next comes the Distribution round. Each player will play 2 Action cards face-up
into his own playing area.
Note: A card, once played, cannot be discarded until it has been used.
Helper cards ONLY can be discarded at any time.
If this is the first time you are reading these rules, you can skip the section on the Distribution round.
Exactly how players acquire their 2 Action cards is not important for understanding the flow of the game.
Distribution round
During the Distribution round, each player plays exactly 1 card from his hand and
exactly 1 card from the common “Courtyard”:
The player with the larger Starting player token places one card from his hand
face up in the centre of the table, opening the “Courtyard”.
Players then take turns in clockwise order. On his turn, a player must choose one of the
following two options. Passing is never allowed.
The player places 1 card from his hand into the Courtyard; or
The player takes exactly 1 card from the Courtyard and exactly 1 card from his hand.
He plays both cards by placing them face-up in the appropriate part of his own play area.
Any remaining cards from his hand are placed face-up in the Courtyard, and the player
takes no further part in the Distribution round.
Note: The last player left to choose in a given round may no longer place any cards
into the Courtyard, but must immediately choose from the available cards. Special rules for the Introductory version
When playing the two cards, a player may play the Regular customer that was dealt to him at the
start of the game instead of a card from his hand. There is no restriction on the number of
rounds for which a player may hold this Regular customer. (As well as this Regular customer, the
player also chooses a card from the Courtyard. He may not play a card from his hand. Once he
has played, all the remaining cards in his hand are placed in the Courtyard.)
The cards are placed in the appropriate place
in the player’s “played” area. Each type of
card has its own position here: the Market
stalls and Helpers are placed to the left,
the Regular and Casual customers
to the right, and the Fields / at the top.
Special rules for 2 players:
During the Distribution round, at the start of his turn, a player may choose to turn over the top Action card
from the Draw pile and place it in the Courtyard. (This is also allowed when only one player is left and he
must immediately choose from the available cards. This special rule gives players a wider choice of cards. The
rule also allows the Starting player to immediately make a selection, even before his opponent has had a turn.)
Whenever a Regular customer is played, immediately place a Satisfaction marker (with its blue side up)
on the marked area on the right hand side of the card.
Whenever a Market stall is played, immediately fill it with the vegetables shown.
Whenever a player plays a “Field” Action card, he must immediately pay 2 Cash for it. To make the
payment, the player may (even out of turn) sell vegetables to his Shop, use Helpers, or take out a Loan.
(Private fields are free, but there is a charge for Common fields).
Notes and Special Cases:
A player may never choose to play 2 cards from the Courtyard or 2 cards from
his hand; he must always play 1 card from the Courtyard and 1 from his hand.
If the active player has only 1 card remaining in his hand, he must immediately
play it and choose 1 card from the Courtyard. A player’s last card may never
be placed in the Courtyard; it must be played from his hand.
There is no limit to the number of cards that may be placed in any row
of a player’s play area.
At the end of the Distribution round, the remaining cards in the Courtyard form a new face-up
Discard pile. They will be shuffled into the Draw pile at the start of the next Card phase.
End of the card phase
Choose a new starting player
The last player to play two Action cards during the Card phase receives the large Starting player token
and becomes the Starting player. The second last player to play two cards receives the smaller Starting player
token and becomes the Second player.
Phase 3: Action phase
Action phase
Sow vegetables as seed
Buy vegetables from the Shop
Harvest phase
Sell vegetables to the Shop
Harvest 1 vegetable from each field
Use Market stalls
and place it in your cart
Use or discard Helpers
Turn over 1 Private field
Deliver to Regular customers
(if required, turn the Satisfaction
Card phase
marker or take a 2 penalty)
After the Distribution round, play 2 cards
Serve Casual customers
Fill new Market stalls with vegetables
( > : -2 / < : +2 )
To finance fields, vegetables
Buy 1 Two-pack
can be sold in the Shop
At the end: Store vegetables
and Helpers can be used
and move Scoring marker
At the end: Redistribute the Starting
player tokens
At any time: Take a loan of 5
Turn Summary
A player may take actions in any order during his turn.
The Turn Summary card gives an overview of all actions.
A player may take any action, with the exception of Action H, “Buy a Two-pack”,
as many times as he wishes during a round.
A player who takes an action more than once may also take other actions in between.
At the end of their turns, players must store their vegetables and may move their Scoring marker.
The Starting player begins, then the Second player.
In a three-player game, the player with no Starting player token is third to play.
Special rules for the Four-player game
In each round, the Starting player chooses one of the two non-Starting players as his partner for the Action
phase. The other non-Starting player is paired with the Second player. The Starting and Second players take
their Action phase at the same time. Once they have finished, their partners can have their turns.
Note: Whenever a player takes an action that refers explicitly to “the other players”, only the player’s current
partner may be affected. Cards which allow this type of action can be recognised by a Chinese lantern symbol.
2nd 3rd
Con man
Exchange this Helper for a Helper
belonging to another player who has
already completed his Action phase
for this round.
(The Con man goes to that player.)
