HP | 410C | User's Manual | HP 410C User's Manual

TM 11-6625-1614-15
DEPARTMENT
OF
THE
ARMY
TECHNICAL
MANUAL
ORGANIZATIONAL, DS, GS,
AND DEPOT MAINTENANCE MANUAL
HEWLETT-PACKARD
ELECTRONIC VOLTMETER
MODEL 410C
This copy
pages
IS
from
HEADQUARTERS,
a
reprint
Change
which
includes
current
1.
DEPARTMENT
AUGUST 1967
OF
THE
ARMY
TM 11-6625-1614-15
WARNING
DANGEROUS VOLTAGES
EXIST IN THIS EQUIPMENT
Be careful when working on the power supplies
and their circuits, or on the 115- or 230-volt
ac line connections.
DON’T TAKE CHANCES!
This manual contains copyrighted material prepared by the Hewlett-Packard Co.
TM 11-6625-1614-15
TECHNICAL
MANUAL
No. 11-6625-1614-15)
HEADQUARTERS
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
W A S H I N G T O N , DC, 28 August 1 9 6 7
ORGANIZATIONAL, DS, GS, AND DEPOT MAINTENANCE MANUAL
HEWLETT–PACKARD ELECTRONIC VOLTMETER
MODEL 410C
(NSN 6625-00-969-4105)
Page
Section
I
II
III
IV
V
GENERAL
1-A.1.
1-A.2.
1-A.3.
1-A.4.
1-A.5.
1-A.6.
1-1.
1-4.
INFORMATION ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Scope -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Index of Publications -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Maintenance Forms, Records, and Reports --------------------------------------------------------Reporting Errors and Recommending Improvements -------------------------------------------Reporting Equipment Improvement Recommendations (EIR)--------------------------------Administrative Storage ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Description ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Accessories Available ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-2
1-2
1-2
1-4
1-5
INSTALLATION ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Inspection --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2-1.
2-3.
Installation ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2-5.
Rack Mounting -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------2-9.
Three - Conductor Power Cable ---------------------------------------------------------------------2-12.
Primary Power Requirements -------------------------------------------------------------------------2-14.
Repackaging for Shipment ------------------------------------------------------------------------------
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-1
2-2
OPERATION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3-1.
Introduction -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3-3.
Adjustment of Mechanical Zero---------------------------------------------------------------------3-5.
Front and Rear Panel Description --------------------------------------------------------------------3-7.
Operating Procedures -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------3-9.
DC Voltage Measurements (Figure 3-2)------------------------------------------------------3-11.
DC Current Measurements (Figure 3-3)------------------------------------------------------3-13.
AC Voltage Measurements (Figure 3-4) ------------------------------------------------------3-15.
Precautions When Measuring AC Voltage ---------------------------------------------------Negative Pulses -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3-28.
3-31.
Measuring Resistance (Figure 3-7) -------------------------------------------------------------------3-33.
Measuring DC Nano-Ampere Current (Figure 3-8) -----------------------------------------------
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-1
3-4
3-4
3-4
THEORY OF OPERATION --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4-1.
Overall Description --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4-4.
Circuit Description --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4-5.
Input Network --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------4-16.
Modulator - Demodulator -----------------------------------------------------------------------4-23.
The Feedback Network ---------------------------------------------------------------------------4-27.
Power Supply ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------MAINTENANCE ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5-1.
Introduction ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------5-3.
Test Equipment Required ------------------------------------------------------------------------------5-5.
Performance Checks -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-2
4-2
5-1
5-1
5-1
5-1
Change
i
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Page
Section
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
-
7
9
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
3
3
3
3
3
4
4
.
.
0
3
6
7
1
2
6
8
9
0
1
3
4
5
6
5
8
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
Alternate Voltage Source -------------------------------------------------------------------------Mechanical Meter Zero ---------------------------------------------------------------------------DC Voltmeter OWration -------------------------------------------------------------------------DC Ammeter Operation --------------------------------------------------------------------------Ohmmeter Operation -----------------------------------------------------------------------------Amplifier Operation -------------------------------------------------------------------------------DC Amplifier Output Impedance Check ------------------------------------------------------AC Voltmeter Operation -------------------------------------------------------------------------Adjustment and Calibration Prmedure -------------------------------------------------------------Chopper Frequency Adjust ----------------------------------------------------------------------Power Supply Adjustment -----------------------------------------------------------------------DC Zero Adjustment and Bias ------------------------------------------------------------------DC Amplifier Output Adjust --------------------------------------------------------------------Ohms Adjust (R3)----------------------------------------------------------------------------------AC Zero Adjust ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AC Full Scale Adjust (.5 V Range) -------------------------------------------------------------Troubleshooting Procedure ----------------------------------------------------------------------------Servicing Etched Circuit Boards ----------------------------------------------------------------Chopper, Assembly Installation -----------------------------------------------------------------
5- 1
5-1
5-1
5-2
5-4
5-4
5-5
5-5
5-8
5-8
5-9
5-10
5-10
5-11
5-12
5-12
5-12
5-14
5-15
LIST OF TABLES
Number
1-1.
3-1.
5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
5-5.
5-6.
5-7.
5-8.
5-9.
5-10.
Specifications
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Possible Eror When Measuring Voltage of Complex Waveforms ------------------------------------------Recommended Test Equipment ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DCV Accuracy Test ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DCV Input Resistance Test ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DCA Accuracy Test ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Deleted
AC Accuracy Test -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Power Supply Test ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------AC Full Scale Adjust -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Front Panel Troubleshooting Prmedure -------------------------------------------------------------------------Troubleshooting Prwedure ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1-3
3-3
5-0
5-2
5-3
5-3
5-6
5-9
5-13
5-16
5-17
LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS
Number
1-1.
2-1.
2-2.
2-3.
2-4.
3-1.
3-2.
3-3.
3-4.
3-5.
3-6.
3-7.
3-8.
4-1.
4-2.
4-3.
ii
Page
Model 410C Electronic Voltmeter
The
The Combining Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Steps to Place Instrument in Combining Case-------------------------------------------------------------------Adaptor Frame Instrument Combination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TWO Half Modules in Rack Adaptor ------------------------------------------------------------------------------Front and Rear Panel Controls -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DC Voltage Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Current Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AD Voltage Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maximum AC Voltage Chart for 11036A Probe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graph Used in Calculation of Pulse Voltage Readings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Resistance Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DC Nano-Ampere Current Measurements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Block Diagram, Model 410C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Modulator - Demodulator Mechanical Analogy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Simplified Schematic, DC Current Measurement ---------------------------------------------------------------
1-0
2-0
2-0
2-1
2-2
3-2
3-5
3-6
3-7
3-8
3-9
3-10
3-11
4-0
4-0
4-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Page
Number
4-4.
4-5.
4-6.
5-1.
5-2.
5-3.
5-4.
5-5.
5-6.
5-6.1
5-7.
5-8.
5-9.
5-10.
5-11.
5-12.
5-13.
5-14.
4-4
4-5
4-6
5-1
5-3
5-5
5-6
5-14
5-15
5-16.1
5-17
5-19
5-20
5-21
5-22
5-22
5-23
5-24
Simplified Schematic, DC Voltage Measurements -------------------------------------------------------------Simplified Schematic, Resistance Measurement ----------------------------------------------------------------Simplified Schematic, AC Voltage Measurement --------------------------------------------------------------Alternate Voltage Source --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------DC Ammeter Operation ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------High Frequency Response Test -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Low Frequency Response Test --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Troubleshooting Tree -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------A4 Chopper Assembly Installation --------------------------------------------------------------------------------Chopper Frequency Adjust Setup ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Power Supply Measurements ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Power Supply Schematic ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Typical Amplifier Waveforms --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Amplifier Schematic--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Model 11036A AC Probe Exploded -------------------------------------------------------------------------------Model l1036A Probe Schematic -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------RANGE and FUNCTION Switching (Pictorial) ----------------------------------------------------------------Input RANGE and FUNCTION Switching Schematic ---------------------------------------------------------
i
i
i
o
d
e
l
4
1
0
C
TM 11-6625-1614-15
M
1 - 0
Section I
Figure 1-1
Figure 1-1.
TM 11-6625-1614-15
SECTION I
GENERAL INFORMATION
1-A.1. Scope
a. This manual includes installation and operation
instructions and covers operator’s, organizational,
direct support (DS), general support (GS), and depot
maintenance. It describes Hewlett-Packard (Federal
supply code 28480) Electronic Voltmeter Model 410C.
This manual applies to equipments with serial numbers prefixed by 433 and serial number 532-03701
and higher. If the first three digits on your instrument are 550, refer to figure 5-10, note 14 for the
change in equipments of this serial prefix.
b. A basic issue iterns list for this equipment is
not included as part of this manual.
