HP | XP12000 | User's Manual | HP XP12000 User's Manual

HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating
system configuration guide: Windows
2000/2003
XP12000
XP10000
SVS200
Part number: A5951-96194
Fifth edition: June 2006
Legal and notice information
© Copyright 2003-2006 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
Confidential computer software. Valid license from HP required for possession, use or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211 and
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The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set forth
in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting
an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows XP, and Windows NT are U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Contents
Preface
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
About this guide . . . . . . . . .
Intended audience . . . . . . . .
Disk arrays . . . . . . . . . . .
Related documentation . . . . . .
Document conventions and symbols
HP technical support . . . . . . .
Subscription service . . . . . . .
Other HP web sites . . . . . . .
Documentation feedback . . . . .
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1 Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Features and requirements . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fibre Channel interface . . . . . . . . . . . .
Device emulation types . . . . . . . . . . . .
Failover . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
RAID Manager command devices . . . . . . .
Installation procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Install and configure the disk array . . . . . . . . .
Setting the host mode and host group mode for the
Setting the System Option Mode . . . . . . . .
Configuring the Fibre Channel ports . . . . . .
Fibre address . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fabric and connection parameter settings . .
Install and configure the host . . . . . . . . . . .
Loading the OS and software . . . . . . . . .
Installing and configuring the HBAs . . . . . . .
Cross-referencing HBAs . . . . . . . . . .
Fabric zoning and LUN security . . . . . . . .
Connect the disk array . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Defining the paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Verifying the host recognizes array devices . . .
Configure disk devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Writing signatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Creating and formatting disk partitions . . . . .
Verifying file system operations . . . . . . . .
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2 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Error conditions . . . . . .
Calling the HP support center
Contact information . .
Before you call . . . .
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25
A Path worksheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
27
B Disk array supported emulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
29
Supported emulations
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
29
3
Emulation specifications
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
30
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
33
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
37
4
Preface
About this guide
This guide provides information about:
• Requirements and procedures for connecting an XP disk array or the SVS200 to a host system
• Configuring the disk array for use with the Windows 2000/2003 operating system
Intended audience
This guide is intended for system administrators with knowledge of:
• The host hardware
• Windows 2000/2003 operating system
• XP disk arrays and/or the SVS200
Disk arrays
Unless
• HP
• HP
• HP
otherwise noted, the term “disk array” refers to these systems:
StorageWorks XP10000 Disk Array
StorageWorks XP12000 Disk Array
StorageWorks 200 Storage Virtualization System
Related documentation
The following documents provide related information:
• HP StorageWorks XP10000 Disk Array: Owner’s Guide
• HP StorageWorks XP12000 Disk Array: Owner’s Guide
• HP StorageWorks 200 Storage Virtualization System: Owner’s Guide
You can find these documents from the Manuals page of the HP Business Support Center web site:
http://www.hp.com/support/manuals
In the Storage section, click Storage array systems and then select your product.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
5
Document conventions and symbols
Convention
Element
Blue text: Document conventions and
symbols
Cross-reference links and e-mail addresses
Blue, underlined text: http://
www.hp.com
Web site addresses
Italic text
Text emphasis and book titles
Bold text
• Keys that are pressed
• Text typed into a GUI element, such as a box
• GUI elements that are clicked or selected, such as menu and
list items, buttons, tabs, and check boxes
Monospace text
•
•
•
•
Monospace, italictext
• Code variables
• Command variables
Monospace, bold text
File and directory names
System output
Code
Commands, their arguments, and argument values
Emphasized monospace text
WARNING!
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in bodily harm or death.
CAUTION:
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.
IMPORTANT:
Provides clarifying information or specific instructions.
NOTE:
Provides additional information.
TIP:
Provides helpful hints and shortcuts.
6
Preface
HP technical support
Telephone numbers for worldwide technical support are listed on the HP support web site:
http://www.hp.com/support/.
Collect the following information before calling:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Technical support registration number (if applicable)
Product serial numbers
Product model names and numbers
Error messages
Operating system type and revision level
Detailed questions
For continuous quality improvement, calls may be recorded or monitored.
Subscription service
HP recommends that you register your product at the Subscriber’s Choice for Business web site:
http://www.hp.com/go/e-updates.
After registering, you will receive e-mail notification of product enhancements, new driver versions,
firmware updates, and other product resources.
Other HP web sites
For additional information, see the following HP web sites:
•
•
•
•
http://www.hp.com
http://www.hp.com/go/storage
http://www.hp.com/service_locator
http://www.hp.com/support/manuals
Documentation feedback
HP welcomes your feedback.
To make comments and suggestions about product documentation, please send a message to
storagedocs.feedback@hp.com. All submissions become the property of HP.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
7
8
Preface
1 Installation
You and your HP service representative each play a role in installation. Your HP service representative
is responsible for installing the disk array and formatting the disk devices. You are responsible for
configuring the host server for the new devices with assistance from your HP service representative.
