Electrolux AG17542STA User manual

Electrolux AG17542STA User manual
MODEL NO. AG17542STA
17.5 HP 42 INCH
LAWN TRACTOR
•
Assembly
•
Operation
•
Maintenance
•
Service and Adjustments
•
Storage
•
Troubleshooting
•
Repair Parts
For Parts and Service, contact our authorized distributor:
call 1-800-849-1297 For Technical Assistance: call 1-800-829-5886
190593 Rev. 1 7.28.04 RD/MH
PRINTED IN U.S.A.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Warranty ................................................ 2
Safety Rules .......................................... 3
Product Specifications ........................... 6
Assembly/Pre-Operation ....................... 8
Operation............................................. 11
Maintenance Schedule ........................ 17
Maintenance ........................................ 17
Service and Adjustments..................... 21
Storage ................................................ 26
Troubleshooting ................................... 27
Repair Parts......................................... 32
WARRANTY
LIMITED WARRANTY
The Manufacturer warrants to the original consumer purchaser that this product as
manufactured is free from defects in materials and workmanship. For a period of two
(2) years from date of purchase by the original consumer purchaser, we will repair or
replace, at our option, without charge for parts or labor incurred in replacing parts, any
part which we find to be defective due to materials or workmanship. This Warranty is
subject to the following limitations and exclusions.
1. This warranty does not apply to the engine, other than EHP manufactured transaxle/
transmission components, battery (except as noted below) or components parts
thereof. Please refer to the applicable manufacturer's warranty on these items.
2. Transportation charges for the movement of any power equipment unit or attachment
are the responsibility of the purchaser. Transportation charges for any parts submitted for replacement under this warranty must be paid by the purchaser unless such
return is requested by Electrolux Home Products.
3. Battery Warranty: On products equipped with a Battery, we will replace, without
charge to you, any battery which we find to be defective in manufacture, during the
first ninety (90) days of ownership. After ninety (90) days, we will exchange the Battery, charging you 1/12 of the price of a new Battery for each full month from the date
of the original sale. Battery must be maintained in accordance with the instructions
furnished.
4. The Warranty period for any products used for rental or commercial purposes is
limited to 90 days from the date of original purchase.
5. This Warranty applies only to products which have been properly assembled, adjusted, operated, and maintained in accordance with the instructions furnished. This
Warranty does not apply to any product which has been subjected to alteration, misuse, abuse, improper assembly or installation, delivery damage, or to normal wear of
the product.
6. Exclusions: Excluded from this Warranty are belts, blades, blade adapters, normal
wear, normal adjustments, standard hardware and normal maintenance.
7. In the event you have a claim under this Warranty, you must return the product to an
authorized service dealer.
Should you have any unanswered questions concerning this Warranty, please contact:
Electrolux Home Products, Inc.
Outdoor Products Customer Service Dept.
250 Bobby Jones Expressway
Augusta, GA 30909 USA
In Canada contact:
Electrolux Canada Corp.
7075 Ordan Drive
Mississauga, Ontario
L5T 1K6
giving the model number, serial number and date of purchase of your product and the
name and address of the authorized dealer from whom it was purchased.
THIS WARRANTY DOES NOT APPLY TO INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES ARE LIMITED TO THE SAME TIME
PERIODS STATED HEREIN FOR OUR EXPRESSED WARRANTIES. Some areas do
not allow the limitation of consequential damages or limitations of how long an implied
Warranty may last, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This
Warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may have other rights which vary from
locale to locale.
This is a limited Warranty within the meaning of that term as defined in the MagnusonMoss Act of 1975.
2
SAFETY RULES
IMPORTANT: This cutting machine is capable of amputating hands and feet and throwing objects. Failure to observe the following safety instructions could result in serious
injury or death.
• Be aware of the mower discharge direction and do not point it at anyone. Do
not operate the mower without either
the entire grass catcher or the guard in
place.
• Slow down before turning.
• Never leave a running machine unattended. Always turn off blades, set
parking brake, stop engine, and remove
keys before dismounting.
• Turn off blades when not mowing.
• Stop engine before removing grass
catcher or unclogging chute.
• Mow only in daylight or good artificial
light.
• Do not operate the machine while under
the influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or
crossing roadways.
• Use extra care when loading or unloading the machine into a trailer or
truck.
• Data indicates that operators, age 60
years and above, are involved in a large
percentage of riding mower-related injuries. These operators should evaluate
their ability to operate the riding mower
safely enough to protect themselves and
others from serious injury.
• Keep machine free of grass , leaves or
other debris build-up which can touch
hot exhaust / engine parts and burn . Do
not allow the mower deck to plow leaves
or other debris which can cause buildup to occur. Clean any oil or fuel
spillage before operating or storing the
machine . Allow machine to cool before
storage.
WARNING: In order to prevent accidental starting when setting up, transporting, adjusting or making repairs,
always disconnect spark plug wire and
place wire where it cannot contact spark
plug.
WARNING: Do not coast down a
hill in neutral, you may lose control of the
tractor.
WARNING: Tow only the attachments
that are recommended by and comply with
specifications of the manufacturer of your
tractor. Use common sense when towing.
Operate only at the lowest possible speed
when on a slope. Too heavy of a load,
while on a slope, is dangerous. Tires can
lose traction with the ground and cause
you to lose control of your tractor.
WARNING: Engine exhaust, some
of its constituents, and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
known to the State of California to cause
cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals
and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds, chemicals known to the
State of California to cause cancer and
birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Wash hands after handling.
I. GENERAL OPERATION
• Read, understand, and follow all instructions in the manual and on the machine
before starting.
• Only allow responsible adults, who are
familiar with the instructions, to operate
the machine.
• Clear the area of objects such as rocks,
toys, wire, etc., which could be picked
up and thrown by the blade.
• Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
• Never carry passengers.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and
behind before and while backing.
II. SLOPE OPERATION
Slopes are a major factor related to lossof-control and tipover accidents, which can
result in severe injury or death. All slopes
require extra caution. If you cannot back
up the slope or if you feel uneasy on it, do
not mow it.
DO:
• Mow up and down slopes, not across.
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc.
3
SAFETY RULES
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven terrain could overturn the machine.
Tall grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear
so that you will not have to stop or shift
while on the slope.
• Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for wheel weights or counterweights to improve stability.
• Use extra care with grass catchers or
other attachments. These can change
the stability of the machine.
• Keep all movement on the slopes slow
and gradual. Do not make sudden
changes in speed or direction.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If
tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
DO NOT:
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary, and then, turn slowly and gradually
downhill, if possible.
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches,
or embankments. The mower could
suddenly turn over if a wheel is over
the edge of a cliff or ditch, or if an edge
caves in.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced
traction could cause sliding.
• Do not try to stabilize the machine by
putting your foot on the ground.
• Do not use grass catcher on steep
slopes.
• Use extra care when approaching blind
corners, shrubs, trees, or other objects
that may obscure vision.
IV. SERVICE
• Use extra care in handling gasoline and
other fuels. They are flammable and
vapors are explosive.
- Use only an approved container.
- Never remove gas cap or add fuel
with the engine running. Allow
engine to cool before refueling. Do
not smoke.
- Never refuel the machine indoors.
- Never store the machine or fuel
container inside where there is an
open flame, such as a water heater.
• Never run a machine inside a closed
area.
• Keep nuts and bolts, especially blade
attachment bolts, tight and keep equipment in good condition.
• Never tamper with safety devices.
Check their proper operation regularly.
• Keep machine free of grass, leaves, or
other debris build-up. Clean oil or fuel
spillage. Allow machine to cool before
storing.
• Stop and inspect the equipment if you
strike an object. Repair, if necessary,
before restarting.
• Never make adjustments or repairs with
the engine running.
• Grass catcher components are subject
to wear, damage, and deterioration,
which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently
check components and replace with
manufacturer's recommended parts,
when necessary.
• Mower blades are sharp and can cut.
Wrap the blade(s) or wear gloves, and
use extra caution when servicing them.
• Check brake operation frequently. Adjust and service as required.
III. CHILDREN
Tragic accidents can occur if the operator
is not alert to the presence of children.
Children are often attracted to the machine and the mowing activity. Never assume that children will remain where you
last saw them.
• Keep children out of the mowing area
and under the watchful care of another
responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children
enter the area.
