HP | 6631B | User's Manual | HP 6631B User's Manual

USER’S GUIDE
Dynamic Measurement DC Source
HP Model 66332A
System DC Power Supply
HP Model 6631B, 6632B, 6633B, 6634B
For instruments with Serial Numbers:
HP 66332A: US36320401 and up
HP 6631B: US37470101 and up
HP 6632B: US36350826 and up
HP 6633B: US36390236 and up
HP 6634B: US36380206 and up
HP Part No. 5962-8196
Microfiche Part No. 5962-8197
Printed in USA: July 1999
Warranty Information
CERTIFICATION
Hewlett-Packard Company certifies that this product met its published specifications at time of shipment
from the factory. Hewlett-Packard further certifies that its calibration measurements are traceable to the
United States National Bureau of Standards, to the extent allowed by the Bureau's calibration facility, and to
the calibration facilities of other International Standards Organization members.
WARRANTY
This Hewlett-Packard hardware product is warranted against defects in material and workmanship for a
period of three years from date of delivery. HP software and firmware products, which are designated by
HP for use with a hardware product and when properly installed on that hardware product, are warranted
not to fail to execute their programming instructions due to defects in material and workmanship for a
period of 90 days from date of delivery. During the warranty period Hewlett-Packard Company will, at its
option, either repair or replace products which prove to be defective. HP does not warrant that the
operation for the software firmware, or hardware shall be uninterrupted or error free.
For warranty service, with the exception of warranty options, this product must be returned to a service
facility designated by HP. Customer shall prepay shipping charges by (and shall pay all duty and taxes) for
products returned to HP for warranty service. Except for products returned to Customer from another
country, HP shall pay for return of products to Customer.
Warranty services outside the country of initial purchase are included in HP's product price, only if
Customer pays HP international prices (defined as destination local currency price, or U.S. or Geneva
Export price).
If HP is unable, within a reasonable time to repair or replace any product to condition as warranted, the
Customer shall be entitled to a refund of the purchase price upon return of the product to HP.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate maintenance by
the Customer, Customer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification or misuse, operation
outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or improper site preparation and maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. HP SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED
WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES
THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HEREIN ARE THE CUSTOMER'S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES. HP
SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
DAMAGES, WHETHER BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
ASSISTANCE
The above statements apply only to the standard product warranty. Warranty options, extended support
contacts, product maintenance agreements and customer assistance agreements are also available.
Contact your nearest Hewlett-Packard Sales and Service office for further information on HP's full line of
Support Programs.
2
Safety Summary
The following general safety precautions must be observed during all phases of operation of this instrument.
Failure to comply with these precautions or with specific warnings elsewhere in this manual violates safety
standards of design, manufacture, and intended use of the instrument. Hewlett-Packard Company assumes no
liability for the customer's failure to comply with these requirements.
GENERAL
This product is a Safety Class 1 instrument (provided with a protective earth terminal). The protective features of
this product may be impaired if it is used in a manner not specified in the operation instructions.
Any LEDs used in this product are Class 1 LEDs as per IEC 825-1.
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
This instrument is intended for indoor use in an installation category II, pollution degree 2 environment. It is
designed to operate at a maximum relative humidity of 95% and at altitudes of up to 2000 meters. Refer to the
specifications tables for the ac mains voltage requirements and ambient operating temperature range.
BEFORE APPLYING POWER
Verify that the product is set to match the available line voltage, the correct fuse is installed, and all safety
precautions are taken. Note the instrument's external markings described under "Safety Symbols".
GROUND THE INSTRUMENT
To minimize shock hazard, the instrument chassis and cover must be connected to an electrical ground. The
instrument must be connected to the ac power mains through a grounded power cable, with the ground wire
firmly connected to an electrical ground (safety ground) at the power outlet. Any interruption of the protective
(grounding) conductor or disconnection of the protective earth terminal will cause a potential shock hazard that
could result in personal injury.
ATTENTION: Un circuit de terre continu est essentiel en vue du fonctionnement sécuritaire de l'appareil.
Ne jamais mettre l'appareil en marche lorsque le conducteur de mise … la terre est d‚branch‚.
FUSES
Only fuses with the required rated current, voltage, and specified type (normal blow, time delay, etc.) should be
used. Do not use repaired fuses or short-circuited fuseholders. To do so could cause a shock or fire hazard.
DO NOT OPERATE IN AN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERE
Do not operate the instrument in the presence of flammable gases or fumes.
DO NOT REMOVE THE INSTRUMENT COVER
Operating personnel must not remove instrument covers. Component replacement and internal adjustments must
be made only by qualified service personnel.
Instruments that appear damaged or defective should be made inoperative and secured against unintended
operation until they can be repaired by qualified service personnel.
3
SAFETY SYMBOLS
Direct current
Alternating current
Both direct and alternating current
Three-phase alternating current
Earth (ground) terminal
Protective earth (ground) terminal
Frame or chassis terminal
Terminal is at earth potential. Used for measurement and control circuits designed to be
operated with one terminal at earth potential.
Terminal for Neutral conductor on permanently installed equipment
Terminal for Line conductor on permanently installed equipment
On (supply)
Off (supply)
Standby (supply). Units with this symbol are not completely disconnected from ac mains when
this switch is off. To completely disconnect the unit from ac mains, either disconnect the power
cord or have a qualified electrician install an external switch.
In position of a bi-stable push control
Out position of a bi-stable push control
Caution, risk of electric shock
Caution, hot surface
Caution (refer to accompanying documents)
WARNING
Caution
4
The WARNING sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure, practice, or the like,
which, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in personal injury. Do not proceed
beyond a WARNING sign until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
The CAUTION sign denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, or the like,
which, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or destruction of part
or all of the product. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION sign until the indicated conditions are
fully understood and met.
Declaration Page
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY
according to ISO/IEC Guide 22 and EN 45014
Manufacturer's Name:
Hewlett-Packard Company
Manufacturer's Address:
150 Green Pond Road
Rockaway, New Jersey 07866
U.S.A.
declares that the Product
Product Name:
a) Dynamic Measurement DC Source
b) System DC Power Supply
Model Number:
a) HP 66332A
b) HP 6631B, 6632B, 6633B, 6634B
conforms to the following Product Specifications:
Safety:
IEC 1010-1:1990+A1(1992) / EN 61010-1:1993
EMC:
CISPR 11:1990 / EN 55011:1991 - Group 1 Class B
IEC 801-2:1991 / EN 50082-1:1992 - 4 kV CD, 8 kV AD
IEC 801-3:1984 / EN 50082-1:1992 - 3 V / m
IEC 801-4:1988 / EN 50082-1:1992 - 0.5 kV Signal Lines
1 kV Power Lines
Supplementary Information:
The product herewith complies with the requirements of the Low Voltage Directive
73/23/EEC and the EMC Directive 89/336/EEC and carries the CE-marking accordingly.
New Jersey
Location
November 1997
Date
______
Bruce Krueger / Quality Manager
European Contact: Your local Hewlett-Packard Sales and Service Office or Hewlett-Packard GmbH,
Department TRE, Herrenberger Strasse 130, D-71034 Boeblingen (FAX:+49-7031-14-3143)
5
Acoustic Noise Information
Herstellerbescheinigung
Diese Information steht im Zusammenhang mit den Anforderungen der
Maschinenläminformationsverordnung vom 18 Januar 1991.
* Schalldruckpegel Lp <70 dB(A)
* Am Arbeitsplatz
* Normaler Betrieb
* Nach EN 27779 (Typprüfung).
Manufacturer's Declaration
This statement is provided to comply with the requirements of the German Sound Emission Directive, from
18 January 1991.
* Sound Pressure Lp <70 dB(A)
* At Operator Position
* Normal Operation
* According to EN 27779 (Type Test).
Printing History
The edition and current revision of this manual are indicated below. Reprints of this manual
containing minor corrections and updates may have the same printing date. Revised editions are
identified by a new printing date. A revised edition incorporates all new or corrected material since
the previous printing date.
Changes to the manual occurring between revisions are covered by change sheets shipped with the
manual. In some cases, the manual change applies only to specific instruments. Instructions
provided on the change sheet will indicate if a particular change applies only to certain instruments.
This document contains proprietary information protected by copyright. All rights are reserved.
No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into another language
without the prior consent of Hewlett-Packard Company. The information contained in this
document is subject to change without notice.
 Copyright 1997 Hewlett-Packard Company
6
Edition 1 __________November, 1997
Table of Contents
Warranty Information
Safety Summary
Acoustic Noise Information
Printing History
Table of Contents
QUICK REFERENCE
HP 66332A Dynamic Measurement DC Source and
HP 6611C-6614C System DC Power Supply
The Front Panel - At a Glance
Front Panel Number Entry
Front Panel Annunciators
Immediate Action Keys
Front Panel Menus - At a Glance
SCPI Programming Commands - At a Glance
The Rear Panel - At a Glance
GENERAL INFORMATION
Document Orientation
Safety Considerations
Options and Accessories
Description
Capabilities
Front Panel Controls
Remote Programming
Output Characteristic
INSTALLATION
Inspection
Damage
Packaging Material
Items Supplied
Cleaning
Location
Bench Operation
Rack Mounting
Input Connections
Connect the Power Cord
Output Connections
Wire Considerations
Current Ratings
Voltage Drops
Multiple Load Connections
Remote Sense Connections
Sense Leads
Stability
OVP Considerations
Fast/Normal Operation
Inductive Loading
Capacitive Loading
INH/FLT Connections
Controller Connections
HP-IB Interface
RS-232 Interface
2
3
6
6
7
9
9
10
11
12
12
13
14
15
17
17
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
22
22
23
23
23
23
23
24
24
24
25
26
26
27
27
27
27
30
30
30
7
TURN-ON CHECKOUT
Introduction
Using the Keypad
Checkout Procedure
In Case of Trouble
Error Messages
Line Fuse
FRONT PANEL OPERATION
Introduction
Front Panel Description
System Keys
Function Keys
Immediate Action Keys
Scrolling Keys
Metering Keys
Output Control Keys
Entry Keys
Examples of Front Panel Programming
1 - Setting the Output Voltage and Current
2 - Querying and Clearing Output Protection
3 - Making Front Panel Measurements
4 - Programming the Digital Output Port
5 - Programming the Output Relay (option 760 only)
6 - Setting the HP-IB Address and RS-232 Parameters
7 - Saving and Recalling Operating States
SPECIFICATIONS
Specifications
Supplemental Characteristics
VERIFICATION AND CALIBRATION
Introduction
Equipment Required
Test Setup
Performing the Verification Tests
Turn-On Checkout
Voltage Programming and Measurement Accuracy
Current Programming and Measurement Accuracy
Performing the Calibration Procedure
Front Panel Calibration Menu
Front Panel Calibration
Calibration Error Messages
Changing the Calibration Password
Calibration Over the HP-IB
31
31
31
32
34
34
34
35
35
35
37
38
38
38
39
40
41
42
42
43
43
45
46
46
47
49
49
50
53
53
53
53
54
55
55
55
59
59
60
62
63
63
ERROR MESSAGES
65
LINE VOLTAGE CONVERSION
69
Open the Unit
Configure the Power Transformer
Install the Correct Line Fuse
Close the Unit
INDEX
8
69
69
70
70
71
1
Quick Reference
HP 66332A Dynamic Measurement DC Source and
HP 6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B System DC Power
Supplies
The HP 66332A is a 100 Watt, high performance dc power supply that provides dynamic
measurement and analysis of voltage and current waveforms. It is designed to simplify the testing
of digital cellular and mobile phones. For example, data acquired using its dynamic measurement
capability can be used in determining the battery operating time of digital wireless communications
products.
The HP 6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B are 100 Watt, high performance dc power supplies with
output current measurement capability in the microampere range. They are well suited for testing
portable battery-powered products.
Additionally, the combination of bench-top and system features in these dc sources provide
versatile solutions for your design and test requirements.
Convenient bench-top features
♦
Up to 100 Watts output power
♦
Easy to use knob for voltage and current settings
♦
Highly visible vacuum-fluorescent front panel display
♦
Excellent load and line regulation; low ripple and noise
♦
Measurement capability down to microampere levels
♦
Current sinking up to the maximum rated output current
♦
Instrument state storage
♦
Portable case
Flexible system features
♦
HP-IB (IEEE-488) and RS-232 interfaces are standard
♦
SCPI (Standard Commands for Programmable Instruments) compatibility
♦
Triggered acquisition of digitized output current and voltage waveforms (HP 66332A only)
♦
I/O setup easily done from the front panel
9
1 – Quick Reference
The Front Panel - At a Glance
j14-character
k
Annunciators
indicate operating
modes and status
conditions.
display shows output
measurements and
programmed values.
2
1
output connectors.
Use á and â
to set the resolution;
then adjust the value
with the knob.
4
6
nTurns the dc source o
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
10
mOptional front panel
sets voltage, current,
and menu parameters.
3
5
on and off.
lRotary control
System keys:
return to Local
mode
set the HP-IB
address
set the RS-232
interface
display SCPI
error codes
save and recall
instrument states.
p
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
8
7
Function keys:
enable/disable
output
select metering
functions
program voltage
and current
set and clear
protection
functions
‚
and •
scroll through the
front panel menu
commands.
q
♦
♦
♦
♦
Entry keys:
enter values
increment or
decrement values
ä and ã
select front panel
menu parameters.
á
and â
select a digit in
the numeric entry
field.
1 – Quick Reference
Front Panel Number Entry
Enter numbers from the front panel using one of the following methods:
Use the arrow keys and knob to change voltage or current settings
NOTE
The output must be ON to see the displayed values change in Meter mode.
Use the Function keys and knob to change the displayed settings
Use the Arrow keys to edit individual digits in the displayed setting
Increments the flashing digit
Moves the flashing digit to the right
Decrements the flashing digit
Moves the flashing digit to the left
Enters the value when editing is complete
Use the Function keys and Entry keys to enter a new value
NOTE
If you make a mistake, use the Backspace key to delete the number, or press the
Meter key to return to meter mode.
11
1 – Quick Reference
Front Panel Annunciators
CV
The output is operating in constant voltage mode.
CC
The output is operating in constant current mode.
Unr
The output is unregulated.
Dis
The output is OFF. Press the Output On/Off key to turn the
output on.
OCP
The over-current protection state is ON. Press the OCP key to
turn over-current protection off.
Prot
Indicates that the output has been disabled by one of the
protection features. Press the Prot Clear key to clear the
protection condition.
Cal
Calibration mode is ON. Scroll to the Cal Off command and
press the Enter key to exit the calibration mode.
