2. - Gladiator Games
Epilogue
Credits
Game design:
Norbert Szeder
Game development:
Norbert Szeder, Balázs Mischinger, András Mucsicska, Róbert Simó
Rulebook development:
Norbert Szeder
Additional playtesting:
Eszter Biri, Ádám Fábián
Editing:
Ödön Hajnal, Márk Bánsághi
Art Director:
Ödön Hajnal
Cover Illustration:
István Vincze
Graphic design:
Ödön Hajnal, Márk Bánsághi, Máté Posta, Attila Ámon
3D design:
Máté Posta, Martin Drávucz
Cartography:
Zsolt Horváth
English translation:
Ferenc Sullivan
Brand management:
Bence Ambrúzs
Project management:
Szabina Florovits
On 27 June 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir presumptive to the AustroHungarian throne, was shot dead in Sarajevo, Bosnia. In response to his
assassination, the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy declared war on Serbia, marking
the beginning of the Great War. However, mutual declarations of war resulted in
Emperor Franz Joseph’s troops also having to deploy against Russia, resulting in
a war on two fronts.
The “Russian Steamroller”, as it was referred to in the contemporary press, swiftly
advanced in Galicia (today the southern part of Poland), reaching the foregrounds
of Kraków by November. However, the progressing 3rd Tsarist Army broke away
from the 8th Army tasked with covering its southern wing, resulting in 100 km wide
“Grand Gap” opening up between the armies, patrolled only by a couple of cavalry
corps from both sides. Under the plans of the Monarchy’s military leadership,
the 4th Austro-Hungarian Army would have stormed into the gap following an
unobserved reorganisation and encircle the 3rd Russian Army, thus forcing it to
surrender.
In the meanwhile, the tsarist military command also recognised the opportunity
and ordered the 8th Russian Army to advance rapidly. As early as November, the
Army Corps VII. had invaded Hungary and occupied the town of Bártfa with the
aim of causing confusion among the Austro-Hungarian general staff. Subsequently,
units of Army Corps VIII. and XXIV. also appeared around Neu Sandez and
headed towards Limanowa with the intention of encircling the attacking AustroHungarian forces.
In this trying situation, the Monarchy was only able to rally units of the 10th
Cavalry Division to defend Limanowa, while it only managed to reinforce the
tumbledown formations of the 3rd Austro-Hungarian Army, in defence in the
Bártfa area, with hastily established Hungarian infantry regiments in order to
drive out the intruders...
Players control one of the two Austro-Hungarian or Russian army groups on the gameboard,
which symbolises the battlefield on which the operations took place. During the games, the two
Austro-Hungarian army groups (the Hadfy Group and the Szurmay Group) fight against the two
Russian army corps (Army Corps VII. and VIII.). The game’s objective is to use two allied army
groups to defeat the two hostile army groups by meeting one of the victory criteria.
1
Game components
Game components
1x weather
cornerpiece
30x strategic battlecards
10x artillery battlecards
33x registry sheets
3x reinforcement
cornerpieces
23x target-marking
slips
28x artillery tokens
4x gameboard
4x “Legend” /
“Railway Network annexes
1x “Kraków Reinforcement” miniboard
20x action-marking flags
1x “The Gameboard” annex
8x railway tokens
45x loss indicators
4x dices
2
57x units minifigs
60x army corps plastic stands
4x “Battleplan” annexes
2x “Basic Information” annexes
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Credits................................................................................................................. 00
Epilogue............................................................................................................... 01
Game components................................................................................................. 02
Table of contents.................................................................................................. 04
I. Setting up the game.................................................. 06
II. Game objectives and criteria of victory.................... 07
2.1. Strategic targets........................................................................................... 08
2.2. Tactical targets............................................................................................. 09
2.3. Special tactical targets.................................................................................. 09
2.4. Criteria of victory.......................................................................................... 10
III. Beginning the game................................................ 11
3.1. Structure of the gameboard........................................................................... 11
3.2. Placing units on the board............................................................................. 12
3.3. Types of units............................................................................................... 14
3.3.1. Units’ combat values............................................................................... 15
3.3.2. Units’ special abilities.............................................................................. 16
3.3.3. Replacing and refilling units.................................................................... 17
3.4. Battlecards.................................................................................................... 18
3.4.1. Battlecards’ properties............................................................................ 18
3.4.2. Distributing battlecards and gaining further ones.................................... 19
IV. Playing the game.................................................... 21
4
4.1. Fundamental terms and rules........................................................................ 21
4.2. Phases within each round.............................................................................. 21
4.2.1. Opening phase......................................................................................... 22
4.2.2. Central phase.......................................................................................... 22
4.2.3. The closing phase.................................................................................... 23
4.3. “Actions’” description in detail....................................................................... 23
4.3.1. Move action............................................................................................. 24
4.3.2. Railway action......................................................................................... 25
4.3.3. Artillery action........................................................................................ 26
4.3.4. Battlecard operation................................................................................ 26
4.3.5. Basic attacks........................................................................................... 28
4.4. Close combat clashes..................................................................................... 30
4.4.1a. Evaluating terrain properties................................................................. 32
4.4.1b. Evaluating Battlecards.......................................................................... 33
4.4.1c. Evaluating Continuous abilities.............................................................. 33
4.4.2. Evaluating Artillery attacks.................................................................... 34
TABLE OF CONTENTS
4.4.3. Evaluating Artillery support.................................................................... 35
4.4.4. Evaluating Preventive abilities................................................................ 35
4.4.5. Attackers’ Basic attacks.......................................................................... 36
4.4.6. Attackers’ Extra attacks.......................................................................... 37
4.4.7. Defenders’ Counter-attack....................................................................... 38
4.4.8. Defenders’ Extra attacks......................................................................... 38
4.4.9. Registering losses.................................................................................... 39
V. Checking criteria of victory.........................................39
VI. The Advanced Game..................................................40
6.1. Officer Units................................................................................................. 40
6.2. Increased number of Battlecards................................................................... 41
6.3. Weather........................................................................................................ 41
6.4. Artillery tokens............................................................................................. 42
6.4.1. Distributing Artillery tokens................................................................... 42
6.4.2. Using Artillery tokens during attack....................................................... 42
6.4.3. Using artillery tokens in defence.............................................................. 43
VII. 2 and 3-player game mode..........................................44
7.1. Game on the full board.................................................................................. 44
7.2. Rapid game for 2 players............................................................................... 44
7.2.1. Limanowa Frontline: strategical & tactical targets.................................. 45
7.2.2. Carpathian Frontline: strategical & tactical targets................................. 45
VIII. Frequently Asked Questions......................................46
Prologue............................................................................................................... 48
Prior to setting up the game for the first time, we recommend players read through the
Rulebook because certain components of the game can be described in detail only while
explaining rules. However, those who can’t wait to get going may piece the board together in
this initial phase.
5
I. Setting up the game
The brownish background colour marks
extra information related to the game.
Piecing together the four-part game board with the help of markings on their rear side,
players shall put the cornerpieces in place and finally insert the “Kraków Reinforcement” and
„Units’ combat values’” board elements in position.
Once roles have been decided, players shall refer to the “Battleplan” annex to hand out the
registry sheets of units listed on them and dispense 4 railway tokens each among opposing
parties. The latter are to be used jointly by players on the same sides.
Artillery cards are handwritten, while strategic
cards are inscribed in print.
The greenish background colour marks
historical information.
The Imperial and Royal Free KassaOrderberg Railway (abbreviated KsOd)
was a privately-owned railway company
operating in the Austro-Hungarian
Monarchy. The company owes its name
to its chief line, connecting Silesian
industrial heartlands and mining regions
with the city of Kassa, while another of its
major routes linked Kassa with Eperjes.
Railway
token
Artillery battlecard
Strategic battlecard
Following this, take the packs of artillery and strategic battlecards (40 cards in total)
and shiffle them into a single deck. After shuffling, Russian army groups are to receive 3
battlecards each, while Austro-Hungarian army groups receive 2 battlecards each. Players
shall not have sight of the cards held by each other.
Make sure to place loss indicators listed on the “Battleplan” annex in waiting next to the
board these will be required in battles. Similarly, the 20 action-marking flags may also be
placed next to the board in this initial phase of the game.
The remaining battlecards shall be placed
face-down next to the board this will be
the “draw deck”
Cards’ use is laid out in detail under Heading
3.4, while the use of action-marking flags is
explained under Heading 4.3.
II. Game objectives and criteria of victory
Prior to explaining criteria of victory, let us take note of the final major component of the
board, target-marking slips. These serve to call players’ attention to bonus-reaping targets
obtainable during the game.
Before beginning the game, blue target
markings shall be placed on targets held
by Austro-Hungarian units Russian army
corps are tasked with occupying these.
6
The game sees four army groups
(the Austro-Hungarian Hadfy and
Szurmay Groups on one side, and the
Russian Army Corps VIII. and VII.
on the other) put their skills to test. Of
these, two each assist each other during
gameplay (logically, the 2 Russian armies
fight against the 2 Austro-Hungarian
formations). The four army groups
are laid out in detail under Heading
3.2, while the sequence of gameplay is
explained in Chapter IV.
Prior to beginning the game, players shall agree on who is to command which army group and avail
themselves to the “Battleplan” annex pertaining to their army, as well as the “Legend” of symbols.
With the help of these, players shall take the units belonging to their chosen army corps, as well as
army corps’ markings. All players shall then insert their units into their own army corps markings.
(Subsequently, units are to be placed onto the board together with their army corps markings.)
As the game follows a strict order beginning right from units’ placement on the board and
later during gameplay, we suggest players to be sitted on the chair nearest to their army, in
the order of armies’ movement within each round, which is the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
Russian Army Corps VIII.
Hadfy Group
Russian Army Corps VII.
Szurmay Group
As can be seen above, it is convenient for the two sides’ players to be sitted alternately around the table.
Green target markings shall be placed on
targets initially held by the Russians occupying
these is the task of Austro-Hungarian units.
When a certain target is occupied by hostile units for the first time during the game, the given
marking shall be removed from the game, while the occupying army corps shall receive the
reward – an extra battlecard or, in the case of a blue-orange marking, an extra unit – for
taking the target.
IMPORTANT: During the game, reward after any given target may
only be received in a single instance once the target marking has been
removed from the target, neither side shall claim any reward for it!
7
If any side accomplishes any of its respective
strategic targets in this phase, it automatically
wins the game.
2.1 Strategic targets
2.2 Tactical targets
Both sides have strategic targets, the occupation of which results in gaining rewards and possibly even
winning the game. These are marked with blue-red target-marking slips in the case of the Russian side
and green-red target-marking slips in the case of the Austro-Hungarian side.
Both sides have tactical targets, the occupation of which results in gaining Battlecards.These are marked
with blue target-marking slips (Russian side) and green target-marking slips (Austro-Hungarian side).
