IBM System x3650 M2
Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
Product Guide
December 2009
IBM System x3650 M2
Product Overview
Flagship 2U server packed with innovation
Suggested Uses: All sectors requiring highly available, energy-efficient, rack-optimized solution
for physical and virtual intensive commercial environments like eBusiness/eCommerce,
collaboration, virtualization, database, and enterprise resource planning applications.
CONTENTS
Product Overview
1
Selling Features
2
Key Features
4
Key Options
12
x3650 M2 Images
14
x3650 M2 Specifications 15
The Bottom Line
18
Server Comparison
19
For More Information
20
Legal Information
20
Your challenge is to do more with less—serve more Web pages, handle more secure
connections, support more e-mail users. You need to reduce the costs of doing business and
improve the service you deliver to your customers while lowering your overall risk. The dualsocket IBM® System x3650 M2 can reduce your costs with its new energy smart design. It can
improve service with reduced operational complexity and increased management functionality. It
will lower your IT risk with the resiliency that comes from no single point of failure. And like all
IBM servers, the x3650 M2 offers you the trust that comes from the IBM global reach, service and
support.
The x3650 M2 is not simply an upgrade to a previous server. It is one of our new generation of XArchitecture servers. It is a game-changing, completely redesigned rack server using significantly
less power with unified systems management tools, leadership reliability, availability,
serviceability features and broad system flexibility, housed in a compact 2U mechanical package.
The x3650 M2 features Intel® Xeon® 5500 Series 4-core and 2-core processors, and either 8MB
or 4MB of shared cache, to help provide you with the computing power you need to match your
business needs and growth. This new line of Intel processors delivers unprecedented intelligent
performance with features like adaptive performance for applications and environments, turbo
boost and hyper-threading technology, and integrated power gates and automated power
management.
The x3650M2 uses up to 16 DIMMs with 128GB of registered 1333MHz DDR3 memory with
Chipkill™ ECC (Error Checking and Correcting) protection—for high performance and reliability.
For even higher levels of availability, the x3650M2 also offers online memory mirroring. Up to 4
integrated high-speed Gigabit Ethernet controllers with TOE (TCP Offload Engine) and Jumbo
Frame support are available, as are four high-performance adapter slots (PCIe x8). The
x3650M2 offers an optional embedded hypervisor to manage your virtual workloads.
The System x3650 M2 offers a choice of up to twelve high-performance hot-swap hard disk
drives with an internal storage capacity of 6.0TB (twelve 2.5-inch hot-swap Serial-Attached
SCSI (SAS) or Serial-Attached ATA (SATA) HDDs). Twelve optional solid-state drives (SSDs)
are also available to keep power low, improve resiliency, and offer up to 600GB of storage.
Alternatively, up to eight HDDs or SSDs and one internal tape drive can be used. The server
supports a choice of four IBM ServeRAID® storage controllers which provide broad levels of
hardware-based RAID solutions. The ultra-dense 2U form factor allows businesses to increase
their computing power and spread their workload without outgrowing their current data center. Up
to 21 of these 2U servers can be installed in a single 42U rack, for a total of up to 42 processors
and 168 processor cores, offering tremendous deployment flexibility. Optional Advanced
Connectivity Technology (ACT) interconnect cabling reduces cable clutter and cost and
minimizes installation time when interconnecting many rack-mounted servers.
Standard in the x3650 M2 is the Integrated Management Module (IMM) that enables the user to
manage and control the server easily—both locally and remotely. In conjunction with the IMM, the
x3650 M2 comes with a Bosch BMP085 altitude sensor (altimeter) that governs fan rotation
based on altitude, to help lower your energy consumption. The IMM offers a high level of
manageability that is designed to keep costs down and the system up—even when network
usage increases. IBM’s innovative pop-out/drop-down light path diagnostics panel enables
quick servicing of the system if a problem develops. These advanced features help maximize
network availability by increasing uptime, as do hot-swap solid-state drives; hotswap/redundant SAS or SATA HDDs, redundant ultra-efficient power supplies and fan
modules; Active Memory™; integrated RAID; temperature-controlled fans with Calibrated
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
Vectored Cooling™; IPMI 2.0 support, including highly secure remote power control and
Serial over LAN; as well as text-console redirect over LAN.
Another improvement with the new generation of X-Architecture is the replacement of old BIOS
with a new generation United Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI). UEFI provides a more
intuitive user interface and understandable event logs and better management.
With the inclusion of unique IBM service and support features such as the IMM, light path
diagnostics, IBM Systems Director 6.1, IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager™, IBM
ServerGuide™ and support for the optional Virtual Media Key for remote presence capability, the
x3650 M2 is designed for superior uptime.
If you need highly manageable, dual-socket/multi-core computing power in a rack-dense
package, the x3650 M2 is the ideal system.
Selling Features
Price/Performance
The x3650 M2 offers numerous features to boost performance and reduce costs:
• Up to two 4-core Xeon 5500 Series processors and 8MB or 4MB of cache per processor,
offer superior performance capable of tackling the toughest jobs. 64-bit extensions provide
the flexibility to run 32-bit and 64-bit applications concurrently. Xeon 5500 series processors
offer up to 225% better performance than the previous-generation 5400 series processors and
up to 900% better performance than the single-core processors of a few years ago that you
may still be using.
• Low-voltage processors draw less energy and produce less waste heat than high-voltage
processors, thus helping to reduce data center energy costs. Some 4-core Xeon 5500 Series
processors use only 60W. This is less than half the wattage consumed by older 130W
processors.
• Sixteen DIMMs of ultra-fast registered 1333MHz (or 1066MHz or 800MHz) DDR3 ECC
memory with Chipkill1 protection (optional) provides speed, high availability, and a memory
capacity of up 128GB.
• Optional 50GB solid-state drives (SSD) use only 2W of power per drive, vs. 9-10W for 2.5inch HDDs. This is as much as 80% less power than a 2.5 inch HDD would use (with a
corresponding reduction in heat output).
• The x3650 M2 is a leader in server resiliency. With hot-swap power supplies, fan modules,
and storage, the x3650 M2 has no single point of failure.
• An altimeter works in conjunction with IMM to govern fan rotation based on the readings
which it delivers to save money under normal conditions because the fans do not have to
spin at high speed.
• Four high-speed x8 (“by 8”) PCIe Gen 2 adapter slots offer investment protection by
supporting high-performance adapters, such as 10Gb Ethernet, Fibre Channel and InfiniBand
cards, none of which will run in older 33MHz and 66MHz conventional PCI slots.
• Integrated ServeRAID-M5015 (on selected models) provides RAID-0/1/10/5/50 (optional 6/60
with Self-Encrypting Disk (SED)) without consuming a valuable adapter slot. It also offers
higher performance 512MB battery-backed cache.
• Up to twelve 2.5-inch hot-swap SAS hard disk drives offer high-performance with high
availability. The SAS controller provides full-duplex (bidirectional 300MBps) data transfers
for SAS drives.
• The integrated dual Gigabit Ethernet controllers with IPMI 2.0 provide high-speed network
communications. Jumbo Frames offer higher efficiency transfers for large data packets. Two
more NICS can be supported on the planar with an additional Dual Port Gb Ethernet
daughtercard. The TCP Offload Engine (TOE) feature offers higher performance for TCP/IP
traffic, with less overhead on the system processor.
• A high degree of device integration—including hot swap SAS/SATA HDDs or SSD drives,
multiple hardware based ServeRAID options, Gigabit Ethernet ports, systems management
and video controllers—lowers costs and frees up valuable adapter slots.
Flexibility
The x3650 M2 has the ability to grow with your application requirements, thanks to
• A choice of four-core or two-core processors with 1.86 to 2.93GHz clock rates, up to 6.4
gigatransfers per second, and 60W to 95W maximum power draw.
• Up to 128GB of high-speed registered DDR3 system memory.
• Four available high-performance PCIe x8 adapter slots in all models. Optionally, riser cards
1
All models require Chipkill-enabled DIMMs (provided standard) for Chipkill protection.
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
supporting two PCI-X/133 adapters can be exchanged for the PCIe slots.
