Iowa Soccer Association U9/U10 Academy Coaching Manual Fall

Iowa Soccer Association U9/U10 Academy Coaching Manual Fall
Iowa Soccer Association
U9/U10 Academy
Coaching Manual Fall 2008
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
This manual was created for coaches who work with players in the U-9/U10 age groups in the ISA Academy; however; it can also be used by any ISA coach working in
those age groups. The U9/U10 age groups are often coined as the ‘Golden Age’ of player development, when players’ increased capacity for learning and endless
enthusiasm makes for an extremely fulfilling experience for players and coaches alike.
It is also a crucial stage in player development, the cementing of a technical foundation and the dawn of tactics. Coaches must understand the present needs of their age
group while, at the same time, retaining a long term vision.
This U9/U10 academy is player-centered, as opposed to being coach or team centered. A player-centered approach focuses on the needs of the player and guides the
coach towards a better understanding of what is appropriate for a specific age group and level.
There is no one way to teach, nor one definitive method that guarantees success. There is no magic formula in player development, nor are there any short cuts. There
are, however, certain principles that should help guide youth coaches. The best coaches are those who understand the basic principles of teaching soccer, but are also
not afraid to add their own personal touch.
Before coaches can start designing a player development program, they must understand the skill level, characteristics, and maturity level of their players. This is done
through observation in practices and games followed by a thorough, objective analysis. Too often, coaches design a practice program based on what they want the
players to learn, as opposed to what the players can handle. Coaches who are not skilled observers can easily misdiagnose the needs of the players.
In conclusion, player development takes place most effectively in environments where coaches facilitate learning in two main ways. The first is through the use of developmentally
appropriate activities, free play and games; the second is through the coach displaying a thorough understanding of how young players learn and the developmental characteristics
of those players.
CHARACTERISTICS OF U-10 PLAYERS
U9/U10 Motor Skill Development
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Boys and girls begin to develop differently and it makes sense now to separate the genders.
Stamina and ability to stay physically active have increased as compared to U-8, but players still lack adult-level stamina and tire quickly; however, they recover
quickly as well.
Young players are more prone than adults to heat injury.
Gross and small motor skills become more refined.
There is a great diversity in playing ability and physically mature individuals demonstrate stronger motor skills.
Children can make rapid gains in learning and function at increasingly sophisticated levels in the performance movement skills.
U9/U10 Cognitive Development
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Play at this age becomes less egocentric. The “Me” stage is disappearing and players begin to appreciate the benefits of cooperation with others.
This is the dawn of ‘team’ play and the understanding of what ‘being part of a team’ means. Introduction of ‘competitive’ and ‘cooperative’ activities is appropriate
and effective.
Players can get excited when a competitive activity gets ‘down to the wire’ and celebrate victory with loud enthusiasm.
The ‘cooperative’ types of activities teach them the value of team work and that some tasks are more easily accomplished when players work together.
Players begin to understand and appreciate the need for rules, limits and a code of conduct. When an individual breaks a practice rule set by the coach,
teammates get upset and will not be slow in reminding them.
Abstract thinking begins. The ability to sequence thoughts and action is evident, with some players beginning to think in advance of the ball. Hence, tactical
concepts of time and space can be introduced e.g. changing the direction of the ball, passing back in order to go forward, etc.
They exhibit a lengthened attention span compared to U-8, but still short compared to adults, therefore, explanations must still be brief, concise and purposeful.
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Repetitive technique is very important, but it must be dynamic, not static.
Players are intrinsically motivated to play. They are more inclined towards wanting to play rather than being told to play.
They also demonstrate increased responsibility e.g. bring ball and water to practice, carry own stuff etc.
U9/U10 Social Skill Development
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Adults outside the family (coach!) may take on added significance and the importance of the coach as a role model cannot be overstated.
Continued positive reinforcement is still the most effective communication tool as players are psychologically fragile.
Players may initiate play on their own at this stage. They become more serious about their play and start comparing themselves to teammates.
Peer pressure is significant as well as team identification. Players enjoy the uniforms and find it ‘cool’ to be part of a team.
Players begin to understand and see that repetitive practice of a technique results in improvement. This can be a great motivational tool, since they can now
connect the two concepts of ‘practice’ and ‘improvement’.
U9/U10 TECHNICAL AND TACTICAL DEVELOPMENT
It is critical to develop an intimate understanding of where the players are, in terms of technical ability, technical range, and tactical maturity. Of vital importance is the
technical range of players, or how far they can pass the ball with any power and accuracy, and what type of passes can they receive and control.
