Exmark M216KA User's Manual


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Exmark M216KA User's Manual | Manualzz
M216KA / M216KASP
For Serial Nos.
440,000 & Higher
CONGRATULATIONS on the purchase of your new Exmark mower. This product has been carefully designed and manufactured to give
you a maximum amount of dependability and years of trouble–free operation. If additional information is needed, or should you require trained
mechanic service, contact your authorized Exmark equipment dealer or distributor. If you need to order replacement parts from your dealer,
always give the model number and serial number of your mower as well as the part number, description and quantity of the part needed.
The Serial No. plate is located on the top of the mower deck on the right hand corner of the machine. For ease of ordering and reference,
we suggest that you record the information requested in the following identification table.
Place Model No. and Serial No. Label Here
(Included in Literature Pack)
or Fill in Below
Engine Model No. and Spec. No. (Code)
Engine Serial No (E/No)
Model No.
Serial No.
Date Purchased
Part No. 3329-962
IMPORTANT
When the mower is used or operated on any California forest-, brush- or
grass-covered land, a working spark arrester must be attached to the muffler. If not,
the operator is violating state law, Section 4442 Public Resource Code. To acquire
a spark arrester for your unit, see your Engine Service Dealer.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• This product is a piece of power equipment.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Failure to follow safe operating practices can result in serious operator injury or
even death.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
• Keep all shields, guards, and safety devices (especially the grass discharge
system) in place and in proper working condition.
• Before adjusting, servicing, or performing maintenance, stop the engine and wait
for all moving parts to stop, then remove the spark plug wire or remove the key.
• If the mower deck becomes clogged, stop the engine and wait for all moving
parts to stop, then remove the spark plug wire or remove the key before cleaning
the blockage.
• Keep hands, feet, and clothing away from power-driven parts.
• Keep off the mower unless the seat platform is provided.
• Keep others off the mower.
WARNING
POTENTIAL HAZARD
• Gasoline is harmful or fatal if swallowed. Long-term exposure to vapors has
caused cancer in laboratory animals.
WHAT CAN HAPPEN
• Failure to use caution may cause serious injury or illness.
HOW TO AVOID THE HAZARD
•
•
•
•
Avoid prolonged breathing of vapors.
Keep face away from nozzle and gasoline tank/container opening.
Keep gasoline away from eyes and skin.
Never siphon gasoline by mouth.
Exmark reserves the right to make changes to add improvements to its products at any time without
incurring any obligation to make such changes to products manufactured previously. Exmark, or its
distributors and dealers, accept no responsibility for variations which may be evident in the actual
specifications of its products and the statements and descriptions contained in this publication.
EXMARK PARTS PLUS PROGRAM
EFFECTIVE DATE: September 1,1995
Program
If your Exmark dealer does not have the Exmark part in
stock, Exmark will get the parts to the dealer the next
business day or the part will be FREE* Guaranteed!!
How the Program Works
1.
If dealer does not have part in stock for a
"down" unit at the time of request by customer,
the dealer contacts his distributor by 1:00 p.m.
local time, and requests Exmark Parts Plus
shipment of six line items or less.
2.
Distributor ships part(s) to dealer or customer,
as requested by dealer, same day, overnight
UPS Distributor bills dealer for part and freight
charges where applicable.
3.
If distributor does not have the part(s) in stock to satisfy Exmark Parts Plus order, he contacts Exmark by 3:00 p.m., central
time, with an Exmark Parts Plus order of six line items or less.
4.
If order is received by 3:00 p.m. central time, Exmark ships part(s) direct to dealer or customer, as requested by distributor,
same day, overnight UPS, Exmark bills the distributor for parts and shipping charges, where applicable.
5.
The customer pays for the part and freight if it is shipped under the Exmark Parts Plus and if it arrive in accordance to the
program.
6.
Who pays for the part and freight if it fails to arrive overnight in accordance to the program?
A.
Under any circumstance the customer does not pay.
B.
If the part does not arrive overnight due to:
1. The dealer not submitting the Exmark Parts Plus order to his Exmark distributor by 1:00 p.m., the dealer pays for
the part and freight.
2. The Distributor being unable to ship the part the same day or not submitting the Exmark Parts Plus order to Exmark
by 3:00 p.m. central time, the Distributor pays for the part and freight.
3. Exmark being unable to ship the part and the Exmark parts order is received by 3:00 p.m. central time, Exmark pays
for the part and freight.
4. If the part does not arrive overnight due to the shipper (UPS), the shipper pays for the freight and Exmark pays for
the part.
The following restrictions apply –– The Exmark Parts Plus Program is available only through participating Exmark Dealers and
applies only to orders submitted on this program Monday through Thursday. Parts Plus service is available only in the 48 contiguous United States.
UPS has initiated a Saturday delivery program to many areas of the continental United States and can be requested for an overnight shipment on
Friday to be delivered Saturday. The next day air charge, plus the Saturday delivery fee will be the responsibility of the purchaser. Exmark Mfg. will
assume no responsibility for Saturday delivery shipments. To qualify, all Exmark Parts Plus orders must be received by Exmark by 3:00 p.m.
central time. Orders must be six line items or less. Exclusions from the Exmark Parts Plus Program are: Any wholegood or accessory in its entirety,
engines and engine replacement parts, 5–speed Peerless transmissions and 5–speed transaxles, hydraulic or hydrostatic wheel motors, cutter decks
and engine decks or any item exceeding United Parcel Service size and weight restrictions.
Due to UPS restrictions, aerosol spray paint is considered a hazardous material and cannot be shipped via UPS next day or Second Day Air.
Exmark Manufacturing stocks a limited supply of parts for transaxles, pumps and wheel motors. These parts can be ordered for Next Day Air shipment but will not be guaranteed per the Parts Plus Program.
iii
CONGRATULATIONS on the purchase of your Exmark Mower. This product has been carefully
designed and manufactured to give you a maximum amount of dependability and years of trouble-free
operation.
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
This manual contains assembly, operating, maintenance, adjustment and safety instructions for
your Exmark mower.
BEFORE OPERATING YOUR MOWER, CAREFULLY READ THIS MANUAL IN ITS ENTIRETY.
By following the operating, maintenance and safety instructions, you will prolong the life of your
mower, maintain its maximum efficiency and promote safe operation.
If additional information is needed, or should you require trained mechanic service, contact your
authorized Exmark equipment dealer or distributor.
All Exmark equipment dealers and distributors are kept informed of the latest methods of servicing
and are equipped to provide prompt and efficient service in the field or at their service stations. They
carry ample stock of service parts or can secure them for you from the factory.
All Exmark parts are thoroughly tested and inspected before leaving the factory; however, attention
is required on your part if you are to obtain the fullest measure of satisfaction and performance.
iv
Contents
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Lawn Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exmark Lawn Mower Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety and Instruction Decals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Starter Rope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installing the Fuel Tank and the Fuel Line . . . . .
Installing the Discharge Tunnel Plug . . . . . . . . . .
Before Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling the Crankcase with Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filling the Fuel Tank with Gasoline . . . . . . . . . .
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Stopping the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Blade and the Self-Propel Drive . .
Using the Discharge Tunnel Plug . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Cutting Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Grass Bag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Recommended Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . .
Checking the Engine Oil Level . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Underside of the
Lawn Mower Housing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning the Discharge Tunnel and Plug . . . . . .
Servicing the Air Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Engine Oil . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintaining the Cutting Blade . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Emptying the Fuel Tank and Cleaning the
Fuel Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cleaning under the Belt Cover . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating the Pivot Arms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Self-propel Drive . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Spark Plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Changing the Oil Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating the Gear Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Adjusting the Blade Brake Cable . . . . . . . . . . . .
Servicing the Wheels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing the Fuel System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preparing the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Removing the Lawn Mower from Storage . . . . .
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Limited Warranty
Exmark Turf Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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Warning
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
This spark ignition system complies with Canadian
ICES-002.
Ce système d’allumage par étincelle de véhicule est
conforme à la norme NMB-002 du Canada.
The enclosed Engine Owner’s Manual is supplied for
information regarding The U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Emission
Control Regulation of emission systems, maintenance
and warranty.
Keep this engine Owner’s Manual with your unit.