1-A.2. Index of Publications
Refer to the latest issue of DA Pam 310-4 to determine whether there are new editions, changes, or additional publications pertaining to the equipment.
1-A.3. Maintenance Forms, Records,
and Reports
a. Reports of Maintenance and Unsatisfactory
Equipment. Department of the Army forms and
procedures used for equipment maintenance will be
those prescribed by TM 38-750, The Army Maintenance Management System.
b. Report of Item and Packaging Discrepancies.
Fill out and forward SF 364 (Report of Discrepancy
(ROD) ) as prescribed in AR 735-1l-2/DLAR 4140.
55/NAVMATINST 4355.73/AFR 400.54/MCO
4430.3E.
c. Discrepancy in Shipment Report (DISREP)
(SF361). Fill out and forward Discrepancy in Shipment Report (DISREP) (SF 361) as prescribed in AR
55-38/NAVSUPINST 4610.33B/AFR 75-18/MCO
P4610.19C and DLAR 4500.15.
1-A.4. Reporting Errors and Recoin.
mending Improvements
You can help improve this manual. If you find any
mistakes or if you know of a way to improve the procedures, please let us know. Mail your letter, DA
Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications
and Blank Forms), direct to Commander, US Army
Communications and Electronics Materiel Readiness Command, ATTN: DRSEL-ME-MQ, Fort
Monmouth, NJ 07703. A reply will be furnished to
you.
1-A.5. Reporting Equipment Improve.
ment Recommendations (EIR)
If your Electronic Voltmeter needs improvement, let
us know. Send us and EIR. You, the user are the only
one who can tell us what you don’t like about your
equipment. Let us know why you don’t like the design. Tell us why a procedure is hard to perform. Put
it on an SF 368 (Quality Deficiency Report). Mail it
to Commander, US Army Communications and Electronics Materiel Readiness Command, ATTN: DRSEL-ME-MQ, Fort Monmouth, NJ 07703. We’ll
send you a reply.
1-A.6. Administrative Storage
Administrative storage of this equipment consists of
covering the equipment with heavy paper taped in a
way to prevent entry of dust particles. If environment
is humid, use bags of dessicant inside the paper
covering.
Change 1
1-1/ (1-2 Blank)
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section I
Table 1-1
Table 1-1.
01556-2
1-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
1-1. DESCRIPTION.
1-2. The Hewlett-Packard Model 4l0C Electronic Voltmeter can be
used to measure DC voltage and DC current; AC voltage and
resistance. Positive and negative DC voltages from 10 millivolts
to 1500 volts and positive and negative DC currents from 1.5
microamperes to 150 milliamperes can be measured full scale.
Resistance from 10 ohms to 10 megohms full scale can be measured
with an accuracy of ±5% of reading at midscale; resistance from
0.2 ohms to 500 megohms can be measured with reduced accuracy.
The Model 410C Electronic Voltmeter is shown in Figure 1-1; the
specifications are given in Table 1-1.
1-3. With the Model 11036A detachable AC Probe, the Voltmeter
can be used to measure AC voltage from 20 cps to 700 Mc.
From
20 cps to 100 MC) AC voltage from 0.5 to 300 volts can be measured;
from 100 Mc to 700 Mc, refer to Figure 3-5 for maximum AC voltage
that can be applied to the AC Probe. For additional information
on the AC Probe, refer to Paragraph 1-8.
1-4
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
1-4. ACCESORIES AVAILABLE .
1-5. MODEL 11036A AC PROBE.
This accessory, when used with the
Model 410C, permits AC voltage measurements from 0.5 volt rms
to 300 volts rms, full scale over a frequency range of 20 cps to
700 Mc.
Reference calibration accuracy at 400 cps (sinusoidal)
is ±3% of full scale.
Frequency response is ±10% from 20 cps to
700 Mc, with indications obtainable to 3000 Mc. Frequency
response at 100 Mc is within ±2%. The Model 110364 responds to
the positive-peak-above-average value of the signal applied. The
Model 410C is calibrated to read in RMS volts, for sine wave
inputs .
1 - 5
Model 410C
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section II
Figures 2-l and 2-2
Figure 2-1. The Combining Case
Figure
2-0
2-2. Steps to Place Instrument in Combining Case
01556-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section II
Paragraphs 2-1 to 2-13
Model 410C
SECTION II
INSTALLATION
.
2-1. INSPECTION.
2-9. THREE-CONDUCTOR POWER CABLE.
2-2. ‘This instrument was carefully inspected both
2-10. To protect operating personnel, the National
mechanically and electrically, before shipment. It
should be physically free of mars or scratches and in
perfect electrical order upon receipt. To confirm
this, the instrument should be inspected for physical
damage in transit. Also, check for supplied accessories, and test the electrical performance of the instrument using the procedure outlined in Paragraph
5-5 Performance Checks. If there is any
damage or deficiency, refer to
paragraph 1-A.3.
Electrical Manufacturers’ Association (NEMA) recommends that the instrument panel and cabinet be
grounded. All Hewlett-Packard instruments are
equipped with a three-conductor power cable which
grounds the instrument when plugged into an appropri-
2-3. INSTALLATION.
2-4. The
Model 410C is transistorized except for
one vacuum tube and requires no special cooling.
However, the instrument should not be operated where
the ambient temperature exceeds 55° C (140° F).
2-5. RACK MOUNTING.
2-6. The Model 410C is a submodular unit designed
for bench use. However, when used in combination
with other submodular units, it can be bench and/or
rack mounted. The Combining Cases and Adapter
Frame are designed specifically for this purpose.
ate receptacle.
2-11. To preserve the protection feature when operating ihe instrument from a two-contact outlet, use
three - prong to two - prong adapter and connect the
green pigtail on the adapter to ground.
2-12. PRIMARY POWER REQUIREMENTS.
2-13. The Modei 410C can be operated from either
115 or 230 volts, 50 to 1000 cps. The instrument can
be easily converted from i 15- to 230- volt operation.
The LINE VOLTAGE switch, S4 a two-position slide
switch located at the rear of the instrument, selects
the mode of AC operation. The line voltage from
which the instrument is set to operate appears on the
siider of the switch. A 0.25-ampere, slo-blo fuse is
used for both 115- and 230-volt operation.
2-7. MODELS 1051A AND 1052A COMBINING CASES.
The Combining Cases are full-module unita which
accept various combinations of submodular units.
Beinga full width unit, it can either be bench or rack
mounted. An illustration of the Combining Case is
shown in Figure 2-1. Instructions for installing the
Model 410C are shown in Figure 2-2.
2-8. RACK ADAPTER FRAME (
Part No. 50600797). The adapter frame is a rack mounting frame
that accepts various combinations of submodular
units. It can be rack mounted only. An illustration
of the adapter frame is given in Figure 2-3. Instructions are given below.
a. Place the adapter frame on edge of bench as
shown in step 1, Figure 2-4.
b. Stack the submodular units in the frame as
shown instep 2, Figure 2-4. Place the spacer clamps
between instruments as shown in step 3, Figure 2-4.
c. Place spacer clamps on the two end instruments
(see step 4, Figure 2-4) and push the combination into
the frame.
d. Insert screws on either side of frame, and
tighten until submodular instruments are tight in the
frame.
e. The compiete assembly is ready for rack
mounting.
01556-2
Figure 2-3. Adapter Frame Instrument Combination
2-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section II
Paragraph 2-14 to 2-15
Model 410C
DO NOT CHANGE THE SETTING OF THE
LINE VOLTAGE SWITCH WHEN THE VOLTMETER IS OPERATING.
2-14. REPACKAGING FOR SHIPMENT.
2-15. The following paragraphs contain a general
guide for repackaging of the instrument for shipment.
Refer to Paragraph 2-16 if the original container is
to be used: 2-17 if it is not.
2-16. If the original container is to be used, proceed as
follows:
a. Place instrument in original container if available.
Figure 2-4. Two Half Modules in Rack Adapter
b. Ensure that container is well sealed with strong
tape or metal bands.
2-17. If original container is not to be used, proceed
as follows:
a. Wrap instrument in heavy paper or
before placing in an inner container.
plastic
b. Place packing material around all sides of
instrument and protect panel face with cardboard
strips.
2-2
c. Place instrument and inner container in a heavy
carton or wooden box and seal with strong tape or
metal bands.
d. Mark shipping container with "DELICATE
INSTRUMENT”, “FRAGILE”, etc.
01556-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Paragraph 3-1 to 3-18
Model 410C
SECTION III
OPERATION
3-13. AC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT (Figure 3-4).
3-1. INTRODUCTION.
