First Alert SA302 User's Manual

First Alert SA302 User's Manual
FEATURES AND BENEFITS
MAXIMUM PROTECTION
Features Ionization and Photoelectric Sensors: You get the protection of
both types of sensors in one easy-to-install Smoke Alarm.
USER’S MANUAL
ULTIMATE CONVENIENCE
Remote Control Test/Silence Feature: Use the VOLUME or CHANNEL
buttons on most remote controls to test or silence this Smoke Alarm from
up to 20 feet away.
SMOKE AND FIRE* ALARM
WITH REMOTE CONTROL FEATURES
PEACE AND QUIET!
Silence The Low Battery Warning: If the low battery warning starts chirping at 2:00 in the morning, you can silence it for up to eight hours, go
back to sleep, and change the battery when you wake up! Just use the
Remote Control Test/Silence Feature, or press and hold the Test/Silence
button for 3-5 seconds.
FEWER “NUISANCE” ALARMS!
Intelligent Sensing Technology: The microprocessor in this Smoke Alarm
evaluates smoke in a different way. While it can’t eliminate all non-emergency alarms, it can potentially reduce their numbers.
FIRE SAFETY TIPS
Follow safety rules, and prevent hazardous situations: 1) Use smoking materials properly. Never smoke in bed; 2) Keep matches or lighters away from children; 3) Store flammable materials in proper containers; 4) Keep electrical
appliances in good condition and don’t overload electrical circuits; 5) Keep
stoves, barbecue grills, fireplaces and chimneys grease- and debris-free;
6) Never leave anything cooking on the stove unattended; 7) Keep portable
heaters and open flames, like candles, away from flammable materials;
8) Don’t let rubbish accumulate.
IMPORTANT!
PLEASE READ CAREFULLY AND SAVE.
This user’s manual contains important information about your Smoke
Alarm’s operation. If you are installing this Smoke Alarm for use by others,
you must leave this manual—or a copy of it—with the end user.
M08-0071-002 D 07/04 Printed in Mexico
Keep alarms clean, and test them weekly. Replace alarms immediately if they
are not working properly. Smoke Alarms that do not work cannot alert you to a
fire. Keep at least one working fire extinguisher on every floor, and an additional one in the kitchen. Have fire escape ladders or other reliable means of
escape from an upper floor in case stairs are blocked.
Model SA302
BEFORE YOU INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
TABLE OF CONTENTS
IMPORTANT!
Read “Recommended Locations for Smoke Alarms” and “Locations to Avoid
For Smoke Alarms” before beginning. This unit monitors the air, and when
smoke reaches its sensing chamber, it alarms. It can give you more time to
escape before fire spreads. This unit can ONLY give an early warning of
developing fires if it is installed, maintained and located where smoke can
reach it, and where all residents can hear it, as described in this manual. This
unit will not sense gas, heat, or flame. It cannot prevent or extinguish fires.
Understand The Different Type of Smoke Alarms
Battery powered or electrical? Different Smoke Alarms provide different
types of protection. See “About Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know Where To Install Your Smoke Alarms
Fire Safety Professionals recommend at least one Smoke Alarm on every
level of your home, in every bedroom, and in every bedroom hallway or
separate sleeping area. See “Recommended Locations For Smoke
Alarms” and “Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms” for details.
Know What Smoke Alarms Can and Can’t Do
A Smoke Alarm can help alert you to fire, giving you precious time to
escape. It can only sound an alarm once smoke reaches the sensor.
See “Limitations of Smoke Alarms” for details.
Check Your Local Building Codes
This Smoke Alarm is designed to be used in a typical single-family home.
It alone may not meet requirements for boarding houses, apartment buildings, hotels or motels. See “Special Compliance Considerations” for
details.
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Fire Safety Tips . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Before You Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
How To Install This Smoke Alarm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
Optional Locking Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2-3
Understanding the Light and Horn Patterns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Weekly Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Regular Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
If This Smoke Alarm Sounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
What To Do In Case Of Fire . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Using The Silence Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
If You Suspect A Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Recommended Locations For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Locations To Avoid For Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
About Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
Special Compliance Considerations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Limitations Of Smoke Alarms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
All Rights Reserved. © 2004 BRK Brands, Inc.
BRK Brands, Inc., 3901 Liberty Street Road, Aurora, IL 60504-8122
Consumer Affairs: (800) 323-9005 • www.firstalert.com
*All First Alert® Smoke Alarms conform to regulatory requirements,
including UL217 and are designed to detect particles of combustion.