Solo game:
Swap this Helper for
a Helper from the Offer
The individual actions
A - Sow Vegetables as Seed
The player takes 1 vegetable from his Cart and places it on an empty field.
The remaining spaces on the field are filled with vegetables of the same type, which are taken from the Supply.
The top border of each field shows which vegetables can be planted on it. The more spaces on a field, the fewer
types of vegetable can be planted.
A Bean field is sown. 4 beans are placed
on the Bean field, which will be harvested
each round until it is empty.
B - Buy Vegetables in the Shop
The player buys 1 vegetable from his own Shop and places it in his Cart.
A player can only buy vegetables that are available in his Shop.
The purchase price is shown in the Shop, on the darker price tag beside the vegetable.
C - Sell Vegetables to the Shop
The player takes 1 vegetable from his Cart and sells it to his own Shop.
Each place in the Shop is reserved for a specific type of vegetable. A player can only sell vegetables if he has
appropriate free space(s) in his Shop. The selling price is shown in the Shop: use the lighter-coloured price tag.
(Players receive 1 Cash for selling Wheat, Pumpkins, Turnips and Cabbages, and 2 Cash for selling Beans
and Leeks.)
Note: This action can be taken at any time during the game. This includes during the Card phase or
during Action H (Buy a Two-pack), in order to finance purchase of a new Field.
Wheat costs 3 Cash,
Pumpkins cost 4 Cash,
Turnips and Cabbages
cost 5 Cash each. Beans
and Leeks cost 6 Cash
D - Trade Vegetables at a Market stall
The player trades 1 or 2 vegetables of his choice from his Cart for 1 vegetable
from a Market stall.
The number of bowls on the Market stall shows how many vegetables must be traded for the one that is on
offer. These are returned to the Supply. The player then moves the vegetable from the Market stall to his Cart.
If a Market stall is empty after an exchange, it is immediately placed on the Discard pile.
Notes and special cases:
When a player plays or reveals (see Action H) a Market stall, immediately fill it (from the Supply)
with the vegetables shown on the card. Fill the Market stall immediately, even if another player
has caused it to be revealed.
Players may trade in a vegetable for the same type of vegetable (e.g. Wheat for Wheat).
A vegetable which has been acquired from a Market stall may immediately be traded for another.
Once a Market stall has been played, it cannot be discarded until it has been completely emptied.
E - Play or discard a Helper
At this Market stall, a player can
trade any 1 vegetable for 1 Pumpkin
or 1 Cabbage, and any 2 vegetables
for 1 Leek.
A player can use a Helper’s skills or discard the Helper without using it.
Most Helpers are played during the Action phase, but some can also be played in other phases of the
game: the phase is indicated in the text on the cards. (see the Helper Reference sheet on pages 10 and 11).
As soon as a Helper is used, place it on the Discard pile. Helper cards are the only kind of card
that can be discarded at any time without being used.
Notes and Special cases:
There are 20 different Helpers. Each Helper appears on one card,
with the exception of the Trader, who appears on three.
Some Helpers (marked with a purple lantern) refer to “other players”.
These allow players to affect other players’ playing areas.
If a player removes the top card of another player’s Two-pack, the lower card is immediately
moved to the appropriate place. (Neither player can stop the lower card from being revealed.)
Remember: In a 4-player game, all Actions that refer to “another player” only refer
to the active player’s partner for that Action phase.
Some Helper cards offer a choice of two Actions (“or”).
A player can only ever use one of the two options when using that Helper.
There are no Helpers that can affect another player’s Home field, Cart or Storehouse.
Vegetables in these areas are always safe from other players’ actions.
Trade in
If yo
you mu
player vegetable
If yo s Marke at anot
you m u do this t sta l her
ust pa
in Rou
in Rou that play 8
er 1
nd 9
Exchange one of your Casual
customers for a Casual customer
belonging to another player.
(Revealed Cards are placed
in your “played” area.)
Buy a Casual customer from
another player for 2 You must
mmed ately serve this u tomer.
Exchange one of
stomers for a C
F - Deliver to a Regular Customer
A player can deliver vegetables to his Regular customers in any order.
Each Regular customer card contains eight empty spaces; the two vegetables shown will be delivered here for
four rounds. Regular customers want to receive these two vegetables exactly once in each round, starting with
the round in which the card was played. When a player plays a Regular customer, place a Satisfaction marker
with the blue side facing up on the marker space at the top right of the card. If a player cannot or does not wish
to deliver to a Regular customer in a particular Round, he turns the Satisfaction marker to the red side.
If the player does not deliver to a Regular customer when the red side is already facing up, he must pay a
penalty of 2 Cash to the Supply.
Notes and Special cases:
Fill the Regular customer card from the bottom to the top.
The arrows between the prices are a reminder of this.
When a player makes a delivery to a Regular customer,
he receives the payment for the delivery immediately.
Players may not partially fill a row (that is, only supply 1 vegetable).
A Regular customer’s first delivery is due in the Round when it is played.
If a player’s Regular customer is revealed during another player’s action (see Action H),
it only requires delivery in that round if the player has not taken his turn yet.
