HP | E2047551001R | User's Manual | HP E2047551001R User's Manual

ECM-5510
5.25" AMD Geode GX466 333 MHz Mini Module with 128 MB
DDR SDRAM Onboard, VGA, LVDS, Audio, LAN, CF,
PC/104, PCI, 4 COM, 4 USB 1.1 & GPIO
User’s Manual
2nd Ed – 19 January 2007
Part No. E2047551001R
ECM-5510
FCC Statement
THIS DEVICE COMPLIES WITH PART 15 FCC RULES. OPERATION IS
SUBJECT TO THE FOLLOWING TWO CONDITIONS:
(1) THIS DEVICE MAY NOT CAUSE HARMFUL INTERFERENCE.
(2) THIS DEVICE MUST ACCEPT ANY INTERFERENCE RECEIVED INCLUDING
INTERFERENCE THAT MAY CAUSE UNDESIRED OPERATION.
THIS EQUIPMENT HAS BEEN TESTED AND FOUND TO COMPLY WITH THE LIMITS
FOR A CLASS "A" DIGITAL DEVICE, PURSUANT TO PART 15 OF THE FCC RULES.
THESE LIMITS ARE DESIGNED TO PROVIDE REASONABLE PROTECTION AGAINST
HARMFUL INTERFERENCE WHEN THE EQUIPMENT IS OPERATED IN A
COMMERCIAL ENVIRONMENT. THIS EQUIPMENT GENERATES, USES, AND CAN
RADIATE RADIO FREQUENCY ENERGY AND, IF NOT INSTATLLED AND USED IN
ACCORDANCE WITH THE INSTRUCTION MANUAL, MAY CAUSE HARMFUL
INTERFERENCE TO RADIO COMMUNICATIONS.
OPERATION OF THIS EQUIPMENT IN A RESIDENTIAL AREA IS LIKELY TO CAUSE
HARMFUL INTERFERENCE IN WHICH CASE THE USER WILL BE REQUIRED TO
CORRECT THE INTERFERENCE AT HIS OWN EXPENSE.
Notice
This guide is designed for experienced users to setup the system within the shortest time.
For detailed information, please always refer to the electronic user's manual.
Copyright Notice
Copyright © 2007 Avalue Technology Inc., ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
No part of this document may be reproduced, copied, translated, or transmitted in any form
or by any means, electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the prior written
permission of the original manufacturer.
Trademark Acknowledgement
Brand and product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
owners.
2 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
Disclaimer
Avalue Technology Inc. reserves the right to make changes, without notice, to any product,
including circuits and/or software described or contained in this manual in order to improve
design and/or performance. Avalue Technology assumes no responsibility or liability for the
use of the described product(s), conveys no license or title under any patent, copyright, or
masks work rights to these products, and makes no representations or warranties that
these products are free from patent, copyright, or mask work right infringement, unless
otherwise specified. Applications that are described in this manual are for illustration
purposes only. Avalue Technology Inc. makes no representation or warranty that such
application will be suitable for the specified use without further testing or modification.
Life Support Policy
Avalue Technology’s PRODUCTS ARE NOT FOR USE AS CRITICAL COMPONENTS IN
LIFE SUPPORT DEVICES OR SYSTEMS WITHOUT THE PRIOR WRITTEN APPROVAL
OF Avalue Technology Inc.
As used herein:
1. Life support devices or systems are devices or systems which, (a) are intended for
surgical implant into body, or (b) support or sustain life and whose failure to perform,
when properly used in accordance with instructions for use provided in the labeling, can
be reasonably expected to result in significant injury to the user.
2. A critical component is any component of a life support device or system whose failure to
perform can be reasonably expected to cause the failure of the life support device or
system, or to affect its safety or effectiveness.
A Message to the Customer
Avalue Customer Services
Each and every Avalue’s product is built to the most exacting specifications to ensure
reliable performance in the harsh and demanding conditions typical of industrial
environments. Whether your new Avalue device is destined for the laboratory or the factory
floor, you can be assured that your product will provide the reliability and ease of operation
for which the name Avalue has come to be known.
Your satisfaction is our primary concern. Here is a guide to Avalue’s customer services. To
ensure you get the full benefit of our services, please follow the instructions below carefully.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 3
ECM-5510
Technical Support
We want you to get the maximum performance from your products. So if you run into
technical difficulties, we are here to help. For the most frequently asked questions, you can
easily find answers in your product documentation. These answers are normally a lot more
detailed than the ones we can give over the phone. So please consult the user’s manual
first.
To receive the latest version of the user’s manual; please visit our Web site at:
http://www.avalue.com.tw/
If you still cannot find the answer, gather all the information or questions that apply to your
problem, and with the product close at hand, call your dealer. Our dealers are well trained
and ready to give you the support you need to get the most from your Avalue’s products. In
fact, most problems reported are minor and are able to be easily solved over the phone.
In addition, free technical support is available from Avalue’s engineers every business day.
We are always ready to give advice on application requirements or specific information on
the installation and operation of any of our products. Please do not hesitate to call or e-mail
us.
Headquarters
Avalue Technology Inc.
7F, 228, Lian-cheng Road,
Chung Ho City, Taipei,
Taiwan
Tel : +886-2-8226-2345
Fax : +886-2-8226-2777
http://www.avalue.com.tw
E-mail: service@avalue.com.tw
Europe Branch Office
Avalue Europe A/S
Nordre Strandvej 13,
3480 Fredensborg,
Denmark
Tel : +45-7025-0310
Fax : +45-4975-5026
http://www.avalue.com.tw
E-mail: service.europe@avalue.com.tw
China Branch Office
Avalue Technology Shanghai Inc.
Room 909, 9F, Section B, No.900,
Yisan Road, Caohejing Hi-tech Park,
Shanghai 200233, China
Tel : +86-21-5423-4170
Fax : +86-21-5423-4171
http://www.avalue.com.tw
E-mail: service.china@avalue.com.tw
US Branch Office
Avalue Technology Inc.
Suite 210, 200 Tornillo Way,
Tinton Falls, NJ 07712
USA
Tel: +1-732-578-0200
Fax: +1-732-578-0250
http://www.avalue.com.tw
E-mail: service.usa@avalue.com.tw
4 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
Product Warranty
Avalue warrants to you, the original purchaser, that each of its products will be free from
defects in materials and workmanship for two years from the date of purchase.
This warranty does not apply to any products which have been repaired or altered by
persons other than repair personnel authorized by Avalue, or which have been subject to
misuse, abuse, accident or improper installation. Avalue assumes no liability under the
terms of this warranty as a consequence of such events. Because of Avalue’s high
quality-control standards and rigorous testing, most of our customers never need to use our
repair service. If any of Avalue’s products is defective, it will be repaired or replaced at no
charge during the warranty period. For out-of-warranty repairs, you will be billed according
to the cost of replacement materials, service time, and freight. Please consult your dealer
for more details. If you think you have a defective product, follow these steps:
1. Collect all the information about the problem encountered. (For example, CPU type and
speed, Avalue’s products model name, hardware & BIOS revision number, other
hardware and software used, etc.) Note anything abnormal and list any on-screen
messages you get when the problem occurs.
2. Call your dealer and describe the problem. Please have your manual, product, and any
helpful information available.
3. If your product is diagnosed as defective, obtain an RMA (return material authorization)
number from your dealer. This allows us to process your good return more quickly.
4. Carefully pack the defective product, a complete Repair and Replacement Order Card
and a photocopy proof of purchase date (such as your sales receipt) in a shippable
container. A product returned without proof of the purchase date is not eligible for
warranty service.
5. Write the RMA number visibly on the outside of the package and ship it prepaid to your
dealer.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 5
ECM-5510
Contents
1. Getting Started..........................................................................................................10
1.1
Safety Precautions ..................................................................................................10
1.2
Packing List.............................................................................................................10
1.3
Document Amendment History ...............................................................................11
1.4
Manual Objectives...................................................................................................12
1.5
System Specifications .............................................................................................13
1.6
Architecture Overview .............................................................................................15
1.6.1
Block Diagram ................................................................................................................................ 15
1.6.2
AMD Geode GX2 & CS5535.......................................................................................................... 16
1.6.3
VIA VT1612A Audio Codec............................................................................................................ 18
1.6.4
Ethernet.......................................................................................................................................... 18
1.6.5
Winbond W83627HF-AW LPC Super I/O ...................................................................................... 19
1.6.6
Winbond W83977EF ISA Super I/O............................................................................................... 19
1.6.7
NS DS90C385 LVDS Transmitter .................................................................................................. 20
1.6.8
ITE IT8888F PCI-ISA Bridge.......................................................................................................... 20
2. Hardware Configuration...........................................................................................21
2.1
Product Overview....................................................................................................22
2.2
Installation Procedure .............................................................................................23
2.2.1
2.3
2.4
Main Memory.................................................................................................................................. 24
Jumper and Connector List .....................................................................................26
Setting Jumpers & Connectors ...............................................................................28
2.4.1
BIOS Write Protect Select (JP1) .................................................................................................... 28
2.4.2
TFT/CRT Select (JP2).................................................................................................................... 28
2.4.3
Clear CMOS (JP3) ......................................................................................................................... 29
2.4.4
COM2 RS-232/422/485 Select (JP5, JP6)..................................................................................... 29
2.4.5
COM2/4/3/1 Pin 9 Select (JP7, JP8, JP9, JP10) ........................................................................... 30
2.4.6
LCD Inverter Power Select (JP11) ................................................................................................. 30
2.4.7
Compact Flash Mode Select (JP13) .............................................................................................. 31
2.4.8
DOC Memory Address Select (JP14) ............................................................................................ 31
2.4.9
ATX Power Connector (ATX1) ....................................................................................................... 32
2.4.10
System Fan Connector (CN1).................................................................................................... 33
2.4.11
CPU Fan Connector (CN2) ........................................................................................................ 33
2.4.12
TFT Panel Connector (CN3) ...................................................................................................... 34
2.4.13
LVDS Connector (CN4) ............................................................................................................. 36
2.4.14
CD-ROM Audio Input Connector (CN5)..................................................................................... 37
2.4.15
Serial Port 1, 3, 4 Connector (CN6)........................................................................................... 38
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2.4.16
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-232 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20) ...................................................... 40
2.4.17
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-422 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20) ...................................................... 41
2.4.18
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-485 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20) ...................................................... 42
2.4.19
PC/104 Connector (CN7 + CN8) ............................................................................................... 43
2.4.20
IrDA Connector (CN10).............................................................................................................. 49
2.4.21
Keyboard & Mouse Connector (CN11) ...................................................................................... 50
2.4.22
USB Connector 0, 1, 2 & 3 (CN12, CN15)................................................................................. 51
2.4.23
LCD Inverter Connector (CN13) ................................................................................................ 52
2.4.24
Primary IDE Connector (CN14) ................................................................................................. 53
2.4.25
Floppy Connector (FLP1)........................................................................................................... 55
2.4.26
Digital I/O Connector (JDIO1) .................................................................................................... 57
2.4.27
Front Panel Connector (JFP1) ................................................................................................... 58
2.4.28
Audio Connector (JP4)............................................................................................................... 59
2.4.29
LCD Backlight Brightness Adjustment Connector (JP12).......................................................... 60
2.4.30
-5V/-12V PC/104 Voltage Connector (JP15) ............................................................................. 60
2.4.31
Parallel Port Connector (LPT1).................................................................................................. 61
2.4.32
Power Connector (PWR1) ......................................................................................................... 62
2.4.33
VGA Connector (VGA1)............................................................................................................. 63
3 BIOS Setup................................................................................................................64
3.1
Starting Setup .........................................................................................................65
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.5
Using Setup ............................................................................................................66
Getting Help ............................................................................................................67
In Case of Problems................................................................................................67
Main Menu ..............................................................................................................68
3.5.1
Standard CMOS Features.............................................................................................................. 69
3.5.2
Advanced BIOS Features .............................................................................................................. 71
3.5.3
Advanced Chipset Features........................................................................................................... 75
3.5.4
Integrated Peripherals .................................................................................................................... 77
3.5.5
Power Management Setup............................................................................................................. 79
3.5.6
PnP / PCI Configuration ................................................................................................................. 81
3.5.7
PC Health Status............................................................................................................................ 82
3.5.8
Load Fail-Safe Defaults.................................................................................................................. 83
3.5.9
Load Optimized Defaults ................................................................................................................ 83
3.5.10
Set Supervisor / User Password................................................................................................ 84
3.5.11
Save & Exit Setup ...................................................................................................................... 85
3.5.12
Exit Without Save....................................................................................................................... 86
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 7
ECM-5510
4 Drivers Installation ...................................................................................................87
4.1
Install Audio Driver (For AMD GX2) ........................................................................88
4.2
Install Display Driver (For AMD GX2)......................................................................90
4.3
Install Ethernet Driver (For Realtek RTL810x, RTL813x Family) ............................92
5 Measurement Drawing .............................................................................................93
Appendix A: BIOS Revisions ..........................................................................................95
Appendix B: AWARD BIOS POST Messages ................................................................96
Overview............................................................................................................................97
Post Beep ..........................................................................................................................97
Error Messages .................................................................................................................97
1.
CMOS BATTERY HAS FAILED ......................................................................................................... 97
2.
CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR ............................................................................................................. 97
3.
DISK BOOT FAILURE, INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND PRESS ENTER ............................................ 97
4.
DISKETTE DRIVES OR TYPES MISMATCH ERROR - RUN SETUP.............................................. 97
5.
DISPLAY SWITCH IS SET INCORRECTLY...................................................................................... 98
6.
DISPLAY TYPE HAS CHANGED SINCE LAST BOOT ..................................................................... 98
7.
EISA Configuration Checksum Error PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY................... 98
8.
EISA Configuration Is Not Complete PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY ................... 98
9.
ERROR ENCOUNTERED INITIALIZING HARD DRIVE.................................................................... 98
10.