Smoke particles of varying number and size are produced in all fires.
Ionization technology is generally more sensitive than photoelectric
technology at detecting small particles, which tend to be produced
in greater amounts by flaming fires, which consume combustible
materials rapidly and spread quickly. Sources of these fires may include
paper burning in a wastebasket, or a grease fire in the kitchen.
Photoelectric technology is generally more sensitive than ionization
technology at detecting large particles, which tend to be produced in
greater amounts by smoldering fires, which may smolder for hours
before bursting into flame. Sources of these fires may include cigarettes
burning in couches or bedding.
For maximum protection, use both types of Smoke Alarms on each
level and in every bedroom of your home.
1
•
This unit will not alert hearing impaired residents. It is recommended that you install special units which use devices like
flashing strobe lights to alert the hearing impaired.
•
Do not connect this unit to any other alarm or auxiliary device. It
is a single-station unit that cannot be linked to other devices.
Connecting anything else to this unit may prevent it from working properly.
•
Unit will not operate without battery power. The Smoke Alarm
cannot work until you install the battery in the correct position
(Match “+” to “+” and “-” to “-”).
•
This Smoke Alarm has a battery drawer which resists closing
unless a battery is installed. This warns you the unit will not
operate without a battery.
•
Do not install this unit over an electrical junction box. Air currents around junction boxes can prevent smoke from reaching
the sensing chambers and prevent the unit from alarming. Only
AC powered units are intended for installation over junction
boxes.
•
Do not stand too close to the unit when the alarm is sounding. It
is loud to wake you in an emergency. Exposure to the horn at
close range may harm your hearing.
•
Do not paint over the unit. Paint may clog the openings to the
sensing chambers and prevent the unit from operating properly.
HOW TO INSTALL THIS SMOKE ALARM
FOLLOW THESE SIMPLE STEPS!
THE PARTS OF THIS SMOKE ALARM
1.
Test/Silence button
2.
Swing-open battery
drawer
3.
Red Light
Do not install this Smoke Alarm in a location where it could be easily
triggered when using your remote to operate your TV, VCR, or other
remote controlled appliances.
If you want to lock the battery drawer, or lock the Smoke Alarm to
the mounting bracket, please read the “Optional Locking Features”
section before you begin installation.
1. Hold base firmly and twist the mounting bracket clockwise to separate it from the base.
2. Hold the mounting bracket against the ceiling (or wall) so the vertical
mounting slot is aligned in the 12 o’clock position and trace around
the inside of the mounting slots (vertical and horizontal mounting).
3. Put the unit where it won’t get covered with dust when you drill the
mounting holes.
1.
Mounting bracket
2.
Horizontal
mounting slot (1 of 2)
3.
Vertical
mounting slot (2 of 2)
4.
Swing-open battery
drawer
5.
Turn this way to remove
from bracket
6.
Turn this way to attach
to bracket
4. Using a 3/16” (5 mm) drill bit, drill a hole through the center of the
oval outlines you traced.
5. Insert the plastic screw anchors (in the plastic bag with screws) into
the holes. Tap the screw anchors gently with a hammer, if necessary,
until they are flush with the ceiling or wall.
6. Attach the mounting bracket to the ceiling or wall.
7. Install the battery (included) so the terminals on the battery match
the terminals on the Smoke Alarm. Match “+” to “+” and “-” to “-.”
Push the battery in until it snaps in securely and cannot be shaken
loose. If the battery is not snapped in completely, the unit cannot
receive battery power.
NOTE: After you install the battery, the power indicator light will
flash and the horn will chirp. (If the unit alarms, the light will blink
rapidly, and the horn will repeatedly sound 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps.)
TOOLS YOU WILL NEED:
This unit is designed to be mounted
on the ceiling, or on the wall if necessary.
8. Attach the Smoke Alarm to the bracket. Line up the guides on the
alarm’s base with the guides on the mounting bracket. When guides
are lined up, turn the base clockwise (right) until it snaps into place.
• Pencil
• Drill with 3/16” (5 mm) drill bit
NOTE: Once the Smoke Alarm is snapped onto the bracket, you
can rotate the cover to adjust the alignment.
• Standard flathead screwdriver
• Hammer
9. Test the Smoke Alarm. See “Weekly Testing.”
• Pliers or utility knife, to activate optional
“tamper-resistant” locking features
OPTIONAL LOCKING FEATURES
The locking features are designed to discourage unauthorized removal of the battery or Alarm. It is not necessary to activate the locks in single-family
households where unauthorized battery or Alarm removal is not a concern.
