Utility Metering: Overview of Freescale Solutions

Utility Metering: Overview of Freescale Solutions
July 2009
Utility Metering
Overview of Freescale Solutions
Nathan Lee
Regional Segment Marketer
TM
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Metering Market Enablers and Growth Drivers
►
Governmental mandates
•
•
•
•
►
Utility companies
•
•
►
Optimization of the distribution infrastructure and prevention of
potential black-outs (peak management)
More services to end consumer
Renewable energies
•
•
►
Smart grid and smart energy management requirements
EU Plan: 20% reduction of energy consumption by 2020
Deregulations (leading to separation of energy transport and energy
provider)
USA: $4.5 billion for direct investment in the smart grid through the
stimulus package
Residential solar and solar farm decentralized productions
Consumer production sold back to the energy provider
In-building customer comfort
•
•
e-Thermostats, smart and nice-looking displays, home automation
End-customer energy savings (controls when, how, how much)
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
2
Metering System Block Diagram
Electricity Generator
(Owner: Utility Company)
HV Distribution Network
Utility’s Data
Mgmt. System
HV-MV/LV
Substation
Residential Home
Red: Energy Flow
Blue: Communication Flow
Home Area Networking/
Energy Gateway
ƒ 32-bit MCU/ MPU (i.MX)*
ƒ ZigBee/ 802.15.4*
ƒ Home-plug
ƒ Bluetooth low energy*
ƒ 802.11
Electricity Meters
ƒ Microcontroller*
ƒ Analog*
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Last-Mile Communication
ƒ ZigBee*
ƒ Microcontroller*
ƒ Power line modem*
ƒ <1GHz RF
ƒ GPRS / SMS
ƒ M-Bus
ƒ SW DLMS/COSEM library
Concentrator
ƒ 32-bit MCU/MPU*
TM
3
Smart Meter Evolution, Terminology
Smart
Grid
Intelligence and Control
Customer
communication
AMI
AMM
AMR
Data
management
Operating
productivity
Standalone
Electronic
Standalone
Electromechanical
AMI - Automated Metering
Infrastructure encompasses ALL of the
below. Developed to “enable” enhanced
resource optimization and is the backbone
of a smart grid (two-way meters).
AMM - Automated Meter Management
(Data management and billing). Utilized to
“enrich” information quality.
AMR - Automated Meter Reading
(connects smart meters.) Implemented to
“enhance” a critical process. Can be an
internal or external module through which
utility company communicates with meter
remotely and take meter readings. Some
meters are retrofitted with AMR modules
(one-way meters).
Utility Meter – Gas, electricity, water
Standalone Meter – May be mechanical or electronic
Smart Meter – Networked meter (RF, power line, wired)
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
Picture of a Smart Grid
Source: www.photobucket.com
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
5
What Does Smart Grid Mean?
►Smart
Grid* – “A smart grid enables two-way communication and
digital control throughout the electricity delivery infrastructure.”
►According
to the United States Department of Energy's Modern Grid
Initiative report, a modern smart grid must:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Be able to heal itself
Motivate consumers to actively participate in operations of the grid
Resist attack
Provide higher-quality power that will save money wasted from outages
Accommodate all generation and storage options
Enable electricity markets to flourish
Run more efficiently
*Source: http://www.oe.energy.gov/DocumentsandMedia/RD_Strategic_Plan_Final07.pdf and DOE
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
6
Automated Meter Reading/ Management System Architecture
Commercial System (CRM)
Centralized Remote Management System
Interface Communication Software
GPRS
Communication
Network
Data Communication Center
MV Grid
Intranet
Energy Gateway
MV/LV
Substation
Cable, DSL
i.MX
PowerQUICC®
Operation
Center
Gas
Meter
PLC 2.5 Kbps
half-duplex
)
))
S08
ColdFire® V1
S08
ColdFire® V1
Water
Meter
i.MX
PowerQUICC®
S08
ColdFire® V1
)
))
LV Grid
Heat
Meter
Electricity
S08
ColdFire® V1
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Meters
TM
7
Metering Applications
Electricity
1 & 3 ph – Residential,
3- ph – Commercial & Industrial
T&D (Grid)
1 & 3 ph Electromechanical
Water
Gas
Domestic Static
Domestic Diaphragm
Commercial & Industrial Static
Commercial & Industrial Diaphragm
Rotary
Turbine
Orifice Plate
Multipoint Ultrasonic
Domestic Static
Domestic Diaphragm
Commercial & Industrial Static
Commercial & Industrial Diaphragm
Rotary
Turbine
Orifice Plate
Multipoint Ultrasonic
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Heat
Flow and Heat
TM
8
Key Technology and Solution Trends
Market Trend
Description
Freescale’s Portfolio Evolution and
Alignment
Wireless
Protocols
Wireless communications are
the key technologies used in
today’s AMI and AMR designs
Freescale is focused on the leading RF
technologies used in AMI and AMR
networks.
Low Power
Consumption
With the shift to electrical gas
and water meters, power
consumption is a key decision
factor due to battery life
requirements and costs
Key focus for Freescale, and Freescale is
indicating ideal products with an Energy
Efficient Solutions brand mark.
Peripherals
Integration
Focus on cost driving higher
levels of integration
Differentiator and strength of Freescale
across multiple product groups. Key
example is the release of the MC1322x.
Communication Home/energy gateways are
Within Home
using existing infrastructure
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Freescale is constantly looking at the
future and the key technologies driving
tomorrow’s standards.