Features and requirements
Ask your HP service representative about the latest supported hardware and software.
The disk array has the following features:
• Storage capacity. The storage capacity for each model is listed below:
XP10000: Up to 240 drives for up to 69.2 TB, 48 FC ports
XP12000: Up to 1152 drives for up to 332 TB, 128 FC ports
SVS200 Up to 127 TB of external storage, 48 FC ports
• Server support. Windows 2000/2003 PC server with the latest HP supported patches
• Operating system support. Windows 2000/2003
Before installing the disk array, ensure the environment conforms to these requirements:
• Host Bus Adapters (HBAs) Install HBAs and all utilities and drivers. Refer to the adapter
documentation for installation details.
• (Recommended) HP StorageWorks Remote Web Console XP, Command View XP Advanced
Edition or Command View XP with LUN management feature for configuring disk array ports
and paths
• (Recommended) HP StorageWorks LUN Configuration and Security Manager XP
• (Optional) Other available XP software (some may not apply to your system):
HP StorageWorks Business Copy XP
HP StorageWorks Continuous Access XP
HP StorageWorks Continuous Access Extension XP
HP StorageWorks Continuous Access XP Journal
HP StorageWorks Auto LUN XP
HP StorageWorks Data Exchange XP
HP StorageWorks RAID Manager XP
HP StorageWorks Cache LUN XP
HP StorageWorks Auto Path XP
HP StorageWorks Cluster Extension XP
HP StorageWorks Performance Advisor XP Software
HP StorageWorks External Storage XP
HP StorageWorks XP Disk/Cache Partition Software
HP StorageWorks Flex Copy XP
HP StorageWorks XP Data Shredder Software
HP StorageWorks Performance Control XP
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
9
Fibre Channel interface
The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS200 support these Fibre Channel elements:
•
•
•
•
Connection speeds of 1 Gbps, 2 Gbps, and 4 Gbps (XP12000/XP10000 only)
Short-wave non-OFC (open fiber control) optical interface
Multimode optical cables with SC or LC connectors
Public or private arbitrated loop (FC-AL) or direct fabric attach
Even though the interface is Fibre Channel, this guide uses the term “SCSI disk” because disk array
devices are defined to the host as SCSI disks.
Device emulation types
The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS200 support these device emulation types:
• OPEN-3/8/9/E/L/V devices: OPEN-x logical units represent disk devices. Except for OPEN-V,
these devices are based on fixed sizes. OPEN-V is a user-defined size. Supported emulations
include OPEN-3, OPEN-8, OPEN-9, OPEN-E, OPEN-L, and OPEN-V devices.
• LUSE devices (OPEN-x*n): Logical Unit Size Expansion (LUSE) devices combine 2 to 36 OPEN-x
devices to create expanded LDEVs larger than standard OPEN-3/8/9/E/L/V disk devices.
For example, an OPEN-x LUSE volume created from ten OPEN-x volumes is designated as
OPEN-x*10.
• CVS devices (OPEN-x CVS): Volume Size Configuration (VSC) defines custom volumes (CVS) that
are smaller than normal fixed-sized logical disk devices (volumes). (OPEN-V is a CVS-based
custom disk size that you determine. OPEN-L does not support CVS.)
• LUSE (expanded) CVS devices (OPEN-x*n CVS): LUSE CVS combines CVS devices to create an
expanded device. This is done by first creating CVS custom-sized devices and then using LUSE to
combine from 2 to 36 CVS devices. For example, if three OPEN-9 CVS volumes are combined to
create an expanded device, this device is designated as OPEN-9*3-CVS.
NOTE:
For the SVS200, and the XP12000/XP10000 when connected to external storage devices, HP
recommends using OPEN-V as the emulation the array makes visible to the host. This allows external
storage LDEVs to be configured without losing data. Using any other emulation may cause data loss
in the external storage LUNs.
Failover
The disk arrays support many standard software products that provide host, application, or I/O path
failover and management.
10
Installation
SNMP configuration
The XP family of disk arrays and the SVS200 support standard Simple Network Management Protocol
(SNMP) for remotely managing arrays. The SNMP agent on the service processor (SVP) performs
error-reporting operations requested by the SNMP manager. SNMP properties are usually set from the
SVP but they can also be set remotely using Command View (XP arrays only), Remote Web Console, or
Command View XP Advanced Edition. Refer to the applicable user’s guide for procedures.
RAID Manager command devices
RAID Manager manages Business Copy (BC) or Continuous Access (CA) operations from a host server.
To use RAID Manager you must designate at least one LDEV as a command device. This can be done
with Command View (XP arrays only), Remote Web Console , or Command View XP Advanced Edition.