• Before and when backing, look behind
and down for small children.
• Never carry children. They may fall off
and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation.
• Never allow children to operate the
machine.
4
SAFETY RULES
• Remove obstacles such as rocks, tree
limbs, etc.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Uneven
terrain could overturn the machine. Tall
grass can hide obstacles.
• Use slow speed. Choose a low gear
so that you will not have to stop or shift
while on the slope.
• Avoid starting or stopping on a slope. If
tires lose traction, disengage the blades
and proceed slowly straight down the
slope.
• If machine stops while going uphill,
disengage blades, shift into reverse and
back down slowly.
• Do not turn on slopes unless necessary,
and then, turn slowly and gradually
downhill, if possible.
• Be sure the area is clear of other people
before mowing. Stop machine if anyone
enters the area.
• Never carry passengers or children
even with the blades off.
• Do not mow in reverse unless absolutely necessary. Always look down and
behind before and while backing.
• Never carry children. They may fall off
and be seriously injured or interfere with
safe machine operation.
• Keep children out of the mowing area
and under the watchful care of another
responsible adult.
• Be alert and turn machine off if children
enter the area.
• Before and when backing, look behind
and down for small children.
• Mow up and down slopes (15° Max), not
across.
5
PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS
CUSTOMER RESPONSIBILITIES
Gasoline
1.25
Capacity and
Unleaded
Type:
Regular
Oil Type
SAE 30 (above 32°F)
(API-SG-SL):
SAE 5W-30(below 32°F)
Oil Capacity:
3 Pints
Spark Plug:
Champion RC12YC
(Gap: .030")
Ground Speed (MPH):
Forward:
1st
1.1
2nd
1.4
3rd
2.2
4th
3.3
5th
4.4
6th
4.9
Reverse:
1.4
Tire Pressure: Front: 14 PSI
Rear:
12 PSI
Charging
3 Amps Battery
System:
5 Amps Headlights
Battery:
Amp/Hr:
28
Min. CCA: 230
Case Size: U1R
Blade Bolt Torque: 27-35 Ft. Lbs.
• Read and observe the safety rules.
• Follow a regular schedule in maintaining, caring for and using your tractor.
• Follow the instructions under “Maintenance” and “Storage” sections of this
owner’s manual.
WARNING: This tractor is equipped
with an internal combustion engine and
should not be used on or near any unimproved forest-covered, brush-covered or
grass-covered land unless the engine’s
exhaust system is equipped with a spark
arrester meeting applicable local or state
laws (if any). If a spark arrester is used, it
should be maintained in effective working
order by the operator.
In the state of California the above is
required by law (Section 4442 of the
California Public Resources Code). Other
states may have similar laws. Federal
laws apply on federal lands. A spark arrester for the muffler is available through
your nearest authorized service center/department (See REPAIR PARTS section of
this manual).
CONGRATULATIONS on your purchase
of a new tractor. It has been designed,
engineered and manufactured to give
you the best possible dependability and
performance.
Should you experience any problem you
cannot easily remedy, please contact
your nearest authorized service center/
department We have competent, welltrained technicians and the proper tools to
service or repair this tractor.
Please read and retain this manual. The
instructions will enable you to assemble
and maintain your tractor properly. Always
observe the “SAFETY RULES”.
6
UNASSEMBLED PARTS
Steering Wheel
Steering
Wheel Insert
(1) Hex nut 1/2-20
(1) Large Flat Washer
Steering
Extension
Shaft
(1) Hex Bolt 1/4-28 x 1-1/4 (1) Locknut
1/4-28
Steering Wheel
Adapter
Steering
Boot
Seat
(1) Washer
17/32 x 1-3/16 x 12 Gauge
(1) Lock
Washer 1/2
(1) Bolt
Slope Sheet
(1) Oil Drain Tube
For Future Use
Keys
(2) Keys
7
ASSEMBLY/PRE-OPERATION
Your new tractor has been assembled at the factory with the exception of those parts left
unassembled for shipping purposes. To ensure safe and proper operation of your tractor
all parts and hardware you assemble must be tightened securely. Use the correct tools
as necessary to insure proper tightness. Review the video cassette before you begin.
TOOLS REQUIRED FOR
ASSEMBLY
A socket wrench set will make assembly
easier. Standard wrench sizes you need
are listed below.
(1) 3/4" wrench
(1) Pliers
(2) 7/16" wrench
(1) Utility knife
(1) Tire pressure gauge
When right or left hand is mentioned in
this manual, it means, from your point of
view, when you are in the operating position (seated behind the steering wheel).
TO REMOVE TRACTOR FROM
CARTON
UNPACK CARTON
1. Remove all accessible loose parts and
parts boxes from carton.
2. Cut along dotted lines on all four panels of carton. Remove end panels and
lay side panels flat.
3. Check for any additional loose parts or
cartons and remove.
BEFORE REMOVING TRACTOR
FROM SKID
ATTACH STEERING WHEEL
ASSEMBLE EXTENSION SHAFT AND
BOOT
1. Slide extension shaft onto lower steering shaft. Align mounting holes in extension and lower shafts and install 1/4
hex bolt and locknut. Tighten securely.
IMPORTANT: Tighten bolt and nut securely to 10-12 ft. lbs torque.
2. Place tabs of steering boot over tab
slots in dash and push down to secure.
INSTALL STEERING WHEEL
3. Position front wheels of the tractor so
they are pointing straight forward.
4. Remove steering wheel adapter from
steering wheel and slide adapter onto
steering shaft extension.
5. Position steering wheel so cross bars
are horizontal (left to right) and slide
inside boot and onto adapter.
6. Assemble large flat washer, 1/2 hex nut
and tighten securely.
7. Snap steering wheel insert into center
of steering wheel.
8
1/2 Hex Nut
Insert
Large Flat
Washer
Steering
Wheel
Steering
Boot
Tabs
Adapter
Extension
Shaft
1/4 Locknut
1/4 Hex
Bolt
Lower
Steering
Shaft
Tab
Slots
8. Remove protective materials from tractor hood and grill.
IMPORTANT: Check for and remove any
staples in skid that may puncture tires
where tractor is to roll off skid.
HOW TO SET UP YOUR TRACTOR
INSTALL SEAT
Adjust seat before tightening adjustment
bolt.
1. Remove adjustment bolt, lock washer
and flat washer securing seat to
cardboard packing and set aside for
assembly of seat to tractor.
2. Pivot seat upward and remove from
the cardboard packing. Remove the
cardboard packing and discard.
3. Place seat on seat pan so head of
shoulder bolt is positioned over large
slotted hole in pan.
4. Push down on seat to engage shoulder
bolt in slot and pull seat towards rear of
tractor.
NOTE: You may now roll or drive your
tractor off the skid. Follow the appropriate
instruction below to remove the tractor
from the skid.
5. Pivot seat and pan forward and assemble adjustment bolt, lockwasher
and flat washer loosely. Do not tighten.
6. Lower seat into operating position and
sit in seat.
7. Slide seat until a comfortable position
is reached which allows you to press
clutch/brake pedal all the way down.
8. Get off seat without moving its adjusted position.
9. Raise seat and tighten adjustment bolt
securely.
TO ROLL TRACTOR OFF SKID (See
Operation section for location and
function of controls)
1. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
2. Release parking brake by depressing
clutch/brake pedal.
3. Place gearshift lever in neutral (N)
position.
4. Roll tractor forward off skid.
5. Remove banding holding deflector
shield up against tractor.
Seat
Seat Pan
TO DRIVE TRACTOR OFF SKID
(See Operation section for location
and function of controls)
Shoulder
Bolt
WARNING: Before starting, read, understand and follow all instructions in the
Operation section of this manual. Be sure
tractor is in a well-ventilated area. Be sure
the area in front of tractor is clear of other
people and objects.
1. Be sure all the above assembly steps
have been completed.
2. Check engine oil level and fill fuel tank
with gasoline.
3. Sit on seat in operating position,
depress clutch/brake pedal and set the
parking brake.
4. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N)
position.
5. Press lift lever plunger and raise
attachment lift lever to its highest position.
6. Start the engine. After engine has
started, move throttle control to idle
position.
7. Depress clutch/brake pedal into full
"BRAKE" position and hold. Move
gearshift lever to 1st gear.
8. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal and
slowly drive tractor off skid.
9. Apply brake to stop tractor, set parking brake and place gearshift lever in
neutral position.
10. Turn ignition key to "STOP" position.
Continue with the instructions that follow.
Flat Washer
Lock
Washer
Adjustment Bolt
CHECK BATTERY
1. Lift seat pan to raised position.
NOTE: If this battery is put into service
after month and year indicated on label
(label located between terminals) charge
battery for minimum of one hour at 6-10
amps. (See "BATTERY" in Maintenance
section of this manual for charging instructions).
Seat pan
Label
Terminal
Terminal
9
✓CHECKLIST
CHECK TIRE PRESSURE
The tires on your tractor were overinflated at the factory for shipping purposes.
Correct tire pressure is important for best
cutting performance.
• Reduce tire pressure to PSI shown in
“PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section
of this manual.
Before you operate your new tractor, we
wish to assure that you receive the best
performance and satisfaction from this
Quality Product.
Please review the following checklist:
✓ All assembly instructions have been
completed.
✓ No remaining loose parts in carton.
✓ Battery is properly prepared and
charged. (Minimum 1 hour at 6 amps).
✓ Seat is adjusted comfortably and tightened securely.
✓ All tires are properly inflated. (For shipping purposes, the tires were overinflated at the factory).
✓ Be sure mower deck is properly leveled
side-to-side/front-to-rear for best cutting
results. (Tires must be properly inflated
for leveling).
✓ Check mower and drive belts. Be sure
they are routed properly around pulleys
and inside all belt keepers.
✓ Check wiring. See that all connections
are still secure and wires are properly
clamped.
While learning how to use your tractor, pay
extra attention to the following important
items:
✓ Engine oil is at proper level.
✓ Fuel tank is filled with fresh, clean, regular unleaded gasoline.
✓ Become familiar with all controls, their
location and function. Operate them
before you start the engine.
✓ Be sure brake system is in safe operating condition.
CHECK FOR PROPER POSITION
OF ALL BELTS
See the figures that are shown for replacing motion and mower blade drive belts
in the Service and Adjustments section
of this manual. Verify that the belts are
routed correctly.
CHECK DECK LEVELNESS
For best cutting results, mower housing
should be properly leveled. See “TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the Service
and Adjustments section of this manual.
CHECK BRAKE SYSTEM
After you learn how to operate your tractor, check to see that the brake is properly
adjusted. See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual.
10
OPERATION
These symbols may appear on your tractor or in literature supplied with the product.
Learn and understand their meaning.
REVERSE
NEUTRAL
HIGH
LOW
CHOKE
FAST
SLOW
IGNITION
P
ENGINE OFF
LIGHTS ON
OVER TEMP
LIGHT
FUEL
ENGINE ON
OIL PRESSURE
ENGINE START
BATTERY
PARKING BRAKE
REVERSE
FORWARD
PARKING BRAKE
LOCKED
MOWER HEIGHT
PARKING BRAKE
UNLOCKED
MOWER LIFT
15
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH ENGAGED
ATTACHMENT
CLUTCH DISENGAGED
DANGER, KEEP HANDS
AND FEET AWAY
15
SLOPE HAZARDS
KEEP AREA CLEAR
(SEE SAFETY RULES SECTION)
DANGER indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
will result in death or serious injury.
FREE WHEEL
(Automatic Models only)
Failure to follow instructions
could result in serious injury or
death. The safety alert symbol
is used to identify safety information about hazards which can
result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
WARNING indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
CAUTION indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
might result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION when used without the alert symbol,
indicates a situation that could result in damage
to the tractor and/or engine.
HOT SURFACES indicates a hazard which,
if not avoided, could result in death, serious injury
and/or property damage.
FIRE indicates a hazard which, if not avoided,
could result in death, serious injury and/or
property damage.
11
KNOW YOUR TRACTOR
READ THIS OWNER'S MANUAL AND SAFETY RULES BEFORE OPERATING YOUR
TRACTOR
Compare the illustrations with your tractor to familiarize yourself with the locations of
various controls and adjustments. Save this manual for future reference.
Attachment
Clutch Lever
Ignition Switch
Light Switch Position
Ammeter
Lift Lever
Plunger
Throttle/Choke
Control
Attachment
Lift Lever
Clutch/
Brake
Pedal
Height
Adjustment
Indicator
Parking Brake Lever
Gearshift Lever
Our tractors conform to the safety standards of the
American National Standards Institute.
LIFT LEVER PLUNGER - Used to release
attachment lift lever when changing its
position.
LIGHT SWITCH POSITION - Turns the
headlights on and off.
PARKING BRAKE LEVER - Locks clutch/
brake pedal into the brake position.
THROTTLE/CHOKE CONTROL - Used
for starting and controlling engine speed.
ATTACHMENT CLUTCH LEVER - Used
to engage the mower blades, or other attachments mounted to your tractor.
ATTACHMENT LIFT LEVER - Used to
raise, lower, and adjust the mower deck or
other attachments mounted to your tractor.
CLUTCH/BRAKE PEDAL - Used for
declutching and braking the tractor and
starting the engine.
GEARSHIFT LEVER - Selects the speed
and direction of tractor.
IGNITION SWITCH - Used for starting
and stopping the engine.
AMMETER - Indicates charging (+) or discharging (-) of battery.
12
The operation of any tractor can result in foreign objects thrown into the
eyes, which can result in severe eye damage. Always wear safety glasses
or eye shields while operating your tractor or performing any adjustments
or repairs. We recommend a wide vision safety mask over spectacles or
standard safety glasses.
HOW TO USE YOUR TRACTOR
TO SET PARKING BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. When engine
is running, any attempt by the operator
to leave the seat without first setting the
parking brake will shut off the engine.
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way
down and hold.
2. Pull parking brake lever up and
release pressure from clutch/brake
pedal. Pedal should remain in brake
position. Make sure parking brake will
hold tractor secure.
Throttle/Choke
Control
Attachment Clutch Lever
“Engaged” Position
Ignition Key
“Disengaged”
Position
Clutch/
Brake
Pedal
“Brake”
Position
Parking
Brake
“Engaged”
Position
“Disengaged”
Position
Gearshift
Lever
STOPPING
MOWER BLADES • To stop mower blades, move attachment clutch lever to disengaged
position.
GROUND DRIVE • To stop ground drive, depress clutch/
brake pedal all the way down.
• Move gearshift lever to neutral (N)
position.
ENGINE • Move throttle control to slow position.
NOTE: Failure to move throttle control
to slow position to allow engine to idle
before stopping may cause engine to
“backfire”.
• Turn ignition key to “STOP” position and
remove key. Always remove key when
leaving tractor to prevent unauthorized
use.
13
• Never use choke to stop engine.
IMPORTANT: Leaving the ignition switch
in any position other than "STOP" will
cause the battery to discharge and go
dead.
NOTE: Under certain conditions when
tractor is standing idle with the engine
running, hot engine exhaust gases may
cause “browning” of grass. To eliminate
this possibility, always stop engine when
stopping tractor on grass areas.
CAUTION: Always stop tractor
completely, as described above, before
leaving the operator's position.
TO USE THROTTLE CONTROL
Always operate engine at full throttle.
• Operating engine at less than full
throttle reduces the battery charging
rate.
• Full throttle offers the best bagging and
mower performance.
TO MOVE FORWARD AND
BACKWARD
The direction and speed of movement is
controlled by the gearshift lever.
1. Start tractor with clutch/brake pedal
depressed and gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.
2. Move gearshift lever to desired position.
3. Slowly release clutch/brake pedal to
start movement.
IMPORTANT: Bring tractor to a complete
stop before shifting or changing gears.
Failure to do so will shorten the useful life
of your transaxle.
TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING HEIGHT
The position of the attachment lift lever
determines the cutting height.
• Grasp lift lever.
• Press plunger with thumb and move
lever to desired position.
The cutting height range is approximately 1-1/2 to 4". The heights are
measured from the ground to the blade
tip with the engine not running. These
heights are approximate and may vary
depending upon soil conditions, height of
grass and types of grass being mowed.
• The average lawn should be cut to approximately 2-1/2 inches during the cool
season and to over 3 inches during hot
months. For healthier and better looking lawns, mow often and after moderate growth.