The game includes 5 strategic targets, which are the following:
Gorlice, Neu Sandez, Podolin, Bártfa, és Limanova
In exchange for occupying the strategic targets, players may draw a certain number of battlecards.
Occupying strategic targets and keeping them under control is one of the possible criteria of victory. These
shall be reviewed both at the end of each turn and after the round of the Szurmay Group has come to an end.
Austro-Hungarian tactical targets:
The player to first occupy the settlements of
Alt Sandez
Biecz
Ciezkowice
Grybów
Krynica
Uscie Ruskie
Zboró
shall draw 1 Battlecards each
Tsarist Russia’s tactical targets:
In addition to strategic targets, the
belligerents also compete to take control
over the more minor “tactical targets”.
The player to first occupy the settlements of
Jabloniec Ridge
Golcóv Hill
Héthárs
Ólubló
Rajbrot
Szepesbéla
Szepesófalu
Szczawnica
shall draw 1 Battlecards each
In all instances, rewards are to be
reaped by the army (player) whose unit
accomplishes the given target.
The red dotted line shows the border between
the Kingdom and Hungary and Kingdom
of Galicia and Lodomeria. (both formed
part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire).
The first documented reference to the
settlement of Usti dates back to 1413.
During its long history, the village had
several different names, often referring to
the ethnicity of its inhabitants.
Today, it separates Slovakia from Poland.
Having borne the name Uscie Woloskie,
Uscie Karpackie and finally Uscie
Ruskie, it has officially been called Uscie
Gorlickie since 1949.
Settlements are featured as they were named
in 1914:
8
1914
2017
Neu Sandez
Nowy Sacz
Bártfa
Bardejov
Podolin
Podolínec
Austro-Hungarian strategic targets:
Tsarist Russia’s strategic targets:
The player to first occupy the settlements of
The player to first occupy the settlements of
Neu Sandez
Bártfa
Gorlice
Limanowa
shall draw 2 battlecards
shall draw 2 Battlecards each
shall draw 1 Battlecards
Podolin
2.3 Special tactical targets
The Russian side also has Special tactical targets, the occupation of which results in it gaining CORE UNITS.
These are indicated by blue-yellow target-marking slips and are to be found in the lower portion of the board.
The Russian Army corps first to occupy any one of the settlements of
Raszlavica, Kisszeben, Késmárk
may place 1 CORE UNIT each on replacement fields.
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III. Beginning the game
2.4. Criteria of victory
3.1. Structure of the gameboard
Basic game for 4 players (2 Russian, 2 Austro-Hungarians)
The game includes several types of
expansions, which can be used to enhance
the variety of game scenarios. Expansions
and modifications available in the
advanced game are featured in Chapter VI,
while differences in 2-player and 3-player
game mode are described in Chapter VII.
All players have control over one army corps each, meaning that players controlling units
fighting on the same side (Russian or Austro-Hungarian) shall act as allies. Roles may be
determined by agreement or throw of dice.
Naturally, these targets count as 2 target
fields in the case of the 2. victory criterion!
Because their capture greatly facilitates
victory, they deserve special attention!
The Road
The Railway
As allies may inflict much greater losses upon the enemy if they join forces, it pays off for those
fighting on the same side to cooperate at all times during the game in order to achieve victory.
OCCUPYING STRATEGIC TARGETS
Moving between fields connected by road without
interruption, including the fields of departure
and arrival, any unit may double of its steps.
Any side wins the game, if it holds at least 4 of the 5 strategic targets marked
on the battleground under its control at the end of a given turn.
IMPORTANT: Positive modifying effects on combat value owing to a type of terrain
can be validated only by units in defence, with the sole exception of artillery units.
The following settlements count as strategic targets
1.
Railway lines facilitate 1 units’ movement in
exchange for 1 Railway Token. they may move
up to 10 fields from their field of departure.
LIMANOWA, PODOLIN
On the hand of the imperial Russian side.
Flatland
BÁRTFA, GORLICE, NEU SANDEZ
At the beginning of the game, the Austro-Hungarian side should be especially
cautious because the loss of any strategic town results in losing the game!
2.
3.
While the infantry and the artillery
generally have 1 Movement Point,
the cavalry has 2 Movement Points
due to its „Horseback riding” ability.
For further information on the matter,
see Heading 4.4.1.
On the hand of the Austro-Hungarian side.
DESTROYING THE SUPPLY LINES
Any side occupying a total of 8 target fields among strategic and
tactical goals wins the game.
This type of field offers no benefits, therefore has no impact on units’ attack and defence values.
The Austro-Hungarian side wins, if all units of either the
Army Corps VII. or the Army Corps VIII. are wiped out.
The imperial Russian side wins, if all units of either the
Szurmay Group or the Hadfy Group are wiped out.
IMPORTANT: Units positioned on replacement fields are not on the
battleground, meaning that they do not form part of gameplay. Such
units cannot be attacked and may not directly launch attacks while on
replacement fields. Defeat cannot be avoided by a player only having units
positioned on replacement fields.
Trees largely provided cover from the lead
or iron balls ejected from the period’s
most universally used type of artillery
ammunition, the shrapnel shell. (See the
historic background booklet for further
information.)
Forest
Forests may provide protection against various Artillery Attacks. Therefore, units in defence
in forests shall gain +3 Defence Points in the case of an Artillery Attack. Artillery Support
against them may be launched only in the presence of an “Artillery observer”. (See 4.4.3.)
WIPING OUT AN ENTIRE ARMY GROUP
10
1x
The game is won not by a player but by an allied army force.
The game offers 3 paths to victory:
Note: While most settlements are
comprised of a single fields, some of
special significance are spread out on
two fields. Such settlements fall under
the control of any of the two sides if at
least one of their units is positioned on
one of the settlement’s fields, while the
settlement’s other field is not occupied by
an enemy unit. A settlement falls under
the control of neither side if it has no
unit positioned on it or both sides have at
least one unit located on the settlement’s
complementary field.
The gameboard is divided into various types of hexagonal fields on which units are positioned.
Units can be moved to a neighbouring
field in exchange for 1 Movement Point
Mountain
Units in defence on high grounds are in
an advantage due to their glimpse of the
battlefield from above if under attack,
just like artillery units.
All units in defence on high grounds shall fight with +1 Attack Points & +1 Defence Points.
If artillery positioned on Mountains shall launch Artillery Attacks with +1 Attack Points.
Settlement
Built-up areas facilitate effective defence for units located on them. Therefore, all units shall
possess +2 DP if staying in a settlement.
Soldiers in defence against the attacking
enemy may find excellent cover among
buildings in built-up areas, such as
villages and towns. Therefore occupying
settelments with only 1 unit, could cost a
higher price from the attacker.
11
3.2. Placing units on the board
For the sake of simplicity, units of Army
Corps XII. and XXIV. that took part in the
battle have been merged with units of Army
Corps VII. and VIII., which were present
on the battlefield in far greater numbers.
While the Great War’s belligerents were
still to entirely leave behind 19th-century
tactics and organisational forms, they
technically possessed most murderous
weapons of battles to come.
The Monarchy’s military organisation
comprised 3 major armed forces:
Its backbone was formed by the Imperial
and Royal (in German, kaiserliche und
königliche, abbreviated k. u. k.), or
Common Army.
This was supplemented by the second-line
forces of the Austrian and Hungarian
Home Guard (German: Landwehr;
Hungarian: Honvédség).
The army’s ethnic composition well
reflected the Monarchy’s proportions;
some quarter of soldiers were Germans
and a further third Hungarians, followed
by shares of Czechs, Serbs and Croats,
Poles, Ruthenes, etc.
The gameboard features the map of battles at Limanowa and in the Carpathians – the scenes of
the game itself and the clashes within it –, including scale-proportional renditions of the real-life
military operations. In the initial phase of the game, one division each of the 8th Russian Army
is in attack against Austro-Hungarian forces in defence at Limanowa and in the Carpathians.
Hadfy Group, fighting at Limanowa:
Army Corps VIII., fighting at Limanowa:
Core units:
Core units:
1 pc. 1 pc.
1 pc. 1 pc. K.u.K. 1875M cannon
K.u.K. line infantry
K.u.K. artillery observer
K.u.K. uhlan
2 pc.
4 pc.
1 pc.
2 pc.
Elite units:
1 pc.
1 pc.
1 pc.
4 pc.
K.u.K. 1905M cannon
K.u.K. Polish Legion
K.u.K. machine-gunner
K.u.K. hussar
Russian M1902 cannon
Russian line infantry
Russian artillery observer
Russian line cavalry
Tsarist Russia’s armed forces were divided
into two major parts.The standing army
comprised regular units, Cossacks and
“aliens”, meaning non-Slavic subjects, while
the Imperial Militia was formed of men
exempt from regular military service.
Recruitment was restricted to Christian
imperial subjects of Russian ethnicity;
Muslims paid a special tax to compensate
for military service.
Elite units:
1 pc.
2 pc.
1 pc.
Russian M1877 siege cannon
Russian guard infantry
Russian machine-gunner
Unlike the dualist Monarchy, the armed
forces of the centralised tsarist empirewere
far more unified in terms of both ethnic
composition and organisation. However,
its technical standards were vastly
inferior to their Austro-Hungarian rivals.
Szurmay Group, fighting at Bártfa:
Army Corps VII., fighting at Bártfa:
Core units:
Core units:
K.u.K. 1875M löveg
K.u.K. line infantry
K.u.K. artillery observer
K.u.K. uhlan
3 pc.
3 pc.
1 pc.
2 pc.
Elite units:
12
IMPORTANT! Starting the game is easier if players initially opt for the pre-prepared
starting line-up. (See Example Booklet)
Units participating in the Basic Game
2 pc. 4 pc. 1 pc. 2 pc. The list can also be found on the
“Battleplan” annex.
The following illustration features the four divisions’ starting points in the game. Shades
of green indicate fields held by Russian Army Corps VII. and VIII., while shades of blue
indicate the starting positions of the Hadfy and Szurmay Groups.
1 pc.
2 pc.
1 pc.
K.u.K. 1905M cannon
K.u.K. machine-gunner
K.u.K. hussar
Russian M1902 cannon
Russian line infantry
Russian artillery observer
Russian line cavalry
Elite units:
1 pc.
1 pc.
2 pc.
Russian machine-gunner
Russian guard infantry
Russian Cossack
Although army corps’ placement of the board is fixed, players are free to decide on the placement
of their own units. The order to be followed when placing armies on the board is as follows:
1.The Hadfy Group, fighting at Limanowa, shall place its units on the board.
2.This being done, the two Russian army corps are to place their units on the
board simultaneously.
3. Finally, the Szurmay Group’s units shall be placed on the board.
If not done already, all players shall now fasten a mounting with a colour corresponding to
their army group to the base of their own figures. Initially, all units shall be placed on the board
without loss indicators, which signals that the given unit has not suffered any losses so far.
