1642-VLZ3 16-Channel Mic/Line Mixer Owner`s Manual

1642-VLZ3 16-Channel Mic/Line Mixer Owner`s Manual
1642-VLZ3
16-Channel Mic/Line Mixer
OWNER’S MANUAL
1642-VLZ3
Important Safety Instructions
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long
periods of time.
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required
when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as powersupply cord or plug is damaged, liquid has been spilled or objects have
fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed to rain or
moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers,
stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type
plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other.
A grounding-type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong.
The wide blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the
provided plug does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for
replacement of the obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched particularly at
plugs, convenience receptacles, and the point where they exit from the
apparatus.
11. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12. Use only with a cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table specified by the
manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus. When a cart is used, use
caution when moving the cart/apparatus combination to avoid injury
from tip-over.
PORTABLE CART WARNING
Carts and stands - The
Component should be used
only with a cart or stand
that is recommended by
the manufacturer.
A Component and cart
combination should be
moved with care. Quick
stops, excessive force, and
uneven surfaces may cause
the Component and cart
combination to overturn.
CAUTION
AVIS
RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT OPEN
RISQUE DE CHOC ELECTRIQUE
NE PAS OUVRIR
CAUTION: TO REDUCE THE RISK OF ELECTRIC SHOCK
DO NOT REMOVE COVER (OR BACK)
NO USER-SERVICEABLE PARTS INSIDE
REFER SERVICING TO QUALIFIED PERSONNEL
ATTENTION: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES DE CHOC
ELECTRIQUE, NE PAS ENLEVER LE COUVERCLE. AUCUN
ENTRETIEN DE PIECES INTERIEURES PAR L'USAGER. CONFIER
L'ENTRETIEN AU PERSONNEL QUALIFIE.
AVIS: POUR EVITER LES RISQUES D'INCENDIE OU
D'ELECTROCUTION, N'EXPOSEZ PAS CET ARTICLE
A LA PLUIE OU A L'HUMIDITE
The lightning flash with arrowhead symbol within an equilateral
triangle is intended to alert the user to the presence of uninsulated
"dangerous voltage" within the product's enclosure, that may be
of sufficient magnitude to constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
Le symbole éclair avec point de flèche à l'intérieur d'un triangle
équilatéral est utilisé pour alerter l'utilisateur de la présence à
l'intérieur du coffret de "voltage dangereux" non isolé d'ampleur
suffisante pour constituer un risque d'éléctrocution.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to
alert the user of the presence of important operating and maintenance
(servicing) instructions in the literature accompanying the appliance.
Le point d'exclamation à l'intérieur d'un triangle équilatéral est
employé pour alerter les utilisateurs de la présence d'instructions
importantes pour le fonctionnement et l'entretien (service) dans le
livret d'instruction accompagnant l'appareil.
2
1642-VLZ3
15. This apparatus shall not be exposed to dripping or splashing, and no
object filled with liquids, such as vases or beer glasses, shall be placed
on the apparatus.
16. This apparatus has been designed with Class-I construction and must
be connected to a mains socket outlet with a protective earthing connection (the third grounding prong).
17. This apparatus has been equipped with an all-pole, rocker-style AC
mains power switch. This switch is located on the rear panel and
should remain readily accessible to the user.
18. This apparatus does not exceed the Class A/Class B (whichever is
applicable) limits for radio noise emissions from digital apparatus as
set out in the radio interference regulations of the Canadian Department
of Communications.
ATTENTION — Le présent appareil numérique n’émet pas de bruits
radioélectriques dépassant las limites applicables aux appareils numériques de
class A/de class B (selon le cas) prescrites dans le réglement sur le brouillage
radioélectrique édicté par les ministere des communications du Canada.
19. Exposure to extremely high noise levels may cause permanent hearing
loss. Individuals vary considerably in susceptibility to noise-induced
hearing loss, but nearly everyone will lose some hearing if exposed to
sufficiently intense noise for a period of time. The U.S. Government’s
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) has specified
the permissible noise level exposures shown in the following chart.
According to OSHA, any exposure in excess of these permissible limits
could result in some hearing loss. To ensure against potentially dangerous exposure to high sound pressure levels, it is recommended that all
persons exposed to equipment capable of producing high sound pressure levels use hearing protectors while the equipment is in operation.
Ear plugs or protectors in the ear canals or over the ears must be worn
when operating the equipment in order to prevent permanent hearing
loss if exposure is in excess of the limits set forth here.
Duration Per Day
In Hours
Sound Level dBA,
Slow Response
8
90
6
92
4
95
3
97
2
100
1.5
102
1
105
0.5
110
0.25 or less
115
Typical
Example
Duo in small club
Subway Train
Very loud classical music
Dave screaming at Steve about deadlines
Loudest parts at a rock concert
WARNING — To reduce the risk of fire or
electric shock, do not expose this apparatus
to rain or moisture.
We realize that you must have a powerful
hankerin’ to try out your new 1642-VLZ3. Or
you might be one of those people who never
reads manuals. All we ask is that you read
this page NOW, and read the rest later— you’ll be glad
you did.
Other Nuggets of Wisdom
For optimum sonic performance, the channel faders and the MAIN MIX fader should be set near the “U”
(unity gain) markings.
Always turn down the MAIN MIX fader and CONTROL
ROOM and PHONES knobs before making connections
to your 1642-VLZ3, or turning PHANTOM POWER on.
WARNING: Before you plug the AC power
cord into the mixer, make sure the VOLTAGE
SELECTOR switch is set to the same voltage
as your local AC mains supply (see page 13).
If you shut down your equipment, turn off your amplifiers first. When powering up, turn them on last.
Level-Setting Procedure
Instant Mixing
Message to seasoned pros: do NOT set levels using the
old “Turn the trim up until the clip light comes on, then
back off a hair” trick. When a Mackie mixer clip light
comes on, you really are about to clip.
Save the shipping box! You may need it someday.
Here’s how to get going right away, assuming you own
a microphone and a keyboard:
1. Plug your microphone into Channel 1’s MIC
input.
This procedure really works — it assures low noise
and high headroom. Please read on.
2. Turn on the 1642-VLZ3.
It’s not even necessary to hear what you’re doing to
set optimal levels. But if you’d like to: Plug headphones
into the PHONES output jack, then set the PHONES
knob about one-quarter of the way up.
4. Connect cords from the MAIN OUT jacks to
your amplifier.
The following steps must be performed one channel at
a time:
7. Engage (push in) Channel 1’s L/R switch.
1. Turn the GAIN, AUX send and fader controls
fully down.
2. Be sure the 1–2, 3–4 and L/R channel assignment switches are all disengaged.
3. Set the EQ knobs at the center detents.
3. Perform the Level-Setting Procedure.
5. Hook up speakers to the amp and turn it on.
6. Set channel 1’s fader to the “U” mark.
8. Set the MAIN MIX fader one-quarter of the way
up.
9. Sing like a canary!
10. Plug your keyboard into channels 3 and 4.
11. Turn channel 3’s PAN knob fully left and channel 4’s PAN knob fully right.
4. Connect the signal source to the MIC or LINE
channel input.
12. Set those faders to the “U” mark.
5. Engage (push in) the channel’s SOLO switch.
14. Engage the L/R switch on these channels.
6. Push in the MODE switch in the output section
(LEVEL SET (PFL) mode) — the LEVEL SET
LED will light.
15. Play like a madman and sing like a canary!
7. Play something into the selected input, at realworld levels.
Please write your serial number here for future
reference (i.e., insurance claims, tech support,
return authorization, make dad proud, etc.)
8. Adjust the GAIN control so that the display on
the meter stays around “0.” (Only the left meter
is active in the Level-Setting Procedure.)
9. If you’d like to apply some EQ, do so now and
return to the previous step.
Owner’s Manual
Read This Page!
13. Perform the Level-Setting Procedure.
Purchased at:
10. Disengage that channel’s SOLO switch.
11. Repeat for each channel.
Part No. 0019817 Rev. B
©2006 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Are your teeth really so-brilliantly-white that you can't stand it? Do the popular kids all giggle as you walk past on the beach? Me too. Ever thought about
a career as a technical writer?
Date of purchase:
Owner’s Manual
3
1642-VLZ3
Introduction
Thank you for choosing a Mackie professional compact mixer. The 1642-VLZ3 is equipped with our
precision-engineered XDRTM Extended Dynamic Range
premium studio-grade mic preamps
This icon marks information that is critically
important or unique to the 1642-VLZ3. For your
own good, read them and remember them. They
will be on the final test.
Now that you have your 1642-VLZ3, find out how to get
the most from it. That’s where this manual comes in.
This icon will lead you to in-depth explanations of features and practical tips. While not
mandatory, they usually have some valuable
nuggets of information.
How To Use This Manual
Since many of you folks will want to hook up your
1642-VLZ3 immediately, the first pages you will encounter after the table of contents are the ever-popular
hookup diagrams. These show typical mixer setups for
Recording and Stereo PA. After this section is a detailed
tour of the entire mixer.
Every feature of the 1642-VLZ3 is described “geographically;” in other words, in order of where it is
physically placed on the mixer’s top or rear panel. These
descriptions are divided into the first three sections,
just as your mixer is organized into three distinct zones:
Appendix A is a section on troubleshooting and repair
information.
Appendix B is a section on connectors: XLR connectors, TRS balanced connectors, TS unbalanced connectors, and Insert connectors.
Appendix C shows the technical specifications, and
a block diagram showing the internal signal path and
general goings-on within the mixer.
Patchbay: The patchbay along the top and back,
where you connect things.
Channel Strip: The channel strips on the left where
you adjust each channel.
Output Section: The output section on the right.
Throughout these chapters you’ll find illustrations,
with each feature numbered. If you’re curious about a
feature, simply locate it on the appropriate illustration,
notice the number attached to it, and find that number
in the nearby paragraphs.
Need help with your new mixer?
• Visit www.mackie.com and click Support to find:
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions), manuals, addendums, and
user forums.
• Email us at: [email protected]
• Telephone 1-800-898-3211 to speak with one of our splendid
technical support representatives, (Monday through Friday,
from 7 a.m. to 5 p.m. PST).
4
1642-VLZ3
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS ........................ 2
INTRODUCTION ...................................................... 4
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS............................................... 6
PATCHBAY DESCRIPTION
E-Z INTERFACING ..................................... 8
MIC AND LINE INPUT FLEXIBILITY ............. 8
1. MIC INPUTS ............................................ 8
PHANTOM POWER .................................. 8
2. LINE INPUTS ............................................ 9
3. GAIN ...................................................... 9
4. INSERT .................................................... 9
5. DIRECT OUT (ON REAR PANEL) ............... 10
RECORDING ........................................... 10
DOUBLE BUSING .................................... 10
6. AUX SEND OUTPUTS ............................. 11
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR PARALLEL? .............. 11
STEREO RETURN INPUTS ........................ 11
SUB OUTS ............................................. 11
CONTROL ROOM OUTPUTS ..................... 11
PHONES OUTPUTS.................................. 11
TAPE OUTPUT ........................................ 12
TAPE INPUT ........................................... 12
MAIN INSERT ......................................... 12
MAIN OUTS .......................................... 12
MONO OUTPUT...................................... 12
MONO LEVEL ......................................... 13
VOLTAGE SELECTOR ................................ 13
POWER CONNECTION ............................. 13
FUSE...................................................... 13
POWER SWITCH..................................... 13
POWER LED ........................................... 13
22. PHANTOM SWITCH ................................ 13
23. 48V LED ................................................ 13
24. BNC LAMP SOCKET ................................. 13
CHANNEL STRIP DESCRIPTION
25. CHANNEL FADER .................................... 14
26. ASSIGN (1–2, 3–4, L/R) ........................ 14
27. SOLO ..................................................... 14
28. –20 (SOLO) LED ..................................... 15
29. OL (MUTE) LED ....................................... 15
30. MUTE .................................................... 15
31. PAN....................................................... 15
STEREO SOURCES ................................... 15
CONSTANT LOUDNESS ! ! ! ...................... 16
32. 3-BAND MID-SWEEP EQ ......................... 16
33. 4-BAND FIXED-FREQUENCY EQ ............... 17
34. LOW CUT .............................................. 17
35. AUX 1, 2, 3, & 4 .................................... 17
36. PRE ....................................................... 17
Owner’s Manual
Contents
OUTPUT SECTION DESCRIPTION
37. MAIN MIX FADER .................................... 18
38. SUBGROUP FADERS ............................... 18
39. ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX............................ 18
40. TAPE IN (LEVEL) ..................................... 19
41. TAPE TO MAIN MIX ................................ 19
42. CONTROL ROOM SOURCE ...................... 19
43. CONTROL ROOM AND PHONES............... 19
44. MODE (SOLO AFL/PFL)........................... 20
45. LEVEL SET LED ........................................ 20
46. SOLO (LEVEL) ......................................... 20
47. RUDE SOLO LIGHT .................................. 20
48. METERS ................................................. 20
METERS VS. REALITY .............................. 21
AUX DISCUSSION ................................... 21
49. AUX SENDS (MASTER) ............................ 21
50.
