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EPSON
Product Support Bulletin
Subject: Proper Method for Running Benchmark and Diagnostics Programs
Date: 06/04/93
Page(s): 1 of 1
PSB No: S-0158
Originator: MWT
This bulletin describes the proper method for running any benchmark or diagnostics
programs. This applies to any computer system.
In most cases, the computer should be started using an MS-DOS boot diskette
that’s ‘clean’ - in other words, one with no CONFIG.SYS or AUTOEXEC.BAT files.
The appropriate executable can then be run, either from diskette or hard drive.
There will be some exceptions to the above rule. In attempting to benchmark or
troubleshoot any add-on that requires a device driver (CD-ROM, local area network,
etc.), obviously the necessary device driver(s) must be loaded. Also, some
programs will require a minimum number of FILES or BUFFERS to be defined in
the CONFIG.SYS file. Such programs will usually display this requirement if they
are run without the necessary CONFIG.SYS file.
For the most consistent results, use the absolute minimal boot configuration that’s
allowed by the hardware being tested.
Product Support Bulletin
Subject:
Equity LT Battery Life and the AdaptaPAK Battery Pack
Date:
Page:
9/7/89
1 of 2
S - 0096
PSB No.:
Originator: BGB (-7 ;i4
The purpose of this bulletin is to provide the test results of the Product R&D’s
AdaptaPAK Battery and usage instructions. Like the Equity LT’s internal battery,
(refer to PSB S- 0055) there are several usage variables that can have a
significant effect on the working time.
In this test, the Equity LT was configured with the 20MB hard disk drive and the
EL (electroluminescent) backlit LCD and set at 10 Mhz. This is the most popular
configuration and also the one that consumes the most power. The first test was
with heavy access, constantly using the hard disk and floppy disk.
The internal battery was previously discharged. The laptop and AdaptaPAK
battery were charged for 18 hours. The battery charge lasted a total of 5 hours
and 15 minutes before it ceased operation.
The second test was with minimum access and the hard drive turned off after
powering on. The internal battery was previously discharged. The Equity LT and
the AdaptaPAK battery were charged for 18 hours. After turning on the unit, a
program that didn’t require any keyboard input was executed. The battery charge
lasted a total of 8 hours and 15 minutes before it ceased operation.
NOTE: The battery lives listed in this document are the results of our tests.
Your experience may vary as battery life is affected by configuration and
usage.
We can also assume that if we were to follow the guidelines (PSB S-0055, P3)
to extend the battery charge time, we would get even better results.
AdaptaPAK Battery
1) Ensure the battery is fully charged before using.
approximately 10 hours.
Full charge takes
2) The battery is a sealed lead - acid type.
3) The battery is contained in a black nylon carrying case with shoulder strap.
4) It plugs into a 120V AC outlet for charging.
international 220V AC recharger is available.
For overseas usage an
PSB No: S-0096
Page: 2 of 2
5) Weight 7 Ibs, size 3 X 6 X 11 inches.
The product is manufactured and available from:
Product R&D Corporation
1194 Pacific St., Suite 201
San Luis Obispo, CA 93401
Phone: (805) 546 - 9713
The AdaptaPak product includes the ExtraPAK battery and AdaptaCORD. Both
are required for use with the Equity LT.
Epson Accessories, Inc. is considering the possibility of offering the AdaptaPAK
for resale.
PSB No.: S-0062I
Page: 1 of 18
EISA SERIES DESKTOP
VER
PART #
0.10.20.01
DESKROM
DESC
Phoenix
TYPE
LOC
27C512
REASON
U26
INITIAL RELEASE
EISA SERIES TOWER
VER
PART #
TOWERROM
DESC
TYPE
LOC
U26
REASON
INITIAL RELEASE
EQUITY LT
VER
1.00
1.00
1.01
1.01
PART #
Y164802001
Y164803001
DESC
TYPE
HLO-A1
HLO-B1
HLO-A2
HLO-B2
27C64
27C64
27C64
27C64
LOC
3F
5F
3F
5F
REASON
INITIAL RELEASE (FIRST 800 UNITS)
Fixes problems with the serial port and
Microsoft Word.
EQUITY LT286e
VER
1.01
1.01
PART #
DESC
TYPE
AMI
AMI
27256
27256
LOC
U18
U19
REASON
INITIAL RELEASE
EQUITY LT386SX
VER
1.02
1.02
PART #
DESC
AMI
AMI
TYPE
27C256
27C256
LOC
U13
U14
REASON
INITIAL RELEASE
NB3s
VER
040990-KO
PART #
DESC
TYPE
LOC
REASON
INITIAL RELEASE
EPSON
EPSON AMERICA, INC.