Hadfy Group’s units are to face in the
direction of Neu Sandez.
Units of the Army Corps VII. shall face
in the direction of Raszlavica, while units
of the Army Corps VIII. shall face in the
direction of Limanowa.
Szurmay Group’s units are to face in the
direction of Bártfa.
The game includes 45 loss indicators,
explained in detail under Heading 4.4.
13
The force of each unit is roughly equal to
1 regiment. Artillery units, symbolising
artillery battalions, are an exception to
this rule.
3.3. Types of units
3.3.1. Units’ combat values
Units featured in the game symbolise belligerents’ major combat units fighting in the real-life
battle of 1914. In the game, these are represented by various figures hereinafter referred to
as units. The combat values, properties and capabilities possessed by various units varies.
All units possess three concrete combat values; the higher these values are, the stronger
units’ combat value is on the battlefield. The following combat values feature in the game:
Units are divided into 3 main combat arm:
In order to facilitate identification, units
feature icons representing their combat
arms.
attack point
defence point
replacement
point
Shows a unit’s effectiveness in inflicting losses when fighting enemies
(from here on: AP)
Reflects a unit’s ability to avoid its enemies’ attack and reduce its losses
defence point
suffered. (from here on: DP)
replacement point Reflects the extent of losses a unit can suffer before being all unit. In all
cases, its default value is 4 points (from here on: RP)
attack point
infantry
These are vatiations of the mark seen
on their combat arms’ icons, within the
circle. In the case of the infantry and the
cavalry, empty symbols indicate units
of regular ability, while filled symbols
denote formations with special abilities.
Elite units’ icons are surrounded by a frame
Infantry
Cavalry
K.u.K. line infantry
Russian line infantry
K.u.K. Artillery observer
Russian Artillery observer
K.u.K. Polish Legion
Artillery
Russian Guard infantry
K.u.K Machine-gunner
Russian Machine-gunner
K.u.K. Uhlan
Russian line cavalry
K.u.K. Hussar
Russian Cossack
K.u.K. 1905m
Because all officer units have different
properties, these only feature the icon of
their combat arm:
Orlov
Hadfy
These units possess the largest number of defence points and are made especially
dangerous in battle by their special skills. They may move 1 field in each round.
As close combat units, they may only engage in fighting – be it in attack or in
defence – against enemy forces situated on immediately adjacent fields.
Thanks to their horses’ speed, cavalry units may move 2 fields in each round.
While possessing less defence points than the infantry, they have stronger
attacking potential. Similarly to the infantry, cavalry are also close combat
units and may only engage in fighting – be it in attack or in defence – against
enemy forces situated on immediately adjacent fields.
Artillery units are able to attack the enemy from afar or support infantry or
cavalry units in fighting. This makes them highly valuable targets, especially
as being unable to mount effective defence against the other two combat arms’
onslaughts, their appropriate protection must be provided for at all times. The
number of their movement points is equal to that of the infantry: they may
move 1 field in each round.
Units are divided into 3 qualitative categories:
(The higher category it belongs to, the stronger the unit is)
Russian m1877
Eck
cavalry
In general terms, the effects of unit types are constrained to clashes however, certain
battlecards and the description of certain units’ capabilities may feature reference to unit
types. In such cases, these are clearly laid out in the description of the battlecard or unit.
K.u.K. 1875M
Russian M1902
14
artillery
Szurmay
The following three additional properties differ for each unit type:
movement point
movement point
firing range
range of vision
Elite unit
Officers’ unit
Core and Elite units form part of the beginners’ game Officers’ units properties are explained
among supplementary rules in Chapter VI.
firing range
range of vision
Indicates the number of movements a given unit can make within a single round
by default. This does not include the possible modifying effect of the terrain!
Indicates the number of fields shots fired by a given unit may reach to.
This property is only featured in the case of artillery units.
Indicates the default number of fields a given units’ special capability may
be applied to.
The difference between various qualitative categories is 1AP and 1 DP.
Core units
infantry
artillery
Core unit
During the game, units’ combat values
may periodically change. This has no
theoretical limit and may increase to any
value as possible. However, the figure
cannot fall below 0 in the case of either unit!
cavalry
attack
defence
point(AP) point(DP)
6
6
7
2
2
1
Elite units
infantry
artillery
cavalry
attack
defence
point(AP) point(DP)
7
3
7
3
8
2
While mounted soldiers are capable of
attacking with monstrous might thanks
to their horses’ speed and physical power,
they are also a far larger target when in
the saddle. Even if they enter into battle
on foot, they gain advantage by being able
to swiftly change positions on horseback.
However, due to the lack of equipment
such as bayonets and spades, they are
more vulnerable than the infantry.
15
3.3.2. Units’ special abilities
3.3.3. Replacing and refilling units
All units hold 1, occasionally 2 special capabilities, organised into 4 sub-categories.
During the game, it is likely that players will lose a substantial portion of their army groups.
When a player loses a unit in the course of the game (i. e., the unit loses all 4 of its RP’s), the
unit shall be removed from the board and placed with the given side’s supplies. At the same
time, it will be possible to deploy “fresh” units, which may be placed on replacement fields at
the corners of the board.
Reserves are managed jointly by each two
army groups fighting on the same side. Their
fallen units are to be placed in the “common
reserve”. If a player acquires replacements,
he/she may choose a core unit from the own
side’s “common reserve”.
The following possibilities are available to replace losses and refill units:
Continuous
Preventive
Artillery
USING CARDS
Extra attack
With all capabilities, the scope of use – whether they can be applied in attack or in defence – is
clearly defined. Capabilities falling into the former category may be used only by units in attack
(i. e., by the attacking party), while the latter may be used exclusively in defence (i. e., by the
defending party).
Strategic battlecard. By using this card, the player may place 1 infantry or
cavalry core unit on an own replacement field.
“Transporting
reinforcement”
“Deployment of Artillery battlecard. By using this card, the player may place 1 artillery
reserve battery” core unit on an own replacement field.
Icons’ colours serve the swift identification of various abilities.
OCCUPYING A HIGHLIGHTED TACTICAL TARGET
Permanent abilities are
blue, which may be
used both in attack and
in defence.
In the case of Preventive abilities, whether
these can be used in situations of attack or
defence is predetermined. The former may
be applied as the attacking party, while the
latter exclusively as the defending party.
For example, Cossacks’ “Cavalry charge”
counts as a „Preventive Attack” ability, while
machine-gun units’ “Machine-gun section”
classifies as „Preventive Defence” ability.
16
An example for this is the infantry’s
“Bayonet combat” ability.
Defence abilities are
green, which may only
be used in defence.
Attack abilities are
red, which may only be
used in attack.
Continuous ability
This ability may be applied by the given unit throughout the entire
game. In all cases, the capability’s description reveals the exact
situations in which the given skill may be applied.
Preventive ability
Preventive abilities may be used after attacks have been marked but
prior to beginning effective clashes. For example, there is a chance of
the defender wiping out the attacking hostile unit prior to suffering
any damages with the help of the preventive ability. (see 4.4.4.)
Artillery ability
Extra attack ability
This skill may be used by the given unit exclusively in its own round
(see 4.2.), only if the unit’s player marks this unit in his/her own
round during the central phase (see 4.3.3.), meaning that the action
may be applied by the unit in this phase. Artillery abilities are
possessed only by artillery units!
Units possessing this ability are to gain an additional opportunity
to inflict further losses upon enemy units. This may be used only in
„Close Combat”, against the attacked enemy, beyond their basic attack.
(see 4.4.6. and 4.4.8)
If the Russian side occupies a highlighted tactical target, it may place 1 CORE UNIT on its
replacement fields.
Késmárk
Kisszeben
Raszlavica
Units on replacement fields may enter the game in the following ways:
While carrying out a move in the central phase, the unit enters
any hex it can reach from any replacement field on the gameboard.
Intermittent arrows indicate fields on the gameboard where the
replacement may arrive. The unit may enter any initial battlefield hex
from any replacement field.
In the central phase, the unit may enter the game by means of railway
transport.(see 4.3.2.)
If an army would receive extra unit reinforcement but all three replacement fields are occupied,
bringing the reinforcement into play shall be delayed until a replacement field becomes vacant.
As soon as this has happened, the replacement unit may immediately be placed on the vacant field.
Russian armies’ replacement fields are
marked in green and can be found at the
top right-hand-side corner of the board.
The Szurmay Group’s replacement fields
are located at the board’s bottom righthand-side corner, while the Hadfy Group’s
replacement fields are at the board’s top
left-hand-side corner both of the latter are
marked in blue.
If there is an opportunity to do so, players
may choose from CORE UNITS already
removed from the board.
17
KRAKÓW REINFORCEMENT
3x
Because the Austro-Hungarian military
leadership recognised the Russians’
intentions only belatedly, they quickly sent
out reinforcements from Kraków by rail.
Thanks to the well-established railway
network, the 77th and 78th Brigades of
the 39th Honvéd Infantry Division, under
the command of Imre Hadfy de Livnó,
had reached nearby Tymbark’s railway
station by 8th December. Because the
division’s recruitment area was in Upper
Hungary, a large number of ethnic Slovak
soldiers served in it, especially in the
16th Besztercebánya Honvéd Infantry
Regiment, who fought bravely in the trying
conditions of the Battle of Limanowa.
In the initial phase of the war, even the
Monarchy’s military intelligence service
assessed the Slovaks’ combat performance
positively, branding them the most reliable
of Hungary’s ethnicities on the battlefield.
After the board has been assembled, put the so-called “Kraków Reinforcement” item, featuring
11 fields, in place. At the beginning of the game, the token symbolising the reinforcement
shall be placed on the unnumbered field representing Kraków.
During the game, the player controlling the Hadfy Group shall throw dice at the beginning or
his/her round to determine the reinforcement’s movement.
The smaller card indicates when the player may use the given card within a turn; this may
be the player’s own round or a round of one of his/her opponents. In the round of his/her ally,
the player cannot use battlecards!
Attack
Battlecard
Defence
Battlecard
All players may use these
cards in their own round
exclusively.
All players may use these
cards in the enemy’s round
exclusively.
The larger seal indicates when the given battlecard may be used within the round. This may be
one of the following phases: “Opening”, “Central”, “Closing”.
If the value thrown is 1, 2, 3 or 4,
the infantry unit representing the reinforcement shall progress 1 field!
Once the indicator has surpassed the 9th field, the “Kraków reinforcement” arrives to
support the Hadfy Group defending Limanowa. At this point, 3 “K.u.K Line infantry”
units shall be placed on reinforcement fields behind Limanowa, which are subsequently to
form part of the Hadfy Group. If one or more replacement fields is occupied, the player
must wait until one of them becomes vacant for the units to be placed on the board.
