Military Embedded Systems Spring 2005 Volume 1 Number 1

Military Embedded Systems Spring 2005 Volume 1 Number 1
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
The COTS Technology Authority
M AY 2 0 0 5
Military
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
FEATURING EDITORIALS BY:
CHRIS CIUFO
“Whole life” COTS
JERRY GIPPER
VME life cycle model
JOE PAVLAT
Telecom and the military
VOLUME 1 NUMBER 1
DON DINGEE
M AY 2 0 0 5
Eclipse perspective
W W W. M I L - E M B E D D E D . C O M
Resource
Guide
VOLUME 1 NUMBER 1
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Military
EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
DEPARTMENTS
20
Eclipse and the eight embedded software life cycle truths
26
By Joe Pavlat
Attention to details benefits primes outsourcing military
avionics systems
By Frank Willis, SBS Technologies
SPECIAL: Software
32
Standards and interoperability to drive RTOS industry
36
What is real time and why do I need it?
154 Editorial
A fresh start for ongoing programs
By Chris A. Ciufo
PRODUCT GUIDE
Q & A with John Fanelli, Wind River Systems
By Steve Furr, QNX
SPECIAL: Mil Tech Trends
152 New Products
By Eli Shapiro
Meeting Software Defined Radio cost and power targets:
Making SDR feasible
By Manuel Uhm, Xilinx and Jean Belzile, ISR Technologies
42 In the System
By Joan Wood, Quantum3D
Space-ready, radiation-tolerant processor modules:
A COTS technology strategy
By Anthony Lai, Aitech Defense Systems
By Don Dingee
Wearable tactical computers as embedded training systems
w w w. m i l - e m b e d d e d . c o m
SPECIAL: Hardware
VMEbus technology and its life cycle
Telecom technology and the military:
Initiatives and standards
RESOURCE GUIDE 2005
FEATURES
8 Industry Analysis
By Jerry Gipper
VOLUME 1
NUMBER 1
46
FPGAs, serial fabrics and UAVs: The ones to watch
50
Focus on systems, switched fabrics
54
Reconfigurable systems; Disruptive technologies
Q & A with Peter Cavill, Radstone Embedded Computing
Q & A with Tom Quinly, Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded Computing
Q & A with Ed Hennessy, Nallatech
60 MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Industry Analysis
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
VMEbus technology and its life cycle
By Jerry Gipper
L
ife cycle longevity is one of the
key attributes of VMEbus that
contributes to its popularity in
defense programs needing highend embedded computing solutions.
Suppliers of VMEbus technology have
listened well to their users. Over the years,
significant improvements have been made
to the performance and capabilities of this
technology. The industry suppliers have
developed a technology roadmap that preserves backward compatibility of today’s
solutions with those of the past. Utilizing
a VME life cycle model is generally good
life-cycle planning practice. The VME
Standards Organization continues to battle
the pros and cons of new technology and
backwards compatibility. They have made
reasonable accommodations where possible giving suppliers alternatives to move
forward with leading-edge technology at a
pace that suites their target markets.
The original VMEbus specification
(VME32) started out as a definition for a
parallel computer bus supporting 24-bit
addressing and 16-bit data paths with
expansion capability to 32-bit addressing and 32-bit data paths. The theoretical
maximum performance of the bus was
40 MBps and it was considered exceptional if a product could hit 20 MBps. The first
generations of products took several years
before they started pushing the capability
envelope of the original specification.
VMEbus enhancements
Enhancements were later proposed and
adopted that pushed the capability to support 64-bit data paths (commonly referred
to as VME64) and raised the theoretical
throughput bandwidth to 80 MBps. To
fully use the enhancements required that
a new VME connector be implemented,
this connector was cleverly designed so
that VME64 products can be completely
compatible with the original VME32 generations.
Recently, the VMEbus specification was
enhanced once again to VME 2eSST, that
extends performance by adding a two
8 / 2005
edge, source synchronizing data transfer
capability that allows sustained data transfers in excess of 300 MBps. VME 2eSST
is totally backwards compatible with
existing connectors and backplanes. The
secret sauce is in new incident wave bus
transceivers that allow older backplanes
to handle the high speed waveforms. The
original VME32 specification had enough
foresight to provide for VME 2eSST type
capabilities without redefining the original bus protocols. Most importantly, this
means that software does not have to be
rewritten to use the new protocols.
Concepts exist that could take the parallel
VMEbus to over 500 MBps while maintaining that ever important backwards
compatibility. VMEbus technology has
also embraced the movement to serial
switch fabric solutions. These solutions
are not necessarily a new concept but they
are gaining new acceptance as they have
become more practical and have shown
tremendous ability to provide scalable
high bandwidth.
Ethernet is now one of the most common
fabric solutions. The VME technology
family has several alternatives to choose
from that use Ethernet. VITA 31, which
adds Gigabit Ethernet on VME64 backplanes via a previously defined P0 connector, is the first generation of switch
fabric solutions implemented in VMEbus
backplanes. VITA 31 works with the existing VME32, VME64, and VME2eSST
configurations.
VME Switched Serial (VXS) combines
the event driven parallel VMEbus with
enhancements to support switch fabrics
over a new P0 connection. VXS maintains
backward compatibility with existing
backplanes that do not have a conflicting
P0 scheme. Several fabric protocols are
mapped out for VXS including 10 Gigabit
Ethernet, PCI Express, Serial RapidIO,
and InfiniBand. VME’s parallel bus architecture provides bus control and maintenance data, handling everything from
single byte transactions to 300+ MBps
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
block data transfers. Combining this in
various ways with the emerging switch
fabric technologies for multi-point,
high-speed data transfers creates choices
for all types of embedded computing
designs.
All of these enhancements to the VMEbus
technology have been evolutionary in
nature, carefully specified to maximize
backwards compatibility, extend the technology life cycle of VMEbus, and most
importantly, preserve years of investments made by users of VME technology. Additional work continues to extend
the capabilities of VME technology even
further.
Migration planning
But what can suppliers do to allow development programs to take advantage of the
work done by the standards developers?
Since most embedded computing applications have a long life, system designers
and integrators need to be sure that their
supplier will be capable of manufacturing computing platforms, whose form,
fit, and function does not change without
warning, for a period of several years.
The industry goal should be to have useful
life cycles in excess of 10 years. Products
should be planned to handle changes and
part obsolescence to allow production to
continue for a minimum of 10 years. To
do this, I propose a concept of what I call
a virtual product life cycle. An individual
product should go through no more than
three major revisions over this 10-year
life span. These revisions should be timed
to optimize design and manufacturing
changes as well as parts obsolescence.
How would this work? Revision A is
planned as the first release of the product and should be available for approximately three years (see Figure 1). At the
end of year two, release the second version, revision B. There would be approximately a one year overlap of these two
revisions (A and B). These versions
should have consistent features and exter-
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2005 / 9
Industry Analysis
nal envelope (the same I/O connections)
to preserve compatibility and minimize
migration efforts. A and B would be the
same product with the changes restricted
to any major engineering changes needed
for cost reductions, quality and manufacturing improvements, plus any performance enhancements that do not impact
the original operational model of the
product.
This same process is repeated between
release B and C with the exception that
the release B product would have a fouryear life cycle goal, again with a one
year overlap with revision C. Revision C
would then be the final anticipated release
with a five-year life cycle goal. Allowing
for a one year overlap between releases, a
10-year virtual life cycle is achieved.
The revisions to products should:
■ Have consistent features and
external envelope (pinout) from A to
B to C to eliminate additional system
changes.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Virtual 10 Years
Year 1
Year 1
Year 1
Year 2
Year 3
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 2
Year 3
Year 4
Year 5
Revision C
Revision B
Revision A
Figure 1
■ Primarily focus on changes that do
not impact functionality. Users need
to be aware of what could potentially
change in each product revision so
that effort could be made to minimize
future changes, for example, dependency on processor clock speed in
timing loops.
■ Have a consistent programming
model. Software impact must be
minimal.
■ Overlap time between products for
qualification and regression testing.
■ Be reasonably planned this way
during product definition; expected
changes should be thought out and
communicated. Stage multiple minor
changes to occur at a major revision
release.
■ Exceed a virtual life cycle of
10 years with the final product endof-life timing based on technology
and market demand.
Major feature changes and enhancements
would initiate a new product that would
have its own life cycle. In turn, program
managers can evaluate the options of staying on track or moving to a new product.
A traditional technology roadmap only
highlights the major product. In essence,
a product life cycle roadmap details the
changes anticipated for a product over its
life. A product life cycle roadmap following this type of mapping would allow program managers to plan technology refresh
and insertion options that are compatible
with their own program goals.
Jerry Gipper is the editorial director
of Industrial Embedded Systems.
Jerry has held a variety of positions
in systems engineering, sales, product
marketing, business development, and
strategic planning. During his career
at Motorola, he had the leadership
role in the worldwide rollout of more
than 25 major and very successful
product lines. He has written numerous
articles and papers for the industry,
and has spoken at various conferences. Jerry currently supports VITA
with marketing services. Jerry holds a
Bachelor of Science degree in Computer
Engineering from Iowa State University
and a Master of Science degree in
Computer Engineering from San Jose
State University.
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For further information, contact Jerry at
jgipper@opensystems-publishing.com.
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Industry Analysis
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Eclipse and the eight embedded
software life cycle truths
By Don Dingee
S
oftware development jobs in military embedded systems are filled
with life cycle challenges, and
they probably are not exactly what
we learned in college. I’ll list them as
the eight embedded software life cycle
truths:
1. Embedded code has to be supported
forever.
2. It’s more fun to develop new stuff,
but most of us get paid to maintain
existing stuff (at least a non-trivial
part of the time).
3. To support code, it’s wise to archive
both the source and the tools it was
built with (like some people who
store a VCR with those old tapes of
the family vacation).
4. Development tools haven’t always
played well together, sometimes new
versions of toolsets from the same
vendor don’t get along with previous
versions, and it gets more challenging
with multiple vendors involved.
5. Just when the tools are working
well and we’re comfortable, there’s
newer technology we are compelled
to look at.
6. To reduce risk (both technical and
personal), we wait to upgrade software development tools as long
as possible, preferably when starting
a new project and there is a clean
break.
7. The people that developed both the
code and the tools around today in
all likelihood aren’t the people who
are going to be dealing with them in
10 years.
8. “Forever” is a long time and there
is not much anyone can do about it,
especially if we are the ones who
just took ownership of the code in
year 10.
This is admittedly somewhat pessimistic, but I’ll bet this pain sounds familiar.
Fortunately, there is a solution emerging to
help invalidate some of these truths: enter
open source and the Eclipse Integrated
Development Environment (IDE).
12 / 2005
Eclipse is very similar to that toolbox
most folks have in their house. The one
with screwdrivers, a hammer, a socket
set, Channellocks, Vise-Grips, a few
Allen wrenches, and whatever other odds
and ends end up in there. It started with
a few indispensable tools, and new tools
are added as needed, but rarely do any
get tossed unless they absolutely break or
something much better is found.
Eclipse development tools are built with
open source on an open-standard framework. By definition, tool developers are
strongly incentivized to make things play
together. Here’s how it should work for
developers: choose an Eclipse-based environment with tools for code development,
testing, debug, source control, and build
control. Now select best-of-breed Eclipse
plug-ins from a variety of sources to make
it exactly fit the needs. New tool functionality requirements? Get new plug-ins.
New microprocessor? Update the processor support files with XML. Found a better tool than the one in use? Switch to it
without throwing away all the rest of the
tools in the environment.
Embedded technology vendors received
the message loud and clear and are getting
on board with Eclipse in droves. Here is
a list of some of the embedded technologies I’ve found searching the Internet for
Eclipse IDE support.
■ Operating systems: Linux in several
flavors including versions from
LynuxWorks, MontaVista, TimeSys,
and Wind River is supported. Numerous RTOSs including LynuxWorks
LynxOS, Enea OSE, Accelerated Technology Nucleus, QNX Neutrino, and
Wind River VxWorks are supported.
■ Processors: 1750A, ARM, Blackfin,
MIPS, Pentium, PowerPC, SPARC,
TI MSP430, and Xscale processors
are supported.
■ FPGAs and SoCs: Both Altera and
Xilinx FPGA tools are Eclipse based,
as are Tensilica and CoWare for SoC
development.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
■ Languages: Java and C++ are
well supported, along with HTML,
Perl, PHP, Python, and XML. Aonix
has support for Ada. The University
of Illinois and Los Alamos National
Laboratories have support for
FORTRAN. I even ran across
plug-ins for Pascal and COBOL,
and it looks like DDC-I is pondering
Jovial support.
■ Structured development: SlickEdit
has a new version of their editor for
Eclipse, and some folks at MIT have
done an Emacs plug-in. Source control tools such as Rational ClearCase
and Serena PVCS are supported.
Catalyst Systems’ Openmake helps
to automate and control the build
process, and Telelogic SYNERGY
automates the change management
process. Cadena is a plug-in developed at Kansas State University for
modeling and building CORBA
components.
My apologies to the vendors I have probably left out, but my point is there is a lot of
embedded Eclipse technology out there,
either commercially available or posted as
a contributed plug-in.
What is driving this proliferation of
Eclipse tools for embedded? The answer:
life cycle costs. Eclipse tools help the
vendor’s development teams and their
customers deal with the 10-plus year life
cycles familiar to most developers in military embedded systems. It’s a win-win
situation for the vendors doing the work
because it provides value for their customers while also reducing their costs.
Defense programs are already developing in Eclipse. Accenture used tools from
ILOG to build graphical elements of the
US Air Force Effects-Based Operation
planning tools. Boeing built parts of the
Bold Stroke avionics mission-control
system using Cadena. As previously mentioned, Eclipse work is being conducted
at Los Alamos National Laboratories and
other US government labs.
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Industry Analysis
Let’s look at our eight embedded software
life cycle truths again. This time with the
potential benefits of Eclipse in mind:
1. Supporting code forever: Eclipse
won’t change this, but maybe
Congress will pass a statute of
limitations on support for fielded
military embedded systems.
It could happen.
2. Supporting old stuff: If we have to,
it should be in the same environment
as the new stuff. Eclipse is impacting
this as developers solving this exact
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
problem create more plug-ins to
deal with the old stuff in the new
environment, such as the team at
Los Alamos dealing with their
FORTRAN.
3. Archiving tools with code: This need
may be greatly reduced with Eclipse.
We certainly won’t have to archive the
environment, but there might be some
older plug-ins like compilers and
processor descriptions to keep around.
When we get them out and dust them
off 10 years from now, they won’t
look totally foreign.
4. Development tools don’t always play
together: things seem to be playing
together nicely, especially in the latest
Eclipse 3.0 framework.
5. Darn, we just got the bugs out of these
tools: When that new microprocessor
shows up, just ask for the new Eclipse
plug-ins and XML files that support
it. When somebody says we have to
move to object-oriented techniques,
get the CORBA plug-ins. There won’t
be as much reason to fear sweeping
progress as technology advances.
6. We fear change: The risk of a tools
upgrade is greatly reduced, again due
to the plug-in strategy. Developers can
create two Eclipse perspectives, one
with the old plug-ins and one with the
new plug-ins.
7. We’ll be gone in 10 years: Each of
us will be so productive with Eclipse
that with any luck we’ll advance in
our careers and won’t have to work on
the 10-year-old stuff.
8. “Forever” is a long time: We can do
something, choose Eclipse, and the
problems will be lessened 10 years
from now. And, there’s always a
chance the person we help will be
ourselves.
Eclipse is only the toolbox, solving the
life cycle problem really depends on the
tools we select to put in it and how skilled
we are at using them. What are you seeing
out there with Eclipse tools that work for
you? Drop me a line.
Don Dingee is the editorial director
of PCI Express Resource Guide. He
has more than 23 years’ experience
in marketing, selling and designing
embedded computing products and is
the co-founder of Embedify LLC. Don’s
product marketing experience includes
11 new embedded computing product
launches, and he co-authored the EBX
specification in 1997. Before co-founding Embedify, Don’s career featured
leadership positions in marketing and
sales at the Motorola Computer Group,
and design and new business acquisition
roles at General Dynamics. Don holds
a Master of Science degree in Electrical
Engineering from the University of
Southern California and a Bachelor of
Science degree in Electrical Engineering
from California State Polytechnic
University, Pomona.
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14 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
For further information, contact Don at
ddingee@opensystems-publishing.com.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS
Resource Guide 2005 / 15
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Industry Analysis
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Telecom technology and the military:
Initiatives and standards
By Joe Pavlat
C
hanges in information technology have already affected the
global balance of power. The
collapse of the Soviet Union was
facilitated by these changes. The Soviet
style of communism and centralized control of the economy led to its collapse in
part because it was not compatible with
the requirements of the information age.
Improvements in information technologies have helped strengthen free markets
and democratic forces worldwide and
have also increased international trade
and investment.
Some of the global consequences of the
changes are reflected in the weakening of
government control over society and the
shifting of power away from governments
to non-governmental organizations, small
groups, and individuals. Knowledge
gained by more and better information
makes individuals and organizations more
powerful and is a significant force behind
democratization efforts in the Middle East
and the former Soviet states.
Militarily, as both Gulf wars have demonstrated, the United States is very good at
exploiting advances in information technology, in part due to the high quality of
its personnel and training. The US military
has an unsurpassed ability to adopt and
integrate complex technical systems into
preexisting forces and structures. This
military technological prowess is backed
by a solid civilian technical base and wellestablished markets for computers, software, and Internet services. With major initiatives such as Commercial-Off-the-Shelf
(COTS), there is good cross pollination of
civilian and military computer technology,
and open standards are an important part
of that. Interestingly, most other nations
depend on our systems and technology for
their civilian and military needs.
Recent advances in technology offer warplanners and warfighters a multitude of
new opportunities. One of the major programs underway to exploit these advances
is the Warfighter Information Network-
16 / 2005
Tactical (WIN-T). WIN-T is an evolving
and highly integrated Command, Control,
Communications, Computers, Intelligence,
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (C4ISR)
network comprised of commercially based
COTS components. It is expected that tens
of billions of dollars will be spent on this
program in the next decade.
Commercial telecom technology is the
backbone of the WIN-T architecture, providing simultaneous voice, imagery, data,
and video communications in a highlysecure network. Telecom technologies
including Asynchronous Transfer Mode
(ATM) data transport, wireless highcapacity networks, Voice over Internet
Protocol (VoIP), and PCS cellular services are all part of WIN-T.
While people often think of ruggedized
military electronics as being the most
robust available, commercial telecom
systems are arguably much more robust
in important ways. Rather than building
systems with singular resources that represent single points of failure, telecom
systems are usually built using redundant components and software to manage
them. Failed components are dynamically
and often automatically switched out of
the system and replacement resources
are switched in. While it is true that military electronics generally must operate in
greater extremes of temperature, shock,
and vibration, the underlying architectures of telecom systems are usually more
robust, fault tolerant, and scalable.
Today, the architecture of both civilian and
military electronics is largely determined
by the silicon and software developed for
civilian commercial products. This silicon
and software is undergoing an architectural sea change as technology evolution
takes us from conventional parallel bused
backplane architectures (including VME
and PCI) to switched serial interconnects,
often called switch fabrics.
The first open standard, released in 2001,
for switched fabrics was PICMG 2.16. The
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
While people often think
of ruggedized military
electronics as being the
most robust available,
commercial telecom
systems are arguably
much more robust in
important ways.
PICMG 2.16 architecture supplants (and
often entirely replaces) the CompactPCI
parallel backplane with a dual, redundant
10/100/1000 Ethernet switch fabric. This
architecture has several key advantages
over its predecessors.
First, PICMG 2.16 systems with no parallel data bus do not have the weakness that
a single shorted data line can bring down
the entire system. The links between processors are redundant serial links going
through a switch. If a single board fails,
it is merely switched out of operation and
subsequently shut down. The switching
resources themselves are dually redundant, so if a switch fails there is another
one available to take over. Second, the sustained data transfer rate in a single chassis
jumps from the few hundred MBps seen in
VME or traditional CompactPCI to over
40 Gbps. Third, failed boards may be hot
swapped out and replacements swapped
in without turning off the power or otherwise disturbing a running system.
PICMG 2.16 systems are ideal for packetized data of many kinds, and are a
popular choice for VoIP applications.
Ruggedized and militarized conduction-cooled versions are available from
many suppliers, and the popularity of
PICMG 2.16 continues to grow. Figure 1
shows a ruggedized SBS Technologies
CompactPCI chassis for avionics applications that equals or exceeds traditional
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
connect platforms is AdvancedTCA,
developed by PICMG, and released in
late 2002. AdvancedTCA was developed
for demanding telecom applications that
often require that a system remain working for 30 years (>250,000 hours) without interruption. AdvancedTCA provides
many features that will become highly
desirable for military equipment designers as the technology broadens its application space.
Figure 1
ATR-style enclosures while leveraging
leading-edge telecom standards.
The VME community has adapted the
move towards switched serial interconnects with the VITA 31.1 standard, which
combines special VME cards with standard PICMG 2.16 switch cards. The
emerging VITA 41 VXS standard creates
a 2.16-like native VME architecture with
a switched fabric, adding system management, an important element for managing
redundant resources.
The most powerful and sophisticated
open standard for switched serial inter-
AdvancedTCA systems offer fully
redundant DC power feeds, hot-swap
capability, a sophisticated system management architecture, and 200 W per
slot thermal capability. These systems
are designed to meet tough telecom
NEBS environmental standards. A wide
range of fabric topologies and interconnect technologies, including Ethernet,
PCI Express Advanced Switching,
StarFabric, and Serial Rapid I/O are supported. Heterogeneous processor types,
including DSPs, network processors, and
general-purpose processors can be used
and intermixed. Backplane data rates can
exceed 2.5 Tbps in fully loaded 16-slot
AdvancedTCA systems using a full mesh
fabric topology. Figure 2 depicts two-
and six-slot AdvancedTCA systems from
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions.
Figure 2
One emerging and soon to be released
standard that will be appealing to designers of deeply embedded small military
computer systems is the Computer on
Module (COM Express) specification.
This is an entirely new PICMG specification that defines a feature rich small form
factor embedded computer board. It can
function alone or serve as a processor
mezzanine board that plugs onto a base
board containing application-specific I/O.
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A wide range of peripherals, including
video, USB, Serial ATA, Ethernet, PCI,
and PCI Express signals are supported.
COM Express boards provide a standardized interface in a small footprint of
95 mm by 125 mm. Figure 3 shows a
COM Express single board computer
from RadiSys Corporation.
One important benefit of COM Expressbased designs is a fair amount of protection from parts obsolescence, which
plagues military electronics designers. An
important use of COM Express processor
boards is as a processor mezzanine board
Figure 3
that plugs into a base board that contains
application-specific electronics. COM
Express processor boards that become
obsolete can easily be replaced with newer
or more powerful versions. Expensive and
difficult software upgrades are simplified
as chip specific software that used to be
contained in cumbersome board support
packages is now provided as a standardized (and free) Application Programming
Interface (API) by the chip manufacturer.
While both commercial civilian and military systems will continue to have unique
needs, there is a great deal of technology
and standards development work coming
out of the civilian sector. This directly
benefits next generation, highly integrated
and sophisticated military communications systems. As the military follows the
same course as civilian information technology with its move towards packetized
data, open civilian standards will play a
greater part in next generation military
communications systems. The ability to
deliver any data anytime to any warfighter
or warplanner anywhere will truly allow
the American military to attain Sun Tzu’s
ultimate acme of skill.
Joe Pavlat is the editorial director
of CompactPCI and AdvancedTCA
Systems. He has more than 30 years’
experience in the embedded computer
industry. He is currently president
and chairman of the PCI Industrial
Manufacturers Group (PICMG), an
industry consortium that develops open
computer standards for the industrial
control, instrumentation, and communications markets. Joe holds a Bachelor’s
degree in Computer Science from the
University of Wisconsin.
For further information, contact Joe at
jpavlat@opensystems-publishing.com.
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Space-ready, radiationtolerant processor modules:
A COTS technology strategy
By Anthony Lai
The processing power available from today’s off-the-shelf
embedded technology and boards far exceeds that available
only two years ago. However, in space-based applications,
technology that is five and ten years old is commonplace. The
requirement to survive the rough trip into space, and the incessant radiation of in-space service has often necessitated using
older and lower-performing radiation-tolerant electronics.
But that’s begun to change. COTS modules loaded with leadingedge components are finding their way into orbit and deep space
missions. Radiation-tolerant processors are now available, and
board-level design techniques such as redundancy and voting
logic can be utilized to bring desktop performance to space applications. A careful design strategy – tailored to the end application
– can yield high performance in high-radiation systems.
Now that President Bush’s space exploration vision is receiving
initial funding, NASA is gearing up to realize the Administration’s
mandate to explore Mars and beyond. NASA is preparing a host
of options and plans, the likes of which the space industry has
not seen since the Apollo program. As before, technology will be
the cornerstone and the space community is in search of a nextgeneration processor module that can meet the immediate and
future demand of the country’s return to space.
Furthermore, design engineers want processing power and I/O flexibility that meets or exceeds what is available on their desktop, and
capabilities that are at least on par with contemporary benign environment embedded processor modules. And with the requirement
for maximum technology reuse across multiple systems in satellites and space vehicles – from the avionics suite to payload packages – settling on a processor module that meets multiple system
requirements simplifies the overall design task and maximizes the
investment against the harsh nuclear and particle effects of space.
The good news is that unlike the Apollo program, where
proprietary processors and subsystems were designed from
scratch, modern Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) technology
can meet NASA’s space demands. However, this is only true as
long as appropriate design attention is paid to mitigate the space
environmental effects of Total Ionizing Dose (TID), Single Event
Effects (SEEs), and induced data errors.
Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle (EELV) program will provide
a larger payload capability to succeed in these missions.
The survival and operational environment experienced by space
electronics will also become much more severe as the EELVs
penetrate deeper into space and rely on nuclear power to operate
electronics. Furthermore, the aerospace industry is hard-pressed
to provide more onboard processing and data storage capabilities
for high bandwidth real-time data from various types of advanced
remote sensors. Some general space-requirements for an openstandard processor module are shown in Table 1.
Typical mission-critical space system applications that require a
next-generation processing element include:
■
■
■
■
■
Mission computer with redundancy
Flight guidance and navigation computer
Solid state recorder
Health monitoring computer
Robotic manipulator controller
General Requirement
Comment
Performance
Processor module needs
unparalleled processing power
to handle complex tasks for
challenging missions.
Open architecture
Allows multiple vendors, standard
interface electronics, modular I/O,
longer life cycle.
Low- and Mid-Earth Orbits,
Geosynchronous Orbits,
deep space, and the
terrestrial environment of
moons and other planets
Processor module must
evolve to offer various levels of
radiation hardness to survive and
operate missions in many space
environments.
Nuclear-powered
vehicles
Deep space applications and habitats
in other planets may not rely on
solar/battery power; instead, an
onboard nuclear unit supplies power.
Electronics must withstand close
proximity to the nuclear unit.
Multisystem use/reuse
Processor module must be useable
in multiple roles on the vehicle:
from avionics to payload to general
housekeeping (such as mass
storage). Also, specialty applications
such as a robotic arm should benefit
from the same processor module.
Traveling in space requires
a launch and a re-entry
with possible intermediate
docking in space
Processor module must be able
to survive and operate through
the severe launch and re-entry
environments for multiple planets.
Basic requirements
Any new processor design must target the needs of affordable, yet
high-performance open-architecture avionics to field in Low-Earth
Orbits (LEO), Mid-Earth Orbits (MEO), Geosynchronous Orbits
(GEO), and deep space missions. An open architecture enables
modularity and flexibility in a system of systems design. With
NASA planning to launch human exploration missions to planets
such as the moon and Mars, a launch vehicle developed under the
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Table 1
Radiation characteristics
Regardless of the capabilities of a specific processor module, all
onboard electronics must operate in the intended environment of
space. As shown in Table 1, typical space electronics are designed
for two levels of radiation hardness to accommodate specific
needs of either the LEO/MEO and Mars/lunar terrestrial environment, or the GEO and deep space environment. For LEO/MEO
and terrestrial missions, typical electronics should be designed to
meet the following minimum requirements:
Functional Requirement
Comments
Microprocessor
PowerPC processor is available today
with superior performance, low-power
consumption and inherent radiation
capabilities.
Microprocessor Caches
ECC and parity protected on-die L1
and L2 cache provides mitigation to
SEE.
Volatile Memory
SDRAM arranged in a triple voting
architecture (three bits per cell)
ensures the processor always
receives the best available data and
instructions.
Non-Volatile Boot
Memory
Dual-redundant boot Flash
maximizes alternate paths to start a
flight application in case corruption
occurs in firmware and/or application
images.
Non-Volatile User
Memory
ECC-corrected user Flash memory
provides real-time correction
and detection to data corrupted
by SEEs.
Legacy I/O Interface
RS-422 UART interfaces provide a
console development port and legacy
sensor interface.
I/O Expansion
Conduction-cooled PCI Mezzanine
Card slot for flexible and modular
I/O expansion.
■ Single Event Latchup (SEL) with LET > 37 MeV•cm2/mg
■ Single Event Upset (SEU) rate of less than 1 error every
25 years in LEO orbits
For much more severe geosynchronous applications where the
effects of earth’s Van Allen belts are felt, or deep space applications where the solar storm puts extreme radiation stress on
integrated circuits, a processor module and associated electronics
must be designed to meet the following requirements:
■ Component TID > 100 krad (Si)
■ SEL with LET > 37 MeV•cm2/mg
■ SEU rate of less than one error every year
Specific requirements
There are multiple techniques to make a processor module suitable
for use in various types of earth orbiting and deep space missions.
In order to survive and operate in these space environments with
superior performance in a small and industry-standard size, the
specific characteristics of a typical radiation-tolerant processor
module are shown in Table 2. Note that two fundamental assumptions are made: that conduction-cooling is required in the absence
of air; and an industry-standard module such as CompactPCI or
VME meets the need for interoperability, upgradeability (during
a long design and qualification program), and modularity.
Table 2
Proposed space module
Referring back to the requirements in Table 2, the heart of a
COTS radiation-tolerant processor module must be a highperformance, modular, low-power RISC microprocessor to meet
the ever growing application demands of today’s and tomorrow’s
robotic space missions. As an inherent feature of the Silicon-onInsulator (SOI) wafer manufacturing process, this type of microprocessor is designed and tested to meet and exceed very high
levels of radiation hardness. And as a side benefit, the SOI wafer
manufacturing technology greatly reduces power consumption and
therefore significantly increases the possible clock rates and, subsequently, achieves a processor speed with a throughput of over
1,500 Dhrystone MIPs. Other COTS microprocessors manufactured with typical CMOS-based technologies cannot even meet the
lower, LEO/MEO level of radiation hardness as specified earlier.
To ensure reliability in the space radiation environment, it is necessary to use radiation-tolerant devices for the PowerPC system
controller (PCI bridge and memory controllers) and other critical
system functions, including user-programmable timers and counters, a safety watchdog management subsystem tied to an external radiation-hardened watchdog supervisor, reset mechanisms,
CompactPCI bridge, and all the “usual” radiation mitigation
schemes. PCI and CompactPCI bus interfaces are suggested to
offer an industry-standard I/O expansion slot via a PMC site and
to access to a modular bus system via a CompactPCI backplane.
Generally, the smaller the board’s and subsequent chassis subsystem’s form factor, the easier it is to fit into smaller satellites and
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robotic vehicles. In this instance, 3U CompactPCI offers superior
board functionality to size ratio and available user-defined backplane I/O pins in comparison to other 6U size bus technologies
(such as VME). Although this ratio is seemingly relative and arbitrary, the benefits offered by worldwide industry standards, open
systems computing architectures, and economies of scale far outweigh the initial and maintaining cost limitations of yesterday’s
purpose built and proprietary point designs.
Volatile RAM memory subsystem
Several techniques can be implemented in the volatile memory
to ensure reliable mission operations with onboard flight software to enhance the radiation hardness of a space-based processor board. Several technical papers also discuss the Single Event
Effects (SEE) of the processor and the side effects introduced by
the instruction and data caches[1].
While radiation affects all semiconductors, memory devices are
particularly sensitive to space-based effects. Random access memories such as Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
(SDRAM) are particularly prone to flipping bits or erasure,
depending upon the space environment. Based on previous proton
and heavy ion testing performed on device types, onboard volatile
memory resources can be protected from radiation effects by using
a number of strategies. One effective technique with SDRAM uses
triple redundancy with voting mechanism logic incorporated in a
radiation-tolerant Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA).
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SDRAM is used heavily in providing the actual instructions
and data to the processor to execute processor instructions. In
a redundant, triple-voting mechanism at the component level,
three separate banks of SDRAM are implemented to maintain
the data integrity. The SDRAM controller and the majority rule,
triple-voting mechanism can be implemented in anti-fuse FPGAs
(as opposed to Standard Random Access Memory-based FPGAs)
for radiation hardness and reliability. Figure 1 shows the triplevoting mechanism of a volatile memory scheme that enables
simultaneous writes to three memory banks in real time and corrects data read in triple-voting methodology.
As mentioned, selecting an embedded processor such as the
PowerPC yields performance of over 1,500 Dhrystone MIPs.
However, in order to maintain such processor throughput, the
internal L1 and L2 cache memory must be enabled. Both L1 and
L2 caches reside on the same SOI die as the processor and there-
Figure 1
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fore have the same inherent radiation characteristics as the processor. The internal L2 cache has a capacity of 512 KB and utilizes
an eight-bit Error Correction Code (ECC) for every 64-bit word
in memory. The ECC logic is used to correct a majority of single
bit errors and detect multiple bit errors. The L2 tags also support
parity and by-way locking. The L1 cache has a 32 KB Instruction
Cache and 32 KB data cache; both types of cache are eight-way
set associative and the L1 cache tags support parity, as well.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
the control logic to implement the watchdog timer and the overwritten operations are also implemented in an anti-fuse FPGA.
Dual-redundant boot Flash is controlled by a radiation-hardened
watchdog supervisor function (see Figure 2). The redundant
Flash is used to boot up if the watchdog expires without an initial
service from the boot-up firmware and subsequent service by the
flight application.
Non-volatile ROM
Similar to the protection scheme for RAM, the integrity of extensive firmware utilities stored in boot Flash can also be guaranteed
by dual redundancy (two independent banks of boot Flash) in
combination with a watchdog mechanism. Software-independent radiation-hardened circuitry is the key component of this
watchdog mechanism and the design expects a periodic service
generated by the firmware or the flight software application. The
redundancy scheme maximizes an opportunity to boot successfully after an initiated or environment-induced reset (software
reset, or a power cycle reset, or a SEE).
The dual-redundant scheme works as follows: upon power up, the
radiation-tolerant module must successfully start the flight software, and any one defective boot Flash can be overwritten by the
contents of the intact boot Flash to provide two identical copies
for future start up operations. A hardware register can be added
to provide a status if such overwritten operations were performed
during the last reset. For further assurance against soft errors,
Figure 2
Besides boot Flash, additional non-volatile user memory is
required to store the user’s application and data such as digital
filter coefficients or static data tables. The user Flash is often
NOR Flash to provide best performance in random access
scenarios. It is further enhanced with an ECC correction algorithm integrated with the Flash memory controller inside an
anti-fuse FPGA. As shown in Figure 3, the user Flash controller calculates and writes ECC syndromes to the third Flash
bank while data is written in 32-bit mode to the other two user
Flash banks. The ECC mechanism corrects single-bit errors
and detects multi-bit errors. When the processor initiates a read
request to the user Flash, a CRC checksum is calculated and
compared against the stored value. If the two checksums are
different, a single-bit correction will be attempted or the flight
software will be notified with a multi-bit error in the Flash.
Similar to the intent of dual redundant boot Flash, the ECCprotected user Flash is also designed to mitigate SEE.
Figure 3
System-level functions
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As shown in Table 2, there is more to a radiation-tolerant system processor besides the CPU and memory subsystems. A local
expansion slot is an attractive feature because it enables additional
mission or application specific I/O interfaces to be inserted into
a single-slot solution and maintains the same system processor
as a building block. This feature is particularly important when
a system has a high-speed I/O interface and the high bandwidth
traffic can be localized to a dedicated bus on the
processor instead of an external bus system.
For communication among other cards, a bus
interface is desirable to allow expanding multiple
system processors to perform redundant or different tasks. Moreover, a bus system provides access
to additional I/O features that cannot fit onto a
daughter card. One application example of such
an I/O card is a motor controller, which typically
has high current and large components that do not
fit in any industry-standard I/O card form factor.
An example of such expansion and bus interfaces is the implementation of a local PCI bus
for an onboard PMC site implemented in an
FPGA. The same FPGA approach is used for
the external CompactPCI bus. It is essential that
the CompactPCI bus interface be designed to
operate as either a master or slave controller to
allow maximum system flexibility. In the case
of a master controller, the interface should support up to eight
PCI devices in a standard CompactPCI backplane (the maximum
amount without additional bridging).
The UART control logic for legacy serial channels can also be
implemented in an FPGA, while the serial transceivers are implemented using bipolar space-qualified devices. Timers or counters
can also be implemented in an FPGA to provide auxiliary timing
functions for the flight software and execution of time-based software development tools.
Figure 4
MS in Electrical Engineering from UCLA as well as a BA in
Electrical and Computer Engineering with a minor in Applied
Mathematics from UC Irvine.
For further information, contact Anthony at:
Aitech Defense Systems, Inc.
9001 Oakdale Avenue • Chatsworth, CA 91311
Tel: 866-388-0712
E-mail: sales@rugged.com • Website: www.rugged.com
COTS radiation-tolerant board
We have described the ideal mitigation techniques for designing a radiation-tolerant processor card. Many of the individual
techniques have been introduced in the past, but they are now
implemented together to provide integrated radiation hardness
enhancements at the board level in the Aitech S950 product.
Figure 4 depicts the functional block diagram of the S950 and
shows the flow of processing functions among the processor,
memory elements, and expansion I/O or bus interfaces.
By incorporating dual footprints for various components in the
design, this product comes with an engineering unit that is a form,
fit, and functional equivalent to the flight unit. The engineering
design units allow for rapid prototypes of space missions with
software compatibility for the flight configuration. For different
space environments, the processor card is offered in two flight
configurations to accommodate customers’ environmental and
operational requirements. O
References
1. F. Irom, F. F. Farmanesh, A. H. Johnston, G. M. Swift and D. G.
Millward, Single-Event Upset in Commercial Silicon-on-Insulator
PowerPC Microprocessor, IEEE Trans. on Nucl. Sci., vol. 49, no. 6,
pp. 3148-3155, Dec. 2002.
Anthony Lai Anthony is currently space product business development manager for Aitech.
He has more than 15 years of experience in
space avionics design and development for
radiation tolerant computer products. Prior
to joining Aitech, he led several avionics payload designs at Jet Propulsion Laboratory,
including the Mars 2003 Rover prototype (FIDO). Lai has an
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Meeting Software Defined
Radio cost and power targets:
Making SDR feasible
By Manuel Uhm and Jean Belzile
The vision of software reconfigurable
radios is finally a reality, but implementations are not as efficient as they could
be. Although the radio itself can be programmed to realize multiple waveforms
for joint service interoperability, current
implementations require redundant hardware for multiple channels.
A better approach is to use higher performing programmable logic that can
be partially reconfigured in-system.
This shared resources method allows
not only the radio to implement multiple
waveforms, but eliminates redundant
per-channel hardware. Partially reconfigurable FPGAs will save space, weight,
power, and cost.
Today, Software-Defined Radios (SDRs)
are becoming a reality in the military
through programs such as the Joint
Tactical Radio System (JTRS). However,
two critical issues continue to limit the
practical deployment of SDR: power and
cost. Specifically, current implementations of SDRs, including JTRS Cluster 1
radios, consume more power than is desirable. This results in lower-battery life, as
well as excessive thermal dissipation.
Furthermore, they are still too expensive
to make widespread deployment cost
effective.
Dedicated resources vs.
shared resources
The current model for implementing an
SDR modem is known as a dedicated
resources model. It is called dedicated
resources because there is a set of processing resources that is dedicated to a radio
channel where each channel typically represents one type of radio waveform, such
as Single-Channel Ground and Airborne
Radio System (SINCGARS). In this case,
the processing resources consist of an A/D,
D/A, FPGA, Digital Signal Processor
(DSP), and General-Purpose Processor
(GPP). In order to implement an N-channel radio, N sets of processing resources
are required. This is illustrated in Figure 1
for a four-channel SDR modem supporting a Software Communications Architecture Core Framework (SCA CF), as
mandated for JTRS. Current four-channel
SCA-enabled SDR modem implementation requires a dedicated set of hardware
for each channel (Figure 1). The more
channels the SDR must support, the more
hardware it contains. This adversely
affects power consumption and cost.
From a functional perspective, this model
of dedicated resources for each channel
has been proven to work well. However,
it is an inefficient usage of the process-
In order to move forward with successful
deployment, these are issues that must be
addressed by all SDR programs, including military and commercial. Fortunately,
the technology is now available to address
these issues in a significant manner by
decreasing the number of components
while still providing the necessary functionality. What is this magic technology?
It is the latest generation of high-density
Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs)
that allow in-system partial reconfiguration. Even though the technology is
applied in an unclassified SDR modem, it
is worth noting that it’s also applicable to
other critical subsystems of an SDR, such
as the RF front end, I/O, and crypto.
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ing resources, resulting in excess power
consumption and cost. For example, with
regard to cost in this model, the subsystem level cost of the modem scales
linearly with the number of channels
being supported. However, from a parts
cost perspective, parts for all channels of
the radio must be selected for the worst
case scenario; that is, the processing
resources must be able to support the largest waveform (the Wideband Networking
Waveform for Cluster 1 radios), such that
if only a small waveform like SINCGARS
is instantiated, most of that channel’s processing resources are not utilized.
This has a significant impact on driving
up the cost of the modem. Obviously, the
problem gets exacerbated as one scales
the model further. The JTRS Cluster for
Airborne, Maritime, and Fixed (JTRS
AMF) installations, for example, requires
some radios to support eight channels.
This also has an obvious impact on power
consumption. Even if all the channels
are not being utilized, the processing
resources are still drawing some amount
of power.
A more efficient model for an SDR modem
is referred to as a shared resources model.
Unlike the dedicated resources model,
Figure 1
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this architecture offers the capability to
support multiple waveforms across a
single set of processing resources, allowing for much more efficient usage of the
resources. The number of waveforms
that can be supported is a function of the
size of the waveform and the size of the
available processing resources. A multichannel SCA-enabled SDR modem using
shared resources rather than dedicated
resources is shown in Figure 2. In this
instance, five channels supporting one
wideband waveform and four narrowband waveforms have been implemented,
while reducing the part count from 20 to
a mere four components, (each functional
block, as shown.) Implementation of this
technology can result in a production cost
and power consumption that is two to
three times lower.
Also notice that in this architecture, the
GPP from the dedicated resources model
that manages the modem infrastructure and operating environment (which
is, POSIX-compliant RTOS, CORBA
ORB, SCA CF) has been integrated into
the FPGA, and the FPGA is doing all
the heavy digital signal processing. The
embedded GPP is also a natural fit for
the light signal processing, such as synchronization loop control, and the upper
protocol layers such as link and network
layers. Essentially, the FPGA is an SCAenabled System-On-a-Chip (SoC). This
contributes to the cost and power savings,
beyond just using the shared resources
model, by removing two parts per channel
card: the discrete GPP and the DSP.
It is also worth noting that both models
illustrated here are using 100-percent
commercially available components.
In the shared resources model, the SoC
FPGA is a mid- to large-sized Xilinx
Virtex-II PRO FPGA with an embedded
IBM 405 PowerPC core, but could be a
next-generation Virtex-4 FX FPGA, also
with an embedded IBM 405 core.
Enabling technology
The technology that enables this shared
resources model is partial reconfiguration of FPGAs. Partial reconfiguration
is the ability for an application, such as
a waveform, to be dynamically configured or reconfigured in a portion of the
device, while other portions are either
under use by other applications or unused.
This allows support for multiple independent applications concurrently in a single
FPGA, which is somewhat analogous to
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Figure 2
dynamic task switching or multitasking of
a GPP. Without this capability, it would be
necessary to reconfigure the entire FPGA
to support a different application, which
would result in the loss of all previous
applications.
For example, if an FPGA was configured
to support a SINCGARS communications
link, it would have to be fully reconfigured to support an Enhanced Location
Position Reporting System (EPLRS)
communications link, resulting in the loss
of the SINCGARS link, regardless of how
much left over logic there may be in the
FPGA. Clearly this is unacceptable for a
radio. This is why the current Cluster 1
implementation, which does not support
this capability, must use an inefficient
dedicated resources model to support
multiple channels.