PRODUCT SUPPORT BULLETIN
SERVICE
DATE:
PSB NO.: S-0055
SUBJECT:
EQUITY
LT
BATTERY
PAGE: 1 of 4
6/14/88
LIFE
bulletin is to provide additional
The purpose of
this
battery charge life with the Equity LT.
information
regarding
There are several variables that can have a significant effect
on the working time obtainable from a charge. These include:
Configuration
I/O activity
Battery condition
Processor speed
Environment
Configuration
One of the more popular configurations of the Equity LT is the
hard disk drive model with the EL (electroluminescent) backlit
that will
LCD.
Obviously,
this is
the
configuration
also
shortest working time
consume the most power and provide the
on a charge.
For example,
here are some comparisons between
various configurations:
CONFIGURATION
LOW
BATTERY
Dual
Dual
Dual
Dual
HDD,
HDD,
HDD,
HDD,
6:00
1:20
5:20
0:55
4:00
0:45
3:45
0:25
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
FDD, Reflective LCD (NA)
FDD, Reflective LCD (FA)
FDD, Backlit LCD (NA)
FDD, Backlit LCD (FA)
Reflective LCD (NA)
Reflective LCD (FA)
Backlit LCD (NA)
Backlit LCD (FA)
TOTAL
7:00
1:50
6:lO
1:20
4:40
1:05
4:20
0:40
LIFE
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
Hours
NA = No access: No activity including no keyboard input
FA = Full access: "COPY A:*.* B:" or "COPY A:*.* C:"
(These times
configuration
are
and
a representative sampling. Depending
usage, your times may vary.)
It's apparent that drive
effect on working time.
EPSON
AMERICA
SERVICE,
and
23610
backlight
TEL0
usage
AVENUE,
has
a
TORRANCE,
on
dramatic
CALIF.
90505
I
NUMBER:
S-0055
PAGE:
2 of 4
RGB monitor ports can
serial or
Heavy use of the parallel,
this is of less
time.
Functionally,
reduce
working
also
these ports
via
interface
because devices
that
concern
(with the exception of battery-powered printers and modems)
will require AC power, allowing access to the LT's AC adapter.
Battery
Condition
"memory".
exhibit a phenomenon known as
All NiCad batteries
number of times
if the battery is
recharged a
Essentially,
the shorter
"remembers"
without being fully discharged, it
times between charges. This is why you will see photographers
units before putting them
discharge their
electronic flash
away.
Processor
Speed
which is a low-power
The Equity LT
employs the NEC V30 CPU,
the 10 MHz speed
However,
CMOS
8086-compatible
processor.
In fact,
setting will
cause it to draw somewhat more power.
the difference
on a dual FDD LT with the reflective LCD,
48 minutes total
between
4.77 and 10 MHz can be as much as
life.
Environment
not only
can effect
Extremes in
temperature
and humidity
battery charge life, but LCD performance as well. The standard
rule of thumb applies here: If it's comfortable for you, your
computer should function optimally.
I
NUMBER:
S-0055
PAGE:
3 of 4
How to get the most out of the Equity LT
battery charge
It is possible
to extend the working
the Equity LT by following a few simple guidelines:
time
of
1) Turn the hard disk drive power OFF. For most applications,
constant access
to the hard disk drive is not required.
wait
for
the
Once the
application is
loaded into RAM,
HDD power switch
drive access
LED to go out and turn the
turn the HDD
off.
When you're ready
to save your work,
power switch back on, wait for the HDD to spin up and then
save.
Another alternative is to boot the LT from floppy
self-test will take
with the HDD power off.
The power-on
longer, and a "1701-C" error will display.
This is normal
Then you can
this
situation and
ignored.
should be
l:cess your application from the FDD.
This is
2) Set
the backlight
period
to 0.5 minutes.
accomplished from the SETUP program. If you pause to think
about what you're doing, the backlight will turn off after
30 seconds.
This drops
power consumption by as much as
580mA.
Also,
set the brightness and contrast controls as
low as is
between 1/2
comfortable.
The
difference
brightness and full brightness can be as much as 445mA.
consumption
3)
Run at 4.77 MHz.