Following this, it is not necessary to throw dice and the board item may be removed.
3.4. Battlecards
Strategic Battlecard
By using battlecards at the right time and in an appropriate manner, any of the players can cause
major annoyance for his/her enemies by obliterating their plans or leading hostile units into a trap.
IMPORTANT! Any action provided for or required by a Battlecard used
during the game is meant in addition to the 3 actions allowed in each round.
Therefore, certain Battlecards enable a single army corps to carry out as
many as 4-5 different actions within a single round.
Opening Phase
Central Phase
3.4.1. Battlecards’ properties
There are 2 types of cards in the game:
(these are to be played out one-at-a-time)
Artillery Battlecard
These cards may only be used one-at-a-time and only if a type of artillery
unit that meets requirements in the card’s description is held by the player.
Strategic Battlecard
These cards provide various advantages to the earmarked unit, or the
player may carry out special manoeuvres.
Two of each artillery and strategic cards are included in the deck.
Closing Phase
Within a single phase, the forthcoming
player shall first declare the intention of
bringing a battlecard into play. Once this
has happened or the player does not use
a battlecard, opponents may react with
Defence battlecards.
RESTRICTIONS PERTAINING TO BATTLECARDS
1. The use of a battlecard has no effect whatsoever on allied units!
2. NO MORE THAN 1 CARD MAY BE USED IN A SINGLE ROUND!
3. No card may be brought into play during the ally’s round!
3.4.2. Distributing battlecards and gaining
further battlecards
Shuffle the total of 40 strategic and artillery cards into a single pack.
After shuffling, cards shall be distributed among players as follows:
2-2 cards for both army groups
Artillery Battlecard
18
All cards feature 2 seals to indicate when they may be used:
3-3 cards for both army corps
Redundant battlecards shall be placed face downwards next to the board, this will be the “pull deck”.
Next to the “pull deck” come players discarded cards, hereinafter referred to as “discarded
cards deck”, face upwards.
All players are free to look into the pile of discarded cards at any time.
There are two ways of replacing discarded cards:
A.
The player may pull 1 battlecard after having wiped out a hostile unit.
B.
The player may pull 1 or more battlecards if he/she occupies a
tactical or strategical target that authorizes him/her to do so.
If a player somehow gains additional
cards, this shall be done by drawing the
given number of cards from the “pull
deck” next to the board. If the “pull
deck”’s cards run out, one of the players
shall create a new deck by shuffling cards
discarded so far.
19
IV. Playing the game
4.1. Fundamental terms and rules
The so-called “Campaign move order”
table, to be found on the rear cover of the
rulebook, forms part of the game. This
may assist the forthcoming player in
planning his/her round.
PL
A
CE
H
OL
D
ER
The game is comprised of turns, each divided into rounds. The definitions of these are the following:
Round: The player may engage in own actions.
Turn:
All players rounds (4 rounds in total).
WITHIN ROUNDS, MOVES SHALL BE
TAKEN IN THE FOLLOWING ORDER:
1.: Russian Army Corps VIII., attacking at Limanowa
first, throw dice for the weather (if any)
2.:
Hadfy Group, in defence at Limanowa
first, throw dice for the Kraków Reinforcement (if any)
3.: Russian Army Corps VII., in defence in the Carpathians
4.:
Szurmay Group, attacking in the Carpathians
5.:
Checking strategic targets
A turn begins with the player representing Army Corps VIII. begins his/her own round and
ends with the player controlling the Szurmay Group finishing his/her own round.
Players check victory criteria at the
end of each turn (after all players have
completed their respective rounds). If one
of these are met, the given army and its
ally wins the game. In some rare cases,
both parties may reach a criterion of
victory at once, by the end of a single turn.
In this event, the game ends with a draw.
Tactical targets featuring in the game shall be checked at the end of all armies’ rounds, and if these are
met, the appropriate number of battlecards/reinforcements shall be distributed to them immediately!
(Thus, units placed on the board at this point may not engage in operations in the given round.)
Stategic targets, however, shall be checked at the end of each round!
4.2. Phases within each round
Each round is comprised of 3 well-distinguishable phases following each other within a round.
This is necessary for various “actions” to take place in a logically sound order. In all phases,
clearly defined “actions” can be optionally carried out depending on the player’s decision.
20
Opening phase
Central phase
Closing phase
It may occur that a player, while engaged
in his/her round, declines to take action
in both the preparatory central phase and
will only do so in the closing phase, if at all.
21
4.2.1. Opening phase
4.2.3. The closing phase
In the Opening phase, only the Battlecards with “Opening phase” seal could be use.
In the Closing phase, only the Battlecards with “Closing phase” seal could be use.
1.
With the use of a Battlecard, its effect
takes place and the player shall act
according to the Battlecard’s description.
2.
The attacker may use 1 battlecard.
6.
The defender may use 1 battlecard.
7.
IMPORTANT! The effect of any card used in the “Opening phase”
may be blocked with the “Blocking preparations” Battlecard!
Operations of the highest significance with respect to the game, such as the movement of
troops, railway transportation, artillery operations as well as infantry and cavalry attacks,
take place in this phase.
IMPORTANT! 1 turn 1 action. If a unit moves, it may not
attack or engage in action, and vice versa.
Moves in the central phase are to be made in the following fixed order:
3.
The attacker explains his plans.
(cannot be changed in later phases!)
This type of card may modify a previously
selected action of the forthcoming player
or influence clashes’ outcome. Therefore,
players shall check the effect of the card
prior to effectively carrying out actions
and attack, and act accordingly.
22
He/she may select 3 actions:
(these may be identical!)
4.
5.
Taking the card incidentally used
by the defender into account, the
attacker shall carry out the disclosed
action in the following order:
The defender may use 1 Battlecard.
(having not done so earlier in the round)
With the use of a Battlecard, its effect takes place and the player shall act according to
the Battlecard’s description.
It should be noted that while a player
has several opportunities to use various
battlecards within a single round, one
player may only use one battlecard in
each round. This rule also applies to the
opponents of the player engaged in his/
her round.
4.3. “Actions’” description in detail
4.2.2. Central phase
The player may also choose not to engage
in any action during the round and thus
select neither of the listed possibilities.
The attacker may use 1 Battlecard.
(having not done so earlier in the round)
During the round, players may mark their selected actions, attacks and the units taking part in
them with these flags to facilitate planning. Therefore, the player in defence can also easily see the
situation in perspective while plans are disclosed in observance of the rules.
As players may select several different actions within a single round and additionally may
also launch attacks, flags can be of great assistance in preventing any pre-planned actions
from being forgotten. (Because all actions are to be selected beforehand, they may only be
carried out afterwards).
Move action
Railway action
Artillery action
He/she may select 1 Battlecard operation:
(having not done so earlier in the round)
Card use
Card change
He/she may select a Close Combat clash:
(unlimited)
Infantry
Cavalry
The defender may use 1 Battlecard.
(having not done so earlier in the round)
A.
Carry out the named Battlecard action
B.
Perform the selected Move action(s)
C.
Perform the selected Railway action(s)
D.
Perform the selected Artillery action(s)
E.
Implement the selected Close Combat clash
Flags of various colours assist the player in matching units featuring in a single action. For
example, it is possible to mark the attacking infantry, the target of the attack and the artillery
unit also in attack against it with flags of the same colour.
Flags can be used to mark units selected
for actions, artillery in attack, possible
targets, or units in movement and hexes
the moving units seek to reach.
After selections, actions shall be played
out successively, after which the flags can
be put back next to the board with the rest.
23
Roads are indicated with a continous
black line on the board.
4.3.1. Move action
4.3.2. Railway action
The movement of a unit on the board without using the railway is called “Move action” in
the game. In each round, units may move 1 field, which may increase if one of the following
conditions is met:
Railway lines of military importance and capable of transporting troops are marked on the
map with intermittent black-white lines. All settlements on railway lines have stations,
located on hexes marked with nameplates.
Roads
Travelling along roads, any unit may move 2x more than on terrain.
Moving along roads, units may progress 2 field after each movement
point used. This applies if the unit moves across fields connected by road
without interruption, inclusive of the fields of departure and arrival.
Importantly, leaving the road costs the use +1 movement point,
meaning that a unit cannot move one field along the road (equalling
half a movement point) and then leave the road, arguing that the player
still has half a point left.
Cavalry units may move 2x as much as
infantry units.
24
By using the railway, players may move 1 unit max. 10 fields from the station (settlement)
of departure in exchange for 1 railway unit. Between stations (settlements), units cannot get
off the train!
During the game, both belligerent sides may avail themselves to railway transport no more
than 4 times, as indicated by the 4 railway tokens they each receive.
When transporting regiments, it is only
possible for units to entrain and disembark
at well-equipped railway stations. In the
absence of the necessary infrastructure,
this cannot take place just by stopping on
the open track.
To transport an own unit by railway to the destination of choice, several criteria must be met:
“Horseback riding”
ability
Mounted units may move 2x more than infantrymen. Progressing along
roads, of course, the movement point doubles further!
A.
A railway token shall be decommissioned.
(This is thereafter emitted from the game.)
Battlecards
With the help of certain cards, units’ movement points can be doubled.
The effect of roads and “Horseback riding” also applies in this case.
B.
If a unit progresses more than one field, during movement it may pass through fields occupied
by another own or allied unit however, this is not possible if the hex is held by a hostile unit.
In any case, however, it must end its move on a vacant field!
The field of the settlement selected as the place of departure bearing its
nameplate, as well as all neighbouring fields, may only be occupied by own
or allied units.
C.
Fields along the railway line, as well as fields bordering the route, may
only be occupied by own or allied units.
D.
Neither field along the railway line or bordering the route may be occupied
by an enemy unit.
E.
The unit selected for transportation must initially occupy the station’s field
or a neighbouring hex and cannot have an enemy unit next to it. Such fields
may optionally be occupied by own and allied fields.
In certain cases, the player may make moves with several different units at the same time.
This is possible if the player selects two Move actions in the central phase, or during the use
of officer units’ skills (e. g., Eck, Orlov), as well as with the use of certain Battlecards.
Once these conditions have been met, the unit selected for transportation may be placed to the field
of the settlement selected as the place of arrival bearing its nameplate or a field neighbouring it, but
only if this does not mean arriving next to a hostile unit.
IMPORTANT! In this case, one of the units moving at the same time may occupy
the original place of another moving unit, or the two may even swap places.
During railway transport, the unit selected for transportation must be moved to a different
settlement, meaning that it cannot merely arrive on one of the hexes bordering the field of
departure. In the event of railway transport, neither various units’ skills impacting movement
(such as „Horseback riding” ability) or the effects of Battlecards (e. g., „Forced march”,
„Rapid advance”) are to be applied, meaning that in all cases, no more than one unit may be
transported by rail in exchange for a token.