To raise money to pay the penalty of 2 Cash, a player can sell vegetables from
his Cart to the empty spaces in his Shop, place Helpers or take out a Loan.
Immediately after the fourth (top) line of a Regular customer is filled,
the card must be emptied and discarded.
Once a Regular customer card has been played, it cannot be discarded
until the Regular customer has received 4 Deliveries.
Detailed example: Nina places the Regular customer who pays 5/6/7/8 Cash for Turnips and Cabbages in
front of herself. She places a blue Satisfaction marker on the card. During this Action phase, she must deliver to
the Regular customer: she delivers 1 turnip and 1 cabbage as required and receives 5 Cash. In the next round,
she does not deliver the two vegetables, and she turns the Satisfaction marker to the red side. In the following
round, she delivers again and receives 6 Cash. The Satisfaction marker stays red. (Only the “Saleswoman”
Helper can turn a Satisfaction marker from red to blue again –see page 11.)
After this, Nina misses another delivery and must pay the penalty of 2 Cash. In the next 2 rounds, she delivers
again, receiving first 7 and then 8 Cash. She then discards the Regular customer, including the 8 vegetables
and the Satisfaction marker. Until it is discarded, she must either deliver to the Regular customer or
pay the penalty.
G - Deliver to a Casual Customer
A player can deliver vegetables to his Casual customers in any order.
The player takes the 3 named vegetables from his Cart, returns them to the Supply,
and receives the purchase price:
If he has the same number of Regular and Casual customers, he receives the price shown.
If he has more Casual than Regular customers, the price paid is reduced by 2 Cash.
This is a penalty for players who make it too easy for themselves and avoid responsibilities
to Regular customers.
If he has fewer Casual than Regular customers, he receives a bonus of 2 Cash.
This is a reward for players who manage to serve a Casual customer despite
commitments to Regular customers.
The order in which players serve Regular and Casual customers can influence these Modifiers.
Notes and special cases:
Note! All three vegetables must all be supplied in one Action phase.
They cannot be stored on the Casual customer between turns.
Casual customers are served one after another in any order.
A player may not serve two Casual customers at the same time.
Unlike with Regular customers,
there is no penalty for not serving a Casual customer.
Once a Casual customer card has been played, it cannot be
discarded without first being served.
If this player misses another Delivery,
a 2 Cash penalty must be paid.
For the last Delivery, this player
is paid 7 Cash.
H - Buy a Two-pack
Once during each Action phase, each player may buy a “Two-pack” of Action cards.
A Two-pack consists of two Action cards which are drawn from the Draw pile. Its cost is the greater
of the number of either Helpers or Market stalls that the player has in his “played” area.
Cards which are covered by another Action card do not add to the cost.
After making payment, the player draws 2 Action cards from the pile and places them face up in front of him,
so that all other players can see them. He can choose to keep 0, 1 or 2 of these cards; any that he does not
keep are discarded.
Note! If the player wants to keep both of the cards, he must place them one on top of the other.
The top card is placed so that the top line of the card below is visible. The player chooses which card
will go on top and which will go underneath.
Fields on Action cards always cost 2 Cash. This must be paid immediately, even if the field is placed
beneath the other card of the Two-pack. (This is additional to the cost of the Two-pack.)
Costs: 2 Cash
(the covered
Helper is not
Con man
Trade in 1 vegetable at another
player’s Market stal
If you do this in Round 8
you must pay that player 1
in Round 9 2
Exchange th s Helper for a Helper
belonging to another player who has
already completed his Action phase
for this round
(The Con man goes to that player )
Solo game
Swap this Helper for
a Helper from the Offer
Notes and Special Cases:
A player with neither Market stalls nor Helpers can take a Two-pack for free.
Even if the player chooses to keep neither card from a Two-pack,
he cannot buy another Two-pack in the same Round.
To finance a field that is part of a Two-pack, a player can sell goods to his Shop
(see Action C, page 5), use a Helper or take out a Loan.
The Two-pack as the game continues
Whenever a player places the upper card of a Two-pack onto the Discard pile, he must immediately
(effectively, at the same time) move the lower card to the appropriate place. (Immediately fill revealed
Market stalls with vegetables and place a Satisfaction marker on revealed Regular customers.)
Detailed Example: Claudia buys a Two-pack. The Two-pack contains
1 Regular customer and 1 Market stall. Claudia chooses to keep both cards.
She places the Regular customer beneath the Market stall. Some rounds later, she
uses her Market stall for the third time and discards it. The Regular customer is
immediately placed with her other Regular customers, and is given a blue
Satisfaction marker. It must be served during that same Round. If Claudia cannot
do this (see Action F, Page 6), she must turn the Satisfaction marker to its red side.
End of the Action phase
Store Vegetables
At the end of each turn, players move leftover vegetables from their Cart to their Storehouse. A player can only
hold as many vegetables as are shown on his Storehouse: any additional vegetables must be sold to his Shop or
discarded (returned to the Supply).