The
difference
in power
between 4.77 MHz and 10 MHz is 70-80mA.
4)
Completely discharge the battery.
From time to time, let
the battery drain all the way down.
When the LOW BATTERY
(if any)
LED starts flashing,
save your work in progress
the power
and then leave the LT powered up.
Eventually,
supplied by the battery will drop below the threshold
level and the system will power down.
Then give it a full
(12 hour) recharge.
This will help to minimize the memory
effect.
I
NUMBER:
5)
PAGE:
S-0055
4 of 4
Traveling
Software has recently introduced a battery
package
called
monitoring
maintenance
software
and
Battery Watch. This package has been written specifically
including the
for a number of popular laptop systems,
Equity LT. Battery Watch provides the capability to:
Monitor
battery
life
Customize
the
Perform
"deep
a
(and
optionally
set
an
audible
alarm)
installation
discharge"
of
the
NiCad
It's a small (10-20KB) memory-resident
information, please contact:
battery
program.
For
more
Traveling Software, Inc.
19310 North Creek Parkway
Bothell, Wa. 98011
(206) 483-8088
it is possible to achieve
By following the above guidelines,
working times well in
excess of two hours with a hard drive,
backlit Equity LT.
I
EPSON
EPSON AMERICA, INC.
PRODUCT SUPPORT
SERVICE
PSB NO.: S-0053
SUBJECT:
EQUITY
BULLETIN
PAGE: 1 of 1
DATE: 6/1/88
I+/II+/III+/LT DIAGNOSTIC
"EXEC
failed"
MESSAGE
The purpose of this bulletin is to clarify the correct
usage of the DIAGNOSTIC DISK.
Many customers and dealers have contacted Epson's Technical
Support because of getting a "EXEC failed" error message
when trying to run the system diagnostics MEMORY test.
This occurs because many people are not booting the system
with the diagnostic disk but rather loading the diagnostic
program after booting from the MS-DOS system disk or hard
disk drive.
In the instructions for performing system
diagnostics the following statement is made:
Note:
To run the System diagnostics, boot your system with
the diagnostics diskette in drive A.
Then select
option 4 from the OPERATION menu. If you start this
program in any other way, some tests may produce
strange results.
The "EXEC failed" error message will not occur if the
diagnostic diskette is properly loaded,
Please note that the diagnostic diskette should not
modified in any way or similar results may occur.
be
If the diagnostics diskette was obtained through Epson
America's Training Department and does not contain the
system files then the system files should be copied to
the diagnostics disk before attempting to run the
diagnostic
programs.
L
EPSON
AMERICA
SERVICE,
23610
TEL0
AVENUE,
TORRANCE,
CALIF.
90505
Product Support Bulletin
Subject:
Using Expanded Memory with Equity and Apex Computers
Date:
Page:
3/2/90
1 of 6
Q1.
A.
Q2.
A.
PSB No:
Originator:
S-0047C
KAS ‘/“p&
What is Expanded Memory?
Conventional memory, managed by MS - DOS, is limited to 640K. In
response to the need for greater amounts of accessible memory, the
LIM EMS (Lotus/Intel/Microsoft Expanded Memory Specification) was
introduced in 1984. EMS, version 3.2, provides usable memory
beyond the 640K limit through “bank switching”. The expanded
memory is divided into 16K portions called “pages”. The computer
accesses these pages through a “page frame” or “window” which is
64K of memory located between 768K and 896K in 80286 - based
systems and between 800K and 960K in 8086 - or 8088 - based
systems. 16K pages of memory are allocated for an application’s
use and the EMM (Expanded Memory Manager) handles the job of
mapping the pages in and out of the page frame as they are
needed. However, in order to make use of expanded memory, the
software must be written to take advantage of the EMS. Software
such as Lotus 1 - 2 - 3, Microsoft Windows and Borland’s SideKick
Plus make use of expanded memory. EMS is limited to 8Mb of
expanded memory.
What is EEMS?
A superset of EMS, AQA EEMS (AST/Quadram/Ashton - Tate
Enhanced Expanded Memory Specification) provides greater flexibility
in the mapping of expanded memory. However, it also uses the
technique of “bank switching” and has its own memory manager
which accommodates such specially written software as Quarterdeck’s
DESQview. EEMS is also limited to 8Mb of expanded memory.
PSB No: S-0047C
Page: 2 of 6
Q3.
A.
Q4.
A.
Q5.
A.