ERROR INITIALIZING HARD DISK CONTROLLER ..................................................................... 98
11.
FLOPPY DISK CNTRLR ERROR OR NO CNTRLR PRESENT ................................................... 98
12.
Invalid EISA Configuration PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY .............................. 99
13.
KEYBOARD ERROR OR NO KEYBOARD PRESENT ................................................................. 99
14.
Memory Address Error at ... ........................................................................................................... 99
15.
Memory parity Error at ................................................................................................................... 99
16.
MEMORY SIZE HAS CHANGED SINCE LAST BOOT ................................................................. 99
17.
Memory Verify Error at ... ............................................................................................................... 99
18.
OFFENDING ADDRESS NOT FOUND ......................................................................................... 99
19.
OFFENDING SEGMENT: .............................................................................................................. 99
20.
PRESS A KEY TO REBOOT ....................................................................................................... 100
21.
PRESS F1 TO DISABLE NMI, F2 TO REBOOT ......................................................................... 100
22.
RAM PARITY ERROR - CHECKING FOR SEGMENT ... ........................................................... 100
23.
Should Be Empty But EISA Board Found PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY..... 100
24.
Should Have EISA Board But Not Found PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY ..... 100
25.
Slot Not Empty ............................................................................................................................. 100
26.
SYSTEM HALTED, (CTRL-ALT-DEL) TO REBOOT ... ............................................................... 100
27.
Wrong Board In Slot PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY...................................... 101
28.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (80) → Unable to reset floppy subsystem................................................. 101
29.
FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (40) → Floppy Type dismatch................................................................... 101
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30.
Hard Disk(s) fail (80) → HDD reset failed.................................................................................. 101
31.
Hard Disk(s) fail (40) → HDD controller diagnostics failed........................................................ 101
32.
Hard Disk(s) fail (20) → HDD initialization error........................................................................ 101
33.
Hard Disk(s) fail (10) → Unable to recalibrate fixed disk........................................................... 101
34.
Hard Disk(s) fail (08) → Sector Verify failed.............................................................................. 101
35.
Keyboard is locked out - Unlock the key. ..................................................................................... 101
36.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present. ...................................................................................... 101
37.
Manufacturing POST loop............................................................................................................ 101
38.
BIOS ROM checksum error - System halted. .............................................................................. 101
39.
Memory test fail. ........................................................................................................................... 101
40.
POST Codes ................................................................................................................................ 102
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 9
ECM-5510
1. Getting Started
1.1 Safety Precautions
Warning!
Always completely disconnect the power cord from your
chassis whenever you work with the hardware. Do not
make connections while the power is on. Sensitive
electronic components can be damaged by sudden power
surges. Only experienced electronics personnel should
open the PC chassis.
Caution!
Always ground yourself to remove any static charge before
touching the CPU card. Modern electronic devices are very
sensitive to static electric charges. As a safety precaution,
use a grounding wrist strap at all times. Place all electronic
components in a static-dissipative surface or static-shielded
bag when they are not in the chassis.
1.2 Packing List
Before you begin installing your single board, please make sure that the
following materials have been shipped:
z
1 x ECM-5510 onboard AMD Geode GX466 333 MHz mini module
z
1 x Quick Installation Guide for ECM-5510
z
1 x CD-ROM or DVD-ROM contains the followings:
—
—
—
—
User’s Manual (this manual in PDF file)
Ethernet driver and utilities
VGA drivers and utilities
Audio drivers and utilities
10 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
1.3 Document Amendment History
Revision
st
1
Date
By
May, 2006
Vicky Lin
Comment
Initial Release
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 11
ECM-5510
1.4 Manual Objectives
This manual describes in detail the Avalue Technology ECM-5510 Single Board.
We have tried to include as much information as possible but we have not duplicated
information that is provided in the standard IBM Technical References, unless it proved to
be necessary to aid in the understanding of this board.
We strongly recommend that you study this manual carefully before attempting to interface
with ECM-5510 series or change the standard configurations. Whilst all the necessary
information is available in this manual we would recommend that unless you are confident,
you contact your supplier for guidance.
Please be aware that it is possible to create configurations within the CMOS RAM that
make booting impossible. If this should happen, clear the CMOS settings, (see the
description of the Jumper Settings for details).
If you have any suggestions or find any errors concerning this manual and want to inform
us of these, please contact our Customer Service department with the relevant details.
12 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
1.5 System Specifications
System
Onboard AMD Geode GX466 333 MHz
CPU
Note: Available in different CPU speeds by request
BIOS
Award 512 KB Flash BIOS
System Chipset
AMD Geode GX466/CS5535
I/O Chip
Winbond W83627HF-AW
64/128/256 MB DDR SDRAM onboard
System Memory
One 184-pin DIMM socket supports up to 512 MB DDR 200/266 SDRAM
SSD
One M-Systems DiskOnChip, one CompactFlash Type I/II socket
Watchdog Timer
Reset: 1 sec.~255 min. and 1 sec. or 1 min./step
Expansion
One PC/104 connector, one PCI slot (PCI Rev. 2.2 compliant)
I/O
2 x EIDE (Ultra DMA 66), 1 x FDD, 1 x LPT, 3 x RS-232,
MIO
1 x RS-232/422/482, 1 x K/B, 1 x Mouse
IrDA
115k bps, IrDA 1.0 compliant
USB
4 x USB 1.1 ports
DIO
16-bit General Purpose I/O for DI and DO
Display
Chipset
AMD Geode GX466 with integrated 2D graphics engine
Display Memory
8/16 MB frame buffer using system memory
CRT mode: 1280 x 1024 @ 24 bpp (60 Hz)
Resolution
LCD mode: 1280 x 1024 @ 24 bpp (85 Hz)
PCI bus VGA/LCD interface
VGA/LCD Interface
LVDS
Supports 18/24-bit TFT panels
Single channel 24-bit LVDS
Audio
Chipset
AMD Geode CS5535
AC97 Codec
VIA VT1612A
Audio Interface
Mic in, Line in, CD Audio in, Line out
Ethernet
Realtek RTL8100C
LAN 1
Ethernet Interface
Optional Intel® 82551QM/82551ER
100Base-Tx Fast Ethernet compatible
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 13
ECM-5510
Mechanical & Environmental
+5V @ 1.71 A, 5 Vsb @ 0.17 A (with AMD Geode GX466 333 MHz & 256
Power Requirement
MB DDR SDRAM)
Power Type
AT/ATX
Operation Temperature
0~60oC (32~140o F)
Operating Humidity
0%~90% relative humidity, non-condensing
Size ( L x W )
8" x 5.75" (203 mm x 146 mm)
Weight
0.88 lbs (0.4 Kg)
14 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
1.6 Architecture Overview
1.6.1
Block Diagram
The following block diagram shows the architecture and main components of ECM-5510.
The following sections provide detail information about the functions provided onboard.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 15
ECM-5510
1.6.2
AMD Geode GX2 & CS5535
The AMD Geode ™ GX2 processor is designed from the ground-up for information
appliances, the GX2 processor delivers optimal performance for full-featured multimedia
applications across broadband connections.
The GX2 processor includes a powerful 32-bit-x86 core integrated FPU, a display controller
with up to 1600 x 1200 resolution, a graphic processor, a SDRAM controller (SDR or DDR
supported), a TFT interface and integrated DACs for CRT support (pinout options).
Together with its AMD Geode™ CS5535 I/O companion device, the AMD Geode GX2
processor delivers the optimum balance between power consumption and performance.
The GX2 processor is powered by a new x86 core with support for MMX™ and 3DNow!™
extensions. Built around AMD’s GeodeLink™ architecture with an on-chip bandwidth of up
to 6 Gbps, the GX2 processor supports high quality multimedia applications.
The AMD Geode GX2 processor is a very low powered x86 microprocessor with typical
power consumption of less than 1.5 W. It’s a highly integrated solution that enables small
form factor devices.
Outstanding features:
• 32-bit low-power x86 processor with support for Intel MMX and 3DNow! extensions
• 32 KB of level 1 cache,16 KB instruction, and 16 KB data
• High-performance patented GeodeLink™ architecture
Integrated display controller
• Integrated video DACs and integrated TFT interface for flexible output options: CRT
or TFT (Bond-out option)
• PCI 66 MHz Bus
„
Industry standard PCI 2.2 specification compliant
„
Write gathering and write posting of inbound write requests
„
Supports fast back to back transactions
• 64-bit SDR or DDR memory controller with integrated graphics
• Integrated thermal diode
• Optimized Unified Memory Architecture (UMA) with patented compression
technology
• EBGA-368 terminal package
Memory controller
• Integrated memory controller for low latency to CPU and on-chip peripherals
• 64-bit wide SDRAM bus
Graphics processor
• High performance 2D graphics controller
• Alpha BLT
• Integrated dot clock PLL
•
16 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
Display controller
Supports up to 1600 x 1200 x 16 BPP and 1280 x 1024 x 24 BPP @ 85 Hz (CRT)
• Hardware-based VGA
• Hardware video up/down scaler
• Graphics/video alpha blending
• TFT or CRT interface
• Integrated CRT DACs
IDE controller
• UDMA-66 compliant
• One channel with two devices
Flash interface
• Multiplexed with IDE interface
• Connects to an array of industry standard NAND Flash and/or NOR Flash
USB controllers
• 2 USB 1.1 controllers, supporting total of four ports
Audio codec 97 controller
• AC97 specification version 2.1 compliant interface to multiple audio codecs: serial in,
serial-out, bit clock-in
• Multiple codec support
• Surround sound support
IR (infrared) communication port
• Shared with serial port 1
• 16550A and 16450 software compatible
• Consumer-IR (TV-remote) mode
• HP-SIR
• Selectable internal or external modulation/demodulation (SHARP-IR)
• Consumer remote control supports RC-5, RC-6, NEC, RCA,
• RECS 80 AMD Geode™ Solutions CS5535 companion device –
•
GX2 Processor
System Management Bus (SMB) controller
• Compatible with Intel System Management Bus, Phillips I2C, and ACCESS.bus
LPC (low pin count) port
• Based on Intel LPC interface specifications, revision 1.0 General Purpose I/Os
(GPIOs)
• Up to 28 programmable GPIOs: in, out, I/O, open-drain, pull-up/down, and invert
•
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 17
ECM-5510
1.6.3
VIA VT1612A Audio Codec
VIA Technologies’ VT1612ATM 18-bit audio codec conforms to the AC’97 2.2. The
VT1612A integrates Sample Rate Converters and can be adjusted in 1Hz increments. The
analog mixer circuitry integrates a stereo enhancement to provide a pleasing 3D surround
sound effect for stereo media.
Furthermore, an integrated headphone amplifier with thermal shutdown adds signal value
by reducing the BOM. This codec is designed with aggressive power management to
achieve low power consumption. When used with 3.3V analog supply, power consumption
is further reduced. The primary applications for this part are desktop and portable personal
computers multimedia subsystems.
1.6.4
Ethernet
1.6.4.1 Realtek RTL8100C Ethernet Controller
The Realtek RTL8100C(L) is enhanced with an ACPI (Advanced Configuration Power
Interface) management function for PCI in order to provide efficient power management for
advanced operating systems with OSPM (Operating System Directed Power Management).
It also supports remote wake-up (including AMD Magic Packet™ and Microsoft® Wake-up
frame) to increase cost-efficiency in network maintenance and management.
• 128-pin PQFP/LQFP (PQFP package pin-to-pin compatible with Realtek
RTL8110S-32 Single-Chip Gigabit Ethernet Controller)
• Supports PCI/mini-PCI interfaces
• Integrates Fast Ethernet MAC, physical chip, and transceiver onto a single chip
• 10Mbps and 100Mbps operation supporting N-way auto-negotiation
• Supports 25MHz Crystal or 25MHz OSC as the internal clock source
• Complies with PC99/PC2001 standards
• Supports ACPI power management
• Provides PCI bus master data transfer
• Provides PCI memory space or I/O space mapped data transfer
• Supports PCI clock speed of 16.75MHz-40MHz
• Advanced power saving mode
• Supports Wake-on-LAN and remote wake-up (AMD Magic Packet™, Link Change,
and Microsoft® Wake-up frame)
• Half/Full duplex capability
• Supports Full Duplex Flow Control (IEEE 802.3x)
• Provides interface to 93C46 EEPROM to store resource configuration and ID
parameters
• Provides PCI clock run pin
• Provides LED pins for network operation status indication
• 2.5/3.3V power supply with 5V tolerant I/Os
• 0.25µm CMOS process
18 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
1.6.5
Winbond W83627HF-AW LPC Super I/O
The Winbond W83627F/HF is made to fully comply with Microsoft PC98 and PC99
Hardware Design Guide. Moreover, W83627F/HF is made to meet the specification of
PC98/PC99’s requirement in the power management: ACPI and DPM (Device Power
Management). Super I/O chip provides features as the following:
• Meet LPC Spec. 1.0
• Support LDRQ# (LPC DMA), SERIRQ (serial IRQ)
• Include all features of Winbond I/O W83977TF and W83977EF
• Integrate Hardware Monitor functions
• Compliant with Microsoft PC98/PC99 Hardware Design Guide.