If more than one unit is in movement at the same time, there is a danger of the enemy
potentially blocking the move of one of these (e. g., with the help of a Battlecard) and thus
also prevent the movement of the other unit!
Kisszeben
Units entering the game as reinforcements may also use railway lines and can do so from
all reinforcement fields. Evidently, the conditions listed above must be met in this cases too.
Reinforcements of Austro-Hungarian
units at Limanowa may use the railway
to reach the settlements of Limanowa,
Neu Sandez and Alt Sandez.
Reinforcements of Austro-Hungarian
units at Bártfa may transport to the
settlements of Bártfa, Kisszeben or
Héthárs.
Russian reinforcement units may use the
railway to transport to the settlements of
Biecz, Gorlice or Grybów.
25
4.3.3. Artillery action
The defender may also launch an
artillery action, however, this requires
either an artillery token or the use of an
appropriate artillery card. See Chapter
VI. for further details.
Artillery
Attack
The artillery unit launches an artillery attack against a
hostile target, resulting in losses of max. 1 DP! Launching
a counter-attack is not allowed against this type of attack!
Artillery
Support
This action may only assist infantry and cavalry units’ attacks. The
artillery unit bombards the earmarked target with cannonfire; as
a result, the attacked unit shall fight with -2 APs and -2 DPs
during the clash. The action does not result in the loss of RPs and
is valid for a single clash only!
ER
The Artillery may carry out 2 action types in the central phase, in the following order:
IMPORTANT! The effects of 2 Artillery Supports shall in no case be added up!
Of course, in both cases, the targeted unit always should be in the artillery’s Firing range.!
D
“Forested area”’s effects on artillery actions
OL
The artillery unit is to attack with -3 APs. If the target is
within the “Artillery observer”’s vision, this falls to -2 APs.
Provided that the player has not used a Battlecard in the Opening phase, he/she may choose
one of the following 2 options in the Central phase:
26
discard
1 Battlecard
The player places the card selected from his/her hand among the
discarded Battlecards and subsequently replaces it by drawing a new
Battlecard. Evidently, the drawn Battlecard will have no effect on the
player’s other operations during the Central phase, since these having
been named beforehand!
use
1 Battlecard
The effect of a Battlecard used in the central phase may impact events
unfolding in the phase, sometimes modifying units’ movement but most
often having influence only upon a given Close combat clash. This rule
does not apply if the Battlecard’s description implies that its effect is
valid until the round ends.
If the player uses or changes a Battlecard in the central phase, he/she may not use a further
Battlecard later on, during the Closing phase!
A
CE
4.3.4. Battlecard operation
PL
If the player launches both an “Artillery attack” and a close combat clash assisted with “Artillery
support” against a hostile tatget, the “Artillery attack” must always be the first to take place,
followed by close combat clashes! (See Heading 4.4. for the order.) In the central phase, it is
not possible to launch an “Artillery attack” after a close combat attack (in the absence of a card
enabling this).
H
May be carried out only is the target is within the “Artillery
observer”’s vision and the artillery’s firing range.
27
4.3.5. Basic attacks
Artillery units may exclusively carry out
artillery actions and thus are unable to
launch Close combat attacks.
The player may launch a basic attack with all his/her infantry or cavalry units that are
positioned next to an enemy unit at the beginning of the central phase and have not engaged
in another action during the central phase.
Conversely, if the player controls more than one own unit next to a hostile unit, all of these
may be selected to attack the same enemy unit. Outnumbered, the enemy will supposedly
suffer greater losses as a result.
Selecting all own units for attack is not
obligatory and may be avoided if one of
the units is too valuable or damaged.
Units not having arrived there in the central phase by means of move or railway transport.
An exception to this is if the given unit has the ability to launch an immediate attack due to
one of its special skills.
If there are several fields on the battleground where enemy
and own units are situated next to each other, the player may
select an unlimited number of these for launching an attack.
When this takes place, attacked infantry or cavalry units may defend themselves or launch
a counter-attack, meaning that attacking units are also likely to suffer casualties as a result.
Artillery in Close Combat clashes
IMPORTANT: Similarly to all other actions, all Close combat attacks at all
locations shall be selected at the beginning of the Central phase following
this, actions and clashes are to be played out successively. Close combat
attacks cannot be modified after the selection has ended!
Attacking artillery units forms an exception among close combat clashes, while it may apply its
defence points in order to minimise losses, it is not allowed to launch a counter-attack itself!
All infantry and cavalry units attacking the artillery receive +3 AP for their attack.
Allied units also situated next to the attacked hostile unit may also take part in these attacks.
In this case, however, the player in turn shall roll dice to determine the incidental attack in
the name of the allied units.
This means that in all cases, attack shall
be led by the player in turn. If they are
able to, several own or allied units may
join the attack.
A single unit may only launch a Close
combat attack against a single enemy,
even if multiple enemy units are
positioned on neighbouring fields.
28
If only allied units are in attacking
position, these are not allowed to launch
an attack. At least one own unit has to
participate in the attack!
If a unit is neghboured by more than one hostile unit and the player in turn launches an attack,
he/she must clearly mark the enemy unit against which the attacking unit will fight.
Artillery units did not have any own close
combat formations and controlled only
limited numbers of protective troops. Due
to the type of canister ammunition used
in the period, long reload times and short
firing ranges, it proved almost ineffectual
against the infantry’s lines of battle or
the cavalry’s swift assault manoeuvres.
Consequently, the artillery on its own
was almost entirely defenceless, as
reflected by the +3 AP appropriated to
units attacking it.
The attacked artillery is defended by own and allied infantry and cavalry units positioned
on neighbouring units. If at least one such unit occupies one of the neighbouring fields, this
provides the attacked artillery with a total of +2 DP in Close combat clashes. (This form
of protection, shall not be applied against hostile Artillery attacks.) Additional units do not
provide the artillery with extra protection, meaning that regardless of the number of further
units, no more than 2 DP shall be added to the attacked artillery’s value.
Only an appropriately used Battlecard or
– if the “Artillery token” advanced rule is
applied, see heading 6.4 – the use of an
Artillery token may provide the artillery
direct protection.
29
4.4. Close combat clashes
Regardless of their outcome, the conditions
of Close combat clashes earmarked at the
beginning of the phase cannot be modified!
If the player in turn has earmarked one or more cavalry or infantry attacks or uses the
“Artillery attack” ability of an own artillery unit, and the enemy is unable to prevent this (for
example, with a Defence Battlecard), Close combat clashes have to be played out.
If multiple Close combat clashes have been earmarked, these shall take place at the same time,
although their actual playout and the evaluation of losses are to be carried out successively.
IMPORTANT: Only Close combat clashes earmarked in the Central phase
may be played out!
Each Close combat clash may be comprised of a maximum of 9 sections, depending on whether
the clash features a unit possessing a Continuous, Preventive or Extra attack ability and
whether an artillery unit takes part in the Close combat clash
Close combat clashes’ sections:
1. section:
b. Evaluating Battlecards
c. Evaluating Continuous abilities
2. section:
Evaluating artillery units’ Artillery attacks
3. section:
Evaluating artillery units’ Artillery support
4. section:
Using Preventive abilities
5. section:
Evaluating Basic attacks on behalf of attacking units
6. section:
Evaluating attacking units’ Extra attacks
7. section:
Counter-attacks on behalf of the defenders
8. section:
Evaluating defending units’ Extra attacks
A találatok elkönyvelése
Prior to exploring the various section, it is important to define the term “Target number”,
instrumental to the evaluation of any losses possibly suffered.
30
No more than 1 Artillery support can be
applied against the attacked unit!
Instead of being added together, the
impacts of possible multiple Artillery
attacks against an attacked unit shall be
evaluated separately!
Losses generated during Close combat clashes are represented by loss indicators of various colours.
-1 FP = yellow indicator
To calculate the “Target number”, players shall deduct the defending unit’s DP’s from the
total number of AP’s belonging to unit(s) participating in the attack. In simple terms:
“Target number”= total of attacker(s) AP’s – defender unit’s DP’s.
IMPORTANT! Both AP’s and DP’s may be influenced by the various abilities
of own or other units, as well as the properties of Battlecards and the terrain.
-2 FP = orange indicator
When playing out clashes of greater complexity, players may refer to the
annex “Close combat clashes”.
On the left side of the annex, players can
follow the sequence of various sections
within a clash.
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
On the right side, players can follow changes
in the combat value of units taking part in
the battle.(see picture below)
CALCULATING ATTACKERS’ AND DEFENDERS’ VALUES
designation :
0.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
10
11
0
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
0
12
12
0
13
13
0
14
14
0
15
15
0
16
16
0
17
17
0
18
18
0
19
19
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
10
11
2
0
1
2
3
3
3
3
4 3
5
6
7
8
9
3
3
3
3
3
3
10
11
3
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
10
11
4
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
10
11
5
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
6
10
11
6
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
7
10
11
7
The game includes 45 loss indicators:
-3 FP = red indicator
If -4 FPs are reached, the given unit shall be removed from the board and its loss indicator
placed next to the board, among other indicators.
a. Evaluating terrain properties
9. section:
Marking losses:
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
8
10
11
8
9.
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
9
9
9
15 pc
15 pc
15 pc
Units participating in the game can be
marked with flags of various colours.
Initially, the flag shall be placed on
the field corresponding to the given
unit’s combat value, later, it is possible
to determine the unit’s actual combat
values by moving the flag in the direction
appropriate to the change in combat
value effecting the unit. Because these
modifications can be followed constantly
with the help of the table and flags,
memorising them for the whole period of
the game is unnecessary.
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
9
10
11
9
1
2
12
3
12
4
12
5
12
6
12
7
12
8
12
9
12
1
2
13
3
13
4
13
5
13
6
13
7
13
8
13
9
13
1
2
14
3
14
4
14
5
14
6
14
7
14
8
14
9
14
1
2
15
3
15
4
15
5
15
6
15
7
15
8
15
9
15
1
2
16
3
16
4
16
5
16
6
16
7
16
8
16
9
16
1
2
17
3
17
4
17
5
17
6
17
7
17
8
17
9
17
1
2
18
3
18
4
18
5
18
6
18
7
18
8
18
9
18
1
2
19
3
19
4
19
5
19
6
19
7
19
8
19
9
19
If necessary, flags may be used to mark the actions of units participating in the battle on the
gameboard. Flags can be used to mark artillery action, close combat clashes or move actions alike.
1 Battlecard can be pulled from the draw
deck after each destroyed unit.
31
4.4.1a. Evaluating terrain properties
4.4.1b. Evaluating Battlecards
Here, the impact of the field type on the attack or defence points of unit(s) involved shall be
examined with respect to all units involved in the battle. For certain fields’ modifying effects,
see Heading 3.1. of the Rulebook.
The attacked unit holds its own field’s
key points under occupation, meaning
that the field’s effects shall be applied to it
exclusively.