What about the 155Mb RAM listed as the maximum for the Equity
III +?
This larger amount of RAM is the maximum usable memory range
for an 80286 microprocessor and generally refers to extended
memory. Extended memory starts at the 1Mb boundary and extends
out to 16Mb. As it requires a 24 - bit address to access memory in
this range, extended memory is handled by the protected mode of
the 80286. Examples of currently available software that can switch
into protected mode to use extended memory are Framework II,
AutoCAD, the VDisk RAM disk and Xenix OS.
How does LIM EMS 4.0, the latest version, differ from the earlier
version, LIM EMS 3.2?
EMS 4.0 supports up to 32Mb of expanded memory where EMS 3.2
supported only 8Mb. EMS 4.0 has been changed to make it easier
for applications to share expanded memory. In EMS 4.0, page
mapping has been streamlined and new functions allow application
programs to dynamically increase and decrease the amount of
expanded memory allocated to them. In previous versions of EMS,
the page frame was located in an unused 64K block of memory
between 640K and 1Mb. EMS 4.0, subject to limitations in the
system hardware, supports the page frame anywhere in the first 1Mb
of memory. Before EMS 4.0, the page frame held four pages. Now
you can define a page frame of up to eight pages in memory above
640K. The size of the page frame is limited only by the amount of
available memory. There has also been a change to support the
smaller than standard (16K) memory pages used by some expanded
memory boards.
Is EMS 4.0 compatible with my old expanded memory board?
The EMM 4.0 driver works with existing hardware. You don’t need
to buy a new expanded memory board. However, until you use
applications that have been written to take advantage of EMS 4.0,
you probably won’t notice much improvement in performance over
your older version.
PSB No: S-0047C
Page: 3 of 6
Q6.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity I and
Equity II?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity I and
II:
All Card w/MMU Multifunction
Liberty PC
Mini Magiccard (EV - 138)
AST SixPak Premium
AST Rampage
All Computers, Inc.
Quadram Corporation
Everex Systems, Inc.
AST Research
AST Research
Q7.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity Ill?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity Ill:
Grande Byte
Intel Above Board AT
Liberty AT
AST Advantage
AST Rampage AT
AST Ramvantage
STB Systems
Intel Corporation
Quadram Corporation
AST Research
AST Research
AST Research
Q8.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity I +?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity I +:
64/256KB Expansion Option
Above Board PC (1985)
Fastcard IV (1.6)
IBM
Intel Corporation
Thesys
Q9.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity le?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity le:
64/256KB Expansion Option
Quad Board II
Fastcard IV
RAMpage
IBM
Quadram
Thesys
AST Research
Note: The Intel Above Boards do not currently operate reliably with
the Equity le.
PSB No: S-0047C
Page: 4 of 6
Q10.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity II +
and Equity Ill + (10MHz models)?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity II +
and Equity Ill + (10MHz models):
Advantage Premium
Rampage 286 *
Above Board 286
Above Board 286 p/s
*
Grande Byte
*
Rio Grande
Elite 16
AST Research
AST Research
Intel Corporation
Intel Corporation
STB Systems
STB Systems
Profit Systems
* Will run at 8MHz, not at 10MHt.
Q11.
What memory expansion boards are compatible with the Equity II +
and Equity Ill + (12MHz models)?
A.
The following boards have been tested by Epson in the Equity II +
and Equity III + (12MHz models):
Rampage 286 Plus
Elite 16
Above Board Plus
AST Research
Profit Systems
Intel Corporation
NOTE: Previously boards from Micron Technology were listed as compatible
with the 12MHz models of the Equity II + and Equity Ill +. They
have been removed from the list because Micron no longer produces
ISA memory boards.
Q12.
A.
How do you expand the memory of the Equity 386/20?
Memory expansion in the Equity 386/20 can be accomplished by
adding SlMMs (single in - line memory modules) to the CHET - RM
board. Both 256K and 1Mb SlMMs are available from Epson
America. The 256K SlMMs are sold in 1Mb kits and the 1Mb
SlMMs are sold in 2Mb kits. Compatible third party 1Mb SlMMs are
available from Matsushita, Toshiba and CDC Enterprises. You can
also use third party memory expansion boards such as those listed
above for the Equity II +/Ill +.
PSB No: S-0047C
5 of 6
Page:
Q13.
A.
Are there any guidelines to installing the SlMMs in the Equity
386/20?
