Intra-Jewish peace precedes Arab-Israeli amity

Intra-Jewish peace precedes Arab-Israeli amity
AIR information
Volume LIV No. 7
July 1999
£3 Cto non-members)
Don't miss...
Reflections on peace hopes at the end of a war-torn century
Intra-Jewish peace precedes
Arab-Israeli amity
Germany's
Holocaust Memorial
Ronald Channing
p3
Development of
Community Identity
Dr Anthony Grenville p 14
Bicentenary Mirage
Prof Otto Hutter
pl6
Oiamond
celebration
T
he Sixtieth
Anniversary
Reunion of
Kindertransportees
was an event
steeped in
poignancy.
A staggering
tW'elve hundred
septuagenarians out of the original
ten thousand
Kinder - came
from America.
Australia. Israel and
Britain to a venue
not far from
Bloomsbury House
of blessed memory.
They gathered to
remember martvTed
parents, and to
give thanks to
Britain and the
British individuals Christian and
Jewish - who had
succoured them in
their hour of need.
Adding special
poignancy to the
occasion was its
coincidence with
the end of the
Kosovo conflict D
A
s we enter the home stretch towards the have thought that a relative minority of goyish
year 2000 we can congratulate ourselves on Russians would eventually integrate fully into the
having survived the bloodiest century of majority population.)
Such bigotry, poisoning the political atmosphere
human history (The fourteenth century may actually
have seen a larger proportional decrease in popu- in Israel, could have had the most calamitous results.
lation - but that was mainly due to the Black Death). Fortunately Ehud Barak's landslide victory has comFour megalomaniacs - Wilhelm II, Stalin, Hitler pletely transformed the political climate. His election
and Mao - each piled up hecatombs of corpses to triumph is to be welcomed not only because it will
dwarf Everest. After them came run-of-the-mill thaw out the deep-frozen Arab-Israeli peace process
maniacs e.g. Khomeini, Saddam Hussein and Milo- initiated at Oslo, but also because it bids fair to
sevic, whose body count 'merely' takes them into the damp down the simmering Kulturkampf inside Israel.
Himalayan foothills. Happily of that trio Khomeini is
The new Israeli Premier, already on record as
now dead, Saddam pinned down and Milosevich deprecating military exemption for yeshiva students,
moribund.
may well remove that major irritant to the secular
We can also take comfort from the fact that such majority from the statute book. But he will have to
potential flashpoints of conflict as South Africa, walk a tightrope. He cannot afford to burn his
Northern Ireland and the Middle East are further bridges with the traditionalist Sephardi working
away from erupting than seemed possible a few class, the constituency of Shas. In planning to effect
years ago.
a sea change in Arab-Israeli relations he is embarkIn South Africa the fault line ran between members ing on a perilous enterprise for which national unity
of different races and in Northern Ireland between is an absolute prerequisite. In other words: to bring
adherents of different faiths. In Israel, alas, the fault about peace with the Arabs he needs to banish the
spectre of war between the Jev^s forever D
lines of race and religion cut across each other.
The religious fault line there is not between Islam and Judaism; that conflict is
already subsumed under the Arabs v Israel
heading. The religious caesura in the Jewish
State separates rigid Orthodoxy from Secularism. Would-be AyatoUas pit Holy Writ
against the Constitution and the Legal Code.
For instance, when Rabbi Arye Deri, exleader of the Sephardi Shas Party, after
lengthy in\estigation and due process ol law
recei\ed a four-year sentence, Shas militants
blithely accused the High Court - the most
august tribunal in the land - of perverting
justice for the advantage of the Ashkenazi
elite. Nor did the Sephardi Chief Rabbi
Ovadiah Joseph scruple to stigmatise over
half a million Russian immigrants as mafiosi,
pimps and pork butchers'. (It is, of course, speaker Betty Boothroyd. centre, univiled a plaque in the House of Commons
commemorating the airival of tlje children of the Kindertransport 60 years
true that not all olim from the former USSR ago, with Bea Greoi, left. Bertha Leveilon. centre right, and David Jedtvab,
are halachically Jewish - but one would organisers of an international Kindenransport conference in London.
AJR INFORMATION JULy 1999
Van Gogh restored
to owner
Profile
G
(iiiry lialiaander, left, his father .Michael and sister Bernice
Family portraits
M
ichael Italiaander, his son Gary
and daughter Bernice are, each
in their own sphere, portrait
artists of extra special merit. Michael is a
painter and illustrator whose work is
known and appreciated in Europe, Israel
and the United States. The portrait of
Prince Edward, which hangs in the
Queen's private collection at Buckingham
Palace, gives him particular cause for
pride.
Gary has earned an exceptional international reputation for the quality of his
work as a photographer specialising, like
his father, in portraiture. For the past four
years his gallery was to be found within
Harrods, the prestigious Knightsbridge
department store with its most discriminating clientele, which means, of course,
that Gary's portraits are be seen on the
walls of some of the most splendid
houses in the world.
If the secret of a great portrait is to
convey successfully a real understanding
of the subject, then Bernice has earned
her own well-deserved reputation for creating portraits of a somewhat different
kind. As volunteer national organiser for
Britain of Steven Spielberg's Sunnvors of
the Shoah Visual History
Foundation,
Bernice, with her colleague Sharon Tyler,
has for four years recruited, trained, managed and led a dedicated group of 40
interviewers in this country to place on
Krantz.
record the testimonials of some 900
Holocaust refugees and survivors.
Each interview was in itself a major undertaking with Bernice often having to
reassure the interviewee as well as book
the interviewer and the video-cameraman
and provide continual advice and
backup. When the subjects were guided
through their former lives by a skilled
and sympathetic interviewer, they recalled their families and friends, their
harsh experiences and route to survival,
thereby enabling future generations to
continue to call on their powerful and irrefutable eye-witnesses accounts.
With similar interviews having been
conducted in the US, Canada, Israel, Australia and in many other parts of the
world in which survivors have rebuilt
their lives, in all the Foundation has now
preserved 50,000 testimonies for posterity.
Copies of the interviews are being
lodged at Yad Vashem in Israel, at the
Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington and in three further US centres, in
London's Imperial War Museum and in
several other institutions which together
will allow free access to scholars and researchers. Most of these portraits are
emotionally draining; they recall Jewish
ways of life in countries from which Jews
and Judaism have long been banished,
but Bernice's portraits will probably be
the most vivid, lifelike and long-lasting
memory of them all.
D Ronald Channing
erta Silberberg, a member of the
AJR living in the Midlands, is to
have restored to her a drawing by
Van Gogh which her late father-in-UiW
was forced to sell in one of the so-called
Jew auctions' of artworks, the proceeds
from which were confiscated by the
Nazis.
Max Silberberg was an industrialist
from Breslau (now Wroclaw in Poland)
whose outstanding collection included
works of French and German Impressionists, among them Van Gogh, Manet,
Pissaro, Matisse, Degas, Cezanne and
Delacroix, valued today at <t20 millionHis business was 'aryanised' and he was
ordered to sell his furniture, books, ceramics and the paintings. Hundreds or
such auctions were held between 1933
and 1938.
Max Silberberg perished in a concentration camp, but his son Alfred and
daughter-in-law escaped to England, a'"'
riving penniless in 1937. Alfred died if
1984, but Gerta, as her father-in-law's
only surviving relative, determined to
recover the drawings and paintings frooi
Max Silberberg's collection.
Records only came to light after the fa"
of the Berlin Wall in 1989, in which yeaf
German law recognised these forced
sales as equivalent to theft and further
documents were declassified two years
ago.
Gerta Silberberg employed art historians to track down any works that
were in her father-in-law's collection and
it was they who discovered both the VaO
Gogh and Hans von Maree's Man unt"
Yellow Coat in Berlin.
The President of the Foundation for
Pmssian Cultural Heritage, the body with
responsibility for Berlin's museums and
art collections, has announced that the
Van Gogh sketch L'Olivette, which is currently on display in the National Gallery
of Berlin and valued at more than ±3 million, is to be returned to Gerta SilberbergThe Foundation's trustees are to be
commended for having taken the decision to restore property to Holocaust
survivors and their families without prO'
tracted and costly court proceedings- '^
opens up the possibility of the return oi
hundreds of other artworks to their right'
ful owners.
URDC
\
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
Germany's Holocaust
Memorial problem
J
ust how can the citizens of today's
Germany grapple successfully with the
design and construction of a memorial
to their former Jewish co-nationals, whom
^heir
parents'
and
grandparents'
8enerations successfully dispossessed and
Annihilated?