Refer to the applicable user guide for information about how to designate a command device.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
11
Installation procedures
Perform these actions to install and configure the disk array:
1. Install and configure the disk array
• Setting the host mode and host group mode
• Setting the System Option Mode
• Configuring the Fibre Channel ports
2. Install and configure the host
• Loading the OS and software
• Installing and configuring the HBAs
• Fabric zoning and LUN security
3. Connect the disk array
• Defining the paths
• Verifying the host recognizes array devices
4. Configure disk devices
• Writing signatures
• Creating and formatting disk partitions
• Verifying file system operations
Install and configure the disk array
The HP service representative performs these tasks:
• Assembling hardware and installing software
• Loading the microcode updates
• Installing and formatting devices
After these tasks are finished, use Command View (XP arrays only), Remote Web Console, Command
View XP Advanced Edition, or LUN Configuration and Security Manager to complete the remaining
tasks listed below. If you do not have these programs, your HP service representative can perform
these tasks for you.
12
Installation
Setting the host mode and host group mode for the disk array ports
After the disk array is installed, you must set the host mode for each disk array port to match the host OS.
Set the host mode using LUN Manager in Remote Web Console (shown), Command View (XP arrays
only), or Command View XP Advanced Edition. If these are not available, the HP service representative
can set the host mode using the SVP.
The available host mode settings for Windows 2000/2003 are as follows:
Host mode
Description
2C (available on some array models)
HP recommended. (For use with LUSE volumes when
online LUN expansion is required or may be required
in the future.)
0C
HP recommended. (Use if future online LUN
expansion is not required or planned.)
Volume on XP array (examples)
Volume name as seen on host
host mode = 0C
host mode = 2C
OPEN-E
OPEN-E
OPEN-E
OPEN-9
OPEN-9
OPEN-9
OPEN-9*2
OPEN-9*2
OPEN-9
OPEN-9*3-CVS
OPEN-9*3-CVS
OPEN-9-CVS
CAUTION:
The correct host mode must be set for all new installations (newly connected ports) to Windows
2000/2003 hosts. Do not select a mode other than 2C and 0C for Windows 2000/2003. Changing a
host mode after the host has been connected is disruptive and requires the server to be rebooted.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
13
When a new host group is added, additional host group modes (options) may be configured. The
storage administrator must verify if an additional host group mode is required for the host group.
The following host group modes are available for Windows 2000/2003:
Host
Group
Mode
2
(Windows
2003 only)
6
Function
Default
VERITAS DBE+RAC Database
Edition/Advanced Cluster for Real
Application Clusters or VERITAS® Cluster
Server 4.0 with I/O fencing is used.
Inactive
Parameter Setting Failure for TPRLO
When using the Emulex HBA in the
Windows environment, the parameter
setting for TPRLO failed. After receiving
TPRLO and FCP_CMD, respectively. PRLO
will respond when HostMode=0x0C/0x2C
and HostModeOption=0x06. (MAIN
Ver.50-03-14-00/00 and later)
Inactive
Comments
CAUTION:
Changing host group modes for ports where servers are already installed and configured is disruptive
and requires the server to be rebooted.
Setting the System Option Mode
The HP service representative sets the System Option Mode(s) based on the operating system and
software configuration of the host.
14
Installation
Configuring the Fibre Channel ports
Configure the disk array Fibre Channel ports by using Remote Web Console (shown), Command View
(XP arrays only), or Command View XP Advanced Edition. Select the settings for each port based on
your storage area network topology. Use switch zoning if you connect different types of hosts to the
array through the same switch.
Fibre address
In fabric environments, the port addresses are assigned automatically. In arbitrated loop environments,
set the port addresses by selecting a unique arbitrated loop physical address (AL-PA) or loop ID for each
port. For specific values, refer to the HP StorageWorks LUN Configuration and Security Manager XP
User Guide applicable to your array.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
15
Fabric and connection parameter settings
Set each array port to FABRIC ON or OFF with connections of POINT-TO-POINT or FC-AL as shown in
the following table and figures. For detailed topology information, refer to the HP StorageWorks SAN
Design Reference Guide on the www.hp.com website.
Fabric parameter
Connection parameter
Provides
OFF
FC-AL
NL-port (private arbitrated loop)
ON
FC-AL
FL-port (public loop) for loop connection to a
switch
ON
POINT-TO-POINT
N-port (fabric port) for connection to a switch
OFF
POINT-TO-POINT
Not supported
Install and configure the host
This section explains how to install and configure the host and host bus adapters (HBAs) that connect the
host to the disk array.
Loading the OS and software
Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to load the operating system and software onto the host. Load all
OS patches and configuration utilities supported by HP and the HBA manufacturer.
If you purchased multipath software, install it according to the manufacturer’s instructions.