3-2. The Model 410C is used to measure AC and DC
voltage, DC current, and resistance. All measurement inputs are located on the front panel; a DC output connector is located on the rear panel. Front
panel controls and indicators are color coded. DC
voltage, DC current and resistance knobs and indicators are in black; AC voltage controls and indicators are in red.
3-3. ADJUSTMENT OF MECHANICAL ZERO.
3-4. The procedure for adjustment of mechanical
zero is given in Section V.
3-5. FRONT AND REAR PANEL DESCRIPTION.
3-6. Figure 3-1 describes the function of all front
and rear panel controls, connectors and indicators .
The description of each control, connector and indicator is keyed to a drawing which accompanies the
figure.
3-7. OPERATING PROCEDURES.
3-8. There are five operating procedures: DC Voltage Measurements, Figure 3-2; DC Current Measurements, Figure 3-3; AC Voltage Measurements, Figure 3-4; Resistance Measurements, Figure 3-7; and
Measuring DC Current in Nano-amperes, Figure 3-8.
Note
Ageing of the neon tamps in the chopper
assembly can cause a change in chopper
frequency which produces a slight oscillatory movement of meter pointer. If
this oscillatory movement is observed,
rotate Oac Freq Adj A3R5 (see Paragragraph 5-28) in the ccw direction until
oscillation of pointer stops.
3-9.
.
DC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS (Figure 3-2).
3-10. The Model 410C is normally floating; however
a shorting bar can be connected at the DC AMPLIFIER
OUTPUT connector on the rear panel. When the instrument is floating, the COM Lead should not be connected
to voltages greater than 400 volts.
3-11. DC CURRENT MEASUREMENTS (Figure 3-3).
3-12. General instructions for the measurement of
DC current are the same as those given for DC voltage measurements, Paragraph 3-9.
01556-2
1ONE SIDE OF ALMOST ALL POWER
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS IS GROUNDED.
EXTREME CAUTION MUST BE USED IF
DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF POWER
LINE VOLTAGES IS ATTEMPTED. IF
THE GROUND CLIP LEAD IS ACCIDENTALLY CONNECTED TO THE UNGROUNDEDSIDE OF THE LINE. SEVERE
DAMAGE TO THE 410C IS POSSIBLE
BECAUSE OF THE SHORT CIRCUIT
POWER LINE’ VOLTAGES
CREATED.
CAN BE SAFELY MEASURED BY USING
THE PROBE TIP ONLY. CONTACTING
THE GROUNDED POWER CONDUCTOR
WILL GIVE A READING OF 0 VOLTS
THE
UNWHILE
CONTACTING
GROUNDED LEAD WILL GIVE FULL
VOLTAGE READING.
3-14. Although the Model 410C indicates a full scale
AC range of 500 volts, the optional Model 11036A AC
Probe should not be connected to AC voltages in excess of 300 volts RMS. AC voltage referenced to a
DC voltage may be measured, but the AC Probe clip
(alligator type) must be connected to the ground
of the circuit under test.
WHEN MEASURING AC REFERENCED
TO DC, THE PEAK AC VOLTAGE PLUS
DC VOLTAGE CONNECTED TO TRE
PROBE MUST NOT EXCEED 420 VOLTS.
3-15. PRECAUTION WHEN MEASURING AC VOLTAGE.
3-16. Special considerations must be kept in mind
when making AC voltage measurements. These considerations are discussed in the following paragraphs.
3-17. GENERAL CONSIDERATION OF COMPLEX
WAVEFORMS. Waveforms containing appreciable
harmonics or spurious voltages will introduce error
in the meter indication since the meter has been calibrated to read RMS values of true sine waves while
the Model 11036A Probe is a peak-above-average
responding device.. The magnitude of error that may
be expected when harmonics are present on the measured waveform is indicated in Table 3-1.
3-18. VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS AT FREQUENCIES BELOW 50 CYCLES/SECOND. Voltage measurements at frequencies as low as 10 cycles per
3-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section III
Figure 3-1
1.
FUNCTION SELECTOR: This control is used for
selecting type of measurement to be made. They
are: ±DC Voltage, ±DC Current, AC Voltage,
and resistance measurements.
2.
AC ZERO: This control provides adjustment for
zero-setting the meter before making AC voltage measurements.
3.
MECHANICAL ZERO ADJUST: This adjustment
mechanically zero-sets the meter prior to turning on Voltmeter.
4.
RANGE: This control selects the full scale
meter range.
8.
DCV: This lead is used in conjunction with the
COM Lead to measure ±DC voltage.
9.
AC PROBE (300V MAX): Receptacle for telephone-type plug of Model 11036A AC Probe.
With probe connected the Voltmeter may be
used to make AC voltage measurements.
10.
ADJUST: This control is used to set meter
pointer to
before resistance measurements
this
are made. Only periodic adjustment o f
screwdriver adjustment is necessary.
5. AC POWER SWITCH: This push button - lamp
combination, when depressed, turns the instrument power on or off. The push button glows
when the Voltmeter power is on,
11. LINE VOLTAGE: This two-position slide switch
sets the instrument to accept either 115 or 230
volt AC primary power.
6.
DCA-OHMS: This lead is used in conjunction
with the COM Lead to measure DC current or
ohms. The FUNCTION SELECTOR determines
which measurement is made.
12. FUSEHOLDER: The fuseholder contains a 0. 25
ampere slow-blow fuse for both 115 vac and
230 vac modes of operation.
7.
COM: This lead is used with the input leads for
DC voltage current, AC voltage, and resistance
measurements.
The COM Lead is normally
floating; however, a shorting bar can be connected from the floating ground terminal to the
chassis ground terminal on the DC AMPLIFIER
OUTPUT connector. If a shorting bar is not
used, the COM Lead is floating except when the
FUNCTION SELECTOR is set to ACV.
13. AC POW ERCONNECTOR: Accepts power cable
supplied with the instrument.
14. DC AMPLIFIER OUTPUT: Provides DC voltage output proportional to meter indication for
driving external recorder. 1.5 volts DC output for full scale meter deflection.
Figure 3-1. Front and Rear Panel Controls
3-2
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Paragraphs 3-19 to 3-27 and Table 3-1
Model 410C
second maY be made without loss of accuracy by removing the. plastic nose on the Model 11036A and using
in its place a 0.25 microfarad blocking capacitor in
series with the exposed contact of the probe.
THE GRAY INSULATING MATERIAL
AROUND THE AC PROBE IS POLYSTYRENE, A LOW-MELTING POINT
MATERIAL. IT IS NOT POSSIBLE TO
SOLDER TO THE CONTACT WHICH IS
EXPOSED WITH THE PROBE NOSE IS
REMOVED WITHOUT
DESTROYING
THE POLYSTYRENE.
Table 3-1.
Possible Error When Measuring Voltage
of Complex Waveforms
,
% Harmonic True RMS Value Voltmeter Indication
o
10%
20%
50%
l0%
20%
50%
2nd
2nd
2nd
3rd
3rd
3rd
100
100.5
102
112
100.5
102
112
100
90 to 110
80 to 120
75 to 150
90 to 110
87 to 120
106 to 150
3-19. VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT AT HIGH FREQUENCIES. At frequencies above 100 megacycles
the distance between the point of voltage measurement and anode of the probe diode must be made as
short as possible. If feasible, substitute a small disc
type capacitor of approximately 50 picofarsds for the
removable tip on the probe. Solder one terminal of
the button capacitor to the measurement point in the
circuit and not to the probe contact. The probe contact ( with tip removed ) can then contact the other
terminal of the capacitor for the measurement.
3-20. At frequencies above 100 megacycles considerable voltage may be built up across ground leads
and along various part of a grounding piane.
Consequently, to avoid erroneous readings when measuring medium and high frequency circuits, use the
ground clip lead on the shell of the probe to connect
the circuit ground. In some cases at the higher frequencies it maybe necessary to shorten the grounding
lead on the probe.
3-21. For all measurements at higher frequencies,
hold the molded nose of the probe as far from the external ground piane or from object at ground potential
as can conveniently be done. Under typical conditions,
this practice will keep the input capacitance several
tenths of a picofarad lower than otherwise.
3-22. For measurements above approximately 250
megacycles it is almost mandatory that measurements
be made on voltages which are confined to coaxial
transmission iine circuits. For applications of this
type, the Model 11036A Probe is particularly suitable
because the physical configuration of the diode and
probe is that of a concentric line, and with a few precautions it can be connected to typical coaxial transmission line circuits with little difficulty.
01556-2
3-23. T O connect the probe into an existing coaxial
transmission line, cut the line away so the center conductor of the line is exposed through a hole large
enough to clear the body of the probe. The nose of the
probe should be removed for this type of measurement.
