The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match

The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match

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This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain with the motorcycle when it is resold.

This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda

Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without incurring any obligation.

No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.

The vehicle pictured on the front cover may not match your vehicle.

2008 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.

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2009

Honda VT750C2/C2F

Shadow Spirit 750

OWNER’S MANUAL

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Introduction

Congratulations on choosing your Honda motorcycle.

When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied customers

− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into every product.

Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it works.

To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.

Introduction

We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use, the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.

As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your

Honda, other property, or the environment.

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Read the Warranties Booklet (page thoroughly so you understand the

207 coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and responsibilities.

)

If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated to your complete satisfaction.

Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we will be able to contact you concerning important product information.

Introduction

You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.

Happy riding!

California Proposition 65 Warning

WARNING:

This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of

California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.

Introduction

08/08/06 12:24:41 31MFE620 0005 

A Few Words About Safety

Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.

To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.

Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.

You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:

Safety Labels

–– on the motorcycle.

Safety Messages

–– preceded by a safety alert symbol and one of three signal words:

DANGER, WARNING,

or

CAUTION

.

These signal words mean:

Safety Messages

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A Few Words About Safety

You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.

Safety Headings

–– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.

Safety Section

–– such as Motorcycle Safety.

Instructions

–– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.

This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.

Safety Messages

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Contents

These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.

Motorcycle Safety ..............................

.

Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.

1

Instruments & Controls ....................

.

The location and function of indicators and controls on your motorcycle and

9

operating instructions for various controls and features.

Before Riding .....................................

.

25

The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information about loading.

Basic Operation & Riding ................

.

How to start and stop the engine, shift

35

gears, and brake. Also, riding precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.

Contents

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Servicing Your Honda ......................

.

51

Why your motorcycle needs regular maintenance, what you need to know before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.

Tips ......................................................

.

141

How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an environmentally responsible rider.

Taking Care of the Unexpected .......

.

149

What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.

Contents

Technical Information ......................

.

ID numbers, technical specifications,

179

and other technical facts.

Consumer Information .....................

.

Information on warranties, emission

203

controls, how to get Honda service manuals, and...

‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ........

.

212

Table of Contents ..............................

.

213

Sequential listing of topics in this owner’s manual.

Index ....................................................

.

217

Quick Reference

Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.

Contents

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This section presents some of the most important information and recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the location of safety labels on your motorcycle.

Motorcycle Safety

Important Safety Information ................

.

Accessories & Modifications .................

.

2

5

Safety Labels ..........................................

.

7

Motorcycle Safety

1

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Important Safety Information

Your motorcycle can provide many years of service and pleasure − if you take responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet while riding.

There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a few that we consider to be most important.

Always Wear a Helmet

It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection, sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 26 ).

2

Motorcycle Safety

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Take Time to Learn & Practice

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Because many accidents involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). See page 28 .

Ride Defensively

The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your lane.

Important Safety Information

Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For other riding tips, see the booklet,

Your Motorcycle Riding Tips,

You and

which came with your new motorcycle (USA only).

Make Yourself Easy to See

Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your horn when it will help others notice you.

Motorcycle Safety

3

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Important Safety Information

Ride within Your Limits

Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to make good judgments and ride safely.

Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition

It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride and perform all recommended maintenance.

Never exceed load limits (page 33 ), and do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 ) or install accessories that would make your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).

Don’t Drink and Ride

Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.

4

Motorcycle Safety

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Modifying your motorcycle or using non-

Honda accessories can make your motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an accessory, be sure to read the following information.

Improper accessories or modifications can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding accessories and modifications.

Accessories & Modifications

Accessories

We strongly recommend that you use only

Honda Genuine Accessories that have been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.

Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these guidelines:

Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding position, or interfere with operating any controls.

(cont’d)

Motorcycle Safety

5

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Accessories & Modifications

Do not install any fairing or windscreen unless it was designed and tested by

Honda for your motorcycle. Some fairings or windscreens, even smaller ones, can cause unstable handling of your motorcycle. This is especially true if the fairing or windscreen is poorly designed or improperly mounted.

Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s electrical system capacity (page 188 ).

A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights or engine power (page 171 ).

Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling.

Modifications

We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking, making it unsafe to ride.

Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.

6

Motorcycle Safety

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Safety Labels

Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and don’t remove them.

If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.

Motorcycle Safety

7

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Safety Labels

〈 For USA 〉

〈 For Canada 〉

8

Motorcycle Safety

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This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.

The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be most useful.

Instruments & Controls

Operation Component Locations ...........

.

10

Indicators ................................................

.

13

Controls & Features ................................

.

17

Fuel Valve ..........................................

.

17

Choke Knob ........................................

.

18

Ignition Switch ...................................

.

19

Start Button .........................................

.

20

Engine Stop Switch ............................

.

20

Headlight Dimmer Switch .................

.

21

Turn Signal Switch .............................

.

21

Horn Button ........................................

.

22

Odometer/Tripmeter Select and Reset Button ................................

.

22

Instruments & Controls

9

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Operation Component Locations

headlight dimmer switch engine stop switch clutch lever turn signal switch horn button

10

Instruments & Controls

front brake lever start button throttle grip

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Operation Component Locations

steering lock rear brake pedal

Instruments & Controls

11

08/08/06 12:26:23 31MFE620 0021 

Operation Component Locations

ignition switch fuel valve choke knob helmet holder shift lever

12

Instruments & Controls

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The indicators on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the indicators frequently. Their functions are described on the following pages.

(1)

(8) (2)

Indicators

(1) speedometer

(2) turn signal indicator

(3) high beam indicator

(4) high coolant temperature indicator

(5) odometer/tripmeter display

(6) low oil pressure indicator

(7) neutral indicator

(8) odometer/tripmeter select and reset button

USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.

Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in kilometers.

(7) (3)

(6) (5) (4)

Instruments & Controls

13

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Indicators

Lamp Check

The low oil pressure indicator comes on when you turn the ignition switch ON so you can check that it is working. The indicator remains on until after the engine is started. The low oil pressure indicator is identified in the table on page 16 with the words:

Lamp Check.

When applicable, the high beam and neutral indicators come on when you turn the ignition switch ON and remain on until you select the low beam or shift out of neutral.

If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda dealer check for problems.

14

Instruments & Controls

08/08/06 12:26:42 31MFE620 0024 

1 speedometer

2

3 turn signal indicator

(amber) high beam indicator

(blue)

4 high coolant temperature indicator (red)

Indicators

Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers

(Canada) per hour.

Flashes when either turn signal operates.

Lights when the headlight is on high beam.

Lights when the coolant is over the specified temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 168 for instructions and cautions.

Instruments & Controls

15

08/08/06 12:26:52 31MFE620 0025 

Indicators

5 odometer/tripmeter display odometer tripmeter 1 & 2

6 low oil pressure indicator (red)

7

8 neutral indicator (green) odometer/tripmeter select and reset button

Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada) ridden (page 22 ).

Shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometers

(Canada) ridden since you last reset the meter. The tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP 1’’ and ‘‘TRIP

2.’’ To zero (0) the tripmeter, push and hold the tripmeter reset button (page 22 ).

Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to cause engine damage. If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 170 for instructions and cautions.

Lamp Check

.

Lights when the transmission is in neutral.

Resets the tripmeter or selects the operation mode: tripmeter or odometer (page 22 ).

16

Instruments & Controls

08/08/06 12:27:00 31MFE620 0026 

Fuel Valve

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) fuel valve the left side under the fuel tank.

The three-way fuel valve is used to control the flow of fuel from the fuel tank to the carburetor.

ON − normal position for riding.

Controls & Features

OFF

− for parking, storing, or transportation.

RES

− for extra fuel to get to a gas station for refueling.

Automatic Fuel ON-OFF

With the fuel valve set to ON (or RES), fuel flows to the carburetor only when the engine is being started or is running. A diaphragm shuts off fuel flow when the engine is turned off.

Reserve Fuel

Remember to check that the fuel valve is in the ON position each time you refuel. If the valve is left in the RES position, you may run out of fuel with no reserve.

For complete information about fueling your motorcycle, see page 76 .

Instruments & Controls

17

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Controls & Features

Choke Knob

LEFT SIDE

( A )

( B )

(1)

(1) choke knob (A) fully ON

(B) fully OFF starting the engine. See page 38 .

18

Instruments & Controls

08/08/06 12:27:14 31MFE620 0028 

Controls & Features

LEFT SIDE

OFF ON

(1)

Ignition Switch

and stopping the engine (page 37 ). The ignition key is also used to lock the steering for theft prevention (page 47 ).

Insert the key and turn it to the right for the ON position.

Key Position

ON

OFF

Function

Electrical circuits on.

No electrical circuits function.

(1) ignition switch

If a key ring is used, we recommend a fabric or leather type with just the key attached. The use of a metal key ring or the attachment of additional keys to any type of key ring may damage the finish of the side cover and engine cover while inserting the key or riding.

Instruments & Controls

19

08/08/06 12:27:22 31MFE620 0029 

Controls & Features

Start Button

engine. Pushing the button in starts the engine. See

Starting Procedure,

page 38 .

When the start button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine; the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.

The starter motor will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF position when the start button is pushed.

Engine Stop Switch

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(2)

(1)

(1) start button

(2) engine stop switch

OFF

RUN the engine in an emergency. To operate, push the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

20

Instruments & Controls

08/08/06 12:27:28 31MFE620 0030 

If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

Headlight Dimmer Switch

to change between the high and low beams of the headlight. To operate, turn the switch to HI for high beam, LO for low beam.

Controls & Features

Turn Signal Switch

a turn or a lane change. To operate, move the switch all the way in the proper direction and release it. The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. To cancel the light, push the switch in.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(2)

(3)

(1) headlight dimmer switch HI

LO

(2) turn signal switch

(3) horn button

Instruments & Controls

21

08/08/06 12:27:37 31MFE620 0031 

Controls & Features

Horn Button

The horn is used to alert other motorists.

Odometer/Tripmeter Select and

Reset Button

two functions, odometer and tripmeter.

The tripmeter will show mileage in two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP 1’’ and ‘‘TRIP 2.’’

Push the odometer/tripmeter select and

‘‘TRIP 1’’ or ‘‘TRIP 2’’ mode.

To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the odometer/tripmeter select and reset button with the display in the ‘‘TRIP 1’’ or

‘‘TRIP 2’’ mode.

FRONT

(1)

(2)

(1) odometer/tripmeter display

(2) odometer/tripmeter select and reset button

22

Instruments & Controls

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Controls & Features

(3)

(2)

(4)

(5)

(2)

(6)

(2) odometer/ tripmeter select and reset button

(3) odometer

(4) tripmeter 1

(5) tripmeter 2

(6) tripmeter reset

Instruments & Controls

23

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24

Instruments & Controls

08/08/06 12:27:54 31MFE620 0034 

Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to ride.

To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to make for your comfort, convenience, or safety.

This section also includes important information about loading.

For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 109 .

Before Riding

Are You Ready to Ride?

........................

.

26

Protective Apparel ..............................

.

26

Rider Training ....................................

.

28

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

......

.

29

Pre-ride Inspection .............................

.

29

Load Limits & Guidelines ......................

.

32

Loading ...............................................

.

32

Load Limits ........................................

.

33

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

33

Before Riding

25

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:

Read this owner’s manual.

Make sure you understand all the safety messages.

Know how to operate all the controls.

Before each ride, be sure:

You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.

You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.

You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.

Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear including a helmet.

26

Before Riding

If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially available elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.

Protective Apparel

For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt or jacket whenever you ride.

Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce the chance of injury when you ride.

Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.

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Are You Ready to Ride?

Helmets and Eye Protection

Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more noticeable in traffic.

An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more. Regardless of the style, look for a

DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker on any helmet you buy (USA only).

Always wear a face shield or goggles to protect your eyes and help your vision.

Not wearing a helmet increases the chance of serious injury or death in a crash.

Be sure you and your passenger always wear a helmet, eye protection, and other protective apparel when you ride.

Additional Riding Gear

In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:

Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.

Leather gloves to help protect your hands.

(cont’d)

Before Riding

27

08/08/06 12:28:17 31MFE620 0037 

Are You Ready to Ride?

A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.

Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your motorcycle.

Rider Training

Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel comfortable with its size and weight.

28

Before Riding

We urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety

Foundation (MSF). New riders should start with the basic course, and even experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number:

(800) 446-9227.

Other riding tips can be found in the

Riding Tips

booklet that came with your motorcycle (USA only).

08/08/06 12:28:23 31MFE620 0038 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.

Pre-ride Inspection

Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before riding can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Tires

&

Wheels

Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge to check its pressure. Also look for signs of excessive wear

(page 122 ) or damage to the tires, rims and spokes.

Always perform a pre-ride inspection before every ride and correct any problems.

Before Riding

29

08/08/06 12:28:32 31MFE620 0039 

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Leaks,

Loose

Parts

Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.

If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:

Load Limits

Make sure you do not exceed the load limits

(page 33 ).

Lights

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Cargo

Check that all cargo is secure.

Adjustments

Adjust the rear suspension

(page 110 your load.