• Installing the ServeRAID-M5015 option upgrades the basic ServeRAID controller with 512MB
of cache (optional battery) to enable higher-performance hardware RAID support, and allows
the x3650 M2 to offer five RAID levels standard: RAID-0/1/10/5/50 (optionally 6/60 with
SED). The optional ServeRAID MR10M controller supports up to four IBM System Storage™
EXP3000 expansion units containing up to 48 SAS HDDs and 14.4TB of external storage.
• The five USB 2.0 ports (two front, two rear, one internal) are up to 40X faster2 than older USB
1.1 ports. This provides speedy access to external HDDs (non-arrayed), optical drives, tape
drives, and other USB devices. Two ports are on the front of the unit and two are on the back.
The internal port supports a flash drive with embedded hypervisor or an internal tape or IBM
RDX removable disk storage drive.
• A choice of up to twelve 2.5-inch hot-swap SAS/SATA HDDs or solid-state drives, or eight
2.5-inch drives and one internal tape drive, offer a variety of storage options. The SAS and
SATA models provide a maximum of 6.0TB of internal hot-swap storage.
• Alternatively, iSCSI or Fibre Channel-attached storage can be attached using IBM System
Storage™ servers.
Manageability
Powerful systems management features simplify local and remote management of the x3650 M2:
• The x3650 M2 includes an Integrated Management Module (IMM) to monitor server
availability, perform Predictive Failure Analysis, etc., and trigger IBM Systems Director alerts.
The IMM performs the functions of both the Baseboard Management Controller (BMC) of
earlier systems and the Remote Supervisor Adapter II and is upgradeable to remote
presence/cKVM.
• An optional Virtual Media Key provides additional systems management capabilities, including
Web-based out-of-band control; virtual floppy and optical drive support; Windows “blue
screen” error capture; LDAP and SSL support; and remote redirection of PCI video, text,
keyboard and mouse (cKVM). And it does all this without consuming a valuable adapter slot.
• Integrated industry-standard Unified Extensible Firmware Interface (UEFI) next-generation
BIOS. New capabilities include:
– Human readable event logs — no more beep codes
– Complete out-of-band coverage by the Advance Settings Utility to simplify remote setup
– A complete setup solution, allowing adapter configuration functions to be moved into UEFI
– Consistent firmware management across an entire product line
• Integrated Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 1.2 support.
• Integrated IPMI 2.0 support alerts IBM Systems Director to anomalous environmental factors,
such as voltage and thermal conditions. It also supports highly secure remote power
control using data encryption.
• Text Console Redirection support allows the administrator to remotely view x3650 M2 text
messages over Serial or LAN.
• The completely redesigned IBM Systems Director is included for proactive systems
management. IBM Systems Director comes with a portfolio of tools, including IBM Systems
Director Active Energy Manager, IBM Service and Support Manager, and others. In
addition, IBM Systems Director offers extended systems management tools for additional
server management and increased availability. When a problem is encountered, IBM Systems
Director can issue administrator alerts via e-mail, pager, and other methods.
• IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager, an IBM-exclusive, is designed to take
advantage of new system power management features, by providing actual realtime energy
monitoring and reporting features.
Availability and Serviceability
The System x3650 M2 provides many features to simplify serviceability and increase system
uptime:
• x3650 M2 servers offer Chipkill ECC memory protection3 (when using x4 DIMMs). Chipkill
memory is up to 16X better than standard ECC memory at correcting memory errors. This can
help reduce downtime caused by memory errors.
• The x3650 M2 offers memory mirroring for redundancy in the event of a non-correctable
memory failure
2
3
Data transfer rates may be less than the maximum possible.
Chipkill protection is supported with x4 DDR-3 DIMMs, but not x8 DIMMs.
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
• Toolless cover removal provides easy access to upgrades and serviceable parts. Similarly,
the Virtual Media Key and the ServeRAID controller can be installed and replaced without
tools. This means less time (and therefore less money) spent servicing the x3650 M2.
Additionally, hot-swap/redundant HDDs, fan modules and power supplies, as well as
online mirrored memory, mean greater system uptime while these components are being
serviced.
• New toolless slides ship with the server, together with a Cable Management Arm (CMA),
that allows the rack server to easily slide into place
• IBM Thermal Diagnostics allows the administrator to evaluate thermal data on the server
without taking the hardware offline. This can provide greater server uptime.
• The drop-down light path diagnostics panel and individual light path LEDs quickly lead the
technician to failed (or failing) components. This simplifies servicing, speeds up problem
resolution and helps improve network availability.
• Integrated 3Gbps or 6 Gbps RAID controller to enhance system availability and data
protection without using a PCIe slot.
• IPMI 2.0 supports highly secure remote system power control using data encryption. This
allows an administrator to restart a server without having to visit it in person, saving travel time
and getting the server back up and running quickly and securely. It also adds new features to
those provided by IPMI 1.5, including VLAN support, Serial over LAN, enhanced
authentication and encryption algorithms (RMCP+, SHA-1, AES) and a firmware firewall.
• Altitude- and temperature-controlled fans adjust to compensate for changing thermal
characteristics. At the lower speeds they draw less power and suffer less wear. Equally
important in a crowded data center, temperature-controlled fans produce less ambient noise in
the data center than if they were constantly running at full speed.
• The three-year (parts and labor) limited onsite warranty4 helps afford you peace of mind
and greater investment protection than a one-year warranty does.
Key Features
High-Performance Xeon 5500 Series Processors
The x3650 M2 supports up to two high-performance Intel Xeon 5500 Series processors, allowing
you to upgrade to a second processor as your business needs require. The x3650 M2 offers a
choice of processor clock rates, memory access speeds and energy draw, including:
• 95W four-core Xeon models X5550, X5560, or X5570 running at 2.66, 2.8, or 293GHz,
respectively, with impressive performance/watt (23.75W per core; 6.4Gtbps QPI speed), 8MB
of L3 processor cache, 1333MHz memory access, and Intel Turbo Boost technology
• 60W four-core Xeon low-voltage models or L5530* running at 2.26GHz or 2.4GHz,
respectively, with low power draw and impressive performance/watt (only 15W per core;
5.86Gtps QPI speed), and 8MB of shared L3 cache, 1066MHz memory access, and Intel
Turbo Boost technology
• 80W four-core Xeon models E5520, E5530, or E5540 running at 2.26, 2.4, or 2.53GHz,
respectively, with reduced power draw and impressive performance/watt (only 20W per core;
5.86Gtps QPI speed), 8MB of L3 processor cache, 1066MHz memory access, and Intel Turbo
Boost technology
• 60W four-core Xeon low-voltage model L5506 running at 2.13GHz, with low power draw and
impressive performance/watt (only 15W per core; 4.8Gtps QPI speed), 4MB of L3 processor
cache, and 800MHz memory access
• 80W four-core Xeon models E5504 or E5506 running at 2.0 or 2.13GHz, respectively, with
reduced power draw and impressive performance/watt (only 20W per core; 4.8Gtps QPI
speed), 4MB of L3 processor cache, and 800MHz memory access
• 80W two-core Xeon model E5502 running at 1.86GHz, with reduced power draw (40W per
core; 4.8Gtps QPI speed), 4MB of L3 processor cache and 800MHz memory access
With the Xeon 5500 Series processors, Intel has diverged from its traditional Symmetric
Multiprocessing (SMP) architecture to a Non-Uniform Memory Access (NUMA) architecture. The
Xeon 5500 processors are connected through a serial coherency link called QuickPath
Interconnect (QPI). QPI is capable of 6.4, 5.6 or 4.8 GT/s (gigatransfers per second), depending
on the processor model.
Two-core Xeon processors contain two complete processor cores; four-core processors,
similarly, contain four cores. Some processors contain one unified cache shared by all cores,
while other processors have multiple independent caches (one per pair of cores). The shared
4
For terms and conditions or copies of the IBM Statement of Limited Warranty, call 800-772-2227 in the U.S. In Canada call 800426-2255. Telephone support may be subject to additional charges. For warranties including onsite labor, a technician is sent after
IBM attempts to resolve the problem remotely. International warranty service is available in any country in which this product is
sold.
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cache is dynamically allocated between the cores as needed. The multiple cores appear to
software as multiple physical processors. The two-core processors offer considerably higher
performance than a same-speed Xeon processor with a single core. Likewise, four-core
processors offer considerably higher performance than a same-speed Xeon processor with dual
cores.