Shift
The Shift key has been pressed.
Rmt
The selected Remote programming interface (either HP-IB or
RS-232) is active. Press the Local key to return the unit to
front panel control.
Addr
The interface is addressed to talk or listen.
Err
There is an error in the SCPI error queue. Press the Error key
to view the error code.
SRQ
The interface is requesting service.
Immediate Action Keys
Output
On/Off
A toggle switch that turns the output of the dc source on
or off.
Local
Activates front panel control when the unit is in remote
mode (unless a Lockout command is in effect).
Shift
Prot Clr
Resets the protection circuit and allows the unit to return
to its last programmed state.
Shift
OCP
A toggle switch that enables or disables overcurrent
protection.
12
1 – Quick Reference
Front Panel Menus - At a Glance
Address
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
Recall
ADDRESS 7
INTF HPIB
BAUDRATE 300
Sets the HP-IB Address
Selects an interface (HPIB or RS232)
Selects baud rate (300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600)
PARITY NONE
FLOW NONE
LANG SCPI
Selects message parity (NONE, EVEN, ODD, MARK, SPACE)
Selects flow control (XON-XOFF, RTS-CTS, DTR-DSR, NONE)
Selects language (SCPI or COMP)
*RCL 0
Recalls instrument state
Shift
Save
*SAV 0
Saves present instrument state
Shift
Error
ERROR 0
Displays errors in SCPI error queue
‚
12.000V 0.204A
12.500V MAX
Measures output voltage and current
Measures peak output voltage1
1.000V MIN
12.330V HIGH
Measures minimum output voltage1
Measures the high level of a voltage pulse waveform1
0.080V LOW
12.000V RMS
0.350A MAX
0.050A MIN
0.400A HIGH
0.012A LOW
0.210A RMS
Measures the low level of a voltage pulse waveform1
Measures rms voltage1
Measures peak output current1
Measures minimum output current1
Measures the high level of a current pulse waveform1
Measures the low level of a current pulse waveform1
Measures rms current1
Voltage
VOLT 20.000
Sets the output voltage
Current
CURR 2.000
Sets the output current
Protect
OC -- -- -- --
Protection status (example shows overcurrent tripped)
Output
*RST
PON:STATE RST
Places the dc source in the factory-default state
Select the power-on state command (RST or RCL0)
PROT:DLY 0.08
RI LATCHING
DFI OFF
DFI:SOUR OFF
Sets the output protection delay in seconds
Sets the remote inhibit mode (LATCHING, LIVE, or OFF)
Sets the discrete fault indicator state (ON or OFF)
Selects the DFI source (QUES, OPER, ESB, RQS, or OFF)
‚
PORT RIDFI
DIGIO 7
RELAY ON
RELAY NORM
Sets the output port functions (RIDFI or DIGIO)
Sets and reads the I/O port value (0 through 7)
Sets the output relay state (ON or OFF) 2
Sets the output relay polarity (NORM or REV) 2
Shift
OV
VOLT:PROT 22
Sets overvoltage protection level
Shift
Input
CURR:RANG HIGH
CURR:DET ACDC
Sets current range (HIGH, LOW, or AUTO)
Sets current measurement detector (ACDC or DC)1
CAL ON
Accesses calibration menu (See User’s Guide).
Meter
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
‚
Shift
Cal
Use
and
to select menu parameters. UseMeter to exit any menu and return to metering mode.
1
2
Not available on HP 6631B - 6634B or in Compatibility mode.
Not available on HP 6631B.
ä
ã
13
1 – Quick Reference
SCPI Programming Commands - At a Glance
NOTE
Most [optional] commands have been omitted for clarity. Refer to the
Programming Guide for a complete description of all programming commands.
ABORt
CALibrate
:CURRent [:POSitive]
:NEGative
:MEASure :LOWRange
:AC1
:DATA <n>
:LEVel P1 | P2 | P3 | P4
:PASSword <n>
:SAVE
:STATe <bool> [, <n>]
:VOLTage :PROTection
DISPlay
<bool>
:MODE NORMal | TEXT
:TEXT <display_string>
INITiate
:SEQuence[1|21]
:NAME TRANsient | ACQuire1
:CONTinuous :SEQuence[1], <bool>
:NAME TRANsient, <bool>
MEASure | FETCh
:ARRay
:CURRent?1
:VOLTage?1
[:CURRent][:DC]?2
:ACDC?1
:HIGH?1
:LOW?1
:MAX?1
:MIN?1
:VOLTage [:DC]?2
:ACDC?1
:HIGH?1
:LOW?1
:MAX?1
:MIN?1
OUTPut
<bool> [,NORelay]
:DFI <bool>
:SOURce QUES | OPER | ESB | RQS | OFF
:PON :STATe RST | RCL0
:PROTection :CLEar
:DELay <n>
:RELay [:STATe] <bool>3
:POLarity NORM | REV3
:RI :MODE LATCHing | LIVE | OFF
1Not
available on HP 6631B - 6634B
commands not available on HP 6631B – 6634B
3 Not available on HP 6631B
2 Fetch
14
SENSe
:CURRent :RANGe <n>
:DETector ACDC | DC1
:FUNCtion “VOLT” | “CURR”1
:SWEep
:OFFSet :POINts <n>1
:POINts <n>
:TINTerval <n>
[SOURce:] CURRent <n>
:TRIGgered <n>
:PROTection :STATe <bool>
DIGital :DATA <n>
:FUNCtion RIDF | DIG
VOLTage <n>
:TRIGgered <n>
:PROTection <n>
:ALC :BANDwidth? | :BWIDth?
STATus
:PRESet
:OPERation [:EVENt]?
:CONDition?
:ENABle <n>
:NTRansition <n>
:PTRansition <n>
:QUEStionable [:EVENt]?
:CONDition?
:ENABle <n>
:NTRansition <n>
:PTRansition <n>
SYSTem
:ERRor?
:LANGuage SCPI | COMPatibility
:VERSion?
:LOCal
:REMote
:RWLock
TRIGger
:SEQuence 2 | :ACQuire [:IMMediate]1
:COUNt
:CURRent <n>1
:VOLTage <n>1
:HYSTeresis:CURRent <n>1
:VOLTage <n>1
:LEVel
:CURRent <n>1
:VOLTage <n>1
:SLOPe
:CURRent POS | NEG | EITH1
:VOLTage POS | NEG | EITH1
:SOURce BUS | INTernal1
[:SEQuence1 | :TRANsient][:IMMediate]
:SOURce BUS
:SEQuence1 :DEFine TRANsient
:SEQuence2 :DEFine ACQuire1
1 – Quick Reference
The Rear Panel - At a Glance
jHP-IB (IEEE-488) k
lINH/FLT (remote mOutput and Remote
interface connector
INHibit / internal
FauLT) connector.
Connector plug is
removable.
RS-232 interface
connector
4
3
2
Fuse holder
1
6
5
nFast/Normal switch o
sense terminal block.
7
p
Power cord
connector (IEC 320)
Use the front panel Address menu to
♦
Select the HP-IB or RS-232 interface (see chapter 4 in User’s Guide)
♦
Select the HP-IB bus address (see chapter 4 in User’s Guide)
♦
Configure the RS-232 interface (see chapter 4 in User’s Guide)
15
2
General Information
Document Orientation
This manual describes the operation of the HP Model 66332A Dynamic Measurement DC Source
and the HP Model 6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B System DC Power Supply. Unless otherwise
noted, both units will be referred to by the description "dc source" throughout this manual. The
following documents are shipped with your dc source:
♦
a User's Guide (this document), contains installation, checkout, and front panel information
♦
a Programming Guide, contains detailed HP-IB programming information
♦
an HP VXIplug&play instrument driver, for Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0
The following Getting Started Map will help you find the information you need to complete the
specific task that you want to accomplish. Refer to the table of contents or index of each guide for
a complete list of the information contained within.
Getting Started Map
Task
Installing the unit
Line voltage connections
Computer connections
Load connections
Checking out the unit
Verifying proper operation
Using the front panel
Calibrating the unit
Using the front panel
Front panel keys
Front panel examples
Using the programming interface
HP-IB interface
RS-232 interface
Programming the unit using SCPI (and Compatibility)
commands
SCPI commands
SCPI programming examples
Compatibility language
Programming the unit using the HP VXIplug&play
instrument driver
Installing the instrument driver
Instrument driver functions
C/C++ example programs
Visual BASIC example programs
LabVIEW example programs
HP VEE example programs
Where to find information
User’s Guide
User’s Guide
User’s Guide
User’s Guide
Programming Guide
Programming Guide
HP VXIplug&play installation sheet
and on-line help
NOTE:
The driver must be installed on your computer to
access the on-line information.
Drivers for HP-UX are available on the web at
www.hp.com/go/power
17
2 – General Information
Safety Considerations
This dc source is a Safety Class 1 instrument, which means it has a protective earth terminal. That
terminal must be connected to earth ground through a power source equipped with a ground
receptacle. Refer to the Safety Summary page at the beginning of this guide for general safety
information. Before installation or operation, check the dc source and review this guide for safety
warnings and instructions. Safety warnings for specific procedures are located at appropriate
places in the guide.
Options and Accessories
Table 2-1. Options
Option
Description
100
87− 106 Vac, 47− 63 Hz
220
191− 233 Vac, 47− 63 Hz
230
207− 253 Vac, 47− 63 Hz
020
Front panel output binding posts
760
Isolation and polarity reversal relays (not available on HP 6631B)
1CM
Rack mount kit (HP p/n 5062-3974)
1CP
Rack mount kit with handles (HP p/n 5062-3975)
Accessory Rack slide kit )HP p/n 1494-0060)
910
Service manual with extra operating manuals
Support rails are required when rack mounting units. Use E3663A support rails for HP rack cabinets, and
E3664A for non-HP rack cabinets.
1
Table 2-2. Accessories
Item
HP Part Number
HP-IB cables
1.0 meter (3.3 ft)
10833A
2.0 meters (6.6 ft)
10833B
4.0 meters (13.2 ft)
10833C
0.5 meters (1.6 ft)
10833D
RS-232 cable
34398A
(9-pin F to 9-pin F, 2.5 meter, null modem/printer cable
with one 9-pin M to 25-pin F adapter
RS-232 adapter kit (contains 4 adapters)
9-pin M to 25-pin M for pc or printer
9-pin M to 25-pin M for pc or printer
9-pin M to 25-pin M for modem
9-pin M to 9-pin M for modem
18
34399A
2 – General Information
Description
Both the HP 66332A Dynamic Measurement DC Source and the HP 6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B
System DC Power Supply combine two instruments in one unit. It includes a dc source, which
produces dc output with programmable voltage and current amplitude, and a highly accurate
voltage and current meter, with the capability to measure very low-level currents. Additionally,
the HP 66332A Dynamic Measurement DC Source has the ability to measure and characterize
output voltage and current of pulse or ac waveforms.
Capabilities
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
♦
Output Voltage and Current control with 12-bit programming resolution
Extensive measurement capability:
dc voltage and current.
rms and peak voltage and current (HP 66332A only).
16-bit measurement resolution (low range accurate down to 2 microamperes).
Triggered acquisition of digitized current and voltage waveforms (HP 66332A
only).
Front panel control with 14-character vacuum fluorescent display, keypad, and rotary
control for voltage and current settings.
Built-in HP-IB and RS-232 interface programming with SCPI command language.
Non-volatile state storage and recall.
Over-voltage, over-current, over-temperature, and RI/DFI protection features.
Extensive selftest, status reporting, and software calibration.
Front Panel Controls
The front panel has both rotary (RPG) and keypad controls for setting the output voltage and
current. The panel display provides digital readouts of a number of output measurements.
Annunciators display the operating status of the dc source. System keys let you perform system
functions such as setting the HP-IB address and recalling operating states. Front panel Function
keys access the dc source function menus. Front panel Entry keys let you select and enter
parameter values. Refer to chapter 5 for a complete description of the front panel controls.
Remote Programming
NOTE:
When shipped, HP 6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B units are set to the
Compatibility programming language; HP 66332A units are set to the SCPI
programming language.
To change the programming language from Compatibility to SCPI, press the
front panel Address key, use ô to scroll to the LANG command, press Ì to
select SCPI, then press Enter. Refer to the Programming Guide supplied with
your dc source for further information about remote programming.
The dc source may be remotely programmed via the HP-IB bus and/or from an RS-232 serial
port. HP-IB programming is with SCPI commands (Standard Commands for Programmable
Instruments), which make the dc source programs compatible with those of other HP-IB
instruments. Compatibility commands are also included to make the dc source compatible with
19
2 – General Information
the HP 6632A, 6633A, and 6634A Series dc power supplies (refer to appendix D in the the
Programming Guide). Dc source status registers allow remote monitoring of a wide variety of dc
source operating conditions.
Output Characteristic
The dc source’s output characteristic is shown in the following figure. The output of the dc
source may be adjusted to any value within the boundaries shown.
Output
Voltage
CV operating line
Vmax
VSET
1
CC operating line
2
+
-Imax
-ISET
0
ISET
Imax
Output
Current
Figure 2-1. Dc Source Output Characteristic
The dc source can operate in either constant voltage (CV) or constant current (CC) over the rated
output voltage and current. Although the dc source can operate in either mode, it is designed as a
constant voltage source. This means that the unit turns on in constant voltage mode with the
output voltage rising to its Vset value. There is no command for constant current operation. The
only way to turn the unit on in constant current mode is by placing a short across the output and
then enabling or turning the output on.
Note that the dc source cannot be programmed to operate in a specific mode. After initial turnon, the operating mode of the unit will be determined by the voltage setting, the current setting,
and the load resistance. In figure 2-1, operating point 1 is defined by the load line traversing the
positive operating quadrant in the constant voltage region. Operating point 2 is defined by the
load line traversing the positive operating quadrant in the constant current region.
Figure 2-1 also shows a single range − two quadrant capability. This means that the dc source is
capable of sourcing as well as sinking current over the output voltage range from zero volts to the
rated maximum. The negative quadrant is identical to the positive quadrant. However, the
negative current cannot be set independently; it tracks the value programmed for the positive
current. Thus, if the positive current is set to 1 A, the negative current is also set to 1 A.
NOTE:
If you attempt to operate the dc source beyond its output ratings, the output of
the unit will become unregulated. This is indicated by the UNR annunciator on
the front panel. The output may also become unregulated if the ac input voltage
drops below the minimum rating specified in Appendix A.
Appendix A documents the dc source’s specifications and supplemental characteristics.
