Echo | BRUSHCUTTER | User's Manual | Echo BRUSHCUTTER User's Manual

Echo BRUSHCUTTER User's Manual
GRASS/WEED TRIMMER
BRUSHCUTTER and
CLEARING SAW
SAFETY MANUAL
Read and understand these instructions.
Failure to do so will increase risk of injury.
For your nearest ECHO Dealer, call 1-800-432-ECHO (3246)
X7522270400
99922202600
06/98
GRAPHIC
WARNINGS
Specifications, descriptions and illustrative material in
this literature are as accurate as known at the time of
publication, but are subject to change without notice.
Illustrations may include optional equipment and accessories, and may not include all standard equipment.
This device accompanied by the words
Circle and slash symbol means
whatever is shown is prohibited.
RISKS
Eye Loss from
Thrown Objects
&
&
Injury to Bystanders
&
Injury
&
Blade Contact
from Kick Out (Blade
Thrust)
Eye Loss
from Ricochet
Using Wrong
Equipment
2
WARNING and DANGER calls attention to an act or a condition which can
lead to serious personal injury.
&
TO REDUCE RISKS
Wear Eye/Leg Protection
(ANSI Z87.1)
Keep People and
Animals Away
15 meters (50 feet)
Read & Understand
Operator’s Manual and
Safety Manual
•
•
•
Read Manuals
Proper Gear
Keep People Away
&
Wear Eye/Leg Protection
(ANSI Z87.1)
&
Blade Operation
Requires:
• Blade Shield & Shoulder
Harness with Bar Handle
or
U-Handle
Wear Proper Clothing.
CONTENTS
GRAPHIC WARNINGS .................................................................................................................................. 2
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ............................................................................................................................... 3
DEFINITION OF TERMS ............................................................................................................................... 5
CURVED SHAFT MODELS — CLOCKWISE ROTATION ......................................................................... 6
STRAIGHT SHAFT MODELS — COUNTERCLOCKWISE ROTATION ................................................... 7
PROTECTIVE DEVICES ................................................................................................................................ 8
COMBINATION OF CUTTING HEADS, SHIELDS, HANDLES, ETC. ....................................................... 9
RULES FOR SAFE OPERATION ................................................................................................................... 10
CUTTING WITH NYLON LINE .................................................................................................................... 16
CUTTING WITH BLADES ............................................................................................................................. 21
ECHO ATTACHMENTS AND ACCESSORIES ............................................................................................ 24
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
WARNING
DANGER
Read the operator’s manual carefully. Be familiar with the controls and the proper use of the unit. Know how to shut the unit
off, and how to unhook a harnessed unit quickly.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not allow a person to use this unit unless instructions
are read and understood. Never allow children to operate
or play with the unit.
There is a great risk of eye loss from thrown objects.
Always wear qualified eye protection in accordance with
ANSI Standard Z87.1.
Wear proper clothing to protect feet, legs, and other
exposed parts of your body. Wear hearing protection
devices. Also wear dust masks to filter out pollen and
other irritants when deemed necessary.
Do not wear opened-toed shoes or go barefoot or barelegged. Do not wear loose or dangling clothing, neckties,
scarfs, or jewelry which could be caught in the unit or the
underbrush.
Keep people out of the danger zone. This is a circle 15
meters in radius (about 16 paces) around the unit and
operator.
Require any persons outside the 15-meter danger zone to
wear eye protection to help protect them from thrown
objects.
If necessary to cut where people or cars could be hit by
thrown objects, cut at reduced (slow) throttle speed to
reduce the speed of the nylon line or blade, thus reducing
the velocity of thrown objects.
Adjust the handle to a position for comfort and good
balance as recommended in this manual.
• Check that the cutting line or blade of the unit is away from
your feet and legs.
• Be sure the unit is assembled properly.
• The muffler side of the engine should be away from your
body. This is necessary to avoid arm burns.
• The unit is designed to be used while positioned on the right
side.
• Always use the appropriate harness, properly worn, when one
is provided with the unit. Balance the unit as recommended by
adjusting the position of the harness clamp on the shaft. If the
unit is not provided with a harness, you can obtain one from
your dealer to reduce fatigue from operation.
• Follow instructions in this manual when operating the unit
with a blade. The blade can be made of metal or other
materials such as rubber or plastic. Do not use this unit as a
hammer, lever, crowbar, hatchet or ax. Do not misuse the
blade or the unit. Do not raise the line or blade head above
your knee height. Your unit is not a pruner, hedge trimmer or
chain saw and should not be substituted for these tools.
• When operating the unit with a blade, be sure the blade is
attached to the unit as designed, such as with a locknut and
cotter pin. Also, be sure the blade unit has a metal debris
shield, has either a metal bar handle or a U-handle, and is
suspended from a shoulder harness.
3
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS (CONTINUED)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
4
A bladed unit can kickout, causing serious injury to helpers,
bystanders or animals. Keep people and animals at least 15meters (approximately 50 feet) away. Use proper procedures
to keep control of the unit.
The blade can push, pull or kickout, causing the operator to
lose his balance or lose control of the unit.
Keep blades clear of fences, wires, posts, rocks, etc. to
prevent kick out and blade damage.
Do not operate when under the influence of alcohol, medications or substances which can affect your vision, dexterity
and judgment. You must be in good physical and mental
health in order to operate safely.
Do not operate where the unit could contact electrical
conduits, house wiring, or any power lines.
Handle flammable fuel with care. Use an approved type can.
Do not smoke or bring sparks or flame near the fuel supplies.
Use proper fueling procedures as recommended in the
operator’s manual.
Never refuel while the engine is running or hot. Move at least
10 feet from the fueling spot before starting the engine.
Do not store the unit with fuel in the tank, because a fuel leak
could start a fire.
Do not run the engine indoors or where there is poor
ventilation. Engine fumes contain deadly poisonous carbon
monoxide.
Never operate the unit without the proper debris shield and
other protective devices in place. Replace damaged or
broken debris shields.
Do not operate a semi-automatic feed type line head if the
debris shield is not equipped with a cut-off knife.
Never operate without good visibility and light.
Never start the engine if the drive shaft is not in place to
prevent the engine from over speeding or the clutch from
flying apart.
For starting position, lay the unit down in a clear area so the line
or blade cannot contact the ground or any other obstruction.
Hold the unit down firmly so you will not lose control during
cranking. If not held down properly, the engine could pull
you off balance or swing the cutting line or blade into an
obstruction of your body.
Do not crank the engine while the unit is harnessed to you or
otherwise suspended above ground level.
Always keep both hands on the control handles. Do not
operate one-handed. Do not hold material you are cutting.
Keep the unit and attachments in good working condition.
Tighten fastening parts at regular intervals. Check the
cutting head assembly before each use.
