HP | IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class Solaris | User's Manual | HP IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class Solaris User's Manual

HP IO Accelerator 3.2.3 Solaris
User Guide
Abstract
This document describes software requirements for all relevant HP IO Accelerators using Linux operating systems. This document is intended for
system administrators who plan to install and use HP IO Accelerators with a Linux operating system. It is helpful to have previous experience with HP
IO Accelerators and a Linux operating system. This user guide is intended for IO Accelerator software release 3.2.3 or later.
Part Number: 652148-001
March 2013
Edition: 1
© Copyright 2013 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.
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Contents
About this guide ........................................................................................................................... 5
Contents summary ..................................................................................................................................... 5
Introduction .................................................................................................................................. 6
Overview ................................................................................................................................................. 6
Product naming ......................................................................................................................................... 6
Performance attributes................................................................................................................................ 7
Required operating environment .................................................................................................................. 8
Supported firmware revisions ............................................................................................................ 8
Supported hardware ........................................................................................................................ 8
Software installation .................................................................................................................... 11
Installation overview ................................................................................................................................ 11
Installing the software and utilities ............................................................................................................. 11
Loading the IO Accelerator VSL facility (driver) ............................................................................................ 12
Upgrading the firmware ........................................................................................................................... 12
Enabling PCIe power ............................................................................................................................... 13
Using the device as a swap ...................................................................................................................... 13
Configuring a ZFS pool ............................................................................................................................ 13
Maintenance .............................................................................................................................. 14
Maintenance tools ................................................................................................................................... 14
Command-line utilities .............................................................................................................................. 14
Enabling PCIe power override .................................................................................................................. 14
Enabling the override parameter ............................................................................................................... 15
Uninstalling IO Accelerator VSL and utilities ................................................................................................ 16
Disabling auto attach ............................................................................................................................... 16
Unmanaged shutdown issues .................................................................................................................... 16
Disabling the IO Accelerator VSL ............................................................................................................... 17
Enabling the IO Accelerator VSL ............................................................................................................... 17
Monitoring and managing devices ............................................................................................... 18
Introduction to monitoring and managing devices ........................................................................................ 18
Management tools ................................................................................................................................... 18
Example conditions to monitor .................................................................................................................. 19
Device LED indicators .............................................................................................................................. 20
Performance and tuning............................................................................................................... 21
Introduction to performance and tuning ...................................................................................................... 21
Disabling DVFS ....................................................................................................................................... 21
Limiting APCI C-states .............................................................................................................................. 21
Utilities ...................................................................................................................................... 22
Utilities reference..................................................................................................................................... 22
fio-attach ................................................................................................................................................ 22
fio-beacon .............................................................................................................................................. 23
fio-bugreport ........................................................................................................................................... 23
fio-detach ............................................................................................................................................... 24
fio-format ............................................................................................................................................... 25
Contents
3
fio-status ................................................................................................................................................. 26
fio-sure-erase .......................................................................................................................................... 28
fio-update-iodrive .................................................................................................................................... 30
Monitoring IO Accelerator health ................................................................................................. 33
NAND flash and component failure ........................................................................................................... 33
Health metrics ......................................................................................................................................... 33
Health monitoring techniques .................................................................................................................... 34
ZFS pools and health monitoring ............................................................................................................... 35
Using module parameters ......................................................................................................................... 35
Upgrading devices...................................................................................................................... 36
Upgrading devices for IO Accelerator VSL 2.x.x to 3.x.x .............................................................................. 36
Upgrade procedure ................................................................................................................................. 36
Resources .................................................................................................................................. 39
Subscription service ................................................................................................................................. 39
For more information ............................................................................................................................... 39
Support and other resources ........................................................................................................ 40
Before you contact HP.............................................................................................................................. 40
HP contact information ............................................................................................................................. 40
Customer Self Repair ............................................................................................................................... 40
Acronyms and abbreviations ........................................................................................................ 48
Documentation feedback ............................................................................................................. 49
Index ......................................................................................................................................... 50
Contents
4
About this guide
Contents summary
•
Instructions on downloading and installing the approved driver and utilities
•
Instructions on maintaining the IO Accelerator
•
Description of the following IO Accelerator models:
o
HP IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
o
HP PCIe IO Accelerator
o
HP PCIe IO Accelerator Duo
CAUTION: Before upgrading to 3.x.x software and firmware, back up all data on the IO
Accelerator. The 3.2.3 software and firmware reformat the drive, which causes data to be lost if
not backed up. The 3.2.3 software is not backward compatible with 1.2.x or 2.x software.
About this guide
5
Introduction
Overview
Designed around ioMemory, a revolutionary storage architecture, HP IO Accelerator is an advanced NAND
flash storage device. With performance comparable to DRAM and storage capacity on par with hard disks,
the IO Accelerator increases performance so that every server can contain internal storage that exceeds the
I/O performance of an enterprise SAN.
HP IO Accelerator is the first data accelerator designed specifically to improve the bandwidth for I/O-bound
applications.
In addition to the hardware driver, the IO Accelerator also includes a VSL. This hybrid of the RAM
virtualization subsystem and the disk I/O subsystem combines the best features of both systems. VSL functions
as a disk to interface well with block-based applications and software, while also running like RAM
underneath to maximize performance. This feature produces the following benefits:
•
Performance: The VSL offers direct and parallel access to multiple CPU cores, enabling near linear
performance scaling, consistent performance across different read/write workloads, and low latency
with minimal interruptions and context switching.
•
Extensibility: The VSL enables flash-optimized software development, making each IO Accelerator
module a flexible building block for creating a flash-optimized data center.
Product naming
HP IO Accelerator Generation 1 devices include:
•
AJ876A: HP 80 GB IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
•
AJ877A: HP 160 GB IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
•
AJ878A: HP 320 GB IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
•
AJ878B: HP 320 GB IO MLC Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
•
BK836A: HP 640 GB IO MLC Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
IMPORTANT: Generation 1 IO accelerators for BladeSystem c-Class are only compatible with
G7 and earlier server blades.
•
600278-B21: HP 160 GB Single Level Cell PCIe ioDrive for ProLiant Servers
•
600279-B21: HP 320 GB Multi Level Cell PCIe ioDrive for ProLiant Servers
•
600281-B21: HP 320 GB Single Level Cell PCIe ioDrive Duo for ProLiant Servers
•
600282-B21: HP 640 GB Multi Level Cell PCIe ioDrive Duo for ProLiant Servers
•
641027-B21: HP 1.28 TB Multi Level Cell PCIe ioDrive Duo for ProLiant Servers
HP IO Accelerator Generation 2 devices include:
•
QK761A: HP 365 GB IO MLC Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
Introduction
6
•
QK762A: HP 785 GB IO MLC Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
•
QK763A: HP 1.2 TB IO MLC Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
IMPORTANT: Generation 2 IO accelerators for BladeSystem c-Class are only compatible with
Gen8 and later server blades.
•
673642-B21: HP 365 GB Multi Level Cell G2 PCIe ioDrive2 for ProLiant Servers
•
673644-B21: HP 785 GB Multi Level Cell G2 PCIe ioDrive2 for ProLiant Servers
•
673646-B21: HP 1205 GB Multi Level Cell G2 PCIe ioDrive2 for ProLiant Servers
•
673648-B21: HP 2410 GB Multi Level Cell G2 PCIe ioDrive2 Duo for ProLiant Servers
•
721458-B21: HP 3.0 TB Multi Level Cell G2 PCIe ioDrive2 for ProLiant Servers
Performance attributes
IO Accelerator capacity
Models AJ878B and
BK836A
320GB
640GB
NAND type
MLC (Multi Level Cell)
MLC (Multi Level Cell)
Read Bandwidth (64kB)
735 MB/s
750 MB/s
Write Bandwidth (64kB)
510 MB/s
550 MB/s
Read IOPS (512 Byte)
100,000
93,000
Write IOPS (512 Byte)
141,000
145,000
Mixed IOPS* (75/25 r/w)
67,000
74,000
Access Latency (512 Byte)
30 µs
30 µs
Bus Interface
PCI-Express x4
PCI-Express Gen1 x4
IO Accelerator capacity
Models QK762A and
QK763A
785GB
1.2TB
NAND type
MLC (Multi Level Cell)
MLC (Multi Level Cell)
Read Bandwidth (1MB)
1.5 GB/s
1.5 GB/s
Write Bandwidth (1MB)
1.1 GB/s
1.3 GB/s
Read IOPS (Seq. 512 Byte)
443,000
443,000
Write IOPS (Seq. 512 Byte)
530,000
530,000
Read IOPS (Rand. 512 Byte)
141,000
143,000
Write IOPS (Rand. 512 Byte) 475,000
68µs
Read Access Latency
475,000
68µs
Write Access Latency
15µs
15µs
Bus Interface
PCI-Express Gen2 x4
PCI-Express Gen2 x4
*Performance achieved using multiprocessor enterprise server
•
Enterprise data integrity
•
Field upgradeability
•
Green footprint, 7.5W nominal per device
Introduction
7
NOTE: MSI was disabled to obtain these statistics.
Required operating environment
The HP IO Accelerator with software 3.2.3 is supported for use in the following operating environments:
•
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 (AMD64/EM64T)
•
Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 (AMD64/EM64T)
•
SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 10 (AMD64/EM64T)
•
SUSE LINUX Enterprise Server 11 (AMD64/EM64T)
CAUTION: Version 3.1.0 or greater of the driver software is not backward-compatible with any
previous driver version. When you install version 3.2.3, you cannot revert to any previous
version.
IMPORTANT: All operating systems must be 64-bit architecture.
NOTE: IO Accelerators cannot be used as hibernation devices.
Supported firmware revisions
After February 19, 2013, all IO Accelerators ship with firmware version 7.1.13.109322 or higher. This
firmware version only works with VSL 3.2.2 or higher. If you are installing a recently purchased or a
replacement IO Accelerator into a system that already has IO Accelerators installed, then you must upgrade
the firmware on the previously installed devices to 7.1.13.109322 or higher. You must also upgrade the VSL
to 3.2.2 or higher. Upgrading the firmware and VSL on cards that were running firmware versions 6.x.x or
higher and VSL 3.x.x or higher is NOT data destructive. However, HP recommends that you back up any
data on the device before performing the upgrade. The latest supported version of the firmware and VSL can
be found on the HP website (http://www.hp.com).
Release
Firmware revision
1.2.4
17350
1.2.7
36867 or 42014
1.2.8.4
43246
2.2.x
43674
2.2.3
101583
2.3.1
101971 4 or 101971_6
3.1.1
107004 or greater
3.2.3
109322
Supported hardware
HP IO Accelerator for BladeSystem c-Class
Introduction
8
BladeSystem c-Class IO Accelerators have two distinct designs for the respective server product lines. The G1
through G7 IO Accelerator adapter is provided in a c-Class Type 1 Mezzanine card form factor. It can be
installed in both Type 1 and Type 2 mezzanine slots within the c-Class blade G1 through G7 servers,
enabling a total of two cards in a half-height server blade, and three cards in a full-height server blade and
up to 6 in a double-high, double-wide server (BL680c).
