2011 Ruckus (NPS50) Owner`s Manual
10/04/07 09:52:59 31GGA620 0007 Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Scooter Safety ..................................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your scooter.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 13
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your scooter and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 27
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your scooter are ready to
ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 37
How to start and stop the engine, and
use the brakes. Also, includes riding
precautions.
10/04/07 09:53:10 31GGA620 0008 Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 59
Why your scooter needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 135
How to store and transport your scooter
and how to be an environmentally
responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 143
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 163
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 185
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 194
Index..................................................... 196
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
10/04/07 09:52:28 31GGA620 0002 2011
Honda NPS50
RUCKUS
OWNER’S MANUAL
10/04/07 09:52:34 31GGA620 0003 Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
scooter.
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section and
an index at the back of the book.
Your Honda is designed for on road use
by one rider only.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your scooter and how it works. To
protect your investment, we urge you to
take responsibility for keeping your
scooter well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
Introduction
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
10/04/07 09:52:40 31GGA620 0004 Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 189 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important product information.
Introduction
10/04/07 09:52:45 31GGA620 0005 A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this scooter safely is
an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a scooter. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the scooter.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
10/04/07 09:52:51 31GGA620 0006 A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Scooter Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this scooter correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
10/04/07 09:53:18 31GGA620 0010 Scooter Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
scooter safely. Please take a few moments
to read these pages. This section also
includes a special message for parents and
information about the location of safety
labels on your scooter.
Important Safety Information ................. 2
Important Message to Parents ................. 5
Accessories & Modifications .................. 9
Safety Labels ...........................................11
Scooter Safety
1
10/04/07 09:53:23 31GGA620 0011 Important Safety Information
Your scooter can provide many years of
service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider to be most important.
2
Scooter Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet. We also recommend
that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots,
gloves, and other protective gear
(page 28 ).
Never Carry a Passenger
Your scooter is designed for one person
only. There are no handholds, footrests, or
seat for a second person−so never carry a
passenger. A passenger could interfere
with your ability to move around to
maintain your balance and control of the
scooter.
10/04/07 09:53:28 31GGA620 0012 Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle Riding Tips, which came
with your new scooter (USA only).
Because many crashes involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a motorcycle operator
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 30 .
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see scooters because
they are not looking for them. To make
yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride Defensively
The most frequent scooter collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
scooter. Another common situation is a car
moving suddenly into your lane.
Scooter Safety
3
10/04/07 09:53:33 31GGA620 0013 Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
scooter crashes. Never ride beyond your
personal abilities or faster than conditions
warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs,
fatigue, and inattention can significantly
reduce your ability to make good
judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Scooter Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your scooter
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your scooter before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 36 ), and
do not modify your scooter (page 10) or
install accessories that would make your
scooter unsafe (page 9 ).
10/04/07 09:53:38 31GGA620 0014 Important Message to Parents
In certain states, it may be legal for a
young person to operate this scooter. If it
is permissible in your area and you plan to
allow a young person to operate this
scooter, we urge you to read this message.
Your child’s safety is very important to
Honda.
Riding a scooter can be fun. But, as with
riding a bicycle, bad judgment can result
in injury, and we don’t want that to
happen! As a parent, you can help prevent
accidents by making good decisions about
if, when, and how your youngster rides
this scooter.
Riding Readiness
The first decision you’ll need to make is
whether your youngster is ready to ride.
Riding readiness varies widely from one
person to another, and age and size are not
the only factors.
PHYSICAL ABILITY is an important
consideration. For example, riders must be
big enough to hold the scooter up, get on,
and comfortably sit on the seat with both
feet touching the ground. They should also
be able to easily reach and work the brakes,
throttle, and all other controls.
Scooter Safety
5
10/04/07 09:53:42 31GGA620 0015 Important Message to Parents
ATHLETIC ABILITY is necessary for
riding a scooter. Generally speaking, your
youngster should be good at riding a
bicycle before getting on a scooter. Can
your youngster judge speeds and distances
while riding a bicycle and react with
proper hand and foot actions? Anyone
who does not have good coordination,
balance, and agility is not ready to ride
this scooter.
6
Scooter Safety
MENTAL AND EMOTIONAL
MATURITY are requirements for safe
riding. Does your youngster think through
problems and come to logical solutions?
On a bicycle, does your youngster obey
safe riding rules? Be honest! Young
people who take unnecessary risks, make
bad judgments, and don’t obey rules are
not ready to ride this scooter.
10/04/07 09:53:47 31GGA620 0016 Important Message to Parents
Instruction and Supervision
If you decide that your youngster is ready
to safely operate this scooter, make sure
both of you carefully read and understand
the owner’s manual before riding. Also be
sure that your youngster has a helmet and
other appropriate riding equipment and
always wears it when operating the
vehicle or sitting on it.
GOOD INSTRUCTION is an important
part of hands-on training. The teacher can
either be you or another responsible adult
who has experience riding. (For help in
finding a qualified instructor, talk with
your Honda dealer.) Even if you’re not the
main teacher, it’s up to you to ensure your
youngster’s safety. Remember, learning to
ride a scooter is a gradual, step-by-step
process. It takes time, patience, and
practice−many hours over a period of
weeks or months.
Scooter Safety
7
10/04/07 09:53:51 31GGA620 0017 Important Message to Parents
SUPERVISION is another important
obligation of parents. Even after
youngsters have become skilled riders,
they should always ride with adult
supervision. It helps to regularly remind
young riders of basic safety rules and
precautions. And remember, it’s your
responsibility to see that the scooter is
properly maintained and kept in safe
operating condition.
8
Scooter Safety
SAFE AND RESPONSIBLE RIDING
must be an on-going commitment−by
you and your youngster. When you both
put safety first, you can enjoy more peace
of mind, and your youngster can enjoy
more hours of safe riding.
10/04/07 09:53:57 31GGA620 0018 Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your scooter or using nonHonda accessories can make your scooter
unsafe. Before you consider making any
modifications or adding an accessory, be
sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
Honda Genuine Accessories that have
been specifically designed and tested for
your scooter. Because Honda cannot test
all other accessories, you must be
personally responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
(cont’d)
Scooter Safety
9
10/04/07 09:54:04 31GGA620 0019 Accessories & Modifications
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the scooter’s electrical
system capacity (page 170 ). A blown
fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine
power (page 156 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
scooter. This scooter was not designed
for these attachments, and their use can
seriously impair your scooter’s handling.
Do not install any fairing or windscreen
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your scooter. Some fairings
or windscreens, even smaller ones, can
cause unstable handling of your scooter.
This is especially true if the fairing or
windscreen is poorly designed or
improperly mounted.
10
Scooter Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your scooter
in any way that would change its design or
operation. Such changes could seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, stability,
and braking, making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
scooter illegal.
10/04/07 09:54:11 31GGA620 0020 Safety Labels
Safety labels on your scooter either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious
injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t
remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Scooter Safety
11
10/04/07 09:54:19 31GGA620 0021 Safety Labels
12
Scooter Safety
10/04/07 09:54:29 31GGA620 0022 Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
scooter.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Operation Component Locations ............14
Gauges & Indicators ................................17
Controls & Features.................................20
Ignition Switch ....................................20
Start Button..........................................22
Engine Stop Switch .............................22
Headlight Dimmer Switch ..................23
Turn Signal Switch ..............................23
Horn Button .........................................24
Rear Brake Lock..................................24
Instruments & Controls
13
10/04/07 09:54:34 31GGA620 0023 Operation Component Locations
rear brake lock lever
front brake
lever
rear brake
lever
throttle grip
headlight
dimmer switch
engine stop switch
turn signal switch
horn button
start button
ignition switch
14
Instruments & Controls
10/04/07 09:54:38 31GGA620 0024 Operation Component Locations
owner’s manual storage
Instruments & Controls
15
10/04/07 09:54:41 31GGA620 0025 Operation Component Locations
helmet holder
kickstarter
16
Instruments & Controls
10/04/07 09:54:48 31GGA620 0026 Gauges & Indicators
The gauges and indicators on your scooter
keep you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the gauges and
indicators frequently. Their functions are
described on the following pages.
(1)
(2)
(1) speedometer
(2) turn signal indicator
(3) high coolant temperature indicator
(4) fuel reserve indicator
(5) high beam indicator
(6) odometer
USA: Odometer reads in miles.
Canada: Odometer reads in kilometers.
(3)
(6)
(5)
(4)
Instruments & Controls
17
10/04/07 09:54:53 31GGA620 0027 Gauges & Indicators
Lamp Check
When applicable, the high beam indicator
comes on when you turn the ignition
switch ON and remains on until you select
the low beam.
If this indicator does not come on when it
should, have your Honda dealer check for
a burned-out bulb or other problems.
18
Instruments & Controls
10/04/07 09:55:03 31GGA620 0028 Gauges & Indicators
1
speedometer
2
turn signal indicator
(green)
high coolant temperature
indicator (red)
3
4
fuel reserve indicator
(orange)
5
high beam indicator
(blue)
odometer
Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) per hour.
Flashes when either turn signal operates.
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See pages 154 − 155 for
instructions and cautions. When this indicator is lit,
the vehicle speed will be automatically restricted.
When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel
reserved in the tank is about:
0.32 US gal (1.2 )
6
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada)
ridden.