51.
52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
AUX SENDS SOLO AND LED..................... 22
STEREO RETURNS (LEVEL)....................... 22
TO AUX 1 AND TO AUX 2 ....................... 22
MAIN MIX TO SUBS (FOR RETURN 3)...... 22
1–2/3–4 (FOR RETURN 3) ..................... 22
C-R/PHNS ONLY (FOR RETURN 4) .......... 23
RETURNS SOLO ...................................... 23
APPENDIX A: SERVICE INFORMATION .................... 24
APPENDIX B: CONNECTIONS.................................. 25
APPENDIX C: TECHNICAL INFORMATION ................ 28
SPECIFICATIONS ............................................. 28
BLOCK DIAGRAM ............................................ 29
TRACK SHEET.................................................. 30
1642-VLZ3 LIMITED WARRANTY........................... 31
Owner’s Manual
5
6
Powered Monitors
1642-VLZ3
MAIN
INSERT
MONO
R
L
BAL/UNBAL
DIRECT OUT
CHANNEL INSERTS
CHANNEL INPUTS
Out
BAL/UNBAL
In
AUX SENDS
R
8 Track Recorder
BAL/UNBAL
MAIN OUT
L
From Mics, Keys,
Drum machines
etc.
STEREO RETURNS
C/R OUT TAPE TAPE
BAL/UNBAL OUT
IN
Cassette Recorder
BAL/UNBAL
SUB OUTS
Stereo Processor
OUT
PHONES
1642-VLZ3
HOOKUP DIAGRAMS
Stereo Compressor
Headphones
Recording System
EFX A
EFX B
Guitar
Drum
Machine
DIRECT OUT
Keyboard
Stereo Effects
Turntable
Stereo Compressors
BAL/UNBAL
Mono Effects
CHANNEL INSERTS
Guitar
CHANNEL INPUTS
Bass
Owner’s Manual
Mic 1-5
Mono EQs, M-1400i Amps,
and (C300) Passive Stage Monitors
BAL/UNBAL
SUB OUTS
CD Player
AUX SENDS
BAL/UNBAL
L
MAIN
INSERT
C/R OUT TAPE TAPE
BAL/UNBAL OUT
IN
Stereo Processor
STEREO RETURNS
Processor
MONO
L
R
Active
PA Speaker/
Subwoofer
combination
(Pole-mounted
SRM450s and
SRS1500 active
Subwoofers
pictured)
MAIN OUT
R
Phono preamp Additional
stereo source
Processor
OUT
PHONES
Digital Multitrack
Recorder
Headphones
Live Stereo PA System
Owner’s Manual
7
1642-VLZ3
Patchbay Description
1
2
4
At the risk of stating the obvious, this is where you
plug everything in: microphones, line-level instruments
and effects, and the ultimate destination for your sound:
a tape recorder, PA system, etc. Many of the features described in this section are on top of the mixer, but some
are on the rear panel.
See Appendix B for further details and drawings of
the connectors you can use with the 1642-VLZ3. Also see
the Channel Strip description on page 14 for details of
the signal routing from the XLR and Line inputs.
E-Z INTERFACING
Concerned about levels, balancing, impedances, polarity, or other interface goblins?
Don’t be. On your 1642-VLZ3, you can patch anything
almost anywhere, with nary a care. Here’s why:
•
Every input and output is balanced (except
inserts, phones and RCA jacks).
•
Every input and output will also accept unbalanced lines (except XLR jacks).
•
Every input is designed to accept virtually any
output impedance.
•
The main left and right mix outputs can deliver
28 dBu into as low as a 600 ohm load.
•
All the other outputs can deliver 22 dBu into as
low as a 600 ohm load.
•
All the outputs are in phase with the inputs.
All we ask is that you perform the Level-Setting Procedure on page 3, every time you patch in a new sound
source. So stop worrying and start mixing!
8
1. MIC INPUTS
We use phantom-powered, balanced microphone
inputs just like the big studio mega- consoles, for
exactly the same reason: This kind of circuit is excellent at rejecting hum and noise. You can plug in almost
any kind of mic that has a standard XLR-type male mic
connector. Always be sure to perform the Level-Setting
Procedure. If you wire your own connectors, make them
like this:
Pin 1 = ground or shield
Pin 2 = positive (+ or hot)
Pin 3 = negative (– or cold)
Professional ribbon, dynamic, and condenser mics will
all sound excellent through these inputs. The 1642VLZ3’s mic inputs will handle almost any kind of mic
level you can toss at them, without overloading.
Not every instrument is made to connect directly to a
mixer. Guitars commonly need a Direct Injection (DI)
box to connect to the mixer's MIC inputs. These boxes
convert unbalanced line-level signals from your guitar,
into balanced mic-level outputs, and provide signal and
impedance matching. They also let you send your gifted
guitar renditions over long cables or audio snakes, with
minimum interference and high-frequency signal loss.
Ask your dealer or guitar maker about their recommendations for a good DI box.
PHANTOM POWER
MIC AND LINE INPUT FLEXIBILITY
Most condenser mics require phantom power, where
the mixer sends low-current DC voltage to the mic’s
electronics through the same wires that carry audio.
The 1642-VLZ3’s phantom power is globally controlled
by the PHANTOM [22] switch on the rear panel.
Channels 1-8 are mono channels with MIC [1] and
LINE [2] inputs, featuring our XDR Extended Dynamic
Range mic preamp circuitry. Channels 9-10 and 11-12
are stereo pairs with left and right LINE inputs and a
single MIC input feeding each pair. Channels 13-14 and
15-16 are stereo pairs with LINE inputs only.
Semipro condenser mics often have batteries to accomplish the same thing. “Phantom” owes its name to an
ability to be “unseen” by dynamic mics (Shure® SM57/
SM58, for instance) that don’t need external power and
aren’t affected by it.
1642-VLZ3
2. LINE INPUTS
These 1/4" jacks share circuitry (but not phantom
power) with the mic preamps. You can use these inputs
for virtually any signal you’ll come across, from instrument levels as low as –50 dB to operating levels of –10
dBV to +4 dBu, as there is 45 dB of gain available via the
GAIN [3] knob. Note that channels 1-8 line inputs are
intially attenuated by 15 dB.
Always be sure to perform the Level-Setting Procedure (page 3) when you connect a new input.
To learn how signals are routed from these inputs,
see the details lovingly described in the Channel Strip
section.
To connect balanced lines to these inputs, use a 1/4"
tip-ring-sleeve (TRS) plug, the type found on some
stereo headphones:
Tip = positive (+ or hot)
Ring = negative (– or cold)
Sleeve = shield or ground
To connect unbalanced lines to these inputs, use a
1/4" mono (TS) phone plug or standard instrument
cable:
Tip = signal (+)
Sleeve = ground
3. GAIN
3
These controls are not in the patchbay, but
they are the top row of knobs in the channel
strip section. (They are so vitally linked with
the inputs, this seemed like a good place to
describe them.)
This 15 dB of attenuation can be very handy when you
are inserting a signal that is very hot, or you want to add
a lot of EQ gain, or both. Without this “virtual pad,” a
scenario like this might lead to channel clipping.
The GAIN controls for stereo channels 9-10 and 11-12
are only used to adjust the Mic inputs. The line inputs
are set to unity gain.
The GAIN controls for channels 13-14 and 15-16 only
adjust the line-level inputs, as they have no Mic inputs.
4. INSERT
Found only on channels 1–8, these 1/4" unbalanced
jacks are for connecting serial effects processors such
as compressors, equalizers, de-essers, or filters. The
insert point is after the GAIN [3] control, but before the
channel’s EQ [32], LOW CUT [34], FADER [25] and
MUTE [30] controls.
Owner’s Manual
Unless you know for certain it is safe to do
so, never plug single-ended (unbalanced)
microphones, instruments, ribbon mics, or
electronic devices into the MIC [1] input jacks if the
phantom power is on.
Insert cables must be wired thusly:
tip
SEND to processor
ring
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
Tip = send (to effects device input)
Ring = return (from effects device output)
Sleeve = common ground
Even though channels 1–8 already have DIRECT OUT
[5] jacks, INSERT jacks can also be used as channel
direct outputs (as they are post-GAIN, pre-EQ, pre-LOW
CUT, pre-FADER, and pre-MUTE).
Appendix B, page 27 has a lovely diagram (Figure F)
showing three ways you can use the INSERT jacks.
Every time you plug something into a
MIC [1] or LINE [2] input jack, you should
perform the Level-Setting Procedure, and that
procedure is basically “how to use the GAIN
knob.”
GAIN adjusts the input sensitivity of the
MIC and LINE inputs. This allows signals
from the outside world to be adjusted to
optimal internal operating levels.
Through the XLR jack (MIC), there
will be 0 dB of gain with the knob fully
down, ramping to 60 dB of gain fully up.
Through the 1/4" input (LINE), there
is 15 dB of attenuation fully down and 45
dB of gain fully up, with unity gain (U) at 10:00.
Owner’s Manual
9
1642-VLZ3
6
5
9
8
7
5. DIRECT OUT
Double Busing
Only on channels 1–8, these 1/4" balanced jacks
deliver the signal from the very end of the channel path;
post-GAIN [3], post-EQ [32], post-LOW CUT [34], postFADER [25], and post-MUTE [30]. Use these for recording, making the 1642-VLZ3 perfect for an 8-track studio.
How on earth do you get four buses to feed
eight tracks? Double busing!
•
Bus 1 feeds SUB OUT 1 and SUB OUT 5, which
in turn feed tracks 1 and 5
•
Bus 2 feeds SUB OUT 2 and SUB OUT 6, which
in turn feed tracks 2 and 6
•
Bus 3 feeds SUB OUT 3 and SUB OUT 7, which
in turn feed tracks 3 and 7
•
Bus 4 feeds SUB OUT 4 and SUB OUT 8, which
in turn feed tracks 4 and 8
RECORDING
When recording, you use the first two channels for
your sound sources: vocal mics, drum mics, keyboard/
synth outputs, guitar effects outputs, that sort of thing.
From there, the channels manipulate the sound, but
are not assigned to the output section. Instead, they’re
patched from the channel’s DIRECT OUT [5] jacks to
any of your 8 multitrack inputs. This allows recording of
two tracks at a time. By reconnecting the Direct Outs to
the different tape inputs, you can record to all of the 8
tracks.
Once the tracking is completed, the outputs of the
multitrack are then patched to channels 3-12 LINE
[2] inputs on the 1642-VLZ3 (multitrack out 1 to LINE
input 3, 2 to 4, 3 to 5, etc.). Aha! That’s why it says
“TRACK 1” next to channel 3’s fader, “TRACK 2” next to
channel 4, and so forth. These channels (3–12) will be
assigned to the mixer’s output section, delivering the
signals to their ultimate destination, which may be your
mixdown 2-track, your control room system, or your
headphones.
