Chapter 1 Configuring Basic Connectivity

Chapter 1 Configuring Basic Connectivity
Chapter 1
Configuring Basic Connectivity
This chapter describes the settings for your Internet connection and your wireless local area
network (LAN) connection. When you perform the initial configuration of your wireless router
using the Resource CD as described in the NETGEAR Wireless-N Router Setup Manual, these
settings are specified automatically for you. This chapter provides further details about these
connectivity settings, as well as instructions on how to log in to the router for further
configuration.
Note: NETGEAR recommends using the Smart Wizard™ on the Resource CD for initial
configuration, as described in the NETGEAR Wireless-N Router Setup Manual.
This chapter includes the following sections:
• “Using the Setup Manual” on page 1-1”
• “Logging In To Your Wireless Router” on page 1-2
• “Configuring Your Internet Connection Using the Smart Setup Wizard” on page 1-5
• “Viewing and Configuring Basic ISP Settings” on page 1-5
• “Setting Up and Testing Basic Wireless Connectivity” on page 1-10
Using the Setup Manual
For first-time installation of your wireless router, refer to the NETGEAR Wireless-N Router Setup
Manual. The Setup Manual explains how to launch the NETGEAR Smart Wizard on the Resource
CD to step you through the procedure to connect your router, modem, and computers. The Smart
Wizard will assist you in configuring your wireless settings and enabling wireless security for your
network. After initial configuration using the Setup Manual, you can use the information in this
User Manual to configure additional features of your wireless router.
For installation instructions in a language other than English, refer to the language options on the
Resource CD.
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Logging In To Your Wireless Router
When the wireless router is connected to your network, you can access and configure the router
using your browser.
To access the router:
1. Connect to the wireless router by typing http://www.routerlogin.net in the address field of
your browser, and then press Enter. A login window displays.
Figure 1-1
Tip: You can connect to the wireless router by typing either of these URLs in the
address field of your browser, and then pressing Enter:
•
http://www.routerlogin.net
•
http://www.routerlogin.com
If these URLs do not work, you must type the IP address of the router, for
example, http://www.192.168.1.1.
2. Enter admin for the router user name and your password (or the default, password). For
information about how to change the password, see “Changing the Administrator Password”
on page 2-21.
Note: The router user name and password are not the same as any other user name or
password you might use to log in to your Internet connection.
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The Checking for Firmware Updates screen appears unless you previously cleared the Check
for Updated Firmware Upon Log-in check box.
Figure 1-2
If the router discovers a newer version of firmware, the message on the left displays when you
log in. If no new firmware is available, the message on the right displays.
Figure 1-3
To automatically update to the new firmware, click Yes to allow the router to download and
install the new firmware file from NETGEAR.
Warning: When uploading firmware to the WNR2000 router, do not interrupt the
Web browser by closing the window, clicking a link, or loading a new
page. If the browser is interrupted, it could corrupt the firmware.
When the upload is complete, your router automatically restarts. The update process typically
takes about 1 minute.
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3. In the main menu on the left, select Basic Settings under Setup. The Basic Settings screen
displays showing the wireless router’s home page and suggested default settings.
Figure 1-4
Note: If the Check for New Version Upon Log-in check box is selected, the home
page is the Router Upgrade screen. Otherwise, it is the Basic Settings screen.
If the wireless router is connected to the Internet, you can select Knowledge Base or
Documentation under Web Support in the main menu to view support information or the
documentation for the wireless router.
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If you do not click Logout, the wireless router will wait for 5 minutes after no activity before
it automatically logs you out.
Configuring Your Internet Connection Using the Smart Setup
Wizard
You can manually configure your Internet connection using the Basic Settings screen, or you can
allow the Smart Setup Wizard to determine your Internet Service Provider (ISP) configuration.
The Smart Setup Wizard searches your Internet connection for servers and protocols to determine
your ISP configuration.
To use the Smart Setup Wizard to assist with configuration or to verify the Internet connection
settings:
1. Select Setup Wizard from the top of the main menu.
2. Click Next to proceed. Enter your ISP settings, as needed.
3. At the end of the Setup Wizard, click Test to verify your Internet connection. If you have
trouble connecting to the Internet, see Chapter 7, “Troubleshooting.”
Viewing and Configuring Basic ISP Settings
Settings related to your Internet service are specified in the Basic Settings screen. Select Basic
Settings under Setup in the main menu.
The content you see in the Basic Settings screen depends on whether your ISP requires that you
log in with a user name and password for Internet access.
•
No login required by ISP. If no login is required by your ISP, the following settings appear in
the Basic Settings screen.
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ISP does not require login
Figure 1-5
–
Account Name (might also be called Host Name). The account name is provided to the
ISP during a DHCP request from your router. In most cases, this setting is not required,
but some ISPs require it for access to ISP services such as mail or news servers.
–
Domain Name. The domain name is provided by your router to computers on your LAN
when the computers request DHCP settings from your router. In most cases, this settings is
not required.
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–
Internet IP Address. Determines how your router obtains an IP address for Internet
access.
• If your ISP assigns an IP address dynamically (by DHCP), select Get Dynamically
From ISP.
• If your ISP has assigned you a permanent, fixed (static) IP address for your computer,
select Use Static IP Address. Enter the IP address that your ISP assigned. Also, enter
the subnet mask and the gateway IP address. The gateway is the ISP’s router to which
your router will connect.