The Gen8 adapter is provided in a c-Class Type B Mezzanine card form factor. It can only be installed in
Type B mezzanine slots within the Gen 8 or later servers, enabling one IO Accelerator in a half-height Gen8
server.
The Type I mezz card and the Type B mezz card are distinguished by the mezzanine connector. The type B
card is slightly larger than a Type I mezz card.
The amount of free RAM required by the driver depends on the size of the blocks used when writing to the
drive. The smaller the blocks, the more RAM is required. The table below lists the guidelines for each 80GB
of storage. For the latest information, see the QuickSpecs sheet to the HP IO Accelerator for HP BladeSystem
c-Class at HP Customer Support (http://www.hp.com/support).
The Remote Power Cut Module for the c-Class blade mezzanine card provides a higher level of protection in
the event of a catastrophic power loss (for example, a user accidentally pulls the wrong server blade out of
the slot). The Remote Power Cut Module ensures in-flight writes are completed to NAND flash in these
catastrophic scenarios. Without the Remote Power Cut Module, write performance is slower. Writes are not
acknowledged until the data is written to the NAND module, thereby slowing performance. When the
Remote Power Cut Module is installed, writes are acknowledged by the IO Accelerator controller to the
driver. The IO Accelerator controller then completes the write to the NAND module.
The IO Accelerators (QK761A, QK762A, and QK763A) for Gen 8 BladeSystem c-Class have the power cut
functionality embedded on the card. They offer the protection without requiring the remote power cut module.
NOTE: The Remote Power Cut Module is used only in the AJ878B and BK836A models. Without
the Remote Power Cut Module, write performance is slower.
HP PCIe IO Accelerator minimum requirements
•
An open PCI-Express slot—The accelerator requires a minimum of one half-length, half-height slot with
a x4 physical connector. All four lanes must be connected for full performance. HP PCIe IO Accelerator
Duo requires a minimum of a full-height, half-length slot with an x8 physical connection. If your system
is using PCI 1.1, all x8 signaling lanes must be connected for full performance. If your system is using
PCI 2.0, for full performance you only have to connect x4 signaling lanes.
NOTE: For PCIe IO Accelerators, using PCIe slots greater than x4 does not improve
performance.
NOTE: The power cut feature is built into PCIe IO Accelerators; therefore, no Remote Power Cut
Module is necessary.
•
300 LFM of airflow at no greater than 50°C. To protect against thermal damage, the IO Accelerator
also monitors the junction temperature of its controller. The temperature represents the internal
temperature of the controller, and it is reported in fio-status report. The IO Accelerator begins
throttling write performance when the junction temperature reaches 78°C. If the junction temperature
continues to rise, the IO Accelerator shuts down when the temperature reaches 85°C.
NOTE: If you experience write performance throttling due to high temperatures, see your
computer documentation for details on increasing airflow, including fan speeds.
Introduction
9
•
Sufficient RAM to operate—The amount of RAM that the driver requires to manage the NAND flash
varies according to the block size you select when formatting the device (filesystem format, not low-level
format). For a virtual machine using an IO Accelerator directly (using PCI pass-through), consult the user
guide for the installed operating system. The following table lists the amount of RAM required per
100GB of storage space, using various block sizes. The amount of RAM used in driver version 3.0 is
significantly less than the amount used in version 1.2.x.
Average block size
(bytes)
RAM usage for each 80
GB IO Accelerator
(Megabytes)
RAM usage for each 100 Minimum system RAM
requirement for 320 GB
GB IO Accelerator
MezzIO Accelerator*
(Megabytes)
8,192
250
280
1 GB
4,096
400
530
1.6 GB
2,048
750
1,030
3 GB
1,024
1,450
2,000
5.8 GB
512
2,850
3,970
11.4 GB
Average block size
(bytes)
Minimum system RAM
Minimum system RAM
Minimum system RAM
requirement for 640 GB requirement for 785 GB requirement for 1.2 TB
MezzIO Accelerator*
MezzIO Accelerator*
MezzIO Accelerator*
8,192
2 GB
2.2 GB
3.4 GB
4,096
3.2 GB
4.2 GB
6.4 GB
2,048
6 GB
8.1 GB
12.4 GB
1,024
11.6 GB
15.7 GB
24 GB
512
22.8 GB
31.2 GB
47.6 GB
* For IO Accelerator use only. Additional RAM is needed for system operating system and applications.
HP PCIe IO Accelerator Duo requirements
In addition to the IO Accelerator cooling and RAM requirements listed in the previous table, the IO
Accelerator Duo requires at least:
•
A PCIe Gen1 x8 slot or a PCIe Gen2 x4 slot
•
A minimum of a full-height, half-length slot with a x8 physical connection. For systems with PCI 1.1, all
eight signaling lanes must be active for full IO Accelerator Duo performance. For systems with PCIe 2.0,
only four signaling lanes must be active for full performance.
NOTE: With driver version 3.1.0 and later, the driver detects in the BIOS if the PCIe slot supports
a 75W power draw. If the slot supports up to 75W, the IO Accelerator device draws up to that
amount of power. However, if an external power cable is used, power is only supplied by that
cable.
To verify whether a slot is supplying 75W, view the system logs or use the fio-pci-check
utility.
Introduction
10
Software installation
Installation overview
Before continuing with the installation of this software, do the following:
1.
Ensure that your operating system is included in the list of supported operating systems contained in the
release notes for this release.
2.
Before installing the IO Accelerator VSL, make sure you have properly installed the IO Accelerator
devices. For more information, see the IO Accelerator hardware installation guide. Every IO
Accelerator device in a system must be upgraded to the appropriate firmware requirements.
Multiple devices in a system
Every IO Accelerator device in a system must be upgraded to the appropriate firmware.
For example, if you have a system running IO Accelerator software version 2.3.1 with IO Accelerator
devices previously installed and want to install new IO Accelerator devices that require the latest version of
the firmware, then you must upgrade all of the existing devices with firmware that supports this version of the
IO Accelerator VSL software.
The IO Accelerator VSL for Solaris is distributed as a tarball.
Installing the software and utilities
To install the IO Accelerator VSL software and utilities:
1.
Download the appropriate tarball from the HP website (http://www.hp.com/go/support).
Example:
hp_io_accelerator-<version>.pkg.tar.gz
2.
Change to the directory containing the downloaded tarball.
3.
Uncompress the -vsl package:
$ gunzip -c iomemory-vsl*pkg.tar.gz|tar -xf -
4.
Run the pkgadd command:
$ pfexec pkgadd -d . iomemory-vsl
The software and utilities are installed to the following locations.
File type
Driver
Utilities
Driver Config File
Installation location
/usr/kernel/drv/amd64
/opt/fusionio/bin
/usr/kernel/drv
Continue to "Loading the IO Accelerator VSL facility (driver) (on page 12)."
Software installation 11
Loading the IO Accelerator VSL facility (driver)
The driver is installed and automatically loaded during the package installation (pkgadd; see "Installing the
software and utilities (on page 11)").
To manually unload the driver, run:
$ pfexec rem_drv iomemory-vsl
To manually load the driver, run:
$ pfexec add_drv -i "pci1aed,1005 pciex1aed,1005 pci1aed,1003 pciex1aed,1003
pci1aed,1010 pciex1aed,1010 pci1014,3c3 pci103c,324d pci103c,324e
pci103c,178b pci103c,178c pci103c,178d pci103c,178e pci103c,176f
pci103c,1770" -m "* 0666 root sys" iomemory-vsl
The load command might be too long for the shell. You might need to add a \ (backslash) character at the
end of the first line to signal that the line is continued on the next line.
The driver automatically loads at system boot. The IO Accelerator device is now available to the OS as the
following:
/dev/rdsk/c*d0p0
Attached IO Accelerator devices show up as block devices in the file system in three places:
/dev/fio*
/dev/rdsk/c*d0*
Where c*d0p0 is the master partition covering the entire raw block device
/dev/dsk/c*d0*
Where c*d0s2 is the master slice covering the entire block device
The driver creates /dev/fiox block device nodes, where x is a letter (a, b, c, and so forth).
CAUTION: Only use the traditional disk interfaces (/dev/rdsk/* and /dev/dsk/*). Do not
use the /dev/fiox block device nodes.
To confirm the IO Accelerator device is attached, use the following command:
$ pfexec /opt/fusionio/bin/fio-status
The output indicates the attach status of the device: attached or not attached.
Upgrading the firmware
After the IO Accelerator driver is loaded, ensure that the IO Accelerator device firmware is up to date by
running the "fio-status (on page 26)" command-line utility.
If the output shows that the device is running in Minimal mode, download the latest firmware from the HP
website (http://www.hp.com/support), and then use the HP IO Accelerator Management Tool application
or the "fio-update-iodrive (on page 30)" utility to upgrade the firmware.
CAUTION: Upgrade Path
• Do not attempt to downgrade the firmware on any IO Accelerator device.
• You must follow a specific upgrade path when upgrading an IO Accelerator device.
• When installing a new IO Accelerator device along with existing devices, you must upgrade
all of the existing devices to the latest available versions of the firmware before installing the
new devices.
• Consult the release notes for this IO Accelerator release before upgrading IO Accelerator
devices.
Software installation 12
IMPORTANT: The IO Accelerator device might have a minimum firmware label affixed (for
example, "MIN FW: XXXXXX"). This label indicates the minimum version of the firmware that is
compatible with your device.
Enabling PCIe power
For PCIe IO Accelerators, if you have installed any dual IO Accelerator devices, such as the HP ioDrive2
Duo, then the device might require additional power than the minimum 25 W provided by PCIe Gen2 slots
to properly function.
For instructions on enabling the device to draw additional power from the PCIe slots, see "Enabling PCIe
power override (on page 14)."
Using the device as a swap
In Solaris, HP does not recommend using the IO Accelerator device as a swap space because deadlocked
memory issues might occur.
Configuring a ZFS pool
You can configure two or more IO Accelerator devices into a RAID array using a single ZFS pool.
If you are using RAID1/Mirrored and one device fails, be sure to run fio-format on the replacement
device, not the existing good device, before rebuilding the RAID. The following examples of some common
RAID configurations use ZFS.
In the RAID configurations in this section, c12d0p0, c13d0p0, c14d0p0, and c15d0p0 are used as
examples; they do not necessarily match your RAID installation.