These aspects have a strong bearing on practice design.
Observations of U9/U10 players have yielded the following:
U9/U10 Technical Considerations
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The ability to strike a ball or properly estimate the weight of a pass is a clear deficiency.
The range of passing and accuracy varies, but for the most part, is very limited. For a typical U-10 player to get any distance on a pass, the ball and player must
be moving towards each other on contact. When required to pass from a stationary position, they can only muster enough power to hit a 10-15 yards pass.
First touch is a problem, with players not able to prepare the controlling surface effectively, and not having mastered the art of cushioning the ball.
Bending balls around opponents or into a players’ run is beyond them at this stage as all passes are straight line passes.
Crossing is beyond their ability although some players might be able to generate enough power to get the ball into the penalty area.
Dribbling at this age group is usually the most advanced, but mostly straight line dribbling. U-10 players tend to dribble a lot, partly because they like to
dribble and partly because they are so focused on looking at the ball that they lose field vision and are oblivious to their passing options.
Shielding is rarely used with players not knowing yet how to use their bodies to shield the ball or turn away from pressure.
U9/U10 Tactical Considerations
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Understanding of team shape is totally lacking. Players at the U9/U10 level do not know when to provide width or depth.
Players struggle with providing proper support for the ball carrier. Players often get caught in opponent’s ‘shadow’ and do not adjust their positions, hence
support angles are poor.
A front player’s instinct is to run away from the ball, straight to goal, denying good support ahead of the ball.
Players do not open their bodies to the field and have a limited vision of the field and their options.
Players cannot ‘read the pressure’ on teammates. This means they pass the ball to teammates who are closely marked.
There is practically no deception in the play of U9s/U10s. Most attacks are played along vertical lines with players’ instincts to play ‘Kick and Chase’ soccer.
U9/U10 Technical and Tactical Conclusions and Implications
Players in the U9/U10 age group are beginning to develop technically and now have a basic understanding of tactics and begin to anticipate the next play. A good coach
will help facilitate this development by encouraging free flowing soccer, guide instead of directing players toward improvement and make transition from offense to
defense and defense to offense a major part of their practice sessions.
However, for tactical development to occur, players must have a certain ‘threshold’ of technical ability that will allow them to focus less on the ball and more on learning
tactical lessons. Most U10 players do not possess this threshold of technical ability, therefore coaches should still focus on teaching their players the key fundamental
soccer techniques.
Players can now be asked to play in a position and should be exposed to different playing positions throughout the season. However, coaches must remember that
positions are fluid not fixed and that developmentally, many children will still have a difficult time playing a position. ISA recommends a 3 -2 team formation with 3
defenders and 2 attackers but there are a number of other formations that can be considered. Tactics and formations should not be a major part of your practice session
and coaches should not sacrifice a player’s technical development in order to win games.
PLANNING YOUR COACHING SESSION
Now that the developmental characteristics and technical/tactical development of U9/U10 players have been addressed it is important to incorporate that information into
the design of your U9/U10 training sessions.
Training Session Implications
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Sessions of 60-75 minutes (depends on the maturity of the group).
2 – 3 sessions per week and 1 game.
Frequent water breaks.
Choose activities that don’t require needless and excessive running. (The players need to be physically fresh for the technical work and emphasize maximum
ball touches throughout the session).
Technical development is the highest priority.
Tactical concepts can be taught but stay within their technical range and use clear and brief explanations.
Competition in practice is fun for them and they love activities that pit one group against the other.
Give the players more responsibility by asking them to carry out as many tasks as possible on their own, i.e. bring own equipment, split into groups, set the grids,
put on the bibs and gather the cones/balls.
Allow them to make their own decisions and solve their own problems in activities and games, and experience the consequences of their own decisions.
Provide guidance in appropriate doses and at the right moments, but now that they are able to connect cause to effect, learning by ‘trial and error’ is very
effective.
Activities must be organized to ensure every player achieves success, i.e. pairing opponents of similar ability in practice activities, using ‘inclusive’ games that
don’t eliminate the weakest player early.
Your U9/10 coaching sessions should follow three paths:
Free Play 40%: Examples – Heading World Cup, Soccer Tennis, World Cup, 1 v1 tournaments, small sided game tournaments and street soccer. Let them play with little
interruption.
Non -Themed Session 20%: In a non themed session you can pick a variety of activities to be included in your session but still follow a progression of warm up, small
sided activities and the game.