• For best cutting performance, grass
over 6 inches in height should be
mowed twice. Make the first cut relatively high; the second to desired height.
TO ADJUST GAUGE WHEELS
Gauge wheels are properly adjusted
when they are slightly off the ground when
mower is at the desired cutting height in
operating position. Gauge wheels then
keep the deck in proper position to help
prevent scalping in most terrain conditions.
NOTE: Adjust gauge wheels with tractor
on a flat level surface.
1. Adjust mower to desired cutting height
(See “TO ADJUST MOWER CUTTING
HEIGHT” in this section of manual).
2. With mower in desired height of cut
position, gauge wheels should be
assembled so they are slightly off the
ground. Install gauge wheel in appropriate hole with shoulder bolt, 17/32
washer, 3/8 washer, and 3/8-16 locknut
and tighten securely.
3. Repeat for opposite side, installing
gauge wheel in same adjustment hole.
TO STOP MOWER BLADES disengage attachment clutch control.
CAUTION: Do not operate the mower
without either the entire grass catcher,
on mowers so equipped, or the deflector
shield in place.
Attachment Clutch Lever
“Engaged” Position
Attachemnt
Lift Lever
High Position
Low
Position
“Disengaged”
Position
Deflector
Shield
TO OPERATE ON HILLS
WARNING: Do not drive up or down
hills with slopes greater than 15° and do
not drive across any slope. Use the slope
guide provided at the back of this manual.
• Choose the slowest speed before starting up or down hills.
• Avoid stopping or changing speed on
hills.
• If slowing is necessary, move throttle
control lever to slower position.
• If stopping is absolutely necessary, push
clutch/brake pedal quickly to brake position and engage parking brake.
• Move gearshift lever to 1st gear. Be
sure you have allowed room for tractor
to roll slightly as you restart movement.
• To restart movement, slowly release
parking brake and clutch/brake pedal.
• Make all turns slowly.
TO TRANSPORT
• Raise attachment lift to highest position
with attachment lift control.
• When pushing or towing your tractor,
be sure gearshift lever is in neutral (N)
position.
• Do not push or tow tractor at more than
five (5) MPH.
NOTE: To protect hood from damage
when transporting your tractor on a truck
or a trailer, be sure hood is closed and
secured to tractor. Use an appropriate
means of tying hood to tractor (rope, cord,
etc.).
Gauge
Wheel
Mounting
Bracket
3/8-16
Locknut
3/8 Washer
Gauge Wheel
Shoulder
Bolt
17/32 Washer
TO OPERATE MOWER
Your tractor is equipped with an operator
presence sensing switch. Any attempt
by the operator to leave the seat with the
engine running and the attachment clutch
engaged will shut off the engine. You must
remain fully and centrally positioned in the
seat to prevent the engine from hesitating
or cutting off when operating your equipment on rough, rolling terrain or hills.
1. Select desired height of cut.
2. Start mower blades by engaging attachment clutch control.
14
TOWING CARTS AND OTHER ATTACHMENTS
Tow only the attachments that are recommended by and comply with specifications
of the manufacturer of your tractor. Use
common sense when towing. Too heavy
of a load, while on a slope, is dangerous.
Tires can lose traction with the ground and
cause you to lose control of your tractor.
BEFORE STARTING THE ENGINE
TO START ENGINE
When starting the engine for the first time
or if the engine has run out of fuel, it will
take extra cranking time to move fuel from
the tank to the engine.
1. Sit on seat in operating position,
depress clutch/brake pedal and set
parking brake.
2. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N)
position.
3. Move attachment clutch to disengaged
position.
4. Move throttle control to choke position.
NOTE: Before starting, read the warm
and cold starting procedures below.
5. Insert key into ignition and turn key
clockwise to start position and release
key as soon as engine starts. Do
not run starter continuously for more
than fifteen seconds per minute. If the
engine does not start after several
attempts, move throttle control to fast
position, wait a few minutes and try
again. If engine still does not start,
move the throttle control back to the
choke position and retry.
CHECK ENGINE OIL LEVEL
The engine in your tractor has been
shipped, from the factory, already filled
with summer weight oil.
1. Check engine oil with tractor on level
ground.
2. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick and wipe
clean, reinsert the dipstick and screw
cap tight, wait for a few seconds, remove and read oil level. If necessary,
add oil until “FULL” mark on dipstick is
reached. Do not overfill.
• For cold weather operation you should
change oil for easier starting (See “OIL
VISCOSITY CHART” in the Maintenance section of this manual).
WARM WEATHER STARTING (50° F and
• To change engine oil, see the Mainteabove)
nance section in this manual.
6. When engine starts, move the throttle
ADD GASOLINE
control to the fast position.
• Fill fuel tank to bottom of filler neck. Do
• The attachments and ground drive can
not overfill. Use fresh, clean, regular
now be used. If the engine does not
unleaded gasoline with a minimum of
accept the load, restart the engine and
87 octane. (Use of leaded gasoline will
allow it to warm up for one minute using
increase carbon and lead oxide deposits
the choke as described above.
and reduce valve life). Do not mix oil
COLD WEATHER STARTING ( 50° F and
with gasoline. Purchase fuel in quantities
below)
that can be used within 30 days to as6. When engine starts, leave throttle
sure fuel freshness.
control in choke position until engine
CAUTION: Wipe off any spilled oil or
warms up and begins to run roughly.
fuel. Do not store, spill or use gasoline
Once rough running begins, immenear an open flame.
diately move the throttle control to the
IMPORTANT: When operating in temperafast position. Engine warm-up may
tures below32°F(0°C), use fresh, clean
take from several seconds to several
winter grade gasoline to help insure good
minutes (the colder the temperature,
cold weather starting.
the longer the warm-up).
CAUTION: Alcohol blended fuels (called
• The attachments can also be used durgasohol or using ethanol or methanol) can
ing the engine warm-up period.
attract moisture which leads to separation
and formation of acids during storage. Acidic NOTE: If at a high altitude (above 3000
gas can damage the fuel system of an engine feet) or in cold temperatures (below 32 F)
the carburetor fuel mixture may need to
while in storage. To avoid engine problems,
be adjusted for best engine performance
the fuel system should be emptied before
storage of 30 days or longer. Drain the gas
(see “TO ADJUST CARBURETOR” in the
tank, start the engine and let it run until the
Service and Adjustments section of this
fuel lines and carburetor are empty. Use
manual).
fresh fuel next season. See Storage Instructions for additional information. Never use
engine or carburetor cleaner products in the
fuel tank or permanent damage may occur. 15
MOWING TIPS
• Mower should be properly leveled for
best mowing performance. See “TO
LEVEL MOWER HOUSING” in the
Service and Adjustments section of this
manual.
• The left hand side of mower should be
used for trimming.
• Drive so that clippings are discharged
onto the area that has already been
cut. Have the cut area to the right of
the tractor. This will result in a more
even distribution of clippings and more
uniform cutting.
• When mowing large areas, start by
turning to the right so that clippings will
discharge away from shrubs, fences,
driveways, etc. After one or two rounds,
mow in the opposite direction making
left hand turns until finished.
• If grass is extremely tall, it should be
mowed twice to reduce load and possible fire hazard from dried clippings.
Make first cut relatively high; the second
to the desired height.
• Do not mow grass when it is wet.
Wet grass will plug mower and leave
undesirable clumps. Allow grass to dry
before mowing.
• Always operate engine at full throttle
when mowing to assure better mowing performance and proper discharge
of material. Regulate ground speed by
selecting a low enough gear to give the
mower cutting performance as well as
the quality of cut desired.
• When operating attachments, select a
ground speed that will suit the terrain
and give best performance of the attachment being used.