A Storehouse with a capacity of only 1 vegetable can be upgraded for a cost of 2 Cash. (Turn the card over
to show the “upgraded” side). From now until the end of the game, it can hold up to 4 vegetables.
Move Scoring Marker
Players pay Cash to progress along the Path of Prosperity.
In each round, the first step along the Path of Prosperity costs 1 Cash. For each
additional space that a player wishes to move along the Path, he must pay the
value shown on the space he moves to.
Example: Nell is on Space 15. For 1 Cash, she
can move to 16, for 35 more (17+18=35),
she can move 2 additional spaces to 18.
Players may take Loans at any time during the game. A Loan provides 5 Cash and 1 Loan card.
At the end of the game, players’ Scoring markers are moved backwards 1 space along the Path of Prosperity
for each Loan that they have taken out. Loans can never be repaid.
Notes and special cases:
The number of Loans a player may take is not limited. If there are not enough “Loan” cards,
players must improvise. We recommend that first-time players be cautious about taking out Loans:
it is rare for a player to take more than one Loan.
End of the Game
The Game ends after 9 Rounds – that is, at the end of the Round
in which players finish harvesting their Home field.
Players who have taken Loans must now move their Scoring marker back
1 space along the Path of Prosperity for each Loan card that they have.
The winner is the player whose Scoring marker has progressed furthest along
the Path of Prosperity.
Tiebreaker: If more than one player is in the same position,
the winner is the one who has the most Cash remaining.
Second Tiebreaker: If the tied players also have the same amount of Cash,
the number of vegetables remaining in the players’ fields and Storehouses is the decider:
the player with the most vegetables is the winner.
Whenever you take
a Loan
you immediately
receive 5
The Loan can neve
r be repaid
Instead after the
your Scoring mar
ker is moved back
1 space
If there is still a tie after the second tiebreaker, the tied players are equal and share the win.
Notes and Special cases:
Even if a player has enough Cash remaining to reach the next step on the Path of Prosperity,
this is not allowed. (This can happen, for example, if another player has used a Trader and has
given the player Cash.)
There is no penalty for having Regular and Casual customers at the end of the game.
The number of vegetables in the Shop is also irrelevant.
Frequently Asked Questions
What happens if the pile of Action cards is completely emptied during the Card phase?
The remaining cards are distributed evenly to the players, so that each player receives
the same number of cards.
What happens if the pile of Action cards is completely emptied during the Action phase?
The Discard pile is immediately shuffled and becomes a new Draw pile.
Can I play the two cards I received during the Card phase on top of one another, as a Two-pack?
No, the two cards that are received during the Card phase must be played separately.
Can I trade vegetables at the Market stall during the Card phase, so that I can sell a more expensive vegetable
to earn money to pay for a field?
No, Market stall actions are only allowed during the Action phase.
Sometimes, it can be hard to see which Regular customers have received deliveries during
the current Action phase. At the start of an Action phase, move the Satisfaction markers
to the row on the card where the delivery is to be made. As soon as the Regular customer
receives a delivery (or the penalty is paid), move the Satisfaction marker back to the top right
hand side of the card.
To speed up play, we recommend that the Active player says how much money he should receive and
that another player pays it to him.
To ensure that you do not forget the +2/-2 modifier for Casual customers, use the reverse side
of an unused Loan card. Turn the card so that it shows the correct modifier to the right,
and place it sideways underneath a Casual customer. If the count of Regular and Casual customers
changes, return or rotate the card.
The Satisfaction marker shows
that the Regular customer has
not yet received a delivery.
Solo game
The Solo game takes around 1 hour.
It works exactly the same as the game for 2 to 4 players, with the following additions:
Market sta l
player’s Ma
refill bo
Shuffle the Action cards. For an imaginary opponent, turn over cards until there are exactly 2 Market
stalls, 2 Regular customers and 2 Casual customers. Fill the Market stalls with the required vegetables.
These cards give the Market woman, Trader, Deliveryman and Tout an opportunity for interaction.
Any additional cards that are turned over are placed in the Discard pile.
Before the Solo player sows his Home field, 12 Action cards are turned over, and placed
in a grid of 4 rows and 3 columns. Cards will be bought from this grid during the Card phase.
Card phase:
The player may buy up to 2 cards from the grid
Cards in the top row are free, cards in the second row cost 1 Cash each,
cards in the third and fourth (bottom) row cost 2 Cash each.
After choosing, the remaining cards from the second row are placed in the Discard pile.
The cards in the top row remain as they are. The remaining cards are moved upwards,
with empty spaces filled from below and then from the Draw pile to complete the 4x3 grid.
The Discard pile is only shuffled into the Draw pile once during the game:
when the first empty field is discarded during the Harvest phase. (It is irrelevant whether
it is a Private or a Common field.)
Market stalls
Regular Customers
Regular customers
Casual Customers
S= Start card in the Introductory Version
Casual customers
take the
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belonging to a Casual customer
another play
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Appendix 1: Card overview
(Cards under th
are revealed durin
to the approp
Your Goal:
“Good” players reach level 17, “Very good” players reach level 18 and “Masters” reach level 19
on the Path of Prosperity.