Patch the 8 SUB OUTs to the inputs of the 8-track
deck. Tracks in record mode will accept the signal, and
tracks in safe mode will ignore the signal.
The advantages: You can assign any channel to any
track, without repatching. You can assign multiple channels to one track and control the overall level of that
subgroup. You can’t bounce tracks without this feature.
By returning the outputs of the effects processors to
13/14 (EFX A) and 15/16 (EFX B), you can choose to
record or Monitor with effects.
Perhaps the best recording method is a combination
of both approaches: Use the SUB OUTS to feed multichannel submixes (like a drum kit) to some of the
tracks, and the DIRECT OUT jacks to feed single-channel signals (like bass guitar) to the other tracks.
But let’s not forget that the 1642-VLZ3 is a 4-bus
mixer. These buses lead to the SUB OUTS [8], and are
designed to accomplish the task of getting channels to
the multitrack without using the direct outputs.
For example, a channel is assigned to SUB OUT 1.
SUB OUT 1’s output is patched to multitrack input 1.
From there, the multitrack output goes to the mixer’s
channel 3 LINE input, as we just discussed.
10
1642-VLZ3
The point is that you never listen directly to the
source channels. You listen to the monitor channels
(3–12) and they’re listening to the multitrack that is
listening to the source channels. The main advantage
is that you won’t be forced to constantly repatch your
multitrack — just set it up and forget it. You’ll also
know for certain that the signals are indeed getting to
the multitrack, since you’re constantly listening to it.
6. AUX SEND OUTPUTS
EFFECTS: SERIAL OR PARALLEL?
“Serial” means that the entire signal leaves the mixer
(INSERT send), is routed through the effects device,
and returns to the mixer (INSERT return). Examples:
compressor, limiter, graphic equalizer. Line-level
sources can also be patched through a serial effects
device before or after the mixer.
Insert
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Compressor)
Processed
Signal
“Parallel” means that a portion of the signal in the
mixer is tapped off to the device (AUX SEND), processed, and returned to the mixer (STEREO RETURN)
to be mixed with the original “dry” signal. This way,
multiple channels can all make use of the same effects
device. Examples: reverb, digital delay.
Aux
Send
Aux
Return
Signal Processor
(e.g., Reverb)
Output
Section
Wet Signal
Mix
Stage
Channel Path
Dry Signal(s)
These 1/4" jacks are usually patched to the inputs of
your control room amplifier or a headphone distribution
amplifier. See page 19, CONTROL ROOM and PHONES
[43] for details of the signal routing to these outputs.
10. PHONES OUTPUTS
You’ve heard us carelessly toss around the terms “serial” and “parallel.” Here’s what we mean by them:
Dry Signal
These 1/4" jacks are usually patched to the inputs of a
multitrack deck, or to secondary amplifiers in a complex
installation. See page 18 for details of the SUBGROUP
FADERS [38]. (See also the discussion on double busing on the previous page.)
9. C-R OUTS (CONTROL ROOM OUTPUTS)
These 1/4" jacks usually patch to the inputs of your
parallel effects devices or to the inputs of your stage
monitor amps. To learn how signals are routed to these
outputs, see the Aux discussion on page 21.
Insert
Send
8. SUB OUTS
Owner’s Manual
Another method of interfacing a multitrack is called
in-line monitoring, and requires a mixing console
dedicated to that, like the Mackie 8•Bus. Each of its
channels is actually two channels: one carrying the mic/
line sound source and the other carrying the multitrack
output.
Processed
Signal
Dry Signal(s)
These stereo 1/4" phones
jacks will drive any standard headphone to very
loud levels. Walkpersontype phones can also be
used with an appropriate
adapter. See page 19, CONTROL ROOM and PHONES
[43] for details of the
signal routing to these outputs.
10
If you’re wiring your own cable for the PHONES output, follow standard conventions:
Tip = left channel
Ring = right channel
Sleeve = common ground
WARNING: When we say the headphone
amp is loud, we’re not kidding. It can cause
permanent ear damage. Even intermediate
levels may be painfully loud with some earphones. BE
CAREFUL!
Always turn the PHONES knob all the way
down before connecting headphones. Keep
it down until you’ve put the phones on. Then
turn it up slowly. Why? “Engineers who fry their ears
find themselves with short careers.”
7. STEREO RETURN INPUTS
This is where you connect the outputs of your parallel
effects devices (or extra audio sources). There are four
stereo returns. They’ll accept just about any pro or semipro effects device on the market. See page 22 for details
of the STEREO RETURN [51] level controls.
Mono: If you have an effects device with a mono
output (one cord), plug that into the left input of a
STEREO RETURN and leave the right input unplugged.
That way, the signal will be sent to both sides, magically
appearing in the center as a mono signal.
Owner’s Manual
11
1642-VLZ3
13. MAIN INSERT
These 1/4" jacks are for connecting serial effects such
as compressors, equalizers, de-essers, or filters. The INSERT point is after the mix amps, but before the MAIN
MIX fader. Insert cables must be wired thusly:
17
16
18
tip
19
20 22
14 15 14 13
12
11
Mono: If you want to feed a mono signal to your tape
deck or other device, use the 1/4" MONO [15] output
jack instead.
12. TAPE INPUT
These unbalanced RCA jacks are designed to work
with semipro as well as pro recorders. Connect your
2-track tape recorder’s outputs here, using quality hi-fi
RCA cables. To learn how signals are routed from these
inputs see page 19, TAPE IN LEVEL [40].
Use these jacks for convenient playback of your mixes.
You’ll be able to review a mix, and then rewind and try
another pass without repatching or disturbing the mixer
levels. You can also use these jacks with a portable tape
or CD player to feed music to a PA system between sets.
NOTE: Pushing TAPE TO MAIN MIX [41]
in the output section automatically disconnects the TAPE [11] OUTPUT from the main
outputs. This prevents creating a feedback loop, which
could create quite a howl in your system (and your audience!)
1642-VLZ3
(TRS plug)
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
Tip = send (to effects device inputs)
Ring = return (from effects device outputs)
See MAIN MIX
FADER [37] on page
18 for details of the
signal routing to these outputs.
12
sleeve
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
11. TAPE OUTPUT
These unbalanced
RCA jacks tap the main
mix outputs to make
simultaneous recording and PA work more
convenient. Connect
these to your 2-track
recorder’s inputs.
SEND to processor
ring
Sleeve = common ground (connect shield to all
three sleeves)
14. MAIN OUTS
Two sets of jacks are provided for the main outputs: 1/4" TRS jacks and XLR jacks. These are usually
patched to the inputs of your 2-track mixdown deck
(unless you’ve chosen to use the TAPE OUTPUT [11]
RCA jacks), or to the house amplifier during live sound
sessions.
In addition, the XLR MAIN OUTS have a switch to
match the signal level to the input of the device you're
connecting them to. Push the switch in to reduce
the output by 40 dB, so you can feed the mic input of
another mixer, for example. Leave the switch out to
connect to professional +4 dBu devices. To learn how
signals are routed to these outputs, see page 18, MAIN
MIX FADER [37].
To use the 1/4" outputs to drive balanced inputs, connect 1/4" TRS (Tip-Ring-Sleeve) phone plugs like this:
Tip = + (hot)
Ring = – (cold)
Sleeve = ground
To use these outputs to drive unbalanced inputs, connect 1/4" TS (Tip-Sleeve) phone plugs like this:
Tip = signal
Sleeve = ground
15. MONO OUTPUT
It happens to everybody sooner or later: The forces
that govern your world will demand a monaural output
from your painstakingly-created stereo panorama. The
last thing you want to do is start twirling all your carefully-placed PAN [31] settings to one side. What to do?
Stick a cord in this 1/4" jack, hand the other end to Mr.
Mono, and you’re done. He’s got his mono mix and you’ve
still got your stereo mix. The MONO output is nothing
more than a sum of the left and right main mix.
If Mr. Mono's main mono mix is maxed, just reach for
this knob and turn it down a bit. Just the thing for sending mono signals to mic inputs like camcorders, telephone interface boxes, even answering machines. With
the pot all the way up (fully clockwise), you’ll have 6 dB
of extra gain, and unity gain is at the 12 o'clock position.
17. VOLTAGE SELECTOR
WARNING: Before you plug the AC power
cord into the 1642-VLZ3, you must make sure
that this slide switch is set to the same voltage as your local AC main supply. Only slide the voltage
switch with the power cord unplugged.
Use a flat headed screwdriver to slide the switch if
needed. The switch allows you to use the mixer in different countries and voltages, meet interesting people
from other cultures, and entertain them.
18. POWER CONNECTION
Just in case you lose the cord provided with the 1642VLZ3, its power jack accepts a standard 3-prong IEC
cord like those found on most professional recorders,
musical instruments, and computers.
WARNING: Before you plug the AC power
cord into the 1642-VLZ3, you must make sure
that the VOLTAGE SELECTOR [17] slide
switch is set to the same voltage as your local AC mains
supply.
WARNING: Disconnecting the plug’s ground
pin can be dangerous. Please don’t do it.
19. FUSE
The 1642-VLZ3 is fused for your (and its own) protection. If you suspect a blown fuse, disconnect the power
cord, pull the fuse drawer out (located just below the
cord receptacle) and replace the fuse with a 1 A SLO
BLO, 5x20mm, available at electronics stores or your
dealer (or a 0.5 A SLO BLO 5x20mm if your 1642-VLZ3 is
set to 220V-240V).
If two fuses blow in a row, something is very wrong.
Please call our toll-free number 1-800-898-3211 from
within the U.S. (or call the distributor in your country)
and find out what to do.
20. POWER SWITCH
As a general guide, you should turn on your mixer
first, before the power amplifier or powered speakers,
and turn it off last. This will reduce the possibilities of
any turn-on, or turn-off thumps in your speakers.
21. POWER LED
You’ve probably already
figured this out, but if the
POWER [20] switch is on, this
LED (light-emitting do-hicky)
will light. If the switch is off,
well, you get the idea. If the
POWER [20] switch is on and
the LED does not glow, one of
three things has happened:
Somebody tripped over the
power cord and yanked it from
the outlet, your electricity has
been turned off due to nonpayment, or the FUSE [19] has
blown.
24
Owner’s Manual
16. MONO LEVEL
23 21
22. PHANTOM SWITCH
This switch controls the phantom power supply for
condenser microphones as discussed on page 8. When
turned on (or off), the phantom power circuitry takes a
few moments for voltage to ramp up (or down). This is
perfectly normal.
23. 48V LED
This is just to let you know which way you have the
PHANTOM [22] switch set. If your dynamic mics work
and your condensers don’t, chances are this LED is off,
so turn the PHATOM switch on.
You’ll notice that when you turn the phantom power
off, the LED stays on for a while. This is a natural phenomenon — the LED is actually a voltmeter telling you
that the phantom power takes time to ramp itself down
to zero volts. So, if you’ve turned phantom power off to
connect something to the mic inputs, wait until the LED
stops glowing and then make your connections safely.
24. BNC LAMP SOCKET
Located in the top right corner of the output section, this 12V socket will drive any standard BNC-type
lamp (a Littlite® #12G or #12G-HI (high-intensity), for
instance).
Press the top of this rocker switch inwards to turn
on the mixer. The POWER LED [21] on the top surface
of the mixer will glow with happiness, or at least it will
if you have the mixer plugged in to a suitable live AC
mains supply.
Press the bottom of this switch to turn off the mixer,
whenever you feel that this would be a safe thing to do.
Owner’s Manual
13
1642-VLZ3
Channel Strip Description
There are eight mono, and four stereo channel strips.
Many of the functions are identical for the mono and
stereo channels. We’ll start at the bottom and work our
way up, pointing out the differences as we go along.