If the attacker or defender has brought a Battlecard into play which modifies the combat values
of a unit taking part in the Close combat clash, it shall be accounted for in this phase. Combat
values of the corresponding unit(s) shall be modified with the positive or negative contributions.
In order to calculate terrain effects, it is important to
clarify certain rules of logic used to model real-life events!
Line inf.
In practice, units initiating Close combat clashes depart from their field and occupy the
enemy’s field for the period of attack. For this reason, their own unit’s modifying effect shall
not be applied to them and may later occupy the position of the eliminated unit.
„Spearhead” Battlecard
Line inf.
6
2
6
2
2
2
+
+
with modifiers
8
no modifiers!
4
6
2
4.4.1c. Evaluating Continuous abilities
This having been clarified, it is easier to understand the reason terrain properties are to be
applied to artillery units engaged in an Artillery action. Because cannons do not move from
their positions when firing, their own field’s modifiers are to be applied nevertheless.
M1902
6
Line inf.
2
6
2
„mountain”
1
+
7
3
6
6
2
Line inf.
2
„mountain”
1
+
32
7
6
1
3
2
„forest”
3
+
with modifiers
Artillery Observer
2
1
+
no modifiers!
If the defender is able to launch an Artillery attack against the attackers (with the help of
a certain Battlecard or Artillery token in the advanced game), terrain properties assist the
attacker. Because this took place when the Close combat clash was launched, and targeted
attackers’ positions, the effects of attackers’ own fields shall be taken into account when
calculating Artillery attacks.
„Artillery attack”
M1902
“indirect targeting”
In the base game, play special attention
to the “Artillery observer”, whose ability
provides the artillery with +1 AP or
enables the use of “Artillery support” in
close combat clashes against enemy units
on forested areas.
„mountain”
1
+
with modifiers
Here, we shall examine whether a Continuous ability of any unit taking part in the Close
combat clash has influence on the AP’s or DP’s of any given unit(s).
+
no modifiers!
6
5
with modifiers
3
“indirect targeting”
Furthermore, it should be examined whether any ability of units stationed nearby but not
directly involved in the given Close combat clash influences the combat value of any fighting
unit in most cases, these retain their effect during the entire length of the Close combat clash!
In Close combat clashes, the effects of such units’ abilities shall not be taken into account in
the following two cases:
A. If this unit carries out a Move action or a Railway action in the Central phase!
B. If it is eliminated in an early phase of the Close combat clash (e. g., due to
an Artillery attack or a Preventive ability), it shall be unable to apply its
ability in the remainder of the Close combat clash.
33
4.4.2. Evaluating Artillery attacks
4.4.3. Evaluating Artillery support
This section sees the involvement of Artillery attacks. If this ability is used by several units,
their effects shall be evaluated at the same time.
Artillery
attack
This ability enables the artillery to inflict losses upon the target. Because
artillery operations take place prior to the evaluation of basic attacks in
all cases, the target unit shall lose its last FP in the event of a successful
attack. Having been wiped out, it is unable to cause damage to its enemy
later on and its attack value cannot be taken into account in the Close
combat clash.
The following example shows a core unit’s “Artillery attack” action unfolding in detail.
2
7
1
7
no modifiers!
3
7
3
6
2
„Artillery support”
2
–
1
2
–
with modifiers
4
0
If the defender is positioned on “Forested area”, the effect of this shall be applied! (See Heading 4.4.3.)
The artillery attack results in 1 RP in losses if the dice roll falls between 1 and 4
(target number: 7-3=4).
Consequently, attackers eliminated the
hostile unit without suffering any
casualties and even gained territory.
Line inf.
1
7
with modifiers
7
Line cav.
no modifiers!
1
+
If, for any reason, the attacked unit
suffers 2 basic attacks, these effects shall
only be applied to one of them.
For more information on “Artillery support”,
see 4.3.3.
IMPORTANT! For the success of Artillery support, an attack roll is unnecessary
– it shall count as successful in all cases!
3
„mountain”
+
Due to the Artillery support’s impact, the attacked unit shall fight with -2 AP’s
and -2 DP’s during the Close combat clash. These modifiers retain their effect
until the end of the Close combat clash (and not the round!) with respect to the
given unit, including Extra attacks.
MG.
1875M
6
Artillery
support
4.4.4. Evaluating Preventive abilities
Preventive abilities’ effects are to be applied prior to close combat clashes,
thus affording advantage to the unit with preventive ability.
If the unit loses all of its RPs as a result of the “Artillery attack”, it is destroyed, any “Close
Combat clashes” possibly planned against it shall not be played out. If there were such plans,
units earmarked for this plans still cannot engage in another action during the round!
IMPORTANT! First, the attacker shall disclose his/her intention of using
Preventive ability. Afterwards, the defender may decide after considering this.
Determining the Artillery attack’s success:
Calculate the „Target number”, taking modifiers into account, then roll dice.
When calculating the target number, the
type of position held by, for example, the
artillery and the attacked unit shall be
taken into account. (artillery on mountain
shall launch its attack with +1 AP, while
units in defence in a forest possess +3 DP’s
against Artillery attacks, etc.)
The Artillery attack is successful if:
The Artillery attack is unsuccessful if:
A.
The dice roll value exceeds the target number.
(the Artillery attack shall have no effect).
B.
The dice roll value is less than or
identical to the target number value
(attack value – defence value).
If the target value is at least 6,
the attack shall be automatically
deemed successful. (being impossible
to roll a value greater than 6)
IMPORTANT! Successful artillery attacks bring about a loss of 1 RP,
regardless of the exact attack value.
34
If the unit loses all of its RPs as a result of the “Artillery attack”, it is destroyed, any “close
combat clashes” possibly planned against it shall not be played out. If there were such plans,
units earmarked for this plans still cannot engage in another action during the round!
The modifying effects of various continuous abilities, possible Artillery supports and certain
Preventive abilities, as well as used Battlecards’ modifying effects on combat value, shall
already be applied in this section.
Similarly, combat value modifiers of fields occupied by defending units shall also be taken into account.
MG.
Hussar
8
2
7
3
“Cavalry charge”
2
+
2
–
with modifiers
10
0
no modifiers!
7
3
After players have selected the Preventive ability’s target(s), attackers shall roll dice against
all possible targets (if there is a Preventive ability for which this is necessary).
If a unit loses all of its RP’s due to a Preventive attack, it is eliminated and consequently
cannot continue the attack or inflict losses upon the enemy during the Close combat clash.
This unit shall be removed from the board
immediately, and any basic attacks
planned against it are to be cancelled.
Therefore, the unit will not be able to
inflict losses upon participants of the
attack planned against it.
35
It is possible that there will be a hostile unit
against which the preventive attack will prove
successful likewise, there may be an enemy unit
against which the attack will be unsuccessful.
4.4.6. Attackers’ Extra attacks
Determining the Preventive attack’s success:
Calculate the „Target number”, taking modifiers into account, then roll dice.
The Preventive attack is successful if:
The Preventive attack is unsuccessful if:
After Basic attacks, players shall determine whether any unit participating in
the Close combat clash possesses an Extra attack.
A.
The dice roll value exceeds the target number.
(the Preventive attack shall have no effect).
If the unit has an extra attack, the attack target number shall be recalculated again, but this
time only for the unit that possesses this ability.
B.
The dice roll value is less than or
identical to the target number value
(attack value – defence value).
If the target value is at least 6,
the attack shall be automatically
deemed successful. (being impossible
to roll a value greater than 6).
IMPORTANT! If all attacking units have an Extra attack, the operations above shall be
performed separately for all units because Extra attacks do not add up!
If the Preventive attack can be carried out against multiple targets, the „Target number” must be
calculated separately for all targets, and the attacker shall roll dice separately in all of these cases,
clearly identifying the target
1. Line inf.
„Bayonet combat”
2
6
in total
6
6
During a given clash, the aggregate attack value is produced by the sum of attack values
pertaining to all cavalry and infantry units taking part in the given attack.
no modifier!
6
2
Attack Target number = aggregate attack values of the attacker’s – defence value of the defender
Here, all units shall only use their own attack force, even if the attack was otherwise launched
by several units outnumbering the enemy. Due to this, an extra attack shall be launched by
two infantry units with 6 APs, and the attacker shall roll dice two times!
IMPORTANT! Extra attacks’ values can in no way be included in this calculation!
IMPORTANT: You cannot launch a Counter-attack against an Extra attack!
Calculating an attack
Determining the Basic attack’s success:
Determining the Extra attack’s success:
Calculate the „Target number”, taking modifiers into account, then roll dice.
The attack’s success is certain if the target number exceeds 6. In this case, the target
number shall be reduced by 6, while the unit in defence suffers +1 RP in losses.
6
2
Line inf.
6
2
Attack Target number = attack values of the attacker – defence value of the defender
The Extra attack is successful if:
The Extra attack is unsuccessful if:
A.
The dice roll value exceeds the target number.
(the Extra attack shall have no effect).
2. Line inf.
2
6
in total!
12
36
6
6
This section sees “Basic attacks” carried out by attacking units. Here, the attack and defence
values of attacking unit(s) shall be calculated separately in all Close combat clashes.
During the basic attack, attackers may
possibly inflict major losses even without
rolling dice.
Line inf.
2. Line inf.
„Bayonet combat”
4.4.5. Attackers’ Basic attacks
1. Line inf.
The “Extra Attack” provides an extra
opportunity above the “Basic Attack” to inflict
losses upon the enemy. In the present case,
an example for this is the “Bayonet Combat”
ability, a distinctive close combat method of
the War’s initial phase. Naturally, this ability
can be used only by units carrying a bayonet;
consequently, it is sensible for cavalry
forces only to attack infantry formations if
commanding a certain numerical avantage.
B.
in total!
6
2
If the target number still reaches or exceeds 6, the previous operation shall be
performed again until the target number is lower than 6.
Once the target number has fallen below 6 but exceeds 0, the player shall roll dice in the manner
described above. Consequently, it is possible for the target to suffer further +1 RP in losses.
The dice roll value is less than or
identical to the target number value
(attack value – defence value).
If the target value is at least 6,
the attack shall be automatically
deemed successful. (being impossible
to roll a value greater than 6).
In the event of a successful attack, the target suffers the effects featuring in the extra attack’s description.
IMPORTANT: If the Extra aAttack’s effect results in inflicting losses, this
may not exceed 1 RP irrespective of the attack value.
37
A similar method shall be followed when
determining the defence „Target number” in this
case, however, the defending side’s attack value
shall be compared with the attacking side’s
defence value. Here, of course, terrain modifiers
assist the unit engaged in Counter-attack
(protecting its own position) for example,
infantry in defence on Mountain shall launch
its Counter-attack against the unit attacking
it with +1 AP.