Installing and configuring the HBAs
Install and configure the host bus adapters using the HBA manufacturer’s instructions.
HP supplies driver, firmware, and BIOS downloads for commonly available HBAs. These downloads
contain HBA settings that are tested and approved by HP. To obtain a download, log onto the HP website
at www.hp.com and search for the model name or number of your HBA. Download the file, and follow
the installation instructions in the “readme” or documentation file supplied with each download.
16
Installation
Cross-referencing HBAs
The following table identifies both the HP part number and the HBA manufacturer’s number for common
HBAs.
HP part
OEM partner
OEM adapter
Family (*1)
KGPSA-CB
Emulex
LP8000
1
FCA2355
Emulex
LP9002DC
1
FCA2101
Emulex
LP952
1
FCA2408 / A7298A
Emulex
LP982
2
FCA2404 / AB232A
Emulex
LP9802
2
FCA2404DC
Emulex
LP9802DC
2
A7388A / AB467A
Emulex
LP1050
3
A7387A / AB466A
Emulex
LP1050DC
3
A7560A
Emulex
LP1050EX
3
None
Emulex
LP10000
3
FCA2142/A8002A
Emulex
LPe11002
6
FCA2242/A8003A
Emulex
LPe1150
6
FC2143
Emulex
LP1150
7
FC2243
Emulex
LP11002
7
FCA2214
QLogic
QLA2340
4
FCA2214DC
QLogic
QLA2342
4
FC1142SR
QLogic
QLE2460
8
FC1242SR
QLogic
QLE2462
8
BL20p G2 (FC Mezzanine
Card) BL20p G3 (FC Adapter
Card)
QLogic Chipset
None
4
BL25p, BL45p (HPALCF 105)
QLogic Chipset
None
4
BL30p, BL35p (FC Balcony
Card)
QLogic Chipset
None
4
394757–B2 (E-FC Adapter
Card): BL20p G3
Emulex Chipset
None
5
394588–B2 (E-FC Adapter
Card): BL25p, BL30p, BL35p,
BL45p
Emulex Chipset
None
5
Note *1: Family number shows which HBAs can use similar driver/BIOS/firmware.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
17
Fabric zoning and LUN security
By using appropriate zoning and LUN security, you can connect various servers with various operating
systems to the same switch and fabric:
• Storage port zones may overlap if more than one operating system needs to share an array port.
• Heterogeneous operating systems may share an XP array port if you use Secure Manager and set
the appropriate host group and mode. All others must connect to a dedicated XP array port.
• Use Secure Manager for LUN isolation when multiple hosts connect through a shared array
port. Secure Manager provides LUN security by allowing you to restrict which LUNs each host
can access.
• QLogic and Emulex HBAs must be in separate zones (a QLogic zone and an Emulex zone)
whether the HBAs are in the same or separate servers.
• If booting over the SAN, within a server, the booting HBAs must be from the same vendor.
Additional data storage HBAs can be from a different vendor.
Environment
Standalone SAN
(non-clustered)
Clustered SAN
Multi-Cluster SAN
OS mix
Fabric zoning
homogeneous (a single
OS type present in the
SAN)
Not required
heterogeneous (more
than one OS type
present in the SAN)
Required
LUN security
Must be used when
multiple hosts or cluster
nodes connect through
a shared port
• If you plan to use clustering, install and configure the clustering software on the servers. Clustering
is the organization of multiple servers into groups. Within a cluster, each server is a node.
Multiple clusters compose a multi-cluster environment. The following example shows a multi-cluster
environment with three clusters, each containing two nodes. The nodes share access to the
disk array.
18
Installation
Connect the disk array
The HP representative connects the cables between the array and the host or between the array and the
SAN.
Defining the paths
Use Remote Web Console (shown), Command View (XP arrays only), or Command View XP Advanced
Edition to define paths (LUNs) between hosts and volumes in the disk array.
This process is also called “LUN mapping.” In Remote Web Console and Command View, LUN mapping
includes:
•
•
•
•
•
Configuring ports
Enabling LUN security on the ports
Creating host groups
Assigning host bus adapter WWNs to host groups
Mapping volumes to host groups (by assigning LUNs
In Command View XP Advanced Edition, LUN mapping includes:
• Configuring ports
• Creating storage groups
• Mapping volumes and WWN/host access permissions to the storage groups
For details see the LUN Configuration and Security Manager User’s Guide or Command View XP
Advanced Edition Device Manager Web Client User’s Guide. Note the LUNS and their ports, WWNs,
nicknames, and LDEVs for later use in verifying host and device configuration.
NOTE:
A LUN assigned a number greater than FF is outside the accepted range of numbers for a Windows
server (00 to FE) and will not be recognized by the server or be visible for use.
Windows 2003: To see LUNs, you must create a LUN 0 when using the SCSIPort Miniport Driver. This is
not necessary if using the StorPort Miniport Driver.
