Epson | ActionDesk 4000 | User's Manual | Epson ActionDesk 4000 User's Manual

IMPORTANT NOTICE
DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY
Epson America makes no representations or warranties, either express or implied, by or
with respect to anything in this manual, and shall not be liable for any implied warranties
of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose or for any indirect, special, or
consequential damages. Some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or
consequential damages, so this exclusion may not apply to you.
COPYRIGHT NOTICE
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical,
photocopying, recording, or otherwise, without the prior written permission of Epson
America, Inc. No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of information
contained herein. Nor is any liability assumed for damages resulting from the use of the
information contained herein. Further, this publication and features described herein are
subject to change without notice.
TRADEMARKS
Epson is a registered trademark of Seiko Epson Corporation,
ActionDesk is a trademark and Epson Connection is a service mark of Epson America, Inc.
General notice: Other product names used herein are for identification purposes only and
may be trademarks of their respective owners. Epson disclaims any and all rights in those
marks.
Copyright © 1993 by Epson America, Inc.
Torrance, California, USA
ii
4002497
8/1/93
Important Safety Instructions
1.
Read all of these instructions and save them for later reference.
2.
Follow all warnings and instructions marked on the computer.
3.
Unplug the computer from the wall outlet before cleaning. Use a
damp cloth for cleaning; do not use liquid or aerosol cleaners.
4.
Do not spill liquid of any kind on the computer.
5.
Do not place the computer on an unstable cart, stand, or table.
6.
Slots and openings in the cabinet and the back or bottom are
provided for ventilation; do not block or cover these openings.
Do not place the computer near or over a radiator or heat
register.
7.
Operate the computer using the type of power source indicated
on its label.
8.
If you plan to operate the computer in Germany, observe the
following safety precaution:
To provide adequate short-circuit protection and over-current
protection for this computer, the building installation must
be protected by a 16 Amp circuit breaker.
Beim Anschluß des Computers an die Netzversorgung muß
sichergestellt werden, daß die Gebäudeinstallation mit einem
16 A Überstromschutzschalter abgesichert ist.
9.
Connect all equipment to properly grounded (earthed) power
outlets. If you are unable to insert the plug into an outlet, contact
your electrician to replace your outlet. Avoid using outlets on
the same circuit as photocopiers or air control systems that
regularly switch on and off.
10. Do not allow the computer’s power cord to become damaged or
frayed.
iii
11. If you use an extension cord with the computer, make sure the
total of the ampere ratings of the devices plugged into the
extension cord does not exceed the ampere rating for the
extension cord. Also, make sure the total of all products plugged
into the wall outlet does not exceed 15 amperes.
12. Do not insert objects of any kind into this product through the
cabinet slots.
13. Except as specifically explained in this User’s Guide, do not
attempt to service the computer yourself. Refer all servicing to
qualified service personnel.
14. Unplug the computer from the wall outlet and refer servicing to
qualified service personnel under the following conditions:
A. When the power cord or plug is damaged.
B. If liquid has entered the computer.
C. If the computer does not operate normally when the operating
instructions are followed. Adjust only those controls that are
covered by the operating instructions. Improper adjustment
of other controls may result in damage and often requires
extensive work by a qualified technician to restore the
computer to normal operation.
D. If the computer has been dropped or the cabinet has been
damaged.
E. If the computer exhibits a distinct change in performance.
iv
Instructions Importantes de Sécurité
1.
Lire complètement les instructions qui suivent et les conserver
pour references futures.
2.
Bien suivre tous les avertissements et les instructions indiqués sur
l’ordinateur.
3.
Debrancher l’ordinateur de toute sortie murale avant le nettoyage.
Utiliser un chiffon humide; ne jamais utiliser un nettoyeur
liquide ou une bonbonne aerosol.
4.
Ne jamais renverser un liquide d’aucune sorte sur l’ordinateur.
5.
Ne pas placer l’ordinateur sur un chariot, un support, ou une table
instable.
6. Les events dans les meubles, à l’arrière et en dessous sont conçus
pour l’aération; on ne doit jamais les bloquer. Ne pas placer
l’ordinateur près d'une source de chaleur directe.
7.
Le fonctionnement de l’ordinateur doit s’effectuer conformément
au type de source d’alimentation indiquée sur l’étiquette.
8.
Lorsqu’on desire utiliser l’ordinateur en Allemagne, on doit
observer les normes sécuritaires qui suivent:
Afin d’assurer une protection adequate à l’ordinateur contre
les court-circuits et le survoltage, l’installation de l’édifice
doit comprendre un disjoncteur de 16 amp.
9.
On doit brancher tout l’équipement dans une sortie reliée à la
masse. Lorsqu’il est impossible d’insérer la fiche dans la prise, on
doit retenir les services d’un électricien ou remplacer la prise. Ne
jamais utiliser une prise sur le même circuit qu’un appareil à
photocopie ou un système de contrôle d’aération avec
commutation marche-arrêt.
10. S’assurer que le cordon d’alimentation de l’ordinateur n’est pas
effrité.
V
11. Dans le cas où on utilise un cordon de rallonge avec l’ordinateur,
on doit s’assurer que la valeur totale d’ampères branches dans le
cordon n’excède en aucun temps les amperes du cordon de
rallonge. La quantité totale des appareils branches dans la prise
murale ne doit jamais excéder 15 amperes.
12. Ne jamais insérer un objet de quelque sorte que ce soit dans les
cavités de cet appareil.
13. Sauf tel que spécifié dans la notice d’utilisation, on ne doit jamais
tenter d’effectuer une réparation de l’ordinateur. On doit référer
le service de cet appareil à un technicien qualifié.
14. Debrancher l’ordinateur de la prise murale et confier le service au
personnel de service qualifié selon les conditions qui suivent:
A. Lorsque le cordon d’alimentation ou la prise sont
endommagés.
B. Lorsqu’un liquide s’est infiltré dans l’ordinateur.
C. Lorsque l’ordinateur refuse de fonctionner normalement
même en suivant les instructions. N’ajuster que les
commandes qui sont énumérées dans les instructions de
fonctionnement. Tout ajustement inadéquat de tout autre
contrôle peut provoquer un dommage et souvent nécessiter
des réparations élaborées par un technicien qualifié afin de
remettre l’appareil en service.
D. Lorsqu’on a échappé l’ordinateur ou que l’on a endommagé
le boîtier.
E. Lorsque l’ordinateur démontre un changement note au niveau
de sa performance.
vi
Contents
Introduction
VGA and IDE Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Optional Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cache Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Video Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Math Coprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drives . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
How to Use This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Conventions Used in This Manual . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Where to Get Help . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 1
3
3
3
3
4
4
4
4
5
6
6
Setting Up Your System
Getting Started . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Choosing a Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Unpacking Your Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Mouse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Monitor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting a Printer or Other Device . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning On the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Turning Off the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-3
1-3
1-3
1-4
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-10
vii
Chapter 2
Running the SETUP Program
Starting the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The System Setup Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Time and Date . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Video Display Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Checking System Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Diskette Drive(s) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Fixed Disk Setup Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining Your Own Drive Type . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Advanced System Setup Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Cache Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Memory Shadow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring Chipset Registers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Boot Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The System Security and Anti-Virus Option . . . . . . . . . . .
The System Summary Option . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exiting the SETUP Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-SETUP Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 3
Using Your Computer
Inserting and Removing Disks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping a Command or Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resetting the Computer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using a Password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Processor Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 4
3-1
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-6
Installing and Removing Options
Removing the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating the Internal Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Jumper Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Setting the Jumpers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing Memory Modules (SIMMs) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inserting SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing SIMMs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
viii
2-2
2-3
2-3
2-4
2-4
2-4
2-5
2-5
2-6
2-6
2-7
2-7
2-8
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
4-2
4-4
4-5
4-6
4-8
4-10
4-11
4-13
4-14
Removing an Option Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Option Card Connector Board . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Option Card Connector Board . . . . . . . . . .
Adding Video Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Video Chips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing External Cache . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Chips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Upgrading the Microprocessor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Replacing the Processor Chip . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing a Heat Sink . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 5
Installing and Removing Drives
Installing a Hard Disk Drive in the Internal Drive Bay . . . . .
Removing the Mounting Frames . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connecting the Hard Disk Drive Cables . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Hard Disk Below the Mounting Bracket . .
Installing the Hard Disk On the Mounting Bracket . . . .
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Internal Drive Bay . . .
Installing a Drivein the Upper External Drive Bay . . . . . . .
Connecting the Drive and Power Cables . . . . . . . . . .
Removing a Drive from the Upper Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . .
Reconnecting the Drive and Power Cables to the Diskette
Drive in the Lower Drive Bay . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Post-installation Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Chapter 6
4-18
4-18
4-20
4-21
4-21
4-23
4-24
4-26
4-27
4-29
4-29
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-8
5-10
5-13
5-13
5-16
5-18
5-18
5-20
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
VGA Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Windows Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SetRES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IDE Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the IDE Drivers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
6-3
6-3
6-4
6-5
6-5
ix
Chapter 7 Troubleshooting
Identifying Your System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Will Not Start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
The Computer Does Not Respond . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Monitor Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diskette Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Password Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Software Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Printer Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Card Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Memory Module Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mouse Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controller Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
External Cache Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
7-3
7-4
7-5
7-5
7-6
7-7
7-8
7-9
7-10
7-10
7-11
7-12
7-12
7-13
7-13
Appendix A Specifications
CPU and Memory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controllers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Physical Characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Option Slot Power Limits (Total) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tested Operating Environments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Options Available from Epson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hard Disk Drive Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Connector Pin Assignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Parallel Port Connector (CN3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Serial Port Connectors (CN4 and CN5) . . . . . . . . . . . .
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors (CN7 and CN6) . . . . .
VGA Port Connector (CN2) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
x
A-1
A-2
A-2
A-4
A-4
A-5
A-5
A-5
A-6
A-8
A-11
A-11
A-12
A-12
A-13
DMA Assignments . . . .
Hardware Interrupts . . .
System Memory Map . . .
System I/O Address Map
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A-13
A-14
A-15
A-16
Glossary
Index
xi
Your new Epson® ActionDesk™ 4000 computer is a fast,
high-performance, all-in-one system offering flexibility and
expandability in a compact design. It provides the following
features:
486SX/25 MHz, 486DX/ 33 MHz, 486DX2 / 50, or
486DX2/66 MHz microprocessor
4MB of internal memory, expandable to 64MB
System and video BIOS shadow RAM
8KB of internal processor cache, with support for 64KB,
128KB, or 256KB of external cache
1MB of on-board video memory, expandable to 2MB
Math coprocessor built into the microprocessor on the DX
and DX2 systems
Local bus video with True Color support, which enables
your monitor to display up to 16.8 million colors
High-speed, 32-bit local bus IDE hard disk drive interface
Built-in VGA port
Two built-in serial ports and one built-in parallel port
One built-in IBM® PS/2™ compatible keyboard port and
one built-in PS/2 compatible mouse port
Three 16-bit, full-length and two S-bit, half-length ISA
option slots
Introduction 1
Support for up to four mass storage devices (two externally
accessible and two internal)
Password security.
Using the built-in interfaces, you can connect most of your
peripheral devices directly to the computer so you do not have
to install option cards. You can use the option slots to enhance
your system with extra functions such as a modem card, a
network controller card, or additional interface ports.
The shadow RAM feature speeds up processing by moving the
system and video BIOS into the RAM area of memory.
With the standard 1MB of video RAM, the VGA controller
supports the following resolutions:
1280 x 1024 x 16 colors (interlaced)
1024 x 768 x 32K colors (interlaced)
1024 x 768 x 256 colors (interlaced and non-interlaced)
800 x 600 x 64K colors
640 x 480 x 16.8 million colors.
When upgraded to 2MB of video RAM, the system can support
1280 x 1024 in 256 colors and 1024 x 768 in 64K colors.
2 Introduction
VGA and IDE Drivers
Your computer comes with special VGA and IDE drivers for
use with the integrated local bus VGA interface and the local
bus IDE hard disk interface. With the VGA drivers, you can
take advantage of the extended VGA features such as high
resolutions and 132-column text mode when you run popular
application programs. With the IDE drivers, you can take
advantage of the high-speed, 32-bit local bus IDE hard disk
drive interface. Instructions in Chapter 6 describe how to install
the VGA drivers for Microsoft® Windows ® 3.1 and how to
install the IDE drivers. Other VGA drivers are available from
the Epson Electronic Bulletin Board or from our worldwide
network of subsidiaries and distributors. To access the bulletin
board, call (310) 782-4531.
Optional Equipment
You can easily upgrade your computer by installing additional
memory and a wide variety of options, as describe d below.
(Installation instructions are provided in Chapters 4 and 5.)
System Memory
By adding 1MB, 2MB, 4MB, 8MB, 16MB, and 32MB SIMMs
(single inline memory modules) to the main system board, you
can expand the computer’s memory up to 64MB.
Cache Memory
You can increase the cache memory on your main system board
to 64KB, 128KB, or 256KB by having additional SRAM chips
installed by an Authorized Epson Servicer. Additional cache
allows your system to access frequently used data faster.
Introduction 3
Video Memory
You can add video memory chips to your system board to
increase the video memory to 2MB and support higher video
resolutions with more colors.
Microprocessor
You can upgrade your system with these microprocessors:
486SX/33
486DX/33
486DX2/50
486DX2 /66.
Math Coprocessor
You automatically install a math coprocessor when you
upgrade your system with a DX or DX2 microprocessor,
because a math coprocessor is built into the 486DX and 486DX2
chips.
Drives
Your system can support up to four mass storage devices,
including hard disk drives, diskette drives, a tape drive, or a
CD-ROM drive. As your storage needs expand, you can install
additional drives.
4 Introduction
How to Use This Manual
This manual contains the information you need to get the best
results from your computer. You don’t have to read everything
in this book; see the following chapter summaries to find the
sections you need.
Chapter 1 provides simple instructions for setting up your
system and connecting peripheral devices such as the monitor
and printer.
Chapter 2 describes how to run the SETUP program to
define your computer’s configuration. You may need to do
this the first time you use your computer. If you change the
configuration later, you will need to run it again.
Chapter 3 covers general operating procedures, such as
resetting the computer, using the password, and changing the
processor speed.
Chapter 4 describes how to remove and replace the computer’s
cover, change jumper settings, and install optional equipment
such as microprocessor upgrades, option cards, and memory
modules.
Chapter 5 explains how to install and remove disk drives.
Chapter 6 describes how to install the VGA and IDE drivers.
Chapter 7 contains troubleshooting tips.
Appendix A lists the specifications of your computer, the
operating environments that have been tested on your system,
and options available from Epson.
At the end of this manual you’ll find a Glossary, an Index, and
a list of international marketing locations.
Introduction 5
Conventions Used in This Manual
This manual uses the following type conventions:
Example
Meaning
Enter
Keys you press on the keyboard
Ctrl C
Keys you press at the same time; hold down the
key marked Ctrl and press the letter C
C:\DOS
Text as it appears on the screen
DISKCOPY A: B:
Text that you type exactly as shown
path\filename
Words printed in lowercase italics represent
optional parameter names; here you would
type the actual path and filename, such as
\WORK\CONTACT
SERIAL 1
Names of hardware elements
Where to Get Help
If you purchased your computer outside the United States,
please contact your dealer or the marketing location nearest
you for customer support and service. International marketing
locations are listed at the back of this manual.
If you purchased your computer in the United States, Epson
provides the following support services through the Epson
Connection’“:
Technical assistance with the installation, configuration,
and operation of Epson products
On-site Servicer referral
Assistance in locating your nearest Authorized Epson
Reseller or Service Center
6 Introduction
Sales of Epson computers as well as ribbons, supplies,
parts, documentation, and accessories for your Epson
product
Customer Relations
Epson technical information library fax service-also
available directly by calling the toll number (310) 782-4214
Product literature with technical specifications on our
current and new products
User group locations.
If you need help with any software you are using, see the
documentation that came with it for technical support.
Epson Connection: (800) 922-43911
You can also contact Epson at (310) 782-0770 and ask for the
Epson Connection.
Introduction 7
Chapter 1
Setting Up Your System
This chapter briefly describes how to set up your computer. It
includes the following information:
Getting started
Connecting the computer
Turning on the computer
Turning off the computer.
Getting Started
Follow the instructions below for choosing a location for your
new system and unpacking it.
Choosing a Location
When you are ready to set up your system, choose a safe,
convenient location that provides the following:
A flat, hard surface. Surfaces like beds and carpets attract
static electricity, which can erase data on your disks,
damage the computer’s circuitry, and prevent proper
ventilation.
