No part of this publication may be reproduced without

No part of this publication may be reproduced without
03/08/04 10:09:42 31MCV640_001
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and should remain
with the motorcycle when it is resold.
This Owner’s Manual covers the VTX1800R, S and N models. You may find descriptions
of equipment and features that are not on your particular model.
All illustrations are based on the VTX1800N model.
This publication includes the latest production information available before printing. Honda
Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time without notice and without
incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
2003 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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2004
Honda VTX1800R/S/N
VTX
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Introduction
Congratulations on choosing your Honda
motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a
worldwide family of satisfied customers
− people who appreciate Honda’s
reputation for building quality into every
product.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted
with your motorcycle and how it works.
To protect your investment, we urge you
to take responsibility for keeping your
motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled
service is a must, of course. But it’s just as
important to observe the break-in
guidelines, and perform all pre-ride and
other periodic checks detailed in this
manual.
Introduction
We also recommend that you read this
owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information,
and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of
topics at the beginning of each section,
and both an in-depth table of contents and
an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find
information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is
intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
03/08/04 10:09:58 31MCV640_004
Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 197 )
thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda
and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever
need special service or repairs, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is dedicated to your
complete satisfaction.
You may also want to visit our website at
www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or
emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth
defects or other reproductive harm.
Please report any change of address or
ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning
important production information.
Introduction
03/08/04 10:10:03 31MCV640_005
A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this motorcycle safely
is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating procedures
and other information on labels and in this manual. This information alerts you to potential
hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated with
operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
These signal words mean:
Safety Messages
and one of three signal words:
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A Few Words About Safety
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you
don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT if you don’t
follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it carefully.
Safety Messages
03/08/04 10:10:19 31MCV640_007
Contents
These pages give an overview of the
contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics
covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety ............................... 1
Important safety information you
should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
Instruments & Controls ..................... 11
The location and function of indicators
and controls on your motorcycle and
operating instructions for various
controls and features.
Contents
Before Riding ...................................... 25
The importance of wearing a helmet
and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready
to ride, and important information about
loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ................. 35
How to start and stop the engine, shift
gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information
about riding with a passenger or cargo.
03/08/04 10:10:31 31MCV640_008
Contents
Servicing Your Honda ....................... 51
Why your motorcycle needs regular
maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner
maintenance schedule, and instructions
for specific maintenance and
adjustment items.
Tips ....................................................... 135
How to store and transport your
motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally-responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ........ 141
What to do if you have a flat tire, your
engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ....................... 171
ID numbers, technical specifications,
and other technical facts.
Consumer Information ...................... 193
Information on warranties, emission
controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ......... 202
Table of Contents ............................... 204
Sequential listing of topics in this
owner’s manual.
Index..................................................... 208
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire
sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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03/08/04 10:10:37 31MCV640_010
Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most
important information and
recommendations to help you ride your
motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section
also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your
motorcycle.
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
Motorcycle Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years
of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and
understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect
yourself when you ride. You’ll find many
helpful recommendations throughout this
manual. The following are a few that we
consider most important.
2
Motorcycle Safety
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly
reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also
recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective
gear (page 26 ).
03/08/04 10:10:48 31MCV640_012
Important Safety Information
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Because many accidents involve
inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge
all riders to take a certified course
approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). See page 28 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision
happens when a car turns left in front of a
motorcycle. Another common situation is
a car moving suddenly into your lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles
around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop
quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and
Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your
new motorcycle (USA only).
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles
because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright
reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before
turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Motorcycle Safety
3
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Important Safety Information
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of
motorcycle accidents. Never ride beyond
your personal abilities or faster than
conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can
significantly reduce your ability to make
good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one
drink can reduce your ability to respond to
changing conditions, and your reaction
time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t
let your friends drink and ride either.
4
Motorcycle Safety
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle
properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect
your motorcycle before every ride and
perform all recommended maintenance.
Never exceed load limits (page 33 ), and
do not modify your motorcycle (page 6 )
or install accessories that would make
your motorcycle unsafe (page 5 ).
03/08/04 10:11:00 31MCV640_014
Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using nonHonda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider
making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following
information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash in
which you can be seriously hurt or
killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only
genuine Honda accessories that have been
specifically designed and tested for your
motorcycle. Because Honda cannot test all
other accessories, you must be personally
responsible for proper selection,
installation, and use of non-Honda
accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for
assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not
obscure any lights, reduce ground
clearance and lean angle, limit
suspension travel or steering travel, alter
your riding position, or interfere with
operating any controls.
Motorcycle Safety
5
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Accessories & Modifications
Do not install any fairing or windshield
unless it was designed and tested by
Honda for your motorcycle. Some
fairings or windshields, even smaller
ones, can cause unstable handling of
your motorcycle. This is especially true
if the fairing or windshield is poorly
designed or improperly mounted.
Do not add any electrical equipment
that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 179 ).
A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 164 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your
motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and
their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
6
Motorcycle Safety
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any
original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change
its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s
handling, stability, and braking, making it
unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights,
exhaust system, emission control system,
or other equipment can also make your
motorcycle illegal.
03/08/04 10:11:17 31MCV640_016
Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could cause
serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these labels carefully and
don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a replacement.
Motorcycle Safety
7
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Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
〈For Canada〉
8
Motorcycle Safety
VTX1800R
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Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
VTX1800S
〈For Canada〉
Motorcycle Safety
9
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Safety Labels
〈For USA〉
〈For Canada〉
10
Motorcycle Safety
VTX1800N
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all
gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your
motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described
in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections
of this manual where they will be most
useful.
Component Locations ............................ 12
Indicators ................................................ 15
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 20
Start Button ......................................... 21
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 21
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 22
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 22
Horn Button ........................................ 23
Odometer/Tripmeter A&B Select and
Reset Button ....................................... 23
Instruments & Controls
11
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Component Locations
speedometer
indicators
front brake fluid reservoir
clutch fluid reservoir
engine stop
switch
rearview
mirror
rearview
mirror
front brake
lever
clutch
lever
headlight
dimmer switch
throttle grip
turn signal switch
horn button
12
Instruments & Controls
fuel fill cap
start button
03/08/04 10:12:10 31MCV640_022
Component Locations
battery
rear spring pre-load
adjuster
passenger footpeg
air cleaner
rear brake fluid
reservoir
steering lock
fuse box
floor board
rear brake pedal
Instruments & Controls
13
03/08/04 10:12:15 31MCV640_023
Component Locations
owner’s manual storage
tool kit compartment
coolant reserve
tank cap
helmet holder
main fuse
ignition switch
rear spring pre-load
adjuster
final drive gear
oil filler cap
shift lever
floor board
side stand
14
Instruments & Controls
oil filler
cap/dipstick passenger footpeg
03/08/04 10:12:22 31MCV640_024
Indicators
The indicators on your motorcycle keep
you informed, alert you to possible
problems, and make your riding safer and
more enjoyable. Refer to the indicators
frequently. Their functions are described
on the following pages.
(11)
(1)
(2)
(3)
(10)
(1) speedometer
(2) odometer/tripmeter A&B display
(3) fuel reserve indicator
(4) right turn signal indicator
(5) low oil pressure indicator
(6) high beam indicator
(7) neutral indicator
(8) coolant temperature indicator
(9) left turn signal indicator
(10) PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
(11) odometer/tripmeter A&B select and
reset button
USA: Odometer & tripmeter read in miles.
Canada: Odometer & tripmeter read in
kilometers.
(9)
(8) (7) (6) (5)
(4)
Instruments & Controls
15
03/08/04 10:12:29 31MCV640_025
Indicators
Lamp Check
The low oil pressure indicator comes on
when you turn the ignition switch ON so
you can check that it is working. The
indicator remains on until after the engine
is started.
The PGM-FI indicator lights for a few
seconds and then goes off when you turn
the ignition switch ON.
When applicable, the high beam and
neutral indicators come on when you turn
the ignition switch ON and remain on until
you select the low beam or shift out of
neutral.
16
Instruments & Controls
These indicators are identified in the table
on pages 18 − 19 with the words: Lamp
Check.
If one of these indicators does not come
on when it should, have your Honda dealer
check for burned-out bulbs or other
problems.
03/08/04 10:12:42 31MCV640_026
Indicators
1
speedometer
Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) per hour.
2
odometer/tripmeter A & B
display
odometer:
tripmeter
A&B:
3
fuel reserve indicator
(amber)
4
right turn signal
indicator (amber)
Shows the total miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada)
ridden (page 23 ).
Shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometers
(Canada) ridden since you last reset the meter. The
tripmeter has two sub modes, ‘‘A’’ and ‘‘B’’. To
zero (0) the tripmeter, press the select and reset
button (page 23 ).
When this indicator comes on while riding, fuel
reserved in the tank is about:
1.06 US gal (4.0 )
Flashes when the right turn signal operates.
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
17
03/08/04 10:12:53 31MCV640_027
Indicators
5
low oil pressure
indicator (red)
6
high beam indicator
(blue)
neutral indicator (green)
coolant temperature
indicator (red)
7
8
9
left turn signal indicator
(amber)
18
Instruments & Controls
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to
cause engine damage. If the indicator lights, pull
safely to the side of the road. See page 163 for
instructions and cautions. Lamp Check.
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
Lights when the coolant is over the specified
temperature. If the indicator comes on, pull safely to
the side of the road. See page 161 for instructions
and cautions.
Flashes when the left turn signal operates.
03/08/04 10:13:00 31MCV640_028
Indicators
10
PGM-FI malfunction
indicator lamp (MIL)
(red)
11
odometer/tripmeter A&B
select and reset button
Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI
(Programmed Fuel Injection) system. Should also
light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop
switch is at RUN. If the indicator comes on at any
other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible. Lamp Check.
Resets the tripmeter or selects the operation mode:
tripmeter or odometer (page 23 ).
Instruments & Controls
19
03/08/04 10:13:10 31MCV640_029
Controls & Features
LEFT SIDE
Ignition Switch
(1)
The ignition switch is used for starting and
stopping the engine (page 37 ). The
ignition key is also used to lock the
steering for theft prevention (page 46 ).
Insert the key and turn it to the right for
the ON position.
Key Position
ON
OFF
20
Function
Electrical circuits on.
No electrical
circuits function.
Instruments & Controls
(1) ignition switch
If a key ring is used, we recommend a
fabric or leather type with just the key
attached. The use of a metal key ring or
the attachment of additional keys to any
type of key ring may damage the finish of
the side cover and engine cover while
inserting the key or riding.
03/08/04 10:13:18 31MCV640_030
Controls & Features
Start Button
Engine Stop Switch
The start button ( 1 ) is used for starting the
engine. Pushing the button in starts the
engine. See Starting Procedure, page 38 .
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
When the start button is pushed, the starter
motor will crank the engine; the headlight
will automatically go out, but the taillight
will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the
engine stop switch is in the OFF position
when the start button is pushed.
(2)
(1)
(1) start button
(2) engine stop switch
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch ( 2 ) is used to stop
the engine in an emergency. To operate,
push the switch to the OFF position. The
switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
Instruments & Controls
21
03/08/04 10:13:26 31MCV640_031
Controls & Features
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch ( 1 ) is used
to change between the high and low beams
of the headlight. To operate, turn the
switch to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch ( 2 ) is used to signal
a turn or a lane change. To operate, move
the switch all the way in the proper
direction and release it. The appropriate
turn signal lights will start blinking. To
cancel the light, push the switch in.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
(1)
(2)
(3)
(1) headlight dimmer switch
(2) turn signal switch
(3) horn button
22
Instruments & Controls
HI
LO
03/08/04 10:13:33 31MCV640_032
Controls & Features
To select a mode, push the button ( 2 ).
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists.
To operate, push the horn button ( 3 ).
Odometer/Tripmeter A&B
Select and Reset Button
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the
button with the display in the tripmeter
mode.
(2)
(1)
The display ( 1 ) has two functions,
odometer and tripmeter.
The tripmeter has two sub modes, A ( 4 )
and B ( 5 ).
(1) odometer/tripmeter A&B display
(2) odometer/tripmeter A&B
select and reset button
(cont’d)
Instruments & Controls
23
03/08/04 10:13:41 31MCV640_033
Controls & Features
(3)
(4)
(5)
(2)
(6)
(3) odometer
(4) tripmeter A
(5) tripmeter B
(6) tripmeter A&B reset
24
Instruments & Controls
03/08/04 10:13:47 31MCV640_034
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure
you and your Honda are both ready to ride.
To help get you prepared, this section
discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on
your motorcycle, and adjustments to make
for your comfort, convenience, or safety.
This section also includes important
information about loading.
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 26
Protective Apparel .............................. 26
Rider Training .................................... 28
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .... 29
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 29
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 32
Loading ............................................... 32
Load Limits ........................................ 33
Loading Guidelines ............................ 34
For information about adjusting the
suspension on your Honda, see page 107 .
Before Riding
25
03/08/04 10:13:57 31MCV640_035
Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the
first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety
messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
If you must carry an extra helmet while
riding, use a commercially-available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the
helmet to the seat.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical
and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved
motorcycle helmet (with chin strap
tightened securely), eye protection, and
other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in
your system.
For your safety, we strongly recommend
that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots,
gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not
possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you
choose the proper gear.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride,
too, and is wearing proper gear including a
helmet.
26
Before Riding
Protective Apparel
03/08/04 10:14:07 31MCV640_036
Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece
of riding gear because it offers the best
protection against head injuries. A helmet
should fit your head comfortably and
securely. A bright-colored helmet and
reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some
protection, but a full-face helmet offers
more. Regardless of the style, look for a
DOT (Department of Transportation)
sticker in any helmet you buy (USA only).
Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your passenger
always wear a helmet, eye
protection, and other protective
apparel when you ride.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection,
we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help
protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your
hands.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
27
03/08/04 10:14:14 31MCV640_037
Are You Ready to Ride?
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for
comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing
can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could
get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an ongoing process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become
familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the
motorcycle in a safe area to build your
skills. Do not ride in traffic until you get
accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls,
and feel comfortable with its size and
weight.
28
Before Riding
We urge all riders to take a certified
course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should
start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced
course beneficial. For information about
the MSF training course nearest you, call
the national toll-free number: (800) 4469227.