Themed Session 40% (30% technical - 10% tactical): The majority of your themed sessions should have a technical theme and you should try to include all the key
fundamental techniques during the season. Your choice of a theme may also be determined by what happens on game day, especially if there is an obvious weakness in
your team’s play. You will still follow a progression of warm up, small sided activities and the game.
U9/U10 Age Group Practice Objectives
Technical
• Dribbling: running with the ball, how to beat an opponent, changing direction while running with the ball, shielding the ball
• Passing: inside and outside of foot, chip pass, driven pass, lofted pass
• Receiving: ground balls with the inside/outside of foot, receiving air balls and bouncing balls
• Heading: Introduce attacking and defensive heading in a user friendly manner
• Shooting: finishing with different surfaces including volleys
• Turning
• Tackling
Tactics
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1 v 1 attacking
1 v1 defending - do players dive in or delay, do players recover the ball after losing possession?
Vision – players should be encouraged to play with their head up
Transition – does the team transition quickly from attack to defense after losing the ball and from defense to attack after winning the ball
Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 - Dribbling To Beat an Opponent
Organization
Warm Up- Multi Cone Dribbling
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Small Sided Activity – 1 v 1
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Small Sided Activity - 5 v 5 to End Zones
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
Set up random goals - 25 x 25 yard training area
Each player has a ball
Players dribble at the cones performing various
moves e.g. Step over, Matthews etc.
Challenge the players to beat as many cones as
possible in a set time period.
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Training area 20 x 15 yards with small goals
Organize the players into two teams of five, numbered
1- 5 on opposite end lines
The coach calls out a number, feeds a ball and those
two players play 1 v 1 to two small goals
Coach can call 2 numbers or 2 numbers from one team
and 1 from the other to create numbers up/numbers
down situations
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Go directly at the defender
Try to make the defender commit to the ball
When and where to fake
Vision and awareness – dribbling with head up
Accelerate into the space past and behind the
defender
Divide players into two equal teams. Training area 30
x 40 yards with end zones
A player scores by dribbling and controlling the ball
over the other teams’ end line
There are no throw-ins or kick-ins. If the ball goes out
of bounds the coach feeds in a new ball
Condition/Progression: Cannot pass forward
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Positive first touch
Positive dribbling mentality
Recognize 1 v 1 situations quickly
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + keepers
No conditions – Encourage players to recognize 1 v 1
situations and to dribble at opponents in appropriate
areas
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Close Control
Change of Pace - Accelerate past and behind the
cones
Change of direction
Body fakes/Eye fakes
Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 - Dribbling For Distance
Organization
Warm Up- Multi Goal Dribbling
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Small Sided Activity - Charge
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Small Sided Activity - 5 v 5 to End Zones
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
Set up random goals (Cones 2-3 yards apart) - 25 x 25
yard training area
Each player has a ball
Players try and score as many goals as possible by
dribbling through the goals in a set time period
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Minimum amount of touches to cover space
Dribble with the laces
Stretch to the ball
Training area 25 x 15 yards
Organize the players into two equal teams
All players have a ball and start on opposite end lines
When the coach shouts “charge”, they each dribble
towards each other and try to get to the opposite end
line and stop the ball on the line
The team that stops all their balls on the opposite end
line first scores 1 point. Play first to 5 points
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Keep head up while dribbling
Divide players into two equal teams. Training area 30
x 40 yards with end zones
A player scores by dribbling over the other team’s
end line
There are no throw-ins or kick-ins. If the ball goes out
of bounds the coach feeds in a new ball
Condition: Create numbers down situations to allow
more space for dribbling
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Recognize when and where there is space to dribble
Cover the space quickly
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + keepers
Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 Shooting
Organization
Warm Up
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Set up two goals and two 10 x 10 yard boxes 15 – 20
yards out from the goals
Divide the players into two teams of four in each box
with GKs and number them 1-4
The players dribble in their respective boxes until the
coach calls out a number
Those players then dribble toward their designated
goal and the first one to score wins 1 point
First team to five wins the game
Condition: Specify which foot to shoot with
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Selection of surface - Inside – placement v instep power
Position of non kicking foot
Ankle locked
Hips to goal
Follow through to goal
Body weight over ball
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Double penalty box training area
Each player with a ball
Groups of players at each diagonally opposite post
Train different kinds of shot: 1 v 1, distance, off the
dribble, off the turn etc
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Finish quickly but be composed
Power v Placement
Vision and awareness – GK position
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Preparation touch
Recognize shooting opportunities
Body shape facing goal
Proper pass to set up teammate
Combination play to set up yourself
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Double penalty box training area
3 v 1 in each half
Players must stay in their own half of the field
The 3 try to score on the GK at the opposite end
If the defender wins the ball they must pass to their
teammates in the opposite half. Defenders cannot
score
Condition - 2 touch
Progression – defenders can score
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4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers
Encourage a shooting mentality