These Smoke Alarms have two separate locking features: one to lock the battery compartment, and the other to lock the Smoke Alarm to the mounting bracket.
You can choose to use either feature independently, or use them both.
Tools you will need: • Needle-nose pliers or utility knife • Standard Flathead screwdriver.
Both locking features use locking pins, which are molded into the mounting bracket. Depending on which locking features
you use, remove one or both pins from the mounting bracket using needle nose pliers or a utility knife.
To permanently remove either lock, insert a flathead screwdriver between the locking pin and the lock, and pry the pin
out of the lock.
2
TO LOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
TO UN-LOCK THE BATTERY COMPARTMENT
Do not lock the battery compartment until you activate the battery and
test the Smoke Alarm.
1. Remove the Smoke Alarm from
the mounting bracket.
If the unit is locked to the bracket, see the section
“To Un-Lock the Mounting
Bracket.”
1. Install the battery so the terminals on the battery match the
terminals on the Smoke Alarm.
Match “+” to “+” and “-” to “-.”
Push the battery in until it snaps
in securely and cannot be shaken loose. If the battery is not
snapped in completely, the unit
cannot receive battery power.
2. Insert a flathead screwdriver
under the head of the locking
pin, and gently pry it out of the
battery compartment lock. (If you
plan to re-lock the battery compartment, save the locking pin.)
2. Push and hold test button until
the alarm sounds:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
3. To re-lock the battery
compartment, close the
battery door and reinsert locking
pin in lock.
If the unit does not alarm during
testing, DO NOT lock the battery
compartment! Install a new battery
and test again. If the Smoke Alarm
still does not alarm, replace it
immediately.
4. Reattach the Smoke Alarm
to the mounting bracket.
When replacing the battery, always
test the Smoke Alarm before relocking the battery compartment.
3. Using needle-nose pliers or a
utility knife, detach one locking
pin from the mounting bracket.
4. Push the locking pin through the
hole near the battery door latch
on the back of the Smoke Alarm.
TO LOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET:
TO UN-LOCK THE MOUNTING BRACKET:
1. Using needle-nose pliers,
detach one locking pin from
the mounting bracket.
1. Insert a flathead screwdriver into
the rectangular cut-out on the
mounting bracket nearest to the
locking pin.
2. Insert the locking pin through
the hole on the back of the
Smoke Alarm as shown in the
diagram.
2. Pry the Smoke Alarm away from
the bracket by pushing up on
the screwdriver and turning the
Smoke Alarm counterclockwise
(left) at the same time.
3. When you attach the Smoke
Alarm to the mounting bracket, the locking pin’s head will
fit into a notch on the bracket.
UNDERSTANDING THE LIGHT AND HORN PATTERNS
When your smoke alarm is in this mode…
Normal Operating Condition
Test
Alarm
Alarm (Silenced)
Low Battery Warning
Low Battery Warning (Silenced)
Requires Service
This is what you should hear…
This is what you should see…
Nothing. Horn is silent.
Red Light flashes every minute.
Horn sounds loudly. Horn pattern repeats twice:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
Red Light flashes rapidly.
Alarm Horn sounds loudly. Repeating horn
pattern: 3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
Repeats for as long as unit is in alarm.
Red Light flashes rapidly.
Nothing. Horn is silent for up to 15 minutes.
Red Light flashes rapidly.
Horn chirps once a minute.
Red Light flashes every minute.
Nothing. Horn is silent for up to eight hours.
A series of two rapid flashes, once a minute.
A series of three rapid chirps, once every minute.
Red Light flashes every minute.
WEEKLY TESTING
•
It is important to test this unit every week to make sure it is working
properly. Using the test button is the recommended way to test this Smoke
Alarm. During testing, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
NEVER use an open flame of any kind to test this unit. You might
accidentally damage or set fire to the unit or to your home. The
built-in test switch accurately tests the unit’s operation as required
by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL). If you choose to use an
aerosol smoke product to test the Smoke Alarm, be certain to use
one that has been Listed to Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Safety
Standards, and use it only as directed. Use of non-UL Listed products or improper use of UL Listed products may affect the Smoke
Alarm’s sensitivity.
•
If the Alarm ever fails to test properly, replace it immediately.
Products under warranty may be returned to the manufacturer for
replacement. See “Limited Warranty” at the end of this manual.
•
DO NOT stand close to the alarm when the horn is sounding.
Exposure at close range may be harmful to your hearing. When
testing, step away when horn starts sounding.