• After shutting down the engine, keep fingers and feet away
from the cutting line or blade until all rotation stops. If the
cutting head coasts for a long time instead of stopping right
away, adjust the carburetor per instructions in your
operator’s manual, or have the adjustment made by your
ECHO servicing dealer.
• Shut down immediately if the unit starts to shake or vibrate.
This could be a sign of danger from a broken part or missing
fasteners.
• Disconnect spark plug wire before you work on the unit or
leave it unattended.
• Do not cut with dull blades which can increase the risk of
kickout and breakage.
Before operating unit, thoroughly inspect blades for damage
and cracks. Do not use a damaged blade.
• Replace dull 80-tooth Brush Blades if you cannot have them
sharpened professionally. Do not try to resharpen them
yourself.
• Sharpen dull 8-tooth Grass/Weed Blades at the proper angles
with a flat file. Do not file down into the gullet (bottom) are of
the tooth. The gullets must be rounded, with no sharp
corners or filing nicks which could be the start of stress
cracks and blade failure.
• ECHO may produce new design attachments and blades from
time to time. If you purchase such an item, follow the
installation, operation and maintenance instructions supplied
with it.
• Do not mount any ordinary circular saw blade, a lawnmower
or edge/trimmer blade, or a grinding type cut-off wheel on
your Grass/Weed Trimmer or Weed/Brush Cutter.
• Do not use any blade or attachment not authorized for your
unit by ECHO, Inc.
• All maintenance given in the operator’s manual should be
performed by you or an ECHO servicing dealer. Any service
or repair work for which the operator’s manual does not give
instructions must be done only by an authorized ECHO
servicing dealer.
• The debris shield, also known as a cutting attachment shield,
located at the lower rotating head, is intended to reduce the
chance of thrown objects hitting the leg. Do not rely on the
debris shield to protect the eyes from thrown objects. Wear
eye protection goggles conforming to the ANSI Z87.1 Safety
Standard (Z87 is stamped on the goggles).
• Secure hair above shoulders.
• Never use wire or wire rope in place of nylon monofilament
cutting line.
• Spark arrester mufflers are standard on ECHO units to reduce
the possibility of forest fires. Do not operate the unit with a
loose or defective muffler. Do not remove the spark arrester
screen.
GLOSSARY
ANSI Z87.1 - The established standard for eye protection devices,
set forth by the American National Standards Institutes (ANSI).
BARRIER - A device, such as a bar handle, U-handle or harness,
which restrains the unit’s cutting attachment from moving rearward
and making inadvertent contact with the operator’s legs.
BLADE RETAINER - A mechanism which holds the brushcutter
blade to the driving member.
HARNESS - The adjustable strapping by which the unit is suspended
from the operator. A SHOULDER/WAIST HARNESS must be worn
by the operator when the unit is equipped with a blade for cutting. A
SHOULDER HARNESS when blade-cutting with a bar handle or Uhandle is acceptable. Also, it is advisable to wear a harness when
using a flexible line trimmer to help reduce fatigue.
BLADE THRUST - Another name for Kickout.
HEARING PROTECTION - Ear muff or plug-type devices worn to
reduce exposure to harmful noise while permitting an operator to
hear certain sounds.
BOUNCE - The ricochet of a flying object from any surface,
particularly from the ground, rocks or buildings.
HIT - When a thrown object hits someone or something and is
capable of injury or penetration.
BRUSH BLADE - A multi-tooth circular saw blade for sawing heavy
brush with SRM models only.
IMPACT SPEED - The speed of a striking object.
CUTTING CIRCLE - The blade perimeter or the circle formed by a
cutting line.
CUTTING HEAD - The assembly that includes the flexible cutting
line or a blade. Flexible cutting line heads include:
IMPACT ENERGY - The energy from a thrown object that is
transferred to another object or person during impact.
HANDLES:
• BAR HANDLE - A straight metal handle, standard on some
SRM units.
•
BUMP-ADVANCE HEAD - Extends the line through a
bumping mechanism.
• D-HANDLE - A looped handle.
•
CENTRIFUGAL-ADVANCE HEAD - Extends the line
through speed changes.
• U-HANDLE - Has the configuration of a U-shaped bicycle
handle bar which reduces the working effort compared to a
D-handle.
•
MANUAL HEAD - A flexible line suspension mechanism
requiring manual adjustments of the line length.
DANGERZONE-A15-meter(orapproximately50-foot)radiussurrounding the operator of the unit. No one else but the operator should be in the
Danger Zone while the unit is being used. (See Risk Zone.)
DEBRIS SHIELD - The shield just behind the cutting head. Also
called a cutting attachment shield.
DEFLECTION - A glance, or bounce, or change of path of a thrown
object off a hard surface.
EDGING - Trimming the grass along an edge such as a sidewalk.
FACE MASK - A mask to shield face from flying objects. Face masks
alone do not provide adequate protection. Eye protection goggles
meeting ANSI Standard Z87.1 must be worn underneath. (See
“GOGGLES.”)
FACE SHIELD - A device worn in front of the eyes and a portion
of, or all of, the face to supplement protection afforded by a primary
protective device. Face shields alone do not provide adequate
protection. (See “GOGGLES.”)
GOGGLES - A device covering eyes and sockets, flush against the
face, having impact-resistant lenses. Such goggles must meet the
ANSI Z87.1 Standard (“Z87” is stamped on the goggles).
GT - Grass Trimmer
GRASS TRIMMER - A grass and weed-cutting unit with a nylon
line cutting head. Not to be used with a metal blade.
KICK OUT - When the unit dangerously propels itself out of a cut
due to blade binding. The direction is opposite the blade rotation
at point of contact. (See page 22.) Also called Blade Thrust.
MAXI-CUT WEED CUTTER - A 3-blade flail-type device which can
be used in place of the nylon line head.
PUSH & PULL - Forces exerted by the blade. If the blade pulls, the
unit will pull away from the operator. If the blade pushes, the unit
pushes back towards the operator. (See page 22.)
QUICK-RELEASE MECHANISM - A mechanism controlled by the
operator to quickly release the unit from the harness in case of
emergency.
RICOCHET - A thrown object which glances off a surface and takes
a new path.
RISK ZONE - The area beyond the 15-meter (or approximately 50foot) radius surrounding the operator of the unit. Bystanders in the
Risk Zone should wear eye protection against thrown objects. Risk
diminishes with distance from the operator. (See Danger Zone).
SRM - Shoulder Rotary Mower
SHOULDER ROTARY MOWER - A flexible-line grass and weedcutting unit which can be converted for use with a blade.
SCALPING - The very close cutting of vegetation from the earth.
A trimmer is used to clear growth around trees or shrubs, or from
sidewalks.
SCYTHING - An arcing motion to cut weeds by swinging the tool
head from side to side.