“U” LIKE UNITY GAIN
Mackie mixers have a “U” symbol on almost
every level control. This “U” stands for “unity
gain,” meaning no change in signal level. Once you have
performed the Level-Setting Procedure, you can set
every control at “U” and your signals will travel through
the mixer at optimal levels. Also, the
labels on our controls are measured
in decibels (dB), so you’ll know what
you’re doing level-wise if you choose to
change a control’s settings.
25. CHANNEL FADER
The fader is almost the last control in
a channel’s signal path. It’s placed after
the EQ [32] and MUTE [30] (post-EQ
/post-MUTE), and before PAN [31]
(pre-PAN). The “U” mark, about threequarters of the way up, indicates unity
gain, meaning no increase or decrease
of signal level. All the way up provides
an additional 10 dB, should you need to
boost a section of a song. If you find that
the overall level is too quiet or too loud
with a fader near unity, you’ll want to
confirm the GAIN setting by performing
the Level-Setting Procedure.
A Clean Fade
31
30
27
29
28
26
25
14
Faders are not rocket
science — they operate by
dragging a metal pin (the
wiper) across a carbon-based strip (the
track). It is possible for airborne crud
to land on the track. Should that happen, you may hear scratchy noises or
signal dropouts as the wiper stumbles
over the crud. Do all you can to keep
airborne crud out of your profession.
Use air conditioned rooms whenever
possible, avoid smoking near the mixer,
keep food and drink away from the
mixer, and for pity’s sake, never put the
mixer in your kitchen! We also recommend “exercising” the faders — give
them a walk up and down once a week
or so, and that will help scare the crud
away. We do not recommend spray
cleaners.
1642-VLZ3
26. ASSIGN (1–2, 3–4, L/R)
Alongside each channel fader are four buttons,
labeled SOLO, 1–2, 3–4 and L/R. The bottom three are
collectively referred to as channel assignment switches.
1, 3 and L are the left sides of these stereo pairs, and
2, 4 and R are the right sides. Used in conjunction with
the channel’s PAN [31] knob, these switches determine
the destination of a channel’s signal: With the PAN knob
set at the center detent, the left and right sides receive
equal signal levels. To feed only one side or the other,
just turn the PAN knob accordingly.
If you’re doing a mixdown to a 2-track, simply engage
the L/R switch on each channel that you want to hear,
and they’ll be sent to the main mix. If you want to create
a subgroup of certain channels, engage either the 1–2
or 3–4 switches instead of the L/R, and they’ll be sent
to the appropriate subgroup faders. From there, the
subgroups can be sent back to the main mix, allowing
you to use the subgroup faders as a master control for
those channels.
If you’re printing new tracks or bouncing existing
ones, you’ll also use the 1–2 and 3–4 switches, but not
the L/R switch. Here, you don’t want the subgroups sent
back into the main mix, but sent out, via the SUB OUT
[8] jacks, to your multitrack inputs. However, if you’re
printing tracks via the DIRECT OUT [5] jacks, all the
channel assign switches should be disengaged (up).
The 1642-VLZ3 is what we call a “true 4-bus mixer.”
Each channel can be assigned or unassigned to any of
the subgroups without affecting the other subgroups or
settings within the channel, and each subgroup has its
own master fader and dedicated output. In fact, since
there are 4 subgroups and the main L/R mix, it’s actually
a true 6-bus mixer.
27. SOLO
This lovable switch allows you to check signals in your
headphones and control room without having to assign
them to the L/R, 1-2 or 3-4 mixes.
You can solo as many channels as you like. SOLO does
not interrupt any of the other channels, buses or outputs — that’s called nondestructive solo. When SOLO is
pressed, that channel's -20 (SOLO) LED [28] will light
constantly, so you can easily catch any channels which
have been soloed by those naughty SOLO pixies.
Using the MODE [44] switch, the 1642-VLZ3’s solo
system comes in two flavors: NORMAL (AFL) (sometimes called SIP, or solo-in-place) and LEVEL SET
(PFL) (sometimes called PFL, or pre-fader-listen). The
MODE switch is described on page 20.
In a nutshell, soloed channels are sent to the SOURCE
[42] mix, that ultimately feeds your control room,
headphones, and meters. Whenever SOLO is engaged,
all SOURCE selections (MAIN MIX, 1–2, 3–4 and TAPE)
are defeated, to allow the soloed channel to do just that
— SOLO!
28. –20 (SOLO) LED
An LED that does two completely different things!
This saves space, but requires some explanation.
First, the “–20” part: Often referred to as “signal activity,” this LED will flicker in time with the signal present
in that channel. It’s handy for confirming that a channel
is indeed active, and may also lend a clue as to what the
signal is. For instance, a kick drum will cause the LED
to pulse in time with the drum, and a synth pad will
cause it to glow a bit more steadily.
Now for the “SOLO” part: When a channel’s SOLO [27]
switch is engaged, this LED will glow steadily. It will
also be brighter than it would be as a –20 indicator. In
conjunction with the RUDE SOLO LIGHT [47], you can
find a rogue SOLO switch very quickly.
29. OL (MUTE) LED
Another LED that does two different things!
First, the “OL” part: “OL” means overload, or clip. You
don’t want that to happen. Ever. Clipping can happen
to any mixer — it’s the point where the signal’s voltage tries to exceed the supply voltages that power the
circuitry. This OL LED will come on just before clipping,
so if you see it, take immediate action: Perform the
Level-Setting Procedure. If that doesn’t help, check for
excessive use of EQ boost or fader gain. Like the –20
LED, it will flicker in time with that channel’s signal.
Now for the “MUTE” part. Assuming your levels are
set correctly, the OL LED will never come on as a result
of clipping. That’s pretty boring. So, to liven things up,
this LED will glow steadily when that channel’s MUTE
switch is engaged.
Here is a quick reference to these LEDs:
Name
Color
Flickering
Glowing
–20 (SOLO)
green
signal present
channel soloed
OL (MUTE)
red
channel clipping
channel muted
30. MUTE
Engaging a channel’s MUTE switch provides the same
results as turning the fader all the way down: Any channel assignment to L/R, 1-2 or 3-4 will be interrupted. All
the post AUX sends will be silenced, as will the DIRECT
OUT [5] signals on channels 1 through 8. And of course,
that fun-loving OL (MUTE) LED [29] will commence
to glow. The PRE AUX sends, channel INSERT [4]
send and SOLO [27] (in LEVEL SET (PFL) mode) will
continue to function during MUTE.
Depending on the audio content in a channel, engaging its MUTE switch may cause a slight popping sound.
This is not a problem within the mixer, and it can be
avoided: Simply engage the LOW CUT [34] switch on
each channel (unless its low frequency content is vitally
important, such as a kick drum or bass guitar). LOW
CUT eliminates subsonic debris, which causes the pop,
and its effect is usually transparent.
Owner’s Manual
LEVEL SET (PFL) taps the channel signal
before the fader. If you have a channel’s fader
set way below “U” (unity gain), SOLO won’t
know that and will send a unity gain signal to the control room, headphones, and meters. That may result in a
startling level boost at these outputs, depending on the
position of the SOLO [46] level knob.
31. PAN
PAN adjusts the amount of channel signal sent to the
left versus the right outputs. PAN determines the fate
of the L/R assignment, subgroups 1–2 and 3–4, and the
SOLO [27] (in NORMAL (AFL) mode).
With the PAN knob hard left, the channel signal will
feed the left main mix, subgroup 1, subgroup 3 and left
NORMAL (AFL) solo mode (assuming their assignment
switches are engaged).
With the knob hard right, the channel signal feeds
the right main mix, subgroup 2, subgroup 4 and right
NORMAL (AFL) solo mode.
With the PAN knob set somewhere in-between left
and right, the signal will be divided between the left and
right buses.
The PAN knob behaves a little differently for the stereo channel strips. Since there is a left and right input
on these channels, the PAN knob controls the relative
balance between the left and right sides, just like the
balance control on your stereo system at home.
Stereo Sources
Use channels 9-16 to connect stereo sound sources. If
you must use the mono channel strips (1-8) for stereo
sources, follow this standard convention: Always plug
the left signal into an “odd” channel (1, 3, 5, etc.) and
the right signal into the adjacent “even” channel (2, 4, 6,
etc.). Then pan the odd channel hard left and the even
channel hard right.
Owner’s Manual
15
1642-VLZ3
CONSTANT LOUDNESS ! ! !
The 1642-VLZ3’s PAN [31]
controls employ a design
called “Constant Loudness.”
It has nothing to do with living next to
a freeway. As you turn the PAN knob
from left to right (thereby causing
the sound to move from the left to the
center to the right), the sound will appear to remain at the same volume (or
loudness).
34
If you have a channel panned hard
left (or right) and reading 0 dB, it
must dip down about 4 dB on the left
(or right) when panned center. To do
otherwise, like those Brand X mixers,
would make the sound appear much
louder when panned center.
32
32. 3-BAND MID-SWEEP EQ
The eight mono channels have a
3-band, mid-sweep equalization: LOW
shelving at 80 Hz, MID sweep peaking
from 100 Hz to 8 kHz, and HI shelving
at 12 kHz. It’s probably all the EQ you’ll
ever need! (Shelving means that the
circuitry boosts or cuts all frequencies past the specified frequency. For
example, the 1642-VLZ3’s LOW EQ
boosts bass frequencies starting at 80
Hz and continuing down to the lowest
note you never heard. Peaking means
that certain frequencies form a “hill”
around the center frequency.)
The LOW EQ provides up to 15 dB
boost or cut below 80 Hz. The circuit
is flat (no boost or cut) at the center
detent position. This frequency represents the punch in bass drums, bass
guitar, fat synth patches, and some
really serious male singers.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Used in conjunction with the LOW CUT [34] switch,
you can boost the LOW EQ without injecting a ton of
subsonic debris into the mix. We recommend using the
LOW CUT feature on all channels, except low frequency
signals, like kick drums and bass guitars.
16
1642-VLZ3
The MID EQ , or “midrange,” has a fixed bandwidth of
1 octave. The MID knob sets the amount of boost or cut,
up to 15 dB, and is effectively bypassed at the center
detent. The frequency knob sets the center frequency,
sweepable from 100 Hz to 8 kHz.
+15
+15
+10
+10
+5
+5
0
0
–5
–5
–10
–10
–15
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
Most of the root and lower harmonics that define a
sound are located in the 100 Hz–8 kHz frequency range,
and you can create drastic changes with these two
knobs. Many engineers use MID EQ to cut midrange
frequencies, not boost them. One popular trick is to set
the MID fully up, turn the frequency knob until you find
a point where it sounds just terrible, then back the MID
down into the cut range, causing those terrible frequencies to disappear. Sounds silly, but it works. Sometimes.
The HI EQ provides you up to 15 dB boost or cut
above 12 kHz, and it is also flat at the detent. Use it to
add sizzle to cymbals, an overall sense of transparency,
or an edge to keyboards, vocals, guitar and bacon frying.
Turn it down a little to reduce sibilance or to mask tape
hiss.
+15
+10
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
With too much EQ, you can screw things up royally.
We’ve designed a lot of boost and cut into each equalizer circuit because we know everyone will occasionally
need that. But if you max the EQ on every channel,
you’ll get mix mush. Equalize subtly and use the left
sides of the knobs (cut), as well as the right (boost).
If you find yourself repeatedly using full boost or cut,
consider altering the sound source, such as placing a
mic differently, trying a different kind of mic, changing
the strings, or gargling.
The stereo channels (9-16) have a 4-band, fixed-frequency equalization: LOW shelving at 80 Hz, LOW MID
peaking at 400 Hz, HI MID peaking at 2.5 kHz, and HI
shelving at 12 kHz.
Each of these filters provides up to 15 dB of boost or
cut. As with the mono channels, the circuit is flat (no
boost or cut) at the center detent positions.