Should this engine Owner’s Manual become damaged
or illegible, replace immediately. Replacements may be
ordered through the engine manufacturer.
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All Rights Reserved
1
Printed in the USA
Specifications
Model Number:
M216KA, M216KASP
Engine:
Kawasaki 6.0HP OHV
3300 RPM (No load)
Fuel System:
Capacity:
Fuel filter:
This manual uses two other words to highlight
information. Important calls attention to special
mechanical information and Note: emphasizes general
information worthy of special attention.
Safety
This lawn mower meets or exceeds the CPSC blade
safety requirements for walk-behind rotary lawn
mowers and the B71.4 specifications of the American
National Standards Institute in effect at the time of
production.
4.0 qt. (3.8 L)
Non-replaceable, in tank
Transmission:
3 speeds forward
Speed range:
First
Second
Third
Cutting Width:
Improperly using or maintaining this lawn mower can
result in injury. To reduce the potential for injury,
comply with these safety instructions.
1.8 mph (2.9 km/h)
2.7 mph (4.3 km/h)
3.8 mph (6.1 km/h)
Exmark designed and tested this lawn mower to offer
reasonably safe service; however, failure to comply with
the following instructions may result in personal
injury.
21 in. (53 cm)
Cutting Height:
Adjusts in 1/2 in. (1.3 cm) increments from
.75 in. (1.9 cm) to 3.25 in. (8.3 cm)
Grass Catcher Capacity
Weight (with bag):
M216KA
M216KASP
Warning
2.5 Bu. (88 L)
Engine exhaust contains carbon monoxide, an
odorless, deadly poison that can kill you.
Do not run the engine indoors or in an enclosed
area.
95 lb. (43.1 kg)
107 lb. (48.5 kg)
To ensure maximum safety, best performance, and to
gain knowledge of the product, it is essential that you
and any other operator of the lawn mower read and
understand the contents of this manual before the
engine is ever started. Pay particular attention to the
safety alert symbol
which means caution, warning,
or danger — “personal safety instruction.” Read and
understand the instruction because it has to do with
safety. Failure to comply with the instruction may
result in personal injury.
Introduction
Read this manual carefully to learn how to operate and
maintain your product properly. The information in this
manual can help you and others avoid injury and product
damage. Although Exmark designs and produces safe
products, you are responsible for operating the product
properly and safely.
This manual identifies potential hazards and has special
safety messages that help you and others avoid personal
injury and even death. Danger, Warning, and Caution are
signal words used to identify the level of hazard.
However, regardless of the hazard, be extremely careful.
General Lawn Mower Safety
This lawn mower is capable of amputating hands and feet
and of throwing objects. Failure to observe the following
safety instructions could result in serious injury or death.
Danger signals an extreme hazard that will cause serious
injury or death if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
Training
Warning signals a hazard that may cause serious injury or
death if you do not follow the recommended precautions.
• Read this operator’s manual carefully. Be thoroughly
familiar with the controls and the proper use of the
lawn mower before starting it.
Caution signals a hazard that may cause minor or
moderate injury if you do not follow the recommended
precautions.
• Never allow children to operate the lawn mower.
Local regulations may restrict the age of the operator.
2
• Never allow adults unfamiliar with these instructions
to operate the lawn mower.
– If you must drain the fuel from the fuel tank, do it
outdoors.
• Replace faulty mufflers.
• Never mow while people (especially children) or pets
are nearby. Stop the lawn mower if anyone enters the
area.
• Before using, always visually inspect the blades, blade
bolts, and cutter assembly for wear or damage.
Replace worn or damaged blades and bolts in sets to
preserve balance.
• Tragic accidents can occur if the operator is not alert
to the presence of children. Children are often
attracted to the lawn mower and the mowing activity.
Never assume that children will remain where you last
saw them.
• On multibladed lawn mowers, use care as rotating one
blade can cause the other blades to rotate.
• Keep children out of the mowing area and under the
watchful care of a responsible adult.
Operation
• Be alert and turn the lawn mower off if children enter
the area.
• Do not operate the engine in a confined space where
dangerous carbon monoxide fumes can collect.
• Use extra care when approaching blind corners,
shrubs, trees, or other objects that may obscure vision.
• Mow only in daylight or in good artificial light.
• Keep in mind that the operator or user is responsible
for accidents or hazards occurring to other people or
their property.
• Walk; never run.
• See the manufacturer’s instructions for proper
operation and installation of accessories. Use only the
accessories that are approved by the manufacturer.
• For wheeled rotary lawn mowers, mow across the face
of slopes, never up and down.
• Always be sure of your footing on slopes.
• Keep a firm hold on the handle.
• Exercise extreme caution when changing the direction
on slopes.
Preparation
• Do not mow excessively steep slopes.
• Thoroughly inspect the area where you will use the
lawn mower, and remove all stones, sticks, wires,
bones, and other foreign objects.
• Use extreme caution when reversing or pulling the
lawn mower toward you.
• While mowing, always wear substantial footwear and
long trousers.
• Before and while moving backward, look behind and
down for small children.
• Do not operate the lawn mower when barefoot or
wearing open sandals.
• Stop the blade(s) if you must tilt the lawn mower for
transportation when crossing surfaces other than grass
and when transporting the lawn mower to and from the
area to be mowed.
• Always wear safety goggles or safety glasses with side
shields when operating the lawn mower.
• Never operate the lawn mower with damaged or
missing guards or shields, or without safety devices
(such as deflectors and grass catchers) in place.
• Warning: Gasoline is highly flammable. Take the
following precautions:
• Do not change the speed settings on the engine.
– Store fuel in containers specifically designed for
this purpose.
• Disengage all blade and drive clutches before starting
the engine.
– Refuel outdoors only and do not smoke while
refuelling.
• Start the engine carefully according to instructions and
with feet well away from the blade(s).
– Add fuel before starting the engine. Never remove
the cap of the fuel tank or add gasoline while the
engine is running or when the engine is hot.
• Do not start the engine when standing in front of the
discharge chute.
– If gasoline is spilled, do not attempt to start the
engine. Move the lawn mower away from the area
of spillage to avoid creating any source of ignition
until the gasoline vapors have dissipated.
• Do not put your hands or feet near or under rotating
parts. Keep clear of the discharge opening at all times.
• Never pick up or carry a lawn mower while the engine
is running.
– Replace all fuel tank and container caps securely.
• Stop the engine and disconnect the spark-plug wire:
3
– before clearing blockages or unclogging the chute;
• Replace worn or damaged parts.
– before checking, cleaning, or working on the lawn
mower;
• Use extra care when handling gasoline; gasoline
vapors are explosive.
– after striking a foreign object. Inspect the lawn
mower for damage and make repairs before starting
and operating the lawn mower; and
• Never tamper with safety devices. Check their proper
operation regularly.
• Keep the lawn mower free of grass, leaves, or other
debris buildup. Clean up any oil or fuel spills.
– if the lawn mower starts to vibrate abnormally
(check it immediately).
• Stop and inspect the lawn mower if you strike an
object. Repair the lawn mower, if necessary, before
starting the engine.
• Stop the engine:
– whenever you leave the lawn mower; and
• Never attempt to make wheel height adjustments while
the engine is running.
– before refuelling.
• Reduce the throttle setting during engine run-out and,
if the engine has a shutoff valve, turn the fuel off after
mowing.
• Grass catcher components are subject to wear, damage,
and deterioration, which could expose moving parts or
allow objects to be thrown. Frequently check the
components and replace them with the manufacturer’s
recommended parts when necessary.
• Stop the blade(s) when crossing gravel drives, walks,
or roads.
• Lawn mower blades are sharp and can cut. Wrap the
blade(s) or wear gloves, and use extra caution when
servicing them.
• Shut the engine off and wait until the blade comes to a
complete stop before removing the grass catcher.
• Do not operate the lawn mower while under the
influence of alcohol or drugs.
• Do not change the speed settings on the engine.
• If you must drain the fuel from the fuel tank, do it
outdoors.
• If the lawn mower should start to vibrate abnormally,
stop the engine and check immediately for the cause.
Vibration is generally a warning of trouble.