GLOSSARY CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE
5
CURVED SHAFT
MODELS
CLOCKWISE
HEAD ROTATION
GT SERIES
GRASS/WEED
TRIMMERS
D-HANDLE
CURVED
SHAFT
SWITCH ON
MOST MODELS
STARTER
GRIP
SINGLE OR DOUBLE FEED
NYLON LINE HEAD
ACCORDING TO MODEL
MUFFLER
COVER
LINE CUT-OFF KNIFE
ON RIGHT SIDE OF
DEBRIS SHIELD
DEBRIS SHIELD
THROTTLE
LEVER
WARNING
SWITCH IS ON ENGINE
ON SOME MODELS
DANGER
DO NOT INSTALL
A METAL BLADE
ON A GT UNIT.
FUEL CAP
SHOULDER HARNESS
(STANDARD ON
SOME MODELS)
ASSEMBLY TOOLS
GLOSSARY (CONTINUED)
STRESS CRACK - Structural damage resulting from misfiling of
blade teeth, pinching in a cut or using the blade as a lever.
TIP SPEED - The speed of the cutting line or blade (in mph or fpm)
at the perimeter of the cutting circle.
THROWN OBJECT - A projectile propelled from flexible cutting
line or a blade capable of causing bodily injury to the operator or
bystanders.
6
TRIMMER - A GT or SRM unit when fitted with a line cutting head
or Maxi-Cut Weed Cutter. Metal blades are recommended only on
SRM units with special conversion kits.
UNIT - Powerhead, shaft and cutting assembly.
U-HANDLE - Has the configuration of a bicycle handle bar to reduce
working effort compared to a D-loop handle.
WEED/GRASS BLADE - A blade to cut heavy grass and weeds.
STRAIGHT SHAFT
MODELS
SRM SERIES
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
HEAD ROTATION
GRASS/WEED/BRUSH CUTTERS
SHOULDER ROTARY MOWERS CONVERTIBLE FOR METAL BLADE USE
D-HANDLE ON SOME MODELS IS SUITABLE
FOR NYLON LINE TRIMMING, BUT MUST BE
REPLACED WITH A U-HANDLE IF METAL
BLADES ARE TO BE USED
DEBRIS SHIELD
STOP SWITCH
SHOULDER/WAIST
HARNESS
THROTTLE
LEVER
STOP SWITCH
THROTTLE
LEVER
DEBRIS SHIELD
U-HANDLE REQUIRED
FOR USE WITH METAL BLADES
IS STANDARD ON THE LARGER
SRM MODELS
OPTIONAL
BLADE
BLADE ADAPTER
NUT
PACKAGE OF COTTER
PINS
METAL DEBRIS SHIELD
FOR USE WITH METAL
BLADES
ASSEMBLY TOOLS
7
PROTECTIVE DEVICES
TO BE WORN BY OPERATOR
WEAR EYE/EAR PROTECTION
EYE AND FACE PROTECTION
At the minimum, the operator must wear eye approved protection,
not only against objects thrown by the unit, but also because eye
infections can be caused by airborne dust, seeds and pollen.
ECHO safety goggles are stamped Z87 as being in compliance with
ANSI Standard Z87.1 for eye protection devices. Prescription
glasses may be worn under the safety goggles. Eye protection
should also be worn by persons in the risk zone which extends
beyond the danger zone. (See pages 8-11.)
AGAINST HITS FROM EVERY DIRECTION
DESIGNS CONFORMING
TO ANSI Z87.1
If operating conditions require additional face protection, flip-down
face shields in conformance with ANSI Standard Z87.1 are also
available. The face shields may attach to a safety “hard hat”. Safety
goggles must be worn underneath.
HEARING AND EAR PROTECTION
ECHO recommends wearing hearing protection at all times. If not
followed, hearing loss can occur after frequent and lengthy exposure
to engine noise. You should reduce the risk of hearing damage by
wearing with “headset” type protectors or approved ear plugs. “Head
sets” may also prevent ricocheted objects from entering the ears.
GOGGLES
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
*FACE SHIELD
*DANGER: USE GOGGLES UNDER FACE SHIELD
HEARING
PROTECTORS
SAFETY
GOGGLES
SHOULDER
HARNESS
TRIM-FITTING
CLOTHES
Choose pants, shirts and jackets that fit trimly and have no strings,
frills or dangling straps which could catch on the unit or the
underbrush. Do not wear ties, loose clothing or jewelry. Keep
clothing buttoned or zipped up and shirt tails tucked in.
The wearing of gloves offers some protection against contact with
skin irritants such as poison ivy. Soft leather work gloves may also
improve your grip.
FOOT AND LEG PROTECTION
Long pants and sturdy shoes with non-slip soles are generally
acceptable protection against objects thrown by a nylon line
trimmer. For heavy brush cutting with metal blades, logger’s pants
or leg chaps with protective inserts and adequate protective boots
are an added consideration.
ADDITIONAL PROTECTION
LONG
PANTS
8
STURDY SHOES OR
BOOTS
Hay fever (rhinitis) sufferers may purchase disposable masks at
hardware or medical supply stores to help reduce the intake of
allergenic particles.
COMBINATIONS OF CUTTING
HEADS, SHIELDS, HANDLES, ETC…
PLASTIC DEBRIS SHIELD
WHEN PROVIDED FOR
STRAIGHT SHAFT UNITS
PLASTIC DEBRIS SHIELD
FOR CURVED SHAFT UNITS
CUT-OFF KNIFE
ON LEFT SIDE
CUT-OFF KNIFE
ON RIGHT SIDE
DEBRIS SHIELDS FOR NYLON LINE HEADS
BASIC COMPONENTS AVAILABLE FOR METAL BLADE USE
REVIEW THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOR PROPER PROCEDURE WHEN CONVERTING FROM NYLON LINE HEAD TO
BLADE APPLICATION
2. IF UNIT HAS A D-HANDLE, REPLACE
WITH A BAR OR U-HANDLE
BAR HANDLE
1. IF UNIT HAS A PLASTIC DEBRIS SHIELD,
REPLACE WITH METAL BLADE SHIELD. SEE
OPERATOR’S MANUAL.
U-HANDLE
3. SELECT AND INSTALL THE BLADE
OF YOUR CHOICE.*
4. INSTALL THE SHOULDER/
WAIST HARNESS.
BLADE MUST BE RETAINED
WITH A NEW COTTER PIN
EACH TIME INSTALLED.
* CHECK DEALER FOR NEW CUTTING BLADES
OR HARNESSES WHICH MAY BE INTRODUCED FROM TIME TO TIME
WARNING
DANGER
DO NOT INSTALL
A METAL BLADE
ON A GT UNIT.
9
RULES FOR SAFE OPERATION
TRAINING
WARNING
DANGER
All model trimmers and brushcutters can throw small gravel,
stone, glass, metal or plastic objects as well as the material
being cut. Read these “Rules for Safe Operation” with care.