34. LOW CUT
The LOW CUT switch (not present on channels
13-16), often referred to as a high pass filter, cuts bass
frequencies below 75 Hz at a rate of 18 dB per octave.
This ain’t no thrown-in dime-store filter — an 18 dB per
octave curve requires an elaborate circuit. Nothing but
the best for you.
We recommend that you use this on every sound
source except kick drum, bass guitar, bassy synth patches, or recordings of earthquakes. These aside, there isn’t
much down there that you want to hear, and filtering it
out makes the low stuff you do want much more crisp
and tasty. Not only that, but low cut can help reduce the
possibility of feedback in live situations, and it helps to
conserve amplifier power.
With LOW CUT, you can safely boost LOW EQ. Many
times, bass shelving eq can really benefit voices. Trouble
is, adding LOW EQ also boosts the subsonic debris:
Stage rumble, mic handling clunks, wind noise and
breath pops. LOW CUT removes all that debris so you
can boost the LOW EQ without frying your woofer. Here’s
a frequency curve of LOW EQ combined with LOW CUT:
+15
+10
using AUX 1 or 2 in the PRE [36] mode,
these mix levels can be obtained independently of a channel’s fader settings.
34
We recommend going into
a stereo reverb in mono and
returning in stereo. We have
found that on most “stereo”
reverbs, the second input just ties up an
extra aux send and adds nothing to the
sound. There are exceptions, so feel free
to try it both ways. Should you choose to
use two aux sends, use the “odd” AUX (1
or 3) to feed its left input and the “even”
AUX (2 or 4) to feed the right input. Remember, if you’re also dealing with a stereo source signal, you’ll want to follow the
sides — use the odd AUX on the channel
carrying the left side and the even AUX
on the channel carrying the right.
35
36
Owner’s Manual
33. 4-BAND FIXED-FREQUENCY EQ
33
36. PRE
This switch determines the tap point
of AUX 1 and 2. Generally, “post” sends
are used to feed effects devices, and “pre”
sends are used to feed your stage monitors. See the “Pre vs. Post” diagram below.
AUX 3 and 4 are always in post mode.
In post mode (switch up), AUX 1 and 2
will follow the EQ [32], LOW CUT [34],
FADER [25] and MUTE [30] settings. If
you fade the channel, you fade the send.
This is a must for effects sends, since you
want the levels of your “wet” signals to
follow the level of the “dry.”
+5
0
–5
–10
–15
20Hz
100Hz
1kHz
10kHz 20kHz
35. AUX 1, 2, 3, & 4
These four knobs tap a portion of each channel’s
signal, mix them together and send them to the AUX
SEND [6] outputs. They are off when turned fully down,
deliver unity gain at the center detent, and can provide
up to 15 dB of gain turned fully up. Chances are you’ll
never need this extra gain, but it’s nice to know it’s
there if you do.
In PRE mode (switch down), AUX 1
and 2 follow the GAIN [3] and LOW CUT
settings only. EQ, PAN [31], FADER and
MUTE settings have no effect on the PRE
sends. This is the preferred method for
setting up stage monitor feeds — they’ll
be controlled independently of the fader
and mute moves.
MUTE
INPUT
GAIN
INSERT
LOW
CUT
'PRE' SIGNAL
PAN
ASSIGN
EQ
FADER
AUX 1
'POST' SIGNAL
PRE SWITCH
The AUX SEND outputs can then be patched to parallel effects processor inputs or stage monitor amp inputs.
AUX SENDS 1 and 2 levels are controlled not only by the
channel’s AUX knobs, but also by the AUX SEND [49]
master knobs.
AUX 2
AUX SENDS can also be used to generate separate
mixes for recording or “mix-minuses” for broadcast. By
Owner’s Manual
17
1642-VLZ3
Output Section Description
The main mix signals are off with the fader fully down,
the “U” marking is unity gain, and fully up provides 10
dB of additional gain. This additional gain will typically
never be needed, but it’s nice to know it’s there. The
fader itself is a stereo version of the channel and subgroup faders — same supersmooth custom taper, same
dead silence when turned fully down. This is the fader
to pull down at the end of the song when you want “The
Great Fade-Out.”
38. SUBGROUP FADERS
As you might expect, these faders control the levels
of signals sent to the SUB OUT [8] jacks. All channels
that are assigned to subgroups, not muted and not
turned fully down, will appear at the SUB OUTS. Unlike
the MAIN OUTS [14], the subgroup signals do not pass
through an insert jack on their way to the subgroup
faders. That’s no problem — should you want to send
these signals through a serial effects processor, simply
patch from the SUB OUTS to the effect’s input, and from
the effect’s output to whatever the final destination is,
usually a multitrack recorder.
40
41
The subgroup signal is off when its fader is fully down,
the “U” marking is unity gain, and fully up provides 10
dB additional gain. Remember that if you’re treating
two subgroups as a stereo pair, subgroup 1 and 2 for
example, make sure that both subgroup faders “ride”
together, to maintain the left/right balance.
39
39. ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
38
37
You’ve just learned about the input channels and how
the signals get in and out. The signals come in via MIC
[1] and LINE [2] input jacks, are manipulated by the
channels, and then sent to the output section. In the
output section, things get a bit more complicated, so put
on your thinking caps.
37. MAIN MIX FADER
This controls the levels of signals sent to the MAIN
OUTS [14] and TAPE [11] OUTPUT jacks. All channels
and stereo returns that are assigned to the main mix,
that are not muted or turned fully down, will appear at
the MAIN OUTS. Before the main mix gets to this fader,
the signals pass through the MAIN INSERT [13].
18
1642-VLZ3
One popular use of the subgroups is to use them as
master faders for a group of channels on their way to
the main mix. Let’s say you’ve got a drum kit hogging up
seven channels and you’re going to want to fade them
out at a different rate than the other channels. You don’t
want to try that with seven hands or seven fingers, so
just un-assign these channels from L/R, reassign them
to subgroup 1–2, engage the ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX,
LEFT on subgroup 1 and RIGHT on subgroup 2. Now you
can ride the entire stereo drum mix with two faders — 1
and 2.
If you engage just one of these switches per subgroup
(left or right), the signal sent to the main mix will be
the same level as the SUB OUTs [8]. If you want a subgroup to appear in the center of the main mix, engage
both left and right switches for that subgroup. The
signal will be sent to both sides, and will be attenuated
just enough to preserve constant loudness, just like the
channel PAN [31] knobs when set in the center.
Typically, the engineer sends the main mix to a live
audience or to a mixdown deck (if recording). But what
if the engineer needs to hear something other than the
main mix? With the 1642-VLZ3, the engineer has several
choices of what to listen to.
Via these switches, you can choose to listen to any
combination of MAIN MIX, SUBS 1-2, SUBS 3-4 and
TAPE. Selections made here deliver stereo signals to the
control room, headphones, and meters. These signals
are tapped after their respective level controls — postMAIN MIX [37] fader, post SUBGROUP [38] faders and
post-TAPE IN [40] knob. With no switches engaged,
there will be no signal at these outputs and no meter
indication, with two exceptions (SOLO and STEREO
RETURN 4).
40
43
41
Owner’s Manual
42. CONTROL ROOM SOURCE
One of those exceptions is the SOLO function. Regardless of the SOURCE selection, engaging a SOLO [27]
switch will replace that selection with the SOLO signal,
also sent to the control room, headphones, and meters.
This is what makes the Level-Setting Procedure so easy
to do.
Now you know how to select the signals you want
to send to the engineer’s control room and/or phones.
From there, these signals all pass through two level
controls:
42
43. CONTROL ROOM AND PHONES
These knobs control the level of the stereo C-R OUTS
[9] and PHONES [10] outputs.
40. TAPE IN (LEVEL)
This knob controls the level of the stereo signal coming from the TAPE [12] INPUT RCA jacks. Its range is
off when fully down, unity at the center detent, with 20
dB additional gain turned fully up, which may come in
handy if you’ve patched in a “walkperson” type device
with wimpy output levels. After the TAPE IN level is determined, the stereo tape signal can be sent to either of
two places — the main mix or the SOURCE [42] matrix.
41. TAPE TO MAIN MIX
Engaging this switch is just like engaging the L/R
switch on a channel — the signal, stereo in this case, is
sent to the main mix. It does not interrupt other signals,
just adds itself to them. This switch can be very handy
in a live sound situation when you want to play soothing
elevator music to an anxious crowd.
When MAIN MIX is your SOURCE [42] selection,
those signals will now pass through two level controls
on the way to your control room amp and headphones
— the MAIN MIX [37] fader and these CONTROL
ROOM and PHONES controls. This way, you can send a
nice healthy level to the MAIN OUT [14] jacks (MAIN
MIX fader at “U”), and a quieter level to the control
room or headphones (CONTROL ROOM or PHONES
knobs wherever you like).
Whatever your selection, you can also use the control
room outputs for other applications. It can be used as
an additional main mix output and this one will have its
own level control. However, should you do this, be aware
that if you engage a SOLO switch, it will interrupt the
mix, as we’ve already covered.
Once again, engaging a SOLO switch will cause this
dramatic turn of events: Any existing SOURCE matrix
selections will be replaced by the SOLO signals, appearing in the control room, headphones, and meters. The
audible solo levels are controlled by the SOLO [46] level
knob. The SOLO levels appearing on the meter display
are not controlled by anything — you wouldn’t want
that. You want to see the actual channel level on the
meter display, regardless of how loud you’re listening.
Owner’s Manual
19
1642-VLZ3
44. MODE (NORMAL (AFL)/LEVEL SET (PFL))
46. SOLO (LEVEL)
You may have already seen some of this in the SOLO
discussion, but in case you missed it: The 1642-VLZ3’s
solo system comes in two flavors:
This knob controls the level of the signals coming
from the SOLO system. It’s range is off when fully down,
unity at the center detent, with 10 dB additional gain
turned fully up. After the SOLO level is determined, the
SOLO signals will proceed to take over the control room,
headphones, and meters.
•
NORMAL (AFL) (sometimes called SIP, or soloin-place)
•
LEVEL SET (PFL) (sometimes called PFL, or
pre-fader-listen)
In NORMAL (AFL), the soloed channel’s signal is
sent directly to the control room, headphones, and meters, just as it would sound to the channel’s assignment
switches: post-EQ [32], post-FADER [25] and post-PAN
[31]. The only difference is that SOLO works regardless
of the channel’s assignment positions, and that makes it
really handy — you can check out a channel before you
assign it.
NORMAL (AFL) is the preferred mode during mixdown. For example, if the channel has some midrange
boost at 4.2 kHz, is panned a smidgen to the left, and its
fader is at –5 dB, that’s exactly what you’ll hear if you
SOLO during NORMAL (AFL) mode. It’s just as if you
took the time to MUTE all the other channels.
LEVEL SET (PFL) solo is the key player in the all-important Level-Setting Procedure. It’ll send the channel’s
actual internal levels to the meters so you’ll know just
what’s going on, level-wise. This procedure should be
performed every time a new sound source is patched
into a channel’s MIC [1] or LINE [2] input jacks.
LEVEL SET (PFL) is also the preferred mode for SR
(sound reinforcement, or live sound), to preview channels before they are let into the mix. It won’t give you
stereo placement, but will give you signal even if the
fader is turned down.
Remember, LEVEL SET (PFL) taps the
channel signal before the fader. If you have
a channel’s fader set way below “U” (unity
gain), SOLO won’t know that and will send a unity gain
signal to the control room, headphones, and meters.
That may result in a startling level boost at these outputs, depending on the position of the SOLO level knob.
45. LEVEL SET LED
To quote step 6 of the Level-Setting Procedure, “Push
in the MODE [44] switch in the output section (LEVEL
SET (PFL) mode) — the LEVEL SET LED will light.”
When the solo MODE switch is engaged, it’s in LEVEL
SET (PFL) mode, the mode you must be in to set levels.