In order to implement partial reconfiguration on an FPGA, three basic elements are
required:
■ An FPGA which inherently supports dynamic reconfiguration of
only portions of the device while
leaving the other portions unaffected,
such as the Xilinx Virtex family of
FPGAs. The Virtex family is column
reconfigurable, meaning that individual columns of logic within the
device can be dynamically reconfigured, independent of the rest of the
columns.
■ Partial reconfiguration software
development tools which support the
development of applications restricted
to boundaries which comply with the
hardware architecture of the FPGA.
For the Virtex family, tools must be
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
available to restrict applications to
columns to match the columnar
architecture.
■ At least a basic controller must be
available to dynamically manage
the reconfiguration of the FPGA.
This could be an embedded GPP, a
soft core GPP (such as the Xilinx
MicroBlaze core), or an external
GPP connected to the FPGA. In
this shared resources model, the
same embedded GPP that is running the modem infrastructure and
operating environment is also
managing the partial reconfiguration
of the FPGAs.
So why has this Commercial Off-the-Shelf
(COTS) technology not been adopted for
current SDR modem implementations,
such as JTRS Cluster 1? The reason is
simple: although COTS hardware has
been available to support this technology
for some time, COTS software development tools have not been available to
make such application designs feasible.
This is no longer the case. Standard tools
from Xilinx are available by request for
Virtex-II PRO today and for Virtex-4 in
the fourth quarter of 2005.
Supporting shared resources in
an SCA-enabled radio
A shared resources model enabled by partial reconfiguration of an FPGA to support
multiple waveforms can be supported by
the SCA as mandated for JTRS. In fact,
partial reconfiguration can be viewed as
creating two classes of firmware: static
and dynamic. Static firmware is normally
common to all waveforms, such as digital
down converters, and/or provides infrastructure services such as accessing chips
like ADCs, DACs, and I/Os. This type of
firmware is instantiated once at power
up and stays valid for the duration of the
uptime of the radio. Static firmware maps
well to the SCA’s concept of a device.
represent static firmware and do not
change from waveform to waveform. This
includes the digital down and up con-
verter, internal shared buses (the Core
Connect bus for the embedded GPP) and
the interfaces to external devices, such as
On the other hand, dynamic firmware is
waveform dependent. The dynamic firmware is instantiated when the waveform
needs it. Thus, it makes sense to implement waveforms as a mix of software
and dynamic firmware. Because it is only
present in the FPGA when it is needed, the
concept of dynamic firmware is closely
related to that of a dynamic linked library.
Dynamic firmware maps well to the
SCA’s concept of a resource. Therefore, it
is simple and elegant to support in today’s
SCA-enabled radios.
This new firmware flexibility also creates
a paradigm shift. Now it allows waveforms to take advantage of the strengths
of each processor type for the most efficient implementation to minimize power
and size. Indeed, the firmware can handle
the highly regular signal processing with
great power efficiency while the processor can handle the exceptions and other
data-related issues such as switching,
routing, and so on. The resulting waveform is more power and size efficient than
both its firmware only and software only
equivalent.
Figure 3
Proven technology
The shared resources model using an
SCA-enabled SoC has been proven to
work today. Xilinx and ISR Technologies
have implemented this model in a COTS
Xilinx Virtex-II PRO-based SDR modem
from ISR Technologies. The demonstration system uses two modems, each supporting two independent applications:
a narrowband, 256 kbps waveform supporting a communications link between
two Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP)
phones and a wideband, 1024 kbps waveform supporting a streaming video link
between two laptop computers. Using a
COTS SCA CF from the Communications
Research Centre, the video link can be
instantiated and torn down while maintaining the communications link and vice
versa. More details on the demonstration
can be found in the December 2004 JTRS
JPO Technology Awareness Bulletin published by the JTRS Joint Program Office
at http://jtrs.army.mil/sections/technicalinformation/fset_technical.html.
Figure 3 is a floor plan of a Virtex-II
PRO-based SCA-enabled SDR modem
SoC supporting shared resources through
partial reconfiguration. Yellow areas
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Hardware
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
SCA operating environment. This effort
took approximately 10 man months in the
span of two months of elapsed time.
the A/D and D/A. The two applications
(waveform A and B) run independently in
the partially reconfigurable region in the
right hand side of the device. If necessary,
a larger waveform or smaller waveforms
could run in the same space.
Reconfigurability realized:
SDR’s real potential
For the demonstration system, the engineering effort included the development
of both waveforms, the development of
beta software development tools to constrain the applications to partially reconfigurable regions, and integration with the
Cost and power consumption are critical issues that hamper the feasibility and
deployment of SDRs today. Moving from
a dedicated resources model to a shared
resources model can significantly drive
down the cost and power consumption of
the modem by factors of two and greater
by reducing the number of components
required to provide a given set of functionality. This model should be seriously
considered for all new SDR development.
Even for existing SDRs, this capability
can be integrated through technology insertion to lower the production cost and
increase the radio’s battery life. Moreover,
future waveforms can easily be instantiated using existing, already-deployed
hardware. O
Manuel Uhm is
the DSP Marketing
Manager for Xilinx,
Inc. He is responsible for strategic
marketing within
the DSP Division
and is one of the
foremost experts in market segmentation
of FPGAs in digital signal processing
applications. Manuel is also currently
Co-Chair of the Markets Committee of
the SDR Forum. Prior to joining Xilinx,
Manuel worked at Spectrum Signal
Processing, Inc., a leader in SoftwareDefined Radio subsystems, where he was
responsible for marketing.
For more information, contact Manuel at:
Xilinx
2100 Logic Drive
San Jose, CA 95124-3400
Tel: 408-559-7778
Fax: 408-559-7114
E-mail: fpga@xilinx.com
Website: www.xilinx.com
Dr. Jean Belzile is a founder and CTO
of ISR Technologies. He is responsible
for the development of new technologies
such as SCA-based SoC wireless radios.
Dr Belzile has worked extensively on the
OMG SWRADIO DSIG. He has authored
or co-authored more than 50 papers and
patents in the fields of microelectronics and signal processing for digital
communication systems. Dr. Belzile is
also professor at École de Technologie
Supérieure.
For further information, contact Jean at:
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
ISR Technologies
1100 Notre-Dame Ouest
Montréal, Québec
Canada H3C 1K3
Tel: 514-396-8622 • Fax: 514-396-8684
E-mail: jbelzile@isr-t.com
Website: www.isr-technologies.com
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Software
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Standards and interoperability
to drive RTOS industry
Q & A with John Fanelli, VP of Product Planning,
Wind River Systems
EDITOR’S FOREWORD
Most experts agree: the VxWorks Real-Time Operating System (RTOS) is one of the most visible in embedded military systems
today. And for good reason. Wind River Systems has had a focus on military applications since the company’s inception. Over
the years, Wind River has continued to migrate its product line closer to defense applications, both through R&D efforts and
via acquisitions such as ISI (makers of pSOS).
As Wind River continues to expand its sphere into telecom, portable appliances and enterprise infrastructure, the military’s
never far from view and the company continues to improve VxWorks with new ties to Linux and the Eclipse environment.
Military Embedded Systems recently spent some time with John Fanelli, the man responsible for tying it all together. – Ed.
MIL EMBEDDED: Tell us briefly about
your company’s focus as applied to the
military.
FANELLI: Though Wind River’s business
continues to maintain a balanced portfolio among the major market segments
– automotive, consumer electronics, networking, industrial, and aerospace and
defense – the company has always relied
upon its aerospace and defense business
as one of its strongest and most consistent segments. Wind River VxWorks is
the most widely deployed RTOS in the
military, and is found at the heart of a
vast array of military systems, including F-35 (JSF), F-22, Global Hawk
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), most
US and European fighter aircraft, air,
land and sea missiles, helicopters, and
many miscellaneous military avionics
systems, among others.
According to market analysts at Venture
Development Corporation, we are the
acknowledged leader in both North
America and Europe for operating system
technology in the military. Additionally,
Wind River is focused on addressing the
safety critical and security requirements
of the military and is actively supporting
major programs in manned and unmanned
vehicles.
MIL EMBEDDED: We’ve heard from
a number of hardware vendors, but
what does Wind River see new in COTS
(Commercial Off-the-Shelf) and/or
military systems?
32 / 2005
FANELLI: Interoperability is the hot topic
today. Most of the technologies employed
by the individual US Services such as
the Army, Air Force, Navy, and Marines
are to a degree incompatible forcing the
field soldiers to improvise solutions to
overcome communication and bandwidth
limitations on existing systems. Key
programs include Joint Tactical Radio
Systems (JTRS) and the Global Information Grid.
Standards such as Multiple Independent
Levels of Security (MILS), POSIX, and
SCA, among others, are the foundation
of military interoperability, all the time.
Of course, reusability of technology is
important as well, but in order for this
to become more of a reality, the Joint
Services need to share development costs
across programs, something that is not
done today. Additionally, open source,
specifically Linux, is starting to spring up
more and more in military systems, which
is great since we support Linux.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the top
three embedded technologies you’re
seeing in the market today?
FANELLI: Trends include Multiple
Independent Levels of Security (MILS),
Integrated Modular Avionics (ARINC
653), and as highlighted before, Linux.
For example, classified and unclassified
information will coexist on the same
hardware platform using MILS technology, replacing the “stovepipe” solutions
that exist today.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
MIL EMBEDDED: What are some of
the key challenges the military faces
with COTS insertion and sustainment?
FANELLI: In order for software insertion to occur, it’s important that vendors
achieve conformance with standards such
as POSIX; Common Criteria certification
for moderate and high-assurance applications; and they must provide long-term
product support and software reuse for
sustainment.
Sustainment becomes equally more tractable if strict standards are applied and
adhered to. As systems require replacing
over the years, newer applications and
systems can more easily be inserted into
legacy systems if both pieces have been
designed to follow strict standards.
By embracing standards such as POSIX,
ARINC-653, and Eclipse, Wind River
and other vendors can help guide the
industry in the direction mandated by the
military to ensure an interoperable future
for device software systems.
MIL EMBEDDED: What effects will
market consolidation have on the
military customer?
FANELLI: I actually see synergies, not
consolidation “problems,” and the military
customer will benefit by some of them.
Some of these synergies occur around
the open-software development framework called Eclipse, where tools become
extendable plug-ins within a development
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide 2005 / 33
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Software
environment. That means access to more
technologies for these developers without
having to learn a new development environment, as well as the ability to develop,
debug, and deploy devices employing
heterogeneous operating systems.
MIL EMBEDDED: How is the topic
of “safety-critical software” affecting
designers’ COTS choices?
FANELLI: Development of safety-critical software is undergoing a shift as well.
Before, we had federated systems deployed
on a single hardware element, using a
COTS or home-grown OS. Today, we
see consolidation of applications onto an
ARINC- 653 platform using a COTS OS.
An example is the Boeing 787 program
where multiple vendors will build applications on Wind River’s ARINC-653
platform that meets DO-178B Level A
certification. Now safety critical developers can also achieve the goals of portability, reusability, and modularity for their
applications.
MIL EMBEDDED: Wind River recently
endorsed the Eclipse development environment and community. What does
this mean to the military user?
FANELLI: Obviously, we believe Eclipse
is strategic, otherwise we wouldn’t be
investing in it. Thus far, Eclipse has
gained remarkable traction in the enterprise market, so now is the time to focus
on repeating this success in the broader
aerospace and defense industry. Wind
River Workbench, with third party plugins, is being applied across many different
programs and RTOSs (from VxWorks to
Linux to third-party OSs) for both enterprise and embedded development. Primes
will be able to standardize on tools/middleware and increase their efficiencies,
while federated programs and software
solutions will fade.
MIL EMBEDDED: What impact does
the DOD’s Global Grid and “system
of systems” have upon the future and
architecture of embedded systems?
FANELLI: This initiative forces a move
from conventional embedded systems
design such as single board, single application, or meeting a specific project
need, to what we call Device Software
Optimization (DSO). DSO means that
34 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
all available technology (hardware bringup, build, configuration and verification
tools, software interoperability and reusability, post deployment support) across
the whole development life cycle is provided on a common, open foundation.
This is the military’s vision and it marries
well with Wind River’s vision of how the
world is moving away from embedded
systems design to a new frontier.
MIL EMBEDDED: As systems shrink
to boards, and boards to chips, how
can this trend continue, and how will
it manifest itself in future defense
systems? Secondly, what effect does
this have on the systems’ software?
FANELLI: Certainly we will see more
handheld devices as well as a paradigm
shift in CONOPS (Concept of Operations)
as processing starts occurring in real time
in areas that were previously post analyzed. For example, airborne reconnaissance image exploitation will move from
ground-based systems to the airborne
vehicles and be processed in real time. A
soldier on the ground can have a vehicle
scan a road over a hill and alert them of
potential improvised explosive devices that
were placed there in the last few hours.
By analyzing changes in the roadside over
the last few hours in real-time, the soldier
can then “rewind” the information to see
where the vehicle came from that placed
the device. This change in processing
power will bring forth a whole new wave
of thinking in operations. The software
will not change dramatically, but the type
of application will evolve to take advantage of these new capabilities.
MIL EMBEDDED: How will the
disconnect between commercial and
military technology cycles be solved?
FANELLI: Making COTS technology
more standards based will make it inter-
changeable and flexible. This enables
technology upgrades to be more easily
accomplished and at a lower cost.
MIL EMBEDDED: Explain how
your company addresses obsolescence
mitigation.
FANELLI: Wind River has a well-defined
product life cycle strategy. For the most
part, we work to provide upgrade compatibility to new technology for our customers. This allows systems to stay current
and customers to plan migration (such as
time and dollars) to avoid obsolescence.
Retirement is the final phase of the product
life cycle and there is never a predefined
time to declare that a product is retired.
Instead, the choice to retire a product is
driven by a number of factors, including market adoption of newer technologies, customer needs, and Wind River’s
overall product strategy. When a product
is retired, we inform our customers well
in advance and also work with them to
address individual program needs. In fact,
we’ve addressed custom support for retired
products with a number of aerospace
customers.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the
“hottest” military programs right now?
FANELLI: The UAV programs are currently the hottest military programs.
There is a lot of excitement, funding, and
new ideas being fielded in the air, on the
ground, and on underwater UAVs.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the least
likely types of programs and applications to use COTS software technology
and civilian embedded electronics?
FANELLI: High-assurance programs may
have issues using COTS software technology as the costs of application software,
OS, Board Support Package (BSP), and
“We actually think the Linux and
greater Open Source community
will have a large impact on military
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
and associated programs...”
Software
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
middleware certifications are still expensive and not well understood. That said,
the Department of Defense is funding this
technology via specific programs to help
drive costs down.
MIL EMBEDDED: What effect will
Linux have on tomorrow’s military
programs?
a Master of Business Adminstration
degree from the J.L. Kellogg Graduate
School of Management at Northwestern
University, a Master of Science degree
in Computer Science from the Illinois
Institute of Technology, and a Bachelor
of Science degree in Computer Science
from the University of Michigan.
For further information, contact John at:
Wind River Systems
500 Wind River Way
Alameda, CA 94501
Tel: 510-748-4100
Fax: 510-749-2010
E-mail: inquiries@windriver.com
Website: www.windriver.com
FANELLI: We actually think the Linux and
greater Open Source community will have
a large impact on military and associated
programs. Linux is already being leveraged in programs today and we certainly
support it. While there are some security
concerns with using Linux in highlyclassified military programs because of
code access, there are benefits such as
technology innovation and low cost, to
name a few.
MIL EMBEDDED: Xilinx FPGAs
(Field Programmable Gate Arrays)
will soon be reprogrammable
on-the-fly. What does this mean to
the RTOS?
FANELLI: FPGAs offer flexibility and the
ability to repurpose a design. While on-thefly reprogrammability for FPGAs provides
great flexibility from a hardware perspective, in an environment where the RTOS is
closely connected to the hardware, changing the functionality of that hardware can
significantly impact the RTOS and applications running on that RTOS.
Fortunately, we are working closely
with Xilinx to address this type of issue.
Xilinx currently has a BSP builder that
helps developers reconfigure the BSP so
the operating system can map the devices
appropriately.
John Fanelli is vice president, product planning and management, Wind
River Systems. John oversees all
product planning and management
functions for the company’s product
lines. He joined Wind River from Sun
Microsystems, where he spent six
years in a variety of leadership roles,
overseeing key software projects for
networking, communications, and
system services. Prior to Sun, he was
a senior management consultant with
Coopers and Lybrand’s Integrated
Strategic Services business unit, where
he developed management and information technology strategies for various
Fortune 500 companies. John holds
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Software
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
What is real time and
why do I need it?
By Steve Furr
Not all systems need an RTOS; but of
those that do, does the designer know
what about the system is “real time”?
An RTOS can play a key role in determining how a system runs, and it’s
critical to choose an RTOS based upon
system requirements.
Real time is a sometimes misunderstood
and misapplied property of operating systems. Moreover, there is often disagreement as to when a Real-Time Operating
System (RTOS) is needed. For instance,
when designing an industrial control
system or medical instrument, most engineers and system designers would concur that an RTOS is necessary. However,
questions arise, when it comes to other
applications, such as tracking systems
and a variety of in-vehicle devices. Is an
RTOS needed here? Or would a generalpurpose OS such as Linux or Windows do
the job? Often, such systems do require
an RTOS, but the issue isn’t recognized
until later in the design phase.
Therefore, it’s important to understand
why the real-time capabilities provided
by an RTOS are not only beneficial, but
necessary for a wide variety of embedded
systems. For instance, consider a system
where users expect or need immediate
feedback to input. With an RTOS, a developer can ensure that the system always
provides feedback in a timely fashion,
even when the system is handling many
other compute-intensive activities. The
user is never left wondering whether the
system has, in fact, accepted the button
push or recognized the voice command.
In a nutshell, an RTOS allows developers to control how long a system will take
to perform a task or respond to critical
events. Deadlines can be met within predictable, and wholly consistent, timelines,
even under heavy system loads.
What, exactly, is real time?
To appreciate what real time is, what it
isn’t, and why it’s beneficial, let us start
36 / 2005
with a basic definition of a real-time system, as defined in the Frequently Asked
Questions for the comp.realtime newsgroup (news://comp.realtime or groupsbeta.google.com/group/comp.realtime):
the effects of a late computation may be
catastrophic. Simply put, a hard real-time
system is one where all activities must be
completed on time. A flight control system is a good example.
“A real-time system is one in which the
correctness of the computations not only
depends upon the logical correctness of
the computation but also upon the time at
which the result is produced. If the timing
constraints of the system are not met, system failure is said to have occurred.”
On the other hand, soft real time is a property of the timeliness of a computation
where the value diminishes according to
its tardiness. A soft real-time system can
tolerate some late answers to soft realtime computations, as long as the value
hasn’t diminished to zero. Deadlines may
be missed, but the number and frequency
of such misses must typically comply
with Quality of Service (QoS) metrics.
Real time, then, is a property of systems
where time is literally of the essence. In a
real-time system, the value of a computation depends on how timely the answer is.
For example, a computation that is completed late has a diminishing value, or
no value whatsoever, and a computation
completed early is of no extra value. Real
time is always a matter of degree, since
even batch computing systems have a real
time aspect to them. Nobody wants to get
their payroll deposit two weeks late!
Problems arise when many activities compete for a system’s resources; in fact, this
is where we begin to apply the real-time
property to operating systems. In implementing any real-time system, a critical
step in the process will be the determination of a schedule of activities that enables
all activities to be completed on time.
Any real-time system will comprise different types of activities: those that can be
scheduled, those that cannot be scheduled
(for example, operating system facilities
and interrupt handlers), and non real-time
activities. If non-schedulable activities
can execute in preference to schedulable
activities, they will affect the ability of the
system to handle time constraints.
Hard vs. soft real time
Often, a distinction is made between hard
and soft real time. A hard real-time constraint is one for which there is no value
to a computation if it is late and where
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Frequently, soft real time is erroneously
applied to OSs that cannot guarantee
computations will be completed on time.
Such OSs are best described as quasi real
time or pseudo real time OSs in that they
execute real-time activities in preference
to others whenever necessary, but don’t
adequately account for non-schedulable
activities in the system. Put simply, soft
real time shouldn’t be confused with non
real-time.
Positive impact
Traditionally, RTOSs have been used in
hard real-time environments where failure to perform activities in a timely manner can result in harm to persons or property. But an RTOS can be just as useful
for applications that must meet QoS guarantees, particularly when failure to do
so could result in financial penalty. This
covers obvious service scenarios, such
as “30 minutes or it’s free,” but it also
includes intangible penalties, such as lost
opportunities or loss of market share.
Moreover, real-time technology can be
applied to conventional systems in ways
that positively impact the user experience, either by improving the perceived
response to certain events or by ensuring
that important activities execute preferentially with respect to others in the system.
For instance, consider a device that pres-
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2005 / 37
Software
ents live video, such as MPEG movies. If
this device depends on software for any
part of its content delivery, it may experience dropped frames at a rate that the user
perceives as unacceptable. With an RTOS,
however, the developer can precisely control the order in which software processes
execute and thereby ensure that playback
occurs at an appropriate and consistent
media rate.
RTOS: A working definition
What, exactly, constitutes a hard realtime operating system? No universally
accepted definition exists, but here is a
good working definition based on realtime scheduling theory and consistent
with industry practice: A hard RTOS
must guarantee that a feasible schedule
can be executed given sufficient computational capacity if external factors are
discounted. External factors, in this case,
are devices that may generate interrupts,
including network interfaces that generate interrupts in response to network traffic. In other words, if a system designer
controls the environment, the operating
system itself will not be the cause of any
tardy computations. To provide such guarantees, the OS must satisfy the following
basic conditions:
1. Higher-priority tasks always execute
in preference to lower-priority tasks
(see Figure 1).
2. Priority inversions, which may result
when a higher-priority task needs a
resource allocated to a lower-priority
one, are bounded.
3. Non-schedulable activities, including both non real-time activities and
operating system activities, don’t
exceed the remaining capacity in any
particular division.
In Figure 1, the RTOS scheduler determines which thread should run by looking at the priority assigned to every thread
ready for execution. The thread with
the highest priority is selected to run.
Because of condition 3, we must discount
those activities outside of the control of
the operating system, yielding the external factors provision above.
From these conditions, we can derive the
Operating System Requirements (OSRs)
listed in Table 1.
OSR 3 and OSR 4 impose a fixed upper
bound on the latency that may occur on
the onset of any real-time activity. OSR 5
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
ensures that OS services themselves,
which are internal factors, don’t introduce
non-schedulable activities that could violate basic requirement 3.
RTOS vs. GPOS
The key characteristic that separates
an RTOS from a General-Purpose OS
(GPOS) is the predictability inherent in
all of the requirements specified above.
A GPOS such as Linux attempts to use a
“fairness” policy when scheduling threads
and processes to the CPU. This gives all
applications in the system a chance to
make progress, but doesn’t establish the
supremacy of real-time threads in the
system or preserve their relative priorities, as is required to guarantee that they
finish on time. Likewise, all priority
information is usually lost when a system
service, usually performed in a kernel
call, is executing on behalf of the client thread. This results in unpredictable
delays and thus prevents an activity from
completing on time.
By contrast, the microkernel architecture
used in an OS like the QNX Neutrino
RTOS is designed to deal directly with all
of these requirements (Figure 2). Because
of its modular design, a microkernel
RTOS can employ granular synchronization mechanisms, ensuring that latencies
are unaffected by system services.
The microkernel itself simply manages
processes and threads within the system,
and allows them to communicate with
each other. Scheduling is always performed at the thread level, and threads are
always scheduled according to their fixed
priority – in the case of priority inversion, by the priority as adjusted by the
microkernel to compensate for priority
Figure 1
inversions. Consequently, a high-priority
thread that becomes ready to run can preempt a lower-priority thread.
Within this framework all device drivers and operating system services apart
from basic scheduling and Interprocess
Communication (IPC) exist as separate
processes within the system. All services
are accessed through a synchronous message-passing IPC mechanism that allows
the receiver to inherit the priority of the
client. This priority-inheritance scheme
allows OSR 5 to be met by carrying the
priority of the original real-time activity
into all service requests and subsequent
device driver requests.
There is an attendant flexibility available
as well. Since OSR 1 and OSR 5 (refer
back to Table 1) stress that device-driver
requests need to operate in priority order,
at the priority of the client, throughput for
normal operations can be substantially
reduced. Using this model, an operating
Operating System Requirements for Real Time
OSR 1
The OS must support fixed-priority preemptive scheduling for tasks. (Both
threads and processes, as applicable)
OSR 2
The OS must provide priority inheritance or priority-ceiling emulation for
synchronization primitives. This prevents cases of unbounded priority
inversion, where a higher-priority task cannot obtain a resource from a
lower-priority task.
OSR 3
The OS kernel must be preemptible.
OSR 4
Interrupts must have a fixed upper bound on latency. By extension, support
for nested interrupts is required.
OSR 5
Operating system services must execute at a priority determined by the
client of the service. All services on which the client depends must inherit
that priority. Priority inversion avoidance must be applied to all shared
resources used by the service.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Table 1
Software
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
ing. The total delay introduced by the preemption is a priority inversion.
In fact, multiple jobs can preempt Job 2 in
this way, resulting in an effect known as
chain blocking. Under these circumstances,
Job 2 might be preempted for an indefinite
period of time, yielding an unbounded priority inversion and causing Job 1 to fail to
meet any of its timeliness constraints.
This is where priority inheritance comes
in. If we return to our scenario and make
Job 2 run at the priority of Job 1 during the
synchronization period, then Job 3 won’t
be able to preempt Job 2, and the resulting
priority inversion is avoided (Figure 4).
Figure 2
service or device driver can be swapped
out in favor of a real-time version that satisfies these requirements.
A closer look
A closer examination of OSR 2 (the OS
must provide priority inheritance or priority-ceiling emulation) showcases the
value of having services execute at a priority determined by the client of the service. To begin, we must look at how task
synchronization can result in blocking,
and how this blocking can, in turn, cause
priority inversion.
Let’s say two jobs are running, Job 1 and
Job 2, and that Job 1 has the higher priority. If Job 1 is ready to execute, but must
wait for Job 2 to complete an activity,
blocking is said to occur. The blocking
may occur because of synchronization; for
instance, Job 1 and Job 2 share a resource
controlled by a lock or semaphore, and
Job 1 is waiting for Job 2 to unlock the
resource. Or, it may occur because Job 1
is requesting a service currently used by
Job 2.
a lower priority than Job 1 (Figure 3). If
Job 3 becomes ready to run while Job 2 is
executing, it will preempt Job 2, and Job 2
won’t be able to run again until Job 3
blocks or completes. This will, of course,
increase the blocking factor of Job 1; that
is, it will further delay Job 1 from execut-
Manipulating priorities
If you are writing an application for
deployment on an RTOS, it is important
to consider the effect that the RTOS’s
characteristics have on the execution of
the application, and to understand how
these can be used to your benefit.
Figure 3
The blocking allows Job 2 to run until the
condition that Job 1 is waiting for occurs
(for instance, Job 2 unlocks the resource
that both jobs share). At that point, Job 1
gets to execute. The total time that Job 1
must wait may vary, with a minimum,
average, and maximum time. This interval is known as the blocking factor.
If Job 1 is to meet any of its timeliness
constraints, this factor can’t vary according to any parameter, such as the number
of threads or an input into the system. In
other words, the blocking factor must be
bounded.
Now let’s introduce a third job. Job 3
that has a higher priority than Job 2 but
Figure 4
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 39
Software
For instance, applications conventionally
run in a round robin execution, competing with each other for a proportion of the
CPU capacity. With an RTOS, however,
you can manipulate the priorities of processes to have certain activities run preferentially to others in the system. Applied
judiciously, this priority manipulation can
dramatically improve response in areas
important to the user, without potentially
starving other processes in the system.
The key to ensuring that higher-priority
processes and threads do not starve out
other processes is to be certain of the
limits imposed on their execution. By
pacing the execution, or by throttling it
in response to load, you can limit the proportion of CPU consumed by these activities so that user processes get their share
of the CPU.
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
media rate. A well-written media player
will also take into account quality of service, so that if it doesn’t receive adequate
CPU time, it can reduce its requirements
by selectively dropping samples or follow an appropriate fallback strategy.
This will then prevent it from starving
other processes as well.
A strategic decision
An RTOS can help make complex applications both predictable and reliable.
In fact, the precise control over timing
made possible by an RTOS adds a form
of reliability that cannot be achieved with
a GPOS. If a system based on a GPOS
doesn’t behave correctly due to incorrect
timing behavior, then we can justifiably
say that the system is unreliable.
Priority manipulation can benefit a variety
of applications, including, for example,
media players (MP3, WAV, MPEG-2, and
so on). The operation of a media player
can be tied to the media rate required for
proper playback (44 kHz audio, 30 fps
video). So, within this constraint, a reader
thread and a rendering thread can both be
designed to wake up on a programmable
timer, to buffer or render a single frame,
and then go to sleep until the next timer
trigger. This provides the pacing that
allows the priority to be assigned above
normal user activities, but below critical
system functions.
Still, choosing the right RTOS can itself
be a complex task. The underlying architecture of an RTOS is an important criterion, but so are other factors. For instance,
does the RTOS support standard APIs,
such as POSIX.1? A flexible choice of
scheduling algorithms? Protocol stacks
such as IPv4, IPv6, and IPsec? What
about support for distributed or symmetric multiprocessing? Diagnostic tools for
system profiling, memory analysis, and
application profiling? And what of the
RTOS vendor? Do they offer a full range
of engineering services and well-documented source and customization kits?
How about any direct experience serving
embedded developers?
With well-chosen priorities, playback
will occur consistently at the given
On one point, there is no question: An
RTOS can play a key role in determining
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
how reliable a system will run, how well it
will perform, and how easily it will support
new or enhanced functionality. It’s critical,
therefore, to choose an RTOS and an RTOS
vendor that can meet project requirements,
both now and in the future. O
Steve Furr is
senior OS product
manager for QNX
Software Systems
and a coauthor
of the Real-time
Specification for
Java (RTSJ). He
currently serves as a technical member
on several industry forums, including
the Open Group’s Real-time and
Embedded Systems Forum, which is
dedicated to expanding the marketplace
for standardized real-time and embedded
systems. In his 13 years with QNX,
Steve has held various engineering
positions, including software architect.
He holds a Bachelor’s degree in
computer science.
For further information, contact
Steve at:
QNX Software Systems Ltd.
175 Terence Matthews Crescent
Ottawa, Ontario
Canada, K2M 1W8
Tel: 613-591-0931
Fax: 613-591-3579
E-mail: furr@qnx.com
Website: www.qnx.com
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In the System
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Wearable tactical computers
as embedded training systems
By Joan Wood
Meeting the challenge of building
embedded training platforms on small,
low-power man-worn operational
computer systems.
When it is not practical to send troops
stateside for retraining and not feasible to
set up traditional training facilities in the
field, it is essential to find alternate ways
for soldiers to maintain readiness, develop
and learn new tactics, and build team
cooperation and communication through
training. Recent advances in wearable
tactical computers may provide the necessary platform for such dismounted
infantry training activities, in addition to
the C4ISR functions currently planned for
these systems.
The original concept of Embedded
Training (ET) as outlined in numerous papers – Navy OPNAVINST on ET
(1985), Air Force Study Plan for ET
(1989), Army TRADOC ET Concept
(1996) – was to build capabilities into
operational systems that would enable
personnel to train using their own equipment while in the field. Over the past
20 years, that idea has developed into a
general forward-looking directive, embodied in the Army’s Future Combat Systems,
that all new deployed operational systems
must contain ET. We are now somewhere
between building capabilities and mandatory embedded training.
Extending ET into man-worn
tactical computer systems
For a vehicle-embedded system, such
as an onboard tank computer, ET may
mean the possibility of adding training
scenarios to the tactical software package
to allow the tank crew to conduct mission
rehearsals or update field tactics to stay
sharp during down time. Existing technology infrastructure inside the vehicle such
as embedded visual displays and extended
power resources help in the implementation of ET for the tank crew. However, for
ET to be available and useful on a man-
42 / 2005
worn tactical computer system there are
different, much greater challenges to be
overcome.
The first big obstacle is accurately representing the dismounted soldier’s first
person view of the synthetic environment
on a very small, low-power, tactical computer. The level of complexity needed to
simulate a fast-moving, real-time 3D scenario is far more demanding than the limited world-view required for tank driver
training. And the dismounted soldier’s
field of view must be properly oriented,
convincingly navigated, and realistically
represented in order for immersive synthetic environment training to be useful.
This requires not only that more layers of
technology be appended to the operational
wearable tactical computer with items
such as motion trackers and head-mounted
displays, but that there be powerful new
3D graphics technology incorporated into
the operational unit design as well. For
this to be a valid design direction, the ET
elements should not result in a degradation of the operational equipment. All ET
system size, weight, and power requirements must be accounted for in the design
and any additional functionality needed
just for training should not have a nega-
tive impact on the computer’s primary
operational functions. Table 1 lists some
key issues to evaluate the potential for ET
on a wearable system.
Functional scalability and
flexible I/O: Keys to tactical
and training coexistence
Imagine an advanced notebook computer,
only smaller, lighter, more power efficient, and more durable, and then make it
wearable. Remove the screen, keyboard,
and mouse. Add some specialized I/O,
rugged connectors, and long-life batteries
and you have the basis for the operational
version of a wearable tactical computer.
The primary functional differences between most wearable computers and one
that can fully support an ET real-time 3D
synthetic environment simulation are in
the advanced 3D graphics capabilities, and
in accompanying increased power requirements. So the challenge is to expand the
3D capabilities and performance with an
advanced graphics processing unit to support immersive training, but implement it
such that power requirements can be automatically scaled back as needed.
To do this requires smart power management, on-the-fly scalable graphics capa-
“A Guide for Early Embedded Training Decisions”
Whitmer & Knerr U.S. Army Research Institute, July 1996
Can ET be integrated into the operational system without interfering with operational
capabilities?
Do safety and training requirements suggest ET or other simulation alternatives?
Can the operational system support ET, given MPT and RAM requirements?
Will the operational systems be available for a sufficient amount of time to support ET?
Do the skills and knowledge to be taught suggest ET?
Does the ET system require visual system or motion system simulation?
Can weapon system motion and/or direct vision be simulated in a stand alone system?
Would an appended training system interfere with the operational system?
Can appended training system reliability, availability, maintainability requirements be met?
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Table 1
bilities, and the right trade offs for useful
I/O features and graphics optimization.
The commercial migration of discrete
advanced features into the mobile computing device arena has provided a wealth
of opportunities to highly integrate “under
the hood” elements such as the power
subsystem, PCI bus, cards, drivers, and
other application-specific devices. This
leaves multi-use, multi-function, flexible
interfaces exposed for the developer who
can then focus on unique features of their
application rather than how to make the
system work with it.
For the system to be truly flexible it has to
accommodate a wide variety of accessories and that means advanced I/O and lots
of it. While certain functionality is common to almost all usage models – some
type of visual monitoring, an input device,
and wireless communications – some
accessories are only useful for specific
applications, so ancillary gear in a variety
of form factors must be anticipated.
For example, a helmet Night Vision
Goggle (NVG) mount can accommodate
an immersive binocular Helmet Mounted
Display (HMD) for field training with
a synthetic environment application,
or it might provide for a see-through
monocular deployed tactical eyepiece
for enhanced vision monitoring of an
Unmanned Aerial Vehicle/Unmanned
Ground Vehicle (UAV/UGV) controller. A
gun-mounted thumb joystick and button
array can function as the input controller
for a real world moving map application,
or the training weapon-mounted joystick
can control a user’s virtual orientation in
a synthetic environment training exercise.
In all cases, the I/O is unique to the application, so the ET computer must remain
flexible.
Tactical visual computer:
COTS components and
custom know-how
An ET computer can certainly be envisioned by leveraging consumer product
R & D dollars via the latest Commercial
Off-the-Shelf (COTS) components, minimizing the need for government funding.
In fact, embedded COTS suppliers with
expertise in ergonomics, power, thermal,
and systems engineering knowledge can
create the ideal ET computer. Let’s call
it a Tactical Visual Computer (TVC).
But this is only half the problem. Visual
simulation optimization and real-time 3D
scene management skills are also necessary when it comes to scaling 3D performance to match battery life requirements,
while simultaneously harnessing video capture to
enhance operational tactical applications such as
forward unmanned vehicle
controllers and monitoring
of remote video feeds.
In short, the best-of-breed
of low power, portability
and processing performance plus real-time graphics engine
technology is essential in dismounted soldier TVC applications. Required system
features should include a powerful mobile
CPU with ample system memory and
aggressive power management capabilities, and a scalable performance graphics
subsystem with advanced 3D features.
Multiple RGB and video outputs, and
support for a wide range of video input
formats, along with strong video capture
capabilities complete the necessary visual
platform.
These advanced graphics features really
set the TVC apart from previously
deployed wearable PCs. Using Windows
or Linux and OpenGL and Direct X
APIs for ease of migration from existing
desktop and CAVE training applications,
including PC games, make the TVC truly
PC compatible. PC compatibility has the
tremendous potential of leveraging the
civilian consumer games and entertainment markets for synthetic capabilities.
However, the whole system needs to be
housed in a lightweight, super rugged,
conduction-cooled, sealed alloy case with
MIL-SPEC connector multi-function I/O
ports. For extended environments, also
needed are an optional solid state hard
drive to replace the shock-resistant rotating media drive, and standard I/O features
such as Ethernet IEEE 802.3 10/100, USB
2.0, IEEE 802.11x, and Bluetooth wireless. To cover all conceivable I/O options
ranging from GPS to proprietary, requires
a range of PCMCIA card options.
An integrated synthetic
environment training platform
It would be rare that a TVC would need to
deploy with this much I/O, but one embedded solution provider designed it anyway.
Quantum3D created the THERMITE
TVC system to service a wide range of
needs so developers would have a fullyrealized platform on which to develop and
run their applications.
Originally developed by CG2 and
Quantum3D for US Army Research
Figure 1
Development and Engineering Command
(RDECOM) to support a Science &
Technology Objective (STO) program, the
Expedition (Figure 1) wearable ET ensemble utilizes THERMITE as the onboard
TVC. When configured as a wearable ET
system, Expedition’s major components
consist of an ergonomic, load-bearing vest
containing the TVC and a pair of lithium
ion batteries, a binocular helmet-mounted
display device with stereo headset, microphone communications system, and head
mounted motion tracker, fully integrated
with the TVC’s wireless communications system and visual and sound I/O.
Rounding out the ET system is a standard
training rifle with wireless input device,
motion tracker, and gun mounted synthetic
environment scene controller.
Over time, the market will drive evolutionary spiral development to incorporate
more advanced capabilities into smaller,
lighter, more power efficient packages,
and the line between tactical and training will blur even further. But for embedded training in the wearable dismounted
infantry arena to really take hold; these
systems must become part of a soldier’s
daily routine; another piece of his gear;
another weapon in his arsenal. O
Joan Wood is the
vice president, marketing, Quantum3D.
Joan Wood’s background includes
executive, creative,
and engineering
positions in the
areas of advanced real time 3D computer
game development, broadcast television,
and publishing.
For further information, contact Joan at:
Quantum3D
6330 San Ignacio Avenue
San Jose, CA 95119
Phone: 408-361-9999
Fax: 408-361-9980
E-mail: info@quantum3d.com
Website: www.quantum3d.com
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In the System
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Attention to details benefits
primes outsourcing military
avionics systems
By Frank Willis
Vertically integrated government prime contractors can do it
all, from boards right up to the entire airframe or vehicle. But
should they?
Avionics are among the last areas of military and aerospace systems to accept and adopt COTS-based technologies. Prime contractors, previously accustomed to designing the entire system
from the ground up, can benefit by outsourcing to subcontractors
with expertise in subsystems, boards, and all the way down to the
component level. But attention to details makes all the difference
in flight success.
As Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) perpetuates throughout
the military, major prime contractors have turned more and more
to subsystem outsourcing. And even in the most mission- and
life-critical applications out there, outsourcing embedded avionics systems has clearly become a widely accepted practice among
prime government contractors. The potential benefits are many
– speed to market, significant savings in capital outlays, best-ofbreed, and reduced costs – to name a few.
There are many reasons for this trend, not the least of which are
the speed with which suppliers can respond to the needs of the
prime contractor, the savings in manpower and dollars, the pure
convenience of delegating the whole subsystem, and the degree
of integration the suppliers are able to provide. Market pressures
mandate that the large prime contractors identify and continue to
invest in their core competencies, and outsource other areas not
considered core to their business, such as embedded COTS subsystems. Some of the key questions primes ask themselves are:
■ What value-add do we bring to designing and assembling
avionics subsystems?
■ Why are we investing in a subsystem manufacturing facility
when there are other options?
■ Since we’re concerned with the overall system
integrity, must we delve all the way down to the component
level?
From system to subsystem
On this latter question alone, prime contractors need not delve
into the details of subsystem, board- or component-level design
and reliability issues. For example, an experienced subcontractor will have a deep understanding of how to manage heat flow
through component mounting and placement, and component-tocase junctions. Outsource subcontractors are experts in dealing
with these component-level issues using thermal vias, vacuum
interfaces, heat sinks, gap pads, chassis design, and Printed
Circuit Board (PCB) internal thermal layers.
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Using multiple analysis tools, the subcontractor will predict
factors such as thermal performance, or other environmental
phenomena such as natural frequency and harmonics, or vibration and shock performance – all of which may not be part of
the prime contractor’s core expertise at the individual subsystem,
board or component level.
During the design of rugged systems and boards, multiple factors
must also be taken into consideration, such as materials, electromagnetic interference (EMI) protection, PCB construction, sealing, connectors, harnesses, human factors, fasteners, finishes and
paints, manufacturability and maintainability, and many other
materials and design constraints. For example, choosing antifungal, non-outgassing, and defense-acceptable materials is critical in reducing design and system qualification time.
Rattle and roll
And in avionics systems – whether fixed wing, rotary, or even
projectile – the unique demands of flying through the air
put incredible shock and vibration forcing functions on subsystems and components. Primes acting as systems integrators may
not be as comfortable dealing with details at the component
level as are subcontractor experts. For instance, the most important part of the structural analysis/design is avoiding resonant
coupling between the chassis and the circuit card assemblies.
Resonant coupling occurs when the natural frequencies of two
objects fastened together are close enough to cause unwanted
vibration.
Here again, the component level can’t be ignored. In an electronic system the items usually at highest risk are solder joints
between components and printed circuit cards. To avoid resonant
coupling, 3D CAD models should be fixed as they will be in
operation so that natural frequency analysis can be performed on
chassis and circuit card assemblies. Industry experience suggests
a two octave separation between the circuit card assembly and the
chassis in their first mode.
Prime contractors are familiar with all of these issues, for sure,
but may not wish to be bothered with them down to the boardor component-level. In theory, the underlying factors that affect
component, board, and system performance are well understood.
In practice, however, designing, manufacturing, and certifying a
functioning rugged system becomes far less certain.
For this reason, system integrators and prime contractors seldom undertake this arduous task. Instead, they customarily turn
to subcontractors like SBS Technologies and others who have
remained committed to offering in-house design, manufactur-
ing and testing capabilities for rugged systems. Outsourcing the
system, in fact, has become standard industry practice. As a rugged system provider, SBS Technologies has built a reputation
for being able to quickly understand customer specifications and
then rapidly design, test, certify, and deliver exactly the rugged
system our customer needs. These are exactly the qualifications
required of a subcontractor providing COTS-based avionics to
prime contractors. O
Frank Willis is the Vice President,
business development, SBS Technologies
Government Group, headquartered in
Albuquerque, NM. He has more than
20 years of experience in the embedded
military and defense industry. Prior to
joining SBS Technologies, he held various
sales and business development positions
with Dy 4 Systems, Texas Instruments, and served 22 years with
the US Air Force. Frank received a Bachelor of Science degree
in Mechanical Engineering Technology from California State
Polytechnic University, Pomona.
For further information, contact Frank at:
SBS Technologies
2400 Louisiana Blvd. NE
Suite 5-600
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600
E-mail: support.government@sbs.com
Website: www.sbs.com
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Mil Tech Trends
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
FPGAs, serial fabrics, and UAVs:
The ones to watch
Q & A with Peter Cavill, CEO,
Radstone Embedded Computing
EDITOR’S FOREWORD
Radstone is one of the oldest companies serving the COTS market. Founded as a spin-off from Plessey Microsystems,
Radstone was in the COTS (Commercial Off-the-Shelf) market back when the Primes and Subs were still debating open standards and Non-Developmental Items (NDI). An instigator of the original VME specification and the IEEE 1101.2 conductioncooled specification, today Radstone is one of the big three vendors serving the harsh environment, deployed COTS market.