Using a single ioMemory device
$ pfexec zpool create mypool c12d0p0
RAID 0
To create a striped set, where c12d0p0 and c13d0p0 are the two IO Accelerator devices you want to stripe,
run the following command:
$ pfexec zpool create mypool c12d0p0 c13d0p0
RAID 1
To create a mirrored set using the two IO Accelerator devices c12d0p0 and c13d0p0, run the following
command:
$ pfexec zpool create mypool mirror c12d0p0 c13d0p0
RAID 10
To create a striped, mirrored array using four IO Accelerator devices, run the following command:
$ pfexec zpool create mypool mirror c12d0p0 c13d0p0 mirror c14d0p0 c15d0p0
Software installation 13
Maintenance
Maintenance tools
The IO Accelerator includes software utilities for maintaining the device. You can also install SNMP as a
monitoring option.
The following are the most common tasks for maintaining your IO Accelerator. You can also use the IO
Accelerator Management Tool application to perform firmware upgrades. For more information, see the HP
IO Accelerator Management Tool User Guide.
Command-line utilities
Several command-line utilities are included in the installation packages for managing your IO Accelerator
device:
•
fio-attach
•
fio-beacon
•
fio-bugreport
•
fio-detach
•
fio-format
•
fio-status
•
fio-update-iodrive
For more information on command-line utilities, see "Utilities (on page 22)."
Enabling PCIe power override
For PCIe IO Accelerators, if you have installed any dual IO Accelerator devices, such as the HP ioDrive2
Duo, then the device might require additional power than the minimum 25 W provided by PCIe Gen2 slots
to properly function. Even if additional power is not required for your device, all dual IO Accelerator devices
that receive additional power might benefit with improved performance.
HP ioDrive2 Duo devices must have additional power to properly function. For more information on which
devices require additional power, see the HP PCIe IO Accelerator for ProLiant Servers Installation Guide.
Additional power can be provided in two ways:
•
External power cable—This cable ships with all dual ioMemory devices. For information on installing
this cable, see the HP PCIe IO Accelerator for ProLiant Servers Installation Guide.
NOTE: When a power cable is used, all of the power is drawn from the cable and no power is
drawn from the PCIe slot.
Maintenance
14
•
Enabling full slot power draw—Some PCIe slots provide additional power (often up to 75 W of power).
If your PCIe slot is rated to provide at least 55 W, then you can allow the device to draw full power from
the PCIe slot by setting a VSL module parameter. For more information on enabling this override
parameter, see "Enabling the override parameter (on page 15)."
CAUTION: If the PCIe slot is not capable of providing the needed amount of power, then
enabling full power draw from the PCIe slot might result in malfunction or even damage to server
hardware. The user is responsible for any damage to equipment due to improper use of the
override parameter. HP expressly disclaims any liability for damage arising from improper use of
the override parameter. To confirm the power limits and capabilities of each slot, as well as the
entire system, contact the server manufacturer. For information about using the override
parameter, contact HP Customer Support.
NOTE: The override parameter overrides the setting that prevents devices from drawing more
than 25 W from the PCIe slot. The parameter is enabled by device using the device serial
numbers. Once the setting is overridden, each device might draw up to the full 55 W needed for
peak performance.
Before you enable the override parameter, ensure that each PCIe slot is rated to provide enough power
for all slots, devices, and server accessories. To determine the power slot limits, consult the server
documentation, BIOS interface, setup utility, or use the fio-pci-check command.
Important considerations
•
If you are installing more than one dual IO Accelerator device and enabling the override parameter for
each device, be sure the motherboard is rated to provide 55W power to each slot used. For example,
some motherboards safely provide up to 75W to any one slot, but run into power constraints when
multiple slots are used to provide that much power. Installing multiple devices in this situation might
result in server hardware damage. Consult with the manufacturer to determine the total PCIe slot power
available.
•
The override parameter persists in the system and enables full power draw on an enabled device even
if the device is removed and then placed in a different slot within the same system. If the device is placed
in a slot that is not rated to provide 55W of power, your server hardware could experience a power
drag.
•
The override parameter is a setting for the IO Accelerator VSL software by server and is not stored in the
device. When moved to a new server, the device defaults to the 25 W power limit until an external
power cable is added or the override parameter is enabled for that device in the new server. To
determine the total PCIe slot power available for the new server, consult the manufacturer.
Enabling the override parameter
1.
Use one of the following methods to determine the serial number of each device to be installed in a
compatible slot:
o
Enter the fio-status command:
Sample output:
fio-status
...
Adapter: Dual Controller Adapter
Fusion-io ioDrive2 DUO 2.41TB, Product Number:F01-001-2T41-CS-0001, FIO
SN:1149D0969
Maintenance
15
External Power: NOT connected
PCIe Power limit threshold: 24.75W
Connected ioMemory modules:
fct2: SN:1149D0969-1121
fct3: SN:1149D0969-1111
In this example, 1149D0969 is the adapter serial number.
If you have multiple IO Accelerator devices installed on your system, use the fio-beacon command
to verify where each device is physically located.
o
2.
Inspect the adapter serial number labels on the IO Accelerator devices to determine the serial
numbers. However, HP recommends confirming that each serial number is an adapter serial number
by running the fio-status command. The adapter serial number label resides on the back of all HP
ioDrive Duo devices and HP ioDrive2 Duo devices. On ioDrive Duos, the serial number is located on
the PCB component that is attached to the PCIe connector.
To set the module parameter, edit the /usr/modprove.d/iomemory-vsl.conf file, and then
change the value for the external_power_override parameter. For example:
options iomemory-vsl external_power_override=<value>
Where the <value> for this parameter is a comma-separated list of adapter serial numbers. For
example:
1149D0969,1159E0972,24589
3.
To enforce any parameter changes, you must reboot or unload and then load the drivers.
Uninstalling IO Accelerator VSL and utilities
To uninstall the IO Accelerator VSL and utilities, run the following command:
$ pfexec pkgrm iomemory-vsl
Disabling auto attach
When the IO Accelerator driver is installed, it is configured to attach any devices automatically when the
driver is loaded. When necessary, disable the auto-attach feature.
To disable auto attach:
1.
2.
3.
Edit the following file:
/usr/kernel/drv/iomemory-vsl.conf
Add the following line to that file:
auto_attach=0;
Save the file.
To re-enable auto-attach, edit the file, and then either remove that line or change it to:
auto_attach=1;
Unmanaged shutdown issues
If you experience an unmanaged shutdown, then the IO Accelerator performs a consistency check during the
reboot. The reboot might take several minutes or more to complete and is indicated by a progress percentage
during the startup.
Maintenance
16
Although data written to the IO Accelerator device is not lost due to unmanaged shutdowns, important data
structures might not have been properly committed to the device. This consistency check repairs these data
structures.
Disabling the IO Accelerator VSL
The driver automatically loads by default when the operating system starts. You can disable IO Accelerator
auto-load for diagnostic or troubleshooting purposes.
To disable IO Accelerator driver auto-load:
1.
Use the following command:
$ pfexec rem_drv iomemo
The ioDrive ioMemory VSL does not load, so the device is not available to users.
2.
Proceed with troubleshooting to correct the problem.
Enabling the IO Accelerator VSL
To re-enable the IO Accelerator VSL after maintenance, run the following command:
$ pfexec /usr/sbin/add_drv -i "pci1aed,1005" "pciex1aed,1005"
"pci1aed,1003"
"pciex1aed,1003" "pci1aed,1010" "pciex1aed,1010" "pci1014,3c3"
"pci103c,324d" "pci103c,324e" "pci103c,178b" "pci103c,178c" "pci103c,178d"
"pci103c,178e" "pci103c,176f" "pci103c,1770" -m "*0666 root sys"
iomemory-vsl
Maintenance
17
Monitoring and managing devices
Introduction to monitoring and managing devices
HP provides many tools for managing your IO Accelerator devices. These tools allow you to monitor the
devices for errors, warnings, and potential problems. They also allow you to manage the devices, including
performing the following functions:
•
Firmware upgrades
•
Low-level formatting
•
Attach and detach actions
•
Device status and performance information
•
Configuring Swap and Paging
•
Generating bug reports
Management tools
HP has provided tools for monitoring and managing IO Accelerator devices. These include stand-alone tools
that require no additional software and a data-source tool that can be integrated with other applications.
Consider the descriptions of each tool to decide which tool (or combination of tools) best fits your needs.
About error messages
The IO Accelerator VSL software prints some error messages to the system logs. While these messages are
useful for troubleshooting purposes, the VSL log messages are not designed for continual monitoring
purposes (as each is based on a variety of factors that could produce different log messages depending on
environment and use case). For best results, use the tools described in this section to regularly monitor your
devices.
Stand-alone tool
These stand-alone tools do not require any additional software.
Command-line utilities: These utilities are run manually in the terminal. The fio-status utility provides
status for all devices within a host. The other utilities allow you to perform other management functions. For
more information, see "Utilities (on page 22)."
iData-source tool
This data-source tool provides comprehensive data, like the stand-alone tools, but it requires integration with
additional software. At a minimum, it can interface with a browser. However, the benefit of this tool is that
it can be integrated into existing management software that is customized for your organization.
This tool is available as a separate download. For more information, see the IO Accelerator release notes.
SNMP Subagent: The SNMP AgentX subagent allows you to monitor and manage your ioMemory devices
using the Simple Network Management Protocol. You can use a normal SNMP browser or customize your
existing application to interface with the subagent.
Monitoring and managing devices 18
Example conditions to monitor
This section provides examples of conditions you can monitor. It is intended as an introduction and not as a
comprehensive reference. These conditions have slightly different names, states, and values, depending on
the tool you choose. For example, an SNMP MIB might have a different name than a SMI-S object or an API
function.
To properly monitor these conditions, you should become familiar with the tool you choose to implement and
read the documentation for that tool.
The possible states and values of these conditions are:
•
GREEN: Normal
•
YELLOW: Caution/Alert
•
RED: Error/Warning
You can implement your own ranges of acceptable states/values, especially if you use a data-source tool.
Device status
All of the monitoring tools return information on the status of the IO Accelerator devices, including the
following states:
•
GREEN: Attached
•
YELLOW: Detached, Busy (including: Detaching, Attaching, Scanning, Formatting, and Updating)
•
RED: Minimal Mode, Power loss Protect Disabled
If the device is in Minimal Mode, the monitoring tool can display the reason for the Minimal Mode status.
Required actions
If the device is in Minimal Mode, the action depends on the reason. For example, if the reason is outdated
firmware, then you must update the firmware.
Temperature
IO Accelerator devices require adequate cooling. To prevent thermal damage, the IO Accelerator VSL starts
throttling write performance after the on-board controller reaches a specified temperature. If the controller
temperature continues to rise, the software shuts down the device after the controller temperature reaches the
maximum operating temperature.
These temperatures depend on the device. Newer IO Accelerator devices have higher thermal tolerances.
Consult the IO Accelerator hardware installation guide to determine the thermal tolerances of all devices you
will monitor. This list uses the thermal tolerances for newer devices (93°C throttling, 100°C shutdown).
