HP 10BII User manual

HP 10BII User manual
Tax time is here and HP can help
HP financial calculators can help you get the
right answers quickly and easily.
Learn more »
Your articles
Volume 2
March 2008
Welcome to the second
edition of the HP Solve
newsletter. Learn
calculation concepts,
get advice to help you
succeed in the office or
the classroom, and be
the first to find out about
new HP calculating
solutions and special
offers.
Featured Calculator
» Be a CIO Hero!
Get the recognition you
deserve, let HP is help you
become a CIO hero.
» The best selling Real Estate
HP 10bII calculator just got
better
In Mid-March 2008, HP’s best
selling financial calculator the
HP 10bII, will be released with
a new attractive look.
» HP 12c Financial
Calculator
Get fast, accurate
results; the HP 12c is
the perfect tax-time
tool.
Learn more »
HP Calculator Blog
» Is it raining again in
Seattle…Wait, you mean San
Antonio?
Solve two quick problems that
involve fractions, number
patterns and the average
annual rainfall of a US city.
» Discount of the Month
The HP 12c Financial
Calculator: a proven industry
standard millions of
professionals rely on. It's
powerful, key-stroke
programmable and has HP
exclusive features such as
time-saving RPN data entry.
And now, for this month only, it
is 20% off for newsletter
readers only. Click here to get
your special discount.
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October 28-31 - Orlando, FL
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Cheung's blog, "The
Calculating World with
Wing and You."
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RPN Tip #2
Learn why the four-high
automatic RPN stack is
easy to master.
Read more »
Tax time is here and HP can help
Article – Next Æ
Tax time is a numbers game and HP can help you come out on top. Whether you are determining
deductions such as depreciation and amortization rates or calculating business expenses, capital gains or
income, HP financial calculators can help you get the right answer quickly and easily.
So you’ve gathered all your papers and are ready tackle the task -- now you just need some help in
crunching the numbers. HP has developed learning modules for each of our financial models that can make
this simple. Choose the right tool for your budget or level of need. And, in many cases, it can be a
deductible business expense:
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HP 10bII: Affordable and easy to use, it is the #1 selling HP financial calculator
HP 12c: After 27 years, it has become the industry-standard among finance professionals
HP 12c Platinum: An advanced version of the venerable 12c
HP 17bII+: HP’s most powerful financial model is menu-driven with the ability to create and store
custom calculations (HP Solve)
Once you have chosen your model, it’s time to get to work. The following are samples of learning modules
that can help you quickly solve your common tax calculations:
Click here to learn how to calculate loan amortization on the HP 10bII
Click here to learn how to solve problems involving dates using the HP 12c
Click here to learn how to calculate depreciation using the HP 12c Platinum
Click here to learn how to create custom calculations using HP Solve on the HP 17bII+
Click here to visit the learning modules section on the HP website for finance and business professionals to
access a complete listing of helpful and downloadable tutorials
Feature calculator of the month:
HP 12C Financial Calculator
Å Previous – Article – Next Æ
Chosen by millions of finance professionals worldwide, the HP 12c is the perfect tax-time tool. Get fast,
accurate results with the HP 12c Financial Calculator, continuing to set the standard for financial
calculators. The time-tested and iconic horizontal layout offers a one-line adjustable-contrast LCD display
and efficient RPN1 entry. Easily calculate loan payments, interest rates and conversions, standard
deviation, percent, TVM, NPV, IRR, cash flows, bonds and more. Over 120 built in functions. Ideal for
real estate, finance, accounting, economics and business work. Permitted for use on Certified Financial
Planner® (CFP), Chartered Financial Analyst® (CFA), and Global Association of Risk Professionals®
Financial Risk Management® (GARP FRM™) exam.2
2
(Footnotes)
1. Reverse Polish Notation (RPN) is an efficient data-entry system that can significantly reduce keystrokes.
Click here for more information about RPN
2. CFP® is a registered trademark of the Certified Financial Planner Board of Standards, Inc. CFA is a
registered trademark of the CFA Institute. The CFA Institute is not affiliated with Hewlett-Packard and does
not endorse or warrant the company or its products. Recommended for use by the Global Association of
Risk Professionals (GARP FRM™) for the Financial Risk Management Certification.