Other riding tips can be found in the
Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
03/08/04 10:14:23 31MCV640_038
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect
your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride
inspection is a must, not only for safety,
but because having a breakdown, or even
a flat tire, can be a major inconvenience.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get
on the motorcycle:
Tires
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
Cast Wheels: Look at the tires.
If a tire appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for signs of
damage or excessive wear (page
115 ).
Spoke Wheels: Look at the tires.
If a tire appears low, use an air
pressure gauge to check its
pressure. Also look for signs of
excessive wear (page 115 ) or
damage to the tires, rims, or
spokes.
(cont’d)
Before Riding
29
03/08/04 10:14:33 31MCV640_039
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Lights
30
Walk around your motorcycle
and look for anything that
appears unusual, such as a leak
or loose cable.
Make sure the headlight, brake
light, taillight, and turn signals
are working properly.
Before Riding
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo,
also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not
exceed the load limits
(page 33 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is
secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the rear suspension
(page 107 ) according to
your load.
03/08/04 10:14:43 31MCV640_040
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Check these items after you get on the
motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check
it moves smoothly without
binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever
and press on the brake
pedal to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in
over a week, you should also check other
items, such as the oil level and other fluids.
See Periodic Maintenance (page 58 ).
Periodic maintenance should also be done
at least once a month, no matter how often
you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any
problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
Turn the ignition on and
check for normal operation
of the indicators (page 15 ).
Before Riding
31
03/08/04 10:14:50 31MCV640_041
Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to
carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some
difference during acceleration and braking.
But so long as you keep your motorcycle
well-maintained, with good tires and
brakes, you can safely carry loads within
the given limits and guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or
carrying an unbalanced load can seriously
impair your motorcycle’s handling,
braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and
poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
32
Before Riding
Loading
How much weight you put on your
motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you
ride with a passenger or cargo, you should
be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this manual.
03/08/04 10:14:59 31MCV640_042
Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
The weight of added accessories will
reduce the maximum cargo weight you
can carry.
Following are the load limits for your
motorcycle:
maximum weight capacity:
412 lbs (187 kg) …VTX1800R/S
395 lbs (179 kg) …VTX1800N
421 lbs (191 kg) (Canada only)
…VTX1800R/S
403 lbs (183 kg) (Canada only)
…VTX1800N
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
maximum cargo weight:
40 lbs (18 kg)
Before Riding
33
03/08/04 10:15:10 31MCV640_043
Load Limits & Guidelines
Loading Guidelines
Your motorcycle is primarily intended for
transporting you and a passenger. You
may wish to secure a jacket or other small
items to the seat when you are not riding
with a passenger.
If you wish to carry more cargo, check
with your Honda dealer for advice, and be
sure to read the information regarding
accessories on page 5 .
Improperly loading your motorcycle can
affect its stability and handling. Even if
your motorcycle is properly loaded, you
should ride at reduced speeds and never
exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying
cargo.
34
Before Riding
Follow these guidelines whenever you
carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly
inflated, and that pressure in the rear
tire is increased to suit the load (page
114 ).
If you change your normal load, you
may need to adjust the rear suspension
(page 107 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a
hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to
the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both
sides.
Do not attach large or heavy items (such
as a sleeping bag or tent) to the
handlebar, forks, or fender.
03/08/04 10:15:16 31MCV640_044
Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions,
including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch,
and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or
cargo.
To protect your new engine and enjoy
optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 182 ).
To protect the catalytic converter in your
motorcycle’s exhaust system, avoid
extended idling and the use of leaded
gasoline.
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 36
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 37
Preparation .......................................... 37
Starting Procedure .............................. 38
Flooded Engine................................... 39
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-Off System .................................. 39
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 40
Shifting Gears ......................................... 41
Braking ................................................... 43
Parking .................................................... 45
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 49
Basic Operation & Riding
35
03/08/04 10:15:20 31MCV640_045
Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first
time, please review the Motorcycle Saf ety
section beginning on page 1, and the
Bef ore Riding section beginning on page
25 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles,
take time to become familiar with how
this motorcycle works and handles.
Practice in a safe area until you build your
skills and get accustomed to the
motorcycle’s size and weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in contact
with the exhaust system when riding,
idling, or parking your motorcycle.
36
Basic Operation & Riding
03/08/04 10:15:30 31MCV640_046
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting
procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating
the engine in an enclosed area such as a
garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust
contains poisonous carbon monoxide gas
which can collect rapidly in an enclosed
area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the
transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side
stand ignition cut-off system. If the side
stand is down––the engine cannot be
started unless the transmission is in neutral.
If the side stand is up––the engine can be
started in neutral, or in gear with the
clutch lever pulled in. After starting with
the side stand down, the engine will stop if
the transmission is put in gear before
raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the
ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in NEUTRAL
(neutral indicator light ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI indicator is OFF.
Basic Operation & Riding
37
03/08/04 10:15:38 31MCV640_047
Starting & Stopping the Engine
The low oil pressure indicator should go
off a few seconds after the engine starts.
If the indicator stays on, stop the engine
immediately and check the engine oil level.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine
with an automatic fast idle. Follow the
procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
Press the start button with the throttle
completely closed.
The engine will not start if the throttle is
fully open (because the electronic control
module cuts off the fuel supply).
Snapping the throttle or fast idling for
more than about 5 minutes at normal air
temperature may cause exhaust pipe
discoloration.
38
Basic Operation & Riding
03/08/04 10:15:50 31MCV640_048
Starting & Stopping the Engine
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated
attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to
RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, then open the
throttle slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10
seconds, then follow steps 1− 4 again.
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-off System
Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle)
sensor system is designed to automatically
stop the engine and fuel pump if the
motorcycle is overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must
turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine
will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If
Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start, page
143 .
Basic Operation & Riding
39
03/08/04 10:15:57 31MCV640_049
Starting & Stopping the Engine
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and
turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally
remain in the RUN position even when the
engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the
engine stop switch OFF and the ignition
switch ON, the headlight and taillight
will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
40
Basic Operation & Riding
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use
the engine stop switch. To operate, press
the switch to the OFF position.
03/08/04 10:16:06 31MCV640_050
Shifting Gears
shifting pattern
Your motorcycle has five forward gears in
a one-down, four-up shift pattern which is
coordinated with a hydraulically actuated
clutch system.
To shift down, press the shift lever with
your toe. To shift up, lift the shift lever
with your toe. With the heel-and-toe
shifter, you can also shift to a higher gear
by pressing the shift lever down with your
heel.
Learning when to shift gears comes with
experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
As a general rule, shift while moving in
a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch
lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the
engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement
point as you release the clutch lever. It
is at this point the transmission of
power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce
throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets
too high. Learn the relationship between
engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you
feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
Basic Operation & Riding
41
03/08/04 10:16:17 31MCV640_051
Shifting Gears
Avoid downshifting to help slow your
motorcycle when engine rpm is high.
Downshifting when engine speed is
near its allowable maximum may overrev the engine and cause possible
damage.
To prevent transmission damage, do not
coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the
engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and
effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions,
use these recommended shift points:
42
Basic Operation & Riding
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to 5th:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From 5th to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops
below 9 mph (15 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine
stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
03/08/04 10:16:23 31MCV640_052
Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with a new
linked braking system. Operating the front
brake lever applies the front brake.
Operating the rear brake pedal applies the
rear brake and a portion of the front brake.
For full braking effectiveness, use both
the lever and pedal simultaneously, as you
would with a conventional motorcycle
braking system.
As with a conventional motorcycle
braking system, excessively hard
application of the brake controls may
cause wheel lock, reducing control of the
motorcycle.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and
brake pedal smoothly, while downshifting
to match your speed.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the
brakes slowing your speed. The increase
in engine compression from downshifting
will help slow your motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the
clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left
foot down first, then your right foot when
you are through using the brake pedal.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause
the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens,
release the brake controls, steer straight
ahead until you regain control, then
reapply the brakes more gently.
Basic Operation & Riding
43
03/08/04 10:16:29 31MCV640_053
Braking
When possible, reduce your speed or
complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle
quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and
reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake
hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest
attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course
(page 28 ) to retain these skills.
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or
on loose surfaces, the ability to maneuver
and stop will be reduced. All of your
actions should be smooth under these
conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or
turning may cause loss of control. For
44
Basic Operation & Riding
your safety, exercise extreme caution
when braking, accelerating or turning.
When descending a long, steep grade,
use engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of
both brakes. Continuous brake
application can overheat the brakes and
reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the
brake pedal or your hand on the brake
lever may actuate the brakelight, giving
a false indication to other drivers. It
may also overheat the brakes, reducing
effectiveness.
03/08/04 10:16:38 31MCV640_054
Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you
can’t park on a paved surface, make
sure the ground surface is firm,
especially under the side stand.
If you must park on a hill, leave the
transmission in gear and position the
rear tire against the curb at a 45 degree
angle.
Make sure flammable materials such as
dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when
parking your motorcycle. Refer to
Catalytic Converters, page 189 .
2. Use the side stand to support the
motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot
to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the
transmission in gear will stop the
engine, even if the clutch lever is
pulled in. That is a function of the
side stand ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all
the way so that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 37 ) is activated.
If you have to park on a soft surface,
insert something solid under the side
stand for support.
Basic Operation & Riding
45
03/08/04 10:16:48 31MCV640_055
Parking
3. Use the steering lock ( 1 ), which locks
the handlebar in place. Turn the
handlebar all the way to the left. Insert
the ignition key ( 2 ) in the lock and turn
it 180 degrees clockwise. Remove the
key.
RIGHT FRONT
4. Use the helmet holder ( 3 ) to secure
your helmet with your motorcycle:
Insert the ignition key ( 2 ) and turn it
counterclockwise to unlock the
holder.
Hang your helmet on the holder pin
( 4 ).
Push in on the holder pin. Remove
the key.
LEFT REAR
(3)
(4)
(2)
(1)
(2)
(1) steering lock
46
(2) ignition key
Basic Operation & Riding
(2) ignition key
(3) helmet holder
(4) holder pin
03/08/04 10:16:52 31MCV640_056
Parking
Riding with a helmet attached to
the holder can interfere with the
rear wheel or suspension and
could cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Use the helmet holder only while
parked. Do not ride with a helmet
secured by the holder.
Basic Operation & Riding
47
03/08/04 10:17:01 31MCV640_057
Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked
garage whenever possible. If a garage
isn’t available, park in a concealed area
or in a well-lit area with enough
pedestrian traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 46 ),
even if you’re parking for just a minute
or two. A thief can easily push an
unlocked motorcycle to a waiting truck.
In addition to the steering lock, use a
good quality anti-theft device made
specifically to lock a motorcycle to a
secure object.
48
Basic Operation & Riding
If you decide to use an anti-theft device,
select one of good quality and be sure to
follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current
registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it
easier for the authorities to find you if
your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
03/08/04 10:17:08 31MCV640_058
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is designed to carry you
and one passenger. Whenever you add a
passenger or cargo, you must be careful
not to exceed the total load limits for this
vehicle (Load Limits, page 33 ). Make
sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 34 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension
(page 106 ) for the extra load.
Before riding with a passenger, make sure
your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 26 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the seat strap
or your waist, lean with you in the turns,
and keep their feet on the passenger
footpegs at all times, even when the
motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or
heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
Basic Operation & Riding
49
03/08/04 10:17:11 31MCV640_059
50
Basic Operation & Riding
03/08/04 10:17:19 31MCV640_060
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good
shape, this section includes a Maintenance
Schedule for required service, a list of
periodic checks you should perform at
least once a month, and step-by-step
instructions for specific maintenance tasks.
You’ll also find important safety
precautions, information on fuels and oils,
and tips for keeping your Honda looking
great.
For information about the exhaust
emission and noise emission requirements
of the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 183 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any
motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are
‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 54
Maintenance Safety ................................ 55
Important Safety Precautions ............. 56
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 58
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 60
Maintenance Record............................... 65
For information about replacing fuses, see
page 164 .
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
51
03/08/04 10:17:30 31MCV640_061
Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Component Locations ............................ 67
Tool Kit ................................................... 70
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 71
Storage Compartment ............................. 72
Seat Removal .......................................... 73
Side Cover Removal............................... 74
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 76
Engine Oil & Filter ................................. 79
Coolant .................................................... 88
Air Cleaner ............................................. 92
Crankcase Breather................................. 94
Final Drive Oil ........................................ 95
52
Servicing Your Honda
Engine
Throttle ................................................... 97
Clutch System ......................................... 99
Engine Idle Speed................................. 101
Spark Plugs ........................................... 103
Chassis
Suspension ............................................ 106
Brakes ................................................... 109
Tires ...................................................... 113
Side Stand ............................................. 122
Electrical
Battery................................................... 123
Appearance Care .................................. 128
03/08/04 10:17:45 31MCV640_062
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the scheduled
maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure safe and dependable
performance. The periodic checks provide additional confidence in your motorcycle’s
performance.
Type of Inspection/Service Refer to page:
Pre-ride Inspection
29
Periodic Maintenance
58
Maintenance Schedule
60
*
**
When Performed
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
Who Performs
you
you
your Honda dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your motorcycle
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically qualified
Servicing Your Honda
53
03/08/04 10:17:51 31MCV640_063
The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is absolutely essential to your safety. It’s
also a good way to protect your
investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A
properly maintained motorcycle will also
help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the
owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform
the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection and
maintenance recommendations
and schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is
involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you
are able to make some repairs.
54
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:17:56 31MCV640_064
Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how
to perform some important maintenance
tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills,
you can perform many of these tasks with
the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and
require special tools are best performed by
professionals. Wheel removal should
normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic.
Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety
precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that
can arise in performing maintenance. Only
you can decide whether or not you should
perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures and
precautions in this owner’s
manual.
Servicing Your Honda
55
03/08/04 10:18:04 31MCV640_065
Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you
begin any maintenance or repairs. This
will help eliminate several potential
hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from
engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you
operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let
the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run
the engine unless instructed to do so.
56
Servicing Your Honda
Read the instructions before you begin,
and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from
falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a
maintenance stand to provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or
explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only
non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to
clean parts. Keep cigarettes, sparks, and
flames away from all fuel-related parts.