16
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE
FILL IN DATES
AS YOU COMPLETE
REGULAR SERVICE
E
E
S
S
RS
AG
US
RS
UR OUR
OU SON OR
H
U
O
H
C
A
A
ST
HO 25 H 50 H 100
SE RE
EE Y 8
R
RY ERY ERY ERY FO
OR
E
E
F
BE
SERVICE
EV
EV
EV
EV
EV
BE
DATES
Check Brake Operation
Check Tire Pressure
T
R
A
C
T
0
R
Check Operator Presence and
Interlock Systems
Check for Loose Fasteners
Sharpen/Replace Mower Blades
5
3
Lubrication Chart
Check Battery Level
4
Clean Battery and Terminals
Check Transaxle Cooling
Check V-Belts
Check Engine Oil Level
Change Engine Oil (with oil filter)
E
N
G
I
N
E
Change Engine Oil (without oil filter)
1,2
1,2
Clean Air Filter
2
Clean Air Screen
2
Inspect Muffler/Spark Arrester
Replace Oil Filter (If equipped)
1, 2
Clean Engine Cooling Fins
2
Replace Spark Plug
Replace Air Filter Paper Cartridge
2
Replace Fuel Filter
1 - Change more often when operating under a heavy load or
in high ambient temperatures.
2 - Service more often when operating in dirty or dusty conditions.
3 - Replace blades more often when mowing in sandy soil.
4 - Not required if equipped with maintenance-free battery.
5 - Tighten front axle pivot bolt to 35 ft.-lbs. maximum.
Do not overtighten.
LUBRICATION CHART
GENERAL RECOMMENDATIONS
The warranty on this tractor does not
cover items that have been subjected to
operator abuse or negligence. To receive
full value from the warranty, operator
must maintain tractor as instructed in this
manual.
Some adjustments will need to be made
periodically to properly maintain your
tractor.
At least once a season, check to see if
you should make any of the adjustments
described in the Service and Adjustments
section of this manual.
• At least once a year you should replace
the spark plug, clean or replace air filter,
and check blades and belts for wear.
A new spark plug and clean air filter
assure proper air-fuel mixture and help
your engine run better and last longer.
BEFORE EACH USE
1.
2.
3.
4.
Check engine oil level.
Check brake operation.
Check tire pressure.
Check operator presence and
interlock systems for proper operation.
5. Check for loose fasteners.
17
➁ Spindle
LUBRICATION CHART
➁ Spindle
Zerk
➁ Front Wheel
Bearing zerk
Zerk
➁ Front
Wheel
Bearing
zerk
➂ Engine
01961
➀ Gearshift
Pivots
➀ SAE 30 or 10w30 Motor Oil
➁ General Purpose Grease
➂ Refer to Maintenance “ENGINE” Section
IMPORTANT: Do not oil or grease the
pivot points which have special nylon
bearings. Viscous lubricants will attract
dust and dirt that will shorten the life of
the self-lubricating bearings. If you feel
they must be lubricated, use only a dry,
powdered graphite type lubricant sparingly.
4. Reassemble blade bolt, lock washer
and flat washer in exact order as
Always observe safety rules when pershown.
forming any maintenance.
5.
Tighten blade bolt securely (27-35 Ft.
BRAKE OPERATION
Lbs. torque).
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet
IMPORTANT:
Blade bolt is heat treated.
to stop at highest speed in highest gear
If
bolt
needs
replacing,
replace only with
on a level, dry concrete or paved surface,
approve
bolt
shown
in
the
Repair Parts.
then brake must be checked and adjusted.
(See “TO ADJUST BRAKE” in the Service
Mandrel
Trailing
and Adjustments section of this manual).
Assembly
Edge Up
Blade
TIRES
Flat
Washer
• Maintain proper air pressure in all tires
(See “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
Lock
Washer
section of this manual).
• Keep tires free of gasoline, oil, or insect
Star
Blade Bolt
control chemicals which can harm rubCenter Hole
ber.
• Avoid stumps, stones, deep ruts, sharp
TO SHARPEN BLADE
objects and other hazards that may
NOTE: We do not recommend sharpcause tire damage.
ening blade - but if you do, be sure the
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
blade is balanced.
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
Care should be taken to keep the blade
may be purchased from your local parts
balanced. An unbalanced blade will cause
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
excessive vibration and eventual damage
rot and corrosion.
to mower and engine.
OPERATOR PRESENCE SYSTEM
• The blade can be sharpened with a file
or on a grinding wheel. Do not attempt
Be sure operator presence and interlock
to sharpen while on the mower.
systems are working properly. If your trac• To check blade balance, you will need a
tor does not function as described, repair
5/8" diameter steel bolt, pin, or a cone
the problem immediately.
balancer. (When using a cone balancer,
• The engine should not start unless
follow the instructions supplied with
the brake pedal is fully depressed and
balancer.)
attachement clutch control is in the
NOTE: Do not use a nail for balancing
disengaged position.
blade. The lobes of the center hole may
• When the engine is running, any atappear to be centered, but are not.
tempt by the operator to leave the seat
• Slide blade on to an unthreaded portion
without first setting the parking brake
of the steel bolt or pin and hold the
should shut off the engine.
bolt or pin parallel with the ground. If
• When the engine is running and the
blade is balanced, it should remain in a
attachment clutch is engaged, any athorizontal position. If either end of the
tempt by the operator to leave the seat
blade moves downward, sharpen the
should shut off the engine.
heavy end until the blade is balanced.
• The attachment clutch should never operate unless the operator is in the seat.
Center Hole
BLADE CARE
For best results mower blades must be
5/8" Bolt
Blade
kept sharp. Replace bent or damaged
or Pin
blades.
BLADE REMOVAL
BATTERY
1. Raise mower to highest position to alYour tractor has a battery charging system
low access to blades.
which is sufficient for normal use. How2. Remove blade bolt, lock washer and
ever, periodic charging of the battery with
flat washer securing blade.
an automotive charger will extend its life.
3. Install new or resharpened blade with
• Keep battery and terminals clean.
trailing edge up towards deck as shown. • Keep battery bolts tight.
IMPORTANT: To ensure proper assembly,
• Keep small vent holes open.
center hole in blade must align with star
• Recharge at 6-10 amperes for 1 hour.
on mandrel assembly.
18
TRACTOR
NOTE: The original equipment battery on
your tractor is maintenance free. Do not
attempt to open or remove caps or covers.
Adding or checking level of electrolyte is
not necessary.
TO CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS
Corrosion and dirt on the battery and
terminals can cause the battery to “leak”
power.
1. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and remove
battery from tractor.
2. Rinse the battery with plain water and
dry.
3. Clean terminals and battery cable ends
with wire brush until bright.
4. Coat terminals with grease or petroleum jelly.
5. Reinstall battery (See “REPLACING
BATTERY" in the SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS section of this manual).
TRANSAXLE COOLING
Keep transaxle free from build-up of dirt
and chaff which can restrict cooling.
V-BELTS
Check V-belts for deterioration and wear
after 100 hours of operation and replace
if necessary. The belts are not adjustable.
Replace belts if they begin to slip from
wear.
ENGINE
LUBRICATION
Only use high quality detergent oil rated
with API service classification SG-SL.
Select the oil’s SAE viscosity grade
according to your expected operating
temperature.
SAE VISCOSITY GRADES
SAE 30
5W-30
-20
F
C
-30
0
-20
30
-10
32
0
40
100
80
60
10
20
30
40
TO CHANGE ENGINE OIL
Determine temperature range expected
before oil change. All oil must meet API
service classification SG-SL.
• Be sure tractor is on level surface.
• Oil will drain more freely when warm.
• Catch oil in a suitable container.
1. Remove oil fill cap/dipstick. Be careful
not to allow dirt to enter the engine
when changing oil.
2. Remove yellow cap from end of drain
valve and install the drain tube onto the
fitting.
Closed
and
Locked
Position
Yellow Cap
Oil Drain Valve
Drain
Tube
3. Unlock drain valve by pushing inward
slightly and turning counterclockwise.
4. To open, pull out on the drain valve.
5. After oil has drained completely, close
and lock the drain valve by pushing
inward and turning clockwise until the
pin is in the locked position as shown.
6. Remove the drain tube and replace the
cap onto the end of the drain valve.
7. Refill engine with oil through oil fill dipstick tube. Pour slowly. Do not overfill.
For approximate capacity see “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual.
8. Use gauge on oil fill cap/dipstick for
checking level. For accurate reading,
tighten dipstick cap securely onto the
tube before removing dipstick. Keep oil
at “FULL” line on dipstick. Tighten cap
onto the tube securely when finished.