Now, when you engage any solo switch, this LED will
be a “green light” to set levels. If you tried to set levels
during NORMAL (AFL) mode, the meter display would
be at the mercy of the channel fader, and that would be
a big problem.
20
1642-VLZ3
Once again, LEVEL SET (PFL) SOLO taps
the channel signal before the fader. If you
have a channel’s fader set way below “U”
(unity gain), LEVEL SET (PFL) SOLO won’t know that
and will send a unity gain signal to the control room,
headphones, and meters. That may result in a startling
level boost at these outputs, depending on the position
of the SOLO level knob.
47. RUDE SOLO LIGHT
This flashing LED (light emitting diode) serves two
purposes — to remind you that you’re in SOLO, and to
let you know that you’re mixing on a Mackie. No other
company is so concerned about your level of SOLO
awareness. We even force the soloed channel’s –20 LED
to play along, so you can find that rogue switch fast.
If you work on a mixer that has a SOLO function with
no indicator lights, and you happen to forget you’re in
SOLO, you can easily be tricked into thinking that something is wrong with your mixer. Hence the RUDE SOLO
LIGHT. It’s especially handy at about 3:00 in the morning, when no sound is coming out of your monitors, even
though your multitrack is playing back like mad.
48. METERS
The 1642-VLZ3’s peak metering system is made up
of two columns of twelve lobster-hypnotizing LEDs.
Deceptively simple, considering the multitude of signals
that can be monitored by it. If nothing is selected in
the SOURCE [42] matrix, and no channels are in SOLO
[27], the meter display will just sit there. To put them
to work, you must make a selection in the SOURCE
matrix (or engage a SOLO switch).
Why? You want the meter display to reflect what the
engineer is listening to, and the engineer is listening
either to the C-R OUTS [9] or the PHONES [10] output.
The only difference is that while the listening levels are
controlled by the CTL ROOM and PHONES [43] knobs,
the meter display reads the SOURCE mix before the
controls, giving you the real facts at all times, even if
you’re not listening at all.
When the solo MODE [44] switch is set to LEVEL SET
(PFL) (down), all soloed signals will be sent to the left
meter only. That, combined with LEVEL SET LED [45],
are along the path of enlightenment known as the LevelSetting Procedure. During NORMAL (AFL) mode, the
meters will behave normally.
49
51
49
Please remember: Audio meter displays are just tools
to help assure you that your levels are “in the ballpark.”
You don’t have to stare at them (unless you want to).
50
AUX DISCUSSION
51
SENDS are outputs, RETURNS are inputs. The AUX
[35] knobs tap the signal off the channel and sends it to
the AUX SEND [6] outputs: AUX 1 and 2 are sent to the
AUX SENDS 1 and 2 [49] master knobs before the AUX
SEND outputs, and AUX 3 through 6 are sent directly.
50
Owner’s Manual
Thanks to the 1642-VLZ3’s wide dynamic range, you
can get a good mix with peaks flashing anywhere between –20 and +10 dB on the meter display. Most amplifiers clip at about +10 dB, and some recorders aren’t so
forgiving either. For best real-world results, try to keep
your peaks between “0” and “+7.”
These outputs are fed to the inputs of a reverb or
other device. From there, the outputs of the external
device are fed back to the mixer’s STEREO RETURN [7]
inputs. Then these signals are sent through the STEREO
RETURN [51] level controls, and finally delivered to the
main mix.
48
46
45
44
So, the original “dry” signals come from the channels
to the main mix and the affected “wet” signals come
from the STEREO RETURNS to the main mix, and once
mixed together, the dry and wet signals combine to create a glorious sound. Armed with this knowledge, let’s
visit the Auxiliary World:
49. AUX SENDS (MASTER)
47
Meters vs. Reality
You may already be an expert at the world of “+4” (+4
dBu=1.23 V) and “–10” (–10 dBV=0.32 V) operating
levels. Basically, what makes a mixer one or the other
is the relative 0 dB VU (or 0 VU) chosen for the meter
display. A “+4” mixer, with a +4 dBu signal pouring out
the back will actually read 0 VU on its meter display.
A “–10” mixer, with a –10 dBV signal trickling out, will
read, you guessed it, 0 VU on its meter display. So when
is 0 VU actually 0 dBu? Right now!
These knobs provide overall level control of AUX
SENDS 1 and 2, just before they’re delivered to their
AUX SEND [6] outputs. This is perfect for controlling
the level of stage monitors, since you’ll be using AUX 1
and 2 for this, with their PRE [36] switches engaged.
AUX SENDS 3 and 4 have no such control — they just
send their mixes directly to their AUX SEND outputs at
unity gain.
These knobs go from off (turned fully down), to unity
gain at the center detent, with 10 dB of extra gain
(turned fully up). As with some other level controls, you
may never need the additional gain, but if you ever do,
you’ll be glad you bought a Mackie.
These are usually the knobs you turn up when the
lead singer glares at you, points at his stage monitor,
and sticks his thumb in the air. (It would follow suit
that if the singer stuck his thumb down, you’d turn the
knobs down, but that never happens.)
At the risk of creating another standard, Mackie’s
compact mixers address the need of both crowds by
calling things as they are: 0 dBu (0.775 V) at the output
shows as 0 VU on the meter display. What could be
easier? By the way, the most wonderful thing about standards is that there are so many to choose from.
Owner’s Manual
21
1642-VLZ3
50. AUX SENDS SOLO and LED
53. MAIN MIX TO SUBS (for RETURN 3)
In live sound situations, AUX SEND [6] outputs 1
and 2 are likely to feed your stage monitors. You’ll want
to check the mix you’re sending them, and that’s what
these two buttons are for. (AUX 3 and 4 have no such
switch.) Beside each switch is a green LED that, just
like the channel’s –20 LED, helps you find the rogue
SOLO switch.
With this switch up, STEREO RETURN 3 behaves like
all the others — it delivers a stereo signal, regulated
by its level knob, to the main mix. When you engage
this switch, the signals are removed from the main mix
buses and sent to the 1-2/3-4 switch [54], which diverts
the signal once more. We’re not finished. Please read on:
The only thing different about AUX SENDS SOLO is
that it’s not really PFL (pre-fader listen), and it’s not
really SIP (solo-in-place), it’s actually AFL (after-fader
listen.) Read on:
In the NORMAL (AFL) position of the MODE [44]
switch, you’ll get AUX SEND 1’s solo signal, post-AUX
SENDS [49] master level, in the left side of the control
room, headphones, and meters, and AUX SEND 2 on
the right side. (If you ever use AUX 1 and 2 to create a
stereo monitor mix, you’ll understand why.)
In the LEVEL SET (PFL) position of the MODE
switch, you’ll get the signal dead-center, but still postAUX SENDS master level.
51. STEREO RETURNS (LEVEL)
These four controls set the overall level of effects
received from the STEREO RETURN [7] input jacks.
These controls are designed to handle a wide range of
signal levels — each knob goes from off, to unity gain at
the detent, to 20 dB gain fully clockwise, to compensate
for low-level effects. Signals passing through these controls proceed directly to the MAIN MIX [37] fader, with
exceptions that we’ll discuss in a moment.
Typically, these knobs can just live at the center
detent, and the effects device’s output control should
be set at whatever they call unity gain (check their
manual). If that turns out to be too loud or too quiet,
adjust the effects device’s outputs, not the mixer. That
way, the mixer’s knobs are easy to relocate at the center
detent.
52. TO AUX 1 and TO AUX 2
If you want to add reverb or delay to the stage monitor
mixes, these are the knobs for you. Operating independently of their respectively numbered STEREO RETURNS [51] level controls, these knobs are the same as
the AUX 1 [35] and 2 knobs in the channel strip.
These two knobs feed STEREO RETURN signals to
their respective AUX SEND [6] outputs: TO AUX 1 feeds
STEREO RETURN 1 to AUX SEND 1 [49] master, and
TO AUX 2 feeds STEREO RETURN 2 to AUX SEND 2
master. They are off when turned fully down, deliver
unity gain at the center detent, and provide up to 15 dB
of gain turned fully up. STEREO RETURN 3 and 4 have
no such knobs.
22
1642-VLZ3
54. 1–2/3–4 (for RETURN 3)
If the MAIN MIX TO SUBS [53] switch is disengaged,
the 1–2/3–4 switch does absolutely nothing. Let’s now
assume it’s engaged. STEREO RETURN 3’s stereo signal
will not be sent to the main mix, but to SUBGROUP
FADERS [38] 1 and 2 (this switch up) or 3 and 4 (this
switch down).
Let’s say you’ve made a stereo drum submix on SUBGROUP FADERS 1 and 2, so you can ride those two faders instead of the seven channels that the drums came
from. SUBGROUP FADER 1 has its ASSIGN TO MAIN
MIX [39], left button engaged and SUBGROUP FADER
2 has its ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX, right button engaged,
blending the drum submix back into the main mix. The
drum channels are also sending signals to your reverb
via the AUX SENDS [6], and the reverb outputs are
patched into STEREO RETURN 3 [7]. So far so good.
Even though you could send STEREO RETURN 3 directly to the main mix (MAIN MIX TO SUBS [53] switch
up), you don’t want to. Instead, engage the MAIN MIX
TO SUBS switch and make sure the 1–2/3–4 switch is
up. Now the reverb return will be blended into the drum
submix, and as you ride those two faders, the reverb
level will follow.
Why do we want that? Because if you had just sent the
reverb directly to the main mix (MAIN MIX TO SUBS
switch up) and you did a drum fade-out using SUBGROUP FADERS 1 and 2, the “dry” signals would fade
out, but the “wet” signals would keep on singing. All you
would hear is the drum reverb (the “wet”), and none of
the original drum signals (the “dry”). That’s because the
reverb is being fed by the channel’s AUX sends, and they
have no idea that you’ve pulled down the SUBGROUP
FADERS. That’s why we threw in these switches.
54
This switch operates just like the channel SOLO [27]
switches — engaging it sends signals to the control
room, headphones, and meters, and interrupts whatever
happened to be there before you soloed. It follows the
MODE [44] switch setting as well. The only difference
is that when you engage this RETURNS SOLO switch, it
sends all four STEREO RETURNS signals to the SOLO
circuit.
56
Assume you want to solo the snare drum. Hit that
channel’s SOLO switch, and you get the “dry” (no
effects) snare only. That helps, but you want to hear
it with the reverb you have patched into a STEREO
RETURN. Leaving that channel’s SOLO switch engaged,
also engage the RETURNS SOLO switch, and now you’ll
get the dry snare and its reverb.
52
51
53
50
51
50
55
Owner’s Manual
56. RETURNS SOLO
Since it is a global feature, you’ll also get the signals
from all the other STEREO RETURNS, so there may be
some sounds that you didn’t want to hear. If they offend
your sensibilities, simply turn down the STEREO RETURNS LEVELS [51] you don’t want to hear, or MUTE
[30] the channels feeding the unwanted signal to the
effects device you do want to hear.
Congratulations! You’ve just read about all the features of your 1642-VLZ3. You’re probably ready for a nice
cup of tea. Go ahead. The rest of the manual can wait.
55. C-R/PHNS ONLY (for RETURN 4)
Once again, the default for all the STEREO RETURNS
[7] is to feed them directly into the main mix. You’ve
just learned about the optional exceptions involving
STEREO RETURN 3. Not wanting to be left out, STEREO
RETURN 4 also has an optional exception: By engaging
this C-R/PHNS switch, you will remove STEREO RETURN 4’s stereo signal from the main mix and send it directly to the CTL ROOM/PHONES SOURCE [42] matrix.
It matters not if any of the SOURCE matrix switches are
assigned, but it will be interrupted, as usual, if a SOLO
switch is engaged.
Let’s pretend you’re doing a live mix to a 2-track deck,
a house PA, or both, and you want to play along to a
click track. You could run the click track directly into
the main mix, but you don’t want the mixdown deck
and/or audience to hear it. By gum, this is the switch
for you. Similarly, it can be used for voice-over tracks,
narration, anything you want heard by the engineer and
players but not by the audience and mixdown deck.
