syllabus for trade practical and trade theory - Apply
SYLLABUS FOR TRADE PRACTICAL AND TRADE THEORY
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Trade practical
Trade theory
Trade and Orientation
Visit to the institute and workshops.
Introduction with the principal and other staffs.
Care and safe working habits, safety precautions
to be demonstrated to the trainees.
Elementary first aid practice.
Identify different types of fire extinguishers.
Do’s and Don’ts and standard practices to be
followed in the institute
Hand Tools and their uses
 Demonstration and uses of hand toolsscrew drivers, pliers, tweezers, tester,
wire stripper, electrician knife, steel rule,
scriber, punches, hack saw,
hammer,
files, bench vice and drilling machine.
 Simple mechanical fixtures
 Identification of types of screws, bolts,
nuts, washers, rivets, clamps, connectors
 Fix screws of different sizes on wooden
boards
 Cutting of wooden blocks using
hand/hack saw
 Simple fitting practice and drilling
practice
 Simple sheet metal works
Basics of AC and Electrical Cables
 Identify the Phase, Neutral and Earth on
power Socket.
 Construct a test lamp and use it to check
mains healthiness.
 Use a Tester to monitor AC power.
 Measure the voltage between phase and
1
Introduction to NCVT and certification
mechanism.
Semester system and its flexibility for
the trainee and to the institute.
EM trade and its applicability in
industries.
Expectations of the industry from
trainees after the completion of the
trade.
The skills to be acquired to become
part of industry.
Introduction to safety, safety signs, and
measures to be taken to maintain the
standards of safety of personal working
and the equipments.
Different first aid mechanisms to
rescue the affected by electric shocks
or any physical injuries.
Identification, specifications, uses and
maintenance of commonly used hand
tools.
Riveting of tags and lugs, cutting and
bending of sheet metals, chassis and
cabinets.
Basic terms such as electric charges,
Potential difference, Voltage, Current,
Resistance. Basics of AC & DC. Terms
such as +ve cycle, -ve cycle,
Frequency, Time period, RMS, Peak,
P-P, Instantaneous value. Single phase
and Three phase supply. Terms like
Line and Phase voltage/ currents.
Insulators,
conductors
and
4
5
ground and rectify earthing.
 Identify and test different AC mains
cables.
 Skin the electrical wires /cables using the
wire stripper and cutter.
 Measure the gauge of the wire using
SWG.
 Prepare the mains cable for termination.
 Crimp the lugs to wire end and Solder the
lugs to wire end
 Solder/crimp/terminate different types of
electrical connectors
 Measure AC and DC voltages using
multi meter.
Cells & Batteries
 Identify the primary and secondary cells
 Measure and test the voltages of the
given cells/battery using analog / digital
multimeter.
 Charging and discharging the battery.
 Maintain the secondary battery.
 Use a hydro meter to measure the
specific gravity of the secondary battery.
Passive Components
 Identify the different types of resistors
 Measure the resistor values using colour
code and verify the reading by measuring
in multi meter
 Identify the power rating using size
 Verify ohms law
 Measure the resistance, Voltage, Current
through series and parallel connected
networks using multi meter
 Identify different inductors and measure
the values using LCR meter
 Identify the different capacitors and
measure
capacitance
of
various
capacitors using LCR meter
 Make an electro magnet.
 Install a solenoid valve in a flow line.
 Identify and test the circuit breaker and
other protecting devices.
 Dismantle and identify the different parts
of a relay.
 Connect a relay in a circuit and test for
its working
 Dismantle and identify the different parts
of the electrical contactor
 Connect a contactor in a circuit and test
2
semiconductor properties. Different
type of electrical cables and their
Specifications.
Types of wires & cables, standard wire
gauge(SWG).
Classification of cables according to
gauge(core size), number of
conductors, material, insulation
strength, flexibility etc.
Battery /Cells: construction, types of
primary and secondary cells, materials
used,
Specification of cells and
batteries. Charging process, efficiency,
life of cell/battery. Selection of cells /
Batteries etc. Use of Hydrometer.
Types of electrolytes used in cells and
batteries. Series / parallel connection of
batteries
and
purpose
of such
connections.
Ohm’s law and its variables. Resistordefinition, types of resistors, their
construction & specific use, colorcoding,
power
rating.
Equivalent
Resistance of series parallel circuits.
Distribution of V & I in series parallel
circuits. KVL& KCL with applications.
Principles
of
induction,
inductive
reactance,
Types
of
inductors,
construction,
specifications
and
applications (energy storage concept).
Self and Mutual induction. Behavior of
inductor at low and high frequencies.
series and parallel combination, Q
factor.
Capacitance and Capacitive Reactance,
Impedance.
Types
of capacitors,
construction,
specifications
and
applications.
Dielectric
constant.
Significance
of
Series
parallel
connection of capacitors. Capacitor
behavior with AC and DC. Concept of
Time constant of a RC circuit. Concept
of Resonance and its application in RC,
RL& RLC series and parallel Types
6
7
for its working
 Construct and test RC time constant
circuit
 Construct a RC differentiator circuit and
convert triangular wave into square wave
 Construct and test series and parallel
resonance circuit
Transformers
 Identify
different
types of mains
transformers and test.
 Identify the primary and secondary
transformer windings and test the
polarity.
 Identify different sizes, shapes of cores
used in low capacity transformers.
 Measure the primary and secondary
voltage of different transformers
 Construct a low voltage night lamp
 Identify and test the variac
AC & DC measurements
 Identify the meter for measuring AC &
DC parameters
 Use the multi meter to measure the
various functions ( AC V, DC V, DC I,
AC I, R)
 Replace the fuse, battery for the given
multimeter
 Identify the different controls on the
CRO front panel and observe the
function of each controls
 Measure DC voltage, AC voltage ,time
period using CRO
 Identify the different controls on the
and circuit Properties of magnets and
their materials, preparation of artificial
magnets,
significance
of electro
magnetism, types of cores.
Electromagnetic
Relays,
types,
construction,
specificationscoil
voltage and contact current capacity.