Fun facts about the HP 12c Financial Calculator:
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Born: September 16, 1981
It uses a 4 bit 125Khz CPU with 5 56 bit registers and has used the same the CPU for over 26
years.
The first handheld calculator to receive certification by the federal Bureau of Standards (now the
National Institute of Standards and Technology) due to it’s sophisticated accurate and precise
calculation algorithms
Over 15 million of the HP 12c series calculators have been sold
The ROM code is only 6000 instructions long and it performs over 100 functions.
Due to clever programming the calculator can perform complex financial functions despite the fact
that the only actual operations the microprocessor can calculate are addition and subtraction on
integers (numbers without comas).
The CPU is power-efficient with less than 40K transistors. In comparison, an Intel Pentium CPU has
582 millions transistors or 14550 times more
Price at introduction: USD$150
Click here for more information about the HP 12c Financial Calculator.
Click here for a detailed history of the HP 12c
RPN Tip #2
Å Previous – Article – Next Æ
Human data entry is error prone and this is primary reason machine readable bar codes are used on
nearly everything these days. The four-high automatic RPN stack is easy to master and it may be used to
avoid having to enter numbers related to a problem more than once.
Suppose you need to evaluate the expression (A2 + 3A) ÷ 1.3 with an A value of 2.918273645. You
could solve the problem three ways.
1.
You could press 2.918273645, ENTER, ENTER,
13.2854938478.
(seven keystrokes)
×,
X<>Y,
3,
×,
+,
1.3,
÷
to calculate
2. The experienced RPN user would press 2.918273645, X^2, LASTX, 3, ×, +, 1.3, ÷ to calculate
13.2854938478. (six keystrokes)
The latter method disturbs the stack less and uses fewer keystrokes.
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3. The more math minded (student?) would recognize that the algebraic “problem” could be transposed to
be:
A( A + 3 )
1.3
and press 3, ENTER, 2.918273645, +, LASTX, ×, 1.3, ÷ to calculate 13.2854938478.
(five keystrokes)
NOTE: The above “keystroke counts” or the method of counting is not clear. Because numbers may range
from a single digit to 10, 12, or more digits, and these digits would be the same for any machine, they are
not counted as keystrokes. To clarify this issue the following is offered.
Counting Keystrokes
RPN Tip #2 showed three RPN methods to solve a problem. Each successive method improved on the
method before it in terms of the “efficiency” of the solution. This efficiency is the number of calculator
operation keys that have to be pressed to solve the problem. The number of keystrokes is related to three
variables.
1. The RPN machine being used. Some RPN operations are shifted keys. R , for example, is shifted on
the HP35s and several of HP’s legacy RPN calculators. Shifted operations require two keystrokes.
2. The order of the operations and the utilization of the RPN automatic stack operations.
3. The mathematical form that is used to express the problem. If the problem is represented by an
algebraic expression, for example, the calculator solution is having the expression rearranged for a
more efficient calculator keyboard solution. Complete books have been written on the topic of
(optimum) “calculator solutions.”
Keystroke counting is the only objective measure of comparing the problem solving efficiency of one
machine to another or one solution method to another. In order to keep everything on a level playing field
the keystrokes required for entering the data (numbers) are not counted. This is illustrated using solution
number three of RPN Tip #2.
4. The more math minded (student?) would recognize that the algebraic “problem” could be easily
transposed to be:
A( A + 3 )
1.3
And press 3, ENTER, 2.918273645, +, LASTX, ×, 1.3, ÷ to calculate
keystroke number
13.2854938478. (Total of five keystrokes).
Click here to learn more about RPN.