Owner’s Manual
23
1642-VLZ3
Appendix A: Service Information
Warranty Service
Repair
Details concerning the Limited Warranty are spelled
out on page 31 of this manual.
Service for Mackie products is available at a factoryauthorized service center. Service for Mackie products
living outside the United States can be obtained through
local dealers or distributors.
If you think your 1642-VLZ3 has a problem, please
check out the following troubleshooting tips and do your
best to confirm the problem. Visit the Support section of
our website (www.mackie.com) where you will find lots
of useful information such as FAQs, documentation and
user forums. You may find the answer to the problem
without having to send your mixer away.
If your 1642-VLZ3 needs service, follow these instructions:
1.
Review the preceding troubleshooting suggestions.
Please.
2.
Call Tech Support at 1-800-898-3211, 7 am to 5 pm
PST, to explain the problem and request a Service
Request Number. Have your serial number ready.
You must have an Service Request Number before
you can obtain warranty service.
3.
Keep this owner’s manual and the detachable linecord. We don’t need them to repair the unit.
4.
Pack the unit in its original package, including endcaps and box. This is VERY IMPORTANT. Mackie is
not responsible for any damage that occurs due to
non-factory packaging.
5.
Include a legible note stating your name, shipping
address (no P.O. boxes), daytime phone number, a
copy of your receipt, Service Request Number, and a
detailed description of the problem, including how
we can duplicate it.
6.
Write the Service Request Number in BIG PRINT
on top of the box. Units sent without the SR number
will be refused.
7.
Tech Support will tell you where to ship the unit for
repair. We suggest insurance for all forms of cartage.
8.
You will need to contact the authorized service
center for their latest turn-around times. The unit
should be packaged in its original packing box, and
must have the Service Request Number on the box.
Once it’s repaired, the authorized service center
will ship it back by ground shipping, pre-paid (if it
was a warranty repair).
Troubleshooting
Bad Channel
•
Are the channels assigned to the correct mix
(1-2, 3-4, L-R )?
•
Is the fader up?
•
Try unplugging any insert devices from the
INSERT [4) jacks.
•
Try the same source signal in another channel,
set up exactly like the suspect channel.
Bad Output
•
Is the level control (if any) turned up?
•
If you’re listening to the C-R OUTS [9] or
PHONES [10] outputs, has a SOURCE selection
been made?
•
If it’s one of the MAIN OUTS [14], try unplugging its companion. For example, if it’s the 1/4"
output, unplug the RCA output. If the problem
goes away, it’s not the mixer.
•
If it’s a stereo pair, try switching them around.
For example, if a left output is presumed dead,
switch the left and right cords, at the mixer
end. If the left is still dead, it’s not the mixer.
•
Unplug everthing from the MAIN INSERT [13].
Noise
•
Turn the channel faders and STEREO RETURN
knobs down, one by one. If the sound disappears, it’s either that channel or whatever is
plugged into it, so unplug whatever that is. If
the noise disappears, it’s from your whatever.
Power
•
24
Unplug the power cord and check the fuse.
1642-VLZ3
Note: Under the terms of the warranty, you must ship or
drop-off the unit to an authorized service center.
The return ground shipment is covered for those
units deemed by us to be under warranty.
Note: You must have a sales receipt from an authorized
Mackie dealer for your unit to be considered for
warranty repair.
“XLR” Connectors
Mackie mixers use 3-pin female “XLR” connectors on
all microphone inputs, with pin 1 wired to the grounded
(earthed) shield, pin 2 wired to the “high” (”hot” or
positive polarity) side of the audio signal and pin 3
wired to the “low” (“cold” or negative polarity) side of
the signal. See Figure A. This is all totally aboveboard
and in full accord with the hallowed standards dictated
by the AES (Audio Engineering Society).
You can cook up your own adapter for a stereo
microphone adapter. “Y” two cables out of a
female 1⁄4" TRS jack to two male XLR plugs,
one for the Right signal and one for the Left.
•
Balanced mono circuits. When wired as a balanced connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug is connected tip to signal high (hot), ring to signal
low (cold), and sleeve to ground (earth).
•
Unbalanced Send/Return circuits. When wired
as send/return “Y” connector, a 1⁄4" TRS jack
or plug is connected tip to signal send (output
from mixer), ring to signal return (input back
into mixer), and sleeve to ground (earth).
Use a male “XLR”-type connector, usually found on the
nether end of what is called a “mic cable,” to connect to
a female XLR jack.
2
SHIELD
Owner’s Manual
Appendix B: Connections
HOT
SHIELD
1⁄4"
1
3
COLD
“TS” stands for Tip-Sleeve, the two connections available on a “mono” 1⁄4" phone jack or plug. See Figure C.
1
COLD 3
HOT
1
3
TS Phone Plugs and Jacks
2
SLEEVE
COLD
2
SLEEVE
TIP
SHIELD
TIP
TIP
HOT
Figure A: XLR Connectors
SLEEVE
Figure C: TS Plug
1⁄4"
TRS Phone Plugs and Jacks
“TRS” stands for Tip-Ring-Sleeve, the three
connections available on a “stereo” 1⁄4" or “balanced”
phone jack or plug. See Figure B.
RING SLEEVE
SLEEVE RING TIP
TIP
TS jacks and plugs are used in many different
applications, always unbalanced. The tip is connected to
the audio signal and the sleeve to ground (earth). Some
examples:
•
Unbalanced microphones
•
Electric guitars and electronic instruments
•
Unbalanced line-level connections
RING
TIP
SLEEVE
Figure B: " TRS Plugs
TRS jacks and plugs are used in several different applications:
•
Stereo Headphones, and rarely, stereo microphones and stereo line connections.
When wired for stereo, a 1⁄4" TRS jack or plug
is connected tip to left, ring to right and sleeve
to ground (earth). Mackie mixers do not
directly accept 1-plug-type stereo microphones.
They must be separated into a left cord and a
right cord, which are plugged into the two mic
preamps.
Switched 1⁄4" Phone Jacks
Switches can be incorporated into 1⁄4" phone jacks,
which are activated by inserting the plug. These switches may open an insert loop in a circuit, change the input
routing of the signal or serve other functions. Mackie
uses switches in the channel insert and bus insert jacks,
input jacks and AUX returns. We also use these switches
to ground the line-level inputs when nothing is plugged
into them.
In most cases, the plug must be inserted fully to
activate the switch. Mackie takes advantage of this in
some circuits, specifying circumstances where you are
to insert the plug only partially. See Special Mackie
Connections, on the next page.
Owner’s Manual
25
1642-VLZ3
RCA Plugs and Jacks
Special Mackie Connections
RCA-type plugs (also known as phono plugs) and
jacks are often used in home stereo and video equipment and in many other applications (Figure D). They
are unbalanced and electrically identical to a 1⁄4" TS
phone plug or jack. See Figure C. Connect the signal to
the center post and the ground (earth) or shield to the
surrounding “basket.”
The balanced-to-unbalanced connection has been
anticipated in the wiring of Mackie jacks. A 1⁄4" TS plug
inserted into a 1⁄4" TRS balanced input, for example,
will automatically unbalance the input and make all the
right connections. Conversely, a 1⁄4" TRS plug inserted
into a 1⁄4" unbalanced input will automatically tie the
ring (low or cold) to ground (earth).
SLEEVE TIP SLEEVE TIP
Figure D: RCA Plug
Unbalancing a Line
In most studio, stage and sound reinforcement situations, there is a combination of balanced and unbalanced inputs and outputs on the various pieces of
equipment. This usually will not be a problem in making
connections.
•
•
•
26
When connecting a balanced output to an
unbalanced input, be sure the signal high (hot)
connections are wired to each other, and that
the balanced signal low (cold) goes to the
ground (earth) connection at the unbalanced
input. In most cases, the balanced ground
(earth) will also be connected to the ground
(earth) at the unbalanced input. If there are
ground-loop problems, this connection may be
left disconnected at the balanced end.
When connecting an unbalanced output to a
balanced input, be sure that the signal high
(hot) connections are wired to each other. The
unbalanced ground (earth) connection should
be wired to the low (cold) and the ground
(earth) connections of the balanced input. If
there are ground-loop problems, try connecting
the unbalanced ground (earth) connection only
to the input low (cold) connection, and leaving
the input ground (earth) connection disconnected.
In some cases, you will have to make up special
adapters to interconnect your equipment. For
example, you may need a balanced XLR female
connected to an unbalanced 1⁄4" TS phone
plug.
1642-VLZ3
TRS Send/Receive Insert Jacks
Mackie’s single-jack inserts are the three-conductor,
TRS-type 1⁄4" phone. They are unbalanced, but have
both the mixer output (send) and the mixer input
(return) signals in one connector. See Figure E.
tip
SEND to processor
ring
sleeve
(TRS plug)
This plug connects to one of the
mixer’s Channel Insert jacks.
“tip”
“ring”
RETURN from processor
Figure E
The sleeve is the common ground (earth) for both
signals. The send from the mixer to the external unit is
carried on the tip, and the return from the unit to the
mixer is on the ring.
Using the Send Only on an Insert Jack
If you insert a TS (mono) 1⁄4" plug only partially (to
the first click) into a Mackie insert jack, the plug will
not activate the jack switch and will not open the insert
loop in the circuit (thereby allowing the channel signal
to continue on its merry way through the mixer).
This allows you to tap out the channel or bus signal
without interrupting normal operation.
If you push the 1⁄4" TS plug in to the second click, you
will open the jack switch and create a direct out, which
does interrupt the signal in that channel. See Figure F
on the next page.
NOTE: Do not overload or short-circuit the signal you
are tapping from the mixer. That will affect the internal
signal.
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with no signal interruption to master.
Insert only to first “click.”
A mono signal connected to the RIGHT jack will show
up in the right bus only. You probably will only want to
use this sophisticated effect for special occasions.
MONO PLUG
Channel Insert jack
Direct out with signal interruption to master.
Insert all the way in to the second “click.”
STEREO
PLUG
Channel Insert jack
For use as an effects loop.
(TIP = SEND to effect, RING = RETURN from effect.)
Figure F
Mults and “Y”s
A mult or “Y” connector allows you to route one output
to two or more inputs by simply providing parallel wiring connections. You can make “Y”s and mults for the
outputs of both unbalanced and balanced circuits.
Owner’s Manual
MONO PLUG
A stereo signal, having two plugs, should be patched
into the LEFT (MONO) and the RIGHT input or return
jacks. A jack switch in the RIGHT jack will disable the
mono function, and the signals will show up in stereo.
Remember: Only mult or “Y” one output into
several inputs. If you need to combine several
outputs into one input, you must use a mixer,
not a mult or a “Y.”
Mackie Stereo Inputs and Returns: Mono,
Stereo, Whatever
Stereo line inputs and stereo returns are a fine
example of the Mackie philosophy (which we just made
up) of Maximum Flexibility with Minimum Headache.
The inputs and returns will automatically be mono or
stereo, depending upon how you use the jacks. Here’s
how it works:
A mono signal should be patched into the input or
return jack labeled Left (MONO). The signal will be
routed to both the left and right sides of the return
circuit, and will show up in the center of the stereo pair
of buses it’s assigned to, or it can be panned with the
PAN control.
RING (IN)
RING (RETURN)
TIP (OUT)
FROM
PROCESSOR
OUTPUT
RING
(RETURN)
TIP
(SEND)
TO MIXER
CHANNEL INSERT
TO
PROCESSOR
INPUT
TIP (SEND)
Y-cord insert cable
Y-cord splitter cable
Owner’s Manual
27
1642-VLZ3
Appendix C: Technical Information
Specifications
Low Mid Peaking
±15 dB @ 400 Hz
Low Shelving
±15 dB @ 80 Hz
Low Cut Filter (Ch.9–12)
Main Mix Noise
(20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth, 1/4" Main out, channel gains @
unity gain, channel EQs flat, all channels assigned to Main Mix,
odd channels panned left, even channels panned right.)