Working principle of a Transformer,
Transformer construction, Types of
cores used. Specifications of a
transformer, Step-up, Step down and
isolation
transformers
with
applications. Different type of losses in
Transformers, Phase angle, phase
relations, active and reactive power,
power factor and its importance in the
industry.
Introduction to electrical measuring
instruments,
Importance of meter,
classification
of
meters,
forces
necessary to work a meter. MC and MI
meter, range extension, need of
calibration, characteristics of meters
and errors in meters. Multi meter, use
of meters in different circuits. Care and
maintenance of meters. Use of CRO,
Function generator, LCR meter
function generator front panel and
observe the function of each controls
8
 Connect the function generator to CRO
and observe the different wave forms
Soldering & De-soldering and switches
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Identify different types of soldering guns
and practice soldering of different
electronic active and passive components
and IC bases on lug boards and PCBs
Join the broken PCB track and test
Practice de-soldering using pump and
wick
Prepare component for soldering.
Demonstrate soldering and de-soldering
using soldering and de-soldering stations
Identify and use SPST, SPDT, DPST,
DPDT, tumbler, push button, toggle,
piano switches used in electronic
industries
Make a panel board using different types
of switches for a given application
3
Different types of soldering guns,
related to Temperature and wattages,
types of tips.
Solder materials and their grading. Use
of flux and other materials. Selection of
a soldering gun for specific
requirement.
Soldering and De-soldering stations
and their specifications.
Different
switches
and
their
specification, uses.
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10
11
Rectifiers
 Identify diodes, diode bridges
 Record the specifications of different
diodes using data book/ web site
 Identify different packaging styles of
diodes and heat sinks types
 Test the given diode using multi meter
 Construct and test Diode as a half wave,
full wave and Bridge rectifier.
 Construct a rectifier with capacitor filter
circuit and measure the output voltage
 Use CRO to observe the ripple from
rectifiers for different load and filter
capacitors
 Identify and Test Zener diode.
 Construct and test Zener based voltage
regulator circuit.
IC Regulators
 Identify the different types of fixed +ve
and –ve regulator ICs and the different
current ratings (78/79 series)
 Identify the pins
 Construct a fixed voltage regulator as a
variable one by floating the reference
 Identify the different heat sinks for IC
based regulators
 Observe the output voltage of different
IC regulators by varying the input
voltage
 Construct a dual power supply by using
the fixed IC regulators with current
limiting and short circuit protection
features
Computer Hardware, OS, MS office
Networking
• Identification of various indicators,
Connectors, ports on the computer
cabinet
• Identify drives and their capacity.
• Identify various connectors and cables
inside the cabinet & Identify connections
to rear side and front panel of the cabinet
• Identify various parts of the system unit
and motherboard
• Disable
certain
functionality
by
disconnecting the concerned cables ( like
USB, SERIAL, Flat)
• Replace the CMOS battery
• Replace/Extend a memory module
• Test and Replace the SMPS
• Replace the given HDD on the system
• Replace the given DVD on the system
• Configuring and troubleshooting display
4
Semiconductor component number
coding for different electronic
components such as Diodes, Zeners.
PN Junction, Forward and Reverse
biasing of diodes, Interpretation of
diode specifications Forward current
and Reverse voltage, packing styles of
diodes. Diode Bridge Modules.
Rectifier configurations, their
efficiencies, Filter components and
their role in reducing ripple. Working
principles of Zener diode /
specifications / applications, Varactor
diode /Tunnel diode/ specifications
with applications.
Regulated Power supply using 78XX
series,
79XX series, Op-amp regulator, 723
regulator , (Transistorized & IC based)
voltage regulation, error correction and
amplification etc.
Basic blocks of a computer, Hardware
and software, I/O devices, keyboard,
types of mouse and their working,
Different types of printers,
their
function and inter-connection and their
advantages HDD,
CDD, DVD.
Various ports in the computer.
POST Booting concept.
Windows O.S.
MS widows: Starting windows and its
operation, file management using
explorer, Display & sound properties,
screen savers, font management,
installation of program, setting and
using of control panel., application of
accessories, various IT tools and
applications, Components of desk top
Concept of word processing,: MS word
– Menu bar, standard tool bar, saving,
problems
• Boot the system from different options
• Practice various features of OS
• Perform maintenance of the computer
using standard tools provided in the OS
• Install a Printer driver software and test
for print outs
• Install antivirus software and scan the
system and Explore the configuration
options in the antivirus software
• Install MS office software
• Use start menu, check available programs
in computer, use search, settings, run and
options. Creation of short cuts
• Changing screen savers
• Create folder and files, Drawing pictures
using paint, using menus of paint
• Explore
different
Menu/Tool/
Format/status bars of MS word and
practice the options: Editing the text,
saving the text, changing the font and
size of text.
• Creation of broachers and taking the
printouts
• Practice the Mail merge and Hyperlink
options
• Prepare a power point presentation on
any three known topics with various
design features
• Prepare a power point presentation with
different animation and visual effects.
• Invoke excel sheet from MS WORD and
vice versa
• Convert the given PDF File into WORD
File using suitable software. (use free
downloadable software )
• Use of search engines, Creation of email
accounts, sending and receiving the mails
configuration of email clients.
 Identify
the
cables
and
network
components.
 Making UTP cross cables and testing,
Making straight cables and testing,
Making cable layout drawing
5
copying, deleting & retrieving files,
page
setting,
editing,
formatting,
advance features i.e. highlighting, cut
& paste, subscript & superscript
drawing
features,
mail
merging,
Hyperlink, tables and borders, printing
of document etc.
Excel – Worksheet basics, data entry
and
formulae.
Moving data in
worksheet using tool bars and menu
bars,
Formatting and calculations,
printing worksheet, creating multiple
work sheets, creating charts, changing
chart types, Adding titles, legends and
gridlines, colouring charts, printing
charts, placing charts in a word file.