Helper Reference
This section lists all 20 Helpers in detail. You do not need to read this section before your first game, as all the Helper cards are self-explanatory.
This section can be used to clarify any special cases and illustrates the variety of relationships between the Helpers.
The number in square brackets [] indicates whether the action is used during phase 1, 2 or 3 of a round.
(Because the card texts explain when to use a Helper, these numbers are not on the cards but are only in this section.)
Some Helpers refer to “other players”. These Helper cards are marked with a purple lantern
. This symbol allows players to recognise
which actions allow them to directly affect other players.
Book-keeper: [2,3] Decide whether each vegetable space in your Shop
should contain the indicated vegetable or not. (Add or remove vegetables as
you choose.) In addition, choose one type of vegetable. For each Field card
/ on which this vegetable has been planted, you receive 1 .
Haggler: [3] Once only, buy 2 vegetables of the same kind in your Shop for
the price of 1. (Combined with the Shopper, you take the 2 vegetables from
the Supply rather than from the Shop.)
The Haggler can only be used when there are two of the required
As well as during the Action phase, the Book-keeper can be used
vegetable in the player’s Shop.
Used with the Merchant, the price for the two vegetables is 1 Cash.
during the Card phase, if he is needed to finance a new Field.
Con man: [3 ] Exchange this Helper for a Helper belonging to another
player who has already completed his Action phase for this round. (The Con
man goes to that player.) Solo game: Swap this Helper for a Helper from
the Offer.
Harvest Helper: [1] You can harvest 2 vegetables from each of your own
fields that contains 4 or more vegetables (Not from your Home field !),
OR [3] Fields
that you plant in this Action phase receive 1 additional
vegetable token.
Note: A player cannot use the Con man to take
a Helper that is underneath another card.
In this example, the Trader cannot be taken
by the Con man.
The Con man cannot be used by the Starting player.
Because the Con man is exchanged for another player’s
card, it remains in the game until a player discards it
without using it.
Option 1: The vegetables on a field are counted before harvesting.
The fields must have at least 4 vegetable tokens on them: it is not
enough for them to just have 4 spaces. A player who takes this option
can choose, for each field, whether to use it or not.
If a player exchanges the Foreman for the Harvest helper during
the Harvest phase, he can immediately use the Harvest helper.
Players usually harvest at the same time. If a player has the Harvest
helper, the player with the Foreman can require that the Harvest be
played in player order: First the Starting player, then the other players
follow in clockwise order.
A player who has the Foreman and the Harvest helper can play the
Harvest helper two times, one after another, to harvest 3 vegetables
from a field with at least 5 vegetable tokens or to add 2 additional
vegetables to a field.
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Deliveryman: [3 ] Deliver to another player’s Regular customer and
take the proceeds yourself. If you make the last delivery to that customer,
you must pay the owner 2 from the proceeds.
The “owner” of the Regular customer must still deliver in that round,
if he has not already and if he still has the Regular customer card.
Maid: [3] In this Action phase, you may exchange vegetables 1:1 at all
Market stall spaces where you would usually have to trade in 2 vegetables
to receive 1.
Foreman: [1,2,3 ] Take one Helper immediately after it is placed on the
Discard pile (by you or by another player).
It is irrelevant whether the Helper was used or discarded.
If the Foreman is under another Helper, he can be used immediately the
The Maid can be combined with the Trader: a player can trade
a vegetable 1:1 at another player’s Market stall.
other Helper is played.
A player can activate this card for the current Action phase without
Example: The Maid, which is on the Foreman, is activated and discarded. This frees the
Foreman, who immediately takes the Maid back. The Foreman is then moved to the
Discard pile, as it has been used.
using it immediately: he may take other actions before using the Maid.
Example: John activates the Maid and moves her to the Discard pile. This reduces the
price of a Two-pack, which he then buys. Only then does he trade in 1 vegetable at a
2:1 Stall.
In the 4-player game, the Foreman can take the Harvest helper
(during the Harvest phase) or the Squire, Market crier or Bookkeeper
(during the Card phase) from any of the other players – there are no
partners during these phases.
The Foreman and the Squire can be combined: A player can use the
Squire to select the Foreman, immediately use the Foreman and take
back the Squire.
If another player uses the Squire, a player with the Foreman can take
the Squire card and use it in the same round (if he has not already
taken two cards).
If a player exchanges the Foreman for the Harvest helper during the
Harvest phase, he can immediately use the Harvest helper.
Players usually harvest at the same time. If a player has the Harvest
helper, the player with the Foreman can require that the Harvest be
played in player order: First the Starting player, then the other players
follow in clockwise order.
A player who has the Foreman and the Harvest helper can play the
Harvest helper two times, one after another, to harvest 3 vegetables
from a field with at least 5 vegetable tokens or to add 2 additional
vegetables to a field.
Market crier: [3] Refill all your Market stalls with vegetables OR Sell 1
to 3 vegetables from your Market stalls to your Shop (at Shop prices!).
You can earn a maximum of 3 .