• Support DPM (Device Power Management), ACPI
• Programmable configuration settings
• Single 24 or 48 MHz clock input
1.6.6
Winbond W83977EF ISA Super I/O
The Winbond W83627F/HF is made to fully comply with Microsoft PC98 Hardware Design
Guide. Moreover, W83627F/HF is made to meet the specification of PC98’s requirement in
the power management: ACPI and DPM (Device Power Management). Super I/O chip
provides features as the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Plug & Play 1.0A compatible
Supports 12 IRQs, 4 DMA channels, full 16-bit address decoding
Capable of ISA Bus IRQ Sharing
Compliant with Microsoft PC98 Hardware Design Guide
Supports DPM (Device Power Management), ACPI
Reports ACPI status interrupt by SCI# signal issued from any of the 12 IRQs pins or
GPIO xx
• Programmable configuration settings
• Single 24/48 Mhz clock input
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 19
ECM-5510
1.6.7
NS DS90C385 LVDS Transmitter
The DS90C385 transmitter converts 28 bits of LVCMOS/LVTTL data into four LVDS (Low
Voltage Differential Signaling) data streams. A phase-locked transmit clock is transmitted in
parallel with the data streams over a fifth LVDS link. Every cycle of the transmit clock 28
bits of input data are sampled and transmitted. At a transmit clock frequency of 85 MHz, 24
bits of RGB data and 3 bits of LCD timing and control data (FPLINE, FPFRAME, DRDY)
are transmitted at a rate of 595 Mbps per LVDS data channel. Using a 85 MHz clock, the
data throughput is 297.5 Mbytes/sec. Also available is the DS90C365 that converts 21 bits
of LVCMOS/LVTTL data into three LVDS (Low Voltage Differential Signaling) data streams.
Both transmitters can be programmed for Rising edge strobe or Falling edge strobe through
a dedicated pin. A Rising edge or Falling edge strobe transmitter will interoperate with a
Falling edge strobe Receiver (DS90CF386/DS90CF366) without any translation logic.
1.6.8
ITE IT8888F PCI-ISA Bridge
The IT8888F is a PCI to ISA bridge single function device. The IT8888F serves as a bridge
between the PCI bus and ISA bus. The IT8888F’s 32-bit PCI bus interface is compliant with
PCI Specification V2.1 and supports both PCI Bus Master & Slave.
20 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2. Hardware
Configuration
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 21
ECM-5510
2.1 Product Overview
22 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.2 Installation Procedure
This chapter explains you the instructions of how to setup your system.
1. Turn off the power supply.
2. Insert the DIMM module (be careful with the orientation).
3. Insert all external cables for hard disk, floppy, keyboard, mouse, USB etc. except for flat
panel. A CRT monitor must be connected in order to change CMOS settings to support
flat panel.
4. Connect power supply to the board via the ATXPWR.
5. Turn on the power.
6. Enter the BIOS setup by pressing the delete key during boot up. Use the “LOAD BIOS
DEFAULTS” feature. The Integrated Peripheral Setup and the Standard CMOS Setup
Window must be entered and configured correctly to match the particular system
configuration.
7. If TFT panel display is to be utilized, make sure the panel voltage is correctly set before
connecting the display cable and turning on the power.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 23
ECM-5510
2.2.1
Main Memory
ECM-5510 provides one 184-pin SODIMM sockets to support DDR SDRAM. The total
maximum memory size is 512 MB.
DIMM1
Make sure to unplug the power supply before adding or removing DIMMs or
other system components. Failure to do so may cause severe damage to
both the board and the components.
24 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
•
•
•
•
Locate the DIMM slot on the board.
Hold two edges of the DIMM module carefully. Keep away of touching its connectors.
Align the notch key on the module with the rib on the slot.
Firmly press the modules into the slot automatically snaps into the mounting notch. Do
not force the DIMM module in with extra force as the DIMM module only fit in one
direction.
• To remove the DIMM modules, push the two ejector tabs on the slot outward
simultaneously, and then pull out the DIMM module.
Note: (1) Please do not change any DDR SDRAM parameter in BIOS setup to
increase your system’s performance without acquiring technical
information in advance.
(2) Static electricity can damage the electronic components of the computer
or optional boards. Before starting these procedures, ensure that you
are discharged of static electricity by touching a grounded metal object
briefly.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 25
ECM-5510
2.3 Jumper and Connector List
You can configure your board to match the needs of your application by setting jumpers. A
jumper is the simplest kind of electric switch.
It consists of two metal pins and a small metal clip (often protected by a plastic cover) that
slides over the pins to connect them. To “close” a jumper you connect the pins with the clip.
To “open” a jumper you remove the clip. Sometimes a jumper will have three pins, labeled 1,
2, and 3. In this case, you would connect either two pins.
The jumper settings are schematically depicted in this manual as follows:
A pair of needle-nose pliers may be helpful when working with jumpers.
Connectors on the board are linked to external devices such as hard disk drives, a
keyboard, or floppy drives. In addition, the board has a number of jumpers that allow you to
configure your system to suit your application.
If you have any doubts about the best hardware configuration for your application, contact
your local distributor or sales representative before you make any changes.
The following tables list the function of each of the board's jumpers and connectors.
Jumpers
Label
Function
Note
JP1
BIOS write protect select
3 x 1 header, pitch 2.54mm
JP2
TFT/CRT select
2 x 1 header, pitch 2.0mm
JP3
Clear CMOS
3 x 1 header, pitch 2.54mm
JP5
JP6
COM2 RS-232/422/485 select
3 x 2 header, pitch 2.0mm
4 x 3 header, pitch 2.0mm
JP7, JP8,
JP9, JP10
COM 2/4/3/1 pin 9 select
3 x 2 header, pitch 2.0mm
JP11
LCD inverter power select
3 x 1 header, pitch 2.0mm
JP13
Compact Flash mode select
2 x 1 header, pitch 2.54mm
JP14
DOC memory address select
2 x 1 header, pitch 2.0mm
26 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
Connectors
Label
Function
Note
ATX1
ATX power connector
CN1
System fan connector
3 x 1 wafer, pitch 2.54mm
CN2
CPU fan connector
3 x 1 wafer, pitch 2.54mm
CN3
TFT panel connector
HIROSE DF13-40DP-1.25V
CN4
LVDS connector
HIROSE DF13-40DP-1.25V
CN5
CD-ROM audio input connector
5 x 1 wafer, pitch 2.0mm
CN6
Serial port 1, 2, 3, 4 connector
20 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
CN7 + CN8
PC/104 connector
CN9
Reserved
CN10
IrDA connector
5 x 1 header, pitch 2.54mm
CN11
Keyboard & mouse connector
4 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
CN12
USB connector 0 & 1
5 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
CN13
LCD inverter connector
5 x 1 wafer, pitch 2.0mm
CN14
Primary IDE connector
20 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
CN15
USB connector 2 & 3
5 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
DIMM1
184-pin DIMM socket
FLP1
Floppy connector
17 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
JDIO1
Digital I/O connector
10 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
JFP1
Front panel connector
8 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
JP4
Audio connector
8 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
JP12
LCD backlight brightness adjustment
connector
3 x 1 header, pitch 2.0mm
JP15
-5V/-12V PC/104 voltage connector
2 x 1 wafer, pitch 2.0mm
LAN1
RJ-45 Ethernet
LPT1
Parallel port connector
PCI1
PCI slot
PWR1
Power connector
SN1
Compact Flash card connector
U19
DiskOnChip socket
VGA1
VGA connector
13 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
8 x 2 header, pitch 2.54mm
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 27
ECM-5510
2.4 Setting Jumpers & Connectors
2.4.1
BIOS Write Protect Select (JP1)
Protect*
Write
* Default
2.4.2
TFT/CRT Select (JP2)
TFT
CRT*
* Default
28 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.3
Clear CMOS (JP3)
Protect*
Clear CMOS
* Default
2.4.4
COM2 RS-232/422/485 Select (JP5, JP6)
JP6
(JP5)
(JP6)
RS-232*
RS-232*
RS-422
RS-422
RS-485
RS-485
JP5
* Default
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 29
ECM-5510
2.4.5
COM2/4/3/1 Pin 9 Select (JP7, JP8, JP9, JP10)
+5V
JP10
JP9
JP8
JP7
+12V
Ring*
* Default
2.4.6
LCD Inverter Power Select (JP11)
+12V*
+5V
* Default
30 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.7
Compact Flash Mode Select (JP13)
Master
Slave*
* Default
2.4.8
DOC Memory Address Select (JP14)
D0000
D4000*
D8000
Disabled
* Default
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 31
ECM-5510
2.4.9
ATX Power Connector (ATX1)
32 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
NC
11
1
+3.3V
NC
12
2
+3.3V
GND
13
3
GND
PS_ON
14
4
+5V
GND
15
5
GND
GND
16
6
+5V
GND
17
7
GND
NC
18
8
PWROK
+5V
19
9
5VSB
+5V
20
10
+12V
User’s Manual
2.4.10
System Fan Connector (CN1)
Signal
PIN
GND
1
+12V
2
TAC
3
2.4.10.1 Signal Description – System Fan Connector (CN1)
Signal
TAC
2.4.11
Signal Description
Fan speed monitor
CPU Fan Connector (CN2)
Signal
PIN
GND
1
+12V
2
TAC
3
2.4.11.1 Signal Description – CPU Fan Connector (CN2)
Signal
TAC
Signal Description
Fan speed monitor
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 33
ECM-5510
2.4.12
TFT Panel Connector (CN3)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
ENBLK
39
40
NC
M
37
38
LP
SHFCLK
35
36
FLM
GND
33
34
GND
P22
31
32
P23
P20
29
30
P21
P18
27
28
P19
P16
25
26
P17
P14
23
24
P15
P12
21
22
P13
P10
19
20
P11
P8
17
18
P9
P6
15
16
P7
P4
13
14
P5
P2
11
12
P3
P0
9
10
P1
VCON
7
8
GND
+3.3V
5
6
+3.3V
GND
3
4
GND
+5V
1
2
+5V
2.4.12.1 Signal Description – TFT Panel Connecter (CN3)
Signal
Description
P [0:23]
Flat panel data output for 18/24 bit TFT flat panels. Refer to table below for
configurations for various panel types. The flat panel data and control outputs are
all on-board controlled for secure power-on/off sequencing
SHFCLK
Shift Clock. Pixel clock for flat panel data
LP
Flat panel equivalent of HSYNC (horizontal synchronization)
FLM
Flat panel equivalent of VSYNC (vertical synchronization)
M
Multipurpose signal, function depends on panel type. May be used as AC drive
control signal or as BLANK# or Display Enable signal
ENBKL
Enable backlight signal. This signal is controlled as a part of the panel power
sequencing
ENVEE
Enable VEE. Signal to control the panel power-on/off sequencing. A high level may
turn on the VEE (LCD bias voltage) supply to the panel
34 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.12.2 Signal Configuration – TFT Panel Display (CN3)
Signal
18-bit TFT
24-bit TFT
P0
-
B0
P1
-
B1
P2
B0
B2
P3
B1
B3
P4
B2
B4
P5
B3
B5
P6
B4
B6
P7
B5
B7
P8
-
G0
P9
-
G1
P10
G0
G2
P11
G1
G3
P12
G2
G4
P13
G3
G5
P14
G4
G6
P15
G5
G7
P16
-
R0
P17
-
R1
P18
R0
R2
P19
R1
R3
P20
R2
R4
P21
R3
R5
P22
R4
R6
P23
R5
R7
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 35
ECM-5510
2.4.13
LVDS Connector (CN4)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
NC
39
40
NC
GND
37
38
GND
NC
35
36
Txclk#
NC
33
34
Txclk
GND
31
32
GND
NC
29
30
NC
NC
27
28
NC
GND
25
26
GND
NC
23
24
NC
NC
21
22
NC
GND
19
20
GND
Txout3#
17
18
Txout2#
Txout3
15
16
Txout2
GND
13
14
GND
Txout1#
11
12
Txout0#
Txout1
9
10
Txout0
GND
7
8
2
GND
2
I C_CLK
5
6
I C_DAT
+3.3V
3
4
+5V
+3.3V
1
2
+5V
2.4.13.1 Signal Description – LVDS Connecter (CN4)
Signal
Description
2
I2C_DAT, I2C_CLK
I C interface for panel parameter EEPROM. This EERPOM is mounted on the
LVDS receiver. The data in the EEPROM allows the EXT module to automatically
set the proper timing parameters for a specific LCD panel.
36 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.14
CD-ROM Audio Input Connector (CN5)
Signal
PIN
CD_R
4
GND
3
CD_L
2
GND
1
2.4.14.1 Signal Description – CD-ROM Audio Input Connecter (CN5)
Signal
Signal Description
CD_R
Right CD-IN signal
CD_L
Left CD-IN signal
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 37
ECM-5510
2.4.15
Serial Port 1, 3, 4 Connector (CN6)
Serial Port 1 (Pin 1-10)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DCD1
1
2
DSR1
RxD1
3
4
RTS1
TxD1
5
6
CTS1
DTR1
7
8
RI1/+5V/+12V
GND
9
10
NC
Serial Port 3 (Pin 21-30)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DCD3
21
22
DSR3
RxD3
23
24
RTS3
TxD3
25
26
CTS3
DTR3
27
28
RI3/+5V/+12V
GND
29
30
NC
Serial Port 4 (Pin 31-40)
38 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DCD4
31
32
DSR4
RxD4
33
34
RTS4
TxD4
35
36
CTS4
DTR4
37
38
RI4/+5V/+12V
GND
39
40
NC
User’s Manual
2.4.15.1 Signal Description – Serial Port 1, 3, 4 Connector (CN6)
Signal
Signal Description
Serial output. This signal sends serial data to the communication link. The signal is
TxD
set to a marking state on hardware reset when the transmitter is empty or when
loop mode operation is initiated.
RxD
DTR
DSR
RTS
CTS
DCD
RI
Serial input. This signal receives serial data from the communication link.
Data Terminal Ready. This signal indicates to the modem or data set that the
on-board UART is ready to establish a communication link.
Data Set Ready. This signal indicates that the modem or data set is ready to
establish a communication link.
Request To Send. This signal indicates to the modem or data set that the on-board
UART is ready to exchange data.
Clear To Send. This signal indicates that the modem or data set is ready to
exchange data.
Data Carrier Detect. This signal indicates that the modem or data set has detected
the data carrier.