TM
9
Freescale’s Value to the Metering Market
►Standard
products can help solve customer key problems for
metering systems
•
•
•
•
•
Maximize battery life Æ ultra-low-power 8-bit and 32-bit MCUs
Reliable readings Æ fast and accurate on-chip ADCs
Integration Æ memory, LCD control, analog
Communication I/F Æ ZigBee, 802.15.4 and Ethernet
Standards Æ IEEE 802.15.4, ZigBee Alliance, various others
►Commitment
to the market, with products and solutions that have
characteristics important to the metering segment
•
•
Longevity of product available and high levels of quality
Extensive portfolio of embedded connectivity solutions
►Extensive product portfolio spanning RF, sensors,
►Mix-and-match IP for specific metering solutions
►Laser focus on enablement
• Helps reduce product development cost
• Improves time-to-market and time-in-market
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
MCUs and MPUs
TM
10
Solutions for Metering
MCUs - S08, ColdFire
MPUs - i.MX, Power Architecture, ColdFire
User
Interface
Accelerometers - MMA7660
Sensors
Optional
Analog
Block
Buck Regulator - MC3472x
Communications
Interface
(Wired or Wireless)
MCU, MPU
ZigBee - MC132xx
Power
Management
PLC - MC56F80xx
Multi-channel PMIC - MC34704
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
11
Electricity Metering Application Solutions
Metering
Applications
Freescale
Recommends
Alternatives/
Additional
Freescale Differentiators
Meter
Measurement
(single phase)
MC9S08LL16/8, Low-voltage, lowpower, LCD controller, monophase
meter
Flexis™ QE family
MC9RS08KA8
Low power consumption, competitive price
positioning, superior LCD controller
Low power consumption, competitive price
positioning
MC9S08LG32 Cost-effective, LCD
controller
MC9RS08LA8 Cost-effective MCU
with on-chip LCD driver
Secure encryption IP, high performance,
rich OS and RTOS support
Concentrator
MPC831xE
MCF5445x
i.MX27/25
PLM (Power Line
Modulation)
MC56F8023 + Freescale library
Wireless
Communication
MC1319x/20x, MC1321x, MC1322x
(ZigBee)
Flexis™ QE family (MCU)
MC9S08GBxx (MCU)
Leader in ZigBee technology, ZigBee
stack designed in house, Low power
consumption, Fully integrated solution
(MCU+RF transceiver)
Home, Energy
Gateway
i.MX25
i.MX27
MCF5225x
Integrated part with communications
capability + graphic LCD controller
Antitamper
MMA76xx (Accelerometers)
MMA7455
MMA73xx
Low power consumption, low cost,
reduced mechanical dimensions
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
MPC837xE
MCF5225x
Flexible solution
TM
12
Water/Gas/Heat Metering Application Solutions
Metering
Applications
Freescale
Recommends
Alternatives/
Additional
Freescale
Differentiators
Meter
Measurement
MC9S08LL16/8, Low voltage,
low-power, LCD controller,
monophase meter
Flexis QE Family
MC9RS08KA8
Superior LCD controller with lowpower capabilities unmatched in the
industry
MC9RS08LA8 Low-cost, single
phase power meter with on chip
LCD driver
Low power consumption, competitive
price positioning
MC9S08QE8, QE32, QE64
Low power ranging from 8- to 32-bit
Concentrator
MPC831xE
MCF5445x
i.MX27/25
MPC837xE
MCF5225x
Secure Encryption IP, High
Performance, Rich OS and RTOS
support
Wireless
Communication
MC1319x/20x, MC1321x,
MC1322x (ZigBee)
Flexis QE Family (MCU)
MC9S08GBxx (MCU)
Leader in ZigBee technology,
ZigBee stack designed by Freescale,
low power consumption, fully
integrated solution (MCU+RF
transceiver)
Antitamper
MMA7660 (Accelerometers)
MMA7455
MMA73xx
Low power consumption, low cost,
reduced mechanical dimensions
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
13
Concept
In Design
Planned
Available/ Committed
Metering Roadmap
MCF5225x
i.MX 25
i.MX27
Concentrator
Gateway
Concentrator
Gateway
MC13224
2.4GHz Zigbee
MC56F8023
PLC
MMA766x
(Anti-temper)
MPU
MPU
MPU
RF ICs
PLC Solutions
Companion devices
32-Bit MCU
32-Bit MCU
32-Bit MCU
Flexis QE
Family
MC9RS08KA8
8Bit - 8KB Flash
10 bit ADC
8-Bit MCU
8-Bit, Segment
LCD MCU, ADC
8-Bit MCU
MC9S08LG32/16
8Bit – 32/16KB
MC9RS08LE8
Segment LCD
8Bit – 8KB Flash
Segment LCD
2009
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
2010
Meter
MC9S08LL16/8
8Bit – 8/16 KB Flash
12 bit ADC
Meters
Smart
32-Bit Metering MCU
Standalone
Application Performance
MPC8313
Concentrator
Future
TM
14
Metering Block Diagrams
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
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Single-Phase Electricity Meter Block Diagram
Line
EEPROM
LCD
Communications
Interfaces
LCD Driver
Transducer
Power
Supply
Signal
Conditioning
RS-485
Driver
MCU
PLM
Opto-Coupler
IEC1107
Neutral
RF
ADC
RTC
LEGEND
Freescale Solution
Application Requirements
Product
SinglePhase
Electricity
Meter
Processor
Performance up to
50 MIPS
MAC to perform
power calculations
Communications
<1GHz RF
<1GHz ZigBee
2.4 GHz ZigBee communication
Power line communications
M-Bus – wired and wireless
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Memory