20
3
Installation
Inspection
Damage
When you receive your dc source, inspect it for any obvious damage that may have occurred
during shipment. If there is damage, notify the shipping carrier and the nearest HP Sales and
Support Office immediately. The list of HP Sales and Support Offices is at the back of this guide.
Warranty information is printed in the front of this guide.
Packaging Material
Until you have checked out the dc source, save the shipping carton and packing materials in case
the unit has to be returned. If you return the dc source for service, attach a tag identifying the
model number and the owner. Also include a brief description of the problem.
Items Supplied
The following user-replaceable items are included with your dc source. Some of these items are
installed in the unit.
Table 3-1. Items Supplied
Item
Part Number
Description
Power Cord
contact nearest
HP Sales and
Support Office
A power cord appropriate for your location.
Digital connector
1252-1488A
4-terminal digital plug that connects to the back of the unit.
Output cover
06624-20007
Safety cover that installs over the output screw terminals.
Terminal block screws
N/A
6-32 X 3/8 inch screws.
Line Fuse
2110-0055
2110-0002
4 A for 100/120 Vac operation
2 A for 220/230 Vac operation
Feet
5041-8801
User's Guide
5962-8196
Contains installation, checkout, and front panel information.
Programming Guide
5962-8198
Contains detailed HP-IB programming information.
feet for bench mounting
Cleaning
Use a dry cloth or one slightly dampened with water to clean the external case parts. Do not
attempt to clean internally.
WARNING:
To prevent electric shock, unplug the unit before cleaning.
21
3 - Installation
Location
The outline diagram in figure 3-1 gives the dimensions of your dc source. The dc source must be
installed in a location that allows sufficient space at the sides and back of the unit for adequate air
circulation (see Bench Operation).
Bench Operation
A fan cools the dc source by drawing air in through the sides and exhausting it out the back.
Minimum clearances for bench operation are 1 inch (25 mm) along the sides. Do not block the fan
exhaust at the rear of the unit.
Rack Mounting
The dc source can be mounted in a standard 19-inch rack panel or cabinet. Table 2-1 documents
the HP part numbers for the various rack mounting options that are available for the dc source.
Installation instructions are included with each rack mount option.
NOTE:
Support rails or an instrument shelf is required when rack mounting units.
Figure 3-1. Outline Diagram
22
Installation - 3
Input Connections
Connect the Power Cord
1. Unscrew the line fuse cap from the rear panel and verify that the fuse rating matches what is
specified on the FUSES label on the rear panel. Reinstall the fuse. (See table 3-1 for fuse part
numbers.)
2. Connect the power cord to the IEC 320 connector on the rear of the unit. If the wrong power
cord was shipped with your unit, contact your nearest HP Sales and Support Office (refer to
the list at the back of this guide) to obtain the correct cord.
Output Connections
The output terminal block has connections for the + and − output, the + and − sense inputs, and an
earth ground terminal. The terminal block screws are 6-32 X 3/8 inch. Remove the safety cover by
inserting a flat bladed screwdriver in the opening on the left side of the cover and pushing the
locking tab to the left. This will release the cover.
Optional front panel binding posts are available to connect load wires for bench operation. The
front panel binding posts are paralleled with the rear panel + and − connections. Before using the
front panel binding posts, make sure that the output terminals are jumpered for local sensing.
NOTE:
Front panel binding posts are provided for convenience. Only the rear panel
terminals are optimized for noise, regulation, and transient response as
documented in Appendix A.
Wire Considerations
To minimize the possibility of instability on the output,
♦
♦
keep load leads as short as possible
bundle or twist the leads tightly together to minimize inductance
Current Ratings
Fire Hazard
To satisfy safety requirements, load wires must be large enough not to overheat
when carrying the maximum short-circuit current of the dc source. If there is more
than one load, then any pair of load wires must be capable of safely carrying the
full-rated current of the dc source.
The following table lists the characteristics of AWG (American Wire Gage) copper wire.
Table 3-2. Ampacity and Resistance of Stranded Copper Conductors
AWG No.
Ampacity (in free air)
20
18
16
14
12
8.33
15.4
19.4
31.2
40
Resistance (at 20 deg. C)
Ω /m
Ω /ft
0.0345
0.01054
0.0217
0.00663
0.0137
0.00417
0.0086
0.00262
0.0054
0.00165
23
3 - Installation
Voltage Drops
The load wires must also be large enough to avoid excessive voltage drops due to the impedance of
the wires. In general, if the wires are heavy enough to carry the maximum short circuit current
without overheating, excessive voltage drops will not be a problem. The voltage drops across the
load wires should be limited to less than two volts. Refer to Table 3-2 to calculate the voltage drop
for some commonly used AWG copper wire.
Multiple Load Connections
When the unit is in local sensing mode and you are connecting multiple loads to the output, connect
each load to the output terminals using separate load leads. This minimizes mutual coupling
effects and takes full advantage of the dc source's low output impedance. Each pair of wires should
be as short as possible and twisted or bundled to reduce lead inductance and noise pickup.
If cabling considerations require the use of distribution terminals that are located remotely from the
dc source, connect the dc source’s output terminals to the remote distribution terminals by a pair of
twisted or bundled wires. Connect each load to the distribution terminals separately. Remote
voltage sensing is recommended under these circumstances. Sense either at the remote distribution
terminals, or if one load is more sensitive than the others, sense directly at the critical load.
-
+S
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
+
-
-S
twist or bundle
each pair
LOAD 1
LOAD 2
LOAD 3
Figure 3-2. Multiple Load Connections
Remote Sense Connections
24
Installation - 3
Under normal operation, the dc source senses the output voltage at the output terminals on the back
of the unit. External sense terminals are available on the back of the unit that allow the output
voltages to be sensed at the load, compensating for impedance losses in the load wiring. You
cannot remote sense at the optional front panel binding posts.
The output terminal block of the unit is shipped configured for local sensing, with the +S terminal
jumpered to +, and the − S terminal jumpered to − . Remove these jumpers when making your sense
wire connections. The terminal block screws are 6-32 X 3/8 inch.
Sense Leads
The sense leads are part of the dc source's feedback path and must be kept at a low resistance (less
than several ohms) to maintain optimal performance. Connect the sense leads carefully so that they
do not become open-circuited. If the sense leads are left unconnected or become open during
operation, the dc source will regulate at the output terminals, resulting in a 3% to 5% increase in
output over the programmed value. Shorting the sense leads trips the OVP circuit.
NOTE:
It is good engineering practice to twist and shield all signal wires to and from the
sense connectors. Connect the shield at the dc source end only. Do not use the
shield as one of the sensing conductors.
remove
sense
jumpers
-
+S
twisted or
shielded pair
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
+
-
-S
-
LOAD
+
Figure 3-3. Remote Sense Connections
The overvoltage protection circuit senses voltage near the output terminals, not at the load.
Therefore the signal sensed by the OVP circuit can be significantly higher than the actual voltage
25
3 - Installation
at the load. When using remote sensing, you must program the OVP trip voltage high enough to
compensate for the voltage drop between the output terminals and the load. Also, if the sum of the
programmed voltage and the load-lead drop exceeds the dc source's maximum voltage rating, this
may also trip the OV protection circuit.
Stability
When the unit is configured for remote sensing, it is possible for the impedance of the load wires
and the capacitance of the load to form a filter, which becomes part of the unit's feedback loop.
This can degrade the unit's stability and result in poor transient response performance. In extreme
cases it may also cause oscillations. The wiring guidelines previously discussed under "Wire
Considerations" will eliminate most stability problems associated with load lead inductance. If
additional measures are required:
♦
♦
keep the load capacitance as small as possible
use larger diameter load wires to reduce resistance
OVP Considerations
The dc source's OVP circuit contains a crowbar SCR, which effectively shorts the output of the dc
source whenever the OVP trips. If an external voltage source such as a battery is connected across
the output and the OVP is inadvertently triggered, the SCR will continuously sink a large current
from the battery, possibly damaging the dc source.
To avoid this, program the OVP setting to its maximum value to prevent it from inadvertently
tripping. Additionally, an internal fuse is connected in series with the SCR. This fuse will open to
prevent large currents from damaging the SCR. If this internal fuse has opened, The FS status
annunciator will be set. Refer to the Service Manual for instructions about replacing this fuse.
In addition, the OVP circuit's SCR crowbar has been designed to discharge capacitances up to a
specific limit. These limits are:
HP 6631B
127,000 µF.
HP 6632B and 66322A
50,000 µF.
HP 6633B
20,000 µF.
HP 6634B
10,000 µF.
If your load capacitance approaches this limit, it is recommended that you do not intentionally trip
the OVP and discharge the capacitance through the SCR as part of your normal testing procedure,
as this may lead to long-term failure of some components.
26
Installation - 3
Fast/Normal Operation
A switch on the rear of the unit lets you switch between operating in either Fast mode or Normal
mode. When set to Fast mode, this switch disconnects the output capacitor that is located inside the
unit. Fast mode lets you improve or enhance certain operating characteristics; while at the same
time degrading other operating characteristics.
1. In Fast mode, the programming time for voltage programming is faster than for normal
operation, however, output noise is greater.
2. In Fast mode, the absence of the internal output capacitor results in increased output
impedance and therefore, greater stability when driving inductive loads. Conversely, the
addition of external capacitive loads in Fast mode will reduce the stability of the unit during
constant voltage operation.
3. In Normal mode, the internal output capacitor helps control peak voltage excursions away
from the the nominal value for sudden changes in load current. In Fast mode, larger peak
voltage excursions will show up at the output of the unit during sudden load current changes.
Capacitive Loading
In Normal mode, the dc source will be stable for many load capacitances, however, large load
capacitances may cause ringing in the dc source’s transient response. If this occurs, the problem
may be solved by increasing or decreasing the total load capacitance.
In Fast mode, the dc source can maintain stability only for small capacitive loads. These limits are:
HP 6631B
2.2 µF.
HP 6632B and 66322A
1.0 µF.
HP 6633B
0.22 µF.
HP 6634B
0.10 µF.
Inductive Loading
Fast mode is recommended for driving inductive loads, although you will typically experience
stable conditions in Normal mode. Inductive loads present no loop-stability problems in constant
voltage operation, but may cause problems in constant current operation if the load impedance is
outside the boundaries mentioned below.
The ratio of the load inductance (L) to the sum of the Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR) for the
load (R1) and dc source (Rs), determines whether the source can drive a load without becoming
unstable. To help determine this ratio, the value of Rs is listed as:
HP 6631B
0.1 ohm.
HP 6632B and 66322A
0.2 ohm.
HP 6633B
1.0 ohm.
HP 6634B
2.0 ohm.
If the ratio L/(R1 + Rs) is less than 0.005, the dc source can reliably drive the load.
INH/FLT Connections
27
3 - Installation
This rear panel connector, has a fault output port and an inhibit input port. The fault (FLT) output,
also referred to as the DFI (discrete fault indicator) signal in the front panel and SCPI commands,
is an open collector circuit that pulls the positive output low with respect to the negative (chassis
referenced) common. The high impedance inhibit (INH) input, also referred to as the RI (remote
inhibit) signal in the front panel and SCPI commands, is used to shut down the power supply
output whenever the INH + is pulled low with respect to INH (chassis referenced) common.
The connector accepts wires sizes from AWG 22 to AWG 12. Disconnect the mating plug to make
your wire connections.
NOTE:
It is good engineering practice to twist and shield all signal wires to and from the
digital connectors. If shielded wire is used, connect only one end of the shield to
chassis ground to prevent ground loops.
Figure 3-4 shows how you can connect the FLT/INH circuits of the dc source.
In example A, the INH input connects to a switch that shorts the Inhibit pin (+) to common
whenever it is necessary to disable output of the unit. This activates the remote inhibit (RI) circuit,
which turns off the dc output. The front panel Prot annunciator comes on and the RI bit is set in
the Questionable Status Event register. To re-enable the unit, first open the connection between
pins INH + and common and then clear the protection circuit. This can be done either from the
front panel or over the HP-IB/RS-232.
In example B, the FLT output of one unit is connected to the INH input of another unit. A fault
condition in one of the units will disable all of them without intervention either by the controller or
external circuitry. The controller can be made aware of the fault via a service request (SRQ)
generated by the Questionable Status summary bit. Note that the FLT output can also be used to
drive an external relay circuit or signal other devices whenever a user-definable fault occurs.
Digital I/O Connections
As shown in Table 3-3 and Figure 3-5, the FLT/INH connector can also be configured as a digital
I/O port. Information on programming the digital I/O port is found in chapter 5 and under
[SOURce:]DIGital:DATA and [SOURce:]DIGital: FUNCtion commands in the Programming
Guide. The electrical characteristics of the digital connector are described in appendix A.
Table 3-3. FLT/INH DIGital I/O Connector
PIN
1
2
3
4
28
FAULT/INHIBIT
FLT Output
FLT Common
INH Input
INH Common
DIGITAL I/O
Output 0
Output 1
Input/Output 2
Common
Installation - 3
FLT
INH
....
NOTE: Connectors
are removable
+ - +
1 2 3 4
FLT Output
FLT
INH
....
INH Input
+ - +
1 2 3 4
1 2 3 4
INH Input
INH Common
Switch
(Normally
Open)
INH Input
FLT Output
B) FLT Example with Multiple Units
A) INH Example with One Unit
Figure 3-4. FLT/INH Examples
NOTE: Connectors
are removable
FLT
+16.5V Max.
INH
Digital Output
Ports 0, 1, 2
. . . .
Coil Current
+-+
1 2 3 4
TTL, AS, CMOS, HC
0.25A Max.
Relay Driver
Ports 0, 1, 2
(contains internal
clamp diodes for
inductive flyback)
A) Relay Circuits
Digital Input
Port 2
B) Digital Interface Circuits
Figure 3-5. Digital I/O Examples
29
3 - Installation
Controller Connections
The dc source connects to a controller either through an HP-IB or an RS-232 connector.
HP-IB Interface
Each dc source has its own HP-IB bus address, which can be set using the front panel Address
key as described in chapter 5. HP-IB address data is stored in non-volatile memory. The dc source
is shipped with its HP-IB address set to 5.
Dc sources may be connected to the HP-IB interface in series configuration, star configuration, or
a combination of the two, provided the following rules are observed:
♦
♦
♦
♦
The total number of devices including the controller is no more than 15.
The total length of all cables used is no more than 2 meters times the number of devices
connected together, up to a maximum of 20 meters. (Refer to table 2-2 for a list of HP-IB
cables available from Hewlett-Packard.)
Do not stack more than three connector blocks together on any HP-IB connector.
