WiMAX Standards and Regulations Agenda

WiMAX Standards and Regulations Agenda
WiMAX Standards and Regulations
ITU/BDT Regional Seminar on Broadband Wireless Access
(BWA) for CIS, CEE and Baltic Countries
26-29 November 2007, Moscow (Russian Federation)
Turhan MULUK
Wireless Standards & Regulations Manager
EMEA Communication Team
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Agenda
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Broadband & Internet Penetration in Region
Intel’s Spectrum Policy
Standards
Intel Products and Roadmap
Applications
WiMAX Forum
Regulations
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1
Broadband Penetration in Region
CIS COUNTRIES
0.01 to 2.03
CEE & BALTIC COUNTRIES (Except EU Countries)
0.01 to 2.03
CEE & BALTIC COUNTRIES (Including EU Countries)
0.01 to 27.14
Internet Penetration in Region
CIS COUNTRIES
0.01 to 4.2
CEE & BALTIC COUNTRIES (Except EU Countries)
0.48 to 9.58
CEE & BALTIC COUNTRIES (Including EU Countries)
0.48 to 28.18
Source: International Telecommunications Union
*Third party marks and brands are the property of their
3 respective owners
Intel’s Spectrum Policy
• Sufficient Spectrum for operators
• Technology Neutrality
• Open, competitive licensing process
• Flexibility within licensed use
• Foster competition and innovation
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2
WiMAX Standards
WiMAX is defined as ‘Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access’
by the WiMAX Forum, officially known as WirelessMAN.
Standards
•
IEEE 802.16.2004 / ETSI Hiperman (June 2004)
(Fixed, Nomadic Application)
•
IEEE 802.16e (December 2005)
(Fixed, Nomadic, Mobile)
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WiMAX recognition in the ITU
Excellent progress has been made already in ITU:
IEEE 802.16d
• Technology recognised in ITU-R Recommendation F.1763
IEEE 802.16e
• Recognised in ITU-R Recommendation M.1801
IMT-2000 Family
• IEEE submitted a proposal to ITU WP8F in January 2007 for
the inclusion of Mobile WiMAX within the IMT-2000 Family.
• On 18th October 2007, ITU took a decision of global importance
to include WiMAX technology in the IMT-2000 Family.
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3
IMT-2000 Standards (six radio interfaces)
IMT-OFDMA TDD WMAN
• also known as WiMAX
IMT-DS Direct-Sequence
• also known as W-CDMA or UTRA-FDD, used in UMTS
IMT-MC Multi-Carrier
• also known as CDMA2000, the successor to 2G CDMA (IS-95)
IMT-TC Time-Code
• This comprises: UTRA TDD, TDD-SCDMA
IMT-SC Single Carrier
• also known as UWC, the best known implementation is EDGE
IMT-FT Frequency Time
• also known as DECT
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IMT-2000 technologies (3G) are
complementary
WiMAX and other 3G technologies will coexist
Each service provider’s distinct network environment and business
imperatives will determine which technology or mix of technologies
best meets their needs.
•
WiMAX is optimized for
IP-based high-speed wireless broadband.
•
Other 3G technologies optimized for
cellular voice and moderate data-rate applications
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4
Data Rate Comparison of 3G technologies
Peak Data Rates up to 70 M bit/s
(Source: ITU-R M.1801)
WiMAX peak data rates are 5X better than other 3G+
Technologies on systems tested
Fast upload and download speeds.
Source: WiMAX Forum (www.wimaxforum.org)
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Wireless Broadband Roadmap
2005
2006
2007
2008
2008
2009
2010 ++++
++++
3GPP: WCDMA (UMTS)
WCDMA
R.99
HSDPA
R5
HSUPA
R6
LTE
(OFDMA)
3GPP2: CDMA2000
1xEVDO
Rev 0
1xEVDO
Rev A
EVDO Rev
B
EVDO Rev C
(OFDMA)
WiMAX: 802.16/HiperMAN
WiMAX
802.16802.16-2004
ETSI HiperMAN
OFDM
Mobile WiMAX
802.16e802.16e-2005
SISO/OFDMA
Mobile WiMAX
SIMO/MIMO
Mobile WiMAX
AAS
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5
WiMAX Applications
WiWi-Fi
Mobile Broadband
complementary to
EDGE & 3G
802.16-2005
Fixed Broadband
complementary
to DSL & Cable
802.16-2004/2005
Fixed Broadband
for Backhauling
802.16-2004/2005
Nomadic Broadband
complementary to
WiFi, EDGE & 3G
WiFi
802.16-2004/2005
*Other brands and names are the property of their respective owners.
Anytime,
Anytime, Anywhere
Anywhere –
– Always
Always Broadband
Broadband
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WiMAX Opportunities
WiFi Hotspots
Education
Economic Vitality
(e-business, e-commerce)
Wireless
Broadband
Connectivity
Health Care
Digital Govt
Bridging the
Home Usage
Safety & Security
Digital Divide
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6
Why WiMAX is such a Big Deal?