Turbo Boost Technology dynamically turns off unused processor cores and increases the clock
speed of the cores in use, by up to two model frequencies. For example, with three cores active,
a 2.26GHz processor can run the cores at 2.4GHz. With only one or two cores active, the same
processor can run those cores at 2.53GHz. Similarly, a 2.93GHz processor can run at 3.06GHz
or even 3.33GHz. When the cores are needed again, they are dynamically turned back on and
the processor frequency is adjusted accordingly.
Intel Extended Memory 64 Technology (EM64T) 64-bit extensions allow the Xeon processor to
use large memory addressing when running with a 64-bit operating system. This in turn lets
individual software processes directly access more than 4GB of RAM, which was the limit of 32bit addressing. This can result in much higher performance for certain kinds of programs, such as
database management and CAD. Additional registers and instructions (SSE3) can further boost
performance for applications written to use them. Contact your software provider to determine
their software support for EM64T.
Intelligent Power Capability powers individual processor elements on and off as needed, to
reduce power draw.
Execute Disable Bit functionality can help prevent certain classes of malicious buffer overflow
attacks when combined with a supporting operating system.
DDR-3 Registered Memory with Chipkill ECC Protection
The x3650 M2 ships with registered double data rate III (DDR-3) memory and provides Active
Memory features, including advanced Chipkill memory protection (optionally), for up to 16X
better error correction than standard ECC memory. In addition to offering better performance than
DDR-2 or fully-buffered memory, DDR-3 memory also uses less energy. DDR-2 memory already
offered up to 37% lower energy use than fully buffered memory. Now, a generation later, DDR-3
memory is even more efficient, using 22% less energy than DDR-2 memory.
The x3650 M2 supports up to 128GB of memory in sixteen DIMM slots. Redesign in the
architecture of the Xeon 5500 series processors bring radical changes in the way memory works
in these servers. For example, the Xeon 5500 series processor integrates the memory
controller inside the processor, resulting in two memory controllers in a 2-socket system. Each
memory controller has three memory channels. Depending on the type of memory, population of
memory, and processor model, the memory may be clocked at 1333MHz, 1066MHz or 800MHz.
Xeon 5500
Processor 0
Xeon 5500
Processor 1
QPI
Memory Controller
Ch0
Ch1
7
4
D1
D2
1
D3
Ch2
8
5
2
D4
D5
Memory Controller
Ch0
6
3
D7
D8
Ch1
15
12
D9
D10
9
D6
D11
Ch2
16
13
10
D12
D13
14
11
D15
D16
D14
1-16: DIMM population sequence; D1-D16: DIMM slot assignments
Note: If only one processor is installed, only the first eight DIMM slots can be used. Adding a
second processor not only doubles the amount of memory available for use, but also doubles the
number of memory controllers, thus doubling the system memory bandwidth. If you add a second
processor, but no additional memory for the second processor, the second processor has to
access the memory from the first processor “remotely,” resulting in longer latencies and lower
performance. The latency to access remote memory is almost 75% higher than local memory
access. So, the goal should be to always populate both processors with memory.
The X55xx models support up to 1333MHz memory clock speed, while the E55xx-and-up and
L55xx-and-up models support up to 1066MHz clock speed, and the E550x models support
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800MHz clock speed.. Using 1333MHz memory (where supported) versus 1066MHz offers up to
9% better performance, while 1066MHz memory produces up to 28% better performance than
800MHz memory.
Xeon 5550 series processors access memory with almost 50% lower latency than the previous
generation 5400 series processors. That can result in faster processing of latency-sensitive
workloads.
This new processor design comes with some trade-offs in memory capacity, performance, and
cost: For example, greater memory capacity comes with lower memory speed. Alternatively, it
is possible to achieve the same memory capacity at lower cost but at a lower memory speed.
Regardless of memory speed, the Xeon 5500 platform represents a significant improvement in
memory bandwidth over the previous Xeon 5400 platform. At 1333MHz, the improvement is
almost 500% over the previous generation. This huge improvement is mainly due to the dual
integrated memory controllers and faster DDR-3 1333MHz memory. Throughput at 800MHz is 25
gigabytes per second (GBps); at 1066MHz it’s 32GBps; and at 1333MHz it’s 35GBps. This
improvement translates into improved application performance and scalability.
Memory interleaving refers to how physical memory is interleaved across the physical DIMMs. A
balanced system provides the best interleaving. A Xeon 5500 processor-based system is
balanced when all memory channels on a socket have the same amount of memory.
A memory rank is simply a segment of memory that is addressed by a specific address bit.
DIMMs typically have 1, 2 or 4 memory ranks, as indicated by their size designation.
• A typical memory DIMM description is 2GB 4Rx8 DIMM
• The 4R designator is the rank count for this particular DIMM (R for rank = 4)
• The x8 designator is the data width of the rank
It is important to ensure that DIMMs with appropriate number of ranks are populated in each
channel for optimal performance. Whenever possible, it is recommended to use dual-rank
DIMMs in the system. Dual-rank DIMMs offer better interleaving and hence better performance
than single-rank DIMMs. For instance, a system populated with six 2GB dual-rank DIMMs
outperforms a system populated with six 2GB single-rank DIMMs by 7% for SPECjbb2005. Dualrank DIMMs are also better than quad-rank DIMMs because quad-rank DIMMs will cause the
memory speed to be down-clocked.
Another important guideline is to populate equivalent ranks per channel. For instance, mixing
one single-rank DIMM and one dual-rank DIMM in a channel should be avoided.
Note: It is important to ensure that all three memory channels in each processor are populated.
The relative memory bandwidth decreases as the number of channels populated decreases. This
is because the bandwidth of all the memory channels is utilized to support the capability of the
processor. So, as the channels are decreased, the burden to support the requisite bandwidth is
increased on the remaining channels, causing them to become a bottleneck.
For increased availability, the x3650 M2 offers an additional (but mutually exclusive) level of IBM
Active Memory protection: online memory mirroring..
Memory mirroring works much like disk mirroring. The total memory is divided into two channels.
Data is written concurrently to both channels. If a DIMM fails in one of the DIMMs in the primary
channel, it is instantly disabled and the mirrored (backup) memory in the other channel becomes
active (primary) until the failing DIMM is replaced. One-half of total memory is available for use
with mirroring enabled. (Note: Due to the double writes to memory, performance is affected.)
Mirroring is handled at the hardware level; no operating system support is required.
DDR-3 memory is available in 1GB, 2GB, 4GB and 8GB DIMMs. DIMMs are installed individually
(not in pairs).
Drive Bays
The x3650 M2 contains twelve drive bays in all. Hot-swap drives may be inserted or removed
through the front of the server without powering off the system. Simple-swap solid-state drives
can be inserted or removed through the front of the server as well; however, the system power
must first be turned off.
For additional storage, a direct-attach, NAS or SAN external expansion option can be added,
using an optional controller.
A 24X/24X/24X/8X5 speed (ultraslim, 0.5”) CD-RW/DVD-ROM Combo drive or CD-RW/DVD-RW
Multi-burner drive is connected to a dedicated SATA port. No diskette drive is supplied with any
model; an external USB floppy drive may be used, if needed.
5
Variable read rate. Actual playback speed varies and is often less than the maximum possible.
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Disk Controllers
All x3650 M2 models include a ServeRAID-BR10i, ServeRAID-M5014 or ServerRAID-M5015
SAS/SATA controller (model-dependent) to enhance system availability and data protection
without using a PCI slot
The 6Gbps ServeRAID-M5015 SAS/SATA controller offers enhanced performance with 512MB
of cache memory (optional battery), supports RAID-0/1/10/5/50. (Optional RAID-6/60 with
SED.)
The 6Gbps ServeRAID-M5014 SAS/SATA controller offers enhanced performance with 256MB
of cache memory (optional battery), supports RAID-0/1/10/5/50. (Optional RAID-6/60 with
SED.)
The ServeRAID-BR10i controller offers hardware RAID-0/1/1E support. The controller provides
data transfer speeds of up to 3Gbps6.
