2017 Manual of Motorcycle Sport

2017 Manual of Motorcycle Sport
Motorcycling Australia
MOTORCYCLING
A U S T R A L I A
2017 Manual of
Motorcycle Sport
Published annually since 1928
by Motorcycling Australia
ABN 83 057 830 083
PO Box 134
South Melbourne 3205
Victoria Australia
Tel: 03 9684 0500
Fax: 03 9684 0555
email: mail@ma.org.au
website: www.ma.org.au
This publication is available
electronically from:
www.ma.org.au
Motorcycling Australia is
the Australian affiliate of
the Fèdèration Internationale
de Motocyclisme.
www.fim.ch
ISSN 1833-2609
2017. All material in this book is the copyright of Motorcycling Australia Ltd (MA) and may not be reproduced without prior written permission from the CEO
INTRODUCTION
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
INTRODUCTION TO THE 2017 EDITION
Welcome to Motorcycling Australia’s 2017 Manual of Motorcycle Sport (MoMS), a publication designed to
assist you in your riding or officiating throughout the upcoming calendar year.
The Manual of Motorcycle Sport
The MoMS is the motorcycle racing ‘Bible’ and the development and provision of the rules and information
within this resource is one of the key functions of Motorcycling Australia (MA). While the information is correct
at the time of printing, things can and do change through-out the year. For this reason we urge you to keep
an eye on the MA website, where bulletins and updated versions are posted as necessary (www.ma.org.au).
The PDF version of the manual is optimised for use on all your devices for access to the MoMS anywhere,
anytime. You have the option to utilise the manual offline, with content available chapter by chapter to
download, save and print as required.
As you review this years’ publication of MA’s General Competition Rules, you will notice a number of changes.
There has been additional streamlining between chapters, and the inclusion of an easy to use Appendix for
sound emissions and fuel. This can be found directly after Chapter 22 and makes a review of the requirements
stress-free. This evolution of the MoMS, which will continue to develop into 2018, will make finding the right
information much simpler. The structural changes may mean that a particular rule is not where it used to
be but rest assured it will be there and the updated chapter content lists are now even better at directing
you to where specific rules are located. The example of Supplementary Regulations has also been moved
exclusively online to ensure everyone has access to the most up-to-date versions. This can be found at
www.ma.org.au or contact the MA office for more information.
As a resource for use at events and in all aspects of associated officiating duties, a limited run of printed
hard copy manuals will be distributed to Level 4 Officials. Printed manuals will also be available to purchase,
contact MA for more information. Contact details for the office and for individual staff members at Motorcycling
Australia can be found in the MA Information section of the Manual.
Similar to previous editions of the MoMS, new rules or changes for 2017 will appear in bold and rules that have
been removed from the previous year will appear as strikethrough. Rules which have been deleted will appear
in just one edition as crossed out before deletion and no longer have any current relevance to the GCRs. You
should always read deleted rules in context with new and existing regulations to ensure you understand the
meaning behind the change.
2
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
INTRODUCTION
A Year in Review
I feel most certain that I am not the only one out there scratching my head and wondering - where exactly
did 2016 go? It seems that just yesterday the MA community were welcoming much needed changes to
the organisation as we pushed forward into a new era for the peak body of Australian motorcycle sport.
This push towards a more cohesive and transparent organisation was one challenge that Peter Doyle
stepped up to with gusto in 2016, on his acceptance of the top job here as Chief Executive Officer. After
what many knew to be a turbulent 12 months, the energy and expertise that Peter brings to the role is
clear to everyone. Peter’s motorcycling career spans not less than four decades and from mechanic to
motorsport management his face is a familiar one within the industry.
One discipline that is certainly a familiar face on the National Calender, but hasn’t got the recognition it may
have deserved recently is Speedway. Australian riders had great success over their summer season, and
certainly notable was Matthew “Happy” Gilmore’s outstanding return to the Speedway World Youth Cup in
Europe where he took out the top step of the podium for the second year running.
After a promising first year, Etihad hosted another fantastic display of international Speedway talent in
2016 at the FIM Speedway GP. Australian crowds were overjoyed that our very own Chris Holder took the
win, especially after the devastating news that Series title contender Jason Doyle’s injuries resulted in a
withdrawal from competition only 1 round from the finale.
In National Championship events, Honda star Troy Herfoss was able to withstand the talented Yamaha
riders Glenn Allerton and Wayne Maxwell to secure the title of 2016 ASBK Superbike Champion. However
it was with great pleasure that we also had the opportunity to witness two Australian riders compete at
MotoGP rounds, and 2015 ASBK Superbike winner Mike Jones supported the international Avintia Ducati
team to race at the Grand Prix of Japan, alongside MotoGP regular Jack Miller. Jack Miller wrote himself
into history books 7 rounds earlier at the Dutch TT as the 10th youngest winner of any MotoGP or 500cc
race at 21 years and 187 days old. He now fits in just behind 9th ranked Casey Stoner.
These results were indicative of yet another group of incredibly competitive Australian riders going to
lengths on the FIM International racing circuit, with teams and individuals representing this great country at
the Junior Motocross World Championship, Trials des Nations and the International Six Day Enduro (ISDE)
amongst many others.
For the fourth consecutive time, the Women’s Trophy Team for the ISDE were outstanding in their capacity
to overcome all odds during the event in Spain. Retaining their status as ISDE Champions Tayla Jones was
awarded an individual position on the podium position for the EW Class and this amazing trio should be so
proud of their achievements both overseas and in Australian competition.
A year for the record books, 2016 also saw Toby Price became the first ever Australian to win the Dakar
Rally. An exceptional achievement for only his second year in the competition. The Red Bull KTM rider also
went on to secure his fifth title in the bike category for the Finke Desert Race, and his very first podium in
the car category, coming in second place as he did the incredible and drove as well as rode the 226km
race over 2 days.
Last but not least, MA and the Board would like to acknowledge all of the individuals that give their time
so generously, and in the majority of cases voluntarily, to this sport in order for all of this to happen. The
level of participation is a solid indicator of how these events came together in 2016, and how they will be
managed as the future of this sport. This includes clubs, coaches, volunteers, riders and their families, all
of the officials and of course our State Controlling Bodies.
On behalf of everyone at Motorcycling Australia, Thank You, and I wish you all the best in 2017.
Peter Goddard
Acting President
Motorcycling Australia is proudly supported by
the Australian Sports Commission
3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MA INFORMATION: STAFF, SCB’S.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 5
MA INFORMATION: HISTORY, STRUCTURE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 7
HALL OF FAME .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10
THE GENERAL COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19
1. JURISDICTION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 23
2. ADMINISTRATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 26
3. LICENSING.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 32
4. COMPETITIONS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 38
5. ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMPETITION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 46
6. RECREATIONAL MOTORCYCLE ACTIVITY.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 47
7. OFFENCES, PROTESTS & APPEALS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 49
8. JUDICIAL COMMITTEE GUIDELINES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 56
9. NATIONAL PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE SCHEME .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 57
10. ROAD RACING.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 60
11. HISTORIC ROAD RACING.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 98
12. MOTOCROSS & SUPERCROSS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 112
13. CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 136
14. ENDURO & RELIABILITY TRIALS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 147
15. ATV .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 170
16. SPEEDWAY.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 178
17. DIRT TRACK.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 205
18. TRACK.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 220
19. SUPERMOTO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 236
20. TRIAL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 245
21. MINIKHANA.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 256
22. MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 273
APPENDIX A: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 314
APPENDIX B: FLAGS & SIGNALS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 318
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS AND FUEL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 319
MODEL SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. WWW.MA.ORG.AU
4
MA INFORMATION
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA INFORMATION
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA STAFF
Chief Executive Officer
Sports Director
Finance & Administration Manager
Risk and Compliance Manager
Operations & Events Director
Events Coordinator: Off-Road
Events Coordinator: Road Race
Events Coordinator: Track
Finance Officer
Administration Officer
Rules & Technical Coordinator
Operations Coordinator:
Training & Officials
National Technical Manager
Media & Public Relations Officer
Media & Public Relations Assistant
Broadford Bonanza Coordinator
Australian Teams Officer
ASBK Operations
Postal
Phone: +61 (03) 9684 0500
Web
Peter Doyle
ceo@ma.org.au
sportdirector@ma.org.au
finance@ma.org.au
compliance@ma.org.au
operations@ma.org.au
offroad@ma.org.au
roadrace@ma.org.au
track@ma.org.au
financeofficer@ma.org.au
admin@ma.org.au
rules@ma.org.au
development@ma.org.au
Claire Lawrence
Martin Port
Matthew Falvo
Liz Galazkiewicz
Sam Redfern
Kym Phillips
Margaret Culbertson
Liz Kinderis
Peter Smith
Pip Harrison
Tristen Spragg
Max Rogers
Rachelle Wilkinson
pip@ma.org.au
mediapr@ma.org.au
mediaprassistant@ma.org.au
rachelle@ma.org.au
teams@ma.org.au
Simon Maas
asbkoperations@ma.org.au
PO Box 134, South Melbourne, VIC 3205
Fax: +61 (03) 9684 0555 or +61 (03) 9696 9731
www.ma.org.au
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0506
(03) 9684 0516
(03) 9684 0509
(03) 9684 0514
(03) 9684 0503
(03) 9684 0501
(03) 9684 0513
(03) 9684 0561
(03) 9684 0512
0412 455 878
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0515
(03) 9684 0500
(03) 9684 0500
OFFICE BEARERS
Acting President
Peter Goddard
Patron
The Hon. Tony Street
Auditor
Davidsons Assurance Services
National Director of Coaching
Stephen Gall
Chief Medical Officer
Dr Brent May
COUNCILLORS
New South Wales
Northern Territory Garry Lambert
Queensland Jim Feheely
South Australia Brenton Matters
Tasmania Shane Fraser
Victoria Richard Loft
Western Australia Peter Clark
BOARD OF DIRECTORS
President
John Bolitho Vice President
Peter Goddard Acting President
Steve James
Michael Strano
COMMITTEES
JudicialLegal Members
Heritage and
Museum
Richard Lawson
JudicialMotorcycle Members
Ross Earl
Ralph Freeman
Dale Wyatt
Michael Pettifer
Lindsay Urqhart
Rachelle Wilkinson
Rules and Technical
Peter Doyle
Peter Goddard
Lindsay Granger
Allan Halley
Garry Lambert
Sandra Palmer
5
MA INFORMATION
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
STATE CONTROLLING BODIES
MOTORCYCLING NEW SOUTH WALES
CEO Dave Cooke
President
Address 9 Parkes Street,
Harris Park, NSW 2150
Postal PO Box 9172,
Harris Park, NSW 2150
Phone +61 (02) 9635 9177
Fax +61 (02) 9635 5277
Email mnsw@motorcycling.com.au
Web www.motorcycling.com.au
MOTORCYCLING QUEENSLAND
General Manager Kim Rowcliffe
President Jim Feheely
Address 2/8 Gordon Street
Ipswich, Qld 4305
Postal PO Box 2072
North Ipswich, Qld 4305
Phone +61 (07) 3281 2255
Fax +61 (07) 3812 2742
E-mail info@mqld.org.au
Web www.mqld.org.au
MOTORCYCLING WESTERN AUSTRALIA
Executive Director Rick Gill
President Peter Clark
Postal Address PO Box 475
Maylands, WA 6931
Address Brian Adams House, 25/168
Cnr Guilford Rd & Seventh Ave,
Maylands, WA 6051.
Phone +61 (08) 9371 5333
Fax +61 (08) 9371 5311
Email mail@motorcyclingwa.org.au
Web www.motorcyclingwa.org.au
6
MOTORCYCLING SOUTH AUSTRALIA
General Manager Malcolm Bulley
President Brenton Matters
Address 251 The Parade
Beulah Park, SA 5067
Postal As above
Phone +61 (08) 8332 9000
Fax +61 (08) 8332 9100
Email administration@motorcyclingsa.
org.au
Web www.motorcyclingsa.org.au
MOTORCYCLING VICTORIA
CEO Robert Mestrom (Acting)
President Richard Loft
Address Broadford State Motorcycling
Complex, 260 Strath Creek Road,
Broadford, VIC 3658
Postal PO Box 791, Port Melbourne,
VIC 3207
Phone +61 (03) 5784 2827
Fax
Email info@motorcyclingvic.com.au
Web www.motorcyclingvic.com.au
MOTORCYCLING TASMANIA
Administrator Janene Van Maanenberg
President Shane Fraser
Address
Postal PO Box 268
Port Sorell, Tas 7307
Phone +61 408 065 935
E-mail motorcyclingtas@bigpond.com
Web www.mtas.org.au
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA NORTHERN TERRITORY
Manager Garry Lambert
President Garry Lambert
Address
Postal PO Box 40759 Casuarina NT 0811
Phone +61 417 842 480
Fax
E-mail mant@bigpond.com
Web www.mant.org.au
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MA INFORMATION
A SHORT HISTORY OF MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA
In 1928, the Auto Cycle Council of
Australia (ACCA) was formed to represent
the interests of motorcycle clubs and
State associations at a National level.
The ACCA would eventually become
Motorcycling Australia, the representative
body for motorcycle racing in Australia.
But organised motorcycle sport was
established many years before the ACCA.
Speedway racing was the first form of
motorcycle competition to be organised
as a professional sport. John Hoskins has
been credited with presenting Speedway
to the world, when he conducted the
first meetings at the West Maitland
Showgrounds (NSW) in 1923. His efforts
laid the foundation for future Australian successes in
World Championships.
ACCA held biennial National conferences until 1972,
when they became annual affairs. Delegates from
each State Controlling Body (SCB) participated at
the conferences. These high-level gatherings had the
primary purpose of updating the General Competition
Rules (GCRs) and determining future directions of
the sport.
In 1975, ACCA moved to International recognition
by affiliating with the Fédération Internationale de
Motocyclisme (FIM).
By the 1980s, motorcycle sport was no longer an
amateur business and it was becoming unfeasible
to operate in the traditional way. In 1989, the ACCA
established a permanent office in Melbourne, staffed by
a full-time administrator and assistant. By 1991, a new
full-time National Executive Director was appointed,
replacing the administrator. It was clear that the
organisation had to change with the times and provide
the professionalism demanded by modern sport.
Subsequently, in late 1992, the name Motorcycling
Australia replaced ACCA to reflect a more modern and
progressive image, and to ensure easy identification
with motorcycling sport. A new logo was introduced at
the same time, to match the improved image.
A full-time National Development Officer was appointed
in early 1993, reflecting the growth of the sport and the
organisation’s commitment to support and encourage
that growth. At the 1993 annual conference, there
was an overwhelming vote in favour of change for
the long-term benefit of the sport, including plans for
restructuring the organisation.
The following year, at the Annual conference, the
Council approved a restructuring of the organisation.
National Commissions were established and
Commissioners appointed for each branch of the sport.
Each Commission was responsible for rule changes
and the National development of its discipline. Special
Sub-committees, responsible for the business aspect of
the sport, were also established. In 1998, the Northern
Territory was formally admitted as a member.
At the 2000 Annual conference in Hobart, a new
constitution was adopted which empowered an
independent Board of Directors. Councillors were
reduced to one from each State. In the same year a
Motorsport Manager was appointed to administer
Australian Championships. That role would eventually
become that of Sport and Development Manager,
merging the duties of National Development Officer
and Motorsport Manager into one role. In 2001,
Motorcycling Australia appointed a Media Manager
and in late 2002, a new role of General Manager was
created, replacing that of Operations Manager.
Motorcycling Australia established its own Public
Liability insurance arm- Motorcycling Australia
Insurance Limited (MAIL) in 2003 to free the sport from
the volatility of the public insurance market.
Today, the organisation has in excess of 21,000
competitors, more than 350 affiliated clubs, and over
3000 registered officials.
Motorcycling Australia will continue to serve its
members and the motorcycle sport community, to
ensure the healthy future of motorcycle sport.
7
MA STRUCTURE
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA STRUCTURE
Motorcycling Australia (MA) is the governing body of
motorcycle sport in Australia.
In any sport, it is essential to have rules regulating its
conduct. This is particularly important in the case of
motorcycling, where safety is vital for participants and
spectators.
This book of rules, referred to as the Manual of Motorcycle
Sport (MoMS), the GCRs, the Rule Book, and sometimes
‘The Bible’, forms the basis of a contract between the
regulating bodies of the sport and those who participate
in it, namely licence holders, promoters and clubs.
Our rules must be fair, they must confer on officials a
clearly defined discretion to ensure that they are applied
fairly, and must be observed by all. As the technology of
our sport is constantly changing and developing so must
our rules adapt to change.
MA’s core business
MA’s core business is to develop and apply the rules and
regulations of the sport and represent you, our 25,000
members Australia-wide.
MA operates within the framework of local, State and
Commonwealth Government legislation and regulations
and is affiliated with the international governing body,
Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme (FIM), based
in Geneva, Switzerland.
MA is a Federation with seven voting members,
comprising State Controlling Bodies (SCBs) from all
States and Territories except the ACT. MA’s National
Council is made up of one delegate from each SCB,
usually the SCB President. The Council elects 4 Directors
to the MA Board, which in turn appoints 2 independent
Directors.
MA has a full-time National Office in Melbourne, and
most of the SCBs around Australia will also have a fulltime office in their captical city. All are available to help
keen riders enjoy their sport to the full.
Responsibilities
In addition to electing the Board, the MA National Council
is responsible for policy development and strategic
direction.
The MA Board is responsible for implementing and
reviewing the adopted Strategic Plan, governance and
appointing suitable people to join Commissions and
Committees. The CEO is employed to manage the
organisation. Commissions are mainly disciplinespecific and exist to develop recommendations for the
management of a particular area of the sport. They have
been established across the spectrum of motorcycle
sport, including Road Racing, Motocross & Supercross,
Speedway,Track & Dirt Track, Enduro, Trials, Classic
Motocross, Historic Road Racing, Juniors and Women.
Administration of the sport
Motorcycle sport is administered under the doctrine of
“Relevant Controlling Bodies”. The FIM is responsible
for international competitions, MA for Australian
Championships and series, and the SCBs control
State and club competitions. Although each SCB is
autonomous and incorporated in its own State, both
MA and SCBs have a mutual reliance for the efficient
management of the sport. MA and the SCBs administer
all competitions under common rules and the SCBs have
delegated authority to licence competitions, venues and
control the sport at State/Territory level.
Together with their organisational roles, MA and SCBs
are concerned with the well-being of riders, officials,
venue and track standards, risk management, all
aspects of safety, the administration of safe, free and fair
competition in accordance with the principles of natural
justice and the development of the sport in Australia.
Clubs
Clubs are the smallest, but one of the most important
units of organisation in our sport. They often provide
the face-to-face contact that encourages people to join
motorcycle sport. They have also traditionally provided
a social aspect which makes our sport, in particular one
which attracts people and often keeps them involved for
entire lifetimes.
Competitors
Competitors are the life-blood of Motorcycling Australia.
Without your involvement and enthusiasm, there would
be no sport.
8
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MA STRUCTURE
Volunteers
Competitors, administrators, spectators, sponsors and government authorities are all important elements of the
successful running of a sport. One of the most overlooked groups – volunteers – is of fundamental importance.
Volunteers fulfill the majority of roles and responsibilities in the function of every day motorcycle sport. The many
organisations delivering sport and recreation services and the volunteers that create and sustain these organisations
make a vital contribution to the needs of the community.
Without volunteer support, our sport would not exist. It is also true that the volunteers receive the least recognition or
reward for their time and effort. Competitors enjoy the excitement of competition and the opportunity to win prizes;
sponsors receive increased recognition for their brand or product; and a professional administrator or promoter can
realise a profit.
Volunteers do it for the love of the sport, so we acknowledge the contribution that you make to motorcycle sport in
Australia and greatly appreciate your time and effort given.
MA and the SCBs conduct courses in Officiating and Coaching and have support services to assist volunteer involvement
in motorcycle sport.
We would encourage anyone interested in becoming involved in motorcycle sport to contact a club.
9
MA HALL OF FAME
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S WORLD CHAMPIONS
1936
1938
1951 - 1952
1957
1961
1969
1979 & 1981
1983
1987
1992
1994 - 1998
1995
1996
1997 - 1998
1997
1998
2000 & 2003
2000
2000 - 2001
2001
2001 & 2008
2001
2002
2002
2003 & 2008
2003
2004
2004 - 2005
2004
2005
2006 & 2009
2006 & 2008
2007 & 2011
2009
2009 - 2010
2009
2009 - 2010
2011
2012
2012
2013
2013
10
Jack Findlay
AUSTRALIAN WORLD CHAMPIONS
Lionel Van Praag
Speedway
Bluey Wilkinson
Speedway
Jack Young
Speedway
Keith Campbell
Road Racing (350cc)
Tom Phillis
Road Racing (125cc)
Kel Carruthers
Road Racing (250cc)
Barry Smith
Road Racing (Formula TT)
Steve Baker
Speedway (Under 21)
Wayne Gardner
Road Racing (500cc)
Leigh Adams
Speedway (Under 21)
Michael Doohan
Road Racing (500cc)
Jason Crump
Speedway (Under 21)
Troy Corser
Road racing (Superbikes)
Shane Watts
Enduro (125cc)
Peter Goddard
Road Racing (Endurance)
Ben Grabham
Enduro (250cc)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro (250cc)
Warwick Nowland
Road Racing (Endurance)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro (400cc)
Troy Bayliss
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Andrew Pitt
Road Racing (Supersport)
Heinz Platacis
Road Racing (Endurance)
Warwick Nowland
Road Racing (Endurance)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro (125cc)
Chad Reed
Supercross (250cc)
Chris Vermeulen
Road Racing (Supersport)
Karl Muggeridge
Road Racing (Supersport)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro (E2)
Jason Crump
Speedway
Troy Corser
Road racing (Superbikes)
Jason Crump
Speedway
Troy Bayliss
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Casey Stoner
Road Racing (Moto GP)
Jay Wilson
Junior Motocross (85cc - 150cc)
Darcy Ward
Speedway (Under 21)
Steve Martin
Road Racing (Endurance)
Mick Headland and Paul Waters
Track Racing Sidecar 1000cc
Darrin Treloar and Jesse Headland
Track Racing Sidecar 1000cc
Caleb Grothues
Junior MX (65cc)
Chris Holder
World FIM Speedway Grand Prix
Matthew Phillips
Enduro (Junior)
Daniel Milner
Enduro (E2)
Chad Reed
Chris Holder
Troy Corser
MA HALL OF FAME
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S WORLD CHAMPIONS
2014
2014
2013 - 2014
2015
2015
2015 & 2016
2016
2016
2016
2016
AUSTRALIAN WORLD CHAMPIONS
Toby Price
Enduro (E3)
Jett Lawrence
Junior Motocross (65cc)
Jessica Gardener
Enduro (Womens)
Tayla Jones
ISDE (Enduro EW)
Daniel Sanders
ISDE (Enduro E3)
Matthew Gilmore
Speedway (250cc Youth)
Max Fricke
Speedway (Under 21)
Darrin Treloar and Blake Cox
Track Racing Sidecar 1000cc
Matthew Phillips
Enduro GP
Matthew Phillips
Enduro (E3)
Lionel Van Praag
Bluey Wilkinson
Jack Young
Keith Campbell
Tom Phillis
Kel Carruthers
Barry Smith
Wayne Gardner
Michael Doohan
Stefan Merriman
Andrew Pitt
Troy Bayliss
11
MA HALL OF FAME
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S WORLD CHAMPIONS
1961
1964
1968
1970
1978 - 1979
1983
1986 & 1988
1989
1991 - 1992
1995
1995
1996
2001
2001 - 2003 & 2005
2002
2003
2004
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2005
2006
2006
2007
2007
2007
2007 - 2008
2008
2008
2008
2008
2009
2009
2011
2011
2011
2012
2012
2013 - 2014
2014
2014
2014 - 2015
2015
2015
2015
2016
12
SECOND PLACE WORLD RANKINGS
Tom Phillis
Road Racing (250cc)
Jack Ahearn
Road Racing (500cc)
Jack Findlay
Road Racing (500cc)
Kel Carruthers
Road Racing (250cc and 350cc)
Gregg Hansford
Road Racing (250cc)
Billy Sanders
Speedway
Wayne Gardner
Road Racing (500cc)
Jeff Leisk
Motocross (500cc)
Michael Doohan
Road Racing (500cc)
Daryl Beattie
Road Racing (500cc)
Troy Corser
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Ryan Sullivan
Speedway (under 21)
Chad Reed
Motocross (250cc)
Jason Crump
Speedway
Troy Bayliss
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Warwick Nowland
Road Racing (Endurance)
Broc Parkes
Road Racing (Supersport)
Casey Stoner
Road Racing (250cc)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro E2 (250cc 2T v 450cc 4T)
Jake Stapleton
Enduro (Junior)
Kevin Curtain
Road Racing (Supersport)
Chris Vermeulen
Road Racing (Superbike)
Andrew McFarlane
Motocross MX2 (125cc 2T v 250cc 4T)
Kevin Curtain
Road Racing (Supersport)
Warwick Nowland
Road Racing (Endurance)
Leigh Adams
Speedway
Chad Reed
Supercross
Broc Parkes
Road Racing (Supersport)
Chris Holder
Speedway (under 21)
Jason Crump
Speedway
Troy Corser
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Steve Martin
Road Racing (Endurance)
Casey Stoner
Road Racing (Moto GP)
Tye Simmonds
Junior Motocross (125cc)
Chad Reed
Supercross
Darcy Ward
Speedway (under 21)
Damien Cudlin
Road Racing (World Endurance)
Glenn O’Brien and Aaron Maynard
Track Racing Sidecar 1000cc
Toby Price
Enduro (E3)
Riley Dukes
Junior MX (65cc)
Meghan Rutledge
Motocross (Womens)
Jack Miller
Road Racing (Moto 3)
Caleb Grothues
Junior Motocross (85cc)
Jemma Wilson
ISDE (Enduro EW)
Daniel Milner
ISDE (Enduro E2)
Josh Green
ISDE (Enduro E1)
Matthew Phillips
Enduro (E3)
Tayla Jones
ISDE (Enduro EW)
MA HALL OF FAME
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S WORLD CHAMPIONS
1936
1950
1951
1954
1958
1959
1966
1968
1968 - 1969
1973
1976
1978 - 1979
1980
1990
1990
1991
1991 - 1992
1993
1994
1994
1995
1996 & 2000
1998
1998
2002
2005
2006
2006
2006 - 2007
2007
2007
2008
2009
2010
2010
2011
2012
2013
2013
2014
2015
2015
2015
2015
Damian Cudlin
THIRD PLACE WORLD RANKINGS
Bluey Wilkinson
Speedway
Graham Warren
Speedway
Jack Biggs
Speedway
Ken Kavanagh
Road Racing (500cc)
Aub Lawson
Speedway
Bob Brown
Road Racing (350cc and 500cc)
Jack Findlay
Road Racing (500cc)
Kel Carruthers
Road Racing (350cc)
Barry Smith
Road Racing (50cc)
John Dodds
Road Racing (250cc)
Phil Crump
Speedway
Gregg Hansford
Road Racing (350cc)
Billy Sanders
Speedway
Michael Doohan
Road Racing (500cc)
Todd Wiltshire
Speedway
Jason Lyons
Speedway (under 21)
Rob Phillis
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Daryl Beattie
Road Racing (500cc)
Jason Crump
Speedway (under 21)
Craig Boyce
Speedway
Ryan Sullivan
Speedway (under 21)
Shane Watts
Enduro (250cc)
Troy Corser
Road Racing (Superbikes)
Stefan Merriman
Enduro (Over 175cc)
Ryan Sullivan
Speedway
Leigh Adams
Speedway
Stefan Merriman
Enduro E2
Stefan Merriman
ISDE (Enduro E2)
Damian Cudlin
Road Racing (Endurance
Jason Crump
Speedway
Steve Martin
Road Racing (Endurance)
Josh Brookes
Road Racing (Supersport)
Dylan Long
Junior Motocross (85cc - 1504T)
Wilson Todd
Junior Motocross (65cc)
Jason Crump
Speedway
Grant Bond and Simon Cox
Track Racing (Sidecar 1000cc)
Casey Stoner
Road Racing (MotoGP)
Matthew Phillips
Enduro (E2)
Jemma Wilson
Enduro (Womens)
Tayla Jones
Enduro (Womens)
Jessica Gardiner
Enduro (Womens)
Hunter Lawrence
Junior Motocross (125cc)
Rob Adelberg
Freestyle Motocross
Jessica Gardiner
ISDE (Enduro EW)
Jessica Gardiner
Tye Simmonds
Casey Stoner
13
MA HALL OF FAME
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S WORLD CHAMPIONS
1974
1976
1990
1994
1995
1998
1998
1999
1999
2001
2002
2003
2004
2006
2006
2007
2007
2008
2009
2009
2009
2010
2010
2011
2011
2011
2011
2012
2012
2012
2012
2013
2013
2014
2014
2014
2015
2015
2015
2015
2015
2016
14
AUSTRALIAN TEAMS WORLD RANKINGS
Pairs Speedway
Team Speedway (Phil Crump, Billy Sanders, Phil Hearne, John Boulger)
Pairs Speedway
ISDE Junior Trophy (Stuart Morgan, Shawn Reed, Jamie Cunningham, Shane Watts)
ISDE Junior Trophy (Ian Cunningham, Shane Watts, Shawn Reed Jamie Cunningham)
ISDE World Trophy (Peter Martin, Phil Sargent, Stefan Merriman, Shane Watts, Damian Smith, Ben
Bunda)
ISDE Junior Trophy (Ian Cunningham, Jeremy Gannon, Ben Grabham, Craig Douglas)
Team Speedway (Jason Crump, Leigh Adams, Ryan Sullivan Jason Lyons, Todd Wiltshire)
ISDE World Trophy (Peter Martin, Stuart Morgan, Geoff Ballard, Ben Grabham, Damian Smith, Ian
Cunningham)
Team Speedway (Jason Crump, Leigh Adams, Ryan Sullivan, Todd Wiltshire, Craig Boyce, Jason
Lyons)
Team Speedway (Ryan Sullivan, Todd Wiltshire, Leigh Adams, Jason Crump, Jason Lyons)
Team Speedway
ISDE Junior Trophy (Glenn Kearney, Ben Grabham, Anthony Roberts, Jake Stapleton)
Oceania Motocross (Nathan Brochtrup, Lee Ellis, Josh Strang, Kirk Gibbs, Chris Hollis, Cody
Mackie, Ryan Marmont, Joel Passlow, Harley Quinlan, Tye Simmonds, Todd Waters)
ISDE Junior Team (Christopher Hollis, Joshua Strang, Blake Hore, Darren Lloyd)
Team Speedway (Ryan Sullivan, Rory Schlein, Leigh Adams, Jason Crump, Chris Holder, Dave
Watt)
Oceanic Motocross (Craig Anderson, Troy Carroll, Lee Ellis, Jay Marmont, Jake Moss, Cameron
Tatlor, Danny Anderson, Lewis Stewart, Kristy Gillespie, Ashlea Bates, Adelia Barton, Tye Simmons,
Ross Beaton, Luke Arbon)
ISDE Junior Team (Jarrod Bewley, Geoff Braico, Blake Hore, Andrew Lloyd)
Junior Motocross (Tye Simmonds, Jay Wilson)
Team Speedway (Leigh Adams, Jason Crump, Chris Holder, Davey Watt, Troy Batchelor)
Women’s ISDE Team (Alison Parker, Jacqui Jones, Jemma Wilson)
Oceanic Motocross (Mitchell Evans, Joel Dinsdale, Matt Phillips, Hunter Lawrence, Jack Simpson,
Jason Reed, Jordan Hill, Jayden Archer, Errol Willis, Dylan Dukes, Thomas Henry, Dylan Long,
Jackson Williams, Blake Colleton, Kale Makeham)
Junior Motocross (Wilson Todd, Mitchell Evans, Joel Dinsdale, Scott Mann, Matt Phillips, Errol Willis)
ISDE Womens Team (Allison Parker, Jess Gardiner, Jemma Wilson)
ISDE Men’s Team - E2 Class (Toby Price, Matthew Phillips
MXoN (Chad Read, Brett Metcalf, Matt Moss)
Speedway World Cup (Jason Crump, Darcy Ward, Chris Holder, Davey Watt, Troy Bachelor)
ISDE Womens Trophy Team (Jess Gardiner, Tanya Hearn, Tayla Jones)
ISDE Senior Trophy Team (Toby Price, Matt Phillips, Glenn Kearney, Josh Strang, Daniel Milner,
Chris Hollis)
Speedway World Cup Team (Chris Holder, Davey Watt, Jason Crump, Darcy Ward, Troy Batchelor
Speedway World Cup U21 (Darcy Ward, Sam Masters, Dakota North, Alex Davies, Nick Morris)
ISDE Womens Trophy Team (Jess Gardiner, Tayla Jones, Jemma Wilson)
Speedway World Cup (Darcy Ward, Cameron Woodward, Jason Doyle, Troy Batchelor)
ISDE Womens Trophy Team (Jess Gardiner, Tayla Jones, Jemma Wilson)
ISDE Junior Trophy Team (Daniel Sanders, Tom McCormack, Scott Keegan, Lachlan Stanford)
Speedway World Cup (Darcy Ward, Chris Holder, Jason Doyle, Troy Batchelor)
FIM Junior Motocross World Championship (Hunter Lawrence, Cooper Pozniak, Bailey Malkiewicz,
Rhys Budd, John Bova, Regan Duffy)
ISDE Womens Trophy Team (Jess Gardiner, Tayla Jones, Jemma Wilson)
ISDE World Trophy Team (Joshua Green, Daniel Milner, Matthew Phillips, Beau Ralston, Lachlan
Stanford, Glen Kearny)
ISDE Junior Trophy (Broc Grabham, Tom Mason, Daniel Sanders, Tye Simmonds)
FIM Team Under 21 Speedway (Nick Morris, Jack Holder, Max Fricke, Brady Kurtz)
ISDE Womens Trophy Team (Jess Gardiner, Tayla Jones, Jemma Wilson)
2nd
1st
2nd
2nd
1st
3rd
3rd
1st
3rd
1st
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
3rd
3rd
1st
2nd
1st
2nd
3rd
1st
3rd
3rd
1st
3rd
2nd
3rd
2nd
2nd
2nd
1st
3rd
1st
3rd
3rd
3rd
1st
1st
1st
3rd
1st
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
2016 AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONS
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S 2016 CHAMPIONSHIPS
AUSTRALIAN ROAD RACING CHAMPIONS
Superbike
Troy Herfoss
Moto3
Brain Houghton
Up to 300cc Production
Drew Sells
F1 Sidecar
Jero Joyce and Corey Blackman
Supersport
Troy Guenther
Over 300cc Production
Brandon Demmery
F2 Sidecar
Mick Alton and Chrissie Clancy
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR ROAD RACING CHAMPIONS
85cc 2-stroke
Up to 160cc 4-stroke
Joel Kelso
Ben Bramich
Pro
Andrew McLeish
MX1
Dean Ferris
MXD
Mitchell Evans
SX1
Justin Brayton
AUSTRALIAN SUPERMOTO CHAMPIONS
AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONS
Womens
Jessica Boujos
MX2
Jed Beaton
Womens
Jessica Moore
AUSTRALIAN SUPERCROSS CHAMPIONS
SX2
Jackson Richardson
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONS
50cc
65cc
Division 2
7 - Under 9
Kayden Minear
Kayden Minear
65cc
65cc
9 - Under 11
11 Years
Noah Smerdon
Zachary Watson
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke
9 - Under 12
12 - Under 14
(Standard Wheel)
(Standard Wheel/Big Wheel)
Blake Fox
Meiko Vettik
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke
14 - Under 16
12 - Under 16 Girls
(Standard Wheel/Big Wheel)
(All Wheel)
Bailey Malkiewicz
Tahlia O’Hare
128cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
128cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 - Under 15
15 Years
Mason Semmens
Taj Marshall
100cc to 125cc 2-stroke
100cc to 125cc 2-stroke
13 - Under 15
Under 15
Mason Semmens
Cody Dyce
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 - Under 16 Girls
Tahlia O’Hare
15
2016 AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S 2016 CHAMPIONSHIPS
AUSTRALIAN ATV MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONS
Open
200cc 2-stroke / 250cc 4-stroke
Christopher Bosnakis
Aidan Robinson
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke / 85cc to 125cc 4-stroke
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke / 85cc to 110cc 4-stroke
Josh McQuade
Lachlan Sloan
AUSTRALIAN CLASSIC MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONS
Pre 70 263cc - Over
Pre 75 Up to 125cc
Dean Harraway
Jacob Dank
Pre 75 250cc
Pre 75 263cc - Over
Steven Bowden
Brad van Barrelo
Pre 75 4-stroke (All Powers)
Pre 78 Up to 125cc
Craig Eckert
Matt Dank
Pre 78 263cc
Pre 78 26cc - Over
Jacob Dank
Brad van Barrelo
Pre 78 Super Seniors
Pre 75 125cc
All Powers
50-59 years
Kevin Russell
John Kemp
Pre 75 250cc
Pre 75 263cc - Over
50-59 years
50-59 years
John Kemp
John Kemp
AUSTRALIAN POST CLASSIC MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONS
Pre 85 125cc
Pre 85 250cc
Jaron Shorten
Riley Lee
Pre 85 263cc - Over
Pre 90 125cc
Riley Lee
Jacob Dank
Pre 90 250cc
Evolution 125cc
Nick Bressan
Jacob Dank
Evolution 250cc
Evolution 263cc - Over
Kirk Hutton
Brad van Barrelo
Pre 85 Sidecar
Pre 90 Sidecar
Matthew Moloney and Adrian Carroll
Matthew Moloney and Adrian Carroll
Evolution 125cc
Evolution 250cc
50 - 59 years
50 - 59 years
Russel Ralph
Darren Smart
Pre 90 4-stroke (All Powers)
Alex Middleton
E1
Jack Simpson
E3
Daniel Sanders
Veterans
Bjorn Osborne
Womens
Jemma Wilson
J3
Corey Hammond
Solo Individual
Brady Kurtz
16
AUSTRALIAN OFF-ROAD CHAMPIONS
AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONS
Sidecars
Darrin Treloar and Blake Cox
E2
Tye Simmonds
EJ
Wil Ruprecht
Masters
Peter Schaper
J2
Asden Gramlick
J4
Zak Mitten
Under 21
Jack Holder
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
2016 AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONS
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S 2016 CHAMPIONSHIPS
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONS
125cc Solo Individual
125cc Solo Teams
Matthew Gilmore
Brayden McGuniness and Jack Norman (S. Australia)
Sidecars
Justin Southgate and Terrence Lannigan
AUSTRALIAN DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONS
Under 19
Pro 250
Jarred Brook
Jarred Brook
Pro 450
Pro Open
Luke Richards
Luke Richards
MX Open
Pro Open Womens
Jarred Brook
Keegen Pickering
Sidecar
ATV Pro
David Grainger and Trevor Gaze
Matthew Griffiths
ATV Open
Daniel Craig
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONS
50cc
65cc
Division 2
7 - Under 9
Cater Thompson
Hayden Nelson
65cc
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Standard Wheel)
9 - Under 13
9 - Under 11
Benny Baker
Senna Agius
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Standard Wheel)
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Big Wheel)
11 - Under 13
11 - Under 13
John Lytras
John Lytras
85cc 4-stroke Modified
85cc 4-stroke Modified
7 - Under 10
10 - Under 14
Tom Drane
Jacob Roulstone
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke / 200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 - Under 16
13 - Under 16
Jack Mahaffy
Max Whale
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Jack Hyde
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR TRACK CHAMPIONS
50cc
65cc
Division 2
9 - Under 13
Glenn Nelson
Jhett Calderwood
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Standard Wheel)
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Standard Wheel)
11 - Under 13
11 - Under 13
Rowan Millar
Senna Agius
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Big Wheel)
85cc 2-stroke / 150cc 4-stroke (Big Wheel)
11 - Under 13
13 - Under 16
Rowan Millar
Jedd List
85cc 2-stroke (Modified)
85cc 2-stroke (Modified)
7 - Under 10
10 - Under 14
Jhett Calderwood
Travis Hall
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 - Under 16
13 - Under 16
Mackenzie Child
Billy Van Eerde
17
AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
MOTORCYCLING AUSTRALIA HALL OF FAME
AUSTRALIA’S 2016 CHAMPIONSHIPS
Solo
Kyle Middleton
Post Classic
Mitch Green
Junior Womens
Auora Hartshorn
Junior Open
Dean Collins
Womens
Kristie McKinnon
Veterans
40 - 49
Andrew Atkinson
AUSTRALIAN TRIAL CHAMPIONS
Veterans
60 Plus
Peter Curtis
Classic
Paul Sens
Youth
Bradley Bryant
Junior
Hayden Barwick
Masters
Toby Coleman
Sidecars
Stephen Rees and Melissa Rogers
Veterans
50 - 59
Kerrin Phillips
For a full list of Australian Championship Results head to our website: www.ma.org.au
Mitchell Evans
2016 MXD Champion
18
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
THE GENERAL COMPETITION RULES
THE GENERAL
COMPETITION RULES
RULES AND MAKING
RULE CHANGES
THE PHILOSOPHY AND STRUCTURE OF THE
GENERAL COMPETITION RULES
Rules change from one year to the next, before they
appear in the next edition of the Manual of Motorcycle
Sport.
Ever wondered how this happens?
The guiding philosophy of these rules is that good sense,
cooperation, and fair and reasonable interpretation
of the rules will guide the process of applying these
rules to motorcycle sport. The rules and regulations for
motorcycle sport in Australia should reflect the way that
the sport is conducted. Motorcycling Australia (MA) and
the State Controlling Bodies (SCBs) have been careful
to ensure that there is a process in place that allows
every participant the opportunity to have their say in the
way these rules are written.
We actively seek constructive criticism of these Rules
and encourage participants to work through their
representatives to ensure their relevance.
No set of Rules can anticipate every issue which may
arise in the conduct of a sport, especially one with as
wide a variety of disciplines and competing interests as
exist in motorcycling. The philosophy of these Rules is
that good sense, cooperation and a fair and reasonable
interpretation of Rules should be more important than
“Rule Book Racing”.
In Rule Book Racing, if a situation arises, the answer
is to be found by looking up the book, not by the
exercise of independent judgment. If there’s no answer
in the book, a new rule has to be devised to “plug the
hole”. Rule Book Racing assumes that Controlling
Bodies have little or no interest in working effectively
with competitors, with each other, or with Promoters
to benefit the sport and those who participate in it. It
also assumes that officials have no common sense or
understanding of the sport. None of these ideas is true
or fair.
These rules confer on the Controlling Bodies and
their representatives and officials discretion in the
application and interpretation of the Rules. It is
intended that discretion will be exercised, as stated in
the very first rule in this book to ensure that competition
is safe, free and fair.
Officials are expected to exercise judgment wisely
and fairly, on the understanding that if they do not,
their decisions, other than those made in the heat of
competition, will be subject to review through protest
and appeal. They will be trained and encouraged to
take responsibility for their actions, and to work in a way
which supports the underlying philosophy of the rules.
Feedback on current rules is sent through to the
relevant Commissions, either through one of the
Commissioners themselves, the Commission Chair or
relevant MA staff.
Rules are sometimes altered to make the competition
easier or fairer, sometimes to reflect new technology
or equipment that has become available. Sometimes
rules are altered so that their meaning is made clearer.
Your feedback is encouraged and is always welcome
with regards to the rules.
We would like to know about any ways you think we
can make the sport better for our competitors.
To put forward a suggested rule amendment or rule
inclusion, see the Rule Amendment or Inclusion Form
in this manual or on the MA website.
If the relevant Commission decides to pursue this rule
feedback further, it will open the issue up to the SCBs
and to the general public for comment and discussion.
Depending on the input, the Commission will then either
scrap the proposal or make an official recommendation
with the wording of change put forward through MA
staff.
The suggested rule change is then added onto the
agenda of the following Board meeting by the relevant
MA staff member.
The MA Board will then decide to accept or reject the
proposed rule change.
If rejected, this will be reflected in the Board Minutes,
and Board Report – the later which will become
available for public viewing at the MA Reports section
of the MA website - www.ma.org.au
If accepted, the rule will appear in bold as an amended
rule in the Manual of Motorcycle Sport for the following
year.
Rules which have been deleted from the previous
Manual will appear as crossed out.
19
THE GENERAL COMPETITION RULES
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
IMMEDIATE RULE CHANGES
What happens when rules are required to be changed
with immediate effect?
There are times – especially at the start of the year,
where a rule will need amending or clarification with
immediate impact on the current MoMS. When this
occurs the same process as above will take place,
however, after the Board’s decision, a number of other
things will occur.
Initially, MA staff are informed the appropriate rule has
been amended and a rule bulletin/media release is
created to inform the public of the rule change.
Once created, the bulletin/release gets sent to the
relevant Commission Chair/Commissioners so that
they can review the wording of the release before it
is made public. Changes to the release at this point
can still be made, with Commissioners to suggest
appropriate amendments.
Once approved through the Commission, the bulletin/
release can then be sent to the motorcycling public
via email. This release will also be posted immediately
onto the MA website.
Further to this, a one-page Rule Change Information
Bulletin will be sent out to SCB’s, to on-send to affiliated
clubs. This will be done via a standard Rule Change
template, so that the club can post this information
on their own relevant bulletin boards. The Information
Bulletins will also be posted onto the MA website. An
example of the Rule Change Information Bulletin can
be found on the next page.
Clubs will have the right to respond and give feedback
regarding the rule change via the usual means of
communication – sending written feedback to a
Commission via the relevant MA staff member.
All rule changes, clarifications; news and information
bulletins will be available under the Rules section of the
MA website.
20
Thinking about Rule changes?
If you believe a rule should be changed or
a new rule added, you can have your say
by working through your Club to propose
amendments and/or additions.
Proposals for changes can be sent to your
SCB or direct to MA. The details are at the
front of this book.
The most successful applications are when
the proposer includes the new wording for an
existing rule, where a new rule should sit in
the structure of this book, and must include a
rationale on why the rule should be changed
or added.
It’s YOUR SPORT-
we welcome your input
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
THE GENERAL COMPETITION RULES
STRUCTURE OF MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
This book is divided into 22 chapters.
The first 9 chapters apply to all disciplines of the sport
and the rest to the specific disciplines. There will be a
degree of crossover from the first section to the specific
disciplines and some of the Rules contained in those
first chapters need to be added to or varied according
to the needs of a particular discipline.
We have attempted to make this edition of the book
more user friendly, reinstating an index and reframing
every chapter into as close to a consistent format
as possible. We have also striven to eliminate any
ambiguities and contradictions.
Chapter 1: Jurisdiction
This chapter states the purposes and principles
underlying the Rules. The Rules are to be applied fairly
and according to the principles of natural justice. These
Rules are binding not only on competitors but also on
all Controlling Bodies.
There is a list of definitions which may be useful while
using the rest of the Book.
Chapter 2: Administration
The rest of the chapter identifies the roles,
responsibilities and limits of authority of various key
officials.
Chapter 3: Licensing
The primary purpose of having a licensing regime is to
ensure the safety of competitors.
This may be applied through separating less
experienced competitors from ‘old hands’ and, in the
case of junior competition, to ensure that all riders
obtain the benefits of a structured coaching process.
Licence holders may not compete at a level higher than
their licence allows.
The chapter also sets out the processes by which
competitors can obtain a licence, and the means by
which applicants can appeal against the refusal of a
licence or the imposition of a condition on their licence.
Chapter 4: Competitions
The intent of this long chapter is to codify present
practices throughout the sport.
This very important chapter sets out the authority of
the Controlling Bodies. It identifies and empowers the
people and the instrumentalities through which the
Controlling Bodies exercise their authority.
Much of the chapter is taken up with establishing the
mechanisms for running competitions, and imposing
the conditions under which those competitions can
take place.
MA is a member of the FIM, a federation of the
controlling bodies of motorcycle sport throughout the
world, and MA is a federation of which the SCBs are
members. The significance of this that the FIM would
not exist without the cooperation and involvement of its
members, and the same principle applies to MA.
The chapter also deals with breaches of these Rules,
and the processes to take place in the event that the
Rules are breached.
Chapter 5: Alternative Forms of Competition
SCBs agree to be bound by the decisions of MA as
part of the agreement they entered into with each other
when MA was formed. The SCBs are, in effect, the
owners of MA, and their control over MA is exercised
through the Board.
This chapter is relevant for promoters seeking to
conduct activities outside of mainstream motorcycle
sport such as Sand Drags, Hill Climbs, and other
activities.
The Board has the power under the Articles of
Association of MA to make competition Rules.
Chapter 6: Recreational Motorcycle Activity
The Agreements for Conduct of the Sport set out in
Rule 2.1.2 is important and typifies the philosophy
which underpins these Rules. In providing for the
making of agreements, the Rules clear the way for
resolving differences among Controlling Bodies and
with Promoters, by consultation, discussion and
agreement rather than by disputation and resort to a
strict and legalistic approach.
This chapter seeks to outline the regulation and control
required of recreational motorcycle activity sanctioned
by MA.
21
THE GENERAL COMPETITION RULES
Chapter 7: Offences, Protests and Appeals
The application of fair and natural justice is an inherent
condition of these rules.
Where participants wish to protest against the actions
of an official or another participant, these rules of
natural justice require a mechanism for the fair hearing
of their protests, which is established in this chapter.
The chapter also sets out the jurisdiction and limits of
power of the appellate bodies.
Chapter 8: Judicial Committee Guidelines
This chapter sets out the composition of Judicial
Committees and also provides a commentary on the
process that the Committee undertakes to adjudicate
on the matters brought before them.
Chapter 9: Personal Accident Insurance
The chapter on insurance is a simple summary of the
coverage of MA’s insurance scheme, setting out the
benefits available to participants in the sport. The full
details of the Personal Accident Insurance Scheme are
available in the insurance policy documents.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Chapters 10 to 21: Discipline Specific Chapters
As far as possible, the discipline specific chapters
follow a common format as follows:
Australian Championships
Competition Classes
Competition Rules
Technical Regulations
Chapter 22: Member Protection Policy
This chapter outlines Motorcycling Australia’s member
protection policy and includes relevant information such
as the code of behaviour and complaints procedures in
addition to reporting templates.
Appendices
Additional information on protective clothing, equipment
and helmets, helmet fitting and flags and signals can be
found in the appendices.
For clubs and promoters, model supplementary
regulations are available on the MA website.
1 JURISDICTION
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
1JURISDICTION
1.1DEFINITIONS
1.1.0.1 “ASC”
means Australian
Sports
Commission.
1.1.0.2 “ASC Doping Policy” means the document
bearing that name, or any amendment or
equivalent thereof.
1.1.0.3 “ASADA” means the Australian Sports
Anti-Doping Authority.
1.1.0.4 ”Board” means the Board of Directors of
MA.
1.1.0.5 “Club” means an incorporated or
unincorporated body formed for the
primary purpose of promoting the sport
and being affiliated to an SCB.
1.1.0.6 “Competition” includes any competition,
event, race or race meeting and all
associated practices, tests and qualifying
sessions.
1.1.0.7 “Code” means the Sporting Code of FIM.
1.1.0.8 “Constitution” means the Constitution of
MA.
1.1.0.9 “Consume” in relation to any prohibited
substances includes inject, swallow
or inhale and “Consumption” has a
corresponding meaning.
1.1.0.10 “Council” means the Council of MA.
1.1.0.11 “Disqualify” means to forbid the
disqualified person, body or machine
from taking part in any competition under
these Rules and “Disqualification” has a
corresponding meaning.
1.1.0.12 “Event” means any competition involving
the use of one or more motorcycles.
1.1.0.13 “Exclude” means to forbid the excluded
person, body or machine from taking
further part in, or being recognised as
having taken part in, the competition from
which such person body or machine has
been excluded and “exclusion” has a
corresponding meaning.
1.1.0.14 “FIM” means Fèdèration Internationale de
Motocyclisme.
1.1.0.15 “FMN” means a Federation Member
Nation under the FIM Statutes.
1.1.0.16 “International meeting” means any
competition inscribed as such in the FIM
calendar.
1.1.0.17 “Junior competition” means a competition
1.1.0.18
1.1.0.19
1.1.0.20
1.1.0.21
which only competitors who are under
the age of 16 years may compete and
“Junior competitor” has a corresponding
meaning.
“MA” means Motorcycling Australia.
“MA Series” means a series of
competitions conducted in more than one
State or Territory.
“Meeting” means a meeting at which
one or more motorcycling events are
conducted.
“Motorcycle” means and includes:
a) Solo - a one-track vehicle with two
wheels with the drive through the
rear wheel.
b) Solo two-wheel drive - a one-track
vehicle with two wheels with the
drive through the front and or rear
wheels.
c) Sidecar - a two-track vehicle with
three road wheels, with the drive
through the rear wheel of the vehicle.
d) Cycle car - a three-track vehicle with
three wheels that is driven by either
one or two wheels.
e) Trike - a three-track vehicle with
three wheels that is driven by its rear
wheels.
f) ATV - a two-track vehicle with four
wheels driven by the rear or all
wheels and on which a rider may be
accommodated astride the vehicle
having control of the steering by way
of handlebars operating the front
wheels.
g) UTV/SxS (Utility Terrain Vehicle/
Side by Side) - a two-track vehicle
with four wheels driven by the rear or
all wheels and in which a driver and
passenger may be accommodated
within the vehicle having control of
the steering by way of a steering wheel
operating the front wheels.
1.1.0.22 “OEM” means Original Equipment
Manufacturer.
1.1.0.23 “Prohibited substance” means any
substance prohibited under these Rules.
23
1 JURISDICTION
1.1.0.24 “Promoter” means the holder of a
competition permit.
1.1.0.25 “Race” means any event where speed is
the determining factor in the result.
1.1.0.26 “RCB” means the Relevant Controlling
Body having control of any competition.
1.1.0.27 “Recreational Activity” means authorised
motorcycle activity, which has no
competitive element.
1.1.0.28 “Record” means an event where speed,
distance and time, or any combination of
those factors, determine the result.
1.1.0.29 “Repealed GCRs” means the Competition
Rules of MA in force until the date of
commencement of these Rules.
1.1.0.30 “SCB” means State Controlling Body
being any Member under the Articles.
1.1.0.31 “Senior competition” means a competition
which only competitors who have attained
the age of 16 years may compete and
“Senior competitor” has a corresponding
meaning.
1.1.0.32 “Sports Development Account” means the
sports development account established
under the repealed GCRs and continued
by these Rules.
1.1.0.33 “Sports Development Levy” means the
levy established by these Rules.
1.1.0.34 “SR” means Supplementary Regulations.
1.1.0.35 “Steward” includes a Referee.
1.1.0.36 “Support person“ means in relation to
an entrant, rider, licensee or competitor,
any person who provides support to that
entrant, rider, licensee or competitor
including but not only mechanics, team
assistants, team members, medical staff
and family members and in relation to a
minor rider, licensee or competitor also
includes any parent or guardian of that
minor.
1.1.0.37 “Suspend” means to forbid the suspended
person, body or machine from taking
part in any competition under these
Rules during the period of suspension
and “Suspension” has a corresponding
meaning.
1.1.0.38 “Traditional Enduro” means Enduro of
one or more days of competition over a
natural terrain course of up to 7.5 hours
duration. The course consists of a number
of trail sections between 5km and 35km
24
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
in length with time checks at the end of
each section. Riders enter the trails three
per minute and attempt to maintain a predetermined time allowance on each
section. There are penalties for late
and early check-in at the Time Checks.
There are a number of “Special Tests”
throughout the course.
1.1.0.39 “Venue” means a permanent or temporary
place or facility, which has been approved
by the RCB for the conduct of motorcycle
competition or recreational activity.
1.2
PURPOSE OF RULES
1.2.0.1 The purpose of these Rules is to regulate
and control motorcycle competition.
a) The Rules are to be interpreted with
the intent that competition will be
safe, free and fair and conducted
applying the principles of natural
justice,
b) The Rules are Competition Rules
made under clause 71 of the
Constitution,
c) The Rules, and any determination
made under them and in accordance
with them, bind all Controlling Bodies
and all participants in the sport.
1.2.1
Recognition of Authority of FIM
1.2.1.1 By these Rules, MA acknowledges and
recognises:
a) FIM is the World Controlling Body of
motorcycle competition,
b) It is desirable that there be
consistent standards and Rules of
competition at all levels.
1.3
REPEAL OF CURRENT GCRS
1.3.0.1 The General Competition Rules of MA in
operation at the date of commencement
of these Rules are hereby repealed but
such repeal will not affect the operation
of the repealed GCRs in relation to any
competition conducted thereunder.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
1.4
BY - LAWS
1.4.0.1 MA may make by-laws, which must
be consistent with these Rules, and which
may:
a) Proclaim model Supplementary
Regulations,
b) Prescribe forms and fees as required
under these Rules,
c) Prescribe fines for any breach of
these Rules,
d) Prescribe the requirements for,
and conditions of, insurance under
these Rules,
e) Establish National and State
Championships, titled events, Series,
competitions and meetings and for
such purposes:
i) Define criteria for the eligibility of
licensees,
ii) Define criteria for the eligibility
of machines,
iii) Publish calendars,
iv) Create prizes, trophies and
medallions,
v) Prescribe competition formats,
vi) Prescribe traveling and other
expenses,
vii) Attach any relevant FIM rule or
regulation.
f) Prescribe manuals and procedures
for the performance by any person or
body of any power, duty or function
under these Rules,
g) Provide for the establishment and
operation of training and educational
courses under these Rules,
h) Prescribe the design, function and
operation of apparatus, instruments
and equipment used for timing,
measuring, weighing, counting or
calculating, for the purposes of these
Rules,
i) Prescribe levels of noise,
atmospheric and other
emissions from motorcycles,
j) Prescribe fuel contents and
standards,
k) Prescribe laboratories for fuel
testing,
l) Prescribe track and venue
1 JURISDICTION
conditions, designs and
standards,
m) Prescribe the weights,
measurements and other
dimensions of motorcycles, and
n) Provide for or prescribe such
acts, matters or things as shall
be necessary for the full and
effective operation of these
Rules.
1.4.0.2 Subject to this Rule, an SCB may make
by-laws, which must be consistent with
these Rules, and which may:
a) Proclaim model Supplementary
Regulations,
b) Establish State and Territory
Championships, titled events, series,
competitions and meetings and for
such purposes:
i) Publish calendars,
ii) Create prizes, trophies and
medallions,
iii) Prescribe competition formats,
iv) Prescribe traveling and other
expenses.
c) Provide for the establishment and
operation of training and educational
courses under these Rules,
d) Prescribe noise, atmospheric and
other emissions from motorcycles,
e) Prescribe track and venue
conditions, designs and standards,
f) Provide for or prescribe such
acts, matters or things as shall be
necessary for the full and effective
operation of by-laws.
1.4.0.3 An SCB must, not less than one month
after any by-law has been made by that
SCB, forward a copy thereof to the Board.
1.4.0.4 The Board may amend or revoke any bylaw made under these Rules.
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2 ADMINISTRATION
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
2ADMINISTRATION
2.1
THE CONTROLLING BODIES
2.1.1
Administration of Rules
2.1.1.1 Subject to the provisions of the Code, the
bodies with authority and responsibility for
the administration of Rules regulating the
conduct of competitions and recreational
activity in all disciplines are as follows:
a) FIM - World Championships and FIM
Prize Events as they are defined in
the Code,
b) MA:
i) International meetings, other
than World Championship and
FIM Prize Events,
ii) Australian Championships,
iii) MA Series,
iv) Australian Record attempts,
v) Events which have a course
traversing more than one State,
vi) Support events at World
Championships.
c) SCBs - All other competitions and
recreational activity within the
territorial borders of their State
unless permission has been
granted by the SCB within the
territory of the proposed event for
another SCB to permit the activity.
2.1.2
Agreements for Conduct of the Sport
2.1.2.1 Subject to these Rules, any Controlling
Body may enter into agreements or
arrangements with any one or more of the
other, and with any Promoter, for the
conduct of competitions.
2.1.2.2 If any such agreement or arrangement:
a) Includes FIM, and
b) Is for the conduct of a meeting
which includes both International
and National events, these Rules
will apply to the National events
conducted at the meeting, but in
all other respects the FIM Rules
will apply and be binding on all
participants.
2.1.3
Conflict between Code and Rules
2.1.3.1 If these Rules and the Code are in
conflict in relation to any matter to which
26
both apply, the Code will prevail over
these Rules.
2.2
SPORTS DEVELOPMENT LEVY
2.3
SPORTS DEVELOPMENT ACCOUNT
2.2.1
Collection and Distribution
2.2.1.1 In all disciplines, there may be a Sports
Development Levy at the discretion of the
RCB.
2.2.1.2 In each year, an RCB may prescribe the
amount of the Sports Development Levy
for that year.
2.2.1.3 The Promoter of a meeting must, no more
than 14 days after the end of the meeting,
pay to the RCB the prescribed Sports
Development Levy imposed on takings
from:
a) Charges for admission by the public
to the meeting venue, and
b) Sales of programs for the meeting.
2.3.0.1 MA must pay any proceeds it receives
from the Sports Development Levy into
the Sports Development Account no more
than 28 days after receipt thereof.
2.3.0.2 In each year, the Board may determine
the purpose for and the amount of any
distribution from the Sports Development
Account.
2.3.0.3 The Board may impose any conditions on
the recipients of grants from the Sports
Development Account.
2.4OFFICIALS
2.4.1
Powers and Authorities of Officials
2.4.1.1 In the administration of these Rules, the
powers and authorities of the Controlling
Bodies are exercisable by and through
officials.
2.4.1.2 For these purposes, the Controlling
Bodies may license any one or more of
the following officials:
a) Key officials:
i) Stewards or Referees,
ii) Race Directors,
iii) Clerks of Course,
iv) Race Secretaries,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) Operational officials:
i) Marshals,
ii) Time keepers and Scorers,
iii)Measurers,
iv) Scrutineers,
v) Eligibility Scrutineers,
vi) Judges,
vii) Observers,
viii)Handicappers,
ix) Starters,
x) Final Control Officials,
xi) Sound Control Officer (SCO)
c) Other licensed officials:
i) Coaches,
ii)Announcers,
iii) Track Inspectors.
2.4.2
The Licensing of Officials
2.4.2.1 MA, or an SCB on behalf of MA, may
issue, renew, recategorise or revoke an
official’s licence. The form of an official’s
licence will be as prescribed in by-laws.
2.4.2.2 No person will be issued with an official’s
licence unless that person has achieved
the minimum required standards at a
training course established and conducted
under these Rules.
2.4.2.3 A licence for a key official must not be
issued to person under 18 years of age. A
licence for an operational official must not
be issued to a person under the age of 16
years.
2.4.2.4 An official’s licence remains in force for no
more than four years from the day of its
issue.
2.4.2.5 An application for an official’s licence and
for the renewal or recategorisation thereof
must be:
a) To the Controlling Body having
authority in the State or Territory
in which the applicant ordinarily
resides,
b) In the prescribed form.
2.4.2.6 An SCB which issues an official’s licence
must, within one month of issue, notify
MA which must enter the information
on a register of licensed officials to be
maintained for that purpose and kept at
the registered office of MA.
2 ADMINISTRATION
2.4.2.6 An RCB, which orders an investigation
into the conduct of a meeting, may
stand down any official involved in the
subject meeting, until the investigation is
concluded.
2.4.3
Categories of Officials’ Licences
2.4.3.1 Officials’ licences:
a) Are accredited at the following levels
and must be appropriately endorsed
i) Level 1 – Club level,
ii) Level 2 – Inter-club / Zone level,
iii) Level 3 – Open event / State
Championship level,
iv) Level 4 – MA Series and
National Championship level,
v) International.
b) Are accredited in the following
disciplines:
i) Dirt Track,
ii) Enduro,
iii) Minikhana,
iv) Motocross,
v) Trial,
vi) Road Racing,
vii) Speedway,
viii)Supercross,
ix) Track,
x) Supermoto.
c) May be endorsed with more than
one category.
2.4.3.2 A licensed official:
a) Must not carry out any duty or
function to which that official’s
licence category does not apply, but
may have an assistant whose licence
is endorsed with a different category,
b) May apply for a different category of
licence. An application for variation
must be dealt with in the same way
as an application for a licence,
c) May not, without the authority of the
Clerk of Course, compete in any
competition at which the official is
officiating,
d) Must comply with these Rules and
with the proper directions of any
official having authority under these
Rules to impose such directions,
27
2 ADMINISTRATION
e) Must carry out all duties honestly,
diligently and fairly,
f) Must be in attendance no later than
one (1) hour prior to the official
start time of the meeting (including
practice) and remain until the
completion of their duties at the
conclusion of the meeting.
g) An assistant may be appointed to any
role.
2.4.3.3 MA may, either independently or in
conjunction with other Controlling Bodies
conduct official’s training courses. The
content of the courses must:
a) Have regard to the various
disciplines of the sport,
b) Provide practical and theoretical
training,
c) Be as prescribed from time to time in
by-laws.
2.4.3.4 No person may compete at any meeting
to which they have been appointed a key
official with the exception of 2.4.8.1 (e).
2.4.4Stewards
2.4.4.1 A RCB must appoint one or more Stewards
for any competition and, if more than one
Steward is appointed, those Stewards
may collectively or individually exercise
the powers set out in these Rules.
2.4.4.2 Where more than one Steward is
appointed under this Rule the RCB
must nominate a senior Steward, whose
determination on any matter in relation to
the meeting will be binding.
2.4.4.3 In the absence of a jury, and subject to
Rule 2.4.5, Stewards of a competition
have supreme control and authority over
the conduct of that competition and may:
a) Amend any supplementary
regulation applicable to the meeting
if, in the opinion of the Steward,
exceptional circumstances arise
requiring amendments,
b) Amend the program for the meeting,
c) Give any instruction or direction to
the clerk of course of the meeting,
d) Determine the time for the
commencement and conclusion of
the meeting,
e) Stop the meeting or any part of it,
28
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
f) Order any event to be re-started or
re-run,
g) Hear and determine any protest,
h) Institute, hear and determine
any prosecution for any offence
committed during the meeting and
impose any penalty or penalties
under these Rules,
i) Abandon any meeting provided
that all entry fees must be refunded
unless otherwise provided for in the
SR for the meeting,
j) Order any competitor to submit to a
medical examination to determine if
the competitor is fit to participate in
the meeting,
k) Order the administration of any fuel,
drug, or other test,
l) Impose on a competitor or entrant
any penalty of relegation time or
points penalty, exclusion, fine or
suspension as provided for in these
Rules,
m) Order any machine, which the
Steward considers does not comply
with these Rules or the relevant
SR, to be impounded at the end of
the meeting and detained under the
control or direction of the Steward for
such period as may reasonably be
necessary for it to be examined,
n) Do any act, publish any document
and make any declaration, not
inconsistent with these Rules, which
is necessary for the fair and proper
conduct of the meeting,
o) Refer any matter to the RCB.
2.4.4.4 As soon as possible, and no more than five
days after the conclusion of a meeting, a
Steward of the meeting must complete
and deliver to the RCB a Steward’s report
in the prescribed form which must include:
a) A copy of the program,
b) The results of the meeting,
c) Total number of competitors,
d) A plan of the venue showing the
location and number of falls where
the competitor received medical
treatment at the venue and/or the
competitor is transported to hospital,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
e) The number of competitors
transported to hospital including
details of suspected injuries,
f) The number of spectators attending
the event, and
g) The number of officials on duty at
the event.
2.4.5
Race Director
2.4.5.1 MA may appoint a Race Director for any
MA Series.
2.4.5.2 The Race Director’s responsibilities are:
a) To ensure proper observance of the
Rules and regulations,
b) To ensure the efficient running of
practices and races,
c) To ensure effective communication
between Promoters and Stewards.
2.4.5.3 The Race Director shall have overriding
authority in relation to:
a) The control of practices and races,
including modifying the program,
b) The stopping of any race or session,
c) Starting procedure.
2.4.5.4 A Race Director may:
a) Amend any series SR if, in the
opinion of the Race Director,
exceptional circumstances arise
requiring amendments,
b) Amend the Series program,
c) Institute, any prosecution for any
offence committed during a meeting,
d) Do any act, publish any document
and make any declaration, not
inconsistent with these Rules, which
is necessary for the fair and proper
conduct of the series.