Follow instructions in this safety manual and in your operator’s
manual.
Read the operator’s manual carefully. Be thoroughly familiar with
the controls and proper use of the unit. Know how to stop the unit
and shut off the engine. Know how to unhook a harnessed unit
quickly.
Never allow anyone to use the unit without proper instruction. Be
sure the operator wears the foot, leg, eye, face and hearing protection recommended on page 8 and has read the operator’s manual and
this safety manual.
DO NOT PERMIT OPERATION WITHOUT
PROPER TRAINING AND PROTECTIVE
EQUIPMENT
WEAR EYE/EAR PROTECTION
Always wear approved eye protection from thrown objects when
operating. The eye protection devices available from ECHO are
stamped “Z87” and are in accordance with ANSI Standard Z87.1. Do
not rely on any face shield to protect your eyes. Do not rely on the
debris shield on the unit to protect your eyes from ricocheting or
thrown objects.
Keep the area clear of bystanders, children and pets.
Never allow children to operate or play with the unit.
10
METER
1515
METERS
DANGER
ZONE
DANGER
ZONE
NO PERSON EXCEPT OPERATOR ALLOWED IN 15 METER RADIUS* DANGER ZONE. EYE, EAR, FACE, FOOT,
LEG AND BODY PROTECTION MUST BE WORN BY OPERATOR. PERSONS IN ZONE OF RISK BEYOND
DANGER ZONE SHOULD WEAR EYE PROTECTION AGAINST THROWN OBJECTS. RISK DIMINISHES WITH
DISTANCE FROM DANGER ZONE.
Do not allow anyone to enter the operating DANGER ZONE with
you. The danger zone is an area 15 meters in radius (about 16 paces)
or 50 feet.
Insist that persons in the RISK ZONE beyond the danger zone wear
eye protection from thrown objects. If the unit must be used where
there are unprotected people, operate at a low throttle speed to
reduce the risk of thrown objects.
WARNING
DANGER
Beyond the 15-meter (50-feet) DANGER ZONE, there still may
be risk of eye injury from thrown objects. The risk diminishes
with distance. But eye protection should be considered for
everyone in the zone of risk.
PREPARATION
WARNING
DANGER
In addition to head, eye, face and ear protection from thrown
objects, wear protective clothes and sturdy shoes to protect
your feet and improve footing on slippery surfaces. Do not
wear ties, jewelry, or loose, dangling clothing which could be
caught in the unit. Do not wear open-toed footwear, or go
barefoot or bare legged. In certain situations you must assess
whether total face and head protection may be required.
When coupling the shaft to the powerhead, be sure the muffler side
of the engine is to the right when the debris shield is in level position.
Install the handle in position for optimum comfort and good control
of the tool. See the operator’s manual for handle installation.
* This DANGER ZONE has been increased from a 10 to 15 meter radius to
include the cutting of small trees that may fall on other adjacent operators
performing the same work.
MUFFLER SIDE
TO THE RIGHT
PROPER
ASSEMBLY
AIR FILTER SIDE
TOWARD OPERATOR
CUTTING HEAD AND DEBRIS
SHIELD LEVEL TO THE
GROUND
11
BALANCE TOOL
FOR A LEVEL
PLANE OF CUTTING
HEAD ROTATION
HARNESS QUICKRELEASE RING
HARNESS CLAMP
U-HANDLE
THROTTLE
TRIGGER
DEBRIS SHIELD
SEE THE OPERATOR’S MANUAL FOR
PROPER HANDLE INSTALLATION.
Use a shoulder harness when provided or when recommended in
this manual. Adjust both harness and the harness clamp on the
unit so the unit hangs with the cutting head a few inches above
ground level. The cutting head and debris shield should be level
in all directions. Harness the unit on the right side as shown.
2-3 INCHES
GROUND
LEVEL
a) Slide harness clamp up and down the shaft to find the right
balance. Rotate the clamp to level the cutting head and
debris shield. Lock in position. If the harness clamp is a
free-spinning type, the unit may tend to roll over sideways; however, you should still level the head and shield
on the front-to-rear axis.
b) Balancing and leveling, as above, may require relocation of
the clamp and readjustment of the harness straps. Also,
each type of cutting head and debris shield mounted on
the unit may require balancing.
QUICK
RELEASE
HOOK TO QUICK
RELEASE CLAMP
SLIDE HARNESS CLAMP
UP AND DOWN SHAFT,
AND ROTATE IT UNTIL
TOOL HEAD HANGS
LEVEL JUST ABOVE
GROUND
NOTE
A person’s size can affect the balancing adjustment. Also,
the balancing procedure may not work with some ECHO
units on some persons. If the procedure does not work for
you, please ask your ECHO servicing dealer for assistance.
WARNING
DANGER
Echo trimmers and brushcutters are designed to fit a wide
variety of body sizes, but may not be adjustable for extremely tall persons. Do not use the unit if your feet can
reach the blade when the unit is attached to the harness.
DO FUELING
OUTDOORS
DO NOT START
ENGINE NEAR
FUELING SPOT
12
Handle fuel with care. It is highly flammable.
a) Use an appropriate type fuel container.
b) Do not smoke or bring flame or sparks near fuel supplies.
c) The fuel tank may be under pressure. Always loosen the
fuel cap and wait for pressure to be equalized before
removing the cap.
d) Fill the fuel tank outdoors over bare ground and install the
fuel cap securely. Do not pour fuel indoors.
e) Wipe any spilled fuel off the unit. Then move at least 10
feet from the fueling spot before starting the engine.
f) Never refuel while the engine is still hot, or fuel a running
engine.
g) Do not store the unit with fuel in its tank, because a fuel
leak could start a fire.
You should be in good mental and physical health. Do not operate
if you are under the influence of alcohol or any medication or
substance which could affect your vision, dexterity or judgment.
Inspect the area before using the unit. Remove objects which the
unit could throw or become entangled with. Remember where
there are obstructions to be avoided. It is good practice to remove
any debris (wire, rocks, wood, cans, glass, etc.) after cutting an
area. Later, when the area grows back, you will have reduced the
accumulation of hidden debris which the unit could throw.
Inspect the unit before using it. Perform only maintenance or
adjustments for which the operator’s manual gives instructions.
Do not try to repair the unit without proper instructions. The unit
should be serviced only by trained ECHO dealer servicemen with
the proper tools. Be sure that:
a) Engine does not leak fuel.
b) Fasteners are tight, and none are missing.
c) Muffler complies with local fire codes and noise ordinances and is in good condition. (Spark arresters may be
required.)
d) The unit has the proper equipment—shields, handles,
harness, etc.—for the line or blade head to be used.
e) If a blade (made of metal or other materials such as rubber
or plastic) is used on the unit, be sure the blade is attached
to the unit as designed, such as with a cotter pin and nut.
