HP | E4402B | User's Manual | HP E4402B User's Manual

Getting Started Guide
Agilent Technologies ESA Spectrum Analyzers
This manual provides documentation for the following instruments:
ESA-E Series
E4401B (9 kHz - 1.5 GHz)
E4402B (9 kHz - 3.0 GHz)
E4404B (9 kHz - 6.7 GHz)
E4405B (9 kHz - 13.2 GHz)
E4407B (9 kHz - 26.5 GHz)
and
ESA-L Series
E4411B (9 kHz - 1.5 GHz)
E4403B (9 kHz - 3.0 GHz)
E4408B (9 kHz - 26.5 GHz)
Manufacturing Part Number: E4401-90464
Supersedes: E4401-90437
Printed in USA
November 2003
© Copyright 2001-2003 Agilent Technologies, Inc.
Notice
The information contained in this document is subject to change
without notice.
Agilent Technologies makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this
material, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of
merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent
Technologies shall not be liable for errors contained herein or for
incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing,
performance, or use of this material.
The following safety symbols are used throughout this manual.
Familiarize yourself with the symbols and their meaning before
operating this analyzer.
WARNING
Warning denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure
which, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in
injury or loss of life. Do not proceed beyond a warning note
until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
CAUTION
Caution denotes a hazard. It calls attention to a procedure that, if not
correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to or
destruction of the analyzer. Do not proceed beyond a caution sign until
the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
NOTE
Note calls out special information for the user’s attention. It provides
operational information or additional instructions of which the user
should be aware.
Additional Information
For the latest information about this analyzer, including firmware
upgrades, application information, and product information, see the
following URL:
http://www.agilent.com/find/esa/
2
Contents
1. Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Power Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Checking the Fuse . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
AC Power Cord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Why Aren’t All the Personality Options Loaded in Memory? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Using an External Reference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Firmware Revision . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Running Internal Alignments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Printer Setup and Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Legal Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2. Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front-Panel Connectors and Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Display Annotations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rear-Panel Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Key Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Front and Rear Panel Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
26
26
30
33
38
40
3. Making a Basic Measurement
Using the Front Panel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Entering Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using Menu Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a User Preset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Viewing a Signal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
43
43
43
44
44
45
4. Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Locating and viewing files in the catalog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating a directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Formatting a Floppy Disk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Saving a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 1. Set up the analyzer trace . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Step 2. Save the file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading a file . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Renaming a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Copying a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Deleting a File . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Using the Alpha Editor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
53
53
55
56
57
57
59
61
63
64
65
66
3
Contents
5. Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69
Option Descriptions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71
Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
50 Ohm/75 Ohm Minimum Loss Pad . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
75 Ohm Matching Transformer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
AC Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
AC Probe (Low Frequency) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Broadband Preamplifiers and Power Amplifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Carrying Strap (Part Number E4401-60028) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
External Keyboard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
GPIB Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
HP/Agilent 11970 Series Harmonic Mixers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
HP/Agilent 11974 Series Preselected Millimeter Mixers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84
Agilent E1779A Battery Pack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Parallel Interface Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Printer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
RF and Transient Limiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
RF Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
RS-232 Cable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Static Safe Accessories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
6. In Case of Difficulty
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89
Before Calling Agilent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Check the Basics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90
Read the Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Service Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Calling Agilent Technologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
Returning an Analyzer for Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
4
1 Installation and Setup
5
Installation and Setup
This chapter provides the following information that you may need when you first receive
your spectrum analyzer:
• “Initial Inspection” on page 7
• “Power Requirements” on page 10
• “Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time” on page 15
• “Printer Setup and Operation” on page 19
• “Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge” on page 22
• “Running Internal Alignments” on page 18
• “Legal Information” on page 23
6
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection
Initial Inspection
Inspect the shipping container and the cushioning material for signs of stress. Retain the
shipping materials for future use, as you may wish to ship the analyzer to another location
or to Agilent Technologies for service. Verify that the contents of the shipping container are
complete. The following table lists the items shipped with the analyzer.
Item
Description
Accessories
Adapter, Type-N (m) to BNC (f)
Not shipped with Option 1DP. Two adapters are shipped with
Option 1DN.
Adapter, BNC (m) to F (f), 75 Ω
Shipped only with Option 1DP. Two adapters shipped with
Option 1DQ.
Adapter, Type-N (m) to SMA (f)
Shipped only with Option 1DN for Agilent E4402B, E4403B,
E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B. Not shipped with
Option BAB.
Adapter, APC 3.5 (f) to APC 3.5 (f)
Shipped only with Option BAB.
Adapter, BNC (f) to SMA (m)
Shipped only with Option BAB.
Cable, BNC (m) to BNC (m), 203 mm
Shipped only with Agilent E4402B, E4403B, E4404B,
E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B.
Cable, SMA (m) to Type-N (m), 220 mm
Shipped only with Option 1DN for Agilent E4402B, E4403B,
E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B.
IntuiLink Toolbar software, CD-ROM
Provides a set of connectivity tools that enable you to easily
move data from your analyzer to your PC.
Power Cable (See Table 1-3. on page 13)
Connection for power source.
Standard Documentation Set
Getting Started Guide
Covers unpacking and setting up the analyzer, analyzer
features, and how to make a basic measurement. Includes
information on options and accessories, and what to do if you
have a problem.
User’s and Programmer’s Reference
Describes analyzer features in detail, including front-panel
key descriptions, basic spectrum analyzer programming
information, and SCPI command descriptions.
Measurement Guide
Provides details on how to measure various signals, and how
to use catalogs and files.
Specifications Guide
Documents specifications, safety, and regulatory information.
Instrument Messages and Functional Tests
Includes instrument messages (and suggestions for
troubleshooting them), and manual functional tests.
Programming Conversion Guide
Describes SCPI programming command compatibility for
8590, ESA series analyzers.
Chapter 1
7
Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection
Item
Documentation CD-ROM
NOTE
Description
Includes the documents in the standard set (listed above).
You can view and print the information as needed. See the
CD-ROM jacket for installation information.
If you purchased one or more optional measurement personalities, the related guides for the
options you ordered are included.
Service documentation is not included in the standard documentation set. See “Options” on
page 69 for information on ordering.
8
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Initial Inspection
If There Is a Problem
If the shipping materials are damaged or the contents of the container are incomplete:
• Contact the nearest Agilent Technologies office to arrange for repair or replacement
(Table 6-2. on page 93). You will not need to wait for a claim settlement.
• Keep the shipping materials for the carrier’s inspection.
• If you must return an analyzer to Agilent Technologies, use the original (or comparable)
shipping materials (see “Returning an Analyzer for Service” on page 94).
Chapter 1
9
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Power Requirements
The only physical installation of your Agilent spectrum analyzer is a connection to a power
source.
Line voltage does not need to be selected.
WARNING
Failure to ground the analyzer properly can result in personal injury.
Before turning on the analyzer, you must connect its protective earth
terminals to the protective conductor of the main power cable. Insert
the main power cable plug into a socket outlet that has a protective
earth contact only. DO NOT defeat the earth-grounding protection by
using an extension cable, power cable, or autotransformer without a
protective ground conductor.
If you are using an autotransformer, make sure its common terminal
is connected to the protective earth contact of the power source
outlet socket.
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall only
be inserted in a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor inside or
outside of the product is likely to make the product dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
CAUTION
VENTILATION REQUIREMENTS: When installing the product in a cabinet,
the convection into and out of the product must not be restricted. The ambient
temperature (outside the cabinet) must be less than the maximum operating
temperature of the product by 4°C for every 100 watts dissipated in the
cabinet. If the total power dissipated in the cabinet is greater than 800 watts,
then forced convection must be used.
This analyzer has autoranging line voltage input. Be sure the supply voltage
is within the specified range.
NOTE
10
For more information regarding analyzer specifications, see the Specifications
guide.
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Table 1-1. AC Power Requirements
Description
Specifications
Voltage
90 to 132 Vrms (47 to 440 Hz)
Voltage
195 to 250 Vrms (47 to 66 Hz)
Power Consumption, On
< 300 W
Power Consumption, Standby
<5W
Table 1-2. DC Power Requirements
Description
Specifications
Voltage
12 to 20 Vdc
Power Consumption
< 200 W
Power Consumption, Standby
<5W
Checking the Fuse
Where IEC regulations apply, use a 5 by 20 mm, rated F5A, 250 V IEC approved fuse. This
fuse may be used with input line voltages of 115 V or 230 V. Its part number is 2110-0709.
Where UL/CSA regulations apply, use a 5 by 20 mm rated fast blow, 5 A, 125 V UL/CSA
approved fuse (part number 2110-0756). This fuse may only be used with an input line
voltage of 115 V.
The line fuse is housed in a fuse holder in the upper left hand corner of the rear panel.
To remove the fuse, first disconnect the power cord from the analyzer. Then insert the
tip of a screwdriver into the slot at the middle of the fuse holder, and turn counterclockwise
to extend the fuse holder.
WARNING
For continued protection against fire hazard, replace the line fuse
only with the same type and rating. The use of other fuses or
material is prohibited.
AC Power Cord
The analyzer is equipped with a three-wire power cord, in accordance with international
safety standards. This cable grounds the analyzer cabinet when connected to an
appropriate power line outlet. The cable appropriate to the original shipping location is
included with the analyzer.
Various AC power cables are available that are unique to specific geographic areas. You
can order additional AC power cables for use in different areas. AC Power Cords, on
page 13 lists the available AC power cables, illustrates the plug configurations, and
identifies the geographic area in which each cable is appropriate.
Chapter 1
11
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
NOTE
The front panel switch is a standby switch only; it is not a LINE switch
(power disconnecting device).
WARNING
Install the product so that the detachable power cord is readily
identifiable and easily reached by the operator. The detachable
power cord is the product disconnecting device. It disconnects the
mains circuits from the mains supply before other parts of the
product. The front panel switch is only a standby switch and is not a
LINE switch. Alternatively, an externally installed switch or circuit
breaker (which is readily identifiable and is easily reached by the
operator) may be used as a disconnecting device.
CAUTION
Always use the three-prong AC power cord supplied with this product. Failure
to ensure adequate earth grounding by not using this cord can cause product
damage.
CAUTION
This analyzer has autoranging line voltage input. Be sure the supply voltage
is within the specified range. (Refer to the specifications guide for your
analyzer.)
12
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Table 1-3. AC Power Cords
Chapter 1
13
Installation and Setup
Power Requirements
Battery Information
The analyzer uses a lithium battery to enable the internal memory to retain data. The date
when the battery was installed is on a label on the rear panel of the analyzer. See Figure
1-1.
The minimum life expectancy of the battery is 7 years at 25 °C, or 1 year at 55 °C. If you
experience problems with the battery or the recommended time period for battery
replacement has elapsed, see “Returning an Analyzer for Service” on page 94
If you wish to replace the battery yourself, you can purchase the service documentation
that provides all necessary test and maintenance information.
After replacing the analyzer battery, write the date of battery replacement on the
rear-panel label.
Figure 1-1. Rear-Panel Battery Information Label
You can order the service documentation for Agilent spectrum analyzers through your
Agilent Sales and Service office. The documentation is described under “Options” on
page 69.
NOTE
If the analyzer’s clock does not work, the problem is the battery. See
“Returning an Analyzer for Service” on page 94.
WARNING
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only
with the same or equivalent type recommended. Discard used
batteries according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
14
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time
Turning on the Analyzer for the First Time
❏ Plug in the power cord.
WARNING
If this product is to be energized via an external auto transformer for
voltage reduction, make sure that its common terminal is connected to a
neutral (earthed pole) of the power supply.
CAUTION
The analyzer is shipped with a a transportation disk inserted in the disk
drive to prevent damage to the disk drive during transportation. This
transportation disk, or a blank floppy disk, should be inserted in the disk
drive whenever transporting the analyzer.
NOTE
Do not connect anything else to the analyzer yet.
❏ Choose a power on preference using the switch on the rear panel (refer to Rear-Panel
Features, on page 33, item 14). The PWR ALWAYS ON setting turns the analyzer on
whenever external power is applied. This mode is useful if an external power switch is
used to control a rack of several instruments. Nevertheless, if you set the analyzer to
standby using the front panel Standby key (see Rear-Panel Features, on page 33, item
23) and the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer will
remain in standby.
The PWR NORM setting assigns analyzer on/off control to the front-panel On and Standby
keys (see “Front-Panel Connectors and Keys” on page 26, item 23). If the analyzer is on
and the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the analyzer will
turn on. On the other hand, if the external power is removed and restored after 20
seconds, the analyzer will remain in standby regardless of the front-panel switch
settings.
❏ Press the | (On) key to turn the analyzer on.
Information Screen
An information screen appears during the initialization process. The information screen
contains the analyzer product number and a URL for accessing product support
information on the World Wide Web. See “Additional Information” on page 2.
NOTE
The information screen displays for approximately 10 seconds before the
initialization process is complete.
Record the firmware revision and serial number, and keep it for reference. If
you should ever need to call Agilent Technologies for service or with any
questions regarding your analyzer, it will be helpful to have this information
Chapter 1
15
Installation and Setup
Firmware Revision
readily available. You can also obtain the firmware revision and serial
number by pressing System, More, Show System.
❏ Allow the analyzer to warm-up for 5 minutes before making a calibrated measurement.
To meet its specifications, the analyzer must meet operating temperature conditions.
If the analyzer is an Agilent Technologies E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B,
or E4408B, connect a BNC cable from the AMPTD REF OUT to INPUT 50 Ω using an
adapter. After a 5 minute warm-up, press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
CAUTION
When operating in dc coupled mode on analyzers with Option UKB ensure
protection of the input mixer by limiting the input level to 0 Vdc, +30 dBm.
When operating in ac coupled mode, ensure protection of the input mixer by
limiting the input level to 50 Vdc, +30 dBm.
NOTE
It is normal to hear clicking when the Auto Alignment function is on. See
“Running Internal Alignments” on page 18 for more information.
Why Aren’t All the Personality Options Loaded in Memory?
Many measurement personality options are available for use with this instrument. If the
option is loaded in the instrument, you must also have a license key entered, to use it.
Some versions of instrument hardware my not have enough memory to accommodate all
the options that you have ordered. If this is the case you will need to swap the applications
in/out of memory, as needed. It may also be possible to upgrade your hardware to have
more memory. Contact your local sales/service office.
Using an External Reference
If you wish to use an external 10 MHz source as the reference frequency, connect an
external reference source to the 10 MHz REF IN connector on the rear panel. The signal level
should be greater than –15 dBm.
NOTE
It is not necessary to connect the 10 MHz REF OUT to the 10 MHz REF IN on
the rear of the analyzer. Doing so results in a “Frequency Reference Error”
message.
1. To use an external frequency reference, connect it to the EXT REF IN connector on the
rear panel (see “Rear-Panel Features” on page 33).