For external storage, the ServeRAID-MR10M controller enables connection to up to four IBM
System Storage EXP3000 SAS expansion units (48 HDDs total). It provides RAID-0/1/10/5/50
support and 256MB of onboard cache.
Large Storage Capacity
The x3650 M2 offers flexibility with up to twelve 2.5” HDD bays, supporting high-performance
drives that provide high density/high reliability and allow you to scale up as your business grows.
2.5-inch Hot-Swap SAS
• 7,200 RPMs — 500GB (3.0TB maximum capacity)
• 10,000 RPMs — 73.4, 146.8, 300, or 500GB (3.0TB maximum)
• 15,000 RPMs — 73.4 or 146.8GB (1.76TB maximum)
2.5-inch Hot-Swap SATA
• 7,200 RPMs — 160 or 500GB (6.0TB maximum)
• 10,000 RPMs — 300GB (3.6TB maximum)
2.5-inch Hot-Swap or Simple-Swap SSDs
• 50GB High IOPS (600GB maximum)
High I/O Performance
– Offers up to 8X more IOPS than HDDs (67/33% read/write OLTP transaction base mix)
– Optimized for heavy mix of read and write operations, such as transaction processing,
media streaming, surveillance, file copy, logging, backup/recovery, and business
Intelligence
Lower-Cost IOPS Performance
– Yields better $/IOPS: lower capacity (GB) required to achieve higher IOPS
– Utilizes less energy and heat than conventional disk drive
Superior Uptime
– 3X the availability of mechanical disk drives
– No moving parts to fail
– Enterprise wear-leveling to extend life even further
Flexible Deployment with full OS Support
– Traditional HDD form factor offerings
– Supports Linux, Windows and VMware
2-5-inch HDDs not only require less space than 3.5-inch drives, they weigh less, consume half
the power, produce less noise, seek faster, and offer increased reliability.
The hot-swap SAS drives use the Converged Tray for interchangeability with other IBM System
x® systems. If you need more storage space, terabyte capacities are possible with external IBM
System Storage direct-attach, NAS and SAN offerings.
6
Data transfer rates depend on many factors and are often less than the maximum possible.
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High-Performance Adapter Slots
The x3650 M2 provides four x8 (“by 8”) 8GBps PCIe (PCI Express) Gen 2 high performance I/O
slots that the double performance vs. the x3650 for added long-term investment protection (2 PCI
x16 Gen 2 slots optional via riser cards). Each is capable of supporting x1/x4/x8 adapters at full
speed. One slot is full height, half length. The other is low profile.
• Four PCIe Gen 2 slots:
Two x8-full-height, half-length (convertible to one PCI-X/133 MHz with riser option)
One x8 full height, half length
One x8 low profile (convertible to one PCI-X133 MHz with riser option)
• All new adapter development is on PCI Express
• Example: no 8GB fibre for PCI-X
• Good for digital media, 2D graphics environments
PCI Express is a high-performance, low-latency, next-generation serial I/O bus that is rapidly
replacing the older parallel PCI and PCI-X buses. A x16 PCIe adapter offers approximately eight
times the maximum throughput of a 133MHz PCI-X adapter7. (A x1 adapter offers throughput
similar to a 66MHz PCI-X slot.)
There is a built-in riser card in the x3650 M2 that provides a PCIe connector (physical x8
connector wired with x4 lanes) for an internal ServeRAID card.
Dual-Port Gigabit Ethernet Controller
The x3650 M2 includes one dual-port integrated Broadcom 5709C Gigabit Ethernet controller
standard, for up to 10X higher maximum throughput than a 10/100 Ethernet controller, as well as
support for Jumbo Frames and TOE (TCP Offload Engine).
Jumbo Frames—those larger than the standard frame (packet) size of 1,500 bytes—can be
more efficient, dramatically increasing network performance and reducing server CPU overhead.
TOE helps improve overall system performance by offloading TCP/IP protocol processing from
the system microprocessor to the onboard Ethernet TOE processor. There is no additional
charge for this capability.
It also supports highly secure remote power management using IPMI 2.0, plus Wake on LAN®
and PXE (Preboot Execution Environment) flash interface. Optional PCI adapters offering failover
and load balancing between adapters are available for added throughput and increased system
availability.
Integrated quad Gb Ethernet ports:
• Up to four (4) Gb Ethernet ports, ideal for virtualization and I/O-intensive workloads
• 2 ports standard, plus two additional ports via optional daughtercard
• Improves system performance by offloading protocol processing from CPU to a separate TOE
engine
• Primary performance improvement for data copying (CPU) where CPU utilization is 90-100%
• The embedded NIC/TOE supports software iSCSI using a Microsoft iSCSI initiator
• Using a software initiator enables offloading the processing of TCP frames with the TOE
engine in the adapter card, but the processing of iSCSI packets themselves is not hardwareoffloaded at the Broadcom NIC
• Broadcom hardware-offloaded iSCSI (using TOE engine) of the iSCSI frames
• iSCSI and RDMA are not supported on this server
Two Broadcom 5709 Gigabit Ethernet controllers (one on-board and one on an optional daughter
card) provide four Gigabit ports supporting IEEE 802.3 for 1000Base-T, 100Base-TX, and
10Base-T applications (802.3, 802.3u, 802.3ab) through a RJ-45 connector to an Ethernet
network over a CAT 5 twisted-pair cable. This controller supports PXE 2.0 remote boot, TOE, and
jumbo frames (9KB). A license key is required to enable the iSCSI and RDMA features. TOE
support on Windows is available today, but requires the Windows Scalable Network Pack (SNP)
installed. Linux has no plan to support TOE at this time. Please refer to TOE_RDMA_iSCSI.doc
for technology details. Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) is supported.
Ultra-Efficient Cooling
Strategically located fans, combined with efficient airflow paths, provide highly effective system
cooling for the x3650 M2, known as Calibrated Vectored Cooling. The base server with one
power supply includes three hot-swap fan modules, for redundant cooling. Each pack includes
two back-to-back fans with counter-rotating blades for a total of 3 fan modules. In addition, each
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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power supply also contains a fan.
The system contains three cooling zones. Zone 1 (incorporating one fan pack) cools all 16
DIMM sockets, Zone 2 (one fan pack) cools the primary processor, and Zone 3 (one fan pack)
cools the second processor.
The fans automatically adjust speeds in response to changing thermal requirements depending
on the zone and internal temperatures. When the temperature inside the server increases, the
fans speed up to maintain the proper ambient temperature. When the temperature returns to a
normal operating level, the fans return to their default speed. In addition, the Bosch BMP085
altimeter works in conjunction with IMM to govern fan rotation. At high altitudes the air is thinner
and doesn’t cool as well as at lower elevations. In most servers, the fans run fast all the time to
allow for use at high elevations, wasting power. The altimeter allows the IBM fans to run at lower
speeds at lower altitudes.
Why not simply run the fans at 100% capacity all the time? For several good reasons: to reduce
the ambient noise, reduce the wear-and-tear on the fans and reduce the server power draw. The
reduction in ambient noise and power draw may be relatively minor for a single server, but put
dozens or hundreds in a data center and it can make a big difference!
In addition, the server uses hexagonal ventilation holes in the chassis. Hexagonal holes can be
grouped more densely than round holes, providing greater airflow through the system cover.
This cooling scheme is important because newer, more powerful processors generate a
significant amount of heat, and heat must be controlled for the system to function properly.
There are temperature sensors on the planar placed to sense DIMM exhaust temperature, SAS
HDD exhaust temperature, and CPU2 exhaust temperature (through the altimeter).
Light Path Diagnostics
Light path diagnostics enables a technician to quickly identify and locate a failed or failing system
component, such as a specific fan or memory DIMM. This enables quick replacement of the
component, which helps increase server uptime and lower operating costs.
The front of the server has an LED indicator light to show possible component failures. If the front
LED indicates an error condition, by pressing a button on the front of the server an LED panel will
pop out and drop down for easy viewing without the need to open the server cover or remove the
server from the rack. The light path diagnostics panel tells the servicer which component requires
attention. In addition, many components have their own identifying LEDs. For example, each of
the memory modules has an LED next to the socket, as do both processors, all adapter slots, all
fans, all power supplies, the voltage regulator module and the service processor, allowing the
servicer to easily identify exactly which component needs servicing. By following the “light path,”
the component can be replaced quickly, and without guesswork. (Note: In the event of a failed
DIMM, the system will restart and mark the DIMM as bad while offline, thus allowing the system
to continue running, with reduced memory capacity, until serviced.)