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Small Sided Activity
Small Sided Activity 3-1 To Goal
The Game
Key Coaching Points
Name: Ian Bradley/George Curry
Topic: U9 – Receiving Ground Balls
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Small Sided Activity
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Small Sided Activity – 4 v 4 To Targets
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The Game
Key Coaching Points
Organization
Warm Up
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Split group into 2 equal teams
Half on the outside start with a ball
Players in the middle check to a ball
The receiving player takes a touch and plays the ball
directly back to the serving player
After the pass the player must check back to the cone
then receive the ball from another server
Rotate inside and outside players regularly
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Change of speed to meet pass
On your toes to receive the ball
Cushion the first touch
Communication
Eye contact between passer and receiver
As above, but two more players on the outside than on
the inside
Two servers on the outside start without a ball
The inside players check to receive a ball, they turn or
take their first touch to space and then pass to a
player on the outside without a ball
After each pass, players check back to the middle
Progression: Players in the middle now tracked by a
defender
Rotate inside and outside players regularly
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Get into the line of flight of the ball
Receive side-on or square on dependant upon
the pressure
Check behind as you receive the ball
First touch into space
Check to create space
Encourage the server to lead the player and pass
the ball to the correct foot
Awareness of where the defender is
Selection of surface to control the ball
35 x 25 Training Area
4 v 4 + 2 Targets. Target players may run the whole
length of the end line
Players score by passing the ball to the hands or feet
of their designated target player
If a target player receives the ball they must then pass
to an opposition player
Condition - Can only play to the target in the final third
of the field
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Set up forward pass with your first touch
Play to the target as early as possible
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers
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Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Receiving Air Balls
Organization
Warm Up
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Small Sided Activity
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Small Sided Activity - Zones
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
All players with ball dribbling in training area
On coaches command players pick up and toss the ball in
the air and receive the ball with different parts of their body
e.g. head, thigh, foot
Variations – 1) Pick the ball up with feet only. 2) Follow
what the coach does
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First touch and importance of cushioning ball
Get in line with the flight of the ball
Select controlling surface early
Relax body part at impact
Six servers on the outside with a ball in their hands.
Remaining players inside the circle
Inside players check to receive a ball from the outside
players and then plays the ball back to the feeding player
Outside players feed the balls in the air to work on
receiving with the following services: chest, thigh, head,
feet (ball out of the air with laces, inside, outside)
After each receive , players check back to the middle
Rotate inside and outside players regularly
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First touch sets up your second touch.
Ball should come down no farther than a “legs length”
away
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Keep your eye on the ball
Maintain body balance
30 x 20 training area. Divide the area into thirds
Form three teams of three. Two teams in the final thirds of
the area try to score against the team in the middle third
A point is scored against the team in the middle third when
a ball is played over or through their third in the air, to one
of the players in the opposite final third
The receiving player must take the ball out of the air, no
bounce, and then pass to a teammate in less than two
touches
If the ball goes out-of-bounds or the team in the middle
third wins the ball, the team responsible for the error goes
into the middle third
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers
Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Heading
Organization
Warm Up
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Small Sided Activity - 1 v 1
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Small Sided Activity - 2 v 2
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
Players move around in an open training area, one ball per
player
While moving, players toss the ball in the air and then
head it up in the air. (defensive heading)
Players then bring the ball under control and dribble away
Progression: Players head the ball down into their run
(attacking heading)
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Read the flight of the ball
Keep eye on the ball
Time jump to hit ball at highest point
5 yard x 5 yard training area
One player plays against the other with each player serving
themselves
The serving player attempts to head the ball across their
opponent’s goal line below waist height
If the defender catches the ball in front of their goal line they
may self serve from that area in an attempt to score
A player may choose to return the ball with a direct header
Have extra balls available behind each goal
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Lock neck and keep upper body rigid
Thrust forward from waist
Direct ball down and with force
Play a competition. First to three goals wins
Play 2v2 in a 14-x-10 yard area
Players are restricted to their own half
Play starts with one person serving the ball to their partner
who must attempt to score with their head
Goal must be scored below waist height of the opposing
GK
Defending team act as goal keepers and tries to score
when they get the ball
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Try to be deceptive
Placement of header
Get in the line of flight of the ball
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers
Give extra points for goals scored by headers
Name: Ian Bradley/George Curry
Topic: U9 Tackling
Organization
Warm up
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Set up a 20 x 20 yard training area
Pass and move to warm up
The players then have to get into pairs with one ball
between two
Then have the two players standing 2-3 steps either
side of the ball
On command both players should squarely step to
the ball and block tackle.
