A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?

A Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
ISSUE 4 2011
ESTABLISHED IN AMSTERDAM, 1985
18+ For adults only. Soft Secrets is published
six times a year by Discover Publishers USA, Inc.
In this issue:
THE WAR ON DRUGS
HAS FAILED!
A report has just been issued by the Global
Commission on Drug Policy, condemning
the ineffective and often damaging policies
implemented in the War on Drugs. What
does this mean for our industry, and how
can we move forward?
›› 5
What if Cannabis
Cured Cancer?
›› 7
SEED PIRACY
Simon, proprietor of Serious Seeds, explains
how the Cannabis seed industry is even more
susceptible to piracy than the music world, and
what will happen if it’s not prevented. ›› 14
Hemp Kevlar
›› 17
HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS
The Devil’s Harvest Seed Company reveal
their secrets of Cannabis seed feminization,
why they do it and what the future holds for
this Amsterdam label.
›› 20
A Cease-Fire in
the Drug War?
Doesn’t it seem as if overnight, Cannabis
has become socially acceptable in
America? The Global Commission on Drug
Policy has just released a report about the
utter failure of the War on Drugs, despite
the billions of dollars flushed through
it over the years. HR 2306 could present the first-ever modern Federal legislation that would allow peace for the pot
industry, since its criminalization in 1937.
A mind-blowing documentary called
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer is now
sweeping the globe, allaying many of the
fears regarding medicinal marijuana that
plague the medical community – as well
as vindicating the thousands of activists
and proponents who have been shouting
(at seemingly deaf ears) for decades about
the merits of our beloved plant.
It’s true. Cannabis is not that bad for you.
If the product is grown organically and
handled carefully, the consumption of the
drug – even smoking it, although we cannot deny the dangers of smoking in general – is not physically addictive, and most
of the negative consequences of its effects
can be directly attributed to the shortcomings of the user. The punitive nature
of America’s drug policies has done more
harm than good in incarcerating first-time,
non-violent individuals who, at worst,
should be in drug treatment facilities. In
moderation or clinical settings, Cannabis
presents a therapeutic substance that
treats more ailments than any other single
drug in the history of medicine and should
not be unjustly demonized.
Allowing people to grow weed will not
lead to the immediate collapse of human
civilization, nor will it plunge our youth
into the depths of depravity. We need
education, quality control, safe access,
protection for care-givers and patients;
but mostly, we need to be TAXED so that
cash can be put towards the necessary
legislation, organizations and social programs. Sorry, drug dealers: we all know
that if weed were ever legalized the price
would drop. Why panic? It won’t drop that
much, and if laws loosen, the groups of
people who secretly like Cannabis, but
avoid it due to issues such as the fact that
it’s still absurdly classed as Schedule I, will
soon join the ranks of your customer lists.
Demand will likely increase, and you can
finally go legit!
This issue of SSUSA presents a few different ramifications of the War on
Drugs, including some of the international effects of bad drug stigma, such
as the impending ‘Weed Pass’ in the
Netherlands. You’ve all heard for dec-
ades about the freedoms lavished upon
the smoking masses in this low-lying
nation. Well, it’s all potentially about to
crash and burn, as the Dutch government wants to issue marijuana membership cards to legal, tax-paying residents
only, restricting their purchases to the
one coffeeshop nearest to their house.
At a maximum limit of three grams. Read
on to find out how this might affect your
next vacation....
Finally, no Drug War edition would be
complete without a mention of Eddy
Lepp. Perhaps one of the most famous
Green Prisoners in the world, Eddy is
hardly visible in the Cannabis press,
despite his famous arrest and incarceration. Due to his contributions to the
medical Cannabis community over the
years, we felt that he deserved a ‘visit’.
It’s ironic that some of the very pioneers
who assisted in the liberalization of US
pot laws are locked away and cannot
enjoy the new freedom themselves.
Things are looking up, folks; however, we’ve
still got a long way to go towards complete
legalization. How are you helping?
3
FROM THE EDITOR
Something
Missing?
Don’t see your company, product or techniques featured in the pages of SSUSA?
Wish your activist organization could get
a little free press? Contact us!
Are you or is someone you know particularly gifted with a camera? Then why not
submit your amateur photos to SSUSA?
They could end up on the cover! Subject
is of your choosing, and an emphasis on
Cannabis is absolutely not necessary. Be
as creative and expressive as possible,
and you might just see your work on the
front page, or within the next issue of Soft
Secrets USA. Photographers will be credited for their work. Cannabis photos are
rarely used for cover shots. Oh, and let’s
keep it classy, people!
Not into photography but still have an
interesting talent or story? Contact us if
you think you deserve a place in our publication. Feel free to let us know about new
books, television and film projects; festivals, events and demonstrations, medical
advances, green prisoners or even interesting companies who deserve a little
support and media coverage. We love
hemp, and are always happy to highlight
the innovations that make this industry
so exciting.
We hope to hear from you.
* Press concerns and photos (minimum
resolution 300dpi @ 4x4 inches) may be
emailed to Kristie@softsecrets.nl.
* All submissions will be handled with
discretion. Soft Secrets USA is not responsible for unsolicited submissions, either
for graphics or text.
IN THIS ISSUE:
The Warlock was created in the early 1990s by
Gerrit, the owner and breeder of Magus Genetics.
Due to personal circumstances Gerrit was not able
to continue his business and we from Serious
Seeds decided to incorporate the strains of Magus
Genetics into our program.
Warlock has a sweet smell with a tinge of sour,
reminiscent of fresh fruits. The effect is felt very
quickly after the toke and is a strong high, which
is felt more in the head than in the body.
Due to its high THC content, the Warlock has
good medical qualities for pain relief and
against insomnia.
Name:
Pedigree:
Warlock
Mostly indica (Skunk/Afghani
x Afghani)
Breeder:
Gerrit from Magus Genetics
Producer:
Serious Seeds
Height:
Short and bushy
Weight:
Good yielder (400-500g/m2)
Flowering Time: 55-60 days
Warlock
The Warlock won the 3rd place at the High Times
Cannabis Cup in 1997. Short and bushy during the
vegetative period, it grows huge, compact buds
with few leaves in flowering. Especially indoors
the Warlock is a good yielder, with a harvest of
400-500g per square meter. The clear white pistils
change to a tan/pinkish color when ripe.
Cease-Fire in the Drug War?
Page 3 Girl: Warlock
The War on Drugs Has Failed!
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
HR 2306
Strain Awards
Eddy Lepp
Dutch Weed Pass
Seed Piracy
Hemp Kevlar
How to Feminize Cannabis
Didymium Glasses
Mila’s Journey
Rolling Papers
Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash
Pollinator Company
HT Medical Cannabis Cup
International Seed Market
Thanks, Jacques
Kalamata & Panama Red
LED Trial: Critical Jack
Male Cannabis
Dangerous Pastry
Royal Queen Seeds
Hy’s Deli by oz.
A Stoned Selection
Gil Scott-Heron
Gay Pride San Francisco
Colophon
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FROM THE EDITOR
STRAIN REPORT
LEGAL
FILM REVIEW/MEDICINAL
LEGAL
STRAIN REPORT
GREEN PRISONERS
AMSTER-RANT
MADE IN HOLLAND
HEMP INNOVATIONS
GENETICS/BREEDING
SERIOUS GARDENING
FILM REVIEW
HEMP INNOVATIONS
ORGANIC CULTIVATION
SHOP REVIEW, NL
FESTIVALS & EXPOS
GENETICS/BREEDING
SMUGGLER’S TALES
ENDANGERED STRAINS
ORGANIC CULTIVATION
BOTANY
MEDICINAL
PRODUCT FLASH
COMIC
MUSIC
OBITUARY
MARCHES & DEMOS
FROM THE EDITOR
Co
5
A REPORT FROM THE GLOBAL COMMISSION ON DRUG POLICY
The War on Drugs Has Failed!
Since the last hundred years, the
international approach to drugs
has been one of intolerance,
harsh repression and propaganda
– as well as a recognized waste of
taxpayers’ hard earned cash. Most
of us with a basic understanding of market and social dynamics have known that it was an
approach bound to fail. History
has shown this on numerous
accounts. However, governments
worldwide have so far refused to
adjust their approach, but for a
very few pioneers.
In the first week of June however, it was surprising to read
that the Global Commission on
Drug Policy, a part of the United
Nations, had published an article
recognizing the failure of the War
on Drugs and offering a set of
principles and recommendations
to efficiently tackle the issue.
Buddy Kush
When the decision was made to start an
official war against the use of drugs back
in the early 20th century, everyone thought
it would be for the best. Mind you, waves
of propaganda and misinformation were
very efficient in convincing the citizens
of the risks these drugs brought to the
established order and moral values of the
new world.
The war on Cannabis is the perfect
example. Not only was this drug
considered to be responsible for the
moral depravity spreading through the
US via foreign immigrants; it also affected
white people by encouraging them to
abandon their moral values. More
exactly, it was also accused of causing
depravity in white women who, after
having consumed the drug, would start
listening to the Devil’s music – which we
now call ‘Jazz’, by the way – and to be
promiscuous with black men.
Substances leading to violence, depression, hard-drug use, the death of brain
cells and mental disorders: these are
some of the many scare tactics used
over the decades to convince people
of the dangers of drug-use, reinforcing
the apparent need to combat it by any
means possible... ANY means possible. In
2010, The Financial Times estimated that
the War on Drugs had far-surpassed the
trillion-dollar mark, with budgets surpassing $40B a year in America alone.
Despite this, governments continue to
invest increasing amounts of funds into
a losing battle. If we are to look at relevant historical references, it is easy to
spot the correlation between prohibition, increased use, insecurity, ill health
and criminality: the alcohol prohibition
that took place in the 1920s. The results
of prohibition remain the same today as
they were then.
WAR ON DRUGS REPORT, JUNE 2011
In their new report, the Global Commission
on Drug Policy published data claiming that rather than dropping, Cannabis,
cocaine and opiate use have all increased
over a ten year period (1998-2008) with
a respective increase of 8.5%, 27% and
34.5%. With no regulation whatsoever,
consumers also have to deal with insecurity in obtaining the drug, high prices and
no quality control – which can potentially
lead to disastrous health issues. And who
pays the price for all this? One simple
answer: you and me, the taxpayers. With
no other source of income, the government has to use taxation to finance its
inefficient war. So, to sum up, taxpayers
pay the government to ultimately help
the very criminals it claims to fight against.
This situation is one of which many are
aware: politicians, economists, sociologists – as well as the criminals involved.
And yet nothing has really changed since
the War on Drugs first started. A couple of
countries decided upon new approach-
DRUG PROMOTION
(PHOTO BY MANTAS RUZVELTAS)
es, broadly generating an uproar from
neighboring nations and international
press. To give a concrete example, on the
first of July, 2001, Portugal decriminalized the use of drugs. While drug use and
possession are still legally prohibited,
violations of those prohibitions are considered as administrative violations, not
criminal offenses. Having heard of this
decision, neighboring countries were
quick to paint gloomy pictures of the
country’s future, claiming it would see
increased drug use amongst youth and
become a drug user’s haven.
Even though Portugal was able to show
positive results over the last ten years,
other countries still stubbornly deny that
a new approach is needed.
Enter the Global Commission
on Drug Policy
Together with a group of illustrious commissioners (amongst whom were George
Papandreou, Prime Minister of Greece;
Ernesto Zedillo, former President of
Mexico; Paul Volcker, former Chairman
of the US Federal Reserve and Economic
Recovery Board and Kofi Annan, former
Secretary General of the United Nations),
the Global Commission on Drug Policy
has recognized the need to re-evaluate
the international approach to drug use
and production.
In a publication released in the beginning
of June 2011, the Commission has officially recognized the utter failure of the
War on Drugs – as well as the devastating
consequences it has had on society and
its members.
IS IT THE CANNABIS OR THE PROPAGANDA CAUSING DEPRAVITY? (PHOTO BY KAT)
Their conclusions are basic and most are
obvious, given a bit of thought: to ‘End
the criminalization, marginalization and
stigmatization of people who use drugs
but who do no harm to others.’ Also, to:
6
‘encourage experimentation by governments with models of legal regulation...
especially [with regards] to Cannabis’ and
‘offer health and treatment services to
those in need.’ An ultimate goal is ‘to
rethink the approach now in place with
regards to people involved in the lower
end of the illegal drug markets, to invest
in drug prevention and drug education, to
focus repressive actions on violent criminal organizations[;] but first and foremost
to begin the transformation of the “global
drug prohibition regime” by replacing current measures with responsible policies
and strategies built on facts and not on
ideology and political convenience.’
The Measure Themselves:
In order to tackle this vast task, the
Commission has agreed upon a list of four
principles and eleven recommendations
they hope can help rectify the situation.
Based on discussion, plus medical-, socialand political experiments done internationally, the conclusions are as follows:
The Principles:
1. Base drug policies on solid evidence.
2. Base drug policies on human rights and
public health principles.
3. Policies should be a global, shared
responsibility, taking diverse political, social
and cultural realities into consideration.
4. Drug policies must be pursued in a
comprehensive way, involving all relevant
parties (families, health specialists, law
enforcement etc.)
This seems a very commendable set of
principles, which can easily be applied
given the extensive research done
internationally by recognized authorities.
There are exceptions though, because
of certain countries which, even today,
forbid research into certain drugs. More
than that, decades’ worth of propaganda
will have to be addressed before any truly
unbiased conclusion can be reached. To
this end, all concerned parties (families,
organized crime and traffickers, thereby
reducing the harms linked to the underground market.
7. Develop new sentences for first-time/
small-scale dealers.
8. Invest more in evidence-based prevention, with a special focus on youth.
9. Offer a wide and easily accessible range of
options for treatment of drug dependence.
10. The UN must provide leadership in
global drug policy reform.
11. The War on Drugs has failed. We must
act now!
A very good first step. And indeed, considering the problem rationally (not emotionally) and learning from past mistakes
is the key to moving things forward. It
is essential to everything we do in life.
You try an approach, judge the results
and, if lacking, adapt it – modify it to
suit your needs. In this case, it is time for
the relevant institutions to face the facts.
Judging the success of the War on Drugs
by the number of arrests made, the number of drugs intercepted, is not in any way
a measure of success – especially when
the consumption of said drug continues
to rise. It is time for us to face the issue
head-on and adapt. As many have said
before, drug use will never cease, so long
as a curious mind exists.
COMPARISON OF THE CANNABIS MARKETS IN FRANCE AND THE NETHERLANDS
To be Perfected…
Stimulating governments to experiment
with regulation and decriminalization
– as countries such as the Netherlands,
Switzerland, Spain and Portugal have
done – has proven that a less repressive
approach leads not only to lower drug use
but also to less health issues linked to their
consumption. Through open discussion
and effective education, we can not only
ensure that the misconceptions are dispersed, but also give everyone the information necessary for them to be able to
make an educated decision with regards
to drug use. This would thereby limit drug
use linked to external influences such
DOES THIS MEAN I’LL GET MY CROP BACK? (PHOTO BY KAT)
placed at the top; small scale dealers come
next, followed by larger scale dealers and
organized crime forming the wide base. It
is quite an accurate representation of the
control each group has on the market.
This dynamic will not change unless the
legality of drug use and production in
itself is revised. Until this is done, the control of the drug market and the funds it
generates will remain as they are. How will
STIMULATING GOVERNMENTS TO EXPERIMENT WITH REGULATION AND
DECRIMINALIZATION HAS PROVEN THAT A LESS REPRESSIVE APPROACH LEADS NOT
ONLY TO LOWER DRUG USE, BUT ALSO TO LESS HEALTH ISSUES
the health sector, society’s leaders) will
actively need to take part in order to
start rectifying generations’ worth of
misinformation.
The Recommendations:
1. Pursue an open debate and break
through the taboo surrounding drugs.
2. Stop considering drug users criminals
and offer them health and treatment services to those in need.
3. Encourage experimentation with regulation models designed to undermine
organized crime and benefit the health
and security of end users.
4. Establish better methods to measure
the progress.
5. Challenge misconceptions about drug
users, the drugs market, drug use in itself
and drug dependency.
6. Countries continuing to invest heavily in law enforcement should focus on
as peer pressure, socio-economic status
or, naturally, the ‘forbidden fruit’ effect,
allowing institutions to focus on drug use
linked to larger social issues (childhood
trauma, neglect, living conditions, etc.)
which truly do need attention.
This is why extensive efforts must be
made to provide adequate resources for
prevention – with a focus on the ‘sensitive’
social groups such as youths – as well as
the developing of easy access to treatment for the people suffering from drug
dependencies.
There are a couple of notions that
appear to be lacking, however (i.e.
points six and seven).
If one looks at the current structure of
drug trade/use, it can be summarized in
a pyramidal structure with the end-user
a continually repressive approach to dealers help in curbing consumption? Instead,
we should discuss the possible creation
of licenses allowing the production of
these drugs. Together with the necessary
regulations and quality controls this could
create a more secure, trustworthy means
of distribution, create jobs and economic income and reduce health risks (with
regard to altered substances), while also
eliminating the need for an illegal market
in one fell swoop.
Conclusions
Isn’t it amusing that these facts – which
have been preached by activists for years
– are finally being acknowledged now
that a group of governmental celebrities
is repeating them? Regardless, there is no
denying that, despite certain shortcomings, this publication has created waves
throughout international press and has
really opened up the debate about our
approach to drugs worldwide.
The necessary steps towards rectifying
the situation will contain big challenges.
Not only will economic interests shift –
imagine what will happen to the paper-,
textile-, petrochemical- and construction
industries the day hemp is fully legalized
– but entire new markets will appear. This
will create new jobs, as well as revenues
that the government can then tax to
finance rehabilitation centers, prevention,
educational initiatives and so forth.
However, we must also take other social
repercussions into account. Imagine how
many people profit from the War on
Drugs: the prison industry, security firms,
law enforcement, pharmaceutical companies, etc. The day our approach to drugs
evolves, they could potentially find themselves without employment. It is therefore
important to be critical, to keep all these
facts in mind and to discuss the issue in its
entirety to guarantee as smooth a transition as we can. Needless to say we’ll be
doing our part. What about you?
For more information on the report, check
online at: http://www.globalcommission
ondrugs.org/report
7
DOCUMENTARY
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer?
THIS MINDBLOWING FILM EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY WE GET HIGH FROM CANNABIS, AND WHY
WE SHOULD CONTINUE TO DO SO FOR THE SAKE OF THE HUMAN RACE.
Ever wondered why Cannabis
gets you high? It’s no accident.
After millions of years of evolution (beginning with the humble
sea squirt) humans have developed a sophisticated system of
receptors – one of the densest
of its type in the human body
– specifically designed to accept
the exact chemical compounds
produced by the Cannabis plant.
However, their original intent
was to receive the same compounds when produced by the
human body, known as endogenous cannabinoids, or endoSativa Diva
cannabinoids.
You read that correctly: human beings
produce the endogenous version of the
herbal cannabinoids responsible for the
myriad effects brought about by the consumption of weed. Whether you ingest,
drink, smoke or vaporize it, the unique
combination of these compounds, plus a
few others, blends together to present the
exact flavor, smell, effect and duration of
each of your favorite strains.
Writer and director Len Richmond has
stunned viewers with a masterpiece documenting the bio-chemistry of Cannabis:
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer answers
questions that viewers perhaps never
thought to ask. Activists from within the
community will rejoice: the merits of med-
but extremely in-depth, education into
the physical workings of these substances.
The documentary begins with a brief education on the ancient relationship between
Cannabis and humans. Anthropological
conjecture exists over whether Cannabis
consumption somehow stimulated early
human language skills; in other realms,
such as ethno-botany, scientists claim that
hemp was the first intentionally cultivated
plant, causing a shift from hunter/gatherer societies to static, agrarian ones.
Whether or not the above are true, one
cannot argue about the proven role and
functions that cannabinoids (endogenous- or herbal) have in the human
body. Most animals and other organisms also have cannabinoid receptors,
but research diverges here as the functions sometimes differ between species.
The endo-cannabinoid system, or ECS,
is responsible for modulating energy
intake, nutrient transport and metabolism, and storage.
This means that our very most precious
and essential systems are being aided in
function and control by the ECS, including the nervous-, circulatory-, reproductive- and immune systems. If Cannabis
(and the drug compounds therein) is so
dangerous, then why do we produce
nearly atomically-twin substances that
our body requires to survive? According
to Di Marzo (1998), we need our ECS for
mechanisms that help us to ‘relax, eat,
sleep, forget and protect’.
Forget what? According to Dr. Raphael
Mechoulam, the man who discovered
THC in 1964, ‘We need to have a way to
One of the reasons that Cannabis does
not physically addict is because of our
ECS – our bodies recognize cannabinoids.
Many of its protective and therapeutic
effects may be attributed to the ability of
these substances to move freely through
the ‘brain/blood barrier’, which protects
the brain from infection and other harm.
Due to the oily nature of the cannabinoids
(the stuff that spreads all over your fingers
when you handle buds) the compounds
are easily able to slip between the two
parts of the body, and this is especially
important for brain cancer patients.
Not only does smoking moderate
amounts of weed NOT cause cancer, but
cannabinoids actually have a semi-protective effect on the body, shielding healthy
cells and inciting the ‘suicide’ of cancer
cells. It is this action that takes place when
certain cannabinoids pass into the brain,
where they can then destroy cancer cells
in a carefully-guided attack. THC has
also been medically-proven to slow the
growth of breast- and lung cancer tumors,
as well as virus-induced leukemia.
Some important cannabinoid
functions:
THC: Mimics the body’s own ECS; bronchial dilator, anti-depressant, encourages
cancer cell death, slows growth of lungand breast cancer, virus-induced leukemia.
CBD: Non-psychoactive, sedative, antiinflammatory, fights diabetes, malignant
tumors and bacterial infections, neuroprotector, anti-epileptic, anti-psychotic,
anxiolytic (anti-anxiety).
CBN: Primary product of THC degradation;
affects the impact of THC.
THCV: Mostly in S. African/Thai strains; makes
‘high’ come on faster but last less time; fights
LEN RICHMOND HAS STUNNED VIEWERS WITH A MASTERPIECE DOCUMENTING
THE BIO-CHEMISTRY OF CANNABIS: WHAT IF CANNABIS CURED CANCER ANSWERS
QUESTIONS THAT VIEWERS PERHAPS NEVER THOUGHT TO ASK
ical Cannabis are explained empirically,
providing physical, scientific evidence
that will only fail to silence opponents
to medical marijuana if they choose to
entirely ignore the research. Hard facts
replace conjecture, presenting a quick,
forget, or we... will burst.’ It is a known fact
that the lack of pain memory is one of the
more important evolutionary aspects of
our bodies. Perhaps short-term memory
isn’t such a bad thing after all. In addition,
the ECS regulates our moods.