Firmware Revision
To view the firmware revision of your analyzer, press System, More, Show System. If you
call Agilent Technologies regarding your analyzer, it is helpful to have this revision and the
analyzer serial number available.
16
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Firmware Revision
TIP
Chapter 1
You can get automatic electronic notification of new firmware releases and
other product updates/information by subscribing to the Agilent Technologies
Test & Measurement E-Mail Notification Service for the PSA and ESA Series
at http://www.agilent.com/find/notifyme
17
Installation and Setup
Running Internal Alignments
Running Internal Alignments
Each time the analyzer is powered on, the internal alignment routine runs automatically.
The analyzer was shipped from the factory with the Alignments mode set to Auto,
Align All.
NOTE
When the Alignment routine runs, you will hear the attenuator settings
changing, which generates noise. This is not an indication of trouble.
Manually Performing an Alignment
If the analyzer is an Agilent Technologies E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, or
E4408B, connect a BNC cable from the AMPTD REF OUT to INPUT 50 Ω using an
adapter. After a 5 minute warm-up, press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
NOTE
It is normal to hear clicking when the Auto Alignment function is on. During
the interval between sweeps, portions of the analyzer’s circuitry are
realigned. Some of the circuitry is controlled by relays. It is the rapid
switching of these relays between sweeps which causes the clicking sound.
Under normal operation, these relays will last over 50 years.
To eliminate the clicking sound, turn off the automatic alignment. (See the
Alignments key description in your User’s guide.”) With Auto Align turned off,
however, the Align Now All function should be performed periodically. For
more information on how often to perform Align Now All when the Auto
Alignment function is off, refer to the appropriate “Specifications and
Characteristics” chapter in your specifications guide.
If Auto Align, Off is selected, refer to the Specifications guide for the conditions required to
maintain calibration.
18
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Printer Setup and Operation
A printer can be connected to your analyzer if it is equipped with an external I/O interface.
Supported printers accept Hewlett-Packard Printer Control Language Level 3 (PCL3) or 5
(PCL5). Refer to the documentation or specifications supplied with your printer, or contact
the manufacturer to identify your printer’s language.
Equipment
• IEEE 1284 compliant printer cable.
• Supported and tested printers are listed below. Note that there are many PCL3/5
printers that may work with your analyzer, however, they have not been tested.
— PCL3 printers include most HP DeskJet printers.
— PCL5 printers include most HP LaserJet printers.
NOTE
The following printers are not compatible with your analyzer.
• HP Deskjet 720C, 722C, 820C and 1600C
• Epson MX-80, FX-85, Stylus, and LQ-570
Printer Models
Language Type
Color Capable
HP DeskJet 310, 320, 350C, 400L
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 500C, 550C, 600, 660C, 672C,
680C, 682C, 690C, 693C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 840C, 850C, 870C, 890C, 895C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 935C, 970C, 990C
PCL3
yes
HP DeskJet 1120C, 1150C
PCL3
yes
HP Inkjet 2000C
PCL 3
yes
HP LaserJet III
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 4P
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 5L, 5M, 5N, 5P, 5SI
PCL3/5
no
PCL5
no
HP LaserJet 2100 Series,
PCL3/5
no
HP LaserJet 4050N
PCL3/5
yes
HP LaserJet 5000GN
PCL3/5
yes
HP Professional Series 2500CM
PCL3
yes
HP Professional Series 2500CM
PCL3
yes
HP LaserJet 6L, 6MP
Chapter 1
19
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Interconnection and Setup
1. Turn off the printer and the analyzer.
2. Connect the printer to the analyzer parallel I/O interface connector using an IEEE 1284
compliant parallel printer cable.
3. If appropriate, configure your printer using configuration menus or switches. Refer to
your printer’s documentation for more specific information on configuring your printer.
4. Turn on the analyzer and printer.
5. Press Print Setup on the front panel and then press the Printer Type menu key. Printer
Type accesses the following keys:
None
None disables the analyzer from attempting to print to a printer. This is
the appropriate setting if no printer is connected to the analyzer.
Custom
Custom allows you to access the Define Custom menu keys. The Define
Custom menu keys allow you to specify printer characteristics such as
PCL Level and printer color capability.
Auto
Auto enables the analyzer to automatically attempt to identify the
connected printer when the Print key is pressed or when Printer Type is
set to Auto.
6. Press Printer Type to access the Printer Type menu keys. Press Auto to make the analyzer
attempt to identify the connected printer. When you press Auto, the analyzer will
respond in one of the three following ways:
• The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the Auto key selected and no new
message will be displayed in the display status line. This indicates that the analyzer
has successfully identified the connected printer and no further setup is required. As
long as Auto remains selected in the Printer Type menu, the analyzer will attempt to
identify the printer when the front panel Print key is pressed. The selected printer
will be displayed by pressing System, More 1 of 3, Show System.
• The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the Custom key selected and one of the
following diagnostic messages will be displayed in the display status line:
Unknown printer, Define Custom to set up printer
No printer response, Define Custom to set up printer
Invalid printer response, Define Custom to set up printer
This indicates that the analyzer was unable to automatically identify the connected
printer, and Custom has been selected in the Printer Type menu. Press Print Setup,
Define Custom to select specific printer characteristics such as the printer language
(PCL3 or PCL5) and color printing capability. Once you have set these characteristics
to match those of your connected printer, the printer setup process is complete. As
long as Custom remains selected in the Printer Type menu, the analyzer will not
attempt to automatically identify the connected printer when the front panel Print
key is pressed.
• The Print Setup menu will be displayed with the None key selected and the following
message will appear in the display status line:
20
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Printer Setup and Operation
Unsupported printer, Printer Type set to None
This indicates that the analyzer has successfully identified the connected printer,
but the printer is not supported by the analyzer. As long as None is selected in the
Printer Type menu, the analyzer will respond to any print command by displaying the
message Printer Type is None in the display status line.
7. Select the desired paper size by pressing Print Setup, More, Page Size, then choose the
appropriate page size for which your printer is configured. This setting will remain
unchanged with Preset or Power Cycle.
The factory default page size is Letter. The page size will be reset to Letter if System,
More, Restore Sys Defaults is executed.
Testing Printer Operation
When you have completed the analyzer’s printer setup, press Print Setup, then press Print
on the front panel. If the printer is ready and the printer setup was successful, a printout
of the analyzer display will be printed. If the printer is not ready, the message Printer
Timeout will appear on the analyzer display. Printer Timeout will remain on the display
until the printer is ready or until you press ESC to cancel the printout request.
NOTE
Chapter 1
There may be some small discrepancies in the color mapping of the analyzer
display to your color printer. Due to differences in display and printer
technologies, the default display colors do not map exactly to the printer
colors. For example trace 1 is yellow on your analyzer display while it maps to
green on your printer.
21
Installation and Setup
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Protecting Against Electrostatic Discharge
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage or destroy electronic components (the possibility
of unseen damage caused by ESD is present whenever components are transported, stored,
or used).
Test Equipment and ESD
To help reduce ESD damage that can occur while using test equipment:
• Before connecting any coaxial cable to an analyzer connector for the first time each day,
momentarily short the center and outer conductors of the cable together.
• Personnel should be grounded with a 1 MΩ resistor-isolated wrist-strap before touching
the center pin of any connector and before removing any assembly from the analyzer.
• Be sure that all instruments are properly earth-grounded to prevent build-up of static
charge.
WARNING
Do not use these first three techniques when working on circuitry
with a voltage potential greater than 500 volts.
• Perform work on all components or assemblies at a static-safe workstation.
• Keep static-generating materials at least one meter away from all components.
• Store or transport components in static-shielding containers.
• Always handle printed circuit board assemblies by the edges. This reduces the
possibility of ESD damage to components and prevent contamination of exposed
plating.
For information on ordering static-safe accessories, see “Accessories” on page 83.
Additional Information about ESD
For more information about ESD and how to prevent ESD damage, contact the
Electrostatic Discharge Association (http://www.esda.org). The ESD standards developed
by this agency are sanctioned by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).
22
Chapter 1
Installation and Setup
Legal Information
Legal Information
WARNING
This is a Safety Class 1 Product (provided with a protective earthing
ground incorporated in the power cord). The mains plug shall be
inserted only in a socket outlet provided with a protective earth
contact. Any interruption of the protective conductor inside or
outside of the product is likely to make the product dangerous.
Intentional interruption is prohibited.
If this product is not used as specified, the protection provided by
the equipment could be impaired. This product must be used in a
normal condition (in which all means for protection are intact) only.
Warranty
This Agilent Technologies instrument product is warranted against defects in material and
workmanship for a period of three years from date of shipment. During the warranty
period, Agilent Technologies Company will, at its option, either repair or replace products
that prove to be defective.
For warranty service or repair, this product must be returned to a service facility
designated by Agilent Technologies. Buyer shall prepay shipping charges to Agilent
Technologies and Agilent Technologies shall pay shipping charges to return the product to
Buyer. However, Buyer shall pay all shipping charges, duties, and taxes for products
returned to Agilent Technologies from another country.
Agilent Technologies warrants that its software and firmware designated by Agilent
Technologies for use with an instrument will execute its programming instructions when
properly installed on that instrument. Agilent Technologies does not warrant that the
operation of the instrument, or software, or firmware will be uninterrupted or error-free.
LIMITATION OF WARRANTY
The foregoing warranty shall not apply to defects resulting from improper or inadequate
maintenance by Buyer, Buyer-supplied software or interfacing, unauthorized modification
or misuse, operation outside of the environmental specifications for the product, or
improper site preparation or maintenance.
NO OTHER WARRANTY IS EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES
SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY
AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
EXCLUSIVE REMEDIES
THE REMEDIES PROVIDED HERIN ARE BUYER’S SOLE AND EXCLUSIVE
REMEDIES. AGILENT TECHNOLOGIES SHALL NOT BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT,
INDIRECT, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, WHETHER
BASED ON CONTRACT, TORT, OR ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY.
Chapter 1
23
Installation and Setup
Legal Information
24
Chapter 1
2 Front and Rear Panel Features
This chapter gives you an overview of the front and rear panels of your
analyzer. For details on analyzer keys and remote programming, refer to the
User’s and Programmer’s Guide. For connector specifications (including
input/output levels), see the Specifications guide.
25
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
2.1 Front Panel Overview
This section provides information on the analyzer’s front panel, including:
• Front Panel Connectors and Keys, see below
• “Display Annotations” on page 30
2.1.1 Front-Panel Connectors and Keys
1
Viewing Angle keys adjust the display so that it can be optimally viewed from
different angles.
2
Esc. The Esc (escape) key cancels any entry in progress. Esc will abort a print (if
one is in progress) and clear error messages from the status line at the bottom
of the display. It also clears input and tracking generator overload conditions.
3
Menu keys are the unlabeled keys next to the screen. The menu key labels are
the annotation on the screen next to the unlabeled keys. Most of the labeled
keys on the analyzer front panel (also called front-panel keys) access menus of
keys having related functions.
4
FREQUENCY Channel, SPAN X Scale, and AMPLITUDE Y Scale are the three large
keys that activate the primary analyzer functions and access menus of related
functions. The secondary labels on these keys (Channel, X Scale, and Y Scale)
are used in some measurements.
5
26
CONTROL functions access menus that adjust the resolution bandwidth, adjust
the sweep time, and control the analyzer display. They also set other analyzer
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
parameters needed for making measurements.
6
MEASURE accesses a menu of keys that automate some common analyzer
measurements. Once a measurement is running, Meas Setup accesses additional
menu keys for defining your measurement. Meas Control and Restart access
additional measurement control functions.
7
SYSTEM functions affect the state of the entire analyzer.
Various setup and alignment routines are accessed with the System key.
The green Preset key resets the analyzer to a known state.
The File key menu saves/loads setups, traces, states, limit-line tables,
screens, measurement results, and amplitude correction factors to or from
analyzer memory or the floppy disk drive. The Save key immediately
executes the Save Now function defined under File in your User’s guide.
The Print Setup menu keys configure hardcopy outputs. The Print key
immediately sends hardcopy data to the printer. See your User’s guide for
more details.
8
MARKER functions control the markers, read out frequencies and amplitudes
along the analyzer trace, automatically locate the signals of highest amplitude,
and access functions like Marker Noise and Band Power.
9
The Media Door on the right side of the front panel accesses the 3.5 inch disk
drive and the Earphone connector. The earphone connector provides a
connection for an earphone jack which bypasses the internal speaker.
10
The Data Control Keys, which include the step keys, knob, and numeric
keypad, change the numeric value of an active function such as center
frequency, start frequency, resolution bandwidth, and marker position.
The data controls will change the active function in a manner prescribed by
that function. For example, you can change center frequency in fine steps with
the knob, in discrete steps with the step keys, or to an exact (1 Hz resolution)
value with the numeric keypad.
The Knob provides fine incremental changes of functions such as center
frequency, reference level, and marker position. Clockwise rotation of the
knob increases values. The extent of alteration is determined by the size of
the measurement range. The speed at which the knob is turned affects the
rate at which the values are changed.
For slow sweeps, the analyzer uses a smooth panning feature which is
designed to move the trace display to the latest function value as the knob is
turned. When center, stop or, start frequency or reference level is adjusted,
the signal will shift right or left or up or down with the rotation of the knob
before a new sweep is actually taken. An asterisk is placed in the message
block (the upper right-hand corner of the analyzer display) to indicate that
the data on the screen does not reflect data at the current setting.
The Numeric Keypad allows entry of exact values for many of the analyzer
functions. You may include a decimal point in the number portion. If not, the
decimal point is placed at the end of the number.
Numeric entries must be terminated with a units key. When a numeric entry
is begun, the menu keys show the units key labels. The units keys change
depending on what the active function is. For example, the units keys for
Chapter 2
27
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
frequency span are GHz, MHz, kHz, and Hz, whereas the units for reference
level are +dBm, −dBm, mV, µV, and µA.
NOTE If an entry from the numeric keypad does not coincide with an allowed function
value (for example, that of a 12 MHz bandwidth), the analyzer
defaults to the nearest allowable value.
The Step Keys (⇓ ⇑) increase or decrease the active function value. The step
size depends upon the current analyzer measurement. Each press results in
a single step change. For those parameters with fixed values (resolution
bandwidth), the next value in a sequence is selected each time a step key is
pressed. Step size is predictable (e.g., 10% of span for center frequency) and
can be set for some functions (i.e., center frequency). Out-of-range values or
out-of-sequence values will not occur using these keys.
11
VOLUME. The VOLUME knob adjusts the volume of the internal speaker. The
speaker is turned on and off with the Speaker On Off key in the Det/Demod menu.
12
EXT KEYBOARD. The EXT KEYBOARD connector is a 6-pin mini-DIN connector.
The keyboard can be used to enter screen titles and filenames.