•
GREEN: <93°C
•
YELLOW: 93-99°C
•
RED: 100°C
You can shift the conditions by a few degrees so the YELLOW condition exists before throttling occurs. For
example:
•
GREEN: <90°C
•
YELLOW: 90-96°C
•
RED: 97°C
Monitoring and managing devices 19
Required actions
If the temperature is at or approaching the YELLOW condition, you must increase the cooling for your system.
This might include increasing the fan speed, bringing down the ambient temperature, reducing write load, or
moving the device to a different slot.
Health reserves percentage
IO Accelerator devices are highly fault-tolerant storage subsystems with many levels of protection against
component failure and the loss nature of solid-state storage. As in all storage subsystems, component failures
can occur.
By proactively monitoring device age and health, you can ensure reliable performance over the intended
product life. The following describes the Health Reserve conditions.
•
GREEN: >10%
•
YELLOW: 0-10%
•
RED: 0%
At the 10% healthy threshold, a one-time warning is issued. At 0%, the device is considered unhealthy. It
enters write-reduced mode. After the 0% threshold, the device enters read-only mode.
For complete information on Health Reserve conditions and their impact on performance, see "Monitoring IO
Accelerator health (on page 33)."
Required actions
The device needs close monitoring as it approaches 0% reserves and goes into write-reduced mode, which
results in reduced write performance. Prepare to replace the device soon.
Flashback protection
Like many other memory devices, NAND flash eventually fails with use. Those failures can be either
permanent or temporary. Flashback redundancy is designed to address those chips that experience
permanent failures, and provides additional protection above and beyond ECC for soft failures.
Flashback provides a real-time RAID-like redundancy at the chip-level, without sacrificing user capacity or
performance for fault tolerance.
•
GREEN: No Flashback indication
•
YELLOW: Flashback indication
•
RED: Failed Flashback indication
Required actions
The device functions normally in Flashback mode. Continue to monitor the device.
As a best practice, always back up your data on a regular basis. Flashback protection mode does not signal
impending failure, but it is a reminder that devices can fail, and that data is best protected with proper
redundancy.
If Flashback protection has failed, then the device is no longer usable. The device might need to be replaced.
Run the fio-bugreport utility and contact HP Customer Support.
Device LED indicators
The IO Accelerator device includes three LEDs showing drive activity or error conditions.
Monitoring and managing devices
20
Performance and tuning
Introduction to performance and tuning
HP IO Accelerator devices provide high bandwidth and high IOPS and are specifically designed to achieve
low latency.
As IO Accelerator devices improve in IOPS and low latency, the device performance may be limited by
operating system settings and BIOS configuration. To take advantage of the revolutionary performance of IO
Accelerator devices, you might have to tune these settings.
While IO Accelerator devices generally perform well out of the box, this section describes some of the
common areas where tuning may help achieve optimal performance.
Disabling DVFS
DVFS is a power management technique that adjusts the CPU voltage and frequency to reduce power
consumption by the CPU. These techniques help conserve power and reduce the heat generated by the CPU,
but they adversely affect performance while the CPU transitions between low-power and high-performance
states.
These power-savings techniques are known to have a negative impact on I/O latency and maximum IOPS.
When tuning for maximum performance, you might benefit from reducing or disabling DVSF completely,
even though this might increase power consumption.
DVFS, if available, should be configurable as part of your operating systems power management features as
well as within your system BIOS interface. Within the operating system and BIOS, DVFS features are often
found under the ACPI sections. Consult your computer documentation for details.
Limiting APCI C-states
Newer processors have the ability to go into lower power modes when they are not fully utilized. These idle
states are known as ACPI C-states. The C0 state is the normal, full power, operating state. Higher C-states
(C1, C2, C3, and so on) are lower power states.
While ACPI C-states save on power, they are known to have a negative impact on I/O latency and maximum
IOPS. With each higher C-state, typically more processor functions are limited to save power, and it takes
time to restore the processor to the C0 state.
These power savings techniques are known to have a negative impact on I/O latency and maximum IOPS.
When tuning for maximum performance you might benefit from limiting the C-states or turning them off
completely, even though this might increase power consumption.
If your processor has ACPI C-states available, you can typically limit or disable them in the BIOS interface
(sometimes referred to as a Setup Utility). APCI C-states might be part of the ACPI menu. For details, see your
computer documentation.
Performance and tuning
21
Utilities
Utilities reference
The IO Accelerator installation packages include various command line utilities, installed by default to the
/usr/bin file. These utilities provide a number of ways to access, test, and manipulate your device.
Utility
Purpose
fio-attach
Makes an IO Accelerator available to the OS
fio-beacon
Lights the IO Accelerator external LEDs
fio-bugreport
Prepares a detailed report for use in troubleshooting issues
fio-detach
Temporarily removes an IO Accelerator from OS access
fio-format
Used to perform a low-level format of an IO Accelerator
fio-status
Displays information about the device
fio-update-iodrive
Updates the IO Accelerator firmware
NOTE: All utilities have –h (Help) and –v (Version) options.
To set IO Accelerator VSL parameters, edit the iomemory-vsl.conf file:
(/usr/kernel/drv/iomemory-vsl.conf)
fio-attach
Description
Attaches the IO Accelerator device and makes it available to the operating system. This creates a block
device in /dev named fiox (where x is a, b, c, and so on). Then, you might partition or format the IO
Accelerator device, or set it up as part of a RAID array. The command displays a progress bar and
percentage as it operates.
NOTE: In most cases, the IO Accelerator automatically attaches the device on load and does a
scan. You only have to run fio-attach if you ran fio-detach or if you set the IO Accelerator
auto_attach parameter to 0.
Syntax
fio-attach <device> [options]
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the card number: 0, 1,
2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator device installed on the system.
You can specify multiple IO Accelerator devices. For example, /dev/fct1 /dev/fct2 indicates the
second and third IO Accelerator devices installed on the system. You can also use a wildcard to indicate all
IO Accelerator devices on the system.
For example, /dev/fct*
Utilities 22
Option
Description
-c
Attach only if clean.
Quiet: disables the display of the progress bar and
percentage.
-q
fio-beacon
Description
The fio-beacon utility enables all three LEDs on, to identify the specified IO Accelerator device.
IMPORTANT: This utility enables the LEDs on, unless you select the -0 option.
Syntax
fio-beacon <device> [options]
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the card number: 0, 1,
2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator device installed on the system.
Options
Description
-0
Off: Turns off the three LEDs
-l
On (default): Enables the three LEDs on
Prints the PCI bus ID of the device at <device> to standard output. Usage and error information
may be written to standard output rather than to standard error.
-p
fio-bugreport
Description
Prepares a detailed report of the device for use in troubleshooting problems. The results are saved in the
/tmp directory in a file that indicates the date and time the utility was run.
Example
/tmp/fio-bugreport-20100121.173256-sdv9ko.tar.bz2
Syntax
fio-bugreport
NOTE: If the utility recommends that you contact Fusion-io support, disregard that message and
contact HP support (http://www.hp.com/support) instead.
Sample output
-bash-3.2# fio-bugreport /tmp/fio-bugreport-20090921.173256-sdv9ko ~
Collecting fio-status -a
Collecting fio-status
Collecting fio-pci-check
Collecting fio-pci-check -v
Utilities 23
Collecting fio-read-lebmap /dev/fct0
Collecting fio-read-lebmap -x /dev/stdout/dev/fct0
Collecting fio-read-lebmap -t /dev/fct0
Collecting fio-get-erase-count/dev/fct0
Collecting fio-get-erase-count -b /dev/fct0
Collecting lspci
Collecting lspci -vvvvv
Collecting lspci -tv
Collecting messages file(s)
Collecting procfusion file(s)
Collecting lsmod
Collecting uname -a
Collecting hostname
Collecting sar -r
Collecting sar
Collecting sar -A
Collecting syslog file(s)
Collecting proc file(s)
Collecting procirq file(s)
Collecting dmidecode
Collecting rpm -qa iodrive*
Collecting find /lib/modules
Please send the file /tmp/fio-bugreport-20090921.173256-sdv9ko.tar.bz2
along with your bug report to support@fusionio.com The file is in the /tmp
directory.
For example, the filename for a bug report file named
/tmp/fiobugreport-20090921.173256-sdv9k0.tar.bz2 indicates the following:
•
Date (20090921)
•
Time (173256, or 17:32:56)
•
Misc. information (sdv9ko.tar.bz2)
fio-detach
Description
Detaches and removes the corresponding /dev/fctx IO Accelerator block device. The fio-detach
command waits until the device completes all read/write activity before executing the detach process. The
command displays a progress bar and percentage as it completes the process.
NOTE: Before using this utility, be sure that the device you want to detach is not currently
mounted and in use.
Utilities 24
Syntax
fio-detach <device> [options]
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the board number: 0, 1,
2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator installed on the system.
You can specify multiple IO Accelerator devices. For example, /dev/fct1 /dev/fct2 indicates the
second and third IO Accelerator devices installed on the system. You can also use a wildcard to indicate all
IO Accelerator devices on the system.
For example, /dev/fct*
Options
Description
-i
Immediate: Causes a forced immediate detach (does not save metadata). This will fail
if the device is in use by the OS.
-q
Quiet: Disables the display of the progress bar and percentage.
NOTE: Detaching an IO Accelerator device might fail with an error indicating that the device is
busy. This might occur if the IO Accelerator device is part of a software RAID volume (0,1,5), is
mounted, or if some process has the device open.
The tools fuser, mount, and lsof can be helpful to determine what is holding the device open.
fio-format
Description
IMPORTANT: The IO Accelerator devices are shipped pre-formatted. fio-format is not
required except to change the logical size or block size of a device, or to erase user data on a
device. To ensure the user data is truly erased, use fio-sure-erase.
The fio-format utility performs a low-level format of the board. By default, fio-format displays a
progress-percentage indicator as it runs.
CAUTION: Use this utility with care since it deletes all user information on the IO Accelerator.
IMPORTANT: Use the -s or -o option to change the default capacity of the device size. When
enabled, the -s and -o options must include the size or percentage indicators.
NOTE: Use a large block (sector) size to reduce IO Accelerator memory consumption. For
example: 4096 bytes. Be aware that some applications are not compatible with non-512-byte
sector sizes.
Syntax
fio-format [options] <device>
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the device number: 0,
1, 2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator device installed on the system.
Options
Description
-b <size
B|K>
Set the block (sector) size, in bytes or KiBytes (base 2). The default is 512 bytes. For
example: -b 512B or -b 4K (B in 512B is optional).
Utilities 25
Options
Description
-f
Force the format size, bypassing normal checks and warnings. This option may be
needed in rare situations when fio-format does not proceed properly. (The "Are you
sure?" prompt still appears unless you use the -y option.) This option can only be used
with the -o option.