Hot-Swap/Redundant Components
System availability is maximized through the extensive use of hot-swap and redundant
components, including:
• Redundant memory protection (with Chipkill protection, and memory mirroring enabled)
• Hot-swap, redundant hard disk drives (with RAID protection)
• Hot-swap, redundant power supplies
• Hot-swap, redundant cooling fan modules
Other Features
• Five USB 2.0 ports — Provides flexibility to add high-speed external devices. The USB 2.0
specification supports up to 480Mbps transfer rates. (Note: Not all USB 2.0 devices are
capable of achieving this rate.) Two ports are provided on the front of the server, two on the
back, plus one USB connector reserved for an internal USB flash memory key containing an
embedded hypervisor. For pre-boot and normal drive use, use the external ports.
• Embedded hypervisor (via USB connector on the motherboard) — Activated with an optional
2GB USB key for supporting VMWare ESXi for virtualization.
• Virtual Media Key — This optional full-function systems management adapter adds local and
remote management functions without consuming a valuable adapter slot.
• Dual video ports — A Matrox G200eV SVGA video controller provides up to 1024x768
resolution, with a color depth of 32 bits at 85Hz refresh rate. To simplify local systems
management, one video port is provided on the front of the unit and one on the back.
• Toolless slides — Allows quick rack installation and quicker upgrade and servicing of the
server.
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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• Toolless chassis — The cover can be opened without tools, and many components can be
removed and replaced without tools, including the CD-RW/DVD combo drive, hot-swap drives,
and PCIe adapters, as well as the integrated ServeRAID card, embedded hypervisor key, and
Virtual Media Key. This can save a servicer significant time.
Rack Cable Management and KVM Console Switching
IBM Advanced Cabling Technology (ACT) is an optional feature that offers many advantages
over standard KVM cabling across the entire System x and xSeries product line. So now you can
interconnect all of your servers with one smart cabling architecture. ACT cabling eliminates the
need for one-to-one direct connections between each server and a KVM switch by using a daisychain approach.
The snarl of cabling behind most racks is at best inconvenient to work around and at worst an
expensive logistical nightmare, requiring the rewiring of servers, PDUs, KVM switches, and other
equipment whenever a rack server is added or removed. Even worse, the veil of cables blocks
rack airflow and can actually contribute to equipment failure due to overheating. ACT cabling is
the solution for reducing behind-the-rack cabling by as much as 87%.
The illustration below shows a sample ACT configuration:
Directly
Via Daisy-Chain
• Max.16 servers per port
All CAT5, 5e, 6
cabling
Via Secondary
Switch
Conventional cabling has bulky KVM cables exiting each server, which then connect to a KVM
switch. The cables exiting a series of KVM switches must then be aggregated via additional KVM
switches and PDUs, which only increases the number—and cost—of cables, KVM switches and
PDUs. Instead, the daisy-chain approach of ACT cabling uses readily available, inexpensive
CAT5 and 6 cabling to considerably reduce the number of cables, KVM switches, and PDUs
needed, rather than increasing them. If a server is removed or added, no complicated rewiring is
needed. One cable connects the first server in the rack to the next, and so on. Up to 16 servers
form a chain; up to 8 chains can connect to one Local Console Manager (LCM); 16 LCMs can
connect to one Global Console Manager (GCM). In this manner, up to 2,048 servers can be
centrally managed. Equally importantly, with ACT—unlike some other offerings—everything is
done externally via cabling; no special adapters are required.
Extensive System Support Features
The IBM services and technical support portfolio provides world-class, consistent, high-quality
service and support. The x3650 M2 server offers a number of tools and services designed to
make ownership a positive experience. From the start, IBM programs make it easier for you to
plan for, configure and purchase System x or xSeries servers, get them running and keep them
running long-term. These features include IBM Express Portfolio, IBM ServerProven®, IBM
Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool, IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator,
IBM ServerGuide, IBM Systems Director Service and Support Manager, Product Customization
Services and extensive technical support offerings.
The IBM ServerProven program provides the confidence that specific options and operating
systems have been tested on the server and are officially supported to work together. It is
updated frequently to ensure that the latest compatibility information is always at your fingertips.
The IBM Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool (SSCT) is a downloadable tool that
simplifies the often complex chore of configuring a full rack of servers (including blade servers)
and confirming that you have all the cables, power distribution units, KVM (keyboard, video and
mouse) switch boxes and other components you need, as well as the proper airflow clearances,
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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electrical circuits and other environmental conditions.
IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator helps IT managers plan for data center
power needs, by providing the following information for specific configurations of System x and
BladeCenter systems: power input (watts), PDU sizing (amps), heat output (BTUs), airflow
requirements through chassis (CFM), VA rating, leakage current (mA), and peak inrush current
(amps).
IBM ServerGuide (installed from CD) simplifies the process of installing and configuring System
x and xSeries servers. ServerGuide goes beyond mere hardware configuration by assisting with
the automated installation of the Microsoft® Windows® Server 2000 and 2003 operating systems,
device drivers and other system components, with minimal user intervention. (Drivers are also
included for support of Novell NetWare, Red Hat Linux and SUSE LINUX.) This focus on
deployment helps you reduce both you total cost of ownership and the complexity that
administrators and technical personnel face.
IBM Systems Director Service and Support Manager (previously called IBM Electronic Service
Agent™) is an innovative “call home” feature that allows System x and BladeCenter servers to
automatically report hardware problems to IBM support, which can even dispatch onsite service8
if necessary to those customers entitled to onsite support under the terms of their warranty or an
IBM Maintenance Agreement. Service and Support Manager resides on a server and provides
electronic support and problem management capabilities through a highly secure electronic
dialogue between your systems and IBM. It monitors networked servers for hardware errors and
it can perform hardware and software inventories and report inventory changes to IBM. All
information sent to IBM is stored in a highly secure database and used for improved problem
determination.
Additional services include hardware warranty upgrades and factory-installed Product
Customization Services (PCS), such as asset tagging, hardware integration, software imaging
and operating systems personalization.
IBM offers extensive technical support by phone and via the Web. Support options include links
to forums/newsgroups, problem submission, online shopping support, service offerings, device
drivers for all IBM product lines, software downloads and even upcoming technical seminar
worldwide schedules and registration. Also available are remote installation, configuration and
usage support for System x and xSeries hardware and software, as well as onsite custom
services to provide the level of expertise you require.
Advanced Systems Management Capabilities
The x3650 M2 has a high level of systems management capabilities that are well-suited to
remote locations as well as to stand-alone environments. Features include UEFI, IMM, Tool
Center, IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager, Automatic Server Restart, Wake on LAN®
support, PXE support, text console redirect, Predictive Failure Analysis, IBM Systems Director
and support for an optional Remote Supervisor Adapter II SlimLine.
The Integrated Management Module (IMM) provides industry-standard Intelligent Platform
Management Interface (IPMI) 2.0-compliant systems management. It provides a number of
important system functions, including:
• Monitoring of system and battery voltage, system temperature, fans, power supplies,
processor and DIMM status
• Fan speed control
• Product ID and Family ID detection
• Highly secure remote power on/off
• System reset control
• NMI/SMI detection and generation
• System diagnostic LED control (power, HDD, activity, alerts, heartbeat)
• IPMI over LAN
• Serial Over LAN
• Proxy server support
• LAN messaging and alerting
• Text console redirection over LAN
• VLAN support
• Enhanced authentication and encryption algorithms (RMCP+, SHA-1, AES)
• Local update of IMM firmware
• Firmware firewall
• Support for IPMI v2.0 compliant management software (e.g., xCAT)
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• Other mandatory and optional IPMI IMM functions
The IMM alerts IBM Systems Director to anomalous environmental factors, such as voltage and
thermal conditions—even if the server has failed.
