HP 8-UB-1 User manual

HP 8-UB-1 User manual
®
Pump Division
Type:
8-UB-1
CENTRIFUGAL PUMP
USER INSTRUCTIONS:
INSTALLATION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE
PCN=71569247 07-04(E)
(supercedes 6176/6511)
These instructions must be read prior to installing,
operating, using and maintaining this equipment.
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
CONTENTS
PAGE
PAGE
1 INTRODUCTION AND SAFETY ........................... 4
1.1 General ........................................................... 4
1.2 CE marking and approvals.............................. 4
1.3 Disclaimer ....................................................... 4
1.4 Copyright......................................................... 4
1.5 Duty conditions................................................ 4
1.6 Safety .............................................................. 5
1.7 Warning labels summary ................................ 8
1.8 Specific machine performance........................ 8
1.9 Noise level....................................................... 9
6 MAINTENANCE ...................................................20
6.1 General ..........................................................20
6.2 Maintenance schedule...................................20
6.3 Spare parts ....................................................22
6.4 Recommended spares and
consumable items ..........................................22
6.5 Tools required ................................................23
6.6 Fastener torques............................................23
6.7 Renewal clearances ......................................23
6.8 Disassembly ..................................................23
6.9 Examination of parts ......................................24
6.10 Assembly .....................................................24
2 TRANSPORT AND STORAGE ........................... 10
2.1 Consignment receipt and unpacking............. 10
2.2 Handling ........................................................ 10
2.3 Lifting............................................................. 10
2.4 Storage.......................................................... 10
2.5 Recycling and end of product life.................. 10
3 PUMP DESCRIPTION......................................... 11
3.1 Configurations ............................................... 11
3.2 Name nomenclature...................................... 11
3.3 Design of major parts.................................... 11
3.4 Performance and operating limits ................. 11
4 INSTALLATION.................................................... 12
4.1 Location......................................................... 12
4.2 Foundation .................................................... 12
4.3 Grouting ........................................................ 12
4.4 Initial alignment ............................................. 12
4.5 Piping ............................................................ 13
4.6 Final shaft alignment check .......................... 16
4.7 Electrical connections ................................... 16
4.8 Protection systems........................................ 16
7 FAULTS; CAUSES AND REMEDIES ...................27
8 PARTS LISTS AND DRAWINGS .........................29
8.1 Sectional drawings – UB grease
lubricated, gland packed ................................29
8.2 General arrangement drawing.......................30
9 CERTIFICATION..................................................31
10 OTHER RELEVANT DOCUMENTATION
AND MANUALS................................................31
10.1 Supplementary User Instructions ................31
10.2 Change notes ..............................................31
10.3 Additional sources of information ................31
5 COMMISSIONING, START-UP, OPERATION
AND SHUTDOWN ........................................... 16
5.1 Pre-commissioning procedure ...................... 16
5.2 Pump lubricants ............................................ 17
5.3 Direction of rotation ....................................... 17
5.4 Guarding ....................................................... 17
5.5 Priming and auxiliary supplies ...................... 17
5.6 Starting the pump.......................................... 18
5.7 Running the pump......................................... 18
5.8 Stopping and shutdown ................................ 19
5.9 Hydraulic, mechanical and electrical duty..... 19
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UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
INDEX
PAGE
PAGE
Additional sources (10.3) ......................................... 31
Alignment of shafting (4.2, 4.4 and 4.6)
Assembly (6.10)....................................................... 24
ATEX marking (1.6.4.2) ............................................. 7
CE marking and approvals (1.2)................................ 4
Certification (9) ........................................................ 31
Change notes (10.2) ................................................ 31
Clearances (6.7, Renewal clearances).................... 23
Commissioning and operation (5)............................ 16
Compliance, ATEX (1.6.4.1) ...................................... 6
Configurations (3.1) ................................................. 11
Consumable items (6.4) .......................................... 22
Copyright (1.4) ........................................................... 4
Design of major parts (3.3) ...................................... 11
Direction of rotation (5.3) ......................................... 17
Disassembly (6.8) .................................................... 23
Disclaimer (1.3).......................................................... 4
Dismantling (6.8, Disassembly) ............................... 23
Drawings (8) ............................................................ 29
Duty conditions (1.5).................................................. 4
Electrical connections (4.7) ..................................... 16
End of product life (2.5) ........................................... 10
Examination of parts (6.9)........................................ 24
Fastener torques (6.6) ............................................. 23
Faults; causes and remedies (7) ............................. 27
Forces and moments (4.5.3) ................................... 15
Foundation (4.2) ...................................................... 12
General arrangement drawing (8.2) ........................ 30
General assembly drawings (8)............................... 29
Grouting (4.3)........................................................... 12
Guarding (5.4).......................................................... 17
Handling (2.2) .......................................................... 10
Hydraulic, mechanical and electrical duty (5.9) ....... 19
Inspection (6.2.1 and 6.2.2) ..................................... 21
Installation (4) .......................................................... 12
Lifting (2.3) ............................................................... 10
Location (4.1)........................................................... 12
Lubrication (5.2 and 6.2.3)
Lubrication schedule (5.2.2) .................................... 17
Maintenance (6)....................................................... 20
Maintenance schedule (6.2) .................................... 20
Name nomenclature (3.2) ........................................ 11
Nameplate (1.7.1) ...................................................... 8
Operating limits (3.4.1) ............................................ 11
Options (8.1.2) ......................................................... 30
Ordering spare parts (6.3.1) .................................... 22
Parts lists (8)............................................................ 29
Performance (3.4).................................................... 11
Piping (4.5) .............................................................. 13
Pre-commissioning (5.1) ..........................................16
Priming and auxiliary supplies (5.5) .........................17
Protection systems (4.8) ..........................................16
Reassembly (6.10, Assembly) .................................24
Receipt and unpacking (2.1) ....................................10
Recommended grease lubricants (5.2.1) .................17
Recommended spares (6.4).....................................22
Recycling (2.5) .........................................................10
Renewal clearances (6.7).........................................23
Replacement parts (6.3 and 6.4)..............................22
Running the pump (5.7)............................................18
Safety action (1.6.3) ...................................................5
Safety markings (1.6.1) ..............................................5
Safety, protection systems (1.6 and 4.8)
Sectional drawings (8)..............................................29
Sound pressure level (1.9, Noise level) .....................9
Sources, additional information (10.3) .....................31
Spare parts (6.3) ......................................................22
Specific machine performance (1.8) ..........................8
Starting the pump (5.6).............................................18
Stop/start frequency (5.7.6)......................................19
Stopping and shutdown (5.8) ...................................19
Storage, pump (2.4) .................................................10
Storage, spare parts (6.3.2) .....................................22
Supplementary manuals or information sources......31
Supplementary User Instructions (10.1)...................31
Tools required (6.5) ..................................................23
Torques for fasteners (6.6).......................................23
Trouble-shooting (see 7) ..........................................27
Vibration (5.7.5)........................................................19
Warning labels (1.7.2) ................................................8
Page 3 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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1 INTRODUCTION AND SAFETY
and Approvals. To confirm the Approvals applying
and if the product is CE marked, check the serial
number plate markings and the Certification. (See
section 9, Certification.)
1.1 General
These Instructions must always be kept
close to the product's operating location or
directly with the product.
Flowserve products are designed, developed and
manufactured with state-of-the-art technologies in
modern facilities. The unit is produced with great
care and commitment to continuous quality control,
utilising sophisticated quality techniques, and safety
requirements.
Flowserve is committed to continuous quality
improvement and being at service for any further
information about the product in its installation and
operation or about its support products, repair and
diagnostic services.
These instructions are intended to facilitate
familiarization with the product and its permitted use.
Operating the product in compliance with these
instructions is important to help ensure reliability in
service and avoid risks. The instructions may not
take into account local regulations; ensure such
regulations are observed by all, including those
installing the product. Always coordinate repair
activity with operations personnel, and follow all plant
safety requirements and applicable safety and health
laws and regulations.
These instructions should be read prior to
installing, operating, using and maintaining the
equipment in any region worldwide. The
equipment must not be put into service until all
the conditions relating to safety, noted in the
instructions, have been met.
1.2 CE marking and approvals
It is a legal requirement that machinery and
equipment put into service within certain regions of
the world shall conform with the applicable CE
Marking Directives covering Machinery and, where
applicable, Low Voltage Equipment, Electromagnetic
Compatibility (EMC), Pressure Equipment Directive
(PED) and Equipment for Potentially Explosive
Atmospheres (ATEX).
Where applicable, the Directives and any additional
Approvals, cover important safety aspects relating to
machinery and equipment and the satisfactory
provision of technical documents and safety
instructions. Where applicable this document
incorporates information relevant to these Directives
1.3 Disclaimer
Information in these User Instructions is believed to
be reliable. In spite of all the efforts of Flowserve
Pump Division to provide sound and all necessary
information the content of this manual may appear
insufficient and is not guaranteed by Flowserve as
to its completeness or accuracy.
Flowserve manufactures products to exacting
International Quality Management System Standards as
certified and audited by external Quality Assurance
organisations. Genuine parts and accessories have
been designed, tested and incorporated into the
products to help ensure their continued product quality
and performance in use. As Flowserve cannot test
parts and accessories sourced from other vendors the
incorrect incorporation of such parts and accessories
may adversely affect the performance and safety
features of the products. The failure to properly select,
install or use authorised Flowserve parts and
accessories is considered to be misuse. Damage or
failure caused by misuse is not covered by the
Flowserve warranty. In addition, any modification of
Flowserve products or removal of original components
may impair the safety of these products in their use.
1.4 Copyright
All rights reserved. No part of these instructions may
be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or
transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
permission of Flowserve Pump Division.
1.5 Duty conditions
This product has been selected to meet the
specifications of your purchaser order. The
acknowledgement of these conditions has been sent
separately to the Purchaser. A copy should be kept
with these instructions.
The product must not be operated beyond
the parameters specified for the application. If
there is any doubt as to the suitability of the
product for the application intended, contact
Flowserve for advice, quoting the serial number.
If the conditions of service on your purchase order are
going to be changed (for example liquid pumped,
temperature or duty) it is requested that the user seeks
the written agreement of Flowserve before start up.
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1.6 Safety
1.6.1 Summary of safety markings
These User Instructions contain specific safety
markings where non-observance of an instruction would
cause hazards. The specific safety markings are:
This symbol indicates electrical safety
instructions where non-compliance will involve a high
risk to personal safety or the loss of life.
This symbol indicates safety instructions where
non-compliance would affect personal safety and
could result in loss of life.
This symbol indicates “hazardous and toxic fluid”
safety instructions where non-compliance would affect
personal safety and could result in loss of life.