NOTE
13
To avoid damage to the analyzer, always turn off power before plugging a keyboard
into the analyzer.
PROBE POWER provides power for high-impedance ac probes or other
accessories. (+15 V, −12.6 V, 150 mA maximum)
14
LO OUTPUT provides the proper local oscillator signal for use with external
mixers (Option AYZ).
15
IF INPUT connects to the IF OUTPUT of the external mixer (Option AYZ).
16
Return. The Return key accesses the previously selected menu. Continuing to
press Return accesses earlier menus. Return also terminates entry of alpha
numeric functions (e.g., Title).
17
AMPTD REF OUT provides an amplitude reference signal of 50 MHz at –20 dBm.
Agilent ESA models E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B
only.
18
Tab Keys are used to move around in the Limit editor, the Correction editor and
similar table-driven forms.
19
INPUT 50Ω (INPUT 75Ω for Option 1DP) is the signal input for the analyzer.
CAUTIONWhen operating in dc coupled mode on analyzers with Option UKB,
ensure protection of the input mixer by limiting the input level to
0 Vdc, +30 dBm.
When operating in ac coupled mode, ensure protection of the
input mixer by limiting the input level to 50 Vdc, +30 dBm.
20
28
The Next Window key can be used to select the active window in functions which
support split-screen display modes, such as Zone markers. (Refer to “Zone” in
the User’s guide for more information.) In such modes, pressing Zoom switches
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
between the split-screen and full-sized display of the active window.
Help. Press the Help key and then any front panel or menu key to get a short
21
description of the key function and the associated SCPI command. The next key
you press will remove the help window from the display.
RF OUT 50Ω for Option 1DN or RF OUT 75Ω (for Option 1DQ) is the source
22
output for the built-in tracking generator. Option 1DN or 1DQ only.
CAUTION If the tracking generator output power is too high, it may damage the device under
test. Do not exceed the maximum power that the device under
test can tolerate.
The | (On) key turns the analyzer on, while the Standby key turns most of the
analyzer off. An analyzer alignment is performed (if Auto Align is on) every time
the analyzer is turned on. After turning on the analyzer, allow 5 minutes of
warm-up time to ensure the analyzer will meet all specifications.
23
NOTE
Chapter 2
The analyzer continues to draw power even if the line power switch is in standby.
The detachable power cord is the analyzer disconnecting device.
It disconnects the mains circuits from the mains supply before
other parts of the analyzer. The front-panel switch is only a
standby switch and is not a LINE switch (disconnecting device).
29
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
2.1.2 Display Annotations
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
1a
Detector mode
Detector
2
Reference level
Ref Level
3
Active function block
Refer to the description of the activated
function.
4
Screen title
Change Title
5
Time and date display
Time/Date On Off
6a,b
RF attenuation
Attenuation Auto Man
7
Marker frequency
Marker or
Marker Count On Off
8
30
Marker amplitude
Marker
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation (Continued)
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
9
GPIB annunciators
See programming documentation.
R - remote operation
L - GPIB listen
T - GPIB talk
S - GPIB SRQ
10c
Data invalid indicator
Sweep (Single) or View/Trace
11
Status Informational messages
See your Instrument Messages and
Functional Tests manual for more
information.
12
Key menu title
Dependent on key selection.
13
Key menu
See key label descriptions in the User’s
guide for more information.
14
Frequency span or stop frequency
Span or Stop Freq
15a
Sweep time/Points
Sweep Time Auto Man, Sweep Points
16a
Video bandwidth
Video BW Auto Man
17
Frequency offset
Freq Offset
18
Display status line
Displays analyzer status and error
messages. Cleared by pressing Esc key. See
your User’s guide for more information.
19a
Resolution bandwidth
Resolution BW Auto Man
20
Center frequency or start frequency
Center Freq or Start Freq
21
Signal track
Frequency, Signal Track
22
Internal preamp
Amplitude, Int Preamp
23d
Auto alignment routine is on
Auto Align
24
Amplitude corrections are on (This
indicates that the overall correction state
is On. There may be any or none of the
individual corrections On.)
Correction On Off
Chapter 2
31
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front Panel Overview
Table 2-1
Screen Annotation (Continued)
Item
Description
Associated Function Key
25
Trigger/Sweep
Trig, Sweep
F - free-run trigger
L - line trigger
V - video trigger
E - external (front) trigger
T - TV trigger (Options BAA, B7B only)
B - RF burst trigger (Opt B7E only)
C - continuous sweep
S - single sweep
26
Trace mode
Trace
W - clear write
M - maximum hold
m - minimum hold
V - view
S - store blank
1 - trace 1
2 - trace 2
2 - trace 3
27
Average
Average On Off
VAvg indicates video average on. PAvg
indicates power average on.
28
Display line
Display Line On Off
29
Amplitude offset
Ref Lvl Offst
30
Amplitude scale
Scale Type Log Lin
a. A # in front of any display annotation indicates that the function is uncoupled. (Refer to
your User’s guide)
b. When the analyzer is set to the external mixer state (Option AYZ), item 6 changes to
display Ext Mix in place of Atten XdB. In addition, if Mixer Bias is on, a +I or −I is
appended to Ext Mix.
c. When the (*) is displayed, it means that some or all trace data may not match the
annotation due to possible changes in analyzer settings.
d. AA indicates that auto alignment of all analyzer parameters, except the tracking
generator and FM demodulation options, will occur. AB indicates that auto alignment of
all analyzer functions except the RF section (and tracking generator and FM
demodulation options) will occur. No indicator will appear if auto alignment is off.
32
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
2.2 Rear-Panel Features
1
Power input is the input for the ac line power source. Make sure that the
line-power source outlet has a protective ground contact.
2
DC Power is the input for the dc power source. Refer to the “Power
Requirements” section in the specifications guide for your analyzer.
CAUTION AC line power and dc power should not be plugged in simultaneously.
3
Line Fuse. The fuse is removed by twisting counterclockwise 1/4 turn. Replace
only with a fuse of the same rating. See the label on the rear panel.
4
Service Connector. The service connector is for service use only.
5
Inputs/Outputs (Refer to the specifications guide for more information.)
5a
VGA OUTPUT drives an external VGA compatible monitor with
a signal that has 31.5 kHz horizontal, 60 Hz vertical
synchronizing rate, non-interlaced.
Chapter 2
5b
GATE/HI SWP OUT (TTL) is high when the analyzer is sweeping
or when Gate (Option 1D6) is active.
5c
GATE TRIG/EXT TRIG IN (TTL)
accepts the positive edge of an
33
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
external voltage input that triggers the analyzer internal
sweep source or the gate function (Time Gate, Option 1D6).
Table 2-6. and Table 2-7. show the appropriate rear panel slots to be used for the optional cards
available with the Agilent ESA Spectrum Analyzers. Refer to Table 2-6. if you have an Agilent
ESA-L Series Spectrum Analyzer. Refer to Table 2-7. if you have an Agilent ESA-E Series
Spectrum Analyzer.
(P) = Preferred Card Slot
(A) = Acceptable Card Slot
(–) = Unacceptable Card Slot
Table 2-2
Agilent ESA-L Series (E4403B, E4408B, E4411B)
Slot #
1
2
5
6
GPIB and Parallel (Option A4H)
P
A
–
–
Serial and Parallel Interface (Option 1AX)
P
A
–
–
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J)
–
–
P
–
–
–
P
Frequency Extensiona
a. The Frequency Extension Assembly comes standard with the Agilent
E4408B.
Table 2-3
Agilent ESA-E Series (E4401B, E4402B, E4404B, E4405B,
E4407B)
Slot #
1a
GPIB and Parallel Interface (Option A4H)b
P
RS-232 and Parallel Interface (Option 1AX)b
2
3
4
5
6
A
A
A
–
–
P
A
A
A
–
–
Fast Time Domain Sweeps (Option AYX)c
–
A
P
A
–
–
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J)c
A
A
A
A
P
A
FM Demodulation (Option BAA)d
–
A
P
A
A
A
Noise Figure (Option 219)
A
A
P
A
–
–
Frequency Extensione
–
A
A
A
A
P
Digital Signal Procession and Fast ADC
(Option B7D)
–
–
–
P
–
–
RF Communications Hardware (Option B7E)
–
–
–
–
P
–
ACPR Dynamic Range Extension (Option 120)
–
P
A
A
A
A
Bluetooth f FM Demodulation (Option 106)d,g
–
A
P
A
A
A
a. Some cards may not be installed due to mechanical interference.
b. Only one optional remote interface (Option A4H or Option 1AX) can be
installed at a time.
34
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
c. Only one IF and Sweep Port option (Option A4J or Option AYX) can be
installed at a time.
d. Only one demod option (Option BAA or Option 106) can be installed at a
time.
e. The Frequency Extension Assembly comes standard with the Agilent
E4404B, E4405B and E4407B.
f. Bluetooth is a trademark owned by its proprietor and used by Agilent
Technologies under license.
g. Option 106 is required to make measurements in Bluetooth™ Measurement
Personality (Option 228)
6
GPIB and parallel interface (Option A4H) is an optional interface. GPIB
supports remote analyzer operation. A parallel port is included for printing
only.
7
RS-232 and parallel interface (Option 1AX) is an optional interface. RS-232
supports remote analyzer operation. A parallel port is included for printing
only.
NOTE
Printing is only supported from the parallel port.
IF, Video, and Sweep Ports (Option A4J or Option AYX): (Refer to the
specifications guide for more information.)
8
SWP OUT provides a voltage ramp corresponding to the sweep of the
analyzer (0 V to 10 V).
HI SWP IN (TTL) can be grounded to stop and reset the sweep. Once the sweep
has been stopped, removing the ground will trigger the start of a new sweep.
HI SWP OUT (TTL) is high when the analyzer is sweeping.
AUX VIDEO OUT provides detected video output (before the analog-to-digital
conversion) proportional to vertical deflection of the trace. Output is from 0
V to 1 V. Amplitude-correction factors are not applied to this signal.
AUX IF OUT is a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output that is the down-converted signal
of the RF input of the analyzer. Amplitude-correction factors are not applied
to this signal. This output is taken after the resolution bandwidth filters and
step gains and before the log amplifier.
NOTE Only one IF and Sweep Port option (Option A4J or Option AYX) can be installed at
a time.
9
FM Demod (Option BAA) demodulates, displays, and measures deviation on
FM signals. You can listen to audio signals on a built-in speaker or with an
earphone. Refer to “Det/Demod” and “FM Demodulation (Option BAA)” in the
Options chapter for more information.
Bluetooth FM Demodulation (Option 106) demodulates, displays and measures
deviation on Bluetooth signals. Refer to “Det/Demod” and “Bluetooth FM
Demodulation (Option 106)” in the Options chapter for more information.
10
Chapter 2
Frequency Extension Assembly controls the microwave front-end
components in the Agilent E4404B, E4405B, E4407B, and E4408B.
35
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
PRESEL TUNE OUTPUT provides a signal to control external preselected mixers if
External Mixing (Option AYZ) is installed.
11
Card Slot Identification Numbers. Refer to Table 2-6. and Table 2-7. for
card slot versus option card compatibility information.
12
10 MHz REF IN accepts an external frequency source to provide the 10 MHz, −15
to +10 dBm as a timebase.
NOTE
13
It is not necessary to connect the 10 MHz REF OUT to the 10 MHz REF IN on the
rear panel of the analyzer. Doing so will result in a Frequency
Reference Error message.
10 MHz REF OUT provides a 10 MHz, 0 dBm minimum, timebase reference
signal.
14
Power On Selection selects an analyzer power preference.
The PWR ALWAYS ON setting turns the analyzer on whenever external power
is applied. This mode is useful if an external power switch is used to control
a rack of several instruments. Nevertheless, if you set the analyzer to
standby using the front panel Standby key (see Figure 2-1. on page 22, item
23) and the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the
analyzer will remain in standby.
Power Always On
Analyzer state before removing
power
A lapse in power
< 20 sec.
A lapse in power
> 20 sec.
On
On
On
Standby
Standby
On
The PWR NORM setting assigns analyzer on/off control to the front-panel On
and Standby keys (see Figure 2-1. on page 22, item 23). If the analyzer is on
and the external power is removed and restored within 20 seconds, the
analyzer will turn on. On the other hand, if the external power is removed
and restored after 20 seconds, the analyzer will remain in standby
regardless of the front panel switch settings.
Power Norm
Analyzer state before removing
power
36
A lapse in power
< 20 sec.
A lapse in power
> 20 sec.
On
On
Standby
Standby
Standby
Standby
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Rear-Panel Features
15
DC Fuse protects the analyzer from drawing too much dc power. Replace only
with a fuse of the same rating. See the label on the rear panel.
Chapter 2
37
Front and Rear Panel Features
Key Overview
2.3 Key Overview
The keys labeled FREQUENCY Channel, System, and Marker are all examples of front-panel keys.
The front-panel keys are dark gray, light gray, green, or white in color. Front-panel keys that are
white perform an immediate action rather than bringing up a menu. The only green key is the
Preset key, which performs an analyzer reset (A summary of all front panel keys and their related
menu keys can be found in user’s guide for your analyzer). Pressing most of the dark or light gray
front-panel keys accesses menus of functions that are displayed along the right side of the
display. These are called menu keys.
Menu keys list functions other than those accessed directly by the front panel keys. To activate a
menu key function, press the key immediately to the right of the annotation on the screen. The
menu keys that are displayed depend on which front-panel key is pressed and which menu level
is enabled.
If a menu key function’s value can be changed, it is called an active function. The function label of
the active function is highlighted after that key has been selected. For example, press AMPLITUDE
Y Scale. This calls up the menu of related amplitude functions. Note the function labeled Ref Level
(the default selected key in the Amplitude menu) is highlighted. Ref Level also appears in the
active function block, indicating that it is the active amplitude function and can now be changed
using any of the data entry controls.
A menu key with On and Off in its label can be used to turn the menu key’s function on or off. To
turn the function on, press the menu key so that On is underlined. To turn the function off, press
the menu key so that Off is underlined. In the manual, when On should be underlined, it will be
indicated as Function (On).
A function with Auto and Man in the label can either be auto-coupled or have its value manually
changed. The value of the function can be changed manually using the numeric keypad, knob, or
step keys. To auto-couple a function, press the menu key so that Auto is underlined. In the
manual, when Auto should be underlined, it will be indicated as Function (Auto).
In some key menus, one key label will always be highlighted to show which key has been selected.
For example, when you press Marker, you will access a menu of keys in which some of the keys are
grouped together by a blue bar (on analyzers with a color display) on the left side of the menu.
The Normal key, which is the Marker menu default key, will be highlighted. When you press
another key within the blue bar region, such as Delta, the highlight will move to that key to show
it has been selected.