Up to 256 KB
Need for higher
RAM
NVM
Security
Reliability
Connectivity
Tamper detect
functionality
On-chip flash
protection against
programming/
cloning of
application
software
iRTC
Multiple clock sources
16-bit ADC to measure
current
IIC
SPI
SCI
GPIO
TM
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Three-Phase Electricity Meter Block Diagram
Line
1,2,3
EEPROM
LCD
x3
Communications
Interfaces
LCD Driver
Transducer
Power
Supply
Signal
Conditioning
RS-485
Driver
Neutral
Neutral
RF
ADC
MCU
PLM
Opto-Coupler
IEC1107
RTC
LEGEND
Freescale Solution
Application Requirements
Product
ThreePhase
Electricity
Meter
Processor
Performance of at
least 50 MIPS
MAC to perform
power calculations
Communications
<1GHz RF
<1GHz ZigBee
2.4 GHz ZigBee communication
Power line communications
M-Bus – wired and wireless
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Memory
Up to 1 MB
Need for higher
RAM
NVM
Security
Reliability
Connectivity
Tamper detect
functionality
On-chip flash
protection against
programming/
cloning of
application
software
iRTC
Multiple clock sources
16-bit ADC to measure
current
IIC
SPI
SCI
GPIO
TM
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Metrology - Gas/ Fluid Meter Functional Block Diagram
Battery
Serial
Interfaces
Communications
Interfaces
MCU
LCD
RF
LCD Driver
Optocoupler
IEC1107
Tamper
RS485
LEGEND
RTC
Freescale Solution
Flow
Sensor
Water or Gas Line
Product
Gas/Fluid
Meter
Processor
Application needs
at least 5 MIPS.
Freescale micro
capable of
performance up to
50 MIPS
Ultra-low power
Application Requirements
Communications
Memory
<1GHz RF
<1GHz ZigBee
2.4 GHz ZigBee communication
Power line communications
M-Bus – wired and wireless
Upto 64 KB
(standalone)
>64K for
implementing
wireless capability
(eg ZigBee)
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Security
Reliability
Connectivity
Tamper detect
functionality
On-chip flash
protection against
programming/
cloning of
application
software
iRTC
Multiple clock sources
16-bit ADC to measure
current
Long battery life is key
IIC
SPI
SCI
GPIO
TM
18
Energy Gateway and Home Area Networking Block Diagram
Electricity Network
OS is Linux or Windows CE
Right candidate is i.MX25
MPU
DDR
Flash
PMU
RF1
RF2
Ethernet / USB
Wireless M-Bus Link 868MHz
Sensor Box
S08QE32 / 64
MCU
RF1
ST Box
Energy Gateway
Satellite Box
S08QE64 / 128
LCD or small TFT
Peroni for Future
Screen on wall
panel (Battery)
Appliance 1
…
Internet Network
Appliance 2
Freescale Solution
Power Meter
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
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Metering
LAN
Power
Supply
Unit
DDR
MPC831x
MCF5445x
i.MX27/25
MCF5225x
LAN Adapter
Wi-Fi, Wi-Max
ISDN adapter
WAN
GPRS
Flash
LAN
Solution
Ethernet, USB or
Serial Interfaces
Data Concentrator
GSM modem
LEGEND
Other Options
Freescale Solution
WLAN Solution
Overview:
Key Options:
• Gather information data from the
metering local area network (LAN)
• Process and analyze the data pockets
• Route the proper data to the wide area
network (WAN)
• Protect the data and network from
attacks
• MPC8313: Power Architecture based with robustness Linux
solutions for complex Ethernet package routing
• MCF5445x: ColdFire based with large amount of embedded
communication options
• i.MX27/25: ARM based with WinCE or Linux OS options and
high levels of silicon based security protections
• MCF5225x: flash-based MCU with USB and Ethernet options
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
20
Metering Enablement
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
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Recent Article
Prevent Tampering In Energy Meters
Embedded.com
By Mohit Arora, Freescale Semiconductor
4 February 2009
►This
article discusses vulnerabilities, challenges and techniques to
prevent tampering in an energy meter.
►http://www.embedded.com/design/213001137
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
22
<$10 Single-Phase Electricity Meter Reference Design
Using 9RS08KA8 with RS 485 Communication
Rated Voltage: 220V; Maximum Operating Voltage Range: 80% ~ 120%;
Current Range I: 5(30)A; Frequency Range: 50Hz±5%; Accuracy Level: 1.0
Rated Temperature: 23 deg C; Maximum Operating Temperature Range: 25 ~ +55 deg C ; Power Consumption: ≤ 1VA
Basic Function - Measurement Function - Active Power Accumulating
Function
Output - Main control board outputs pulses for active power measurement.
Output power pulses could be used for calibration. Power pulses are square
waves with 80ms period and ±20% tolerance, and voltage drop of pulses’
amplitude is < 10% of rated value (High Level > 0.9VD) , low level of output
pulses is <0.9V. Even under maximum rated load, corresponding pulse
numbers should be output instantaneously.
Communication - Infrared communication port with 1200 bps baud rate;
RS485 communication with 1200 bps baud rate; Communication protocol
complies with DL/T645.