• To ensure the best performance and safety, purchase
only genuine Exmark replacement parts and
accessories.
Slopes are a major factor related to slip and fall accidents
which can result in a severe injury. If you feel uneasy on a
slope, do not mow it.
• Maintain or replace safety and instruction decals when
necessary.
• Watch for holes, ruts, or bumps. Tall grass can hide
obstacles.
Exmark Lawn Mower Safety
• Do not mow near drop-offs, ditches, or embankments.
You could lose your footing or balance.
The following list contains safety information specific to
Exmark products or other safety information that you
must know that is not included in the ANSI/OPEI
standard.
• Do not mow on wet grass. Reduced footing could
cause slipping.
Maintenance and Storage
This product is designed for cutting and recycling grass or,
when equipped with a grass bagger, for catching cut grass.
Any use for purposes other than these could prove
dangerous to the user and bystanders.
• Keep all nuts, bolts (especially blade attachment
bolts), and screws tight to ensure that the lawn mower
is in safe working condition.
Note: This engine is not equipped with a spark arrester
muffler. It is a violation of California Public Resource
Code Section 4442 to use or operate this engine on any
forest-, brush-, or grass-covered land. Other states or
federal areas may have similar laws.
• Never store the lawn mower with gasoline in the tank
inside a building where fumes may reach an open
flame or spark.
• Allow the engine to cool before storing the lawn
mower in any enclosure.
• To reduce the fire hazard, keep the engine, muffler,
battery compartment, and gasoline storage area free of
grass, leaves, or excessive grease.
General Operation
• Ensure that the area is clear of other people before
mowing. Stop the lawn mower if anyone enters the
area.
• Check the grass catcher frequently for wear or
deterioration.
4
• Do not mow in reverse unless it is absolutely
necessary. Always look down and behind before and
while backing up.
• Keep hands, feet, hair and loose clothing away from
the attachment discharge area, the underside of the
lawn mower, and any moving parts while the engine is
running.
• Be aware of the lawn mower discharge direction and
do not point it at anyone. Do not operate the lawn
mower without either the grass catcher or the guard in
place.
• Stop the engine before removing the grass catcher or
unclogging the chute.
• Watch for traffic when operating near or crossing
roadways.
• Slow down before turning with the lawn mower. Sharp
turns on any terrain may cause loss of control.
• Do not touch the lawn mower or attachment parts
which may be hot from operation. Allow the lawn
mower to cool down before attempting to maintain,
adjust, or service it.
• Turn off the blades when you are not mowing.
Safety and Instruction Decals
Safety decals and instructions are easily visible to the operator and are located near any
area of potential danger. Replace any decal that is damaged or lost.
1-213242 (Self-propel model only)
52-2620 (Self-propel model only)
39-5770
68-7410
52-2610 (Hand-push model only)
74-1970 (Self-propel model only)
1. Transmission speeds
5
2. Neutral
Assembly
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
77-0500
Installing the Handle
1. Mount the handle to the outside of the lawn mower
housing (using the bottom hole) with 2 5/16–18 x
1–1/4 in. cap screws, washers, and thin nylon insert
locknuts.
2. Secure the handle latches to the handle with 2 cap
screws (5/16–18 x 1-1/2 in.), washers, and nylon insert
locknuts (Fig. 1).
82-9152
2
3
1
4
98-8017
m-534
Figure 1
1. Handle latch
2. Bag support rod
104-1329
3. Cap locknut (2)
4. Handle
Note: You can adjust the handle height for comfortable
operation. Stand behind the handle to determine the
height. To adjust the handle height, position the cap
screws and the locknuts that secure the handle latches to
the handle into the other mounting holes in the latches.
3. Slide the bag support rod through the second from the
top mounting holes in the handle and secure each end
with a cap locknut (Fig. 1).
4. Use a cable tie to secure the control cables to the left
handle below the bag support rod.
104-8585
6
Installing the Starter Rope
2. Hook the plastic clips on the front of the fuel tank onto
the fuel tank bracket (Fig. 3).
Pull the starter rope through the rope guide on the handle
(Fig. 2).
3. Secure the fuel tank to the tank base with the two
self-tapping screws (Fig. 3). Do not overtighten the
screws.
4. Remove the red cap from the end of the fuel line and
from the end of the elbow fitting on the fuel tank
(Fig. 4).
2
1
2
m–210
Figure 2
1. Starter rope
3
2. Rope guide
1
m-7283
Note: To make the rope easier to install, squeeze the
control bar on the handle.
Figure 4
1. Fuel line
2. Elbow fitting
Installing the Fuel Tank and the
Fuel Line
3. Fuel valve
5. Slide the end of the fuel line onto the elbow fitting
(Fig. 4).
1. Start the two self-tapping screws into the bottom of the
fuel tank and then remove the screws (Fig. 3).
6. Secure the fuel line in place with the fuel line clamp
(Fig. 4).
4
3
Installing the Discharge Tunnel
Plug
2
1. Open the discharge door by pulling forward on the
handle and moving it rearward (Fig. 5). Hold the
discharge door handle to prevent the spring-loaded
door from closing while you insert the plug.
5
1
1
530
2
Figure 3
1. Tank base
2. Fuel tank bracket
3. Plastic clips
4. Fuel tank
5. Self-tapping screw (2)
m-1914
Figure 5
1. Discharge door handle
7
2. Plug rotated clockwise
2. Since the plug is slightly wider than the discharge
tunnel opening, rotate the plug clockwise slightly
while inserting it (Fig. 5).
Before each use, ensure that the oil level is between the
Add and Full marks on the dipstick (Fig. 7).
Note: Ensure that the arrow on the plug decal points
upward.
3. Push the plug all the way in until the spring clip on the
bottom of the plug clicks into place, locking the plug
securely into the discharge tunnel (Fig. 6).
2
3
1
m-7277
m-7278
Figure 7
1. Dipstick
2. Full
1
3. Add
Note: When the crankcase is empty, pour about 3/4 of the
crankcase capacity of oil in the crankcase, then follow the
procedure in this section.
m-1915
To add oil:
Figure 6
1. Move the lawn mower to a level surface.
1. Spring clip
2. Clean around the dipstick (Fig. 7).
3. Remove the dipstick by rotating the cap
counterclockwise and pulling it out.
4. Release the discharge door handle to lock the top of
the plug.
4. Wipe the dipstick clean with a clean cloth.
Before Starting
5. Insert the dipstick into the filler neck, then remove it.
Filling the Crankcase with Oil
Note: To ensure an accurate oil level reading, you must
fully install the dipstick.
6. Read the oil level on the dipstick (Fig. 7).
Initially, fill the crankcase with 30 ounces (0.88 liters) of
oil. Use only high-quality SAE 30 or SAE 10W30 weight
detergent oil that has the American Petroleum Institute
(API) service classification SF, SG, SH, or SJ.
7. If the oil level reading is below the Add mark on the
dipstick, slowly pour only enough oil into the filler
hole to raise the oil level to the Full mark on the
dipstick.
Oil Capacity
With Oil Filter
30 ounces (0.88 L)
Without Oil Filter
24 ounces (0.70 L)
Important Do not overfill the crankcase with oil and
run the engine; engine damage will result. Drain the
excess oil until the oil level on the dipstick reads Full.
8. Insert the dipstick into the filler neck and rotate the
cap clockwise until it is tight.
8
Filling the Fuel Tank with
Gasoline
Danger
When fueling, under certain circumstances, a
static charge can develop, igniting the gasoline. A
fire or explosion from gasoline can burn you and
others and damage property.
For best results, use clean, fresh, lead-free gasoline with
an octane rating of 87 or higher. To ensure freshness,
purchase only the quantity of gasoline that you expect to
use in 30 days. Using unleaded gasoline results in fewer
combustion deposits and longer engine life.
Important
• Always place gasoline containers on the ground
and away from your vehicle before filling.
• Do not fill gasoline containers inside a vehicle
or on a truck or trailer bed because interior
carpets or plastic truck bed liners may insulate
the container and slow the loss of any static
charge.
• When practical, remove gasoline-powered
equipment from the truck or trailer and refuel
the equipment with its wheels on the round.
• If this is not possible, then refuel such
equipment on a truck or trailer from a portable
container, not from a gasoline dispenser nozzle.
