IB 8.38 UVTS-N Aug 03
Avery Dennison® UVTS-NazDar
Ultraviolet Curable Printing Inks
Instructional Bulletin 8.38
Revised 08/2003
General Processing Guidelines
Substrate/Ink Compatibility
Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Ink is a one-component, UV curable ink system. Only Avery Dennison Reflective
Sheeting, manufactured by Avery Dennison Corporation and approved for use in the traffic signage market is warranted
for use with Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar inks. UVTS-NazDar ink and required overprint clear or Avery Dennison OL1000 Premium Anti-Graffiti Overlaminate is warranted for 10 years on T-6500 and T-7500 MVP (including fluorescent
colors) reflective sheeting.
Substrate Conditioning
For best results, sheet stock should be allowed to stabilize under shop humidity and temperature conditions for 24 hours
before a run is started. Refer to IB # 8.00 for more information.
Ink Preparation
All inks arrive press ready-to-use. All ink must be mixed with a high-speed mixer for 10 minutes before use.
Since Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Ink contains no solvents, there will be no evaporation during the course of the day
or premature drying in the screen. The use of thinner / retarder is not required in the UVTS-NazDar Ink system.
Use only dark polyethylene plastic containers for mixing and storing. Keep containers tightly closed when not in use. Allow
at least 10% airspace between the surface of the ink and the container lid. This air pocket extends the shelf life of the ink.
The UVTS-NazDar Ink warranty provides for five (5) years of outdoor durability when creating custom blends using
standard traffic colors and Overprint Clear. Custom color matches made with additional components (other than standard
traffic or mixing colors) are not warranted.
Product Color Range:
Yellow
Black
Orange
Blue
Green
Stop Sign Red
Brown
Overprint Clear
Mixing Clear
Screen Wash
IB # 8.38 — Page 1
Answer Line: 800-443-9380
UVTS-NazDar Printing Inks continued…
Mesh Recommendations
Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Inks offer a full range of traffic colors. Each pigment has been carefully selected to provide
brilliantly clean transparent traffic colors with outstanding reflectivity when printed on Avery Dennison Reflective Sheeting.
UVTS-NazDar Ink formulations have been matched to meet ASTM D 4956 color and reflectivity requirements when
printed through a 305 (120cm) monofilament polyester (34µ thread diameter) with 18-24 N/cm mesh tension mesh
screen. Reflectivity on Avery Dennison Reflective sheeting screened with UVTS-NazDar Ink is warranted to achieve 70%
of the ASTM value for the corresponding color.
Squeegee Selection
A medium -hard (70-90/) durometer polyurethane squeegee blade is recommended. A sharp squeegee with the proper
amount of pressure is required for optimum print resolution on all applications. Slight imperfections in the squeegee will be
readily visible in the quality of the print. Thus, the condition of the squeegee and proper squeegee maintenance are a
must. The squeegee blade must also be positioned at the correct angle to assure proper ink transfer.
Press Selection
To ensure consistent, reproducible color and reflectivity throughout the entire printing run, a fully or semi-automatic press
is recommended. Care must be taken to ensure other printing variables, such as screen tension, mesh selection, etc., are
consistent with the recommendations presented in this process guide.
Squeegee Technique
Most squeegee related problems are created by applying too much squeegee pressure. Any time the squeegee has
enough pressure applied to bend the blade or severely change the angle, the proper “cutting edge” of the blade will
be lost.
The lower the durometer of the squeegee, the more prone it will be to distortion from excess pressure. To mitigate this
issue, a 70-90 durometer squeegee is recommended. The 70-90durometer surface will contact the ink and screen to
allow proper ink deposition and reduce screen wear from excessive abrasion.
Caution should also be exercised to ensure the screen frame is sufficiently larger than the print area. If the squeegee
edge is too close to the frame, the screen will not stretch properly and uniformly during printing. This will cause the
outside edges of the squeegee to bend with the pressure required to maintain substrate contact. The end result will be
poor print quality.
Use of a Flood Stroke
Most screen printing mechanics require the use of a flood coat prior to the print (squeegee) stroke to assure consistency
in color development and print resolution. At the proper printing viscosity, Avery Dennison UVTS Universal inks will have
excellent flow characteristics; therefore, a heavy flood will significantly add to the amount of ink deposited resulting in poor
reflectivity and color. To prevent excess ink deposit a tight or minimal ink flood is recommended with little or no
IB # 8.38 — Page 2
Answer Line: 800-443-9380
UVTS-NazDar Printing Inks continued…
time between flood and print strokes. For an automatic or semi-automatic press, the flood / print mode is
recommended. Too much flood will smear small printed copy. A heavy flood coat will result in printing up to 50% more
ink through the mesh, which will adversely affect color and reflectivity.
Curing
Assuming proper printed ink film thickness, Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Inks are formulated to cure when exposed to a
focused, medium pressure mercury vapor lamp set at 300 watts per inch at a belt speed of 30-50 ft/min. Typically, 250300 mJ/cm 2 can be obtained using the above curing recommendations If the required level of energy output is not
attainable at the stated conditions, it is recommended that the unit is inspected and the UV bulbs are cleaned to maximize
energy output. If problems persist, please contact the equipment manufacturer. NOTE: Clearcoat requires 250 to 300
mJ/cm2 for complete cure and can be printed or rollercoated.