It Represents a Shift to OFDM for Fixed and
Mobile
Delivered
Throughput
OFDMA
CDMA
SPECTRUM
EFFICIENCY
SIMPLIFIES
ADVANCED
RF TECHNIQUES
LEVERAGES
BANDWIDTH
OPTIMIZES
SPECTRUM
ALLOCATION
GSM
Early ’90s
Mid-’90s
Early ’00s
Mid-’00s
CDMA=Code Division Multiple Access, OFDM=Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplex
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Why WiMAX?
WiMAX Will Meet Emerging
Customer Needs
Established Customer
Demand
Broadband,
but Fixed
Mobile,
but Narrowband
Offering varying levels of Broadband
Data, Voice, & Video for Multiple
Devices and Usage Models
WiMAX
WiMAX offers
offers aa combination
combination of
of both
both
broadband
and
mobility
broadband and mobility
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Mobile WiMAX Ambulance Demo (Triple Play Service)
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Intel Developing WiMAX Chips
Rosedale-2: Optimized for
cost-effective WiMAX modems
Ofer-R: World’s First Single Chip
Wi-Fi / WiMAX Radio for Mobile
Devices
Baxter Peak: For Mobile
Internet Devices (UMPC)
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Intel silicon driving new devices
Fixed Modems
Mobile Notebooks
& handhelds
CE
20062006-2007
20072007-2008
2008+
Intel® WiMAX Connection 2250 Intel® Wi-Fi/WiMAX Module
Integrated Wi-Fi/WiMAX
Multi-mode Chipsets
World’s first combo Wi-Fi/WiMAX module
for Centrino Processor Technology notebooks in 2008
Intel may make changes to specifications, product descriptions, and plans at any time, without notice.
Other names and brands may be claimed as the property of others
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Ultra-Mobile PC + WiMAX = Mobile Internet
• Web surfing, e-mail
• MMS - Multimedia Messaging
Service - high quality image
• Instant Messaging
••
Push-type
Service
Full PC functionality
• Mail, image, ad & coupon
• Uncompromised
• VoIP, video-conference
internet
experience
• Gaming
– low
latency
A compact,
portable,
••
Music
on demand,
VOD
and affordable
package
• Location
Based Service
(GPS)
• On-line shopping
• IP TV (DVB-H)
• Safety alarm
• Emergency service
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WiMAX Forum (www.wimaxforum.org)
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•
•
The WiMAX Forum is an industry-led, non-profit corporation
Formed to promote and certify compatibility and interoperability of
broadband wireless products.
Member companies support the industry-wide acceptance of the
IEEE
802.16 and ETSI HiperMAN standards.
What this means?
For network operators; equipment interoperability across vendors
For component vendors; fewer product variations and higher
volumes
For end-users; faster and cheaper access that is more widely
available
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WiMAX Forum Members
Service Providers
Equipment Manufacturers
Lucent
Plus others not specifically listed here
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The WiMAX Forum Membership Growing!
Ecosystem/Applications/Content
Service Providers
522
System Vendors
Silicon/Component Suppliers
46
Spring 2004
Today
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WiMAX Forum Working Groups
Service Provider
Working Group (SPWG)
Mobile System
Requirements
Applications Working
Group (AWG)
Application
Requirements/Demos
Network Working
Group (NWG)
End to End Network
Specifications
Technical Working
Group (TWG) (MTG)
Air Interface Profiles
& Tests based on 802.16/ETSI
Certification Working
Group (CWG)
WiMAX
Certification Program
Regulatory Working
Group (RWG)
World Wide
Spectrum Policy
Marketing Working
Group (MWG)
Marketing/Membership/Events
Global Roaming Working Group
(GRWG)
Assure and Accelerate Global
Roaming
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WiMAX Spectrum
WiMAX (2.3/2.5 GHz, 3.5/3.7 GHz, 5.8 GHz)
Licensed
License
Exempt
Licensed
2.5 GHz
3.5 GHz
5.8 GHz
Mobile
Fixed / Nomadic
(mobile)
Fixed / Nomadic
Current WiMAX
Forum Profiles
Plans for profiles include
below 1 GHz
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WiMAX Certification
•
Certification program started mid-2005
•
Certified products comply with the standards and they
interoperate with certified products from other vendors.
•
31 Certified products (fixed/nomadic)
•
Mobile WiMAX products are ready and certification will begin
in first quarter of 2008.