-q
Quiet mode: Disable the display of the progress-percentage indicator.
-s <size
B|K|M|G|T|%>
Set the device capacity as a specific size (in TB, GB, or MB) or as a percentage of the
advertised capacity:
-o <size
B|K|M|G|T|%>
Over-format the device size (to greater than the preset capacity), where the maximum
size equals the maximum physical capacity. If a percentage is used, it corresponds to
the maximum physical capacity of the device. (Size is required for the -o option; see
the -s option above for size indicator descriptions.)
Before using this option, for supported recommendations, contact HP Support
(http://www.hp.com/support)
-r
Enable fast rescan on non-ordered shutdowns at the cost of some capacity.
-y
•
•
•
•
T
G
M
%
Number of terabytes (TB) to format
Number of gigabytes (GB) to format
Number of megabytes (MB) to format
Percentage, such as 70% (The percent sign must be included)
Auto-answer "yes" to all queries from the application (bypass prompts).
fio-status
Description
Provides detailed information on installed devices. This utility operates on either fctx or fiox devices. The
utility runs from root level and having the IO Accelerator loaded. If no IO Accelerator is loaded, there is less
content reported from the query.
Enabling fio-status provides alerts for certain error modes, such as a minimal-mode, read-only mode,
and write-reduced mode, describing what is causing the condition.
Syntax
fio-status [<device>] [<options>]
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the card number: 0, 1,
2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator device installed on the system.
If <dev> is not specified, fio-status displays information for all cards in the system. If the IO Accelerator
is not loaded, this parameter is ignored.
Options
Description
-a
Report all available information for each device.
-e
Show all errors and warnings for each device. This option is for diagnosing issues, and
it hides other information such as format sizes.
-c
Count: Report only the number of IO Accelerator devices installed.
-fj
Format JSON: creates the output in JSON format.
-d
-fx
Show basic information set plus the total amount of data read and written (lifetime data
volumes). This option is not necessary when the -a option is used.
Format XML: creates the output in XML format.
Utilities 26
Options
Description
-u
Show unavailable fields. Only valid with -fj or -fx.
-F<field>
Print the value for a single field (For field names, see the next option). Requires that a
device be specified. Multiple -F options may be specified.
-U
Show unavailable fields and details why. Only valid with -fj or -fx.
List the fields that can be individually accessed with -F.
-l
CAUTION: Output Change
Starting with version 3.0.0 and later, the standard formatting of fio-status output has
changed. This will affect any custom management tools that used the output of this utility.
Basic information: If no options are used, fio-status reports the following basic information:
•
Number and type of devices installed in the system
•
IO Accelerator version
Adapter information:
•
Adapter type
•
Product number
•
External power status
•
PCIe power limit threshold (if available)
•
Connected IO Accelerator devices
Block device information:
•
Attach status
•
Product name
•
Product number
•
Serial number
•
PCIe address and slot
•
Firmware version
•
Size of the device, out of total capacity
•
Internal temperature (average and maximum, since IO Accelerator load) in degrees Centigrade
•
Health status: healthy, nearing wearout, write-reduced or read-only
•
Reserve capacity (percentage)
•
Warning capacity threshold (percentage)
Data volume information: If the -d option is used, the following data volume information is reported in
addition to the basic information:
•
Physical bytes written
•
Physical bytes read
All information: If the -a option is used, all information is printed, which includes the following information
in addition to basic and data volume information.
Adapter information:
Utilities 27
•
Manufacturer number
•
Part number
•
Date of manufacture
•
Power loss protection status
•
PCIe bus voltage (average, minimum, maximum)
•
PCIe bus current (average, maximum)
•
PCIe bus power (average, maximum)
•
PCIe power limit threshold (watts)
•
PCIe slot available power (watts)
•
PCIe negotiated link information (lanes and throughput)
Block device information:
•
Manufacturer's code
•
Manufacturing date
•
Vendor and sub-vendor information
•
Format status and sector information (if device is attached)
•
FPGA ID and Low-level format GUID
•
PCIe slot available power
•
PCIe negotiated link information
•
Card temperature, in degrees Centigrade
•
Internal voltage, average and maximum.
•
Auxiliary voltage: average and maximum.
•
Percentage of good blocks, data and metadata
•
Lifetime data volume statistics
•
RAM usage
Error mode information: If the IO Accelerator is in minimal mode, read-only mode, or write-reduced mode
when fio-status is run, the following differences occur in the output:
•
Attach status is Status unknown: Driver is in MINIMAL MODE:
•
The reason for the minimal mode state appears (for example, Firmware is out of date. Update
firmware.)
•
"Geometry and capacity information not available." is displayed.
•
No media health information appears.
fio-sure-erase
Utilities 28
CAUTION: Do not use this utility if there are any IO Accelerator devices installed in the system
that are not selected to be cleared or purged of data.
•
•
•
•
Ensure that you back up any data prior to activation of this utility.
Remove any devices that are not targeted for purge.
After the data is removed from the target devices, it is purged.
There is no recovery to this action.
CAUTION: If the device is in Read-only mode, perform a format using fio-format before
running fio-sure-erase.
The fio-sure-erase utility cannot erase the device if it is in Minimal mode. Updating the
firmware might move the device out of Minimal Mode. If the device remains in Minimal mode,
contact HP Support (http://www.hp.com/support) for assistance.
IMPORTANT: Prior to reactivating the device, format the device with fio-format after running
fio-sure-erase.
To run fio-sure-erase, the block device must be detached. For more information, see "fio-detach (on
page 24)."
Description
The fio-sure-erase is a command-line utility that securely removes data from IO Accelerator devices. It
complies with the Clear and Purge level of destruction from the following standards:
•
DOD 5220.22-M—Complies with instructions for Flash EPROM.
•
NIST SP800-88—Complies with instructions for Flash EPROM.
For more information, see the following sections on "Clear support" and "Purge support."
Syntax
fio-sure-erase [options] <device>
where <device> is the name of the device node (/dev/fctx), where x indicates the card number: 0, 1,
2, and so on. For example, /dev/fct0 indicates the first IO Accelerator device installed on the system. To
view this device node, use "fio-status (on page 26)."
IMPORTANT: Products with Multiple Devices
fio-sure-erase applies to individual IO Accelerator devices. For example, if you are
planning to purge an ioDrive Duo device, perform this operation on each of the two IO
Accelerator devices.
Options
Description
-p
Purge instead of Clear: performs a write followed by an erase. For more information,
see "Purge support."
-y
No confirmation: Does not require a yes/no response to execute the utility.
-q
Quiet: Does not display the status bar.
IMPORTANT: If fio-sure-erase is run without options, then a Clear is performed. For more
information, see "Clear support."
Each block of memory consists of uniform 1 bits or 0 bits.
Utilities 29
Clear support
A Clear is the default state of running fio-sure-erase (with no options), and refers to the act of
performing a full low-level erase (every cell pushed to 1) of the entire NAND media, including retired erase
blocks.
Metadata that is required for operation will not be destroyed (media event log, erase counts, physical bytes
read/written, performance and thermal history), but any user-specific metadata will be destroyed.
The following describes the steps taken in the Clear operation:
1.
Creates a unity map of every addressable block (this allows fio-sure-erase to address every block,
including previously unmapped bad blocks).
2.
For each block, performs an erase cycle (every cell is pushed to 1).
3.
Restores the bad block map.
Formats the device (the purpose of this is to make the device usable again, the utility erases all of the headers
during the clear).
Purge support
A Purge is implemented by using the -p option with fio-sure-erase. Purge refers to the act of first
overwriting the entire NAND media (including retired erase blocks) with a single character (every cell written
to logical 0), and then performing a full chip erase (every cell pushed to 1) across all media (including retired
erase blocks).
Metadata that is required for operation will not be destroyed (media event log, erase counts, physical bytes
read/written, performance and thermal history), but any user-specific metadata will be destroyed.
The Purge operation includes the following steps:
1.
Creates a unity map of every addressable block (this allows fio-sure-erase to address every block,
including previously unmapped bad blocks).
2.
For each block, performs a write cycle (every cell is pushed to 0).
3.
For each block, performs an erase cycle (every cell pushed to 1).
4.
Restores the bad block map.
Formats the device (the purpose of this is to make the device usable again, the utility erases all of the headers
during the clear).
fio-update-iodrive
CAUTION: HP strongly recommends that data is backed up on any IO Accelerator device before
performing a firmware upgrade.
Description
Updates the IO Accelerator device's firmware. This utility scans the PCIe bus for all IO Accelerator devices
and updates them.
A progress bar and percentage are shown for each device as the update completes.
Utilities 30
CAUTION:
•
During a firmware upgrade, it is critical to maintain steady power or risk failure of
the IO Accelerator device. Connecting a qualified UPS is recommended prior to
performing a firmware upgrade.
•
It is critical to load the driver after each firmware upgrade step when scheduling
sequential, multiple firmware upgrades (example: 1.2.7 to 2.1.0 to 2.3.1). If the
driver is not loaded, the on-drive format will not be changed and there will be
data loss.
•
Data loss may occur if the IO Accelerator device firmware is downgraded.
Contact HP Support (http://www.hp.com/support) for recommendations.
•
The default to upgrade all IO Accelerator devices does not use the -d or -s
option. The firmware is located in the <ioaccelerator_version.fff> file.
Confirm that all devices need the firmware upgrade. The -p (Pretend) option, can
be run to view the possible results of the update.
•
Ensure that all IO Accelerator devices are detached before updating the
firmware.
•
Upgrade Path
There is a specific upgrade path to follow when upgrading an IO Accelerator
device. Consult the Release Notes for this IO Accelerator release before
upgrading any IO Accelerator devices.
IMPORTANT: If you receive an error message when updating the firmware that instructs you to
update the midprom information, contact HP Customer Support (http://www.hp.com/support).
To update one or more specific devices:
If the IO Accelerator is loaded, use the -d option with the device number.
Syntax
fio-update-iodrive [options] <iodrive_version.fff>
where <iodrive_version.fff> is the path and firmware archive file provided by HP. The default path
is /usr/share/fio/firmware. This parameter is required.
Options
Description
-d
Updates the specified devices (by fctx, where x is the number of the device shown in
fio-status). If this option is not specified, all devices are updated.
-f
-l
Use the -d or -s options carefully. Updating the wrong IO Accelerator
device could damage that device.
Force upgrade (used primarily to downgrade to an earlier firmware version). If the IO
Accelerator is not loaded, this option also requires the -s option.
Use the -f option carefully. Updating the wrong IO Accelerator device
could damage that device.
List the firmware available in the archive.
-p
Pretend: Shows what updates would be done. However, the actual firmware is not
modified.
-c
Clears locks placed on a device.
Utilities 31
Options
Description
-q
Runs the update process without displaying the progress bar or percentage.