We tossed our questions up to Peter Cavill, president of Radstone Embedded Computing – a man who is so technically savvy
that he previously ran the company’s engineering group. – Ed.
MIL EMBEDDED: Tell us briefly about
your company’s focus as applied to the
military.
CAVILL: Radstone is 100 percent focused
on the military – providing solutions to
customers in the military marketplace
is what we do. At the heart of our business is a commitment to developing long
term partnerships with defense OEMs to
provide them with the leading edge technology they need in either rugged or nonrugged environments. We believe we’re a
world leader in the field of designing and
developing rugged products, with a long
pedigree in bringing to market solutions
that have ruggedness designed in to them
from the drawing board stage.
Radstone was among the very first companies to embrace COTS as the way forward, with over 40 years of experience in
designing systems specifically for military applications. We’re a key long-term
supplier to high-profile programs such as
the M1A2 Abrams tank, MLRS, ATFLIR,
Firefinder, the Eurofighter Typhoon and
the Mk48, and Mk54 torpedoes.
We’re also very well aware that 100 percent standard products aren’t always what
the customer really needs, so our business
model is a highly flexible one that allows
us to react to specific program requirements by developing custom versions of
our products.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the top three
embedded technologies you’re seeing in
the market today?
46 / 2005
CAVILL: Multiprocessor systems are
unquestionably one of the key embedded
technologies and are enabling our customers to envisage applications that, only a
short while ago, were all but unthinkable.
Another technology that’s rightly capturing
a good deal of attention is switched Gigabit
Ethernet. There’s no doubt that communications technologies are assuming much
greater importance in the defense programs
of today. Ethernet is a highly proven and
trustworthy technology.
The third technology I’d nominate would
be Software Defined Radio (SDR) and
radar. We’re seeing huge interest in this
area and the availability of increasingly
sophisticated silicon – notably Field
Programmable Grid Arrays (FPGAs) – is
making SDR a real growth area for our
business.
MIL EMBEDDED: How is the increasing
size, speed, and complexity of FPGAs
and other programmable devices changing the nature of military systems?
CAVILL: With the emphasis on networkcentric warfare, the military is looking to
acquire and process far more information,
of all types, than it has ever done before.
That leads to the need for incredibly powerful data acquisition capabilities and no
less powerful signal processing systems.
For us, that’s where FPGA fits in as an
enabling technology for this new generation of solutions. In data acquisition, for
example, the closer you can put processing power to the capture point, at the front
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
end of the application straight off the sensor – the antenna, for example – the more
data you can capture.
Powerful FPGAs, in conjunction with
powerful converters, enable you to do
that and, of course, because the algorithm is executed in hardware rather than
software, you can get incredible performance. Similarly at the back end of the
application FPGAs can deliver enormous
amounts of processing power. The SDR
systems that ICS [a Radstone subsidiary]
develops use FPGAs for precisely these
reasons.
MIL EMBEDDED: There’s been a great
deal of industry consolidation over
the past several years, both within the
Primes/Subs, and within the embedded
vendor base. What effects will this have
on the military customer?
CAVILL: The consolidation in the industry
is a mixture of good news and bad news
for military customers. The bad news is
that consolidation inevitably results in a
reduction in the number of potential suppliers, and thus a reduction in competition – and that can never be good for any
customer looking to maximize his leverage and his spending power. On the other
hand, consolidation into fewer, larger
suppliers is likely to reduce volatility in
the supplier base – although there may be
short term pain as product lines are rationalized. Larger companies tend to be in
business for longer than small ones, and
that reassurance has always been valued
by military customers.
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But there is a downside to this latter point,
especially if you’re one of the prime contractors. If I were the CEO of one of those
primes, I’d be looking at some of the
recent movement in the industry and asking myself: “What’s going on here?” And
I might well conclude that companies that
were once my suppliers are now moving
up the food chain to position themselves
to compete with me.
refresh opportunities and that it will provide our customers with technology insertion opportunities as and when they need
them. You can’t bolt those things on as an
afterthought to a product that was poorly
conceived in the first place.
From Radstone’s perspective, we’re also
clear on our place in the grand scheme
of things: we have no ambitions to serve
the military directly. You’ll never hear me
being reported as having said that “Our
customers are our competitors.”
CAVILL: We have our Whole Program
Life COTS philosophy that underpinned
the establishment of the Program Life
Cycle Management group which exists,
exclusively and entirely, to help our customers mitigate the impact of obsolescence. There is no silver bullet solution,
and there never will be. However, what
we can say is that we’ve proven time and
again since Radstone first came into existence that, with the right management philosophy and the necessary expertise and
experience, you can’t make the problem
go away but you can certainly help your
customers to avoid suffering the pain.
MIL EMBEDDED: So are serial switched
fabrics for real or just hype? Where
might the military really use this
technology?
CAVILL: There’s no doubt about it in our
mind that switched fabrics are for real
because of what they bring to the military
market in terms of performance. The fact
is, despite what anyone might claim, you
just can’t get the system throughput with
today’s shared bus architectures. Those
will continue to have a role – VME looks
destined to go on forever – but our view
is that the two will coexist, with the bus
providing the legacy compatibility and
the switched fabric providing the raw
performance.
MIL EMBEDDED: How does Tech
Refresh, Tech Insertion, and Spiral
Development really work in practice?
CAVILL: Take the Radstone G4DSP-XE
[a quad PowerPC processing card], for
example: it’s true to say that, in effect, that
was a product at the same time as the original G4DSP was first conceived – we just
announced it later, but it was built in to the
original design, just as the G4DSP-XE’s
successor will have been. In designing the
original board, we paid huge attention to
the various silicon vendors’ roadmaps to
ensure that there was real longevity there.
Backwards compatibility was designed in
from the start – as it has to be.
What we know that you can’t do is to create a new product with no thought for its
future. Fundamental to any new Radstone
product is the principle that it will have a
roadmap that will stretch out as far into the
future as possible, that takes into account
both planned and unplanned component
obsolescence, that it will have technology
MIL EMBEDDED: Explain how your
company addresses obsolescence
mitigation.
The fact is that yes, obsolescence is a
problem but how you respond to it is also
a business opportunity. It’s an opportunity to create better customer relationships, it’s an opportunity to create differentiation, and competitive leverage and
it’s an opportunity to create long term
revenue streams. If there’s one thing that
defines Radstone, it’s our unique and,
we’d venture to say, industry-leading
approach to helping our customers deal
with obsolescence.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the “hottest”
military programs right now?
CAVILL: The really hot programs are the
unmanned vehicle programs, especially
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs).
That’s where the action is – in programs
like Predator and Global Hawk. Why?
The military is committed to reducing
the number of personnel it places in positions of danger so unmanned vehicles
are an obvious response. It has to be said
also that, in terms of value for money,
unmanned vehicles deliver a lot of bang
for the buck which makes them very
attractive. From our point of view, it’s
something that’s very exciting – not least
because unmanned vehicles are huge consumers of electronics.
MIL EMBEDDED: We see the type and
scope of embedded and COTS technologies applicable to the military as
exponentially expanding. What are the
challenges of insertion, interoperability,
and sustainment in this rapidly expanding universe?
CAVILL: You must start out with a stable,
viable architecture that is premised upon
the idea that it will form the basis of a
continuing flow of leading-edge but backwards-compatible products. You define
the envelope in which a series of products
will operate, you define the interfaces that
you’ll plan to sustain over an extended
period, and you design compatibility in
from the very beginning. The roadmap
has to be an integral part of the product
concept: devising a leading-edge point
solution in this market is just not going to
be successful for anyone.
That said, what’s key to us is finding out
what the customer really wants. On occasions, we’ve been surprised to find that
customers will happily exchange some
degree of backwards compatibility if what
they get back is a bigger step forward in
performance. The default, though, is that
what we produce today and tomorrow will
provide the continuity and compatibility
that characterize most military programs.
Peter Cavill received a B.Sc. in
Electrical Engineering from
Loughborough University in 1968
and an M.Sc. in Microelectronics
and Semiconductor Technology from
Southampton University in 1970. He
then worked as a design engineer at
GEC Semiconductors, then at Fairchild
as Manager of the European Design
centre. From 1979 to 1989 Peter worked
at Inmos as Director of the Microsystems
Business and was responsible for the
team that developed and marketed the
transputer.
In 1993, following a two year period
as CEO of Anamartic Ltd., and a short
period with Spider Systems he joined
Radstone Technology as Director of the
Industrial Products Division. Peter is
currently president of Radstone’s main
Embedded Computing business.
For further information, contact Peter at:
Radstone Embedded Computing
50 Tice Boulevard
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677-7645
Tel: 800-368-2738
Fax: 201-391-2899
E-mail: sales@radstone.com
Website: www.radstone.com
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Focus on systems,
switched fabrics
Q & A with Tom Quinly, President,
Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded Computing
EDITOR’S FOREWORD
Most readers will recognize the company Curtiss-Wright because of its tie-in to the famous aviators who made airline
travel possible. But many may not know that Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded Computing (CWCEC) is one of the largest
suppliers of embedded products and technology to the defense and aerospace market.
Tom Quinly is president of this division of the even larger Curtiss-Wright Corporation. Tom is no stranger to Commercial
Off-the-Shelf (COTS) or technology, having managed DSP and harsh-environment businesses before taking over the helm at
CWCEC. Tom gave us some time out of his busy schedule to provide his view from the top. – Ed.
MIL EMBEDDED: Tell us briefly about your company’s focus as
applied to the military.
QUINLY: CWCEC is the industry’s most comprehensive and experienced vendor for standards-based embedded computing solutions, ranging from processing, data communication, DSP, radar,
video and graphics modules, to fully-integrated subsystems
where we manage the integration work beyond our customer’s
value-add expertise.
CWCEC and its legacy companies have delivered over 100,000
modules into the defense and aerospace market. In fact, we’ve
delivered over 10,000 modules for the Abrams Main Battle Tank
program alone. We deliver core building block solutions at the
level of integration that works best for our customers.
Along with technology, we also provide our Defense and
Aerospace (D&A) customers the additional services they require.
Since the critical retrofit market can’t always leverage COTS,
CWCEC offers custom variants of our standard products. Also,
our consistent product roadmaps support the spiral upgrades our
customers need. Our product life cycle services guarantee supply and repair longevity after programs enter production, and our
dedicated obsolescence mitigation division manages customer
production programs.
MIL EMBEDDED: What’s new in the area of COTS and/or
military systems?
QUINLY: We’re at an exciting point of technology revolution.
Advancements in form factors, switched fabrics, and reconfigurable computing are creating new paradigms and driving new
power/weight/performance densities. These trends align precisely with demands for platforms, such as multiple Unmanned
Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Joint Strike Fighter (JSF), and Future
Combat System (FCS), that we address with the technologies and
expertise resident in the various CWCEC groups.
From a world perspective, conflicts such as the ongoing war in
Iraq impact our D&A customers, who in turn challenge us to pro-
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
vide extended product support for platforms critical to our troops.
Success in this area results from our commitment to our customers and our unmatched support for legacy products.
We also see increasing demand for US eyes-only program support. Our strong US design, manufacturing, and support base
makes us well positioned to support this work.
Lastly, from a schedule perspective, our customers are pressed
to meet tougher schedule demands. This has led us to enhance
timely, on-site support for customers with demanding integration
challenges.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the top three embedded
technologies you’re seeing in the market today?
QUINLY: While this is a dynamic time in our marketplace, today’s
top three answers are: First, PowerPC continues to dominate our
market, it’s unquestionably the default processor technology for
a wide range of computing applications ranging from traditional
SBCs to DSPs. We see demand for PowerPC in VME, 3U and
6U CompactPCI, Processor PMCs, in all ruggedization levels
and with all leading operating systems: We don’t see this trend
lessening.
Second, our customers want to leverage the competitive advantage of Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) technology in
complex systems, an area CWCEC has invested heavily in. Our
goal is to provide our customers with a positive “out of box”
FPGA technology experience that enables them to focus on their
area of expertise rather than “bits and bytes work”. We intend to
be the leading vendor in delivering this capability to our marketplace. While FPGAs represent a cost and schedule programmatic risk for customers they also offer a unique size/weight/cost/
power value proposition. Users of our CHAMP-FX FPGA boards
tell us that we’re delivering on this promise. We have powerful
examples: customers have reduced a shelf of cards to a one- or
two-slot solution. To mitigate risk, CWCEC provides significant
support, ranging from getting customers up and running to algorithm development.
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Third, we see growth in communication fabrics. Today we offer
a broad range of products, from sensor interfaces such as serial
Front Panel Data Port (FPDP) and Fibre Channel, to high-speed
streaming I/O using StarFabric, to system-wide connectivity and
Gigabit Ethernet. Netcentric computing is coming to almost every
platform and a significant area of focus for CWCEC is bridging
system-level I/O to the fabric paradigm.
MIL EMBEDDED: Conversely, what are the key technology
areas that the military is demanding? Of these, are they
readily available or still a “wish list?”
QUINLY: COTS “wish-list” items often reflect a customer’s
success drivers. First, we address these by facilitating on-target
delivery to time and cost program metrics. Second, we deliver
innovative compute platforms to provide the building blocks
required by their platform-specific challenges.
Since time and cost challenges are frequently driven by software
requirements, code portability is one “wish-list” item we focus
on. In numerous examples, our customers have migrated to nextgeneration products with minimal (less than one week) porting
effort. CWCEC designs to open standards that don’t lock our
customers to proprietary solutions and retain customers through
quality of products and services.
One future “wish-list” item, not yet a mature capability, is consistent and flexible programmability of systems based on different
computing technologies (CPUs and FPGAs). Another is plug-
and-play integration when mixing software packages and I/O.
Our technology breadth puts us in a unique position to achieve
this level of interoperability. To focus on this goal, we recently
launched the first company-wide Interoperability Lab to provide
testing and development to ensure interoperability across our
product line and with key third-party boards.
MIL EMBEDDED: Are serial switched fabrics for real or
just hype?
QUINLY: Switch fabrics aren’t just where we are headed: they are
here today. StarFabric was the first switched fabric adopted by our
industry and CWCEC legacy companies led this movement. We
have established positions on premier platforms such as JSF and
FCS and we will carry this position forward to support the next
generation fabrics. To CWCEC, fabrics are a fundamental architectural driver for future solutions. The question isn’t will switched
serial fabrics exist but rather how we provide tools and middleware
to support software portability to next-generation fabrics.
MIL EMBEDDED: There’s been a great deal of industry
consolidation over the past several years. What effects will this
have on the military customer?
QUINLY: As the COTS initiative reaches a new level of maturity
it drives increased investment and growth. This also results in
increased journalistic coverage as evidenced by your new publication, Military Embedded Systems. The consolidation seen in
recent years significantly lowers the risk for military customers
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looking to outsource technology development and focus on their
own value add: the end application domain. CWCEC, for example, offers customers one-stop-shopping, solid program management, and the confidence that their COTS vendor has financial
security and will be around for a long, long time.
MIL EMBEDDED: Talk about applying telecom technology in
military applications.
QUINLY: While the two markets are very distinct, the COTS market definitely benefits from the telecom market’s development
of 10 Gigabit Ethernet and serial switched fabrics. Other areas
that migrate from telecom to COTS include security, encryption,
and fault tolerant architectures as well as the drive to increased
reliability. Telecom is also giving us chips that work over wider
temperature ranges.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are some of the system-level trends you
are seeing?
QUINLY: Just as board-level products went through a transition
from point designs to the open architecture building blocks we
have today, we are seeing a desire in the marketplace for openarchitecture based subsystems that can be a building block for
an integrator’s own system development activities. Integrators
are increasingly looking to outsource the development of these
subsystems to allow them to concentrate on their core integration
capability. To stay competitive and focus their efforts, many of
our customers have found that it is more cost effective to team
with a supplier that can provide them with a COTS-based subsystem, which can typically be supplied much more quickly than a
point design box.
solutions to support these programs with a business model that
leverages our R&D investment.
A dedicated group within CWCEC addresses custom form factor opportunities by leveraging our core hardware and software
investments to create innovative business models that bridge
our customer’s wide ranging programmatic needs and our R&D
investment. When our customers give us a chance, we find we
can find a winning solution.
Thanks, Chris for this great opportunity to communicate
CWCEC’s role in developing technology and solutions for the
COTS market.
Tom Quinly is president of Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded
Computing, formerly the president of Dy 4 Systems (acquired
by Curtiss-Wright Controls in February, 2004). His 25-year
career in high-tech industries has spanned both the defense and
commercial sectors and brings a broad base of experience in
operations, programs, and finance.
For further information, contact Tom at:
Curtiss-Wright Controls Embedded Computing
741-G Miller Drive, SE
Leesburg, VA 20175
Tel: 703-779-7800
Fax: 703-779-7805
E-mail: sales@cwcembedded.com
Website: www.cwcembedded.com
[Full disclosure: editor Chris Ciufo was formerly employed by Dy4
Systems and VISTA Controls, two companies since acquired by CWCEC.]
These subsystems can take advantage of CWCEC’s large catalog of open architecture interoperable standards-based boardlevel products. We have the ability to put these building blocks
together in a subsystem that is cost effective and developed under
demanding schedules. We can also leverage our COTS building
blocks to provide customization of the subsystem and to provide
the level of subsystem integration that meets the needs of the
customer’s program.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the “hottest” military programs
right now?
QUINLY: The JSF, FCS, Joint Unmanned Combat Air System
(J-UCAS), Multi-mission Maritime Aircraft (MMA) are military
R&D programs with promise of significant future volume deployment. There are also many interesting UAV programs. Because
many new platforms are still years away, existing platforms that
must be sustained and require shorter-term upgrades will result in
shorter time-to-revenue for the COTS industry.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the least likely types of programs
and applications to use COTS technology and civilian
embedded electronics?
QUINLY: Space-based applications that require radiation hardening and applications that require custom form factors are typically
not suitable to COTS. Surprisingly, large volume programs, such
as missile programs, which aren’t typically a good fit for COTS,
offer a clear win/win opportunity to leverage CWCEC technology through a licensing arrangement. We can provide innovative
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Reconfigurable systems;
Disruptive technologies
Q & A with Ed Hennessy, VP of Business Development,
North American Operations, Nallatech, Inc.
EDITOR’S FOREWORD
Nallatech is at the cutting edge of multi- and signal-processing systems, parsing complex tasks into bite-sized chunks using
reconfigurable logic on modular, distributed nodes. The company uses Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs), a unique
communications scheme, and a mesh-like fabric interconnect to realize ultra-high performance/size ratios. The company’s
products are particularly well suited to defense and aerospace applications, as Vice President of Business Development, North
American Operations, Ed Hennessy clearly demonstrates.
Ed has been in the embedded industry for a long time, managing companies through the beginning of the “COTS era”
before that name was coined. We caught up with Ed in his busy role at positioning Nallatech as an even bigger player in
military systems. – Ed.
MIL EMBEDDED: Tell us briefly about your company’s focus as
applied to the military.
HENNESSY: Over 50 percent of Nallatech’s revenue is from the
defense and military market. Our primary segment is surveillance
and reconnaissance, with emphasis on airborne, surface-ship,
satellite communications and ground-based platforms and programs. There is also activity in the software defined radio area for
signals intelligence applications. We are seeing a demand in the
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) area for increased search and
target acquisition, as these platforms migrate to tactical, weapons-based systems. Although homeland security is not classified
as defense and military, we are seeing a transfer of technologies
to this emerging segment.
Nallatech’s FPGA/reconfigurable computing technology has
been regarded as “disruptive.” As a by-product, this COTS-based
(Commercial Off-The-Shelf) technology is in the defense and military market, primarily for tech insertions and upgrades. We continue to see defense contractors/integrators as the primary source
of business. However, in the last three to five years many small
to medium-sized defense system builders and integrators are
“taking down” significant contracts, previously the domain of the
big players.
Nallatech grew up in the defense and military market applying
technology to missile simulation, with the founders of the company migrating from BAE Systems in the UK. Our people have
experience and expertise in the defense and military market, not
only in the application of our technology, but also with an understanding of COTS supportability, life-cycle support and program/
platform knowledge.
MIL EMBEDDED: What’s new in the area of COTS and/or
military?
HENNESSY: The industry went through a cycle, primarily due to
“top line” budget/funding allocation, that caused defense contrac-
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
tors/integrators to have a one year perspective on certain classes
of programs. This limited view severely impacted the ability to
understand, plan, and provide successive refinements to the critical needs of these programs and platforms. Now, program considerations are focused on life cycle with planned improvements.
Defense and military contractors and integrators are drawing in
their COTS counterparts to participate in this planning process.
MIL EMBEDDED: So military systems are fundamentally out of
sync with COTS technology cycles. Explain the impact of this
on the military, and what industry and defense are doing to
combat the issue.
HENNESSY: There are two key industry challenges: 1) The imbalance of the program life cycle as viewed by the government or
military customer, defense contractor/integrator, and COTS providers. The time schemes of each are out of sync. 2) The realities
of obsolescence management and life-cycle support where the
defense community is at the whim of the commercial market.
The defense community is the party that must continue to comply
and adapt.
Some military customers have adopted a view of successive
refinements or Spiral Development to their program cycles and
platforms. These methodologies can lessen the impact of the
imbalance and minimize early obsolescence. COTS was mandated by law. However, it is through industry working groups and
the collaboration of government and military, defense contractors, and COTS providers that these industry challenges will be
tackled. This is now an implementation issue.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the top three embedded
technologies you’re seeing in the market today?
HENNESSY: The emphasis appears to be on software systems and
tools (programmability), and multicomputing DSPs and FPGAs
as a new entrant for the application areas that we focus on. There
is also a trend emerging for server-based technologies that have
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Mil Tech Trends
been abundant in high-performance computing to migrate to the
embedded market.
MIL EMBEDDED: Tell us about some of the technologies from
telecom that you think will have the biggest impact on defense
systems, and why.
HENNESSY: Short-term advances include packaging solutions
such as AdvancedTCA and MicroTCA. This will allow us to
bring reconfigurable processing capability to more compact
environments and increase functionality. Two other areas are
encryption technologies and IP-enabled schemes that will be key
to meeting the demands of classified applications and remote or
mobile users.
MIL EMBEDDED: Conversely, what are the key technology
areas that the military is demanding? Of these, are they
readily available or still a “wish list?”
HENNESSY: 1) Sensor-to-Shooter: this revolves around target
detection/acquisition systems and weapons sequence initiation.
2) Urban Fighting Systems: concerns the experiences gained in
Afghanistan and Iraq, the need to train and equip the warfighter
differently and innovate new technologies with heavier emphasis on miniaturization and unmanned vehicles. Both of these are
evolving, have realistic goals, and are backed by significant funding. Finally, 3) Digital Battlefield: this has made great strides;
however, achieving cross-platform interoperability has been a
more difficult task.
MIL EMBEDDED: How is the increasing size, speed, and
complexity of FPGAs and other programmable devices
changing the nature of military systems?
HENNESSY: FPGAs and reconfigurable computing systems are
“disruptive” in critical defense and military applications. We
speak of the SWAP proposition: Size, Weight, and Performance
gains achieved through the use of these technologies. SWAP is
a powerful angle, allowing systems architects for the first time
to develop a solution that fits the application. This is due to the
“pick and choose” configurability of these technologies.
For example, in an avionics application the freedom and flexibility provided by these technologies allows the designer to look at
solving the flight envelope challenge in more effective ways than
utilizing conventional microprocessors. The performance gains
can be astounding, sometimes accelerating an application by
50 to 100+ times at a fraction of the cost, depending on the nature
of the application.
While FPGAs get rapped for complexity of programming and
power consumption load, this technology is rapidly advancing
with continuous introductions of compiler technology and tools.
Additionally, we have done studies based on customer installations which have proven that a comparably configured subsystem
based on microprocessor technology would consume as much as
100 to 200 times the power load as an FPGA-based solution.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the key challenges of insertion,
interoperability, and sustainment in this rapidly expanding
universe?
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HENNESSY: Most COTS companies are building and supporting products. Few have put in the effort to understand the
target environments, platform considerations, applications fit,
and life cycle requirements that are critical to their customers’
success.
While standards are aiding the cause, many COTS suppliers
leverage the standards with a unique “twist” in their product
interpretation that adds complexity to the systems builder. Lastly,
when many COTS suppliers speak of life cycle, they are referring
to their products and not the target program. Defense contractors
and integrators need to work with COTS providers to minimize
this gap.
MIL EMBEDDED: Explain how your company addresses
obsolescence mitigation.
HENNESSY: As a COTS provider, Nallatech processes and practices deal with component selection, replacement, and substitution. We also maintain an archival database to support configuration management, resulting in reproducibility and traceability.
FPGA/reconfigurable computing technology is probably the
closest to meeting the promise of COTS evolution, because of its
range of configurability and “pick and choose” nature.
MIL EMBEDDED: What about all this industry consolidation?
HENNESSY: Although there are several big players, there are no
signs or indications that innovation is moving in the wrong direction or that the big players are squeezing other companies out.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the key challenges faced by military
systems designers?
Probably the biggest challenges are minimizing complexity and
keeping pace with customers’ changing needs. The threats are
changing so rapidly and dramatically that systems designers are
discovering that a solution is obsolete even before it gets fully
deployed. This is the beauty of reconfigurable systems such as
Nallatech’s.
MIL EMBEDDED: Talk about the top three most important
issues pertaining to software in military embedded
systems.
HENNESSY: “Programmability,” in terms of simplifying the task
and accelerating the development cycle. Next, “standardizing”
on a software platform that allows easy migration with no major
rewrites or conversions, from desktop development to launching an embedded application. The third issue is “certification”
as programs extend to a COTS-based solution, the awareness of
requirements is surfacing. The primary challenge for the COTS
suppliers is, “Will they comply and who will pay for it?”
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the “hottest” military programs
right now?
HENNESSY: Programs are termed “hot” because they flow from
the key initiatives, are funded, and will see full deployment and
production. Following is a list of unclassified programs: JTRS,
JSF, FCS, DDx, LCS, ARCI-1, TUAV, AF UCAV, ACS, ATSP3,
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ADCAP, and RAROS. Almost more important are the areas
of focus: COTS for aging aircraft, UAV suite, SDR (SIGINT),
SATCOMM, and wireless base stations.
InfiniBand and Xilinx Rocket I/O channels to accommodate the
high rate and volume of data being acquired by the sensor-based
front end, while handling the data reduction functions.
MIL EMBEDDED: What are the least likely types of programs
and applications to use COTS technology and civilian
embedded electronics?
Ed Hennessy is vice president of business development,
North American Operations, Nallatech, Inc. He has more than
25 years’ experience in senior management, marketing, business development, and sales. He has contributed to the growth
and success of leading companies specializing in the embedded
systems market including Mercury Computer Systems, Dy 4
Systems, and Analogic/SKY Computers. His defense and military expertise spans various technologies that are applied to
the avionics (surveillance/reconnaissance and tactical combat
operations), navtronics (surface ship and undersea warfare),
and vetronics (ground-based vehicles) market segments. Ed has
developed a unique industry program for COTS supportability
and life cycle considerations that has become a standard of
doing business.
HENNESSY: This would include certain classes of avionics
platforms that need liquid-cooled, harsh-packaged designs and
MCMs that must interface with custom systems (retrofit or
upgrade); certain space-based platforms that require rad-hard
designs; platforms such as missiles that require special form factors and customized fire and forget software; and programs that
require the porting and life-cycle support for non-industry standard operating systems and tools.
MIL EMBEDDED: Finally, are serial switched fabrics for
real or just hype? Where might the military really use this
technology?
For further information, contact Ed at:
HENNESSY: Switched fabrics are real. In spite of the “fabric
wars” hype, they are an integral element of the overall system.
This technology can be leveraged in most network-centric applications or high-scalability applications that are typically demanding and complex. An example of a fabric-dependent application is
a SATCOMM project that has in excess of 150 FPGAs, utilizing
P R O D U C T
Nallatech, Inc.
1010 Liberty Road, Suite 103
Eldersburg, 21784
Tel: 877-44-NALLA
E-mail: e.hennessy@nallatech.com
Website: www.nallatech.com
P R O F I L E
I N D E X
Pg/RSC# Company/Category
Pg/RSC# Company/Category
Pg/RSC# Company/Category
Pg/RSC# Company/Category
11601
6601
6101
6102
9901
12701
9201
14101
6602
14501
9802
9701
9702
9801
11801
10301
12601
7701
10501
11701
13101
6801
12802
12801
14001
6301
7601
12301
12302
6902
8201
12501
6701
13001
11901
8701
13201
13401
9301
10402
10401
7801
9101
7301
9501
11602
7901
9401
ACP – Graphical user interface
Alphi Technology –
MIL-specific I/O
American Predator – Proprietary
small form factor
AP Labs – Rugged chassis
Arcom – PC/104
Arcom – Processors
Ardence – Real-time operating
systems
Avalon Defense – DC-DC converter
Avalon Defense – MIL-specific I/O
Avalon Defense – Miscellaneous
Avalon Defense – Miscellaneous
Azonix, a Crane Co. – Other
complete rugged
BittWare – DSP
BMC – PC/104
Carlo Gavazzi – ATR
Carlo Gavazzi – Backplane
Carlo Gavazzi – PCI
Carlo Gavazzi – PMC
Carlo Gavazzi – Rugged chassis
Condor Engineering –
MIL-specific I/O
Crane – DC-DC converter
Crane – Electronics packaging
Crane – Electronics packaging
Crane – Slot cards
Crane – Standalone power supply
CES – CompactPCI
Diamond Systems – Processors
Diamond Systems – Processors
DIGITAL-LOGIC – PC/104
DNA – VMEbus
DSS Networks – CompactPCI
Dynatem – VMEbus
EBS – Real-time operating systems
Enseo – PC/104
Excalibur – VMEbus
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11302
11301
8501
9001
10101
12402
12401
12102
12001
12002
12502
7101
6002
11501
6202
12101
6901
8102
10602
7001
6001
6802
8002
8101
14801
10601
7502
13701
13601
Gage – Data acquisition
Gage – Data acquisition
General Micro Systems – VMEbus
Geotest – Rugged chassis
Harris Corporation, RF
Communications Division
– VMEbus
HelloSoft – Other
HelloSoft – Other
Highland Technology – Precision
Instrument
Highland Technology – VMEbus
Highland Technology, Inc. – VMEbus
Hybricon – Backplane
Hybricon – Backplane
Hybricon – Box-level purpose built
Hybricon – Electronics packaging
Hybricon – Electronics packaging
Hybricon – Rugged chassis
Innovative Integration –
CompactPCI
Innovative Integration –
Data acquisition
Innovative Integration –
Development environment/Tools
Innovative Integration – DSP
Innovative Integration – Electronics
packaging
Innovative Integration – PCI
Innovative Integration – PMC
Innovative Integration – Processors
Inova Computers – CompactPCI
ICS Ltd. – Data acquisition
ICS Ltd. – PCI
ICS Ltd. – PMC
ICS Ltd. – PMC
ITCN – Analyzer/Monitor
KineticSystems – Processors
KineticSystems – PXI
Kontron – Other complete rugged
Kontron – Other complete rugged
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
8502
14301
14401
10801
13501
13502
10201
10001
8601
9601
10702
11202
13901
13301
11502
14201
12201
7401
6501
13801
11201
11102
10902
10901
8901
8001
7201
7202
6402
Kontron Mobile – Other complete
rugged
Linktronic – Special purpose
LiPPERT GmbH – Mission computer
LiPPERT GmbH – Mission
computer
McObject LLC – Complete
packaged system
Medea – Mass storage
Megatel – Other complete rugged
MEN Micro – Proprietary small
form factor
North Atlantic – VMEbus
Parsec – Special purpose
Pentek – VMEbus
Phoenix International – Complete
packaged system
Phoenix International – Magnetic
HDD
Pinnacle Data Systems – Other
complete rugged
Pulse Electronics – Standalone
power supply
Quantum3D – Development
environment/Tools
Quantum3D – Mission computer
Radstone – ATR
Radstone – CompactPCI
Radstone – Graphics
Rave Computer – Other complete
rugged
Red Rock – Magnetic HDD
Red Rock – Solid state
Red Rock – Solid state
Red Rock – Solid state
RGB Spectrum – Video
Robotrol – PC/104
SBS – CompactPCI
SBS – CompactPCI
SBS – FPGA/Reconfigurable
computing
14901
13802
15001
14702
14701
11401
14601
11101
11001
11002
8202
8301
8302
8401
8402
7501
8801
8802
11702
12602
13102
12901
12702
14902
6201
6401
10302
7102
9002
SBS – MIL-specific I/O
SBS – Mission computer
SBS – VMEbus
SBS – VMEbus
SBS – VMEbus
SBS – VMEbus
Seaweed Systems – Graphics
software
Signametrics – PXI
SKY Computers – Other
complete rugged
Spectral Dynamics ARPG – VXI
SPIRIT – Wireless
SPIRIT – Wireless
Synplicity – Development
environment/Tools
Tactronics – Mission computer
Targa Systems – Solid state
Targa Systems – Solid state
Targa Systems – Solid state
Technobox – PMC
Technobox – PMC
Technobox – PMC
Technobox – PMC
Technobox – PMC
Technobox – PrPMC
Titan Corporation – Video
Titan Corporation – Video
TimeSys – Linux
Tracewell – Rugged chassis
Tracewell – Slot cards
Tri-M Systems – DC-DC converter
Tyco Electronics – Connectors
VMETRO Transtech – Bus analyzer
VMETRO Transtech – Data
acquisition
VMETRO Transtech – FPGA/
Reconfigurable computing
VMETRO Transtech – Processors
Voiceboard – CompactPCI
Voiceboard – VMEbus
RSC# 59 @www.mil-embedded.com/rsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 59
Boards
Data acquisition
Interactive Circuits and Systems Ltd.
ICS daqPC
ICS daqPC is a PC-based, real-time data acquisition system, which can be
fully configured to offer a powerful sensor processing solution, tailored
to the most demanding of user DSP requirements. Capable of accepting
both ICS and third-party boards, it can be fully integrated for real-time
applications that require acquisition, processing, and archiving of large
volumes of analog input signal data.
The daqPC is fully interoperable with a wide range of ICS PCI
products, providing a full complement of high channel count and/or
high-bandwidth system solutions. In addition, the daqPC is available
in a low-profile, 8.6" high enclosure, which can be expanded using a
separate enclosure.
FEATURES:
■ Offers high-speed record/playback capability, storing up to 1.4 TeraBytes of
digital data on an array of hard drives
■ Digital recording of sensor signals at more than 400 MBps sustained rate
■ daqPC supports time-stamp recording, using either an on-card or off-card source
■ Available in rackmount and portable versions
■ Built-in 1 Gb network interface
■ LabVIEW/MATLAB signal analysis options
5430 Canotek Road
Ottawa, ON K1J 9G2
Tel: 613-749-9241 • Fax: 613-749-9461
Toll-free US only: 1-800-267-9794
www.ics-ltd.com
For more info contact: sales@ics-ltd.com
RSC #6001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
Data acquisition
Innovative Integration
Oruga
Oruga is an intelligent PCI data acquisition/playback card capable
of capturing 64 analog input channels with 16-bit resolution at
66 kHz each, and playing four analog output channels at up to 2 MHz,
with advanced triggering options offering an amazing flexibility. The
C6713 DSP assures the control of all peripherals and offers ample math
coprocessing bandwidth with extreme flexibility and ease of programming. With a very complete set of peripherals for a fast system integration, including digital I/O, private external data port and multi-board
synchronization, Oruga is a complete solution for desktop and industrial
PC applications.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
225 MHz TMS320C6713 DSP
Advanced DMA and cache controller
32 MB Memory
32/64 input up to 66 kHz, 32:1 mux to two 16-bit A/Ds
Four D/A 16-bit to 2 MHz each (optional)
Complex trigger modes
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #6002 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
60 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Gage Applied Technologies
Boards
Data acquisition
New 12-bit, 400 MS/s Dual-channel PCI bus Digitizer
Gage’s new CS12400 PCI bus digitizer features 12-bit vertical resolution,
400 MS/s sampling, and high 200 MHz bandwidth. The fast sampling
rate enables the capture of high-speed signals with ultra-high timing
precision. The high resolution allows the capture of signals with a very
high dynamic range. The CS12400 is available with up to 4 GB on-board
memory.
Programming-free operation is provided with GageScope® oscilloscope
software. SDKs for C/C++, LabVIEW, MATLAB, and other programming
environments are also available.
The CS12400 is ideal for applications such as radar, lidar, signal
intelligence, imaging, spectroscopy, wireless communications, ultrasonic
NDT, and manufacturing test.
FEATURES:
1 Provost, Suite 200
Lachine, PQ H8S 4H2
Tel: 514-633-7447 • Fax: 514-633-0770
www.gage-applied.com
For more info contact: prodinfo@gage-applied.com
■ High resolution AND high speed in a single digitizer: 12 bit, 400 MS/s sampling
■ Available with up to 4GB of on-board acquisition memory for extremely long
signal capture
■ FPGA Signal Averaging option available for extracting small signals from a
background of high amplitude noise
■ FPGA Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filtering option available for removing
unwanted signal features, such as noise
■ For programming-free operation, Gage provides GageScope, an easy-to-use
windows-based oscilloscope software
■ For integration into your own applications, C/C++, LabVIEW, and MATLAB
Software Development Kits are also available
RSC #6101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Gage Applied Technologies
Boards
Data acquisition
On-board FPGA Averaging & FIR Filter for PCI digitizers
Gage’s new Finite Impulse Response (FIR) Filtering and Signal Averaging
FPGA technology provide a fast and efficient means for users to process
data on-board Gage’s digitizers and transfer only the data that is of
interest to the PC for further analysis.
Signal averaging is a powerful method of improving the fidelity of noisy
repetitive signals. Small signals can be extracted from a background
of high amplitude noise.
FIR Filtering is a powerful method for removing unwanted signal
features, such as noise, and emphasizing signal features of interest.
Applications include: ultrasonic, radar or lidar, fiber optics, stimulusresponse systems, network analysis, and communications.
FEATURES:
1 Provost, Suite 200
Lachine, PQ H8S 4H2
Tel: 514-633-7447 • Fax: 514-633-0770
www.gage-applied.com
For more info contact: prodinfo@gage-applied.com
RSC #6102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
■ Signal Averaging and FIR Filtering are optional Field Programmable Gate Array
(FPGA) images installed on select Gage digitizers
■ Available on Gage’s CS12400 (12-bit, 400 MS/s), CS14200 (14-bit, 200 MS/s),
and CS14105 (14-bit, 105 MS/s) digitizers
■ Waveforms can be signal-averaged at a rate of over 100,000 waveforms per
second for a data processing rate of 800 MB/s
■ FIR Filtering allows more complex filtering than traditional analog filters, such as
Moving Average Filters & Gaussian Filters
■ FIR Filtering of digitized data is performed in real-time, with no reduction of
digitizer repetitive signal capture rate
■ Compatible with Gage’s Software Development Kits for C/C++, LabVIEW,
MATLAB, and other programming environments
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 61
Boards
Data acquisition
VMETRO Transtech
Open MDR Real-Time Data Recorder
Open MDR is a family of custom programmable modular data
recorders for VME, CompactPCI, or PC systems. It is designed to enable the
integration of real-time data recording into high-performance data
acquisition systems such as those found in surveillance, SIGINT, telemetry,
semiconductor, and medical imaging systems. Open MDR is optimized
for maximum flexibility and includes onboard options for 2 Gbps Fibre
Channel, Gigabit Ethernet, or RACE++ interfaces without sacrificing
PMC sites. Open MDR includes VMETRO’s SAN Access Software for data
recording environments such as remote management, disk grouping,
intelligent disk management, and real-time data recording.
FEATURES:
■ 385 MBps sustained recording performance
■ Real-time file system ensures deterministic operation
■ Multiple input source support includes: PMC, Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet,
VME, and RACE++
■ Compatible with VMETRO’s SAN Access Software products
1880 Dairy Ashford, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77077
Tel: 281-584-0728 • Fax: 281-584-9034
vmetro.com
For more info contact: info@vmetro.com
RSC #6201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
DSP
Innovative Integration
Quadia
Quadia is a quad-DSP, dual FPGA, dual PMC site, CompactPCI board
with an advanced architecture that provides the best inter-processor
connectivity and access to the finest external interfaces available today.
Delivering blazing performance and extreme flexibility for advanced signal capture and real-time processing applications, the board features
four C6416 DSPs split into two independent clusters, each hosting a
PMC site and one large FPGA for end-user code. A central FPGA routes
inter-processor communication, end-user FPGA communication, external port serial I/O for PCI-Express or other private link, global memory,
and PCI interface.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
720 MHz TMS320C6416 DSP (x4)
64 MB SDRAM per processor
Flexible internal/external communication mesh
64-bit/66 MHz CompactPCI
Two PMC sites with Jn4 to FPGA
External data port, up to 12 Gbps
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #6202 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
62 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
DSP
BittWare, Inc.
T2 Family of Products
BittWare, Inc. is the leading supplier of TigerSHARC DSP solutions
that enable OEMs to quickly and cost-effectively get their products
to market.
Our DSP expertise includes all SHARCs: ADSP-TS201, TS101, 21160,
21161, 2106x, and 21020. Our solutions are available in both commercial and conduction-cooled versions, as well as standard form factors, such as VME, 6U and 3U CompactPCI, AMC, PCI, and PMC.
In 2004, BittWare opened its BittWare UK branch with its acquisition
of EZ-DSP, Ltd., one of the leading software developers for Analog
Devices’ TigerSHARC processors, strengthening BittWare’s position as
a market-leading producer of COTS embedded computing solutions.
T2 Family
BittWare's newest family of products – the T2 Family – features
the ADSP-TS201 TigerSHARC processor. The T2 Family includes VME,
6U CompactPCI, PCI, and PMC boards.
To take full advantage of the high-performance TigerSHARC, the
T2 Family implements BittWare’s ATLANTiS™ – Advanced Transfer
Link Architecture for New TigerSHARC® – which combines robust
TigerSHARC processing with the versatile Xilinx Virtex-II Pro FPGA to
offer ultra-high performance and unprecedented I/O bandwidth.
TigerSHARC COTS VME/VXS board
The newest member of the T2 Family is the T2-6U-VME (T2V6), the
first-ever COTS VME/VXS board based on the ADSP-TS201, featuring eight ADSP-TS201 TigerSHARC DSPs. The board is designed for
demanding multiprocessor-based operations, and is targeted towards
a broad range of applications including radar, sonar, communications,
and imaging. It is available in both air-cooled and conduction-cooled
versions.
BittWare merges the power of the TigerSHARC with the
flexibility of PMC
The T2-PMC is a multiprocessor PCI Mezzanine Card featuring four
ADSP-TS201 TigerSHARCs. The T2-PMC is the third addition to
BittWare’s T2 family of TigerSHARC boards. In addition to the 600
MHz TigerSHARCs, the T2-PMC features a Xilinx Virtex-II Pro FPGA,
64-bit 66 MHz PCI interface, large onboard memory, and more than
4 GBps of flexible, high-throughput I/O interfaces.
FEATURES:
■ Up to eight ADSP-TS201 DSPs @ 600 MHz: 3.6 GFLOPS
floating-point power, 14.4 BOPS of 16-bit processing,
24 Mb of on-chip RAM
■ Up to two Xilinx Virtex-II Pro FPGAs
■ Up to two PMC sites with PMC+ extensions for BittWare’s
PMC+ I/O modules
■ 64 MB to 1 GB of onboard SDRAM
■ 64-bit, 66 MHz PCI interface via BittWare's SharcFIN ASIC
■ 8-16 MB of Flash memory
■ Two link ports per DSP dedicated for interprocessor
communications
■ Up to eight external link ports @ 500 MBps, each via
Virtex-II Pro routing
■ Up to 168 DIO via Virtex-II Pro routing
■ Up to 16 channels Rocket I/O, high-speed serial
transceivers via Virtex-II Pro routing
■ BittWare's SW development kit for Windows® and Linux:
C-callable library of control communications routines
■ Analog Devices’ VisualDSP; Bittwares TigerSHARC
BSP for Gedae
31B South Main Street
Concord, NH 03301
Tel: 603-226-0404 • Fax: 603-226-6667
www.bittware.com
For more info contact: info@bittware.com
RSC #6301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 63
Boards
FPGA/Reconfigurable computing
VMETRO Transtech
PMC-FPGA03/F Xilinx Virtex II Pro FPGA PMC
The PMC-FPGA03 is a Xilinx XC2VP20/30/50 Virtex-II Pro based
FPGA PMC module, which interfaces directly to two banks of DDR
SDRAM and three banks of QDR-II SRAM for high performance, low
latency applications. Xilinx RocketIO channels are available at either the
front panel or PMC connector as a build option. The PMC-FPGA03 communicates with a variety of Windows, VxWorks, and Linux host computers via an optimized 64-bit/66 MHz PCI bus interface. The module
is available in air-cooled and conduction-cooled variants. Fiber-optic
options are also available. Example VHDL code blocks are provided to
show how the PMC-FPGA03 resources can be used, along with utilities
for configuring Flash.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Xilinx Virtex-II Pro FPGA
High-speed serial I/O (RocketIO)
Parallel digital I/O
Modular I/O system supporting standards such as LVDS and custom I/O
64-bit/66 MHz master/slave PCI interface
Rugged, conduction-cooled build variants
1880 Dairy Ashford, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77077
Tel: 281-584-0728 • Fax: 281-584-9034
www.vmetro.com
For more info contact: info@vmetro.com
RSC #6401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
FPGA/Reconfigurable computing
SBS Technologies
TS-CPCI-8001 – 6U CompactPCI-based FPGA processor board
The TS-6U CPCI-8001 is an advanced, CompactPCI-based FPGA
processor solution targeted at military and commercial high-performance
computing applications.