38
Chapter 2
Front and Rear Panel Features
Key Overview
In other key menus, one key label will always be highlighted to show which key has been selected
but the menu is immediately exited when a selection is made. For example, when you press the
Orientation key (on the Print Setup menu), it will bring up its own menu of keys. The Portrait key,
which is the Orientation menu default key, will be highlighted. When you press the Landscape
key, the highlight will move to that key to show it has been selected and the screen will return to
the Print Setup menu.
The arrow keys located below the analyzer display (sometimes referred to as Tab keys) can be
used to navigate within tables, for example the Limit-Line table. These keys are used to move
between rows. The Left-arrow key moves up, while the right-arrow key moves down. While
navigating through the table, the cursor (inverse video highlight) stays in the same column.
Navigating left or right in the table is accomplished by choosing the desired field using the
front-panel keys.
Chapter 2
39
Front and Rear Panel Features
Front and Rear Panel Symbols
2.4 Front and Rear Panel Symbols
This symbol is used to indicate power ON.
This symbol is used to indicate power STANDBY mode.
This symbol indicates the input power required is AC.
The instruction documentation symbol. The product is marked with this symbol
when it is necessary for the user to refer to instructions in the documentation.
The CE mark is a registered trademark of the European Community.
The C-Tick mark is a registered trademark of the Australian Spectrum
Management Agency.
This is a symbol of an Industrial Scientific and Medical Group 1 Class A
product.
The CSA mark is a registered trademark of the Canadian Standards
Association.
40
Chapter 2
3 Making a Basic Measurement
This chapter provides information on basic analyzer operation. For more information on
making measurements, see the measurement guide for your analyzer.
41
Making a Basic Measurement
This chapter is divided into the following sections:
• “Using the Front Panel” on page 43
• “Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer” on page 44
• “Viewing a Signal” on page 45
CAUTION
Ensure that the total power of all signals at the analyzer input does not
exceed +30 dBm (1 watt).
Basic Assumption
The material in this chapter is presented with the assumption that you understand the
front and rear panel layout, and display annotations of your analyzer. If you do not, refer
to “Front and Rear Panel Features” on page 25.
NOTE
42
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer
models, you may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Using the Front Panel
Using the Front Panel
Entering Data
When setting measurement parameters, there are several ways to enter or modify the
value of the active function:
Knob
Increments or decrements the current value.
Arrow Keys
Increments or decrements the current value.
Numeric Keypad Enters a specific value. Then press the desired terminator (either
a unit softkey, or the Enter key).
Unit Softkeys
Terminate a value that requires a unit-of-measurement.
Enter Key
Terminates an entry when either no unit of measure is needed, or
you want to use the default unit.
Using Menu Keys
Menu Keys (which appear along the right side of the display) provide access to many
analyzer functions. Here are examples of menu key types:
Toggle
Allows you to activate/deactivate states.
Example:
Submenu
Toggles the selection (underlined choice)
Signal Track
each time you press the key.
On
Off
Displays a new menu of softkeys.
Example:
Catalog
Choice
Allows you to make a selection from a list of values.
Example:
Adjust
A submenu key allows you to view a new
menu of softkeys related to the submenu
key category.
Y Axis Units
dBm
A choice key displays the currently selected
submenu choice, in this example, dBm.
When the choice is made, the submenu
automatically returns.
Highlights the softkey and sets the active function.
Examples:
CF Step
13.2550000 GHz
Press this type of key and enter a value.
Attenuation The default for softkeys with an automatic
10.00 dB (Auto) or manual (Man) choice is automatic.
Auto
Man After you enter a value, the selection
changes to manual. You can also press the
softkey twice to change to manual.
Chapter 3
43
Making a Basic Measurement
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer
Presetting the Spectrum Analyzer
Preset provides a known starting point for making measurements. The analyzer has
three types of preset:
Factory Preset
Restores the analyzer to its factory-defined state.
User Preset
Restores the analyzer to a user-defined state.
Mode Preset
This type of preset restores the currently selected mode to a known
state.
For details, see the User’s/Programmer’s manual.
When Preset Type is set to Factory, pressing the green Preset key triggers a factory
preset. When Preset Type is set to User, pressing Preset displays the softkeys Factory
Preset, User Preset, and Mode Preset (if applicable); you then select the preset you want.
If Preset Type is set to Mode, but a personality is not installed, pressing Preset triggers a
factory preset.
Creating a User Preset
If you constantly use settings which are not the factory defaults, use the following steps
to create a user-defined preset:
1. Set analyzer parameters as desired.
2. Press System, Power On/Preset, Save User Preset to set the current parameters as the
user preset state.
3. Press Preset to select User in the same softkey menu to enable user preset as an
option.
Disabling User Preset
Go to the Power On/Preset menu (press System, Power On/Preset) and select a Preset Type
of Factory or Mode.
44
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Viewing a Signal
1. Press Preset. If the softkeys Factory Preset and User Preset appear, select
Factory Preset.
2. Connect the analyzer’s rear panel 10 MHz REF OUT to the front-panel input.
Setting Reference Level and Center Frequency
The display examples in this section are made using various analyzer
models, you may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
NOTE
3. Set the reference level to 10 dBm: Press AMPLITUDE, 10, dBm.
4. Set the center frequency to 30 MHz: Press FREQUENCY, Center Freq, 30, MHz.
The 10 MHz reference signal spectrum appears on the display, as shown in
Figure 3-1.
NOTE
Chapter 3
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer
models, you may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
45
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Figure 3-1
10 MHz Internal Reference Signal and Associated Spectrum
10 MHz Peak
Setting Frequency Span
5. Set the frequency span to 50 MHz: Press SPAN, 5, 0, MHz.
This displays the signal as shown in Figure 3-2.
46
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Figure 3-2
Span Changed to 50 MHz
10 MHz Peak
Reading Frequency & Amplitude
6. Place a marker (labeled 1) on the 10 MHz peak, as shown in Figure 3-3.
Press Peak Search.
Note that the frequency and amplitude of the marker appear both in the active
function block, and in the upper-right corner of the screen. You can use the knob, the
arrow keys, or the softkeys in the Peak Search menu to move the marker. Pressing
Esc removes the value from the display.
7. If you have moved the marker, return it to the peak of the 10 MHz signal.
Changing Reference Level
8. Press AMPLITUDE, and note that reference level (Ref Level) is now the active function.
Press Marker ➞, Mkr ➞ Ref Lvl.
Note that changing the reference level changes the amplitude value of the top
graticule line.
Figure 3-4 shows the relationship between center frequency and reference level. The
box represents the analyzer display. Changing the center frequency changes the
horizontal placement of the signal on the display. Changing the reference level
changes the vertical placement of the signal on the display. Increasing the span
increases the frequency range that appears horizontally across the display.
Chapter 3
47
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Figure 3-3
A Marker on the 10 MHz Peak
Active function block
Figure 3-4
48
Marker Annotation
Relationship Between Frequency and Amplitude
Chapter 3
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
Improving Frequency Accuracy
9. While not all of the zeros following the decimal in the active function block are
significant, the numbers after the decimal in the marker annotation (upper-right
corner of screen) are significant. To increase the accuracy of the frequency reading in
the marker annotation, turn on the frequency count function.
a. Press Mkr Fctn.
• The Marker Fctn softkeys appear.
b. Press Marker Count.
• The Marker Count softkeys appear.
10.While not all of the zeros following the decimal in the active function block are
significant, the numbers after the decimal in the marker annotation (upper-right
corner of screen) are significant. To improve the accuracy of the frequency reading in
the marker annotation, turn on the frequency count function by pressing Freq Count.
11.Note softkey Marker Count On Off. If Off is underlined, press the softkey to toggle
marker count on.
As shown in Figure 3-5:
• The marker annotation changes from Mkr1 to Cntr1.
• The displayed resolution in the marker annotation improves.
NOTE
When you use the frequency count function, if the ratio of the resolution
bandwidth to the span is less than 0.002, the following message
appears on the display: Marker Count: Widen Res BW
This indicates that the resolution bandwidth is too narrow.
12.Press Marker ➞, Mkr ➞ CF to move the 10 MHz peak to the center of the display.
Valid Marker Count Range
13.Move the marker down the skirt of the 10 MHz peak. Note that although the readout
in the active function changes, as long as the marker is at least 26 dB above the noise,
the counted value (upper-right corner of display) does not change (see Figure 3-6). For
an accurate count, the marker does not have to be at the exact peak.
NOTE
Marker count functions properly only on CW signals or discrete peaks.
For a valid reading, the marker must be ≥26 dB above the noise.
14.Press BW/Avg, Res BW, then enter a new value. This action makes the resolution
bandwidth the active function and allows you to experiment with different resolution
bandwidth (RBW) values.
15.Press Marker, Off to turn the marker off.
Chapter 3
49
Making a Basic Measurement
Viewing a Signal
NOTE
After properly setting the analyzer to display your signal, you can save
the settings as either a user preset (press System, Power On/Preset, Save
User Preset), or a file (see “Saving a File” on page 57).
Figure 3-5
Increasing Marker Frequency Accuracy
Frequency Count
increases accuracy
Figure 3-6
50
Using Marker Counter
Chapter 3
4 Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
51
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
The analyzer stores and retrieves data similarly to the way that a personal computer (PC)
does: both have internal storage and a floppy disk drive. While a PC has an internal drive,
the analyzer’s internal storage is nonvolatile (flash) memory, which acts as an internal
drive. As with a PC, both the internal storage and the floppy disk drive have directory and
sub-directory capability; in the analyzer, directories and subdirectories are called catalogs.
This chapter tells you how to:
• locate catalogs and view files, on page 53.
• save a file, on page 57.
For more information on catalogs and files, see the Measurement guide.
52
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
File Menu Functions
This chapter describes how to use the functions located under the front-panel File key. Data
storage and retrieval are handled similarly to that of personal computers (PCs). Like PCs,
these analyzers include an internal storage drive and a floppy disk drive, both of which
have directory and sub-directory capability.
NOTE
The descriptions in this section assume the analyzer has firmware revision
A.04.00 or later. The file menu functions in earlier firmware are different. If
you would like to upgrade your analyzer to the latest firmware revision,
please visit the following web site:
http://www.agilent.com/find/esa
You will learn how to do all of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
locate and view files in the catalog
create a directory
format a floppy disk
save a file
load a file
rename a file
copy a file
delete a file
NOTE
The display examples in this book are made using various analyzer models,
you may see some variations depending upon your analyzer.
Locating and viewing files in the catalog
Techniques for locating files and directories are consistent throughout the various file
menu functions. Although this section provides specific information about navigation in
the catalog, you may wish to refer back to this section when performing other operations of
the file menu.
The analyzer has three default catalogs (directories):
• State, which stores analyzer settings.
• Trace, which stores trace information.
• Screen, which stores screen captures of the display in .gif or .wmf format.
NOTE
Chapter 4
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into
other applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications,
for example Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as
.gif or .wmf formats using Screen for your file Type.
53
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
Press File, Catalog to bring up a screen display as shown in Figure 4-1.
Figure 4-1. Catalog Menu
NOTE
Use the front-panel Step Keys or Knob and the Dir Up or Dir Select keys to
move up and down within the directory information box.
1. The entry fields show the parameters for the files viewed. Entry fields that are being
modified or are modifiable are indicated by highlighting (inverse video). Each file menu
function has its own unique set of entry fields pertaining to that function. Below are the
fields listed under the catalog key:
a. Name: field states the filename.
b. Show Type: field displays the type of files viewed.
c. Path: field displays the drive and directory location of the files.
2. The directory information box displays the drives, directories, and/or files currently
described in the entry fields. Highlighting a row of information selects that location and
updates the entry fields. There are four column headings in this area of the display.
They are described as follows:
a. Name: column states the drive ([-A-] or [-C-]) if at the top level on the drive,
directory name, or filename.
54
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
b. Type: column displays the extension of the filename, for example, .SET, .STA,
.TRC. Directories are displayed as DIR and drives have nothing listed under Type:.
They are only designated by the Name: column ([-A-] or [-C-]).
c. Size: column displays the size of the file in bytes.
d. Modified: column displays the date and time the last change occurred.
3. The softkey menu has four options:
a. Type: allows you to choose the type of file you wish to view. (You may view all types by
using the All key under Type.)
b. Sort: Under the Sort key, you can sort by any of the four columns and you can choose
up (ascending) or down (descending).
c. Dir Up: moves you up one directory level. If you are already at the top level, this key
moves you up to the drive level, displaying the available disk drives.
d. Dir Select: moves you down into the highlighted directory or up into the next level
(directory or drive) if the “. .” under the Name: column is highlighted.
NOTE
Navigation keys: Use the front-panel Step Keys or Knob and the Dir Up or Dir
Select keys to move around in the directory information box.
4. The drive space line shows the number of bytes used on the drive and the number of
bytes still free on the drive.
Creating a directory
Directories and sub-directories can be created on both the A: floppy disc and the internal
C: drive. This allows maximum flexibility in organizing files. For this example, we will
create a directory on the C: drive.
1. Press File, More 1 of 2, Create Dir. Your screen should look similar to Figure 4-1, except
the entry fields will be Dir Name: and Path: and the Heading will read: Directories.
2. Navigate through the file system until the Path: field displays C:\. (Use the Step Keys,
Knob, Dir Up, and/or Dir Select keys.)
3. Press Name and enter the name, “START” using the Alpha Editor. (The numeric keypad
is also available for the filename.) Press Enter (hardkey) when the Dir Name: field
contains this directory title. (Use the Bk Sp hardkey on the front panel to make
corrections.)
4. Press Create Dir Now to execute the operation. The message: Creating Directory
appears on the screen. Then the status bar displays: Directory C:\START created.
5. To make a sub-directory, scroll down to the START directory you just created and press
Dir Select. The Path: field should now read: C:\START\. Repeat Steps 3 and 4 above,
using a new name. The status bar now should read: Directory C:\START\new name
created.
Chapter 4
55
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
File Menu Functions
Formatting a Floppy Disk
You can format a floppy disk in the analyzer. The format is MS-DOS1. Note that it is not
necessary to format your floppy disk with the analyzer; preformatted disks can be used
with the analyzer.
1. Place the 1.44-MB disk you wish to format into the floppy drive (A:\) of the analyzer.
Only 1.44-MB floppy disks are supported by the analyzer. Therefore, 720-kB floppy
disks will not work reliably.
2. Access the Format key by pressing File, More, and then Format. The directory information
box is active (highlighted), however, only the floppy disk volume [-A-] is shown on the
display.
The directory information box displays all files present on the floppy disk inserted in
drive “A:”. If you have not inserted a disk into drive “A:”, or the disk you are attempting
to format has no pre-existing formatting, the error message: bad, missing, or
unformatted disk is displayed in the status line.
3. Press Format Now. The following message appears in the display window: WARNING: You
are about to destroy ALL data on Volume A:. Press Format Now again to
proceed or any other key to abort. To abort disk format, press any key but Format
Now. When a disk is formatted, all data on the disk is destroyed.