) according to

30

Before Riding

08/08/06 12:28:40 31MFE620 0040 

Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:

Throttle

Brakes

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.

Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that they operate normally.

If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check other items, such as the oil level and other fluids.

See

Periodic Maintenance

(page 58 ).

Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no matter how often you ride.

Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda dealer correct it before you ride.

Indicators

Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the indicators (page 13 ).

Before Riding

31

08/08/06 12:28:46 31MFE620 0041 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and braking.

But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and guidelines.

However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your safety margin.

Loading

How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you should be aware of the following information.

Overloading or improper loading can cause a crash and you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all load limits and other loading guidelines in this manual.

32

Before Riding

08/08/06 12:28:55 31MFE620 0042 

Load Limits

Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:

maximum weight capacity:

397 lbs (180 kg)

406 lbs (184 kg) (Canada only) includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.

maximum cargo weight:

40 lbs (18 kg)

The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can carry.

Load Limits & Guidelines

Loading Guidelines

Your motorcycle is primarily intended for transporting you and a passenger. You may wish to secure a jacket or other small items to the seat when you are not riding with a passenger.

If you wish to carry more cargo, check with your Honda dealer for advice, and be sure to read the information regarding accessories on page 5 .

Before Riding

33

08/08/06 12:29:02 31MFE620 0043 

Load Limits & Guidelines

Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.

Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:

Check that both tires are properly inflated, and that pressure in the rear tire is increased to suit the load

(page 120 ).

If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension

(page 110 ).

To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied down securely before you ride.

34

Before Riding

Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as possible.

Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.

Do not attach large or heavy items (such as a sleeping bag or tent) to the handlebar, forks, or fender.

08/08/06 12:29:14 31MFE620 0044 

This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch, and brakes. It also provides important information on riding with a passenger or cargo.

To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life, refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 191 ).

For information about carburetor adjustment and other parts replacement for riding at high altitude, see page 192 .

Calif ornia only

:

To protect the catalytic converters in your motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid extended idling and the use of leaded gasoline.

Basic Operation & Riding

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

.

36

Starting & Stopping the Engine .............

.

37

Preparation ..........................................

.

37

Starting Procedure ..............................

.

38

Flooded Engine ..................................

.

40

How to Stop the Engine .....................

.

41

Shifting Gears .........................................

.

42

Braking ...................................................

.

44

Parking ....................................................

.

46

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

.

49

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

50

Basic Operation & Riding

35

08/08/06 12:29:18 31MFE620 0045 

Safe Riding Precautions

Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the

Motorcycle Saf ety

section beginning on page 1, and the

Bef ore Riding

section beginning on page 25 .

Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works and handles.

Practice in a safe area until you build your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.

Calif ornia only

:

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your motorcycle.

36

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:29:26 31MFE620 0046 

Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.

For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.

Your motorcycle can be started with the transmission in gear by pulling in the clutch lever before operating the starter.

Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the side stand is down –– the engine cannot be started unless the transmission is in neutral.

If the side stand is up –– the engine can be started in neutral, or in gear with the

Starting & Stopping the Engine

clutch lever pulled in. After starting with the side stand down, the engine will stop if the transmission is put in gear before raising the side stand.

Preparation

Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the following:

The transmission is in neutral (neutral indicator is ON).

The engine stop switch is set to RUN.

The low oil pressure indicator is ON.

The fuel valve is ON.

Basic Operation & Riding

37

08/08/06 12:29:33 31MFE620 0047 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

The low oil pressure indicator should go off a few seconds after the engine starts.

If the low oil pressure indicator lights during operation, stop the engine immediately and check the engine oil level.

Starting Procedure

To restart a warm engine, follow the procedure for

High Air Temperature.

Normal Air Temperature

10°

35°C (50°

95°F)

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) choke knob

( A )

( B )

(A) fully ON

(B) fully OFF

38

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:29:45 31MFE620 0048 

1.

2.

Start the engine, leaving the throttle closed.

Do not open the throttle when starting the engine with the choke on. This will lean the mixture, resulting in hard starting.

3.

Immediately after the engine starts, operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.

4.

About 15 seconds after the engine starts, push the choke knob in all the way to

Starting & Stopping the Engine

High Air Temperature

35°C (95°F) or above

1.

2.

Do not use the choke.

Open the throttle slightly.

3.

Start the engine.

Low Air Temperature

10°C (50°F) or below

1.

Follow steps 1-2 under

Normal Air

2.

Temperature.

When engine rpm begins to pick up, operate the choke knob to keep fast idle.

5.

If idling is unstable, open the throttle slightly.

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

39

08/08/06 12:29:53 31MFE620 0049 

Starting & Stopping the Engine

3.

Continue warming up the engine until it runs smoothly and responds to the throttle when the choke knob is at fully

Flooded Engine

If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess fuel. To clear a flooded engine:

Extended use of the choke may impair piston and cylinder wall lubrication and damage the engine.

1.

Leave the engine stop switch set to

RUN.

2.

Push the choke knob in all the way to fully OFF.

3.

4.

Open the throttle fully.

Press the start button for 5 seconds.

40

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:30:02 31MFE620 0050 

5.

If the engine starts, quickly close the throttle, then open it slightly if idling is unstable.

If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow the

Temperature

High Air

procedure (page 39 ).

Starting & Stopping the Engine

If your motorcycle is stopped with the engine stop switch OFF and the ignition switch ON, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery discharge.

If the engine still won’t start, refer to

Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start,

If

page 151 .

How to Stop the Engine

Emergency Engine Stop

To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate, press the switch to the OFF position.

Normal Engine Stop

To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF.

The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when the engine is OFF.

Basic Operation & Riding

41

08/08/06 12:30:09 31MFE620 0051 

Shifting Gears

shifting pattern

Your motorcycle has five forward gears in a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is coordinated with a cable-operated clutch system.

Learning when to shift gears comes with experience. Keep the following tips in mind:

42

Basic Operation & Riding

As a general rule, shift while moving in a straight line.

Close the throttle and pull the clutch lever in completely before shifting.

Improper shifting may damage the engine, transmission, and drive train.

Learn to recognize the engagement point as you release the clutch lever. It is at this point the transmission of power to the rear wheel resumes.

Upshift to a higher gear or reduce throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too high. Learn the relationship between engine sound and the normal shifting points.

Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the engine laboring (lugging) at low rpm.

08/08/06 12:30:18 31MFE620 0052 

Avoid downshifting to help slow your motorcycle when engine rpm is high.

Downshifting when engine speed is near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible damage.

To prevent transmission damage, do not coast or tow the motorcycle for long distances with the engine off.

Recommended Shift Points

Ride in the highest gear that lets the engine run and accelerate smoothly. This will give you good fuel economy and effective emissions control. When changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:

Shifting Gears

Shif ting Up:

From 1st to 2nd:

From 2nd to 3rd:

From 3rd to 4th:

From 4th to 5th:

12 mph (20 km/h)

19 mph (30 km/h)

25 mph (40 km/h)

31 mph (50 km/h)

Shif ting Down:

From 5th to 4th:

From 4th to 3rd:

From 3rd to 2nd:

28 mph (45 km/h)

22 mph (35 km/h)

16 mph (25 km/h)

Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine roughness is evident, or when engine stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st gear for acceleration.

Basic Operation & Riding

43

08/08/06 12:30:26 31MFE620 0053 

Braking

Your motorcycle is equipped with a hydraulically activated disc brake in front and a mechanically activated drum brake at the rear. Operating the brake lever applies the front disc brake. Depressing the brake pedal applies the rear drum brake.

As a general rule, the front braking system provides about 70 percent of total stopping power.

For full braking effectiveness, use both the pedal and lever simultaneously. Using both braking systems will stop your motorcycle faster with greater stability.

To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting to match your speed.

44

Basic Operation & Riding

Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed. The increase in engine compression from downshifting will help slow your motorcycle.

To prevent stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in before coming to a complete stop. For support, put your left foot down first, then your right foot when you have finished braking.

Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing control of your motorcycle. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.

08/08/06 12:30:31 31MFE620 0054 

When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.

Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.

Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation experienced rider training course

(page 28 ) to retain these skills.

When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of control.

Braking

For your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or turning.

When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by downshifting, with intermittent use of both brakes. Continuous brake application can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.

Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.

Basic Operation & Riding

45

08/08/06 12:30:38 31MFE620 0055 

Parking

1.

Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure the ground surface is firm, especially under the side stand.

If you must park on a hill, leave the transmission in gear and position the rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree angle.

Calif ornia only

:

Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in contact with the exhaust system when parking your motorcycle. Refer to

Catalytic

Converters (Calif ornia Only)

, page 199 .

2.

Use the side stand to support the motorcycle while parked.

To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that lowering the side stand with the transmission in gear will stop the engine, even if the clutch lever is pulled in. That is a function of the side stand ignition cut-off system.

Check that the side stand is down all the way so that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 37 ) is activated.

If you have to park on a soft surface, insert something solid under the side stand for support.

46

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:30:43 31MFE620 0056 

3.

the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar all the way to the left. Insert it 180 degrees clockwise. Remove the key.

RIGHT FRONT

Parking

(1) (2)

(1) steering lock (2) ignition key

Basic Operation & Riding

(cont’d)

47

08/08/06 12:30:51 31MFE620 0057 

Parking

4.

your helmet with your motorcycle: counterclockwise to unlock the holder.

Hang your helmet on the holder

Push in on the holder pin. Remove the key.

LEFT REAR

(3)

(4)

Riding with a helmet attached to the holder can interfere with the rear wheel or suspension and could cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Use the helmet holder only while parked. Do not ride with a helmet secured by the holder.

5.

Turn the fuel valve OFF.

(2)

(2) ignition key

(3) helmet holder

48

(4) holder pin

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:30:58 31MFE620 0058 

Theft-prevention Tips

Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.

Always take the ignition key with you.

Always use the steering lock (page 47 ), even if you’re parking for just a minute or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.

In addition to the steering lock, use a good quality anti-theft device made specifically to lock a motorcycle to a secure object.

Parking

If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.

Basic Operation & Riding

49

08/08/06 12:31:05 31MFE620 0059 

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo

Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for this vehicle (

Load Limits,

page 33 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured

(

Loading Guidelines,

page 33 ).

Also consider adjusting the suspension

(page 109 ) for the extra load.

Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper protective apparel (page 26 ).

Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap or your waist, lean with you in the turns, and keep their feet on the passenger footpegs at all times, even when the motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.

Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration, braking, and handling.

50

Basic Operation & Riding

08/08/06 12:31:14 31MFE620 0060 

To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a Maintenance

Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific maintenance tasks.

You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.

For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC), see page 193 .

For information about replacing fuses, see page 171 .

Servicing Your Honda

USA only

Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or individual using parts that are

‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ............

.

54

Maintenance Safety ................................

.

55

Important Safety Precautions .............

.

56

Periodic Maintenance .............................

.

58

Maintenance Schedule ...........................

.

60

Maintenance Record ...............................

.

65

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

51

08/08/06 12:31:33 31MFE620 0061 

Servicing Your Honda

Service Preparations

Maintenance Component Locations ......

.

67

Tool Kit ...................................................

.

70

Owner’s Manual Storage ........................

.

71

Storage Compartment .............................

.

72

Side Cover Removal ...............................

.

73

Seat Removal ..........................................

.

74

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .........................................................

.

75

Engine Oil & Filter .................................

.

78

Coolant ....................................................

.

88

Air Cleaner .............................................

Crankcase Breather ................................

.

.

92

94

Final Drive Oil ........................................

.

95

Engine

Throttle ...................................................

.

98

Clutch System

Spark Plugs

.....................................

Engine Idle Speed ...............................

.........................................

.

.

.

100

104

106

Chassis

Suspension ..........................................

.

Brakes .................................................

.

Tires ....................................................

.

Side Stand ...........................................

.

109

112

120

128

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

129

Appearance Care ................................

.

134

52

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:31:45 31MFE620 0062 

Servicing Your Honda

The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.

Type of Inspection/Service

Pre-ride Inspection

Periodic Maintenance

Maintenance Schedule

Refer to page:

29

58

60

When Performed before every ride monthly

* interval on schedule you

Who Performs you your Honda dealer

**

* more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle

** unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified

Servicing Your Honda

53

08/08/06 12:31:50 31MFE620 0063 

The Importance of Maintenance

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance, avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will also help to reduce air pollution.

Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the

Maintenance Schedule in this section.

Improperly maintaining this motorcycle or failing to correct a problem before you ride can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the inspection and maintenance recommendations and schedules in this owner’s manual.

If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some of the repairs yourself.

54

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:31:55 31MFE620 0064 

This section includes instructions on how to perform some important maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.

Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda technician or other qualified mechanic.

Instructions are included in this manual only to assist in emergency service.

Maintenance Safety

Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance. Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.

Failure to properly follow maintenance instructions and precautions can cause you to be seriously hurt or killed.

Always follow the procedures and precautions in this owner’s manual.

Servicing Your Honda

55

08/08/06 12:32:00 31MFE620 0065 

Maintenance Safety

Important Safety Precautions

Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs. This will help eliminate several potential hazards:

Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust.