Introduction to power point Basics of
preparing slides, different design
aspects of slides, animation with slides
etc
Concept
of
Internet,
Browsers,
Websites,
search
engines,
email,
chatting
and
messenger
service.
Downloading the Data and program
files etc.
Computer Networking:Network features-Network topologies,
protocols- TCP/IP, UDP, FTP, models,
types, network components,
network
medias,
Specification and standards, types of
cables, UTP, STP, Coaxial cables.
Network components like hub, Ethernet
switch, router, NIC Cards, connectors,
media and firewall. Difference between
PC & Server.
Operating system -OS, NOS-features,
types etc.
Identify physical topology of a network
and members of the network, Internet
search engines and applications.
SYLLABUS FOR WORKSHOP SCIENCE AND CALCULATION
Workshop calculation & Sc.
FPS,CGS,SI Units dimensions and conversions
Fundamentals and derived units, Supplementary units
Basic algebra - algebraic formula. Simultaneous equation– quadratic
equations.
Simultaneous linear equation in two variables.
Factorization.
Ohms law: Current, voltage, resistance and related problems, multiple and
submultiples units, electric power, power dissipation in resistance, power formulas.
Calculation of Equivalent resistance of series and parallel circuits
Calculation of voltage and current in series and parallel resistive circuits
Calculations related to transformers, turns ratio, voltage ratio, current
ration & efficiency,
Calculations related extension of
Direct-current meters: Moving coil meter Loading effect of voltmeters related problems
Heat a n d t e m p e r a t u r e , i t s u n i t s and specific heat of solids, liquids
and gases
Half wave, full wave and bridge rectifier dc output, ripple factor, efficiency
calculations
Calculation on Zener regulator circuits.
Time constant calculation of RC circuit.
Voltage, current, phase angle and Impedance calculation of RC, RL Circuits
Voltage, current, phase angle and Impedance calculation of RLC Circuits
Calculation of resonant frequency of series and parallel circuits
6
SYLLABUS FOR ENGINEERING DRAWING
Engineering Drawing
Engineering drawing and its importance
Free hand sketches of straight line, square, rectangle, circle, polygon etc.
Free hand sketches of hand tools
Types of lines
Dimensions and its types.
Use of drawing instruments, T square, set square etc. Lettering practice
Types and Scaling of drawings. Electrical symbols
Symbols of electronic components
Schematic diagram of Moving coil meter, Moving Iron meters,
Schematic diagram voltmeter, Ammeter, Ohm meter.
Draw Half wave, full wave and bridge rectifier circuits with and without
filters
Regulated power supplies with capacitors
Orthographic 1st angle projection
7
SYLLABUS FOR TRADE PRACTICAL AND TRADE THEORY
Sl No
1
Trade practical
Transistor
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Identify PNP and NPN Transistors
Record the different specification of
transistors using data book/web site
Identify different transistors with respect
to different packaging styles, power,
switching transistor, heat sinks
Measure E-B, C-B & C-E terminal
resistances and infer.
Construct and test a transistor based
switching circuit to control a relay (use
Relays of different coil voltages and
Transistors of different β )
Construct a Transistorized amplifier vary
the gain by changing the circuit
components
Amplifier
Construct and test voltage divider bias
Construct and Test a common emitter
amplifier with and without
bypass
capacitors
Construct and Test common base
amplifier
Construct and Test common
collector/emitter follower amplifier
Construct and Test Darlington amplifier
Construct and test a two stage RC
Coupled amplifier
Construct
and test a Class B
complementary push pull amplifier
Construct and test class C Tuned
amplifier
8
Trade theory
Construction, Working of a PNP and
NPN Transistors. Purpose of E, B &
C Terminals. Flow of currents into
and out of terminals of PNP/ NPN
Transistors and their relations.
Significance of β of a Transistor
Need for Biasing of Transistor
junctions, Interpretation of main
parameters of a Transistor.VBE,
VCB,VCE, IC, IB, Junction
Temperature, junction capacitance,
Frequency of operation, Discuss a
Transistor application as a switch.
Discuss a Transistor application as an
amplifier. Define input impedance
and output impedances
Transistor power ratings & packaging
styles, use of different heat sinks.
Transistor
(CB, CE & CC)
configurations
and
their
characteristics and applications
Transistor
biasing
circuits
and
stabilization Techniques.
Classification of amplifiers according
to frequency, mode of operation,
methods
of coupling,
Voltage
amplifiers- voltage gain, loading
effect. Configuration of common
emitter, common base, common
collector transistor, their definition
characteristics
and
applications.
Single stage CE amplifier, (CC
amplifier) emitter follower circuit and
its advantages RC coupled amplifier,
Distinguish between voltage
and
power amplifier, Push pull amplifier
and class C tuned amplifier Alpha,
beta, voltage gain, Concept of dB
dBm. Feedback and its types.
3
 Demonstrate Colpitts oscillator, Hartley
oscillator circuits
 Construct and test a RC phase shift
oscillator circuits
 Construct and test a crystal oscillator
circuits
 Demonstrate
Astable,
monostable,
bistable circuits using transistors.
4
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5
Power
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6
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Wave shaping circuits
Construct and test shunt clipper
Construct and test series and dual clipper
circuit using diodes
Construct and test clamper circuit using
diodes
Construct and test Schmitt trigger circuit
using transistors
Electronic Components
Identify FET transistors and record main
parameters from the Data book
Test the given FET using multi meter
Construct and test a FET Amplifier
Identify SCRs of different ratings and the
packages
Test different SCRs using a Multi meter
and component tester
Construct a test circuit to test SCRs
Construct a test circuit of SCR using UJT
triggering
Identify different heat sinks used with
SCRs.
Construct a snubber circuit for protecting
SCR use freewheeling diode to reduce
back emf.
Construct and test solid state relay.
Construct a jig circuit to test DIAC
Identify and test a TRIAC using multi
meter
Construct a simple dimmer circuit using
TRIAC
Identify and Test a UJT using multi meter
Construct UJT based free running
oscillator and change its frequency.