Type II diabetes, has protective, preventative
effect against malignant tumors.
CBC: Found in extremely low levels; may
act as anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory;
strongly inhibits tumor growth in leukemia and breast cancer.
THIS DOCUMENTARY WILL BE
ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT
FILMS YOU EVER WATCH.
Cannabinoid impact on cancer:
Seeking out cancer cells and preferentially
killing them.
Anti-proliferative (inhibits cell growth).
Anti-angiogenic (prevents fresh blood
supply to tumors).
Anti-metastatic (stops cancer’s ability to
spread).
Apoptopic (hastens death of cancer cells).
Many people like to believe they truly
‘know everything there is to know about
Cannabis’. If you haven’t seen this film,
then that’s definitely not true. Even if you
already knew much of the information
covered in What if Cannabis Cured Cancer,
be assured that your education will still
have been expanded through the watching of this astonishing film.
If nothing else, you will obtain the peace
of mind that comes with certainty: everything we’ve been saying for years about
the benefits of Cannabis has been true,
and is now scientifically-proven. Naysayers, doubters, growers, smokers, activists, doctors; anyone who has ever had an
opinion about Cannabis must watch this
film and truly become enlightened.
Written and directed by Len Richmond
Narrated by Peter Coyote
Edited by Massimo Mazzucco
Running Time:
60 minutes - Color - Stereo - DVD
» www.lenrichmondfilms.com
KURT CANNABIS (MALCOLM
THESE FOUR CANNABINOIDS ARE
MCDOWELL) AND CONNIE CANCER
CONSIDERED AMONG THE MOST
BY 1942, ALL CANNABIS-BASED
CANNABIS PHARMACEUTICALS PRE-
(ROSEANNE BARR) LIGHTEN THE MOOD
IMPORTANT OF THE 400+ COMPOUNDS
DRUGS HAD BEEN REMOVED FROM
SENT A LESS-TOXIC ALTERNATIVE FOR
IN A SPECIAL COMEDY SHORT.
FOUND IN CANNABIS.
US PHARMACIES.
INDIVIDUALS WHO ARE ALREADY ILL.
9
LEGISLATION
HR 2306: Ending Federal
Marijuana Prohibition Act of 2011
A MAJOR SHIFT IN THE APPROACH TO US MARIJUANA LEGISLATION...
On June 23rd, 2011 the bi-partisan bill, HR 2306, was proposed to
Congress by Ron Paul (R., Texas), Barney Frank (D., Mass.), and four
further democrats: Reps. John Conyers (Mich.), Steve Cohen (Tenn.),
Jared Polis (Colo.) and Barbara Lee (Calif.). It seeks to remove marijuana regulation from the jurisdiction of the Federal government and
hand it back to the state, as was effectively the case prior to 1937.
While previous proposed bills have sought to limit Federal control
or legalize certain aspects of marijuana or hemp, this is the first
that seeks to entirely remove Federal control (at least within state
boundaries), and as such is a milestone in the saga of Cannabis politics. The bill’s authors do however stress that it is ‘not a legalization
bill’, contrary to many of the more sensationalist reports appearing in
By Kali Mist
the initial days following the announcement.
The bill is being publicized using the
decades-old but still effective argument:
that prohibition of alcohol had negative
effects so severe it was quickly deemed
unworkable – and for the same reasons, continued prohibition of Cannabis
should be acknowledged as pointless
outspoken criticism of US monetary- and
foreign policies. Many more moderate
Republicans seek to distance themselves
from him, but despite (or perhaps due
to) his apparent eccentricity he enjoys a
wide following. He has a proven record
over the past few years on pro-marijua-
BARNEY FRANK, DEMOCRATIC
RON PAUL, REPUBLICAN HOUSE
HOUSE REP. FOR THE 4TH DISTRICT
REP. FOR TEXAS’S 14TH DISTRICT
OF MASSACHUSETTS
ground in marijuana campaigning and a
consistent pro-hemp voting record, having signed the Industrial Hemp Farming
Act of 2009 (HR1866 2009-H1866) to
‘grant each state regulating authority for
the growing and processing of industrial hemp.’ Frank also authored the State’s
Right to Medical Marijuana Act in 2001,
and in 2008 proposed the Personal Use
RON PAUL HAS LENT HIS NAME TO AN OTHERWISE ALL-DEMOCRAT PROPOSITION
and damaging to society. The expectation is that the excessive levels of criminality involved in the Cannabis industry
will decrease with the more favorable
legislation and regulations many states
have already begun to implement. The
legislation would limit Federal interference in marijuana law enforcement to
cross-border or inter-state smuggling.
Federal raids on dispensaries would no
longer occur as citizens invoking their
right to cultivate, sell and smoke marijuana – where it is not prohibited by state
law – would no longer be committing
a Federal offense. Production, sale and
taxation of Cannabis would be wholly
regulated by state authorities.
HR 2306, with its bi-partisan authorship,
has attracted significant media attention.
Much has been made of the so-called
‘unlikely’ partnership between Ron Paul
and Barney Frank, and it is true that on
many issues their views are entirely unaligned. However, they have teamed up
in the past to campaign for reductions
in military spending, as well as to campaign in favor of online gambling within
the US. When it comes to marijuana, it’s
clear there is yet another subject upon
which they agree – and have done for
some time.
Republican Congressman for Texas’s 14th
District, Presidential candidate, and de
facto leader of the libertarian Tea Party
movement, Dr. Ron Paul is known for his
na issues. His stance is informed by a
long belief in the states’ ability to govern
themselves, a strong dislike of the ‘nanny
state’ – and belief in self-determination
and our inherent freedom to decide what
to put into our bodies.
of Marijuana by Responsible Adults Act
(HR 5843) which initially died in committee, and was re-proposed in 2009,
only to die again. This bill was each time
co-sponsored and supported by Ron
Paul, and was in itself remarkable in that
and Frank continue their liaisons in the
future and that Dr. Paul would remain so
emphatically in favor of pro-marijuana
legislation – were his presidential campaign to prove successful.
Although the bill is sure to be opposed
by many, and is unlikely to pass committee, let alone the House, vote, it is
a positive step in the continuing effort
to raise awareness in political circles. It
comes at a very relevant time – just after
the Global Commission on Drug Policy
released statements to the effect that the
War on Drugs has so far been a failure,
and that nations should begin reviewing
current drug policy with a possible view
to eventual legalization. With levels of
public interest remaining high, there is a
HR 2306 SEEKS TO REMOVE MARIJUANA REGULATION FROM THE
JURISDICTION OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT AND HAND IT BACK TO THE STATE, AS
WAS EFFECTIVELY THE CASE PRIOR TO 1937
As a staunch supporter of small government, it would be contradictory to
his stance to condone Federal control
over most everyday aspects of life.
Nevertheless, his interest in pro-marijuana legislation apparently extends
beyond the hypothetical: Paul has even
promoted the cause of industrial hemp
in the past, showing not only the level to
which this elder statesman is informed,
but also the level of his enthusiasm and
commitment to the cause. Frustration
that people are being wrongly-deprived
of medical marijuana due to outdated and restrictive laws is a sentiment
strongly echoed in several of Paul’s previous statements.
Barney Frank, the popular liberal,
Democratic House Representative of the
4th District of Massachusetts– the second openly gay member of the House of
Representatives – also has a strong back-
it was the first that sought to remove
marijuana legislation from the Federal
level – but limited to personal amounts,
with trafficking offenses remaining
under Federal jurisdiction.
So, despite not always agreeing on
matters of policy, it seems that the link
between these two very different politicians is not so tenuous after all. Such
bi-partisan arrangements – while not
uncommon – are likely to attract more
attention in the media, and thus Ron
Paul has lent his name to an otherwise
all-Democrat proposition. Paul is no
stranger to controversy, and as a 2012
Presidential hopeful, this bill could be
deemed a well-timed move to guarantee
media coverage and increased support
from a wider demographic. However,
all cynicism aside, all such publicity is
good publicity for the Cannabis cause.
It is to be hoped that Congressmen Paul
good chance of this bill getting at least a
little floor time, and perhaps a few more
Congressional Representatives will stop
and think for a moment longer when
considering HR 2306.
BOTH RON PAUL AND BARNEY FRANK
HAVE A STRONG BACKGROUND IN PROHEMP AND MARIJUANA CAMPAIGNING.
10
STRAIN REPORT
StrainGeniusLab Awards
Best Pain Relieving Strain
Award (High THC)
Sovereign og, Sovereign, SGL02191
With this strain scoring high at nearly
20% THC, this indica is sure to take your
pain away – and probably your sensibilities too. Beginners beware! Too much of
a toke from these beauties and you’ll
find yourself in couch-lock paranoia. Even
the cartoons you’re watching on the television set will know how high you are.
Connoisseurs: rejoice, relax, and enjoy this
Sovereign OG from Sovereign.
Cannabinoid
9-Tetrahydrocannabinol
Cannabidiol
Cannabinol
8-Tetrahydrocannabinol
Cannabichromene
Cannabicyclol
Cannabielsoin
Cannabigerol
Cannabinidiol
Cannabitriol
Miscellaneous types
9-THC
CBD
CBN
8-THC
CBC
CBL
CBE
CBG
CBND
CBT
Best Anxiety Relief Award (High CBD)
While we see many great rating THC strains every day, the
rarest of the rare are high CBD (Cannabidiol) strains. These
are an interesting breed that, strangely enough, are known
for their properties in not getting you too high. They maintain many pain relief qualities, but are best known for their
exceptional anxiety relief. It’s a completely different experience that we highly recommend. So if you need to pass that
calculus test, but need to take the edge off, pick up some
Platinum Bubba from Paragon. Remember though, not all
strains are created equal! We’ve seen several Bubba strains
with no CBD content at all. So hats off to these master growers for cultivating this rare gem.
Sexiest Strain Award
%
21.98 %
0.61 %
0.19 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Platinum Bubba, Paragon, SGL01328
Indica Non-Organic Indoor
Cannabinoid
9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC
Cannabidiol
CBD
Cannabinol
CBN
General Effects
%
Analgesic, neuro-protector, appetite stimulant
17.52 %
Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, inhibits cancer cell growth 1.86 %
Modifies ‘high’, byproduct of THC degradation
0.60 %
Paragon
77928 Paladas Rd.
Palm Desert, CA
92211
(951) 219-4600
Downtown Collective, 1600 South Hill St. Unit D., Los Angeles, CA 90015, (213) 746-8420
Indica Non-Organic Indoor
Cannabinoid
9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC
Cannabidiol
CBD
Cannabinol
CBN
8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC
Cannabichromene
CBC
Cannabicyclol
CBL
Cannabielsoin
CBE
Cannabigerol
CBG
Cannabinidiol
CBND
Cannabitriol
CBT
Miscellaneous types
Pretty in Purple Award
We can’t help ourselves. We’re always
blown away by the purps. They leap off
the camera lens begging ‘Look at me,
dahling!’ It’s a difficult choice to choose
the best; however, the A1 Purple from
The Green Door Collective is a clear winner. She’s a dark burgundy, reminiscent of
a plum-colored Cabernet. Her trichomes
are lined up in perfect single-file for your
viewing pleasure.
Harry likes ‘em hairy, and the
Red Warrior doesn’t disappoint.
At 20.22% THC, she could be the
strongest weapon on the battlefield,
and she’ll visually enchant anyone
who sets their on eyes upon her. This
red-headed stepchild is bursting
with supermodel appeal. Beneath
that amazing head of thick, sunset
hairs are glowing white bulbs just
begging for your vaporizer.
General Effects
Analgesic, neuro-protector, appetite stimulant
Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, inhibits cancer cell growth
Modifies ‘high’, byproduct of THC degradation
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Additional information coming soon
Louis XIII , Downtown Collective, SGL02337
The Downtown Collective has a winner this month with their picturesque Louis XIII. Behold the greenest
of greens! It’s as if you could see
nature’s essence flowing through
this beauty. She boasts a gorgeous
glow with well-placed hairs and
bright, alive trichomes throughout.
This strong indica is great for an
afternoon of relaxation or an after
work couch party. Feeling lonely?
Wrap your lips around nature’s most
fertile Louis XIII.
Uncle Harry’s Mistress
Award
Photos by: Nick Angilello
General Effects
%
Analgesic, neuro-protector, appetite stimulant
20.22 %
Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, inhibits cancer cell growth 0.89 %
Modifies ‘high’, byproduct of THC degradation
0.61 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
A1 Purple, The Green Door San Diego, SGL02323
Indica Organic Indoor
Cannabinoid
9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC
Cannabidiol
CBD
Cannabinol
CBN
8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC
Cannabichromene
CBC
Cannabicyclol
CBL
Cannabielsoin
CBE
Cannabigerol
CBG
Cannabinidiol
CBND
Cannabitriol
CBT
Miscellaneous types
General Effects
%
Analgesic, neuro-protector, appetite stimulant
17.14 %
Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, inhibits cancer cell growth 0.47 %
Modifies ‘high’, byproduct of THC degradation
0.11 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Master Kush, Chronically Inclined , SGL02207
Indica Organic Greenhouse
Cannabinoid
9-Tetrahydrocannabinol 9-THC
Cannabidiol
CBD
Cannabinol
CBN
8-Tetrahydrocannabinol 8-THC
Cannabichromene
CBC
Cannabicyclol
CBL
Cannabielsoin
CBE
Cannabigerol
CBG
Cannabinidiol
CBND
Cannabitriol
CBT
Miscellaneous types
General Effects
%
Analgesic, neuro-protector, appetite stimulant
20.22 %
Anti-anxiety, anti-convulsant, inhibits cancer cell growth 0.86 %
Modifies ‘high’, byproduct of THC degradation
0.34 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
Additional information coming soon.
0.00 %
The Green Door San Diego, San Diego, CA
12
GREEN PRISONERS
POLITICAL PRISONER AND ACTIVIST EDDY LEPP TALKS WITH SOFT SECRETS USA
Eddy Lepp Speaks
Eddy Lepp owned and operated Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens in Lake
County, CA until his conviction and sentencing in 2008. His garden
was operated in compliance with California State law, but in conflict
with Federal law. Judge Marilyn Patel noted the ten-year mandatory minimum was excessive, but did not mitigate his sentence.
Today, Eddy is housed at Lompoc Federal Prison Camp in California,
Grubbycup
awaiting appeal.
A Rastafari minister, Eddy’s congregation
was comprised of cancer patients, AIDS
patients and other medical users seeking
to grow their own medicinal Cannabis –
and Rastafarian sacrament. He became
involved with helping people connect
with safe access to medical Cannabis after
his father was diagnosed with cancer. The
illness made eating difficult for his father,
and smoking marijuana helped. “At his
memorial his doctor told me I added several months to his life by having him
smoke marijuana.”
When asked about his first wife Linda,
Eddy explains, “Either you never met her
or you loved her. She was a healer and was
able to help many people. She was one of
the kindest souls I have ever met and just
about all who knew her will testify to that.
She was special. She was my ‘Little Bitty
Pretty One.’”
Rev. Eddy contends that the religious
use of Cannabis is nothing new: “It is the
main ingredient in the holy anointing oil
in the Bible. I have kept my word as Jah
did for me.” Sadly, Linda passed away
shortly before Eddy was arrested.
Arrested in California, Eddy inhabited
the gray area between what states claim
to be the rights of its citizens to seek
non-pharmaceutical relief, versus the
overseeing Federal government’s more
restrictive stance.
“I broke no laws in the state of California.
I am most definitely a political prisoner.
‘Eddy’s Medicinal Gardens and MultiDenominational Chapel of Cannabis and
Rastafari’ was a dream, a belief that we
could help ourselves and others without
help or aid from the government, which
we proved (in spite of where I am) that
we could do.”
Irrigated by a drip system with overhead
misters, and using natural and organic
nutrients, 25 acres of land were held by
the Church for use by the congregation.
indoors allows for increased security
and seasonal flexibility, but artificial
lighting is much more expensive than
using natural sunlight.
“From what I understand they are all
indoors and that makes them cost
prohibitive. Most dispensaries charge
$15-$25 a gram for medical marijuana.
Through the Church the cost was about
a dollar a gram.”
Cannabis has been illegal in California for
less than 100 years; the re-legalization
movement seems to be making progress,
and pressure from citizens to restore that
freedom to the citizenry is mounting. In a
democracy, the will of the majority of the
population should determine the direction of government. As the number of
states where democratically-passed leg-
MOST DISPENSARIES CHARGE $15-$25 A GRAM FOR MEDICAL
MARIJUANA. THROUGH THE CHURCH THE COST WAS ABOUT A DOLLAR A GRAM.
There are eight million people without
health insurance in California, and medical care charges more to private citizens
than it does to insurance companies.
Current prescription costs are beyond
the financial grasp of many. According to
Eddy, the legalized extortion of money
that the insurance and pharmaceutical
companies are allowed to enjoy in this
“We started in December with plants
going into the ground. In March they
were still being planted. We were still
planting as late as May or June.”
islation allowing some local use of marijuana rises, at some point the Federal
government should accept the will of
the citizens.
The Church was “loved and wellreceived.” The Church made charitable
donations to the local poor, and offered
a way for people to obtain medical
“I believe they have already lost the
fight but, as a rattlesnake with a broken
back, they are still striking out at everyone in their death throes... it is only a
matter of time.”
Time goes slowly for imprisoned Eddy.
“Life in prison is very boring. There is little
to do and less to care about. I [play] Bocci,
read, write. The guys I am in here with,
many of them are wonderful people and
we would all be better off with many of
them home with their families, helping.”
Eddy eventually remarried, after the loss
of his first wife, to a woman whom he
says “is the love of my life, my friend, my
partner, my strength. She goes to many
events and never tires of telling the world
of our FIGHT FOR JUSTICE.”
Linda developed thyroid cancer, and again
forced Eddy to watch a loved one suffer,
highlighting the problems related to using
only traditional cancer treatments. When
she developed cancer, he “made a promise
to Jah (God) that in exchange for spiritual
strength for his wife, he would devote the
rest of [his] life to helping people and telling them about the Sacred Plant.”
“THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!”
country means they “are really no worse
than the rest of Corporate America. Big
business is killing this country. It began
with FDR and has resulted in the loss of
our greatest asset: the great American
farmer. If the big business and the
banks aren’t brought to heel soon, I fear
for our future as a world power, and sadly
as a nation.”
5
Cannabis without paying black market
prices or contributing to the cash flow of
underworld smugglers.
Even while Eddy is serving out his sentence for similar activities, California
cities, such as Oakland, discuss making provisions for large scale licensed
indoor cultivation. Growing Cannabis
“ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES”
17
There are six-and-a-half more years
remaining in Eddy’s sentence, and an
appeal is in process.
Eddy advises to get the most out of
Cannabis: “Go slow and enjoy the benefits, especially the closer relationships
you will have with the ‘most high’ as you
understand it. I am never closer to Jah as
when I use the Sacred Herb. If you believe
in something, follow your dreams. If you
try and work hard enough they will all
come TRUE.”
To learn more about Eddy’s case and
those of other Green Prisoners, visit
» www.Green-Aid.com.
Peace, love and puka shells, Grubbycup
“HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS”
20
13
AMSTERRANT
Dutch Weed Pass:
THANK YOU, PLEASE
DON’T COME AGAIN
Well, as I write this, the Dutch government is busy banging another
nail into the coffin of Cannabis
tourism. They have decided they
don’t want your dollars any more
and the next time you visit Europe
they’d prefer if you went elsewhere to smoke your dope. In a
brain-churning stroke of ostrich
politics, they want to turn our
coffeeshops into private clubs, off
limits to you and all other visitors to Holland. Yes, folks, should
you come to visit the fair city
of Amsterdam and want to buy
some weed, then you’re out of
luck… unless you have a ‘wietby O’Riodon
pas’ (weed pass).
Unfortunately you can only get one of
these if you’re a legal, tax paying resident, but it doesn’t stop there. In order
to get a pass you have to register your
name, address and social security number; also, the pass is only valid in the coffeeshop nearest to where you live. They
even know when you buy and how much
because payment must be done with a
bank card – no more cash. This could be a
law within six months. After that, tourists
will potentially only be able to access the
passes from their hotel reception or doormen; or, they will just have to buy off the
street. Quality will go down and there is
the added opportunity to get involved in
a violent street crime. This is sending us
back to the ‘80s, when we had lots of bad
drugs and violence on the streets, and
tourists were ripped off all the time.
Today, Amsterdam is a clean, friendly city,
visited by millions of people and (according to the statistics) a quarter of them
will safely visit a coffeeshop, a tradition
as Dutch as tulips and cheese. To close
THIS TINY CARD COULD INCITE A HUGE UPROAR. (PHOTO: MARCEL VAN HOORN)
them to visitors is not only stupid, but discriminatory and a denial of people’s rights.
The city of Amsterdam is against the plan
and a number of other cities in Holland
have also expressed doubts; they would
prefer a more liberal approach, but the
government in The Hague is not listening,
despite all the advice to the contrary.
When the Minister of Justice was asked
about the increase in street dealing that
would follow such a move, his reply was
simply, ‘the police will deal with it.’ They’ve
just cut the police force. In their war on
the growers, private companies now deal
with a large part of the busts. Sure, it is the
police who serve the warrant and make
the arrest, but then private enterprise
takes over. Weed may be ‘legal’ in the
do. When medical marijuana became big
news in the States, they realized it was an
opportunity to do the same in Holland,
with a few changes. Whereas the US system is run by medical practitioners, ours
will be run by the justice department
and they will want everybody’s name and
number. This is the same justice department that carries out more telephone taps
than any other country in the world.
Meanwhile in the criminal world, champagne corks are already popping; the
move will expand an already huge black
market. This is a mistake of Himalayan
proportions and experts have told them
so, but the government will not listen. This
is a moment for some clear-headed thinking and an admission that recreational
wants to push the price to over thirty
dollars a gram and then tax it. The new
weed pass will fit very well into their
plan, because they will have everybody’s
bank- and personal details. What if this
information falls into the wrong hands?
It could have far-reaching effects: denial
of auto insurance; negatively impact a
job application or a custody hearing, etc..
This is dangerous territory and infringes
upon our human rights.
Fortunately there are number of groups
challenging the law on the grounds of
discrimination (which is against a current
EEC law), but the Minister of Justice is
just pig-headed enough to try and push
it through, then fight about it with the
European Parliament later.
SHOULD YOU VISIT AMSTERDAM AND WANT TO BUY SOME WEED,
THEN YOU’RE OUT OF LUCK… UNLESS YOU HAVE A ‘WIETPAS’ (WEED PASS)
coffeeshops, but a hundred mature plants
can get you a 10K fine and the chance of a
life-changing experience.
