TS1400 XY
Linkam Scientific Instruments
TS1400XY
High Temperature Stage
USER GUIDE
Contents
Before Setting Up Your Equipment....................................................................................... 3
Important Notice ................................................................................................................ 4
Warranty............................................................................................................................ 4
Technical Support ............................................................................................................... 4
Equipment Maintenance ...................................................................................................... 4
Safety Precautions .............................................................................................................. 5
Symbol Reference ......................................................................................................... 5
Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 6
High Temperature Stage System ......................................................................................... 6
Stage Anatomy ................................................................................................................... 6
Window Assembly......................................................................................................... 7
Lid Window Assembly ............................................................................................. 7
Bottom Window Assembly ....................................................................................... 7
Mounting Stage to Microscope with Dovetail Substage .......................................................... 8
Setting up the Condenser for Koehler Illumination. ......................................................... 8
ECP Water Circulator Pump Tubing Connection..................................................................... 9
How To Load A Sample ..................................................................................................... 10
Procedure .................................................................................................................. 10
Quench Cooling .......................................................................................................... 10
Atmospheric Control Gas Purge ................................................................................... 11
Stage Heater Protection .............................................................................................. 11
Appendix.......................................................................................................................... 13
Contact Details ................................................................................................................. 12
2
Before Setting Up Your Equipment
Please register your products by going to the technical support section of our web site www.linkam.co.uk
You will need to register your equipment with us to:
 Activate your warranty and technical support
 Access the online setup videos
 Permanently unlock LINK software (if purchased)
If you have purchased LINK software, or want to try a demonstration of it, please install it first. You will
be guided through the LINK software registration process the first time that the software is used, and will
need the LINK software registration card to complete this.
3
Important Notice
Please check that your Linkam equipment has not been damaged during transit. If there is any evidence of
external damage DO NOT SWITCH ON ANY ELECTRICAL ITEMS.
Contact LINKAM SCIENTIFIC or their appointed distributor immediately. Your warranty may be
impaired if Linkam is not informed of any transport damage within 7 working days of delivery.
NO attempt should be made to repair or modify the equipment in any way, as there are no user replaceable
parts.
No attempt should be made to open the case except by qualified personnel as hazardous voltages are
present.
In order to use this equipment successfully, please take time to read this manual all the way through before
using it.
Warranty
This equipment has a warranty against defects in material and workmanship for a period of 12 months.
Linkam will either repair or replace products that prove to be defective. For warranty service or repair, this
product must be returned to Linkam or a designated service facility.
The warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from interfacing, unauthorized modification or misuse,
operation outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or improper site preparation or
maintenance.
Technical Support
Any technical questions or queries should be addressed to the Technical Support Department at the
address shown on the back of this manual.
Equipment Maintenance
Use a small quantity of isopropyl alcohol with a soft cloth and gently wipe the surface. To clean the
hotstage, use isopropyl alcohol (IPA) and cotton swabs. Take great care not to touch the platinum
temperature sensor protruding from the side of the heating element. The sensor is very fragile.
4
Safety Precautions
1) Read this guide before using the equipment. Save these instructions for later use.
2) Follow all warnings and instructions which may be placed on the stage.
3) Never use the equipment if any cables have been damaged. Do not allow any heavy objects to rest on
the cables. Never lay the cables on the floor.
4) Do not obstruct any ventilation holes. Do not attempt to insert anything into these openings. Provide
adequate ventilation of at least 75mm all around the equipment.
5) Do not expose the equipment to water. If for any reason it gets wet then unplug it from the mains and
contact Linkam Scientific Technical Support.
6) The equipment is not intended to be used outdoors.
7) If any problems occur then turn all Linkam equipment off and contact Linkam Scientific Technical
Support.
8) Do not remove any covers from the equipment, any servicing should be carried out by qualified
service personnel.
Symbol References
Caution:
The user must not make or remove any connections while the equipment is powered on.
To avoid electric shock do not remove the cover. Refer servicing to qualified service personnel.
This warning symbol indicates that the surface labelled with this symbol may be hot.
5
Introduction
Thank you for purchasing the TS1400XY High
Temperature Stage. Please take the time to read
through the manual as it will help you to make the
most out of the equipment.
The High Temperature Stage
System
The High Temperature Stage System is supplied
with a T95 System Controller.
An ECP water circulator pump is included and is
used to keep the Lid and stage body cool.
LINK System control software and digital video
capture can be added as an option to control from
PC.
Note: DO NOT touch the viewing window when
the stage is being heated. The window will be
hot.
TS1400XY has temperature range from ambient
to 1400ºC at rates from 1 to 200ºC/min
Stage Anatomy
1. Ceramic Heating Element
2. *-Water Cooling Connectors
3. Stage Cable
4. Gas Connectors
5. X Manipulator
6. Y Manipulator
7. Sample Holder
*
4
2-*
6
*
*
3
1
5
*
*
The Lid is removed by unscrewing it from the
stage.
*
7. Stage Lid
8. Inner Lid
9. Viewing Window (8mm diameter)
10. Water Cooling Connectors
7
10
7
8
9
6
4
Windows Assembly
1. 3x O-rings (ORTS1400XY)
2. Quartz window (W55Q, 55x1mm)
3. Stage Lid
4. Lid Insert
1
Lid Window Assembly
To replace the Lid Window (2), unscrew the Lid
Insert (4) from the Stage Lid (3) by turning anticlockwise. The quartz window may not need to
be replaced, it can be cleaned with acid and jewellers rouge to be used again. Check the O’rings
for any damage and replace if necessary to prevent leaks.