MOSFET & IGBT:
Identify MOSFET by its number
Identify different heat sinks used with
various power MOSFET devices.
Construct MOSFET test circuit with a
small load
Identify IGBT by its number
9
Introduction to positive feedback and
requisites of an oscillator, Study of
Colpitts, Hartley, Crystal and RC
oscillators.
Types of multi vibrators and study of
circuit diagrams
Diode shunt clipper circuits and
Clamping /limiting circuits and their
applications.
Schmitt trigger circuits
Construction of FET, differentiate it
with BJT. Purpose of Gate, Drain and
source terminals and voltage / current
relations between them,
Impedances
between
various
terminals.
Interpret
the
main
parameters of the FET. Suitability of
FET amplifiers in measuring device
applications. Working of power
electronic components such as SCR,
TRIAC, DIAC and UJT.
Working
of
MOSFET,
Power
MOSFET and IGBT - their types,
characteristics,
switching
speed,
power
ratings
and
protection.
Differentiate FET with MOSFET,
differentiate a Transistor with IGBT.
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7
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8
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9
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10
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Construct IGBT test circuit with a small
load
Opto Electronics:
Identify different types of LEDs
Test LEDs using DC supply and measure
voltage drop and current using multimeter
Identify and test LDR, Identify photo
voltaic cell
Construct a circuit to test a photo voltaic
cell
Construct a circuit to switch a lamp load
using photo diode
Construct a circuit to switch a lamp load
using photo transistor.
Identify Opto coupler input and output
terminals and measure the quantum of
isolation between i/o terminals (Opto
Transistor, TRIAC and SCR) and operate
a Relay by connecting a switch
Basic SMD (2,3,4 terminal
components):
Identification of 2,3,4 terminal SMD
components
De-solder the SMD components from the
given PCB
Solder the SMD components in the same
PCB
Check for cold continuity of PCB
Identification of loose /dry solder, broken
tracks on printed wired assemblies
Basic Gates:
Identify different Logic Gates (AND, OR,
NAND, NOR, X-OR, X-NOR, NOT ICs)
by the number printed on them and draw
I/O pin-out numbers.
Verify the truth tables of all Logic Gate
ICs by connecting switches and LEDs.
Construct and verify the truth table of all
the gates using NAND and NOR gates
Use digital IC tester to test the various
digital ICs (TTL and CMOS)
Combinational Circuits:
Construct Half Adder circuit and verify
the truth table.
Construct Full adder and verify the truth
table.
Construct the Adder cum Subtractor and
verify the result
10
Working and application of LED, IR
LEDs, Photo diode ,photo transistor,
its characteristics and application,
optical sensor, opto-couplers, circuits
with opto isolators, characteristics of
LASER diodes
Introduction to SMD technology
Identification of 2,3,4 terminal SMD
components, advantages of SMD
components over conventional lead
components
Introduction to solder paste and
machine.
Soldering of SM assemblies - Reflow
soldering
Tips for selection of hardware,
Inspection of SM.
Introduction to Digital Electronics.
Difference between analog and
digital signals, Logic families and
their comparison, Logic levels of
TTL and CMOS. Number systems
(Decimal,
binary,
octal,
Hexadecimal) BCD code, ASCII
code and code conversions.
Logic Gates and their truth tables,
propagation delay, power dissipation
and noise immunity
Combinational logic circuits such as
Half Adder, Full adder, Parallel
Binary adders, 2-bit and four bit full
adders. Magnitude comparators. Half
adder, full adder ICs and their
applications for implementing
arithmetic operations
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11
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12
13
Construct and
Construct and
Construct and
Construct and
Multiplexer
Test
Test
Test
Test
a 2 to 4 Decoder
a 4 to 2 Encoder
a 4 to 1 Multiplexer
a 1 to 4 De
Flip Flops:
Identify different Flip-Flop (ICs) by the
number printed on them
Construct and test four bit latch using
7475 .
Verify the truth tables of Flip-Flop ICs
(RS, D, T, JK, MSJK) by connecting
switches and LEDs
Electronic circuit simulation software
 Prepare simple digital and electronic
circuits using the software
 Simulate and test the prepared digital and
analog circuits
 Convert the prepared circuit into a layout
diagram.
 Explore various troubleshooting and fault
finding resources
provided in the
simulation software.
Counter & shift Registers:
 Construct and test a four bit asynchronous
binary counter using 7493.
 Construct and test 7493 as a modulus-12
counter.
 Construct and test a four bit Synchronous
binary counter using 74163.
 Construct and test synchronous Decade
counter.
 Construct and test an up/down
synchronous decade counter using 74190
and monitor the output on LEDs.
 Identify and test common anode and
common cathode seven segment LED
display using multi meter
 Display the two digit count value on seven
segment display using decoder/driver ICs.
 Construct a shift register using RS/D/JK
flip flop and verify the result
 Construct and test four bit SIPO register
 Construct and test four bit PIPO register
 Construct and test bidirectional shift
registers
11
Basic Binary Decoder and four bit
binary decoders.. Concept of encoder
and decoder, Need for multiplexing
of data. 1:4 line Multiplexer /Demultiplexer.
Introduction to Flip-Flop. S-R Latch,
Gated S-R Latch, D- Latch. FlipFlop: Basic RS Flip Flop,
edge
triggered D Flip Flop, JK Flip Flop, T
Flip Flop, Master-Slave flip flops and
Timing diagrams, Basic flip flop
applications like data storage , data
transfer and frequency division.
Study
the
library
components
available in the circuit simulation
software. Various resources of the
software.
Basics of Counters, types of counters,
two bit and three bit Asynchronous
binary counters and decade counters
with the timing diagrams.
3-bit Synchronous counters and
synchronous decade counters.
Types of seven segment display,
BCD display, BCD to decimal
decoder. BCD to 7 segment display
circuits,
Basics of Register, types and
application of Registers.