This symbol indicates safety
instructions where non-compliance will involve some
risk to safe operation and personal safety and would
damage the equipment or property.
This symbol indicates explosive atmosphere
zone marking according to ATEX. It is used in safety
instructions where non-compliance in the hazardous
area would cause the risk of an explosion.
This sign is not a safety symbol but indicates
an important instruction in the assembly process.
1.6.2 Personnel qualification and training
All personnel involved in the operation, installation,
inspection and maintenance of the unit must be
qualified to carry out the work involved. If the
personnel in question do not already possess the
necessary knowledge and skill, appropriate training
and instruction must be provided. If required the
operator may commission the manufacturer/supplier
to provide applicable training.
Always coordinate repair activity with operations and
health and safety personnel, and follow all plant
safety requirements and applicable safety and health
laws and regulations.
1.6.3 Safety action
This is a summary of conditions and actions to
help prevent injury to personnel and damage to
the environment and to equipment. For products
used in potentially explosive atmospheres
section 1.6.4 also applies.
NEVER DO MAINTENANCE WORK
WHEN THE UNIT IS CONNECTED TO POWER
GUARDS MUST NOT BE REMOVED WHILE
THE PUMP IS OPERATIONAL
DRAIN THE PUMP AND ISOLATE PIPEWORK
BEFORE DISMANTLING THE PUMP
The appropriate safety precautions should be taken
where the pumped liquids are hazardous.
FLUORO-ELASTOMERS (When fitted.)
When a pump has experienced temperatures over
250 ºC (482 ºF), partial decomposition of fluoroelastomers (example: Viton) will occur. In this
condition these are extremely dangerous and skin
contact must be avoided.
HANDLING COMPONENTS
Many precision parts have sharp corners and the
wearing of appropriate safety gloves and equipment
is required when handling these components. To lift
heavy pieces above 25 kg (55 lb) use a crane
appropriate for the mass and in accordance with
current local regulations.
THERMAL SHOCK
Rapid changes in the temperature of the liquid within
the pump can cause thermal shock, which can result
in damage or breakage of components and should be
avoided.
APPLYING HEAT TO REMOVE IMPELLER
There may be occasions when the impeller has either
been shrunk fit on to the pump shaft or has become
difficult to remove due to products of corrosion.
If you elect to use heat to remove the impeller, it must
be applied quickly to the impeller boss. TAKE
GREAT CARE!
Before applying heat ensure any residual hazardous
liquid trapped between the impeller and pump shaft is
thoroughly drained out through the impeller keyway to
prevent an explosion or emission of toxic vapour.
This must be carried out with the shaft in the vertical
position. On some pump sizes a cavity exists in the
impeller bore so on occasions a significant volume of
liquid may drain out.
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HOT (and cold) PARTS
If hot or freezing components or auxiliary heating
supplies can present a danger to operators and
persons entering the immediate area action must be
taken to avoid accidental contact. If complete
protection is not possible, the machine access must
be limited to maintenance staff only, with clear visual
warnings and indicators to those entering the
immediate area. Note: bearing housings must not be
insulated and drive motors and bearings may be hot.
If the temperature is greater than 68 ºC (175 ºF) or
below 5 ºC (20 ºF) in a restricted zone, or exceeds
local regulations, action as above shall be taken.
HAZARDOUS LIQUIDS
When the pump is handling hazardous liquids care must
be taken to avoid exposure to the liquid by appropriate
siting of the pump, limiting personnel access and by
operator training. If the liquid is flammable and/or
explosive, strict safety procedures must be applied.
Gland packing must not be used when pumping
hazardous liquids.
PREVENT EXCESSIVE EXTERNAL
PIPE LOAD
Do not use pump as a support for piping. Do not
mount expansion joints, unless allowed by Flowserve
in writing, so that their force, due to internal pressure,
acts on the pump flange.
ENSURE CORRECT LUBRICATION
(See section 5, Commissioning, startup, operation
and shutdown.)
START THE PUMP WITH OUTLET
VALVE PARTLY OPENED
(Unless otherwise instructed at a specific point in the
User Instructions.)
This is recommended to minimize the risk of
overloading and damaging the pump motor at full or
zero flow. Pumps may be started with the valve
further open only on installations where this situation
cannot occur. The pump outlet control valve may
need to be adjusted to comply with the duty following
the run-up process. (See section 5, Commissioning
start-up, operation and shutdown.)
NEVER RUN THE PUMP DRY
DO NOT RUN THE PUMP AT
ABNORMALLY HIGH OR LOW FLOW RATES
Operating at a flow rate higher than normal or at a flow
rate with no back pressure on the pump may overload
the motor and cause cavitation. Low flow rates may
cause a reduction in pump/bearing life, overheating of
the pump, instability and cavitation/vibration.
1.6.4 Products used in potentially explosive
atmospheres
•
•
•
•
•
Measures are required to:
Avoid excess temperature
Prevent build up of explosive mixtures
Prevent the generation of sparks
Prevent leakages
Maintain the pump to avoid hazard
The following instructions for pumps and pump units
when installed in potentially explosive atmospheres
must be followed to help ensure explosion protection.
Both electrical and non-electrical equipment must
meet the requirements of European Directive
94/9/EC.
1.6.4.1 Scope of compliance
Use equipment only in the zone for which it is
appropriate. Always check that the driver, drive
coupling assembly, seal and pump equipment are
suitably rated and/or certified for the classification of
the specific atmosphere in which they are to be
installed.
Where Flowserve has supplied only the bare shaft
pump, the Ex rating applies only to the pump. The
party responsible for assembling the pump set shall
select the coupling, driver and any additional
equipment, with the necessary CE Certificate/
Declaration of Conformity establishing it is suitable for
the area in which it is to be installed.
The output from a variable frequency drive (VFD) can
cause additional heating affects in the motor and so,
for pumps sets with a VFD, the ATEX Certification for
the motor must state that it is covers the situation
where electrical supply is from the VFD. This
particular requirement still applies even if the VFD is
in a safe area.
INLET VALVES TO BE FULLY OPEN
WHEN PUMP IS RUNNING
Running the pump at zero flow or below the
recommended minimum flow continuously will cause
damage to the pump and mechanical seal.
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1.6.4.2 Marking
An example of ATEX equipment marking is shown
below. The actual classification of the pump will be
engraved on the nameplate.
II 2 GD c 135 ºC (T4)
If an explosive atmosphere exists during the
installation, do not attempt to check the direction of
rotation by starting the pump unfilled. Even a short
run time may give a high temperature resulting from
contact between rotating and stationary components.
Equipment Group
I = Mining
II = Non-mining
Category
2 or M2 = High level protection
3 = normal level of protection
Where there is any risk of the pump being run against
a closed valve generating high liquid and casing
external surface temperatures it is recommended that
users fit an external surface temperature protection
device.
Gas and/or Dust
G = Gas; D= Dust
c = Constructional safety
(in accordance with prEn13463-5)
Maximum surface temperature (Temperature Class).
(See section 1.6.4.3.)
1.6.4.3 Avoiding excessive surface temperatures
ENSURE THE EQUIPMENT TEMPERATURE
CLASS IS SUITABLE FOR THE HAZARD ZONE
Pumps have a temperature class as stated in the
ATEX Ex rating on the nameplate. These are based
on a maximum ambient of 40 ºC (104 ºF); refer to
Flowserve for higher ambient temperatures.
The surface temperature on the pump is influenced
by the temperature of the liquid handled. The
maximum permissible liquid temperature depends on
the temperature class and must not exceed the
values in the table that follows.
The temperature rise at the seals and bearings and
due to the minimum permitted flow rate is taken into
account in the temperatures stated.
Temperature
class to
prEN 13463-1
T6
T5
T4
T3
T2
T1
Maximum
surface
temperature
permitted
85 °C (185 °F)
100 °C (212 °F)
135 °C (275 °F)
200 °C (392 °F)
300 °C (572 °F)
450 °C (842 °F)
Temperature classification “Tx” is used when the
liquid temperature varies and the pump could be
installed in different hazarous atmospheres. In this
case the user is responsible for ensuring that the
pump surface temperature does not exceed that
permitted in the particular hazardous atmosphere.
Temperature limit of liquid
handled (* depending on
material and construction
variant - check which is lower)
Consult Flowserve
Consult Flowserve
115 °C (239 °F) *
180 °C (356 °F) *
275 °C (527 °F) *
400 °C (752 °F) *
The responsibility for compliance with the
specified maximum liquid temperature is with the
plant operator.
Avoid mechanical, hydraulic or electrical overload by
using motor overload trips, temperature monitor or a
power monitor and make routine vibration monitoring
checks.
In dirty or dusty environments, regular checks must
be made and dirt removed from areas around close
clearances, bearing housings and motors.
1.6.4.4 Preventing the build up of explosive
mixtures
ENSURE THE PUMP IS PROPERLY FILLED
AND VENTED AND DOES NOT RUN DRY
Ensure the pump and relevant suction and discharge
pipeline system is totally filled with liquid at all times
during the pump operation, so that an explosive
atmosphere is prevented. In addition it is essential to
make sure that seal chambers, auxiliary shaft seal
systems and any heating and cooling systems are
properly filled.
If the operation of the system cannot avoid this
condition the fitting of an appropriate dry run
protection device is recommended (for example liquid
detection or a power monitor).
To avoid potential hazards from fugitive emissions of
vapour or gas to atmosphere the surrounding area
must be well ventilated.
1.6.4.5 Preventing sparks
To prevent a potential hazard from mechanical
contact, the coupling guard must be non-sparking
and anti-static for Category 2.
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To avoid the potential hazard from random induced
current generating a spark, the earth contact on the
baseplate must be used.
Avoid electrostatic charge: do not rub non-metallic
surfaces with a dry cloth; ensure cloth is damp.
The coupling must be selected to comply with 94/9/EC
and correct alignment must be maintained.
1.7 Warning labels summary
1.7.1 Nameplate
For details of nameplate, see the Declaration of
Conformity, or separate documentation included with
these User Instructions.
1.7.2 Warning labels
1.6.4.6 Preventing leakage
The pump must only be used to handle liquids
for which it has been approved to have the correct
corrosion resistance.
Avoid entrapment of liquid in the pump and associated
piping due to closing of suction and discharge valves,
which could cause dangerous excessive pressures to
occur if there is heat input to the liquid. This can occur if
the pump is stationary or running.
Bursting of liquid containing parts due to freezing
must be avoided by draining or protecting the pump
and ancillary systems.
Where there is the potential hazard of a loss of a seal
barrier fluid or external flush, the fluid must be
monitored.
If leakage of liquid to atmosphere can result in a
hazard, the installation of a liquid detection device is
recommended.