Be sure there is adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.

Burns from hot motorcycle parts.

the engine and exhaust system cool

Let before touching.

Injury from moving parts.

Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.

Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and skills required.

To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level surface, using the side stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.

To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.

56

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:32:04 31MFE620 0066 

Maintenance Safety

Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use only new

Honda Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can purchase an official Honda Service Manual

(page 204 ).

Servicing Your Honda

57

08/08/06 12:32:08 31MFE620 0067 

Periodic Maintenance

In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page 60 ) and daily pre-ride inspection (page 29 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.

Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks that are needed (page 60 ). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for riding in severe conditions.

58

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:32:18 31MFE620 0068 

Tires

&

Wheels

Fluids

Lights

Freeplay

Fuses

Nuts & Bolts

Periodic Maintenance

Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page

Examine the tread for wear (page 122 ).

120 ).

Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of damage (page 122 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the entire surface.

Check the condition of the rims and spokes.

Check the levels of the engine oil (page 82 ), coolant (page 89 ), brake fluid (page 113 ), and final drive oil (page 95 ). Add the correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid level.

Make sure the headlight, brakelight, taillight, and turn signals are working properly.

Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 100

(page 116 ), and throttle grip (page 98 ).

Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.

Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.

), rear brake pedal

Servicing Your Honda

59

08/08/06 12:32:23 31MFE620 0069 

Maintenance Schedule

The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable performance and proper emission control.

The service intervals in this Maintenance

Schedule are based on average riding conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.

Consult your Honda dealer for recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.

Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in an official

Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 204 ).

60

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:32:29 31MFE620 0070 

If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance, remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance, use only Honda

Genuine Parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to ensure the best quality and reliability.

Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 29 ) and owner maintenance (page 60 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.

Maintenance Schedule

Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.

Certain items (particularly those marked

* and

**

) may require more technical information and tools. Consult your

Honda dealer.

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 204 ).

**

In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your

Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

61

08/08/06 12:32:37 31MFE620 0071 

Maintenance Schedule

Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes

& Procedures:

NOTES:

1.

At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.

2.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or dusty areas.

3.

Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden often at full

4.

throttle or in the rain.

Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes first. Replacement requires mechanical

5.

skill.

California type only.

Maintenance Procedures:

I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate, or replace, if necessary

C: clean

A: adjust

L: lubricate

R: replace

62

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:32:47 31MFE620 0072 

Maintenance Schedule

FREQUENCY ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

ITEM

FUEL LINE

THROTTLE OPERATION

CHOKE OPERATION

AIR CLEANER

SUB AIR CLEANER

CRANKCASE BREATHER

SPARK PLUGS

VALVE CLEARANCE

ENGINE OIL

ENGINE OIL FILTER

ENGINE IDLE SPEED

RADIATOR COOLANT

COOLING SYSTEM

SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY

SYSTEM

EVAPORATIVE EMISSION

NOTE

2

3

4

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

0.6

1.0

4

6.4

8

12.8

I

I

12

19.2

16

25.6

I

I

20

32.0

I I

C

I

C

R

R

R

C

I

C

R

C

I

I I

I

INITIAL = 600 mi (1,000 km) or 1 month: R

I

I

R

R

C

R

REGULAR = EVERY 8,000 mi (12,800 km)

R or 12 months: R

R R R

I I I

I I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

R

24

38.4

I

I

5

I

I

CONTROL SYSTEM

Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 204 ).

Refer to page

98

92

94

106

78

83

104

88

Servicing Your Honda

63

08/08/06 12:32:58 31MFE620 0073 

Maintenance Schedule

ITEM

**

**

FREQUENCY

NOTE

× 1,000 mi

× 1,000 km

FINAL DRIVE OIL

BRAKE FLUID

BRAKE SHOE/PAD WEAR

BRAKE SYSTEM

BRAKELIGHT SWITCH

HEADLIGHT AIM

CLUTCH SYSTEM

SIDE STAND

SUSPENSION

NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS

WHEELS/TIRES

STEERING HEAD BEARINGS

4

0.6

1.0

I

I

I

I

I

ODOMETER READING (Note 1)

4

6.4

I

I

I

8

12.8

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

12

19.2

R

I

I

16

25.6

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

20

32.0

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

I

24

38.4

R

R

I

I

I

I

I

Refer to page

95

113

115, 119

112

100

128

* Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 204 ).

** In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.

64

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:33:05 31MFE620 0074 

Maintenance Record

Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.

Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled maintenance, including the 600 mile (1,000 km) initial maintenance, is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.

Odometer Date Performed By: Notes Miles (km)

600 (1,000)

4,000 (6,400)

8,000 (12,800)

12,000 (19,200)

16,000 (25,600)

20,000 (32,000)

Servicing Your Honda

65

08/08/06 12:33:11 31MFE620 0075 

Maintenance Record

Odometer Miles (km)

24,000 (38,400)

28,000 (44,800)

32,000 (51,200)

36,000 (57,600)

40,000 (64,000)

44,000 (70,400)

48,000 (76,800)

52,000 (83,200)

56,000 (89,600)

60,000 (96,000)

64,000 (102,400)

68,000 (108,800)

Date Performed By: Notes

66

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:33:15 31MFE620 0076 

Maintenance Component Locations

front brake fluid reservoir clutch lever fuel fill cap front brake lever throttle grip

Servicing Your Honda

67

08/08/06 12:33:20 31MFE620 0077 

Maintenance Component Locations

rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster battery main fuse fuse box spark plugs air cleaner crankcase breather tube throttle stop screw

(engine idle speed) engine oil filler cap/ dipstick

68

Servicing Your Honda

rear brake pedal front brake caliper

08/08/06 12:33:25 31MFE620 0078  spark plugs

Maintenance Component Locations

storage compartment tool kit owner’s manual rear suspension spring pre-load adjuster final drive gear oil filler cap choke knob engine oil filter engine oil drain bolt final drive gear oil drain bolt coolant reserve tank

Servicing Your Honda

69

08/08/06 12:33:30 31MFE620 0079 

Tool Kit

compartment ( ) (page 72 ) behind the left side cover (page 73 ).

An optional, larger tool kit may be available. Check with your Honda dealer’s parts department.

LEFT SIDE

(1) tool kit

(2) (1)

(2) storage compartment

70

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:33:36 31MFE620 0080 

Owner’s Manual Storage

LEFT SIDE

Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the compartment ( ) (page 72 ) behind the left side cover (page 73 ).

Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.

(2) (1)

(1) plastic storage bag

(2) storage compartment

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:33:42 31MFE620 0081 

Storage Compartment

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(1) (2)

(1) storage compartment

(2) ignition key

(3) storage compartment lid

72

Servicing Your Honda

behind the left side cover (page 73 ).

The tool kit and owner’s manual (and other documents) should be stored in the storage compartment.

To open the storage compartment, remove the left side cover (page 73 ). Insert the counterclockwise. Open the storage

To close the storage compartment, close the storage compartment lid. Turn the ignition key 90 degrees clockwise and remove it. Install the left side cover (page

73 ).

08/08/06 12:33:53 31MFE620 0082 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

The right side cover must be removed to service the fuses.

The left side cover must be removed to access the storage compartment and check the color label or to service the battery.

The right and left side covers can be removed in the same manner.

LEFT SIDE

Removal

1.

2.

Pull out.

Side Cover Removal

Installation

1.

Position the cover so the prongs on the

2.

inside of the cover are line up above their securing slots.

Push the cover in place.

RIGHT SIDE

(1) side cover

(1) (1)

(1) side cover

Servicing Your Honda

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Seat Removal

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

The seat must be removed for battery maintenance.

Removal

1.

2.

Installation

1.

2.

Tighten the seat mounting bolts securely.

(4)

(3)

(5)

(2)

(1) seat mounting bolt A

(2) seat mounting bolts B

(3) seat

(4) tab

(5) frame cross member

74

Servicing Your Honda

(1)

08/08/06 12:34:11 31MFE620 0084 

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Fuel Recommendation

type pump octane number unleaded

86 (or higher)

We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components.

Calif ornia only

:

The use of leaded gas will damage the catalytic converters.

Fuel

Your engine is designed to use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of

86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 200 .

Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause for concern.

If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load, change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

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Fuel

Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.

Fuel Capacity

Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:

3.70 US gal (14.0 )

Reserve capacity:

0.87 US gal (3.3 )

The tank should be refilled as soon as possible after switching to reserve, and the fuel valve should be returned to the ON position after refueling to avoid running out of fuel with no reserve.

Refueling Procedure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

(3)

(1) ignition key

(2) fuel fill cap

(1) (2)

(3) filler neck

1.

76

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:34:28 31MFE620 0086 

2.

3.

Open the cap.

Add fuel until the level reaches the overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.

Fuel

4.

After refueling, align the latch in the cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push the cap into the filler neck until it snaps and locks.

5.

6.

Remove the ignition key from the cap.

Turn the fuel valve ON (if it was set on

RES).

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil & Filter

Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the service life of the engine.

Using the proper oil (page 79 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.

Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.

Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page 63 .

When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:34:40 31MFE620 0088 

Oil Recommendation

API classification

SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label

SAE 10W-30 viscosity

(weight)

JASO T 903 standard

MA

Engine Oil & Filter

suggested oil

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA

& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil

(Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil.

Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label.

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil & Filter

Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.

Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may adversely affect clutch operation.

Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication and clutch performance.

Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.

NOT RECOMMENDED OK

Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.

80

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil & Filter

JASO T 903 standard

The JASO T 903 standard is an index for engine oils for 4-stroke motorcycle engines.

There are two classes: MA and MB.

Oil conforming to the standard is labeled on the oil container. For example, the following label shows the MA classification.

(1)

(2)

(1) code number of the sales company of the oil

(2) oil classification

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:35:04 31MFE620 0091 

Engine Oil & Filter

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

1.

Park your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5 minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure indicator goes off. If the indicator remains on, stop the engine

3.

4.

immediately.

Stop the engine and wait 2

3 minutes.

5.

and wipe it clean.

Hold the motorcycle in an upright

6.

position.

Insert the oil filler cap/dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.

(2)

(3)

(1) oil filler cap/dipstick

(2) upper level mark

(3) lower level mark

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Servicing Your Honda

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7.

Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and check the oil level.

If the oil is at or near the upper level oil.

If the oil is below or near the lower recommended oil until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)

8.

9.

Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.

Check for oil leaks.

Engine Oil & Filter

Changing Engine Oil & Filter

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.

Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in leaks or engine damage.

Servicing Your Honda

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Engine Oil & Filter

This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained fluid

(page 147 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your Honda dealer.

Drain the Engine Oil:

1.

Park the motorcycle on its side stand on

2.

a firm, level surface.

If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for 3

5 minutes. Turn the engine off. Wait 2 − 3 minutes for the oil to

3.

settle.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase.

4.

To drain the oil, remove the oil filler

LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE

(1)

(2)

(1) engine oil drain bolt

(2) sealing washer

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Engine Oil & Filter

LEFT REAR, UNDER ENGINE

Install a New Oil Filter:

5.

wrench and let the remaining oil drain out. Discard the oil filter in an approved

6.

manner (page 147 ).

Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 147 ).

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

(3)

(3) oil filter

Servicing Your Honda

(cont’d)

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Engine Oil & Filter

7.

Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the

(4)

(4) rubber seal

8.

Install the new oil filter and tighten it by hand.

9.

Using an oil filter wrench attachment and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil filter to the specified torque:

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

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Servicing Your Honda

10.

Check the condition of the sealing washer on the engine oil drain bolt.

Replace the washer every other time the oil is changed.

Install the engine oil drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:

21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)

Add Engine Oil:

11.

Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 79 ), approximately:

2.7 US qt (2.6 )

12.

Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.

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Engine Oil & Filter

13.

Start the engine and let it idle for 3

5 minutes.

14.

15.

Stop the engine and wait 2

3 minutes.

Hold the motorcycle upright and check that the oil level is at the upper level mark on the oil filler cap/dipstick

(page 82 ).

16.

Check that there are no oil leaks.

If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:35:48 31MFE620 0097 

Coolant

Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.

Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.

Coolant Recommendation

Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.

Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.

Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump seals or blockage of radiator passages.

Using tap water may cause engine damage.

The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.

This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and provides good corrosion protection.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide proper corrosion protection.

Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing. Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.

Coolant

Checking & Adding Coolant

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT SIDE

(3)

(1)

(2)

(1) UPPER level mark

(2) LOWER level mark

(3) reserve tank cap

Servicing Your Honda

89

08/08/06 12:36:02 31MFE620 0099 

Coolant

1.

With the engine at normal operating temperature, check the coolant level in the reserve tank. It should be between marks.

If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks and see your Honda dealer for repair.

2.

Always add coolant to the reserve tank.

Do not attempt to add coolant by removing the radiator cap.

3.

Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the

4.

UPPER level mark.

Install the reserve tank cap.

Coolant Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Coolant should be replaced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda

Service Manual (page 204 ).

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Servicing Your Honda

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Coolant

Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.

Removing the radiator cap while the engine is hot can cause the coolant to spray out, seriously scalding you.

Always let the engine and radiator cool down before removing the radiator cap.