You can test this Smoke Alarm two ways:
Manually: Press the Test/Silence button on the
alarm cover until alarm sounds for 3-5 seconds.
Using Your Remote Control: Standing no further than 20 feet away from the Smoke Alarm,
aim your IR remote at the Smoke Alarm and
press the CHANNEL or VOLUME button for at
least 3-5 seconds.
If the alarm does not respond to your remote
control, there may be an obstruction between
you and the alarm, you may be standing too
far away, or your remote control may not be
compatible.
3
1
2
REGULAR MAINTENANCE
USING THE SILENCE FEATURES
This unit has been designed to be as maintenance free as possible, but there
are a few simple things you must do to keep it working properly.
SILENCING AN ALARM
The silence feature does not disable the unit—it temporarily silences the
horn. For your safety, if smoke around the unit is dense enough to suggest a potentially dangerous situation, it will stay in alarm, or may realarm quickly. If you do not know the source of the smoke, do not
assume it is an unwanted alarm. Not responding to an alarm can result in
property loss, injury or death.
Use only the replacement batteries listed below. The unit may not
operate properly with other batteries. Never use rechargeable
batteries since they may not provide a constant charge.
• Test it at least once a week.
• Clean the Smoke Alarm at least once a month; gently vacuum the
outside of the Smoke Alarm using your household vacuum’s soft brush
attachment. Test the Smoke Alarm. Never use water, cleaners or solvents
since they may damage the unit.
• If the Smoke Alarm becomes contaminated by excessive dirt, dust and/or
grime, and cannot be cleaned to avoid unwanted alarms, replace the
unit immediately.
• Relocate the unit if it sounds frequent unwanted alarms. See “Locations
to Avoid for Smoke Alarms” for details.
• When the battery becomes weak, the Smoke Alarm unit will “chirp” about
once a minute (the low battery warning). This low battery warning should
last for 30 days, but you should replace the battery immediately to continue your protection.
Choosing a replacement battery:
Your Smoke Alarm requires one standard 9V battery. The following batteries
are acceptable as replacements: Duracell #MN1604, (Ultra) #MX1604;
Eveready (Energizer) #522. You may also use a Lithium battery like the
Ultralife U9VL-J for longer service life between battery changes. These
batteries are available at many local retail stores.
The silence feature can temporarily quiet an unwanted alarm for several minutes. You can silence this Smoke Alarm two ways:
1. Manually: Press the Test/Silence button on the alarm cover for at least 35 seconds.
2. Using Your Remote Control: Standing no further than 20 feet away from
the Smoke Alarm, aim your IR remote at the Smoke Alarm and press the
CHANNEL or VOLUME button for at least 3-5 seconds.
NOTE: During an alarm, you can only silence the alarm ONCE using the
remote Silence feature. The Test/Silence button on the Smoke Alarm will
continue to silence the alarm as needed. The remote Silence feature will
be automatically restored when the Smoke Alarm resets.
If the alarm does not respond to your remote control, there may be an
obstruction between you and the alarm, you may be standing too far
away, or your remote control may not be compatible.
While the Smoke Alarm is in “silence” mode, the LED will continue to flash the
alarm pattern – three times, pause, three times, pause– for up to 15 minutes.
It will stop flashing when the Smoke Alarm returns to normal operation. If
smoke levels rise, the Smoke Alarm will return to alarm condition.
With Optional Lithium Battery: This model was shipped with a Lithium
battery with 10 year warranty. When you replace the original battery, you must
replace it with a Lithium battery for continued long-life power between battery
changes.
SILENCING THE LOW BATTERY WARNING
This silence feature can temporarily quiet the low battery warning “chirp” for
up to 8 hours without having to remove the battery. You can silence the low
battery warning “chirp” two ways:
Actual battery service life depends on the Smoke Alarm and the environment
in which it is installed. All the batteries specified above are acceptable
replacement batteries for this unit. Regardless of the manufacturer’s suggested battery life, you MUST replace the battery immediately once the unit starts
“chirping” (the “low battery warning”).
1. Manually: Press the Test/Silence button on the alarm cover.
2. Using Your Remote Control: Standing no further than 20 feet away from
the Smoke Alarm, aim your IR remote at the Smoke Alarm and press the
CHANNEL or VOLUME button for at least 3-5 seconds.
Once the low battery warning “chirp” silence feature is activated, the unit continues to flash the red light twice once a minute for 8 hours. After 8 hours, the
low battery “chirp” will resume. Replace the battery as soon as possible,
this unit will not operate without battery power!