Oil lubricated units only:
1.6.4.7 Maintenance to avoid the hazard
CORRECT MAINTENANCE IS REQUIRED TO
AVOID POTENTIAL HAZARDS WHICH GIVE A
RISK OF EXPLOSION
The responsibility for compliance with
maintenance instructions is with the plant
operator.
To avoid potential explosion hazards during
maintenance, the tools, cleaning and painting
materials used must not give rise to sparking or
adversely affect the ambient conditions. Where there
is a risk from such tools or materials, maintenance
must be conducted in a safe area.
1.8 Specific machine performance
For performance parameters see section 1.5, Duty
conditions. When the contract requirement specifies
these to be incorporated into User Instructions these
are included here. Where performance data has
been supplied separately to the purchaser these
should be obtained and retained with these User
Instructions if required.
It is recommended that a maintenance plan and
schedule is adopted. (See section 6, Maintenance.)
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1.9 Noise level
The figures are indicative only, they are subject to a
+3 dB tolerance, and cannot be guaranteed.
When pump noise level exceeds 85 dB(A) attention
must be given to prevailing Health and Safety
Legislation, to limit the exposure of plant operating
personnel to the noise. The usual approach is to
control exposure time to the noise or to enclose the
machine to reduce emitted sound. You may have
already specified a limiting noise level when the
equipment was ordered, however if no noise
requirements were defined then machines above a
certain power level will exceed 85 dB(A). In such
situations consideration must be given to the fitting of
an acoustic enclosure to meet local regulations.
The values are based on the noisiest ungeared
electric motors that are likely to be encountered.
They represent sound pressure levels at 1 m (3.3 ft)
from the directly driven pump, for "free field over a
reflecting plane".
If a pump unit only has been purchased, for fitting
with your own driver, then the "pump only" noise
levels from the table should be combined with the
level for the driver obtained from the supplier. If the
motor is driven by an inverter it may show an
increase in noise level at some speeds. Consult a
Noise Specialist for the combined calculation.
Pump noise level is dependent on a number of
factors - the type of motor fitted, the operating
capacity, pipework design and acoustic
characteristics of the building. Typical sound
pressure levels measured in dB, and A-weighted are
shown in the table below.
For units driven by equipment other than electric
motors or units contained within enclosures, see the
accompanying information sheets and manuals.
Typical sound pressure level, dBA, LpA at 1 m reference 20 µPa (LwA sound power 1 pW where LpA > 85 dBA)
Motor size
and speed
kW (hp)
①
3550 r/min
Pump and
motor
dBA
Pump
only
dBA
2900 r/min
Pump and
motor
dBA
Pump
only
dBA
1750 r/min
Pump and
motor
dBA
Pump
only
dBA
1450 r/min
Pump and
motor
dBA
<0.55 (<0.75)
71 (88)
66 (83)
64 (81)
62 (79)
64 (81)
62 (79)
63 (80)
0.75 (1)
74 (91)
66 (83)
67 (84)
62 (79)
67 (84)
62 (79)
63 (80)
1.1 (1.5)
74 (91)
68 (85)
67 (84)
64 (81)
67 (84)
64 (81)
65 (82)
1.5 (2)
77 (94)
70 (87)
70 (87)
66 (83)
70 (87)
66 (83)
66 (83)
2.2 (3)
78 (95)
72 (89)
71 (88)
68 (85)
71 (88)
68 (85)
68 (85)
3 (4)
81 (98)
74 (91)
74 (91)
70 (87)
74 (91)
70 (87)
70 (87)
4 (5)
82 (99)
75 (92)
75 (92)
71 (88)
75 (92)
71 (88)
71 (88)
5.5 (7.5)
90 (107)
77 (94)
83 (100)
73 (90)
76 (93)
73 (90)
72 (89)
7.5 (10)
90 (107)
78 (95)
83 (100)
74 (91)
77 (94)
74 (91)
73 (90)
11 (15)
91 (108)
80 (97)
84 (101)
76 (93)
78 (95)
76 (93)
74 (91)
15 (20)
92 (109)
83 (100)
85 (102)
79 (96)
80 (97)
79 (96)
76 (93)
18.5 (25)
92 (109)
83 (100)
85 (102)
79 (96)
80 (97)
79 (96)
76 (93)
22 (30)
92 (109)
83 (100)
85 (102)
79 (96)
81 (98)
79 (96)
77 (94)
30 (40)
100 (117)
85 (102)
93 (110)
81 (98)
84 (101)
80 (97)
80 (97)
37 (50)
100 (117)
86 (103)
93 (110)
82 (99)
84 (101)
80 (97)
80 (97)
45 (60)
100 (117)
87 (104)
93 (110)
83 (100)
84 (101)
80 (97)
80 (97)
55 (75)
100 (117)
88 (105)
95 (112)
84 (101)
86 (103)
81 (98)
82 (99)
75 (100)
100 (117)
90 (107)
95 (112)
86 (103)
88 (105)
81 (98)
83 (100)
90 (120)
100 (117)
90 (107)
95 (112)
86 (103)
90 (107)
81 (98)
85 (102)
110 (150)
100 (117)
91 (108)
95 (112)
87 (104)
91 (108)
83 (100)
86 (103)
150 (200)
101 (118)
92 (109)
96 (113)
88 (105)
91 (108)
83 (100)
86 (103)
①
①
①
①
①
①
200 (270)
83 (100)
①
①
300 (400)
84 (101)
①
①
500 (670)
85 (102)
①
①
1000 (1300)
86 (103)
①
①
1500 (2000)
90 (107)
Motors in this range are generally job specific and noise levels should be calculated based on actual equipment installed.
For 960 r/min reduce 1450 r/min values by 5 dBA.
Page 9 of 32
Pump
only
dBA
62 (79)
62 (79)
64 (81)
66 (83)
68 (85)
70 (87)
71 (88)
71 (88)
72 (89)
73 (90)
75 (92)
75 (92)
75 (92)
76 (93)
76 (93)
76 (93)
77 (94)
78 (95)
78 (95)
79 (96)
79 (96)
80 (97)
81 (98)
83 (100)
86 (103)
88 (105)
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
2 TRANSPORT AND STORAGE
2.1 Consignment receipt and unpacking
Immediately after receipt of the equipment it must be
checked against the delivery and shipping documents
for its completeness and that there has been no
damage in transportation.
Any shortage and or damage must be reported
immediately to Flowserve Pump Division and
received in writing within one month of receipt of the
equipment. Later claims cannot be accepted.
Check any crates, boxes and wrappings for any
accessories or spare parts that may be packed
separately with the equipment or attached to side
walls of the box or equipment.
Each product has a unique serial number. Check
that this number corresponds with that advised and
always quote this number in correspondence as well
as when ordering spare parts or further accessories.
2.2 Handling
Boxes, crates, pallets or cartons may be unloaded
using fork lift vehicles or slings dependent on their
size and construction.
When there are no specific lifting points on the baseplate
A crane must be used for all pump sets in
excess of 25 kg (55 lb.). Fully trained personnel must
carry out lifting, in accordance with local regulations.
The driver weight is recorded on its nameplate or
massplate.
2.4 Storage
Store the pump in a clean, dry
location away from vibration. Leave piping
connection covers in place to keep dirt and other
foreign material out of pump casing. Turn pump at
intervals to prevent brinelling of the bearings and the
seal faces, if fitted, from sticking.
2.3 Lifting
The pump may be stored as above for up to 6
months. Consult Flowserve for preservative actions
when a longer storage period is needed.
To avoid distortion, the pump unit
should be lifted as shown.
2.5 Recycling and end of product life
At the end of the service life of the product or its
parts, the relevant materials and parts should be
recycled or disposed of using an environmentally
acceptable method and local regulations. If the
product contains substances that are harmful to the
environment, these should be removed and disposed
of in accordance with current regulations. This also
includes the liquids and or gases that may be used in
the "seal system" or other utilities.
Make sure that hazardous substances are
disposed of safely and that the correct personal
protective equipment is used. The safety
specifications must be in accordance with the current
regulations at all times.
Page 10 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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3.3.5 Bearing housing
Two grease nipples enable grease lubricated bearings
to be replenished between major service intervals.
3 PUMP DESCRIPTION
3.1 Configurations
The 8-UB-1pump is a horizontal split casing two stage
volute type centrifugal pump designed for water works,
drainage, general service and circulating applications. It
can be used with motor, steam turbine and gasoline or
diesel engine drive.
It has the following horizontal configuration:
3.3.6 Seal housing
The design enables one of a number of sealing
options to be fitted.
3.3.7 Shaft seal
The mechanical seal(s), attached to the pump shaft, seals
the pumped liquid from the environment. Gland packing
may be fitted as an option.
3.3.8 Driver
The driver is normally an electric motor. Different drive
configurations may be fitted such as internal combustion
engines, turbines, hydraulic motors etc driving via
couplings, belts, gearboxes, drive shafts etc.
3.3.9 Accessories
Accessories may be fitted when specified by the
customer.
3.2 Name nomenclature
The pump size will be engraved on the nameplate
typically as below:
8-UB- 1
Nominal discharge branch size
Configuration – see 3.1 above
The typical nomenclature above is the general guide
to the UB configuration description. Identify the
actual pump size and serial number from the pump
nameplate. Check that this agrees with the
applicable certification provided.
3.3 Design of major parts
3.3.1 Pump casing
The pump has its main casing gasket axial to the
shaft allowing maintenance to the rotating element by
removing the top half casing. Suction and discharge
branches are in the bottom half and therefore remain
undisturbed.
3.3.2 Impellers
The impellers are fully shrouded and may be fitted
with optional hub rings.
3.3.3 Shaft
The large diameter stiff shaft, mounted on bearings,
has a keyed drive end.
3.4 Performance and operating limits
This product has been selected to meet the
specifications of your purchase order, see section 1.5.
The following data is included as additional information to
help with your installation. It is typical, and factors such
as temperature, materials, and seal type may influence
this data. If required, a definitive statement for your
particular application can be obtained from Flowserve.
3.4.1 Operating limits
- 20 to + 120 ºC
(- 4 to + 250 ºF)
- 20 to + 40 ºC
Maximum ambient temperature*
(- 4 to +104 ºF)
up to 3 % by volume
Maximum soft solids in suspension*
(refer for size limits)
refer to the nameplate
Maximum pump speed
*Subject to written agreement from Flowserve.
Pumped liquid temperature limits*
3.4.2 Pump and impeller data
Pump
size
Impeller
minimum
passage
size
mm (in.)
Nominal
wear
ring
diameter
mm (in.)