Connect one terminal of a button-type capacitor of approximately 50 picofarads to the center conductor of
the coaxial line so that the other terminal of the oapacitor will contact the anode connection of the probe.
A close-fitting metal shield or bushing should be arranged to ground the outer cylinder of the probe to the
outer conductor of the transmission line. This type of
connection is likely to cause some increase in the
standing wave ratio of the line at higher frequencies.
The Model 11042A Probe T Connector is designed to
do this job with SWR or less than 1.1 at 500 Mc (see
Paragraph 1-11).
3-24. EFFECT OF PARASITIC
ON VOLTAGE
READINGS . At frequencies above 500 megacycles,
leads or portions of circuits often resonate at frequencies two, three, or four times the fundamental
Of the voltage being measured. These harmonics may
cause serious errors in the meter reading. Owning to
the resonant rise in the probe circuit at frequencies
above 1000 megacycles, the meter may be more sensitive to the harmonics than to the fundamental. To
make dependable measurements at these frequencies,
the circuits being measured must be free of ail parasitics.
3-25. EFFECT OF DC PRESENT WITH AC SIGNAL.
When measuring an AC signal at a point where there
is a high DC potential, such as at the plate of a vacuum
tube, the high DC potential may cause small leakage
current through the blocking capacitor in the tip of the
Model 11036A AC Probe. When the AC signal under
measurement is small, the error introduced into the
reading can bes significant. To avoid leakage, an additional capacitor with a dielectric such as mylar or
polystyrene which has high resistance to leakage is
required. (Use 5 picofarads or higher, and insert the
capacitor between the point of measurement and the
probe tip.)
3-26. PULSE MEASUREMENTS
3-27. POSITIVE PULSES. The Model 11036A AC Probe
is peak-above-average responding and clamps the
positive peak value of the applied voltage. This permits the probe to be used to measure the positivevoltage amplitude of a pulse, provided the reading obtained is multiplied by a factor determined from the
following expression:
t
t
1
is the duration of the positive portion of the
voltage in microseconds.
2
is the duration of the negative portion of the
voltage in microseconds.
K is a factor determined from the expression
Figure 3-6,
and the graph shown as
R o / t1
where R o is the source impedance of the pulse
generator in kilohms, and t l is the duration of
the positive portion of the pulse in microseconds.
3-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section III
Paragraphs 3-28 to 3-34
PRF is the pulse repetition frequency in pulses per
second (pps).
3-28. NEGATIVE PULSES.
3-29. In the case of a 10 microsecond negative pulse
Suppose, for example:
t
t
1
2
=
10 microseconds
=
990 microseconds
(t t2) and a pulse repetition frequency (PRF) t of 1000 pps,
l would be 990 microseconds. Thus T o/ 1 would be
approximately 0, and from the graph it is seen that
K is approximately 0. The expression would then
reduce to
K = 0.55
PRF = 1000 pps
To find K, assuming
= 2 kilohms and tl=10microt
seconds: R o / l = 2 / 10° = 0.2. Location 0.2 on the
X axis of the graph shown as Figure 3-6, and reading
K where X and Y
axes intersect the unmarked curve. If
t
the ratio of R o / l were greater than 1, multiply the
X
and Y axes by 10, and use the curve marked ”R o /
t
1 and K each X10”.
Solving the expression for the multiplying factor,
3-30. It can be seen that in the case of negative pulses
of short duration much smaller readings will be obtained for an equivalent positive pulse. As a result,
large multiplying factors must be used and unless the
pulse voltage is large, these measurements may be
impractical.
3-31. MEASURING RESISTANCE (Figure 3-7).
3-32. Before making resistance measurements, power
must be removed f rom the circuit to be tested. Also,
make sure capacitors are discharged to eliminate any
residual voltage.
3-33. MEASURING DC NANO-AMPERE CURRENT
(Figure 3-8).
3-34. The Model 410C can be used to measure nanoampere leakage current in transistors and diodes. The
three most sensitive DC voltage measurement ranges
are used to measure DC nano-ampere currents.
.
.
3-4
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Figure 3-2
Model 410C
Figure 3-2. DC Voltage Measurements
01556-2
3-5
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Figure 3-3
Model 410C
Figure 3-3. DC Current Measurements
3-6
01556-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section III
Model 410C
Figure 3-4. AC Voltage Measurements
01556-3
3-7
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Figure 3-5
3-8
Model 410C
Figure 3-5.
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Figure 3-6
Model 410C
Figure 3-6. Graph Used in Calculation of Pulse Voltage Readings
01556-2
3-9
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section III
Figure 3-7
Model 410C
Figure 3-7.
3-10
Resistance Measurements
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section III
Figure 3-8
Figure 3-8.
01556-3
DC Nano-Amoere Current Measurements
3-11
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section IV
Figure 4-1 and 4-2
Figure 4-1. Block Diagram, Model 410C
Figure 4-2. Modulator-Demodulator Mechanical Analogy
4-0
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section IV
Paragraph 4-1 to 4-18
SECTION IV
THEORY OF OPERATION
4-1. OVERALL DESCRIPTION.
4-2. The
modulator
circuit. A
in Figure
Model 410C includes an input network, a
- amplifier- demodulator, and a meter
block diagram of the Model 410C is shown
4-1.
4-3. Signals to be measured are applied through the
appropriate input lead to the input network. AC voltages are detected in the AC probe, and therefore all
signals to the input network are DC. The input network attenuates the DC signal to a level determined
by RANGE and FUNCTION SELECTOR settings. The
attenuated DC voltage is applied to the modulator which
converts the DC to AC for amplification. The amplified AC signal is converted back to DC voltage inthe
demodulator and coupled to cathode follower VIB. The
cathode follower output to the DC AMPLIFIER OUTPUT connector and meter circuit is a DC voltage
proportional to the amplitude of the signal applied to
the input. A portion of the voltage to the meter circuit
is returned to the modulator as feedback. When the
feedback voltage and attenuated DC voltage are nearly
equal, the meter stabilizes.
4-4. CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION.
later input. The network presents an input impedance
of 10 megohms on the three most sensitive ranges and
100 megohms on all other ranges.
4-10. The resistor R1 (located in the DCV probe) in
conjunction with resistors A2R10 through A2R26, provides the 10 megohm input impedance required for the
three most sensitive DCV ranges. Resistors A2R4
and A3R30 are shunted out of the circuit by the RANGE
switch on the three most sensitive DCV ranges.
4-11. When using the eight less sensitive ranges,
A2R4 and A3R30 are placed in series with Rl and
A2R10 through A2R26 to present more than 100 megohm impedance to the input.
4-12. A3R30 is used to calibrate full scale on the
1500 volt range. (See Paragraph 5-35. )
4-13. RESISTANCE MEASUREMENTS. The purpose
of the input network shown in Figure 4-5 is to place
approximately 0. 6 volt DC source in series with a
known (reference) resistance. The resistance to be
measured is ptaced in parallel with the known resistance, which changes the voltage proportionally. The
maximum changes in voltage applied to the modulator
is 15 mv because of attenuation provided by A2R4,
A3R30, and A1R2.
4-5. INPUT NETWORK.
4-6. The input network includes a precision voltage
divider, which by means of the FUNCTION SELECTOR
and RANGE switches, providesa maximum of 15 millivolts at the modulator input regardless of the range
set and signal applied. The ± DCA, ±DCV, OHMS, and
ACV modes of operation are discussed below.
4-7. DC CURRENT MEASUREMENTS: Refer to Figure 4-3, throughout this explanation. The purpose of
the input network is to provide proper attenuation of
currents applied. Currents from 1.5 µa to 150 ma
full scale are applied with input impedance decreasing
from 9K ohms on the 1.5 µa range to approximately
0.3 ohms on the 150 ma range.
4-6. Tbe change in input impedance is varied by using
DC current shunts in conjunction with RANGE switch
A2S2. The DC voltage developed across these shunt
resistors, when applied through the modulator-amplifier-demodulator network to the meter, provide a
deflection on the meter proportional to the DC current
being measured.
4-9. DC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS. R e f e r t o
Figure 4-4 throughout this explanation. The purpose
of the input network is to accurately attenuate the input signal to a maximum of 15 millivolts at the modu01556-2
4-14. A DC current of approximately 60 ma is
supplied at the junction of A2R22 and A2R23 through
A7R10, R2, A2R2 and A2R1 to the input network. The
OHMS ADJ., R3, sets the meter for full scale
Resistor A2R1 is shorted out in the XIM position of
the RANGE switch; resistors A2R1 and A2R2 are
shorted out in the X10M range. The resistors A2R2
and/or A2R1 are electrically removed from the circuit to increase the voltage at the junction of A2R22
and A2R23. This is done to compensate for tbe loading of the attenuator (A2R4, A3R30, and A1R2) on
these ranges.