Moderate environmental conditions. Select a cool, dry area
and protect your computer from extremes in temperature,
humidity, dust, and smoke. Avoid direct sunlight or other
sources of heat.
Setting Up Your System
1-1
Good air circulation. Leave several inches of space around
the computer so air can move freely.
No electromagnetic interference. Do not place your system
too close to any electrical device, such as a telephone or
television, which generates an electromagnetic field.
Appropriate power source. Connect all your equipment
with the appropriate power cords for the power source in
your area.
Unpacking Your Computer
When you unpack your system components, make sure you
have these items:
computer
Your system may also include an Epson PS/2 compatible
mouse and may come with the operating system and software
already installed on a hard disk drive.
If you purchased any optional equipment that wasn’t installed
at the factory-such as option cards, memory modules, a hard
disk, or a diskette drive-you install these options before you
connect your computer. See Chapters 4 and 5 for instructions.
1-2
Setting Up Your System
Connecting the Computer
Use the illustration below to locate the ports on the back of
your system as you connect the keyboard, monitor, printer, and
other devices.
monitor cable
AC inlet
AC outlet
MOUSE
PARALLEL
Connecting a Keyboard
To connect a keyboard, hold the cable connector so the arrow
on the connector faces up. Insert it into the port marked K/B.
Connecting a Mouse
If your system came with an Epson PS/2 compatible mouse,
you connect it to the computer’s built-in mouse port. To
connect the mouse, insert the connector into the port marked
MOUSE.
Setting Up Your System
1-3
Caution
Although the connectors and ports for the mouse and
keyboard are physically identical, they cannot be used
interchangeably. Be sure to plug the mouse connector into
the MOUSE port, or you may damage your system.
If your system has not already been configured, you may need
to install a mouse driver. See your mouse manual for
instructions. (If you are using Windows 3.1, you don’t need a
mouse driver.)
Connecting a Monitor
You can connect your VGA monitor to the computer’s built-in
VGA port as described below. You must use a VGA monitor
with this computer.
1.
Place your monitor on top of or near the computer. Turn the
monitor and computer around so the backs are facing you.
2.
There should be two cables provided with your monitor: the
monitor cable (to connect it to the computer) and the power
cable (to connect it to the power source). On most monitors,
the monitor cable is permanently attached to the monitor. If
your monitor does not have an attached cable, connect the
cable to it now.
3.
Examine the connector on the monitor cable and line it up
with the VGA port on the computer. Then insert the
connector into the port.
Caution
To avoid damaging the connector, be careful not to bend
the pins when you insert it.
1-4
Setting Up Your System
4.
If the connector has retaining screws, tighten them.
5.
Plug the monitor’s power cord into the power inlet on the
back of the monitor.
6.
Plug the other end of the power cord into a grounded
electrical outlet or into the power outlet on the back of the
computer.
Caution
Before you plug the monitor’s power cord into the back
of your computer, make sure the monitor’s power
requirements do not exceed 1 Amp.
Connecting a Printer or Other Device
Your computer has one bidirectional parallel and two serial
ports. To connect a printer or other peripheral device, follow
the appropriate instructions below.
Using the parallel port
Follow these steps to connect a parallel printer to your
computer:
1.
Place the printer next to the computer so that the backs are
facing you.
2.
Align the connector end of the printer cable with the
PARALLEL port and plug it in. If the connector has retaining
screws, tighten them.
3.
Connect the other end of the cable to the printer. To secure
the cable, squeeze the clips at each side of the printer port
and push them into place.
Setting Up Your System
1-5
4.
Plug the printer’s power cord into a grounded electrical
outlet.
Using the serial ports
If you have a printer, a modem, or a mouse with a serial
interface, you can connect it to one of the serial (RS-232C) ports
on the back of the computer. Make sure you have a cable
compatible with a DB-9P connector.
To connect a serial device, insert the connector into one of the
ports marked COM1 and COM2. If you are connecting only one
serial device, use the COM1 port.
Connecting the Power Cord
Follow these steps to connect the power cord:
1.
Plug the power cord into the power inlet on the back of the
computer.
Warning
To avoid an electric shock, be sure to plug the cord into
the computer before plugging it into the wall outlet.
2.
1-6
Plug the other end of the power cord into a grounded
electrical outlet.
Setting Up Your System
Turning On the Computer
After you set up your system, you are ready to turn on the
power. Use the illustration below to identify the parts of your
system.
speed
hard disk
access light
diskette drive
reset button
Before you turn on your computer, check the following safety
rules to avoid accidentally damaging your computer or injuring
yourself:
Do not connect or disconnect any peripheral device cables
(including the keyboard or a mouse) or power cables unless
the computer’s power is off.
Never turn off or reset your computer while a disk drive
light is on. This can destroy data stored on the disk.
Never turn on the computer with a protective card in the
diskette drive.
Setting Up Your System
1-7
Always wait at least 20 seconds after you turn off the
power before you turn it on again to prevent possible
damage to the computer’s electrical circuitry.
Do not leave a beverage near your system. Spilled liquid
can damage the circuitry of your equipment.
Follow these steps to turn on your system:
1.
Turn your computer around so the front panel faces you.
Place your monitor, printer, and other devices in a
convenient arrangement.
2.
If there is a protective card in the diskette drive, remove it.
3.
Turn on the monitor, printer, and any other devices
connected to the computer.
4.
Turn on the computer by pressing the power button on the
right side of the front panel.
The power indicator lights up, then the screen displays the
BIOS version number and copyright information. The
computer performs its power-on diagnostics, which are a
series of checks that make sure everything is working
correctly. The screen displays several messages during the
diagnostics, including the prompt:
Press <F2> to enter SETUP
If the diagnostics indicate a mismatch with the system
configuration, you will see an error message followed by
this prompt:
Press <F1> to resume, <F2> to Setup
If this happens, press F2 to run the SETUP program and
check your system configuration. See Chapter 2 for a
complete description of the SETUP program.
1-8
Setting Up Your System
When the computer completes its testing, it displays a screen
describing the system’s configuration. If necessary, press
the Pause button on the keyboard to view the configuration
screen. After viewing the screen, press any key to continue
the startup process.
5.
If necessary, use the controls on your monitor to adjust the
brightness and contrast until you can easily see the
characters on the screen. If your monitor has horizontal and
vertical hold controls, you may need to use them to
stabilize the display.
If your system is configured to automatically load a program
(such as Microsoft Windows or a word processing
program), you see the first menu or screen display of that
program. If not, you may see the operating system prompt,
such as C:\>orA:\>.
If there is no operating system installed on your computer,
you see an error message. Ignore the message for now; once
you install the operating system, you will not see this
message.
Now you need to run the SETUP program to make sure your
computer is configured properly. First turn off the computer, as
described below, then see Chapter 2 for instructions. When you
finish running SETUP, be sure to see “Post-SETUP Procedures”
on page 2-12 for guidelines on what you need to do next.
Setting Up Your System
1-9
Turning Off the Computer
Whenever you turn off your system, follow these steps:
1-10
1.
Save your data and exit any application program you are
using.
2.
Check the hard disk drive light and the diskette drive light(s)
to make sure they are not on. Do not turn off the computer
if a drive light is on, because you can damage the drive or
lose data.
3.
Remove any diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s).
4.
Press the power button to turn off the computer.
5.
Turn off the monitor, printer, and any other peripheral
devices.
Setting Up Your System
Chapter 2
Running the SETUP Program
You may need to run the SETUP program the first time you use
your computer. If your system came unconfigured, you need to
define how it is set up. If your system was configured for you,
you may still need to set the date and time. You also may need
to run the program again later if you change your configuration.
The SETUP program is stored in the computer’s ROM BIOS
(read-only memory, basic input/output system). SETUP lets
you verify or change the following:
Current date and time
Type of video display adapter
System memory
Type of diskette drive(s) and hard disk drive(s)
External cache
Shadow and memory mapping options
Chipset register options
System booting sequence
Password security.
The configuration information is stored in an area of memory
called CMOS RAM. This memory is backed up by a battery, so
it is not erased when you turn off or reset the computer.
Running the SETUP Program
2-1
Starting the SETUP Program
Whenever you start your computer, you see the following
message:
Press <F2> to enter SETUP
If the system detects an error in your system configuration, you
will see an error message followed by this message:
Press <F1> to resume, <F2> to Setup
In either case, press F2 to run the SETUP program to verify or
change your configuration.
The SETUP program displays the Main Menu. From this menu,
you can select the various SETUP options to identify your
system’s configuration and then save your new values to
CMOS. If you change your mind, you can ignore any changes
you have made and restore the default values stored in ROM or
load the values previously stored in CMOS.
The table below lists the keys you can use to perform SETUP
operations.
SETUP function keys
Key
Function
Move the cursor to the next or previous modifiable option
+ -
Change the values in the field
Home End
Move the cursor to the top or bottom of the menu
F1 or Alt H
Displays a help screen describing the option currently
selected
F5or-
Selects the previous value
F6 or + or
Selects the next value
Space bar
2-2
Running the SETUP Program
SETUP function keys (continued)
Key
Function
F9
Supplies the factory default values for the SETUP options on
the current screen
F10
Ignores any changes you have made on the current
screen
Enter
Selects the current option or value
Alt R
Refreshes the current screen
Esc or Alt X
Exits the current menu
Whenever you are in the SETUP program, the bottom of the
screen lists the keys you can press to perform specific functions.
The System Setup Option
When you select this option, you see the System Setup screen.
From this screen, you can set the system time and date, define
your video display type, check system memory, and define the
diskette drives.
Use
to move the cursor to the value you want to
change. Then press + or - until you see the value you want.
Setting the Time and Date
The real-time clock in your computer continuously tracks the
date and time-even when the computer is turned off. Once
you set the System Time and System Date options using
SETUP, you should not need to change them, unless you adjust
the time for daylight savings or other seasonal adjustments.
(The computer automatically changes the date for leap years.)
Running the SETUP Program
2-3
Setting the Video Display Type
The Video System option allows you to define the type of
adapter you are using. Because you connected your monitor to
the computer’s built-in VGA port, select EGA/VGA.
You must use a VGA monitor with this computer; therefore,
always select a video display type of EGA/VGA.
Note
You cannot install an optional video card in this computer.
Checking System Memory
Your computer comes with 4MB of RAM on a SIMM. MS-DOS@
and application programs that run under MS-DOS use the first
640KB of memory. You can use the memory above 1MB as
extended memory.
When you boot your system, the system BIOS detects the type
of RAM and updates the total memory size automatically. You
see the memory configuration displayed in the System
Memory and Extended Memory fields on this SETUP screen.
You cannot change these values; if they are not what you
expect them to be, check your jumper settings as described in
Chapter 4. Also, check that the SIMM(s) are securely seated in
their sockets.
Setting the Diskette Drive(s)
On your system, diskette drive A is the 3.5-inch high-density
drive installed in the lower drive bay on your system. You may
also have another drive of a different size or capacity; this is
drive B. Check the settings for both drives and correct them if
necessary.
2-4
Running the SETUP Program
The Fixed Disk Setup Option
When you select this option, you see the Fixed Disk Setup
screen. From this screen, you select Disk 0 or Disk 1.
Your computer comes with a hard disk auto-sensing feature. If
you press Enter when the Autotype Fixed Disk option is
highlighted, the system detects the type of hard disk drive and
fills in the remaining fields on the screen.
If you are using an older drive or a preformatted drive, it may
not support the auto-sensing feature. If you press Enter when
the Autotype Fixed Disk option is highlighted and the
drive parameters do not match your drive, you need to define
your own drive type or reformat the disk. See the next section
for instructions on how to define your own drive type.
Defining Your Own Drive Type
If the parameters for your hard disk do not match the
parameters detected by the auto-sensing feature, or if you want
to use your drive with parameters other than the defaults, you
can define your own type. (See Appendix A for a list of hard
disk drive types and their parameters.)
To define your own drive type, follow these steps:
1.
Move the cursor to Type and select User.
2.
Type the appropriate values for your hard disk.
3.
After entering the appropriate values press ESC to exit this
screen.
See Appendix A for a list of standard hard disk drives and
Epson hard disk drives and their specifications.
Running the SETUP Program
2-5
Note
If you are going to install NetWare® 286, version 2.2, and you
plan to assign a user-defined drive type for your drive, you
must install the NetWare IDE drivers (IDE.DSK and
IDE.OBJ). You can obtain these drivers by downloading
IDE286.ZIP from Netwire in CompuServe.® Alternatively,
you can select one of the predefined hard disk drive types
that most closely matches the drive you are installing.
The Advanced System Setup Option
When you select this option from the Main Menu, you see the
Advanced System Setup screen. From this screen, you can
select the options that allow you to configure the computer’s
cache memory and shadow memory, and define options that
control the advanced chipset.
Note
The Advanced System Setup options can be automatically
configured by system. to avoid malfunctions, let the
system configure these options.
Configuring Cache Memory
You use the Memory Cache option to enable or disable
automatic configuration of your external cache memory.
Enabling cache memory improves system performance,
especially in large data retrieval and processing environments.
If you choose to configure your cache memory (rather than let
the system automatically configure it), you can define the burst
wait states and two non-cacheable areas of memory. However,
it’s a good idea to let the system automatically configure your
cache memory.
2-6
Running the SETUP Program
Configuring Memory Shadow
You use the Memory Shadow option to enable or disable
shadowing of your system and video memory as well as
specific blocks of ROM.
Your computer can access RAM faster than ROM. The options
on this screen allow your system to copy the contents of its
system and/or video ROM into RAM. When you use
shadowing, your system can perform certain operations faster.
This provides a significant increase in performance.
Note
For the best system performance, always set the System
shadow and the Video shadow optionsto Enabled.
If you enable shadowing for specific regions, the ROM located
in this region is copied to the shadow area.
Configuring Chipset Registers
You use the Advanced Chipset Control option to change
the values in the chipset registers and optimize your system’s
performance. Setting these values correctly will increase your
system performance; however, setting these values incorrectly
may cause your system to malfunction or shut down. Be sure to
set the Auto Configuration option to Enabled to let the
system automatically configure these options to avoid
problems.
Running the SETUP Program
2-7
The options that the system automatically configures for
optimum performance are listed below:
Memory remapping
Refresh cycle
DRAM wait state
CPU clock selection
Keyboard clock selection
AT clock selection
DRAM type
NPU ready delay
Divider of refresh frequency
Hold PD bus
Setting the Boot Options
When you select this option from the Main Menu, you see the
Boot Options screen.
The Disk drive boot sequence option determines the
order in which the computer checks the drives when it looks for
the operating system.
If you select A : then C : , each time you turn on the computer,
it tries to load the operating system from drive A. If drive A
doesn’t contain an operating system, the computer loads the
operating system from drive C. If you select C : then A:, the
computer tries to load the operating system from drive C first.
If drive C doesn’t contain an operating system, the computer
tries to load it from drive A. If you select C : only, the
computer tries to load the operating system from drive C only.
If you set the Disk drive boot sequence option to
c : only, you can disable the Floppy seek option. This will
speed up your boot time.
2-8
Running the SETUP Program
You can also enable or disable the system summary screen that
the system displays during system startup. Disabling the
System Summary screen speeds up system startup.
The System Security and Anti- Virus Option
When you select this option from the Main Menu, you see the
System Security and Anti-Virus screen.
You can enable both a Supervisor and a User password to
control access to your system and prevent unauthorized users
from accessing the diskette drives. To specify a User password,
you must first specify a Supervisor password. The passwords
can be up to eight characters.
If you enable the Password on boot option, you must enter
the Supervisor or User password each time you turn on the
system. If you do not enable the Password on boot option,
you must enter the password each time you start the SETUP
program.
When you start SETUP, the password you enter (either
Supervisor or User) determines the options available on the
Security and Anti-Virus screen. If you enter the User password,
the Supervisor options are not displayed.
You can restrict use of the diskette drives by specifying that
either the Supervisor or User password be entered before the
drive can be accessed. If you enter Supervisor for the
Diskette Access option, you can access the diskette drives
only if you enter the Supervisor password during system
startup. If you enter User for the Diskette Accessoption,
you can access the diskette drives whether you enter the
Supervisor or User password during startup.
Running the SETUP Program
2-9
By controlling access to the diskette drives, you can prevent
unauthorized users from accessing the drives and possibly
introducing a virus to your system.
To delete your passwords, follow these steps:
1.
Set the Password on boot option to Disabled.
2.
Delete the User password.
3.
Then delete the Supervisor password. You must delete the
User password before SETUP will allow you to access the
Supervisor password.