Ring Indicator. This signal indicates that the modem has received a telephone
ringing signal.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 39
ECM-5510
2.4.16
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-232 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DCD2
11
12
DSR2
RxD2
13
14
RTS2
TxD2
15
16
CTS2
DTR2
17
18
RI2/+5V/+12V
GND
19
20
NC
2.4.16.1 Signal Description – Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-232 Mode (CN6, Pin
11-20)
Signal
Signal Description
Serial output. This signal sends serial data to the communication link. The signal is
TxD
set to a marking state on hardware reset when the transmitter is empty or when
loop mode operation is initiated.
RxD
DTR
DSR
RTS
CTS
DCD
RI
Serial input. This signal receives serial data from the communication link.
Data Terminal Ready. This signal indicates to the modem or data set that the
on-board UART is ready to establish a communication link.
Data Set Ready. This signal indicates that the modem or data set is ready to
establish a communication link.
Request To Send. This signal indicates to the modem or data set that the on-board
UART is ready to exchange data.
Clear To Send. This signal indicates that the modem or data set is ready to
exchange data.
Data Carrier Detect. This signal indicates that the modem or data set has detected
the data carrier.
Ring Indicator. This signal indicates that the modem has received a telephone
ringing signal.
40 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.17
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-422 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
TxD-
11
12
RxD+
TxD+
13
14
RxD-
GND
15
16
NC
NC
17
18
NC
NC
19
20
NC
2.4.17.1 Signal Description – Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-422 Mode (CN6, Pin
11-20)
Signal
Signal Description
Serial output. This differential signal pair sends serial data to the communication
TxD+/-
link. Data is transferred from Serial Port 2 Transmit Buffer Register to the
communication link, if the RTS register of the Serial Port 2 is set to LOW.
Serial input. This differential signal pair receives serial data from the
RxD+/-
communication link. Received data is available in Serial Port 2 Receiver Buffer
Register.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 41
ECM-5510
2.4.18
Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-485 Mode (CN6, Pin 11-20)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DATA+
11
12
NC
DATA-
13
14
NC
GND
15
16
NC
NC
17
18
NC
NC
19
20
NC
2.4.18.1 Signal Description – Serial Port 2 Connector in RS-485 Mode (CN6, Pin
11-20)
Signal
Signal Description
This differential signal pair sends and receives serial data to the communication
DATA+/-
link.
The mode of this differential signal pair is controlled through the RTS
register of Serial Port 2. Set the RTS register of the Serial Port 2 to LOW for
transmitting, HIGH for receiving.
Do not select a mode different from the one used by the connected peripheral,
as this may damage CPU board and/or peripheral.
The transmitter drivers in the port are short circuit protected by a thermal
protection circuit. The circuit disables the drivers when the die temperature
reaches 150 °C.
RS-422 mode is typically used in point to point communication. Data and
control signal pairs should be terminated in the receiver end with a resistor
matching the cable impedance (typical 100-120 Ω). The resistors could be
placed in the connector housing.
RS-485 mode is typically used in multi drop applications, where more than 2
units are communicating. The data and control signal pairs should be
terminated in each end of the communication line with a resistor matching the
cable impedance (typical 100-120 Ω). Stubs to substations should be
avoided.
42 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.19
PC/104 Connector (CN7 + CN8)
CN7
CN7
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
GND
B32
A32
GND
GND
B31
A31
SA0
OSC
B30
A30
SA1
+5V
B29
A29
SA2
BALE
B28
A28
SA3
TC
B27
A27
SA4
DACK2#
B26
A26
SA5
IRQ3
B25
A25
SA6
IRQ4
B24
A24
SA7
IRQ5
B23
A23
SA8
IRQ6
B22
A22
SA9
IRQ7
B21
A21
SA10
SYS_CLK
B20
A20
SA11
REFRESH#
B19
A19
SA12
DRQ1
B18
A18
SA13
DACK1#
B17
A17
SA14
DRQ3
B16
A16
SA15
DACK3#
B15
A15
SA16
IOR#
B14
A14
SA17
IOW#
B13
A13
SA18
SMEMR#
B12
A12
SA19
SMEMW#
B11
A11
AEN
GND
B10
A10
IOCHRDY
+12V
B9
A9
SD0
OWS#
B8
A8
SD1
-12V
B7
A7
SD2
DRQ2
B6
A6
SD3
-5V
B5
A5
SD4
IRQ9
B4
A4
SD5
+5V
B3
A3
SD6
RESETDRV
B2
A2
SD7
GND
B1
A1
IOCHK#
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 43
ECM-5510
CN8
CN8
44 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
NC
C20
D20
GND
SD15
C19
D19
GND
SD14
C18
D18
MASTER#
SD13
C17
D17
+5V
SD12
C16
D16
DRQ7
SD11
C15
D15
DACK7#
SD10
C14
D14
DRQ6
SD9
C13
D13
DACK6#
SD8
C12
D12
DRQ5
MEMW#
C11
D11
DACK5#
MEMR#
C10
D10
DRQ0
SA17
C9
D9
DACK0#
SA18
C8
D8
IRQ14
SA19
C7
D7
IRQ15
LA20
C6
D6
IRQ12
LA21
C5
D5
IRQ11
LA22
C4
D4
IRQ10
LA23
C3
D3
IOCS16#
SBHE#
C2
D2
MEMCS16#
GND
C1
D1
GND
User’s Manual
2.4.19.1 Signal Description – PC/104 Connector (CN7 + CN8)
2.4.19.1.1 Address
Signal
Signal Description
The address signals LA [23:17] define the selection of a 128KB section of memory
space within the 16MB address range of the 16-bit data bus. These signals are
active high. The validity of the MEMCS16# depends on these signals only. These
LA [17:23]
address lines are presented to the system with tri-state drivers. The permanent
master drives these lines except when an alternate master cycle occurs; in this
case, the temporary master drives these lines. The LA signals are not defined for
I/O accesses.
SA [0:19]
System address. Address lines for the first one Megabyte of memory. SA [9:0]
used for I/O addresses. SA0 is the least significant bit
This signal is an active low signal, that indicates that a byte is being transferred on
SBHE#
the upper byte (SD [15:8]) of the 16 bit bus. All bus masters will drive this line with
a tri-state driver.
2.4.19.1.2 Data
Signal
Signal Description
These signals are defined for the low order byte of the 16-bit data bus being the
only bus for 8 bit PC-AT/PC104 adapter boards. Memory or I/O transfers on this
part of the data bus are defined for 8-bit operations with even or odd addresses
and for 16-bit operations for odd addresses only. The signals SA0 and SBHE# are
used to define the data present on this bus:
SD [0:7]
SD [8:15]
SBHE#
SA0
SD8-SD15
SD0-SD7
Action
0
0
ODD
EVEN
Word transfer
0
1
ODD
ODD
1
0
X
EVEN
1
1
X
ODD
Byte transfer on
SD8-SD15
Byte transfer on
SD0-SD7
Byte transfer on
SD7-
These signals are defined for the high order byte of the 16-bit data bus. Memory or
I/O transfers on this part of the bus are defined when SBHE# is active.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 45
ECM-5510
2.4.19.1.3 Commands
Signal
Signal Description
This is an active high signal used to latch valid addresses from the current bus
BALE
master on the falling edge of BALE. During DMA, refresh and alternate master
cycles, BALE is forced high for the duration of the transfer. BALE is driven by the
permanent master with a totem-pole driver.
This is an active low signal driven by the current master to indicate an I/O read
operation. I/O mapped devices using this strobe for selection should decode
IOR#
addresses SA [15:0] and AEN. Additionally, DMA devices will use IOR# in
conjunction with DACKn# to decode a DMA transfer from the I/O device. The
current bus master will drive this line with a tri-state driver.
This is an active low signal driven by the current master to indicate an I/O write
operation. I/O mapped devices using this strobe for selection should decode
IOW#
addresses SA [15:0] and AEN. Additionally, DMA devices will use IOR# in
conjunction with DACKn# to decode a DMA transfer from the I/O device. The
current bus master will drive this line with a tri-state driver.
This is an active low signal driven by the permanent master to indicate a memory
read operation in the first 1MB of system memory. Memory mapped devices using
SMEMR#
this strobe should decode addresses SA [19:0] only. If an alternate master drives
MEMR#, the permanent master will drive SMEMR# delayed by internal logic. The
permanent master ties this line to VCC through a pull-up resistor to ensure that it is
inactive during the exchange of bus masters.
This is an active low signal driven by the permanent master to indicate a memory
write operation in the first 1MB of system memory. Memory mapped devices using
SMEMW#
this strobe should decode addresses SA [19:0] only. If an alternate master drives
MEMR#, the permanent master will drive SMEMR# delayed by internal logic. The
permanent master ties this line to VCC through a pull-up resistor to ensure that it is
inactive during the exchange of bus masters.
This is an active low signal driven by the current master to indicate a memory read
operation. Memory mapped devices using this strobe should decode addresses
MEMR#
LA [23:17] and SA [19:0]. All bus masters will drive this line with a tri-state driver.
The permanent master ties this line to VCC through a pull-up resistor to ensure
that it is inactive during the exchange of bus masters.
This is an active low signal driven by the current master to indicate a memory write
operation. Memory mapped devices using this strobe should decode addresses
MEMW#
LA [23:17] and SA [19:0]. All bus masters will drive this line with a tri-state driver.
The permanent master ties this line to VCC through a pull-up resistor to ensure
that it is inactive during the exchange of bus masters.
46 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.19.1.4 Transfer Response
Signal
Signal Description
This is an active low signal driven by an I/O-mapped PC-AT/PC104 adapter
IOCS16#
indicating that the I/O device located at the address is a 16-bit device. This open
collector signal is driven, based on SA [15:0] only (not IOR# and IOW#) when AEN
is not asserted.
This is an active low signal driven by a memory mapped PC-AT/PC104 adapter
MEMCS16#
indicating that the memory device located at the address is a 16-bit device. This
open collector signal is driven, based on LA [23:17] only.
This signal is an active low open-collector signal asserted by a 16-bit memory
mapped device that may cause an early termination of the current transfer. It
OWS#
should be gated with MEMR# or MEMW# and is not valid during DMA transfers.
IOCHRDY precedes 0WS#.
This is an active high signal driven inactive by the target of either a memory or an
IOCHRDY
I/O operation to extend the current cycle. This open collector signal is driven based
on the system address and the appropriate control strobe. IOCHRDY precedes
0WS#.
This is an active low signal driven active by a PC-AT/PC104 adapter detecting a
IOCHCK#
fatal error during bus operation. When this open collector signal is driven low it will
typically cause a non-maskable interrupt.
2.4.19.1.5 Control
Signal
Signal Description
This clock signal may vary in frequency from 2.5 MHz to 25.0 MHz depending on
SYSCLK
the setup made in the BIOS. Frequencies above 16 MHz are not recommended.
The standard states 6 MHz to 8.33 MHz, but most new adapters are able to handle
higher frequencies. The PC-AT/PC104 bus timing is based on this clock signal.
OSC
This is a clock signal with a 14.31818 MHz ± 50 ppm frequency and a 50 ± 5%
duty cycle. The signal is driven by the permanent master.
This active high signal indicates that the adapter should be brought to an initial
reset condition. This signal will be asserted by the permanent master on the bus
RESETDRV
for at least 100 ms at power-up or watchdog time-out to ensure that adapters in the
system are properly reset. When active, all adapters should turn off or tri-state all
drivers connected to the bus.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 47
ECM-5510
2.4.19.1.6 Interrupts
Signal
IRQ[3:7], IRQ[9:12]
IRQ[14:15]
Signal Description
These signals are active high signals, which indicate the presence of an
interrupting PC-AT/PC104 bus adapter. Due to the use of pull-ups, unused
interrupt inputs must be masked.
2.4.19.1.7 Bus Arbitration
Signal
Signal Description
These signals are active high signals driven by a DMA bus adapter to indicate a
request for a DMA bus operation. DRQ [0:3] request 8 bit DMA operations, while
DRQ[0:3], DRQ[5:7]
DRQ [5:7] request 16 bit operations. All bus DMA adapters will drive these lines
with a tri-state driver. The permanent master monitors these signals to determine
which of the DMA devices, if any, are requesting the bus.
DACK[0:3]#,
DACK[5:7]#
These signals are active low signals driven by the permanent master to indicate
that a DMA operation can begin. They are continuously driven by a totem pole
driver for DMA channels attached.
This signal is an active high totem pole signal driven by the permanent master to
indicate that the address lines are driven by the DMA controller. The assertion of
AEN
AEN disables response to I/O port addresses when I/O command strobes are
asserted. AEN being asserted, only the device with active DACKn# should
respond.
REFRESH#
This is an active low signal driven by the current master to indicate a memory
refresh operation. The current master will drive this line with a tri-state driver.
This active high signal is asserted during a read or write command indicating that
TC
the DMA controller has reached a terminal count for the current transfer. DACKn#
must be presented by the bus adapter to validate the TC signal.
MASTER#
This signal is not supported by the chipset.
48 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.20
IrDA Connector (CN10)
Signal
PIN
+5V
1
NC
2
IRRX
3
GND
4
IRTX
5
2.4.20.1 Signal Description – IrDA Connecter (CN10)
Signal
Signal Description
IRRX
Infrared Receiver input
IRTX
Infrared Transmitter output
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 49
ECM-5510
2.4.21
Keyboard & Mouse Connector (CN11)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
KDAT
1
2
KCLK
GND
3
4
+5V
MDAT
5
6
MCLK
NC
7
8
NC
2.4.21.1 Signal Description – Keyboard & Mouse Connector (CN11)
Signal
KCLK
KDAT
MCLK
MDAT
Signal Description
Bi-directional clock signal used to strobe data/commands from/to the PC-AT
keyboard.
Bi-directional serial data line used to transfer data from or commands to the PC-AT
keyboard.
Bi-directional clock signal used to strobe data/commands from/to the PS/2 mouse.
Bi-directional serial data line used to transfer data from or commands to the PS/2
mouse.
