QP, QPXU Battery Chargers - Quick Charge Corporation
O PERAT IN G
INS TRUCTIONS
QP, QPXU Battery Chargers
For Industrial Use : Designed for gel, wet cell, AGM, and Lithium Ion Batteries
(Lithium ion applications must b e factory programmed)
Quick Charge Corp.
800 658-2841
e-mail quickcharge@icnet.net
www.quickcharge.com
Made in the U.S.A
101712
NOTE: It does not matter what position the meter switch is in. It is
for viewing and not operating.
EQUALIZATION:
When using multiple batteries in a series string, cells become
uneven during charge and discharge cycles. At least once a month
perform two charge cycles back to back, this will give a chance for
cells that are lagging behind to catch up, and is important to overall
battery performance. NOTE: This only needs to be done when
using the wet cell or AGM settings with a standard, or extended
gassing/absorption cycle. (Switch #1 ON).
SAFETY INFORMATION AC WIRING:
Before making AC connections, refer to the requirements on the
charger ID label. If your charger is not equipped with an AC plug,
for example, a 230 volt charger, have a qualified electrician install
one.
To reduce the risk of fire, use this charger only on branch circuits
that are protected by a circuit breaker or fuse, and that are adequate
to carry the power drawn by the charger. All wiring should be in
accordance with the National Electric Code, ANSI/NFPA 70, and
all local codes and ordinances.
This battery charger must be grounded to reduce the risk of electric
shock. 117 volt chargers are equipped with a grounding type plug,
230 volt chargers are shipped without a plug. Have a qualified
electrician install a properly grounded 3 wire plug.
DO NOT USE THIS CHARGER ON A TWO POLE
UNGROUNDED OUTLET OR ATTEMPT TO BREAK OFF
THE GROUND PRONG FOR USE ON A RECEPTACLE OR
EXTENSION CORD NOT HAVING A GROUND.
If an extension cord must be used, make sure it is in good
condition. Use a three conductor cord no smaller than the size
being used on the charger, and keep it as short as possible. The use
of an improper extension cord could result in a risk of a fire or
electric shock. Locate all cords so that they will not be stepped on,
tripped over, or otherwise subjected to damage or stress.
OTHER SAFETY INFORMATION
Do not use charger if it shows signs of physical stress, or if DC
output leads or connector feel hot when used.
Do not disconnect the DC output clamps, or connector from the
batteries when the charger is on. The resulting arcing could cause
the batteries to explode.
Do not expose charger to rain.
The charger will become hot during use, provide adequate air flow
around it. Do not place charger on cloth or vinyl seats, blankets, or
around any other obstructive materials. Do not place charger
against walls, allow 12” of space on all sides.
BATTERY SAFETY & CARE INFORMATION
Always wear protective eye shields and clothing when working
with batteries. Batteries contain acids which can cause bodily
harm. Do not put wrenches or other metal objects across the
battery terminal or battery top. Arcing or explosion of the battery
can result. Do not wear jewelry when working around batteries.
Arcing can cause severe burns.
The tops of the batteries and battery hold downs must be kept clean
and dry at all times to prevent excessive self discharge and flow of
current between the battery post and frame.
With wet cell batteries, maintain the proper electrolyte level by
adding water when necessary. Never allow the electrolyte level to
fall below the top of the battery plates. Electrolyte levels fall
during discharge and rise during charging. Therefore, to prevent
the overflow of electrolyte when charging, add water only after
the batteries have been fully charged, or just enough to cover
the plates if discharged. Old batteries require more frequent
additions of water than do new batteries.
Do not over discharge batteries. Excessive discharge can cause
polarity reversal of individual cells resulting in complete battery
failure. Re-charge batteries as soon as possible after a deep
discharge, but not if they are warm, allow a cooling down period.
Provide adequate ventilation when charging batteries. Chargers can
ignite flammable materials and vapors. Do not use near fuels,
grain, dust, solvents, or other flammables.
Do not charge batteries in excessively hot temperatures; wait till
the cool of the evening.
PRE CHARGE INFORMATION
Before connecting the charger to the batteries, make sure the
battery pack is of the same voltage rating of the charger. If you are
unsure, count the number of cells on the battery pack and multiply
by two. This figure should be the same as the DC voltage rating of
the charger. (see ratings label on charger)
Make sure the AC cord, DC output leads, terminals,
connectors, or clamps are all in good working condition. Do not
use the charger if there are any signs of stress or damage, or if
wires are cut or have damaged insulation. Using this charger with
any of these symptoms could result in a fire, property damage, or
personal injury. Have a qualified service person make the
necessary repairs. Repairs should not be made by people who are
not qualified.
Illustration of series and parallel battery connections.
Parallel
When batteries are connected in
Parallel the battery amp hour
capacity is additive and the
voltage remains the same.
Example: two 180 amp hour
12 volt batteries would equal
12 volts and 360 amp hour capacity
Series
When batteries are connected in
Series the voltage is additive and
the battery amp hour
capacity remains the same.
Example: two 180 amp hour
12 volt batteries would equal
24 volts and 180 amp hour capacity
REPROGRAMMING:
Disconnect the charger from the batteries, and unplug the power
cord. Remove the sheet metal screws holding the cover on.
Select the switch configuration that most closely matches your
application. Whether choosing maintenance mode, or shut off is a
personal preference, however the maintenance mode assures
batteries will remain charged and won’t self discharge.