The System Summary Option
When you select the System Summary option from the Main
Menu, the SETUP program displays a summary of the
configuration settings for your system. This is the same screen
you see during system startup.
Disabling this screen during system startup speeds up the
startup procedure. You enable or disable this screen using the
Boot Options described on page 2-8.
2-10
Running the SETUP Program
Exiting the SETUP Program
When you leave the SETUP program, you can save your
settings and reboot your system, or exit SETUP without saving
your settings. You can also return all values to the factory
defaults.
To leave the SETUP program, press Esc from any SETUP
screen. From the SETUP Main Menu, you can perform the
following functions:
Load ROM
Default Values
Loads the factory default settings
stored in ROM back into CMOS. If
you change your system
configuration using the SETUP
program and then have problems,
you can load to ROM values to boot
the system and start over.
Load Values
from CMOS
Loads the current values stored in
CMOS for all SETUP options. This
ignores any changes you have
made through SETUP.
Save Values
to CMOS
Saves the changes you have made
to your configuration to CMOS.
Now press Esc to restart your computer.
Running the SETUP Program
2-11
Post-SETUP Procedures
After you run SETUP for the first time, you may need to install
the operating system on your computer (if it is not already
installed). See your operating system manual for instructions.
Once you have installed your operating system, install any
software you plan to use. See your application program
manuals for instructions.
You may also want to install the optional extended video
drivers for some of your application programs. See Chapter 6
for more information.
2-12
Running the SETUP Program
Chapter 3
Using Your Computer
This chapter briefly describes the following operations:
Inserting and removing diskettes
Stopping a command or program
Resetting the computer
Using the password
Changing the processor speed.
inserting and Removing Disks
To insert a diskette into a 3.5-inch drive, hold the diskette with
the label facing up and the metal shutter leading into the drive,
as shown in the following illustration. Slide the diskette into the
drive until it clicks into place.
metal shutter
Using Your Computer
3-1
To insert a diskette into a 5.25-inch drive, hold the diskette with
the label facing up and the read/write slot leading into the
drive. Turn down the latch to secure the diskette in the drive.
When you want to remove the diskette, make sure the drive
light is off; then press the release button or turn the latch.
Remove the diskette and store it properly.
Caution
Never remove a diskette or reset or turn off the computer
while a diskette drive light is on. You could lose data. Also,
remove all diskettes before you turn off the computer.
Stopping a Command or Program
You may sometimes need to stop a command or program while
it is running. If you have entered a DOS or application program
command that you want to stop, try one of the following:
Press Pause
Hold down Ctrl and press C
Hold down Ctrl and press Break.
If these methods do not work, you may need to reset the
computer as described below. Do not turn off the computer to
exit a program or stop a command unless you have to, because
the computer erases any data you did not save.
3-2
Using Your Computer
Resetting the Computer
Occasionally, you may want to clear the computer’s current
settings or its memory without turning it off. You can do this
by resetting the computer.
For example, if an error occurs and the computer does not
respond to your keyboard entries, you can reset it to reload
your operating system and try again. However, resetting erases
any data in memory that you have not saved; so reset only if
necessary.
Caution
Do not reset the computer to exit a program. Some programs
classify and store new data when you exit them. If you reset
the computer without properly exiting a program, you may
lose data.
When you reset the computer, the operating system must be
either on the hard disk or on a diskette in drive A; so if you do
not have a hard disk, insert the operating system diskette in
drive A. If you are using DOS, you can hold down Ctrl and Alt
and press Del.
You can also press the RESET button located on the front right
side of your computer. (See the illustration below.) The screen
displays nothing for a moment and then the computer reloads
the operating system.
Using Your Computer
3-3
reset button
If resetting the computer does not correct the problem, you
probably need to turn it off and on again. Remove any
diskette(s) from the diskette drive(s). Turn off the computer
and wait 20 seconds. If you do not have a hard disk, insert the
operating system diskette in drive A. Then turn on the
computer.
Using a Password
You use the Security and Anti-virus option of the
SETUP program to define your password security. You can
define both a Supervisor password and a User password. You
also specify whether a password is required when you boot the
system and/or access a diskette drive.
If you enabled the Password on boot option when you ran
the SETUP program, you must enter the Supervisor or User
password every time you turn on or reset the computer. If you
disable the Password on boot option, you enter the
password when you start the SETUP program.
3-4
Using Your Computer
If you set the Diskette Access option to Supervisor, you
can access a diskette drive only if the Supervisor password is
entered during startup. If the User password is entered, you
cannot access the diskette drive.
Follow these steps to enter your password when you see the
password prompt:
1.
Type your password. You see a rectangle for each character
you type. Then press Enter.
2.
After you type the password correctly and press Enter, the
computer loads the operating system (or starts SETUP).
If you don’t enter the correct password the first time you type
it, you can try two more times. If you haven’t entered the
correct password on the third try, the computer locks up to
prevent unauthorized access. You see the message:
System Disabled!
You must turn off the computer and start over. You can reset
the computer using the RESET button but you cannot reset the
computer by pressing Ctrl + Alt + Del.
Note
If you want to delete your password, you must run the
SETUP program and follow the instructions for deleting a
password in Chapter 2.
If you do not remember your password, see “Password
Problems” in Chapter 7.
Using Your Computer
3-5
Changing the Processor Speed
Your computer’s processor can operate at two speeds: fast
speed (the speed of your microprocessor) or slow speed
(8 MHz). The slow speed is available to provide compatibility
with older application programs.
When your computer is operating at fast speed, the TURBO light
on the front panel is on. When the computer is operating at
slow speed, the light is off.
You should use fast speed for almost everything you do
because your programs will work faster. However, certain
application programs have specific timing requirements and
can run only at the slower speed. See your software manual to
determine if this is the case.
Some copy-protected programs require the computer to run at
slow speed while accessing the program on a diskette. These
programs also usually require you to leave a key disk-the
diskette that contains the copy protection-in the diskette
drive. If you use a copy-protected program, you can change the
speed to slow to access the diskette and return it to fast speed
when you are finished.
You can change the processor speed temporarily by entering
one of the following commands from the numeric keypad on
your keyboard:
To select slow speed, hold down the Ctrl key and the Alt key
simultaneously and then press the - key on the numeric
keypad. This turns off the speed light.
To select fast speed, hold down the Ctrl and Alt keys and
press + on the numeric keypad. The speed light comes on.
3-6
Using Your Computer
Note
You can use the commands listed above while you are
running a program. However, if the program uses one of
these commands for another function, you cannot use it to
change the processor speed.
The speed setting remains in effect until you do the following:
Reset your computer
Turn off your computer
Change the speed with another keyboard command
Change the jumper setting of J22 (as described in
Chapter 4).
Using Your Computer
3-7
Chapter 4
Installing and Removing Options
You can enhance the performance of your computer by adding
optional equipment such as system, video, or cache memory
modules, option cards, or a microprocessor upgrade.
This chapter first describes how to remove your computer’s
cover to install options and how to replace the cover when you
are finished. It then describes the following:
Locating the internal components
Changing the jumper settings
Installing and removing SIMMs (single inline memory
modules)
Installing and removing option cards
Removing and re-installing the option card connector board
Adding video memory
Installing external cache
Installing microprocessor upgrades.
Caution
Never install options or change jumper settings when the
computer is turned on or the power cable is connected to the
computer.
Once you have installed your option, see “Post-installation
Procedures” on page 4-29.
Installing and Removing Options
4-1
Removing the Cover
You need to remove the computer’s cover to install any of the
options described in this chapter or to install or remove a disk
drive (as described in Chapter 5).
Follow these steps to remove the cover:
4-2
1.
Turn off the computer and then any peripheral devices
(including the monitor and printer).
2.
Disconnect the computer’s power cable from the electrical
outlet and from the back panel. Also disconnect any cables
that are connected to the computer, including the keyboard
cable.
3.
If the monitor is on top of the computer, lift it off and set it
to one side.
4.
Turn the computer around so the back panel is facing you.
5.
Remove the three screws securing the back panel.
Installing and Removing Options
6.
Grasp the sides of the cover and lift it straight up, as shown
below:
7.
Set the cover aside.
8.
Ground yourself to the computer by touching the metal
surface of the back panel.
Warning
Be sure to ground yourself by touching the back panel of the
computer every time you remove the cover. If you are not
properly grounded, you could generate an electric shock that
could damage a component when you touch it.
Installing and Removing Options
4-3
Replacing the Cover
When you are ready to replace the computer’s cover, follow
these steps:
4-4
1.
Make sure all the internal components are installed
properly.
2.
Check all cable connections, especially those that might have
been loosened during your work.
3.
Make sure all cables are out of the way so they do not catch
on the cover.
4.
Insert the front of the cover between the front bezel and the
chassis of the computer and guide it straight down. (See the
illustration on page 4-3.)
5.
Replace the three cover retaining screws.
6.
Reconnect the computer to the monitor, printer, keyboard,
and any other peripheral devices you have. Then reconnect
the power cable to the back of the computer and to an
electrical outlet.
Installing and Removing Options
Locating the Internal Components
As you follow the instructions in this chapter, refer to the
illustration below to locate the different components inside
your computer.
optional
video
micromemory processor
sockets
option
card and
connector system
board
board
diskette
drive
connector
video
memory
optional
external
cache
sockets
hard disk drive
mounting bracket
drive bays
Installing and Removing Options
4-5
Changing the Jumper Settings
The main system board in your computer has a number of
jumpers that control certain functions. These jumpers are preset
at the factory to default positions. See the illustration below to
locate the jumpers on the system board.
J5.J6,J7.J8
J16
J17
J19
Note
These are the only jumpers you may need to change. Other
jumpers on the system board are for service purposes only.
4-6
Installing and Removing Options
Use the information in the following tables to change jumper
settings, if necessary.
Jumper settings
Jumper
number
Jumper
setting
Function
J5
1-2 *
2-3
Assigns PARALLEL port as LPT1
Assigns PARALLEL port as LPT2
J6
1-2 *
2-3
Assigns COM 1 serial port as COM 1
Assigns COM 1 serial port as COM3 **
J7
1-2 *
2-3
Assigns COM2 serial port as COM2
Assigns COM2 serial port as COM4 **
J8
1-2’
2-3
Enables diskette drive controller
Disables diskette drive controller
J16
1-2 ***
Selects a CPU clock speed of 33 MHz (486SX/33,
486DX33, 486DX2/66)
Selects a CPU clock speed of 25 MHz (486SX/25,
486DX2/50)
5-6
J22
Off’
On
Selects turbo speed
Selects 8 MHz speed
J34
2-3
3-4
Selects the system board battery
Discharges CMOS memory (this resets the SETUP
values to their factory defaults)
J35
1-2
2
-
l
l
Enables the IDE hard disk drive controller
3 Disables the IDE hard disk drive controller
* Factory setting
** You can use MS-DOS to automatically reassign parallel and serial ports.
Check your MS-DOS manual for more information.
*** Setting depends on CPU
Installing and Removing Options
4-7
External cache jumper settings*
Cache size
J25
64KB
1-2
J26
1-2
128KB
2-3
I
256KB
2-3
J27
J28
2-3
Off
1-2
1-2
2-3
2-3
1
1-2
2-3
If you have no external cache installed, the position of these jumpers does
not matter.
l
Processor type jumper settings
Processor type
J17
J19
I
486DX/DX2
1-2.3-4
1-2
I
486SX
2-3
Off
Setting the Jumpers
If you need to change any jumper settings, follow these steps:
4-8
1.
Refer to the illustration on page 4-6 to locate the jumpers.
2.
If there are any option cards installed in your computer, you
need to remove them to access the jumpers. See page 4-18.
3.
A jumper’s setting is determined by where the jumper is
placed on the pins. Use the following table to identify the
pin settings for 2-pin, 3-pin, and 4-pin jumpers. To identify
pin 1, look at the system board under the jumper. You will
see a triangle traced on the board at pin 1.
Installing and Removing Options
I
Setting jumpers
To move a jumper from one position to the other, use
needle-nose pliers or tweezers to pull it off its pins and
gently move it to the desired position.
Caution
Be careful not to bend the jumper pins or damage any
components on the main system board.
4.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 4-14 for
instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
4-9
Installing Memory Modules (SIMMs)
Your computer comes with 4MB of memory on a SIMM. By
installing additional SIMMs, you can increase the amount of
memory in your computer up to 64MB.
There are two SIMM sockets on the main system board, and
each can contain one memory module. You can install 1MB,
2MB, 4MB, 8MB, 16MB, and 32MB SIMMs. The following table
shows the possible SIMM configurations. (When the front of
the computer is facing you, BANK 0 is on the right. An x in the
table below indicates no SIMM installed.)
SIMM configurations
BANK 0
BANK 1
Total memory
4MB
X
4MB
4MB
1MB
5MB
4MB
2MB
6MB
4MB
4MB
8MB
4MB
8MB
12MB
8MB
X
8MB
8MB
1MB
8MB
2MB
10MB
8MB
4MB
12MB
8MB
8MB
16MB
16MB
X
16MB
16MB
1MB
17MB
16MB
2MB
18MB
16MB
4MB
20MB
16MB
8MB
24MB
16MB
32MB
16MB
4-10
Installing and Removing Options
9MB
S/MM configurations (continued)
BANK 0
BANK 1
Total memory
16MB
32MB
48MB
32MB
X
32MB
32MB
1MB
33MB
32MB
2MB
34MB
32MB
4MB
36MB
32MB
8MB
40MB
32MB
16MB
48MB
32MB
32MB
64MB
Use only tin-plated, 32-bit or 36-bit, 72-pin, fast-page mode
SIMMs that operate at an access speed of 80ns (nanoseconds)
or faster. Be sure all the SIMMs operate at the same speed.
SIMMs that are 80ns must operate with 1 wait state; 70ns or
faster SIMMs can operate with 0 wait state. (To add a wait state,
select the DRAM wait state option from the Advanced
Chipset Control option in SETUP.)
Inserting SIMMs
Make sure the computer is turned off and then follow these
steps to install SIMMs:
1.
Make sure the front of the computer is facing you.
2.
Refer to the illustration on page 4-5 to locate the SIMM
sockets on the right side of the system board.
3.
Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access
to the SIMM sockets. (See page 4-18 for instructions.)
installing and Removing Options
4-11
4.
Position the SIMM at an angle over the empty SIMM socket,
as shown below.
5.
Push the SIMM into the socket until it is seated firmly in the
slot. Then tilt it upright, as shown below, guiding the hole
at each end of the SIMM over the retaining post at each end
of the SIMM socket. If it does not go in smoothly, do not
force it; pull it all the way out and try again.
6.
Replace any option cards you removed. (See page 4-14 for
instructions.)
4-12
Installing and Removing Options
Removing SlMMs
If you need to remove SIMMs from your computer (to install
different ones, for example), make sure the computer is turned
off and then follow the steps below:
1.
Remove any option cards that may be blocking your access
to the SIMM sockets. (See page 4-18 for instructions.)
2.
Use your fingers or a small screwdriver to carefully pull
away the metal tabs that secure the SIMM at each end, as
shown below.
Installing and Removing Options
4-13
3.
As you pull away the tabs, the SIMM falls to the side.
Remove it from the socket.
4.
If necessary, follow the same procedure to remove the other
SIMM.
5.
If you are inserting different SIMMs, follow the instructions
on page 4-11 to install your new SIMMs.
6.
Replace any option cards you removed, as described below.
installing an Option Card
This section explains how to install option cards in your computer.
Your computer has three 16-bit, full-length slots and two 8-bit,
half-length slots to accommodate a total of five option cards.
Usually it does not matter which slot an option card occupies as
long as the card fits in the slot. For example, you can place
some 8-bit cards in a 16-bit slot. However, you cannot install a
16-bit card in an 8-bit slot.
4-14
Installing and Removing Options
Check the components on your option card and the system
board before deciding which slot to use. Make sure that no
components are touching or obstructing other cards or cables.
Caution
Make sure the power requirements for the option cards you
install do not exceed the power supply limitations. See your
option card manual(s) for the power requirements. Then
check Appendix A for the option slot power limits.
Before you install an option card, see if you need to change any
jumper settings on the system board. For example, if you install
a SCSI hard disk drive, you may need to change jumper J35 to
disable the IDE hard disk drive controller. See page 4-6 for
more information on jumpers.
Note
You cannot install a video display card in this system.
Refer to the illustrations below and follow these steps to install
an option card:
1.
If you are using a 16-bit option slot, go on to step 2. If you
are using an 8-bit slot near the power supply, you need to
move the power supply before you can remove the metal
slot cover.