Yes, when SlMMs are installed to increase memory beyond 1Mb,
they must be installed so that banks of SlMMs are installed as
matched pairs. See the matrix below:
Memory
Bank 0
1MB
2MB
4MB
4MB
8MB
10MB
16MB
4X256KB
4X256KB
4X256KB
4X1MB
4X1 MB
4X1 MB
4X1 MB
Note:
Bank 1
Bank 2 Bank 3
4X256KB
4X256KB 4X256KB 4X256KB
4X1 MB
4X1 MB
4X1 MB
4X256KB 4X256KB
4X1 MB 4X1 MB
Refer to PSB S - 0095 for 18MB RAM Setup information.
Q14.
Is there a driver supplied with the Equity 386/20 to allow the use of
the extended memory as expanded memory?
A.
Yes, the Equity 386/20 system software includes the device driver
EEMM386EXE. This driver emulates LIM EMS 4.0 memory using
the extended memory supplied by the additional SIMMs. It will
support only the onboard memory above 1 MB, up to 15MB. This is
the maximum memory that can be installed on the CHET- RM
board. It will not support memory installed on memory expansion
boards.
Q15.
Are there any expanded memory boards that are compatible with the
Equity LT?
A.
No, the option slots on the LT require a special connector. The
hard drive controller and the LT cartridge modem are the only option
cards currently available from Epson America.
Q16.
What expanded memory boards are compatible with the Apex by
Epson?
A.
The Above Board PC from Intel Corporation has been tested by
Epson in the Apex.
PSB No: S-0047C
Page:
6 of 6
Q17.
Are there any general guidelines for determining the chip speed to
install on the memory expansion boards?
A.
Yes, if the CPU speed is 8MHz or less, use 150ns RAM chips. If
the CPU speed is 10/12MHz, use 120ns RAM chips.
Q18.
Is there anything that should be kept in mind during the installation
procedure for the memory expansion boards?
A.
Yes, when installing the memory boards in the Equity II + and Equity
Ill + (12MHz models), remember that the bus speed is 12MHz. For
example, the Intel Above Board 288 and Above Board Plus allow
you to set up the bus speed and chip speed in their installation
programs.
Q19.
What is meant by backfilling memory when using software such as
DESQview?
A.
Backfilling is a function of many expanded memory boards which
allows a portion of the board’s memory to be used as conventional
memory. In this way, you could turn a 256K system into one with
840K memory or more. In certain situations, you may want to
disable some of the computer’s conventional memory and the use
the memory on the expansion board (i.e. DESQview).
Q20.
Which Epson computers have memory settings that allow backfilling
memory?
A.
The Equity I, Equity I +, Equity II + and Equity Ill + allow backfill.
The Equity I comes with 256K standard and the Apex comes with
512K, thus allowing backfill. The Equity I + has DIP switch settings
allowing system memory to be disabled to 256K or 512K. The
Equity II+ and Equity Ill + have jumpers on the system memory
boards to allow memory to be disabled to 256K and 512K.
EPSON
EPSON AMERICA INC.
SERVICE DEPARTMENT
PRODUCT SUPPORT BULLETIN
DATE: 02/25/88
PSB #: 0036
SUBJECT: Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers
Q1.
Can I switch the CPU speed between 4.77 MHz and 10 MHz while the
L T is in operation ?
A.
Yes - the CPU and clock circuitry are fully synchronized.
Q2.
How can I adjust the speaker volume?
A.
You can’t. There is no provision, either hardware or software, for
volume control.
Q3.
What type of keyboard is the LT keyboard compatible with?
A.
The LT keyboard is compatible with the “old-style” PC/XT 83-key
keyboard. The only difference is the addition of the “SysReq” key and a
second “Ctrl” key. Since the ROM BIOS is compatible with that of the
“new-style” XT, support is provided for the “SysReq” key.
The LT keyboard has two “Ctrl” keys, to the left and right of the
space bar. Both keys return the identical scan code (1Dh), so it is not
possible to distinguish between the left and right keys, as can be done
with the enhanced AT-style 101-key keyboard.
Q4.
What is the shock resistance of the floppy and hard disk drives?
A.
Shock resistance of the FDD is as follows:
Operation
Non-operation
5G
50G
Shock resistance of the HDD is as follows:
Operation
Non-operation
Read
Write
5G
3G
70G
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 1 of 9
Q5.
Can I move my LT around while it is turned on ?
A.