• If you must use a gasoline dispenser nozzle,
keep the nozzle in contact with the rim of the
fuel tank or container opening at all times until
fueling is complete.
Do not add oil to the gasoline.
Important Do not use methanol, gasoline containing
methanol, gasohol containing more than 10% ethanol,
premium gasoline, or white gas. Using these fuels can
damage the engine’s fuel system.
Important Do not use gasoline that has been stored
since the last mowing season or longer.
Danger
In certain conditions, gasoline is extremely
flammable and highly explosive. A fire or
explosion from gasoline can burn you and others
and can damage property.
• Fill the fuel tank outdoors, in an open area, and
when the engine is cold. Wipe up any gasoline
that spills.
• Do not fill the fuel tank completely full. Add
gasoline to the fuel tank until the level is 1/4 to
1/2 in. (6 to 13 mm) below the bottom of the
filler neck. This empty space in the tank allows
the gasoline to expand.
• Never smoke when handling gasoline, and stay
away from an open flame or where a spark may
ignite the gasoline fumes.
• Store gasoline in an approved fuel container
and keep it out of the reach of children.
• Never buy more than a 30-day supply of
gasoline.
Use a fuel stabilizer/conditioner regularly during
operation and storage. A stabilizer/conditioner cleans the
engine during operation and prevents gum-like varnish
deposits from forming in the engine during periods of
storage.
Important Do not use fuel additives other than a fuel
stabilizer/conditioner . Do not use fuel stabilizers with an
alcohol base such as ethanol, methanol, or isopropanol.
1. Clean around the fuel tank cap (Fig. 8).
2
1
3
m-7279
Figure 8
1. Oil fill/Dipstick
2. Fuel tank cap
3. Air cleaner
2. Remove the cap from the tank.
9
Starting the Engine
3. Fill the fuel tank with unleaded gasoline to within 1/4
to 1/2 inch (6 to 13 mm) from the top of the tank. Do
not fill into the filler neck.
1. Connect the wire to the spark plug (Fig. 10).
Important Do not fill the tank more than 1/4 inch
(6 mm) from the top of the tank because the gasoline must
have room to expand.
1
4. Install the fuel tank cap and wipe up any spilled
gasoline.
Operation
m-7280
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine
from the normal operating position.
Figure 10
1. Spark-plug wire
Each time before you mow, make sure that the self-propel
drive and the blade control bail operate properly. When
you release the blade control bail, the blade and
self-propel drive should stop. If they do not, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
2. Open the fuel valve (Fig. 8).
3. Move the throttle control to the
(Fig. 9).
Caution
(Choke) position
4. Move the ground speed control to the
position (Fig. 11).
(Neutral)
This machine produces sound levels in excess of
85dBA at the operator’s ear and can cause
hearing loss through extended periods of
exposure.
Wear hearing protection when operating this
machine.
1
Controls
224
Figure 11
The blade control bail, starter handle, and throttle control
are on the upper handle as shown in Figure 9.
1. Ground speed control
5. Pull the starter handle (Fig. 8) lightly until you feel
resistance, then pull it sharply.
2
6. Regulate the throttle and the ground speed control as
desired when the engine starts.
3
Note: If the engine fails to start after 3 pulls, repeat steps
3 through 6.
1
222
Stopping the Engine
Figure 9
1. Blade control bail
2. Starter handle
3. Throttle control
1. Release the blade control bail and move the throttle
control to the
(Off) position.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug if you do not
use the lawn mower or if you leave it unattended.
10
Operating the Blade and the
Self-Propel Drive
Using the Discharge Tunnel
Plug
Note: The self-propel features are for the self-propel
model only.
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Insert the plug; refer to Installing the Discharge Tunnel
Plug on page 7.
1. Have the blade control bail in the A position (Fig. 12).
3. To remove the plug, move the discharge door handle
rearward and lift up the spring clip on the bottom of
the plug. When the plug is unlocked, pull it out of the
discharge tunnel.
C
B
A
Note: When grass is thick and lush, clippings may collect
on and around the discharge tunnel plug. This may make
removing the plug difficult. Clean the plug thoroughly
after each use.
m-3769
Figure 12
Adjusting the Cutting Height
2. Slide the blade control bail to the right and raise it to
the B position to engage the blade (Fig. 12).
Each wheel is adjusted individually with a wheel height
adjustment lever. Cutting heights are 1 inch (25 mm),
1-1/2 inches (38 mm), 2 inches (51 mm), 2-1/2 inches
(64 mm), 3 inches (76 mm), and 3-1/2 inches (89 mm).
3. Squeeze the blade control bail against the handle to the
C position to drive (Fig. 12).
Note: To disengage the traction drive but keep the blade
engaged, gradually release the blade control bail to the B
position. To self-propel with the blade disengaged,
squeeze the blade control bail against handle to the C
position without sliding the blade control bail to the right.
Danger
Adjusting the cutting height levers could bring
your hands into contact with a moving blade and
result in serious injury.
The lawn mower has 3 ground speeds. 1 is slow, 2 is
medium, and 3 is fast. The ground speed control is located
at the rear of the belt cover (Fig. 11).
• Stop the engine and wait for all movement to
stop before adjusting the cutting height.
• Do not put your fingers under the housing when
adjusting the cutting height.
Note: You can vary the ground speed by increasing or
decreasing the distance between the control bar and the
handle. Lower the control bar to slow the lawn mower
when making a turn or if the lawn mower is moving too
fast for you. If you lower the control bar too far, the lawn
mower stops self-propelling. Squeeze the control bar
closer to the handle to increase the ground speed. When
you hold the control bar tight against the handle, the lawn
mower self-propels at the maximum ground speed. Move
1. Pull the wheel height adjustment lever toward the
wheel (Fig. 13) and move it to the desired setting.
1
the ground speed control to the
(Neutral) position
when you use the lawn mower for trimming and whenever
you leave the lawn mower.
m-225
Figure 13
1. Wheel height adjustment
lever
2. Release the wheel height adjustment lever and seat it
securely in the notch.
3. Adjust all the wheels to the same cutting height
setting.
11
Mowing with the Grass Bag
Using the Grass Bag
Occasionally, you may wish to use the grass bag for
bagging extra long grass, lush grass, or leaves.
Warning
A worn grass bag could allow small stones and
other similar debris to be thrown in the operator’s
or bystander’s direction and result in serious
personal injury or death to the operator or
bystanders.
Installing the Grass Bag
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Ensure that the discharge door handle is fully forward
and that the pin is engaged in the catch (Fig. 14).
Check the grass bag frequently. If it is damaged,
install a new Exmark replacement bag.
1
2
Cut the grass until the bag is full.
Important
Do not overfill the bag.
3
Removing the Grass Bag
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
m-1912
2. Raise the discharge door handle and move it forward
to engage the pin with the catch (Fig. 14).
Figure 14
1. Bag frame on retaining
post
2. Pin engaged in catch
3. Handle fully forward.
Discharge door closed.
3. Grasp the handles at the front and the rear of the bag
and lift the bag off the lawn mower.
4. Gradually tip the bag forward to empty the clippings.
3. Slide the hole in the bag frame onto the retaining post
on the discharge tunnel (Fig. 14).
5. To install the bag, refer to Installing the Grass Bag on
page 12.
4. Set the rear of the bag frame onto the bag support rod.
Danger
5. Pull the discharge door handle forward until the pin
clears the catch, and move the handle rearward until
the pin locks in the bag notch (Fig. 15).
If the discharge door does not close completely,
the lawn mower could throw objects, causing
serious personal injury or death.
1
If you cannot close the door because the grass
clippings clog the discharge area, stop the engine
and gently move the discharge door handle back
and forth until you can close the door completely.
If you still cannot close the door, remove the
obstruction with a stick, not your hand.
Danger
m-1913
Figure 15
The lawn mower can throw grass clippings and
other objects through an open discharge tunnel.
Objects thrown with enough force could cause
serious personal injury or death to the operator or
bystander.
1. Pin locked in bag notch
Note: The discharge door in the lawn mower housing
is now open.
Never open the door on the discharge tunnel when
the engine is running.