The x3650 M2 also supports an optional IBM Virtual Media Key for additional systems
management capabilities, including:
• Graphical console redirection over LAN
• Web-based out-of-band control
• Windows “blue screen” capture
• Remote virtual floppy and CD-ROM
• High-speed remote redirection of PCI video, keyboard and mouse
• SSL (Secure Socket Layer) and LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) support
IBM developed IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager to put control of system powersaving features at the fingertips of administrators. Active Energy Manager is designed to take
advantage of new features, such as monitoring power usage and balancing the performance of
the system according to available power input. It provides the ability to plan and predict power
consumption based on your hardware configuration. It also helps enable you to reduce the
infrastructure required for redundancy, by using fewer servers on smaller power feeds and
potentially lowering your overall data center support costs. It does this by inventorying all
components, then adding up the total power draw and tracking the usage. It also includes power
management features to help administrators manage or reduce power usage.
Automatic Server Restart (ASR) helps reduce downtime by restarting the server automatically
in the event of a system lockup. ASR technology is a combination of hardware circuitry tied into
the server’s system reset function and a device driver. As long as the server continues running,
the ASR watchdog timer will keep being reset, but if the operating system crashes or the
hardware freezes somehow the ASR software will be unable to reset the hardware timer. If the
timer is not reset within five minutes, it automatically triggers the ASR hardware, which
immediately restarts the server (and logs an ASR event with IBM Systems Director). These
features are designed so that no more than five minutes can pass before the server is restarted.
Wake on LAN permits the server to be remotely powered on if it has been shut off. Once
powered up, the server can be controlled across the network, using the Preboot Execution
Environment (PXE).
Like Wake on LAN, PXE is system firmware. It enables software such as the optional IBM
Remote Deployment Manager to take control of a system before the BIOS, operating system or
applications are loaded (using Wake on LAN/PXE) and lets an administrator perform many lowlevel tasks remotely that would otherwise require a visit to each system. These tasks may include
such things as formatting a hard disk drive, updating system firmware, or deploying a Windows or
Linux operating system.
Text Console Redirection support allows the administrator to remotely view x3650 M2 text
messages over serial or LAN. An optional upgrade to the Virtual Media Key adds graphical
console redirection.
Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA) is designed to allow the system to detect impending failure of
supported components (processors, memory, HDDs, voltage regulator modules (VRMs), power
supplies, and fans) before actual failure, and alert the administrator through IBM Systems
Director. This gives you the ability to replace the failing component before it fails, resulting in
increased uptime.
IBM Systems Director software for advanced workgroup management is included with the
x3650 M2. IBM Systems Director comes with a portfolio of tools, including IBM Systems
Director Active Energy Manager™, Service and Support Manager, and others. System
Availability (a no-charge download) and Capacity Manager (sold separately) are available as addons for additional server management and increased availability. IBM Systems Director provides
a single uniform graphical interface for all of these systems management functions.
IBM Systems Director enables you to customize thresholds and monitor system components (for
things like temperature, voltage regulation, etc.) to help maximize uptime.
Key Options
IBM options for System x servers help you take your servers to a
higher level
You rely on System x options to supply a complete solution for your business needs. Options
help you create an optimized server system to meet your data protection, storage and availability
needs. Every IBM option is designed and tested for peak performance and flexibility, helping to
maximize your return on investment. The combination of System x servers and options lets you
keep your fingers on the pulse of your e-business.
Processors — The Intel Xeon processor provides high clock rates, two or four cores, 64-bit
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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extensions, a large cache and advanced features for availability and manageability. Large cache
size, combined with fast 1333MHz, 1066MHz or 800MHz memory access and an integrated
memory controller reduce memory latency and facilitates the movement of data. (Note: System
performance depends not only on the number of processors in the server but also on the power
and functionality of each processor.) Adding a second processor may be a cost-effective way to
achieve significant performance improvements.
Memory — Memory is a significant factor in systems application performance. Adding more
memory to a System x server is one of the most effective ways to increase application
performance. For best performance in a server with a 4-core processor, there should be twice as
much memory available as for a 2-core processor.
Hard Disk Drives — IBM hard disk drives help you improve the transaction and cost
performance of your System x servers. The choice of hard disk drives can be a critical aspect of
maximizing the I/O throughput of the system. SAS hard disk drives are available for the x3550
M2 with capacities of 500GB (2.5-inch) at 7,200 RPMs and 146.8GB (2.5-inch) at 15,000 RPMs.
2.5-inch SATA HDDs are available in capacities up to 500GB (2.5-inch) at 7,200 RPMs.
Solid State Drives — IBM solid-state drives offer high performance and the ultimate in reliability,
with 3X the MTBF (mean time between failure) rate of enterprise HDDs. IBM SSDs. are available
in 50GB capacities. They can be used as a highly available boot drive, for storing disk images, or
for other uses that stress read performance.
Power Supply — The optional second power supply for the x3650 M2 enables redundancy for
hot-swap power. In addition, its 92%-efficient design helps lower your energy bill for power and
cooling.
Virtual Media Key — The x3650 M2 includes a plethora of systems management features builtin; however, sometimes additional management capability is needed. In those situations, the
Virtual Media Key not only offers powerful new features, it does so without taking up a valuable
PCI-X or PCIe adapter slot, instead using a dedicated connector on the motherboard.
ServeRAID Controllers — System x servers using ServeRAID technology allow companies to
build a reliable foundation for business-critical computing. IBM ServeRAID technology allows an
array consisting of multiple physical hard disk drives to be treated as one logical drive.
ServeRAID technology also allows data to be stored redundantly, across multiple hard disk
drives— enhancing both the integrity and the availability of the data. SAS and SATA ServeRAID
controllers offer enhanced performance due to onboard processors and cache. Because IBM
ServeRAID controllers can help significantly improve data transfer rates, this technology is
extremely effective when implementing demanding, transaction-oriented applications. By
employing the advanced fault tolerance of IBM ServeRAID technology, companies can effectively
implement networked business systems that require large amounts of storage space for data and
applications that must be available for their businesses to continue operating.
External Storage — The IBM System Storage DS3000, DS4000, DS6000, and DS8000 series,
as well as the N3000, N5000, and N7000 series, comprise a powerful and broad shared storage
family with integrated management software designed to meet midrange and enterprise needs.
For lower-end needs, IBM offers the System Storage EXP3000 storage enclosure.
External SAN, iSCSI, and direct-attach storage is available using one of several IBM System
Storage and TotalStorage host bus adapters. Additionally, external LAN-attached tape storage is
available.