2
3
Bottom Window Assembly
To replace the bottom 22x0.5mm quartz window
(6), use the Window Locking Ring Tool (8) to
unscrew the Window Locking Ring (5) and reassemble the window as shown in the diagram.
Check the silicon O’rings (7) for damage and
replace if necessary.
4
8
5
5. Window Locking Ring
6. Quartz Window (W22Q, 22x0.5mm)
7. Silicon Rubber O-rings
8. Window Locking Ring Tool
7
7
6
Mounting Stage to Microscope
with Dovetail Substage
The following description is for mounting the
stage on to microscopes which have a circular
dovetail substage assembly.
Curved Clamp 9542
Attach the curved stage clamps (part no. 9542) to
the base of the stage using the supplied hex
screws and the outer most holes in the base plate.
1
Adjust the two Positioning Screws (1) and the
Locking Thumbscrew (2) so that approximately
5mm of thread is exposed on the inside edge of
the clamp. This will roughly position the stage in
the centre of the dovetail.
2
Place the stage onto the dovetail then focus a 10X
objective lens on the aperture of the heating element. Using the two positioning screws ensure
that the aperture is in the centre of the field of
view and tighten the Locking Thumbscrew (2) to
lock the stage in position
1
For other types of microscope substage, see the
included diagram for fitting instruction.
Setting up the Condenser for Koehler
Illumination.
Dovetail
Place a transparent sample on a Sapphire Sample
window and position it inside the ceramic heating
element. Use the 10X lens to focus on the sample. Now close down the microscope field diaphragm and adjust the condenser focus so that the
edges of the diaphragm are in focus. Now use the
condenser positioning screws to centre the condenser in your field of view. Open the diaphragm
so that it just fills the field of view.
Linkam Imaging Station
with dovetail substage
For more information about Koehler illumination
see the extremely informative ‘microscopy Primer’ on the Molecular Expressions website.
http://micro.magnet.fsu.edu/primer/index.html
8
ECP Water Circulator Pump
Tubing Connection
Bypass cooling
loop
Note: An ECP pump filled with cool water, 1518°C, has large enough capacity for upto 2 hours
operation of the stage at 1000°C or over. It is not
recommenced for longer term work at these temperatures.
Inlet
The water circulator is necessary to keep the stage
body and Lid Window cool during heating experiments. Make sure the water is running before
heating up the stage.
Outlet
Connect the Inlet and Outlet tubing from the ECP
to the High Temperature Stage as shown.
Refer to the ECP, Water Circulator Pump Manual
for setting up the ECP.
9
How To Load A Sample
Samples no larger than 5x5mm and 0.7mm thick
are loaded onto a sapphire sample window (2)
which fits into the stainless steel sample holder
(1). The X and Y manipulators are then used to
move the sample holder into the ceramic heating
element.
1
Procedure
The oblong sapphire sample window has a small
notch in one side. The sample holder has two
prongs, one of these prongs locates into the notch
on the sapphire sample window.
The sapphire window must be completely flat
against the ceramic surface when loaded into the
sample holder. Check that the sample window is
seated correctly in the sample holder.
2
Place the sample approximately 1mm from the
end of the sapphire sample window, you may
need to experiment to find the best place to put
your sample, so that you can see all of your sample when using the XY manipulators.
Notch in sapphire sample window
The sapphire sample windows can be easily
cleaned by dipping in strong acid, and using jewellers rouge to polish. If you need new sapphire
sample windows contact Linkam, you will need a
new sample holder to go with the windows to
ensure a good fit.
Sample holder locates into notch of
sample window
Quench Cooling
To cool the sample rapidly from max temperature
to 800°C by quickly removing the sample from
within the heater. To do this, simply twist the
spring loaded manipulator and it back to its limit.
Sample
(max size
5x5mm/0.7mm thick)
Warning
When heating above 800°C the heating element
will begin to glow brightly. Use a light filter in
the trinocular (or binocular) head of the microscope to view the sample.
10
Sample Holder
prongs
Atmospheric Control Gas Purge
Gas Outlet
If purging with gas, please DO NOT USE HYDROGEN OR HELIUM. These gases have very
high thermal conductivity and will cause the
heater to burn out very quickly.
It is recommended that other reactive gases are
diluted with 95% of an inert gas such as nitrogen
or argon.
Please use a gas flow of less than 60CC/min.
High gas flow has a cooling effect on the heater
and will overload the heating element.
To control the atmosphere in the stage there are
gas valve ports on either side of the stage.
Gas Inlet
Push the Valve Insert (1) into the Gas Connector
(2), there should be a ‘click’ when the two parts
are connected. Attach tubing (3) with 3mm inner
diameter to this.
Note: To remove the Gas Valve Insert, hold the
outer sleeve of the Gas Connector and push
towards the stage.
2
The Gas Connector is sealed when it is not
connected.
1
3
Stage Heater Protection
The TS1400XY stage is protected by the System
Controller by a solid state cut-out.
If for any reason the current into the heater
exceeds a pre-set level the power will be
automatically turned off and the message 'PWR
SURGE' will be displayed on the programmer.
This could happen for instance if a cold sample is
introduced at high temperatures or if a gas flow
was too high.
To reset the system controller allow the stage to
cool and then press any key.
11
Linkam Scientific Instruments Ltd
Tel: +44(0)1737 363 476
Fax: +44(0)1737 363 480
Email: support@linkam.co.uk
Unit 8 Epsom Downs Metro Centre
Waterfield, Tadworth, Surrey, KT20 5LR, UK
www.linkam.co.uk
Version: 1.01.1109
12
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