With a dual-FDD LT, it should be okay to move it around as long as
both drive access LEDs are off. Moving it in the middle of a disk
access is definitely not recommended.
With the hard disk model, the HDD motor is normally on, even if there
is no drive access. Simply turn the HDD power switch (on the back of
the LT) off. When you’re finished moving, turn the HDD power back
on.
Q6.
How do I use a color CRT with my LT?
A.
Set DIP switch 4 (at the top of the keyboard) to the OFF position and
connect the monitor to the connector labeled CRT on the back of the
LT. The switch setting can be changed while the computer is turned on:
However, some applications may not operate correctly. If this happens,
turn the LT off, wait at least 5 seconds, then turn the power back on.
This will assure correct operation.
Q7.
Can I use an EGA monitor with my LT?
A.
Certainly. It will work just like connecting an EGA monitor to a CGA
card in a desktop PC - that is, you won’t get the high-resolution
graphics and the denser character cell in text mode.
Q8.
Are the option slots compatible with the IBM PC/XT?
A.
The shape and size of the option slot connectors are different, so
existing option cards cannot be used. However, the signal, data and
power supply lines are the same as the PC/XT.
Q9.
Can third-party option cards be installed in the LT?
A.
Since the form factor of the connectors is unique to the LT, at present
only the modem and hard disk controller made by Epson can be used.
Q10.
Can an 8087 be used?
A.
No, no socket is provided for a numeric co-processor. One of the main
reasons is that an 8087 consumes a relatively high amount of power,
which would adversely affect battery life.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 2 of 9
Q11.
What kind of mouse can I use?
A.
Just about any mouse can be used with the LT, provided it uses the
RS-232C serial interface (like the Microsoft Serial-PS/2 Mouse).
Q12.
Can the amount of RAM memory be increased?
A.
No. Epson does not provide any memory expansion capabilities.
Q13.
Can I use a light pen?
A.
No. Even though the necessary I/O registers are present, there is no
connector for the light pen.
Q14.
What kind of external FDD can use with the LT?
A.
The external FDD interface was designed to be compatible with the
Toshiba laptops (such as the T1100+), so any external 5.25” FDD that
works with a Toshiba will work with the LT. One such drive is the
model NTHLPFL from the Nth Group in Canoga Park, California. Their
phone number is (818) 883-5506.
Q15.
How many FDDs are supported by the LT?
A.
As with most laptops, the ROM BIOS will support two FDDs. Even if
you have an external drive connected, you still can only access drives
A and B.
Q16.
When an external FDD is connected to the LT, which drive letter
should be assigned to the external drive?
A.
DIP switch 2 (on the back of the LT) determines whether the external
drive will be A or B. Typically, you would assign it as A if you were
using copy-protected software that requires a “key” disk, or running
certain game programs that require booting from drive A. Otherwise,
it’s a matter of personal preference.
Q17.
Is it possible to use a 360 KB and a 1.2 MB FDD?
A.
No. The LT supports a 250 KB per second transfer rate, so the 360 KB
drive works fine. The 1.2 MB FDD uses a higher transfer rate and is,
therefor, not compatible.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 3 of 9
Q18.
Can I install the HDD option kit myself?
A.
The installation procedure is very complex, and should only be
performed by authorized servicers.
Q19.
Does the HDD automatically park the heads in the shipping zone when
the LT is turned off?
A.
No, head parking is a little different on the LT. Approximately 5
seconds after the last HDD access, the heads are driven to the shipping
zone and the drive access LED goes out. Whenever the LED is out, YOU
may safely shut down. Never power off when the LED is on!
Q20.
Is it possible to perform a low-level (physical) format on the HDD?
A.
All LT HDDs are physically formatted at the factory before shipment,
with any bad cylinders being properly mapped out. Users do not need
to do a physical format themselves. For this reason, the HDFMTALL
program is not included on the LT Reference Diskette.
Q21.
Why is there a separate power switch for the HDD?
A.
This feature conserves the charge of the built-in battery pack. When
working without the AC adapter, you may want to turn off the HDD
when you’re not using it, thereby prolonging battery charge life. The
HDD (and fan) use considerably more power than the FDD.
Q22.
Can I turn off the HDD power switch after I've turned on the
computer?
A.
Of course. You may turn the HDD power off either before or after
turning the LT on.
Q23.
Can I access the HDD after the HDD power switch has been turned
off?
A.
1.
