HP 37722A User's manual
HP 37722A telecom analyzer HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer Technical specifications Introduction The HP 37722A telecom analyzer is an easy-to-use, lightweight fieldportable test set for in-service and out-of-service bit error and signal measurement on CEPT digital circuits and services. The HP 37722A analyzer provides framed/unframed pattern generation and measurements at and 2 Mb/s. Also, it offers many other features to help increase productivity and network uptime: ● n × 64 kb/s testing ● timeslot monitor including all signaling bits display ● timeslot access ● event-based storage in text and graphic form. Options provide framed/unframed 8 Mb/s, framed/unframed 704 kb/s, 64 kb/s timeslot access and sub-rate processing (X.50 divisions 2 and 3, and X.58). HP 37722/32A telecom/datacom analyzer The HP 37722A telecom analyzer is easily upgraded to the HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer, which combines the full telecom testing capability of the HP 37722A analyzer with datacom testing. The HP 37732A analyzer consists of the HP 37722A analyzer and the HP 15901A Option 001 datacom module. The HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer provides testing at V.24, V.35, V.11/X.21-leased interfaces at rates up to 2 Mb/s. It also provides a full range of BER measurements: ● ● ● ● Contents Introduction ............................................ 2 Specifications for telecom testing using the HP 37722A telecom analyzer or the HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer ................................................... 3 control-circuit timing analysis with transitions diagrams on the screen built-in V.24 breakout box internal synthesizer event-based storage in text and graphic form. The HP 37732A analyzer reduces test time and speeds problem resolution by simplifying test setup. It presents results in easy-to-read and easy-torecord ways that make it easy to pinpoint the cause of a problem. The HP E4540A distributed network analyzer (DNA) software, for a PC or laptop operating with Microsoft Windows®, can be used to remotely control the HP 37722A telecom analyzer or HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer over modem links from a local support center. Datacom testing using the HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer .... 4 Specifications common to the HP 37722A and 37732A analyzers .......... 5 Specifications of options available for both analyzers .................................... 6 2 Specifications for telecom testing using the HP 37722A telecom analyzer or the HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer Telecom specifications Transmitter Receiver Bit rates: 2.048 Mb/s, 64 kb/s; optional 8.448 Mb/s, 704 kb/s, sub64 kb/s. Frame structure: 2 Mb/s unframed, to ITU-T G.704, G.706, G.732, G.704: with no multiframe; with CAS multi-frame with/ without CRC4 multiframe; 64 kb/s codirectional; independent setting for transmitter and receiver. Interfaces: To ITU-T G.703 and G.823. Timing: Recovered (loop timed), internal, external. Internal clock: 2.048 MHz, 64 kHz, (± 10 ppm). 2 Mb/s receiver Connectors BNC: 75 ohm, unbalanced. 3-pin Siemens: 120 ohm, balanced. Modes of operation Transmit, receive, through mode. Auto setup Bit rate, line code, framing and pattern. Test patterns PRBS: 211 − 1 (ITU-T O.153), 215 − 1, 223 − 1 (ITU-T O.151) (inverted or non-inverted). Word: Fully programmable n-bit word (n=8 to 1024); all ones, 1 in 2 (1010). Timeslot selection: All timeslots, single timeslot, n timeslots for n = 1 to 31 (contiguous or non-contiguous). Receive timeslot as for transmitter, or independently set. Deselected timeslots: 26 − 1 PRBS or all ones (transmit only). Test period: Manual, single: 15 min, 30 min, 1 hour, 24 hour, user defined: 1 to 100 seconds, minutes, hours, days. 2 Mb/s transmitter Output Ternary: HDB3 or AMI. Binary: TTL, data NRZ, clock normal or inverted, . Error insertion Bit, code: Single, variable 10−2 to 10−8. Frame error add FAS word, NFAS bit, CAS MFAS word (CAS multiframe mode); CRC MFAS word and CRC bits (CRC4 multiframe mode). Mode: Burst, continuous. Timeslot monitor: Displays contents of single data timeslot, FAS timeslot, NFAS timeslot (bits 1 to 8 for all odd-numbered frames), MFAS, single signaling channel or all signaling channels. Input Binary/ternary: 2.048 Mb/s ± 100 ppm (nominal). Terminate: 0 to 30 dB. Binary: TTL, data NRZ, clock normal or inverted. 