User manual | Trig, Polar Coordinates, and Complex Numbers

```Trig, Polar Coordinates, and Complex Numbers
I.
a. Always check if the problem you are working on is asking for
radians or degrees, and if your calculator is in the right mode.
b. The window set by ZTrig is based on whether radian or degree
mode is selected. If a graph doesn’t look right, although ZTrig
changed midway. If so, get into the right mode, and use ZTrig.
i. Window set by ZTrig (Radian mode):
Xmin ≈ − 2π
Xmax ≈ 2π
Xscl =
π
2
Ymin = − 4
Ymax = 4
Yscl = 1
ii. Window set by ZTrig (Degree mode):
Xmin = − 352.5°
Xmax = 352.5°
Xscl = 90°
Ymin = − 4
Ymax = 4
Yscl = 1
c. Graph: y = 2 cos 2 x and find an equation of the form
y = k + A*sin(Bx + C)
Amplitude = A
Period =
2π
B
Phase Shift =
−C
B
** All graphing features used with regular functions applies to
trigonometric functions as well **
We can find the amplitude by using maximum/minimum finders.
We can find the period and phase shift by tracing values.
II.
Polar Coordinates
a. Pay attention to what mode (degrees or radians) the problem is
asking for, and always make sure the calculator is in the right
mode.
i. Press
2nd
and then
MATRX
ii. RPr( converts a rectangular form to r in polar
coordinates.
iii. RP θ (
converts a rectangular form to the θ in polar
coordinates.
iv. PRx(
converts a polar form to the rectangular x-
coordinate.
v. PRy(
converts a polar form to the rectangular y-
coordinate.
vi. The
,
button is located above the “seven” button.
c. Converting from polar to rectangular (to three decimal places)
i. (7, 2 π /3)
Rectangular form is:
ii. (-9.028, -0.663)
Rectangular form is:
d. Converting from rectangular to polar (in degrees)
i. (6.9, 4.7)
Polar form is:
ii. (16, -27)
Polar form is:
e. Graphing polar graphs
ii. Change to POL (polar) in the MODE menu.
iii. Change to PolarGC in FORMAT menu (press
ZOOM
iv.
2nd , then
).
Enter equation and graph like usual. When entering the
variable θ , the same button (
X,T, θ ,n
) is used when
graphing functions of x.
v. In order to draw the graph proportionately, use ZSquare in
make the graph appear horizontally and vertically
proportional.
vi. Graph r = 8*cos(2 θ ).
vii. Graph r = 6*sin(3 θ ).
III.
Complex numbers
a. Degrees and radians are important here, too!
b. How do we convert -7-4i to polar form (in degrees; two
decimal places)?
i. While working with complex numbers, it is easier to read
answers that have a fixed number of decimal places. How
do you change the number of decimal places the answers
are given in?
ii. Is the MODE correct?
iii. Enter the expression. How do we type in the ‘i’?
iv. Conversion feature is located in the MATH menu. Once in
MATH, use the right arrow to go to CPX. Then, conversion
to polar is feature number 7. Select this and press ENTER.
c. Convert 6-5i to polar form (in radians, two decimal places).
d. How do we convert 5.71e
( −0.48)i
to rectangular form (two
decimal places)?
i. Is the MODE correct?
ii. Enter the expression.
iii. The conversion to rectangular form is feature 6. Select this
and press ENTER.