Windows 2000: A LUN 0 must be created to discover more than LUNs 0 to 7.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
19
Verifying the host recognizes array devices
1. Log into the host as an administrator.
2. Right-click the My Computer desktop icon, and click Manage.
3. Click Device Manager.
4. Click SCSI and RAID Controllers.
5. Click the host bus adapter to open it, and verify all devices are displayed.
6. Click each device, click Properties, and then click Settings.
7. Record the device information on the worksheet in Appendix A.
Configure disk devices
Disk arrays are configured using the same procedure for configuring any new disk on the host. This
includes the following procedures:
• Writing signatures
• Creating and formatting disk partitions
• Verifying file system operations
Writing signatures
1. Right-click on the My Computer desktop icon and click Manage.
2. Click Disk Management. A message notifies you that disks have been added.
3. Click OK to update the system configuration and start the Write Signature wizard, which allows
you to write signatures to the disks.
4. For each new disk, click OK to write a signature, or click No to prevent writing a signature.
5. When you have performed this process for all new disks, the Disk Management main window
opens and displays the added disks.
20
Installation
Creating and formatting disk partitions
Dynamic Disk is supported with no restrictions for a disk array connected to a Windows 2000/ 2003
system. Refer to Microsoft’s online help for details.
CAUTION:
Do not partition or create a file system on a device that will be used as a raw device (for example,
some database applications use raw devices.)
1. In the Disk Management main window, select the unallocated area for the SCSI disk you want
to partition.
2. Click the Action menu, and click Create Partition to launch the New Partition Wizard. Follow the
Partition Wizard to create and format partitions and assign drive letters. Format partitions with the
following settings and format options.
File System: NTFS (enables Windows to write to the disk).
Allocation unit size: “Default.” Do not change this entry.
Volume label: Enter a volume label, or leave this field blank for no label.
Format Options: Click Perform a Quick Format to decrease the time required to format the partition.
Click Enable file and folder compression only if you want to enable compression.
3. Verify the Disk Management main window displays the correct file system (NTFS) for the formatted
partition. The word “Healthy” indicates that the partition has been created and formatted successfully.
4. Repeat this procedure for each new disk device.
5. Exit Disk Management, clicking Yes to save your changes.
Verifying file system operations
1. Open My Computer and check that the new disks are present.
2. Right-click each disk to view Properties and verify the properties are correct (label, type, capacity,
and file system).
3. Copy a file from an existing drive to each new drive to verify the new drives are working, and
then delete the copies.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
21
22
Installation
2 Troubleshooting
This section includes resolutions for various error conditions you may encounter.
If you are unable to resolve an error condition, ask your HP support representative for assistance. See
Calling the HP support center.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
23
Error conditions
Depending on your system configuration, you may be able to view error messages (R-SIMS) as follows:
• In Remote Web Console XP (Status tab)
• In Command View XP Advanced Edition (“Alerts” panel).
• In Command View XP (Event History or Event Notification panels) (XP arrays only)
Error condition
Recommended action
The logical devices are not recognized by the host.
Verify that the READY indicator lights on the disk
array are ON.
Verify that fiber cables are correctly installed and
firmly connected.
Verify that the target IDs are properly configured.
The LUNs for each TID must start at 0 and continue
sequentially without skipping any numbers.
Verify that the TIDs/WWNs on each bus are unique.
Do not install two devices with the same ID on the
same bus.
Recheck the buses for new devices.
Verify that LUSE devices are not intermixed with
normal LUNs on the same port.
Verify that the maximum number of LUSE devices per
port has not been exceeded.
Verify that the disk array host mode is set correctly.
The host does not reboot properly after hard
shutdown.
If you power off the host without executing the
shutdown process, wait three minutes to allow the
disk array’s internal timeout process to purge queued
commands. If the host restarts while the disk array
is processing queued commands, the host may not
reboot successfully.
Physical volumes cannot be created.
Verify that the disk array logical devices are correctly
formatted.
Logical volumes cannot be created.
Verify that the volume capacity for OPEN-x volumes is
not greater than the maximum capacity allowed. See
the Device Emulations Appendix.
Verify that the capacity of the volume group is not
less than the total capacity of the partitioned logical
volume.
A file system is not mounted after rebooting.
Verify that the host was restarted correctly.
Verify that the file system attributes are correct.
The disk array performs a self reboot because the
disk array was busy or it logged a panic message.
Reboot the host.
The disk array responds “Not Ready” or the disk
array has displayed “Not Ready” and timed out.
Contact HP.
The host detects a parity error.
Check the HBA and make sure it was installed
properly. Reboot the host.
The host hangs or devices are declared and the host
hangs.
Make sure there are no duplicate disk array TIDs and
that disk array TIDs do not conflict with any host TIDs.