This government, an unelected coalition
of tight-assed racists and poker-faced
deniers, has been wrestling with the
‘Cannabis problem’ since they first got
together in their grubby little pact. They
wished Cannabis didn’t exist, along with
all the weirdos who smoke it, but we
Cannabis use poses no threat whatsoever to society. The public know this, so
why don’t politicians get it? It makes me
wonder if there isn’t some ulterior motive,
probably involving money.
There have been rumors of a rather cynical plan that would explain the continuing onslaught on the growers. As a result
of all the busts, prices have been rising
steadily. It is believed the government
ONLY LEGAL, RESIDENT TAX-PAYERS WILL BE ELIGIBLE FOR
THE DUTCH GEDOOGKABINET (TOLERANCE CABINET)
THE NEW CARD – EFFECTIVELY PRIVATE MEMBERSHIP.
All this is happening in a time when the
French, who until now have been the bad
guys with their relentless persecution of
the Cannabis user, are suddenly looking at it in a favorable light. A Monsieur
Valiant, an ex-cabinet minister, has put
forth a proposal to bring Cannabis under
the same law that governs tobacco. He
suggests the government should set
aside a hundred thousand acres and start
major cultivation. Then the highly-taxed
product would be sold in local tobacconists, bringing in enough revenue to
kick-start the economy. Importers and
non-licensed growers would still be prosecuted, but not so harshly. Now, if France
can come up with something positive,
why can’t Holland?
So, after all the ID checks, you have finally
been issued with a weed pass and you
need a smoke. Well, whether it’s good or
bad, you’ll have buy from your nearest
coffeeshop, because the card is not valid
anywhere else. So much for free choice;
if you’re lucky you might find something
good and buy the maximum allowance –
three whole grams!
14
INTERVIEW
Pirates of the High Seeds
The Internet has been a huge boon for growers around the world,
especially those who are not in the position of being able to browse
real-life shops for their growing needs. The days of popping over to
Amsterdam or asking a friend to send or bring some back are over.
But as with the rest of the ‘Net, the Cannabis seed business is a victim
of the ease with which ideas can be ripped off and copied. The ‘Net,
it seems, is a haven for fly-by-night merchants, cyber-squatters and
pirates. Today, it’s not just Chanel, Prada and branded cigarettes that
are being faked and pirated. The names and intellectual property of
well-known quality weed strains are being increasingly ripped off too
– but without the protection in law granted to legitimate businesses.
SSUSA spoke to Simon, old-school seed
breeder extraordinaire and owner of
Serious Seeds, whose award-winning
household names, such as Bubblegum
and AK-47, are among the worst hit by this
scurrilous activity.
Soft Secrets: You were talking about
ripping off the names of weed strains.
Simon: Yes; it may sound like a trivial
thing, but I don’t think it is. It’s a widespread thing. If you’re buying seeds off
the Internet by name, lots of times you
will find what you get is not what you
anticipated. Lots of people are trying to
parasitize on the popularity of certain
names. They build pirate websites, some-
times not selling anything at all. People
‘buy’ something by credit card and never
get anything. If they’re lucky they get
bogus seeds, and only if they’re really
lucky do they get the real thing. It’s very
widespread; it’s written about in forums
and so on, and it filters back to me.
When did you first become aware of
this problem with piracy?
Before I had started my own business. I
was a grower back then, when you had
Skunk and Northern Lights already and in
Amsterdam there were shops with seeds
with those names way cheaper than the
original. So pirates have been there from
the start – because it’s lucrative, and we
By Jules Marshall
operate in a world that is not really protected like regular companies are. They
can make lawsuits and all the rest, but
in our business we are far more limited,
especially when you are operating internationally. People know that.
Growers are basically victims. They pay for
all those people who parasitize on them,
basically. I also get emails regularly from
people ‘I bought these AK seeds from this
shop – are they real?’ Sometimes they are
and sometimes they’re not. Serious Seeds
has a shop list of legitimate shops on its
website which sell the real thing. We guarantee this. People can ask whether shops
not on the list are real or not.
It has happened already that companies
copy the packaging too, right to the last
detail, selling the seeds as if they are real.
Serious Seeds is the only company as far
as I know who individually number each
seed package, and we keep a database of
that. This is only because of this problem.
We are also the only company that guarantees our seeds – to protect the customer. If they buy seeds and they have a
bad experience – even if they fucked up
themselves – we give them new seeds.
We want them to have a good experience
with our seeds, so we go very far with
our customer service. We have a list of
legit sites; they can call and check ‘is this
a good one or not?’ It’s all to protect the
end customer.
How much are pirates typically making on ripped off seeds? How much
cheaper are generic seeds compared to
branded AK-47 seeds from you?
AK-47 is not the most expensive seed
but it is certainly not a cheap one either.
Its sort of ‘upper-middle class’, let’s say.
So 80 Euros (ca. $115) for 11 seeds. And
that is interesting enough for pirates to
want to copy.
And with virtually no chance of them
being caught.
Very little, yep.
WHITE RUSSIAN IS ONE OF THE MANY LEGENDARY
STRAINS CREATED BY SERIOUS SEEDS
So would you like to see or would you
advise other companies to be as careful
as Serious in documenting and labeling
their varieties? Copying what you’re
doing?
You can see that the main interest of
establishing companies is still making
money. So the fact that nobody does it is
already pointing in that direction. Nobody
else is doing it, and I’m not here to advise
other companies. But we have done it
since Day One. I started to sell the seed
tubes and now almost everybody is doing
it, especially the Spanish companies. So
you can see that they take over good
ideas, but not the full labeling. It is a lot of
hassle to do it: checking numbers, fielding
complaints. The idea usually is just to sell
them and wash your hands [of it]. I don’t
know exactly how other companies deal
with complaints.
Are there independent websites where
growers can discuss among themselves
which seeds or sellers are legit, which
websites are not to be trusted?
I have seen such sites, although I can’t
remember where I saw them. There are
also Black Lists too, but I don’t visit forums
a lot so can’t say where for sure.
I’ll give you an example of one case –
Ontario Seed Bank, OSB – a shop from
Canada. He’s been operating for a couple
of years, takes the whole back cover of
the High Times for an advertisement.
He used to buy Serious Seeds from us.
But at some point we got a couple of
complaints very close to each other from
their customers, and from the type of the
complaint it was clear that these were
not Serious Seeds they were getting.
The packaging was sort of mine, but
not totally. So I called the shop, talked
to the owner, said ‘hey man, I’m getting
complaints here and they’re not getting
Serious Seeds from you; you’re obviously
selling seeds as if they were Serious’ –
and he didn’t even bother to deny it.
According to him he wasn’t doing anything wrong. He had been selling our
seeds for a while, and now he was selling
his own seeds as if they were Serious. His
first line of argument was that he had to
deal with possible complaints, and blah
blah blah. Basically: ‘What do you care? If
they have complaints I have to face them.’
I said, ‘No, you’re making money while giving us a bad name; they come to buy our
15
decides: that’s what I want, goes to the
shop and asks for AK-47, that he shouldn’t
be confused with names that are the same
or similar and he’s not getting what he
wanted. That is my main concern. If something just reminds you of AK-47, then it’s
OK by me. There are seeds called OK-57,
Armageddon 47 and Jack 47. Like that it is
clear that they were derived from AK-47,
but there is no danger of confusion with
the original. Or so I hope.
I guess one answer is to do something like they’re starting to set up in
America, where you treat the marihuana industry like any other branch of the
agricultural industry, with complete
documentation from seed to consumer.
Yes, that’s one way, but you have to pay
a lot of money for such protection. My
names are protected in Benelux. There
have been cases and law suits about
names already, but in European courts
they have a hard time not to burst out
laughing, because they think it’s funny.
But what is the difference to this and if
Mr. Heineken was there or a cigarette
company? I tell you what the difference
is: we’re dealing with a very relaxed, nonpoisonous product, while they are selling
really dangerous drugs – except, theirs are
legal and ours is not. It’s all about money.
All we can do is try to protect our interests
and name as best we can.
What you also see is people start a website and start selling seeds, and after three
months shut the whole business down
and start a new thing. They’re even harder
to track down.
seeds, not your copies.’ He thought it was
perfectly fine to do that, and is still doing
it. From customers I know, he’s doing
it with other companies too. That’s how
weird it can get.
this issue; they are not in the business
and know no better. They are offered
seeds under these names and they buy
them and sell them. Luckily I found out
right away, and since it was not a delib-
GROWERS ARE BASICALLY VICTIMS. THEY PAY FOR
ALL THOSE PEOPLE WHO PARASITIZE ON THEM.
I guess when the seeds business was
mostly confined to Amsterdam or
Holland, you could put out inquires,
maybe find out what was going on
through your personal networks and
had a bit more control, but with the
Internet it’s almost impossible.
I found out a couple of months ago that
nowadays… this business started with
small seed companies, Sensi Seeds and
so on. Now it is all about big companies
in Spain growing massive amounts of
seeds and selling to everyone. So now
there are coffeeshops or grow shops and
bars or whatever, selling them under
their own name. Several coffeeshops
in Amsterdam are starting to sell seeds
under their own name; they’re all bought
from a big producer – and guess what?
They started selling seeds which are
originally Serious names: Bubblegum,
Chronic – popular names.
So just pinching your names and sticking them on their own seeds?
Yep. The coffeeshops that are buying
them, they don’t know enough about
erate action against Serious Seeds, they
agreed to stop using my names. So you
have to be on the lookout even here in
Amsterdam. It’s happening in Holland, let
alone internationally.
A company in Amsterdam – Spliff – just
started selling Bubblegum, AK-47 as if it’s
completely normal. Nirvana started selling AK-47 until I spotted this at a Cannabis
Cup a few years ago and said ‘What the
As a variant; variations on names is
common throughout the industry.
AK-47 is probably the most copied name
in the business. It means when I pay for an
ad in a booklet or guide or whatever, right
next to my entry is an AK-48, a Jack 47,
Kaya 47, Oké 47, Olé 47, AK-74, to name
only a few. All copies of the original AK-47.
They all seem like equals in the booklet
but I see them as copies and in my opinion, not really living up to the original. But
when you see them all printed together it
looks like they are all in the same league.
Especially when all you can have printed is
the name and flowering time, and it’s not
permitted to mention all the awards the
strain has won. To take part under those
conditions is just degrading to the original
and to my company.
So what should growers do to safeguard their choice of seeds?
Another thing you see is… Paradise Seeds
contacted me – no I contacted them,
a couple of years ago. Their website is
called paradiseseeds.com, and someone
else started a site called paradiseseeds.
nl. They look very similar but are not, and
the rogue site is attracting attention away
from the original site. They sell seeds of
course, and are registered in Canada. But
it’s very hard to find out who’s behind it.
So a customer has to not just look at the
name but also look at the company who
is producing it. If those two are matched,
and you also find out what the packaging
looks like, then the chances of success
are greater. Also, look at the website of
the company to see if it is a legit shop.
You have to look at all these things to
boost your chance of success; don’t just
go by the name.
AK-47 IS PROBABLY THE MOST COPIED NAME IN THE BUSINESS
fuck is this? You’re using my name. You
have to stop immediately.’ Finally they
understood my point.
That is also difficult: people who did not
lift a finger to make seeds themselves
– they have no clue how much time it
takes; they just start selling seeds with
somebody else’s name, so they don’t
appreciate the problem. Nirvana promised they’d change the name, and they
did: to AK-48!
The best thing is to check which company
has made the seeds. Unlike the name of
the seeds, this is seldom copied. Like I
said, I went along with the name changes
by Nirvana, White Label seeds and others but there are still a lot of companies
selling AK-47 at some point. After my
intervention they changed the name to
something referring to or close to AK-47,
which is fine. But my concern is that the
customer, when he smokes alone or with
friends some AK-47, and at some point
Wow, there’s a lot to say about this
subject.
There is. I mean, you don’t want to moan
about it all the time, but it is also good for
the end customer, because they pay the
price, so I think we have a responsibility to
warn them, to make them realize that this
is going on. Before they buy their seeds.
So there you have it; ultimately, it’s back
to the old Caveat Emptor – buyer beware.
17
HEMPTECH
Bullet-proof:
by Kali Mist
One More Way That Hemp Plastic Could Save Our Lives
Plastics are everywhere. There’s no escaping them in modern life – we wear them,
walk on them, drive in them, fly in them;
we even use them as armor, in the form
of Kevlar and other similar technologies.
Without a return to a vastly simpler existence, there’s no way we can get rid of
them any time soon. But there is only so
much the planet can stand – and with
plastic waste choking the oceans, trees
and soil, we must find sustainable and
environmentally acceptable alternatives
soon. Even though the very first plastics
were of organic origin, synthetic plastics
became the standard, and rapidly became
seen as indispensable. Due to their versatile nature, there is a huge amount of
money to be made in plastics, and it is
much easier to slap a patent on a synthetic product than one based on plants
growing abundantly in nature, as the multinationals have been demonstrating for
years. Even the biggest global businesses
are beginning to recognize the potential
for bio-plastics, but the impetus needs to
increase still further before we see universal uptake of sustainable technologies.
The more publicity that we can bring to
these innovative hemp researchers, the
more we at SSUSA feel we are doing
something to assist their efforts.
materials and products, prices remain
high, supplies inconsistent and public
awareness minimal. But the small number
of innovative organizations out there that
are investing heavily into hemp research is
slowly growing, and with every new piece
of research a new incentive emerges for
others to join in the movement. With time,
more and more sectors of industry will
become aware of the advantages of hemp
plastic, and with consumer awareness at
an all-time high, eco-friendly ethics are
becoming the safest choice for companies
wishing to maintain their profit margins.
The most significant developments have
arguably been in the field of composite
plastics, where a reinforcing fiber (in this
case, the ‘bast’ fibers of the hemp plant)
is mixed with a resin, such as unsaturated
polyester, or organic plant-based resins
to form a wholly ‘natural’ plastic. Plastics
formed in this way can be thermoplastic (i.e. upon repeated heating, they can
be molded and remolded into shapes
that will be retained when cooled) or
thermosetting. The latter type of plastics
is formed at high temperatures, but if
reheated retain their characteristics and
cannot be remolded. Some of them are
capable of withstanding intense and pro-
Kevlar, or poly(p-phenyleneterephtalamide), is a synthetic ‘para-aramid’ polyamide fiber developed and patented by
DuPont in 1965, which was revolutionary in the world of polymer research at
that time. Aramids are the class of highstrength, highly heat-resistant synthetic
polymers mostly developed for military
and aerospace applications; para-aramids have the best strength-to-weight
ratio of them all.
THE KEVLAR FIBER IN ITS
However, it was while attempting to
develop a strong, light material (to be
used as a substitute for steel in racing
tires) that researchers found that in a
solution of concentrated sulfuric acid,
the monomers 1,4-phenylene-diamine
and terephthaloyl chloride take on a
polymerized liquid crystal form. When
spun, this produces a fiber, around five
times stronger than steel, that does not
break in the way that nylon and other
synthetic fibers do – due to strong, weblike inter-molecular bonds between the
polymer chains, which cause them to
form ring-like structures.
Furthermore, the propensity for ‘aromatic stacking interactions’ gives the fiber
incredible strength and consistency: this
“With plastic waste choking the oceans, trees
and soil, we must find sustainable and environmentally
acceptable alternatives soon.”
Over the last decade or so, advances in
hemp plastic have meant that a wide
selection of products is now available,
and research into further potential uses
is picking up pace in many countries of
the world. In the USA, not all possibilities
are being as explored as they should, due
to a combination of inter-related factors
– domestic hemp production remains illegal, so while it is possible to import hemp
longed heat, severe impacts and exposure
to extremely corrosive or harmful chemicals. Their characteristics depend on the
resin used, but more importantly, the fiber
used to provide strength and durability. These fibers, when not sourced from
organic materials (such as hemp or flax),
are usually created in the laboratory in the
form of synthetic polymers – nylon, acrylic
and carbon fiber are common examples.
KEVLAR HAS A VERY HIGH TENSILE STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO, MAKING
IT IDEAL FOR USES SUCH AS THIS SAILCLOTH. (© HENRY HEATLY)
is the tendency for said polymer rings to
respond to molecular forces during processing and grow in an even, cylindrical
shape – somewhat like a stack of coins.
The resulting ultra-thin, ultra-strong Kevlar
fiber can be woven to produce textiles,
or layered with resin and thermoset to
form composite plastics, all of which show
remarkable resistance to tearing and cutting as well as to fire and heavy impacts.
UNPROCESSED STATE (©CJP24)
A DIAGRAM OF THE MOLECULAR
STRUCTURE OF KEVLAR, SHOWING
THE INTERLINKED POLYMER RINGS
(© BEN MILLS EPHEMERONIUM)
The new fiber had astonishing potential
as a substitute for steel and more, and further research was undertaken immediately. There are now several grades of Kevlar
on offer in the form of various papers,
yarns and fibers. These have a number of
uses extending beyond the original use in
car tires, and are the best-known current
application of body- and vehicle armor
to cover ropes, cables, brake linings and
sporting equipment. Kevlar is also very
stable in extremes of temperature – especially sub-zero levels – and has very low
thermal conductivity, meaning that it is
an excellent insulator and can be used in
fire-proof clothing, as well as heat-containing linings for aircraft. However, Kevlar
is generally expensive to produce due to
the fact that concentrated sulfuric acid is
costly, and dangerous to work with in an
industrial setting. A further disadvantage
is its low resistance to sunlight and tendency to degrade under UV light, mean-
DUE TO ITS FIRE-PROOF NATURE, KEVLAR HAS MANY USES
– AS SEEN HERE WITH THESE FIRE-STICK WICKS. (© PHIDAUEX)
18
HEMP HOODLAMB’S BULLET-PROOF
HEMP FIBER HAS A COMPARABLE, IF NOT BETTER, STRENGTH-TO-WEIGHT RATIO
MEN’S JACKET (© GABE MCINTYRE)
AND IS AN IDEAL SUBSTITUTE FOR KEVLAR IN MANY APPLICATIONS. (© JI-ELLE)
ing that additional protective measures
are often needed. Lower-cost alternatives
for Kevlar are constantly being sought.
In at least one of its uses, in brake pads,
replacing Kevlar with hemp composite plastic would reduce the cost by a
factor of around fifteen. Kevlar is used
here, ironically, as a more benign alternative to asbestos, which produces a toxic
dust; hemp plastics offer a cheaper and
more sustainable option. In the automobile industry in general (but especially
in Europe where there is a long tradition
of hemp cultivation, more relaxed laws
and a much cheaper and more consistent
supply) hemp plastic and fiber products
are increasingly known and used. Hempreinforced plastics can have an impact
but are capable of protecting against otherwise highly dangerous impacts, such
as those from projectiles. These textiles
are used in a wide variety of protective
or industrial clothing due to their fire and
chemical-resistant properties. Researchers
at the Georgia Institute of Technology are
even investigating the potential to create
electricity-generating clothing by interweaving zinc oxide nanowires between
the Kevlar fibers. But it seems that everything Kevlar can do, hemp can do just as
well, and maybe better.
While remarkably strong in itself, the raw
hemp fibers can also be treated in various
ways to alter the characteristics of the
finished fiber. At least one treated hempfiber product is already available, Crailar,
used in US research into Kevlar alternatives, as it appears to be even stronger
and lighter. However, these spiders are
rare, and silk farming in general is often
less than eco-friendly. Hemp is abundant,
fast-growing and (usually) cheap, as well
as comparing to or out-performing silk in
many aspects, so as a sustainable option it
is clearly favorable. However, the silk vests
tested so far have reached up to level III-A,
a reasonable level of protection against
handguns for an urban or police application, and hemp fiber technology still has a
little catching up to do.
The Amsterdam company HempWorks
has an in-house clothing label, Hemp
Hoodlamb, who offer a level II-A bulletproof men’s jacket, tested with shots
“While it is possible to import hemp materials
and products, prices remain high, supplies inconsistent
and public awareness minimal.”
resistance and tensile strength ten times
that of steel, and thus are useful in manufacture of lightweight materials that can
be used as automobile paneling (also for
armored vehicles), as well as body armor
and even powerboat hulls.
The fire-resistant nature of many hemp fibers and fiber composites also makes them
particularly strong potential candidates for
substitution of Kevlar when used for manufacture of protective clothing for firemen
– and other fire-proof items such as fireeaters sticks. However, such products are
neither well-known nor widely-available,
and it is clear there is much still to be done
before hemp products replace Kevlar and
other environmentally-damaging plastics.
The Kevlar fiber can also be woven into
textiles, and in this manner can be used
to make lightweight, discreet items of
clothing that are not apparently armored
that demonstrates remarkable tensile
strength, very good strength-to-weight
ratio, and high durability (as well as an
almost silk-like texture when woven into
textiles). It is produced by washing the
hemp fiber in a ‘patented enzymatic bath’,
which increases its softness and suppleness. The fiber can also be used as a basis
for composite plastics, and due to the
thermo-regulating properties of hemp,
is useful in extremes of temperature.
Although the company behind Crailar,
Naturally Advanced Technologies, is not
actively researching bullet-proof clothing
themselves, the fiber demonstrates many
of the necessary characteristics.
Interestingly, silk itself was used in some
of the earliest bullet-proof vests, and is
also being trialled in modern Thailand as
a low-cost alternative to standard bulletproof clothing for police. The silk of a particular Black Widow spider is even being
fired from a Glock 9mm, a .22 and a .357
Magnum. This discreet item has a fairly low
protection rating due to the thin layer of
polymer textile over the standard shell of
the jacket, so is obviously more suitable for
an urban setting than for high-risk police
work or warfare. These jackets still represent a significant advance in hemp fiber
research – and demonstrate major potential for the future. Costs of such discreet
bullet-proof clothing, even those based
upon traditional plastics, can easily run
into the hundreds or thousands of dollars.
While clothing based upon hemp is still
expensive, it is competitive, and it would
be expected that costs will continue to fall
as the industry continues to pick up pace.
Since their discovery in the 19th century,
much research has gone into the field
of thermosetting composites, such as
those made from Kevlar. There are countless different applications, in innumerable
different areas of industry: construction,
vehicles, fashion and jewelery, packaging,
sports equipment; as well as manufacture
of weaponry and defensive items. Hemp
composites have been shown to be equally strong, and in many cases stronger, than
current industry standard materials – and
not just Kevlar but also glass- and carbonreinforced composites (which are currently
used in pretty much everything you or
I own). Many of these everyday plastics
have a truly terrible environmental track
record – they require lengthy, hazardous
and often costly production processes, are
mostly non-biodegradable, often ‘disposable’, and are filling up landfills and the
ocean everywhere one looks with harmful detritus that will never decompose.