12
Operating Tips
Cutting Grass
• Review the safety instructions and read this manual
carefully before operating the lawn mower.
• Grass grows at different rates at different times of the
year. In the summer heat, it is best to cut grass at the 2
inch (51 mm), 2-1/2 inch (64 mm), or 3 inch (76 mm)
cutting height settings. Cut only about a third of the
grass blade at a time. Do not cut below the 2 inch (51
mm) setting unless the grass is sparse or it is late fall
when grass growth begins to slow down.
• Clear the area of sticks, stones, wire, branches, and
other debris that the blade could hit and throw.
• Keep everyone, especially children and pets, away
from the area of operation.
• When cutting grass over 6 inches (15 cm) tall, first
mow at the highest cutting height setting and walk
slower; then mow again at a lower setting for the best
lawn appearance. If the grass is too long and the leaves
clump on top of the lawn, the lawn mower may plug
and cause the engine to stall.
• Avoid striking trees, walls, curbs, or other solid
objects. Never deliberately mow over any object.
• If the lawn mower strikes an object or starts to vibrate,
immediately stop the engine, disconnect the wire from
the spark plug, and examine the lawn mower for
damage.
• Alternate the mowing direction. This helps disperse
the clippings over the lawn for even fertilization.
• Maintain a sharp blade throughout the cutting season.
Periodically file down nicks on the blade.
If the finished lawn appearance is unsatisfactory, try one
or more of the following:
• Replace the blade when necessary with an original
Exmark replacement blade.
• Sharpen the blade.
• Mow only dry grass or leaves. Wet grass and leaves
tend to clump on the yard and can cause the lawn
mower to plug or the engine to stall.
• Walk at a slower pace while mowing.
• Raise the cutting height on your lawn mower.
• Cut the grass more frequently.
Warning
• Overlap cutting swaths instead of cutting a full swath
with each pass.
Wet grass or leaves can cause serious injury if you
slip and contact the blade.
• Set the cutting height on the front wheels one notch
lower than the rear wheels. For example, set the front
wheels at 2 inches (51 mm) and the rear wheels at
2-1/2 inches (64 mm).
Mow only in dry conditions.
• Clean the underside of the lawn mower deck after each
mowing. See Cleaning the Underside of the Lawn
Mower Housing on page 15.
Cutting Leaves
• After cutting the lawn, ensure that half of the lawn
shows through the cut leaf cover. You may need to
make more than one pass over the leaves.
• Keep the engine in good running condition.
• Set the engine speed to the fastest position for the best
cutting results.
• For light leaf coverage, set all the wheels at the same
cutting height setting.
Warning
• If there are more than 5 inches (12.7 cm) of leaves on
the lawn, set the front cutting height 1 or 2 notches
higher than the rear cutting height. This makes it
easier to feed the leaves under the lawn mower deck.
Operating a lawn mower with its engine running
at a speed greater than the factory setting can
cause the lawn mower to throw a part of the blade
or engine into the operator’s or bystander’s area
and result in serious personal injury or death.
• Slow down your mowing speed if the lawn mower
does not cut the leaves finely enough.
• If you mow over oak leaves, you can add lime to the
grass in the spring to reduce the acidity of the oak
leaves.
• Do not change the engine speed setting.
• If you suspect the engine speed is faster than
normal, contact an Authorized Service Dealer.
• Clean the air filter frequently. Mulching stirs up more
clippings and dust which clogs the air filter and
reduces engine performance.
13
Maintenance
Note: Determine the left and right sides of the machine from the normal operating position.
Recommended Maintenance Schedule
Maintenance Service
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
Each Use
• Check the engine oil level.
• Check the stopping time of the blade brake. The blade must stop within
3 seconds of releasing the bail; if it does not, contact an Authorized Service
Dealer for repair.
• Remove grass clippings and dirt from under the housing.
• Clean the discharge tunnel and the discharge tunnel plug.
5 Hours
• Check the blade and the engine mounting fasteners. Tighten them if they are
loose.
25 Hours
• Clean the foam pre-cleaner of the air cleaner.
50 Hours
• Change the engine oil (without the oil filter).1
• Sharpen or replace the blade; maintain it more frequently if the edge dulls
quickly in rough or in sandy conditions.
• Check for leaks in the fuel system and/or a deteriorating fuel hose. Replace
parts if necessary.
• Remove grass clippings and debris from under the belt cover.
• Lubricate the pivot arms (self-propel model only).
75 Hours
• Adjust the self-propel drive system (self-propel model only).
100 Hours
• Change the oil filter.
• Inspect the spark plug and replace it if necessary.
• Clean the cooling system; remove grass clippings, debris, or dirt from the engine
air cooling fins and starter. Clean the system more frequently in dirty or
high-chaff conditions.
• Clean the fuel filter.
• Lubricate the gear case.
• Adjust the blade brake cable.
• Service the wheels.
300 Hours
• Replace the paper air filter. Replace it more frequently in dusty operating
conditions.
Storage
1Change the
• Empty the fuel tank before repairs as directed or before storage.
engine oil after the first 8 operating hours.
Important
Refer to your engine operator’s manual for additional maintenance procedures.
14
Caution
If you leave the wire on the spark plug, someone could accidently start the engine and seriously
injure you or other bystanders.
Disconnect the wire from the spark plug before you do any maintenance. Set the wire aside so
that it does not accidently contact the spark plug.
Checking the Engine Oil Level
Note: The blade will draw in water and wash out
clippings. Let the water run until you no longer see
clippings being washed out from under the housing.
Before you use the lawn mower, make sure that the oil
level is between the Add and the Full marks as shown on
the dipstick (Fig. 7). If the oil level is below the Add
mark, and oil. Refer to Filling the Crankcase with Oil on
page 8.
4. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
5. Turn off the garden hose.
6. Start the lawn mower and let it run for a few minutes
to dry out the moisture on the lawn mower and its
components.
Cleaning the Underside of the
Lawn Mower Housing
Scraping Method
To ensure the best performance, keep the underside of the
lawn mower housing clean (Fig. 16).
If washing does not remove all debris from under the lawn
mower, scrape it clean.
1. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
2. Drain the fuel from the fuel tank. Refer to Emptying
the Fuel Tank and Cleaning the Fuel Filter on page 18.
Warning
757
Tipping the lawn mower may cause the fuel to
leak from the carburetor or the fuel tank.
Gasoline is extremely flammable, highly explosive,
and, under certain conditions, can cause personal
injury or property damage.
Figure 16
Washing Method
Avoid fuel spills by running the engine dry or by
removing the gasoline with a hand pump; never
siphon.
1. Position the lawn mower on a flat concrete or asphalt
surface near a garden hose.
2. Start the engine.
3. Tip the lawn mower onto its right side (Fig. 16).
3. Hold the running garden hose at handle level and
direct the water to flow on the ground just in front of
the right rear tire (Fig. 17).
4. Remove the dirt and grass clippings with a hardwood
scraper. Avoid burrs and sharp edges.
5. Turn the lawn mower upright.
6. Fill the fuel tank.
1
7. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
1093
Figure 17
1. Rear right wheel
15
Cleaning the Discharge Tunnel
and Plug
4. Remove the cover and clean it thoroughly (Fig. 18).
5. Remove the paper air filter and discard it as required
(Fig. 19).
Remove the plug from the discharge tunnel and clean it
after each use.
1
Always be sure that the discharge tunnel door closes
securely when you release the handle. If the debris
prevents the discharge door from closing securely, clean
the inside of the discharge tunnel and the door thoroughly.
2
Warning
m-7281
Grass clippings and other objects can be thrown
from an open discharge tunnel and cause serious
injury or kill the operator or bystanders.
Figure 19
1. Paper air filter
Never start or operate the lawn mower unless one
of the following is true:
Important
• The discharge tunnel plug is locked securely in
the discharge tunnel.
• The grass bag is locked in place.
• The optional side discharge chute is locked in
place.
• The discharge tunnel door is locked in place.
2. Foam pre-cleaner
Do not try to clean a paper filter.
6. Remove the foam pre-cleaner and wash it with a mild
detergent and water, then blot it dry (Fig. 18).