Make sure all connectors are fully seated and the lock screws are firmly finger-tightened.
RS-232 Interface
The dc source has an RS-232 programming interface, which is activated by commands located in
the front panel Address menu. All SCPI and COMPatibility commands are available through RS232 programming. When the RS-232 interface is selected, the HP-IB interface is disabled.
The RS-232 connector is a DB-9, male connector. Adapters are available to connect the dc source
to any computer or terminal with a properly configured DB-25 connector (see Table 2-2).
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
Figure 3-5. RS-232 Connector
Pin
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
30
Input/Output
Input
Output
Output
Common
Input
Output
Input
-
Description
no connection
Receive Data (RxD)
Transmit Data (TxD)
Data Terminal Ready (DTR)
Signal ground
Data Set Ready (DSR)
Request to Send (RQS)
Clear to Send (CTS)
no connection
4
Turn-On Checkout
Introduction
Successful tests in this chapter provide a high degree of confidence that the dc source is operating
properly. For verification tests, see appendix B. Complete performance tests are given in the
Service Guide.
NOTE:
This chapter provides a preliminary introduction to the dc source front panel. See
chapter 5 for more details.
Using the Keypad
(shift)
p
and
Some of the front panel keys perform two functions, one labeled in black and the
other in blue. You access the blue function by first pressing the blue
shift key.
Release the key after you press it. The Shift annunciator will be on, indicating that
you have access to any key's shifted function.
q
These keys let you scroll up and down through the choices in the presently selected
function menu. All menu lists are circular; you can return to the starting position by
continuously pressing either key.
ã
and
ä
These keys let you select the previous or the next parameter for a specific command. If
the command has a numeric range, these keys increment or decrement the existing
value. In meter mode, these keys can be used to adjust the magnitude of the output
voltage or current. Only the flashing digit is changed by these keys. Use the á and
â keys to move the flashing digit.
á
and
â
These Entry keys move the flashing digit in a numeric entry field to the right or left.
This lets you increment or decrement a specific digit in the entry field using the ã
and ä keys or the RPG knob.
Back space
The backspace key is an erase key. If you make a mistake entering a digit and have
not yet pressed Enter, you can delete the digit by pressing Backspace. Delete more
digits by repeatedly pressing this key.
Enter
Executes the entered value or parameter of the presently accessed command. Until you
press this key, the parameters you enter with the other keys are displayed but not
entered into the dc source. After pressing Enter, the dc source returns to Meter mode.
31
4 - Turn-On Checkout
Checkout Procedure
The test in this section checks for output voltage and current on the dc source.
NOTE:
To perform the checkout procedure, you will need a wire for shorting the output
terminals together.
The following procedure assumes that the unit turns on in the factory-default state. If you need
more information about the factory default state, refer to the *RST command in chapter 4 of the
Programming Guide. Note that the values shown in the Display column may not exactly match the
values that appear on the front panel of your unit.
If you have not already done so, connect the power cord to the unit and plug it in.
Table 4-1. Checkout Programming Values
Model
6631B
Voltage
8
OV Prot
8.8
Current
10
6632B/66332A
6633B
6634B
20
50
100
22
55
110
5
2
1
Procedure
1.
Display
Turn the unit on. The dc
source undergoes a selftest when you first turn it
on.
NOTE:
**********
ADDRESS 5
0.2410V .0006A
Note:
This checkout procedure is written for
models
6632B and 66332A. If you have another
model, enter the correct values from the table
Where the procedure calls for an <input>.
Explanation
During selftest, all display segments are briefly
lit, followed by the HP-IB Address. The display
then goes into meter mode with the Dis
annunciator on, and all others off. In Meter
mode the *****V digits indicate the output
voltage and the *****A digits indicate the
output current. The flashing digit on the display
indicates the digit that will be affected if changes
are made to the displayed values using the rotary
control or the ã and ä keys. You will only see
the changes if the output is ON.
Press the Meter key to exit a menu at any time and return to meter mode. If the Err
annunciator on the display is on, press the Shift key followed by the Error key to
see the error number. See table 4-2 at the end of this chapter.
2.
Check that the dc source
fan is on
3.
Press Voltage,
<2, 0>, Enter
VOLT 0.000
VOLT <20>
Programs the output to the selected voltage.
After the value is entered, the display returns to
Meter mode. Because the output has not been
enabled, the meter still indicates 0 volts.
4.
Press Output On/Off
<20.003V>
0.0006A
Turns the output on. The Dis annunciator should
be off and CV should be on.
5.
Press Shift, OV
32
You should be able to hear the fan and feel the
air coming from the back of the unit.
VOLT:PROT
<22.00>
Display shows the overvoltage protection trip
voltage for your unit.
Turn-On Checkout - 4
Procedure
6.
Press 5, Enter
Display
VOLT:PROT 5
0.449V
0.145A
Explanation
Programs the OVP to 5 volts, which is less than
the previously set output voltage.
Because the OVP voltage entered was less than
the output voltage, the OVP circuit tripped. The
output dropped to zero, CV turned off, and Prot
turned on.
7.
Press Shift, OV,
<2, 2>, Enter
8.
Press Shift, Prot Clear
9.
Press Output on/off
Turn the output off.
10.
Connect a jumper wire
across the + and - output
terminals.
Shorts the output of the unit.
11.
Press Output on/off.
0.0005V
<0.5005>A
The CC annunciator is on, indicating that the
unit is in constant current mode. The unit is
sourcing output current at 10% of the maximum
rating (the default output current limit setting).
12.
Press Current, <5>,
Enter.
0.0452V
<5.002>A
Programs the output current to the selected
amperes.
13.
Press Shift, OCP
0.0005V
0.0003A
You enabled the overcurrent protection circuit.
The circuit then tripped because the unit was
operating in constant current mode. The CC
annunciator turns off and the OCP and Prot
annunciators come on.
14.
Press Shift, OCP
0.0005V
0.0003A
You have disabled the overcurrent protection
circuit. The OCP annunciator turns off.
15.
Press Shift, Prot Clear
16.
Turn the unit off and
remove the shorting wire
from the output terminals.
VOLT:PROT <22>
Programs the OVP to a value greater than the
output voltage setting of the unit. This prevents
the OV circuit from tripping again when the
protection condition is cleared.
<20.003V>
0.0034A
Clears the protection condition, thus restoring
the output of the unit. Prot turns off and CV
turns on.
0.0452V
<5.002A>
Restores the output. The Prot annunciator turns
off. CC is on.
The next time the unit turns on it will be
restored to the *RST or factory default state.
33
4 - Turn-On Checkout
In Case of Trouble
Error Messages
Dc source failure may occur during power-on selftest or during operation. In either case, the
display may show an error message that indicates the reason for the failure.
Selftest Errors
Pressing the Shift, Error keys will show the error number. Selftest error messages appear as:
ERROR <n> where "n" is a number listed in the following table. If this occurs, turn the power off
and then back on to see if the error persists. If the error message persists, the dc source requires
service.
Table 4-2. Power-On Selftest Errors
Error No.
Failed Test
Error 0
Error 1
No error
Non-volatile RAM RD0 section checksum failed
Error 2
Error 3
Error 4
Error 5
Error 10
Error 11 to 14
Error 15
Error 80
Non-volatile RAM CONFIG section checksum failed
Non-volatile RAM CAL section checksum failed
Non-volatile RAM STATE section checksum failed
Non-volatile RST section checksum failed
RAM selftest
VDAC/IDAC selftest 1 to 4
OVDAC selftest
Digital I/O selftest error
Runtime Error Messages
Appendix C lists other error messages that may appear at runtime. If the front panel display shows
OVLD , this indicates that the output voltage or current is beyond the range of the meter readback
circuit. If the front panel display indicates -- -- -- -- -- -- , an HP-IB measurement is in progress.
Line Fuse
If the dc source appears "dead" with a blank display and the fan not running, check your power
source to be certain line voltage is being supplied to the dc source. If the power source is normal,
the dc source fuse may be defective.
1. Turn off the front panel power switch and unplug the power cord.
2. Remove the fuse from the rear panel.
3. If the fuse is defective, replace it with a fuse of the same type (see "Input Connections" in
chapter 3).
4. Turn on the dc source and check the operation.
NOTE:
34
If the dc source has a defective fuse, replace it only once. If it fails again, the dc
source requires service.
5
Front panel Operation
Introduction
Here is what you will find in this chapter:
♦
a complete description of the front panel controls
♦
front panel programming examples
NOTE:
The dc source must be in set to Local mode to use the front panel controls. Press
the Local key on the front panel to put the unit in local mode.
Front Panel Description
2
1
5
3
4
6
7
8
Figure 5-1. Front Panel, Overall View
35
5 - Front Panel Operation
j Display
14-character vacuum fluorescent display for showing output measurements
and programmed values.
k
Annunciators light to indicate operating modes and status conditions:
CV The dc source output is in constant-voltage mode.
CC The dc source output is in constant-current mode.
Unr The dc source output is in an unregulated state.
Dis The dc source output is disabled (off).
OCP The overcurrent protection state is enabled.
Prot One of the dc source's output protection features is activated.
Cal The dc source is in calibration mode.
Shift The Shift key is pressed to access an alternate key function.
Rmt The selected interface (HP-IB or RS-232) is in a remote state.
Addr The interface is addressed to talk or to listen.
Err There is a message in the SCPI error queue.
SRQ The interface is requesting service from the controller.
Annunciators
l Rotary Control
The rotary control lets you set the output voltage or current as well as menu
parameters. Press á and â to select the resolution, then adjust the value
with the knob.
m Output
Optional front panel binding posts let you connect loads to the front of the
unit. Before using the front panel binding posts, make sure that the output
terminals are jumpered for Local sensing.
Connectors
n Line
o System Keys
This turns the dc source on or off.
p
Function Keys
Function access command menus that let you:
Enable or disable the output
Select metering functions
Program output voltage and current
Display the protection status state
Set and clear protection functions
Set the output state at power-on
Calibrate the dc source
p and q scroll through the front panel menu commands
q
Entry Keys
Entry keys let you:
Enter programming values
Increment or decrement programming values
ã and ä select the front panel menu parameters
36
The system keys let you:
Return to Local mode (front panel control)
Set the dc source HP-IB address
Set the RS-232 interface communication baud rate and parity bit
Display SCPI error codes and clear the error queue
Save and recall up to 4 instrument operating configurations
Front Panel Operation - 5
System Keys
Refer to the examples later in this chapter for more details on the use of these keys.
SYSTEM
Local
Error
Address
Save
Recall
Shift
Figure 5-2. System Keys
This is the blue, unlabeled key, which is also shown as Shift in this guide.
Pressing this key accesses the alternate or shifted function of a key (such as
ERROR ). Release the key after you press it. The Shift annunciator is lit,
indicating that the shifted keys are active.
Local
Press to change the dc source's selected interface from remote operation to local
(front panel) operation. Pressing the key will have no effect if the interface state is
already Local, Local-with-Lockout, or Remote-with-Lockout.
Address
Press to access the system address menu. This menu lets you configure the dc
source's interface. Address Menu entries are stored in non-volatile memory.
Display
Command Function
ADDRESS <value>
Sets the HP-IB Address
INTF <char>
Selects an interface (HPIB or RS232)
BAUDRATE<value>
Selects baud rate (300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600)
PARITY <char>
Message parity (NONE, EVEN, ODD, MARK, SPACE)
FLOW <char>
Flow control (XON-XOFF, RTS-CTS, DTR-DSR, NONE)
LANG <char>I
Selects language (SCPI or COMP)
value = a numeric value
char = a character string parameter
Use p
and q
to scroll through the command list.
Use ã
and ä
to scroll through the parameter list.
Recall
Press to place the dc source into a previously stored state. You can recall up to 4
(0 through 3) previously stored states.
Shift
Error
Press to display the system error codes stored in the SCPI error queue. This action
also clears the queue. If there is no error in the queue, 0 is displayed.
Shift
Save
Press to store an existing dc source state in non-volatile memory. The parameters
saved are listed under *SAV in the dc source Programming Guide. You can save
up to 4 states (0 through 3).
37
5 - Front Panel Operation
Function Keys
Refer to the examples later in this chapter for more details on the use of these keys.
FUNCTION
Input
Meter
OV
Voltage
OCP
Current
Prot Clear
Protect
Cal
Output
Output
on/off
Figure 5-3. Function Keys
Immediate Action Keys
Immediate action keys immediately execute their corresponding function when pressed. Other
function keys have commands underneath them that are accessed when the key is pressed.
Output
On/Off
This key toggles the output of the dc source between the on and off states. It
immediately executes its function as soon as you press it. When off, the dc source
output is disabled and the Dis annunciator is on.
Shift
Prot Clr
Press this key to reset the protection circuit and allow the unit to return to its last
programmed state. The condition that caused the protection circuit to become
active must be removed prior to pressing this key, or the unit will shut down
again and display the Prot annunciator again. (If FS protection is displayed on
the front panel, the unit must be opened and an internal fuse replaced as
described in the Service manual.)
Shift
OCP
Press this key to toggle between OCP enabled and disabled. If OCP is enabled
the output will become disabled if the output mode changes from CV to CC
mode. The OCP annunciator indicates the state of OCP.
Scrolling Keys
Scrolling keys let you move through the commands in the presently selected function menu.
•
‚
Press q
to bring up the next command in the list. Press p
to go back
to the previous command in the list. Function menus are circular; you can return
to the starting position by continuously pressing either key. The following
example shows the commands in the Input function menu:
q
q
38
CURR:RANGE <char>
CURR:DET <char>
Front Panel Operation - 5
Metering Keys
Metering keys control the metering functions of the dc source. When the unit is operating in front
panel meter mode, all front panel measurements are calculated from a total of 2048 readings taken
at a 46.8 microsecond sampling rate. Therefore, the total acquisition time for a single front panel
measurement is about 100 milliseconds. Refer to “Making Front Panel Measurements” for more
information.
NOTE:
You can vary the both the sampling rate and the number of data points in each
measurement when controlling the unit over the HP-IB interface. (Refer to chapter
3 in the Programming Guide).
Meter
Shift
Press this key to access the meter menu list. Also use this key to exit a menu at
any time and return to meter mode.
Input
Display
Measurement
<reading>V
<reading>A
Measures output dc voltage and current
<reading>V MAX
Measures peak output voltage1
<reading>V MIN
Measures minimum output voltage1
<reading>V HIGH
Measures the high level of a voltage pulse waveform1
<reading>V LOW
Measures the low level of a voltage pulse waveform1
<reading>V RMS
Measures rms voltage1
<reading>A MAX
Measures peak output current1
<reading>A MIN
Measures minimum output current1
<reading>A HIGH
Measures the high level of a current pulse waveform1
<reading>A LOW
Measures the low level of a current pulse waveform1
<reading>A RMS
Measures rms current1
Press this key to access the following metering functions.