TEMPERATURE RANGE ANTICIPATED BEFORE NEXT OIL CHANGE
CLEAN AIR SCREEN
NOTE: Although multi-viscosity oils
Air screen must be kept free of dirt and
(5W30, 10W30 etc.) improve starting in
chaff to prevent engine damage from
cold weather, they will result in increased
overheating. Clean with a wire brush or
oil consumption when used above 32°F.
compressed air to remove dirt and stubCheck your engine oil level more frequentborn dried gum fibers.
ly to avoid possible engine damage from
running low on oil.
Change the oil after every 25 hours of operation or at least once a year if the tractor
is not used for 25 hours in one year.
Check the crankcase oil level before starting the engine and after each eight (8)
hours of operation. Tighten oil fill cap/
dipstick securely each time you check the
19
oil level.
AIR FILTER
Your engine will not run properly and may
be damaged by using a dirty air filter.
Remove cartridge every 25 hours and tap
gently to clean. Replace paper cartridge
once a year or after every 100 hours of
operation, more often if used in very dusty,
dirty conditions.
1. Remove knobs and cover.
2. Remove cartridge nut and clean or
replace cartridge.
3. Reassemble and tighten securely.
NOTE: Do not attempt to oil the paper
cartridge. See engine manual.
MUFFLER
Inspect and replace corroded muffler and
spark arrester (if equipped) as it could create a fire hazard and/or damage.
SPARK PLUG(S)
Replace spark plug(s) at the beginning
of each mowing season or after every
100 hours of operation, whichever occurs
first. Spark plug type and gap setting are
shown in “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS”
section of this manual.
IN-LINE FUEL FILTER
The fuel filter should be replaced once
each season. If fuel filter becomes
clogged, obstructing fuel flow to carburetor, replacement is required.
1. With engine cool, remove filter and
plug fuel line sections.
2. Place new fuel filter in position in fuel
line with arrow pointing towards carburetor.
3. Be sure there are no fuel line leaks and
clamps are properly positioned.
4. Immediately wipe up any spilled gasoline.
Clamp
Clamp
Fuel Filter
CLEANING
• Clean engine, battery, seat, finish, etc.
of all foreign matter.
• Keep finished surfaces and wheels free
of all gasoline, oil, etc.
• Protect painted surfaces with automotive type wax.
We do not recommend using a garden
hose or pressure washer to clean your
tractor unless the engine and transmission are covered to keep water out. Water
in engine or transmission will shorten the
useful life of your tractor. Use compressed
air or a leaf blower to remove grass,
leaves and trash from tractor and mower.
20
SERVICE AND ADJUSTMENTS
WARNING: TO AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, BEFORE PERFORMING ANY SERVICE OR ADJUSTMENTS:
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal fully and set parking brake.
2. Place gearshift lever in neutral (N) position.
3. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
4. Turn ignition key to “STOP” and remove key.
5. Make sure the blades and all moving parts have completely stopped.
6. Disconnect spark plug wire from spark plug and place wire where it cannot
come in contact with plug.
IMPORTANT: If an attachment other than
the mower deck is to be mounted on the
tractor, remove the front links and hook
the clutch spring Into square hole in frame.
TRACTOR
TO REMOVE MOWER
Mower will be easier to remove from the
right side of tractor.
1. Place attachment clutch in “DISENGAGED” position.
2. Move attachment lift lever forward to
lower mower to its lowest position.
3. Roll belt off engine pulley.
4. Remove small retainer spring, and
remove clutch spring off pulley bolt.
5. Remove large retainer spring, slide
collar off and push housing guide out
of bracket.
6. Disconnect anti-sway bar from chassis
bracket by removing retainer spring.
7. Disconnect suspension arms from rear
deck brackets by removing retainer
springs.
8. Disconnect front links from deck by
removing retainer springs.
9. Raise lift lever to raise suspension
arms. Slide mower out from under tractor.
TO INSTALL MOWER
1. Raise attachment lift lever to its highest
position.
2. Slide mower under tractor with deflector shield to right side of tractor.
3. Lower lift lever to its lowest position.
4. Connect front links to mower deck and
secure with retainer springs.
5. Connect suspension arms to rear
deck brackets and secure with retainer
springs.
6. Connect anti-sway bar to chassis
bracket and secure with retainer spring.
7. Push clutch cable housing guide into
bracket, slide collar onto guide and
secure with large retainer spring.
8. Place flat washer and clutch spring on
idler pulley bolt and secure with small
retainer spring.
9. Install belt onto engine pulley.
Flat Washer
Small Retainer Spring
Clutch Spring
Square Hole
Small Retainer Spring
Suspension
Arms
Clutch Spring
Engine Pulley
Front Link
Retainer Spring
Anti-Sway Bar
Retainer Springs
(Both Sides)
Collar
Deflector
Shield
Housing Guide
Large Retainer
Spring
Bracket
21
TO LEVEL MOWER HOUSING
Adjust the mower while tractor is parked
on level ground or driveway. Make sure
tires are properly inflated (See “PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS” section of this
manual). If tires are over or underinflated,
you will not properly adjust your mower.
To obtain the best cutting results, the
mower housing should be adjusted so
that the front is approximately 1/8" to 1/2"
lower than the rear when the mower is in
its highest position.
Check adjustment on right side of tractor. Measure distance “D” directly in front
and behind the mandrel at bottom edge of
mower housing as shown.
• Before making any necessary adjustments, check that both front links are
equal in length.
• If links are not equal in length, adjust
one link to same length as other link.
• To lower front of mower loosen nut “E”
on both front links an equal number of
turns.
• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2"
lower at front than rear, tighten nuts “F”
against trunnion on both front links.
• To raise front of mower, loosen nut “F”
from trunnion on both front links. Tighten
nut “E” on both front links an equal number of turns. The two front links must
remain equal in length.
• When distance “D” is 1/8" to 1/2" lower
at front than rear, tighten nut “F” against
trunnion on both front links.
• Recheck side-to-side adjustment.
SIDE-TO-SIDE ADJUSTMENT
• Raise mower to its highest position.
• At the midpoint of both sides of mower,
measure height from bottom edge of
mower to ground. Distance “A” on both
sides of mower should be the same or
within 1/4" of each other.
• If adjustment is necessary, make adjustment on one side of mower only.
• To raise one side of mower, tighten lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
• To lower one side of mower, loosen lift
link adjustment nut on that side.
NOTE: Each full turn of adjustment nut
will change mower height about 1/8".
• Recheck measurements after adjusting.
Bottom edge of
mower to ground
A
Bottom edge of
mower to ground
Ground Line
A
Mandrel
Suspension Arm
“D”
“D”
Both Front Links Should be Equal in Length
Lift Link Adjustment Nut
FRONT-TO-BACK ADJUSTMENT
IMPORTANT: Deck must be level side-to
side. If the following front-to-back adjustment is necessary, be sure to adjust both
front links equally so mower will stay level
side-to-side.
Nut “E”
Nut “F”
Trunnion
Front Links
22
TO REPLACE MOWER BLADE DRIVE
BELT
The mower blade drive belt may be replaced without tools. Park the tractor on
level surface. Engage parking brake.
2. Measure distance between brake operating arm and nut “A” on brake rod.
3. If distance is other than 1-1/2", loosen
jam nut and turn nut “A” until distance
becomes 1-1/2". Retighten jam nut
against nut “A”.
4. Road test tractor for proper stopping
distance as stated above. Readjust
if necessary. If stopping distance is
still greater than five (5) feet in highest
gear, further maintenance is necessary. Contact an authorized service
center/department.
BELT REMOVAL 1. Remove mower from tractor (See “TO
REMOVE MOWER” in this section of
manual).
2. Work belt off both mandrel pulleys and
idler pulleys.
3. Pull belt away from mower.
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Work belt around both mandrel pulleys
and idler pulleys
2. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides.
3. Install mower (See “To Install Mower” in
this section of this manual).
Mandrel
Pulley
With parking brake “Engaged”
1-1/2"
Nut “A”
Jam Nut
Idler
Pulleys
Operating Arm
TO REPLACE MOTION DRIVE BELT
Park the tractor on level surface. Engage
parking brake. For assistance, there is a
belt installation guide decal on bottom side
of left footrest.
Mandrel
Pulley
BELT REMOVAL 1. Remove mower (See “TO REMOVE
MOWER” in this section of manual).
NOTE: Observe entire motion drive belt
and position of all belt guides and keepers.
2. Remove belt from stationary idler and
clutching idler.