IF THIS SMOKE ALARM SOUNDS
RESPONDING TO AN ALARM
During an alarm, you will hear a loud, repeating horn pattern:
3 beeps, pause, 3 beeps, pause.
To deactivate this feature: Press the Test/Silence button or use your remote
control again. The unit will go into Test Mode and the low battery warning will
resume (LED flashes and unit sounds “chirp” once a minute.)
•
If the unit alarms and you are not testing the unit, it is warning you
of a potentially dangerous situation that requires your immediate
attention. NEVER ignore any alarm. Ignoring the alarm may result in
injury or death.
If you cannot silence the low battery warning, replace your battery
immediately.
•
Never remove the batteries from a battery operated Smoke Alarm to
stop an unwanted alarm (caused by cooking smoke, etc.). Removing
batteries disables the alarm so it cannot sense smoke, and removes
your protection. Instead open a window or fan the smoke away from
the unit. The alarm will reset automatically.
•
IF YOU SUSPECT A PROBLEM
Smoke Alarms may not operate properly because of dead, missing or weak
batteries, a build-up of dirt, dust or grease on the Smoke Alarm cover, or
installation in an improper location. Clean the Smoke Alarm as described in
“Regular Maintenance,” and install a fresh battery, then test the Smoke Alarm
again. If it fails to test properly when you use the test button, or if the problem
persists, replace the Smoke Alarm immediately.
• If you hear a “chirp” once a minute, replace the battery.
• If you experience frequent non-emergency alarms (like those caused
by cooking smoke), try relocating the Smoke Alarm.
• If the alarm sounds when no smoke is visible, try cleaning or
relocating the Smoke Alarm. The cover may be dirty.
• If the alarm does not sound during testing, try installing a new
battery, and make sure it is snapped in securely.
If the unit alarms get everyone out of the house immediately.
WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF FIRE
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Don’t panic; stay calm. Follow your family escape plan.
Get out of the house as quickly as possible. Don’t stop to
get dressed or collect anything.
Feel doors with the back of your hand before opening them.
If a door is cool, open it slowly. Don’t open a hot door. Keep doors
and windows closed, unless you must escape through them.
Cover your nose and mouth with a cloth (preferably damp).
Take short, shallow breaths.
Meet at your planned meeting place outside your home,
and do a head count to make sure everybody got out safely.
Call the Fire Department as soon as possible from outside.
Give your address, then your name.
Never go back inside a burning building for any reason.
Contact your Fire Department for ideas on making your home safer.
Do not try fixing the alarm yourself – this will void your warranty!
If the Smoke Alarm is still not operating properly, and it is still under
warranty, please see “How to Obtain Warranty Service” in the Limited
Warranty.
Alarms have various limitations. See "Limitations of Smoke Alarms" for
details.
4
RECOMMENDED LOCATIONS FOR SMOKE ALARMS
LOCATIONS TO AVOID FOR SMOKE ALARMS
Installing Smoke Alarms in Single-Family Residences
The National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), recommends one Smoke
Alarm on every floor, in every sleeping area, and in every bedroom. In new
construction, the Smoke Alarms must be AC powered and interconnected.
See “Agency Placement Recommendations” for details. For additional
coverage, it is recommended that you install a Smoke Alarm in all rooms,
halls, storage areas, finished attics, and basements, where temperatures
normally remain between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F (38˚C). Make sure no door or
other obstruction could keep smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarms.
For best performance, it is recommended you AVOID installing Smoke
Alarms in these areas:
Do not install this Smoke Alarm in a location where it
could be easily triggered when using your remote to
operate your TV, VCR, or other remote controlled
appliances.
•
Where combustion particles are produced. Combustion particles form
when something burns. Areas to avoid include poorly ventilated kitchens,
garages, and furnace rooms. Keep units at least 20 feet (6 meters) from
the sources of combustion particles (stove, furnace, water heater, space
heater) if possible. In areas where a 20-foot (6-meter) distance is not
possible – in modular, mobile, or smaller homes, for example – it is
recommended the Smoke Alarm be placed as far from these fuel-burning
sources as possible. The placement recommendations are intended to
keep these Alarms at a reasonable distance from a fuel-burning source,
and thus reduce “unwanted” alarms. Unwanted alarms can occur if a
Smoke Alarm is placed directly next to a fuel-burning source. Ventilate
these areas as much as possible.
•
In air streams near kitchens. Air currents can draw cooking smoke into the
sensing chamber of a Smoke Alarm near the kitchen.