50 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.22
USB Connector 0, 1, 2 & 3 (CN12, CN15)
CN15
CN12
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
+5V
10
9
NC
D0-/D2-
8
7
GND
D0+/D2+
6
5
D1+/D3+
GND
4
3
D1-/D3-
GND
2
1
+5V
2.4.22.1 Signal Description – USB Connector 0, 1, 2, 3 (CN12, CN15)
Signal
D0+ / D0-
D1+ / D1-
D2+ / D2-
D3+ /D3-
Signal Description
Differential bi-directional data signal for USB channel 0. Clock is transmitted along
with the data using NRZI encoding. The signalling bit rate is up to 12 Mbs.
Differential bi-directional data signal for USB channel 1. Clock is transmitted along
with the data using NRZI encoding. The signalling bit rate is up to 12 Mbs.
Differential bi-directional data signal for USB channel 2. Clock is transmitted along
with the data using NRZI encoding. The signalling bit rate is up to 12 Mbs.
Differential bi-directional data signal for USB channel 3. Clock is transmitted along
with the data using NRZI encoding. The signalling bit rate is up to 12 Mbs.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 51
ECM-5510
2.4.23
LCD Inverter Connector (CN13)
Signal
PIN
+5V
5
VR
4
ENBKL
3
GND
2
+5V / +12V
1
Note:
For inverters with adjustable Backlight function, it is possible to control the
LCD brightness through the VR signal controlled by JP12. Please see the
JP12 section for detailed circuitry information.
2.4.23.1 Signal Description – LCD Inverter Connector (CN13)
Signal
Signal Description
VR
Vadj = 0.75V ~ 4.25V (Recommended: 4.7KΩ, >1/16W)
ENBKL
LCD backlight ON/OFF control signal
52 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
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2.4.24
Primary IDE Connector (CN14)
Signal
PIN PIN
Signal
RESET#
1
2
GND
PDD7
3
4
PDD8
PDD6
5
6
PDD9
PDD5
7
8
PDD10
PDD4
9
10
PDD11
PDD3
11
12
PDD12
PDD2
13
14
PDD13
PDD1
15
16
PDD14
PDD0
17
18
PDD15
GND
19
20
NC
PDREQ
21
22
GND
PDIOW#
23
24
GND
PDIOR#
25
26
GND
PIORDY
27
28
GND
PDDACK#
29
30
GND
IRQ14
31
32
NC
PDA1
33
34
NC
PDA0
35
36
PDA2
PDCS1#
37
38
PDCS3#
IDEACTP#
39
40
GND
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 53
ECM-5510
2.4.24.1 Signal Description – Primary IDE Connector (CN14)
Signal
PDA [2:0]
PDCS1#, PDCS3#
PDD [15:0]
PDIOR#
PDIOW#
PIORDY
Signal Description
IDE Address Bits. These address bits are used to access a register or data port in
a device on the IDE bus.
IDE Chip Selects. The chip select signals are used to select the command block
registers in an IDE device. DCS1# selects the primary hard disk.
IDE Data Lines. D [15:0] transfers data to/from the IDE devices.
IDE I/O Read. Signal is asserted on read accesses to the corresponding IDE port
addresses.
IDE I/O Write. Each signal is asserted on write accesses to corresponding the IDE
port addresses.
When deasserted, these signals extend the transfer cycle of any host register
access when the device is not ready to respond to the data transfer request.
RESET#
IDE Reset. This signal resets all the devices that are attached to the IDE interface.
IRQ14
Interrupt line from hard disk. Connected directly to PC-AT bus.
PDREQ
PDDACK#
IDEACTP#
The DREQ is used to request a DMA transfer from the South Bridge. The direction
of the transfers is determined by the IOR#/IOW# signals.
DMA Acknowledge. The DACK# acknowledges the DREQ request to initiate DMA
transfers.
Signal from hard disk indicating hard disk activity. The signal level depends on the
hard disk type, normally active low. The signal is routed directly to the LED.
54 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
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2.4.25
Floppy Connector (FLP1)
Signal
PIN PIN
Signal
GND
1
2
REDWC
GND
3
4
NC
GND
5
6
NC
GND
7
8
INDEX
GND
9
10
MOTSA
GND
11
12
DRVSB
GND
13
14
DRVSA
GND
15
16
MOTEB
GND
17
18
DIR
GND
19
20
STEP
GND
21
22
WDATA
GND
23
24
WGATE
GND
25
26
TK00
GND
27
28
WPT
GND
29
30
RDATA
GND
31
32
SIDE1
GND
33
34
DSKCHG
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 55
ECM-5510
2.4.25.1 Signal Description – Floppy Connector (FLP1)
Signal
RDATA
WDATA
WGATE
MOATSA
MOTEB
DRVSA
DRVSB
SIDE1
Signal Description
The read data input signal from the FDD.
Write data. This logic low open drain writes pre-compensation serial data to the
selected FDD. An open drain output.
Write enable. An open drain output.
Motor A On. When set to 0, this pin enables disk drive 0. This is an open drain
output.
Motor B On. When set to 0, this pin enables disk drive 1. This is an open drain
output.
Drive Select A. When set to 0, this pin enables disk drive A. This is an open drain
output.
Drive Select B. When set to 0, this pin enables disk drive B. This is an open drain
output.
This output signal selects side of the disk in the selected drive.
Direction of the head step motor. An open drain output
DIR
Logic 1 = outward motion
Logic 0 = inward motion
STEP
REDWC
TK00
INDEX
WPT
DSKCHG
Step output pulses. This active low open drain output produces a pulse to move
the head to another track.
This output indicates whether a low drive density (250/300kbps at low level) or a
high drive density (500/1000kbps at high level) has been selected.
Track 0. This Schmitt-triggered input from the disk drive is active low when the
head is positioned over the outermost track.
This Schmitt-triggered input from the disk drive is active low when the head is
positioned over the beginning of a track marked by an index hole.
Write protected. This active low Schmitt input from the disk drive indicates that the
diskette is write-protected.
Diskette change. This signal is active low at power on and whenever the diskette is
removed.
56 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.26
Digital I/O Connector (JDIO1)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
DIO0
1
2
DIO10
DIO1
3
4
DIO11
DIO2
5
6
DIO12
DIO3
7
8
DIO13
DIO4
9
10
DIO14
DIO5
11
12
DIO15
DIO6
13
14
DIO16
DIO7
15
16
DIO17
SMB_CLK_S
17
18
SMB_DATA_S
GND
19
20
+5V
2.4.26.1 Signal Description – Digital I/O Connector (JDIO1)
Signal
Signal Description
DIO [0:17]
Digital input and output Data Bit 0 to Bit 17
SMB_CLK
Data input for I2C input, 5V tolerant
SMB_DATA
Data input for I2C serial input, 5V tolerant
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 57
ECM-5510
2.4.27
Front Panel Connector (JFP1)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
ALED
1
2
+5V
LLED
3
4
+5V
SLED
5
6
+5V
GND
7
8
+5V
GND
9
10
+5V
RESET
11
12
HD_LED
GND
13
14
SPK
PWR_BTN
15
16
+5V
2.4.27.1 Signal Description – Front Panel Connecter (JFP1)
PIN No.
Description
1, 2
Active LAN LED
3, 4
10 Mbps LAN LED
5, 6
100 Mbps LAN LED
9, 11
Reset
10, 12
HDD LED
13, 15
Power SW
14, 16
Speaker
58 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
2.4.28
Audio Connector (JP4)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
Mic-In
1
2
Mic Bais
GND
3
4
GND
Line-Out L
5
6
Line-Out R
Speaker L
7
8
Speaker R
Line-In L
9
10
Line-In R
GND
11
12
NC
GND
13
14
NC
GND
15
16
NC
2.4.28.1 Signal Description – Audio Connecter (JP4)
Signal
Mic / Mic Bias
Signal Description
The MIC signal is used for microphone input. This input is fed to the left
microphone channel.
Mic Bias provides 3.3V supplied through 3.2K Ω with capacitive decoupling to
GND. This signal may be used for bias of some microphone types.
Line-In L/R
Left and right line in signals.
Line-Out L/R
Left and right line out signals. Both signals are capacitor coupled and should have
GND as return.
Speaker L/R
Left and right speaker out signals
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 59
ECM-5510
2.4.29
LCD Backlight Brightness Adjustment Connector (JP12)
Signal
PIN
GND
3
VR
2
+5V
1
VCC
JP12
1
CN13
pin 4
2
3
Variation Resistor
(Recommended: 4.7KΩ, >1/16W)
2.4.30
-5V/-12V PC/104 Voltage Connector (JP15)
60 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Signal
PIN
-12V
1
-5V
2
User’s Manual
2.4.31
Parallel Port Connector (LPT1)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
STB#
1
2
AFD#
PD0
3
4
ERR#
PD1
5
6
INIT#
PD2
7
8
SLIN#
PD3
9
10
GND
PD4
11
12
GND
PD5
13
14
GND
PD6
15
16
GND
PD7
17
18
GND
ACK#
19
20
GND
BUSY
21
22
GND
PE
23
24
GND
SLCT
25
26
GND
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 61
ECM-5510
2.4.31.1 Signal Description – Parallel Port Connecter (LPT1)
Signal
PD[7:0]
SLIN#
SLCT
STB#
BUSY
ACK#
INIT#
Signal Description
Parallel data bus from PC board to printer. The data lines are able to operate in
PS/2 compatible bi-directional mode.
Output line for detection of printer selection. This pin is pulled high internally.
An active high input on this pin indicates that the printer is selected. This pin is
pulled high internally.
An active low output is used to latch the parallel data into the printer. This pin is
pulled high internally.
An active high input indicates that the printer is not ready to receive data. This pin
is pulled high internally.
An active low input on this pin indicates that the printer has received data and is
ready to accept more data. This pin is pulled high internally.
Output line for the printer initialization. This pin is pulled high internally.
An active low output from this pin causes the printer to auto feed a line after a line
AFD#
is printed.
This pin is pulled high internally.
ERR#
PE
2.4.32
An active low input on this pin indicates that the printer has encountered an error
condition. This pin is pulled high internally.
An active high input on this pin indicates that the printer has detected the end of
the paper. This pin is pulled high internally.
Power Connector (PWR1)
62 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Signal
PIN
+5V
4
GND
3
GND
2
+12V
1
User’s Manual
2.4.33
VGA Connector (VGA1)
Signal
PIN
PIN
Signal
RED
1
9
+5V
GREEN
2
10
GND
BLUE
3
11
NC
NC
4
12
DDAT
GND
5
13
HSYNC
GND
6
14
VSYNC
GND
7
15
DCLK
GND
8
16
NC
2.4.33.1 Signal Description – VGA Connecter (VGA1)
Signal
Signal Description
HSYNC
CRT horizontal synchronisation output.
VSYNC
CRT vertical synchronisation output.
DCK
DAT
RED
GREEN
BLUE
Display Data Channel Clock. Used as clock signal to/from monitors with DDC
interface.
Display Data Channel Data. Used as data signal to/from monitors with DDC
interface.
Analog output carrying the red colour signal to the CRT. For 75 Ω cable
impedance.
Analog output carrying the green colour signal to the CRT. For 75 Ω cable
impedance.
Analog output carrying the blue colour signal to the CRT. For 75 Ω cable
impedance.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 63
ECM-5510
3 BIOS Setup
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3.1 Starting Setup
The AwardBIOS™ is immediately activated when you first power on the computer. The
BIOS reads the system information contained in the CMOS and begins the process of
checking out the system and configuring it. When it finishes, the BIOS will seek an
operating system on one of the disks and then launch and turn control over to the operating
system.
While the BIOS is in control, the Setup program can be activated in one of two ways:
By pressing <Del> immediately after switching the system on, or
By pressing the <Del> key when the following message appears briefly at the bottom of the
screen during the POST (Power On Self Test).
Press DEL to enter SETUP
If the message disappears before you respond and you still wish to enter Setup, restart the
system to try again by turning it OFF then ON or pressing the "RESET" button on the
system case. You may also restart by simultaneously pressing <Ctrl>, <Alt>, and <Delete>
keys. If you do not press the keys at the correct time and the system does not boot, an error
message will be displayed and you will again be asked to.
Press F1 to Continue, DEL to enter SETUP
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 65
ECM-5510
3.2 Using Setup
In general, you use the arrow keys to highlight items, press <Enter> to select, use the
PageUp and PageDown keys to change entries, press <F1> for help and press <Esc> to
quit. The following table provides more detail about how to navigate in the Setup program
using the keyboard.
Button
↑
Description
Move to previous item
↓
Move to next item
←
Move to the item in the left hand
→
PgUp key
Move to the item in the right hand
Main Menu -- Quit and not save changes into CMOS
Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu -- Exit current page and
return to Main Menu
Increase the numeric value or make changes
PgDn key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
+ key
Increase the numeric value or make changes
- key
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
F1 key
General help, only for Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
(Shift) F2 key
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to select color forward, (Shift) F2 to select
color backward
F3 key
Calendar, only for Status Page Setup Menu
F4 key
Reserved
F5 key
Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS, only for Option Page Setup Menu
F6 key
Load the default CMOS value from BIOS default table, only for Option Page Setup
Menu
F7 key
Load the default
F8 key
Reserved
F9 key
Reserved
F10 key
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main Menu
Esc key
• Navigating Through The Menu Bar
Use the left and right arrow keys to choose the menu you want to be in.
Note:
Some of the navigation keys differ from one screen to another.
66 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
User’s Manual
• To Display a Sub Menu
Use the arrow keys to move the cursor to the sub menu you want. Then press
<Enter>. A “¾” pointer marks all sub menus.
3.3 Getting Help
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use and the
possible selections for the highlighted item. To exit the Help Window press <Esc> or the F1
key again.
3.4 In Case of Problems
If, after making and saving system changes with Setup, you discover that your computer no
longer is able to boot, the AwardBIOS™ supports an override to the CMOS settings which
resets your system to its defaults.