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Certification Labs
• AT4 Lab (Spain) – Lead Lab Opened August ’05
• TTA(Korea) – Oct ’07
• AT4 (US) – Oct ’07
• CATR (China) 16d – April ’07 , 16e – Nov ’07/Dec’07
• ADT Taiwan Lab – Nov ’07, 2nd Lab July ’08
• Additional Labs in ‘08: India, Japan
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WiMAX
300+ Trials / 100+Commercial Deployments
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Nationwide WiMAX Networks
• United States – 2008 – Sprint Nextel and Clearwire
• Pakistan – August 2007 - Buraq Telecom, Wateen Telecom and MyTel
• Kingdom of Bahrain – 4Q 07 - Mena Telecom
• Russia - The company plans to extend wireless Internet, or WiMax,
coverage to 330 cities by 2010 - Summa Telecom
• Chile – March 2007 – Telmex
• Taiwan – June 2008 - Vastar Cable and Vmax Telecom
• Brazil – Currently Regional, plans to expand to national – Neovia
• Argentina – Migrating CDMA to WiMAX network in 2007 – Telmex
• Iraq – September 2007 - Kalimat Telecom
…
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Mobile WiMAX Status
• Commercial service in Korea
• Sprint launching early ’08, USA
•
Summa Telecom, Russia 2007
• Japan licenses end of ’07
• UK licences next year
• Norway licenses next year
• Sweden licences next year
• Austria Public Consultancy
• and others…
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Mobile WiMAX is real $billions invested….at 2.5 GHz band
Sprint
Sprint Nextel
Nextel Corp.
Corp. (NYSE:
(NYSE: S)
S)
th
today
today[8
[8thAug
Aug‘06]
‘06]announced
announcedits
its
plans
plans to
to develop
develop and
and deploy
deploy the
the
first
fourth
generation
first fourth generation (4G)
(4G)
nationwide
nationwide broadband
broadband mobile
mobile
network.
network. The
The 4G
4G wireless
wireless
broadband
broadband network
network will
will use
use the
the
mobile
WiMAX
(Worldwide
mobile
WiMAX
(Worldwide
Interoperability
Interoperability for
for Microwave
Microwave
Access)
Access) IEEE
IEEE 802.16e-2005
802.16e-2005
technology
technologystandard.
standard.
“Mobile WiMAX…delivers
four times the throughput of
other wireless technologies
at up to one-tenth the cost.”
• Sprint PR details
Sprint
–Sprint to deploy mobile WiMAX in '07, launch services in '08
–100M+ POPs covered by the end of '08
–Intel to supply technology for laptops and other computing devices
We believe this is a “inflection point” for mobile WiMAX
deployments29worldwide.
KT (Korea Telecom) Mobile WiMAX Application
Commercial Mobile WiMAX service since June 2006
Mobile TPS (Triple Play Service)
• Communication : Fixed mobile convergence communicator
including SMS, MMS, chatting, VoIP, video conferencing
• Data : Mobile internet access
• Media : Real-time media service (VoD, MoD),
Personal media blog
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Fixed, Nomadic and Mobile ITU-R
Recommendation F.1399-1
4.1.2 Fixed Wireless Access
Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user
termination and the network access point to be connected to the enduser are fixed.
4.1.3 Mobile Wireless Access
Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user
termination is mobile.
4.1.4 Nomadic Wireless Access
Wireless access application in which the location of the end-user
termination may be in different places but it must be stationary while
in use.
Strict implementation of this definitions constrain innovations / limit
convergence
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2.5 – 2.69 GHz (IMT-2000 Band)
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•
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WiMAX is IMT-2000 Standard
TDD is optimized for data
TDD disadvantaged over FDD
2.5 GHz is excellent for Mobile WiMAX
Open 2.5 GHz to WiMAX, this could be done as a first step within the
TDD 50 MHz central gap.
Regulatory framework for 2.5 GHz enabling WiMAX is necessary
2.5 GHz
70
70 MHz
MHz
Frequency
FrequencyDivision
DivisionDuplex
Duplex
50
50 MHz
MHz
Time
TimeDivision
DivisionDuplex
Duplex
70
70 MHz
MHz
2.69 GHz
Frequency
FrequencyDivision
DivisionDuplex
Duplex
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Bandwidth & Business
• Economic viability of a service provider’s business case is highly
sensitive to the size of the spectrum allocation license
• Spectrum available for deployment determines base station capacity
• Capacity constraints accelerate the need to split cells
• Excessive cell splitting causes significant operating and financial
issues for operators
–
–
–
–
–
Increases capital and operating expenses resulting in increased cost to deliver data
Additional cells increase interference issues for subscribers
Creates quality of service issues for subscribers
Limits operators from providing high bandwidth applications such as video and music
downloads
Limits the number of subscribers that can be served by the operator
Increased bandwidth enhances overall efficiency of
the network and reduces cost of network deployment
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Innovative and technology neutral
framework required!
• WiMAX needs access to licenced spectrum: 2.5 GHz
(mobile WiMAX)
WiMAX)
• WiMAX needs access to Licensed spectrum: 3.4 – 3.8
GHz
• WiMAX needs some LicenseLicense-Exempt spectrum: 5.8
GHz
WiMAX is not asking for special treatment; just equality!!
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Conclusion
• Broadband is vital for the development.
• Economical, easy, faster high performance solution (IPR-Intellectual
Property Right advantage).
• WiMAX is the solution for personal true broadband mobile service.
• WiMAX is real, not hype. Deployed and changing lives.
• Approved by ITU as IMT-2000 standard (3G).
• WiMAX can be applied simultaneously, both in developing and
developed countries.
•Competition at broadband market (driving end user prices down)
To benefit, regulations and spectrums should be ready.
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www.intel.com
turhan.muluk@intel.com
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