4. Press Format Now a second time to format the disk. You will see the message:
Formatting Disk in the display window. Pressing any other key after receiving the
warning in step 3 on page 56, will abort the formatting process. See Figure 4-2. The
format process takes approximately three minutes.
Figure 4-2. Format Menu
5. When formatting is complete, a message, Volume A: formatted appears on the status
line. The disk is now ready to save files.
1. MS-DOS is a U.S. registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
56
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Saving a File
You can save files (setups, states, traces, limits, corrections, measurement results, or
screens) to a floppy disk (A:\), or the internal drive (C:\). In this example you will save a
trace to the internal C: drive.
NOTE
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into
other applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications,
for example Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as
.gif or .wmf formats using Screen for your file Type.
Step 1. Set up the analyzer trace
1. Perform a factory preset by pressing Preset, Factory Preset (if present).
2. Turn on the internal 50 MHz alignment signal of the analyzer as follows:
• For the Agilent E4401B and E4411B, use the internal 50 MHz alignment signal of
the analyzer as the signal being measured. Press Input/Output, Amptd Ref (On).
• For all other models connect a cable between the front-panel AMPTD REF OUT to
the analyzer INPUT, then press Input/Output, Amptd Ref Out (On).
3. Set the center frequency to 50 MHz by pressing press FREQUENCY, Center Freq, 50, MHz.
4. Set the span to 75 MHz by pressing SPAN, Span, 75, MHz. The reference signal will
appear on the display.
5. View trace 1 and put it into maximum hold by pressing View/Trace, Max Hold. (Trace 1
should already by underlined, but if not, press Trace 1 2 3 until 1 is underlined and then
press Max Hold.) Your analyzer display should look similar to Figure 4-3.
Chapter 4
57
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Figure 4-3. Viewing Trace 1
6. Activate trace 2 and put it into minimum hold by pressing Trace (2), Min Hold. Your
analyzer display should look similar to Figure 4-4.
Figure 4-4. Viewing Traces 1 and 2
7. Activate trace 3 by pressing Trace (3), Clear Write. Your analyzer display should look
similar to Figure 4-5.
58
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Figure 4-5. Viewing Traces 1, 2, and 3
Step 2. Save the file
1. To access the Save menu, press, File, Save.
2. Select the type of file you want to save. In this example you are saving a trace; press
Type, Trace.
NOTE
Trace files are not bitmap files. Files saved as Trace cannot be imported into
other applications or converted. If you require the use of other applications,
for example Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel, be sure to save your files as
.gif or .wmf formats using Screen for your file Type.
3. Select the trace you wish to save (1, 2, 3, or all traces). In this example you will save
trace 3; press Source (softkey), Trace 3.
4. Select the format you wish to use for saving the trace, either trace plus state
(Trace + State) or comma separated value (CSV). In this example you will save as trace
plus state; press Format, Trace + State.
5. Enter a filename by pressing Name. The Alpha Editor appears. For this example you
will name the file, “TEST1”. (The numeric keypad is also available for the filename.)
Note that the file extension is always set by the system and for this file type the
extension is TRC. You must now press the Enter (hardkey) to get back to the Save menu.
NOTE
Chapter 4
You need to use a filename that does not already exist in the current
directory. The filename is limited to eight characters, alpha (A-Z) or numeric
(0-9) in any combination. The analyzer will not allow you to overwrite an
59
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
existing file. If you select a filename that already exists, the status bar will
display the message: File already exists. If you do not choose a filename,
the analyzer will automatically generate a name based on the type of file you
are saving (Setup: SETUP, State: STATE, Trace: TRACE, Limits: LIMIT,
Corrections: COREC, Screen: SCREN). It also generates a three digit integer
(starting at 000 and extending through 999, remembering the previously
saved value through a power cycle) which it adds to the name, for example:
TRACE056.TRC. Also note that this three digit integer increments upon each
attempted save until a unique filename is created, without regard to the
success of the save.
6. The destination for the saved file is shown in the Path: field. In this example, you will
select the path as C:\START\. If the correct location is not listed in the Path: field,
change directories as follows:
a. Press Dir Up or Dir Select and use the step keys or knob, to highlight the desired
destination directory.
b. Press Dir Select and confirm your choice displayed in the Path: field.
7. Press Save Now or Save (hardkey) to save the file to the C:\Start\ location. The
message Saving Now is displayed during this operation. For this example, the status
line displays: C:\START\TEST1.TRC file saved.
NOTE
60
When saving to drive (A:), never remove the floppy disk during the save
operation. To do so could corrupt all data on the floppy disk.
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Loading a file
1. Reset the analyzer by pressing Preset, Factory Preset (if present).
2. To access the Load menu, press File, Load.
3. Select the type of file you want to load (setup, state, trace, limits, or corrections). In this
example you are loading a trace file; press Type, Trace.
NOTE
Not all file types can be loaded back into the analyzer. For example, Screen
files and CSV (comma separated value) files cannot be loaded. CSV and
Screen files are designed for use with a PC.
4. Select the directory where your file is located. In this example, select the C:\START\
directory. (Use the front-panel step keys, knob, Dir Up, and/or Dir Select keys to locate the
directory.)
5. Select the file you want to load into the analyzer by moving the cursor with the
front-panel knob to highlight the file name. In this example the file is TEST1.TRC. Select
the trace into which you wish to load the file. In this example, load it into Trace 2.
(Destination, Trace 2).
6. Press Load Now to load the specified file. Your display should look similar to Figure 4-6.
The status bar reads: C:\START\TEST1.TRC file loaded.
Figure 4-6. File Loaded
NOTE
Chapter 4
You should notice that the trace you saved, in this example trace 3, is loaded
to trace 2. If you wish to verify this condition, remove the signal input. For
61
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Agilent E4401B and E4411B, press Input/Output, Amptd Ref (Off), for all other
models, press Input/Output, Amptd Ref Out (Off).
Note that when a trace is loaded, it is placed in view mode. To see that trace 2
is in view mode, blank traces 1 and 3 by pressing View/Trace, Trace 1, Blank,
Trace 3, Blank. Then press Trace 2. Notice that trace 2 is the only trace
displayed in view mode (the view key is selected, and the trace is not
sweeping). Your display should look similar to Figure 4-7.
Figure 4-7. Verifying Trace 1
CAUTION
When operating in dc coupled mode, ensure protection of the input mixer by
limiting the input level to 0 Vdc and +30 dBm.
NOTE
When loading Limits files, be sure you have selected the appropriate X Axis
Units: frequency or time (Display, Limits, Properties, X Axis Units). If you are in
time X-Axis Units, and you load frequency limits, all current limit line data
will be erased and the analyzer will switch to the frequency domain. The
reverse of the this situation also holds true.
62
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Renaming a File
1. To access the Rename menu, press File, Rename.
2. Select the type of file you want to rename (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or
corrections). In this example you are renaming a trace file; press Type, Trace.
3. Select the drive and directory where your file is located. In this example, choose drive
C:\START.
4. Select the file you want to rename. In this example, choose the file TEST1.TRC.
5. Press Name to open the Alpha Editor menu. For this example, rename the file to RENAME
using the Alpha Editor softkeys. (The Name: field is limited to eight characters.) Your
display should look similar to Figure 4-8.
6. Press Enter, Rename Now: your file is now renamed and visible within the directory
displayed on your analyzer. The status line displays the message: C:\START\TEST1.TRC
file renamed to C:\START\RENAME.TRC.
Figure 4-8. Renaming a File
Chapter 4
63
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
Copying a File
1. To access the Copy menu, press File, Copy. This menu function brings up 2 directory
boxes as described by the From: and To: fields located directly above the boxes. Refer to
Figure 4-9.
Figure 4-9. Copy Menu
2. Put a formatted floppy in the A: drive.
3. Select the type of file you want to copy (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or
corrections). In this example you are copying a trace file from the C: drive to the A:
drive; press, Type, Trace.
4. Press Dir (in the key menu) to underline From:. Notice the From: field (just above the
top directory box) highlights the location from which you will be copying. Using the
navigation keys (Dir Up, Direct select, step keys, or front panel knob), locate the
C:\START\ directory.
5. Scroll to highlight the file displayed in the directory box from which you wish to copy. In
this example, you will need to highlight the file RENAME.
6. Press Dir (in the key menu) to underline To:. The To: field (just above the bottom
directory box) is highlighting the location to which you will be copying. Using the
navigation keys as described above, highlight the A:\ drive.
NOTE
64
When pressing Dir (To), the file chosen in the From: location is no longer
highlighted, however the Name: field above the From directory box displays
the chosen file; in this example: RENAME.TRC.
Chapter 4
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Saving a File
NOTE
Highlighting a filename in the To: directory box has no significance. The file
cannot be placed inside another file.
7. Press Copy Now to execute the operation. The message: “Copying file” is displayed
during the copying process. Upon completion, the status bar reads:
“C:\START\RENAME.TRC file copied”. You have now copied the file RENAME from the
C: drive to the A: drive.
Deleting a File
1. To access the Delete menu, press File, Delete.
2. Select the type of file you want to delete (setup, state, trace, limits, screens, or
corrections). In this example, you are deleting a trace file; press Type, Trace.
3. Select the drive and directory where the file you wish to delete is located. In this
example, choose C:\START\. Use the navigation keys (Dir Up, Dir Select, step keys, front
panel knob) to highlight this location in the Path: field. (Refer to “Locating and viewing
files in the catalog” on page 53 for more instructions.)
4. Select the file you want to delete. In this example, choose the file RENAME.TRC. Move the
cursor with the navigation keys to highlight the file name.
5. Press Delete Now. The message: Deleting file pops up on the display during the
operation. Upon completion, the status bar reads: C:\START\RENAME.TRC file
deleted. Your file is now deleted and is no longer visible in the directory displayed on
your analyzer.
Chapter 4
65
Viewing Catalogs and Saving Files
Using the Alpha Editor
Using the Alpha Editor
The Alpha Editor enables you to select letters to enter a name for a file or directory (File,
Rename, for example).
1. Use the More keys to display the softkey that lists the character you want. Each softkey
has several characters on it.
2. When you press a softkey, its characters are displayed on individual softkeys.
3. Select the one you want.
66
Chapter 4
5 Options and Accessories
This chapter lists options and accessories available for your analyzer.
67
Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories
Ordering Options and Accessories
Options and accessories help you configure the analyzer for your specific applications, and
enable you to use the analyzer.
Options (see page 69)
All options are available when you order a spectrum analyzer; some options are also
available as kits that you can order and install after you receive the analyzer. Order kits
through your local Agilent Sales and Service Office.
At the time of analyzer purchase, options can be ordered using your product number and
the number of the option you are ordering. For example, if you are ordering Option 1D6 for
an Agilent E4401B, you would order E4401B 1D6.
If you are ordering an option after the purchase of your analyzer, you will need to add a U
(for upgrade) to the product number and then specify which option you are ordering.
If you know the option you wish to order, refer to Table on page 84 which is in ascending
order by option number. The options are described below, they are listed in alphabetical
order by name for your review, see “Option Descriptions” on page 71.
Accessories (see page 83)
Order accessories through your local Agilent Sales and Service Office.
68
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Options
E4411B
E4401B
E4402B
E4403B
E4404B
E4405B
E4407B
E4408B
Option
042
Gray Backpack Carrying Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
044
Yellow Backpack Carrying Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
049
Color Display
•
060
Low Emissionab
106
•
•
•
•
•
Bluetooth FM Demodulationc
•
•
•
•
120
ACPR Dynamic Range Extension
•
•
•
•
219
Noise Figure Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
225
Distance to Fault Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
226
Phase Noise Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
227
Cable TV Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
•
228
Bluetooth Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
229
Modulation Analysis
•
•
•
•
230
Benchlink Web Remote Control Softwared
•
•
•
•
231
ESA to 89600 Series Software Link Utility
•
•
•
•
266
8566 Series Programming Code
Compatibility
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
290
8590 Series Programming Codee
Compatibility
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
304
Bluetooth Premium Bundle
•
•
•
0B0
Delete Manual Set
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
0B1
Add Manual Set
•
•
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•
•
•
•
•
0BV
Service Documentation, Component Level
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
0BW
Service Documentation, Assembly Level
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1AX
RS-232 and Parallel Interfacee
•
•
•
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•
1CP
Rack Mount with Handles
•
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•
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•
•
1D5
High Stability Frequency Reference
•
•
•
•
•
1D6
Time-Gated Spectrum Analysis
•
•
•
•
•
Chapter 5
•
•
•
•
69
Options and Accessories
Options
E4411B
E4401B
E4402B
E4403B
E4404B
E4405B
E4407B
E4408B
Option
1D7
50 to 75 Ohm Matching Pad
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DN
50 Ohm Tracking Generator
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DP
75 Ohm inputf
•
•
1DQ
75 Ohm Tracking Generatorg
•
•
1DR
Narrow Resolution Bandwidths
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
1DS
RF Preamplifier
•
•
•
•
•
A4H
GPIB and Parallel Interfaceh
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A4J
IF, Video and Sweep Portsi
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
A5D
DC Power Cable
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AXT
Transit Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYT
Gray Soft Carrying/Operating Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYU
Yellow Carrying/Operating Case
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
AYX
Fast Time Domain Sweepsj
•
•
•
•
•
AYZ
External Mixing
B70
Benchlink Spectrum Analyzer
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
B72
Enhanced Memoryk
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
B74
RF and Digital Communications Hardware
•
•
•
•
B75
Performance Bundlef
•
•
•
•
•
B7B
TV Trigger and Picture on Screenl
•
•
•
•
•
B7D
Digital Signal Processing and
Fast ADCm
•
•
•
•
B7E
RF Communications Hardware
•
•
•
•
B7K
Distance to Fault Accessory Kit
•
•
•
•
•
BAA
FM Demodulationn
•
•
•
•
•
BAB
APC 3.5 Input Connector
BAC
cdmaOne Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
BAH
GSM Measurement Personality
•
•
•
•
UE2
Firmware Upgrade Kit
•
•
•
70
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Chapter 5
E4405B
E4407B
•
•
•
•
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•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
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•
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•
UKB
Low Frequency Extensiono
UK6
Commercial Calibrationf
•
•
•
UK9
Front Panel Cover
•
•
W32
3 Year Calibration Contract
•
W50
5 Year Service Support
W52
5 Year Calibration Contract
E4408B
E4404B
E4403B
E4402B
E4411B
Option
E4401B
Options and Accessories
Options
a. This option is incompatible with Option B7B.
b. This option operates only with ac input power. Battery or dc power will not enable this option
on the analyzer.
c. Option 106 is incompatible with Option BAA.
d. This option requires Option A4H or 1AX.
e. Option 1AX is incompatible with Option A4H
f. This option is only available at time of purchase.
g. This option has a 75 Ohm output impedance, and is only available with Option 1DP.
h. Option A4H is incompatible with Option 1AX.
i. Option A4J is incompatible with Option AYX.
j. Option AYX contains functionality of Option A4J.
k. Standard on analyzers with serial numbers greater than US41440000 or MY41440000
l. Option B7B requires Option BAA.
m. Option B7D contains Fast ADC compatibility of Option AYX, but does not contain
functionality of Option A4J.
n. Option BAA is incompatible with Option 106
o. Option UKB requires Option 1DR.