The two large FPGAs and high bandwidth connection make it ideal for
software defined radio, radar, sonar, image, and video processing as well
as other high-performance signal processing applications.
TS-6U CPCI-8001 is available with either Altera Stratix C7 or C5 speed
grade FPGAs. The board is available in commercial grade and conduction
cooled versions.
SBS provides an exclusive development kit bundle with the Celoxica
handel-C language tools to support faster program deployment.
FEATURES:
■ High-performance, FPGA-based computing platform for demanding signal and
image processing applications
■ Ideal for software defined radio, sonar, and other high-performance signal
processing applications
■ Dual Stratix EP1S80 FPGAs onboard
■ Two PMC sites with 1 GBps high-speed data paths to each FPGA
■ 8 GBps connection between FPGAs for a common processor fabric
■ Windows XP/2000, Linux, and Integrity software support
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #6402 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
64 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
Graphics
Radstone Embedded Computing
Octegra3 Video & Graphics Processor
Octegra3 is the third generation in Radstone’s Octegra product family.
It represents a leap forward in performance, providing a technology
insertion upgrade path from previous generations.
The flexible video architecture of Octegra3 enables system designers
to deliver multiple sensor images to the user, bringing vital situational
awareness to the point of use and enabling superior decision-making
performance. Applications may select any combination of eight video
inputs simultaneously for display on both outputs independently. The
video input mezzanine philosophy allows a specific mix of input formats to be engineered to suit a specific application.
With dual channel output, based on state-of-the-art Visual Processing
Units from 3Dlabs, Octegra3 provides significant graphics generation
performance for producing overlay symbology, and the ability to drive
a wide variety of video output formats.
Additionally, Octegra3 incorporates a workstation-class computing
node to drive high-end applications, delivering a single-slot solution
comprising video, graphics, and computing power.
Octegra3 reinforces Radstone’s ongoing commitment to delivering
maximum performance and functionality in a single-slot solution, and
its architecture ensures that all components and interconnects are able
to work at maximum efficiency. Octegra3 will benefit applications with
multiple video inputs and outputs in many areas, including mission
computers, radar and sonar displays, surveillance, and UAV control.
FEATURES:
State-of-the-art graphics performance
Dual independent display capability
Workstation-class computing performance
Flexible video streaming architecture
Video extensions mezzanine capability
6U VME form factor
Available in five ruggedization levels, air-cooled to
extended temperature conduction-cooled
■ Technology insertion for Octegra and Octegra2 products
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
Like all other Radstone products, Octegra3 is backed up by Radstone’s
market-leading Whole Program Life COTS™ philosophy, which delivers an unequaled commitment to ensuring the maximum possible
productive life of all the company’s offerings.
50 Tice Boulevard
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677-7645
Tel: 800-368-2738 • Fax: 201-391-2899
www.radstone.com
For more info contact: sales@radstone.com
RSC #6501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 65
Boards
MIL-specific I/O
Alphi Technology
MIL-1553 for CompactPCI-PCI-PMC-Industry Pack-VME
Alphi Technology has been offering Mil-STD-1553 solutions for
15 years. We have the largest portfolio of board level solutions in
the industry. Alphi supports the CompactPCI bus, PCI, PMC, Industry
Pack, and VMEbus architectures. We incorporate controllers from
UTMC, such as the BCRTM and the SUMMIT, as well as DDC ACE
and mini ACE. All products support Bus Controller, Remote Terminal
and Bus Monitor modes. All 1553 products have onboard transceivers
and transformers and allow for external clocking. We support Linux,
Windows, and VxWorks source packages. If you have specific design
needs, contact our engineering department about our custom design
and integration services.
FEATURES:
■ 3U & 6U CompactPCI, one to four dual redundant channels, full BC/RT/M
support, UTMC Summit, DDC ACE
■ Single PMC module, one to two dual redundant channels, full BC/RT/M support,
UTMC Summit, DDC ACE
■ Half size and full PCI bus, one to four dual redundant channels, full BC/RT/M
support, UTMC Summit, UTMC, BCRTM, DDC ACE
■ Industry Pack module, one dual redundant channel, full BC/RT/M support, UTMC
Summit
■ 3U and 6U VMEbus, one to four dual redundant channels, full BC/RT/M support,
UTMC Summit, UTMC BCRTM, DDC ACE
■ Software support includes VxWorks, Linux, LabView, Windows, 'C' Libraries, and
source packages
Boards
MIL-specific I/O
6202 South Maple Avenue, #120
Tempe, AZ 85283
Tel: 480-838-2428 • Fax: 480-838-4477
www.alphitech.com
For more info contact: engineering@alphitech.com
RSC #6601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
SBS Technologies
1553-PMC3 – Conduction Cooled, 4-Channel MIL-STD-1553 PMC
1553-PMC3 is a flexible, conduction-cooled interface providing a single function, four channel, dual redundant MIL-STD-1553
interface to the PMC mezzanine.
This Advanced Single Function (ASF) architecture provides
independent operation as a Bus Controller (BC), Remote Terminal (RT),
or dual function Bus Monitor (BM). The ASF-PMC-4T interface equips
the PMC bus system with a complete 1553 interface. This includes
1553A/1553B selections, pointer-driven transmit and receive buffers,
and extensive programmable event interrupts and triggers.
Based on a high-speed FPGA, the 1553-PMC3 includes multiple DMAs
per message, built-in monitoring and 48-bit, 1-µsec, resolution time
stamps.
FEATURES:
■ One to four dual redundant 1553 channels featuring 100 percent independent
operation as BC, 31 RTs, or BM
■ BC features include programmable linked lists, dual conditional branching, and
full error injection/detection
■ RT features include programmable response time, linked buffers, full error
injection/detection
■ BM features include full error detection, double buffered monitoring, 1-µsec time
stamp, and multiple DMAs per message
■ Complimentary drivers for most operating systems
■ Integrated avionics library, including source code
66 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #6602 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
MIL-specific I/O
Condor Engineering
QPMC-1553 – 1, 2, or 4-Channel MIL-STD-1553 PMC Module
The QPMC-1553 provides the highest level of performance,
flexibility, and interface density for MIL-STD-1553A/B on the PCI
Mezzanine Card (PMC) bus. The QPMC-1553 is integrated with powerful software that reduces development time. All 1553 databus functionality is supported from our advanced Application Programming
Interface (API). Standard features include IRIG/GPS synchronization
capability, real-time bus playback (with ability to edit out RTs), aperiodic message insertion, error injection/detection, conditional BC
branching, 45-bit time tags, and “one-shot” BC operation. The Bus
Monitor mode provides 100 percent bus monitoring of a fully loaded
1553 bus.
Multifunction interfaces
The QPMC-1553 offers one, two, or four multifunction 1553 interfaces that can operate simultaneously as a BC, at up to 31 RTs, and
as a BM. These can completely emulate entire dual-redundant 1553
channels internally, eliminating the need for external hardware to
simulate missing nodes.
Single-function interfaces
The QPMC-1553 is available as one, two, or four single-function
interfaces with all the features and functionality of the multifunction
versions, but only one major operational mode is enabled at a time.
These interfaces function as either a bus controller or 31 remote terminals or bus monitor.
Software
Included with the QPMC-1553 is Condor’s easy-to-use, flexible, highlevel API, which supports up to 16 independent MIL-STD-1553 channels. Source code and Windows XP, 2000, Me, NT, 98, 95, Red Hat
Linux, and VxWorks support are provided. Support for Solaris and
BusTools/1553, and Condor’s GUI bus analysis and simulation solution for 1553, are optionally available. Condor’s high performance
and intuitive software solutions provide complete and simplified
access to MIL-STD-1553 functionality for development, integration,
test, embedded, and maintenance applications.
FEATURES:
■ One, two, or four dual-redundant MIL-STD-1553
A/B Notice II channels
■ Simultaneous bus controller, 31 remote terminals
and bus monitor
■ High-level API for Windows XP, 2000, Me, NT, 98, 95,
Red Hat Linux, and VxWorks included
■ Multifunction and single-function versions
■ Front panel or rear (P14) I/O available
■ Optional IRIG-B receiver/generator
■ 45-bit, microsecond time-tagging
■ Complete message programmability
■ Flexible message status/interrupt generation
■ I/O triggering and error injection/detection
■ Transition cabling to 1553 cable jacks
■ Optional extended temperature, variable voltage output,
conductive cooling, and 66 MHz PCI bus
101 West Anapamu Street
Santa Barbara, CA 93101
Tel: 805-965-8000 • Fax: 805-963-9630
www.condoreng.com
For more info contact: sales@condoreng.com
RSC #6701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 67
Boards
MIL-specific I/O
Avalon Defense Ltd.
MIL-STD-1553 Card for PC/104 (Single & Dual Channel)
The Avalon Defense Mil-Std-1553/PC/104 cards are available in singleand dual-channel versions. The Mil-Std-1553 cards are based on the
ACE and Mini-ACE-series hybrids from ILC Data Device Corporation
(DDC) and are compatible with Mil-Std-1553A, Mil-Std-1553B Notice 2,
MacAir, and 1760 specifications.
The card’s registers and RAM reside in the computer’s I/O space.
The standard, onboard 1553 hybrid(s) contain 4 K x 16 RAM for the
storage of 1553 BC, RT and monitor blocks, bus controller messages,
and control registers. Contact Avalon Defense Sales about versions of
the card with greater memory capacity. Software drivers are supplied.
Custom 1553 card designs are our specialty!
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Mil-Std-1553 A/B compatible; also meets MacAir and Mil-1760 requirements
Standard card comes with 4 K x 16 words of RAM
BC, RT, and monitor operations – software selected
Single- or two-channel cards available
Commercial and extended temperature ranges
Software drivers are supplied
Tel: 1-866-447-8643 • Fax: 1-866-447-8644
www.avalondefense.com
For more info contact: sales@avalondefense.com
RSC #6801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
PCI
Interactive Circuits and Systems Ltd.
ICS-645C Full Length PCI Analog Input Board
A development of the innovative and market-leading ICS-645 ADC
board, the ICS-645C is a differential input, high-speed, high-precision
PCI bus data acquisition card designed for high-frequency sonar applications such as mine hunting; transient applications such as weapon
and explosive testing; and for dynamic applications such as rocket and
jet engine testing, which require a large number of high bandwidth
channels.
The ICS-645C provides up to 32 channels and sample rates up to
2.5 MHz/ch. It also includes a PCI interface with DMA capability, and a
400 MBps FPDP II interface for rapid transfer of ADC data. The onboard
data storage capability includes a 2 MSample “swing buffer.”
FEATURES:
■ A fixed frequency anti-alias filter provides cut-off at 1.25 MHz, with alternate
cut-off frequencies optionally available
■ Supplied with an innovative daughter card that provides analog signal
conditioning
■ Can be configured with up to 32 output channels at sampling frequencies of
up to 2.5 MHz
■ PCI 2.1 interface supports universal 3.3 V and 5 V signaling
■ Differential inputs
■ For FPDP II receive interfaces, the ICS-645C is capable of data transfer rates of
an industry-leading 400 MBps
5430 Canotek Road
Ottawa, ON K1J 9G2
Tel: 613-749-9241 • Fax: 613-749-9461
Toll-free US only: 1-800-267-9794
www.ics-ltd.com
For more info contact: sales@ics-ltd.com
RSC #6802 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
68 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Innovative Integration
Boards
PCI
M6713
M6713 is a powerful and flexible DSP plus FPGA board of novel architecture for advanced data capture and real-time control in PCI systems.
Designed around Texas Instruments’ most powerful floating-point DSP
for high-speed, high dynamic range signal processing, and Xilinx’s latest FPGA for unlimited customization of the I/O peripherals as well as
hardware-accelerated signal processing, the M6713 adds high-speed,
low-latency I/O and deterministic control to PC systems in a COTS solution for a wide array of advanced real-time control applications.
FEATURES:
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
■
■
■
■
■
■
PCI 64-bit/66 MHz
Two Omnibus I/O module sites
Reconfigurable FPGA option up to 1.5 million gates
Supports multiple card I/O synchronization
Extensive software support in source form
Custom logic development support for FPGA
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #6901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions
Boards
PCI
Saturn 4522P/8522P PCI 2.2 Compliant Serial Controllers
The Saturn 4522P (4-port) and the 8522P (8-port) multi-port serial
controllers are universal PCI cards compatible with the PCI Local Bus
Specification Revision 2.2. The Saturn 4522P and 8522P cards operate
in either a 5.0 V or 3.3 V signaling environment. However, these cards
must be installed in PCI slots that provide 3.3 V power.
The Saturn 4522P and 8522P PCI serial communications controllers offer
data transfer rates up to 256 kbps synchronous and 230.4 kbps asynchronous, full duplex. Interface options include RS-232 and RS-422/485
with DB-25 connectors via an external breakout box.
These controllers support SPARC Solaris, Rev. 7, 8, and 9; Solaris x86,
Rev. 2.6, 7, and 8; and Linux.
FEATURES:
Four and eight ports from one PCI bus slot
PCI 2.2 compliant
Each port is assignable for synchronous or asynchronous communications
Supports SPARC® Solaris®, Rev. 7, 8, and 9; Solaris x86, Rev. 2.6, 7, and 8;
Linux
■ Compatible with Sun synchronous communications protocols
■ Optional synchronous communications protocol software for Sun Solaris include
X.25 and HDLC LAPB
■
■
■
■
10 Mupac Drive
Brockton, MA 02301
Tel: 508-588-6110 • Fax: 508-588-0498
www.gavazzi-computing.com
For more info contact: info@gavazzi-computing.com
RSC #6902 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 69
Boards
CompactPCI
Inova Computers Inc
ICP-CM / ICP-PM (Celeron M/Pentium M 3 U Compact PCI CPUs)
Purposefully designed for rugged applications, the Inova Celeron M and
Pentium M CPUs are free of rotating parts, wire interconnects, and cable
looms that are typically responsible for failure on similar platforms.
Sitting in a class of its own, unique within the embedded computing
world, is the CPU’s performance scalability boasting a 533 MHz FSB
and enormous 1.5 GB memory addressing potential. The latest Intel
0.09 µm (Dothan) processors can be BIOS clocked from 600 MHz to
2.0 GHz – on one single CPU platform! For true power critical or
economically embedded applications, the ULV Celeron M processors, consuming just 5 W, prove their mettle by supporting either the
600 MHz or 1.0 GHz variants.
Both a single-slot, 4 HP, and an 8 HP version with integrated slim-line
hard-disk interface are available as standard, with a screened version
for higher operational temperatures (-40 °C to +85 °C) as an option.
Thanks to SpeedStep technology, these CPUs are perfectly suited to passive cooling in embedded systems.
FEATURES:
■ Support from the 600 MHz ULV Celeron M to the 2.0 GHz
Pentium M; processor clocking is performed in BIOS on the
Pentium M CPU
■ Up to 1.5 GB DDR 333 memory; Pentium M boards are
shipped with 512 MB onboard; Celeron M CPUs have
256 MB DDR 266
■ Integrated CompactFlash socket for the latest 4 GB
MicroDrive units or industrial-grade, solid-state mass
storage media
■ Automatic rear I/O module recognition; all I/O signals are
routed automatically to reflect the nature of the installed
module
■ AGP 4x socket for a range of dedicated video controller
modules that enhance the built-in chipset graphics and
offload the CPU
■ Extended temperature option from –40 °C to +85 °C to
enable operation in harsh environments
■ Less than 10 W power consumption at full CPU loading on
the Celeron M platform; the Pentium M CPU tops at 28 W
■ Extensive OS support from Embedded Linux to Windows
XP Embedded; board support packages for real-time OS
are also available
■ Very low emission and high immunity (essential for mobile
applications), thanks to an innovative central blocking
design
■ Stable, vibration resistant mechanical construction that is
an inherent design feature of 3 U CompactPCI
■ Very high MTBF that is in excess of 200,000 hours and
complements corporate-level, five-year product availability
■ Successfully field tested to 55 g stressing – essential for
robust and demanding military applications
A bootable CompactFlash socket is integrated in the standard CPU
design as are a number of PC interfaces including Gigabit and Fast
Ethernet, 3x USB 2.0, ATA 133, and VGA. These interfaces are accessible either directly on the front panel or through a diverse range of
rear I/O modules that enhance the I/O capability. Complementing the
CPU family, Inova has developed these rear I/O modules with automatic
identification for seamless CPU integration.
Built in to the SiS chipset is an analog VGA interface that is more
than adequate for the majority of embedded applications. However,
for graphic intensive multimedia-type projects, the integrated AGP
4x interface plays host to a variety of plug-in video accelerators with
dual-head support for VGA, DVI-D, and TTL signaling for TFT flat-panel
connection.
Polishing off the well thought out CPU design is an equally rounded
service package for improved system integration that covers a broad
spectrum from board support packages (BSPs) for VxWorks to Windows
XP Embedded images.
18275 North 59th Avenue, Suite 152
Glendale, AZ 85308
Tel: 602-863-0726 • Fax: 602-863-0796
www.inova-computers.de/icpcm.php
For more info contact: sales@inova-computers.com
RSC #7001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
70 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Innovative Integration
Boards
CompactPCI
Quixote
Quixote is a 64-bit CompactPCI 6U board for advanced signal capture, generation, and coprocessing. It combines one C6416 DSP with a
two- or six-million-gate Virtex-II FPGA. Utilizing the best of both worlds
in signal processing technology, Quixote delivers extreme processing
flexibility, efficiency, and unmatched performance. Dual 105 MHz analog
I/O integrates signal capture and waveform generation right on the FPGA
external interface. One PMC site facilitates integration of off-the-shelf or
custom PMC mezzanine boards. A PCI-to-StarFabric bridge offers two
2.5 Gbps ports to the new PICMG 2.17 switched interconnect backplane, for up to 625 MBps board-to-board communication.
FEATURES:
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
■
■
■
■
■
■
1 GHz TMS320C6416 DSP
2-6 MGATE Virtex-II FPGA
32 MB SDRAM, 8 MB ZBT SBSRAM
AD6645 and AD9764 converters
64/32-bit CompactPCI, 66 MHz, 5 V/3.3 V
Complex trigger modes with HW event logging
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #7101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Voiceboard Corporation
Boards
CompactPCI
BridgeWay
BridgeWay, “Radio Interoperability Simplified,” 12-channel audio and
radio I/F combines combines switched radio, intercom, T1/E1, VoIP, conferencing, and POTS interfaces. Operator controls include PTT or VOX keyed
microphone and radio transmit controls. Each audio channel may
be recorded and played back with compression and time stamping.
Onboard VoIP capabilities integrate BridgeWay supported analog audio
devices with packet networks via dual 100Base-T ports. Operator efficiency increases through BridgeWay’s distinctive left-right channel headset audio separation, foreground/background mixing of all I/O channels,
individual gain control on each channel, and simultaneous monitoring of
multiple channels.
FEATURES:
473 Post Street
Camarillo, CA 93010
Tel: 805-389-3100 • Fax: 805-389-1611
www.Voiceboard.com
For more info contact: Marketing@Voiceboard.com
■ Radio interoperability seemlessly operates with radios of all types, military or
commercial
■ VoIP, RoIP, conferencing, intercom, PTT/VOX onboard capabilities; BridgeWay is
infinitely scalable
■ Optional POTS T1/E1, and H.323/SIP for broader application requirements
■ Does not require chassis host CPU; host CPU can reside anywhere within the
LAN/WAN network environment
■ Dual redundant 100Base-T Ethernet for high reliability in military, homeland
security, and emergency services applications
■ A call control S/W application option eliminates months of OEM development
effort getting your product to market faster
RSC #7102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 71
Boards
CompactPCI
SBS Technologies
CK5 - Rugged 6U CompactPCI PPC Single Board Computer
CK5 is a rugged 6U CompactPCI single board computer with a highperformance processor, system bus, and memory bus speeds and system
memory capacities.
The CK5 hosts the PPC G4 MPC7447A processor with core processor
speeds up to 1 GHz and 512 KB of onboard L2 cache. The MPC7447A
processor is supported with a 167 MHz MPX system bus.
The CK5 includes a high-speed DDR SDRAM controller with 167 MHz
interface, multiple 10/100Base-Tx Ethernet MACs, and two 64-bit PCI
bus interfaces. It also includes two MPSC ports. The CK5 offers DDR
SDRAM of 256 MB, 512 MB, and 1 GB.
Each of eight programmable GPIO ports with independent interrupts
can be programmed for direction, polarity, and masking.
FEATURES:
■ MPC7447A G4 host processor with 512 KB on-chip L2 cache
■ MV64460 PowerPC system controller (Discovery III) bridge chip
■ 10/100Base-T Ethernet port to backplane (convection and conduction-cooled
versions)
■ The CK5 hosts two IEEE1386.1 PMC sites for expanding I/O capability with WAN
or LAN I/O
■ Offered as a ruggedized conduction-cooled processor card and also in a
convection-cooled configuration
■ Two RS-232, four RS-422, and 2 USB 2.0 ports
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #7201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
CompactPCI
SBS Technologies
CR9 - High Performance 6U CompactPCI Intel® Pentium®M SBC
The CR9 is a 6U CompactPCI all-in-one CPU board with an integrated
Intel® Pentium® M processor and dual Gigabit Ethernet PICMG 2.16
channels.
The CR9 is designed to meet the harsh environmental requirements of
markets such as military and aerospace, heavy industry, simulation/training, and test and measurement.
The CR9 platform supports processor speeds from 600 MHz up to 1.6
GHz. It offers low power consumption and eliminates the need for
onboard ventilation.
FEATURES:
The CR9 provides a unique feature set, including up to 2 GB of DDR
SDRAM (200) with ECC, three independent onboard PCI buses, support
for the CompactPCI backplane, two PMC interfaces (64-bit/66 MHz and
32-bit/33 MHz).
■ Intel® Pentium® M processor, 600 MHz to 1.6 GHz
■ Ruggedized against heat, cold, shock, and vibration for applications in harsh
environments
■ Hot-swap (full) PICMG 2.1 compliant, C-I-R-style
■ Compliant to VITA 30.1-2002 and ANSI/VITA 20-2001
■ Versions with front-panel I/O are available in various configurations with one or
two PMC interfaces
■ Supported operating systems are Windows® 2000, Windows® XP, QNX,
VxWorks®, LynxOS®, Linux®, and others
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #7202 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
72 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
CompactPCI
DSS Networks, Inc.
Metro-Switch Model 8261
DSS Networks’ Metro-Switch Model 8261 is an advanced high-performance, full-featured multilayer 6U Gigabit Ethernet switch fabric
board. It features 12 ports of 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet
over copper with two 1000Base-SX/LX fiber uplinks. Model 8261 is
PICMG 2.16 fabric card compliant and compatible with both standard
CompactPCI and PICMG 2.16 backplanes. All 12 ports may be routed
to slots on the CompactPCI backplane or externally via RTM. A system management interface is also supported via the PICMG 2.9 IPMI
interface. It also supports two 1000Base-SX/LX gigabit fiber ports with
850 nm, 1310 nm, or WDM fiber connector options via front panel
I/O. The Model 8261 has an onboard RISC/DSP processor for local
management and can be operated as a standalone or fully managed
switch. LEDS are provided for each port showing link status, transmit and receive, and link quality. All LEDS are multifunction and can
be used for additional functions including cable testing and energy
detection. Metro-Switch Model 8261 is also PICMG 2.1 R2.0 hot-swap
compliant, providing support for the hardware connection layer.
Model 8261 uses the latest advanced high-performance, full-featured
and highly integrated 12-port Broadcom BCM5690/5695 multilayer
switch, with BCM5464SR quad-port transceivers, and is fully 802.3
compliant. It provides a fully non-blocking 24 Gb/32 million frames per
second aggregate switching fabric. The switching function supports
an extended list of features including Layer 3 switching, trunking, link
aggregation, protected ports, port mirroring, advanced filtering, 802.1Q
VLANs, 802.1D spanning tree, and priority-based 802.1D/802.1p
CoS/traffic class expediting and dynamic multicast filtering.
The model 8261 12-port switch fabric is targeted for OEMs and
systems integrators for use in telecom, military, data center server
products including switches, multiplexers, edge routers, media
gateways, and video broadcasting equipment.
This switch is available with an OEM developer’s kit containing
onboard firmware, device drivers, library functions, loopback tests,
and many more features.
FEATURES:
■ 12-port PIGMG 2.16/VITA 31.1 6U gigabit switch fabric
card; unmanaged, lightly managed, or fully managed
modes
■ Onboard management firmware kernel with CLI – enables
advanced multilayer switch features for specialized
applications
■ Switches all ports to backplane or rear I/O (available with
12-port RJ-45 RTM)
■ Rugged versions available with extended temperature and
conformal coating features for harsh environments
■ 850 nm multimode, 1310 nm single mode, and WDM fiber
connector options
■ Simultaneous, fully independent operation on all ports
– 32 Mpps-24 Gbps
■ Fourth generation BCM5690/5695 switch fabric and
BCM5464SRKB quad port transceivers from Broadcom
■ High-performance wire speed on all ports – 24 Gb
aggregate total; 1 MB of onboard memory for packet
buffering
■ Fully compliant to IEEE 802.3 specifications including auto
negotiation
■ Rules-based Layer 2-7 packet classification and filtering;
four multi-function LEDs per port
■ 802.1Q VLANs, 802.1D spanning tree, and priority-based
802.1D/802.1p CoS
■ Available with OEM developer kit; VxWorks and Linux
driver support
23 Spectrum Pointe Drive, Suite 202
Lake Forest, CA 92630
Tel: 949-716-9051 • Fax: 949-716-9052
www.dssnetworks.com
For more info contact: info@dssnetworks.com
RSC #7301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 73
Boards
CompactPCI
Radstone Embedded Computing
PowerPact3 IMP2A – 3U CompactPCI Processor
Designed for demanding applications with restrictive dimensional
requirements, Radstone’s PowerPact3 IMP2A rugged CompactPCI
single board computer packs a powerful SBC into an extremely
space-efficient 3U form factor. The IMP2A offers a seamless technology insertion opportunity for existing IMP1A users and an ultra-high
performance entry point for new users.
The IMP2A’s processing core is based around a Freescale 7448 PowerPC
processor operating at 1.4 GHz and a Marvell Discovery 3 Integrated
System Controller, which combines high-bandwidth memory control
and PCI bridging with an array of communication peripherals, including high-speed serial and Ethernet ports, all on a single chip.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
High-performance 3U CompactPCI processor
CompactPCI system slot or peripheral slot
PowerPC 7448 to 1.4 GHz
Onboard PCI-X capable PMC site
1 MB on-chip L2 cache
Up to 512 MB DDR SDRAM
128 MB Flash
Two fast sync/async serial ports
Two 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet ports
Up to 12 bits GPIO
The IMP2A features a PCI-X capable PMC site. I/O options include
up to two Gigabit Ethernet channels, up to 12 bits of discrete digital
I/O, and up to two serial channels capable of high-speed operation in
either asynchronous or synchronous mode and are software programmable as RS-232/422 or 485.
The IMP2A is also fully supported at the chassis level by either the
RDS evaluation/development chassis or the RT4 deployment chassis,
Radstone’s application-ready CompactPCI platform, which comprises
four conduction-cooled 3U slots. The system slot is pre-loaded with a
single board computer, leaving three slots for I/O and peripherals.
The IMP2A is fully supported by Radstone’s Deployed Test software
and a range of BSP features for standard COTS operating systems.
Available in five air/conduction-cooled ruggedization levels, the
IMP2A is backed up by Radstone’s market-leading Whole Program Life
COTS™ philosophy, delivering an unequaled commitment to ensuring
the maximum possible productive life of all the company’s offerings.
50 Tice Boulevard
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677-7645
Tel: 800-368-2738 • Fax: 201-391-2899
www.radstone.com
For more info contact: sales@radstone.com
RSC #7401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
74 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Technobox, Inc.
Boards
PrPMC
3923 FlexTX Processor PMC (PrPMC)
The 3923 is a FlexATX Processor PMC (PrPMC) carrier and development
platform. This carrier board provides two PMC sites plus three PCI card
slots (two 64-bit and one 32-bit). Using the 3923, a designer can work
with a single PrPMC, dual PrPMCs, or a PrPMC and PMC for hardware
and/or software development. All PCI slots are keyed for 3.3 V signaling.
The PCI bus will run at 66 MHz, if all PCI cards assert 66 MHz enabled.
At least one PMC site must be populated with a PrPMC running in
Monarch mode. Site A’s rear I/O is directed to connectors for a floppy
disk and/or external IDE device. Each site has a fan to cool the mounted
PrPMC or PMC.
FEATURES:
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
www.technobox.com
■ FlexATX platform for PrPMC development and/or delivery
■ Dual PMC sites enable various configurations with PrPMCs and PMCs
■ Slots for three PCI cards (two 64-bit, one 32-bit), rear I/O access for external
IDE or floppy drive
■ Auxiliary cooling for PMC sites
■ LED status for memory, configuration, I/O access, power, PCI interrupt, and bus
mastering activity
■ Site B rear I/O is directed to a DIN connector that emulates P2 of a VMEbus
board
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #7501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
KineticSystems Company, LLC
Boards
PXI
CompactPCI/PXI family of Test & Measurement modules
Known for their expertise in VXI and CAMAC data acquisition and
control solutions, KineticSystems now offers a complimentary line of
CompactPCI/PXI products.
KineticSystems’ growing line of PXI products includes a relay multiplexer, a
frequency counter, and a 14-slot PXI chassis. Additionally, KineticSystems
offers CompactPCI products such as a digital I/O card, an analog output
card, or high-speed digitizers.
KineticSystems’ CompactPCI/PXI products are used in the aerospace,
automotive, defense, and research industries worldwide for applications
such as data acquisition systems, laboratory automation, jet engine/rocket
testing, industrial process control, wind tunnels, and ATE systems.
FEATURES:
900 North State Street
Lockport, IL 60441
Tel: 815-838-0005 • Fax: 815-838-4424
www.kscorp.com
For more info contact: mkt-info@kscorp.com
RSC #7502 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
■ P635: 3U, 8-channel, 100 kHz Frequency Counter ideal for measuring automotive
and aircraft engine RPM and monitoring flow meters
■ P580: 3U, 34-channel Relay Multiplexer with 4 front-panel LEMO connectors for
connecting up to 4 external instruments
■ C387: 6U, 256-channel Digital I/O supporting TTL, isolated input or output, relay
output, AC switch output, and differential I/O
■ C266: 6U, 32- or 64-channel, 16-bit D/A Converter ideal for automotive test cells,
industrial control, and ATE
■ 6U, High-speed Digitizers with up to 2 GS/s sampling, up to 16-bit resolution,
and up to 2 GB on-board acquisition memory
■ CP199: Rugged 14-slot, 3U/6U dual stack 800 Watt PXI system with highpressure 220 CFM cooling
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 75
Boards
PC/104
BMC Communications Corp.
PC104 – UADI – 1553 – ARINC 429 – RS-232
PC104 Universal Avionics Digital Interface (UADI) is a plug-and-run
device. The device uses a powerful 16-bit Flash RISC, low-power
microcontroller. It supports a wide variety of communication protocols: MIL-STD-1553 dual redundant interface, ARINC 708/453, two
transmit/receive ARINC channel protocols, such as 429/575/571/572/
581/582/615, and more, and two transmit/receive RS-232. It includes
extensive C libraries, DLLs, Windows, and Linux drivers. A variety of software
programmable features include error injection-detection, sub-address
selection, major/minor cycle frame, long loop test, class A/B, and
so forth. The unit is available in commercial or industrial grade, MIL-STD810E and EMI MIL-STD-416.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
1553 modes: BC, RT, BM, BC-RT, RT-BM, and BC-BM
1553 multiple store buffers with 32-bit time-tag
Two independent ARINC receive transmit channels
Two independent RS-232 receive and transmit channels
ARINC RS-232, baud rate 100 Hz to 1 MHz
Eight I/O and analog inputs with 12-bit resolution
67 Bond Street
Westbury, NY 11590
Tel: 516-997-2100 x30 • Fax: 516-997-2129
www.bmccorp.com
For more info contact: pc104uadi@bmccorp.com
RSC #7601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
RSC #7602 @ www.mil-embedded.com/rsc
76 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
PC/104
Arcom
VIPER – PC/104 PXA255 XScale Single Board Computer
The VIPER is an ultra low power, PC/104 compatible, single board
computer based on the Intel® 400MHz PXA255 XScale® RISC
processor. The PXA255 is an implementation of the ARM-compliant,
Intel XScale microarchitecture combined with a comprehensive set
of integrated peripherals, including a flat-panel graphics controller,
DMA controller, interrupt controller, real-time clock, and multiple
serial ports.
The VIPER board offers a long list of features making it ideal for power
sensitive embedded communications and multimedia applications.
The board has been designed to take advantage of the power saving
modes of the PXA255 processor and other onboard peripherals to
achieve an incredible 1.9 W typical power consumption. The VIPER
also supports a very low power standby mode.
The VIPER board includes a TFT/STN flat-panel graphics controller, onboard soldered SDRAM and resident Flash, 10/100Base-Tx
Ethernet, five serial ports, dual USB host controller, USB client, AC97
audio/codec, CompactFlash interface (CF+), and a standard PC104
bus expansion connector. The PC/104 format is an industrial form factor measuring 3.8" x 3.6" (96 mm x 91 mm).
The VIPER is supported with development kits for the leading embedded operating systems including Windows CE .NET, embedded Linux
(and RT-Linux Pro from FSM Labs), and VxWorks 5.5. Arcom also provides support for RedBoot™, a utility based on the eCos RTOS, which
serves as a simple boot manager and download tool for embedded
Linux applications.
To speed up the process of system integration, you can purchase the
VIPER ICE industrial compact enclosure (fitted with a 320 x 240 wide
temperature TFT/touchscreen display) or the rugged CYCLOPS display terminal (fitted with a high brightness 640 x 480 TFT/touchscreen
display).
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
400 MHz Intel PXA255 XScale processor
64 MB DRAM
32 MB Intel StrataFlash
256 KB battery backed SRAM
Direct TFT/STN display support with onboard bias supply
10/100Base-Tx Ethernet controller
Five high-speed serial ports (4x) RS-232, (1x)
RS-232/422/485
Dual USB v1.1 host controller and/or USB device
Industry standard PC/104 form factor
Very low power operation – typically 1.9 W with sleep
modes down to 200 mW
Hot-swap CompactFlash (CF+) expansion port
Support for Trusted Computing with ATMEL TPM module
7500 West 161st Street
Overland Park, KS 66085
Tel: 913-549-1000 • Fax: 913-549-1002
www.arcom.com
For more info contact: us-sales@arcom.com
RSC #7701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 77
Boards
PC/104
DIGITAL-LOGIC AG
PC/104 Board with Serial ATA, MSM915
With the PC/104-Plus board MICROSPACE® MSM915, DIGITAL-LOGIC
offers the new MSM915 PC module with increased CPU speed and
more graphic performance. It was enhanced with serial ATA so two
S-ATA150 drives and one P-ATA drive can be connected. Equipped
with the scalable smartModule915 with a i915GM chipset, the customer can determine the performance and choose Intel® processors
– from Celeron® M 600 MHz up to 2.2 GHz Pentium® M765 with
2048 K L2 Cache and equivalent Pentium® 4 performance from 600
MHz up to 4.4 GHz. The new PC/104-Plus computer provides all standard PC interfaces such as VGA, LCD, COM1/2, LPT1, FDD, IrDA, and
PS/2 ports for mouse and keyboard. Up to 1024 MB of DDR RAM are
available on the module. CPU and RAM are mechanically protected
against vibrations and shocks. The MSM915 module only consumes
between 10 W and 30 W.
FEATURES:
■ Intel® Processor Celeron® M 600 MHz up to Pentium® M
with 2.2 GHz
■ Intel® 915 GM with 533 MHz front-side bus, ICH4, 5121024 MB DDR-RAM SODIMM
■ Extreme graphics, 224 MB (UMA), DirectX 9 compatible,
1 x VGA-CRT, 1 x DVI-D/LVDS or video-out (S-Video)
■ MS/KB, FD, 1 x P-ATA, 2 x S-ATA, LPT1, 6 x USB V2.0,
LAN, AC97-HDA, 7.1 DTS sound stereo with six-channel
out, two-channel in
■ SM855/915 Bus including PCI and LPC
■ Onboard CompactFlash (option)
■ PC/104-Plus expansion (option)
■ MSM855-DVICON as adapter, offers the MSM915 to be
linked to a DVI or LVDS display
■ RTC-battery up to 10 years lifetime, Core BIOS Flash,
EEPROM setup support, watchdog
■ Optimized heat spreader and cooling feature for operating
temperature of –20 °C to +60 °C (optional –40 °C to
+70 °C)
Integrated in the Intel® 915GM, the powerful graphic “card” has up
to 224 MB of video memory and is DirectX 9 compatible. It achieves
resolutions up to 2048 x 1536 pixels with up to 256-bit color. The
standard version further includes a TV output for HDTV, NTS, and
PAL signals, six USB-V2.0 ports, an AC97/HDA compatible sound
interface, a watchdog, an RTC battery, EEPROM support, and an
optional CompactFlash card. The PC/104-Plus board is equipped
with 10/100Base-T Ethernet. Booting from LAN is carried out via the
Intel® boot agent. For multimedia applications, the PC/104-Plus board
provides a 7.1 DTS sound system. The board may be expanded by the
PC/104 ISA, PC/104-Plus.
The MSM915 is supplied by 5 V and runs under Windows® XP, Linux,
and more. The module operates at a standard temperature range
of 0 °C to +50 °C. On request, an extended temperature range of
–40 °C to +50 °C is available. Designed for low power consumption,
the MSM915 module is ideal for embedded solutions. The PC module
is tested for shock and vibration and is perfectly suited for applications
in the areas of navigation, telecommunications, computer peripherals,
medical, measurement technologies, the aerospace industry, automotive electronics, and in Internet terminals.
Nordstrasse 11/F
CH-4542 Luterbach/Switzerland
Tel: +41-32-681-58-00 • Fax: +41-32-681-58 01
www.digitallogic.com
For more info contact: sales@digitallogic.com
RSC #7801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
78 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
PC/104
Enseo, Inc.
PC/104-Plus Motherboard I/O Module and MPEG Decoder Set
Enseo specializes in the design of high-performance industrial servers
as well as multichannel MPEG decoder products. Proprietary audio
and video technology combined with high-speed CPUs, a Gigabit
Ethernet interface, as well as highly defined media I/O such as IEEE
1394B, RS-232, and IEEE 802.11G, can be rapidly adapted to create
high-performance, efficient, rugged, and low-maintenance solutions
that fit unique customer specifications and provide a powerful competitive advantage for our clients.
This flexible platform offers an incredible variety of I/O through the
various add-in slots with an ETX slot for CPU module, CompactPCI for
wireless or other device, USB 2.0, PCI, and two separate PC/104-Plus
stacks for various industrial add-in modules, including the Alchemy
PC/104+ MPEG decoder.
Alchemy PC/104+ is a two-channel MPEG decoder, capable of MPEG
1, 2, and 4 decode, and a 256-color on-screen display. Alchemy
PC104+ is also available with PA override to feed, bypass, or integrate
with an existing PA system on any airplane or shipboard system.
This motherboard, CPU, and decoder can be purchased individually
or as a board set.
This is a perfect platform for a military kiosk, video server, or generalpurpose, high-quality PC subsystem.
A video server product has optional application software in Linux or
Windows platforms.
The PCI slot in this platform also supports Enseo’s Alchemy products
with Genlock, analog pass-through, video in a window, and 32-bit
graphics overlay products as well as a full line of high-definition MPEG
decoders.
Customizations are available.
Enseo is a certified woman-minority-owned business.
FEATURES:
■ Motherboard with ETX slot for CPU
■ Two separate PC/104-Plus slots for MPEG decoder or
other PC/104 or PC/104-Plus peripheral
■ One Mini PCI slot, 32-bit/33 MHz (perfect for 802.11g
wireless solutions)
■ Two Ultra DMA IDE disk interfaces for up to four devices,
inluding: CD Rom drive, DVD drive, and hard drive(s)
■ ATX standard power supply connector
■ One parallel port, two Serial RS-232 ports, and one IR port
■ Network includes 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit
Ethernet port
■ Alchemy decoder cards support up to 10 Mbps SD decode
of system, program, or transport streams; synchronized
play, video wall
■ Alchemy outputs include differential video (S-video,
composite, RGB, or YUV) and differential stereo or
digital audio
■ Linux, Windows 2000, 2003, or XP operating sytems
support
■ Non-operating temperature -45 °C to +85 °C ambient;
operating temperature 0 °C to +50 °C ambient; optional
chassis available
■ Fanless design as a four-channel video server using the
Alchemy PC/104+ MPEG decoder boards
401 International Parkway, Suite 100
Richardson, TX 75081
Tel: 972-234-2513 • Fax: 214-570-3090
www.enseo.com
For more info contact: sales@ensco.com
RSC #7901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 79
Boards
PC/104
Robotrol Corporation
RPC628 Analog I/O
Analog inputs: Inputs have 12-bit resolution and can operate as
16 single-ended or 8 differential inputs, each protected to ±32 V.
Full-scale voltages from 25 mV to 10 V can be used. 4-20 mA current
loops are an option.
Analog outputs: Eight outputs with 12-bit resolution can be set to one
of seven ranges. 4-20 mA current loops are an option.
Digital I/O: 16 I/O can be individually programmed as inputs or outputs.
Programmable features: Data transfer width, interrupt enable, auto
increment enable, continuous conversion, max channel, conversion
interval, two’s comp or binary data, and software reset.
FEATURES:
Other products: Other PC/104, STD32, and ISA products are available
with 32 analog inputs and 16 analog outputs.
■ 16 SE or 8 DI inputs (Ranges: 25 mV to 10 V (unipolar or bipolar), 250 kHz
throughput, inputs protected to ±32 V
■ Eight analog outputs (Ranges: 2.5 V, 5 V, 10 V, ±5 V, ±10 V, -5 V to 0 V, -10 V to 0 V)
■ 16 digital I/O, bit-by-bit programmable as inputs or outputs
■ Options: 4 mA to 20 mA current loops for both inputs and outputs, auto scan
mode (scan all inputs with one command)
■ Auto increment and continuous conversion modes, programmable conversion
intervals from 4 µs to 64 ms
■ Programmable features: Data transfer width, interrupt, auto increment,
continuous conversion, conversion interval, software reset
Boards
PMC
www.robotrolcorp.com
panderson@robotrolcorp.com
Tel: 801-491-8877 • Fax: 801-489-9499
www.robotrolcorp.com
For more info contact: panderson@robotrolcorp.com
RSC #8001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Interactive Circuits and Systems Ltd.
ICS-572
Providing both receive and transmit capability for demanding radar
and communications applications, the ICS-572 PMC module combines
industry-leading ADC and DAC technologies with a high-density, highspeed FPGA to offer an efficient combination of cost, size, and performance in a single PMC site.
The ICS-572 PMC includes two 14-bit, 105 MHz ADCs, two 14-bit, 200
MHz DACs, a 4, 6, or 8 million gate Xilinx FPGA, 64 MB SDRAM, 8 MB
QDR-II SRAM, 64 user programmable I/O via Pn4, and a 64-bit, 66 MHz
PCI DMA interface.
FEATURES:
ICS-572 is ideally suited for multi-mission applications that include
radar, communications, EW, test and measurement, public safety, and
so forth.