The Market crier can never refill a completely empty Market stall, as
Market stalls are discarded as soon as they are empty.
If the Market crier chooses to refill Stalls, he must refill
all of a player’s stalls.
Example for Option 2: Gerald takes 1 Bean and 1 Leek from his Market stalls.
He does not need to trade in vegetables from his Cart. He places both vegetables
on the appropriate spaces in his Shop and receives 3 Cash (even though the
Shop’s price would have been 4).
Market woman: [3 ] Exchange one of your Market stalls for another
player’s Market stall and refill both of them. (Cards under the Market stalls
that are revealed during the swap are moved to the appropriate “played”
A player with no Market stall cannot use this card.
A player cannot exchange an empty Market stall, as empty Stalls
are immediately placed on the Discard pile.
In the last round, some players might choose to clear out their
Market stalls to stop other players from using them with the Trader
or the Market woman.
Shopper: [3] Buy 1 vegetable from the Supply (not from the Shop).
The vegetable costs 2 less than it would in the Shop.
Merchant: [3] You may buy, for 1 , 1 of any vegetable that you must
deliver at least twice to your Regular customers in this round. (For
example: You have Regular customers requiring wheat/wheat, pumpkin/
cabbage and pumpkin/leeks. You may buy 1 wheat and 1 pumpkin for 1
Wheat costs 1 Cash, Pumpkins 2, Turnips and Cabbages 3, Beans and
Leeks 4.
The Shopper can be combined with the Haggler: you can buy 2 identical
The Merchant only counts by Regular customers, not Casual customers.
Even if a player must deliver the same vegetable four times to his
goods from the Supply for 2 less Cash.
The Shopper can be combined with the Merchant: The player receives, for
Regular customers, he can only buy at most 1 vegetable with the
Players can never buy vegetables that are not in their Shop.
The Merchant can be combined with the Haggler: a player can buy
2 identical goods for 1 Cash.
The Merchant can be combined with the Shopper: the player receives,
for 0 Cash, up to 1 vegetable (that the Merchant could buy from the
Shop for 1 Cash) from the Supply.
0 Cash, up to 1 vegetable (that the Merchant could buy from the Shop
for 1 Cash) from the Supply.
Squire: [2] During the Card phase, instead of taking 1 card from your hand
and 1 from the Courtyard, you can take 1 card from your hand and up to 3
from the Courtyard. (If you take the Foreman card, you can immediately swap
it for the Squire.)
Solo game: You may acquire up to 4 cards from the Offer.
A player using the Squire must also play 1 card from his hand.
The Squire cannot be used in the same round as it is played. Exception:
Messenger-boy: [3] You can deliver twice to any or each of your Regular
customers in this Action phase: Place two vegetables on each of the
Regular customer’s two vegetable spaces
If another player uses the Squire, a player with the Foreman can take the
Squire card and use it in the same round (if he has not already taken two
The player plays all of the Action cards into his “played” area. As with all
Action cards in the Card phase, they cannot be placed on one another
like a Two-pack.
Players can choose which Regular customer they will deliver to twice.
Players are paid for each of the two deliveries.
Even after a double delivery, the player must deliver to the Regular
customer over four rounds. In this way, a Regular customer may receive
five (or even more) deliveries.
A player is allowed to deliver to a Regular
customer, and then use the proceeds to buy
a vegetable that is required for that customer’s
second delivery.
Players can also deliver twice to a Regular
customer’s top (last) row. Both these deliveries
must be made at the same time.
Subsistence farmer: [3 ] Take 1 vegetable from a field belonging
to another player and pay the owner 1 . The field must contain at least
4 vegetable tokens and may not be the Home field . Solo game: For 1 ,
buy 1 wheat, 1 pumpkin or 1 turnip from the Supply.
The Subsistence farmer can only be played during the Action phase. (This
is important in the 4-player game where players take actions with a
The player places the harvested vegetable in his own Cart.
Official: [3] In this Action phase, the “Buy a Two-pack” action is free for you.
The Two-pack is already free for players with no Helpers or Market stalls.
Tout: [3 ] Exchange one of your Casual customers for a Casual
customer belonging to another player. (Revealed cards are placed in your
“played” area.) OR [3 ] Buy a Casual customer from another
player for 2 . You must immediately serve this customer.
Plough-man: [3] Return all vegetables from one of your fields that
contains at least 2 vegetables to the Supply. (You may not return vegetables
from your Home field .) You can re-sow this field. OR You can immediately
harvest vegetables from all fields that contain exactly one vegetable token
(but not your Home field .)
“Serve” means “deliver the three goods to the customer.”
Example for Option 2: Jon has the Tout on top of a Regular customer. He buys a Casual
customer, who must be served immediately, from Larry. Jon gives Larry 2 Cash from
the proceeds. The Regular customer does not count towards the +2/-2 modifier in this
instance, as it is only revealed when the Tout is moved to the Discard pile after it has
been used.