Option Descriptions
Each option is described below in alphabetical order.
Name
Option
Number
Description
12 Vdc Power Cable
A5D
Option A5D provides a 12 Vdc power cable that
allows your analyzer to be powered from 12 V
automotive or truck batteries.
3 Year Calibration
Contract
W32
Option W32 provides your analyzer with a 3 year
analyzer calibration contract.
5 Year Calibration
Contract
W52
Option W52 provides your analyzer with a 5 year
analyzer calibration contract.
Chapter 5
71
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
5 Year Service Support
W50
Option W50 provides your analyzer with a total of 5
years of service support. This adds a 2 year service
contract to the analyzer’s base 3 year warranty.
50 Ω to 75 Ω Matching
Pad
1D7
This option provides a 50 Ω to 75 Ω matching pad
with dc block to be used on the analyzer input. The
pad has a frequency range of £ MHz to 2 GHz. It
adapts your standard 50 Ω analyzer to be
compatible with a 75 Ω system under test.
Connector types are 50 Ω Type-N (m) to 75 Ω BNC
(f).
50 Ohm Tracking
Generator
1DN
Option 1DN provides a 9 kHz to 1.5 GHz built-in
tracking generator for the Agilent E4401B and the
Agilent E4411B. Option 1DN provides a 9 kHz to 3
GHz built-in tracking generator for the Agilent
E4402B, E4403B, E4404B, E4405B, E4407B and
E4408B. This source creates a source-receiver
combination that allows insertion-loss, frequency
response, and return-loss measurements. The
tracking generator has a wide distortion-free
dynamic range, plus good sensitivity and
selectivity.
75 Ohm Input
Impedance
1DP
This option provides a 75 Ω input impedance
instead of the standard 50 Ω impedance. Analyzers
with this option use cables, circuit boards, and front
panels that are different from the standard units.
Option 1DP is only available on the Agilent E4401B
and E4411B.
Option 1DP is not available after the purchase of
your analyzer.
75 Ohm Tracking
Generator
1DQ
Option 1DQ provides a 1 MHz to 1.5 GHz built-in
tracking generator for the Agilent E4401B and the
Agilent E4411B. This source creates a
source-receiver combination that allows
insertion-loss, frequency response, and return-loss
measurements. The tracking generator has a wide
distortion-free dynamic range, plus good sensitivity
and selectivity.
Option 1DQ has a 75 Ω output impedance, and is
only available with Option 1DP.
72
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
HP 8566B/8568B
Programming Code
Compatibility
266
Option 260 allows use of a limited set of 8566 Series
programming commands to control the ESA Series
analyzers. When this option is enabled, SCPI
commands are disabled if the remote language
selected is not SCPI.
8590 Series
Programming Code
Compatibility
290
Option 290 allows use of a limited set of 8590 Series
programming commands to control the ESA Series
analyzers. When this option is installed on an ESA
analyzer, remote programming using SCPI
commands is not possible. This option must be
uninstalled to restore SCPI programming
functionality.
ACPR Dynamic Range
Extension
120
Option 120 provides extended dynamic range for
ACPR measurements by improving phase noise at
offsets 800 kHz to 8 MHz.
Additional Manual Set
0B1
Option 0B1 provides an additional copy of the
User’s, Calibration, Specifications, and Reference
guides for your instrument.
APC 3.5 Input
Connector
BAB
The type-N female connector is replaced with an
APC 3.5 mm male connector. An APC 3.5 (f) to APC
3.5 (f), and BNC (f) to SMA (m) adapters are
included for alignment purposes.
Backpack Operating and
Carrying Cases
042
Options 042 and 044 are protective soft operating and
backpack carrying cases. Option 042 is made of gray
rip-stop nylon and Option 044 is made of yellow rip-stop
nylon. An outside pocket holds manuals or other
accessories. Reinforced adjustable padded shoulder
straps provides ergonomic distribution between your
shoulders. The front and rear panel soft covers adjust to
be compatible with the front panel protective hard cover
(Option UK9) and snap on battery pack (HP/Agilent
E1779A). Side ventilation allows for operation without
removal, but the maximum operating temperature is
reduced to 45 °C.
Benchlink Spectrum
Analyzer
B70
Chapter 5
044
Option B70 provides the Benchlink Spectrum
Analyzer software which can be used to capture
screen images and trace data using a personal
computer (PC). The captured information can then
be used in other PC applications, including word
processing and spread sheets.
73
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Web Remote Control
Software
Option
Number
230
Description
Option 230 provides software which can be used to
control the analyzer remotely over the web. When the
analyzer is connected via GP-IB to one personal
computer (PC), access to the analyzer is available
through any internet connection by specifying the IP
address of the physically connected PC. The following
analyzer functions are available through remote web
access:
• front panel control
• capture screen images
• capture trace data
• remote programming commands (SCPI)
Bluetooth FM
Demodulation
106
Option 106 is required to perform FM demodulation on
signals measured with the Bluetooth Measurement
Personality (Option 228).
Option 106 allows you to demodulate, display and
measure deviation of Bluetooth FM modulated signals.
You can listen to audio signals on a built-in speaker or
with an earphone.
Option 106 provides the following additional port:
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video
output (before the analog-to-digital conversion)
proportional to the vertical deflection of the trace
(75 Ω).
Bluetooth
Measurement
Personality
228
Option 228 provides transmitter and receiver
measurements required to test Bluetooth devices. The
set of Bluetooth measurements includes:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Modulation Overview
Output Power
Carrier Frequency Drift
Monitor Band/Channel
Initial Carrier Frequency Tolerance
Modulation Characteristics
Option 228 includes: Bluetooth user’s guide,
Bluetooth quick reference card, Bluetooth
measurement guide, and Bluetooth programming
commands manual.
Bluetooth FM Demodulation (Option 106) is required
for full functionality of this personality.
74
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
Bluetooth Premium
Bundle
304
Cable TV Measurement
Personality
227
Option 227 provides measurement capabilities necessary
for installation and service of cable TV systems.
cdmaOne Measurement
Personality
BAC
Option BAC provides transmitter and receiver
measurements that comply with various international
digital communications standards, including
TIA/EIA/IS-95-A, TIA/EIA-95-B, TIA/EIA/IS-97-A,
TIA/EIA-97-B, TIA7/EIA/IS-98-A, TIA/EIA-98-B,
J-STD-008, J-STD-018, J-STD-019, ARIB STD-T53,
CKOR, and PKOR. The set of cdmaOne measurements
includes:
Option 304 provides the following:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Bluetooth FM demodulator (Option 106)
Bluetooth measurement personality (Option 228)
high stability frequency reference (Option 1D5)
digital signal processing and fast ADC (Option B7D)
RF communications hardware (Option B7E)
enhanced memory upgrade (Option B72)
RF preamplifier (Option 1DS)
channel power
receiver channel power
modulation accuracy (RHO)
code domain power
receiver spurious
out-of-band spurious
harmonics
occupied bandwidth
monitor channel/band
close-in spur
Option BAC includes a cdmaOne user’s guide, cdmaOne
quick reference card, cdmaOne measurement guide and
cdmaOne programming commands manual.
NOTE
For optimum performance of this
personality, installation of “RF and Digital
Communications Hardware (Option B74)”
is recommended.
Color Display
049
Option 049 changes the monochrome display in the ESA
L-Series to a color display.
Commercial Calibration
with Test Data
UK6
Option UK6 provides the factory calibration test data on
a floppy disk and the standard commercial calibration
certificate on the initial analyzer shipment.
Option UK6 is only available at time of purchase.
Chapter 5
75
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
Component Level
Service Documentation
0BV
Option 0BV provides a copy of the Agilent ESA/EMC
Spectrum Analyzers Component-Level Information. The
component-level information includes parts lists,
component-location diagrams, and schematic diagrams
for selected assemblies.
Delete Manual Set
0B0
Option 0B0 deletes copies of the User’s, Calibration,
Programmer’s, Specifications, Measurement guides.
Digital Signal
Processing and Fast
ADC
B7D
Option B7D provides digital signal processing, fast ADC,
and a faster RMS detector. This option is required for
many of the mobile communication measurements in the
GSM and cdmaOne measurement personalities. Option
B7D must be ordered with Option B7E (RF
communications hardware) and Option 1D5 (high
stability frequency reference).
For A.07.00 firmware revisions and later, either this
option or Option AYX (Fast Digitized Time Domain
Sweeps) is required to perform the PowerStat
Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function
(PowerStat CCDF) for all radio standards.
Distance to Fault
Accessory Kit
B7K
Option B7K includes the 86205A (RF bridge), 11636A
(power divider), 909A (coax termination), 11512A (coax
short), 8120-8687 (coax cable), in a padded case.
Distance to Fault
Measurement
Personality
225
Option 225 performs a Fast Fourier Transform to
calculate the distance to a cable fault. This option must
be ordered with tracking generator (Option 1DN). This
measurement includes on-screen instructional dialog to
guide set up and calibration. Velocity factor and cable
loss can be user-defined or selected from several
different pre-defined cable types.
Enhanced Memory
Upgrade
B72
Option B72 provides 2 SIMMS which increases the
analyzer’s RAM to 32 MBytes and its flash or data
storage memory to 16 MBytes (10 MBytes of which are
available to the user for data storage and measurement
personalities). Note, this option is standard in analyzers
with prefixes of US4144 and MY4144 and above.
ESA to 89600 Series
Software Link Utility
231
Option 231 adds connectivity of an ESA analyzer to a
Windows NT 4.0 or Windows 2000 based PC running
Agilent 89600 VSA software. The Agilent 89600 VSA
software is not included with this option, it is available
separately.
76
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
External Mixing
AYZ
Option AYZ allows the use of HP/Agilent 11970 Series,
and HP/Agilent 11974 external mixers with the Agilent
E4407B analyzer to extend the frequency range to 110
GHz. Operation to 325 GHz is also possible with
non-HP/Agilent mixers.
Fast Digitized Time
Domain Sweeps
AYX
Option AYX allows fast digitized sweep times as fast as
20 µsec in spans of 0 Hz. Refer to the Sweep key
description in your User’s guide for information about
possible sweep times. It also provides the following
additional inputs and outputs:
Option AYX - provides the analyzer with additional
inputs and outputs. They are as follows: SWP OUT, HI
SWP OUT (TTL), HI SWP IN (TTL), AUX VIDEO OUT,
and AUX IF OUT.
SWP OUT - sweep ramp output, provides a voltage
ramp proportional to the sweep of the analyzer (0 V
to 10 V).
HI SWP OUT (TTL) - provides the HI SWP TTL
signal as an output (TTL high during a sweep, TTL
low during a retrace). It indicates when the analyzer
is sweeping
HI SWP IN (TTL) - allows external sweep control. It
can be grounded to stop and reset the sweep.
AUX VIDEO OUT - provides detected video output
(before the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional
to vertical deflection of the trace.
AUX IF OUT - provides a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output
that is the down-converted signal of the RF input of
the analyzer.
For A.07.00 firmware revisions and later, either this
option or Option B7D (Digital Signal Processing and
Fast ADC) is required to perform the PowerStat
Complementary Cumulative Distribution Function
(PowerStat CCDF) for all radio standards. It is also
required to perform the ACP measurement when the
NADC radio standard is selected.
Firmware Upgrade Kit
Chapter 5
UE2
Option UE2 provides the most current ESA spectrum
analyzer firmware on 3-1/2 inch floppy disks.
77
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
FM Demodulation
Option
Number
BAA
Description
Option BAA allows you to demodulate, display and
measure deviation of FM modulated signals. You can
listen to audio signals on a built-in speaker or with an
earphone.
Option BAA provides the following additional port:
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video output
(before the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to
the vertical deflection of the trace (75 Ω).
Front Panel Protective
Cover
UK9
The cover assembly snaps onto the front of your analyzer
to protect the front panel during travel and when the
unit is not in use. The front panel protective cover
includes a storage compartment to house small
accessories or cables.
GPIB and Parallel
Interface
A4H
Option A4H allows you to control your analyzer from a
computer that uses a general purpose interface bus
(GPIB). Option A4H includes a GPIB connector, a
parallel interface connector for printers, a CD-ROM
containing IntuiLink Toolbar software, and the
programmer’s guide for you analyzer.
The IntuiLink software allows you to download spectrum
analyzer display or data files to a personal computer using
Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel. IntuiLink Toolbar
installation instructions are included with the CD-ROM.
Option A4H allows the analyzer to copy its display to a
printer connected to the parallel interface connector.
GSM Measurement
Personality
BAH
Option BAH provides transmitter and receiver
measurements that comply with various international
digital communications standards, including ETS 300
607-1, ETS 300 609-1, ETS 300 910, and J-STD-007. The
set of GSM measurements includes, transmit power,
power steps, power versus time, spurious emissions
suite, intermodulation attenuation suite, phase and
frequency error, cable fault location suite, slow frequency
hopping cycle verification, monitor suite, and output RF
spectrum suite. Option BAH includes a GSM user’s
guide, GSM quick reference card, GSM measurement
guide, and programming commands manual.
Hard Transit Case
AXT
Option AXT provides a hard transit case. The hard
transit case will survive commercial transportation. This
rugged case has two wheels and an extendible handle for
easy transport. The case can also accommodate two
battery packs and ac adapters.
78
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
High Stability
Frequency Reference
1D5
Option 1D5 improves the frequency reference accuracy.
The analyzer’s synthesizer is phase locked to an oven
controlled crystal oscillator (OCXO), instead of the
standard VCXO. When present with narrow resolution
bandwidth (Option 1DR) it provides 1 Hz and 10 Hz
resolution bandwidths.
IF, Sweep and Video
Ports
A4J
Option A4J provides the analyzer with additional inputs
and outputs. They are as follows: SWP OUT, HI SWP
OUT (TTL), HI SWP IN (TTL), AUX VIDEO OUT, and
AUX IF OUT.
SWP OUT - sweep ramp output, provides a voltage ramp
proportional to the sweep of the analyzer (0 V to 10 V).
HI SWP OUT (TTL) - provides the HI SWP TTL signal
as an output (TTL high during a sweep, TTL low during
a retrace). It indicates when the analyzer is sweeping.
HI SWP IN (TTL) - allows external sweep control. It can
be grounded to stop sweeping.
AUX VIDEO OUT - provides detected video output
(before the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to
vertical deflection of the trace.