■ Receive and transmit functions in one single width PMC module
■ Ideally suited in high-bandwidth communications applications that require both
receive and transmit functions
■ Two 14-bit, 105 MHz ADCs, and two 14-bit, 200 MHz DACs
■ The board includes a 4, 6, or 8 million gate Xilinx Virtex II user programmable
FPGA for baseband processing
■ Onboard data storage with 64 MB of SDRAM and 16 MB of QDR-II SRAM, and a
fast PCI 2.2 64-bit, 66 MHz DMA interface
■ Comprehensive software device drivers support the ICS-572 board for the
Windows, Linux, and VxWorks operating systems
5430 Canotek Road
Ottawa, ON K1J 9G2
Tel: 613-749-9241 • Fax: 613-749-9461
Toll-free US only: 1-800-267-9794
www.ics-ltd.com
For more info contact: sales@ics-ltd.com
RSC #8002 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
80 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Interactive Circuits and Systems Ltd.
Boards
PMC
PMC571
The PMC571 is the world’s first rugged PMC to offer wide
bandwidth analog-to-digital and digital-to-analog conversion
capabilities at software radio frequencies. Combining it with Radstone’s
market-leading PowerPC and DSP capabilities will enable customers to
create multi-function blade products offering analog-to-digital and
digital-to-analog conversion, FPGA, DSP, and processing in a single-slot
configuration.
A powerful 4 million gate FPGA provides the platform for applicationspecific software development within a Xilinx Virtex II environment.
The 64-bit, 66 MHz PCI interface ensures compatibility with the
latest generation Radstone Quad PowerPC, VMEbus, and CompactPCI
boards.
FEATURES:
5430 Canotek Road
Ottawa, ON K1J 9G2
Tel: 613-749-9241 • Fax: 613-749-9461
Toll-free US only: 1-800-267-9794
www.ics-ltd.com
For more info contact: sales@ics-ltd.com
■ Rugged software defined radio transceiver module
■ 4 million gate FPGA, providing the platform for application-specific software
development within a Xilinx Virtex II environment
■ Sample rates up to 80 MHz and processing bandwidth of 40 MHz
■ Full 64-bit, 66 MHz PCI interface and a 64-bit general-purpose I/O with 14-bit
data conversion on ADC and DAC functions
■ Air- and conduction-cooled ruggedization levels and extensive application and
technical support data available
■ Full source-code device drivers available for VxWorks and Linux real-time
operating systems
RSC #8101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Innovative Integration
Boards
PMC
VelociaPMC
The VelociaPMC family integrates ultra-fast signal capture, generation,
and coprocessing on an advanced PMC architecture. Each card combines new generation analog devices with a large user-reconfigurable
Virtex-II Pro FPGA, ample DDR memory, and low jitter clocks/triggers
on a 64/66 PCI with a private JN4 64-bit user I/O port and an XMC
four-lane Rocket I/O (per VITA 42) that connects straight to the FPGA of
our Velocia CompactPCI boards or other carriers.
This ultimate connectivity allows for rapid deployment of the most
advanced systems in Software Defined Radio (SDR), signal intelligence,
radar, and radio test equipment.
FEATURES:
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
■
■
■
■
■
■
High-end A/D and D/A
4 M or 5 M GATE Virtex-II Pro
64-bit Jn4 to host, 64-pin, 800 MBps
XMC serial, 10 Gbps, J5 connector
Optional C6416 DSP
Large DDR RAM
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #8102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 81
Boards
PMC
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions
PMC-SB StarFabric PCI Mezzanine Card
The PMC-SB is PICMG 2.17 compliant and mounts on a CompactPCI or
VME64 carrier to provide a StarFabric interface. The PMC-SB converts a
conventional parallel 32- or 64-bit PCI bus operating at up to 66 MHz to
dual high-speed serial links compliant with the StarFabric protocol. The
two links may be used separately for redundant fabric applications or
may be aggregated for higher speed operation.
The PMC-SB offers a flexible SwitchFabric interface to real-time networks that scales from a few to hundreds of nodes. The flexibility and
scalability of the PMC-SB are ideal for many signal-processing applications that require multiple processors to achieve real-time response and
throughput.
FEATURES:
■ 32-bit/33 MHz, 64-bit/66 MHz PCI interface
■ Dual StarFabric links
■ External RJ-45 connections (shielded CAT5 cabling for up to 10 meters) or PICMG
2.17-compatible Pn4 interconnect
■ 400 MBps sustained throughput
■ Transparent protocol allows PCI-based OS and application software to run
without modification
■ Linux, Microsoft Windows, Solaris (SPARC and x86), and VxWorks operating
system support
10 Mupac Drive
Brockton, MA 02301
Tel: 508-588-6110 • Fax: 508-588-0498
www.gavazzi-computing.com
For more info contact: info@gavazzi-computing.com
RSC #8201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
PMC
Technobox, Inc.
4044
The 4044 passive adapter permits standard 32- or 64-bit PCI-X card
operation in a PMC-X slot. One PCI-X edge finger connector supports
keying for 32-bit, 5 V signaling PCI cards. A second supports 32-bit or
64-bit, 3.3 V signaling PCI-X cards. A universal PCI-X card can be used
in either position. Six 20-pin connectors (HP 01650-63203 termination)
provide an interface for a logic analyzer. Onboard logic decodes PCI-X
bus cycles, with associated LEDs indicating status. Additional LEDs monitor power supplies and key signals. Test points enable supply voltage
measuring. Pulse stretchers enable visible detection of short-lived events.
An optional PLL clock buffer is available.
FEATURES:
Adapts 32- or 64-bit PCI cards to a PMC site
Supports 33/66 PCI-X clock frequencies
Logic analyzer headers (compatible with HP 1650-63203 termination adapters)
LEDs convey PCI bus operation (PCI bus command code decoded for
individual LEDs)
■ Supports bandwidth measurement; LEDs display power, bus signals, and
bus cycles
■
■
■
■
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
www.technobox.com
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #8202 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
82 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Technobox, Inc.
Boards
PMC
4170
This PMC board, which is built around the Silicon Image 680, is designed
to accept 2.5" ATA/IDE mass storage media, as either a rotating hard
disk drive or a solid state Flash disk, using industry standard mounting.
Media is normally installed by the end user.
FEATURES:
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
■
■
■
■
■
Silicon image 680 controller
Accepts 2.5" ATA/IDE HD or solid-state disk
Standard mounting
Link activity LED
Media optional
www.technobox.com
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #8301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Technobox, Inc.
Boards
PMC
4289
The enhanced 32-channel, reconfigurable RS-422/485 digital I/O PMC
provides a vehicle for implementing complex digital designs requiring
a differential interface. A second-generation, FPGA-based design, the
4289 includes 64-bit/66 MHz PCI bus support, up to 66 MHz local bus
clock, 256 K x 32 b SRAM, and up to 20 K logic elements. Standard configuration is 12 K LEs. Other sizes are build options. All 32 general-purpose RS-422/485 digital I/Os are wired to both front panel and rear connectors. FPGA configuration cells are automatically loaded from a serial
EPROM during power up. Dynamic reprogramming of the FPGA can be
performed by the host or by in-circuit burning of the Flash device.
FEATURES:
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
■
■
■
■
■
■
Provides 32 channels of general-purpose RS-232/422 digital I/O
12 K LEs (standard configuration)
Reprogrammable by host or onboard Flash (EP1CS4)
Variable SRAM architectures allowed
Headers for JTAG connection and Flash programming
Sample FPGA implementation and host “C” code
www.technobox.com
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #8302 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 83
Boards
PMC
Technobox, Inc.
4320
The 4320 is a Common Mezzanine Card (CMC) extender that provides
a means to extend mezzanine boards for signal accessibility, including PrPMC (VITA 32), PMC (IEEE 1386.1), PMC-X (VITA 39), and any
other CMC-derived board. The extender supports 3.3 V and 5 V PCI-bus
signaling, 33 MHz and 66 MHz clock speeds, and either 32-bit or 64-bit
bus widths. A 10-layer design assures optimum performance and signal
quality. Four headers on the extender provide access to bus and rear I/O
signals. A row of turret test points is also provided.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
Extends PMC, PrPMC, or PMC-X board for test access
Direct access to bus and rear I/O signals
Headers and test points for logic analyzer
Supports 33/66-MHz, 32/64-bit modes
3.3 V and 5 V bus signaling
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
www.technobox.com
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #8401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
PMC
Technobox, Inc.
4352
The 4352 is an active adapter that enables delivery of a PMCderived application in a standard PCI or PCI-X environment. Built
around an Intel 31154 PCI-X-to-PCI-X bridge, it supports both
PMC and PMC-X boards of any signaling level, clock frequency,
and bus width. The bridge assures signal integrity even with multiple adapters plugged into a single PCI bus segment. Both the
primary and secondary PCI buses support PCI and PCI-X rates, as well
as 32-bit and 64-bit transactions. LEDs indicate status of power and
key PCI bus signals. A four-pin power connector permits application of
external power (+5 V and +12 V). An optional fan assembly (P/N 3675)
is available.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Adapts PMC or PMC-X modules to PCI or PCI-X
Intel 31154 bridge
Supports PCI (33/66 MHz) and PCI-X (66/100/133 MHz)
Rear I/O support
LEDs for key PCI bus signals and power
Accommodates external power
PMB 300, 4201 Church Road
Mount Laurel, NJ 08054
Tel: 609-267-8988 • Fax: 609-261-1011
www.technobox.com
For more info contact: info@technobox.com
RSC #8402 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
84 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Highland Technology
Boards
Precision instrumentation
Model T560-1 Embedded Delay Generator
The T560 builds on Highland Technology’s family of small digital
delay generators, intended for use in embedded OEM applications.
The T560-1 is the standard, packaged version, usable in many OEM
applications and as the evaluation unit for custom versions. It uses the
technology developed for the Highland models V851 VME module,
V951 VXI module, and P400 (bench-top) digital delay generators, with
basic TTL/CMOS input and output levels and simplified logic.
The T560 accepts an internal or external trigger and generates four
precise output pulses, each user programmable in time delay and width.
It is ideal for laser sequencing, radar/lidar simulation, or sequential
event triggering.
FEATURES:
320 Judah Street
San Francisco, CA 94122
Tel: 415-753-5814 • Fax: 415-753-3301
www.HighlandTechnology.com
For more info contact: info@HighlandTechnology.com
RSC #8501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
■ Four TTL-level delay outputs, individually programmable for delay and
pulse width
■ 10 ps delay resolution, 10-second range, 20 ns insertion delay, 20 MHz maximum
trigger rate
■ Low jitter, highly accurate DSP phaselock system has crystal-clock delay
accuracy w/zero indeterminancy from external trigger
■ Internal TCXO time base with external lock capability; DDS synthesizer for
internal trigger rates
■ COMM: RS-232 serial interface standard, Ethernet optional; PWR: External
universal power supply or 12 VDC power
■ Easily mounted enclosure allows short cable runs and reliable unattended
operation; custom OEM package or board-only also available
Linktronic
Boards
Special purpose
Radar Upgrades/Radar Scan Conversion
Linktronic is an expert in upgrading naval, army, coastal surveillance, and
air traffic control radar systems with COTS. We have 15 years experience in
radar design, special systems integration, link construction, conversion, and
re-engineering of the world’s top 10 radar systems.
Our focus is defense air-search radars, real-time control border monitoring,
air traffic control, vessel traffic management, and remote vessel monitoring
stations.
We are skilled in radar upgrading within limited budgets. We have installed
full air traffic control systems, both naval and military, as well as naval aircraft
houses.
Expertise includes instructional use/training and hand-over of radar systems.
FEATURES:
1135 Terminal Way, #209
Reno , NV 89502
Tel: 702-328-7951 • Fax: 702-505-4671
www.linktronicusa.com
■ Radar scan converters and recording – using the latest COTS technologies
■ ASR-1000 radar ATC for aerial monitoring, band S, TMA, rank 60/80 mn, dualchannel AMTD, solid-state modules
■ AS-100X – tactical mobile radar – completely SELF-CONTAINED in a 20-foot unit
■ RCB-16 – small area tactical mobile radar – 1000 meter range w/remote alarms
■ Sensors of radio frequency – for technical audit to TV cable networks – to
determine the illegal connections to the TV network
■ Our special skill is upgrading radar within limited budgets
For more info contact: Juergen@ibds.ws
RSC #8502 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 85
Boards
Special purpose
Parsec (Pty) Ltd
COTS Radar Signal Processor Platform
Radar Signal Processors (RSPs) continuously challenge leading-edge
technology for high-performance processing, high data bandwidth,
programmability, and testability. These demands must be met despite
the contradicting requirements of reduced development time and low
production cost.
Parsec’s range of Commercial-Off-The-Shelf (COTS) CompactPCI and
PMC products uniquely combines analog, FPGA, and StarFabric technology to provide an open standard, highly scalable, programmable
platform that satisfies the stringent demands of Radar Signal Processor
development.
The PM410 PICMG 2.17 StarFabric CompactPCI PMC carrier board
provides full-duplex, high-bandwidth (2.5/5.0 Gbps) point-to-point
links between PMC processing nodes. It also allows cascading of multiple PM410 carriers in a scalable fashion, resulting in a fully pipelined
flow-through architecture.
FEATURES:
■ Programmable RSP platform
■ High processing bandwidth
■ High data bandwidth
■ Built-in upgrade and test features
■ Short, low-risk RSP development cycle
■ Low production cost
■ COTS CompactPCI and PMC modules
■ PICMG 2.17 StarFabric CompactPCI carrier with high
bandwidth (2.5/5.0 Gbps) point-to-point links
■ High-performance 14-bit 105 MSps ADC and 14-bit
150 MSps DAC PMC modules
■ ALTERA® STRATIX-based single and dual PMC FPGA
processing modules
■ Hardware, firmware, and software development and
integration services available
The PM480 14-bit 105 MSps ADC PMC and PM488 14-bit 150 MSps
DAC PMC modules seamlessly interface with RF peripherals at IF
frequencies. Front-panel SMB connectors provide clock and trigger
inputs and analog interfaces.
The PM431 and PM430 are single and dual PMC FPGA modules
with respectively one and two processing FPGAs. These modules
innovatively apply ALTERA® STRATIX FPGA technology to yield very
high-performance processing nodes. An FPGA-based DMA engine
provides sustained PCI transfer rates of 430 MBps. Each processing
FPGA connects to five independent ZBT memories, delivering 2.66
GBps of memory bandwidth per processing FPGA.
These modules integrate into a CompactPCI rack to realize a
programmable, high-performance Radar Signal Processor that effectively implements radar functions like pulse generation, IF sampling,
timing generation, pulse compression, doppler filtering, CFAR, etc.
This COTS-based system facilitates a short, low-risk development cycle
resulting in a high-performance Radar Signal Processor solution with
low production cost.
16 Pieter Street
Centurion, 0157
Tel: +27-12-678-9740 • Fax: +27-12-678-9741
www.parsec.co.za
For more info contact: info@parsec.co.za
RSC #8601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
86 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
Manufacturing Services
Crane Aerospace & Electronics
Electronic Manufacturing Solutions (EMS)
From prototype to production, Crane Aerospace & Electronics has the
experience and expertise to fill your electronic manufacturing outsourcing requirements. We partner with our customers as their choice
for leading-edge design and manufacturing of unique electronic packaging solutions. We provide high-quality, quick response electronic
assembly services. We are established as a turnkey MIL-SPEC and
commercial assembly facility conforming to all relevant standards. We
offer full Surface Mount Technology (SMT) capability in addition to
providing our customers with virtually all types of printed wiring board
assembly technologies.
Our quality program includes compliance with government standards
and statistical process control applications. We have been surveyed
and approved by more than twenty prime contractors for compliance
with the requirements of MIL-Q-9858 or MIL-I-45208 and various
MIL-STDs. We are ISO 9002 and AS9100 qualified and a preferred
supplier to several major aerospace firms.
We provide technical support throughout the planning, design,
assembly, testing, and operational phases. We perform manufacturability reviews and make procurement, manufacturing, and integration recommendations.
Download our brochure at www.craneae.com/133.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics is a segment of Crane Co. that includes
ELDEC, General Technology, Hydro-Aire, Interpoint, Keltec, Lear
Romec, P.L. Porter, Resistoflex, and Signal Technology, all major suppliers of critical aircraft and electronic systems and components. For
more information on Crane Aerospace & Electronics, visit www.craneae.com and for Crane Co., visit www.craneco.com. Crane Co. is a
diversified manufacturer of engineered industrial products.
FEATURES:
Conceptual planning
Full turnkey component sourcing and procurement
PWB layout
Surface mount technology
Through-hole assembly
Cable and harness assembly
Technical support
IPC certified operators
Test: Automated, In-Circuit Test (ICT),
Environmental Stress Screening (ESS)
■ Obsolescence management
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
■
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PO Box 97005
Redmond, WA 98073-9705
Tel: 866-283-0926 (425-895-4053) • Fax: 425-882-1990
www.craneae.com
For more info contact: electronics@craneae.com
RSC #8701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 87
The Titan Corporation
Advanced Products & Design Division
Vigra – Video, Imaging, Graphics
Boards
Video
We’re different than traditional video and graphic board suppliers. From
frame grabbers with graphics and dual monitor support to real-time
video/image processing, to MPEG compression and decompression, our
Vigra family of customizable, off-the-shelf board platforms can be tailored to meet the highest degree of functionality, performance, and
reliability possible. Our Vigra products are based on programmable,
scalable FPGAs, creating a flexible COTS technology to support video
capture and display, as well as complex real-time image processing and
high resolution graphics. Vigra’s architecture allows you to upgrade
application-specific functions, without changing the hardware.
FEATURES:
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Compression/Decompression
Real-time digital and analog video
Onboard, real-time image processing
VxWorks, Solaris, Windows
Programmable FPGA-based platform
PCI and PMC form factors
10636 Scripps Summit Court, Suite 101
San Diego, CA 92131
Tel: 858-527-6100 • Fax: 858-527-0150
www.titan.com
For more info contact: titanapd@titan.com
RSC #8801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
The Titan Corporation
Advanced Products & Design Division
VigraWATCH
Boards
Video
VigraWATCH is a multifunction, single-board COTS product to acquire,
process, and simultaneously compress and decompress video and audio
in real time. VigraWATCH supports two separate graphics displays, each
with an independent video window in the display to simultaneously display real-time video with nondestructive graphics overlay to a window,
or drive an SVGA monitor directly. VigraWATCH provides a range of programmable-bit and frame-rate compression and decompression options
to meet specific bandwidth requirements.
VigraWATCH utilizes a dense FPGA and a PowerPC to perform onboard,
real-time image processing and supports Titan off-the-shelf and custom
algorithms as well.
FEATURES:
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MPEG-2 compression and decompression
Real-time digital and analog video and audio
Two real-time graphics displays with independent video windows and TV-out
FPGA-based
PMC and PCI form factors
Ethernet
10636 Scripps Summit Court, Suite 101
San Diego, CA 92131
Tel: 858-527-6100 • Fax: 858-527-0150
www.titan.com
For more info contact: titanapd@titan.com
RSC #8802 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
88 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
Video
RGB Spectrum
RGB/View 8000/8001 Multi-input Display Processors
The RGB/View® 8000 and 8001 controllers display up to eleven
real-time video windows on a high resolution monitor. Each window
can be independently positioned, scaled to any size, overlaid with
computer graphics, or overlapped with other windows. In addition,
the user can pan and zoom within each image.
The system was developed for applications requiring the simultaneous real-time display of high quality video and computer-generated
images.The RGB/View 8000 offers up to four video and two high
resolution RGB inputs on a single VME board. The RGB/View 8001
supports up to eight video and three RGB inputs in two VME slots.
The RGB/View processor guarantees real-time video performance
under all conditions. Its architecture has a unique advantage:
the multi-image display imposes no burden on the host CPU, frame
buffer, or bus.
Features include frame grabbing of individual inputs or the
combined screen image over the VMEbus or Ethernet port, a fully digital
signal path available with DVI input and output, and a chroma key
for overlays.
Excellent video quality, real-time performance, a unique set of features,
and compatibility with virtually all VME CPU and graphics boards,
make the RGB/View 8000 and 8001 the finest video windowing
systems available.
FEATURES:
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Displays up to eleven real-time inputs
Compatible with inputs up to 1920X1200 Pixels
RGB, DVI, FLIR, radar, sonar, NTSC/PAL, and S-video inputs
Windows independently positioned and scaled
Zooming within Windows
Chroma key overlays
Software independent
30-bit color processing
Control over VMEbus, RS-232 port, and Ethernet
Frame grabbing over VMEbus and Ethernet
950 Marina Village Parkway
Alameda, CA 94501
Tel: 510-814-7000 • Fax: 510-814-7026
www.rgb.com
For more info contact: sales@rgb.com
RSC #8901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 89
Boards
VMEbus
Highland Technology
V360 VME Eight-Channel Frequency Measurement Module
The V360 complements Highland’s Arbs in acquiring low frequency
inputs from industrial speed sensors. The module can measure frequency
and period over a wide dynamic range, and is specifically designed to
ensure reliable measurement in high-noise environments.
Differential signal inputs are conditioned, filtered, and presented to the
FPGA, which manages period and frequency measurement. A microprocessor periodically reads the timer chip, checks and scales data, and loads
measured values into a dual-port memory interfaced to the VME bus.
The inputs can connect directly to common transducers including variable
reluctance or hall-effect magnetic speed, optical, and other pickups.
FEATURES:
■ Intelligent, eight-channel, period/frequency/RPM measurement module for signal
conditioning magnetic speed pickups, flowmeters, and encoders
■ Also for use with AC line voltage or alternator windings, optical pickups, fuel
flowmeters, contact closures, or other special levels
■ High noise immunity ensures accurate measurement in industrial and aerospace
environments
■ Register-based, VXI compliant, 16-bit VME module with clean, simple
architecture that simplifies programming
■ Range: 32 bits with 20 ns LSB resolution, approximately 85 s maximum period.
Transparent interlock logic allows skew-free reading of 32-bit period data
■ DB37 female connector for signal inputs and current-limited +12 V excitation
outputs; DB9 female connector for RS-232 serial
Boards
VMEbus
320 Judah Street
San Francisco, CA 94122
Tel: 415-753-5814 • Fax: 415-753-3301
www.HighlandTechnology.com
For more info contact: info@HighlandTechnology.com
RSC #9001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Voiceboard Corporation
VS34 VoIP SuperSpan
Not just a board...a complete COTS customizable embedded solution,
the VS34 VoIP T1/E1 VME single blade with a high-density DSP PMC41
mezzanine supports 60 or 120 ports. VS34 provides the necessary
platform for advanced VoIP voice capabilities of today’s joint services
requirements for networked, mobile tactical communications equipment. The versatile VS34 offers optional downloadable firmware libraries
for high-density IP conferencing, telephony, G3 fax, or V.90 modem, as
well as redundant, dual 100Base-T Ethernet connections. Select primary
rate ISDN, QSIG, or SS7 signaling. VoIP includes G.711, G.723, G.726,
G.729, G.168, DTMF, call progress, AGC, comfort noise generation, and
jitter buffering plus more.
FEATURES:
■ Channelized DSO, fractional and unchannelized DS1 multiple software-selectable
T1/E1 interfaces
■ Single blade supports 120 VoIP ports for network interfacing and DSP processing
capabilities
■ Dual redundant 100Base-T Ethernet for high reliability, and support for remote
server configurations
■ Does not require chassis host CPU; the host CPU can reside anywhere within the
LAN/WAN network environment
■ Access to raw signaling data provides customers greater flexibility in customizing
systems for maximum advantages
■ Optional PMC750 for specific customer applications, resulting in a complete
VoIP system on a blade
90 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
473 Post Street
Camarillo, CA 93010
Tel: 805-389-3100 • Fax: 805-389-1611
www.Voiceboard.com
For more info contact: marketing@voiceboard.com
RSC #9002 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
VMEbus
DNA Computing Solutions, Inc.
NEXUS Dual/Quad Multiprocessor Board
The NEXUS™ Multiprocessor family from DNA Computing Solutions
is one of the first VME processor solutions incorporating the new
VME320 (2eSST™) interface for deterministic, high-speed, inter-board
communications while maintaining compatibility with existing VME
products. This advanced distributed processing solution enables scaling of multiple processing nodes for the most demanding signal and
image processing applications.
NEXUS processing nodes use the latest 7447/A or 7448 Motorola
PowerPC™ processors running at up to a 1.5 GHz clock rate.
Communication between onboard processing nodes is facilitated
through the two PCI-X buses providing a bisection bandwidth of up
to 2 GBps.
Users are provided an onboard selection of standard I/O solutions
including Gigabit Ethernet, PCI-X, and serial ports. Also, two standard
(IEEE P1386) 64-bit/133 MHz PCI-X PMC sites are available for
additional system interfaces and expanded functionality, including
FPGAs and switched fabric interconnects. GPIO flexibility is provided
on the NEXUS using the I2C bus and a user-defined transition module.
Various types of GPIO are available, including LVTTL, open drain, and
others, as system requirements dictate.
Board Support Packages (BSPs)
VxWorks™/Tornado™ and Yellow Dog™ Linux™ operating systems give
your application a proven baseline of operating system functions and
utilities including Built-In-Test (BIT), Power-On-Self-Test (POST), and
Board User Configurations.
Signal processing tools
Development of advanced signal processing applications is greatly
simplified using the tools available under WingSpan™. Application
performance is enhanced through over 2700 Altivec™ optimized
signal processing library functions with both VSIPL and “C” APIs
included in WingSpan.
The NEXUS is available in an extended temperature version with
rugged and quad processor versions on the way.
FEATURES:
■ PPC 7447/A or 7448 CPU
■ VME320 support with the Tundra 2eSST™ PCI-X to VME320
bridge
■ Two independent local PCI-X buses, 64 bit/133 MHz, and
two industry-standard PMC sites (IEEE P1386 compliant)
■ PCI-X bridges isolate PMCs to maintain PCI-X speeds
between onboard nodes and devices when slow-speed
PMCs are installed
■ Up to 512 DDR SDRAM with ECC and 32 MB combined
user and boot Flash (per CPU/node)
■ Two onboard Gigabit Ethernet ports (10/100/1000Base-T)
(one per CPU/node) and serial ports with front (2) and rear
(2) access
■ DNA WingSpan™ Software Development Suite support
with VxWorks and Linux BSPs and VSIPL (core) and vector
(2200+) libraries
■ Yellow Dog Linux support for NFS boot with three preconfigured kernels supplied (minimal, RL3, and RL5)
■ Standard BIT capabilities include POST, user configurable
boot, and application background BIT functions
■ Extensive validated PMC support includes StarFabric,
FPDP, 1553B, Flash card carriers, digital receivers, and
PMC disk drives
■ WingSpan™ support provides NEXUS and all DNA
computing platforms high performance signal processing
functions, utilities, and libraries
■ Access to DNA Computing Solutions’ outstanding
customer service and technical support to ensure your
project success
NEXUS and WingSpan are trademarks of DNA Computing Solutions,
Inc. Other names listed are trademarks or service marks of their
respective companies.
1240 East Campbell Road
Richardson, TX 75081
Tel: 972-671-1972 • Fax: 972-671-1581
www.dna-cs.com/products/nexus.htm
For more info contact: sales@dna-cs.com
RSC #9101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 91
Harris Corporation,
RF Communications Division
Boards
VMEbus
SIERRA™ II Programmable Cryptographic Module
Sierra II consists of a miniaturized printed wiring assembly, custom
Application Specific Integrated Circuit (ASIC), and supporting software
that is embedded in radios and other voice and data communications
equipment to encrypt classified information prior to transmission and
storage. Sierra II is the second product in the Sierra family supporting all of the features of Sierra I, which was certified by the NSA in
June 2002.
Sierra II encompasses a much broader range of functionality and
offers data rates greater than 300 Mbps, low power consumption
suitable for battery-powered applications, legacy and future algorithm
support, and advanced programmability. Sierra II was developed by
Harris to address all of the requirements of the Joint Tactical Radio
System (JTRS) and NSA’s Crypto Modernization Program, including the
requirement for programmability.
FEATURES:
■ Data rates up to 300 Mbps (dependent on mode)
■ Available as ASIC and/or module
■ Programmable cryptographic ASIC available in two
packages for various embedded applications
■ Operating temperature: –40 °C to +85 °C
■ Supply voltage: 1.8 V (ASIC) or 3.3 V (module)
■ Low power for battery-powered applications
■ Field software reprogrammable
■ Cryptographic bypass
■ Type 1, 3, and 4 – cryptographic algorithms
■ Key management: SARK/PARK (KY-57, KYV-5, and
KG-84A/C OTAR)
– DS-101 and DS-102 key fill
– SINCGARS mode 2/3 fill
■ Non-CCI prior to Type 1 programming
■ Designed to protect voice/data traffic up to TS/SCI
Sierra’s software programmability provides a low-cost migration path
for future upgrades to embedded communications equipment without the logistics and cost burden normally associated with upgrading
hardware. Sierra’s small size, low power, and high data rates make it
an ideal choice for battery-powered applications. It is ideally suited
for JTRS applications, military radios, wireless LANs, remote sensors,
guided munitions, UAVs, and other equipment requiring a low-power
programmable solution.
1680 University Avenue
Rochester, NY 14610
Tel: 585-244-5830 • Fax: 585-241-8193
www.rfcomm.harris.com/products/embeddable-security/
For more info contact: ddefreze@harris.com
RSC #9201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
92 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
VMEbus
Creative Electronic Systems
Conduction Cooled RIOC 4070
Applications
The RIOC 4070 is the first conduction-cooled version of the
RIOC 4068. Compared with its ruggedized companion, it complies
with extreme operating conditions (such as -40 °C to +85 °C, shocks
and vibrations) and offers additional real-time reconfiguration capabilities often required in UAVs and aircraft for real-time acquisition
and processing.
Hardware specifications
Like most standard CompactPCI SBCs, the RIOC 4070 offers Ethernet,
RS-232, JTAG, and the usual glue logic around a PowerPC core.
Where it differs, is the extensive use of specific FPGAs to maximize the
acquisition speed on the CompactPCI and PCI buses, and the seamless data transfer to the main memory through a multi-port interface.
The RIOC 4070 also offers real-time status monitoring sensors that
relay information to the user software to take a variety of actions such
as speed, control, partial disconnection of a faulty element, program
reload, and so forth.
Both PCI and CompactPCI interfaces are equipped with a set of hardware and firmware building blocks to attach additional processors
exchanging data at ultra-high speed (CES BP-Net logic).
Software specifications
CES, as a system company, designs in-house, both hardware and software elements (BSPs) and offers the package as a bundle, providing
software support for all of the available hardware functions.
The RIOC 4070 is available with the general-purpose Linux® tool kit,
as well as CES extended BSPs for VxWorks® and Integrity®. CES AE
653 BSPs are also available.
FEATURES:
PowerPC 750Gx at maximum frequency
512 MB global memory SDRAM at 800 MBps peak
CES-enhanced PowerPC-to-CompactPCI bridge
16 independent linked list DMA channel engine
Two onboard PMC slots
Power-on/power-off control logic per PMC slot
High throughput DMA engine
32 MB NOR with compressor
256 MB NAND with high-speed file system
Multiple thermal sensors
Transparent multiprocessor extension with up to six
MFCC 8446 companion modules
■ Extended BSPs for VxWorks® 6.x and Integrity® 5.x
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38 Avenue Eugène-Lance
Grand-Lancy 1/Geneva, Switzerland 1212
Tel: +41-22-884-51-00 • Fax: + 41-22-794-74-30
www.ces.ch
For more info contact: ces@ces.ch
RSC #9301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 93
Boards
VMEbus
Excalibur Systems
EXC-4000VME
EXC-4000 series avionics communications testers are multiprotocol test and simulation boards for PCI, CompactPCI, PC/104Plus, VME, and VXI mainframes. The VME/VXI boards support up
to eight modules with the remaining form factors supporting four
modules each. Each module represents an independent test and simulation device. Most modules are based on existing Excalibur products
such as the 1553Px family, the 1553 MCH family, the ARINC-429, and
the H009. Additional modules, such as the RS-485/422/232
module, the 20-channel Discrete module, the CAN bus module, and
the ARINC-708 module, represent new designs made especially for
the 4000 series.
EXC-4000 represents a breakthrough in flexibility for avionics test
equipment enabling the simulation of an entire test suite from a
small number of boards. It is, for example, possible to control 20
ARINC-429 channels, 5 1553 channels, 15 input discretes, and 5 output
discretes from a single VME board.
FEATURES:
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VME B-size and VXI C-size available
VME/VXI support up to eight modules
Multiple board support for all platforms
Protocols supported: ARINC-429, MIL-STD-1553, Avionics
Discrete I/O, RS-232/422/485, ARINC-708, H009, CAN
bus, and Mini Munitions Stores Interface
Operating environment: 0 °C to 70 °C standard
temperature, optional –40 °C to +85 °C extended
temperature
Host interface: VME compliance – Slave A16, A24/A32,
and D8/D16
Memory space occupied: 1024 KB (128 K per module)
Software support: C drivers with source code for all
modules
VME/VXI boards come with drivers for VISA or VxWorks
Merlin+ Windows software for Px modules, and Merlin/
MCH Windows for MCH modules
Mystic Windows support for ARINC-429
Exalt support available for 1553 Px, ARINC-429,
ARINC-708, and Discrete modules under Windows
EXC-4000 is supplied with C drivers for all modules and Windows
software for 1553, 429, and Discrete modules.
311 Meacham Avenue
Elmont , NY 11003
Tel: 800-MIL-1553 • Fax: 516-327-4645
www.mil-1553.com
For more info contact: info@mil-1553.com
RSC #9401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
94 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
VMEbus
Dynatem, Inc.
VMEbus Pentium M Single Board Computer
DPM
The DPM is a VMEbus (and VME64) compatible platform based on the
Intel® low-power Pentium® M (Dothan) processor. The DPM takes
advantage of the Pentium M’s low power consumption as a rugged
Single Board Computer (SBC), and it is optionally available as an IEEE
1101.2-compliant, conduction-cooled VMEbus module with wedge
locks and a full-board heat sink for high shock/vibration environments
and temperature extremes.
The 855GME Graphics Memory Controller Hub (GMCH) and 6300ESB
I/O Controller Hub (ICH) chipset supports PCI-X expansion, integrated
VGA/DVO interface, USB 2.0, ATA/100, and Serial ATA (SATA). A DVI-I
connector, two USB 2.0 ports, a 10/100Base-Tx interface, and a COM
port are all accessible from the front panel. Onboard CompactFlash
permits single-slot booting. Two VITA 31.1-compliant,
10/100/1000Base-Tx ports are routed to the backplane. Conventional
PC I/O is accessible with industry-standard connectors on optional rear
I/O modules, as well as SATA, VGA/DVO video, Gb Ethernet, and two
more USB 2.0 ports. One PMC-X site is provided for additional I/O
expansion.
FEATURES:
■ Intel® Pentium® M Processor
■ 2 MB of L2 Advanced Transfer Cache
■ Available in either the ultra-low voltage 1.0 GHz @ 5 W
version or the low voltage at 1.4 GHz @ 10 W
■ Single-slot: VMEbus operation with an onboard
CompactFlash disk for bootable mass storage
■ 855GME and 6300ESB Chipset 400 MT/sec system bus
■ Ultra ATA 100/66/33 IDE protocol
■ PCI-X expansion offers 64 bits @ 66 MHz data transfer
capability
■ Integrated graphics
■ DDR-266 support with a memory bandwidth of 2.1 GBps
■ Tundra Universe IID PCI-VMEbus interface provides 64- bit
VMEbus transfer rates over 30 MBps
■ One PMC-X site with 64 bit @ 66 MHz bandwidth is
available onboard
23263 Madero, Suite C
Mission Viejo, CA 92691
Tel: 800-543-3830 • Fax: 949-770-3481
www.dynatem.com
For more info contact: sales@dynatem.com
RSC #9501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 95
Boards
VMEbus
Pentek, Inc.
High-Speed Development Platform Streamlines Your Application
The Model RTS 2503 Development Platform with the Model 4990
SystemFlow API and Development Libraries afford developers a simple
way to address high-speed, real-time data acquisition processing and
recording applications. The platform implements a multichannel wideband data recording system. With a 1 GHz G4 PowerPC processor,
two Virtex-II and two Virtex-II Pro FPGAs delivering 18 million gates
of programmable logic, and onboard 215 MHz 12-bit A/D converters,
the system provides designers with the latest technology for signal
capture and processing.
The system is scalable from one or two channels in two VMEbus
slots in a portable cage to 20 channels that fit in a single rack-mount
chassis. Various high-speed interfaces may be used for real-time data
streaming including Fibre Channel, Gigabit Ethernet, RACE++, FPDP,
and the new VXS serial fabric. The onboard Fibre Channel interface
may be used to store data to Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
(RAID) or Just a Bunch of Disks (JBOD) storage systems.
FEATURES:
■ Optimized for high-speed data acquisition, processing,
and recording applications
■ Provides out-of-the box functionality
■ A/D sampling rates to 215 MHz
■ Onboard 1 GHz PowerPC processor with the royalty-free
eCos real-time operating system
■ Onboard Xilinx FPGAs supported with Pentek GateFlow©
FPGA resources: FPGA design kit, IP cores, installed cores
■ Scalable from 1-20 channels
■ Includes Pentek SystemFlow™ API and development
libraries
■ Includes source code to simplify applications development
and customization
■ Includes Pentek ReadyFlow© board support libraries for
quick startup and operation
■ Graphical user interface
■ Ideal for radar, wireless, SIGINT, telecom, and satcom
applications
SystemFlow has a modular design that includes API and libraries for
the target board and the host PC. Windows Dynamic Link Library
(DLL) calls are written in Visual C++. A Graphical User Interface (GUI)
is provided as a front end to the host PC. The PC host front end communicates over Ethernet with the royalty-free eCos real-time operating system running on the G4 PowerPC target board, which executes
real-time application code.
Development libraries for both host and target include full source
code that allows developers to modify the host front end and the
target code to meet their needs. The software package includes a data
viewer that displays plots of collected data in either time or frequency
domain. The viewer can be used to preview data before storage or to
review stored data.
The Pentek GateFlow FPGA Resources support the onboard FPGAs
of the RTS 2503 System. These tools include the FPGA design kit, the
IP core libaries, and factory-installed cores
For more information, visit: www.pentek.com/go/mem2503
One Park Way
Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458
Tel: 201-818-5900 • Fax: 201-818-5904
www.pentek.com
For more info contact: info@pentek.com
RSC #9601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
96 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
SBS Technologies
Boards
VMEbus
VR9 – Conduction-Cooled Intel® Pentium® M-Based SBC
The VR9 is a 6U VMEbus, all-in-one CPU board with an integrated,
power-efficient gigahertz processor and dual Gigabit Ethernet channels.
The VR9 is designed to meet the needs of embedded application developers addressing markets like military and aerospace, imaging, industrial
automation, and communications.
Based on the Intel® Pentium® M processor, the VR9 platform is designed
to support processor speeds from 600 MHz up to 1.6 GHz. It offers low
power consumption, generating minimal heat and eliminating the need
for onboard ventilation.
Versions of the VR9 with front-panel I/O are available in various
configurations, with and without PMC support.
FEATURES:
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
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Intel® Pentium® M processor, 600 MHz to 1.6 GHz
Two Gigabit Ethernet ports, 10/100/1000Base-T front or rear optional
Two PMC extension slots, one 64-bit/66 MHz and one 32-bit/33 MHz
Conduction cooling, conformal coating, and extended temperature range options
High shock and vibration immunity with stiffener bars and wedge locks
Extensive software support
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #9701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
SBS Technologies
Boards
VMEbus
VXS1 – PowerPC with an InfiniBand HCA & Gigabit Ethernet
The VXS1 Rugged 6U VME PowerPC Single Board Computer works
with other SBS products to bring 10 GBps InfiniBand switched fabric
technology to VME systems.
The VXS1 hosts the G4 PowerPC processor with core processor speeds
from 500 MHz to 1 GHz and a 167 MHz system bus. It includes two independent InfiniBand 4x links through VME_P0 and provides InfiniBand
and system control traffic termination.
The VXS1 also provides two Gigabit Ethernet ports to the backplane,
one 64-bit 66 MHz PCI bus interface, and one 64-bit 66/133 MHz PCI-X
interface, as well as two MPSC ports that provide RS-232 (COM1) and
RS-422 (COM2) rear I/O ports.
The VXS1 is compatible with VITA1.7 systems.
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
FEATURES:
MPC7447A G4 host PowerPC 1 GHz processor with 512 KB on-chip L2 cache
MV64460 PowerPC System Controller (Discovery III) bridge chip
MT23108 InfiniBand Host Channel Adapter with 128 MB of control memory
2eSST VMEbus: Tsi148 VMEbus bridge
Two Ethernet 10/100/1000Base-Tx ports at rear I/O (third port to front-panel
RJ-45 connector on convection-cooled version)
■ Conduction or convection cooled with extended temperature range (-40 °C to
85 °C)
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For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #9702 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 97
Boards
VMEbus
SBS Technologies
IB4X-V41 – 24-port VITA 41 InfiniBand Switch
IB4X-V41 is a high-performance, 24-port 4x InfiniBand switch in a VITA
41 form factor. This switch overlays high-speed switched serial interconnects on the standard VME backplane.
Delivering greater than a magnitude of bandwidth increase to the VME
backplane, this switch is ideal for embedded systems in military, COTS,
medical imaging, and telecommunications markets.
The IB4X-V41 has 18 payload connections, four inter-switch connections, and two front-panel copper connectors that can be converted to
fiber through use of an SBS IB4X-OMC media converter.
FEATURES:
Designed to withstand temperatures from -40 °C to +85 °C, the IB4X is
available with conduction cooling or air cooling.
■ Complete, 24 port, 4x InfiniBand switch in a VITA 41 form factor for use in
VME systems
■ Massive increase in aggregate switch bandwidth on VME – 480 Gbps
■ Fully non-blocking internal switch architecture and support for cut-through and
store and forward algorithms
■ 18 payload ports and four interswitch links
■ InfiniBand v1.1 and VITA 41, 41.1, and 41.10 compliant
■ Conduction-cooled and air-cooled versions available
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #9801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
VMEbus
SBS Technologies
VG5 – VME6U Dual PowerPC Single Slot CPU board
VG5 is a dual- or single-processor VMEbus computer board designed
to meet the needs of high-performance embedded applications. It
addresses markets such as aerospace, industrial automation, and any
markets where real-time and/or signal processing is needed.
Operating system support includes VxWorks, Linux, and LynxOS.
The ultra-compact 6U single slot, all-in-one design includes flexible
memory and Flash configurations. Onboard peripherals include up to
two Gigabit (VITA 31.1-compliant) ports, two 10/100Base-T Ethernet
ports, up to four high-speed, multi-protocol serial controllers (HDLC,
BiSync), one serial-ATA compatible port, two PMC extension slots, and
general-purpose I/Os.
FEATURES:
■ Dual processor and chipset design for independent processor nodes
■ Ruggedized versions with high immunity to shock and vibration, conduction
cooling, conformal coating, and a -40 °C to +85 °C temperature range
■ A user-programmable FPGA for controlling peripheral functions or additional I/Os;
support by available development kit
■ Dual PMC sites support flexible mezzanine cards, enabling additional I/O,
processing, or other functions
■ Custom assembly for specific applications supports optimum price/performance
for each application
■ Single processor versions available
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #9802 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
98 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
VMEbus
General Micro Systems
V269-FPIO 3Row Dual Xeon-LP SBC “Equinox”
The V269-3R FPIO (Front-Panel I/O) “Equinox” solution from General
Micro Systems (GMS) is the first dual Xeon-LP, high-performance
server built for Legacy 3 Row systems that need all the I/O out of
the front. This product allows applications to perform “technology
refresh” for existing systems, fully utilize the features of the Xeon-LP
processor, which provides the performance of a desktop Pentium IV
processor at half the power consumption, and support a long life cycle
(minimum of five years).
In addition, the Xeon-LP supports multiprocessing and
is socketable. The V269-3R FPIO Equinox can function as a highperformance server and is ideal for applications requiring processor
horsepower, exceptional bus speed, and configurability. The GMS
V269-3R provides systems designers an excellent solution when they
require dual processors, dual gigabit mass storage capability, and diskless operation. These advantages make the V269-3R Equinox an ideal
choice, especially for military/aerospace command and control systems
for shipboard or air- or land-based environments.
The VME interface for the V269 is provided via the Tundra
Universe-II® device. This device supports all VME-D64 master and
slave modes of operations as well as the system controller functions. GMS has full software support for this device under VxWorks®,
Solaris®x86, Linux®, and QNX®, as well as the highest performing
driver for Windows®NT/2000/XP in the industry. GMS “VMExpress”
is the industry benchmark for VME performance and functionality.