This seemingly insoluble paradox was
'discussed by Prof James Young of
^rnherst University, Mass., a leading authority on Holocaust memorialisation and
Author of a seminal work. The Texture of
Memory. At the Wiener Library Prof
'oung analysed the rationale behind the
Assign of Daniel Libeskinds Jewish Mu^euni in Berlin and, when delivering the
James Parkes Memorial lecture at the University of Southampton, he described the
Process of commissioning, evaluating and
recommending a Holocaust memorial for
Germany's restored state capital.
Ironically Berlin's first Jewish Museum,
Opened in 1933 one week before Hitler
^3s made Chancellor, continued to
•riount exhibitions until the imposition of
r>e Nuremberg Laws' severe restrictions
And its subsequent recognition as a depository of decadent art'. Plundered on
^ristallnacht 1938, after the war 400 of its
Pointings were recovered and lodged in
^e Israel Museum, Jerusalem,
tn 1988 an architectural competition
As launched for the design of a Jewish
^tiseum for which the drawings submit^d by Daniel Libeskind were at first
"^^cognised as being brilliant but archi^cturally unbuildable. Empty spaces
'thin its stmcture represented the void
rought by the removal of Berlin Jewry.
c>ssibly_ suggested Prof Young, it repre^nted contemporary German culture
orning to terms with the void at its own
centre,
"^ith the breaching of the Berlin Wall in
°9, despite most other state funding
^•ng put on hold, the $100 million for
^ Jewish Museum was reinstated as a
Prior
'rity and the museum building was
dul
y completed last year.
flow do the perpetrators commemoe the crime their nation committed?"
. A Roth, quoted by Prof Young as hav5 posed this question, was the moving
P'fit behind the 1988 proposal to erect a
^ olocaust Memorial in Berlin. With the
^'' of the Berlin WaU the following year,
, "i^ge empty site was identified in the
^ of the city near the Reichstag and
the project received the full support of
Chancellor Kohl.
A design competition in 1994 brought
528 submissions. The 'winner' conceived
a gigantic slab inscribed with the names
of 4.5 million victims and strewn with
boulders from Massada, but a public outcry forced a reconsideration of its design
and scale. James Young was among
those who criticised the scheme. It made
him uneasy and he called it "a burial
slab for the 20th century" which would
"unshoulder the Germans' burden." Chancellor Kohl voided the competition's
result.
In best poacher-turned-gamekeeper tradition. Prof Young was invited to join the
committee of five burdened with the task
of arbitrating on the selection of a memorial - the only foreigner and the only Jew
- and soon found himself thrown in at
the deep end.
The committee created a conceptual
plan which stipulated that: the memorial
would provide a space in Germany's
capital that would be "a deliberate attempt to remember"; it would only
honour Jewish victims (but not to the exclusion of others' memorials); the
memorial's purpose and the Holocaust
would be clearly defined and include the
role of the perpetrators.
In 1997 a new competition was announced, incorporating the nine previous
finalists and including sixteen additional
architects. From the nineteen designs
submitted, eight finalists were invited to
make presentations and a short list of
four selected. Peter Eisenman, whose
original design required the erection of
4500 pillars on the site, was asked to undertake a redesign to fall within certain
restricting parameters.
Eisenman's modified project incorporates 2700 stone pillars, from waist to
head high, penetrated by clear sight-lines.
This preferred project was submitted to
Chancellor Kohl. Although with a
change of Government, SDP Culture
Minister Michael Naumann opened up
the possible addition of a library and
documentaion centre, it is Eisenman's
modified project which is being put before the Reichstag for approval.
Prof Young was confident that many
people would learn what Germany perpetrated on the Jews of Europe from the
memorial. The sadness is that it commemorates Hitler's one lasting victory European Jewry was practically wiped
out.
n Ronald Channing
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AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
Rf^iews
A backward glance
Peter Gay, MY GERMAN QUESTION,Yale UP,
£15.50
B
orn in 1923, in Berlin, the author,
Peter Frohlich, is now an American
academic called Gay, a surname he
adopted before it acquired a certain connotation.
He writes in beautiful, concise and
clear English, with only mild American
overtones. He fights shy of calling it an
autobiography, making his subtitle Groiving Up in Nazi Berlin. It is a thin dividing
line, this mixture of, as it were, the political and the personal; autobiographical
elements do come in, and they are engagingly and interestingly presented. For
instance, he ardently defends the German
Jews against the, in his view, unfair attacks on their too-long maintained belief
in Germany. He castigates the 100 per
cent hindsight of their critics. Yet this is
well mixed with stories of his school
days, tales of his relatives, in particular
his adored parents, who also escaped,
first to Cuba and then to the US.
The family atmosphere in which he
grew up, was liberal and agnostic to the
point of atheism. But it took him until
1961 before he could gear him.self up to
pay an anguished visit to his erstwhile
fatherland. There he found that he could
never tru.st most of those who had been
grown-ups during the war, yet rejoiced
when some old friends were found to
have behaved splendidly.
But apart from these weighty matters
there are amusing tales of continued support for the football club Hertha BSC,
almost obsessional stamp-collecting and
feeble anti-Nazi jokes carefully whispered
into safe ears.
The family's emigration was long delayed because the father's glassware
business at first actually prospered under
the Nazis. He had an Aryan' associate by
the name of Pelz. Ludicrously, Nordiclooking Frohlich senior was advised to
get rid of the Jew Pelz'. At this readers
can either laugh or shed tears.
Frohlich senior did not prosper in
America; he died relatively young, and
Peter's mother lived on with her psychological and physical health much
impaired. Peter progressed from strength
to strength in academe, publishing many
books. He does not boast about this, it
emerges in passing and from the usual
publicity material on the dust jacket.
One can safely recommend this memoir.
It is full of mature insights, in which
many readers will recognise their own
situations and reactions. They may agree
or disagree, but interest will not flag.
DjohnRossall
Star-crossed lovers
Paul Morrison, SOLOMON AND GAENOR
at selected cinemas
R
abbi Shmule Boteach describes
this film, rather irreverently, as
"six uses for a tallis": it figures as
a prayer-shawl, a wrap against the cold, a
cast-off and a shroud. Nevertheless, the
film is a serious portrayal of two totally
separate communities in Wales at the turn
of the century. It makes fascinating, if
excessive, use of local scenery: the bare
cottages of the miners, rainsoaked
cobbled streets, snowy mountains and
slagheaps. It also touches on a real
historic event: the Tredegar riots against
the Jews. The Romeo and Juliet aspect is
moving, if inadequately explored. We get
no other motive for the attraction than
sex, a powerful one, it is true, but what
goes on in the minds of the lovers is a
mystery. The Welsh side are shown in
their chapel-rigidity - the heroine is
denounced in church for being pregnant
with Solomon's illegitimate child - and
the Jews are equally, if more quietly,
unforgiving.
Parts of the dialogue are in Welsh and
in Yiddish, but whereas the Welsh speakers utter their words with conviction, the
Yiddish speakers, including Maureen
Lipman, mumble their lines in a monotone. The idea seems to be that nobody
is going to understand them anyway, so
let the audience rely on the subtitles. A
pity, as this does scant justice to the feeling behind the rhythms of their speech.
Despite its longueurs - some parts are
endlessly stretched out, including a brutal
scene in which the hero is thumped to
within an inch of his life - the film has
many moving moments and raises serious
issues.
D Mardia Blend
In the melting pot
Benny Barbash, MY FIRST SONY, Review. 1999,
£9.99.
Y
'ou have here a slice of history of
the State of Israel as recorded by a
very idiosyncratic historian: a ten-
year-old boy given a tape recorder as a
present.
So don't be misled by the aforementioned term 'history'. This little
eavesdropper records all the goings-on in
a pretty dysfunctional family. Its core is
Dad, a somewhat blocked writer manque
who when not blocked, ghosts the reminiscences of Shoah survivors which
exacerbate his depression. Mom, in her
own view, and that of some admirers, is
a brilliant architect. They are ill-matched
but love each other. Dad is a typical East
European and Mom is a fiery Latin-American. Both are convinced Jewish
secularists. Mom's mother lives with them
and speaks Spanish to her daughter. Ftir
good measure Dad's father is an ardent
right-winger, and his older brother is an
ultra-Orthodox born-again Jew. On top o'
that. Dad leaves home from time to time
after heated circular arguments, and nor
is he faithful to Mom. Imagine when this
lot, which also includes batty aunts, get
together at Jewish festivals honoured by
one section for historic meaning and by
the other for literal religious significance.
The prophet Elijah is dragged into the arguments, together with Ben-Gurion, Kan
Marx, Herzl and Jabotinsky, for Grandpa
was an enthusiastic follower of the lastnamed in the old country'.