The best advice is to only alter settings which you thoroughly understand. To this end, we
strongly recommend that you avoid making any changes to the chipset defaults. These
defaults have been carefully chosen by both Award and your systems manufacturer to
provide the absolute maximum performance and reliability. Even a seemingly small change
to the chipset setup has the potential for causing you to use the override.
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 67
ECM-5510
3.5 Main Menu
Once you enter the AwardBIOS™ CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu will appear on the
screen. The Main Menu allows you to select from several setup functions and two exit
choices. Use the arrow keys to select among the items and press <Enter> to accept and
enter the sub-menu.
Note that a brief description of each highlighted selection appears at the bottom of the
screen.
Note: The BIOS setup screens shown in this chapter are for reference purposes
only, and may not exactly match what you see on your screen.
Visit the Avalue website (www.avalue.com.tw) to download the latest
product and BIOS information.
68 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
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3.5.1
Standard CMOS Features
The items in Standard CMOS Setup Menu are divided into few categories. Each category
includes no, one or more than one setup items. Use the arrow keys to highlight the item and
then use the <PgUp> or <PgDn> keys to select the value you want in each item.
3.5.1.1 Main Menu Selection
This reference table shows the selections that you may make on the Main Menu.
Item
Time
IDE Primary Master
IDE Primary Slave
Drive A
Drive B
Video
Halt On
Options
HH : MM : SS
Options are in 3.5.1.2
None
360K, 5.25 in
1.2M, 5.25 in
720K, 3.5 in
1.44M, 3.5 in
2.88M, 3.5 in
EGA/VGA
CGA 40
CGA 80
MONO
All Errors
No Errors
All, but Keyboard
All, but Diskette
All, but Disk/Key
Description
Set the system time
Press <Enter> to enter the sub menu of
detailed options
Select the type of floppy disk drive installed in
your system
Select the default video device
Select the situation in which you want the BIOS
to stop the POST process and notify you
ECM-5510 User’s Manual 69
ECM-5510
3.5.1.2 IDE Adapter Setup
The IDE adapters control the hard disk drive. Use a separate sub menu to configure each
hard disk drive. The below Figure will shows the IDE primary master sub menu.
Item
Options
IDE HDD Auto-detection
Press Enter
IDE Primary Master
IDE Primary Slave,
None
Auto
Manual
Description
Press Enter to auto-detect the HDD on
this channel. If detection is successful,
it fills the remaining fields on this
menu.
Selecting ‘manual’ lets you set the
remaining fields on this screen.
Selects the type of fixed disk. "User
Type" will let you select the number of
cylinders, heads, etc. Note:
PRECOMP=65535 means NONE !
Choose the access mode for this hard
disk
CHS
LBA
Access Mode
Large
Auto
The following options are selectable only if the ‘IDE Channel …’ item is set to ‘Manual’
Min = 0
Set the number of cylinders for this
Cylinder
Max = 65535
hard disk.
Min = 0
Head
Set the number of read/write heads
Max = 255
Min = 0
**** Warning: Setting a value of 65535
Precomp
Max = 65535
means no hard disk
Min = 0
Landing zone
****
Max = 65535
Min = 0
Sector
Number of sectors per track
Max = 255
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3.5.2
Advanced BIOS Features
This section allows you to configure your system for basic operation. You have the
opportunity to select the system’s default speed, boot-up sequence, keyboard operation,
shadowing and security.
3.5.2.1 Virus Warning
Allows you to choose the VIRUS Warning feature for IDE Hard Disk boot sector protection.
If this function is enabled and someone attempt to write data into this area, BIOS will show
a warning message on screen and alarm beep.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Activates automatically when the system boots up causing a warning message to
appear when anything attempts to access the boot sector or hard disk partition table.
No warning message will appear when anything attempts to access the boot sector or
hard disk partition table.
3.5.2.2 CPU Internal Cache
This category speeds up memory access. However, it depends on CPU/chipset design.
The default value is en able.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable cache
Disable cache
3.5.2.3 Quick Power On Self Test
This category speeds up Power On Self Test (POST) after you power up the computer. If it
is set to Enable, BIOS will shorten or skip some check items during POST.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable quick POST
Normal POST
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3.5.2.4 First/Second/Third/Other Boot Device
The BIOS attempts to load the operating system from the devices in the sequence selected
in these items.
Item
Floppy
LS120
HDD-0~1
SCSI
CDROM
ZIP100
USB-FDD
USB-ZIP
USB-CDROM
USB-HDD
LAN
Disabled
Description
Floppy Device
LS120 Device
Hard Disk Device 0~1
SCSI Device
CDROM Device
ZIP-100 Device
USB Floppy Device
USB ZIP Device
USB CDROM Device
USB Hard Disk
Network Device
Disabled any boot device
3.5.2.5 Swap Floppy Drive
While system has two floppy drivers installed, this item will be affected. This function is to
assign physical drive B to logical drive A.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Assign physical drive B to logical drive A
No change
3.5.2.6 Boot Up NumLock Status
Select power on state for NumLock.
Item
On
Off
Description
Enable NumLock
Disable NumLock
3.5.2.7 Gate A20 Option
Select if chipset or keyboard controller should control Gate A20.
Item
Normal
Fast
Description
A pin in the keyboard controller controls Gate A20
Lets chipset control Gate A20
3.5.2.8 Typematic Rate Setting
Key strokes repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller. When enabled, the
typematic rate and typematic delay can be selected.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable typematic rate/delay setting
Disable typematic rate/delay setting
3.5.2.9 Typematic Rate <Chars/Sec>
Sets the number of times a second to repeat a key stroke when you hold the key down
The choices: 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 20, 24, 30.
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3.5.2.10 Typematic Delay <Msec>
When the typematic rate is enabled, this selection allows you to select the delay between
when the key was first depressed and when the acceleration begins.
The choices: 250, 500, 750, 1000.
3.5.2.11 Security Option
Select whether the password is required every time the system boots or only when you
enter setup.
Item
System
Setup
Description
The system will not boot and access to Setup will be denied if the correct password is
not entered at the prompt.
The system will boot, but access to Setup will be denied if the correct password is not
entered at the prompt.
Note: To disable security, select PASSWORD SETTING at Main Menu and then
you will be asked to enter password. Do not type anything and just press
<Enter>, it will disable security. Once the security is disabled, the system
will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
3.5.2.12 OS Select for DRAM > 64MB
Select the operating system that is running with greater than 64MB of RAM on the system.
Item
Non-OS2
OS2
Description
Disable OS for over 64 MB DRAM
Enable OS for over 64 MB DRAM
3.5.2.13 Video BIOS Shadow
To allow copying Video BIOS into shadow RAM to improve video performance.
Item
Enable
Disable
Description
Copy Video BIOS into shadow RAM
Do not copy Video BIOS into shadow RAM
3.5.2.14 C8000-CBFFF/CC000-CFFFF/D0000-D3FFF/D4000-D7FFF/D8000-DBFFF/DC0
00-DFFFF Shadow
These categories determine whether option ROMs will be copied to RAM. An example of
such option ROM would be support of on-board SCSI.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Optional shadow is enabled
Optional shadow is Disabled
3.5.2.15 Full Screen LOGO Show
If the BIOS had the full screen logo in it, this item could allow enable/ disable the full screen
logo show on display.
Item
Enable
Disable
Description
Enable full screen logo show
Disable full screen logo show
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3.5.2.16 Small Logo (EPA) Show
This item allows you enabled/disabled the small EPA logo show on screen at the POST
step.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
EPA Logo show is enabled
EPA Logo show is disabled
3.5.2.17 Onboard Lan Boot ROM
This item allows to boot over the network when system POST and shorten the booting time
by set disabled
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable Onboard LAN boot.
Disabled Onboard LAN boot.
3.5.2.18 Cyrix 6x86/MII CPUID
This item allows you to view the CPU ID of your Cyrix chipset during the boot up process of
your computer.
Item
Enabled
Disabled
Description
Enable to view the Cyrix CPU ID.
Disable to view the Cyrix CPU ID
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3.5.3
Advanced Chipset Features
This section allows you to configure the system based on the specific features of the
installed chipset. This chipset manages bus speeds and access to system memory
resources, such as DRAM and the external cache. It also coordinates communications
between the conventional ISA bus and the PCI bus. It must be stated that these items
should never need to be altered. The default settings have been chosen because they
provide the best operating conditions for your system. The only time you might consider
making any changes would be if you discovered that data was being lost while using your
system.
The first chipset settings deal with CPU access to dynamic random access memory
(DRAM). The default timings have been carefully chosen and should only be altered if data
is being lost. Such a scenario might well occur if your system had mixed speed DRAM
chips installed so that greater delays may be required to preserve the integrity of the data
held in the slower memory chips.
3.5.3.1 CPU/MEM/PCI Frequency
This item allows to select CPU/Memory/PCI frequency.
The choices: Auto, 200/133/66, 333/222/66, 400/266/66, 433/289/66.
3.5.3.2 Video Memory Size
This item allows to select video memory size.
The choices: None M, 4 M, 6 M, 8 M, 12 M, 16 M.
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3.5.3.3 Flat Panel Configuration
Item
Options
Flat Panel Type
TFT, LVDS
Auto
Refresh Rate
60Hz, 65Hz, 70Hz,
72Hz, 75Hz, 85Hz
HSYNC Polarity
High, Low
VSYNC Polarity Active
High, Low
SHFCLK Active Period
LP Active Period
Active only,
Free running
Active running
Free running
Description
This item allows to select the flat panel
type.
This refresh rate is only the number of
time the image is being refreshed on
the monitor screen.
Select polarity of HSYNC signals.
Set the polarity of VSYNC signals
active.
Shift clock or pixel clock for the flat
panel data.
Latch Pulse is the line pulse or latch
pulse for the flat panel data.
3.5.3.4 Onboard Audio
This item allows you to enable the onboard audio function.
The choices: Enabled, Disabled.
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3.5.4
Integrated Peripherals
Use this menu to specify your settings for integrated peripherals.
Item
On-Chip IDE Channel 1
Options
Enabled
Disabled
Master Drive PIO Mode
Slave Drive PIO Mode
Auto
Mode 0
Mode 1
Mode 2
Mode 3
Mode 4
IDE Primary Master UDMA
IDE Primary Slave UDMA
Auto
Disabled
IDE HDD Block Mode
Onboard FDC Controller
Description
This item allows to enable On-chip IDE channel.
The IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields
let you set a PIO mode (0-4) for each of the four
IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface
supports. Modes 0 through 4 provide
successively increased performance. In Auto
mode, the system automatically determines the
best mode for each device.
Ultra DMA implementation is possible only if
your IDE hard drive supports it and the
operating environment includes a DMA driver
(Windows 95 OSR2 or a third-party IDE bus
master driver). If the hard drive and the system
software both support Ultra DMA, select Auto to
enable BIOS support.
Enabled
Disabled
Block mode is also called block transfer,
multiple commands, or multiple sector
read/write. If the IDE hard drive supports block
mode (most new drives do), select Enabled for
automatic detection of the optimal number of
block read/writes per sector the drive can
support.
Enabled
Disabled
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk
controller (FDC) installed on the system board
and you wish to use it. If you are not going to
use FDC or the system has no floppy drive,
select Disabled in this field.
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Item
Onboard Serial Port 1
Onboard Serial Port 2
UART Mode Select
RxD , TxD Active
IR Transmission Delay
UR2 Duplex Mode
Use IR Pins
Onboard Parallel Port
Options
Disable
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
3E8/IRQ4
2E8/IRQ3
Auto
IrDA
ASKIR
Normal
Hi,Hi
Hi,Lo
Lo,Hi
Lo,Lo
Enabled
Disabled
Half
Full
RxD2,TxD2
IR-Rx2Tx2
Disabled
378/IRQ7
278/IRQ5
3BC/IRQ7
Description
Select an address and corresponding interrupt
for the first and second serial ports.
Select UART2 mode as standard serial port or
IR port.
This item allows you to determine the active of
RxD, TxD level.
This item allows you to enable/disable the IR
Transmission Delay.
Select the value required by the IR device
connected to the IR port. Full-duplex mode
permits simultaneous two-direction
transmission. Half-duplex mode permits
transmission in one direction only at a time.
This item allows you to determine the pin
definition.
Select a matching address and interrupt for the
physical parallel (printer) port.
Parallel Port Mode
SPP
EPP
ECP
ECP+EPP
Normal
EPP Mode Select
EPP1.9
EPP1.7
ECP Mode Use DMA
1
3
Watch Dog Timer Select
Disabled,
10, 20, 30, 40 Sec.
1, 2, 4 Min.
Onboard Serial Port 3
Onboard Serial Port 4
Disable
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
3E8/IRQ4
2E8/IRQ3
Select an address and corresponding interrupt
for the first and second serial ports.
PC104 IO Port
Disabled, 220-22F
300-31F, 300-33F
2F8-3FF, 2F8-2FF
3E8-3EF, 2E8-2EF
Select a matching I/O port address for add-on
PC/104 device.
PC104 IRQ
Disabled
IRQ5, IRQ7
Select a matching IRQ channel for add-on
PC/104 device.
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Select an operating mode for the onboard
parallel port. Select Compatible or Extended
unless you are certain both your hardware and
software support EPP or ECP mode.
Select EPP port type 1.7 or 1.9.
Select a DMA channel for the port.
This option will determine watch dog timer
User’s Manual
3.5.5
Power Management Setup
The Power Management Setup allows you to configure you system to most effectively save
energy while operating in a manner consistent with your own style of computer use.
3.5.5.1 Power Management
This category allows you to select the type (or degree) of power saving.
The choices: Disabled, Legacy, APM, ACPI.
3.5.5.2 MODEM Use IRQ
This determines the IRQ in which the MODEM can use.
The choices: NA, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, 10, 11.
3.5.5.3 Power On By Alarm
This determines whether the system boot up if there’s an incoming call from the Modem.