2.4.6
Clerk of Course
2.4.6.1 Subject to the control and direction of the
Steward or Race Director of a meeting,
the Clerk of Course is responsible for its
conduct and for that purpose may:
a) Inform and instruct operational
officials,
b) Inspect the venue and do whatever
is necessary to ensure the venue is
in good and safe condition,
c) Ensure that all operational officials
are carrying out their duties fully and
effectively,
2 ADMINISTRATION
d) Receive any protest and convey it to
the Steward,
e) Impose on a competitor or entrant
any penalty of exclusion or relegation
or any time or points penalty or fine
as provided for under these Rules,
f) Stop any event,
g) Exclude any competitor from any
competition for any reason provided
for in these Rules,
h) Exclude from any event any machine
which the Clerk of Course considers
to be dangerous,
i) Order any event to be re-started or
re-run,
j) Collate all necessary information
from any operational official and
present it to the Steward at the
Steward’s request and direction,
k) Do any act, publish any document
and make any declaration, not
inconsistent with these Rules, which
is necessary for the fair and proper
conduct of the meeting,
l) Authorise any operational official to
compete in any event in the meeting.
2.4.7
Club Steward
2.4.7.1 Combined role of Steward/Clerk of
Course
2.4.7.2 Subject to State Controlling Body
approval, the role of Steward and Clerk
of Course may be combined at closed
to club meetings where the anticipated
number of participants is reasonably
expected to be less than 65.
2.4.7.3 In circumstances where this occurs and
where there could be a conflict between
the duties of a Clerk of Course and the
duties of a Steward, the role of the
Steward as outlined in GCR 2.4.4 will
prevail.
2.4.7.4 Where participant numbers exceed 65,
the meeting may continue with a Club
Steward. In considering the request
for Club Steward, the State Controlling
Body must consider the entry numbers
for meetings conducted by the Club
concerned.
2.4.7.5 A Club Steward may not be used at Inter-
29
2 ADMINISTRATION
club meetings.
2.4.7.6 The combining of the roles is absolutely
at the discretion of the State Controlling
Body. The State Controlling Body may
determine there is a requirement for
separate Steward and Clerk of Course
roles.
2.4.7.7 Should these roles be combined at a
meeting, participants would lose the
right of protest of a decision of the Clerk
of Course to the Steward as defined in
GCR 7.2. Any protest directed to the
Official undertaking the Club Steward role
resulting from a penalty normally imposed
by a Clerk of Course will be directed to
and heard by the State Controlling Body.
The appeal will be charged at the $70
Protest Fee rate. Any appeal will be heard
by the State Controlling Body.
2.4.7.8 Where a Club Steward is applicable,
it must be stipulated during the riders’
briefing that there is a loss of level of
protest.
2.4.7.9 A Club Steward may not be a participant
in the meeting.
2.4.7.10 The roles of the Referee and Clerk of
Course at Speedway meetings cannot be
combined under this rule.
2.4.8
Race Secretary
2.4.8.1 The Race Secretary is responsible for
the organisation and management of a
meeting and for those purposes:
a) Must comply with the instructions of
the Steward and the Clerk of Course,
b) May publish notices and documents
as directed,
c) May ensure that operational officials
are informed of their functions and
duties and properly equipped,
d) Must provide the Steward with a
copy of the program and the results
of events conducted at the meeting.
e) Trials and Traditional Enduro.
For club and Inter-club Trials
and Traditional Enduro the Race
Secretary may compete in an event
once they have completed their
duties as described in Chapter 2,
and only with the authority of the
Steward and Clerk of Course
NOTE: This doesn’t apply to other
30
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
forms of competition under the broad
“Enduro” discipline such as Sprint,
Cross Country, Pony Express, Cross
Country Sprint etc.
2.4.9
Operational Officials
2.4.9.1 In carrying out their duties, operational
officials must:
a) At the beginning of the meeting
report to the Clerk of the Course for
instructions,
b) Only use apparatus authorised under
these Rules,
c) Provide the Clerk of Course with
reports as required,
d) Comply with the directions and
instructions of the Steward/Referee
and the Clerk of Course.
2.4.9.2 Operational officials must carry out their
functions to the best of their abilities and
in accordance with these Rules.
2.4.9.3 Officials must be paid such fees, expenses
and allowances as are prescribed from
time to time.
2.4.10 Eligibility Scrutineer
2.4.10.1 An eligibility Scrutineer is a person
appointed by the RCB or the Promoter
at a meeting comprising of events for
historic or classic machines. The eligibility
Scrutineer has the authority to determine
whether entered machines comply with
the relevant eligibility regulations.
2.4.11 Sound Control Officer
2.4.11.1 SCO’s are licensed after completion
of a technical seminar on the principles,
instruments and methods to be used.
2.4.11.2 SCO covers noise testing at all levels of
meeting, except FIM World Championship
and Trophy events.
2.4.11.3 SCO decisions are a judgement of fact.
2.4.12 Specialist Sub-committees
2.4.12.1 A Controlling Body may appoint specialist
Sub-committees
for
the following
purposes:
a) To examine any machine to
determine if the machine, or the
class or group of machines of which
the machine is an example, is
eligible to compete,
b) To issue, in respect of any machine,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
2.4.12.2
2.4.12.3
2.4.12.4
2.4.12.5
any log book or other record of
eligibility,
c) To direct the issue of a replacement
log book for any machine, and
d) To grant any exemption, in respect of
any machine, class or period group
of machines, for the use of any part
or parts as provided for under these
Rules.
The relevant Commission will, unless
otherwise determined in by-laws, be the
specialist Sub-committee for each SCB.
Specialist Sub-committees will be
appointed for such term and upon such
conditions as the Controlling Body
determines.
A specialist Sub-committee may have
expertise in more than one discipline
of the sport.
A determination of a specialist Subcommittee applies to, and binds:
a) The owner or entrant of any
machine,
b) Any subsequent owner or entrant.
2.4.13Juries
2.4.13.1 Subject to the following two GCRs, an
RCB may appoint, in addition to, or in lieu
of, a Steward, a jury which must comprise
a President and at least two members.
2.4.13.2 If a meeting is in Speedway:
a) A jury may not be appointed in lieu of
the Referee,
b) The functions of a jury are to hear
and determine any protest against
any decision or determination of
the Referee.
2.4.13.3 No person may be a member of a jury
unless that person is:
a) Appointed in writing by the RCB
under this Rule, and
b) A Steward.
2.4.13.4 The RCB may appoint to a jury, such
persons as it thinks have sufficient
expertise to be members of a jury.
2.4.13.5 The RCB must appoint the President of
the jury.
2.4.13.6 The Steward of a meeting may not be a
member of the jury for that meeting.
2.4.13.7 If, during a meeting, there is a vacancy
2 ADMINISTRATION
in the membership of a jury, the jury
President may appoint a substitute in
accordance with these Rules.
2.4.13.8 No member of a jury may participate in
any deliberations of the jury if that person
has an interest in the outcome of the
deliberations and must, immediately on
becoming aware of any such conflict
of interest, notify the other members of
the jury and withdraw from the jury. The
President of a jury:
a) Must convene the jury at the
commencement of the meeting,
b) Must ensure that the proceedings of
the jury are conducted in accordance
with these Rules,
c) Must ensure that the acts and
instructions of the jury are carried
out, and
d) May admit any person as an
observer of the jury’s deliberation
and must exclude any person who,
in the opinion of the jury, has no
interest in the proceedings or is not
entitled to be present.
2.4.13.9 Where a jury is appointed in addition to
a Steward, the authority of the jury will
prevail over that of the Steward.
2.4.13.10In these Rules any reference to a Steward
in any discipline other than Speedway
will, in respect of a meeting for which a
jury has been appointed, be interpreted,
as if it were a reference to a jury.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
3LICENSING
3.1
LICENSING REQUIREMENTS
3.1.1
Licensing Conditions
3.1.1.1 A person may only participate in a
competition event if they are the holder
of a competition licence as detailed in this
chapter.
3.1.1.2 A person may only participate in a noncompetition activity or event if they are the
holder of a competition or non-competition
licence detailed in this chapter.
3.1.1.3 MA may, either independently or in
conjunction with other Controlling Bodies,
establish and conduct training courses for
competition licensees. The content of the
courses must have regard to:
a) The interests of the sport,
b) The need for safety in all aspects of
the sport,
c) The desirability of fair and even
competition between competitors
having the highest possible skills at
each level of competition,
d) The graduated development of the
skills of competitors.
3.1.1.4 In the event of courses being established
under the above Rule, no person who
has not successfully completed an
appropriate course may apply for, or be
issued with, a competition licence.
3.1.1.5 An applicant for a competition licence who
is aggrieved by a decision of the SCB
under the previous Rule may appeal to
the appellate body of that SCB.
3.1.1.6 MA, or each SCB on behalf of MA, must in
each year make available to every person
issued with a 12 month competition
licence a copy of the GCRs. This may be
in digital format.
3.1.1.7 A competition licence, other than a 1
meeting licence, continues in force for
12 months from the date of issue except
where:
a) A renewal application is lodged less
than three months after the expiry
date in which case the licence will
continue in force for 12 months from
the date the application was received
by the SCB, or
32
3.1.1.8
3.1.1.9
3.1.1.10
3.1.1.11
3.1.1.12
3.1.1.14
b) A renewal application is lodged more
than three months after the expiry
date in which case it will be treated
as a first time application.
A competition licensee must:
a) Produce the licence on demand to
any key official during any meeting,
or
b) If unable to produce the licence,
complete a licence declaration
certifying compliance with the licence
requirements of these Rules and
forthwith pay the prescribed nonproduction fee.
No person who is serving a suspension
from the FIM or any FMN may be issued
with a licence during that period of
suspension.
Any period of licence suspension ordered
by the FIM or any FMN will concurrently
apply to the competitor’s MA licence.
Subject to the next Rule, an SCB may not
issue a competition licence to, or renew
the competition licence of, any person
who has not been a resident of that SCB’s
State or Territory for at least three months.
An SCB may issue a competition licence
to any person who is not a resident of that
SCB’s State or Territory:
a) If that person has not been the
holder of a licence in any other State
or Territory; or
b) If that person, being the holder of a
licence in another State or Territory,
is authorised in writing by the
Controlling Body of the other State
or Territory to apply for a licence
outside that other State or Territory,
or
c) If that person has recently arrived in
Australia from another Federation
and has a clearance from that
Federation to apply for an MA
licence.
Any competition licensee whose licence is
lost or destroyed may apply to an SCB for
the issue of a replacement. The SCB may
charge the prescribed replacement fee to
replace the licence.
3 LICENSING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
3.1.2
LICENCE TYPES AND ACTIVITY ELIGIBILITY
Licence Type
Age
Status
a)
b)
Junior National †
Junior Restricted National †*
7 - Under 16
Competition
(“Fast 50’s”, Mini Moto, Moto-Trials)
7 - Under 16
c)
Senior National
d)
e)
Senior Restricted National*
(“Fast 50’s”, Mini Moto, Moto-Trials)
One Meeting
f)Mini ♠
g) Single Recreational Activity
h) Recreational
Practice
Coaching
Recreation
Activity Type
Club Inter- Club
National/
Open




Competition




16 & Over
Competition




16 & Over
Competition




7 & Over
Competition




Non-Competition ♠






X
X
X
X
X
X
4 - Under 16
4 & Over
16 & Over
Non-Competition
Non-Competition
NOTE 1: In table 3.1.2:  means eligible, X means ineligible. The rules below explain the other symbols in the table.
NOTE 2: Normal competition rules apply for all practices on all MA licensed tracks.
3.1.2.1 † Junior Competition
(National
Competition and Restricted National)
licences can only be held by riders aged 7
to under 16 years.
3.1.2.2 *Restricted National Licence will be
subject to the following conditions.
a) The licence will be available for both
Junior and Senior competitors.
b) The licence will apply to the following
categories:
i) Fast 50’s,
ii)Minimoto,
iii)Trial
c) Licencing requirements are as GCR
3.2, 3.3 and 3.4.
3.1.2.3 ♠ Club, Inter-Club and National meetings
can hold non-competitive activities
specifically for Mini licence holders using
50cc Demo machines (4 to Under 9
years). This licence can also be used for
Minikhana activities (4 to Under 16 years),
and non-competitive events.
3.1.2.4 No competition licensee may compete in
any competition above the level endorsed
on that person’s licence.
3.1.2.5 To be eligible for a competition licence a
rider must be an Australian Citizen or be a
permanent resident eligible for Medicare,
or have a clearance from their FMN.
3.1.2.6 A competition licencee from any country
in which there is an FMN recognised by
the FIM:
a) May compete in Australia as if that
person were a competition licencee
under these Rules, but
b) Must compete at the level, or its
nearest equivalent, endorsed on that
person’s licence, and
c) May not compete unless and until
that person satisfies the Steward
of a meeting in which that person
seeks to participate that that person
is appropriately insured and is
authorised by that FMN.
3.1.2.7 No person other than a licencee
competing under the previous Rule may
be issued with a competition licence
unless that person is a member of a Club.
This rule does not apply to applicants for a
Recreational and Single Use Recreational
Licence.
3.1.2.8 MA, or an SCB on behalf of MA, may
issue a competition licence to any person.
The form of a competition licence will be
as prescribed in by-laws.
3.1.2.9 MA may issue International licences
on behalf of FIM to holders of a current
National licence with insurance to FIM
standard.
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3 LICENSING
3.2
3.2.0.1 Any rider, who is transported to hospital,
recommended to attend hospital or is
advised by a medical practitioner that they
require a medical clearance before taking
part in any further competition event will
have their license suspended until such
time as they supply a medical clearance
to MA, their SCB or a Key Official at an
MA permitted event
LICENSING - GENERAL
coach, or
v) Endorsement on the application
by a club official authorised by
the SCB that, in the opinion
of that official, the applicant
is capable of controlling a
motorcycle.
3.3.0.2 A first time licence applicant must
undertake a test of knowledge of these
Rules
3.3
LICENSING - SENIORS
3.4
LICENSING - JUNIORS
3.5
LICENSING - ENTRANTS
3.3.0.1 An application for a competition licence,
other than a one meeting licence or
International licence, must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides;
b) Be in the prescribed form.
c) Be accompanied by:
i) Proof of the age of the applicant,
ii) Proof that the applicant has
passed an appropriate licence
test,
iii) Proof the applicant has current
ambulance subscription;
iv) The prescribed fee; and
v) Proof of current MA affiliated
club membership.
d) If the applicant is a minor, be
accompanied by the written
authorisation of at least one of the
applicant’s parents or the legal
guardian of the applicant.
e) If the applicant has never been
the holder of a competition licence,
be accompanied by any one of the
following:
i) The applicant’s current road
motorcycle licence,
ii) Proof that the applicant has
attended a motorcycle training
course conducted by, or with the
approval of, a State Government
authority,
iii) Proof that the applicant has
attended any SCB accredited
training school,
iv) Proof that the applicant has
attended a training school
conducted by an accredited
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
3.4.0.1 An application for a Junior competition
licence, other than a one meeting licence
must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides,
b) Be in the prescribed form,
c) Be accompanied by:
i) Proof of the age of the applicant,
ii) Proof the applicant has current
ambulance subscription, and
iii) The prescribed fee.
iv) Proof that the applicant has met
the requirements of the Junior
Coaching Program (JCP) GCR
3.8
v) Written authorisation of at least
one of the applicant’s parents
or the legal guardian of the
applicant.
iv) Proof of current club membership.
3.4.0.2 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
3.4.0.3 All Junior competitors:
a) Must produce their JCP logbook
upon demand to any key official
during any meeting
b) If unable to produce their JCP
logbook, complete a declaration
certifying their compliance with the
logbook requirement of these Rules
accompanied by the prescribed fee.
3.5.0.1 A person or body corporate may not enter
any rider to participate in any competition
unless that person or body corporate is
licensed as an Entrant.
3 LICENSING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
3.5.0.2 MA, or an SCB on behalf of MA, may
issue an Entrant’s licence to any person or
body corporate. The form of an Entrant’s
licence will be as prescribed in by-laws.
3.5.0.3 An application for an Entrant’s licence and
for renewal thereof, must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides,
b) Be in the prescribed form, and
c) Be accompanied by the
prescribed fee.
3.5.0.4 On receipt of an application for the issue
or renewal of an Entrant’s licence, the
SCB may:
a) Issue or renew the licence
unconditionally,
b) Refuse to issue or renew the licence,
or
c) Issue or renew the licence on such
terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
3.5.0.5 An applicant for an Entrant’s licence who
is aggrieved by a decision of the SCB
under the previous GCR may appeal to
the appellate body of the SCB.
3.5.0.6 An entrant’s licence continues in force for
12 months from the date of issue.
3.6
LICENSING - SPEEDWAY
MECHANICS
3.6.0.1 A person may not work as a Mechanic for
any rider in any Speedway competition
unless that person:
a) Is licensed as a mechanic,
b) Is not less than 16 years of age,
3.6.0.2 MA, or an SCB on behalf of MA, may
issue a mechanic’s licence to any person.
3.6.0.3 An application for a mechanic’s licence
and for renewal thereof, must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides,
b) Be in the prescribed form,
c) Be accompanied by:
i) Proof of the age of the applicant,
ii) Proof the applicant has current
ambulance subscription, and
iii) The prescribed fee.
3.6.0.4 On receipt of an application for the issue
or renewal of a Mechanic’s licence the
3.6.0.5
3.6.0.6
3.6.0.7
3.6.0.8
3.7
SCB may:
a) Issue or renew the licence
unconditionally,
b) Refuse to issue or renew the licence,
or
c) Issue or renew the licence on such
terms and conditions, as it thinks fit.
An applicant for a Mechanic’s licence who
is aggrieved by a decision of the SCB
under the previous GCR may appeal to
the appellate body of that SCB.
A Mechanic’s licence continues in force
for 12 months from the date of issue.
A Mechanic’s licensee must:
a) Carry the licence at all times during
any meeting,
b) Produce the licence on demand to
any key official during any meeting,
If unable to produce the licence, complete
a declaration certifying compliance
with the licence requirements of these
Rules and forthwith pay the prescribed
non-production fee.
LICENCE ISSUING & RENEWALS
3.7.0.1 Senior - An application for renewal of a
Senior competition licence must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides,
b) Be in the prescribed form.
c) Be accompanied by:
i) Proof the applicant has a current
ambulance subscription, and
ii) The prescribed fee
iii) Proof of current club
membership.
3.7.0.2 Junior - An application for renewal of a
Junior competition licence must:
a) Be to the SCB of the State or
Territory in which the applicant
ordinarily resides,
b) Be in the prescribed form,
c) Be accompanied by:
i) Proof in the JCP logbook of the
required coaching hours having
been completed,
i) Proof the applicant has a current
ambulance subscription, and
ii) The prescribed fee,
35
3 LICENSING
iii) Proof of current club
membership.
3.7.0.3 On receipt of an application for the issue
or renewal of a competition licence the
SCB may:
a) Delay the issue or renewal for no
more than 14 days,
b) Issue or renew the licence
unconditionally,
c) Refuse to issue or renew the licence,
or
d) Issue or renew the licence on such
terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
3.7.0.4 Riders in track and dirt track can, at
three months prior to the rider’s 16th
birthday practice on a machine that they
will compete on at permitted separate
Junior practice/coaching days, Juniors
must not ride with Seniors
3.8
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
3.8.0.4 Endorsements will be issued for:
Discipline
Endorsements
Motocross
Dirt Track
Track
Off Road 50cc
Off Road 85cc 2-Stroke/
150cc 4-Stroke
Off Road 200cc 2-Stroke
Off Road 250cc 4-Stroke
Sidecar Rider & Passenger 85cc
2-Stroke / 150cc 4-Stroke
Sidecar Rider & Passenger 200cc
2-Stroke / 250cc 4-Stroke
Enduro
Off Road 50cc
Off Road 65cc 2-Stroke/125cc
4-Stroke
Off Road 85cc 2-Stroke/150cc
4-Stroke
JUNIOR COACHING PROGRAM
3.8.0.1 To obtain a competition licence, Junior
riders (7 to under 16 years) must:
a) Undertake a minimum of five hours
of coaching by an accredited
motorcycle sport coach in the
required modules (Kick Start), and
b) Complete the written assessment.
3.8.0.2 Prior to a junior progressing to a larger
capacity
motorcycle, a competency
based assessment must be conducted
under the tuition of an accredited coach
and under a coaching permit to assess
whether the rider is competent to ride the
next sized machine.
3.8.0.3 The rider must be endorsed upon the
competition licence with the appropriate
level of endorsement.
Off Road 65cc 2-Stroke/
125cc 4-Stroke
Off Road 200cc 2-Stroke
Off Road 250cc 4-Stroke
Speedway
125cc 4-Stroke
250cc 4-Stroke
350cc 4-Stroke
Speedway
Slider 200cc 2-Stroke
Slider 250cc 4-Stroke
Slider 350cc 4-Stroke
Slider 65cc 2-Stroke /
125cc 4-Stroke
Slider 85cc 2-Stroke &
150cc 4-Stroke
Sidecar Rider & Passenger 250cc
4-Stroke
Trial
Up to 125cc
Up to 200cc
Trial Open Capacity
Trial Electric Bike
36
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Road Race
Road Race Up to 85cc 2-Stroke &
160cc 4-Stroke
Road Race 125cc 2-Stroke & 250cc
4-Stroke
Road Race 13 to under 16 racing
with Seniors
ATVs
50cc
90cc 2-Stroke/125cc 4-Stroke
200cc 2-Stroke
300cc/250cc 4-Stroke
3.8.05
A rider endorsed on any capacity is
permitted to ride any capacity below the
level of their endorsement and within the
class/age allowance within the rules.
3.8.0.6 A rider wishing to compete within the
following disciplines or upon the listed
machines below must undertake a
one off competency assessment by an
accredited motorcycle sport coach on
those respective machines:
• Road Race (including
Supermoto)
• Slider (including Speedway
and Dirt Track/Track Slider
machines)
• Off Road (including MX, MK,
DT, Trial and Enduro)
• Sidecar Passenger or Rider
3.8.0.7 All Junior competitors who complete the
Kick Start program and wish to purchase
a one event competition licence must be
issued with a logbook which includes:
a) Name, address and date of birth,
b) Provision to record training/ coaching
hours and modules to obtain a
competition licence,
c) Provision to record Licence
assessment results,
d) Licence number,
e) Special medical conditions,
f) Ambulance subscription,
g) Provision of injury details (where
transported to hospital), and
h) Provision to record penalties (to be
countersigned by the Steward and
Clerk of Course).
3 LICENSING
3.8.0.8 A rider wishing to take out a one event
competition licence must provide a
logbook to demonstrate their level of
competency endorsement.
3.8.0.9 Junior riders in all disciplines can,
at three months prior to their birthday,
commence coaching on a machine of
the increased capacity that they will be
competing on when reaching the required
age, providing it is at a permitted coaching
event only.
3.8.0.10 Annual competency assessment is not
required.
3.8.0.11 An accredited coach who conducts the
assessment required for a rider to be
endorsed must provide to the SCB written
endorsement of the rider’s assessment,
the capacity of the machine the rider was
assessed upon, the permit number the
assessment was conducted under and
the date of assessment.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4COMPETITIONS
COMPETITON PROTOCOLS: GENERAL
4.1VENUES
4.1.1
Register of Venues
4.1.1.1 Each State Controlling Body must, for
its area of responsibility, establish and
maintain a register of:
a) Permanent venues, and
b) Temporary venues for special events
which may be altered by the addition,
removal or modification of, any one
or more venues.
4.1.2
Track Inspectors
4.1.2.1 A Relevant Controlling Body may appoint
track inspectors whose responsibilities
are:
a) To inspect tracks,
b) To ensure that tracks comply with
any standards established under
these Rules, and
c) To make recommendations for the
issue of licenses for tracks.
4.1.3
The Licensing of Tracks
4.1.3.1 No venue may be operated without a
track licence.
4.1.3.2 An application for the issue of a track
licence must be in the prescribed form to
the Relevant Controlling Body.
4.1.3.3 The Relevant Controlling Body may, in
respect of a track:
a) Issue a licence subject to such terms
and conditions as it thinks fit or may
refuse to issue a licence, and
b) Revoke or suspend a track licence
if the venue licensee fails to comply
with the licence or any condition.
4.1.3.4 During each competition or other
permitted event the track licence
must be prominently displayed in the
administration area of the event together
with a plan of the venue and the GPS coordinates for the location of the venue.
4.1.3.5 Any support person who enters a licensed
venue or who otherwise participates
(in whatever manner and actively or
passively) in a competition under these
GCR is bound by these GCR and any
38
supplementary regulations in force for
that competition.
4.1.4
Notices to the Public
4.1.4.1 At all meetings to which the public have
access, other than events on a public
road, the standard notice [Notice 4.1]
warning the public that a motorcycle
competition is in progress shall be
prominently displayed. The sign shall
measure 550mm x 450mm, minimum.
4.1.4.2 Wherever at such meetings, it is
considered desirable by the Promoters
of the meetings, or is a condition of the
grant of a Venue Licence that the public
shall be excluded from a certain area, the
standard form of notice prohibiting the
public from access to that area [Notice
4.2] shall be prominently displayed. The
sign shall measure 550mm x 450mm.
4.1.4.3 No other form of notice for warning the
public generally or for prohibiting access
to certain areas shall be displayed.
4.1.4.4 A sign must be prominently displayed in
pit areas [Notice 4.3] warning that the
carrying or consumption of alcoholic
beverages by all personnel in the area
is prohibited. The sign shall measure
550mm x 450mm.
4.1.4.5 At the entrances to any venue a Promoter
must prominently display the sign entitled
‘Notice’ [Notice 4.4]. The sign shall
measure 550mm x 450mm.
4.1.4.6 Pit areas must be clearly defined. A
Promoter must prominently display the
sign [Notice 4.5] at the entrance to the pit
area. The sign shall measure 550mm x
450mm.
4.1.4.7 A sign must be prominently displayed in
pit areas [Notice 4.6] ‘No Smoking in Pit
Area By Order, Motorcycling Australia
Ltd’. The sign shall measure 550mm x
450mm. ‘This is a no smoking area’ signs
must be placed in grand stands and/or
high volume spectator areas [Notice 4.7].
4 COMPETITIONS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
WARNING TO THE PUBLIC
Motor racing is DANGEROUS, and spectators attending this track do so entirely at their own
risk. It is a condition of admission that all persons having a connection with the promotion,
and/or organisation, and/or conduct of the meeting, including the owners of the land and
the riders and owners of vehicles and passengers in the vehicles, are absolved from all
liability arising out of the accidents causing damage or personal injury to spectators or ticket
Notice 4.1
holders, except where due care and skill has not been exercised.
PROHIBITED AREA
Notice 4.2
The Public is not permitted in this area.
WARNING
The carrying or consumption of alcoholic beverages
in the pit area is prohibited.
By Order,
Motorcycling Australia Ltd
Notice 4.3
NOTICE
No Animals Allowed.
Guide Dogs Excepted
By Order,
Motorcycling Australia Ltd
Notice 4.4
The riding of motorcycles in the pit area is only
allowed in marked access lanes.
By Order,
Motorcycling Australia Ltd
Notice 4.5
SMOKING PROHIBITIONS
No Smoking in Pit Area
By Order,
Motorcycling Australia Ltd
4.2
THE PROMOTION AND CONDUCT
OF COMPETITIONS
4.2.1
Authority to Promote
4.2.1.1 Subject to these Rules, competitions may
be promoted or conducted by:
a) A Controlling Body, or
b) A Promoter.
4.2.1.2 Promoters must be affiliated to the
Relevant Controlling Body:
a) Where a State Controlling Body
is the Relevant Controlling Body,
Promoters must affiliate with a State
Controlling Body,
b) Where MA is the Relevant
Notice 4.6
Notice 4.7
Controlling Body, Promoters must
affiliate with MA if they have not
already affiliated with a State
Controlling Body.
4.2.1.3 State Controlling Bodies must notify MA
of the details of affiliated Promoters within
one month of them affiliating.
4.2.2
Competition Permits
4.2.2.1 No competition may be promoted or
conducted without a competition permit.
4.2.2.2 An application for a competition permit
39
4 COMPETITIONS
must be in the prescribed form to the
Relevant Controlling Body and must:
a) Be accompanied by the
prescribed fee,
b) For any meeting forming part of
an Australian Championship, be
submitted at least three months
before the date set for the meeting,
c) For International meetings (i.e.
involving licensees from federations
other than MA and MNZ), MA series
or National meetings, be submitted
at least eight weeks before the date
set for the meeting,
d) For any other meeting, be submitted
at least 14 days before the date set
for the meeting,
e) Be accompanied by proposed
supplementary regulations, and
f) Identify the proposed venue.
4.2.2.3 A Relevant Controlling Body may issue
a competition permit subject to terms
and conditions or may refuse to issue a
permit.
a) At the time of issue of a competition
permit to a Promoter, the Relevant
Controlling Body may require
the Promoter to deposit with the
Relevant Controlling Body a bond
which is:
i) Equivalent to the prize money,
ii) An estimate by the Relevant
Controlling Body of the gate levy
payable.
b) Where a bond is not required, the
Relevant Controlling Body will
assume responsibility for the prize
money.
c) A permit must not be issued unless
the Promoter making application
is insured to the satisfaction of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
4.2.2.4 Where any of the conditions of a
competition permit are not satisfied the
Relevant Controlling Body may revoke
the permit.
4.2.2.5 The permit for an event must be
prominently displayed in the administration
area of the event.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.2.3
Refund of Permit Fees
4.2.3.1 If a meeting does not take place, any
fee paid for the permit must be repaid
unless in the opinion of the Relevant
Controlling Body, the meeting did not
take place because of the conduct of the
permit holder. In that event, the Relevant
Controlling Body may withhold the refund
wholly or in part at its discretion.
4.2.4
Forfeiture of Permit
4.2.4.1 A Promoter will be liable to forfeit a permit
if the Promoter breaches any of these
Rules, and in all things done in relation
to a meeting, must comply with, and is
bound by:
a) These Rules,
b) All conditions of the permit,
c) Any supplementary regulations, and
d) All venue safety and other standards
proclaimed under these Rules.
4.2.5
The Appointment of Officials
4.2.5.1 A meeting must not take place unless
there are at least the following officials
present:
a) A Steward, a Jury, or a Referee,
b) A Clerk of Course,
c) A Race Secretary,
d) A Scrutineer.
4.2.5.2 Officials for Australian Championships
forming a series must:
a) In respect of Stewards, Juries and
Race Directors, be appointed by MA,
b) In respect of all other key officials,
Chief Marshals, eligibility Scrutineers
and chief technical Scrutineers,
be nominated by the host State
Controlling Body for MA approval.
c) In respect of all other officials, be
appointed by the Promoter.
4.2.5.3 Officials for Australian Championships
which do not form part of a series must:
a) In respect of Stewards, Jury
Presidents and eligibility Scrutineers
be appointed by MA,
b) In respect of all other key officials,
Chief Marshals and chief technical
Scrutineers be appointed by the host
State Controlling Body,
c) In respect of all other officials, be
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
appointed by the Promoter.
4.2.5.4 Officials for meetings controlled by MA
which are not Australian Championships
must:
a) In respect of Stewards, be appointed
by MA,
b) In respect of all other officials, be
appointed by the Promoter.
4.2.5.5 Officials for meetings controlled by State
Controlling Bodies will be appointed in
accordance with the bylaws of the host
State Controlling Body.
4.2.6
Competitions between Categories of
Machine
4.2.6.1 In respect of any competition:
a) Unless otherwise provided for
by these Rules or any relevant
supplementary regulations, no two
machines of a different category may
compete in any event,
b) No competition may be conducted
under these Rules between a
motorcycle and any other vehicle.
4.2.7
Invitations for Entries
4.2.7.1 A Promoter may invite and receive
entries to any competition authorised by
the permit. Every invitation to enter and
every entry form sent out to a potential
participant must:
a) Specify the closing date for
applications to enter,
b) Specify the amount of the entry fee,
c) Be accompanied by a copy of the
supplementary regulations for the
competition.
4.2.8
Applications for Entries
4.2.8.1 A competition licensee wishing to
participate in a meeting may apply to
enter the meeting. The application must:
a) Be in the prescribed form and
contain the prescribed information,
b) Be accompanied by the prescribed
fee,
c) If required by the Relevant
Controlling Body, be accompanied
by a medical certificate that the
applicant is fit to participate in the
meeting,
d) Contain no false or misleading
4 COMPETITIONS
information,
e) Comply with the supplementary
regulations for the meeting.
4.2.8.2 The Promoter to whom such an
application is submitted may accept or
reject it. In the case of rejection of entries,
the promoter must get prior approval from
the Relevant Controlling Body to reject
entries. If the application is rejected, the
Promoter must inform the applicant of the
rejection. The applicant can protest the
rejection in accordance with GCR 7.2.1.1
a) & GCR 7.2.1.2 d) i).
4.2.9
Responsibilities of Promoters
4.2.9.1 A Promoter, on or before the day of the
meeting must:
a) Publish a program which must
contain:
i) The names of all competitors
and the identity of each
competitor’s entrant, club and
State,
ii) The identification number of
each competitor and motorcycle,
iii) Any applicable starting position
and handicap,
iv) The status and identity of all key
officials,
v) All relevant information about
the events to be conducted.
vi) A welcome message from an MA
Representative for Australian
Championships.
b) Provide copies of the program
to all key officials, entrants and
competitors.
c) Appoint officials and in so doing
may appoint assistant pit and flag
marshals who need not be the
holders of officials’ licenses. No
assistant pit or flag marshal may
carry out any duty unless directly
supervised by a licensed official.
d) Provide fire extinguishers for
immediate use at the Start to
the satisfaction of the Relevant
Controlling Body,
e) Where MA is the Relevant
Controlling Body, at any event where
speed is the determining factor,
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4 COMPETITIONS
provide an ambulance which is:
i) Legally authorised by its relevant
State/Territory Government
Authority to transport on public
roads, under emergency
conditions (lights and sirens) any
persons to hospital, and
ii) Staffed by at least two
Paramedics who are able to
provide advanced life support
inclusive of providing analgesia.
f) At all other events where speed is
the determining factor provide, to the
satisfaction of the State Controlling
Body:
i) An ambulance, or
ii) First aid vehicle, or
iii) A medical room, which may
be mobile.
g) Ensure medical facilities are
operated by qualified first
aid personnel.
h) Ensure that:
i) At Speedway / Track events
spectators are not permitted
inside the circuit,
ii) At all other events spectators
are not permitted in areas which
may endanger themselves or
riders.
iii) Both the nearest police station
and the nearest hospital to the
event are notified that the event
is to take place. This notification
must be given at least 21 days
prior to the event.
4.2.9.2 A Promoter must, no more than 21 days
after a meeting, pay all fees, travel
and accommodation expenses due to
Controlling Bodies, riders and officials in
respect of that meeting.
4.2.9.3 A Promoter is responsible for the payment
of all officials’ fees and expenses other
than the Steward’s fee and any costs
associated with the Race Director.
4.2.9.4 Unless otherwise instructed by the
Relevant Controlling Body, a Promoter
must, no more than 14 seven days after
the results have been declared official,
pay all prize monies and prizes due to the
riders.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.2.9.5 At events where drug or fuel testing has
taken place a Relevant Controlling Body
may instruct the Promoter to delay payments
of prize monies until the results of those tests
are published.
4.2.10 Betting at Meetings
4.2.10.1 No person involved in the conduct of any
meeting may conduct any bet or wager in
respect of that meeting.
4.2.11Results
4.2.11.1 As soon as practicable and no more
than five days after the completion of
a meeting, the Steward must send the
results to the Relevant Controlling Body.
4.2.11.2 Unless and until all protests and appeals
arising from a meeting are finally
determined, the results will be provisional.
4.2.11.3 In respect of any provisional results, any
public announcement or advertisement
concerning those results must state that
they are provisional and are subject to
official confirmation.
4.2.11.4 As soon as practicable and no more than
five days after the final determination of
all protests and appeals in relation to any
meeting, the Relevant Controlling Body
must announce that the results are final.
4.2.11.5 A meeting will commence and conclude at
the times fixed by the Steward.
4.2.12 Results in Australian Championships
and MA Series
4.2.12.1 Results in any Australian titled event or
MA series event:
a) Must be faxed or emailed to MA
by the Steward by 09:00AM on the
Monday next following the event,
and
b) Must include the names of all
finishers in the event.
4.2.13 Supplementary Regulations [SR]
4.2.13.1 A Relevant Controlling Body may make
SR, which must be consistent with these
Rules, for the purposes of the promotion
and conduct of any competition.
4.2.13.2 The SR:
a) Have the force and effect of these
Rules,
b) Must comply, as closely as possible,
with the model SR in Appendix C;
4 COMPETITIONS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Must be printed and in the prescribed
form,
d) Must be delivered to those persons
or bodies, whom the Relevant
Controlling Body considers
necessary to enable the competition
to be conducted fairly and efficiently,
e) Must be published and displayed
in a place to which officials and
competitors have reasonable access,
f) Must not be amended after delivery
and publication in accordance with
this GCR unless, in the opinion of the
Steward, exceptional circumstances
arise requiring amendments.
4.2.13.3 SR for competitions must prescribe:
a) Venue descriptions,
b) Dates, times and places of
competitions,
c) Entry times, methods and forms,
d) Competitor and other numbers and
number plates,
e) Methods of machine examination,
f) Methods of practicing and qualifying,
g) Methods of starting and finishing,
h) Flags and signals,
i) Competition officials,
j) Entry and other fees,
k) Prizes and trophies,
l) Competition formats,
m) Methods of scoring,
n)Timetables,
o) Such other facts, matters or things
as are necessary to ensure the fair
and safe conduct of competitions.
4.2.13.4 SR bind support persons. Delivery,
publication or display of SR in accordance
with GCR 4.2.13.2 (d) or (e) shall be
deemed delivery, publication and display
of the SR to support persons.
4.2.14Supplementary
Regulations
for
Australian Championships & MA Series
4.2.14.1 A draft of proposed SR for an Australian
Championship or MA series must be sent
to MA in electronic form (disc or email) at
least three months prior to the date of the
event.
COMPETITION PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
AND MA EVENTS
4.3
MA EVENTS
4.3.1
Events for which MA is the Relevant
Controlling Body
4.3.1.1 The events for which MA is the Relevant
Controlling Body are detailed in GCR
2.1.1.1 (b)
4.4PROTOCOLS
4.4.1
Protocols for MA Series Events and
International Meetings
4.4.1.1 Promoters are to deal directly with MA
including:
a) The submission of date applications,
b) The submission of draft
Supplementary Regulations,
c) Payment of fees, bonds and levies.
4.4.1.2 MA will advise State Controlling Bodies
of series dates by 1st October in order
that State Controlling Bodies may avoid
clashes,
4.4.1.3 Permits may not be issued for Supercross
meetings at venues within 100kms of
a round of the Australian Supercross
Championship eight weeks prior to and
four weeks after the Championship round.
4.4.2Protocols
for
Australian
Championships not forming a Series
4.4.2.1 Promoters may make application to
MA to host Championships, with a copy
of the application sent to the relevant
State Controlling Body. The application
will include the proposed dates, venue,
Promoter and address the criteria in GCR
4.4.
4.4.2.2 MA will award a Championship to Promoter
which becomes responsible for ensuring
the meeting is conducted to a standard befitting an Australian Championship.
4.4.2.3 MA may require a Promoter to lodge a
performance bond which may be totally or
partially forfeited if key performance criteria
are not met.
4.4.2.4 The Promoter is responsible for:
a) Providing MA with email draft
Supplementary Regulations for
approval,
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4 COMPETITIONS
b) Paying MA the performance bond,
permit fee and rider insurance levy,
c) The adequate circulation of
Supplementary Regulations,
d) Providing MA with comprehensive
and accurate results by email the
day after the meeting,
e) Ensuring there is appropriate
promotion and publicity, which is to
also incorporate the MA logo,
f) Ensuring all Rules governing
the administration of Australian
Championships are adhered to,
g) Ensuring the prescribed level of
medical service is provided.
4.4.2.5 The following issues are key performance
criteria Promoters will be assessed on:
a) Adequate number of officials and
other personnel to properly conduct
the meeting,
b) The performance of officials,
c) The appropriate promotion of
Championships,
d) Provision of prescribed medical
services,
e) Ensuring there are no date clashes
with the Championship,
f) Correct signage,
g) An effective radio communication
system,
h) An adequate control tower (where
appropriate),
i) A safe venue,
j) Adequate public facilities,
k) Ensuring the MA logo and flag are
displayed as required.
4.4.3
44
Supplementary Regulations and Entry
Forms
4.4.3.1 MA will publish supplementary regulations
and entry forms on www.ma.org.au for
entrants to download.
4.4.3.2 Supplementary Regulations and entry
forms for:
a) Series Championships may only be
accessed from the MA website or the
Promoter,
b) Stand-alone Championships may be
accessed from the MA website, the
host State Controlling Body or the
Promoter.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.4.4
Protest Fees, Licence Declaration Fees
and Fines
4.4.4.1 Protest fees, licence declaration fees and
fines are to be collected by the Steward
and paid to MA.
4.4.5Venues
4.4.5.1 Venues will be licensed by:
a) MNSW in the case of all
NSW venues;
b) MA – Road Racing venues;
c) Stewards / Race Director –
temporary Supercross venues.
d) State Controlling Bodies – all other
venues; and
e) FIM – World Championships.
4.4.6The
Allocation
of
Australian
Championships which do not form a
Series
4.4.6.1 Promoters may make application to MA
to host Championships, with a copy of
the application sent to the relevant State
Controlling Body.
4.4.6.2 The protocols for Australian Championships
are detailed in this Chapter.
4.4.6.3 In considering applications, MA may have
regard to any one or more of the following
considerations:
a) The likely level of media exposure of,
and public support for, the event,
b) The level of support for the discipline
by the relevant State Controlling
Body,
c) The regularity and frequency with
which State Championships in the
discipline in the area of the relevant
State Controlling Body,
d) The financial resources of the
Promoter and of any proposed
Promoter of the event,
e) The quality of any proposed venue,
f) The provision of access to
any proposed venue, and
accommodation, for spectators.
g) The availability of quality officials,
h) The previous record of the
Promoter in conducting Australian
Championships,
i) Such other considerations, as MA
considers relevant.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.4.6.4 MA may refuse the application or may
grant the same and may impose such
conditions as it considers are necessary
and reasonable for the fair, safe and
effective conduct of the event. Within one
month of receipt of written notification
of the issue of the grant, the State
Controlling Body must pay the prescribed
permit fee to MA.
4.4.6.5 In the event of a Promoter to which an
Australian Championship has been
granted failing to pay the permit fee or
to conduct the event in accordance with
the grant:
a) The performance bond will be
forfeited and may be applied by MA
in reduction of the permit fee payable
by any other Promoter to whom the
conduct of the event is granted,
b) MA may offer the event to another
Promoter.
4 COMPETITIONS
State Calendars
4.4.9.1 The event calendar of a State Controlling
Body hosting one or more Australian
Championships in any year:
a) Must list each Australian
Championship being hosted by that
State Controlling Body in that year,
b) Must be sent to MA and all other
State Controlling Bodies by no later
than 31st October of the preceding
year.
4.4.7The
Allocation
of
Australian
Championships Forming a Series
4.4.7.1 Promoters in each State may apply
to MA to host a round of the relevant
Championship.
4.4.8Promotion
of
Australian
Championships
4.4.8.1 Programs for Australian Championships
must:
a) Indicate on the front cover the nature
of the event,
b) Give visual prominence to title
events over support events.
4.4.8.2 At all Australian Championships:
a) An MA flag and banner must be on
display at the start or finish line at
the event,
b) Competitors must place an MA
supplied logo on the front number
plate of their machines.
4.4.8.3 The MA logo must be displayed following
the logo use style-guide issued by MA:
a) On all publications relating to the
event,
b) On the front cover of the event
program.
4.4.9
Listing of Australian Championships in
45
5 ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMPETITION
5
5.1
ALTERNATIVE FORMS OF COMPETITION
ALTERNATIVE ACTIVITIES
5.1.0.1 Promoters may seek to conduct
activities which are outside mainstream
motorcycle sport. Such alternative forms
of competition may include, but are not
limited to:
a) Sand drags,
b) Hill climbs,
c) Other motorcycle activities.
5.4
SUPPLEMENTARY REGULATIONS ALTERNATIVE ACTIVITIES
5.4.0.1 Promoters must include comprehensive
details of the proposed competition in
supplementary regulations.
5.4.0.2 State Controlling Bodies must submit
the supplementary regulations to MA
for approval.
5.2.0.1 Venues must be inspected and licensed in
accordance with GCR 4.1.
5.4.1
UTV/SxS Additional Requirements
5.4.1.1 All vehicles must have two occupants for
the entirety of the competition, including
practice.
5.4.1.2 Protective clothing and equipment are
required to be worn as detailed in the
supplementary regulations.
5.4.1.3 Minimum 4 point harness must be fitted to
the vehicle, as well as a ROPS approved
canopy and side doors or nets, and
5.4.1.4 A fire extinguisher must be located on
board that is readily accessible to both
driver and passenger.
5.4.1.6 Driver and passenger must be able to
comfortably reach all controls, contact
points, hand holds with feet flat on the
floor while firmly harnessed in the seat.
5.4.1.6 Class briefing to include discipline specific
safety information.
5.3
5.5
5.1.1
Administration of Rules
5.1.1.1 These rules are to be administered in
accordance with GCR 2.1.1.
5.1.2
The Licensing and Powers of Officials
5.1.2.1 Key Officials are required to be at least
Level 3.
5.1.2.2 The
powers,
authorities
and
responsibilities of officials controlling
these activities are those in GCR 2.4.
5.1.3
The Appointment of Officials
5.1.3.1 GCR 4.2.5 applies for the appointment of
officials.?
5.2
VENUES - ALTERNATIVE
ACTIVITIES
PERMITS - ALTERNATIVE ACTIVITIES
5.3.0.1 An application for a permit must be in
the prescribed form to the Relevant
Controlling Body and must:
5.3.0.2 Be accompanied by the prescribed fee
and draft Supplementary Regulations,
5.3.0.3 Be submitted at least 2 months before the
date set for the meeting,
5.3.0.4 Be accompanied by evidence that the
Relevant Controlling Body requirements
regarding officials, indemnity forms and
safety will be met,
5.3.0.5 Identify the proposed venue,
5.3.0.6 Include details of all ancillary activities.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
LICENSING OF COMPETITORS ALTERNATIVE ACTIVITIES
5.5.0.1 All competitors must be licensed in
accordance with Chapter 3.
5.6
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ALTERNATIVE ACTIVITIES
5.6.0.1 The technical specifications must be
approved by MA and be included in the
Supplementary Regulations.
5.6.0.2 UTV/SxS are allowed in competitions
only where they do not share the track or
compete with any other type of motorcycle.
During the event, consideration should
be given to relocating track officials
away from track edge and behind safety
fencing.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
6
6 RECREATIONAL MOTORCYCLE ACTIVITY
RECREATIONAL MOTORCYCLE ACTIVITY
6.1PURPOSE
6.1.0.1 The purpose of these rules is to regulate
and control recreational motorcycle
activity which seeks to be sanctioned by
MA. These rules are subject to State
and local legislation requirements.
a) The by-laws are made under
paragraph 2 of the Constitution,
b) The by-laws, and any determination
made under them, and in
accordance with them, bind all
Controlling Bodies and all participants in recreational activity,
c) The by-laws are to be interpreted
with the intent that recreational
activity be safe.
6.2
RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES
6.3
CONTROLLING BODIES:
RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES
6.2.0.1 Recreational activity must not:
6.2.0.2 Be competitive,
6.2.0.3 Involve starts or finishes as defined in
discipline chapters,
6.2.0.4 Be scored,
Note: Recreational use of UTV/SxS in open or
multi-directional traffic areas with other
motorcycles must be controlled by event
officials. Separated use by timing or
designated area, or use of systems such
as corner man or unidirectional traffic
planning are recommended.
6.3.0.1 State Controlling Bodies are responsible
for the administration of these by laws.
6.4
OFFICIALS: RECREATIONAL
ACTIVITIES
6.4.0.1 Officials controlling recreational activity
are required to be licensed, in accordance
with GCR 2.4.
6.4.0.1 The
powers,
authorities
and
responsibilities of officials controlling
recreational activity are those in GCR 2.4.
6.4.1
The Appointment of Officials
6.4.1.1 GCR 4.2.5 applies for the appointment of
officials.
6.5
VENUES: RECREATIONAL
ACTIVITIES
6.5.0.1 Venues for recreational activities are
subject to approval by the Relevant
Controlling Body.
6.6
THE PROMOTION AND CONDUCT
OF RECREATIONAL ACTIVITY
6.6.0.1 Subject to these by-laws, recreational
activity may be promoted or conducted
by:
a) A State Controlling Body,
b) A club,
c) An affiliated Promoter.
6.7
PERMITS: RECREATIONAL
ACTIVITIES
6.7.0.1 No recreational activity may be promoted
or conducted without a Recreational
Permit.
6.7.0.2 An application for a recreational permit
must be in the prescribed form to the
State Controlling Body and must:
a) Be accompanied by the prescribed
fee,
b) Be submitted at least 14 days before
the date set for the meeting,
c) Be accompanied by evidence
that the State Controlling Bodies
requirements regarding officials,
indemnity forms and safety will be
met,
d) Identify the proposed venue,
e) Provide evidence the club is insured
to the satisfaction of the State
Controlling Body.
6.7.0.3 If a meeting does not take place, any fee
paid for the permit must be repaid unless
in the opinion of the State Controlling
Body the meeting did not take place
because of the conduct of the permit
holder. In that event, the State Controlling
Body may withhold the refund wholly or in
part at its discretion.
6.7.0.4 GCR 4.2.4 applies regarding forfeiture of
a permit.
47
6 RECREATIONAL MOTORCYCLE ACTIVITY
6.8ENTRIES
6.8.0.1 A Promoter may invite entries from any
person who holds:
a) A Recreational Licence.
b) A Competition Licence.
6.8.0.2 An entry form must be made available
to all participants by the promoter of
a recreational event and collect the
following details: name, licence number
if applicable, date of birth, machine
details, and participant declaration. All
participants must complete an entry form.
6.8.0.3 A riders briefing either written or verbal
must be provided by the promoter of all
recreational activities for all participants.
6.9
6.9.0.7
LICENSING OF PARTICIPANTS
6.9.0.1 A person may not participate in any
recreational activity unless licensed under
these Rules.
6.9.0.2 Persons being issued with a Recreational
Licence do not need to be a financial
member of a club.
6.9.0.3 An application for a Recreational Licence
must:
a) Be to the State Controlling Body to
which their club is affiliated,
b) Be in the prescribed form,
c) Be accompanied by the prescribed
fee,
d) If the applicant is a minor, be
accompanied by the written
authorisation of at least one of the
applicant’s parents or the legal
guardian of the applicant.
6.9.0.4 An application may be lodged with:
a) The club secretary, or
b) The State Controlling Body, or
c) The Promoter.
6.9.0.5 If the application is lodged with the club
secretary or Promoter and:
a) The club secretary or Promoter
ensures the form is correctly filled in,
b) The prescribed fee is paid and the
applicant must be issued with the
top copy of the application form
which may be issued as proof of
being licence for no more than 14
days from the date the application is
countersigned by the club secretary
48
6.9.0.6
6.9.0.8
6.9.0.9
6.9.0.9
6.9.0.10
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
or Promoter,
c) Relevant officials are satisfied the
applicant can competently control
their motorcycle.
Applications lodged with the club
secretaries or Promoter are to be sent
to the State Controlling Body with the
prescribed fee within 48 hours of them
being counter signed by the club secretary
or Promoter.
On receipt of an application for the issue
or renewal of a Recreational Licence the
State Controlling Body may:
a) Delay the issue or renewal for no
more than 14 days,
b) Refuse to issue or renew the licence,
c) Issue or renew the licence on such
terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
An applicant who is aggrieved by a
decision of the State Controlling Body
under the previous by law may appeal
to the appellate body of that State
Controlling Body.
A State Controlling Body which issues
an Annual Recreational Licence must,
within one month of issue, notify MA
which must enter the information on a
register of licensed recreational riders
maintained for that purpose and kept at
the registered office of MA.
An Annual Recreational Licence continues
in force for 12 months from date of issue.
A recreational licensee must produce
the licence on demand to any key official
during any meeting.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
7
7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
7.1OFFENCES
7.1.1
List of Offences
7.1.1.1 Any promoter, club, licensee, rider,
member or support person, who:
a) Breaches any of these Rules,
Policies or any Supplementary
Regulations,
b) Acts in a manner which is prejudicial
to the sport or breaches the Code of
Conduct,
c) Behaves in an offensive or abusive
manner toward any competitor or
any official exercising authority under
these Rules,
d) Bribes or attempts to bribe, directly
or indirectly, any competitor,
Controlling Body, appellate body or
official exercising authority under
these Rules,
e) Offers, receives or offers to receive,
directly or indirectly, any bribe
in respect of the exercise of any
authority under these Rules,
f) Enters, or attempts to enter, any
ineligible person, body or machine
in any competition or recreational
activity,
g) Acts in a reckless or dangerous
manner while participating,
h) Disobeys the lawful direction, order
or requirement of any Controlling
Body, appellate body, inspector or
official under these Rules,
i) Obstructs or misleads any official in
the exercise of any of the powers
and duties conferred on that official
by these Rules,
j) Assaults any participant or spectator
or any official exercising authority
under these Rules,
k) Without reasonable cause, fails
to participate in a competition for
which entrant fees have been paid
by or on behalf of that person or
body or in the case of Speedway a
competitor who has nominated for
that competition,
l) Does any act, the direct or indirect
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
v)
purpose of which is to breach or
cause to be breached any agreement
between any Promoter, entrant, or
rider in respect of any competition or
recreational event,
Participates in any competition
or recreational event for which
that person or body has failed to
complete an entry form or pay
entrant fees,
Being a Promoter advertises, and/
or programs riders who have not
entered the meeting,
Being a Promoter, club, entrant,
or rider knowingly publishes false
information concerning the results of
any competition,
Promotes, participates in, or
officiates at any competition which is
capable of being sanctioned by MA
but which is not authorized under
these Rules,
Uses other than the prescribed fuel
in any competition,
Fails to comply with the direction of
an authorised official to submit to a
fuel test under these Rules,
Being an entrant causes or permits
the rider entered by the entrant, or
any Support person of that rider not
to comply with these rules
Being a competitor or participating
rider where any of their Support
persons fails to comply with any of
these Rules
Commits a doping offence under
MA’s Anti-Doping Policy,
Being an official who knowingly:
i) Signs a record of measurement
as a personal record when it
was not,
ii) Assists in the promotion or
conduct of any competition
which is not authorised under
these Rules, or
iii) Fails to comply with these Rules,
is liable to be penalised under
these Rules.
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7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
7.1.1.2 Should a Support person breach any rule,
the entrant, rider, licensee or competitor,
may in addition to the Support person
be held responsible and sanctioned in
accordance with these GCRs.
7.1.1.3 Subject to Rule 7.1.1.4, a prosecution
for any alleged offence under Rule
7.1.1.1 committed during the course of a
meeting must:
a) If instituted by the Clerk of Course,
be:
i) Heard and determined by the
Clerk of Course, or
ii) Referred to the Steward, or
b) If instituted by the Steward, be
i) Heard and determined by the
Steward, or
ii) Referred to the Relevant
Controlling Body, or
c) If instituted by a duly appointed
Inspector, be heard and determined
by the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.1.4 A prosecution for any alleged offence
under GCR 7.1.1.1 committed during the
course of a meeting being part of an MA
Series must:
a) If instituted by the Clerk of the
Course, be:
i) Heard and determined by the
Clerk of Course, or
ii) Referred to the Steward, or
b) If instituted by the Race Director; be
referred to the Steward, or
c) If instituted by the Steward, be
i) Heard and determined by the
Steward, or
ii) Referred to the Relevant
Controlling Body, or
d) If instituted by a duly appointed
Inspector, be heard and determined
by the Relevant Controlling Body.
7.1.2
Imposition of Penalties during Events
7.1.2.1 In any event during the course of a
meeting, a Steward or Clerk of Course
may fine, exclude, impose penalty or time
points on, or relegate, any competitor, if:
a) The whole or any part of that
competitor’s machine has left
the track and thereby gained an
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
advantage, unless such action was:
i) For the safety of other
competitors, or
ii) Due to the action of other
competitors,
b) The competitor has gained an
advantage as a result of an
unfair start,
c) The competitor has been guilty of
unfair or unsafe conduct,
d) The competitor receives outside
assistance other than:
i) By a relevant official at the start
of an event, or
ii) In the interests of safety,
e) The competitor’s machine
is dangerous,
f) The competitor’s machine does not
comply with the requirements of
these Rules or any supplementary
regulations,
g) The competitor has unreasonably
refused to submit to a medical test
required by the Steward under
these Rules,
h) The competitor, or the competitor’s
team, has breached the refueling
Rule.
7.1.2.2 For the purposes of GCR 7.1.2.1, outside
assistance includes radio communication,
provided that supplementary regulations
may permit outside assistance.
7.1.2.3 No person may protest against, or appeal
from, a decision to impose a penalty
during an event.
7.1.2.4 For the purpose of this GCR a decision
does not operate as such unless and until
it is notified to the competitor affected by
it or to that competitor’s team, providing
such notification is practicable within the
context of the event.
7.1.3
Hearing and Determination of Charges
during Meetings
7.1.3.1 In any proceeding relating to the imposition
of penalties for offences committed during
the course of a meeting:
a) The Steward or Clerk of Course:
i) May act on their own initiative,
ii) May act on such information and
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
in such manner as they think
fit having regard to the conduct
for which a penalty is to be
imposed,
iii) Must, in respect of all
prosecutions other than those
under GCR 7.3.2, conduct a
hearing,
iv) Must, as soon as practicable
after determining the penalty,
inform the person, rider or
competitor and the competitor’s
team of the penalty imposed,
and
v) May not impose any fine greater
than the maximum prescribed in
by-laws.
b) No person may be represented by a
legal practitioner.
7.1.4Inspectors
7.1.4.1 A Controlling Body may, by written
authority, appoint Inspectors.
7.1.4.2 The powers and duties of Inspectors are:
a) To institute prosecutions for
offences under these Rules other
than offences alleged to have been
committed by competitors during the
course of an event, and
b) To collect and collate evidence
reasonably required for the
preparation of any prosecutions
under these Rules, and to present
such evidence to the Relevant
Controlling Body,
c) To investigate the conduct
of meetings and make
recommendations to the Relevant
Controlling Body.
7.1.4.3 In performing duties under these Rules,
an Inspector:
a) May ask questions and give
directions as reasonably required,
b) Must comply with all directions of
any appellate body, and
c) Must maintain proper and accurate
records of all investigations
undertaken and any proceedings
arising there from.
7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
7.1.5Charges
7.1.5.1 Charges for offences under these Rules,
other than by Stewards, Race Director or
Clerks of Course may only be instituted by
Inspectors.
7.1.5.2 In relation to any charge instituted by an Inspector:
a) The offence will not be taken to
have been committed unless proved
to the satisfaction of the Relevant
Controlling Body,
b) The person charged may be
represented by a legal practitioner
or other advocate or may be
unrepresented,
c) The person charged may:
i) Give evidence,
ii) Call any witness,
iii) Produce any exhibit, or
iv) Remain silent, and no adverse
inference may be drawn from the
exercise of the right of silence.
d) The Relevant Controlling Body must:
i) Deliver written reasons for the
finding to the person charged,
whether of guilty or innocent,
and any penalty imposed.
e) The Relevant Controlling Body may
refer charges to its appellate body.
7.1.6Penalties
7.1.6.1 In imposing any penalty, the Steward,
Clerk of Course, Relevant Controlling
Body or the appellate body must have
regard to the following principles:
a) No penalty should be imposed
unless and until the offender has
been given the opportunity to make
representations as to the nature and
extent of the penalty,
b) In ordinary circumstances a single
penalty should be imposed for a
single offence,
c) The punishment for an offence
should be commensurate with the
gravity and effects of the offence,
d) The interests of the sport
are paramount,
e) The severity of penalties imposed
on an individual should increase if
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7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
7.1.6.2
7.1.6.3
7.1.6.4
7.1.6.5
7.1.6.6
52
that individual continues to commit
offences against these Rules,
f) Mitigating factors put by, or on behalf
of an offender, must be taken into
account, as must the effects on
others of the actions of the offender.
The Clerk of Course may impose the
following penalties for any offence
committed under these Rules:
a) A reprimand,
b) A fine no greater than $1,000,
c) Relegation,
d) Exclusion.
e) Removal or ejection from the venue
The Steward may impose the following
penalties for any offence committed under
these Rules:
a) A reprimand,
b) A fine no greater than $2,000,
c) Relegation,
d) Exclusion,
e) Suspension of no more than six (6)
months.
f) Removal or ejection from the venue
The Relevant Controlling Body may
impose the following penalties for any
offence committed under these Rules:
a) A reprimand,
b) A fine no greater than $7,000,
c) Relegation,
d) Exclusion,
e) Suspension of no more than 24
months.
The Relevant Controlling Body may
determine a period during which a licence
will not be issued to persons falsely
completing a licence declaration under
GCR 3.1.1.9. b).
An appellate body may impose the
following penalties for any offence
committed under these Rules:
a) A reprimand,
b) A fine no greater than $10,000,
c) Relegation,
d) Exclusion,
e)Suspension,
f) Disqualification.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
7.1.6.7 In imposing a penalty under these Rules
an appellate body may:
a) Fix a time for payment of any fine,
b) Suspend the operation of any
penalty unconditionally or subject to
terms and conditions,
c) Fix a time for the commencement
of any penalty, but in the absence
of such fixing, the penalty will
commence from the moment of its
pronouncement,
d) Impose such conditions as are in the
circumstances just and expedient,
e) Require the offender to deliver any
document, record, material, object,
piece of equipment, machine or
thing as is reasonably necessary
to ensure:
i) That the penalty is carried into
full force and effect,
ii) That all persons or bodies
affected are made aware of the
penalty, and
iii) That any consequential orders
or directions are complied with.
f) Make such consequential orders
or directions as the appellate body
considers necessary and reasonable
for the full and effectual operation of
the penalty. 7.1.6.8 Unless otherwise ordered:
a) Every decision of an appellate body
will take effect from the moment of
pronouncement of the penalty,
b) The operation of a decision of an
appellate body will be suspended
upon the lodging of a notice of
appeal against the decision.
7.1.7
Penalties: Juniors
7.1.7.1 The Steward may fine or exclude any
junior competitor for the actions of the
agents or parents of the competitor.
7.1.8
Default Penalties
7.1.8.1 Any person or body having power to
impose any fine under these Rules must
fix a time within which the fine is to be
paid.
7.1.8.2 An Relevant Controlling Body may
impose, as a penalty in default of payment
of the fine within that time, a penalty of
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
suspension or disqualification, which may
be double the period the payment of the
fine was in default.
7.1.9
Tests for Prohibited Substances
7.1.9.1 A person who commits a doping offence
contrary to the MA Anti-Doping Policy
will be sanctioned by MA in accordance
with that policy which is published in this
manual.
7.1.9.2 For the purposes of this GCR:
a) A State Controlling Body may, by
instrument in writing, delegate to MA
its authority to administer tests under
this GCR, and in that case, MA
will be deemed to be the Relevant
Controlling Body in relation to the
administration of tests,
b) The Relevant Controlling Body is
responsible for the receipt of the
results of tests.
7.1.10 Prohibited Substances
7.1.10.1 Refer to the World Anti-Doping Agency
(WADA) Prohibited List under Chapter 25
for prohibited substances.
7.1.11Fines
7.1.11.1 Fines are payable to the Relevant
Controlling Body.
7.1.12 Suspension and Disqualification
7.1.12.1 An order for suspension of any person or
body will operate throughout the period
thereof so as to prevent that person or
body from participating in any competition
or recreational event.
7.1.12.2 An order for suspension or disqualification
from competition may operate so as to
prevent from participation in competition
a machine or machines of a particular
manufacturer provided that no such order
may be made unless the appellate body
is satisfied that the offence or offences
leading to the making of the order were
committed with the knowledge, or at the
instigation, of the manufacturer or the
manufacturer’s agent.
7.1.12.3 Any person or body who is the subject of:
a) An order of exclusion, or
b) An order for suspension or
disqualification for any offence
committed at, connected with, or
7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
arising from, any competition; is
liable to forfeit the right to receive or
retain any award, trophy or prize in
respect of that competition.
7.1.12.4 If any penalty imposed alters the result of
any competition, the Relevant Controlling
Body must, as soon as practicable after
being notified of the penalty, alter the
record of that competition so as to reflect
the alteration
7.2PROTESTS
7.2.1
Right of Protest
7.2.1.1 With the exception of penalties imposed
during an event any entrant or competitor
may protest:
a) Against a decision to reject an
application by a competition
licence holder to compete in any
competition,
b) Against a decision, action or
determination of any official,
c) Against the action or conduct of any
other competitor, entrant, mechanic
or team member during the course of
any event.
7.2.1.2 Any protest must:
a) Be in writing,
b) Be accompanied by the prescribed
fee of $70 which will be refunded
if the protest is upheld, or if not
must be remitted to the Relevant
Controlling Body,
c) Be made to a Steward of the relevant
meeting,
d) Comply with the following time limits:
i) For a protest under sub-Rules a)
and b) of the previous Rule, as
soon as practicable after being
informed of the decision,
ii) For a protest under sub-Rule c)
of the previous Rule, no more
than 30 minutes after the action
or conduct,
iii) For a protest under sub-Rule c)
in a Speedway or Supercross
meeting, no more than five
(5) minutes after the action or
conduct.
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7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
7.2.2
Protest Hearings
7.2.2.1 A Steward must hear and determine any
protest and must notify the outcome to
the protester, and any person materially
affected, within a reasonable time.
7.2.2.2 A Steward may refer any question raised
in any protest, or the protest itself, to the
relevant appellate body and must:
a) Notify such referral to the protester,
and to any person materially affected
by the protest,
b) Provide to the appellate body all
evidence and exhibits submitted
to the Steward in relation to that
protest,
c) Comply with all directions and
instructions of the appellate body.
7.2.2.3 In hearing and determining any protest, a
Steward may:
a) Direct any reasonable alteration or
modification to any course,
b) Alter or amend any program,
c) Overrule, vary or amend any
decision or direction of an official,
d) Substitute for any decision of an
official, the decision of the Steward
with or without conditions,
e) Give such directions, instructions or
orders as the Steward thinks fit for
the efficient and fair conduct of any
competition,
f) Alter, vary or amend the result of, or
prize for, any competition,
g) Do whatever is necessary for the
proper consideration of the protest.
7.2.2.4 In hearing and determining any protest,
a Steward must apply the following
principles:
a) The protester and any person
materially affected or likely to be
so affected by the outcome of the
protest must be notified of the protest
and the time and place fixed for the
hearing,
b) The determination of the protest
must be in writing and published
to the protester and any person
affected by the determination,
c) The principles of natural justice must
apply,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
d) The protester and any person
materially affected or likely to be
so affected by the determination
may not be represented by a legal
practitioner,
e) The Steward is not bound by the
rules of evidence and may be
informed of facts in such manner as
the Steward thinks fit,
f) The Steward must determine the
protest according to equity, good
conscience and the substantial
merits of the case,
g) Unless otherwise ordered, every
decision made by a Steward will
take effect from the moment of
pronouncement of the decision.
7.2.3
Protests - Engines
7.2.3.1 If an engine is measured for the purposes
of a protest, the protesting party must
submit a $500 bond. This bond will be
refunded in full if the measured engine is
found to be illegal. If the measured engine
is found to be legal any reasonable costs
in reassembly up to a maximum of $500
will be deducted and the remaining bond
returned to the protesting party.