03/08/04 10:18:08 31MCV640_066
Maintenance Safety
Remember that your Honda dealer knows
your motorcycle best and is fully equipped
to maintain and repair it. To ensure the
best quality and reliability, use only new
genuine Honda parts or their equivalents
for repair and replacement. If you have the
tools and skills required for additional
maintenance jobs, you can purchase an
official Honda Service Manual (page
194 ).
Servicing Your Honda
57
03/08/04 10:18:12 31MCV640_067
Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled
maintenance (page 60 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 29 ), consider performing
the periodic checks on the following page
at least once a month, even if you haven’t
ridden your motorcycle, or as often as
once a week if you ride frequently or for
long distances. It’s a good idea to perform
this maintenance any time you clean your
motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform
any scheduled maintenance checks that are
needed (page 60 ). Remember, more
frequent checks may be needed for riding
in severe conditions.
58
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:18:22 31MCV640_068
Periodic Maintenance
Tires
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed (page 115 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 116 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other types of
damage (page 116 ). Roll your motorcycle so you can inspect the
entire surface.
Cast Wheels: Check the condition of the rims.
Spoke Wheels: Check the condition of the rims and spokes.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page 83 ), coolant (page 90 ),
brake fluid (page 110 ), and final drive oil (page 95 ). Add the
correct fluid as necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid
level.
Make sure the headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Check the freeplay of the clutch lever (page 99 ) and throttle grip
(page 97 ).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
Servicing Your Honda
59
03/08/04 10:18:28 31MCV640_069
Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that
follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what
things need attention. It is essential to have
your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to
maintain safe, dependable performance
and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance
Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more
frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle.
Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your
individual needs and use.
60
Servicing Your Honda
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule
can be performed with basic mechanical
skills and hand tools. Procedures for these
items are provided in this manual. Other
items involve more extensive procedures
and may require special training, tools,
and equipment. We recommend that you
have your Honda dealer perform these
tasks unless you have advanced
mechanical skills and the required tools
and equipment. Procedures for such items
in this schedule are provided in an official
Honda Service Manual available for
purchase (page 194 ).
03/08/04 10:18:35 31MCV640_070
Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a
given task or need assistance, remember
that your Honda dealer knows your
motorcycle best and is fully equipped to
maintain and repair it. If you decide to do
your own maintenance, use only genuine
Honda parts or their equivalents for repair
or replacement to ensure the best quality
and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 29 )
and owner maintenance (page 60 ) at each
scheduled maintenance period.
Each item on the maintenance schedule
requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked
*
and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your
Honda dealer.
*
Should be serviced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 194 ).
**
In the interest of safety, we recommend
these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
Servicing Your Honda
61
03/08/04 10:18:45 31MCV640_071
Maintenance Schedule
Summary of Maintenance Schedule Notes
& Procedures:
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at
the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or
dusty areas.
3. Service more frequently if the
motorcycle is ridden often at full
throttle or in the rain.
4. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated
odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical
skill. Refer to the official Honda
service manual.
5. California type only.
6. VTX1800S (spoke wheels only)
62
Servicing Your Honda
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
03/08/04 10:18:57 31MCV640_072
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
FUEL LINE
THROTTLE OPERATION
AIR CLEANER
CRANKCASE BREATHER
SPARK PLUGS
VALVE CLEARANCE
ENGINE OIL
ENGINE OIL FILTER
ENGINE IDLE SPEED
RADIATOR COOLANT
COOLING SYSTEM
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
CONTROL SYSTEM
2
3
4
5
0.6
1.0
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
24
20
16
12
8
4
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
R
C
C
C
C
C
C
R
R
R
I
I
I
R
R
R
R
R
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Refer to
page
−
−
92
94
103
−
79
84
101
88
−
−
I
−
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).
Servicing Your Honda
63
03/08/04 10:19:09 31MCV640_073
Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
*
**
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
BRAKE PAD WEAR
BRAKE SYSTEM
BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
*
HEADLIGHT AIM
*
CLUTCH SYSTEM
CLUTCH FLUID
SIDE STAND
SUSPENSION
*
NUTS, BOLTS, FASTENERS
*
** WHEELS/TIRES
** WHEELS/TIRES
** STEERING HEAD
BEARINGS
4
4
6
0.6
1.0
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
20
24
12
16
4
8
6.4 12.8 19.2 25.6 32.0 38.4
R
I
I
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
R
I
I
R
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools and service data and are
mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda Service Manual (page 194 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your Honda dealer.
64
Servicing Your Honda
Refer to
page
95
109
112
109
−
−
99
99
122
−
−
−
−
03/08/04 10:19:17 31MCV640_074
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle is properly
maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was performed. If the
motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with the motorcycle to the new owner.
Make sure whoever performs the maintenance completes this record. All scheduled
maintenance is considered a normal owner operating cost and will be charged for by your
dealer. Use the space under Notes to record anything you want to remind yourself about or
mention to your dealer.
Miles (km)
600 (1,000)
4,000 (6,400)
8,000 (12,800)
12,000 (19,200)
16,000 (25,600)
20,000 (32,000)
Odometer
Date
Performed By:
Notes
Servicing Your Honda
65
03/08/04 10:19:23 31MCV640_075
Maintenance Record
Miles (km)
24,000 (38,400)
28,000 (44,800)
32,000 (51,200)
36,000 (57,600)
40,000 (64,000)
44,000 (70,400)
48,000 (76,800)
52,000 (83,200)
56,000 (89,600)
60,000 (96,000)
64,000 (102,400)
68,000 (108,800)
66
Odometer
Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
03/08/04 10:19:28 31MCV640_076
Component Locations
clutch fluid reservoir
front brake fluid reservoir
throttle grip
clutch lever
fuel fill cap
front brake lever
Servicing Your Honda
67
03/08/04 10:19:33 31MCV640_077
Component Locations
spark plugs
rear spring
pre-load
adjuster
battery
fuse box
air cleaner
rear brake
caliper
rear brake pedal
rear brake fluid reservoir
68
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:19:38 31MCV640_078
Component Locations
coolant reserve tank cap
owner’s manual storage
tool kit compartment
main fuse
engine idle speed
rear spring
pre-load
adjuster
seat
front brake caliper
side stand
side cover
oil filler
cap/dipstick
final drive oil
filler cap
Servicing Your Honda
69
03/08/04 10:19:50 31MCV640_079
Tool Kit
The tool kit is stored in the tool kit
compartment behind the left side cover
(page 74 ). Some roadside repairs, minor
adjustments, and parts replacement can be
performed with the tools contained in the
kit.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(1) tool kit
70
(2) tool kit compartment
Servicing Your Honda
10 × 12 mm open end wrench
14 × 17 mm open end wrench
5 mm hex wrench
spark plug wrench
6 mm hex wrench
standard/phillips screwdriver
screwdriver handle
extension bar
pin spanner
pliers
tool bag
03/08/04 10:19:55 31MCV640_080
Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the
owner’s manual so you’ll have it with you
for easy reference. Store your owner’s
manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag ( 1 ) in the storage
compartment (page 72 ) behind the left
side cover .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
Be careful not to flood this area when
washing your motorcycle.
(2)
(1) owner’s manual storage bag
(2) storage compartment
Servicing Your Honda
71
03/08/04 10:20:00 31MCV640_081
Storage Compartment
LEFT SIDE
The storage compartment (1) is located
behind the left side cover (page 74).
(1)
The tool kit and owner’s manual (and
other documents) should be stored in the
storage compartment.
To open the storage compartment (1),
remove the left side cover (page 74).
Insert the ignition key (2) and turn it 90
degrees counterclockwise. Open the
storage compartment.
(2)
(1) storage compartment
(2) ignition key
72
Servicing Your Honda
To close the storage compartment, close
the compartment lid. Turn the ignition key
90 degrees clockwise and remove it.
Install the left side cover (page 74).
03/08/04 10:20:09 31MCV640_082
Seat Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
The seat must be removed for battery
maintenance.
(2)
(3)
(1)
Removal
1. Remove the bolt A ( 1 ) and bolts B ( 2 ).
2. Pull the seat ( 3 ) back and up.
Installation
1. Insert the seat tab ( 4 ) into the recess
under the frame.
2. Install the bolt A and bolts B.
(4)
(1) bolt A
(2) bolts B
(3) seat
(4) tab
Servicing Your Honda
73
03/08/04 10:20:19 31MCV640_083
Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
The left side cover must be removed to
access the main fuses, tool kit and owner’s
manual.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(2)
(1) left side cover
(2) prongs
74
Servicing Your Honda
Left Side Cover Removal
1. Carefully pull the left side cover ( 1 )
out until the prongs ( 2 ) are clear of the
frame grommets.
2. Remove the left side cover.
Left Side Cover Installation
1. Position the cover so the three prongs
on the inside of the cover are lined up
above their securing slots.
2. Push the cover in place.
03/08/04 10:20:29 31MCV640_084
Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
The right side cover must be removed to
access the circuit fuses.
RIGHT SIDE
Right Side Cover Removal
1. Carefully pull the right side cover ( 1 )
out until the prongs ( 2 ) are clear of the
frame grommets.
2. Remove the right side cover.
Right Side Cover Installation
1. Position the cover so the prongs are
aligned with the frame grommets.
2. Push both prongs in.
(1)
(2)
(1) right side cover
(2) prongs
Servicing Your Honda
75
03/08/04 10:20:39 31MCV640_085
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane
number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel
because it produces fewer engine deposits
and extends the life of exhaust system
components.
The use of leaded gas will damage the
catalytic converter.
Your engine is designed to use any
gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service
stations normally display the pump octane
number. For information on the use of
oxygenated fuels, see page 191 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause
persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’ (a
loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can
lead to engine damage. Light pinging
experienced while operating under a heavy
load, such as climbing a hill, is no cause
for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a
steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or
spark knock persists, consult your Honda
dealer.
76
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:20:49 31MCV640_086
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline
or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid getting
dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Fuel Capacity
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
5.28 US gal (20.0 )
(3)
(1)
The tank should be refilled as soon as
possible when the fuel reserve indicator
comes on.
(2)
(1) ignition key
(2) fuel fill cap
(3) filler neck
1. Insert the ignition key ( 1 ) in the fuel
fill cap ( 2 ) and turn it clockwise.
Servicing Your Honda
77
03/08/04 10:20:56 31MCV640_087
Fuel
2. Open the cap.
3. Add fuel until the level reaches the
bottom of the filler neck ( 3 ). Avoid
overfilling the tank. There should be no
fuel in the filler neck.
Gasoline is highly flammable and
explosive. You can be burned or
seriously injured when handling
fuel.
Stop the engine and keep heat,
sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
78
Servicing Your Honda
4. After refueling, align the latch in the
cap with the slot in the filler neck. Push
the cap into the filler neck until it snaps
and locks.
5. Remove the ignition key from the cap.
03/08/04 10:21:03 31MCV640_088
Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that
affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 80 ) and filter,
and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your
engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and
deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage
your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage
to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the
maintenance schedule on page 63 .
When running in very dusty conditions, oil
changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the
maintenance schedule.
Servicing Your Honda
79
03/08/04 10:21:12 31MCV640_089
Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API
classification
viscosity
(weight)
JASO T 903
standard
80
SG or higher
except oils
labeled as energy
conserving on the
circular API
service label
SAE 10W-40
MA
Servicing Your Honda
suggested oil*
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke
oil (USA & Canada), or Honda
4-stroke oil (Canada only), or an
equivalent motorcycle oil.
*
Suggested oils are equal in performance
to SJ oils that are not labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service
label.
03/08/04 10:21:24 31MCV640_090
Engine Oil & Filter
Your motorcycle does not need oil
additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or
molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils
displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the
container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
Other viscosities shown in the following
chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within
the indicated range.
OK
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or
castor based racing oils.
Servicing Your Honda
81
03/08/04 10:21:30 31MCV640_091
Engine Oil & Filter
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index to
choose engine oils for 4-stroke
motorcycle engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard has the
following classification on the oil
container.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company
of the oil
(2) oil classification
82
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:21:42 31MCV640_092
Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(3)
1. Park your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5
minutes. Make sure the low oil pressure
indicator goes off. If the indicator
remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
3. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
4. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick ( 1 )
and wipe it clean.
5. Hold the motorcycle in an upright
position.
6. Insert the dipstick until it seats, but don’t
screw it in.
(1)
(1) oil filler cap/dipstick
(2) upper level mark
(3) lower level mark
Servicing Your Honda
83
03/08/04 10:21:50 31MCV640_093
Engine Oil & Filter
7. Remove the dipstick and check the oil
level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level
mark ( 2 ) –– you do not have to add
oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower
level mark ( 3 ) –– add the
recommended oil until it reaches the
upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
8. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
9. Check for oil leaks.
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda oil filter or a filter of
equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in
leaks or premature engine damage.
84
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:21:58 31MCV640_094
Engine Oil & Filter
This procedure requires mechanical skill
and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a
means for disposing of the drained fluid
(page 140 ). If you do not have the skills
or the tools, see your Honda dealer.
3. Place a drain pan under the crankcase.
4. To drain the oil, remove the drain bolts
( 1 ) and ( 2 ).
RIGHT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park the motorcycle on its side stand on
a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it
idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to
settle.
(1)
(2)
(1) drain bolt (front)
(2) drain bolt (rear)
Servicing Your Honda
85
03/08/04 10:22:07 31MCV640_095
Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
5. Remove the oil filter ( 3 ) with a filter
wrench and let the remaining oil drain
out. Discard the oil filter in an approved
manner (page 140 ).
RIGHT REAR, UNDER ENGINE
6. Pour the drained oil into a suitable
container and dispose of it in an
approved manner (page 140 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
7. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the
rubber seal ( 4 ) of a new oil filter.
(3)
(3) oil filter
(4)
(4) oil filter rubber seal
86
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:22:20 31MCV640_096
Engine Oil & Filter
8. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by
hand.
9. Using an oil filter wrench attachment
and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
10. Check the condition of the sealing
washer on the drain bolts. Replace the
washers every other time the oil is
changed.
Install the drain bolts and tighten them
to the specified torque:
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
12. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
13. Start the engine and let it idle for a few
minutes.
14. Stop the engine. Wait several minutes.
15. Hold the motorcycle upright and check
that the oil level is at the upper level
mark on the dipstick (page 83 ).
16. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Add Engine Oil:
11. Fill the crankcase with the
recommended oil (page 80 ),
approximately:
3.9 US qt (3.7 )
Servicing Your Honda
87
03/08/04 10:22:28 31MCV640_097
Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system
dissipates engine heat through the coolant
jacket that surrounds the cylinder and
cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the
cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and
corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an
equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for
use in aluminum engines. Check the
antifreeze container label.
88
Servicing Your Honda
Use only distilled water as a part of the
coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to
the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may
cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages.
Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of
antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for
most operating temperatures and provides
good corrosion protection.
03/08/04 10:22:33 31MCV640_098
Coolant
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze
to less than 40% will not provide proper
corrosion protection.
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze
is not recommended because it decreases
cooling system performance. Higher
concentrations of antifreeze (up to 60%)
should only be used to provide additional
protection against freezing. Check the
cooling system frequently during freezing
weather.
Servicing Your Honda
89
03/08/04 10:22:45 31MCV640_099
Coolant
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT SIDE
(5)
(1)
(3)
(2)
(4)
(1) upper level mark
(2) lower level mark
(3) screws
(4) reserve tank cover
(5) reserve tank cap
90
Servicing Your Honda
1. With the engine at normal operating
temperature, check the coolant level in
the reserve tank. It should be between
the UPPER ( 1 ) and LOWER (2 ) level
marks.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if
coolant loss is excessive, check for
leaks and see your Honda dealer for
repair.
2. Remove the screws ( 3 ).
3. Remove the reserve tank cover ( 4 ).
4. Remove the reserve tank cap ( 5 ).
Always add coolant to the reserve tank.
Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
5. Add coolant to the reserve tank as
required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
03/08/04 10:22:52 31MCV640_100
Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda
dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically
qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 194 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and radiator
cool down before removing the
radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant,
refer to You & the Environment, page
140 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is
harmf ul to the environment.
Servicing Your Honda
91
03/08/04 10:22:59 31MCV640_101
Air Cleaner
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Service the air cleaner more frequently if
you ride in unusually wet or dusty areas.
Your Honda dealer can help you
determine the correct service interval for
your riding conditions.
Your motorcycle’s air cleaner has very
specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda air cleaner specified
for your model or an air cleaner of
equivalent quality.
Using the wrong air cleaner may result in
premature engine damage.
92
Servicing Your Honda
Proper air cleaner maintenance can
prevent premature engine wear or damage,
expensive repairs, low engine power, poor
gas mileage, and spark plug fouling.
Improper or lack of proper air cleaner
maintenance can cause poor perf ormance
and premature engine wear.
03/08/04 10:23:07 31MCV640_102
Air Cleaner
RIGHT SIDE
Replacement
1. Remove the five bolts (1) and washers
(2), and remove the air cleaner housing
cover (3).
2. Remove the air cleaner (4).
3. Discard the air cleaner.
Thoroughly clean the inside of the air
cleaner case (5).
4. Install a new air cleaner.
5. Install the removed parts in reverse
order of removal.
(4)
(2)
(1)
(3)
(5)
(1) bolts
(2) washers
(3) air cleaner
housing cover
(2)
(4) air cleaner
(5) air cleaner case
Servicing Your Honda
93
03/08/04 10:23:15 31MCV640_103
Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Draining
Service the crankcase breather more
frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in
the rain or often at full throttle. Service the
breather if you can see deposits in the
transparent section of the drain tube.
RIGHT FRONT
(1)
(1) crankcase breather tube
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase
breather tube ( 1 ).
2. Remove the tube to drain the deposits in
it.
3. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube.
94
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:23:26 31MCV640_104
Final Drive Oil
Oil Recommendation
hypoid gear oil
type
viscosity
(weight)
SAE 80
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT REAR
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler cap ( 1 ).
3. Check the oil level. It should be flush
with the lower edge of the oil filler hole
( 2 ).
4. If the level is low, check for leaks. Add
the recommended oil through the oil
filler hole until it reaches the lower
edge of the opening.
5. Install the oil filler cap.
(2)
(1)
(1) final drive oil filler cap
(2) oil filler hole
Servicing Your Honda
95
03/08/04 10:23:38 31MCV640_105
Final Drive Oil
Changing Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT REAR (4)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(1) oil drain bolt
(2) final drive oil filler cap
(3) sealing washer
(4) oil filler inspection hole
Change the oil with the final drive at
normal operating temperature to assure
complete and rapid draining.
96
Servicing Your Honda
1. Place the motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
2. Place a drain pan under the drain bolt
( 1 ).
3. Remove the oil filler cap ( 2 ) and the
drain bolt.
4. After the oil has completely drained,
check that the sealing washer ( 3 ) is in
good condition. Reinstall the drain bolt
with its sealing washer (or a new
washer, if necessary) and tighten it to
the specified torque:
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
5. Fill the final drive with the
recommended oil:
4.1 US oz (120 cm )
Make sure the final drive oil level is at
the lower edge of the oil filler
inspection hole ( 4 ).
6. Install the oil filler cap.
03/08/04 10:23:49 31MCV640_106
Throttle
Throttle Freeplay
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Inspection
Check freeplay at the throttle grip flange.
Freeplay:
1/16−1/4 in (2−6 mm)
If necessary, adjust to the specified range.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
Adjustment
1. Loosen the lock nut ( 1 ).
2. Turn the adjuster ( 2 ).
3. After adjustment, check for smooth
rotation of the throttle grip from fully
closed to fully open in all steering
positions.
(1)
(1) lock nut
(2)
(2) adjuster
Servicing Your Honda
97
03/08/04 10:23:55 31MCV640_107
Throttle
Throttle Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
1. Check that the throttle assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
2. Check for smooth rotation of the
throttle from fully open to fully closed
in all steering positions. If there is a
problem, see your Honda dealer.
98
Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:24:03 31MCV640_108
Clutch System
Your motorcycle has a hydraulicallyactuated clutch. There are no adjustments
to perform, but the clutch system must be
inspected periodically for fluid level and
leakage.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT FRONT
If control lever freeplay becomes
excessive and the motorcycle creeps or
stalls when shifted into gear, or if the
clutch slips, causing acceleration to lag
behind engine speed, there is probably air
in the clutch system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled out of the
system.
(1)
(1) LOWER level mark
Check that the fluid level is above the
LOWER level mark. If the fluid level is
below the LOWER level mark, it indicates
fluid leakage. See your Honda dealer for
repair.
Servicing Your Honda
99
03/08/04 10:24:09 31MCV640_109
Clutch System
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hose and fittings.
Check that the clutch lever assembly is
positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
100 Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:24:18 31MCV640_110
Engine Idle Speed
Remember, idle speed adjustment is not a
‘‘cure-all’’ for other problems in your
engine’s fuel-delivery system. Adjusting
the idle will not compensate for a fault
elsewhere.
Idle Speed Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT SIDE
The engine must be at normal operating
temperature for accurate idle speed
adjustment.
(1)
(+)
(−)
(1) throttle stop
screw
(+) increase
(−) decrease
1. If the engine is cold, start it and warm it
up with ten minutes of stop-and-go
riding. Stop the engine.
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
101
03/08/04 10:24:25 31MCV640_111
Engine Idle Speed
2. Place your motorcycle on its side stand
on a firm, level surface.
3. Connect a tachometer to the engine.
4. Shift into neutral. Start the engine.
5. Adjust idle speed with the throttle stop
screw ( 1 ).
Idle speed (in neutral):
800 ± 100 rpm
102 Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:24:35 31MCV640_112
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard
spark plug
for
extended
high speed
riding
IFR5L11 (NGK) or
VK16PRZ11 (DENSO)
IFR6L11 (NGK) or
VK20PRZ11 (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark
plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat
range can cause engine damage.
This motorcycle uses spark plugs that have
an iridium coated center electrode.
Be sure to observe the following when
servicing the spark plugs.
Do not clean the spark plugs. If an
electrode is contaminated with
accumulated objects or dirt, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
Use only a ‘‘wire-type feeler gauge’’ to
check the spark plug gap if necessary.
To prevent damaging the iridium
coating of the center electrode, never
use a ‘‘leaf-type feeler gauge.’’
Do not adjust the spark plug gap. If the
gap is out of specification, replace the
spark plug with a new one.
Servicing Your Honda
103
03/08/04 10:24:43 31MCV640_113
Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Replacement &
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
RIGHT SIDE
(3)
(1)
(2)
(1) screws
(2) plug cover
(3) spark plug cap
104 Servicing Your Honda
1. Remove the screws ( 1) and plug cover
( 2 ).
2. Clean any dirt from around the spark
plug bases.
3. Disconnect the spark plug caps ( 3 ).
Take care to avoid damaging the spark
plug wire when disconnecting the caps.
4. Using the spark plug wrench provided
in the tool kit, remove the spark plugs.
03/08/04 10:24:54 31MCV640_114
Spark Plugs
5. Inspect the electrodes and center
porcelain for deposits, corrosion, or
carbon fouling. If the corrosion or
deposits are heavy, replace the plug.
6. Make sure that the 1.4 mm wire-type
feeler gauge does not insert between the
spark plug gap ( 4 ). If the gauge is
inserted into the gap, replace the plug
with a new one.
7. Make sure the plug washer is in good
condition.
(4)
8. With the plug washers attached, thread
the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
9. Tighten each spark plug:
1/8-1/4 turn after it seats (if the old
plug is good)
1/2 turn after it seats (if installing a
new plug)
Improperly tightened spark plugs can
damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too
tight, the threads may be damaged.
10. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care
to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
(4) spark plug gap
Servicing Your Honda
105
03/08/04 10:25:02 31MCV640_115
Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems
use springs and hydraulic damping devices
that suspend your weight and most of the
weight of your motorcycle.
The spring pre-load for your rear
suspension system adjusts the amount of
force required to begin compression of the
spring.
The oil damper systems hydraulically
control the natural compression and
rebound of the suspension springs so that
traction and comfort are maintained as the
wheels ride over road surfaces.
106 Servicing Your Honda
Consider adjusting your rear suspension
pre-load whenever you change your
normal load, by adding or subtracting a
passenger, cargo, or accessories, or when
the road or riding conditions change.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the
type of ride you want to experience can
also influence your suspension needs.
Lower spring pre-load provides a softer
ride and is usually preferred for light loads
and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load
provides a firmer ride and is
recommended for heavy loads, rough road
conditions, and faster, more challenging
riding.
03/08/04 10:25:09 31MCV640_116
Suspension
Rear Suspension Adjustment
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
The rear suspension can be adjusted for
rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load.
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT SIDE
(2)
Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or
dispose of the damper; see your Honda
dealer. The instructions found in this
owner’s manual are limited to adjustments
of the shock assembly only.
(1)
(1) pin spanner
(2) shock absorber
Servicing Your Honda
107
03/08/04 10:25:17 31MCV640_117
Suspension
The spring pre-load adjuster has
5 positions for different load or riding
conditions.
Use the pin spanner ( 1 ) to adjust the rear
shock spring pre-load.
Position 1: for a light load and smooth
road conditions.
Position 2: standard position.
Positions 3 to 5: for when the
motorcycle is more heavily loaded.
(Also increase spring pre-load for
stiffer rear suspension.)
108 Servicing Your Honda
Make sure that both shock absorbers are
adjusted to the same position.
Always adjust the shock absorber position
in sequence (1-2-3-4-5 or 5-4-3-2-1).
Attempting to adjust directly from 1 to 5
or 5 to 1 may damage the shock absorber.
03/08/04 10:25:26 31MCV640_118
Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your
motorcycle dissipate the heat generated by
the friction of the brake pads on the brake
discs as the wheels are slowed.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid
level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure
there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake
pads for wear.
If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay
does not feel within the normal range
while riding, check the brake pads for
wear (page 112 ). Worn pads should be
replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond
the recommended limit, there is probably
air in the brake system. See your Honda
dealer to have the air bled from the system.
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake
fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake
Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda
DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid of
equal quality and performance. Use fresh
brake fluid from a sealed container. Be
sure to read the label before opening the
sealed container. An opened container
may be contaminated or may have
absorbed moisture from the air.
Servicing Your Honda
109
03/08/04 10:25:34 31MCV640_119
Brakes
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
thoroughly and call a doctor immediately
if it contacts your eyes.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(Front Brake)
If your inspection indicates a low fluid
level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except
in an emergency. If you do add fluid, have
your Honda dealer check the system as
soon as possible.
(1)
Brake f luid can damage plastic and
painted surf aces. Handle with care.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact
with skin or eyes. In case of contact, wash
110 Servicing Your Honda
(1) lower level mark
03/08/04 10:25:42 31MCV640_120
Brakes
RIGHT SIDE
(Rear Brake)
(2)
(1)
(1) lower level mark
(2) upper level mark
If the level is at or below the lower
level mark, check the brake pads for
wear (page 112 ).
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads
are not worn beyond the recommended
limit, have your brake system inspected
for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the
hoses and fittings.
1. Place your motorcycle in an upright
position on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
Front : It should be above the lower
level mark ( 1 ).
Rear : It should be between the upper
( 2 ) and lower level marks.
Servicing Your Honda
111
03/08/04 10:25:51 31MCV640_121
Brakes
RIGHT FRONT
Brake Pad Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity
of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear
faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect the
pads at each regular maintenance interval
(page 64 ).
(1)
(1) cutouts
RIGHT REAR
Always inspect both pads in both the right
and left front brake calipers.
Check the cutouts ( 1 ) in each pad. If
either pad is worn to the cutout, replace
both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer
for this service.
(1)
(1) cutouts
112 Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:26:00 31MCV640_122
Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your
tires must be the proper type and size, in
good condition with adequate tread, and
correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and
replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated can
cause a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
Properly inflated tires provide the best
combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated
tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from
being overheated. Overinflated tires make
your motorcycle ride more harshly, are
more prone to damage from road hazards,
and wear unevenly.
The following pages give detailed
information on how and when to check
your air pressure, how to inspect your tires
Servicing Your Honda
113
03/08/04 10:26:05 31MCV640_123
Tires
We recommend that you visually check
your tires before every ride and use an air
pressure gauge to measure the air pressure
at least once a month or any time you
think the tires might be low. Even tires
that are in good condition may lose one to
two psi per month if not checked and
adjusted regularly.
Cast Wheels: Tubeless tires have some
degree of self-sealing ability if they are
punctured.