Display
Command Function
CURR:RANGE <char>
Select current range (AUTO, LOW or HIGH)
CURR:DET <char>
Select current measurement bandwidth (ACDC or DC)1
Notes:
1
Available on HP Model 66332A in SCPI language mode only.
reading = the returned measurement
value = a numeric value
char = a character string parameter
Use p
and q
to scroll through the menu commands.
Use ã
and ä
to scroll through the menu parameters.
Use á
and â
to select a digit in a numeric entry field.
39
5 - Front Panel Operation
Output Control Keys
Output control keys control the output functions of the dc source.
Voltage
Press this key to access the voltage menu.
Current
Display
Command Function
VOLT <value>
Sets the output voltage
Press this key to access the current menu.
Output
Display
Command Function
CURR <value>
Sets the output current
Press this key to access the output menu list.
Protect
Display
Command Function
*RST
Places the dc source in the factory-default state
PON:STATE <char>
Select the power-on state command (RST or RCL0)1
RI <char>
Sets the remote inhibit mode (LATCHING, LIVE, or OFF)1
DFI <char>
Sets the discrete fault indicator state (ON or OFF)
DFI:SOUR <char>
Selects the DFI source (QUES, OPER, ESB, RQS, or OFF)2
PORT <char>
Sets the output port functions (RIDFI or DIGIO)1
DIGIO <char>
Sets and reads the I/O port value (0 through 7)
RELAY <char>
Set relay state independent of output (``ON'' or ``OFF'')
REL:POL <char>
Set relay polarity (``NORM'' or ``REV'').
PROT:DLY <value>
Sets the output protection delay in seconds
Press this key to display protection status.
Display
Command Function
OC OT OV RI FS
Status of the protection features (example shows all tripped)
-Shift
Shift
OV
Cal
--
--
--
--
Status of the protection features (example shows none
tripped)
Press this key to access the overvoltage protection menu.
Display
Command Function
VOLT:PROT <value>
Sets overvoltage protection level
This key accesses the calibration menu (Refer to Appendix B to calibrate your dc
source).
Notes:
1
These parameters are stored in non-volatile memory
2
These status summary bits are explained in chapter 3 of the Programming Guide
value = a numeric value
char = a character string parameter
Use p
and q
to scroll through the menu commands.
Use ã
and ä
to scroll through the menu parameters.
Use á
and â
to select a digit in a numeric entry field.
40
Front Panel Operation - 5
Entry Keys
Refer to the examples later in this chapter for more details on the use of these keys.
ENTRY
7
8
9
4
5
6
1
2
3
0
.
-
Clear
Entry
Enter
Back
space
Figure 5-4. Entry Keys
ã
ä
á
â
0
.
,
9
−
These keys let you scroll through choices in a parameter list that apply to a
specific command. Parameter lists are circular; you can return to the starting
position by continuously pressing either key. If the command has a numeric
range, these keys increment or decrement the existing value. In meter mode, these
keys can be used to adjust the magnitude of the output voltage or current. Only
the flashing digit is changed by these keys. Use the á and â
keys to move
the flashing digit.
These keys move the flashing digit in a numeric entry field to the right or left.
This lets you increment or decrement a specific digit in the entry field using the
ã and ä keys or the RPG knob.
0 through 9 are used for entering numeric values. . is the decimal point. − is the
minus sign. For example, to enter 33.6 press: Enter Number, 3, 3, . , 6,
Enter.
Back space
The backspace key deletes the last digit entered from the keypad. This key lets
you correct one or more wrong digits before they are entered.
Shift
This key aborts a keypad entry by clearing the value. This key is convenient for
correcting a wrong value or aborting a value entry. The display then returns to
the previously set function.
Clear Entry
Enter
This key executes the entered value or parameter of the presently accessed
command. Until you press this key, the parameters you enter with the other Entry
keys are displayed but not entered into the dc source. Before pressing Enter, you
can change or abort anything previously entered into the display. After Enter is
pressed, the dc source returns to Meter mode.
41
5 - Front Panel Operation
Examples of Front Panel Programming
You will find these examples on the following pages:
1 Setting the output voltage and current
2 Querying and clearing output protection
3 Making front panel measurements
4 Programming the digital port
5 Programming the output relay (Option 760 only)
6 Setting the HP-IB address or RS-232 parameters
7 Saving and recalling operating states
Similar examples are given in the dc source Programming Guide using SCPI commands.
1 - Setting the Output Voltage and Current
Set the output voltage
Action
Display
1.
To enter an approximate value without using the voltage menu: On the Entry
keypad, press á or â to select the 1's digit in the voltage field. Then rotate
the front panel RPG knob to obtain 7 V.
If the unit is in CC mode, you won't see the output voltage change until the
voltage setting is low enough to cause the unit to go into CV mode.
7.003V 0.004A
2.
The easiest way to enter an accurate value: On the Function keypad, press
Voltage. On the Entry keypad, press 7, Enter.
VOLT 7.000
3.
To make minor changes to an existing value: On the Function keypad, press
Voltage. On the Entry keypad, press á or â to select the digit in the
numeric field that you wish to change. For example, move the flashing digit
to the ones column to change a value in this column. Then, press ã to scroll
from 7.000 to 8.000. Then press Enter.
VOLT 8.000
Set the output current
Action
Display
1.
To enter an approximate value without using the current menu: On the Entry
keypad, press á or â to select the tenths digit in the current field. Rotate the
front panel RPG knob to obtain 0.9A.
If the unit is in CV mode, you won't see the output current change until the
current setting is low enough to cause the unit to go into CC mode.
8.003V 0.900A
2.
The easiest way to enter an accurate value: On the Function keypad, press
Current. On the Entry keypad, press ., 9, Enter.
CURR 0.900
3.
To make minor changes to an existing value: On the Function keypad, press
Current. On the Entry keypad, press á or â to select the digit in the
numeric field that you wish to change. For example, move the flashing digit
to the tenths column to change a value in this column. Then, press ã to
scroll from 0.900 to 1.000. Then press Enter.
CURR 1.000
Enable the output
1.
42
Action
Display
On the Function keypad, press Output On/Off to enable the output. The
Dis annunciator will go off, indicating that the voltage is now applied to the
output terminals. The A display indicates the actual output current.
8.003V 1.000A
Front Panel Operation - 5
2 - Querying and Clearing Output Protection
The dc source will disable its output if it detects an overvoltage or overcurrent fault condition.
Other automatic fault conditions (such as overtemperature) also will disable the output.
Query and clear the dc source overcurrent protection feature as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Protect. In this example, OC indicates that
an overcurrent condition has occurred. Other protection indicators are: OT
(overtemperature), OV (overvoltage), RI (remote inhibit), and FS (internal
fuse is open).
OC -- -- -- --
2.
On the Function keypad, press Current. This displays the present output
current limit. (10% of the maximum rating is the default current limit
setting).
3.
To restore normal operation after the cause of the overcurrent condition has
been removed, press Shift, Prot Clr. The OCP annunciator then will go
off.
CURR 0.2045
(2 amp unit)
3 - Making Front Panel Measurements
When the dc source is operating in front panel meter mode, all front panel measurements are
calculated from a total of 2048 readings taken at a 46.8 microsecond sampling rate. The unit
alternates between voltage and current measurements. Therefore, the data acquisition time for a
single front panel voltage or current measurement is about 100 milliseconds. The sample rate and
number of data points are fixed, and there are no trigger controls for front panel measurements.
This fixed sampling rate and data acquisition time combined with a built-in windowing function,
reduces errors due to sampling a non-integral number of cycles of a waveform for frequencies of
25 Hz or greater. Note that the windowing function is less accurate when measuring output
waveforms for frequencies less than 25 Hz, causing the front panel meter to jitter.
When controlling the unit over the HP-IB interface, you can vary both the sampling rate and the
number of data points in each measurement. If you are using the HP 66332A dc source to measure
waveform data, the HP-IB interface also lets you qualify the triggers that initiate the
measurements. With this flexibility, measurement accuracy can be improved for waveforms with
frequencies as low as several Hertz. Refer to chapter 3 in the Programming Guide for more
information.
Two current measurement ranges can be selected in the Input menu. A high current range is
available for measuring output currents up to the 30% higher than the maximum rating of the dc
source. A low current range is available for improved resolution when measuring output currents
below 20 milliamperes. The low current measurement range is accurate to 0.1% of the reading
±2.5 microamperes. When the current Range is set to AUTO, the unit automatically selects the
range that provides the best measurement resolution.
NOTE:
If the front panel display indicates OVLD, the output has exceeded the
measurement capability of the instrument. If the front panel display indicates
-- -- -- -- -- -- , an HP-IB measurement is in progress.
43
5 - Front Panel Operation
As previously mentioned, the HP 66332A dc source has the capability of measuring output
waveform parameters such as peak, minimum, high level, and low level as illustrated in the
following figure.
V or A MAX
46.8 microsecond
sampling rate
V or A HIGH
NOTE:
Measurement samples may not
coincide with the actual maximum
or minimum point of the waveform.
V or A LOW
V or A MIN
100 millisecond
acquisition time
Figure 5-5. Front Panel Pulse Measurement Parameters (HP 66332A only)
Use the Meter menu for making front panel measurements:
Action
Display
1.
For current measurements, press Shift, Input. Then press ä until you
obtain the CURR:RANG AUTO command. Press Enter to activate
autoranging. Two other selections are also available. Select the High
range when measuring currents above 20 mA. Select the Low range for
improved resolution when measuring currents below 20 mA.
CURR:RANG AUTO
2.
For output waveform measurements, press Shift, Input. Then press q
until you obtain the CURR:DET command. Check to make sure that the
ACDC current detector is selected. This provides the best accuracy for
waveform measurements. Only select the DC current detector if you are
making dc current measurements and you require a dc measurement
offset better than 1mA on the High current measurement range.
CURR:DET ACDC
Note:
3.
44
In the Low current measurement range, the current detector is fixed at DC. With
the current detector in dc, accurate current measurements cannot be made on
waveforms with frequency contents over a few kHz.
On the Function keypad press Meter and press q repeatedly to
access the following measurement parameters:
♦
dc voltage and current
♦
peak voltage1
♦
minimum voltage1
♦
high level of a voltage pulse waveform1
♦
low level of a voltage pulse waveform1
♦
rms voltage1
♦
peak current1
♦
minimum current1
♦
high level of a current pulse waveform1
♦
low level of a current pulse waveform1
♦
rms current1
1
HP 66332A only
<reading>V <reading>A
<reading>V MAX
<reading>V MIN
<reading>V HIGH
<reading>V LOW
<reading>V RMS
<reading>A MAX
<reading>A MIN
<reading>A HIGH
<reading>A LOW
<reading>A RMS
Front Panel Operation - 5
4 - Programming the Digital Output Port
Your dc source is shipped with the output port function set to RIDFI mode. In this mode the port
functions as a remote inhibit input with a discrete fault indicator output signal. You can also
configure the port to act as a Digital Input/Output device.
To configure the RIDFI mode of the port, proceed as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output.
*RST
2.
Scroll through the Output menu by pressing q . The PORT command
lets you select either the RIDFI or the DIGIO function.
PORT RIDFI
3.
Scroll to the RI command to configure the Remote INHibit indicator.
Use the ã and ä keys to select either LIVE or LATCHING, either of
which enable the RI indicator. With RI enabled, a low-true on the INH
input will disable the output of the unit. LIVE causes the output of the
unit to track the state of the INH input. LATCHING latches the output
of the unit off in response to the inhibit signal.
RI LIVE
RI LATCHING
4.
Access the Output menu again and scroll through the menu. The DFI
command lets you enable the Discrete Fault Indicator. Use the ä key
and select ON to enable the FLT output. With the FLT output enabled,
the open-collector logic signal can be used to signal external devices
when a fault condition is detected.
DFI ON
5.
Scroll to the DFI:SOUR command to select the internal source that
drives this signal. Use the ä key to select from the RQS or ESB bits, or
the Operation or Questionable status registers. Status summary bits are
explained in chapter 3 of the Programming Guide.
DFI:SOUR RQS
DFI:SOUR ESB
DFI:SOUR OPER
DFI:SOUR QUES
To configure the DIGIO mode of the port, proceed as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output.
*RST
2.
Scroll through the Output menu by pressing q . The PORT command
lets you select either the RIDFI or the DIGIO function.
PORT DIGIO
3.
Scroll to the DIGIO command to set and read the Digital Input/Output
Port. Enter a number from 0 to 7 to program the four bits (0 programs
all bits low; 7 programs all bits high). Press Enter when done.
DIGIO 5
45
5 - Front Panel Operation
5 - Programming the Output Relay (option 760 only)
Units with option 760 have isolation and polarity reversal relays connected to the output and sense
terminals. (Option 760 is not available on HP 6631B units.)
To control the relays independently of the Output On/Off switch, proceed as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output, and scroll through the Output
menu until you get to the RELAY command. The display indicates
whether the relay is presently closed (ON), or open (OFF).
RELAY ON
2.
Use the ã and ä keys to select either ON to close the relay or OFF to
open the relay. Note that the output relays always open or close
whenever the Output On/Off key is pressed.
RELAY OFF
To control the polarity of the output relays, proceed as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output, and scroll through the Output
menu until you get to the REL:POL command. The display indicates the
present condition of the relay (either normal or reversed).
REL:POL NORM
2.
Use the ã and ä keys to select either NORM or REV. NORMal causes
the relay polarity to be the same as the dc source output REVerse causes
the relay polarity to be opposite to that of the dc source output.
RELAY OFF
6 - Setting the HP-IB Address and RS-232 Parameters
Your dc source is shipped with the HP-IB address set to 5 This address can only be changed from
the front panel using the Address menu located under the Address key. This menu is also used to
select the RS-232 interface and specify RS-232 parameters such baud rate and parity.
Set the HP-IB address as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the System keypad, press Address.
ADDRESS 5
2.
Enter the new address. For example, Press 7, Enter.
ADDRESS 7
Configure the RS-232 interface as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the System keypad, press Address.
ADDRESS 5
2.
Scroll through the Address menu by pressing q . The interface
command lets you select the RS-232 interface. The baudrate command
lets you select the baudrate. The parity command lets you select the
parity. The flow command selects the flow control options.
INTF RS232
BAUDRATE 9600
PARITY EVEN
XON-XOFF
3.
