Only move your child to a booster seat when they are too big for their current forward facing child seat. This should not be before they are 4 years old and may be when they are older than 4 years. • Booster Seat For children from at least 4 years, until they fit correctly into an adult seat belt (at around 145cm tall). A rigid booster seat with a back and side wings is recommended for children when they outgrow their forward facing child seat. A booster seat lifts a child so that an adult lap/sash belt fits correctly, providing optimum protection. Booster seats are designed to be used with an adult lap/sash seat belt. Never use a booster seat with a lap only belt. A booster seat with a seat belt locator can help keep the shoulder strap of the of the adult seat belt in place. A crotch clip (known as an anti-submarining device) can help keep the adult lap belt in place. Children should be secured in a booster seat until a good adult seat belt fit can be achieved. This is usually when they are about 145cm tall and the adult seat belt fits low across the hip bones and the shoulder strap passes on the middle part of the shoulder, not across their neck. The lap belt should not ride up over the soft abdomen. When using an adult seat belt either alone or with a booster seat, make sure that the shoulder strap is not placed under the child’s arm or behind their back. REMEMBER • Children need a safe place to play and should always be actively supervised. • Always supervise children whenever a vehicle is being moved. • Always take children with you – leaving children alone in the car is illegal and dangerous. • When riding wheeled toys or bicycles, children should always wear an approved helmet. • Hold hands with children in and around traffic, at least until 10 years old. • Set a good example – children are always watching. • Always use the correct restraint for your child’s size and age. • If possible, place children in the back seat of the car. Supported by The Motor Accident Authority The Roads and Traffic Authority NRMA Motoring + Services Contact us for more information: Kidsafe New South Wales Inc Kidsafe House, Hainsworth Street Westmead NSW 2145 Phone 02 9845 0890 Fax 02 9845 0895 Email [email protected] Website kidsafensw.org Kidsafe Hunter Shop 5, Pacific Hwy Arcade, Hilltop Plaza Charlestown NSW 2290 Phone 02 4942 4488 Fax 02 4942 4499 Email [email protected] Website kidsafehunter.com April 2010 Keeping Kids Safe on & around the Road SAFE PLAY Children need a safe place to play, such as a backyard, fenced park or recreational area. They should always be actively supervised by an adult. DRIVEWAY SAFETY A young child’s skull is soft and can easily be injured from a collision or fall. Whenever children are riding wheeled toys or bicycles, it is important that they are wearing a correctly fitted and Australian Standard approved helmet. This is an adult’s responsibility. PASSENGER SAFETY Whenever children are in a car they should be buckled-up in child restraints that are correct for each child’s size and age. The law requires that all children must be restrained when travelling in a car. Using a restraint that fits your child correctly, significantly reduces their risk of injury in a car crash. Small children can move surprisingly quickly and can be impossible to see from inside a car, especially if they are immediately behind it. Young children who wear helmets from the moment they start riding their first wheeled toy are more likely to continue wearing a helmet as they grow older. Always supervise children whenever a vehicle is to be moved – hold their hands or hold them close to keep them safe. Children should always use safety equipment such as wrist, knee and elbow guards when skateboarding, rollerblading or riding scooters. Where possible restrain all children in the back seat of the car. Children aged 4 to 7 years can sit in a booster seat in the front seat if they fit the booster seat and all rear seat positions are used by younger children. If you’re the only adult at home and need to move a vehicle, even only a small distance, place children securely in the vehicle with you while you move it. You can increase visibility by using bright or lightly coloured clothing, reflectors, reflective tape and visibility flags. • Rearward Facing Infant Restraints For babies from newborn until at least six months or up to 12 months. A driveway is actually a small road – discourage children from using it as a play area. PEDESTRIAN SAFETY Make access to the driveway from the house difficult for a child by using security doors, fencing or self latching gates. Hold hands with children in and around traffic, until they are at least 10 years old. If your hands are full, make sure children hold onto a shopping trolley, pram, bag, or even your arm or sleeve. PARKED CARS Kids are always watching – they want to be just like adults – so make sure you set a good example. Parked cars can heat up very quickly, even with windows wound down and older children can touch controls and may set the vehicle in motion. Always take children with you. Leaving them alone in cars, even for a short period, is illegal and dangerous. KIDS ON WHEELS It is important that children learn to use wheeled toys under adult supervision and in a safe environment. While walking, talk with children about why it is necessary to stop, and what you need to look and listen for. Explain where it is safer to cross and why. Remember that wherever a car may be moving can be dangerous. This includes quiet and busy streets, traffic lights, roundabouts, pedestrian crossings, footpaths, driveways, car parks and around schools. These use a six-point inbuilt harness and can be either a rearward facing capsule or a convertible child restraint. Convertible child restraints can be used rearward facing until approximately 12 months, and then turned around to face forward in the child seat position. • Forward Facing Child Seat For children from at least 6 months to at least 4 years. The child seat faces forward and has an inbuilt six-point harness. It is held in place with a vehicle’s existing adult lap/sash seat belt and the tether strap from the restraint. It is designed to provide the best available passenger protection for that age. Always ensure that the child seat is fitted firmly to the vehicle and that the harness is fitted snugly on the child. The child must always have both arms within the harness. A child seat should be used until your child no longer fits. This is when the child’s shoulders are too broad to fit in the seat or when the child’s eyes are above the top of the restraint.