However, because leakage is often very
slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully
inflated.
114 Servicing Your Honda
Always check air pressure when your tires
are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the motorcycle has
been parked for at least three hours. If you
check air pressure when your tires are
‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has
only been ridden for a few miles –– the
readings will be higher. If you let air out
of warm tires to match the recommended
cold pressures, the tires will be
underinflated.
03/08/04 10:26:18 31MCV640_124
Tires
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures
are:
front
rear
*
33 psi (225 kPa ,
2.25 kgf/cm )
33 psi (225 kPa ,
2.25 kgf/cm )
with less than
200 lbs (90 kg) of
added weight*
36 psi (250 kPa ,
2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than
200 lbs (90 kg) of
added weight*
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures,
you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire
or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or
cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded
in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo & all accessories
Servicing Your Honda
115
03/08/04 10:26:29 31MCV640_125
Tires
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object
while riding, pull to the side of the road as
soon as you safely can and carefully
inspect the tires for damage.
For the best performance, you should
replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
Tread Wear
If the wear indicators are visible, replace
the tire immediately as it is no longer safe.
(1)
(2)
Tire Repair (Cast Wheels)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
(1) wear indicator
(2) wear indicator location mark
116 Servicing Your Honda
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is
repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and
performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
03/08/04 10:26:37 31MCV640_126
Tires
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire replaced or permanently
repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
148 .)
work is performed by a professional and
that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
A permanent repair, such as an internal
plug patch, can be made if a tire has only a
small puncture in the tread area. With such
a repair, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. If you choose to
have a tire repaired, be sure the repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
If you have a tire professionally repaired
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
Tire & Tube Repair
(Spoke Wheels)
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. A repaired tube will not have
the same reliability as a new one, and it
may fail while you are riding. And the tire
will have lower speed and performance
limits than a new one.
Servicing Your Honda
117
03/08/04 10:26:42 31MCV640_127
Tires
A temporary repair can sometimes be
made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may
not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger,
and have the tire and tube replaced as soon
as possible.
(For more information on temporary
repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
152 .)
118 Servicing Your Honda
If you decide to only replace the tube but
not the tire, you should not exceed 50 mph
(80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph
(130 km/h) at any time thereafter. In
addition, you may not be able to safely
carry as much weight. Repair work should
be done by a professional and the wheel
should be balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire and tube professionally
repaired at a non-Honda facility, we
recommend that you have the work
checked by your Honda dealer.
03/08/04 10:26:48 31MCV640_128
Tires
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle
were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and
provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this owner’s
manual.
You should replace the tires with tires of
the same size, load range, and speed rating
as the originals.
Servicing Your Honda
119
03/08/04 10:27:01 31MCV640_129
Tires
The recommended tires for your
motorcycle are:
Cast Wheels:
150/80R17M/C 72H
front
DUNLOP D251F
180/70R16M/C 77H
rear
DUNLOP D251
Spoke Wheels:
150/80-17M/C 72H
front
DUNLOP D404F
170/80-15M/C 77H
rear
DUNLOP K555J
120 Servicing Your Honda
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is
installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda
dealer if possible.
Spoke Wheels: Have a new tube
installed whenever a tire is replaced.
The old tube will probably be stretched.
If installed in a new tire, it could fail.
If you have a tire professionally replaced
at a non-Honda facility, we recommend
that you have the work checked by your
Honda dealer.
03/08/04 10:27:08 31MCV640_130
Tires
Important Safety Reminders:
Cast Wheels
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless
tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this
motorcycle. The rims are designed for
tubeless tires, and during hard
acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire
could slip on the rim and cause the tire
to rapidly deflate.
Do not install a bias-ply tire on this
motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial
tires can adversely affect handling and
stability.
Important Safety Reminders:
Spoke Wheels
Do not install a radial tire on this
motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial
tires can adversely affect handling and
stability.
Do not install car tires on this
motorcycle. During installation the tire
may separate from the rim with enough
force to cause serious injury or death.
Servicing Your Honda
121
03/08/04 10:27:20 31MCV640_131
Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) side stand spring
Check that the side stand assembly is
working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area
and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
122 Servicing Your Honda
Check the spring for damage or loss of
tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off
system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle and put the
transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the
side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
03/08/04 10:27:28 31MCV640_132
Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free
type battery. You do not have to check the
battery electrolyte level or add distilled
water as you would with a conventionaltype battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type
and can be permanently damaged if the
cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the
battery –– even when the ignition is OFF.
Limited operation also allows the battery
to discharge. If you have electrical
accessories on your motorcycle –– or do
not ride frequently, we recommend that
you charge the battery frequently (see
Battery Charging, page 126 ).
If you do not expect to ride your
motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery –– or
at least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see
Battery Storage, page 124 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is
leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting
or other electrical problems), see your
Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and
related accessories contain lead and lead
compounds. Wash hands after handling.
Servicing Your Honda
123
03/08/04 10:27:35 31MCV640_133
Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we
recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least
every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we
recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from
removing the battery and slow (trickle)
charging it every 30 days (see Battery
Charging, page 126 ).
124 Servicing Your Honda
Before you remove the battery, be sure to
read all the information that follows, as
well as the information on the battery
label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
03/08/04 10:27:47 31MCV640_134
Battery
The battery is located in the battery box
below the seat.
1. Remove the seat (page 73 ).
2. Remove the ECM ( 1 ).
3. Remove the battery cover ( 2 ) by
removing the three screws ( 3 ).
4. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal
lead ( 4 ) from the battery first.
5. Disconnect the positive (+) terminal
lead ( 5 ).
6. Pull the battery ( 6 ) out of the battery
box.
(6)
UNDER SEAT
(4)
(5)
(1)
(3)
(2)
(1) ECM
(2) battery cover
(3) screws
(4) negative (−) terminal lead
(5) positive (+) terminal lead
(6) battery
Servicing Your Honda
125
03/08/04 10:27:56 31MCV640_135
Battery
7. Charge the battery (see following
section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
8. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach
location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures
and direct sunlight.
9. Clean the battery box after removing
the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the
area.
10. Slow charge the battery (see following
section) once every 30 days.
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
(1)
(1) ‘‘trickle’’ charger
Be sure to read the information that came
with your battery charger and follow the
instructions on the battery. Improper
charging may damage the battery.
126 Servicing Your Honda
03/08/04 10:28:01 31MCV640_136
Battery
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger
( 1 ) for home charging. These units can be
left connected for long periods without
risking damage to the battery. However,
do not intentionally leave the charger
connected longer than the time period
recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery
charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause
permanent damage.
Servicing Your Honda
127
03/08/04 10:28:11 31MCV640_137
Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep
your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an
owner who values your motorcycle. A
clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect
and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/
polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/
degreaser and water
128 Servicing Your Honda
Avoid products that contain harsh
detergents or chemical solvents that
could damage the metal, paint, and
plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from
recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your
motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets
intensify the sun’s brightness. Spotting
is also more likely because surface
water can dry before you have time to
wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to
protect surface finishes.
03/08/04 10:28:15 31MCV640_138
Appearance Care
We recommend the use of a garden
hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coinoperated car washes) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
High pressure water (or air) can damage
certain parts of your motorcycle.
After cleaning, inspect for damage,
wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, brake,
and clutch fluid).
Servicing Your Honda
129
03/08/04 10:28:23 31MCV640_139
Appearance Care
Washing Your Motorcycle with a
Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with
cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a
mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made
especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or
a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild
cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
130 Servicing Your Honda
4. After washing, rinse your motorcycle
thoroughly with plenty of clean water to
remove any residue. Detergent residue
can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or
a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and
water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for
several minutes. The engine heat will
help dry moist areas.
03/08/04 10:28:30 31MCV640_140
Appearance Care
7. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at
a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the
brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
If the inside of the headlight lens
appears clouded immediately after
washing, it should clear after a few
minutes of riding.
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the
tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s)
follow:
Servicing Your Honda
131
03/08/04 10:28:40 31MCV640_141
Appearance Care
Motorcycle Condition
Dust and fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks. Brake
dust.
Dull, corroded chrome or
aluminum.
132 Servicing Your Honda
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe the
paint, chrome, glass, and clear plastic.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse and
dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe with
a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
03/08/04 10:28:46 31MCV640_142
Appearance Care
Painted Aluminum Wheel
Maintenance
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Cast Wheels: Aluminum may corrode
from contact with dirt, mud, or road salt.
Clean the wheels after riding through any
of these substances. Use a wet sponge and
mild detergent. Avoid stiff brushes, steel
wool, or cleaners containing abrasives or
chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water
and dry with a clean cloth.
If the paint is chipped, apply touch-up
paint.
Servicing Your Honda
133
03/08/04 10:28:54 31MCV640_143
Appearance Care
Finishing Touches
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
After washing your motorcycle, consider
using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste
wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically
for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply the
polish or wax according to the instructions
on the container.
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped
or scratched, your Honda dealer has touchup paint to match your motorcycle’s color.
Be sure to use your motorcycle’s color
code (page 174 ) when you buy touch-up
paint.
134 Servicing Your Honda
If the frame has a chip that exposes the
metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up
paint. Several thin layers of touch-up paint
are better than one thick coat.
03/08/04 10:28:58 31MCV640_144
Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store
and transport your Honda, and how to be
an environmentally responsible
motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ............................. 136
Transporting Your Motorcycle ............ 139
You & the Environment ....................... 140
Tips
135
03/08/04 10:29:07 31MCV640_145
Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended
period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and
correct any problem before storing it. That
way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten
and it will be easier to get your motorcycle
running again.
For more information about storage, refer
to the Honda Motorcycle Winter Storage
Guide, available from your Honda dealer
(USA only).
We suggest you perform the following
procedures to keep your motorcycle in top
condition. These storage procedures will
reduce the deterioration that can occur
during storage.
136 Tips
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
1. Change the engine oil and filter (page
84 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled
with a 50/50% antifreeze solution (page
88 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill
cap is properly installed.
03/08/04 10:29:16 31MCV640_146
Storing Your Honda
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders,
perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the
spark plugs. Using tape or string,
secure the caps to any convenient
plastic body part so that they are
positioned away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the
engine and store them in a safe place.
Do not connect the spark plugs to the
spark plug caps.
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of
clean engine oil into each cylinder
and cover the spark plug holes with a
piece of cloth.
With the engine stop switch in the
RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and
distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark
plug caps.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully.
Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct
sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
126 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all
painted surfaces. Apply rust-inhibiting
oil to the chrome pieces.
Tips
137
03/08/04 10:29:28 31MCV640_147
Storing Your Honda
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended
pressures (page 115 ).
8. Store your motorcycle in an unheated
area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily
temperature variation.
9. Cover your motorcycle with a porous
material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that
restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
138 Tips
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 84 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for
more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the
fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 126 ) as
required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 29 ),
then test-ride your motorcycle at low
speeds.
03/08/04 10:29:32 31MCV640_148
Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported,
it should be carried on a motorcycle trailer,
or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For
information about 24-hour emergency
assistance, see page 201 (USA only). Do
not tow your motorcycle, as towing can
seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting
service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power
ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
Tips
139
03/08/04 10:29:38 31MCV640_149
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be
enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an
environmentally-responsible motorcycle
owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a
biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray
cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which
damage the atmosphere’s protective
ozone layer. Don’t throw cleaning
solvents away; see the following
guidelines for proper disposal.
140 Tips
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and
thoughtless to put used engine oil in the
trash, down a drain, or on the ground.
Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and
cleaning solvents contain poisons that
can hurt refuse workers and
contaminate our drinking water, lakes,
rivers, and oceans. Before changing
your oil, make sure you have the proper
containers. Put oil and other toxic
wastes in separate sealed containers and
take them to a recycling center. Call
your local or state office of public
works or environmental services to find
a recycling center in your area, and to
get instructions on how to dispose of
non-recyclable wastes.
03/08/04 10:29:45 31MCV640_150
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common
problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells
you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume
riding. If the problem cannot be safely
solved, this section also gives instructions
on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
For information about transporting your
motorcycle, see page 139 .
General Guidelines ............................... 142
If Your Engine Quits or
Won’t Start ........................................... 143
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 148
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 161
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights .................................................... 163
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 164
If You Crash ......................................... 168
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 169
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 170
Taking Care of the Unexpected
141
03/08/04 10:29:53 31MCV640_151
Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained
is the best way to reduce the possibility of
having a problem on the road. However,
since problems can arise even with wellmaintained machines, you may consider
subscribing to an emergency roadside
service plan. (USA only: For information
about the Honda Rider’s Club of America,
see page 201 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s
manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as
tire repair supplies and additional tools)
that might help you solve a problem on
your own.
142 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Should you ever have a problem while
riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and
your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and
you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to
have permanent repairs made as soon as
possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or
your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific
problems follow.
03/08/04 10:29:58 31MCV640_152
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can
prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the
problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the
engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information
may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as
you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the
Starter motor doesn’t operate symptom. If
you can hear the starter motor working
normally, refer to the Starter motor works,
but the engine won’t start symptom.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
143
03/08/04 10:30:15 31MCV640_153
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Turn the ignition switch ON.
ignition switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
engine stop switch OFF
Shift into neutral.
transmission not in neutral
Raise the side stand. Put the transmission in
side stand down (when
neutral, pull the clutch lever in, or raise the side
transmission not in neutral)
stand.
Replace with a new fuse of the same rating (page
blown fuse
164 ).
Tighten the battery lead.
battery lead loose
Charge the battery (page 126 ). If charging doesn’t
dead battery
help, see your Honda dealer.
If all possible causes are negative, the starter
faulty starter motor
motor may be faulty. See your Honda dealer.
144 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/08/04 10:30:26 31MCV640_154
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
Fill the fuel tank.
out of fuel
See F looded Engine (page 39 ).
flooded engine
Install the spark plug caps securely. If the engine
loose or unconnected spark
still won’t start, see your Honda dealer.
plug caps
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
loose battery cables
weak battery
Charge the battery (page 126 ). If charging doesn’t
help, see your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
145
03/08/04 10:30:41 31MCV640_155
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
side stand down
Raise the side stand. Start again.