The ã and ä keys let you select the command parameters.
46
Front Panel Operation - 5
7 - Saving and Recalling Operating States
NOTE:
This capability is only available when the unit is set to the SCPI programming
language.
You can save up to 4 states (from location 0 to location 3) in non-volatile memory and recall them
from the front panel. All programmable settings are saved.
Save an operating state in location 1 as follows:
Action
1.
Set the instrument to the operating state that you want to save.
2.
Save this state to location 1. Press Save, 1, Enter.
Display
*SAV 1
Recall a saved state as follows:
1.
Action
Display
Recall the state saved in location 1 by pressing Recall, 1, Enter
*RCL 1
Select the power-on state of the dc source as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output, and scroll through the Output
menu until you get to the PON state command.
PON:STATE RST
2.
Use the ã and ä keys to select either RST or RCL0. RST sets the poweron state of the unit as defined by the *RST command. RCL0 sets the
power-on state of the unit to the state saved in *RCL location 0.
Clear the non-volatile memory of the dc source as follows:
Action
Display
1.
On the Function keypad, press Output, Enter. This returns the unit to
the factory-default settings.
*RST
2.
Save these settings to location 1. Press Save, 1, Enter.
*SAV 1
3.
Repeat step #2 for memory locations 2 through 4..
*SAV 2
*SAV 3
*SAV 4
47
A
Specifications
Specifications
Table A-1 lists the specifications of the dc source. Specifications are warranted over the ambient
temperature range of 0 to 55 °C. Unless otherwise noted, specifications apply when measured at
the rear terminals after a 30-minute warm-up period.
Table A-1. Performance Specifications
Parameter
Output Ratings
Programming Accuracy
(@ 25C ±5°C)
DC Measurement
Accuracy
(via HP-IB or front panel
meters with respect to
actual output at 25C
±5°C)
Ripple and Noise
(in the range of 20 Hz to
20 MHz with outputs
ungrounded or with
either terminal grounded)
Load Regulation4
(change in output voltage
or current for any load
change within ratings)
Line Regulation
(change in output voltage
or current for any line
change within ratings)
HP 6631B
Voltage:
Current:
Voltage:
+Current:
Voltage:
Low Current range
−20 mA to +20 mA:
High Current range
+20 mA to +rated I:
−20 mA to −rated I:
Normal mode voltage
(rms/p-p):
Fast mode voltage
(rms/p-p):
Current (rms):
Voltage:
Current:
Voltage:
Current:
HP 6632B
HP 66332A
HP 6633B
HP 6634B
0−8V
0 − 10A
0 − 20 V
0 − 5A
0 − 50 V
0−2A
0 − 100 V
0 − 1A
0.05% + 5 mV
0.05% + 4 mA
0.05% + 10 mV
0.05% + 2 mA
0.05% + 20 mV
0.05% + 1 mA
0.05% + 50 mV
0.05% + 0.5 mA
0.03% + 2 mV
0.03% + 3 mV
0.03% + 6 mV
0.03% + 12 mV
0.1% + 2.5 µA1
0.1% + 2.5 µA1
0.1% + 2.5 µA1
0.1% + 2.5 µA1
0.2% + 1 mA2
0.2% + 1.6 mA
0.2% + 0.5 mA 2
0.2% + 1.1 mA
0.2% + 0.25 mA 2
0.2% + 0.85 mA
0.2% + 0.25 mA 2
0.2% + 0.85 mA
0.3 mV/3 mV3
0.3 mV/3 mV3
0.5 mV/3 mV3
0.5 mV/3 mV3
1 mV/10 mV
3 mA
1 mV/10 mV
2 mA
1 mV/15 mV
2 mA
2 mV/25 mV
2 mA
2 mV
2 mA
2 mV
1 mA
4 mV
1 mA
5 mV
1 mA
0.5 mV
1 mA
0.5 mV
0.5 mA
1 mV
0.25 mA
1 mV
0.25 mA
Normal mode: < 100 µs
Transient Response
4
Fast mode: < 50 µs
Time
(for the output voltage to recover to its previous level within 0.1% of the voltage rating of the unit or 20 mV following a
change in load current of up to 50% of the output current rating)
1
This specification may degrade slightly when the unit is subjected to an RF field ≥3 V/meter.
2
Applies in SCPI mode, with current detector set to DC. With current detector set to ACDC, accuracy is 0.2% + four
times the fixed error value. In COMPatibility mode, accuracy is 0.2% + six times the fixed error value.
3
For HP 6631B, 6632B, and 66332A (from 1 MHz to 20 MHz ) = 0.3mV/15mV;
For HP 6633B and 6634B (from 1 MHz to 20 MHz ) = 0.5mV/15mV
4
Applies at rear terminals with unit set to remote sensing and with sense terminals externally jumpered to their
respective output terminals.
A - Specifications
Supplemental Characteristics
Table A-2 lists the supplemental characteristics, which are not warranted but are descriptions of
typical performance determined either by design or type testing.
Table A-2. Supplemental Characteristics
Parameter
Input Ratings
(at full load)
HP 6631B
100 Vac mains:
115 Vac mains:
220 Vac mains:
230 Vac mains:
Output Programming
Range
Voltage:
Current:
OVP:
Average Programming
Resolution
Voltage:
Current:
OVP:
OVP Accuracy
Maximum Current
Measurement
Average Current
Measurement Resolution
High Range:
Low Range:
Sink Current
Sink Current Tracking
Minimum Current in
Compatibility Mode
Programming Accuracy
Temperature Coefficient
(change/°C)
Readback Accuracy
Temperature Coefficient
(change/°C)
Drift2
SCPI mode1:
Compatibility mode:
HP 6633B
87− 106 Vac, 47− 63 Hz, 3.5 A, 250 W
104− 127 Vac, 47− 63 Hz, 3 A, 250 W
191− 233 Vac, 47− 63 Hz, 1.6 A, 250 W
207− 253 Vac, 47− 63 Hz, 1.5 A, 250 W
0-8.190 V
0-10.237A
0-12V
2 mV
2.5 mA
60 mV
2.4% + 100 mV
14.3 A
436 uA
0.6 uA
-10 A
0.4% + 4 mA
-500 mA
40 mA
0− 20.475 V
0− 5.1188 A
0− 22 V
0− 51.188 V
0− 2.0475 A
0− 55 V
0− 102.38 V
0− 1.0238 A
0− 110 V
5 mV
1.25 mA
100 mV
12.5 mV
0.5 mA
250 mV
25 mV
0.25 mA
500 mV
2.4% + 240 mV
6.66 A
2.4% + 600 mV
2.43 A
2.4% + 1.2 V
1.21 A
213 µA
0.6 µA
74 µA
0.6 µA
37 µA
0.6 µA
−5A
0.4% + 2 mA
− 250 mA
−2A
0.4% + 1 mA
− 100 mA
−1A
0.4% + 0.5 mA
− 50 mA
20 mA
8 mA
4 mA
0.01% + 0.15 mV
0.01% + 60 uA
0.01% + 2 mV
0.01% +0.25 mV
0.01% + 30 µA
0.015% + 4 mV
0.01% + 0.5 mV
0.01% + 12 µA
0.015% + 10 mV
0.01% + 1 mV
0.01% + 6 µA
0.015% + 20 mV
Voltage:
Current (ACDC):
Current (DC):
Current (Low range):
0.01% + 60 uV
0.05% + 320 uA
0.02% + 50uA
0.01% + 0.3 uA
Voltage:
Current:
0.01% + 0.25 mV
0.01% + 100uA
0.01% + 150 µV
0.05% + 160 µA
0.02% + 25 µA
0.01% + 0.3 µA
0.01% + 0.5 mV
0.01% + 50 µA
0.01% + 500 µV
0.05% + 80 µA
0.02% + 10 µA
0.01% + 0.3 µA
0.01% + 1 mV
0.01% + 20 µA
0.01% + 750 µV
0.05% + 40 µA
0.02% + 5 µA
0.01% + 0.3 µA
0.01% + 1 mV
0.01% + 10 µA
Normal mode:
Fast mode:
Output Voltage Settling
Time
Normal mode:
Fast mode:
2 ms
400 µs
(for a change from 10% to 90% or 90% to 10% of the total excursion)
6 ms
2 ms
(to settle within 1 LSB or 0.025% times the rated voltage of the final value)
For 8 volt unit, between 0 and 10 mA, the sink current remains at –10 mA.
For 20 volt unit, between 0 and 5mA, the sink current remains at –5 mA.
For 50 volt unit, between 0 and 2.5 mA, the sink current remains at –2.5 mA.
For 100 volt unit, between 0 and 1.25 mA, the sink current remains at –1.25 mA.
2
Following a 30 minute warm-up, the change in output over 8 hours, under ambient temperature,
constant load, and line operating conditions.
50
HP 6634B
Voltage:
Current:
OVP:
Output Voltage Rise/Fall
Time
1
HP 6632B
HP 66332A
Specifications - A
Table A-2. Supplemental Characteristics (continued)
Parameter
HP 66332A
HP
6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B
Dynamic Measurement
Accuracy
Instantaneous Voltage:
Instantaneous Current:
0.03% + 5 mV
0.6% + 2 mA1
not applicable
Dynamic Measurement
System
Buffer Length:
Sampling Rate Range:
4096 points
15.6µs− 31,200s
not applicable
50 ms average
(includes the default time of 30 ms2 for
acquiring data, and a 20 ms data processing
overhead)
Measurement Time
(voltage or current)
4 ms average
(for output to begin to change
following receipt of digital data)
Command Processing
Time
Up to 2 V can be dropped across each load lead.
(add 2 mV to the voltage load regulation
specification for each 1 V change in the positive
output lead due to load current change.)
Remote Sense Capability
4 (in locations 0 to 3)
Savable Instrument States
(applies only in SCPI mode)
RS-232 Interface
Capabilities
HP-IB Interface
Capabilities
INH/FLT Characteristics
Baud rates:
Data formats:
Language:
300 600 1200 2400 4800 9600
7 bits even or odd parity; 8 bits without parity
SCPI or COMPatibility3
Language:
Interface:
SCPI or COMPatibility3
AH1, C0, DC1, DT1, E1, L4, PP0, RL1, SH1,
SR1, T6
Maximum ratings:
16.5 Vdc between terminals 1 and 2; 3 and 4;
and from terminals 1 or 2 to chassis ground
FLT Terminals:
INH Terminals:
Low-level output current = 1.25 mA max.
Low-level output voltage = 0.5 V max.
Low-level input voltage = 0.8 V max.
High-level input voltage = 2 V min.
Low-level input current = 1 mA
Pulse width = 100 µs min.
Time delay = 4 ms typical
For full scale current changes with a risetime of 20 µs, an additional 0.5% error exists in the first data
point in the buffer after the change. The error percentage increases proportionally with the decrease in
risetime.
2
This time may be reduced by changing the default conditions of 2048 data points, however, measurement
accuracy will be reduced.
3
COMPatibility language is used to program the HP 663xA Series power supplies.
1
51
A - Specifications
Table A-2. Supplemental Characteristics (continued)
Parameter
Digital I/O Characteristics
HP 66332A
Maximum ratings:
Digital OUT Port
0,1,2 (open collector)
Digital IN Port 2:
(internal pull-up)
HP
6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B
same as INH/FLT Characteristics
Output leakage @ 16V = 0.1 mA (ports 0,1)
= 12.5 mA (port 2)
Output leakage @ 5V = 0.1 mA (ports 0,1)
= 0.25 mA (port 2)
Low-level output sink current @ 0.5 V = 4 mA
Low-level output sink current @ 1 V = 50 mA
Low-level input current @ 0.4 V = 1.25 mA
High-level input current @ 5 V = 0.25 mA
Low-level input voltage = 0.8 V max.
High level input voltage = 2.0 V min.
Isolation to Ground
240 Vdc maximum from chassis ground
Recommended Calibration
Interval
1 year
(from the date the unit is put into service)
Regulatory Compliance
Dimensions
(see figure 3-1)
Net weight
Shipping weight
52
Listing pending:
Certified to:
Conforms to:
Complies with:
UL 3111-1
CSA 22.2 No. 1010.1
IEC 1010-1
EMC directive 89/336/EEC (ISM Group1 Class
B)
Height 88.1mm (3.5in.)
Width 425.5mm (16.75in.)
Depth 364.4mm (14.3in.)
12.7 kg (28 lbs.)
15 kg (33 lbs.)
B
Verification and Calibration
Introduction
This appendix includes verification and calibration procedures for the HP 66332A and HP
6631B/6632B/6633B/6634B dc source. Instructions are given for performing the procedures either
from the front panel or from a controller over the HP-IB.
The verification procedures do not check all the operating parameters, but verify that the dc source
is performing properly. Performance Tests, which check all the specifications of the dc source, are
given in the applicable dc source Service Manual.
Important
Perform the verification procedures before calibrating your dc source. If the dc
source passes the verification procedures, the unit is operating within its
calibration limits and does not need to be recalibrated.
Equipment Required
The equipment listed in the following table, or the equivalent to this equipment, is required for
verification and calibration.
Table B-1. Equipment Required
Equipment
Characteristics
Recommended Model
Digital Voltmeter
Resolution: 10 nV @ 1 V
Readout: 8.5 digits
Accuracy: >20 ppm
HP 3458A
Current Monitor1
Load Resistor
Guildline 9230/15
Power Supply
15 A (0.1 Ω ), ±0.04%, TC=5ppm/°C
400Ω (HP 6631B calibration, used for
verification of all models)
1.1 kΩ (HP 6632B/66332A calibration)
2.5 kΩ (HP 6633B calibration)
5 kΩ (HP 6634B calibration)
8 V @ 10 A
HP-IB Controller
Full HP-IB capabilities
HP Series 200/300 or
equivalent
(3 W min. TC=20ppm/°C)
HP p/n 0811-2878
HP 6631B
1
The 4- terminal current shunt is used to eliminate output current measurement error caused by voltage
drops in the load leads and connections. It has special current-monitoring terminals inside the load
connection terminals. Connect the voltmeter directly to these current-monitoring terminals.
Test Setup
Figure B-1 shows the setup for the tests. Be certain to use load leads of sufficient wire gauge to
carry the full output current (see chapter 3).
53
B - Verification and Calibration
+
DC
Voltmeter
+
-
+S
-S
DC
Current
+
-
-S
+
Load
resistor
Ampmeter
monitor
-
-
B.
A.
-
+S
Load Resistor
400
6631B
1.1K 6632B
& 66332A
2.5 K 6633B
5K
6634B
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
+
-
-S
+
DC
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
-
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
-
+S
Load
resistor
Ampmeter
DC
C.