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IBM System x3650 M2 Images
Front View
Video Port
Power
Button
USB 2.0
Ports
Hexagonal
Ventilation
Holes
Status
Lights
Empty Hot-Swap 2.5” Bays
Hot-Swap 2.5”
Optical Drive
HDDs
Pop-Out Light Path
Diagnostics Panel
Light Path Diagnostics
Panel Eject Button
Inside View
USB
Hypervisor
Key
ServeRAID
Controller
Hot-Swap Power
Supplies
Hot-Swap
HDD Bays
Processor
Hot-Swap
Fan
Packs
Adapter Slots
16 DIMM Slots
Gb Ethernet
Processor
Adapter Slots
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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Rear View
Adapter Slots
Adapter Slots
Hot-Swap Power
Supplies
Fast Ethernet
Port for IMM
Gb
Ethernet
Ports
Video
Port
Serial
Port
USB
Ports
IBM System x3650 M2 Specifications
Machine type
7947-1XX, 2XX, 3XX, 4XX, 5XX, 6XX, 7XX, 8XX, 9XX
2U
Form factor
4-Core Xeon
(E55xx/L55xx/X55xx)
2.0GHz E5504 (24x), 2.13GHz E5506 (34x,3Ax),
2.26GHz E5520 (32x, 44x), 2.26GHz L5520 (4Lx),
2.4GHz E5530 (56x), 2.53GHz E5540 (64x, 66x),
2.66GHz X5550 (74x, 76x), 2.8GHz X5560 (84x, 86x),
2.93GHz X5570 (94x, 96x),
other processors supported via CTO
Processor type
2-Core Xeon
(E55xx)
1.86GHz E5502 (12X)
Maximum processor power draw
60W (4Lx) --2.4GHz L5530
supported via CTO
80W (12x, 24x, 3Ax/34x,
32x, 44x, 56x, 64x/66x)
95W (74x/76x, 84x/86x,
94x/96x)
QuickPath Interconnect (QPI) speed
(gigatransfers per second)
4.8Gtps
(12x, 24x, 3Ax/34x)
5.86Gtps
(32x/44x, 4Lx, 56x,
64x/66x)
6.4Gtps
(74x/76x, 84x/86x,
94x/96x)
# of processors standard / maximum
Internal L3 cache
2 / 2 (76x, 86x, 96x)
1 / 2 (all other models)
4MB (1 x 4MB unified cache)—(12x,
24x, 34x/3Ax)
8MB (1 x 8MB unified cache)—(32x,
44x/4Lx, 56x, 64x/66x, 74x/76x,
84x/86x, 94x/96x)
Intel 5520
Chipset
16GB (4 x 4GB) — 76x, 86x, 96x
Standard memory9 (128GB maximum)
4GB (1 x 4GB)
(64x, 74x,, 84x, 94x)
8GB (2 x 4GB) — 66x
4GB (2 x 2GB)
(24x, 34x, 44x, 4Lx, 56x)
2GB (2 x 1GB)
(12x, 32x, 3Ax)
Standard memory type
Registered PC3-10600 (DDR III ECC (Chipkill protection when using x4 DIMMs)
Maximum memory access speed
1333MHz (74x/76x, 84x/86x, 94x/96x)
Memory interleaving
DIMM capacities supported
# of DIMM sockets total / available
Online hot-spare memory supported
Memory mirroring supported / # of DIMM
sockets reserved for mirroring
1066MHz (32x/44x, 4Lx, 56x, 64x/66x)
Yes (four-way using multiples of 4 DIMMs; two-way otherwise)
1GB, 2GB, 4GB, 8GB
16 (8 per processor) / 14
No
Yes / 1 channel active, 1 spare, 1 unused
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Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
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# of HDD drive bays total / available
# of 5.25" bays total / available
Maximum drive capacity
Drive capacities supported
12 / 12 (2.5-inch)
(Requires a Hot Swap SAS-SATA 4 Pac kit)
1 / 1 (24x, 44x, 4Lx, 56x, 64x/66x, 74x,
84x, 94x)
1 / 0 (12x, 34x/3Ax, 32x, 76x, 86x, 96x)
2.5-inch SAS/SATA
6.0TB (12 x 500GB) hot-swap
2.5-inch SSD
600GB (12 x 50GB) hot-swap
2.5-inch HS SAS
500GB – 7.2K
73.4, 146.8, 300GB –
10K
73.4, 146.8GB —15K
1 CD-RW/DVD-ROM
Combo
(12x, 32x/3Ax)
1 CD-RW/DVD-RW
Multi-burner —
(34x, 76x, 86x, 96x)
One (DDS Gen 5, DDS Gen 6)
Internal tape drives supported
Hot-swap SAS/SATA/SSD; also simple-swap SSD
LSI 1068
Integrated disk controller
1
# of disk drives supported per port
Integrated RAID controller
Optional internal RAID controllers
supported
External disk drives supported
None (optional for 24x,
44x/4Lx, 56x, 64x/66x,
74x, 84x, 94x)
None (optional)
# of diskette drives standard
Disk drive technology
2.5-inch HS or SS SSD
50GB
None (all models open bay)
# of HDDs standard
# of optical drives standard
2.5-inch HS SATA
160, 500GB – 7.2K
300GB – 10K
ServeRAID-BR10i—
RAID-0/1/1E (12x,
24x, 32x/34x/3Ax,
44x/4Lx, 56x)
ServeRAID-M5014
(256MB cache) optional
battery—RAID-0/1/10/5/50;
optional RAID-6/60 with
SED (64x/66x)
ServeRAID-M5014
(256MB cache) optional battery RAID0/1/10/5/50; optional RAID-6/60 with
SED (12x, 24x, 32x/34x/3Ax, 44x/4Lx,
56x)
ServeRAID-M5015
(512MB cache) with
battery—RAID-0/1/10/5/50;
optional RAID-6/60 with
SED (74x/76x, 84x/86x,
94x/96x)
ServeRAID-M5015 (512MB cache)
optional battery RAID-0/1/10/5/50;
optional RAID-6/60 with SED (12x, 24x,
32x/34x/3Ax, 44x/4Lx, 56x, 64x/66x)
Yes, via optional ServeRAID-MR10M controller (256MB cache standard—
SAS/SATA; adds RAID-0/1/10/5/50/6/60)
# of adapter slots total / available
4 /4
# of PCIe x8 Gen 2 slots (8GBps)
2 (via optional risers)
# of PCI-X/133 slots (1GBps)
None standard (optional in place of 1 PCIe slot)
# of 33MHz legacy PCI slots
None
# of video ports
2 (one front, one rear)
Video controller
Matrox G200eV (in IMM) standard
(NVIDIA FX580, 1800, or 3800 available for CTO and special-bid models)
16MB DDR-2 SDRAM
Video memory
Maximum video resolution at 32-bit color
1600 x 1200 x 16-bit color at 85Hz
Gigabit Ethernet controller
Broadcom BCM5709
# of Gigabit Ethernet ports
2 standard plus 2 optional
# of RS485 ports
None
# of serial ports
1 (rear)
# of parallel ports
None (USB-attached)
Please see the Legal Information section for important notices and information.
16
Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
# of mouse ports
None (USB-attached)
# of keyboard ports
None (USB-attached)
5 (2 front, 2 rear, 1 internal for an optional tape drive, IBM RDX disk storage
device, or USB flash memory key containing an embedded hypervisor) ports
# of USB 2.0 ports
Yes (IMM)
Integrated systems management controller
Virtual Media Key (optional)
Optional systems management adapter
Yes, with external pop-out/drop-down panel
Light path diagnostics support
Predictive Failure Analysis (PFA) support
Processors, memory, voltage regulator modules (VRMs), power supplies and fans
675W universal, autoswitching, hot-swap
Power supply size
2 / 2 (76x, 86x, 96x)
# of power supplies standard / maximum
Yes (with two power supplies installed)
Hot-swap/redundant power supported
# of fans/blowers standard / maximum
1 / 2 (all other models)
3 (with one processor installed)
3 (with two processors installed)
Yes (standard)
Hot-swap/redundant fans supported
Slides and Cable Management Arm (provided standard)
Rack mount method
7,000 ft;
2,133 m
Maximum altitude
Operating temperature range
50 – 95º F; 10 – 35º C (up to 3,000 ft /
914.4 m)
50 – 90º F; 10 – 32º C (3,000 ft to 7,000
ft / 914.4m to 2,133m)
3.35” (85mm) H
17.47” (443.6mm) W
28.74” (730.1mm) D
28 (minimum) – 34.5 lb (maximum)
12.7 – 15.6 kg
Dimensions (HWD) / weight
Microsoft Windows Server 2008 / 2008 R2; Microsoft Windows Server 2003 / 2003
R2; RHEL 4 32/64-bit without Xen; RHEL 5 32/64-bit, with and without Xen;
SLES 10/11 32/64-bit with and without Xen; VMware ESX Server 4.0, ESXi Server
4.0; Solaris 10
Operating systems supported
3 years (parts and labor)10
Length of limited warranty
The Bottom Line
The IBM System x3650 M2 is an extremely energy efficient, powerful system, incorporating
significantly redesigned management tools and abundant IBM-unique innovations:
Price/Performance
• High-throughput processors — Up to two 2.0 to 2.93GHz four-core or 1.86GHz two-core
Xeon processors; up to two 4-core or 2-core processors total
• Energy-efficient low-voltage processors — 60W four-core Xeon 5500 Series processors
• Large cache — 8MB or 4MB of L3 processor cache (processor-specific)
• 64-bit extensions (EM64T)
• Fast memory — Registered PC3-10600 DDR III ECC DIMMs standard, operating at
1333MHz, 1066MHz or 800Mhz (depending on processor model and memory configuration)
• Fast disk technology — Supports high-performance drives that provide high density/high
reliability and allow you to scale up as your business grows.