64 kb/s receiver Codirectional data input: 64 kb/s ± 150 ppm (nominal). Terminate: 0 to 30 dB. Alarm generation: AIS 2 or 3 zeros in 512; AIS all ones, remote alarm, remote mutiframe alarm, no signal. Signaling bits: Set ABCD signaling bits in CAS multiframe to any 4-bit pattern (all channels contain the same pattern). Overhead bits: Individual setting of Si, spare MFAS, NFAS bits 4 to 8 (Sa) for all odd-numbered frames. 64 kb/s transmitter Codirectional data output Octet timing (to ITU-T G.703): On, off. Bit error add: Single, variable 10−2 to 10−8. 3 HP 37722A telecom analyzer Datacom testing using the HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer Datacom specifications Datacom interfaces: V.24, V.11/X.21-leased, V.35. Terminal emulation: DTE, DCE. Timing modes: Synchronous from 50 b/s to 2.048 Mb/s; asynchronous from 50 b/s to 19.2 kb/s (except X.21-leased). Asynchronous mode Rates: 50, 75, 110, 134.5, 150, 200, 300, 600 b/s; 1.2, 1.8, 2.4, 4.8, 7.2, 9.6, 19.2 kb/s. Character length: 5, 6, 7 or 8 bits. Parity: Odd, even, 0, 1 or none. Stop bits: 1, 1.5 or 2. Data polarity: Normal or inverse. V.24 breakout Isolation switches: TD, RD, XTC, TC, RC, RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD, situated between drivers/receivers and interface connector. Four-state indicators: TD, RD, XTC, TC, RC, RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD and monitor. Patch points and voltage sources. V.11/V.35 activity indicators Data and clock: SD, RD, TT/ SCTE, ST/SCT, RT/SCR. Control circuits: RS, CS, TR/DTR, DM/DSR, RR/RLSD. Error add: Single, variable 10−2 to 10−5. Test patterns PRBS: 63, 511, or 2047 bit, 215 − 1, 220 − 1. Fixed: Permanent mark, alternating mark/space inversion, FOX message (asynchronous mode only). Word: User-defined word, 8 to 1024 bits in 8 bit intervals. Test period: Manual, timed interval (1 s to 100 days), bit interval (10n bits, n = 4 to 10). Synchronous mode Clock sources: Internal synthesizer, datacom interface. (Selectable clock inversion.) Interface clock rates: 50 b/s to 2.048 Mb/s, ± 10 ppm. Synthesizer rates: 1.2, 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4, 19.2, 48, 56, 64, 384, 256, 512 kb/s, 1.024, 1.984 Mb/s, variable (600 b/s to 2.048 Mb/s). V.24 rate limited to 128 kb/s. HP 37732A telecom/datacom analyzer 4 Telecom and datacom measurements Telecom measurements Datacom measurements All measurements are simultaneous. All measurements are simultaneous. Errors At 2048 kb/s have error count, average error ratio, error free seconds, % error free seconds of: bit (64 and 2048 kb/s), code, frame bit, CRC4, REBE (remote end block error – E bits). ITU-T M.2100 analysis ES, SES and availability for maintenance monitoring of transmit and receive directions. Receive only for out-of-service testing (includes PRBS defects and anomalies). ITU-T G.821 error analysis SES, %SES, ES, %ES, UAV and %UAV (telecom only), percent availability (datacom only), US, DM, %DM, long term mean error ratio. Also G.821 Annex D and user-defined thresholds. Alarms Alarm seconds and LED display of: AIS, LOS, LOF, CAS MFM loss, CRC4 MFM loss, remote alarm, remote MFM alarm, pattern sync loss, octet loss, power loss. Frequency Range: 0 to 9 MHz. Resolution: 1 Hz. Slips and COFAs Number of pattern slips in available time and changes of frame alignment (COFA) are detected and counted. Errors Bit error count/ratio, block count (the block length can be either 103 bits or PRBS length), block error count/ratio, asynchronous ES, %EFS, clock slips. ITU-T M.2100 analysis As for telecom measurements. ITU-T G.821 error analysis As for telecom measurements. Alarms Alarm seconds and LED display of: data loss, power loss, pattern sync loss, clock slip. Frequency (synchronous mode only) Range: 0 to 2.048 MHz. Resolution: 1 Hz. Control-circuit timing analysis Graphic