24
Troubleshooting
Calling the HP support center
If you are unable to resolve an error condition, contact the HP support center for assistance.
Contact information
Telephone numbers for worldwide technical support are listed on the HP support web site:
http://www.hp.com/support/.
Before you call
Be sure to have the following information available:
•
•
•
•
•
•
Technical support registration number (if applicable)
Product serial numbers
Product model names and numbers
Applicable error messages
Operating system type and revision level
Detailed, specific questions
For continuous quality improvement, calls may be recorded or monitored.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
25
26
Troubleshooting
A
Path worksheet
LDEV (CU:LDEV) (CU =
control unit)
Device Type
SCSI Bus
Number
Path 1
Alternate Paths
0:00
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:01
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:02
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:03
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:04
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:05
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:06
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:07
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:08
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:09
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:10
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:11
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:12
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:13
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:13
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:14
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:15
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:16
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
0:17
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
TID:
LUN:
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
27
28
Path worksheet
B
Disk array supported emulations
This appendix provides information about supported emulations and emulation specifications. Some
parameters may not be relevant to your array. Consult your HP representative for information about
supported configurations for your system.
Supported emulations
Emulation
Emulation
supported
LUSE
CVS
LUSE & CVS
OPEN-3
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
OPEN-8
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XP10000
OPEN-9
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XP12000
OPEN-E
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
SVS200
OPEN-K
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
XP model
OPEN-L
OPEN-M
OPEN-V
NOTE:
For the SVS200, and the XP12000/XP10000 when connected to external storage devices, HP
recommends using OPEN-V as the emulation the array makes visible to the host. This allows external
storage LDEVs to be configured without losing data. Using any other emulation may cause data loss
in the external storage LUNs.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
29
Emulation specifications
Emulation (Note
1)
Category
(Note 2)
Blocks (512
bytes )
Sector
Size
(bytes)
# of
Cylinders
Heads
Sectors
per
track
Capacity
MB* (Note
3)
OPEN-3
SCSI disk
4806720
512
3338
15
96
2347
OPEN-8
SCSI disk
14351040
512
9966
15
96
7007
OPEN-9
SCSI disk
14423040
512
10016
15
96
7042
OPEN-E
SCSI disk
28452960
512
19759
15
96
13893
OPEN-L
SCSI disk
71192160
512
49439
15
96
34761
OPEN-V
SCSI disk
max=125827200
512
Note 5
15
128
Note 6
OPEN-3*n
SCSI disk
4806720*n
512
3338*n
15
96
2347*n
OPEN-8*n
SCSI disk
14351040*n
512
9966*n
15
96
7007*n
OPEN-9*n
SCSI disk
14423040*n
512
10016*n
15
96
7042*n
OPEN-E*n
SCSI disk
28452960*n
512
19759*n
15
96
13893*n
OPEN-L*n
SCSI disk
71192160*n
512
49439*n
15
96
34761*n
OPEN-V*n
SCSI disk
max=125827200
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
128
Note 6
OPEN-3 CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-8 CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-9 CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-E CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-3*n CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-8*n CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-9*n CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-E*n CVS
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
96
Note 6
OPEN-V*n
SCSI disk
Note 4
512
Note 5
15
128
Note 6
LUSE
CVS
CVS LUSE
*Capacity = (512 x number of blocks) ÷ 10242
Note 1:
The availability of an emulation depends on the disk array.
Note 2:
The devices are defined to the host as SCSI disk devices, even though the interface is Fibre Channel.
Note 3:
The device capacity can sometimes be changed by the BIOS or host adapter board. This may make
actual capacity different from that listed in the table.