Option 1: The player is not compensated in Cash for the returned
vegetables. The field is treated as though it had just been turned over
from the player’s private Field pile. If the field is a Common field (Action
card), the player does not pay the 2 Cash purchase price again. The
player re-sows the field with a vegetable from his Cart. (The Plough-man
can re-sow at most 1 field.)
Option 2: Immediately after this Harvest, all emptied Private fields are
removed from the game and all emptied Common fields (Action cards)
are moved to the Discard pile.
Tenant-farmer: [3] Pay 3 to choose 1 field from your pile of Private fields
(without changing the order of the fields in the pile) OR Place one empty
field from your Field area (that has not yet been sown) under the pile of
your Private fields and select 1 other field from it (without changing the order
of the fields in the pile)
The new field is placed with the other fields.
Option 1 reduces the size of a player’s Private field pile. Some players
Saleswoman: [3] Turn all your own Satisfaction markers to the blue side.
OR During the current Action phase, your Casual customers pay a bonus
of +2 on the base price for all deliveries (regardless of how many Regular
customers you have).
may have a Private field left to turn over in Round 8; others may not.
Option 2 allows a Common field (on an Action card) to be placed under
the pile of Private fields. The player does not have to pay 2 Cash for the
Common field when it is turned over for the second time.
A player may not simply use the Tenant-farmer to look at his Private
fields pile. A player who uses this card must also take a field.
The player can activate Option 1 for the current Action phase without
using it immediately: he may take other actions before using the
Example for Option 1: Fraser has 3 Regular customers, 2 with red Satisfaction
markers and 1 with blue. First, he chooses not to serve the third customer and turns
the Satisfaction marker to red. Then he uses the Saleswoman and turns all three
Satisfaction markers to blue. He still needs to serve the first 2 Regular customers.
Trader: [3 ] Trade in 1 vegetable at another player’s Market stall . If you
do this in Round 8, you must pay that player 1 ; in Round 9, 2 .
The Trader is the only Helper who appears more than once in the game.
(There are 3.)
With each Trader used, a player can obtain exactly 1 vegetable from
another player’s Market stall by trading in 1 or 2 vegetables from his
cart (as shown).
The Trader can be combined with the Maid.
In the last round, some players might choose to clear out their Market
stalls to stop other players from using them with the Trader or
the Market woman.
Author: Uwe Rosenberg 乌 玫瑰山
Editing: Ralph Bruhn und Uwe Rosenberg
Illustration and Graphic design: Klemens Franz / atelier198
3D game pieces: Andreas Resch
English translation: Melissa Rogerson
English proofreaders: Fraser McHarg, Jon Power, John Kennard, Larry Levy, Gerald Cameron and Eberhardt Scheube.
The game “At the Gates of Loyang” was developed between January and April 2005. It is the immediate predecessor of the game “Agricola”
which was published in 2007. It was inspired by the game “Antiquity”, from the Dutch publisher Splotter Spellen. The author got to know the
“Loyang” theme through the book “Die Welt der alten Städte - Wie die Menschen damals lebten” (The world of the old cities - how
people lived back then) (Herder Verlag, 1982) (now out of print). The editors thank Susanne Rosenberg, Andreas Buhlmann, Rolf Raupach, Andreas
Odendahl (as the Solo game expert), Grzegorz Kobiela, Inga Blecher, Stefan Schmid and Julian Steindorfer for proof-reading the rules, Hao Wang for
advice on Chinese characters, Melissa Rogerson for the translation and the many keen helpers who supported us on studivz. The author thanks the
many Playtesters (in chronological order), without whom the game would not have appeared in this form:
Philipp Bäcker, Christian Gentges, Susanne Rosenberg, Sascha Hendriks, Andreas Höhne, Hagen Dorgathen, Hanno Girke, Jasmin Latossek,
Andreas Latossek, (10.) Brigitte Ditt, Wolfgang Ditt, Anja Pauli, Eva Pauli, Jens Schulze, Frederike Diehl, André Diehl, Nadine Sauerbier,
Mark Buschhaus, Stefan Betermieux, (20.) Frank Beimfohr, Thorsten Janocha, Ulrike Don, Anja Grieger, Frank Grieger, Petra Doerinckel,