Mean
radial
wear ring
clearance
mm (in.) *
8-UB-1
17.5 (0.69)
266.7 (10.5)
0.19 (0.0075)
*May be up to 0.13 mm (0.005 in.) larger if casing ring and impeller
have a tendency to gaul.
3.3.4 Pump bearings and lubrication
Ball bearings are fitted as standard and may be either
oil or grease lubricated.
Page 11 of 32
Pump
size
Nominal diaphragm
bush diameter
mm (in.)
Mean radial
bush clearance
mm (in.)
8-UB-1
127 (5)
0.11 (0.0045)
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
4 INSTALLATION
Refer to the general arrangement drawing for the
pump set.
e) If the pump is driven via a universal joint drive
shaft there may be a requirement to offset the
pump shaft with respect to the driver to optimize
the universal joint drive shaft bearing life. This
offset will typically be in the range 0 to 4 degrees
depending on shaft design. Please consult the
separate User Instructions before installation.
f) Any support for the universal joint drive shaft
plummer blocks must not exhibit resonant
frequencies in the range 0.8 to 1.2 N where
N = pump running speed.
g) If not supplied, guarding shall be fitted as
necessary to meet the requirements of EN292
and EN953 and or any applicable local safety
regulations.
4.2 Foundation
4.3 Grouting
Equipment operated in hazardous locations
must comply with the relevant explosion protection
regulations. See section 1.6.4, Products used in
potentially explosive atmospheres.
4.1 Location
The pump should be located to allow room for
access, ventilation, maintenance and inspection with
ample headroom for lifting and should be as close as
practicable to the supply of liquid to be pumped.
There are many methods of installing
pump units to their foundations. The correct method
depends on the size of the pump unit, its location and
noise vibration limitations. Non-compliance with the
provision of correct foundation and installation may
lead to failure of the pump and, as such, would be
outside the terms of the warranty. Ensure the
following are met.
a) The baseplate should be mounted onto a firm
foundation, either an appropriate thickness of
quality concrete or sturdy steel framework. (It
should NOT be distorted or pulled down onto the
surface of the foundation, but should be
supported to maintain the original alignment.)
b) Install the baseplate onto packing pieces evenly
spaced and adjacent to foundation bolts.
Where applicable, grout in the foundation bolts.
After adding pipework connections and rechecking
the coupling alignment, the baseplate should then be
grouted in accordance with good engineering
practice. Fabricated steel, cast iron and epoxy
baseplates can be filled with grout. Folded steel
baseplates should be grouted to locate their packing
pieces. If in any doubt, please contact your nearest
service centre for advice.
Grouting provides solid contact between the pump
unit and foundation, prevents lateral movement of
running equipment and dampens resonant vibrations.
Foundation bolts should only be fully tightened when
the grout has cured.
4.4 Initial alignment
4.4.1 Thermal expansion
The pump and motor will normally
have to be aligned at ambient temperature and
should be corrected to allow for thermal expansion at
operating temperature. In pump installations
involving high liquid temperatures, the unit should be
run at the actual operating temperature, shut down
and the alignment checked immediately.
c) Level with shims between baseplate and packing
pieces.
d) The pump and driver have been aligned before
dispatch however the alignment of pump and motor
half coupling must be checked. If this is incorrect, it
indicates that the baseplate has become twisted
and should be corrected by re-shimming.
Page 12 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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4.4.2 Alignment methods
Ensure pump and driver are isolated
electrically and the half couplings are disconnected.
The alignment MUST be checked.
Although the pump will have been aligned at the
factory it is most likely that this alignment will have
been disturbed during transportation or handling. If
necessary, align the motor to the pump, not the pump
to the motor.
Alignment is achieved by adding or removing shims
under the motor feet and also moving the motor
horizontally as required. In some cases where the
alignment cannot be achieved it will be necessary to
move the pump before recommencing the above
procedure.
For couplings with narrow flanges use a dial indicator
as shown below to check both parallel and angular
alignment.
Parallel
Pumps with thick flanged non-spacer couplings can
be aligned by using a straight-edge across the
outside diameters of the coupling hubs and
measuring the gap between the machined faces
using feeler gauges, measuring wedge or callipers.
When the electric motor has sleeve bearings it is
necessary to ensure that the motor is aligned to run
on its magnetic centreline.
Refer to the motor manual for details.
A button (screwed into one of the shaft ends) is
normally fitted between the motor and pump shaft
ends to fix the axial position.
If the motor does not run in its
magnetic centre the resultant additional axial force
may overload the pump thrust bearing.
Complete piping as below and see sections 4.6,
Final shaft alignment check up to and including
section 5, Commissioning, startup, operation and
shutdown before connecting driver and checking
actual rotation.
4.5 Piping
Protective covers are fitted to the pipe
connections to prevent foreign bodies entering during
transportation and installation. Ensure that these
covers are removed from the pump before connecting
any pipes.
Angular
Maximum permissible misalignment at working
temperature:
Parallel 0.2 mm (0.008 in.) TIR
Angular 0.1 mm (0.004 in.) TIR
When checking parallel alignment, the total indicator
read-out (TIR) shown is twice the value of the actual
shaft displacement.
Align in the vertical plane first, then horizontally by
moving motor. When performing final alignment, check
for soft-foot under the driver. A TIR indicator placed on
the coupling, reading in the vertical direction, should not
indicate more than 0.05 mm (0.002 in.) movement when
any driver foot fastener is loosened.
While the pump is capable of operating with the
maximum misalignment shown above, maximum pump
reliability is obtained by near perfect alignment of 0.05
to 0.10 mm (0.002 to 0.004 in.) TIR parallel and 0.05
mm (0.002 in.) per 100 mm (4 in.) of coupling flange
diameter as TIR angular misalignment. This covers the
full series of couplings available.
4.5.1 Suction and discharge pipework
In order to minimize friction losses and hydraulic
noise in the pipework it is good practice to choose
pipework that is one or two sizes larger than the
pump suction and discharge. Typically main
pipework velocities should not exceed 2 m/s (6 ft/sec)
suction and 3 m/s (9 ft/sec) on the discharge.
Take into account the available NPSH, which must be
higher than the required NPSH of the pump.
Never use the pump as a support for
piping.
Maximum forces and moments allowed on the pump
flanges vary with the pump size and type. To minimize
these forces and moments that may, if excessive,
cause misalignment, hot bearings, worn couplings,
vibration and the possible failure of the pump casing,
the following points should be strictly followed:
Page 13 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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•
•
•
Prevent excessive external pipe load
Never draw piping into place by applying force to
pump flange connections
Do not mount expansion joints so that their force,
due to internal pressure, acts on the pump flange
Typical design – flooded suction
Discharge
isolating
valve
Non
return
valve
Concentric
conical
reducer
Eccentric
conical
reducer
Suction
isolating
valve
>5D
The table in 4.5.3 summarizes the maximum forces
and moments allowed on horizontal shaft pump
casings.
Slope up from
pump suction
Ensure piping and fittings are flushed
before use.
Ensure piping for hazardous liquids is arranged
to allow pump flushing before removal of the pump.
4.5.2 Suction piping
a) The inlet pipe should be one or two sizes larger
than the pump inlet bore and pipe bends should
be as large a radius as possible.
b) Pipework reducers should be conical and have a
maximum total angle of divergence of 15 degrees.
c) On suction lift the piping should be inclined up
towards the pump inlet with eccentric reducers
incorporated to prevent air locks.
d) On positive suction, the inlet piping must have a
constant fall towards the pump.
e) Flow should enter the pump suction with uniform
flow, to minimize noise and wear. This is
particularly important on large or high-speed
pumps, which should have a minimum of five
diameters of straight pipe on the pump suction
between the elbow and inlet flange. See section
10.3, Reference 1, for more detail.
f) Inlet strainers, when used, should have a net `free
area' of at least three times the inlet pipe area.
g) Do not install elbows at an angle other than
perpendicular to the shaft axis. Elbows parallel
to the shaft axis will cause uneven flow.
h) Except in unusual circumstances strainers are
not recommended in inlet piping. If considerable
foreign matter is expected a screen installed at
the entrance to the wet well is preferable.
i) Fitting an isolation valve will allow easier
maintenance.
j) Never throttle pump on suction side and never
place a valve directly on the pump inlet nozzle.
Note:
Ideally reducers should be limited to one pipe diameter change,
ie 150 mm (6 in.) to 200 mm (8 in.). Must have a maximum total
angle of divergence of 15 degrees.
Typical design – suction lift
Discharge
isolating
valve
Non
return
valve
Concentric
conical
reducer
Eccentric
conical
reducer
>5D
Slope down
from pump
suction
Long
radius
bend
Notes:
1. S = Minimum submergence >3E.
2. Ideally reducers to be limited to one pipe diameter change,
ie 150 mm (6 in.) to 200 mm (8 in.). Must have a maximum
total angle of divergence of 15 degrees.
Page 14 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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4.5.3 Maximum forces and moments allowed on the pump suction and discharge flanges of horizontal
shaft pumps
Type and size
8-UB-1
Fx
7.35
(1653)
Fy
5.78
(1299)
Maximum forces (F) in kN (lbf) and maximum moments (M) in kNm (lbf·ft)
Suction
Discharge
Fz
Mx
My
Mz
Fx
Fy
Fz
Mx
4.20
4.25
2.25
3.00
3.84
4.40
3.20
2.20
(944)
(3134)
(1659)
(2212)
(863)
(989)
(719)
(1622)
Notes:
1) F = External force (tension or compression).
M = External moment, clockwise or counter-clockwise.
2) Forces and moments may be applied simultaneously in any
direction.
3) Values apply to all materials.
4) Higher loads may be applicable, if direction and magnitude of
individual loads are known, but these need written approval
from Flowserve Pumps.
5) Pumps must be on rigid foundations and baseplates must be
fully grouted
6) Pump/baseplate should not be used as pipe anchor. Suction
and discharge piping should be anchored as close as possible
to the pump flanges to reduce vibration and prevent strain on
the pump casing. Expansion joints are recommended. They
must be properly tied and located on the side of the pipe anchor
away from the pump.
7) The pump mounting bolt torques specified must be used to
prevent relative movement between the pump casing and
baseplate. (See section 6.6, Fastener torques.) The bolt
material must have a minimum yield strength of 600 N/mm2
(87 000 lb/in.2).
4.5.4 Discharge piping
See section 4.5.2 for typical pipework design.
A non-return valve should be located in the discharge
pipework to protect the pump from excessive back
pressure and hence reverse rotation when the unit is
stopped.
Pipework reducers should have a maximum total
angle of divergence of 9 degrees.
My
1.20
(885)
Mz
1.60
(1180)
4.5.5 Auxiliary piping
4.5.5.1 Drains
Pipe pump casing drains and gland leakage to a
convenient disposal point.