Encourage the players to use both feet
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Practice the correct technique for a block tackle
Inside of foot to the ball
Get weight into the tackle, body weight forward
Do not stretch or go to ground
Set up a 10 x 12 grid with one goal at either end
1 v 1, the players have to defend their goal
The coach serves the ball to slightly favor one player
Object is for the defending player to try to use the
block tackle technique to stop the other player scoring
Once one player has scored both players come off and
change with two different players from the opposite
teams.
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Close to the ball quickly
Maintain a good distance to tackle and recover
Get body behind tackle
Tackle without crossing feet
Try not to dive in and commit
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1 v 1 to goal -as above but….
Players attack goal they start at
Defender must recover goal side
Progression: Play 2 v 2
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Recover goal side as quickly as possible
Do not tackle from behind
Face up to opponent
Tackle firmly with closest foot
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4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers
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Small Sided Activity – 1 v 1
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Small Sided Activity – 1 v 1/ 2 v 2
Key Coaching Points
Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Short Passing – Inside and Outside of the Foot
Warm Up – Sequence Passing
Organization
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Small Sided Activity – Multi Goal Passing
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Small Sided Activity – 4 v 4 To Targets + Mini Goals
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
Divide group into 2 groups of 5 players.
Each group numbers themselves 1 through 5
2 groups pass through the number sequence while moving
around the field
Players must be moving at all times
Progression - Race through the sequence. First team to
complete two rotations sits down
Go backwards through the order. 5. 4. 3..2..1
Progression – pass and move no restrictions
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Eye contact between passer and receiver
Non kicking foot next to the ball, pointing in the
direction you want to pass
Lock the ankle
Strike through the middle of the ball
Body weight over the ball
Set up random goals (Cones 2-3 yards apart) - 25 x 25
yard training area
One ball between 2 players
Players try to score as many goals as possible by passing
through the goals. Pairs must move to another goal each
time
Use inside and/or the outside of the foot
Count the number of passes in 45 seconds
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Weight of the pass
Timing of the pass
Keep the ball moving
Divide the group into two teams of 5 each team wearing a
different color.
Set up a field that is wider than it is long with three small
goals on each end line.
Play 4 v 4 on the field with 1 player from each team
standing behind the end line that their team is attacking
Scoring: +1 point for any ball passed through a small goal.
+ 3 points for any ball passed through a small goal and
received by your target player
Target players behind the end line can move and cover
behind any of the 3 goals
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Play to the target as early as possible
Team Shape, width and depth
Communication
Movement after the pass
4 v 4 and 5 v 5 + Keepers
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Name: Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Small Sided Games
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Let Them Play
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Divide players into two equal teams.
Use up to half a field with no out of bounds and a trash can
in the middle of the field.
Score a goal when you hit the barrel. The game is
continuous and continues even when a goal is scored.
If players congregate around the can place a 2 yard circle
around the can that players cannot enter.
Condition: Can only score with a first time finish.
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Divide players into two equal teams
40 x 30 training area
Players defend and attack two goals
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Let Them Play
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Divide players into two equal teams on a 30 x 40 yard
training area
Make diagonal goals with flags or cones in each corner of
the field
When a goal is scored or the ball goes out of bounds, the
coach plays in a new ball to keep the game flowing
The object of the game is to score through any of the 4
corner goals by passing or shooting
Progression: Assign each team two goals to attack and
two goals to defend
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Let Them Play
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Four Goals
Corner Goals
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Balls Galore
Key Coaching Points
Organization
Kick The Can
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4 v4 plus GKS in a 40 x 30 training area.
Play a normal small-sided game with the exception of
playing with multiple balls fed in by the coach.