Instruments & Controls
19
10/04/07 09:55:12 31GGA620 0029 Controls & Features
Ignition Switch
The ignition switch ( 1 ) is used for starting
and stopping the engine (page 39 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention
(page 55 ). Insert the key and turn it to the
right for the ON position. Push down on
the key and turn it to the left to the LOCK
(steering lock) position.
To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push down on the key and turn it to the
right to the OFF position.
20
Instruments & Controls
Key Position
ON
OFF
LOCK
(steering
lock)
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
No electrical
circuits function.
Allows the steering
head to be locked.
10/04/07 09:55:17 31GGA620 0030 Controls & Features
FRONT
ON
OFF
(1)
The key can be positioned between ON
and OFF. However, in this position, the
electrical system does not work and the
key cannot be removed.
LOCK
(1) ignition switch
Instruments & Controls
21
10/04/07 09:55:25 31GGA620 0031 Controls & Features
Start Button
START or
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 40 .
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(For USA)
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
(1)
(For Canada)
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
The electric starter will only work when
the brake lever is pulled in.
Instruments & Controls
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
22
(2)
OFF
RUN
10/04/07 09:55:33 31GGA620 0032 Controls & Features
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the ignition
switch ON and the engine stop switch
OFF, the taillight will remain on, resulting
in battery discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking.
Remember to return the switch to the
center (off) after completing your turn or
lane change.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
23
10/04/07 09:55:41 31GGA620 0033 Controls & Features
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Rear Brake Lock
Be sure the rear brake is applied while
starting and warming up the engine.
The rear brake lock will not function if the
rear brake is not adjusted properly
(page 112 ).
To Apply the Brake Lock
Squeeze the rear brake lever ( 1 ) and set
the brake lock lever ( 2 ).
The rear brake lock will not be applied if
the rear brake is not adjusted properly
(page 112 ).
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
(1)
〈To apply〉
(1) rear brake lever (2) brake lock lever
24
Instruments & Controls
10/04/07 09:55:47 31GGA620 0034 Controls & Features
To Release the Brake Lock
Squeeze the rear brake lever.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(2)
Before riding, make sure that the rear
brake is fully released so there is no drag
on the rear wheel.
(1)
〈To release〉
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
Instruments & Controls
25
10/04/07 09:55:49 31GGA620 0035 26
Instruments & Controls
10/04/07 09:55:58 31GGA620 0036 Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your scooter, and adjustments to make for
your comfort, convenience, or safety. This
section also includes important
information about loading.
If you’re a parent, be sure you also read
the Important Message to Parents on
page 5.
Are You Ready to Ride? .........................28
Protective Apparel ...............................28
Rider Training .....................................30
Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?..............32
Pre-ride Inspection ..............................32
Load Limits & Guidelines.......................35
Loading ................................................35
Load Limits .........................................36
Loading Guidelines .............................36
Before Riding
27
10/04/07 09:56:06 31GGA620 0037 Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your scooter for the first
time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
28
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
10/04/07 09:56:14 31GGA620 0038 Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmet and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you always wear a helmet,
eye protection, and other
protective apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
29
10/04/07 09:56:20 31GGA620 0039 Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your scooter.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other scooters, take time to become
familiar with how this scooter works and
handles. Practice riding the scooter in a
safe area to build your skills. Do not ride
in traffic until you get accustomed to the
scooter’s controls, and feel comfortable
with its size and weight.
30
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a motorcycle
operator course approved by the
Motorcycle Safety Foundation (MSF).
New riders should start with the basic
course, and even experienced riders will
find the advanced course beneficial. For
information about the MSF training course
nearest you, call the national toll-free
number: (800) 446-9227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
scooter (USA only).
10/04/07 09:56:24 31GGA620 0040 Are You Ready to Ride?
ALWAYS wear a helmet.
You should also wear a face shield or goggles.
Clothes should be close-fitting.
Wear gloves.
Wear bright or reflective clothing.
Boots should be close-fitting, have low heels and offer ankle protection.
Before Riding
31
10/04/07 09:56:30 31GGA620 0041 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your scooter and make sure any problem
you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the scooter:
Tires &
Wheels
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
32
Before Riding
Look at the tires. If a tire
appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for
signs of excessive wear
(page 117 ) or damage to
the tires and wheels.
10/04/07 09:56:39 31GGA620 0042 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
Walk around your scooter
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a
leak or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight,
brakelight, taillight, and
turn signals are working
properly.
Check these items after you get on the
scooter:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the front and rear
brake levers to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the gauges and
indicators (page 17 ).
Before Riding
33
10/04/07 09:56:43 31GGA620 0043 Is Your Scooter Ready to Ride?
If you haven’t ridden the scooter in over a
week, you should also check other items,
such as the oil level and other fluids. See
Periodic Maintenance (page 66 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
34
Before Riding
10/04/07 09:56:49 31GGA620 0044 Load Limits & Guidelines
Your scooter has been designed as a rideronly scooter. It has not been designed to
carry a passenger or cargo. A passenger or
cargo could interfere with your ability to
move around to maintain your balance and
control of the scooter.
In addition, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your scooter’s handling, braking,
and stability. Non-Honda accessories,
improper modifications, and poor
maintenance can also reduce safety
margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your scooter,
and how you load it, are important to your
safety. If you decide to carry cargo, you
should be aware of the following
information.
Overloading or carrying a
passenger can cause a crash and
you can be seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
Before Riding
35
10/04/07 09:56:57 31GGA620 0045 Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Loading Guidelines
Following are the load limits for your
scooter:
As discussed on page 35 , we recommend
that you do not carry any cargo on this
scooter. However, if you decide to carry
any cargo, ride at reduced speeds and
follow these common-sense guidelines:
maximum weight capacity:
220 lb (100 kg)
includes the weight of the rider and all
accessories.
36
Before Riding
Check that both tires are properly
inflated (page 115 ).
Never ride with a passenger. The
scooter is not designed to carry a
passenger.
Make sure all cargo is secured before
riding.
Never exceed the maximum weight
limit.
10/04/07 09:57:07 31GGA620 0046 Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle and
brakes.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 173 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ..........................38
Starting & Stopping the Engine ..............39
Preparation...........................................39
Starting Procedure ...............................40
How to Stop the Engine ......................44
Riding ......................................................45
Braking ....................................................52
Parking .....................................................54
Theft-prevention Tips .........................57
For information about carburetor
adjustment for riding at high altitude, see
page 174 .
To protect the catalytic converter in your
scooter’s exhaust system, avoid extended
idling and the use of leaded gasoline.
Basic Operation & Riding
37
10/04/07 09:57:12 31GGA620 0047 Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your scooter for the first
time, please review the Scooter Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on
page 27 .
Even if you have ridden other scooters,
take time to become familiar with how
this scooter works and handles. Practice in
a safe area until you build your skills and
get accustomed to the scooter’s size and
weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your scooter.
38
Basic Operation & Riding
10/04/07 09:57:19 31GGA620 0048 Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your scooter’s exhaust contains
poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can
collect rapidly in an enclosed area and
cause illness or death.
This scooter has an automatic fuel valve
and choke; there is no manual operation.
Operate the kickstarter or start button for
slightly longer than usual without opening
the throttle if the scooter has been left
standing for a long time or when the fuel
tank has just been refilled.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
Do not use the electric starter for more
than 5 seconds at a time. Release the start
button for approximately 10 seconds
before pressing it again.
Basic Operation & Riding
39
10/04/07 09:57:25 31GGA620 0049 Starting & Stopping the Engine
LEFT HANDLEBAR
Starting Procedure
(2)
1. Place the scooter on its center stand.
2. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) and setting the
brake lock lever ( 2 ).
(1)
Contact with the spinning rear
wheel can cause you to be hurt.
Set the parking brake when the
scooter is on its center stand.
The electric starter will only work when
the brake lever is pulled in.
40
Basic Operation & Riding
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
10/04/07 09:57:34 31GGA620 0050 Starting & Stopping the Engine
3. Make sure the engine stop switch is at
RUN.
4. Turn the ignition switch ( 3 ) ON.
(For USA)
BELOW HANDLEBAR
ON
5. With the throttle closed, push the start
button ( 4 ). Release the start button as
soon as the engine starts.
CLOSED
(3)
(4)
(For Canada)
PUSH
CLOSED
(3) ignition switch
(4) start button
(4)
PUSH
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
41
10/04/07 09:57:43 31GGA620 0051 Starting & Stopping the Engine
6. Be sure to keep the throttle ( 5 ) closed
and the rear brake locked while starting
and warming up the engine.
7. Allow the engine to warm up before
riding (see Riding, page 45 ).
To Start the Engine Without Electric Starter
1. Follow steps 1− 4 .
2. With the throttle closed, operate the
kickstarter with a rapid, continuous
motion.
Do not ‘‘blip’’ (rapidly open and close)
the throttle. This action may cause the
scooter to move forward suddenly.
Allowing the kickstarter to snap back
freely against the pedal stop can damage
the engine case.
Raise the kickstarter pedal after the
kickstarter lever is returned to the stop.
CLOSED
(5)
(5) throttle
42
Basic Operation & Riding
10/04/07 09:57:48 31GGA620 0052 Starting & Stopping the Engine
If You Cannot Restart a Warm Engine
1. Place the scooter on its center stand,
squeeze the rear brake lever, and set the
rear brake lock (page 24 ).
2. Open the throttle ( 1 ) 1/8 − 1/4 turn
while starting the engine.
1/4
1/8
(1)
(1) throttle
Basic Operation & Riding
43
10/04/07 09:57:55 31GGA620 0053 Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, turn the ignition switch
OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your scooter is stopped with the engine
stop switch OFF and the ignition switch
ON, the taillight will remain on, resulting
in battery discharge.
44
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
10/04/07 09:58:02 31GGA620 0054 Riding
1. To prevent unexpected movement,
make sure the throttle is closed and the
rear brake is locked (page 24 ) before
moving the scooter off its center stand.
2. Stand on the left side of the scooter and
push it forward and off the center stand.
(1)
(2)
CLOSED
(3)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
(3) throttle
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
45
10/04/07 09:58:07 31GGA620 0055 Riding
3. Mount the scooter from the left side,
keeping at least one foot on the ground
to steady the scooter.
4. To unlock the rear wheel, squeeze the
rear brake lever ( 1 ) until the brake lock
lever ( 2 ) releases.
(2)
(1)
(1) rear brake lever
(2) brake lock lever
46
Basic Operation & Riding
10/04/07 09:58:15 31GGA620 0056 Riding
5. Before starting off, indicate your
direction with the turn signals, and
check for safe traffic conditions. Grasp
the handlebars firmly with both hands.
6. To accelerate, open the throttle ( 3 )
gradually. The scooter will move
forward.
Do not blip (rapidly open and close) the
throttle as the scooter will move forward
suddenly.
7. To decelerate, close the throttle.
OPEN
CLOSED
(3)
(3) throttle
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
47
10/04/07 09:58:20 31GGA620 0057 Riding
8. To slow the scooter, reduce the throttle
( 3 ) and apply the front and rear brakes
( 4 ) together.
Using only one brake reduces stopping
performance. Excessive brake
application may cause either wheel to
lock, reducing control of the scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(3) throttle
(4)
(4) front and rear brakes
48
Basic Operation & Riding
10/04/07 09:58:27 31GGA620 0058 Riding
9. When approaching a corner or turn,
slow the scooter by closing the throttle
( 3 ) fully and applying both the front
( 5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes at the same
time.
10. After completing a turn, open the
throttle gradually to accelerate the
scooter.
CLOSED
(3)
(6)
(3) throttle
(5)
(5) front brake
(6) rear brake
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
49
10/04/07 09:58:33 31GGA620 0059 Riding
11. When descending a steep grade, close
the throttle ( 3 ) fully and apply both the
front ( 5 ) and rear ( 6 ) brakes to slow
the scooter.
Avoid continued use of the brakes,
which may cause the brakes to overheat
and reduce braking efficiency.
CLOSED
(5)
(6)
(3)
(3) throttle
50
(5) front brake
Basic Operation & Riding
(6) rear brake
10/04/07 09:58:36 31GGA620 0060 Riding
12. When riding in wet or rainy conditions
or loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop is reduced. For your
safety:
Exercise extreme caution when
braking, accelerating, or turning.
Ride at slower speeds and allow for
extra stopping distance.
Keep the scooter as upright as
possible.
Use extreme caution when riding
over slippery surface such as railroad
tracks, iron plates, manhole covers,
painted lines, etc.
Basic Operation & Riding
51
10/04/07 09:58:42 31GGA620 0061 Braking
Your scooter is equipped with
mechanically activated drum brakes.
Operating the front brake lever applies the
front drum brake. Operating the rear brake
lever applies the rear drum brake.
To slow or stop, apply the front and rear
brake levers smoothly.
As a general rule, the front braking system
provides about 70 percent of total stopping
power.
For support, before coming to a complete
stop, put your left foot down first, then
your right foot down.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the brake levers simultaneously. Using
both braking systems will stop your
scooter faster with greater stability.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your scooter. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
52
Basic Operation & Riding
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed.
10/04/07 09:58:48 31GGA620 0062 Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your scooter.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 30 ) to retain these skills.
For your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade, use
both brakes intermittently. Continuous
brake application can overheat the brakes
and reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your hand on either brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a
false indication to other drivers. It may
also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control.
Basic Operation & Riding
53
10/04/07 09:58:55 31GGA620 0063 Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the center stand.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your scooter. Refer to Catalytic
Converter, page 181 .
If you must park on a hill, position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
2. Use the center stand to support the
scooter while parked.
To lower the center stand, stand on
the left side of the scooter. Hold the
left handle grip and rear grip. Press
down on the tip of the stand with
your right foot and, simultaneously,
pull up and back.
54
Basic Operation & Riding
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the stand
for support.
USE CENTER STAND
10/04/07 09:59:02 31GGA620 0064 Parking
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the
handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left. Push in on the
ignition key ( 1 ) and turn it to LOCK.
Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and
push the key in and turn it to the right to
the OFF position.)
LOCK STEERING
To lock
(1)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(A)
To unlock
(1) ignition key
(A) push in
(B) turn to LOCK
(C) turn to UNLOCK
(cont’d)
Basic Operation & Riding
55
10/04/07 09:59:09 31GGA620 0065 Parking
4. Use the helmet holder ( 2 ) to secure
your helmet with your scooter:
Insert the ignition key ( 3 ) and turn it
counterclockwise to unlock the
holder.
Hang your helmet on the holder
pin ( 4 ).
Push in on the holder pin. Remove
the key.
To remove a helmet, insert the ignition
key and turn it counterclockwise to release
the helmet holder pin. Remove the helmet
from the helmet holder. Push in on the
holder pin. Remove the key.
LEFT SIDE
(4)
(3)
(2) helmet holder
(3) ignition key
(4) holder pin
56
Basic Operation & Riding
(2)
10/04/07 09:59:16 31GGA620 0066 Parking
Theft-prevention Tips
Park your scooter in a locked garage
whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in
a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 55 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked scooter to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a scooter to a secure
object.
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your scooter. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your scooter is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
57
10/04/07 09:59:18 31GGA620 0067 58
Basic Operation & Riding
10/04/07 09:59:28 31GGA620 0068 Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your scooter in good shape,
this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and Environment Canada
(EC), see page 175 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance .............62
Maintenance Safety .................................63
Important Safety Precautions ..............64
Periodic Maintenance ..............................66
Maintenance Schedule ............................68
Maintenance Record................................73
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 156 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
59
10/04/15 15:18:59 31GGA620 0069 Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Maintenance Component Locations .......75
Owner’s Manual Storage.........................78
Seat...........................................................79
Inner Cover Removal ..............................80
Maintenance Lid Removal ......................81
Chassis
Brakes .................................................. 109
Tires ..................................................... 115
Electrical
Battery ................................................. 123
Appearance Care ................................. 128
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..........................................................82
Engine Oil & Strainer Screen..................85
Coolant.....................................................95
Air Cleaner ..............................................99
Crankcase Breather ............................. 101
Engine
Throttle ................................................ 102
Engine Idle Speed................................ 104
Spark Plug ........................................... 106
60
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 09:59:57 31GGA620 0070 Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your scooter. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your scooter’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
32
Periodic Maintenance
66
Maintenance Schedule
68
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your scooter
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
An optional tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.
Servicing Your Honda
61
10/04/07 10:00:02 31GGA620 0071 The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained scooter will also help
to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your scooter before each ride, perform the
periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
scooter or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your scooter overturns or is involved in
a crash, be sure your Honda dealer
inspects all major parts, even if you are
able to make some repairs.
62
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:00:08 31GGA620 0072 Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the appropriate tools.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
63
10/04/07 10:00:14 31GGA620 0073 Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot scooter parts. Let the
engine and exhaust system cool before
touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
64
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the scooter from falling
over, park it on a firm, level surface,
using the center stand to provide
support.
Be sure the rear brake lock is set before
running the engine while the scooter is
supported by the center stand. This will
prevent the rear wheel from spinning
and avoid the possibility of someone
being injured from contacting the wheel.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
10/04/07 10:00:17 31GGA620 0074 Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. To ensure the best
quality and reliability, use only new
Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual
(page 186 ).
Servicing Your Honda
65
10/04/07 10:00:22 31GGA620 0075 Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 68 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 32 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your scooter, or as often as once a
week if you ride frequently or for long
distances. It’s a good idea to perform this
maintenance any time you clean your
scooter.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 68 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
66
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:00:32 31GGA620 0076 Periodic Maintenance
Tires &
Wheels
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 115 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 117 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 117 ). Roll your scooter so you can inspect the entire
surface.
Check the condition of the wheels.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 89 ) and coolant (page 96 ).
Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any
low fluid level.
Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the front and rear brake levers (page 109 ), and
throttle grip.
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
67
10/04/07 10:00:37 31GGA620 0077 Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your scooter serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your scooter serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
68
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 186 ).
10/04/07 10:00:43 31GGA620 0078 Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
scooter best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only Honda
Genuine Parts or their equivalents for
repair or replacement to ensure the best
quality and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 32 )
and owner maintenance (page 70 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 186 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
69
10/04/07 10:00:50 31GGA620 0079 Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the scooter is
ridden often at full throttle or in the rain.
4. Replace every 2 years.
Replacement requires mechanical skill.
70
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
10/04/07 10:00:59 31GGA620 0080 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
ITEM
FUEL LINE
*
THROTTLE OPERATION
*
AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUG
VALVE CLEARANCE
*
ENGINE OIL
*
*
*
*
*
ENGINE OIL STRAINER
SCREEN
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
NOTE
2
3
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
7.5
0.6
2.5
5
12
1.0
4
8
I
I
I
I
R
C
C
C
R
EVERY 15,000 mi (24,000 km) I
INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or
1 month: R
REGULAR = EVERY 2,500 mi
(4,000 km) or 6 months: R
C
I
I
I
I
4
I
I
Refer to
page
−
−
99
101
106
−
85
93
104
95
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).
Servicing Your Honda
71
10/04/07 10:01:08 31GGA620 0081 Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
ITEM
*
*
**
*
*
**
**
*
**
72
NOTE
BRAKE SHOE WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LOCK OPERATION
HEADLIGHT AIM
CLUTCH SHOE WEAR
SUSPENSION
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
WHEELS/TIRES
STEERING HEAD BEARINGS
× 1,000 mi
× 1,000 km
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
0.6
7.5
5
2.5
1.0
12
8
4
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
114
109
24
−
−
−
−
−
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 186 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:01:15 31GGA620 0082 Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your scooter is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the scooter
is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the scooter to the new owner. Make sure
whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance,
including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record
anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600
(1,000)
2,500
(4,000)
5,000
(8,000)
7,500
(12,000)
10,000
(16,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
73
10/04/07 10:01:21 31GGA620 0083 Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
12,500
(20,000)
15,000
(24,000)
17,500
(28,000)
20,000
(32,000)
22,500
(36,000)
25,000
(40,000)
27,500
(44,000)
30,000
(48,000)
74
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
10/04/07 10:01:25 31GGA620 0084 Maintenance Component Locations
front brake lever
rear brake lever
throttle grip
Servicing Your Honda
75
10/04/07 10:01:29 31GGA620 0085 Maintenance Component Locations
owner’s manual
battery
main fuse
fuse box
coolant reserve tank
engine oil fill cap/dipstick
76
Servicing Your Honda
fuel fill cap
10/04/07 10:01:33 31GGA620 0086 Maintenance Component Locations
throttle stop screw
(engine idle speed)
air cleaner
crankcase
breather tube
spark plug
engine oil strainer screen
engine oil strainer cap
engine oil drain bolt
Servicing Your Honda
77
10/04/07 10:01:40 31GGA620 0087 Owner’s Manual Storage
Your scooter provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the owner’s
manual storage compartment on the
underside of the seat.
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your scooter.
To open:
Open the seat (page 79 ).
Remove the screw ( 2 ) with a coin and
open the cover ( 3 ).
78
Servicing Your Honda
UNDERSIDE OF THE SEAT
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) plastic storage bag
(2) screw
(3) cover
10/04/07 10:01:48 31GGA620 0088 Seat
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
The seat ( 1 ) must be opened to service
engine idle speed, and to access the
owner’s manual.
LEFT SIDE
To open:
Push the seat hook ( 2 ) and lift the seat.
To close:
1. Lower the seat.
2. Push down on the left side of the seat
until it locks.
(1)
Make sure the seat is securely closed.
(1) seat
(2) seat hook
(2)
Servicing Your Honda
79
10/04/07 10:01:56 31GGA620 0089 Inner Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
The inner cover must be removed to
service the fuse and battery.
RIGHT SIDE
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
(1)
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) screws
(2) tabs
(3) inner cover
80
Removal
1. Remove the screws ( 1 ).
2. Release the tabs (2), then remove the
inner cover (3).
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:02:06 31GGA620 0090 Maintenance Lid Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
The maintenance lid must be removed to
service the spark plug and engine idle
speed.
(3)
STEPBOARD
(2)
(3) maintenance lid
Removal
1. Pull the tab ( 1 ) and open the fuel tank
lid ( 2 ).
2. Remove the maintenance lid ( 3 ).
(1)
(1) tab
(2) fuel tank lid
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse
order of removal.
Servicing Your Honda
81
10/04/07 10:02:14 31GGA620 0091 Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
Use only unleaded fuel in your Honda.
The use of leaded fuel will damage the
catalytic converter(s). If you ride your
Honda in a country where leaded fuel
might be available, take precautions to use
only unleaded fuel.
Your engine is designed to use any
unleaded gasoline that has a pump octane
number of 86 or higher. Gasoline pumps
at service stations normally display the
pump octane number. For information on
the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 182 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
82
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:02:24 31GGA620 0092 Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Fuel Capacity
UNDER STEPBOARD
(2)
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
(3)
(4)
(1)
(1) tab
(2) fuel tank lid
(3) ignition key
(4) fuel fill cap
1. Pull the tab ( 1 ) and open the fuel tank
lid ( 2 ).
2. Insert the ignition key ( 3 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 4 ) and turn it clockwise.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
83
10/04/07 10:02:30 31GGA620 0093 Fuel
3. Remove the fuel fill cap by turning it
counterclockwise.
4. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 5 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
(5)
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
5. After refueling, install the fuel fill cap
by turning it clockwise.
6. Turn the ignition key counterclockwise
and remove it.
7. Close the fuel tank lid.
(5) filler neck
84
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:02:36 31GGA620 0094 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Using the proper oil (page 86 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 71 .
Servicing Your Honda
85
10/04/07 10:02:43 31GGA620 0095 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
86
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-30
MA
Servicing Your Honda
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent
motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
10/04/07 10:02:51 31GGA620 0096 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Your scooter does not need oil additives.
Use the recommended oil.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication.
NOT RECOMMENDED
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
Servicing Your Honda
87
10/04/07 10:02:56 31GGA620 0097 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index for
engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle
engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard is labeled
on the oil container. For example, the
following label shows the MA
classification.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
88
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:03:05 31GGA620 0098 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
1. Park your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick ( 1 ) and
wipe it clean.
5. Insert the oil fill cap/dipstick until it
seats, but don’t screw it in.
(2)
(3)
(1) oil fill cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
89
10/04/07 10:03:12 31GGA620 0099 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
6. Remove the oil fill cap/dipstick and
check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
7. Reinstall the oil fill cap/dipstick.
8. Check for oil leaks.
90
Servicing Your Honda
Changing Engine Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench, as well as a means for disposing
of the drained fluid (page 141 ). If you do
not have the skills or the tools, see your
Honda dealer.
10/04/07 10:03:20 31GGA620 0100 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the engine oil
drain bolt ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil fill cap/
dipstick ( 2 ), engine oil drain bolt, and
sealing washer ( 3 ).
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(1)
(3)
(1) engine oil drain bolt
(2) oil fill cap/dipstick
(3) sealing washer
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
91
10/04/07 10:03:31 31GGA620 0101 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 141 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the engine oil drain bolt.
Replace the washer every other time the
oil is changed.
Install the engine oil drain bolt and
tighten it to the specified torque:
18 lbf·ft (24 N·m , 2.4 kgf·m)
7. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 86 ),
approximately:
0.6 US qt (0.6 )
92
Servicing Your Honda
8. Install the oil fill cap/dipstick securely.
9. Lock the rear wheel (page 24 ).
10. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
11. Stop the engine. Wait 2−3 minutes.
12. Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil fill cap/dipstick.
13. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
10/04/07 10:03:41 31GGA620 0102 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
Engine Oil Strainer Screen
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
3. Place a drain pan under the oil plug ( 1 ).
4. To drain the oil, remove the oil fill cap/
dipstick ( 2 ), oil plug, spring ( 3 ) and oil
strainer screen ( 4 ).
5. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 141 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
6. Clean the oil strainer screen.
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(1) oil plug
(2) oil fill cap/dipstick
CRANKCASE
(1)
(3)
(4)
(3) spring
(4) oil strainer screen
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
93
10/04/07 10:03:52 31GGA620 0103 Engine Oil & Strainer Screen
7. Check the oil strainer screen, sealing
rubber, and oil plug O-ring are in good
condition.
8. Install the oil strainer screen, spring and
oil plug. Tighten the oil plug to
specified torque:
15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
9. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 86 ),
approximately:
0.7 US qt (0.7 )
10. Install the oil fill cap/dipstick securely.
94
Servicing Your Honda
11. Lock the rear wheel (page 24 ).
12. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes.
13. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
Check that the oil level is at the upper
level mark on the oil fill cap/dipstick
(page 89 ).
14. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
10/04/07 10:03:58 31GGA620 0104 Coolant
Your scooter’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this scooter. This
coolant solution is recommended for most
operating temperatures and provides good
corrosion protection.
Servicing Your Honda
95
10/04/07 10:04:05 31GGA620 0105 Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
RIGHT SIDE
(2)
(3)
(1)
(1) reserve tank
(2) UPPER level mark
(3) LOWER level mark
1. Park the scooter on its center stand on a
firm, level surface.
96
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:04:12 31GGA620 0106 Coolant
2. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank ( 1 ). It should be
between the UPPER ( 2 ) and LOWER
( 3 ) level marks.
RIGHT SIDE
(4)
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
(4) reserve tank cap
3. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 4 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
4. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
5. Reinstall the reserve tank cap.
Servicing Your Honda
97
10/04/07 10:04:19 31GGA620 0107 Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 186 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment,
page 141 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
98
Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:04:25 31GGA620 0108 Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your scooter’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine wear.
Servicing Your Honda
99
10/04/07 10:04:33 31GGA620 0109 Air Cleaner
LEFT SIDE
Replacement
(3)
1. Remove the tapping screws ( 1 ) and
remove the air cleaner housing cover
( 2 ).
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(3) air cleaner
(2)
(1)
(1) tapping screws
(2) air cleaner housing cover
100 Servicing Your Honda
2. Remove the air cleaner (3).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
10/04/07 10:04:40 31GGA620 0110 Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your scooter is ridden in the
rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube plug ( 1 ).
2. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in
the tube.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube
plug.
Servicing Your Honda
101
10/04/07 10:04:51 31GGA620 0111 Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(3)
(1) rubber dust cover
(2) lock nut
(2)
(3) adjuster
102 Servicing Your Honda
Adjustment
1. Pull the rubber dust cover ( 1 ) back.
2. Loosen the lock nut ( 2 ).
3. Turn the adjuster ( 3 ).
4. Tighten the lock nut. Return the dust
cover to its normal position.
5. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
10/04/07 10:04:56 31GGA620 0112 Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
103
10/04/07 10:05:04 31GGA620 0113 Engine Idle Speed
The best way to assure proper carburetion
is to see your Honda dealer for regularly
scheduled servicing, including carburetor
adjustment.
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
UNDER SEAT
(−)
(+)
(1)
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
(1) throttle stop screw
For information about high altitude
carburetor adjustment, see page 174 .
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with 10 minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
104 Servicing Your Honda
10/04/07 10:05:12 31GGA620 0114 Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your scooter on its center stand on
a firm, level surface.
3. Remove the maintenance lid (page 81 ).
4. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
5. Open the seat (page 79 ).
6. Lock the rear wheel by squeezing the
rear brake lever and setting the lock
lever (page 24 ).
Start the engine.
7. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
2,000 ± 100 rpm
Servicing Your Honda
105
10/04/07 10:05:22 31GGA620 0115 Spark Plug
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for cold
climate
(below 5°C,
41°F)
for
extended
high speed
riding
Spark Plug Replacement
CR8EH-9 (NGK)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
CR7EH-9 (NGK)
1. Remove the maintenance lid (page 81 ).
UNDER STEPBOARD
CR9EH-9 (NGK)
(1)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
106 Servicing Your Honda
(1) spark plug cap
10/04/07 10:05:31 31GGA620 0116 Spark Plug
2. Disconnect the spark plug cap ( 1 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the cap.
3. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug base.
Using a spark plug wrench, remove the
spark plug.
4. Discard the spark plug.
5. Check the spark plug gap ( 2 ), using a
wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is
necessary, bend the side electrode ( 3 )
carefully.
The gap should be:
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
(3)
(2)
(2) spark plug gap
(3) side electrode
6. With the plug washer attached, thread
the spark plug in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
107
10/04/07 10:05:39 31GGA620 0117 Spark Plug
7. Tighten the spark plug:
If the old plug is good:
1/8 turn after it seats.
If installing a new plug, tighten it
twice to prevent loosening:
a) First, tighten the plug:
NGK: 1/2 turn after it seats.
b) Then loosen the plug.
c) Next, tighten the plug again:
1/8 turn after it seats.
An improperly tightened spark plug can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
108 Servicing Your Honda
8. Reinstall the spark plug cap. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
9. Reinstall the maintenance lid.
10/04/07 10:05:44 31GGA620 0118 Brakes
Mechanically activated drum braking
systems on your scooter dissipate the heat
generated by the friction of the brake
shoes on the drum as the wheels are
slowed.
Brake Lever Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
(2)
(1)
(1) front brake lever
(2) rear brake lever
Servicing Your Honda
109
10/04/07 10:05:53 31GGA620 0119 Brakes
Adjust the freeplay of the brake lever with
the front wheel pointed straight ahead.
Inspection
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Check freeplay by pulling in slowly on
the front brake lever ( 1 ) and rear brake
lever ( 2 ) until each brake starts to
engage.
Freeplay at the tip of the brake levers
should be:
3/8−13/16 in (10−20 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified
range.
Front Adjustment
1. Adjust the freeplay of the front brake
lever.
Adjust by turning the front brake
adjusting nut ( 1 ) a half-turn at a time.
Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting
nut is seated on the brake arm pin ( 2 ).
LEFT FRONT
(1)
(+)
(2)
(−)
(1) front brake
adjusting nut
(2) brake arm pin
110 Servicing Your Honda
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
10/04/07 10:06:00 31GGA620 0120 Brakes
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
After adjustment, push the brake arm ( 3 )
to confirm that there is a gap between the
front brake adjusting nut and the brake
arm pin.
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) front brake
adjusting nut
(2) brake arm pin
(3) brake arm
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of
the brake lever.
Servicing Your Honda
111
10/04/07 10:06:07 31GGA620 0121 Brakes
Rear Adjustment
1. Adjust the freeplay of the rear brake
lever.
Adjust by turning the rear brake
adjusting nut ( 1 ) a half-turn at a time.
Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting
nut is seated on the brake arm pin ( 2 ).
LEFT REAR
(1)
(+)
(2)
(1) rear brake
adjusting nut
(2) brake arm pin
(−)
(+) increase freeplay
(−) decrease freeplay
112 Servicing Your Honda
2. Apply the brake, release it, and then
spin the wheel and check that it rotates
freely. Repeat this procedure several
times.
3. Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust
the freeplay properly, see your Honda
dealer.
10/04/07 10:06:15 31GGA620 0122 Brakes
After adjustment, push the brake arm ( 3 )
to confirm that there is a gap between the
rear brake adjusting nut and the brake arm
pin.
(2)
(1)
cut-out
correctly
seated
(3)
cut-out
not seated
(1)
(2)
(1) rear brake
adjusting nut
(2) brake arm pin
(1) front and rear brake adjusting nut
(2) brake arm pin
(3) brake arm
After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of
the brake lever.
Other Inspections
Make sure the brake arm, spring, and
fasteners are in good condition.
Servicing Your Honda
113
10/04/07 10:06:24 31GGA620 0123 Brakes
LEFT REAR
Brake Shoe Wear
(4)
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
(3)
The front and rear brakes are equipped
with external brake wear indicators that let
you check brake wear without disassembly.
Application of the brake control causes the
arrow on the brake arm to move toward a
reference mark on the brake panel.
LEFT FRONT
(1)
(4)
(3)
(2)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
114 Servicing Your Honda
(2)
(1) arrow
(2) brake arm
(3) reference mark
(4) brake panel
1. Place your scooter on its center stand.
2. Apply the brake and check the
movement of the arrow ( 1 ) on the
brake arm ( 2 ). Replace the brake shoes
if the arrow aligns with the reference
mark ( 3 ) on the brake panel ( 4 ) upon
full application of the brake. If
replacement is necessary, see your
Honda dealer.
10/04/07 10:06:30 31GGA620 0124 Tires
To safely operate your scooter, your tires
must be the proper type and size, in good
condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your scooter ride harshly, are more prone
to damage from road hazards, and wear
unevenly.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
Servicing Your Honda
115
10/04/07 10:06:37 31GGA620 0125 Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Tubeless tires have some degree of selfsealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the scooter has been
parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
116 Servicing Your Honda
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your scooter has only
been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
25 psi (175 kPa ,
1.75 kgf/cm )
25 psi (175 kPa ,
1.75 kgf/cm )
10/04/07 10:06:46 31GGA620 0126 Tires
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
Tread Wear
(1)
(2)
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
Servicing Your Honda
117
10/04/15 15:19:07 31GGA620 0127 Tires
Inspect the wear indicator ( 1 ) to check for
insufficient tread depth.
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
Tire Service Life
The service life of your tires is dependent
on many factors, including, but not limited
to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle
loading, tire pressure, maintenance history,
speed, and environmental conditions (even
when the tires are not in use).
In addition to your regular inspections and
tire pressure maintenance, it is
recommended that you have annual
inspections performed once the tires reach
5 years old. It is also recommended that all
tires be removed from service after 10
118 Servicing Your Honda
years from the date of manufacture,
regardless of their condition or state of
wear.
The last four digits of the TIN (tire
identification number) ( 1 ) are found on
the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the
date of manufacture.
Tire Identification Number (TIN)
The tire identification number (TIN) is a
group of numbers and letters that look like
the following example. The TIN is located
on the sidewall of the tire.
DOT ×××× ×××× 22 07
(2)
(3)
(4)
10/04/15 15:19:15 31GGA620 0128 Tires
DOT − This indicates that the tire meets
all requirements of the U.S. Department of
Transportation.
(2) ×××× − Factory code
(3) ×××× − Tire type code
(4) 22 07 − Date of manufacture
Year
Week
TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE
(1)
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
(1) tire identification number (TIN)
Servicing Your Honda
119
10/04/15 15:19:21 31GGA620 0129 Tires
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo, and have the
tire replaced or permanently repaired as
soon as possible. (For more information
on temporary repairs, see If You Have a
Flat Tire, page 150 .)
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 30 mph
(50 km/h) for the first 24 hours. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
120 Servicing Your Honda
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
The tires that came on your scooter were
designed to match the performance
capabilities of your scooter and provide
the best combination of handling, braking,
durability, and comfort.
10/04/15 15:19:30 31GGA620 0130 Tires
When replacing, use the original
equipment tires or equivalent tires of the
same size, construction, speed rating, and
load range as the originals.
The recommended tires for your scooter
are:
front
rear
type
120/90-10 57J
KENDA K761
130/90-10 61J
KENDA K761
bias-ply, tubeless
Installing improper tires on your
scooter can affect handling and
stability. This can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
121
10/04/15 15:19:37 31GGA620 0131 Tires
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this scooter. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this scooter.
The rims are designed for tubeless tires,
and during hard acceleration or braking,
a tube-type tire could slip on the rim
and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.
10/04/15 15:19:44 31GGA620 0132 Battery
Your scooter has a maintenance-free type
battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
If you do not expect to ride your scooter
for at least two weeks, we recommend you
remove the battery, or at least disconnect
the battery cables (negative cable first).
If you plan to store your scooter, see
Battery Storage, page 124 .
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery, even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your scooter or do not ride
frequently, we recommend that you
charge the battery frequently (see Battery
Charging, page 127 ).
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash your hands after
handling.
Servicing Your Honda
123
10/04/15 15:19:51 31GGA620 0133 Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
If you plan to store your scooter, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow charging it
every 30 days (see Battery Charging,
page 127 ).
124 Servicing Your Honda
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
10/04/15 15:20:02 31GGA620 0134 Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
behind the inner cover.
RIGHT FRONT (behind inner cover)
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) bolt A
(2) negative (−) terminal lead
(3) tab
(4) fuse box cover
(4)
Removal
1. Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.
2. Remove the inner cover (page 80 ).
3. Remove bolt A ( 1 ) which secures the
negative (−) terminal lead ( 2 ).
4. Release the tab ( 3 ), then remove the
fuse box cover ( 4 ).
5. Remove bolt B ( 5 ) which secures the
positive (+) terminal lead ( 6 ).
6. Remove bolt C ( 7 ), then remove the
battery holder ( 8 ).
7. Pull the battery ( 9 ) out of the battery
box.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
125
10/04/15 15:20:10 31GGA620 0135 Battery
RIGHT FRONT (behind inner cover)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(9)
(8)
(5) bolt B
(6) positive (+) terminal lead
(7) bolt C
(8) battery holder
(9) battery
126 Servicing Your Honda
8. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
9. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
10. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
11. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Installation
1. Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.
Be sure to connect the positive (+)
terminal first, then the negative (−)
terminal.
2. Check all bolts and other fasteners are
secure.
10/04/15 15:20:17 31GGA620 0136 Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
(1)
(1) charger
We recommend using a charger ( 1 )
designed specifically for your Honda,
which can be purchased from your Honda
dealer. These units can be left connected
for long periods without risking damage to
the battery. However, do not intentionally
leave the charger connected longer than
the time period recommended in the
charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a scooter battery and cause
permanent damage.
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
Servicing Your Honda
127
10/04/15 15:20:26 31GGA620 0137 Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your scooter. A clean
scooter is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
To clean your scooter, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
128 Servicing Your Honda
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your scooter.
If your scooter is still warm from recent
operation, give the engine and exhaust
system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
scooter in bright sunlight may cause the
finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your scooter regularly to protect
surface finishes.
10/04/15 15:20:31 31GGA620 0138 Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your scooter. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your scooter.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, and coolant).
Servicing Your Honda
129
10/04/15 15:20:39 31GGA620 0139 Appearance Care
Washing Your Scooter with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
1. Rinse your scooter thoroughly with cool
water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing scooters or
automobiles.
3. Wash your scooter with a sponge or a
soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
130 Servicing Your Honda
4. After washing, rinse your scooter
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your scooter with a chamois or a
soft towel. Leaving water on the surface
to air dry can cause dulling and water
spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and
scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
10/04/15 15:20:46 31GGA620 0140 Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your scooter at a
slow speed and apply the brakes several
times. This will help dry the brakes and
restore normal braking performance.
TEST BRAKES
Spray Cleaning Your Scooter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
Servicing Your Honda
131
10/04/15 15:20:54 31GGA620 0141 Appearance Care
Scooter Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
132 Servicing Your Honda
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
10/04/15 15:21:00 31GGA620 0142 Appearance Care
Clean the Matte Painted Surface
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
Use a soft cloth or sponge, plenty of water,
and a mild detergent to clean the matte
paint. Dry with a soft, clean cloth.
Do not use polishing compounds or wax
containing polishing compounds. These
can damage or discolor the paint.
To keep your Honda looking new, clean
and polish it frequently.
Servicing Your Honda
133
10/04/15 15:21:05 31GGA620 0143 Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
After washing your scooter, consider
using a commercially available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for scooters or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your scooter is chipped or
scratched, your Honda dealer has touch-up
paint to match your scooter’s color. Be
sure to use your scooter’s color code
(page 166 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
134 Servicing Your Honda
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
10/04/07 10:08:50 31GGA620 0144 Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................ 136
Transporting Your Scooter.................. 140
You & the Environment ...................... 141
Tips
135
10/04/07 10:08:59 31GGA620 0145 Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your scooter and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your scooter
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Winter Storage Guide,
available from your Honda dealer (USA
only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your scooter in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
136 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
This procedure requires a means for
draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 141 ).
1. Change the engine oil (page 90 ) and
clean the oil strainer screen (page 93 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution
(page 95 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
10/04/07 10:09:07 31GGA620 0146 Storing Your Honda
4. Drain the carburetor into an approved
gasoline container and dispose of it in
an approved manner (page 141 ).
If storage will last longer than one
month, carburetor draining is important,
to assure proper performance after
storage.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
5. To prevent rusting in the cylinder,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug cap from the
spark plug. Using tape or string,
secure the cap to any convenient
plastic body part so that it is
positioned away from the spark plug.
Remove the spark plug from the
engine and store it in a safe place. Do
not connect the spark plug to the
spark plug cap.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into the cylinder and
cover the spark plug hole with a piece
of cloth.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
(cont’d)
Tips
137
10/04/15 15:21:14 31GGA620 0147 Storing Your Honda
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plug and spark
plug cap.
6. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery
(page 127 ) once a month.
7. Wash and dry your scooter. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
8. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 115 ).
138 Tips
9. Store your scooter in an unheated area,
free of dampness, away from sunlight,
with a minimum of daily temperature
variation.
10. Place your scooter on blocks to lift both
tires off the floor.
11. Cover your scooter with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
10/04/15 15:21:21 31GGA620 0148 Storing Your Honda
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
1. Uncover and clean your scooter.
2. If your scooter has been stored for more
than four months –– change the engine
oil (page 90 ).
3. If your scooter has been stored for more
than two months –– ask your Honda
dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 127 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 32 ),
then test-ride your scooter at low speeds.
Tips
139
10/04/07 10:09:28 31GGA620 0149 Transporting Your Scooter
If your scooter needs to be transported, it
should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do
not tow your scooter, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the scooter, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
140 Tips
10/04/07 10:09:33 31GGA620 0150 You & the Environment
Owning and riding a scooter can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally responsible scooter
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your scooter. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
141
10/04/07 10:09:36 31GGA620 0151 142 Tips
10/04/07 10:09:44 31GGA620 0152 Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your scooter
while you’re riding. It tells you how to
evaluate each problem and what actions
you can take to try to resume riding. If the
problem cannot be safely solved, this
section also gives instructions on the
proper way to have your scooter
transported.
General Guidelines ..............................
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ..........................................
If You Have a Flat Tire .......................
If Your Engine Overheats ...................
If a Fuse Blows....................................
If You Crash ........................................
If You Lose Your Key ........................
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) .......
144
145
150
154
156
159
160
161
For information about transporting your
scooter, see page 140 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
143
10/04/07 10:09:52 31GGA620 0153 Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your scooter well-maintained is
the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road.
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, proper tools, and any other items
(such as tire repair supplies and additional
tools) that might help you solve a problem
on your own.
144 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your scooter is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
10/04/07 10:09:57 31GGA620 0154 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your scooter won’t start, listen as you
press the start button. If you don’t hear the
starter motor turning, refer to the Starter
motor doesn’t operate symptom. If you
can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
145
10/04/15 15:21:32 31GGA620 0155 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating
(page 156 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
low (or dead) battery
Charge the battery (page 127 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
146 Taking Care of the Unexpected
10/04/15 15:21:41 31GGA620 0156 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
Install the spark plug cap securely. If the engine
loose or unconnected spark
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
plug cap
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
Charge the battery (page 127 ). If charging doesn’t
weak battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
147
10/04/07 10:10:28 31GGA620 0157 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 104 ). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
overheating
Check the high coolant temperature indicator.
Refer to If Y our Engine Overheats, page 154 .
runs erratically, misfires
May damage catalytic converter.
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
148 Taking Care of the Unexpected
10/04/07 10:10:39 31GGA620 0158 If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 82 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
May damage catalytic converter.
See your Honda dealer.
May damage catalytic converter.
pre-ignition (runs on after
ignition switched OFF)
See your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
149
10/04/07 10:10:45 31GGA620 0159 If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
center stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Scooter Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your scooter
transported to a Honda dealer or other
150 Taking Care of the Unexpected
qualified service facility. Even with a
simple puncture, this may be the safest
and least troublesome solution. For
transporting instructions, see page 140 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
10/04/07 10:10:50 31GGA620 0160 If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your scooter with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
check the air pressure. If the tire is losing
pressure, it may be unsafe to continue
riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect
the handling of your scooter and it may
overheat and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without cargo) until the tire is replaced or
permanently repaired. Stop frequently and
Taking Care of the Unexpected
151
10/04/15 15:21:47 31GGA620 0161 If You Have a Flat Tire
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
152 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should You Repair or Replace a
Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 119 .
10/04/07 10:10:59 31GGA620 0162 If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 64 .
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
153
10/04/07 10:11:05 31GGA620 0163 If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the high coolant temperature indicator
(page 17 ) comes on for no apparent
reason, pull safely to the side of the road.
If possible, park in a shady area.
As long as the high coolant temperature
indicator is lit, the vehicle speed will be
automatically restricted.
154 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
10/04/07 10:11:10 31GGA620 0164 If Your Engine Overheats
Check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located on the right side of your
scooter (page 96 ).
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 96 ).
After adding coolant, ride at moderate
speeds (10 mph, 16 km/h). If the high
coolant temperature indicator lights
again, do not ride. The engine needs
repair. Transport your scooter to a
Honda dealer (page 140 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the high coolant temperature
indicator frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the indicator.
Be prepared to stop and add more coolant
or water. If the leak is bad, transport your
scooter to a Honda dealer (page 140 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
10/04/07 10:11:18 31GGA620 0165 If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
scooter have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow
(short circuit or overload).
The main fuse and circuit fuse box
(including spare fuses) are located near
the battery.
Recommended Fuses
If something electrical on your scooter
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
main fuse
other fuses
20A
10A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
10/04/07 10:11:27 31GGA620 0166 If a Fuse Blows
2. To access the main fuse and circuit
fuses, remove the inner cover
(page 80 ).
RIGHT FRONT (behind inner cover)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(6)
(5)
3. Release the tab ( 1 ), then remove the
fuse box cover ( 2 ).
4. Pull the main fuse ( 3 ) out.
If it is blown ( 7 ), install the spare main
fuse ( 4 ).
5. To check or replace a circuit fuse ( 5 ),
pull the old fuse out of its retaining
clips. Look for a burned wire inside the
fuse. If the fuse is blown ( 7 ), replace it
with a spare fuse ( 6 ) of the same rating.
If you do not have a replacement fuse with
the proper rating for the circuit, install one
with a lower rating.
(4)
(1) tab
(2) fuse box cover
(3) main fuse
(4) spare main fuse
(5) circuit fuses
(6) spare fuse
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
(cont’d)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
10/04/07 10:11:34 31GGA620 0167 If a Fuse Blows
MAIN FUSE & CIRCUIT FUSE
(7)
(7) blown fuse
6. Install the fuse box cover.
7. Install the inner cover.
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
scooter. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your scooter checked by
your Honda dealer.
10/04/07 10:11:39 31GGA620 0168 If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after a
crash. If you or anyone else has been
injured, take time to assess the severity of
the injuries and whether it is safe to
continue riding. Call for emergency
assistance if needed. Also follow
applicable laws and regulations if another
person or vehicle is involved in the crash.
If you decide that you are capable of
riding safely, first evaluate the condition
of your scooter. If the engine is still
running, turn it off and look it over
carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check
the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and
secure such parts as the handlebar, control
levers, brakes, and wheels.
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your scooter thoroughly
checked at a qualified service facility as
soon as possible. Also, be sure to have
your Honda dealer check the frame and
suspension after any serious crash.
If your scooter cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Scooter, page 140 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
10/04/07 10:11:44 31GGA620 0169 If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer where you
purchased your Honda. They may have it
listed in their records. If they don’t,
transport your scooter to them or the
nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will
probably have to remove the ignition
switch assembly to find the key number so
they can make a key for you.
10/04/07 10:11:48 31GGA620 0170 If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your scooter’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
10/04/07 10:11:50 31GGA620 0171 162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
10/04/07 10:11:58 31GGA620 0172 Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your scooter.
Vehicle Identification..........................
Specifications ......................................
Break-in Guidelines ............................
High Altitude Carburetor
Adjustment ..........................................
Emission Control Systems ..................
Catalytic Converter .............................
Oxygenated Fuels ................................
Technical Information
164
167
173
174
175
181
182
163
10/04/07 10:12:03 31GGA620 0173 Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The VIN and engine serial number are
required when you register your scooter.
They may also be required when ordering
replacement parts. You may record these
numbers in the Quick Reference section at
the rear of this manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
is stamped on the left side of the frame
and also appears on the Safety
Certification Label attached to the left
side of the frame.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
164 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:12:09 31GGA620 0174 Vehicle Identification
LEFT SIDE
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
back of the crankcase near the rear wheel.
LEFT REAR
(3)
(2)
(2) VIN
(3) engine number
Technical Information
165
10/04/07 10:12:15 31GGA620 0175 Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
RIGHT SEAT RAIL
The color label ( 1 ) is attached to the right
seat rail. Open the seat (page 79 ) to check
the label.
(1)
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
166 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:12:22 31GGA620 0176 Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
73.2 in (1,860 mm)
28.9 in (735 mm)
40.4 in (1,025 mm)
49.8 in (1,265 mm)
5.7 in (145 mm)
Technical Information
167
10/04/07 10:12:32 31GGA620 0177 Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
1.32 US gal (5.0 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 0.7 US qt (0.7 )
after draining: 0.6 US qt (0.6 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene
glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors
specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines
0.51 US qt (0.48 )
168 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:12:47 31GGA620 0178 Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
operator only. no passengers
220 lb (100 kg)
rider and accessories
Engine Specifications
displacement
3.0 cu-in (49 cm )
bore & stroke
1.49 × 1.73 in (37.8 × 44.0 mm)
compression ratio
11.9 : 1
spark plug (standard) CR8EH-9 (NGK)
spark plug
CR7EH-9 (NGK)
(cold climate)
spark plug
CR9EH-9 (NGK)
(high speed riding)
spark plug gap
0.031−0.035 in (0.80−0.90 mm)
0.004 in (0.10 mm)
intake:
valve clearance
exhaust: 0.007 in (0.19 mm)
(cold)
idle speed
2,000 ± 100 rpm
Technical Information
169
10/04/07 10:13:02 31GGA620 0179 Specifications
Power Transmission
V-Belt
primary reduction
13.708
final reduction
Chassis & Suspension
26°30’
caster
3.0 in (75 mm)
trail
120/90-10 57J
tire size, front
KENDA K761
130/90-10 61J
tire size, rear
KENDA K761
tire type
bias-ply, tubeless
25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, front
(cold)
25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
tire pressure, rear
(cold)
Electrical
battery
generator
12V-6 Ah (10HR)
0.19 kW/5,000 rpm
170 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:13:11 31GGA620 0180 Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
instrument light
turn signal indicator
high beam indicator
12V-35/35W ×2
12V-27/8W
12V-23W (front)
12V-23W (rear)
12V-1.7W
12V-3.4W
12V-1.7W
Technical Information
171
10/04/07 10:13:19 31GGA620 0181 Specifications
Fuses
main
other fuses
20A
10A×2
Torque Specifications
18 lbf·ft (24 N·m , 2.4 kgf·m)
engine oil drain
bolt
15 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
oil plug
172 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:13:23 31GGA620 0182 Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your scooter’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 60 miles (100 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
Technical Information
173
10/04/07 10:13:28 31GGA620 0183 High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment
Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes
overly rich when operated at high altitudes.
Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich
mixture can cause driveability problems,
reduce engine performance, and increase
fuel consumption. To compensate, you
can have the carburetor adjusted for high
altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.
However, the carburetor must be returned
to standard factory specifications before
riding again at lower altitudes (below
5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda
dealer.
Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the
lean high-altitude setting may cause rough
idling, stalling, or engine damage from
overheating.
174 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:13:33 31GGA620 0184 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and Environment Canada
(EC) require that your scooter comply
with applicable exhaust emissions
standards during its useful life, when
operated and maintained according to the
instructions provided.
RIGHT SIDE
RIGHT SIDE
(1)
(2)
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label (1) is attached to the
right side of the frame (USA only).
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information labels (2) are attached to the
right side of the frame (Canada only).
(1) vehicle emission control information
label (USA only)
(2) vehicle emission control information
labels (Canada only)
Technical Information
175
10/04/07 10:13:38 31GGA620 0185 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that scooters built
after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided.
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Scooter Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
176 Technical Information
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx)
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various
systems to reduce carbon monoxide,
oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.
10/04/07 10:13:43 31GGA620 0186 Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system
includes a secondary air supply system,
and an oxidation catalytic converter.
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of the
components is recommended.
Oxidation Catalytic Converter
The oxidation catalytic converter is in the
exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission control performance.
Technical Information
177
10/04/07 10:13:48 31GGA620 0187 Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
carburetor.
Problems That May Affect Scooter
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda scooter
dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
178 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:13:53 31GGA620 0188 Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
Technical Information
179
10/04/07 10:13:57 31GGA620 0189 Emission Control Systems
Fuel Permeation Emission Control
System
This vehicle complies with the Fuel
Permeation Emission Control regulations
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and Environment Canada
(EC). The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel
vapor charge hoses used on this vehicle
incorporate fuel permeation control
technologies. Tampering with the fuel
tank, fuel hoses, or fuel vapor charge
hoses to reduce or defeat the effectiveness
of the fuel permeation technologies is
prohibited by federal regulations.
180 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:14:01 31GGA620 0190 Catalytic Converter
This scooter is equipped with an oxidation
catalytic converter.
The catalytic converter contains precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC and
CO. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a
high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to
any combustible materials that come near
it. Park your scooter away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your scooter’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine in good running
condition. A poorly running engine can
cause the catalytic converter to overheat
causing damage to the converter or the
scooter.
If your engine is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling, or otherwise not running
properly, stop riding and turn off the
engine. Have your scooter serviced as
soon as possible.
Technical Information
181
10/04/07 10:14:07 31GGA620 0191 Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
182 Technical Information
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
10/04/07 10:14:13 31GGA620 0192 Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
183
10/04/07 10:14:16 31GGA620 0193 184 Technical Information
10/04/07 10:14:23 31GGA620 0194 Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
Service Manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................
Warranty Coverage .............................
Warranty Service .................................
Contacting Honda................................
Your Honda Dealer .............................
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ..........................................
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ..........................................
Consumer Information
186
189
190
191
192
193
194
185
10/04/07 10:14:30 31GGA620 0195 Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.
(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems
common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically
capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61GEZ07
2011 NPS50 Service Manual
$33.00
61CM002
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31GGA620
2011 NPS50 Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
186 Consumer Information
10/04/07 10:14:40 31GGA620 0196 Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
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Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Purchaser’s Sales Tax
Mich. add 6 %
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Calif. add 8.25 %
delivery.
Handling Charge
$3.75
Grand Total
Consumer Information
187
10/04/07 10:14:54 31GGA620 0197 S
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NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
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Attention
Street address/P. O. BOX
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188 Consumer Information
10/04/07 10:15:01 31GGA620 0198 Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Scooter Limited Warranty
Emission Control System Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the scooter.
Consumer Information
189
10/04/07 10:15:06 31GGA620 0199 Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your scooter, call the service department
of your Honda dealer. Make an
appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
scooter, you will be asked to authorize that
inspection. Your dealer will give you the
results of the inspection. If the problem is
covered under warranty, your dealer will
perform the warranty repairs for you.
190 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the Service Manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
10/04/07 10:15:13 31GGA620 0200 Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,
CA 90509-2200, Mailstop: 100-4C-7B,
Telephone: (866) 784-1870.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and VIN
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
Consumer Information
191
10/04/07 10:15:18 31GGA620 0201 Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Honda
Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,
Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only),
and Honda accessories and products
(Canada only). The same quality that went
into your Honda can be found in Honda
Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also
find comparable quality in the accessories
192 Consumer Information
and products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about safety
training available in your local area and
the Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
10/04/07 10:15:22 31GGA620 0202 The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s
Club of America (HRCA) membership
with the purchase of your new Honda.
You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse
website for details at www.hrca.honda.
com.
Consumer Information
193
10/04/07 10:15:26 31GGA620 0203 Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or
could cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National
Highway Traffic Safety Administration
(NHTSA) in addition to notifying
American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may call the
Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-888-327-4236 (TTY: 1-800-4249153); go to http://www.saf ercar.gov;
or write to: Administrator, NHTSA,
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE.,
Washington, DC 20590.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints,
it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a
group of vehicles, it may order a recall
and remedy campaign. However,
NHTSA cannot become involved in
individual problems between you, your
dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,
Inc.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from
http://www.saf ercar.gov.
194 Consumer Information
10/04/07 10:15:29 31GGA620 0204 Consumer Information
195
10/04/15 15:21:52 31GGA620 0205 Index
A
accessories ................................................ 9
air cleaner................................................ 99
air pressure, tires ................................... 115
altitude, high ......................................... 174
American Honda, contacting................ 191
apparel, protective .................................. 28
appearance care .................................... 128
B
battery ................................................... 123
brakes,
freeplay ............................................. 109
shoe wear .......................................... 114
braking .................................................... 52
break-in guidelines ............................... 173
196 Index
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 83
carburetor, altitude adjustment............. 174
care, appearance ................................... 128
catalytic converter ................................ 181
cleaning,
appearance care ................................ 128
color label ............................................. 166
compartment, owner’s manual ............... 78
consumer information .......................... 185
controls & features ................................. 20
coolant..................................................... 95
crankcase breather ................................ 101
customer service ................................... 191
10/04/07 10:15:39 31GGA620 0206 Index
D
defects, reporting safety ....................... 194
E
emission control systems ...................... 175
engine,
idle speed .......................................... 104
number .............................................. 165
oil ........................................................ 85
overheats ........................................... 154
pinging ................................................ 82
starting ................................................ 39
stop switch .......................................... 22
stopping............................................... 44
won’t start ......................................... 145
environment .......................................... 141
F
flat tire................................................... 150
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 182
recommendation ................................. 82
reserve indicator ........................... 17, 19
tank capacity ....................................... 83
fuses ...................................................... 156
Index
197
10/04/07 10:15:44 31GGA620 0207 Index
G
gap, spark plug...................................... 107
gasohol .................................................. 182
gasoline ................................................... 82
gauges & indicators ................................ 17
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 23
helmet holder .......................................... 56
high altitude carburetor adjustment ..... 174
high beam indicator .......................... 17, 19
high coolant temperature
indicator ................................ 17, 19, 154
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 191
dealer................................................. 192
Rider’s Club...................................... 193
198 Index
Honda service manual .......................... 186
horn button .............................................. 24
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 164
idle speed, engine ................................. 104
ignition switch ........................................ 20
indicators .......................................... 17, 19
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 32
10/04/07 10:15:49 31GGA620 0208 Index
K
key, lost ................................................. 160
L
labels, safety ........................................... 11
lamp check .............................................. 18
limit, weight ............................................ 36
load limits ............................................... 36
loading guidelines................................... 36
lock, steering ........................................... 55
M
maintenance,
component locations........................... 75
importance .......................................... 62
periodic ............................................... 66
record .................................................. 73
safety................................................... 63
schedule .............................................. 68
manual, service ..................................... 186
maximum weight limit ........................... 36
modifications .......................................... 10
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 164
Index
199
10/04/07 10:15:55 31GGA620 0209 Index
O
odometer ........................................... 17, 19
oil, engine ............................................... 85
operation component locations .............. 14
overheat, engine.................................... 154
owner’s manual storage .......................... 78
oxygenated fuels................................... 182
P
parking .................................................... 54
pinging, engine ....................................... 82
plug, spark............................................. 106
pre-ride inspection .................................. 32
problems, unexpected ........................... 143
protective apparel ................................... 28
200 Index
R
rear brake lock lever ............................... 24
removal,
inner cover .......................................... 80
maintenance lid................................... 81
reporting safety defects ........................ 194
rider training ....................................... 3, 30
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 193
riding,
basic operation .................................... 37
clothing ............................................... 28
precautions .......................................... 38
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 38
10/04/07 10:15:58 31GGA620 0210 Index
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 64
labels ................................................... 11
reporting defects ............................... 194
riding precautions ............................... 38
schedule, maintenance ............................ 68
seat .......................................................... 79
serial numbers ....................................... 164
service,
customer............................................ 191
manuals ............................................. 186
warranty ............................................ 190
spark knock ............................................. 82
spark plug.............................................. 106
specifications ........................................ 167
speedometer ...................................... 17, 19
start button .............................................. 22
starting,
engine .................................................. 39
troubleshooting ................................. 145
steering lock ............................................ 55
stop switch, engine ................................. 22
stopping engine ....................................... 44
storage,
owner’s manual .................................. 78
scooter ............................................... 136
switch,
engine stop .......................................... 22
headlight dimmer................................ 23
ignition ................................................ 20
turn signal ........................................... 23
Index
201
10/04/15 15:23:06 31GGA620 0211 Index
T
temperature indicator,
high coolant .......................... 17, 19, 154
theft-prevention tips ............................... 57
throttle ................................................... 102
tire identification no. (TIN).................. 118
tires,
air pressure........................................ 115
flat ..................................................... 150
replacing ........................................... 120
training, rider ...................................... 3, 30
transporting your scooter...................... 140
trouble, unexpected .............................. 143
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 145
turn signal indicator .......................... 17, 19
202 Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN)... 164, 165
10/04/15 15:23:10 31GGA620 0212 Index
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 189
extended ............................................ 189
service ............................................... 190
washing your scooter ............................ 130
weight limit ............................................. 36
Index
203
10/04/07 10:16:13 31GGA620 0213 Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How to Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil –– insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
10/04/07 10:16:16 31GGA620 0214 Quick Reference
VIN
Engine No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
10/04/07 10:16:26 31GGA620 0215 Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Quick Reference
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 2,500 miles (4,000 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 32 ): tires &
wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.
Check the following items monthly (page 67 ): tires & wheels, fluids,
lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
1.32 US gal (5.0 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent
220 lb (100 kg)
rider and accessories
10/04/07 10:16:38 31GGA620 0216 Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plug
Coolant
Fuses
Front: 120/90-10 57J
KENDA K761
Rear: 130/90-10 61J
KENDA K761
bias-ply, tubeless
Type:
Front: 25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
Rear: 25 psi (175 kPa , 1.75 kgf/cm )
standard: CR8EH-9 (NGK)
cold climate: CR7EH-9 (NGK)
high speed riding: CR9EH-9 (NGK)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
main: 20A
other: 10A
Quick Reference
10/04/07 10:16:48 31GGA620 0217 Quick Reference
These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:
SYMBOL
COMPONENT
START
START button (USA)
START button (Canada)
RUN − engine stop switch
OFF − engine stop switch
HI − headlight dimmer switch
LO − headlight dimmer switch
turn signal switch
horn button
Quick Reference
SEE PAGE
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