It is important to keep the surface temperature of the sheeting under 110°F when curing UV inks. The routine use of some
type of temperature indicator placed directly on the surface of the sheeting will allow you to properly check actual
temperatures reached in the curing cycle.
Ink/Clear Coat Adhesion Test
After all adjustments to the printing press have been made, print a sample on the production sheeting. Place the printed
sign onto the belt and pass through the UV curing unit. The curing unit should be adjusted and set to the initial energy
setting recommended in this bulletin, under the section Curing.
Test the ink adhesion on the printed sign every 4” across the bulb width by scratching the surface with a dime and
conducting a cross-cut test (as outlined in ASTM D3559 Method B). It is recommend that Scotch #610 tape be used for
this test. The tape should remain on the sign for 60 seconds and then be removed with a quick pull at a 90 degree angle
to the sign.
If the ink can’t be scratched off with a coin or removed with the tape then proceed with the production run. However, if the
ink can be scratched or removed from the sign then the ink is not properly cured. In this case, the UV cure unit settings
need to be adjusted and the above test repeated.
Adhesion testing also needs to be evaluated for the required clear coat print over the ink color. The above guidelines
need to be repeated for proper testing of the clear coat printed over the top of the properly cured color print. If poor
adhesion continues please contact an Avery Dennison representative for assistance.
Clear Coating
For 10 year outdoor durability of the ink, clear coating using Overprint Clear UVTS25 is required.
Additionally, OL-1000, when laminated over standard UVTS-NazDar Ink traffic colors, will extend the outdoor durability to
10 years.
IB # 8.38 — Page 3
Answer Line: 800-443-9380
UVTS-NazDar Printing Inks continued…
Ink Clean-up
Screens and other printing equipment should be cleaned immediately with Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Screen Wash
or as soon as possible after use. Though UV inks will not cure in the screen like solvent inks, they are susceptible to
premature cure if exposed to ambient UV light, such as direct sunlight. Exposure to less UV intensive light sources, such
as interior lighting, should not be a problem provided the screen is not left unattended for a prolonged period. The ink can
be left in the screen for short periods of time, such as a lunch break, without causing cleaning problems, provided the
screen is not exposed to direct sunlight.
Screens used to print Avery Dennison UVTS-NazDar Inks are cleaned like screens used for standard solvent inks. The
ink should be removed from the print screen using UVTS-NazDar Screen Wash and clean-up rags. Do not re-use ink that
is removed from the screen.
Caution: Wearing gloves, safety glasses, and other safety equipment is required when working with inks and cleaning solvents.
Warranty:
WARRANTY: All statements, technical information and recommendations about Avery Dennison products are based upon tests believed to be reliable
but do not constitute a guarantee or warranty. All Avery Dennison products are sold with the understanding that Purchaser has independently
determined the suitability of such products for its purposes. Avery Dennison products are warranted to be free from defects in material and
workmanship for either one year (or the period stated on the specific product inform ation literature in effect at time of delivery, if longer) from date of
shipment if said product is properly stored and applied. It is expressly agreed and understood that Avery Dennison's sole obligation and Purchaser's
exclusive remedy under this warranty, under any other warranty, express or implied, or otherwise, shall be limited to repair or replacement of
defective product without charge at Avery Dennison's plant or at the location of product (at Avery Dennison's election), or in the event replacement or
repairs is not commercially practical, to Avery Dennison's issuing Purchaser a credit reasonable in light of the defect in the product.
Avery Dennison's liability for defective products shall not exceed the purchase price paid therefore by Purchaser and in no event shall Avery Dennison
be responsible for any incidental or consequential damages whether foreseeable or not, caused by defects in such product, whether such damage
occurs or is discovered before or after replacement or credit, and whether or not such damage is caused by Avery Dennison's negligence.
NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES AND NO IMPLIED WARRANTIES, WHETHER OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS
FOR ANY PARTICULAR USE, OR OTHERWISE (EXCEPT AS TO TITLE), OTHER THAN THOSE EXPRESSLY SET
FORTH ABOVE WHICH ARE MADE EXPRESSLY IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, SHALL APPLY TO
PRODUCTS SOLD BY AVERY DENNISON. AVERY DENNISON SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS AND EXCLUDES ALL
OTHER SUCH WARRANTIES. NO WAIVER, ALTERATION, ADDITION OR MODIFICATION OF THE FOREGOING
CONDITIONS SHALL BE VALID UNLESS MADE IN WRITING AND MANUALLY SIGNED BY AN OFFICER OF AVERY
DENNISON.
Avery Dennison , 6565 W. Howard, Niles, IL 60714, USA, 1-800-327-5917, www.reflectives.averydennison.com
IB # 8.38 — Page 4
Answer Line: 800-443-9380
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