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Let Them Play
Name: George Curry/Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Street Soccer Games
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World Cup
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Soccer Golf
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Headers and Volleys
Key Coaching Points
Organization
Soccer Tennis
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Split group into 2 equal teams
The rules are the same as tennis and the ball is
allowed to bounce once when it comes over the net
from the other team
To score a point you must get the ball over the net
without the other team returning it
Each player is allowed a maximum of three touches
and can be touched by three players before being
returned
The first team to get to 11 points wins. Can score
when serving or receiving
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Let Them Play
Five teams of 2 players or 3 team of 3
GK can be the coach
Game is played to one goal. The coach has a number
of balls ready to play in
If 5 teams of 2 the first team to score gets 5 points and
leaves the field. The remaining four teams play for 4,
3, 2 and 1 point
Play five or six times and see who scores the most
points
World Cup can also be played by eliminating teams
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Let Them Play
Half field training area with multiple gates
Each player has a ball
The players will start at the first gate which is
designated by the coach
Once the a player has got the ball through a gate he
will then move onto the next gate and so on till there
are no more gates left
The player with the least number of touches after
passing the ball through all the gates, wins
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Let Them Play
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + Keepers - The coach can be the
keeper
The game is played in one goal. The coach has a
number of balls ready to play in
Goals can only be scored from headers or volleys
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Let Them play
Name: Gareth Smith/George Curry
Topic: U9 – Passing and Receiving – Foundation for Possession
Organization
Warm up
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Small Sided Activity
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Small Sided Activity - Timed Possession Game
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The Game
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Key Coaching Points
As players arrive organize a small-sided scrimmage
(play 2v2, 3v3, 4v4). Play until all players have arrived
Play for 10-12 minutes
The coach will feed the balls in each time one goes
out of play
•
Try not to coach and allow players to play freely.
Organize players into groups of two with one ball per
group
Organize 8-10 small goals (2-3 yards apart) randomly
around a small field
Players score goals by passing through the gates
Once they score at one goal they move onto another in
no particular order and then try to score as many goals
as possible in 30 seconds
Challenge players to work together by passing and
receiving to score as many goals as they can
•
•
•
•
•
Explore using different parts of the foot to pass the ball
through the gates.
Square body up to the ball when receiving
Weight and accuracy of the pass
Moving to an open goal after you pass the ball
Good first touch (absorb/cushion the ball when receiving it)
Play 5 v 1 in a 20 x 20 grid
5 attackers start inside the grid and the other
defenders start outside the grid
The coach sends a ball into the gird and starts his stop
watch
As the first ball is sent in the first defender enters the
grid to try to win the ball, when the defender wins the
ball (by kicking it out of the grid) they go back and tag
the next defender who enters and tries to win the ball
After 5 balls have been played in the coach stops his
watch and gives the team their time
The teams then switch roles
The team with the most time wins the ball, play 4-5
games
•
•
•
•
Controlling touch away from pressuring defender
Supporting players working to provide open passing lanes
Weight and accuracy of pass
Different types of passes to use in different situations.
4 v4 or 5 v 5 + keepers
Name: George Curry/Ian Bradley
Topic: U9 – Passing and Support
Organization
Warm Up
•
•
•
Small-Sided Activity - 2 v 2 to Targets
Small-Sided Activity – 2 v 2 + 4 Keep Away
•
Try not to coach and allow players to play freely.
•
•
•
•
2 v 2 to targets
End players play to own colors
Play into end players (targets) for a goal
Once they have hit one target at one end they must go
to the other end and play into the other target
•
•
•
•
Movement without the ball
When to pass or dribble
Can I score?
Look to penetrate by passing, dribbling, combining
•
•
•
2 v 2 + 4 outside players
Outside players can move along the line
Play 2 v 2 in the middle area with the 4 outside players
supporting whichever team has possession of the ball
Method of scoring is to connect in 3’s. If they connect
in 2’s they still keep possession, but no goal
•
Can they involve 3 players? When ball is played to outside
rd
player, the ball is played back into 3 player
Move to receive the ball
Head up (vision)
Movement to lose defender
•
The Game
As players arrive organize a small-sided scrimmage
(play 2v2, 3v3, 4v4). Play until all players have arrived
Play for 10-12 minutes
The coach will feed the balls in each time one goes
out of play
Key Coaching Points
•
4 v 4 or 5 v 5 + keepers
•
•
•
Iowa Soccer Association U9/U10 Academy Manual
By Ian Bradley, State Director of Coaching, Iowa Soccer Association
Special thanks to Jacob Daniel, Director of Coaching, Georgia Youth Soccer Association
(Written Content), George Curry, Gary Eyles, Director of Coaching Ames Soccer Club
and John Sheridan Director of Coaching, Urbandale Soccer Club (Lesson Plans)
for their help and assistance with this manual.
If you have any questions, please contact Ian Bradley at 515-252-6363
or by e-mail at [email protected]
Updated September 2008
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