3. Remove belt downward from around
engine pulley.
4. Pull belt slack toward rear of tractor.
Remove belt upwards from transaxle
pulley by deflecting belt keepers.
5. Remove belt from center span keeper
and pull belt away from tractor.
TO CHECK AND ADJUST BRAKE
Your tractor is equipped with an adjustable
brake system which is mounted on the
right side of the transaxle.
If tractor requires more than five (5) feet to
stop at highest speed in highest gear on a
level, dry concrete or paved surface, then
brake must be checked and adjusted.
TO CHECK BRAKE
1. Park tractor on a level, dry concrete or
paved surface, depress clutch/brake
pedal all the way down and engage
parking brake.
2. Place gear shift lever in neutral (N)
position.
The rear wheels must lock and skid when
you try to manually push the tractor forward. If the rear wheels rotate, the brake
needs to be adjusted or the pads need to
be replaced.
TO ADJUST BRAKE
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal all the way
down and engage parking brake.
23
BELT INSTALLATION 1. Carefully work new belt down between
transaxle belt keepers and onto the
input pulley.
2. Slide belt into the center span keeper.
3. Pull belt toward front of tractor and roll
around the top groove of engine pulley.
4. Install belt through stationary idler and
clutching idler.
5. Make sure belt is in all pulley grooves
and inside all belt guides and keepers.
6. Install mower (See “TO INSTALL
MOWER” in this section of manual).
Engine
Pulley
Washers
Retaining
Ring
Axle
Cover
Clutching
Idler
Stationary
Idler
Center
Span
Keeper
Square Key
(Rear Wheel Only)
Transaxle
Pulley
TO START ENGINE WITH A WEAK
BATTERY
WARNING: Lead-acid batteries generate explosive gases. Keep sparks, flame
and smoking materials away from batteries. Always wear eye protection when
around batteries.
If your battery is too weak to start the
engine, it should be recharged. (See "BATTERY" in the MAINTENANCE section of
this manual).
If “jumper cables” are used for emergency
starting, follow this procedure:
IMPORTANT: Your tractor is equipped
with a 12 volt system. The other vehicle
must also be a 12 volt system. Do not use
your tractor battery to start other vehicles.
TO ADJUST STEERING WHEEL ALIGNMENT
If steering wheel crossbars are not
horizontal (left to right) when wheels are
positioned straight forward, remove steering wheel and reassemble with crossbars
horizontal. Tighten securely.
TO ATTACH JUMPER CABLES 1. Connect one end of the RED cable
to the POSITIVE (+) terminal of each
battery(A-B), taking care not to short
against tractor chassis.
2. Connect one end of the BLACK cable
to the NEGATIVE (-) terminal (C) of
fully charged battery.
3. Connect the other end of the BLACK
cable (D) to good chassis ground,
away from fuel tank and battery.
FRONT WHEEL TOE-IN/CAMBER
The front wheel toe-in and camber are not
adjustable on your tractor. If damage has
occurred to affect the front wheel toe-in or
camber, contact your nearest authorized
service center/department.
TO REMOVE WHEEL FOR REPAIRS
1. Block up axle securely.
2. Remove axle cover, retaining ring and
washers to allow wheel removal (rear
wheels have a square key - Do not
lose).
3. Repair tire and reassemble.
NOTE: On rear wheels only: align
grooves in rear wheel hub and axle. Insert
square key.
4. Replace washers and snap retaining
ring securely in axle groove.
5. Replace axle cover.
NOTE: To seal tire punctures and prevent
flat tires due to slow leaks, tire sealant
may be purchased from your local parts
dealer. Tire sealant also prevents tire dry
rot and corrosion.
TO REMOVE CABLES, REVERSE
ORDER 1. BLACK cable first from chassis and
then from the fully charged battery.
2. RED cable last from both batteries.
Weak or Dead
Battery
24
Fully Charged
Battery
REPLACING BATTERY
WARNING: Do not short battery terminals by allowing a wrench or any other
object to contact both terminals at the same
time. Before connecting battery, remove
metal bracelets, wristwatch bands, rings,
etc.
Positive terminal must be connected first to
prevent sparking from accidental grounding.
1. Lift seat pan to raised position.
2. Disconnect BLACK battery cable first
then RED battery cable and carefully
remove battery from tractor.
3. Install new battery with terminals in
same position as old battery.
4. First connect RED battery cable to positive (+) terminal with hex bolt and keps
nut as shown. Tighten securely. Slide
terminal cover over terminal
5. Connect BLACK grounding cable to
negative (-) terminal with remaining hex
bolt and keps nut. Tighten securely.
TO REMOVE HOOD AND GRILL ASSEMBLY
1. Raise hood.
2. Unsnap headlight wire connector.
3. Stand in front of tractor. Grasp hood at
sides, tilt toward engine and lift off of
tractor.
4. When replacing hood, be sure to reconnect the headlight wire connector.
Hood
Headlight
Wire
Connector
ENGINE
Seat Pan
TO ADJUST THROTTLE CONTROL
CABLE
The throttle control has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. Check adjustment as described
below before loosening cable. If adjustment is necessary, see engine manual
Terminal Cover
TO ADJUST CARBURETOR
Keps Nut
Hex
Bolt
Positive
(Red)
Cable
Negative
(Black) Cable
TO REPLACE HEADLIGHT BULB
1. Raise hood.
2. Pull bulb holder out of the hole in the
backside of the grill.
3. Replace bulb in holder and push bulb
holder securely back into the hole in
the backside of the grill.
4. Close hood.
INTERLOCKS AND RELAYS
Loose or damaged wiring may cause
your tractor to run poorly, stop running, or
prevent it from starting.
• Check wiring. See electrical wiring
diagram in the Repair Parts section.
TO REPLACE FUSE
Replace with 20 amp automotive-type
plug-in fuse. The fuse holder is located
behind the dash.
25
The carburetor has been preset at the
factory and adjustment should not be necessary. However, minor adjustment may
be required to compensate for differences
in fuel, temperature, altitude or load. If
the carburetor does need adjustment, see
engine manual.
STORAGE
Immediately prepare your tractor for storage at the end of the season or if the tractor will not be used for 30 days or more.
WARNING: Never store the tractor
with gasoline in the tank inside a building
where fumes may reach an open flame
or spark. Allow the engine to cool before
storing in any enclosure.
TRACTOR
Remove mower from tractor for winter
storage. When mower is to be stored for a
period of time, clean it thoroughly, remove
all dirt, grease, leaves, etc. Store in a
clean, dry area.
1. Clean entire tractor (See “CLEANING”
in the Maintenance section of this
manual).
2. Inspect and replace belts, if necessary
(See belt replacement instructions in
the Service and Adjustments section of
this manual).
3. Lubricate as shown in the Maintenance
section of this manual.
4. Be sure that all nuts, bolts and screws
are securely fastened. Inspect moving
parts for damage, breakage and wear.
Replace if necessary.
5. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint
surfaces; sand lightly before painting.
BATTERY
• Fully charge the battery for storage.
• After a period of time in storage, battery
may require recharging.
• To help prevent corrosion and power
leakage during long periods of storage,
battery cables should be disconnected
and battery cleaned thoroughly (see “TO
CLEAN BATTERY AND TERMINALS” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
• After cleaning, leave cables disconnected and place cables where they
cannot come in contact with battery
terminals.
• If battery is removed from tractor for
storage, do not store battery directly on
concrete or damp surfaces.
ENGINE
FUEL SYSTEM
IMPORTANT: It is important to prevent
gum deposits from forming in essential
fuel system parts such as carburetor, fuel
hose, or tank during storage. Also, alcohol
26
blended fuels (called gasohol or using
ethanol or methanol) can attract moisture
which leads to separation and formation of
acids during storage. Acidic gas can damage the fuel system of an engine while in
storage.
• Empty the fuel tank by starting the engine and letting it run until the fuel lines
and carburetor are empty.
• Never use engine or carburetor cleaner
products in the fuel tank or permanent
damage may occur.
• Use fresh fuel next season.
NOTE: Fuel stabilizer is an acceptable
alternative in minimizing the formation of
fuel gum deposits during storage. Add
stabilizer to gasoline in fuel tank or storage container. Always follow the mix ratio
found on stabilizer container. Run engine
at least 10 minutes after adding stabilizer
to allow the stabilizer to reach the carburetor. Do not empty the gas tank and
carburetor if using fuel stabilizer.