All this is faithfully recorded by little
nosey parker Yotam, and is mixed up
with Mom's crying in the night and sortie
laughable scenes at a mass circumcision
establishment for former Russian-Jewish
assimilationists. Over it all lie the seriouS
threats to the State of Israel, as well as the
tragic recent past of the Jewish people.
It all adds up to a page-turning story.
Ujohn Rossall
GERMAN BOOKIE
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AJR INFORMATION JULy 1999
University centre
named for pioneer of
Christian-Jewish
Understanding
T
he University of Southampton has
named its main faculty of arts
building in tribute to the late
Reverend Dr James Parkes, a severe critic
°f Nazi Germany and a tireless worker
tor Jewish refugees. The centre houses
'he University's Department for the Study
°f Jewish/non-Jewish Relations which
^'so carries his name.
Dr Parkes, an Anglican clergyman, was
^niong the first to recognise the threat
Posed by antisemitism and extreme racist
Nationalism and a pioneer in acknow'sdging and researching the Christian
''oots of antisemitism. He was the author
^' several important works on Jewish
•history as well as a founder of the Coun^" of Christians and Jews. He also helped
"1 the rescue of Jewish refugees and
^Poke on behalf of European Jewry dur'^8 Worid War II.
Parkes began his collection of early
Printed books and contemporary pamph^fs on the history of Jewish communities
and their relationships with their host
Countries in the 1930s. He presented
"'hat had become an extensive collection
The Parkes librarian opens a record book of the fewish Board of Guardians dating from 1901 for, left to right,
Prof David Cesarani, research student Sarah Kavanaugh, Mike Whine and Monty Kolsky of the Board of
Deputies, Dr Tony Kushner and head of special collections Chris Woolgar.
to the University of Southampton in 1964
and, as the Parkes Library, its continued
expansion has made it one of the largest
Jewish documentation centres in Europe.
The Parkes Centre for Jewish/non-Jewish Relations, established in 1996, with
the benefit of the Library and archive, has
earned international recognition under its
director, Dr Tony Kushner, Prof David
Cesarani, director of the Wiener Library,
Dr Jo Reilly, who also holds complementary posts in both institutions and other
leading academics.
A major benefactor of the University,
Ian Karten, who came from Germany to
study in England in 1938, unveiled a
dedication plaque in the new building in
the presence of deputy "Vice-Chancellor
Prof Alistair Ulph, Dean of Arts, Prof
Katharine Crouan, academic staff and
guests. Professor James Young delivered
the Parkes Memorial Lecture on 'Germany's Holocaust memorial problem'.
URDC
dating agency.)
On the surface learning Yiddish was
easier, because around eighty per cent
of all the words come from German. But
looked at from the pedagogic aspect
Yiddish was harder, because I had to
learn it purely by word of mouth,
without any printed material - not to
mention dictionaries - as teaching aids.
Certain Yiddish words or phrases took
me ages to fathom out. One such was
geb a sbmeicbel.
Since
schmeicheln
means to flatter in German, it could only
have been a vague similarity of sound
that led to the phrase acquiring the
meaning of 'flash a smile'.
Then there was the word heimish, as in
heimishe cucumbers. In German bdmisch
means malicious - but how, outside the
pages of Lewis Carroll, could cucumbers
be malicious? Eventually I realised that
heimish derived from der heim, or the
old country - ergo heimishe cucumbers
were gherkins pickled in the Polish
manner.
The trickiest problem that presented
itself to me related to the term yiddified.
On the analogy with the word
Frenchified I assumed that it denoted
someone who had adopted Jewish
mannerisms - but I was 180 degrees out,
because the person most frequently
described as yiddified was Oswald
Mosley. After weeks of mental agony the
Pfennig dropped: it came to me that
yiddified derived from Judenfeind,
the
German compound noun for enemy of
the Jews.
I hope that even cynics will be
impressed by my youthful feat in
deconstructing the particular mini-Tower
of Babel. For me at any rate it was the
first step on the road that led ultimately
to an editorial - though, alas, not a
professorial - chair.
URG
'-'"^'TmrTfr-mnTTiiiiTir
Malicious cucumbers
O
n arrival in the UK I needed to
acquire one-and-a-half new languages. I had to learn English
^cause the whole country spoke it / ' d Yiddish because my host, and my
'ow sweatshop workers, peppered
^'r speech with pungent Yiddish
Phrases. (Pace their less-than-benign
mment on my rather halting progress:
•^ ^'" nejt gejt a roich, or, when he sews
^ causes smoke to rise.)
tvery reader will know the pitfalls
Shsh presents for the native German^Peaker. Take GIFT, which means a
, ^^^nt in one language, and poison in
trie
other - or MIST, which transmutes
from
fog into rubbish. (By the same
tok
^ri similar-sounding words also
^ide material for bilingual puns such
"^r-and-Sie Rescue as the name for a
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
AUSTRIA: SORCERER'S
APPRENTICE
Sir - I was immensely impressed by your
editorial about Austria. On the 13 March
1938 I saw literally thousands of swastika
flags waving in greeting of Hitler. After
the War, the Austrians closed their eyes
to the past. Requests for restitution,
rehabilitation or at least an apology never
materialised.
However, another generation has now
discovered their dreadful past and has
decided to make amends. The National
Fund for the Victims of Nazi Persecution
commenced operations in 1997 under the
outstanding leadership of Mrs Hannah
Lessing.
Another interesting feature is that suddenly the Austrian archives have opened
and released documents not previously
available. There is therefore a little bit of
light. It can never eradicate the past but it
can make life a little easier for the minority of Austrians who decided that
something had to be done to improve the
image of their country.
Cascais, Portugal
Peter Frankel
Sir - Haider's recent election success in
Carinthia was partly due to our, ie the
Austrian Jewish emigrants', unforgiving
attitude towards present-day Austria. The
taxpayers of Austria, ie most of the population, have tried hard to atone for their
grandparents' crimes. Most of us get an
Austrian pension, even if we had been
quite young when we left. Pensioners
suffering from disabilities get a reasonable supplement. Last year mo.st of us got
a Wiedergutmachung
payment. Confiscated goods and businesses have been
returned. The Austrians have done much
to re-establish normal and cordial relations
with their former Jewish compatriots..
However, as far as I know, these efforts
at reconciliation have never been officially acknowledged and certainly not by
the AJR. In history there have been quite
a number of historical crimes for which
the victims were never compensated.
The Austrians say to themselves: "Why
should we keep on paying these people
who do not respond to our generosity?
Let us vote for somebody who promises
us to restrict our generosity and save our
taxes." I hope that the AJR is big-hearted
enough to rectify the situation before
somebody much worse than Haider appears on the horizon.
own misery is a bit much. Globalisation
of the economy results in the globalisation of poverty, while the owners or
hard currencies or credit produce conditions of growth for themselves.
A society consisting of part-time,
mainly low-paid female labour cannot alter this.
Only when we grasp the nettle of guaranteed, lifelong full-time employment for
heads of families, male or female, can we
create a reasonable, democratic society.
Surrey
South Croydon
AW Freud
Sir - It is quite true that Austrian Denazification was inadequate, but it is not true
that there wasn't any. Austria established
in 1945 some people's courts for Nazi
criminals which over the next three years
or so handed out about 30 death sentences. There was nothing like it in
Western Germany.
Deddington
Francis Steiner
RICH MAN, POOR MAN
Sir - Mr Channing (May issue 1999) wrote
a moderate, serious query concerning
what one may call "the paradox of
poverty amidst growing prosperity". Ms
Annette Saville's reaction can only be
described as arrant nonsense. It is certainly not Mr Channing who lives "in
cloud cuckoo land" but she, who harks
back to Victorian policy differentiating
between deserving and non-deserving
poor.
The problem of poverty is one of the
worst causal problems worldwide. What
Ms Saville claims to have witnessed
"spend, spend", etc. is most certainly not
the cause, but the effect of former or
earlier parenting problems. Even more
ridiculous is the idea of "shiftless, thriftless" and worst, "unintelligent" causality
of poverty.
Let Ms Saville learn that all that is
needed for poverty is a major incident
depriving you of your career, business or
the support of your children. It is even
more unthinking when such a person is a
survivor of the Shoah.
Reading
Berkshire
Friederike Wilder-Okladek,
Sir - Ms Annette Saville (Letters, June issue) seems to have caught the "I am all
right, pull up the ladder. Jack" bug.
It is, of course, true that the redistribution of wealth as carried out today, does
not work, but blaming the poor for their
Ulrich Pick
LIFE IS BEAUTIFUL
Sir - I much value Gloria Tessler's report
in AJR Information, June 1999, on Life i^
Beautiful
and its comparison with
Candide and fully agree with her
interpretation.