Display - Keeps displaying when power off
Electromagnetic Compatibility - ESD (Electronic Static Discharge): 8kV;
High Frequency Electromagnetic Field: 10V/m; EFT (Electrical Fast
Transient): Operating state 2kV, Not-operating state 4kV; Voltage Surge:
4kV
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
23
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
Power Line Modem Reference Design based on 56F8025
Results:
Load & noise: roughly 380m of cable, TV, fans, heaters, lamps, bulbs
Receiver gain: 47
BER: 100%, PER: 100%
FEC: there were almost zero errors on the line.
Performed extensive tests on five sockets with different levels of
attenuation and different kinds of noise on 38.4 kHz & 57.6 kHz at a baud
rate of 2400bps, Manchester encoded S-FSK (which can also be
detected as two independent ASK streams/channels).
Transmitting: injected signal which was right at the top of CENELEC
limits (38.4 kHz – 123dBμV, 57.6 – 122dBμV).
Receiving: evaluated attenuation & disturbances for the received signal.
This PLM modem uses the frequency band 'A' of the CENELEC directive
(frequency band 3-95kHz) reserved for energy providers (not consumer
home networks). The PLM application is based on the Freescale
DSP56F8025/23 family.
S-FSK (Spread FSK) modulation is used for communication, and both SFSK modulation/demodulation routines are fully handled by DSC software.
Power line modem baud rate is 2400bps and data consistency is secured
with FEC (Forward Error Correction Reed-Solomon codes with erasure)
methods. Modems use the 'repeating' technique to reach larger distances in
harsh environment (targeting typically 500-1000m from the central node).
38.4kH
z
57.6kH
z
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
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Freescale Multi-Offering Approach with 802.15.4
Networking
Layers
Application
Network
SMAC
Customer
Defined
&
Developed
MAC
S-MAC
802.15.4
SynkroRF
ZigBee RF4CE
Customer
Defined
ZigBee®/
ZigBee PRO
Customer
Defined
Customer
Defined
&
Developed
RF4CE Profiles
ZigBee Profiles
SynkroRF
ZigBee RF4CE
ZigBee /
ZigBee PRO
802.15.4 MAC
802.15.4 MAC
802.15.4 MAC
802.15.4 MAC
Customer
Defined
&
Developed
Physical
PHY Layer
802.15.4 PHY
802.15.4 PHY
802.15.4 PHY
802.15.4 PHY
Hardware
Hardware
Hardware
Hardware
Hardware
Hardware
802.15.4 is becoming the foundation for many protocol stacks, and
Freescale was #1 in 2008 with 61% market share. (In-Stat 2008 report)
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
25
BeeKit™ Overview
►A
new approach to
wireless applications
development:
Graphical user
interface (GUI) to
create and validate
network configuration
• Codebases deliver
libraries, templates
and applications
• Exports directly to IDE
for development and
debug
•
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
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Reference Designs
► Development Board Reference Design
• Based on development boards and include
I/O, headers and additional functionality
• FCC and CE certified
• Provide
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Schematic in OrCAD
Layout in Gerber
BOM
Direct support in BeeKit
► Form Factor Reference Designs
• Form factor design with minimal I/O and
headers
• Focus is on RF design
•
•
ƒ
ƒ
Single Port Design
Chip or F Antenna
ƒ
UART, I2C
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Reference Manual
Schematic in OrCAD
Layout in Gerber and Allegro
BOM
BeeKit Platform Editor Configuration File
Basic Interfaces
Provide
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
► Dev Board Reference
• 1319xEVB
• 1320x-QE128DSK
• 1320xRFC
• 1321xNCB
• 1321xSRB
• 1322xLPB
• 1322xNCB
• 1322xSRB
• 1322xUSB
Design
► Form Factor Reference
• 1320xQE128-IPB
• 1321x-ICB
• 1321x-IPB
• 1321x-UCB
• 1322x-IPB/ICB (Pending)
• 1322x-ERB (Pending)
Design
TM
27
Product One Pagers
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
28
MMA7660FC Overview
3-Axis Low Voltage Portrait/Landscape/Tilt Sensor with I²C Interface in 3mm x 3mm DFN Package
Features
• 3-axis, 6 bits over the range ±1.5g
• I²C digital output
• 2.4V - 3.6V AVDD and 1.71V - 2.75V DVDD
• Operating current 47 uA to 241 uA
• 8 Configurable sample rates (120, 64, 16, 8, 4, 2, 1 per sec)
• 3mm x 3mm x 0.92mm DFN package
• Portrait / Landscape detection
