Craftsman | CanOBD2&1 | Manufacturer's Warranty | Craftsman CanOBD2&1 Manufacturer's Warranty

Operator’s Manual
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Your Home
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CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
The Easiest and Best Way to Troubleshoot OBD2 and OBD1 Vehicles!
Model 09.20899
www.managemyhome.com
For repair – in your home – of all major brand appliances,
lawn and garden equipment, or heating and cooling systems,
no matter who made it, no matter who sold it !
For the replacement parts, accessories and
owner’s manuals that you need to do-it-yourself.
For Sears professional installation of home appliances
and items like garage door openers and water heaters.
1-800-4-MY-HOME®
(1-800-469-4663)
www.sears.com
Call anytime, day or night
(U.S.A. and Canada)
www.sears.ca
Our Home
For repair of carry-in items like vacuums, lawn equipment,
and electronics, call anytime for the location of the nearest
Sears Parts & Repair Service Center
1-800-488-1222 (U.S.A.)
www.sears.com
1-800-469-4663 (Canada)
www.sears.ca
To purchase a protection agreement on a product serviced by Sears:
1-800-827-6655 (U.S.A.)
Para pedir servicio de reparación
a domicilio, y para ordenar piezas:
1-888-SU-HOGAR®
(1-888-784-6427)
1-800-361-6665 (Canada)
Au Canada pour service en français:
1-800-LE-FOYERMC
(1-800-533-6937)
www.sears.ca
CAUTION: Before using this product,
read this manual and follow all its Safety
Rules and Operating Instructions.
© Sears Brands, LLC
® Registered Trademark / TM Trademark / SM Service Mark of Sears Brands, LLC
® Marca Registrada / TM Marca de Fábrica / SM Marca de Servicio de Sears Brands, LLC
MC
Marque de commerce / MD Marque déposée de Sears Brands, LLC
Copyright © 2007 IEC. All Right Reserved.
Instruction MRP #93-0202
For answers to your questions
about this product, call:
1-800-544-4124
Craftsman Help Line
5 a.m. – 6 p.m., Mon. – Fri.
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit the Craftsman website: www.sears.com/craftsman
Table of Contents
INTRODUCTION
WHAT IS OBD? .......................................................................................................
YOU CAN DO IT! ...............................................................................................................
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
SAFETY FIRST! ......................................................................................................
ABOUT THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL
BATTERY INSTALLATION / REPLACEMENT .......................................................
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY .................................................
CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL CONTROLS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS .............................................................................
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS ...........................................................................................
VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S MEMORY .........................
PREPARATION FOR TESTING
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET ........................................
BEFORE YOU BEGIN .............................................................................................
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS ..............................................................................
GENERAL CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES
OBD1 SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................
OBD2 SYSTEMS ....................................................................................................
OBD2 SYSTEMS
VEHICLES COVERED ............................................................................................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) ..............................................................
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE .........................................................................
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs .................................................................................
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) .............................................
I/M READINESS TESTING ......................................................................................
OBD2 LIVE DATA MODE
VIEWING LIVE DATA .............................................................................................
CUSTOMIZING LIVE DATA (PIDs) .........................................................................
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA ..............................................................
LIVE DATA PLAYBACK ..........................................................................................
GENERIC (GLOBAL) OBD2 PID LIST ..............................................................................
ADDITIONAL OBD2 TESTS
O2 SENSOR TEST .................................................................................................
NON-CONTINUOUS TEST .....................................................................................
SYSTEM TEST .......................................................................................................
VEHICLE ID ............................................................................................................
CHRYSLER/JEEP OBD1 SYSTEMS
CHRYSLER/JEEP OBD1 SYSTEMS ......................................................................
VEHICLES COVERED ............................................................................................
INSTRUMENT PANEL INDICATOR LIGHTS .........................................................
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC) ...........................................................................
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE .........................................................................
FORD OBD1 SYSTEMS
FORD COMPUTER SYSTEM OVERVIEW ............................................................
VEHICLES COVERED ............................................................................................
TEST CONNECTORS .............................................................................................
CONNECTING THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL ...................................................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) ..............................................................
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES .......................................................................
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS ......................................................
GM OBD1 SYSTEMS
YOUR VEHICLE'S COMPUTER SYSTEM .............................................................
VEHICLES COVERED ............................................................................................
ABOUT THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL ...............................................................
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC) ...........................................................................
MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LIGHT (MIL) .............................................................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTC's) .............................................................
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE .........................................................................
TOYOTA/LEXUS OBD1 SYSTEMS
ON-BOARD VEHICLE DIAGNOSTICS (OBD1) .....................................................
VEHICLES COVERED ............................................................................................
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC) ...........................................................................
INSTRUMENT PANEL MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LIGHTS (MIL) .............................
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES ..........................................................................
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE .........................................................................
SERVICING DTCS
SERVICING DTCs - OBD I .....................................................................................
ERASING DTCS
ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) .......................................................................
GLOSSARY
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................
WARRANTY AND REPLACEMENT PARTS
CRAFTSMAN TWO YEAR FULL WARRANTY ......................................................
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT ........................................
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CanOBD2&1
Introduction
WHAT IS OBD?
WHAT IS OBD?
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is designed to work on most
Chrysler, Ford, GM and Toyota OBD1 systems and all OBD2
compliant vehicles.
One of the most exciting improvements in the
automobile industry was the addition of onboard diagnostics (OBD) on vehicles, or in more
basic terms, the computer that activates the
vehicle’s “CHECK ENGINE” light. OBD1 was
designed to monitor manufacturer-specific
systems on vehicles built from 1981 to 1995.
Then came the development of OBD2, which is on all 1996 cars and
light trucks sold in the United States. These systems are part of a
government mandate to lower vehicle emissions. The sophisticated
programs in the vehicle’s on-board computer system are designed to
detect failures in a range of vehicle systems. Diagnostic information can
be accessed through a Data Link Connector test port specifically
designed for this purpose. For all OBD systems, if a problem is found,
the computer turns on the “CHECK ENGINE” light to warn the driver,
and sets a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) to identify where the problem
occurred. A special diagnostic tool, such as the Enhanced CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, is required to retrieve these codes, which consumers and
professionals use as a starting point for repairs.
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool provides the additional ability to
retrieve enhanced DTCs from most Chrysler/Jeep, General Motors,
Ford, Mazda and Isuzu vehicles. The types of enhanced data available
depends on the vehicle make.
CanOBD2&1
1
You Can Do It!
EASY TO USE – EASY TO VIEW – EASY TO DEFINE
Easy To Use . . . .
„
Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to
the vehicle’s test connector.
„
Turn the ignition key "On.”
„
Press the POWER/LINK
button.
Easy To View . . . .
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool retrieves
stored codes, as well as Freeze Frame
data and I/M Readiness status (OBD2
systems only).
„
Codes, I/M Readiness status and
Freeze Frame data are displayed on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display
screen. System status is indicated by
LED indicators.
Easy To Define . . . .
2
„
Read code definitions from
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
„
View Freeze
systems only).
„
View, record and playback live data
(OBD2 systems only).
Frame
data
the
(OBD2
CanOBD2&1
Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
SAFETY FIRST!
To avoid personal injury, instrument damage and/or damage
to your vehicle; do not use the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
before reading this manual.
This manual describes common test procedures used by
experienced service technicians. Many test procedures
require precautions to avoid accidents that can result in
personal injury, and/or damage to your vehicle or test
equipment. Always read your vehicle's service manual and
follow its safety precautions before and during any test or
service procedure. ALWAYS observe the following general
safety precautions:
When an engine is running, it produces carbon monoxide,
a toxic and poisonous gas. To prevent serious injury or
death from carbon monoxide poisoning, operate the
vehicle ONLY in a well-ventilated area.
To protect your eyes from propelled objects as well as hot
or caustic liquids, always wear approved safety eye
protection.
When an engine is running, many parts (such as the
coolant fan, pulleys, fan belt etc.) turn at high speed. To
avoid serious injury, always be aware of moving parts.
Keep a safe distance from these parts as well as other
potentially moving objects.
Engine parts become very hot when the engine is running.
To prevent severe burns, avoid contact with hot engine
parts.
P RND L
Before starting an engine for testing or troubleshooting,
make sure the parking brake is engaged. Put the
transmission in park (for automatic transmission) or
neutral (for manual transmission). Block the drive wheels
with suitable blocks.
Connecting or disconnecting test equipment when the
ignition is ON can damage test equipment and the
vehicle's electronic components. Turn the ignition OFF
before connecting the CanODB2&1 Scan Tool to or
disconnecting the CanODB2&1 Scan Tool from the
vehicle’s Data Link Connector (DLC).
CanOBD2&1
3
Safety Precautions
SAFETY FIRST!
To prevent damage to the on-board computer when taking
vehicle electrical measurements, always use a digital
multimeter with at least 10 megOhms of impedance.
Fuel and battery vapors are highly flammable. To prevent
an explosion, keep all sparks, heated items and open
flames away from the battery and fuel / fuel vapors. DO
NOT SMOKE NEAR THE VEHICLE DURING TESTING.
Don't wear loose clothing or jewelry when working on an
engine. Loose clothing can become caught in the fan,
pulleys, belts, etc. Jewelry is highly conductive, and can
cause a severe burn if it makes contact between a power
source and ground.
4
CanOBD2&1
About the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
BATTERY INSTALL/REPLACEMENT - ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS & DTC LIBRARY
BATTERY INSTALLATION / REPLACEMENT
Replace batteries when the battery symbol
is visible on display
and/or the 3 LEDS are all lit and no other data is visible on screen.
1. Locate the battery cover on the back of the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
2. Slide the battery cover off (use your fingers).
3. Replace batteries with three AA-size batteries (for longer life, use
Alkaline-type batteries).
4. Reinstall the battery cover on the back of the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
Language Selection After Battery Installation
The first time the unit is turned on, you must
select the desired display language (English,
French or Spanish) as follows:
1. Press and hold the POWER/LINK
button for approximately 3 seconds to
turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool “ON.”
„
The Select Language screen displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
the desired display language.
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
3. When the desired display language is selected, press the
button to confirm your selection.
ENTER/LD
After the initial language selection is performed, it, as well as
other settings, can be changed as desired. Proceed to
“ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY” below for
further instructions.
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool lets you make several adjustments and
settings to configure the tool to your particular needs. It also contains an
OBD2 DTC Library that allows you to search for DTC definitions. The
following functions, adjustments and settings can be performed when
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is in “MENU Mode”:
„
„
„
„
„
„
Adjust Brightness: Adjusts the brightness of the display screen.
Display Backlight: Turns the display backlight on and off.
DTC Library: Lets you search the library of OBD2 DTC definitions.
Select Language: Sets the display language for the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool to English, French or Spanish.
Unit of Measurement: Sets the Unit of Measure for the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display to USA or metric.
Menu Exit: Exits “MENU Mode”.
CanOBD2&1
5
About the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY
Adjustments and settings can be made only when the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is NOT connected to a vehicle.
To enter the MENU Mode:
1. With the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool OFF,
button, then
press and hold the UP
press and release the POWER/LINK
button.
„
The Setup Menu displays.
2. Release the UP
button.
DO NOT release the UP
visible on the display.
button until the Setup Menu is
3. Make adjustments and settings as described in the following
paragraphs.
Adjusting Display Brightness
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Adjust
Brightness in the Setup Menu, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The Adjust
displays.
„
The Brightness field shows the current
brightness setting, from 0 to 43.
Brightness
screen
2. Press the UP
button to decrease the
brightness of the display (make the
display darker).
3. Press the DOWN
button to increase
the brightness of the display (make the
display lighter).
4. When the desired brightness is obtained, press the ENTER/LD
button to save your changes and return to the Setup Menu.
Using the Backlight
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Display
Backlight in the Setup Menu, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
6
The Display Backlight screen displays.
CanOBD2&1
About the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY
2. Press the UP
or DOWN
button,
as necessary, to select the desired
backlight mode, either ON or OFF.
3. When the desired backlight mode is
selected, press the ENTER/LD
button to save your changes.
„
The display returns to the MENU,
and the backlight turns “on” or “off”
as selected.
Searching for a DTC Definition Using the DTC Library (applicable
to OBD2 systems only)
1. Use the UP
as necessary,
in the Setup
ENTER/LD
„
and DOWN
buttons,
to highlight DTC Library
Menu, then press the
button.
The Enter DTC screen displays. The
screen shows the code “P0001”,
with the “P” flashing.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to scroll to the desired
DTC type (P=Powertrain, U=Network,
B=Body, C=Chassis), then press the
DTC SCROLL
button.
„
The selected character displays
“solid”, and the next character
begins flashing.
3. Select the remaining characters in the DTC in the same way,
pressing the DTC SCROLL
button to confirm each character.
When you have selected all the DTC characters, press the
ENTER/LD
button to view the DTC definition.
„
If you entered a “Generic” DTC
(DTCs that start with “P0”, “P2” and
some “P3”):
- The selected DTC and DTC
definition (if available), show on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display.
If a definition for the DTC you entered is not available, an
advisory message shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display.
„
If you entered a “Manufacturer-Specific” DTC (DTCs that start
with “P1” and some “P3”):
CanOBD2&1
7
About the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY
- The “Select Manufacturer” screen
displays.
- Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as
necessary,
to
highlight
the
appropriate
manufacturer, then press the
ENTER/LD
button to display
the correct DTC for your vehicle.
If a definition for the DTC you
entered is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
4. If you wish to view definitions for
additional DTCs, press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the DTC Library
screen, and repeat steps 2 and 3.
5. When all desired DTCs have been viewed, press the ERASE
button to exit the DTC Library and return to the Setup Menu.
Selecting the Display Language
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Select
Language in the Setup Menu, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The Select Language screen displays.
„
The currently selected
Language is highlighted.
display
2. Press the UP
or DOWN
button,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
display language.
3. When the desired display language is
highlighted, press the ENTER/LD
button to save your changes and return
to the Setup Menu (shown in the
selected display language).
Setting the Unit of Measurement
and DOWN
buttons,
1. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight Unit of
Measure in the Setup Menu, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
8
CanOBD2&1
About the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
ADJUSTMENTS/SETTINGS AND DTC LIBRARY
2. Press the UP
or DOWN
button,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
Unit of Measure.
3. When the desired Unit of Measure
value is selected, press the ENTER/LD
button to save your changes and
return to the Setup Menu.
Exiting the MENU Mode
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
1. Use the UP
Menu Exit in the Setup Menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
If diagnostic data IS currently stored in the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s memory, the stored data is shown on the display.
„
If diagnostic data IS NOT currently stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory, the “Linking Instructions” screen is shown
on the display.
CanOBD2&1
9
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Controls
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
11
10
7
6
8
9
1
3
2
4
5
16
12
13
14
15
Figure 1. Controls and Indicators
See Figure 1 for the locations of items 1 through 16, below.
1.
ERASE button - Erases Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs), and
“Freeze Frame” data from your vehicle’s computer, and resets
Monitor status. (“Freeze Frame” data and Monitor status are
applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
2.
DTC SCROLL button - Displays the DTC View screen and/or
scrolls the LCD display to view DTCs when more than one DTC is
present.
3.
POWER/LINK button - When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool IS
NOT connected to a vehicle, turns the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool “On”
and “Off”. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is connected to a
vehicle, links the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the vehicle’s PCM to
retrieve diagnostic data from the computer’s memory. (The LINK
function is applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
To turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool "On", you must press and
hold the POWER/LINK
button for approximately 3
seconds.
10
CanOBD2&1
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Controls
CONTROLS AND INDICATORS
4.
ENTER/LIVE DATA button - When in MENU mode, confirms
the selected option or value. When linked to a vehicle, places the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in "Live Data" mode.
5.
DOWN button - When in MENU mode, scrolls DOWN through
the menu and submenu selection options. When retrieving and
viewing DTCs, scrolls down through the current display screen to
display any additional data.
6.
UP button - When in MENU mode, scrolls UP through the menu
and submenu selection options. When retrieving and viewing DTCs,
scrolls ups through the current display screen to display any
additional data.
7. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine systems are running
normally (all Monitors on the vehicle are active and performing their
diagnostic testing, and no DTCs are present). (Monitors are
applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
8. YELLOW LED - Indicates there is a possible problem. A “Pending”
or a history DTC is present and/or some of the vehicle’s emission
monitors have not run their diagnostic testing. (Monitors and
pending DTCs are applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
9. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem in one or more of the
vehicle’s systems. The red LED is also used to show that DTC(s)
are present. DTCs are shown on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display. In this case, the Malfunction Indicator (“Check Engine”)
lamp on the vehicle’s instrument panel will light steady on.
10. Display - Displays Setup Menu and submenus, test results,
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool functions and Monitor status information.
See DISPLAY FUNCTIONS, on next page, for more details.
(Monitors are applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
11. Cable - Connects the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the vehicle’s Data
Link Connector (DLC) when retrieving codes from OBD I systems
(used with items 12, 13, 14 and 16).
12. CHRYSLER Connector Cable Adaptor - Installs on cable (item 11)
when connecting to a Chrysler OBD1 Data Link Connector.
13. FORD Connector Cable Adaptor - Installs on cable (item 11) when
connecting to a Ford OBD1 Data Link Connector.
14. GM Connector Cable Adaptor - Installs on cable (item 11) when
connecting to a GM OBD1 Data Link Connector.
15. OBD II Cable - Connects the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the
vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC) when retrieving codes from
OBD II systems.
16. TOYOTA Connector Cable Adaptor - Installs on cable (item 11)
when connecting to a Toyota OBD1 Data Link Connector.
CanOBD2&1
11
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Controls
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
DISPLAY FUNCTIONS
2
1
11 12
13
3
4
5
6
15
16
7
14
8
10
9
Figure 2. Display Functions
See Figure 2 for the locations of items 1 through 16, following.
1. I/M MONITOR STATUS field - Identifies the I/M Monitor status area.
(This function is applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
2. Monitor icons - Indicate which Monitors are supported by the
vehicle under test, and whether or not the associated Monitor has
run its diagnostic testing (Monitor status). When a Monitor icon is
solid, it indicates that the associated Monitor has completed its
diagnostic testing. When a Monitor icon is flashing, it indicates that
the vehicle supports the associated Monitor, but the Monitor has not
yet run its diagnostic testing. (This function is applicable to OBD2
systems only.)
12
3.
Vehicle icon - Indicates whether or not the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool is being properly powered through the vehicle’s Data
Link Connector (DLC). A visible icon indicates that the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is being powered through the vehicle’s
DLC connector.
4.
Link icon - Indicates whether or not the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
is communicating (linked) with the vehicle’s on-board computer.
When visible, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is communicating with the
computer. If the Link icon is not visible, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
is not communicating with the computer.
5.
Computer icon - When this icon is visible it indicates that the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is linked to a personal computer. An
optional “PC Link Kit” is available that makes it possible to upload
retrieved data to a personal computer.
6.
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Internal Battery icon - When visible,
indicates the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool batteries are “low” and should
be replaced. If the batteries are not replaced when the battery
symbol is "on", all 3 LEDs will light up as a last resort indicator to
warn you that the batteries need replacement. No data will be
displayed on screen when all 3 LEDs are lit.
CanOBD2&1
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Controls
VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S MEMORY
7. DTC Display Area - Displays the Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
number. Each fault is assigned a code number that is specific to that
fault.
8. Test Data Display Area - Displays DTC definitions, Freeze Frame
data, and other pertinent test information messages.
9. FREEZE FRAME icon - Indicates that there is Freeze Frame data
from “Priority Code” (Code #1) stored in the vehicle’s computer
memory.
10. HISTORY icon - Indicates the currently displayed DTC is a “History”
code.
11. PENDING icon - Indicates the currently displayed DTC is a
“Pending” code.
12. MIL icon - Indicates the status of the Malfunction Indicator Lamp
(MIL). The MIL icon is visible only when a DTC has commanded the
MIL on the vehicle’s dashboard to light.
13. Code Number Sequence - The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool assigns a
sequence number to each DTC that is present in the computer’s
memory, starting with “01.” This number indicates which code is
currently displayed. Code number “01” is always the highest priority
code, and the one for which “Freeze Frame” data has been stored.
(Freeze Frame data is applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
If “01” is a “Pending” code, there may or may not be “Freeze
Frame” data stored in memory.
14. Code Enumerator - Indicates the total number of codes retrieved
from the vehicle’s computer.
15.
Generic DTC icon - When visible, indicates that the currently
displayed DTC is a “Generic” or “Universal” code. (This function is
applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
16.
Enhanced DTC icon - When visible, indicates that the currently
displayed DTC is a Manufacturer Specific Code. (This function is
applicable to OBD2 systems only.)
VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY
To view DTC’s and other diagnostic data stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory, do the following:
1. With no DLC cable connected to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, press
the POWER/LINK
button to turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
“on”.
„
The “To Retrieve DTCs” screen
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
button
Tool’s display. Press the
for instructions to view DTC’s in
memory.
CanOBD2&1
13
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool Controls
VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S MEMORY
2. Press the ENTER/LD
„
button.
The “Select OBD System” screen
displays.
and
keys to highlight
3. Use the
and select your vehicle’s OBD system
(OBD1 or OBD2). Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
„
Select “Back” if you wish to return to
the Main Menu.