AUX IF OUT - provides a 50 Ω, 21.4 MHz IF output that
is the down-converted signal of the RF input of the
analyzer.
Low Emission
060
Option 060 provides reduced radiated and conducted
emissions to comply with EN55011 Class B
requirements. This option applies during ac operation
only.
Option 060 is incompatible with TV Trigger (Option
B7B).
Low Frequency
Extension
Chapter 5
UKB
Option UKB extends the frequency range of the analyzer
on the low end to 100 Hz when DC coupling is selected.
This option requires installation of Option 1DR and is
only available on ESA models E4402B, E4404B, E4405B,
and E4407B.
79
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Modulation Analysis
Personality
Option
Number
229
Description
Option 229 adds demodulation and analysis of the
following base-band modulation formats.
•
•
•
•
•
•
QPSK
Offset QPSK
pi/4 dQPSK
QAM 16, 32, 64, 128, and 256
GMSK (GSM standard compliant only)
8 FSK (EDGE standard compliant only)
This option also includes the ability to connect the
analyzer to a Windows NT 4.0 or Win2000 based PC
running Agilent 89600 VSA software. The Agilent 89600
VSA software is not included with this option, it is
available separately.
Narrow Resolution
Bandwidth
1DR
This option provides additional narrow resolution
bandwidths of 10 Hz, 30 Hz, 100 Hz, and 300 Hz and
200 Hz EMI. These bandwidths improve the analyzer
sensitivity and allow you to resolve closely spaced
signals. If high stability frequency reference (Option
1D5) is also installed then 1 Hz and 3 Hz resolution
bandwidth filters are available.
Noise Figure
Measurement
Personality
219
Provides noise figure measurements:
Limit lines
Loss compensation
Extended frequency (measures up/down converters)
You need the preamp Option 1DS to have specified
performance below 3 GHz.
Operating and Carrying
Cases
AYT
Performance Bundle
B75
AYU
Options AYT and AYU are protective soft operating and
carrying cases. Option AYT is made of gray rip-stop
nylon and Option AYU is made of yellow rip-stop nylon.
An outside pocket holds manuals or other accessories. A
reinforced adjustable padded shoulder strap provides
ergonomic distribution between your hand and shoulder.
The front and rear panel soft covers adjust to be
compatible with the front panel protective hard cover
(Option UK9) and snap on battery pack (Agilent
E1779A). Side ventilation allows for operation without
removal, but the maximum operating temperature is
reduced to 45 °C.
Option B75 provides the pre-amplifier, narrow resolution
bandwidths, and high stability frequency reference.
Refer to Options 1DS, 1DR, and 1D5 for details.
This option is only available at time of purchase.
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Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
Phase Noise
Measurement
Personality
226
Option 226 is an automated phase noise (dBc/Hz)
measurement solution, providing the ability to measure
SSB noise, RMS noise, DANL, as well as the real-time
generation of a phase noise vs. log offset frequency, and
phase noise vs. time. High Stability Frequency
Reference (Option 1D5) is recommended. Narrow
resolution bandwidth (Option 1DR) is highly
recommended. Without Option 1DR, the minimum offset
frequency will be 10 kHz.
Pre-amplifier
1DS
The pre-amplifier improves the analyzer’s sensitivity
(lowers the noise floor) by approximately 16 dB.
Rack Mount Kit with
Handles
1CP
Option 1CP provides the parts necessary to mount the
analyzer in a standard 19 inch (482.6 mm) equipment
rack. It includes front handles and rack slides for added
convenience. Rack mount height is 8.75 in (222.3 mm).
RF and Digital
Communications
Hardware
B74
Option B74 includes the RF Communications Hardware
(Option B7E), Digital Signal Processing and Fast ADC
(Option B7D), Time-Gated Spectrum Analysis (Option
1D6), Memory Extension (Option B72), High Stability
Frequency Reference (Option 1D5), Preamplifier (Option
1DS), and Narrow Resolution Bandwidth (Option 1DR)
assemblies. These options are required for optimum
performance of the cdmaOne (Option BAC) or GSM
measurement personality (Option BAH).
RF Communications
Hardware
B7E
Option B7E provides the communications hardware
required for many digital communication
measurements. Option B7E must be ordered with
Option B7D (digital signal processing and fast ADC) and
Option 1D5 (high stability frequency reference). This
provides burst carrier trigger capability.
RS-232 and Parallel
Interface
1AX
Option 1AX allows you to control your analyzer from a
computer that uses an RS-232 interface. It includes a 2.5
meter 9-pin (f) to 9-pin (f) connector RS-232 cable
(Agilent 5182-4794), a parallel interface connector for
printers, a CD-ROM containing IntuiLink Toolbar
software, and the programmer’s guide for your analyzer.
This program allows you to download spectrum analyzer
display or data files to a personal computer using
Microsoft Word or Microsoft Excel. IntuiLink Toolbar
installation instructions are included with the CD-ROM.
Option 1AX allows the analyzer to copy its display to a
printer.
Chapter 5
81
Options and Accessories
Options
Name
Option
Number
Description
Service Documentation
and Performance
Verification and
Adjustment Software
0BW
Option 0BW provides a copy of the Agilent ESA
Spectrum Analyzers Service Guide and PC-based
performance verification and adjustment software on
CD-ROM. The service guide describes assembly level
troubleshooting procedures, provides a parts list, and
documents the adjustment procedures.
Time-Gated Spectrum
Analysis
1D6
Option 1D6 allows you to selectively measure the
spectrum of signals that may overlap in the frequency
domain, but are separated in the time domain. By
adjusting a time gate based on a user-supplied trigger
signal, you can significantly increase the diagnostic
capability of your spectrum analyzer for
time-interleaved signals.
TV Trigger and Picture
on Screen
B7B
Option B7B requires Option BAA.
Option B7B allows you to trigger the analyzer sweep on
a TV line of a demodulated TV waveform and view TV
images in NTSC, PAL and SECAM standards on the
analyzer display.
Option B7B provides the following additional ports:
EXT VIDEO IN/TV TRIG OUT - provides a shared
baseband video input and a TTL output for the TV
trigger (output through 75 Ω source impedance).
EXT VIDEO OUT - provides a detected video output
(before the analog-to-digital conversion) proportional to
the vertical deflection of the trace (similar to Option
BAA alone), and provides pass through of the signal at
EXT VIDEO IN/TV TRIG OUT, if selected (75 Ω).
82
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Accessories
Accessories
A number of accessories are available from Agilent Technologies to help you configure your
analyzer for your specific applications. They can be ordered through your local Agilent
Sales and Service Office and are listed below.
50 Ohm/75 Ohm Minimum Loss Pad
The HP/Agilent 11852B is a low VSWR minimum loss pad that allows you to make
measurements on 75 Ohm devices using an analyzer with a 50 Ohm input. It is effective
over a frequency range of dc to 2 GHz.
75 Ohm Matching Transformer
The HP/Agilent 11694A allows you to make measurements in 75 Ohm systems using an
analyzer with a 50 Ohm input. It is effective over a frequency range of 3 to 500 MHz.
AC Probe
The Agilent 85024A high frequency probe performs in-circuit measurements without
adversely loading the circuit under test. The probe has an input capacitance of 0.7 pF
shunted by 1 MOhm of resistance and operates over a frequency range of 300 kHz to
3 GHz. High probe sensitivity and low distortion levels allow measurements to be made
while taking advantage of the full dynamic range of the spectrum analyzer.
The Agilent 41800A low frequency probe has a low input capacitance and a frequency
range of 5 Hz to 500 MHz.
AC Probe (Low Frequency)
The Agilent 41800A low-frequency probe.
Input Capacitance: low
Frequency Range: 5 Hz to 500 MHz
Broadband Preamplifiers and Power Amplifiers
Preamplifiers and power amplifiers can be used with your spectrum analyzer to enhance
measurements of very low-level signals.
• The Agilent 8447D preamplifier provides a minimum of 25 dB gain from 100 kHz to
1.3 GHz.
The Agilent 87405A preamplifier provides a minimum of 22 dB gain from 10 MHz to
3 GHz. (Power is supplied by the probe power output of the analyzer.)
The Agilent 83006A preamplifier provides a minimum of 26 dB gain from 10 MHz to
26.5 GHz.
• The Agilent 85905A CATV 75 ohm preamplifier provides a minimum of 18 dB gain from
Chapter 5
83
Options and Accessories
Accessories
45 MHz to 1 GHz. (Power is supplied by the probe power output of the analyzer.)
• The 11909A low noise preamplifier provides a minimum of 32 dB gain from 9 kHz to
1 GHz and a typical noise figure of 1.8 dB.
Carrying Strap (Part Number E4401-60028)
This carrying strap comes with Options AYT and AYU. It can also be ordered separately
and used with Agilent ESA analyzers.
External Keyboard
You may use any IBM AT compatible keyboard with a mini DIN connector. Screen titles
and filenames can be entered with the external keyboard.
GPIB Cable
For use with Option A4H. The Agilent 10833 Series GPIB cables interconnect GPIB
devices and are available in four different lengths (0.5 to 4 meters). GPIB cables are used
to connect controllers to a spectrum analyzer.
HP/Agilent 11970 Series Harmonic Mixers
The 11970 Series harmonic mixers are available to extend the frequency range of
analyzers with Option AYZ (external mixing) up to 110 GHz. The following six models are
available:
Table 5-1.
HP/Agilent Model
Number
Frequency Range
11970K
18.0 to 26.5 GHz
11970A
26.5 to 40.0 GHz
11970Q
33.0 to 50.0 GHz
11970U
40.0 to 60.0 GHz
11970V
50.0 to 75.0 GHz
11970W
75.0 to 110 GHz
HP/Agilent 11974 Series Preselected Millimeter Mixers
11974 Series preselected millimeter mixers are available to extend the frequency range of
analyzers with Option AYZ (external mixing) up to 75 GHz. Preselection reduces mixer
overload from broadband signals, reduces radiation of local oscillator harmonics back to
the device under test, and reduces the level of image and multiple responses displayed.
84
Chapter 5
Options and Accessories
Accessories
The following four models are available:
Table 5-2.
HP/Agilent Model
Number
Frequency Range
11974A
26.5 to 40.0 GHz
11974Q
33.0 to 50.0 GHz
11974U
40.0 to 60.0 GHz
11974V
50.0 to 75.0 GHz
Agilent E1779A Battery Pack
The E1779A is a battery pack that will power an Agilent analyzer for 80 to 114 minutes,
depending on the options installed in the analyzer. Refer to the E1779A Battery Pack
User’s Guide for more information.
Parallel Interface Cable
For use with Option A4H and 1AX. A 36-pin to 25-pin male-to-male 2 meter cable can be
used to connect supported printers to an analyzer. This cable must be IEEE-1284
compliant.
Printer
For use with Option A4H or 1AX. The DeskJet personal printers provide black and
white or color printing for another form of permanent records of your test results. The HP
LaserJet series printers are also compatible. The printers connect to the parallel interface
installed on the analyzer with either Option A4H (standard) or 1AX.
RF and Transient Limiters
The Agilent 11867A and 11693A RF Limiters protect the analyzer input circuits from
damage due to high power levels. The 11867A operates over a frequency range of dc to
1800 MHz and begins reflecting signal levels over 1 mW up to 10 W average power and
100 watts peak power. The 11693A microwave limiter (0.1 to 12.4 GHz, usable to 18 GHz)
guards against input signals over 1 milliwatt up to 1 watt average power and 10 watts
peak power.
The Agilent 11947A Transient Limiter protects the analyzer input circuits from damage
due to signal transients. It specifically is needed for use with a line impedance
stabilization network (LISN). It operates over a frequency range of 9 kHz to 200 MHz, with
10 dB of insertion loss.
RF Bridges
The Agilent 86205A 50 Ω RF bridge and 86207A 75 Ω RF bridge can be used to make
reflection measurements using an analyzer with tracking generator Option 1DN or 1DQ or
Chapter 5
85
Options and Accessories
Accessories
with an external signal generator. These external directional bridges offer high directivity
and excellent port match. The 86205A operates over a frequency range of 300 kHz to 6
GHz. The 86207A operates over a frequency range of 300 kHz to 3 GHz.
RS-232 Cable
For use with Option 1AX. The 24542GC is a 3 meter 9-pin (f) to 25-pin (m) RS-232 cable.
The Agilent 24542U is a 3 meter 9-pin (f) to 9-pin (f) RS-232 cable for serial 9-pin PC
connection to an analyzer. The modem cable required is Agilent 24542M 9-pin (f) to 25-pin
(m), and the PC cable is Agilent 24542U. The Agilent 5182-4794 is a 2.5 meter 9-pin (f) to
9-pin (f) RS-232 cable for serial 9-pin PC connection to an analyzer (included with Option
1AX).
Static Safe Accessories
9300-0797
3M static control mat 0.6 m × 1.2 m (2 ft. × 4 ft.) with a 4.6 cm (15 ft.)
ground wire. Does not include wrist strap or cord
9300-1367
Wrist-strap, color black, stainless steel. Four adjustable links and a 7 mm
post-type connection.
9300-0980
Wrist-strap cord 1.5 m (5 ft.)
9300-1308
ESD heel-strap (reusable 6 to 12 months)
86
Chapter 5
6 In Case of Difficulty
This chapter includes information on how to check for a problem with your Agilent
Technologies spectrum analyzer, and how to return it for service.
If you experience a problem or would like additional information about your analyzer,
Agilent Technologies’ worldwide organization is ready to provide the support you need.
87
In Case of Difficulty
Before calling Agilent Technologies, however (or returning an analyzer for service),
perform the quick checks listed in “Check the Basics” on page 90. This check may eliminate
the problem.
If a problem persists, you may choose to:
• Repair the analyzer yourself. See “Service Options” on page 92.
• Return the analyzer to Agilent Technologies for repair. See “Returning an Analyzer for
Service” on page 94, for more information.
WARNING
No operator serviceable parts inside. Refer servicing to qualified
personnel. To prevent electrical shock, do not remove covers.
NOTE
If the analyzer is still under warranty or is covered by a maintenance
contract, it will be repaired under the terms of the warranty or plan (the
warranty is located at the front of this manual).
If the analyzer is no longer under warranty or is not covered by an Agilent
Technologies maintenance plan, Agilent Technologies will notify you of the
cost of the repair after examining the analyzer.
88
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages
Types of Spectrum Analyzer Messages
The analyzer can generate various messages that appear on the display during operation.
For a complete list of spectrum analyzer messages, see the Instrument Messages and
Functional Tests manual. The following table describes the four types of spectrum
analyzer messages.
Table 6-1
Types of Messages
Type of Message
Location
Notes
Informational messages
typically provide verification
that an action has occurred. In
general, no user intervention is
required.
Bottom of the
display in the
status line (in
green on analyzers
with a color
display).