Functional Diagram
• Tap detection and Shake detection
• Sample rate from 1 to 120 a second
• 300µA maximum current at 32 samples/sec
• Auto Wake-Up and Auto-Sleep Interrupts
• High shock survivability (10,000g)
Typical Applications
Cell Phone/PMP/PDA: Display Portrait/Landscape
Games/Toys: Motion Feedback
Laptop PC: Anti-Theft
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service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
29
MC1322x Block Diagram
24 MHz (Typical)
32.768 KHz (Optional)
Balun
Analog
TX
Digital
Modem
TX
Modem
TX/RX
Switch
Analog
RX
RX
Modem
802.15.4
MAC
Accelerator
(MACA)
IEEE® 802.15.4 Transceiver
MC1322x Block Diagram
Buck
Converter
Analog
Power
Management
&
Voltage
Regulation
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Advanced
Security
Module
(ASM)
SPI
FLASH
Module
(SPIF)
SCI/UART
Module
CPU Complex
SCI/UART
Module
Bus
Interface &
Memory
Arbitrator
ARM
Interrupt
Controller
(AITC)
96 KB
RAM
80 KB
ROM
128 KB
Serial
FLASH
SSI/I2S
Module
ARM7
TDMI-S
32-bit
CPU
Battery
Monitor
I2C
Module
Keyboard
Interface
SPI
Interface
Up to 64 GPIO
Optional PA Out
Timer
Module
Clock &
Reset
Module
(CRM)
Data & Address Buses
RF
Oscillator/PLL
&
Clock Generation
GPIO
Control
12-bit
ADC
12-bit
ADC
JTAG &
Nexus
TM
30
MC1322x Platform in a Package™ (PiP)
•
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
•
•
•
Balun
TX
Modem
TX/RX
Switch
Optional TurboLink™ mode
Over the air data rate of 2Mbps
Streaming compressed audio, voice/intercom,
file/data transfer
-95dBm sensitivity
+4dBm power output
Hardware accelerator reduces MCU overhead
ƒ
ƒ
RX
Modem
Analog
RX
MAC accelerator (sequencer and DMA
interface)
AES 128-bit hardware encryption/decryption
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
802.15.4
MAC
Accelerator
(MACA)
IEEE® 802.15.4 Transceiver
Advanced
Security
Module
(ASM)
MC1322X Block Diagram
•
SCI/UART
Module
CPU Complex
SCI/UART
Module
SSI/I2S
Module
ARM7
TDMI-S
32-bit
CPU
Bus
Interface &
Memory
Arbitrator
ARM
Interrupt
Controller
(AITC)
96 KB
RAM
80 KB
ROM
128 KB
Serial
FLASH
Timer
Module
Clock &
Reset
Module
(CRM)
I2C
Module
Keyboard
Interface
Battery
Monitor
SPI
Interface
GPIO
Control
12-bit
ADC
12-bit
ADC
JTAG &
Nexus
Best in class peripherals
ƒ
•
SPI
FLASH
Module
(SPIF)
Analog
Power
Management
&
Voltage
Regulation
Buck
Converter
Improved RF performance
ƒ
ƒ
Digital
Modem
Analog
TX
80K ROM (802.15.4 MAC) and 96K SRAM
High-performance mode
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
•
Significant power reduction – up to 75%
20mA maximum with radio and MCU
13mA average with radio and MUC (buck
converter enabled)
Plenty of memory for ZigBee applications
ƒ
RF
Oscillator/PLL
&
Clock Generation
802.15.4-compliant transceiver
ARM7TDMI up to 26Mhz
Lowest power
32.768 KHz (Optional)
Up to 64 GPIO
ƒ
ƒ
24 MHz (Typical)
Data & Address Buses
► Changing the market dynamics
• Integrated 2.4GHz transceiver with 32-bit
CPU
UART, SPI, KBI, 8 channel 12-bit ADC, 4x16-bit
timer, I2C, SSI (I2S), 64GPIO
Unique platform in a package
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
High integrated package significantly reduces
external component count and cost
RF matching in package
Requires power, xtal and 50 Ohm antenna
9.5x9.5mm 99pin LGA, 7x7x1 81-pin QFN
TM
31
Mc1322x Software Introduction – Flash, ROM, RAM content
Flash content
RAM content
APPLICATION/PROFILES
OEM
Application image
APPLICATION FRAMEWORK
NETWORK/SECURTIY
LAYERS
ZigBee
Alliance
Application image
ROM content
MAC LAYER
PHY LAYER
IEEE
Low-Level Drivers
Stack NVM sector
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Bootstrap
TM
32
BeeStack Code Size
►MC13224
– ZigBee Pro, Generic App, Coordinator, PAN ID Conflict
Resolution Enabled, No Security
51,502 bytes of read only code memory
• 1,616 bytes of read only data memory
• 6,625 bytes of read write data memory
•
►MC13224
– ZigBee Pro, Smart Energy Load Control, Coordinator,
PAN ID Conflict Resolution Enabled, Standard Security with Link
Keys
71,982 bytes of read only code memory
• 2,073 bytes of read only data memory
• 7,933 bytes of read write data memory
•
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
33
9RS08LE4
LCD Driver
9RS08LE4
Based on 8 backplanes
8x14 = 112 segments
RS08 Core
Packages
ICS
LVI
RTI
Based on 4 backplanes