The film's depiction of German behaviour in the camp appeared to me more
realistic in my experience of Buchenwald
in November/December 1938 than anything else I have seen in other attempts
to present it. No doubt Benigni has made
good use in his presentation of that behaviour from material he has taken out ot
the factual reports by his excellent compatriot Primo Levi.
London SE21
ML Meyer
BRADFORD BOYS
Sir - I read the profile in the June issue
with great interest, since I was also at the
Bradford Hostel for a short time. My late
brother, Egon Katz, was there for a much
longer period. He, too, joined the British
army and called himself Jack Wayne. '
can .still remember the rabbi in charge, ^
Mr Auerbach.
Bexley
Kent
Karl Katz
Sir - Thank you for publishing the photo
of the Bradford Boys (June 1999 issue).
My refugee family lived in Bradford
during the war and my parents were per'
sonal friends of the "refugee couple". On
many summer Sunday afternoons we 1^'
dies (community and refugee) would sit
in the Hostel gardens and mend those
boys' socks!
I wonder if anyone remembers?
London N4
Rita Kahn (nee Poznanski)
Sir - Hanna Ruth Simmonds of Harrogate
is amused that you should ascribe to her
the position of in loco parentis' in yo^^
AJR INFORMATION JULy 1999
otherwise excellent article on The Bradford Boys (June 1999). It was her parents,
^^r and Mrs Herbert Eger,'who were that.
I^uth was younger than the boys!
Bradford
Rudi Leavor
CLERIHEW
Sir - Although I guess Leo Wolff (Letters,
.'une issue) is not being too serious, I
t^ust take issue with even the thought
that we Goys should be annoyed that
God was odd enough to choose the
Jews! On the contrary, many of us are
full of delight because He chose them to
f'e, pace Isaiah, "A light to the Gentiles
and my salvation unto the end of the
earth".
I suggest the clerihew should read:
^ow odd of God to choose the Jews? Not
^o! His choice inclusive love expressed:
'n thy seed all the nations shall be
blessed".
1 feel immensely indebted to the Jews
'Or the concept of a God whose astonishing ingenuity as revealed in this universe
"> matched by His character as shown in
f'is redeeming love for all mankind. I
'nave also the great joy of a much-loved
AJR wife and two fine sons,
^ost Midlands
Ernest CE Willis
SECOND GENERATION'S
NETWORK
'f - It almost seems as if survivors'
arnilies are expected to need some sort
^f treatment. If they are told this long
Plough they might eventually believe
% t they do.
Incidentally, am I right in assuming that
•ne Second Generation's Nerv^ork is idenical with the Second Generation Trust? If
^ot, does the change of name indicate a
ch:ange in its aims?
i-ondionNWJ
Herta Reik
^ H A N K Y O U BRITAIN FUND
."" - I am sorr\- that Anne Pisker
"^agines that she owes nothing to this
Ountry (Letters June issue): T haven't
'^f8otten...my internment on the Isle of
^n'
Had she been interned in
tischwitz, she would, presumably, have
^en in a state of happy obli\ion for over
^ff a century, by now.
tticidentally, refugees who joined the
•^'tish or Allied forces escaped intern•nient.
'•ondon £4
Gerda Mayer
GREAT DANE
Sir - There is a version of the Canute
story different from that in the Historia
Anglorum quoted by Mr Mikkelson (June
issue).
According to this version King Canute
was being pestered by some of his
nobles to take certain actions he deemed
impossible. When they persisted the king
appears to have lost his patience and decided to demonstrate the folly of the
peers' demands. He asked for his ceremonial chair or throne to be placed at
the water's edge, sat down and in a loud
voice he ordered the rising tide to recede; with the obvious non-result, of
course. And, since this had no effect, he
went one step further, he asked some of
his minions to 'punish' the waters by
beating them with chains - naturally
without effect. And then, turning to his
entourage, he said something on these
lines. "There you are, my Lords; there are
certain things which simply cannot be
done, no matter how powerful you may
be and,they are best left alone." They
grumbled, but ultimately withdrew their
request.
Had Canute lived a little later he might
conceivably have borrowed the old saying: "Gegen den Wind kann man nicht
Klavier spielen."
Richmond
Surrey
CP Carter
WRONG UNIVERSITY
Sir - Someone at your end slipped up. I
was at the University of Surrey, not at
Sussex, as stated in Letters to the Editor.
London NWl I
Gerald Fleming
Letters may be edited to
obtain publication.
^
JACKMAN •
SILVERMAN
COMMERCIAL PROPERTY CONSULTANTS
26 Conduit Street, London WlR 9TA
Telephone: 0171 409 0771 Fax: 0171493 8017
Routes to
antisemitism
Christianity and the
Enlightennnent
I
mages of the Holocaust still pervaded
our culture, said Prof Schleunes in his
address on Controversies and Problems in Explaining the Holocaust at Beth
Shalom Holocaust Memorial Centre.
Despite the memory of Auschwitz being
forgotten, even suppressed, for several
decades after World War II, today it had
become a household word.
Both Christianity and the Enlightenment
had brought "glorious achievements",
said Prof Schleunes, but had also produced a darker side. The lack of
opposition to Hitler and his Aryan legislation from the churches, particularly
Pope Pius XII's failure to protest, was
well known. But among much deeper
problems for consideration were the
power of good over evil and the role of
Christianity in the promotion of antisemitism.
While the Roman Empire adopted
Christianity, the Jews maintained their rejection of Jesus as the Messiah. The
accusation that Jews were responsible for
his crucifixion led to the charge of
deicide and demonisation by Christian
theologians. Crusaders had no compunction in slaughtering Jews in the Rhineland
as 'agents of the devil' and even by 1543
Luther happily expounded on "the Jews
and their lies".
The eighteenth century's Enlightenment
sought a better world through respect for
fundamental human rights, justice and
the application of scientific principles. In
contravention of traditional Christian
teachings, emancipation and political participation found favour. However, it was
anticipated that Jews would assimilate
into the mainstream of western culture
from which they had previously been
excluded.
The late nineteenth century's fascination with pseudo-sciences, such as
eugenics, helped to turn Jews from followers of a religion into a race, in Prof
Schleunes' view. The Nazis determined
to negate every ideal generated by the
Enlightenment and used the combined
force of centuries-old prejudices against
the Jews to the ultimate.
n Ronald Channing
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
gested a number of acfivities, including
speakers, discussions and outings. It was
agreed that monthly meetings would be
arranged and a committee of four volunteered to organise the programme for the
coming months with the support of AJR's
office.
A J R ^ejt^^rts
D Frank Goldberg
For more information on the group and its
planned activities, please contact Myrna Glass
onOni 431 6161.
West Midlands
A garden party and luncheon, by kind
invitation of Mr Leon Jessel, is to take
place on Sunday 18th July at 12.30pm. To
accept please call the Hon Secretary o(^
0121 705 5396 as soon as possible as
numbers have to be limited with priority
being given to AJR members and their
spouses D
Enjoying a day s good company at AJR s Kard & Games Klub
NEWS FROM THE GROUPS
Pinner
A
t short notice Gideon Fiegel gave
Pinner AJR members a blow-byblow account of the battle for
Acre in the 1948 War of Independence in
which he served as a captain in the Israel
Defence Forces. Courageously fighting to
relieve three oudying settlements against
entrenched Syrian positions, his soldiers'
success had the fortuitous consequence
of liberating the whole of the Galilee.
The group welcomes Elizabeth Feldman as joint co-ordinator with 'Vera
Gelman who will continue to arrange its
programmes.
n Walter Weg
Enjoy the wonders of a 'Trip to China' with
George Vulcan at the next meeting on Thursday
8th July at 2pm at Pinner Synagogue.
South London
M
onica Lowenberg of Sussex University spoke to South London
AJR on the skills brought to
Britain by German-Jewish refugees.
While Jewish students had been able to
study at German universities they could
enter the legal and medical professions,
but after Hitler came to power in 1933
these opportunities soon began to be
removed. Jews in small towns felt
extremely isolated, though those in cities
were not much better off.
The ORT School in Berlin, which provided vocational training in manual skills,
was transfered to Leeds in 1937, saving
the lives of both staff and children who
were able to make their livings as plumbers, electricians, joiners and the like. The
Jewish School in Cologne, though very
short of funds, taught in English which
proved a considerable advantage when,
in 1938, this school also was transfered to
England. Both the girls, who were settled
in Willesden and the boys, sent to Liverpool, were able to earn their living when
they left school at the age of 14.
D Ruth Leggett
AJR'Drop in'Advice Centre
at the
Paul Balint AJR Day Centre
15 Cleve Road, London NW6 3RL
between I Oam and 12 noon on the
following dates:
Thursday
Tuesday
Thursday
Wednesday
Tuesday
8
13
22
28
3
July
July
July
July
August
and every Th ursday from
1 Oam to 12 noon at:
AJR, 1 Hampstead Gate, 1 a Frognal
London NW3 6AL
No oppointment is necessary, but please bring
along all relevant documents, such as Benefit
Books, letters, bills, etc.