To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to

You & the Environment,

page 147 .

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:36:13 31MFE620 0101 

Air Cleaner

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Service the air cleaner more frequently if you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.

Your Honda dealer can help you determine the correct service interval for your riding conditions.

Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very specific performance requirements. Use a new Honda Genuine air cleaner specified for your model or an air cleaner of equivalent quality.

Using the wrong air cleaner may result in premature engine wear.

Proper air cleaner maintenance can prevent premature engine wear or damage, expensive repairs, low engine power, poor gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.

Improper or lack of proper air cleaner maintenance can cause poor perf ormance and premature engine wear.

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Servicing Your Honda

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Replacement

1.

2.

3.

Discard the air cleaner.

Thoroughly clean the inside of the air

4.

5.

Install a new air cleaner.

Install the removed parts in reverse order of removal.

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

(3)

Air Cleaner

(1)

(4)

(1) bolts

(2) air cleaner housing cover

(3) air cleaner

(4) air cleaner case

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:36:28 31MFE620 0103 

Crankcase Breather

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in the transparent section of the drain tube.

Draining

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) crankcase breather tube

1.

Place a drain pan under the crankcase

2.

Remove the tube to drain the deposits in it.

3.

Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:36:38 31MFE620 0104 

Oil Recommendation

type viscosity

(weight) hypoid gear oil

SAE 80

Checking & Adding Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT REAR

(2)

Final Drive Oil

1.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

3.

Check the oil level. It should be flush with the lower edge of the oil filler hole

4.

If the level is low, check for leaks. Add the recommended oil through the oil filler hole until it reaches the lower

5.

edge of the opening.

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

(1)

(1) oil filler cap

(2) oil filler hole

Servicing Your Honda

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Final Drive Oil

Changing Oil

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT REAR

(2) (4)

(1)

(1) oil drain bolt

(2) oil filler cap

(3) sealing washer

(4) oil filler hole

(3)

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Servicing Your Honda

Change the oil with the final drive at normal operating temperature to assure complete and rapid draining.

1.

Place the motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

2.

Place a drain pan under the oil drain

3.

4.

After the oil has completely drained, check that the sealing washer is in good condition. Reinstall the oil drain bolt with its sealing washer (or a new washer, if necessary) and tighten it to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

08/08/06 12:36:53 31MFE620 0106 

5.

Fill the final drive with the recommended oil:

5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Make sure the final drive oil level is at

6.

Install the oil filler cap and tighten to the specified torque:

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

Final Drive Oil

Servicing Your Honda

97

08/08/06 12:37:04 31MFE620 0107 

Throttle

Throttle Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

(3) (1)

Inspection

Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.

Freeplay:

1/16 − 1/4 in (2 − 6 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Adjustment

1.

2.

3.

4.

Tighten the lock nut and return the throttle cable boot securely over the adjuster.

5.

After adjustment, check for smooth rotation of the throttle grip from fully closed to fully open in all steering positions.

(2)

(1) throttle cable boot

(2) lock nut

(3) adjuster

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08/08/06 12:37:09 31MFE620 0108 

Throttle Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

1.

Check that the throttle assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

2.

Check for smooth rotation of the throttle from fully open to fully closed in all steering positions. If there is a problem, see your Honda dealer.

Throttle

Servicing Your Honda

99

08/08/06 12:37:15 31MFE620 0109 

Clutch System

Your motorcycle’s manually activated, wet, multiplate clutch is part of the primary drive system. Proper freeplay adjustment allows a smooth, gradual engagement when shifting gears.

Improper freeplay adjustment can cause premature clutch wear.

Clutch Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(1)

(1) clutch lever

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:37:24 31MFE620 0110 

Inspection

1.

Check freeplay:

3/8 − 13/16 in (10 − 20 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

Upper Adjustment

Attempt adjustment with the upper clutch cable adjuster first.

LEFT HANDLEBAR

(2)

Clutch System

(3)

( − )

( ( ) )

(2) upper lock nut

(3) upper clutch cable adjuster

(

) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

1.

2.

to obtain the specified freeplay.

3.

Tighten the upper lock nut and check the freeplay again.

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:37:32 31MFE620 0111 

Clutch System

Lower Adjustment

If the upper clutch cable adjuster is threaded out near its limit, or the correct freeplay cannot be obtained, attempt adjustment with the lower clutch cable adjuster.

RIGHT SIDE

(5)

( ( ) )

( − )

(4)

(4) lower lock nut

(5) lower adjusting nut

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

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Servicing Your Honda

1.

the way in (to provide maximum freeplay). Tighten the upper lock nut.

2.

3.

4.

obtain the specified freeplay.

Tighten the lower lock nut and check the adjustment.

08/08/06 12:37:39 31MFE620 0112 

5.

Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make sure the engine does not stall and the motorcycle does not creep. Gradually release the clutch lever and open the throttle. Your motorcycle should move smoothly and accelerate gradually.

If you cannot get proper adjustment, or the clutch does not work properly, the cable or clutch friction discs may be worn. See your Honda dealer or refer to the official

Honda Service Manual (page 204 ).

Clutch System

Other Inspections & Lubrication

Check that the clutch lever assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Check the clutch cable for kinks or signs of wear. If necessary, have it replaced.

Lubricate the clutch cable with a commercially available cable lubricant to prevent premature wear and corrosion.

Servicing Your Honda

103

08/08/06 12:37:47 31MFE620 0113 

Engine Idle Speed

The best way to assure proper carburetion is to see your Honda dealer for regularly scheduled servicing, including carburetor adjustment.

Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a

‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting the idle will not compensate for a fault elsewhere.

The engine must be at normal operating temperature for accurate idle speed adjustment.

For information about carburetor adjustment and other parts replacement for riding at high altitude, see page 192 .

Idle Speed Adjustment

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

RIGHT SIDE

( − )

( ( ) )

(1)

(1) throttle stop screw

( + ) increase

( − ) decrease

1.

If the engine is cold, start it and warm it up with 10 minutes of stop-and-go riding. Stop the engine.

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Engine Idle Speed

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand on a firm, level surface.

3.

4.

Connect a tachometer to the engine.

Shift into neutral. Start the engine.

5.

Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop

Idle speed (in neutral):

1,200 ± 100 rpm

Servicing Your Honda

105

08/08/06 12:38:02 31MFE620 0115 

Spark Plugs

Spark Plug Recommendation

standard spark plug for extended high speed riding

DPR6EA − 9 (NGK) or

X20EPR − U9 (DENSO)

DPR7EA − 9 (NGK) or

X22EPR − U9 (DENSO)

Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.

Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.

Spark Plug Inspection &

Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

1.

Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.

2.

Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug wire when disconnecting the caps.

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3.

Using a spark plug wrench, remove the spark plugs.

LEFT SIDE

Spark Plugs

4.

Inspect the electrodes and center porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or carbon fouling. If the corrosion or deposits are heavy, replace the plug.

Clean a carbon or wet-fouled plug with a plug cleaner, if available, or a wire brush.

5.

new plug, using a wire-type feeler gauge. If adjustment is necessary, bend

The gap should be:

0.031

− 0.035 in (0.80

− 0.90 mm)

(1) spark plug cap

(1)

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

107

08/08/06 12:38:18 31MFE620 0117 

Spark Plugs

(2)

(3)

(2) spark plug gap (3) side electrode

6.

With the plug washers attached, thread the spark plugs in by hand to prevent cross-threading.

7.

Tighten each spark plug:

If the old plug is good:

1/8 turn after it seats.

If installing a new plug, tighten it twice to prevent loosening: a) First, tighten the plug:

NGK:

DENSO:

3/4

1/2 turn after it seats.

turn after it seats.

b) Then loosen the plug.

c) Next, tighten the plug again:

1/8 turn after it seats.

Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose, a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.

8.

Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:38:24 31MFE620 0118 

Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.

The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force required to begin compression of the spring.

The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as the wheels ride over road surfaces.

Suspension

Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your normal load, when adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when the road or riding conditions change.

The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience can also influence your suspension needs.

Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more challenging riding.

Servicing Your Honda

109

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Suspension

Rear Suspension Adjustment

The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding conditions by changing the spring pre-load.

To adjust, use an appropriable pin spanner or see your Honda dealer.

Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your Honda dealer. The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to adjustments of the shock assembly only.

Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT REAR (right side similar)

1 2 3 4 5

(1)

(1) pin spanner

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:38:39 31MFE620 0120 

The spring pre-load adjuster has

5 positions for different load or riding conditions.

shock spring pre-load.

Position 1: for a light load and smooth road conditions.

Position 2: standard position.

Positions 3 to 5: for when the motorcycle is more heavily loaded. (Also increase spring pre-load for stiffer rear suspension.)

Suspension

Make sure that both shock absorbers are adjusted to the same position.

Always adjust the shock absorber position in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).

Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5 or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.

Servicing Your Honda

111

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Brakes

The hydraulic (front) and mechanically activated drum (rear) braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by the friction of the brake pads on the disc (front) and the brake shoes on the drum (rear) as the wheels are slowed.

Hydraulic Front Brake

As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will also cause the level to drop.

Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks. Periodically inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads for wear.

If the brake lever freeplay does not feel within the normal range while riding, check the brake pads for wear (page 115 ).

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Servicing Your Honda

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is probably air in the brake system. See your Honda dealer to have the air bled from the system.

Drum Rear Brake

For more information, see page 116 .

08/08/06 12:38:54 31MFE620 0122 

Brake Fluid Recommendation

brake fluid

Honda DOT 4 Brake

Fluid

The recommended brake fluid is Honda

DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container. Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.

Brakes

Fluid Level Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the recommended brake fluid.

Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have your Honda dealer check the system as soon as possible.

Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.

Servicing Your Honda

113

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Brakes

Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid brake fluid contact with skin or eyes. If it comes in contact with your eyes, wash them out with clean water and immediately call a doctor. If it comes in contact with your skin, wash with clean water and, if necessary, call a doctor.

RIGHT HANDLEBAR

1.

Place your motorcycle in an upright position on a firm, level surface.

2.

Check the fluid level.

It should be above the LOWER level

If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for wear (page 115 ).

Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.

Other Inspections

Make sure there are no fluid leaks.

Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.

(1)

(1) LOWER level mark

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:39:09 31MFE620 0124 

Brakes

Brake Pad Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the pads at each regular maintenance interval

(page 64 ).

either pad is worn to the cutout, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.

RIGHT FRONT

(1)

(1) cutouts

Servicing Your Honda

115

08/08/06 12:39:19 31MFE620 0125 

Brakes

Rear Brake Pedal Freeplay

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Pedal Height Adjustment

The stopper bolt is provided to allow adjustment of the pedal height.

1.

2.

Tighten the lock nut.

RIGHT FRONT (2)

(1)

(1) lock nut

(2) stopper bolt

(3)

(3) rear brake pedal

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Servicing Your Honda

Inspection

1.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

2.

Check freeplay by slowly depressing starts to engage.

Freeplay:

13/16 − 1 3/16 in (20 − 30 mm)

If necessary, adjust to the specified range.

08/08/06 12:39:25 31MFE620 0126 

Brakes

Adjustment

1.

Adjust by turning the rear brake

Make sure the cut-out on the adjusting

2.

Apply the brake, release it, and then spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely. Repeat this procedure several times.

3.

Check the freeplay. If you can’t adjust the freeplay properly, see your Honda dealer.

RIGHT REAR

(4)

(5)

( − )

( ( ) )

(4) rear brake adjusting nut

(5) brake arm pin

( + ) increase freeplay

( − ) decrease freeplay

Servicing Your Honda

117

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Brakes

to confirm that there is a gap between the

(6)

Other Inspections

Check that the brake pedal assembly is positioned properly and the securing bolts are tight.

Make sure the brake rod, brake arm, spring, and fasteners are in good condition.

(4)

(5)

(4) rear brake adjusting nut

(5) brake arm pin

(6) brake arm

After adjustment, confirm the freeplay of the brake pedal.

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Brake Shoe Wear

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

The rear brake is equipped with an external brake wear indicator that lets you check brake wear without disassembly.

Application of the brake pedal causes the arrow on the brake arm to move toward a reference mark on the brake panel.

Brakes

1.

2.

Place your motorcycle on its side stand.

Apply the brake pedal and check the if the arrow aligns with the reference full application of the brake. If replacement is necessary, see your

Honda dealer.

RIGHT REAR

(3) (1)

(2)

(4)

(1) arrow

(2) brake arm

(3) reference mark

(4) brake panel

Servicing Your Honda

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Tires

To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size, in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are carrying.

Using tires that are excessively worn or improperly inflated can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Follow all instructions in this owner’s manual regarding tire inflation and maintenance.

The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check

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Servicing Your Honda

your air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our recommendations for tire repair and replacement.

Air Pressure

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires make your motorcycle ride harshly, are more prone to damage from road hazards, and wear unevenly.

Make sure the valve stem caps are secure.

If necessary, install new caps.

08/08/06 12:39:55 31MFE620 0130 

We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.

Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’, after the motorcycle has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your tires are

‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.