The choices: Enable, Disabled.
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3.5.5.4 IRQ Wakeup Events
The VGA, LPT & COM, HDD & FDD, and PCI master are I/O events which can prevent the
system from entering a power saving mode or can awaken the system from such a mode.
When an I/O device wants to gain the attenetion of the operating system, it signals this by
causing an IRQ to occur. When the operating system is ready to respond to the request, it
interrupts itself and performs the service.
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3.5.6
PnP / PCI Configuration
This section describes configuring the PCI bus system. PCI, or Personal Computer
Interconnect, is a system which allows I/O devices to operate at speeds nearing the speed
the CPU itself uses when communicating with its own special components. This section
covers some very technical items and it is strongly recommended that only experienced
users should make any changes to the default settings.
3.5.6.1 PNP OS Installed
The operation system environment is Plug-and-Play aware sets “YES”
The choices: Yes, No.
3.5.6.2 Init Display First
This item allows you to decide to active whether PCI Slot or AGP first.
The choices: PCI Slot, Onboard.
3.5.6.3 Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended System
Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and the
system reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict that the operating system cannot
boot.
The choices: Enabled, Disabled.
3.5.6.4 Resources Controlled By
The Award Plug and Play BIOS has the capacity to automatically configure all of the boot
and Plug and Play compatible devices. However, this capability means absolutely nothing
unless you are using a Plug and Play operating system such as Windows®95. If you set
this field to “manual” choose specific resources by going into each of the sub menu that
follows this field (a sub menu is preceded by a “¾”).
The choices: Auto(ESCD), Manual.
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3.5.6.5 PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
This item is to set non-standard VGA display adapters such as graphics accelerators or
MPEG video cards showing colors properly.
The choices: Enabled, Disabled.
3.5.7
PC Health Status
This section shows the status of your CPU, Fan & System.
3.5.7.1 Shutdown Temperature
This function allows to set the shutdown temperature to avoid overheating and destroying
the CPU and board.
The choices: Disabled, 60oC/140oF, 65oC/149oF, 70oC/158oF.
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3.5.8
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values for the minimal/stable performance for your
system to operate.
Press <Y> to load the BIOS default values for the most stable, m
inimal-performance system operations.
3.5.9
Load Optimized Defaults
Use this menu to load the BIOS default values that are factory settings for optimal
performance system operations. While Award has designed the custom BIOS to maximize
performance, the factory has the right to change these defaults to meet their needs.
Press <Y> to load the default values setting for optimal performance system operations.
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3.5.10 Set Supervisor / User Password
You can set either supervisor or user password, or both of them.
Supervisor Password: able to enter/change the options of setup menus.
User Password: able to enter but no right to change the options of setup menus.
Type the password, up to eight characters in length, and press <Enter>. The password
typed now will clear any previously entered password from CMOS memory. You will be
asked to confirm the password. Type the password again and press <Enter>. You may also
press <Esc> to abort the selection and not enter a password. To disable a password, just
press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter the password. A message will confirm the
password will be disabled. Once the password is disabled, the system will boot and you can
enter Setup freely.
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PASSWORD DISABLED.
When a password has been enabled, you will be prompted to enter it every time you try to
enter Setup. This prevents an unauthorized person from changing any part of your system
configuration. Additionally, when a password is enabled, you can also require the BIOS to
request a password every time your system is rebooted. This would prevent unauthorized
use of your computer. You determine when the password is required within the BIOS
Features Setup Menu and its Security option (see Section 3). If the Security option is set to
“System”, the password will be required both at boot and at entry to Setup. If set to “Setup”,
prompting only occurs when trying to enter Setup
3.5.11 Save & Exit Setup
Save CMOS value changes to CMOS and exit setup.
Enter <Y> to store the selection made in the menus in CMOS, a special section in memory
that stays on after turning the system off. The BIOS configures the system according to the
Setup selection stored in CMOS when boot the computer next time.
The system is restarted after saving the values.
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3.5.12 Exit Without Save
Abandon all CMOS value changes and exit setup, and the system is restarted after exiting.
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4 Drivers Installation
Note: Installation procedures and screen shots in this section are
for your reference and may not be exactly the same as
shown on your screen.
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4.1 Install Audio Driver (For AMD GX2)
Insert the Supporting CD-ROM to
CD-ROM drive, and it should show the
index page of Avalue’s products
automatically. If not, locate Index.htm and
choose the product from the menu left, or
link to \Driver_Audio\NS\GX2.
Note: The installation procedures and
screen shots in this section are
based on Windows XP operation
system.
Step 3. Select Multimedia Audio
Controller to Update Driver.
Step1. Click Start of the task bar, then the
System of Performance and
Maintenance in Control Panel.
Step 4. Select the Advanced item and
click Next.
Step 2. Click Device Manager of
Hardware.
Step 5. Select the specific location to
Next.
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Step6. Click Continue Anyway to run the
installation.
Step7. Click Finish to complete the setup.
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4.2 Install Display Driver (For AMD GX2)
Insert the Supporting CD-ROM to
CD-ROM drive, and it should show the
index page of Avalue’s products
automatically. If not, locate Index.htm and
choose the product from the menu left, or
link to \Driver_Video\NS\GX2.
Note: The installation procedures and
screen shots in this section are
based on Windows XP operation
system.
Step 3. Select Video Controller (VGA
Compatible to Update Driver.
Step1. Click Start of the task bar, then the
System of Performance and
Maintenance in Control Panel.
Step 4. Select the Advanced item and
click Next.
Step 2. Click Device Manager of
Hardware.
Step 5. Select the specific location to
Next.
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Step6. Click Continue Anyway to run the
installation.
Step7. Click Finish to complete the setup.
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4.3 Install Ethernet Driver (For Realtek RTL810x, RTL813x Family)
Insert the Supporting CD-ROM to
CD-ROM drive, and it should show the
index page of Avalue’s products
automatically. If not, locate Index.htm and
choose the product from the menu left, or
link to \Driver_Network\Realtek\
RTL810x_813X Family.
Note: The installation procedures and
screen shots in this section are
based on Windows XP operation
system.
Step 1. Locate 「\Driver_Network\Realtek\
RTL810x_813X Family\Setup.exe」.
Step 2. Setup executing.
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Step 3. Click Yes to continue the
installation.
Step 4. Click Finish to complete the
setup.
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5 Measurement
Drawing
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(Unit: mm)
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Appendix A:
BIOS Revisions
BIOS Rev.
New Features
Bugs/Problems Solved
Known Problems
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Appendix B:
AWARD BIOS POST
Messages
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Overview
During the Power On Self-Test (POST), if the BIOS detects an error requiring you to do
something to fix, it will either sound a beep code or display a message.
If a message is displayed, it will be accompanied by:
PRESS F1 TO CONTINUE OR PRESS DEL TO ENTER SETUP
Post Beep
Currently there are two kinds of beep codes in BIOS. This code indicates that a video error
has occurred and the BIOS cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional
information. This beep code consists of a single long beep followed by two short beeps.
The other code indicates that your DRAM error has occurred. This beep code consists of a
single long beep repeatedly.
Error Messages
The following messages are examples of messages including errors detected by the BIOS
during POST and a description of what they mean and/or what you may do to correct the
error.
1. CMOS BATTERY HAS FAILED
CMOS battery is no longer functional. It should be replaced.
2. CMOS CHECKSUM ERROR
Checksum of CMOS is incorrect. This can indicate that CMOS has become corrupt. This
error may have been caused by a weak battery. Check the battery and replace if
necessary.
3. DISK BOOT FAILURE, INSERT SYSTEM DISK AND PRESS ENTER
No boot device was found. This could mean that either a boot drive was not detected or the
drive does not contain proper system boot files. Insert a system disk into Drive A: and
press <Enter>. If you assumed the system would boot from the hard drive, make sure the
controller is inserted correctly and all cables are properly attached. Also be sure the disk
is formatted as a boot device. Then reboot the system.
4. DISKETTE DRIVES OR TYPES MISMATCH ERROR - RUN SETUP
Type of diskette drive installed in the system is different from the CMOS definition. Run
Setup to reconfigure the drive type correctly.
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5. DISPLAY SWITCH IS SET INCORRECTLY
Display switch on the motherboard can be set to either monochrome or color. This indicates
the switch is set to a different setting than indicated in Setup. Determine which setting is
correct, and then either turn off the system and change the jumper, or enter Setup and
change the VIDEO selection.
6. DISPLAY TYPE HAS CHANGED SINCE LAST BOOT
Since last powering off the system, the display adapter has been changed. You must
configure the system for the new display type.
7.
EISA Configuration Checksum Error
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The EISA non-volatile RAM checksum is incorrect or cannot correctly read the EISA slot.
This can indicate either the EISA non-volatile memory has become corrupt or the slot has
been configured incorrectly. Also be sure the card is installed firmly in the slot.
8.
EISA Configuration Is Not Complete
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The slot configuration information stored in the EISA non-volatile memory is incomplete.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
9. ERROR ENCOUNTERED INITIALIZING HARD DRIVE
Hard drive cannot be initialized. Be sure the adapter is installed correctly and all cables are
correctly and firmly attached. Also be sure the correct hard drive type is selected in Setup.
10. ERROR INITIALIZING HARD DISK CONTROLLER
Cannot initialize controller. Make sure the cord is correctly and firmly installed in the bus.
Be sure the correct hard drive type is selected in Setup. Also check to see if any jumper
needs to be set correctly on the hard drive.
11. FLOPPY DISK CNTRLR ERROR OR NO CNTRLR PRESENT
Cannot find or initialize the floppy drive controller. Make sure the controller is installed
correctly and firmly. If there are no floppy drives installed, be sure the Diskette Drive
selection in Setup is set to NONE.
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12. Invalid EISA Configuration
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The non-volatile memory containing EISA configuration information was programmed
incorrectly or has become corrupt. Re-run EISA configuration utility to correctly program the
memory.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
13. KEYBOARD ERROR OR NO KEYBOARD PRESENT
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no keys
are being pressed during the boot.
If you are purposely configuring the system without a keyboard, set the error halt condition
in Setup to HALT ON ALL, BUT KEYBOARD. This will cause the BIOS to ignore the
missing keyboard and continue the boot.
14. Memory Address Error at ...
Indicates a memory address error at a specific location. You can use this location along
with the memory map for your system to find and replace the bad memory chips.
15. Memory parity Error at ...
Indicates a memory parity error at a specific location. You can use this location along with
the memory map for your system to find and replace the bad memory chips.
16. MEMORY SIZE HAS CHANGED SINCE LAST BOOT
Memory has been added or removed since the last boot. In EISA mode use Configuration
Utility to reconfigure the memory configuration. In ISA mode enter Setup and enter the new
memory size in the memory fields.
17. Memory Verify Error at ...
Indicates an error verifying a value already written to memory. Use the location along with
your system's memory map to locate the bad chip.
18. OFFENDING ADDRESS NOT FOUND
This message is used in conjunction with the I/O CHANNEL CHECK and RAM PARITY
ERROR messages when the segment that has caused the problem cannot be isolated.
19. OFFENDING SEGMENT:
This message is used in conjunction with the I/O CHANNEL CHECK and RAM PARITY
ERROR messages when the segment that has caused the problem has been isolated.
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20. PRESS A KEY TO REBOOT
This will be displayed at the bottom screen when an error occurs that requires you to reboot.
Press any key and the system will reboot.
21. PRESS F1 TO DISABLE NMI, F2 TO REBOOT
When BIOS detects a Non-maskable Interrupt condition during boot, this will allow you to
disable the NMI and continue to boot, or you can reboot the system with the NMI enabled.
22. RAM PARITY ERROR - CHECKING FOR SEGMENT ...
Indicates a parity error in Random Access Memory.
23. Should Be Empty But EISA Board Found
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
A valid board ID was found in a slot that was configured as having no board ID.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
24. Should Have EISA Board But Not Found
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The board installed is not responding to the ID request, or no board ID has been found in
the indicated slot.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
25. Slot Not Empty
Indicates that a slot designated as empty by the EISA Configuration Utility actually contains
a board.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
26. SYSTEM HALTED, (CTRL-ALT-DEL) TO REBOOT ...
Indicates the present boot attempt has been aborted and the system must be rebooted.
Press and hold down the CTRL and ALT keys and press DEL.
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27. Wrong Board In Slot
PLEASE RUN EISA CONFIGURATION UTILITY
The board ID does not match the ID stored in the EISA non-volatile memory.
Note: When either of these errors appears, the system will boot in ISA mode,
which allows you to run the EISA Configuration Utility.
28. FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (80) → Unable to reset floppy subsystem.
29. FLOPPY DISK(S) fail (40) → Floppy Type dismatch.
30. Hard Disk(s) fail (80)
→ HDD reset failed.
31. Hard Disk(s) fail (40)
→ HDD controller diagnostics failed.
32. Hard Disk(s) fail (20)
→ HDD initialization error.
33. Hard Disk(s) fail (10)
→ Unable to recalibrate fixed disk.
34. Hard Disk(s) fail (08)
→ Sector Verify failed.
35. Keyboard is locked out - Unlock the key.
BIOS detect the keyboard is locked. P17 of keyboard controller is pulled low.
36. Keyboard error or no keyboard present.
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no keys
are being pressed during the boot.
37. Manufacturing POST loop.
System will repeat POST procedure infinitely while the P15 of keyboard controller is pull
low. This is also used for M/B burn in test.
38. BIOS ROM checksum error - System halted.
The checksum of ROM address F0000H-FFFFFH is bad.
39. Memory test fail.
BIOS reports the memory test fail if the onboard memory is tested error.
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ECM-5510
40. POST Codes
Please take reference to Phoenix-Award website for the latest post codes.
http://www.phoenix.com/en/Customer+Services/BIOS/AwardBIOS/Award+Error+Codes.ht
m
40.1 Normal POST Code
Note: EISA POST codes are typically output to port address 300h. ISA POST codes are output to
port address 80h.