Therefore, seeking alternatives to these
current standards is imperative, and the
closer we look at natural composites, the
more necessary it seems to make them the
norm – and fast!
While most lovers of Cannabis have no
desire to see the plant used for military
or law-enforcement purposes, the potential for hemp in such a massive sector of
industry simply cannot be ignored. The
fact that the industry is worth so much
money is in itself significant in that there
is almost unlimited funding available
from the top multinationals for research
and development. Car companies such
as Honda, Chrysler and Mercedes are all
using hemp plastic as we speak, and are
likely channeling further capital into R & D.
The question now is, who will be the next
industry giant to take up the challenge
of making hemp economically viable?
Certain stalwarts of the plastics industry
would do well to pay attention to the
growing hype around hemp. It would be
most fitting if a hemp-based plastic could
knock DuPont’s product off the top spot.
Given the rabid hostility demonstrated
by DuPont towards the innocent hemp
plant since the 1930s, it’s only right that
we actually give them a reason for hating.
20
MADE IN HOLLAND
How to
Feminize
Cannabis:
MAKE HER AN HONEST WOMAN
THE PLANTS ARE TRIGGERED INTO FLOWER AND SPRAYED SEVERAL TIMES. AFTER A FEW WEEKS,
Photos: DHSC
THE FLOWERS/HERMIES BEGIN TO SHOW, SEEN HERE IN THE STRAWBERRY SOUR DIESEL.
21
In issue #3 of SSUSA, we introduced you to the Devil’s Harvest
Seed Company, relatively new
faces on the Amsterdam seed
scene. They were generous
enough to share their company
secrets and explain how they got
started. In this issue, the DHSC
explain how they utilize the
STS method (Silver Thiosulfate)
to produce feminized Cannabis
genetics, why they do it and
how their genetics are received
Sativa Diva
around the world.
solve all their problems. But you realize
when growing with feminized that they
don’t help you to develop your skills; it
just allows you to grow something once,
and to recreate something new every
three months.”
While checking out a variety of feminization techniques, the DHSC found that,
“through trial and error, the STS method
seems to be the most successful one in
the industry, and from talking to many
people who make feminized seeds, it
appears to be the favorite. It seems to be
the most reliable; it works, simple as that.”
STS is a compound often found in photography labs, the silver in which ‘locks out’
the copper in plants. Because copper is a
required micronutrient, inhibiting it causes ‘ethylene signaling’, which will repress
certain traits, such as gender expression.
and then we begin to see the onset of
hermaphrodites starting to occur.
“From that point we take female clones
that have already been pre-vegged, and
we take them into the room and introduce them to the hermaphrodite/sprayed
plants. When the release of pollen occurs,
in another two weeks – so that would be
five weeks of the hermaphrodite plants
flowering – they release pollen, and the
new female plants that have just started
their pre-flower accept that pollen and,
thus, make feminized seeds.
“We remove the STS-sprayed plants after
seven weeks of flowering, and we allow
the female plants to finish their flowering
period with plenty of breathing room, too.
So, that’s how we do it. It’s complicated,
but it works; and it’s all about timing.”
Why feminized?
Feminized strains are a hot topic of debate
in the Cannabis industry. Some argue that
they’re the best thing to happen to both
small growers and those with huge plots
of land to cover; others fear that they may
be creating ‘zombie weed’ due to their
unnatural origin. So what makes a seed
company decide to take the leap into the
feminized realm? For the DHSC, it was
the seemingly overnight demand for and
rampant popularity of these ‘all-female’
seeds. That, however, was not the only
reason. One half of the company explains:
The process
“We select between four and six plants,
and we take them from a vegetative state
into the flowering cycle. When we trigger
them under 12 hours of light, we spray
them while they’re in their dark period
with a heavy dose of STS formula. Basically,
five milliliters to every one liter of distilled
water. When they’re sprayed, we give them
a 15-minute break period, then we spray
them again – typically over six plants, we’ll
use about four liters of distilled water (with
STS formula mixed in). It’s kept refrigerated.
Genetics are not the only concern: the
quality of a person’s grow room helps to
insure either success or failure, depending
on the efforts of the grower. This will also
affect the quality of seeds. In computer
terms: garbage in; garbage out. For this
reason the DHSC attempts to produce their
seeds carefully and in good conditions.
“We’re using an organic mix, a soil and
worm casting mix with good nutrients,
because we want to provide good seeds.
We use grow tents. We use 600w HPS
“One 600w HPS is used over each meter,
and we grow typically between 12 and 20
plants in six- to eleven liter pots, depending on what we’re doing and how big
the plants are. We don’t use RO water
because we don’t stay in these places too
long; we don’t want to have leaks and
we don’t trust taps and stoppers and all
that. It just isn’t 100% safe for us; it’s more
about safety than anything. The water
in Amsterdam is really good anyway – I
think if you look up tap waters around the
world, Amsterdam is known for having a
really good source of tap water.
“Our seeds are stored at room temperature for preservation; we believe that if
you want to store your seeds in the refrigerator for long-term, that’s your choice
as a customer. For us, as seed producers,
we keep them at room temperature and
when you get them it’s up to you to wake
up the seeds. When you put them in storage for long periods you can put them in
the fridge, but we don’t do that because if
we refrigerate them and there’s a power
outage, we lose our entire batch of seeds.
“We also know from experience that it’s
better to store them at room temperature
in a cool, dry, dark place, for three to five
years if in an air-tight container. Basically,
if you want to do refrigerated storage
that’s your decision; but it isn’t recommended for us to do it because of the
large volume we have.”
Hermaphrodites
PRE-VEGGED FEMALE CLONES ARE INTRODUCED TO
THE HERMAPHRODITE/SPRAYED PLANTS. LATER, WHEN
POLLEN IS RELEASED, THE PRE-FLOWERING FEMALES
ARE IMPREGNATED, MAKING FEMINIZED SEEDS.
HERMIES ARE REMOVED TO ALLOW THE
FEMALES SPACE TO FINISH FLOWERING.
HEALTHY, WELL-GROWN PLANTS WILL
CAREFUL SELECTION OF TRULY FEMALE CLONES WILL HELP TO
PRODUCE STRONG, VIABLE SEEDS.
GUARANTEE SUCCESS IN THE SEED-MAKING PROCESS.
“I started with feminized in my early days
of growing, so I know why people who are
just starting need feminized seeds: lack
of space; new flavors every few months,
rather than the same, boring flavor for the
next 12 months. Outdoor growers get the
benefit of maximized space; for indoor
growers, the benefit is not having to keep
a collection of mothers and clones – and
constant storage. Also, they don’t have to
maintain a library, which is fucking hard.
“The third reason: just because it was a
new thing that everyone thought would
“Then, once we spray, we allow the hormones to trigger, and the onset of flowering will begin. Five to six days afterward
(depending on the strain and the quickness of flower) we spray it again with
about three-and-a-half to four liters of
distilled water mixed with STS formula.
Fifteen minute break, and then we spray
them again with the same dosage. Then,
seven days from that point, we spray them
a third time with a very heavy dosage,
and we’ll use up to six liters of a mixed
STS formula. On that three-week period,
the plants have fully-induced into flower,
lights; we use what works. Until they come
up with a new invention we won’t use
anything else. LEDs just don’t work: this is
seed production. We treat it as though we
were flowering the weed. Giving it everything we can, providing everything that’s
good for it: all of the best nutrients we can,
the best medium. We don’t do it for flavor,
but we provide it with some guanos and
some of these basic, organic composts
to allow it to naturally grow, to give you a
harder, solid shell on your seed. It’s about
giving you really good seeds that will last
long-term in storage.
Mixed-gender plants can ruin entire grow
rooms. So how do the DHSC combat
hermaphroditism? “By selection of good
clones that originally have been around
here so long – long before feminized
seeds – and they were grown from original genetics, so we know 100% that they
aren’t selected clones from a feminized
plant (these are real mother plants with
no [hermaphrodite] traits existent in them
already). So we hope from that, with our
feminized technique, that we won’t cause
hermaphrodites.
“We’re not saying it’s 100% until we test.
And even when we do test we still don’t
know, out of all the thousands of seeds, if
any one of them will produce a hermaphrodite. So we’re trying to provide the market with what the demand is.” The testing
process is mandatory for any seed producer wishing to survive in this industry.
“As soon as we make seeds, we dry them
out and we grow them in the pre-flower.
We provide them to certain growers to
test, and they test them for us straight
away; they grow them out and each grower will give us feedback. And on that, we
stress them (in one room, as a basic grow
setup) with light leaks, with spraying them
and leaving them out exposed to 24 hours
of light while they should be in flower;
we give them all the stresses to cause an
onset of hermaphroditism, to see if any
will turn. If any do, then they’ve got traits
in there that we don’t like to find.
“Some of the genetics that we have aren’t
suited to be feminized because they
22
do have hermaphrodite traits, but it’s
because of the popularity of the strain; it’s
the only way we can bring it to seed. We
hope that the hermaphrodites are a very
minimal problem.”
Health concerns
way, despite knowing it’s a contaminated
product? Not the DHSC: “I don’t use that
stuff afterward. I think it’s too dangerous to give to people because we have
sprayed it with silver. The ingestion of
silver through smoking, I don’t think it’s
good for anyone.”
Hermaphrodites are one issue, potentially
causing the loss of the rent payment for
months to come, as well as potentially
contaminating your growing/flowering
space. However, the health concerns asso-
After two- to four weeks of drying, the
seeds should be safe, as the two remind
us. “It won’t, however be in the seeds any
more, once they’ve dried out. You’re at no
The company’s tendency to produce
heavy-hitting, interesting varieties in
regular- and feminized versions is no
accident. Part of the key to their success
is keeping an eye on the international
market and understanding the differing
needs of growers around the world. The
two explain that “the American market
is still open to regular [non-feminized]
seeds, more so than the European market. That’s a really good thing. The North
Americans are still into the old way of
USUALLY, MALES AND HERMIES ARE PLANTS THAT
“WE PROVIDE [OUR SEEDS] TO CERTAIN GROWERS TO TEST,
ONE WOULD AVOID HAVING IN ONE’S GROW ROOM.
AND THEY TEST THEM FOR US STRAIGHT AWAY; THEY GROW
THEM OUT AND EACH GROWER WILL GIVE US FEEDBACK.”
THE DHSC ARE FEMINIZING ALL OF THEIR
FAVORITE CLONES FROM THE SMOKE INDUSTRY IN
A ‘PREGNANT’ FEMALE FLOWER
ciated with the production of feminized
seeds should be more worrying. A question that frequently arises when debating the matter is whether people or the
plants themselves are harmed as a result.
The DHSC warns: “It’s definitely dangerous to your own health, because that
stuff, it’s the same as in rocket launchers,
and when you breathe it in.... The silver
that’s exposed, when the troops inhale
it, they were coming up with all these
sicknesses, so the Army have records of
people breathing this stuff in (the silver
thiosulfate). This is the guys standing next
to the rocket launchers all day, who ended
up with Veteran’s Disease.
“It is definitely not good for our health,
so we wear breathing masks and rubber
gloves, and goggles, plus a full coverall
suit. It’s all about safety. If the spray gets
on your hands, it leaves rusty-colored
spots on your skin that can stay there for a
couple of days; or, it can bleach your skin.
You have to remember that these are serious chemicals – you must be a licensed
company to buy these chemicals. You
have to know what you’re doing. It’s not
for amateurs and it’s definitely not to be
left around for kids to play with.”
That’s probably sound advice regarding much of the things one would find
in a grow room. However, the exposure doesn’t end there. What happens
to the sprayed buds? Don’t many people
secretly sell them off or smoke them any-
AMSTERDAM, SUCH AS THIS SUPER SILVER HAZE.
risk at this stage. But it’s the production
process that’s a dangerous step – there
are dangers that just aren’t good for your
health. So, we do take precautions against
things like that, but that doesn’t mean
that everyone in the industry is being so
careful. We’re trying to do this as correctly
and safely as possible; but other people
doing it, and they’re keeping the genetics
alive much more than we are over here.
They do more groundwork.
“At the moment, the major difference
between some American growers and us
in Europe is that they’re doing it legally
and we’re doing it illegally. It’s not legal
weed goes in the world, this is where it
started and this is where it ends. Being
an Amsterdam seed company helps to
set us apart: ‘they’ are there, and we are
here. We have our genetics that North
Americans crave for over there, and we’re
trying to bring it to them. We’re also
trying to get genetics from over there
and bring them to people over here. The
demand goes both ways.”
Although they’re a relatively new company, but the DHSC varieties are definitely
recognizable around town. The lads suggest keeping an eye out for their Shoreline.
“We’re crossing it with everything we have
right now. But we’re also working on making S1 seeds with it, ‘cause it’s an original
genetic. There’s no parentage left for it
to breed any more, so we have to make
S1s to keep the original genetic alive, but
we’re also going to make crosses of it to
preserve the genetic.”
Currently, the DHSC enjoys a primarily
European customer-base. However, they
hope to change this soon. “We’re aiming
towards America and Canada, but due
to legal reasons we cannot directly sell
there at present. In the future we aim
to make [our seeds] available to North
Americans as much as they’re making
their strains available to us.” It’s this kind
of open market that will help to ensure
that certain, beloved strains don’t become
extinct, especially with all the genetic
experimentation going on these days. The
DHSC have proven that they can adapt
to the ever-changing demands of the
Cannabis industry. A willingness to pursue
new customers in new regions also helps
to keep growers interested.
“At the moment, we’re so new that we
haven’t even found the region that is most
popular for outdoor growing with our
seeds. It’s mainly based for indoor growing; we haven’t tested them in outdoor
regions enough to know the results of
where they are best suited.”
THE NORTH AMERICANS ARE STILL INTO THE OLD WAY OF DOING IT,
AND THEY’RE KEEPING THE GENETICS ALIVE MUCH MORE THAN WE ARE OVER HERE
are doing it just to make money and just
spraying every plant; they’re using those
seeds to sell and telling you that they’re
feminized. They are really good lookingseeds, but they’re not feminized.”
On Being A Dutch Seed Co.
“The DHSC is going fully-feminized this
year, so we’re trying to bring every available clone that is popular in Amsterdam,
and release it with the feminized label.”
When choosing strains for feminization,
the DHSC have one simple criterion: they
select what they like to smoke. “When we
find something that is ‘our’ flavor – and
our flavor is our flavor; it doesn’t mean it’s
everyone’s flavor – we go with it. That’s
what gets our interest going, is something
with a really good flavor. It doesn’t really
matter to us about the yield or how it’s
grown; number one is the flavor. After
that we get to know the strains and how
difficult they can be.”
for us to do it here; it’s very difficult for us
to resource everything. Even though you
may think it’s legal in the Netherlands, it’s
not and it’s in fact frowned upon – very
hard for us to do. But we love doing what
we do and that’s why we keep doing it.
If we had a legal way of doing it, we’d be
able to do it even better. So, even though
we’re restricted with our resources here
in Amsterdam, we still provide as well as
we possibly can. That defines us: we’re
restricted in such a way that some of
America has more freedom than we do
right now. But that can change very fast.
“Canadians kind of learned their old
school growing from the Dutch. Typically,
the Canadian growing style is very similar to ours over here. And again, they’re
more legal in Canada than they are in
the US. They can do things there that we
can’t over here, but I think it all comes
back to Amsterdam. No matter where
So, what does the future hold for DHSC? “A
million dollars [big stoner laugh; he tells
me to just print ‘$$$$$$$$’] Retirement!
To keep developing and looking for new
strains and to outsource strains in different countries.
“We need to go backwards to go forwards. We’re currently researching into
old-school genetics and old strains,
rather than going for the hype of the
new ones that are available now. We
are looking into older generations. The
older, the better. The more of a challenge
it becomes, the more fun it is, and the
more interesting it can be. Otherwise, it
would only end for us. We need to keep
it going.”
Photos by DHSC
» www.thedevilsharvestseeds.com
» devilsharvestinfo@gmail.com
23
ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING
The lighting you choose depends on
your purpose. Plants in a vegetative cycle
thrive under a blue spectrum. This blue
spectrum, more than any other, promotes
chlorophyll production. Too much of the
red spectrum during this early growth
phase can cause internodal stretching.
These red spectra are what plants utilize
for flowering. The intensity of your lights/
lumens they produce also play a large factor in the penetration of your leaf canopy
and density of the buds you produce.
There are four major modern lighting
groups. The first to be developed was the
incandescent bulb. While these bulbs
have faithfully lit our nights for over a hundred years, they have never been practical for flowering. Even for supplemental
lighting they are marginal at best, with a
lumen output that is small – compared
to the wattage they consume. The only
reasonable application for these lights
would be using green ones for allowing
you to work in a flowering room during its
dark cycle. Much of the green light is not
absorbed by plants, so they appear that
color; there is no worry of interrupting
photo-periodic response.
The second lighting groups are Low
Intensity Discharge, commonly known as
fluorescent. These tubes have a phosphor
coating that emits visible light as electricity excites the mercury vapor contained
inside. While these lights do produce
ultraviolet radiation; in most, the amount
is trivial. An eight-hour exposure would
be equivalent to a minute under the
mid-day sun. The greater health concern
is exposure for long periods under cool
white fluorescents. These lights have a
profound physiological and psychological effect from wavelength energy penetrating the skin and acting at the molecular level. Fortunately, full-spectrum lights
help eliminate these concerns.
Didymium Glasses
LIFE THROUGH ROSECOLORED LENSES
Growing indoors requires various types of lights. These different
lights give off a diverse spectrum of visible and non-visible electromagnetic radiation. This changes how colors appear – and can even
F.Red
pose a health hazard to unprotected eyes.
lamps. Of this HID group, two are most
commonly used in growing: metal halide
(MH) and high-pressure sodium (HPS).
At one time they were only available as
such, now there are some crossover bulbs
having more of each other’s spectra. MH
is traditionally used for vegetation; some
growers feel that even though flowering
under them does not produce the quantity, the quality is greatly improved, giving off a light similar to sunshine. Just like
the sun, they also give off a good amount
of ultra-violet (UV) radiation.
Some people compare exposure to snow
blindness, so wear sunglasses with UV
protection whenever you are working
around them. HPS lights can produce
large and delicious flowers, but growing
vegetatively under them will cause serious stretching. The bright, yellow-orange
light is not damaging to the eyes unless
you look right at it, but it can be uncomfortable and makes it impossible to see
colors accurately.
Luckily, the sodium flare produced by
these lights is similar to the ones that
glass blowers make working with borosilicate, and there is eye-wear that eliminates those orange spectra. This eye-wear
allows you to see the true color of your
plants and spot nutrient issues several
days before they would be obvious to
naked eyes. In a hydroponic system or
in soil, this few day heads-up could save
your crop.
These glasses, called ‘didymium’, were
developed a generation ago by Aura
Lens and are distributed by great glass
suppliers like ABR Imagery. They have
purplish-pink lenses and start at around
thirty dollars.
The light at this altitude contains a larger
amount of UV-B rays, and there have
been several studies showing that THC
levels in particular strains increased in
direct correlation to UV-B light. This THC
production in the plants may be acting
as a photo-protector (like melanin does
in humans) dissipating the harmful rays.
All of these lights give off some serious
heat energy, so be careful with how close
these lights are to your plants.
The fourth and final of the lighting
groups is the Light Emitting Diodes, or
LEDs. They produce light from tiny semiconductor chips, imbedded in a plastic
housing, and are usually from three- to
eight millimeters in circumference. LEDs
can produce light across the ultraviolet,
visible and infrared spectra. Three years
ago I would have said, save your money;
wait till the technology advances. Now
I would say: make sure your purchase is
from a reputable company, as not all LED
panels are equal.
LEDs are, at this point, comparable to
fluorescents and are on their way to
challenge HID supremacy. Some people
believe that – with their power consumption up to half that of an HID and a much
lower heat signature – not only do they
compare, but they are better for small
space and stealth room applications.
Fluorescent bulbs are much more efficient than incandescent ones and are an
excellent choice for growing. Vegetate
using full spectrum 6500K bulbs for the
blue spectrum. Fluorescent bulbs can
also be used for flowering as long as you
do not grow the plants over two feet
tall by completion, and keep the lights
within a few inches during their lifetime. HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM LIGHT WASHES OUT COLORS.
A mix of three or four 3000K for a nice
red spectrum to one 6500K will provide a
modest yet wonderful harvest of medicinal delight.
The third group creates light by an electric arc in short tubes filled with various
gasses and mineral salts, which become
electrified into plasma. These lights
are known as High Intensity Discharge
DIDYMIUM GLASSES
Mercury vapor (MV) is last type of highpressure light used in growing. These
lights were banned in the US in 2008 and
will be in 2015 by the EU, because they
give off cancer causing UV-B rays. If you
decide to use mercury vapor lights for
supplemental lighting, make sure you
TURN THEM OFF when working around
them. The reason some growers would
choose a potentially dangerous light
has to do with the historical origins of
Cannabis in the Parvati Valley, at the foothills of the Himalaya range.
HIGH PRESSURE SODIUM THROUGH DIDYMIUM GLASSES
Most LED lights are classed as ‘one’ or
‘two’ under the laser safety guide for
maximum permissible exposure. This
basically means they are pretty safe, as
long as you are not staring directly at
them – your blink reflex will limit your
exposure as you work around them. As
these lights become more specialized
the spectra available will increase. Just as
fluorescent bulbs are now available with
increased UV-B radiation, LEDs will be as
well. These lights will either need to be
turned off; or, at the very least, special
clothing and eye protection ought to be
worn around them.
Whether you are a professional, novice,
young or old; if you spend a brief or
extended time under the lights, protecting your eyes is important. If we live
long enough, most of us will develop
cataracts. There is no reason to speed
up the process. Wear the proper eye
protection. UV lenses are available from
clear to Limo. Get some polarized lenses
to reduce glare or a pair of rose-colored
didymium glasses to see the true color
of your plants as they flower in the warm
light. Take care of yourself, so that you
can see your future grow.
24
FILM REVIEW
Mila’s Journey
TAKE A TRIP WITH THE HASH QUEEN OF AMSTERDAM
Mila Jansen, proprietor of the Hemp Hotel and Pollinator Company
in Amsterdam, has been long-considered one of the pioneers of the
Cannabis movement in Europe. Since 1994, she’s been helping us all
to make super-clean, high-grade hashish, and is now the subject of a
moving documentary in which you can pick your way carefully along
the same path to her beloved India, which ultimately led Mila back
Sativa Diva
home to Amsterdam.