7.2.4
Protests - Juniors
7.2.4.1 In addition to the Rules regulating the
making of protests in all competitions,
Juniors must comply with the following:
a) A protest may only be made by a
competitor,
b) The competitor must indicate the
protest to an official prior to returning
to the pits,
c) The Clerk of Course must designate
an area, to be announced at the
riders’ briefing and to be marked by a
purple flag, where an official must
be present to note any indications of
protest,
d) No discussion on the content of the
protest may take place at the marked
position,
e) A competitor who indicates a protest
must return to the pits and present
the protest to the Clerk of Course.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
7.3
APPELLATE BODIES
7.3.1
The Appointment of Appellate Bodies
7.3.1.1 Each Controlling Body must appoint a
suitably qualified person or persons as
an appellate body. A person is suitably
qualified if:
a) In the case of an appellate body
consisting of one member, that
person is an admitted practitioner of
the Supreme Court of any State or
Territory of Australia, or
b) In the case of an appellate body of
three members, the chair is held
by an admitted practitioner of the
Supreme Court of any State or
Territory of Australia and the other
members have knowledge of, and
experience in, any aspect of the
sport.
7.3.1.2 No person may sit as a member of an
appellate body, hearing any appeal, if that
person has an interest in the outcome of
the appeal.
7.3.2
Hearings by Appellate Bodies
7.3.2.1 An appellate body must hear and
determine each appeal and in so doing:
a) Is not bound by the rules of
evidence,
b) May inform itself in such manner as
it thinks fit,
c) Must act according to equity, good
conscience and the substantial
merits of the case,
d) May affirm, quash or vary the
decision appealed against in
such manner and subject to such
conditions as it thinks fit,
e) May not impose any fine greater
than that prescribed in by-laws,
f) Must publish reasons for its decision,
g) May, at its discretion, award such
costs to any party as it thinks fit.
7.3.2.2 An appellate body may not direct that an
event be re-run.
7.3.3
Decisions by Appellate Bodies
7.3.3.1 Unless otherwise ordered:
a) Every decision made by an appellate
body will take effect from the
moment of pronouncement of the
decision,
7 OFFENCES, PROTESTS AND APPEALS
b) The operation of a decision of an
appellate body will be suspended
upon the lodging of a notice of
appeal against the decision.
7.4APPEALS
7.4.1
Right to Appeal
7.4.1.1 A person or body having a material
interest in a decision of:
a) A Steward or jury arising from a
protest, or
b) A Key Official of a recreational
event, or
c) A specialist sub-committee may
appeal to the appellate body of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
7.4.1.2 A person or body, including a Steward of
a meeting, having a material interest in a
decision of a State Controlling Body or
the appellate body of an State Controlling
Body, may appeal to the appellate body
of MA.
7.4.2
Commencement of Appeals
7.4.2.1 Appeals must be commenced by notice of
appeal which must be:
a) In writing and signed by the
appellant,
b) Lodged with the relevant appellate
body, and
c) Accompanied by the prescribed
filing fee of $1000 for National
Championship series and $500 for
State permitted events.
7.4.3
Time Limits for Appeals
7.4.3.1 The time for lodging a notice of appeal
is 21 days after the decision has been
notified to the appellant.
7.4.3.2 An appellate body may extend the time for
lodging a notice of appeal if it considers
that it is just and equitable so to do.
7.4.3.3 Unless otherwise directed by the
appellate body, appeals must be heard
and determined no more than four (4)
months after lodgement of the notice of
appeal.
55
8 JUDICIAL COMMITTEE GUIDELINES
8
8.1
JUDICIAL COMMITTEE GUIDELINES
MA HEARING GUIDELINES
8.1.1
Composition of the Committee
8.1.1.1 The Judicial Committee is the National
appellate tribunal of MA.
8.1.1.2 Appointed members of the Committee
must be either:
a) A qualified lawyer; or
b) A person with appropriately
extensive knowledge of, and
experience in the sport.
8.1.1.3 The Committee’s President must be a
qualified lawyer.
8.1.1.4 The Committee sits either as a:
a) Panel of up to three members
chaired by a lawyer; or
b) Committee of one who must be a
lawyer.
8.1.1.5 Matters generally come before the
Committee either as:
a) Appeals from State appellate
tribunals.
b) Appeals from protest hearings,
conducted by Stewards or juries,
where the event is National or is part
of a National series; or
c) As disputed questions on the
interpretation of the GCRs.
8.1.2
Notice of Appeal
8.1.2.1 When considering lodging an appeal to
the Committee. It is important to note:
a) The Notice of Appeal must be lodged
at the MA office in Melbourne.
b) The time limit for the lodging of the
Notice is 21 days from the date of
the written notification of the decision
being appealed.
c) The Notice must be accompanied by
the prescribed lodging fee.
d) There is no particular setting out or
style required, however, the Notice
should specify:
i) The person or body whose
decision is being challenged;
ii) The date and place of the
decision;
iii) What the decision was;
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
iv) A short outline (preferably in
point form) of why the decision is
said to be wrong.
8.1.2.2 A copy of the Notice of Appeal should
be posted to the person or body whose
decision is being challenged.
8.1.3
Conduct of Hearings
8.1.3.1 Hearings are usually, but not always, held
in Melbourne. Interstate telephone hookups are used on occasions.
8.1.3.2 Hearings are normally conducted on a
mid-week evening from 1900 hours. They
are scheduled, as far as is possible, as
the parties’ request.
8.1.3.3 Hearings generally last 2-3 hours.
8.1.3.4 Parties to an appeal can present their
own case may choose to be represented
by a lawyer, or they may choose to be
represented by a person who, though not
a lawyer, is familiar with their case and
who can explain it to the Committee.
8.1.3.5 About one third of appellants have legal
representation, another third had nonlegal representation – and the other third
presented their case themselves.
8.1.3.6 Typically, the parties are notified in writing
of the Committee’s decision within 10 to
14 days of the hearing.
8.1.3.7 Written reasons for the Committee’s
decision accompany the decision itself.
Where the Committee sits as a panel
it arrives at one decision, i.e. it does
not produce a majority decision and a
dissenting minority decision.
8.1.3.8 When a hearing has concluded there can
be no further communication between the
parties and the Committee.
8.1.3.9 If a party loses an appeal, any request it
may make of the Committee to reconsider
its decision will be ignored.
8.1.3.10 Enquiries and requests about the
scheduling of hearings should be directed
to the MA office.
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9 NATIONAL PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE
9 NATIONAL PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE
9.1
SUMMARY OF POLICY COVERAGE
9.1.0.1 The following is a summary of the policy coverage. Reference should be made to policy documents
for specific details of coverage, terms and conditions. The terms and conditions of the policies will
prevail.
9.1.0.2 Covering all: Competitors, Organisers, Officials, Marshals, Licence holders, Members, Volunteers,
Employees, Directors and Committee members of or associated with Motorcycling Australia and
its State bodies whilst competing, engaged in, and/or attending racing events, practice sessions,
functions and other activities officially organised by/or on the business of Motorcycling Australia and
its State bodies. Cover includes travel directly to and from such events from their place of work or
domicile.
9.1.0.3 A claim for the benefits provided must be made within 12 months from the date the injury was
suffered.
9.1.0.4 Situation - Anywhere in Australia
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
CLAIM
AWARD
Quadriplegia or paraplegia
$150,000
Death
- Under 18 years of age
$10,000
- If under 18 years of age with full time employment
$75,000
- All other Insured Persons
$75,000
Third degree burns and/or resultant disfigurement which covers more than 40% of the entire external body
$50,000
Permanent Total Disablement
$50,000
Permanent and Incurable Insanity
$50,000
Permanent Total Loss of Sight of Both Eyes
$50,000
Permanent and Incurable Paralysis of all Limbs
$50,000
Permanent Total Loss of Sight of One Eye
$50,000
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of one limb
$50,000
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of two limbs
$50,000
Permanent Total Loss of Hearing in:
a) Both Ears
$37,500
b) One Ear
$7,500
Permanent Total Loss of the Lens of One Eye
$25,000
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of 4 fingers and thumb of either hand
$35,000
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of 4 fingers of either hand
$20,000
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of 4 fingers of either hand:
a) Both Joints
$15,000
b) One Joint
$7,500
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of fingers of either hand:
a) Three Joints
$5,000
b) Two Joints
$3,750
c) One Joint
$2,500
Loss of or the Permanent Total Loss of use of toes and disablement of foot:
a) All-one Foot
$7,500
b) Great-both Joints
$2,500
c) Great-one Joint
$1,500
d) Other than great toe, each toe
$500
Fractured leg or patella with established non-union
$5,000
Shortening of leg by at least 5cm
$3,700
Permanent Disability not otherwise provided for under Insured Events 3 to 19 inclusive. Such percentage of the
Sum Insured as the insurer shall in its absolute discretion determine and being in its opinion not inconsistent with
the benefits provided under Insured Events 3 to 19 inclusive.
Funeral expenses
$2,000
Non-Medicare medical expenses
$5,000
Emergency transport costs for Officials, Marshalls and Volunteers
$10,000
Out of pocket expenses for Officials and volunteers (as defined by the policy)
$1,000
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9 NATIONAL PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
WEEKLY BENEFITS
25
Weekly Accident Benefits for Marshals and officials who are Income Earners
26.
Home Help Weekly Benefit
27
Student Tutorial Weekly Benefit
PARENTS’ INCONVENIENCE ALLOWANCE
28
Parents’ Inconvenience Allowance – per day
Up to a maximum of
9.2
CAPITAL BENEFITS
9.3
WEEKLY BENEFITS
9.2.0.1 Injury as defined resulting solely and
directly and independently of any other
cause in:
9.3.0.1 Weekly Benefits Excess: 30 days.
9.3.0.2 Weekly Benefit Period: 104 weeks
maximum.
9.4DEFINITIONS
9.4.1
Home Help Weekly Benefit
9.4.1.1 The insurer will pay for the cost of hiring
help and/or child minding services
reasonably and necessarily incurred by
an Insured Person as a result of injury
from an insured event causing temporary
total disablement. Provided that:
a) Such child minding services and
nursing help are carried out by
persons other than members of the
Insured Person’s family or other
relatives or persons permanently
living with the Insured Person.
b) Such child minding services and help
are certified by a legally qualified
medical practitioner as being
necessary for the recovery of the
Insured Person.
c) Payments will commence from the
14th day of treatment by a legally
qualified medical practitioner.
9.4.2
Student Tutorial Weekly Benefit
9.4.2.1 In respect of unmarried dependent
children, the insurer will pay the cost of
hiring home tutoring services reasonably
and necessarily incurred by an Insured
Person as a result of injury from an
insured event causing temporary total
disablement.
Provided that:
a) The Insured Person is registered as
a full-time student.
58
$500
$250
$250
$50
$1,500
b) Such home tutoring services are
carried out by persons other than
members of the Insured Person’s
family or other relatives or persons
who are full-time students.
c) Payments will commence from the
14th day of treatment by a legally
qualified medical practitioner.
9.4.3
Parents’ Inconvenience Allowance
9.4.3.1 The insurer will pay up to $15 per day to
a maximum of $1,500 for reimbursement
of expenses incurred for travelling,
child minding or other out-of-pocket
expenses incurred whilst an insured child
is hospitalised arising from an insured
event.
9.4.4
Total Disablement
9.4.4.1 Total disablement means disablement
which entirely prevents an Insured Person
from attending to business or occupation
of any and every kind other than
motorcycling, or if the Insured Person
has no business or occupation other
than motorcycling, from engaging in an
occupation for which the Insured Person
is reasonably qualified by education,
training or experience.
9.4.5
Non Medicare Medical Expenses
9.4.5.1 Reasonable
medical
expenses
necessarily incurred by an Insured Person
as a result of injury(s) that are:
a) not subject to any full or partial
Medicare rebate or benefit,
b) incurred within twelve calendar
months of the Insured Person
sustaining the injury;
c) for treatment certified necessary by
a qualified medical practitioner (other
than the Insured Person) and shall
include:
i) Expenses incurred for
treatment by a physiotherapist,
chiropractor, osteopath,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
9 NATIONAL PERSONAL ACCIDENT INSURANCE
specialist surgeon or any similar
provider of medical services;
ii) Cost of medical supplies not
otherwise insured;
iii) Dental treatment, provided
such treatment is necessary
as a result of the injury, and is
to otherwise sound and natural
teeth, excluding first teeth and
dentures.
Private health service costs e.g. hospital/
surgery are not covered under the Motorcycling
Australia Personal Accident Insurance policy.
Unless you have private health Insurance, do not
commit to private hospital/medical service costs.
Any questions can be referred to or sought from
Proclaim on
(03) 9211 3604.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10
ROAD RACE
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
SECTION 10A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
10.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN ROAD RACE CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
10.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN ROAD RACE CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
10.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 62
SECTION 10B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63
10.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63
10.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63
SECTION 10C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63
10.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 63
10.7 ELIGIBILITY: ROAD BIKE FREESTYLE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64
10.8 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 64
10.9 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65
10.10 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65
10.11 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 65
10.12 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 68
10.13 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN SUPERBIKE CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .. .. 72
SECTION 10D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 72
10.15FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 72
10.16ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 72
10.17 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 73
SECTION 10E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SOLO CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 75
10.18SUPERBIKE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 75
10.19SUPERSPORT .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 76
10.20 SUPERSTOCK 1000 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 78
10.21PRODUCTION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 79
10.22MOTO3 .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 81
10.23 125CC GP CLASS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 83
10.24 250 GP MONO.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 84
SECTION 10F: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 85
10.25 ALL CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 85
10.26 FORMULA ONE SIDECARS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 85
10.27 FORMULA TWO SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 87
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10 ROAD RACE
SECTION 10G: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 89
10.28 JUNIOR 70CC SOLO.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 89
10.29 JUNIOR 85CC SOLO.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 90
10.30 JUNIOR 160CC SOLO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91
SECTION 10H: MINIMOTO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91
10.31 COMPETITION RULES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91
10.32 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91
10.33 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 91
10.34ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 92
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10 ROAD RACE
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the discipline
of Road Race.
Everything that is not authorised and prescribed in
this chapter is strictly prohibited.
SECTION 10A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
10.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN ROAD RACE
CHAMPIONSHIPS
SENIOR ROAD RACE
Superbike
Supersport
Moto3, 125 GP & 250 GP Mono
Supersport 300 Up to 300cc Production
Over 300cc Production
Women - Up to 300cc Production
Sidecars F1
Sidecars F2
10.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN ROAD RACE
CHAMPIONSHIPS
AGE RANGE
12 to under 16
12 to under 16
62
CAPACITY/CLASS
85cc 2-stroke
Up to 160cc 4-stroke
10.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
10.3.1 Individual Competitions
10.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
10.3.2 All Competitions
10.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
10.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
the Australian Road Race Championships
where there are:
a) 15 or more starters for Senior solo
classes who actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races,
b) 10 or more starters for Junior solo
classes who actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races,
c) 10 or more starters for sidecar
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races.
10.3.3 Duke of Edinburgh Trophies
10.3.3.1 The Duke of Edinburgh Trophies will be
inscribed each year with the names of the
winners of the highest capacity solo and
sidecar Australian Championship for the
following:
a) Australian Superbike Championship
Series: Superbike, and
b) Australian Sidecar Championship:
F1.
10.3.3.2 The trophies will be held by MA.
10 ROAD RACE
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 10B: COMPETITION CLASSES
SECTION 10C: COMPETITION RULES
10.4
10.6
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS
CAPACITY
Superbike
1000cc four cylinder 4-stroke
1300cc two cylinder 4-stroke
Supersport
600cc four cylinder 4-stroke
675cc three cylinder 4-stroke
750cc two cylinder 4-stroke
Superstock
1000
1000cc four cylinder 4-stroke
1300cc two cylinder 4-stroke
Moto3
250cc single cylinder 4-stroke
125GP
125cc single cylinder 2-stroke
250 Mono
250cc single cylinder 4-stroke
250/300/500
Production
250/300/500cc single or twin
cylinder 4-stroke:
Capacity and configuration as per
supplementary regulations
Formula One
Sidecar
Up to 1000cc, up to four cylinder
4-stroke
Formula Two
Sidecar
1000cc two cylinder 4-stroke
600cc four cylinder 4-stroke
10.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
7 to under 10
Up to 50cc Auto
9 to under 12
Up to 50cc Manual
9 to under 12
Up to 70cc Manual
12 to under 16
Up to 85cc 2-stroke &
160cc 4-stroke Manual
13 to under 16
125GP, 250 GP Mono, Moto3,
250/300/500 Production
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
10.6.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, other than an Australian
Championship, unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
10.6.0.2 No person may participate in an Australian
Championship unless and until:
a) That person’s protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that meeting, or
b) If stipulated in supplementary
regulations, the person provides
the Scrutineer with a signed
checklist that the protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
self-scrutineered.
10.6.0.3At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
10.6.0.4 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
10.6.0.5 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
10.6.0.6 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
10.6.1 Electric Machines
10.6.1.1 Electric machines are eligible to compete
in Road Racing. These machine are only
eligible to compete in their own class with
other electric machines. Electric machine
classes must be defined in supplementary
regulations and approved by the Relevant
Controlling Body.
63
10 ROAD RACE
10.7
ELIGIBILITY: ROAD BIKE
FREESTYLE
10.7.1Road
Bike
Freestyle
Licence
Conditions
10.7.1.1 No person may participate in Road Bike
Freestyle unless they:
a) Are at least 18 years of age,
b) Have a current MA Senior National
Competition licence endorsed for
Road Bike Freestyle by the Relevant
Controlling Body,
c) Wear the required protective clothing/
equipment as per GCR 10.10
10.7.1.2To gain a Road Bike Freestyle
endorsement, a rider must:
a) Have a MA Senior National
Competition licence,
b) Successfully complete the MA
competency assessment for Road
Bike Freestyle conducted by an
assessor approved by MA.
10.7.1.3 A person with this endorsement can only
perform at MA approved events.
10.7.1.4 The endorsing assessor/coach must:
a) Reach the requirements set by MA to
endorse Road Bike Freestyle,
b) Have a minimum Level 1 Coaching
Accreditation and Licence.
10.7.2 Road Bike Freestyle Machine Eligibility
10.7.2.1 Any size machine is acceptable for Road
Bike Freestyle.
10.8
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
10.8.0.1Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
10.8.0.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
10.8.0.3 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
10.8.0.4 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
10.8.0.5 Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
10.8.0.6 Subject to the following two GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
10.8.0.7 Age group racing:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), only
competitors in the same age groups
may compete against each other,
b) Competitors from different age
groups in the following classes may
compete with each other if there are
insufficient entries for each class:
i) 85cc 2-stroke and 100cc to
150cc 4-stroke single cylinder,
ii) 100cc to 150cc single cylinder
and 250cc 4-stroke.
10.8.0.8 A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
10.8.0.9 Subject to GCR 10.8.0.2 and 10.8.0.3,
Competitors aged 13 to under 16 years
in the Road Race discipline may compete
in other than a Junior competition if that
competition is:
a) 125cc GP class,
b) 250 Mono class,
c) Moto3 class,
d) 250/300/500 Production class.
10.8.0.10Competitors aged 13 to under 16 years
may participate in classes listed in GCR
10.8.0.9, provided the following conditions
are met:
a) The State Controlling Body is
satisfied of their competence,
b) The competitor obtains a licence
endorsement for Road Racing only,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) The competitor competes in the
classes listed in GCR 13.8.0.9
or in combined classes with
similar performing machines e.g.
250/300/500cc Production, 400cc
4-stroke.
10.8.0.11
State legislation will override GCR
10.8.0.9 where applicable.
10.8.1
10.8.1.1
•
•
•
Junior Road Race Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
Up to 85cc 2-stroke / 160cc 4-stroke
125cc 2-stroke / 250cc 4-stroke
Road Race 13 to under 16 race with
Seniors
10.9
GENERAL RULES
10.9.1Homologation
10.9.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
10.9.2Cameras
10.9.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design of
the manufacturer.
10.10
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
10.10.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Road Racing competition
unless wearing the protective clothing
and equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
10.11
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
10.11.1 Number Plates
10.11.1.1For Road Racing a minimum of two
allocated numbers and number plates are
required:
a) One on the front, either in the centre
of the fairing or slightly off to one
side,
b) One across the top of the rear seat
section with the top of the number
facing toward the rider.
10 ROAD RACE
10.11.1.2Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm thickness, have
rolled or wire edges,
b) In the case of rectangular plates,
have corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
c) In the case of bolt-on number
plates, be made of rigid material
with minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
d) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
10.11.1.3Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm border.
10.11.1.4If used, side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle on faired
machines, be placed on the fairing
flanks in a position where they are
not obscured by the riders legs, or in
the mid to rear section of the lower
fairing (belly pan),
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest, on unfaired machines be
located behind the rider in a position
where they are not obscured by a
seated rider and do not present a
safety hazard,
c) These numbers must be the same
size as the front numbers.
10.11.1.5Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
10.11.1.6Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
number plate background and the riders’
name by either gap or a contrasting colour
strip, unless the advertising is an integral
part of the back plate cover.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.11.2 Number Plate Colours
10.11.2.1Number plate colours for Senior and
Junior competition must be as follows:
SENIOR CAPACITY
or CLASS
Up to 125cc
126cc to 250cc
251cc to 350cc
351cc to 500cc
501cc to 750cc
501cc to 750cc
751cc and over
751cc and over
Australian Superbike
Up to 500cc Sidecar
Over 500cc Sidecar
Formula Two
Sidecar
JUNIOR CAPACITY
or CLASS
Up to 70cc
70cc and over
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
Black
Dark Green
Mid Blue
Canary Yellow
White
White
White
Mail Box Red
White
Canary Yellow
White
FIGURE
COLOUR
White
White
White
Black
Black
Blue
Black
White
Black
Black
Black
Mail Box Red
White
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
Canary Yellow
Black
FIGURE
COLOUR
Black
White
10.11.2.2Additional colour combinations may be
used, at the discretion of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
10.11.2.3Australian Superbikes may use any
contrasting colour on side number plates
providing they are legible at 20 metres.
Fig 10.11
Sample and
Dimensions
of Number
Plate Figures
[minimums]
10.11.3 Number Plate Figures
10.11.3.1Unless
otherwise
specified
in
supplementary regulations, Road Race
discipline number figures must be Arial
Rounded MT Bold font or one of the
fonts outlined in GCR 10.11.5; in all
fonts used the serif on number ‘1’ may be
shortened or removed but not extended.
10.11.3.2Figures must be clearly legible, the
minimum being:
DIMENSION
Height
Width of each figure
75
Width of stroke
25
Space between 2 figures
25
Space between figures
and edge of number panel
12
10.11.4 Junior Number Plates
10.11.4.1Number plates for Juniors must be as
follows:
a) A minimum plate size of 225mm
width and 200mm height,
b) Figures with minimum sizes of
100mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
28
75mm
12 mm
140mm
25 mm
MEASUREMENT (mm)
140
75mm
Arial
Rounded
MT Bold
font
1234567890
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10 ROAD RACE
10.11.5 Approved FIM fonts
67
10 ROAD RACE
10.12
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
10.12.1 Flags and Signals
10.12.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
10.12.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Track Flags & Signals.
10.12.2 Measurement at Meetings
10.12.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
10.12.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
10.12.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
10.12.3.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
10.12.3.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the Measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the Measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
10.12.3.3The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional;
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
10.12.3.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a Measurer. All Measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event.
10.12.3.5No prize monies may be paid until
Measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
10.12.4Venues
10.12.4.1Road Racing venues will be licensed by
MA.
10.12.5Qualifying
10.12.5.1Unless otherwise provided for in the
supplementary regulations, qualifying for
starting grid positions must be held.
10.12.5.2For events consisting of more than
one race, starting grid positions will be
determined by the following methods:
a) For the first race, by qualifying time,
b) Subject to the supplementary
regulations, for a subsequent race in
the same event, by qualifying order
or by the order of finishing in the
immediately preceding race.
10.12.5.3In the absence of qualifying the Clerk
of Course must allocate starting grid
positions.
10.12.5.4Subject to the supplementary regulations,
the Clerk of Course may permit to start
any competitor who has not qualified to
start.
10.12.6Starts
10.12.6.1All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
ii) The pit lane,
iii) The rear of the field, or
iv) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
10.12.6.2
The method of starting will be as
prescribed by supplementary regulations.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.12.6.3The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
b) For flying starts, when the starting
line is crossed.
10.12.7 Starting Grid Format: Solo
10.12.7.1The starting grid format for solo machines
will be as follows:
a) The fastest qualifying machine will
occupy pole position which will be
in the front row on the opposite side
of the track from the direction of the
first corner,
b) The remaining machines will be
arranged on the grid in descending
order of qualifying times,
c) All machines must start within their
nominated grid position parallel to
track direction.
10.12.7.2For grid formations please refer to the
relevant MA track specifications.
10.12.8 Starting Grid Format: Sidecars
10.12.8.1The starting grid format for sidecars will
be as follows:
a) The fastest qualifying machine will
occupy pole position which will be
in the front row on the opposite side
of the track from the direction of the
first corner,
b) The remaining machines will be
arranged on the grid in descending
order of qualifying times.
10.12.8.2The grid formation details and dimensions
for sidecar competition can be found in
the relevant MA track specifications.
10.12.9 Jump Starts
10.12.9.1Each machine must remain stationary
within its grid position until the start signal
is given.
10.12.9.2A jump start occurs when there is any
movement from the machine or the
machine is not in its nominated grid
position when the field is in the starters
control prior to the start signal being
shown.
10.12.10Finishes
10.12.10.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
b)
c)
d)
e)
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance,
• Is still competing in the
event on the lap in which the
chequered flag is displayed
to the winner, with the
sequence of completion
of the event being the
determinant of placings.
The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 10.12.10.1 a),
The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
Where there are two competitors
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
10.12.11 Juniors: Starts and Finishes
10.12.11.1
In addition to the general start
requirements for all competitors, Juniors
must comply as follows:
a) When assembled for the start of
an event, and during the event, no
competitor may receive outside
assistance other than at the direction
of the Steward, the Clerk of Course
or the Starter,
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10 ROAD RACE
b) Pit board signals may be used for
Junior Road Race,
c) When the number of competitors
exceeds one full grid:
i) Elimination heats must be held
which may include semi-finals,
ii) The Relevant Controlling Body
may direct that events be
decided by a Final or Finals,
consisting of a number of
rounds.
10.12.12 Stopping Events
10.12.12.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
10.12.12.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident,
could not continue in the event.
10.12.13 Stopping and Re-Running Events
10.12.13.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
may declare the event void and order a
re-run.
10.12.13.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
b) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
10.12.13.3A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.12.13.4In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety,
may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from, or
v)Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
10.12.13.5If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all riders to whom the chequered
flag was not shown before the
interruption, a partial classification
will be established at the end of the
penultimate lap of the race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
10.12.13.6Where the Steward or Clerk of Course
has stopped a race due to danger, the
following will apply:
a) If no more than two laps of the
stopped race were completed:
i) The stopped race will be declared
null and void,
ii) The race may be re-run,
iii) The re-run race will be for the full
race distance,
iv) The original grid positions will be
used,
v) The place of any machine unable
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
to take part in the re-run race will
be left vacant,
vi)Machines may be repaired or
replaced provided they have
been approved by the Scrutineer.
b) If more than two laps, but less than
75% of the race distance, have been
completed:
i) The race may be re-started, but
only once,
ii) The re-start must occur no more
than 30 minutes after the race
has been stopped,
iii) The re-started race distance will
be equal to the balance of the
stopped race distance,
iv) Positions on the grid for the restarted race will be determined
by the order of competitors at
the finish line of the last full lap
of the stopped race,
v) Only competitors who have
completed at least 75% of
the laps completed by the
leading competitor at the time
of stopping will be permitted to
participate in the re-started race,
vi) Machines may be repaired
or replaced provided they
have been approved by the
Scrutineer,
vii) The stopped race and any re-run
will be deemed to be parts of the
one race,
viii) The winner will be the competitor
having the highest number of
laps at the finish,
ix) Where two or more competitors
complete the same number of
laps, the winning order will be
determined by the time taken by
each to complete those laps,
x) If at least 75% of the scheduled
race distance is completed, full
points will be awarded,
xi) If less than 75% of the
scheduled race distance is
completed, half points will be
awarded.
10.12.14
Change of Machine during a
Competition
10.12.14.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
10.12.15 Radio Communication
10.12.15.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
10.12.16Scoring
10.12.16.1The results for each competitor in each
event will be determined by the allocation
to that competitor of points in accordance
with the following table:
PLACE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
POINTS
25
20
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
PLACE
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
POINTS
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
10.12.16.2If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one race, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final race of the event will be awarded the
position.
10.12.16.3If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a Series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placing’s in the
Series will be awarded the position.
10.12.16.4An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
10.12.16.5If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
10.12.16.6If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
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10.13
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN SUPERBIKE
CHAMPIONSHIP
10.13.1 Allocation of Numbers
10.13.1.1In each class, riding numbers from 1 to 10
will be allocated to riders in the order they
finished the previous year’s Series.
10.13.2Starting
10.13.2.1Each event:
a) Must use a clutch start,
b) Must be preceded by a sighting lap
and a warm-up lap.
10.13.2.2Any competitor who does not complete
the warm-up lap must start the event from
pit lane.
10.13.2.3Pole position will be on the side of the
track opposite to the direction taken by
the track in the first corner after the start.
10.13.3 Restriction on Tyres
10.13.3.1In Superbike events, where there is a
restriction on the number of tyres used,
hand cut slicks will be deemed to be
slicks.
10.13.4 Points and Ties
10.13.4.1The competitor who obtains pole position
will receive one additional point in the
Championship.
10.13.4.2In the event of a tie, the competitor with
the greatest number of highest placings
will be awarded one additional point.
10.13.4.3Where a tie still exists, the competitor with
the highest placing in the round, which is
that competitor’s lowest scoring event in
the series, will be awarded one additional
point.
10.13.5 Race Distances
10.13.5.1The race distances will be according to
the Series supplementary regulations.
10.13.6Scrutineering
10.13.6.1Machines must be delivered to an area
nominated by the series Scrutineer at
the conclusion of each series race and
qualifying session.
10.13.6.2Machines may not be removed from that
area without the permission of the series
Scrutineer.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 10D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
10.14 SOUND EMISSIONS
10.14.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions and
Fuel.
10.15FUEL
10.15.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions and
Fuel.
10.16ENGINES
10.16.1 Reciprocating Engines
10.16.1.1The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
10.16.2 Rotary Engines:
Cubic capacity
=
(Z x V)
N
Where:
V = Capacity of each chamber comprising
the engine in cubic centimetres,
N = Number of turns of the motor necessary to complete 1 cycle in a chamber, and
Z = Combustion cycles per revolution.
10.16.3Wankel System Engines with a
Triangular Piston
Cubic capacity = 2 x V x D
Where:
V = capacity of a single chamber,
D = the number of rotors.
10.16.3.1Wankel system engines are classified as
4-strokes.
10.16.4 Superchargers and Turbochargers
10.16.4.1Superchargers and turbochargers may
only be used as follows:
a) In drag racing or record attempts,
b) In Production Class or Improved
Touring racing when fitted as factory
equipment,
c) The nominal cubic capacity of an
engine as calculated under 10.16.1,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.16.2 or 10.16.3 that is fitted with a
supercharger or a turbocharger shall
be multiplied by 2 for the purposes of
engine classification.
10.16.5 Engine Capacity Tolerances
10.16.5.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class, including
Road Race sidecars, may not exceed the
prescribed capacity for that class by more
than 2% provided that the upper limit of
1300cc is not exceeded.
10.17
FRAMES AND PARTS
10.17.1General
10.17.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed
10.17.1.1Radiator protection guards may be fitted
providing there is no modification to the
radiators or bodywork.
10.17.1.2Frame protection devices may be added
providing they do not protrude more than
80mm from the bodywork and are no
more than 80mm in diameter.
10.17.1.3All lateral covers/engine cases containing
oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected
by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar, or be
fitted with heavy duty crash resistant
end cases made from solid metal. Plates
and/or bars from aluminum or steel are
also permitted. All these devices must be
designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and
securely. Bonding alone is not a suitable
method of mounting.
10.17.1.4Lap timers may be fitted. The only
electronic, or other circuit connection,
to the machine shall be for the
purposes of power supply to the lap
timer. Lap timers with a maximum retail
value of $799.00 including GST may be
used.
10.17.1.5A lanyard operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, may be
fitted.
10 ROAD RACE
10.17.1.6Plugs or caps which, if removed, permit
the discharge of any lubricating, cooling
or hydraulic fluids, must be wire-locked
or otherwise secured in the tightened
position in a manner approved by the
Scrutineer.
10.17.1.7Where flexible oil lines other than those
supplied as standard equipment by the
original machine manufacturer are used,
they must incorporate high pressure hose
secured by high pressure connections.
Worm drive hose clamps may not be
used.
10.17.1.8All hoses must be securely fitted and
guarded to prevent contact with:
a) The ground,
b) Tyres or other moving parts over the
full movement of the suspension.
10.17.1.94-stroke motorcycles must be equipped
with an oil catch tank or sealed airbox:
a) With a minimum volume of 300cc,
b) Which is to be emptied after each
event.
10.17.1.10The only liquid coolants permitted are is
water and non-glycol coolants. Glycol
and coolants manufactured with glycol
are not allowed.
10.17.1.11
Lubricating, cooling and hydraulic
fluid levels must be maintained within
manufacturers’ specifications.
10.17.1.12With the exception of production-based
machines without a lower fairing which
have Australian Design Rule compliance,
all machines, including sidecars, must be
fitted with an integral lower fairing dam
or separate catch tray, which must be
constructed to trap and hold engine oil
and/or coolant:
a) For 4-stroke machines, a capacity of
at least 3 litres,
b) For 2-stroke machines, a capacity of
at least 2.5 litres,
c) All air-cooled machines with lower
fairing dams/fluid catchment areas
are to hold a capacity of fluid greater
than or equal to the oil capacity of
the engine unit,
d) With no less than two holes, each of
25mm, which may only be opened in
wet race conditions.
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10 ROAD RACE
10.17.2Streamlining
10.17.2.1All streamlining fitted to motorcycles or
sidecars must be free of any sharp edges
on exposed extremities.
10.17.2.2For fibreglass construction, edges must
be rounded to their own thickness but
need not be wired.
10.17.2.3
All forward streamlining attached to
solo and sidecar machines must have a
minimum of three attachment points:
a) At least one supporting the forward
section of the shell, and
b) One on each side supporting the
rear portion of the shell.
10.17.2.4Identification plates must have corners
and edges smoothed.
10.17.2.5Streamlining must leave the front wheel
and mudguard exposed.
10.17.3Brakes
10.17.3.1At least two efficient brakes must operate
independently of each other on the front
and rear wheels.
10.17.3.2Front brake caliper mounting bolts to be
lockwired in the tightened position. The
use of R-clips, bowtie clips, and spring
clips in conjunction with lockwiring is
permitted.
10.17.3.3
Motorcycles may be equipped with
commercially available brake lever
protection, intended to protect the
handlebar brake lever(s) from being
accidentally activated in the case of a
collision with another machine.
10.17.3.4Brake pad retainer pins may be replaced
with aftermarket pins of similar material to
OEM part with no modification to brake
caliper.
10.17.4 Fuel Tanks
10.17.4.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
10.17.5 Exhaust Systems
10.17.5.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread.
74
10.17.6 Centre and Side Stands
10.17.6.1Centre and side stands must be removed
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
for all types of competition.
10.17.7Footrests
10.17.7.1Footrests must be well rounded and
designed so as to ensure that no
dangerous edges are created due to
wear.
10.17.8Handlebars
10.17.8.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
10.17.8.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of 16mm
10.17.8.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
10.17.9 Kick Start Levers
10.17.9.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
10.17.10 Drive Chain Protection
10.17.10.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
10.17.10.2The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
10.17.10.3Projecting front/countershaft sprockets,
which are not behind a clutch assembly or
directly behind a frame member, must be
guarded.
10.17.10.1A chain guard must be fitted in a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain run and the final drive sprocket at
the rear wheel.
10.17.11 Wheels and Tyres
10.17.11.1Wheels constructed of carbon fibre or
carbon composite are not permitted
unless the manufacturer has equipped the
homologated production model with this
type of wheel. In this case, wheels must be
pre-approved by MA.
10.17.11.2 Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Treads on tyres must be at least
1mm deep on any part of the tyre
that comes in contact with the
ground,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) The tread depth indicating holes on
slick tyres must be clearly visible and
at least 0.5mm deep.
10.17.12Mudguards
10.17.12.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
10.17.12.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
SECTION 10E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
SOLO CLASSES
10.18SUPERBIKE
10.18.1 Machine Eligibility
10.18.1.1Subject to the required and permitted
alterations set out below, Superbike
machines must:
a) Be fitted with the Australian Design
Rule (ADR) compliance plates for
the particular machine,
b) Be eligible for registration in all
States and Territories in which they
compete,
c) Be of a make and model lawfully
sold in Australia,
d) Be as constructed by the
manufacturer,
e) Have an engine capacity of:
i) No more than 1300cc for two
and three cylinder engines,
ii) No more than 1000cc for four
cylinder engines.
10.18.1.2The range of vehicle identification
numbers for each model must be provided
to MA.
10.18.1.3At least 20 production machines of that
make and model must have been imported
into Australia by the manufacturer or
the Australian distributor representing
that manufacturer. Machines must be
approved by MA.
10.18.2Tyres
10.18.2.1Tyres may be homologated by MA and/
or stipulated in the supplementary
regulations.
10.18.3Weight
10.18.3.1To be permitted to compete, a machine,
without rider, empty of fuel, but with all
other fluids at optimum levels, must weigh
no less than:
a) 168kg for all four cylinder machines,
b) 172kg for all two and three cylinder
machines.
A 1% tolerance at post race control will be
allowed.
10.18.4 Compulsory Modifications
10.18.4.1The following must be removed:
a)Headlamp,
b) Tail lamp,
c) Reflectors,
d)Horns,
e) Traffic indicators,
f)Mirrors,
g) Centre and side stands,
h) Registration plate / bracket and label
holder.
10.18.4.2Any sharp edges left by the removal of the
above components must be protected by
a rolled edge or beading of minimum 3mm
diameter.
10.18.4.3Engine and gearbox breathing hoses and
tubes, and the radiator overflow bottle
vent, must exhaust into the airbox to the
rear of the intakes. The lower airbox
breather tube must be blocked.
10.18.5 Permitted Modifications
10.18.5.1The following may be removed:
a) Passenger handholds and footrest
assemblies,
b) Instruments and associated cables
including key start ignition barrel,
c) OEM top rear chain guard and
registration plate brackets,
d) Air injection pollution control system,
e) Carburettor anti-icing device,
f) Rear fender,
g) Air filter element,
h) Steering damper.
10.18.5.2The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) can
be disconnected and the ABS control
unit may be removed. The ABS wheel
rotors and sensors may be removed.
10.18.6 Modification of OEM Parts
10.18.6.1The following OEM parts may be modified:
a) Engine cam wheels may be slotted
or replaced to alter valve timing,
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10 ROAD RACE
b) Gearbox drive dogs may be
undercut,
c) Cylinder head valve seats may be
re-cut,
d) Cylinder head and cylinder block
mating surfaces may be machined,
e) OEM ECU may be re-flashed,
f) Carburettor slides.
10.18.7 Permitted Additions
10.18.7.1The following may be added:
a) Steering damper,
b) Ride height adjuster,
c) MA approved and official series
timing devices,
d) MA approved fuel metering devices,
e) Frame protective sliders,
f) Electronic gear shifters.
10.18.8 Use of Non-OEM Parts
10.18.8.1The following may be replaced with parts
not manufactured by the manufacturer of
the machine:
a) Brake pads, linings, brake hoses,
and brake discs. Front and rear
brake discs may be replaced with
aftermarket brake discs that must
fit the original caliper and wheel
mounting. The outside diameter,
material, and the ventilation system
must remain the same as OEM for
the model.
b) Fairings, screens, rear bodywork
and rear seat so as to provide for
the mounting of a rear number
plate, rider’s seat, mudguards, air
intake lids in bodywork, airbox intake
tubes, tank covers and side covers,
but replacements must be similar
in shape and appearance as the
original.
c) Mounting brackets for fairings and
screens but the replacements must
be mounted on the frame at the
original mounting points.
d) Fuel tank filler cap assembly
providing there is no modification
required to fuel tank.
e) Handlebars, handlebar mounted
levers, master cylinders and controls,
including throttle assembly and
cables.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
f) Footrests and foot controls, but the
replacements must be mounted on
the frame at the original mounting
points.
g)Fasteners.
h) Air filter element.
i)Instruments.
j) Wiring loom, plug in fuel injection
control units and the manufacturer
nominated race kit ECU and/or MA
approved ECU. OEM ECU may be
reprogrammed.
k) Spark plugs and high tension leads.
l) Battery, but the replacement must be
capable of starting the machine pre
and post-race.
m) Exhaust system.
n) Clutch plates and springs.
o) External gearing, chain and chain
pitch.
p) Radiator expansion tank.
q) Head gaskets.
r) Front suspension, springs, damping
parts and fork top caps may be
replaced or modified, but the external
appearance of the forks must not be
modified or changed.
s) Rear suspension damping units and
springs.
10.19SUPERSPORT
10.19.1 Machine Eligibility
10.19.1.1Subject to the required and permitted
alterations set out below, Supersport
machines must:
a) Be fitted with Australian Design Rule
(ADR) compliance plates for the
particular machine,
b) Be eligible for registration in all
States and Territories in which they
compete,
c) Be of a make and model lawfully
sold in Australia,
d) Be as constructed by the
manufacturer,
e) Have an engine capacity of:
i) No more than 600cc for four
cylinder engines,
ii) No more than 675cc for three
cylinder engines, and
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
iii) No more than 750cc for two
cylinder engines.
10.19.1.2At least 20 production machines of
that make and model must have
been imported into Australia, by the
manufacturer or the Australian distributor
representing the manufacturer. Machines
must be approved by MA.
10.19.2Tyres
10.19.2.1Tyres may be homologated by MA and/or
listed in the supplementary regulations.
10.19.2.2Only when a race or practice has been
declared “wet”, the use of a special
tyre, commonly known as a wet tyre, is
allowed. Homologation is not required for
wet tyres.
10.19.3Weight
10.19.3.1To be permitted to compete, a machine,
without rider, empty of fuel, but with all
other fluids at optimum levels, must weigh
no less than:
a) 162kg for four cylinder 600cc,
b) 165kg for three cylinder 675cc, and
c) 165kg for two cylinder 750cc.
A 1% tolerance at post race control will
be allowed.
10.19.4 Compulsory Modifications
10.19.4.1The following must be removed:
a)Headlamp,
b) Tail lamp,
c) Reflectors,
d)Horns,
e) Traffic indicators,
f)Mirrors,
g) Centre and side stands,
h) Registration plate / bracket and
label holder.
10.19.4.2Any sharp edges left by the removal of
these components must be protected by a
rolled edge or beading of minimum 3mm
diameter.
10.19.4.3Engine and gearbox breathing hoses and
tubes, and the radiator overflow bottle
vent must exhaust into the airbox to the
rear of the intakes. The lower airbox
breather tube must be blocked.
10.19.5 Permitted Modifications
10.19.5.1The following may be removed:
a) Passenger handholds and footrest
10 ROAD RACE
assemblies,
b) Instruments and associated cables,
c) OEM top rear chain guard and
registration plate brackets,
d) Air injection pollution control system,
e) Carburettor anti-icing device,
f) Rear fender,
g) Steering damper.
10.19.5.2The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS)
can disconnected and the ABS control
unit may be removed. The ABS wheel
rotors and sensors may be removed.
10.19.6 Modification of OEM Parts 10.19.6.1The following OEM parts may be modified:
a) Gearbox drive dogs may be
undercut,
b) Cylinder head valve seats may
be recut,
c) Cylinder head and cylinder block
mating surfaces may be machined,
d) Carburettor slides,
e) Engine cam wheels may be slotted
or replaced to alter valve timing.
10.19.7 Permitted Additions
10.19.7.1The following may be added:
a) Steering damper,
b) Ride height adjuster,
c) MA approved and official series
timing devices,
d) MA approved fuel metering devices,
e) Frame protective sliders,
f) Electronic gear shifter.
10.19.8 Use of Non-OEM Parts
10.19.8.1The following may be replaced with parts
not manufactured by the manufacturer of
the machine.
a) Brake pads, linings, brake hoses,
and brake discs. Front and rear
brake discs may be replaced with
aftermarket brake discs that must
fit the original caliper and wheel
mounting. The outside diameter,
material, and the ventilation system
must remain the same as OEM for
the model.
b) Fairing, screen, rear seat so as to
provide for the mounting of a rear
number plate, rear bodywork, Rider’s
seat, mudguards, tank covers,
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10 ROAD RACE
airbox intake tubes, air intake lids
in bodywork and side covers, but
replacements must be similar in
shape and appearance as the
original.
c) Mounting brackets for fairings and
screens but the replacements must
be mounted on the frame at the
original mounting points.
d) Handlebars, handlebar mounted
levers, master cylinders and controls,
including throttle assembly and
cables.
e) Footrests and foot controls, but the
replacements must be mounted on
the frame at the original mounting
points.
f) External gearing, chain and chain
pitch.
g) Exhaust system.
h) Wiring Loom, plug-in fuel injection
control units and the manufacturer
nominated race kit ECU and/or MA
approved ECU. OEM ECU may be
reprogrammed.
i) Spark plugs and high tension leads.
j) Rear suspension damping units
and springs.
k) Clutch plates and springs.
l) Radiator expansion tank.
m) Battery, but the replacement must be
capable of starting the machine pre
and post-race.
n)Fasteners.
o) Head gasket.
p) Front suspension, springs, damping
parts and fork top caps may be
replaced or modified, but the external
appearance of the forks must not be
modified or changed.
q) Air filters and air funnels (velocity
stacks). Velocity stacks must be
standard.
r) Fuel tank filler cap assembly
providing there is no modification
required to fuel tank.
10.20
SUPERSTOCK 1000
10.20.1 Machine Eligibility
10.20.1.1Subject to the required and permitted
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
alterations set out below, Superstock
1000 machines must:
a) Be fitted with Australian Design Rule
(ADR) compliance plates for the
particular machine,
b) Be eligible for registration in all
States and Territories in which they
compete,
c) Be of a make and model lawfully
sold in Australia,
d) Be as constructed by the
manufacturer,
e) Have an engine capacity of:
i) No more than 1200cc for two
and three cylinder engines,
ii) No more than 1000cc for four
cylinder engines.
10.20.1.2At least 20 production machines of that
make and model must have been imported
into Australia by the manufacturer or the
Australian distributor representing the
manufacturer, with a maximum retail price
of $35,000 (price to be regulated by MA
as new models are released and as prices
increase and decrease).
10.20.2Tyres
10.20.2.1Tyres
a) Brand, type and quantity will
be specified in supplementary
regulations,
b) Only when practice or a race has
been declared wet is the use of a
special tyre, commonly known as a
wet tyre, is allowed. Homologation is
not required for wet tyres.
10.20.3Weight
10.20.3.1 To be permitted to compete, a Superstock
1000 machine, without rider, empty of
fuel, but with all other fluids at optimum
levels, must weigh no less than:
a) 165kg for all four cylinder machines,
b) 170kg for all two and three cylinder
machines.
10.20.3.2 A 1% tolerance at post race control will be
allowed.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.20.4 Compulsory Modifications
10.20.4.1 The following must be removed:
a) Head lamp,
b) Tail lamp,
c) Reflectors,
d)Horn,
e) Traffic indicators,
f)Mirrors,
g) Centre and side stands,
h) Registration plate / bracket and label
holder.
10.20.4.2Any sharp edges left by the removal of
components mentioned in GCR 10.20.4
must be protected by a rolled edge or
beading of a minimum 3mm diameter.
10.20.4.3 Engine and gearbox breathing hoses and
tubes, and the radiator overflow bottle
vent must exhaust into the air box to the
rear of the intakes. The lower breather
tube must be blocked off.
10.20.5 Permitted Modifications
10.20.5 The following may be removed:
a) Passenger handholds and footrest
assemblies,
b) OEM top rear chain guard,
c) Pollution air injection control
systems,
d) Rear fender,
e) Steering damper.
10.20.6 Permitted Additions
10.20.6.1The following may be added:
a) Steering damper,
b) Rider height adjuster, providing there
is no modification or alteration to
the frame or rear suspension control
unit,
c) MA approved lap timing devices,
d) Frame protective sliders,
e) Engine cut lanyard attached to the
rider that will cut either the ignition or
fuel supply to the engine.
10.20.7 Use of Non-OEM Parts
10.20.7.1The following may be replaced with parts
not manufactured by the manufacturer of
the machine:
a) Brake pads, brake hoses and master
cylinder,
b) Fairings and stream lining including
10 ROAD RACE
screen, rear body work and seat
section, mudguards, tank covers, air
box intake tubes and side covers,
providing the replacements are of
the same shape and appearance as
the original,
c) Mounting brackets for fairings and
screens providing replacements are
mounted on the frame at the original
mounting points,
d) Spark plug brand and type, leads
and cap,
e) External gearing and chain, but not
chain pitch,
f) Exhaust system and mounting
brackets,
g) Rear suspension damping units and
springs,
h) Front suspension, springs, damping
parts and fork top caps may be
replaced or modified, but the
external appearance of the forks
must not be modified or changed.
Lower compression housing may be
changed but must not extend any
further than 10mm from the fork than
the original OEM component,
i) Clutch springs,
j) Air filters,
k) Fasteners for fitting external
components where the manufacturer
has no specific torque setting, or, it is
less than 10mm,
l) Handlebars and handle bar
mounted levers may be replaced.
Replacements handlebars must be
mounted on original mounting points,
m) Footrests and foot controls, but the
replacements must be mounted at
the original mounting points.
n) Wiring loom, plug-in fuel injection
control units and the manufacturer
nominated race kit or MA approved
ECU.
10.20.7.2The following may be added or replaced
with parts not manufactured by the
manufacturer of the machine:
a) Manually operated electronic gear
shifters.
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10 ROAD RACE
10.21PRODUCTION
10.21.1 Machine Eligibility
10.21.1.1 Capacities and classes will be specified in
the supplementary regulations.
10.21.1.2Subject to the required and permitted
alterations set out below, Production
machines must:
a) Be fitted with Australian Design Rule
(ADR) compliance plates for the
particular machine,
b) Be eligible for registration in all
States and Territories in which they
compete,
c) Be of a make and model lawfully
sold in Australia,
d) Be as constructed by the
manufacturer,
e) Be a current model, and
f) Be approved by MA.
10.21.1.3At least 200 production machines of that
make and model must have been imported
into Australia by the manufacturer or the
Australian distributor representing the
manufacturer, or as stipulated in the event
specific supplementary regulations.
10.21.1.4Machines approved for this class will be
published at www.ma.org.au.
10.21.2Tyres
10.21.2.1Tyres may be homologated by MA and/or
listed in the supplementary regulations.
10.21.3 Compulsory Modifications
10.21.3.1The following must be removed:
a) Head lamp,
b) Tail lamp,
c) Reflectors,
d)Horn,
e) Traffic indicators,
f)Mirrors,
g) Centre and side stands,
h) Registration plate / bracket and label
holder,
i) Passenger footrests,
10.21.4 Permitted Modifications
10.21.4.1
The following may be replaced or
modified:
a) Fairings and stream lining including
screen, rear body work and seat
section, mudguards, tank covers.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Providing the replacements are of
the same shape and appearance as
the original.
b) Mounting bracket for fairing, screen
and instruments, but replacements
must be mounted in the original
position on the frame.
c) Spark plug type.
d) External gearing and chain, but not
chain pitch.
e) Brake pads, linings, brake hoses,
and brake discs. Front and rear
brake discs may be replaced with
aftermarket brake discs that must
fit the original caliper and wheel
mounting. The outside diameter,
material, and the ventilation system
must remain the same as OEM for
the model.
f) Exhaust system and mounting
brackets. Titanium headers may only
be used or replaced if titanium fitted
as OEM.
g) Front and rear suspension springs
and internal damping parts may
be modified or replaced, but the
external appearance of the forks and
rear shock must not be changed.
g) Front suspension, springs,
damping parts and fork top caps
may be modified or replaced, but
the external appearance of the
forks must not be changed.
h) Rear suspension damping units and
springs.
i)Handlebars, handlebar ends, grips
and handlebar mounted levers.
Handlebars may be repositioned
underneath the top triple clamp
providing no other modifications
are required to do so. But
replacement handlebars must be
mounted in the original position on
the fork assembly or top clamp.
i) Footrests and foot controls, but the
replacements must be mounted at
the original mounting points.
j) Air filter element.
k) Engine and gearbox breather tubes
and the radiator bottle overflow must
exhaust into the air box to the rear
of the intakes. The lower air box
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
breather tubes must be blocked.
l) Instruments may be replaced
with non-OEM parts providing the
replacement instrument functions are
equal to or less than OEM instrument
functions.
10.21.4.2The OEM top rear chain guard may be
removed.
10.21.4.3The Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) can
be disconnected and the ABS control
unit may be removed. The ABS wheel
rotors and sensors may be removed.
10.21.5 Permitted Additions
10.21.5.1The following may be added:
a) Steering damper.
b) MA approved fuel metering devices
that plug into the original electrical
connectors with no modification to
the wiring harness. Standard OEM
ECU must be retained and operative.
c) Screw in replaceable fuel metering
jets but carburettor body castings
and slides must remain as
manufactured by the manufacturer.
d) Frame protective sliders.
10.22MOTO3
10.22.0.1Homologated Manufacturer Motorcycle
Engine: Honda Motor Co. Ltd
10.22.0.2Homologated Model: NSF 250 R
(Type: MR03)
10.22.1Engine
10.22.1.1The engine and all its components
must be originals produced by the
manufacturer in the above listed
homologated motorcycle, with the
following exceptions:
a) The cylinder head gasket, and all
other gaskets, may be changed,
b) Oil filter may be changed,
c) Spark plug may be changed,
d) Coolant hoses and fittings may be
changed to suit individual radiator
designs,
e) Additional oil coolers are
permitted.
10.22.1.2
In the case of a dispute over
modifications, the decision of MA
clarification will be final.
10 ROAD RACE
a) 4-stroke reciprocating piston engines
only.
b) Engine capacity maximum 250cc.
c) Single cylinder only.
d) Maximum bore size: 81 mm. No oval
pistons.
e) Engines must be normally aspirated.
No turbo-charging, no supercharging.
f) Maximum of one ignition driver.
g) Pneumatic and/or hydraulic valve
systems are not permitted.
h) Valve timing system drive must be
by one chain. An intermediate drive
gear which rotates on only one axle
or rotation centre is allowed in the
system.
i) Variable valve timing and/or variable
valve opening systems are not
permitted.
10.22.2 Inlet and Fuel System
a) Throttle body must remain
as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated
engine.
b) Modifications to the fuel pressure
regulator is not allowed.
c) Insulators that attach the throttle
body to the head cannot be
modified or changed.
d) Airbox may be modified or
replaced.
e) Air filter element may be modified
or replaced.
f) Air box drains must be sealed with
safety wire.
g) Only engine sump breather gases,
air or air/fuel mixture is permitted
in the inlet tract and combustion
chamber.
h) Fuel injector must remain as the
standard unit for the homologated
engine.
i) Bell mouths (velocity stacks)
cannot be modified or replaced,
and must be as originally
produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated machine.
j) Throttle valves must remain
as originally produced by the
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10 ROAD RACE
k)
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
manufacturer for the homologated
machine.
A catch-tank may be fitted in
the engine breather between the
cam cover and airbox. The catch
tank is solely for the purpose
of collecting engine fluids, no
other functions such as pressure
modification are permitted.
Breather connections may only be
directly between the cam cover,
catch tank and airbox. The catch
tank and connections must be
visible for inspection at all times,
and may not be permanently built
into the chassis or other parts.
Variable-length inlet systems are not
permitted.
Only one throttle control valve per
throttle body is permitted to control
the power demand by the rider,
which must be controlled exclusively
by mechanical means (e.g. cable)
operated by the rider only. No other
powered moving devices (except
injectors and the idle control air
bypass) are permitted in the inlet
tract before the engine intake valve.
No interruption of the mechanical
connection between the rider’s
input and the throttle is allowed. Idle
speed (including engine braking)
adjustment by means of an air
bypass system, controlled by the
ECU is allowed.
Fuel injectors must be located
upstream of the engine intake
valves.
Maximum of two fuel injectors per
throttle body and two independent
fuel injectors drivers.
Other than engine sump breather
gases, only air or air/fuel mixture
is permitted in the inlet tract and
combustion chamber.
Any quality of oil may be used.
10.22.3 Exhaust System
a) Variable length exhaust systems are
not permitted.
b) No moving parts (e.g. valves, baffles)
are allowed in the exhaust systems.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
systems are not permitted.
d) Machines must comply with sound
emissions set out in Appendix C.
10.22.4Transmission
a) The use of electro-mechancial
or electro-hydraulic actuating
systems are not allowed.
b) The original clutch assembly
may be changed or modified for
back torque limiting capabilities
(slipper type).
c) An external quick-shift system
on the gear selector (including
wire and load cell) may be added,
provided this doesn’t involve
cutting or modification of the
original wiring.
d) Countershaft sprocket, rear wheel
sprocket, chin pitch and size can
be changed.
e) Gearbox casing must remain
as originally produced by the
manufacturer for the homologated
engine, however cassette gearbox
ratios may be changed.
f) Primary gears on crankshaft and
clutch to remain as originally
produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated engine.
g) Other modifications to gearbox
or selector mechanism is not
allowed.
a) A maximum of six gearbox speeds is
permitted.
b) Gearbox systems must be of the
conventional type. “Seamless Shift”
type transmissions (also known as
Automated Manual Transmission,
Instantaneous Gear Change System)
are not permitted.
c) Electro-mechanical or electrohydraulic clutch actuating systems
are not permitted.
10.22.5 Ignition, Electronics and Data-Logging
a) The Electronic Control Unit (ECU)
must remain as originally
produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated engine. is free.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) Adding injection modules to
modify the input/output of the
ECU is not permitted.
c) Software used to modify an ECU
must be that which is originally
produced by the manufacturer for
the homologated engine.
d) The parameters provided by the
ECU software itself for adjustment
are not permitted to be extended
and/or exceeded under any
circumstances.
d) A Scrutineer may, at their
discretion, download and analyze
ECU files and maps.
e) The main wiring harness must
remain as originally produced
by the manufacturer for the
homologated engine, unless
required for data download
connection (Datalogger).
f) Standard ECU sensors cannot be
changed, modified or eliminated.
g) Data acquisition systems are free,
however the maximum number of
inputs via external sensors are:
i) Position and speed by GPS,
ii) Engine temperature,
iii) Lambda signal,
iv) TPS signal,
v) Engine RPM,
vi) Rear wheel speed,
vii) Front wheel speed,
viii)Front brake pressure,
ix) Rear brake pressure,
x) Front fork position,
xi) Rear damper position.
h) A Scrutineer must, at their request
at any time during an event, be
provided with datalogger files for
their analysis or download.
10.22.6Chassis
a) Chassis may be a prototype, the
design and construction of which is
free within the constraints of GCR
10.22.10 : Materials & Construction.
b) Minimum total weight of Motorcycle
without rider, empty of fuel, but with
all other fluids at optimum levels,
must weigh no less than 84 kg.
10 ROAD RACE
c) Brake discs must be made from an
iron-based alloy.
d) Suspension systems must be of a
conventional passive, mechanical
type. Active and semi-active
suspension systems and/or
electronic control of any aspect of
the suspension and ride height are
not permitted. Springing must be by
means of coil springs made of ironbased alloys.
e) Machines must be fitted with an
integral lower fairing with a minimum
capacity of 2.5 litres to retain spilled
engine fluids.
f) The lower fairing must incorporate
an opening of Ø 25 mm diameter in
the front lower area. This hole must
remain closed in dry conditions and
may only be opened in wet race
conditions.
10.22.7 Wheels and Tyres
a) The only materials allowed for the
wheels rims are magnesium and
aluminium alloys.
b) The only permitted wheel rim sizes
are:
i) Front
2.50” x 17”
ii) Rear
3.50” x 17”
c) Tyres as per supplementary
regulations.
10.22.8 Materials and Construction
a) The use of titanium in the
construction of the frame, the
front forks, the handlebars, the
swinging arm spindle and the
wheel spindles is forbidden.
The use of light alloys for wheel
spindles is also forbidden unless
OEM. The use of titanium alloy
nuts and bolts is allowed.
b) “X-Alloy” means the element X (e.g.
Fe, for Iron based alloy) must be the
most abundant element in the alloy,
on a % w/w basis.
b) The basic structure of the crankshaft
and camshafts must be made from
ferrous materials, steel or cast iron.
Inserts of a different material are
allowed in the crankshaft for the sole
purpose of balancing.
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10 ROAD RACE
c) Engine crankcases, cylinder blocks
and cylinder heads must be made
from cast aluminium alloys.
d) Pistons must be made from an
aluminium alloy. Piston pins must be
made from ferrous materials.
e) Connecting rods, valves and valve
springs must be made from either
ferrous or Titanium-based alloys.
10.23
125CC GP CLASS
10.24
250 GP MONO
10.23.1 Machine Eligibility
10.23.1.1Machines must be up to 125cc single
cylinder with a maximum of six speeds in
the gearbox.
10.24.1 Machine Eligibility
10.24.1.1Subject to the required and permitted
alterations set out below, solo 250 GP
Mono machines must:
a) Be as homologated by MA.
b) Be fitted with a single cylinder
4-stroke engine with integral gearbox
with a capacity no less than 200cc
and no greater than 250cc.
c) Be fitted with a complete upper and
lower fairing or stream lining.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
d) Chassis must be as manufactured by
the manufacturer and homologated
by MA with no modifications.
e) Engine must be homologated with
MA and must be as manufactured
by the manufacturer apart from the
listed modifications set out below.
f) Carry all relevant chassis and engine
numbers.
10.24.2Tyres
10.24.2.1The choice of tyre is optional but any
restrictions on the number of tyres that
may be used must be included in the
supplementary regulations.
10.24.2.2Tyres must:
b) Be commercially available in
Australia.
c) Be worn no more than the minimum
tread depth indicators.
d) Not have an augmented or modified
tread pattern.
10.24.3 Use of Non-OEM Parts
10.24.3 The following may be replaced with parts
not manufactured by the manufacturer of
the machine:
a) Fuel metering jets, but carburettors
and throttle bodies must remain as
supplied by the engine manufacturer
for that model,
b) Piston, pin, clips and piston rings,
c) Wiring harness,
d) Spark plug type and range,
e) Internal suspension parts only,
f) External suspension springs,
g) Brake pads, linings and brake hoses,
h) Rear drive chain and sprockets,
i) Camshafts and cam wheels,
j) Valve springs, collets and retainers,
k) Footrests and foot controls, but
replacements must be mounted on
the frame at the original mounting
points,
l) Clutch plates and springs,
m) Cylinder head gaskets,
n) Exhaust and muffler system,
o) Handle bars and handle bar mounted
levers,
p) Carburettor or throttle body intake air
funnels.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.24.4 Replacement of OEM Parts
10.24.4.1The following OEM parts may be replaced
with parts of the same manufacturer from
another OEM model:
a) Gearbox shafts, gears and selector
mechanism.
10.24.5 Modification of OEM Parts
10.24.5.1
The following OEM Parts may be
modified:
a) Cylinder head may be ported by
removal of material only,
b) Piston valve pockets may be
machined,
c) Compression ratio’s may be altered
by machining of the cylinder and
cylinder head surfaces,
d) Crankshaft balancing by normal
OEM methods of drilling holes
and not by excessive lightening,
crankshaft flywheel diameter and
width dimensions must remain
standard.
10.24.5.2The following may be added:
a) OEM engine oil cooler of the
same or other homologated
engine manufacturer provided
that connecting oil lines are of an
accepted high pressure type with
either screw on or swaged fittings,
b) Steering damper providing there is
no modification to the main frame.
SECTION 10F: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
SIDECARS
10.25
ALL CLASSES
10.25.1Lanyards
10.25.1.1A lanyard operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, must be
fitted to all sidecars. The lanyard may be
up to a maximum of one metre in length.
10.25.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
10.25.2.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a sidecar capacity class may
not exceed the prescribed capacity for
that class by more than 2%, provided that
the upper limit of 1300cc is not exceeded.
10.25.3 Frames and Parts
10.25.3.1The overall width of the motorcycle and
sidecar, including exhausts must not
10 ROAD RACE
exceed 1700mm.
10.25.3.2The ground clearance, measured at the
lowest point of the motorcycle and sidecar,
race-ready with rider and passenger on
board and with the handlebars in the
straight ahead position, must be not less
than 65mm. After a race, a tolerance of
-5mm is allowed. After a wet race this
check is not performed.
10.25.3.3The engine must be positioned:
a) In such a way that the centre line of
the engine must not exceed 160 mm
beyond the centre line of the rear
wheel of the motorcycle,
b) In front of the rear wheel.
10.25.3.4The forward extremity of the streamlining
must not be more than 400mm in front of
the foremost part of the front tyre.
10.25.3.5The extreme rear edge of the streamlining
must not be more than 400mm to the rear.
10.25.3.6Sidecars must be equipped with a rearfacing red lamp:
a) Measuring a minimum of 30cm2
b) Fitted with LED lights, producing a
minimum of 1500MCD
c) Installed at the rear of the main body,
between the back wheel and the
sidecar platform, at least 100mm
above the ground
d) Visible at all times, with no
obstruction from fairing or passenger,
and
e) Switched on when the track is
declared wet.
10.25.3.7The gearbox must have no more than six
gear ratios.
10.25.4 Sidecar Measurements
10.25.4.1The passenger must be carried in a
suitably constructed sidecar with minimum
platform dimensions of 800mm x 300mm,
measured at a height of 150mm above
the platform.
10.25.5Steering
10.25.5.1At all positions of the handlebars, there
must be a minimum space of 20mm
between the ends of the handlebars and
all other parts of the machine.
10.25.5.2The steering axis must not be offset more
than 75mm from the motorcycle front
wheel centre line.
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10 ROAD RACE
10.25.6Oil Containment and Underside
Protection
10.25.6.1In case of an engine breakdown, an oil
containment tray must be constructed
directly below the engine to:
a) Hold at least half of the total oil
and engine coolant capacity of the
engine (minimum five litres), and
b) Protect the rear wheel from any
possible oil spray.
10.25.6.2The edges of the oil containment tray
must be at least 50mm above the bottom
of the tray.
10.25.6.3The front of the oil containment tray must
extend upward to the base of the barrel or
assumed bottom of the barrel line if barrel
is integral.
10.25.6.4The fuel tank breather pipe must be
fitted with a non-return valve and must
discharge into a catch tank with a
minimum capacity of 500cc.
10.26
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FORMULA ONE SIDECARS
10.26.1 Frames and Parts
10.26.1.1The minimum weight of the sidecar
including passenger and rider at the
completion of practice, qualifying or
racing is 375 kg.
10.26.1.2The overall height of the motorcycle and
sidecar must not exceed 800mm, but the
airbox and the immediate bodywork over
the airbox only may be a maximum of
950mm.
10.26.1.3The wheelbase must not exceed 2300mm.
10.26.1.4Track, as measured from the centre of
the rear wheel to the centre of the sidecar
wheel shall be:
a) Maximum of 1150mm,
b) Minimum of 800mm.
10.26.1.5The overall length of the motorcycle and
sidecar must not exceed 3300mm.
10.26.1.6
Devices which reduce the ground
clearance during the course of a race are
not permitted.
10.26.1.7Attachment points between motorcycle
and sidecar:
a) Must be not less than four if the
sidecar is not integrated with the
motorcycle,
b) Must not allow movement at the
joints,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) If the angle of inclination is
changeable, must be secured by
locking and not merely clamped.
10.26.1.8The drive must be transmitted to the
ground only through the rear wheel.
10.26.1.9The underside of the platform must be
flat.
10.26.1.10The lean of the motorcycle must not
exceed 10 degrees from the vertical.
10.26.1.11 Banking sidecars are prohibited.
10.26.1.12Machines must have a solid and effective
protective barrier between the engine and
the rider’s torso.