Tires

The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are: front

29 psi (200 kPa , rear

2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa ,

2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than

200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

36 psi (250 kPa ,

2.50 kgf/cm ) with more than

200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

* includes the weight of the rider, passenger, all cargo & all accessories

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Tires

Inspection

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:

Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a bump or bulge.

Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.

Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.

Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.

Excessive tread wear.

Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.

Tread Wear

(1)

(2)

(1) wear indicator

(2) wear indicator location mark

122

Servicing Your Honda

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For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the center reaches the following limits: front 0.06 in (1.5 mm) rear

0.08 in (2.0 mm)

If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.

Tire Service Life

The service life of your tires is dependent on many factors, including, but not limited to, riding habits, road conditions, vehicle loading, tire pressure, maintenance history, speed, and environmental conditions (even when the tires are not in use).

In addition to your regular inspections and tire pressure maintenance, it is recommended that you have annual

Tires

inspections performed once the tires reach

5 years old. It is also recommended that all tires be removed from service after 10 years from the date of manufacture, regardless of their condition or state of wear.

The last four digits of the TIN (tire the sidewall of the tire, and indicate the date of manufacture.

Tire Identification Number (TIN)

The tire identification number (TIN) is a group of numbers and letters that look like the following example. TIN is located on the sidewall of the tire.

DOT ×××× ××××

(2) (3)

22 07

(4)

(cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

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Tires

DOT

This indicates that the tire meets all requirements of the U.S. Department of

Transportation.

(2)

(3)

(4)

×××× −

×××× −

Factory code

Tire type code

22 07 − Date of manufacture

Year

Week

TIRE LABELING EXAMPLE

(1)

Tire & Tube Repair

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or damaged. A repaired tube will not have the same reliability as a new one, and it may fail while you are riding. And the tire will have lower speed and performance limits than a new one.

(1) tire identification number (TIN)

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Servicing Your Honda

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A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.

However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly, preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire and tube replaced as soon as possible.

(For more information on temporary repairs, see

If You Have a Flat Tire,

page 156 .)

Tires

If you decide to only replace the tube but not the tire, you should not exceed 50 mph

(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph

(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. Repair work should be done by a professional and the wheel should be balanced before you ride.

If you have a tire and tube professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your Honda dealer.

Servicing Your Honda

125

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Tires

Tire Replacement

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page

56

.

The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling, braking, durability, and comfort.

When replacing, use the original equipment tires or equivalent tires of the same size, construction, speed rating, and load range as the originals.

Installing improper tires on your motorcycle can affect handling and stability. This can cause a crash in which you can be seriously hurt or killed.

Always use the size and type of tires recommended in this owner’s manual.

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Servicing Your Honda

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The recommended tires for your motorcycle are: front

90/90 − 21M/C 54S

DUNLOP D404F

BRIDGESTONE

EXEDRA G701 rear type or

160/80 − 15M/C 74S

DUNLOP D404 or

BRIDGESTONE

EXEDRA G702 bias-ply, tube

Whenever you replace a tire, remember:

Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.

Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.

Tires

Have a new tube installed whenever a tire is replaced. The old tube will probably be stretched. If installed in a new tire, it could fail.

If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we recommend that you have the work checked by your

Honda dealer.

Important Safety Reminders

Do not install car tires on this motorcycle. During installation the tire may separate from the rim with enough force to cause serious injury or death.

Servicing Your Honda

127

08/08/06 12:40:52 31MFE620 0137 

Side Stand

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

LEFT SIDE

(1)

(1) side stand spring

Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean grease.

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Servicing Your Honda

Check the spring for damage or loss of tension.

Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:

1.

Sit on the motorcycle and put the transmission in neutral.

2.

3.

Raise the side stand.

Start the engine.

4.

Pull the clutch lever in.

5.

6.

Shift the transmission into gear.

Lower the side stand all the way.

The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop, see your Honda dealer for service.

08/08/06 12:40:59 31MFE620 0138 

Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.

Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if the cap strip is removed.

Electrical accessories use current from the battery, even when the ignition is OFF.

Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have electrical accessories on your motorcycle or do not ride frequently, we recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see

Battery

Charging,

page 133 ).

Battery

If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we recommend you remove the battery, or at least disconnect the battery cables

(negative cable first).

If you plan to store your motorcycle, see

Battery Storage,

page 130 .

If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or other electrical problems), see your

Honda dealer.

WARNING:

Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and lead compounds.

Wash your hands after handling.

Servicing Your Honda

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08/08/06 12:41:06 31MFE620 0139 

Battery

Battery Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.

If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery cables (negative cable first).

You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow (trickle) charging it every 30 days (see

Battery

Charging,

page 133 ).

Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows, as well as the information on the battery label.

The battery gives off explosive hydrogen gas during normal operation.

A spark or flame can cause the battery to explode with enough force to kill or seriously hurt you.

Wear protective clothing and a face shield, or have a skilled mechanic do the battery maintenance.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:41:18 31MFE620 0140 

The battery is located in the battery box below the seat.

Removal

1.

Make sure the ignition switch is OFF.

2.

3.

Remove the seat (page 74 ).

Remove the ignition control module (1).

4.

UNDER SEAT

(3)

(1)

(2)

Battery

5.

Disconnect the negative (

) terminal

6.

Disconnect the positive (

) terminal

7.

box.

UNDER SEAT

(5) (6)

(1) ignition control module

(2) battery cover

(3) screw

(4)

(4) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(5) positive ( + ) terminal lead

(6) battery (cont’d)

Servicing Your Honda

131

08/08/06 12:41:29 31MFE620 0141 

Battery

8.

Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding

9.

regularly.

Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area protected from freezing temperatures

10.

and direct sunlight.

Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.

11.

Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.

Installation

1.

2.

Remove the left side cover (page 73 ).

Check the negative (

) terminal lead

LEFT SIDE

(4)

(7) (8)

(4) negative ( − ) terminal lead

(7) tool box

(8) guide tab

3.

Reinstall in the reverse order of removal.

Be sure to connect the positive (

) terminal first, then the negative (

)

4.

terminal.

Check all bolts and other fasteners are secure.

5.

Install the remaining parts in the reverse order of removal.

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Battery Charging

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

(1)

Battery

We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery. However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time period recommended in the charger’s instructions.

Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.

(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger

Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.

Servicing Your Honda

133

08/08/06 12:41:43 31MFE620 0143 

Appearance Care

Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.

Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle. A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.

General Recommendations

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

To clean your motorcycle, you may use:

− water

− a mild, neutral detergent and water

− a mild spray and wipe cleaner/ polisher

− a mild spray and rinse cleaner/ degreaser and water

Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.

If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and exhaust system time to cool off.

Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have time to wipe it off.

Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:41:48 31MFE620 0144 

We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.

Appearance Care

After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, and brake fluid).

Servicing Your Honda

135

08/08/06 12:41:56 31MFE620 0145 

Appearance Care

Washing Your Motorcycle with a

Mild Detergent

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

1.

Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool water to remove loose dirt.

2.

Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or automobiles.

3.

Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.

4.

After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.

5.

Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for chips and scratches.

6.

Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help dry moist areas.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:42:01 31MFE620 0146 

7.

As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking performance.

Appearance Care

Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.

Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:

Servicing Your Honda

137

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Appearance Care

Motorcycle Condition

Dust and fingerprint smudges.

Light road grime.

Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake dust.

Dull, corroded chrome or aluminum.

Recommended Cleaning

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.

Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.

Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.

If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and dry.

Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.

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Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:42:15 31MFE620 0148 

Finishing Touches

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially available spray cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.

If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.

Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color code (page paint.

182 ) when you buy touch-up

Appearance Care

If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint are better than one thick coat.

Servicing Your Honda

139

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140

Servicing Your Honda

08/08/06 12:42:22 31MFE620 0150 

Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Tips

Storing Your Honda ...........................

.

Transporting Your Motorcycle ..........

.

You & the Environment .....................

.

142

146

147

Tips

141

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Storing Your Honda

If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter, thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it. That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your motorcycle running again.

For more information about storage, refer to the

Guide,

Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage

available from your Honda dealer

(USA only).

We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can occur during storage.

Preparation for Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

This procedure requires a means for draining and disposing of drained fuel

(page

1.

147 ).

Change the engine oil and filter

2.

(page 83 ).

Make sure the cooling system is filled with a 50/50% antifreeze solution

(page 88 ).

3.

Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.

4.

Check that the fuel valve is OFF.

142

Tips

08/08/06 12:42:38 31MFE620 0152 

5.

Drain the carburetor into an approved gasoline container and dispose of it in an approved manner (page 147 ).

If storage will last longer than one month, carburetor draining is important, to assure proper performance after storage.

Gasoline is highly flammable and explosive. You can be burned or seriously injured when handling fuel.

Stop the engine and keep heat, sparks and flame away.

Handle fuel only outdoors.

Wipe up spills immediately.

Storing Your Honda

6.

To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:

Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string, secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are positioned away from the spark plugs.

Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place.

Do not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.

Pour a tablespoon (15

20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.

(cont’d)

Tips

143

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Storing Your Honda

With the engine stop switch in the

RUN position, press the start button several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.

Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.

7.

Remove the battery and charge it fully.

Store it in an area protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery

(page 133 ) once a month.

8.

Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces. Apply rust-

9.

inhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.

Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 120 ).

10.

Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.

11.

Place your motorcycle on blocks to lift both tires off the floor.

12.

Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and moisture to accumulate.

144

Tips

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Storing Your Honda

Removal from Storage

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

1.

Uncover and clean your motorcycle.

2.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the engine oil (page 83 ).

3.

If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your

Honda dealer to drain and replace the fuel.

4.

Charge the battery (page 133 required. Install the battery.

) as

5.

Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 29 ), then test-ride your motorcycle at low speeds.

Tips

145

08/08/06 12:42:58 31MFE620 0155 

Transporting Your Motorcycle

If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. Do not tow your motorcycle, as towing can seriously damage the transmission.

When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and motorcycle tie-down straps.

146

Tips

08/08/06 12:43:02 31MFE620 0156 

Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to protect nature.

Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.

Choose Sensible Cleaners.

Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for proper disposal.

You & the Environment

Recycle Wastes.

It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash, down a drain, or on the ground.

Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.

Tips

147

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148

Tips

08/08/06 12:43:13 31MFE620 0158 

This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your motorcycle transported.

For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 146 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines .............................

.

If Your Engine Quits or

Won’t Start .........................................

.

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

.

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

.

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator

Lights ..................................................

.

If a Fuse Blows ...................................

.

If You Crash .......................................

.

If You Lose Your Key .......................

.

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

150

151

156

168

170

171

175

176

177

Taking Care of the Unexpected

149

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Taking Care of the Unexpected

General Guidelines

Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the possibility of having a problem on the road.

Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your motorcycle, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.

Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:

Always put personal safety first.

Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.

If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon as possible.

Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding condition.

Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.

150

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:43:25 31MFE620 0160 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational oversight.

If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t hear the starter motor turning, refer to the

Starter motor doesn’t operate

symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start

symptom.

If you have a problem starting the engine

− or experience poor engine performance − the following information may help you. If you can’t correct the problem, see your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

151

08/08/06 12:43:39 31MFE620 0161 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor doesn’t operate.

POSSIBLE CAUSE ignition switch OFF engine stop switch OFF

WHAT TO DO

Turn the ignition switch ON.

Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.

transmission not in neutral side stand down (when transmission not in neutral) blown fuse

Shift into neutral.

Put the transmission in neutral or raise the side battery lead loose low (or dead) battery faulty starter motor stand and pull the clutch lever in.

Replace with a new fuse of the same rating

(page 171 ).

Tighten the battery lead.

Charge the battery (page 133 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your Honda dealer.

If all possible causes are negative, the starter motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.

152

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:43:49 31MFE620 0162 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO out of fuel flooded engine loose or unconnected spark plug caps

Fill the fuel tank.

See F looded Engine (page 40 ).

Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.

loose battery cables weak battery

Tighten the battery terminal bolts.

Charge the battery (page 133 ). If charging doesn’t help, see your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

153

08/08/06 12:44:03 31MFE620 0163 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO side stand down Raise the side stand. Start again.

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly.

POSSIBLE CAUSE idles roughly, too fast, stalls

WHAT TO DO

Check engine idle adjustment (page

104

). If the overheating low oil pressure runs erratically, misfires runs erratically, misfires

(California only) problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

Check the high coolant temperature indicator.

Refer to If Y our Engine Over heats, page

168

Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If

.

the Low Oil Pr essur e Indicator Lights, page 170 .

See your Honda dealer.

May damage catalytic converters.

See your Honda dealer.

blubbers (rich fuel mixture) See your Honda dealer.

154

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:44:15 31MFE620 0164 

If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start

SYMPTOM:

Engine starts, but runs poorly (cont’d).

POSSIBLE CAUSE WHAT TO DO sooty exhaust (rich fuel mixture)

See your Honda dealer.

detonates or pings under load

If applicable, switch to the recommended octane gasoline (page 75 ) or change your brand of gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

afterfires (backfires) afterfires (backfires)

(California only) pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

May damage catalytic converters.

See your Honda dealer.

See your Honda dealer.

pre-ignition (runs on after ignition switched OFF)

(California only)

May damage catalytic converters.