4-15. AC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS. Refer to
Figure 4-6 throughout this explanation. Voltage at
the AC probe is converted to DC and applied to the input network. The input signal is attenuated to produce
a maximum of about 15 millivolts at the modulator input . AC zero adjustment of meter pointer is made
with the AC ‘ZERO control.
4-16. MODULATOR-DEMODULATOR.
4-17. Refer to the Amplifier Schematic, Figure 5-10 ,
Figure
and to the Mechanical Analogy Schematic,
4-2 throughout this explanation.
4-18. The input network applies approximately 15
millivolts DC, for full scale meter deflection (positive or negative, depending on the polarity of the
4-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section IV
Paragraphs 4-19 to 4-31
voltage or current being measured) to the neon-photoconductor chopper. Also applied to the opposite side
of the chopper is the amplifier feedback voltage, which
is of the same polarity and approximately 5 microvolts lower in amplitude than the input voltage. The
modulator-chopper consists of two photoconductors,
A4V1 and A4V2, which are alternately illuminated by
two neon lamps, A4DS1 and A4DS2, respectively. The
neon lamps are part of a relaxation oscillator, whose
frequency is controlled by A3R5. The oscillator frequency is nominally set to 100 cps for operation from
60 cps power line, or to 85 cps for 50 cps line. This
frequency is selected so that it is not harmonically
related to the power line frequency, precluding possible beat indications on the meter.
4-19. As the photoconductors are alternately illuminated by the neona, their respective resistances are
low (conductive ) when illuminated and high (non-conductive) when darkened. Therefore the input voltage
and feedback voltage are alternately applied to the
input amplifier. The amplitude of the resultant signal
to the amplifier is the voltage difference between the
input and feedback voltages.
4-20. The chopped DC signal is amplified by a three
stage RC amplifier, consisting of A3V1A, A3Q1 and
A3Q2. The amplified signal to the input of the demodulator-chopper is 180° out of phase with the output of the modulator-chopper.
4-21. The demodulator - chopper consists of two
photoconductors, A4V3 and A4V4, which are alternately
illuminated by neon tamps A4DS1 and A4DS2, respectively. Approximately 150 millivolts square-wave is
applied to the demodulator from the amplifier. Since
the same neon lamps illuminate both the modulator
and demodulator photoconductors, operation of the two
chopper is synchronous. Therefore, when A4V1 is
sampling the input voltage, A4V3 is clamping the
amplified and inverted difference voltage to ground.
Alternately, when A4V2 is sampling the feedback voltage, A4V4 is charging capacitors A3C13 and A3C14
to the peak value of the square-wave. These capacitors maintain this charge so long as the input voltage
remains constant by virtue of having no discharge
path and because they are being repetitively recharged
by the demodulator.
4-22. Therefore, a DC potential, proportional to the
difference between the input and feedback voltages, is
applied to the grid of the cathode follower and subsequently to meter circuit and DC AMPLIFIER OUTPUT
connector. A portion of the meter circuit voltage is
fed back to the modulator. The meter stabilizes when
the feedback voltage and input voltages are nearly
equal.
4-23. THE FEEDBACK NETWORK.
4-24. The feedback network drives the meter and
determines the DC gain of the amplifier. The feedback is varied depending on the position of the FUNCTION and RANGE selectors. The different feedback
configurations are discussed below.
4-2
4-25.
FEEDBACK NETWORK FOR ±DCA. OHMS,
AND ±DCV. Figures 4-3, 4-4 and 4-5 show the feedback configuration for ail positions of the FUNCTION
SELECTOR except ACV. The meter is electrically
inverted for ±DCV and ±DCA modes of operation. The
DC OUTPUT ADJ., A6R20 sets the output voltage. The
DC pot, A6R18 determines the amount of feedback to
the modulator. The resistor A2R30 is in the circuit
in the ± .015 DCV and ±1.5 µa modes of operation, to
decrease feedback and thus increase amplifier gain to
compensate for the decrease in input signal to the
modulator on these ranges.
4-26. FEEDBACK CIRCUIT FORAC VOLTAGE MEASUREMENTS: Figure 4-6 shows the feedback configuration for the ACV position of the FUNCTION SELECTOR switch, A2S2. The resistors that are placed
in the circuit by the RANGE switch program the amplifier gain to compensate for the non-linear response
of the AC probe. A6R16 and A6CR1 compensate the
non-linear response of the AC probe to the linear
calibration of the upper meter scale on the 5 volt
range.
4-27. POWER SUPPLY.
4-28. PRIMARY POWER. Either 115 or 230 volt ac
power is connected through fuse R1 (0.25 amp slo-blo)
and switch S3 to the primary of power transformer
T1. Switch S4 connects T1 primaries in parallel for
l15 volt operation of in series for 230 voit operation.
4-29. UNREGULATED AND ZENER REGULATED
POWER SUPPLY. Full wave rectifier CR1 and CR2
produces unregulated +270 volts, which is used to
drive the photochopper neons. Unregulated +175 volts
and +140 volts are tapped off and are used to provide
B+ to the plates of A4V1B and A4V1A, respectively.
Zener regulators A7CR6 and CR7 provide regulated
+38 volts and -9 volts to bias A3Ql and A3Q2. Filtering
of the outputs is provided by the RC network consisting
of A7R1 through A7R3 and C5A through C5D.
4-30. SERIES REGULATED POWER SUPPLY. The
output of the full wave rectifier CR3 and CR4 is regulatedbytransistor Ql, which is connected in series
with the output. Zener diode A7CR8 provides reference
voltage to the base of Q1. Regulated +6 volts is supplied
to the filaments of A3VlA/B and the AC Probe diode
A6V1. +0.6 volts is provided through A7R10 to R3,
the OHMS ADJ, control. Filtering of the outputs is
provided by C6A and C6B.
4-31. STANDBY FILAMENT SUPPLY. The filament
tap (Tl, Pins 1 and 2) provides 6.0 volts actothe
filament of the AC probe diode, A8V1, so that the
filament remains warm when the Modei 410C is being
used in modes of operation other than ACV. W h e n
FUNCTION selector A1S1 is switched to ACV, 6.0
volts AC is removed from the filament and 6 volts DC
is applied. Therefore, the ACV mode is ready for
imrnediate use, without waiting for the filament to
warm up.
01556-2
Model 410C
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section IV
Figure 4-3
Figure 4-3.
4-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section IV
Figure 4-4
4-4
Model 410C
Figure 4-4.
01556-2
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section IV
Figure 4-5
Figure 4-5.
4-5
TM 11-6625-1614-15
-
6
Section IV
Figure 4-6
4
Model 410C
Figure 4-6.
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section V
Table 5-1
Table 5-1.
Instrument Type
Recommended Test Equipment
Required Characteristics
Recommended Model
Use
Voltmeter Calibrator
Range: .015 to 300 v
Frequency: DC and 400 cps
Accuracy: +0. 370 AC
*O. 2%0 DC
AC and DC Accuracy
Checks and Calibration
Adjustments
@ Model 738BR Voltmeter Calibrator
DC Power Supp Iy
Range: O to 10 v continuous
DC Ammeter Accuracy
Checks
@Model 723A DC Power
supply
DC Voltmeter
Range: 10 v
Accuracy: +0. 2%
Accumcy Checks; Power
Supply Measurements;
Troubleshooting
@ Model 3440A/3442A
Digital Voltmeter
Frequency Response
Test Set
Frequency: 20 cps to 10 Mc
with external oscillator
Output: 2 v into 50 ohms
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 739AR Frequency Response Test
Set
Oscillator
Frequency: 20 cps to 10 Mc
output : 2.0 v
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 651A
Oscillator
RF Signal Generator
Frequency: 10 Mc to 480 Mc
output: 1.0 v
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 608C RFSigmal
Generator
Power Meter
Frequency: 10Mc to700 Mc
Range: 1.0 v
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 431B Power
Meter
VHF Signal Generator
Frequency: 480 Mc to 700Mc
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 612A VHF
Signal Generator
AC Voltmeter
Range: 115 V
Power Supply Measurements (ripple)
@
Electronic Counter
Frequency Range: to at
least 102 cps
Chopper Frequency Adjust
@ Model 521C Electronic
Counter
DC Standard
output: 1000 v
Accuracy: +0. 2%
DC Adjust
@ Model 740A DC
Standard
Ohmmeter
Range: 100 Mf2
Accuracy: +5%
Troubleshooting
@ Model
Thermistor Mount
Frequency: 10 Mc to 700Mc
Impedance: 50 ohm match
Frequency Response Test
@? Model 478A Coaxial
Thermistor Mount
Pr~be-T-Connector
For use with 50 ohm transmission line
Frequency Response Test
@ Model 11042A ProbeT-Connector
10 KC Filter
High pass fi 1 ter capable of
10 kc re]ection
Frequency Response Test
@ Model K02-411A
10 KC Filter
Connector Adapter
Male BNC to male BNC
Frequency Response Test
@ Part No.