10.26.1.13Where a fairing is fitted:
a) The rear wheel and sidecar wheel
must be enclosed down to the level
of the sidecar platform on the inside
and to the top of the rim flange on
the outside,
b) Spoilers and other aerodynamic
devices are authorised on condition
they do not extend beyond the
overall dimensions of the bodywork
and are an integral part of the fairing
and/or body. These shall not exceed
neither the width of the fairing nor
the height of the handlebars.
10.26.2 Sidecar Measurements
10.26.2.1The body must be forward of the centre
line of the baseboard, a forward portion
of which must have an area of 230mm
high, 300mm wide and 300mm long with
at least 25mm radius to all corners.
10.26.2.2The maximum space between motorcycle
and sidecar baseboard must be 50mm
with the rider in a normal racing position.
10.26.2.3The body must be covered in at the front
end.
10.26.3 Handholds and Fittings
10.26.3.1Stirrup fittings for the passenger’s feet are
not permitted.
10.26.3.2A suitable passenger hand-hold must be
provided on the outer side of the rear
wheel.
10.26.3.3Hand-holds must:
a) Be molded or positioned so as to
prevent direct access by the rider or
passenger to any moving parts of the
machine, and
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) Not project beyond the outer edge of
the sidecar mudguard or bodywork.
10.26.4Oil Containment and Underside
Protection
10.26.4.1Any oil breather pipe fitted must discharge
into a catch tank:
a) With a minimum capacity of two
litres,
b) Which is located in an easily
accessible position,
c) Which must be empty before the
start of each meeting.
10.26.4.2The underside of fuel tanks, engine
casings and drain plugs must be protected
from direct contact with the road surface
by:
a) Their location, or
b) The fitting of an underpan, which
must cover the area of the underside
of the tank, case or plug.
10.26.4.3Where a guard or underpan is used it
must be constructed of:
a) Steel, which must have wired
or rolled edges, and a minimum
thickness of 1.6mm, or
b) Aluminium which must have wired
or rolled edges, and with a minimum
thickness of 3mm, or
c) Fibreglass which must have edges
rounded and smoothed and with a
minimum thickness of 3mm.
10.26.4.4Oil cooler(s) and oil tanks must be
mounted below the main body, in a crash
secure position.
10.26.4.5All fuel and oil lines must be of an
approved type with high-pressure fittings.
10.26.5Brakes
10.26.5.1Brakes must:
a) Have at least two circuits operating
independently, one of which must
operate the sidecar and rear wheel,
the other must operate the front
wheel,
b) Be designed so that if one circuit
fails, the other works efficiently.
10.26.5.2Carbon brakes are not permitted.
10.26.6Rider
10.26.6.1In the normal riding position, the rider’s
feet must be positioned behind the knees.
10 ROAD RACE
10.26.6.2The rider’s seat must be a minimum
of 150mm above ground level, and a
minimum of 200mm width.
10.26.6.3Notwithstanding the provisions of the
preceding two sub-Rules, “feet forward”
sidecars constructed before the 1st
January 1998:
a) May compete below State
Championship level,
b) Must be registered with MA.
10.26.7Steering
10.26.7.1Steering must be to the front wheel only
and may be by direct or indirect linkage.
10.26.7.2The motorcycle must be steered by
handlebars.
10.26.7.3The handlebar extremities must not be:
a) Lower than the front wheel axle, nor
b) More than 500mm behind the front
wheel axle.
10.26.8 Engine and Gearbox
10.26.8.1Engines in Formula One must comply
with the following:
a) 4-stroke engine with a maximum of
four cylinders,
b) Up to 1000cc maximum,
c) Engines must be commercially
manufactured and readily available
to the public,
d) Bore and stroke must be as specified
by engine manufacturer,
e) Increasing the bore size to reach
class limits is not allowed.
10.26.8.2The following may be altered or replaced:
a) The original cylinder head, but
the number of ports must remain
as originally produced by the
manufacturer,
b) Camshaft, but method of cam drive
must remain as originally produced
by the manufacturer,
c) Pistons, rings and pins,
d) Conrods, however titanium or carbon
rods are not permitted unless original
equipment,
e) The ignition system, but maximum
revs are restricted to 13,000rpm,
f)Carburettors,
g) Crankshaft by lightening and
balancing,
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10 ROAD RACE
h) Clutch basket, clutch plates, springs
and hub,
i) Sump, oilpan and oil pump.
j) Oil lines containing positive
pressure, but must be of metal
reinforced construction with swaged
or threaded connectors.
10.26.8.3The following are permitted if originally
fitted by the manufacturer:
a) Dry clutch,
b) Fuel injection. Throttle bodies must
be as originally produced by engine
manufacturer,
c) Vacuum slides may be removed or
fixed in the open position,
d) Secondary throttle valves and shafts
may be removed or fixed in the open
position and the electronics may be
disconnected or removed.
10.27
FORMULA TWO SIDECARS
10.27.1 Frames and Parts
10.27.1.1The minimum weight of the sidecar
(without fuel) is 136.5kg.
10.27.1.2The overall height of the motorcycle and
sidecar must not exceed 800mm.
10.27.1.3The maximum wheelbase is 1651mm.
10.27.1.4Track, as measured from the centre of
the rear wheel to the centre of the sidecar
wheel shall be:
a) Maximum of 1100mm,
b) Minimum of 800mm.
10.27.1.5Hinged sidecars and steerable sidecar
wheels are not permitted.
10.27.1.6The rider and passenger must not be
attached to the machine or in any way
restrained from separating from the
machine.
10.27.1.7Glass rear view mirrors are not permitted.
10.27.1.8Reinforcement of the steering head is
allowed to a maximum of 225mm from the
centre line of the steering head.
10.27.1.9Monocoque construction is not permitted.
10.27.1.10The frame tubing must be of good quality
steel tube, with a maximum diameter of
100mm at the broadest point.
10.27.1.11 Composite construction may only be used
in the sidecar platform.
88
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.27.1.12Titanium may not be used in the
construction of the frame, front forks,
handlebars, swinging arm and wheel
axles.
10.27.1.13Light alloys may not be used for wheel
axles.
10.27.1.14
The streamlining must be easily
detachable for scrutineering.
10.27.1.15Aerofoil’s or spoilers on streamlining are
not permitted.
10.27.1.16A solid and effective protection must be
fitted between the driver and the engine,
so as to prevent:
a) Direct contact between the rider’s
body or clothing,
b) Escaping flames or leaking fuel or oil.
10.27.1.17The rider’s seat must be at least 200mm
long and 150mm wide and be fitted at
least 150mm above the sidecar platform.
10.27.1.18Cooling air intakes must have no forward
projection or protrusion.
10.27.1.19The battery must be covered such that
neither the driver nor the passenger can
come into contact with the battery or its
contents.
10.27.2Oil Containment and Underside
Protection
10.27.2.1Any oil breather pipe fitted must discharge
into a catch tank:
a) With a minimum capacity of 500ml,
b) Which is located in an easily
accessible position,
c) Which must be empty before the
start of each meeting.
10.27.2.2The fuel tank must be independently
protected from the ground.
10.27.2.3The fuel filler cap must be in such a
position that it does not protrude from the
fairing and cannot be torn off in a crash.
10.27.3Brakes
10.27.3.1A sidecar must have a brake system
which must consist of:
a) one main system with at least two
circuits operating separately, one of
which must operate on at least two
of the three wheels,
b) An emergency system operated by a
handlebar lever with a simple circuit
operating on either the front or rear
wheel of the motorcycle.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.27.4 Wheels and Suspension
10.27.4.1Hub centre steering, remote steering
linkages and the use of articulated
joints in the steering mechanism are not
permitted.
10.27.4.2The minimum diameter of an inflated tyre
must be 400mm.
10.27.4.3All wheels must be of metal construction
and unmodified from original manufacture.
10.27.4.4The front suspension must be either a
leading or trailing fork, or links with the
wheel equally supported on each side.
10.27.4.5The rear suspension must be of the
swinging arm type and may be single
sided.
10.27.4.6Minimum suspension travel must be
20mm.
10.27.4.7The rear mudguard must cover at least
240° of the rear wheel on the side nearest
to the sidecar wheel.
10.27.4.8The rear driving wheel must be covered
down to the level of the sidecar platform
and around the periphery.
10.27.4.9The sidecar wheel must be enclosed
from the sidecar platform and level with
the sidecar platform on the outside and
around the periphery.
10.27.5Steering
10.27.5.1Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends attached with a
minimum diameter of 19mm,
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
10.27.5.2Handlebar grips must be:
a) Attached to the end of the
handlebars,
b) No longer than 150mm.
10.27.5.3Handlebars must;
a) Be above the mid-point of the riders
seat,
b) Be 450mm wide,
c) Be located on the sprung portion of
the front suspension,
d) Not touch any part of the
streamlining, regardless of the
position of the bars.
10.27.5.4
All controls must be independently
mounted.
10 ROAD RACE
10.27.5.5Steering of the front wheel must be by
non-adjustable handlebars fixed directly
to the steering head of the motorcycle.
10.27.5.6The front wheel axle must support the
machine equally on each side of the
wheel.
10.27.5.7Steering lock angle each side of straight
ahead position and measured horizontally
at ground level must be a minimum of
20°.
10.27.5.8Handlebar clamps must be radiused and
engineered so as to avoid fracture points
in the bar.
10.27.6 Rider and Passenger
10.27.6.1The rider’s position, regardless of whether
a driving seat is fitted, must be such that
the rider’s feet are positioned behind the
knees.
10.27.6.2The passenger must be able to lean out
to either side of the sidecar and for this
purpose the vehicle must be fitted with
suitable closed loop type hand holds.
10.27.7Engine
10.27.7.1Engines in Formula Two must be 4-stroke:
and comply with the following:
a) For two cylinder engines, with an
engine capacity of no more than
1000cc,
b) For three cylinder engines, an engine
capacity of no more than 675cc,
c) For four cylinder engines, with an
engine capacity of no more than
600cc.
10.27.7.2The engine must be positioned behind the
steering head and in front of the driver.
10.27.7.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
10.27.7.4The drive must be transmitted through the
rear wheel.
10.27.8 Exhaust Systems
10.27.8.1
Exhaust fumes must be discharged
towards the rear but not so as to raise dust,
foul the tyres or brakes or inconvenience
a passenger or any other rider.
10.27.8.2The furthest extremity of the exhaust pipe
must not exceed a vertical line drawn at
a tangent to the rear edge of the sidecar
platform.
10.27.8.3On the side opposite the sidecar, the
exhaust pipes must not extend beyond
the streamlining.
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10 ROAD RACE
10.27.8.4On the other side, the exhaust pipe
must not extend beyond the width of the
sidecar.
10.27.8.5Exhaust pipes must be fitted and
positioned so as to prevent entanglement
with other machines.
SECTION 10G: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
JUNIOR CLASSES
10.28
JUNIOR 70CC SOLO
10.28.1 Machine Eligibility
10.28.1.1Machines must:
a) Be of no greater capacity than 70cc
b) Carry where applicable all relevant
chassis and engine numbers,
c) Have a chassis which is constructed
by an established manufacturer or a
chassis approved by MA,
10.28.1.2The engine must be as manufactured
without modification, however engine
capacity may be changed to suit another
class (eg:70cc -> 85cc) but such changes
can only be made using unmodified parts
as supplied by the manufacturer of original
engine and produce no greater power
than an original manufactured engine
of the new capacity. The engine may be
utilised in a chassis not manufactured by
the manufacturer.
10.28.1.3
Replacement
engine
parts,
not
manufactured by the original engine
manufacturers, e.g: piston, conrod,
crankpin assembly can be used for
reconditioning purposes provided they
don’t offer a power advantage.
10.28.1.4Exhaust systems are free.
10.28.1.5Carburettor must be as supplied by
the engine manufacturer for the model
but removed jets and needles may be
changed.
10.28.2Tyres
10.28.2.1Tyres must:
a) Be commercially available in
Australia, and homologated,
b) Be worn to no more than the
minimum tread depth indicators,
10.28.2.2Treaded or slick tyres may be fitted.
10.28.2.3
Tyre warmers may be used. Tyre
treatment may not be used.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.28.3 Permitted Modifications
10.28.3.1The following may be altered or modified:
a) The fuel system, with a one way
vented system breathing into a
separate steel or aluminium catch
bottle with a minimum capacity of
250cc,
b) The cylinder and cylinder head, for
the purposes of repair but original
material and all original dimensions
must be retained,
c) Spark plug type and range,
d) Front fork oil and spring pre-load
settings,
e) Brake friction materials,
f) Sprockets and chains,
g) The cooling system. but only water
may be used as a coolant.
10.28.3.2Paper or foam type filters may be fitted.
10.28.3.3Still air boxes or air filter assemblies may
be fitted.
10.28.3.4Data loggers are not allowed.
10.28.3.5No other alterations or modifications are
permitted other than stated in these rules.
10.29
JUNIOR 85CC SOLO
10.29.1 Machine Eligibility
10.29.1.1Machines must:
a) Be 2-stroke and of no greater
capacity than 85cc,
b) Carry where applicable all relevant
chassis and engine numbers,
c) Have a chassis which is constructed
by an established manufacturer or
approved by MA.
10.29.1.2The engine must be as manufactured
without modification, however engine
capacity may be changed to suit another
class (e.g. 85cc > 70cc) but such changes
can only be made using unmodified parts
as supplied by the manufacturer of the
original engine and produce no greater
power than an original manufactured
engine of the new capacity. The
engine may be utilized in a chassis not
manufactured by the manufacturer.
10 ROAD RACE
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.29.1.3Replacement
engine
parts,
not
manufactured by the original engine
manufacturer e.g. piston, conrod, crankpin
assembly can be used for reconditioning
purposes providing they don’t offer a
power advantage.
10.29.1.4Exhaust systems are free.
10.29.1.5Carburettor must be as supplied by
the engine manufacturer for the model
but removed jets and needles may be
changed.
10.29.1.6Data loggers are not allowed.
10.30.2 Permitted Modifications
10.30.2.1The following may be modified:
a) External gearing,
b) Carburettor jetting,
c) Handlebars and footrests, provided
original mounting points are used.
10.30.2.2Only treaded tyres may be fitted.
10.30.2.3Tyre warmers may be used.
10.29.2Tyres
10.29.2.1Tyres must:
a) Be commercially available in
Australia, and homologated,
b) Be worn to no more than the
minimum tread depth indicators.
10.29.2.2Treaded or slick tyres may be fitted.
10.29.2.2
Tyre warmers may be used. Tyre
treatment may not be used.
10.31.1 Grid Positions
10.31.1.1 There must be a maximum of 5 riders per
row with a minimum of one metre between
the riders; and
10.31.1.2 There must be a minimum of 2 metres
between rows.
10.31.1.3 No more than 30 riders may participate in
each race.
10.29.3 Permitted Modifications
10.29.3.1The following may be altered or modified:
a) The fuel system, with a one-way
vented system breathing into a
separate steel or aluminium catch
bottle with a minimum capacity of
250cc,
b) The cylinder and cylinder head, for
the purposes of repair but original
material and all original dimensions
must be retained,
c) Spark plug type and range,
d) Front fork oil and spring pre-load
settings,
e) Brake friction materials,
f) Sprockets and chains,
g) The cooling system.
10.29.3.2Paper or foam type filters may be fitted.
10.29.3.3Still air boxes or air filter assemblies may
be fitted.
10.29.3.4No alterations or modifications are
permitted other than stated in these rules.
10.30
JUNIOR 160CC SOLO
10.30.1 Machine Eligibility
10.30.1.1Machines must be 4-stroke and OEM.
10.30.1.2Data loggers are not allowed.
SECTION 10H: MINIMOTO
10.31
COMPETITION RULES
10.31.2Starts
10.31.2.1
Unless otherwise provided for in
supplementary regulations, massed starts
must be used.
10.31.2.2
Unless otherwise provided for in
supplementary regulations, qualifying for
starting positions must be held.
10.31.2.3In the absence of qualifying, the Clerk
of Course must allocate starting grid
positions.
10.31.3 False Starts
10.31.3.1Upon recommendation of the Clerk of
Course, a board showing “Stop & Go” as
well as the riding number will be shown at
the finish area to the rider who made the
false start.
10.31.3.2 The rider making the false start must:
a) Go to the designated “Stop & Go”
penalty zone,
b) Bring their machine to a stop (the
engine must not be turned off),
c) Remain stationary for a full seconds.
10.31.3.3 The rider may then re-join the race.
10.31.3.4 This procedure is under the strict control
of the designated Marshals,
a) If a rider fails to stop after being
shown the Stop & Go board three
times, the rider will be black flagged,
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10 ROAD RACE
b) If more than one rider is to be
penalised, the riders will be signaled
on subsequent laps,
c) Where the Marshals have been
unable to carry out the “Stop & Go”
procedure before the end of the race,
the rider will incur a time penalty of
15 seconds.
10.32
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
10.33
FRAMES AND PARTS
10.32.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Minimoto competition
unless wearing the protective clothing
and equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
10.33.0.1 Minimotos must be fixed or rigid frames
with no suspension.
10.33.0.2 Minimotos must have a working handlebar
mounted engine kill-switch.
10.33.0.3Foot pegs must be covered in plastic,
rubber or nylon.
10.33.1Tyres
10.33.1.1 Knobby tyres are not permitted.
10.33.1.2Treaded road tyres may be used at any
time.
10.33.2Rims
10.33.2.1 Rims must be 6.5” diameter.
10.33.3Brakes
10.33.3.1 A pin or locknut must be fitted to the brake
pad fixture. The safety wire used on the
brake caliper bolts must be visible.
10.33.3.2Brakes may be cable or hydraulically
operated.
10.33.3.3Handlebar levers must have ball ends
with a minimum diameter of 10mm.
10.34ENGINES
92
10.34.1 As per GCR 10.16 plus:
10.34.1.1 Lock wiring used on oil and water filler
caps and drain plugs must be visible.
10.34.1.2 A non-return valve must be fitted to the
tank breather pipe which must discharge
into a catch tank with a minimum capacity
of 100cc.
10.34.1.3 Final drive must be single speed via a dry
centrifugal clutch (adjustable allowable).
10.34.1.4 Fuel must not leak when machine is laid
on each side. Use of an O-ring under cap
permitted.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.34.2Minimoto
10.34.2.1Junior riders (under 16 years) cannot
compete with Senior riders.
10.34.2.2Seniors and Juniors Class 1: Basic
CAG (Chinese air-cooled copy of Italian
original):
a) Capacity: Maximum 51cc,
b) Crankcase: Standard air-cooled CAG
only,
c) Crankshaft: Standard half circle CAG
only,
d) Connecting rod & piston: Chinese
made,
e) Seals: Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
f) Head/Barrel: Standard CAG only,
maximum two intake & one exhaust
port without modification, must be
cast only,
g) Coil: Standard CAG only,
h) Timing key allowed,
i) Flywheel: Standard without
modification,
j) Spark Plug: Open,
k) Clutch: Open,
l) Carburettor: Maximum 15mm bore,
m) Air filter: Open,
n) Reed block: Standard CAG only,
o) Reeds: Material open,
p) Exhaust system: Open,
q) Tyres: Open,
r) Gear ratios: Open,
s) Machining: Porting, machining
(including polishing) of barrel/head,
crankcase, crankshaft, con-rod,
piston or flywheel is NOT permitted,
t) Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.3 Seniors and Juniors Class 2: Pro CAG.
a) Capacity: Up to 51cc,
b) Crankcase: Standard air-cooled CAG
only,
c) Crankshaft: Open,
d) Connecting rod & piston: Chinese
made,
e) Seals: Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
f)
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
Head/Barrel: Open,
Coil: Standard CAG only,
Timing keyway allowed,
Flywheel: Open,
Spark Plug: Open,
Clutch: Open,
Carburettor: Open,
Air filter: Open,
Reed block: Open,
Reeds: Material open,
Exhaust system: Open,
Tyres: Open,
Gear ratios: Open,
Chain: Open,
Machining: Open,
Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.4Seniors and Juniors Class 3: Elite Aircooled.
a) Capacity: Maximum 51cc air-cooled
only,
b) Crankcase: Open,
c) Crankshaft: Open,
d) Connecting rod & piston: Open,
e) Seals, Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
f) Head/Barrel: Open,
g) Coil: Open,
h) Timing key: Open,
i) Flywheel: Open,
j) Spark Plug: Open,
k) Clutch: Open,
l) Clutch Bell: Open,
m) Carburettor: Open,
n) Air filter: Open,
o) Reed block: Open,
p) Reeds: Material open,
q) Exhaust system: Open,
r) Tyres: Open,
s) Gear ratios: Open,
t) Machining: Open,
u) Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10 ROAD RACE
10.34.2.5Seniors and Juniors Class 4: Basic
Chinese Water-cooled:
a) Capacity: Maximum 51cc,
b) Crankcase: Chinese,
c) Crankshaft: Chinese,
d) Connecting rod & piston: Chinese
made,
e) Seals, Bearings, Gaskets: Open
f) Barrel / Head: Standard Chinese for
that model,
g) Coil: Standard Chinese,
h) Timing key: Standard Chinese,
i) Flywheel: Original Chinese,
j) Spark Plug: Open,
k) Clutch: Open,
l) Carburettor: Open,
m) Air filter: Open,
n) Reed block: Standard Chinese, reed
spacer accepted,
o) Reeds: Material open,
p) Exhaust system: Chinese made, but
can be modified to suit application.
Stinger/muffler open,
q) Tyres: Open,
r) Gear ratios: Open,
s) Machining: Porting, machining
(including polishing) of barrel/head,
crankcase, crankshaft, con-rod,
piston or flywheel is NOT permitted,
t) Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.6 Seniors and Juniors Class 5: Pro Chinese
Water-cooled:
a) Capacity: Maximum 51cc,
b) Crankcase: Chinese made,
c) Crankshaft: Chinese made,
d) Connecting rod & piston: Chinese
made,
e) Seals, Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
f) Barrel: Chinese made,
g) Head: Open,
h) Coil: Open,
i) Timing key: Open,
j) Flywheel: Open,
k) Spark Plug: Open,
93
10 ROAD RACE
l)
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
u)
Clutch: Open,
Carburettor: Open,
Air filter: Open,
Reed block: Open,
Reed Material: Open,
Exhaust system: Open,
Tyres: Open,
Gear ratios: Open,
Machining: Open,
Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.7 Seniors and Juniors Class 6: Elite Open
40cc:
a) May be air or water-cooled,
b) Origin open, (may be Chinese or
European made),
c) Capacity: Maximum 40cc,
d) Crankcase: Open,
e) Crankshaft: Open, maximum
39.2mm stroke,
f) Connecting rod & piston: Open,
g) Seals, Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
h) Head/Barrel: Open,
i) Coil: Open,
j) Timing key: Open,
k) Flywheel: Open,
l) Spark Plug: Open,
m) Clutch: Open,
n) Clutch Bell: Open,
o) Carburettor: Maximum 14mm. Must
be marked as 14mm or less by
OEM, or Carburetor must be sized
before commencement of racing by
the Clerk Of Course, then marked
and sealed,
p) Air filter: Open,
q) Reed block: Open,
r) Reeds: Material Open,
s) Exhaust system: Open,
t) Tyres: Open,
u) Gear ratios: Open,
v) Chain: Open,
w) Machining: Open,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
x) Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.8 Seniors and Juniors Class 7: Elite Open
50cc;
a) May be air or watercooled,
b) Origin open, (may be Chinese or
European made),
c) Capacity: Maximum 51cc,
d) Crankcase: Open,
e) Crankshaft: Open,
f) Connecting rod & piston: Open,
g) Seals, Bearings, Gaskets: Open,
h) Head/Barrel: Open,
i) Coil: Open,
j) Timing key: Open,
k) Flywheel: Open,
l) Spark Plug: Open,
m) Clutch: Open,
n) Clutch Bell: Open,
o) Carburettor: Open,
p) Air filter: Open,
q) Reed block: Open,
r) Reeds: Material Open,
s) Exhaust system: Open,
t) Tyres: Open,
u) Gear ratios: Open,
v) Chain: Open,
w) Machining: Open,
x) Non-programmable ignition systems
must be used. No combustion
enhancers such as NOS may be
used and all bikes must be naturally
aspirated.
10.34.2.9 Seniors and Juniors Class 8: Maxi Bikes:
a) Capacity: Up to 51cc 2-stroke or up
to 110cc 4-stroke air-cooled,
b) Motor: Chinese,
c) Maximum 12’ wheels,
d) Gear box: CVT or locked in one gear
no manual changing of gears,
e) All other parts open,
f) Tyres: Open,
g) No combustion enhancers such as
NOS.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11
HISTORIC ROAD RACING
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 97
SECTION 11A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 97
11.1 CATEGORIES FOR AUSTRALIAN HISTORIC ROAD RACE CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .. 97
11.2 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 97
SECTION 11B: COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 97
11.3PERIODS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 97
11.4CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 98
SECTION 11C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 98
11.5 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 98
11.6 ELIGIBILITY: MACHINES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 98
11.7 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 99
11.8 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 99
11.9 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 99
11.10 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 100
11.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN HISTORIC ROAD RACE CHAMPIONSHIP. 103
96
SECTION 11D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
11.12 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.13FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
11.14ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.15 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
103
103
103
103
104
SECTION 11E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: PERIOD.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.16 ALL CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.17 PERIOD 1 AND 2 SOLO.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.18 PERIOD 3 SOLO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.19 PERIOD 4 SOLO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.20 PERIOD 5 SOLO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.21 PERIOD 6 SOLO .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.22 SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS: GENERAL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
11.23 PERIOD 1 AND 2 SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.24 PERIOD 3 SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.25 PERIOD 4 SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
11.26 PERIOD 5 SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
104
104
105
105
106
107
107
109
109
109
110
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11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The following Rules governing Historic Road Racing
motorcycles are written to facilitate the organisation
of uniform and fair competition.
The express purpose of these Rules is to ensure
the motorcycles are in a condition that is visually
compatible with the period of racing being portrayed.
These Rules are to be interpreted so as to ensure
that motorcycles are presented in the spirit of the
period. All machines should be prepared to a high
standard of cosmetic appearance.
SECTION 11A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
11.1
CATEGORIES FOR AUSTRALIAN
HISTORIC ROAD RACE
CHAMPIONSHIPS
HISTORIC ROAD RACING
Solo Up to 125cc
Solo 132cc to 250cc
Solo 263cc to 350cc (excludes Period 6)
Solo 368cc to 500cc
Solo 526cc to 1300cc (excludes Period 6)
Sidecar Up to 1300cc (excludes Period 6)
Period 2 Up to 350cc
Period 2 368cc to 1300cc
Period 3 Formula 700 526cc to 700cc
Period 4 Formula 750 526cc to 750cc
Period 5 Formula 750 526cc to 750cc
Period 6 250 Production Solo 250cc
Period 6 Formula 750 Solo 526cc to 1000cc
Period 6 Formula 1300 Solo 788cc to 1300cc
11.2
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
11.2.1 Individual Competitions
11.2.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
11.2.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 10 or more bona fide entries for all
solo classes,
b) 6 or more bona fide entries for
sidecar classes.
11.2.2.3 A bona fide entry is defined as a full entry
received quoting:
a) A current MA National or National
one-event licence for the rider,
b) An MA Historic Logbook number for
the machine entered,
c) Current contact details for the
entrant,
d) An entry fee paid, and
e) The entry not withdrawn prior to the
commencement of the race meeting.
SECTION 11B: COMPETITION CLASSES
11.3
PERIODS
11.3.0.1 For the purposes of determining eligibility,
machines are categorised as follows:
PERIOD
Period 1
NAME
Veteran
DATE RANGES
Up to 31 December 1919
Period 2
Vintage
Period 3
Classic
Period 4
Post Classic
Period 5
Forgotten
Era
New Era
1 January 1920 to
31 December 1945
1 January 1946 to
31 December 1962
1 January 1963 to
31 December 1972
1 January 1973 to
31 December 1982
1st January 1983 to
31 December 1990
Period 6
11.2.2 All Competitions
11.2.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
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11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
11.4
CLASSES
11.4.0.1 For the purposes of determining eligibility
there will be the following classes:
CLASS
Ultra lightweight
Lightweight
Junior
TYPE
Solo
Solo
Solo
Senior
Unlimited
Solo
Solo
Sidecar
Sidecar
Period 2 Junior
Period 2 Senior
Period 2 Unlimited
Period 3 Formula 700
Note: This class is
for push rod engines
only and there is no
capacity tolerance.
Period 4 Formula 750
Period 5 Formula 750
Period 6 250
Production
Note: machine
must have either a
compliance plate
fitted or supporting
documentation of the
year of manufacture.
Period 6 Formula 750
Solo
Solo
Solo
Solo
Up to 350cc
Up to 500cc
368cc to 1300cc
526cc to 700cc
Solo
Solo
Solo
526cc to 750cc
526cc to 750cc
250cc
Solo
526cc to 750cc
four cylinder &
750cc to 1000cc
two cylinder
788cc to 1300cc
Period 6 Formula
1300
Solo
CAPACITY
Up to 125cc
132cc to 250cc
263cc to 350cc
(excludes Period 6)
368cc to 500cc
526cc to 1300cc
(excludes Period 6)
Up to 1300cc
(excludes Period 6)
SECTION 11C: COMPETITION RULES
98
11.5
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
11.5.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
11.5.0.2At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.5.0.3 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
11.5.0.4 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
11.6
ELIGIBILITY: MACHINES
11.6.0.1 Machines are eligible to enter:
a) The capacity and era class as shown
in the machine’s logbook and,
b) The next available capacity class in
that era.
11.6.0.2 Period 3 500cc machines are not allowed
to compete in the Formula 700 class.
11.6.0.3 In cases where classes are combined
to be run concurrently in the same race,
points shall only be awarded for the class
for which the machine holds an eligible
logbook.
11.6.1 Log Books
11.6.1.1 Log books are mandatory for Historic
Road Racing competitions.
11.6.1.2 With the exception of machines covered
by GCR 11.6.2, machines that do not hold
a log book cannot compete.
11.6.1.3Log book application forms are
available from the MA website
www.ma.org.au.
11.6.1.4 To assist in the issuing of a logbook
upon completion of the machine, before
commencing the building of a machine
that consists primarily of replicated
parts, plans and specifications must be
submitted to MA for interim approval.
Application forms for this purpose are
available from www.ma.org.au.
11.6.1.5 Issuing of a log book is regarded as
prima facie acceptance by MA of proof of
eligibility of machines and modifications
as presented. This does not remove the
rights of challenge or protest.
11.6.1.6 Log books must:
a) Be produced by the entrant at
scrutineering,
b) Be available for presentation at any
other time during the race meeting,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Contain provision for scrutineers to
record any alterations or changes to
machine.
11.6.1.7Changes to major components must
be approved by the Historic Road Race
Commission. Eligibility Scrutineers are
only permitted to record minor component
changes.
11.6.2 International Competitors
11.6.2.1 Bona fide International competitors riding
machines from countries other than
Australia may compete without a log book
providing prior approval is granted by MA.
11.6.2.2 Overseas competitors’ machines must
comply with either their own competition
rules or those of Australia, and not be a
combination of both to gain a competitive
advantage.
11.7
GENERAL RULES
11.7.1Homologation
11.7.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details, contact MA.
11.7.2Cameras
11.7.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design of
the manufacturer.
11.8
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
11.8.0.1 No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Historic Road Racing
competition unless wearing the protective
equipment and clothing as outlined in
Appendix A: Protective Clothing and
Equipment.
11.9
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
11.9.1 Number Plates
11.9.1.1 For all competitions three number plates
must be fitted – one at the front and one
on each side.
11.9.1.2 Number plates must:
a) Be produced to a matt finish,
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
b) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
c) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
d) In the case of bolt-on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
e) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
11.9.1.3 Front number plates must have figures
that are clearly visible at a distance of 20
metres and a solid border 10mm wide.
11.9.1.4 Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest.
11.9.1.5 Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
11.9.1.6 Advertising must be at least 25mm clear
of the background of a number plate
background and the rider’s name by
either a gap or a contrasting colour strip
unless the advertising is an integral part
of the back plate cover.
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99
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.9.2 Number Plate Colours
11.9.2.1 Colours must be as follows:
CAPACITY or CLASS
Up to 125cc
126cc to 250cc
251cc to 350cc
351cc to 500cc
501cc to 750cc
750cc to 1000cc (Formula 750 only)
751cc and over
Up to 500cc Sidecar
Over 500cc Sidecar
BACKGROUND COLOUR
Black
Dark Green
Mid Blue
Canary Yellow
White
White
Mail Box Red
Canary Yellow
White
11.9.3 Number Plate Figures
11.9.3.1 Font style is free; however, the onus for
legibility rests with the entrant.
11.9.3.2Figures must be clearly legible, the
minimum dimensions being:
DIMENSION
MEASUREMENT
(mm)
Height
140
Width of each figure
75
Space between figures
25
Space between figures
and edge of plate
12
11.10
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
11.10.1 Flags and Signals
11.10.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
11.10.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Track Flags & Signals.
11.10.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by a light signal.
11.10.2 Measurement at Meetings
11.10.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
11.10.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
FIGURE COLOUR
White
White
White
Black
Black
Black
White
Black
Black
11.10.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
11.10.3.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
11.10.3.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
11.10.3.3 The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
11.10.3.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a Measurer. All Measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event.
11.10.4Starts
11.10.4.1All competitors must, in relation to the
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
ii) The pit lane,
iii) The rear of the field, or
iv) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
11.10.4.2The method of starting will be as
prescribed by supplementary regulations.
11.10.4.3The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
b) For flying starts, when the starting
line is crossed.
11.10.5Finishes
11.10.5.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance,
• Is still competing in the event on
the lap in which the chequered
flag is displayed to the winner,
with the sequence of completion
of event being the determinant
of placings.
b) The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 11.10.5.1 a),
c) The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
d) Where there are two competitors
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
e) In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
11.10.6 Stopping Events
11.10.6.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
11.10.6.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident,
could not continue in the event.
11.10.7 Stopping and Re-Running Events
11.10.7.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
may declare the event void and order a
re-run.
11.10.7.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
b) Having regard to any advancement
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11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
11.10.7.3 A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
11.10.7.4In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety,
may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from,
v) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
11.10.7.5If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the penultimate lap of the
race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
11.10.8Change of Machine during a
Competition
11.10.8.1 During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.10.9 Radio Communication
11.10.9.1 Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
11.10.10 Scoring
11.10.10.1The results for each competitor in each
event will be determined by the allocation
to that competitor of points in accordance
with the following table:
PLACE
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
POINTS
25
20
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
PLACE
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
POINTS
10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
11.10.10.2If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one race, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final race of the event will be awarded the
position.
11.10.10.3 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a Series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placing’s in the
Series will be awarded the position.
11.10.10.4An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
11.10.10.5If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
11.10.10.6 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.11
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN HISTORIC ROAD
RACE CHAMPIONSHIP
11.11.1 Allocation of Numbers
11.11.1.1
The current Australian Championship
title holding rider in every Historic Road
Race Championship class is entitled to
the Number 1 number plate for use in the
capacity class for which the title is held.
11.11.1.2If the current champion in the respective
Australian Championship class is not
entered, or declines to use the Number
1 plate, the plate shall not be used by
another competitor in that class.
11.11.2Format
11.11.2.1The Australian Historic Road Race
Championship will be conducted as a
single meeting at a venue selected by the
Historic Road Race Commission.
11.11.2.2
The Australian Championship shall
consist of no more than 3 races per period
per class.
11.11.2.3Race distances will be determined by
the Historic Road Race Commission, in
consultation with the Promoter.
11.11.3 Log Books
11.11.3.1Machines entered in the Australian
Historic Road Race Championships must
have a log book issued by MA, or be
covered by GCR 11.6.2 .
11.11.3.2Log book application forms are available
on www.ma.org.au or from State
Controlling Bodies.
11.11.3.3Log book applications may not be
processed if lodged within 6 weeks of the
Championship.
SECTION 11D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
11.12
SOUND EMISSIONS
11.12.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
11.13 FUEL
11.13.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
11.14 ENGINES
11.14.1General
11.14.1.1Engine capacity must not exceed 1300cc.
11.14.1.2Period 6 only: overbore limit of 5% for
engine reconditioning above the original
manufacturer’s capacity, provided that the
upper limit of 1300cc is not exceeded.
11.14.2 Reciprocating Engines
The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
11.14.3 Rotary Engines:
Cubic capacity = (Z x V)
N
Where:
V = Capacity of each chamber comprising the engine in cubic centimetres,
N = Number of turns of the motor necessary to complete 1 cycle in a chamber, and
Z = Combustion cycles per revolution.
11.14.4Wankel System Engines With a
Triangular Piston
Cubic capacity = 2 x V x D
Where:
V = Capacity of a single chamber,
D = The number of rotors.
11.14.4.1Wankel system engines are classified as
4-strokes.
11.14.5 Superchargers and Turbochargers
11.14.5.1Superchargers and turbochargers may
only be used as follows:
a) In drag racing or record attempts,
b) In Production Class or Improved
Touring racing when fitted as factory
equipment,
c) The nominal cubic capacity of an
engine as calculated under 11.14.2,
11.14.3 or 11.14.4 that is fitted with a
supercharger or a turbocharger shall
be multiplied by 2 for the purposes of
engine classification,
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11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
d) For Historic Road Race Period
2 machines, when fitted with a
supercharger as factory equipment.
11.14.6 Engine Capacity Tolerances
11.14.6.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class in Historic
Road Race may not exceed the prescribed
capacity for that class by more than 5%.
11.15 FRAMES AND PARTS
11.15.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles
is also forbidden unless OEM. The
use of titanium alloy nuts and bolts is
allowed.
11.15.1 Compulsory Modifications
11.15.1.1 The following parts must be removed from
any machine before it may be entered in a
competition:
a)Headlamp,
b) Tail lamp,
c) Traffic indicators,
d) Reflectors,
e)Horns,
f) Rear vision mirrors,
g) Centre, rear and side stands,
h) Registration plate and label holder.
11.15.1.2Any sharp edges left by the removal of
these components must be protected by
a rolled edge or beading of a minimum
diameter of 3mm.
104
11.15.2General
11.15.2.1All machines must be fitted with a
functioning engine cut out switch which
must be either a lanyard type or handle
bar mounted.
11.15.2.2Plugs or caps which, if removed, permit
the discharge of any lubricating, cooling
or hydraulic fluids must be lockwired
or otherwise secured in the tightened
position in a manner approved by the
scrutineer. All high pressure oil lines
to be secured by a pressure type fitting
on Period 4, Period 5 and Period 6
machines. Worm drive hose clips may be
used on Period 1, Period 2 and Period 3
machines.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.15.2.3All hoses must be securely fitted
and guarded to prevent contact with:
a) The ground, and
b) Tyres or other moving parts over the
full movement of the suspension.
11.15.2.4All machines must be fitted with an oil
catch tank of a minimum capacity of
500cc, to be emptied at the end of each
race.
11.15.2.5The only liquid coolants permitted are is
water and non-glycol coolants. Glycol
and coolants manufactured with glycol
are not allowed. No additives allowed.
11.15.2.6A self-closing throttle must be fitted.
11.15.2.7Four-valve heads are prohibited in all
periods unless originally fitted by the
manufacturer, or were a proven period
modification.
11.15.2.8Front and rear brake caliper mounting
bolts to be lockwired in the tightened
position.
11.15.2.9Frame protection devices may be added
to run lengthwise along the frame,
providing they do not protrude more than
80mm from the bodywork and are no
more than 80mm in diameter.
11.15.2.10Where the exhaust system or swing arm
does not shield the sprocket a chain
guard must be fitted in such a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain and the final drive sprocket at the
rear wheel.
SECTION 11E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
PERIOD
11.16 ALL CLASSES
11.16.0.1The onus of proof of eligibility shall rest
wholly upon the rider or entrant of the
machine. Service and Parts Manual
publication dates are not proof of eligibility.
11.16.0.2Entrants must enter their motorcycles
at historic meetings quoting the year of
manufacture.
11.16.0.3The eligibility and dating of Historic
motorcycles shall be considered in terms
of major and minor components and the
period of the motorcycle shall be the
period of the latest major component.
11.16.0.4For the purpose of these rules ‘year of
manufacture’ is defined as the year in which:
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
a) For a road-based machine,
the machine or its latest major
component was first generally
available for sale and delivery to the
purchaser,
b) For a race bike, the year in which
the machine or the latest major
component first appeared in open
competition.
11.16.0.5 The dating of replicated major components
is defined as the year of manufacture of
the original component being replicated.
11.16.0.6Major components are:
a) All engine and gearbox external
castings,
b)Frames,
c)Swingarms,
d)Brakes,
e) Forks and fork yokes.
11.16.0.7All other components shall be considered
as minor components.
11.16.0.8
Major
components
that
were
manufactured outside a specific period,
but which are visually indistinguishable
when assembled from period components
shall be eligible for that period.
11.16.0.9 Modifications to major components are
allowed, providing such modifications
are visually indistinguishable from
modifications proven to have been used
in the period.
11.16.0.10Components, whether major or minor,
prohibited from use in any period will
be deemed to be prohibited from use
in all earlier periods unless specifically
permitted under these Rules.
11.16.0.11 Minor components may be modified
or updated, provided that they remain
visually compatible with the period being
depicted.
11.16.0.12Components manufactured outside the
period are eligible, if permitted under
these Rules.
11.16.0.13Fairings, streamlinings and cosmetic
components must be based on patterns
known and used in the period.
11.16.0.14Worm drive hose clamps on oil lines are
permitted for Periods 1, 2 and 3 only.
11.16.0.15
All machines, whether standard
or modified, must comply with the
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
specifications of the period.
11.16.0.16Everything that is not authorised and
prescribed for use under these Rules is
strictly forbidden.
11.17 PERIOD 1 AND 2 SOLO
11.17.1 Requirements: Period 1 and 2
11.17.1.1At least one efficient braking system and
a primary drive guard if so driven;
11.17.1.2Oval number plates.
11.17.1.3
Unless otherwise contained in the
machine’s original specifications, wheel
rim widths must not exceed WM3.
11.17.1.4
Major
components
that
were
manufactured outside a specific period
but which are visually compatible with
period components shall be eligible at
the discretion of the Historic Road Race
Commission.
11.17.2 Permitted Uses: Period 1 and 2
11.17.2.1 Pure methanol fuel with no additives other
than lubricating oil.
11.17.2.2Amal GP, Monobloc and MK1 concentric
to 35mm (1 ⅜ inch).
11.17.2.3All period carburettors.
11.17.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 1 and 2
11.17.3.1Slick or grooved slick tyres.
11.17.3.2Shock absorbers with remote or external
reservoirs.
11.18 PERIOD 3 SOLO
11.18.1 Requirements: Period 3
11.18.1.1
Unless otherwise contained in the
machine’s original specifications, wheel
rim dimensions of a minimum of 18”
(457mm) diameter, and maximum WM3
width on all wheels.
11.18.1.2Oval number plates.
11.18.1.3Front and Rear Brakes: Any drum brake
with a maximum internal diameter of
230mm.
11.18.1.4All lateral covers/engine cases containing
oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected
by a second cover made from steel or
aluminium, or be fitted with heavy duty
crash resistant end cases made from solid
metal. Plates and/or bars from aluminium
or steel are also permitted. All these
105
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
devices must be designed to be resistant
against sudden shocks and must be fixed
properly and securely. Bonding alone is
not a suitable method of mounting.
11.18.2 Permitted Uses: Period 3
11.18.2.1 Pure methanol fuel with no additives other
than lubricating oil.
11.18.2.2The following carburettors:
a) All non-period Amal carburettors up
to 40mm, or
b) Dellorto SS1 and Dellorto concentric
non-pumper carburettors up to
40mm,
c) Keihin CR and PW round bore series
carburettors up to a nominal 30mm,
d) Mikuni VM round slide carburettors
up to 40mm,
e) Gardner Type C carburettors up to
40mm.
11.18.2.3Diaphragm clutches, tooth belt drives
and electronic ignition, provided they are
concealed from view.
11.18.2.4Triumph 8- and 9-stud cylinder heads.
11.18.2.5Reinforced gearbox castings.
11.18.2.6Cerani GP Forks or replicas thereof (e.g. Maxton).
11.18.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 3
11.18.3.1Direct crankcase induction other than
rotary disc valve on 2 -stroke engines.
11.18.3.2Reed valves on 2-strokes.
11.18.3.3
Non-motorcycle
engines
and
transmissions.
11.18.3.4 Disc brakes.
11.18.3.5Slick or grooved slick tyres.
11.18.3.6Shock absorbers with remote or external
reservoirs.
11.19 PERIOD 4 SOLO
11.19.1 Requirements: Period 4
11.19.1.1
Unless otherwise contained in the
machine’s original specifications, wheel
rim dimensions of:
a) minimum 18” (457mm) diameter, and
maximum WM4 width on all wheels,
b) 750cc - 1000cc Max. 2.5 Front
750cc - 1000cc Max. 3.00 Rear
11.19.1.2Period forks:
a) Forks of a type manufactured
in the period up to a maximum
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
diameter of 38mm,
b) Forks which replicate the type
manufactured in the period up to a
maximum diameter of 38mm.
11.19.1.3Oval or rectangular number plates.
11.19.1.4Reed valves and crank case induction on
2-stroke engines, but only if the engine of
original manufacture was so fitted.
11.19.1.5All lateral covers/engine cases containing
oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected
by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar, or be
fitted with heavy duty crash resistant
end cases made from solid metal. Plates
and/or bars from aluminium or steel are
also permitted. All these devices must be
designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and
securely. Bonding alone is not a suitable
method of mounting.
11.19.1.6 All high pressure oil lines to be secured by
a pressure type fitting; worm drive clamps
do not comply.
11.19.2 Permitted Uses: Period 4
11.19.2.1Mechanical fuel injection.
11.19.2.2 Pure methanol fuel with no additives other
than lubricating oil.
11.19.2.3 Keihin CR Special round slide carburettors
up to 33mm bore size.
11.19.2.4Lockheed 4-fin brake calipers.
11.19.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 4
11.19.3.1Accessory air assisted front forks.
11.19.3.2Electronic fuel injection.
11.19.3.3All power jet carburettors and all other
carburettors that are fitted with any form
of auxiliary/primary jet mounted so as to
feed into the air stream prior to the main
carburettor body.
11.19.3.4Mono-shock rear ends.
11.19.3.5The following machines or their major
components:
a) Kawasaki 900Z1,
b) Yamaha TZ,
c) Yamaha RD.
11.19.3.6Mag wheels (cast metal wheels).
11.19.3.7Rear disc brakes, unless originally factory
fitted.
11.19.3.8Slick or grooved slick tyres.
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.19.3.9Shock absorbers with remote or external
reservoirs.
11.20 PERIOD 5 SOLO
11.20.1 Requirements: Period 5
11.20.1.1
Unless otherwise contained in the
machine’s original specifications,
a) For 125cc to 500cc machines, the
wheel rim must have:
i) A minimum diameter of 18”
(457mm), and
ii) A maximum width of 2.5”
(63.5mm) front and 4”
(101.6mm) rear.
b) For Unlimited class, the wheel rim
must have:
i) Minimum diameters of 16”
(407mm) front and minimum of
17” (432mm) rear, and
ii) A maximum width of 3.5” (89
mm) front and 5” (127mm) rear.
11.20.1.2Period forks:
a) Forks of a type manufactured in the
period up to a maximum diameter of
41mm,
b) Forks which replicate the type
manufactured in the period up to a
maximum diameter of 41mm.
11.20.1.3Rectangular number plates.
11.20.1.4Front and rear brakes:
a) Manufactured in the period, or
b) Which replicate those manufactured
in the period.
11.20.1.5All lateral covers/engine cases containing
oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected
by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar , or be
fitted with heavy duty crash resistant
end cases made from solid metal. Plates
and/or bars from aluminium or steel are
also permitted. All these devices must be
designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and
securely. Bonding alone is not a suitable
method of mounting.
11.20.1.6 All high pressure oil lines to be secured by
a pressure type fitting; worm drive clamps
do not comply.
11.20.2 Permitted Uses: Period 5
11.20.2.1The following machines or their major
components:
a) Kawasaki 900Z1,
b) Yamaha TZ,
c) Yamaha RD and LC.
11.20.2.2
Spoked and mag-type (cast metal)
wheels.
11.20.2.3Slick type racing tyres, cut slicks and
racing wets.
11.20.2.4 The swingarm must be as manufactured or
modified in accordance with modifications
carried out in the period, or an aftermarket
item available in the period, or a replica
of an aftermarket item available in the
period.
11.20.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 5
11.20.3.1Floating front and rear discs unless:
a) Manufactured in the period, or
b) Which replicate those manufactured
in the period.
11.20.3.2 The following machines or their major and
minor components:
a) Yamaha TZ250H,
b) Yamaha TZ250J,
c) 1981 Suzuki RG 500,
d) 1982 Suzuki RG 500.
11.20.3.3 Unless contained in the machine’s original
specifications, all anti-dive devices and
external fork damping.
11.20.3.4Replica fork sliders, calipers and anti-dive
devices must be visually indistinguishable
from factory original.
11.20.3.5Electronic fuel injection.
11.20.3.6The use of carbon fibre and Kevlar
materials, and other materials presented
as having the appearance of carbon fibre,
with the exception of Period 5 two-stroke
exhaust systems only.
11.21
PERIOD 6 SOLO
11.21.1 Requirements: Period 6
11.21.1.1Period forks:
a) Conventional forks of a type
manufactured in the period up to a
maximum diameter of 43mm,
b) Conventional forks which replicate
the type manufactured in the period
up to a maximum diameter of
43mm,
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11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
c) Inverted forks may only be used if
originally fitted to the machine by
the manufacturer.
11.21.1.2Rectangular number plates.
11.21.1.3Front and rear brakes must be:
a) Manufactured in the period, or
b) Which replicate those manufactured
in the period.
11.21.1.4All lateral covers/engine cases containing
oil and which could be in contact with the
ground during a crash, must be protected
by a second cover made from composite
materials, type carbon or Kevlar, or be
fitted with heavy duty crash resistant
end cases made from solid metal. Plates
and/or bars from aluminium or steel are
also permitted. All these devices must be
designed to be resistant against sudden
shocks and must be fixed properly and
securely. Bonding alone is not a suitable
method of mounting.
11.21.1.5Formula 750/1300 Based Machines
To be eligible for a Formula class,
machines shall be of a make and
model that was generally available to
the Australian public during the period
as supplied by the original factory of
manufacture for normal road use. It is
expected that machines will not be altered
significantly from the original specification;
accordingly all modifications will need to
be proven to be of the period.
The following items must remain standard
to the original specification to comply with
Formula classification:
a) Frame (from steering head to rear
of seat support) may be braced and
brackets for road-going equipment
may be removed. However the
rear sub frame may be replaced
with an aftermarket item or a rear
sub frame or seat support may be
manufactured,
b) Petrol tank (fillers and taps may be
removed/replaced. Fuel capacity
may be reduced or enlarged as
long as general appearance and
dimensions are not changed),
c) Engine castings,
d) Position of the cylinders and heads
relative to the crank case,
108
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
e) Number of valves and ports in
the engine on both the intake and
exhaust side,
f) Bodywork and seat changes for
catch tray and provision of suitable
area for numbering are allowed,
g) Internal fairing dam or catch tray
must have a capacity of:
i) 2.5 litres for 2-stroke machines,
ii) 3 litres for 4-stroke machines,
and contain no less than two holes, each
of 25mm which may be opened in wet
race conditions.
11.21.1.6 All high pressure oil lines to be secured by
a pressure type fitting, worm drive clamps
do not comply.
11.21.2 Permitted Uses: Period 6
11.21.2.1Ride height adjuster including dog bones
and linkages.
11.21.2.2Steering damper.
11.21.2.3Tyre choice is open, but wheels must be
from or visually indistinguishable from
models available in the period. And be:
a) Maximum rim width front = 3.5 inch,
b) Maximum rim width rear = 6 inch.
11.21.2.4Fuel tanks maybe changed or modified
provided they appear visually compatible
with period components.
11.21.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 6
11.21.3.1Radial brakes are prohibited.
11.21.3.2Carbon fibre discs are prohibited.
11.21.3.3Carbon fibre wheels are prohibited.
11.21.3.4Replica fork sliders, calipers and anti-dive
devices must be visually indistinguishable
from factory original.
11.21.3.5Superchargers
and
Turbochargers
are prohibited unless originally fitted
equipment.
11.21.3.6Fuel injection where fuel is injected
directly into the combustion chambers
is not permitted. Manifold injection is
allowed provided it is the original system
supplied on the machine.
11.21.3.7The following machines or their major
components:
a) Kawasaki ZXR 750 J
b) Yamaha FZR 1000 RU
c) Suzuki GSX-R1100 M
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
d) Yamaha TZ250B V-twin
Machines that were released for the 1991
model year are excluded unless all major
components remain unchanged, therefore
fully satisfying GCR 11.12
11.21.3.8Period 6 250 Production only: Slick or
grooved slick tyres prohibited.
11.21.4 Period 6 Production
11.21.4.1
Open to all 2-stroke and 4-stroke
production based road bikes. To be
eligible for racing, the motorcycle must
be a production model manufactured
between 1983 – 1990. Period 6
Production machines must comply with
Road Race GCR 10.16 and 10.17.
11.21.4.2 Period 6 250 Production machines.
The following items may be modified
from the original equipment manufacturer
(OEM):
a) Bodywork may be replaced, provided
the replacement bodywork provides
a similar profile to the original
equipment,
b) External gearing and drive chain,
c) Tyres must be manufactured for road
use in all weather conditions (use of
slicks or grooved slicks prohibited),
d) Machines are eligible to run 17” rims,
with a maximum of 3” front and 4.5”
rear, maximum rear tyre size of 165,
e) Brake pads, linings, brake hoses
and brake discs. Front and rear
brake discs may be replaced with
aftermarket brake discs however
they must fit the original caliper
and wheel mounting. The outside
diameter, material and ventilation
system must remain the same as
OEM for the model,
f) Exhaust system, provided it is similar
to OEM,
g)Handlebars,
h) Hand and foot controls,
i) Front fork springs and internals,
j) Rear shock and/or spring,
k) Instrument cluster may be removed
or replaced,
l) Unnecessary brackets may be
removed.
All other parts must remain as supplied
by the manufacturer.
11.22
SIDECARS AND CYCLECARS:
GENERAL
11.22.0.1Ground clearance of no less than 65mm
for the whole of the underside of the
machine (excluding wheels), measured
with the machine handlebars in the
straight ahead position, race ready with
rider and passenger on board.
11.22.0.2Left-hand and right-hand sidecars may
compete against each other in Historic
Road Racing.
11.23
PERIOD 1 AND 2 SIDECARS AND
CYCLECARS
11.23.1 Requirements: Period 1 and 2
11.23.1.1At least one efficient braking system and
a primary drive guard if so driven.
11.23.1.2Sidecars must:
a) Use a frame of a type which could be
ridden solo, with an outrigger sidecar
chassis of tubular steel construction,
b) Be bolted at a minimum of 4 points.
11.23.1.3Wheel rim dimensions of a minimum of
18” (457mm) diameter, and maximum
WM4 width on all wheels.
11.23.1.4Oval number plates.
11.24
PERIOD 3 SIDECARS AND
CYCLECARS
11.24.1 Requirements: Period 3
11.24.1.1The height to the top bearing of the
steering head must be at least 710mm
(28”) unladen.
11.24.1.2Wheel rim diameters of at least:
a) Front 16” (406mm),
b) Rear 13” (330mm),
c) Sidecar 10” (254mm).
11.24.1.3Wheel rim widths of no more than:
a) Front 3” (76mm),
b) Rear 4.5” (115mm),
c) Sidecar 4.5” (114mm 102mm).
11.24.1.4Tyre outside diameters must be at least
22” (560mm) front and rear.
11.24.1.5Oval or rectangular number plates.
11.24.1.6Front and rear Brakes:
a) Any drum brake with a maximum
109
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
internal diameter of 230mm or less,
b) Sidecar wheel brake prohibited,
c) Linking of brakes is prohibited,
d) Front brakes are to be hand
controlled and rear brakes are to be
foot controlled.
11.24.2 Permitted Uses: Period 3
11.24.2.1 Pure methanol fuel with no additives other
than lubricating oil.
11.24.2.2The following carburettors are allowed:
a) All non-period Amal carburettors up
to 40mm,
b) Dellorto SSI and Dellorto concentric
non-pumper carburettors up to
40mm,
c) Keihin CR and PW round bore series
carburettors up to a nominal 30mm,
d) Mikuni VM round slide carburettors
up to 40mm,
e) Gardner Type C carburettors up to
40mm,
f) All period carburettors.
11.24.2.3Diaphragm clutches, tooth belt drives
and electronic ignition, provided they are
concealed from view.
11.24.2.4Triumph 8 and 9-stud cylinder heads.
11.24.2.5
Non-motorcycle wheels and brakes
providing they meet existing dimensional
criteria.
11.24.2.6Reinforced gearbox castings.
11.24.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 3
11.24.3.1Sidecar kneelers.
11.24.3.2
Non-motorcycle
engines
and
transmissions, except where originally
fitted.
11.24.3.3Disc brakes.
11.25
110
PERIOD 4 SIDECARS AND
CYCLECARS
11.25.1 Requirements: Period 4
11.25.1.1Wheel rim diameters of be at least 10”
(254mm).
11.25.1.2Wheel rim widths of no more than 6”
(153mm).
11.25.1.3Moulded tread type tyres.
11.25.1.4Front and rear brakes:
a) Manufactured in the period,
b) Which replicate those manufactured
in the period,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Sidecar brake permitted,
d) Only mechanical brake bias
adjustment permitted,
e) Linking of front and rear brakes
prohibited,
f) Linking of rear and sidecar brakes
permitted,
g) Disc brakes manufactured in the
period or are an exact replica of
those manufactured in the period,
h) Front brakes must be hand
controlled. Rear and linked sidecar
brakes must be foot controlled.
11.25.1.5Front exit sidecar chassis configuration
only.
11.25.1.6Oval or rectangular number plates.
11.25.2 Permitted Uses: Period 4
11.25.2.1 Pure methanol fuel with no additives other
than lubricating oil.
11.25.2.2Mechanical fuel injection.
11.25.2.3
Non-motorcycle wheels and brakes
provided they meet existing dimensional
criteria.
11.25.2.4Hydraulic brake master cylinders of
cylindrical appearance.
11.25.2.5 Keihin CR Special round slide carburettors
up to 33mm bore size.
11.25.2.6Lockheed four-fin brake calipers.
11.25.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 4
11.25.3.1The following machines or their major
components:
a) Kawasaki 900Z1,
b) Yamaha TZ,
c) Yamaha RD.
11.25.3.2Electronic fuel injection.
11.25.3.3Power jet carburettors.
11.26
PERIOD 5 SIDECARS AND
CYCLECARS
11.26.1 Requirements: Period 5
11.26.1.1Wheel rim diameters to be no greater 13”
(330mm).
11.26.1.2Wheel rim widths to be no greater than:
a) Front 7” (178mm),
b) Rear 9” (229mm),
c) Sidecar 8” (203mm).
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
11.26.1.3Rectangular number plates.
11.26.1.4Front, rear and sidecar brakes:
a) Manufactured in the period,
b) Which replicate those manufactured
in the period,
c) Hydraulic bias adjusters permitted,
d) Linking of brakes permitted,
e) Must be fitted with an emergency
system operated by a handlebar
lever with a simple circuit operating
on either front or rear of the
motorcycle.
11.26.1.5
Front and/or rear sidecar exit
configuration.
11.26.1.6Steering / front forks:
a) Leading or trailing forks, with front
wheel equally supported on both
sides,
b) A cycle car with two forward wheels
that was manufactured in the period
or is an exact replica of those
manufactured in the period.
11.26.1.7Sidecars must use a frame of circular or
non-circular tubular steel construction
with a maximum diameter of 102mm
(4”) at the broadest point, which was
manufactured in the period or is a replica
of a frame manufactured in the period.
11.26.1.8Methanol Fuel.
11 HISTORIC ROAD RACING
11.26.2 Permitted Uses: Period 5
11.26.2.1Slick type racing tyres, cut slicks and
racing wets.
11.26.2.2
Motorcycle
engines
that
were
manufactured in the period.
11.26.2.3Methanol fuel.
11.26.3 Prohibited Uses: Period 5
11.26.3.1 Liquid cooled 4-stroke motorcycle engines.
11.26.3.2Rear engine sidecars.
11.26.3.3Steerable sidecar wheels.
11.26.3.4Monocoque construction.
11.26.3.5Banking sidecars.
11.26.3.6Electronic fuel injection.
11.26.3.7Floating front discs unless:
a) Manufactured during the period; or
b) Which replicate those manufactured
during the period.
11.26.3.8 The following machines or their major and
minor components:
a) Suzuki RG500 MKVI,
b) Yamaha TZ250H.
11.26.3.9Unless contained in the machines original
specifications, all anti dive devices and
external fork damping.
11.26.3.10Replica fork sliders, calipers and anti-dive
devices must be visually indistinguishable
from factory original.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12
MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 113
SECTION 12A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. ..
12.2 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN SUPERCROSS CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. ..
12.3 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .
12.4 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
113
113
113
113
113
SECTION 12B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 114
12.5 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES: MOTOCROSS & SUPERCROSS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 114
12.6 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES: MOTOCROSS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 114
112
SECTION 12C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.7 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.8 ELIGIBILITY: AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.9 ELIGIBILITY: SUPERCROSS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.10 ELIGIBILITY: FREESTYLE MOTOCROSS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.11 ELIGIBILITY: SPEED AND STYLE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.12 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.13 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.14 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
12.15 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.16 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.17 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .
12.18 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN SUPERCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP.. .. .. ..
12.19 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN FMX CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
12.20 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN SPEED AND STYLE CHAMPIONSHIP.. . .
12.21 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP..
114
114
115
115
115
116
116
117
117
117
118
124
126
128
128
129
SECTION 12D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
12.22 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.24ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.25 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.26SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.27 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
129
129
129
130
131
132
SECTION 12E: FAST 50S .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12.28 COMPETITION CLASSES: FAST 50s.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.29 COMPETITION RULES: FAST 50S.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
12.30 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: FAST 50s .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
134
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for Motocross
and Supercross.
SECTION 12A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
12.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS
CAPACITY (2 or 4-stroke)
MX1
255cc 122cc and over
MX2
Up 122cc to 250cc
MXD
(16 to under 19)
Up 122cc to 250cc
Women
Sidecars
12.2
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN SUPERCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS
CAPACITY (2 or 4-stroke)
SX1
255cc 122cc to 450cc
SX2
Up 122cc to 250cc
SX2 Women
Up to 250cc
SXD
(16 years to
under 19)
Up 122cc to 250cc
Dean Ferris
2016 Australian MX1 Champion
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.3
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIPS
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
7 to under 9
50cc Division 2
7 to under 9,
9 to under 11,
11 years
65cc
9 to under 12
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard Wheel)
12 to under 14,
14 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard / Big Wheel)
13 to under 15,
15 years
128cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 15,
15 years
100cc to 125cc 2-stroke
9 to under 13,
13 to under 16
Sidecar 80cc-100cc 2-stroke &
150cc 4-stroke
12 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(All Wheels), Girls
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke, Girls
12.4
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
12.4.1 Individual Competitions
12.4.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class at all Australian
Championship meetings.
12.4.2 All Competitions
12.4.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
12.4.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for sidecar classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
c) 8 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races.
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.4.3 Duke of Edinburgh Trophies
12.4.3.1The Duke of Edinburgh Trophies will
be inscribed each year with the names
of the winners of the highest capacity
solo Australian Championship for the
MX1 class of the Australian Motocross
Championships.
12.4.3.2 The trophy will be held by MA.
SECTION 12B: COMPETITION CLASSES
12.5
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES:
MOTOCROSS & SUPERCROSS
CLASS
CAPACITY (2 or 4-stroke)
MX1
255cc 122cc and over
SX1
255cc 122cc to 450cc
MX2/SX2
Up to 250cc.
Wheel sizes:
(16”-19” rear and 19”-21” front)
MXD/SXD
(16 to under 19)
Up to 250cc.
Wheel sizes:
(16”-19” rear and 19”-21” front)
Sidecars
12.6
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES:
MOTOCROSS
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
4 to under 9
50cc Demo
(Non-Competitive)
7 to under 9
50cc Auto
7 to under 12
65cc
9 to under 12
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard Wheel only)
9 to under 16
80cc to 160cc 4-stroke
Sidecar 80cc to 100cc 2-stroke &
Up to 150cc 4-stroke
(Rider & Passenger)
12 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard / Big Wheels)
13 to under 16
128cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
100cc to 125cc 2-stroke
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 12C: COMPETITION RULES
12.7
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
12.7.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, other than an Australian
Championship, unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
12.7.0.2Where self-scrutineering occurs at
Australian Motocross and Supercross
Championships, a signed checklist that
the protective clothing/equipment and
machine has been self-scrutineered must
be provided to the scrutineer.
12.7.0.3At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
12.7.0.4 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
12.7.0.5 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
12.7.0.6 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
12.7.0.7The same machine may be used
across multiple classes, if eligible to
compete. Restrictions to the use of
a single machine in multiple classes
will be specified in supplementary
regulations
12.7.1 Senior Grades
12.7.1.1The grades of competitors in Senior
classes are:
a)Pro,
b)Intermediate,
c)Clubman,
d)Veteran,
e)Women.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.8
ELIGIBILITY: AUSTRALIAN
MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP
12.8.0.1
The MXD Australian Motocross
Championship will be for riders from 16 to
under 19 years. Riders who turn 16 before
the first round of the MXD Australian
Motocross Championship may place an
entry for the series provided they meet
the following criteria.
a) Satisfy their State Controlling Body
of their competence,
b) State legislation will override these
rules where applicable.
12.9
ELIGIBILITY: SUPERCROSS
12.9.1 Supercross Licence Conditions
12.9.1.1 No person may compete in a Supercross
race unless they:
a) Are at least 12 years of age,
b) Have a current National competition
licence which is endorsed under the
following rules.
12.9.1.2To be endorsed as a Supercross
competitor, a person must:
a) Use a solo Motocross-type machine
with a capacity of at least 80cc,
c) Attend a Supercross training school
conducted by an MA accredited
coach,
d) At the conclusion of the Supercross
training school, be able to
competently display to the MA
accredited coach the following:
i) Jump a double jump, which is:
• 8 metres for 85cc
2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke riders,
• 10 metres for 150cc
2-stroke/250cc 4-stroke riders,
ii) Jump a tabletop, which is:
• 8 - 10 metres for 85cc
2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke riders,
• 10 - 12 metres for 150cc
2-stroke/250cc 4-stroke riders,
iii) Ride through stutters at a
competitive speed in a straight
line,
iv) A sound knowledge of
Supercross rules and safety
issues as examined by a
multiple-choice questionnaire.
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.9.1.3 The coach conducting the assessment
under the preceding GCR may endorse
the licence of a person as a Supercross
competitor. A decision to:
a) Endorse the licence,
b) Refuse an endorsement, or
c) Grant an endorsement conditionally,
will have the same force and effect
as if it was a decision by a State
Controlling Body under GCR 3.1
12.9.1.4 A person who:
a) Has entered a Supercross
competition,
b) Has paid the entry fee for the
relevant meeting,
c) Is required to submit to an
assessment under these Rules, and
d) Fails to be endorsed as a
Supercross competitor at the
meeting,
is entitled to a refund of the fee.
12.9.1.5 Once endorsed for Supercross, a person
retains that endorsement unless:
a) During the course of a Supercross
meeting, the Steward or Clerk of
Course determines otherwise.
12.10
ELIGIBILITY: FREESTYLE
MOTOCROSS
12.10.1 Freestyle Motocross Licence Conditions
12.10.1.1No person may participate in Freestyle
Motocross unless they:
a) Are at least 16 years of age, and
b) Have a current MA Senior National
competition or MA Senior Freestyle
Motocross licence which is endorsed
under the following Rules.
c) Must be Freestyle Motocross
endorsed.
d) Once endorsed for Freestyle
Motocross a person retains that
endorsement unless during the
course of a Freestyle meeting,
the Steward or Clerk of Course
determines otherwise.