4.5.5.2 Pumps fitted with packed gland
When suction pressure is below ambient pressure it
is necessary to feed the gland packing with liquid to
provide lubrication and prevent the ingress of air.
This is normally achieved with a supply from the
pump discharge volute to the stuffing box.
If the pumped liquid is dirty and cannot be used for
sealing, a separate clean compatible liquid supply to
the gland at 1 bar (15 psi) above suction pressure is
recommended.
4.5.5.3 Pumps fitted with mechanical seals
Single seals requiring re-circulation will normally be
provided with the auxiliary piping from pump casing
already fitted.
If the seal requires an auxiliary quench then a
connection must be made to a suitable source of
liquid flow, low pressure steam or static pressure from
a header tank. Recommended pressure is 0.35 bar
(5 psi) or less. Check General arrangement drawing.
Fitting an isolation valve will allow easier maintenance.
Page 15 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
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Special seals may require different auxiliary piping to
that described above. Consult separate User
Instructions and or Flowserve if unsure of correct
method or arrangement.
For pumping hot liquids, to avoid seal damage, it is
recommended that any external flush/cooling supply
be continued after stopping the pump.
4.5.6 Final checks
Check the tightness of all bolts in the suction and
discharge pipework. Check also the tightness of all
foundation bolts.
4.6 Final shaft alignment check
After connecting piping to the pump, rotate the shaft
several times by hand to ensure there is no binding
and all parts are free.
Recheck the coupling alignment, as previously
described, to ensure no pipe strain. If pipe strain
exists, correct piping.
If not supplied pre-wired to the pump unit, the
controller/starter electrical details will also be supplied
within the controller/starter.
For electrical details on pump sets with controllers
see the separate wiring diagram.
See section 5.3, Direction of rotation
before connecting the motor to the electrical supply.
4.8 Protection systems
The following protection systems are
recommended particularly if the pump is installed in a
potentially explosive area or is handling a hazardous
liquid. If in doubt consult Flowserve.
If there is any possibility of the system allowing the
pump to run against a closed valve or below
minimum continuous safe flow a protection device
should be installed to ensure the temperature of the
liquid does not rise to an unsafe level.
Electrical connections must be made
by a qualified Electrician in accordance with relevant
local, national and international regulations.
If there are any circumstances in which the system
can allow the pump to run dry, or start up empty, a
power monitor should be fitted to stop the pump or
prevent it from being started. This is particularly
relevant if the pump is handling a flammable liquid.
It is important to be aware of the EUROPEAN
DIRECTIVE on potentially explosive areas where
compliance with IEC60079-14 is an additional
requirement for making electrical connections.
If leakage of product from the pump or its associated
sealing system can cause a hazard it is
recommended that an appropriate leakage detection
system is installed.
It is important to be aware of the EUROPEAN
DIRECTIVE on electromagnetic compatibility when
wiring up and installing equipment on site. Attention
must be paid to ensure that the techniques used during
wiring/installation do not increase electromagnetic
emissions or decrease the electromagnetic immunity of
the equipment, wiring or any connected devices. If in
any doubt contact Flowserve for advice.
To prevent excessive surface temperatures at
bearings it is recommended that temperature or
vibration monitoring are carried out. See sections
5.7.4 and 5.7.5.
4.7 Electrical connections
The motor must be wired up in
accordance with the motor manufacturer's instructions
(normally supplied within the terminal box) including
any temperature, earth leakage, current and other
protective devices as appropriate. The identification
nameplate should be checked to ensure the power
supply is appropriate.
5 COMMISSIONING, START-UP,
OPERATION AND SHUTDOWN
These operations must be carried
out by fully qualified personnel.
5.1 Pre-commissioning procedure
Pumps and electric motors are supplied pre-greased.
Other drivers and gearboxes, if appropriate, should
be lubricated in accordance with their manuals.
A device to provide emergency stopping must
be fitted.
Page 16 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
5.2 Pump lubricants
5.3 Direction of rotation
5.2.1 Recommended grease lubricants
Grease nipples
Grease
NLGI 2 *
NLGI 3 **
Temp. range ºC
(ºF)
-20 to +100
(-4 to +212)
-20 to +100
(-4 to +212)
Designation
according to DIN
K2K-20
K2K 30
BP
Energrease LS2
Energrease LS3
DEA
Glissando 20
Glissando 30
Elf
Elfmulti 2
Elfmulti 3
Esso
Beacon 2
Beacon 3
Mobil
Mobilux 2
Mobilux 3
Q8
Rembrandt 2
Rembrandt 3
Shell
Alvania Fett G2
Alvania Fett R2
Alvania R3
Texaco
Multilak 20
Multilak EP2
Multilak 30
Multilak EP3
Wintershall
(BASF Group)
Wiolub LFK 2
-
SKF
LGMT 2
LGMT 3
Silkolene
G55/T
G56/T
* NLGI 2 is an alternative grease and is not to be mixed with other
grades.
** Factory packed bearings for the temperature range with grease
nipples.
5.2.2
Lubrication schedule
When grease nipples are fitted, one charge between
grease changes is advisable for most operating
conditions, ie 2 000 hours interval.
Normal intervals between grease changes are 4 000
hours or at least every 6 months.
Ensure the pump is given the same
rotation as the pump direction arrow cast on the
pump casing.
To avoid dry running the pump must either be filled
with liquid or have the flexible coupling disconnected
before driver is switched on.
If maintenance work has been carried
out to the site's electricity supply, the direction of
rotation should be re-checked as above in case the
supply phasing has been altered.
5.4 Guarding
Guarding is supplied fitted to the pump set.
If this has been removed or disturbed ensure that all
the protective guards around the pump coupling and
exposed parts of the shaft are securely fixed.
5.5 Priming and auxiliary supplies
Ensure all electrical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, sealant and lubrication systems (as
applicable) are connected and operational.
Ensure the inlet pipe and pump casing
are completely full of liquid before starting continuous
duty operation.
5.5.1 Suction pressure above atmospheric
pressure
Horizontal pumps: open vent connection (1) on top of
the pump upper casing to allow the trapped air to
escape. Let liquid run out until free from air bubbles.
The characteristics of the installation and severity of
service will determine the frequency of lubrication.
Lubricant and bearing temperature analysis can be
useful in optimising lubricant change intervals.
The bearing temperature may be allowed to rise to
55 °C (131 °F) above ambient but should not exceed
95 °C (204 °F). For most operating conditions a quality
grease having a lithium soap base and NLGI
consistency of No 2 or No 3 is recommended. The
drop point should exceed 175 °C (350 °F).
Never mix greases containing different
bases, thickeners or additives.
Page 17 of 32
(1) Possible
priming
points
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
5.5.2 Suction lift with foot valve fitted
Fill suction pipe and casing with liquid at a pressure
of 1 to 2 bar from an external source. Vent as
described in section 5.5.1.
5.5.3 Suction lift without foot valve
Pump casing vents on the suction volute must be
connected to an external vacuum pump priming
system. If in doubt please consult Flowserve.
Possible
priming
points
To vacuum
pump
5.7.2 Pumps fitted with packed gland
If the pump has a packed gland there must be some
leakage from the gland. Gland nuts should initially be
finger-tight only. Leakage should take place soon
after the stuffing box is pressurised.
The gland must be adjusted evenly to give
visible leakage and concentric alignment of the gland
to avoid excess temperature. If no leakage takes
place the packing will begin to overheat. If
overheating takes place the pump should be stopped
and allowed to cool before being re-started. When
the pump is re-started, check to ensure leakage is
taking place at the packed gland.
If hot liquids are being pumped it may be necessary
to slacken the gland nuts to achieve leakage.
The pump should be run for 30 minutes with steady
leakage and the gland nuts tightened by 10 degrees
at a time until leakage is reduced to an acceptable
level, normally a minimum of 120 drops per minute is
required. Bedding in of the packing may take another
30 minutes.
5.6 Starting the pump
a)
Ensure flushing and/or cooling/
heating liquid supplies are turned ON before
starting the pump.
b) CLOSE the outlet valve.
c) OPEN all inlet valves.
d) Prime the pump.
Care must be taken when adjusting the gland
on an operating pump. Safety gloves are essential.
Loose clothing must not be worn to avoid being
caught up by the pump shaft. Shaft guards must be
replaced after the gland adjustment is complete.
Ensure all vent connections are closed
before starting.
f) Start motor and check outlet pressure.
g) If the pressure is satisfactory, slowly OPEN outlet
control valve.
a short time.
h)
Before pumping dirty liquids it is advisable, if
possible, to run in the pump mechanical seal using
clean liquid to safeguard the seal face.
e)
i)
Do not run the pump with the
outlet valve closed for a period longer than 30
seconds.
If NO pressure, or LOW pressure, STOP the
pump. Refer to section 7, Faults; causes and
remedies, for fault diagnosis.
5.7 Running the pump
Never run gland packing dry, even for
5.7.3 Pumps fitted with mechanical seal
Mechanical seals require no adjustment. Any slight
initial leakage will stop when the seal is run in.
External flush or quench should be
started before the pump is run and allowed to flow for
a period after the pump has stopped.
Never run a mechanical seal dry,
even for a short time.
5.7.1 Venting the pump
Vent the pump to enable all trapped air to
escape taking due care with hot or hazardous liquids.
Under normal operating conditions, after the pump
has been fully primed and vented, it should be
unnecessary to re-vent the pump.
5.7.4 Bearings
If the pumps are working in a potentially
explosive atmosphere, temperature or vibration
monitoring at the pump bearings is recommended.
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If bearing temperatures are to be monitored it is
essential that a benchmark temperature is recorded
at the commissioning stage and after the bearing
temperature has stabilized.
• Record the bearing temperature (t) adjacent to
the bearing and the ambient temperature (ta)
• Estimate the likely maximum ambient
temperature (tb)
• Set the alarm at (t+tb-ta+5) °C [(t+tb-ta+10) °F]
and the trip at 100 °C (212 °F) for oil lubrication
and 105 °C (220 °F) for grease lubrication
It is important, particularly with grease lubrication, to
keep a check on bearing temperatures. After start up
the temperature rise should be gradual, reaching a
maximum after approximately 1.5 to 2 hours. This
temperature rise should then remain constant or
marginally reduce with time. (Refer to section 6.2.3.1
for further information.)
5.7.5 Normal vibration levels, alarm and trip
For guidance, pumps generally fall under a
classification for rigid support machines within the
International rotating machinery standards and the
recommended maximum levels below are based on
those standards.
Alarm and trip values for installed
pumps should be based on the actual measurements
(N) taken on the pump in the fully commissioned as
new condition. Measuring vibration adjacent to the
pump bearings at regular intervals will then show any
deterioration in pump or system operating conditions.