Power Consumption
Main Mix fader unity, channel faders down:
Fuse Ratings
–86.5 dBu
(90 dB Signal to Noise Ratio, ref +4 dBu)
Main Mix fader unity, channel faders @ unity:
–86 dBu
18 dB/octave, –3 dB @ 75 Hz
120 VAC, 50/60 Hz, 50 watts
100–120 VAC
1A Slo Blo, 5 x 20 mm
220–240 VAC
0.5A Slo Blo, 5 x 20 mm
Dimensions (H x W x D) in Normal Pod Position
Total Harmonic Distortion (THD)
16.7" x 16.6" x 5.2" (425 mm x 421 mm x 131 mm)
(1 kHz 35 dB gain, 20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth)
Mic in to insert out:
<0.0007%
Weight
18.2 lb (8.3 kg)
Attenuation (Crosstalk)
(1 kHz relative to 0 dBu, 20 Hz–20 kHz bandwidth,
Line in, 1⁄4" Main Out, Gain @ unity.)
Channel Mute switch engaged:
–82 dBu
Channel Gain knob down:
–82 dBu
Frequency Response
(Mic input to any output.)
20 Hz to 40 kHz:
+0 dB/–1 dB
20 Hz to 60 kHz:
+0 dB/–3 dB
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN)
“Mackie,” and the “Running Man” are registered trademarks of
LOUD Technologies Inc. All other brand names mentioned are
trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective holders, and are hereby acknowledged.
Please check our website for any updates to this manual: www.
mackie.com.
©2006 LOUD Technologies Inc. All Rights Reserved.
(Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain.)
150 ohm termination:
LOUD Technologies Inc. is always striving to improve our products by incorporating new and improved materials, components,
and manufacturing methods. Therefore, we reserve the right to
change these specifications at any time without notice.
–129.5 dBu 20 Hz–20 kHz
16.6 in
421 mm
Common Mode Rejection Ratio (CMRR)
(Mic in to Insert Send out, max gain.)
1 kHz:
better than –70 dB
5.2 in
131 mm
5.2 in
131 mm
Maximum Levels
Mic in:
+22 dBu
All other inputs:
+22 dBu
Main Mix TRS out and XLR out:
+28 dBu
All other outputs:
+22 dBu
16.7 in
425 mm
Impedances
Mic in:
2.5 kilohms
Channel Insert return:
2.5 kilohms
All other inputs:
10 kilohms or greater
Tape out:
1.1 kilohms
All other outputs:
120 ohms
3 Band EQ (channels 1 – 8)
High Shelving
Mid Peaking
Low Shelving
Low Cut Filter
±15 db @ 12 kHz
±15 dB sweep 100 Hz–8 kHz
±15 db @ 80 Hz
18 dB/octave, –3 dB @ 75 Hz
4 Band EQ (channels 9 – 16)
28
High Shelving
±15 dB @ 12 kHz
Hi Mid Peaking
±15 dB @ 2.5 kHz
1642-VLZ3
19.1 in/ 485 mm
(optional Rack Mount Kit)
1
3
2
LOW CUT
75Hz
HPF
MACKIE DESIGNS
1642-VLZ 2
BLOCK DIAGRAM
(#11052006CJM/DF)
MIC TRIM
MIC IN
(Chs 9/10 & 11/12 only)
3
DIRECT OUT
(CH'S 1 ? 8 ONLY)
1
STEREO INPUT CHANNEL
(1 OF 4)
LINE IN R
LINE IN L
MONO INPUT CHANNEL
(1 OF 8)
LINE IN
MIC IN
2
PHANTOM POWER
(GLOBAL SWITCH)
TRIM
AUX RETURN 4
AUX RETURN 3
AUX RETURN 2
AUX RETURN 1
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
STEREO TRIM
(Chs 13/14 & 15/16 only)
MID
MID
3K
MID
12K
HI
12K
HI
AUX 4
AUX 3
AUX 2
AUX 1
4-BAND STEREO EQ
80 800
LO
3K
MID
OL (FLICKER)
MUTE (GLOW)
80 800
LO
PRE
–? 20 (FLICKER)
SOLO (GLOW)
LOW CUT
75Hz
HPF
INSERT
PRE
HI
EFX TO
MON
EFX TO
MON
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL
LEVEL
AUX 2
AUX 1
FREQ
FADER
GAIN
AUX 4
MUTE
MID
EQ
TO SOLO LED
SIP L
SOLO
ASSIGN TO
C-R/PHNS
ONLY
? 1-2/3-4
?
Owner’s Manual
PFL
SIP R
4
PFL
3
SIP R
2
1
R
L
SIP L
SOLO
PAN
ASSIGN
4
PFL
SIP R
2
1
R
L
3
SOLO
ASSIGN
SIP L
PAN
MAIN/SUBS
FADER
TO SOLO LED
MUTE
OL (FLICKER)
MUTE (GLOW)
80 100 ? 8K 12K
LO
AUX 3
–? 20 (FLICKER)
SOLO (GLOW)
FADER
3? 4
FADER
SOLO
LEVEL
MACKIE
EXPRESS
R
L
R
L
LEVEL SET
(PFL) LED
SIP/PFL
SOLO LEVEL
AUX MIX
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
SUB 2 MIX
1 ?2
TAPE
MAIN
ASSIGN TO MAIN MIX
SUB 1 MIX
SOLO MIX
SOLO
RELAY
(FROM SUB 4 OUT)
(FROM SUB 3 OUT)
TAPE LEVEL
BUS TO WOODINVILLE
R
TAPE IN
L
ASSIGN
TO MIX
MAIN MIX
MAIN INSERT
C-R/
PHONES
SOURCE
C-R LEVEL
AUX SEND 3
(AUX SEND 4 IDENTICAL)
AUX SEND 1
(AUX SEND 2 IDENTICAL)
SUB 6 OUT
(SUBMIX 4/8 IDENTICAL)
SUB 2 OUT
SUB 5 OUT
(SUBMIX 3/7 IDENTICAL)
22
10
7
4
2
0
2
4
7
10
20
30
METERS
(0VU = 0dBu)
+4/–10dB PAD
(XLR only)
RUDE SOLO LED
PHONES
LEVEL
SUB 1 OUT
C-R/PHONES MIX
MAIN MIX
FADER
MONO LEVEL
R
L
3
2
3
2
1
1
R
L
CONTROL ROOM OUT
PHONES OUT B
PHONES OUT A
TAPE OUT
1/4" BAL
MAIN MIX RIGHT OUT
XLR BAL
XLR BAL
MAIN MIX LEFT OUT
1/4" BAL
MAIN MIX MONO OUT
Owner’s Manual
Block Diagram
CR/PHN R
CR/PHN L
LOGIC
PFL
SIP R
SIP L
AUX 4
AUX 3
AUX 2
AUX 1
SUB 4
SUB 3
SUB 2
SUB 1
MAIN R
MAIN L
29
30
Notes:
Date:
Session:
1642-VLZ3
Track Sheet
1642-VLZ3
Please keep your sales receipt in a safe place.
A. LOUD Technologies Inc. warrants all materials,
workmanship and proper operation of this product for a period
of three years from the original date of purchase. If any defects
are found in the materials or workmanship or if the product
fails to function properly during the applicable warranty
period, LOUD Technologies, at its option, will repair or replace
the product. This warranty applies only to equipment sold and
delivered within the U.S. by LOUD Technologies Inc. or its
authorized dealers.
B. Failure to register online or return the product registration
card will not void the three-year warranty.
C. Service and repairs of Mackie products are to be
performed only at a factory-authorized facility (see D below).
Unauthorized service, repairs, or modification will void this
warranty. To obtain repairs under warranty, you must have a
copy of your sales receipt from the authorized Mackie dealer
where you purchased the product. It is necessary to establish
the purchase date and determine whether your Mackie
product is within the warranty period.
D. To obtain factory-authorized service:
1. Call Mackie Technical Support at 800/898-3211, 7 AM to
5 PM Monday through Friday (Pacific Time) to get a Service
Request Number. Products returned without a Service Request
Number will be refused.
2. Pack the product in its original shipping carton. Also include
a note explaining exactly how to duplicate the problem, a
copy of the sales receipt with price and date showing, and
your return street address (no P.O. boxes or route numbers,
please!). If we cannot duplicate the problem or establish the
starting date of your Limited Warranty, we may, at our option,
charge for service time.
3. Ship the product in its original shipping carton, freight
prepaid to the authorized service center. The address of your
closest authorized service center will be given to you by
Technical Support.
IMPORTANT: Make sure that the Service Request Number is
plainly written on the shipping carton.
No receipt: no warranty service.
E. LOUD Technologies reserves the right to inspect any
products that may be the subject of any warranty claims before
repair or replacement is carried out. LOUD Technologies may,
at our option, require proof of the original date of purchase in
the form of a dated copy of the original dealer’s invoice or sales
receipt. Final determination of warranty coverage lies solely
with LOUD Technologies.
F. Any products returned to one of the LOUD Technologies
factory-authorized service centers, and deemed eligible for
repair or replacement under the terms of this warranty will
be repaired or replaced within thirty days of receipt. LOUD
Technologies and its authorized service centers may use
refurbished parts for repair or replacement of any product.
Products returned to LOUD Technologies that do not meet
the terms of this Warranty will not be repaired unless
payment is received for labor, materials, return freight,
and insurance. Products repaired under warranty will be
returned freight prepaid by LOUD Technologies to any
location within the boundaries of the USA.
G. LOUD Technologies warrants all repairs performed
for 90 days or for the remainder of the warranty period.
This warranty does not extend to damage resulting from
improper installation, misuse, neglect or abuse, or to
exterior appearance. This warranty is recognized only if
the inspection seals and serial number on the unit have not
been defaced or removed.
H. LOUD Technologies assumes no responsibility for the
quality or timeliness of repairs performed by an authorized
service center.
I. This warranty is extended to the original purchaser and to
anyone who may subsequently purchase this product within
the applicable warranty period. A copy of the original sales
receipt is required to obtain warranty repairs.
J. This is your sole warranty. LOUD Technologies does
not authorize any third party, including any dealer or
sales representative, to assume any liability on behalf of
LOUD Technologies or to make any warranty for LOUD
Technologies Inc.
K. THE WARRANTY GIVEN ON THIS PAGE IS THE SOLE
WARRANTY GIVEN BY LOUD TECHNOLOGIES INC.
AND IS IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. THE WARRANTY GIVEN ON THIS PAGE
SHALL BE STRICTLY LIMITED IN DURATION TO THREE
YEARS FROM THE DATE OF ORIGINAL PURCHASE
FROM AN AUTHORIZED MACKIE DEALER. UPON
EXPIRATION OF THE APPLICABLE WARRANTY PERIOD,
LOUD TECHNOLOGIES INC. SHALL HAVE NO FURTHER
WARRANTY OBLIGATION OF ANY KIND. LOUD
TECHNOLOGIES INC. SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY
INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
THAT MAY RESULT FROM ANY DEFECT IN THE MACKIE
PRODUCT OR ANY WARRANTY CLAIM. Some states do
not allow exclusion or limitation of incidental, special,
or consequential damages or a limitation on how long
warranties last, so some of the above limitations and
exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty provides
specific legal rights and you may have other rights which
vary from state to state.
Owner’s Manual
Owner’s Manual
1642-VLZ3 Limited Warranty
31
16220 Wood-Red Road NE • Woodinville, WA 98072 • USA
United States and Canada: 800.898.3211
Europe, Asia, Central and South America: 425.487.4333
Middle East and Africa: 31.20.654.4000
Fax: 425.487.4337 • www.mackie.com
E-mail: [email protected]
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement