Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC

Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC
Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM
Appliance
This chapter describes how to install the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image on the appliance and configure it.
• Installing the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance in a Rack, page 1
• Downloading the Cisco APIC-EM ISO Image, page 1
• Installing the ISO Image on the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance, page 2
• Prerequisites for Configuring Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance, page 6
• Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters, page 7
• Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance, page 10
Installing the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance in a Rack
Refer to Installing the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance in a Rack for information on safety guidelines, site
requirements, and guidelines that you must observe before installing the Cisco APIC-EM series appliance.
Downloading the Cisco APIC-EM ISO Image
You can download the latest Cisco APIC-EM ISO image from Cisco.com
Step 1
Go to the following URL address:
http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/cloud-systems-management/one-enterprise-network-controller/
tsd-products-support-general-information.html
You must already have valid Cisco.com login credentials to access this link.
Step 2
Click Download Software for this Product.
Proceed to download the ISO file to a secure location on your network.
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Installing the ISO Image on the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Installing the ISO Image on the Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
After you download the ISO image, you can perform a fresh installation on your Cisco APIC-EM series
appliance by using any of the following methods:
• Install the ISO image using the CIMC Remote Management Utility.
1 Configure CIMC.
2 Install the Cisco APIC-EM software release remotely.
You must configure the CIMC to perform this remote installation.
• Install the ISO image using a USB flash drive.
1 Create a bootable USB flash drive.
2 Connect the USB flash device to the Cisco APIC-EM series appliance.
3 Install the Cisco APIC-EM software release using the local KVM or remotely using the CIMC KVM.
• Install the ISO using an external DVD drive with a USB port.
1 Burn the ISO image on to a DVD.
2 Connect the external USB DVD to the Cisco APIC-EM series appliance.
3 Install the Cisco APIC-EM software release via the local KVM or remotely using the CIMC KVM.
Note
If your Cisco APIC-EM series appliance is running an earlier version of the controller software, you can
upgrade it to the latest version by following the upgrade procedure using the GUI as described in the
Release Notes for the Cisco Application Policy Infrastructure Controller Enterprise Module. Currently,
reimaging your existing Cisco APIC-EM series appliance to perform an upgrade to the latest release not
supported.
Note
For installing the Cisco APIC-EM software release using a USB flash device or an external DVD with a
USB port, the CIMC configuration is optional. Choose one of these options if you do not prefer a remote
installation.
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Configuring CIMC
Configuring CIMC
You can perform all operations on Cisco APIC-EM series appliances using the CIMC. To do this, you must
first configure an IP address and IP gateway to access the CIMC from a web-based browser.
Step 1
Step 2
Step 3
Attach a keyboard and monitor to the USB ports on the rear panel of the appliance or by using a KVM cable and connector
to access the appliance console.
Plug in the power cord.
Press the Power button to boot the server. Watch for the prompt to press F8 as shown in the following screen.
Figure 1: CIMC Opening Screen
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Configuring CIMC
Step 4
During bootup, press F8 when prompted to open the BIOS CIMC Configuration Utility. The following screen appears.
Figure 2: CIMC Configuration Utility
Step 5
In the Configuration Utility window, change the following fields as specified:
• NIC mode—Select Dedicated.
• IP (Basic)—Select IPV4.
• CIMC IP—Enter the IP address of the CIMC.
• Prefix/Subnet—Enter the subnet of the CIMC.
• Gateway—Enter the Gateway address.
• Pref DNS Server—Enter the preferred DNS server address, if available.
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Creating a Bootable USB Drive
• NIC Redundancy—None
Step 6
Step 7
Press F1 to specify additional settings.
Make the following changes on the Additional Settings window:
• For Common Properties, enter a hostname for CIMC.
• For Common Properties, turn off Dynamic DNS.
• Turn off the Factory Defaults.
• Enter the admin password. If you leave the password field blank, the default password is password.
• Enter new Port Properties or accept the default.
• Turn off the Port Profiles.
Step 8
Step 9
Step 10
Press F10 to save the settings.
Press escape to exit and reboot the server.
After the settings are saved, open a browser and enter the following URL:
https://CIMC_ip_address where CIMC_IP_address is the IP address that you entered in Step 5.
What to Do Next
Use CIMC to install the Cisco APIC-EM software release on a Cisco APIC-EM series appliance. For
information about this procedure, see Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance, on
page 10.