14
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Op – Amp & Timer 555 Applications:
Use analog IC tester to test the various
analog ICs
Construction and testing of various OpAmp circuits Inverting, Non-inverting and
Summing Amplifiers
Construct and test Differentiator and
Integrator
Construct and test a zero crossing detector
Construct and test Instrumentation
amplifier
Construct and test a Binary weighted and
R-2R Ladder type Digital-to-Analog
Converters.
Construct and test Astable timer circuit
using IC 555
Construct and test mono stable timer
circuit using IC 555
Construct and test VCO (V to F
Converter) using IC 555
Construct and test 555 timers as pulse
width modulator.
12
Block diagram and Working of OpAmp, importance, Ideal
characteristics, advantages and
applications.
Schematic diagram of 741, symbol,
Non inverting voltage amplifier,
inverting voltage amplifier, summing
amplifier, Comparator, zero cross
detector, differentiator, integrator and
instrumentation amplifier, other
popular Op-Amps.
Block diagram of 555, functional
description w.r.t. different
configurations of 555 such as mono
stable, Astable and VCO operations
for various application
SYLLABUS FOR WORKSHOP SCIENCE AND CALCULATION
Workshop calculation & Sc.
Calculation of transistor currents and amplification factor(gain)
Gain dB calculation of voltage, current and power
Arithmetic and geometric progression, sum of n-terms, simple
calculations
Mensuration – Find the area of regular objects like triangle, rectangle, square and circle.
Mensuration: volumes of cube, cuboid, sphere cylinder.
Calculation of frequency of LC and RC oscillator and multivibrator
circuits
Calculation of LED, IRLED and photo diode currents
Trigonometry ratios, identities
Problems on conversion of Decimal numbers to binary, octal, and
Hexadecimal
Bit, byte, nibble, KB, MB ,GB
Addition and subtraction of Binary, Octal and Hexadecimal Numbers
Calculation of frequency division in flip-flops/counters
Inverting and non inverting amplifier gain calculations
Time period and frequency calculation of Astable,
IC555
13
monostable multivibrators using
SYLLABUS FOR ENGINEERING DRAWING
Engineering Drawing
Single stage amplifiers, Multistage amplifiers
Class ‘A’, Class ‘B’, Push pull, Complimentary symmetry circuits
Crystal and RC Oscillators circuits, Multivibrators
Symbols for different wave shapes, Square, saw tooth, sine, triangular, Pulse.
clipper and clamper circuits
UJT, FET, MOSFET, DIAC, TRIC, SCR, IGBT symbols and circuits of FET
Amplifier, SCR using UJT triggering, snubber circuit, light dimmer circuit using
TRIAC, UJT based free running oscillator
Orthographic 3rd angle projection of very simple objects
LED, IRLED, photo diode, photo transistor, opto coupler symbols
symbols of Logic gates
Half adder, full adder, multiplexer and de-multiplexer
Logic diagram and symbols of Flip flops
Logic diagram of 3- bit asynchronous, synchronous and decade counters
Op-Amp block diagram
Inverting and non-inverting configuration, pin diagram of 555,741
Functional block diagram of Ic555 and Astable, Monostable circuits using IC555
14
SYLLABUS FOR TRADE PRACTICAL AND TRADE THEORY
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No
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2
3
Trade practical
Trade theory
Digital Storage Oscilloscope:
 Identify the different front panel
control of a DSO.
 Measure the Amplitude, Frequency
and time period of typical electronic
signals using DSO
 Store a portion of signal waveform
using DSO.
 Take a print of a signal from DSO by
connecting it to a printer
 Construct and test function generator
using IC 8038
SMD Soldering and De-soldering:
 Identify various connections and the
setup required for SMD Soldering
station
 Identification of crimping tools for
various IC packages.
 Make the necessary settings on SMD
soldering station to de-solder various
ICs of different packages (at least
four) by choosing proper clamping
tools.
 Make the necessary settings on SMD
soldering station to solder various ICs
of different packages (at least four)
by choosing proper clamping tools.
PCB Rework:
 Prevention of Static charges,
Handling of static sensitive devices
 Familiarizations of various crimping
tools, wire wrapping, Conductive
adhesives, Chip on Board, Tape
Automated bonding.
 Construction of Printed Circuit
Boards (single, Double, multi- layer),
Important tests for PCBs
 Identify different types of soldering
guns and practice soldering of
different electronic active and passive
components and IC bases on lug
boards and PCBs
15
Block diagram of DSO/CRO
and applications of DSO/CRO
application of digital CRO,
block diagram of function
generator. Differentiate a CRO
with DSO. Advantages of
DSO. Major features of DSO.
Soldering / de-soldering of
above components
Identification
of
Programmable Gate Array
(PGA) packages
Soldering / De-soldering of
above PGA components
Cold/Continuity
check
of
PCBs
Identification of lose /dry
solders, broken tracks on
printed wiring assemblies
ESD Control in Electronics
Introduction to Static charges,
Prevention of Static charges,
Handling of static sensitive
devices, Various standards for
ESD
Introduction to non soldering
interconnections
Introduction to crimping, wire
wrapping,
Conductive
adhesives, Chip on Board,
Tape Automated bonding.
Introduction to components,
Printed Circuit Boards
Introduction to components,
Construction of Printed Circuit
 Join the broken PCB track and test
 Practice the de-soldering using pump
and wick
 Prepare component for soldering
 Demonstrate soldering and de
soldering using soldering and desoldering stations
 Familiarizations of soldering
technology, use of materials like
solder, flux and cleaning solvents,
Usage of correct tools, Component
mounting, Solderability testing,
 Practical’s on soldering Inspection
of solder joints, Defects of soldered
joints
 Familiarizations to rework and repair
concepts
 Practical on Types of conformal
coating and its removal methods
 Practical on Rework of through hole
and surface mount soldered joints
 Practical on Repair of damaged track
 Practical on Repair of damaged pad
 Practical on Repair of Plated through
hole
 Practical on Repair of solder mask
16
Boards(single, Double, multilayer), Important tests for
PCBs
Soldering guns
Different types of soldering
guns, related to Temperature
and wattages, types of tips.
Solder materials and their
grading.