Installing and Removing Options
4-15
Remove the two retaining screws securing the power supply
to the back of the computer and the third retaining screw
holding the power supply to the base of the computer, as
shown below. Be careful not to disconnect any of the cables.
Slide the power supply out of the way.
2.
4-16
Remove the retaining screw securing the option slot cover
to the computer, as shown below. (Keep the screw to secure
the option card to the computer.)
Installing and Removing Options
3.
Slide out the slot cover and set it aside. (Store it in a safe
place in case you remove the option card later.)
4.
Unpack the option card and adjust any switches or jumpers
on it, if necessary. (Check the option card instructions.)
When you handle the card, be careful not to touch any of
the components on the circuit board or the gold-edged
connectors. If you need to set it down before you install it,
place it gently on top of its original packing material with
the component side facing up. Keep the packing materials
in case you remove the card later.
5.
Hold the card along the top corners and guide it into the
connector, as shown below. (If you are installing a
full-length card, insert the front edge of the card into the
corresponding guide inside the computer’s front panel.)
Installing and Removing Options
4-17
Once the connectors reach the slot, push the card in firmly
(but carefully) to insert it fully. You should feel the card fit
into place. If it does not go in smoothly, do not force it; pull
the card all the way out and try again.
6.
Secure the end of the card to the computer with the retaining
screw.
Removing an Option Card
You may need to remove an option card installed in your
computer to access components on the main system board-to
change a jumper setting, for example. You may also want to
remove a card if you no longer need it. Refer to the option card
illustration on page 4-17 and follow these steps:
1.
Remove the retaining screw securing the option card to the
computer. Then pull the card straight out of the slot.
2.
Set the card aside with the component side facing up.
3.
If you are not replacing an option card, replace the option
slot cover and retaining screw.
Removing the Option Card Connector Board
You may need to remove the option card connector board to
replace the microprocessor installed on your system board.
Follow these steps:
1.
4-18
Remove any option cards from the connector board (see the
section above).
Installing and Removing Options
2.
Remove the two retaining screws securing the option card
connector board to the back of the computer, as shown
below.
3.
Pull the board straight up and out of its socket and set it
aside.
Installing and Removing Options
4-19
Replacing the Option Card Connector Board
If you removed the option card connector board, follow these
steps to replace it. Refer to the option card connector board
illustration above.
4-20
1.
Position the board above its slot and push it straight into the
connector, as shown below.
2.
Secure the board to the back of the computer with its two
retaining screws.
3.
Re-install any option cards you removed. See page 4-14.
Installing and Removing Options
Adding Video Memory
Your computer comes with 1MB of video memory. You can
increase your video memory to 2MB by installing two video
DRAM, 256KB x 16-bit, 40-pin, ZIP (Zig-zag Inline Package)
chips. This is useful for running graphics-intensive applications
or for supporting high resolutions with many colors.
The following table lists the video DRAM ZIP chips that you
can install on the main system board.
Supported video ZIP chips
Manufacturer
Part number
Fujitsu
MB8 14260A-70/80 ns
MICRON
MT4C 162562-70/80 ns
Mitsubishi
M5M4426OAL-80 ns
NEC
U PD424260V-70/80 ns
Samsung
KM416C256JZ-70/80 ns
I
Installing the Video Chips
You need two ZIPS to install the optional memory. For the
memory to work properly, you must install one chip in each of
the empty video memory sockets on the system board. Follow
these steps:
1.
Locate the memory chip sockets on the main system board,
shown on page 4-5. The chip sockets are labelled U2 and U3.
2.
If there is an option card in your way, remove it. See
page 4-18 for instructions.
Installing and Removing Options
4-21
Caution
To avoid generating static electricity and damaging the
memory chips, ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel. Then
remain as stationary as possible while you install them.
3.
Remove the memory chips from their package and inspect
each one. The pins should point inward at slightly less than
a 90° angle.
If any of the pins are bent or crooked, straighten them gently
with your fingers or with small tweezers to align them with
the other pins. Be careful when you do this; the pins are
fragile and can break off easily.
4-22
4.
Position one of the ZIP chips over the first empty socket (U2)
as shown below, aligning the pins on the chip with the
holes in the socket.
5.
Gently press the chip halfway into the socket (to make sure
it is correctly aligned). If the chip does not go in smoothly,
remove it and try again.
Installing and Removing Options
6.
When the chip is properly positioned, push down firmly on
both ends of the chip to make sure it is well-seated.
7.
Repeat steps 4 through 6 for the other chip.
8.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 4-14 for
instructions.
9.
Now run SETUP as described in Chapter 2 to enable your
system to recognize the increased memory.
Installing External Cache
You can install 64KB, 128KB, or 256KB of external cache on
your system.
To install 64KB of external cache, use eight SRAM, 28-pin,
8 x 8, 20ns DIP chips, and one 8 x 8, 20ns tag chip
To install 128KB of external cache, use four SRAM, 28-pin,
32 x 8, 20ns DIP chips, and one 8 x 8, 20ns tag chip
To install 256KB of external cache, use eight SRAM, 28-pin,
32 x 8, 20ns DIP chips, and one 32 x 8, 20ns tag chip.
For the cache memory to work properly, you must install chips
in the following configuration (each bank contains four cache
memory sockets).
Installing and Removing Options
4-23
Cache memory configurations
BANK 0
U20, 21, 22, 23
BANK 1
U29, 30, 31, 32
Tag SRAM
U36
Total cache
8K x 8
8K x 8
8K x 8
64KB
32K x 8
x
8K x 8
128KB
32K x 8
32K x 8
32K x 8
256KB
Installing the Chips
Follow these steps:
1.
Locate the external cache sockets on the main system board,
shown on page 4-5.
2.
If there is an option card in your way, remove it. See
page 4-18 for instructions.
Caution
To avoid generating static electricity and damaging the
cache chips, ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel. Then
remain as stationary as possible while you install them.
3.
Remove the cache chips from their package and inspect
them. The pins should point inward at slightly less than a
90° angle.
If any of the pins are bent or crooked, straighten them gently
with your fingers or with small tweezers to align them with
the other pins. Be careful when you do this; the pins are
fragile and can break off easily.
4-24
Installing and Removing Options
4. Position one of the cache chips over the first socket as shown
below, aligning the pins on the chip with the holes in the
socket. Make sure the small notch on the end of the chip is
aligned with the corresponding notch on the socket.
U36 (tag)
U23
U32
U22
U31
U21
U30
U20
U29
BANK 0
BANK 1
5.
Gently press the chip halfway into the socket (to make sure
it is correctly aligned). If the chip goes in at an angle,
remove it with a chip puller or a small flat-head
screwdriver and try again.
6.
When the chip is properly positioned, push down firmly on
both ends of the chip to make sure it is well-seated.
7.
Repeat steps 4 through 6 for each of the remaining chips.
8.
Change jumpers J25, J26, J27, and J28, as described on
page 4-8, to correspond to the amount of cache you
installed.
9.
Replace any option cards you removed. See page 4-14 for
instructions.
10. Run SETUP to enable the External Cache option and
check that the System shadow and Video shadow
options are enabled. You select these options from the
Advanced System Setup menu. Make sure you save your
settings as you leave SETUP (see Chapter 2).
Installing and Removing Options
4-25
When the computer restarts, it displays the amount of external
cache you have installed on the system.
Upgrading the Microprocessor
You can upgrade your computer by replacing the
microprocessor with a faster one. The following table lists the
components you can use to upgrade the microprocessor in your
system.
Microprocessor upgrade components
Part
Manufacturer
Manufacturer’s
part number
486SX/33 processor
Intel
A80486SX-33
486DX/33 processor
Intel
A80486DX-33
486DX2/50 processor
Intel
A80486DX2-50
486DX2/66 processor
Intel
A80486DX2-66
Heat sink
Tennmax Trading Corp.
HS-486DX33-9
To upgrade your microprocessor, you perform these general
steps (see the page in parentheses for instructions):
4-26
1.
Remove
2.
Remove the existing processor chip (see page 4-27).
3.
Install the new microprocessor (and heat sink, if necessary)
(see page 4-27).
4.
If necessary, change the settings of jumpers J16, J17, and J19
(see page 4-6).
5.
Replace the option card connector board (see page 4-20).
the
option card connector board (see page 4-18).
Installing and Removing Options
Replacing the Processor Chip
You must remove the option card connector board to remove
your existing microprocessor. Refer to page 4-18 to remove the
option card connector board, then follow these steps to replace
the processor chip:
1.
Use the illustration on page 4-5 to locate the microprocessor
on the system board. The microprocessor chip is inserted in
a ZIF (Zero Insertion Force) socket.
Caution
Make sure you ground yourself by touching the metal
surface on the inside of the computer’s back panel before
you touch the processor chip. Then remain as stationary
as possible while you install it. Do not touch the pins on
the processor chip. Handle the microprocessor only by
the edges of its case.
2. Open the ZIF socket by lifting up the ZIF handle. This
releases the chip from the socket. (If the existing
microprocessor has a heat sink that prevents the handle
from passing over it, you must remove the heat sink first.)
Caution
The 486SX/25 microprocessor may be soldered onto an
adapter board that is seated m the ZIF socket. Lifting the
ZIF handle releases the adapter board from the socket.
3.
Gently pull the processor chip straight up and set it aside.
4.
Remove the replacement chip from its package and inspect
the pins. If they are bent, do not install the processor chip.
Contact your vendor for a new microprocessor.
Installing and Removing Options
4-27
5.
Position the processor chip over the ZIF socket, aligning the
notched edge of the chip (marked with a dot) with pin 1 on
the socket, as shown below. A corresponding notch is
drawn on the circuit board under the socket.
Note
If you install the processor chip in the wrong orientation,
you may burn the chip and void your warranty.
4-28
6.
Make sure the pins in the processor chip are directly over the
holes in the socket. Then gently push the microprocessor
straight into the socket, pressing evenly on all sides.
7.
Close the ZIF by pressing the ZIF handle back to the closed
position.
Installing and Removing Options
8.
If you are upgrading from a 486SX processor to a DX or DX2
processor, you need to change the jumper settings of J17
and J19. If you are upgrading to a CPU with a different
clock speed, you may need to change the setting of jumper
J16. See the tables on pages 4-7 and 4-8 for the correct
jumper settings.
9.
If you are upgrading to a DX2 processor, you must install
a heat sink. See the next section for instructions.
10. See page 4-20 for instructions on replacing the option card
connector board. Then replace any option cards you
removed.
11. Run SETUP as described in Chapter 2 to update your
computer’s configuration with the new microprocessor.
Installing a Heat Sink
If you are installing a DX2 processor, you must install a heat
sink on the processor chip. Follow the instructions included
with the heat sink.
Post-installation Procedures
After you install or remove options such as memory modules
or a microprocessor, you must run SETUP to update the
computer’s configuration. See Chapter 2 for instructions.
Additionally, you may need to add some commands to your
configuration files. See your operating system manual and the
manual that came with your optional equipment.
Installing and Removing Options
4-29
Chapter 5
Installing and Removing Drives
This chapter describes how to install and remove optional
drives in your computer. You can use these instructions to
install a variety of devices, including hard disk drives, a
diskette drive, a tape drive, or a CD-ROM drive. Although your
drive may look different from the ones illustrated here, you
should be able to install it the same way.
Your computer can hold up to four mass storage devices. You
can install one or two hard disk drives in the internal hard disk
drive bays. In the upper externally accessible bay, you can
install a second diskette drive, a tape drive, or a CD-ROM
drive.
To install or remove a drive, first remove the computer’s cover
as described in Chapter 4. Then follow the appropriate
instructions in this chapter to install and remove drives:
Installing a hard disk drive in the internal drive bay
Removing a hard disk drive from the internal drive bay
Installing a drive in the upper externally accessible drive
bay
Removing a drive from the upper drive bay
Reconnecting drive and power cables to the diskette drive
in the lower drive bay
Post-installation procedures.
If you are installing or removing a non-Epson drive, some of
the steps in this chapter may not apply; see the documentation
that came with your drive for more information.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-1
Installing a Hard Disk Drive in the lnternal Drive Bay
Your computer may have a hard disk drive already installed in
the internal drive bay. If not, you can install a 1-inch high by
3 ½-inch wide drive in this bay.
Here you will find steps for the following procedures:
Removing the mounting frames from the hard disk drive
(if necessary)
Connecting the hard disk drive cables
Installing the hard disk drive under the mounting bracket
Installing the hard disk drive above the mounting bracket.
Note
Be sure to check the jumper settings on the drive before
you install a hard disk drive. Also, you may want to
know the number of cylinders, heads, sectors, etc. See the
documentation that came with your drive for this
information.
Before you can install a hard disk drive, you need to remove
any option cards that may be blocking your access to the hard
disk drive area. Once you have installed the drive, replace any
option cards you removed. See Chapter 4 for instructions.
5-2
Installing and Removing Drives
Removing the Mounting Frames
If there are mounting frames attached to your hard disk drive,
you need to remove them before you can install the drive.
Follow these steps:
1.
On your drive, there may be a plastic guiderail and metal
grounding plate attached to one of the mounting frames. If
so, remove the screws securing them to the mounting frame
and remove the guiderail and grounding plate.
2.
Then remove the two screws securing each mounting frame
to the drive and remove the frames.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-3
Connecting the Hard Disk Drive Cables
To connect the hard disk drive to the computer, you need to
connect two cables: the hard disk drive ribbon cable and a
power supply cable.
The hard disk drive ribbon cable is attached to your system
board. If you need to remove it for any reason, see “Connecting
the drive cable to the system board,” below, for instructions on
reconnecting the cable to the system board. Otherwise, see
page 5-6 for instructions on connecting the ribbon cable and
power supply cable to the drive.
You should connect both the hard disk drive ribbon cable and
the power supply cable to the drive before you secure it with
the mounting bracket. You will not be able to attach them once
the bracket is in place.
Connecting the drive cable to the system board
If you need to connect the hard disk drive ribbon cable to the
system board, follow the steps below. (If the hard disk drive
ribbon cable is already attached to the system board, see
“Connecting the drive and power cables to the drive” on page 5-6.)
1.
5-4
Locate the hard disk drive ribbon cable; it is a flat cable with
a connector on each end and an additional connector on the
ribbon cable.
Installing and Removing Drives
2.
Locate the hard disk drive connector on the system board.
3.
Position the system board connector on the cable so that the
red wire aligns with pin 1 of the connector on the system
board. There is a “1” printed on the system board to
identify pin 1.
4.
Make sure the holes in the cable connector fit over the pins
in the system board connector; then push in the cable
connector.
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your system board when you push in
the cable connector.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-5
Connecting the drive and power cables to the drive
Follow the steps below to connect the hard disk drive ribbon
cable and a power supply cable to the drive:
5-6
1.
Locate the hard disk drive connector on the end of the hard
disk drive ribbon cable.
2.
Locate pin 1 on the drive connector. If you do not see it on
the connector casing, turn the drive over so you can see the
drive’s circuit board, as shown below. There is a “1” or “2”
printed on the board to identify the side of the connector
containing pin 1.
3.
Position the connector on the cable so that the red wire
aligns with pin 1 on the drive.
4.
Make sure the holes in the cable connector fit over all the
pins; then push in the connector.
Installing and Removing Drives
Caution
If you do not correctly align the holes with the pins, you
could severely damage your hard disk drive when you
push in the cable connector.
5. Locate one of the power supply cables that lead from the
power supply. (They have multi-colored wires and a plastic
connector on the end.)
6.
Position the power supply cable connector so that its
notched corners line up with the notched corners of the
power supply connector on the hard disk drive.
7.
Make sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push in the
connector.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connector correctly, you could
severely damage your hard disk drive when you push it in.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-7
Installing the Hard Disk Below the Mounting Bracket
If you have a 1-inch tall hard disk drive, you can install it below
the hard disk drive mounting bracket. Refer to the illustrations
below and follow these steps:
5-8
1.
Remove the screw securing the mounting bracket to the base
of the computer, as shown below.
2.
Slide the mounting bracket toward the diskette drive bays,
as shown above, until the slots clear the tabs.
3.
Lift the mounting bracket out of the computer and set it
aside.
Installing and Removing Drives
4.
Align the hard disk drive so that the cables lead toward the
diskette drive bays and the four screw holes on the base of
the drive are above the four pegs, as shown below.
5.
Gently lower the drive over the pegs. When the pegs are
inserted in the screw holes on the base of the hard disk
drive, the drive will not move from side to side.