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
idles roughly, too fast, stalls
Check engine idle adjustment (page 101). If the
problem persists, see your Honda dealer.
overheating
Check the coolant temperature indicator. Refer to
If Y our Engine Overheats, page 161 .
low oil pressure
Check the low oil pressure indicator. Refer to If
the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights, page
163 .
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
146 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/08/04 10:30:52 31MCV640_156
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly. (cont’d)
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
See your Honda dealer.
mixture)
detonates or pings under
If applicable, switch to the recommended octane
load
gasoline (page 76 ) or change your brand of
gasoline. If the problem persists, see your Honda
dealer.
See your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
147
03/08/04 10:30:59 31MCV640_157
If You Have a Flat Tire
Cast Wheels
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage. If you find a
tire that has been punctured or damaged,
you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Motorcycle Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in
the tread or sidewall, or the bead has come
148 Taking Care of the Unexpected
loose from the rim, there is probably not
much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
or other qualified service facility. (USA
only: For information about 24-hour
emergency roadside assistance, see page
201 .) Even with a simple puncture, this
may be the safest and least troublesome
solution. For transporting instructions, see
page 139 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and
is not completely flat, you may be able to
make an emergency repair that could
allow you to continue riding to where you
can get the tire replaced or permanently
repaired.
03/08/04 10:31:03 31MCV640_158
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be risky.
If the temporary repair fails, you
can crash and be seriously injured
or killed.
repaired. Stop frequently and check the air
pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it
may be unsafe to continue riding. As the
tire gets low, it will affect the handling of
your motorcycle (especially with a
passenger and cargo) and it may overheat
and blow out.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or replaced.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over
30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully
(preferably without a passenger or cargo)
until the tire is replaced or permanently
Taking Care of the Unexpected
149
03/08/04 10:31:10 31MCV640_159
If You Have a Flat Tire
Cast Wheels: Types of
Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs
generally require a source of air to inflate
the tire. Possible sources include CO2
cartridges or cans of compressed air
designed to inflate a tire.
150 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have
some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a
slow leak. If this is the case, you can try
inflating the tire to see if it will hold air
pressure. If you can see a nail or other
object embedded in the tire tread, do not
remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do
something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit,
you can pull out the nail and try
inserting an external plug in the
puncture. Follow the instructions that
came with the repair kit and be sure to
inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
03/08/04 10:31:15 31MCV640_160
If You Have a Flat Tire
Cast Wheels: Should You Repair
or Replace a Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
page 116 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
151
03/08/04 10:31:21 31MCV640_161
If You Have a Flat Tire
Spoke Wheels
A flat tire is always unwelcome,
especially if you are far from help. If you
think you are losing air, or you hit a
pothole or hard object, pull safely to the
side of the road so you can inspect the
tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to
park on a firm, level surface and use the
side stand for support.) You should
examine the tire treads and sidewalls for
foreign objects or damage.
If a tire has major damage or the bead has
come loose from the rim, there is probably
not much you can do except have your
motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer
or other qualified service facility. (USA
only: For information about 24-hour
152 Taking Care of the Unexpected
emergency roadside assistance, see page
201 .) Even with a simple puncture, this
may be the safest and least troublesome
solution. For transporting instructions, see
page 139 .
Honda does not recommend that you make
a temporary repair to a tube-type tire.
However, if you decide to make a
temporary repair so you can get to a
service facility, ride cautiously at reduced
speed and have the tube and tire replaced
before you ride again.
03/08/04 10:31:27 31MCV640_162
If You Have a Flat Tire
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire or tube repair can
be risky. If the temporary repair
fails, you can crash and be
seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a temporary
tire repair, ride slowly and
carefully and do not exceed 30
mph (50 km/h) until the tire and
tube are replaced.
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary
repair, you should ride slowly (not over 30
mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably
without a passenger or cargo) until the tire
and tube are replaced. Stop frequently and
check the air pressure. If the tire is losing
pressure, it may be unsafe to continue
riding. As the tire gets low, it will affect
the handling of your motorcycle
(especially with a passenger and cargo)
and it may overheat and blow out.
Spoke Wheels: Should You
Repair or Replace a Tire or
Tube?
We strongly recommend that you replace,
not repair, any tire or tube that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has
only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see
the text beginning on page 117 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
153
03/08/04 10:31:36 31MCV640_163
If You Have a Flat Tire
RIGHT SIDE
Emergency Front Wheel
Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Carefully raise the center of the
motorcycle with a chain hoist.
154 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(1)
(2)
(1) fixing bolts
(2) brake caliper assembly
03/08/04 10:31:44 31MCV640_164
If You Have a Flat Tire
3. Remove the fixing bolts ( 1 ) and
remove the right and left caliper
assemblies ( 2 ) from the fork legs.
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
4. Loosen the right and left axle pinch
bolts ( 3 ) and remove the axle bolt ( 4 ).
RIGHT FRONT
(4)
(3)
(3) axle pinch bolts
(4) axle bolt
Taking Care of the Unexpected
155
03/08/04 10:31:55 31MCV640_165
If You Have a Flat Tire
5. Remove the front axle ( 5 ) and the
wheel.
Avoid depressing the brake lever and
brake pedal when the wheel is off the
motorcycle. This will force the
caliper pistons out of the cylinders.
The result will be loss of brake fluid.
If this occurs, the brake system will
require service. See your Honda
dealer for this service.
LEFT FRONT
(3)
(5)
(5) front axle
156 Taking Care of the Unexpected
Installation
1. Reassemble the removed parts in the
reverse order of removal.
Position the wheel between the fork
legs and insert the front axle shaft
from the left side, through the left
fork leg and wheel hub.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fit both brake discs between
the pads.
2. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the left
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
3. Tighten the axle bolt to the specified
torque:
67 lbf·ft (90 N·m , 9.2 kgf·m)
03/08/04 10:32:05 31MCV640_166
If You Have a Flat Tire
4. Install the brake caliper onto the fork
leg.
To avoid damaging the brake pads,
carefully fit both brake discs between
the pads.
5. Install the caliper fixing bolts and
tighten to the specified torque:
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
6. Operate the front brake and pump the
fork several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
7. Tighten the axle pinch bolts on the right
fork leg to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
8. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake lever AND brake pedal several
times, then recheck both discs for
caliper holder to disc clearance. Do not
operate the motorcycle without
adequate clearance.
Check for free wheel rotation after
the brake lever and brake pedal are
released. Recheck the wheel if the
brake drags or if the wheel does not
rotate freely.
After installing the wheel, operate the
brake lever AND brake pedal several
times until you feel pressure. You
must restore pressure from BOTH the
lever AND the pedal because this
motorcycle is equipped with a new
braking system.
Verify proper brake operation before
riding.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
157
03/08/04 10:32:15 31MCV640_167
If You Have a Flat Tire
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as soon
as possible to verify proper assembly.
Improper assembly may lead to loss of
braking capability.
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level
surface.
2. Carefully raise the center of the
motorcycle with a chain hoist.
LEFT REAR
Emergency Rear Wheel
Removal/Installation
(1)
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 56 .
Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done
only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to
remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and
professional tools.
158 Taking Care of the Unexpected
(1) axle shaft
03/08/04 10:32:25 31MCV640_168
If You Have a Flat Tire
3. While holding the other end of the axle
shaft ( 1 ) with a wrench, remove the
axle nut ( 2 ).
RIGHT REAR
(4)
(2)
(2) axle nut
(3) bracket bolt
(3)
(4) brake bracket
4. Remove the rear brake bracket bolt ( 3 ).
5. Pull the axle shaft out.
6. Remove the rear brake bracket ( 4 ).
7. Move the wheel to the right to separate
it from the final drive gear case.
8. Remove the wheel.
To avoid damage to the brake hose
during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from
the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on
the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake
performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
Avoid depressing the brake pedal
when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper pistons out
of the cylinders. The result will be a
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the
brake system will require service.
See your Honda dealer for this
service.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
159
03/08/04 10:32:35 31MCV640_169
If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Reassemble the removed parts in the
reverse order of removal.
Before installing the wheel, check
that the wheel hub and final drive
gear splines are coated with
molybdenum disulfide paste (USA
only: Pro Honda Moly 60 Paste, or
equivalent).
Be sure the splines on the wheel hub
fit into the final gear case.
While installing the wheel, carefully
fit the brake disc between the brake
pads to avoid damaging the pads.
2. Tighten the nuts and bolts to the
specified torques:
axle nut:
81 lbf·ft (110 N·m , 11.2 kgf·m)
rear brake bracket bolt:
51 lbf·ft (69 N·m , 7.0 kgf·m)
160 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If a torque wrench was not used for
installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper
assembly. Improper assembly may lead
to loss of braking capability.
3. After installing the wheel, apply the
brake several times. Check for free
wheel rotation after the brake is
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake
drags or the wheel does not rotate freely.
03/08/04 10:32:42 31MCV640_170
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the temperature of the coolant
in the cooling system will rise to a level
about midway between cold and boiling.
Hot weather may cause the temperature to
rise higher than normal. So will temporary
stress such as climbing a hill. If you’re
stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the
temperature may climb some, but the
radiator fan is designed to prevent
overheating. Be aware of these variations.
If the coolant temperature indicator (page
15 ) comes on for no apparent reason,
pull safely to the side of the road. If
possible, park in a shady area.
Continuing to ride with an overheated
engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant
leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but
don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the
engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue
working. Monitor the temperature
indicator. The indicator may turn off
after a brief stop with no load on the
engine.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
161
03/08/04 10:32:48 31MCV640_171
If Your Engine Overheats
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the
engine off. Open the fuse box (page
166 ) and check the radiator fan fuse.
If the fuse is blown, replace it with the
proper (same rating) spare fuse. Start
the engine. If the temperature indicator
comes on and stays on, turn the engine
off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually
check the coolant level in the reserve
tank, located just behind the crankcase.
It isn’t necessary to touch the radiator
system.
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t
ride without adding coolant (page 90 ).
After adding coolant, turn the engine on
and check the temperature indicator.
If the indicator doesn’t turn off, do not
ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
162 Taking Care of the Unexpected
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer
(page 139 ).
If the temperature drops to normal,
check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue
to monitor the temperature indicator
frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for
awhile, carefully watching the indicator.
Be prepared to stop and add more coolant
or water. If the leak is bad, transport your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 139 ).
03/08/04 10:32:56 31MCV640_172
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level
regularly, you should never see the low oil
pressure indicator while riding. Normally,
it will only light momentarily when you
turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally,
it may flicker at or near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil
leak, a low oil level, or some problem in
the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re
riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch
lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the
engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure
can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary,
add the recommended oil (page 80 ) to
the upper level mark. If you must leave
your motorcycle to get oil, secure it as
much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and
check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no
leak –– resume riding. If there is a leak ––
do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is
repaired by a Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
163
03/08/04 10:33:07 31MCV640_173
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your
motorcycle have fuses to protect them
from damage caused by excess current
flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle
stops working, the first thing you should
check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit
fuse box cover which fuse or fuses control
that component. Check those fuses first,
but check all the fuses before looking
elsewhere for another possible cause of
the problem. Replace any blown fuses and
check component operation.
Main fuse A (and spare) are located
near the starter motor magnetic switch
behind the left side cover.
Main fuse B is located behind the left
side cover.
The circuit fuse boxes (including spare
fuses) are located behind the right side
cover.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse A
main fuse B
other fuses
30A
30A
10A , 20A
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit,
turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
164 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/08/04 10:33:21 31MCV640_174
If a Fuse Blows
LEFT SIDE
(2)
(6)
(4)
3. To access main fuse A ( 1 ), open the
main fuse A cover ( 2 ).
4. Pull main fuse A out.
If it is blown ( 3 ), install spare main
fuse ( 4 ).
MAIN FUSE
(1)
(5)
(1) main fuse A
(2) main fuse A cover
(4) spare main fuse
(5) main fuse B
(6) main fuse B cover
Main Fuse Access:
2. Remove the left side cover (page 74 ).
(3)
(3) blown fuse
5. Close the main fuse A cover.
6. To access main fuse B ( 5 ), open the
main fuse B cover ( 6 ).
7. Pull main fuse B out.
If it is blown ( 3 ), install spare main
fuse ( 4 ).
8. Close the main fuse B cover.
9. Install the left side cover.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
165
03/08/04 10:33:34 31MCV640_175
If a Fuse Blows
Circuit Fuse Access:
10. Remove the right side cover (page 75 ).
11. Open the fuse box cover ( 7 ).
RIGHT SIDE
(9)
CIRCUIT FUSE
(8)
(7)
(8) blown fuse
(7) cover
(9) spare fuses
12. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull
the old fuse out of its retaining clips.
Look for a burned wire inside the fuse.
If the fuse is blown ( 8 ), replace it with
a spare fuse ( 9 ) of the same rating or
lower.
166 Taking Care of the Unexpected
13. Close the fuse box covers.
14. Install the right side cover.
If you do not have a replacement fuse
with the proper rating for the circuit,
install one with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a
higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
03/08/04 10:33:39 31MCV640_176
If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a spare fuse and you
cannot ride the motorcycle without fixing
the problem, take a fuse of the same rating
or a lower rating from one of the other
circuits that you can do without
temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare
fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you
can. Also remember to replace any spare
fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating
burns out in a short time, there is probably
a serious electrical problem on your
motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse in that
circuit and have your motorcycle checked
by your Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
167
03/08/04 10:33:46 31MCV640_177
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after
any accident. If you or anyone else has
been injured, take time to assess the
severity of the injuries and whether it is
safe to continue riding. Call for
emergency assistance if needed. Also
follow applicable laws and regulations if
another person or vehicle is involved in
the accident.
If you decide you are capable of riding
safely, carefully inspect your motorcycle
for damage and determine if it is safe to
ride. Check the tightness of critical nuts
and bolts securing such parts as the
handlebar, control levers, brakes, and
wheels.
168 Taking Care of the Unexpected
If there is minor damage, or you are
unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage
is hidden or not immediately apparent, so
you should have your motorcycle
thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure
to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious
crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see
Transporting Your Motorcycle, page 139 .