See your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

155

08/08/06 12:44:20 31MFE620 0165 

If You Have a Flat Tire

A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on a firm, level surface and use the side stand for support.) You should examine the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage.

If a tire has major damage or the bead has come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have your motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer or other qualified service facility. Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 146 .

156

Taking Care of the Unexpected

Honda does not recommend that you make a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.

However, if you decide to make a temporary repair so you can get to a service facility, ride cautiously at reduced speed and have the tube and tire replaced before you ride again.

08/08/06 12:44:25 31MFE620 0166 

Riding your motorcycle with a temporary tire or tube repair can be risky. If the temporary repair fails, you can crash and be seriously injured or killed.

If you must ride with a temporary tire repair, ride slowly and carefully and do not exceed 30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire and tube are replaced.

Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably without a passenger or cargo) until the tire and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and

If You Have a Flat Tire

check the air pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle

(especially with a passenger and cargo) and it may overheat and blow out.

Should You Repair or Replace a

Tire or Tube?

We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire or tube that is punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full discussion of repairs and replacement, see the text beginning on page 126 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

157

08/08/06 12:44:33 31MFE620 0167 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Front Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

158

Taking Care of the Unexpected

3.

Loosen the right and left axle pinch

RIGHT FRONT

(2)

(1)

(1) axle pinch bolts

(2) front axle bolt

08/08/06 12:44:40 31MFE620 0168 

4.

and side collar.

LEFT FRONT

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

1.

Install the side collar and position the wheel between the fork legs. Insert the front axle shaft from the left side, through the left fork leg and wheel hub.

To avoid damaging the brake pads, between the pads.

(3)

(1)

(1) axle pinch bolts

(3) front axle shaft

Avoid pressing the brake lever when the wheel is off the motorcycle. This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service. See your Honda dealer for this service.

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

159

08/08/06 12:44:48 31MFE620 0169 

If You Have a Flat Tire

2.

of the fork leg.

LEFT FRONT

(5)

(6)

(6) recessed surface (5) index line

3.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left fork leg to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

4.

Tighten the front axle bolt to the specified torque:

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)

160

Taking Care of the Unexpected

5.

Operate the front brake and pump the fork several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake

6.

drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

If the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake bracket symmetrical, follow next step.

If the clearances are not symmetrical, loosen the left axle pinch bolts and pull the left fork outward or push inward to adjust the clearance. Then follow the next step.

08/08/06 12:44:55 31MFE620 0170 

7.

Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right fork leg to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

Visually check that the clearances between each surface of the brake disc and the brake bracket (not the brake pads) are symmetrical.

(7) (7)

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

(4)

(4) brake disc

(7) brake bracket

Taking Care of the Unexpected

161

08/08/06 12:45:03 31MFE620 0171 

If You Have a Flat Tire

Emergency Rear Wheel

Removal/Installation

Refer to

Saf ety Precautions

on page 56 .

We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.

Removal

1.

Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.

2.

Raise the rear wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the engine.

162

Taking Care of the Unexpected

3.

RIGHT SIDE

(3)

(1)

(4)

(1) right footpeg

(2) footpeg bolt A

(2)

(3) footpeg bolt B

(4) footpeg nut

08/08/06 12:45:11 31MFE620 0172 

4.

RIGHT SIDE

If You Have a Flat Tire

5.

6.

Remove the mufflers.

RIGHT SIDE

(6)

(5)

(5) exhaust pipe joint nuts

(7)

(6) muffler bracket bolts

(7) muffler bracket nuts

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

163

08/08/06 12:45:18 31MFE620 0173 

If You Have a Flat Tire

7.

rear brake pedal.

8.

Disconnect the brake stopper arm ( 11 ) from the brake panel by removing the cotter pin ( 12 ), stopper arm nut ( 13 ),

9.

washer and rubber grommet.

Remove the axle holding bolt ( 14 ).

RIGHT REAR

(10)

(9)

(14)

(8)

(15)

(11) (13) (12)

(8) rear brake adjusting nut

(9) brake rod

(10) brake arm

(11) brake stopper arm

(12) cotter pin

(13) stopper arm nut

(14) axle holding bolt

(15) rear axle shaft

164

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:45:27 31MFE620 0174 

10.

While holding the other end of the rear

11.

Pull the rear axle shaft out and remove

12.

the side collar.

Move the wheel to the right to separate

13.

it from the final drive gear case.

Remove the wheel.

LEFT REAR

(16)

If You Have a Flat Tire

Installation

Before installing the wheel, check that the wheel hub and final drive gear splines are coated with molybdenum disulfide paste

(USA only: Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or equivalent).

1.

Position the wheel between the swingarm and the final drive gear case.

Be sure the splines on the wheel hub fit

2.

into the final drive gear case.

Install the side collar into the brake

3.

panel.

Insert the rear axle shaft from the right side, through the right swingarm, brake panel, wheel hub and final drive gear case.

(16) rear axle nut (cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

165

08/08/06 12:45:35 31MFE620 0175 

If You Have a Flat Tire

4.

Reassemble the brake stopper arm.

Tighten the stopper arm nut to the specified torque:

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

5.

6.

Connect the brake rod to the brake arm.

Adjust the rear brake pedal freeplay

7.

(page 117 ).

Tighten the rear axle nut to the specified torque:

65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)

8.

Tighten the axle holding bolt to the specified torque:

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

9.

After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times. Check for free wheel rotation after the brake is released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.

Used cotter pins may not effectively secure fasteners. Always replace used cotter pins with new ones.

166

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:45:44 31MFE620 0176 

10.

Reinstall the mufflers.

Before installing the muffler, replace the muffler gasket with a new gasket.

Tighten the nuts and bolts to the specified torques: exhaust pipe joint nut:

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m) muffler bracket bolt:

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m) muffler bracket nut:

32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)

11.

Reinstall the right footpeg.

Tighten the nut and bolts to the specified torque: footpeg bolt A, B and nut:

29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)

If You Have a Flat Tire

If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as possible to verify proper assembly.

Improper assembly may lead to loss of braking capability.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

167

08/08/06 12:45:50 31MFE620 0177 

If Your Engine Overheats

Normally, the temperature of the coolant in the cooling system will rise to a level about midway between cold and boiling.

Hot weather may cause the temperature to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the temperature may climb some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these variations.

If the high coolant temperature indicator

(page 13 ) comes on for no apparent reason, pull safely to the side of the road.

If possible, park in a shady area.

Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.

A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator system. Let everything cool off first.

If there’s no obvious problem, leave the engine on so the fan and coolant circulating system can continue working. Monitor the high coolant temperature indicator. The indicator may turn off after a brief stop with no load on the engine.

168

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:45:56 31MFE620 0178 

Check the radiator fan.

If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box

(page 172 ) and check the radiator fan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper (same rating) spare fuse.

Start the engine. If the high coolant temperature indicator comes on and stays on, turn the engine off.

If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve tank, located just behind the crankcase.

It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator system.

If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page 89 ).

After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the high coolant temperature indicator.

If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not

If Your Engine Overheats

ride. The engine needs repair. Transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer

(page 146 ).

If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone down, add more coolant.

If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the high coolant temperature indicator frequently.

If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the high coolant temperature indicator. Be prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 146 ).

Taking Care of the Unexpected

169

08/08/06 12:46:03 31MFE620 0179 

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights

If you check your engine oil level regularly, you should never see the low oil pressure indicator while riding. Normally, it will only light momentarily when you turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally, it may flicker at or near idling speed.

Continuing to ride with low oil pressure can cause serious engine damage.

Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil leak, a low oil level, or some problem in the engine’s lubrication system.

If the indicator comes on while you’re riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.

Check for an oil leak.

Then check the oil level. If necessary, add the recommended oil (page 79 ) to the upper level mark. If you must leave your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as much as possible.

After adding oil, start the engine, and check that the low oil pressure indicator goes off. Check for a possible leak.

If the indicator goes off and there is no leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak –– do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is repaired by a Honda dealer.

170

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:46:12 31MFE620 0180 

All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).

If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you should check for is a blown fuse.

Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown fuses and check component operation.

If a Fuse Blows

The main fuse and spare are located on the starter magnetic switch behind the right side cover.

The circuit fuse box (including spare fuses) is located behind the right side cover.

Recommended Fuses main fuse other fuses

30A

20A, 10A

1.

To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before checking or replacing the fuses.

(cont’d)

Taking Care of the Unexpected

171

08/08/06 12:46:21 31MFE620 0181 

If a Fuse Blows

Main Fuse Access:

2.

the right side cover (page 73 ).

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(2)

3.

4.

5.

Reconnect the wire connector.

Circuit Fuse Access:

6.

Open the fuse box cover ( 5 ).

7.

To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips.

Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.

If the fuse is blown ( 6 ), replace it with a spare fuse ( 7 ) of the same rating.

(4)

(1) main fuse

(2) wire connector

(3) starter magnetic switch

(4) spare main fuse

(3)

172

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:46:29 31MFE620 0182 

If a Fuse Blows

If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit, install one with a lower rating.

Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance of damage to the electrical system.

RIGHT SIDE

(5)

(6)

MAIN FUSE

(6) blown fuse

CIRCUIT FUSE

8.

Close the fuse box cover and install the right side cover.

(7)

(5) fuse box cover (7) spare fuses

Taking Care of the Unexpected

173

08/08/06 12:46:33 31MFE620 0183 

If a Fuse Blows

If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.

If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any spare fuses that were installed.

If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your Honda dealer.

174

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:46:38 31MFE620 0184 

Personal safety is your first priority after a crash. If you or anyone else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or vehicle is involved in the crash.

If you decide that you are capable of riding safely, first evaluate the condition of your motorcycle. If the engine is still running, turn it off and look it over carefully; inspect it for fluid leaks, check the tightness of critical nuts and bolts, and secure such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.

If You Crash

If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent, so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the frame and suspension after any serious crash.

If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see

Transporting Your Motorcycle,

page 146 .

Taking Care of the Unexpected

175

08/08/06 12:46:43 31MFE620 0185 

If You Lose Your Key

Be sure to record your key number in the

Quick Reference section at the rear of the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.

A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.

If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer where you purchased your Honda. They may have it listed in their records. If they don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest Honda dealer. The dealer will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key number so they can make a key for you.

176

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:46:47 31MFE620 0186 

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)

Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile battery.

The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.

Bump starting is also not recommended.

If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your Honda dealer.

Taking Care of the Unexpected

177

08/08/06 12:46:49 31MFE620 0187 

178

Taking Care of the Unexpected

08/08/06 12:46:56 31MFE620 0188 

This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus information on government requirements and how to break-in your motorcycle.

Technical Information

Vehicle Identification .........................

.

Specifications .....................................

.

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

.

High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment and Other Parts Replacement .............

.

Emission Control Systems .................

.

Catalytic Converters

(California Only) ................................

.

Oxygenated Fuels ...............................

.

180

183

191

192

193

199

200

Technical Information

179

08/08/06 12:47:02 31MFE620 0189 

Vehicle Identification

Serial Numbers

The VIN and engine serial number are required when you register your motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You may record these numbers in the Quick

Reference section at the rear of this manual.

The VIN (vehicle identification number) is stamped on the right side of the steering head and also appears on the Safety

Certification Label attached to the right side of the frame.

RIGHT SIDE

(1)

(1) VIN

180

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:47:07 31MFE620 0190 

RIGHT SIDE

(2)

Vehicle Identification

right side of the rear cylinder.

RIGHT SIDE

(3)

(2) VIN

(3) engine number

Technical Information

181

08/08/06 12:47:13 31MFE620 0191 

Vehicle Identification

Color Label & Code

frame behind the left side cover. Remove the left side cover (page 73 ) to check the label.

The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.