Creating a Bootable USB Drive
Follow the procedure described below to create a bootable USB drive for the Cisco APIC-EM appliance.
Note
As an example, this procedure uses the Rufus freeware utility (version 2.6.818) to create a bootable USB
drive. The URL for the Rufus freeware utility download is located at: https://rufus.akeo.ie/
Before You Begin
The bootable USB drive should have a minimum capacity of at least 8 GB.
Step 1
Download a freeware utility to create a bootable USB drive to your laptop or desktop.
After download, open and install the utility.
The Rufus freeware utility will open and
self-install.
Connect your USB drive to your laptop or desktop where you downloaded the utility.
After connecting your USB drive, the utility GUI appears.
Note
Step 2
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Prerequisites for Configuring Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Enter or choose the following values for the bootable USB drive:
• Partition scheme and target system type: MBR partition scheme for BIOS or UEFI
• File system: FAT32
• Cluster size: 4096 bytes
• Quick format
• Create a bootable disk using FreeDOS
• Create extended label and icon files
For the Rufus freeware utility, do not change the displayed values in the
GUI.
For the Rufus freeware utility, click the Click to select image icon in the middle of the GUI.
Note
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Browse to the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image on your network and select it.
Click Start to begin copying the ISO image to the USB drive.
This action creates the USB drive as a bootable USB drive with the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image installed.
Remove the bootable USB drive from the laptop or desktop and use it wherever you will install the controller.
What to Do Next
Insert the bootable USB drive into the server or appliance where you will install the controller.
Prerequisites for Configuring Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Cisco APIC-EM series appliances are preinstalled with the latest Cisco APIC-EM software.
Make sure that you identify all of the following configuration settings for your deployment before proceeding:
• Hostname
• IP address for the Gigabit Ethernet 0 (eth0) interface
• Netmask
• Default gateway
• Domain Name System (DNS) domain
• Primary name server
• Primary Network Time Protocol (NTP) servers
Note
We recommend three NTP servers for the deployment.
• HTTPS proxy server
• Controller GUI username
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters
• Controller GUI password
• Linux (Grapevine) username
• Linux (Grapevine) password
Note
For details about the differences between the controller (GUI) admin user and the Linux (Grapevine)
admin user, see Admin User Right Differences.
Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters
When the Cisco APIC-EM software configuration begins, an interactive configuration wizard prompts you
to enter required parameters to configure the controller.
Note
Ensure that the DNS and NTP servers are reachable before you run the configuration wizard and whenever
a Cisco APIC-EM host reboots in the deployment.
Table 1: Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters
Configuration Wizard Prompt
Description
Example
Host IP address
Must be a valid IPv4 address for
the host.
10.0.0.12
This IP address is used for the
network adapter (eth0) on the host
and connects to the external
network or networks. For multiple
network adapters, have several IP
addresses available.
(Optional) Virtual IP address
Must be a valid IPv4 address.
10.12.13.14
This virtual IP address is used for
the network adapter (eth0) on the
host. You should only configure a
virtual IP address, if you are setting
up a multi-host deployment.
Netmask IP address
Must be a valid IPv4 netmask.
255.255.255.0
Default Gateway IP address
Must be a valid IPv4 address for
the default gateway.
10.12.13.1
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Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters
Configuration Wizard Prompt
Description
Example
Primary server
Must be a valid IPv4 address for
the primary server.
10.15.20.25
Must be a valid IPv4 address or
hostname of a Network Time
Protocol (NTP) server.
10.12.13.10
Must be a valid NTP domain.
10.12.13.11
Primary NTP server
Add/Edit another NTP server
Note
Enter either a single IP
address for a single
primary server, or
multiple IP addresses
separated by spaces for
DNS servers.
Enter either a single IP address for
a single NTP primary server, or
multiple IP addresses separated by
spaces for several NTP servers. We
recommend that you configure
three NTP servers for your
deployment.
Allows you to configure multiple
NTP servers.
Note
HTTPS proxy server
Must be a valid IPv4 address for
the HTTPS proxy with port
number.
https://209.165.200.11:3128
Admin Username
Identifies the administrative
username used for GUI access to
the Cisco APIC-EM controller.
admin2780
We recommend that the username
be three to eight characters in
length and be composed of valid
alphanumeric characters (A–Z, a–z,
or 0–9).
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We recommend that you
configure three NTP
servers for your
deployment.
Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Cisco APIC-EM Configuration Wizard Parameters
Configuration Wizard Prompt
Description
Example
Admin Password
Identifies the administrative
password that is used for GUI
access to the Cisco APIC-EM
controller. You must create this
password because there is no
default. The password meet the
following requirements:
MyIseYPass2
• Eight character minimum
length.
• Does NOT contain a tab or a
line break.
• Does contain characters from
at least three of the following
categories:
◦Uppercase alphabet
◦Lowercase alphabet
◦Numeral
◦Special characters (for
example, ! or #)
Linux Username
Identifies the Linux (Grapevine)
username used for CLI access to
the Grapevine root and clients.
The default is 'grapevine' and
cannot be changed.
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Configuration Wizard Prompt
Description
Example
Linux Password
Identifies the Linux (Grapevine) MyGVPass01
password that is used for CLI
access to the Grapevine roots and
clients. You must create this
password because there is no
default. The password meet the
following requirements:
• Eight character minimum
length.
• Does NOT contain a tab or a
line break.
• Does contain characters from
at least three of the following
categories:
◦Uppercase alphabet
◦Lowercase alphabet
◦Numeral
◦Special characters (for
example, ! or #)
Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
After you configure the CIMC for your appliance, you can use it to manage a Cisco APIC-EM series appliance.
You can perform all operations including BIOS configuration through the CIMC.
Before You Begin
Ensure that you have connected and powered up the appliance by following the recommended procedures in
this guide.
Ensure that you have configured the CIMC on your appliance. For information about this procedure, see
Configuring CIMC, on page 3
Ensure that you have the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image on the client machine from which you are accessing the
CIMC or you have a bootable USB with the image for installation.
Ensure that you have your Cisco APIC-EM program parameter information available and the requirements
ready for deployment (for example, NTP servers).
Step 1
Connect to the CIMC for appliance management.
Connect the Ethernet cables from the LAN to the appliance using the ports selected by the Network Interface Card (NIC)
Mode setting. The active-active and active-passive NIC redundancy settings require you to connect to two ports.
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Step 2
Step 3
Step 4
Step 5
Step 6
Step 7
Step 8
Step 9
Use a browser and the IP address of the CIMC to log in to the CIMC Setup Utility.
The IP address is based on the CIMC configuration that you made.
The default username for the server is admin. The default password is password.
Click Launch KVM Console in the CIMC GUI .
Use your CIMC credentials to log into the KVM console.
Click Virtual Media on the KVM Console menu bar.
Click Activate Virtual Devices from the Virtual Media drop down menu.
Browse to the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image in the Virtual Media - Map CD/DVD window.
Once the Cisco APIC-EM ISO image appears in the Drive/Image File field, click the Map Device button.
The Read Only check box should be checked in this window.
Choose Macros | Static Macros | Ctrl-Alt-Del to boot the Cisco APIC-EM series appliance using the ISO image. A
screen similar to the one shown in the following figure appears.
Figure 3: CIMC Window
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Installing and Configuring a Cisco APIC-EM Appliance
Using CIMC to Configure a Cisco APIC-EM Series Appliance
Step 10
Press F6 to bring up the boot menu. A screen similar to the following one appears.
Figure 4: Boot Device Window
Step 11
Choose the DVD that you mapped and press Enter.
After pressing Enter, the Cisco APIC-EM ISO software and files are installed on your appliance.
After these files are installed, the Ubuntu screen briefly appears. Next, the Cisco APIC-EM configuration wizard starts.
Step 12
Proceed to configure the Cisco APIC-EM using the wizard.
If the configuration wizard does not start, then enter the config_wizard command initiate the configuration process.
See the “Configuring Cisco APIC-EM as a Single Host Using the Wizard” section in the Cisco Application Policy
Infrastructure Controller Enterprise Module Deployment Guide, for information about the configuration wizard process.
After you are done with the configuration wizard and have rebooted, the Cisco APIC-EM GUI Login window appears.
The Cisco APIC-EM is now ready to use.
What to Do Next
At the Cisco APIC-EM GUI Login window, you are prompted to enter the web-based admin login credentials
(username and password) to access the Cisco APIC-EM user interface. You can initially access the web
interface by using the GUI admin user’s username and password that you defined during the setup process.
After you log in to the Cisco APIC-EM user interface, you can then configure your controller settings including
discovery credentials, SNMP values, and certificates. See the " Configuring the Cisco APIC-EM Settings"
chapter in the Cisco Application Policy Infrastructure Controller Enterprise Module Deployment Guide, for
information about configuring the controller settings.
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