Selection
of a
soldering gun for specific
requirement.
Soldering
and
De-soldering
stations
and
their
specifications.
Reliable Soldering Practices
(Manual)
Fundamentals
of
soldering
technology, Materials selection
like solder, flux and cleaning
solvents, Usage of correct
tools, Component mounting,
Solderability testing, Process
for soldering Inspection of
solder
joints,
Defects
of
soldered joints
Introduction
toSurface
Mount Technology (SMT)
Introduction to surface mount
technology
–
advantages
Surface Mount components
and packages, Introduction to
solder paste (flux), Soldering
of SM assemblies - Reflow
soldering
Tips for selection of hardware,
Inspection of SM.
Rework
and Repair of
Printed
Circuit
board
assemblies
Introduction to rework and
repair concepts
Types of conformal coating
and its removal methods
Rework of through hole and
surface mount soldered joints
Repair of damaged track
Repair of damaged pad
Repair of Plated through hole
Repair of solder mask
4
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5
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6
7
Protection devices:
Identify different types of fuses along
with fuse holders.
Wire an MCB to a motor and run it
Test and rectify defects associated
with MCBs.
Connect an ELCB and test the
leakage of an electrical motor control
circuit.
Electrical control circuits:
Measure the coil winding resistance
of the given motor
Prepare the setup and Control an
induction motor using a DOL Starter
Construct a direction control circuit
to change direction of an induction
motor
Connect an overload relay and test
for its proper functioning.
Electronic Cables & Connectors
• Identify various types of cables used
for
various
applications
viz.
insulation, gauge, current capacity,
flexibility etc. used in various
electronics products.
• Identify
suitable
connectors,
solder/crimp /terminate & test the
cable sets.
• Read & follow markings on the
connectors for testing the continuity
of the prepared cable sets
The set of cables prepared should
cover applications like computer,
audio, video products, RF, DATA
Transmission, IDE etc
Communication electronics:
• Modulate and Demodulate various
signals using AM and FM on the
trainer kit and observe waveforms
• Construct and test IC based AM
17
Fuse ratings, types of Fuses,
Fuse bases, single/three phase
MCBs, single phase ELCBs.
Types of Contactors, contactor
coils and working voltages,
contactor contact currents,
protection to contactors and
high current applications.
Fundamentals of single phase
Induction motors, synchronous
speed, slip, rotor frequency,
torque – speed characteristics,
Starters used for Induction
motors.
Cable
signal
diagram
conventions
Classification
of
electronic
cables as per the application
w.r.t. insulation, gauge, current
capacity,
flexibility
etc.
different types of connector &
their terminations to the cables.
Male / Female type DB
connectors, Ethernet 10 Base
cross over cables and pin out
assignments, UTP and STP,
SCTP Cables
Cable trays.
Different types of connectors
Servo 0.1” connectors, FTP,
RCA,BNC,HDMI
Audio/video connectors like
XLR,RCA(phono),6.3mm
PHONO,3.5/2.5mm PHONO,
BANTAM,SPEAKON, DIN,
mini DIN, RF connectors,
USB, Firewire, SATA
Connectors, VGA,DVI
connectors, MIDI etc
Radio Wave Propagation –
Principle, Fading,
Need for Modulation, types of
modulation.
Demodulation
•
•
•
•
8
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Receiver
Construct and test IC based FM
transmitter
Construct and test IC based FM
Receiver
Dismantle the given FM receiver set
and identify different stages
( AM section, audio amplifier section
etc)
Modulate and Demodulate a signal
using PAM,PPM,PWM Techniques
Microcontroller (8051)
Identify various ICs & their functions
on the given Microcontroller Kit
Identify the address range of RAM &
ROM.
Write data into RAM & observe its
volatility
Measure
the crystal frequency,
connect it to the controller.
Identify the port pins of the controller
& configure the ports for Input &
Output operation
Connect an input switch & control a
lamp using necessary program
Demonstrate the initialization, load &
turn on a LED with delay using
Timer.
Demonstrate the use of a Timer as an
Event counter to count external
events.
Demonstrate
entering
of simple
programs, execute & monitor the
results
18
techniques.
Fundamentals of Antenna,
various parameters, types of
Antennas & application.
Introduction to AM, FM &
PM, SSB-SC
& DSB-SC, block diagram of
AM and FM transmitter.
FM Generation & Detection
Radio Receivers: Types, Super
heterodyne receiver Blocks,
Principle,
characteristics,
advantages and disadvantages,
Block
diagram
of FM
Receives, RF, IF & AF
Amplifier Sections, AM/FM
RF Alignment.
Digital
modulation
and
demodulation
techniques,
sampling,
quantization
&
encoding.
Concept of multiplexing and
de multiplexing
of AM/FM/PAM/ PPM /PWM
signals.
A simple block diagram
approach to be adopted for
explaining
the
above
mod/demo. techniques.
Introduction
to
8051
Microcontroller,
architecture,
pin details & the bus system.
Function of different ICs used
in the Microcontroller Kit.
Differentiate
microcontroller
with
microprocessor.
Interfacing of memory to the
microcontroller.
Internal
hardware
resources
of
microcontroller. I/O port pin
configuration.
Different
variants of 8051 & their
resources. Register banks &
their functioning. SFRs & their
configuration
for
different
applications. Utilization of on
chip resources such as ADC.
Availability
of
assembly
software & complier for 8051.
Application of microcontroller
in domestic, consumer &
industries.
Comparative study of 8051
with 8052. Introduction to PIC
Architecture.
9
10
Sensors ,Transducers and Applications
 Identify sensors used in process
industries
such
as
RTDs,
Temperature ICs, Thermocouples,
proximity
switches
(inductive,
capacitive and photo electric),
load cells, strain gauge. LVDT
by their appearance
 Measure temperature of a lit fire
using a Thermocouple and record
the readings referring to data
chart.
 Measure temperature of a lit fire
using RTD and record the
readings referring to data chart.