display of the status of control circuits RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD and Mon (monitor in V.24 mode only). Round trip delay For 223 − 1 PRBS at 2 Mb/s. Range: 0 to 1023 ms ± 3% (nominal). Resolution: 1 µs. Delay Between user-defined start and stop events. Start and stop events: Transitions of RTS, CTS, DTR, DSR, DCD and Mon (user-connected monitor point for V.24 only). Ranges: 100 ms, 1 s, 10 s. Resolution: 0.1 ms up to 1 s, 1 ms above 1 s. Specifications common to the HP 37722A and 37732A analyzers Graphics and printing Graphic display and printout Barchart (results v 1920 time periods) for current or stored measurement period. Showing, for telecom: bit error count, code error count, frame error count, CRC error count, REBE (remote end block error – E-bits) error count, M2100 ES, SES count, alarms; or datacom, any of: bit error count, block error count, alarms. Bar resolution: 1, 15, 60 minutes. Printer and remote control Connector: 25-pin female RS-232-C. Printing: Results, time, date and instrument control settings to external printer. Remote control: Full duplex RS-232 control via a terminal or a computer. Results and settings storage Internal results storage Automatic, for up to 10 periods with a maximum of 80 days capacity or total capacity of approximately 5,000 events. Data retained when instrument switched off. Results stored at end of measurement period Telecom and datacom error results, ITU-T G.821/M.2100 error analysis, alarm seconds. Instrument settings storage All current settings and results saved when the instrument switched off. In addition, up to five complete telecom and five complete datacom setups, with names, stored for recall. 5 General Dimensions mm (inch): 190 (7.5) high, 340 (13.4) wide, 208 (8.2) deep including front panel cover or datacom module. Weight: HP 37722A 4.5 kg (10 lb); HP 37732A 5.9 kg (12.5 lb). ac Supply: 90 to 260 V, 60 VA, 48 to 66 Hz. Temperature: 0 to +50°C operating, −40 to +70°C storage. Specifications of options available for both analyzers 8 Mb/s measurements (Option 002) Adds framed and unframed pattern generation and measurements at 8 Mb/s. All specifications same as 2 Mb/s except: Clock: 8.448 Mb/s (internal), 500 kHz to 9 MHz (external). Line code: HDB3. Ternary data input: 8.448 Mb/s ± 100 ppm. 704 kb/s measurements (Option 003) Adds framed/unframed pattern generation and measurements at 704 kb/s. All specifications same as 2 Mb/s except: Clock: 704 kb/s. Frame error simulation: No CRC4 mode. Timeslot selection: For n up to 10. Timeslot monitor: No CRC4; MFAS replaced by timeslot 0 frames 1, 13, 15. Overhead bits setting: Si, unassigned frame, spare service, spare MFAS bits. Sub-64 kb/s testing (Option 005) Test patterns PRBS: 29 − 1, 211 − 1 (ITU-T O.151). Word: Fully programmable user word (octet aligned); 14 bits for X.50; 16 bits for X.58. External pattern: Via X.21leased port. Deselected sub-rate channel contents X.50: F0000000; F1111111; F1111110; F0000001. X.58: 11111111; 01010101. Error add Bit: Single; variable rate 10−n where n = 2 to 6. Frame: 1 to 32 consecutive frame bits (burst). Frame error add ratio: 10−n where n = 2 to 6. Measurements Errors: Bit, frame. Alarms: Frame loss; pattern loss; remote alarm. User channel interface: Conforms to ITU-T X.50 divisions 2 and 3, X.50 bis, and X.58 as appropriate for 0.6, 1.2, 2.4, 4.8, 9.6, 14.4, 19.2, 48 kb/s. Circuit numbering to ITU-T X.53. Octet monitor Displays contents of any selected 8-bit envelope. Monitors information bits and network bits. Generate and measure: X.50 and X.58, AIS (all ones). Testing of sub-64 kb/s data signals to ITU-T X.50 and X.58. Structured bearer signal: Either 64 kb/s codirectional signal or one timeslot within a 2.048 Mb/s signal (without CAS multiframe). Timeslot access (Options 005 and 006) Adds external X.21 data access and 600 ohm audio access, and internal talk/listen to a (64 kb/s) timeslot of the primary data stream. 6 X.21 data access External drop/insert. Rate: Unstructured n × 64 kb/s, n = 1 to 6. Rate: Structured sub-64 kb/s (option 005 only). Single X.50, X.58 circuit mux/ demux to 2 Mb/s, mux to 64 kb/s via X.21 interfaces. Mode: DCE. Connector: 15-pin D-type. Audio access External drop/insert. 