One bad breakup was all it took – Mila’s
half of the 8mm film reel was not to be
reunited with that of her ex-husband until
three decades later – the documentation
of their pilgrimage through one of the
world’s most spiritual landscapes. She and
Hans were lucky to obtain much of their
footage, due to being some of the first
Westerners to pass through this rough terrain. It was 1976 and they were on a threemonth voyage, covering over 1500km
(932 miles). Tired and suffering from the
elevation, their captivating footage presents a time capsule, showing a part of
the world formerly untouched by Western
influence – a sparkling gem of nature and
spirituality, which has drawn millions of
pilgrims since that time.
It was the unfortunate event of Hans falling
ill with cancer that brought the two back
together: Mila realized that the film had
remained without audience for over thirty
years – including the filmmakers themselves. So the footage was cleaned and
digitized, and thus the time capsule has
been cracked open.
For Mila, the film also represents a different
time, one that has been lost in the shuffle
of modern progress. In the ‘60s and ‘70s,
The pair were on foot, trekking from
Manali all the way to Leh, then from Leh to
Lamayuru, where they encountered a visit
from the Dalai Lama. Finally, it was back
to Manali via Zanskar. Weeks of walking
and high altitude had taken their toll, but
Mila and Hans pressed on, determined
to capture the majesty and nature of the
Himalayas and its people.
When you begin watching Mila’s Journey,
something magical starts to happen.
Whether you know Mila or not, her voyage
is an amazing experience to behold and it’s
difficult not to get as excited about the trip
as if you were, yourself, about to embark.
It’s not simply the rolling green hills or craggy mountaintops, frosted with snow, that
compel you to keep watching. Nor is it the
amazing shots of indigenous people, quick
to share a beaming smile with the camera,
naive to their own uniqueness. It is perhaps
these universal themes: freedom, exploration, love, family, spirituality, acceptance
and loss, which allow each of us to find
something of ourselves in the story.
Mila points out a virtue of travel: “You can
create a situation where there’s space for
yourself... I was very lucky, I think.”
The ability to travel was indeed lucky for
her, as she needed a break from the Dutch
Police. After running an extremely successful tailored clothing boutique, Kink 22,
with Henk Koster (where she also acted in
the film De Verloedering van de Swieps [The
Whipping Cream Hero], 1967), Mila opened
her own ‘tea house’, which is debated as the
first-ever ‘coffeeshop’ in Amsterdam. “But
we never sold anything there;” she recalls,
“we just shared!”
After a few years of blissful tea-sharing, the
Dutch police caught on and began raiding the spot weekly, deporting foreigners
across the Belgian border. It would be a
combination of this police harassment –
as well as stories of “India live” that were
recounted by the latest traveler to patronize her tea house – that would impel her to
seek a life of less restriction.
He had heard about her place (and the
fact that hitchhikers could sleep upstairs)
while traveling – in Afghanistan! For the
first time ever, Mila could juxtapose her
book-learned education on Hinduism with
carry ID at all times, a move that incensed
Dutch citizens, as it reminded them of
the not-so-distant WWII. Indicating how
much change has occurred since then (for
the worse), within the past five years the
same measures were re-introduced in the
Netherlands – and were met with little or
no protest.
Mila’s Journey covers multiple visits to India
and shows just a glimpse of that ethereal
world; it is one that also has changed, and
unfortunately no longer exists. Upon her
return to this verdant land, she encounters trash-filled rivers (once sacred), satellite
dishes and MTV. The magical place has succumbed to the temptations of the Western
world, in one short generation. For this
reason, re-connecting with the past is all
the more important.
One of the most poignant moments is
her return to a mountaintop oasis, in an
attempt to reconnect with her 1970s guide,
Tashi – a young Tibetan whom they had
met in the Manali Bazaar. In fact, the proceeds of this documentary’s sales are earmarked for the education of his grandchildren, in an homage to the familial-type
bond that was forged between them during their three-month mountain trek.
MILA IS A FAMOUS FEMALE AT THE
TOP OF THE CANNABIS INDUSTRY
THE ORIGINAL TREK WAS DOCUMENTED BY HANS SWART
– WHAT SOME CALL “A MAN’S WORLD”.
ON 8MM FILM, RECENTLY CLEANED AND DIGITIZED.
the phenomenon of ‘dropping out’ held
less of the negative stigma that it does
today. Especially in the Netherlands, quite
a small country, young people were excited
about exploring the vast, interesting and
different world out there, and sometimes
even encouraged to do so. That freedom
was what drew Mila back to the spiritual
center of Hinduism, after learning about it
through devouring philosophy texts in her
publisher aunt’s French home.
Freedom meant that anyone could go anywhere and do anything they wanted. You
could go, do or think... alone or with friends
and family. The possibilities were limitless.
actual stories of the place. The desire to
experience India first-hand overwhelmed
the wish to stay (and put up with the cops),
so she decided to pack everything up and
leave the country. It was 1968, and they
were about to hitchhike to India.
She recalls that, at the time, the decision
to relocate was not difficult: “People were
actively looking for other ways of living
than how our parents did it.” Besides that,
“Everything was controlled in the West. I
didn’t like that.”
This was an era in which the Dutch authorities were suddenly insisting that residents
It is difficult to watch Mila’s Journey without being compelled to travel to India.
Viewers are lucky to steal a personal
glimpse into someone’s sacred, spiritual
journey through such amazing lands. You
know about her products, the Pollinator
Company and Hemp Hotel. Now you can
see for yourself the experiences that helped
to lead Mila to the top of the Cannabis
industry, as well as having a peek into the
history of a part of the world responsible
for some of the most amazing hashish ever.
All of this against a stunning backdrop of
re-discovered film.
“I’ve stood at several points, with my arms
as wide as I could stretch. I was as insignificant as a speck of sand, and the whole of
nature was out there – totally – untouched
by man. It is really a special feeling to be
back here again.”
» www.milasjourney.com
RE-CONNECTING WITH THE LOCAL
MONKS – SOME RECEIVED PHOTOS OF
LIVING FOR MONTHS IN ROUGH CONDITIONS CREATED
THEMSELVES FROM THE ‘70S AS SOUVE-
A FAMILIAL BOND BETWEEN MILA AND TASHI.
NIRS. (PHOTO: CHRISTINA JANSEN)
Anecdote Films
Running Time: One hour
Format: DVD
Annie Perkins, Rinku Kalsy
and Christina Jansen
» www.anecdote-films.com/milasjourney
26
Rolling Papers
IT’S NOT JUST WHAT’S INSIDE THAT COUNTS
Although the most common way to ingest Cannabis in the USA is
through the use of a bong or pipe, a large and growing number of pot
users smoke joints or blunts as a primary or supplementary consumption method. In this article SSUSA takes a closer look at the papers
themselves. It would seem that the bulk of any lung damage incurred
through smoking joints is the fault of combustion of weed and
sometimes tobacco at high temperatures, and therefore to be selective about choice of paper is pointless. However, we should always
try to minimize the severity of the risk we undertake when we use
Cannabis, so for this reason we should be considerate of the papers
we use. Furthermore, it is surprising how much a slight difference
between papers will affect the finished joint, in terms of taste, burn
by Kali Mist
rate and immediate effect on the throat and chest.
Rolling papers are an integral part of
every joint, and not all are created equally. There has been much evolution since
the original thick, rough incarnations first
appeared. The first cigarette papers were
produced in 1660 by the French company Lacroix (later to become Rizla+).
They had been conceived of over a century prior to this, but production was
not to seriously take off until 1796, when
Napoleon began to order in bulk for
his overseas troops. Their ‘fine’ weight
papers appeared in 1799, but were still
quite bulky by today’s standards.
Competitors began to appear in the 1800s,
and in 1894 the company Zig-Zag had the
brainwave of interleaving the papers (in a
‘zig-zag’ fashion). Gummed papers came
along in 1942 – another innovation by
Rizla+. It wasn’t until 1977 that king-size
papers began to be marketed (again by
Rizla+), with the rise of global Cannabis
culture. Nowadays, the range of papers
available is staggering. Colored, flavored,
transparent, aerated – the list goes on
and on. But which choice should you, the
joint smoker, make when selecting your
preferred paper?
Most papers are made from hemp, flax
or rice, although some are made from
Esparto grass and wood pulp (which
may contribute to lung-, lip- and larynx
cancer). The Spanish manufacturer of
Smoking, Bambu and many other wellknown brands was convicted in 2006 of
substituting such materials for the usual
hemp and linen in an effort to cut costs, so
it is to be hoped that they and other companies are now offering more considered
products. Wood pulp papers are the worst
environmentally, and also score poorly in
terms of trace chemicals that may pose a
risk to human health. Production of hemp,
flax and other grassy fibers is far preferable – at least in environmental terms.
Beyond the choice of base material,
chemicals may be added to the papers
during the production process in order to
make the paper lighter, finer and stronger,
or to make them longer-burning. Bleaches
such as chlorine or calcium carbonate
THE SELECTION OF ROLLING PAPERS AVAILABLE IS ASTOUNDING.
Thicker papers not only make a fasterburning joint with a harsher taste, but
have been reported to cause greater oral
and lung irritation. However, hemp papers
are often thicker than rice papers and others, so this rule does not always hold true.
That said, many hemp papers now produced match their competitors in terms
of thickness, and as their supporters are
usually among the more health-savvy,
they are often made to be chlorine-free
and unbleached. Pure Hemp papers are
marketed as ultra-thin and additivefree, as are Hempire and Raw Organic
Hemp papers – also claimed to be vegan!
Unbleached rice papers are huge in their
own right – the two main brands are
Raw (who make rice papers as well as
the hemp variety) and Smoking Brown
(a newer introduction, but as it’s from the
ubiquitous rolling paper giant we may see
a rapid takeover here).
The idea when rolling a good joint is to
always use as little paper as necessary,
in order to experience the flavor of the
Cannabis in as unadulterated a manner as
possible. To this end, seasoned joint rollers
have developed techniques to minimize
paper usage, and many will tear off excess
paper prior to rolling. The more expert will
‘back-roll’: the paper is turned inside-out
so that the gum is on the outside facing
the roller. When the joint is rolled the unmoistened gum then becomes tucked
under a single layer of paper. The gum
IT IS SURPRISING HOW MUCH A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE
BETWEEN PAPERS WILL AFFECT THE FINISHED JOINT
(chalk) may also be used. Chlorine is highly toxic but calcium carbonate releases
only CO2 when combusted and may,
therefore, present a safer choice. There
are many products on the market that are
advertized as containing no chlorine, so
it is not difficult to avoid as long as one
is selective. Many papers, especially blunt
wraps and colored varieties, may also contain potassium nitrate to aid even burning
– this substance is linked to acute oral
irritation and respiratory tract damage, as
well as lung cancer.
HOW TO MAKE A EUROPEAN-STYLE ‘BACK-ROLLED’ JOINT
and may contain additives that increase
strength while maintaining low weight.
Thin papers burn more slowly – another plus for most smokers. The thinnest
papers are made from rice, which may be
blended with other natural papers such
as sugar and flax. It is possible to source
additive-free papers; a good, clean, thin
rice paper with little or no added chemicals should burn smoothly and consistently. If a paper is burned as a test, the ash
it produces should be very small in quantity and a uniform light gray color. Dark
ash suggests that the paper may contain
contaminants, and such papers can safely
be avoided as there are many others out
there that pass the test.
Generally, the thinner the better, when
it comes to papers. Ultra-thin, translucent papers have been around for a while
and seem to have gained a majority in
the market, although many are bleached
must be moistened through this outer
layer of paper, and the excess can then be
torn off along the gum line (see photo).
This method ensures that the absolute
minimum paper is used, and it is wellworth investing a few hours (and a few
ruined papers!) to master the intricacies.
Others will tear off the gummed strip
itself, as the Acacia gum (gum arabic) that
is commonly used as an adhesive contains
glycerin, which is thought to be harmful if
smoked. Some varieties advertise use of
pure Acacia gum, but for true aficionados
and those who wish to be extra careful
there are non-gummed papers available,
such as S.D. Modiano’s elegant range of
regular and 1½-sized papers. Made from
very sheer rice paper, they require some
27
sus seems to be that instead of adding to the flavor, most of these papers
in fact detract from the taste of what
you are smoking. Colored papers also
are increasingly viewed as a pointless
and perhaps harmful complication, and
despite maintaining a presence in head
shops nationwide, their use is not widespread and is more as a novelty.
Blunt wraps, on the other hand, are very
popular indeed. Glamorized in countless
hip-hop songs, for many young stoners it is the method of choice. The link
between teenage smoking and blunt
wraps is so pernicious that several states
have this year instigated motions to
ban their sale – although in January
2011, Illinois House reps rejected the
Senate-approved motion there, with
some branding it ‘ridiculous’. Cigar companies back these campaigns, citing the
negative impact on their image from the
strong association that blunt wraps have
with smoking Cannabis.
A WIDE SELECTION OF DYED PAPERS IS AVAILABLE,
BUT MAY CONTAIN HAZARDOUS ADDITIVES.
FLAVORED ROLLING PAPERS AND BLUNT
WRAPS WERE RECENTLY BANNED BY THE FDA.
A SELECTION OF UNBLEACHED,
A JOINT MADE WITH A TRANSPARENT
UNREFINED HEMP AND RICE ROLLING PAPERS
EUCALYPTUS CELLOPHANE ‘PAPER’
practice to master and can be expensive,
but very rewarding. Fans point to the burn
test as demonstrating their superior properties, and it is true that they burn very
cleanly, but they are not alone in claiming
this distinction, as even some gummed
papers have similar properties.
Transparent cellophane papers have
sparked some controversy since their
introduction a few years ago (although
a transparent paper was apparently produced as early as the 1970s, it was brittle
and difficult to work with). At first their
use increased rapidly, but this seemed
to diminish before long as the novelty
wore off. Fans cite a cooler, slower burn
with little tendency to ‘canoe’ or burn
irregularly. Others say they go out quickly,
and the taste, smell, and sensation of
smoking ‘plastic’ is unpleasant (although
this could be more attributable to hardto-shake preconceptions as they have a
mildly sweet taste without the acridity
one would expect from plastic).
They are based on wood pulp (from eucalyptus trees) which relies upon heavy
chemical processing to release its pure
cellulose. They are sold as being 100%
cellulose and better for health than traditional papers, but many question this,
as they are reported to contain around
14% glycerin (to increase the suppleness
and smoothness of the cellulose) which,
when combusted, produces acrolein. This
substance, also known as propenol, is a
pulmonary irritant that may be extremely
harmful to health and has been implicated as a factor in the development of MS
(as it may cause damage to myelin nerve
sheaths). Research suggests that levels of
acrolein released by smoking with transparent papers is negligible; however, the
rumors have contributed to some decline
in popularity. Although glycerin is also
present in the gummed strip of ordinary
papers, it is thought to be in too small of
an amount to pose a risk.
Colored and flavored papers deserve a
mention. Rizla+ introduced menthol and
strawberry flavors in 1906, and nowadays
the range is very wide. Many of the flavorings are artificial food additives that
are not intended for smoking purposes,
and some users have mentioned irritation of the throat after use. The FDA in
2009 banned clove cigarettes and other
flavored cigarettes and papers (except
A US Bureau of Customs and Border
Protection ruling from 2008 defined
them as drug paraphernalia, and many
outlets have stopped selling flavored
blunts and may soon follow by stopping
sale of unflavored wraps too. However,
a cheap cigar can be split and re-rolled
with the same result, so the trend is
unlikely to die out completely. Aside
from the risks of harmful additives, blunt
wraps are wholly or mostly composed
of tobacco, and all the associated risks
remain. Rolling blunts also encourages
greater weed consumption as more is
packed in, which is not only wasteful but
unnecessary and potentially harmful.
The wide variety of natural, unbleached
hemp and rice papers offered by many
companies today seems to present the
safest choice for pot smokers. So many
advances have been made to decrease
the weight of the paper, while avoiding
chemical additives, that it is now possible to find some really great papers out
there, the likes of which would have been
unseen ten years ago. A simple online
search for additive-free, unbleached
hemp or rice papers yields impressive
THE WIDE VARIETY OF NATURAL, UNBLEACHED
HEMP AND RICE PAPERS OFFERED BY MANY COMPANIES
TODAY SEEMS TO PRESENT THE SAFEST CHOICE
menthol, for some reason), ostensibly in
a drive to reduce teen smoking, but also
with a nod to certain perceived inherent
health hazards. Cloves release eugenol, a
topical anesthetic that encourages smokers to inhale extra deeply, thereby exposing a greater surface area of the lung to
smoke damage.
There is very little information available
that gives insight into what other additives are used in flavored papers and
what the effect may be when smoked.
However, manufacturers of such papers
seem to be very reluctant to disclose
these important details. The consen-
results, and they are not difficult to obtain
wherever you reside, as long as you have
the ability to order online or a good head
shop within traveling distance.
As none of us want chemicals in our pot,
it stands to reason that we don’t want
it in our papers, either. The more of us
that support the trend for natural rolling
products, the clearer the message sent
to manufacturers: that we are conscious
of what we put into our bodies, that we
wish for greater transparency (pardon
the pun) regarding what’s in the papers
and that we will reject those that are
found to be unhealthy.
29
ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING
IT STARTED BECAUSE I WANTED TO SMOKE CANNABIS THAT I REALLY LIKED
Breeding Grubbycup’s Stash
When I first started smoking weed, I learned a few things. The first thing I learned is that I wanted
to smoke more of it. Shortly thereafter, I came to the conclusion that it was too expensive, and
I didn’t want to buy it. I didn’t want to spend the money, and I didn’t want to deal with finding
someone to buy it from. As I used to say, ‘I don’t mix greens’; the greens in question being Cannabis
and cash. I didn’t want to buy weed, I didn’t want to sell weed, I didn’t want anyone not in my circle
by Grubbycup
to know I knew anything about weed, I just wanted to smoke it.
After careful consideration of my
options, growing it myself seemed the
safest choice, since no money would be
changing hands; plus once I had seeds,
I wouldn’t need to involve anyone else.
The biggest threat to any marijuana garden walks on two legs. My first grows
were all from friends’ bag seeds, and to
be fair, we were more concerned with
just having enough to smoke and not
all that picky about how good it was.
This was in the 1980s, and pre-Internet,
so accurate information was much more
difficult to come by than it is today. The
buds I grew were harsh, uncured and
of very ‘iffy’ parentage. They were also
better than a lot of what my friends
were used to smoking, which was often
seeded Mexican brown, broken off of
bricks (or very expensive).
Over the years my growing and harvesting
techniques improved. I found better seeds
to grow, and the quality of what I smoked
improved. I smoked most of what I grew,
and gave the excess to friends. It takes the
same effort to grow average genetics as it
does to grow superior genetics; the trick is
in getting the seeds for superior genetics
in the first place. That would become a
lot easier to do once seed banks became
more common.
I had grown up on a dairy farm, studied
botany in college, and had always enjoyed
gardening. Growing marijuana came very
“THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!”
naturally to me. Although information
about marijuana-specific breeding was
scarce, information on genetics and for
breeding plants in general was much easier to come by. (The same basic principles
apply, whether breeding pea plants or
Cannabis plants.) I also decided that if I
was going to grow my own, I was going to
breed my own.
The first step in starting a breeding program, is collecting the original pool of
genetics to start selecting from. I tried
a lot of different cultivars, and made a
lot of different crosses. Anytime I’d join
a circle with friends, I’d bring my latest test buds to share, and I’d ask them
their opinion afterward. Since these were
all experimental plants, they had names
that were more for record keeping than
ease of use.
For example, one promising candidate
was: ‘(nl x bb) x bm) x (d x blueb) x black) #2’,
which was an abbreviation for ‘Northern
Lights crossed with Big Bud and the result
crossed with Blue Mystic and the result of
that crossed with a Durban Poison that
had been crossed with a Blueberry and
then had been crossed with a Blackberry,
second plant in the set.’ Which doesn’t
exactly trip off the tongue. If a line showed
promise or had a trait I liked, it might show
up again in some form. For example, both
the Blackberry and Blueberry were used in
the final selection.
5
It was during this time that Grubbycup’s
Stash got its name. I didn’t name it; it
wound up naming itself. Everything in my
stash was labeled with an almost unpronounceable code, but often had something worth trying in it. My friends would
ask to load up a bowl of whatever was in
‘Grubbycup’s Stash’. As time went on, finally I settled on a White Rhino x Blueberry
father crossed with a couple of different
Purple Lady x Blackberry mothers, but the
name stuck. Besides, even if I wasn’t working with different cultivars anymore, it was
all Grubbycup’s Stash. I was still labeling
with codes for specific traits.
Genes may be hidden, but they are set
and finite. If the genes don’t exist in the
starting pool, they won’t exist in following
generations. To create a starting pool of
genetics, make sure that you select from
plants that have traits similar to what you
want in your final line.
On the father’s side:
The White Rhino male’s sisters were very
potent, but other than a slight citrus,
didn’t have the fruity-flowery sort of flavor
I had in mind.
The Blueberry mother had a very nice
flavor, but didn’t have the plant structure I
wanted and was a bit cranky to grow.
In selecting the father, I looked for the
most robust and best flowering out of
“ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES”
17
the group to declare early. Using this
father, I pollinated several mothers. When
breeding, it’s easier to track one father
with several mothers than the other way
around. One drawback to this method is
that it creates a bottleneck; if the father
has dropped an important trait, the generation may have to be repeated.
The mothers:
The Blackberry male’s sisters had a berry
flavor; but similar to the Blueberry, they
didn’t have the sort of plant structure I
was looking for.
The Purple Lady mother had an amazing
kick and a very interesting floral flavor.
The pairs were selected by what I thought
would be give me the best smoke while
I worked on combining all four cultivars.
By matching potent plants with nicelyflavored plants, I hoped to start to accumulate the genes needed for a potent,
nicely-flavored variety. If I had paired
the two most potent, I may have gotten
potent offspring; however, I wanted flavor
as well in each of the crosses.
Once the two lines were crossed, it
wouldn’t matter which of the four was
paired with the others. Meanwhile I’d be
smoking each of the pairs. The breeding
project had taken over my entire garden
at the time, so it was my only source of
personal smoke.
“HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS”
20
30
the gene pool, and that information can
be used to extinguish unwanted traits.
It is a work in process, and it’s going to
continue to be a work in process until
inbred depression sets in, or I find something I like better.
I would never claim it to be any better than anyone else’s work, but I can
grow pretty much any strain I want and
Grubbycup’s Stash still makes up most
of what I put in my pipe. I’m okay with
showing a little favoritism to it though;
after all, I’m who I bred it for.
THE LABELS ARE INFORMATIVE, IF NOT STYLISH.