4. If DTCs are present in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory, the first stored
DTC will display on the screen.
„
If more than one DTC is present,
use the DTC SCROLL
button to
scroll through the DTC’s.
5. For OBD2 systems only - Freeze
Frame Data (if available) will display
after DTC #1.
6. If no DTCs are in the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s memory, a “No DTC’s are
presently stored in the Code Readers
memory” message displays.
14
CanOBD2&1
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
The purpose of this form is to help you gather preliminary information on
your vehicle before you retrieve codes. By having a complete account of
your vehicle's current problem(s), you will be able to systematically
pinpoint the problem(s) by comparing your answers to the fault codes
you retrieve. You can also provide this information to your mechanic to
assist in diagnosis and help avoid costly and unnecessary repairs. It is
important for you to complete this form to help you and/or your
mechanic have a clear understanding of your vehicle's problems.
NAME:
DATE:
VIN*:
YEAR:
MAKE:
MODEL:
ENGINE SIZE:
VEHICLE MILEAGE:
*VIN: Vehicle Identification Number, found at the base of the windshield
on a metallic plate, or at the driver door latch area (consult your vehicle
owner's manual for location).
TRANSMISSION:
❏
Automatic
❏
Manual
Please check all applicable items in each category.
DESCRIBE THE PROBLEM:
CanOBD2&1
15
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
WHEN DID YOU FIRST NOTICE THE PROBLEM:
❏
Just Started
❏
Started Last Week
❏
Started Last Month
❏
Other:
m
LIST ANY REPAIRS DONE IN THE PAST SIX MONTHS:
PROBLEMS STARTING
❏ No symptoms
❏
Cranks, but will not start
❏
❏
Starts, but takes a long
time
❏
Right after vehicle
comes to a stop
❏
While idling
❏
During acceleration
When parking
Will not crank
ENGINE QUITS OR STALLS
No symptoms
❏
❏
Right after starting
❏
When shifting into gear
❏
During steady-speed
driving
IDLING CONDITIONS
No symptoms
❏
❏
Is sometimes too fast or
too slow
❏
Is rough or uneven
❏
Fluctuates up and down
RUNNING CONDITIONS
No symptoms
❏
Backfires
❏
❏
❏
Misfires or cuts out
Engine knocks, pings or
rattles
❏
Surges
❏
Dieseling or run-on
❏
Is too slow at all times
❏
Is too fast
❏
16
❏
❏
Runs rough
Lacks power
❏
Bucks and jerks
❏
Poor fuel economy
❏
Hesitates or stumbles on
accelerations
CanOBD2&1
Preparation for Testing
PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC WORKSHEET
AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSION PROBLEMS (if applicable)
❏
❏
❏
❏
No symptoms
Shifts too early or too late
Changes gear incorrectly
PROBLEM OCCURS
Morning
❏
❏
❏
Vehicle does not move
when in gear
Jerks or bucks
Afternoon
❏
Anytime
❏
Hot
ENGINE TEMPERATURE WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❏
Cold
❏
Warm
DRIVING CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Short - less than 2 miles
2 - 10 miles
Long - more than 10 miles
Stop and go
While turning
While braking
At gear engagement
With A/C operating
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
With headlights on
During acceleration
Mostly driving downhill
Mostly driving uphill
Mostly driving level
Mostly driving curvy
roads
Mostly driving rough
roads
DRIVING HABITS
❏
❏
❏
❏
❏
Mostly city driving
Highway
Park vehicle inside
Park vehicle outside
❏
❏
Drive less than 10 miles per day
Drive 10 to 50 miles per day
Drive more than 50 miles per
day
GASOLINE USED
❏
❏
❏
87 Octane
89 Octane
❏
91 Octane
More than 91 Octane
WEATHER CONDITIONS WHEN PROBLEM OCCURS
❏
❏
32 - 55° F (0 - 13° C)
Below freezing (32° F / 0° C)
❏
Above 55° F (13° C)
CHECK ENGINE LIGHT / DASH WARNING LIGHT
❏
Sometimes ON
❏
❏
Always ON
Never ON
PECULIAR SMELLS
❏
❏
❏
"Hot"
Sulfur ("rotten egg")
Burning rubber
❏
❏
❏
Gasoline
Burning oil
Electrical
STRANGE NOISES
❏
❏
Rattle
Knock
CanOBD2&1
❏
❏
Squeak
Other
17
Preparation for Testing
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
BEFORE YOU BEGIN
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool aids in monitoring electronicand emissions-related faults in
your vehicle and retrieving fault
codes related to malfunctions in
these systems. Mechanical problems such as low oil level or
damaged hoses, wiring or electrical connectors can cause poor engine
performance and may also cause a fault code to set. Fix any known
mechanical problems before performing any test. See your vehicle’s service
manual or a mechanic for more information.
Check the following areas before starting any test:
18
„
Check the engine oil, power steering fluid, transmission fluid (if
applicable), engine coolant and other fluids for proper levels. Top off
low fluid levels if needed.
„
Make sure the air filter is clean and in good condition. Make sure all
air filter ducts are properly connected. Check the air filter ducts for
holes, rips or cracks.
„
Make sure all engine belts are in good condition. Check for cracked,
torn, brittle, loose or missing belts.
„
Make sure mechanical linkages to engine sensors (throttle, gearshift
position, transmission, etc.) are secure and properly connected. See
your vehicle’s service manual for locations.
„
Check all rubber hoses (radiator) and steel hoses (vacuum/fuel) for
leaks, cracks, blockage or other damage. Make sure all hoses are
routed and connected properly.
„
Make sure all spark plugs are clean and in good condition. Check
for damaged, loose, disconnected or missing spark plug wires.
„
Make sure the battery terminals are clean and tight. Check for
corrosion or broken connections. Check for proper battery and
charging system voltages.
„
Check all electrical wiring and harnesses for proper connection.
Make sure wire insulation is in good condition, and there are no bare
wires.
„
Make sure the engine is mechanically sound. If needed, perform a
compression check, engine vacuum check, timing check (if
applicable), etc.
CanOBD2&1
Preparation for Testing
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
VEHICLE SERVICE MANUALS
Always refer to the manufacturer’s service manual for your vehicle
before performing any test or repair procedures. Contact your local car
dealership, auto parts store or bookstore for availability of these
manuals. The following companies publish valuable repair manuals:
„
Haynes Publications
861 Lawrence Drive
Newbury Park, California 91320
Phone: 800-442-9637
„
Mitchell International
14145 Danielson Street
Poway, California 92064
Phone: 888-724-6742
„
Motor Publications
5600 Crooks Road, Suite 200
Troy, Michigan 48098
Phone: 800-426-6867
FACTORY SOURCES
Ford, GM, Chrysler, Honda, Isuzu, Hyundai and Subaru Service
Manuals
„
Helm Inc.
14310 Hamilton Avenue
Highland Park, Michigan 48203
Phone: 800-782-4356
CanOBD2&1
19
General Code Retrieval Procedures
OBD1 SYSTEMS / OBD2 SYSTEMS
Procedures for Retrieving Diagnostic Trouble Codes from OBD1
systems are vehicle manufacturer specific. Each manufacturer uses
their own procedure.
Procedures for retrieving Diagnostic Trouble Codes from OBD2 systems
are generic, and apply to all vehicles equipped with OBD2 systems.
From the following list, select the procedure that applies to your
vehicle’s OBD system, and proceed to appropriate section for detailed
code retrieval procedures.
OBD1 SYSTEMS
Most cars and light trucks (under 8500 GW) sold in the U.S. from early
1980’s to 1995 are equipped with what is known as the first generation
of On-Board Diagnostics or “OBD1”.
„
If your Chrysler/Jeep, Ford, GM or Toyota vehicle, (1995 and older)
is equipped with an ‘OBD1 System”, proceed to the proper section
as indicated below, for a detailed application list and code retrieval
procedures:
„
CHRYSLER/JEEP ............................. page 68
„
FORD ................................................. page 74
„
GM ..................................................... page 97
„
TOYOTA ............................................ page 103
OBD2 SYSTEMS
ALL 1996 and newer cars and light trucks (under 8500 GW) sold in the
U.S. are equipped with what is known as the second generation of OnBoard Diagnostics or “OBD2”.
„
20
If your vehicle (1996 and newer) is equipped with an “OBD2
System”, proceed to the OBD2 SYSTEMS section on page 20 for a
detailed application list, code retrieval procedures, Monitor status,
and Freeze Frame data information.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED
VEHICLES COVERED
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is designed to work on all OBD2
compliant vehicles. All 1996 and newer vehicles (cars and light trucks)
sold in the United States are OBD2 compliant.
Federal law requires that all 1996 and newer cars and light
trucks sold in the United States must be OBD2 compliant; this
includes all Domestic, Asian and European vehicles.
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles are OBD2 compliant. To find out if a
1994 or 1995 vehicle is OBD2 compliant, check the following:
1. The Vehicle Emissions Control Information (VECI) Label. This
label is located under the hood or by the radiator of most vehicles. If
the vehicle is OBD2 compliant, the label will state “OBD II
Certified.”
VEHICLE EMISSION CONTROL INFORMATION
ENGINE FAMILY
DISPLACEMENT
VEHICLE
MANUFACTURER
EFN2.6YBT2BA
2.6L
OBD II
CERTIFIED
THIS VEHICLE CONFORMS TO U.S. EPA AND STATE
OF CALIFORNIA REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO
1999 MODEL YEAR NEW TLEV PASSENGER CARS.
REFER TO SERVICE MANUAL FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
TUNE-UP CONDITIONS: NORMAL OPERATING ENGINE TEMPERATURE,
ACCESSORIES OFF, COOLING FAN OFF, TRANSMISSION IN NEUTRAL
EXHAUST EMISSIONS STANDARDS
CERTIFICATION
IN-USE
SPARK PLUG
TYPE NGK BPRE-11
GAP: 1.1MM
OBD II
CERTIFIED
STANDARD CATEGORY
TLEV
TLEV INTERMEDIATE
CATALYST
2. Government Regulations require that all
OBD2 compliant vehicles must have a
“common”
sixteen-pin
Data
Link
Connector (DLC).
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
9 10111213141516
Some 1994 and 1995 vehicles have 16-pin connectors but are not
OBD2 compliant. Only those vehicles with a Vehicle Emissions Control
Label stating “OBD II Certified” are OBD2 compliant.
Data Link Connector (DLC) Location
The 16-pin DLC is usually
located under the instrument
panel (dash), within 12 inches
(300 mm) of center of the panel,
on the driver’s side of most
vehicles. It should be easily
accessible and visible from a
kneeling position outside the
vehicle with the door open.
CanOBD2&1
LEFT CORNER
OF DASH
NEAR
CENTER
OF DASH
BEHIND
ASHTRAY
21
OBD2 Systems
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
On some Asian and European vehicles the DLC is located
behind the “ashtray” (the ashtray must be removed to
access it) or on the far left corner of the dash. If the DLC
cannot be located, consult the vehicle’s service manual for
the location.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are
meant to guide you to the proper
service procedure in the vehicle’s
service manual. DO NOT replace parts
based only on DTCs without first
consulting the vehicle’s service manual
for proper testing procedures for that
particular system, circuit or component.
Diagnostic Trouble
Codes (DTCs) are
codes that identify a
specific problem area.
DTCs are alphanumeric codes that are used to identify a
problem that is present in any of the systems that are
monitored by the on-board computer (PCM). Each trouble
code has an assigned message that identifies the circuit,
component or system area where the problem was found.
OBD2 diagnostic trouble codes are made up of five characters:
„
The 1st character is a letter. It identifies the “main system” where
the fault occurred (Body, Chassis, Powertrain, or Network).
„
The 2nd character is a numeric digit. It identifies the “type” of code
(Generic or Manufacturer-Specific).
Generic DTCs are codes that are used by all vehicle
manufacturers. The standards for generic DTCs, as well as
their definitions, are set by the Society of Automotive
Engineers (SAE).
Manufacturer-Specific DTCs are codes that are controlled by
the vehicle manufacturers. The Federal Government does not
require vehicle manufacturers to go beyond the standardized
generic DTCs in order to comply with the new OBD2
emissions standards. However, manufacturers are free to
expand beyond the standardized codes to make their systems
easier to diagnose.
22
„
The 3rd character is a numeric digit. It identifies the specific
system or sub-system where the problem is located.
„
The 4th and 5th characters are numeric digits. They identify the
section of the system that is malfunctioning.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
OBD2 DTC EXAMPLE
P0201 - Injector Circuit Malfunction, Cylinder 1
B
C
P
U
-
Body
Chassis
Powertrain
Network
0
1
2
3
-
Generic
Manufacturer Specific
Generic
Includes both Generic and Manufacturer
Specific Codes
P0201
Identifies the system where the
problem is located:
1 - Fuel and Air Metering
2 - Fuel and Air Metering (injector circuit
malfunction only)
3 - Ignition System or Misfire
4 - Auxiliary Emission Control System
5 - Vehicle Speed Control and Idle Control
System
6 - Computer Output Circuits
7 - Transmission
8 - Transmission
Identifies what section of the system
is malfunctioning
DTCs and MIL Status
When the vehicle’s on-board computer detects
a failure in an emissions-related component or
system, the computer’s internal diagnostic
program assigns a diagnostic trouble code
(DTC) that points to the system (and subsystem)
where the fault was found. The diagnostic
program saves the code in the computer’s
memory. It records a “Freeze Frame” of conditions present when the
fault was found, and lights the Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL). Some
faults require detection for two trips in a row before the MIL is turned on.
The “Malfunction Indicator Lamp” (MIL) is the accepted term
used to describe the lamp on the dashboard that lights to warn
the driver that an emissions-related fault has been found.
Some manufacturers may still call this lamp a “Check Engine”
or “Service Engine Soon” light.
CanOBD2&1
23
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 3 for more
information.
1. Turn the ignition OFF.
2. Locate the vehicle's 16-pin Data Link
Connector (DLC). See page 21 for
connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover
that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool cable connector.
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is ON,
turn it OFF by pressing the
POWER/LINK
button BEFORE
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool to the DLC.
3. Connect the OBD II Cable to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, then
connect to the vehicle’s DLC.
„
If you have problems connecting the cable connector to the DLC,
rotate the connector 180° and try again.
„
If you still have problems, check the
pins on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s DLC and on the vehicle’s
DLC.
4. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
cable connector is properly connected
to the vehicle’s DLC, the unit automatically turns ON, and the display shows
instructions for linking to the vehicle’s
on-board computer.
24
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
If the unit does not power on automatically when connected to
the vehicle’s DLC connector, it usually indicates there is no
power present at the vehicle’s DLC connector. Check your fuse
panel and replace any burned-out fuses.
„
If replacing the fuse(s) does not correct the problem, consult
your vehicle’s repair manual to identify the proper computer
(PCM) fuse/circuit, and perform any necessary repairs before
proceeding.
5. Turn the ignition on. DO NOT start the engine.
6. Press and release the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s POWER/LINK
button.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
automatically start a check of the
vehicle’s computer to determine
which type of communication
protocol it is using. When the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool identifies
the
computer’s
communication
protocol, a communication link is established. The protocol type used by
the vehicle’s computer is shown on
the display.
A PROTOCOL is a set of rules and procedures for
regulating data transmission between computers, and
between testing equipment and computers. As of this
writing, five different types of protocols (ISO 9141, Keyword
2000, J1850 PWM, J1850 VPW and CAN) are in use by
vehicle manufacturers. The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
automatically identifies the protocol type and establishes a
communication link with the vehicle’s computer.
7. After approximately 10~60 seconds, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
retrieve and display any Diagnostic Trouble Codes, Monitor Status
and Freeze Frame Data retrieved from the vehicle’s computer
memory.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails
to link to the vehicle’s computer a
“Linking Failed” message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display.
- Verify the connection at the DLC
and verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 5 seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
- Ensure your vehicle is OBD2 compliant. See VEHICLES
COVERED on page 21 for vehicle compliance verification
information.
CanOBD2&1
25
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
automatically re-link to the vehicle’s
computer every 30 seconds to
refresh the data being retrieved.
When data is being refreshed, the
message “One moment Auto – link
in progress” is shown on the display.
This action repeats as long as the
CanOBD2&1
Scan
Tool
is
communicating with the vehicle’s
computer.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle’s computer
memory. If no codes are present, a
“No DTC’s are presently stored in
the vehicle’s computer” message is
displayed.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is capable of retrieving and storing
up to 32 codes in memory, for immediate or later viewing.
8. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a description
of display elements.
26
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
being powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The I/M Monitor Status icons indicate the type and number of
Monitors the vehicle supports, and provide indications of the
current status of the vehicle’s Monitors. A solid Monitor icon
indicates the associated Monitor has run and completed its
testing. A blinking Monitor icon indicates the associated Monitor
has not run and completed its testing.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved, the
type of code (G = Generic; M =
Enhanced or Manufacturer specific),
and whether or not the displayed
code commanded the MIL on. If the
code being displayed is a PENDING
code, the PENDING icon is shown.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and related code definition
are shown in the lower section of the display.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
the
additional information.
If a definition for the currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
9. Read and interpret Diagnostic Trouble Codes/system condition
using the display and the green, yellow and red LEDs.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine
engine system conditions.
„
Green LED – Indicates that all
engine systems are “OK” and
operating normally. All Monitors
supported by the vehicle have run
and performed their diagnostic
testing, and no trouble codes are
present. A zero will show on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display,
and all Monitor icons will be solid.
„
Yellow LED – Indicates one of the following conditions:
A. A PENDING CODE IS PRESENT –
If the yellow LED is illuminated, it
may indicate a Pending code is
present. Check the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s display for confirmation.
A Pending code is confirmed by the
presence of a numeric code and the
word PENDING on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s display.
B. MONITOR NOT RUN STATUS – If
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display shows a zero (indicating
there are no DTC’s present in the
vehicle’s computer memory), but the
yellow LED is illuminated, it may be
an indication that some of the
Monitors supported by the vehicle
have not yet run and completed
their diagnostic testing. Check the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display for confirmation. All Monitor
icons that are blinking have not yet run and completed their
diagnostic testing; all Monitor icons that are solid have run and
completed their diagnostic testing.
CanOBD2&1
27
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
Red LED – Indicates there is a
problem with one or more of the
vehicle’s systems. The red LED is
also used to indicate that DTC(s)
are present (displayed on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s screen).
In this case, the Malfunction
Indicator (Check Engine) lamp on
the vehicle’s instrument panel will
be illuminated.
„
DTC’s that start with “P0”, “P2” and
some “P3” are considered Generic
(Universal). All Generic DTC
definitions are the same on all
OBD2 equipped vehicles. The
CanOBD2&1
Scan
Tool
automatically displays the code
definitions for Generic DTC’s.
If the Generic definition for the
currently displayed code is not
available, an advisory message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s display.
„
DTC’s that start with “P1” and some
“P3” are Manufacturer specific codes
and their code definitions vary with
each vehicle manufacturer. When a
Manufacturer specific DTC is
retrieved, the LCD display shows a
list of vehicle manufacturers. Use the
UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight the appropriate manufacturer, then press the
ENTER/LD
button to display the
correct code definition for your vehicle.
If the manufacturer for your vehicle is not listed, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Other
button for
manufacturer and press the ENTER/LD
additional DTC information.
If the Manufacturer Specific
definition
for
the
currently
displayed code is not available, an
advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
10. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
28
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
Each time the DTC SCROLL
button is pressed and
released, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will scroll and display the
next DTC in sequence until all DTCs in its memory have
displayed.
„
Freeze Frame Data (if available) will display after DTC #1.
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional
codes, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s communication link
with the vehicle’s computer disconnects. To re-establish
communication, press the POWER/LINK
button again.
„
In OBD2 systems, when an
emissions-related engine malfunction occurs that causes a DTC to set,
a record or snapshot of engine
conditions at the time that the
malfunction occurred is also saved
in the vehicle’s computer memory.
The record saved is called Freeze
Frame
data.
Saved
engine
conditions include, but are not limited to: engine speed, open or
closed loop operation, fuel system commands, coolant
temperature, calculated load value, fuel pressure, vehicle speed,
air flow rate, and intake manifold pressure.
If more than one malfunction is present that causes more
than one DTC to be set, only the code with the highest
priority will contain Freeze Frame data. The code
designated “01” on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display is
referred to as the PRIORITY code, and Freeze Frame data
always refers to this code. The priority code is also the one
that has commanded the MIL on.
Retrieved information can be uploaded to a Personal
Computer (PC) with the use of an optional “PC Link Kit.”
See instructions included with PC-Link program for more
information.
11. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
SCROLL
button is pressed, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool enters
the “enhanced” mode.
„
See VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs on page 30 to view enhanced
DTCs for your vehicle.
„
If you do not wish to view enhanced DTCs, press the DTC
SCROLL
button to return to the OBD2 DTC screen.
If a Manufacturer specific DTC was returned during the code
retrieval process, and the manufacturer selected for the code
was not Chrysler, Jeep, Ford, Mazda, General Motors or
Isuzu, pressing the DTC SCROLL
button after display of
the last retrieved DTC returns the screen to the first retrieved
DTC (the Enhanced DTC menu is not displayed).