 Measure the strain of a given
material using strain gauge
 Measure the DC voltage of a
LVDT
 Detect different objectives using
capacitive, inductive and
photoelectric proximity sensors
Basics of passive and active
transducers.
Role,
selection
and
characteristics.
Working principles of RTD,
PT-100 Thermocouple, Sensor
voltage and current formats.
Thermistors – salient features
–operating range, composition,
advantages and disadvantages.
Thermocouples – basic
principle – commonly used
combinations, operating range,
advantages and disadvantages.
Strain gauges – principle,
gauge factor, types of strain
gauges.
Load cell –definition, uses,
working of strain gauge load
cell
Principle of operation of
capacitive transducers,advantages and disadvantages
Principle of operation of
inductive transducers,advantages and disadvantages
Principle of operation of
LVDT-its advantages and
disadvantages
Proximity sensors –
applications, working
principles of eddy current ,
capacitive and inductive
proximity sensors
Analog IC Applications
Make simple projects/Applications
ICs 741, 723, 555, 7106, 7107
Sample projects:
 Laptop protector
 Mobile cell phone charger
 Battery monitor
 Metal detector
 Mains detector
 Lead acid battery charger
 Smoke detector
 Solar charger
using
19
Discussion on the identified
projects with respect to data of
the concerned ICs, components
used in the project
11
 Emergency light
 Water level controller
 Door watcher
(Instructor will pick up any five of the
projects for implementation)
Digital IC Applications
Make simple projects/Applications using
various digital ICs ( digital display, event
counter, stepper motor driver etc)
 Duty cycle selector
 Frequency Multiplier
 Digital Mains Resumption Alarm
 Digital Lucky Random number
generator
 Dancing LEDs
 Count down timer
 Clap switch
 Stepper motor control
 Digital clock
 Event counter
 Remote jammer
(Instructor will pick up any five of the
projects for implementation)
20
Discussion on the identified
projects with respect to data of
the concerned ICs, components
used in the project
SYLLABUS FOR WORKSHOP SCIENCE AND CALCULATION
Workshop calculation & Sc.
Magnitude and frequency calculations on waveforms of CRO
Work, power and energy- definition, units, and simple problems
Problems on Boolean algebra.
Ac motor speed, frequency calculations
Electrical HP, KVA, wattage conversions
Frequency , wavelength relations
Modulation index, carrier and sideband power, bandwidth relations in AM circuits
Memory address calculation
Stress and strain, modulus of elasticity.
Force. Speed, Velocity and Acceleration.
Calculation of the cost of the project.
21
SYLLABUS FOR ENGINEERING DRAWING
Engineering Drawing
Block diagram of CRO, Lissajous figures
SMD IC Packages.
741 & 555 pin diagrams.
Summing amplifier, zero cross detector.
Differentiator, integrator and instrumentation amplifier.
Symbols of MCB, ELCB, MOV, Relays, contactors.
Free hand sketches various audio, video and RF Connectors as mentioned in the
theory.
Block diagram of AM & FM transmitter and receiver. AM and FM modulated
waveforms
Block diagram and Pin diagram of 8051
Symbols of Thermistor, thermo couple, strain gauges, LVDT, proximity sensors.
Cross sectional view of LVDT
Practice on project related drawing (not for examination purpose)
Practice on project related drawing (not for examination purpose)
22
SYLLABUS FOR TRADE PRACTICAL AND TRADE THEORY
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No
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2
Trade practical
Trade theory
Fiber optic communication:
• Identify the resources and their need on
the given fiber optic trainer kit
• Make optical fiber setup to transmit
and receive analog and digital data
• Demonstrate
FM modulation and
demodulation using OFC trainer kit
using audio signal and voice link
• Demonstrate PWM modulation and
demodulation using OFC trainer kit
using audio signal and voice link
• Demonstrate PPM modulation and
demodulation using OFC trainer kit
using audio signal and voice link
Digital panel Meter:
• Identify LED Display module and its
decoder/driver ICs
• Display a word on a two line LED
• Measure/current flowing through a
resistor and display it on LED Module
• Measure/current flowing through a
sensor and display it on a LED
module(DPM)
• Identify LCD Display module and its
decoder/driver ICs
• Display a word on a two line LCD
• Measure/current flowing through a
resistor and display it. Measure/current
flowing through a sensor and display it
on a LCD module(DPM)
23
Introduction to optical fiber as a
transmission media, its advantages
over other media, properties of optic
fiber, testing, losses , types of fiber
optic cables and specifications.
Encoding of light.
Fiber optic joints, splicing, testing and
the
related
equipments/measuring
tools, precautions to be taken laying
of cables, safety aspects while
handling optical cables.
Different types of seven segment
displays, decoders and driver IC s for
them. Concept of multiplexing and its
advantages.
Block diagrams of 7106 and 7107 and
their
configuration
for
different
measurements.
Use of DPM (Digital Panel Meter)
with seven segment displays to
display different voltage & current
signals.
Principles of working of LCD.
Different
sizes
of
LCDs.
Decoder/Driver ICs used with LCDs
and their pin-out diagrams.
Scrolling displays and its design.
Use of DPM ( Digital Panel Meter)
with LCD to display different voltage
& current signals
3
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•
•
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•
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•
•
4
•
•
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SMPS:
Dismantle the given stabilizer and find
major sections/ ICs components.
Measure voltages at vital test points.
Identify various input and output
sockets / connectors of the given
SMPS.
Apply input and measure outputs using
a multi meter.
Test capacity of the given SMPS.
Identify
major
sections/
ICs/components of SMPS.
Measure / Monitor major test points of
computer SMPS.
Identify
and
replace the faulty
components.
Use SMPS used in TVs and PCs for
Practice
Construct and test IC Based DC-DC
converter for different voltages
Construct and
test a switching step
down regulator using LM2576
Construct and test a switching step up
regulator using MC 34063
UPS
Make individual connections between
batteries of battery stack and test for
healthiness of batteries on stack.
Connect battery stack to the UPS.
Identify front panel control &
indicators of UPS
Identify & practice on the use of back
panel sockets & connections.