4
Is it raining again in Seattle…
Wait, you mean San Antonio
Å Previous – Article – Next Æ
Here are two quick problems involving fractions and number patterns. Both of these problems involve
trends in the average annual rainfall of a US city. These trends are called 50-year trends and are based on
data gathered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
Two Rainy Cities?
Seattle has long been known for its cloudy, rainy weather; in fact, one of its nicknames is the Rainy City.
Since 1961, the average annual precipitation has been just less than 38 2/5”. San Antonio, on the other
hand, had an average annual precipitation of just less than 30 1/2" over the same period. According to
NOAA, San Antonio has a 50-year trend of increasing annual precipitation. If the trend continues,
eventually San Antonio will have greater annual precipitation than Seattle currently has. The trend is an
additional 1 1/8” of precipitation per decade. Use this information to fill in the first column in the table
below. Then estimate the year in which San Antonio’s annual precipitation is greater than Seattle’s current
38 2/5”.
Two Trends
Seattle, in the meantime, has its own 50-year annual precipitation trend. According to NOAA, the trend
for Seattle is a decreasing one. Seattle gets 2/3” less annual precipitation each decade. With Seattle’s
annual precipitation decreasing and San Antonio’s increasing, at some point the two cities will have the
same annual precipitation. Fill in the second column of the table below with rainfall figures. Estimate the
year in which both cities have the same annual precipitation. Show your estimate of the number of inches
of rainfall that year as well.
Year
2007
Seattle
(average annual rainfall in
inches)
San Antonio
(average annual rainfall in
inches)
30
1
2
38
2
5
2017
2027
2037
2047
2057
Teacher Notes
These short activities take global warming and climatic change as topics to generate student interest in
mixed numbers and number patterns.
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Glencoe Mathematics Series
In Texas Mathematics, Course 1, these activities can be used at the end of Chapter 5 (5.6 and 5.7) as
students investigate adding and subtracting mixed numbers. They can also be used in Chapter 6 (6.5 and
6.6) as students investigate arithmetic sequences. In either case, the two activities are best kept together.
As an investigation of arithmetic sequences, you can also use these activities with Course 2, Chapter 1 and
with Course 3, Chapter 10.
TEKS
The following TEKS can be found in this activity set. The TEKS are listed in grade-level order, not the order
in which they appear in the activities. Also, some of the TEKS statements are abbreviated or paraphrased
here.
The student is expected to:
• 6.1(A) compare and order non-negative rational numbers (also 7.1(A) and 8.1(A))
• 6.2(B) use addition and subtraction to solve problems involving fractions and decimals (also 7.2(B)
and 8.2(B))
• 6.2(D) estimate and round to approximate reasonable results and to solve problems where exact
answers are not required
• 6.4(A) use tables and symbols to represent and describe proportional and other relationships such
as those involving conversions, arithmetic sequences (with a constant rate of change), perimeter,
and area
• 6.11(D) select tools such as real objects, manipulatives, paper/pencil, and technology or
techniques such as mental math, estimation, and number sense to solve problems (also 7.13(D) and
8.14(D)
Web Resources
The information for this exercise was adapted from the web site of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
Administration, or NOAA. From their home page, scroll down a bit and click on the Climate icon. From
there, you can get information on many US cities, including Seattle and San Antonio.
Answer Key for Two Rainy Cities
In this activity, students learn about precipitation trends predicted by the National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) for San Antonio. These trends indicate that San Antonio will
eventually have greater annual precipitation than Seattle currently has. Will San Antonio be the next
“Rainy City”? This activity uses the Mixed Fraction mode to operate on mixed numbers, as well as the ANS
function to create number patterns.
1. Go to Modes menu and change Number Format to Mixed Fractions, with an accuracy level of 4 (see
Figure 1). Then return to the Home screen.
2. Enter the current annual precipitation figure for San Antonio: 30.5”. Note that the HP 39gs changes the
decimal to a mixed number, 30+1/2, as in Figure 2.