LEFT SIDE

(1) color label

(1)

182

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:47:21 31MFE620 0192 

Dimensions

overall length overall width overall height wheelbase ground clearance

95.7 in (2,430 mm)

32.9 in (835 mm)

44.5 in (1,130 mm)

65.2 in (1,655 mm)

5.1 in (130 mm)

Specifications

Technical Information

183

08/08/06 12:47:32 31MFE620 0193 

Specifications

Fuel & Lubricants

fuel recommendation fuel tank capacity fuel tank reserve engine oil capacity engine oil recommendation final drive oil capacity cooling system, recommendation cooling system, capacity unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher

3.70 US gal (14.0 ) including reserve

0.87 US gal (3.3 ) after disassembly: after draining:

3.4 US qt (3.2 )

2.6 US qt (2.5 ) after draining & oil filter change: 2.7 US qt (2.6 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label, SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4stroke oil (Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil after draining: 5.4 US oz (160 cm )

Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum engines

2.3 US qt (2.2 )

184

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:47:47 31MFE620 0194 

Specifications

Capacities

passenger capacity maximum weight capacity

Operator and one passenger

USA: 397 lbs (180 kg)

Canada: 406 lbs (184 kg) rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Engine Specifications

displacement 45.4 cu-in (745 cm ) bore & stroke compression ratio spark plug (standard) spark plug (high

3.11

× 2.99 in (79.0

× 76.0 mm)

9.6 : 1

DPR6EA − 9 (NGK)

DPR7EA − 9 (NGK) or or

X20EPR − U9 (DENSO)

X22EPR − U9 (DENSO) speed riding) valve clearance

(cold) spark plug gap idle speed intake: exhaust:

0.031

1,200

±

0.006 in (0.15 mm)

0.008 in (0.20 mm)

0.035 in (0.80

100 rpm

− 0.90 mm)

Technical Information

185

08/08/06 12:47:58 31MFE620 0195 

Specifications

Power Transmission

primary reduction secondary reduction final reduction gear ratio, 1st

2nd

3rd

4th

5th final drive

1.763

0.944

3.091

2.400

1.550

1.174

0.960

0.852

shaft

186

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:48:09 31MFE620 0196 

Specifications

Chassis & Suspension

caster trail

34°30’

6.2 in (158 mm) tire size, front 90/90 − 21M/C 54S

DUNLOP D404F or

BRIDGESTONE EXEDRA G701 tire size, rear tire type tire pressure, front

(cold) tire pressure, rear

(cold)

160/80 − 15M/C 74S

DUNLOP D404 or

BRIDGESTONE EXEDRA G702 bias-ply, tube

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) − with less than 200 lbs

(90 kg) of added weight

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) − with more than 200 lbs

(90 kg) of added weight

Technical Information

187

08/08/06 12:48:22 31MFE620 0197 

Specifications

Electrical

battery generator

Lights

headlight brake/tail light turn signal lights license light

Fuses

main other fuses

12V − 10Ah

12V − 11Ah or

0.35 kW/5,000 rpm

12V − 60/55W

12V − 21/5W

12V − 21/5W

12V − 21W

(front)

(rear)

12V − 5W

30A

20A, 10A

188

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:48:33 31MFE620 0198 

Torque Specifications

engine oil drain bolt engine oil filter final drive oil drain

21 lbf·ft (29 N·m , 3.0 kgf·m)

19 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m) bolt final drive filler cap

9 lbf·ft (12 N·m , 1.2 kgf·m)

44 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m) front wheel axle bolt front wheel axle pinch bolts rear brake stopper

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)

16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m) arm nut rear wheel axle nut rear wheel axle holding bolt

65 lbf·ft (88 N·m , 9.0 kgf·m)

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

Specifications

Technical Information

189

08/08/06 12:48:39 31MFE620 0199 

Specifications

exhaust pipe joint nut muffler bracket bolt muffler bracket nut footpeg bolt A, B and nut

18 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.5 kgf·m)

20 lbf·ft (27 N·m , 2.8 kgf·m)

32 lbf·ft (44 N·m , 4.5 kgf·m)

29 lbf·ft (39 N·m , 4.0 kgf·m)

190

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:48:43 31MFE620 0200 

Break-in Guidelines

Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).

During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.

Technical Information

191

08/08/06 12:48:47 31MFE620 0201 

High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment and Other Parts Replacement

Your engine’s air-fuel mixture becomes overly rich when operated at high altitudes.

Above 6,500 feet (2,000 m), a rich mixture can cause driveability problems, reduce engine performance, and increase fuel consumption. To compensate, you can have the carburetor adjusted and other parts replaced for high altitude riding. See your Honda dealer.

However, the carburetor and other parts must be returned to standard factory specifications before riding again at lower altitudes (below 5,000 feet, 1,500 m). See your Honda dealer.

Sustained riding at lower altitudes with the lean high-altitude setting may cause rough idling, stalling, or engine damage from overheating.

192

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:48:52 31MFE620 0202 

Exhaust Emission Requirements

The U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC) require that your motorcycle comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Noise Emission Requirements

The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.

Emission Control Systems

Warranty Compliance

Compliance with the terms of the

Distributor’s Warranties for Honda

Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the emissions system warranty in effect. (USA only)

Technical Information

193

08/08/06 12:48:57 31MFE620 0203 

Emission Control Systems

The Vehicle Emission Control the left side of the frame.

LEFT SIDE

(1)

Source of Exhaust Emissions

The combustion process produces carbon monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is toxic.

Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and hydrocarbons.

(2)

(1) vehicle emission control information label

(2) vehicle emission control information label (Canada only)

194

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:49:02 31MFE620 0204 

Exhaust Emission Control System

49-state & Canada:

The exhaust emission control system consists of a secondary air injection system.

California only:

The exhaust emission control system includes a secondary air supply system, and two oxidation catalytic converters.

Both system:

No adjustments to this system should be made although periodic inspection of the components is recommended.

Emission Control Systems

Secondary Air Injection System

The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission control performance.

Oxidation Catalytic Converters

(California only)

The oxidation catalytic converters are in the exhaust system. Through chemical reactions, they convert HC and CO in the and water vapor.

Technical Information

195

08/08/06 12:49:06 31MFE620 0205 

Emission Control Systems

Evaporative Emission Control System

(California only)

This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air

Resources Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank and carburetor is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is absorbed and stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge control diaphragm valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner is drawn into the engine through the carburetor.

Crankcase Emission Control System

The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.

Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the carburetor.

196

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:49:11 31MFE620 0206 

Problems That May Affect Motorcycle

Exhaust Emissions

If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.

Symptoms:

1.

Hard starting or stalling after starting

2.

3.

Rough idle

Misfiring or backfiring during

4.

acceleration

After-burning (backfiring)

5.

Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy

Emission Control Systems

Noise Emission Control System

TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE

CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:

U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the following removal or rendering inoperative by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use; device or element of design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.

Technical Information

197

08/08/06 12:49:16 31MFE620 0207 

Emission Control Systems

AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED

TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE

THE FOLLOWING ACTS:

1.

Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other component which conducts exhaust

2.

gases.

Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.

3.

4.

Lack of proper maintenance.

Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.

Fuel Permeation Emission Control

System

This vehicle complies with the Fuel

Permeation Emission Control regulations of the U.S. Environmental Protection

Agency (EPA), the California Air

Resources Board (CARB), and

Environment Canada (EC). The fuel tank, fuel hoses, and fuel vapor charge hoses used on this vehicle incorporate fuel permeation control technologies.

Tampering with the fuel tank, fuel hoses, or fuel vapor charge hoses to reduce or defeat the effectiveness of the fuel permeation technologies is prohibited by federal regulations.

198

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:49:20 31MFE620 0208 

Catalytic Converters (California Only)

This motorcycle is equipped with oxidation catalytic converters. Each catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts, promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting the metals.

Defective catalytic converters contribute to air pollution, and can impair your engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s catalytic converters.

Catalytic converters act on HC and CO.

Replacement parts must be original Honda parts or equivalents.

Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converters ineffective.

The catalytic converters must operate at high temperature for the chemical reactions to take place. They can set fire to any combustible materials that come near them. Park your motorcycle away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.

Keep the engine tuned-up.

An engine that is misfiring may overheat the catalytic converters, causing damage to the converters or motorcycle. Have your motorcycle diagnosed and repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring, stalling or otherwise not running properly.

Technical Information

199

08/08/06 12:49:26 31MFE620 0209 

Oxygenated Fuels

Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.

If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum octane rating requirement.

Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/ provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.

The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:

ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.

MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing up to

15% MTBE by volume.

200

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:49:31 31MFE620 0210 

METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)

5% by Volume

You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.

If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or switch to another brand of gasoline.

Oxygenated Fuels

Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned above are not covered under warranty.

Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.

Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is not covered by warranty.

Technical Information

201

08/08/06 12:49:33 31MFE620 0211 

202

Technical Information

08/08/06 12:49:41 31MFE620 0212 

This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official Honda

Service Manual.

Consumer Information

Authorized Manuals ...........................

.

Warranty Coverage ............................

.

Warranty Service ................................

.

Contacting Honda ...............................

.

Your Honda Dealer ............................

.

The Honda Rider’s Club

(USA only) .........................................

.

Reporting Safety Defects

(USA only) .........................................

.

204

207

208

209

210

211

212

Consumer Information

203

08/08/06 12:49:48 31MFE620 0213 

Authorized Manuals

The Service Manual used by your authorized Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc.

(USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.)

Also available but not necessary to service your model is the Honda Common Service

Manual which explains theory of operation and basic service information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.

These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanically capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.

Publication Item No.

61MFE02

61CM002

2009 VT750C2/C2F Service Manual

Common Service Manual

Description

31MFE620 2009 VT750C2/C2F Owner’s Manual

Pr ices ar e subject to change without notice and without incur r ing obligation.

Price Each

$60.00

$48.00

$16.00

204

Consumer Information

08/08/06 12:49:57 31MFE620 0214 

Order On-Line: www.helminc.com

Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93

(1-888-292-5393)

(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)

Monday

Friday 8:00 AM

6:00 PM EST

OR

By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).

Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.

Publication

Item No.

Item Description Qty.

Price

Each

Total

Price

Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.

Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for delivery.

Sub Total

Purchaser’s Sales Tax

Mich. add 6 %

Calif. add 7.25 %

Handling Charge

Grand Total

$3.75

Consumer Information

205

08/08/06 12:50:10 31MFE620 0215 

M

E

N

T

P

A

Y

S

H

I

P

T

O

NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the shipment should be sent.

Attention Customer Name

Street address/P. O. BOX

State

Apartment Number

Zip Code City

Daytime Telephone Number

( )

Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.

U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.

Account Number MasterCard

VISA

Security Code

Discover

Customer Signature

Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.

Expiration: Mo. Yr.

Date

These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. For returns, a restocking fee may be applied against the original order.

HELM

P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207

206

Consumer Information

08/08/06 12:50:17 31MFE620 0216 

Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:

Motorcycle Limited Warranty

Emission Control System Warranty

Noise Control Warranty

There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these warranties.

Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with your Warranties

Booklet (USA only).

It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.

Warranty Coverage

Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to improper maintenance are not covered.

Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda Protection

Plan (USA only). For more information, see your Honda dealer.

Consumer Information

207

08/08/06 12:50:22 31MFE620 0217 

Warranty Service

Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not included in your warranty coverage.

Additionally, your warranty does not apply to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).

If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection. If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty repairs for you.

If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is best to talk to the Service Manager of your

Honda dealer.

Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation, we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with the Service

Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of the dealership or their designated representative.

208

Consumer Information

08/08/06 12:50:29 31MFE620 0218 

Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right away, they will get it for you.

If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.

If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your dealer, please send your comments to the following address (USA only):

Contacting Honda

Motorcycle Division, American Honda

Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2200, Torrance,

CA 90509-2200, mailstop: 100-4C-7B, telephone: (866) 784-1870.

Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.

Please include the following information in your letter: name, address, and telephone number product model, year, and VIN date of purchase dealer name and address

We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your comments directly.

Consumer Information

209

08/08/06 12:50:34 31MFE620 0219 

Your Honda Dealer

Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your

Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.

The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.

The parts department offers Honda

Genuine Parts, Pro Honda products,

Honda Genuine Accessories (USA only), and Honda accessories and products

(Canada only). The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in Honda

Genuine replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the accessories

210

Consumer Information

and products available from the parts department.

The sales department offers the Honda

Protection Plan to extend almost all of your warranty coverage (USA only).

Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about safety training available in your local area and the Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA only).

We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your Honda.

08/08/06 12:50:38 31MFE620 0220 

The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)

You may be eligible for a Honda Rider’s

Club of America (HRCA) membership with the purchase of your new Honda.

You can log on to the HRCA Clubhouse website for details at

www.hrca.honda.

com.

Consumer Information

211

08/08/06 12:50:42 31MFE620 0221 

Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)

If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National

Highway Traffic Safety Administration

(NHTSA) in addition to notifying

American Honda Motor Co., Inc.

If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy campaign. However,

NHTSA cannot become involved in individual problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co.,

Inc.

To contact NHTSA, you may call the

Vehicle Safety Hotline toll-free at

1-888-327-4236

(TTY: 1-800-424-9153); go to

http://www.saf ercar.gov

; or write to:

Administrator, NHTSA, 1200 New

Jersey Avenue, SE., Washington, DC

20590.

You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from

http://www.saf ercar.gov.

212

Consumer Information

08/08/06 12:50:59 31MFE620 0222 

The following presents the contents of each section of your owner’s manual.

MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ..................

. 1

Important Safety Information

Accessories & Modifications

Safety Labels

................

.................

..........................................

.

.

.

2

5

7

INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS .......

. 9

Operation Component Locations ...........

.

10

Indicators ................................................

.

13

Controls & Features ................................

.

17

Fuel Valve ..........................................

.

17

Choke Knob ........................................

.

18

Ignition Switch ...................................

.

19

Start Button .........................................

.

20

Engine Stop Switch ............................

.

20

Headlight Dimmer Switch .................

.

21

Turn Signal Switch .............................

.

21

Horn Button ........................................

.

22

Table of Contents

Odometer/Tripmeter Select and Reset Button ................................

.

22

BEFORE RIDING ...............................

. 25

Are You Ready to Ride?

........................

.

26

Protective Apparel ..............................

.

26

Rider Training ....................................

.

28

Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?

......

.

29

Pre-ride Inspection .............................

.

29

Load Limits & Guidelines ......................