7. Saturate the pre-cleaner with clean engine oil, then
squeeze it (do not twist) to remove the excess oil.
8. Install the foam pre-cleaner.
9. Install the new paper air filter.
Servicing the Air Filter
10. Install the cover and secure it with the screw.
Clean the foam pre-cleaner every 25 operating hours.
Replace the paper air filter once every season or every
300 operating hours; replace it more frequently in dusty
conditions.
Changing the Engine Oil
Change the oil after the first 8 operating hours and than
after every 50 operating hours or every season (more
frequently in dusty or dirty conditions).
Important Do not operate the engine without the air
filter assembly; extreme engine damage will occur.
1. Run the engine to warm the engine oil.
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Note: Warm oil flows better and carries more
contaminants.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Remove the screw that secures the air cleaner cover
(Fig. 18).
Warning
3
Oil may be hot after engine has been run, and
contact with hot oil can cause severe personal
injury.
Avoid contacting the hot engine oil when you
drain it.
1
2
m-7282
2. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Figure 18
1. Screw
2. Cover
3. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Paper air filter
4. Place a suitable drain pan beside the right side of the
lawn mower.
5. Remove the dipstick by rotating the cap
counterclockwise and pulling it out (Fig. 7).
16
Inspecting the Blade
6. Raise the left side of the lawn mower to drain the oil
into the drain pan.
Carefully examine the blade for sharpness and wear,
especially where the flat and the curved parts meet
(Fig. 21A). Because sand and abrasive material can wear
away the metal that connects the flat and curved parts of
the blade, check the blade before using the lawn mower. If
you notice a slot or wear (Figs. 21B and 21C), replace the
blade; refer to Removing the Blade on page 17.
1
Note: You can also remove the oil from the crankcase
using an oil extractor.
7. Lower the left side of the lawn mower.
8. Insert the dipstick into the filler neck and rotate the
cap clockwise until it is tight.
9. Recycle the used oil according to local codes.
10. Fill the crankcase to the Full line on the dipstick with
fresh oil. Refer to the Filling the Crankcase with Oil
on page 8.
A
11. Wipe up any spilled oil.
B
2
12. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
1
1
3
C
Maintaining the Cutting Blade
Always mow with a sharp blade. A sharp blade cuts
cleanly and without tearing or shredding the grass blades.
4
270
Figure 21
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
1. Sail
2. Flat part of blade
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Drain the gasoline from the fuel tank; refer to
Emptying the Fuel Tank and Cleaning the Fuel Filter
on page 18.
3. Wear
4. Slot formed
Note: For the best performance, install a new blade before
the cutting season begins. During the year, file down any
small nicks to maintain the cutting edge.
4. Tip the lawn mower onto its right side (Fig. 20).
2
Danger
1
A worn or damaged blade can break, and a piece
of the blade could be thrown into the operator’s
or bystander’s area, resulting in serious personal
injury or death.
3
• Inspect the blade periodically for wear or
damage.
• Replace a worn or damaged blade.
757
Figure 20
1. Blade
2. Blade bolt and lock
washer
3. Accelerator
Removing the Blade
1. Grasp the end of the blade using a rag or a thickly
padded glove.
2. Remove the blade bolt, the lock washer, the
accelerator, and the blade (Fig. 20).
17
Sharpening the Blade
3. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
File the top side of the blade to maintain its original
cutting angle (Fig. 22A) and inner cutting edge radius
(Fig. 22B). The blade will remain balanced if you remove
the same amount of material from both cutting edges.
Emptying the Fuel Tank and
Cleaning the Fuel Filter
A
B
1
The fuel filter (screen) element is located inside the fuel
tank. Clean the fuel filter element every 100 operating
hours.
2
1. Stop the engine and wait for it to cool down.
m-4783
153
Figure 22
1. Sharpen at this angle only
Important
2. Maintain the original
radius here
Drain gasoline from a cold engine only.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Close the fuel valve (Fig. 4).
4. Disconnect the fuel line (Fig. 29) by loosening the
tube clamp at the carburetor.
Balancing the Blade
5. Open the fuel valve by turning the lever to the open
position (Fig. 8).
1. Check the balance of the blade by placing the center
hole of the blade over a nail or screwdriver shank
clamped horizontally in a vise (Fig. 23).
6. Drain the gasoline completely from the tank and fuel
line into an approved fuel container.
7. Remove the fuel tank from the mower.
8. Close the fuel valve.
9. Pour a small amount of fuel in the fuel tank, move the
fuel around in the tank, and pour it out into an
approved fuel container.
1007
Figure 23
10. Install the fuel tank and fuel line; refer to Installing the
Fuel Tank and the Fuel Line on page 7.
Note: You can also check the balance using a
commercially manufactured blade balancer.
2. If either end of the blade rotates downward, file that
end (not the cutting edge or the end near the cutting
edge). The blade is properly balanced when neither
end drops.
Cleaning under the Belt Cover
Installing the Blade
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Self-propel Model only
Keep the area under the belt cover free of debris.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
1. Install a sharp, balanced Exmark blade, the
accelerator, the lock washer, and the blade bolt. The
sail of the blade must point toward the top of the lawn
mower housing for proper installation. Torque the
blade bolt to 50 ft-lb (68 Nm).
3. Remove the bolts that secure the belt cover (Fig. 24) to
the lawn mower housing.
1
Warning
Operating the lawn mower without the
accelerator in place can cause the blade to flex,
bend, or break, resulting in serious injury or
death to the operator or bystanders.
m-224
Figure 24
Do not operate the lawn mower without the
accelerator.
1. Belt cover
2. Return the lawn mower to its upright position.
18
2. Rotate the control knob clockwise / turn if the lawn
mower does not self-propel. If the lawn mower creeps
forward, rotate the knob / turn counterclockwise to
loosen the belt (Fig. 26).
4. Lift off the cover and brush out all the debris around
the belt area.
5. Install the belt cover.
6. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
Lubricating the Pivot Arms
Self-propel Model only
After every 50 operating hours or when the season ends,
lubricate the pivot arms.
1. Move the rear wheel cutting height levers to the center
setting.
1
m-228
2. Wipe the grease fittings with a clean rag (Fig. 25).
Figure 26
1. Control knob
3. Slowly pull the lawn mower backward while you
gradually move the control bar toward the handle.
Note: The adjustment is correct when the rear wheels stop
turning and the control bar is about one inch (2.5 cm)
from the handle (Fig. 27).
1
m-232
Figure 25
1
1. Grease fitting
3. Install a grease gun onto the fitting and gently apply 2
or 3 pumps of #2 multi-purpose lithium base grease
(Fig. 25).
m-513
Figure 27
1. One inch (2.5 cm)
Note: Excessive grease pressure may damage the seals.
Adjusting the Self-propel Drive
Self-propel Model only
If the lawn mower does not self-propel or has a tendency
to creep forward when the control bar is more than 1-1/2
inches (3.8 cm) from the handle, adjust the wheel drive
control knob on the rear of the gear box.
1. Close the door in the lawn mower housing and remove
the grass bag.
19
Servicing the Spark Plug
Warning
Check the spark plug after every 100 operating hours. Use
an NGK BPR5ES spark plug or equivalent.
Oil may be hot after the engine has been run, and
contact with hot oil can cause sever personal
injury.
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
Avoid contacting the hot engine oil when you
drain it.
3. Clean around the spark plug.
4. Remove the spark plug from the cylinder head.
2. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
Important Replace a cracked, fouled, or dirty spark
plug. Do not clean the electrodes because grit entering the
cylinder can damage the engine.
3. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
4. Drain the engine oil; refer to Changing the Engine Oil
on page 16.
5. Set the gap on the plug to 0.030 in. (0.76 mm)
(Fig. 28).
5. Place a rag under the oil filter to catch any oil that
may leak out as you remove the filter.
1
6. Remove the oil filter.
7. Use your finger to coat the gasket on the new filter
with clean engine oil (Fig. 30).
m-110
1
Figure 28
1. 0.030 in. (0.76 mm)
6. Install the spark plug and the gasket seal.
7. Torque the plug to 17 ft-lb (23 Nm).
8. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
m3862
Changing the Oil Filter
Figure 30
Replace the oil filter (Fig. 29) after every 100 operating
hours or yearly, whichever comes first.