3. Press the + key and the HP 39gs will enter “ANS +” with the cursor positioned after the + sign. ANS
represents the last ANSwer (30 ½), so type in 1+1/8 (Figure 2) and press ENTER to see the annual
precipitation for 2017 (one decade later).
4. Press ENTER repeatedly to see the model’s predictions for 2027, 2037, etc. Look carefully as you press
ENTER and you will see that the annual precipitation reaches 38 3/8 in 2077. This is just under Seattle’s
38 2/5. How much less? Just 1/40”! See for yourself by subtracting 38+2/5 from 38+3/8.
Extension: If the annual precipitation increases by 1 1/8” in 10 years, how long will it take to increase
by 1/40”? You should find it to be 2 2/3 months.
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Figure 1: Mixed Fraction format
Figure 2: 30.5 becomes 30 1/2
Figure 3: The first two terms, using ANS
Figure 4: 38 3/8” in 2077
Answer Key for Two Trends
In this short activity, students match the increasing trend of San Antonio precipitation to the decreasing
trend of Seattle precipitation to estimate the year in which both cities have the same amount of rainfall.
1. Repeat the same process on the HP 39gs, but with an initial starting value of 38 2/5 (see Figure 5)
and a decrease of 2/3 (Figure 6). The values are shown in the table below.
Figure 5: Starting the Seattle sequence
Year
2007
2017
2027
2037
2047
2057
Figure 6: Using ANS again
San Antonio
30
31
32
33
35
36
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1/8
Seattle
38
37
37
36
35
35
2/5
11/15
1/15
2/5
11/15
1/15
Looking at the table, it is clear that the two cities would be predicted to have identical rainfall totals in one
of the years between 2047 and 2057. This is definitely within the life expectancies of the students!
7
The best selling real estate
HP 10bll Calculator just got better
Å Previous – Article – Next Æ
The HP 10bII, HP’s best selling financial calculator, is easy to use and approved
for many courses and exams. The calculator is approved by the CFP, CFA, AFP,
CICFP, CCIM institute and is extremely popular among Real Estate and business
students and professionals.
In Mid-March 2008, HP will be releasing the HP 10bII with a new, attractive
look. The calculator will have the famous HP gem logo and will continue to be
light weight and slim. It has over 100 built-in functions for business, finance,
mathematics and statistic with quick calculation options for loan payments, TVM,
NPV, IRR, cash flows and more. Now you can solve all your basic financial
calculations with style.
HP provides FREE calculator training specific to our calculator models and specific exams. Check out the
links below:
Click here for free HP 10bII CBT and IREM training
Click here for free HP 10bII intro to finance video training
Click here for free HP 10bII learning modules
Be a CIO hero!
Å Previous – Article
See how good it feels knowing that HP is helping you become a CIO hero! HP can help you get the
attention you deserve at the next boardroom meeting with the other executives because your IT department
brought value and increased productivity to the organizations’ workforce.
We understand the challenges that CIOs face everyday. IT decisions in organizations are often made in a
vacuum or part of a greater IT business alignment process instead of simply bringing solutions to the
organization. IT executives and industry leaders agree that companies who do not treat IT as a strategic
element of the organization are more likely to suffer expensive failures. Bringing the right IT tools and
solutions to the workforce gives companies the competitive edge they need to be better, faster, and smarter.
Fortunately, CIOs can count on HP to provide calculating solutions for your workforce at a very affordable
price. Whether your business is in finance, insurance, real estate, engineering, science, education, etc; HP
Calculators have the right calculating solution to meet your business needs. And if you need a good story
for management, there is no better value than a HP Calculator. Dollar for dollar, HP Calculators provide
the greatest value for productivity. Now is a great time to capitalize on our special B2B bulk purchase
program and save money by directly from HP.
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HP is committed to help you find the right calculating solutions for just about any job. We will meet with
you anytime, and anyplace that's convenient for you - even at your place of business. And HP Total Care
offers comprehensive support to keep your workforce operating at peak efficiency.
For more information regarding our B2B calculating solutions, please logon to our HP Calculator Club and
fill out our information request form.
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