Marion Wieners, Sabine Teller, Thomas Balcerek, Axel Krüger, (30.) Michael Hehenkamp, André Hergemöller, Volker Hesselmann, Alexander Finke,
Miriam Bode, Nina Meinke, Martina Friese, Markus Friese, Cornelia Kreher, Andreas Kreher, (40.) Erwin Amann, Hartmut Boekhoff,
Christian Hildenbrand, Klaus-Jürgen Wrede, Fritz Gruber, Henning Kröpke, Julia Griller, Barbara Kern, Gert Stocker, Hubert Scheu, (50.) Ulrike Krahn,
Torsten Schwack, Mareike Oertwig, Anke Robert, Nicole Weinberger, Ingo Kasprzak, Philipp El Alaoui, Tim Eggert, Peter Eggert, Carsten Büttemeier,
(60.) Marcus Krug, Julius Kündiger, Robert Oestreich, Peter Raschdorf, Rolf Raupach, André Kalies, Björn Kalies, Grzegorz Kobiela, Markus Tapper,
Robert Kellner, (70.) Agnieszka Kobiela, Olaf Lück, Christian Berghammer, Dorle Burgdorf, Nadine Schlüter, Stephanie Wucherpfennig,
Andrea Kattnig, Klemens Franz, Dagmar de Cassan, Monika Dillingerova, (80.) Maria Schranz, Harald Bilz, Lothar Hemme, Christoph Vavru,
Michael Kapik, Gabriele Goldschmidt, Nils Miehe, Nicole Biedinger, Stephan Gehres, Barbara Winner, (90.) Ralph Bruhn, Markus Wawra,
Erwin Kocsan, Suse Dahn, Ferdinand de Cassan, Julian Steindorfer, Karin Michels, Matthias Michels, Arne Hoffmann, Thilo B. Schneeweiß,
(100.) Lasse Goldschmidt, Michael Rensen, Guido Loch, Nicole Ruthmann, Thorsten Ruthmann, Thomas Röttgers, Roland Müller, Sandra Kalker,
Michael Behr, Andrea Magiera, (110.) Alfred Schneider, Angela Maschke, Horst Sawroch, Georg Rausch, Vera Schwingenheuer, Matthias Esken,
Gesa Bruhn, Markus Grafen, Cedric Hodelganz, Stefan Wahoff, Sören Paukstadt, (120.) Henrik Nachtrodt, Gerda Leutermann, Bernd Breitenbach,
Stephanie Mertens, Ralf Jäger, Ronny Vorbrodt, Katharina Woroniuk, Frank Hommes, Gisela Postler, Björn Postler, (130.) Birgit Baer, Jürgen Kudritzky,
Monika Harke, Rainer Harke, Ann-Kathrin Drogi, André Stegers, Winfrid Pucher, Ansgar Ludwig, Tim Liese, Marcel Schwarz, (140.) Frank Pohl,
Erwin Surmann, Michael Seidl, Nicole Schneider, Frank Strangfeld, Markus Prieß, Andrea Schermer gemeinsam mit Sabine Semmler, Udo Kalker,
Maren Hübner, David Köpfer, (150.) Dominik Mechnig, Fabian Bressin, Jan-Hendrik Hacheney, Marvin Hehn, Sebastian Klein, Wolfgang Rupsch,
Thomas Tschirbs, Nicole Reiske, Georg von der Brüggen, Anja Beck, (160.) Tobias Bamberger, Rainer Elsäßer, Mario Prochnow, Joachim Schneider,
Stefan Mautes, Joachim Zajusch, Gertrud Hurck, Andreas Jacobi, Dirk Augenbraun, Dominik Riege, (170.) Christian Becker, Michael Kohl,
Thomas Mechtersheimer, Mathias Cramer, Inga Blecher, Christoph Keutmann, Heike Brandes, Beate Friedrich, Kai Köhn, Jürgen Aden,
(180.) Stefan Lowke, Markus Schepke, Ulrich Blennemann, Michael Bruinsma, Daniel Hagetoorn, Brigitte Usai, Claudio Usai, Bernadette Beckert,
Andreas Buhlmann, Jan Ostmann, (190.) Thomas Schulze, Elke Duffner, Helga Duffner, Johannes Schulz-Thierbach, Bodo Drews, Jörg Schulte,
Claus Jürgen Danker, Michael Braun, Andrea Urbarz, Yvonne Lüscher, (200.) Tanja Muck, Ihmo Kelsch, Peter Muck, Dirk Schröder, Thorsten Hanson,
Nele Jung, Daniel Frieg, Fabian Sandelmann, Monika Voß, Diana Zey, (210.) Markus Kirsch, Volker Geilhausen, Bianca Schürmann, Thomas Rosanski,
Tina Junior, Sven Junior, Andreas Odendahl, Simone Hüther, Volker Schäfer, Johanna Bresch, (220.) Ingrid Kranicz, Fokko Toelstede,
Dorothee Haarmann, Klaus Haarmann, Bodo Merz, Volker Nattermann, Marcel Plum, Björn Reinartz, Eric Humrich, Sylvia Kistner, (230.) Ina Plate,
Volker Sänger, Jessica Jordan, Timo Loist, Ralf Rechmann, Jochen Steininger, Andrea Krone, Sybille Bertram, Sven Bertram, Marcel Kaul,
(240.) Torsten Winkelstäter, Frank Rudloff, Jennifer Ha, Sandra Lapp, Silke Hüsges, Roland Winner, Birger Haar, Melissa Rogerson Petra Böhm,
Dieter Alber, (250.) Steve Kearon, Fraser McHarg, Neil Cook, John Kennard, Mel Thomas, Haydn Jones, Claudia McHarg..
© 2009 Hall Games
Ralph Bruhn
Herderstr. 36
D-53332 Bornheim
Deutschland / Germany
You can download a walk-through of the game rules from our homepage - this gives an easy introduction to the
game and acts as a guide for teaching it. For advanced players, the author has explained why he made certain rules the way they are.
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