03/08/04 10:33:50 31MCV640_178
If You Lose Your Key
Be sure to record your key number in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of the
manual. You’ll need this number to have a
duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take
preventative action. Store one duplicate
key in a safe place at home and carry a
second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a
duplicate, either get your spare or have
one made. If you don’t know your key
number, call the dealer you purchased
your Honda from. They may have it listed
in their records. If they don’t, transport
your motorcycle to them or the nearest
Honda dealer. The dealer will probably
have to remove the ignition switch
assembly to find the key number so they
can make a key for you.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
169
03/08/04 10:33:55 31MCV640_179
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended,
especially if you use an automobile battery.
The greater amperage of an automobile
battery when the car engine is running can
damage your motorcycle’s electrical
system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it
appears unable to hold a charge, contact
your Honda dealer.
170 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/08/04 10:34:00 31MCV640_180
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions,
capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements
and how to break-in your motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification ........................... 172
Specifications ....................................... 175
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 182
Emission Control Systems ................... 183
Catalytic Converter .............................. 189
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 191
Technical Information
171
03/08/04 10:34:07 31MCV640_181
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The frame, VIN, and engine serial
numbers are required when you register
your motorcycle. They may also be
required when ordering replacement parts.
You may record these numbers in the
Quick Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number)
appears on the Safety Certification Label
attached to the left side of the down tube.
LEFT SIDE
(1)
(1) VIN
172 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:34:14 31MCV640_182
Vehicle Identification
The frame number ( 2 ) is stamped on the
right side of the steering head.
The engine number ( 3 ) is stamped on the
top of the crankcase.
RIGHT SIDE
LEFT SIDE
(3)
(2)
(2) frame number
(3) engine number
Technical Information
173
03/08/04 10:34:20 31MCV640_183
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
LEFT SIDE
(1)
The color label ( 1 ) is attached to the
frame behind the left side cover. Remove
the left side cover (page 74 ) to check the
label.
The color code is helpful when ordering
replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference
section at the rear of this manual.
(1) color label
174 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:34:33 31MCV640_184
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
Weight
dry weight
103.5 in (2,630 mm) …VTX1800R/S
101.2 in (2,570 mm) …VTX1800N
39.0 in (990 mm)
45.5 in (1,155 mm)
67.5 in (1,715 mm)
5.5 in (140 mm)
750 lbs (340 kg) …VTX1800R1/S1
754 lbs (342 kg) …VTX1800R2,3/S2,3
756 lbs (343 kg) …VTX1800N1
761 lbs (345 kg) …VTX1800N2,3
752 lbs (341 kg) California only …VTX1800R1/S1
756 lbs (343 kg) California only …VTX1800R2,3/S2,3
758 lbs (344 kg) California only …VTX1800N1
763 lbs (346 kg) California only …VTX1800N2,3
Technical Information
175
03/08/04 10:34:46 31MCV640_185
Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
final drive oil capacity
cooling system,
recommendation
cooling system,
capacity
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of 86 or higher
5.28 US gal (20.0 ) including reserve
after disassembly: 4.5 US qt (4.3 )
after draining: 3.7 US qt (3.5 )
after draining & oil filter change: 3.9 US qt (3.7 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils
labeled as energy conserving on the circular API service
label, SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives)
4-stroke oil (USA & Canada) or Honda 4-stroke oil
(Canada only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil
after draining: 4.1 US oz (120 cm )
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high quality
ethylene glycol antifreeze containing corrosion protection
inhibitors specifically recommended for use in aluminum
engines
3.4 US qt (3.2 )
176 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:35:02 31MCV640_186
Specifications
Capacities
passenger capacity
maximum weight
capacity
Engine Specifications
displacement
bore & stroke
compression ratio
spark plug (standard)
spark plug (high
speed riding)
spark plug gap
valve clearance
(cold)
idle speed
Operator and one passenger
USA: 412 lbs (187 kg) …VTX1800R/S
395 lbs (179 kg) …VTX1800N
Canada: 421 lbs (191 kg) …VTX1800R/S
403 lbs (183 kg) …VTX1800N
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
109.5 cu-in (1,795 cm )
3.98 × 4.41 in (101.0 × 112.0 mm)
9.0 : 1
IFR5L11 (NGK) or VK16PRZ11 (DENSO)
IFR6L11 (NGK) or VK20PRZ11 (DENSO)
0.039−0.043 in (1.00−1.10 mm) no adjustment
0.005 in (0.13 mm)
intake
exhaust 0.013 in (0.32 mm)
800 ± 100 rpm
Technical Information
177
03/08/04 10:35:14 31MCV640_187
Specifications
Power Transmission
primary reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
5th
final reduction
final drive
1.571
2.353
1.478
1.111
0.871
0.697
3.091
shaft
178 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:35:27 31MCV640_188
Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
caster
32°
trail
6.4 in (163 mm)
tire size, front
150/80R17M/C 72H …VTX1800R/N
150/80-17M/C 72H …VTX1800S
tire size, rear
180/70R16M/C 77H …VTX1800R/N
170/80-15M/C 77H …VTX1800S
tire pressure, front
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm ) −less than 200 lbs (90 kg)
(cold)
of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm ) −more than 200 lbs (90 kg)
of added weight
Electrical
battery
generator
12V−18AH
0.399 kW/5,000 rpm
Technical Information
179
03/08/04 10:35:37 31MCV640_189
Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
license light
turn signal lights
12V−60/55W
12V−21/5W …VTX1800R/S
LED …VTX1800N
12V−5W
12V−21/5W (front)
12V−21W (rear)
180 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:35:48 31MCV640_190
Specifications
Fuses
main fuse A
main fuse B
other fuses
30A
30A
10A , 20A
Torque Specifications
oil drain bolt
22 lbf·ft (30 N·m , 3.1 kgf·m)
oil filter
20 lbf·ft (26 N·m , 2.7 kgf·m)
front wheel axle
67 lbf·ft (90 N·m , 9.2 kgf·m)
bolt
front wheel axle
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
pinch bolts
rear wheel axle nut
81 lbf·ft (110 N·m , 11.2 kgf·m)
final drive drain bolt
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
Technical Information
181
03/08/04 10:35:52 31MCV640_191
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future
reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the
first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle
starts and rapid acceleration.
182 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:35:58 31MCV640_192
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U. S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and Transport
Canada require that your motorcycle
comply with applicable exhaust emissions
standards during its useful life, when
operated and maintained according to the
instructions provided.
The Vehicle Emission Control
Information label ( 1 ) is attached on the
rear fender under the seat.
The Vacuum Hose Routing Diagram label
( 3 ) is attached on the rear fender under
the seat (California only).
UNDER SEAT
(2)
(1)
(3)
(1) vehicle emission control information
label
(2) vehicle emission control information
label (Canada only)
(3) vacuum hose routing diagram label
Technical Information
183
03/08/04 10:36:03 31MCV640_193
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles
built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for
one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser,
when operated and maintained according
to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the
Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is
necessary in order to keep the emissions
system warranty in effect. (USA only)
184 Technical Information
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon
monoxide (CO), oxides of nitrogen (NOx),
and hydrocarbons (HC). Control of
hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is
very important because, under certain
conditions, they react to form
photochemical smog when subjected to
sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react
in the same way, but it is toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes PGM-FI
and other systems to reduce carbon
monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and
hydrocarbons.
03/08/04 10:36:08 31MCV640_194
Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Control System
California only:
The exhaust emission control system
includes two three-way catalytic
converters, two heated oxygen sensors, a
secondary air supply system, and a PGMFI system.
49-state & Canada:
The exhaust emission control system
includes two oxidation catalytic converters,
a secondary air supply system, and a
PGM-FI system.
Both systems:
No adjustment to these systems should be
made although periodic inspection of all
components is recommended.
PGM-FI System
The PGM-FI system uses sequential
multiport fuel injection. It has four
subsystems: Air Intake, Engine Control,
Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses
various sensors to determine how much air
is going into the engine. It then controls
how much fuel to inject under all
operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition
timing, reducing the amount of HC, CO
and NOx produced.
Technical Information
185
03/08/04 10:36:14 31MCV640_195
Emission Control Systems
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system
introduces filtered air into the exhaust
gases in the exhaust port. The secondary
air injection system helps improve
emission performance.
Three-Way Catalytic Converters
(California only)
The three-way catalytic converters are in
the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC, CO, and NOx
in the engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide
(CO2), dinitrogen (N2), and water vapor.
Oxidation Catalytic Converters
(49-state & Canada)
The oxidation catalytic converters are in
the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC and CO in the
186 Technical Information
engine’s exhaust to carbon dioxide (CO2)
and water vapor.
Evaporative Emission Control System
(California only)
This motorcycle complies with the
requirements of the California Air
Resources Board (CARB) evaporative
emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the
fuel tank is directed into the charcoal
canister and air cleaner where it is
adsorbed and stored while the engine is
stopped. When the engine is running and
the purge control solenoid valve is open,
fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air
cleaner is drawn into the engine through
the throttle body.
03/08/04 10:36:19 31MCV640_196
Emission Control Systems
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed
crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere.
Blow-by gas is returned to the combustion
chamber through the air cleaner and the
intake manifold.
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle
Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following
symptoms, have the vehicle inspected and
repaired by your authorized Honda
motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during
acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and
poor fuel economy
Technical Information
187
03/08/04 10:36:24 31MCV640_197
Emission Control Systems
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE
CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian
provincial laws may prohibit the following
acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The
removal or rendering inoperative by any
person, other than for purposes of
maintenance, repair or replacement, of any
device or element of design incorporated
into any new vehicle for the purpose of
noise control prior to its sale or delivery to
the ultimate purchaser or while it is in use;
or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such
device or element of design has been
removed or rendered inoperative by any
person.
188 Technical Information
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED
TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler,
baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust
gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part
of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the
vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those
specified by the manufacturer.
03/08/04 10:36:29 31MCV640_198
Catalytic Converter
California only:
This motorcycle is equipped with two threeway catalytic converters.
These catalytic converters contain precious
metals that serve as catalysts, promoting
chemical reactions to convert the exhaust
gasses without affecting the metals.
The catalytic converters act on HC, CO, and
NOx. A replacement unit must be an original
Honda part or its equivalent.
49-state & Canada:
This motorcycle is equipped with two
oxidation catalytic converters.
These catalytic converters contain
precious metals that serve as catalysts,
promoting chemical reactions to convert
the exhaust gasses without affecting the
metals.
The catalytic converters act on HC and
CO. A replacement unit must be an
original Honda part or its equivalent.
Technical Information
189
03/08/04 10:36:33 31MCV640_199
Catalytic Converter
Both Types of Catalytic Converters:
Catalytic converters must operate at a high
temperature for the chemical reactions to
take place. They can set fire to any
combustible materials that come near them.
Park your motorcycle away from high
grasses, dry leaves, or other flammables.
A defective catalytic converter contributes
to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these
guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converter.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a
small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making
the catalytic converter ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
Have your motorcycle diagnosed and
repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling or otherwise not running
properly.
190 Technical Information
03/08/04 10:36:40 31MCV640_200
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being
blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are
collectively referred to as oxygenated
fuels. To meet clean air standards, some
areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is
unleaded and meets the minimum octane
rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to
confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be
posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved
percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed
under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15%
by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to
15% MTBE by volume.
Technical Information
191
03/08/04 10:36:46 31MCV640_201
Oxygenated Fuels
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol)
5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing
methanol containing up to 5% methanol
by volume as long as it also contains
cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline
containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or
performance problems. It may also
damage metal, rubber, and plastic parts
of your fuel system.
If you notice any undesirable operating
symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
192 Technical Information
Fuel system damage or performance
problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the
percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and
plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills
immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and
plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel is
not covered by warranty.
03/08/04 10:36:51 31MCV640_202
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your
warranty and how to get an official Honda
service manual.
Authorized Manuals ............................. 194
Warranty Coverage .............................. 197
Warranty Service .................................. 198
Contacting Honda ................................. 199
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 200
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 201
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 202
Consumer Information
193
03/08/04 10:36:59 31MCV640_203
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual (Publication Item No. 61MCV02 ) used by your authorized Honda
dealer is available from Helm, Inc. (USA only, Canada: See your Honda dealer to order
authorized manuals.)
Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common Service
Manual (Publication No. 61CM001 ), which explains theory of operation and basic service
information for various systems common to all Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and
ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most mechanicallycapable owners should find them easy to use if they have the proper tools and observe proper
safety standards. Special Honda tools are necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Description
Price Each*
61MCV02
2004 VTX1800R/S/N Service Manual
$60.00
61CM001
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MCV640
2004 VTX1800R/S/N Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
194 Consumer Information
03/08/04 10:37:10 31MCV640_204
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by check or
money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the address shown on the
back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Mich. Purchasers
Add 6 % Sales Tax
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time for
Handling Charge
delivery.
Grand Total
$4.00
Consumer Information
195
03/08/04 10:37:26 31MCV640_205
S
H
I
P
T
O
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to whose attention the
shipment should be sent.
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc.
U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
MasterCard
Zip Code
Check here if your billing address is different from the
shipping address shown above.
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
VISA
Discover
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a restocking fee may
be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
196 Consumer Information
03/08/04 10:37:33 31MCV640_206
Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these
warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and
exclusions which apply to these warranties.
Please read the Warranties Booklet given
to you by your Honda dealer at the time of
purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda
owner’s card with your Warranties
Booklet (USA only).
Your warranty coverage will not be
voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have
the proper tools and service information
and be mechanically qualified. Failures
that occur due directly to improper
maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can
be extended through the Honda Protection
Plan (USA only). For more information,
see your Honda dealer.
It is important to realize that your
warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your
warranty coverage does not apply to
normal wear or deterioration associated
with using the motorcycle.
Consumer Information
197
03/08/04 10:37:39 31MCV640_207
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended
maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage.
Additionally, your warranty does not
apply to the normal wear of items (such as
brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with
your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make
an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the
motorcycle, you will be asked to authorize
that inspection. Your dealer will give you
the results of the inspection. If the
problem is covered under warranty, your
dealer will perform the warranty repairs
for you.
198 Consumer Information
If you have questions about warranty
coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your
Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions
of all concerned, a misunderstanding may
occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your
dealer’s handling of the situation, we
suggest you discuss your problem with the
appropriate member of the dealership’s
management team. If the problem has
already been reviewed with the Service
Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager,
etc., contact the Owner of the dealership
or their designated representative.
03/08/04 10:37:47 31MCV640_208
Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover
most of the questions you might ask about
your Honda. Any questions not answered
in the owner’s manual can be answered by
your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t
have the answer right away, they will get
it for you.