Code (hex)
Name
Description
C0
Turn Off Chipset and
OEM Specific-Cache control cache
CPU test
Processor Status (1FLAGS) Verification. Tests the following
processor status flags: Carry, zero, sign, overflow, the BIOS sets
each flag, verifies They are set, then turns each flag off and
verifies it is off.
Read/Write/Verify all CPU registers except SS, SP, and BP with
data pattern FF and 00. RAM must be periodically refreshed to
keep the memory from decaying. This function ensures that the
memory refresh function is working properly.
C1
Memory Presence
First block memory detect OEM Specific-Test to size on-board
memory. Early chip set initialization Memory presence test OEM
chip set routines clear low 64K of memory Test first 64K memory.
C2
Early Memory
OEM Specific- Board Initialization
Initialization
C3
Extend Memory DRAM
OEM Specific- Turn on extended memory Initialization
select
Cyrix CPU initialization, Cache initialization
Special Display
OEM Specific- Display/Video Switch handling so that switch
Handling
handling display switch errors never occurs
C5
Early Shadow
OEM specific- Early shadow enable for fast boot
C6
Cache presence test
External cache size detection
CF
CMOS Check
CMOS checkup
B0
Spurious
If interrupt occurs in protected mode.
B1
Unclaimed NMI
If unmasked NMI occurs, display Press F1 to disable NMI, F2
C4
reboot.
BF
Program Chip Set
To program chipset from defaults values
E1-EF
Setup Pages
E1- Page 1, E2 - Page 2, etc.
1
Force load Default to
Chipset defaults program
chipset
2
Reserved
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Code (hex)
Name
Description
3
Early Superio Init
Early Initialized the super IO
4
Reserved
5
Blank video
6
Reserved
7
Init KBC
Keyboard controller init
8
KB test
Test the Keyboard
9
Reserved
A
Mouse Init
Initialized the mouse
B
Onboard Audio init
Onboard audio controller initialize if exist
C
Reserved
D
Reserved
E
CheckSum Check
F
Reserved
10
Auto detec EEPROM
Reset Video controller
Check the intergraty of the ROM, BIOS and message
Check Flash type and copy flash write/erase routines to 0F000h
segments
11
Reserved
12
Cmos Check
13
Reserved
14
Chipset Default load
15
Reserved
16
Clock Init
17
Reserved
18
Identify the CPU
19
Reserved
1A
Reserved
1B
Setup Interrupt Vector
Initialize first 120 interrupt vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR
Table
and initialize INT 00h-1Fh according to INT_TBL
Check Cmos Circuitry and reset CMOS
Program the chipset registers with CMOS values
Init onboard clock generator
Check the CPU ID and init L1/L2 cache
1C
Reserved
1D
Early PM Init
1E
Reserved
1F
Re-initial KB
20
Reserved
21
HPM init
22
Reserved
23
Test CMOS Interface
Verifies CMOS is working correctly, detects bad battery. If failed,
and battery Status
load CMOS defaults and load into chipset
24
First step initialize if single CPU onboard
Re-init KB
If support HPM, HPM get initialized here
Reserved
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Code (hex)
Name
25
Reserved
26
Reserved
27
KBC final Init
28
Reserved
29
Initialize Video Interface
Description
Final Initial KBC and setup BIOS data area
Read CMOS location 14h to find out type of video in use. Detect
and Initialize Video Adapter.
2A
Reserved
2B
Reserved
2C
Reserved
2D
Video memory test
Test video memory, write sign-on message to screen. Setup
shadow RAM - Enable shadow according to Setup.
2E
Reserved
2F
Reserved
30
Reserved
31
Reserved
32
Reserved
33
PS2 Mouse setup
34
Reserved
35
Test DMA Controller 0
36
Reserved
37
Test DMA Controller 1
38
Reserved
39
Test DMA Page
Setup PS2 Mouse and reset KB
Test DMA Controller 0
Test DMA Controller 1
Test DMA Page Registers.
Registers
3A
Reserved
3B
Reserved
3C
Test Timer Counter 2
3D
Reserved
3E
Test 8259-1 Mask Bits
Test 8254 Timer 0 Counter 2.
Verify 8259 Channel 1 masked interrupts by alternately turning off
and on the interrupt lines.
3F
Reserved
40
Test 8259-2 Mask Bits
Verify 8259 Channel 2 masked interrupts by alternately turning off
and on the interrupt lines.
41
Reserved
42
Reserved
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Code (hex)
Name
Description
43
Test Stuck 8259's
Turn off interrupts then verify no interrupt mask register is on.
Interrupt Bits
Test 8259 Interrupt
Force an interrupt and verify the interrupt occurred.
Functionality
44
Reserved
45
Reserved
46
Reserved
47
Set EISA Mode
If EISA non-volatile memory checksum is good, execute EISA
initialization. If not, execute ISA tests an clear EISA mode flag.
48
Reserved
49
Size Base and
Size base memory from 256K to 640K and extended memory
Extended Memory
above 1MB.
4A
Reserved
4B
Reserved
4C
Reserved
4D
Reserved
4E
Test Base and
Test base memory from 256K to 640K and extended memory
Extended Memory
above 1MB using various patterns.
NOTE: This test is skipped in EISA mode and can be skipped
with ESC key in ISA mode.
4F
Reserved
50
USB init
51
Reserved
52
Memory Test
Initialize USB controller
Test all memory of memory above 1MB using Virtual 8086 mode,
page mode and clear the memory
53
Reserved
54
Reserved
55
CPU display
Detect CPU speed and display CPU vendor specific version
string and turn on all necessary CPU features
56
Reserved
57
PnP Init
58
Reserved
59
Setup Virus Protect
5A
Reserved
5B
Awdflash Load
5C
Reserved
5D
Onboard I/O Init
Display PnP logo and PnP early init
Setup virus protect according to Setup
If required, will auto load Awdflash.exe in POST
Initializing onboard superIO
ECM-5510 User’s Manual105
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Code (hex)
Name
5E
Reserved
5F
Reserved
60
Setup enable
61
Reserved
62
Reserved
63
Initialize & Install
Detect if mouse is present, initialize mouse, install interrupt
Mouse
vectors.
64
Reserved
65
PS2 Mouse special
66
Reserved
67
ACPI init
68
Reserved
69
Setup Cache Controller
6A
Reserved
6B
Setup Entering
6C
Reserved
6D
Initialize Floppy Drive &
Description
Display setup message and enable setup functions
Special treatment to PS2 Mouse port
ACPI sub-system initializing
Initialize cache controller.
Enter setup check and auto- configuration check up
Initialize floppy disk drive controller and any drives.
Controller
6E
Reserved
6F
FDD install
70
Reserved
71
Reserved
72
Reserved
73
Initialize Hard Drive &
Install FDD and setup BIOS data area parameters
Initialize hard drive controller and any drives.
Controller
74
Reserved
75
Install HDD
76
Reserved
77
Detect & Initialize
IDE device detection and install
Initialize any serial and parallel ports (also game port).
Serial/Parallel Port
78
Reserved
79
Reserved
7A
Detect & Initialize Math
Initialize math coprocessor.
Coprocessor
7B
Reserved
7C
HDD Check for Write
protection
106 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
HDD check out
User’s Manual
Code (hex)
Name
Description
7D
Reserved
7E
Reserved
7F
POST error check
80
Reserved
81
Reserved
82
Security Check
Ask password security (optional).
83
Write CMOS
Write all CMOS values back to RAM and clear screen.
84
Pre-boot Enable
Enable parity checker. Enable NMI, Enable cache before boot.
85
Initialize Option ROMs
Initialize any option ROMs present from C8000h to EFFFFh.
Check POST error and display them and ask for user intervention
NOTE: When FSCAN option is enabled, ROMs initialize from
C8000h to F7FFFh.
86
Reserved
87
Reserved
88
Reserved
89
Reserved
8A
Reserved
8B
Reserved
8C
Reserved
8D
Reserved
8E
Reserved
8F
Reserved
90
Reserved
91
Reserved
92
Reserved
93
Boot Medium detection
Read and store boot partition head and cylinders values in RAM
94
Final Init
Final init for last micro details before boot
95
Special KBC patch
Set system speed for boot. Setup NumLock status according to
Setup
96
Boot Attempt
FF
Boot
Set low stack Boot via INT 19h.
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ECM-5510
40.2 Quick POST Codes
Code (hex)
Name
Description
65
Init onboard device
Early Initialized the super IO. Reset Video controller. Keyboard
controller init
Test the Keyboard Initialized the mouse Onboard audio controller
initialize if exist. Check the intergraty of the ROM, BIOS and
message Check Flash type and copy flash write/erase routines to
0F000h segments Check Cmos Circuitry and reset CMOS
Program the chipset registers with CMOS values Init onboard
clock generator
66
Early Sytem setup
Check the CPU ID and init L1/L2 cache. Initialize first 120
interrupt vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR and 10 initialize
INT 00h-1Fh according to INT_TBL First step initialize if single
CPU onboard. Re-init KB If support HPM, HPM get initialized
here.
67
KBC and CMOS Init
Verifies CMOS is working correctly, detects bad battery. If failed,
load CMOS defaults and load into chipset. Final Initial KBC and
setup BIOS data area.
68
Video Init
Read CMOS location 14h to find out type of video in use. Detect
and Initialize Video Adapter. Test video memory, write sign-on
message to screen. Setup shadow RAM - Enable shadow
according to Setup.
69
8259 Init
Init 8259 channel 1 and mask IRQ 9
6A
Memory test
Quick Memory Test
6B
CPU Detect and IO init
CPU vendor specific version string and turn on all necessary CPU
features Display PnP logo and PnP early init Setup virus protect
according to Setup. If required, will auto load Awdflash.exe in
POST Initializing onboard superIO
6C
Reserved
6D
Reserved
6E
Reserved
6F
Reserved
70
Setup Init
Display setup message and enable setup functions Detect if
mouse is present, initialize mouse, install interrupt vectors.
Special treatment to PS2 Mouse port ACPI sub-system initializing
71
Setup Cache Controller
108 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
Initialize cache controller.
User’s Manual
Code (hex)
Name
Description
72
Install FDD
Enter setup check and auto11 configuration check up Initialize
floppy disk drive controller and any drives. Install FDD and setup
BIOS data area parameters
73
Install FDD
Initialize hard drive controller and any drives. IDE device
detection and install Initialize any serial and parallel ports (also
game port).
74
Detect & Initialize Math
Initialize math coprocessor.
Coprocessor
75
HDD Check for Write
HDD check out
protection
76
Reserved
77
Display POST error
Check POST error and display them and ask for user intervention
Ask password security (optional).
78
CMOS and Option
Write all CMOS values back to RAM and clear screen. Enable
ROM Init
parity checker Enable NMI, Enable cache before boot. Initialize
any option ROMs present from C8000h to EFFFFh.
NOTE: When FSCAN option is enabled, ROMs initialize from
C8000h to F7FFFh.
79
Reserved
7A
Reserved
7B
Reserved
7C
Reserved
7D
Boot Medium detection
Read and store boot partition head and cylinders values in RAM
7E
Final Init
Final init for last micro details before boot
7F
Special KBC patch
Set system speed for boot. Setup NumLock status according to
Setup.
80
Boot Attempt
FF
Boot
Set low stack Boot via INT 19h.
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ECM-5510
40.3 S4 POST Codes
Code (hex)
Name
Description
5A
Early Chipset Init
Early Initialized the super IO. Reset Video controller. Keyboard
controller init. Test the Keyboard Initilized the mouse
5B
Cmos Check
Check Cmos Circuitry and reset CMOS
5C
Chipset default Prog
Program the chipset registers with CMOS values. Init onboard
clock generator
5D
Identify the CPU
Check the CPU ID and init L1/L2 cache Initialize first 120 interrupt
vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR and INT 00h-1Fh according
to INT_TBL. First step initialize if single CPU Onboard. Re-init KB
If support HPM, HPM get initialized Here.
5E
Setup Interrupt Vector
Initialize first 120 interrupt vectors with SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR
Table
and INT 00h-1Fh according to INT_TBL. First step initialize if
single CPU Onboard. Re-init KB If support HPM, HPM get
initialized here.
5F
Test CMOS Interface
Verifies CMOS is working correctly, detects bad battery. If failed,
and Battery status
load CMOS defaults and load into chipset.
60
KBC final Init
Final Initial KBC and setup BIOS data area
61
Initialize Video Interface
Read CMOS location 14h to find out type of video in use. Detect
and Initialize Video Adapter.
62
Video memory test
Test video memory, write sign-on Test video memory, write
sign-on message to screen. Setup shadow RAM - Enable
shadow according to Setup.
63
Setup PS2 mouse and
Setup PS2 Mouse and reset KB Test DMA channel 0
test DMA
64
Test 8259
Test 8259 channel 1 and mask IRQ 9
65
Init Boot Device
Detect if mouse is present, initialize mouse, install interrupt
vectors. Special treatment to PS2 Mouse port ACPI sub-system
initializing Initialize cache controller.
66
Install Boot Devices
Enter setup check and auto-configuration check up Initialize
floppy disk drive controller and any drives. Install FDD and setup
BIOS data area Parameters Initialize hard drive controller and
any drives. IDE device detection and install
67
Cache Init
Cache init and USB init
68
PM init
PM initialization
69
PM final Init and issue
Final init Before resume
SMI
FF
Full on
110 ECM-5510 User’s Manual
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40.4 BootBlock POST Codes
Code (hex)
Name
Description
1
Base memory test
Clear base memory area (0000:0000--9000:ffffh)
5
KB init
Initialized KBC
12
Install interrupt vectors
Install int. vector (0-77), and initialized 00-1fh to their proper place
0D
Init Video
Video initializing
41
Init FDD
Scan floppy and media capacity for onboard superIO
FF
Boot
Load boot sector
ECM-5510 User’s Manual111
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