Do not cut with dull, cracked or damaged metal blades.
WARNING
REMOVE
OBJECTS
TRIMMER
COULD
THROW
DANGER
Never start the engine if the drive shaft is not in place to
prevent the engine from overspeeding or the clutch from
flying apart.
GENERAL OPERATION
HEAD WAS
NOT TIGHT!
Do not run the engine indoors, or where there is poor ventilation.
Engine fumes contain deadly poisonous carbon monoxide.
Wear the recommended foot, leg, head, eye and hearing protection
at all times during operation. Also, assess the job to be done, and
whether other types of protection may be necessary. (See page 8.)
Before starting, check that the cut-off knife is properly located in
the debris shield, and the line does not extend far beyond the
knife.
Never operate the unit without the proper shields and other
protective devices. (See page 9.)
INDOOR OPERATION
13
Never operate the tool without good visibility and light.
START ON GROUND
WITH LINE OR BLADE
HEAD IN THE CLEAR
Lay the unit down on a clear area and set the controls for starting.
While cranking the unit, use one hand to pull the starter handle and
the other hand to stabilize the unit. To be sure the cutting line or
blade cannot contact the ground or any obstruction, rest the unit
on the debris shield (see illustration at left).
Hold the unit firmly down so you will not lose control during
cranking. Do not crank the unit in the air, or from a harness. The unit
could swing into your leg or an obstruction if you lose control.
Do not raise the cutting head above knee height. If raised higher,
the cutting head will be more directly in line with your face. Thrown
objects may cut your face and eyes.
DO NOT CRANK
ENGINE FROM
OPERATING
POSITION
Keep the unit and attachments in good working condition. Tighten
loose fastening parts and replace any missing fasteners before
using the unit. Check the cutting head assembly before each use.
Shut down immediately if the unit starts to shake or vibrate. A
sudden vibration is a sign there may be danger or trouble, such as
a broken flywheel, clutch or cutting blade, or loose parts. Do not use
the unit until the trouble has been properly diagnosed and corrected.
SUDDEN VIBRATION?
SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATELY!
KEEP FEET AND HANDS AWAY
UNTIL ROTATION STOPS
After shutting down the engine, wait until all rotation of the unit
stops before going near the cutting head. If the cutting head rotates
after the engine returns to idle, a carburetor adjustment may be
needed. You can follow your operator’s manual to make adjustment
yourself, or have the carburetor adjusted by your ECHO servicing
dealer.
All maintenance and adjustments given in the operator’s manual
should be performed by you or your ECHO servicing dealer on a
timely basis. ALL required service or repair must be done only by
the ECHO servicing dealer.
SPARK
PLUG WIRE
SPARK
PLUG
14
Always disconnect the wire from the spark plug to make the engine
unstartable before you work on the unit or leave it unattended.
WARNING
DANGER
DO NOT
OPERATE
ONE-HANDED
Use only ECHO cutting attachments on your unit. Do not
mount a metal blade on any unit of the GT series. Do not mount
an ordinary circular saw blade, lawnmower blade, edge/
trimmer blade, or grinding type cut off wheel on your ECHO
Weed/Grass Trimmer or Weed/Brush Cutter.
•
•
•
•
Always use both hands on the handles. Do not operate onehanded.
Always hold the unit with the fingers and thumbs encircling
the handles.
Keep bystanders out of the Danger Zone (a 15-meter radius
surrounding the operator).
For transport in a vehicle, tie the unit down, and either
remove or shield metal blades from contact with any surface.
RAYNAUD’S SYNDROME——Some operators may develop a
condition known as Raynaud’s Syndrome affecting the hands or
arms. It is believed that the condition, brought by exposure to cold
and/or vibration, may result in tingling and burning and then by loss
of color or numbness in fingers. Even if you ECHO model has antivibration mounts, we recommend your taking the following precautions because the minimum exposure which might trigger the ailment
is unknown.
•
•
•
•
Keep your body warm, especially the head and neck, hands
and wrists, and feet and ankles.
Avoid awkward, unnatural, stressful grips on the unit
without losing control. Avoid hard, stiff “death grips” while
the unit is vibrating.
Maintain good blood circulation. Avoid smoking. Exercise
vigorously during frequent work breaks. Also limit the
amount of time you spend using this or any other hand-held
vibrating tool.
If you experience discomfort, redness and swelling of the
fingers followed by whitening and loss of feeling, consult
your physician before exposing yourself further to vibration
and cold.
REPETITIVE STRESS INJURIES (RSI)—Is is believed that overusing the muscles and tendons of the fingers, hands, arms and
shoulders may cause soreness, swelling, numbness, weakness and
extreme pain to the areas just mentioned. Certain repetitive hand
activities may put you at a high risk for developing Repetitive Stress
Injury (RSI). An extreme RSI condition is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
(CTS), which can occur when your wrist swells and squeezes a vital
nerve that runs through the area. Some believe prolonged exposure
to vibration may contribute to CTS. CTS can cause severe pain for
months or even years. To reduce the risk of RSI or CTS, do the
following:
•
Avoid using your wrist in a bent, extended or twisted
position. Instead, try to maintain a straight wrist position.
Also, when grasping, use your whole hand, not just the
thumb and index finger.
FINGERS AND THUMBS MUST
ENCIRCLE HANDLE
REMOVE OR
SHIELD BLADE
FOR TRANSPORT
TIE DOWN UNIT
• Take periodic breaks to minimize repetition and rest your
hands.
• Reduce the speed and force in which you do the repetitive
movement.
• Do exercises to strengthen the hand and arm muscles.
• Wear a shoulder harness to reduce stress on our hands and
arms.
• See a doctor if you feel tingling, numbness or pain in the
fingers, hands, wrists or arms. The sooner RSI or CTS is
diagnosed, the more likely permanent nerve and muscle
damage can be prevented.
15
CURVED SHAFT
UNITS
DEBRIS SHIELD
FOR CURVED
SHAFT UNITS
CUTTING
WITH
NYLON LINE
WARNING
CUT-OFF KNIFE
ON RIGHT SIDE
DANGER
One of the intended purposes of the debris shield is to reduce
the risk of the operator’s legs from being struck by thrown
objects. The debris shield, however, should NOT be relied
upon to provide protection for the eyes from thrown objects.
Always wear approved eye protection goggles. The debris
shield is also intended to assist the operator when starting the
unit on the ground (the unit is rested on the debris shield, thus
helping to keep the cutting line or blade in the clear). The
debris shield can also help the operator determine the reach
of the cutting line during operation as well as provide a limited
barrier between the operator’s feet and the cutting attachment.
If your unit has a curved shaft, line head
rotation is clockwise. The knife will be on
the right side of the debris shield.