6.
Lower the mounting bracket over the hard disk drive,
making sure that the slots in the mounting bracket fit over
the tabs on the base of the computer.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-9
7.
Slide the bracket toward the side of the computer, as shown
below, until the tabs hold the bracket in place.
8.
Secure the mounting bracket with a screw on each side, as
shown above.
Installing the Hard Disk On the Mounting Bracket
You can install a hard disk drive on top of the mounting bracket
rather than under it. Refer to the illustration of the mounting
bracket on page 5-8 and the one below while following these steps:
5-10
1.
Remove the screw securing the mounting bracket to the base
of the computer and slide the mounting bracket toward the
diskette drive bays until the slots clear the tabs. (See the
illustration on page 5-8.)
2.
Lift the mounting bracket out of the computer.
Installing and Removing Drives
3.
Turn the hard disk drive over and locate the four mounting
holes on the drive.
4.
Position the bracket on the hard disk drive, aligning the
holes in the bracket with the holes on the drive.
5.
Secure the bracket to the drive with four screws.
Note
If you plan to install two hard disk drives, you must use
flat-head screws to secure this drive to the mounting
bracket. You can purchase flat-head screws at any
hardware store; request this size: #6-32UNC x 8 FH, M,+.
Also, make sure you set the jumpers on both hard disk
drives to indicate which is the master and which is the
slave drive. See the documentation that came with your
drive for instructions.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-11
6.
Turn the drive and the mounting bracket over, then slide
the slots in the mounting bracket under the tabs at the base
of the computer until the tabs hold the bracket in place.
7.
Secure the mounting bracket with the retaining screw.
Note
If the drive does not fit within the internal bay, you can
move the mounting frame toward the diskette drive bays
and align only one set of the slots on the mounting
bracket with the tabs on the computer. In this case, you
insert the retaining screw in the front slot on the
mounting bracket as shown below.
5-12
Installing and Removing Drives
Removing a Hard Disk Drive From the Internal
Drive Bay
To remove a hard disk drive, reverse the installation steps
outlined above. Then disconnect the hard disk drive ribbon
cable and the power supply cable from the back of the drive.
When you disconnect the cables, grasp the connectors and pull
them straight out so you do not bend the pins; do not pull on
the cables. Use the screws to again secure the hard disk drive
mounting bracket to the base of the computer.
Installing a Drive in the Upper External Drive Bay
Your system comes with a 3.5-inch diskette drive installed in
the lower externally accessible drive bay. You can also install a
diskette drive, a CD-ROM, or a tape drive in the upper
externally accessible drive bay.
If you are installing a tape drive with a standard 5.25-inch
diskette drive connector, you can connect it using the diskette
drive cable that came with your system.
Before you install a drive in the upper drive bay, remove the
cover. Once you have the drive installed, replace the cover,
following the instructions in Chapter 4.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-13
Follow these steps to install a drive in the upper drive bay:
1.
Remove the faceplate from the bay by pushing it forward, as
shown below.
Keep the faceplate in a safe place in case you remove a drive
later (or you are installing a drive that you don’t need to
access).
2.
5-14
Remove any brackets or mounting frames from the drive.
See page 5-3 for instructions.
Installing and Removing Drives
3.
Slide the drive into the bay until it is flush with the front of
the computer.
4.
Align the slots at the side of the drive bay with the mounting
holes in the drive. Then secure both sides of the drive to the
drive bay using the retaining screws.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-15
Connecting the Drive and Power Cables
To connect the drive to the computer, you need to connect both
the drive ribbon cable and a power supply cable. Follow the
steps below.
1.
If you are installing a diskette drive, locate the diskette drive
ribbon cable. (The connector in the middle of the cable is
already connected to the system board.)
2.
If you are installing a second diskette drive or a tape drive
with a card-edge connector, one end of the cable is
connected to the bottom diskette drive. Use the other
connector on the ribbon cable to connect the drive to the
system board.
Make sure you align the key-way (the plastic divider) with
the gap in the drive connector, as shown below.
5-16
Installing and Removing Drives
3.
Locate one of the power supply cables that lead from the
power supply. (They have multi-colored wires and a plastic
connector on the end.)
4.
Align the notched corners of the power supply cable
connector with the notched corners of the drive’s power
supply connector (such as the one shown below). Make
sure the holes fit over all the pins and then push in the
connector.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connectors correctly, you could
severely damage your drive when you push them in.
If you installed a diskette drive in the upper bay, it is drive B;
the lower drive is A. You can change the drive assignments
through your operating system or you can purchase a different
diskette drive ribbon cable.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-17
Removing a Drive from the Upper Drive Bay
To remove a drive from the upper drive bay, follow these steps:
1.
Remove both the ribbon cable connector and the power
cable connector from the drive.
2.
Remove the screws securing the drive.
3.
Reach behind the drive and gently push it to the front of the
bay; then pull it out of the slot.
4.
Once you have removed the drive, replace the faceplate by
inserting one side of the plate, then gently guiding the other
side into place. You will hear it snap into place.
Reconnecting the Drive and Power Cables to the
Diskette Drive in the Lower Drive Bay
If for any reason you had to disconnect the drive and power
cables from the diskette drive mounted in the lower drive bay,
refer to the illustration below while you follow these steps to
reconnect the cables:
1.
5-18
Locate the connector on the diskette drive ribbon cable.
Installing and Removing Drives
2.
Identify pin 1 on the drive and align the connector so that
the red wire is at pin 1, as shown below. Push in the
connector.
3.
Locate the multi-colored power supply cable with the small
connector. This cable is attached to the system board rather
than the power supply.
4.
Position the power supply cable connector so that the holes
fit over all the pins. The red wire on the cable will align
with pin 1 identified at the power connector on the circuit
board of the drive. Push in the connector.
Caution
If you do not align the cable connector correctly, you could
severely damage your hard disk drive when you push it in.
Installing and Removing Drives
5-19
Post-installation Procedures
After you install or remove your drive(s) and replace the cover
on your computer, you need to run the SETUP program to
define the correct configuration for your newly installed drive.
See Chapter 2 for instructions.
5-20
Installing and Removing Drives
Chapter 6
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
The Drivers diskette included with your system contains
special VGA (video graphics array) drivers for your computer’s
built-in VGA adapter and IDE (integrated drive electronics)
drivers for use with the local bus IDE hard disk drive interface.
This chapter describes how to install these drivers.
If your system was configured for you, these drivers are
already installed. However, you may want to read this chapter
for the information it provides regarding the drivers. Also, to
optimize your display capabilities, you may need to change the
resolution setting in Windows 3.1.
VGA Drivers
Since software programs can run on different types of display
adapters with different types of monitors, the VGA drivers
identify your display adapter and monitor for the software.
These drivers are files your software uses to communicate with
your display adapter and monitor.
Your computer’s built-in VGA adapter is 100% compatible with
IBM VGA. This adapter allows you to use the computer with
Epson VGA monitors, other brands of VGA monitors, and
VGA compatible, multifrequency monitors that use analog
input. The drivers described in this chapter work with any of
these monitors.
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
6-1
Standard VGA monitors display resolutions up to 640 x 480,
and you do not need to install the drivers or utilities for your
monitor to operate properly with your application programs at
this resolution. Also, your system supports the VESA standard
1.20. If you have programs that use VESA, install the VESA
drivers that came with these programs.
However, you need to install these drivers if you want to use
resolutions over 640 x 480 or take advantage of the following
special features:
Interlaced and non-interlaced resolutions up to 1280 x 1024
in graphics modes with up to 16.8 million colors in
640 x 480 resolutions
132-column text mode in 16 colors
High-speed video memory interface
16-bit data path to video memory and hardware registers
Video adapter control of graphics cursor movement.
Your computer comes with 1MB of video memory installed on
the system board. You can upgrade the video memory to 2MB
by installing additional video memory chips. (See Chapter 4 for
installation instructions.) The resolutions your system can
support for each application depend on the size of your video
memory.
The Drivers diskette that came with your computer contains
drivers for Microsoft Windows, version 3.1. Other drivers are
available from the Epson Electronic Bulletin Board; call
(310) 782-4531 to request additional drivers.
The Drivers diskette also contains a utility program called
SetRES, which allows you to change your screen resolutions
from within the Windows environment.
6-2
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
Installing the Windows Drivers
If you have not yet installed Windows 3.1, follow the
instructions in your Windows documentation to install it. Select
VGA as the default display device. Then follow these steps to
install the new drivers:
1.
Within Windows, select Run from the file menu in the
Program Manager.
2.
Insert the Drivers diskette in drive A.
3.
Type the following command and select
A:
OK
or press Enter:
\ I Ns T A L L
4. When the INSTALL program asks you to identify your
Windows directory, press Enter to accept the default or
delete the default and type the path for your Windows
directory.
5.
Select OK or press Enter. The program copies the Windows
drivers and the SetRES utility to the program directory and
creates a SetRES utility icon in your Windows program
manager.
6.
When you see the message telling you that the drivers and
utility were successfully added, select OK or press Enter.
Configuring the Drivers
Once you have used the INSTALL program to copy the drivers
to your Windows program directory, follow these steps to
configure the drivers:
1. Open the Windows Setup icon.
2. Select Options.
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
6-3
3. Select Change System Settings.
4. Select Display.
5.
From the Display menu, select Other (Requires disk
provided by a hardware manufacturer).
6.
When the program prompts you to insert your display
driver diskette and displays the path A : \, insert the Drivers
diskette and press Enter.
You see a list of drivers and their associated resolutions.
7.
Select the driver you want and press Enter.
8. When you see Accept the configuration as shown
above, press Enter.
9.
Follow the rest of the instructions on the screen and in your
Windows documentation to complete the installation.
To change your VGA resolution, you can run the Setup
program from within Windows or you can run the SetRES
utility described in the next section.
SetRES
The SetRES utility allows you to change the screen resolution,
the number of screen colors, and the font size for Windows 3.1
applications.
Before you can use the SetRES utility, you must install the
Windows VGA drivers as described on page 6-3. As the
INSTALL program copies the drivers, it also installs the SetRES
utility in your Windows program directory and creates a
SetRES utility icon in your Windows program manager.
To start the SetRES utility, open the SetRES icon.
6-4
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
Select the resolution, font size, and number of colors you want
to use and select OK or press Enter.
Once you have changed options using the SetRES utility, you
need to restart Windows for the new settings to take effect.
IDE Drivers
The IDE drivers allow your system to take advantage of the
high-speed performance of the local bus IDE hard disk drive
interface. Installing these drivers will increase the speed with
which the system accesses the hard disk drive.
Installing the IDE Drivers
The Drivers diskette contains an installation program, called
IDESETUP, which you can use for installing the IDE drivers on
your hard disk.
Follow these steps to install the IDE drivers:
1.
Insert the Drivers diskette in drive A.
2.
Log onto drive A.
3.
Type the following and press Enter:
IDESETUP
4.
Follow the instructions on the screen to install the IDE
drivers on your hard disk.
After installing the drivers, the system reboots.
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
6-5
Note
Not all hard disk drives can take advantage of this feature.
To take advantage of the local bus IDE interface, your hard
disk drive must support a 32-bit data path that utilizes
double-word I/O. To find out whether your hard drive
utilizes double-word I/O, see the hardware specifications
for the drive or contact the vendor of the drive and request a
product specification.
6-6
Installing VGA and IDE Drivers
Chapter 7
Troubleshooting
If you have any problems as you set up and use your computer,
refer to this chapter. You can correct most problems by
adjusting a cable connection, repeating a software procedure, or
resetting the computer.
The troubleshooting suggestions in this chapter are organized
in general categories, such as “The computer will not start.”
Within each category, a more specific problem is described with
possible solutions.
If the suggestions here do not solve the problem, contact your
Epson service representative.
Identifying Your System
When you request technical assistance, be ready to provide the
serial number of your computer, its system BIOS version
number, its configuration (including the type of disk drives,
monitor, and option cards), and the names and version
numbers of any software programs you are using.
Troubleshooting 7-1
Use these guidelines to locate information about your system:
Serial number:
Look on the back panel of the
computer to find the serial number.
System BIOS version:
Restart your system. You’ll see the
system BIOS version number
displayed on the screen when your
system performs power-on
diagnostics.
System
configuration:
Start SETUP and select the System
Summary option to see your
system’s configuration.
MS-DOS version:
At the MS-DOS prompt, type VER
and press Enter to see the MS-DOS
version number.
Software versions:
In Windows applications, select
“About” from the Help menu. As
your software application starts, it
usually displays a version number
on the banner screen. Also, you can
check your application
documentation for a version
number.
CONFIG.SYS:
At the MS-DOS prompt, type
TYPE
CONFIG.SYS
and press
Enter to see a listing of your
CONFIG.SYS file. This file contains
your system configuration
information.
7-2 Troubleshooting
AUTOEXEC.BAT:
At the MS-DOS prompt, type
TYPE AUTOEXEC . BAT and press
Enter to see a listing of your
AUTOEXEC.BAT file. This file
contains your system startup
information.
The Computer Will Not Start
The power light is on, but the computer does not start.
Replace your main operating system diskette and turn on the
computer again.
Caution
If you turn off the computer, always wait at least 20 seconds
before turning it back on. This prevents damage to the
computer’s electrical circuitry.
The computer does not staff and the power right is not lit.
Make sure the power cord is securely connected to both the AC
inlet on the back panel and an electrical outlet.
The power cord is securely connected, but the computer
still does not start.
Check the electrical outlet for power. Turn off your computer
and unplug the power cord. Plug a lamp into the outlet and
turn it on.
Troubleshooting 7-3
You installed or removed system components, and now
your computer does not start.
Check to make sure you have reconnected all the internal and
external cables correctly.
You may have installed option cards that exceed the system’s
power requirements. Check the power requirements in
Appendix A.
You may have installed a SIMM incorrectly. If the system
doesn’t find memory, nothing happens. Check that your
SIMM(s) are securely installed in their sockets.
If you replace the microprocessor, make sure the new processor
chip is installed correctly. Also make sure pin 1 on the chip is
connected with pin 1 on the system board. See Chapter 4.
The Computer Does Not Respond
The computer locks up.
Wait a few moments; if your computer does not respond after a
reasonable length of time, press Ctrl Alt Del. If that doesn’t
work, press the RESET button.
You may have installed memory using SIMMs that work at the
wrong speed. Install the correct SIMMs (see Chapter 4).
Your system may have over-heated. If you are using a DX2
processor, make sure you have an adequate heat sink installed
on the chip.
you reset the computer, but if still does not respond.
Try turning the computer off, wait 20 seconds, and turn it on
again.
7-4 Troubleshooting
Your computer sudden/y stops operating.
You may have overloaded the power supply limitations. See
your option card manual(s) for the power requirements for
your option card(s). Then check Appendix A to see if you have
exceeded the option slot power limits.
Keyboard Problems
The screen displays a keyboard error message when you
turn on of reset the computer.
Make sure the keyboard is securely connected to the correct
port.
Nothing happens when you type on the keyboard.
See “The Computer Does Not Respond,” above.
The cursor keys on the numeric keypad do not work
properly.
If the Num Lock light in the upper right corner of the keyboard
is lit, press NumLock to turn off the function.
Monitor Problems
There is no display on the screen.
Check that the monitor’s power switch is on and that its power
light is on.
The power light is on, but you still do not see anything
the screen.
on
Check the brightness and contrast controls.
Troubleshooting 7-5
If you still do not see anything on the screen, make sure the
monitor is securely connected to the computer.
If you are running an application program, see if you need to
set up the program for the type of monitor and display adapter
you have. Also make sure you are using the appropriate
monitor and display adapter for your software.
Note
You must use a VGA monitor with this computer.
The power switch is on but the power light is not on.
Turn off the monitor’s power, wait five seconds, and turn it
back on.
If the light still does not come on, check the electrical outlet for
power. Turn off your monitor and unplug it from the outlet.
Then plug a lamp into the wall outlet and turn it on. If the light
turns on, your monitor may be faulty.
Diskette Problems
You see a diskette error message.
Reinsert the diskette, making sure you insert it all the way. If
the drive has a latch, turn it down to secure the diskette.
Also, check to see that you have inserted the right type of
diskette in the drive. For example, make sure you are not
inserting a high-density diskette in a double-density drive.
7-6 Troubleshooting
Reinserting the diskette does not solve the problem.
Insert the diskette in another diskette drive of the same type. If
you can read the diskette in a different drive, your drive may
be faulty.
The diskette is the right type, but you still see an error.
Check that the diskette is not write-protected, preventing the
drive from writing to the diskette.