4.4.7. Defenders’ Counter-attack
4.4.9. Registering losses
Provided that the attacked unit is capable of a counter-attack (infantry or cavalry unit), it shall do so,
and may also use a special close combat ability if it has one.
After clashes have come to an end at all locations and losses have been recorded, players shall
review whether the attacking infantry or cavalry had eliminated an attacked target at any
given location.
IMPORTANT! If the RPs of a unit in defence run out during attackers’
attacks, it may nevertheless carry out its basic and extra counter-attacks.
Provided that there was such a location in the game, the player leading the attack may decide
to occupy the eliminated enemy’s field with a surviving infantry or cavalry unit that directly
participated in the attack.
Line inf.
6
Line inf.
6
2
no modifiers!
6
2
The eliminated unit’s field can be occupied
because, in reality, the attacking formation
fought on area held by the defenders, which it
could occupy following their defeat.
However, doing so does not make sense in
all cases, as it may deteriorate the attacker’s
position.
The player controls the
Szurmay Group
no modifiers!
2
6
2
Calculating attackers’ losses
If a unit in defence is attacked by 2 or more units, the defending side shall choose one of the attacking
units against which it is to launch a Counter-attack, because it can only do so against 1 enemy.
Calculating the defence
IMPORTANT! Allied units incidentally participating in the attack can under no
circumstances be moved onto the eliminated enemy’s hex!
Defence target value = defending unit’s attack value – attacking unit’s defence value
Following this, attackers’ losses shall be calculated in the same way as in the case of defenders.
V. Checking criteria of victory
4.4.8. Defenders’ Extra attacks
The player or side shall receive a reward for capturing each target field featuring in the game
however, these rewards are to be applied at different phases of the game.
If the defender unit possesses any kind of Extra attack, it may be used in this section.
You cannot launch
a Counter-attack
against an
Extra attack!
Line inf.
„Bayonet combat”
6
Checking tactical targets
In all rounds, players shall examine at the end of the closing phase
whether a tactical target has been met. If so, the player meeting
the target shall immediately receive the corresponding reward.
Supposedly, this will be the player whose round has just ended.
Because all events of a given turn – i. e., all four players’ rounds – take place at the same
time, it is always sufficient to check the game’s victory criteria only at the end of the turn.
Checking strategic targets
The defender’s Extra attack is to be calculated wholly according
to the description under Heading 4.4.8., with roles reversed.
38
The defender unit may also use its Extra
attacks if attackers have otherwise eliminated
it with their Basic or Extra attacks during the
Close combat clash.
A new target may be selected for the Extra attack, but only among units having taken part in the Close
combat clash.
Consequently, if the unit in defence eliminates a unit attacking it during its Basic attack, it may be able to use
its Extra attack to inflict losses upon another unit having attacked it.
If the player finishing off the round was the leader of the Szurmay Group,
the whole round shall come to an end. In this case, players shall examine
whether one of the criteria necessary for winning the game has been met.
If so, the given side has won the clash and, with it, the entire game.
If no final winner has been produced by the end of the round, the game continues the
upcoming player shall begin his/her own round with the Opening Phase, and another full
round has to be played out.
In some rare cases, it is possible that both
belligerent parties meet a strategic target by
the end of the turn. If this happens, the game
ends with a draw.
39
The “Advanced Game” brings expansions
into play that enhance the complexity of
battle and therefore generally result in
lengthier game time.
VI. The Advanced Game
6.2. Increased number of Battlecards
So far, rules for the Basic Game have been explained. Should players seek even more diverse
gameplay, they may opt to apply one or more of the following additional rule. While these
can be easily combined with each other, bear in mind that extras may lengthen game time.
If players seek to bring increased diversity into play, they may distribute a larger number of
battlecards among themselves at the beginning of the game, according to the following rules:
6.1. Officer Units
Officer unit
Attack
Defence
point(AP) point(DP)
5 cards for all Combat groups
6 cards for all Army groups
Increasing the number of battlecards results in far more unexpected twists during gameplay,
thus pulling through enemies’ carefully constructed strategies.
infantry
cavalry
8
4
9
3
6.3. Weather
Using the “Weather” extension makes the game more realistic and influences units’ combat
value, or potentially slows down their movement.
Because the battle was fought in the winter, the following 3 types of weather are possible:
All Army groups shall receive 1 commanders each, resulting in the game featuring a total
of 4 officer units. These symbolise a greater unit of troops under the command of the given
officer therefore, while bearing an officer’s name, these too are infantry or cavalry units of
major strength.
In all cases, Officer Units possess two special abilities, the description of which is featured on
the unit’s data sheet. Their further use during the game is as described so far.
5-6
Fair
No modifying effect!
Distributing Officer Units
Hadfy Group, fighting at Limanowa:
Imre Hadfy
Lieutenant-General
Szurmay Group, fighting at Bártfa:
Sándor Szurmay
Lieutenant-General
40
Army Corps VIII., fighting at Limanowa:
Edward Eck
4
1-3
Rain
Snow
Artillery observers’
range of vision reduced to
1 field, even if positioned
on a Mountain.
Artillery observers’
range of vision reduced to
1 field, even if positioned
on a Mountain.
Roads have no effect on
„Move action”
Attacking infantry and
cavalry shall fight with -1 AP.
General of the Infantry
Army Corps VII., fighting at Bártfa:
Nikolai Orlov
General of the Infantry
IMPORTANT! The Example Booklet contains an officer sample deployment sketch
to assist players during their first games (see last page).
At the beginning of the game and all turns, the player representing the Russian Army Corps
VIII., fighting at Limanowa, shall roll dice to determine the weather. Newly-determined
weather conditions shall be taken into account when the army begins its own round.
After this, weather conditions can change at the beginning of the next turn!
In heavy snowfall, it is more difficult for
attackers to reach defender units’ positions,
and the range of vision also decreases.
In rainy weather, soaked roads become
impassable and visibility also suffers.
41
The Artillery token may be used in
any phase of the game (because of the
Battlecards, clashes may possibly take
place outside the central phase).
Therefore, the Hadfy Group and the
Szurmay Group possess 5 and 7 Artillery
tokens respectively at the beginning of the
game, while Russian Army Corps VII. and
VIII. both start with 7 Artillery tokens.
6.4. Artillery tokens
During an attack, the heavy artillery (the Russian M1877 siege gun) may also use an artillery token
to improve its chance of hitting the target when engaged in a “Long-range strike” action.
With the help of Artillery tokens, players can enhance the role played by their various
artillery units in combat. Their use may result in greater damage inflicted upon enemy troops
and increased defence abilities for their own artillery.
In this case, it receives +2 AP’s in exchange for 1 token.
Therefore, it will have a strong chance of hitting hostile units located as far as 3 fields away.
IMPORTANT! Regardless of whether the player is the attacker or the defender,
only 1 Artillery token may be used in a single round! Accordingly, the player may
use an Artillery token in an own round, another in an allied round, and one each
in both opponents’ rounds.
This usage of an Artillery token is possible also if the heavy artillery is using this ability due to the
effect of a Battlecard.
6.4.1. Distributing Artillery tokens
If a unit belonging to an army corps is hit by a cavalry or an infantry attack, the defender
may protect its attacked unit by drawing an artillery unit into play in exchange for an artillery
token, if the attackers fall within its firing range. Because only 1 token may be used in each
round, its use shall be considered thoroughly in the case of multiple clashes!
After battlecards have been handed out, players shall distribute artillery tokens among army
corps. All players control their respective tokens separately and these cannot be combined
with other players’ tokens.
All players shall receive the following number of Artillery tokens:
artillery
2 tokens each
UPON
DISTRIBUTION
artillery
observer
1 token each
6.4.3. Using artillery tokens in defence
IMPORTANT! Artillery may be drawn into the clash also if it had been
earmarked as a target, and it may also use “Artillery support”.
The defender may earmark one of its artillery units, which then may launch an attack against
a hostile infantry or cavalry unit within its firing range. This artillery unit may then use one of
its action abilities against the hostile unit, which is to be applied before the actual attack begins.
If the player acquires an artillery or artillery observer unit as reinforcement
during the game, he/she may also gain a valuable Artillery token.
artillery
1 token each
DURING
THE GAME
1 token each
By using an artillery token, the player may launch a further artillery operation (see Heading
4.3.3.). Through this, an artillery unit not participating in another action during the phase but
located within firing range may join the attack. After an Artillery token has been discarded,
the earmarked cannon shall join the attack and may use one of its action abilities.
The use of an Artillery token enables
the artillery to inflict damage (Artillery
attack) or diminish the enemy’s combat
values (Artillery support, if the type of
artillery enables this).
When in defence, the artillery may only
implement its action against the attacker
unit’s baseline position; in other terms,
the terrain properties to be taken into
account shall pertain to the field from
which the attack is launched.
Mountains and forests provide shelter
against such defensive artillery attacks.
artillery
observer
6.4.2. Using Artillery tokens during attack
Naturally, the two separate army corps
may each draw an own artillery unit into
battle, they may even do so during the
same clash if within firing range.
If the defender also uses a defence artillery card while in defence, it may even draw two
different artillery units into the clash with the help of the card and the artillery token.
IMPORTANT! Each cannon may only carry out 1 action while in defence!
In this game mode, various army corps’
artillery units are able to effectively
defend allied units and support their
attacks. However, this results in the
use of an artillery token at all times.
IMPORTANT! Artillery tokens can also be used to draw an allied cannon into
battle if it is located within firing range. However, the Artillery token must be
discarded by the allied player in this case.
42
Consequently, one own and one allied artillery unit (that have not engaged in any other action during
the phase) may be earmarked for attack during the round, above default options at the player’s
disposal. These, however, requires both players to use 1 Artillery token each.
43
At the beginning of the game, players
shall clearly determine who is to control
which army group(s) – this cannot be
changed in subsequent phases!
VII. 2 and 3-player game mode
A.
On the compact game area, both strategic and tactical targets are modified.
Furthermore, these also substantially vary in the case of the two separate clashes.
7.1. Game on the full board
B.
Among Battlecards, players shall single out the two “Transporting reinforcement”
and the 2 “Deployment of a spare battery” cards, these 4 Battlecards shall be
excluded from the game.
C.
In rapid mode, only 2 rounds are to take place in each turn. In all clases, the player
controlling the Russian Army Corps shall carry out his/her round first (i. e., this player
shall begin the game), followed by the player controlling Austro-Hungarian units.
D.
As Railway tokens play no role in the compact games, these shall be excluded from
the game.
Two and three-player games’ rules almost entirely follow the pattern of the four-player mode,
the only difference is that in these modes, one or both sides’ army groups are controlled by
a single player. Evidently, army corps fighting on different sides cannot be controlled by the
same player.
Armies’ move order remains unchanged, units of the army in turn are to be controlled by the
player specified at the beginning of the game, who is to apply used battlecards accordingly.