Type N male to BNC female
Frequency Response Test
@ Part No. 1250-0067
10 M!l
5 MQ
4,5Mfl
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
*1%
+1%
+1%
Performance Checks
Performance Checks
Performance Checks
& Part No. 0730-0168
@ Part No. 0730-0125
@ Part No. 0730 -015’7
500 K
56 K
10 K
9K
1.5K
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
Accuracy:
+1%
*1%
+1%
Performance
Performance
Performance
Performance
Performance
@
@
@
@
@
56 ohms
10 ohms
Accuracy:
+1%
Performance Checks
Accuracy:
*170
Performance Checks
Connector Adapter
I
i
Test
Model 3400A RMS
Voltmeter
412A
DC VTVM
1250-0216
Resistors:
5-0
*I?o
*1%
Checks
Checks
Checks
Checks
Checks
Part
Part
Part
Part
Part
No. 0721-0011
No. 0730-0053
No. 0727-0157
No. 0730-0026
No. 0730 -001’7
@ Part No. 0811-0341
@ Part No. 0727-0335
01556-2
.
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Paragraphs 5-1 to 5-11
Model 410C
SECTION V
MAINTENANCE
5-1. INTRODUCTION.
5-9. Mechanical METER ZERO.
5-2. This section contains maintenance procedures
for the Model 410C Electronic Voltmeter.
a. Turn instrument on.
minute warm-up period.
Allow at least a 20
5-3. TEST EQUIPMENT REQUIRED.
5-4. The test equipment required to maintain and
adjust the Model 410C is listed in Table 5-1. Equipment having similar characteristics may be substituted for items listed.
5-5. PERFORMANCE CHECKS.
5-6. The performance checks presented in this
section are front panel operations designed to compare the Model 410C with it’s published specifications.
These operations may be incorporated in periodic
maintenance, post repair and incoming quality control
checks. These operations should be conducted before
any attempt is made at instrument calibration or
adjustment. During performance checks, periodically
vary the line voltage to the Model 410C, ± 10% on either
115v or 230 v operation. A 1/2 hour warm-up period
should be allowed before these tests are conducted.
5-7. ALTERNATE VOLTAGE SOURCE.
5-6. Should it be necessary to use the Model 738AR
Voltmeter Calibrator to conduct these Performance
Checks, the arrangement described in Figure 5-1 will
provide the necessary voltage values required. However; the Model 738BR Voltmeter Calibrator is the
preferred instrument for these operations.
b. Turn voltmeter off, and allow 30 seconds for
all capacitors to discharge.
c. Rotate mechanical zero-adjustment screw on
front panel clockwise until pointer reaches zero,
moving up scale.
d. If for some reason the pointer should overshoot zero, repeat step c until desired results
are obtained.
e. When pointer has been positioned at zero,
rotate zero-adjust screw slightly counterclockwise to free it. If meter pointer moves to the
left during this action, repeat steps c and e.
5-10. DC VOLTMETER OPERATION.
5-11. ACCURACY CHECK (DCV).
a. Set the Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR
to the +DCV position; RANGE switch to. 015 V .
Connect Model 410C DCV and COM cables to the
Model 738BR) output
Voltmeter Calibrator
terminals.
Figure 5-1. Alternate Voltage Source
01556-2
5-1
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Paragraphs 5-12 to 5-15
Table 5-2
Model 410C
Table 5-2. DCV Accuracy Test
Voltmeter Calibrator
Model 738B
Settings
Model 410C
Range Settings
Range
Model 410C
Meter Readings
Voltage
.015V
1. 5-5
.015
.01.47 to .0153 V
.05V
1. 5-5
.05
.049 to .051 V
.15V
1. 5-5
.15
.147 to .153 V
.5V
1. 5-5
.5
.49 to .51 V
1.5V
1. 5-5
1.5
1.47 to l.53 V
5V
1. 5-5
5
4.9 to 5.l V
15 V
1. 5-5
15
14.7 to 15.3 V
50 V
1. 5-5
50
49 to 51 V
150V
1.5-5
150
147 to 153 V
500 V
1-3
300
290 to 310 V
1500
1-3
300
270 to 330 V
b. Adjust Voltmeter Calibrator to provide a
+.015 v dc voltage.
5-14. ACCURACY CHECK (DCA).
a. Figure 5-2 describes the test arrangement
following
required for this operation. The
additional equipment will also be required:
c. Model 410C should read between 0. 0147 and
0.0153 v.
DC Power Supply
d. Readjust Model 410C and Voltmeter Calibrator (,) settings listed in Table 5-2. Note
Model 410C meter readings. If Model 410C fails
to meet pecifications, refer to Paragraph, 5-30
and 5−32 for proper adjustment procedure.
5-12
INPUT RESISTANCE CHECK (DCV).
DC Voltmeter
Model 723A)
Model 3440A/3442A)
10 K, 1%, 1 w resistor
56 K, 1%, 1 w resistor
Part No. 0727-0157)
Part No. 0730-0053)
10 , 1%, 1 w resistor
Part No. 0727-0335)
56
, 1%, 1/2 w resistor
Part No. 0811-0341)
a. Connect an external resistor, Rx, of lO M
ohms ±1% ( Part No. 0370-0168) in series
between the voltmeter calibrator and the DCV
cable of the Model 410C.
b. Connect the Model 410C as shown in Figure
5-2; FUNCTION SELECTOR to +DCA; RANGE
to 150 MA.
b. Set Model 410C FUNCTION selector to +DCV;
RANGE to .015 V.
c. Use 56 ohm resistor for R1 and 10 ohm
resistor for R2.
c. Adjust voltmeter calibrator for +.015v DC
output.
d. Adjust dc power supply to obtain 1.4v reading
on system voltmeter.
d. Model 410C should read .0075 v, verifying
R in of 10 M ohms.
e. Model 410C should read between 135.5 and
144.5 ma.
e. Table 5-3 provides settings required to
verify Model 410C R in on RANGES specified.
f. Adjust dc power supply for System voltmeter
readings listed in Table 5-4. Note Model 410C
meter readings.
5-15. INPUT RESISTANCE CHECK (DCA).
a. Figure 5-2 describes the test arrangement
required for this operation. Replace R1 and
R2 with a 10 ohm ±1% resistor
Part No.
0727-0335).
b. Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to
+DCA: RANGE to 150 MA.
5-13.
5-2
Change
1
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Tables 5-3 and 5-4
Figure 5-2
Model 410C
Figure 5-2. DC Ammeter Operation
Table 5-3. DCV Input Resistance Test
Table 5-4. DCA Accuracy Test
01556-2
5-3
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section V
Paragraphs 5-16 to 5-19
Table 5-5
c. Adjust dc power supply to provide system
voltmeter reading of 1.50 v.
e. Model 410C should read
approximately
150 ma. This will verify a R in o f a p p r o x i mately 0.3 ohms, where
R
410C
=E
total
I
-
R
X
I
h. If both of these ranges function properly, it
can be assumed that the remainder will also .
If meter does not function properly, refer to
Paragraph 5-31 for adjustment procedure.
5-17. AMPLIFIER OPERATION.
410C
410C
see
f. Set Model 410C RANGE to 1.5 µa.
paras
Deleted
5-19 and
5-24
g . Replace Rx with a 9 K ohm ±1% resistor
Part No. 0730-0026).
h. Adjust dc power supply to provide system
voltmeter reading of 13.5 mv.
j. Model 410C should read approximately 1.5
µa. This will verify R in of 9 K on 1.5 µa
range.
5-16.
OHMMETER OPERATION.
a. A 10 ohm ±l% resistor
Part No. 07270335) and a 10M resistor
Part No. 07300168) will be required for this test.
b. Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to
OHMS; RANGE to RX10.
c. Set pointer to
using rear panel adjustment (OHMS ADJ) if required.
d. Connect COM and DCA OHMS cables across
10 ohm resistor.
5-19. AMPLIFIER GAIN CHECK.
e. Meter should read 1 (±5%), indicating 10
ohms.
f. Reset Model 410C RANGE to RX10M. Replace 10 ohm resistor with 10 M ohm resistor.
g. Meter should read 1 (+5%), indicating 10 M
ohms.
a. Connect Voltmeter C a l i b r a t o r
Model
COM
738BR) output to Model 410C DCV and
cables.