-s
Updates the devices in the specified slots using "*" as a wildcard for devices. The slots
are identified in the following PCIe format (as shown in lspci):
[[[[<domain>]:]<bus>]:][<slot>][.[<func>]]
-y
Confirm all warning messages.
All three external LED indicators light up during the update process.
Utilities 32
Monitoring IO Accelerator health
NAND flash and component failure
The IO Accelerator is a highly fault-tolerant storage subsystem that provides many levels of protection against
component failure and the loss nature of solid state storage. However, as in all storage subsystems,
component failures might occur.
By pro-actively monitoring device age and health, you can ensure reliable performance over the intended
product life.
Health metrics
The IO Accelerator manages block retirement using pre-determined retirement thresholds. The HP IO
Accelerator Management Tool and the fio-status utilities show a health indicator that starts at 100 and
counts down to 0. As certain thresholds are crossed, various actions are taken.
At the 10% healthy threshold, a one-time warning is issued. For more information, see "Health monitoring
techniques."
At 0%, the device is considered unhealthy. It enters write-reduced mode, which somewhat prolongs its
lifespan so data can be safely migrated off. In this state the IO Accelerator device behaves normally, except
for the reduced write performance.
After the 0% threshold, the device will soon enter read-only mode, and any attempt to write to the IO
Accelerator device causes an error. Some filesystems might require special mount options to mount a
read-only block device in addition to specifying that the mount must be read-only.
For example, under Linux, ext3 requires that -o ro, noload is used. The noload option tells the
filesystem to not try and replay the journal.
Consider the read-only mode as a final opportunity to migrate data off the device, as device failure is more
likely with continued use.
The IO Accelerator device might enter failure mode. In this case, the device is offline and inaccessible. This
can be caused by an internal catastrophic failure, improper firmware upgrade procedures, or device
wearout.
The IO Accelerator driver manages LEB retirement via use of pre-determined retirement thresholds. The IO
Accelerator Management Tool and the fio-status utility show a health indicator that starts at 100 and
counts down to 0. As certain thresholds are crossed, various actions are taken.
At the 10% healthy threshold, a one-time warning is issued. For more information, see "Health monitoring
techniques."
At 0%, the device is considered unhealthy. It enters write-reduced mode, which somewhat prolongs its
lifespan so data can be safely migrated. In this state, the IO Accelerator behaves normally except for the
reduced write performance.
At some point after the 0% threshold, the device enters read-only mode. Any attempt to write to the IO
Accelerator causes an error. Some file systems might require special mount options to mount a read-only
Monitoring IO Accelerator health 33
block device, beyond specifying that the mount must be read-only. For example, under Linux, ext3 requires
that -o ro, noload is used. The noload option directs the file system not to attempt to replay the journal.
Read-only mode must be considered a final opportunity to migrate data off the device since device failure is
more likely with continued use.
The IO Accelerator might enter failure mode. In this case, the device is offline and inaccessible. This can be
caused by an internal catastrophic failure, improper firmware upgrade procedures, or device wears out.
IMPORTANT:
• For service or warranty-related questions, contact the company you purchased the device
from.
• For products with multiple IO Accelerator devices, these modes are maintained independently
for each device.
Health monitoring techniques
fio-status
Output from the fio-status utility shows the health percentage and drive state. These items are referenced
as Media status in the following sample output.
Found 3 ioMemory devices in this system
Fusion-io driver version: 3.1.0 build 364
Adapter: Single Adapter
HP IO Accelerator 1.30TB, Product Number:AJ878B,
SN:1133D0248, FIO SN:1134D9565
...
Media status: Healthy; Reserves: 100.00%, warn at 10.00%; Data: 99.12%
Lifetime data volumes:
Physical bytes written: 6,423,563,326,064
Physical bytes read
: 5,509,006,756,312
HP IO Accelerator Management Tool: In the Device Report tab, look for the Reserve Space percentage in the
right column. The higher the percentage, the healthier the drive is likely to be.
SNMP: On Windows or Linux operating systems, see the corresponding section for details on "Configuring
the SNMP master agent."
The following Health Status messages are produced by the fio-status utility:
•
Healthy
•
Read-only
•
Reduced-write
•
Unknown
Monitoring IO Accelerator health 34
ZFS pools and health monitoring
ZFS pools are typically configured to detect and mitigate the failure modes of traditional storage media. The
IO Accelerator device attempts to fail as gracefully as possible, and these new failure mechanisms are
compatible with ZFS pools. A device in a zpool fails to receive data at a sufficient rate if the device is in a
write-reduced state and it is participating in a write-heavy workload. In this case, the drive is evicted from the
zpool. A drive in read-only mode is evicted when write I/Os are returned from the device as failed.
Catastrophic failures are detected and handled just as though they are on traditional storage devices.
Using module parameters
The following table describes the module parameters you can set using the esxcfg-module command.
The remote option (--server) is only required for the vCLI.
Sample command:
esxcfg-module --server <server-name> iomemory-vsl -s '<parameter>=<value>'
You must reboot the ESX or ESXi system to enforce any parameter changes.
Module parameter
Default (min/max)
Description
auto_attach
1
1 = Always attach the device on startup.
0 = Do not attach the device on startup.
external_power_override*
No devices selected
Allows selected devices to draw full power from
the PCIe slot. The <value> for this parameter is
a comma-separated list of adapter serial
numbers.
force_minimal_mode
0
1 = Force minimal mode on the device.
0 = Do not force minimal mode on the device.
parallel_attach
True
1 = Enable parallel attach of multiple drivers.
0 = Disable parallel attach of multiple drives.
tintr_hw_wait
0 (0, 255)
Interval (microseconds) to wait between
hardware interrupts. Also known as interrupt
coalescing.
0 = Off.
*Use this parameter with care. For more information, see "Enabling PCIe power override (on page 14)."
Except for the external_power_override parameter, module parameters apply to all IO Accelerator
devices in the system.
To query the current module parameters, use the following command:
esxcfg-module --server <server-name> iomemory-vsl -g
Monitoring IO Accelerator health 35
Upgrading devices
Upgrading devices for IO Accelerator VSL 2.x.x to
3.x.x
This version of IO Accelerator VSL software supports new features, including the latest generation of IO
Accelerator architecture and improved Flashback protection. These features require the latest version of the
IO Accelerator firmware. Every device in a system running 2.x or later must be upgraded to the latest version
of the firmware.
For example, if you have a system running 2.x.x IO Accelerator VSL software with devices previously
installed and you want to install new devices that require the latest version of the firmware, then you must
upgrade all of the existing devices to the latest firmware version.
CAUTION: You cannot revert device firmware to an earlier version after you have upgraded the
device without voiding your warranty. If you experience problems with your upgrade, contact HP
Customer Support.
CAUTION: Upgrading devices (previously configured for VSL 2.x.x) to work with VSL 3.x.x
requires a low-level media format of the device. No user data is maintained during the process.
Be sure to back up all data as instructed.
Multiple upgrade passes for some versions
Depending on the current firmware version of your devices, you may need to upgrade your device's
firmware multiple times to preserve internal structures. See the IO Accelerator VSL software for the upgrade
path.
Upgrade procedure
Be sure to follow the upgrade path and make sure that all previously installed IO Accelerator devices are
updated with the appropriate 3.2.3-compatible firmware.
If you plan to use IO Accelerator Gen1 devices and IO Accelerator Gen2 devices in the same host, perform
this upgrade on all existing IO Accelerator Gen1 devices before installing the new IO Accelerator Gen2
devices.
1.
Prepare each existing IO Accelerator device for upgrade:
a. Back up user data on each IO Accelerator device.
CAUTION: Upgrading IO Accelerator devices that were previously configured for VSL 1.x.x or
2.x.x to work with VSL 3.x.x requires a low-level media format of the device. No user data is
maintained during the media format process. Be sure to backup all data on your IO Accelerator
device as instructed before upgrading the firmware.
Do not back up the data onto another IO Accelerator device on the same system. The backup must
be to a local disk or to an externally attached volume.
Upgrading devices
36
b. Run the fio-bugreport command-line utility and save the output. This output captures the device
information for each device in the system. This device information will be useful in troubleshooting
any upgrade issues. For example:
fio-bugreport
c.
Detach the IO Accelerator devices. For example:
fio-detach /dev/fct*
For more information, see "fio-detach (on page 24)."
2.
3.
4.
Unload the current IO Accelerator driver. For example:
$ pfexec rem_drv iomemory-vsl
Uninstall the 2.x HP IO Accelerator VSL software:
$ pfexec pkgrm iomemory-vsl
Install the new VSL and related packages:
a. Download the IO Accelerator VSL package and supporting packages from the HP website
(http://www.hp.com/support).
b. Uncompress the package:
$ gunzip -c iomemory-vsl*pkg.tar.gz|tar -xf c.
Install the VSL and utilities using the following command:
$ pfexec pkgadd -d . iomemory-vsl
5.
Update the firmware on each device to the latest version using the fio-update-iodrive command.
CAUTION: Do not turn off the power during a firmware upgrade, because this might cause
device failure. If a UPS is not in place, consider adding one to the system before performing a
firmware upgrade.
Sample syntax:
fio-update-iodrive [options] <iodrive_version.fff>
Where <iodrive_version.fff> is the path to the firmware archive. This command updates all of
the devices to the selected firmware. See the utility reference for more options If you want to update
specific devices.
6.
Reboot the system.
A warning that the upgraded devices are missing a lebmap, if fio-status is run. This is a customary
warning, and the issue will be corrected in the next step.
7.
Load the VSL. For example:
$ modprobe iomemory-vsl
For more information, see "Loading the IO Accelerator driver ("Loading the IO Accelerator VSL facility
(driver)" on page 12)."
CAUTION: Use this utility with care since it deletes all user information on the IO Accelerator.
8.
Using the fio-format command, format each device. For example:
fio-format <device>
You are prompted to confirm you want to erase all data on the device. The format might take an
extended period of time, depending on the wear on the device.
9.
Attach all IO Accelerator devices using the following command:
fio-attach /dev/fct*
Upgrading devices
37
10.
Using the following command, check the status of all devices:
fio-status -a
Your IO Accelerator devices are now successfully upgraded for this version of the HP IO Accelerator. You
can now install any IO Accelerator Gen2 devices.
Upgrading devices
38
Resources
Subscription service
HP recommends that you register your product at the Subscriber’s Choice for Business website
(http://www.hp.com/support).
After registering, you will receive e-mail notification of product enhancements, new driver versions, firmware
updates, and other product resources.
For more information
For additional information, see the following HP websites:
•
HP BladeSystem technical resources (http://www.hp.com/go/bladesystem/documentation) (white
papers and support documents)
•
HP BladeSystem components
(http://h18004.www1.hp.com/products/blades/components/c-class-compmatrix.html)
•
HP support (http://www.hp.com/support)
NOTE: Before contacting HP customer support, run the IO Accelerator bug reporting tool, and
have the report with you when you call. To run the IO Accelerator bug reporting tool, enter the
fio-bugreport command.