12.10.1.2To be endorsed as a Freestyle Motocross
competitor, a person must use a solo
machine with a capacity of at least 125cc.
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.10.1.3
To gain a Freestyle Motocross
endorsement a rider must:
a) Attend a Freestyle Motocross
Training School conducted by an
accredited Freestyle Motocross
Assessor/Level 2 Coach and,
b) Successfully complete the MA
competency assessment (if required)
or;
c) Supply prior recognised experience,
such as participation in International
FMX shows and/or competitions, to
be approved by the MA Motocross
Commission.
12.10.1.4The Endorsing Assessor must:
a) Be identified and approved by
the MA Motocross Commission to
endorse Freestyle Motocross,
b) Obtain a Permit from the Relevant
Controlling Body in which the
assessment is taking place, and
c) Be trained in advanced First Aid.
12.11 ELIGIBILITY: SPEED AND STYLE
12.11.1 Speed and Style Licence Conditions
12.11.1.1No person may participate in Speed and
Style unless they:
a) Are at least 16 years of age, and
b) Have a current MA Senior National
competition or MA Senior Freestyle
Motocross licence, and
c) Are Freestyle Motocross and
Supercross endorsed.
12.11.1.2Endorsements as per GCR 12.9 and
12.10
12.12 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
12.12.1General
12.12.1.1
Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
12.12.1.2In Junior competition,
a) A riders’ age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
12.12.1.3No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
12.12.1.4Subject to GCR 12.12.1.2 a), a Junior
who is under the age of 9 years may
compete on a 50cc automatic machine
notwithstanding that the Junior is unable
to lift the machine unaided from the
horizontal to vertical.
12.12.1.5No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
12.12.1.6Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
12.12.1.7In the 4 to under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive Demo class, all riders are
entitled to receive a prize or award of the
same size/value.
12.12.1.8Subject to the following 2 GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
12.12.1.9Age group racing:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), only
competitors in the same age groups
may compete against each other,
b) Competitors from different age
groups in the following classes may
compete with each other if there are
insufficient entries for each class:
i) 85cc 2-stroke Big Wheels and
100cc to 150cc 4-stroke single
cylinder,
ii) 100cc to 150cc single cylinder
2-stroke and 250cc 4-stroke.
12.12.1.10A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
12.12.1.114-stroke 150cc Motocross-type machines
may compete against 85cc 2-stroke
machines in Junior competition.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.12.2 Junior Endorsements
12.12.2.1Endorsements will be issued for:
• Off Road 50cc
• Off Road 65cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
• Off Road 85cc 2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
• Off Road 200cc 2-stroke
• Off Road 250cc 4-stroke
• Sidecar Rider and Passenger 85cc
2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
• Sidecar Rider and Passenger 200cc
2-stroke/250cc 4-stroke
must be fitted: one at the front and one on
each side.
12.15.1.2Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
a) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
b) In the case of bolt on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
c) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
12.15.1.3Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm wide border.
12.15.1.4Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest,
These numbers, where possible, must be
the same size as the front numbers.
12.15.1.5Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
12.15.1.6Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
number plate background and the rider’s
name by either a gap or a contrasting
colour strip, unless the advertising is an
integral part of the back plate cover.
12.13 GENERAL RULES
12.13.1Homologation
12.13.1.1For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
12.13.2 Helmet Cameras
12.13.2.1Cameras may be fitted to the
motorcycle provided they are securely
mounted. Camera mounts are subject
to approval by the Chief Scrutineer.
Helmet cameras are not permitted
unless the camera is integrated into the
helmet, by design of the manufacturer.
Helmet cameras may be fitted providing
the mounting to the helmet will allow the
camera to detach if impacted upon and
the attachment method must not impair
the integrity or operation of the helmet.
12.14
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
12.14.0.1Although MA approves materials, MA
does not endorse or guarantee specific
products or manufacturers. Riders must
rely on their own judgment in the selection
of helmets and apparel for protection and
durability.
12.14.0.2No competitor may start in any Motocross
or Supercross competition unless
wearing the protective clothing/equipment
as outlined in Appendix A: Protective
Clothing and Equipment.
12.15
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
12.15.1 Number Plates
12.15.1.1For all competitions three number plates
12.15.2 Number Plates: Juniors
12.15.2.1Number plates for Juniors must be as
follows:
a) A minimum plate size of 225mm
width and 200mm height,
b) Figures with minimum sizes of
100mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
12.15.2.2For 50cc automatic:
a) A minimum plate size of 200mm
wide and 150mm high,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) The figures on the plates must be
100mm high and 20mm wide,
c) The front plate must be fitted so that
it does not extend above the height
of the handlebars or grips.
B: Track Flags & Signals.
12.16.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A rubber band, or
c) A dropping gate.
12.16.1.4Yellow flags will be waved in Motocross
and Supercross events to indicate
immediate danger.
When yellow flags are waved competitors
must not:
a)Jump,
b) Overtake other competitors,
from the point displaying the yellow flag
The penalties for breaching this GCR are:
a) First offence, relegation of three
places and up to a $500 fine,
b) Subsequent offences in the same
year, exclusion and $500 fine.
12.16.1.5During the first lap of practice, yellow
flags will be waved displayed stationary
indicating there will be no jumping.
12.15.3 Number Plate Colours
12.15.3.1Colours must be as follows:
CAPACITY or CLASS
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
255cc & Over
White
Black
Up to 250cc
Black
White
MXD / SXD
Reflex Blue
White
12.15.3.2Colours for Junior age group racing:
AGE GROUP
(YEARS)
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Under 9
Mid Blue
White
9 to under 12
Canary Yellow
Black
12 to under 14
Mail Box Red
White
14 to under 16
Black
Yellow
12.15.3.3For National Motocross and Supercross
events, where MA is the Relevant
Controlling Body and transponders are
used, numbers on side plates may be a
minimum of:
DIMENSION
MEASUREMENT (mm)
Height
100
Width of each figure
70
Width of stroke
25
Space between 2 figures
15
12.15.4 Back Numbers: Seniors and Juniors
12.15.4.1No Junior or Senior may compete, except
in Inter-club / closed-to-club competitions,
unless wearing the machine identification
number on their back in contrasting
colours and with a minimum size of
125mm height and 20mm width of stroke.
12.16
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
12.16.1 Flags and Signals
12.16.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
12.16.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
118
12.16.2 Measurement at Meetings
12.16.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
12.16.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
12.16.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
12.16.3.1An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
12.16.3.2The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
12.16.3.3Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event.
12.16.3.4No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
for each solo motorcycle,
b) Be in one straight line,
c) Allow for no more than 40
competitors,
d) Split or staggered starts may be
used for Motocross events under
the approval of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
12.16.4.6The maximum number of starters must be
specified in supplementary regulations.
12.16.4.7
Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations, for solo
events:
a) Individually backward falling devices,
with each gate a minimum of 500mm
and a maximum of 600mm in height,
must be used,
b) A rear barrier must be placed to
prevent riders from moving their
motorcycles no more than 600mm
back from the gate,
c) Preparation on the start gate is to
be confined to the area between the
rollback barrier and gate hinge and
no materials may be brought onto
the start area unless directed by the
starter, on the instructions from a key
official,
d) No work is to be done in front of
the start gate (track proper) unless
directed of a key official.
12.16.4.8
Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations, for sidecar
events, the width of the starting grid must
permit a minimum of 15 machines in
one row, with two metre space for each
machine.
12.16.4.9
Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations:
a) All competitors must be called to the
start line at least 2 minutes before
each start,
b) At the end of the 2 minutes, and
when the starter is ready, a 15
second sign will be held up for a full
15 seconds,
c) At the end of 15 seconds, a 5 second
sign will be displayed,
d) The gate will drop between 5 and 10
seconds after the five second sign is
shown.
12.16.4Starts
12.16.4.1All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by and under the authority of the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
ii) The pit lane,
iii) The rear of the field, or
iv) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
12.16.4.2
The method of starting will be as
prescribed by supplementary regulations.
12.16.4.3The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
b) For flying starts, when the starting
line is crossed.
12.16.4.4
Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations, massed starts
must be used.
12.16.4.5The starting grid for all events will:
a) Have not less than one metre space
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.16.4.10Competitors may use up to 2 starting
blocks (one per side) which will not
interfere with the competitor, or any
other competitor, or their machines
up to a maximum of 100mm high and
must be able to start in the event
unaided while sitting on the machine,
12.16.5Finishes
12.16.5.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
50% 75% of the event distance,
and
• Is still competing in the event on
the lap in which the chequered
flag is displayed to the winner,
with the sequence of completion
of the event being the
determinant of placings.
b) The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 12.16.5.1 a),
and a maximum time limit for this
to occur may be stipulated in the
Supplementary Regulations,
c) The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
d) Where there are two competitors
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
e) In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
12.16.6 Finish Line
12.16.6.1The finish line must be:
a) Marked with a flexible post at each
side of the track, and
b) Clearly visible to the judge.
12.16.7 Juniors: Starts and Finishes
12.16.7.1
In addition to the general start
requirements for all competitors, Juniors
must comply as follows:
a) When assembled for the start of
an event, and during the event, no
competitor may receive outside
assistance other than at the direction
of the Steward, the Clerk of Course
or the Starter,
b) Pit board signals will not be used in
Junior competition. Riders/Pit crew
who fail to obey this instruction are
liable to exclusion for the duration of
the competition,
c) When the number of competitors
exceeds one full grid:
i) Elimination heats and semi finals must be held,
ii) The Relevant Controlling
Body may direct that events
be decided by a final or finals,
consisting of a number of
rounds.
12.16.8 Stopping Events
12.16.8.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
12.16.8.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident,
could not continue in the event.
12.16.9 Stopping and Re-running Events
12.16.9.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
c) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
may declare the event void and order a
re-run.
12.16.9.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
d) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
12.16.9.3A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
12.16.9.4In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety,
may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from,
v) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
12.16.9.5
If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the penultimate lap of the
race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
12.16.10Stopping and Re-running of Events
where Electronic Timing is used
12.16.10.1Red Flag Race Stops and Re-start
Procedures
a) Any race start or re-start will be
considered an official part of the
event even if the start or re-start
does not result in a lap being
completed by the leader. Therefore,
any infractions will be deemed valid
and ruled upon accordingly.
b) In the case of a false start (gate
malfunction), a race will be re-started
with the riders returning to their
original starting positions.
c) Riders who are not present at the
starting gate for the original start of a
race are barred from any subsequent
re-starts.
d) Riders who are present at the gate
but are unable to start due to a
stalled motorcycle may join the race
from the starting area at anytime
during the race.
e) Riders who are unable to join the
race by this procedure are barred
from any subsequent re-starts.
12.16.10.2Re-starts
a) Where the race is stopped with fewer
than 3 laps completed by the race
leader / whether it be a Heat, Last
Chance Qualifier or Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The race will be considered null
and void.
iii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
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iv) The riders will keep their initial
starting order.
v) The riders will be re-started from
the starting gate.
vi) Riders who were present at the
starting gate for the original start
of the race but were unable to
start and who did not join the
race before the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take the re-start.
vii) The race will be run for the
original number of laps, or
period of time where applicable.
viii)In the case of a Final, if it is
found impossible to re-start
then this Final will be declared
cancelled and not count for the
e3vent.
b) Where the race is stopped with more
than 3 laps and less than 75% of the
total distance completed by the race
leader, rounded down to the nearest
whole number of laps / whether it
be a Heat, Last Chance Qualifier or
Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
iii) A minimum of 10 minutes from
the time that the red flag is
displayed will be given to make
repairs or adjustments.
iv) The race may be re-started
before the minimum 10 minute
waiting time only if all riders
indicate to the Starter that they
are ready to start.
v) Repairs or adjustments may only
be made in the starting area.
vi) The starting order will be
determined by each rider’s race
position at the end of the lap
preceding the stopping of the
race.
vii) Riders will be re-started from a
staggered standing start in the
starting area:
• Riders will be lined up in a
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
staggered formation beginning
on the starting straight at a start
line located by the first turn,
starting with the rider that was in
the first position and continuing
back towards the starting area.
• Riders not ready to take their
position in line will be placed
last.
• Once all riders are in position,
a yellow flag will be displayed
to indicate that the start will be
within 30 seconds. Once the
yellow flag has been removed,
the starter will then display a
green flag to signal the start.
• Riders may not overtake the
rider in front of them until they
pass the designated starting
line.
• Any rider that does overtake
the rider in front of them before
the starting line will have been
deemed to have jumped the
start and will be penalized a
minimum of two positions in the
final results.
• Eligible riders who are unable
to participate in the re-start
due to a stalled motorcycle or
continued repairs may join the
race from the starting area at
any time during the race.
• Riders who were no longer
actively participating in race at
the time when the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take part in the re-start.
viii)The race will be run for the
remaining number of laps /time.
ix) In the case of a Main Event, full
points will be awarded.
x) The race will be deemed a twopart heat
c) Where the race is stopped with
more than 75% of the total distance
completed by the race leader,
rounded down to the nearest whole
number of laps/time whether it be a
Heat, Last Chance Qualifier or Final:
i) A finish flag will be displayed to
the riders.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ii) The race will be declared with
the finishing order as per the last
full completed lap.
12.16.10.1Where the Steward or the Clerk of Course
has stopped a race due to danger the
following will apply:
a) If no more than two laps of the
stopped race were completed i) The stopped race will be
declared null and void,
ii) The race may be re-run,
iii) The re-run race will be for the
full race distance,
iv) The original grid positions will be
used,
v) The place of any machine
unable to take part in the re-run
race will be left vacant,
vi) Machines may be repaired or
replaced providing this has
been approved by the Clerk of
Course.
b) If more than two laps, but less than
75% of the race distance has been
completed:
i) The race may be re-started if
possible, but only once,
ii) The re-start must occur no more
than one hour after the race has
been stopped,
iii) The re-started race distance will
be equal to the balance of the
stopped race distance,
iv) Selection of grid positions
for the re-started race will be
determined by the order of
competitors at the finish line of
the last full lap of the stopped
race,
v) Only competitors who have
completed at least 75% of
the laps completed by the
leading competitor at the time
of stopping will be permitted to
participate in the re-started race,
vi) Machines may be repaired or
replaced providing this has
been approved by the Clerk of
Course,
vii) The stopped race and any re-run
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
will be deemed to be parts of
one race,
viii) The winner will be the competitor
having the highest number of
laps at the finish,
ix) Where two or more competitors
complete the same number of
laps the winning order will be
determined by the time taken by
each to complete those laps,
12.16.11
Change of Machine during a
Competition
12.16.11.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
12.16.12 Radio Communication
12.16.12.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
12.16.13Scoring
12.16.13.1Scoring for all competition shall be as
follows:
PLACE POINTS PLACE POINTS PLACE POINTS
1
35
11
20
21
10
2
32
12
19
22
9
3
30
13
18
23
8
4
28
14
17
24
7
5
26
15
16
25
6
6
25
16
15
26
5
7
24
17
14
27
4
8
23
18
13
28
3
9
22
19
12
29
2
10
21
20
11
30
1
12.16.13.2An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
12.16.13.3If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
12.16.13.4If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
12.16.14
Allocation of Numbers: Australian
Senior Motocross and Supercross
Championships
12.16.14.1The Number 1 plate in each class will be
allocated to the winner of the previous
year’s Championship.
a) The recipient of this number can
choose not to use Number 1, but
instead use their career number. The
Number 1 plate or that competitor’s
career number will not be used by
any other competitor in that class.
b) For the first round of each
Championship the previous years’
Champion will carry a number plate
with red background and white
figures.
c) The leader of each Championship
after the first round will use the
number plate with red background &
white figures.
12.16.14.2MX2/SX2 and MX1/SX1 numbers after
Number 1 will be allocated as career
numbers by the MX Commission to a
maximum of 20 riders using the following
method:
a) A competitor’s overall Championship
results from the previous
year’s Motocross & Supercross
Championships will be used to
decide the order in which they
pick their career number, which is
determined by:
i) Aggregated Championship
points awarded in both
competitions and,
ii) Aggregating them as a
percentage as calculated by the
Motocross Commission of MA.
b) Numbers 2 to 10 can only be chosen
as career numbers by competitors
who finished in the top ten of either
MX2 or MX1 Championships.
The first three from the MXD
Championship may also choose a 2
to 10 number if available.
c) Competitors who do not fit the above
criteria may make an application to
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
the Motocross Commission of MA
for special consideration for a career
number. The criteria for this would
be recognised International riders,
previous Champions, etc.
12.16.14.3If 2 or more competitors aggregate the
same number of points, preference will be
given to:
a) Competitor who competed in the
most Championship events, then
b) The competitor who achieved the
highest number of points at the
last Championship round they both
competed at.
12.16.14.4For competitors to retain their career
number they must compete in at least one
round each year of either the MX or SX
Championships, and score a minimum of
50 points in total of both Championships
combined. Exemptions to be considered
for injury, or International competitors.
12.17
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN MOTOCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIP
12.17.1Format
12.17.1.1
The Championship format must be
approved by the Motocross Commission
and published in supplementary
regulations.
12.17.2 Practice and Qualifying
12.17.2.1
As directed in the supplementary
regulations, any heats and qualifiers are
to be held on the day of the meeting.
12.17.2.2Timed practice for any event may be held
either on Saturday afternoon or Sunday
morning.
12.17.2.3All grid positions will be determined by
qualifying times.
12.17.2.4
No competitor may enter the track
for practicing on any of the 8 days
immediately preceding the event other
than the official press day.
12.17.2.5
The 10 competitors leading the
Championship prior to each subsequent
round will qualify for the round.
12.17.2.6The remaining 30 competitors shall lodge
an expression of interest for the series as
per the supplementary regulations.
12.17.2.7MXD Championship
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.17.4.2Re-starts
a) Where the race is stopped with fewer
than three laps completed by the
race leader / whether it be a Heat,
Last Chance Qualifier or Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The race will be considered null
and void.
iii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
iv) The riders will keep their initial
starting order.
v) The riders will be re-started from
the starting gate.
vi) Riders who were present at the
starting gate for the original start
of the race but were unable to
start and who did not join the
race before the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take the re-start.
vii) The race will be run for the
original number of laps, or
period of time where applicable.
viii)In the case of a Final, if it is
found impossible to re-start
then this Final will be declared
cancelled and not count for the
Championship.
b) Where the race is stopped with more
than three laps and less than 75%
of the total distance completed by
the race leader, rounded down to
the nearest whole number of laps /
whether it be a Heat, Last Chance
Qualifier or Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
iii) A minimum of 10 minutes from
the time that the red flag is
displayed will be given to make
repairs or adjustments.
iv) The race may be re-started
before the minimum 10 minute
waiting time only if all riders
indicate to the Race Director that
All competitors eligible for the MXD
Championship in their first year of Senior
National Competition must compete in the
MXD Championship. Exception may be
granted by the MX Commission where a
rider has been Senior at State level for
a period of time and can demonstrate
his or her ability at State open events,
or where exceptional circumstance (i.e.
rider size) is more suited to the MX1
class. On having moved to MX2 or MX1
events except as a wildcard entry then a
competitor will no longer be eligible for the
MXD Championship series.
12.17.3 The Event
12.17.3.1For each class, a round will consist of a
minimum of two races.
12.17.3.2The duration of each race will be specified
in supplementary regulations.
12.17.3.3Each competitor may compete on a
substitute machine, provided that the
competitor must notify the Clerk of Course
before commencement of the race in
which the substitution is to be made.
12.17.4 Stops and Re-starts
12.17.4.1Red Flag Race Stops and Re-start
Procedures
a) Any race start or re-start will be
considered an official part of the
event even if the start or re-start
does not result in a lap being
completed by the leader. Therefore,
any infractions will be deemed valid
and ruled upon accordingly.
b) In the case of a false start (gate
malfunction), a race will be re-started
with the riders returning to their
original starting positions.
c) Riders who are not present at the
starting gate for the original start of a
race are barred from any subsequent
re-starts.
d) Riders who are present at the gate
but are unable to start due to a
stalled motorcycle may join the race
from the starting area at anytime
during the race.
e) Riders who are unable to join the
race by this procedure are barred
from any subsequent re-starts.
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
they are ready to start.
v) Repairs or adjustments may only
be made in the starting area.
vi) The starting order will be
determined by each rider’s race
position at the end of the lap
preceding the stopping of the
race.
vii) Riders will be re-started from a
staggered standing start in the
starting area:
• Riders will be lined up in a
staggered formation beginning
on the starting straight at a start
line located by the first turn,
starting with the rider that was in
the first position and continuing
back towards the starting area.
• Riders not ready to take their
position in line will be placed
last.
• Once all riders are in position,
a yellow flag will be displayed
to indicate that the start will be
within 30 seconds. Once the
yellow flag has been removed,
the starter will then display a
green flag to signal the start.
• Riders may not overtake the
rider in front of them until they
pass the designated starting
line.
• Any rider that does overtake
the rider in front of them before
the starting line will have been
deemed to have jumped the
start and will be penalized a
minimum of two positions in the
final results.
• Eligible riders who are unable
to participate in the re-start
due to a stalled motorcycle or
continued repairs may join the
race from the starting area at
any time during the race.
• Riders who were no longer
actively participating in race at
the time when the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take part in the re-start.
viii)The race will be run for the
remaining number of laps /time.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ix) In the case of a Main Event,
full Championship points will be
awarded.
x) The race will be deemed a twopart heat
c) Where the race is stopped with
more than 75% of the total distance
completed by the race leader,
rounded down to the nearest whole
number of laps/time whether it be a
Heat, Last Chance Qualifier or Final:
i) A finish flag will be displayed to
the riders.
ii) The race will be declared with
the finishing order as per the last
full completed lap.
12.18
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN SUPERCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIP
12.18.1Format
12.18.1.1
The Championship format must be
approved by the Motocross Commission
and published in supplementary
regulations.
12.18.2 Warm Up Lap
12.18.2.1During the first lap of any practice yellow
flags are to displayed stationary to
indicate there will be no jumping.
12.18.3 Grid Positions
12.18.3.1Grid selection will be determined by
qualifying times.
12.18.3.2Conditions of qualifying must be stipulated
in the supplementary regulations.
12.18.4 Practice and Timed Qualifying
12.18.4.1Practice for Championship events must
be:
a) Outdoor events - minimum 8 minutes
for first session and minimum 10
minutes for second session.
12.18.4.2If the track is altered during the course of
the meeting, at least one inspection lap
must be offered to all qualified remaining
competitors.
12.18.5 Stops and Re-starts
12.18.5.1Red Flag Race Stops and Re-start
Procedures
a) Any race start or re-start will be
considered an official part of the
event even if the start or re-start
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
does not result in a lap being
completed by the leader. Therefore,
any infractions will be deemed valid
and ruled upon accordingly.
b) In the case of a false start (gate
malfunction), a race will be re-started
with the riders returning to their
original starting positions.
c) Riders who are not present at the
starting gate for the original start of a
race are barred from any subsequent
re-starts.
d) Riders who are present at the gate
but are unable to start due to a
stalled motorcycle may join the race
from the starting area at anytime
during the race.
e) Riders who are unable to join the
race by this procedure are barred
from any subsequent re-starts.
12.18.5.2Re-starts
a) Where the race is stopped with fewer
than three laps completed by the
race leader / whether it be a Heat,
Last Chance Qualifier or Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The race will be considered null
and void.
iii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
iv) The riders will keep their initial
starting order.
v) The riders will be re-started from
the starting gate.
vi) Riders who were present at the
starting gate for the original start
of the race but were unable to
start and who did not join the
race before the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take the re-start.
vii) The race will be run for the
original number of laps, or
period of time where applicable.
viii)In the case of a Final, if it is
found impossible to re-start
then this Final will be declared
cancelled and not count for the
Championship.
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
b) Where the race is stopped with more
than three laps and less than 75%
of the total distance completed by
the race leader, rounded down to
the nearest whole number of laps /
whether it be a Heat, Last Chance
Qualifier or Main Event:
i) A red flag will be displayed to the
riders.
ii) The riders will return to the
starting area and a re-start will
take place as soon as possible.
iii) A minimum of 10 minutes from
the time that the red flag is
displayed will be given to make
repairs or adjustments.
iv) The race may be re-started
before the minimum 10 minute
waiting time only if all riders
indicate to the Race Director that
they are ready to start.
v) Repairs or adjustments may only
be made in the starting area.
vi) The starting order will be
determined by each rider’s race
position at the end of the lap
preceding the stopping of the
race.
vii) Riders will be re-started from a
staggered standing start in the
starting area:
• Riders will be lined up in a
staggered formation beginning
on the starting straight at a start
line located by the first turn,
starting with the rider that was in
the first position and continuing
back towards the starting area.
• Riders not ready to take their
position in line will be placed
last.
• Once all riders are in position,
a yellow flag will be displayed
to indicate that the start will be
within 30 seconds. Once the
yellow flag has been removed,
the starter will then display a
green flag to signal the start.
• Riders may not overtake the
rider in front of them until they
pass the designated starting
line.
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
• Any rider that does overtake
the rider in front of them before
the starting line will have been
deemed to have jumped the
start and will be penalized a
minimum of two positions in the
final results.
• Eligible riders who are unable
to participate in the re-start
due to a stalled motorcycle or
continued repairs may join the
race from the starting area at
any time during the race.
• Riders who were no longer
actively participating in race at
the time when the red flag was
displayed are not authorized to
take part in the re-start.
viii)The race will be run for the
remaining number of laps/time.
ix) In the case of a Main Event,
full Championship points will be
awarded.
x) The race will be deemed a twopart heat.
c) Where the race is stopped with
more than 75% of the total distance
completed by the race leader,
rounded down to the nearest whole
number of laps /time whether it be a
Heat, Last Chance Qualifier or Final):
i) A finish flag will be displayed to
the riders.
ii) The race will be declared with
the finishing order as per the last
full completed lap.
12.19
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN FREESTYLE
MOTOCROSS CHAMPIONSHIP
12.19.1Format
12.19.1.1
The Championship format must be
approved by the Motocross Commission
and published in supplementary
regulations.
12.19.2 Practice and Qualifying
12.19.2.1
As directed in the supplementary
regulations, any heats and qualifiers are
to be held on the day of the meeting.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.19.2.2Practice may be held prior to the event
day, however if the track has been altered,
practice must be offered to Competitors
the day of the event.
12.19.3 The Event
12.19.3.1Competition must consist of a minimum
two judged runs.
12.19.3.2
Judges must be approved by the
Motocross Commission.
12.19.3.3In the circumstances where the event
is stopped, the best score form the
Qualifying run will be deemed the final
results.
12.20
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN SPEED AND STYLE
CHAMPIONSHIP
12.20.1Format
12.20.1.1
The Championship format must be
approved by the Motocross Commission
and published in supplementary
regulations.
12.20.2 Practice and Qualifying
12.20.2.1
As directed in the supplementary
regulations, any heats and qualifiers are
to be held on the day of the meeting.
12.20.2.2Practice may be held prior to the event
day, however if the track has been altered,
practice must be offered to Competitors
the day of the event.
12.20.3 The Event
12.20.3.1For seeding, Competitors are to do
individual timed runs, with one trick per
lap completed. The trick will be judged.
12.20.3.2
Once all individual times runs are
complete, the fastest time is given
maximum points for speed. One point
is deducted from Competitors for each
second behind the fastest lap time.
12.20.3.3The points for speed are added to the
points for the judged trick and Competitors
are seeded in order of total points.
12.20.3.4Competitors are then seeded against
each other to build heats. The heat
and run format is to be published in
the Supplementary Regulations, with
approval from the Motocross Commission.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.21
Motocross Championship the highest
point scoring 6 team members from
each State, will have their final placing
re-scored using GCR 12.16.13 (table) to
give an overall score.
The State with the highest overall team
score will be deemed the winner of the
Interstate Cup Challenge.
12.21.4.3Awards - A perpetual trophy will be
awarded to the winning State, with
each member of the team receiving a
participation memento.
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN JUNIOR MOTOCROSS
CHAMPIONSHIP
12.21.1Format
12.21.1.1The format of the Championships will be:
CLASSES
FORMAT
Under 80cc
7 minutes + 1 lap
Sidecars
7 minutes + 1 lap
80cc and over
10 minutes + 1 lap
12.21.1.2At least 5 practice laps must be offered
to riders prior to the commencement of
racing.
12.21.1.3There will be a minimum of 5 legs per
class.
12.21.1.4If heats and finals are required:
a) Heats will be 3 legs per class, with
heats to be mixed, and
b) Finals will be 3 legs per class.
12.21.2 Allocation of Numbers
12.21.2.1A competitor’s racing number will be
determined as follows:
a) The first digit will be the first digit of
the post-code for the competitor’s
State of residency, except the
Northern Territory, which will be 1,
b) The remainder of the number will
be at the discretion of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
12.21.3Venues
12.21.3.1
Venues used for Australian Junior
Motocross Championships will be closed
to competitors for a minimum of 21 days
prior to the event.
12.21.4 Interstate Challenge
12.21.4.1Format - Each State is to choose a team
of 8 Junior competitors from a minimum
of 4 different classes to compete for the
Interstate Cup Challenge.
Each competitor must be entered
for the Australian Junior Motocross
Championship, prior to the closing date.
Team members must be named and the
Race Secretary be informed by the end of
practice.
12.21.4.2Scoring - Each competitor will be scored
as per GCR 12.16.11 within their own
class. At the end of the Australian Junior
12.21.5 Practice and Qualifying
12.21.5.1All grid positions will be determined
by practice/qualifying times. Timed
qualifying would be from the second
practice session. Where entries exceed
gate capacity heats will be determined by
random draw.
SECTION 12D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
12.22
SOUND EMISSIONS
12.22.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
12.23FUEL
12.23.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
12.24ENGINES
12.24.1 Reciprocating Engines:
The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
12.24.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
12.24.2.1Unless otherwise specified in the following
table, the actual engine capacity of a
machine competing in a capacity class
may not exceed the prescribed capacity
for that class by more than 2%:
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
CLASS
PERMITTED
EXCESS
65cc & 85cc machines
Nil
4-stroke mini bikes (Fast 50’s)
Nil
12.25
FRAMES AND PARTS
12.25.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles
is also forbidden unless OEM. The
use of titanium alloy nuts and bolts is
allowed.
12.25.1 Fuel Tanks
12.25.1.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
12.25.2 Exhaust Systems
12.25.2.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread,
c) Be attached as closely as practicable
to the machine and in a manner
that does not, in the opinion of the
Scrutineer, create a hazard to other
competitors.
12.25.3 Centre and Side Stands
12.25.3.1Centre and side stands must be removed
for all types of competition other than:
a) Natural Terrain Motocross at Club
and Inter-club competitions,
b) 50cc classes.
12.25.3.2Centre and Side Stands which remain on
machines under GCR 12.25.3.1 must be
secured in the closed position.
130
12.25.4Footrests
12.25.4.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear.
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.25.5Handlebars
12.25.5.1The width of handlebars must be not less
than 600mm and not more than 850mm.
12.25.5.2Exposed handlebar ends must be plugged
with a solid material or rubber cover.
12.25.5.3Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
12.25.5.4
The handlebars must be equipped
with a protection pad on the cross bar.
Handlebars without a cross member must
be equipped with a protection pad located
in the middle of the handlebars, covering
the handlebar clamps.
12.25.5.5Throttle controls must be self-closing.
12.25.5.6Solo handlebar hand lever protectors:
a) Must be single mounted for
Motocross and Supercross,
b) May be double mounted on
machines in club and Inter-club
natural terrain Motocross events.
12.25.6Brakes
12.25.6.1Efficient brakes must be fitted to the front
and rear wheels.
12.25.6.2When the brake cam arm or lever is of the
open or hooked type, the brake actuating
rod or cable must be secured so as to
prevent accidental dislodgment.
12.25.7 Kick Start Levers
12.25.7.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
12.25.8Tyres
12.25.8.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope or
other non-skid attachments and
paddle or scoop treaded tyres may
not be used unless permitted by the
relevant supplementary regulations.
b) Treads on tyres must be at least
1mm deep on any part of the tyre
that comes in contact with the
ground.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.25.9Mudguards
12.25.9.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
12.25.9.2Mudguards must be made of a material
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
g) The machine and sidecar must have
front and rear wheel brakes,
h) Sidecar wheel drive is prohibited.
12.26.1.2Left-hand and right-hand sidecars may
compete against each other in Motocross.
12.26.1.3
Wheel track measurement, taken
between the longitudinal centres of the
rear and sidecar wheels must be between
810mm and 1,200mm.
12.26.1.4The minimum ground clearance must be
175mm unladen.
12.26.1.5The maximum lean of the motorcycle at
saddle height must be 50mm.
12.26.1.6There must be no less than four sidecar
attachment points.
12.26.1.7The dimensions of the sidecar baseboard
in plain view, taken from a line drawn no
further rearwards than the lowest point
of the front down-tube to the forward
most point of the sidecar wheel tyre and
terminating no further rearwards than a
line drawn at right angles to the machine
from the rearmost point of the rear tyre,
must be:
a) A minimum of 760mm long adjacent
to the sidecar wheel,
b) A minimum of 300mm width, with at
least 25mm radius to all corners.
12.26.1.8There must be no more than 50mm
between baseboard and motorcycle
and between baseboard and sidecar
wheel. The baseboard must be arranged
to prevent the passenger’s feet being
trapped.
12.26.1.9All handholds must be finished with a loop
of at least 100mm.
12.26.1.10Stirrup fitting for the passenger’s feet are
not permitted.
12.26.1.11 Handholds on the sidecar:
a) Must not project beyond a line taken
with the outer edge of the sidecar
mudguard or bodywork,
b) Adjacent to the nose section of the
sidecar and less than 200mm from
the track surface must be at an angle
of at least 45° from the horizontal.
12.26.1.12The rear end of the rear wheel mudguard
must terminate not more than 65° above
a horizontal line drawn through the rear
wheel axle and be valanced to baseboard
level on the inside.
12.26SIDECARS
12.26.1General
12.26.1.1Sidecars, in addition to complying with
the requirements for solos, must be as
follows:
a) The inside of the sidecar wheel must
be enclosed to floor level,
b) Rear sprockets and chains must be
enclosed around the passenger’s
working area,
c) Any step must have a maximum
width of 200mm from the sidecar,
d) A minimum of two hand grips must
be fitted,
e) Front mounted exhaust systems
must not protrude beyond the
outermost edges of the sidecar,
f) All outer edge sidecar chassis
corners must have a minimum 25mm
radius,
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
12.26.1.13 The sidecar mudguard must cover at least
135° of the periphery of the wheel and be
valanced to baseboard level on the inside.
12.26.1.14A lanyard-operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, must be
fitted to sidecars in Junior and Senior
Motocross. The lanyard can be up to one
metre in length.
12.26.1.15Sidecars may have double mounted
handlebar and lever protectors for all
Motocross events.
12.27
JUNIOR CLASSES
12.27.1General
12.27.1.1
Non-Motocross type machines 80cc
to 160cc 4-stroke are approved
for competition under the following
conditions:
a) Exhaust systems may be modified or
changed,
b) External gearing and carburetor
jetting may also be altered.
c) No other modifications are allowed.
12.27.1.3Motocross-type 150cc 4-stroke machines
may compete against 85cc 2-stroke
machines in Junior competition.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
250cc 4-stroke
132
FRONT
Inch [mm]
REAR
Inch [mm]
50cc Auto/Demo
Class
10” or 12”
[254 or 305]
10” [254]
65cc
14” to 15”
[356 to 381]
12” [305]
80cc - 160cc
4-stroke
16” to 17”
[407 to 432]
14” [356]
85cc 2-stroke &
150cc 4-stroke
Standard Wheel
15” to 17”
[381 to 432]
14” [356]
85cc 2-stroke &
150cc 4-stroke
Big Wheel
19” to 21”
[482 to 534]
16” to 19”
[407 to 482]
100cc 2-stroke
18” to 21”
[457 to 534]
16” to 19”
[407 to 482]
125cc & over
2-stroke
17” to 21”
[432 to 534]
16” to 19”
[407 to 482]
16” to 19”
[407 to 482]
12.27.3 Junior Sidecar: Wheel Sizes
12.27.3.1The maximum wheel rim sizes for all
relevant classes are:
WHEEL
SIZE Inch [mm]
Front
19” [482mm]
Rear
16” [407mm]
Sidecar
14” [356mm]
12.27.4Handlebars
12.27.4.1Handlebars must be securely plugged.
The width of solo handlebars must be
not less than 600mm and not more than
850mm.
12.27.5 Junior Trail Bikes
12.27.5.1The following machines are eligible for
club and Inter-club competitions:
a) 7 to under 12 years 65cc class
12.27.2 Junior Solo: Wheel Sizes
CLASS
17” to 23”
[432 to 586]
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
CRF70, XR70, CRF80, XR80,
CRF110F
Kawasaki
KLX110, KLX110C, KLX110L
Suzuki
JR80, DR-Z70
Yamaha
PW80, TT-R90 TT-R110
and similar machines approved by Board.
b) 9 to under 16 years 85cc class:
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
XR100, CRF100
Kawasaki
KE100 KLX140
Yamaha
TT-R125
Suzuki
DR-Z125/L
and similar machines approved by Board.
12.27.6 50cc Demo Class
12.27.6.1Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type,
c) Wheels as per GCR 12.27.2 must be
fitted.
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.27.7 50cc Auto Class
12.27.7.1Eligible Machines are:
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Cobra
King CX50
Gas Gas
EC 50
HM
CRX 10/10 Senior, Baja
10/10, X3R
Husqvarna
Husky Boy SF03, CR50
Italjet
Action Outlaw
KTM
SXR PRO SNR, 50SX, SXR
PRO JNR, 50 SX 2009
LEM
RX3, RX3 2008, LX2F-USA,
CR2, CR2S
Malagutti
RCX10
Polini
XR3
TM
50 C1
Metrakit
MKX50
YCF
50A
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
and similar machines approved by Board.
12.27.7.2Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must have one gear,
c) External gearing may be altered,
d) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type, and of OEM type,
e) Wheels as per GCR 12.27.2 must be
fitted,
f) All machines must remain standard
to the OEM specifications for the
model. Only the following items may
be modified:
i)Colour,
ii)Seat,
iii)Mudguards,
iv)Handlebars,
v)Grips,
vi)Levers,
vii)Cables,
viii)Chains,
ix) Tyre brand and tread pattern,
x) Carburettor jets
The frame of a machine may be
gusseted and strengthened but not
so as to alter the geometry of the
frame,
Throttle limiting devices may be
removed,
A separate kill switch may be
installed in place of the standard,
Steel serrated foot pegs may replace
standard rubber pegs,
Aftermarket exhaust systems and
silencers are permitted.
12.27.8 80cc to 160cc 4-Stroke Class
12.27.8.1All machines must remain standard to the
OEM specifications for the model. Only
the following items may be modified:
a) Exhaust system,
b)Gearing,
c) Carburettor jetting,
d) Plastics, and
e)Handlebars.
12.27.9 Electric Machines
12.27.9.1Electric machines may compete with
comparable sized machines in Junior
competition using the following table:
CLASS
APPROX. POWER
OUTPUT
50cc Auto/Demo
Up to 0.75 Kw
12.5”
(Rim Bead Diameter 203mm)
8”
50cc Auto/Demo
0.75 to 1 Kw
16”
(Rim Bead Diameter 305mm)
12”
65cc
1 to 1.5 Kw
20”
(Rim Bead Diameter 396mm)
14.5”
ELECTRIC WHEEL SIZE
EQUIVALENT SIZE
[Standard Motorcyles Wheel]
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12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
SECTION 12E: FAST 50S
12.28
COMPETITION CLASSES: FAST 50S
12.28.0.1Senior Classes - 16 years and over:
a) Stock 50cc,
b) Limited 50cc,
c) Mod 88cc,
d) Mod 110cc,
e) 110 Big Wheel Mid Size,
f) Super Mod,
g)125cc,
h) Open Outlaw,
i)Women,
j) Veterans - 30+ years of age,
k) Seniors: Pro Class,
l) Seniors: Amateur Class.
12.28.0.2Junior Classes - 12 to under 16 years:
a) Stock 50cc,
b) Limited 50cc,
c) Mod 88cc,
d) Mod 110cc.
12.29
COMPETITION RULES: FAST 50S
12.29.1 Protective Equipment
12.29.1.1As per GCR 12.14 except the following:
12.29.1.2Footwear which must be:
a) Constructed of leather, plastic or
other similarly durable material; and
b) Of a length that must at least cover
the ankle, with the rider in a racing
position on the machine.
12.29.2Starts
12.29.2.1
There can be no more than 20
competitors on the track at any time. This
number may be lower than 20 depending
on the track conditions.
12.29.2.2Starts as per GCR 12.16.4, excluding
GCR
12.30 TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: FAST
50S
12.30.0.1All machines must be an open cradle
frame unless specified in supplementary
regulations.
12.30.0.2All entrants and competitors declare that
by entering an event, that their machine/
machines are suitable for the class in
which they are entered.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.30.0.3All entrants and competitors declare that
they have satisfied themselves as to the
suitability of their machine for the purpose
of racing.
12.30.0.4GCR 12.25.3 (side stands) does not apply
to this discipline.
12.30.0.5GCR 12.27.9 (80cc 4-stroke class) does
not apply to this discipline.
12.30.0.6GCR 12.12.1.3 does not apply to this
discipline.
12.30.0.7Capacity Tolerances: The actual engine
capacity of a machine competing in
a capacity class may not exceed the
prescribed capacity.
12.30.1 Approved Modifications
12.30.1.1The following may be modified:
a) Cosmetic changes, including but not
limited to:
i)Colour,
ii) Handle bars,
iii)Graphics,
iv) Foot pegs,
v) Gear levers,
vi) Heavy duty rims,
b) Air filters may be replaced with
aftermarket products,
c) Heavy duty springs and front and
rear shock absorbers,
d) Gearing, limited to sprockets,
e) Exhaust pipes,
f) Aftermarket camshaft and timing
chain,
g) Stock 50cc machines in both Senior
and Junior classes may strengthen
the frame / chassis.
h) All machines, except those in Stock
50cc class in either Senior or Junior
class, may use:
i) Aftermarket frames / chassis,
ii) Aftermarket forks,
iii) Rear shocks,
iv) Heavy duty clutches,
v) CDI units,
vi) Aftermarket close ratio gearbox.
12 MOTOCROSS AND SUPERCROSS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
12.30.1.2
Modifications to limited specific classes of machines as per the following table, unless
otherwise specified in the supplementary regulations:
CLASS
FRONT
WHEEL
(inches)
REAR
WHEEL
(inches)
HEAD INCL
PORTING
AND
GRINDING
BARREL
AND
INNER
ROTOR
AUTO/
MAN
STD OEM
CRANK
CASE
Stock 50cc Snr
10
10
Stock 50cc Jnr
10
10
N
std 50cc
N
A
Y
N
std 50cc
N
A
Y
Limited 50cc to 90cc Snr
12
Limited 50cc to 90cc Jnr
12
10
N
90cc
N
A
Y
10
N
90cc
N
A
Y
Mod 88cc Snr
Mod 88cc Jnr
12
10
Y
88cc
Y
A
Y
12
10
Y
88cc
Y
A
Y
Mod 110cc Snr
12
12
Y
110cc
Y
A
Y
Mod 110cc Jnr
12
12
Y
110cc
Y
A
Y
110cc Big Wheel Mid Size
14
12
Y
110cc
Y
A
Y
Super Mod
12
12
Y
124cc
Y
A
Y
125cc
12
12
Y
125cc
Y
Either
Y
Open Outlaw
14
12
Y
150cc
Y
Either
N
Women / Veterans
14
12
Y
150cc
Y
Either
N
CARBURETTOR
Seniors: Pro Class
Open
Open
Y
125cc
Y
Either
N
Seniors: Amateur Class
Open
Open
Y
125cc
Y
Either
N
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Overview.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 137
Application Of Chapter.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 137
SECTION 13A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 137
13.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 137
13.2 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 137
136
SECTION 13B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.3 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS AND CLASSIC DIRT TRACK CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
13.4 POST CLASSIC MOTOCROSS AND POST CLASSIC DIRT TRACK CLASSES.. .. .. .. ..
13.5 AGE GROUPS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
138
138
138
138
SECTION 13C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13.6 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.7 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
13.8 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.9 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
139
139
139
139
140
SECTION 13D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
13.10 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.11FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
13.12ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.13 MACHINES AND COMPONENTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.14 SOLO CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.15SLIDERS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
13.16SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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142
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142
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
OVERVIEW
Classic Motocross and Classic Dirt Track applies to
events from the Pre 60 Class up to and including the
Pre 78 Class.
Post Classic Motocross and Dirt Track applies
to Evolution, Pre 85 and the Pre 90 classes.
The Classic and Post Classic divisions will be
run separately at the Australian Championships
however consideration will be given to submissions
to run both events under special circumstance.
These events will be described at National
Championships as The Australian Classic
Motocross Championships and The Australian Post
Classic Motocross Championships.
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the
disciplines of Classic Motocross and Classic Dirt
Track.
Pre 75 Age Group Racing 125/250/263cc plus:
under 30
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
POST CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & DIRT TRACK
Pre 85 Solo 125cc
Pre 85 Solo 250cc
Pre 85 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 90 Solo 125cc
Pre 90 Solo 250cc
Pre 90 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 90 Solo 4- stroke - All Powers
Note: class introduced on a trial basis and will be subject to
review in 2017
SECTION 13A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
Pre 90 Women - All Powers
13.1
Evolution Solo 250cc
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & DIRT TRACK
Pre 60 Solo - All Powers
Pre 65 Solo 250cc
Pre 65 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 70 Solo 250cc
Pre 70 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 75 Solo Up to 125cc
Pre 75 Solo 250cc
Pre 75 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 75 Solo 4-stroke - All Powers
Pre 78 Solo Up to 125cc
Pre 78 Solo 250cc
Pre 78 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 78 Women - All Powers
Pre 78 Super Senior - All Powers
Pre 68 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 75 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 75 Slider Class Up to 250cc [DT only]
Pre 75 Slider Class 263cc and over [DT only]
Evolution Solo 125cc
Evolution Solo 263cc and over
Pre 85 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 90 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Note: class introduced on a trial basis and will be subject to
review in 2017
Pre 90 Slider Class Up to 250cc [DT only]
Pre 90 Slider Class 263cc and over [DT only]
Evolution Age Group Racing 125/250/263cc plus:
under 30
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
70 - plus Super Senior class
13.2
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
13.2.1 Individual Competitions
13.2.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
13.2.2 All Competitions
13.2.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
13.2.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for sidecar classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
c) 6 or more starters for Pre 60 and Pre
65 Classic Motocross and Dirt Track.
d) 6 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races.
SECTION 13B: COMPETITION CLASSES
13.3
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES:
CLASSIC MOTOCROSS AND
CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
CLASSIC CLASSES
Pre 75 Age Group Racing 125/250/263cc plus:
under 30
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
13.4
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES:
POST CLASSIC MOTOCROSS AND
POST CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
POST CLASSIC CLASSES
Pre 85 Solo 125cc
Pre 85 Solo 250cc
Pre 85 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 90 Solo 125c
Pre 90 Solo 250cc
Pre 90 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 90 4-stroke – All Powers
Note: class introduced on a trial basis and will be
subject to review in 2017
Pre 90 Women - All Powers
Evolution Solo 125cc
Pre 60 Solo - All Powers
Evolution Solo 250cc
Pre 65 Solo 250cc
Evolution Solo 263cc and over
Pre 65 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 85 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 70 Solo 250cc
Pre 90 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Note: class introduced on a trial basis and will be subject to
review in 2017
Pre 70 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 75 Solo Up to 125cc
Pre 75 Solo 250cc
Pre 75 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 75 Solo 4-stroke - All Powers
Pre 78 Solo Up to 125cc
Pre 78 Solo 250cc
Pre 78 Solo 263cc and over
Pre 78 Women – All Powers
Pre 78 Super Senior – All Powers
Pre 68 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 75 Sidecar Up to 1300cc
Pre 75 Slider Class Up to 250cc [DT only]
Pre 75 Slider Class 263cc and over [DT only]
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Pre 90 Slider Class Up to 250cc
Pre 90 Slider Class 263cc and over
Evolution Age Group Racing 125/250/263cc plus:
under 30
30 - 39
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
13.5
AGE GROUPS
13.5.0.1 Age is determined as at the date of the
meeting or first round for series events.
13.5.0.2 Age grouping applies to competition Pre
75 in the Classic Class and Evolution in
the Post Classic Class.
13.5.0.3 Age groups may be run as either an AllPowers or a Capacity Class. Format must
be listed in the approved supplementary
regulations prior to the event.
13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13.5.0.4 Age groups are:
a) Under 30,
b) 30 – 39,
c) 40 – 49,
d) 50 – 59,
e) 60 – plus
13.5.0.5 Super Senior class
a) All powers,
b) Riders aged 70 plus,
c) Australian Championship will be
awarded regardless of number of
entrants.
SECTION 13C: COMPETITION RULES
13.6
GENERAL RULES
13.6.1 Helmet Cameras
13.6.1.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting to
the helmet will allow the camera to detach
if impacted upon and the attachment
method must not impair the integrity or
operation of the helmet.
13.7
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
13.7.0.1 Riders must rely on their own judgment
in the selection of helmets and apparel
for protection and durability. Protective
equipment and clothing is outlined in
Appendix A: Protective Clothing and
Equipment.
13.8
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
13.8.1 Number plates
13.8.1.1 Number plates shall be either oval or
rectangular and in the following colours:
CAPACITY
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Up to 125cc
Black
White
250cc
Dark Green
White
263cc and over
Canary Yellow
Black
13.8.1.2 For all competitions three number plates
must be fitted: one at the front and one on
each side.
13.8.1.3 Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
b) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
c) In the case of bolt on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width, and
d) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
13.8.1.4 Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm wide border.
13.8.1.5 Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest.
13.8.2 Back Numbers
13.8.2.1No competitor may compete in any
competition unless wearing the machine
identification number on their back in
contrasting colours and with a minimum
size of 125mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
13.8.3 Class Identification
13.8.3.1 A letter will be:
a) Used to identify the class of the
machine,
b) Placed on the left side of all three
race plates,
c) 50mm high, and in upper case,
d) The same colour as the race
number.
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final.
13.8.3.2 Identification letters for each class are:
Pre-1960
“A”
Pre-1965
“N”
Pre-1970
“H”
Pre-1975
“X”
Pre-1978
“Z”
Evolution
“E”
Pre-1985
“Y”
Pre-1990
“W”
13.9
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
13.9.1Practice
13.9.1.1 For Australian National Championship
events, no competitor may enter the
track for practicing on any of the 8
days immediately preceding the event
other than an official press day.
13.9.2 Flags and Signals
13.9.2.1 The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
13.9.2.2 Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Track Flags & Signals.
13.9.2.3 The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
13.9.3 Measurement at Meetings
13.9.3.1 A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
13.9.3.2 If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
13.9.4
Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
13.9.4.1 The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13.9.5Scoring
13.9.5.1 All races will be scored using the scoring
system below:
PLACE
POINTS
PLACE
POINTS
1
2
25
11
10
22
12
9
3
20
13
8
4
18
14
7
5
16
15
6
6
15
16
5
7
14
17
4
8
13
18
3
9
12
19
2
10
11
20
1
13.9.5.2 An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
13.9.5.3 If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
13.9.5.4 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
13.9.6Starts
13.9.6.1 All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
13.9.6.2The method of starting will be as
prescribed by the supplementary
regulations.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
13.9.7Finishes
13.9.7.1For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance,
• Is still competing in the event on
the lap in which the chequered
flag is displayed to the winner,
with the sequence of completion
of the event being the
determinant of placings.
b) The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 13.9.6.1 a),
c) The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
d) Where there are 2 competitors
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
e) In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
13.9.8 Stopping Events
13.9.8.1 Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
13.9.8.2 The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident
and could not continue in the event.
13.9.9 Stopping and Re-running Events
13.9.9.1 The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
May declare the event void and order a
re-run.
13.9.9.2 If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a)Held immediately before such
conduct, or
b) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
13.9.9.3 A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
13.9.9.4 In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety,
may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from,
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
v) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
13.9.9.5If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the penultimate lap of the
race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
13.11FUEL
13.9.10Change of Machine during a
Competition
13.9.10.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
13.13
13.9.11 Radio Communication
13.9.11.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
SECTION 13D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
13.10 SOUND EMISSIONS
13.10.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuels.
13.10.1 Machine Testing
13.10.1.1If a machine fails, it can be represented
for re-testing.
13.10.1.2No person may compete in any event on a
machine whose noise emissions exceed
the prescribed levels.
13.10.1.3A machine which does not comply with
the sound limits can be presented several
times.
13.10.1.4Tests shall not take place in the rain.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13.11.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuels.
13.12ENGINES
13.12.1 Reciprocating Engines
13.12.1.1The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
13.12.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
13.12.2.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class may not
exceed the prescribed capacity for that
class by more than 5%.
MACHINES AND COMPONENTS
13.13.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
13.13.1 Eligible Machines
13.13.1.1
Only machines conforming to the
requirements set out in this chapter will
be accepted for competition.
13.13.1.2The onus of proof of eligibility shall rest
wholly upon the rider or entrant of the
machine. Service and parts manual
publication dates are not proof of eligibility.
13.13.2 Exhaust Systems
13.13.2.1All machines will be fitted with an effective
muffler and comply with sound control
regulations in Appendix C.
13.13.3 Centre and Side Stands
13.13.3.1Centre and side stands must be removed
for all types of competition.
13.13.4Handlebars
13.13.4.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
13.13.4.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
13.13.4.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
13.13.5 Kick Start Levers
13.13.5.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
13.13.6 Drive Chain Protection
13.13.6.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
13.13.6.2The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
13.13.6.3If a plastic, fibreglass or part open chain
guard is used, a steel bolt of not less
than 10mm diameter, placed outside
the bottom rear quadrant of the clutch
sprocket. This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
13.13.6.4A chain guard must be fitted in a way
to prevent trapping between the lower
drive chain run and the final drive
sprocket at the rear wheel.
13.13.7Tyres
13.13.7.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope or
other non-skid attachments and
paddle or scoop treaded tyres may
not be used unless permitted by the
relevant supplementary regulations.
13.13.8Mudguards
13.13.8.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
13.13.8.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
13.13.9Footrests
13.13.9.1Folding footrests must be fitted to
all machines, except Slider type and
Sidecars.
13.14
SOLO CLASSES
13.14.0.1Countershaft sprocket covers will be fitted
on all machines.
13.14.1 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 60 Solo
13.14.1.1Acceptable for the Pre 60 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1959 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.1.2
Frames of any manufacture are
acceptable within the suspension criteria
and considerate of the era.
13.14.1.3Front wheel travel will not exceed 178mm
(7 inches) rear wheel travel will be limited
to 102mm (4 inches) measured at the
axle. Rear shock absorbers will be in
the original position using the original
mounting points.
13.14.1.4Plastic and fibreglass is not permitted.
13.14.1.5
Period carburettors or Amal Mk1
Concentric.
13.14.2 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 65 Solo
13.14.2.1Acceptable for the Pre 65 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1964 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.2.2
Frames of any manufacture are
acceptable within the suspension criteria
and considerate of the era.
13.14.2.3Front wheel travel will not exceed 178mm
(7 inches) rear wheel travel will be limited
to 102mm (4 inches) measured at the
axle.
13.14.2.4Rear shock absorbers will be in the
original position using the original
mounting points.
13.14.2.5Carburettors of any type Pre 75 round
slide may be used.
13.14.3 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 70 Solo
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
13.14.3.1Acceptable for the Pre 70 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1969 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.3.2Front wheel travel will not exceed 178mm
(7 inches) rear wheel travel will be limited
to 102mm (4 inches) measured at the
axle. Rear shock absorbers will be in
the original position using the original
mounting points.
13.14.3.3Carburettors; any type of pre 1975 round
slide may be used.
13.14.3.4No reed valves permitted.
13.14.3.5Yamaha XS1 and XS650 engines are
eligible.
13.14.3.6Acceptable follow on models for Pre 70
a) AJS Stormer 250,
b) Greeves griffon models,
c) Yamaha AT1, DT1, CT1, RT1 pre
reed block.
13.14.4 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 75 Solo
13.14.4.1Acceptable for the Pre 75 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1974 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.4.2Front wheel travel will not exceed 178mm
(7 inches) rear wheel travel will be limited
to 102mm (4 inches) measured at the
axle. Rear shock absorbers will be in
the original position using the original
mounting points.
13.14.4.3Carburettors; any type of pre 1975 round
slide may be used.
13.14.4.4No Mossbarger type (or replica) reed
valves permitted.
13.14.4.5XS1 and XS650 engines are eligible.
13.14.4.6
Thor and KLP swingarms are not
acceptable.
13.14.4.7Acceptable follow on models for Pre 75
a) Honda CR125M1, XL250K1,
XL350K1, MT250 and MT125,
b) Yamaha YZ360B, DT250B,
c) Suzuki TS400 (all).
13.14.5 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 78 Solo
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13.14.5.1Acceptable for the Pre 78 classes:
a) Machines and components that
are limited to the 1975, 1976, 1977
models alone. The only exception to
this Rule is where the model remains
unaltered after this date.
b) Pre 78 Women’s class: acceptable
machines and components are up to
and including the 1977 model year.
The only exception to this Rule is
where the model remains unaltered
after this date.
13.14.5.2Front wheel travel will not exceed 229mm
(9 inches) rear wheel travel will be limited
to 229mm (9 inches) measured at the
axle. Rear shock absorbers will be in
the original position using the original
mounting points.
13.14.5.3Carburettors; any type of pre 1978 round
slide may be used.
13.14.5.4Acceptable follow on models for Pre 78
a) CZ 125 1978, CZ400 1978,
b) Montesa VB (must comply to
suspension limits),
c) Yamaha TT500 1978.
13.14.6 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Evolution Class Solo
13.14.6.1Acceptable for the Evolution class are
machines and components that fall within
the Post Classic and Classic era. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered. after the period. The
use of replica replacement components
for safety reasons is permitted.
13.14.6.2Modifications converting later equipment
to comply will not be allowed.
13.14.6.3All machines must comply with the three
following conditions:
a) No linkage suspension,
b) No disk brakes,
c) Air cooled motors.
13.14.6.4Carburettors; period flat slide carburettors
and any round slide carburettor may be
used.
13.14.6.5
The handlebars must be equipped
with a protection pad on the cross bar.
Handlebars not fitted with a cross bar
must be equipped with a protection pad
located in the middle of the handlebars
covering the handlebar clamps.
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
13.14.7 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 85 Solo
13.14.7.1Acceptable for the Pre 85 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1984 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.7.2Carburettors; period flat slide carburettors
and any round slide carburettor may be
used.
13.14.7.3
The handlebars must be equipped
with a protection pad on the cross bar.
Handlebars not fitted with a cross bar
must be equipped with a protection pad
located in the middle of the handlebars
covering the handlebar clamps.
13.14.8 Acceptable Machines and Components:
Pre 90 Solo
13.14.8.1Acceptable for the Pre 90 class are
machines and components built up to
and including the 1989 model. The only
exception to this Rule is where the model
remains unaltered after this date.
13.14.8.2Carburettors; period flat slide carburettors
and any round slide carburettor may be
used.
13.14.8.3
The handlebars must be equipped
with a protection pad on the cross bar.
Handlebars not fitted with a cross bar
must be equipped with a protection pad
located in the middle of the handlebars
covering the handlebar clamps.
13.15SLIDERS
13.15.1Frames
13.15.1.1The frame must:
a) Have a conventional swing arm
rear suspension with twin shock
absorbers,
b) Have a front wheel diameter of 23”,
c) Have a rear wheel diameter of 19”,
d) Have rear tyres with a maximum
tread pattern depth of 8mm.
13.15.1.2Leading-link front forks are prohibited in
Classic classes.
13.15.1.3Period leading-link forks are permitted in
Post Classic classes.
13.15.2Engine
13.15.2.1The engines for the Classic Slider classes
must be a period 4-stroke and:
a) Single cylinder with two valve push
rod operation,
b) Have a single spark plug,
c) Be vertical in the chassis,
d) Be fitted with a round slide
carburettor, or
e) Be a period 2-stroke compatible with
class entered.
13.15.2.2The engines for the Post Classic Slider
classes must be a period 4-stroke and:
i) Single cylinder,
ii) Have a single spark plug,
iii) Be vertical in the chassis,
iv) Be fitted with a carburetor
available during the Pre 1990
period, or
v) Be a period 2-stroke compatible
with class entered.
13.16 SIDECARS
13.16.1 All Classes
13.16.1.1Left-hand and right-hand sidecars may
compete against each other in Classic
Motocross.
13.16.2 Frames and Parts
13.16.2.1For the Pre 75 classes, all performance
parts except frames must be manufactured
before 31st December 1974 and must
comply with the following:
a) Wheel track measurement, taken
between the longitudinal centres of
the rear and sidecar wheels must be
between 810mm and 1100mm,
b) The minimum ground clearance must
be 175mm unladen,
c) The maximum lean of the motorcycle
at saddle height must be 50mm,
d) The dimensions of the sidecar
baseboard in plain view, taken from a
line drawn no further rearwards than
the lowest point of the front downtube to the forward most point of the
sidecar wheel tyre and terminating
no further rearwards than a line
drawn at right angles to the machine
from the rearmost point of the rear
tyre, must be:
i) At least 760mm long adjacent to
the sidecar wheel,
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13 CLASSIC MOTOCROSS & CLASSIC DIRT TRACK
ii) At least 300mm wide with at
least 25mm radius to all corners.
e) There must be no more than 50mm
between baseboard and motorcycle
and between baseboard and sidecar
wheel. The baseboard must be
arranged so as not to allow the
passenger’s feet to be trapped,
f) There must be no less than 4 sidecar
attachment points,
g) Stirrup fitting for the passenger’s feet
are not permitted,
h)Handholds:
i) Must be finished with a loop of at
least 100mm,
ii) Must not project beyond a line
taken with the outer edge of the
sidecar mudguard or bodywork,
iii) Adjacent to the nose section
of the sidecar and less than
200mm from the track surface
must be at an angle of at least
45° from the horizontal.
i) The rear end of the rear wheel
mudguard must terminate not more
than 65° above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear wheel axle
and be valanced to baseboard level
on the inside,
j) The sidecar mudguard must cover
at least 135° of the periphery of the
wheel and be valanced to baseboard
level on the inside,
k) No machine may be fitted with scoop
or paddle tyres,
l) Suspension travel must not exceed:
i) 178mm (7”) measured at the
front axle,
ii) 102mm (4”) at the rear axle.
m) Rear tyre width must not exceed
135mm (5.3”),
n)Brakes:
i) Front - single caliper, single
disc may be fitted provided they
were manufactured before 31st
December 1974,
ii) Rear - rear disc brakes may be
used provided they were fitted
as standard equipment for that
particular combination.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
o) Only round-slide carburettors
manufactured within the relevant
period may be used,
p) Engine capacity must be up to
1300cc.
13.16.2.2
Pre 85 is for sidecars constructed
with motors manufactured before 31st
December 1984.
13.16.2.3A lanyard operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, must be
fitted to both all sidecars with a maximum
length of one metre.
13.16.2.4Pre 68 will be for sidecars constructed
from road going frames and all major
components are those commercially
available within the period.
13.16.2.5The following table sets out the machines
and components which eligibility
scrutineers may use as a guide in
determining eligibility. Entrants must
prove eligibility of machines not listed
below:
MAKE
MODEL(S)
Wasp
All up to and including RT2, RT8 and
RT14
Hagon
All up to 31st December 1974
Yamaha
XS 650 all models
Honda
Any K series
Norton
All 750, 850 to Mk2 only
Westlake
All up to 850cc and 31st December
1974
Triumph
All up to T150
CCM
All BSA B50 based models
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14
ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 148
SECTION 14A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN OFF ROAD CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.2 CATEGORIES FOR AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY ENDURO CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. ..
14.3 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN OFF ROAD CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.4 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
148
148
148
148
148
SECTION 14B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 149
14.5 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 149
14.6 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 149
SECTION 14C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14.7 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.8 ELIGIBILITY: AUSTRALIAN OFF ROAD CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.9 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.10 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.11 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.12 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.13 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.14 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: ENDURO.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
149
149
149
150
151
151
151
151
153
SECTION 14D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.15 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.16FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.17ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.18 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.19 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
162
162
162
162
162
164
SECTION 14E: AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY ENDURO CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.20 DESCRIPTION OF AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY ENDURO (A4DE).. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.21 SENIOR AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY ENDURO CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.22 ELIGIBILITY: A4DE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.23 COMPETITION RULES: A4DE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
14.24 A4DE COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.25 PUBLICATION OF RESULTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
14.26 A4DE AWARDS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
165
165
165
166
166
167
168
168
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for Enduro and
Reliability Trials
Everything that is not authorised and prescribed in this
chapter is strictly prohibited.
SECTION 14A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
14.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN OFF ROAD
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS
CAPACITY
Class E1
100cc to 200cc 2-stroke &
150cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Class E2
220cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
275cc to 450cc 4-stroke
Class E3
290cc to 500cc 2-stroke &
475cc to 650cc 4-stroke
Class EJ
All Powers
Veterans
All Powers
Masters
All Powers
Women
All Powers
14.2
CATEGORIES FOR AUSTRALIAN
FOUR-DAY ENDURO
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS
CAPACITY
E1
100cc to 200cc 2-stroke &
150cc to 250cc 4-stroke
E2
220cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
275cc to 450cc 4-stroke
E3
290cc to 500cc 2-stroke &
475cc to 650cc 4-stroke
State Trophy
Team
Junior Trophy
Team
Veterans
Masters
Women
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14.3
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN OFF ROAD
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS/AGE
RANGE
CAPACITY
Class J2
12 to 15
85cc 2-stroke &
Up to 150cc 4-stroke
Class J3
13 to 14
125cc to 200cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Class J4
15 years
125cc to 200cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
14.4
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
14.4.1 Individual Competitions
14.4.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
14.4.2 All Competitions
14.4.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
14.4.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for sidecar classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races.
14.4.3
Australian
Enduro
Teams
Championships
14.4.3.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
members of the 1st, 2nd and 3rd placed
teams in the State trophy and Junior
trophy competition at the Australian
Enduro teams Championships.
14.4.4 Validity of Championships
14.4.4.1 For a Championship to be awarded in
a class there must be a valid field in at
least 75% of the rounds in that class: a
minimum of 10 competitors for each
class except the Women’s class which
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
must have a minimum of 6 otherwise
the total of all rounds will not constitute a
Championship.
14.4.5 Australian Off Road Championship
Awards (AORC)
14.4.5.1 Winners and place getters will receive MA
medallions as per GCR 14.4.1
14.4.5.2 Other awards and/or prize money will
be awarded as detailed in the event
supplementary regulations.
SECTION 14B: COMPETITION CLASSES
14.5
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS
CAPACITY
Enduro 1
100cc to 200cc 2-stroke &
150cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Enduro 2
220cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
275cc to 450cc 4-stroke
Enduro 3
290cc to 500cc 2-stroke &
475cc to 650cc 4-stroke
14.6
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
4 to under 9
50cc Demo Class
(Non-competitive)
7 to under 9
50cc Auto
7 to under 13
65cc
9 to under 12
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard Wheel)
9 to under 16
80cc to 160cc 4-stroke
12 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
(Standard / Big Wheels)
13 to under 16
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke &
100cc to 200cc 2-stroke
SECTION 14C: COMPETITION RULES
14.7
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
14.7.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, other than an Australian
Championship, unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
14.7.0.2 No person may participate in an Australian
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
Championship unless and until:
a) That person’s protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that meeting, or
b) If stipulated in supplementary
regulations, the person provides
the Scrutineer with a signed
checklist that the protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
self-scrutineered.
14.7.0.3At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
14.7.0.4 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
14.7.0.5 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
14.7.0.6 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
14.8 ELIGIBILITY: AUSTRALIAN OFF
ROAD CHAMPIONSHIP
14.8.1 All Classes
14.8.1.1 Only solo machines are eligible for the
Australian Off Road Championships.
14.8.1.2 No rider competing in the AORC event
may compete at another event at the
same venue on any of the 8 days
immediately preceding the AORC event.