Advice for those interested in
trying home breeding:
GS MALE NAMED ‘GOLIATH’
THIS GS 3 PRODUCED FOUR LEAVES PER NODE. GRUBBYCUP’S STASH
I kept working with the White Rhino x
Blueberry until potency and flavor regularly showed in the same plant, and did the
same with the Blackberry x Purple Lady.
As a result, I felt confident that I had a
White Rhino x Blueberry male that had
a good chance of contributing desirable
traits to the Blackberry x Purple Lady line.
The Blackberry x Purple Lady mother was
easier to select, since I could taste test the
buds off of clones to select the best ones
for seeding.
In a large-scale operation one option
would be to grow very large numbers
of the seeds and make selections from
hundreds, if not thousands of plants. This
method is commonly used by corporate
vegetable seed breeders. However, it is
also possible to breed using much smaller numbers of plants, grown in groups.
Record keeping becomes absolutely critical, but it can be done. The key is being
able to match each bowlful of final product to its seeds and parentage.
GS-A and GS-B were grown as two separate cultivars and did not cross-pollinate
for several generations. Both lines were
bred using the same criteria in parallel.
It was my intention to use only the best
between the two lines, but GS-A developed to be the more potent of the two;
GS-B had superior flavor and structure.
Whenever I would get close to deciding
in favor of one, the other would produce a
superior specimen. Eventually the best of
the two lines were merged.
The process continued as much more of
the same, isolating and recombining. Over
time, the plants became similar to each
other, and today have many more traits
in common. New traits have surfaced as
recessive genes found matching recessive
genes. As with all traits, some of these
were kept, some discarded, some ignored.
AND USED FOR BREEDING
the most important to me as a smoker.
That isn’t to say that they aren’t also bred
for bud size, but that trait holds a lower
priority to quality of smoke. The goal of
the breed is to be my favorite and to that
end, it succeeds.
There is a technique known as ‘cubing’
that is very useful to stabilizing a genetic
line. Anyone interested in breeding is
heartily encouraged to learn about it.
However, all you really need to know
to make use of the principle is that you
should grow out multiple generations at
the same time and cross the best plants
together, regardless of what generation
they are.
Any plant showing a superior example
of a trait was marked as part of the label.
For example, the GS Gol indicates it has
Clear and accurate labels are a must.
Personal label machines can help if poor
handwriting is a hindrance. A few buds of
each plant grown are seeded. Each growing container is labeled, and each stem at
harvest. Seeds are collected and labeled,
and so is the bud as it goes through the
curing process.
1) Even if you don’t learn the math or the
science behind it, if you just keep breeding your best male to your best female
(and don’t add new genetics into the
mix) you are off to a good start. People
bred both plants and animals using this
principle for hundreds, if not thousands
of years, to good effect. Marijuana is not
particularly sensitive to inbred depression, and by the time you have enough
generations under your belt to worry
about it, you will likely have learned how
to deal with it.
2) Learn the basic principles of Mendelian
genetics. You don’t have to become an
expert, just learn how dominant- and
recessive genes work, and how to use
them to make educated predictions.
3) To benefit from cubing, grow plants
from different generations together;
cross the best plants regardless of
generation.
The tracking of traits, and making educated attempts to adjust and recombine
AN EARLY GS 3 MALE
Each container of weed lists the exact
plant that it was harvested from. This way,
seeds from the best smoke can be selected and seeds from only average buds can GS 3 MALES TEND TO HAVE THREE LEAVES PER
be disregarded.
NODE, ALTHOUGH INFREQUENTLY FEMALE
THE LEAVES ON THIS GS 3
The seeds from the five mothers were PLANTS HAVE DEVELOPED THE TRAIT. IF THE
labeled GS-A, GS-B, GS-C, GS-D and TRAIT WERE TO BECOME CONSISTENT, IT
MALE HAVE AN EXTRA FINGER
GS-E. More bags with codes: this is why COULD BE A METHOD OF EARLY SEXING.
OR TWO AT THE CENTER.
people just tended to say ‘Grubbycup’s
Stash’ or ‘GS’.
The standard for the breed includes a a GS male that was named ‘Goliath’ in its
One grow was dedicated to each of the nice initial effect, distinctive floral/bou- ancestry; GS 3 has parents that displayed
five mothers. The best of GS-A was cloned quet garni aroma, smooth clean flavor, whorled phyllotaxy (3 or more leaves per
and grown again with the GS-B lot for potent long lasting ‘creeper’ stone, bud node), etc. Part of the reason that these
comparison. This process was repeated structure and plant structure. The reason types of notes are so important is not
with GS-B, but the GS-C, GS-D and GS-E that the effect and flavor are higher- only for breeding toward, but for breedlots did not produce specimens better rated and more stable than the plant ing against. Any plant that displays an
structure is that they are traits that are undesirable trait can be eliminated from
than the GS-A and GS-B mothers.
THE LABEL MEANS THAT
IT’S FROM THE LAST
GROUP OF ORIGINAL
SEEDS, AND ITS MOTHER
HAD SUPERIOR COLOR.
them is the heart of any good breeding
program. It is not a fast process, but
with time and patience you can produce
noticeable changes and put your own
mark on the weed you smoke.
Peace, love and puka shells,
Grubbycup
31
SHOP REVIEW NL / FESTIVALS & COMPETITIONS
The Pollinator Company
Sativa Diva
The Pollinator Co. in Amsterdam enjoys
legendary status: Mila, proprietor, activist
and entrepreneur, is responsible for revolutionizing Dutch hash by starting a craze
for clean, ice-water extracted resin products. Established in the winter of 1994,
the shop is perhaps most famous for three
mandatory pieces of hash making equipment: the Pollinator dry sieve machines,
Ice-o-lator bags for water extraction
and the latest addition to the family, the
Bubbleator all-in-one system.
Located on a picturesque canal near
Amsterdam’s famous Waterlooplein market, the Pollinator Co. is a staple for locals
and a beloved destination for returning
tourists and Cannabis connoisseurs. Mila’s
shop is not a grow shop, nor is it a head
shop. The Pollinator Co. is, quite simply,
unlike any other spot in the industry. In
addition to the hash extractors for which
the company is famous, the shop is loaded
with books ranging from how to grow a
variety of plants, mushrooms or cacti to
accessing your spiritual side through mindaltering substances. Activism, good health
and enlightenment are common themes
throughout the shop and its products.
Of course, vaporizers, smoking accessories
and related products are featured, with
a range of glass-, wooden- and natural
substances available. Hemp is also heavily
featured, from wallets to cosmetics.
Additional merchandise includes items for
your meditation space, enigmatic herbs,
psychedelic clothes and a full range of
posters, videos and magazines.
After you’ve chosen the correct texts and
accessories, browse the cactus garden or
visit the hallucinogenic plants and flowers in the back of the shop. Seeds, plants
and advice are all available, making the
Pollinator Co. your one-stop-shop for all
things esoteric.
Check out the website for virtual
demonstrations of and ordering
information for the Pollinator, Ice-o-lator
and Bubbleator machines.
The Pollinator Co.
Nieuwe Herengracht 25
1011 RL, Amsterdam, NL
» www.pollinator.nl
» info@pollinator.nl
THE SECOND HIGH TIMES MEDICAL CANNABIS CUP TO BE HELD IN SAN FRANCISCO, CA WAS HELD AT THE CONCOURSE EXHIBITION CENTER
High Times Medical Cannabis Cup,
San Francisco
by Grubbycup
As the laws surrounding Cannabis
and medical marijuana in
California become more reasonable, its use becomes more mainstream and normal. This year the
High Times Medical Cannabis
Cup in San Francisco even had a
nearby billboard. Attendees were
of all shapes, sizes and colors – all
brought together over a common
interest in marijuana. Regardless
of its legal status, it was obvious that while there were plenty
of 20-somethings in attendance, there were plenty of 30- to
70-somethings as well.
Last year when I attended the HTMCC
the line to enter the event was nightmarish. At last year’s awards ceremony High
Times magazine’s executive editor Dan
Skye promised they would improve the
process for this year’s show. To give the
organizers credit, the 2011 entry was both
quick and painless in comparison. It was
nice to see that promise kept.
The venue was larger, and had a better
layout as well. It also appeared to have a
lot more attendees; if this year’s event was
any indication, next time they will need
more room, at least in the smoking section
outside. Seminars and panels were held by
Cannabis celebrities and experts, including
author Jorge Cervantes, Harborside’s Steve
DeAngelo, and the senior cultivation editor
of High Times, Danny Danko.
The main floor of the indoor area was busy,
but with a festive atmosphere. Vendors
sold pipes, bongs, and a wide variety of
marijuana-related products. Handcrafted
wares by artists were sold next to slick
commercial products. Credit card grinders and a staggering variety of ways to
consume were available to eager shoppers. Several booths were rented by LED
companies, each seeming to make a bigger claim than the last. I even renewed my
California patient identification card at one
of the booths.
MAINSTREAM ENOUGH FOR A BILLBOARD
A HAZE WAFTED OVER THE CROWD.
The Results:
Upstairs had a nice mellow area, which
made for a very relaxing place to visit after
making a circuit in the 215 patient area.
Artwork lined the walls, rugs and tables set
in the center.
Hybrid
1st Place:
2nd Place:
3rd Place:
DEMONSTRATING THE USE OF A
In sharp contrast, the 215 patient area
had a very nightclub/party atmosphere.
Oversized joints were passed around, loud
music played in the background, and it was
wall-to-wall with people. Marijuana was
sold and sampled. Edible samples were
handed out, including some tasty treats
by last year’s medal winners Bliss Edibles. A
visible haze rose above the crowd like a fog.
HEMP WICK TO LIGHT A BONG.
Indica
1st Place:
Boggle Gum (Harborside
Health Center)
2nd Place: The True OG (Elemental
Wellness Center)
3rd Place: 7 Star Pure Kush (7 Stars Holistic
Healing Center)
Sativa
At the end of the show on Sunday night,
the winners were announced to much fanfare and cheering.
1st Place:
INTERNATIONAL CANNABIS
Peace, love and puka shells,
Grubbycup
OG Kush (D & M Compassion Center)
Star Dawg (Buds & Roses)
The Pure (Leonard Moore
Co-Operative)
AUTHOR JORGE CERVANTES
Bay 11 (Granddaddy Purple
Collective)
2nd Place: Alpha Blue (OrganiCann)
3rd Place: Sonoma Coma (Happy Lil’ Trees)
33
SEED BANKS
International
Seed Market:
A GROWING COLLABORATION
In the first two issues of Soft Secrets USA, we introduced The Attitude
Seed Bank and discussed the recent history of the seed industry.
Established five years ago, The Attitude has grown at an explosive
rate to become the largest seed bank in the world today, representing more than ninety seed companies in the effort to bring their
customers throughout the world the widest – and best – choice of
Cannabis seeds and strains. But the staff are not complacent – they
are determined to continue their quest to provide quality strains
globally, and are hard at work sourcing new companies to work with
every day, bringing never-before-seen products from all corners of
the globe. To conclude our three-part series, we’ll take a closer look
at the changing nature of the international seed market, particularly
focusing on Europe and the Americas, and what the future may hold
Kali Mist
for The Attitude and other companies like it.
Now that the focus of the Cannabis
industry is moving towards the Americas,
we should not forget the many years
of research and development that
our European cousins have put into
breeding viable strains, not just in the
Netherlands but also in countries, such
as Spain and Europe. The Attitude, and
other companies like it, are important
in that they have always attempted
to provide a good selection of seeds
from breeders all over the world – and
Over many decades the great breeders
worked at creating the varieties we now
have, with the Netherlands as a base for
their activities. Although Cannabis itself is
found all over the world, including parts
of Europe, the Netherlands has been a
focal point for many years due to the
importance of the industry there; most
of the original and still most significant
seed companies were founded during this
period there. However, times will always
change and industries in a free market will
THE ATTITUDE TEAM
maintaining biodiversity by seeking out
interesting and unique strains is one of
the most important things the collector
can do to ensure the future of these
genetics. In the vaults of The Attitude
Seed Bank, interesting and unique
strains are thankfully not in shortage,
and a quick glance through the online
catalog will demonstrate how effectively
they have covered the whole spectrum,
providing diverse brands perfect for the
requirements of thousands of collectors
across the world.
achieved the massive success they currently enjoy. Now that the legal Cannabis
industry is expanding globally and many
collectors are seeking to complete their
personal catalog, the spread is assisted
by the efforts of The Attitude, who offer a
range that runs into the thousands.
Their efforts to represent as many seed
companies as possible and stock the
greatest variety of quality strains show
exactly why The Attitude has made it to
the top spot – and they’re showing no
signs of slowing down! The team has that
special something in that they always
seek to be where other seed banks have
not even thought of venturing yet; wherever there is a new company producing
quality items, The Attitude wants to know
about it.
It’s important for a serious collector to
preserve a wide selection of varieties for
the future. As with any crop that is selectively bred by people, rapid advances in
techniques (along with the explosion in
new varieties that we’ve seen in recent
years) has meant that strains are also in
grave danger of being lost. It’s simply
not possible to preserve every strain out
there, as even with careful management
it is possible to lose a whole lineage, but
The Attitude is doing a very good job of
attempting it.
Seed stock exists in massive quantities,
enough to keep customers happy for years
to come. However, innovation is always
rewarded, and despite all our knowledge
of genetics, we cannot entirely predict
what will happen in the future to a certain strain. Therefore, wherever possible
it is important to keep a full inventory of
present-day, stable seed stock to avoid
strains disappearing – and so that experts
sibly decades, are even more important in
a time of new grows in Europe being more
difficult to complete, and sufficient stabilization of new strains often is in jeopardy.
If new strains are unstable, they give varied and potentially unsatisfactory results,
and are definitely unsuited to breed
further strains (until they have undergone a lengthy process of crossing and
back-crossing to fix desired traits into
the genome). Yet the valuable heirloom
stock safely stored at The Attitude alone
could provide stable, healthy parents for
innumerable new strains, time and time
again. The sheer choice one encounters
when browsing the vast lists of products is
enough to delight and possibly bewilder
even the most choosy and specific of us.
The team has worked closely with major
European breeders for years to provide
the connoisseur collectors among us with
a steady selection of original genetics,
and it’s important work – keeping strains
alive and stable in nature is hard enough
in a perfect world, due to the vagaries of
genetics. Without the efforts of the seed
banks, many genetics would have been
lost forever – some have been lost already,
despite such endeavors. Seed banks are
also highly important gateways for other
breeders and seed companies to become
part of the wider network: many of the
smaller companies are limited in budget
and the opportunities for publicity that
The Attitude team offers, such as promotional videos and representation at major
international events, are vital. By their
constant presence at conventions, The
Attitude also have the chance to really
explore what’s out there.
Many smaller breeders are unable to network fully with potential customers due
THE ATTITUDE IS AN AWARD-WINNING SEED BANK.
naturally seek the best and most appropriate setting and methods of operation.
As telecommunications and exchange of
goods and services have expanded, the
community has had increasing opportunities to transfer information between
countries, with the rise of the Internet
seeing relevant websites springing up
every day. This ability to exchange ideas
and techniques is the backbone of the
international Cannabis seed industry, and
without it The Attitude could not have
can continue to create strong new ones.
This is where The Attitude comes in.
Although their customers are sure to
receive high quality, fresh products and
the widest possible selection of new
strains, you can rest assured that the
vaults at The Attitude also contain a vast
array of seeds from all places and from all
points in time – from the early 1980s up
until now. These heirloom genetics, many
of which will remain viable in seed form
(when properly stored) for years and pos-
to the intensive nature of their operations, which can demand a huge amount
of time and dedication. The guys at The
Attitude take great care to meet with
breeders and discuss individual strains in
order to give the best and most accurate
information to the customer. Providing
reliable information is extremely important to the Attitude, and customers can be
sure that their queries will be dealt with in
a prompt and supportive manner, but it
must be noted that the information that
is provided cannot concern topics that
34
may encourage customers to contravene
local law. The Attitude is also committed
to continuing their work of seeking out a
wide range of sources, by representing all
the major players – as well as a plethora of
smaller and lesser-known organizations.
auto-flowering genetics to the status of
being worthy of consideration by the
most serious collectors.
While the major Dutch companies are
still a force to be reckoned with, repu-
famous out there, with global renown. It
stands to reason that any one of the new
and unknown companies of today could
be the next big thing, and the contribution of such people is therefore highly
important. That’s why The Attitude works
ESTABLISHED FIVE YEARS AGO, THE ATTITUDE HAS GROWN AT AN EXPLOSIVE RATE
In this way many names that would never
normally make it into the spotlight have
become popular and well-loved in the
global community.
During their work in Europe, The Attitude
team have seen firsthand the diversity
that the continent has to offer. Much of
temperate Europe is ideal for developing
great varieties that will flourish in similar conditions elsewhere. The continent
encompasses a massive diversity of climate zones, and a great range of altitudes
– sometimes even within one country,
such as Spain, which boasts semi-arid
plains, mountains and two very different
maritime climates on the north and south
coasts. There are vast swathes of undeveloped land where few venture: the remote
valleys of alpine Switzerland, the sunny
pastures of southern Mediterranean countries such as Greece, Turkey and Albania,
or the hostile steppes of eastern Europe
– where monoecious hemp and autoflowering ruderalis thrive. Auto-flowering
hybrids are improving and are increasingly popular among the customers of
The Attitude. From humble beginnings,
breeding programs have elevated some
table Spanish seed companies are also
now appearing, and have been attracting much attention over the last few
years with some amazing sativa- and
hybrid genetics. The diversity of climate,
which reaches subtropical conditions in
the Canary Islands, allows for a range of
adapted varieties to be developed. In the
Czech Republic, possession and cultivation of small amounts of Cannabis is now
legal, and signs that small seed companies may be emerging are apparent. The
Attitude supports such legal enterprises:
so hard to get out there and talk to the
countless organizations that now exist,
wherever they may be.
Over the next few years, the team expects
that as techniques and exchange of information continues to improve through the
community, the strains of the future will
be spectacular – as far removed from the
strains of today as ours are from the varieties of the 1970s and 1980s. The next generation can only benefit from our efforts
to strengthen the gene pool: if current
their global efforts to provide Cannabis
seeds for storage or for legal cultivation.
The network that exists, linking several
continents, is allowing for the creation
and preservation of amazing strains that
deserve a place in any connoisseur’s
library. International collaboration is, and
always has been, the key to a healthy
industry, as without it none of our indooradapted hybrids would ever have been
conceived of in the first place. Without
it, future research cannot happen, and
improvements to techniques cannot benefit the community as a whole. But as long
as companies like The Attitude provide
their efficient service to the planet, we
can be sure that high quality seeds will be
available worldwide for collectors.
As for The Attitude team, it’s back to work
– there are more breeders out there to
meet and represent, and by next year the
list is expected to grow from ninety to a
PROVIDING RELIABLE INFORMATION IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE ATTITUDE
customers will find seed companies from
many countries represented within their
catalog, and new ones are being added
all the time.
It’s taken many years – decades, in fact –
for the seed business to reach its current
status as a serious and profitable concern, and as the seeds of industry were
sown by initially small and unknown
companies, so have those same small
companies grown to become the most
progress is any indicator, they will enjoy a
myriad of stable feminized and auto-flowering strains that current collectors can
only now imagine. The Attitude Seed Bank
is looking forward to a long and exciting
role within this revolutionary movement,
and is proud to represent the talented and
professional organizations that are behind
this vital research.
It is crucially important for organizations such as The Attitude to continue
hundred-plus! With every new addition
bringing their contribution of fresh quality strains to the market, it’s going to be
difficult not to spend hours scouring the
pages of The Attitude’s online catalog
to find that special something to round
off your collection. Whether Cup-winner,
infamous cult classic or new and undiscovered gem, you can be sure that The
Attitude team has it waiting for you and is
ready to dispatch your order, prompt and
efficient as always!
NATALIA AND JODIE, TWO INVALUABLE STAFF MEMBERS
NATALIA WITH RAKAA FROM DILATED PEOPLES
THE WINNER OF B-DAY PROMOTION, IN AMSTERDAM WITH THE GUYS FROM THE GREENHOUSE
36
SMUGGLER’S TALES
WHEN JACQUES COUSTEAU INVENTED THE AQUALUNG REGULATOR, IT BECAME POSSIBLE FOR SPORT
DIVERS TO TRAVEL THE WORLD AND DIVE WHEREVER THEY LIKED. A WET SUIT AND A COUPLE OF
TANKS WERE ALL THAT WAS NEEDED. IT ALSO OPENED UP NEW POSSIBILITIES FOR THE SMUGGLER.
Thanks, Jacques
Before the dreadful events of
9/11 it was common to travel by
air with all kinds of sports equipment. The surf board was a longtime favorite of the hippie smuggler. Due to lax airport searches,
many a board stuffed with marijuana made it through, but it was
the diving tank that had the real
potential. Hippie surfers were
synonymous with marijuana use,
but divers were a different breed
by O’Riodon
altogether.
With the introduction of the aluminum
tank the perfect smuggling tool was created. It only required some simple milling equipment to reduce a twenty-five
kilo tank down to twelve. Access was
usually through a screw-off bottom,
which was hidden under the rubber
boot. Professionals would use a small
internal compressed air tank containing
just enough to give a convincing phssst
should customs open the valve. A twelve
liter tank could carry almost thirteen kilos
of Afghani hashish, lighter hash, maybe
ten. A double-tank set had real potential, but tanks alone were not enough;
this kind of smuggling required physical fitness – a double set with suit and
fins weighed around seventy five kilos
(ca. 165lbs.) Imagine carrying that with a
bounce in your step.
and there’s not so much as a puddle for
hundreds of miles, but they still did it.
Back in Amsterdam the circular plaques of
black border hash were christened ‘banjos’, but it was the real Afghani hash that
people wanted. The real stuff also fetched
double the price, so it was well-worth
locating.
With Pakistan’s neighbor at war it was
much easier operating out of India,
as there was less security – and when
Afghani hash was not available there was
always Manali or Kashmir. At one point
there were hundreds of ‘divers’ traveling
the world with loaded tanks. However not
all of them had the ethics of the Cannabis
smuggler; the method was also unfortunately used to transport hard drugs.
Having loaded the equipment, the next
step was the route. Most would travel to a
neutral nation before attempting to enter
their destination country; some even
changed passports en route to disguise
where they’d come from. The Emirates,
with its oil industry, was a popular transit
point, despite the fact that if you were
caught they’d lock you away for years.
Those traveling to Australia often passed
through Singapore, where they executed
hash smugglers. That took balls. Africa
was the popular transit point on the route
to Europe, but first you had to get out of
the source country.
but this was a period when officialdom
didn’t seem to realize that tanks could
carry more than air.