DEBRIS
NOTE
There are two columns of pictures for each column of procedures in this part of the manual. One column shows curvedshaft units, the other column is for straight-shaft units.
Disregard the column which does not apply to your unit.
Study the pictures which apply to your unit.
WARNING
DANGER
CUT ON THIS
SIDE
Some units have a plastic debris shield. The plastic shield has
a razor-sharp knife which trims the line whenever it becomes
too long. If your unit has a debris shield with a cut-off knife,
do not cut yourself when handling the line head and shield.
Do not operate if the cut-off knife is missing.
CLOCKWISE
ROTATION
16
STRAIGHT SHAFT
UNITS
The proper debris shield must be in place on the unit when nylon
cutting line is used.
a) Units with EchomaticTM semi-automatic line head must have a
debris shield with cut-off knife.
b) Units with manual feed line head or blade head require a
debris shield. Consult your operator’s manual for the proper
debris shield.
WARNING
CUT-OFF KNIFE ON
LEFT SIDE
If your unit has a straight shaft, line
head rotation is counterclockwise. The
knife will be on the left side of the debris
shield.
DEBRIS
DANGER
The cutting line can flap around if too much line is exposed.
Always reinstall the plastic debris shield and cut-off knife
when converting the unit for use with a semi-automatic feed
type line head. A metal shield does not trim line.
For nearly all cutting, it is good to tilt the line head so that contact
is made on the part of the line circle where the line is moving away
from you and the debris shield. (See appropriate picture.) This
results in the debris being thrown away from you.
Tilting the head to the wrong side will shoot the debris toward you.
If the line head is held flat to the ground so that cutting occurs on
the whole line circle, debris will be thrown at you, drag will slow the
engine, and you will use up a lot of line.
WARNING
DANGER
Use only ECHO quality nylon monofilament line of the
diameter given in your operator’s manual. Never use wire or
wire-reinforced line in place of nylon trimmer line. Load your
nylon line cutting head only with nylon trimmer line of the
proper diameter.
WARNING
DANGER
Use extreme caution when operating over bare spots and
gravel, because the line can throw small rock particles at high
speeds. Debris shields on the unit cannot stop objects which
bounce or ricochet off hard surfaces.
CUT ON
THIS SIDE
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
ROTATION
17
The basic cutting actions pictured are: Trimming, scything, scalping and lawn edging. These actions are as follows
CURVED SHAFT
UNITS
TRIMMING: This is feeding the trimmer carefully into the material
you wish to cut. Tilt the head slightly to direct debris away from you.
If cutting up to a barrier such as a fence, wall or tree, approach from
an angle where any debris ricocheting off the barrier will fly away
from you. Move the line head slowly until the grass is cut right up
to the barrier, but do not jam (overfeed) the line into the barrier. If
trimming up to wire mesh or chain link fencing, be careful to feed only
up to the wire. If you go too far, the line will snap off around the wire.
Trimming can be done to cut through weed stems one at a time. Place
the trimmer line head near the bottom of the weed—never high up,
which could cause the weed to chatter and catch the line. Rather
than cut the weed right through, just use the very end of the line to
wear through the stem slowly.
SCYTHING: This is the cutting or mowing of large grassy areas by
sweeping or swinging the trimmer in a level arc. Use a smooth, easy
motion. Do not try to hack or chop down the grass. The unit can be
hand-held for scything. Scything is also very comfortable to do with
the unit on a shoulder harness. Tilt the line head to direct the debris
away from you on the scything stroke. Then return without cutting
grass for another stroke. If you are well protected and do not care
whether some debris is thrown in your direction, you may scythe
in both directions.
TRIMMING
DEBRIS
KNIFE SIDE
RAISED
ANGLE TO
WALL
TILT ANGLES
SCYTHING
SCALPING and EDGING: Both of these are done with the line head
tilted at a steep angle. Scalping is removing top growth, leaving the
earth bare. Edging is trimming the grass back where it has spread
over a sidewalk or driveway. During both edging and scalping, hold
the unit at a steep angle and in a position where the debris, and any
dislodged dirt and stone, will not come back towards you even if it
ricochets off the hard surface. Although the pictures show how to
edge and scalp, every operator must find for himself the angles
which suit his body size and cutting situation.
WARNING
SCALPING
DANGER
Do not use a blade for edging or scalping.
PROPER SHIELD
POSITION
EDGING
18
STRAIGHT SHAFT
UNITS
TRIMMING
WARNING
DANGER
Always check that there is a safe distance between the cutting
device and your feet. Be sure to keep the cutting device away
from your body during operation.
DEBRIS
KNIFE SIDE
RAISED
ANGLE TO
WALL
WEAR EYE/EAR PROTECTION
ANGLE TO
GROUND
SCYTHING
NOTE
When scalping under the trees, do not cut into the soil where
the surface roots could be injured, or feed the line into the bark
of the tree.
WARNING
SCALPING
DANGER
Do not us a blade for edging or scalping.
EDGING
19
RICHOCHET
BOUNCE UNDER THE SHIELD
Always wear proper eye protection against thrown objects. Objects
can bounce up at you from the ground under the debris shield, or
ricochet off any nearby hard surface.
Do not trim at high blade or line speeds near roadways when there
is traffic, or in places where there are pedestrians. If you must trim
where people are in the zone of risk (see page 11) use a much lower
or reduced blade or line speed, by using a partial trigger setting.
DO NOT TRIM NEAR
CARS OR PEDESTRIANS
Do not push the line into tough weeds, trees, or wire fences. Pushing
the line into chicken wire, chain link fencing or thick brush can result
in snapped-off line ends being hurled back at the operator. The
proper way is to cut right up to a barrier, such as any of those
mentioned, but never run the line into or through the obstruction.
Do not cut closely to obstruction or barrier.
Avoid trimmer line contact with broken wire fencing. Pieces of wire
broken off by the trimmer can be hurled at high speeds.
WARNING
LINE PUSHED INTO
WIRE FENCING WILL
SNAP OFF
AVOID WIRE
20
DANGER
Do not trim in any area where there are broken strands of
fencing wire. Remove the broken pieces of wire, or give the
are wide berth. Wear proper safety protection. Do no cut
where you cannot see what the cutting device is cutting.
CUTTING WITH BLADES
WARNING
DANGER
• Do not install a metal blade on GT series trimmer models,
or any model which lacks a hole for the blade-securing
cotter pin on the cutting head shaft.
• When using an SRM model with metal blades, replace the
trimmer debris shield with the metal blade debris shield.
(See operator’s manual.) A brace is used on some models
to support the shield.
• Also, use the unit with either a bar handle or a U-handle,
a metal debris shield, a shoulder harness, and blade collar
plus a nut and cotter pin. If your unit has a
D-handle, convert to a U-handle.