Make sure the diskette is formatted. See your operating system
documentation for instructions on formatting diskettes.
You may have a defective diskette. Try copying the files from
the bad diskette to a new diskette.
Something is wrong with the data in the files.
If you are using MS-DOS, run CHKDSK to repair the files. You
may also be able to use special utilities or diagnostics to solve
this problem.
Diskette Drive Problems
A newly-installed diskette drive is not working properly.
Make sure you have installed the drive correctly and check all
the cable connections.
You see a diskette drive error when you start your computer.
Run the SETUP program and configure your system for the
correct type of diskette drive.
The diskette drive is making loud or unusual noises.
Contact your service representative.
Troubleshooting 7-7
Hard Disk Drive Problems
A newly-installed hard disk drive is not working properly or
ifs performance is not what you expect.
Make sure you have installed the drive correctly and check all
cable connections. Also, check the jumper settings on your
drive.
Check that you have installed the IDE drivers on your hard
disk (see Chapter 6). To take advantage of the local bus IDE
interface, your hard disk drive must support a 32-bit data path
that utilizes double-word I/O.
You see a hard disk drive error when you start your system.
Run SETUP and check that your system is auto-sensing the
correct drive type. If auto-sensing is enabled and SETUP
displays information that does not match your drive, you may
need to define your own drive type. See Chapter 2 for setup
information.
Make sure the jumpers on the system board are set correctly.
Jumper J31 enables or disables the IDE hard disk drive
controller. See Chapter 4 for jumper information.
You are unable to store data on the hard disk drive.
If your drive was not configured, make sure you have
partitioned and formatted it correctly for your operating
system. See your operating system manual for instructions.
Also, make sure your hard disk drive has been physically
formatted by the manufacturer. (All Epson-supplied drives are
physically formatted at the factory.) If it has not been physically
formatted, use the format utility that came with the drive to
format it before you partition it or install the operating system.
7-8 Troubleshooting
Note that a physical format is different from software-based
formatting commands, such as the MS-DOS FORMAT
command.
You have been using your hard disk drive successfully for
some time but notice a reduction in performance.
The data on the disk may have become fragmented. Back up all
your data and use a disk compaction utility to reorganize the
files on your disk.
Check that your IDE drivers are installed correctly (see
Chapter 6). Make sure your CONFIG.SYS has not been altered
and that it loads the IDE drivers.
If you cannot access data on your hard disk or you are seeing
read/write errors, the disk may have a physical problem.
Contact your service representative.
Password Problems
You hove forgotten your password.
You must discharge your CMOS memory. To do this, you
need to change the setting of jumper J34 to position 3-4. See
Chapter 4 for details on changing the jumper.
When you turn the computer back on after changing J34, the
SETUP values are reset to their factory defaults. Both the
Supervisor and the User passwords are disabled.
Be sure to turn off the computer and set J34 back to 2-3 before
you start work.
Troubleshooting 7-9
Software Problems
The application program does not start.
Check that you are following the correct procedure for starting
the program and that it is installed correctly. If you do not have
a hard disk, make sure the correct diskette is in the diskette
drive. If you need help, contact your software manufacturer.
The application program is having trouble reading a key
disk.
You may be running an application that requires a slower
processor speed. You need to change the turbo switch jumper,
J22. See Chapter 4 for information on changing the jumper.
Your application has locked the computer, making if
unresponsive to keyboard commands.
Reset the computer and try again. If resetting the computer
does not help, turn it off, wait 20 seconds, then turn it on again.
Some software, like OS/2,®UNIX,® or NetWare 3.11, needs a
minimum of 4MB to 8MB of RAM to work correctly. Check
your software documentation for the minimum memory
requirements. If necessary, add additional memory using the
instructions in Chapter 4.
Printer Problems
The printer does not work at all.
Check that the printer has power and is properly connected to
the computer. Also make sure your printer has paper in it.
7-10 Troubleshooting
The printer prints garbled information.
Check the printer manual for the printer’s correct DIP switch or
control panel settings.
Also, make sure you have the proper drivers installed for your
printer and make sure you’ve selected the correct printer
within your software application.
Option Card Problems
A new/y installed option curd is not working correctly.
Make sure the option card is installed correctly and is
well-seated in its slot. Run the SETUP program to update your
computer’s configuration after you install the card. Also,
perform setup procedures for any software you are using with
the option card.
See the documentation that came with the option card to set
any necessary DIP switches or jumpers on the card.
The computer may also have some jumpers that must be set for
the option card to work properly. See Chapter 4 for system
jumper information.
Your system may need to operate at the slower processor speed
to access the device. Try reducing the processor speed (see
Chapter 3).
Make sure you install option cards that meet the system’s
power requirements. See Appendix A for power requirements.
Note
You cannot install an optional video display card in this
computer.
Troubleshooting
7-11
An external device connected to the option curd is not
working correctly.
Make sure you are using the proper cable to connect the device
to the card.
Memory Module Problems
The memory count displayed by the power-on diagnostics
program is incorrect.
You may have installed the SIMMs incorrectly. They may be
the wrong type or speed, or they may not be inserted all the
way. See Chapter 4 for information on installing SIMMs.
If you have installed a gold-plated SIMM in one of the sockets,
the socket may have corroded slightly. Remove the SIMM and
clean the gold-plated connection; then reinstall the SIMM.
Mouse Problems
Your mouse isn’t working properly or you see an auxiliary
device error message.
Make sure the mouse cable is securely connected to the MOUSE
port. Also make sure you installed the mouse driver correctly
(if necessary). See the documentation that came with your
mouse for instructions. (You don’t need to install a mouse
driver for Windows 3.1.)
7-12 Troubleshooting
Controller Problems
You see a controller error for the hard disk drive controller
or the I/O port controllers when you start your system.
The indicated controller on your system board may be faulty.
If you have an option card with a controller that will work with
your device, you can install it and change the jumper settings
on the system board to disable the built-in controller. You can
then continue to use your system until it is convenient for you
to have it serviced.
External Cache Problems
The cache displayed by the power-on diagnostics program
is incorrect.
You may have installed the external cache chips incorrectly.
They may be the wrong type, or they may not be inserted all
the way.
Also, you may not have changed the SETUP program or the
jumpers to recognize the new cache. Make sure you have set
the External cache option to Enabled and set both the
System shadow and the Video shadow options to
Enabled.
See Chapter 4 for instructions on changing the jumper settings
or information on installing external cache; see Chapter 2 for
instructions on using the SETUP program.
Troubleshooting
7-13
Appendix A
Specifications
CPU and Memory
32-bif CPU
Intel 486SX/25, 486SX/33, 486DX/33,
486DX2/50, or 486DX2/66 microprocessor
System speed
Fast and slow speeds available; fast is the
speed of the microprocessor, slow is
8 MHz; speed selection through keyboard
commands or jumper setting
Memory
4MB RAM standard on a SIMM;
expandable to 64MB using lMB, 2MB,
4MB, 8MB, 16MB, and 32MB SIMMs;
SIMMs must be tin-plated, 72-pin, 32-bit or
36-bit, fast-page mode type with access
speed of 80ns (with 1 wait state) or 70ns or
faster (with 0 wait state)
ROM
128KB system BIOS, video BIOS, and
SETUP code located in EPROM on main
system board
Video RAM
1MB DRAM on main system board;
expandable to 2MB using two ZIP chips
Shadow RAM
Supports shadowing of system and video
BIOS ROM into RAM
Cache
8KB of internal cache; supports 64KB,
128KB, or 256KB of external cache using
28-pin, 8 x 8, 20ns DIP chips or 28-pin,
32 x 8, 20ns DIP chips
Specifications A-1
Math
coprocessor
On DX and DX2 systems, math
coprocessor built into the microprocessor
Clock/
Real-time clock, calendar, and CMOS
RAM socketed on main system board with
built-in battery backup
calendar
Controllers
Video
Super VGA high-speed local bus with
True Color support; provides resolutions
up to 1280 x 1024 in 256 colors
Diskette
Controller on main system board supports
up to two diskette drives or one diskette
drive and one tape drive
Hard disk
High-speed, 32-bit local bus IDE interface
on main system board supports up to two
IDE hard disk drives with built-in
controller; BIOS provides hard disk
auto-sensing function
Interlaces
Monitor
VGA interface for fixed or multi-frequency
monitor built into system board; 15-pin,
D-shell connector
Parallel
One standard B-bit parallel interface built
into main system board; 25-pin, D-shell
connector
Serial
Two RS-232C, programmable,
asynchronous interfaces built into main
system board; 9-pin, D-shell connectors
A-2 Specifications
Keyboard
PS/2 compatible keyboard interface built
into main system board; 6-pin, mini DIN
connector
Mouse
PS/2 compatible mouse interface built into
main system board; 6-pin mini DIN
connector
Option slots
Three 16-bit, full-length and two B-bit,
half-length I/O expansion slots, ISA
compatible, 8.33 MHz bus speed
Speaker
Internal
Muss storage
Internal mounts:
Two 3½-inch wide, half-height drives
Externally accessible mounts:
One 3½-inch wide, third-height drive and
one 5¼-inch wide, half-height drive
Diskette drives
Your system supports the following
diskette drives:
3.5-inch diskette drive, 1.44MB
(high-density) storage capacity
5.25-inch diskette drive, 1.2MB
(high-density) storage capacity
3.5-inch diskette drive, 720KB
(double-density) storage capacity
5.25-inch diskette drive, 360KB
(double-density) storage capacity
Specifications A-3
Hard disk
drives
3½-inch form factor hard disk drive(s), up
to half-height size; maximum of two drives
Epson IDE hard disk drives are available
in BOMB, 120MB, 170MB, 240MB, 250MB,
and 340MB
Other devices
Half-height tape drive, CD-ROM, or other
storage device; 5¼-inch or 3½-inch with
mounting frames
Physical Characteristics
Width
15.6 inches (396 mm)
Depth
14.5 inches (368 mm)
Height
4.1 inches (104 mm)
Weight
15 lb (6.8 kg), without drives or keyboard
Power Supply
65 Watt, UL listed, fan-cooled
Input ranges
90 to 260 VAC
Maximum
outputs
+5 VDC at 7.5 Amps,
-5 VDC at 0.3 Amps,
+12 VDC at 2.0 Amps,
-12 VDC at 0.3 Amps
frequency
47 to 63 Hz
A-4 Specifications
Option Slot Power limits (Total)
Maximum current
+5 volts
- 5 Volts
+12 volts
-12 Volts
For all slots
4.6 Amps
0.1 Amps
1.8 Amps
0.1 Amps
Environmental Requirements
Condition
Non-operating
Operating range range
Storage range
Temperature
41° to 90°F
(5° to 32° C)
-4° to 140° F
(-20° to 60° C)
-4° to 140°F
(-20° to 60° C)
Humidity (noncondensing)
20% to 90%
l0% to 90%
10% to 90%
Altitude
-330 to 9,900 ft
(-100 to 3,000 m)
-330 to 39,600 ft
(-100 to 12,000 m)
-330 to 39,600 ft
(-100 to 12,000 m)
Tested Operating Environments
Although your system will run most software applications,
the following operating environments have been tested for
compatibility with your system. As new environments become
available, these also will be tested.
MS-DOS 3.1 to 5.0 and 6.0
DR DOS® 6.0
Novell@ NetWare* 2.2, 3.11, and 4.0
Novell NetWare Lite 1.1
OS/22.1
SCO UNIX
Windows 3.1
Windows for WorkGroups
l
Certified as Workstation tested as File server
Your system has also received Novell’s “Yes, NetWare tested
and approved” certification as a workstation.
Specifications A-5
Options Available from Epson
The following list represents the options available for this
product from Epson. Other options are available from other
vendors. Call your nearest marketing location for more
information on specific options.
Options
Option
Product
Product code
14" VGA monochrome monitor
A880611
14" VGA color monitor, 0.39 mm
A804321
Peripheral devices
Monitors
14" Extended color VGA monitor
A804211
17" Professional Series monitor
A804241
20" Professional Series monitor
A804341
101 USA
A800181
102 International language
Several
6-pin PS/2-type mouse
A880282
Additional diskette
drives
5.25" 1.2MB FDD
A811371
3.5" 1.44MB FDD
A811381
Hard disk drives
80MB HDD w/embedded AT controller
A812001
120MB HDD w/embedded AT controller
A811951
170MB HDD w/embedded At controller
A880861
Keyboards
Mouse
Mass storage devices
Tape backup drive
240MB HDD w/embedded At controller
A811991
340MB HDD w/embedded At controller
A880911
Epson 250 MB tape backup unit
A811613
Memory expansion kits
System memory
4MB SIMM memory expansion kit
A880801
8MB SIMM memory expansion kit
A880811
160MB SIMM memory expansion kit
A880821
Processor upgrade kits
486SX/33
486SX/33 processor
A880722
486DX/33
486DX/33 processor
A880732
486DX2/50
486DX2/50 processor, heat sink
A880742
486DX2/66
486DX2/66 processor, heat sink
A880752
A-6 Specifications
Options (continued)
Option
Product
Product code
Epson LX-810, narrow carriage
CO16231
Printers
9-pin
24-pin
Lasers
Ink jet
ActionPrinter 2250. narrow carriage
C100011
FX-870, narrow carriage
C094001
FX-1170, wide carriage
C09500l
DFX-5000, wide carriage
C112001
DFX-8000. wide carriage
C030001
ActionPrinter 3250, narrow carriage
C092011
LQ-570. narrow carriage
C062001
LQ-860. narrow carriage
C035031
LQ-870, narrow carriage
C060021
LQ-1070, wide carriage
C063001
LQ-1170, wide carriage
C061021
LQ-2550, wide carriage
L752
EPL-8000
C09001
ActionLaser 1000
C108001
ActionLaser 1000 (2MB)
C108001-2
ActionLaser 1500
C108101
Stylus 800 Ink Jet Printer
Cl06001
Microsoft Windows 3.1,3.5” diskettes
300013500
Software
Epson MS-DOS 6.0, 3.5" diskettes
A880382
Epson MS-DOS 5.0, 5.25" diskettes
A807162
Epson MS-DOS 5.0, 3.5" diskettes
A807172
Epson OS/2, version 2.0
A807062
Specifications A-7
Hard Disk Drive Types
Hard disk drive types
Type
Size*
(MB)
Cylinders
Heads
Sectors/
Track
Landing
Zone
Write Precomp
1
10
306
4
17
305
128
2
21
615
4
17
615
300
3
32
615
6
17
615
300
4
65
940
8
17
940
512
5
49
940
6
17
940
512
6
21
615
4
17
615
None
7
32
462
8
17
511
256
8
31
733
5
17
733
None
9
117
900
15
17
901
None
10
21
820
3
17
820
None
11
37
855
5
17
855
None
12
52
855
7
17
855
None
13
21
306
8
17
319
128
14
44
733
7
17
733
None
16
21
612
4
17
633
0
17
42
977
5
17
977
300
18
59
977
7
17
977
None
19
62
1024
7
17
1023
512
20
31
733
5
17
732
300
21
44
733
7
17
732
300
22
31
733
5
17
733
300
23
10
306
4
17
336
0
24
21
612
4
17
633
305
612
2
17
612
300
25
10
A-8 Specifications
Hard disk drive types (continued)
*
Type
Size*
(MB)
cylinders
Heads
Sectors/
Track
Landing
Zone
Write Precomp
26
21
614
4
17
614
None
27
42
820
6
17
820
None
28
42
977
5
17
977
None
29
336
1218
15
36
1218
None
30
159
1224
15
17
1224
None
31
71
823
10
17
823
512
32
42
809
6
17
809
128
33
50
830
7
17
830
None
34
72
830
10
17
830
None
35
44
1024
5
17
1024
None
36
71
1024
8
17
1024
None
37
42
615
8
17
615
128
38
109
1024
8
26
1024
None
39
72
925
9
17
925
None
40
80
1024
9
17
1023
None
41
119
918
15
17
917
None
42
133
1024
15
17
1023
None
43
143
823
10
34
822
None
44
84
969
5
34
968
None
45
118
969
7
34
968
None
Actual formatted size may be slightly different than size on drive label; you
cannot change this value.