CanOBD2&1
29
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
12. Determine engine system(s) condition by viewing the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s display for any retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes,
code definitions, Freeze Frame data and interpreting the green,
yellow and red LEDs.
„
If DTC’s were retrieved and you are going to perform the repairs
yourself, proceed by consulting the Vehicle’s Service Repair
Manual for testing instructions, testing procedures, and flow
charts related to retrieved code(s).
„
If you plan to take the vehicle to a professional to have it
serviced, complete the PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC
WORKSHEET on page 15 and take it together with the retrieved
codes, freeze frame data and LED information to aid in the
troubleshooting procedure.
„
To prolong battery life, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool automatically
shuts “Off” approximately three minutes after it is disconnected
from the vehicle. The DTCs retrieved, Monitor Status and
Freeze Frame data (if any) will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s memory, and may be viewed at any time by turning the
unit “On”. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s batteries are removed,
or if the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is re-linked to a vehicle to
retrieve codes/data, any prior codes/data in its memory are
automatically cleared.
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
Following the code retrieval procedure (see CODE RETRIEVAL
PROCEDURE on page 24), when the last retrieved DTC has been
displayed and the DTC SCROLL
button is pressed, the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool enters the “enhanced” mode. The “enhanced” mode provides
the ability to retrieve enhanced DTCs from most Chrysler/Jeep,
Ford/Mazda, GM/Isuzu, Honda/Acura and Toyota/Lexus vehicles. The
types of enhanced data available depends on the vehicle make.
The screen shown when the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool enters the
“enhanced” mode depends on the type(s) of DTC(s) returned during the
code retrieval process:
„
If no DTCs were retrieved, or only
generic DTCs were retrieved, the
Enhanced DTCs Main menu displays.
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as
necessary,
to
highlight
the
appropriate manufacturer, then press
the ENTER/LD
button to display the
Enhanced menu for the selected vehicle
manufacturer.
If the manufacturer of the vehicle from which codes were
button
retrieved is not listed, press the DTC SCROLL
to return to the OBD2 DTC screen. Enhanced data is not
available for your vehicle.
30
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
„
If a Manufacturer specific DTC was
retrieved, and the manufacturer selected
for the code was Chrysler, Jeep, Ford,
Mazda, General Motors, Isuzu, Honda,
Acura, Toyota or Lexus, a confirmation
message displays. Press the ENTER/LD
button to display the Enhanced
menu
for
the
selected
vehicle
manufacturer, or, press the DTC
SCROLL
button to return to the OBD2 DTC screen.
„
If a Manufacturer specific DTC was retrieved, and the manufacturer
selected for the code was not Chrysler, Jeep, Ford, Mazda, General
Motors, Isuzu, Honda, Acura, Toyota or Lexus, the “enhanced”
mode is bypassed, and the OBD2 DTC screen shows the first code
retrieved. Enhanced data is not available for your vehicle.
Refer to the appropriate paragraph to view enhanced data for your vehicle:
„
„
„
„
„
Chrysler/Jeep.........................................
Ford/Mazda............................................
GM/Isuzu................................................
Honda/Acura ..........................................
Toyota/Lexus .........................................
page 31
page 33
page 34
page 36
page 37
Chrysler/Jeep Enhanced DTCs
When Chrysler/Jeep is selected from the Enhanced DTCs Main menu,
the Chrysler Enhanced menu displays. You may view either “Engine
DTCs” or “Transmission DTCs.”
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
option, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
Transmission DTCs are not supported on most Chrysler/Jeep vehicles manufactured prior to 2002.
„
A “One moment please” message displays while the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
link to the vehicle’s computer, a
“Linking Failed” message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
-
Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a
description of LCD display elements.
CanOBD2&1
31
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
being powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle’s computer
memory. If no codes are present, a
“No Enhanced DTC’s are presently
stored in the vehicle’s computer” is
displayed. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the Chrysler
Enhanced menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s communication link with the
vehicle’s computer disconnects. To re-establish communication,
press the LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns
SCROLL
to the Chrysler Enhanced menu.
32
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Exit from the Chrysler
Enhanced menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns to the OBD2 DTC screen.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
Ford/Mazda Enhanced DTCs
Mazda Enhanced DTCs are available for Mazda-branded
Ford vehicles only.
When Ford/Mazda is selected from the Enhanced DTCs Main menu,
the Ford/Mazda Enhanced menu displays. You may view DTCs for
either the “Continuous Memory Test”, “KOEO (Key On Engine Off) Test”
or “KOER (Key On Engine Running) Test.”
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight the desired option,
then press the ENTER/LD
button.
When choosing to view KOER
Test DTCs, start the vehicle’s
engine before making your
selection.
„
A “One moment please” message displays, while
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
link to the vehicle’s computer, a
“Linking Failed” message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s Display.
the
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
„
If the KOER Test was selected, and
the vehicle’s engine is not running,
an advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
- Start the vehicle’s engine, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a
description of LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
being powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are shown in
the lower section of the LCD display.
CanOBD2&1
33
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will display
a code only if codes are present in the
vehicle’s computer memory. If no codes
are present, a “No Enhanced DTC’s are
presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer” is displayed. Press the
ENTER/LD
button to return to the
Ford/Mazda Enhanced menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s communication link with the
vehicle’s computer disconnects. To re-establish communication,
press the LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
button is pressed, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns
SCROLL
to the Ford/Mazda Enhanced menu.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Exit from the Ford/Mazda
Enhanced menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns to the OBD2 DTC screen.
General Motors/Isuzu Enhanced DTCs
When GM/Isuzu is selected from the Enhanced DTCs Main menu, the
GM/Isuzu Enhanced menu displays. You may view the “MIL DTC”,
“Current DTC”, “Fail Since Clear DTC” or “History DTC.”
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
option, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
34
A “One moment please” message
displays while the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool retrieves the selected DTCs.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
link to the vehicle’s computer, a
“Linking Failed” message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a
description of LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
being powered through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
linked to (communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the
display shows the number of the
code currently being displayed, the
total number of codes retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle’s computer
memory. If no codes are present, a
“No Enhanced DTC’s are presently
stored in the vehicle’s computer” is
displayed. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the GM Enhanced
menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s communication link with the
vehicle’s computer disconnects. To re-establish communication,
press the LINK
button again.
CanOBD2&1
35
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
SCROLL
button is pressed, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns
to the GM/Isuzu Enhanced menu.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Exit from the GM/Isuzu
Enhanced menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool returns to the OBD2 DTC screen.
Honda/Acura Enhanced DTCs
When Honda/Acura is selected from the
Enhanced DTCs Main menu, the Honda
Acura Enhanced menu displays. Depending
on the protocol used to communicate with
your vehicle, the Honda/Acura Enhanced
menu provides options to view:
„
Permanent DTCs or Temporary DTCs
„
Confirmed DTCs or History DTCs
1. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
option, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
A “One moment please” message
displays while the Scan Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Scan Tool fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the Scan
Tool’s display.
-
Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a description
of LCD display elements.
36
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Scan Tool is being powered
through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Scan Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper right hand corner of the display shows the number of
the code currently being displayed, the total number of codes
retrieved.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
I/M MONITOR STATUS
icons are not displayed
when viewing enhanced
DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
„
The Scan Tool will display a code only
if codes are present in the vehicle’s
computer memory. If no codes are
present, a “No Enhanced DTC’s are
presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer” is displayed. Press the
ENTER/LD
button to return to the
Honda/Acura Enhanced menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
„
Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes,
the Scan Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s computer
disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the LINK
button again.
4. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
SCROLL
button is pressed, the Scan Tool returns to the
Honda/Acura Enhanced menu.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4, above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Exit from the Honda/Acura
Enhanced menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The
Scan Tool returns to the OBD2 DTC screen.
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced DTCs
When Toyota/Lexus is selected from the
Enhanced
DTCs
Main
menu,
the
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced menu displays.
Depending on the protocol used to
communicate with your vehicle, the
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced menu provides
options to view:
CanOBD2&1
37
OBD2 Systems
VIEWING ENHANCED DTCs
„
Current DTCs or History DTCs
„
Current DTCs, Historical DTCs or Readiness DTCs
and DOWN
buttons,
1. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight the desired
option, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
A “One moment please” message
displays, while the Scan Tool
retrieves the selected DTCs.
„
If the Scan Tool fails to link to the
vehicle’s computer, a “Linking
Failed” message shows on the Scan
Tool’s Display.
- Verify the ignition is ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button
to continue.
2. To read the display:
Refer to DISPLAY FUNCTIONS on page 12 for a description
of LCD display elements.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Scan Tool is being powered
through the vehicle’s DLC connector.
„
A visible
icon indicates that the Scan Tool is linked to
(communicating with) the vehicle’s computer.
„
The upper
the display
the code
played, the
retrieved.
„
The Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC)
and related code definition are
shown in the lower section of the
LCD display.
right hand corner of
shows the number of
currently being distotal number of codes
I/M MONITOR STATUS icons are not displayed when
viewing enhanced DTCs.
In the case of long code definitions, or when viewing
Freeze Frame data, a small arrow is shown in the
upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area
to indicate the presence of additional information. Use
the
and
buttons, as necessary, to view the
additional information.
38
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
„
The Scan Tool will display a code only if
codes are present in the vehicle’s
computer memory. If no codes are
present, a “No Enhanced DTC’s are
presently stored in the vehicle’s
computer” is displayed. Press the
ENTER/LD
button to return to the
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced menu.
3. If more than one code was retrieved press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
4. Whenever the Scroll function is used to view additional codes, the
Scan Tool’s communication link with the vehicle’s computer
disconnects. To re-establish communication, press the LINK
button again.
5. When the last retrieved DTC has been displayed and the DTC
SCROLL
button is pressed, the Scan Tool returns to the
Toyota/Lexus Enhanced menu.
„
To view additional enhanced DTCs, repeat steps 1 through 4,
above.
„
To exit the enhanced mode, use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select Exit from the Toyota/Lexus
Enhanced menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The
Scan Tool returns to the OBD2 DTC screen.
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s ERASE function is
used to erase DTCs from the vehicle's on-board computer,
"Freeze Frame" data and manufacturer-specific enhanced
data are also erased.
If you plan to take the vehicle to a Service Center for repair, DO NOT
erase the codes from the vehicle's computer. If the codes are erased,
valuable information that might help the technician troubleshoot the
problem will also be erased.
Erase DTCs from the computer's memory as follows:
When DTCs are erased from the vehicle's computer memory,
the I/M Readiness Monitor Status program resets the status of
all Monitors to a not run "flashing" condition. To set all of the
Monitors to a DONE status, an OBD2 Drive Cycle must be
performed. Refer to your vehicle's service manual for
information on how to perform an OBD2 Drive Cycle for the
vehicle under test.
CanOBD2&1
39
OBD2 Systems
ERASING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool must
be connected to the vehicle’s DLC
to erase the codes from the
computer’s memory. If you press
the ERASE
button when the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is not
connected to the vehicle’s DLC, the
erase instruction screen displays.
The Erase function can be performed only from the OBD2
DTC screen. The Erase function cannot be performed while
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is in “enhanced” mode.
1. If not connected already, connect the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the vehicle's
DLC, and turn the ignition "On.” (If the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is already
connected and linked to the vehicle's
computer, proceed directly to step 4. If
not, continue to step 2.)
2. Turn the ignition ON. DO NOT start the
engine. Press and release the
POWER/LINK
button to establish
communication with the vehicle's
computer.
3. Press and release the ERASE
button. A confirmation message shows
on the LCD display.
- If you are sure you want to proceed
press the ERASE
button again to
erase DTCs from the vehicle’s
computer.
- If you do not want to continue with the erase process, press the
POWER/LINK
button to exit the erase mode.
4. If you chose to erase DTCs, a progress
screen displays while the erase function
is in progress.
40
„
If the erase was successful, a
confirmation message shows on the
display. Press the POWER/LINK
button to return to the DTC
screen.
„
If the erase was not successful, an
advisory message shows on the
display. Verify that the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool is properly connected to
the vehicle’s DLC and that the
ignition is on, then repeat steps 2
and 3, above.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
Erasing DTCs does not fix the problem(s) that caused the
code(s) to be set. If proper repairs to correct the problem that
caused the code(s) to be set are not made, the code(s) will
appear again (and the check engine light will illuminate) as
soon as the vehicle is driven long enough for its Monitors to
complete their testing.
I/M READINESS TESTING
I/M is an Inspection and Maintenance program legislated by the
Government to meet federal clean-air standards.
The program requires that a vehicle be taken periodically to an
Emissions Station for an "Emissions Test" or "Smog Check,” where the
emissions-related components and systems are inspected and tested
for proper operation. Emissions Tests are generally performed once a
year, or once every two years.
On OBD2 systems, the I/M program is enhanced by requiring vehicles
to meet stricter test standards. One of the tests instituted by the Federal
Government is called I/M 240. On I/M 240, the vehicle under test is
driven under different speeds and load conditions on a dynamometer for
240 seconds, while the vehicle's emissions are measured.
Emissions tests vary depending on the geographic or regional
area in which the vehicle is registered. If the vehicle is
registered in a highly urbanized area, the I/M 240 is probably
the type of test required. If the vehicle is registered in a rural
area, the stricter “dynamometer type” test may not be required.
I/M Readiness Monitors
I/M Readiness shows whether the various emissions-related systems on
the vehicle are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
State and Federal Governments enacted Regulations, Procedures and
Emission Standards to ensure that all emissions-related components
and systems are continuously or periodically monitored, tested and
diagnosed whenever the vehicle is in operation. It also requires vehicle
manufacturers to automatically detect and report any problems or faults
that may increase the vehicle's emissions to an unacceptable level.
The vehicle's emissions control system consists of several components
or sub-systems (Oxygen Sensor, Catalytic Converter, EGR, Fuel
System, etc.) that aid in reducing vehicle emissions.
To have an efficient Vehicle Emission Control System, all the emissionsrelated components and systems must work correctly whenever the
vehicle is in operation.
To comply with State and Federal Government regulations, vehicle
manufacturers designed a series of special computer programs called
"Monitors" that are programmed into the vehicle's computer. Each of
these Monitors is specifically designed to run tests and diagnostics on a
specific emissions-related component or system (Oxygen Sensor,
CanOBD2&1
41
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
Catalytic Converter, EGR Valve, Fuel System, etc.) to ensure their
proper operation. Currently, there are a maximum of eleven Monitors
available for use.
Each Monitor has a specific function to test and diagnose only its
designated emissions-related component or system. The names
of the Monitors (Oxygen Sensor Monitor, Catalyst Monitor, EGR
Monitor, Misfire Monitor, etc.) describe which component or
system each Monitor is designed to test and diagnose.
Emissions Inspection and Maintenance (I/M) Readiness
Monitor Status Information
I/M Readiness Monitor Status shows which of the vehicle's Monitors
have run and completed their diagnosis and testing, and which ones
have not yet run and completed testing and diagnosis of their
designated sections of the vehicle's emissions system.
„
If a Monitor was able to meet all the conditions required to enable it
to perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine
system, it means the monitor "HAS RUN.”
„
If a Monitor has not yet met all the conditions required for it to
perform the self-diagnosis and testing of its assigned engine system;
it means the Monitor "HAS NOT RUN.”
The Monitor Run/Not Run status does not show whether
or not a problem exists in a system. Monitor status only
indicates whether a particular Monitor has or has not run
and performed the self-diagnosis and testing of its
associated system.
Performing I/M Readiness Quick Check
When a vehicle first comes from the factory, all Monitors
indicate a “HAVE RUN” status. This indicates that all Monitors
have run and completed their diagnostic testing. The “HAVE
RUN” status remains in the computer's memory, unless the
Diagnostic Trouble Codes are erased or the vehicle's
computer memory is cleared.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool allows you to retrieve Monitor/System
Status Information to help you determine if the vehicle is ready for an
Emissions Test (Smog Check). In addition to retrieving Diagnostic
Trouble Codes, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool also retrieves Monitor
Run/Not Run status. This information is very important since different
areas of the state/country have different emissions laws and regulations
concerning Monitor Run/Not Run status.
Before an Emissions Test (Smog Check) can be performed, your
vehicle must meet certain rules, requirements and procedures legislated
by the Federal and state (country) governments where you live.
42
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
1. In most areas, one of the requirements that must be met before a
vehicle is allowed to be Emissions Tested (Smog Checked) is that
the vehicle does not have any Diagnostic Trouble Codes present
(with the exception of PENDING Diagnostic Trouble Codes).
2. In addition to the requirement that no Diagnostic Trouble Codes be
present, some areas also require that all the Monitors that a
particular vehicle supports indicate a "Has Run" status condition
before an Emissions Check may be performed.
3. Other areas may only require that some (but not all) Monitors
indicate a "Has Run" status before an Emissions Test (Smog Check)
may be performed.
Monitors with a "Has Run" status indicate that all the
required conditions they needed to perform diagnosis and
testing of their assigned engine area (system) have been
met, and all diagnostic testing has completed
successfully.
Monitors with a "Has Not Run" status have not yet met the
conditions they need to perform diagnosis and testing of
their assigned engine area (system), and have not been
able to perform diagnostic testing on that system.
The green, yellow and red LEDs provide a quick way to help you
determine if a vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
Follow the instructions below to perform the Quick Check.
Perform the CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE as described on page
24, then interpret the LED indications as follows:
Interpreting I/M Readiness Test Results
1. GREEN LED - Indicates that all engine
systems are "OK" and operating normally
(all Monitors supported by the vehicle have
run and performed their self-diagnostic
testing). The vehicle is ready for an
Emissions Test (Smog Check), and there is
a good possibility that it can be certified.
2. YELLOW LED - Determine from the CODE RETRIEVAL
PROCEDURE (page 24) which of the two possible conditions is
causing the yellow LED to light.
„
If a "PENDING" Diagnostic Trouble
Code is causing the yellow LED to
light, it is possible that the vehicle
will be allowed to be tested for
emissions and certified. Currently,
most areas (states) will allow an
Emissions Test (Smog Check) to be
performed if the only code in the
vehicle's computer is a "PENDING"
Diagnostic Trouble Code.
CanOBD2&1
43
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
„
If the illumination of the Yellow LED is
being caused by monitors that “have
not run” their diagnostic testing, then
the issue of the vehicle being ready for
an Emissions Test (Smog Check)
depends on the emissions regulations
and laws of your local area.
- Some areas require that all Monitors indicate a "Has Run"
status before they allow an Emissions Test (Smog Check) to
be performed. Other areas only require that some, but not all,
Monitors have run their self-diagnostic testing before an
Emissions Test (Smog Check) may be performed.
From the code retrieval procedure, determine the status of
each Monitor (a solid Monitor icon shows Monitor "Has Run"
status, a flashing Monitor icon indicates "Has Not Run" status).
Take this information to an emissions professional to
determine (based on your test results) if your vehicle is ready
for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
3. RED LED - Indicates there is a problem
with one or more of the vehicle's
systems. A vehicle displaying a red LED
is definitely not ready for an Emissions
Test (Smog Check). The red LED is
also an indication that there are
Diagnostic Trouble Code(s) present
(displayed on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's
screen).
The
Malfunction
Indicator (Check Engine) Lamp on the
vehicle's instrument panel will light steady. The problem that is
causing the red LED to light must be repaired before an Emissions
Test (Smog Check) can be performed. It is also suggested that the
vehicle be inspected/repaired before driving the vehicle further.
If the Red LED was obtained, there is a definite problem present in
the system(s). In these cases, you have the following options.
„
Repair the vehicle yourself. If you are going to perform the
repairs yourself, proceed by reading the vehicle service manual
and following all its procedures and recommendations.
„
Take the vehicle to a professional to have it serviced. The
problem(s) causing the red LED to light must be repaired before
the vehicle is ready for an Emissions Test (Smog Check).
Using the I/M Readiness Monitor Status to Confirm a Repair
The I/M Readiness Monitor Status function can be used (after repair of a
fault has been performed) to confirm that the repair has been performed
correctly, and/or to check for Monitor Run Status. Use the following
procedure to determine I/M Readiness Monitor Status:
44
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
1. Using retrieved Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) and code
definitions as a guide, and following manufacturer's repair
procedures, repair the fault or faults as instructed.
2. After the fault or faults have been repaired, connect the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the vehicle's DLC and erase the code or
codes from the vehicle's computer memory.
„
See page 36 for procedures for ERASING DIAGNOSTIC
TROUBLE CODES (DTCs) from the vehicle's on-board
computer.
„
Write the codes down on a piece of paper for reference before
erasing.
3. After the erase procedure is performed, most of the Monitor icons on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display will be flashing. Leave the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool connected to the vehicle, and perform a
Trip Drive Cycle for each "flashing" Monitor:
Misfire, Fuel and Comprehensive Component Monitors run
continuously and their icons will always be on solid, even after
the erase function is performed.
„
Each DTC is associated with a specific Monitor. Consult the
vehicle's service manual to identify the Monitor (or Monitors)
associated with the faults that were repaired. Follow the
manufacturer's procedures to perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the
appropriate Monitors.
„
While observing the Monitor icons on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s display, perform a Trip Drive Cycle for the appropriate
Monitor or Monitors.