Resources
39
Support and other resources
Before you contact HP
Be sure to have the following information available before you call HP:
•
Active Health System log (HP ProLiant Gen8 or later products)
Download and have available an Active Health System log for 3 days before the failure was detected.
For more information, see the HP iLO 4 User Guide or HP Intelligent Provisioning User Guide on the HP
website (http://www.hp.com/go/ilo/docs).
•
Onboard Administrator SHOW ALL report (for HP BladeSystem products only)
For more information on obtaining the Onboard Administrator SHOW ALL report, see the HP website
(http://www.hp.com/go/OAlog).
•
Technical support registration number (if applicable)
•
Product serial number
•
Product model name and number
•
Product identification number
•
Applicable error messages
•
Add-on boards or hardware
•
Third-party hardware or software
•
Operating system type and revision level
HP contact information
For United States and worldwide contact information, see the Contact HP website
(http://www.hp.com/go/assistance).
In the United States:
•
To contact HP by phone, call 1-800-334-5144. For continuous quality improvement, calls may be
recorded or monitored.
•
If you have purchased a Care Pack (service upgrade), see the Support & Drivers website
(http://www8.hp.com/us/en/support-drivers.html). If the problem cannot be resolved at the website,
call 1-800-633-3600. For more information about Care Packs, see the HP website
(http://pro-aq-sama.houston.hp.com/services/cache/10950-0-0-225-121.html).
Customer Self Repair
HP products are designed with many Customer Self Repair (CSR) parts to minimize repair time and allow for
greater flexibility in performing defective parts replacement. If during the diagnosis period HP (or HP service
Support and other resources
40
providers or service partners) identifies that the repair can be accomplished by the use of a CSR part, HP will
ship that part directly to you for replacement. There are two categories of CSR parts:
•
Mandatory—Parts for which customer self repair is mandatory. If you request HP to replace these parts,
you will be charged for the travel and labor costs of this service.
•
Optional—Parts for which customer self repair is optional. These parts are also designed for customer
self repair. If, however, you require that HP replace them for you, there may or may not be additional
charges, depending on the type of warranty service designated for your product.
NOTE: Some HP parts are not designed for customer self repair. In order to satisfy the customer warranty,
HP requires that an authorized service provider replace the part. These parts are identified as "No" in the
Illustrated Parts Catalog.
Based on availability and where geography permits, CSR parts will be shipped for next business day
delivery. Same day or four-hour delivery may be offered at an additional charge where geography permits.
If assistance is required, you can call the HP Technical Support Center and a technician will help you over the
telephone. HP specifies in the materials shipped with a replacement CSR part whether a defective part must
be returned to HP. In cases where it is required to return the defective part to HP, you must ship the defective
part back to HP within a defined period of time, normally five (5) business days. The defective part must be
returned with the associated documentation in the provided shipping material. Failure to return the defective
part may result in HP billing you for the replacement. With a customer self repair, HP will pay all shipping
and part return costs and determine the courier/carrier to be used.
For more information about HP's Customer Self Repair program, contact your local service provider. For the
North American program, refer to the HP website (http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Réparation par le client (CSR)
Les produits HP comportent de nombreuses pièces CSR (Customer Self Repair = réparation par le client) afin
de minimiser les délais de réparation et faciliter le remplacement des pièces défectueuses. Si pendant la
période de diagnostic, HP (ou ses partenaires ou mainteneurs agréés) détermine que la réparation peut être
effectuée à l'aide d'une pièce CSR, HP vous l'envoie directement. Il existe deux catégories de pièces CSR:
Obligatoire - Pièces pour lesquelles la réparation par le client est obligatoire. Si vous demandez à HP de
remplacer ces pièces, les coûts de déplacement et main d'œuvre du service vous seront facturés.
Facultatif - Pièces pour lesquelles la réparation par le client est facultative. Ces pièces sont également
conçues pour permettre au client d'effectuer lui-même la réparation. Toutefois, si vous demandez à HP de
remplacer ces pièces, l'intervention peut ou non vous être facturée, selon le type de garantie applicable à
votre produit.
REMARQUE: Certaines pièces HP ne sont pas conçues pour permettre au client d'effectuer lui-même la
réparation. Pour que la garantie puisse s'appliquer, HP exige que le remplacement de la pièce soit effectué
par un Mainteneur Agréé. Ces pièces sont identifiées par la mention "Non" dans le Catalogue illustré.
Les pièces CSR sont livrées le jour ouvré suivant, dans la limite des stocks disponibles et selon votre situation
géographique. Si votre situation géographique le permet et que vous demandez une livraison le jour même
ou dans les 4 heures, celle-ci vous sera facturée. Pour bénéficier d'une assistance téléphonique, appelez le
Centre d'assistance technique HP. Dans les documents envoyés avec la pièce de rechange CSR, HP précise
s'il est nécessaire de lui retourner la pièce défectueuse. Si c'est le cas, vous devez le faire dans le délai
indiqué, généralement cinq (5) jours ouvrés. La pièce et sa documentation doivent être retournées dans
l'emballage fourni. Si vous ne retournez pas la pièce défectueuse, HP se réserve le droit de vous facturer les
coûts de remplacement. Dans le cas d'une pièce CSR, HP supporte l'ensemble des frais d'expédition et de
retour, et détermine la société de courses ou le transporteur à utiliser.
Support and other resources
41
Pour plus d'informations sur le programme CSR de HP, contactez votre Mainteneur Agrée local. Pour plus
d'informations sur ce programme en Amérique du Nord, consultez le site Web HP
(http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Riparazione da parte del cliente
Per abbreviare i tempi di riparazione e garantire una maggiore flessibilità nella sostituzione di parti
difettose, i prodotti HP sono realizzati con numerosi componenti che possono essere riparati direttamente
dal cliente (CSR, Customer Self Repair). Se in fase di diagnostica HP (o un centro di servizi o di assistenza
HP) identifica il guasto come riparabile mediante un ricambio CSR, HP lo spedirà direttamente al cliente per
la sostituzione. Vi sono due categorie di parti CSR:
Obbligatorie – Parti che devono essere necessariamente riparate dal cliente. Se il cliente ne affida la
riparazione ad HP, deve sostenere le spese di spedizione e di manodopera per il servizio.
Opzionali – Parti la cui riparazione da parte del cliente è facoltativa. Si tratta comunque di componenti
progettati per questo scopo. Se tuttavia il cliente ne richiede la sostituzione ad HP, potrebbe dover sostenere
spese addizionali a seconda del tipo di garanzia previsto per il prodotto.
NOTA: alcuni componenti HP non sono progettati per la riparazione da parte del cliente. Per rispettare la
garanzia, HP richiede che queste parti siano sostituite da un centro di assistenza autorizzato. Tali parti sono
identificate da un "No" nel Catalogo illustrato dei componenti.
In base alla disponibilità e alla località geografica, le parti CSR vengono spedite con consegna entro il
giorno lavorativo seguente. La consegna nel giorno stesso o entro quattro ore è offerta con un supplemento
di costo solo in alcune zone. In caso di necessità si può richiedere l'assistenza telefonica di un addetto del
centro di supporto tecnico HP. Nel materiale fornito con una parte di ricambio CSR, HP specifica se il cliente
deve restituire dei componenti. Qualora sia richiesta la resa ad HP del componente difettoso, lo si deve
spedire ad HP entro un determinato periodo di tempo, generalmente cinque (5) giorni lavorativi. Il
componente difettoso deve essere restituito con la documentazione associata nell'imballo di spedizione
fornito. La mancata restituzione del componente può comportare la fatturazione del ricambio da parte di HP.
Nel caso di riparazione da parte del cliente, HP sostiene tutte le spese di spedizione e resa e sceglie il
corriere/vettore da utilizzare.
Per ulteriori informazioni sul programma CSR di HP contattare il centro di assistenza di zona. Per il
programma in Nord America fare riferimento al sito Web HP (http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Customer Self Repair
HP Produkte enthalten viele CSR-Teile (Customer Self Repair), um Reparaturzeiten zu minimieren und höhere
Flexibilität beim Austausch defekter Bauteile zu ermöglichen. Wenn HP (oder ein HP Servicepartner) bei der
Diagnose feststellt, dass das Produkt mithilfe eines CSR-Teils repariert werden kann, sendet Ihnen HP dieses
Bauteil zum Austausch direkt zu. CSR-Teile werden in zwei Kategorien unterteilt:
Zwingend – Teile, für die das Customer Self Repair-Verfahren zwingend vorgegeben ist. Wenn Sie den
Austausch dieser Teile von HP vornehmen lassen, werden Ihnen die Anfahrt- und Arbeitskosten für diesen
Service berechnet.
Optional – Teile, für die das Customer Self Repair-Verfahren optional ist. Diese Teile sind auch für Customer
Self Repair ausgelegt. Wenn Sie jedoch den Austausch dieser Teile von HP vornehmen lassen möchten,
können bei diesem Service je nach den für Ihr Produkt vorgesehenen Garantiebedingungen zusätzliche
Kosten anfallen.
Support and other resources
42
HINWEIS: Einige Teile sind nicht für Customer Self Repair ausgelegt. Um den Garantieanspruch des
Kunden zu erfüllen, muss das Teil von einem HP Servicepartner ersetzt werden. Im illustrierten Teilekatalog
sind diese Teile mit „No“ bzw. „Nein“ gekennzeichnet.
CSR-Teile werden abhängig von der Verfügbarkeit und vom Lieferziel am folgenden Geschäftstag geliefert.
Für bestimmte Standorte ist eine Lieferung am selben Tag oder innerhalb von vier Stunden gegen einen
Aufpreis verfügbar. Wenn Sie Hilfe benötigen, können Sie das HP technische Support Center anrufen und
sich von einem Mitarbeiter per Telefon helfen lassen. Den Materialien, die mit einem CSR-Ersatzteil geliefert
werden, können Sie entnehmen, ob das defekte Teil an HP zurückgeschickt werden muss. Wenn es
erforderlich ist, das defekte Teil an HP zurückzuschicken, müssen Sie dies innerhalb eines vorgegebenen
Zeitraums tun, in der Regel innerhalb von fünf (5) Geschäftstagen. Das defekte Teil muss mit der zugehörigen
Dokumentation in der Verpackung zurückgeschickt werden, die im Lieferumfang enthalten ist. Wenn Sie das
defekte Teil nicht zurückschicken, kann HP Ihnen das Ersatzteil in Rechnung stellen. Im Falle von Customer
Self Repair kommt HP für alle Kosten für die Lieferung und Rücksendung auf und bestimmt den
Kurier-/Frachtdienst.