At SLAJR'S next meeting on 15th July at Ipm at
Streatham Liberal Synagogue, Prentis Road, Pam
Schweizer will talk on Reminiscences'.
Brighton & Hove
A
t the invitation of the AJR and
with the full co-operation of
Jewish Care and its local representative Mrs Fausta Shelton, fourteen
participants met to discuss the formation
of an AJR group in the area, while several
others promised their support. Though
most were residents of Brighton and
Hove, others came from Eastbourne,
Lewes, Worthing and Arundel.
Myrna Glass, AJR's Outreach Worker,
pointed to the success of similar groups
in other parts of the country and sug-
Accept our invitation to a
K^ff^^ Klatseh
with musical entertainment,
tea, coffee and pastries
on Sunday 22nd August
from 3-5pm
at the Paul Balint AJR Day Centre
15 Cleve Road, N W 6
Entrance by ticket only £6
Please book with Sylvia, Renee & Susie
Tel: 0171 328 0208
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
WELFARE BENEFITS
• • • Vlewpelnt • • •
Questions & Answers on
Attendance Allowance
Wargames
^ I am disabled and I need help
with personal care. What help
can I get?
i If you are 65 or over and you
satisfy o n e of the four "disability
conditions' and have done so for
the LAST SEX MONTHS, or
if you are terminally ill - then you
may be able to claim Attendance
Allowance.
J
i
What are the 'disability' conditions?
You must be so severely disabled
physically or mentally that you
require from another person:1) During the day frequent attention throughout the day in
connection with your bodily
functions or
2) Continual supervision throughout the day in order to avoid
substantial danger to yourself or
to others or
3) During the Night prolonged or
repeated attention in connection with your bodily functions
or
4) in order to avoid substantial
danger to yourself or others
another person has to be awake
for a prolonged period or at
frequent inter\als for the purpose of watching over you.
5
Does anything affect what y o u
get?
"^ Attendance Allowance is not taxed
and not means tested. It can, in
fact, trigger extra help with means
tested benefits such as Income
Support, Housing Benefit and
Council Tax Benefits.
Attendance Allowance is paid at
two rates. The higher rate is paid
to people who need help both day
and night. The lower rate is paid
to people who need help either
day or night.
V How do I apply for Attendance
Allowance and h o w do I get
more information.
^ Contact the Welfare Rights Adviser
in the Social Ser\ices Department
of AJR.
D Agi Alexander
F
or nearly half a century continental
Europe has been virtually free of
military conflict. The ending of
World War II ushered in a period of
unprecedented wealth-creation accompanied by a totally unanticipated rise in
the expectations of the common man.
The price paid for Europe's emancipation was a high one. While the
casualties sustained by the military forces
of the Allies were nothing like as horrendous as those of World War I, the human
cost remains etched on British war memorials throughout the land as bulwarks
against ever-fading remembrance.
Civilian casualties, however, were a
totally new development. After a bloody
rehearsal for German dive-bombers in
Spain's civil war, in World War II the
Luftwaffe set out to destroy the enemy's
men, women and children in their
homes and workplaces, in their schools
and hospitals, making non-combatants
equally vulnerable as those wearing the
distinguishing garb of the warrior.
A civilian caught up in any contemporary conflict faces by far the greatest
risk of a violent death, injury or dispossession - in todays euphemistic jargon,
'ethnic cleansing'. Speaker of the House
of Commons, Betty Boothroyd, when
unveiling a plaque in the House remembering the saving of 10,000 mostly
Jewish children who found refuge in
Britain, rightly called it mass murder.
What of Kosovo and the Serbs? The
war from the air, which armchair generals predicted would have little serious
effect, did apparently secure the surrender of Yugoslavian forces. While
casualties were sustained by Yugoslav
soldiers and paramilitaries, there are reports of their 10,000 Kosovar victims
and a further 1,200 civilians killed by
Nato. Yet, in a war conducted from a
height of three miles and viewed
through the dispassionate computer displays of state-of-the-art technological
warfare, prior to the entry of Nato forces
into Kosovo not one Allied pilot or soldier was lost in battle. Paradoxically, at
the end of the twentieth century, rather
than remain a non-combatant, it appears
safer to join the armed services.
n Ronald Channing
PAUL BALINT AJR DAY CENTRE
Afternoon entertainment programme
JULY/AUGUST 1999
Thur
Sun
Mon
Tue
Wed
Thur
Sun
Mon
Tue
Wed
Tliur
Sun
Mon
Tue
1 Nicola Smedley accompanied by
Jan Cunningham, piano
4 DAY CENTRE OPEN - NO
ENTERTAINMENT
5 KARD & GAMES KLUB
6 Angela Arratoon accompanied
by Anthea Weale
7 Armand d'Anjour, cello.
accompanied by Isobel
Koprowski, piano
8 Debbie Bright, mezzo.
accompanied by Nicholas
O'Neil, piano
11 Carmen Lasok, soprano.
accompanied by Marek
Dabrowski, piano
12 K.\RD & GAMES KLUB
13 Amanda Palmer, opera
14 Rebecca Smith, soprano, & John
Taylor, baritone, accompanied
by Charlotte Ellis, piano
15 The Sing-Alongers
18 DAY CENTRE OPEN - NO
ENTERTAINMENT
19 KARD & GAMES KLUB
20 Helen Blake, voice and piano
Wed 21 The Frowde Family
Thur 22
Sun
25
Mon 26
Tue 27
Wed 28
Thur 29
Sun
1
Mon
Tue
3
Wed
4
2
accompanied by June Moore,
piano
DAY CENTRE CLOSED - TISHA
B'AV
DAY CENTRE OPEN - NO
ENTERTAINMENT
KARD & GAMES KLUB
Antonia Kendall, soprano,
accompanied by Geoffrey
Whirworth, piano
Katinka Seiner & Laszio Easton
accompanied by Malcolm Cottle,
piano
Cheryl Enever, soprano,
accompanied by Nicholas
O'Neil, piano
DAY CENTRE OPEN - NO
ENTERTAINMENT
KARD & GAMES KLUB
Katinka Seiner & Laszio Easton
accompanied by Peter Gellhorn,
piano
Jeanette Wainwright, soprano,
accompanied by Yeu-Meng
Chan, piano
f,-?;-""!!?;;
^%-y..
wimms'';yem>mmmimtssmmmmtxss,^m!mBmfmm\m^:
AJR I N F O R M A T I O N JULY 1999
FAMILY
ANNOUNCEMENTS
Deaths
R i e s e l . O s c a r Riesel, b o r n in
Vienna, passed away on 3 April
1999- D e e p l y m o u r n e d
and
missed by his d e v o t e d wife
Bobbi, son Nicky and daughter
Tania.
Jacoby.
Alice J a c o b y
died
s u d d e n l y a n d it w a s a great
s h o c k for all her friends. She
was a longstanding m e m b e r of
t h e AJR a n d voluntarily t o o k
care of the library. She was a
sweet and gentle person and is
very much missed by everyone
and her old friend Marianne.
CLASSIFIED
N e w Recorder
Optician
Margaret Ruth de Haas has been
appointed
Q.C.,
the
Derital Surgeon
first
Jewish woman in Liverpool so
honoured
since
Dame
Or H Alan Shields
Rose
&
Heilbron in 1949. Margaret is the
Chiropodist
granddaughter of the late Landesrahbiner
Mrs. Pringsheim, S.R.N.
MATRON
For Elderly, Retired and Convalescent
Dr Howard Solomons BSc FBCO
appointed Recorder. Last year she
was
TORRINGTON HOMES
Trevor Goldman SRC
Dr Philip de Haas of
by appointment ot
The Paul Balint AJR Day Centre
15 Cleve Road,West Hampstead, NW6
Oldenburg D
May I offer t o someone a
German produced Typewriter
Please make appointments with
Sylvia Matus.TehOni 328 0208
•Royal Adler'
In good condition Inherited
but n o t In use by myself
To collect f r o m my address by
previous arrangement,
evenings only
Tel: 0181 451 0 3 0 0
L I N K
Psychotherapy Centre
- 0 service for the Jewish Community
T h e C e n t r e offers g r o u p s f o r t h e 2 n d
and 3 r d g e n e r a t i o n a n d p s y c h o t h e r a p y ,
c o u n s e l l i n g a n d c o n s u l t a t i o n f o r i n d i - •.
viduals, families a n d o r g a n i s a t i o n s . Fees
are n e g o t i a b l e .