-
+
-
-S
Current
monitor
+
External
DC supply
+ 240 VDC MAX TO
+
Voltmeter
+
-
+S
D.
-
External
DC supply
Figure B-1. Verification & Calibration Test Setup
Performing the Verification Tests
NOTE:
The verification procedure can only be performed using the SCPI language
commands. Use either the front panel Address key to access the LANG
command, or use the SYSTem:LANGuage command to change the programming
language to SCPI.
The following procedures assume you understand how to operate the dc source from the front
panel as explained in chapter 5.
When performing the verification tests from an HP-IB controller, you may have to consider the
relatively slow settling times and slew rates of the dc source as compared to computer and system
voltmeters. Suitable WAIT statements can be inserted into the test program to give the dc source
time to respond to the test commands.
Perform the following tests for operation verification in the order indicated.
1. Turn-On Checkout
2. Voltage Programming and Measurement Accuracy
3. Current Programming and Measurement Accuracy
54
Verification and Calibration - B
Table B-2. Verification Programming Values
6631B
6632B/66332A
6633B
6634B
Full scale Voltage
8
20
50
100
Full Scale Current
10
5
2
1
Imax
10.238
5.1188
2.0475
1.0238
Isink
- 10 A
-5A
-2A
-1A
Turn-On Checkout
Perform the Turn-On Checkout as directed in chapter 4.
NOTE:
The dc source must pass turn-on selftest before you can proceed with the
verification tests.
Voltage Programming and Measurement Accuracy
This test verifies the voltage programming, HP-IB measurement, and front panel meter functions.
Values read back over the HP-IB should be the same as those displayed on the front panel.
Measure the dc output voltage at the output terminals. Make sure the output mode switch is set to
Normal and the sense terminals are directly jumpered to the output terminals.
Action
1.
Turn off the dc source and connect a DMM to the output
terminals.
2.
Turn on the dc source with no load on the output. Set the output
voltage to 0 V and the output current to full scale (see table B-2).
Press Output On/Off to enable the output.
3.
Record voltage readings at the DMM and on the front panel
display in the appropriate table.
4.
Set the output voltage to the full scale rated voltage
(see Table B-2).
5.
Record voltage readings at the DMM and on the front panel
display in the table.
Normal Result
Output voltage near 0 V.
Output current near 0 A.
Readings within low voltage
limits (see table B-3, 4, 5, or 6).
Output voltage near full scale.
Readings within high voltage
limits (see table B-3, 4, 5, or 6).
Current Programming and Measurement Accuracy
This test verifies the current programming and measurement. Connect the appropriate current
monitor (see table B-1) as shown in figure B-1A.
Current Programming and Measurement (High Range)
Action
1.
Turn off the dc source and connect the DMM and current monitor
as shown in figure B-1A.
2.
Turn on the dc source, access the Input menu, and set the current
sense detector to DC.
3.
Set the output voltage to 5 V and the current to 0 A. Press
Output On/Off to enable the output.
4.
Divide the voltage drop across the current monitor by its
resistance to convert the value to amperes. Record the value.
Normal Result
CURR:DET DC
Output current near 0 A.
Readings within low current
limits (see table B-3, 4, 5, or 6).
55
B - Verification and Calibration
5.
Set the output current to its full scale value (see Table B-2).
6.
Divide the voltage drop across the current monitor by its
resistance to convert the value to amperes. Record this value and
the current reading on the front panel display.
Readings within high current
limits (see tables B-3,4, 5 or 6).
Current Measurement (Low Range)
Action
7.
Turn off the dc source and connect it as shown in figure B-1B
with the 400 ohm load resistor. Set the DMM to operate in
current mode.
8.
Turn on the dc source, access the Input menu, and set the
current range to LOW.
9.
Set the output voltage to 0 V and the current to its full scale
value (see table B-2). Press Output On/Off to enable the
output.
10.
Record the current reading from the DMM as well as from the
front panel display. Enter the difference between the two
readings in the appropriate table.
11.
Set the output voltage to 8 volts.
12.
Record the current reading from the DMM as well as from the
front panel display. Enter the difference between the two
readings in the table.
Normal Result
CURR:RANG LOW
Output current near 0 A.
Readings within low current
measurement (see table B-3, 4,
5 or 6).
Output current near +20 mA.
Readings within high current
measurement (see table B-3, 4,
5 or 6).
Current Sink Measurement
Action
Normal Result
13.
Turn off the dc source and connect an external supply to the
output of the unit as shown in figure B-1C using a 400 ohm load
resistor. Set the DMM to operate in current mode.
14.
Turn on the dc source, access the Input menu, and set the
current range to LOW.
15.
Access the Input menu and set the current sense detector to DC.
CURR:DET DC
16.
Turn on the external supply and program its’output for 8 volts
and 1 A. Program the dc source to 0 V and 1 A. Press Output
On/Off to enable the output.
Output current near − 20 mA.
17.
Record the current reading from the DMM as well as from the
front panel display. Enter the difference between the two
readings in the table.
Readings within low current
sink measurement
(see table B-3,4, 5 or 6).
18.
Turn off the dc source and connect the current monitor and
external supply to the output of the unit as shown in figure B1D. Set the DMM to operate in dc voltage mode.
19.
Turn on the external supply and program its’voltage to 5 volts
and current for the full scale current rating of the UUT. Program
the dc source to 0 V and full scale current (see table B-2). Press
Output On/Off to enable the output.
Output near − full scale current.
20.
Divide the voltage drop across the current monitor by its
resistance to convert the value to amperes. Record this value as
well as the current reading on the front panel display. Enter the
difference between the two readings in the table.
Readings within high current
sink measurement
(see table B-3, 4, 5 or 6).
56
CURR:RANG LOW
Verification and Calibration - B
Table B- 3. Verification Test Record for HP 6631B
Model
HP 6631B
Report No.____________
Test Description
Minimum
Specification
Date_____________
Recorded Results
Maximum
Specification
Voltage Programming and Measurement
Low Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
High Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
− 5 mV
_______V
+5 mV
Vout − 2 mV
_____mV
Vout +2 mV
8.991 V
_______V
8.009 V
Vout − 4.4 mV
_____mV
Vout +4.4 mV
Current Programming and Measurement (High Range)
Low Current Iout
− 4 mA
_______A
4 mA
High Current Iout
9.991 A
_______A
10.009 A
Iout − 21 mA
_____mA
Iout +21 mA
Front Panel measurement
Current Measurement (Low Range)
Low Current measurement
Iout − 2.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +2.5 µA
High Current measurement
Iout − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +22.5 µA
Current Sink Measurement
Low Current Sink measurement
Isink − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Isink +22.5 µA
High Current Sink measurement
Isink − 21.6 mA
_____mA
Isink +21.6 mA
Table B- 4. Verification Test Record for HP 66332A or HP 6632B
Model HP______________________
Test Description
Report No.____________
Minimum
Specification
Date_____________
Recorded Results
Maximum
Specification
Voltage Programming and Measurement
Low Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
High Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
− 10 mV
_______V
+10 mV
Vout − 3 mV
_____mV
Vout +3 mV
19.980 V
_______V
20.020 V
Vout − 9 mV
_____mV
Vout +9 mV
Current Programming and Measurement (High Range)
Low Current Iout
− 2 mA
_______A
2 mA
High Current Iout
4.9955 A
_______A
5.0045 A
Iout − 10.5 mA
_____mA
Iout +10.5 mA
Front Panel measurement
Current Measurement (Low Range)
Low Current measurement
Iout − 2.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +2.5 µA
High Current measurement
Iout − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +22.5 µA
Current Sink Measurement
Low Current Sink measurement
Isink − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Isink +22.5 µA
High Current Sink measurement
Isink − 11.1 mA
_____mA
Isink +11.1 mA
57
B - Verification and Calibration
Table B- 5. Verification Test Record for HP 6633B
Model
HP 6633B
Report No.____________
Test Description
Minimum
Specification
Date_____________
Recorded Results
Maximum
Specification
Voltage Programming and Measurement
Low Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
High Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
− 20 mV
_______V
+20 mV
Vout − 6 mV
_____mV
Vout +6 mV
49.955 V
_______V
50.045 V
Vout − 21 mV
_____mV
Vout +21 mV
Current Programming and Measurement (High Range)
Low Current Iout
− 1 mA
_______A
1 mA
High Current Iout
1.998 A
_______A
2.002 A
Iout − 4.25 mA
_____mA
Iout +4.25 mA
Front Panel measurement
Current Measurement (Low Range)
Low Current measurement
Iout − 2.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +2.5 µA
High Current measurement
Iout − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +22.5 µA
Current Sink Measurement
Low Current Sink measurement
Isink − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Isink +22.5 µA
High Current Sink measurement
Isink − 4.85 mA
_____mA
Isink +4.85 mA
Table B- 6. Verification Test Record for HP 6634B
Model HP 6634B
Report No.____________
Test Description
Minimum
Specification
Date_____________
Recorded Results
Maximum
Specification
Voltage Programming and Measurement
Low Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
High Voltage Vout
Front Panel measurement
− 50 mV
_______V
+50 mV
Vout − 12 mV
_____mV
Vout +12 mV
99.90 V
_______V
100.10 V
Vout − 42 mV
_____mV
Vout +42 mV
Current Programming and Measurement (High Range)
Low Current Iout
− 0.5 mA
_______A
0.5 mA
High Current Iout
0.999 A
_______A
1.001 A
Iout − 2.25 mA
_____mA
Iout +2.25 mA
Front Panel measurement
Current Measurement (Low Range)
Low Current measurement
Iout − 2.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +2.5 µA
High Current measurement
Iout − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Iout +22.5 µA
Current Sink Measurement
Low Current Sink measurement
Isink − 22.5 µA
_____µA
Isink +22.5 µA
High Current Sink measurement
Isink − 2.85 mA
_____mA
Isink +2.85 mA
58
Verification and Calibration - B
Performing the Calibration Procedure
NOTE:
The calibration procedure can only be performed using the SCPI language
commands. Use either the front panel Address key to access the LANG
command, or use the SYSTem:LANGuage command to change the programming
language to SCPI.
Table B-1 lists the equipment required for calibration. Figure B-1 shows the test setup.
You do not have to do a complete calibration each time. If appropriate, you may calibrate only the
voltage or current and proceed to "Saving the Calibration Constants". However, the voltage or
current calibration sequence must be performed in its entirety. The following parameters may be
calibrated:
♦ voltage programming and measurement
♦ overvoltage protection (OVP)
♦ current programming and measurement
♦ negative current programming
♦ low range measurement
♦ ac current measurement
Front Panel Calibration Menu
The Entry keypad is used for calibration functions.
Shift
Cal
Press this key to access the calibration menu.
Display
Command Function
CAL ON <value>
Turns calibration mode on when the correct password
value is entered.
CAL OFF
Turns calibration mode off
CAL:LEV <char>
Advance to next step in sequence (P1 or P2).
CAL:DATA <value>
Enter an external calibration measurement.
CAL:VOLT
Begin voltage calibration sequence
CAL:VOLT:PROT
Begin voltage protection calibration
CAL:CURR
Begin high range current calibration sequence
CAL:CURR:NEG
Begin negative current calibration sequence
CAL:CURR:MEAS:LOW
Begin low range current measurement calibration
CAL:CURR:MEAS:AC
Begin ac current calibration sequence
CAL:SAVE
Saves the calibration constants in non-volatile memory.
CAL:PASS <value>
Set new calibration password.
Notes:
value = a numeric value
char = a character string parameter
Use p
and q
to scroll through the menu commands.
Use ã
and ä
to scroll through the menu parameters.
Use á
and â
to select a digit in a numeric entry field.
59
B - Verification and Calibration
Front Panel Calibration
These procedures assume you understand how to operate front panel keys (see chapter 5).
Enable Calibration Mode
Action
1.
Reset the unit by selecting Output, scrolling to *RST and pressing
Enter.
2.
Press Output On/Off to enable the output.
3.
To begin calibration press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL ON and press
Enter.
4.
Enter the calibration password from Entry keypad and press Enter.
lf the password is correct the Cal annunciator will come on.
If CAL DENIED appears, then an internal switch has been set to
prevent the calibration from being changed. (See the Service
Manual.)
lf the password is incorrect, an error occurs. If the active password is
lost, the calibration function can be recovered by setting an internal
switch that defeats password protection. (See the Service Manual.)
Display
*RST
00.003V
0.0006A
CAL ON 0.0
CAL DENIED
OUT OF RANGE
Voltage Programming and Measurement Calibration
Action
Display
5.
Connect the DMM (dc volts mode) directly to the dc source. Do not
connect the load resistor or current shunt.
6.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL VOLT, and press Enter.
7.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL LEV, and press Enter to select the
first calibration point.
CAL:LEV P1
8.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL DATA, and use the Entry keypad to
enter the voltage value displayed on the DMM.
CAL:DATA 0.00
9.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL LEV, use ä to scroll to P2 (the
second calibration point), and press Enter.
10.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL DATA, and use the Entry keypad to
enter the second voltage value displayed on the DMM.
CAL:VOLT
CAL:LEV P2
CAL:DATA 0.00
Overvoltage Protection Calibration
Action
11.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL VOLT PROT, and press Enter.
12.
Wait for the dc source to compute the OVP calibration constant.
The display returns to Meter mode when the calculation is
complete.
60
Display
CAL:VOLT:PROT
Verification and Calibration - B
Current Programming and High-Range Measurement Calibration
Action
Display
13.
Connect the appropriate current monitor as shown in figure B-1A.
Connect the DMM (in dc mode) across the current shunt.
14.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL CURR, and press Enter.
CAL:CURR
15.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL LEV, and press Enter to select the
first calibration point.
CAL:LEV P1
16.
Press Shift Cal and scroll to CAL DATA. Wait for the DMM reading
to stabilize. Then read the DMM and compute the first current value
(DMM reading ÷ shunt resistance). Use the Entry keypad to enter the
first current value.
17.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL LEV, use Ì to scroll to P2 (the
second calibration point), and press Enter.
18.
Press Shift Cal and scroll to CAL DATA. Wait for the DMM reading
to stabilize. Then read the DMM and compute the second current
value (DMM reading ÷ shunt resistance). Use the Entry keypad to
enter the second current value.
CAL:DATA 0.00
CAL:LEV P2
CAL:DATA 0.00
Negative Current Programming Calibration
Action
19.
Connect a negative supply to the output in series with the appropriate
load resistor as shown in figure B-1C. Set the DMM to operate in
current mode. Set the negative supply to the full scale voltage rating
of the UUT.