Additionally, with the addition of VME/IP, the VMEbus can be transformed into a virtual network, and thus eliminate the big endian/little
endian issues. GMS VMExpress is also supported under Venturcom
Real Time Extension® (RTX).
FEATURES:
■ Dual, low-voltage 2.4 GHz Intel Xeon® Pentium® IV
processors
■ 533 MHz Front Side Bus (FSB)
■ 512 KB of on-die L2 cache for each processor
■ Up to 8 GB of low-cost DDR DIMM SDRAM memory
■ Dual Gigabit Ethernet ports
■ Ultra-wide SCSI 160/320
■ Dual video graphic engines: analog and digital
■ RGB with sync-on-green and DVI for each port
■ Support for three additional PMC sites via a triple PMC
expansion module
■ 4 MB BIOS Flash with power-on, self-test functions
■ V269: Available in two-slot, three-slot, and four-slot
solutions
■ Supports Windows®2000/XP, VxWorks®, Solaris®x86,
QNX®, and Linux®
8358 Maple Place
Rancho Cucamonga, CA 91730
Tel: 909-980-4863 • Fax: 909-987-4863
www.gms4sbc.com
For more info contact: sales@gms4sbc.com
RSC #9901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 99
Boards
VMEbus
North Atlantic Industries, Inc.
64C1
North Atlantic Industries’ multifunction VME card (64C1) provides
high performance and high functional density along with enhanced
diagnostics to support embedded and test and measurement
applications. What sets this card apart from the competition is its
ability to mix and match a wide range of functions and provide extensive diagnostics, which includes background built-in-test, to ensure
that the cards are functioning properly. This DSP-based design contains six slots for various functions and an additional slot for an AC
reference oscillator. If a fault should occur, the card generates an interrupt to indicate which channel is malfunctioning. This universal card
eliminates the need for specialized, single function cards by providing
an assortment of functions on one single card.
FEATURES:
■ Multiple functions on a single-slot VME card
■ Background self test, transparent to user operation
■ Available in CompactPCI format and PCI format
(coming soon)
■ Geographical addressing (field selectable)
■ Connections via front panel, P2/P0 or both
■ Conduction-cooled, wedge lock versions available
■ Independent A/Ds (not muxed) running at 50 kHz
and higher
■ Discrete I/O: each channel programmable as input or
output
■ D/As capable of delivering 20 ma
■ Alternate version (64D1) available for increased density
■ 64D1: Communication capability – RS-232/422/485,
MIL-STD-1553, Profibus and ARINC 429
■ 64D1: I/O capability – High Density, Discrete (0 V to 50 V)
I/O and TTL I/O
The “motherboard” contains six independent module slots, each
of which can be populated with a function specific module. Other
features include self-calibration, low power, and user-programmable parameters. Functions per slot include A/D (10 channels), D/A
(10 channels), RTD (6 channels), discrete and digital I/O
(16 channels), synchro/resolver (4 channels), LVDT/RVDT (4 channels),
and an AC oscillator. Each test and measurement and embedded application typically requires a different combination of analog and digital
I/O. North Atlantic Industries’ 64C1 series is a solution that reduces
the overall number of cards required for system integration, reduces
the total power required by the cards, and thereby reduces the total
heat generated by the system. The 64C1 is currently in production and
is available in two temperature ranges (0 °C to 70 °C) or (-40 °C to
+85 °C) in both air-cooled and conduction-cooled, wedge lock versions.
It can also be used in both commercial and military applications.
170 Wilbur Place
Bohemia, NY 11716
Tel: 631-567-1100 • Fax: 631-567-1823
www.naii.com
For more info contact: sales@naii.com
RSC #10001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
100 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Boards
VMEbus
Highland Technology, Inc.
V375 VME Four-Channel Arbitrary Waveform Generator
Model V375, one of Highland’s family of arbs, has an extended output
bandwidth and adds four inputs for user waveforms to sum into the
four channel outputs. A burst mode allows software or external input to
trigger generation of one or more waveform cycles.
The V375’s design features make it ideal for simulating sensor signals
from complex rotating machines. Onboard microprocessor-executed
macro commands simplify generation of pure and distorted polyphase AC waveforms with amplitude, frequency, phase, and distortion
components smoothly variable in real time. Other macros create
complex pulse trains with real-time control of pulse positions,
amplitudes, and missing pulses.
FEATURES:
320 Judah Street
San Francisco, CA 94122
Tel: 415-753-5814 • Fax: 415-753-3301
www.highlandtechnology.com
For more info contact: info@highlandtechnology.com
■ Four independent DDS frequency sources allow smooth variation of waveform
scan rates without requiring table reloads
■ Four memory-table-driven waveform generators scan up to 65,536 discrete
points per waveform at up to 15 MHz point step rate
■ 16-bit amplitude resolution; 32-bit frequency resolution
■ Per-channel divisors allow simulation of fractional "gear-ratio" waveshapes
■ Output frequency, amplitude, phase, and DC offset are smoothly variable;
multiple waveforms can be loaded and selected in real time
■ Programmable waveform jump and triggered burst; channels may be
synchronized within a module or across multiple modules
RSC #10101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
A D V E R T I S E R
I N F O R M AT I O N
Page/RSC# Advertiser/Product description
Page/RSC# Advertiser/Product description
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151
ACT/Technico - VITA 31.1 Systems
AIM - Avionics Integration Modules
Aitech - COTS Products and Capabilities
Alphi - PowerQUICC II SBC
Ampro - ETX-800
AP LABS - Rugged Enclosures
Arcom - XScale and Embedded PC Technology
Astec Power - Power Solutions
Bustronic - Backplanes
Condor Engineering - Interface Solutions
Conec - AdvancedTCA Connectors
Connect Tech - Serial Communications
Crane - Military/Defense Products and Services
Curtiss Wright - Design and Build Productrs
Data Device - COTS Solutions
Diversified Technology - Embedded Computer
Module Solutions
Elma - 12R2 Rugged Enclosure
Embedded Planet - PowerPC Computing Engine
Excalibur - Rugged Systems
GE Fanuc - Defense Solutions
General Micro Systems - GMS Computing
Engines
Geotest - Obsolescence Replacement Solutions
153
31
18
10
155
24
13
21
25
2302
3
55
Hypertronics - Ruggedized VME64x Connectors
Kontron - Rugged Computing
Kontron - Embedded Computer Module
Megatel - PCpi
MPL - Rugged Embedded Computers
Pentek - Software Radio System
Phoenix - Data Storage Modules
Premier Magnetics - Data Bus
Interface Transformers
Radstone - G4DSP-XE
Rave Computer - AMD Opteron
Processor-based server
Real-Time Innovations - NDDS Middleware
Red Rock - Mass Storage Modules
SBS - AVC CPCI 3000
SDR Forum - Software Defined Radio
Technical Conference
Seaweed Systems - COTS Graphics Solutions
Technobox - Adapters and Tools for PMCs
Technobox - PMCs and PIMs
Technobox - PMCs
Themis - Mission-Critical Computers
Vector - Series 790 Ruggedized Chassis
OpenSystems Publishing
OpenSystems
Publishing™
Advertising/Business office:
30233 Jefferson Avenue
St. Clair Shores, MI 48082
Tel: 586-415-6500 ■ Fax: 586-415-4882
Vice President Marketing & Sales
Patrick Hopper
phopper@opensystems-publishing.com
Senior Account Manager
Dennis Doyle
ddoyle@opensystems-publishing.com
Account Manager
Tom Varcie
tvarcie@opensystems-publishing.com
Print and Online Marketing Specialist
Christine Long
clong@opensystems-publishing.com
Advertising/Marketing Coordinator
Andrea Stabile
astabile@opensystems-publishing.com
European Representative
Stefan Baginski
sbaginski@opensystems-publishing.com
Account Manager
Doug Cordier
dcordier@opensystems-publishing.com
Business Manager
Karen Layman
For reprints call the sales office: 586-415-6500
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 101
Boards
Proprietary small form factor
MEN Micro, Inc.
EM03 Embedded System Module
The EM03 Embedded System Module (ESM) puts a new PowerPC core,
the 833 MHz PowerQUICC III MPC8560 from Freescale Semiconductor,
in an extended temperature platform suitable for embedded communications applications, such as routers, switches, hubs, gateways,
multi-service access platforms, or embedded Linux servers, that must
operate in rugged military environmental conditions.
The EM03 can be plugged into many types of standard or applicationspecific carrier cards, including 6U carriers for CompactPCI or VMEbus
systems. In a 6U CompactPCI system, for example, the EM03 might
be combined with two PMC modules on the same 6U carrier. Or, in
a PCI-104 based system, PCI-104 I/O modules might be stacked onto
the EM03 for additional functionality.
FEATURES:
■ Computer system on a mezzanine card (processor, chipset,
memory, I/O); interfaces to 32-bit/33 MHz or 64-bit/66 MHz
PCIbus
■ PowerPC processor (833 MHz PowerQUICC III MPC8560)
is well suited for rugged military communications and
control systems
■ Extended temperature operating range of -40 °C to +85 °C
■ Memory: SODIMM slot for up to 2 GB of DDR RAM with
ECC, 1 GB of NAND Flash, 8 MB Flash, 32 MB SDRAM
connected to FPGA
■ I/O interfaces: 2 Gb Ethernet, 1 Fast Ethernet, and
two serial ports, and IDE port; real-time clock, power
supervision, and watchdog
■ FPGA onboard for additional functionality such as
interfaces for ATM, E3/T3, HDLC, CAN bus, USB, IDE,
graphics, and others
■ All of MEN Micro’s ESMs feature a small footprint
compatible with 6U carrier cards and additional mezzanine
cards
■ Other PCI-104-compliant Embedded System Modules
(ESMs) from MEN include:
- ESM based on both Intel Pentium and Freescale PowerPC
with support for Windows, Linux, and real-time OSs
- ESM starter kit and ready-to-configure functionality for
FPGA accelerated development
- ESMs with a wide variety of standard I/O options with
(and without) onboard FPGAs
■ PCI-104 modules can be stacked onto an ESM for added
functionality or I/O
At 7.4 W the PowerQUICC III processor on the EM03A is relatively low
power. It can operate over an extended temperature range of -40 °C
to +85 °C. The EM03 can interface to a 32-bit/33 MHz PCI bus or to a
64-bit/66 MHz PCI bus. Integrated on the PowerQUICC III are two
Gigabit Ethernet ports, one Fast Ethernet port and two serial communication ports. On the EM03, this I/O is led to RJ-45 front-panel
connectors. On another version of the module, the EM03A, this
I/O is not led to front-panel connectors, but is available on the
board itself via a J3 ESM connector. An onboard SO-DIMM slot
enables the EM03 to be configured with up to two gigabytes of
133 MHz double data rate (DDR) RAM main memory. As much as
1 GB of NAND Flash is also available for program memory.
An FPGA on the EM03 can be configured with additional functionality, such as interfaces for ATM, E3/T3, or HDLC. Other typical interfaces like CAN bus, USB, IDE, or graphics could also be loaded into
the FPGA.
MEN Micro is quoting 10-year availability of the EM03.
MEN’s ESMs are complete computer systems on a mezzanine card.
An ESM consists of a CPU chipset, main memory, mass storage
connection, essential I/O, and an onboard BIOS or monitor firmware.
MEN also supports several operating systems including Windows,
Linux, and a variety of real-time OSs.
P.O. Box 4160
Lago Vista, TX 78645-4160
Tel: 512-267-8883 • Fax: 512-267-8803
www.menmicro.com
For more info contact: egodsey@menmicro.com
RSC #10201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
102 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
American Predator Corporation
Boards
Proprietary small form factor
Gator Mini-ITX Industrial Controller
The Gator Mini-ITX is a low-power industrial controller for embedded
applications. This compact (6.7" x 6.7") controller is powered by the
Intel® Pentium® M/Celeron® M processor and the 855GME chipset.
The Gator Mini-ITX features a 400 MHz front-side bus and supports
up to 2 GB of DDR 333/266 SDRAM.
Bus expansion is handled by one (1) 32-bit PCI slot and one
(1) Mini-PCI slot.
The Gator Mini-ITX also features integrated Intel® Extreme Graphics 2, an
optional dual-channel LVDS controller, built-in sound, Gigabit Ethernet,
two (2) serial ATA connectors, USB 2.0, and six (6) RS-232 ports.
The Gator Mini-ITX carries a five- to eight-year production life-cycle
guarantee.
FEATURES:
18655 Madrone Parkway #180
Morgan Hill, CA 95037
Tel: 408-776-7896 • Fax: 408-776-7496
www.americanpredator.com
For more info contact: info@americanpredator.com
■ Powered by the Intel® Pentium® M/ Celeron® M processor and Intel® 855GME
chipset (400 MHz front-side bus)
■ Two (2) DIMM sockets support up to 2 GB of DDR 333/266 SDRAM (supports
both ECC and non-ECC memory modules)
■ One (1) 32-bit PCI slot and one (1) Mini-PCI (PCI 2.2 33/32 MHz connector Type III)
■ Integrated Intel® Extreme Graphics 2, AC'97 sound and Gigabit Ethernet
■ Two (2) serial ATA connectors (150 MBps)
■ Five- to eight-year production life-cycle guarantee
RSC #10301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
VMETRO Transtech
Boards
Processors
VPF1 Dual PowerPC, Dual Virtex-II Pro FPGA VME Card
The VPF1 is a 6U VME64x card that supports VITA41 backplane switch
fabric communications via VXS over P0. The VPF1 comprises four processor nodes: two 1 GHz PowerPC 7447A CPUs, and two Xilinx XC2VP70
Virtex-II Pros. Each processor has fully distributed memory, and each
FPGA supports multiple inter-node communication channels. These
channels bind together local processors and those on separate boards
for seamless and scalable processing. A PMC site, GigE, and P2 resources
enable IO. VPF1 cards are available in air-cooled or conduction-cooled
builds, enabling easy migration from development to production.
A comprehensive suite of PowerPC and FPGA tools facilitate rapid
development and deployment.
FEATURES:
1880 Dairy Ashford, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77077
Tel: 281-584-0728 • Fax: 281-584-9034
■
■
■
■
■
■
2x PowerPC 7447 CPU nodes and 2x Xilinx Virtex-II Pro FPGA nodes
VXS compatible
8x 2.0-3.125 Gbps off-board serial communications channels
Ethernet, RS-232, RS-422
64-bit, 66 MHz PMC site for local I/O
Air-cooled and rugged, conduction-cooled build variants
vmetro.com
For more info contact: info@vmetro.com
RSC #10302 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 103
Boards
Processors
Diamond Systems Corporation
Athena
The new Athena CPU from Diamond Systems combines the lowpower VIA Eden processor (400-660 MHz) with onboard memory and
data acquisition into a new compact form factor measuring only
4.2" x 4.5". The result is a small, low-heat dissipation, and extremely
rugged embedded CPU that fits in tight spaces. Onboard 128 MB RAM,
LCD + CRT video, AC97 audio, four USB ports, four serial ports, a 16-bit
low-noise data acquisition circuit, and extended temperature operation
make Athena an all-in-one, complete embedded solution for demanding applications. Athena is customizable for harsh environment applications with features like latching connectors, hardwired configuration,
and conformal coating.
FEATURES:
■ Single-board solution: Integrated CPU + data acquisition provides smaller size
and increased reliability
■ Low-power VIA Eden processor for high performance with reduced power: 400
MHz/10 W/fanless, 660 MHz/12 W/fan
■ Integrated LVDS LCD, CRT, Ethernet, four RS-232, four USB 1.1, PS/2 keyboard/
mouse
■ Data acquisition features include 16 16-bit A/D, four 12-bit D/A, 24 digital I/O,
two counter/timers
■ Rugged design: -40 °C to +85 °C operation, memory soldered on board; proven
use in military and aerospace applications
■ Operating system compatibility: Linux, QNX, VxWorks, Windows 2000/XP/XPe/
CE .NET, DOS
Boards
Processors
8430-D Central Avenue
Newark, CA 94560
Tel: 510-456-7800 • Fax: 510-456-7878
www.diamondsystems.com
For more info contact: techinfo@diamondsystems.com
RSC #10401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Diamond Systems Corporation
Hercules-EBX
Hercules introduces a new level of integration in EBX format CPUs.
Combining processor, data acquisition, and power supply onto one
board results in a thinner, more rugged, and easier-to-assemble embedded system. This 3-in-1 design addresses the needs of mobile and vehicle
applications by offering reduced size, weight, cost, and power consumption. Hercules integrates a Pentium-III class processor, professionalquality analog I/O circuit with autocalibration, and wide-input DC/DC
power supply onto a single EBX format board measuring 5.75" x 8.00".
Hercules is customizable for harsh environments with features such as
latching connectors, hardwired configuration, and conformal coating.
FEATURES:
■ Single-board solution: Integrated CPU + data acquisition + power supply provides
smaller size and increased reliability
■ Low-power VIA Eden processor for high performance with reduced power:
550 MHz/10 W/fan-less, 750 MHz/13 W/fan
■ Integrated S3 Savage 4 video, LVDS LCD, CRT, AC97 audio, four RS-232/485, four
USB 1.1, PS/2 keyboard/mouse
■ Data acquisition: 32 16-bit A/D, 4 12-bit D/A, 40 digital I/O; Power supply: 5-28
VDC input, 40 W output power
■ Rugged design: -40 °C to 85 °C operation, memory soldered on board; proven use
in military and aerospace applications
■ Operating system compatibility: Linux, QNX, VxWorks, Windows 2000/XP/XPe/
CE .NET, DOS
104 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
8430-D Central Avenue
Newark, CA 94560
Tel: 510-456-7800 • Fax: 510-456-7878
www.diamondsystems.com
For more info contact: techinfo@diamondsystems.com
RSC #10402 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
Processors
Arcom
APOLLO – EBX Intel Pentium M/Celeron M SBC
The APOLLO uses the Intel® Pentium® M processor to offer the best
combination of high-performance computing features with the
lowest power dissipation. This single board computer can be fitted
with the Intel® Pentium® M or Intel® Celeron M processors with speed
options from 600 MHz to 2.1 GHz. The combination of Enhanced
Intel SpeedStep® Technology and the Intel 855GME/ICH4 chipset
ensures that the board is ideal for compact systems with restricted
ventilation and can be used to create extremely high-performance,
fan-less systems. All these features are incorporated onto an industry
standard EBX board with standard connectors for many of the I/O
connections.
The APOLLO includes a hot-swap CompactFlash (CF+) socket for use
with memory and I/O cards (Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, modem, and memory
cards). The single, PCI 2.2-compliant slot can be used to drive a threeslot PCI riser card for compact system integration.
The APOLLO is fitted with an ATMEL Trusted Platform Module (TPM)
device for use in applications that require a high level of software
security and tight control of application code execution.
The board also includes a tamper detect input, which operates with
or without main power applied, and a simple LCD character display
interface for systems without a traditional VGA display.
The APOLLO is ideally suited for low-power, high-density server racks,
1U and 2U systems with fan-less passive cooling, and rugged, secure
computing installations.
FEATURES:
■ Intel Pentium M/Celeron M processor options from
600 MHz to 2.13 GHz
■ Industry standard EBX format
■ Up to 1 GB DDR DRAM
■ Dual 10/100Base-Tx Ethernet ports or 10/100Base-Tx
plus a 1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet port
■ IEEE-1394 FireWire port for high-performance video
applications
■ Four serial ports – (2x) RS-232, (1x) RS-232/IrDA, (1x)
RS-232/422/485
■ Six USB 2.0 ports
■ Fan-less operation – up to +65 °C
■ Enhanced security features including tamper detect and
support for trusted computing via a TPM device
■ PCI and hot-swap CompactFlash (CF+) port expansion
■ Display output for analog CRT and/or LVDS, supporting
dual independent displays; also, expansion for DVI or
secondary CRT
■ Audio CODEC with six-channel surround sound support
7500 West 161st Street
Overland Park, KS 66085
Tel: 913-549-1000 • Fax: 913-549-1002
www.arcom.com
For more info contact: us-sales@arcom.com
RSC #10501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 105
Boards
Processors
KineticSystems Company, LLC
Powerful, Feature-Rich Interfaces & VXI Controllers
KineticSystems provides computer interfaces and VXI controllers for
high-performance data acquisition, control, and ATE systems.
Choose from one of KineticSystems’ PowerPC-based VXI slot-0 controllers, or the new V153 VXI slot-0 controller featuring a high performance
Pentium® 4 embedded processor.
Complete Fiber-optic Interface Systems (FOXI™) are available to support
distances between nodes up to 2 km (6560 ft.) with an I/O throughput
up to 10 MB/s. The FOXI system includes a V122 FOXI PCI Host Adapter
that is capable of linking up to 126 V120 VXI Slot-0 controllers via a
fiber-optic highway.
FEATURES:
Also available is the V15x VME to VXI carrier/adapter card.
■ V151, V152, V154: Single-width, C-size, slot-0 controllers with embedded
PowerPC processors
■ V153: New high-performance Pentium 4-based slot-0 controller with
1.7 GHz and 2.2 GHz clock options
■ Includes Ethernet, RS-232 serial port, real-time clock, timers, and counters
■ Two PMC card options for fast/wide SCSI, IEEE 488, fast Ethernet, USB, etc.
■ V15x: C-size carrier used to convert VME controllers into slot-0 VXI controllers;
also compatible with other VME modules
■ FOXI: PCI host interface and one or more high-performance controllers connected
via a 10 MB/s fiber-optic highway
900 North State Street
Lockport, IL 60441
Tel: 815-838-0005 • Fax: 815-838-4424
www.kscorp.com
For more info contact: mkt-info@kscorp.com
RSC #10601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Boards
Processors
Innovative Integration
SBC6713e
SBC6713e is a high-performance, flexible, standalone DSP board with
Ethernet connectivity, loaded with I/O peripherals. Built around the
powerful, C-friendly, 300 MHz floating point C6713 DSP, it is a fully
open platform with 15+ OMNIBUS off-the-shelf daughtercards available
that provide a wide choice of A/D and D/A and also support simple
EMIF bus interfacing to custom I/O daughtercards. TCP/IP is running on
a dedicated DM642 coprocessor to preserve the C6713 for user code
and other peripheral controls. System-level integration is facilitated with
onboard digital I/O, DDS time base, external clock input, multi-card sync,
FPDP port data links, 2 MB Flash ROM, and watchdog.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
300 MHz TMS320C6713DSP (Floating Point)
Two OMNIBUS I/O expansion sites
10/100Base-T Ethernet, RS-232 port
FPDP data port to 200 MBps
Capable of 100 percent standalone operation
600 K gate Spartan-IIE for user code (optional)
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #10602 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
106 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Mass storage
Complete packaged system
Phoenix International
Phalanx SAN – Fibre Channel Storage Area Network
Phoenix’s Fibre Channel SAN System delivers the advantages of a Storage
Area Network – increased data accessibility, performance, speed, ease of
data management, and scalability to meet increasing data storage needs
– with a high-performance, fault-tolerant system of redundant components and subsystems for total system reliability. The basic Phalanx
Fibre Channel SAN Storage System features a 2 Gb Fibre Channel fabric
switch, with an eight-port (expandable to 64 ports) configuration and
1 TB of RAID data storage (expandable to 60+ TB). In addition, the system supports multiple operating systems and seamless backup capabilities to multiple archival devices.
FEATURES:
■ 4U ruggedized 200 MBps dual port RAID system
■ Stackable Fibre Channel switch; eight 2 Gb Fibre Channel ports scalable in
four-port increments to 64 ports
■ 1 TB storage capacity expandable to 60+TB
■ Redundant, hot-swap power supplies and cooling fans
■ Management GUI and failover software
■ Optional transit/op case
812 W. Southern Avenue
Orange, CA 92865
Tel: 800-203-4800 • Fax: 714-283-1169
www.phenxint.com
For more info contact: amos3@phenxint.com
#10702 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
RSC #10701
NEW!
PRODUCT CATALOGS
NOW AVAILABLE
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 107
Mass storage
Complete packaged system
McObject LLC
eXtremeDB In-Memory Embedded Database
To support modern warfighting, Military-Aerospace (MilAero) systems
must manage tremendous volumes of data, including tactical information, navigation data, system status, and more. Consequently, MilAero
systems have evolved into substantial computing platforms that are
tightly integrated and continuously share information, both internally
and with other systems. This presents multifaceted data management
requirements, including high performance, concurrent access, high
availability, complex searching, and reliability.
eXtremeDB, a Commercial Off-the-Shelf (COTS) database, is playing
a growing role in helping MilAero developers meet the need for a realtime, in-memory database with high availability capability. Many firms,
including Boeing, EADS, and SAIC, have found that the performance,
reliability, and time-to-market benefits of a proven database justifies
the cost.
FEATURES:
■ In-memory; no file system required
■ Embedded (not a client/server architecture)
■ Blazingly fast – the in-memory embedded architecture
yields micro-second transactions, even on modest
hardware
■ High availability, implemented via a time-cognizant twophase commit protocol
■ Optional transaction logging module for persistent data
■ Optional SQL interface
■ Tiny code size, starting from just 50 KB
■ Very efficient storage manager – typical overhead is
just 15-40 percent (meaning 1 MB of data needs just
1.15-1.4 MB of memory)
■ No dynamic memory allocation; suitable for the most
stringent safety requirements
■ Highly portable; written in ANSI C, with no dependence
on the C runtime library; eXtremeDB can even run without
an RTOS!
■ XML interface to simplify data exchange with other
XML-enabled systems
■ Developer friendly – creates a type-safe, intuitive
programming interface with extensive error checking to
speed development
Technological advances have made the use of “real” databases an
option in embedded MilAero systems. An in-memory embedded
database operates near the speed of RAM access and eliminates the
unpredictable latency accompanying file I/O and inter-process communication. In addition, with "eager, 2-safe" replication implemented
via a time-cognizant protocol, in-memory data management offers
the unsurpassed reliability of a high availability system with redundancy and failover capability, which can be further enhanced by the
use of nonvolatile RAM (NVRAM).
When considering data management for MilAero equipment,
developers and engineering managers must inspect potential solutions at multiple levels. Database architecture must be streamlined and
provide the performance needed for real-time systems. Maintaining
data availability in the face of hardware or software failure must be
addressed, usually with a redundant solution. Finally, developers must
understand their database at the programmatic level, making source
code availability a prerequisite.
To learn more about eXtremeDB or to obtain an evaluation copy, contact a McObject representative today.
22525 SE 64th Place, Suite 302
Issaquah, WA 98027
Tel: 425-831-5964 • Fax: 425-831-1542
www.mcobject.com
For more info contact: info@mcobject.com
RSC #10801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
108 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Red Rock Technologies, Inc.
Mass storage
Solid state
RRT-1DVW-LW
SCSI DVD-RW drive
This module provides a transparent interface from the ultra-wide SCSI
LVD bus to the low-profile DVD-RW ATAPI interface drive. Modes of
operation include DVD-RW, DVD-ROM, CD-RW, CD-R, and CDROM.
The DVD-RW drive may be accessed as a standard SCSI device. SCSI bus
signals are available at P2 and front panel connectors. Only power is
taken from the VMEbus.
These modules provide a high-capacity field replaceable unit for
removable DVD-RW, DVD, CD-RW, and CDROM media.
SCSI termination is provided within the unit. The SCSI interface is fully
configurable for 8-bit, single-ended and SCSI-2 compatibility.
FEATURES:
14429 N. 73rd Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
Tel: 480-483-3777 • Fax: 480-483-8885
www.RedRockTech.com
■ Enables usage of removable, re-writable, durable DVD-RW and CD-RW media in
the field
■ VMEbus form factor occupies one 6U slot; CompactPCI version available
■ Ultra-wide SCSI LVD interface available at front panel and P2 connectors
■ Can be configured for 8-bit, single-ended and/or SCSI-2 operation, thus
supporting legacy systems
■ Front panel status and activity LEDs
■ P2 cable adapter panel available
For more info contact: info@redrocktech.com
RSC #10901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Red Rock Technologies, Inc.
Mass storage
Solid state
RRT-1SP-LW
SCSI to PCMCIA adapter
This adapter provides a transparent interface from the ultra-wide SCSI
LVD bus to removable PCMCIA storage devices, and optionally to a fixed
2.5" ATA Flash or hard drive.
PCMCIA devices and optional 2.5" drive may be accessed as separate
SCSI logical units. SCSI bus signals are available at P2 and front panel
connectors. Only power is taken from the VMEbus.
These modules provide a high-capacity field replaceable unit capable of
withstanding higher shock and vibration environments.
SCSI termination is provided within the unit. The SCSI interface is fully
configurable for 8-bit, single-ended and SCSI-2 compatibility.
FEATURES:
14429 N. 73rd Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
Tel: 480-483-3777 • Fax: 480-483-8885
www.RedRockTech.com
■ Two hot swappable PCMCIA card slots plus an optional fixed ATA hard drive or
Flash drive
■ VMEbus form factor occupying one 6U slot; CompactPCI version available
■ Ultra-wide SCSI LVD interface available at front panel and P2 connectors
■ Can be configured for 8-bit, single-ended and/or SCSI-2 operation, thus
supporting legacy systems
■ Front panel status and activity LEDs
■ P2 cable adapter panel available
For more info contact: info@redrocktech.com
RSC #10902 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 109
Mass storage
Solid state
Targa Systems
Series 4 Removable Flash Disk DTU
Targa Series 4 DTU (Data Transfer Unit) is the perfect Network Attached
Storage (NAS) device for your military and aerospace systems, replacing
server attached storage in most airborne platform application systems.
These systems include flight management, cockpit instrument display,
terrain awareness, and warning, map systems, radar systems, cockpit/
ground communications, navigation positioning, and satellite communications. The removable disk feature of the Series 4 product line enables
easy updating of files.
The Series 4 is the ideal removable storage solution when your
requirements include high-capacity storage and fast data transfer
speeds.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Small, lightweight, rugged construction providing reliable data storage
Locking access door with door open detect and shutdown
Capacities up to 36 GB in a compact, removable, rugged 2.5" Flash disk
Interfaces: SCSI-2; SCSI-3, USB, ATA, MIL-STD-1553, and Ethernet
Data transfer rates: > 18 MBps
Input power: +28 VDC or +5 VDC
2081 Merivale Road, Suite 200
Ottawa, ON K2G 1G9
Tel: 704-708-4720 • Fax: 704-708-4722
www.targasystems.com
For more info contact: sales@targasystems.com
RSC #11001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Mass storage
Solid state
Targa Systems
Targa Series 3 PC Card DTU
Targa Series 3 PC Card Data Transfer System is the perfect Network
Attached Storage (NAS) device for your military and aerospace systems,
replacing server attached storage in most airborne platform application
systems.
These systems include flight management, cockpit instrument
display, terrain awareness and warning, map systems, radar systems,
cockpit/ground communications, navigation positioning, and satellite
communications.
With PC card capacities now at 8 GB, the removable PC card feature
of the Series 3 product line enables easy updating of files.
FEATURES:
■ Small, lightweight, and rugged construction provides reliable data storage
■ PC cards (ATA) capacities: up to 8 GB
■ Interfaces: SCSI-2; 8-bit, single-ended Serial RS-422/485 and RS-232, MIL-STD1553, USB, and 10/100Base-T Ethernet
■ Locking access door with door open detect and PC card shutdown
■ Input power: +28 VDC with 20 ms holdup, or +5 VDC
■ Mounting:
– Panel mount – (DZUS) per MS25212C at K=4
– Internal mount – 3.5"-disk form factor; hard mount with robust door
2081 Merivale Road, Suite 200
Ottawa, ON K2G 1G9
Tel: 704-708-4720 • Fax: 704-708-4722
www.targasystems.com
For more info contact: sales@targasystems.com
RSC #11002 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
110 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Mass storage
Solid state
Targa Systems
VME25 & CPCI25 Conduction-Cooled Flash Disks
Targa’s solid-state Flash disk module has been specifically designed to
replace hard disk drives in rugged and environmentally demanding
applications. The single-slot board, incorporating the same Flash disk
technology as Targa’s solid state 2.5" disk products, is currently available
in the VME and CompactPCI form factors, in both convection-cooled
and conduction-cooled versions.
The boards are a ruggedized, high-reliability, solid-state design with no
moving parts. Flash memory with capacities up to 30 GB are available in
this single-slot form factor.
FEATURES:
2081 Merivale Road, Suite 200
Ottawa, ON K2G 1G9
Tel: 704-708-4720 • Fax: 704-708-4722
■ Ruggedized, high-reliability, solid-state design, no moving parts
■ Up to 30 GB of Flash memory in a single-slot form factor
■ Interfaces – USB, SCSI-1, SCSI-2 & SCSI-3 (ultra) compatible, 8-bit (SCSI
narrow), ATA, memory map I/O
■ Single slot – 6U VME, 6U CompactPCI, 3U CompactPCI
■ Write protect and high-speed erase features
■ MTBF: 500,000 hrs (MIL-STD-217, GB)
www.targasystems.com
For more info contact: sales@targasystems.com
RSC #11101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Mass storage
Solid state
Red Rock Technologies, Inc.
RRT-1SFA-LW
SCSI Flash drive
Red Rock Technologies’ RRT-1SFA-LW provides a transparent interface
from the ultra-wide SCSI LVD bus to 2.5" ATA Flash drives.
Capacities up to 64 GB are available in a single 6U VMEbus slot.
Drives are addressable as one large disk or may be accessed as separate
SCSI logical units. SCSI bus signals are available at P2 and front panel
connectors. Only power is taken from the VMEbus.
These modules provide a high-capacity field replaceable unit capable of
withstanding higher shock and vibration environments.
SCSI termination is provided with the unit. The SCSI interface is fully
configurable for 8-bit, single-ended and SCSI-2 compatibility.
FEATURES:
14429 N. 73rd Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
Tel: 480-483-3777 • Fax: 480-483-8885
www.RedRockTech.com
■ Capacity up to 64 GB; no additional software is required for operation as a SCSI
bootable drive
■ VMEbus form factor occupies one 6U slot; CompactPCI version available
■ Ultra-wide SCSI LVD interface available at front panel and P2 connectors
■ Can be configured for 8-bit, single-ended and/or SCSI-2 operation, thus
supporting legacy systems
■ Front panel status and activity LEDs
■ P2 cable adapter panel available
For more info contact: info@redrocktech.com
RSC #11102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 111
Mass storage
Magnetic HDD
Red Rock Technologies, Inc.
RRT-1SHA-LW
SCSI hard drive
Model RRT-1SHA-LW provides a transparent interface from the ultrawide SCSI LVD bus to 2.5" ATA hard drives.
Capacities up to 240 GB are available in a single 6U VMEbus slot.
Drives are addressable as one large disk or may be accessed as separate
SCSI logical units. SCSI bus signals are available at P2 and front panel
connectors. Only power is taken from the VMEbus.
These modules provide a high-capacity field replaceable unit capable of
withstanding higher shock and vibration environments.
SCSI termination is provided with the unit. The SCSI interface is fully
configurable for eight-bit, single-ended and SCSI-2 compatibility.
FEATURES:
Capacity up to 240 GB
VMEbus form factor occupies one 6U slot; CompactPCI version available
Ultra-wide SCSI LVD interface available at front panel and P2 connectors
Can be configured for 8-bit, single-ended and/or SCSI-2 operation, thus
supporting legacy systems
■ Front panel status and activity LEDs
■ P2 cable adapter panel available
■
■
■
■
14429 N. 73rd Street
Scottsdale, AZ 85260
Tel: 480-483-3777 • Fax: 480-483-8885
www.RedRockTech.com
For more info contact: info@redrocktech.com
RSC #11201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Mass storage
Magnetic HDD
Phoenix International
VF2-350-SCW-RHD Removable Hard Drive
The new VF2-350-SCW-RHD is a high-capacity/high-performance
product specially designed to provide portability and security in
transporting large amounts of data from capacity-hungry applications
including mission planning, data acquisition, image processing, raw
data analysis, and software development. It incorporates up to a 300
GB, 10 K RPM, hot-swap, wide ultra-SCSI hard disk drive mounted in a
standard VME two-slot, 6U plug-in module. Phoenix International, an
SDVOSB, is the only manufacturer of VME data storage products that is
ISO 9001:2000 certified. The company has a 10-year industry reputation
for consistent delivery of rugged COTS VME data storage solutions.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Hot swap 10 K RPM hard disk drive with capacities from 36 GB to 300 GB
Transparent to any operating system
SCSI connect via front-panel and/or backplane P2 connector
Sensiterm: automatic internal bus termination
Rugged steel construction
1,400,000 hour MTBF
812 W. Southern Avenue
Orange, CA 92865
Tel: 800-203-4800 • Fax: 714-283-1169
www.phenxint.com
For more info contact: amos3@phenxint.com
RSC #11202 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
112 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Middleware/Software
Other
HelloSoft Inc.
HelloSoft Configurable and Mobile Wi-Fi Solutions
HelloSoft’s Configurable Wi-Fi Solutions for IEEE standards include
802.11a, b, g, e, and i. These solutions are completely hardware/software partitionable and configurable to adapt to customer architectures.
HelloSoft’s Wi-Fi solutions are available in five potential combinations:
- PHY and MAC in software
- PHY in RTL and MAC in software
- PHY and security algorithms in RTL; rest of MAC in software
- PHY, security algorithms, CP engine, and frag/defrag in RTL;
partial MAC in software
- PHY and MAC in RTL
HelloSoft’s Mobile WLAN solution is a unique ultra-low-power 802.11
implementation for mobile devices. It is ideal for devices that require
power-efficient Wi-Fi implementations.
FEATURES:
2099 Gateway Place, Suite 200
San Jose, CA 95110
Tel: 408-441-7110 • Fax: 408-436-7450
www.hellosoft.com
For more info contact: info@hellosoft.com
RSC #11301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
■ Completely configurable hardware or software WLAN solution; customizable
implementation to adapt to customer architectures
■ Ideal for proprietary high-security-enabled Wi-Fi implementations; portable to
any CPU or DSP architecture
■ Increased range and improved bit-error performance
■ Highly optimized hardware with low gate counts; ideal for applying WLAN to
cameras, imaging devices, handsets, and mobile devices
■ Interoperability tested; passes MAC/LLC conformance tests; exceeds IEEE
channel model performance metrics
■ Ultra-low-power and ultra-low-cost Wi-Fi implementations
Middleware/Software
Other
HelloSoft Inc.
HelloSoft RISC-Only VoIP and VoWLAN Software Solutions
HelloVoice™ is a highly optimized RISC-only VoIP software solution
designed specifically for IP handsets, ATAs, mobile phones, carrier edge
equipment, and other VoIP clients. It incorporates a comprehensive
VoIP software stack with all necessary media processing, signaling, SIP,
echo cancellation, jitter buffer, and framework elements as an integrated solution. HelloVoice™ is designed using a modular and separable
system architecture that enables portability to different OS/RTOS and
processor architectures. HelloSoft VoWLAN is an optimized extention of
HelloVoice™ for ultra-low-power chordless IP handsets and consumer
devices. HelloVoice™ is a solution-of-choice by major OEMs/ODMs.
FEATURES:
2099 Gateway Place, Suite 200
San Jose, CA 95110
Tel: 408-441-7110 • Fax: 408-436-7450
www.hellosoft.com
■ Single RISC-only Implementation; all networking, control, and “DSP” components
run on a single ARM processor
■ Field deployed and proven for handsets, ATAs, carrier edge equipment, and
other VoIP clients
■ Industry-best performance for media processing algorithms on RISC processors
■ VoIP solution-of-choice by major OEMs/ODMs and semiconductor manufacturers
■ Ultra-low-power and ultra-low-cost Voice-over-WLAN architecture
■ Designed for portability to different OS/RTOS and processor architectures;
modular and separable system architecture
For more info contact: info@hellosoft.com
RSC #11302 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 113
Middleware/Software
Development environment/Tools
Synplicity, Inc.
Technology-Independent DSP Synthesis from Simulink® to FPGA
DSP designers are increasingly targeting FPGAs for implementation
of their high-performance DSP designs. FPGAs can achieve an order
of magnitude performance boost over standard DSP chips through
efficient and parallel implementation of DSP functions. Until now
there has been no good way to get a design specified at the algorithm
level from tools such as Simulink® by The MathWorks, into high-quality RTL code.
Synplify® DSP software is a true DSP synthesis solution and the only
one that performs high-level DSP optimizations from a Simulink specification. These special DSP optimizations allow designers to capture
the behavior needed for their DSP algorithm without worrying about
the specific implementation in hardware. The Synplify DSP solution
automatically produces a highly optimized, technology-independent
implementation of the design ready for RTL synthesis into your choice
of FPGA device.
FEATURES:
■ Fully integrated fixed-point blockset of common DSP
functions useful for many DSP applications, such as
Software Defined Radio
■ User-extensible DSP IP library for custom functions
■ DSP synthesis toolbox for optimizing both performance
and area (cost) using unique system-level retiming and
folding technology
■ Access to the full range of algorithm development and
analysis tools within Simulink
■ Waveform portability for quickly targeting your choice of
FPGA hardware from a single Simulink design
■ Floating-point to fixed-point conversion and analysis
■ Synthesizable RTL code and test-bench is automatically
created from a Simulink specification
For more information about Synplicity’s Synplify DSP solution, visit our
website at http://www.synplicity.com/products/synplifydsp/index.html
or e-mail info@synplicity.com.
600 W. California Avenue
Sunnyvale, CA 94086
Tel: 408-215-6000 • Fax: 408-222-0268
www.synplicity.com
For more info contact: info@synplicity.com
RSC #11401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
114 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Innovative Integration
Middleware/Software
Development environment/Tools
Pismo Toolset
The Pismo Toolset is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art collection of
software tools and libraries used in the development of applications
for Innovative Integrations's Matador and Velocia Series of DSP boards.
Pismo covers all the aspects of a new DSP project.
Pismo is used in conjunction with Code Composer Studio, Texas
Instruments’ integrated development environment, for code editing,
compiling/linking, downloading, and hardware-assisted debugging via
JTAG. Downloading is also possible over the PCI bus (without JTAG)
simply by running our download utility.
FEATURES:
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
■ Target DSP example programs in source form with project files for
Code Composer Studio
■ Sample applications showing host PC as well as target DSP coding techniques
■ 300+ function DSP and peripheral control library with full source code
■ Online Windows help file with hypertext cross references
■ One full year of hot-line technical support
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #11501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Quantum3D, Inc.
Middleware/Software
Development environment/Tools
IData™ Advanced Human Machine Interface Tool Suite
The IData suite of powerful, cost effective, PC-based Human Machine
Interface (HMI) tools enables rapid prototyping, development, and
deployment of dynamic, interactive, cross-platform 2D and 3D OpenGLbased HMIs for embedded systems, data display, and simulation applications. IData dramatically reduces development time and integration
efforts enabling developers to move seamlessly between prototype/
simulation environments and deployed systems under desktop and
embedded operating systems. The optional IData3D module integrates
powerful 3D visualization capabilities, resulting in a powerful toolset
for the creation of innovative 2D/3D applications with unprecedented
portability.
FEATURES:
6330 San Ignacio Avenue
San Jose, CA 95119
Tel: 407-737-8800 Ext. 100 • Fax: 407-737-8801
www.quantum3d.com/products/Software/idata.html
For more info contact: salesinfo@quantum3d.com
■ Easy-to-use tool environment enables rapid prototyping, development,
and deployment
■ Support for industry-standard OpenGL and OpenGL ES for embedded systems
■ Built-in user interaction capabilities enable use of sophisticated
widget-based elements
■ Image/3D file import/display enables use of digital photographs and industry
standard imagery and 3D content creation tools
■ Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) symbology supports complex
behaviors, map/radar image download, and live video overlay
■ Supports Linux®, Microsoft® Windows, and Windows CE, Wind River vxWorks®,
and other embedded RTOS environments
RSC #11502 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 115
Middleware/Software
Graphical user interface
ACP
ThinManager – Thin Client Management Software
A Thin Client platform provides the most secure Windows environment
available. Secure servers support hundreds of clients, each displaying
only the data needed to perform a specific job. Access is only available
where expressly given.
Nuclear weapons labs, chemical agent disposal facilities, and nuclear
power plants all rely on ThinManager to keep them in strict compliance
and running 24 hours a day. It is not possible to store data on the Thin
Clients, and it is not possible to add a virus or unwanted application.
ThinManager makes the servers redundant and enables instant
replacement of any failed Thin Client device with no requirement for any
specific hardware vendor.