(Licensed by Borough oi Barnel)
•
•
•
•
•
Single a n d Double R o o m s .
H/C Basins a n d C H in all rooms.
G a r d e n s . T V a n d reading rooms.
Nurse o n duty 2 4 hours.
Long a n d short t e r m , including
trial period if required.
From £300 per week
0 1 8 1 - 4 4 5 1171 Office hours
0 1 8 1 -455 1335 Other times
NORTH FINCHLEY
BELSIZE SQUARE
APARTMENTS
24 BELSIZE SQUARE, NWS
Tel: 0171-794 4307 or
0171-435 2557
Enquiries t o 0181 349 0111
MODERN SELF-CATERING HOLIDAY
ROOMS, RESIDENT HOUSEKEEPER
MODERATETERMS
NEAR SWISS COTTAGE STATION
Typewriters and
rax Machines
Residential Home
Clara Nehab House
Societies
Quality repairs & servicing
(Leo Baeck Housing Associaton Lid.)
13-19 Leeside Crescent NWl 1
A s s o c i a t i o n o f J e w i s h ExBerliners. Plea.se contact Peter
Sinclair 0181 882 1638 for
information.
Carried o u t by
experienced engineer
Miscellaneous Services
M a n i c u r e & P e d i c u r e in t h e
comfort of y o u r o w n h o m e .
Telephone 0181 343 0976.
Please j o i n us
at
Sunday I I July
3pm to Spm
SWITCH ON ELECTRICS
Entrance £3 including tea
Rewires and all household
electrical work.
PHONE PAUL: 0181-200 3518
AJR INrORMATION
15 Cleve Road, N W 6
is available on tape
learning t o play Bridge
please contact:
ALTERATIONS
OF ANY KIND TO
LADIES' FASHIONS
I also design and make
children's clothes
West Hampstead area
0171-328 6571
If anyone w o u l d like t o take
advantage o f this service
please contact
Sylvia, Renee o r Susie
on 0171 328 0208
Free quotations & details from:
G o r d o n Spencer
T e l : O I 8 l 445 1839
L o n g & s h o r t T e r m - Respite C a r e •
Enquiries: Josephine Woolf
Otto Schiff Housing Association
The Bishops Avenue N2 OBG
Phone: 0181-209 0022
AJR MEALS O N WHEELS
A wide variety of high quality Uosher
frozen food is available, ready made and
delivered t o your door via the AJR meal*
on wheels service. The food is cooked in
our own kitchens in Cleve Road, N W 6 . by
our experienced staff.
If you live in N o r t h or N o r t h West London
and wish to take advantage of this service,
phone Susie Kaufman on 0171-328 0208
for details and an assessment interview.
atAJROI7l-43l-6l6l
AJR GROUP CONTACTS
Making aWill?
Please remember the AJR
Many former refugees
have found their association
with the AJR a rewarding one.
This is an opportunity to
support the
AJR Charitable Trust.
24 H o u r C a r e - Physiotherapy
Amanda Clark
Mon-Thur 9.30am - Spm
Though we cannot take our
worldly possessions with us, we
can see that whatever is left
behind goes where it will be
appreciated, do some good
and is needed.
D i n i n g R o o m - Lift
N e a r Shops and P u b l i c T r a n s p o r t
Trial Periods
'KARD &
GAMES KLUB'
If you are interested in
H / C Basins e n - s u i t e
Spacious G a r d e n - L o u n g e &
at
Balint House
T h e Bishop's A v e n u e
London N 2
BRIDGE
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W H Y
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INFORMATION?
Please telephone
the Advertisement Dept
Heinz Skyte
0113 268 5739
West Midlands:
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Edgar Glaser
0121 777 6537
North:
(Manchester)
Werner Lachs
0161 773 4091
East Midlands
(Nottingham)
Bob Norton
01159 212 494
Pinner:
Vera Gelhnan
(HA Postol District) 0181 866 4833
0171-431 6161
AJR
Teh 0171-431
Leeds HSFA:
6161
10
S. London:
Ken Ambrose
0181 852 0262
Surrey:
Ernest Simon
01737 643 900
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01202 762 270
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AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
R
embrandt created a long series of
self-portraits, dating from the early
years of his youth, when he felt
Somewhat insecure, to the
selfconfidence and prosperity he enjoyed in
•Tiid-career and finally to the mature and
deeply moving self-portraits of his late
years. The exhibition Rembrandt by
Himself, at the National Gallery until
September 5, assembles for the first time,
Some 30 self-portrait paintings, 8
•^'rawings and all 29 of the etchings,
Presenting a powerful \ision of images
^hat bear witness to a spiritual journey
^nd to an extraordinary grasp of the art
'^f portraiture, linniissable.
A Brush with Nature, also at the National Gallery, shows small-scale oil
''ketches on paper created by IS"" and
19* century artists working out of doors.
L>rawn from the collection of John and
Charlotte Gere, such sketches were not
Conceived as finished works of art, but
^ere painted quickly in order to capture
^i^btle atmospheric effects and the fleet"^8 play of light. Most instructive. Until
August 30.
The Popular Print in England, at the
British Museum until August 30. consists
'-'f a vast selection of ephemera produced
'''"om the 16"' to the mid-19* century, sold
cheaply in the streets and pasted on to
Cottage and tavern walls. The subjects of
hese prints mirror those of today's tab"^ids, such as crime, royalty, politics,
^3r, sex and comedy. Religious preju^'ce is well to the fore, especially
Against Roman Catholics and to a lesser
Extent Jews. Taste among the masses has
^^'idently changed little over the cen^^ries. Also at the British Museum is a
•^all display of drawings and etchings by
^astigUone (l609-l664), one of the most
•^novative printmakers of the Baroque
age.
Turners frequent travels to Paris and
along the Seine, particularly in the 1820s,
•^^ reflected in a superb exhibition
Turner o n the Seine at the Tate Clore
Waller)- until October 3. Brought together
the complete set of 40 gouache and
aiercolour views that were originally
^^blished as line-engra\ings, as well as
lively coloured studies. Turner's disnctive approach is seen in these images.
Rembrandt, Self Portrait al the age of 34,
Gallery, London
National
which demonstrate his understanding of
the essence of things and his power to
create an overall expressive impression.
A rare chance is provided to see Turner's
dramatic view of a destructive tidal wave
in The Mouth of the Seine 1833, on loan
from the Gulbenkian Museum in Lisbon.
To place Turner's Seine works in its
proper context, works by his contemporaries, such as Cotman and Girtin are also
included in the exhibition.
Hans Feibusch's ramshackle London
studio has now been re-created and is
open to visitors at the Palant House Gallery, Chichester. Many works never
before exhibited are on view.
his 'Aryan' wife, he remained in the DDR
after the war, getting ever more disillusioned as he witnessed the reawakening
of antisemitism and the almost nihilistic
attitude of the proletarian' intellectuals
then in vogue. Much more edifying is
Christiane Horbiger (Langen-Muller "Verlag), a vivid picture of the life of Paula
Wessely's and Attila Horbiger's middle
daughter. Christiane is to-day at the centre of screen and TV activities all over
Europe. A member of the Zurich Schauspielhaus for 17 years, where she worked
with Ernst Deutsch, Fritz Kortner and
other ex-refugee actors, she now seems
at the zenith of her career and has
homes in Zurich and Baden. Her international celebrity status gives great
pleasure to her ailing mother, now aged
92, who is living in self-chosen solitude
in Vienna.
A Memorial Tablet for H e r m a n n
Leopoldi has been affixed to the house
in Vienna's Schonbrunnerstrasse where
he used to live. Composer of scores of
song hits and top cabaret performer
Leopold (ne Kohn) emigrated to the
States, returned after the war and once
more attracted large audiences. He died
in 1959 •
Annely Juda Fine Art
23 Dering Street (off New Bond Street)
Tel: 0171 -629 7578 Fax: 0171 -491 2139
CONTEMPORARY PAINTING
AND SCULPTURE
n Barry Fealdman
SB's Column
M
e m o r i e s of Theresienstadt.
Vienna's Schonberg Centre recently devoted three evenings to
chamber music composed at the camp by
Gideon Klein, Pavel Haas, "Victor Ullmann
and others. The moving spirit behind
these performances was conductor Gerd
Albrecht who for years also set himself
the task of reviving music by Zemlinsky,
Hindemith, Schreker and Erich "Wolfgang
Korngold.
Books. A diary written by "Victor Klemperer, a relative of the famous conductor,
has been published by the German
Aufbau Veriag. The author meticulously
lists events of his life from 1945-1959 in
well over 1800 pages (2 volumes). Having survived the Nazi era with the help of
II
GERHIAN and
E]\GLISH BOOKJS
BOUGHT
Antiquarian, secondhand and
modern books of quality
always wanted.