3440A/
b. Connect DC Voltmeter
Model
3442A) to DC AMPLIFIER OUTPUT on rear
panel of Model 410C. Set DC Voltmeter RANGE
to 10 v.
Table 5-5. DC Voltage Output Test
Deleted
5-4
Change 1
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Parsgraphs 5-20 to 5-23
Figure 5-3
Model 410C
.
Figure 5-3.
High Frequency Response Test
c. Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to
+DCV ; RANGE to .015 V.
c. Record voltage indicated on external dc
voltmeter for use as a reference.
d. Adjust voltmeter calibrator for +. 015 VDC
output.
d. Connect a 1.5 k ohm ±1% resistor
Part
No. 0730-0017) across Model 410C DC AMPLI FIER OUTPUT terminals. DC voltage recorded
in step c above should not change more than
3 mv, indicating that dc amplifier output impedance is within the 3 ohm specification at dc.
e. The dc voltmeter should read +1.5 v. This
will vertfy a gain of 100, when the gain /A/
equals E DC out/E 410C.
5-22. AC VOLTMETER OPERATION.
5-20. AMPLIFTER NOfSE CHECK.
5-23. 11036A
a. Leave the dc voltmeter connected to the DC
AMPLIFIER OUTPUT as in Paragraph 5-19.
b. Set the Model 410C RANGE to 1500 V;
FUNCTION SELECTOR to +DCV.
c. Short the Model 410C DCV and COM cables.
reading
Note dc voltmeter readings. This
should be less than 7.5 millivolts .
d. Reset Model 410C RANGE to 1.5 V. DC
Voltmeter should read less than 7.5 mv.
5-21.
DC AMPLIFTER OUTPUT
IMPEDANCE
CHECK.
a. Connect an external DC Voltmeter
Model
3440A/3442A) to Model 410C DC AMPLIFIER
OUTPUT terminals on rear panel.
b. Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to
OHMS position.
01556-2
AC PROBE ACCURACY CHECK.
a. Figure 5-3 describes the test arrangement
required for this operation. Do not
place
Model 410C AC Probe in T-Connector at this
point.
b. Adjust signal generator for a 0.7 volt (rms)
output at 1000 cps.
c. Connect Model 11036A AC Probe to signal
generator and read output on Model 410C Voltmeter (meter should read 0.7 volts).
d. Remove probe tip from Model 11036A and
connect the ac probe as shown in Figure 5-4.
e. Turn signal generator to 50 Mc and adjust
signal generator for a power reading of 9.8
dbm (0.7 volts) on the power meter.
f. The difference between reading on Model
410C meter and 0.7 volt reference is the ac
probe error at that frequency.
g. Repeat steps f and g every 100 Mc from 50
to 700 Mc.
5-5
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Parsgraphs 5-24 to 5-25
Figure 5-4, Table 5-6
Model 410C
Figure 5-4.
Low Frequency Response Test
AC VOLTMETER ACCURACY CHECK.
a. A Voltmeter Calibrator
Model 738BR)
will be required for this operation.
b. Adjust voltmeter calibrator for 400 cpsrms output.
c. Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to
ACV; RANGE to 500 V.
d. Adjust the voltmeter calibrator to settings
listed in Table 5-6. Model 410C should indicate
readings within limits specified. If not, refer
5-25.
AC VOLTMETER FREQUENCY RESPONSE
CHECK.
a. A Frequency Response Test Set
Model
739AR), a Test Oscillator
Model 651A), an
RF Signal Generator
Model 608 C), a Power
Meter
Model 431 B), a Thermistor Mount
Model 478A), a Probe - T - Connector
Model 11042A), a VHF Signal Generator
Model 612A) and a 10 KC Filter
Model K02411A) will be required for this operation. Figure 5-3 and 5-4 describe the arrangement to be
Table 5-6. AC Accuracy Test
5-6
Change 1
01556-2
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
b . Connect the Model 410C as shown in Figure 5-4. Set Model
410C FUNCTION SELECTOR toACV; RANGE to 1.5 V.
c . Set frequency response test set to EXTERNAL.
d . Adjust test oscillator output AMPLITUDE to provide Model
410C reading of 1.4 V; FREQUENCY to 400 cps.
e . Set frequency response test set METER SET to convenient
SET LEVEL.
f . Vary test oscillator frequency from 20 cps to 10 Mc. Model
410C should read between 1.25 and 1.55 v at all frequencies.
When checking the frequency response from 20 cps to 50 cps,
disconnect the 11042A from the test set up in figure 5-4. Replace
the probe tip on the Model 11036A and connect directly through a
50-ohm load to the output of the Frequency Response Test Set.
Connect the output of the Test Oscillator directly to the input
of the Frequency Response Test Set.
the
entire
g . If
Observe step g throughout
operation.
frequency
response
test
set
deflection
varies
from
preset
SET LEVEL, adjust test oscillator output amplitude to return
pointer
to
original
position.
h . To check Model 410C frequency response from 10 Mc to 480 Mc,
use arrangement described in Figure 5-3.
i . Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to ACV; RANGE to .5 V.
j . Adjust RF signal generator to provide Model 410C reading
of 0.45 V at 10 Mc.
Note power meter reading; mark for future
reference.
5 - 7
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
k. Vary RF signal generator frequency from 10 Mc to 480 Mc.
Model 410C should read between 0.40 to 0.50 v at all frequencies.
l . If power meter pointer varies from reference determined in
step j above, readjust RF signal generator OUTPUT LEVEL to return
pointer to reference deflection.
m . To check Model 410C frequency response from 480 Mc to 700
Mc, replace RF signal generator with VHF Signal Generator (H-P
Model 612A) and repeat steps i through m
above. Model 410C
should not vary more than ±10% from reference.
5-26. ADJUSTMENT AND CALIBRATION PROCEDURE.
5-27. The following is a complete adjustment and calibration
procedurE for the Model 410C.
These operations should be conducted
only
established
if
it
has
previously
been
by
Performance
Checks,
Paragraph 5-5, that the Model 410C is out of adjustment.
Indiscriminate
settings
may
adjustment
actually
of
cause
the
more
internal
controls
difficulty.
to
“refine”
If the procedures
outlined do not rectify any discrepancy that may exist, and all
connections and settings have been rechecked, refer to Paragraph
5-36,
Troubleshooting,
for
possible
cause
and
recommended
corrective
action.
5-28. CHOPPER FREQUENCY ADJUST.
a. A Voltmeter Calibrator (H-P Model 738BR) and an Electronic
Counter (H-P Model 52lC) and an AC Voltmeter (H-P Model 3400A)
will be required.
5-8
TM 11-6625-1614-15
b. U s e a c v o l t m e t e r t o v e r i f y M o d e l 4 1 0 C l i n e
voltage of 115 v. Chopper frequency will vary with
f.
Observe
counter,
and
adjust
A3R5
for
a
chop-
per frequency of 100 cps ( ±2 cps).
line voltage variations.
5-29.
c.
Connect
410C,
electronic
counter,
Supply
Adjustment
a. R e f e r t o T a b l e 5 - 7 f o r P o w e r S u p p l y c h e c k
voltmeter as ahown in Figure 5-6.1.
d. Set M o d e l 4 1 0 C F U N C T I O N
+DCV; RANGE to 1.5 V.
Power
and
SELECTOR
to
e. Adjust voltmeter calibrator to supply + 5 V dc
to the Model 410C (DCV and COM cables).
points and typical voltage values. Measure dc
voltages between common and designated location
on Al.
b. S e t M o d e l 4 1 0 C F U N C T I O N t o A C V . S h o r t
ACV and COM cable.
Table 5-7, Power Supply Test
voltage
Location on A7
+ 175 v
+38V
+6V
–9.1 V
Wht/blk and Orange
Junction of CR6 and R4
Cathode of CR8
Anode of CR7
c. Measure + 175 volt ac ripple with ac voltmeter
(H-P Model 3400A). RMS value of ripple should not
exceed 2.5 mv.
5-30.
DC
Zero
Adjustment
Tolerance
and
Bias
a. S e t M o d e l 4 1 0 C F u n c t i o n S e l e c t o r t o + D C V
and Range Switch to .5 V.
b. S h o r t D C V C a b l e t o C O M C a b l e .
c. Adjust A3R21 fully counterclockwise, and
then rotate about 20° clockwise.
d. A d j u s t Z E R O A D J p o t o n r e a r p a n e l f o r z e r o
meter deflection. Switch to – DCV. If any deflection
is observed, adjust ZERO ADJ pot to return meter
pointer halfway back to zero. Check zero setting on
all ranges for both + DCV and – DCV. Zero offset
should not exceed 1070 in any case.
5-31.