14.8.2 Veterans Class
14.8.2.1 Riders must have turned 35 years before
1st January in the year of competition.
Machines may be of any capacity.
14.8.3 Masters Class
14.8.3.1 Riders must have turned 45 years before
1st January in the year of the competition.
Machines may be of any capacity.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.8.4 Womens Class
14.8.4.1Women may ride machines of any
capacity.
14.8.4.2 To constitute a class, there must be a
minimum of 6 competitors entered and
competing in the Womens class.
14.8.4.3 Should there be insufficient numbers in
this class, the riders will be included in the
appropriate capacity class.
14.8.5 Enduro Junior
14.8.5.1 Riders must be 19 years or under on
the 1st January of the competition year.
Machines may be of any capacity.
14.9
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
14.9.1 Junior Competition
14.9.1.1Juniors only to compete in Junior
competition.
14.9.1.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
14.9.1.3 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
14.9.1.4 Subject to GCR 14.9.1.2 a), a Junior
who is under the age of 9 years may
compete on a 50cc automatic machine
notwithstanding that the Junior is unable
to lift the machine unaided from the
horizontal to vertical.
14.9.1.5 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
14.9.1.6Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14.9.1.7 In the 4 to Under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive Demo, all riders are entitled
to receive a prize or award of the same
size/value.
14.9.1.8 Subject to the following two GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
14.9.1.9 Age group racing:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), only
competitors in the same age groups
may compete against each other,
b) Competitors from different age
groups in the following classes may
compete with each other if there are
insufficient entries for each class:
i) 85cc 2-stroke Big Wheels and
100cc to 150cc 4-stroke single
cylinder,
ii) 100cc to 150cc single cylinder &
250cc 4-stroke.
14.9.1.10A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
14.9.1.11
Non-Motocross type 80cc to 160cc
4-stroke machines are approved
for competition under the following
conditions:
a) Use limited to natural terrain
Motocross (no man-made jumps),
Enduro competitions only,
b) Exhaust systems may be modified or
changed,
c) External gearing and carburetor
jetting may also be altered,
d) No other modifications are allowed.
14.9.1.12Motocross-type 150cc 4-stroke machines
may compete against 85cc 2-stroke
machines in Junior competition.
14.9.1.13Subject to GCR 14.9.1.2 and 14.9.1.3,
Competitors aged 13 to under 16 years
in the Enduro discipline may compete
in other than a Junior competition if
that competition is:
a) E1 class,
b) EJ class,
i) Participation in the EJ class
is restricted to a machine
capacity endorsed under
Junior competition.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.9.1.14Competitors aged 13 to under 16 years
may participate in classes listed in
GCR 14.9.1.13, provided the following
conditions are met:
a) The State Controlling Body is
satisfied of their competence,
b) The competitor obtains a licence
endorsement for Enduro.
14.9.1.15State legislation will override GCR
14.9.1.13 where applicable.
14.12
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
14.10.2 Helmet Cameras
14.10.2.1Cameras may be fitted to the
motorcycle provided they are securely
mounted. Camera mounts are subject
to approval by the Chief Scrutineer.
Helmet cameras are not permitted
unless the camera is integrated into the
helmet, by design of the manufacturer.
Helmet cameras may be fitted providing
the mounting to the helmet will allow the
camera to detach if impacted upon and
the attachment method must not impair
the integrity or operation of the helmet.
14.12.1 Number Plates
14.12.1.1For all competitions three number plates
must be fitted: one at the front and one on
each side.
14.12.1.2Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
b) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
c) In the case of bolt on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
d) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
14.12.1.3Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm wide border.
14.12.1.4Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest.
14.12.1.5Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
14.12.1.6Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
number plate background and the rider’s
name by either a gap or a contrasting
colour strip, unless the advertising is an
integral part of the back plate cover.
14.11
14.13 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
14.9.2
14.9.2.1
•
•
•
•
•
•
Junior Enduro Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
50cc
65cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
200cc 2-stroke
250cc 4-stroke
Enduro 13 to Under 16 race with
Seniors
14.10
GENERAL RULES
14.10.1Homologation
14.10.1.1For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
14.11.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Enduro or Reliability
Trial competition unless wearing the
protective clothing/equipment as outlined
in Appendix A: Protective Clothing and
Equipment.
14.13.1 Flags and Signals
14.13.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
14.13.1.2Track flags and signals are as per
Appendix B: Track Flags & Signals.
14.13.2 Measurement at Meetings
14.13.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
151
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
relevant controlling body.
14.13.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
14.13.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
14.13.3.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
14.13.3.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
14.13.3.3The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
14.13.3.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the relevant controlling body within 21
days after the event.
14.13.3.5No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
14.13.4 Description of Australian Off Road
Championships
14.13.4.1The Australian Off Road Championships
will be decided over a series of events
152
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
from the Enduro discipline. These may
include Enduro, Sprint, Cross Country
and Enduro Sprint. The number of
rounds will be prescribed in the series
Supplementary Regulations.
14.13.5 Cross Country: Race Meeting Protocols
14.13.5.1These rules are additional to and/or
exceptions to current Enduro rules. All
other Enduro rules apply in this form of
the discipline unless modified by State
Controlling Body by-laws or the event
Supplementary Regulations.
14.13.5.2Cross Country is an off road, natural
terrain, continuous multi-lap event with
each lap being above 10kms in length.
For State and AORC events the intended
lap time should be greater than 15
minutes. The rider or team in each class
completing the most laps in the least
elapsed time will be declared the winner
of the class.
14.13.5.3Cross Country events may be run over:
a) A specified number of laps, or
b) A specified length of time.
14.13.5.4Cross Country events must:
a) Start with riders lined up in single
rows,
b) Have a maximum of 40 riders per
row,
c) Start only one row at a time,
d) Have a minimum of 1 minute
between rows starting.
14.13.5.5Prior to competition there may be an
escorted preliminary lap of the course.
14.13.5.6
Outside mechanical assistance is
permitted in areas designated by the
organiser (including receiving tools and
parts).
14.13.5.7Riders completing less than 50% of the
time/distance of the winner of the race will
be classified as ‘Did Not Finish’ (DNF).
14.13.6 Cross Country Pony Express: Race
Meeting Protocols
14.13.6.1Pony Express is a form of Cross Country
racing in which usually riders participate
under the following conditions:
a) 2 riders and 2 machines,
b) 2 riders and 1 machine,
c) Ironman Class - 1 rider and 1
machine.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.13.7 Sprint: Race Meeting Protocols
14.13.7.1These rules are additional to and/or
exceptions to current Enduro rules. All
other Enduro rules apply in this form of
the discipline unless modified by State
Controlling Body by-laws or the event
supplementary regulations.
14.13.7.2Sprint is an off road, natural terrain event
consisting of a number of heats of a short
course. Each heat is set along the lines of
an Enduro Special Test. The rider in each
class with the least total elapsed time will
be declared the winner of the class.
14.13.7.3Sprint heats will adhere to Enduro rules
for timed tests (GCR 14.14.14).
14.13.7.4The Clerk of Course will confirm the
number of heats to be run on the day as
soon as practical after the end of the first
heat.
14.13.7.5To be considered a finisher, riders must
start all heats and complete at least 75%
of the heats.
14.13.7.6A rider who does not complete a heat will
be awarded the slowest heat time in their
class plus 100 seconds.
14.13.7.7In National and Open Competitions a rider
is only permitted to enter one class of the
event.
14.13.7.8Multiple entry of one machine in the same
class is not permitted.
14.13.7.9Full mechanical assistance is permitted in
areas designated by the organiser.
14.13.7.10A Cross Country Sprint may include a
timed enduro loop between each heat.
14.13.7.11Prior to competition there will be an
escorted preliminary lap of the sprint.
14.13.9Scoring
14.13.9.1Points to be allocated to competitor
finishing order as follows:
14.13.8Change of Machine During a
Competition
14.13.8.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any Supplementary
Regulations.
PLACE
POINTS
PLACE
POINTS
1
25
11
10
2
22
12
9
3
20
13
8
4
18
14
7
5
16
15
6
6
15
16
5
7
14
17
4
8
13
18
3
9
12
19
2
10
11
20
1
14.13.9.2 An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
14.13.9.3 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who has
the higher finishing position in the final leg
of the event will be awarded the position.
14.13.9.4 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
14.14
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
ENDURO
14.14.1 Enduro Flags
14.14.1.1For Enduro, flags will have the following
meanings:
a) White flags displayed on pegs Entry to fuel control: Time check 200
metres,
b) Yellow flags displayed on pegs Time check 5-20 metres,
c) Blue flags displayed on pegs Route check approximately 200
metres,
d) White flag with Black Cross
displayed on pegs No service time check approximately
70 metres,
e) Green Flag displayed on pegs Exit from time check.
153
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
154
14.14.2 Enduro Courses
14.14.2.1Courses must be clearly marked.
14.14.2.2Each course must:
a) Have time check points which must:
i) Have a digital clock showing
hours minutes and seconds at
the control table,
ii) Have a check list showing arrival
time of each competitor in the
time check,
iii) Be placed at the entrance to
the parc fermé for the start and
finish of each day of the event,
iv) Be placed at intermediate points
selected by the Promoter and
indicated on the itinerary,
v) Preferably be no less than 5
kilometres nor more than 35
kilometres apart,
vi) Be indicated by:
• White flags placed 200
metres, and
• Yellow flags placed 5-20
metres
before the control table, and
• Green flags placed 2 metres
after the control table,
• Flags placed on both sides of
the course so as to be clearly
visible to the competitors.
14.14.2.3Each course may:
a) Have route check points which:
i) Need not be marked on the
route card,
ii) Must be indicated by blue flags
placed on either side of the
course 200 metres before the
route check,
iii) Have a check list of the progress
of each competitor.
b) Have time check points with no
service which:
i) Will display a white flag with
a black cross on both sides of
the track 70 metres before the
control table.
14.14.2.4For multi-day events each course may
have:
a) A final service area before the final
time check point,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) Before the final service area, a
pre-finish time check, which is a no
service time check.
After which competitors have 15 minutes
to reach the final time check.
14.14.2.5The area between the yellow and green
flags is considered parc fermé concerning
access.
14.14.3Entries
14.14.3.1After the closing date for entries:
a) A competitor may apply in writing to
the Race Secretary for permission to
change machines, and be entered in
the relevant class,
b) A team may apply in writing to the
Race Secretary for permission:
i) For a team member to change
machines and be entered in the
relevant class,
ii) To substitute one entered team
member for another.
14.14.3.2The Race Secretary may grant permission
subject to such conditions as he or she
thinks fit or may refuse permission.
14.14.3.3A competitor who is substituted may not
compete without the permission of the
Race Secretary.
14.14.3.4No team or competitor may change the
capacity of an entered machine.
14.14.3.5Applications must be delivered to the
Race Secretary before the preliminary
machine examination.
14.14.4 The Starting Area
14.14.4.1The starting area may:
a) Contain a parc fermé to which all
access and egress is controlled
and which connects directly to the
working area,
b) Contain a working area from which
there is only one exit to the starting
enclosure and where machine
maintenance may be carried out,
c) Contain a starting enclosure at one
end of which is the starting line and
in which the competitors await the
starting signal,
d) Be secured by fencing or otherwise
regulated as to access so as to
prevent the entry of unauthorised
persons,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
e) Be in the charge of officials who are
clearly identified,
f) Have its entrance and exit clearly
marked.
14.14.4.2No competitor or person other than:
a) The Steward,
b) The Clerk of Course, or
c) Any other official in charge thereof,
may enter the starting area unless
authorised by a relevant official or
otherwise for purposes permitted under
these Rules.
14.14.4.3
The supplementary regulations may
prescribe the time for delivery of machines
into the starting area before the start of an
event and thereafter machines must:
a) Remain in the starting area until the
start,
b) Be returned at the end of each day
for detention overnight,
c) Be released in time for the start of
the next day,
d) Be in the open air and not covered in
any manner.
14.14.7.2It is not permitted to start the engine in:
a) The parc fermé, working area, or
b) The starting area before the starting
signal is given.
14.14.7.3Within one minute of the signal being
given, the competitor must:
a) Start the engine at the starting line
using the machine’s kick starter or
starter motor,
b) Cross a second line 20 metres from
the starting line under engine power.
14.14.7.4A competitor who arrives at the starting
line more than one minute late for that
competitor’s allocated starting time:
a) Will lose 60 points for every minute
late,
b) Must be allocated a new start time
which must be the indicated time of
arrival at the starting line ignoring
seconds,
c) Must comply with standard starting
procedures.
14.14.7.5If the competitor is more than 15 minutes
late, they will be excluded for the day.
14.14.7.6On each day of the event, competitors
may enter the parc fermé 15 minutes
before their starting times and move their
machines by hand to the entry to the work
area.
14.14.7.7Competitors may have 10 minutes before
their starting times to carry out machine
preparation.
14.14.5 Preliminary Examination
14.14.5.1Before each event, there must be a
preliminary examination of competing
machines.
14.14.5.2At the preliminary examination, each
machine may be sound tested and marked
if it does not exceed the prescribed sound
emission levels.
14.14.5.3At the conclusion of the preliminary
examination each machine must be
delivered into the parc fermé. No
motorcycle may enter parc fermé without a
stand approved at machine examination.
14.14.5.4An event commences at the conclusion of
the preliminary examination.
14.14.6 Starting Order and Numbers
14.14.6.1The starting order of groups or classes will
be as determined by the supplementary
regulations.
14.14.6.2The starting numbers of riders will be
determined by a draw for each class.
14.14.7 Starting Procedures
14.14.7.1The start signal for each competitor must
be given as nearly as practicable to that
competitor’s scheduled starting time.
14.14.8 Event Procedures
14.14.8.1For Enduro events, the total time for the
day of competition must not exceed 7.5
hours, including the 15 minutes at the final
time check.
14.14.8.2Competitors must at all times during the
event:
a) Remain on the course,
b) Follow the competition direction.
14.14.8.3At the beginning or end of a lap, a section
or day, the Clerk of Course, due to
weather or other conditions, may:
a) Declare a section of the course to be
impassable and in that event:
i) That section will cease to be part
of the course, and
ii) Any penalties incurred in that
section will not be taken into
account in scoring for the event. 155
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
b) Change the time schedule for the
section to a slower schedule.
14.14.8.4Each competitor must be allocated a
starting time and a time for each section
between time checks.
14.14.8.5
The recorded arrival time for each
competitor in a section is the starting time
for that competitor in the next section.
14.14.8.6During an event the competitor must have
all marked parts on the motorcycle at all
times when on the course, subject to GCR
14.14.11
14.14.8.7During an event, a competitor must not
stop between the yellow flags and the
control table.
14.14.8.8A competitor may pass the final time
check at the entrance to the parc fermé
early, without penalty.
14.14.8.9When the machine is placed in the parc
fermé it must be completely equipped with
all the marked parts.
14.14.8.10At the end of any event there may be a final
examination at which any of the machines
may be impounded for examination.
14.14.8.11If a competitor can convince the Jury he
was delayed by abnormal circumstances
outside his control, (e.g. providing
assistance to an injured competitor),
an allowance may be granted. Alleged
baulking by another competitor is not an
abnormal circumstance.
14.14.8.12When the case of a rider is under
discussion he may continue in the event
until the jury makes the final decision.
14.14.9Re-starts
14.14.9.1A competitor who retires, or is excluded
from an event for a day:
a) For multi-day events, may re-start
in the competition on following days
from the rear of the field,
b) For single day events, or if the
competitor is excluded or retires for a
second time from a multi-day event,
may not continue on the course.
14.14.9.2To be eligible to re-start, a competitor
must deliver the machine to the parc
fermé at least 60 minutes before the
amended start time.
156
14.14.10 Time Cards, Route Cards and Itinerary
14.14.10.1Each competitor must stop at all timecheckpoints and route checkpoints.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14.14.10.2Time cards must be issued and route
cards may be issued:
a) For the first day, at the preliminary
examination,
b) For all other days, as competitors
leave the parc fermé at the end of
the previous day.
14.14.10.3Time cards:
a) Must be presented at each control
table, or, on demand, to an official,
b) Must be handed in at the end of
each day to the final control official,
c) Must not be altered or obliterated by
any competitor,
d) Must not be exchanged between
competitors,
e) Must, in the event of loss, be
replaced by the official in charge of
the next time control,
f) May show the prescribed running
time for each section.
14.14.10.4Route cards:
a) Must be presented at all route
checks,
b) Must be handed in at the end of
each day to the final control official,
c) Must not be altered or obliterated by
any competitor,
d) Must not be exchanged between
competitors,
e) Must, in the event of loss, be
replaced by the official in charge of
the next time control.
14.14.10.5Itineraries:
a) Must be issued at the preliminary
examination or displayed prominently
in the starting area,
b) Must clearly indicate all competition
distances and show the prescribed
running time for each section,
c) Must contain samples of signs or
indicators used for course markings,
d) Are, for all purposes connected
with the competition, deemed to be
accurate.
14.14.11Maintenance, Repair, Alteration and
Refuelling
14.14.11.1A machine may be cleaned, altered,
repaired or refuelled during an event as
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
follows:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), assistance is
not permitted during the course of an
event,
b) A competitor may receive assistance
for the following:
i)Refuelling,
ii) Removing, replacing and
replenishing:
• Coolant,
• Engine and gearbox lubricating
oils and removal and
replacement of oil filters.
iii) Removing air from the braking
circuit,
iv) Inflating tubes and tyres.
v) Cleaning number plates and
plastic parts of the motorcycle
with the aid of a sponge or cloth.
c) No work on the machine may take
place:
i) In any tent, vehicle or other
enclosed place,
ii) In the parc fermé,
iii) In the time check area.
d) The rider is allowed to change any
unmarked parts anywhere on the
course but may receive spare parts
and tools only in the servicing areas.
e) A competitor may not receive or use
the following tools:
i) Any form of welding equipment
other than for repairs to the
exhaust system,
ii) Pressure cleaning apparatus,
iii) Electrical and air powered tools
operated by remote connection.
f) A competitor may, for the purposes
of carrying out alterations or repairs,
receive spare parts:
i) In the working area in the
starting area,
ii) Between the white and yellow
flags adjacent to a time check
point.
g) A competitor may leave used parts
where the alterations or repairs were
carried out.
i) A rider wishing to repair or
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
replace the silencer of his
machine can do so at the end of
the day, after the last time check
and before entering the parc
fermé. The work must be carried
out under the supervision of an
official.
ii) The rider will be allowed an
extra time of 60 minutes for this
work.
iii) The same applies to riders who
for any reason have been told by
the Clerk of the Course to have
their machines sound tested.
iv) The rider may request as many
sound tests as they wish during
the 60 minute allowance.
v) After 60 minutes have elapsed,
the rider will be required to
present their machine to the
Sound Control Officer for testing.
If sound level are above the
required standard, the rider
will be excluded disqualified
(or other penalties given as
provided for in the GCRs).
vi) If the silencer is changed during
the day, the rider must present
it to be noted at the next time
check point. At the end of the
day, a sound control test will be
carried out during the 60 minute
allowance. If the test is passed,
the silencer will be marked with
the official paint. If not, the
rider may be excluded (or other
penalties given as provided for
in the GCRs).
h) The engine must be stopped during
refueling.
i) The rider must dismount from the
motorcycle during refueling.
j) An environmental mat or other
effective device is required to be
used when refueling, replenishing
all oils and chemicals (including
the oiling of chains) in order to stop
ground contamination. The minimum
specifications of the mat are:
i) Dimensions minimum 160cm x
100cm;
157
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
ii) Absorption capacity minimum one
litre;
iii) Thickness minimum 5mm.
The penalty for non-compliance may
be discretionary.
No fuel may be carried other than
in a tank or container permanently
attached to the machine.
Unless otherwise stated in the
supplementary regulations,
replacement of any fluids except
water or coolant is only permitted in
the work area and at a time check
between the white and yellow flags
where service is permitted.
There must be at least one refueling
depot at a maximum of every 50km.
Tyres may only be changed:
i) At the final service area,
ii) In the work area at the start.
In any replenishment area, the
chain can be lubricated but only
the rider is allowed to do this
work.
14.14.12Assistance
14.14.12.1All outside assistance is forbidden, other
than the normal assistance given at the
official time checks.
14.14.12.2The term “outside assistance” refers to
the act involved when any person, other
than the rider or an official performing
his duties, comes into contact with the
motorcycle.
14.14.12.3No machine may be moved otherwise
than by:
a) Its engine, or
b) The actions of its rider.
14.14.12.4No competitor may be accompanied
anywhere on the course.
14.14.12.5The term “accompanied” refers to the
act of riding in company for the purpose
of receiving assistance, with any person
other than a registered official of the event
in the course of their duties.
158
14.14.13 Inspection and Marking
14.14.13.1At any time check a relevant official:
a) Must record the time as displayed on
the clock when,
i) The competitor’s time card is
presented, or
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ii) When the motorcycle enters
the control by passing the
yellow flags.
The method used will be
announced in the supplementary
regulations or during riders
briefing.
b) May inspect any machine,
c) May mark any part,
d) May direct the alteration of any
machine which does not comply with
any requirement of these Rules or
the supplementary regulations,
e) May direct the administration of any
sound or other test,
f) May report any competitor or
machine to the jury or a key official.
14.14.13.2Any competitor required to submit to a
sound test under the preceding Rule:
a) May request further tests during the
30 minutes next after the completion
of the initial test,
b) May be required, at the expiration of
that time, to submit to a further test,
c) May not continue in the event if,
at the expiration of that time, the
machine does not comply with the
prescribed sound emission levels.
14.14.14 Timed Tests
14.14.14.1Timed tests must be as follows:
a) Average speed must not exceed
50km/h,
b) Competitors may inspect test
courses on foot but not by wheeled
vehicle,
c) Be safe and of a reasonable degree
of difficulty,
d) For multi-day events, be marked
not less than 48 hours before the
scheduled start time for the test,
e) A rider who leaves the test course
and gains an advantage may incur
penalties as in GCR 7.1.6
14.14.15 Cross Tests and Enduro Tests
14.14.15.1Cross tests and Enduro tests must be as
follows:
a) Cross test courses must:
i) Be between 2 and 5 kilometres
in length,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
ii) Be specially prepared for the
test,
iii) Have safety zones at all bends
and other places of potential
danger to spectators, with a
minimum width of one metre
to which spectators have no
access,
iv) Start within one kilometre of a
time check point,
v) Have the start and finish line in
the same vicinity.
Enduro test courses must:
i) Be readily accessible to a fourwheel drive vehicle,
ii) Be on a section of the course
between 2 time checks,
iii) Be between 3 and 10 kilometres
in length,
iv) Be untimed during the first lap
and timed during subsequent
laps,
v) For multi-day events, an Enduro
test which is ridden on previous
days and repeated in the same
direction on future days may be
timed on the first lap of these
subsequent days.
Each competitor must:
i) Start with the engine running,
ii) Come to a stop at the start line,
as directed by an official, and
start within 10 seconds after
being directed by the official,
iii) The riders start time will be the
moment the front wheel moves
past the recording device or at
the expiration of the 10 seconds.
More than one test may be run on
the same course in each day,
Tests must have flying finishes
with each competitor’s time being
recorded at the point of crossing the
finish line,
Competitors may inspect special test
courses on foot,
As each competitor finishes they
must resume the principal course
without stopping.
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.14.16 Final Test
14.14.16.1At the end of an event there may be a final
test which must be a closed circuit with a
minimum of 5 laps and a maximum of 10
laps covering a total distance of between
10 and 18 kilometers.
14.14.16.2Before the start of the test all machines
must be delivered to a parc fermé.
14.14.16.3Prior to competition, there will be a
voluntary escorted preliminary lap of the
course.
14.14.16.4Tests will be divided into groups based on
classes.
14.14.16.5Should a competitor finish the road test
late, the competitor may be transferred to
another group.
14.14.16.6Re-start competitors must not compete
in a test with competitors who are still in
the competition. They may compete in a
separate test if one is scheduled by the
organisers.
14.14.16.7For multi-day events, massed starts must
be used with grid positions determined by
placings at the end of the previous day.
14.14.16.8For one-day events, grid positions must
be allocated by the Promoter.
14.14.16.9At the conclusion of the prescribed
number of laps by the leading rider, the
chequered flag will be shown. From the
time the race winner takes the chequered
flag 5 minutes will be allowed for other
riders to complete the lap they are on,
after which the test is over.
14.14.16.10For riders who do not complete the
same number of laps as the winner,
the following formula will be applied to
calculate their time:
T / L xW
Where:
T = total time taken by the rider to
reach the finish line
L = number of laps completed by the
rider
W = number of laps completed by the
class winner of that particular heat
If a rider does not cross the finish line
within 5 minutes of the winner, their
time will be the time of the slowest
rider in their class heat to reach the
finish line, plus 5%.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.14.17 Finish of Event
14.14.17.1All finishing machines may be impounded
for 30 minutes.
14.14.17.2For each machine an event finishes:
a) If there is a final examination, at the
conclusion of the examination of the
machine,
b) If there is no final examination, at the
moment the machine arrives at the
final time check.
14.14.17.3A rider is considered to have finished the
Enduro when he has passed the final time
check of the event. Failure to complete
the final speed test (if applicable) will
incur the maximum penalty as per GCR
14.14.18
14.14.18 Enduro Penalties
14.14.18.1Penalty time points is incurred as follows:
PENALTY
POINTS
Late arrival at the start line
60 seconds points
per minute
Not crossing the 20m line
under power within time
10 seconds points
Early and late arrival at a
time check
60 seconds points
per minute
Stopping between yellow
flags and control table at
time check
60 seconds points
Starting of engine in starting
area prior to start signal
60 seconds points
Starting the engine in the
parc fermé or work area
120 seconds points
Uncompleted day for a
competitor
7200 seconds points
Special tests - for each
1/100 sec
1/100 seconds point
Final test – for each
uncompleted lap plus
the time of the slowest
completed test time in the
same class
60 seconds points
Individuals who re-start
– per day plus points for
completed special tests
7200 seconds points
14.14.19 Classification of Individuals and Teams
14.14.19.1For individual classification, the time
160
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
obtained each day will be added for each
rider in each class and in each category.
The rider with the total lowest time will be
placed 1st and so on.
14.14.19.2For individuals, daily time penalty points
will be accumulated.
14.14.19.3For teams:
a) For the team classification, the times
obtained by each team rider will be
added together to form the daily time
of the team. The team with the total
lowest time will be placed 1st and so
on,
b) Daily penalty time points will be
accumulated.
14.14.19.4Where a competitor is a member of a
team:
a) The team will incur 7,200 seconds
penalty points for each day of
the event that the rider does not
complete.
b) If the competitor is permitted to
re-start after exclusion for a day,
the team will incur 7,200 seconds
points for the day the competitor was
excluded plus 7,200 seconds for
each following day.
14.14.20 Exclusion from an Event
14.14.20.1A competitor is liable to be excluded from
an event for any of the following acts
during the event:
a) Competing on a machine with an
engine capacity different from that
stated on the entry form,
b) Receiving spare parts or tools
anywhere on the course except the
service areas. (i.e. The working area
and at time checks between the
white and yellow flags),
c) Replacing any marked part without
authorisation,
d) Failing to have all marked parts on
the motorcycle at all times when on
the course, subject to GCR 14.14.11,
e) Placing the motorcycle in the parc
fermé without all the marked parts,
f) Without authorisation, entering the
parc fermé other than to collect or
deliver the machine,
g) In the parc fermé:
i) Touching any other competitor’s
machine,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
n)
o)
p)
q)
r)
s)
t)
ii) Touching his or her machine
other than for purposes of
collection or delivery,
Smoking in the parc fermé, working
area, or between the white and
yellow flags,
Placing the machine in the parc
fermé more than 2 hours after the
competitor’s scheduled finishing time,
Without authorisation, placing the
machine in any tent, vehicle or other
enclosed place,
Carrying fuel on a machine other
than in a permanently attached tank
or container,
Not stopping the engine during
refueling,
Without authorisation:
i) Communicating with
accompanying persons,
ii) Being accompanied by another
competitor,
iii) Accompanying another
competitor.
Not observing traffic regulations,
Knowingly failing to hand in time
cards at the finish of each day,
Altering a time card or route card or
using another rider’s card,
Practicing on the special test course,
Inspecting the special test course
other than on foot,
Riding against the direction of the
course,
Competing on a machine the engine
of which exceeds the maximum
capacity of the entered class.
14.14.21 Exclusion for a Day
14.14.21.1A competitor is liable to be excluded for
the day from an event if, during that day,
they do any of the following:
a) Failing to pass a sound control test,
b) Refueling outside refueling areas,
c) Failing to deposit the machine in the
parc fermé forthwith after the final
check-in of the day,
d) Entering the parc fermé with the
engine running,
e) Receiving outside assistance other
than for purposes of:
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
i)Refuelling,
ii) Removing, replacing and
replenishing:
• Coolant,
• Engine and gearbox
lubricating oils and removal
and replacement of oil filters.
iii) Removing air from the braking
circuit,
iv) Inflating tubes and tyres.
v) Cleaning number plates and
plastic parts of the motorcycle
with the aid of a sponge or
cloth.
f) Arriving more than 15 minutes late
for the start,
g) Arriving more than 30 minutes late for
a time check (the rider may opt to
continue the event until the Clerk of
Course makes a final decision),
h) Moving the machine otherwise than
by:
i) Its engine, or
ii) The actions of the competitor.
i) Riding off the course or against the
course direction,
j) Failing to get the time card and/or
control check list marked at a time
check,
k) Missing a time check or a route
check,
l) Changing tyres other than:
i) At the final service area, or
ii) In the working area in the start
area.
m) Receiving or using prohibited tools.
14.14.21.2A competitor liable to the penalties
prescribed in the two preceding Rules
may apply to the Steward for a reduction
in penalty. The Steward, on being
satisfied that penalties were incurred in
exceptional circumstances, may:
a) Determine that no penalty should be
imposed,
b) Impose a lesser penalty.
14.14.22 Explanation of Results
14.14.22.1A competitor may, no more than 24 hours
after the publication of the results of
any day’s run, request from the Clerk of
Course an explanation of those results.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.14.23 Junior Enduro Courses
14.14.23.1Enduro courses for Juniors should have
time checks no less than 5km and no
more than 20km apart.
14.14.23.2Enduro courses for Juniors must have
one refueling stop at a maximum of every
35km.
14.14.23.3For Junior Enduro the total time for the
day of competition must not exceed 4
hours, including the 15 minutes at the final
time check.
14.14.24 Junior Event Procedures
14.14.24.1Junior riders may receive assistance
starting their machine at the special test
start line.
14.14.24.2Junior riders may be given a new start
time should they stall their machine on
the start line.
14.14.24.3Junior competitors may receive parts
anywhere on the course.
14.14.24.4Junior competitors may receive outside
assistance anywhere on the course.
14.14.24.5Pit board signals will not be used in Junior
competition. Riders/Pit crew who fail to
obey this instruction are liable to exclusion
for the duration of the competition.
SECTION 14D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
14.15
SOUND EMISSIONS
14.15.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
14.16FUEL
14.16.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
14.16.0.2For Enduro events, it is recommended
that fuel containers do not exceed 10
litres and are fitted with a suitable pouring
spout.
14.17ENGINES
14.17.1 Reciprocating Engines
The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
162 2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14.17.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
14.17.2.1Unless otherwise specified in the following
table, the actual engine capacity of a
machine competing in a capacity class
may not exceed the prescribed capacity
for that class by more than 2%:
CLASS
PERMITTED
EXCESS
80cc 2-stroke
(Manufactured prior to 1/1/1995)
5%
65cc & 85cc
Nil
14.18
FRAMES AND PARTS
14.18.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
14.18.1 Fuel Tanks
14.18.1.1 Fuel tanks may be constructed from
any material that has been approved by
the Australian Standards Association
as a petrol or fuel container material.
14.18.2 Exhaust Systems
14.18.2.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread,
c) Be attached as closely as practicable
to the machine and in a manner
that does not, in the opinion of the
Scrutineer, create a hazard to other
competitors,
d) Where separate silencers are fitted,
have a minimum of two mountings
or locking screws on all machines
which have a capacity in excess of
85cc,
e) Where silencers are re-packable,
have safety wired securing bolts.
14.18.3 Centre and Side Stands
14.18.3.1Centre and Side Stands which remain on
machines must be secured in the closed
position.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.18.4Footrests
14.18.4.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear.
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
14.18.7.3If a plastic, fibreglass or part open chain
guard is used, a steel bolt of not less
than 10mm diameter, placed outside
the bottom rear quadrant of the clutch
sprocket. This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
14.18.7.4
Projecting sprockets, which are not
behind a clutch assembly or directly
behind a frame member, must be guarded
where the sprocket teeth are further than
30mm from a frame member or swinging
arm.
14.18.7.5A counter shaft sprocket which is more
than 30mm from the outside of the swing
arm pivot, must be covered.
14.18.7.6A chain guard must be fitted in a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain run and the final drive sprocket at
the rear wheel.
14.18.5Handlebars
14.18.5.1 The ends of the handlebars or twist
grip sleeves must be securely plugged
so as to present a flush or rounded
end.
14.18.5.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
14.18.5.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
14.18.5.4Hand lever protectors may be single or
double mounted.
14.18.5.5If hand lever protectors are fitted, they
must be of shatterproof material.
14.18.5.6All machines must be fitted with an
effective ignition cut-off switch located on
the handlebars.
14.18.5.7
The handlebars must be equipped
with a protection pad on the cross bar.
Handlebars without a cross member must
be equipped with a protection pad located
in the middle of the handlebars, covering
the handlebar clamps. Except for “Safari”
type events where navigation equipment
is mounted above the handlebar clamps
and/or cross bars.
14.18.8Tyres
14.18.8.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope or
other non-skid attachments, as well
as paddle or scoop treaded tyres
may not be used unless permitted
by the relevant supplementary
regulations.
b) Treads on tyres must be at least
1mm deep on any part of the tyre
that comes in contact with the
ground.
c) The tread depth indicating holes on
slick tyres must be clearly visible and
at least 0.5mm deep.
14.18.6 Kick Start Levers
14.18.6.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
14.18.7 Drive Chain Protection
14.18.7.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
14.18.7.2The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
14.18.9Mudguards
14.18.9.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
163
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
14.18.9.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
14.18.9.3
Where road authority registration is
required, the rear mudguard must be of
an Enduro style, equipped with a rearfacing tail light clearly visible to following
road users. The must be sufficient space
below the rear light to mount the number
plate.
14.19
JUNIOR CLASSES
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14.19.2Handlebars
14.19.2.1Handlebars must be securely plugged.
The width of handlebars must be not less
than 600mm and not more than 850mm.
14.19.3Engines
14.19.3.1Maximum capacity of motorcycles for
Junior Enduro is 200cc 2-Stroke and
250cc 4-Stroke.
14.19.4 Junior Trail Bikes
14.19.4.1The following machines are eligible for
club and Inter-club competitions:
a) 7 to under 13 years : 65cc class
14.19.0.1These rules are additional to and/or
exceptions to current Enduro rules. All
other Enduro rules apply in this form of
the discipline unless modified by State
Controlling Body by-laws or by the event
supplementary regulations.
14.19.1 Wheel Sizes
MODEL(s)
Honda
CRF70, XR70, CRF80, XR80,
CRF110F
Kawasaki
KLX110, KLX110C, KLX110L
Suzuki
JR80, DR-Z70
Yamaha
PW80, TT-R90 TT-R110
and similar machines approved by Board.
CLASS
FRONT
REAR
50cc Auto/
Demo
10” or 12”
(254 or 305mm)
10” (254mm)
65cc
14” to 15”
(356 to 381mm)
12” (305mm)
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
XR100, CRF100
85cc 2-stroke &
150cc 4-stroke
15” to 17”
(381 to 432mm)
14” (356mm)
Kawasaki
KE100 KLX140
85cc Big Wheel
18” to 21”
(457 to 534mm)
Yamaha
TT-R125
Suzuki
DR-Z125/L
100cc
18” to 21”
(457 to 534mm)
125cc to 200cc
2-stroke
17” to 21”
(432 to 534mm)
250cc 4-stroke
17” to 21”
(432 to 534mm)
16” to 19”
(407mm to 482mm)
164
MANUFACTURER
b) 9 to under 16 years : 85cc class:
and similar machines approved by Board.
14.19.4.2
Non-motocross type 80cc to 160cc
4-stroke machines are approved for
Enduro competition under the following
conditions:
a) Exhaust systems may be modified or
changed,
CLASS
APPROX. POWER OUTPUT
ELECTRIC WHEEL SIZE
EQUIVALENT SIZE
[Standard Motorcyles]
50cc Auto/Demo
Up to 0.75 Kw
12.5”
(Rim Bead Diameter 203mm)
8”
50cc Auto/Demo
0.75 to 1 Kw
16”
(Rim Bead Diameter 305mm)
12”
65cc
1 to 1.5 Kw
20”
(Rim Bead Diameter 396mm)
14.5”
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
b) External gearing and carburetor
jetting may be altered,
c) No other modifications allowed.
14.19.5 Electric Machines
14.19.5.1Electric machines may compete with
comparable sized machines in Junior
competition using the following table:
14.19.6 50cc Demo Class Machines
14.19.6.1Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type,
c) Wheels as per GCR 14.19.1 must be
fitted.
g)
h)
14.19.7 50cc Auto Class Machines
14.19.7.1Eligible Machines are:
i)
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Cobra
King CX50
j)
Gas Gas
EC 50
HM
CRX 10/10 Senior, Baja
10/10, X3R
k)
Husqvarna
Husky Boy SF03, CR50
Italjet
Action Outlaw
KTM
SXR PRO SNR, 50SX, SXR
PRO JNR, 50 SX 2009
LEM
RX3, RX3 2008, LX2FUSA, CR2, CR2S
Malagutti
RCX10
Polini
XR3
TM
50 C1
Metrakit
MKX50
and similar machines approved by Board.
14.19.7.2Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must have one gear,
c) External gearing may be altered,
d) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type, and of OEM type,
e) Wheels as per GCR 14.19.1 must be
fitted,
f) All machines must remain standard
to the OEM specifications. Only the
following items may be changed:
i)Colour,
ii)Seat,
iii)Mudguards,
iv)Handlebars,
v)Grips,
vi)Levers,
vii)Cables,
viii)Chains,
ix) Tyre brand and tread pattern.
The frame of a machine may be
gusseted and strengthened but not
so as to alter the geometry of the
frame,
Throttle limiting devices may be
removed,
A separate kill switch may be
installed in place of the standard,
Steel serrated foot pegs may replace
standard rubber pegs,
Aftermarket exhaust systems and
silencers are permitted.
SECTION 14E: AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY
ENDURO CHAMPIONSHIPS
14.20
DESCRIPTION OF AUSTRALIAN
FOUR-DAY ENDURO (A4DE)
14.20.0.1The Australian Enduro Championships will
be a 4 day event known as the Australian
Four Day Enduro (A4DE). The A4DE will
determine both the Australian Teams and
the Australian Individual Championships.
14.21
SENIOR AUSTRALIAN FOUR-DAY
ENDURO CLASSES
14.21.1 A4DE Solo Classes
CLASS
CAPACITY
Enduro 1
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
150cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Enduro 2
175cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
275cc to 450cc 4-stroke
Enduro 3
290cc to 500cc 2-stroke &
475cc to 650cc 4-stroke
14.21.2 A4DE Veteran Class
14.21.2.1Riders must have turned 35 years before
1st January in the year of competition.
165
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.21.2.2Machines may be of any capacity.
14.21.3 A4DE Masters Class
14.21.3.1Riders must have turned 45 years of
age before the 1st January in the year of
competition.
14.21.3.2Machines may be of any capacity.
14.21.4 A4DE Women’s Class
14.21.4.1
Women may ride machines of any
capacity.
14.21.4.2To constitute a class, the number of
contestants entered and competing will
be 6.
14.21.4.3Should there be insufficient numbers in
this class, each competitor will compete
in the appropriate capacity class.
14.22
ELIGIBILITY: A4DE
14.22.1 A4DE Entries
14.22.1.1The number of entries, both as to
maximum and minimum numbers, will
be as specified in the supplementary
regulations.
14.22.1.2The closing date for entries will be 14
days before the event.
14.22.1.3Priority will be given to teams over
individuals.
14.22.1.4Each team entering for the event may
nominate a manager.
14.22.1.5
Team manager’s names must be
submitted to the Promoter no later than
the end of the preliminary examination.
14.22.1.6The team manager is responsible for
representing the team.
14.22.2 A4DE Jury
14.22.2.1Each State which has entered a Trophy
Team or a Junior Trophy Team may
nominate a representative for the Jury,
subject to GCR 2.4.12
14.23
166
COMPETITION RULES: A4DE
14.23.1 Machine Eligibility
14.23.1.1Only solo machines are eligible for the
A4DE.
14.23.1.2All machines entered in the A4DE must
have:
a) Working commercially available
headlight and tail light, visible to
other road users, either:
i) Permanently wired to illuminate,
or
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ii) Able to be switched on or off
by a single switch mounted
on the handlebar or headlight
assembly.
b) A working brake light, visible to other
road users, operated by the brake
pedal or handlebar brake lever,
c) Other requirements as specified in
the Supplementary Regulations to
comply with road traffic laws of the
host State.
14.23.1.3No motorcycle may enter the A4DE parc
fermé without a fixed stand approved at
machine examination.
14.23.1.4Where a stand breaks during one of the
days of competition, the competitor has
until the end of the next day’s competition
to repair or replace the stand. In the
meantime, the machine will be allowed
into the parc fermé without a stand
under conditions decided by the Clerk of
Course. Failure to repair or replace the
stand within the prescribed time will result
in exclusion for the event.
14.23.2 Change of Machine
14.23.2.1After the closing date for entries:
a) A competitor may apply in writing
to the jury for permission to change
machines,
b) A team may apply in writing to the
jury for permission:
i) For a team member to change
machines or to ride the entered
machine in a class different from
the one for which it was entered,
ii) To substitute one entered team
member for another.
c) Applications must be delivered to
the Clerk of the Course before the
preliminary machine examination,
d) The jury may grant permission
subject to such conditions as it thinks
fit or may refuse permission,
e) No team or competitor may change
the class of an entered machine.
14.23.3Cancellation
14.23.3.1MA may, if it considers that there are
insufficient entries for an A4DE, cancel
the event.
14.23.3.2In the event of a cancellation under this
Rule, entry fees must be refunded.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.23.4 Preliminary Examination: Marking of
Parts
14.23.4.1
At the preliminary examination, the
following parts will be marked with paint or
non-removable sticker with competitor’s
numbers as follows:
a) Main section of the frame on the
right hand side of steering head - 1
b) Hub of each wheel - 2
c) Right side of crankcase - 1
d) Exhaust system - 1
14.23.4.2The markings on wheel hubs, crankcase
and exhaust system must be heat
resistant.
14.23.4.3Other than for the purpose of repairs and
maintenance authorised under these
Rules, no competitor may, during an
event, without authorisation replace or
change, or cause or permit to be replaced
or changed, any part marked at the
preliminary examination.
14.23.4.4The rider will sign an agreement certifying
that the parts have been properly marked.
This declaration must indicate the frame
number.
14.23.4.5The use of an environmental mat, or
other effective device, is obligatory at the
place where assistance and refueling is
authorised by the organiser.
nominated in the Veterans, Masters or
Women’s classes will start with their
respective class.
14.24.1.6Riders not in Trophy Teams may be
seeded. The seeded position of riders
must be approved by the Enduro
Commission.
14.24.1.7At the end of each day the course must:
a) Have a final service area before the
final time check point,
b) Have before the final service area, a
pre-finish time check point,
i) Which is a no service time
check,
ii) After which competitors have 15
minutes to reach the final time
check.
14.24.1.8The starting area must:
a) Contain a parc fermé to which all
access and egress is controlled
and which connects directly to the
working area,
b) Contain a working area from which
there is only one exit to the starting
enclosure and where machine
maintenance may be carried out,
c) Contain a starting enclosure at one
end of which is the starting line and
in which the competitors await the
starting signal,
d) Be secured by fencing or otherwise
regulated as to access so as to
prevent the entry of unauthorised
persons,
e) Be in the charge of officials who are
clearly identified,
f) Have its entrance and exit clearly
marked.
14.24
A4DE COURSE
14.24.1 Requirements of Course
14.24.1.1The course must consist of roads that are
passable in all kinds of weather.
14.24.1.2The total distance to be covered will be no
less than 600km nor more than 1,000km
with no more than 3 laps each day.
14.24.1.3The course must be marked with a
different colour for each day and must
have numbers on the markers indicating
the day the colour is used.
14.24.1.4A draft of the proposed supplementary
regulations for the event, together with
samples of all marking signs to be used
in the event, must be delivered to the
Enduro Commission not less than 4
months before the date of the event.
14.24.1.5The starting order must be established
to allow the Trophy, Junior Trophy and
selected seeded riders to start first.
Those Trophy and Junior Trophy riders
14.24.2 Completion of Course
14.24.2.1Subject to the following sub-Rules, each
competitor must complete all four runs.
14.24.2.2A competitor who is excluded for one day:
a) May re-start on the next following
day, but
b) If excluded for a further one day, may
not re-start.
14.24.2.3For a team to be classified as finishing, at
least one rider must complete the course.
14.24.2.4If the event is stopped prematurely by the
jury it cannot be re-run.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.24.2.5If the event is stopped before the majority
of riders have completed half the total
distance the event will be declared null
and void.
14.24.2.6If the event is stopped at a later stage
the jury will decide whether the event is
void or declare such results and awards
as they consider justified according to the
circumstances.
14.24.3 Tests of Course
14.24.3.1On each of the first 3 days there must
be at least four special tests which must
consist of at least one Enduro test and
one cross test:
a) At the end of the final day there must
be a final test, or
b) There must be a shortened final day
with at least 3 timed tests.
14.25
PUBLICATION OF RESULTS
14.26
A4DE AWARDS
14.25.0.1Subject to the following Rule, the results
of each day of the competition must be
published as soon as possible after the
completion of the day.
14.25.0.2
If it is impracticable to publish in
accordance with the preceding Rule,
the results must be published before the
evening jury meeting and competitors
must be informed not later than the time
for resumption of the next day.
14.26.1 A4DE Awards: The Challenge Trophy
14.26.1.1The Trophy is an Australian Championship
competition for State teams, and other
National invited teams.
14.26.1.2Subject to the following two Rules, each
State Controlling Body may enter one
team comprising 6 competitors whose
licences must have been issued by that
State Controlling Body.
14.26.1.3MNSW may enter, in addition to its own
team, an ACT team which comprises
a team of competitors in which each
competitor:
a) Must hold a licence issued by
MNSW;
b) Must have a licence, which names
an ACT Club.
14.26.1.4A State Controlling Body, which includes
in its team a competitor:
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
a) Who has previously held a licence
issued in Australia; and
b) Who is competing under Chapter 3;
must have been the issuing State
Controlling Body for that previous
Australian licence.
14.26.1.5The 6 motorcycles of each team must
belong to at least 3 different capacity
classes.
14.26.1.6The winning team will be awarded the
Challenge Trophy.
14.26.1.7Each member of the winning team will be
awarded a souvenir trophy.
14.26.1.8The 2nd and 3rd placed teams will receive
special awards.
14.26.1.9The results of the Challenge Trophy will
be established in the following order:
a) The team with the highest number of
riders finishing the event.
b) The team with the lowest number of
points.
14.26.1.10Ties will be resolved in the following
manner:
a) The score of the rider with the
highest number of points will be
deducted from the team’s total
points.
b) If a tie still exists, the scores of the
2 riders with the highest number
of points will be deducted from the
team’s total points.
14.26.1.11
Riders nominated in the Veterans,
Masters and Women’s class are also not
eligible for the Trophy Team.
14.26.2 A4DE Awards: The Junior Trophy
14.26.2.1
The Junior Trophy is an Australian
Championship for State Teams, and other
invited National teams.
14.26.2.2Subject to the following two Rules, each
State Controlling Body may enter one
team comprising four competitors whose
licences must have been issued by that
State Controlling Body.
14.26.2.3MNSW may enter, in addition to its own
team, an ACT team which comprises
a team of competitors in which each
competitor:
a) Must hold a licence issued by
MNSW;
b) Must have a licence, which names
an ACT Club.
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14 ENDURO AND RELIABILITY TRIALS
14.26.2.4A State Controlling Body, which includes
in its team a competitor:
a) Who has previously held a licence
issued in Australia; and
b) Who is competing under Chapter 3.
must have been the issuing State
Controlling Body for that previous
Australian licence.
14.26.2.5Each competitor must be under the age of
23 years as at January 1st in the year of
the event.
14.26.2.6A rider nominated for a Trophy Team
cannot also be a member of a Junior
Trophy Team.
14.26.2.7The four motorcycles in each team must
be at least of two different classes.
14.26.2.8Results will be determined as for the
Trophy Teams.
14.26.2.9Each member of the winning team will be
awarded a souvenir trophy.
14.26.2.10 The 2nd and 3rd placed teams will receive
special awards.
14.26.2.11Riders nominated in the Women’s class
are also not eligible for the Junior Trophy
Team.
trade may enter a team consisting of 3
riders.
14.26.4.2A competitor may not be a member of
more than one Trade Team.
14.26.4.3A competitor in a Club team is ineligible
for this competition.
14.26.4.4Results will be determined as for the
Trophy Teams.
14.26.4.5The 3 best teams will receive special
awards.
14.26.4.6Riders nominated as Veterans, Masters
and Women’s classes are eligible.
14.26.3 A4DE Awards: The Club Team Awards
14.26.3.1The Club Team Awards are a competition
into which each State Controlling Body
may enter one or more teams.
14.26.3.2A Club Team:
a) Must be nominated by a
motorcycling club affiliated to the
State Controlling Body;
b) Must consist of 3 riders each of
whom must have their competition
licence issued through the
nominating club.
14.26.3.3No competitor may be a member of more
than one club team.
14.26.3.4Competitors in the Trophy, Junior Trophy
or Motorcycle Trade team events are
ineligible for this competition.
14.26.3.5Results will be determined as for the
Trophy Teams.
14.26.3.6The first 3 club teams will receive special
awards.
14.26.4 A4DE Awards: The Trade Team Awards
14.26.4.1The Trade Team Awards are a competition
in which any trader within the motorcycle
14.26.5 A4DE Awards: The Individual Riders
Medals
14.26.5.1The Souvenir Gold Medal will be awarded
to all riders whose total number of points
do not exceed 110% of the number of
points achieved by the first rider of that
class.
14.26.5.2The Souvenir Silver Medal will be awarded
to all riders whose total number of points
do not exceed 125% of the number of
points achieved by the first rider of that
class.
14.26.5.3The Souvenir Bronze Medal will be
awarded to all riders who complete the
A4DE within the allotted time.
14.26.5.4The outright individual winner of the
A4DE will be awarded the John Hall
Perpetual Trophy named in honour of
the mastermind and organiser of the
first A4DE in 1978.
Tayla Jones
2016 ISDE Womens Trophy Team
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
15
ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES (ATV)
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 171
SECTION 15A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.1 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN ATV CHAMPIONSHIPS..
15.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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171
171
171
SECTION 15B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 171
15.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 171
15.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 172
170
SECTION 15C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.7 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.8 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.9 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
15.10 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
172
172
172
173
173
173
173
SECTION 15D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
15.12 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.13FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
15.14ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
15.15 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
15.3
SECTION 15A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
15.3.1 Individual Competitions
15.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship.
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the
competition events using ATVs.
15.1
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
SENIOR AUSTRALIAN ATV CHAMPIONSHIPS
SUPERMOTO
Open
MOTOCROSS
Pro
Intermediate
}
Open
Womens
Veterans
DIRT TRACK
Pro
Open
Womens
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
15.3.2 All Competitions
15.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
15.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 8 or more starters for ATV classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races,
c) 6 or more starters for Junior ATV
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races.
SECTION 15B: COMPETITION CLASSES
SPEEDWAY
15.4
Pro
15.4.1
Open
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
Motocross and Club Level Racing
TRACK
CLASS
Pro
Open
Open
Pro
Skill Based
Womens
Intermediate
Skill Based
ENDURO
Clubmen
Skill Based
Up to 930cc
Womens
Womens - Up to 930cc
Production
15.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN ATV CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS/AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
7 to under 11
Limited
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke &
85cc to 110cc 4-stroke
8 to under 12
Comp
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke &
85cc to 125cc 4-stroke
12 to under 16
Comp
Up to 200cc 2-stroke &
250cc 4-stroke
RACING
Veterans
Jumbos
15.4.2Speedway
CLASS
CAPACITY
Pro
450cc 4-stroke &
350cc 2-stroke
Open
Up to 700cc 4-stroke &
Up to 550cc 2-stroke
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15 ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES
15.4.3
Enduro/Cross Country (Desert)
ENDURO/CROSS COUNTRY: DESERT ONLY
Up to 930cc
Women - Up to 930cc
15.4.4
Sand Drag (Off Road)
SAND DRAG CLASSES
Pro
Up to 930cc
Outlaw
15.4.5
Hill Climb
HILL CLIMB CLASSES
Pro
Up to 930cc
15.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS/AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
4 to under 9
Limited (Non-Competitive)
50cc
7 to under 11
Limited
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke &
85cc to 110cc 4-stroke
8 to under 12
Comp
60cc to 90cc 2-stroke &
85cc to 125cc 4-stroke
12 to under 16
Comp
Up to 200cc 2-stroke &
250cc 4-stroke
SECTION 15C: COMPETITION RULES
15.6
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
15.6.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, other than an Australian
Championship, unless and until
that person’s protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that competition.
15.6.0.2 No person may participate in an Australian
Championship unless and until:
a) That person’s protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that meeting, or
b) If stipulated in supplementary
regulations, the person provides
the Scrutineer with a signed
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
checklist that the protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
self-scrutineered.
15.6.0.3At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
15.6.0.4 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
15.6.0.5 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
15.6.1Veterans
15.6.1.1 Riders must have turned 40 years before
the start of the event.
15.7
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
15.7.1 Junior Competition
15.7.1.1 Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
15.7.1.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
15.7.1.3Subject to GCR 15.7.1.1 and GCR
15.5.1.1, no person who:
a) Has attained the age of 16 years, or
b) Is unable to right their machine, or
c) When standing on the machine has
less than 75mm clearance between
the machine seat and the seat of
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
their pants,
may compete in any Junior ATV
competition.
Note: Raised footboards or footrests are
allowed in ‘Limited’ Junior classes.
15.7.1.4 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
15.7.1.5Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
15.7.1.6 In the 4 to under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive class, all riders are entitled to
receive a prize or award of the same size/
value.
15.7.1.7 A Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
15.7.1.8 A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
15.7.2
15.7.2.1
•
•
•
Junior ATV Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
50cc
90cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
200cc 2-stroke/250cc to 300cc 4-stroke
15.8
GENERAL RULES
15.8.1 Helmet Cameras
15.8.1.1 Cameras may be fitted to the
motorcycle provided they are securely
mounted. Camera mounts are subject
to approval by the Chief Scrutineer.
Helmet cameras are not permitted
unless the camera is integrated into the
helmet, by design of the manufacturer.
Helmet cameras may be fitted providing
the mounting to the helmet will allow the
camera to detach if impacted upon and
the attachment method must not impair
the integrity or operation of the helmet.
15.9
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
15.9.0.1 No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any ATV related activity unless wearing the protective clothing
and equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
15.10
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
15.10.0.1Number plates, when required, must:
a) Display figures in contrasting Black
on White colours with a minimum
size of 125mm height and 20mm
width of stroke,
b) Be mounted centrally at the front and
rear of the machine.
15.10.0.2Number plates are not necessary for
racing where helmet colours are worn,
such as in Speedway.
15.10.0.3For all Motocross ATV competitions and
any other event where the supplementary
regulations specify, no competitor may
compete unless wearing the machine
identification number on their back in
contrasting colours and with a minimum
size of 125mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
15.11
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
15.11.1 Flags and Signals
15.11.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
15.11.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Track Flags & Signals.
15.11.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
15.11.2 Measurement at Meetings
15.11.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
15.11.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
15.11.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
15.11.3.1The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
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15 ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period, they
must be sealed or marked before
being returned to the competitor for
that event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals or markings may be
removed,
15.11.3.2Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event,
15.11.3.3No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
174
15.11.4Starts
15.11.4.1Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations, massed starts
must be used.
15.11.4.2The order and position of each competitor
will be at the discretion of the Promoter
and will be determined on the day of the
event.
15.11.4.3 The starting grid for all Motocross and Dirt
Track events will:
a) Have not less than 2 metre space for
each ATV,
b) Be in a straight line,
c) Allow for no more than 20
competitors,
d) Split or staggered starts may be
used for Motocross events under
the approval of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
15.11.4.4The maximum number of starters must
be specified in the supplementary
regulations.
15.11.4.5Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations:
a) All competitors must be called to the
start line at least 2 minutes before
each start,
b) At the end of the 2 minutes, and
when the starter is ready, the starter
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
will hold up a 15 second sign for a
full 15 seconds,
c) At the end of 15 seconds a 5 second
sign will be displayed,
d) The gate will drop between 5 and 10
seconds after the 5 second sign is
shown.
15.11.5Finishes
15.11.5.1The finish line must be:
a) Marked with a flexible post at each
side of the track,
b) Clearly visible to the judge.
15.11.6Scoring
15.11.6.1All races will be scored using the scoring
system below:
PLACE POINTS PLACE
POINTS PLACE POINTS
1
35
11
20
21
10
2
32
12
19
22
9
3
30
13
18
23
8
4
28
14
17
24
7
5
26
15
16
25
6
6
25
16
15
26
5
7
24
17
14
27
4
8
23
18
13
28
3
9
22
19
12
29
2
10
21
20
11
30
1
15.11.6.2An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
15.11.6.3If a tie on points occurs for any position in
an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who has
the higher finishing position in the final leg
of the event will be awarded the position.
15.11.6.4If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
15.11.6.5An entrant suffering a DNF will attract
21st place points (10pts) or last place
points, which ever is lesser. If two
DNF’s occur in one race they will be
awarded sequential 21st and 22nd
place points, and so on, with the first
DNF finishing with the lowest number
of points.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
15.11.7 Pro Class
15.11.7.1Race duration for Championships is 15
minutes plus one lap.
15.11.7.2Riders entering this class cannot enter
any other race class at the same event.
15.11.7.3Event promoters can only offer either Pro
or Open (one class per event).
15.11.8 Open Class
15.11.8.1Race duration for Championship is 12
minutes plus one lap.
15.11.8.2Riders entering this class cannot enter
any other race class at the same event.
15.11.8.3Event promoters can only offer either Pro
or Open (one class per event).
15.11.9Intermediate
15.11.9.1This is a skill-based class for experienced
riders.
15.11.9.2Race duration for Championship is 12
minutes plus one lap.
15.11.9.3Event promoters cannot offer this class if
offering an Open class at the same event.
15.11.10Clubmen
15.11.10.1 This is a skill-based class.
15.11.10.2 Recommended race duration is 4 laps.
15.11.11Womens
15.11.11.1Race duration for Championships is 10
minutes plus one lap.
15.11.12Production
15.11.12.1Machines must remain OEM as available
through Australian dealer network.
Machines must satisfy GCR 15.15.1.1
15.11.12.2 Rider’s choice of:
a) Tyres to same specified dimensions
as OEM fitment,
b) Handle bar grip replacements to
OEM style,
c) Lubricants and fluids,
d) Decals and sign writing,
e) Drive chain and gearing changes
allowed,
f) Recommended race duration is 5
laps.
15.11.13 Veterans Class
15.11.13.1 Race duration for Championships either 4
laps or over 8 minutes in time.
15.11.14 Jumbos Class
15.11.14.1 90cc 2-stroke and 125cc 4-stroke.
15.11.14.2Sub-classes:
a)Jumbo:
i) Frame OEM;
ii) Engine cases OEM or OEMtype (must be direct bolt-on in
replacement, utilising standard
engine mounts).
b)Outlaw:
i) Sub-class not scored,
ii) Change of engine type allowed,
iii) Jumbo class engine capacity
limit only.
15.11.14.3 Sub-classes may run together and may
be scored separately if minimum of 3
riders in each class.
15.11.14.4 Recommended race duration is 3 laps.
15.11.15 Stadium Classes (Arena Cross)
15.11.15.1Open engine capacities as per GCR
15.14.3.1 and 15.14.3.2
15.11.16 Dirt Track and Track Classes
15.11.16.1 Open engine capacity as per GCR
15.14.3.1 and 15.14.3.2
15.11.17 Sand Drag
15.11.17.1 Pro Class and Up to 930cc Class may be
run and scored together. Class structure
to be detailed in the supplementary
regulations.
15.11.17.2 Outlaw (experimental) specifications:
a) Displacement not limited, but
machine must be fitted with a
motorcycle-based engine.
b) Nerf bars must be fitted to cover any
exposed foot pegs. They should be
able to catch the foot from hitting
the ground if it slips forward or back,
and surround the end of the foot peg
to protect the racer from a potential
puncture injury in the event of a roll
over. A closed loop design with no
open ended tubing must be used.
SECTION 15D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
15.12
SOUND EMISSIONS
15.12.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
15.13FUEL
15.13.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel. 175
15 ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES
15.14ENGINES
15.14.1 Reciprocating Engines
15.14.1.1Formulae for Calculation of Capacities
and Classes
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
15.14.2 Superchargers and Turbochargers
15.14.2.1
Superchargers and turbochargers
must not be fitted to any ATV in any
competition.
15.14.3 Engine Capacity and Tolerances
15.14.3.1The maximum engine capacity for a
2-stroke engine ATV shall not exceed
550cc, and be no more than two
cylinders.
15.14.3.2The maximum capacity for a 4-stroke
engine ATV shall not exceed 700cc for:
a) Stadium Classes,
b) Dirt Track,
c)Motocross,
d) Club Level Racing,
and be no more than two cylinders.
15.14.3.3The maximum capacity for a 4-stroke
engine ATV shall not exceed 930cc for:
a) Enduro/Cross Country,
b) Desert Classes,
c) Sand Drags Classes,
and be no more than two cylinders.
15.14.3.4The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class is not
to exceed the prescribed capacity for
that class by more than 5% with the
exception of the 450cc 4-stroke class
and the 350cc 2-stroke class where no
engine displacement increase tolerance
is allowed.
15.14.3.5All ‘Pro’ classes are capacity limited to
450cc 4-stroke or 350cc 2-stroke with no
oversizing tolerance.
15.14.3.6Where in Junior competition, the words
OEM standard or Limited are used,
all ATVs must be OEM machines with
no modifications. OEM type engine
replacement is accepted (or other
176
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
standard parts). Any engine or part
must be a direct bolt-in replacement
with identical engine mounting points
and using standard OEM frame engine
mounts.
15.14.3.7
Where ‘Limited’ is used in Junior
competition, all machines must be built to
have a maximum unrestricted speed of
48 km/h or less. All machines that comply
with SVIA standard, category Y-10+ATV
or Y-12+ATV meet this requirement. All
ATVs must be standard ATVs built and
strictly be in OEM specification as per
GCR 15.14.3.6
15.14.3.8
Where ‘Comp’ is used in Junior
competition, modifications are allowed.
Eligible machines meeting the specified
engine displacements of the class (with
or without modifications) may include,
OEM ‘race ready’ type machines
through to Limited machines modified for
competition use.
15.14.3.9All Junior ATVs up to and including 90cc
2-stroke and 125cc 4-stroke Limited and
Comp classes must retain OEM engine
cases and frames, see GCR 15.14.3.6
for exceptions.
15.14.3.10 Junior 200cc 2-stroke and 250cc 4-stroke
Comp classes may fit a 200cc 2-stroke or
250cc 4-stroke engine from an off-road
motorcycle of the same manufacturer
to a larger capacity chassis ATV. Only
air-cooled Yamaha Raptor 250 and
Honda TRX300 machines may increase
standard engine displacement up to
300cc +5% tolerance.
15.15
FRAMES AND PARTS
15.15.1General
15.15.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM.
The use of light alloys for wheel
spindles is also forbidden unless
OEM. The use of titanium alloy nuts
and bolts is allowed.
15.15.1.1An ATV must have:
a) Four wheels,
b) A wheel at each corner of the
15 ALL TERRAIN VEHICLES
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
machine,
c) The front wheels which are used
for steering and the rear wheels for
driving,
d) A maximum overall width including
the rear tyres of 1300mm. The
ATV must freely push through two
vertical fixed objects (poles) spaced
at 1300mm.
e) A seat for one person,
f) The rider straddling the seat,
g) A frame [Nerf Bar] between the front
and rear wheels which must:
i) Be of closed loop design,
ii) Not extend beyond a point of
the widest dimensions of the
vehicle, measured with a straight
edge touching the outside of the
front and rear tyres,
iii) Be constructed to prevent the
rider’s feet from going below
the bars (material webbing is
acceptable),
iv) Be bolted or welded to the
frame,
v) Be close enough to the front
and rear wheels to prevent
locking together of competitors’
machines,
vi) Have no sharp, protruding tubing
either open ended or capped,
vii) Have heel guards which
are compulsory on all ATV
machines.
h) A self-closing throttle,
i) An engine cut-out switch, of lanyard
type attached to the rider’s body,
j) Effective brakes on all wheels,
k) Handlebars, rubber hand grips,
handlebar levers and number plates,
l) No sharp or protruding extremities,
m) Glass, mirrors and headlights
removed,
n) For MX, Speedway, Flat track, Track
and Motard style racing, a frontmounted bumper bar which must
comply with specifications listed
in GCR 15.15.1.1 g), i), iv), vi) and
clause l).
15.15.1.2Mudguards which:
a) Must be fitted over the rear wheels,
b) May be fitted over the front wheels.
15.2Tyres
15.15.2.1Rear tyres may be prescribed in the
supplementary regulations.
2016 ATV Open Class Champion
Christopher Bosnakis
177
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16SPEEDWAY
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 179
SECTION 16A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. ..
16.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
179
179
179
179
SECTION 16B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 179
16.4 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 179
178
SECTION 16C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.5 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.6 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.7 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.8 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
16.9 RIDER IDENTIFICATION .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
16.10 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY CHAMPIONSHIP .. .. .. .. .. .
16.12 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN TEAM CHAMPIONSHIP.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.13 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: TEST MATCHES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.14 WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP SELECTION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
180
180
180
181
181
181
182
187
190
193
194
SECTION 16D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
16.15 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.16FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
16.17ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.18 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
194
194
194
195
196
SECTION 16E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SOLO CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16.19 ALL CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.20 250cc SOLO INTERMEDIATE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.21 250cc/350cc CLASS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.22 JUNIOR 50cc CLASS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.23 JUNIOR 125cc CLASS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
197
197
199
199
199
200
SECTION 16F: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: SIDECARS AND CLASSIC SPEEDWAY .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.24 SIDECARS: ALL CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.25 SIDECAR: SENIOR .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.26 SIDECAR: JUNIOR.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
16.27 CLASSIC SPEEDWAY.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
201
201
203
203
203
16 SPEEDWAY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the discipline
of Speedway.
SECTION 16A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
16.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY
CHAMPIONSHIPS
SENIOR SPEEDWAY
Solo Individual
Under 21
Sidecar
Pro ATV
Open ATV
16.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY
CHAMPIONSHIPS
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
9 to under 16
Individual
125cc Solo
9 to under 16
Teams
125cc Solo
13 to under 16
Individual
250cc Solo
11 to under 16 Rider
9 to under 16 Passenger
250cc Sidecar
16.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
16.3.1 Individual Competitions
16.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
16.3.2 All Competitions
16.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
16.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded
in Australian Speedway Championships
where there are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races,
b) 16 or more starters for all sidecar
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races.
• Senior & Under 21 Solo
16 starters
• Senior Sidecar
16 starters
• Junior 250cc Solo
13 starters
• Junior Sidecar
9 starters
• Junior 125cc Solo
16 starters
• Junior 125cc Solo Teams
14 starters
16.3.3 Duke of Edinburgh Trophies
16.3.3.1 The Duke of Edinburgh Trophies will be
inscribed each year with the names of the
winners of the highest capacity solo and
sidecar Australian Championship for the
Speedway.