600 ohm (0 dB TLP nominal). A-law codec. Single timeslot. Connectors: 3-pin Siemens. Input and output level: +3 dBm to –50 dBm (nominal). Internal talk/listen Tone generation and measurement (Options 005 and 006) 2.048 Mb/s only Generation Into n × 64 kb/s timeslots (n = 1 to 31). Level: 0 to −55 dBm0, 5 dB steps. Fixed frequencies: 404, 1008, 2100, 2804 Hz, ± 1 Hz. Variable frequency: 100 Hz to 3.9 kHz, ± 15 Hz. Measurement In selected 64 kb/s timeslot. Code word: Measurements with offsets. Signal level: −80 to +3 dBm0. Channel frequency: 40 Hz to 3.99 kHz. Relative frequency and bit slips (Option 010) ITU-T M.2110 and M.2120 analysis (Option 210) 2.048 Mb/s only Measurement start at userspecified time. Summary print of current settings and counts. Measures relative frequency of, and bit slips between, two ITU-T G.703 2 Mb/s signals. Results displayed as +ve and −ve peak wander (UI), cumulative bit slips, frequency offset (ppm) and graph of bit slips (256, 16 UI). Reference input level: 0 to −20 dBm. Connector: BNC 75 ohm, unbalanced. ITU-T M.2110 analysis (for bringing paths into service): 1-day and 7-day tests. Wait/pass/fail test relative to userdefined percentage path allocation. ITU-T M.2120 analysis (for in-service monitoring): 15-minute and 24 hour-contiguous measurement of errored and severely errored seconds based on user-defined path allocation. 7 Enhance your network test and maintenance strategy For more information about HewlettPackard test & measurement products, applications, services, and for a current sales office listing, visit our web site, http://www.hp.com/go/tmdir. You can also contact one of the following centers and ask for a test and measurement sales representative. United States: Hewlett-Packard Company Test and Measurement Call Center P.O. Box 4026 Englewood, CO 80155-4026 1 800 452 4844 Canada: Hewlett-Packard Canada Ltd. 5150 Spectrum Way Mississauga, Ontario L4W 5G1 (905) 206 4725 Europe: Hewlett-Packard European Marketing Centre P. O. Box 999 1180 AZ Amstelveen The Netherlands (31 20) 547 9900 Use the HP E4540A distributed network analyzer software to increase the effectiveness of technical support. Now, when your fieldtechnicians contact your support center for assistance, the technical support team can access the remote analyzer and help resolve the problem interactively. In addition, your field-technicians can control an analyzer locally for simplified testing using easy-to-construct or preconfigured test sequences and configurations. Furthermore, this powerful software lets you monitor network performance at remote sites long term, to identify intermittent faults or detect degradation before your customers do. Results are returned from remote instruments for incorporation into detailed quality-of-service reports. No programming skills are necessary for this easy-to-use, Windows®based software. For more information on the HP E4540A distributed network analyzer software, refer to brochure 5964-2240E. Japan: Hewlett-Packard Japan Ltd. Measurement Assistance Center 9-1, Takakura-Cho, Hachioji-Shi Tokyo 192, Japan Tel: (81-426) 56-7832 Fax: (81-426) 56-7840 Latin America: Hewlett-Packard Latin American Region Headquarters 5200 Blue Lagoon Drive 9th Floor Miami, Florida 33126 USA (305) 267 4245/4220 Australia/New Zealand: Hewlett-Packard Australia Ltd. 31-41 Joseph Street Blackburn, Victoria 3130 Australia 1 800 629 485 Asia Pacific: Hewlett-Packard Asia Pacific Ltd. 17-21/F Shell Tower, Times Square 1 Matheson Street, Causeway Bay Hong Kong Tel: (852) 2599 7777 Fax: (852) 2506 9285 For more detailed information on the HP 37722A and 37732A analyzers, refer to brochure 5965-3192E and configuration guide 5965-3194E. © Hewlett-Packard Limited 1997 Windows is a US trademark of Microsoft Corporation. Printed in USA Data subject to change 5965-3193E (01/97) Hewlett-Packard manufactures the HP 37722A/37732A analyzers under a quality system approved to the international standard ISO 9001 plus TickIT (BSI Registration Certificate No FM 10987).
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