1. Gasket
8. Install the new filter and hand tighten it 2/3 turn only.
9. Fill the crankcase to the Full line on the dipstick with
fresh oil. Refer to Filling the Crankcase with Oil on
page 8.
10. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
11. Run the engine for about 3 minutes.
1
2
12. Stop the engine, wait for all moving parts to stop, and
check for oil leakage around the filter.
m-7284
13. Add oil to compensate for the oil in the oil filter. Refer
to Checking the Engine Oil Level on page 15.
Figure 29
1. Oil filter
2. Fuel line
14. Recycle the used oil filter according to local codes.
1. Run the engine to warm the oil.
20
Lubricating the Gear Case
Hand-push Model only
A. Loosen the jam nut on the blade brake cable
(Fig. 32).
After every 100 operating hours, grease the gear case.
1. Remove the grass bag.
1
2. Install a grease gun onto the fitting through the belt
cover opening (Fig. 31).
1
2
2
3
4
6
5
483
Figure 32
1. Handle
2. Brake lever
3. 3/16 to 1/4 in. (5 to 6 mm)
m-224
Figure 31
1. Belt cover
4. Cable adjuster
5. Jam nut
6. cable conduit
2. Grease fitting
B. Insert a 3/16 to 1/4 in. (5 to 6 mm) object between
the brake lever and the handle.
3. Gently apply one to 2 pumps of #2 multi-purpose
lithium-base grease.
C. Turn the cable adjuster on the brake cable until you
remove the slack.
4. Install the grass bag.
D. Tighten the jam nut.
Adjusting the Blade Brake
Cable
Self-propel Model only
A. Loosen the nut on the cable bracket (Fig. 33).
Whenever you install a new blade brake cable assembly,
adjust it.
1
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 8).
3. Check the adjustment of the cable by moving the
control bar toward the handle until you remove the
slack in the cable.
2
Note: The gap between the brake lever and the handle
must be between 3/16 and 1/4 in. (5 and 6 mm). To
adjust the cable, go to step 4.
3
4
Figure 33
1. Handle
2. Brake lever
3. 3/16 to 1/4 in. (5 to 6 mm)
4. cable bracket
4. To adjust the cable, do the following:
B. Insert a 3/16 to 1/4 in. (5 to 6 mm) object between
the brake lever and the handle.
C. Pull down on the cable conduit until you remove
the slack from the wire.
D. Tighten the nut.
21
Servicing the Wheels
6. Install the 2 cap screws and 2 locknuts previously
removed in the remaining holes in the wheel halves
and tighten. Remove the 2 long screws or bolts and
replace them with 2 cap screws and 2 locknuts
(Fig. 34).
Removing the Wheels
1. Stop the engine and wait for all moving parts to stop.
7. Install the wheel to the pivot arm with the cap screws,
a spacer, and a locknut. Ensure that the spacer is
positioned between the wheel hub and the pivot arm
(Fig. 34).
2. Disconnect the wire from the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Remove the cap screw, the wheel spacer, and the
locknut mounting the wheel to the pivot arm (Fig. 34).
1
2
3
4
5
1
Storage
To prepare the lawn mower for off-season storage,
perform the recommended maintenance procedures. Refer
to Maintenance on page 14.
Store the lawn mower in a cool, clean, dry place. Cover
the lawn mower to keep it clean and protected.
6
7
5
7
8
9
Preparing the Fuel System
296
Figure 34
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Locknuts
Wheel spacer
Bearing/hub assembly
Bearing spacer
Wheel half
Warning
6. Plastic cover (rear wheels
only)
7. Lug
8. Bearing (2)
9. Cap screw
Gasoline can vaporize if you store it over long
periods of time and explode if it comes into
contact with an open flame.
• Do not store gasoline over long periods of time.
• Do not store the lawn mower with gasoline in
the fuel tank or the carburetor in an enclosure
with an open flame. (For example, a furnace or
a water heater pilot light.)
• Allow the engine to cool before storing it in any
enclosure.
4. Separate the wheel halves from the tire by removing 4
cap screws and 4 locknuts (Fig. 34).
Note: If you remove the bearings from the bearing/hub
assembly, remove them by pressing on the bearing spacer
(Fig. 34).
Assembling the Wheels
Empty the fuel tank when mowing the last time before
storing the lawn mower.
1. Position the tire onto one wheel half, aligning the lugs
on each (Fig. 34).
1. Run the lawn mower until the engine stops from
running out of fuel.
2. Place the bearing/hub assembly into the center hole of
the wheel half. Ensure that the legs of the hub are
positioned over the flange of the hole (Fig. 34).
2. Prime the engine and start it again.
3. Allow the engine to run until it stops. When you can
no longer start the engine, it is sufficiently dry.
3. Place the other wheel half onto the bearing/hub
assembly, aligning the wheel and the tire lugs and the
mounting holes (Fig. 34).
4. Using 2 fully threaded screws or bolts (1/4–20 x
1.50 in.) and non-locking nuts, loosely secure the
wheel halves together. Mount the screws or bolts in the
opposing holes (Fig. 34).
5. Check the alignment of all parts and tighten the
screws, alternating from side to side for a uniform fit,
until the wheel halves are drawn together (Fig. 34).
22
Preparing the Engine
Removing the Lawn Mower
from Storage
1. While the engine is still warm, change the oil from the
crankcase. Refer to Changing the Engine Oil on
page 16.
1. Check and tighten all fasteners.
2. Remove the spark plug and spin the engine rapidly
using the starter to blow excess oil from the cylinder.
2. Remove the spark plug (Fig. 10).
3. Using an oil can, add about one tablespoon of oil to
the crankcase through the spark plug hole.
3. Clean the spark plug or replace it if it is cracked,
broken, or if the electrodes are worn.
4. Slowly rotate the engine several times, using the
starter rope, to distribute the oil.
4. Install the spark plug and torque it to 17 ft-lb
(23 N⋅m).
5. Install the spark plug but do not connect the wire to
the spark plug.
5. Perform any needed maintenance procedures; refer to
Maintenance on page 14.
6. Fill the fuel in the fuel tank with fresh gasoline.
General Information
7. Check the engine oil level.
1. Clean the lawn mower housing. Refer to Cleaning the
Underside of the Lawn Mower Housing on page 15.
8. Connect the wire to the spark plug.
2. Clean any dirt and chaff from the cylinder, cylinder
head fins, and blower housing.
Accessories
3. Remove grass clippings, dirt, and grime from the
external parts of the engine, the shrouding, and the top
of the lawn mower housing.
You may purchase the following accessory from an
Authorized Service Dealer:
Side Discharge Kit
4. Check the condition of the blade. Refer to Maintaining
the Cutting Blade on page 17.
You can install the side discharge kit installs in seconds. It
is rear mounted in place of the grass bag. It disperses
clippings while trimming on both sides (Fig. 35).
5. Service the air filter; refer to Servicing the Air Filter
on page 16.
6. Lubricate the pivot arms; refer to Lubricating the Pivot
Arms on page 16.
7. Tighten all nuts, bolts, and screws.
8. Touch up all rusted or chipped paint surfaces with
paint available from an Authorized Service Dealer.
1
Figure 35
1. Side discharge chute
23
2047
Troubleshooting
Exmark designed and built your lawn mower for trouble-free operation. Check the following components and items
carefully, and refer to Maintenance on page 14 for more information. If a problem continues, contact an Authorized
Service Dealer.
Problem
Engine does not start
Engine starts hard or loses power
Engine runs rough
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The fuel tank is empty or the
fuel system contains stale fuel.
1. Drain and/or fill the fuel tank
with fresh gasoline. If the
problem persists, contact an
Authorized Service Dealer.
2. The throttle lever is not in the
Choke position.
2. Move the throttle lever to the
Choke position.
3. The wire is not connected to
the spark plug.
3. Connect the wire to the spark
plug.
4. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
4. Check the spark plug and
adjust the gap if necessary.
Replace the spark plug if it is
pitted, fouled, or cracked.
1. The fuel tank contains stale
fuel.
1. Drain and fill the fuel tank with
fresh gasoline.
2. The fuel cap vent hole is
plugged.