Motorcycle Division, American Honda
Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220, Torrance,
CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4W-5B,
telephone: (310) 532-9811.
If you have a difference of opinion with
your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and
operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the
dealership level.
Please include the following information
in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and frame/VIN
serial number
date of purchase
dealer name and address
If you wish to comment on your
experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the
following address (USA only):
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet
that was supplied with your vehicle.
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to
respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Consumer Information
199
03/08/04 10:37:53 31MCV640_209
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get
familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full
range of services available.
The service department is there to perform
regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service
information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty
inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine
Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and
Honda accessories and products (Canada
only). The same quality that went into
your Honda can be found in Genuine
Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find
comparable quality in the accessories and
200 Consumer Information
products available from the parts
department.
The sales department offers the Honda
Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about
competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer
is a source of information about American
Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the
Honda Rider’s Club of America (USA
only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the
service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the
quality and dependability of your Honda.
03/08/04 10:38:02 31MCV640_210
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most
enjoyment from owning your Honda is to
join the Honda Rider’s Club of America
(HRCA). Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter or ATV from a
participating Honda dealer entitles you to
a complimentary one-year membership.
The HRCA has hundreds of dealersponsored chapters throughout the USA.
Some of the HRCA membership benefits
include:
24-hr. emergency roadside assistance
for your Honda or transport vehicle.
Transportation for your Honda or
transport vehicle to the nearest Honda
dealer or service facility if roadside
assistance can’t get you going again.
Reimbursement (to $75) for motorcycle
and scooter rider training from the
Motorcycle Safety Foundation. Free
ATV rider training is available from the
Specialty Vehicle Institute of America
with the purchase of a new Honda ATV.
A subscription to Honda Red Rider, a
bi-monthly insider’s magazine for all
members.
Special members-only HRCA website.
Discounts from HRCA partners for
both on and off-road riding schools and
adventure packages.
Hospitality at national events.
Optional insurance, club pin, patch, etc.
Contact your Honda dealer for more
information or call: 1-800-847-HRCA.
For a complete list of all HRCA benefits
and services, refer to your HRCA
membership benefits manual or visit our
website at www.honda.com.
Consumer Information
201
03/08/04 10:38:08 31MCV640_211
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a
defect which could cause a crash or could
cause injury or death, you should
immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA)
in addition to notifying American Honda
Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it
may open an investigation, and if it finds
that a safety defect exists in a group of
vehicles, it may order a recall and remedy
campaign. However, NHTSA cannot
become involved in individual problems
between you, your dealer, or American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
202 Consumer Information
To contact NHTSA, you may either call
the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in
Washington, D.C. area) or write to:
NHTSA, U.S. Department of
Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.
You can also obtain other information
about motor vehicle safety from the
Hotline.
03/08/04 10:38:11 31MCV640_212
Consumer Information
203
03/08/04 10:38:15 31MCV640_213
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of
each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ................... 1
Important Safety Information .................. 2
Accessories & Modifications ................... 5
Safety Labels ............................................ 7
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS ...... 11
Component Locations ............................ 12
Indicators ................................................ 15
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................... 20
Start Button ......................................... 21
Engine Stop Switch ............................ 21
Headlight Dimmer Switch ................. 22
Turn Signal Switch ............................. 22
Horn Button ........................................ 23
Odometer/Tripmeter A&B
Reset Button ....................................... 23
204 Table of Contents
BEFORE RIDING................................ 25
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................... 26
Protective Apparel .............................. 26
Rider Training .................................... 28
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .... 29
Pre-ride Inspection ............................. 29
Load Limits & Guidelines...................... 32
Loading ............................................... 32
Load Limits ........................................ 33
Loading Guidelines ............................ 34
03/08/04 10:38:22 31MCV640_214
Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING ...... 35
Safe Riding Precautions ......................... 36
Starting & Stopping the Engine ............. 37
Preparation .......................................... 37
Starting Procedure .............................. 38
Flooded Engine................................... 39
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition
Cut-Off System .................................. 39
How to Stop the Engine ..................... 40
Shifting Gears ......................................... 41
Braking ................................................... 43
Parking .................................................... 45
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo .......... 49
SERVICING YOUR HONDA ............ 51
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ............ 54
Maintenance Safety ................................ 55
Important Safety Precautions ............. 56
Periodic Maintenance ............................. 58
Maintenance Schedule ........................... 60
Maintenance Record............................... 65
Service Preparations
Component Locations ............................ 67
Tool Kit ................................................... 70
Owner’s Manual Storage........................ 71
Storage Compartment ............................. 72
Seat Removal .......................................... 73
Side Cover Removal............................... 74
(cont’d)
Table of Contents
205
03/08/04 10:38:33 31MCV640_215
Table of Contents
SERVICING YOUR HONDA (cont’d)
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ......................................................... 76
Engine Oil & Filter ................................. 79
Coolant .................................................... 88
Air Cleaner ............................................. 92
Crankcase Breather................................. 94
Final Drive Oil ........................................ 95
Engine
Throttle ................................................... 97
Clutch System ......................................... 99
Engine Idle Speed................................. 101
Spark Plugs ........................................... 103
206 Table of Contents
Chassis
Suspension ............................................ 106
Brakes ................................................... 109
Tires ...................................................... 113
Side Stand ............................................. 122
Electrical
Battery................................................... 123
Appearance Care .................................. 128
TIPS...................................................... 135
Storing Your Honda ............................. 136
Transporting Your Motorcycle ............ 139
You & the Environment ....................... 140
03/08/04 10:38:37 31MCV640_216
Table of Contents
TAKING CARE OF THE
UNEXPECTED .................................. 141
General Guidelines ............................... 142
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ... 143
If You Have a Flat Tire ........................ 148
If Your Engine Overheats .................... 161
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator
Lights .................................................... 163
If a Fuse Blows ..................................... 164
If You Crash ......................................... 168
If You Lose Your Key ......................... 169
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ........ 170
CONSUMER INFORMATION ....... 193
Authorized Manuals ............................. 194
Warranty Coverage .............................. 197
Warranty Service .................................. 198
Contacting Honda ................................. 199
Your Honda Dealer .............................. 200
The Honda Rider’s Club
(USA only) ........................................... 201
Reporting Safety Defects
(USA only) ........................................... 202
TECHNICAL INFORMATION ...... 171
Vehicle Identification ........................... 172
Specifications ....................................... 175
Break-in Guidelines.............................. 182
Emission Control Systems ................... 183
Catalytic Converter .............................. 189
Oxygenated Fuels ................................. 191
INDEX ................................................. 208
TABLE OF CONTENTS .................. 204
QUICK REFERENCE
Table of Contents
207
03/08/04 10:38:43 31MCV640_217
Index
A
accessories ................................................ 5
air cleaner................................................ 92
air pressure, tires ................................... 113
American Honda, contacting................ 199
apparel, protective .................................. 26
appearance care .................................... 128
authorized manuals ............................... 194
B
battery ................................................... 121
brakes,
fluid................................................... 110
pad wear............................................ 112
braking .................................................... 43
break-in guidelines ............................... 182
208 Index
C
capacity, fuel .......................................... 77
care, appearance ................................... 128
cleaning, appearance care .................... 128
clutch system .......................................... 99
color label ............................................. 174
compartment,
owner’s manual .................................. 71
tool kit ................................................. 70
component locations,
indicators and controls ....................... 12
maintenance ........................................ 67
consumer information .......................... 193
coolant..................................................... 88
coolant temperature indicator................. 15
crankcase breather .................................. 93
customer service ................................... 199
03/08/04 10:38:49 31MCV640_218
Index
D
defects, safety ....................................... 201
drive, final............................................... 95
E
emission control systems ...................... 183
engine,
flooded ................................................ 39
idle speed .......................................... 101
low oil pressure................................. 163
number .............................................. 173
oil ........................................................ 79
overheats ........................................... 161
pinging ................................................ 76
starting ................................................ 37
stop switch .......................................... 21
stopping............................................... 40
won’t start ......................................... 143
environment .......................................... 140
F
final drive................................................ 95
flat tire .......................................... 148, 152
flooded engine ........................................ 39
frame number ....................................... 173
fuel,
oxygenated........................................ 191
recommendation ................................. 76
tank capacity ....................................... 78
fuses ...................................................... 164
Index
209
03/08/04 10:38:57 31MCV640_219
Index
G
gap, spark plug...................................... 105
gasohol .................................................. 191
gasoline ................................................... 76
H
headlight dimmer switch ........................ 22
helmet holder .......................................... 46
high beam indicator ................................ 15
Honda,
contacting ......................................... 199
Rider’s Club...................................... 201
dealer................................................. 200
Honda Service Manual ......................... 194
horn button .............................................. 23
210 Index
I
identification, vehicle ........................... 172
idle speed, engine ................................. 101
ignition cutoff system, side stand .......... 37
ignition switch ........................................ 20
indicators................................................. 15
inspection, pre-ride ................................. 29
K
key, lost ................................................. 169
kit, tool .................................................... 70
L
labels, safety ............................................. 7
lamp check .............................................. 16
03/08/04 10:39:03 31MCV640_220
Index
limit, weight ............................................ 33
load limits ............................................... 33
loading guidelines................................... 34
location, components,
indicators & controls .......................... 12
maintenance ........................................ 67
lock, steering ........................................... 46
M
maintenance,
importance .......................................... 54
periodic ............................................... 58
record .................................................. 65
safety................................................... 55
schedule .............................................. 60
manual, service ..................................... 194
manual, authorized ............................... 194
maximum weight limit ........................... 33
modifications ............................................ 6
N
numbers, serial ...................................... 172
O
odometer ................................................. 15
oil,
engine .................................................. 79
final drive ........................................... 95
low pressure ...................................... 163
operating controls ................................... 20
overheat, engine.................................... 161
owner’s manual storage .......................... 71
oxygenated fuels................................... 191
Index
211
03/08/04 10:39:09 31MCV640_221
Index
P
parking .................................................... 46
pinging, engine ....................................... 76
plugs, spark ........................................... 103
pre-load, rear suspension ...................... 106
pre-ride inspection .................................. 29
problems, unexpected ........................... 142
protective apparel ................................... 26
R
removal,
seat ...................................................... 73
side cover ............................................ 74
reporting safety defects ........................ 202
rider training ....................................... 2, 28
Rider’s Club, Honda ............................. 201
212 Index
riding,
basic operation .................................... 35
clothing ............................................... 26
safety..................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................... 37
with passenger or cargo ...................... 49
03/08/04 10:39:13 31MCV640_222
Index
S
safety,
important precautions ......................... 56
labels ..................................................... 7
reporting defects ............................... 201
riding precautions ............................... 36
schedule, maintenance............................ 60
seat removal ............................................ 73
serial numbers ....................................... 172
service,
customer............................................ 199
manuals ............................................. 194
warranty ............................................ 198
shifting gears .......................................... 42
side cover removal.................................. 74
side stand .............................................. 122
side stand ignition cutoff system ........... 37
spark knock ............................................. 76
spark plugs ............................................ 103
specifications ........................................ 175
speedometer ............................................ 15
stand, side ............................................. 122
start button .............................................. 21
starting,
engine .................................................. 37
troubleshooting ................................. 143
steering lock ............................................ 46
stop switch, engine ................................. 21
stopping engine ....................................... 40
storage,
motorcycle ........................................ 136
owner’s manual .................................. 71
suspension, rear pre-load ...................... 107
switch,
headlight dimmer................................ 22
ignition ................................................ 20
turn signal ........................................... 22
Index
213
03/08/04 10:39:19 31MCV640_223
Index
T
theft prevention tips................................ 48
throttle ..................................................... 97
tires,
air pressure........................................ 115
flat ..................................................... 148
replacing ........................................... 120
tool kit ..................................................... 70
training, rider ...................................... 2, 28
transporting your motorcycle ............... 139
tripmeter A&B ........................................ 15
tripmeter A&B reset knob ...................... 23
trouble, unexpected .............................. 142
troubleshooting, starting ....................... 143
turn signal indicators .............................. 15
214 Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ........... 172
W
warranty,
coverage ............................................ 197
extended ............................................ 197
service ............................................... 198
washing your motorcycle ..................... 130
weight limit ............................................. 33
wheels,
front removal .................................... 154
rear removal ...................................... 158
03/08/04 10:39:21 31MCV640_224
Memo
215
03/08/04 10:39:23 31MCV640_225
216 Memo
03/08/04 10:39:32 31MCV640_226
Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important
collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find
space to record important notes.
How To Avoid Costly Repairs
The engine of your Honda can be the most
expensive component to repair. Proper
maintenance, especially the use of the
recommended fluids and filters, prevents
premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity,
improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of
improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the
following page:
Quick Reference
03/08/04 10:39:36 31MCV640_227
Quick Reference
VIN/Frame No.
Engine No.
Frame No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
03/08/04 10:39:51 31MCV640_228
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic
Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Initial: 600 miles (1,000 km)
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride (page 29 ): tires,
leaks, loose parts, throttle, brakes, indicators, lights.
Check the following items monthly (page 58 ): tires, fluids, lights,
freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
Engine Oil
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil
or equivalent
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum engines in 50/50
solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent distilled water
USA: 412 lbs (187 kg) …VTX1800R/S
421 lbs (191 kg) …VTX1800N
Canada: 395 lbs (179 kg) …VTX1800R/S
403 lbs (183 kg) …VTX1800N
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
5.28 US gal (20.0 )
Coolant
Maximum
Weight
Capacity
Quick Reference
03/08/04 10:40:05 31MCV640_229
Quick Reference
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Fuses
Final Drive Oil
Quick Reference
Front: 150/80R17M/C 72H
DUNLOP D251F …VTX1800R/N
150/80-17M/C 72H
DUNLOP D404F …VTX1800S
Rear: 180/70R16M/C 77H
DUNLOP D251 …VTX1800R/N
170/80-15M/C 77H
DUNLOP K555J …VTX1800S
Front: 33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
Rear: 33 psi (225 kPa , 2.25 kgf/cm )
with less than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
with more than 200 lbs (90 kg) of added weight
standard: IFR5L11 (NGK) or VK16PRZ11 (DENSO)
high speed riding: IFR6L11 (NGK) or VK20PRZ11 (DENSO)
main A: 30A
main B: 30A
10A , 20A
other:
Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80
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