Install the blade properly with the teeth pointing in the direction
your blade head rotates. Refer to the operator’s manual for proper
blade installation and tooth direction. Be sure to use a new cotter
pin every time a blade is installed.
NOTE
A Maxi-Cut Weed Cutter may be installed on most ECHO GT
or SRM series units in place of a line head assembly. A special
interference-threaded lock nut is needed to secure it on GT
series units with a curved shaft. Straight shaft units use a nut
and cotter pin. The Maxi-Cut Weed Cutter can be used with
either a plastic line debris shield or a metal blade debris shield.
Installation instructions are on the Maxi-Cut package and in
the operator’s manual.
WARNING
DANGER
If a kickout occurs with a blade unit, the operator’s legs or
bystanders can be severely injured. Always wear the required
harness for the unit and be sure it is properly worn and
secured.
Adjust the shoulder harness to your body, and balance the assembled unit from the harness as instructed on page 12. Inspect the
blades before use. The teeth must be sharp and there must be no
cracks in the steel. Dull blades increase the risk of blade kick out
reactions. Small cracks may grow to where a piece of the blade may
fly off during operation.
WARNING
DANGER
COLLAR
NUT AND
COTTER PIN
UPPER ADAPTER
PLATE (COLLAR)
LOWER ADAPTER
PLATE (COLLAR)
NUT
LOCKING
TOOL HOLE
COTTER PIN
BLADE
BRACE
WARNING
METAL BLADE
DEBRIS SHIELD
DANGER
A metal blade SRM unit must have the items shown on page
9. These include either a bar handle or U-handle, a metal debris
shield, a shoulder harness and a blade-retaining nut and
cotter pin. These items are obtainable from your ECHO dealer
who sold you your unit.
WIRES CAN CATCH
AND FLAP AROUND
• Do not cut with dull, cracked or damaged metal blade.
• Before cutting growth, inspect for obstructions such as
boulders, metal stakes or strands of wire from broken
fences. If an obstruction cannot be removed, mark its
location so that you can avoid it with the blade. Rocks and
metal will dull or damage a blade. Wires can catch on the
blade head and flap around or be thrown into the air.
21
GT SERIES
CLOCKWISE ROTATION
DO NOT TOUCH THESE TYPES OF
OBJECTS WITH THE BLADE
PULL
METAL STAKES
UTILITY WIRES
PUSH
OBJECT ON LEFT
RUBBER
OBJECT ON RIGHT
SRM SERIES
COUNTERCLOCKWISE ROTATION
ROCKS
MASONRY
METAL FENCE
PUSH
WARNING
PULL
OBJECT ON LEFT
OBJECT ON RIGHT
KICKOUT
(BLADE THRUST)
CLOCKWISE KICKOUT
Be sure you understand the reaction forces of push and pull,
and kickout (also called blade thrust), described in this
manual, and how these forces may affect your balance in the
operation of a bladed unit.
REACTION FORCES
COUNTERCLOCKWISE
KICKOUT
OBJECT
SCYTHING
WEEDS
DANGER
PUSH. The operator feels the unit push toward him when he tries
to saw with the blade on the side where the teeth are moving away
from him. If he cannot hold the blade in the cut, a kickout may occur
when the blade is pushed out to where the teeth at the outside
furthest point from the operator are cutting. The blade will “kick out”
sideways.
KICKOUT. This blade-thrust reaction may occur when the moving
blade at the front of the blade circle contacts strong brush or trees.
The force that occurs pushes the entire unit and blade violently
away in an arc. Kickout is a danger to a bystander and also a jolting
force to the operator.
PULL. The opposite of push. When the part of the blade where the
teeth are moving toward the operator is used for cutting, the reaction
is a pull away from the operator. Although this pull type of cutting
may cause sawdust to be thrown back at the operator, it is recommended for sawing of heavy brush because the cutting is smoother
and more stable than when the unit pushes.
NOTE
The direction of the kickout will depend on what unit model
you are using. A curved-shaft GT model employs a clockwise
rotation of its cutting head and will kickout to the left of the
operator. The straight-shaft SRM employs a counter-clockwise rotation of its cutting head and will kickout to the right
of the operator.
USING WEED BLADES
SCYTHING WEEDS. This is cutting by swinging the blade in a level
arc. It can quickly clear areas of field grass and weeds. Scything
should not be used to cut large, tough weeds or woody growths.
22
NOTE
Do not use a weed blade to cut brush or trees which exceed
a diameter of 1/2 to 3/4 inches.
Scything can be done in both directions, or just in one way which
results in the debris being thrown away from you. That is using the
side of the blade that it is rotating away from you. Tilt down the blade
slightly on this same side. You will be hit by some debris if you
scythe in both directions.
SAWING. This must be done when weeds are too thick and strong
for scything. Cut only with the side of the blade that is moving away
from you.
SAWING SAPLINGS
If kickout keeps happening, the blade may be dull, or the material so
thick and hard that you should use a Brush Blade instead of the
Weed Blade.
USING BRUSH BLADES
WARNING
DANGER
Brush Blades must be sharp. Dull blades require replacement
or professional resharpening. Do not try to sharpen Brush
Blades yourself.
There are two ways to cut with a Brush Blade: scything and sawing.
The way you should choose depends on the hardness and size of
the brush or trees to be cut down. Only very small, thin brush should
be scythed. Never hack at brush or trees.
BINDING
1. SHUT OFF
ENGINE
3. PUSH TREE TO FREE
BLADE
NOTE THAT OUR RECOMMENDATION FOR CUTTING WITH
BRUSH BLADES IS THE OPPOSITE OF THAT DESCRIBED FOR
WEED BLADES.
Growth up to 3-inches in diameter, which is too thick for scything,
may be cut by sawing. Sawing requires judgment on your part
whether to cut on the side where the blade pulls away from you but
throws back the debris, or on the side where the debris is thrown
away from you but the reaction is a push which could become a
kickout (blade thrust).
Always cut on the side of the tree which will cause the tree to fall
away from the unit. A kickout or bind may result if the tree falls
toward the unit and pinches the blade.
2. HOLD UP UNIT TO
KEEP WEIGHT OFF
BLADE
HOW TO FREE A BOUND BLADE
DO NOT HACK
LARGE TREES
Do not force the blade to cut. Do not change the angle of cut after
cutting into the wood. Avoid using any pressure or leverage which
could cause the blade to bind or crack.
SHUT OFF ENGINE IMMEDIATELY if the blade binds fast in a cut.
Hold up the unit to keep side pressure off the blade. Reach forward
and push the tree to free the blade.
23
If a tether line is used to insure that a tree falls away from the blade,
the line holder must wear proper eye protection and attire, and be
no closer to the tool that 15 meters (50 feet).