2. Clean the fuel cap vent hole or
replace the fuel cap.
3. The air filter element is dirty
and is restricting the air flow.
3. Clean the air filter pre-cleaner
and/or replace the paper air
filter.
4. The underside of the lawn
mower deck contains clippings
and debris.
4. Clean the underside of the lawn
mower deck.
5. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
5. Check the spark plug and
adjust the gap if necessary.
Replace the spark plug if it is
pitted, fouled, or cracked.
6. The engine oil level is low or
the oil is dirty.
6. Check the engine oil. Change
the oil if it is dirty or add oil if it
is low.
1. The wire is not connected to
the spark plug.
1. Connect the wire to the spark
plug.
2. The spark plug is pitted, fouled,
or the gap is incorrect.
2. Check the spark plug and
adjust the gap if necessary.
Replace the spark plug if it is
pitted, fouled, or cracked.
3. The throttle lever is not in the
Fast position.
3. Move the throttle lever to the
Fast position.
4. The air filter element is dirty
and is restricting the air flow.
4. Clean the air filter pre-cleaner
and/or replace the paper air
filter.
24
Problem
Lawn mower or engine vibrates
excessively
Uneven cutting pattern
Discharge chute plugs
Lawn mower does not self-propel
(Self-propel model only)
Possible Causes
Corrective Action
1. The blade is bent or is out of
balance.
1. Balance the blade. If the blade
is bent, replace it.
2. The blade mounting bolt is
loose.
2. Tighten the blade mounting
bolt.
3. The underside of the lawn
mower deck contains clippings
and debris.
3. Clean the underside of the lawn
mower deck.
4. The engine mounting bolts are
loose.
4. Tighten the engine mounting
bolts.
1. All four wheels are not at the
same height.
1. Place all four wheels at the
same height.
2. The blade is dull.
2. Sharpen and balance the
blade.
3. You are mowing in the same
pattern repeatedly.
3. Change the mowing pattern.
4. The underside of the lawn
mower deck contains clippings
and debris.
4. Clean the underside of the lawn
mower deck.
1. The throttle lever is not in the
Fast position.
1. Move the throttle lever to the
Fast position.
2. The cutting height is too low.
2. Raise the cutting height.
3. You are mowing too fast.
3. Slow down.
4. The grass is wet.
4. Allow the grass to dry before
mowing.
5. The underside of the lawn
mower deck contains clippings
and debris.
5. Clean the underside of the lawn
mower deck.
1. The self-propel drive cable is
out of adjustment or is
damaged.
1. Adjust the self-propel drive
cable. Replace the cable if
necessary.
2. There is debris under the belt
cover.
2. Clean the debris from under
the belt cover.
25
Limited Warranty
Exmark Turf Equipment
Conditions and Products Covered
Exmark Mfg. Co. Inc. and its affiliate, Exmark Warranty Company,
pursuant to an agreement between them, jointly warrant on the
terms and conditions herein, that we will repair, replace or adjust
any part manufactured by Exmark and found by us (in the exercise
of our reasonable discretion) to be defective in factory materials or
workmanship.
This warranty applies to Exmark turf equipment sold in the US or
Canada. This warranty may only be assigned or transferred to a
second (or third) owner by an authorized Exmark dealer. The
warranty period commences upon the date of the original retail
purchase.
Warranty Period
Products
• All Products (except as noted below)
1 year
(90 days for rental use)
• Peerless 5–speed transmission
1 year
(extended beyond manufacturer’s warranty of 90 days)
• Frame, Hydrostatic Traction System,
Electric Clutch and Exmark supplied Mufflers
2 years
• Blade Spindle Assy and Deck Jackshaft Assy
3 years
(1 year parts and labor, with additional 2 years parts only)
• Belts and Tires
90 days
• Battery
Refer to the battery manufacturer’s
warranty in the literature packet
• Engine*
Warranty is covered by engine manufacturer
*Please refer to the engine manufacturer’s warranty statement that
is included in the literature packet. We are not authorized to handle
warranty adjustments on engines.
This warranty only includes the cost of parts and labor.
Items and Conditions Not Covered
This warranty does not cover the following:
• Pickup and delivery charges to and from any authorized
Exmark Service Dealer.
• Any damage or deterioration due to normal use, wear and tear,
or exposure.
• Cost of regular maintenance service or parts, such as filters,
fuel, lubricants, tune-up parts, and adjustments.
• Any product or part which has been altered or misused or
required replacement or repair due to normal wear, accidents,
or lack of proper maintenance.
• Any repairs necessary due to use of parts, accessories or
supplies, including gasoline, oil or lubricants, incompatible with
the turf equipment or other than as recommended in the
operator’s manual or other operational instructions provided by
Exmark.
All warranty work must be performed by an authorized Exmark
Service Dealer using Exmark approved replacement parts.
Instructions for Obtaining Warranty Service
1. Contact any Exmark Service Dealer to arrange service at their
dealership. To locate a dealer convenient to you, access our
website at www.exmark.com. U.S. Customers may also call
402–223–6375.
2. Bring the product and your proof of purchase (sales receipt) to
the Exmark Service Dealer.
If for any reason you are dissatisfied with the Service Dealer’s
analysis or with the assistance provided, contact us at:
Exmark Customer Service Department
The Exmark Warranty Company
2101 Ashland Avenue
Beatrice, NE 68310
402–223–6375 or
[email protected]
Owner’s Responsibilities
The Exmark turf equipment, including any defective part, must be
returned to an authorized Exmark service dealer within the
warranty period. This warranty extends only to turf equipment
operated under normal conditions. You must properly service and
maintain your Exmark product as described in the operator’s
manual. Such routine maintenance, whether performed by a
dealer or by you, is at your expense.
As a condition to this warranty, customer shall have read the
operator’s manual and shall have completed and submitted to
Exmark Warranty Company, within the prescribed time, the
Exmark warranty registration.
General Conditions
The sole liability of Exmark and Exmark Warranty Company with
respect to this warranty shall be repair and replacement as set forth
herein. Neither Exmark nor Exmark Warranty Company shall
have any liability for any other cost, loss or damage, including
but not limited to, any incidental or consequential loss or
damage.
In particular, we shall have no liability or responsibility for:
• Expenses related to gasoline, oil or lubricants.
• Travel time, overtime, after hours time or other extraordinary
repair charges or charge relating to repairs or replacements
outside of normal business hours at the place of business of
the authorized Exmark service dealer.
• Rental of like or similar replacement equipment during the
period of any warranty, repair or replacement work.
• Any telephone or telegram charges or travel charges.
• Loss or damage to person or property other than that covered
by the terms of this warranty.
• Any claims for lost revenue, lost profit or additional cost as a
result of a claim of breach of warranty.
• Attorney’s fees.
No Claim of breach of warranty shall be cause for cancellation or
rescission of the contract of sale of any Exmark mower.
There are no understandings, agreements, representations, or
warranties, express or implied, including but not limited to any
regarding the merchantability (that product is fit for ordinary use) or
fitness for use (that product is fit for a particular purpose), not
specified herein, respecting the equipment which is the subject of
this warranty.
Some states do not allow exclusions of incidental or
consequential damages, or limitations on how long an
implied warranty lasts, so the above exclusions and
limitations may not apply to you.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state.
Rev. 8/1/2003
SERVICE RECORD
Date
Description Work Done
Service Done By
SEE EXMARK’S COMPLETE
LINE OF PRODUCTS FOR TURF CARE
LAZER Z
LAZER Z HP
LAZER Z XP
LAZER Z CT
TURF RANGER
TURF TRACER
TURF TRACER HP
VIKING HYDRO
METRO
METRO HP
ULTRA VAC
ULTRA VAC QDS
GRASS CATCHER
SELF STEERING SULKY
MICRO-MULCH ACCESSORY
Warning
CALIFORNIA
Proposition 65 Warning
The engine exhaust from this product contains
chemicals known to the State of California to
cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm.
2003
EXMARK MFG. CO. INC.
INDUSTRIAL PARK BOX 808
BEATRICE, NE 68310
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
FORM NO. 3329-962
(402) 223-6300
FAX (402) 223-5489
PRINTED IN U. S. A.

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