WARNING: If the vehicle needs to be driven in order to perform a
Trip Drive Cycle, ALWAYS have a second person help you. One
person should drive the vehicle while the other person observes the
Monitor icons on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool for Monitor RUN status.
Trying to drive and observe the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool at the same
time is dangerous, and could cause a serious traffic accident.
4. When a Monitor's Trip Drive Cycle is performed properly, the
Monitor icon on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display changes from
"flashing" to "solid,” indicating that the Monitor has run and finished
its diagnostic testing.
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash is not
lit, and no stored or pending codes associated with that
particular Monitor are present in the vehicle's computer, the
repair was successful.
„
If, after the Monitor has run, the MIL on the vehicle's dash lights
and/or a DTC associated with that Monitor is present in the
vehicle's computer, the repair was unsuccessful. Refer to the
vehicle's service manual and recheck repair procedures.
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is a special diagnostic tool that
communicates with the vehicle's computer. The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
lets you view and/or "capture" (record) "real-time" Live Data. This
information includes values (volts, rpm, temperature, speed etc.) and
CanOBD2&1
45
OBD2 Systems
I/M READINESS TESTING
system status information (open loop, closed loop, fuel system status,
etc.) generated by the various vehicle sensors, switches and actuators.
In effect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool lets you view, in "real time", the
same signal values generated by the sensors, actuators, switches
and/or vehicle system status information used by the vehicle's computer
when calculating and conducting system adjustments and corrections.
The real time (Live Data) vehicle operating information (values/status) that
the computer supplies to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool for each sensor,
actuator, switch, etc. is called Parameter Identification (PID) Data.
Each PID (sensor, actuator switch, status, etc.) has a set of operating
characteristics and features (parameters) that serve to identify it. The
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool displays this information for each sensor,
actuator, switch or status that is supported by the vehicle under test.
WARNING: If the vehicle must be driven in order to perform a
troubleshooting procedure, ALWAYS have a second person help you.
One person should drive the vehicle while the other person observes
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool data. Trying to drive and operate the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool at the same time is dangerous, and could
cause a serious traffic accident.
46
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Live Data Mode
VIEWING LIVE DATA
VIEWING LIVE DATA
1. Follow steps 1 through 7 of the CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
(page 24) to place the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in "Code Retrieval"
mode.
2. Press and release the ENTER/LD
button to place the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool in "Live Data" mode.
3. Real-time Live Data (PID) information
supported by the vehicle under test
displays.
Remember, what you are viewing is "real-time" Live Data. The
values (volts, rpm, temperature, vehicle speed, system status
etc) for the various PIDS displayed may change as the
vehicle's operating conditions change.
4. A vehicle usually supports several PIDs, however, only a limited
amount of PID data can be displayed on the screen at one time. If
additional PID data is available, a small arrow will be shown on the
display. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to
scroll up or down to view all available PID data.
„
If communication with the vehicle is lost
while viewing Live Data, a Communication Lost" message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
5. If you experience vehicle problems, view
and/or compare the Live Data (PID)
information displayed on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool to specifications in the vehicle's
repair manual.
If desired, you can "customize" the Live Data display to show
only those PIDs you are interested in viewing. See
Customizing Live Data (PIDs) below for details. You may
also choose to "capture" (record) Live Data for later viewing.
See RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA on page 49 for
details.
6. You can toggle back and forth between the DTC screen (to view
DTCs) and Live Data screen (to view PIDs) by alternately pressing
and releasing the DTC SCROLL
and the ENTER/LD
buttons once (the unit will stay linked to the vehicle while toggling
between modes). If the DTC SCROLL
button is pressed twice,
then the screen will scroll to the next DTC and the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool will be taken out of link.
When toggling from the Live Data to the DTC screen a “One
moment please...” message will temporarily display, followed
by the DTC screen.
CanOBD2&1
47
OBD2 Live Data Mode
CUSTOMIZING LIVE DATA (PIDs)
CUSTOMIZING LIVE DATA (PIDs)
This feature lets you customize the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool display to
show only those PIDs that are of interest at the current time. You can
customize the Live Data display by placing the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
in "Custom Live Data" mode and selecting only the PIDs that you wish
to display. To customize the Live Data display, proceed as follows:
1. With the CanOBD1&1 Scan Tool in
"Live Data" mode (see VIEWING LIVE
DATA on page 47 for details), press and
hold the ENTER/LD
button until the
"Mode Selection Menu" appears.
and DOWN
buttons,
2. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight Live Data
Menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Live Data Menu" displays.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Custom Live Data,
button.
then press the ENTER/LD
„
The "Custom Live Data" menu
displays, with the first PID in the
menu highlighted.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons
to scroll through the available PIDs.
When the PID you wish to display is
highlighted, press the ENTER/LD
button to select it (a "checkmark" will
show in the checkbox to the right of the
PID to confirm your selection). Repeat
the procedure until only the PIDs you
want to display have all been selected.
„
To deselect a currently selected PID, highlight the PID, then
press the ENTER/LD
button. The checkmark will be
removed from the checkbox.
5. When you are finished making your selection(s), scroll to the end of
the PID list and highlight the word DONE, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
48
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is now in "Custom Live Data" mode.
Only the PIDs you selected are shown on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tools display.
„
To toggle between the "Custom Live Data" display and the full
button.
Live Data display, momentarily press the ENTER/LD
„
To exit the "Custom Live Data" mode, press and hold the
ENTER/LD
button until the “Mode Selection Menu” displays.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Live Data Mode
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA
You can record and save several frames of Live Data information for
each PID supported by the vehicle in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory. Recorded Live Data can serve as valuable information to help
you in the troubleshooting of vehicle problems.
There are two ways that the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool can "record" Live
Data:
„
Record by DTC Trigger
„
Record by Manual Trigger
If the POWER/LINK
button is pressed at any time while in
Live Data mode, any stored (recorded) Live Data will be
cleared (erased) from the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s memory.
Record by DTC Trigger
This function automatically records (captures) Live Data information
when a DTC sets and saves it in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s memory.
The recorded (captured) data can be a valuable troubleshooting aid,
particularly if you are experiencing a fault that is causing a DTC to set.
1. With the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in
"Live Data" mode (see VIEWING LIVE
DATA on page 47 for details), press and
hold the ENTER/LD
button until the
"Mode Selection Menu" appears.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Live Data
Menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Live Data Menu" displays.
and DOWN
buttons,
3. Use the UP
as necessary, to highlight Record Live
Data, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Record Live Data Menu" displays.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Record by
DTC trigger, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
5. When the "Record by DTC Trigger" screen displays, select the
desired trigger point as follows:
CanOBD2&1
49
OBD2 Live Data Mode
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is capable of recording
approximately 20 frames of Live Data. Record by DTC
trigger lets you select the point in time at which you wish
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to begin recording Live Data.
You can set the trigger point to record the 20 frames of
data before an event (when the DTC sets), after the event,
or in the middle (10 frames before and 10 frames after the
event.
„
Beginning - records approximately
20 frames of Live Data after the
DTC sets.
„
Middle - records approximately 10
frames of Live Data before and 10
frames after the DTC sets.
„
End - records approximately 20
frames of Live Data before the DTC
sets.
6. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select the
desired trigger point, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
A "One moment please. . ."
message shows on the display.
When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
ready to record Live Data, the
"Record Live Data" screen displays.
7. Put the engine in the operating condition
that causes the DTC to set.
„
If necessary, drive the vehicle until you reach the vehicle speed
at which the problem occurs.
8. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool detects a fault that causes a DTC
to set, it automatically records and saves approximately 20 frames
of Live Data information in its memory (according to your trigger
selection) for each PID supported by the vehicle.
50
„
All three LEDs will blink for three
seconds to indicate that Live Data is
being recorded, and a "One moment
please..." message shows on the
display.
„
When recording is complete, a
confirmation screen displays, asking
if you would like to view the
and
recorded data. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to
DOWN
select Yes or No, as desired, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Live Data Mode
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA
If Yes is selected, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool enters
"Playback" mode from which you can view a frame-by-frame
playback of recorded Live Data (see LIVE DATA PLAYBACK
on page 53 for details). If No is selected, the display returns to
the "Live Data View" mode.
9. You can exit the "Record Live Data Mode" at any time by pressing
and holding the ENTER/LD
button until the "Mode Selection
Menu" displays.
If desired, you can transfer the recorded Live Data information
to a personal computer using the optional PC-LINK program
(see instructions included with PC-Link for more information).
Record by Manual Trigger
This option lets you select the precise time at which the Live Data
recording will occur. Record by Manual Trigger can be a very valuable
diagnostic tool when troubleshooting intermittent problems that do not
meet the requirements for a DTC to set. Even though a DTC is not
present, the intermittent problems will sometimes manifest themselves
briefly, for a few fractions of a second and/or only at certain vehicle
speeds or vehicle operating conditions.
1. With the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in
"Live Data" mode (see VIEWING LIVE
DATA on page 47 for details), press and
hold the ENTER/LD
button until the
"Mode Selection Menu" appears.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Live Data
Menu, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Live Data Menu" displays.
3. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Record Live
Data, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Record Live Data Menu" displays.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Record by
manual trigger, then press the
ENTER/LD
button.
5. When the "Record by Manual Trigger" screen displays, select the
desired trigger point as follows:
CanOBD2&1
51
OBD2 Live Data Mode
RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is capable of recording
approximately 20 frames of Live Data. Record by DTC trigger
lets you select the point in time at which you wish the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to begin recording Live Data. You can
set the trigger point to record the 20 frames of data before an
event (when the DTC was set), after the event, or in the middle
(10 frames before and 10 frames after the event.
„
Beginning - records approximately
20 frames of Live Data after the
ENTER/LD
button was pressed.
„
Middle - records approximately 10
frames of Live Data before and 10
frames after the ENTER/LD
button was pressed.
„
End - records approximately 20 frames of Live Data before the
ENTER/LD
button was pressed.
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to select the
6. Use the UP
desired trigger point, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
A "One moment please. . ."
message shows on the display.
When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
ready to record Live Data, the
"Record Live Data" screen displays.
7. Put the engine in the operating condition
where the problem manifests itself.
„
If necessary, drive the vehicle until you reach the vehicle speed
at which the problem occurs.
8. When the problem occurs, press and
button.
release the ENTER/LD
„
All three LEDs will blink for three
seconds to indicate that Live Data is
being recorded, and a "One moment
please. . ." message shows on the
display.
„
When recording is complete, a
confirmation screen displays, asking
if you would like to view the
and
recorded data. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to
DOWN
select Yes or No, as desired, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
If Yes is selected, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool enters "Playback" mode
from which you can view a frame-by-frame playback of recorded Live
Data (see LIVE DATA PLAYBACK on page 53 for details). If No is
selected, the display returns to the "Live Data View" mode.
52
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Live Data Mode
LIVE DATA PLAYBACK
9. You can exit the "Record Live Data Mode" at any time by pressing
and holding the ENTER/LD
button until the "Mode Selection
Menu" displays.
If desired, you can transfer the recorded Live Data information
to a personal computer using the optional PC-LINK program
(see instructions included with PC-Link for more information).
Important Information
1. When Live Data capture is complete, the green, yellow and red LEDs
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will flash four times to indicate that
Live Data is being saved to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's memory.
2. When you are LINKED to a vehicle and you are in the “Live Data
View mode”, you can toggle between “Live Data View” mode and
“DTC view” mode by alternately pressing and releasing the DTC
SCROLL
or the ENTER/LD
buttons. The CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool will stay linked to the vehicle’s computer during this
process. However, if the DTC SCROLL
button is pressed twice
the DTC screen will be advanced to the next DTC screen and the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will be taken out of link.
LIVE DATA PLAYBACK
Once Live Data has been recorded, it is saved in the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's memory. You can view recorded Live Data immediately after
recording by selecting Yes from the Record Live Data confirmation
screen (see RECORDING (CAPTURING) LIVE DATA on page 49 for
more information), or you can view it later using the "Playback" function.
1. If the Code Reader is connected to a vehicle:
„
With the CanOBD1&1 Scan Tool in
"Live Data" mode (see VIEWING
LIVE DATA on page 47 for details),
press and hold the ENTER/LD
button until the "Mode Selection
Menu" appears.
„
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Live Data Menu, then press the
ENTER/LD
button. The "Live
Data Menu" displays.
„
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
Playback Live Data, then press the
ENTER/LD
button.
CanOBD2&1
53
OBD2 Live Data Mode
LIVE DATA PLAYBACK
2. If the Code Reader is not connected to
a vehicle:
„
With the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool not
connected to a vehicle, press the
POWER/LINK
button. The “To
Link” screen shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
Press the DOWN
button for
instructions to view DTCs in
memory.
„
Press the ENTER/LD
button.
The “Select OBD System” screen
displays.
„
Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as necessary, to highlight
OBD2 Vehicle, then press the
ENTER/LD
button. The display
shows the first DTC stored in the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s memory.
„
Press the ENTER/LD
button to
place the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in
"Live Data Playback" mode.
3. The display shows the recorded Live Data, beginning with the
"trigger" frame.
When you select Yes from the
Record Live Data confirmation
screen, the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool enters the "Live Data
Playback" mode, and the display
shows the recorded Live Data,
beginning with the "trigger" frame.
54
„
A vehicle usually supports several PIDs, however, only a
limited amount of PID data can be displayed on the screen at
one time. If additional PID data is available, a small arrow will
and DOWN
be shown on the display. Use the UP
buttons, as necessary, to scroll up or down to view all available
PID data.
„
When viewing recorded Live Data, look for any irregularities in
any of the PID values/signal information (LTFT %, RPM, MAP,
TEMP, etc.). If any PIDs are not within specification, or
irregularities are detected, follow the procedures in the vehicle's
service repair manual to perform additional troubleshooting and
repair.
CanOBD2&1
OBD2 Live Data Mode
LIVE DATA PLAYBACK
When recorded Live Data is
played back, all available PIDs are
shown, even if you have customized the Live Data selections.
If there is no Live Data currently
stored in the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's memory, an advisory
message shows on the display.
Press the DTC SCROLL
button to exit the "Live Data
Playback" mode.
4. When you have viewed all PID information for the current frame of
Live Data, use the DOWN
button to scroll to the end of the PID
list. Highlight Next Frame or Previous Frame, as desired, then press
the ENTER/LD
button.
5. When you have finished viewing the recorded Live Data, exit the
“Live Data Playback” mode using the appropriate procedure shown
below:
„
If the Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is connected to a
button to scroll to the end of the PID
vehicle, use the DOWN
list, highlight Exit Playback, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is not connected to a vehicle,
press the DTC SCROLL
button.
CanOBD2&1
55
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
The following is a list of Generic (Global) PIDs and their descriptions.
Tool Display
ACC Pedal D
ACC Pedal E
ACC Pedal F
Air Status
Unit
%
%
%
-
Ambient
*C /
*F
-
Aux Input
Status
BARO
Value
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
UPS, DNS,
OFF
XXX
PID Description
Accelerator Pedal Position D
Accelerator Pedal Position E
Accelerator Pedal Position F
Commanded Secondary Air Status
Ambient Air Temperature
On / Off
Auxiliary Input Status
kPa
/inHg
%
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
*C /
*F
%
XXX /
XX.X
XXX.X
XXXX.X
Barometric Pressure
XXX.X
Calculated LOAD Value
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 1Sensor 2
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 1
Catalyst Temperature Bank 2Sensor 2
Commanded EGR
%
XXX.X
Commanded Evaporative Purge
%
XXX.X
Commanded Throttle Actuator
XXXXX
Distance since DTC Cleared
XXXXX
Distance Traveled while MIL ON
ECU Volts
EGR Error
Eng RPM
EQ Ratio
EQ Ratio 11
km
/mile
km
/mile
s
*C /
*F
V
%
min
-
EQ Ratio 12
-
Calc LOAD
CAT Temp 11
CAT Temp 12
CAT Temp 21
CAT Temp 22
Command
EGR
Command
EVAP
Command
TAC
Dist DTC Clr
Dist MIL ON
ECT
56
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXXX.X
XXX / XXX
XX.XXX
XXX.X
XXXXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Engine Coolant Temp
Control Module Voltage
EGR Error
Engine RPM
Commanded Equivalence Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
CanOBD2&1
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool Display
EQ Ratio 13
Unit
-
Value
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 14
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 21
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 22
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 23
-
X.XXX
EQ Ratio 24
-
X.XXX
EVAP Press
Pa /in
H2O
kPa
/PSI
%
kPa
/PSI
kPa
/PSI
*C /
*F
%
%
%
%
%
g/s ;
lb/min
XXXX.XX
/XX.XXX
XXXX.XXX
/XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX /
XX.X
XXXXX
/XXXX.X
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
OL
CL
OL-Drive
OL-Fault
CL-Fault
XXX / XXX
FP / Vac
Fuel Level
Fuel Press
Fuel Press
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 1
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
Fuel Sys 2
IAT
LOAD Value
LTFT B1
LTFT B2
LTFT B3
LTFT B4
MAF
CanOBD2&1
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.XX /
XXXX.X
PID Description
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 Equivalence
Ratio
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 Equivalence
Ratio
Evap System Vapor Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure relative
toVacuum
Fuel Level Input
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel Rail Pressure
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 1 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Fuel System 2 Status
Intake Air Temperature
Absolute Load Value
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Long Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Air Flow Rate from Mass Air Flow
Sensor
57
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool Display
MAP
MIL On Time
Monitor Status
O2S B1 S1
O2S B1 S1
mA
O2S B1 S1 V
O2S B1 S2
O2S B1 S2
mA
O2S B1 S2 V
O2S B1 S3
O2S B1 S3
mA
O2S B1 S3 V
O2S B1 S4
O2S B1 S4
mA
O2S B1 S4 V
O2S B2 S1
O2S B2 S1
mA
O2S B2 S1 V
O2S B2 S2
O2S B2 S2
mA
O2S B2 S2 V
O2S B2 S3
O2S B2 S3
mA
O2S B2 S3 V
O2S B2 S4
O2S B2 S4
mA
O2S B2 S4 V
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
58
Unit
kPa
/PSI
hrs,
min
-
Value
XXX /
XX.X
XXXX, XX
PID Description
Intake Manifold Absolute Pressure
Engine Run Time while MIL ON
V
mA
ICONS on
Display
X.XXX
X.XXX
Monitor Status this Driving Cycle
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 1 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 1 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 2 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Current
V
V
mA
X.XXX
X.XXX
X.XXX
Bank 2 - Sensor 3 O2S Voltage
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Current
V
-
X.XXX
O2S11
O2S12
O2S13
Bank 2 - Sensor 4 O2S Voltage
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 3
CanOBD2&1
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool Display
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
O2S Location
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
Unit
-
PTO Status
Rel TPS
Spark Adv
%
deg
Value
O2S14
O2S21
O2S22
O2S23
O2S24
O2S11
O2S12
O2S21
O2S22
O2S31
O2S32
O2S41
O2S42
OBD2
OBD
OBD and
OBD2
OBD1
No OBD
EOBD
EOBD and
OBD2
EOBD and
OBD
EOBD,
OBD and
OBD2
JOBD
JOBD and
OBD2
JOBD and
EOBD
JOBD,
EOBD and
OBD2
On / Off
XXX.X
XX
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
OBD Support
-
STFT B1
STFT B1 S1
%
%
XXX.X
XXX.X
CanOBD2&1
PID Description
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 3
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 4
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 1, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 2, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 3, Sensor 2
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 1
Oxygen Sensor, Bank 4, Sensor 2
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
OBD Requirements
Power Take Off Status
Relative Throttle Position
Ignition Timing Advance #1
Cylinder
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 1
Bank 1 - Sensor 1
59
Generic (Global) OBD2 PID List
Tool Display
STFT B1 S2
STFT B1 S3
STFT B1 S4
STFT B2
STFT B2 S1
STFT B2 S2
STFT B2 S3
STFT B2 S4
STFT B3
STFT B4
Time DTC Clr
Time Since
Start
TPS
TPS B
TPS C
Veh Speed
Warm-up DTC
Clr
60
Unit
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
%
hrs,
min
sec
Value
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXXX, XX
%
%
%
km/h /
mph
-
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX.X
XXX / XXX
XXXX
XXX
PID Description
Bank 1 - Sensor 2
Bank 1 - Sensor 3
Bank 1 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 1
Bank 2 - Sensor 2
Bank 2 - Sensor 3
Bank 2 - Sensor 4
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 3
Short Term Fuel Trim-Bank 4
Time since DTC Cleared
Time Since Engine Start
Absolute Throttle Position
Absolute Throttle Position B
Absolute Throttle Position C
Vehicle Speed Sensor
# Warm-ups since DTC Cleared
CanOBD2&1
Additional OBD2 Tests
O2 SENSOR TEST
In addition to retrieving Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) and viewing
Live Data, you can use the Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to
perform additional diagnostic tests, and to view diagnostic and vehicle
information stored in your vehicle's on-board computer.
Additional tests are accessed through the
"Mode Selection Menu." To access the
"Mode Selection Menu", place the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in "Live Data"
mode (see VIEWING LIVE DATA on page
47 for details), then press and hold the
ENTER/LD
button until the "Mode
Selection Menu" appears.
The following functions are available from the "Mode Selection Menu":
„
Live Data Menu - Displays the "Live Data Menu" from which you
can choose to record, customize and play back Live Data (see the
Live Data Mode section beginning on page 47 for more information)
„
O2 Sensor Test - Retrieves and displays O2 sensor monitor test
results from your vehicle's on-board computer.
„
Non-Continuous Test - Retrieves and displays test results for
emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not
continuously monitored.
„
System Test - Performs a leak test for the vehicle's EVAP system.
„
Vehicle ID - Retrieves the vehicle's VIN number, calibration ID(s)
and other related information, and lets you view a listing of available
modules for the vehicle.
O2 SENSOR TEST
OBD2 regulations require that applicable vehicles monitor and test
operation of the oxygen (O2) sensors to identify problems that can affect
fuel efficiency and vehicle emissions. These tests are performed
automatically when engine operating conditions are within predefined
limits. Results of these tests are stored in the on-board computer's
memory.
The O2 Sensor Test function lets you retrieve and view O2 sensor
monitor test results for the most recently completed tests from your
vehicle's on-board computer.
Vehicles are equipped with multiple O2 sensors. O2 sensors are
installed both upstream of (before) and downstream of (after) the
exhaust system Catalytic Converters. The name of an O2 sensor
identifies its location in the exhaust system. The name of each O2
sensor is made up of three parts:
O2S XX YY -or- O2S X Y
„
O2S -this is the basic designation for all O2 sensors.
CanOBD2&1
61
Additional OBD2 Tests
O2 SENSOR TEST
„
X or XX - These characters identify the location of the O2 sensor in
relation to a cylinder bank. An O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1 is
identified by the designation “1” or "B1"; a sensor for cylinder bank 2
is identified as “2” or "B2."
“Bank One” indicates the side of the engine where cylinder
number one is located (V-type engines). Bank Two is opposite
of Bank One.
„
Y or YY - These characters identity the location of the O2 sensor in
relation to the exhaust system catalyst. An O2 sensor located upstream of
the catalyst is identified by the designation”1” or "S1", a sensor located
downstream of the Catalytic Converter is identified as “2” or "S2."
For example, O2S12 or O2SB1S2 is the designation for the
downstream O2 sensor for cylinder bank 1.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool does not perform O2 sensor tests,
but retrieves results from the most recently performed O2
sensor tests from the on-board computer's memory. You may
retrieve O2 sensor test results for only one test of one sensor
at any given time.
1. From the "Mode Selection Menu", use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight O2 Sensor Test,
button.
then press the ENTER/LD
„
The "Select Sensor" screen displays.
The screen shows all O2 sensors
applicable to the vehicle under test.
If O2 sensor tests are not
supported by the vehicle under
test, an advisory message shows
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
display. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to "Live Data"
mode.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the O2 sensor
for which you wish to view test results,
then press the ENTER/LD
button.
3. When test results have been retrieved,
results of the first test for the selected
sensor will show on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's display.
4. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to view results for
additional tests.
62
CanOBD2&1
Additional OBD2 Tests
NON-CONTINUOUS TEST
5. When you have finished viewing the
retrieved test data, scroll to the end of
the display to select Exit, then press the
ENTER/LD
button to return to the
"Select Test" screen.
NON-CONTINUOUS TEST
The Non-Continuous Test function retrieves and displays test results
for emission-related powertrain components and systems that are not
continuously monitored. The tests available are determined by the
vehicle manufacturer.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool does not perform non-continuous
test, but retrieves results from the most recently performed
tests from the on-board computer’s memory. You may retrieve
non-continuous test results for only one test at any given time.
1. From the "Mode Selection Menu", use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary,
to
highlight
NonContinuous Test, then press the
ENTER/LD
button.
„
The “Select Test” screen displays.
The screen shows all tests
applicable to the vehicle under test.
Refer to the vehicle’s service repair
manual for information related to
non-continuous tests.
If non-continuous tests are not
supported by the vehicle under test,
an advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
Press the ENTER/LD
button to
return to the Mode Selection menu.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight the desired
test, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
3. A “One moment please. . .” message
displays while the request is sent to the
vehicle’s on-board computer.
4. When test results have been retrieved, data for the selected test will
show on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display. The display shows
the following information:
CanOBD2&1
63
Additional OBD2 Tests
SYSTEM TEST
„
Test ID number
„
Module ID number
„
Component ID number
„
Min or Max test limit
Only one test limit, either Min
or Max, is shown for any given
test.
„
Test Value and status
Status is calculated by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool by
comparing the Test Value against the displayed test limit
(either Min or Max). Status is shown as either Low, High
or OK.
5. When you have finished viewing the retrieved test data, scroll to the
end of the display to select Exit, then press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the “Select Test” screen.
SYSTEM TEST
The System Test function lets you initiate a leak test for the vehicle's
EVAP system.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool does not perform the leak test,
but signals the vehicle's on-board computer to initiate the
test. The vehicle manufacturer determines the criteria and
method for stopping the test once it has been started.
BEFORE using the System Test function, refer to the
vehicle's service repair manual to determine the procedures
necessary to stop the test.
1. From the "Mode Selection Menu", use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons as
necessary, to highlight System Test,
then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "System Test Menu" displays.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight EVAP Leak
Test, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
3. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the request is sent to the
vehicle's on-board computer.
64
CanOBD2&1
Additional OBD2 Tests
VEHICLE ID
Some vehicle manufacturers do not
allow CanOBD2&1 Scan Tools or
other external devices to control
vehicle systems. If the EVAP Leak
Test is not supported by the vehicle
under test, an advisory message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's display. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the System
Test menu.
4. When the EVAP leak test has been
initiated by the vehicle's on-board
computer, a confirmation message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
display. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the “Select Test”
screen.
VEHICLE ID
The Vehicle ID function offers two options for retrieving reference
information for the vehicle under test; Vehicle ID and Available
Modules.
Retrieving Vehicle ID Information
The Vehicle ID function is applicable to model year 2000 and
newer OBD2-compliant vehicles.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool can retrieve a list of information (provided
by the vehicle manufacturer), unique to the vehicle under test, from the
vehicle's on-board computer. This information may include:
„
The vehicle's VIN number
„
The control module identification number
„
The vehicle's calibration ID(s). These IDs uniquely identify the
software version(s) for the vehicle's control module(s).
„
The Vehicle's Calibration Verification Number(s) (CVNs) required by
ODB2 regulations. CVNs are used to determine if emission-related
calibrations for the vehicle under test have been changed. One or
more CVNs may be returned by the vehicle's computer.
1. From the "Mode Selection Menu", use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Vehicle ID, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Vehicle Information Menu"
displays.
CanOBD2&1
65
Additional OBD2 Tests
VEHICLE ID
If the Vehicle ID function is not
supported by the vehicle under
test, an advisory message shows
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
display. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to the Mode
Selection menu.
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Vehicle ID,
then press the ENTER/LD
button.
3. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the requested information
is retrieved from the vehicle's computer.
The first time the Vehicle ID function is used, it may take
several minutes to retrieve the information from the vehicle's
computer.
4. When the retrieval process is completed,
the vehicle ID information is shown on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
and DOWN
buttons,
Use the UP
as necessary, to view the entire list.
5. When you have finished viewing the
retrieved vehicle ID information, press
the ENTER/LD
button to return to
"Live Data" mode.
Viewing Available Modules
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool can retrieve a list of modules supported by
the vehicle under test.
1. From the "Mode Selection Menu", use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to highlight Vehicle ID, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
The "Vehicle Information Menu" displays.
If the Vehicle ID function is not
supported by the vehicle under
test, an advisory message shows
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
display. Press the ENTER/LD
button to return to "Live Data"
mode.
66
CanOBD2&1
Additional OBD2 Tests
VEHICLE ID
2. Use the UP
and DOWN
buttons,
as necessary, to highlight Available
Modules, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
3. A "One moment please..." message
displays while the requested information
is retrieved from the vehicle's computer.
4. When the retrieval process is completed,
a complete list of modules supported by
the vehicle under test is shown on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display. Use
the UP
and DOWN
buttons, as
necessary, to view the entire list.
5. When you have finished viewing the list
of available modules, press the
ENTER/LD
button to return to "Live
Data" mode.
CanOBD2&1
67
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
CHRYSLER/JEEP OBD1 SYSTEMS
CHRYSLER/JEEP OBD1 SYSTEMS
Chrysler Motors On-Board Computer Systems
Chrysler Motors introduced its first electronic fuel injected vehicle in late
1983. The on-board computer management systems used on Chrysler
vehicles have evolved over the years, and their names have changed
accordingly.
1983-87: The on-board computer used in these vehicles is a splitsystem, composed of two separate units: the Logic Module and the
Power Module. The Logic Module contains a microprocessor which
processes data received from sensors located throughout the vehicle
and makes decisions (based on these inputs) which effect engine
operation. The Logic Module is usually located on the right-hand side,
behind the kick panel. The Power Module supplies operating power to
the Logic Module, and contains the circuits which control the highcurrent devices. Power Module operation is controlled by the Logic
Module. The Power Module is located in the engine compartment, near
the vehicle’s battery.
1987-90: This system is called a Single Module Engine Controller
(SMEC). This system still uses two separate circuit boards (Logic
Module and Power Module). However, both circuit boards are located in
a common enclosure.
1989-95: This system is called a Single Board Engine Controller
(SBEC). On this system, the Logic Module and Power Module circuit
boards are integrated on a single circuit board.
1993-97: Beginning in 1993, the computer was renamed the Powertrain
Control Module (PCM). In addition to controlling the engine
management system and emission system, the computer also takes an
active role in controlling powertrain (transmission system) operation.
Unless otherwise specified, all references to “computer” within
this manual also apply to “Logic Module/ Power Module”,
“SMEC”, “SBEC” or “PCM”.
Jeep On-Board Computer Systems
1993-95: In 1993, Jeep on-board computer systems (fuel injected
vehicles only) were converted to the Chrysler on-board computer
systems. All 1993 through 1995 fuel injected Jeep and Chrysler vehicles
are equipped with similar on-board computer systems.
68
CanOBD2&1
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED / PANEL INDICATOR LIGHTS /DLC
VEHICLES COVERED
This section covers Chrysler fuel injected vehicles from 1983-1995.
Model
Year
1983-1995
Type
Passenger
Cars
Light Truck
and Vans
1987-1995
1992-1995
1993-1995
Jeep
Model
Chrysler, Dodge and Plymouth Fuel
Injected Models Only (Excluding
Lasor/Talon 1.8L, 2.0L (ALL YEARS), 1990
Monaco/Premier, 1993-1995 Intrepid, LHS,
Concorde and Vision, 1995 Avenger,
Stealth (ALL YEARS) and Cirrus 2.5L (ALL
YEARS))
Chrysler, Dodge and Plymouth Fuel
Injected Models Only
Diesel Models
Jeep Fuel Injected Models Only
INSTRUMENT PANEL INDICATOR LIGHTS
Your vehicle’s instrument panel has either a “Power Loss”, “Check
Engine” or “Malfunction Indicator Lamp”, depending on the year of the
vehicle. These lights are designed to warn you of component
malfunctions.
POWER
LOSS
CHECK
ENGINE
MALFUNCTION
INDICATOR
LAMP
If your instrument panel indicator lights do not come on when
you turn on the ignition, please refer to your vehicle’s service
manual. You may have problems in the car’s circuitry. It is
recommended that you fix these problems before retrieving
DTC’s from your vehicle’s computer.
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC)
Chrysler vehicles are equipped with special
test connectors that make it possible to
connect specialized testing equipment that
communicates with the vehicle’s on-board
computer. Chrysler’s vehicle test connectors
are usually dark in color (BLACK or GREY)
and are located under the hood.
CanOBD2&1
69
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions and
flow charts that must be followed to confirm the location
of the problem. This information is found in the vehicle’s
service manual. Always refer to the vehicle’s service manual
for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for
details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 3 for more information.
1. Locate the vehicle’s Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 69 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Tool’s cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Chrysler Connector
Cable Adaptor attached) to the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, then connect
the adaptor to the vehicle’s DLC. Press
the POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON.
„
Set the parking brake, and make
sure all vehicle accessories are
turned off.
3. Turn the ignition ON. DO NOT start the
engine. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
4. Select the model year of the vehicle from which you wish to retrieve
codes:
If a previous vehicle selection is currently saved in the
CanOBD2&1
Scan
Tool's
memory,
the
"Current
Selection/Select New Vehicle" menu displays. If no previous
vehicle selection is stored in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, the "Select Vehicle Year" menu displays. Use the
buttons, as necessary, to make your selection.
and
70
CanOBD2&1
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
To retrieve DTCs from the vehicle selection currently in the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s memory:
- From the “Current Selection/
Select New Vehicle” screen,
highlight Current Selection and
press the ENTER/LD
button.
- Proceed to step 5 to continue.
„
To retrieve DTCs from a new
vehicle:
- From the “Current Selection/
Select New Vehicle” screen,
highlight Select New Vehicle and
press the ENTER/LD
button;
the “Select Vehicle Year” menu
displays.
- Highlight the desired year, then press the ENTER/LD
button. The “Current Selection/Select New Vehicle” screen
displays for your confirmation.
FCC - means 1994 Four Cylinder Control Module for
the 1994 Chrysler vehicles.
- If the year shown in the “Current Selection” field is correct,
highlight Current Selection and press the ENTER/LD
button. Proceed to step 5 to continue.
If the year shown is not correct, highlight Select New
Vehicle and press the ENTER/LD
button to return
to the “Select Vehicle Year” menu to make your
corrections.
5. Prepare the vehicle to retrieve codes:
„
For 1988-1995 Chrysler/Jeep vehicles: The CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool will automatically begin the code retrieval process.
Proceed to step 6 to continue.
„
For 1984-1988 Chrysler vehicles ONLY: WITHOUT starting
the engine, turn ignition ON, OFF, ON, OFF and ON again within
5 seconds to activate the code retrieval process. Proceed to
step 6 to continue.
6. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is in
the process of retrieving codes, a “One
Moment Please...” message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
CanOBD2&1
71
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails
to link to the vehicle’s computer, a
“Vehicle is not responding” message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s display. Do the following:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Check the cable connections at
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool and
at the vehicle’s DLC.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10-12 seconds, then turn back ON
to reset the computer.
- Press the ENTER/LD
6 as necessary.
button and repeat steps 4 through
7. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able
to link to the vehicle successfully a
"Code retrieval was successful..."
message shows temporarily on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display
followed by any retrieved DTCs.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle's computer
memory. If no codes are present, a
"No DTC's are presently stored in
the vehicle's computer" message is
displayed.
8. If more than one code was retrieved
press the DTC SCROLL
button, as
necessary, to display additional codes
one at a time.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the
buttons, as necessary, to view the additional
and
information.
9. Disconnect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool from the vehicle and turn
the ignition key OFF.
10. To prolong battery life, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool automatically
shuts "Off" after approximately three minutes of no button activity.
The DTCs retrieved will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, and may be viewed at any time. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s batteries are removed, or if the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is relinked to a vehicle to retrieve codes, any prior codes in its memory
are automatically cleared.
„
72
See VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY on page 13 to view DTCs stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory.
CanOBD2&1
Chrysler/Jeep OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
11. Follow the testing and repair procedures outlined in the vehicle's
service repair manual to correct "hard" DTCs. Codes should be
addressed and eliminated in the order they were received, erasing
(see ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112) and
retesting after each repair is made to be sure the fault was
eliminated.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine engine
system conditions. See SERVICING DTCs - OBD I on page
110 for information on interpreting LEDs and servicing DTCs.
CanOBD2&1
73
Ford OBD1 Systems
FORD COMPUTER SYSTEM OVERVIEW - VEHICLES COVERED
FORD COMPUTER SYSTEM OVERVIEW
The Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is compatible only with
EEC-IV Computer Control systems.
IMPORTANT: When the computer is in Self-Test mode (is
testing the sensors or actuators for proper operation), it relies
on voltage signals that is sends to and / or receives from the
sensors or actuators to determine whether or not these
components are operating properly. The sensors and
actuators are all connected to the computer by wires. If any
defects are present in any part of the circuit that connects
these devices to the computer (such as defective connectors
or wires, faulty grounds, improper voltage, shorts etc.), the
voltage signal that the computer receives from these devices
will be affected. The computer has no way of determining if the
improper voltage signal is being caused by a defect in the
circuit or by the sensors or actuators themselves. Keep this in
mind when servicing fault codes, and do not replace any
devices (sensors or actuators) before checking the complete
circuit (or circuits) that are part of the device from which the
code was generated.
VEHICLES COVERED
CAR - Ford, Lincoln, Mercury Computer System/Tool Application
Table
The following table lists the year and model of all the cars that are
covered by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
8th VIN
Digit**
Fuel Systems
(Carburetor
Model)
1.6L I-4
5, 2
EFI, EFI Turbo
2.3L I-4
5
EFI Turbo
Capri, Cougar, Mustang, T-Bird
2.3L I-4 HSC
R, J
FBC (6149)*
Capri, Fairmont, LTD, Marquis,
Mustang, Tempo, Topaz,
Zephyr
1.6L I-4
4, 5,
8
EFI
EFI Turbo
2.3L I-4
2.3L I-4
OHC
A, J, R
FBC
(YFA)* (6149)*
Capri, Cougar, LTD, Marquis,
Mustang, Tempo, Topaz
2.3L I-4
T, W
EFI Turbo
Capri, Cougar, Merkur XR4Ti,
Mustang, T-Bird
2.3L I-4 HSC
S, X
CFI
Tempo, Topaz
3
CFI
Capri, Cougar, LTD, Marquis,
Mustang, T-Bird
Engine
Application/Special Notes
Computer
System
1981-1982
EEC-IV
Escort, EXP, LN7, Lynx
1984-1986
3.8L V-6
74
EEC-IV
Escort, EXP, Lynx
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED - CARS
8th VIN
Digit**
Fuel Systems
(Carburetor
Model)
5.0L V-8
F, M
CFI, SEFI
1.9L I-4
J, 9
EFI, CFI, SFI
2.0L I-4
A
SEFI
2.3L I-4
A
FBC (YFA)*
Engine
Application/Special Notes
Computer
System
1984-1986 (Cont)
Capri, Continental, Colony
Park, Cougar, Country Squire,
Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis,
LTD, Mark VII, Marquis,
Mustang, T-Bird, Town Car
EEC-IV
1987-1993
Escort, EXP, Lynx, Tracer
Capri, LTD, Marquis, Mustang
(1996 models)
2.3L I-4 OHC
A, M
EFI
2.3L I-4
T, W
EFI Turbo
2.3L I-4 HSC
S, X
CFI, EFI, SEFI
Tempo, Topaz
D
EFI, CFI
Sable, Taurus
3.0L V-6
3.0L V-6 SHO
1, U, Y
EFI, SEFI, SFI
Probe, Sable, Taurus, Tempo,
Topaz (VIN 1 Taurus models
are Flexible Fuel)
3.8L V-6
3, 4, C,
R
CFI, EFI, SFI
Capri, Continental, Cougar,
LTD, Marquis, Mustang, Sable,
T-Bird, Taurus
4.6L V-8
W, V
SEFI
Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis,
Mark VII, Town Car
5.0L V-8
F, M, E,
T, D, 4
SEFI
Capri, Continental, Cougar,
Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis,
Mark VII, Mustang, Mustang
Cobra, T-Bird, Town Car
1.9L I-4
J
SFI
Escort, Topaz, Tracer
2.0L I-4
A
SFI
Probe
3.0L V-6
1, U, Y
SFI
Sable, Taurus, Tempo (VIN 1
Taurus models are Flexible Fuel)
4
R
SFI
Continental, Cougar, Sable,
Taurus, T-Bird
4.6L V-8
W, V
SFI
Crown Victoria, Grand Marquis,
Mark VIII, Town Car
5.0L V-8
T, D
SFI
2.5L I-4
EEC-IV
Probe (1993 manual
transmission only)
Mustang
Capri, Cougar, Merkur,
Mustang, T-Bird, XR4Ti
1994
3.8L V-6
3.8L V-6 SC
EEC-IV
Mustang, Mustang Cobra
1995
1.9L I-4
J
SFI
Escort, Tracer
2.0L I-4
A, 3
SFI
Contour, Mystique, Probe
2.5L V-6
L
SFI
Contour, Mystique
3.0L V-6
1, U
SFI
Sable, Taurus (VIN 1 Taurus
models are Flexible Fuel)
SFI
Cougar, Sable, Taurus, T-Bird
3.0L V-6 SHO
Y
3.8L V-6
4
3.8L V-6 SC
R
CanOBD2&1
EEC-IV
75
Ford OBD1 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED - TRUCKS
8th VIN
Digit**
Fuel Systems
(Carburetor
Model)
V
SFI
Mark VIII
5.0L V-8 HO
T
SFI
Mustang
5.0L V-8 SHP
D
Engine
Application/Special Notes
Computer
System
1995 (Cont)
4.6L V8
DOHC
EEC-IV
NOTES
* Carburetor Model. Carburetor model numbers are usually stamped on top of the
carburetor, or on a metal tab attached to the carburetor. Consult your vehicle’s repair manual
for proper identification.
**VIN Number. The VIN number(s) used in this column identify the vehicle’s engine type.
This number is the 8th digit of the VIN (Vehicle Identification Number). Consult your vehicle’s
repair manual for details.
Application Table Definitions. CFI = Central Fuel Injection; DOHC = Dual Overhead Cam;
EFI = Electronic Fuel Injection; FBC = Feedback Carburetor; HSC = High Swirl Combustion;
MFI = Multiport Fuel Injection; OHC = Overhead Cam; SC = Super Charged; SEFI =
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection; SFI = Sequential Fuel Injection; SHO = Super High
Output
TRUCKS/VANS - Ford Computer System Tool Application Table
The following table lists the year and model of all the trucks and vans
that are covered by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
Engine
8th VIN
Digit**
Fuel Systems
(Carburetor
Model)
S
FBC (2150A)*
Application/Special Notes
Computer
System
1983
2.8L V-6
Bronco II and Ranger Pickup
EEC-IV
1984
2.8L V-6
S
FBC (2150A)*
4.9L I-6
Y
FBC (YFA)*
5.0L V-8
F
FBC (2150A)*
5.8L V-8
G
FBC (2150A)*
2.3L I-4 OHC
A
EFI
2.9L V-6
T
EFI
2.8L V-6
S
FBC (2150A)*
4.9L I-6
Y, 9
FBC (YFA)*,
EFI
5.0L V-8
5.0L V-8
F
N
FBC (2150A)*
EFI
5.8L V-8
G
FBC (2150A)*
7.3L V-8
M
Diesel
7.5L V-8
G
EFI
2.3L I-4 OHC
A
EFI, MFI
2.9L V-6
T
EFI
EEC-IV
Bronco II, Ranger Pickup
Bronco, E and F Series
Trucks/Vans (8500 lb. GVW or
less only)
1985-1990
Aerostar, Bronco II, Ranger
(excluding Diesel)
EEC-IV
Bronco, E and F Series
Trucks/Vans (8500 lb. GVW or
less only)
E and F Series Trucks/Vans
(8500 lb. GVW or less only)
1991-1994
76
Ranger
EEC-IV
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
TEST CONNECTORS
8th VIN
Digit**
Fuel Systems
(Carburetor
Model)
3.0L V-6
U
EFI, SEFI, SFI
4.0L V-6
X
EFI, MFI
4.9L I-6
Y, H
EFI, MFI, SFI
5.0L V-8
N
EFI, MFI, SFI
5.8L V-8
H, R
EFI, MFI, SFI
7.3L V-8
M
Diesel
7.3L V-8
K
Turbo Diesel
7.5L V-8
G
EFI, MFI
3.0L V-6
U
SFI
Engine
Application/Special Notes
Computer
System
1991-1994 (Cont)
Aerostar, Ranger
EEC-IV
Aerostar, Explorer, Ranger
Bronco, E and F Series
Trucks/Vans (8500 lb. GVW or
less only)
E and F Series Trucks/Vans
(Excludes 1994 diesel models)
1995
Aerostar (Excludes Explorer,
Ranger and Windstar)
4.0L V-6
X
SFI
4.9L I-6
Y
SFI
E and F series Trucks and
Vans (Excludes Natural Gas
equipped vehicles)
Bronco, E and F series Trucks
and Vans
5.0L V-8
N
SFI
5.8L V-8
H, R
MFI
7.5L V-8
G
MFI
EEC-IV
E-350; F-250-350 (Excludes
California ); F-Super Duty
(Excludes Diesel)
NOTES
* Carburetor Model. Carburetor model numbers are usually stamped on top of the carburetor, or on a metal tab attached to the carburetor. Consult your vehicle’s repair manual for
proper identification.
**VIN Number. The VIN number(s) used in this column identify the vehicle’s engine type.
This number is the 8th digit of the VIN (Vehicle Identification Number). Consult your vehicle’s
repair manual for details.
Application Table Definitions. EFI = Electronic Fuel Injection; FBC = Feedback Carburetor;
MFI = Multiport Fuel Injection; OHC = Overhead Cam; SC = Super Charged; SEFI =
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection; SFI = Sequential Fuel Injection
TEST CONNECTORS
Ford vehicles are equipped with
special test connectors that make
it possible to connect specialized
testing equipment that communicates with the vehicle's onboard
computer. Ford's vehicle test
connectors are usually dark in
color (BLACK or GREY). Sometimes they have a plastic cover
over them or are labeled EEC Test.
The connectors can be found in
the following general locations in
the engine compartment:
CanOBD2&1
6-PIN
SINGLE
PIN
EEC-IV TEST CONNECTOR
77
Ford OBD1 Systems
CONNECTING THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL - DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES
„
Near the front corner (right or left).
„
Near the fender well (right or left).
„
Near the fire wall (right or left).
CONNECTING THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor is designed to match the vehicle's computer DLC.
When properly connected, the vehicle's DLC should match
the pre-molded guides around the adaptor. Make sure the
adaptor and the vehicle's DLC mate properly before
applying force. Forcing the adaptor onto the DLC
improperly may result in damage to the adaptor and/or
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, and possible damage to the
vehicle's computer system.
„
Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to BOTH.
1. Large, six pin female connector
with molded housing
2. Small, single pin female connector
EEC-IV
TEST
CONNECTOR
1988 and newer vehicles
may have more than one
similar connector for other
systems
(i.e.
Anti-Lock
CODE
Brakes). Only the connector
READER
with an extra single pin is the
correct test connector for
computer service codes use. If you have any questions about
the correct connector, please refer to your vehicle's service
manual for detailed information.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTCs)
Diagnostic Trouble Codes, or Fault Codes, can be used to identify
engine systems or components that are malfunctioning. The computer
records codes for two types of problems:
„
"Hard" Diagnostic Trouble Codes
"Hard" DTCs represent problems which are happening now and
cause the instrument panel Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) or
Check engine light to illuminate and remain on until the failure is
repaired. A DTC is stored in the vehicle's computer memory for
each fault detected. A Tool or Scanner can be used to retrieve
DTCs that are stored in the vehicle's computer memory.
78
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - OVERVIEW - KOEO TEST
„
Intermittent/History DTCs
Intermittent/History DTCs are stored in the computer's memory for
problems that occur intermittently, or for problems that happened in
the past but are not currently present. Intermittent DTCs may cause
the Malfunction Indicator light to flicker or stay on until the
intermittent malfunction goes away. However, the corresponding
fault code will be stored in memory as a history DTC. If the
malfunction that caused the history DTC to set does not recur within
a predetermined length of time (usually within 40-80 ignition key
start cycles), the computer will automatically erase the related fault
code from its memory.
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES
Overview of Ford Code Retrieval Process
Ford's computer self-diagnostic system is divided into four main
sections:
1. "Key On Engine Off" (KOEO) Self-Test
2. "Continuous Memory" (CM) Self-Test
3. "Key On Engine Running" (KOER) Self-Test
4. Other EEC-IV System tests
These Self-Tests are specially designed to monitor and/or test the
various components and circuits that are controlled by the vehicle's
computer, and to save and/or transmit diagnostic test results to the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool in the form of numerical fault codes.
The "Continuous Memory" Self-Test is designed to run continuously
whenever the vehicle is normal operation. If a fault is detected by the
"Continuous Memory" Self-Test, a fault code is saved in the vehicle's
computer memory for later retrieval.
Ford’s On-Board Diagnostic Self-Tests are designed in such a way that
in order to properly diagnose a problem, you must perform all the SelfTests, in the proper sequence.
As described previously, some tests are designed to detect problems
only when the vehicle is in normal operation. Some tests are designed
to activate components and detect problems only with the Key On and
Engine Off. Other tests are designed to activate components and test
their operation only with the Key On and Engine Running. Do not take
short cuts. If you fail to perform a test, or you perform a test out of
sequence, you might miss a problem that is only detected during that
part of the test.
Key On Engine Off (KOEO) Test
During the KOEO Self-Test, two groups of codes are retrieved by the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
CanOBD2&1
79
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOEO TEST
„
The first group of codes retrieved by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool are
called "KOEO codes". A "KOEO" icon will show in the upper right
corner of the display to indicate that the code retrieved is a "KOEO"
code.
„
The second group of codes are called "Continuous Memory" codes.
A "CM" icon will show in the upper right corner of the display to
indicate that the code retrieved is a "Continuous Memory" code.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing any test. See
BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 3 for more information.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, then connect the adaptor to
the
vehicle's
DLC.
Press
the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press
button to continue.
the ENTER/LD
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu displays.
Use the
necessary,
selections.
and
to
buttons, as
make
menu
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu, highlight KOEO Test, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, start and warm-up
engine to normal operating temperature. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
5. Turn ignition key OFF and wait for the on-screen prompt. If you wish
to exit the KOEO test at this time, press the ENTER/LD
button
to return to the Ford EEC-IV System menu.
6. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, turn the ignition ON.
DO NOT start the engine. If your vehicle is equipped with one of the
following engine types, perform the added procedures described
below:
„
80
For 4.9L engines with standard transmission: Press and hold
the clutch until all codes are sent (steps 7 through 9).
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOEO TEST
„
For 7.3L diesel engines: Press and hold accelerator until all
codes are sent (steps 7 through 9).
„
For 2.3L turbo engines with octane switch: Put switch in
premium position.
7. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
8. While codes are being retrieved, a "One
moment please KOEO test is in
progress..." message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
As soon as the ignition is turned
"on", the vehicle's computer enters
the Self-Test mode. Clicking
sounds will be heard coming from
the engine. This is normal. It
indicates that the vehicle's computer is activating relays,
solenoids, and other components to check their operation.
WARNING: On some vehicles equipped with an Electric
Cooling Fan, the computer activates the cooling fan to
check its operation. To avoid injury, keep hands or any
part of your body a safe distance from the engine during
this test.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
link to the vehicle's computer, a
"Vehicle is not responding" message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's display. Do the following:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Check the cable connections at
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool and
at the vehicle's DLC.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10 seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
BE SURE to perform the added procedures in step 6, if
appropriate for your vehicle, during code retrieval.
- Press ENTER/LD
button to continue.
9. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able to link to the vehicle
successfully a "Code retrieval was successful..." message shows
temporarily on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display followed by any
retrieved DTCs.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle's computer
memory.
„
If no problems are found during the
KOEO Self-Test, the computer
sends a "PASS" code (code 11 or
111) to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
CanOBD2&1
81
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOEO TEST
„
If no Continuous Memory codes are
present in the vehicle's computer
memory, the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool will display a "PASS" code
(code 11 or 111).
Most Ford EEC-IV vehicle computers up to 1991 use a two-digit
code system. From 1991 to 1995
most use a three digit code system.
10. If more than one code was retrieved, press DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the
buttons, as necessary, to view the additional
and
information.
11. Disconnect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool from the vehicle and turn
the ignition key OFF.
12. To prolong battery life, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool automatically
shuts "Off" after approximately three minutes of no button activity.
The DTCs retrieved will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, and may be viewed at any time. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's batteries are removed, or if the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is relinked to a vehicle to retrieve codes, any prior codes in its memory
are automatically cleared.
„
See VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY on page 13 to view DTCs stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's memory.
13. Follow the testing and repair procedures outlined in the vehicle's
service repair manual to correct "hard" DTCs. Codes should be
addressed and eliminated in the order they were received, erasing
(see ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112) and retesting
after each repair is done to be sure the fault was eliminated.
IMPORTANT: DO NOT service "Continuous Memory" codes at
this time. Before "Continuous Memory" codes can be serviced,
both the KOEO and the KOER Self-Tests must pass (a PASS
code 11 or 111 is obtained). After both of these tests have
passed, erase the vehicle's computer memory (see ERASING
DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112), take the vehicle for a
short drive, then repeat the KOEO Self-Test. If any Continuous
Memory faults are present, service them all this time. Consult
the vehicle's service repair manual for servicing Continuous
Memory Fault Codes.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine engine
system conditions. See SERVICING DTCs - OBD I on page
110 for information on interpreting LEDs and servicing DTCs.
82
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - ENGINE TIMING CHECK
Do not proceed to the ignition timing check procedure or the
KOER test until a PASS code (code 11 or 111) for KOEO test
is obtained.
Engine Timing Check
Before performing the KOER Self-Test, the vehicle's Ignition
Base Timing and the computer's ability to electronically control
timing advance must be checked for proper operation.
Maladjustment of ignition timing, or a problem in the advance
circuit, might generate false fault codes when performing the
KOER Self-Test that would cause the test to be invalid. Use
the following procedures to check for proper ignition timing and
to verify the computer's ability to electronically advance ignition
timing.
The following "Timing Check" procedure is only
applicable to 1992 and older vehicles (excluding diesel
engines). For 1993 and newer vehicles, refer to the
vehicle's service repair manual for procedures to check
and adjust timing. DO NOT ATTEMPT TO ADJUST TIMING
ON THESE VEHICLES WITHOUT MANUFACTURER'S
SPECIFICATIONS AND PROCEDURES.
For 1992 and older vehicles, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool can be used in
combination with a timing light to check ignition timing and the vehicle
computers ability to advance ignition timing.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing any test. See
BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. Read and follow Safety Precautions on page 3 before
performing this test.
„
A timing light is required to perform this test.
„
The vehicle must pass the KOEO Test (page 79) before performing
this test.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, then connect the adaptor to
the
vehicle's
DLC.
Press
the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press
ENTER/LD
button to continue.
CanOBD2&1
83
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - ENGINE TIMING CHECK
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu
displays.
Use the
necessary,
selections.
and
to
buttons, as
make
menu
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu,
highlight Timing Check, then press the
button.
ENTER/LD
„
The Timing Check menu displays.
4. From the Timing Check menu, highlight
the appropriate option for the vehicle
under test, then press the ENTER/LD
button.
„
1993 and newer selected - an
instructional message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display,
referring you to the vehicle’s service
manual for timing check procedures.
Press the ENTER/LD
button to
return to the Ford EEC-IV System
menu.
„
1992 and older selected - proceed to step 5.
5. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, start and warm-up
engine to normal operating temperature. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
6. Turn off all vehicle accessories, then turn ignition key OFF and wait
for the on screen prompt. If you wish to exit the Timing Check
procedure at this time, press the ENTER/LD
button.
7. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, start the engine and press
the ENTER/LD
button.
„
A "One moment please preparation
for test is in progress” message
shows
temporarily
on
the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display,
followed by the message "Perform
Timing Check within two minutes."
8. When "Perform Timing Check within 2 minutes" displays, perform
the Timing Check as follows:
84
CanOBD2&1
Ford OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOER TEST
„
The vehicle's computer is programmed to advance ignition timing
20° (±3°) above the vehicle's "base
timing" value, and to freeze this
setting for two minutes from the time
the "Perform Timing Check within 2
minutes" message displays. This
allows the user to check the computer's ability to advance ignition
timing.
„
Within this two-minute period, follow instructions in the vehicle's
service repair manual to check the ignition timing with a timing
light and ensure that it is 20° above the specified base timing
value (±3°).
Example: If base timing specification is 10° BTDC, the acceptable
timing light reading should be in the range of 27° to 33° BTDC.
Base-timing specifications can be found on the Vehicle
Emission Control Information (VECI) decal. The decal is
located under the hood or near the radiator. If the VECI decal
is missing or damaged, refer to your vehicle's service repair
manual for specifications.
9. If timing light readings are within the acceptable range:
„
Base timing and the vehicle computer's ability to advance timing
are working properly.
„
Proceed to the KOER Self-Test below.
10. If timing light readings are not within the acceptable range:
„
Base timing may be out of adjustment, or the computer may
have problems with the timing advance circuit.
„
Refer to the vehicle's service repair manual for procedures on
adjusting and/or repairing ignition timing. Repairs to ignition
timing must be made before proceeding to the KOER Test.
Key on Engine Running (KOER) Self-Test
IMPORTANT: The KOEO Self-Test (page 79) must be
performed first, and a "pass code" (code 11 or 111) must be
obtained before performing the KOER Self-Test; otherwise,
results of the KOER Self-Test may be invalid.
Ignition timing and timing advance must be operating properly
in order for the KOER Self-Test results to be considered valid.
Perform an Engine Timing check (page 83) before performing
the KOER Self-Test.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing any test. See
BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. Read and follow Safety Precautions on page 3 before
performing this test.
CanOBD2&1
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CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOER TEST
„
The vehicle must pass the Engine Timing Check (page 83) before
performing this test.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, then connect the adaptor to
the
vehicle's
DLC.
Press
the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press
button to continue.
the ENTER/LD
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu displays.
Use the
and
buttons, as
necessary, to make menu selections.
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu,
highlight KOER Test, then press the
ENTER/LD
button.
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, start and warm-up
engine to normal operating temperature. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
5. Turn off all vehicle accessories, then turn ignition key OFF and wait
for the on screen prompt. If you wish to exit the KOER test at this
time, press the ENTER/LD
button.
6. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, start the engine and press
the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
A "One moment please KOER test is in
progress..." message shows temporarily
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
7. The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will retrieve
and display the Cylinder Identification
(ID) Code. The Cylinder ID Code
identifies the number of cylinders of the
vehicle that is under test.
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
retrieve CYL ID and DTCs, its
possible that the KOEO Test was not
performed properly before proceeding to the KOER Test. Go back and
perform the KOEO Test (page 79) until a PASS code is obtained.
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CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURES - KOER TEST
8. Perform the following procedures when prompted by the message
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
„
Turn the steering wheel 1/2 turn to right, hold for four seconds
and release.
„
Press the brake pedal to the floor and then release it.
„
Cycle the Overdrive Switch (if equipped).
„
Quickly press the accelerator pedal to the floor and then release it.
9. After the above procedures are
performed a "One moment please
KOER test is in progress..." message
shows temporarily on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's display, followed by a
"Retrieving codes" message.
10. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able
to link to the vehicle successfully, a
“Code retrieval was successful...” message shows temporarily on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display, followed by any retrieved
DTCs.
If code 98 or 998 displays, the
vehicle is operating in "Failure
Mode". The computer goes into
failure mode when it detects a
signal from a sensor that indicates
the sensor has failed and is
completely out of specifications.
The computer substitutes a fixed
signal value for the failed sensor
to keep the vehicle running. Failure mode codes 98 or 998 are
usually accompanied by one or more Diagnostic Trouble
Codes that indicate the failed sensor. A vehicle operating in
failure mode is operating at a minimal level, and the faults that
are causing these Diagnostic Trouble Codes to set must be
repaired as soon as possible.
Most Ford EEC-IV vehicle computers up to 1991 use a twodigit code system. From 1991 to 1995 most use a three-digit
code system.
11. If no problems are found during the
KOER Self-Test, the computer sends a
"PASS code" (code 11 or 111) to the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool. Code 11 or
111 indicates that all the relays and
actuators and their related circuits that
were tested during the KOER Self-Test
are OK, and no faults were found.
12. After the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool retrieves all the KOER Self-Test
DTCs, turn the engine off, and disconnect the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool from the vehicle's test connectors. The DTCs retrieved are now
stored in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's memory.
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Ford OBD1 Systems
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - CYLINDER BALANCE TEST
„
See VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY on page 13 to view DTCs stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's memory.
All retrieved DTCs will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory. If the KOER Test procedure is performed again,
DTC's from a prior test will automatically clear and will be
replaced by the most current DTCs retrieved.
13. All KOER codes that are retrieved by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
during the KOER Self-Test represent problems that are present now
(at the time the test is performed). The related vehicle problems that
caused the codes to be sent must be repaired using the procedures
described in the vehicle's repair manual.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine engine
system conditions. See SERVICING DTCs - OBD I on page
110 for information on interpreting LEDs and servicing DTCs.
14. After all repairs have been completed, repeat the KOER Self-Test.
15. If a "pass code" (code 11 or 111) is
received, it indicates that the repairs
were successful and all the related
systems are working properly.
16. If a "pass code" (code 111 or 111) is not
received, the repair was unsuccessful.
Consult the vehicle's service manual
and recheck repair procedure.
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS
These tests are additional, supplemental tests, and are not
needed to retrieve Diagnostic Trouble Codes. Ford has
included them to further assist the technician / do-it-yourselfer
in the troubleshooting of vehicle problems.
Cylinder Balance Test (Vehicles equipped with Sequential
Electronic Fuel Injected (SEFI) systems only)
The Cylinder Balance Test assists in finding a weak or noncontributing
cylinder. The computer shuts off fuel (cuts off power to injectors) to each
cylinder, in sequence, and monitors for RPM changes (drop). Based on
this information, the computer determines if all the cylinders are
contributing power equally (for proper engine operation), or if some
cylinders are only contributing partially or not contributing at all.
SEFI Introduction
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection (SEFI) belongs to a family of fuel
injection systems called "Multi-port/Multipoint Fuel Injection". Multi-port
(MFI) fuel injection systems contain one fuel injector per cylinder, and
the vehicle's computer electronically controls their operation. On some
multi-port fuel injection systems, the injectors all fire at the same time
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ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - CYLINDER BALANCE TEST
and at every engine revolution. On other systems the injectors fire in
groups and/or at every other engine revolution. What distinguishes
Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection systems from other multi-port fuel
injection systems is that each injector is independently energized and
fires sequentially one after the other in the proper firing order. This gives
the vehicle's computer more control to cut the fuel to one injector at a
time (this can't be accomplished on the other systems because they fire
in groups of two ore more injectors).
Cylinder Balance Test Procedure
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing any test. See
BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. Read and follow Safety Precautions on page 3 before
performing this test.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, then connect the adaptor to
the
vehicle's
DLC.
Press
the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press
button to continue.
the ENTER/LD
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu displays.
Use the
selections.
and
buttons, as necessary, to make menu
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu,
highlight Cylinder Balance Test, then
button.
press the ENTER/LD
„
An “application” advisory message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s display.
„
If your vehicle IS equipped with the
Sequential Fuel Injection, press the
ENTER/LD
button to continue.
„
If your vehicle IS NOT equipped with Sequential Fuel Injection,
select Back, then press the ENTER/LD
button to exit the
Cylinder Balance Test.
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, start and warm-up
engine to normal operating temperature. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
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Ford OBD1 Systems
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - CYLINDER BALANCE TEST
5. Turn off all vehicle accessories, then turn ignition key OFF and wait
for the on screen prompt. If you wish to exit the Cylinder Balance
test at this time, press the ENTER/LD
button.
6. When instructed by the message on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display, start
the engine and press the ENTER/LD
button. A "One moment please
preparation for test is in progress..."
message shows temporarily on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
7. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, lightly press the accelerator
pedal half way and release to activate
the cylinder balance test.
For 1986 models ONLY: Fully
press accelerator once and
release.
„
A “One moment please test is in
progress...” message shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s
display.
„
The computer is now in Cylinder Balance Test mode, and will
start cutting fuel to each cylinder in sequence to determine if all
the cylinders are contributing equally. It may take up to five
minutes before the test results are transmitted to the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
8. If the vehicle's computer fails to enter Cylinder Balance Test mode,
do the following:
„
Lightly press the accelerator pedal again as described in step 7
above.
„
Check your vehicle's fuel injection system and make sure that it
is a Sequential Electronic Fuel Injection (SEFI) system. This test
is applicable only to SEFI or SFI systems.
9. After the Cylinder Balance Test is
completed, the test results are sent to
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
„
The computer compares the power
contribution that each cylinder
makes to engine operation.
10. If all cylinders are contributing equally,
the computer determines that power
distribution is normal and a “System
Pass” message will display.
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ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - RELAY AND SOLENOID TEST
If the computer detects a problem with a cylinder(s) when
performing the initial Cylinder Balance Test, it needs to
repeat the test two more times to properly determine
which cylinder or cylinders are malfunctioning. If this is
the case, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will display the
“Lightly press the accelerator half way and release”
message again instead of the “System Pass”. Proceed to
step 11.
11. If a cylinder is not contributing at the same level as the other
cylinders, the computer prompts you to repeat the test two more
times by displaying the “Lightly press the accelerator half way and
release” message again. Each time the message displays, perform
the procedures as instructed.
12. After the repeat Cylinder Balance tests
have completed, the computer will
identify which cylinder (or cylinders) are
not contributing equally, and will send
this information to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s display.
„
If any weak cylinders are identified,
consult the vehicle’s service repair
manual to perform further testing
and/or repairs.
Relay and Solenoid Test (Output State Check)
The "Output State Check" is a special program in the vehicle's computer
that allows the user to energize (turn ON) and de-energize (turn OFF),
on command, most of the actuators (relays and solenoids) that are
controlled by the computer.
Use this test to check computer output voltages and relay/solenoid
operation.
The fuel injectors and fuel pump are not energized during this
test. Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing any test.
See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18 for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle.
Read and follow Safety Precautions on page 3 before performing this test.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable connector.
CanOBD2&1
91
Ford OBD1 Systems
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - RELAY AND SOLENOID TEST
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
cable (with the Ford Connector Cable
Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, then connect the adaptor to
the
vehicle's
DLC.
Press
the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press
button to continue.
the ENTER/LD
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu displays.
Use the
selections.
and
buttons, as necessary, to make menu
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu,
highlight Output State Check, then
press the ENTER/LD
button.
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, start and warm-up engine to
normal operating temperature. Press
the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
5. Turn ignition key OFF and wait for the on screen prompt. If you wish
to exit the Output State Check at this time, press the ENTER/LD
button.
6. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, turn ignition ON.
DO NOT start the engine. If your vehicle is equipped with one of the
following engine types, perform the added procedures described
below:
„
For 4.9L engines with standard transmission: Press and hold
the clutch until the "Output State Check Active" screen displays.
„
For 7.3L diesel engines: Press and hold accelerator until the
"Output State Check Active" screen displays
„
For 2.3L turbo engines with octane switch: Put switch in
premium position.
7. Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
8. A "One moment please test is in
progress..." message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display.
As soon as the ignition is turned
"on", the vehicle's computer enters
the Self-Test mode. Clicking
sounds will be heard coming from
the engine. This is normal.
WARNING: On some vehicles equipped with an Electric
Cooling Fan, the computer activates the cooling fan to
check its operation. To avoid injury, keep hands or any part
of your body a safe distance from engine during the test.
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ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - RELAY AND SOLENOID TEST
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails to
link to the vehicle's computer, a
"Vehicle is not responding" message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's display. Do the following:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Check the cable connections at
the Code Reader and at the
vehicle's DLC.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10 seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
BE SURE to perform the added procedures in step 6, if
appropriate for your vehicle, BEFORE turning the
ignition ON.
- Press ENTER/LD
button to continue.
9. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able
to link to the vehicle successfully an
"Output State check active..." message
shows temporarily on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's display. This message is
followed by a display that instructs you
how to perform the test.
10. Press the accelerator pedal once, then release. This activates the
Output State Check and energizes most of the actuators (relays and
solenoids) that are controlled by the vehicle's computer.
If your vehicle is equipped with an Integrated Vehicle Speed
Control, disconnect the vacuum supply hose from the speed
control servo before pressing the accelerator. Reconnect
vacuum hose after test.
11. To de-energize the actuators, press the accelerator pedal again and
release, the actuators are now de-energized.
12. The procedure can be repeated as many times as desired by
pressing and releasing the accelerator pedal to energize and deenergize the actuators.
13. Consult the vehicle's service repair manual for a list of actuators
(solenoids and relays) controlled by the computer that apply to the
vehicle under test, and which actuators should energize and deenergize when performing the Output State Check. All applicable
actuators should be on when energized and off when de-energized.
14. If an actuator is not responding to the Output State Check, follow the
procedures described in the vehicle's service manual to check
computer actuator output circuit voltages and/or grounds.
15. The Output State Check will stay active as long as desired. To quit
the Output State Check, turn the ignition OFF and disconnect the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool from the vehicle.
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Ford OBD1 Systems
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - WIGGLE TEST
Wiggle Test
Since any DTC’s from Wiggle Test results are saved in
Continuous Memory, it is suggested that you clear any DTC’s
in Continuous Memory before performing Wiggle Test (see
ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112 for procedures). This way you start with a clean slate, and any faults
detected during the procedure will be related to that particular
circuit tested.
Use this test to check for intermittent faults in some circuits.
Circuits Tested:
1984 & Newer - Air Charge Temp Sensor (ACT), Barometer Pressure
Sensor (BP), Engine Coolant Temp Sensor (ECT), Exhaust Gas
Oxygen Sensor (EGO), EGR Valve Posit
1985 & Newer - Vane Air Flow Sensor (VAF)
1986 & Newer - Pressure Feedback EGR Sensor (PFE)
1990 & Newer - Exhaust Gas Oxygen Sensor (EGO), Ignition
Diagnostic Monitor (IDM) (DIS or Dual Plug DIS only), Idle Tracking
Switch (ITS), Mass Air Flow Sensor (MAF)
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. Read and follow Safety Precautions on page 3 before
performing this test.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 77 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable (with the Ford Connector
Cable Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, then
connect the adaptor to the vehicle's DLC. Press the POWER/LINK
button to turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then press the
ENTER/LD
button to continue.
„
The Ford EEC-IV System menu displays.
Use the
selections.
and
buttons, as necessary, to make menu
3. From the Ford EEC-IV System menu,
highlight Wiggle Test, then press the
ENTER/LD
button.
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool, start and warm-up engine to
normal operating temperature. Press
the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
5. Turn ignition key OFF and wait for the on-screen prompt. If you wish
button.
to exit the KOEO test at this time, press the ENTER/LD
94
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ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - WIGGLE TEST
6. Select the desired Wiggle Test from the
menu displayed.
„
To perform the KOEO Wiggle Test:
- Highlight KOEO Wiggle Test.
- Turn ignition ON. DO NOT start
the engine.
button
- Press the ENTER/LD
to continue.
„
To perform the KOER Wiggle Test:
- Highlight KOER Wiggle Test.
- Turn the ignition ON and start the engine.
- Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
7. A "One moment please test is in
progress" message shows temporarily
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails
to link to the vehicle's computer, a
"Vehicle is not responding" message shows on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool's display. Do the following:
For KOEO Wiggle Test:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10 seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer. Press the ENTER/LD
button to
continue.
For KOER Wiggle Test:
- Turn the engine OFF, wait 10 seconds, then turn back ON.
Press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
BE SURE to perform the added procedures in step 6, if
appropriate for your vehicle, BEFORE turning the
ignition ON.
- Press ENTER/LD
button to continue.
8. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able to link to the vehicle
successfully, a "Wiggle test is active..." message shows temporarily
on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display. This is followed by a
message instructing you how to perform the test.
„
Press the ENTER/LD
Test at this time.
button if you wish to exit the Wiggle
9. Wiggle, tap and move the suspected sensor or wiring.
CanOBD2&1
95
Ford OBD1 Systems
ADDITIONAL TESTS FOR EEC-IV SYSTEMS - WIGGLE TEST
„
If no faults are detected when performing the Wiggle Test, a "System
Pass" message displays.
„
If a fault is detected when performing the Wiggle Test, a "Circuit
Fault detected" message displays.
If the Wiggle Test detects
any problems, the related
DTC will be stored by the
computer in "Continuous
Memory". To view any
Wiggle Test DTC’s you
must perform the KOEO
Test. See page 79 for
KOEO Test procedures.
10. Follow the procedures in the vehicle's service repair manual to
perform troubleshooting and repairs for Wiggle Test results.
11. The Wiggle Test will stay active as long as desired. To quit the
Wiggle Test, turn the ignition OFF and disconnect the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool from the vehicle.
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YOUR VEHICLE’S COMPUTER SYSTEM - VEHICLES COVERED
YOUR VEHICLE'S COMPUTER SYSTEM
Today's vehicles are equipped with computer self-testing abilities that
can locate problems in your vehicle and store them as Diagnostic
Trouble Codes (DTC's) in the vehicle's onboard computer. The
Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool allows you access to the computer's
memory and retrieves the DTC's.
VEHICLES COVERED
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool may be used to retrieve engine service
codes from most General Motors (GM) domestic cars and trucks
(EXCEPT Geo, Nova, Saturn and Sprint).
Model
Year
1982-93
1994
Make
Buick
Model
Century, Electra, Electra Wagon, Estate Wagon,
Le Sabre, Le Sabre Wagon, Park Avenue, Reatta,
Regal, Grand National, Riviera, Roadmaster,
Skyhawk, Skylark, Somerset
Cadillac
Chevrolet
De Ville, El Dorado, Fleetwood, Seville
Berreta, Camaro, Caprice, Cavalier, Celebrity,
Chevette, Citation, Corisca, Corvette, El Camino,
Impala, Lumina, Monte Carlo
Oldsmobile
Achieva, Calais, Custom Cruiser, Cutlass Calais,
Ciera, Cutlass Cruiser, Cruiser Wagon, Cutlass
Supreme, Supreme Classic, Delta 88, Eightyeight, Firenze, Ninety-eight, Omega, Toronado,
Touring Sedan, Trofeo
Pontiac
6000, 6000 STE, Bonneville, Fiero, Firebird,
Grand Am, Grand Prix, J 2000, Lemans,
J Parisienne, Phoenix, Safari, Safari Wagon,
Sunbird, T 1000
Trucks and
Vans
All one ton capacity or less with gas engines
Buick
Chevrolet
Roadmaster 5.7 liter
Camaro 3.4 liter/5.7 liter, Caprice 5.7 liter,
Caprice 5.7 liter, Cavalier 3.1 liter,
Lumina 3.1 liter
Pontiac
Firebird 3.4 liter/5.7 liter, Sunbird 2.0 liter/
3.1 liter
All one ton capacity or less with gas engines
Trucks and
Vans
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GM OBD1 Systems
ABOUT THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL - DLC – MIL - DTCs
Model
Year
1995
Make
Chevrolet
Trucks and
Vans
Model
Caprice 4.3 liter
All one ton capacity or less with gas engines
(EXCEPT S/T Series vehicles)
In addition to the above list, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool IS
ALSO COMPATIBLE with OBD1 GM models that are
equipped with "Climate Control Computers".
For 1994 and 1995 vehicles, only the models listed above are
compatible with the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
ABOUT THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is a device that connects to your vehicle's
Data Link Connector to retrieve any Diagnostic Trouble Codes that are
stored in the vehicle's on-board computer.
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC)
Your vehicle test connector is known as the
Assembly Line Data Link (ALDL) connector,
Assembly Line Communication Link (ALCL)
Connector or the Data Link Connector
(DLC). The GM DLC connector contains 12
pins and is usually black in color. On most
GM vehicles, the connector is found under the left side of the dashboard.
MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LIGHT (MIL)
Your vehicle's instrument panel has a Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
also called the "Check Engine" or "Service Engine soon" light. The MIL
is an indicator to warn the vehicle operator of a problem in the computer
control system.
CHECK ENGINE
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
If your instrument panel indicator lights do not come on when
you turn on the ignition, please refer to your vehicle's service
manual. You may have problems in the vehicle's circuitry.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES (DTC's)
The service codes are also called "fault codes", "Diagnostic Trouble
Codes" (DTC's) or "trouble codes". These codes can be used to identify
systems or components that are malfunctioning. The computer records
codes for two types of problems:
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CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
„
"Hard" Diagnostic Trouble Codes
"Hard" DTCs represent problems that are occurring now and cause the
instrument panel Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) or Check Engine light to
illuminate and remain on until the failure is repaired. A DTC is stored in the
vehicle's computer memory for each fault detected. A Tool or Scanner can
be used to retrieve DTCs that are stored in the vehicle's computer memory.
„
Intermittent/History DTCs
Intermittent/History DTCs are stored in the computer's memory for
problems that occur intermittently, or for problems that happened in the
past but are not currently present. Intermittent DTCs may cause the
Malfunction Indicator light to flicker or stay on until the intermittent
malfunction goes away. However, the corresponding fault code will be
stored in memory as a history DTC. If the malfunction that caused the
history DTC to set does not recur within a predetermined length of time
(usually within 40-80 ignition key start cycles), the computer will
automatically erase the related fault code from its memory.
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 3 for more information.
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 98 for connector location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable
(with the GM Connector Cable Adaptor
attached) to the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool,
then connect the adaptor to the vehicle’s
DLC. Press the POWER/LINK
button to
turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool ON, then
press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
CanOBD2&1
99
GM OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
3. Select the model year of the vehicle from which you wish to retrieve
codes:
If a previous vehicle selection is currently saved in the
CanOBD2&1
Scan
Tool's
memory,
the
"Current
Selection/Select New Vehicle" menu displays. If no previous
vehicle selection is stored in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, "Select Vehicle Year" menu displays.
Use the
selections.
„
and
buttons, as necessary, to make menu
To retrieve DTCs from the vehicle selection currently in the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s memory:
- From the “Current Selection/
Select New Vehicle” screen,
highlight Current Selection, turn
ignition key ON (DO NOT start
engine) and press the ENTER/LD
button.
- Proceed to step 5 to continue.
„
To retrieve DTCs from a new
vehicle:
- From the “Current Selection/
Select New Vehicle” screen,
highlight Select New Vehicle and
press the ENTER/LD
button;
the “Select Vehicle Year” menu
displays.
- Highlight the desired year, then
press the ENTER/LD
button;
the “Enter the 8th digit of VIN”
menu displays.
- Highlight the 8th digit of the
vehicle’s VIN, then press the
button.
ENTER/LD
If the “Enter 4th VIN Digit” screen displays (not applicable to all
vehicles), highlight the 4th digit of the vehicle’s VIN, then press
the ENTER/LD
button.
- The “Current Selection/Select New Vehicle” screen displays
for your confirmation.
- If the information shown in the “Current Selection” field is
correct, highlight Current Selection, turn ignition key ON (DO
NOT start engine) and press the ENTER/LD
button.
Proceed to step 4 to continue.
100
CanOBD2&1
GM OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
If the year shown is not correct, highlight Select New Vehicle
button to return to the “Select
and press the ENTER/LD
Vehicle Year” menu to make your corrections.
4. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is in
the process of retrieving codes, a "One
moment please..." message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails
to link to the vehicle's computer, a
"Vehicle is not responding" message shows on the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s display. Do the following:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Check the cable connections at
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool and
at the vehicle’s DLC.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10-12
seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
- Press the ENTER/LD
button
and repeat steps 3 and 4 as
necessary.
5. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able
to link to the vehicle successfully, a
"Code retrieval was successful..."
message shows temporarily on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display,
followed by any retrieved DTCs.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will display a code only of codes
are present in the vehicle's computer memory. If no codes are
present, a "No DTC's are presently stored in the vehicle's
computer" is displayed.
6. If more than one code was retrieved, press the DTC SCROLL
button, as necessary, to display additional codes one at a time.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the
buttons, as necessary, to view the additional informaand
tion.
Code 12 will always be present and it has one of the following meanings:
„
If code 12 is the only DTC retrieved and your vehicle "STARTS OK"
then code 12 indicates system "PASS" and all computer control
systems are functioning properly.
„
If code 12 is present and your vehicle "DOES NOT START", then it
may indicate a problem with the ignition control system.
CanOBD2&1
101
GM OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
7. Disconnect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool from the vehicle and turn
the ignition key OFF.
8. To prolong battery life, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool automatically
shuts "Off" after approximately three minutes with no button activity.
The DTCs retrieved will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, and may be viewed at any time. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s batteries are removed, or if the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is relinked to a vehicle to retrieve codes, any prior codes in its memory
are automatically cleared.
„
See VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY on page 13 to view DTCs stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory.
9. Follow the testing and repair procedures outlined in the vehicle's
service repair manual to correct "hard" DTCs. Codes should be
addressed and eliminated in the order they were received, erasing
(see ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112) and
retesting after each repair is made to be sure the fault was
eliminated. Code 12 will appear alone when no other fault codes are
present.
„
It may be necessary to test drive the vehicle to reset "hard" fault
codes 13, 15, 24, 44, 45, and 55 after they have been erased.
Whenever codes 51, 52, 54, or 55 are displayed with other
codes, troubleshoot and eliminate the "50 Series" codes first,
then proceed with the lower numbered codes.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine engine
system conditions. See SERVICING DTCs - OBD I on page
110 for information on interpreting LEDs and servicing DTCs.
102
CanOBD2&1
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
ON-BOARD VEHICLE DIAGNOSTICS (OBD1) - VEHICLES COVERED
ON-BOARD VEHICLE DIAGNOSTICS (OBD1)
„
Beginning in 1988, California's Air Resources Board (CARB), and
later, the Federal Government's Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), required vehicle manufacturers to include a self diagnostic
program capable of identifying an emissions-related fault via the
vehicles On-Board Computers (some manufacturers used OBD
before it was required). The first generation of Onboard Diagnostics
came to be known as OBD I.
„
OBD I is a set of self-testing or self-diagnosing instructions that are
programmed into the vehicle's on-board computer.
„
The program is specifically designed to detect failures in the sensors,
actuators, switches and wiring of the various vehicle emissionsrelated systems (fuel injection system, ignition system, EGR system,
catalytic converter, etc.). If the computer detects a failure in any one
of these components or systems, it alerts the driver by illuminating
the "Check Engine" light on the dash.
„
The computer also assigns a numeric code (OBD I systems utilized
a 2 or 3 digit code) for each specific problem that it detects, and
stores these codes in it's memory for later retrieval. The codes can
be retrieved from the computer's memory with the use of a device
called a "Tool" or a "Scan Tool".
With the exception of some 1994 and 1995 vehicles, most
vehicles from about 1982 to 1995 are equipped with OBD I
systems.
VEHICLES COVERED
The following tables identify the Toyota and Lexus OBD1 vehicles that
are covered by the Enhanced CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool.
DLC 1 Cars
Year
1995
1992
1992
1993
1993
1994
1993
1993
1994
1994
Model
Camry Coupe
Camry Sedan
Camry Sedan
Camry Sedan
Camry Sedan
Camry Sedan
Celica
Celica
Celica
Celica
CanOBD2&1
Eng.
Size
2.2L
2.2L
3.0L
3.0L
2.2L
2.2L
2.0L
2.2L
1.8L
2.2L
Eng.
Code
5S-FE
5S-FE
2VZ-FE
3VZ-FE
5S-FE
5S-FE
3S-GTE
5S-FE
7A-FE
5S-FE
DOHC/
SOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
Other
Turbo
DLC
Type
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
103
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED
Year
1992
Model
Celica
Convertible
1992
1992
1993
1995
1992
1992
1993
1993
1994
1994
1993
1993
1993
1993
1993
1994
1994
1994
1995
1995
1991
1991
1992
1992
1993
1994
Celica Coupe
Celica Coupe
Celica Coupe
Celica Coupe
Celica Liftback
Celica Liftback
Corolla Sedan
Corolla Sedan
Corolla Sedan
Corolla Sedan
ES-300
GS-300
LS-400
MR2
MR2
MR2
MR2
Paseo
Paseo
SC-300
Supra
Supra
Supra
Supra
Tercel Sedan
Tercel Sedan
Eng.
Size
2.2L
Eng.
Code
5S-FE
DOHC/
SOHC
DOHC
1.6L
2.2L
1.6L
1.8L
2.0L
2.2L
1.6L
1.8L
1.6L
1.8L
3.0L
3.0L
4.0L
2.0L
2.2L
2.0L
2.2L
1.5L
1.5L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
1.5L
1.5L
4A-FE
5S-FE
4A-FE
7A-FE
3S-GTE
5S-FE
4A-FE
7A-FE
4A-FE
7A-FE
3VZ-FE
2JZ-GE
1UZ-FE
3S-GTE
5S-FE
3S-GTE
5S-FE
5E-FE
5E-FE
2JZ-GE
7M-GTE
7M-GE
7M-GTE
7M-GE
3E-E
3E
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
SOHC
SOHC
Eng.
Size
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
Eng.
Code
7M-GE
7M-GE
7M-GE
7M-GE
3VZ-FE
DOHC/
SOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
Other
A/T
A/T
Turbo
Turbo
Turbo
Turbo
Turbo
DLC
Type
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
DLC 2 Cars
Year
1989
1990
1991
1992
1993
104
Model
Cressida
Cressida
Cressida
Cressida
Camry
Other
DLC
Type
2
2
2
2
2
CanOBD2&1
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
VEHICLES COVERED
Year
1993
1993
1994
1994
1994
1995
1995
1992
1990
1991
1992
1992
1991
1992
1993
1994
1994
1993
1994
1993
Model
Supra
Supra
Camry
Supra
Supra
Supra
Supra
SC-300
ES-250
ES-250
ES-300
SC-400
LS-400
LS-400
SC-400
SC-400
SC-300
SC-400
GS-300
SC-300
Eng.
Size
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
3.0L
2.5L
2.5L
3.0L
4.0L
4.0L
4.0L
4.0L
4.0L
3.0L
4.0L
3.0L
3.0L
Eng.
Code
2JZ-GTE
2JZ-GE
3VZ-FE
2JZ-GTE
2JZ-GE
2JZ-GTE
2JZ-GE
2JZ-GE
2VZ-FE
2VZ-FE
3VZ-FE
1UZ-FE
1UZ-FE
1UZ-FE
1UZ-FE
1UZ-FE
2JZ-GE
1UZ-FE
2JZ-GE
2JZ-GE
DOHC/
SOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
Eng.
Size
2.4L
2.4L
2.4L
3.0L
2.4L
3.0L
2.4L
3.0L
2.4L
Eng.
Code
2TZ-FE
2TZ-FE
2TZ-FE
3VZ-FE
22R-E
3VZ-FE
22R-E
3VZ-FE
2TZ-FE
DOHC/
SOHC
DOHC
DOHC
DOHC
SOHC
SOHC
SOHC
SOHC
SOHC
DOHC
Other
Turbo
Turbo
Turbo
DLC
Type
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
DLC 1 Light Trucks
Year
1992
1993
1994
1994
1995
1995
1995
1995
1995
Model
Previa
Previa
Previa
T100
4 Runner
4 Runner
Pickup
Pickup
Previa
CanOBD2&1
Other
DLC
Type
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
105
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC) / MIL
DATA LINK CONNECTOR (DLC)
Toyota vehicles are equipped with special Test Connectors that make it
possible to connect specialized testing equipment that communicates
with the vehicle's onboard computer. The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is
designed for use with two types of Toyota DLC connectors; DLC
Number 1 and DLC Number 2, as described below.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's Toyota Connector Cable
Adaptor is designed to match the vehicle's DLC. Make sure
the adaptor mates properly before applying any force when
making the connection. Applying force to the connector when
not mated properly may cause damage to the connectors.
1. Type 1 connector is also known as Data Link Connector Number 1.
The type 1 DLC connector is a rectangular connector and is usually
black or gray in color. The connector is located under the hood
(engine compartment) in the following general locations:
„
Front corner (right or left)
„
Front corner (right or left)
„
Fender well (right or left)
„
Fire wall (right or left)
It has a cover labeled "DIAGNOSTIC", "DIAGNOSIS", or "CHECK
CONN", Use the square head of the Toyota Connector Cable
Adaptor on vehicles with this type of connector.
2. Type 2 connector is also known as Data
Link Connector (DLC) Number 2. The
type 2 DLC connector is a round
connector and is usually black or gray in
color.
„
The connector is located "under the
dash" on the left hand side.
It may have a protective cap that needs to be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's DLC. Use the round head
of the Toyota Connector Cable Adaptor on vehicles with this type of
connector.
INSTRUMENT PANEL MALFUNCTION INDICATOR LIGHTS (MIL)
Your vehicle's instrument panel has a Malfunction Indicator Light (MIL)
also called the "Check Engine" or "Service Engine soon" light. The MIL
is an indicator to warn the vehicle operator of a problem in the computer
control system.
CHECK ENGINE
106
SERVICE
ENGINE
SOON
CanOBD2&1
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES / CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
If your instrument panel indicator lights do not come on when
you turn on the ignition, please refer to your vehicle's service
manual. You may have problems in the car's circuitry. It is
recommended that you fix these problems before retrieving
DTCs from your vehicle’s computer.
DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES
Diagnostic Trouble Codes, or Fault Codes, can be used to identify
engine systems or components that are malfunctioning. The computer
records codes for the following two types of engine problems:
„
"Hard" Diagnostic Trouble Codes
"Hard" DTCs represent problems that are occurring now and cause
the instrument panel Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) or Check
Engine light to illuminate and remain on until the failure is repaired.
A DTC is stored in the vehicle's computer memory for each fault
detected. A Tool or Scanner can be used to retrieve DTCs that are
stored in the vehicle's computer memory.
„
Intermittent/History DTCs
Intermittent/History DTCs are stored in the computer's memory for
problems that occur intermittently, or for problems that happened in
the past but are not currently present. Intermittent DTCs may cause
the Malfunction Indicator light to flicker or stay on until the
intermittent malfunction goes away. However, the corresponding
fault code will be stored in memory as a history DTC. If the
malfunction that caused the history DTC to set does not recur within
a predetermined length of time (usually within 40-80 ignition key
start cycles), the computer will automatically erase the related fault
code from its memory.
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
Check your vehicle thoroughly before performing
any test. See BEFORE YOU BEGIN on page 18
for details.
ALWAYS observe safety precautions whenever working on a
vehicle. See Safety Precautions on page 3 for more information.
CanOBD2&1
107
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
1. Locate the vehicle's Data Link Connector (DLC). See Data Link
Connector (DLC) on page 106 for connection location.
Some DLCs have a plastic cover that must be removed before
connecting the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's cable connector.
2. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool cable (with the Toyota
Connector Cable Adaptor attached) to the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool, then connect the adaptor to the vehicle’s DLC. Press the
POWER/LINK
button to turn the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
ON.
3. Turn ignition ON and start engine. Warm engine to operating
temperature. (Shut engine off after warm up).
4. When prompted by the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool, do the following
before proceeding to step 5:
„
Turn ignition ON. DO NOT start the
engine.
„
Make sure throttle is closed.
„
Set gear lever in "park" (for
automatic transmissions) or “neutral”
for manual transmissions.
„
Turn off all accessories.
5. Press the ENTER/LD
„
button to continue.
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will begin the code retrieval
process.
6. When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is in
the process of retrieving codes, a "One
moment please..." message shows on
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
„
If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool fails
to link to the vehicle’s computer a
“Vehicle is not responding” message
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s display. Do the following:
- Verify the ignition is ON.
- Check the cable connections at
the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool and
at the vehicle’s DLC.
- Turn the ignition OFF, wait 10-12
seconds, then turn back ON to
reset the computer.
- Press the ENTER/LD
5 as necessary.
108
button and repeat steps 3 through
CanOBD2&1
Toyota/Lexus OBD1 Systems
CODE RETRIEVAL PROCEDURE
7. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool was able
to link to the vehicle successfully a
"Code retrieval was successful..."
message shows temporarily on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display
followed by any retrieved DTCs.
„
The CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool will
display a code only if codes are
present in the vehicle's computer
memory. If no codes are present, a
"No DTCs are presently stored in
the vehicle's computer" message is
displayed.
8. If more than one code was retrieved
press the DTC SCROLL
, as
necessary, to display additional codes
one at a time.
In the case of long code definitions, a small arrow is shown in
the upper/lower right-hand corner of the code display area to
indicate the presence of additional information. Use the
buttons, as necessary, to view the additional informaand
tion.
9. Disconnect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool from the vehicle and turn
the ignition key OFF.
10. To prolong battery life, the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool automatically
shuts "Off" after approximately three minutes with no button activity.
The DTCs retrieved will remain in the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's
memory, and may be viewed at any time. If the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool’s batteries are removed, or if the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool is relinked to a vehicle to retrieve codes, any prior codes in its memory
are automatically cleared.
„
See VIEWING DTCs IN THE CANOBD2&1 SCAN TOOL’S
MEMORY on page 13 to view DTCs stored in the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool’s memory.
11. Follow the testing and repair procedures outlined in the vehicle's
service repair manual to correct "hard" DTCs. Codes should be
addressed and eliminated in the order they were received, erasing
(see ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS) on page 112) and
retesting after each repair is made to be sure the fault was
eliminated.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the LCD
display) as visual aids to make it easier to determine engine
system conditions. See SERVICING DTCs - OBD I on page
110 for information on interpreting LEDs and servicing DTCs.
CanOBD2&1
109
Servicing DTCs
OBD1 SYSTEMS
SERVICING DTCs - OBD I
Retrieving and using Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) for
troubleshooting vehicle operation is only one part of an
overall diagnostic strategy.
Never replace a part based only on the DTC definition.
Each DTC has a set of testing procedures, instructions
and flow charts that must be followed to confirm the
location of the problem. This information is found in the
vehicle's service manual. Always refer to the vehicle's
service manual for detailed testing instructions.
1. Determine engine system(s) condition by viewing the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's display for any retrieved
Diagnostic Trouble Codes, code definitions and
interpreting the green, yellow and red LEDs.
The green, yellow and red LEDs are used (with the display) as
visual aids to make it easier to determine engine system
conditions.
2. Green LED - Indicates that all engine
systems are "OK" and operating
normally. No trouble codes are present.
If you are not experiencing any vehicle
problems NO FURTHER TESTING IS
REQUIRED.
„
If you are still experiencing vehicle
problems even through the green
LED illuminates, the problem is not
in the computer control systems. See the NO CODES
troubleshooting section of your vehicle's repair manual for
further troubleshooting instructions.
3. Yellow LED - Indicates an Intermittent or History DTC is present.
Intermittent/History DTCs are stored in the computer's memory for
problems that occur intermittently, or for problems that happened in the
past but are not currently present. Intermittent DTCs may cause the
Malfunction Indicator light to flicker or stay on until the intermittent
malfunction goes away. However, the corresponding fault code will be
stored in memory as a history DTC. If the malfunction that caused the
history DTC to set does not recur within a predetermined length of time
(usually within 40-80 ignition key start cycles), the computer will
automatically erase the related fault code from its memory.
„
110
HISTORY DTC - On some vehicles, the computer will keep a
record or history of DTCs that relate to problems that happened
in the past but are no longer present. These DTCs will not
command the MIL or Check Engine light "On", but the yellow
LED will be illuminated.
CanOBD2&1
Servicing DTCs
OBD1 SYSTEMS
4. Red LED - Indicates there is a problem
with one or more of the vehicle's
systems. The red LED is also used to
indicate that DTC(s) are present
(displayed on the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool's screen). In this case, the MIL or
Check Engine light on the vehicle's
instrument panel will be illuminated.
„
If DTC's were retrieved and you are going to perform the repairs
yourself, proceed by consulting the vehicle's service repair
manual for testing instructions, testing procedures, and flow
charts related to retrieved code(s).
„
If you plan to take the vehicle to a professional to have it
serviced, complete the PRELIMINARY VEHICLE DIAGNOSTIC
WORKSHEET on page 15 and take it, together with the
retrieved codes and LED information, to aid in the
Troubleshooting procedure.
Retrieved information can be uploaded to a Personal
Computer (PC) with the use of an optional PC-Link Kit. For
more information, see instructions included with PC-Link
software.
CanOBD2&1
111
Erasing DTCs
OBD1 SYSTEMS
ERASING DTCs (OBD I SYSTEMS)
When the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool's ERASE function is
used to erase DTCs from the vehicle's on-board computer,
manufacturer specific data (where applicable) is also
erased.
If you plan to take the vehicle to a service center for repair, DO NOT
erase the codes from the vehicle's computer. If the codes are erased,
valuable information that might help the technician troubleshoot the
problem will also be erased.
Erase DTC’s from the computer’s memory as follows:
1. Connect the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool to the vehicle’s DLC. Press the
button to continue.
ENTER/LD
2. Turn the ignition ON. DO NOT start the engine.
For FORD systems only, first perform step 3 below, then turn
ignition “ON” and press the ENTER/LD
button to continue.
button. A confirmation message
3. Press and release the ERASE
shows on the CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
- If you are sure you want to proceed,
button again to
press the ERASE
erase DTCs from the vehicle's
computer.
- If you do not want to continue with the
erase process, press the ENTER/LD
button to exit the erase function.
4. If you chose to erase DTCs, a status
screen displays while the erase function
is in progress.
„
If the erase was successful, a
confirmation message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s LCD
display. press the ENTER/LD
button to exit.
Due to the differences in computer systems, the CanOBD2&1
Scan Tool can be used to erase codes for some vehicles,
while others require codes to be erased manually. If the “To
erase DTC’s consult the vehicle’s service repair manual...”
screen displays, you must consult the vehicle’s service repair
manual for procedures to erase DTCs.
112
CanOBD2&1
Erasing DTCs
OBD1 SYSTEMS
„
If the erase was not successful, an
advisory message shows on the
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool’s display.
Verify that the CanOBD2&1 Scan
Tool is properly connected to the
vehicle's DLC and that the ignition is
ON. If the erase process still does
not complete, turn the ignition OFF,
wait 10 seconds, then turn back ON
and repeat steps 2 and 3.
FORD systems will not display an erase was not successful
message. If the “One moment please erase in progress”
message on the display does NOT change after 3 minutes, it
indicates that the erase function has failed. Check the DLC
connections and make sure the ignition key is “ON”. Perform
the ERASE function again.
Erasing DTCs does not fix the problem(s) that caused the
code(s) to be set. If proper repairs to correct the problem that
caused the code(s) to be set are not made, the code(s) will
appear again and the check engine light will illuminate as soon
as the problem that cause the DTC to set manifests itself.
CanOBD2&1
113
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
CARB – California Air Resources Board
CCM – Central Control Module
Computer Control System – An electronic control system, consisting
of an on-board computer and related sensors, switches and actuators,
used to ensure peak performance and fuel efficiency while reducing
pollutants in the vehicle’s emissions.
DIY – Do-It-Yourself
DLC – Data Link Connector
Drive Cycle – An extended set of driving procedures that takes into
consideration the various types of driving conditions encountered in real
life.
Driving Condition – A specific environmental or operation condition
under which a vehicle is operated; such as starting the vehicle when
cold, driving at steady speed (cruising), accelerating, etc.
DTC(s) – Diagnostic Trouble Code(s)
EGR – Exhaust Gas Recirculation
EPA – Environmental Protection Agency
EVAP – Evaporative Emissions System
Fault Code – See DTCs
Freeze Frame – A digital representation of engine and/or emissions
system conditions present when a fault code was recorded.
FTP – Fuel Tank Pressure
Generic Code – A DTC that applies to all OBD2 compliant vehicles.
I/M Readiness – An indication of whether or not a vehicle’s emissionsrelated system are operating properly and are ready for Inspection and
Maintenance testing.
I/M Test / Emissions Test / Smog Check – A functional test of a
vehicle to determine if tailpipe emissions are within Federal/State/Local
requirements.
LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
LED – Light Emitting Diode
LTFT – Long Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio (long term).
Manufacturer Specific Code – A DTC that applies only to OBD2
compliant vehicles made by a specific manufacturer.
MIL – Malfunction Indicator Lamp (also referred to as “Check Engine”
light
OBD1 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 1 (also referred to as “OBD I”)
114
CanOBD2&1
Glossary
GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS
OBD2 – On-Board Diagnostics Version 2 (also referred to as “OBD II”)
On-Board Computer – The central processing unit in the vehicle’s
computer control system.
PCM – Powertrain Control Module
Pending Code – A code recorded on the “first trip” for a “two-trip” code.
If the fault that caused the code to be set is not detected on the second
trip, the code is automatically erased.
PID – Parameter Identification
STFT – Short Term Fuel Trim, is a program in the vehicle’s computer
designed to add or subtract fuel from the vehicle to compensate for
operating conditions that vary from the ideal A/F ratio. The vehicle uses
this program to make minor fuel adjustments (fine tune) on a short-term
basis.
Trip Drive Cycle – Vehicle operation that provides the necessary
driving condition to enable a vehicle Monitor to run and complete its
diagnostic testing.
VECI – Vehicle Emission Control Information Decal
CanOBD2&1
115
Notes
116
CanOBD2&1
Warranty and Replacement Parts
CRAFTSMAN TWO YEAR FULL WARRANTY
If this Craftsman Scan Tool fails due to a defect in material or
workmanship within two years from the date of purchase, return it to any
Sears store, Parts & Repair Service Center or other Craftsman outlet for
free repair (or replacement if repair proves impossible).
This warranty applies for only 90 days if this Scan Tool is ever used for
commercial or rental purposes.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state.
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179
REPLACEMENT PARTS AND TECHNICAL SUPPORT
CanOBD 2& 1 Unit
CanOBD2 Cable
GM OBD1 Adapter
Ford OBD1 Adapter
Chrysler OBD1 Adapter
Toyota / Lexus OBD1 Adapter
Extension Cable
PC - Link Cable
Diagnostic Software PC - Link
English Manual
Spanish Manual
French Manual
CanOBD 2& 1 Toolcase
MRP #05-1403C
MRP #05-4220
MRP #05-0005
MRP #05-0004
MRP #05-0006
MRP #05-0009
MRP #13-0007
MRP #13-0008
MRP #93-0212
MRP #93-0202
MRP #93-0203
MRP #93-0204
MRP #83-0026
For answers to your questions about this product, call:
1-800-544-4124
Craftsman Help Line
5 a.m. – 6 p.m., Mon. – Fri.
CanOBD2&1
117
Operator’s Manual
Get it fixed, at your home or ours!
Your Home
For expert troubleshooting and home solutions advice:
CanOBD2&1 Scan Tool
The Easiest and Best Way to Troubleshoot OBD2 and OBD1 Vehicles!
Model 09.20899
www.managemyhome.com
For repair – in your home – of all major brand appliances,
lawn and garden equipment, or heating and cooling systems,
no matter who made it, no matter who sold it !
For the replacement parts, accessories and
owner’s manuals that you need to do-it-yourself.
For Sears professional installation of home appliances
and items like garage door openers and water heaters.
1-800-4-MY-HOME®
(1-800-469-4663)
www.sears.com
Call anytime, day or night
(U.S.A. and Canada)
www.sears.ca
Our Home
For repair of carry-in items like vacuums, lawn equipment,
and electronics, call anytime for the location of the nearest
Sears Parts & Repair Service Center
1-800-488-1222 (U.S.A.)
www.sears.com
1-800-469-4663 (Canada)
www.sears.ca
To purchase a protection agreement on a product serviced by Sears:
1-800-827-6655 (U.S.A.)
Para pedir servicio de reparación
a domicilio, y para ordenar piezas:
1-888-SU-HOGAR®
(1-888-784-6427)
1-800-361-6665 (Canada)
Au Canada pour service en français:
1-800-LE-FOYERMC
(1-800-533-6937)
www.sears.ca
CAUTION: Before using this product,
read this manual and follow all its Safety
Rules and Operating Instructions.
© Sears Brands, LLC
® Registered Trademark / TM Trademark / SM Service Mark of Sears Brands, LLC
® Marca Registrada / TM Marca de Fábrica / SM Marca de Servicio de Sears Brands, LLC
MC
Marque de commerce / MD Marque déposée de Sears Brands, LLC
Copyright © 2007 IEC. All Right Reserved.
Instruction MRP #93-0202
For answers to your questions
about this product, call:
1-800-544-4124
Craftsman Help Line
5 a.m. – 6 p.m., Mon. – Fri.
Sears, Roebuck and Co., Hoffman Estates, IL 60179 U.S.A.
Visit the Craftsman website: www.sears.com/craftsman
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