FEATURES:
■ Security – Data and applications never leave the secure server, and theft
of the Thin Client results in no data loss
■ Reliability – By deploying fault tolerant servers, every Thin Client gets the
benefits of redundancy without the expense
■ Interchangeable hardware – A Rockwell Thin Client can be replaced with a
Xycom without even losing the operator’s screen
■ Low bandwidth requirements – Only the display changes are sent to the Thin
Clients so updates can occur even at 9600 baud
■ Rapid deployment and software updates – Update the server, and every
connected Thin Client is immediately updated
■ Simplified maintenance – Servers are maintained by trained staff; Thin Clients
are simply installed wherever needed
Middleware/Software
Real-time operating systems
4080 McGinnis Ferry Road, # 801
Alpharetta, GA 30005
Tel: 678-990-0945 • Fax: 678-990-0951
www.acpthinclient.com
For more info contact: dhancock@acptc.com
RSC #11601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
EBS, Inc.
ERTFS Pro Plus
ERTFS is the most reliable, FAT32 high-performance, embedded FAT32 file
system. Deployed since 1987, it is used in hundreds of demanding military, scientific, industrial, and consumer applications.
ERTFS offers support for 64-bit files and state-of-the-art handling of
streaming data and digital video.
A 64-bit file interface shatters the 4 GB barrier making it possible to create files that could be 24 TB in length. In practice, files are large enough
for storing video and high-volume streaming data on today’s 100+ GB
disk drives. Failsafe operation eliminates volume corruption from power
failures and media removals.
FEATURES:
■
■
■
■
■
■
Looking for DO-178B partners.
Extremely low latency file seeks
Deterministic file IO operations
Programmer controlled pre-allocation of file extents
Volume defragmenter subsystem provided
High-speed data logging routines are available
64-bit files
39 Court Street
Groton, MA 01450
Tel: 978-842-4049
www.embeddedsoftware.com
For more info contact: sales@ebsembeddedsoftware.com
RSC #11602 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
116 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Ardence, Inc.
Middleware/Software
Real-time operating systems
RTX® – Real-time Embedded Software Solution for Windows®
RTX is a high-performance, deterministic, real-time solution for Windows
that provides unprecedented control, saves developers time, reduces
system costs, and gets products to market faster.
RTX enhances Windows’ universally adopted look/feel with features
that enable real-time determinism, better control, and unmatched
dependability. By offering a compliant Win32 API set, RTX application
portability is simplified between various Windows operating systems.
Get a free evaluation version of RTX at: https://eval.ardence.com/mes
Ardence is a global leader in designing and developing software
solutions that enhance the control, security, dependability, and
management of Windows.
FEATURES:
266 Second Avenue
Waltham, MA 01776
Tel: 800-334-8649 • Fax: 781-647-3999
https://eval.ardence.com/mes
■ Control Windows with deterministic memory management
■ Reduce system costs by eliminating the need for customized or specialized
platforms
■ Increase performance through the smallest footprint in the market and submicrosecond latency
■ Improve reliability with support of standardized x86 HALs – HALx86 as well as
PIC and APIC with ACPI
■ Speed time to market through intuitive development tools that easily integrate
into standard Windows IDE
For more info contact: info@ardence.com
RSC #11701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
TimeSys Corporation
Middleware/Software
Linux
Processor-Optimized TimeStorm® Linux Development Kits
Processor-optimized TimeStorm Linux Development Kits (LDKs) speed
and simplify development of systems based on PowerPC, MIPS, ARM,
and Intel architectures. Each certified and supported TimeStorm LDK
from TimeSys includes a complete processor-optimized 2.6 Linux distribution with platform-specific Linux features, ready-to-run target images
(kernel and file system), and the Eclipse 3.0-based TimeStorm® Linux
Development Suite (LDS) cross-development environment to facilitate
application development and platform customization on Windows or
Linux hosts.
FEATURES:
925 Liberty Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15222
Tel: 412-232-3250 • Fax: 412-232-0655
www.timesys.com
■ Certified and supported processor-optimized 2.6 Linux distributions for PowerPC,
MIPS, ARM, and Intel architectures
■ Platform-specific Linux features
■ Rich set of device drivers, network protocol stacks, and user-space applications
■ Pre-built, ready-to-run target kernel and root filesystem images
■ GNU toolchains to facilitate development and debugging of custom applications
■ Eclipse 3.0-based TimeStorm Linux Development Suite (LDS) cross-development
environment
For more info contact: info@timesys.com
RSC #11702 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Middleware/Software
Graphics software
Seaweed Systems, Inc.
SeaWind/178
Seaweed’s Seawind/178B product family comprises three scalable
product and service offerings for customers implementing 2D and
3D OpenGL graphics in DO-178B certifiable embedded systems for a
wide variety of operating sytems.
1. CertCode – is the software-only product providing the application
developer a scalable subset of the OpenGL API. It has been developed
from scratch by Seaweed to meet the standards of DO-178B level A
and offers an implementation ideally suited to critical applications.
2. CertKit – includes CertCode and additionally provides a kit of all of
the data and documentation required for the application developer to
generate the certification submission, including test procedures and a
full test harness. All data and documentation has been collected during Seaweed’s product development, and not reverse-engineered.
FEATURES:
■ Developed from scratch and certifiable under DO-178B to
Level A, so all artifacts are generated during the actual
development
■ Available already on a wide variety of target platforms
■ Low-risk, fixed-cost approach to DO-178B graphics
certification
■ Extremely small footprint OpenGL subset implementation
■ Low-complexity, linear code offers superlative
performance
■ Supports 2D and 3D applications
■ Integrates with leading RTOS tool chains, including:
VxWorks, VxWorks AE653, INTEGRITY, INTEGRITY-178,
and LynxOS-178
■ OpenGL ES safety-critical compatible
3. CertAssist – includes CertKit and offers a turnkey solution to certification. Seaweed Systems carries out the verification program on
representative target hardware and completes all the documentation
necessary to support customer application certification.
The COTS approach taken by Seaweed provides several benefits to its
customers. Seaweed’s products provide:
- Full life-cycle support and continued bug reporting (including
safety assessment reports for each bug) and bug fixes
- Distribution to multiple customers so each acquires the
leverage inherent in other customers’ use
- Support for multiple SBC/graphics-architectures/RTOS/APIsubsets
- Rapid availability, which has already been shipped on several
programs
- Fixed cost
SeaWind/178 is compact (small footprint) and comprises lowcomplexity linear code, making it more efficient than typical OpenGL
implementations.
21225 N.E. 132nd Court
Woodinville, WA 98077
Tel: 425-895-1721 • Fax: 425-895-9442
www.seaweed.com
For more info contact: info@seaweed.com
RSC #11801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Electronics packaging
Crane Aerospace & Electronics
Custom Microelectronics
From design to build-to-print, Crane Aerospace & Electronics has
the experience and expertise to fill your microelectronic out-sourcing
requirements. We provide prototype to production services with mixed
volume and blended technologies to fulfill our customer’s requirements. Our expertise in miniaturizing electronics results in increased
reliability, reduced costs, lower weight, and increased board density.
We manufacture high-density, high-reliability microelectronic products
for the space, aerospace, military, medical, industrial, and commercial
markets. We also provide microelectronics as standalone components,
on boards, and in boxes as part of our EMS custom offerings.
Our facilities are certified to quality standards ISO9001 and AS9100B. High-quality products are ensured by our established and qualified
processes and our trained, experienced, and certified operators.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics works with the customer to determine the package, quality, test, and project plan. Verification that the
product meets specification, transfer to new product manufacturing,
qualification, and final customer approval occur before the product is
released to full production.
Download our brochure at www.craneae.com/134.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics is a segment of Crane Co. that
includes ELDEC, General Technology, Hydro-Aire, Interpoint, Keltec,
Lear Romec, P.L. Porter, Resistoflex, and Signal Technology, all major
suppliers of critical aircraft and electronic systems and components. For more information on Crane Aerospace & Electronics, visit
www.craneae.com and for Crane Co., visit www.craneco.com. Crane
Co. is a diversified manufacturer of engineered industrial products.
FEATURES:
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Chip and wire with bare die assembly
Ball Grid Array (BGA) and µBGA
Flip chip
Chip on flex
Chip on board
Hermetically sealed metal packaging
Optoelectronic packaging
3D packaging
Obsolescence management
PO Box 97005
Redmond, WA 98073-9705
Tel: 866-283-0926 (425-895-4053) • Fax: 425-882-1990
www.craneae.com
For more info contact: electronics@craneae.com
RSC #11901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 119
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Electronics packaging
Hybricon Corporation
Electronic Cabinet System Solution
Three VME enclosures are installed in Hybricon Corporation’s electronic
cabinet system solution, which was designed using extensive thermal
analysis to ensure robust cooling. Custom air plenums above each VME
enclosure prevent preheated air from flowing from lower to upper
enclosures. Each plenum has a system alarm board and temperature
sensor mounted in the outlet side. Patented CoolSlot®, air-deflecting
card guides and nine 48 VDC fans in each enclosure provide cooling for
240 W per slot.
The cabinet is constructed with an open base panel, solid top panel, and
lift-off side panels with a fully vented front door and top vented rear
door. Mounting rails are standard "U-shape."
FEATURES:
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Houses three VME enclosures
Extensive thermal analysis
Custom air plenums prevent rise of preheated air
Each enclosure fitted with smoke detector and temperature sensors
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 1-877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
www.hybricon.com
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Electronics packaging
Hybricon Corporation
Military COTS Liquid-Cooled Enclosure Solution
Hybricon Corporation’s military COTS liquid-cooled enclosure
solution was designed for optimum cooling through the use of an airto-water heat exchanger. Three AC fans in a series mounted above the
card cage and a single heat exchanger fan provide a simulated average
airflow of 225 LFM per slot. The airflow path is arranged in a closed loop
through an air-to-water heat exchanger, which uses a 50/50 ethylene
glycol water mixture delivered at 3 GPM and 10 PSI. The enclosures are
configured with a 21-slot VME64x backplane mounted on slides for easy
access. Low acoustic and structureborne noise levels are achieved using
fans set in series and shock and vibration isolators.
FEATURES:
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Air-to-water heat exchange
Shock isolated system
Munson Road tested
Low acoustic noise
750 W embedded power supply
Patented CoolSlot®, air-deflecting card guides eliminate hot spots and improve
board cooling by as much as 50 percent
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 1-877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
www.hybricon.com
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12002 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
120 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Innovative Integration
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Electronics packaging
TOPO-6713
Packaged instruments built around the SBC6713e
This fully contained SBC6713e-based instrument core allows developers to rapidly deliver application specific instruments for a wide range
of signal capture, generation, and coprocessing applications.
Developers can now immediately focus on DSP software development
to customize the TOPO-6713e into a unique and flexible piece of instrumentation. It is equipped with two AD16 cards and provides 32 simultaneous 200 kHz A/D channels at 16-bit resolution. Data is digitized in
close proximity to the sensor array, can optionally be pre-processed on
the DSP, and flow continuously to a PC over Ethernet cable for viewing,
analysis, and logging.
FEATURES:
2655 Park Center Drive
Simi Valley, CA 93065
Tel: 805-520-3300 • Fax: 805-579-1730
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Instrument quality housing
Full autonomous operation
Instrument functions programmable with DSP
User-interface display and navigation key
Front-panel I/O connections
Rear panel Ethernet, DIO, and other ports
www.innovative-dsp.com
For more info contact: sales@innovative-dsp.com
RSC #12101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Hybricon Corporation
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Box-level purpose built
Airborne Video Processor System
This system designed by Hybricon Corporation enables the use
of multiple video processing cards in a high-altitude airborne
environment. An intelligent temperature control system maintains internal temperatures above 0 °C with minimal impact on the power budget.
The system was designed with both LED monitoring and optional remote
monitoring. EMI/RFI (MIL-STD-461-D) control is provided by honeycomb
filtering on all inlets and outlets and proper design of gasketing at all
metal seams. Front to rear, side cable passages, a recessed card cage, and
removable front cover provide complete cable management with tight
EMI/RFI containment.
FEATURES:
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
www.hybricon.com
■ FAA certified to airborne shock, vibration, and environmental requirements
■ Redundant power supplies increase system reliability
■ Integration of CPU/Carrier cards with multiple video and fiber-optic PMC and
IP modules
■ Complete cabling of copper and fiber interfacing
■ Internal heater and control system allows operation of integrated COTS content
below rated minimum operating temperatures
■ Intelligent temperature control and fan speed control with remote
monitoring options
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 121
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
ATR
Radstone Embedded Computing
Liquid-cooled ATR Solutions
Radstone ATR solutions have long been the benchmark by which
others are judged, mechanically without parallel, featuring
engineered-in quality and flexible enough to enable costeffective adaptation to program requirements. Now, with liquid
cooling, Radstone can decouple ATR cooling from the limitations of
the chassis’ immediate environment and push power dissipation levels
up to 1 kW. This represents a step increase in capability without the
need to sacrifice existing board level mechanics or maintenance procedures, and enables legacy boards to coexist with newer, high-power
processor, DSP, or graphics designs.
FEATURES:
■ Full COTS product set
■ Up to 1 kW dissipation
■ Accepts legacy and future conduction-cooled boards
compliant with IEEE 1101.2, ANSI/VITA 30.1
■ VMEbus and CompactPCI
■ Two architectural options:
– Plumbed into existing liquid-cooled infrastructure
– Standalone with HRU-1000R heat rejection unit
■ Suitable for use on any airborne, ground, or naval platform
For applications where a liquid-cooling infrastructure already exists,
Radstone offers a set of COTS ATR chassis based on either VME or
CompactPCI backplane architectures. Lightweight and cost-effective,
these chassis connect to the platform’s coolant supply by means of
quick-release valves. A wide range of liquids is supported including
polyalphaolefin (PAO) and ethylene glycol/water. Internally, each chassis has a modular power supply that can be specified to work from
either a +28 VDC source, 270 VDC or 115 Vac. PSU outputs can be
adjusted to match requirements.
For self-contained upgrades and original installations, the standard
COTS liquid-cooled ATR can be linked to a separate heat rejection unit
– the HRU-1000R. This heat rejection unit combines the necessary
liquid storage, pump, fans, heat exchanger, and control electronics in
a small, flight-worthy, one-half ATR short package.
Radstone liquid-cooled ATR solutions are backed up by a full systems
integration service and, as a program evolves, by class-leading obsolescence management and long-term support services.
50 Tice Boulevard
Woodcliff Lake, NJ 07677-7645
Tel: 800-368-2738 • Fax: 201-391-2899
www.radstone.com
For more info contact: sales@radstone.com
RSC #12201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
122 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
ATR
714 Series ATR Chassis
The 714 Series is an aluminum chassis that utilizes the dip brazing
fabrication process, which seals the enclosure and aids in its natural convection to conduct heat away from the boards and power
supply. Wedge lock guides secure the boards into the rack and provide a thermally conductive path for removing heat. Up to 135 W
can be expected from the power supply while the chassis is in a
50 °C ambient environment. The power supply plugs directly into the
backplane to eliminate the need for power cabling to the backplane.
The internal rack infrastructure supports the DIN mechanical specification, which enables the chassis to be fitted with VME64, VME64X, and
CompactPCI backplanes.
FEATURES:
10 Mupac Drive
Brockton, MA 02301
Tel: 508-588-6110 • Fax: 508-588-0498
www.gavazzi-computing.com
■ 3/4, 1, 1 Long, and 1-1/2 size conduction cooled, Air Transport Rack (ATR) chassis
■ Meets ARINC 404A/MIL-STD-91403
■ Accommodates VME64, VME64X, and CompactPCI backplanes; custom
backplane configurations are also available
■ Backplane I/O breakout area and direct plug-in power supply provides a more
rugged design by reducing the number of cables
■ Highest wattage available
■ Thermal simulation model available
For more info contact: info@gavazzi-computing.com
RSC #12301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Backplane
VXS Switch Fabric Backplanes
The VITA 41.x VXS backplane is designed for high-speed switch fabrics while maintaining J1 and J2 connections to support legacy VME64x
cards. This VXS backplane replaces the 95-pin J0 connector of the
VME64x with a MultiGig RT-2 high frequency connector for serial data
traffic. This 12-slot VXS backplane is set up in a dual star configuration
with two fabric switch slots and 10 VME64x payload slots. Each payload
slot supports two 4x serial links. One serial link is wired to the first switch
slot while the other is wired to the second switch slot. The two switch
slots are designed with Inter-Switch links.
FEATURES:
10 Mupac Drive
Brockton, MA 02301
Tel: 508-588-6110 • Fax: 508-588-0498
■ 12-slot VITA 41.0 VXS backplane
■ 10 VME64x payload slots
■ Two fabric switch slots
■ Dual star configuration
■ Inter-Switch links
■ SMT passive termination
www.gavazzi-computing.com
For more info contact: info@gavazzi-computing.com
RSC #12302 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Backplane
Hybricon Corporation
VME64 Extension High Current VITA 1.7 Backplanes
Hybricon Corporation’s high-power VME64x backplanes comply with
the VITA 1.7 high current standard for VME64x. Able to handle more
than 150 W per slot, VITA 1.7 provides a standardized way to implement high-power VME64x systems. These significantly increased current
levels require upgraded backplane designs to support the higher current
power connections.
The high-performance, low-noise VITA 1.7 backplanes are constructed
in a 12-layer stripline design for optimal signal integrity, with the outside
layers incorporating a chassis ground EMI shield. The backplanes have
been tested to meet the signal integrity requirement of 320 MBps data
transfer per ANSI/VITA 1.5 2eSST.
FEATURES:
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Complies with the ANSI/VITA 1.7 high current standard for VME64x
ANSI/VITA 5.1 Raceway compatibility guaranteed
12-layer construction ensures optimum signal performance
Patented stiffeners placed every three slots ensure board rigidity
High current internal ground planes
Easy-to-wire, 8-32 thread high current power studs
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 1-877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
www.hybricon.com
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Backplane
Hybricon Corporation
VXS Backplanes
Hybricon Corporation's VXS switch fabric backplanes are designed to
meet the latest VITA standards, including VITA 41.1 InfiniBand™, VITA
41.2 Serial RapidIO™, VITA 41.3 Gigabit Ethernet, and VITA 41.4 PCI
Express. These backplanes leverage Hybricon’s signal integrity analysis
and implementation experience to achieve the highest performance
with the VMEbus tested to 320 Mbps per VITA 1.5 2eSST.
The boards are constructed in a 20-layer, low-noise stripline design with
the outside layers incorporating a chassis ground EMI shield. The 21-slot
VXS backplanes provide two VITA 41.x fabric slots and up to 18 VITA
41.x payload slots with 4x links to two switch slots.
FEATURES:
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Compliant to the latest VXS switch fabric VITA standards
High performance, low noise
20-layer construction ensures optimum signal performance
InfiniBand™, Serial RapidIO™, Gigabit Ethernet, and PCI Express versions available
Stiffeners placed every two slots ensure board rigidity
Custom configurations available
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 1-877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
www.hybricon.com
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12402 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
124 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Carlo Gavazzi Computing Solutions
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Rugged chassis
794 Series 2U Rugged Platforms
Carlo Gavazzi’s 794 Series Rugged Militarized/Industrial Platform
provides the user with fault-tolerant features in a 2U package for military
applications.
Made of pre-plated steel, the 794 Series platform is rack-mountable,
consisting of a shock and vibration isolated sub-chassis to meet the
requirements of RTCA/DO 160D, MIL-STD-901D, and MIL-STD-167. It is
also fully shielded to meet the requirements of MIL-STD-461E. The 794
Series platform utilizes an electronics heater control system, which heats
the chassis to a safe operating temperature even in environments as low
as -40 °C, while also cooling in warmer environments via dual 44 CFM
12 VDC fans that pressurize from front to rear.
FEATURES:
10 Mupac Drive
Brockton, MA 02301
Tel: 508-588-6110 • Fax: 508-588-0498
www.gavazzi-computing.com
■ Designed to meet MIL-STD-901D, MIL-STD-810E, and others
■ Can be configured with any full- or half-size ATX motherboard and operating
system upon request
■ 3.5"/2U (H) x 19" (W) x 20" (D)
■ Lockable EMI tight cover
■ Dual redundant hot swap, 350 W power supply
■ Includes custom I/O rear panels, a front circuit breaker, an AC indicator, a time
meter, and a power supply fuse
For more info contact: info@gavazzi-computing.com
RSC #12501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Hybricon Corporation
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Rugged chassis
Military Ruggedized COTS Chassis
Hybricon Corporation’s ruggedized 8U rackmount enclosures provide
robust cooling in a compact stackable design. High-performance cooling
supports demanding high-power applications, delivering 310 LFM per
slot, sufficient cooling for 60 W per slot. Custom versions are available
with cooling up to 100 W per slot.
The RME821M enclosures are designed to meet MIL-STD-461 EMI
radiated and conducted emissions and susceptibility standards by using
gasketing at all seams, and 1"-thick honeycomb panels at both air
intake and exhaust openings. The enclosures are available with 21-slot
CompactPCI®, VME64x, VME, or VXS backplanes and up to 2100 W of
embedded power.
FEATURES:
12 Willow Road
Ayer, MA 01432
Tel: 1-877-HYBRICON • Fax: 978-772-2963
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High-quality ruggedized construction
Designed to meet military shock, vibration, and EMI standards
Cooling up to 100 W per slot
Compact 8U size
Designed to cool extremely dense CPU and DSP boards
Extensive chassis monitoring with external Ethernet and RS-232 interfaces
www.hybricon.com
For more info contact: info@hybricon.com
RSC #12502 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 125
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Rugged chassis
AP Labs
FS-1270 Rugged Rackmount Enclosure
The AP Labs FS-1270 is an 8U-tall, ruggedized VME enclosure designed
for 6U VME boards with an optional peripheral carrier available in
10- and 12-slot versions. The enclosure is provided with easy front loading access. The peripheral carrier is removable and mounts in the VME
cardcage. It can accommodate up to four 5.75" removable drive carriers. An 800 W power supply LRU is included with the chassis.
AP Labs designed the FS-1270 to meet MIL-S-901D in an isolated rack,
MIL-STD-810E, and MIL-STD-167-1 shock and vibration specifications
for severe environments. The FS-1270 meets typical MIL-STD-461 EMI
requirements. Optionally, the FS-1270 can be upgraded to meet MILSTD-108E for drip-proof requirements.
FEATURES:
■ Front-load, rugged, hard-mount chassis (10, 12, or 18 slots) –
19" (W) x 14" (H) x 22.1" (with fan = 24.1") (D); weight 85 lbs.
■ Available with VME64X, VME64X with J0, VME64 backplanes
■ Shock: MIL-STD-810, MIL-S-901D, Vibration: MIL-STD-167,
EMI/RFI: MIL-STD-461
■ Hinged front door for easy card access; removable peripheral carrier in 10- and
12-slot versions
■ Power supply LRU(s) with blind mating connector; (dual redundant power
supplies available)
■ Front-to-rear airflow; side-to-rear cooling is an available option
16868 Via Del Campo Court
San Diego, CA 92127
Tel: 858-674-2850 • Fax: 858-674-2869
www.aplabs.com
For more info contact: sales@aplabs.com
RSC #12601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Rugged chassis
Tracewell Systems Inc.
Tracewell S36 Rugged System Platform
Tracewell Systems, a leader in advanced rugged mobile systems, offers
the highly adaptable S36 for air, sea, and ground-based applications.
The MIL-STD-461 design uses a unique shielding method to support up
to 21, 6U boards. Power options include DC or AC input with added
capability for MIL-STD-704 compliance. Cooling for up to 100 W/slot
makes S36 ideal for next-generation processors. To meet low-weight
rugged requirements, optional advanced welded laminate construction
provides a very light, highly rigid platform. Remote system monitoring
is available, including standalone web-based control. The S36 also supports several standard backplane architectures or, if needed, full custom
architectures.
FEATURES:
■ Output power ranging from 400-2000 W, wide range AC (47-440 Hz) or
28/48/300 VDC input
■ High-capacity, forced air cooling for up to 100 W/slot; optional conduction or
fluid cooled designs available
■ Up to 21 slots, 3U or 6U, in VME64x, VXS, CompactPCI, full custom, or mixed
architecture
■ Remote monitoring, VFD/LCD display options, and control interfaces for
RS-232/485, Ethernet, or IPMI
■ MIL-STD 461, 704, 810, and 901 environments
■ Available thermal, EMC, and HALT/HASS qualification testing in-house
567 Enterprise Drive
Westerville, OH 43081
Tel: 800-848-4525 • Fax: 614-846-4450
tracewellsystems.com/products/tracewellS36vme64x.htm
For more info contact: sales@tracewell.com
RSC #12602 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
126 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Geotest-Marvin Test Systems, Inc.
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Rugged chassis
MTS 207 Rugged Field Test Set
The MTS-207 is a state-of-the-art portable PXI platform for field
testing and data acquisition applications. Its architecture is based on
the MTS-206 Maverick Field Test Set – the first PXI-based system to
be qualified and certified by the United States Air Force for munitions
testing. It combines the test capabilities of an I-Level test set in a compact, rugged, flight-line qualified enclosure.
The MTS-207 is ideal for use in harsh environmental conditions.
Its modular 14-slot PXI chassis is secured via five shock absorbers to
meet stringent shock and vibration requirements per MIL-STD-810.
The MTS-206 can be controlled by an optional integrated LCD display
and touch screen.
FEATURES:
Ultra-rugged and portable PXI platform for field and flight-line applications
Meets MIL-STD-810E requirements for harsh environmental conditions
Built-in, shock-mounted, 14-slot PXI chassis (seven 3U and seven 6U slots)
A wide range of PXI modules available to tackle any test or data
acquisition application
■ Optional touch-screen display; remote control and display unit (RCDU)
■ Optional heaters for extreme low-temperature operation and MIL-STD-461
compliance (EMI)
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17570 Cartwright Road
Irvine, CA 92614
Tel: 949-263-2222 • Fax: 949-263-1203
www.geotestinc.com
For more info contact: sales@geotestinc.com
RSC #12701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Tyco Electronics
Packaging/Mechanical chassis
Connectors
Tyco Connectors Support VITA 46
Tyco Electronics MULTIGIG RT-2, seven-row connector supports VITA
46 cards in both 3U and 6U format. It is a high-speed, “pinless”
backplane connector system. VITA 46 cards are PICMG 2.0 Rev. 3 air-cooledcompliant, O & I envelope, and are compatible with existing enclosures.
They are also compliant with the VITA 30.1 conduction-cooled form
factor and the new VITA 48 form factor. Vita 46 cards support PMC
sites, XMC backplane I/O, and contain an alignment and key block
with a robust mechanism to avoid pin stubbing. Each wafer within the
connector system contains a built-in “ESD” protection point, planned to
support Level 2 maintenance. Contact John at: jtlarkin@tycoelectronics.
com or call 717-592-2074.
FEATURES:
PO Box 3608
Harrisburg, PA 17105
Tel: 717-986-3438 OR 1-800-522-6752
Fax: 717-986-7575
Based on Tyco Electronics MULTIGIG RT-2, seven-row connector system
Depth fits enable typical stiffening bar and PMC
7-row, 16-wafer and 8-wafer construction
Power, differential, and single-ended wafers utilized to match system
requirements
■ Built-in ESD grounding protection
■ Robust alignment and keying system
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www.tycoelectronics.com
For more info contact: jtlarkin@tycoelectronics.com
RSC #12702 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 127
Other
Miscellaneous
Avalon Defense Ltd.
Electronic Initiator ADF-EI-xxx Series
Avalon Defense Ltd. has created a safe and reliable electronic
ignition device for the missile and rocket industry. This device can replace
older mechanical and electro-mechanical devices in many applications.
Onboard safety features include acceleration and output protection
circuitry. Charge and Fire times can be programmed along with
Fire Delay from (umbilical) separation. Other conditions can be defined
(contact us for details).
The device can be customized for your system and dimension requirements. An onboard microprocessor and serial port allow for simple
updates and changes. Charge and Fire voltages can be modified per
your specifications. The standard device is for initiating 1 Ω/1 A loads.
FEATURES:
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Onboard processor for control and conditional sequencing
Small size
Customization of dimensions available
Customization of charge and fire voltages available
Serial port for remote configuration and updates
Onboard power and charge indicators
Tel: 866-447-8643 • Fax: 866-447-8644
www.avalondefense.com
For more info contact: sales@avalondefense.com
RSC #12801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Other
Miscellaneous
Avalon Defense Ltd.
DigiSquib™ Digital Squib ADF-DSxx Series
The Avalon Defense DigiSquib™ offers a new concept in safe and reliable switching of power to electronic systems. The DigiSquib™ replaces
pyrotechnic switches in many applications and is reuseable.
The DigiSquib™ is initiated by supplying an external voltage for a
minimum time period. The DigiSquib™ has two control inputs, the
activation voltage and the protect override. The activation voltage initiates the DigiSquib™ operation, while the protect pin operates as a
safety/enable input. The protect input is only polled by the device for
a preprogrammed time period, after which the signal is ignored by the
device. The patented design includes redundant circuitry for added
safety.
FEATURES:
■ Rugged, safe, and reliable switch replaces pyrotechnic devices in most
applications
■ Reuseable; can be returned to non-active state; allows for safe “abort” sequence
■ Different devices for different power requirements
■ Successfully flight tested
■ Optional accelerometer for additional (conditional) safety and can be controlled
via serial port
■ Available in SMT or through-hole packages
Tel: 866-447-8643 • Fax: 866-447-8644
www.avalondefense.com
For more info contact: sales@avalondefense.com
RSC #12802 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Power conversion
DC-DC converter
Tri-M Systems, Inc.
HESC104 – 60 W Power Supply with Smart Battery Charging
The HESC104 provides 60 W total output power in a PC/104
form factor DC/DC power supply. All four common voltages
(+5 V, +12 V, -5 V, -12 V) are included for maximum versatility.
The HESC104 is specifically designed for vehicular or other mobile
applications and has heavy-duty transient suppressors (5000 W) that
clamp the input voltage to safe levels, while maintaining normal
power supply operation.
The HESC104 is perfect for low-noise embedded computer
systems and has a wide input range of 6 to 40 VDC that is ideal for
battery or unregulated input applications. Organic semiconductor
capacitors provide filtering that reduces ripple noises below 20 mV.
This low-noise design makes the HESC104 ideal for use aboard aircraft
or military applications or wherever EMI or RFI must be minimized.
Control of the HESC104 can be through the PC/104 header or the
optional serial port enabling full control for almost any configuration.
The HESC104 has a built-in smart charging circuit capable of
charging batteries supplied by Tri-M or any other source. It provides up
to four stages of battery charging and can charge Lead-Acid, NiCd, or
NiMH batteries and is also SMBus Level 3 compatible. Charge currents
are up to 4 A, and battery charging voltages range from 9.5-19.5
VDC. The HESC104 can be programmed to shut down based on a
user-defined set of conditions. Configuration software is provided to
define battery charging curves as well as control shut down operation.
Configuration settings are stored in an onboard EEPROM.
FEATURES:
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60 W output
Quad output voltage standard (+5V, +12V, -5V, -12V)
6-40 VDC input range
Reverse polarity input protection
High power, with smart charging and UPS functionality
9.5-19.5 VDC charging voltage
Multi-stage charging for SLA, NiCd, and NiMH battery
modules
Advanced power management functions
Extended temperature operation (-40 °C to +85 °C)
PC/104 form factor (3.55" x 3.75")
Also available in a serial control format (HESC-SER)
1407 Kebet Way, Unit 100
Port Coquitlam, BC V3C 6L3
Tel: 604-945-9565 • Fax: 604-945-9566
www.tri-m.com
For more info contact: info@tri-m.com
RSC #12901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Power conversion
DC-DC converter
Crane Aerospace & Electronics
Standard or Custom DC/DC Converters
Crane Aerospace & Electronics manufactures high-density, high-reliability, microelectronics and power conversion products for the aerospace,
space, military, medical, industrial, and commercial markets. We offer
more than 1,200 off-the-shelf power conversion products in addition
to custom manufacturing of microelectronics backed by more than 35
years of experience.
Our standard, off-the-shelf products feature DC/DC switching converters and EMI filters. These converters and filters are ideal for distributed
power systems and point-of-use applications where light weight, small
size, and high reliability are critical for program success. Inputs range
from 5-270 VDC with power levels from 1.5-260 W.
Many of our DC/DC converters offer an on/off (inhibit) function to
disable internal switching and a synchronization function to time the
switching cycles to an external voltage.
FEATURES:
Mil/Aero DC-DC converters 1-300 W
Space DC-DC converters 5-120 W
-55 °C to +125 °C operating temperature range for most products
Available qualified to Class H or Class K of MIL-PRF-38534
Associated converter products include EMI filters and hold-up
modules
■ 3.3-35 VDC outputs
■ 5-270 VDC inputs
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Options for our standard products include flanged or unflanged packages, different lead configurations, and different screening levels. Most
products operate over the full military temperature range of -55 °C to
+125 °C. Screening levels can be as minimal as standard screening or as
high-end as Class K (of MIL-PRF-38534) with a radiation hardness of R
(will survive up to 100 k Rads).
For more information and to download our datasheets, visit
www.craneae.com/135.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics is a segment of Crane Co. that includes
ELDEC, General Technology, Hydro-Aire, Interpoint, Keltec, Lear Romec,
P.L. Porter, Resistoflex, and Signal Technology, all major suppliers of critical aircraft and electronic systems and components. For more information on Crane Aerospace & Electronics, visit www.craneae.com and for
Crane Co., visit www.craneco.com. Crane Co. is a diversified manufacturer of engineered industrial products.
PO Box 97005
Redmond, WA 98073-9705
Tel: 866-283-0926 (425-895-4053) • Fax: 425-882-1990
www.craneae.com
For more info contact: electronics@craneae.com
RSC #13001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Avalon Defense Ltd.
Power conversion
DC-DC converter
High Efficiency, Multiple Output, DC/DC Power Supplies
Avalon Defense builds DC/DC power supply modules for the military and
industrial markets. All supplies operate with a nominal 28 VDC input
(most operate with a 40 VDC maximum input). Avalon Defense offers
single- and multiple-output DC/DC power supplies for embedded use.
Power supply modules are available in SMT or through-hole packages.
Temperature range is between -40 °C to +85 °C. These modules are constructed to survive abuse. Our power supply modules have been used in
rocket programs and survived ground impact.
Our standard modules have the following voltages: 15, 12, 5, 3.3, 2.5,
and 1.8 V. Current ratings for these supplies are up to 4 A per output.
Custom outputs are also available.
FEATURES:
■
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■
Rugged construction; small footprint
High-power/high-efficiency design
Four output voltage modules available
Up to 40 VDC input range
Operation between -40 °C to +85 °C
Input transient power protection and ESD protection (2 kV)
Tel: 866-447-8643 • Fax: 866-447-8644
www.avalondefense.com
For more info contact: sales@avalondefense.com
RSC #13101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Tracewell Systems Inc.
Power conversion
Slot cards
Tracewell TTX400 24 VDC Input Power Supply
Tracewell's TTX power supplies are ideal for applications requiring
dependable performance under harsh conditions. The TTX provides
high-density (400 W in just 3U), high-efficiency, reliability, and control,
all within one slot. The planar magnetic design is software controlled,
enabling >80 percent efficiency and full power operation up to 60 °C.
MOSFETs replace O-Ring diodes to reduce heat dissipation. Magnetics
and MOSFETs have direct thermal contact with side-mounted heat sink
for exceptional heat transfer and low airflow restriction, further improving reliability in harsh conditions. TTX can also be adapted for odd form
factor or non-air-cooled applications including conduction or fluid.
FEATURES:
567 Enterprise Drive
Westerville, OH 43081
Tel: 800-848-4525 • Fax: 614-846-4450
tracewellsystems.com/products/PDF/TTX4003U1S24S.pdf
■ Wide input range from 18-36 VDC for 24/28 VDC applications
■ High current DC outputs include 5 V/30 A, 3.3 V/45 A, +12 V/5 A, and -12 V/1 A
custom output options available
■ Available in 3U up to 350 W and 6U at up to 700 W; optional two-slot design for
low airflow applications
■ Active monitoring for voltage, temperature, and output current with optional I2C
control per IPMI v1.5
■ Hot-swap compliant, single-wire active current share for up to eight supplies
■ Conformal coat (optional)
For more info contact: sales@tracewell.com
RSC #13102 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Power conversion
Slot cards
Crane Aerospace & Electronics
VME Power Solutions
Crane Aerospace & Electronics rugged, VME 6U-format, power cards
offer the ultimate in power conversion dependability for your military,
avionic, vetronic, and other high-reliability system needs. Extensive
reliability growth testing is performed to assure the integrity of the
design and manufacturing process. We use modular building blocks
to offer you custom configurations with the maximum degree of
flexibility.
Designed for military and aerospace applications, our power supplies
operate using standard 28 VDC or 115 V, one-phase, 400 Hz input
power and provide multiple output voltages.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics has a staff of highly skilled application engineers who will work with you in the event that additional
modifications are needed to assure that your power system requirements are met.
Visit us at www.craneae.com/136.
FEATURES:
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Standard VME (Eurocard) form factor
28 VDC input
Multiple outputs
Overcurrent/overvoltage protection
Short-circuit protection for all outputs
Operating temperature up to 85 °C without
performance derating
Conduction- or air-cooled
Designed for military/defense and aerospace applications
Custom configurations to your specifications
Obsolescence management
Crane Aerospace & Electronics is a segment of Crane Co. that includes
ELDEC, General Technology, Hydro-Aire, Interpoint, Keltec, Lear Romec,
P.L. Porter, Resistoflex, and Signal Technology, all major suppliers of critical aircraft and electronic systems and components. For more information on Crane Aerospace & Electronics, visit www.craneae.com and for
Crane Co., visit www.craneco.com. Crane Co. is a diversified manufacturer of engineered industrial products.
PO Box 97005
Redmond, WA 98073-9705
Tel: 866-283-0926 (425-895-4053) • Fax: 425-882-1990
craneae.com
For more info contact: electronics@craneae.com
RSC #13201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Power conversion
Standalone power supply
Pulse Electronics
Military Grade VME Format Power Supplies
Pulse Electronics has been established for more than 25 years as
innovators in the design, development, and manufacture of militarygrade, high-efficiency, and robust power supply and power management systems utilized in the most discerning of applications within the
aerospace, defense, and communication industries.
Most recent developments include the introduction of a range of
rugged VME format power supplies engineered to meet the most
demanding military and aerospace environments.
Housed in a single-slot, plug-in 6U package, the advanced design
utilizes the benefits of leading-edge planar magnetics technology
for optimum reliability consistent with a lightweight and low-profile
outline.
The modular topology approach ensures optimum application
flexibility by being factory configurable to offer optional AC/DC
input and combinations of multiple power output configurations
(5 V, ±12 V, 3.3 V, 5 V standby) to 500 W.
The high-efficiency concept utilizes conduction cooling with optional
wedge-lock clamping, and all models carry full EMC qualification and
environmental compliance to applicable Mil-Spec requirements.
Standard features include independently regulated and isolated
outputs with enable and system reset functions. Protection features
include overvoltage, overcurrent, overtemperature, undervoltage
lockout, input failure, power transient, and reverse polarity.
Multiple system operation incorporates load sharing and dual
redundancy integration.
Full data and specifications are available upon request from Pulse
Electronics. The company is available to work with customers to ensure
specific application, integration, and budget requirements are met.
FEATURES:
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Single-slot, 6U-standard VME outline
Factory configurable for optimum application flexibility
Conduction cooled with power output options to 500 W
Optional wedge-lock clamping
Leading-edge planar magnetics technology for optimum
reliability
Lightweight and low-profile outline
115/235 Vac single phase and 28 VDC input options
Configurable multiple output options (5 V, ±12 V, 3.3 V,
and more)
-40 °C to +85 °C operating temperature range
Integral extended “hold-up” capability
EMC and environmental Mil-Spec compliance
Complete system integration support
Brigade House, Alington Road
St. Neots, Cambs., PE19 6WG
Tel: +44 (0)1480-216516 • Fax: +44 (0)1480-472428
www.ipeco.co.uk
For more info contact: davidblofield@pulse-electronics.co.uk
RSC #13301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Power conversion
Standalone power supply
Crane Aerospace & Electronics
Standalone Power Solutions
Crane Aerospace & Electronics meets the evolving needs of military
aircraft avionics and electrical system manufacturers with rugged power
solutions that hit the mark for lower costs, lighter weight, and higher
reliability. From standard power supplies to custom designed power
management and distribution systems, Crane Aerospace & Electronics
has the proven military expertise to deliver what you need. Our products
are used in electronic warfare, communications, missiles, smart munitions, radar, and ISR.
FEATURES:
■ AC/DC converters
■ Low-voltage power supplies
■ High-voltage power supplies
■ Avionics power subsystems
■ TWT amplifiers
■ Transmitters
■ Obsolescence management
Crane Aerospace & Electronics companies are known for their
technical strength, proven product reliability, innovative solutions, and
overall value. Each company is ISO9001 and/or AS9100 certified. We
are committed to operational excellence and world-class processes.
From application engineering, through design and manufacturing,
Crane Aerospace & Electronics offers a comprehensive approach to
product specification, design certification, and service. New electronic
manufacturing capabilities enable us to offer build-to-print solutions for
microelectronics, cards, subsystems, and systems. So, whether you’re
looking for a standard or custom-designed military power solution,
Crane Aerospace & Electronics has the proven experience to deliver
what you need.
For more information, visit www.craneae.com/137.
Crane Aerospace & Electronics is a segment of Crane Co. that includes
ELDEC, General Technology, Hydro-Aire, Interpoint, Keltec, Lear Romec,
P.L. Porter, Resistoflex, and Signal Technology, all major suppliers of
critical electronic systems and components. For more information on
Crane Aerospace & Electronics, visit www.craneae.com and for Crane
Co., visit www.craneco.com. Crane Co. is a diversified manufacturer of
engineered industrial products.
PO Box 97005
Redmond, WA 98073-9705
Tel: 866-283-0926 (425-895-4053) • Fax: 425-882-1990
www.craneae.com
For more info contact: electronics@craneae.com
RSC #13401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Medea Corporation
Rugged computer systems
Mass storage
Medea’s Ruggedized COTS RAID Shuttle Storage Solution
Medea’s RAID Shuttle is the industry’s smallest, ultra-high performance,
ruggedized disk storage array. It offers 1.6 TB of formatted storage on
removable ATA disk drives contained in a compact, shock and vibration
protected enclosure that protects data integrity and capture rate capability in harsh environments such as mobile land, and airborne and high
altitude settings up to 40,000 feet. It has been certified for airborne,
shipboard, and off-road vehicle use. An optional hermetically sealed version is available for use in high-altitude unpressurized aircraft.
The Fibre Channel interface provides data transfer rates up to
200 MBps and sustained transfer rates of 180 MBps.
FEATURES:
14352 Chambers Road
Tustin, CA 92780
Tel: 949-852-8511 • Fax: 949-852-8930
www.medea.com
For more info contact: gov-military@medea.com
■ The RAID Shuttle uses a rugged 3/4 ATR enclosure and is very compact at 7.62" (H) x 7.5"
(W) x 12.52" (D)
■ The Fibre Channel interface provides data transfer rates up to 200 MBps, and sustained
transfer rates of 180 MBps
■ The RAID Shuttle offers a rugged enclosure for about the same price as a commercial
FC/SCSI array
■ A real-time RAID algorithm for guaranteed bandwidth, even with component and
drive failures
■ A built-in, four-port, self-healing hub for multi-host connections
■ Mil-Std AC or DC power supply
RSC #13501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Megatel Computer Corporation
Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
PCpi
The PCPi board is a rugged, full-featured Pentium class SBC. This board
supports low-power Socket 7 processors and utilizes an ALI chipset,
which provides both PCI and ISA buses. It is PC/104 compliant and
104Family I/O compliant. This board is available with a broad range of
options that can be mixed in any combination to maximize performance
and minimize price. Many options and base features are packed into
this tiny board, all of which are combined into a small rugged package
that is powered from either dual (3.3 V and 5 V) supplies to minimize
onboard power dissipation, or from a 5 V option. The PCPi is designed
for high-reliability applications with an operating temperature of -55 °C
to +115 °C.
FEATURES:
586 Main Street
Glen Williams, ON L7G3T6
Tel: 905-873-9988 • Fax: 905-873-4102
www.megatel.com
For more info contact: sales@megatel.ca
■ Low-power Socket 7 processor up to 266 MHz; 32-256 MB SDRAM (soldered); Asiliant
CRT and flat-panel PCI display controller
■ Onboard watchdog and power monitors; onboard thermal monitoring gracefully throttles
performance under high temperature conditions
■ Error checking and correcting (ECC) memory option; flexible FSB speed (factory tailored to
OEM application requirements)
■ ATA/IDE UDMA 66 hard drive interface; CompactFlash storage compatible socket
■ Frame-grabber with up to four channels of analog video input; touchscreen and Controller
Area Network (CAN) controller
■ 10/100Base-T or 10/100/1000Base-T (Gigabit) Ethernet; three USB, three Serial, one LPT,
floppy, RTC, and all basic AT peripherals
RSC #13502 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Kontron
MilPAC
MilPAC is a fully sealed, high-performance portable computer designed
for use in extremely harsh environments. Built to survive both military
and industrial “lethal zones” – applications for which conventional
rugged portables can’t survive – this ultra-tough portable was developed to take the everyday punishment rugged portable computers
are subjected to, in stride. The MilPAC is engineered to survive situations in remote field service, on-site maintenance, flightline systems
analysis geophysical exploration, shipboard exposure, factory floor
environments, and military deployments. Now part of Kontron Mobile
Computing Division, Dolch Computer Systems joins one of the largest
and leading embedded computer technology companies worldwide.