20.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL CURR NEG, and press Enter.
21.
Wait for the dc source to compute the negative current calibration
constant. The display returns to Meter mode when the calculation is
complete.
Display
CAL:CURR:NEG
Low-Range Current Measurement Calibration
Action
22.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL CURR MEAS LOW, and press Enter.
23.
Connect the UUT as shown in figure B-1B with the appropriate load
resistor for your model. Set the DMM to operate in current mode.
24.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL LEV, and press Enter to select the
first calibration point.
25.
Press Shift Cal and scroll to CAL DATA. Wait for the DMM reading
to stabilize. Then use the Entry keypad and enter the current reading
displayed on the DMM.
Display
CAL:CURR:MEAS:LOW
CAL:LEV P1
CAL:DATA 0.00
61
B - Verification and Calibration
AC Current Measurement Calibration (HP 66332A only)
Action
Display
26.
Disconnect all loads from the dc source. Make sure the mode switch
on the rear panel is set to Normal.
27.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL CURR MEAS AC, and press Enter.
28.
Wait for the dc source to compute the ac current calibration constant.
The display returns to Meter mode when the calculation is complete.
CAL:CURR:MEAS AC
Saving the Calibration Constants
WARNING:
Storing calibration constants overwrites the existing ones in non-volatile memory.
If you are not sure you want to permanently store the new constants, omit this
step. The dc source calibration will then remain unchanged.
Action
Display
29.
Press Shift Cal, scroll to CAL SAVE, and press Enter.
CAL:SAVE
30.
Press Shift Cal, select CAL OFF, and press Enter to exit
Calibration mode. *RST and *RCL will also set the calibration state
to OFF.
CAL OFF
Calibration Error Messages
Errors that can occur during calibration are shown in the following table.
Table B- 7. HP-IB Calibration Error Messages
Error
Meaning
401
CAL switch prevents calibration (This is a hardware disable, see the Service Manual.)
402
CAL password is incorrect
403
CAL not enabled
404
Computed readback cal constants are incorrect
405
Computed programming cal constants are incorrect
406
Incorrect sequence of calibration commands
62
Verification and Calibration - B
Changing the Calibration Password
The factory default password is 0. You can change the password when the dc source is in
calibration mode (which requires you to enter the existing password). Proceed as follows:
Action
Display
1.
Begin by pressing Shift Cal and scrolling to the CAL ON command.
2.
Enter the existing password from Entry keypad and press Enter
3.
Press Shift Cal and scroll to the CAL PASS command.
4.
Enter the new password from the keypad. You can use any number with up
to six digits and an optional decimal point. If you want the calibration
function to operate without requiring any password, change the password to
0 (zero).
NOTE:
CAL ON 0.0
CAL:PASS 0
If you want the calibration function to operate without requiring any password,
change the password to 0 (zero).
Calibration Over the HP-IB
You can calibrate the dc source by using SCPI commands within your controller programming
statements. Be sure you are familiar with calibration from the front panel before you calibrate from
a controller. Each front panel calibration command has a corresponding SCPI command. When
you write your calibration program, perform the calibration procedure in the same order as the
front panel procedure documented in this appendix.
The SCPI calibration commands are explained in chapter 3 of the dc source Programming Guide.
Calibration error messages that can occur during HP-IB calibration are shown in table B-3.
63
C
Error Messages
Error Number List
This appendix gives the error numbers and descriptions that are returned by the dc source. Error
numbers are returned in two ways:
♦
Error numbers are displayed on the front panel
♦
Error numbers and messages are read back with the SYSTem:ERRor? query.
SYSTem:ERRor? returns the error number into a variable and returns two parameters: an
NR1 and a string.
The following table lists the errors that are associated with SCPI syntax errors and interface
problems. It also lists the device dependent errors. Information inside the brackets is not part of the
standard error message, but is included for clarification.
When errors occur, the Standard Event Status register records them in bit 2, 3, 4, or 5 as described
in the following table:
Table C-1. Error Numbers
Error
Number
Error String [Description/Explanation/Examples]
Command Errors –100 through –199 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #5)
–100
Command error [generic]
–101
Invalid character
–102
Syntax error [unrecognized command or data type]
–103
Invalid separator
–104
Data type error [e.g., "numeric or string expected, got block data"]
–105
GET not allowed
–108
Parameter not allowed [too many parameters]
–109
Missing parameter [too few parameters]
–112
Program mnemonic too long [maximum 12 characters]
–113
Undefined header [operation not allowed for this device]
–121
Invalid character in number [includes "9" in octal data, etc.]
–123
Numeric overflow [exponent too large; exponent magnitude >32 k]
–124
Too many digits [number too long; more than 255 digits received]
–128
Numeric data not allowed
65
C - Error Messages
–131
Invalid suffix [unrecognized units, or units not appropriate]
–138
Suffix not allowed
–141
Invalid character data [bad character, or unrecognized]
–144
Character data too long
–148
Character data not allowed
–150
String data error
–151
Invalid string data [e.g., END received before close quote]
–158
String data not allowed
–160
Block data error
–161
Invalid block data [e.g., END received before length satisfied]
–168
Block data not allowed
–170
Expression error
–171
Invalid expression
–178
Expression data not allowed
Execution Errors –200 through –299 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #4)
–200
Execution error [generic]
–222
Data out of range [e.g., too large for this device]
–223
Too much data [out of memory; block, string, or expression too long]
–224
Illegal parameter value [device-specific]
–225
Out of memory
–270
Macro error
–272
Macro execution error
–273
Illegal macro label
–276
Macro recursion error
–277
Macro redefinition not allowed
System Errors –300 through –399 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #3)
–310
System error [generic]
–350
Too many errors [errors beyond 9 lost due to queue overflow]
Query Errors –400 through –499 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #2)
–400
Query error [generic]
–410
Query INTERRUPTED [query followed by DAB or GET before response complete]
–420
Query UNTERMINATED [addressed to talk, incomplete programming message received]
–430
Query DEADLOCKED [too many queries in command string]
–440
Query UNTERMINATED [after indefinite response]
66
Error Messages - C
Selftest Errors 0 through 99 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #3)
0
No error
1
Non-volatile RAM RD0 section checksum failed
2
Non-volatile RAM CONFIG section checksum failed
3
Non-volatile RAM CAL section checksum failed
4
Non-volatile RAM STATE section checksum failed
5
Non-volatile RST section checksum failed
10
RAM selftest
11
VDAC/IDAC selftest 1
12
VDAC/IDAC selftest 2
13
VDAC/IDAC selftest 3
14
VDAC/IDAC selftest 4
15
OVDAC selftest
80
Digital I/O selftest error
Device-Dependent Errors 100 through 32767 (sets Standard Event Status Register bit #3)
213
Ingrd receiver buffer overrun
216
RS-232 receiver framing error
217
RS-232 receiver parity error
218
RS-232 receiver overrun error
220
Front panel uart overrun
221
Front panel uart framing
222
Front panel uart parity
223
Front panel buffer overrun
224
Front panel timeout
401
CAL switch prevents calibration
402
CAL password is incorrect
403
CAL not enabled
404
Computed readback cal constants are incorrect
405
Computed programming cal constants are incorrect
406
Incorrect sequence of calibration commands
407
CV or CC status is incorrect for this command
408
Output mode switch must be in NORMAL position
601
Too many sweep points
602
Command only applies to RS-232 interface
603
CURRent or VOLTage fetch incompatible with last acquisition
604
Measurement overrange
67
D
Line Voltage Conversion
WARNING:
Shock Hazard Operating personnel must not remove instrument covers.
Component replacement and internal adjustments must be made only by
qualified service personnel.
Open the Unit
♦
Turn off ac power and disconnect the power cord from the unit.
♦
Remove the four screws that secure the cover (use a #2 Pozi drive).
♦
Slightly spread the bottom of the cover and pull it back to remove it from the unit.
Configure the Power Transformer
♦
Locate the ac input wiring harness on the left side of the transformer.
♦
Use a needlenose pliers and connect the ac input wiring harness according to the information in
the following figure:
grey
grey
white/red/grey
white/red/grey
spare
jumper
jumper
grey
grey
white/red/grey
white/red/grey
jumper
jumper
Figure D-1, Power Transformer AC Input Connections
69
D - Line Voltage Conversion
Install the Correct Line Fuse
♦
Unscrew the line fuse cap from the rear panel and install the correct fuse.
For 100/120 Vac operation: 4 A; HP part number 2110-0055
For 220/230 Vac operation: 2 A; HP part number 2110-0002
♦
Mark the voltage setting that the unit has been set to on the rear panel label.
Close the Unit
♦
Replace the outer cover.
♦
Reconnect the power cord and turn on the unit.
70
Index
— —
-- -- -- -- -- --, 43
— +—
+/- terminals, 23
+S/-S terminals, 23
checkout procedure, 32
cleaning, 21
clear protection, 43
controller connections, 30
controls and indicators, 19
conversion, ac line, 69
crowbar circuit, 26
current measurement range, 43
CV mode, 20,42
— D—
— 0—
0 ... 9, 41
— A—
ac line conversion, 69
accessories, 18
ACDC current detector, 44
airflow, 22
annunciators
Addr, 36
Cal, 36
CC, 36
CV, 36
Dis, 36
Err, 36
OCP, 36
Prot, 36
Rmt, 36
Shift, 36
SRQ, 36
Unr, 36
AWG ratings, 23
— C—
cables, 18
calibration, 59
current programming - high range, 61
current programming - low range, 61
enable, 60
equipment, 53
error messages, 62
menu, 59
OVP, 60
password, 63
peak current, 61
saving, 62
setup, 53
voltage measurement, 60
voltage programming, 60
capacitive loading, 27
capacitor discharge limit, 26
CC mode, 42
damage, 21
DC current detector, 44
DFI signal, 28
DIGIO, 45
digital connector, 21, 28
digital I/O, 28
digital output port, 45
dimensions, 22
disabling multiple units, 28
— E—
enable output, 42
enter value, 42
entry keys, 41
á , 41
0 ... 9, 41
Backspace, 41
Clear Entry, 41
Enter Number, 41
error messages, 34
error numbers, 65
— F—
fast mode, 27
features, 19
FLT, 45
FLT output, 28
front panel, 19, 35
annuncuiators, 36
connections, 23
controls and indicators, 35
keys, 36
FS, 38, 43
FS status, 26
function keys, 38
p , 38
Cal, 40
Current, 40
immediate action, 38
Input, 39
Meter, 39
71
Index
OCP, 38
Output, 40
Output On/Off, 38
OV, 40
Prot Clear, 38
Protect, 40
Voltage, 40
fuses, 23
— G—
ground, earth, 18
guide, programming, 17
guide, user’s, 17
— H—
history, 6
HP-IB, 46
address, 46
connections, 30
interface, 30
operating features, 19
option 760, 46
options, 18
OT, 43
output
characteristic, 20
connections, 23
connector, 21
control keys, 40
current setting, 42
enable, 42
rating, 20
voltage setting, 42
output relay, 46
OV, 42
OVLD, 34, 42
OVP
capacitor discharge limit, 26
circuit, 26
— P—
— I—
inductive loading, 27
INH, 45
INH input, 28
input
connections, 23
power, 18
inspection, 21
power cord, 21, 23
power receptacle, 18
preliminary checkout, 31
print date, 6
protection
FS, 43
OC, 43
OT, 43
OV, 43
RI, 43
— Q—
— L—
line fuse
replacing, 34
line voltage conversion, 69
load line, 20
load voltage drops, 24
location, 22
— M—
making measurements, 43
manuals, 21
measurement ranges, 43
multiple loads, 24
— N—
non-volatile memory
clearing, 47
storing, 37, 40
normal mode, 27
query protection, 43
— R—
rack mount kit, 18
rack mounting, 22
rear panel
connections, 28, 30
recalling operating states, 47
remote programming, 19
remote sensing, 25
stability, 26
repacking, 21
RI, 43
signal, 28
RIDFI, 45
RS-232, 46
connections, 30
interface, 30
— S—
— O—
OC, 43
72
safety class, 18
safety warning, 18
Index
saving operating states, 47
selftest errors, 34
sense connections, 25
service guide, 18
setting voltage/current, 42
shift annunciator, 31
shift key, 31
shorting switch, 28
specifications, 49
stability with remote sensing, 26
supplemental characteristics, 50
system errors, 65
system keys, 37
Address, 37
Error, 37
Interface, 37
Local, 37
RCL, 37
Save, 37
Shift, 37
— T—
turn-on checkout, 31, 55
— V—
verification
current measurement accuracy, 55
current programming, 55
equipment, 53
setup, 53
test record, 57
voltage measurement accuracy, 55
voltage programming, 55
verification tests, 31
— W—
warranty, 2
wire
current ratings, 23
wiring considerations, 23
73
HP Sales and Support Office
For more information, call your local HP sales office listed in your telephone directory or an HP
regional office listed below for location of your nearest sales/support office.
United States of America:
Hewlett-Packard Company
Test and Measurement Organization
5301 Stevens Creek Blvd
Bldg 51L-5C
Santa Clara, CA 95052-8059
(800) 452 4844
Asia Pacific:
Hewlett-Packard Asia Pacific Ltd.
17-21/F Shell Tower, Time Square
1 Matheson Street, Causeway Bay,
Hong Kong
(852) 2599 7070
Australia/New Zealand:
Hewlett-Packard Australia Ltd.
31-41 Joseph Street
Blackburn, Victoria 3130
Australia
131 347 ext. 2902
Canada:
Hewlett-Packard Canada Ltd.
5150 Spectrum Way
Mississauga, Ontario L4W 5Gl
(905) 206 4725
74
Europe:
Hewlett-Packard
European Marketing Center
P.O. Box 999
1180 AZ Amstelveen
The Netherlands
Japan:
Yokogawa Hewlett-Packard Ltd.
Measurement Assistance Center
9-1, Takakura-Cho, Hachioji-Shi,
Tokyo, 192, Japan
(81) 426 48 3860
Latin America:
Hewlett-Packard
Latin American Region Headquarters
5200 Blue Lagoon Drive
9th Floor
Miami, Florida 33126
U.S.A.
(305) 267 4245/4220
Manual Updates
The following updates have been made to this manual since the November 1997 printing
indicated on the Printing History page.
7/8/99
Additional information about CV mode operation has been added to page 20.
A note has been added to Table A-1 for the Ripple and Noise specifications and a correction has
been made for Model HP 6631B.
Steps 22 and 23 on page 61 under Low Range Current Measurement Calibration have been
switched.
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