We're long-standing advertisers
here and leading buyers of books
from AJR members.
Immediate response to your letter
or phone call.
We pay good prices and
come to collect.
Please contact:
Robert Hornung MA(Oxon)
2 Mount View, Ealing,
London W5 IPR
Telephone 0181-998 0546
(Spm to 9pm is best)
AJR INFORMATION JULY / 999
SEARCH NOTICES
Helene & Anni Knobel.The office of the
BiJrgermeJster of Hennef in the Rhineland
is researching the history of the local Jewish community and wishes to trace Helene
Knobel, born 12.4.1920, arrived in the UK
27.8.39 and Anni Knobel, born 3.6.1921,
arrived I 1.8.1939. The latter subsequently
changed her name to Orbell and was last
heard of in 1950. Any information should be
communicated to Frau Rupprath, Staatsarchiv, Beethovenstrasse 21,53773 Hennef
(Sieg) Germany.
Schnnulewltsch Family f r o m Leipzig
arrived Middlesborough 1936/7. Their
'Guisborough Shirt & Underwear Factory'
sold to Burton group 1952. Also Lina and
Peter (Adolf) Rochman. Lina on last
transport from Leipzig to Riga concentration camp February 1942. Peter (3
Humboldstr, Leipzig) lived in Middlesborough, Leeds and Manchester after
arrival in 1939. Any information appreciated
by Chaim Rochman, PO Box 40017
Mevasseret, Israel 90805. Tel: 0972 2534
4452 Fax: 0972 2522 3402.
Mid-European A r t Exhibition, Leicester 1944, sponsored by t h e Freie
Deutsche Kulturbund. containing works
from collections of local emigre community.
Courtauld Institute MA student seeks information for dissertation. Please contact
Lucy Williams, 4 Lapworth Close, Orpington, Kent BR6 9BW.Tel: 01689 833 769.
Lesser, Weiss & Stevens. Information is
being sought on S/Sgt Lesser (German), Sgt
Weiss (German) and L/Cpl Stevens (possibly Austrian) who served as interpreters in
Germany 1945-48. Please contact Henry
Morris, Archivist, AJEX, East Bank, Stamford
Hill, London N16 5RTTel: 0181 800 2844.
Heinz Flachs/Henry Fletcher who
served in the Pioneer Corps, born Berlin
C.I9I5 where his father was a kosher
butcher in Botzow Str., please contact R.
Golden,Tel:OI7l 435 9215.
Dresdners, 293 f o r m e r slave labourers at Goehle W e r k a m m u n i t i o n
factory, lived in Hellerberg camp November 1942 to March 1943, deported to
Auschwitz and 10 survived. Film researchers offer relatives in UK information and
copies of documentation. Known UK residents included M a r t h a & Rina Dawid,
Margarethe Arndt, Amalie Goldmann,
David & Feiga Steiger. Contact Ingrid
Silverman & Ulrich Teschner, Schuetzallee
45, 14169 Berlin, Germany Tel: 030 802 59
IID
FORTHCOMING EVENTS ~ JULY 1999
Thur
Sun
Mon
Tue
1 Lunchtime Recital: Anna
Safonova, violin, & Alvin
Mosey, piano, play Grieg,
Szymanowski & Bloch.
Sternberg Centre, 1.15pm,
£.2
4 Psychology & J e w i s h
Tradition: Stuart Linke &
Rabbi Jeffrey Newman.
Sternberg Centre, Spm
5 'Gemutliches
Beisanunensein' with
music & refreshment:
Club 43, 8pm
6 J e w i s h Magic & Kabbalah:
Judith Weill, Jewish
Museum, Camden Town,
Spm, ±4
Thur
8 Zion Mule Corps at
Gallipoli: Martin Sugarman,
AJEX. St Johns Wood
Tue
Thur
Synagogue, Grove End Road,
NWS, Spm
13 Three Salonikan Life
Histories: Bea Lewkowicz.
Jewish Museum, Finchley,
Spm, £2
15 Lunchtime Recital: Timothy
Peake, piano, plays Schubert
& Villa-Lobos. Sternberg
Centre, 1.15pm, £2
ORGANISATION CONTACTS
Club '43, at Belsize Square Synagogue.
Hans Seelig 01442 254 360
Jewish Museum, Camden Town,
129/131 Albert Street, NWl 7NB. Tel:
0171 284 1997 and at Sternberg Centre
Sternberg Centre for Judaism/
Jewish Museum, Finchley, 80 East
End Road, N3 2SY. Tel: 0181 346 2288/
349 1143
12
HOMECARE
SERVICE
The AJR is pleased to
offer members the benefit
of a pilot scheme for a
Homecare Service.
This new service is specifically
for members needing care at home
but requiring some financial assistance.
Applications will be assessed by the
Social Services team and a financial
contribution is expected from
each recipient.
For f u r t h e r i n f o r m a t i o n please
apply t o t h e Social Services
t e a m on 0171 431 6161
or by letter to
AJR Social Services
I Hampstead Gate,
I a Frognal, London N W 3 6 A L
SPRING
GROVE
214 Finchley Road
London NW3
London's Most Luxurious
RETIREMENT HOME
* Entertainment-Activities
^ Stress Free Living
* 24 Hour Staffing
* Excellent Cuisine
* Full En-Suite Facilities
Call for more Information
or a personal tour
0181-446 2117
or 0171-794 4455
Simon P. Rhodes M.Ch.S.
STATE REGISTERED CHIROPODIST
Surgehes at:
67 Kilburn High Road, NW6 (opp M&S)
Telephone 0171-624 1576
3 Queens Close (off Green Lane)
Edgware, Middx HAS 7PU
Telephone 0181-905 3264
Visiting chiropody service available
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
Stent's remembrance
of times past
Berlin, Summer 1935
I
had spent the summer of 1934 in •
London to test the waters and see
whether I would like to make a
Permanent
break.
However,
the
^motional umbilical cord binding me to
niy Germany was still troubling me and I
decided to return home for the time
being.
In March 1935 Germany introduced 'n flagrant breach of its solemn undertaking at Versailles - general conscription.
The first call-up was for those born in
I9l4 - my generation. To my utter surprise I received papers to submit myself
^o a thorough medical examination, at
^hich I was found to be in fine fettle. In
"ly birthday suit I was then conducted
"ito a large room, where I faced seven or
^'ght military gentlemen in full regalia
and decorations.
The senior officer, a full colonel, welcomed me politely. He did not seem to
'^ave noticed the tell-tale sign on my
lower anatomy showing the essential difference between myself and the other
Conscripts when congratulating me on
^ y physical state. He asked whether I
had any preference as to what arm of the
Services I wanted to join. I was naturally
Sobsmacked and pointed out to him that,
^s far as I knew, as a full Jew I was dis•^ualified. He looked somewhat puzzled
^nd shuffled his papers. He then replied
"1 a firm but friendly voice: "Don't you
•Relieve everything that the newspapers
*^11 you. Hier bestimmen wir, wir brau^hen solche strammen Kerle wie Sie." He
Continued: "I see now that you would
^ave to apply to be accepted. I am sure
you will do so, won't you?" "With that he
Shoved a piece of paper in front of me.
y then I was more befuddled and obe'ently put pen to paper. The Colonel
C'nce again asked whether I had any pref''ence. I said something about the
^^ftwaffe. •Fine", he said, 'but that
ould mean an engagement for five
years." i stuttered something about family
J'esponsibilities and we tlien agreed that,
ecause of a driving licence recently acMUired, the Leichte Tankwaffe (Armoured
*-orps) would be a suitable berth. "We
ook hands, he wished me good luck, I
got dressed and tottered out.
^ n due course I received a letter from
^ authorities stating that, in accordance
with paragraph so-and-so of Law suchand-such I was ineligible for service in
the Forces of the Reich.
This was the final push that I needed.
Three months later I was back in London
for good, feeling like the King of Saxony
who, when told in 1919 that he had to
vacate his throne, is supposed to have
said "Macht euch nun euern Dreck
aleene" (in future dig your own dirt).
Who knows? If the Colonel had prevailed, I might have had to fight the war
on the wrong side - Heaven forfend!
D To be continued
Child survivors to meet
in Prague
T
he 12th international conference of
Jewish children who survived the
Holocaust, entitled Bridges to the
Future, is to be held in Prague from
2nd-5th September. It is supported by
the Federation of Child Survivors of the
Holocaust and by the Hidden Children
Foundation.
The participants are those who in their
childhood survived in hiding, in ghettoes
or concentration camps, as well as those
who emigrated or were on children's
transports. An extensive programme will
include seminars and workshops (with
translation into English, French, etc),
tours of Prague and a ceremony at
Terezin.