Horizontal
pumps
Vertical
pumps
Vibration velocity – unfiltered
mm/s (in./s) r.m.s.
Normal
N
≤ 5.6 (0.22)
≤ 7.1 (0.28)
Alarm
≤ 7.1 (0.28)
≤ 9.0 (0.35)
≤ 11.2 (0.44)
≤ 14.2 (0.56)
N x 1.25
Shutdown trip N x 2.0
5.7.6 Stop/start frequency
Pump sets are normally suitable for the number of
equally spaced stop/starts per hour shown in the
table below. Check actual capability of the driver and
control/starting system before commissioning.
Motor rating kW (hp)
Up to 15 (20)
Between 15 (20) and 90 (120)
Above 90 (120)
Maximum stop/starts
per hour
15
10
6
Where duty and standby pumps are installed it is
recommended that they are run alternately every
week.
5.8 Stopping and shutdown
a)
Close the outlet valve, but ensure
that the pump runs in this condition for no more
than a few seconds.
b) Stop the pump.
c) Switch off flushing and/or cooling/heating liquid
supplies at a time appropriate to the process.
d)
For prolonged shut-downs and
especially when ambient temperatures are likely
to drop below freezing point, the pump and any
cooling and flushing arrangements must be
drained or otherwise protected.
5.9 Hydraulic, mechanical and electrical
duty
This product has been supplied to meet the
performance specifications of your purchase order,
however it is understood that during the life of the
product these may change. The following notes may
help the user decide how to evaluate the implications
of any change. If in doubt contact your nearest
Flowserve office.
5.9.1 Specific gravity (SG)
Pump capacity and total head in metres (feet) do not
change with SG, however pressure displayed on a
pressure gauge is directly proportional to SG. Power
absorbed is also directly proportional to SG. It is
therefore important to check that any change in SG
will not overload the pump driver or over-pressurize
the pump.
5.9.2 Viscosity
For a given flow rate the total head reduces with
increased viscosity and increases with reduced
viscosity. Also for a given flow rate the power
absorbed increases with increased viscosity, and
reduces with reduced viscosity. It is important that
checks are made with your nearest Flowserve office if
changes in viscosity are planned.
5.9.3 Pump speed
Changing pump speed effects flow, total head, power
absorbed, NPSHR, noise and vibration. Flow varies
in direct proportion to pump speed, head varies as
speed ratio squared and power varies as speed ratio
cubed. The new duty, however, will also be
dependent on the system curve. If increasing the
speed, it is important therefore to ensure the
maximum pump working pressure is not exceeded,
the driver is not overloaded, NPSHA > NPSHR, and
that noise and vibration are within local requirements
and regulations.
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5.9.4 Net positive suction head (NPSHA)
NPSH available (NPSHA) is a measure of the head
available in the pumped liquid, above its vapour
pressure, at the pump suction branch.
NPSH required (NPSHR) is a measure of the head
required in the pumped liquid, above its vapour
pressure, to prevent the pump from cavitating. It is
important that NPSHA > NPSHR. The margin between
NPSHA > NPSHR should be as large as possible.
If any change in NPSHA is proposed, ensure these
margins are not significantly eroded. Refer to the
pump performance curve to determine exact
requirements particularly if flow has changed. If in
doubt please consult your nearest Flowserve office
for advice and details of the minimum allowable
margin for your application.
The positioning of these accessories must not limit
access or hinder the lifting of the part to be serviced.
When air or compressed inert gas is used in the
maintenance process, the operator and anyone in the
vicinity must be careful and have the appropriate
protection.
Do not spray air or compressed inert gas on skin.
Do not direct an air or gas jet towards other people.
Never use air or compressed inert gas to clean clothes.
Before working on the pump, take measures to
prevent an uncontrolled start. Put a warning board
on the starting device with the words:
"Machine under repair: do not start".
5.9.5 Pumped flow
Flow must not fall outside the minimum and
maximum continuous safe flow shown on the pump
performance curve and or data sheet.
With electric drive equipment, lock the main switch
open and withdraw any fuses. Put a warning board
on the fuse box or main switch with the words:
"Machine under repair: do not connect".
6 MAINTENANCE
Never clean equipment with inflammable solvents or
carbon tetrachloride. Protect yourself against toxic
fumes when using cleaning agents.
6.1 General
It is the plant operator's responsibility to ensure
that all maintenance, inspection and assembly work
is carried out by authorized and qualified personnel
who have adequately familiarized themselves with
the subject matter by studying this manual in detail.
(See also section 1.6.2.)
Any work on the machine must be performed when it
is at a standstill. It is imperative that the procedure
for shutting down the machine is followed, as
described in section 5.8.
On completion of work all guards and safety devices
must be re-installed and made operative again.
Before restarting the machine, the relevant
instructions listed in section 5, Commissioning, start
up, operation and shut down must be observed.
Oil and grease leaks may make the ground
slippery. Machine maintenance must always
begin and finish by cleaning the ground and the
exterior of the machine.
6.2 Maintenance schedule
It is recommended that a maintenance plan and
schedule is adopted, in line with these User
Instructions. It should include the following:
a) Any auxiliary systems installed must be monitored,
if necessary, to ensure they function correctly.
b) Gland packings must be adjusted correctly to
give visible leakage and concentric alignment of
the gland follower to prevent excessive
temperature of the packing or follower.
c) Check for any leaks from gaskets and seals. The
correct functioning of the shaft seal must be
checked regularly.
d) Check bearing lubricant level, and if the hours
run show a lubricant change is required.
e) Check that the duty condition is in the safe
operating range for the pump.
f) Check vibration, noise level and surface
temperature at the bearings to confirm
satisfactory operation.
g) Check dirt and dust is removed from areas around
close clearances, bearing housings and motors.
h) Check coupling alignment and re-align if necessary.
If platforms, stairs and guard rails are required for
maintenance, they must be placed for easy access to
areas where maintenance and inspection are to be
carried out.
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If any problems are found the following sequence of
actions should take place:
a) Refer to section 7, Faults; causes and remedies,
for fault diagnosis.
b) Ensure equipment complies with the
recommendations in this manual.
c) Contact Flowserve if the problem persists.
6.2.1 Routine inspection (daily/weekly)
The following checks should be made
and the appropriate action taken to remedy any
deviations:
a) Check operating behaviour. Ensure noise,
vibration and bearing temperatures are normal.
b) Check that there are no abnormal fluid or
lubricant leaks (static and dynamic seals) and
that any sealant systems (if fitted) are full and
operating normally.
c) Check that shaft seal leaks are within acceptable
limits.
d) Check the level and condition of oil lubricant. On
grease lubricated pumps, check running hours
since last recharge of grease or complete grease
change.
e) Check any auxiliary supplies eg. heating/cooling,
if fitted, are functioning correctly.
Refer to the manuals of any associated
equipment for routine checks needed.
Regrease - via grease nipples every 2 000 hours or
sooner depending on the severity of the application.
a) It is important not to under or over grease the
bearings as this will lead to over heating and
premature failure. Grease lubricated bearing
housings have grease nipples fitted in the
bearing brackets.
b) The maximum allowable operating temperatures
for anti friction bearings will vary from unit to unit,
depending on ambient and fluid temperature.
The rise above ambient should not normally
exceed 55 °C (131 °F) or a combined maximum
of 95 °C (204 °F).
c) A continuously rising temperature or an abrupt
temperature rise indicates a problem. If these
symptoms occur, stop the pump immediately and
investigate the cause.
TEMPERATURE
Our specialist service personnel can help with
preventative maintenance records and provide
condition monitoring for temperature and vibration to
identify the onset of potential problems.
TIME
Grease change - every 4 000 hours or sooner
depending on the severity of the application.
a) Remove the bearing bracket from the rotor
assembly.
b) Brush the bearing bracket with hot kerosene (100 to
115 °C/212 to 240 °F) or other non-toxic solvent.
c) Clean and flush out the housing with a light
mineral oil.
6.2.2 Periodic inspection (six monthly)
a)
Check foundation bolts for
security of attachment and corrosion.
b) Check pump running records for hourly usage to
determine if bearing lubricant requires changing.
c) The coupling should be checked for correct
alignment and worn driving elements.
Refer to the manuals of any associated
equipment for periodic checks needed.
6.2.3 Re-lubrication
Lubricant and bearing temperature analysis can be
useful in optimizing lubricant change intervals. In
general however, the following is recommended.
d) Do not use waste oil to clean the housing.
To clean the bearings:
a) Wipe off as much grease as possible with a clean
lint-free cloth.
b) Brush bearings with hot kerosene (80 to 90 °C/
175 to 195 °F) while gently spinning the outer
bearing ring.
c) Spin each ball to ensure that it is clean.
See section 5.2.1 for grease
recommendations.
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6.3 Spare parts
To remove badly oxidized grease that refuses to
come off:
a) Support the rotor in a vertical position and
immerse the bearing in hot kerosene or a mixture
of alcohol and light mineral solvent.
b) Gently spin the bearing outer ring.
c) Dry and reflush the bearing with clean light oil.
d) It is important not to under or over grease the
bearings as this will lead to over heating and
premature failure. It is recommended that the
bearings be filled with grease using a suitable
spatula. In addition the housings should be no
more than half filled.
6.2.4 Mechanical seals
No adjustment is possible. When leakage reaches
an unacceptable level the seal will need replacement.
6.2.5 Gland packing
The stuffing box gland can be backed off for
re-packing or to enable the addition of extra rings of
packing.
The stuffing box is normally supplied with a lantern
ring to enable a clean or pressurised flush to the
centre of the packing. If not required, this can be
replaced by an extra 2 rings of packing.
There must always be a small leakage, normally a
minimum of 120 drops per minute to atmosphere to
lubricate and cool the packing is required.
6.3.1 Ordering of spares
Flowserve keeps records of all pumps that have been
supplied. When ordering spares the following
information should be quoted.
1) Pump serial number.
2) Pump size.
3) Part name – taken from section 8.
4) Part number – taken from section 8.
5) Number of parts required.
The pump size and serial number are shown on the
pump nameplate.
To ensure continued satisfactory operation,
replacement parts to the original design specification
should be obtained from Flowserve. Any change to
the original design specification (modification or use
of a non-standard part) will invalidate the pump’s
safety certification.
6.3.2 Storage of spares
Spares should be stored in a clean dry area away
from vibration. Inspection and re-treatment of
metallic surfaces (if necessary) with preservative is
recommended at 6 monthly intervals.