4x18 = 72 segments
4K Flash
LCD Driver
256 RAM
RS08BDM
►Voltage
•
Range
2.7V to 5.5V
►Core
•
RS08
►1-20MHz Capability
►Features
•
•
•
•
8-ch keyboard interrupt
Up to 26 GPIOs
LVI (low voltage inhibit)
RTI
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
KBI
SCI
Packages
COP
28 SOIC
8-10 bits ADC
LCD Driver
8x14 or 4x18
2x2-ch 16-bit
Timer
►Internal
•
•
•
•
Clock Source (ICS)
FLL
On-chip oscillator
External crystal support
2% accuracy over full operating range
►Development
•
On-chip BDM
Tools
►Memory
•
•
4K flash
256 bytes RAM
►$0.90
MSRP at 10K units
TM
34
9RS08LA8
LCD Driver
9RS08LA8
Based on 8 backplanes
8x21 = 168 segments
RS08 Core
Packages
ICS
LVI
SCI
KBI
Based on 4 backplanes
4x25 = 100 segments
8K Flash
MTIM
48 QFN
COP
LCD Driver
9S08LL16
256 RAM
Packages
Comparator
SPI
6-10 bits ADC
RS08BDM
►Voltage
•
Range
2.7V to 5.5V
►Core
•
10 MHz CPU speed
►Features
•
•
•
•
•
8-ch keyboard interrupt
Up to 34 GPIOs
16 LCD pins mux with GPIO
LVI (low voltage inhibit)
RTI
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
LCD Driver
8x21
1x2-ch 16-bit
Timer
►Internal
•
•
•
•
Clock Source (ICS)
FLL
On-chip oscillator
External crystal support
2% accuracy over full operating range
►Development
•
48 LQFP
Tools
On-chip ICE and RS08BDM
►$0.99
MSRP at 10K units
TM
35
9S08LL16/8
LCD Driver
9S08LL16/8
LL16:
S08 Core
Based on 8 backplanes
8x24 = 192 segments
Based on 4 backplanes
4x28 = 112 segments
LL8:
LL16: 16K
LL8: 8K
LCD Driver
Based on 8 backplanes
8x16 = 128 segments
ICE + 08BDM
SCI
COP
ICS
64 LQFP
Packages
48 LQFP
TOD
LCD Driver
Range
1.8V to 3.6V
20 MHz CPU speed
►Features
•
•
•
•
•
KBI
LL8
Comparator
►Core
•
IIC
8-12 bits ADC
Based on 4 backplanes
4x20 = 80 segments
•
LL16
LVI
SPI
9S08LL16
2K RAM
►Voltage
Packages
8-ch keyboard interrupt
Up to 38 GPIOs
Up to 18 LCD pins mux with GPIO
LVI (low voltage inhibit)
Time-of-day module
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
LL16: 2x2-ch 16-bit
Timer
LL8: 1x2-ch 16-bit
Timer
►Internal
•
•
•
•
48 QFN
Clock Source (ICS)
FLL
On-chip oscillator
External crystal support
2% accuracy over full operating range
►Development
•
48 QFN
Tools
On-chip ICE and 08BDM
►Start
from $1.50* MSRP at 10K units
*Varies by package
TM
36
In Design
Flash
56F802x/3x Features
RAM
JTAG/EOnCE™
6-output
PWM
Voltage
Regulators
8/16-bit timers
Interrupt
Controller
2- 3- or 4-input
12-bit ADCs
Power
Supervisor
COP
56800E Core
32 MIPS
32 MHz
2-QSCI
2-QSPI
I2C
2-12bit DACs
2-Analog
Comparators
MSCAN
3-PIT
System Clock Control
(PLL, SIM, Osc)
►32
LQFP, 44QFP,
►48LQFP, 64LQFP
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
►
32 MHz/32 MIPS 56800E core
3.0-3.6V operation
32K-64K Bytes program flash
4K-8K Bytes program/data RAM
Flash security
Tunable internal relaxation oscillator
Software programmable phase locked loop
Up to 96 MHz peripherals – timers and PWMs
6-output PWM module with 4 programmable fault
inputs
2-12-bit ADCs for 6-8 Inputs w/ internal or external
Vref
Up to 2 12-bit digital to analog converters
2 - analog comparators
Synchronization between PWM and ADC
4 or 8 16-bit general-purpose programmable
timers
1 or 3 programmable interval timers
Computer Operating Properly timer
2-queued serial communications interface
2-queued serial peripheral interface
Optional MSCAN
I2C communications interface
Up to 53 GPIO
JTAG/EOnCE™ debug port
Lead-free “green” packages
Industrial and automotive temp
TM
37
ColdFire: MCF5225x
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
BDM
64KBytes
SRAM
256KBytes
Flash
64KBytes
SRAM
32kHz
Osc.
PLL
GPI/O
JTAG
USB
otg
4ch 32-bit
Timer
I2 C
UART
Flash
SRAM
4ch 16-bit
Timer
QSPI
UART
RTC
8-ch 12-bit
ADC
UART
2ch PIT
8ch
PWM
4ch DMA
10/100
FEC
256KBytes
Flash
CAN
32KBytes
SRAM
Memory Options
Crypto
(CAU)
RNGA
V2
ColdFire
ColdFire®
Core
System
Integration
EZPORT
•
Up to 76 Dhrystone 2.1 MIPS @ 80 MHz
MAC module and HW divide
Encryption – CAU
External bus
Up to 64K bytes SRAM
Up to 512K bytes flash
• 100K W/E cycles, 10 years data retention
USB 2.0 full-speed Host/Device/On-the-go
Controller
CAN – (FlexCAN)
FEC (10/100 Ethernet)
3 UARTs
Serial peripheral interface (Queued SPI)
I2C bus interface modules
4 ch. 32-bit timers with DMA support
4 ch. 16-bit capture/compare/PWM timers
2 ch. Periodic Interrupt Timer
8 ch. PWM timer with enhanced DAC capabilities