16.3.3.2 The trophies will be held by MA.
SECTION 16B: COMPETITION CLASSES
16.4
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
4 to under 9
50cc Demo Class
(Non-competitive)
7 to under 9
50cc Auto Class
7 to under 9
125cc single cylinder 4-stroke
Solo
9 to under 16
125cc single cylinder 4-stroke
Solo
13 to under 16
250cc Solo
14 to under 16
350cc Solo
11 to under 16
250cc 4-stroke Sidecar Rider
9 to under 16
250cc 4-stroke Sidecar
Passenger
179
16 SPEEDWAY
SECTION 16C: COMPETITION RULES
16.5
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
16.6
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
16.5.0.1 No person may participate in an Australian
Championship unless and until:
a) That person’s protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that meeting, or
d) If stipulated in supplementary
regulations, the person provides
the Scrutineer with a signed
checklist that the protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
self-scrutineered.
16.5.0.2At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
16.5.0.3 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
16.5.0.4 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
16.5.0.5 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
16.6.1 Junior Competitions
16.6.1.1Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
16.6.1.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
16.6.1.3 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
16.6.1.4 Subject to GCR 16.6.1.2 a), a Junior who
is under the age of 9 years may compete
on a 50cc automatic machine despite
being unable to lift the machine unaided
from the horizontal to vertical.
16.6.1.5 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
16.6.1.6 Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
16.6.1.7 In the 4 to under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive class, all riders are entitled to
receive a prize or award of the same size/
value.
16.6.1.8 Subject to the following two GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
16.6.1.9 Age group racing: Only competitors in the
same age groups may compete against
each other.
16.6.1.10A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
16.6.2 Junior Speedway Endorsements
16.6.2.1Junior endorsements, from an MA
licenced coach, will be issued for:
• 50cc
• 125cc 4-stroke
• 250cc 4-stroke
• 350cc 4-stroke
• Speedway
• Sidecar Rider 250cc 4-stroke
• Sidecar Passenger 250cc 4-stroke
16 SPEEDWAY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.7
GENERAL RULES
16.7.1Homologation
16.7.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
16.7.2 Helmet Cameras
16.7.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting
to the helmet will allow the camera
to detach if impacted upon and the
attachment method must not impair the
integrity or operation of the helmet.
16.8
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
16.8.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Speedway competition
unless wearing the protective equipment
and clothing as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
16.9
16.9.1
RIDER IDENTIFICATION
Helmet Colours
a) Speedway competitors must wear
helmet colours as prescribed in the
program for the competition, selected
from the following table and subject
to the following sub-Rules:
RACE
Scratch
4 Riders
Scratch
6 Riders
Handicap
RED
BLUE
WHITE
YELLOW
b) At all race meetings, competitors
must wear racing numbers allocated
by the Relevant Controlling Body as
follows:
i) A number worn on a competitor’s
back which must:
• Measure 230mm x 230mm,
• For solo riders, be black, with a
white background,
• For sidecar riders, be black with
a yellow background,
• Have a maximum background
area of 300mm2.
ii) A number worn on a competitor’s
front must:
• Measure at least 100mm x
80mm,
• For solo riders, be black, with a
white background,
• For sidecar riders, be black with
a yellow background,
• Be worn on the left breast.
e) Not have advertising on
clothing within 25mm of number
backgrounds.
16.9.1.1 The helmet colour of each competitor
must be clearly visible to the Referee, the
Judge and the Timekeeper throughout
each event.
16.9.1.2 A competitor who has a helmet of the
specified colour for an event may wear
the helmet in that event without a helmet
cover.
YELLOW GREEN
& BLACK
ORANGE BLACK
BLACK &
WHITE





X
X
X
X







X
X









NOTE: In table 16.9.1  means available, X means unavailable.
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181
16 SPEEDWAY
16.10
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
16.10.0.1Competitions may be individual events or
team events.
16.10.1 Flags and Signals
16.10.1.1The minimum dimension of flags must be
600mm x 600mm.
16.10.1.2All control lights:
a) Must be visible to all competitors,
b) May only be operated by the Referee
or the Referee’s nominee.
16.10.1.3In addition to, or in substitution for the
flags and lights applicable to other
disciplines the following signals apply:
a) Start - Green or National flag,
b) Race stoppage - Red flag,
c) Last lap - Yellow flag with black
diagonal cross 50mm wide,
d) Exclusion- Black flag, light or disc,
indicating competitor’s number or
helmet colour.
16.10.2 Change of Machines
16.10.2.1
Competitors must use the machine
presented at scrutineering. The machines
that go through machine examination
must match frame and engine numbers
used by the rider in said meeting.
16.10.2.2Subject to the supplementary regulations,
a competitor may compete on a
machine other than that described in the
competitor’s entry application but,
a) Must inform a key official of any
change, and
b) May not, in any heat or Final, use a
machine on which another rider has
qualified for the same heat or Final.
16.10.3 Identification of Machines
16.10.3.1All machines must have the competitor’s
name displayed on the rear mudguard,
seat or valance, in letters with a minimum
height of 25mm.
16.10.3.2All sidecars must have the competitor’s
race number on the side wing of the
machine. The number must be a
minimum 150mm high with a contrasting
background.
16.10.4 Log Books
16.10.4.1
Each competitor must possess a
prescribed log book which must:
a) Be produced by the competitor at
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Scrutineering,
b) Be available for production at any
other time during the meeting,
c) Contain provision for the following
entries:
i) The meeting date and place,
ii) The Scrutineer’s report as to any
defects or faults in the machine,
iii) Any penalties imposed by the
Referee.
16.10.4.2A competitor must correct any machine
defects noted in the log book before being
permitted to compete on that machine
again.
16.10.4 Measurement at Meetings
16.10.4.1A Referee of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
16.10.4.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
16.10.5Measurements: All Australian and
State Championship Events
16.10.5.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
16.10.5.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
16.10.5.3The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
16.10.5.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event.
16.10.5.5No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
16.10.6Competitors
16.10.6.1A competitor who has entered for a
meeting may practice on a machine on
the track before the commencement of
the meeting where the competitor has:
a) Not ridden on the track previously,
b) Had an accident, which has
damaged the machine so as to
require major repairs to the frame.
16.10.6.2The Referee must require all:
a) Newly licenced competitors, both
Junior and Senior, moving to Senior
500cc competition, to be endorsed
by a licenced MA coach; or
b) Competitors whose abilities are not
known to the Referee, to submit to
such test as the Referee considers
proves that the competitor is able to
perform safely in competition.
16.10.7 Radio Communication
16.10.7.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
16.10.8Juniors
16.10.8.1Where a Junior track is situated on
the infield of a Senior track, a Junior
Speedway event may be conducted in
conjunction with a Senior meeting.
16.10.8.2Demonstrations, Coaching and Practice:
a) A Junior licence holder who has
turned 15 years of age and in the
opinion of an MA accredited coach
is capable of handling a 500cc solo
Speedway machine may give a
demonstration during a break in the
16 SPEEDWAY
Senior program. Only one rider in
this category is allowed on the track
at a time,
b) A Junior licence holder who has
turned 12 years of age and 9 months
will be allowed to be coached/
practice on a 250cc solo Speedway
machine. Only one rider in this
category is allowed on the track at a
time,
c) A Junior licence holder who has
turned 13 years of age and 9 months
will be allowed to be coached/
practice on a 350cc solo Speedway
machine. Only one rider in this
category is allowed on the track at a
time.
16.10.8.3Junior Sidecar competitors on Junior
Sidecar machines are allowed to compete
on Senior tracks to a maximum length of
450 metres. Rider and passenger must be
aged 14 to 16 years of age. Riders must
be assessed by an accredited coach prior
to competition.
16.10.9 Late Arrival
16.10.9.1The Referee may refuse permission to
compete to a competitor who arrives at the
venue for a meeting later than the arrival
time prescribed in the supplementary
regulations.
16.10.10 Sidecar Passenger
16.10.10.1In the event that the nominated sidecar
passenger is unable to continue during the
meeting, they may be replaced providing
the new passenger signs the relevant
indemnity forms and is authorised by
the Clerk of Course and Referee prior to
taking part.
16.10.11Starts
16.10.11.1Competitors must be ready for the start
when called upon to do so by the relevant
official.
a) The Referee will sound a 2 minute
warning signal and illuminate the
amber flashing light (if available) in
the pit area,
b) At the order of the Clerk of Course,
competitors must leave the pit area
together and proceed by the shortest
practical route to the starting tapes
183
16 SPEEDWAY
and there stop under the control of
the starting Marshal,
c) Any competitor not ready to start at
the expiration of 2 minutes after the
signal may be excluded from the
race,
d) A competitor so excluded may be
replaced by a reserve,
e) Unless otherwise directed by the
Referee, the time between the finish
of one race and the start of the next
will not exceed 5 minutes,
f) In non-Championship events, if a
rider is excluded for the 2 minute
rule, or a tape touching offence, they
may start the re-run from 15 metres
back, and move to gate position 4.
All other riders will move to the inside
positions. In the event of 2 riders
having been excluded, they will both
move 15 metres back and start from
positions 3 and 4,
g) For riders not ready to start at the
expiration of the 2 minutes (after
warning signal has been sounded),
riders have 30 seconds to move to
the 15 metre line for the race start.
h) For touching the tape, the Referee
will decide the time allowed for the
race re-start.
16.10.11.2Competitors who are members of the
same team or pair may exchange their
starting positions.
16.10.11.3 Standing starts, controlled by the Referee,
are to be used.
16.10.11.4 For other than handicap starts:
a) Competitors must form up in the
prescribed order behind the tapes,
b) Once all competitors are correctly
positioned and stationary, a green
light or flag is shown,
c) The starting Marshal then leaves the
area of the tapes,
d) After a pause of not less than 2
seconds, the Referee then releases
the gate to start the race,
e) The first competitor whose machine
touches one or more of the tapes
during the pause before the gate is
raised will be excluded and the event
will be re-started; except in the case
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
of non-Championship events where
the Referee may allow the rider to
start the re-run from gate 4, and 15
metres back.
16.10.11.5 For handicap starts in Speedway:
a) Competitors must form up at their
handicap marks on indication by red
light or red flag,
b) Once all competitors are correctly
positioned and stationary, the
red light is extinguished or flag
withdrawn to indicate that a start is
imminent,
c) After a pause, the Referee then
shows a green light or flag to start
the race,
d) The first competitor whose machine
crosses the applicable starting line
in the pause before the green light
or flag is shown will be excluded and
the event will be re-started; except
in the case of non-Championship
events where the Referee may allow
the rider to start the re-run from gate
4, and 15 metres back,
e) A machine is deemed to have
crossed the starting line when its
rear wheel axle passes over the line.
16.10.11.6 A race may be re-started if, in the opinion
of the Referee:
a) Any aspect of the start is unfair or
incorrect,
b) The actions of any competitor have
given that competitor an unfair
advantage over another.
16.10.11.7A competitor may not receive outside
assistance after the showing of the green
light or flag, or, in handicap events, the
red light or flag.
16.10.11.8
A competitor excluded under the
preceding Rule in:
a) Individual contests; may be replaced
by a reserve,
b) Teams contests; may be replaced by
a track reserve,
c) Test and teams matches; may be
replaced by a team reserve,
And must leave the track without delay to
return to the pit.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.10.12 Leaving the Course
16.10.12.1A rider whose machine crosses the inner
edge of the track with 2 wheels must be
excluded unless, in the opinion of the
Referee, the action was taken in the
interest of safety of other riders or the rider
was forced off course by another rider.
16.10.12.2When tracks do not have an outer fence
and are marked by other means, a
competitor will be excluded if one wheel
crosses the outer marker.
16.10.12.3A rider who returns to the track and
continues to race when not entitled to
shall be excluded.
16.10.13Retirements
16.10.13.1A competitor who, in the opinion of the
Referee:
a) Has not completed the race distance
within 3 minutes of the start,
b) Has not started the last lap before the
winner has crossed the finish line;
will be deemed to have retired from the
race.
16.10.13.2If the chequered flag has not been
shown after the race distance has been
completed by the leading competitor,
it will be deemed to have been shown
and that competitor will be declared the
winner.
16.10.14 Stopping Events
16.10.14.1Where an incident causes an event to
be stopped, the Referee may declare
the event complete if at least 75% of the
event distance or time, whichever is the
less, has been run.
16.10.14.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident,
could not continue in the event.
16.10.15Reserves
16.10.15.1The Referee may direct a reserve to
replace a competitor who has failed to
start in an event.
16.10.15.2Reserves will be used in rotation.
16.10.15.3A reserve is not entitled to any points
towards any subsequent race but must
16 SPEEDWAY
be paid any prize monies to which the
reserve would have been entitled if the
reserve had been an original competitor.
16.10.15.4A reserve who replaces an excluded
competitor in pairs or team races may
use:
a) The reserve’s original start position,
b) The competitor’s original start
position.
16.10.16Re-Runs
16.10.16.1When a chequered flag is displayed
before the race distance has been
completed by the leading competitor, the
Referee must order a re-run.
16.10.16.2In a re-run:
a) Competitors must start from their
original starting positions, and
b) Reserves must occupy the position
of the replaced competitors.
16.10.16.3Any competitor who has failed to start in
or been excluded from any race may not
compete in the re-run.
16.10.16.4Any competitor who has retired from
any race may not compete in the re-run
unless, in the opinion of the Referee, the
competitor retired in the interests of safety
or after being fouled.
16.10.17Scoring
16.10.17.1 In every heat, unless otherwise prescribed
by the supplementary regulations:
a) The winner receives 3 points,
b) The 2nd receives 2 points,
c) The 3rd receives one point,
d) The 4th receives zero points,
e) Zero for last place is better than
M,R,F,T,E and N where:
O = For last place,
M = Excluded for 2 minute rule,
R = Retired from the race,
F = Fall but not excluded,
T = Excluded for false start,
E = Excluded,
N = No start.
16.10.17.2In individual events, ties will be resolved
by a run-off between the tied competitors.
16.10.17.3Alternatively, in individual events ties may
be resolved as follows:
a) Precedence will be given to the riders
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(tied on points) having the most
1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th placings (a ‘O’
for last place is better than being
disqualified);
b) If the tie still persists and involves only
2 riders, precedence will be given to
the better placed rider in the heat or
heats where the 2 riders met;
c) If the tie still persists and involves
more than 2 riders, it shall be
checked whether there is a
possibility to determine a proper
precedence (e.g. 3 riders tied on
points: A, B, C: rider A has beaten
rider B, rider A has beaten rider
C, rider B has beaten rider C.
Precedence will be best position
for rider A, then rider B and rider C
respectively);
d) If solutions a), b), and c) cannot
resolve the tie, then a run-off will
take place.
16.10.17.4In team events, ties will be resolved by
a run-off with one competitor from each
team.
16.10.17.5All competitors taking part in a run-off
in the event of tied scores must be paid
prize money for the run-off.
16.10.18 Dead Heats
16.10.18.1In the event of a dead heat between
2 or more competitors, the combined
points will be shared between the tied
competitors.
16.10.19 Pit Control
16.10.19.1No persons may be or remain in the pits
during a meeting other than:
a) Competitors,
b) Competitors’ mechanics,
c) Police, fire or medical staff,
d) Officials,
e) Others authorised by the Clerk of
Course.
16.10.19.2The pits will be under the control of the
Clerk of Course who will be assisted by a
Pit Marshal:
a) The Pit Marshal may report to the
Clerk of Course any person who
breaches any rule or disobeys any
instruction given by the Clerk of
Course or Pit Marshal,
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b) The Pit Marshal may report to the
Clerk of Course any person as
to that person’s mode of dress or
behaviour,
c) The Clerk of Course may eject
any person who, in their opinion
is behaving in an unsafe or
unsatisfactory manner.
16.10.19.3Mechanics must not enter the racing area
unless authorised to do so by the Clerk of
Course for the purposes of:
a) Push starting the competitor’s
machine,
b) Attending to the accident damaged
machine of the relevant competitor.
16.10.19.4A mechanic may not attend any riders’
briefing without the permission of the
Referee.
16.10.19.5It is recommended that mechanics be
dressed in pit uniform for a specific rider,
team, factory team, or dress in clean
overalls. A promoter may specify pit attire.
16.10.20Payments
16.10.20.1Prize monies and travelling expenses
must be prescribed in the supplementary
regulations.
16.10.20.2All travelling monies must be paid in cash
unless the competitor otherwise agrees.
16.10.20.3A competitor will be deemed to have
qualified for starting money if, after
receiving the starting signal, the
competitor moves forward under power
from the starting position.
16.10.20.4
In races other than handicaps, a
competitor who defeats a competitor of a
higher grade is entitled to prize monies at
the level of the defeated rider.
16.10.21Referee
16.10.21.1In Speedway, the functions and authority
of Steward and Clerk of Course, as
described in Chapter 2 will be exercised.
16.10.21.2The Clerk of Course shall be responsible
to the Referee:
a) For the conduct of the meeting and its
administration in accordance with
these regulations and the official
program,
b) To put into effect all instructions
given by the Referee received
verbally or in writing, directly or by
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
any other means,
c) Ensure that all the necessary
officials, riders and spectators
are informed without delay of the
Referee’s decision,
d) To prevent any person from
communicating directly with the
Referee, including communicating
by telephone, during the meeting
without the Referee’s permission,
e) Must ensure that protests are in
order and accompanied by the
appropriate fees before passing
them to the Referee,
f) The Clerk of Course may fine or
reprimand a competitor, mechanic
or official in the pit area. The Clerk
of Course must notify the Referee of
any penalties handed out during the
meeting.
16.11
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN SPEEDWAY
CHAMPIONSHIP
16.11.1 Applications to Conduct
16.11.1.1Applications for the conduct of Australian
Championships must be received by MA
by February 1st in the preceding year.
16.11.1.2The permit fees for Australian Speedway
Championship events be set and released
by November 30th of the previous year.
16.11.2 Dates for Conduct
16.11.2.1Unless otherwise determined by the
Speedway
Commission
(hereafter
referred to as the ‘Commission’), the
Australian 500cc Solo Championships
must be run in January or February of
each year and the Australian Sidecar
Championships to be run on a date at the
discretion of Promoter and Commission.
16.11.3 Selection Committee
16.11.3.1The selection Committee will be the
Commission which must:
a) Forward the competitor and reserve
selections to MA,
b) Allow MA will notify the competitors
and the Promoter of the selections.
16.11.4 Selection and Qualification
16.11.4.1To qualify for selection for an Australian
Championship event, a competitor must
16 SPEEDWAY
apply in writing no less than 30 days prior
to the event, and:
a) Be the current Australian Champion,
or a Top 4 rider in the previous
Australian Championships, or a
current GP rider, or
b) Be the best performing competitor
in the State Championship of the
State which issued the competitors’
licence, held a minimum of 30 days
prior to the Australian Championship.
c) Competitors who are not
Australian residents may nominate
to compete in the Australian
Speedway Championship, and will
be considered by the Speedway
Commission for inclusion.
16.11.4.2
Any State unable to conduct a
Championship of 12 entries or more
prior to the close of entries in the
supplementary regulations for an
Australian Championship may nominate
one competitor for the Speedway
Commission’s approval to represent that
State. The nominated competitor may be
the competitor selected in the Australian
Championship. If the State Championship
is held between the close of entries in
the supplementary regulations and the
relevant Australian Championship the
State title holder may not be eligible for
selection.
16.11.4.3The team for a State will be selected by
that State’s Speedway sub-Committee.
16.11.4.4The selected competitors must notify
the Promoter of their acceptance of the
conditions and the anticipated time of
arrival at the track concerned.
16.11.5 Alternate Qualification
16.11.5.1A Promoter may run qualifying and, if so:
a) The Promoter must obtain the
permission of MA,
b) The Australian Champion
automatically qualifies for the
Australian Championship meeting,
c) Current State Champions are
automatically seeded into qualifying
meeting in the event they are
overlooked for a direct transfer into
the Championship,
d) After nominations have closed the
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16 SPEEDWAY
Promoter and the Commission will
decide on a race format (to be put to
the Board for its consideration),
e) If more competitors have nominated
for the meeting than positions are
available, the Commission may
select to compete those competitors
it considers appropriate based on
merit.
16.11.6Practice
16.11.6.1Practice must be conducted for all
Australian Championships.
16.11.6.2Practice times and format must be
stipulated in the supplementary
regulations for each Championship.
16.11.7 Examination Before an Event
16.11.7.1Before an event, the Promoter must set a
time and place, giving reasonable notice
to every competitor, for:
a) Identification and examination of
licences,
b) Examination of motorcycles,
c) Sound testing,
d) Checking of helmets and protective
clothing, and
e) Such other examinations as are
necessary.
16.11.7.2The Referee may forbid:
a) Any competitor who does not comply
with the Rules mentioned above, or
b) Any competitor who can be a danger
to other participants or to spectators,
from participating in any practice or event
at the meeting.
16.11.8 Carburettor Examination
16.11.8.1
All solo machine carburettors must
be checked and measured before the
meeting.
16.11.8.2During the meeting carburettors may be
measured.
16.11.9 Twenty Two Race Format
16.11.9.1There will be 20 heats and an A & B Final.
16.11.9.2The 3 competitors who accumulate the
most points during the course of the heats
will compete in the A Final.
16.11.9.3There will be a B Final made up of the
riders who finish 4th to 7th. The winner of
the B Final will go to the A Final.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.11.9.4Starting positions will be offered to the
riders in descending order of points
accumulated in the heats. In the case of
riders for the Final being tied on points,
gate choice will be determined by count
back, where 0 is better than M,R,F,T,E
and N where:
M = Excluded for 2 minute rule,
R = Retired from the race,
F = Fall but not excluded,
T = Excluded for false start,
E = Excluded,
N = No start.
16.11.9.5In case of riders being tied on points for
the A & B Final, all Final places will be
determined by count back.
Thinking about Rule changes?
If you believe a rule should be changed or
a new rule added, you can have your say
by working through your Club to propose
amendments and/or additions.
Proposals for changes can be sent to your
SCB or direct to MA. The details are at the
front of this book.
The most successful applications are when
the proposer includes the new wording for an
existing rule, where a new rule should sit in
the structure of this book, and must include a
rationale on why the rule should be changed
or added.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.11.9.6There must be 16 competitors with the heat format according to the following table:
HEAT NUMBER
HELMET COLOUR
Red (Inside)
Blue
White
Yellow/Black (Outside)
4
Competitors Starting Numbers
1
1
2
3
2
5
7
6
8
3
10
11
9
12
4
15
14
16
13
5
13
1
5
9
6
14
10
2
6
7
11
15
7
3
8
4
8
12
16
9
6
16
1
11
10
12
5
15
2
11
8
9
3
14
12
13
4
10
7
Interval
13
7
12
14
1
14
2
13
8
11
15
16
3
10
5
16
9
6
4
15
17
1
8
15
10
18
9
2
7
16
19
3
12
13
6
20
5
14
11
4
16.11.10 Twelve Race Format
16.11.10.1 As an alternative to the preceding GCR there may be a 12 race format of 3 laps, with 18 competitors
plus reserves, according to the following table:
HEAT NUMBER
Red
(Inside)
HELMET COLOUR
Blue
White
Yellow/Black
Green
White/Black
(Outside)
5
6
Competitors Starting Numbers
1
1
2
3
4
2
7
8
9
10
11
12
3
13
14
15
16
17
18
4
3
17
1
15
8
10
13
5
16
12
5
2
9
6
4
6
11
18
14
7
7
18
15
7
12
2
1
8
5
10
17
11
16
4
9
14
9
13
6
3
8
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16.11.10.2The Twelve Race format must be used
where the track is over 450 metres in
length and is licenced for 6 competitors.
16.11.10.3In races 10 and 11, the highest 12 point
scorers in heats 1 to 9 must participate as
follows:
a) Race 10: Competitors finishing in
1st, 4th, 5th, 8th, 9th & 12th places,
b) Race 11: Competitors finishing
in 2nd, 3rd, 6th, 7th, 10th & 11th
places,
c) Final: The highest 6 point scorers.
16.11.10.4Any vacancies for races 10 and 11 must
be filled from those competitors who were
placed 13th or lower after heats 1 to 9 in
descending order of point scores.
16.11.10.5 Any vacancies for the Final must be filled
from those competitors who were placed
7th or lower after races 10 and 11 in
descending order of point scores.
16.11.10.6Starting positions for races 10 and 11
must be balloted in the presence of the
Referee or Clerk of Course.
16.11.10.7Starting positions for the Final will be
offered to the 6 competitors in descending
order of points accumulated in the heats.
In the case of competitors for the Final
being tied on points, gate choice will be
determined by countback.
16.11.10.8In the case of competitors being tied on
points at the conclusion of heats:
a) Finalists will be determined by runoff,
b) Other places will be determined by
countback.
16.11.10.9 The finishing order of each competitor in
the Final will determine Championship
placings. After completion of the series
if any of the 4 point scorers are tied the
respective positions shall be decided by a
run-off.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.11.11 Thirteen Rider Format
HEAT NUMBER
HELMET COLOUR
R
B
W
Y
1
1
2
4
10
2
2
3
5
11
3
3
4
6
12
4
4
5
7
13
5
5
6
8
1
6
6
7
9
2
7
7
8
10
3
8
8
9
11
4
9
9
10
12
5
10
0
11
13
6
11
11
12
1
7
12
12
13
2
8
13
13
1
3
9
16.11.12 Prize Money
16.11.12.1Prize money for reserve riders will be
determined by the Promoter and the
selection committee and the amount
will be included in the supplementary
regulations.
16.11.12.2Prize money will be included in the
supplementary regulations.
16.12
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN TEAM
CHAMPIONSHIP
16.12.1Qualifying
16.12.1.1Teams Championships will consist of
qualifying rounds run in each State and
one Final.
16.12.1.27 teams will take part in each meeting.
16.12.1.3One team from each State will qualify.
Should a State not have qualified
competitors, or decide not to nominate
a team, the extra team required will
be selected by the Commission based
on performance during any qualifying
rounds.
16.12.1.4The Commission must send the names
of the 7 qualifying teams to the Promoter
of the event as well as the Relevant
Controlling Body.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.12.1.5For Championship qualifying rounds the State Controlling Body holding qualifying must, within 48
hours after the meeting, send the results to MA and to the State Controlling Body organising the
Final.
16.12.2 Twenty-One Heat Format: Teams
HEAT
NUMBER
HELMET COLOURS
Red (Inside)
White
Blue
Yellow/Black (Outside)
4
Competitors Starting Numbers
1
1
3
2
2
5
7
6
8
3
9
11
10
12
4
13
1
14
2
5
3
5
4
6
6
7
9
8
10
7
13
11
14
12
8
1
5
2
6
9
7
3
8
4
10
9
13
10
14
11
11
1
12
2
12
3
9
4
10
13
5
11
6
12
14
13
7
14
8
15
1
9
2
10
16
11
3
12
4
17
5
13
6
14
18
7
1
8
2
19
3
13
4
14
Interval
20
9
5
10
6
21
11
7
12
8
16.12.2.1This format allows members of the same team to change positions at the starting gate.
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16.12.3 Heat Format: Teams
16.12.3.1There must be 14 heats with 3 teams per heat according to the following table:
HEAT
HELMET COLOURS
Red
Blue
White
Yellow
Green
Black &White
Competitors Starting Numbers
1
1
10
7
2
9
8
2
3
6
1
4
5
2
3
9
14
3
10
13
4
4
5
12
9
6
11
10
5
13
8
5
14
7
6
6
7
4
11
8
3
12
7
11
2
13
12
1
14
Interval
8
10
1
2
7
8
9
9
6
3
4
1
2
5
10
14
9
10
3
4
13
11
12
5
6
9
10
11
12
8
13
14
5
6
7
13
4
7
8
11
12
3
14
2
11
12
13
14
1
16.12.3.2The above format must be used where the track is over 400 metres in length and is licenced for
more than 4 competitors.
16.12.3.3Heats must be as follows:
a) There must be 7 teams with each team having 6 heats and each team meeting all other
teams twice,
b) Between each heat there must be either another event or a 4 minute break,
c) Competitors cannot change gate position in this format.
16.12.4Ties
16.12.4.1A tie for 1st, 2nd or 3rd places will be resolved by one heat with one rider from each tied team taking
part.
16.12.5Finals
16.12.5.1If one or both competitors of a team who qualify for the Final cannot participate they may be replaced
by competitors nominated by the selection committee.
16.12.5.2If a qualified team is not present, its place in the Final will be taken by the team which has scored
the next highest number of points in the previous meeting.
16.12.5.3Inability to take part in the Final must be notified to the Relevant Controlling Body as soon as
possible.
16.12.5.4When competitors of the same team finish 1st, and 2nd or 2nd and 3rd in a heat, the competitor
finishing 2nd or 3rd respectively will be awarded a bonus point, entitling that competitor to
remuneration, but the point will not be counted towards the heat or in the Finals.
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16.13
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: TEST MATCHES
16.13.1 Definition
16.13.1.1A test match is an International event between 2 or more countries appointed by their respective
FMNs.
16.13.2Format
16.13.2.1There must be 18 heats in a format according to the following table:
HEAT NUMBER
HOME TEAM
Red
Blue
White
Yellow & Black
1
1
2
1
2
2
3
4
3
4
3
5
6
5
6
4
3
4
1
2
5
5
6
3
4
6
1
2
5
6
7
5
6
1
2
8
1
2
3
4
9
3
4
5
6
Interval
10
1
2
1
2
11
3
4
3
4
12
5
6
5
6
13
3
4
1
2
14
5
6
3
4
15
1
2
5
6
16
5
6
1
2
17
1
2
3
4
18
3
4
5
6
Competitor Numbers 7 & 8 or Number 7 of each team are the reserves.
16.13.3 Bonus Points
16.13.3.1Bonus points are allotted for prize money
only with an additional bonus point for
a competitor who finishes 2nd or 3rd
immediately behind their team mate.
16.13.4 Starting Positions
16.13.4.1The captains of each team will toss for
starting positions in the first heat, the
choice being positions 1 and 3 or positions
2 and 4, counting from the inside of the
track.
16.13.4.2The team that selects positions 1 and 3 in
the first heat must take positions 2 and 4
in the second heat, and so on alternately
throughout the meeting.
16.13.4.3The relative positions of the 2 competitors
of each team in each heat may be
changed.
16.13.5Reserves
16.13.5.1A competitor who has been unable to
commence or complete an event due
to an accident, and who has not been
excluded, may be replaced by a reserve.
The event will be deemed to be a new
event with the reserve as a competitor.
16.13.5.2A reserve may not ride in more than 6
events.
16.13.5.3Only one reserve may participate in each
event.
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16.14
WORLD CHAMPIONSHIP
SELECTION
16.14.1 Open Solo
16.14.1.1
The placings from the Australian
Speedway Championships will dictate the
following:
a) The highest placed Australian rider
who has not already achieved World
Championship qualification for the
following year will be qualifier 1,
b) The next highest will be qualifier 2,
c) The riders who will occupy the 3rd
and any additional positions (where
applicable) will be chosen by the MA
Speedway Commission,
d) Should a rider who qualifies choose
to forfeit his or her right to participate
in the subsequent rounds, again
the Commission will choose the
replacement riders/s.
16.14.2 Under 21 Solo and Sidecar
16.14.2.1
The placings from the Australian
Speedway Championship will dictate the
following:
a) The highest placed Australian rider
will be qualifier 1,
b) The next highest will be qualifier 2,
c) The riders who will occupy the 3rd
and any additional positions (where
applicable) will be chosen by the MA
Speedway Commission,
d) Should a rider who qualifies
choose to forfeit his or her right to
participate in the subsequent rounds
the Commission will choose the
replacement rider/s.
16.14.3 World Cup
16.14.3.1To be eligible for selection in the World
Cup Teams, both Senior & Junior, riders
must participate in the Australian Senior
Solo or the Under 21 Championships
for that year. In addition Team selection
will be based on current form, previous
achievements, suitability to the venue and
willingness to represent Australia.
Note: Australian GP riders are exempt
from this requirement.
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16.14.4 FIM Gold Trophy Selection: Under 16
Solo.
16.14.4.1
The placings from the Australian
Championship will dictate the following:
a) The highest placed Australian rider
will be qualifier 1,
b) The next highest will be qualifier 2,
c) The riders who will occupy the 3rd
and any additional positions (where
applicable) will be chosen by the MA
Speedway Commission,
d) Should a rider who qualifies
choose to forfeit his or her right to
participate in the subsequent event
the Commission will choose the
replacement rider/s.
16.14.5 Inability to Compete (Applies to Open,
Under 21 and Gold Trophy Events)
16.14.5.1Riders who are unable to compete
in the National Championship due to
exceptional circumstances, but have
previously shown strong support for
Australian Speedway may be considered
for selection. This avenue is only open
where the rider in question has informed
MA in writing prior to the event, stating the
reasons for non-participation.
16.14.6 Australian Speedway Manager
16.14.6.1The Australian Speedway Team Manager
is to be selected by the MA Speedway
Commission in consultation with the MA
Board. The appointment will be reviewed
annually and advertised in Australia and
the United Kingdom.
SECTION 16D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
16.15
SOUND EMISSIONS
16.15.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
16.16FUEL
16.16.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.17ENGINES
16.17.1 Reciprocating Engines
16.17.1.1Formulae for calculation of capacities and
classes
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
16.17.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
16.17.2.1Unless otherwise specified in the following
table, the actual engine capacity of a
machine competing in a capacity class
may not exceed the prescribed capacity
for that class by more than 2%:
CLASS
PERMITTED EXCESS
Sidecar - Senior 1045cc
Nil
Sidecar - Junior 250cc
+1mm of Bore Diameter
Solo - Senior 500c
Nil
Solo - Junior 50cc
Nil
Solo - Junior & Senior
250cc/350cc
Nil
Solo - Junior 125cc
+1mm of Bore Diameter
Record Attempts
Nil
16.17.3 250/350/500cc Solo Engines
16.17.3.1Engine capacity must not exceed 250cc,
350cc, or 500cc.
16.17.3.2Engines must be:
a) Single cylinder,
b)4-stroke,
c) Four valves maximum,
d) Fitted with one carburettor of 34mm
+/- 0.1mm diameter, and
e) One spark plug.
Figure 16.17.3.4
Carburettor dimensions
16 SPEEDWAY
16.17.3.3Two-valve engines may use a carburettor
of 36mm +/- 0.1mm diameter.
16.17.3.4The carburettor measurements must:
a) Remain constant over a distance of
no less than 25mm on the engine
side and 5mm on the air intake side,
b) Be taken from the edges of the
throttle valve or throttle butterfly.
16.17.3.5The fuel output section of the carburettor
must be of circular shape.
16.17.3.6Direct injection must comply with the
above carburettor sizes.
16.17.3.7Supercharging and turbocharging are not
permitted.
16.17.4 Sidecar Engines
16.17.4.1An event may be restricted to machines of
a capacity of no more than 500cc, which
will be known as a 500cc class event.
16.17.4.2For a machine competing in a 500cc class
event, the engine must comply as follows:
a) Where electronic fuel injection is
installed it must be of a standard
production type,
b) The engine may not be turbocharged
or supercharged.
16.17.4.3For a machine competing in any event
other than a 500cc class event, the
engine must comply as follows:
a) The engine capacity must not
exceed 1045cc,
b) Supercharged and turbocharged
engines must not exceed 500cc,
c) On liquid cooled engines an overflow
pipe must be used to direct any
overflow of coolant away from the
rider and passenger,
d) Titanium may be used if fitted as
OEM.
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16.18 FRAMES AND PARTS
16.18.1General
16.18.1.1Titanium: The use of Titanium is not
permitted in the construction of the
frame, the front forks, the handlebars,
the swingarms or the wheel axles of any
machine.
1.18.1.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles
is also forbidden unless OEM. The
use of titanium alloy nuts and bolts is
allowed.
16.18.1.2Handlebars must:
a) Be fitted to the unsprung part of the
front suspension,
b) Be securely plugged so as to present
a flush or rounded end,
c) Have a width of not more than
900mm nor less than 700mm, and
d) Have handlebar grips attached to
the ends with a maximum length of
150mm.
16.18.1.3Clutch levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of 19mm,
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
16.18.1.4
Throttle controls and mechanical
carburettor linkages must:
a) Be self-closing,
b) Be enclosed so as to prevent
jamming.
16.18.1.5There must be a kill switch which must:
a) Cut out the ignition,
b) Operate on the primary circuit,
c) Be fitted with a lanyard which must:
i) Have a total extended length not
exceeding 500mm,
ii) Be attached around the rider’s
right wrist when the machine is
in motion,
iii) Not be secured to the handlebar
unless by a readily torn material.
16.18.1.6Stops or other devices must be fitted to
ensure a minimum clearance of 30mm
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
between the handlebars and any other
part of the machine when on full lock.
16.18.1.7Steering must be:
a)Direct,
b) Through the front wheel,
c) By a classic telescopic fork, leading
link, earles, or girder type.
16.18.1.8Light alloys may not be used for wheel
axles.
16.18.1.9The front wheel must be fitted with a
knockout spindle or an approved clamp to
fasten on the fork tips.
16.18.1.10Brakes may not be fitted.
16.18.1.11For any cast or welded wheel, the gaps
between the spokes must be filled in.
16.18.1.12Machines need not carry number plates.
Figure 16.18.1.13
Dirt Deflector
16.18.1.13FIM homolgated dirt deflectors must be
fitted to all solo Speedway machines with
the exceptions of 125cc Junior machines,
and 500cc upright engined machines
when used in Classic Speedway events.
Figure 16.18.1.14
Chain Guard
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.18.1.14Primary chain guard protection must be
provided by:
a) Fully enclosing the chain with a steel
guard, or
b) If a plastic, fibreglass or part open
chain guard is used, a steel bolt
of not less than 10mm minimum
diameter, placed outside the bottom
rear quadrant of the clutch sprocket.
This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
16.18.1.15Mechanical carburettor linkages must be:
a) Enclosed by a suitable material, or
b) Fully enclosed by a box.
16.18.2Streamlining
16.18.2.1All streamlining fitted to motorcycles or
sidecars must be free of any sharp edges
on exposed extremities.
16.18.2.2For fibreglass construction, edges must
be rounded to their own thickness but
need not be wired.
16.18.3 Fuel Tanks
16.18.3.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
SECTION 16E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
SOLO CLASSES
16.19
ALL CLASSES
16.19.1General
16.19.1.1Rear chain guards must:
a) Be fitted to the back end of the rear
assembly of machines,
b) Provide protection where the rear
chain enters onto the rear wheel
sprocket,
c) Ensure rear wheel adjusters are
totally enclosed with a rounded
or closed end so that no thread is
exposed.
16.19.1.2The minimum weight, without fuel, is 77kg
16.19.1.3Rear suspension is prohibited.
16.19.1.4A single gear only is permitted.
16.19.2 Exhaust Systems
16.19.2.1Exhaust systems must not extend beyond
the outer circumference of the rear wheel
rim and tyre.
16.19.2.2The gap between the silencers and the
tyre must not exceed 60mm.
16.19.2.3Exhaust gases must be discharged from
the system horizontally and parallel to the
centre line of the machine.
16.19.2.4Only FIM homologated exhausts with
heat shield fitted to be used.
16.19.2.5The exhaust pipe must be fixed to the
cylinder head and frame with a minimum
of 3 clips, one of which must be attached
to the cylinder head.
16.19.2.6The silencer must be attached to the
frame with at least one clip. A second
moveable coupling must be fitted from the
first third of the silencer to the frame with
steel cable of at least 3mm or strong steel
spring.
16.19.2.7The diameter of the exhaust pipe must not
exceed 50mm or an equivalent area and
must remain constant up to the silencer.
16.19.2.8The outlet area of the silencer must
remain constant over a length of 50mm,
must not exceed 45mm, or an equivalent
area, and must not be perforated.
16.19.2.9The outside shell of the silencer must
form one unit. The end of the pipe must
be cut at right angles.
16.19.2.10Where turbo or similar types of approved
silencers are fitted:
a) The silencer must be mounted in a
position to discharge the exhaust
fumes at a minimum deflection
of 15° from the centre line of the
machine and a maximum of 30° to
the ground,
b) The silencer must not be altered in
shape or modified in any way, other
than a welded transition section to
allow clamping to the exhaust pipe,
c) The maximum internal outlet
diameter must be 47mm and must
remain as manufactured.
Figure 16.19.2
250/350/500cc Solo Exhaust
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Figure 16.19
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Solo Speedway machine: Side and Top view
16.19.3Footrests
16.19.3.1Footrests:
a) Must be on the right hand side of
the machine and must not exceed
320mm in length measured from the
centre line of the motorcycle,
b) Must have metal protection at the
end of at least 8mm radius,
c) May be folding and, if so, must
be fitted with a device which
automatically returns them to the
normal position.
198
16.19.4Tyres
16.19.4.1Rear tyre requirements are as follows:
a) Subsequent modification of tyres is
not permitted,
b) The overall width must not exceed
100mm,
c) The tyre must be mounted and
inflated to 14psi at Scrutineering,
d) The tread depth must not exceed
8mm measured at right angles to the
face of the tread,
e) All blocks in the same circumference
must be of the same depth,
f) The space between the blocks must
not exceed 9.5mm across the tyre or
13mm in a circumferential direction,
g) The space between the blocks must
not exceed 22mm. The space across
C in the relevant diagram must not
extend completely across the tyre
measured at right angles to the wall
of the tyre, unless broken by a block.
16.19.4.2The front tyre may be of any size or type
but limited to an overall width of 80mm.
16.19.4.3Tyres may not be treated by chemicals,
tyre warmers or other means which tend to
alter the shape, minimum shore hardness,
construction or other characteristics.
16.19.5Mudguards
16.19.5.1Machines must be fitted with a front
mudguard that extend at least 5° ahead
of a vertical line running through the
centre of the front wheel axle and at least
5° under the top edge of the mud-shield
protecting the front of the engine.
16.19.5.2The rear mudguard must extend at least
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
5° behind a vertical line running through
the centre of the rear axle. Distance
between rear mudguard and top of rear
tyre must be no more than 35mm plus
5mm tolerance. If a push bar is used, it
should be made in one piece, of strong
material which should not break under
impact and must not protrude any higher
than 35mm above the rear mudguard.
Figure 16.19.4
16.20
Solo Tyre
250CC SOLO INTERMEDIATE
16.20.0.1This class is for State level competition
only.
16.20.0.2
Promoters intending to conduct
competition for 250cc Intermediate class
must:
a) Obtain approval from the Speedway
Commission, in addition to obtaining
approval from the State Controlling
Body,
b) Provide the Commission with a
report on the merits of the class. The
report should include statements
from riders and officials and
engineering personnel.
16.20.1Engine
16.20.1.14-stroke single cylinder engine up to
250cc.
16.20.1.2If the engine is fitted with a gearbox, the
gearshift lever must be removed and the
machine must remain in one gear during
racing.
16.21 250CC/350CC CLASS
16.21.1Eligibility
16.21.1.1
Junior and Senior riders must be
assessed by an MA accredited coach
prior to competition.
16.21.1.2Riders competing on these machines
must be:
a) A minimum age of:
i) 13 to under 16 years for 250cc,
ii) 14 to under 16 years for 350cc.
16.21.1.3Junior riders can practice or demonstrate
on a 250cc machine from the age of 12
years and 9 months.
16.12.1.4Junior riders can practice on a 350cc
machine from the age of 13 years and 9
months.
16.12.1.5Senior riders can ride 250cc or 350cc
machines.
16.21.1.6No Juniors are permitted on track with
Seniors.
16.21.1.7350cc machines are not eligible to enter
the Australian Speedway Championship.
16.21.1.8For Junior 250cc machines only, refer to
the relevant MA Track specifications for
track length.
16.21.2 Machine Requirements
16.21.2.1Engines:
a) Must be 250cc and 350cc,
b) Carburettor size 34mm +/- 0.1mm,
c) After market parts may be used,
however parts must be the same
size as factory fitted parts,
d) Use of Titanium is not permitted.
16.22
JUNIOR 50CC CLASS
16.22.1Engine
16.22.1.1The use of Titanium in Junior Speedway
engines is prohibited.
16.22.2.2Eligible machines are any production solo
motorcycles utilising 50cc 2 or 4-stroke
engines. All machines must be OEM.
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must not have more
than one gear for 2-stroke machines
and three gears for 4-stroke
machines,
c) The clutch must not be of other than
OEM and other than of a centrifugal
type,
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16 SPEEDWAY
d) Rear wheel must not be other than
10” (254mm),
e) Front wheel must not be other than
10” (254mm) or 12” (304mm),
f) A lanyard kill switch must be fitted,
g) Working brakes must be retained.
16.22.2 Permitted Modifications
16.22.2.1Parts equivalent to OEM may be fitted.
16.22.2.2The following may be altered.
a)Seat,
b)Colour,
c)Mudguards,
d)Handlebars,
e)Grips,
f)Levers,
g)Cables,
h)Chains,
i) External gearing,
j) Tyre brand and pattern,
k) Foot pegs and foot peg position.
16.22.2.3Rear shock absorber may be removed
and replaced with a solid replacement.
16.22.2.4Throttle limiting devices may be removed.
16.22.2.5Restrictor washers in the header pipe
abutting cylinder barrel may be removed.
16.23
JUNIOR 125CC CLASS
16.23.1Engine
16.23.1.1The use of Titanium in Junior Speedway
engines is prohibited.
16.23.2.2If the engine is fitted with a gearbox, the
gearshift lever must be removed and the
machine must remain in one gear while
racing.
16.23.2.3The engine capacity must not exceed
125cc with a +1mm tolerance of the bore
diameter.
16.23.2.4A single cylinder 4-stroke engine, fitted
with one carburettor, of a mass produced
type must be used.
16.23.2.5The cylinder head must be as follows:
a) Two-, three- or four-valve cylinder
heads can be fitted, but three- and
four-valve heads must retain
manufacturers’ specifications,
b) The action of the valves must be
controlled by valve springs,
c) The cylinder head may be ported
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
and, if damaged in use, bearing
journals may be bored and bearings
replaced with either roller or bronze
bearings,
d) For two-valve heads, maximum valve
size must be:
i) Exhaust - 25mm, and
ii) Inlet - 30mm.
16.23.2.6Carburettors no bigger than 24mm can be
fitted.
16.23.2.7Inlet manifold must be round for entire
length.
16.23.2.8Compression ratio must not exceed 9.7:1
16.23.2.9Any type of ignition system may be used.
16.23.2.10Later model parts, or parts of different
manufacture, may be installed.
16.23.2.11The “Shupa” brand Junior Speedway
machine is approved for competition in
the Junior 125cc Solo class when the
machine is fitted with the two or threevalve head.
16.23.2 Frames and Parts
16.23.2.1Wheelbase must not exceed 1375mm.
16.23.2.2Rear rim diameter must not exceed 17”
(432mm).
16.23.2.3Rear tyres must:
a) Have Trial or Speedway pattern
tread tyres,
b) Not exceed 90mm x 432mm
(3.5” x 17”),
c) Not be modified.
16.23.2.4Front rim diameter must not exceed
482mm (19”).
16.23.2.5 Front tyres must:
a) Have Trial pattern or Speedway
tread,
b) Have a diameter not exceeding 19”
(482mm),
c) Not be modified.
16.23.2.6Exhaust mounts:
a) The exhaust must have at least three
mounts to the motorcycle,
b) The silencer must be attached to the
frame with at least one clip. A second
moveable coupling must be fitted
from the first third of the silencer o
the frame with a steel cable of at
least 3mm or a strong steel spring.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 16F: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
SIDECARS AND CLASSIC
SPEEDWAY
16.24
SIDECARS: ALL CLASSES
16.24.1 Frames and Parts
16.24.1.1Overall height must not exceed 1200mm.
16.24.1.2The tubing used in the construction of the
main frame of a sidecar motorcycle must
have a minimum wall thickness of 1.5mm.
16.24.1.3The sidecar must be on the left of the
motorcycle and, if not an integral part
of the chassis, must be fixed to the
motorcycle in at least four places.
16.24.1.4The sidecar wheel must be staggered
inwards. If the sidecar wheel is mounted
by a plate on both sides, the diameter of
the axle must exceed 12mm.
16.24.1.5Where the sidecar wheel is mounted
with a bracket on one side only, the axle
diameter must be a least 20mm.
16.24.1.6
The sidecar frame must have a
continuous bar along the exterior of the
sidecar wheel.
16.24.1.7Fuel tanks must be of a material approved
by the Australian Standards Association
for fuel containers.
16.24.1.8Drive must only be transmitted through
the rear wheel of the motorcycle.
16.24.1.9
Promoters may require additional
specifications for the protection of
spectators.
16.24.1.10All exterior barwork and tubework ends
must be plugged or capped so as to
present a flush or convex end.
16.24.2Streamlining
16.24.2.1The streamlining:
a) Must not be in front of a vertical line
drawn through the leading edge of
the front tyre,
b) Must not to the rear of a vertical line
drawn through the exterior edge of
the rear rim,
c) May come into contact with the
ground with the rear wheel raised
300mm from the ground.
16.24.2.2Aero panels, side panels and similar
attachments may be used provided they
are:
a) Constructed of metal, fibreglass or
16 SPEEDWAY
polycarbonate material,
b) Free of sharp or protruding edges,
c) Not dangerous to the rider or other
competitors.
16.24.2.3Horizontal wings and aerodynamic friction
assisting devices are prohibited.
16.24.2.4In all handlebar positions, there must
be a space of at least 30mm between
the streamlining and the ends of the
handlebars, including any attachments.
16.24.3 Handholds & Footrests
16.24.3.1A suitable handhold must be provided
for the passenger on the offside of the
machine and near the front.
16.24.3.2Footrests must be on the right hand side
to the direction of travel and linked by a
continuous bar.
16.24.3.3.Any space between the sidecar body and
the rear or sidecar wheel of the motorcycle
greater than 76mm must be decked so as
to prevent the passenger’s hands or feet
entering between the chassis bars.
16.24.3.4Any open area between the footrests, the
continuous bar and the right hand side to
the direction of travel must be filled in with
a suitable material so as to stop a rider or
passenger from trapping their feet.
16.24.4 Wheels, Rims & Tyres
16.24.4.1Tyres:
a) Knobby tyres may not be used,
b) Speedway or Universal Trial block
pattern tyres only to be used,
c) Tyres may be cut or grooved.
16.24.4.2The sidecar wheel must be either spoked,
moulded type mag, or other approved
wheel. Riveted type mag wheels are not
permitted.
16.24.4.3The area inside a spoked wheel must
be covered by a disc or shield so as to
prevent a rider’s or passenger’s feet
or hands coming into contact with the
spoked area.
16.24.4.4The sidecar wheel must be covered by a
non-rotating shield which must:
a) Be constructed of sheet metal,
fibreglass or similar material and be
flat or nearly so,
b) Be securely fitted to the sidecar,
c) Incorporate a 25mm (20mm for
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Junior Sidecars) horizontal crash
bar surrounding the outer side of the
sidecar wheel at floor level,
d) Cover at least the outward facing
spoked area, and,
e) If trials tyres are fitted, cover the tyre
area as well.
Min 150%
of A
A
Mudguard and
rear flap shall be a
minimum of 150%
of rear tyre width
Rear flap
20 mm
Rear Guard &
Flap Assembly details
[rear view]
Fully valanced rear mudguard filled in to level of
support strut
ii) Is attached to the rear
mudguard,
iii) Ends no more than 20 mm
above ground level,
iv) Is attached to three sides of the
mudguard and projects forward
by a minimum of 75 mm on each
side,
v) Is a consistent width from top to
bottom,
vi) And/or be fitted with an FIM
homologated dirt deflector.
16.24.5.3Rear mudguards may be incorporated
into the passenger’s seat moulding.
16.24.6 Exhaust Systems
16.24.6.1
Exhaust fumes must be discharged
towards the rear of the machine. Exhaust
fumes must not be discharged so as to
raise dust, foul the tyres or inconvenience
the passenger or any other rider or
passenger.
16.24.6.2The exhaust must be attached to the
machine at a minimum of three locations,
two on the frame, (one to the rear), in
addition to the one on the cylinder head.
Support
strut
Rear mudguard
170 mm from track
170 mm
20mm
Rear Guard & Flap Assembly details [side view]
Figure 16.24.5 Rear guard and flap assembly
details
16.24.5Mudguards
16.24.5.1The fitting of a front mudguard is not
compulsory.
16.24.5.2Rear mudguards must be:
a) Valanced on both sides down to axle
level, to a maximum of 170mm from
ground level,
b) Fitted with a one piece flexible mud
flap without any slots, which:
i) Is a minimum thickness of 6mm
and be of a reinforced belting
type rubber,
202
Figure 16.24.1 Speedway sidecar dimensions
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
16.25
SIDECAR: SENIOR
16.25.1General
16.25.1.1
The overall width must not exceed
1500mm.
16.25.1.2Overall length from the leading edge of
the front tyre to the outside of the rear
mudguard must not exceed 2600mm.
16.25.1.3The wheel base taken at axle height from
the centre of the front axle to the centre
of the rear axle, must measure between
1280mm and 1800mm.
16.25.1.4The wheel track, taken between the
tracks left by the centre lines of the rear
motorcycle wheel and the sidecar wheel,
must measure between 500mm and
1100mm.
16.25.1.5The centre lines of the tracks made by the
front and rear wheels of the motorcycle
when the machine is proceeding directly
forward must be no further apart than
75mm.
16.25.1.6The width of the kneeling pad on the
offside of the machine must not exceed
400mm.
16.25.1.7
Stub axles must have a minimum
diameter at the base plate of 40mm.
16.25.1.8Solo two ply and four ply 75mm (3”) tyres
may not be used on rear rims exceeding
127mm (5”) in width.
16.25.1.9The rear wheels minimum 450mm (18”)
maximum 475mm (19”) diameter, rim
width maximum 125mm (5”).
16.26
SIDECAR: JUNIOR
16.26.1General
16.26.1.1
The overall width must not exceed
1250mm.
16.26.1.2Overall length from the leading edge of
the front tyre to the outside edge of the
rear mudguard must not exceed 2100mm.
16.26.1.3The wheelbase, taken at axle height from
the centre of the front axle to the centre
of the rear axle, must measure between
1500mm and 1200mm.
16.26.1.4The wheel track, taken between the
tracks left by the centre lines of the rear
motorcycle wheel and the sidecar wheel,
must measure between 800mm and
600mm.
16.26.1.5The width of the kneeling pad on the off
side of the motorcycle must not exceed
300mm.
16.26.1.6
Stub axles must have a minimum
diameter at the base plate of 25mm.
16.26.1.7Front and rear rim diameter for the
motorcycle must not exceed 19” (482mm).
16.26.1.8Rear rim width for the motorcycle must
not exceed 102m.
16.26.2Engine
16.26.2.1Engine capacity must not exceed 250cc,
and must be 4-stroke only.
16.26.2.2Machines must be fitted with an
unmodified 4-stroke production engine
and may be fitted with an operating
gearbox.
16.27
CLASSIC SPEEDWAY
16.27.1 Eligibility: Classic Solo
16.27.1.1Engines must have been manufactured
before 31st December 1976.
16.27.1.2Competitors must be aged at least 30
years at the date of the competition.
16.27.2 Solo Frames
16.27.2.1The frame must:
a) Have a front wheel diameter of 23”
(594mm),
b) Have a rear wheel diameter of 19”
(482mm),
c) Have rear tyres with a maximum
tread pattern depth of 8mm,
d) Not be fitted leading-link front forks.
16.27.3 Solo Engines
16.27.3.1The engine must:
a) Be single cylinder,
b) Be two-valve with push rod
operation,
c) Have a single spark plug,
d) Have a maximum capacity of 500cc
+/ 2% tolerance,
e) Be vertical in the chassis,
f) Be fitted with a round slide
carburettor of 38mm maximum bore,
g) Not be fitted with a centre port cross
flow cylinder head.
16.27.4 Eligibility: Classic and Post Classic
Sidecars
16.27.4.1For the Classic Class : British, European &
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American Sidecar and Classic Japanese
Sidecar Class riders must be aged 30
years or over at the date of competition.
16.27.4.2Sidecar passengers must be 16 years or
over at the date of competition.
16.27.4.3Machines and all parts used in their
construction are to be commercially
available in their selected era only.
16.27.4.4All machines must comply with GCR
16.18.1.5 (kill switch).
16.27.4.5Maximum standard engine capacity of
1020cc and no reconditioning tolerance is
allowed.
16.27.4.6Only machines of the type raced in
Australian Speedway competition for the
selected era will be eligible.
16.27.5 Classic Class: British, European &
American Sidecars
16.27.5.1This class will cover machines using
original factory motorcycle frames and
standard forks, i.e. one made by a
recognised motorcycle manufacturer.
16.27.5.2Motors will be 4-stroke two valves per
cylinder, air cooled and a maximum of
two cylinders, manufactured prior to
December 31st 1974.
16.27.6 Classic Class: Japanese Sidecars
16.27.6.1This class will cover machines with factory
motorcycle frames.
16.27.6.2Motors will be Japanese 2-stroke and
4-stroke SOHC multi cylinder engines with
a maximum of two valves per cylinder.
16.27.6.3Engines must be manufactured prior to
December 31st 1974.
16.27.7 Post Classic Sidecars
16.27.7.1This class will cover machines using
original factory frames.
16.27.7.2Motors will be 2-stroke and 4-stroke two
valve DOHC multi cylinder air cooled
engines.
16.27.8 Evolution Class Sidecars
16.27.8.1This class will cover machines using
period style and purpose built frames.
16.27.8.2 Motors will be maximum two valve
DOHC multi-cylinder air cooled engines
manufactured prior to 31st December
1985.
16.27.8.3Bodywork and fairings to be a type and
material relevant to the period.
Darrin Treloar and Blake Cox
2016 Oceania Cup Champions
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17
DIRT TRACK
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 206
SECTION 17A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. ..
17.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
206
206
206
206
SECTION 17B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 207
17.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 207
17.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 207
SECTION 17C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 17.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.7 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.8 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.9 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
17.10 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.12 AUSTRALIAN SENIOR AND JUNIOR DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONSHIP FORMAT.. .. .. .. ..
208
208
208
209
209
209
210
213
SECTION 17D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
17.13 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.14FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
17.15ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.16 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.17 SENIOR SOLO CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.18SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
17.19 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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214
214
216
216
217
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APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the discipline
of Dirt Track.
SECTION 17A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
17.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN DIRT TRACK
CHAMPIONSHIPS
AGE RANGE
CLASS/CAPACITY
7 to under 9
50cc Auto Division 2
7 to under 9,
9 to under 13
65cc
9 to under 11,
11 to under 13,
13 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard Wheel
11 to under 13,
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Big Wheel
11 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard & Big Wheel, Girls
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN DIRT TRACK
CHAMPIONSHIPS
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Slider Only
85cc 4-stroke Modified
CLASS
CAPACITY
7 to under 10,
10 to under 14
Under 19
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
**Pro 250
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc
to 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Pro 450
250cc 2-stroke & 450cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke, Girls
250 Slider
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
**Pro Open
Unlimited (MX & Slider)
MX Open
500cc 2-stroke &
Over 460cc 4-stroke
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke,
Slider Only
13 to under 16
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
500cc Slider
Up to 500cc
Pro Open
Women
Unlimited
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
ATV Pro
Up to 350cc 2-stroke &
450cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
ATV Women
(Open)
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
17.0.0.1The Australian Senior Dirt Track
Championship shall, where possible, be
conducted on the June long weekend.
17.0.0.2The Australian Junior Dirt Track
Championship shall where possible be
conducted in a school holiday period.
17.0.0.3 Both the Australian Senior and Junior Dirt
Track Championships will be conducted
as single meetings at venues selected by
the Dirt Track and Track Commission.
17.1
17.1.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for
the Slider classes, these machines may
be combined with the events marked
with asterisks in the table above. All
machines must have effective front and
rear brakes where MX and Slider classes
are combined.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.2.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries
for a Slider class, these classes may
be combined with classes marked with
asterisks in table above. All machines
must have effective front and rear
brakes where MX and Slider classes are
combined.
Note: This is applicable only to riders 13
to under 16 years and at the discretion of
the Relevant Controlling Body.
17.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
17.3.1 Individual Competitions
17.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.3.2 All Competitions
17.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must
be awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
17.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded
in all Australian Championships where
there are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for sidecar
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races,
c) 6 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate
in practice, qualifying or races.
17.3.3 Duke of Edinburgh Trophies
17.3.3.1 The Duke of Edinburgh Trophies will be
inscribed each year with the names of
the winners of the Australian Dirt Track
Championships for the following:
a) Pro 450 Solo, and
b) Up to 1100cc Sidecar.
17.3.3.2 The trophies will be held by MA.
SECTION 17B: COMPETITION CLASSES
17.4
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS
CAPACITY
Under 19
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro 250
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Pro 450
250cc 2-stroke & 450cc 4-stroke
250 Slider
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro Open
Unlimited (MX & Slider)
MX Open
500cc 2-stroke &
Over 460cc 4-stroke
500cc Slider
Up to 500cc
Pro Open Women
Unlimited
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
ATV Pro
Up to 350cc 2-stroke &
450cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
ATV Women
(Open)
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
17.4.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for
the 250cc Slider classes, these machines
may be combined with the events marked
with asterisks in the table above. All
machines must have effective front and
rear brakes where MX and Slider classes
are combined.
17.4.0.2 Riders are eligible to enter one class
above capacity of the machine entered
(Senior riders only).
17.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
AGE RANGE
CLASS/CAPACITY
4 to under 9
50cc Demo Division 1
(Non-competitive)
7 to under 9
50cc Auto Division 2
7 to under 9,
9 to under 13
65cc
9 to under 11,
11 to under 13,
13 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard Wheel
11 to under 13,
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Big Wheel
11 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard & Big Wheel, Girls
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Slider Only
7 to under 10,
10 to under 14
85cc 4-stroke Modified
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke, Girls
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke,
Slider Only
13 to under 16
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
17.5.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for
the Slider classes, these machines may
be combined with events marked with
asterisks in the table above. All machines
must have effective front and rear
brakes where MX and Slider classes are
combined.
Note: This is applicable only to riders 13
to under 16 years and at the discretion of
the Relevant Controlling Body.
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SECTION 17C: COMPETITION RULES
17.6
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
17.7
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
17.6.0.1No person may participate in any
competition unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined
and approved by the scrutineer for that
competition.
17.6.0.2At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
17.6.0.3 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
17.6.0.4 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
17.6.0.5 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
17.7.1 Junior Competitions
17.7.1.1 No person who is under the age of 16
years may compete in other than a Junior
competition.
17.7.1.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
and including the age of 16 years.
17.7.1.3 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
17.7.1.4 Subject to GCR 17.7.1.2 a), a Junior who
is under the age of 9 years may compete
on a 50cc automatic machine despite
being unable to lift the machine unaided
from the horizontal to vertical.
17.7.1.5 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
17.7.1.6Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
17.7.1.7 In the 4 to under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive Demo class, all riders are
entitled to receive a prize or award of the
same size/value.
17.7.1.8 Subject to the following two GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
17.7.1.9 Age group racing:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), only
competitors in the same age groups
may compete against each other,
b) Competitors from different age
groups in the following classes may
compete with each other if there are
insufficient entries for each class:
i) 85cc 2-stroke Big Wheels &
100cc to 150cc 4-stroke single
cylinder,
ii) 100cc to 150cc single cylinder &
250cc 4-stroke.
17.7.1.10A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
17.7.1.11
Non-Motocross type 80cc to 160cc
4-stroke machines (excluding 80cc
4-stroke Modified for Dirt Track and Track)
are approved for competition under the
following conditions:
a) Exhaust systems may be modified or
changed,
b) External gearing and carburettor
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
jetting may also be altered,
c) No other modifications are allowed.
17.7.1.12Motocross-type 150cc 4-stroke machines
may compete against Motocrosstype 85cc 2-stroke machines in Junior
competition.
17.7.2 Junior Dirt Track Endorsements
17.7.2.1 Junior Endorsements will be issued for
the following:
• 50cc
• 65cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
• 85cc 2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
• 100cc 2-stroke
• 250cc 4-stroke
17.8
GENERAL RULES
17.8.1Homologation
17.8.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details see MA website.
17.8.2 Helmet Cameras
17.8.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting to
the helmet will allow the camera to detach
if impacted upon and the attachment
method must not impair the integrity or
operation of the helmet.
17.9
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
17.9.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Dirt Track competition
unless wearing the protective equipment
and clothing as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Helmets.
17.10
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
17.10.1 Number Plates
17.10.1.1For all competitions three number plates
must be fitted: one at the front and one on
each side.
17 DIRT TRACK
17.10.1.2Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
b) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
c) In the case of bolt on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
d) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
17.10.1.3Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm wide border.
17.10.1.4Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest.
17.10.1.5Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
17.10.1.6Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
number plate background and the rider’s
name by either a gap or a contrasting
colour strip, unless the advertising is an
integral part of the back plate cover.
17.10.2 Number Plates: Juniors
17.10.2.1Number plates for Juniors must be as
follows:
a) A minimum plate size of 225mm
width and 200mm height,
b) Figures with minimum sizes of
100mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
17.10.2.2For 50cc automatic:
a) A minimum plate size of 200mm
wide and 150mm high,
b) The figures on the plates must be
100mm high and 20mm wide,
c) The front plate must be fitted so that
it does not extend above the height
of the handlebars or grips.
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17.10.3 Number Plate Colours
17.10.3.1Colours must be as follows:
CAPACITY
OR CLASS
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Up to 150cc
Black
White
151cc to 250cc
Dark Green
White
251cc to 450cc
Mid Blue
White
Over 450cc
White
Black
500cc Slider
White
Black
1100cc
Sidecar
White
Black
17.10.3.2Colours for Junior age group racing:
AGE GROUP
(YEARS)
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Under 9
Mid Blue
White
9 to under 12
Canary Yellow
Black
12 to under 14
Mail Box Red
White
14 to under 16
Black
Yellow
17.10.3.3Additional colour combinations may be
used, at the discretion of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
17.10.5 Back Numbers: Seniors and Juniors
17.10.5.1No Senior or Junior may compete in any
competition unless wearing the machine
identification number on their back with
a minimum size of 125mm height and
20mm width of stroke. Figures must be
black on a white background.
17.11
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
17.11.1 Flags and Signals
17.11.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
17.11.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Tracks Flags & Signals.
17.11.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
17.11.2 Measurement at Meetings
17.11.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
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engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
17.11.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
17.11.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
17.11.3.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
17.11.3.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
17.11.3.3 The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
17.11.3.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event.
17.11.3.5No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days, whichever
occurs first.
17.11.4Entries
17.11.4.1No machine may be entered more than
once in a class.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.11.4.2Any machine that is entered in more than
one class must display the allocated
riding number for that class on all three
number plates when being used in each
class.
17.11.5 Practice and Qualifying
17.11.5.1Practice and qualifying shall be as
prescribed in supplementary regulations.
17.11.5.2Venues for Australian Senior and Junior
Dirt Track Championship will be closed to
competitors for a minimum of 8 days prior
to the event.
17.11.6Starts
17.11.6.1The method of starting will be prescribed
in supplementary regulations.
17.11.6.2Starting positions will be prescribed in
supplementary regulations.
17.11.6.3Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations all competitors
must be called to the start line at least 2
minutes before each start.
17.11.6.4All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
ii) The pit lane,
iii) The rear of the field, or
iv) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
17.11.6.5 The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
b) For flying starts, when the starting
line is crossed.
17.11.6.6Competitors may use up to 2 starting
blocks (one per side) which will not
interfere with the competitor, or any
other competitor, or their machines up
to a maximum of 100mm high and must
be able to start in the event unaided
while sitting on the machine.
17 DIRT TRACK
17.11.7Finishes
17.11.7.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance, and
• Is still competing in the event on
the lap in which the chequered
flag is displayed to the winner,
with the sequence of completion
of the event being the
determinant of placings.
b) The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 17.11.7.1 a),
c) The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
d) Where there are two competitors
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
e) In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
17.11.8 Juniors: Starts and Finishes
17.11.8.1
In addition to the general start
requirements for all competitors, Juniors
must comply as follows:
a) When assembled for the start of
an event, and during the event, no
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17 DIRT TRACK
competitor may receive outside
assistance other than at the direction
of the Steward, the Clerk of Course
or the Starter,
b) Pit board signals will not be used in
Junior competition. Riders/pit crew
who fail to obey this instruction are
liable to exclusion for the duration of
the competition,
c) When the number of competitors
exceeds one full grid:
i) Elimination heats and semi finals must be held,
ii) The Relevant Controlling Body
may direct that events be
decided by a Final or Finals,
consisting of a number of
rounds.