Connect Battery & load to UPS & test
on battery mode
Measure battery current UPS is
working on Battery Mode & measure
load current
Open Top cover of UPS & identify
isolator transformer & UPS transformer
& additional circuit other than inverter
Identify various circuit boards in UPS
and monitor voltages at various test
points
24
Concept and block diagram of
manual, automatic and servo voltage
stabilizer, o/p voltage adjustment,
voltage cutoff systems, study of
different types of relays used in
stabilizer. Block Diagram of Switch
mode power supplies and their
working principles
Various types of chopper circuits
step-up, step down, inverting types.
Introduction to DC-DC Converters
ICs used for converting DC- DC,
block diagrams and their pin outs.
Applications of DC-DC converters
Concept of UPS,
Difference between Inverters and
UPS. Basic block diagram of UPS &
operating principle,-explanation of
rectifier, battery, inverter, static
transfer switch.
Types of UPS : Off line UPS, On line
UPS, Line interactive UPS & their
comparison
UPS specifications. Load power
factor & types of indications &
protections
UPS circuit description and working controlling circuits, Micro controller
circuits, power circuits, charging
circuits, alarm circuits, Indicator
circuits.
Three phase UPS Circuits.
Installation of single phase & three
phase UPS
Electrical wiring for Single phase and
Three phase systems, Earthing and



earth
resistance
measurement,
calculation of load power and power
factor of a power source.
Protection circuits used in inverters–
battery level, over load, over charging
etc. Various faults and its rectification
Solar Power (Renewable Energy System)
5
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6
Perform load test to measure backup
time.
Test UPS under Fault condition &
rectify fault
Perform all above experiment for three
phase UPS
Install a solar panel to a roof.
Wire a solar panel to a solar controller.
Wire a solar controller to a battery
storage station.
Connect storage batteries to a power
inverter
Wire a power inverter to an electrical
service panel.
Connect and test solar panel to the
Inverter and run the load.
Test circuits for voltages.
Installation of Solar Inverter.
Take the trainees to the nearest solar
power installation and demonstrate
various aspects to cover skills as
specified above.
Cell phones
• Dismantle, identify the parts and
assemble different types of smart
phones
• Dismantle the cell phone/smart phone
replace the display
• Dismantle the cell phone/smart phone
remove the key pad and clean it, test
for the continuity of the matrix/tracks
• Interface the cell phone/smart phone to
the PC and transfer the data
• Enhance the memory capacity of the
cell phone/smart phone
• Connect internet on cell phone and
browse popular web sites
• Flash the various brands of cell
phone/smart phone ( at least 3)
• Upgrade the OS
• Format the cell phone/smart phone for
25
Need for renewable energy sources,
Solar energy as a renewable resource.
Materials used for solar cells.
Principles of conversion of solar light
into
electricity.
Basics
of
photovoltaic’s cell. Types of solar
cells. Mono crystalline and poly
crystalline PV cells.
Define Components like Solar cell,
Module, panel and Arrays. Factors
that influence the output of a PV
module. SPV systems and the key
benefits. Difference between SPV and
conventional power. Define solar
charge controller or regulator and its
role.
Safety precautions while working
with solar systems.
Introduction
to
mobile
communication, concept cell site,
hand off, frequency reuse, block
diagram and working of cell phones,
cell phone features, GSM and CDMA
technology. Use IEMI number to
trace lost/misplaced mobile phone.
•
•
•
•
7
8
virus( approach the mobile repair
shop/service centre)
Unlock the handsets through codes and
software
Identify the defective parts and rectify
Clean the water damage sets using
CTC with vibrator tubs
Replace various faulty parts like mic,
speaker, data/charging/audio jack etc.
LED Lights
• Dismantle the LED light, identify the
connections of LEDs stacks, protection
circuits, regulator
• Measure the voltage across LED stacks
• Identify the rectifier, controller part of
LED lights
• Test various subassemblies of the given
LED light system
LCD and LED TV
• Identification and operate different
Controls on LCD, LED TV
• Identify various connectors provided
on a LCD TV and test the healthiness.
• Identification
of components and
different sector of LCD and LED TV.
• Dismantle, Identify the parts of the
remote control
• Trace and rectify the faults of a various
remote controls
• Identify
various
connectors
and
connect the cable operator’s external
decoder (set top box) to the TV.
26
Types of LED panels used in various
lighting applications.
Stacking of LEDs. Driving of LED
stacks.
Difference between a conventional
CTV with LCD & LED TVs,
Principle of LCD and LED TV and
function of its different section. Basic
principle and working of 3D TV.
IPS panels and their features
Different types of interfaces like
HDMI, USB, RGB etc with latest
TVs.
TV Remote Control –Types, parts and
functions, IR Code transmitter and IR
Code Receiver, Working principle,
operation of remote control. Different
adjustments, general faults in Remote
Control.
SYLLABUS FOR WORKSHOP SCIENCE AND CALCULATION
Workshop calculation & Sc.
Bandwidth and modulation index, percentage modulation calculations in FM
Temperature-mV-resistance relations range for various sensors
Density and relative density. Archimedes principle. Laws of flotation.
Series and parallel battery connections and their voltage current relations
Power transmission by shaft, belts & ropes
Antenna Parameter i.e. Antenna impedance, Gain BW, Power Gain, Efficiency.
Current voltage calculation in LED light stacks.
Property of material such as ductility, malleability, Hardness, brittleness, elasticity,
plasticity, toughness
27
SYLLABUS FOR ENGINEERING DRAWING
Engineering Drawing
Block diagram of optical fibre communication system
Pin diagrams of IC 7106 and 7107
Block diagram of SMPS
Circuit diagram step up and step down chopper circuits
Block diagram of UPS
Solar power generation block diagram
Free hand sketches of various equipments like power supply, LCD/LED TV,
CRO function generator, IC tester
Block diagram of base transmitter station. Block diagram of cell phone
receiver system.
Block diagram LED lighting system
Block diagram of LCD and LED TV
Block diagram of Remote
28
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