2nd watchdog timer with independent clock
Real time clock with 32kHz crystal oscillator
8 ch. 12-bit A-to-D converter with simultaneous
sampling
Up to 56 5V tolerant general-purpose I/O
System integration (PLL, SW watchdog)
DMA
•
•
•
•
•
•
512KBytes
Flash
EMAC
ColdFire V2 Core
Ext
Bus
Optional
•Single 3.3V supply
•Temperature range: -40°C to +85°C
•Available speeds: 66 and 80MHz
•Available packages: 100 LQFP, 144 LQFP, 144
MAPBGA
•Target prices start from $4.93 @ 10k qty
TM
38
68K/ColdFire: MCF5445x
V4m 68K/ColdFire® core
• 16K bytes I-Cache, 16K bytes D-Cache
• 32K bytes SRAM
Key Features
PLL
GPI/O
2nd 10/100
FEC
10/100
FEC
USB
H/D/OTG
I²C
UART
DSPI
SSI
UART
16-ch. DMA
4-ch. 32-bit
Timer
UART
Crypto
• 10/100 Ethernet MACs (external PHYs)
• Hardware Accelerated Encryption
PCI
• Random Number Generator
Controller
• DES, 3DES, AES, Block Cipher Engine
Optional
• MD5, SHA-1, HMAC, Hash Accelerator
• ATA/ATAPI-6 controller (UDMA100 capable) Additional Modules
• 3 UARTs
• DMA supported Serial Peripheral Interface (DSPI)
• I2C bus interface
• Synchronous Serial Interface (SSI)
• USB 2.0 Host/Device/On-the-go Controller
• Full Speed/Low Speed Transceiver
• High Speed ULPI support
•
•
•
•
4 ch. 32-bit timers with DMA support
4 ch. Periodic Interrupt Timer
16 ch. DMA controller
16-bit 133MHz DDR2/DDR Controller
• Supports LPDDR, DDR1, and DDR2
• Up to 135 General-Purpose I/O
• System Integration (PLL, SW watchdog)
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Serial Boot
Facility
JTAG
16K
16K
32K
I-Cache
D-Cache
SRAM
V4m
ColdFire®
Core
MMU
Memory
BDM
ATAPI
EMAC
• Up to 410 Dhrystone 2.1 MIPS @ 266 MHz
• MMU, EMAC
• Cross-Bar-Switch technology (XBS)
32-bit
Flexbus
DDR/DDR2
Controller
1.5V Core, 1.8V/2.5V SDRAM Bus I/O
Temp Range: 0°C to +70°C and -40°C to +85°C
360 TEPBGA, 256 MAPBGA
Prices starting at $9.95 resale at 10k volume
Updated: 02 Feb 06
39
TM
i.MX27(L) Multimedia Applications Processor
►
Specifications:
•
•
•
•
•
CPU:
Process:
Core Voltage:
Package:
Temp Range:
ARM926EJ-S, 400MHz
90nm
1.2-1.5V
404 BGA 17x17mm .65mm
473 BGA 19x19mm .8mm
-20 to 85C
-40 to 85C
System
Control
i.MX27(L)
JTAG/ICEM
CPU Platform
Bootstrap
ARM926EJ-S
CLK Mgt.
Std System
►
Key i.MX27 Features and Advantages
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Powerful and cost sensitive ARM9 platform
Ideal for video encoding, security, IP telephony,
POS, general purpose industrial and medical
applications
Multi-standard video codecs at D1 resolution
(i.MX27 only)
Includes pre- and post-processing, scaling
Robust security platform
Broad OS support – WinCE6, Linux, RTOS
Extensive connectivity options
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
►
Ethernet 802.3 MAC
USB 2.0 OTG 480Mbps
USB 2.0 Host 12Mbps, USB 2.0 Host 480Mbps
PCMCIA/CF, Audio MUX
MCC, SD, IrDA, 8x8 keypad, CMOS sensor
interface
ATA-6, Memory Stick (i.MX27 only)
Availability:
•
Production:
16KB
16 KB
i-cache d-cache
IrDA
MMC/SD x3
MMU
Memory
Bus
Internal
Control Control Control
PCMCIA/CF
UART x6
Timer x6
SSI/I2S x 2
RTC
HS USB OTG
Host x2
PWM
Watch Dog
Multimedia Accelerator
Audio Mux
GPIO
Hardware Video Codecs
MPEG4/H.263/H.264
1-Wire
DMA
Pre and Post Processing
ATA-6
Camera I/F
Security
CSPI x3
Sahara v2
Ext Memory I/F
10/100 Ethernet
RTIC
mDDR/SDRAM
NAND Flash
EIM
GPIO
SCC
8x8 Keypad
RNGA
LCD Control
IIM
Memory Stick Pro
NOW
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
Connectivity
Not available on i.MX27L
TM
40
► Specifications:
• CPU:
ARM926EJ-S, 266MHz
• Process:
90nm LP2
• Core Voltage: 266MHz @ 1.2V – 1.52V
400MHz @ 1.38V – 1.52V
► Key
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Features and Advantages
High performing ARM926 platform
10/100 Ethernet MAC with RMII support
Two on-chip USB ports with PHY
ƒ High Speed USB OTG with HS PHY
ƒ High Speed USB Host with FS PHY
128KB on-chip SRAM – low power LCD refresh
3 general purpose 12-bit ADC channels
External memory interface:
ƒ 16-bit 1.8V mobile DDR and DDR2
ƒ 16-bit 3.3V SDRAM
ƒ 8-/16-bit NAND or NOR
3.3V I/O
0.8mm MAPBGA 400-pin package
0C to +70C (Consumer)
-40 to +85C (Industrial)
► Availability:
• Alpha Samples (1.0):
• Alpha Samples (1.1):
• General Availability (1.1):
i.MX253 Applications Processor
System Control
SJTAG/ICEM
ETM
CPU Platform
HS USB OTG
+ HS Phy
Bootstrap
ARM926EJ-S
Clock Mgt.