•
In very damp, humid or steamy areas, or directly near bathrooms with
showers. Keep units at least 10 feet (3 meters) away from showers,
saunas, dishwashers, etc.
•
Where the temperatures are regularly below 40˚ F (4˚C) or above 100˚ F
(38˚C), including unheated buildings, outdoor rooms, porches, or unfinished attics or basements.
•
In very dusty, dirty, or greasy areas. Do not install a Smoke Alarm
directly over the stove or range. Keep laundry room Smoke Alarms free
of dust or lint.
•
Near fresh air vents, ceiling fans, or in very drafty areas. Drafts can blow
smoke away from the unit, preventing it from reaching the sensing chamber.
•
In insect infested areas. Insects can clog openings to the sensing chamber and cause unwanted alarms.
•
Less than 12 inches (305mm) away from fluorescent lights. Electrical
“noise” can interfere with the sensor.
•
In “dead air” spaces. “Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm.
More specifically, install Smoke Alarms:
• On every level of your home, including finished attics and basements.
• Inside every bedroom, especially if people sleep with doors closed.
• In the hall near every sleeping area. If your home has multiple sleeping
areas, install a unit in each.
• If a hall is over 40 feet (12 meters) long, install an alarm at each end.
• At the top of the first-to-second floor stairway, and at bottom of basement
stairway.
Specific requirements for Smoke Alarm installation vary from state to state
and from region to region. Check with your local Fire Department for current
requirements in your area. It is recommended AC or AC/DC units be
interconnected for added protection.
Avoiding Dead Air Spaces
“Dead air” spaces may prevent smoke from reaching the Smoke Alarm. To
avoid dead air spaces, follow the installation recommendations below.
On ceilings, install Smoke Alarms as close to the center of the ceiling as
possible. If this is not possible, install the Smoke Alarm at least 4 inches
(102 mm) from the wall or corner.
INSTALLING SMOKE ALARMS IN MOBILE HOMES & RVS
For minimum security install one Smoke Alarm as close to each sleeping area
as possible. For more security, put one unit in each room. Many older mobile
homes (especially those built before 1978) have little or no insulation. If your
mobile home is not well insulated, or if you are unsure of the amount of insulation, it is important to install units on inside walls only. Smoke Alarms should
be installed where temperatures normally remain between 40˚F (4˚C) and 100˚F
(38˚C). WARNING: Test units used in RVs after the vehicle has been in
storage, before every trip, and once a week while in use. Failure to test
units used in RVs as described may remove your protection.
For wall mounting (if allowed by building codes), the top edge of Smoke
Alarms should be placed between 4 and 12 inches (102 and 305 mm) from
the wall/ceiling line, below typical “dead air” spaces.
On a peaked, gabled, or cathedral ceiling, install the first Smoke Alarm
within 3 feet (0.9 meters) of the peak of the ceiling, measured horizontally.
Additional Smoke Alarms may be required depending on the length, angle,
etc. of the ceiling's slope. Refer to NFPA 72 for details on requirements for
sloped or peaked ceilings.
This equipment should be installed in accordance with NFPA (National Fire
Protection Association) 72 and 101. National Fire Protection Association, One
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269-9101. Additional local building and
regulatory codes may apply in your area. Always check compliance requirements before beginning any installation.
ABOUT SMOKE ALARMS
Battery (DC) operated Smoke Alarms: Provide protection even when
electricity fails, provided the batteries are fresh and correctly installed. Units
are easy to install, and do not require professional installation.
AC powered Smoke Alarms: Can be interconnected so if one unit senses
smoke, all units alarm. They do not operate if electricity fails.
AC with battery (DC) back-up: will operate if electricity fails, provided the
batteries are fresh and correctly installed. AC and AC/DC units must be
installed by a qualified electrician.
AGENCY PLACEMENT RECOMMENDATIONS
NFPA 72 (National Fire Code)
Smoke Alarms shall be installed in each separate sleeping room, outside each
sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms and on each additional story of the family living unit, including basements and excluding crawl
spaces and unfinished attics.
Smoke Alarms for Solar or Wind Energy users and battery backup power
systems: AC powered Smoke Alarms should only be operated with true or
pure sine wave inverters. Operating this Smoke Alarm with most battery-powered UPS (uninterruptible power supply) products or square wave or “quasi
sine wave” inverters will damage the Alarm. If you are not sure about your
inverter or UPS type, please consult with the manufacturer to verify.
In new construction, Alarms shall be so arranged that operation of any one
Alarm shall cause the operation of all Alarms within the dwelling.