30
Disk array supported emulations
Note 4:
The number of blocks for a CVS volume is calculated as follows:
# of blocks = (# of cylinders) × (# of heads) × (# of sectors per track)
Example
For an OPEN-3 CVS volume with capacity = 37 MB:
# of blocks = (53 cylinders–see Note 5) × (15 heads) ×
(96 sectors per track) = 76320
Example
For an OPEN-V CVS volume with capacity = 49 MB:
# of blocks = (53 cylinders–see Note 5) × (15 heads) ×
(128 sectors per track) = 101760
Note 5:
The number of cylinders for a CVS volume is calculated as follows (↑…↑ means that the value should be
rounded up to the next integer):
OPEN-3/8/9/E: The number of cylinders for a CVS volume = # of cylinders = ↑ (capacity (MB) specified
by user) × 1024/720 ↑
Example
For an OPEN-3 CVS volume with capacity = 37 MB:
# of cylinders = ↑37 × 1024/720↑ = ↑52.62↑
(rounded up to next integer) = 53 cylinders
OPEN-V: The number of cylinders for a CVS volume = # of cylinders = ↑ (capacity (MB) specified by
user) × 16/15 ↑
Example
For an OPEN-V CVS volume with capacity = 49 MB:
# of cylinders = ↑49 × 16/15↑ = ↑52.26↑
(rounded up to next integer) = 53 cylinders
OPEN-3/8/9/E: The number of cylinders for a CVS LUSE volume = # of cylinders = ↑ (capacity (MB)
specified by user) × 1024/720 ↑ × n
Example
For a CVS LUSE volume with capacity = 37 MB and n = 4:
# of cylinders = ↑37 × 1024/720↑ × 4 = ↑52.62↑× 4 = 53 × 4 = 212
OPEN-V: The number of cylinders for a CVS LUSE volume = # of cylinders = ↑ (capacity (MB) specified
by user) × 16/15 ↑ × n
Example
For an OPEN-V CVS LUSE volume with capacity = 49 MB and n = 4:
# of cylinders = ↑49 × 16/15↑ × 4 = ↑52.26↑× 4 = 53 × 4 = 212
Note 6:
The capacity of an OPEN-3/8/9/E CVS volume is specified in MB, not number of cylinders. The capacity
of an OPEN-V CVS volume can be specified in MB or number of cylinders. You set the volume size using
Remote Web Console, Command View (XP arrays only), or Command View XP Advanced Edition.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
31
32
Disk array supported emulations
Glossary
AL
Arbitrated loop.
AL-PA
Arbitrated loop physical address.
array group
A group of 4 or 8 physical hard disk drives (HDDs) installed in an XP disk array
and assigned a common RAID level. RAID1 array groups consist of 4 (2D+2D)
or 8 HDDs (4D+4D). RAID5 array groups include a parity disk but also consist
of 4 (3D+1P) or 8 HDDs (7D+1P). All RAID6 array groups are made up of 8
HDDs (6D+2P).
BC
HP StorageWorks Business Copy XP. BC lets you maintain up to nine local
copies of logical volumes on the disk array.
CA
HP StorageWorks Continuous Access XP. CA lets you create and maintain
duplicate copies of local logical volumes on a remote disk array.
Command View
(CVXP)
HP StorageWorks Command View XP, a software product for managing XP
arrays. Command View runs on a Windows-based management workstation.
Command View
XP Advanced Edition (CVXP AE)
HP StorageWorks Command View XP Advanced Edition, installs on the
user-provided Device Manager server and provides a browser-based platform
from which you can manage the SVS200 and the XP family of disk arrays—even
globally distributed arrays.
command device
A volume on the disk array that accepts Continuous Access or Business Copy
control operations which are then executed by the disk array.
CU
Control Unit. Contains LDEVs and is approximately equivalent to SCSI Target ID.
CVS
Custom volume size. CVS devices (OPEN-x CVS) are custom volumes configured
using array management software to be smaller than normal fixed-size OPEN
system volumes. Synonymous with volume size customization (VSC).
DKC
The array cabinet that houses the channel adapters and service processor (SVP).
DKU (disk cabinet
unit)
The array cabinets that house the disk array physical disks.
emulation modes
The logical devices (LDEVs) associated with each RAID group are assigned an
emulation mode that makes them operate like OPEN system disk drives. The
emulation mode determines the size of an LDEV:
OPEN-3: 2.46 GB
OPEN-8: 7.38 GB
OPEN-9: 7.42 GB
OPEN-E: 13.56 GB
OPEN-L: 36 GB
OPEN-V: User-defined custom size
failover
Disconnecting a failed unit or path and replacing it with an alternative unit or
path in order to continue functioning.
FC
Fibre Channel.
FC-AL
Fibre Channel arbitrated loop.
FCP
Fibre Channel Protocol.
GB
Gigabytes.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
33
HBA
Host bus adapter.
host mode
Each port can be configured for a particular host type. These modes are
represented as two-digit hexadecimal numbers. For example, host mode 08
represents an HP-UX host.
LDEV
Logical device. An LDEV is created when a RAID group is carved into pieces
according to the selected host emulation mode (that is, OPEN-3, OPEN-8,
OPEN-L). The number of resulting LDEVs depends on the selected emulation
mode. The term LDEV is often used synonymously with the term volume.
LUN
Logical unit number. A LUN results from mapping a SCSI logical unit number,
port ID, and LDEV ID to a RAID group. The size of the LUN is determined by the
emulation mode of the LDEV and the number of LDEVs associated with the LUN.
For example, a LUN associated with two OPEN-3 LDEVs has a size of 4,693 MB.
LUSE
A LUN is normally associated with only a single LDEV. The LUSE feature allows
a LUN to be associated with 1 to 36 LDEVs. Essentially, LUSE makes it possible
for applications to access a single large pool of storage. The LUSE feature is
available when the HP StorageWorks LUN Configuration and Security Manager
product is installed.
OFC
Open Fibre Control.