If players wish to use the “Weather”
accessory, the player controlling the
Russian units shall always roll dice
at the beginning of his/her own round
to determine weather conditions. The
weather thus determined shall stay in
effect during the given turn.
Battlecard
The only significant difference is that in two and three-player mode, the player controlling
multiple armies single-handedly holds all battlecards of the given side. With regard to cards’
use, this provides a broader array of opportunities than if both armies cards were to be
handled separately. In order to counter-balance this, the player may draw 1 battlecard less at
the beginning of the game than otherwise the two armies could draw in total.
3 Battlecards
5 Battlecards
for the united Battle Group
8 Battlecards
Artillery token
If the “Artillery token” additional rule takes effect, the player shall handle both cards and
artillery tokens together and may use them at any front of choice.
The Hadfy Group shall draw 1 Battlecard, if occupy Alt Sandez.
STRATEGIC GOAL: The Russian Army Corps VIII. wins the battle, if
1. it holds Limanowa under its control at the end of the turn.
2. all units of the Hadfy Group are wiped out.
TACTICAL GOAL:
7.2. Rapid game for 2 players
In the case of two players, it is possible to play out a detail of the battle on a compact portion
of the board. This enables more rapid game while retaining the excitements of the full game.
The following description is limited to modifications differing from the hitherto explained
four-player game made; all other rules are to remain identical.
The Army Corps VIII. shall draw 1 Battlecard each , if occupy
Rajbrot, Golców-Heights, and the Jabloniec-Ridge
7.2.2. Carpathian Frontline: strategical & tactical targets
The Example Booklet contains a sample
deployment sketch to assist players during
their first games (see pages3-4 & 17-18).
STRATEGIC GOAL: The Szurmay Group wins the battle, if
1. it holds Zboró under its control at the end of the turn.
2. all units of the Army Corps VII. are wiped out.
12 Artillery token
for the united Army Corps
The player player on his/hor own may receive less at artillery tokens beginning of the game
than otherwise the two armies would separately have.
44
TACTICAL GOAL:
for the united Army Corps
However, the player may use all cards held in his/her hand to strengthen or defend either of
the sides’ armies while keeping to the general rules of battlecard use. If, for some reason, the
player later pulls a new card, this may be used in either army group’s round, irrespective of
the army group through which the new card was acquired.
If players chose to play out the “Limanowa
Frontline”, the player controlling AustroHungarian troops naturally has to roll dice at
the beginning of his/her own round due to the
“Kraków Reinforcement (see Heading 3.3.3.).
1. it holds Neu Sandez under its control at the end of the turn.
2. all units of the Army Corps VIII. are wiped out.
10 Battlecards
for the united Battle Group
10 Artillery token
STRATEGIC GOAL: The Hadfy Group wins the battle, if
for the united Army Corps
In case of increased number of Battlecards:
for the united Battle group
7.2.1. Limanowa Frontline: strategical & tactical targets
TACTICAL GOAL:
The Szurmay Group shall draw 2 Battlecard, if occupy Bártfa.
and shall draw 1 Battlecard, if occupy Krynica.
STRATEGIC GOAL: The Russian Army Corps VII. wins the battle, if
1. it holds Raszlavica under its control at the end of the turn.
2. all units of the Szurmay Group are wiped out.
TACTICAL GOAL:
The Army Corps VII. shall draw 1 Battlecard each , if occupy
Héthárs and Kisszeben
45
VIII. Frequently Asked Questions
One turn, one card
Attacking and Defensive roles
Battlecards represents secret military operations, battleplans, diversionary manoeuvres and unexpected events which influence or modify the
course of gameplay and battles.
In most cases, the units controlled by the player in turn count as attackers, while its opponents are the defenders. However, there are some
abilities (cards e. g. “Counter-attack”) which reverse these roles, resulting in the units of the acting player becoming the defender and unit
carrying out the given attack being the attacker. In this latter case, attack and defence abilities, as well as terrain modifiers, shall be taken into
account accordingly.
One phase, one action
Usually, all units are only allowed to participate in a single action during each phase. Therefore, it a unit moves, it may not attack or engage in
action, and vice versa. This basic rule may, however, be modified by various units’ abilities and some Battlecards. Because the rule also applies
to artillery units, the artillery cannot use a Battlecard to shoot at enemies and then engage in another attack, for example in exchange for an
Artillery token, within the same round.
Railway transport, mandatory movement
In the case of railway transportation, the given unit has to be effectively moved to another settlement. Therefore, the unit cannot use the
railway merely to travel to a neighbouring field of the same station.
Terrain Modifiers
Terrain modifiers almost always favour the defenders. There are only three scenarios in which this is different
Path of movement
If a unit can advance more then one field during a single movement action, the intermediary fields may be occupied by own and allied units.
No units may cross fields occupied by enemy units, meaning that these prevent the own unit from further advancement. Units must complete
their move at an vacant field.
Artillery support
Artillery support actions are always automatically successful and does not require dice roll. However, the effect of artillery supports cannot be
added up, meaning that only a single artillery support may be applied against a given target. Against units located on forested areas, it is only
possible to use artillery support if the target is within sight of an own Artillery observer.
1. Artillery located on a mountain may launch artillery attacks with +1 AP.
2. If a unit heading for attack is fired upon by an artillery unit of the defending army corps (either by using a Battlecard or an artillery token),
the attacker is helped by its own terrain modifier because it counts as the defending party against cannonfire.
3. If the defending side can launch any kind of attack in its own turn (either by using a Battlecard or a unit ability), the unit of the player in
turn shall count as the defender.
Arrival of reinforcements
Giving conditional orders
Destroying an enemy unit
Neither player can issue its units orders that can be carried out only if a certain condition is met. For example, you cannot
order a unit to move into the place of an enemy unit which you meanwhile attempt to eliminate with an artillery attack.
It is only allowed to issue commands that seem unequivocally feasible at the beginning of the phase.
Units’s scope of abilities
Any unit can only use its positive abilities to support units belonging to its own army group. Allied units cannot receive this form of support!
For example, neither an Artillery observer (“Indirect targeting”), nor Orlov (“Aggressive tactics”) is able to use any of his abilities to help an
ally, these can only be applied to units belonging to an own army group.
Abilities during movement
Units currently in movement cannot use abilities which would otherwise effect ongoing clashes on nearby fields. For example an artillery
observer is unable to assist nearby artillery attacks while in movement
One turn, one Artillery token
All divisions, whether in their own, in their ally’s or in their enemies’ round, may use no more than 1 Artillery token. During the round, the
token can be used in any phase in which a clash takes place.
Extra attacks
Two considerations should be taken into account here. Firstly, even if the unit is destroyed in the “Basic attack” phase, it can still carry out
its additional attack (if it has one). Secondly, the unit can target different enemy targets with its basic and extra attack, provided that both of
these take part in the clash.
Attacking an artillery unit
46
VIII. Frequently Asked Questions
When attacking an artillery unit, every infantry and cavalry unit receives +3 APs. However, the attacked artillery units are protected by own
and allied infantry and cavalry units on neighbouring fields. If such a unit is positioned on any field next to the artillery, it provides +2 DPs to
the artillery, however, this shall not be applied to a hostile artillery attack. Defence modifiers pertaining to several different units do not add up!
If a division receives reinforcements during the game (usually through a card), it may choose freely from the CORE UNITS present in
the common reserve. Because this also includes previously lost units, it is possible that a given division may receive a further Artillery
reconnaissance unit previously lost by another and thus put back into the common reserve.
When an Artillery observer or an artillery unit is brought into play as reinforcement, the given division shall also receive an extra Artillery token.
When a player destroys an enemy unit, he/she may authomatically draw a Battlecard, regardless of which unit was the attacker and the
defender. If the enemy unit was successfully destroyed in an infantry or a cavalry attack, a unit taking part in the attack may occupy the
eliminated unit’s field
When a player destroys an enemy unit, they automatically receive a card, regardless of whether they were the attackers or defenders. If the
opposing unit was destroyed by an infantry or cavalry attack, one of the units contributing to the attack can move into the place of the destroyed
unit. Allied units can not do this, even if they participated to the attack! It can happen that both the attacker and the defender is destroyed in
the battle. In this case both units shall be removed from the board and both players receive a card.
Modifying combat values
During clashes, units’ combat values can be influenced by a multitude of factors (terrain, unit abilities, Battlecards, weather). There is no
theoretical maximum to either unit’s attack or defence values; these may take any value as far as possibilities reach. However, units’ attack
values have a minimum set at zero, below which neither unit’s attack or defence value may sink!
Successful attack
In case of a successful attack, the “cumulation” of damage is only possible in basic infantry or cavalry attacks (both from the defensive and the
attacking side). In this case, one RP shall be recorded for each 6 points of the target number.
In case of other types of attack (artillery, preventive, extra), the damage cannot be increased further, no matter how high the attack value is.
In such cases, the damage recorded shall correspond to the ability’s description.
Multiple Artillery observers
If, for any reason, 2 Artillery observers belonging to the same army corps could use their “Indirect targeting” ability, their effects cannot be added up!
Simultaneous movement
If in any phase of the player’s turn two or more own units move, any of these units can move to the place originally occupied by another moving
unit, the two units may also swap places with each other.
47
Prologue
Following the futile siege of Limanowa, the Russian Army Corps VIII. under the
command of General Orlov gradually pulled back from Neu Sandez, the Hadfy
Group, having bypassed Limanowa, and the Szurmay Group, arriving from the
Carpathians, were threatening Russian troops with encirclement. On 12 December,
two Hungarian divisions, arriving from opposite directions but bursting with the
zeal of victory, extended hands to each other at Neu Sandez Bridge.
The fate of the Russians had also been sealed up north, in the foregrounds of Kraków.
Austrian troops occupied Bochnia and the German 47th Division seized Rajbrot,
causing the Russians to retreat along the entire Galician frontline.
After the battle, General Brusilov had both General Orlov, commander of the Army
Corps VIII., and Lieutenant-General Belkovych, leader of the 15th Division,
relieved of their duties due to grave strategic errors. These mistakes, however, enabled
Austro-Hungarian defenders’ heroic accomplishments to become the chief premise
of victory instead of senseless blood sacrifice. In spite of this, several fallacies
were committed not only by the Russians but also by the Monarchy’s military
leadership. Failing to consider reports inconsistent with their own concepts, they
long neglected intelligence suggesting the Russians’ advancement. With this, they
wrought unnecessary sacrifice upon their own men, most of them Hungarians.
The Battle of Limanowa was a turning-point of fighting in Galicia. The AustroHungarian Monarchy halted the advancement of the frontline and even pushed
back the invaders, thus preventing the occupation of Kraków and enemy forces’
onslaught towards Vienna and Budapest.
Slowly, the “Russian Steamroller” began rolling backwards...
48
Inscription on the war memorial at Limanowa
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