It didn’t always go as planned. One group
traveling from India transited through
Nairobi, a popular route because of its
lack of baggage controls on entering
the country. In fact, the luggage
would just arrive on the carousel
and you’d have to fight a taxi
driver to get your bags back,
as he’d already loaded them
into his taxi.
On this particular occasion a driver had grabbed
a couple of diving bags
off the belt and started to
swing them onto his shoulder.
Halfway through the movement
he felt the momentum of the
seventy-five kilo weight,
but there was nothing
he could do about it.
When the bags reached
shoulder height they
just kept going and took
him straight through a
plate-glass window and
down a flight of stairs.
The owner of the bags
picked them up from
the stunned driver and
left in another taxi before
the police showed up.
Bags sometimes went missing.
There was a case of an airline putting the bags on the wrong flight; by
the time they were finally reunited with
their owner a month later, they’d been
around the world. One group even stole
the bags off another while in transit and
got away with it. They loaded identical
bags with bricks and placed them on the
same flight. In Nairobi, airport accomplices picked up the real bags before the
actual owners had cleared immigration,
and it wasn’t until they reached their hotel
that they discovered the switch.
groups would employ runners who’d
never been near the source country to
make the last part of the journey. Others
just relied on timing, arriving on a Sunday
morning when staff levels were low and
multiple flights were also arriving from
innocent destinations. The trick was to
pick up the thirty-five kilo bag off of the
belt as if it weighed nothing. Should customs have a look, a tank covered in sand
and seaweed usually did the trick.
When things did run to plan, it was routine. After a week on the beach it was time
to think about the final leg home. Some
Unfortunately, terrorism has changed
many things in the world; lack of exotic
hashish is one of them.
FILLED WITH AIR OR HASH?
Filling the tanks was also a problem as
there’s not much sport diving in Pakistan,
so you needed a reason to travel. Most
used the cover of professional oil rig
divers, but for that you needed paperwork. Some didn’t bother with such niceties. One group of crazies operating on
balls and stupidity used to fly out of landlocked Peshawar (in northern Pakistan)
In Pakistan bribery was often the way to
get bags on a plane without a search,
which in this day and age is a rather disturbing thought. Most used intelligence
to beat the controls, for example finding
out the search schedules. India was a victim of its own class system. Air India flights
had virtually no searches for first class
passengers and a huge baggage allowance thrown in; although I’m sure it’s not
the case today, back then the discovery
was gold. Many just traveled through the
airport on combination of luck and guts,
COUSTEAU, FATHER OF
A WEEK ON THE BEACH: NOT A BAD
‘BANJOS’ OF AFGHANI HASHISH
WAY TO SPEND A ‘BUSINESS TRIP’
WERE PASSED AROUND
THE AQUALUNG
37
ENDANGERED STRAIN GUIDE
Kalamata
Greece has a long history of cultivating Cannabis – mostly sativa
varieties that could be selected for fiber and seed as well as to produce higher-THC cultivars. It is likely that the prevalent phenotype
for centuries, if not millennia, was a compact sativa with some indica
characteristics – similar to other Eastern Mediterranean strains still
in existence (such as those found in Lebanon and Egypt). The wideranging explorations of the Greeks in their golden era, and its prominence as a destination for sailors from all corners of the globe, must
have yielded genetics from many sources. It is also believed that the
original Greek strains may well have been influenced by some of the
by Kali Mist
purest African sativas, as well as those from Asia.
Many of the secrets of Cannabis that are
only now becoming common knowledge
to us were known thousands of years ago
to the ancient Greeks. Although much of
this learning has been lost to the general populace through increasingly harsh
domestic drug policy, a handful of lineages were able to flourish up until recent
times. In Crete there is a fair amount of
cultivation to this day – attitudes towards
mainland Greek policy are hostile and
many Cretans are prepared to defy the
law of the land. On the mainland itself,
the pot-smoking population relies heavily upon imported hash from Morocco
or Spain, and low-quality weed from
Albania. High-quality local cultivars that
Kalamata is high in THC with an intense,
racy effect. The flavor is reported to range
from citrus to woody, with long, compact
flowers that may have a rosy or reddish
coloration, and a flowering time of around
14 weeks – very similar in description to
many African landrace genetics, as well
as some Thai and Cambodian. It can grow
up to 15 feet tall and can yield up to five
pounds per plant when well-tended.
Alongside (and arguably due to) police
crackdowns, growers who still manage
to finish a crop are increasingly choosing
quicker-flowering Skunk varieties, and as
with so many of the exceptional landraces
out there, Kalamata has virtually disappeared off the map as a producer of this
unique sativa. But if you ever find yourself
there and you have a trusted connection
to help you navigate your way around the
tricky politics of local weed cultivation, be
sure to find the last few remaining guys
who grow it and beg for a seed sample.
AN EXAMPLE OF A LOCAL SATIVA
FROM A KALAMATA GROWER ©KALI MIST
were widely available in the 1980s are
now almost impossible to find, due to
police crackdowns on outdoor grows and
excessively harsh penalties.
One that does apparently remain (albeit
in massively reduced quantities) is a strain
developed and made famous over many
generations in and around Kalamata, second city of the Peloponnese (a region on
the south coast of mainland Greece that
enjoys a very pleasant climate). Kalamata
pot is a closely guarded secret and examples are exceptionally rare. It is sativa, and
we can possibly trace its lineage back
to East Asia around 1,100 AD when the
advancing Mongol armies invaded Asia
Panama Red
Wherever humans have gone, Cannabis has followed soon after. Wild or
escaped communities now exist on every continent save Antarctica, and
in the intervening centuries since their introduction various landraces
have evolved. Local growers also often selectively breed for desired
characteristics, leading to highly morphologically-distinct Cannabis
populations worldwide. ‘Phenotypic plasticity’, or the ability of a plant
to change its genetic structure in response to environmental pressures,
is very apparent in the Cannabis genus. This enables rapid localized
adaptation, and it is suggested that the species can therefore survive
significant climate change and – is indeed already responding to ongoing changes. Unfortunately this means that a particular phenotype can
become insufficiently suited to its surroundings as conditions change
by Kali Mist
and newer, fitter examples evolve or are introduced.
In much of Central America, the ravages
of the cocaine trade have left an indelible
mark on Cannabis cultivation. In some
places Cannabis is intensively cultivated,
and represents a significant percentage
of overall narcotics trafficking; in other
locales production has been sidelined in
favor of the more profitable coca plant.
Both extremes can affect the gene pool;
however, when intensively farmed, the
single most profitable strain may be
Minor. They brought their own Cannabis
genetics, which then interbred with the
local sativas of the time.
exhausted while others are allowed to
die off. Conversely, when land is cleared
for intensive coca production, existing
populations are depleted and phenotypes lost. The ‘War on Drugs’ has, of
course, led to eradication of Cannabis
fields throughout the region, further
compounding the problem.
In Panama, cultivation began in earnest
when growers brought seeds (thought to
MUCH OF THE PELOPONNESE REGION IS CHARACTERIZED BY
LOW-LYING, WELL-DRAINED PASTURE LAND. ©ULRICHSTILL
be mostly of the Colombian Red cultivar)
to the country from Colombia in defiance
of the harsh crackdown on drug production there. Panama’s near-equatorial
latitude and forgiving climate allows for
the harvest of very pure, long-flowering tropical sativas. The hilly terrain and
numerous small islands provide many
opportunities for covert growing, and
in the recent past Panamanian Cannabis
was widely available.
and Cannabis has lessened in importance
as an export in recent years. It is still
available from seed banks in hybrid form,
commonly crossed with White Widow or
Skunk to enable successful indoor grows,
but it seems that unless undiscovered
communities exist out there in the rugged
Panamanian hills and islands, the Red is
now truly a lost strain.
Panama Red was the name given to
the bushy red cultivar that ultimately
emerged: reportedly of an airier structure
and lighter color than its predecessor,
and with a racy, clear sativa high – as
opposed to the stupefying narcotic effect
of the Colombian Red. It exhibits long
red hairs on the flowers, as well as a reddish coloration to the leaves and flowers
themselves. The Red first appeared – and
rapidly achieved fame – in the ‘60s and
‘70s, and is apparently now unavailable.
As with many disappearing landraces and
cultivars, selection pressures have acted
against it as cultivators prefer a more
robust, quicker-flowering, higher-yielding
plant, and are introducing hybrids that are
flourishing in the benevolent climate – and
rapidly gaining dominance. Also, while
little coca is actually grown in Panama,
its massive importance as a trafficking
route has meant that local criminal gangs
have turned their attention to cocaine,
THE RUGGED AND REMOTE
TROPICAL TERRAIN PROVIDES
PLENTY OF OPPORTUNITY FOR
COVERT GROWS. ©DIRKVDM
38
ADVANCED INDOOR GROWING
LED Trial with Critical Jack
LIGHT EMITTING DIODES LEDS ARE USED TO TAKE A PLANT FROM SEED TO BUD
Light emitting diodes are electroluminescent, they use small doped
semiconductors to emit light. They have two leads, a positive and
a negative. When current is applied from positive to negative, they
produce light. The individual diodes are usually one to five watts
each, with several wired together to make a single light fixture. For
example, a single 30w LED light might be manufactured from 30 x 1w
by Grubbycup
diodes, or 10 x 3w diodes.
LEDs create about the same amount of
light per watt as fluorescent lighting. An
advantage LED lamps have over fluorescent lamps is the ability to project specific
wavelengths (colors) of light.
Chlorophyll uses light with wavelengths
primarily from the red, blue and violet
bands. Green light is reflected back away
from the plant, which is why the plant
appears green.
A fluorescent lamp will use its power
to broadcast light in many colors. This
includes spending some energy on producing green light. However, if green light
is not used by the plant, then that energy
is wasted. LEDs are made to emit specific
wavelengths, so by using red, blue and
violet lamps, energy is not spent on creating green light. A higher percentage of
the energy spent is converted into light
that the plants can use.
Prototypes of LED grow lights disappointed a lot of early adopters. The first units
arrived on the scene with a lot of hype
and a high price tag; they either didn’t
work, or didn’t work well. Today’s units still
come with the hype and the price, but I
was curious if the advances in technology had advanced to the point where
they were a viable alternative to HIDs and
fluorescents.
The unit I tested is a commercial 104w
combination of one- and three-watt LEDs
from the Netherlands. It seems well built,
and being mostly solid-state, is more
shock resistant than glass lamps. It runs
much cooler than HID lighting, and at
least in theory, should last longer without
needing bulb or part replacements.
However, it is not an inexpensive unit to
purchase: retail price runs in the same
ballpark as a budget HID magnetic
coil 1000w, ballast, bulb and socket.
The 1000w light would generate a lot
more waste heat, would require more
electricity to use, and would add the
expense of bulb replacement, but may
be more appropriate if these factors are
not a concern.
The self-contained unit is heavy for its size,
but was easy to set up in a small space.
To ensure that the plants were from quality genetics, Dinafem’s Critical Jack seeds
were used. The plants were grown in perlite with small plastic pots as containers, in
an indoor vented closet.
The testing took more trials than expected, and the learning curve on use was
steeper than it appeared. My experience
so far with LEDs has shown them to be
unforgiving of errors, and as such I would
not recommend them as a good choice
for novice growers.
Trial one ended prematurely due to low
temperature issues. The LED unit runs
much cooler than traditional lighting, and
as a result the plants suffered from the cool
temperatures in the space. The lower waste
heat of the LEDs could be useful in conditions where excess waste heat is a problem.
Trial two also ended prematurely, due to
a combination of complications from having the light too close to the canopy, and
nutrient uptake problems. Plant transpiration under the unit was reduced, and as
a result, water moved through the plant
at a slower rate than I am used to. Since I
used perlite as a growing medium, overwatering wasn’t an issue, but when using
LEDs over soil, be careful of over-watering.
The third trial successfully completed from
seed to harvest without incident. Four
seeds were put in to sprout on December
17th. They sprouted normally, and early
growth was compact and vigorous.
Internode length was shorter, and foliage
was denser than my experiences with HPS
or fluorescent lighting.
Lighting was switched to 12 hours on/12
hours off at 130 days from seed. The spacing of the branches was still very short,
and the plant was very bushy, but it was
also small for its age. Gender declared itself
as normal (being feminized, it declared
female); bud development was very tight.
Overall, the plant appeared to be a miniaturized version of a much larger plant.
pare the success of grows even if the
number of days taken for each is different.
Compared to the GPDs from other tests,
the 104w LED unit performed better than
a 250w HID, but not as well as a 400w HID.
The Critical Jack has a woody aroma with
subtle notes of lemon. The smoke is sweet
tasting, smooth with a hint of bite, and
has a very pleasant exhale. It delivers a
nicely potent hit, and leaves a nice warm
afterglow.
LEDs have come a long way since they first
hit the market. For use in stealth cabinets
or in a location where heat is an issue,
they are worth taking a look at – if the
cost of purchasing the unit doesn’t break
the budget. I can confidently say that it
is possible to grow good weed under a
well-designed LED light, and that, watt
for watt, they perform better than HPS
or fluorescent technologies. I have no
doubt that a 400w LED array could easily
outperform a 400w HID light. However, at
current market prices, 400w of LED array
is substantially more expensive than 400w
of HID lighting, so initial cost may be an
important consideration.
DAY 81: THE LED PLANTS
ARE SHORT AND DENSE
DAY 172: BUDS WITH
TIGHT FLORAL CLUSTERS
Peace, love and puka shells,
Grubbycup
THIS 104W LED UNIT WAS THE
ONE USED IN THE TRIAL.
DAY 185: LEDS CAN FLOWER.
TWELVE DAYS FROM SEED
THE CRITICAL JACK FROSTED NICELY.
During mid flowering, to ensure the plants
did not suffer due to crowding, three of the
plants were removed.
The plant finished in 55 days (just under
8 weeks). Bud development started very
slow, but picked up dramatically in the
last couple of weeks. Wet weight was 2.7
ounces (75 grams) which trimmed and
dried to .7 ounce (20 grams) of nice smoke.
Start to finish it took 185 days, and final
harvest was 20 grams for a GPD (grams
per day) of .108. Calculating the GPD for
each harvest will allow a gardener to com-
DAY 28: THE PLANT WAS MOVED INTO
FRESH CUT WEIGHT WAS
NORMAL LIGHTING FOR THIS PHOTO.
2.7 OUNCES (75 GRAMS).
39
Male Cannabis:
LET’S HEAR IT FOR THE BOYS!
For most growers, the first sign
a plant shows of being male is
their cue to rip it up and dispose of it – but is there any
use for the males besides causing your precious females to be
ruined by seed growth? Unless
you are a breeder, you’ve probably never thought much about
it. It’s a terrible feeling staring
at a bunch of males, knowing
that they must be removed from
the grow straightaway and that
all the care and attention you’ve
lavished upon them up to now
was wasted. But male plants do
have their uses, and this article
will tell you a little about them.
Any alternative to simply throwing them in the trash has got to
be worth considering. by Kali Mist
In the drug Cannabis industry, strong
males are prized by breeders. Yes, female
plants can be cloned for many generations, but at some point male pollen
should be introduced and new seeds
grown as the genetic begins to weaken.
A good, stable father can be the basis
for hundreds of successful crosses. When
selecting males for breeding, the observable traits that are most desirable are
low hermaphroditism, vigor, good height
(neither too short nor too tall), and rapid
maturation rate. Scent and floral structure
may be discernible from male plants also,
but the effect a male’s genes will have on
the overall look and potency of his daughters can only be known by growing out
the progeny to maturity.
Various males must be allowed to pollinate identical groups of female clones to
ascertain which male produces the most
viable offspring. It is impossible to create
and stabilize a new variety without doing
it the old-fashioned way (breeding males
with females). Feminized seed crops must
be treated repeatedly with colloidal silver
or gibberellic acid to prevent normal flowering, and strains of cultivated monoecious
hemp must be re-developed from parent
stock every few generations to prevent
reversion to the normal dioecious growth.
Having males and females is an integral
part of the Cannabis plant’s nature – just as
it is for humans – and maintaining unnatural reproductive cycles for many generations is impossible without great effort.
Apart from the world of breeding highpotency Cannabis, male plants have a very
important place in hemp farming. They
are obviously vital for seed production
as, without their pollen, new healthy generations cannot emerge. But their fibers
are also prized, and their properties have
been long-studied. The archaic English
word ‘fimble’ (from the old Dutch femeel)
specifically refers to the male hemp plant
and male hemp fiber. Male plants mature
faster than females, release pollen, die and
are harvested for fiber.
The females then ripen and are harvested for seed and fiber. Male hemp
grows 10-15% taller than female- and
A MALE SUPER SILVER HAZE PLANT IN FULL FLOWER
– PART OF A BREEDING PROGRAM ©RIKVA 2009
were world-famous. The coarser, stronger
female fibers were used for ropes, sacking and canvas. The dioecious nature of
Cannabis and the different uses for male
and female hemp were recorded as early
as 221 BC in an early Chinese dictionary, around 1,900 years before Western
botanists ‘discovered’ sex in plants – also
by studying male Cannabis! For this
reason alone, the male of the species
deserves a special place in the annals of
botanical history.
Although levels are low compared with
female plants, male specimens of psychoactive Cannabis strains do contain varying
amounts of THC and other cannabinoids.
The male matures much faster than the
female: it is already producing pollen and
is ready to die in the initial few weeks of
len, the stalk and foliage may be treated in
various ways to extract the psychoactive
compounds, either in the form of hash,
oil – or butter for cooking. Some enthusiasts claim the products they create are
comparable to or even better than those
produced from female plants.
The method to produce butter from males
is identical to that for females. The plant
matter is ground up as small as possible, and stirred into melted butter (or a
mixture of butter and water to prevent
burning) with reportedly good results. It
is improbable that good results would be
yielded from most methods of hash-making. On the other hand, as THC levels are
so low: in many traditional hash-making
communities (such as Morocco) males are
not separated from females – except for
THROUGH HISTORY, WEAVERS HAVE USED THE EARLIER-HARVESTED MALE FIBER
TO MAKE FINE LINEN-STYLE ITEMS SUCH AS TOWELS, CLOTHING AND BEDDING
has thinner stalks; the fiber is finer but
lower in tensile strength. Through history,
weavers have used the earlier-harvested
male fiber to make fine linen-style items
such as towels, clothing and bedding.
Some, such as the almost silk-like fabrics
manufactured by some Italian weavers,
the female’s flower period, allowing pollination to occur and seeds to develop
within the flower as it grows. Therefore
THC production has already peaked by
this point. In a greenhouse or indoor grow
room, if the males are cut just before the
flowers mature and begin to release pol-
A FLOWERING MALE HEMP PLANT
SHOWING ABUNDANT POLLEN
TRADITIONALLY, MALE HEMP FIBER WAS USED TO MAKE FINE
PRODUCTION ©ERIK FENDERSSON 2006
ITEMS LIKE THIS LINEN-STYLE CUSHION. ©RAYELA ART 2008
very select crops – and hash containing
male pollen is said to be yellowish and
lower in strength and overall quality.
However, some indoor growers of highpotency strains have attempted to make
ice-o-lator from males, and some have
reported producing hash of medium- to
good quality. It is said that males make
good oil – when extracted by soaking the
plant matter in high-quality ethanol – and
it is possible that this is the best use for
your grow room or greenhouse males.
When attempting any of the above methods, remember that a higher quantity of
male plant matter will be needed than for
female plant extraction.
So perhaps, armed with these facts, you’ll
be a little more forgiving when you next
find yourself staring at a tiny, newlyformed male flower basking in the glow of
your expensive HPS lights. Console yourself with the thought that you’ve actually
got some usable THC, weeks before your
girls will be ready. Don’t throw them away
– try making a batch of brownies, or an
eighth of ice-o-lator or oil – who knows, by
the time you next have to cut down your
males you may be looking forward to it!
41
EDIBLES
Dangerous Pastry
A DELICIOUS TIME BOMB
The occasion was my first marriage, a
miss-match way back in the heady days
of the ‘80s. She was a money dealer and
I was a gallery owner; it seemed like a
good idea at the time. We married in
Amsterdam and the reception was held
in the gallery. The guest list was varied
due to our different professions and wide
circle of friends. My seventy-four-yearold grandmother even attended, hav-
Eating Cannabis is still one of the best ways of consuming nature’s
gift; it’s tasty and only as dangerous as the sugar that goes with it.
If the dose is right, it can be a pleasant and enlightening experience,
but there’s a darker side to eating Cannabis – the surprise effect.
Unwittingly eating a cookie that takes you into another state of mind
can be a little unnerving, especially if it’s your first time. I have to
confess in my younger, less sensitive days I was inevitably responsible
by O’Riodon
for giving nearly sixty people just such an experience.
in. The cake tasted so good, people kept
asking for more and my constant refusal
seemed weird. When somebody walked
past carrying a large piece, I freaked.
Rushing into the main room, I discovered
my wife’s uncle had found the cake and
was passing it out to little old ladies. In
complete panic, I rushed up and grabbed
what was left and disappeared upstairs.
THE COLOMBIAN AMBASSADOR HAD MOVED
INTO THE BACK ROOM AND WAS HOLDING AUDIENCE
OVER AN ANDEAN-SIZED PILE OF COCAINE.
HE PROMISED TO LOOK AFTER THE CAKE.
ing flown over from England with my
mother. There was also my new wife’s
extensive Dutch family.
A friend offered to bake a wedding cake.
At first it was going to be a normal fruit
cake covered in icing, then the idea to
give it a ‘sparkle’ crept in. The hash was
actually meant to be a reward for the
chef; I’d just suggested a pinch or two in
the mix to mellow things out.
I must have seemed deranged, but
not as much as when I discovered the
Colombian Ambassador had moved into
the back room and was holding audience
over an Andean-sized pile of cocaine. He
promised to look after the cake.
Having already eaten a piece, I was
beginning to realize just how strong it
was. Back in the party, I saw cake in all
the wrong hands. I even took a half-eaten
piece off my grandmother. To add to the
weirdness, one of my more lecherous
musician friends had turned up dressed
as a priest and many of the older guests
thought he was legit. My grandmother
even commented on how nice it was
that I had a priest for a friend. So, when
he got drunk and chased women around
the party, it just added to the bizarreness.
I mentioned earlier that my new wife was
a money dealer; well, befitting her status,
the director of the bank dropped by to
pay his respects. His Rolls Royce and
escort were blocking the street. In less
than a year he would become Minister of
Finance and eventually go on to oversee
the introduction of the Euro. When I met
him he was just finishing a piece of cake.
After a moment or two of pleasantries, he
handed over a coffee machine and said
goodbye, then headed for the cloakroom
to get his coat. I just beat him to the door.
The coat (once found) was handed over
smelling of weed. He left, unaware of the
experience yet to come.