6.4 Recommended spares and
consumable items
For start up purposes:
1 - complete set of gland packing
2 - shaft sleeves
1 - set of gaskets and seals
(optional: 2 - mechanical seals)
For 2 years operation:
1 - set of bearings (line and thrust)
2 - sets of gland packing
2 - shaft sleeves
2 - sets of gaskets and seals
2 - lantern rings
2 - casing wear rings
1 – diaphragm bush
(optional: 2 - mechanical seals
2 - impeller wear rings)
For 4 years operation:
1 - set of bearings (line and thrust)
2 - sets of gland packing
2 - shaft sleeves
2 - sets of gaskets and seals
2 - lantern rings
2 - casing wear rings
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To dismantle the pump consult the sectional
drawings. See section 8, Parts lists and drawings.
1 – impeller
1 – diaphragm bush
(optional: 2 - mechanical seals
2 - impeller wear rings)
6.5 Tools required
A typical range of tools that will be required to
maintain these pumps is listed below.
Readily available in standard tool kits, and dependent
on pump size:
• Open ended spanners (wrenches) to suit up to
7
M 24 ( /8 in.) screws/nuts
7
• Socket spanners (wrenches), up to M 24 ( /8 in.)
screws
• Allen keys, up to 6 mm (¼ in.) A/F
• Range of screwdrivers
• Soft mallet
a) Isolate motor and lock off electrical supply in
accordance with local regulations.
b) Isolate suction and discharge valves.
c) Remove coupling guards and disconnect the
coupling halves.
d) Drain pump casing. Remove any auxiliary piping
if applicable.
e) Release the copper lockwasher securing the
coupling nut and remove the pump half coupling.
f) Unbolt the glands/seal covers from the casing.
If glands are split type, remove completely.
g) With a suitable punch, drive out the two locating
dowels which are used on the horizontal split
flange to align the upper and lower half casings.
h) Remove the bolts, which hold the upper and lower
half of the casing together, and remove the upper
half. Tapped holes are provided in the joint flange
to enable the use of forcing bolts to loosen the joint.
i) Lift the casing upper half using the two eye bolts
provided.
More specialized equipment:
• Bearing pullers
• Bearing induction heater
• Dial test indicator
• C-spanner (wrench) - for removing shaft nut.
(If difficulties in sourcing are encountered, consult
Flowserve.)
j)
6.6 Fastener torques
k)
Bolt size
M8 (5/16 in.)
M10 (⅜ in.)
M12 (½ in.)
M16 (⅝ in.)
M20 (¾ in.)
M24 (⅞ in.)
Torque Nm (lbf·ft)
Pump feet
All other
fasteners
fasteners
10 (7)
20 (15)
63 (46)
34 (25)
170 (125)
84 (62)
340 (250)
165 (120)
590 (435)
285 (210)
l)
m)
n)
6.7 Renewal clearances
As wear takes place between the impeller, casing ring
and diaphragm bush the overall efficiency of the pump
set will decrease. To maintain optimum efficiency it is
recommended that rings and bush are replaced and the
impeller renovated when the radial clearance detailed in
section 3.4.2 has doubled.
o)
Do NOT use this method to lift the bottom
half or complete pump casing.
Remove the 6 – screws securing each bearing
bracket to the bottom half casing.
Lift out rotor assembly. Use care in slinging,
handling and supporting of the rotor for
subsequent dismantling. Place rotor securely on
two support blocks.
When removing the rotor assembly, the casing rings
and diaphragm plate will be loosely attached to the
rotor.
Remove bearing covers and slide bearing housings
off bearings.
Release the copper lockwasher securing the
bearing locknut at the non-drive end and remove the
locknut. Pull off both ball bearings using a suitable
puller; ensuring force is applied to inner race only.
Retain the bearing distance pieces and coupling
distance piece for future use. Remove the bearing
covers.
Depending on configuration remove glands/seal
covers, packing and lantern ring/mechanical seal.
Refer to any special instructions supplied
6.8 Disassembly
Refer to section 1.6, Safety, before dismantling
the pump.
Before dismantling the pump for
overhaul, ensure genuine Flowserve replacement
parts are available.
with the mechanical seal.
p) Remove the two socket head screws securing
each shaft sleeve nut. Using C-spanner remove
shaft nuts. Slide off shaft sleeves.
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q) Remove impellers, casing rings, diaphragm plate
complete with its bush together with the impeller
key.
d) Bearing seals are not totally leak free devices.
Oil from these may cause staining adjacent to the
bearings.
If impellers prove difficult to remove, the
use of heat is permissible. Refer to Section 1.6,
Safety, APPLYING HEAT TO REMOVE
IMPELLER, for more details.
r) If it is required to remove the diaphragm plate
bush then remove the 4 countersunk screws and
push out the bush.
s) If impeller rings are also fitted, they are shrunk
onto the impeller and fixed with locking screws
between their diametric mating surfaces.
t) To remove the impeller rings, remove the locking
screws and heat up the ring until it slides off easily.
6.10 Assembly
6.9 Examination of parts
Used parts must be inspected before
assembly to ensure the pump will subsequently run
properly.
In particular, fault diagnosis is essential to enhance
pump and plant reliability.
To assemble the pump consult the sectional
drawings, see section 8, Parts list and drawings.
Ensure threads, gasket and O-ring mating faces are
clean. Apply thread sealant to non-face sealing pipe
thread fittings. Coat the outside diameter of the dowel
bushings with pipe compound prior to installation.
6.10.1 Impeller wear rings
a) Impeller rings (when fitted) should be heated up
to approximately 100 ºC (212 ºF) using a hotplate
or hot oil bath and then slipped onto the impeller
and pressed down to the shoulder. (Do NOT use
a steel hammer to knock them into position.)
b) Drill and tap 3 holes approximately 120 degrees
apart into the diametral mating faces of the ring
and impeller and insert socket head screws.
(The existing half tapped holes from the removed
impeller ring cannot be re-used.)
46
6.9.1 Casing, seal housing and impeller
a) Inspect for excessive wear, pitting, corrosion,
erosion or damage and any sealing surface
irregularities.
b) Replace as necessary.
6.9.2 Shaft and sleeve (if fitted)
Replace if grooved, pitted or worn.
6.9.3 Gaskets and O-rings
After dismantling, discard and replace.
6.9.4 Bearings
It is recommended that bearings are not re-used after
any removal from the shaft.
6.9.5 Bearing isolators, labyrinths or lip seals
(if fitted)
a) The lubricant, bearings and bearing housing
seals are to be inspected for contamination and
damage.
b) If bearing damage is not due to normal wear and
the lubricant contains adverse contaminants, the
cause should be corrected before the pump is
returned to service.
c) Labyrinth seals and bearing isolators should be
inspected for damage but are normally nonwearing parts and can be re-used.
45
6.10.2 Pre-assembly of casing gasket
a) Fit casing gasket to the bottom half horizontal
flange using a small amount of contact adhesive
to prevent movement when the top half is fitted.
Do not apply adhesive to the top surface of the
gasket.
b) It is important that the external corner of the
casing gasket face and the stuffing box face is as
sharp as possible.
Do not chamfer with a file.
c) If necessary trim gasket to match volute profile.
Do not trim to stuffing box face at this stage.
6.10.3 Rotating element and bearing bracket
a) Ensure all gaskets and O-rings are renewed and
replaced in the correct position during assembly.
b) Assemble the impellers on the shaft. It is
important to mount the impellers so that the vane
tips point away from the apparent flow direction.
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j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
The rotor always rotates towards the expanding
section of the volute
c) The diaphragm plate complete with its bush must
be fitted on to the shaft between the two impellers.
d) Fit the two shaft sleeves, O-rings (when fitted)
and shaft nuts and lightly secure the impellers on
the shaft. Take care to protect the sleeve O-rings
(when fitted) from damage on the shaft threads.
The sleeves and nuts define the impeller position
on the pump shaft and hence in the pump casing.
Initially position the impellers centrally on its
keyway. This position may be adjusted slightly
later on in the assembly process.
e) It is recommended that gasket sealing compound
Loctite 574 or equivalent is used between sleeve
and impeller mating faces to protect the shaft
from the liquid pumped.
f) When mechanical seals are fitted the rotating
parts can be slid onto the sleeves before the
sleeves are fitted onto the shaft. The seal locking
collars should be left loose.
Refer to any special instructions supplied
with the mechanical seal.
g) If gland packing is used fit the glands.
h) Fit seal covers complete with seal seat, water
throwers and bearing covers complete with
gaskets.
i) Fit the bearings onto the shaft. The main thrust
bearing is at the non-drive end.
Where double row bearings are fitted
these must be assembled 'back to back' as below:
o)
p)
The bearings must be heated up to 100 ºC (212 ºF)
using a hot plate, oil bath or induction heater and
slid onto the shaft. Ensure bearing is fully seated
against the bearing distance piece and the distance
piece is located up to the shaft shoulder.
Fill both sides of bearing with grease.
Fit the bearing lockwasher and tighten the
bearing shaft nut.
Peen a segment of the copper lockwasher over a
flat on the bearing locknut.
Slip casing rings, loosely over the impeller hubs.
Slide the bearing housings over the bearings.
Ensure bearings are located square in the
bracket bore.
One third fill the space between bearing cover
and bearing with grease. Secure bearing cover,
complete with gasket.
Fit the coupling distance piece and pump half
coupling. Fit copper lockwasher and secure
coupling nut. Peen a segment of the copper
lockwasher over a flat on the coupling nut.
6.10.4 Casing lower half
a) If required, drive in two new locating dowels on
the horizontal flange.
b) Coat the faces of the bearing housing brackets
with liquid sealant to protect against corrosion.
c) Place the complete rotating assembly into the
casing ensuring that impeller rings and diaphragm
plate are in the correct position to allow the antirotation tongues to locate correctly in the antirotation grooves in the casing bores.
The anti-rotation grooves in the bottom
half casing are bigger in diameter than those in
the top.
d) Locate the bearing housings in the machined
spigots in the casing and torque up the fixing
screws.
e) Check rotor for free rotation.
f) Centralize the impellers within the casing
waterway by adjusting the shaft nut, if necessary.
Using a C-spanner fully tighten the shaft nuts and
lock with the two radial socket head screws.
g) Set the seals, if fitted, to the correct working
length and tighten the seal collar screws.
Refer to any special instructions supplied
with the mechanical seal.
h) Check for free rotation.