Messages will remain until the
message is cleared by pressing
Esc or Preset, or is overwritten
by another message.
Pop-up messages prompt you
to verify that an action will be
performed or tell you that an
action is currently being
performed.
Middle of the
display in a
framed box.
Message remains until you
acknowledge the prompt, or the
action is completed.
Status messages indicate a
condition that may result in
erroneous data being displayed.
Multiple status messages may
be displayed at the same time.
Right side of the
display and/or in
the SCPI Status
Register system.
Most messages remain only
until the erroneous condition is
corrected.
User Error messages appear
when an attempt has been
made to set a parameter
incorrectly or an operation has
failed (such as saving a file).
Bottom of the
display in the
status line (in
yellow on
analyzers with a
color display) and
in the SCPI Error
Queue.
Messages remain until you
clear the error (press System,
Chapter 6
Show Errors, Clear Error Queue),
or another message is displayed
in the status line.
Pressing the Esc or Preset keys
will clear error messages from
the display, but the messages
will remain in the error queue.
89
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Check the Basics
❏ Is there power at the receptacle?
❏ Is the analyzer turned on? Listen for internal fan noise to determine if the analyzer
cooling fan is running. Feel the right side of the analyzer to feel for air flow.
❏ If other equipment, cables, and connectors are being used with your spectrum analyzer,
make sure they are connected properly and operating correctly.
❏ Review the measurement procedures being performed when the problem first appeared.
Are all of the settings correct?
❏ If the analyzer is not functioning as expected, return the analyzer to a known state by
pressing Preset, and Factory Preset (if displayed).
NOTE
Some analyzer settings are not affected by a Preset. If you wish to reset the
analyzer configuration to the state it was in when it was originally sent from
the factory, press System, Power On/Preset, Preset Type, Factory. Then press
the green Preset key on the front panel.
❏ Is the measurement being performed, and the results that are expected, within the
specifications and capabilities of the analyzer? Refer to the Specifications guide for your
analyzer.
❏ To meet specifications, the analyzer must be aligned. Either the Auto Align (On) feature
must be selected (press System, Alignments, Auto Align, On), or the analyzer must be
manually aligned at least once every hour (see your specifications guide for more
information), or whenever the temperature changes more than 3°C. When Auto Align,
On is selected, the AA screen annotation appears on the left edge of the display.
90
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
❏ Perform an Alignment. Press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
❏ If the previously performed alignments did not resolve the problem, press System,
Alignments, Load Defaults. Then press System, Alignments, Align Now, All.
❏ Is the analyzer displaying an error message? If so, refer to the Instrument Messages
and Functional Tests manual.
❏ If the necessary equipment is available, perform the functional tests in the Instrument
Messages and Functional Tests document for your analyzer.
TIP
Chapter 6
You can get automatic electronic notification of new firmware releases and
other product updates/information by subscribing to the Agilent Technologies
Test & Measurement E-Mail Notification Service for the PSA or ESA Series at
http://wwwdb.tm.agilent.com/cgi-bin/notification/user.pl
91
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Read the Warranty
The warranty for your analyzer is on page 23. Please read it and become familiar with its
terms.
If your analyzer is covered by a separate maintenance agreement, please be familiar with
its terms.
Service Options
Agilent Technologies offers several optional maintenance plans to service your analyzer
after the warranty has expired. Call your Agilent Technologies office for full details.
If you want to service the analyzer yourself after the warranty expires, you can purchase
the service documentation that provides all necessary test and maintenance information.
You can order the service documentation, Option 0BW (assembly level troubleshooting and
adjustment software) through your Agilent Technologies office.
Calling Agilent Technologies
Agilent Technologies has offices around the world to provide you with complete support for
your analyzer. To obtain servicing information or to order replacement parts, contact the
nearest Agilent Technologies office listed in Table 6-2. on page 93. In any correspondence
or telephone conversations, refer to your analyzer by its product number, full serial
number, and firmware revision.
Press System, More (1 of 3), Show System, and the product number, serial number, and
firmware revision information will be displayed on your analyzer screen. A serial number
label is also attached to the rear panel of the analyzer.
92
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Before Calling Agilent Technologies
Table 6-2. Contacting Agilent Technologies
Online assistance: www.agilent.com/find/assist
United States
(tel) 1 800 452 4844
Latin America
(tel) (305) 269 7500
(fax) (305) 269 7599
New Zealand
(tel) 0 800 738 378
(fax) 64 4 495 8950
Canada
(tel) 1 877 894 4414
(fax) (905) 282-6495
Japan
(tel) (81) 426 56 7832
(fax) (81) 426 56 7840
Asia Pacific
(tel) (852) 3197 7777
(fax) (852) 2506 9284
Europe
(tel) (31 20) 547 2323
(fax) (31 20) 547 2390
Australia
(tel) 1 800 629 485
(fax) (61 3) 9210 5947
Chapter 6
93
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
Returning an Analyzer for Service
Service Tag
When you are returning an analyzer to Agilent Technologies for service, fill out and attach
one of the blue service tags provided at the end of this chapter. Please be as specific as
possible about the problem. If you have recorded any error messages that appeared on the
display, have completed a functional test, or have any other specific data on the
performance of your analyzer, please include a copy of this information.
Original Packaging
Before shipping, pack the unit in the original factory packaging materials if they are
available. If the original materials were not retained, see "Other Packaging" (below).
NOTE
Install the transportation disk into the floppy drive to reduce the possibility
of damage during transportation. If the original transportation disk is not
available, a blank floppy may be substituted.
Other Packaging
CAUTION
Analyzer damage can result from using packaging materials other than those
specified. Never use styrene pellets in any shape as packaging materials.
They do not adequately cushion the equipment or prevent it from shifting in
the carton. They cause equipment damage by generating static electricity and
by lodging in the analyzer louvers, blocking airflow.
You can repackage the analyzer with commercially available materials, as follows:
1. Attach a completed service tag to the analyzer.
2. Install the transportation disk or a blank floppy disk into the disk drive.
3. Wrap the analyzer in antistatic plastic to reduce the possibility of damage caused by
electrostatic discharge.
4. Use a strong shipping container. The carton must be both large enough and strong
enough to accommodate the analyzer. A double-walled, corrugated cardboard carton
with 159 kg (350 lb) bursting strength is adequate. Allow at least 3 to 4 inches on all
sides of the analyzer for packing material.
94
Chapter 6
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
5. Surround the equipment with three to four inches of packing material and prevent the
equipment from moving in the carton. If packing foam is not available, the best
alternative is S.D.-240 Air Cap™ from Sealed Air Corporation (Hayward, California,
94545). Air Cap looks like a plastic sheet filled with 1-1/4 inch air bubbles. Use the
pink-colored Air Cap to reduce static electricity. Wrapping the equipment several times
in this material should both protect the equipment and prevent it from moving in the
carton.
6. Seal the shipping container securely with strong nylon adhesive tape.
7. Mark the shipping container “FRAGILE, HANDLE WITH CARE” to assure careful
handling.
8. Retain copies of all shipping papers.
Chapter 6
95
In Case of Difficulty
Returning an Analyzer for Service
96
Chapter 6
Index
Numerics
10 MHz REF INPUT, 36
10 MHz REF OUTPUT, 36
50 ohm RF bridge, 86
50 ohm/75 ohm minimum loss
pad, 83
75 ohm matching transformer,
83, 85
75 ohm RF bridge, 86
Benchlink Web Remote Control
Software, 74
Bluetooth
card slot location, 34
FM Demodulation, 74
General Purpose Bundle, 74
Measurement Personality, 74
Premium Bundle, 74
broadband preamplifiers, 83
A
AC probe, 83
Accessories, 83
carrying strap, 84
accessories
50 ohm/75 ohm minimum loss
pad, 83
75 ohm matching transformer,
83
AC probe, 83
battery pack, 85
broadband preamplifiers, 83
External Keyboard, 84
GPIB cable, 84
harmonic mixers, 84
Parallel Interface Cable, 85
preselected millimeter mixers,
84
printer, 85
RF bridge, 86
RF limiters, 85
RS-232 cable, 86
transient limiters, 85
ACPR
card slot location, 34
active function, 38
Agilent Technologies, calling, 92
alignments, internal, 18
alpha editor, using, 66
amplifiers, 83
Amplitude key, 26
AMPTD REF OUT, 28
analyzer battery, 14
annotations, display, 30
application information, 2
arrow keys, 28
arrow keys, using, 43
AUX IF OUT, 35
AUX VIDEO OUT, 35
C
cable
GPIB, 84
parallel interface, 85
RS-232, 86
Cable TV Measurement
Personality, 75
carrying strap, 84
Catalog Menu, 54
catalogs
definition, 52
naming, 66
checking the fuse, 11
clock, battery, 14
connectivity
tools, 7
connector
10 MHz ref input, 36
10 MHz ref output, 36
aux if output, 35
aux video output, 35
ext trig input, 34
external keyboard, 28
GPIB, 35
hi sweep in, 35
hi sweep out, 33, 35
INPUT 50 ohm, 28
parallel interface, 35
probe power, 28
RF OUT 50 ohm, 29
RS-232, 35
service, 33
CONTROL functions, 27
copy files, 64
B
battery
analyzer, 14
battery information, 14
battery pack, 85
D
data controls, 27
data keys, 27
data, entering from front panel,
43
DC Fuse, 37
DC probes
use of, 83
delete files, 65
demodulation
Bluetooth FM, 74
Digital Signal Processing and
Fast ADC
card slot location, 34
Dir Select key, 55
Dir Up key, 55
directories, definition, 52
directory
creating, 55
disk format, 56
display annotations, 30
display, information screen, 15
Distance to Fault Measurement
Personality, 76
documentation
CD-ROM, 8
standard set, 7
down arrow key, 28
E
earphone connector, 27
electrostatic discharge (ESD)
protecting against, 22
EMI
Low Emission (Option 060), 79
Enter key, using, 43
Esc key, 26
escape key, 26
ESD safety accessories, 86
examples
frequency accuracy, 49
signals, viewing, 45
EXT KEYBOARD, 28
EXT TRIG IN, 34
External Keyboard, 84
external keyboard connector, 28
external reference, 16
F
factory preset, description, 44
Fast ADC
card slot location, 34
features
front panel, 26
file copying, 64
file deleting, 65
file formats, 53, 57, 59
File key, 27
file menu functions, 53
copy, 64
delete, 65
format, 56
rename, 63
save, 57, 59, 61
file renaming, 63
file saving, 57, 59, 61
files
naming, 66
Index-97
Index
firmware upgrade information, 2
floppy disk format, 56
FM Demodulation, 35
Bluetooth, 35
card slot location, 34
format a disk, 56
frequency accuracy, increasing, 49
frequency count, using, 49
Frequency Extension
card slot location, 34
Frequency Extension Assembly,
35
Frequency key, 26
front panel
display annotations, 30
entering data, 43
symbols, 40
front panel features, 26
fuse, 11
fuse holder, 33
fuse location, 33
G
GATE TRIG/EXT TRIG IN (TTL),
34
GATE/HI SWP OUT (TTL), 33
GPIB, 78
card slot location, 34
GPIB cable, 84
GPIB connector, 35
GSM Measurement Personality,
78
H
Help key, 29
HI SWEEP IN, 35
HI SWEEP OUT, 33, 35
hold key, 26
I
information screen, 15
information, additional, 2
INPUT 50 ohm, 28
instrument preset, 27
interface bus
GPIB, 78
RS-232, 81
internal alignments, 18
IntuiLink software, 7
K
key overview, 38
keypad, using, 43
knob, 27
knob, using, 43
Index-98
L
limiters
RF and transient, 85
line fuse, 33
Load key, 27
M
manuals, standard set, 7
marker
frequency and amplitude,
reading, 47
moving
to peak, 47
to reference level, 47
with knob or arrow key, 47
turning off, 49
marker annotation
change with frequency count, 49
location, 47
MARKER functions, 27
Measure key, 27
Media Door, 27
Menu keys, 26
menu keys, 38
missing options, 16
mixers
External Mixing (Option AYZ),
77
harmonic, 84
preselected millimeter, 84
modulation analysis, 80
monitor output, 33
moving
data from analyzer, 7
data to PC, 7
N
navigating
catalogs, 54
files, 54
tables, 39
Navigation keys, 54, 55
Next Window key, 29
number/units keypad, 27
numeric keypad, using, 43
O
on/off switch, 15, 29
Option 1AX, 74, 81
Option 226, 81
Option B7B (TV trigger and
picture on screen), 82
Options
RS-232 and parallel interface,
74, 81
options not in instrument
memory, 16
ordering options, 71
overview, keys and key menus, 38
P
packaging, 94
Parallel Interface Cable, 85
parallel interface connector, 35
PC connectivity, 7
Personality
Bluetooth, 74
Cable TV, 75
Distance to Fault, 76
GSM, 78
personality options not in
instrument, 16
Phase Noise Measurement
Personality, 81
power amplifiers, 83
power input, 33
power on key, 15, 29
preamplifiers, 83
preset
factory, 44
types, 44
user, creating, 44
Print key, 27
printer, 85
printer connector
parallel, 78, 81
printer control, 27
printer setup, 19
probe power connector, 28
probes
AC and DC, 83
product information, 2
R
rear panel
symbols, 40
rear panel features, 33
rear-panel battery information
label, 14
reference level, setting, 47
remote control
Benchlink Web Remote Control
Software, 74
rename files, 63
Return key, 28
RF bridge, 86
RF limiters, 85
RF OUT 50 ohm, 29
RPG knob, 27
RPG, using, 43
RS-232, 81
card slot location, 34
Index
RS-232 Cable, 86
RS-232 cable, 86
RS-232 interface connector, 35
S
save files, 57, 59, 61
Save key, 27
saving
bitmaps, 53, 57, 59
trace files, 53, 57, 59
screen annotation, 30
screen, information, 15
service connector, 33
service options, 92
signals, increasing accuracy, 49
signals, viewing, 45
softkeys, auto and man mode, 43
softkeys, basic types, 43
software
IntuiLink, 7
Span key, 26
speaker on/off control, 27
speaker volume control, 28
static safety accessories, 86
step keys, 28
sweep output connector
SWEEP OUT, 35
symbols in titles, 66
symbols, on front and rear panels,
40
System key, 27
V
VGA connector, 33
video connector, 33
Viewing Angle keys, 26
volume control, 28
VOLUME knob, 28
W
warm-up time, 16
warranty, 92
T
Tab, 28
tab key, 39
Tab Keys, 28
table
navigation, 39
text, entering, 66
titles, editing, 66
transient limiter, 85
turning on the analyzer for the
first time, 15
TV Trigger and Picture on Screen,
82
U
unit softkeys, using, 43
up arrow key, 28
URL, PSA analyzers, 2
URL, sales and service, 93
user preset
creating, 44
description, 44
disabling, 44
Index-99
Index
Index-100
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