–
Domain Name Server (DNS) Address. If you know that your ISP does not automatically
transmit DNS addresses to the router during login, select Use These DNS Servers, and
enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary DNS server address
is available, enter it also.
Note: If you enter or change a DNS address, restart the computers on your
network so that these settings take effect.
–
Router MAC Address. This section determines the Ethernet MAC address that the router
will use on the Internet port. Typically, you would leave Use Default Address selected.
However, some ISPs (especially cable modem providers) register the Ethernet MAC
address of the network interface card in your computer when your account is first opened.
They then accept only traffic from the MAC address of that computer. This feature allows
your router to masquerade as that computer by “cloning” or “spoofing” its MAC address.
To change the MAC address, select one of the following methods:
•
Select Use Computer MAC Address. The router will then capture and use the MAC
address of the computer that you are now using. You must be using the one computer
that is allowed by the ISP.
•
Select Use This MAC Address, and enter it here.
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If a login is required by your ISP, the following settings appear in the Basic Settings screen:
ISP does require login
Figure 1-6
•
Does Your Internet Connection Require A Login? If you usually must use a login program
such as WinPOET to access the Internet, your Internet connection requires a login. After you
select Yes, the Basic Settings screen displays.
Note: After you finish setting up your router, you will no longer need to launch the
ISP’s login program on your computer to access the Internet. When you start
an Internet application, your router will automatically log you in.
–
Internet Service Provider. This drop-down list contains a few ISPs that need special
protocols for connection. The list includes:
•
PPTP (Point to Point Tunneling Protocol), used primarily in Austrian DSL services
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•
Telstra Bigpond, an Australian residential cable modem service
Note: The Telstra Bigpond setting is only for older cable modem service
accounts still requiring a Bigpond login utility. Telstra has
discontinued this type of account. Those with Telstra DSL accounts
and newer cable modem accounts should select No for Does Your
Internet Connection Require a Login.
•
Other, which selects PPPoE (Point to Point Protocol over Ethernet), the protocol used
by most DSL services worldwide.
Figure 1-7
Note: Not all ISPs are listed here. The ones on this list have special
requirements.
–
Login and Password. This is the user name and password provided by your ISP. This
name and password are used to log in to the ISP server.
–
Service Name. If your connection is capable of connecting to multiple Internet services,
this setting specifies which service to use.
•
Connection Mode. This drop-down list selects when the router will connect to and
disconnect from the Internet.
Figure 1-8
–
The list includes:
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•
Always On. The router logs in to the Internet immediately after booting and never
disconnects.
•
Dial on Demand. The router logs in only when outgoing traffic is present and logs out
after the idle time-out.
•
Manually Connect. The router logs in or logs out only when the user clicks Connect
or Disconnect in the Router Status screen.
–
Idle Timeout. Your Internet connection is logged out if there is no data transfer during the
specified time interval.
–
Domain Name Server (DNS) Address. If you know that your ISP does not automatically
transmit DNS addresses to the router during login, select Use These DNS Servers, and
enter the IP address of your ISP’s primary DNS server. If a secondary DNS server address
is available, enter it also.
Note: If you enter or change a DNS address, restart the computers on your
network so that these settings take effect.
Setting Up and Testing Basic Wireless Connectivity
Note: If you use a wireless computer to change wireless settings, you might be
disconnected when you click Apply. Reconfigure your wireless adapter to match
the new settings, or access the router from a wired computer to make any further
changes.
Follow these instructions to set up and test basic wireless connectivity. Once you have established
basic wireless connectivity, you can enable security settings appropriate to your needs.
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1. Select Wireless Settings under Setup in the main menu of the WNR2000 router.
Figure 1-9
2. For the wireless network name (SSID), use the default name, or choose a suitable descriptive
name. In the Name (SSID) field, you can enter a value of up to 32 alphanumeric characters.
The default SSID is NETGEAR.
Note: The SSID is case-sensitive; NETGEAR is not the same as nETgear. Also, the
SSID of any wireless access adapters must match the SSID you specify in the
WNR2000 router. If they do not match, you will not get a wireless connection
to the WNR2000 router.
3. Select the region in which the wireless interface will operate.
4. Set the channel. The default channel is Auto.
This field determines which operating frequency is used. It should not be necessary to change
the wireless channel unless you notice interference problems with another nearby wireless
router or access point. Select a channel that is not being used by any other wireless networks
within several hundred feet of your router. For more information about the wireless channel
frequencies, click the link to the online document “Wireless Networking Basics” in
Appendix B.
5. Make sure that the mode is set to Up to 145Mbps.
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6. For Security Options, select None.
7. Click Apply to save your changes.
Note: If you are configuring the router from a wireless computer and you change the
router’s SSID, channel, or security settings, you will lose your wireless
connection when you click Apply. You must then change the wireless settings
of your computer to match the router’s new settings.
8. Select Wireless Settings under Advanced in the main menu of the WNR2000 router.
Figure 1-10
9. Make sure that the Enable Wireless Router Radio, Enable SSID Broadcast, and Enable
WMM check boxes are selected.
10. Click Setup Access List.
11. Make sure that the Turn Access Control On check box is not selected.
12. Configure and test your wireless computer for wireless connectivity.
Program the wireless adapter of your computer to have the same SSID and channel that you
specified in the router, and disable encryption. Check that your computer has a wireless link
and can obtain an IP address by DHCP from the router.
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Once your computer has basic wireless connectivity to the router, you can configure the advanced
wireless security functions of the computer and router (for more information about security and
these settings, see Chapter 2, “Safeguarding Your Network ”).
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