OPEN-x
A general term describing any one of the supported OPEN emulation modes
(for example, OPEN-L).
OS
Operating system.
PA
Physical address.
path
“Path” and “LUN” are synonymous. Paths are created by associating a port, a
target, and a LUN ID with one or more LDEVs.
port
A physical connection that allows data to pass between a host and the disk
array. The number of ports on an XP disk array depends on the number of
supported I/O slots and the number of ports available per I/O adapter. The
XP family of disk arrays supports Fibre Channel (FC) ports as well as other
port types. Ports are named by port group and port letter, such as CL1-A. CL1
is the group, and A is the port letter.
RAID
Redundant array of independent disks.
remote console PC
The PC running HP StorageWorks Remote Control XP.
Remote Control
(RC)
HP StorageWorks Remote Control XP. A software product used for managing
XP arrays.
Remote Web Console (RWC)
HP StorageWorks XP Remote Web Console. A browser-based program installed
on the SVP that allows you to configure and manage the disk array.
R-SIM
Remote service information message.
SCSI
Small computer system interface.
SIM
Service information message.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SVP
Service processor, which is the PC built into the disk controller. The SVP
provides a direct interface into the disk array. SVP use is reserved for HP
support representatives only.
SVS
Storage Virtualization System, an appliance that manages multiple disk array
storage systems.
34
Glossary
TB
Terabyte.
TID
Target ID.
Volume
On the XP array, a volume is a uniquely identified virtual storage device
composed of a control unit (CU) component and a logical device (LDEV)
component separated by a colon. For example 00:00 and 01:00 are two
uniquely identified volumes; one is identified as CU = 00 and LDEV = 00, and
the other as CU = 01 and LDEV = 00; they are two unique separate virtual
storage devices within the XP array.
VSC
Volume size customization. Synonymous with CVS.
WWN
World Wide Name. A unique identifier assigned to a Fibre Channel device.
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
35
36
Glossary
Index
A
AL-PA, 15
arbitrated-loop physical address, 15
audience, 5
Auto LUN XP, 9
Auto Path XP, 9
documentation
HP web site, 5
providing feedback, 7
E
B
Business Copy XP, 9, 11
emulation(s)
supported, 30
error conditions, 24
External Storage XP, 9
C
F
Cache LUN XP, 9
Cluster Extension XP, 9
command device(s)
RAID Manager, 11
Command View, 9, 11, 15, 19
Command View XP Advanced Edition, 9, 11,
15, 19
configuration
Fibre Channel ports, 15
host mode, setting, 13
port, 15
configure devices, 20
Continuous Access Extension XP, 9
Continuous Access XP, 9, 11
Continuous Access XP Journal, 9
conventions
document, 6
text symbols, 6
D
Data Exchange XP, 9
device(s)
configuring, 20
logical, not recognized by host, 24
type specifications, 30
types supported, 10
disk array(s)
connecting, 19
installation, 12
Not Ready error message, 24
self reboots, 24
disk partitions
create, 21
format, 21
document
conventions, 6
related documentation, 5
fabric topology settings, 16
failover, 10
Fibre Channel
interface, 10
Fibre Channel
adapters, configuring, 16
file system(s)
not mounted after rebooting, 24
verify operations, 21
Flex Copy XP, 9
G
glossary, 33
H
help
obtaining, 7
host
doesn’t reboot properly, 24
hangs up, 24
Host Bus adapter
configuring, 17
host mode, setting, 13
HP
technical support, 7
I
installation
disk array, 12
interface
Fibre Channel, 10
L
LDEV(s)
designate at least one as a command device,
11
HP StorageWorks Disk Array XP operating system configuration guide: Windows 2000/2003
37
logical volumes, cannot be created, 24
LUN Configuration and Security Manager XP,
9, 19
LUN(s)
creating, 19
mapping, 19
software, optional, 9
Subscriber’s Choice, HP, 7
symbols in text, 6
system option mode, 14
O
technical support
HP, 7, 25
service locator web site, 7
text symbols, 6
troubleshooting
error conditions, 24
technical support, 25
optional software, 9
P
parity error, 24
path(s)
defining, 19
worksheet, 27
Performance Advisor XP Software, 9
Performance Control XP, 9
physical volumes, cannot be created, 24
port(s)
Fibre Channel, 15
host mode, setting, 13
R
RAID Manager command devices, 11
RAID Manager XP, 9
related documentation, 5
Remote Web Console, 9, 11, 15, 19
S
SNMP configuration, 11
38
T
V
volume(s)
logical, cannot be created, 24
physical, cannot be created, 24
W
web sites
HP , 7
HP Subscriber’s Choice for Business, 7
product manuals, 5
worksheet, path, 27
X
XP Data Shredder SW, 9
XP Disk/Cache Partition SW, 9
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