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Only move your child to a booster seat when
they are too big for their current forward facing
child seat. This should not be before they are 4
years old and may be when they are older than 4
• Booster Seat
For children from at least 4 years, until they fit
correctly into an adult seat belt (at around 145cm
A rigid booster seat with a back and side wings
is recommended for children when they outgrow
their forward facing child seat. A booster seat
lifts a child so that an adult lap/sash belt fits
correctly, providing optimum protection.
Booster seats are designed to be used with an
adult lap/sash seat belt. Never use a booster
seat with a lap only belt. A booster seat with
a seat belt locator can help keep the shoulder
strap of the of the adult seat belt in place. A
crotch clip (known as an anti-submarining
device) can help keep the adult lap belt in place.
Children should be secured in a booster seat
until a good adult seat belt fit can be achieved.
This is usually when they are about 145cm tall
and the adult seat belt fits low across the hip
bones and the shoulder strap passes on the
middle part of the shoulder, not across their
neck. The lap belt should not ride up over the
soft abdomen.
When using an adult seat belt either alone or
with a booster seat, make sure that the shoulder
strap is not placed under the child’s arm or
behind their back.
• Children need a safe place to play and should
always be actively supervised.
• Always supervise children whenever a vehicle
is being moved.
• Always take children with you – leaving
children alone in the car is illegal and
• When riding wheeled toys or bicycles, children
should always wear an approved helmet.
• Hold hands with children in and around traffic,
at least until 10 years old.
• Set a good example – children are always
• Always use the correct restraint for your
child’s size and age.
• If possible, place children in the back seat of
the car.
Supported by
The Motor Accident Authority
The Roads and Traffic Authority
NRMA Motoring + Services
Contact us for more information:
Kidsafe New South Wales Inc
Kidsafe House, Hainsworth Street
Westmead NSW 2145
Phone 02 9845 0890 Fax 02 9845 0895
Email [email protected]
Kidsafe Hunter
Shop 5, Pacific Hwy Arcade, Hilltop Plaza
Charlestown NSW 2290
Phone 02 4942 4488 Fax 02 4942 4499
Email [email protected]
April 2010
Kids Safe
on &
the Road
Children need a safe place to play, such as a
backyard, fenced park or recreational area. They
should always be actively supervised by an adult.
A young child’s skull is soft and can easily be
injured from a collision or fall.
Whenever children are riding wheeled toys or
bicycles, it is important that they are wearing a
correctly fitted and Australian Standard approved
helmet. This is an adult’s responsibility.
Whenever children are in a car they should be
buckled-up in child restraints that are correct for
each child’s size and age.
The law requires that all children must be
restrained when travelling in a car. Using a
restraint that fits your child correctly, significantly
reduces their risk of injury in a car crash.
Small children can move surprisingly quickly
and can be impossible to see from inside a car,
especially if they are immediately behind it.
Young children who wear helmets from the
moment they start riding their first wheeled toy
are more likely to continue wearing a helmet as
they grow older.
Always supervise children whenever a vehicle is to
be moved – hold their hands or hold them close to
keep them safe.
Children should always use safety equipment
such as wrist, knee and elbow guards when
skateboarding, rollerblading or riding scooters.
Where possible restrain all children in the back
seat of the car. Children aged 4 to 7 years can
sit in a booster seat in the front seat if they fit the
booster seat and all rear seat positions are used
by younger children.
If you’re the only adult at home and need to
move a vehicle, even only a small distance, place
children securely in the vehicle with you while you
move it.
You can increase visibility by using bright or lightly
coloured clothing, reflectors, reflective tape and
visibility flags.
• Rearward Facing Infant Restraints
For babies from newborn until at least six months
or up to 12 months.
A driveway is actually a small road – discourage
children from using it as a play area.
Make access to the driveway from the house
difficult for a child by using security doors, fencing
or self latching gates.
Hold hands with children in and around traffic,
until they are at least 10 years old. If your hands
are full, make sure children hold onto a shopping
trolley, pram, bag, or even your arm or sleeve.
Kids are always watching – they want to be
just like adults – so make sure you set a good
Parked cars can heat up very quickly, even with
windows wound down and older children can
touch controls and may set the vehicle in motion.
Always take children with you. Leaving them
alone in cars, even for a short period, is illegal and
It is important that children learn to use wheeled
toys under adult supervision and in a safe
While walking, talk with children about why it is
necessary to stop, and what you need to look and
listen for. Explain where it is safer to cross and
Remember that wherever a car may be moving
can be dangerous. This includes quiet and busy
streets, traffic lights, roundabouts, pedestrian
crossings, footpaths, driveways, car parks and
around schools.
These use a six-point inbuilt harness and can be
either a rearward facing capsule or a convertible
child restraint. Convertible child restraints can
be used rearward facing until approximately 12
months, and then turned around to face forward in
the child seat position.
• Forward Facing Child Seat
For children from at least 6 months to at least 4
The child seat faces forward and has an inbuilt
six-point harness. It is held in place with a
vehicle’s existing adult lap/sash seat belt and the
tether strap from the restraint. It is designed to
provide the best available passenger protection
for that age.
Always ensure that the child seat is fitted firmly to
the vehicle and that the harness is fitted snugly on
the child. The child must always have both arms
within the harness.
A child seat should be used until your child no
longer fits. This is when the child’s shoulders are
too broad to fit in the seat or when the child’s eyes
are above the top of the restraint.
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