This was a chapter out of William
Burroughs and I was not enjoying it.
Behind me, a shout announced somebody had found the remainder of the
cake. The bearer, holding it high, tripped
and fell down the stairs, scattering cake
everywhere. Half the party fell on it like
wolves; the other half were beginning to
wonder why they felt so weird. Then, the
next surprise.
My partner’s Siamese cats had retreated
to the back room. Playing with them on
the floor were my wife’s teenage nieces, and that’s where their mother found
them. I heard the explosion from the other
end of the party. Numb and in shock, the
haranguing I got had little effect, but did
prompt a visit to the back room.
All about the place the people were starting to turn green; one uncle had eaten
seven pieces. When the end finally came
it was quick. The guy I was talking to suddenly lay down on the floor and then got
up again as if nothing had happened; a
moment later he really passed out. Then
it started; they began to drop like flies –
fortunately I left before the ambulances
arrived. Depending upon who you talked
to, it was either the best party ever, or
the worst.
To my new in-laws I was the devil incarnate.
On the day, the wedding ceremony was
over and the party was getting into full
swing, thanks to that social lubricant:
alcohol. The artists had softened to the
bankers and even I had managed to
shake off the stag night hangover. It was
at that point the cake arrived, glistening
white and sporting a big red ribbon, a
delicious time bomb about to blow the
party apart.
The cake was handed over with the whispered words, ‘it didn’t seem like much,
so we put it all in.’ Even in my inebriated
state, I realized the explosive implications
of a cake containing sixty grams of hash.
Using the excuse of looking for a knife, I
disappeared with it into the kitchen and
locked the door. I couldn’t throw it away;
they’d all seen it, so I decided to cut off
a small piece and hide the rest. When I
reappeared with a plate of minute portions there were lots of complaints, but
that was the least of my problems.
My new in-laws had just discovered the
cloakroom was full of hairy people smokIT’S ALWAYS NICE TO HAVE A ‘PRIEST’ IN ATTENDANCE!
ing weed. It was downhill from there on
THEY DROPPED LIKE FLIES
42
PRODUCT FLASH
Royal Queen Seeds Launches
New Automatic Species
For the past four years, the Royal Queen
Seeds company has been an important
actor on Europe’s constantly expanding
Cannabis seed market. Thanks to reasonable prices, the high quality of the seeds
and active participation in creation and
distribution of female seeds and the socalled ‘automatic’ species, Royal Queen
Seeds has become an extremely prominent company. Due to the enormous success of their so-called auto-flowering species, Royal Queen Seeds has decided to
launch several new species on the market.
Northern Light Automatic: The other
great classic, Northern Light, has been
crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create
another classic: Northern Light Automatic,
a species that flowers even more rapidly
than any grower could dream of!
Royal Queen Seeds Now
Packages Seeds Automatically
Royal Queen Seeds has recently introduced a Hapamatic automated packaging machine for packaging seeds.
The implementation of the Hapamatic
machine, already used for years in the
medical sector for packaging large quantities of medicine, is a logical step for
Royal Queen Seeds.
Boy Ramsahai, owner of Royal Queen
Seeds, explains: ‘Today’s Cannabis consumers know exactly what to pay attention to when purchasing high-quality
seeds, and good packaging is of fundamental importance, not only because clients expect the correct number of seeds
but also because they require them to be
selected and packaged with care.
Royal Haze Automatic: If you cross a
Dutch classic such as Amnesia Haze with
a Ruderalis and a type of Skunk, you will
obtain a spectacular plant, in every sense
of the word: an automatic Haze that flowers in just nine weeks from bud to harvest!
Our seeds are hand-chosen before being
machine-packed; great attention is given
to factors such as humidity in the air and
temperature, and the selection and packaging processes take place in a sterile
environment. With the new system, our
seeds are protected from the light and
sterilized.’
For information: Royal Queen Seeds
» info@royalqueenseeds.com
» www.royalqueenseeds.com
Royal AK Automatic: The well-known
AK-47 crossed with a Ruderalis strain to create a genetically stable automatic species.
“THE WAR ON DRUGS HAS FAILED!”
5
“ONE MORE WAY THAT HEMP PLASTIC COULD SAVE OUR LIVES”
17
“HOW TO FEMINIZE CANNABIS”
20
44
MUSIC REVIEWS
By Kaz Peet
Bassnectar Divergent Spectrum AMORPHOUS MUSIC
Bassnectar is the brainchild of Lorin Ashton, and exists as an open-sourced musical project
that is as diverse as it is dogged, as raw as it is meticulous and as fierce as it is imaginary.
Spanning the spectrum of sonic style, the music covers every conceivable genre and
smashes it all into a synthesis of intense, wobbling basslines and hypnotic soundscapes.
BY COMBINING SOUND AND FORCE WITH WEIGHT,
THE BASSNECTAR EXPERIENCE ENGULFS THE
SENSES. IT IS AS PHYSICAL AS IT IS AUDITORY –
A LAWLESS ADVENTURE WITH NO LIMITATIONS,
AND NO HESITATION IN FUSING THE FAMILIAR
WITH THE STRANGE, OR THE CLASSIC WITH THE
CUTTING EDGE.
This latest EP release, Divergent Spectrum, is no disappointment. As always, disregarding the rules, it traverses a mashed-up aural continuum that reaches from
dark to light, heavy to soft and pretty to ugly. It is like
the next, unexpected chapter of Beauty and the Beast.
Marvin Gaye What’s Going On UNIVERSAL
To celebrate the 40th anniversary of Marvin Gaye’s seminal Motown classic What’s Going
On, Universal present this super deluxe edition. A meditative act of artistic rebellion,
this masterpiece broke the Motown mold.
The album introduced Marvin Gaye, the company’s sexy prince, as an uncompromising singer, songwriter and producer. From the first day of release, the groundbreaking concept work was recognized as a magnum opus; his lyrics, stories and grooves
remain timeless. This 40th anniversary edition couples the much-adored music with the
wonders of modern day mastering, to produce an unparalleled insight into Marvin’s
showpiece.
The set, which focuses on Marvin’s LP and post-LP Detroit recordings, includes a fullyremastered version of What’s Going On, including original mono hit singles; the original,
rejected, ‘no strings’ mix of the title track; several post-album outtakes; his single sequel,
You’re The Man; and a series of recordings (mostly instrumental) made in Detroit before
Marvin followed Motown to Los Angeles. The Motor City theme of this edition continues on the included 12-inch: the LP’s rare, original Detroit Mix, on vinyl for the first time.
The package also includes rare and unseen
photography from throughout the recording process and the remarkable, battle
like story, behind What’s Going On. OVER
ALL, THE SET PROVIDES NOT ONLY AN
ESSENTIAL PIECE OF MARVIN GAYE HISTORY FOR FANS, BUT ALSO A UNIQUE
AND COMPREHENSIVE INSIGHT INTO
ONE OF THE WORLD’S MOST CHERISHED ALBUMS FOR ANY SOUL SISTER
OR -BROTHER.
Other Lives Tamer Animals PLAY IT AGAIN SAM
At the crossroads of US 177 and State Highway 51, in the midst of a vast mid-western plain,
sits Stillwater, OK, unlikely hometown to a remarkable band – Other Lives – and its gifted
singer/composer and multi-instrumentalist bandleader, Jesse Tabish. Tamer Animals, their
second album, is ambitious in scope: densely textured and uncompromisingly sophisticated, yet instantly appealing and alluringly mysterious.
Produced by the band themselves and mixed by Beck’s longtime drummer Joey Waronker,
Tamer Animals was written and recorded at Other Lives’s own studio over a period of sixteen months. Interweaving layer upon layer of intricately winding and pulsing orchestrations, these eleven tracks enfold listeners in a bounteous panoply of melodies and textures
reminiscent of Brian Wilson’s daring Smile period.
The term ‘chamber-pop’ readily springs to mind, but Other Lives’s music invokes everything
from Phillip Glass’s dazzling minimalism to Morricone’s dark, epic sweep. The first single off
of Tamer Animals, For 12 especially exemplifies the latter: its galloping rhythms conjure a
feeling of uneasy expansiveness, a timeless aural sublimity of The Great Plains of the Old
West, with nary a saddle nor spur in sight. For 12 has already gotten the thumbs up from
Radiohead, and the band counts Zane Lowe, Wayne Coyne
of Flaming Lips and Bad Seed Jim Sciavunos among their
burgeoning ranks of avid fans.
UNDERPINNING THE ALBUM’S RICH PALETTE OF
SOUNDS IS THE BAND’S NATIVE DUST BOWL AUSTERITY: A STARK, YET COOLLY ELEGANT BEAUTY THAT MIRRORS THE LANDSCAPE SURROUNDING THEM. ‘You go
five miles outside Stillwater and it’s just untouched plains,’
muses Jesse. ‘I think that has affected me subconsciously.’
The Funk Ark From the Rooftops ESL MUSIC
The Funk Ark is a world funk ensemble based in Washington, DC. The group draws upon
influences from the African- and Latin funk/dance music scenes of the 1960s and ‘70s,
and the result is a gritty and soulful mix of inspired afro-beat and big band funk.
Delivering healthy doses of the sound, this debut album recalls the best of Africa 70, the
JB’s and the Fania Allstars simultaneously.
The group’s keyboardist and main songwriter, Will
Rast, is well known for his work with a veritable
encyclopedia of artists – both locally and
internationally – such as Mya, Federico Aubele,
Natalie Clavier, RAMP and Raheem Devaughn. He
will also be featuring on ESL Instigators – Thievery
Corporation’s forthcoming release.
THE FUNK ARK IS YOUR NEW ONE-STOP SHOP
FOR BOOTY-SHAKING VINTAGE GROOVES.
SHOUT IT FROM THE ROOFTOPS!
Thundercat The Golden Age of Apocalypse BRAINFEEDER
If indeed ‘you blows who you is’, as Louis Armstrong once famously said, then Stephen Bruner’s bass is a mainline to the soul of a man whose DNA was transcribed from the stars onto staff
paper. His Flying Lotus-produced debut, The Golden Age of Apocalypse, out on August 29th 2011, offers both stone-cold skill and uncanny astrality, picking up where the pair left off on 2010’s
Cosmogramma – further distilling the jazz current running through that landmark Lotus release. A longtime contributor to others’ albums, Bruner (a.k.a. Thundercat) is accompanied by
an impressive cast ranging from Erykah Badu to members of Sa-Ra and J*DaVeY, to pianist Austin Peralta and his own Grammy-winning brother, drummer Ronald Bruner, Jr. Still, the end
result is unmistakably a Thundercat record – a lush and magical document combining classic jazz-fusion, futurist electronic strains
and timeless musical seeking.
Spanning a cosmic stew of players, locations and times, The Golden Age of Apocalypse was years in the making even though, LA-based,
Bruner had never planned on releasing his own music. But Lotus spurred him on, and each song became a journey. There’s the ebullient Daylight, a soft whirl of bluesy piano, New Age synth, snapping beats and warm bass. There’s Walkin, an upbeat soul strutter
powered by Bruner’s digitally-distorted plucks. There are raw, improvised numbers like Jamboree and virtuosic bass pileups like Fleer
Ultra. ONE OF THE ALBUM’S MOST STUNNING MOMENTS ARRIVES WITH A SPACIOUS COVER OF GEORGE DUKE’S FOR LOVE I
COME, A TAUT BEAUTY SPANGLED WITH CRYSTALLINE HARP AND KEYS. BRINGING THIS STRING OF DIVINELY UNEXPECTED
MOMENTS TO A MOODY AND CINEMATIC CLOSE IS RETURN TO THE JOURNEY. THERE, BRUNER SINGS, ‘TIME WILL PASS US BY’,
BUT LISTENERS NEEDN’T WORRY. INSIDE OF THIS SPACE, TIME REALLY ISN’T A THING.
45
OBITUARY
Gil
Scott-Heron:
SOUL BROTHER SADLY PASSES AWAY;
YET HIS SPIRIT SHALL NEVER FADE!
Gil Scott-Heron, who died on May 27th, aged 62, was a composer, musician, poet and author whose writings and recordings provided a vivid
– and often stinging – commentary on social injustice and the black
American experience. His declamatory singing style, allied to the overtly
political content of his work, made him widely recognized as one of the
Kaz Peet
most inspirational figures of rap music and beyond.
Scott-Heron first came to attention with
his 1970 recording The Revolution Will
Not Be Televised, a compelling attack on
the mindless and anesthetizing effects
of the mass media, and a call to arms to
the black community: ‘You will not be
able to stay home brother./You will not
be able to plug in, turn on and cop out./
You will not be able to lose yourself on
skag and skip,/Skip out for beer during
commercials,/Because the revolution will
not be televised.’
Written when Scott-Heron was just 18, it
first appeared in the form of a spokenword recitation on his debut album Small
Talk at 125th and Lenox. The following year
he recorded the song for a second time,
this time with a full band, for his seminal
album Pieces of a Man. The song went on
to be covered, sampled and referenced in
innumerable recordings.
Scott-Heron’s music reflected something
of the militancy and self-assertiveness
of such theorists and polemicists as
Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. Over
the course of 20 albums he produced a
series of sardonic and biting commentaries on ghetto life and racial injustice,
including Whitey’s On The Moon, Home
Is Where The Hatred Is, The Bottle and the
anti-apartheid anthem Johannesburg.
But anger was not the only color in
Scott-Heron’s music palette; songs such
as Must Be Something and It’s Your World
were moving affirmations of faith in the
power of the human spirit.
A tall, rail-thin man with a wispy goatee
beard and a countenance of prophetic
gravity, Scott-Heron sang in a roughly
arresting voice that was once described
as a mixture of ‘mahogany, sunshine and
tears’, and one that always emphasized
lyrical content over technique. The bass
player Ron Carter, who played on ScottHeron’s second album, Pieces Of A Man,
described it as ‘a voice like you would
have for Shakespeare’.
His vocal style, and his political message,
would be a major influence on such
groups as Public Enemy and NWA, and
would lead to his being described as ‘the
godfather of rap’. It was a title that ScottHeron himself always deplored. He said:
‘You don’t really see inside the person.
Instead, you just get a lot of posturing.’ He
preferred to call himself ‘a blues-ologist’.
Gil Scott-Heron was born in Chicago on
April 1st, 1949. He was named after his
father, Gilbert Heron, a Jamaican who
had settled in America, where his prowess at football brought him to the attention of talent scouts from Scotland; in
the early ‘50s Gilbert Sr. played football
professionally for Celtic and Third Lanark,
earning the nickname ‘the Black Arrow’,
before returning to Chicago.
It was there that he met Gil’s mother, Bobbie,
a librarian and an accomplished singer.
His parents separated when he was two,
and he was sent to live with his maternal grandmother, Lillie Scott, in Jackson,
Tennessee. Scott-Heron would credit his
grandmother with being one of the primary influences on his life: ‘[She] raised
me to not sit around and wait for people
to guess what’s on your mind – I was
gonna have to say it.’
Cultivating his interest in music and literature, she bought him a second-hand
piano from a local funeral parlor and
introduced him to the writings of the
Harlem Renaissance novelist and poet
Langston Hughes, who became a major
influence.
When Gil was 12 his grandmother died,
and he moved to New York to be reunited with his mother, who brought up her
son on her own. On the recommendation
of his high school English teacher, Gil
won a scholarship to a private school, the
Ethical Culture Fieldston School, before
going on to study at Lincoln University in
Pennsylvania.
In his second year at university he was
given leave of absence to write a novel,
The Vulture (1970), a thriller about ghetto
life, while working as a clerk at a dry
cleaners. On graduation he published a
second novel, The Nigger Factory (1971),
about campus unrest, and a collection of
poetry, Small Talk at 125th and Lenox.
He was soon approached by the jazz
producer Bob Thiele who, as head of the
Impulse label, had recorded such artists as John Coltrane, Sonny Rollins and
Dizzy Gillespie, as well as being the cowriter (with George David Weiss) of Louis
Armstrong’s What a Wonderful World.
Thiele released Small Talk at 125th and
Lenox, a live recording of one of ScottHeron’s club performances. The followup Pieces of Man brought him together
(on record) for the first time with Brian
Jackson, a keyboard-player, flautist and
composer who would become his main
collaborator on nine albums.
He enjoyed further chart success in 1976
with Johannesburg and, in 1978, with the
anti-drug song Angel Dust, but was to
fall victim to drug abuse more than two
decades later, serving jail time for various
offenses. In 2010, there was a resurgence
of interest in his work when he returned
with his first studio album in 16 years, I’m
New Here.
Both a genius and a soldier, Gil ScottHeron’s legacy will survive his death.
With mantra-like incessance, his songs
that rumble from deep within his soul
will continue to incite and inspire generations of young people to take up the
struggle from where he left off.
46
MARCHES & DEMOS / INDEX OF ADS / COLOFON
Gay Pride
Parade in San
Francisco
Index of ads
Name
Advanced Seeds
Colophon
Page
1
Attitude the
2
Soft Secrets USA is published by
Discover Publishers USA, Inc
Century Park Plaza
1801 Century Park East, 24th floor / Suite 2400
Los Angeles, CA 90067
E-mail: usa@softsecrets.nl
Attitude the
4
Editor in chief: Kristie Szalanski
All American Healing Group
40
Apothecary 420
16
While on my way to the Cannabis Cup, I happened upon a parade.
On the 26th of June 2011, San Francisco held the 41st annual San
Francisco Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender Pride Celebration. The
annual celebration commemorates riots that took place at a bar in
Greenwich Village, New York. In 1969 police raided a bar named the
‘Stonewall Inn’, which resulted in a riot. That event and its repercussions are often credited with being a galvanizing force that helped
by Grubbycup
unite the LGBT movement into organizing.
Best Price Evaluations
19
Dinafem Seeds
25
Funky Skunk the
43
Contributors: Grubbycup, Buddy Kush,
Kali Mist, The Sativa Diva, O’Riodon, F.Red,
Kaz Peet, et al.
Ganja Juice
28
Cover Photo: Grubbycup
Green Door the
48
Comic: oz.
Higher Level
40
Hydroasis.com
43
In spite of its somber inspiration, these
days the festival appeared to be more a
demonstration of free speech – and as
an excuse for outrageous outfits, but that
didn’t seem like a bad thing. It looked like
a lot of fun. Thousands of people were in
attendance, and throughout the path of
the parade, people stood three-deep or
more to watch the festivities.
Mountain High
43
Paradise Seeds
1
I hadn’t originally intended to go to the
parade; I was trying to make my way
across it to get to the HT Cannabis Cup,
which was on the other side of the parade
route from where I was. But I was in San
Francisco, and it was one of the biggest
parades of its kind. I couldn’t pass up the
opportunity; I had to at least stop and
take a look. This year’s theme was ‘In Pride
We Trust’.
messages. On the one hand a playful celebration of sexuality, and the other a stark
reminder of the intolerance and bigotry
that still exists.
As oft-marginalized as Cannabis users are,
we can certainly understand how difficult
the fight for LGBT rights can be.
Peace, love and puka shells,
Grubbycup
Intellibusiness Management
8
Letgrow.net
1
Pollinator Company
43
Royal Queen Seeds
47
Sensible Seeds
43
Serious Seeds
35
Strain Genius
11
Sweet Seeds
1
Sweet Seeds
32
Vapors
35
The costumes ranged from sensual to
absurd, with a dash of Salvador Dali thrown
in for good measure. Black leather, purple
corsets and rainbows galore passed by,
each vying for attention. I thought it was
GO-GO DANCING FLOAT
a fun show with some underlying serious
Advertisements: Jessica
Telephone: +1-661-333 3151
E-mail: jessica@softsecrets.nl
Distribution by:
P.A.I.N. Distribution
Carlos Garcia
Circulation Manager
www.magazinedistribution.org
Telephone: +1-310-488-1911
A word from the publisher:
To the chagrin of the US Federal Government,
almost half of the states have embarked on a
process of relative liberalization towards the
use of Cannabis, and Cannabis activists are
engaged in broadening this progression. Some
townships, mayors and police chiefs – on a
local level – now actively support a ‘compassion
club’ distribution system as a way of separating
recreational stoners from the people who legitimately need therapeutic help, simultaneously
decreasing the number of unnecessary arrests.
Whether they are finding their way to the local
medical distribution point or growing for personal stash, Cannabis users are a menace to no
one and are causing no discernible social problem. Some politicians, and even more non-users
than ever, are calling for the outright legalization of marijuana. Taxpayers are frustrated
with funding the incarceration of first-time,
non-violent drug offenders (read: pot smokers)
as well as the social toll that high numbers of
imprisonment brings to some towns and neighborhoods. Now we must be patient and see how
the debate develops during a period of relative
peace between both sides.
Chaz Bono (formerly Chastity Bono; parents are Sonny and Cher) was this year’s
celebrity Grand Marshal. As usual, the
motorcycle club ‘Dykes on BIKES’ spearheaded the show. Floats, cars and people
on foot paraded in front of an admiring
crowd. Actor Olympia Dukakis made a
personal appearance in a classic car.
Churches marched in the parade, welcoming all to their flocks, while go-go dancers
of all sorts gyrated for the crowd. Signs
and flags proclaimed support for tolerSMILING PEOPLE IN BRIGHT COSTUMES
ance. The parade itself is a symbol of the
success of that tolerance, as suggestive REPRESENTED ALL TYPES.
nudity was a common sight – despite
not generally being tolerated in public.
Usually presented in a very matter-of-fact,
humorous or overly suggestive way, the
sight of naked and semi-naked people
appeared to have little adverse effect on
the crowd. Even folks like myself, who had
not planned on attending (and merely
stumbled into the area) seemed far more
amused than shocked by anything we
saw. Overall, the crowd seemed very wellbehaved, polite and a smorgasbord for
people-watching.
Editorial adress:
E-mail: kristie@softsecrets.nl
SOME OUTFITS WERE MORE
INTERESTING THAN OTHERS.
In the meantime, the publisher hopes Soft
Secrets will expose the positive aspects of the
normalization of Cannabis use to the public,
and is excited to offer a forum to both proand anti-legalization advocates. Soft Secrets
forums operate under the assumption that the
publisher does not necessarily agree with the
views and opinions expressed in articles and
advertisements therein. The publisher therefore
distances himself explicitly from statements or
images that might give the impression that an
endorsement is being made for the illicit use or
production of Cannabis. Soft Secrets does not
advocate breaking any laws, whether local-,
state-, Federal or international.
Nothing from this publication may be copied
or reproduced in any format without prior
permission from the publisher and other copyright holders. The publisher is not responsible
for the content and/or point of view of advertisements. The editors take no responsibility
for unsolicited submissions.
Soft Secrets USA #5/2011 out:
October 18th, 2011
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