±30V
±8.0 V
±0.6 V
+1.8V
DC
Amplifier
Output
Adjust
a. S e t t h e M o d e l 4 1 0 C F U N C T I O N S E L E C T O R
to ACV; RANGE to 5 V.
b. C o n n e c t a D C V o l t m e t e r ( H - P M o d e l 3 4 4 0 A /
3442A) to the dc amplifier OUTPUT on the Model
410C rear panel. Set dc voltmeter RANGE to 10 v.
c. C o n n e c t M o d e l 4 1 0 C A C P r o b e t o v o l t m e t e r
calibrator output. Adjust voltmeter calibrator to provide a 5 v, 400 cps signal.
d. M o d e l 4 1 0 C s h o u l d r e a d f u l l s c a l e ( 5 v ) . T h e
dc voltmeter should indicate 1.5 V. If it does not, adjust A6R20 for 1.5 v reading.
5-32.
Full
Scale
DC
Adjustment
a. S e t M o d e l 4 1 0 C . F U N C T I O N S E L E C T O R t o
+ DCV; RANGE to .015 V.
Change 1
5-9/(5-10
Blank)
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
b . Adjust DC Standard (H-P Model 740A) to apply .015 to Model
410C .
c . Model 410C should read full scale.
If not, adjust A6R18
for proper pointer deflection.
d . Reset Model 410C RANGE to 1500 v. Adjust dc standard for
1000 v output.
e . Adjust A3R30 for Model 410C reading of 985 v (1% low).
f . If an error greater than ±2% of full scale exists on any
range between 0.5 v and 1500 v Inclusive, select new setting for
A3R30
to
yield
best
results
over
these
ranges.
If
error
greater
than ±2% of full scale still exists on any of the above ranges,
readjust A6R18 to reduce error.
g . If error greater than ±2% of full scale exists on any
range between 15 mv and 150 mv inclusive, select new setting for
A6R18 to yield best results on these ranges.
If
error
greater
than ±2% of full scale still exists on any of the above ranges,
readjust A3R30 to reduce error.
h . If error greater than ±2% of full scale exists on both 15
mv to 150 mv and 0.5 v to 1500 v ranges, s t a r t
A6R18 to correct 15 mv and 150 mv range.
by
readjusting
Once they are within
specification, proceed to readjust A3R30 to correct 0.5 v to
1500 v range error.
5-33. OHMS ADJUST (R3).
a . Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to ORMS; RANGE to RX10M.
5-11
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
b . Short OHMS and COM cables. Model 410C should read zero.
c . Vary Model 410C RANGE switch through remainder of OHMS
settings.
should
Meter should read zero, except at RX10 when meter
read
about
0.1
ohm
(resistance
of
leads).
d . Disconnect OHMS and COM cables. Model 410C meter should
read
.
Checks
If not, set OHMS ADJ (rear panel) for
reading.
reading on all OHMS RANGE settings.
5-34. AC ZERO ADJUST.
a . Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to ACV; RANGE to .5 V.
b . Set AC ZERO vernier on front panel to center of rotation.
c . Short Model 410C ac Probe and ac probe common (short lead).
Adjust
d.
R1
for
Model
410C
zero
deflection.
5-35. AC FULL SCALE ADJUST (.5 V RANGE).
a . Connect Model 410C ac probe to voltmeter calibrator output
terminals.
Set Model 410C FUNCTION SELECTOR to ACV; RANGE to
500 v.
b . Adjust voltmeter calibrator to provide 300 v, 400 cps - rms
output .
for
Model 410C should read 300 v (±3%). If not, adjust A6R14
proper
reading.
c . Continue test for remainder of Model 410C ac ranges using
settings provided in Table 5-8.
5-36. TROUBLESHOOTING PROCEDURE.
5-37. This section contains procedures designed to assist in the
isolation
systematic
5-12
of
malfunctions.
analysis
of
the
These procedures are based on a
Table 5-8.
Model
410C
TM 11-6625-1614-15
5-13
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
instrument circuitry in an effort to localize the problem. These operations should be undertaken only
after it has been established that the difficulty can not
be eliminated by the Adjustment and Calibration Procedures, Paragraph 5-26. An investigation should
also be made to insure that the trouble is not a result
of conditions external to the Model 410C.
5-38. Conduct a visual check of the Model 410C for
possible burned or loose components, loose connecmight
tions, or any other obvious conditions which
suggest a source of trouble.
5-39. Table 5-9 contains a summary of the frontpanel symptoms that may be encountered. It should
beueed in initial efforts to select a starting point for
troubleshooting operations.
5-40. Table 5-10, in conjunction with Figure 5-5,
contains procedures which may be used as a guide in
isolating malfunctions. The steps in Table 5-10 describe the normal conditions which should be encountered during the checks ( circled numbers
in
Figure 5-5.
Section V
Paragraphs 5-38 to 5-46
Figure 5-5
5-41. The checks outlined in Table 5-10 are not designed to measure all circuit parameters, rather only
to localize the malfunction. .Therefore, it is quite
possible that additional measurements will be required
to completely isolate the problem. Amplifier gain may
also vary slightly between instruments; therefore it
should not be necessary to precisely duplicate waveforms or values described.
5-42. Voltage values indicated in Table 5-10 are based
on .5 vdc input, with Model 410C RANGE switch set to
.015 v.
5-43. When required, check power supply voltages
as outlined in Paragraph 5-29.
5-44. Refer to Figure 5-9 for typical waveforms
encountered in the Model 410C. Waveforms represent
signals which occur when instrument is operating
during overdriven conditions (.5 vdc input to .015 v
RANGE).
5-45. SERVICING ETCHED CIRCUIT BOARDS.
5-46. The
Figure 5-5. Troubleshooting Tree
01566-2
5-14
Model 410C has three etched circuit
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
paragraphs 5-47 to 5-48
Figure 5-6
boards. Use caution when removing them to avoid
damaging mounted components. The
Part Number
for the assembly is silk screened on the interior of
the circuit board to identify it. Refer to Section VI
for parts replacement and
Part Number information
5-47. The etched circuit boards are a plated-through
type. The electrical connection between sides of the
board is made by a layer of metal plated through the
component holes. When working on these boards,
observe the following general rules.
a. Use a low-heat (25 to 50 watts) small-tip
soldering iron, and a small diameter rosin
core aoider.
b. Circuit components can be removed by
placing the soldering iron on the component
lead on either aide of the board, and pulling up
on lead. If a component is obviously damaged,
clip leads as close to component as possible
and then remove. Excess heat can cause the
circuit and board to separate, or cause damage
to the component.
Model 410C
c. Component lead hole should be
before inserting new lead.
cleaned
d. To replace components, shape new leads and
insert them in holes. Reheat with iron and add
solder as required to insure a good electrical
connection.
e. Clean excess flux from the connection and
adjoining area.
f. To avoid surface contamination of the printed
circuit, clean with weak solution of warm water
and mild detergent after repair. Rinse thoroughly
with clean water. When completely dry,
spray
lightly with Krylon (#1302 or equivalent).
5-48. CHOPPER ASSEMBLY INSTALLATION.
a. Figure 5-6 describes the physical orientation of chopper assembly on printed circuit
board. Note location of chopper assembly serial
number in relation to circuit board pins.
Figure 5-6. A4 Chopper Assembly Installation
01566-2
5-15
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Table 5-9
Model 410C
Table 5-9.
Paragraph 5-34
Table 5-10
01566-2
5-16
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Section V
Table 5-10
Figure 5-7.
Table 5-10.
Paragraph 5-29
Figure 5-7
Figure 5-10
Table 5-9
Figure 5-10
Figure 5-10
Table 5-9
5-17
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Model 410C
Figure 5-11.
Model 11036A AC Probe (Exploded View)
Figure 5-12. Model 11036A AC Probe Schematic
5-22
01556-2
5-16.1
Figure 5-6.1.
TM 11-6626-1614-15
Change 1
TM
11-6625-1614-15
Section V
Figure 5-8
Figure 5-8.
Power Supply Schematic
5-19
TM 11-6625-1614-15
Figure 5-9. Typical Amplifier Waveforms
5-20
By Order of the secretary of the Army:
HAROLD K. JOHNSON,
General, United States Army,
Chief of Staff.
Official:
KENNETH G. WICKHAM,
Major General, United States Army,
The Adjutant General.
Distribution:
Active Army;
USAMB (1)
USACDCEC (.1)
USACDCCEA (1)
USA CDCCEA Ft Huachuca (1)
NG: None.
USAR: None.
For explanation of abbreviations used, see AR 320-50.
Eighth
SAAD
TOAD
LEAD
USA (5)
(5)
(5)
(3)
THE METRIC SYSTEM AND EQUIVALENTS
PIN: 016288-000
Download PDF

advertising