.

32

Loading ...............................................

.

32

Load Limits ........................................

.

33

Loading Guidelines ............................

.

33

Table of Contents

213

08/08/06 12:51:17 31MFE620 0223 

Table of Contents

BASIC OPERATION & RIDING .....

. 35

Safe Riding Precautions .........................

.

36

Starting & Stopping the Engine .............

.

37

Preparation ..........................................

.

37

Starting Procedure ..............................

.

38

Flooded Engine ..................................

.

40

How to Stop the Engine .....................

.

41

Shifting Gears .........................................

.

42

Braking ...................................................

.

44

Parking ....................................................

.

46

Theft-prevention Tips ........................

.

49

Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ..........

.

50

SERVICING YOUR HONDA ...........

. 51

Bef ore You Service Your Honda

The Importance of Maintenance ............

.

54

Maintenance Safety ................................

.

55

Important Safety Precautions .............

.

56

Periodic Maintenance .............................

.

58

Maintenance Schedule ...........................

.

60

Maintenance Record ...............................

.

65

Service Preparations

Maintenance Component Locations ......

.

67

Tool Kit ...................................................

.

70

Owner’s Manual Storage ........................

.

71

Storage Compartment .............................

.

72

Side Cover Removal ...............................

.

73

Seat Removal ..........................................

.

74

214

Table of Contents

08/08/06 12:51:34 31MFE620 0224 

SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)

Service Procedures

Fluids & Filters

Fuel .........................................................

.

75

Engine Oil & Filter .................................

.

78

Coolant ....................................................

.

88

Air Cleaner .............................................

Crankcase Breather ................................

.

.

92

94

Final Drive Oil ........................................

.

95

Engine

Throttle ...................................................

.

98

Clutch System .....................................

.

Engine Idle Speed ...............................

.

Spark Plugs .........................................

.

100

104

106

Table of Contents

Chassis

Suspension ..........................................

.

Brakes .................................................

.

Tires ....................................................

.

Side Stand ...........................................

.

109

112

120

128

Electrical

Battery ................................................

.

129

Appearance Care ................................

.

134

TIPS .....................................................

. 141

Storing Your Honda ...........................

.

142

Transporting Your Motorcycle

You & the Environment

..........

.....................

.

.

146

147

Table of Contents

215

08/08/06 12:51:50 31MFE620 0225 

Table of Contents

TAKING CARE OF THE

UNEXPECTED .................................

. 149

General Guidelines .............................

.

150

151

If You Have a Flat Tire ......................

If Your Engine Overheats ..................

If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator

Lights ..................................................

.

If a Fuse Blows ...................................

.

.

.

156

168

If You Crash .......................................

.

If You Lose Your Key .......................

.

If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead) ......

.

170

171

175

176

177

TECHNICAL INFORMATION .....

. 179

Vehicle Identification .........................

.

180

Specifications .....................................

Break-in Guidelines ...........................

High Altitude Carburetor Adjustment

.

.

183

191 and Other Parts Replacement .............

.

Emission Control Systems .................

.

192

193

216

Table of Contents

Catalytic Converters

(California Only) ................................

.

Oxygenated Fuels ...............................

.

199

200

CONSUMER INFORMATION ......

. 203

Authorized Manuals ...........................

.

204

Warranty Coverage ............................

.

Warranty Service ................................

.

Contacting Honda ...............................

.

Your Honda Dealer ............................

.

The Honda Rider’s Club

207

208

209

210

(USA only) .........................................

.

Reporting Safety Defects

(USA only) .........................................

.

211

212

TABLE OF CONTENTS .................

. 213

INDEX ................................................

. 217

QUICK REFERENCE

08/08/06 12:51:55 31MFE620 0226 

A

accessories ...............................................

. 5 air cleaner ...............................................

. 92 air pressure, tires ..................................

. 120 altitude, high ........................................

. 192

American Honda, contacting ...............

. 209 apparel, protective .................................

. 26 appearance care ...................................

. 134 authorized manuals ..............................

. 204

B

battery ..................................................

. 129 brakes, fluid ..................................................

. 113 pad wear ...........................................

. 115 rear pedal freeplay ...........................

. 116 shoe wear .........................................

. 119

Index

braking ...................................................

. 44 break-in guidelines ..............................

. 191

C

capacity, fuel .........................................

. 76 carburetor, altitude adjustment ............

. 192 care, appearance ..................................

. 134 choke knob .......................................

. 18, 38 cleaning, appearance care ...................

. 134 clutch system .......................................

. 100 color label ............................................

. 182 compartment, owner’s manual .................................

. 71 storage ................................................

. 72 tool kit ................................................

. 70 consumer information .........................

. 203 controls & features ................................

. 17 coolant ....................................................

. 88 customer service ..................................

. 209

Index

217

08/08/06 12:52:00 31MFE620 0227 

Index

D

defects, reporting safety ......................

. 212 drive, final ..............................................

. 95

E

emission control systems .....................

. 193 engine, flooded ...............................................

. 40 idle speed .........................................

. 104 low oil pressure ................................

. 170 number .............................................

. 181 oil .......................................................

. 78 overheats ..........................................

. 168 pinging ...............................................

. 75 starting ...............................................

. 37 stop switch .........................................

. 20 stopping ..............................................

. 41

218

Index

won’t start ........................................

. 151 environment .........................................

. 147

F

final drive ...............................................

. 95 flat tire ..................................................

. 156 flooded engine .......................................

. 40 fuel, oxygenated .......................................

. 200 recommendation ................................

. 75 tank capacity ......................................

. 76 valve ...................................................

. 17 fuses .....................................................

. 171

08/08/06 12:52:06 31MFE620 0228 

G

gap, spark plug .....................................

. 107 gasohol .................................................

. 200 gasoline ..................................................

. 75

H

headlight dimmer switch .......................

. 21 helmet holder .........................................

. 48 high altitude carburetor adjustment ....

. 192 high beam indicator .........................

. 13, 15 high coolant temperature indicator ...................................

. 13, 15, 168

Honda, contacting ........................................

. 209 dealer ................................................

. 210

Rider’s Club .....................................

. 211

Honda service manual .........................

. 204

Index

horn button .............................................

. 22

I

identification, vehicle ..........................

. 180 idle speed, engine ................................

. 104 ignition cut-off system, side stand ...................................

. 37, 128 ignition switch .......................................

. 19 indicators ................................................

. 13 inspection, pre-ride ................................

. 29

K

key, lost ................................................

. 176 kit, tool ...................................................

. 70

Index

219

08/08/06 12:52:11 31MFE620 0229 

Index

L

labels, safety ............................................

. 7 lamp check .............................................

. 14 limit, weight ...........................................

. 33 load limits ..............................................

. 33 loading guidelines ..................................

. 33 lock, steering ..........................................

. 47 low oil pressure indicator ........

. 13, 16, 170

M

maintenance, component locations ..........................

. 67 importance .........................................

. 54 periodic ..............................................

. 58 record .................................................

. 65 safety ..................................................

. 55 schedule .............................................

. 60 manual, service ....................................

. 204 maximum weight limit ..........................

. 33 modifications ...........................................

. 6

N

neutral indicator ...............................

. 13, 16 numbers, serial .....................................

. 180

220

Index

08/08/06 12:52:15 31MFE620 0230 

O

odometer ..........................................

. 13, 16 odometer/tripmeter select and reset button ................................

. 13, 16, 22 oil, engine .................................................

. 78 final drive ..........................................

. 95 low pressure .........................

. 13, 16, 170 operation component locations .............

. 10 overheat, engine ...................................

. 168 owner’s manual storage .........................

. 71 oxygenated fuels ..................................

. 200

Index

P

parking ...................................................

. 46 pinging, engine ......................................

. 75 plugs, spark ..........................................

. 106 pre-load, suspension, rear ...................................................

. 110 pre-ride inspection .................................

. 29 problems, unexpected ..........................

. 149 protective apparel ..................................

. 26

Index

221

08/08/06 12:52:20 31MFE620 0231 

Index

R

removal, seat .....................................................

. 74 side cover ...........................................

. 73 reporting safety defects .......................

. 212 rider training ......................................

. 3, 28

Rider’s Club, Honda ............................

. 211 riding, basic operation ...................................

. 35 clothing ..............................................

. 26 precautions .........................................

. 36 safety ....................................................

. 2 safety precautions ..............................

. 36 with passenger or cargo .....................

. 50

S

safety, important precautions ........................

. 56 labels ....................................................

. 7 reporting defects ..............................

. 212 riding precautions ..............................

. 36 schedule, maintenance ...........................

. 60 seat removal ...........................................

. 74 serial numbers ......................................

. 180 service, customer ...........................................

. 209 manuals ............................................

. 204 warranty ...........................................

. 208 shifting gears .........................................

. 42 side cover removal .................................

. 73 side stand .............................................

. 128 spark knock ............................................

. 75

222

Index

08/08/06 12:52:24 31MFE620 0232  spark plugs ...........................................

. 106 specifications .......................................

. 183 speedometer .....................................

. 13, 15 stand, side ............................................

. 128 start button starting,

.............................................

. 20 engine .................................................

. 37 troubleshooting ................................

. 151 steering lock ...........................................

. 47 stop switch, engine ................................

. 20 stopping engine ......................................

. 41 storage, compartment ......................................

. 72 motorcycle .......................................

. 142 owner’s manual .................................

. 71 suspension, rear suspension adjustment .............

. 110 rear suspension spring pre-load .......

. 110 switch, engine stop .........................................

. 20

Index

headlight dimmer ...............................

. 21 ignition ...............................................

. 19 turn signal ..........................................

. 21

T

theft prevention tips ...............................

. 49 throttle ....................................................

. 98 tires, air pressure .......................................

. 120 flat ....................................................

. 156 replacing ..........................................

. 126 tool kit ....................................................

. 70 training, rider .....................................

. 3, 28 transporting your motorcycle ..............

. 146 tripmeter ...........................................

. 13, 16 trouble, unexpected .............................

. 149 troubleshooting, starting ......................

. 151 turn signal indicator .........................

. 13, 15

Index

223

08/08/06 12:52:29 31MFE620 0233 

Index

V

valve, fuel ..............................................

. 17

W

warranty, coverage ...........................................

. 207 extended ...........................................

. 207 service ..............................................

. 208 washing your motorcycle ....................

. 136 weight limit ............................................

. 33 wheels, front removal ...................................

. 158 rear removal .....................................

. 162

224

Index

08/08/07 15:46:54 31MFE620 0234 

Memo

225

08/08/07 15:46:57 31MFE620 0235 

226

Memo

08/08/07 15:46:59 31MFE620 0236 

Memo

227

08/08/07 15:47:06 31MFE620 0237 

Quick Reference

The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.

How to Avoid Costly Repairs

The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair. Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters, prevents premature wear and damage.

Frequent causes of costly repairs are:

Engine oil –– insufficient quantity, improper oil.

Air cleaner –– dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).

Record important information on the following page:

Quick Reference

08/08/07 15:47:09 31MFE620 0238 

VIN

Engine No.

Ignition Key No.

Color Label

Owner’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Dealer’s Name

Address

City/State

Phone

Service Mgr.

Quick Reference

Quick Reference

08/08/07 15:47:20 31MFE620 0239 

Quick Reference

Scheduled

Maintenance

Pre-ride

Inspection

Periodic

Checks

Fuel/Capacity

Engine Oil

Maximum

Weight

Capacity

Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)

Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)

Check the following items each time before you ride (page 29 ): tires & wheels, leaks, loose parts, lights, throttle, brakes, indicators.

Check the following items monthly (page 58 ): tires & wheels, fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.

unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher

3.70 US gal (14.0 ) reserve: 0.87 US gal (3.3 )

API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service label,

SAE 10W-30, JASO T 903 standard MA,

Pro Honda GN4 4-stroke oil or equivalent

397 lbs (180 kg)

406 lbs (184 kg)

Canada rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories

Quick Reference

08/08/07 15:47:34 31MFE620 0240 

Tires

Tire Pressure

(cold)

Spark Plugs

Coolant

Fuses

Final Drive Oil

Quick Reference

Front:

Rear:

Type:

Front:

Rear:

90/90 − 21M/C 54S DUNLOP D404F or

160/80 − 15M/C 74S

BRIDGESTONE EXEDRA G701

DUNLOP D404 or

BRIDGESTONE EXEDRA G702 bias-ply, tube

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm )

29 psi (200 kPa , 2.00 kgf/cm ) with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight

36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight standard: DPR6EA high speed riding:

− 9 (NGK)

DPR7EA − or X20EPR − U9 (DENSO)

9 (NGK) or X22EPR − U9 (DENSO) ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water main:

30A other: 20A, 10A

Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80

Quick Reference

08/08/07 15:47:44 31MFE620 0241 

Quick Reference

These symbols are used in Controls & Features section:

SYMBOL COMPONENT choke knob

START button

RUN

− engine stop switch

OFF − engine stop switch

HI

− headlight dimmer switch

LO

− headlight dimmer switch turn signal switch horn button

SEE PAGE

18

20

20

20

21

21

21

22

Quick Reference

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