Smoke Detection-Are More Smoke Alarms Desirable? The required number of Smoke Alarms might not provide reliable early warning protection for
those areas separated by a door from the areas protected by the required
Smoke Alarms. For this reason, it is recommended that the householder consider the use of additional Smoke Alarms for those areas for increased protection. The additional areas include the basement, bedrooms, dining room, furnace room, utility room, and hallways not protected by the required Smoke
Alarms. The installation of Smoke Alarms in kitchens, attics (finished or unfinished), or garages is not normally recommended, as these locations occasionally experience conditions that can result in improper operation.
Smoke Alarms for the hearing impaired: Special purpose Smoke Alarms
should be installed for the hearing impaired. They include a visual alarm and
an audible alarm horn, and meet the requirements of the Americans With
Disabilities Act. Can be interconnected so if one unit senses smoke, all
units alarm.
California State Fire Marshal (CSFM)
Early warning detection is best achieved by the installation of fire detection
equipment in all rooms and areas of the household as follows: A Smoke Alarm
installed in each separate sleeping area (in the vicinity, but outside bedrooms),
and Heat or Smoke Alarms in the living rooms, dining rooms, bedrooms,
kitchens, hallways, finished attics, furnace rooms, closets, utility and storage
rooms, basements, and attached garages.
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SPECIAL COMPLIANCE CONSIDERATIONS
LIMITATIONS OF SMOKE ALARMS
Smoke Alarms have played a key role in reducing deaths resulting from home
fires worldwide. However, like any warning device, Smoke Alarms can only
work if they are properly located, installed, and maintained, and if smoke
reaches them. They are not foolproof.
This Smoke Alarm alone is not a suitable substitute for complete fire detection
systems in places housing many people—like apartment buildings, condominiums, hotels, motels, dormitories, hospitals, long-term health care facilities,
nursing homes, day care facilities, or group homes of any kind—even if they
were once single-family homes. It is not a suitable substitute for complete fire
detection systems in warehouses, industrial facilities, commercial buildings,
and special-purpose non-residential buildings which require special fire detection and alarm systems. Depending on the building codes in your area, this
Smoke Alarm may be used to provide additional protection in these facilities.
The following information applies to all four building types below:
In new construction, most building codes require the use of AC or AC/DC
powered Smoke Alarms only. In existing construction, AC, AC/DC, or DC
powered Smoke Alarms can be used as specified by local building codes.
Refer to NFPA 101 (Life Safety Code) or NFPA 72 (National Fire Alarm Code),
local building codes, or consult your Fire Department for detailed fire protection requirements in buildings not defined as “households.”
1. Single-Family Residence:
Single family home, townhouse. It is recommended Smoke Alarms be
installed on every level of the home, in every bedroom, and in each bedroom
hallway.
2. Multi-Family or Mixed Occupant Residence:
Apartment building, condominium. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use in
individual apartments or condos, provided a primary fire detection system
already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas may not
provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
3. Institutions:
Hospitals, day care facilities, long-term health care facilities. This Smoke
Alarm is suitable for use in individual patient sleeping/resident rooms, provided a primary fire detection system already exists to meet fire detection
requirements in common areas like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this
Smoke Alarm in common areas may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection ordinances/regulations.
4. Hotels and Motels:
Also boarding houses and dormitories. This Smoke Alarm is suitable for use
inside individual sleeping/resident rooms, provided a primary fire detection
system already exists to meet fire detection requirements in common areas
like lobbies, hallways, or porches. Using this Smoke Alarm in common areas
may not provide sufficient warning to all residents or meet local fire protection
ordinances/regulations.
Smoke alarms may not waken all individuals. Practice the escape plan at
least twice a year, making sure that everyone is involved – from kids to grandparents. Allow children to master fire escape planning and practice before
holding a fire drill at night when they are sleeping. If children or others do
not readily waken to the sound of the Smoke Alarm, or if there are infants or
family members with mobility limitations, make sure that someone is assigned
to assist them in fire drill and in the event of an emergency. It is recommended
that you hold a fire drill while family members are sleeping in order to determine their response to the sound of the Smoke Alarm while sleeping and to
determine whether they may need assistance in the event of an emergency.
Smoke Alarms cannot work without power. Battery operated units cannot
work if the batteries are missing, disconnected or dead, if the wrong type of
batteries are used, or if the batteries are not installed correctly. AC units cannot work if the AC power is cut off for any reason (open fuse or circuit breaker,
failure along a power line or at a power station, electrical fire that burns the
electrical wires, etc.). If you are concerned about the limitations of battery or
AC power, install both types of units.