• Fast communications — Integrated dual Gigabit Ethernet controllers standard supporting
Jumbo Frames and TOE; two additional NICs optional
• Fast I/O — Four PCIe x8 adapter slots (replaceable with two x16)
Flexibility
• Large memory capacity — Up to 128GB of registered DDR2 DIMMs, using 16 DIMM slots
• Up to twelve 2.5-inch hot-swap SAS/SATA HDDs or SSDs or simple-swap SSDs
• Choice of disk storage — Up to 6.0TB of internal SAS/SATA storage, 600GB of internal
solid-state storage
• High-performance external expansion — Five 480Mbps USB 2.0 ports (two front, two rear,
one internal for optional USB key with hypervisor)
Please see the Legal Information section for important notices and information.
17
Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
• Slotless hardware-based 3Gbps RAID-0/1/1E or 6Gbps RAID-0/1/10/5/50 (optional RAID6/60 with SED support) standard
• Four available adapter slots:
Four x811 PCIe Gen 2 slots (8GBps)
An optional riser card containing one 133MHz PCI-X slot can replace each of the two
riser cards
• Integrated CD-RW/DVD-ROM Combo or CD-RW/DVD-RW Multi-burner drive on selected
models, optional on others
• Two video ports (one on the front and one on the back)
• Optional iSCSI HBA Adapter for IXA Connectivity (to System i® servers)
Manageability, Serviceability and Availability
• IBM Systems Director systems management software, including:
IBM Systems Director Active Energy Manager
IBM Service and Support Manager
• Integrated Management Module (IMM):
IPMI 2.0 compliance, including highly secure remote power control
Text console redirection systems management standard
• Active Memory protection:
Advanced Chipkill ECC memory protection support
Memory mirroring
• Integrated ServeRAID controller — enhances system availability and serviceability without
using a PCI slot
• Hot-swap SAS/SATA HDDs or SSDs, or simple-swap SSDs—no fixed drives
• Optional IBM 50.0GB Solid State Drive as a high-reliability alternative to internal storage
(with up to three times the MTBF of spinning disk drives)
• Ultra-efficient cooling incorporating Calibrated Vectored Cooling features and hotswap/redundant fan modules
• Standard or optional hot-swap/redundant power supplies (on selected models)
• Light path diagnostics (front LED panel, pop-out/drop-down light path panel)
• Optional Virtual Media Key daughter card (no slot required)
Supports LDAP and SSL industry standards
• Toolless chassis and toolless slide design; integrated Cable Management Arm
Please see the Legal Information section for important notices and information.
18
Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
Server Comparison Chart
Important
Nice to Have
Can do without
1
2
3
Requirements
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
1
3
2
2
3
3
2
1
1
1
2
1
2
2
1
3
3
1
1
1
2
1
3
3
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
3
3
2
2
1
2
2
2
1
1
2
3
2
2
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
2
1
2
2
3
2
3
2
1
2
3
2
2
1
2
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
3
1
3
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
3
3
3
2
1
3
1
1
1
1
2
3
3
3
2
2
1
1
2
1
1
2
2
2
1
2
1
1
2
3
2
3
3
3
1
2
2
1
2
2
2
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
2
3
2
3
2
1
2
2
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
3
3
2
2
2
3
1
2
1
3
3
2
3
2
3
1
2
2
1
3
3
x3950
M2
3
2
x3850
M2
Web Serving
File & Print
3
3
x3755
Security
3
1
x3655
Database
1
3
x3650
M2
Business Continuity
Infrastructure
Applications Email/Collaboration
2
1
x3610
Virtualization
2
1
x3550
M2
Branch Office
1
1
x3455
Point of Sale
1
2
x3450
CRM
Business
Hosted Client
Applications
3
x3350
Collaboration
ERP/SCM
Good
x3250
M3
Communities
Commerce
Security
Content
Distributed
Deployment
Web 2.0 /
Web 3D
Systems
Management
Search
Better
Rack-Optimized Servers
High Availability
Business Intelligence
Density
High Performance DB
I/O and Storage
Modeling & Simulation
Integer
Performance
HPC
Memory
Throughput
Scalability
Key Workloads
Cluster / HPC
Floating Point
Performance
Theme
Best
Please see the Legal Information section for important notices and information.
19
Leadership enterprise server with significantly lower cost of ownership in a highly available and
expandable, rack-dense, 2U dual-socket server
For More Information
IBM System x Servers
IBM Systems Director Service and Support Manager
IBM System x and BladeCenter Power Configurator
Standalone Solutions Configuration Tool
Configuration and Options Guide
ServerProven Program
Technical Support
Other Technical Support Resources
http://ibm.com/systems/x
http://ibm.com/support/electronic
http://ibm.com/systems/bladecenter/powerconfig
http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/library/configtools.html
http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/xseries/cog
http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/serverproven/compat/us
http://ibm.com/server/support
http://ibm.com/servers/eserver/techsupport.html
Legal Information
operates. IBM PROVIDES THIS PUBLICATION “AS IS”
WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. Some jurisdictions do not allow disclaimer of
express or implied warranties in certain transactions;
therefore, this statement may not apply to you.
© IBM Corporation 2009
IBM Systems and Technology Group
Dept. U2SA
3039 Cornwallis Road
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Produced in the USA
December 2009
All rights reserved
For a copy of applicable product warranties, write to: Warranty
Information, P.O. Box 12195, RTP, NC 27709, Attn: Dept.
JDJA/B203. IBM makes no representation or warranty
regarding third-party products or services including those
designated as ServerProven or ClusterProven. Telephone
support may be subject to additional charges. For onsite labor,
IBM will attempt to diagnose and resolve the problem remotely
before sending a technician.
IBM, the IBM logo, the e-business logo, Active Memory,
Predictive Failure Analysis, ServeRAID, System i, System
Storage, System x, Xcelerated Memory Technology, and XArchitecture are trademarks of IBM Corporation in the United
States and/or other countries, or both. If these and other IBM
trademarked terms are marked on their first occurrence in this
information with a trademark symbol (® or ™), these symbols
indicate U.S. registered or common law trademarks owned by
IBM at the time this information was published. Such
trademarks may also be registered or common law
trademarks in other countries. A current list of IBM trademarks
is available on the Web at
http://ibm.com/legal/copytrade.shtml.
Intel and Xeon are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Intel Corporation or its subsidiaries in the United States and
other countries.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
Microsoft, Windows and the Windows logo are trademarks or
registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Other company, product and service names may be
trademarks or service marks of others.
IBM reserves the right to change specifications or other
product information without notice. References in this
publication to IBM products or services do not imply that IBM
intends to make them available in all countries in which IBM
This publication may contain links to third party sites that are
not under the control of or maintained by IBM. Access to any
such third party site is at the user's own risk and IBM is not
responsible for the accuracy or reliability of any information,
data, opinions, advice or statements made on these sites. IBM
provides these links merely as a convenience and the
inclusion of such links does not imply an endorsement.
Information in this presentation concerning non-IBM products
was obtained from the suppliers of these products, published
announcement material or other publicly available sources.
IBM has not tested these products and cannot confirm the
accuracy of performance, compatibility or any other claims
related to non-IBM products. Questions on the capabilities of
non-IBM products should be addressed to the suppliers of
those products.
MB, GB and TB = 1,000,000, 1,000,000,000 and
1,000,000,000,000 bytes, respectively, when referring to
storage capacity. Accessible capacity is less; up to 3GB is
used in service partition. Actual storage capacity will vary
based upon many factors and may be less than stated.
Performance is in Internal Throughput Rate (ITR) ratio based
on measurements and projections using standard IBM
benchmarks in a controlled environment. The actual
throughput that any user will experience will depend on
considerations such as the amount of multiprogramming in the
user’s job stream, the I/O configuration, the storage
configuration and the workload processed. Therefore, no
assurance can be given that an individual user will achieve
throughput improvements equivalent to the performance ratios
stated here.
Maximum internal hard disk and memory capacities may
require the replacement of any standard hard drives and/or
memory and the population of all hard disk bays and memory
slots with the largest currently supported drives available.
When referring to variable speed CD-ROMs, CD-Rs, CD-RWs
and DVDs, actual playback speed will vary and is often less
than the maximum possible.
XSO03060-USEN-03
Please see the Legal Information section for important notices and information.
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