Having access to the best rugged engineering groups in the world and
more than 1800 employees worldwide, we can continue to provide
our customers with ultra-tough and lightweight industrial computers,
expanded support services, and high-performance portables.
FEATURES:
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Rugged construction
Fully sealed case dust, drip and rain proof
Three PCI open expansion slots
14.1" XGA TFT screen
14118 Stowe Drive
Poway, CA 92064
Tel: 888-343-5396 • Fax: 952-949-2791
www.kontron.com/dolch
For more info contact: dolchsales@us.kontron.com
RSC #13601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Kontron
NotePAC
NotePAC is completely sealed from intrusion by water, salt-laden air,
and blowing dust and dirt. It combines a high-strength cast-magnesium case and shock mounted components to form a portable platform
that can withstand a shock load as might be experienced during rough
transportation. The NotePAC has been thoroughly tested to MIL-STD
810F and IEC 529 to prove conformance to all design goals for shock
and vibration loading. To ensure that the system meets all moisture
and dirt intrusion requirements, it is certified to the stringent criteria of
IP 54 set by the National Electrical Manufacturer’s Association (NEMA)
and the International Electrontechnical Commission (IEC). The fully
rugged NotePAC is the world’s most versatile and expandable notebook, offering the widest range of I/O ports and accessory upgrade
ports in the industry. The NotePAC expansion module is the only fully
rugged notebook to accommodate either two three-quarter-size PCI
cards or two three-quarter-size ISA cards. Cutting edge engineering,
ultra-rugged, all metal NotePAC can survive extreme environmental
conditions. Now part of Kontron Mobile Computing Division, Dolch
Computer Systems joins one of the largest and leading embedded
computer technology companies worldwide. Having access to the
best rugged engineering groups in the world and more than 1800
employees worldwide, we can continue to provide our customers with
ultra-tough and lightweight industrial computers, expanded support
services, and high-performance portables.
FEATURES:
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Sealed – NEMA 12 and IP 54 rated
Rugged magnesium alloy casing
Drop proof – 36" free drop to concrete
Shock mounted components
14118 Stowe Drive
Poway, CA 92064
Tel: 888-343-5396 • Fax: 952-949-2791
www.kontron.com/dolch
For more info contact: dolchsales@us.kontron.com
RSC #13701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Rave Computer Association
SX2500 Aluminum Short Depth Rackmount Computer
Available early July 2005
The custom Rave System 1U Aluminum Short Depth (ASD) contains a
Sun Microsystems® SPARC SX2500 motherboard, which features the
latest UltraSPARC® IIIi dual processors that operate on Solaris 8 5/03 or
later OS.
FEATURES:
This low-profile system contains two 3.5" removable drive bays, slim
line 5.25" DVD-ROM, and a 400 W power supply. The lightweight Rave
System 1U ASD unit has the dimensions of 16.93" (W) x 1.70" (H) x
22.0" (D), with a projected weight of 25 lbs, which makes it easy to
install into several military environments, including EMI cabinets on the
Maritime Mine Countermeasure (MCM) and Coastal Minehunter (MHC)
ships.
■ Motherboard: Sun® SX2500; Processor/Cache: 1.28 GHz UltraSPARC™ IIIi with 1 MB L2
external cache, and one or two CPU modules
■ System memory: registered DDR PC2100 (ECC); Maximum: 16 GB, using eight 2048 MD
DIMMS
■ Expansion slots: one 64/32-bit PCI slot (allows full length cards)
■ Standard interfaces: one 10/100/1000Base-T Ethernet port with rear panel
RJ-45 connector
■ SCSI: two dual channel ultra 160/320 SCSI ports; IDE: two ATA/100 IDE ports Serial: one
serial port with DB9M connector
■ USB: four USB 1.1 ports with ext. USB connectors, and three USB 2.0 ports (via opt. PCI
card); Parallel: one port with ext. connector
36960 Metro Court
Sterling Heights, MI 48312
Tel: 800-317-7283 • Fax: 586-939-7431
www.rave.com/military
For more info contact: military@rave.com
RSC #13801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
SKY Computers, Inc.
SMART Systems Family
The SMARTpac™ 600 and the SMARTpac 1200 are designed as complementary systems. The SMARTpac 600 is an ideal solution for processing
an application’s front-end data acquisition needs, while the SMARTpac
1200 provides the back-end horsepower for computationally intensive signal processing and image analysis. The 19" rack mountable
SMARTpac systems utilize InfiniBand™ technology interconnect throughout the system yielding high bandwidth, low latency, and secure data
communications.
FEATURES:
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Open standards-based
Highly scalable architecture
Linux, InfiniBand, MPI, VSIPL, and CORBA technologies
Built-in system health monitoring and management
Extensive software development tools
High-speed/low-latency interconnect bandwidth
8 Centennial Drive
Peabody, MA 01960
Tel: 978-977-3000 • Fax: 978-977-6968
www.skycomputers.com/military/index.cfm
For more info contact: info@skycomputers.com
RSC #13802 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Pinnacle Data Systems
Life-Cycle Management Solutions
Pinnacle Data Systems provides product life-cycle management
services to global original equipment manufacturers. Over the past
decade, Pinnacle has developed its expertise in the design, manufacture, and support of OEM computer solutions in mission critical
industries. Specializing in high-density embedded computing
platforms, Pinnacle has a proven track record and flexibility to provide
solutions at each stage of the product’s life cycle – development to
deployment to End-of-Life. The goal of Pinnacle’s product life-cycle
solutions is to integrate the design, manufacturing, production, and
support functions in a seamless process that enables our customers to
bring higher quality products to market faster, as well as support and
extend the life of their current product lines.
Pinnacle has been designing products to fill OEM’s special needs
for more than 16 years and excels at developing creative and costeffective solutions. By utilizing a highly-educated and experienced
team of design engineers to create custom products, Pinnacle’s
area of expertise ranges from simple accessory boards to large-scale
ruggedized server systems. By combining the latest design tools and
techniques with the most up-to-date technologies, Pinnacle can deliver
and support custom yet cost-effective designs to its customer base.
Pinnacle also offers a variety of conformal coating services, providing
environmental and mechanical protection to dramatically extend the
life of mission critical systems and components. Conformal coating is
useful for protecting circuitry in severe environments while maintaining a low stress environment for components and connections. Such
conditions include extreme temperature and humidity changes and
the demands of military and industrial applications. Pinnacle provides
a thorough analysis of OEM-specific requirements and will develop
a program to best meet your needs while providing coating services
to military specifications. Pinnacle also has support programs that
extend the warranty, service, and logistical support once the product
has been coated.
FEATURES:
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Product life-cycle management services
Custom design services
Conformal coating services
Regulatory certification services
RoHS services
Asset recovery/reverse logistics services
6600 Port Road
Groveport, OH 43125
Tel: 800-882-8282 • Fax: 614-748-1209
www.pinnacle.com
For more info contact: info@pinnacle.com
RSC #13901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
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Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Azonix, a Crane Co. Company
TC2500 Standalone Embedded Computer
Azonix, utilizing its core competency in certifying equipment for harsh
and hazardous areas, is at the forefront of embedded PC control in
extreme outdoor environments. The TC2500 benefits from more than
a decade of experience in design and field use for ProPanel industrial
workstations and controllers.
The TC2500 is a standalone embedded computer designed to fit
remote terminal applications as a thin client or embedded controller.
This hardware platform is built to survive mobile installations, where
setup time is critical, and weather cannot be an obstacle. The system is light, thin, self-contained (sealed unit is self-cooling by radiant
heat dispersion technology), and highly portable by hand (one-man
carry with incorporated carrying handle). The TC2500 is designed to
bring computer interface capabilities to locations that were previously
unavailable because of installation difficulty or hazardous and harmful
environments.
FEATURES:
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Totally sealed NEMA 4 enclosure
Transportable for mobile applications
Extreme shock and vibration resistance
Display is viewable in night light and bright sunlight
Low-power design
High level of EMI and RFI shielding
Zone 1 HAZLOC certification, non-purged
Embedded PC architecture
Wireless communication capability reduces rig-up/rigdown time and cabling expense
The TC2500 is powered by an embedded controller that can run
a browser, Java applets, or other small applications over a .NET or
Embedded XP operating system. It can run Ethernet or serial protocols, communicating via copper, fiber, or wireless. The unit can operate in extreme temperature and vibration conditions, and works with
intrinsic safe peripherals, pointing devices, and external keyboards.
This is an Azonix designed and manufactured product. Azonix
Corporation offerings include highly engineered computers and displays that are used for automation, as a user interface and command
and control center at the optimum “point of attack,” and COTS
computers that have been rated for bridge control and other marine
applications. We also offer ultra-rugged, intrinsically safe (for hazardous areas) wintel computers, displays, data acquisition and control,
and communication platforms that include high-security wireless and
cabled Ethernet networking technology.
For additional information, visit www.craneae.com/138, contact our
Houston Business Center at 800-950-2382 (832-251-8800), or e-mail
Dani Alkalay at dalkalay@azonix.com.
Houston Business Center
10528 Meadowglen Lane
Houston, TX 77042
Tel: 800-950-2382 (832-251-8800) • Fax: 832-251-8801
www.azonix.com
For more info contact: dalkalay@azonix.com
RSC #14001 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
140 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Kontron Mobile Computing Division
Rugged computer systems
Other complete rugged
Embedded Computing Module (ECM)
Kontron’s ECM is a low-power, high-performance, Intel Pentium Mbased Embedded Computing Module. Meeting Mil-Std 810F ratings
for shock, vibration, humidity, water, and temperature, the ECM
features a solid, rugged, cast magnesium alloy construction to protect
internal subsystems. The ECM is designed specifically for the OEM
who requires a small form factor rugged PC engine for their application-specific solution.
The ECM’s small footprint makes it ideal for body-worn and invehicle embedded applications. The ECM was designed to allow OEMs
to develop easy custom I/O that tailors the end product to the
application.
You can design your own full-featured embedded PC to power your
OEM systems, but it’s complicated, expensive, and requires specialty
engineering, testing, and packaging. The ECM lets you skip expensive and time consuming steps in the product development process
allowing you to move faster to trial, marketing, and selling.
Kontron offers a full-featured development kit including an ECM and
two I/O interface modules with PC-Card, serial, USB, parallel, Ethernet,
FireWire ports, and others, to allow rapid system prototyping and
testing.
FEATURES:
■ Hardware
– Small, lightweight, military rugged design
– Water, shock, and vibration resistant
– Low power, high performance
– Removable hard drive, 802.11 b/g wireless connectivity
– Modular I/O designs
■ Applications:
– Embedded in-vehicle communications
– Body-worn, test measurement, maintenance, and
communications
– Surveying
– Aviation telemetry
– Situation awareness
– Surveillance
■ Deliverables:
– Engineering specifications to field trial in 30-60 days
– 50 percent reduction in development time and costs
– Military standard rugged enclosure
– High-performance, small form factor PC
14118 Stowe Drive
Poway, CA 92064
Tel: 888-343-5396 • Fax: 952-949-2791
www.kontron.com/mobile
For more info contact: sales@kontronmobile.com
RSC #14101 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 141
Rugged computer systems
Mission computer
Quantum3D, Inc.
THERMITE™ Tactical Visual Computer
THERMITE is the first COTS, PC-compatible embedded system designed
for man-wearable and vehicle-based deployed C4ISR, C2, mission planning, training, maintenance, and surveillance applications. THERMITE
features a lightweight sealed alloy case, Mil-Spec connectors, advanced
power management, 1 GHz mobile CPU, 512 MB memory, shock
resistant or solid state hard drive, advanced 2D/3D graphics with video
capture support, and comprehensive I/O including Mil-Std-1553B and
IEEE 802.11. Designed for WinXP or Linux-based applications where
small size, long battery life, and performance is critical, THERMITE
delivers workstation graphics and video capabilities where they’re
needed most.
FEATURES:
■ COTS, wearable Tactical Visual Computer for C4ISR, C2, mission planning,
training, maintenance, and surveillance applications
■ Open architecture, PC-compatible system with flexible, wireless/wired I/O
options; supports Linux® and Microsoft® Windows®XP
■ Lightweight, compact, sealed alloy case with Mil-Spec connectors and
conduction cooling for extended environment operation
■ Advanced power-saving technology with clock throttling and discrete powerdown for long battery life and continuous field use
■ NVIDIA® GeForceFX® Go 5200 Mobile GPU with 64 MB; supports stereo and dual
VGA and NTSC, PAL, S-Video, and RS-170A outputs
■ Video-capture with support for color space conversion, scaling, and overlays for
NTSC, PAL, S-Video, and RS-170A formats
6330 San Ignacio Avenue
San Jose, CA 95119
Tel: 407-737-8800 x100 • Fax: 407-737-8801
www.quantum3d.com/products/Thermite/thermite.html
For more info contact: salesinfo@quantum3d.com
RSC #14201 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
RSC #14202 @ www.mil-embedded.com/rsc
142 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
LiPPERT GmbH
Rugged computer systems
Mission computer
Cool RoadRunner 4
The Cool RoadRunner 4 provides embedded PC applications with the
computing power of the Pentium M processor. Even military applications can profit from this high-performance processor when using this
PCI-104 module. The PCI-104 definition specifies a board format with
a size of only 3.55" x 3.775" and uses the PCI bus for system expansion. The Cool RoadRunner 4 is a complete single board computer
with all relevant peripherals built right into it, so it does not need
additional boards. Especially interesting for deployment in rough environments is the fact that the 1.4 GHz version of the Cool RoadRunner
4 may be passively cooled, thus eliminating the need for mechanical moving parts. Passive cooling can be realized in two ways, either
using a heatsink directly on top of the processor, or mounting a heat
spreader. Given proper mechanical design, the latter enables distribution of the heat to the computer’s enclosure. The module is optionally
available for an extended temperature range of -40 °C to +85 °C and
needs only to be passively cooled at 1.4 and 1.0 GHz.
The Cool RoadRunner 4 combines Intel’s Pentium M processor with
the 855GME chipset. This chipset features a fast graphics engine and
provides outstanding graphics performance for embedded computer
applications. Its display controller uses up to 64 MB of shared memory
and handles two independent displays, which support resolutions of
2048 x 1536 pixels. In addition to ordinary SVGA-monitors, TFT flat
panels can be connected using the dual channel LVDS interface.
Six USB 2.0 host ports are also integrated and allow easy addition of
peripheral devices. There is a 1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet controller integrated onboard for network connectivity. Sound I/O is realized
with a standard AC-97 codec. The ATA-100 compliant EIDE interface
enables connection of standard hard disks or other storage devices.
The main memory can be expanded up to 1 GB using suitable DDR333 SODIMM modules.
Troubleshooting is easy with supervision LEDs for power, watchdog,
Ethernet, and life signalization on the module. The Cool RoadRunner
4 is currently available with 1.4 and 2.0 GHz processors.
FEATURES:
■ Intel® Pentium® M 755/738 processor at 2.0/1.4 GHz
■ Intel® Celeron® M 373 processor at 1.0 GHz
■ Up to 1 GB DDR-333 SODIMM RAM for demanding
memory requirements
■ Intel Extreme Graphics 2 with 2D and 3D capabilities;
resolution up to 2048 x 1536 pixels
■ Standard VGA adapter as well as dual channel LVDS for
displays
■ 1000Base-T Gigabit Ethernet enables very fast data
transport over the network
■ 6 x USB 2.0 host ports for easy addition of peripherals
■ Low power consumption: Only ~14 W when using the 1.4
GHz processor
■ Passive cooling is possible, either with heatsink or heat
spreader
■ Extended temperature range of -40 °C to +85 °C is
optionally available for the 1.4 and 1.0 GHz processor
versions
■ Watchdog for system supervision
■ AC97 compatible sound I/O
■ Supervision LED for power, watchdog, Ethernet, and life
signalization
Hans-Thoma-Strasse 11
Mannheim , 68163
Tel: +49-621-432140 • Fax: +49-621-4321430
www.lippert-at.com
For more info contact: info@lippert-at.com
RSC #14301 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 143
Rugged computer systems
Mission computer
LiPPERT GmbH
Cool FrontRunner
The Cool FrontRunner is designed as a very low power, rugged embedded PC module. It is a complete single board computer built in compliance to the PC/104-Plus standard. This standard defines computer
boards with a size of only 3.55" x 3.775" and both bus systems, ISA
and PCI, respectively. The module draws only 5 W from a single 5 V
power supply, thus making extensive cooling unnecessary. Together
with the soldered RAM chips and the optional extended temperature
range, the Cool FrontRunner is very well suited for harsh environments, which are typical for military applications.
The Cool FrontRunner is powered by an AMD Geode GX 500
processor @1.0 W, running at 366 MHz. Teamed with the CS5535
I/O companion chip that has many standard peripherals already integrated, and a Super I/O chip, it effectively resembles a complete PC
system. Either VGA monitors or digital TFT displays (18-bit parallel or
24-bit LVDS), selectable via jumper or BIOS settings, can be used.
FEATURES:
■ AMD Geode™ GX 500 @ 1.0 W Pentium compatible
processor, running at 366 MHz
■ 128 or 256 MB RAM soldered to the board
■ DiskOnChip 2000 socket
■ Display adapters for VGA and TFT
■ Fast Ethernet 10/100Base-T
■ Four USB 1.1 host ports
■ Three serial ports with RS-232/422/485 protocols
■ Eight programmable general-purpose I/O
■ Supervision LED for power, watchdog, Ethernet, and life
signalization
■ Power consumption: a mere 5 W at 5 V only
■ Passive cooling – no fan required
■ Extended temperature range of -40 °C to +85 °C optionally
available
The Cool FrontRunner features all standard peripherals: There are four
USB 1.1 ports, IDE, PS/2 keyboard, PS/2 mouse, and LPT. Three serial
ports are integrated onboard, two of them can be configured by software to conform to either the RS-232 or RS-485 standard, the third is
RS-485 only. The built-in, real-time clock is buffered with an integrated
GoldCap. There are eight freely usable GPIO pins for application defined
signals available on a cable connector. A Fast Ethernet controller is provided for networking. Sound I/O is provided with an AC-97 codec. An
ATA-66-compliant EIDE interface enables connection of standard hard
disks, CD/DVD drives, or other devices such as CompactFlash adapters.
A DIL32 DiskOnChip socket is also integrated.
The Cool FrontRunner is available with either 128 MB or 256 MB of
onboard RAM. Troubleshooting is made easy with supervision LEDs
for power, watchdog, Ethernet, and life signalization on the module.
The PC/104 and the PC/104-Plus buses enable system expansion with
many commercially available peripheral I/O boards.
Hans-Thoma-Strasse 11
Mannheim , 68163
Tel: +49-621-432140 • Fax: +49-621-4321430
www.lippert-at.com
For more info contact: info@lippert-at.com
RSC #14401 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
144 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
SBS Technologies
Rugged computer systems
Mission computer
SBS Rugged Systems–Designed to Thrive in Harsh Environments
Ruggedized systems from SBS Technologies include advanced vehicle
computers, rugged chassis, and rugged electronic boards and components for use in military and space systems. Our advanced computing
platforms are designed to meet the challenges of extreme temperatures, shock, vibration, EMI, and G-forces.
SBS Rugged Systems provide robust, yet highly flexible COTS
computing platforms suited for a wide variety of avionic, vetronic,
and navtronic applications where complete reliability and immunity to
extreme environmental conditions are required.
Featuring ruggedized computing platforms in VME and CompactPCI
formats, SBS systems are available in dozens of standardized configurations. These systems include ruggedized chassis with integrated
processor, I/O, and signal processing subsystems, as well as expansion
slots and rugged power supplies.
SBS also provides custom integration to quickly create a custom
design based on our extensive product portfolio. A custom design
might involve minor adjustments to standard systems and boards, or
it could include customized interfaces, platforms, and configurations.
We also offer development support and advance prototypes.
SBS ruggedized systems are based upon VME and CompactPCI
backplanes.
AVC-3000 Series
Our AVC-CPCI-3000 Series systems are based around one to three
CompactPCI 3U-form-factor single board computers and I/O boards.
They feature casings that are both strong and lightweight. At their
core, a robust COTS power supply and ruggedized single board computer integrate with other CompactPCI modules to deliver reliable,
cost-effective performance.
AVC-6000 Series
Our AVC-6000 Series systems are based upon VME and CompactPCI
6U-form-factor single board computers and I/O boards. They feature
rugged casings that are both strong and lightweight and are based
upon ruggedized single board computers and I/O boards.
FEATURES:
■ AVC-CPCI-3000 Series Advanced Vehicle Computers are
based upon CompactPCI 3U systems:
– 3-14 CompactPCI 3U slots
– 65-300 W rugged power supply
– PPC or Intel-based SBC(s)
– Flexible I/O options
■ The AVC-CPCI-6001 Advanced Vehicle Computer is based
upon a CompactPCI 6U system:
– Eight CompactPCI 6U slots
– 450 W rugged power supply
– PowerPC-based SBC
– Flexible I/O options
■ AVC-VME-6000 Series Advanced Vehicle Computers are
based upon VME 6U systems:
– 5 VME 6U slots
– 150 W-300 W rugged power supply
– PPC or Intel-based SBC(s)
– Flexible I/O options
2400 Louisiana Blvd., NE
Albuquerque, NM 87110
Tel: 505-875-0600 • Fax: 505-875-0400
www.sbs.com
For more info contact: info@sbs.com
RSC #14501 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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Rugged computer systems
Mission computer
Tactronics
Generation III CROW
Information system reliability and security is a major component
of success on the battlefield. This is one of the guiding principles
behind Tactronics’ Generation III CROW computers – ultra-rugged,
man-portable computing devices that can be counted on under any
circumstances.
These easily deployable computers have all the power and speed
(1.6 GHz) needed to support an extensive array of connections, including 10/100Base-T Ethernet, Serial, USB, and two kinds of video (VGA
and LVDS). Combine this level of connectivity and computational
ability with a low power consumption (< 35 W) and a gigabyte of
high-speed RAM in a lightweight shell, and the result is a personal,
mobile data center able to access, process, and relay crucial information using advanced applications such as live video, image capture,
and GPS.
FEATURES:
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Solid Billet 6061-T6 aluminum alloy chassis
1.6 GHz high-speed processor
1 GB high-speed RAM
60 GB (7200 RPM) removable hard disk drives
Lowest power consumption in the industry (< 35 W)
Built-in internal voltage regulation and wide input voltage
range
Transient power surge and reverse polarity protection, and
EMI suppression
MIL-SPEC D38999 Series III external cable connectors
Submersible to 1 m for one hour
USB, dual-speed Ethernet and serial connectivity
VGA and LVDS video output
Completely customizable based on user requirements
CROW computers feature either one (1) fixed and one (1) removable
high-speed, 60 GB hard disk drive (CROW 2000 model), or two (2)
removable 60 GB drives (CROW 3000 model). This removable hard
drive design allows the CROW units to be instantly declassified with
the push of a button.
Like all Tactronics’ products, the CROW units are as tough as they
come. Milled from solid aluminum alloy, the CROWs are engineered to
meet or exceed military standards for shock, vibration, pressure, and
temperature extremes, as well as resistance to electromagnetic interference. Fully-gasketed and fitted with positive locking, weatherproof
cable connectors, these devices are also impervious to rain, wind, fog,
and other environmental assaults.
Tactronics’ Generation III CROWs are mobile computers with the
muscle to drive advanced applications and the toughness needed to
give units in the field that critical strategic edge in combat zone intelligence and situational awareness.
381 Old Riverhead Road, Suite 12
Westhampton Beach, NY 11978
Tel: 631-288-0264 • Fax: 631-288-8659
www.tactronics.com
For more info contact: sales@tactronics.com
RSC #14601 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
146 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
SPIRIT
Sensors and RF
Wireless
SPIRIT Hawk-12.8K – High Speed Data Modem Solution
SPIRIT Hawk-12.8K is a complete software and hardware product
implementing High Speed Data Modem Functionality (HF). It’s fully
compliant to MIL standards for waveforms and functionality including
MIL-STD-188-110A/B (39-tone parallel waveform), STANAG 4539, and
STANAG 4415.
An additional PC software package, in a combination with the modem
above, provides a complete e-mail-over-HF solution. The solution utilizes
the STANAG 5066 protocol stack and supports both the HMTP and CFTP
style of e-mail transfer. SMTP interface is provided so that industry standard e-mail clients can be used (such as Outlook and Outlook Express).
Other STANAG 5066 clients, such as HFChat and the IP Client, are
also supported.
FEATURES:
R & D center – 27, B. Kommunisticheskaya
Moscow, 109004
Tel: 7-095-912-7024 • Fax: 7-095-912-7103
www.spiritdsp.com
For more info contact: biz@spiritdsp.com
■ Up to 12,800 bps operation
■ Single-channel, full duplex operation capable (as required by MIL-STD-188-110B
paragraph 5.3.1.4.4)
■ Modem remote control port to allow control of waveforms, data rates,
interleavers, and other operational parameters
■ Capable of independent receive and transmit data rates to handle propagation
differences or available power levels between stations
■ Can be used in both mobile and fixed station installations
■ Provides fully automatic data rate change control (DRC) to optimize the data rate
to the channel conditions
RSC #14701 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
SPIRIT
Sensors and RF
Wireless
SPIRIT Eagle-64K Modem
The modem is intended for voice/data communication over a satellite
channel for mobile and airborne applications requiring high dynamic
capability.
A proprietary waveform design and latest signal processing technologies
provide robust communication under severe propagation conditions in the
multi-ray and fast-fading environment, targeted for airborne communication and mobile vehicle installations. Multi-ray tolerance allows use of
omnidirectional antennas instead of high-precision satellite tracking units.
Proprietary “instant lock” technology guarantees fast link establishment
at big Doppler frequency shifts (up to 12 kHz) and provides exceptional
robustness to signal losses.
FEATURES:
R & D center – 27, B. Kommunisticheskaya
Moscow, 109004
Tel: 7-095-912-7024 • Fax: 7-095-912-7103
www.spiritdsp.com
For more info contact: biz@spiritdsp.com
RSC #14702 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
■ Provides voice/data communication over satellite channel for mobile and
airborne applications requiring high dynamic capability
■ Ensures robust communication under severe propagation conditions in the multiray and fast-fading environment
■ Multi-ray tolerance allows use of omnidirectional antennas instead of highprecision satellite tracking units
■ SPIRIT “instant lock” technology enables fast link establishment at big Doppler
frequency shifts and robustness to signal losses
■ Proprietary waveform provides high channel selection and robustness to noise,
interference, and frequency selective jams
■ Can be equipped with SPIRIT proprietary vocoders (1200 to 8000 bps) for digital
voice communication without external hardware
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 147
Test and instrumentation
Analyzer/Monitor
ITCN
ST-201 VME Backplane & ST-101 1553 Data Bus Monitor/Analyzer
SystemTrace has been designed to provide global visibility into
system operation by monitoring key “data flow” in multiple, dissimilar
data streams incorporated in embedded systems. This monitoring is
accomplished using Real-Time Non-Intrusive (RTNI) techniques so that
the act of monitoring does not affect the system operation. The data
files collected “synchronously” at the key dataflow points are “timecorrelated” so that dependencies on actions among system elements
can be observed.
SystemTraceTM has a networked architecture that incorporates distributed monitor modules for VME backplanes, Mil-Std-1553 data busses
and future additions. A feature is also included to time-correlate the
software execution in the system’s processing units to the data in the
heterogeneous data streams.
FEATURES:
■ Simultaneous, real-time, non-intrusive monitoring of up to
32 unique nodes (any combination of VME and/or 1553)
■ Richly featured Windows GUI for setup and analysis of
32 SystemTrace modules
■ Long-term data acquisition and storage via SystemTrace
host module
■ Time-correlated data collection
■ Up to 256 unique Events collected per session
■ Local or remote setup and control via 10/100Base-T TCP/IP
■ Runtime data displays
■ Eight cross module triggers
■ Complex triggers and filters (64 Level State Machine)
■ Programmable and reusable data collection scenarios
■ Open data interface
■ Post-run analysis software
These modules can be distributed throughout the Embedded System
and over different physical locations. SystemTraceTM can take the form
of laboratory instruments or on-board monitors with man-machine
interfaces supporting operational functions. SystemTrace™ is:
– Scaleable
– Distributed
– Synchronized
– Adaptable to different data media
– Able to simultaneously monitor multiple dissimilar data streams in
real-time
– Monitor and time-correlate software execution events with other
system events monitored in separate data streams – Uses a common Graphical User Interface(GUI) for setup, run-time presentations and post-run analysis
The SystemTrace ST-201 VME Backplane Monitor/Analyzer is capable
of monitoring and recording activity on all four VME backplane buses
(Data Transfer Bus (DTB), Arbitration Bus, Interrupt Bus, and Utility Bus).
This feature enables the analysis of data transfers between processors
or any other device that participates in data transfers and VMEbus
arbitration. VME protocol interactions can be analyzed by specifying
operations on the Arbitration, Utility, and Interrupt Buses as “Events”
for the module to monitor and record.
Any specific operation or group of operations on the bus can be
recorded by setting up the module to identify them as Events and
selecting the Recording Action.
591 Congress Park Drive
Dayton, OH 45459
Tel: 937-439-9223 • Fax: 937-439-9173
www.itcninc.com
For more info contact: sales@itcninc.com
RSC #14801 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
148 / 2005
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
Signametrics Corporation
Test and instrumentation
PXI
SMX2064 7-1/2 Digit Multifunction Digital Multimeter
Only Signametrics’ DMMs and Instrumentation Switching Modules
deliver full system accuracy. Other PXI and PCI switches degrade
measurement system performance to 3-1/2 or 4-1/2 digits.
The SMX2064 Multifunction Digital Multimeter has:
- 7-1/2 digits resolution
- Very high accuracy
- High measurement speed
- Flexible triggering facility
- A wide range of measurement functionality
The SMX4032 Relay Multiplexer features:
- Very low leakage currents and capacitances
- Very low thermal voltages
- Very low noise and high bandwidth
It is virtually the only PXI multiplexer card that maintains
the full accuracy of a 6-1/2 or 7-1/2 digit multimeter.
6073 50th Avenue, NE
Seattle, WA 98115
Tel: 206-524-4074 • Fax: 206-525-8578
www.signametrics.com
FEATURES:
■ Full line of digital multimeters ranging from cost-effective 5-1/2 digits to
high-performance 7-1/2 digit multifunction
■ SMX2064 7-1/2 Digit Multifunction Multimeter has very high accuracy, high
speed, and flexible triggering
■ SMX4032 Instrumentation Relay Card routes high accuracy signals to 6-1/2 or
7-1/2 digit multimeters with full signal integrity
■ Relay switch cards integrate seamlessly with digital multimeter cards
■ The product line is fully supported and compatible with virtually any software
running under Windows or Linux
For more info contact: sales@signametrics.com
RSC #14901 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
VMETRO Transtech
Test and instrumentation
Bus analyzer
Vanguard VMEbus Analyzer, Exerciser, & Protocol Checker
Vanguard VMEbus Analyzers debug, test, and validate next-generation
VME boards and systems. This analyzer captures and displays up to 2 M
samples of bus activity at rates up to 133 MHz using powerful trigger
and store qualifiers, and offers extensive system performance measurements. The exerciser emulates master or slave devices and offers a script
engine. The protocol checker detects 60 protocol errors and operates
concurrently with all other functions.
The analyzers are controlled via Ethernet or USB from a PC running
Windows and VMETRO’s BusView graphical user interface. The Ethernet
port allows connection to Vanguard analyzers anywhere that a network
connection is available.
FEATURES:
1880 Dairy Ashford, Suite 400
Houston, TX 77077
Tel: 281-584-0728 • Fax: 281-584-9034
■
■
■
■
■
■
Supports VME, VME64, 2eVME, and 2eSST
2 M sample trace buffer at 256 bits
State and timing analysis
Concurrent and independent operation of all functions
Automatic protocol checker
Advanced exerciser with master, slave, system controlller, and interrupt
generator
vmetro.com
For more info contact: info@vmetro.com
RSC #14902 @ www.mil-embedded.com/catalogrsc
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
2005 / 149
Test and instrumentation
VXI
Spectral Dynamics ARPG
SD-VXI High Performance Shock/Transient Test Systems
VIDAS system solution: Spectral Dynamics, Advanced Research
Products Group (ARPG™) proudly offers VIDAS™ (VXI Data Acquisition
System), a high-speed, high-performance VXI hardware and software
solution. VIDAS combines dynamically scalable channel count with
the versatility and features you want, plus the performance you need
for complex testing. Our products offer superior fidelity and excellent
channel-to-channel phase match for the most accurate measurements
in the industry.
FEATURES:
■ Up to 1024 independent channels, modular, scalable
design; 1 M differential inputs with excellent channel-tochannel phase matching
■ Full bandwidth flat response: 0.1 dB DC to 1 MHz,
2.3 MHz @ 3 dB; programmable input range steps: 3 dB
differential, 6 dB single-ended
■ Up to 5 M samples/sec/ch sample rate, independant
Sigma Delta ADC/channel; 8-channels/card; auto-tracking,
anti-alias filtering
■ Incremental bandwidth licensing down to 50 kSps enables
future growth path plus cost savings on initial system
■ Five trigger sources per card: VXI bus trigger, external,
software, real-time, and data flow, includes trigger
qualification
■ Pre- and post-trigger recording, multi-event recording;
gated mode for burst recording, dual clock rate data
recording
■ Parallel load snapshot data FIFO on each channel for
system-level snapshot in time; deep data memory up to
128 MS/ch
■ Built-in full bridge conditioning and constant voltage
excitation for each channel; automated end-to-end setup/
calibration
■ Passive Input Panel System (PIPS) or Smart Interface Panel
System (SIPS) for simplified user interface and site wiring
■ PIPS/SIPS accommodate special function signal
conditioning requirements: bridge completion, constant
voltage/current
■ Portable and 19" rack-mount, high-powered VXI
instrumentation chassis and other system integration
items available
■ IMPAX-SD System Configuration Control Software
supports remote application control with named pipes or
socket server
System overview: Our VIDAS systems incorporate modular, VXI
instrumentation and a fully integrated WinXP® native software
package called IMPAX-SD™. It uses build-on-demand database technology to automatically manage and configure your testing environment
for measurement, control, reporting, and correlating data timing for
high-speed testing applications. IMPAX-SD ™ eliminates manual setup/
calibration operations, gives lightning fast data display, and instant
review to reconfigure your test on-the-fly. ARPG™ offers turnkey solutions, custom engineering, or system components for build-your-own
system solutions.
Applications:
- Acoustic shock measurement
- Explosive shock studies
- Electromagnetic propulsion research
- Rocket testing
- Aircraft power system testing
- Component test stands
- Calibration labs
- Gas turbine testing
Who we are: ARPG offers more than 30 years of data acquisition
experience and component level high-speed transient recording solutions. Our customers range from military, aerospace, government labs,
and educational institutions to commercial industrial applications.
The buck stops here: SD-ARPG is a premier single source vendor
providing consistency in concept, design, integration, and support. We are an experienced turnkey system supplier that provides
application support throughout the entire process. Call us today at
510-252-0475 or visit us at www.vxiproducts.com.
4424 Technology Drive
Fremont, CA 94538
Tel: 510-252-0475 • Fax: 510-252-0474
www.vxiproducts.com
For more info contact: remelmanm@sd-star.com
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New Products
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
www.mil-embedded.com/products
By Eli Shapiro
CARRIER BOARD: PMC
PROCESSOR: POWERQUICC
Pentek
Website: www.pentek.com
Model: 7131-702
RSC No: 20561
A 16-channel multiband digital receiver with dual
14-bit, 105 MHz A/Ds • Four quad multiband
digital receiver chips driven by the samples from
both A/Ds • Equipped with either XC2V1000 or
XC2V3000 FPGA devices from the Xilinx Virtex-II
family, with logic densities of one or three million
gates, respectively • Operating temperature range
of –20°C to +65°C • Qualified for 20 g shock and
2 g sine vibration • Optional conformal coating
extends operating range to 100 percent relative
humidity and protects the board from environmental contaminants
Dynatem
Website: www.dynatem.com
Model: PM854
RSC No: 20606
A small Computer-on-Module (COM) that makes
all the features of the Freescale PowerQUICC
MPC8540 available for custom design • Complete,
autonomous industrial computer that makes all
MPC8540 I/O signals available; all signals are
routed to high-density connectors on the carrier
board • MPC8540 with Embedded e500 Book E
compatible core at up to 1 GHz • Up to 512 MB of
DDR SDRAM with ECC support • 64 MB of Flash
memory • Disk-On-Chip option supports up to
1 GB of ATA-Flash • Includes an RTC backed up by
a GoldCap or external backup supply
▲
▲
neering units, which can be based on standards
or can be defined by the user • Variety of signal
tools for displaying data, including gauges, stripcharts, input devices, typical aircraft instruments,
and others • Provides support for VBScript
TURNKEY SYSTEM
Getac
Website: www.getac.com
Model: M220
RSC No: 20604
A rugged notebook with a 14" screen • Meets or
exceeds IP54, IEC529 and 68, as well as MIL-STD810F and 410E • 1/4 GHz Intel Dothan LV processor (Pentium M) with Centrino Mobile Technology
• Up to 2 GB of DDR SDRAM • 64 MB of shared
video RAM • 400 MHz FSB • Available with 40,
60, or 80 GB quick-swap hard disk drives, and
a variety of optical drives • Available with Enova
X-Wall 40-bit real-time cryptographic gateways
incorporated into the motherboard, ensuring that
data encryption does not degrade system performance • Windows XP or Linux operating system
support
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RSC 20606
PROTOTYPING AND DEBUGGING:
BUS ANALYZER
RSC 20561
DATACOM: GENERAL
North Atlantic Industries
Website: www.naii.com
Model: 64D1
RSC No: 20608
A 3-module, single-slot, multifunction VME communications card • Includes three combinations
of the following: Six channels off synchronous
or asynchronous RS-232C/RS-422/RS-485,
two channels of dual redundant MIL-STD-1553
BC/RT/MT, eight channels of ProfiBus
Condor Engineering
Website: www.condoreng.com
Model: BusTools/GSS
RSC No: 20316
A simulation and analysis tool designed for systems integration environments and other development and test environments that require graphical
representation of complex, multi-protocol bus
data • Simultaneous support for MIL-STD-1553,
ARINC 429, and STANAG 3910 within a single
software environment • Abstracts board-level
APIs to a common environment syntax • Provides
a flexible project/work book/work page structure,
and signal database (ICD information) import/
export capability • Provides a structured generic
interface for each of the supported protocols •
Signals database translates raw data into engi-
▲
ENCLOSURE + CARD RACK
152 / 2005
Kontron
Website: www.kontron.com
Model: ECM
RSC No: 20607
A ruggedized, small-form factor PC engine for
high-performance, application-specific mobile
systems • Measures 6.5" (L) x 4" (W) x 1.8" (H)
• Light weight and small enough for body-worn
systems • Third-party, MIL-STD-810F certified
packaging • 1.4 GHz Intel 738 Pentium M processors with 2 MB cache • Up to 1 GB of DDR SDRAM
• Integrated Intel Pro Wireless 802.11b/g wireless
networking capability • Removable 40 or 60 GB
hard drive • Low EMI design • One docking connector for managing all I/O devices, including a
full PCI bus
▲
RSC 20316
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Aitech
Website: www.rugged.com
Model: E118
RSC No: 20605
A rugged, single-slot chassis enclosure for 6U
VMEbus or CompactPCI single board computers
• Capable of withstanding extreme environmental conditions of altitude, temperature, humidity,
shock, vibration, EMI/RFI, and chemical exposure
• Machined from 6061-T6 aluminum • Available
with captive fasteners, helical wire-rope-type
shock and vibration isolators, and mounting
brackets for hard-mounted configurations suitable for cold-plate applications • Finish treated
for corrosion and fungus resistance • Fully sealed
Faraday cage and complete EMI/RFI power line
filtering • Built-in power supply • Operating temperature from –46°C to +71°C at 5 percent to 95
percent relative humidity with condensation •
MIL-STD connectors for input power and I/O are
all located on one side of the enclosure
RSC 20604
RSC 20605
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
RSC 20607
For further information,
enter the product’s RSC# at
www.mil-embedded.com/rsc
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Editorial
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
A fresh start for ongoing programs
By Chris A. Ciufo
W
elcome to the premiere issue
of Military Embedded Systems magazine. You’re one
of the lucky 15,000 people who are
receiving the industry’s newest publication focused exclusively on the embedded technology used by military decision
makers. Our readers are a varied bunch
and range from hardware, software, and
systems engineers to project and program managers. In all cases, the common
denominators between you all are:
■
■
■
■
Embedded technology
Military programs
Long life-cycle requirements
A system-level view to problemsolving
Embedded technology takes on many
forms, ranging from Intel’s latest Pentium M 32-bit microprocessor to greater
than 1 Mbps MIL-STD-1553 chipsets,
to Microsoft’s variant Windows.CE
Portable Media Center. In par, the US
military is “drafting” closely behind the
leading edge products offered to consumers and businesses, such as digital
cameras, home entertainment systems,
enterprise software, automobile navigation devices, and more. That’s because
with less than 0.5 percent of the world’s
semiconductor consumption, the military
looks predominantly to other markets
to feed its need for embedded technologies. Much of the technology that appeals
to the Department of Defense (DOD) is
available as Commercial Off-the-Shelf
(COTS) product, but some of it is purpose-built and program-specific.
Our readers look at the world from a
program-specific viewpoint. Whether
committed to a program or bidding on
one, working in a laboratory on primary research, or awaiting funding for
System Development and Demonstration
(SD&D), you probably make your decisions from program to program. As editors, we understand program funding
requirements, color of money issues, technology insertion, spiral development, and
154 / 2005
long life cycles. In fact, long life cycles
are not just a component of technology
selection in military programs, they are
the fundamental requirement – usually
more important than cost. Keeping a
legacy program’s hardware operational
throughout a 10-year period, meeting new
operational objectives without having to
recertify an entire system, and dealing
with the changes in technology during a
long period of time are challenges each
military system decision maker faces
every day.
Military Embedded
Systems is a
technology
magazine designed
for system-level
decision makers,
focusing on the
entire life cycle of a
military program.
And what about systems? As the DOD’s
technology road map moves toward a
system of systems approach, standalone
boxes or stovepipe implementations are
simply outdated. Not only are individual
Line Replacement Units (LRUs) replacing entire boxes, but a platform’s valueadd to the war fighter increasingly relies
on some other remotely located system.
Military designers are literally thinking
“out-of-the-box”, as their systems have
to rely on data and intelligence located in
another system.
If you wrap all of these topics together
– embedded technology, a programs
MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
focus, long life cycle requirements, and a
system-level design approach – you have
the mission statement for the magazine
you’re holding in your hands. Military
Embedded Systems is a technology magazine designed for system-level decision
makers, focusing on the entire life cycle
of a military program. Whether the technology is COTS, program-specific, or
straight out of DARPA, our mission is
to provide you, the reader, with ontarget technical material that helps you do
your job.
We’ll still provide in-depth insight on
the latest PowerPC processor, on reconfigurable DSP systems, on methods for
conducting heat from 100 W VME or
CompactPCI LRUs, or on the latest secure
RTOS and DO-178B trends. But we’ll
always focus on how these, and other,
embedded technologies apply throughout
the life of a military program – including
the bitter end when obsolescence-induced
cost avoidance numbers are necessitating
a complete redesign.
This premiere issue is jammed with sections called Mil Tech Trends, In the System (highlighting box-level insight), and
Industry Analysis – with technical commentary by some of the industry’s bestknown technical minds. So, join me as we
launch Military Embedded Systems, and
be sure to look for both print and electronic versions throughout 2005, and an
increased frequency in 2006.
Your suggestions are welcome.
Please drop me a line at
cciufo@opensystems-publishing.com,
or visit www.mil-embedded.com.
Chris A. Ciufo
Group Editorial Director
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MILITARY EMBEDDED SYSTEMS Resource Guide
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