Registration is shortly to close, but anyone wishing to attend should contact:
Hidden Child Praha, Slavikova 6, 130 00
Praha 3, Czech Republic. Tel: +420 2 627
2135/2136. Fax: +420 2 627 5721.
D EH Strach
50 YEARS A G O
THE SECOND GENERATION
Persons w h o are in the main the products of a
single society tend to accept as 'natural' most of the
things that are done there. As most of our parents'
lives were spent within one of the Continental
patterns of culture, we must expect them to live
more closely in accordance with that pattern than
with a new one t o which they were later
transplanted. It is only too natural that they should
speak German around Swiss Cottage.
In our predominantly middle class immigration, the
new arrival's status in society is often lower than in
his old country, for reasons quite independent of his
personal merit.
n Kenneth Ambrose,/yR /nformation, ju/y 1949
13
The
Portrait
Studio
Italiaander is a name recognised for artistic
excellence. Michael and Gan Italiaander.
painter and photographer, are known
internationally for their speciaUsed work in
the fieldof Portraiture Their commissioned
woik hangs in palaces and homes throughout
the world and is widely published
Portraits can be created in the studio, in the
home or your chosen location Care and
attention is given to your particular needs to
ensure the creation of an individual work of
art.
Old or damaged photographs can be restored
and finished in a variety of ways photogtaphically or as an oil painting or a
drawing.
ITALIAANDER
11 St Georges Mews. Primrose Hill
London NWl 8XE
Tel; 0171 722 9070 Fax: 0181 933 2989
BELSIZE SQUARE
SYNAGOGUE
51 BELSIZE SQUARE, NW3
We offer a traditional style of
religious service with Cantor,
Choir and organ
Further details can be obtained
from our synagogue secretary
Telephone 0171-794 3949
Minister: Rabbi Rodney J. Mariner
Cantor: Rev Lawrence H. Fine
Regular services: Friday evenings at 6.45 pm,
Saturday mornings at 10 am
Religion school: Sundays at 10 am to 1 pm
Space donated by Pafra
Limited
BELSIZE SQUARE SYNAGOGUE
51 Belsize Square, London N.W.3
Our communal hall is available for
cultural and social functions.
Tel: 0171-794 3949
AJR INFORMATION JULY 1999
Bicentenary mirage
NEWSROUND
Codebreakers' museum
Bletciiley Park, the secret World War II
codebreakers' centre which was said to
have shortened the war by years, is to
house a museum commemorating its
intelligence gathering, computing and
cryptology work. It was here that
Colossus, the world's first programmable
electronic computer, was developed and
cracked highly secret German military
codes.
Polish Crosses removed
On the orders of Poland's Interior
Minister, 300 crosses placed by Catholic
nationalists in Auschwitz in the past year
have been removed and a 100 metrewide protective zone established. The
main instigator, Kazimiertz Switon, was
arrested and charged with inciting racial
hatred and possessing explosives. The
papal cross from Birkenau, at which
Pope John Paul II celebrated mass in
1979, was not removed.
Child murder charges
Prominent Austrian neurologist, 83-yearold Dr Heinrich Gross, is being charged
with participation in the murder of some
700 children at a wartime children's clinic
in Vienna. Gross still possesses a collection of 400 of the victims' brains.
Pius' 'sainthood'
Critics of any move to canonise Pope
Pius XII recall that the former papal
nuncio in pre-war Germany failed to
condemn Nazi genocide against the Jews
despite having unrivalled sources of
information.
Slave labour talks
A Washington DC conference on slave
labour compensation, reports the Jewish
Chronicle, was attended by representatives of Germany, Israel, Belarus, the
Czech Republic, Poland, Russia and the
Ukraine, and hosted by the United States.
Representatives of Daimler-Chrysler, Volkswagen, Dresdner Bank, Deutsche Bank,
Siemens, BASF and Allianz also attended.
German firms have already established a
$1.7 billion Holocaust compensation fund.
B'nai B'rith's generosity
The Leo Baeck (Londonj Men's Lodge
has agreed to set aside a budget of a
quarter of a million pounds in the
coming year from which to support
worthy charitable causes in Israel, the
Ukraine and in the UK.
DRDC
T
wo hundred years ago Napoleon
Bonaparte, having just conquered
Egypt, led his army across the
Sinai desert. By mid-March 1799 he had
taken Gaza and Jaffa and laid siege to
Acre. On April l6 in the Emek Jezreel where Gideon and his three hundred
trumpeters put the host of Midian to
flight - a small French corps drawn up as
three squares routed a Turkish army sent
to relieve Acre. After that famous victory
Napoleon was confident Acre would
soon fall. From the summit of Mount
Tabor he laid plans to march on
Damascus and to overthrow the Turkish
empire.
Six years earlier the National Assembly
in Paris had finally decreed the emancipation of the Jews in France. Thereafter
as the revolutionary army, led by the
youthful Bonaparte, advanced into Italy it
tore down the gates of the ghettos. This
was no more than part of an enlightened
policy towards all oppressed by which
Napoleon secured popular support. But
for Jews to be treated like the rest of humanity was a most welcome departure.
Wherever he led his troops, as into
Egypt, Napoleon proclaimed his respect
for the religion and customs of those he
sought to bring under his dominion. So
when he anticipated an imminent conquest of Jerusalem he issued, on the first
day of Pesach 5559, a proclamation "To
the Rightful Heirs of Palestine: Israelites,
unique nation, whom in thousands of
years conquest and tyranny were able to
deprive of the ancestral land only, but
not of name and national
existence!...
Arise with gladness ye exiled!... A great
nation (France) hereby calls on you not
indeed to conquer your patrimony, nay,
only to take over that which has been
conquered and, with that nation's ivarranty and support, to maintain it against
all comers."
Alas, the walls of Acre withstood the
French cannons, and the plague claimed
3000 of Napoleon's men. In May 1799 he
raised the siege of Acre, withdrew his
army to Egypt and himself returned to
France, covering his thwarted eastern ambitions. But for a short report in the
official "Moniteur" before Napoleon's return, his proclamation to the Jewish
nation might have vanished from the historical record. Indeed, the full text of the
proclamation, probably issued in only a
few copies, was lost until 1940. Then a
contemporary translation fell into the
Published by the Association of Jewish Refugees in Great Britain. I Hampstead Gate. I A Frognal. London N W 3 6AL
Printed in Great Britain by Freedman Brothers (Printers) Ltd. London N W I I 7QB.
hands of Franz Kobler, a Vienna-born
refugee historian in London. That astonishing discovery is described in Kobler's
well-documented book (Napoleon and
the Jews, Schocken Book, 1976) the principal source of this account.
Napoleon's proclamation was a mirage
that vanished before the Jewish nation
was put to the test. Whether the time was
ripe is questionable. In the West assimila'
tion
was
rife,
driven
by
the
"Enlightment", and to the Chassidim in
the East Napoleon was no Moshiach. History repeated and fulfilled itself in 191^
when Allenby set out from Egypt to conquer Palestine. By then the Jewish
nationalism which Napoleon sought to
harness had been reborn.
D Otto Hotter
Emeritus Professor, University ofGlasgov/
Duisburg consecration
T
he new synagogue was built close
to a derelict harbour basin at a
cost of eleven million Deutschmarks. At first one is taken aback by the
sheer starkness of this futuristic 'cold
concrete block construction with five
concrete 'fingers' depicting the Five
Books of Moses as seen through the eyes
of its Israeli architect Zwi Hecker. (A f^f
cry from the old Duisburg synagogue,
torched in 1938.) Cantor Raphael Cohen,
especially summoned from Paris for the
occasion, sang with consummate artistryAfter the fixing of the mezuza, the carrying of three Torah scrolls, more prayers
and music, the 300 guests were ushered
into the adjacent communal hall ^ot
speeches by diverse VIPs. To me the
speeches seemed carefully honed between memories of the holocaust and
aspirations for the future. The increase o'
Jews in Germany from 30,000 to ovef
80,000 in recent years, was taken as evidence of further reconciliation between
Jews and Germans. The Duisburg congregation had increased from fewer than l4"
souls to well over 2000 in recent timesIts president, Jacques Marx, expressed
the wish to create a community more
'open' towards its Christian neighbours
and to bring about a renaissance ot
German-Jewish culture. Most of h'^
congregants are immigrants from beyond
the erstwhile Iron Curtain, where they
were persecuted and denied religious
freedom. To them present-day Germany
must be a welcome alternative.
D Werner Abraharrf
Tel: 0171 -431 6161
Tel: 0181 -458 3220
Fax: 0171-43! 8454
Fax: 0181 -455 6860
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