ENGINE OIL
Drain oil (with engine warm) and replace
with clean engine oil. (See “ENGINE” in
the Maintenance section of this manual).
CYLINDER(S)
1. Remove spark plug(s).
2. Pour one ounce of oil through spark
plug hole(s) into cylinder(s).
3. Turn ignition key to start position for a
few seconds to distribute oil.
4. Replace with new spark plug(s).
OTHER
• Do not store gasoline from one season
to another.
• Replace your gasoline can if your can
starts to rust. Rust and/or dirt in your
gasoline will cause problems.
• If possible, store your tractor indoors
and cover it to give protection from dust
and dirt.
• Cover your tractor with a suitable protective cover that does not retain moisture. Do not use plastic. Plastic cannot
breathe which allows condensation to
form and will cause your tractor to rust.
IMPORTANT: Never cover tractor while
engine and exhaust areas are still warm.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
Will not start
CAUSE
1. Out of fuel.
2. Engine not “CHOKED”
properly.
3. Engine flooded.
CORRECTION
1. Fill fuel tank.
2. See “TO START ENGINE” in
Operation section.
3. Wait several minutes before
attempting to start.
4. Bad spark plug.
4. Replace spark plug.
5. Dirty air filter.
5. Clean/replace air filter.
6. Dirty fuel filter.
6. Replace fuel filter.
7 Water in fuel.
7. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh gas
oline and replace fuel filter.
8. Loose or damaged wiring.
8. Check all wiring.
9. Carburetor out of adjustment. 9. See “To Adjust Carburetor”
in Service and Adjustments
section.
10. Engine valves out of
10. Contact a qualified service
adjustment.
center/department.
Hard to start
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Clean/replace air filter.
Replace spark plug.
Recharge or replace battery.
Replace fuel filter.
Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
6. Loose or damaged wiring.
6. Check all wiring.
7. Carburetor out of adjustment. 7. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
8. Engine valves out of
8. Contact a qualified
adjustment.
service center/department.
Engine will not
turn over
1. Clutch/brake pedal not
depressed.
2. Attachment clutch is
engaged.
3. Weak or dead battery.
4. Blown fuse.
5. Corroded battery terminals.
6. Loose or damaged wiring.
7. Faulty ignition switch.
8. Faulty solenoid or starter.
Dirty air filter.
Bad spark plug.
Weak or dead battery.
Dirty fuel filter.
Stale or dirty fuel.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Depress clutch/brake pedal.
9. Faulty operator presence
switch(es).
2. Disengage attachment
clutch.
3. Recharge or replace battery.
4. Replace fuse.
5. Clean battery terminals.
6. Check all wiring.
7. Check/replace ignition switch.
8. Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
9. Contact a qualified service
center/department.
Engine clicks but
will not start
1.
2.
3.
4.
1.
2.
3.
4.
Loss of power
1. Cutting too much grass/too
1. Raise cutting height/reduce
fast.
speed.
2. Throttle in “CHOKE” position. 2. Adjust throttle control.
Weak or dead battery.
Corroded battery terminals.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Faulty solenoid or starter.
27
Recharge or replace battery.
Clean battery terminals.
Check all wiring.
Check/replace solenoid or
starter.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
Loss of power
(continued)
CAUSE
3. Build-up of grass, leaves and
trash under mower.
4. Dirty air filter.
5. Low oil level/dirty oil.
6. Faulty spark plug.
CORRECTION
3. Clean underside of mower
housing.
4. Clean/replace air filter.
5. Check oil level/change oil.
6. Clean and regap or change
spark plug.
7. Dirty fuel filter.
7. Replace fuel filter.
8. Stale or dirty fuel.
8. Empty fuel tank and refill tank
with fresh, clean gasoline.
9. Water in fuel.
9. Empty fuel tank and carburetor, refill tank with fresh gasoline and replace fuel filter.
10. Spark plug wire loose.
10. Connect and tighten spark
plug wire.
11. Dirty engine air screen/fins. 11. Clean engine air screen/fins.
12. Dirty/clogged muffler.
12. Clean/replace muffler.
13. Loose or damaged wiring.
13. Check all wiring.
14. Carburetor out of adjustment. 14. See “To Adjust Carburetor” in
Service and Adjustments
section.
15. Engine valves out of
15. Contact a qualified service
adjustment.
center/department.
Excessive
vibration
1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2. Bent blade mandrel.
3. Loose/damaged part(s).
Engine continues 1. Faulty operator-safety
to run when operpresence control system.
ator leaves seat
with attachment
clutch engaged
1. Replace blade. Tighten blade
bolt.
2. Contact a qualified service
center/department.
3. Tighten loose part(s).
Replace damaged parts.
1. Check wiring, switches and
connections. If not contact a
qualified service center/department.
Poor cut - uneven 1. Worn, bent or loose blade.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1. Replace blade. Tighten
blade bolt.
Mower deck not level.
2. Level mower deck.
Buildup of grass, leaves, and 3. Clean underside of mower
trash under mower.
housing.
Bent blade mandrel.
4. Contact a qualified service
center/department.
Clogged mower deck vent
5. Clean around mandrels to
holes from buildup of grass,
open vent holes.
leaves, and trash around
mandrels.
Mower blades will 1. Obstruction in clutch
not rotate
mechanism.
2. Worn/damaged mower drive
belt.
3. Frozen idler pulley.
4. Frozen blade mandrel.
28
1. Remove obstruction.
2. Replace mower drive belt.
3. Replace idler pulley.
4. Contact a qualified service
center/department.
TROUBLESHOOTING CHART
PROBLEM
Poor grass
discharge
CAUSE
CORRECTION
1. Engine speed too slow.
2. Travel speed too fast.
3. Wet grass.
4. Mower deck not level.
5. Low/uneven tire air
pressure.
6. Worn, bent or loose blade.
7. Buildup of grass, leaves
and trash under mower.
8. Mower drive belt worn.
9. Blades improperly installed.
10. Improper blades used.
11. Clogged mower deck vent
holes from buildup of grass,
leaves, and trash around
mandrels.
Headlight(s) not
working
(if so equipped)
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Switch is “OFF”.
Bulb(s) or lamp(s) burned out.
Faulty light switch.
Loose or damaged wiring.
Blown fuse.
Battery will not
charge
1. Bad battery cell(s).
2. Poor cable connections.
3. Faulty regulator
(if so equipped).
4. Faulty alternator.
Engine “backfires” 1. Engine throttle control not
when turning
set at “SLOW” position
engine “OFF”
for 30 seconds before
stopping engine.
29
1. Place throttle control in
“FAST” position.
2. Shift to slower speed.
3. Allow grass to dry before
mowing.
4. Level mower deck.
5. Check tires for proper air
pressure.
6. Replace/sharpen blade.
Tighten blade bolt.
7. Clean underside of mower
housing.
8. Replace mower drive belt.
9. Reinstall blades sharp edge
down.
10. Replace with blades listed in
this manual.
11. Clean around mandrels to
open vent holes.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Turn switch “ON”.
Replace bulb(s) or lamp(s).
Check/replace light switch.
Check wiring and connections.
Replace fuse.
1. Replace battery.
2. Check/clean all connections.
3. Replace regulator.
4. Replace alternator.
1. Move throttle control to
“SLOW” position and allow
to idle for 30 seconds before
stopping engine.
SERVICE NOTES
30
47
1. Fold this page along dotted line indicated above.
2. Hold page before you so that its left edge is vertically parallel to a tree
trunk or other upright structure.
3. Sight across the fold in the direction of hill slope you want to measure.
4. Compare the angle of the fold with the slope of the hill.
WARNING: To avoid serious injury, operate your tractor up and
down the face of slopes, never across the face. Do not mow
slopes greater than 15 degrees. Make turns gradually to prevent
tipping or loss of control. Exercise extreme caution when
changing direction on slopes.
15 DEGREES MAX.
ONLY RIDE UP AND DOWN HILL,
NOT ACROSS HILL
FOL
D AL
ONG
THIS
DOT
IS A
TED
15 D
LINE
EGR
EE S
LOP
E
SUGGESTED GUIDE FOR SIGHTING SLOPES FOR SAFE OPERATION
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