Specifications
A-9
Epson-supplied hard disk drive types
Epson drive options
Cyl
Hd
Pre
LZ
Sec
Size*
(MB)
80MB (Conner CP30084E)
903
4
0
902
4 6
81
120MB (Conner CP30104H)
762
8
0
761
39
115
170MB (Conner CP30174E)
903
8
0
902
46
162
170MB (Quantum ELS170AT)
1011
15
-1
1010
22
170
240MB (Quantum LPS240AT)
723
13
-1
722
51
234
250MB (Conner CP30254)
895
10
0
894
55
254
340MB (Conner CP30344)
655
16
0
654
63
343
Actual formatted size may be slightly different than size on drive label
A-10 Specifications
Connector Pin Assignments
Parallel Port Connector (CN3)
Parallel port connector pin assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Storbe
10
ACK*
19
Signal ground
2
Data 0
11
Busy
20
Signal ground
3
Data 1
12
PE
21
Signal ground
4
Data 2
13
Select
22
Signal ground
5
Data 3
14
Auto*
23
Signal ground
6
Data 4
15
Error*
24
Signal ground
7
Data 5
16
Init*
25
Signal ground
8
Data 6
17
Selectin*
9
Data 7
18
Signal ground
*Active low logic
Specifications A-11
Serial Port Connectors (CN4 and CN5)
Serial port connector pin assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Data carrier detect
6
Data set ready
2
Receive data
7
Request to send
3
Transmit data
8
Clear to send
4
Data terminal ready
9
Ring indicator
5
Ground
Keyboard and Mouse Connectors (CN7 and CN6)
Although the keyboard and mouse connectors are physically
identical, they cannot be used interchangeably.
Keyboard and mouse connector pin assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Data
4
+5 VDC
2
Reserved
5
Clock
3
Ground
6
Reserved
A-12 Specifications
VGA Porf Connector (CN2)
VGA port connector pin assignments
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
Pin
Signal
1
Red
6
red ground
11
NC
2
Green
7
Green ground
12
Monitor detect
3
Blue
8
Blue ground
13
Horizontal sync
4
NC
9
NC
14
Vertical sync
Ground
10
GND
15
NC
5
DMA Assignments
DMA assignments
level
Assigned device
DMAO
Reserved (8-bit)
DMAl
Reserved (8-bit)
DMA2
FDD controller (8-bit)
DMA3
Reserved (8-bit)
DMA4
Cascade for DMA controller 1
DMA5
Reserved (16-bit)
DMA6
Reserved (16-bit)
DMA7
Reserved (16-bit)
Specifications A-13
Hardware In tempts
Hardware interrupts
IRQ no.
Function
IRQ0
Timer output
IRQl
Keyboard
IRQ2
Cascade from IRQ controller 2
IRQ3
Serial port 2
IRQ4
Serial port 1
IRQ5
Parallel port 2
IRQ6
FDD controller
IRQ7
Parallel port 1
IRQ8
Real-time clock
IRQ9
Reserved
IRQl0
Reserved
IRQ11
Reserved
IRQ12
PS/2 mouse
IRQ13
Math coprocessor
IRQ14
HDD controller
IRQ15
Reserved
A-14 Specifications
System Memory Map
000FFFFFFh
System BIOS ROM: 64KB
Duplicated from 0F0000h
000FFF0000h
for system board: 64KB
Duplicated from 0E0000h
Reserved
000FE0000h
64MB
(Maximum
system
memory)
Extended memory
00100000h
1MB
System BIOS ROM: 64KB
Default Shadow RAM duplicated at FF0000h
000F0000h
Unused or I/O expansion ROM: 160KB
Reserved for ROM on I/O adapters
000C8000h
000C0000h
VGA BIOS ROM: 32KB
Default Shadow RAM
000B8000h
VGA text
(color): 32KB
000B0000h
Unused or VGA text
(monochrome): 32KB
Video memory: 64KB
Reserved for graphics display buffer
OOOAOOOOh
640KB
Conventional system memory 640KB
00000000h
Specifications A-15
System I/O Address Map
System I/O address map
Hex address
Assigned device
000-01F
DMA controller 1, 8237
020-03F
Interrupt controller 1, 8259, master
022-024
Chip set configuration register
040-05F
timer, 8254
060-06F
Keyboard controller, 8042
070-07F
(CMOS)
Real-time clock NMI (non-maskable interrupt) mask
080-09F
DMA page register, 74LS612
0A0-0BF
Interrupt controller 2, 8259A
0B4, 0BB
AD12 control register
0BC
AD12 control register
0C0-0DF
DMA controller 2, 8237
0F0
Clear math coprocessor busy
0F1
Reset math coprocessor
0F8-0FF
Math coprocessor
1F0-1F8
Hard disk
200-207
Game I/O
278-27F
Parallel printer port 2
2B0-2DF
Alternate enhanced graphics adapter
2E1
GPIB (adapter 0)
2E2, 2E3
Data acquisition (adapter 0)
2F8-2FF
Serial port 2
300-31F
Prototype card
360-363
PC network (low address)
368-36B
PC network (high address)
A-16 Specifications
System I/O address map (continued)
Hex address
Assigned device
378-37F
Parallel printer port 1
380-38F
SDLC, bisynchronous 2
390-393
Cluster
3A0-3AF
SDLC, bisynchronous 1
3B0-3BF
Monochrome display and printer adapter
3C0-3CF
Enhanced graphics adapter
3D0-3DF
Color graphics monitor adapter
3F0-3F7
FDD controller
3F8 - 3FF
Serial port 1
6E2, 6E3
Data acquisition (adapter 1)
790-793
Cluster (adapter 1)
AE2, AE3
Data acquisition (adapter 2)
B90, B93
Cluster (adapter 2)
EE2, EE3
Data acquisition (adapter 3)
1390 -1393
Cluster (adapter 3)
22E1
GPIB (adapter 1)
2390 - 2393
Cluster (adapter 4)
43E1
GPIB (adapter 2)
62E1
GPIB (adapter 3)
82E1
GPIB (adapter 4)
A2El
GPIB (adapter 5)
C2E11
GPIB (adapter 6)
E2E1
GPIB (adapter 7)
Specifications A-17
Glossary
Access speed
The time it takes for a device, such as memory or a disk drive,
to return data. For example, your computer’s SIMMs return
data requested by the microprocessor at an access speed of 70ns.
Address
The location where information is stored in a computer’s
memory.
AUTOEXEC.BAT file
The batch file your computer runs automatically whenever you
load MS-DOS. It configures the installed system devices and
sets various user preferences. See also Batch file.
Base memory
See Conventional memo y.
Batch file
A file that executes commands automatically. Batch files are
text files with the filename extension .BAT. When you type the
filename, the operating system sequentially executes the
commands in that file.
BIOS
Basic Input/Output System. Routines in ROM (Read Only
Memory) that handle the transfer of information among
various hardware components, and between the hardware and
your operating system.
Glossary 1
Boot
The process a computer performs to check its components and
then load the operating system into memory.
Bus
A wire or group of wires that sends information between
components in the computer. The speed of a bus increases by
the number and width of the channels the bus uses to move
data.
Cache
A high-speed memory buffer that stores frequently used data
where your microprocessor can access it faster. Your computer
includes 8KB of internal cache expandable to 256KB with
external cache chips. See also External cache and Internal cache.
CMOS
Complementary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor. A low-power
silicon chip used for RAM and switching applications that is
backed up by a battery.
Conventional memory
The memory in the computer below 1MB that is available to
MS-DOS and application programs-usually 640KB. Also
called base memory or main memory.
Coprocessor
See Math coprocessor.
Copy-protected program
A program containing a software “lock” that prevents it from
being copied. See also Key disk.
2 Glossary
CPU
Central Processing Unit. The primary device that interprets
instructions, performs tasks, keeps track of stored data, and
controls input and output operations. See also Microprocessor.
Device driver
A file containing instructions that allow your computer to
recognize and communicate with a device. The device may be a
printer, monitor, or other type of device.
Display adapter curd
A circuit board that controls the way a monitor displays text
and graphics, normally installed in an option slot. Also called
video card. This computer does not support optional display
adapter cards. (A VGA display adapter is built into your
computer’s main system board.)
Expanded memory
Memory that specially written MS-DOS programs can use
when an expanded memory manager program maps that
memory into an accessible area.
Extended memory
Memory above 1MB that is accessed by 386 or 486
microprocessors when they are operating in protected or
virtual mode. This memory is available to OS/2 programs, but
is available to MS-DOS only if an extended memory manager
program is installed. See also Expanded memo y.
External cache
Optional cache chips you can install on the system board to
increase cache memory.
Glossary 3
IDE
Integrated Drive Electronics. A type of hard disk drive interface
in which the controller is on the drive instead of on a controller
card. Your computer includes an interface on the main system
board for up to two IDE hard disk drives.
Internal cache
Cache memory built into your microprocessor. Your computer
includes 8KB of internal cache.
Jumper
A small moveable plug that connects two pins on a device’s
circuit board. Jumpers alter the operation of a particular
function.
Key disk
A diskette containing a copy-protected program that must
remain in a diskette drive while you use the program. See also
Copy-protected program.
Kilobyte (KB)
A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s memory
or on a disk. One kilobyte equals 1024 bytes.
Local bus
An internal bus that controls the connections from the
microprocessor to the VGA and IDE interfaces on this
computer. Local bus provides increased performance and
speed. See also Bus.
4 Glossary
Main system board
The circuit board inside your computer containing the circuitry
and components your computer needs to operate.
Math coprocessor
A device that enables the computer to process mathematical
calculations faster by using floating point numbers instead of
whole numbers.
Megabyte (MB)
A unit used to measure storage space in a computer’s memory
or on a disk. One megabyte equals 1024KB (kilobytes).
Megahertz (MHz)
A unit used to measure oscillation frequency, such as that of a
computer’s internal clock. A megahertz is one million cycles
per second.
Memory module
A small circuit board, commonly called a SIMM (single inline
memory module), that contains surface-mounted memory
chips. You can add memory modules to the main system board
to expand your computer’s memory.
Microprocessor
A small CPU on one semiconductor chip. See also CPU.
Numeric keypad
The number and cursor control keys grouped together on the
right side of the keyboard. The operation of the dual-use keys
on the numeric keypad is controlled by the NumLock key.
Glossary 5
Parallel
An interface that transmits data simultaneously over separate
wires in a cable. See also Serial.
Pathname
The directory name(s) you specify to locate a file. For example,
the pathname for the file SALES, stored in the subdirectory
BUSINESS, is \BUSINESS\SALES.
Power-on diagnostics
Tests stored in a computer’s ROM that the computer runs to
check its internal circuitry, peripheral device configuration, and
operating status each time you turn it on or reset it.
Processor speed
See Operating speed.
RAM
Random Access Memory. The area of the computer’s memory
used to run programs and store data while you work. All data
in RAM is erased when you turn off or reset the computer.
Read/write head
The physical device inside a disk or tape drive that reads data
from and writes data to the magnetic surface of the disk or tape.
Real-time clock
A clock inside the computer that keeps track of the time and
date, even when the computer is turned off, by using power
from a backup battery.
6 Glossary
Refresh rate
The frequency with which a monitor can redraw a screen
image. The faster the refresh rate, the less the screen will flicker.
Reset
To restart a computer without turning it off. You can reset your
computer by pressing Ctrl Alt Del. Resetting erases all data
stored in RAM and reloads your operating system.
ROM
Read Only Memory. Memory that can only be read and cannot
be modified. ROM retains its contents even when you turn off
the computer by using power from a backup battery.
Roof directory
The main directory in a hierarchical disk directory structure.
All other directories are subdirectories of the root directory.
RS-232C
A standard type of serial communication. You can connect an
RS-232C device to either of the computer’s RS-232C serial ports.
Serial
The type of communication that transmits data from a serial
interface to a serial device over a single wire. See also Parallel.
Shadow RAM
The feature in your computer that copies the contents of the
system, video, and external BIOS ROMs into the RAM area of
memory to speed up processing.
Glossary 7
SIMM
See Memo y module.
Subdirectory
In a hierarchical disk directory structure, a group of files in a
directory within another directory or the root directory.
True Color
A VGA feature that supports 24-bit-per-pixel color, which
enables your VGA interface to display 16.8 million colors. The
screen image looks more like a photograph than a traditional
computer image.
Vesa
Video Electronic Standards Association. The standards set for a
common hardware and software interface to super VGA video
adapters; provides simplified software application access to
VGA products.
VGA
Video Graphics Array. A high-resolution display adapter that
provides a variety of video modes. Your computer’s built-in
VGA controller supports resolutions up to 1280 x 1024 on a
compatible monitor, depending on the amount of video RAM.
Video curd
See Display adapter card.
8 Glossary
Write-protect
To protect the data on a diskette from being changed by setting
the write-protect switch on a 3.5-inch diskette or by placing a
write-protect tab over the notch on a 5.25-inch diskette. You
cannot change data on a write-protected diskette.
ZIf socket
Zero Insertion Force. The type of socket on your system board
that holds the microprocessor. With this type of socket, it is
easy to remove and install processor chips.
ZIP chip
Zig-zag Inline Package. The type of optional video memory
chip you can install on the system board. On this type of chip,
the pins alternate in a zig-zag pattern rather than symetrically.