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6.10.5 Casing upper half
a) Assemble the casing upper half over the lower
half. Take care to ensure the renewable rings and
diaphragm plate are correctly located in the upper
half bores and that dowel holes pick up the
locating dowels in the lower half.
b) Tap horizontal flange over locating dowels to
accurately position the top half casing and torque
up all horizontal flange bolts.
c) Check for free rotation.
d) Using a sharp flexible-bladed knife, cut off the
exposed casing gasket in the stuffing box area
flush with the stuffing box face.
e) If mechanical seals are fitted apply a small amount
of silicon rubber sealant along the horizontal joint
line on the stuffing box face and fit seal cover
complete with gasket or O-ring. Take care not to
damage O-ring, if fitted, and locate cover squarely
on stuffing box face.
f) Torque up seal cover bolts and check shaft/sleeve
does not rub on seal cover or stationary seal seat
bore. Ensure any spare holes in mechanical seal
cover, particularly on cartridge seals, have sealing
plugs fitted.
g) If gland packing is fitted pack the gland, ensuring
that the cut ends in each ring are staggered by
120 degrees. The glands are packed as shown on
the relevant drawings in Sections 8.1 to 8.3.
Finger tighten the gland nuts.
h) Check coupling alignment, fit coupling drive
element(s) and fit guards.
i) Pipe up any external auxiliary connections.
j) Check for free rotation.
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7 FAULTS; CAUSES AND REMEDIES
FAULT SYMPTOM
Pump overheats and seizes
⇓ Bearings have short life
⇓ Pump vibrates or is noisy
⇓ Mechanical seal has short life
⇓ Mechanical seal leaks excessivel y
⇓ Pump requires excessive power
⇓ Pump loses prime after starting
⇓ Insufficient pressure developed
⇓ Insufficient capacity delivered
⇓ Pump does not deliver liquid
⇓
PROBABLE CAUSES
z
Pump not primed.
Check complete filling.
POSSIBLE REMEDIES
A. SYSTEM TROUBLES
z
z
z
z
z z
Pump or suction pipe not completely filled with
liquid.
Check and complete filling.
z
z
z z
Suction lift too high or level too low.
Check NPSHA>NPSHR, proper submergence,
losses at strainers and fittings.
z z z
Excessive amount of air or gas in liquid.
Check and purge from pipes.
z
z z
Air or vapour pocket in suction line.
Check suction line design for pockets.
z
z
Air leaks into suction line.
Check airtight pipe then joints and gaskets.
z
Air leaks into pump through mechanical seal,
sleeve joints, casing joint or pipe lugs.
Check airtight assembly then joints and gaskets.
z
z
Foot valve too small.
Investigate replacing the foot valve.
z
z
Foot valve partially clogged.
Clean foot valve.
z z
Inlet of suction pipe insufficiently submerged.
Check cut out system design.
Total head of system higher than differential head
of pump.
Check discharge head and head losses in
discharge pipe at the valve settings. Check back
pressure is not too high.
Total head of system lower than pump design
head.
Throttle at discharge valve or ask Flowserve if the
impeller can be trimmed.
Specific gravity of liquid different from design.
Consult Flowserve.
Viscosity of liquid differs from design.
Consult Flowserve.
z
z
z
z z z
z
z
z
z
z z
z
z z
z
Operation at very low capacity.
Measure value and check minimum permitted.
Operation at high capacity.
Measure value and check maximum permitted.
B. MECHANICAL TROUBLES
z z z z z z
z
z z z z z
z z z
z
z z z z z z
z
z z
Misalignment due to pipe strain.
Check the flange connections and eliminate
strains using elastic couplings or a method
permitted.
Improperly designed foundation.
Check setting of baseplate: tighten, adjust, grout
base as required.
Shaft bent.
Check shaft runouts within acceptable values.
Rotating part rubbing on stationary part internally.
Check for signs of this and consult Flowserve if
necessary.
Bearings worn
Replace bearings.
Wearing ring surfaces worn.
Replace worn wear ring/surfaces.
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UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
FAULT SYMPTOM
Pump overheats and seizes
⇓ Bearings have short life
⇓ Pump vibrates or is noisy
⇓ Mechanical seal has short life
⇓ Mechanical seal leaks excessivel y
⇓ Pump requires excessive power
⇓ Pump loses prime after starting
⇓ Insufficient pressure developed
⇓ Insufficient capacity delivered
⇓ Pump does not deliver liquid
⇓
PROBABLE CAUSES
POSSIBLE REMEDIES
Impeller damaged or eroded.
Replace impeller and check reason.
Leakage under sleeve due to joint failure.
Replace joint and check for damage.
z z z
Mechanical seal improperly installed.
Check alignment of faces or damaged parts and
assembly method used.
z z z
Incorrect type of mechanical seal for operating
conditions.
Consult Flowserve
Shaft running off centre because of worn
bearings or misalignment.
Check misalignment and correct if necessary.
If alignment satisfactory check bearings for
excessive wear.
Impeller out of balance resulting in vibration.
Check and consult Flowserve.
z
z z
z
z z z z z z
z z z z
z z z
Abrasive solids in liquid pumped.
Check and consult Flowserve.
Mechanical seal was run dry.
Check mechanical seal condition and source of
dry running and repair.
z z z z z z
Internal misalignment due to improper repairs
causing impeller to rub.
Check method of assembly, possible damage or
state of cleanliness during assembly.
z z z
Excessive thrust caused by a mechanical failure
inside the pump.
Check wear condition of impeller, its clearances
and liquid passages.
z z
Excessive grease in ball bearings.
Check method of regreasing.
z z
Lack of lubrication for bearings.
Check hours run since last change of lubricant,
the schedule and its basis.
z z
Improper installation of bearings.
Check method of assembly, possible damage or
state of cleanliness during assembly and type of
bearing used.
z z
Damaged bearings due to contamination.
Check contamination source and replace
damaged bearings.
z z
C. ELECTRICAL TROUBLES
z
z
z
z z
Wrong direction of rotation.
Reverse 2 phases on motor terminal box.
z z
Motor running too slow.
Check motor terminal box connections.
Page 28 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
8 PARTS LISTS AND DRAWINGS
8.1 Sectional drawings – 8-UB-1 grease lubricated, gland packed
3
4
5
6
7
8
17
15
13
14
15A
9
12
16
18
21
29
30
25
26
27
28
'Z'
1
2
20A
10
11
19
20
22
23
24
25
30
Taken from A767/112
8.1.1 Parts list
Ref. no.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Description
Nameplate
Bearing locknut
Lockwasher – bearing locknut
Ball bearing - thrust
Shaft collar
Gland
Lantern ring
Gland packing
Casing – upper half
Casing – lower half
Gasket – horizontal split
12
13
14
15
15A
16
17
18
19
20
20A
21
Casing wear ring
Diaphragm plate
Diaphragm bush
Impeller – first stage
Impeller – second stage
Key – impeller
Seal pipe assembly
Shaft sleeve
Shaft nut
Bearing bracket – Drive end
Bearing bracket – Non-drive end
Socket head screw for 19 & 38
Page 29 of 32
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
Water shield
Bearing cover
Gasket – bearing cover
Ball bearing – line
Grease nipple
Shaft
Key – coupling
Bearing distance piece
Coupling distance piece
Coupling nut
Lockwasher – for coupling nut
32
31
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
8.1.2 Options
8.1.3 Options parts list
Ref. no.
46
45
View on ‘Z’ impeller ring
Description
34
Mechanical seal
35
Mechanical seal cover
36
Gasket – mechanical seal cover
37
Socket head screw for 38 (a)
38
Seal abutment ring (a)
39
Cartridge seal assembly
40
Impeller nut
45
Impeller wear ring
46
Socket head screw for 45
a) When fitted, depends on type of mechanical seal.
8.2 General arrangement drawing
37
The typical general arrangement drawing and any
specific drawings required by the contract will be sent to
the Purchaser separately unless the contract specifically
calls for these to be included into the User Instructions.
If required, copies of other drawings sent separately to
the Purchaser should be obtained from the Purchaser
and retained with these User Instructions.
34
36
35
38
Component mechanical seal
40
21
39
Cartridge mechanical seal
Page 30 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
9 CERTIFICATION
Certificates determined from the Contract requirements
are provided with these Instructions where applicable.
Examples are certificates for CE marking, ATEX
marking etc. If required, copies of other certificates sent
separately to the Purchaser should be obtained from
the Purchaser for retention with these User Instructions.
10 OTHER RELEVANT
DOCUMENTATION AND MANUALS
10.1 Supplementary User Instructions
Supplementary instructions such as for a driver,
instrumentation, controller, seals, sealant system etc
are provided as separate documents in their original
format. If further copies of these are required they
should be obtained from the supplier for retention
with these User Instructions.
10.2 Change notes
If any changes, agreed with Flowserve Pump Division,
are made to the product after its supply, a record of the
details should be maintained with these User Instructions.
10.3 Additional sources of information
Reference 1:
NPSH for Rotordynamic Pumps: a reference guide,
Europump Guide No. 1, Europump & World Pumps,
Elsevier Science, United Kingdom, 1999.
Reference 2:
th
Pumping Manual, 9 edition, T.C. Dickenson,
Elsevier Advanced Technology, United Kingdom, 1995.
Reference 3:
nd
Pump Handbook, 2 edition, Igor J. Karassik et al,
McGraw-Hill Inc., New York, 1993.
Reference 4:
ANSI/HI 1.1-1.5
Centrifugal Pumps - Nomenclature, Definitions,
Application and Operation.
Reference 5:
ANSI B31.3 - Process Piping.
Page 31 of 32
UB USER INSTRUCTIONS ENGLISH 71569247 07-04
®
FLOWSERVE
REGIONAL SALES OFFICES:
USA and Canada
Flowserve Corporation (Pump Division)
5215 North O’Connor Blvd. Suite 2300
Irving, Texas 75039, USA
Latin America and Caribbean
Flowserve Corporation (Pump Division)
6840 Wynnwood Lane
Houston, Texas 77008, USA
Tel +1 972 443 6500
Toll free 800 728 PUMP (7867)
Fax +1 972 443 6800
Tel +1 713 803 4434
Fax +1 713 803 4497
Europe, Middle East and Africa
Flowserve Limited (Pump Division)
Harley House, 94 Hare Lane
Claygate, Esher, Surrey KT10 0RB
United Kingdom
Asia Pacific
Flowserve Pte Ltd (Pump Division)
200 Pandan Loop, 06-03/04
Pantech 21, Singapore 128388
Tel +65 775 3003
Fax +65 779 4607
Tel +44 (0)1372 463 700
Fax +44 (0)1372 460 190
Visit our web site at: www.flowserve.com
Your Flowserve factory contact:
Your local Flowserve representative:
Flowserve Pumps Limited
PO Box 17, Newark
Notts NG24 3EN
United Kingdom
Telephone (24 hours) +44 (0)1636 494 600
Sales & Admin Fax +44 (0)1636 705 991
Repair & Service Fax +44 (0)1636 494 833
E.mail [email protected]
To find your local Flowserve representative, please
use the Sales Support Locator System found at
www.flowserve.com
Page 32 of 32
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