IMPORTANT: Use switch numbers as a guide, as some boards
may be upside down, and reversed.
NOTE: The #1 position is designated for batteries requiring long
finish rates. If your performance is poor, it could be the batteries
are being undercharged. Verify with specific gravity readings on
wet cells. US Battery, and Full River are two brands that benefit
from longer charge cycles.
TROUBLES HOOTING
Symptom
No voltage reading on
meter when connected
to battery, and the LED
flashes red/green.
Cause
Corrective Action
Connected reverse to
battery, or not connected
to battery.
Correct polarity, or
connect to battery. On
chargers having a white
and black wire, white is
positive.
Break in DC cord, or
connector.
Have a qualified person
make repair.
Battery too dead to
charge.
Replace.
When switched on, the
red LED does not light,
and no amps read on
meter
The panel mount fuse is
blown.
Replace with one having
the same rating.
There is no AC power
present at the plug.
Check that there is
power at the source. If
using an extension cord,
check that it is not
damaged.
When I put a volt meter
across the output of the
charger there is no
power coming out when
I switch it on.
The charger must be
connected to a battery to
turn on.
The batteries don’t
receive a full charge. On
wet cells, the specific
gravity will not rise to a
full reading after the
charge has completed.
The charger is too small
for the battery.
Check that the charger’s
output is about 10% of
the amp hour rating of
the battery.
The charge profile is not
set correctly.
Recheck the dip switch
setting. If in doubt,
contact us.
The cycle needs more
time.
If you have a 4 position
switch, switch #1
position ON.
The battery is defective.
Replace.
The battery voltage
reads well below the
rating of the battery, and
when powered up the
LED is red with a
yellow flash, and the
amps are less than 5.
The battery is very low,
and the charger is in a
slow charge phase until
the voltage rises to a safe
level before full turn on.
Leave connected, it may
take hours, but if the
voltage rises even a little
bit, it should recover,
and turn the charger full
on. (Do not allow your
batteries to deep
discharge, it is the
number one cause of
premature battery
failure.)
When switched on, the
LED flashes red/yellow,
and there is no amp
output on the meter
Charger and battery
voltage mismatch
Connect the charger to a
battery(s) with the same
voltage rating.
The charger blows it’s
fuse, or branch circuit
fuse/circuit breaker as
soon as it’s switched on.
Charger is shorted
Contact factory.
The charger blows the
branch circuit
fuse/circuit breaker a
short while after being
switched on.
The branch circuit is too
small.
Relocate charger to a
branch circuit with a
heavier rating, or
remove other loads on
the circuit.
Batteries use water, get
hot, or smell.
One or more dead cells.
Replace batteries. If
charging in a series
string, it is best to
replace all the batteries
rather than mix new with
old.
Dip switch not set
correctly.
If shallow discharging,
check that the dip switch
is not set to standard, or
extended cycle.
The batteries are
sulfated.
Sometimes batteries can
be recovered. Leave the
charger on for some
hours, if the voltage falls
and the current begins to
rise, it may be able to be
recovered.
Voltage rises quickly on
battery(s) and the amps
fall fast even though
they are dead.
After a full charge the
LED is green with a
yellow flash
The batteries did not
reach 80% charge in 12
hours, or did not reach
minimum voltage, and
the charger timed out.
The charger is too small
for the batteries.
Batteries are beginning
to age.
Sometimes running a
second cycle will
achieve full charge, but
battery replacement, or a
larger charger may be
needed.
QUICK CHARGE QP Battery Chargers
“LIMITED WARRANTY”
Quick Charge Corporation warrants the QP line of chargers for three (3) years from the date of
purchase. After the warranty period, chargers returned to the factory for repair will be charged a
minimum rate of $25.00. Charger will be returned, freight and repair charges, C.O.D. unless other
arrangements have been made. This warranty covers all defects in manufacture and
performance, provided the unit is operated in compliance with manufacture’s operating
instructions.
For repairs to be made at the Quick Charge factory, a charger and/or component(s) should be
sent, freight prepaid to Quick Charge at::
Quick Charge Corp.
1032 S.W. 22nd St.
Oklahoma City, OK. 73109
Quick Charge, will at it’s option, repair or replace the charger or component in question. The
repaired item will then be returned, freight prepaid by Quick Charge. This warranty is void if the
charger or component have been altered, changed, or repaired by anyone not authorized by
Quick Charge, or if the charger or component, have been subjected to misuse, negligence, or
harsh environmental conditions. (Except those chargers designed for such conditions)
If returning the charger to the factory is not practical, replacement parts may be shipped to the
customer for field repair at no charge. On parts such as circuit boards, the customer will be
required to return the board suspected to be defective to Quick Charge, freight prepaid. If such
defective parts are not returned, the customer will be invoiced for the repair parts. Field repairs
are made at the user’s own risk. “Authorization” by Quick Charge to repair refers to maintaining
the warranty only. Quick Charge assumes no responsibility or liability for field servicing, and shall
not be responsible for incurred travel or labor charges.
Quick Charge corporation shall not in any event be liable for the cost of any special, indirect or
consequential damages to anyone, product or thing. This warranty is in lieu of all other warranties
expressed or implied. Quick Charge neither assumes nor authorizes any representative or other
person to assume for us any liability in connection with the sale of this product.
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