Weitere Informationen über das HP Customer Self Repair Programm erhalten Sie von Ihrem Servicepartner
vor Ort. Informationen über das CSR-Programm in Nordamerika finden Sie auf der HP Website unter
(http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Reparaciones del propio cliente
Los productos de HP incluyen muchos componentes que el propio usuario puede reemplazar (Customer Self
Repair, CSR) para minimizar el tiempo de reparación y ofrecer una mayor flexibilidad a la hora de realizar
sustituciones de componentes defectuosos. Si, durante la fase de diagnóstico, HP (o los proveedores o socios
de servicio de HP) identifica que una reparación puede llevarse a cabo mediante el uso de un componente
CSR, HP le enviará dicho componente directamente para que realice su sustitución. Los componentes CSR se
clasifican en dos categorías:
•
Obligatorio: componentes para los que la reparación por parte del usuario es obligatoria. Si solicita a
HP que realice la sustitución de estos componentes, tendrá que hacerse cargo de los gastos de
desplazamiento y de mano de obra de dicho servicio.
•
Opcional: componentes para los que la reparación por parte del usuario es opcional. Estos
componentes también están diseñados para que puedan ser reparados por el usuario. Sin embargo, si
precisa que HP realice su sustitución, puede o no conllevar costes adicionales, dependiendo del tipo de
servicio de garantía correspondiente al producto.
NOTA: Algunos componentes no están diseñados para que puedan ser reparados por el usuario. Para que
el usuario haga valer su garantía, HP pone como condición que un proveedor de servicios autorizado
realice la sustitución de estos componentes. Dichos componentes se identifican con la palabra "No" en el
catálogo ilustrado de componentes.
Según la disponibilidad y la situación geográfica, los componentes CSR se enviarán para que lleguen a su
destino al siguiente día laborable. Si la situación geográfica lo permite, se puede solicitar la entrega en el
mismo día o en cuatro horas con un coste adicional. Si precisa asistencia técnica, puede llamar al Centro de
asistencia técnica de HP y recibirá ayuda telefónica por parte de un técnico. Con el envío de materiales
para la sustitución de componentes CSR, HP especificará si los componentes defectuosos deberán
devolverse a HP. En aquellos casos en los que sea necesario devolver algún componente a HP, deberá
hacerlo en el periodo de tiempo especificado, normalmente cinco días laborables. Los componentes
defectuosos deberán devolverse con toda la documentación relacionada y con el embalaje de envío. Si no
enviara el componente defectuoso requerido, HP podrá cobrarle por el de sustitución. En el caso de todas
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43
sustituciones que lleve a cabo el cliente, HP se hará cargo de todos los gastos de envío y devolución de
componentes y escogerá la empresa de transporte que se utilice para dicho servicio.
Para obtener más información acerca del programa de Reparaciones del propio cliente de HP, póngase en
contacto con su proveedor de servicios local. Si está interesado en el programa para Norteamérica, visite
la página web de HP siguiente (http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Customer Self Repair
Veel onderdelen in HP producten zijn door de klant zelf te repareren, waardoor de reparatieduur tot een
minimum beperkt kan blijven en de flexibiliteit in het vervangen van defecte onderdelen groter is. Deze
onderdelen worden CSR-onderdelen (Customer Self Repair) genoemd. Als HP (of een HP Service Partner) bij
de diagnose vaststelt dat de reparatie kan worden uitgevoerd met een CSR-onderdeel, verzendt HP dat
onderdeel rechtstreeks naar u, zodat u het defecte onderdeel daarmee kunt vervangen. Er zijn twee
categorieën CSR-onderdelen:
Verplicht: Onderdelen waarvoor reparatie door de klant verplicht is. Als u HP verzoekt deze onderdelen
voor u te vervangen, worden u voor deze service reiskosten en arbeidsloon in rekening gebracht.
Optioneel: Onderdelen waarvoor reparatie door de klant optioneel is. Ook deze onderdelen zijn ontworpen
voor reparatie door de klant. Als u echter HP verzoekt deze onderdelen voor u te vervangen, kunnen
daarvoor extra kosten in rekening worden gebracht, afhankelijk van het type garantieservice voor het
product.
OPMERKING: Sommige HP onderdelen zijn niet ontwikkeld voor reparatie door de klant. In verband met
de garantievoorwaarden moet het onderdeel door een geautoriseerde Service Partner worden vervangen.
Deze onderdelen worden in de geïllustreerde onderdelencatalogus aangemerkt met "Nee".
Afhankelijk van de leverbaarheid en de locatie worden CSR-onderdelen verzonden voor levering op de
eerstvolgende werkdag. Levering op dezelfde dag of binnen vier uur kan tegen meerkosten worden
aangeboden, indien dit mogelijk is gezien de locatie. Indien assistentie gewenst is, belt u een HP Service
Partner om via de telefoon technische ondersteuning te ontvangen. HP vermeldt in de documentatie bij het
vervangende CSR-onderdeel of het defecte onderdeel aan HP moet worden geretourneerd. Als het defecte
onderdeel aan HP moet worden teruggezonden, moet u het defecte onderdeel binnen een bepaalde
periode, gewoonlijk vijf (5) werkdagen, retourneren aan HP. Het defecte onderdeel moet met de
bijbehorende documentatie worden geretourneerd in het meegeleverde verpakkingsmateriaal. Als u het
defecte onderdeel niet terugzendt, kan HP u voor het vervangende onderdeel kosten in rekening brengen. Bij
reparatie door de klant betaalt HP alle verzendkosten voor het vervangende en geretourneerde onderdeel en
kiest HP zelf welke koerier/transportonderneming hiervoor wordt gebruikt.
Neem contact op met een Service Partner voor meer informatie over het Customer Self Repair programma
van HP. Informatie over Service Partners vindt u op de HP website (http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Reparo feito pelo cliente
Os produtos da HP são projetados com muitas peças para reparo feito pelo cliente (CSR) de modo a
minimizar o tempo de reparo e permitir maior flexibilidade na substituição de peças com defeito. Se,
durante o período de diagnóstico, a HP (ou fornecedores/parceiros de serviço da HP) concluir que o reparo
pode ser efetuado pelo uso de uma peça CSR, a peça de reposição será enviada diretamente ao cliente.
Existem duas categorias de peças CSR:
Obrigatória – Peças cujo reparo feito pelo cliente é obrigatório. Se desejar que a HP substitua essas peças,
serão cobradas as despesas de transporte e mão-de-obra do serviço.
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Opcional – Peças cujo reparo feito pelo cliente é opcional. Essas peças também são projetadas para o
reparo feito pelo cliente. No entanto, se desejar que a HP as substitua, pode haver ou não a cobrança de
taxa adicional, dependendo do tipo de serviço de garantia destinado ao produto.
OBSERVAÇÃO: Algumas peças da HP não são projetadas para o reparo feito pelo cliente. A fim de
cumprir a garantia do cliente, a HP exige que um técnico autorizado substitua a peça. Essas peças estão
identificadas com a marca "No" (Não), no catálogo de peças ilustrado.
Conforme a disponibilidade e o local geográfico, as peças CSR serão enviadas no primeiro dia útil após o
pedido. Onde as condições geográficas permitirem, a entrega no mesmo dia ou em quatro horas pode ser
feita mediante uma taxa adicional. Se precisar de auxílio, entre em contato com o Centro de suporte técnico
da HP para que um técnico o ajude por telefone. A HP especifica nos materiais fornecidos com a peça CSR
de reposição se a peça com defeito deve ser devolvida à HP. Nos casos em que isso for necessário, é
preciso enviar a peça com defeito à HP dentro do período determinado, normalmente cinco (5) dias úteis.
A peça com defeito deve ser enviada com a documentação correspondente no material de transporte
fornecido. Caso não o faça, a HP poderá cobrar a reposição. Para as peças de reparo feito pelo cliente, a
HP paga todas as despesas de transporte e de devolução da peça e determina a transportadora/serviço
postal a ser utilizado.
Para obter mais informações sobre o programa de reparo feito pelo cliente da HP, entre em contato com o
fornecedor de serviços local. Para o programa norte-americano, visite o site da HP
(http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair).
Support and other resources
45
Support and other resources
46
Support and other resources
47
Acronyms and abbreviations
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface
DVFS
dynamic voltage and frequency scaling
IOPS
input/output operations per second
LEB
Logical Erase Block
LVM
Logical Volume Manager
MIB
management information base
NAND
Not AND
RHEL
Red Hat Enterprise Linux
RPM
Red Hat Package Manager
VSL
virtual storage layer
Acronyms and abbreviations 48
Documentation feedback
HP is committed to providing documentation that meets your needs. To help us improve the documentation,
send any errors, suggestions, or comments to Documentation Feedback (mailto:docsfeedback@hp.com).
Include the document title and part number, version number, or the URL when submitting your feedback.
Documentation feedback
49
Index
A
about this guide 5
authorized reseller 43, 44
C
command-line utilities 15
configuring a ZFS pool 13
contents summary 5
CSR (customer self repair) 44
customer self repair (CSR) 44
D
devices, upgrading 39
disabling auto attach 17
disabling DVFS 23
disabling the driver 18
documentation feedback 53
E
Enabling PCIe power 13
enabling PCIe power override 15
enabling the driver 18
enabling the override parameter 16
HP Subscriber's Choice for Business 42
HP technical support 43, 44
HP, contacting 44
I
installation overview 7, 11
installing software 11
introduction 6
L
LED indicators 22
limiting APCI C-states 23
loading the driver 12
M
maintenance 15, 18
maintenance tools 15
management tools 19
managing devices 19
module parameters 38
monitoring conditions 20
monitoring devices 19
monitoring IO Accelerator health 36
N
F
NAND flash and component failure 36
fio-attach utility 25
fio-beacon utility 26
fio-bugreport utility 26
fio-detach utility 27
fio-format utility 28
fio-status utility 29
fio-sure-erase utility 31
fio-update-iodrive utility 33
firmware, upgrading 12
For more information 42
O
H
health metrics 36
health monitoring 38
health monitoring techniques 37
operating environment 8
overview 6
P
PCIe power override, enabling 15
PCIe power, enabling 13
performance and tuning 23
performance and tuning, introduction 23
performance attributes 7
phone numbers 44
product naming 6
Index
50
R
resources 42, 43
S
software installation 11
support 43, 44
support and other resources 43
supported firmware revisions 8
supported hardware 9
T
technical support 43, 44
telephone numbers 43, 44
U
uninstalling the driver 17
unmanaged shutdown issues 18
upgrading devices 39
upgrading firmware 12
upgrading, procedure 39
using module parameters 38
using the IO Accelerator as a swap 13
utilities 11, 25
utilities reference 25
W
website, HP 44
Z
ZFS pool, configuring 13
ZFS pools 38
Index
51
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