Smoke Alarms cannot detect fires if the smoke does not reach them.
Smoke from fires in chimneys or walls, on roofs, or on the other side of closed
doors may not reach the sensing chamber and set off the alarm. That is why
one unit should be installed inside each bedroom or sleeping area—especially
if bedroom or sleeping area doors are closed at night—and in the hallway
between them.
Smoke Alarms may not detect fire on another floor or area of the home.
For example, a stand-alone unit on the second floor may not detect smoke
from a basement fire until the fire spreads. This may not give you enough time
to escape safely. That is why recommended minimum protection is at least
one unit in every sleeping area, and every bedroom on every level of your
home. Even with a unit on every floor, stand-alone units may not provide as
much protection as interconnected units, especially if the fire starts in a
remote area. Some safety experts recommend installing interconnected AC
powered units with battery back-up (see “About Smoke Alarms”) or professional fire detection systems, so if one unit senses smoke, all units alarm.
Interconnected units may provide earlier warning than stand-alone units since
all units alarm when one detects smoke.
Smoke Alarms may not be heard. Though the alarm horn in this unit meets
or exceeds current standards, it may not be heard if: 1) the unit is located
outside a closed or partially closed door, 2) residents recently consumed
alcohol or drugs, 3) the alarm is drowned out by noise from stereo, TV, traffic,
air conditioner or other appliances, 4) residents are hearing impaired or
sound sleepers. Special purpose units, like those with visual and audible
alarms, should be installed for hearing impaired residents.
Smoke Alarms may not have time to alarm before the fire itself causes
damage, injury, or death, since smoke from some fires may not reach the
unit immediately. Examples of this include persons smoking in bed, children playing with matches, or fires caused by violent explosions resulting
from escaping gas.
Smoke Alarms are not foolproof. Like any electronic device, Smoke Alarms
are made of components that can wear out or fail at any time. You must test
the unit weekly to ensure your continued protection. Smoke Alarms cannot
prevent or extinguish fires. They are not a substitute for property or life
insurance.
Smoke Alarms have a limited life. The unit should be replaced immediately
if it is not operating properly. You should always replace a Smoke Alarm after
10 years from date of purchase. Write the purchase date on the space
provided on back of unit.
LIMITED WARRANTY
BRK Brands, Inc., ("BRK") the maker of First Alert® brand products warrants that for a period of ten years from the date of purchase, this product will be free from
defects in material and workmanship. BRK, at its option, will repair or replace this product or any component of the product found to be defective during the warranty period. Replacement will be made with a new or remanufactured product or component. If the product is no longer available, replacement may be made with
a similar product of equal or greater value. This is your exclusive warranty.
This warranty is valid for the original retail purchaser from the date of initial retail purchase and is not transferable. Keep the original sales receipt. Proof of purchase
is required to obtain warranty performance. BRK dealers, service centers, or retail stores selling BRK products do not have the right to alter, modify or any way
change the terms and conditions of this warranty.
This warranty does not cover normal wear of parts or damage resulting from any of the following: negligent use or misuse of the product, use on improper voltage
or current, use contrary to the operating instructions, disassembly, repair or alteration by anyone other than BRK or an authorized service center. Further, the warranty does not cover Acts of God, such as fire, flood, hurricanes and tornadoes or any batteries that are included with this unit.
BRK shall not be liable for any incidental or consequential damages caused by the breach of any express or implied warranty. Except to the extent prohibited by
applicable law, any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose is limited in duration to the duration of the above warranty. Some states,
provinces or jurisdictions do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages or limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the
above limitations or exclusion may not apply to you. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state to state or
province to province.
How to Obtain Warranty Service
Service: If service is required, do not return the product to your retailer. In order to obtain warranty service, contact the Consumer Affairs Division at
1-800-323-9005, 7:30 AM - 5:00 PM Central Standard Time, Monday through Friday. To assist us in serving you, please have the model number and date of
purchase available when calling. 303 Nelson Avenue, Neosho, MO 64850-8806.
Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. make no warranty, express or implied, written or oral, including that of merchantability or fitness for any particular purpose with
respect to battery.
Model SA302 with Lithium Battery: BRK Brands, Inc. warrants the enclosed battery to be free from defects in materials and workmanship under normal use and
service for a period of ten years from the date of purchase. Warranty does not cover length of actual service life.
First Alert® is a registered trademark of the First Alert Trust.
Printed in Mexico M08-0071-002 D 07/04
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