Glossary 9
Index
A
AC power inlet, 1-5-6,7-3
Advanced Chipset Control option,
2-7
Advanced System Setup option,
2-6-8
Altitude, A-5
Analog VGA input, 6-1
Application programs
available options, A-7
compatibility, A-5
copy protected, 3-6
IDE drivers, Intro-3,2-6,6-1, 6-5-6,
7-8-9
installing, 2-12
problems, 7-10
requiring slow speed, 3-6
running under MS-DOS, 2-4
stopping, 3-2
version number, 7-2
VGA drivers, 6-1-5
Auto-sensing, 2-5, 7-B, A-2
AUTOEXEC.BAT tile, 7-3
Autotype Fixed Disk option, 2-5
B
Back panel, 1-3, 4-2
Banks
cache, 4-24-25
SIMM socket, 4-10
Base memory, 2-4
Battery, 2-1, 4-7, A-2
BIOS, Intro-1-2,2-1,2-4,4-5,7-1-2,
A-1, A-15
Boot options, 2-8-10
Booting system, 2-2, 2-4,2-11
Brightness, 1-9, 7-5
Buttons
diskette release, 3-1-2
Pause, 1-9,3-2
power, 1-7-8
RESET, 1-7, 3-3-5, 7-1
C
Cable
diskette drive, 5-16-19
hard disk drive, 5-2-7, 5-13, 5-17
monitor, 1-34
power supply, 5-4, 5-6-7, 5-16-18
printer, 1-5
serial device, 1-6
Cache memory
banks, 4-24-25
configuration, 4-23-24
configuring, 2-6
external, 2-6, 4-5, 4-23-26
installing, 4-23-26
internal, Intro-1, A-1
jumpers, 4-8, 4-23-26
location, 4-5
problems with, 7-13
setting in SETUP, 4-25
sockets, 4-5, 4-22, 4-24
upgrades, Intro-3
Card, see Option cards
CD-ROM, Intro-4,5-1, 5-13, A-4
Chipset registers, 2-7-8
CHKDSK command, 7-7
Clock, real-time, 2-3, A-2
Clock speed, CPU, 4-7
CMOS memory, 4-7, A-2
CMOS RAM, 2-1-2,2-11
Command prompt, 1-9
COMn port, see Serial ports
Index
1
Configuration
cache, 4-23-24
cache memory, 2-6
changing, 2-1-2, 2-11
drive, 2-4, 5-20
files, 4-29, 7-2, 7-9
SIMM, 2-4, 4-10
system, 7-1
Connecting
keyboard, 1-3
monitor, 1-4-5
mouse, 1-3-4, 1-6
power cord, 1-6
printer, 1-5-6
Connector
diskette drive, 5-16-17
hard disk drive, 5-5-7
keyboard, 1-3, A-12
monitor, 1-3-5, A-13
mouse, 1-34, A-12
printer, 1-5-6, A-11
serial device, 1-6, A-12
VGA port, 1-3-5, A-13
Connector board, option card, see
Option card connector board
Connector pin assignments,
A-11-13
Contrast, 1-9,7-5
Control panel settings, 7-11
Controller
diskette drive, 4-7, A-2
hard disk drive, 4-7, A-2
parallel port, A-2
problems, 7-13
VGA, Intro-2, A-2
Conventional memory, 2-4
Coprocessor, math, Intro-1,
Intro-4, A-2
Cover
removing, 4-2-3
replacing, 4-4
2
Index
CPU
clock speed, 4-7
jumpers, 4-8
replacing, 4-27-29
socket, 4-26
specifications, A-1
speed, see Processor speed
upgrading, Intro-4, 4-26, A-6
CTRL ALT +, 3-6
CTRL ALT -, 3-6
CTRL ALT DEL, 3-3, 3-5, 7-4
CTRL BREAK, 3-2
CTRL C, 3-2
Cursor, 2-2
Customer support, Intro-6-7
D
Data, losing, 3-2
Date, setting, 2-3
Daylight savings time, 2-3
DB-9P connector, 1-6
Default settings, 2-11
Depth, computer, A-4
Diagnostics, power-on, 1-8,7-12
Disk compaction utility, 7-9
Diskette(s)
defective, 7-7
formatted, 7-7
inserting, 3-1
key, 3-6, 7-10
label, 3-1-2
metal shutter, 3-1
problems, 7-6
release button, 3-1-2
removing, 1-10, 3-1
type, 7-6
write-protected, 7-7
Diskette drive
accessing, 2-9-10, 3-5
bays, 1-7, 4-5, 5-1, 5-13-15, 5-18
cable, 5-16-19
caution, 5-17
Diskette drive
configuration, 2-4, 5-20, 7-7
connector, 5-16-17
controller, 4-7, A-2
controlling access, 2-9-10
errors, 7-7
faulty, 7-7
installing, 5-1-20
jumper, 4-7
latch, 3-2, 7-6
light, 1-7, 3-2
power cable, 5-16-18, 7-7
problems, 7-7
protective card, 1-8
removing, 5-18
types, 5-2, A-3
Display adapters, 2-4, 6-1
Display option, SETUP, 2-4
DMA assignments, A-13
DOS, see MS-DOS
Double-word I/O, 6-6, 7-8
DRAM, 2-8
DRAM video chips
installing, 4-21
type, 4-21, A-1
Drivers
configuring, 6-3-4
IDE, Intro-3,2-6,6-1, 6-5-6, 7-8-9
mouse, 1-4, 7-12
printer, 7-11
VGA, Intro-3,2-12,6-1-5
Windows, 6-1-4
Drives, see Diskette drive or
Hard disk drive
E
EGA/VGA, 2-4
Electric shock, 1-6, 4-3
Electrical
circuitry, 1-8,7-3
outlet, 1-5-6,7-3
Electromagnetic interference, 1-2
Electronic Bulletin Board, Intro-3
Environmental
conditions, 1-1
requirements, A-5
Epson Connection, Intro-6-7
Errors
diskette drive, 7-7
hard disk drive, 7-8
keyboard, 7-5
read/write, 7-9
Extended
memory, 2-4, A-15
VGA, Intro-3, 2-12
External cache, 2-6, 4-5, 4-23-26
External device problems, 7-12
F
Faceplate
removing, 5-14
replacing, 5-18
Factory default settings, 2-11
Fast processor speed, 3-6-7, A-1
Files, repairing, 7-7
Fixed Disk Setup option, 2-5
Formatting
diskettes, 7-7
hard disk drive, 7-8
Frequency, power supply, A-4
Full-length option slots, A-3
Function keys, SETUP, 2-2-3
G
Grounding
plate, 5-3
yourself, 4-3, 4-22, 4-27
Guiderail, 5-3
H
Half-length option slots, A-3
Hard disk drive
access light, 1-7
auto-sensing, 2-5, 7-8, A-2
available options, A-6
bays, 4-5,5-1-2,5-12-13
Index 3
Hard disk drive
cable, 5-2-7, 5-13, 5-17
configuration, 5-20
connecting cables, 5-4, 5-6
connector, 5-5-7
controller, 4-7, A-2
double-word I/O, 6-6, 7-8
Epson-supplied, A-10
errors, 7-8
formatting, 7-8
installing, Intro-4,5-1-20
jumpers, 5-2, 5-11, 7-8
light, 1-7
local bus, Intro-1, 6-1, 6-5-6, 7-8,
A-2
master, 5-11
physical format, 7-8
preformatted, 2-5
problems, 7-8
removing, 5-13, 5-18
SETUP option, 2-5
slave, 5-11
types, 5-2, A-8-10
user-defined, 2-5-6
Hardware
interrupts, A-14
registers, 6-2
Heat sink
installing, 4-29
removing, 4-27
Height, computer, A-4
Help screen, SETUP, 2-2
Help, where to get, Intro-6-7
High-speed video memory, 6-2,
A-2
Humidity, A-5
I
I/O
expansion slots, A-3
problems, 7-13
IDE drivers, Intro-3,2-6,6-1, 6-5-6,
7-8-9
4
Index
IDE hard disk drive, A-4
controller, 4-7, A-2
interface, 6-1, 6-5-6
Indicator lights
diskette drive, 3-2
power, 1-7,7-3,7-5
speed, 1-7, 3-6
TURBO, 1-7,3-6
Inlet, AC power, 1-5-6,7-3
Input ranges, power supply, A-4
Interference, electromagnetic, 1-2
Interlaced
monitor, Intro-2
resolutions, 6-2
Internal cache, Intro-1; A-1; see also
Cache memory
Internal components, 4-5
International marketing locations,
Intro-6
J
Jumpers
cache, 4-8, 4-23-26
changing settings, 4-6-9
CPU, 4-8
diskette drive controller, 4-7
hard disk drive, 5-2, 5-11, 7-8
location, 4-5-6
parallel port, 4-7
port settings, 4-7
processor type settings, 4-8
serial ports, 4-7
K
K/B port, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3, A-12
Key disk, 3-6, 7-10
Keyboard
available options, A-6
checking connections, 7-5
connecting, 1-3
connector, 1-3, A-12
errors, 7-5
num lock, 7-5
Keyboard
port, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3, A-12
problems, 7-5
PS/2 compatible, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3,
A-12
specifications, A-3
Keypad, numeric, 3-6, 7-5
Keys, SETUP function, 2-2-3
L
Local bus
hard disk drive, Intro-1, 6-1, 6-5-6,
7-8, A-2
IDE hard disk interface, Intro-3,
6-1, 6-5-6, 7-8, A-2
video, Intro-1, Intro-3,6-1, A-2
Location, choosing, 1-1
Low processor speed, 3-6
Low-level format, 7-8
LPTn, see Parallel port
M
Main system board, see System
board
Mass storage, Intro-2, Intro-4,5-1,
A-3-4, A-6
Master hard disk drive, 5-11
Math coprocessor, Intro-1, Intro-4,
A-2
Memory
banks, 4-10-11
base, 2-4
cache, see Cache memory
clearing, 3-3
CMOS RAM, 2-1, A-2
configuration, 4-10-11
conventional, 2-4
expansion kits, A-6
extended, 2-4, A-15
installing, Intro-3, 4-10-12
insufficient, 7-10
modules, see SIMMs
problems, 7-12
Memory
RAM, Intro-1-3,2-4, A-1-2
removing, 4-13-14
ROM, 2-1, 2-7, 2-11, A-1
SIMMs, see SIMMs
size, 2-4
standard, A-1
system, Intro-1-3,1-8,2-1,24,2-7,
A-1, A-6
system map, A-15
video see Video memory
Memory Cache option, 2-6
Memory shadow, configuring, 2-7
Messages, error, 1-9,7-5-9,7-13
Microprocessor, see CPU
Microsoft Windows, see Windows
Modem, Intro-2, 1-6
Monitor
available options, A-6
brightness, 1-9, 7-5
cables, 1-3-4
connecting, 1-4-5
connector, 1-3-5, A-13
contrast, 1-9,7-5
interlaced, Intro-2
multifrequency, 6-1
non-interlaced, Intro-2
power cord, 1-4, 7-6
power switch, 7-6
problems, 7-5
reconnecting, 4-4
turning off, 1-10, 4-2
turning on, 1-8
VGA, 1-4-5, 6-1-2, 7-6
VGA port, Intro-1, 1-3-4,2-4, A-13
Mouse
connecting, 1-3-4, 1-6
connector, 1-3-4, A-12
driver, 1-4, 7-12
port, Intro-1, 1-34,7-12
PS/2 compatible, Intro-1-3, A-3,
A-12
specifications, A-3, A-6
Index
5
MS-DOS, 2-4, 4-7
N
NetWare, 2-6, A-5
Non-interlaced
monitor, Intro-2
resolutions, 6-2
Non-operating range, A-5
Num lock, 7-5
Numeric coprocessor, Intro-1,
intro-4, A-2
Numeric keypad, 3-6, 7-5
0
Operating range, A-5
Operating system
diskette, 3-3, `7-3
installing, 1-9,2-12
MS-DOS, 2-4, 4-7
prompt, 1-9
reloading, 3-3
version number, 7-2
Option card connector board
locating, 4-5
removing, 4-18-19
replacing, 4-20
Option cards
B-bit, Intro-1, 4-14-15
16-bit, Intro-1, 4-14-15
connector board, 4-5, 4-18-20
connectors, 4-17
DIP switches, 7-11
display adapter, 2-4
installing, Intro-3, 4-14-18
power requirements, 4-15, 7-11
problems, 7-11
removing, 4-8, 4-18
video, 2-4
Option slots
cover, 4-15
length, Intro-1, A-3
power limits, 4-15, 7-5, A-5
6
Index
Optional equipment, 1-2, 4-1
Optional memory, installing, 4-21
Outlet, electrical, 1-5-6,7-3
P
Parallel port
connecting, 1-5-6
connector, A-11
controller, A-2
location, 1-3
reassigning, 4-7
Password
option, Intro-2
problems, 7-9
Supervisor, 2-9-10, 3-4-5
User, 2-9-10, 3-4-5
using, 3-4-5
Password protection, 2-9-10
Pause button, 1-9, 3-2
Physical format, hard disk, 7-8
Port
keyboard, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3, A-12
location, 1-3
mouse, Intro-1, 1-34,7-12
parallel, Intro-1, 1-3, 1-5-6, 4-7,
A-2, A-11
serial, Intro-1, 1-3, 1-5-6, 4-7, A-2,
A-12
VGA, Intro-1, 1-3-4,2-4, A-13
Post-installation procedures, 4-29
Power
button, 1-7-8
inlet, AC, 1-5-6,7-3
light, 1-7,7-3,7-5
Power cable
computer, 1-5-7,4-2,4-4
diskette drive, 5-16-18, 7-7
hard disk drive, 5-6-7
monitor, 1-4,7-6
Power requirements
monitor, 1-5
option cards, 4-15, 7-11
Power supply
cables, 5-4, 5-6-7, 5-16-18
frequency, A-4
input ranges, A-4
limitations, 4-15, 7-5
location, 4-5
maximum outputs, A-4
removing, 4-15
type, A-4
Power-on diagnostics, 1-8, 7-12
Precautions, iii-viii, 1-1-2, 4-1
Printer
available options, A-7
cable, 1-5
checking connections, 7-10
connecting, 1-5-6
connector, 1-5-6, A-11
drivers, 7-11
problems, 7-10
turning off, 1-10, 4-2
turning on, 1-8
Processor, see CPU
Processor speed
changing, 3-6-7, A-1
fast, 3-6-7, A-1
keyboard command, 3-6-7
normal, 4-7
problems, 7-10
slow, 3-6-7, 7-10-11, A-1
turbo, 4-7
PS/2 compatible
keyboard, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3, A-12
mouse, Intro-1, 1-3, A-3, A-12
R
RAM, Intro-1-3,2-4, A-1-2
Read/write
errors, 7-9
slot, 3-2
Real-time clock, 2-3, A-2
RESET button, 1-7,3-3-5,7-1
Resolutions, see Video resolutions
ROM, 2-1, 2-7, 2-11, A-1
RS-232C ports, A-2; see also Serial
ports
S
Safety instructions, iii-viii, 1-1-2,
4-1
Screen colors, 6-4
Screen resolutions, Intro-2, 6-2, 6-4,
A-2
Security and Anti-Virus option, 3-4
Serial number, 7-1-2
Serial ports
connecting, 1-3-6
connector, 1-6, A-12
controller, A-2
description, Intro-1
jumpers, 4-7
location, 1-3
reassigning, 4-7
SetRES utility program, 6-2-5
SETUP program
Autotype fixed disk, 2-5
boot options, 2-8-10
cache memory, 2-6
changing values, 2-3
chipset registers, 2-7-8
date and time function, 2-3
display type, 2-4
drive configuration, 2-4-6
exiting, 2-11
factory default settings, 2-11
fixed disk, 2-5-6
function keys, 2-2-3
hard disk drive, 2-5
help screen, 2-2
Main Menu, 2-2
memory cache, 2-6
memory shadow, 2-7
options, 2-2
password security, 2-9-10
running, 2-1-12
saving settings, 2-11
shadow options, 2-7
Index
7
SETUP program
starting, 2-2-3
system information, 2-34
system memory, 2-4
system security, 2-9-10
system summary, 2-10
user-defined, 2-5-6
Shadowing memory, Intro-1-2, A-1
BIOS ROM, 2-7
video ROM, 2-7
SIMMS
adding, Intro-3
banks, 4-10-11
configuration, 2-4, 4-10
gold-plated, 7-12
incorrect type, 7-4
installing, Intro-3, 4-10-12
location, 4-5
positioning, 4-12
removing, 4-13-14
sockets, 2-4, 4-5, 4-10-14, 7-12
tin-plated, 4-11
type, 4-11, A-1
Slave hard disk drive, 5-11
Slot cover, 4-15
Slots, option, see Option slots
Slow processor speed, 3-6 ,7-10-11,
A-1
Sockets
cache, 4-5, 4-24
microprocessor, 4-5, 4-26-27
optional video memory, 4-5
SIMM, 4-5, 4-10-14, 7-12
video, 4-5, 4-21-23
ZIF, 4-27-28
Software, see Application programs
Speaker, A-3
Specifications, A-1-18
Speed, see Processor speed
Speed light, 1-7, 3-6
SRAM chips, Intro-3, 4-23-24
Static electricity, 1-1
8
Index
Stopping a command or program,
3-2
Storage devices, Intro-2, Intro-4,
5-1, A-34, A-6
Supervisor password, 2-9-10, 3-4-5
System
BIOS, Intro-1-2,2-1,24,4-5,7-1-2,
A-1, A-15
board, 4-5, 4-7, 4-10, 4-15, 5-5
configuration, 2-3-4, 2-8, 2-11,7-1
I/O address map, A-16-17
identifying, 7-1
memory, Intro-1-3,1-8,2-4,2-7,
A-1, A-6
memory map, A-15
optimizing performance, 2-7-8,4-1
specifications, A-1-18
startup information, 7-3
startup, see Booting system, 7-3
System Security and Anti-Virus
option, 2-9-10
System Setup option, 2-3-4
System Summary option, 2-10
T
Tag SRAM, 4-24
Tape drive, Intro-4,5-1, 5-13, A-4,
A-6
Technical support, Intro-6-7
Temperature, A-5
Text mode, 6-2
Time, setting, 2-3
Timing requirements, 3-6
Troubleshooting, 7-1-14
True Color support, Intro-1, A-2
TURBO light, 1-7,3-6
Turbo speed, 4-7
Turning off computer, 1-10, 4-2
Turning on computer, 1-7
U
W
User password, 2-9-10, 3-4-5
User-defined hard disk drive, 2-5-6
Utility, disk compaction, 7-9
Wait state, DRAM, 2-8
Weight, computer, A-4
Width, computer, A-4
Windows
driver, 6-14
font size, 6-4-5
mouse driver, 1-4,7-12
screen colors, 6-4-5
screen resolutions, 6-1-2,6-4
VGA drivers, 6-4
Write-protection, 7-7
V
VESA drivers, 6-2
VGA
connector, 1-3-5, A-13
controller, Intro-2, A-2
drivers, Intro-3,2-12,6-1-5
IBM, 6-1
interface, Intro-2, A-2
monitor, 1-4-5, 6-1-2, 7-6
port, Intro-1, 1-34,2-4, A-13
resolutions, 6-4
standard, 6-1
Video
BIOS, 7-2, A-1
card option, 2-4
chips, 4-21, A-1
colors, 6-4
controller, A-2
display card, 4-15
display type, 2-4
drivers, installing, 2-12,6-1-5
local bus, Intro-1, Intro-3,6-1
resolutions, Intro-2, 6-2, 6-4, A-2
ROM, 2-7
sockets, 4-5, 4-21-23
Video memory
adding, Intro-4, 4-21-23
colors, Intro-2
configuration, 4-21, A-15
high-speed, 6-2
installing, 4-21-23
location, 4-5
on system board, Intro-1, 6-2
RAM, Intro-2, 2-7
sockets, 4-5, 4-21
type, 4-21, A-1
ZIP chips, 4-21-23, A-1
Z
ZIF socket, 4-27-28
ZIP chips, 4-21-23, A-1
Index
9
4002497
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