TETHER LINE HOLDER MUST
WEAR PROPER EYE PROTECTION
Be very careful when recutting cleared areas. If the blade can not cut
clear through a short stump, it may tear it off and hurl it back at high
speeds.
BLADE-THROWN
STUMP SECTION
ECHO ATTACHMENTS & ACCESSORIES
ECHOMATICTM NYLON CUTTING LINE HEADS
EchomaticTM nylon line heads are standard on most ECHO GT or
SRM series units. The line feeding action of the EchomaticTM head
is called semi-automatic because the operator has to activate the
head by tapping it on the ground. A plastic debris shield with cutoff knife must be used with a semi-automatic feed line head.
DUAL & SINGLE LINE SEMI-AUTOMATIC FEED LINE HEADS
Manual feed nylon heads are standard on some units, and optional
for all units. They require the use of appropriate debris shield as
identified in the operator’s manual for the specific units.
If replacement of the cutting head assembly is ever necessary,
install the assembly recommended in your operator’s manual or unit
parts list.
WARNING
ECHO REPLACEMENT
NYLON MONOFILAMENT
TRIMMER LINE
24
4-STRING MANUAL FEED
LINE HEAD
DANGER
All heads must be used with a plastic debris shield.
ECHO FLEXIBLE WEED/GRASS BLADE
FOR SRM UNITS ONLY
This three-bladed device, with a 10-inch radius, is made of flexible
plastic on a rigid hub. Use in place of a nylon line head on ECHO SRM
series units only. Not for heavy weeds or brush.
WARNING
DANGER
A blade made of materials such as plastic or rubber can be
equally as dangerous as a metal blade. Take every precaution
possible when cutting with a blade no matter what material it
is made of.
ECHO MAXI-CUTTM WEED CUTTER
FOR GT AND SRM UNITS
The cutting circle is always at full diameter with this three-bladed,
flail action cutter. Can be used on any ECHO GT or SRM series units
for weed and grass cutting. Follow instructions in the operator’s
manual for proper assembly. Not for cutting brush. Sets of nylon
replacement blades are available.
WARNING
DANGER
MAXI-CUT must be used with a plastic debris shield.
ECHO METAL WEED/GRASS BLADE
FOR SRM UNITS ONLY
The 8-inch diameter 8-tooth ECHO Weed/Grass Blade makes short
work of field grass, garden debris and weeds. Handles thick, tough
weeds. Must not be used to cut brush and heavy woody growth.
Needs to be in sharp condition for good results.
WARNING
SHARPENING
8-TOOTH
WEED/GRASS
BLADE
DANGER
Pieces from a cracked metal blade can fly off during operation.
Inspect metal blades for cracks before each use. Discard
cracked blades no matter how small the crack. Cracked blades
can be the result of misuse or improper sharpening.
The blade teeth can be sharpened to a 30-degree edge angle with
a flat file. Use care not to file down into the rounded gullet area of
the tooth or nick the gullet with the file. Nicked or sharp-cornered
gullets can result in tiny stress cracks which keep lengthening until
the blade breaks.
30° ANGLE
LEAVE 2MM
RADIUS UNFILED
SHARP CORNER
GULLET MAY CRACK
25
ECHO BRUSH BLADES
FOR SRM UNITS ONLY
1. SHUT OFF
ENGINE
3. PUSH TREE TO FREE
BLADE
KNIFE
BRUSH
CLEARING
ECHO BLADES
There are three types of ECHO Blades: knife, brush and clearing
blades. The ECHO products catalog lists the blade sizes available.
These blades must be in sharp condition for both safety and good
results. Have dull blades sharpened professionally or have them
replaced.
2. HOLD UP UNIT TO
KEEP WEIGHT OFF
BLADE
HOW TO FREE A BOUND BLADE
Follow the instructions on page 23 for cutting with a brush blade.
WARNING
DANGER
Never cut brush with a dull blade. Dullness increases the
chance the blade may kick out of a cut.
If a sapling or shrub binds the blade, do not use the blade as a lever
to free the bind, because this will cause blade failure. Instead, shut
off the engine and push the sapling or shrub to free the blade. Do
not use a cracked or damaged blade.
ECHO CULTIVATOR ATTACHMENTS
FOR STRAIGHT SHAFT SRM UNITS
TINE WALKING
KEEP TINES CLEAR OF GROUND
DURING STARTING
26
These attachments are designed to cultivate soft soil for weeding,
preparing seed beds, mulching crop residues, preparing for germination in small fields, etc.
Read and follow instructions in you ECHO Weed/Grass Trimmer &
Brushcutter Safety Manual for general operation of the unit. Consult the Cultivator Attachment Operator’s Manual for assembly,
safe operation and maintenance of the cultivator attachment. In
addition, follow these precautions for safe and proper use:
Avoid tine-walking during starting. Tine-walking is the forward
pull resulting when the rotating tines contact the ground or other
obstruction. Start the engine at idle throttle and keep the tines in the
clear during cranking. If the throttle must be advanced for starting,
use some means of preventing possible contact of the tines with any
object.
Guard against kicking. Obstructions in or on the soil can cause the
tines to kick forward or upward. The tines can also kick back toward
the operator if allowed to contact obstructions above them.
a) Wear non-slip gloves and use the proper grip on the handles
to keep control of the unit.
b) Avoid contact with obstructions at or below ground level.
c) Keep the tines at ground level. Do not raise the head where
tine contact with wires, branches, etc. could cause you to
lose control.
Maintain a balanced stance, and keep the cultivator head well away
from your feet.
Always shut off the engine before clearing debris from the tines and
hubs. Dry-clean the attachment after use.
Do not immerse the cultivator head in water or mud or wash it down,
because moisture will harm the internal parts.
KEEP CULTIVATOR HEAD DRY
ECHO UNDERWATER CUTTING ATTACHMENTS
FOR STRAIGHT SHAFT SRM UNITS
These reciprocating blade type attachments are for “straight shaft”
SRM units only. They have waterproof heads designed for underwater weed cutting. The blade angle is suitable for low-level cutting.
Follow instructions in this safety manual for general operation of the
SRM unit.
Follow instructions in the ECHO Underwater Cutting Attachment
Operator’s Manual for assembly, operation, lubrication and maintenance of the attachment.
HERE ARE SOME SPECIAL PRECAUTIONS FOR THE SAFE USE
OF THE UNDERWATER CUTTING ATTACHMENT.
Wear approved type (Z87) goggles to protect your eyes.
Operate the unit with a harness.
DO NOT DRAW
BLADE CLOSE TO
YOUR FEET
Keep the blade head clear of your body. Do not draw the blade head
close to your feet.
Always shut off the engine before cleaning materials from the blade
teeth.
27
ECHO INCORPORATED
400 OAKWOOD ROAD
LAKE ZURICH, IL 60047
www.echo-usa.com
PRINTED IN U.S.A
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