If you turn the computer on as usual (HDD power on) and then
power off the HDD, you may access the HDD after turning the
HDD power on and waiting for the drive to spin-up.
2.
If you turn the HDD power off and then turn the LT on, you will
not be able to access the HDD at all, even if you turn it on later.
Also, you will get a “1701C” after a lengthy boot-up, because the
system’s CMOS configuration RAM is expecting to “find” the HDD.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 4 of 9
Q24.
What other HDDs can I use with the LT? Can I use an external HDD?
A.
Only the proper internal HDD from Epson can be used with the LT.
Q25.
How many HDDs can be used with the LT?
A.
Only one HDD is supported.
LCD Displays
Q26.
Can I replace the EL (electroluminescent) element in the backlit LCD?
A.
Yes, you can. The replacement procedure is explained in Appendix A of
the Equity LT User’s Guide. However, it can be a rather tricky
operation and we strongly recommend that your dealer do the
replacement.
Q27.
What is the expected lifetime of the EL element?
A.
The EL element, like any kind of light bulb, will gradually lose
brightness. “Lifetime” for the EL element is defined as the time it
takes for the element to fall to half of the original brightness. This
works out to approximately 500 hours at maximum brightness. You can
extend this period by adjusting the brightness down, keeping the EL
only as bright as needed in order to see the screen clearly.
Q28.
What is the "backlight period"?
A.
This is another feature that extends the useful life of the EL element.
You can set an option with the SETUP command to have the EL turn
off after a period of no keyboard activity. You can set the time in
half-minute increments from 0.5 through 5.0 minutes. You can also set
“NO Time Limit” to cause the EL to remain on constantly. After the EL
turns off, you turn it back on by pressing a key. The backlight period
value is stored in system CMOS RAM.
Q29.
What is the aspect ratio of the LCD display?
A.
The aspect ratio for both LCDs is 1:1.4. (The aspect ratio needed to
obtain true circles is 1:2.4.)
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 5 of 9._ _ _ .
Q30.
How are colors distinguished on the LCD display?
A.
Text mode
In text mode, the CGA can display 16 colors (8 normal, 8 intensified),
In LCD mode 3, 8 gradations are used for the 8 normal colors and the
double-width font is used for the intensified colors. Note that in LCD
modes 0, 1 and 2 that the colors are not distinguished. Intensity is
represented by use of the double-width font or a halftone.
Graphics mode
CGA can display 4 colors at the same time in the 320 x 200 graphics
mode. There are two methods available with the LCD display. Method 1
can display only 3 shades (4 simulated); Method 2 can display 4 shades.
LCD modes 0 and 2 use Method 1; modes 1 and 3 use Method 2 and are
thereby the better choice for displaying graphics.
Q31.
Why are there 4 LCD modes.? What are
A.
In LCD mode 3, 8 gradations and the double-width font are used
instead of colors in text mode. However, it is difficult to read
characters in a light shade or characters in which the foreground and
background shades are similar. To resolve this, other LCD modes are
provided. Roughly speaking, the differences in text mode (80 x 25 and
30 x 25) are as follows:
the differences between them?
Mode 0
A11 non-black characters use the white shade, with the
double-width font being used for intensified characters.
Mode 1
All non-black characters use the white shade, with halftone
being used for intensified characters.
Mode 2
All non-black characters use the white shade, with the
double-width font being used for intensified characters.
Mode 3
8 gradations are used for the 8 normal CGA colors. The
double-width font is used for intensified characters.
Q32.
How long does it take to charge the battery pack?
A.
For full charge, it takes 12 hours when the LT is turned off. The
battery pack cannot be overcharged, so it is perfectly safe to leave it
connected for more than 12 hours. Also, remember that NiCad batteries
need to be fully discharged from time to time for maximum effective
life. So occasionally let the battery pack discharge to the point that
the “Low Battery” LED comes on.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 6 of 9
Q33.
Is the battery being charged if I’m using the computer?
A.
Yes, the battery is being charged whenever you have the AC adapter
connected. It will take longer to charge if the LT is turned on,
however.
Q34.
Can I use any other AC adapter?
A.
NO! Use only the Epson adapter that comes with the LT.
Q35.
Can I use the adapter with 220/240 volts, as well 110/120? The adapter
label says “100 - 120 VAC” for input.
A.
Yes, you can. The label was printed that way for the U.L. and C.S.A.
regulatory agencies. You will probably need an adapter plug for the
different wall sockets overseas.
Q36.
How long is the battery life ? How long can I use the LT after the
“Low Battery” LED starts flashing?
A.
The following table shows the battery life for each configuration. The
values are approximate.
I
Configuration
I Term
Full Access
I No Access
FDD model
t
Reflective LCD
FC -> LB
LB -> SD
Total
1:20
0:30
1:50
FDD model
t
Backlit LCD
FC -> LB
LB -> SD
Total
0:55
0:25
1:20
*1
*1
*1
5:20
0:50
6:10
*2
*2
*2
HDD model
t
Reflective LCD
FC -> LB
LB -> SD
Total
HDD model
t
Backlit LCD
FC -> LB
LB -> SD
Total
0:25
0:15
0:40
*1
*1
*1
3:45
0:35
4:20
*2 *3
*2 *3
*2 *3
6:00
1:00
7:00
Full access: "COPY a:*.* b:" or "COPY a:*.* c:"
No access: No activity, including no keyboard input.
FC: Full charge
LB: Low battery (when "Low Battery" LED starts flashing)
SD: System down
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 7 of 9_____
*1 : Maximum backlight brightness
*2 : Backlight turned off
*3 : HDD switch turned off
Q37.
What are the differences in the ROM BIOS between the Equity LT and
the Equity I+?
A.
The differences are:
1)
The Equity LT ROM BIOS turns off the EL element of the backlit
LCD if a specified time has passed without keyboard input. The
backlight is restored by pressing any key. The backlight period is
stored in system CMOS RAM.
2)
The Equity LT supports both LCD and RGB displays. The frame
frequency is different between the LCD display (88 Hz) and the
RGB display (60 Hz). The BIOS changes frame frequency
automatically, depending on which display is enabled.
3)
A “quick boot” function has been added to the LT BIOS. Holding
down the “Alt” key while powering on causes the BIOS boot code
to bypass the RAM test.
Q38.
What are the differences between the Equity LT Reference diskette and
the Equity I+ Diagnostics diskette?
A.
The differences are:
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
The title and date of the copyright.
ROMBIOS has been changed so that it doesn’t display the machine
name. HELP has been changed accordingly.
The checksum test for the ROM BIOS has been deleted.
HDFMTALL.EXE has been deleted.
HDSIT has been removed as the HDD moves the heads to the
shipping zone after approx. 5 seconds.
SETUP now also sets the backlight period.
The monochrome display, secondary parallel port and math coprocessor tests have been removed. Also, the “Modifying the
DEVICE LIST” selection has been removed.
The LIGHTON command has been added.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 8 of 9
Q39.
What are the differences in GW-BASIC 3.20 between the Equity LT and
other desktop computers?
A.
The version of GW-BASIC provided with the LT is the same version
supplied with the Equity + series PCs. However, due to the fundamental
differences between a desktop and a laptop PC, certain GW-BASIC
commands and functions do not apply to the LT. Specifically, the LT
doesn’t support commands that control:
-
Hercules and EGA
A joystick
A light pen
Networking
More than one parallel port
An enhanced (101-key) keyboard
Q40.
What does the LIGHTON command do?
A.
If you have set the backlight period, the EL element turns off after
the specified amount of time. Pressing any key calls the LT’s ROM
BIOS keyboard routine, which re-activates the EL element. However, if
a keyboard driver (such as KEYBxx) is loaded, the BIOS keyboard
routine is bypassed. This can also occur with certain terminate-andstay-resident (TSR) programs. LIGHTON will trap the keystroke and
invoke the BIOS keyboard routine long enough to activate the EL
element, then return control to the driver or TSR. Be sure and load
LIGHTON after you load the driver or TSR; the order is very
important.
Q41.
Can I run OS/2 on my LT?
A.
No. OS/2 requires a minimum of an 80286 CPU and 1.5 MB of RAM.
The LT uses an NEC V30 CPU, which is 8086-compatible, and provides
a maximum of 640 KB of RAM.
Q42.
If an application requires you to select a monitor type in the
installation procedure, which choice should I make for the LT?
A.
The LCD display of the LT emulates the CGA (Color Graphics Adapter)
standard. You should choose that option. Also, some applications let you
select “no color” or “single color” for the CGA implementation - this
may make the display easier to read, Finally, some applications (such as
Sidekick Plus) have an option like “Black and White (for Portables)“. If
so, you should select this option.
Equity LT - Common Questions and Answers - Page 9 of 9
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