266-400MHz
HS USB Host
+ FS Phy
Std System
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
10/100 Ethernet
16KB
16KB
I-Cache D-Cache
MMU
5x5
Crossbar
Timer x 4
PWM x 4
Watch Dog
RTC
Internal Memory
128KB
SRAM
32KB
ROM
SDMA
External Memory I/F
DPTC
NANDFC SDRAMC WEIM
SLC/MLC mDDR
NOR
(8bit ECC) DDR2
External
SDRAM Peripherals
User I/F
12-bit ADC x 3
MMC+/SD/SDIO x 2
SSI/I2S x 2
I2 C x 3
CSPI x 3
UART x 5
DVFS
LCDC
Q3 2008
Q1 2009
Q2 2009
Connectivity
i.MX253
GPIO x 4
Audio Mux
1-Wire
SLCDC
8x8 Keypad
TM
41
MPC8313E Block Diagram and Features
►e300
Power Architecture processor, up to 400 Mhz
• FPU, Dual IU, BPU, SRU, IMMU/DMMU
• 16K/16K I/D L1 cache, HW cache coherent
• Performance Monitor
• 1.92 DMIPS/MHz, 2 MACs/3 cycles
►DDR
SDRAM memory controller
• 16b / 32b DDR-333 / DDR2-333
►Dual
10/100/1000 Ethernet MACs
• Dual RGMII / RTBI / MII / RMII / SGMII
• IEEE 1588 support
►One
High Speed USB 2.0 (480Mbps)
• HS Controller supports host/device/OTG and ULPI
• HS PHY supports host/device
• 32b PCI-2.3, up to 66 MHz
• Master and agent mode, PME, on-chip arbiter
►8b/16b
local bus, up to 66 MHz
• NOR and NAND flash boot support
►Security
2.2
• AES (ECB, CBC, CTR, CCM), DES/3DES, MD-5,
SHA-1, SHA-2
►DMA,
Dual UARTs, Dual I2Cs, SPI, GPIO, Interrupt
Controller, Timers
►Power management controller
• Low standby power
►Production: December
• 516 TEPBGA Package
2008
• Wake-on-LAN, Wake-on-USB, Wake-on-PME, Wake-on-
External Signal
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
42
MPC8313
Ideal for everyday markets
►Key
•
•
•
►Key
features/benefits/differentiators
Flexible Connectivity
• 10/100/1000 Ethernet controller with SGMII
interface
• High-speed USB interface (integrated PHY)
• DDR1 & 2
Efficient Performance
• 500MIPS for $13.50
• Up to ~760 MIPS CPU performance
Power Management
• <1.5W at 333 MHz
• Fan-less operation
• Multiple power down modes
►Price
& Availability
MPC8313 Rev. 2.1
Production: December 2008
applications
•
•
•
•
Security systems
Medical Devices
Industrial Control
Test and Measurement
Equipment
• Industrial Automation
• Telecommunications
Equipment
• Networking Routers/Switches
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Residential Gateways
WLAN Access Points
Consumer NAS
Digital Media Server
IP Set-Top-Box
Wireless Router
Media Adaptor
Telephones
Television
►Tools
►
►
MPC8313E-RDB - $299 MSRP
Features: 128 MB DDR2 SDRAM, 8 MB flash, 32 MB
NAND flash, SD connector, five GigE ports, USB 2.0 port,
PCI interface, DUART
► Tools and Software
• CodeWarrior 8.8 (6-month free license)
• Linux v2.6 with drivers for SATA, 4-port GigE switch
(Vitesse), USB, IEEE1588, and power management
• CPE form factor board
• Wind River, Green Hills, MontaVista
• IXXAT
Price (10K) starts $13.50 (varies based on speed/ functionality)
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
43
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
44
Market Overview
►American
•
$4.3 Billion
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
•
Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
50% of the funding for any two-year smart-grid projects
According to some sources, funding must be used 12 months
Designed to jump-start local AMI projects and remove the R&D barrier
costs
$4.7 billion
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
Designed to upgrade the country’s broadband infrastructure
National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA) funding
will be used to establish a broadband service development and expansion
program
Designed to drive growth in alternative broadband solutions for rural
areas. Could your electric meter be the next cable modem?
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
45
Market Overview
►American
•
Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)
$10 Million
ƒ
ƒ
ƒ
National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST) will receive $10M to
help implement a smart-grid interoperability framework “that includes
protocols and model standards for information management to achieve
interoperability of smart-grid devices and systems,” according to the
legislation.
The bill directs NIST to solicit input on building the framework from public
and private groups, such as the Grid-Wise Architecture Council and the
IEEE. NIST must start the effort within 60 days and publish a progress report
on its work within a year.
Designed to drive a common standard for the Smart Grid.
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
TM
46
Freescale Introduces Product Longevity Program
►The
embedded market needs long-term product support, which
allows OEMs to provide assurance to their customers.
►Freescale has a longstanding track record of providing long-term
production support for our products.
►Freescale is pleased to introduce a formal product longevity
program for the market segments we serve.
For the automotive and medical segments, Freescale will manufacture
select devices for a minimum period of 15 years.
• For all other market segments in which Freescale participates,
Freescale will manufacture select devices for a minimum period of 10
years.
•
►A
list of applicable Freescale products is available at
www.freescale.com.
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
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Q&A
►Thank
you for attending this presentation. We’ll now take a few
moments for the audience’s questions and then we’ll begin the
question and answer session.
Freescale™ and the Freescale logo are trademarks of Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. All other product or
service names are the property of their respective owners. © Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. 2009.
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48
TM
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