17.11.9 Stopping Events
17.11.9.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
17.11.9.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident
and could not continue in the event.
17.11.10 Stopping and Re-running Events
217.11.10.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
may declare the event void and order a
re-run.
17.11.10.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
17.11.10.3 A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
17.11.10.4 In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety, may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from,
v) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
17.11.10.5If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown before
the interruption, a partial classification
will be established at the end of the
penultimate lap of the race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
17 DIRT TRACK
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.11.11Scoring
17.11.11.1 All races will be scored using the scoring
system below:
PLACE
POINTS
PLACE
POINTS
1
25
11
10
2
22
12
9
3
20
13
8
4
18
14
7
5
16
15
6
6
15
16
5
7
14
17
4
8
13
18
3
9
12
19
2
10
11
20
1
17.11.11.2 An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series event.
17.11.11.3If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
17.11.11.4 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
17.11.12
Change of Machine during a
Competition
17.11.12.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
17.11.13 Radio Communication
17.11.13.1Radio communication with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
17.12
AUSTRALIAN SENIOR AND JUNIOR
DIRT TRACK CHAMPIONSHIP
FORMAT
17.12.1 Solo Format: More than 12 Entries per
Class
17.12.1.1The Championship comprises:
a) Three qualifying heats of 3 laps,
b) One repechage of 4 laps,
c) One Final of 4 laps,
17.12.1.2The number of laps stated in GCR
17.12.1.1 may be increased by one lap if
the track length is less than 500 metres. In
which case the total number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
17.12.1.3Heats and Final:
a) The number of heat positions must
not exceed 12,
b) The right to compete in the Final will
be filled by:
i) The 10 competitors
accumulating the highest
number of points during the
course of heats,
ii) The first two placings of the
repechage.
17.12.1.4Competitors who finish in 11th to 22nd
place inclusive during the course of the
heats will contest the repechage.
17.12.1.5The finishing order of each competitor in
the Final will determine Championship
placings.
17.12.1.6Grid positions will be pre-drawn and listed
in the program for heats and/or rounds.
Riders’ choice for grid positions in the
Finals will apply. Top points scorer has first
choice and so on, as per point score result.
If electronic timing is used, qualifying time
will determine the choice of grid position
for the first heat only, thereafter the grid
positions are determined by the finishing
position in the previous race.
17.12.2 Solo Format: 12 or Less Entries per
Class
17.12.2.1The Championship comprises 5 races of 4
laps, which may be increased by one lap
if the track length is less than 500 metres.
In which case the number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
17.12.2.2Points accumulated by each competitor
in the 5 races will determine the
Championship placings.
17.12.3 Sidecar Format: 6 Entries per Class
17.12.3.1The Championship comprises:
a) Three qualifying heats of 3 laps,
b) One repechage of 4 laps,
c) One Final of 4 laps.
17.12.3.2The number of laps stated in GCR
17.12.3.1 may be increased by one lap if
the track length is less than 500 metres. In
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17 DIRT TRACK
which case the total number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
17.12.3.3Heats and Final:
a) The number of heat positions must
not exceed 6.
b) The right to compete in the Final will
be filled by:
i) The 5 competitors accumulating
the highest number of points
during the course of heats;
ii) The winner of the repechage.
17.12.3.4Competitors who finish in 6th to 11th
place inclusive during the course of the
heats will contest the repechage.
17.12.3.5The finishing order of each competitor in
the Final will determine Championship
placings.
17.12.4 Sidecar Format: 6 Entries or Less per
Class
17.12.4.1The Championship comprises 5 races of 4
laps, which may be increased by one lap
if the track length is less than 500 metres.
In which case the number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
17.12.4.2Points accumulated by each competitor in
the 5 races will determine Championship
placings.
SECTION 17D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
17.13 SOUND EMISSIONS
17.13.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
17.14FUEL
17.14.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
17.15ENGINES
17.15.1 Reciprocating Engines
17.15.1.1The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.15.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
17.15.2.1Unless otherwise specified in the following
table, the actual engine capacity of a
machine competing in a capacity class
may not exceed the prescribed capacity
for that class by more than 2%:
PERMITTED
EXCESS
CLASS
80cc 2-stroke
(Manufactured prior to 1/1/1995)
17.16
5%
FRAMES AND PARTS
17.16.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM.
The use of light alloys for wheel
spindles is also forbidden unless
OEM. The use of titanium alloy nuts
and bolts is allowed.
17.16.1Streamlining
17.16.1.1All streamlining fitted to motorcycles or
sidecars must be free of any sharp edges
on exposed extremities.
17.16.1.2For fibreglass construction, edges must
be rounded to their own thickness but
need not be wired.
17.16.1.3
All forward streamlining attached to
solo and sidecar machines must have a
minimum of three attachment points:
a) At least one supporting the forward
section of the shell, and
b) One on each side supporting the
rear portion of the shell.
17.16.1.4Identification plates must have corners
and edges smoothed.
17.16.2 Fuel Tanks
17.16.2.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
17.16.3 Exhaust Systems
17.16.3.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread,
c) Be attached as closely as practicable
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
to the machine and in a manner
that does not, in the opinion of the
Scrutineer, create a hazard to other
competitors,
d) Where separate silencers are fitted,
have a minimum of two mountings
or locking screws on all machines
which have a capacity in excess of
85cc,
e) Where silencers are re-packable,
have safety wired securing bolts.
17.16.4 Centre and Side Stands
17.16.4.1Centre and side stands must be removed
for all types of competition other than the
50cc classes.
17.16.4.2Centre and Side Stands which remain on
machines under the previous GCR must
be secured in the closed position.
17.16.5Footrests
17.16.5.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear,
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
17.16.6Handlebars
17.16.6.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
17.16.6.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
17.16.6.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
17.16.6.4A lanyard operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, must be
fitted to all Dirt Track sidecars. For Dirt
Track, the lanyard must have a maximum
length of one metre.
17.16.6.5If hand protectors are used, they must be
of a shatterproof material.
17 DIRT TRACK
17.16.7 Kick Start Levers
17.16.7.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
17.16.8 Drive Chain Protection
17.16.8.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
17.16.8.2The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
17.16.8.3If a plastic, fibreglass or part open chain
guard is used, a steel bolt of not less
than 10mm diameter, placed outside
the bottom rear quadrant of the clutch
sprocket. This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
17.16.8.4
Projecting sprockets, which are not
behind a clutch assembly or directly
behind a frame member, must be guarded
where the sprocket teeth are further than
30mm from a frame member or swinging
arm.
17.16.8.5A counter shaft sprocket which is more
than 30mm from the outside of the swing
arm pivot, must be covered.
17.16.8.6A chain guard must be fitted in a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain run and the final drive sprocket at
the rear wheel.
17.16.9 Tyres and Rims
17.16.9.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope
or other non-skid attachments
and paddle, scoop or knobby
treaded tyres, may not be used
unless permitted by the relevant
supplementary regulations.
17.16.9.2Loose Dirt Tracks: Tyres must comply
with the following:
a) Maximum block depth is 13mm,
b) Maximum block size is 24mm x
27.5mm,
c) Maximum gap between blocks is
25mm,
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17 DIRT TRACK
d) Maximum rear tyre width measured
to the outside of blocks is 116mm;
when measured at the point on the
tyre located at 90 degrees to where
the tyre contacts the ground, and
at a pressure of inflated to 14psi
(9.6kpa),
e) Tyre pressure may be adjusted after
measurements.
17.16.9.3Oil Dirt Tracks: Tyres must comply with
the following:
a) Tread on tyres must be at least 1mm
deep on any part of the tyre,
b) Maximum width allowed of the rear
tyre is 165mm; when measured at
the point on the tyre located at 90
degrees to where the tyre contacts
the ground, and at a pressure of
inflated to 14psi (9.6kpa),
c) Tyre pressure may be adjusted after
measurements.
17.16.10Mudguards
17.16.10.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
17.16.10.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
17.17
SENIOR SOLO CLASSES
17.17.0.1For Senior competition, a machine must:
a) Be constructed as either a Slider
type or Motocross type,
b) Have a gearbox with a minimum of
two gear ratios,
c) Have rear suspension,
d) Have a minimum of two working
brakes.
17.17.0.2Carbon fibre or carbon composite brake
discs and/or carriers are not permitted.
17.17.0.3Aluminum or Titanium brake discs are not
permitted.
17.18SIDECARS
17.18.1General
17.18.1.1
Wheel track measurement, taken
between the longitudinal centres of the
rear and sidecar wheels must be between
810mm and 1,100mm.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.18.1.2Ground clearance must be at least 75mm
unladen.
17.18.1.3The lean of the motorcycle at saddle
height must be no more than 50mm.
17.18.1.4When multiple tyres on one wheel are
used, the maximum collective width of the
tyres must not exceed 280mm.
17.18.1.5The dimensions of the sidecar baseboard
in plain view, taken from a line drawn no
further rearwards than the lowest point
of the front down tubes to the forward
most point of the sidecar wheel tyre and
terminating no further rearwards than a
line drawn at right angles to the machine
from the rearmost point of the rear tyre,
must be at least:
a) 760mm long adjacent to the sidecar
wheel,
b) 300mm wide, having at least 25mm
radius to all corners.
17.18.1.6The leading edge of the sidecar floor must
be protected by a nose cone or a rail of at
least 50mm height.
17.18.1.7The drive must be transmitted to the track
through the rear wheel of the motorcycle.
17.18.1.8One efficient rear wheel brake must be
fitted.
17.18.1.9Safety chains must be fitted to all
machines equipped with girder type front
forks.
17.18.1.10A passenger must be carried in a suitably
constructed sidecar.
17.18.1.11There must be no less than four sidecar
mounting points.
17.18.1.12There must be no more than 50mm
between baseboard and motorcycle
and baseboard and sidecar wheel. The
baseboard must be arranged to prevent
the passenger’s feet being trapped.
17.18.1.13 Handholds on the sidecar:
a) Must be finished with a loop of at
least 100mm,
b) Must not project beyond a line taken
with the outer edge of the sidecar
mudguard or bodywork,
c) Adjacent to the nose section of the
sidecar and less than 200mm from
the track surface must be at an angle
of at least 45° from the horizontal.
17.18.1.14 A suitable passenger handhold must be
provided on the off side of the rear wheel.
17 DIRT TRACK
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.18.1.15 Stirrup fittings for the passenger’s feet are
not permitted.
17.18.1.16 The rear end of the rear wheel mudguard
must terminate not more than 45° above
a horizontal line drawn through the rear
wheel axle and be valanced to baseboard
level on the inside and to axle level on the
outside, with the suspension depressed.
17.18.1.17 The sidecar mudguard must cover at least
180° of the periphery of the wheel and
be valanced to baseboard level on both
sides.
17.18.1.18 All footrests, brake levers, and gear levers
on the opposite side of the motorcycle to
the sidecar must be folding, or be shielded
by a continuous bar of 12mm minimum
diameter.
17.18.1.19Any open area between the footrests,
the continuous bar and the offside of the
motorcycle must be filled in with a suitable
material.
17.18.2Engine
17.18.2.1
Machines competing in any 1100cc
sidecar event:
a) Supercharged and turbocharged
engines must not exceed 500cc,
b) On liquid-cooled engines, an
overflow pipe must direct any
overflow of coolant away from the
rider and passenger.
17.18.2.2A lanyard operated ignition cut-out switch,
operating on the primary circuit, must be
fitted to all sidecars. The lanyard can be
up to one metre in length.
17.19
JUNIOR CLASSES
17.19.1General
17.19.1.1
Non-Motocross type 80cc to 160cc
4-stroke machines, excluding 80cc
4-stroke Modified, are approved for Dirt
Track competition under the following
conditions:
a) Exhaust systems may be modified or
changed,
b) External gearing and carburetor
jetting may also be altered,
c) No other modifications are allowed.
17.19.2Handlebars
17.19.2.1Handlebars must be securely plugged.
The width of handlebars must be not less
than 600mm and not more than 850mm.
17.19.3Tyres
17.19.3.1Type of tyre to be used in Junior Dirt
Track competition must be stipulated in
the supplementary regulations,
17.19.3.2Motocross knobby tyres on the rear of
any machine over 85cc 2-stroke or 150cc
4-stroke are not allowed.
17.19.4 Junior Trail Bikes
17.19.4.1The following machines are eligible for
club and Inter-club competitions:
a) 7 to under 13 : 65cc class
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
CRF70, XR70, CRF80, XR80
CRF110F
Kawasaki
KLX110, KLX110C, KLX110L
Suzuki
JR80, DR-Z70
Yamaha
PW80, TT-R90 TT-R110
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
XR100, CRF100
Kawasaki
KE100, KLX140
Yamaha
TT-R125
and similar machines approved by Board.
b) 9 to under 16 : 85cc class:
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217
17 DIRT TRACK
Suzuki
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
DR-Z125/L
and similar machines approved by Board.
17.19.5 50cc Demo Class Machines
17.19.5.1Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type,
c) Wheels as per GCR 17.19.9 must be
fitted.
e)
f)
17.19.6 50cc Auto Class Machines
17.19.6.1Eligible Machines are:
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Cobra
King CX50, CX50FWE
Gas Gas
EC 50
HM
CRX 10/10 Senior, Baja 10/10,
X3R
Husqvarna
Husky Boy SF03, CR50
Italjet
Action Outlaw
KTM
SXR PRO SNR, 50SX, SXR PRO
JNR, 50 SX 2009
LEM
RX3, RX3 2008, LX2F-USA,
CR2, CR2S
Malagutti
RCX10
Polini
XR3
TM
50 C1
Metrakit
MKX50
YCF
50A
h)
i)
j)
and similar machines approved by Board.
17.19.6.2Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must have one gear,
c) External gearing may be altered,
d) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type, and must not alter the external
218
g)
k)
appearance of the machine as it was
manufactured,
Wheels as per GCR 17.19.9 must be
fitted,
All machines must remain standard
to the OEM specifications for the
model. Only the following items
may be modified: The appearance
of a machine must remain as
manufactured provided that the
following may be altered:
i)Colour,
ii)Seat,
iii)Mudguards,
iv)Handlebars,
v)Grips,
vi)Levers,
vii)Cables,
viii)Chains,
ix) Tyre brand and tread pattern,
x) Carburettor jets.
The frame of a machine may be
gusseted and strengthened but not
so as to alter the geometry of the
frame,
Throttle limiting devices may be
removed,
A separate kill switch may be
installed in place of the standard,
Steel serrated foot pegs may replace
standard rubber pegs,
After market exhaust systems and
silencers are permitted.
17.19.7 85cc 4-stroke Modified
17.19.7.1Machine Requirements:
a) OEM Frame,
b) Two valve cylinder head,
c) Standard gearbox and standard
number of gears to be retained.
CLASS
APPROX. POWER
OUTPUT
50cc Auto/Demo
Up to 0.75 Kw
12.5”
(Rim Bead Diameter 203mm)
8”
50cc Auto/Demo
0.75 to 1 Kw
16”
(Rim Bead Diameter 305mm)
12”
65cc
1 to 1.5 Kw
20”
(Rim Bead Diameter 396mm)
14.5”
ELECTRIC WHEEL SIZE
EQUIVALENT SIZE
[Standard Motorcyles Wheel]
17 DIRT TRACK
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
17.19.8 Electric Machines
17.19.8.1Electric machines may compete with
comparable sized machines in Junior
competition using the following table:
17.19.9 Wheel Sizes
CLASS
FRONT
[Approx. Metric Equiv. in mm]
REAR
[Approx. Metric Equiv. in mm]
50cc Auto/Demo Class
10” or 12” [254 or 305]
10” [254]
65cc
14” to 15” [356 to 381]
12” [305]
80cc 4-stroke Standard & Modified
16” to 17” [407 to 432]
14” [356]
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
15” to 17” [381 to 432]
14” [356]
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke Big Wheel
19” to 21” [482 to 534]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke Big Wheel
(Dirt Track & Track)
19” [482]
16” to 17” [407 to 457]
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
Standard Wheel (Dirt Track & Track)
17” [457]
14” [356]
100cc
18” to 21” [457 to 534]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
125cc & over
17” to 21” [432 to 534]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
250cc 4-stroke
17” to 23” [432 to 586]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
18TRACK
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 221
SECTION 18A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN TRACK CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN TRACK CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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222
SECTION 18B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 222
18.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 222
18.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 223
220
SECTION 18C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 18.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.7 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.8 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.9 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.10 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.12 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS: AUSTRALIAN TRACK CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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SECTION 18D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
18.13 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.14FUEL .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.15ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.16 FRAMES AND PARTS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
18.17 SENIOR SOLO CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.18SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
18.19 CLASSIC TRACK .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
18.20 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the discipline
of Track.
SECTION 18A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
18.0.0.1The
Australian
Senior
Track
Championship may be conducted as a
single meeting.
18.0.0.2 The amount of prize money for Australian
Championships will be included in the
supplementary regulations.
18.0.0.3 The Australian Junior Track Championship
shall where possible be held in a school
holiday period.
18.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN TRACK
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS
CAPACITY
Under 19
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro 250
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc
to 250cc 4-stroke
Pro 450
250cc 2-stroke & 450cc 4-stroke
250cc Slider
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro Open
Unlimited (MX & Slider)
MX Open
500cc 2-stroke &
Over 460cc 4-stroke
**500cc Slider
Up to 500cc
Pro Open
Women
Unlimited
Dirt Track
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
Track
(Speedway)
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
ATV 450
Up to 350cc 2-stroke &
450cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
(Women)
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
18.1.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for
the Slider classes, these machines may
be combined with the events marked with
asterisks in the table above. All machines
must have one effective brake where MX
and Slider classes are combined.
18.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN TRACK
CHAMPIONSHIPS
AGE RANGE
CLASS/CAPACITY
7 to under 9
50cc Auto Division 2
7 to under 9
9 to under 13
65cc
9 to under 11
11 to under 13
13 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard Wheel
11 to under 13
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Big Wheel
11 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard & Big Wheel, Junior Girls
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Slider only
7 to under 10
10 to under 14
85cc 4-stroke Modified
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke & 200cc
to 250cc 4-stroke, Junior Girls
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
**100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke,
Slider only
13 to under 16
**200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
18.2.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries
for a Slider class, these classes may
be combined with classes marked
with asterisks in table above provided.
All machines must have one effective
brake where MX and Slider classes are
combined.
Note: This is applicable only to riders 13
to under 16 years and at the discretion of
the Relevant Controlling Body.
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18.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
18.3.1 Individual Competitions
18.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class and 1st, 2nd
and 3rd placed rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
18.3.2 All Competitions
18.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
18.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all Australian Championships where there
are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for sidecar classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
c) 6 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races.
Thinking about Rule changes?
If you believe a rule should be changed or
a new rule added, you can have your say
by working through your Club to propose
amendments and/or additions.
Proposals for changes can be sent to your
SCB or direct to MA. The details are at the
front of this book.
The most successful applications are when
the proposer includes the new wording for an
existing rule, where a new rule should sit in
the structure of this book, and must include a
rationale on why the rule should be changed
or added.
It’s YOUR SPORT-
we welcome your input
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SECTION 18B: COMPETITION CLASSES
18.4
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASSES
CAPACITIES
Under 19
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro 250
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
Pro 450
250cc 2-stroke & 450cc 4-stroke
250cc Slider
150cc 2-stroke & 250cc 4-stroke
**Pro Open
(MX & Slider)
Unlimited
MX Open
500cc 2-stroke &
Over 460cc 4-stroke
**500cc Slider
Up to 500cc
Pro Open
Women
Unlimited
Dirt Track
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
Track
(Speedway)
Sidecar
Up to 1100cc
ATV 450
Up to 350cc 2-stroke &
450cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
ATV Open
(Women)
Up to 550cc 2-stroke &
700cc 4-stroke
18.4.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for
the Slider classes, these machines may
be combined with the events marked with
asterisks in the table above. All machines
must have one effective brake where MX
and slider classes are combined.
18.4.0.2 Riders are eligible to enter one class
above capacity of the machine entered
(Senior riders only).
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
18.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
AGE RANGE
CLASS/CAPACITY
4 to under 9
50cc Demo (Division 1)
(Non-competitive)
7 to under 9
50cc Auto (Division 2)
7 to under 9
9 to under 13
65cc
9 to under 11
11 to under 13
13 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard Wheel
11 to under 13
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Big Wheel
11 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Standard & Big Wheel, Girls
13 to under 16
**85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke,
Slider only
7 to under 10
10 to under 14
85cc 4-stroke Modified
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke, Girls
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
13 to under 16
100cc to 150cc 2-stroke &
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke,
Slider only
13 to under 16
200cc to 250cc 4-stroke
18.5.0.1 **Where there are insufficient entries for the
Slider classes, these machines may
be combined with events marked with
asterisks in the table above. All machines
must have one effective brake where MX
and slider classes are combined.
Note: This is applicable only to riders 13
to under 16 years and at the discretion of
the Relevant Controlling Body.
SECTION 18C: COMPETITION RULES
18.6
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
18.6.0.1No person may participate in any
competition unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
18.6.0.2At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
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as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
18.6.0.3 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
18.6.0.4 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
18.6.0.5 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
18.7
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
18.7.1 Junior Competition
18.7.1.1 No person who is under the age of 16
years may compete in other than a Junior
competition.
18.7.1.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
18.7.1.3 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
18.7.1.4 Subject to GCR 18.7.1.2 a), a Junior who
is under the age of 9 years may compete
on a 50cc automatic machine despite
being unable to lift the machine unaided
from the horizontal to vertical.
18.7.1.5 No applicant will be issued with their first
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competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
18.7.1.6Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
18.7.1.7 In the 4 to under 9 years 50cc Noncompetitive Demo class, all riders are
entitled to receive a prize or award of the
same size/value.
18.7.1.8 Subject to the following two GCRs, a
Relevant Controlling Body may permit
age group racing, graded racing, or a
combination of both.
18.7.1.9 Age group racing:
a) Subject to sub-Rule b), only
competitors in the same age groups
may compete against each other,
b) Competitors from different age
groups in the following classes may
compete with each other if there are
insufficient entries for each class:
i) 85cc 2-stroke Big Wheel &
100cc to 150cc 4-stroke single
cylinder,
ii) 100cc to 150cc single cylinder &
250cc 4-stroke.
18.7.1.10A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
18.7.1.11Motocross-type 150cc 4-stroke machines
may compete against 85cc 2-stroke
machines in Junior competition.
18.7.2
18.7.2.1
•
•
•
•
•
Junior Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
50cc
65cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
100cc 2-stroke
250cc 4-stroke
18.8
GENERAL RULES
18.8.1Homologation
18.8.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
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18.8.2 Helmet Cameras
18.8.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting to
the helmet will allow the camera to detach
if impacted upon and the attachment
method must not impair the integrity or
operation of the helmet.
18.9
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
18.9.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Track competition unless
wearing the protective clothing and
equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
18.10
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
18.10.1 Number Plates
18.10.1.1For all competitions 3 number plates must
be fitted: One at the front and one on each
side.
18.10.1.2Number plates must:
a) Where they are not an integral part
of the machine or streamlining and
are under 1.6mm in thickness, have
rolled or wired edges,
b) In the case of rectangular plates,
have the corners formed to a 38mm
radius,
c) In the case of bolt on number plates,
be made from a rigid material with
minimum dimensions of 235mm
height and 285mm width; and
d) In the case of sidecars, be positioned
so that they are visible from the front
and each side of the sidecar.
18.10.1.3Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of
20 metres and a solid 10mm wide border.
18.10.1.4Side number plates must:
a) Be fitted above a horizontal line
drawn through the rear axle,
b) Be fitted so that the front edge of the
plate is behind a vertical line drawn
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
at 200mm to the rear of the rider’s
footrest.
18.10.1.5Number backgrounds on side number
plates may be an integral part of the rear
seat section or fairing.
18.10.1.6Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
number plate background and the rider’s
name by either a gap or a contrasting
colour strip, unless the advertising is an
integral part of the back plate cover.
18.10.2 Number Plates: Juniors
18.10.2.1Number plates for Juniors must be as
follows:
a) A minimum plate size of 225mm
width and 200mm height,
b) Figures with minimum sizes of
100mm height and 20mm width of
stroke.
18.10.2.2For 50cc automatic:
a) A minimum plate size of 200mm
wide and 150mm high,
b) The figures on the plates must be
100mm high and 20mm wide,
c) The front plate must be fitted so that
it does not extend above the height
of the handlebars or grips.
18.10.3 Number Plate Colours
18.10.3.1Colours must be as follows:
CAPACITY OR
CLASS
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Up to 150cc
Black
White
151 to 250cc
Dark Green
White
251 to 450cc
Mid Blue
White
Over 450cc
White
Black
500cc Slider
White
Black
1100cc Sidecar
White
Black
18.10.3.2Colours for Junior age group racing
AGE GROUP
(YEARS)
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Under 9
Mid Blue
White
9 to under 12
Canary Yellow
Black
12 to under 14
Mail Box Red
White
14 to under 16
Black
Yellow
18.10.3.3Additional colour combinations may be
used, at the discretion of the Relevant
Controlling Body.
18.10.4 Number Plate Figures
18.10.4.1Figures must be clearly legible, the
minimum dimensions being:
DIMENSION
MEASUREMENT (mm)
Height
140
Width of each figure
75
Space between figures
25
Space between figures
and edge of plate
12
18.10.5 Back Numbers: Seniors and Juniors
18.10.5.1No Senior or Junior may compete in any
competition unless wearing the machine
identification number on their back with
a minimum size of 125mm height and
20mm width of stroke. Figures must be
black on a white background.
18.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
18.11.1 Flags and Signals
18.11.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
18.11.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Flags and Signals.
18.11.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
18.11.2 Measurement at Meetings
18.11.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
18.11.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
18.11.3 Measurement: All Australian and State
Championship Events
18.11.3.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
18.11.3.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
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receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
18.11.3.3The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed
machines must be impounded for
a period of 30 minutes immediately
following the event, pending any protest,
and the event result will be provisional;
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed.
18.11.3.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within
21 days after the event.
18.11.3.5No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are
received or the expiration of 21 days,
whichever occurs first.
18.11.4 Practice and Qualifying
18.11.4.1Practice and qualifying shall be as
prescribed in supplementary regulations.
18.11.4.2Venues for Australian Senior and Junior
Dirt Track Championship will be closed
to competitors for a minimum of 8 days
prior to the event.
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18.11.5Starts
18.11.5.1All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
ii) The pit lane,
iii) The rear of the field, or
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
iv) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
18.11.5.2The method of starting will be as
prescribed by the supplementary
regulations.
18.11.5.3 The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
b) For flying starts, when the starting
line is crossed.
18.11.5.4All starts, other than handicap starts will
be single row.
18.11.5.5Grid positions will be pre-drawn and listed
in the program for heats and/or rounds.
18.11.5.6Riders choice for grid positions in the
Finals will apply; top scorer has first
choice down through points score.
18.11.5.7If electronic timing is used; qualifying time
will determine the choice of grid position
for the first heat only, the grid positions
thereafter will be determined by finishing
position in the previous race.
18.11.5.8The first competitor who touches the
tapes after the displaying of the green
light and before the tapes are raised will
be excluded and the event will be restarted.
18.11.5.9Unless otherwise determined in the
supplementary regulations all competitors
must be called to the start line at least 2
minutes before each start.
18.11.5.10Competitors may use up to 2 starting
blocks (one per side) which will not
interfere with the competitor, or any
other competitor, or their machines up
to a maximum of 100mm high and must
be able to start in the event unaided
while sitting on the machine.
18.11.6Finishes
18.11.6.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b)
c)
d)
e)
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance,
• Is still competing in the
event on the lap in which the
chequered flag is displayed to
the winner, with the sequence
of completion of the event
being the determinant of
placings.
The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 18.11.5.1 a),
The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
Where there are 2 competitors
required to be on one machine
together, both must finish the event
in contact with the machine. On a
solo machine the competitor must
finish the event in contact with the
machine,
In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead
heat will share the places and
awards equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
18.11.7 Juniors: Starts and Finishes
18.11.7.1
In addition to the general start
requirements for all competitors, Juniors
must comply as follows:
a) When assembled for the start of
an event, and during the event, no
competitor may receive outside
assistance other than at the
direction of the Steward, the Clerk
of Course or the Starter,
b) Pit board signals will not be used in
Junior competition. Riders/Pit crew
who fail to obey this instruction are
liable to exclusion for the duration of
the competition,
c) When the number of competitors
exceeds one full grid:
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i) Elimination heats and semifinals must be held,
ii) The Relevant Controlling Body
may direct that events be decided
by a Final or Finals, consisting of
a number of rounds.
18.11.8 Stopping Events
18.11.8.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
18.11.8.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the incident
and could not continue in the event.
18.11.9 Stopping and Re-Running Events
18.11.9.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event, may declare the event
void and order a re-run.
18.11.9.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
b) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
18.11.9.3 A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
18.11.9.4In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
ii) Intentionally laid down his or
her machine in the interests of
safety, or
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
iii) Left the course in the interests of
safety, may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
ii) Failed to start in,
iii) Retired from,
iv) Was excluded from,
v) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
18.11.9.5If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the penultimate lap of the
race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
18.11.10Scoring
18.11.10.1All races will be scored using the scoring
system below:
PLACE
POINTS
PLACE
POINTS
1
25
11
10
2
22
12
9
3
20
13
8
4
18
14
7
5
16
15
6
6
15
16
5
7
14
17
4
8
13
18
3
9
12
19
2
10
11
20
1
18.11.10.2 An alternative points scoring system may be approved for an MA series event.
18.11.10.3If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
228
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
18.11.10.4 If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
18.11.11 Stewards and Clerks
18.11.11.1A minimum of one Steward and two
Clerks of Course is required at all track
meetings where the track length exceeds
500 metres.
18.11.12
Change of Machine during a
Competition
18.11.12.1During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
18.11.13 Radio Communication
18.11.13.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
18.12
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS:
AUSTRALIAN TRACK
CHAMPIONSHIPS
18.12.1 Solo Format: More than 12 Entries per
Class.
18.12.1.1The Championship comprises:
a) 3 qualifying heats of 3 laps,
b) One repechage of 4 laps,
c) One Final of 4 laps.
18.12.1.2The number of laps stated in GCR
18.12.1.1 may be increased by one lap if
the lap distance is less than 500 metres. In
which case the total number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
18.12.2 Heats and Final
18.12.2.1The number of heat positions must not
exceed 12.
18.12.2.2The right to compete in the Final will be
filled by:
a) The 10 competitors accumulating the
highest number of points during the
course of heats,
b) The first two placings of the
repechage.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
18.12.2.3Competitors who finish in 11 to 22nd
inclusive during the course of the heats
will contest the repechage.
18.12.2.4The finishing order of each competitor in
the Final will determine Championship
placings.
18.12.2.5Grid positions will be pre drawn and listed
in the program for heats and/ or rounds.
Riders’ choice for grid positions in the
Finals will apply. Top points scorer has first
choice and so on as per point score result.
If electronic timing is used, qualifying time
will determine the choice of grid position
for the first heat only, thereafter the grid
positions are determined by the finishing
position in the previous race.
18.12.2 Solo format: 12 or Less Entries per
Class.
18.12.2.1The Championship comprises 5 races of 4
laps, which may be increased by one lap if
the lap distance is less than 500 metres.
In which case the number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
18.12.2.2Points accumulated by each competitor
in the 4 races will determine the
Championship placings.
18.12.3 Sidecar Format: 6 Entries per Class
18.12.3.1The Championship comprises:
a) 3 qualifying heats of 3 laps,
b) One repechage of 4 laps,
c) One Final of 4 laps.
18.12.3.2The number of laps stated in GCR
18.12.3.1 may be increased by one lap if
the lap distance is less than 500 metres. In
which case the total number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
18.12.4 Heats and Final
18.12.4.1The number of heat positions must not
exceed 6.
18.12.4.2The right to compete in the Final will be
filled by:
a) The 5 competitors accumulating the
highest number of points during the
course of heats;
b) The winner of the repechage.
18.12.4.3Competitors who finish in 6th to 11th places inclusive during the course of the
heats will contest the repechage.
18.12.4.4The finishing order of each competitor in
the Final will determine Championship
placings.
18.12.5 Sidecar Format: 6 Entries or Less per
Class
18.12.5.1The Championship comprises: 5 races of
4 laps, which may be increased by one lap
if the lap distance is less than 500 metres.
In which case the number of laps will be
stated in the supplementary regulations.
18.12.5.2Points accumulated by each competitor in
the 5 races will determine Championship
placings.
SECTION 18D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
18.13 SOUND EMISSIONS
18.13.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
18.14FUEL
18.14.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
18.14.1 Environmental Protection
18.14.1.1An absorbent mat that measures a
minimum of 500mm x 500mm must be
placed underneath the engine/gearbox
and fuel tank of any solo or sidecar while
parked in the pit, paddock or work area.
18.15 ENGINES
18.15.1 Reciprocating Engines
18.15.1.1The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
18.15.2 Rotary Engines
Cubic capacity = (Z x V)
N
Where:
V = Capacity of each chamber comprising
the engine in cubic centimetres,
N = Number of turns of the motor necessary to complete 1 cycle in a chamber, and
Z = Combustion cycles per revolution.
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18.15.3Wankel System Engines With a
Triangular Piston
Cubic capacity = 2 x V x D
Where:
V = capacity of a single chamber,
D = the number of rotors.
18.15.3.1Wankel system engines are classified as
4 strokes.
18.15.4 Engine Capacity Tolerances
18.15.4.1Unless otherwise specified in the following
table, the actual engine capacity of a
machine competing in a capacity class
may not exceed the prescribed capacity
for that class by more than 2%.
CLASS
PERMITTED
EXCESS
80cc 2-stroke
(Manufactured prior to 1/1/1995)
5%
85cc 4-stroke
(Track and Dirt Track Modified)
Nil
Record Attempts and Senior Track
Nil
65cc & 85cc
Nil
18.15.5 Superchargers and Turbochargers
18.15.5.1Superchargers and turbochargers may
only be used as follows:
a) In drag racing or record attempts,
b) The nominal cubic capacity of an
engine as calculated under GCR
18.15.1, 18.15.2 or 18.15.3 that
is fitted with a supercharger or a
turbocharger shall be multiplied
by 2 for the purposes of engine
classification.
18.16
FRAMES AND PARTS
18.16.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
8.16.1Streamlining
18.16.1.1All streamlining fitted to motorcycles or
sidecars must be free of any sharp edges
on exposed extremities.
18.16.1.2For fibreglass construction, edges must
230
be rounded to their own thickness but
need not be wired.
18.16.1.3
All forward streamlining attached to
solo and sidecar machines must have a
minimum of 3 attachment points:
a) At least one supporting the forward
section of the shell, and
b) One on each side supporting the
rear portion of the shell.
18.16.1.4Identification plates must have corners
and edges smoothed.
18.16.2 Fuel Tanks
18.16.2.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
18.16.3 Exhaust Systems
18.16.3.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread,
c) Be attached as closely as practicable
to the machine and in a manner
that does not, in the opinion of the
Scrutineer, create a hazard to other
competitors,
d) Where separate silencers are fitted,
have a minimum of 2 mountings
or locking screws on all machines
which have a capacity in excess of
85cc,
e) Where silencers are re-packable,
have safety wired securing bolts.
18.16.4 Centre and Side Stands
18.16.4.1Centre and side stands must be removed
for all types of competition other than the
50cc solo machines.
18.16.4.2Centre and Side Stands which remain on
machines under the previous GCR must
be secured in the closed position.
18.16.5Footrests
18.16.5.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear,
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
18.16.6Handlebars
18.16.6.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
18.16.6.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
18.16.6.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
18.16.6.4If hand protectors are used they must be
of a shatterproof material.
18.16.7 Kick Start Levers
18.16.7.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
18.16.8 Drive Chain Protection
18.16.8.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
18.16.8.2The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
18.16.8.3If a plastic, fibreglass or part open chain
guard is used, a steel bolt of not less
than 10mm diameter, placed outside
the bottom rear quadrant of the clutch
sprocket. This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
18.16.8.4
Projecting sprockets, which are not
behind a clutch assembly or directly
behind a frame member, must be guarded
where the sprocket teeth are further than
30mm from a frame member or swinging
arm.
18.16.8.5A counter shaft sprocket which is more
than 30mm from the outside of the swing
arm pivot must be covered.
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18.16.8.6A chain guard must be fitted in a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain run and the final drive sprocket at
the rear wheel.
18.16.9 Tyres and Rims
18.16.9.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope
or other non-skid attachments
and paddle, scoop or knobby
treaded tyres may not be used
unless permitted by the relevant
supplementary regulations.
18.16.9.2Loose Dirt Tracks: Tyres must comply
with the following:
a) Maximum block depth is 13mm,
b) Maximum block size is 24mm x
27.5mm,
c) Maximum gap between blocks is
25mm,
d) Maximum rear tyre width measured
to the outside of blocks is 116mm;
when measured at the point on the
tyre located at 90 degrees to where
the tyre contacts the ground, and
at a pressure of inflated to 14psi
(9.6kpa),
e) Tyre pressure may be adjusted after
measurements.
18.16.9.3Oil Dirt Tracks: Tyres must comply with
the following:
a) Tread on tyres must be at least 1mm
deep on any part of the tyre,
b) Maximum width allowed of the rear
tyre is 165mm; when measured at
the point on the tyre located at 90
degrees to where the tyre contacts
the ground, and at a pressure of
inflated to 14psi (9.6kpa),
c) Tyre pressure may be adjusted after
measurements.
18.16.9.4The rear wheel rim must have a maximum
width of 100 mm, and be 17”, 18”, 19” or
22” in diameter.
18.16.10Mudguards
18.16.10.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
18.16.10.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
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18.17
SENIOR SOLO CLASSES
18.17.1General
18.17.1.1Brakes must not be fitted to track Slider
type machines of up to 500cc when
competing in Slider only classes. Slider
machines competing in all other solo
classes (where permitted) must be fitted
with at least one effective brake.
18.17.1.2Rear suspension and swingarm must be
fitted.
18.17.1.3Must have a minimum of 2 gears.
18.17.1.4Minimum weight of 85 kg.
18.18SIDECARS
18.18.1General
18.18.1.1Left hand and right hand sidecars may not
compete against each other.
18.18.1.2Sidecars, in addition to complying with
the requirements for solos, must be as
follows:
a) The sidecar body width must be
890mm measured from the closest
mounting point to the extremity of the
sidecar body including any step,
b) The inside of the sidecar wheel must
be enclosed to floor level,
c) Any step must have a maximum
width of 200mm from the sidecar,
d) Front mounted exhaust systems
must not protrude beyond the
outermost edges of the sidecar,
e) All outer edge sidecar chassis
corners must have a minimum 25mm
radius,
f) Sidecar wheel drive is prohibited.
18.18.1.3The wheel track must be between 635mm
and 1000mm measured between the
longitudinal centres of the rear and
sidecar wheels.
18.18.1.4The ground clearance must be at least
75mm unladen.
18.18.1.5The stagger at the top of the sidecar
wheel must be:
a) Inwards, no more than 300mm.
b) Outwards, nil.
18.18.1.6The dimensions of the sidecar baseboard
in plan view, taken from a line drawn no
further rearwards than the lowest point
of the front down tubes to the forwardmost point of the sidecar wheel tyre and
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
terminating no further rearwards than a
line drawn at right angles to the machine
from the rearmost point of the rear tyre,
must be:
a) At least 760mm long adjacent to the
sidecar wheel,
b) At least 300mm wide, having at least
25mm radius to all corners.
18.18.1.7All edges of the sidecar floor, not
otherwise protected, must be protected
by a nose cone or a rail of at least 50mm
height.
18.18.1.8There must be no more than 50mm
between the baseboard and motorcycle
and the baseboard and sidecar wheel.
The baseboard must be arranged so as
not to allow the passenger’s feet to be
trapped.
18.18.1.9The drive must be transmitted to the track
through the rear wheel of the motorcycle.
18.18.1.10Safety chains must be fitted to all
machines equipped with girder type front
forks.
18.18.1.11Where Harley-type forks are used, an
approved bolt must be fitted to lock the
triple clamp.
18.18.1.12A passenger must be carried in a suitably
constructed sidecar.
18.18.1.13The sidecar must be attached to the left
hand side of the motorcycle.
18.18.1.14There must be no less than 4 sidecar
mounting points.
18.18.1.15Stirrup fittings for the passenger’s feet are
not permitted.
18.18.1.16Handholds:
a) Must be finished with a loop of at
least 100mm,
b) Must not project beyond a line taken
with the outer edge of the sidecar
mudguard or bodywork,
c) Adjacent to the nose section of
the sidecar and less than 200mm
from the track surface must be at
a minimum angle of 45° from the
horizontal.
18.18.1.17A suitable passenger handhold must be
provided on the off-side of the rear wheel.
18.18.1.18The rear wheel sprocket must have an
approved guard, being either:
a) A fully enclosed steel chain guard, or
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
b) If a plastic or part open chain guard
is used, a steel bolt of not less than
10mm minimum diameter placed
outside the bottom rear quadrant
of the clutch sprocket. This bolt, if
damaged, must be replaced.
18.18.2Lanyards
18.18.2.1There must be a kill switch which must:
a) Cut out the ignition,
b) Operate on the primary circuit,
c) Be fitted with a lanyard which must:
i) Have a total extended length not
exceeding 500mm,
ii) Be attached around the rider’s
right wrist when the machine is
in motion,
iii) Not be secured to the handlebar
unless by a readily torn material.
18.18.3Mudguards
18.18.3.1The rear end of the rear wheel mudguard
must terminate not more than 45° above
a horizontal line drawn through the rear
wheel axle and be valanced to baseboard
level on the inside and to axle level on the
outside, with the suspension depressed.
18.18.3.2The sidecar mudguard, if fitted, must
cover at least 180° of the periphery of the
wheel and be valanced to baseboard level
on both sides.
18.18.3.3A sidecar wheel disc may be fitted instead
of a sidecar mudguard.
18.18.4Engines
18.18.4.1For a machine competing in any event the
engine must comply as follows:
a) The engine capacity must not
exceed 1100cc,
b) Supercharged and turbocharged
engines must not exceed 500cc,
c) On liquid-cooled engines, an
overflow pipe must be used to direct
any overflow of coolant away from
the rider and passenger.
18.19 CLASSIC TRACK
18.19.1Eligibility
18.19.1.1Engines must have been manufactured
before 31st December 1976.
18.19.1.2Competitors must be aged at least 30
years at the date of the competition.
18.19.2 Frames and Parts
18.19.2.1The frame must:
a) Have conventional swingarm
rear suspension with twin shock
absorbers,
b) Not be fitted with leading-link front
forks.
18.19.3Engines
18.19.3.1The engine must be:
a) Single cylinder,
b) Two-valve, push rod operated,
c) Single spark plug,
d) Of a maximum capacity of 500cc
with a 2% tolerance,
e) Vertical in the chassis,
f) Fitted with a round slide carburettor
of 38mm maximum bore, and
g) Must not be fitted with a centre port
cross flow cylinder head.
18.19.3.2The gearbox must have at least 2 gears.
18.19.4 Tyres and Rims
18.19.4.1All machines must have:
a) A front wheel diameter of 23”
(594mm),
b) A rear wheel diameter of 19”
(482mm) or 22” (560mm), as
specified in the supplementary
regulations,
c) Rear tyres with a maximum tread
pattern depth of 8mm.
18.20
JUNIOR CLASSES
18.20.1 Junior Trail Bikes
18.20.1.1The following machines are eligible for
club and Inter-club competitions:
a) 7 to under 13 years : 65cc class
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
CRF70, XR70, CRF80, XR80
CRF110F
Kawasaki
Suzuki
KLX110, KLX110C, KLX110L
JR80, DR-Z70
Yamaha
PW80, TT-R90 TT-R110
and similar machines approved by Board.
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b) 9 to under 16 years : 85cc class
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Honda
XR100, CRF100
Kawasaki
KE100 KLX140
Yamaha
TT-R125
and similar machines approved by Board.
18.20.2 50cc Demo Class Machines
18.20.2.1Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type,
c) Wheels as per GCR 18.20.8 must be
fitted,
18.20.3 50cc Auto Class Machines
18.20.3.1Eligible Machines are:
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Cobra
King CX50, CX50FWE
Gas Gas
EC 50
HM
CRX 10/10 Senior, Baja
10/10, X3R
Husqvarna
Husky Boy SF03, CR50
Italjet
Action Outlaw
KTM
SXR PRO SNR, 50SX, SXR
PRO JNR, 50 SX 2009
LEM
RX3, RX3 2008, LX2FUSA, CR2, CR2S
Malagutti
RCX10
Polini
XR3
TM
50 C1
Metrakit
MKX50
YCF
50A
and similar machines approved by Board.
18.20.3.2 Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must have one gear,
234
c) External gearing may be altered,
d) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type, and must not alter the external
appearance of the machine as it was
manufactured,
e) Wheels as per GCR 18.20.8 must be
fitted,
f) All machines must remain standard
to the OEM specifications for the
model. Only the following items
may be modified: The appearance
of a machine must remain as
manufactured provided that the
following may be altered:
i)Colour,
ii)Seat,
iii)Mudguards,
iv)Handlebars,
v)Grips,
vi)Levers,
vii)Cables,
viii)Chains,
ix) Tyre brand and tread pattern,
x) Carburettor jets.
g) The frame of a machine may be
gusseted and strengthened but not
so as to alter the geometry of the
frame,
h) Throttle limiting devices may be
removed,
i) A separate kill switch may be
installed in place of the standard,
j) Steel serrated foot pegs may replace
standard rubber pegs,
k) After-market exhaust systems and
silencers are permitted.
18.20.4 Electric Machines
18.20.4.1Electric machines may compete with
comparable sized machines in Junior
competition using the following table:
CLASS
APPROX. POWER
OUTPUT
ELECTRIC WHEEL SIZE
EQUIVALENT SIZE
[Standard Motorcyles Wheel]
50cc Auto/Demo
Up to 0.75 Kw
12.5”
(Rim Bead Diameter 203mm)
8”
50cc Auto/Demo
0.75 to 1 Kw
16”
(Rim Bead Diameter 305mm)
12”
65cc
1 to 1.5 Kw
20”
(Rim Bead Diameter 396mm)
14.5”
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
18.20.5 85cc 4-stroke Modified
18.20.5.1Machine Requirements:
a) OEM Frame,
b) Two-valve cylinder head,
c) Standard gearbox and number of gears to be retained.
18.20.6 Junior Handlebars
18.20.6.1Handlebars must be securely plugged. The width of handlebars must be not less than 600mm and
not more than 850mm.
18.20.7 Junior Tyres
18.20.7.1Motocross knobby tyres on the rear of any machine over 85cc 2-stroke or 150cc 4-stroke are
prohibited.
18.20.8 Junior Wheel Sizes
CLASS
50cc Auto/Demo Class
65cc
80cc 4-stroke Standard & Modified
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke Big Wheel
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke Big Wheel
(Dirt Track & Track)
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc 4-stroke Standard Wheel
(Dirt Track & Track)
100cc
125cc & over
250cc 4-stroke
FRONT
[Approx. Metric Equiv. in mm]
10” or 12” [254 or 305]
14” to 15” [356 to 381]
16” to 17” [407 to 432]
15” to 17” [381 to 432]
19” to 21” [482 to 534]
19” [482]
REAR
[Approx. Metric Equiv.in mm]
10” [254]
12” [305]
14” [356]
14” [356]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
16” or 17” [407 to 457]
17” [457]
14” [356]
18” to 21” [457 to 534]
17” to 21” [432 to 534]
17” to 23” [432 to 586]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
16” to 19” [407 to 482]
Winning PartnershiP
The Australian
Sports Commission
proudly supports
Motorcycling Australia
The Australian Sports Commission is
the Australian Government agency that
develops, manages and invests in sport
at all levels in Australia. Motorcycling
Australia has worked closely with the
Australian Sports Commission to develop
motorcycling from community participation
to high-level performance.
Motorcycling Australia is one
of many national sporting
organisations that has formed
a winning partnership with the
Australian Sports Commission
to develop its sport in Australia.
www.ausport.gov.au
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
19SUPERMOTO
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 237
SECTION 22A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN SUPERMOTO CHAMPIONSHIPS.. .. .. .. .. .
19.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN SUPERMOTO CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .
19.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
237
237
237
237
SECTION 19B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 237
19.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 237
19.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 237
236
SECTION 19C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 19.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.7 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.8 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.9 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
19.10 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
237
237
238
238
238
238
239
SECTION 19D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
19.12 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.13FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
19.14ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.15 FRAMES AND PARTS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
242
242
243
243
243
SECTION 19E: MINIMOTARD.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.16 COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.17 COMPETITION RULES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.18ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
19.19 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
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19 SUPERMOTO
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for the discipline
of Supermoto.
SECTION 22A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
19.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN SUPERMOTO
CHAMPIONSHIPS
SECTION 19B: COMPETITION CLASSES
19.4
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS
CAPACITY
Pro
Over 175cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
Over 290cc to 450cc 4-stroke
Open
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
Clubman
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
CLASS
CAPACITY
Pro
Over 175cc to 250cc 2-stroke &
Over 290cc to 450cc 4-stroke
Veterans
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
Open
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
Womens
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
Womens
Up to 500cc 2-stroke &
Up to 700cc 4-stroke
19.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN SUPERMOTO
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS/
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
Lites
9 to 13
Over 65cc to 85cc 2-stroke &
Over 90cc to 150cc 4-stroke
Junior
13 to 15
Up to 125cc 2-stroke &
Up to 250cc 4-stroke
19.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
19.3.1 Individual Competitions
19.3.1.1 MA medallions will be presented to the
1st, 2nd and 3rd placed riders in each
Championship solo class.
19.3.1.2 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
Promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
19.3.1.3 Medallions and points will be awarded in
all other Australian Championships where
there are:
a) 10 or more starters for solo classes
which actually participate in practice,
qualifying or races,
b) 6 or more starters for all female
classes which actually participate in
practice, qualifying or races.
19.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS/
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
Lites
9 to 13
Over 65cc to 85cc 2-stroke &
Over 90cc to 150cc 4-stroke
Junior
13 to 15
Up to 125cc 2-stroke &
Up to 250cc 4-stroke
SECTION 19C: COMPETITION RULES
19.6
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
19.6.0.1 No person may participate in any
competition unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
19.6.0.2 At scrutineering, competitors must
produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
19.6.0.3 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
19.6.0.4 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
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19 SUPERMOTO
19.6.1Veterans
19.6.1.1 Riders must have turned 35 years
before the 1st of January in the year of
competition.
19.6.2 Qualification for Classes
19.6.2.1 To qualify for Pro Class, a rider must
achieve at least a time equal to 106% of
the time recorded by the fastest rider of
his class.
19.6.2.2 Any rider who fails to qualify for Pro Class,
will be reclassified to the Open Class.
19.6.2.3 Any rider entered into the Clubman Class,
who achieves a qualifying time that is at
least equal to 106% of the time recorded
by the fastest rider of the Open Class
shall be reclassified to the Open Class.
19.6.2.4 Race officials may alter the percentage
amount, on a per event basis, where it is
deemed necessary and in the interests of
safety, fairness, competitiveness or the
application of the set amount would make
the running of the event impractical.
19.6.3 Cross Entry
19.6.3.1 A rider may not cross-enter between
Championship classes on the same
machine, with the exception of the
Womens class.
19.7
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ELIGIBILITY: JUNIORS
19.7.1 Junior Competition
19.7.1.1 Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
19.7.1.2 No person who is under the age of 16
years may compete in other than a Junior
competition in the discipline of Supermoto.
19.7.1.3 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
19.7.1.4 No person who is unable to lift his or her
machine unaided from the horizontal to
the vertical may compete in any Junior
competition.
19.7.1.5 Unless otherwise permitted in writing
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years.
19.7.2
19.7.2.1
•
•
•
•
Junior Supermoto Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
65cc 2-stroke/125cc 4-stroke
85cc 2-stroke/150cc 4-stroke
200cc 2-stroke
250cc 4-stroke
19.8
GENERAL RULES
19.8.1Homologation
19.8.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
19.8.2Cameras
19.8.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design of
the manufacturer.
19.9
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
19.9.0.1 No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Supermoto competition
unless wearing the protective equipment
and clothing as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Helmets.
19.10
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
19.10.1 Number Plates: Juniors and Seniors
19.10.1.1For all competitions three number plates
must be fitted; one at the front and one on
each side.
19.10.1.2Front number plates must have figures
which are clearly visible at a distance of 20
metres. Figures must be in a contrasting
colour to the number plate.
19.10.1.3Advertising is permitted on all machines,
but must be at least 25mm clear of the
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
number plate background and the rider’s
name by either a gap or a contrasting
colour strip, unless the advertising is an
integral part of the back plate cover.
19.11 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
19.11.0.1Senior classes of the same capacity
may be combined if provided for in
supplementary regulations.
19.11.1 Flags and Signals
19.11.1.1The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
19.11.1.2Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Flags and Signals.
19.11.1.3The National flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
19.11.2 Measurement at Meetings
19.11.2.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
19.11.2.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
19.11.3 Measurement: Australian and State
Championship Events
19.11.3.1 For all Australian and State Championship
events:
a) All machines must have provision for
the placement of sealing wire,
b) An entrant may request that the
entrant’s machine be measured and
sealed before the event. As soon
as practicable after receiving the
request the measurer for the event
must measure and seal the machine.
Any machine examined under this
sub-rule may, on application by
the entrant, at the discretion of the
measurer, be exempted from further
examination at the event,
c) The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed
machines must be impounded for
a period of 30 minutes immediately
19 SUPERMOTO
following the event, pending any
protest, and the event result will be
provisional,
d) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
e) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
f) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed,
g) Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be
delivered to the Relevant Controlling
Body within 21 days after the event,
h) No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are
received or the expiration of 21 days
whichever occurs first.
19.11.4 Grid Positions
19.11.4.1There must be a maximum of 3 riders
per row with a minimum of 1.5 metres
between riders.
19.11.4.2There must be a minimum of 4 metres
between rows.
19.11.5Starts
19.11.5.1All competitors must, in relation to the
start of any event, comply with directions
issued by, and under the authority of, the
Starter. For such purposes the Starter, on
the instructions of a key official, may:
a) Delay a start,
b) Direct a re-start,
c) Direct a competitor to start from:
i) The back of the starting grid,
i) The pit lane,
ii) The rear of the field, or
iii) Such other position as shall be
required for the safe, fair and
orderly start of the event.
d) Exclude a competitor who is late for
the start.
19.11.5.2The method of starting will be as
prescribed by supplementary regulations.
19.11.5.3The start of an event occurs:
a) When the order to start is given, or
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19 SUPERMOTO
b) For flying starts, when the
starting line is crossed.
19.11.5.4Unless otherwise provided for in the
supplementary regulations, massed starts
must be used.
19.11.5.5Unless otherwise provided for in the
supplementary regulations, qualifying for
starting grid positions must be held.
19.11.5.6In the absence of qualifying, the Clerk
of Course must allocate starting grid
positions.
240
19.11.6Finishes
19.11.6.1
For events where speed is the
determinant:
a) A chequered flag must be displayed
to each competitor as each
crosses the line, with the flag being
displayed:
i) To the first to complete the
event, who will, subject to the
results of any protests, be the
winner, and
ii) Thereafter to each competitor
who:
• Has completed not less than
75% of the event distance,
• Is still competing in the event on
the lap in which the chequered
flag is displayed to the winner,
with the sequence of completion
of the event being the
determinant of placings.
b) The finish of the event occurs when
the flag is displayed to the last
competitor under GCR 19.11.6.1 a),
c) The finish occurs for each machine
when the foremost part of the
machine crosses the line,
d) On a solo machine the competitor
must finish the event in contact with
the machine,
e) In case of a dead heat between
competitors for a place:
i) The places and the awards for
those places will be combined,
ii) The participants in the dead heat
will share the places and awards
equally,
iii) The remaining places will be
relegated by the number of
participants in the dead heat.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
19.11.7 Juniors: Starts and Finishes
19.11.7.1In addition to the general start
requirements for all competitors, Juniors
must comply as follows:
a) Competitors may use up to 2 starting
blocks (one per side) which will
not interfere with the competitor,
or any other competitor, or their
machines up to a maximum of
100mm high and must be able to
start in the event unaided while
sitting on the machine,
b) When assembled for the start of
an event, and during the event, no
competitor may receive outside
assistance other than at the direction
of the Steward, the Clerk of Course
or the Starter,
c) Pit board signals will not be used in
Junior competition. Riders/pit crew
who fail to obey this instruction are
liable to exclusion for the duration of
the competition,
d) When the number of competitors
exceeds one full grid:
i) Elimination heats and semiFinals must be held,
ii) The Relevant Controlling Body
may direct that events be
decided by a Final or Finals,
consisting of a number of
rounds.
19.11.8 Stopping Events
19.11.8.1Where an incident causes an event to be
stopped, the Steward or Clerk of Course
may declare the event complete if at
least 75% of the event distance or time,
whichever is the less, has been run.
19.11.8.2The results so declared will be based on
the placings at the finish line of the last full
lap completed before the incident but will
exclude those competitors who:
a) Caused the incident, or
b) Having been involved in the
incident could not continue in the
event.
19.11.9 Stopping and Re-Running Events
19.11.9.1The Steward or Clerk of Course who has
excluded a competitor for unfair conduct
and considers that such conduct has:
a) Given an advantage to the team of
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
which the offender is a member, or
b) In the case of a non-team event,
jeopardised the fair chances of one
or more of the other competitors in
the event,
may declare the event void and order a
re-run.
19.11.9.2If the event continues, any competitor
unable to cross the finish line as a
result of such conduct on the part of the
excluded competitor may be deemed to
have finished the race in the place:
a) Held immediately before such
conduct, or
b) Having regard to any advancement
in placing following the exclusion, in
some other place.
19.11.9.3A Steward or Clerk of Course may stop an
event and order it to be re-run if it would
be dangerous for it to continue.
19.11.9.4In any re-run:
a) Any competitor who:
i) Fell in the stopped event as a
result of having been fouled,
i) Intentionally laid down their
machine in the interests of
safety, or
ii) Left the course in the interests of
safety,
may participate.
b) Any competitor who:
i) Caused or contributed to the
event being stopped,
iii) Failed to start in,
iv) Retired from,
v) Was excluded from, or
vi) Had been lapped during the
course of the stopped event,
may not participate.
19.11.9.5Where the Steward or Clerk of Course
has stopped a race due to danger the
following will apply:
a) If no more than two laps of the
stopped race were completed:
i) The stopped race will be
declared null and void,
ii) The race may be re-run,
iii) The re-run race will be for the
full race distance,
iv) The original grid positions will be
19 SUPERMOTO
used,
v) The place of any machine
unable to take part in the re-run
race will be left vacant,
vi) Machines may be repaired
or replaced provided they
have been approved by the
Scrutineer.
b) If more than two laps, but less than
75% of the race distance, have been
completed:
i) The race may be re-started, but
only once,
ii) The re-start must occur no more
than 30 minutes after the race
has been stopped,
iii) The re-started race distance will
be equal to the balance of the
stopped race distance,
iv) Positions on the grid for the restarted race will be determined
by the order of competitors at
the finish line of the last full lap
of the stopped race,
v) Only competitors who have
completed at least 75% of
the laps completed by the
leading competitor at the time
of stopping will be permitted to
participate in the re-started race,
vi) Machines may be repaired
or replaced provided they
have been approved by the
Scrutineer,
vii) The stopped race and any re-run
will be deemed to be parts of the
one race,
viii)The winner will be the competitor
having the highest number of
laps at the finish,
ix) Where two or more competitors
complete the same number of
laps the winning order will be
determined by the time taken by
each to complete those laps,
x) If at least 75% of the scheduled
race distance is completed full
points will be awarded,
xi) If less than 75% of the
scheduled race distance is
completed half points will be
awarded.
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19 SUPERMOTO
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
19.11.9.6If the race is interrupted after the
chequered flag, the following procedure
will apply:
a) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the last lap of the race.
b) For all the riders to whom the
chequered flag was not shown
before the interruption, a partial
classification will be established at
the end of the penultimate lap of the
race.
c) The complete classification will be
established by combining both partial
classifications as per the lap/time
procedure.
19.11.10 Jump Starts
19.11.10.1If the front wheel spindle of the motorcycle
crosses the line which marks the front of
that riders’ starting position on the grid
before the red light goes out, this will be
considered as a jump start.
19.11.10.2Upon the recommendation of the Clerk
of Course, a board reading “Jump Start”
together with the rider’s number will be
displayed at the start/finish line to a rider
who committed the jumped start.
19.11.10.3 The penalty for a jump start is a mandatory
15 seconds to be added to the infringing
rider(s) time(s).
19.11.11 Scoring
19.11.11.1All races will be scored using the scoring
system below:
242
PLACE
POINTS
PLACE
POINTS
1
25
11
10
2
22
12
9
3
20
13
8
4
18
14
7
5
16
15
6
6
15
16
5
7
14
17
4
8
13
18
3
9
12
19
2
10
11
20
1
19.11.11.2An alternative points scoring system may
be approved for an MA series or event.
19.11.11.3If a tie on points occurs for any position
in an event which is conducted over more
than one leg, the tying competitor who
has the higher finishing position in the
final leg of the event will be awarded the
position.
19.11.11.4If a tie on points occurs for any position in
a series, the tying competitor who has the
greatest number of higher placings in the
series will be awarded the position.
19.11.12 Change of Machine during a
Competition
19.11.12.1 During any competition, other than an
attempt at a record, no machine may be
exchanged for another unless permitted
under these Rules or any supplementary
regulations.
19.11.13 Radio Communication
19.11.13.1Radio communications with riders is not
allowed, and will be classed as outside
assistance.
SECTION 19D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
19.12 SOUND EMISSIONS
19.12.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
19.13FUEL
19.13.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
19.14 ENGINES
19.14.1 Reciprocating Engines
19.14.1.1The formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
19.14.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
19.14.2.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class may not
exceed the prescribed capacity for that
class by more than 2%.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
19.15 FRAMES AND PARTS
19.15.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
19.15.1General
19.15.1.1Plugs or caps which, if removed, permit
the discharge of any lubricating, cooling
or hydraulic fluids, must be wire-locked
or otherwise secured in the tightened
position in a manner approved by the
Scrutineer.
19.15.1.2Lock wiring used on oil and water filler
caps and drain plugs must be visible.
19.15.1.3Where flexible oil lines other than those
supplied as standard equipment by the
original machine manufacturer are used,
they must incorporate high pressure hose
secured by high pressure connections. Worm drive hose clamps may not be
used.
19.15.1.4All hoses must be securely fitted and
guarded to prevent contact with:
a) The ground,
b) Tyres or other moving parts over the
full movement of the suspension.
19.15.1.5Only single or twin cylinder engines may
be used.
19.15.1.6On all engines, an oil catch tank of 300cc
minimum, properly fastened, or a closed
breather system must be installed.
19.15.1.7The only liquid coolants permitted are is
water and non-glycol coolants. Glycol
and coolants manufactured with glycol
are not allowed.
19.15.1.8Lubricating, cooling and hydraulic
fluid levels must be maintained within
manufacturers’ specifications.
19.15.1.9A non-return valve must be fitted to the
tank breather.
19.15.2 Fuel Tanks
19.15.2.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
19 SUPERMOTO
petrol or fuel container material.
19.15.3 Exhaust Systems
19.15.3.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread.
19.15.4 Centre and Side Stands
19.15.4.1Centre and side stands must be removed
for all types of competition in Supermoto.
19.15.5Footrests
19.15.5.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear.
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
19.15.6Handlebars
19.15.6.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
19.15.6.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
19.15.6.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
19.15.7 Junior Handlebars
19.15.7.185cc 2-stroke and 150cc 4-stroke solo
handlebars must be securely plugged and
have no greater width than 800mm.
19.15.8 Kick Start Levers
19.15.8.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
19.15.9 Drive Chain Protection
19.15.9.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
19.15.9.2A chain guard made of suitable material
must be fitted in a way to prevent trapping
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19 SUPERMOTO
between the lower drive chain run and the
final drive sprocket at the rear wheel.
19.15.9.3Projecting sprockets, which are not behind
a clutch assembly or directly behind a
frame member, must be guarded.
19.15.10Tyres
19.15.10.1Knobby tyres are not permitted.
19.15.10.2Additional cuts and/or grooves may be
made to tyres.
19.15.11Rims
19.15.11.1 Any rim size can be used in all classes.
19.15.12 Brakes
19.15.12.1A pin or locknut must be fitted to the brake
pad fixture. The safety wire used on the
brake caliper bolts must be visible.
19.15.13 Hand Protectors
19.15.13.1If hand protectors are used, they must be
of a shatter proof material.
SECTION 19E: MINIMOTARD
19.16
COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS/
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
Senior
Up to 85cc 2-stroke,
Up to 160cc 4-stroke &
Up to 1.5kw Electric
Junior
9 to Under 16
Up to 85cc 2-stroke,
Up to 150cc 4-stroke &
Up to 1.5kw Electric
19.17
COMPETITION RULES
19.17.1 Grid Positions
19.17.1.1There must be a maximum of 3 5 riders
per row with a minimum of 1 metre
between the riders; and
19.17.1.2There must be a minimum of 2 metres
between rows.
19.17.1.3No more than 30 riders may participate in
each race.
19.17.1.4Junior riders (under 16 years) cannot
compete with Senior riders.
19.18ENGINES
19.18.1 As per GCR 19.14 plus:
19.18.1.1Lock wiring used on oil and water filler
caps and drain plugs must be visible.
19.18.1.2A non-return valve must be fitted to the
tank breather pipe. which must discharge
into a catch tank with a minimum capacity
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
of 100cc.
19.18.1.3Minimotards may have manual or
automatic gearboxes.
19.18.1.4Minimotards must be fitted with a hose
running from the crankcase breather into
a catch tank with a minimum capacity of
200cc.
19.19
FRAMES AND PARTS
19.19.0.1 Must be a Motard designed bike, no road
race type bikes allowed.
19.19.0.2Handlebar levers must have ball ends
with a minimum diameter of 10mm.
19.19.0.2Foot pegs must be covered in plastic,
rubber or nylon.
19.19.0.3Electric bikes must be fitted with
an effective ignition cut-out switch
operating on the primary circuit
secured to the handlebars and
attached by a lanyard to the rider’s
wrist while the machine is in operation
such that a separation of the machine
and rider will activate the ignition cutout circuit.
19.19.1 Wheels and Tyres
19.19.1.1 Knobby tyres are permitted.
19.19.1.2 Treaded road tyres or slicks may be used.
19.19.1.3Maximum wheel size 12” diameter.
19.19.2 Brakes
19.19.2.1Front brake caliper bolts must be lock
wired.
19.19.2.2A pin or locknut must be fitted to the brake
pad fixture. The safety wire used on the
brake caliper bolts must be visible.
19.19.2.3Brakes may be cable or hydraulically
operated.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
20TRIAL
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 246
SECTION 20A: AUSTRALIAN CHAMPIONSHIPS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.1 CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR AUSTRALIAN TRIAL CHAMPIONSHIPS..
20.2 CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR AUSTRALIAN TRIAL CHAMPIONSHIPS ..
20.3 CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND TROPHIES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
..
246
246
246
246
SECTION 20B: COMPETITION CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 247
20.4 SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES AND GRADES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 247
20.5 JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. . 247
SECTION 20C: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 20.6 ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.7 ELIGIBILITY: JUNIOR.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.8 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.10 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.11 MEETING PROTOCOLS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
247
247
248
248
248
249
SECTION 20D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
20.12 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.13FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
20.14ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
20.15 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
253
253
253
253
253
SECTION 20E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS: CLASSIC AND SIDECARS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 254
20.16 CLASSIC TRIAL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 254
20.17SIDECARS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 255
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APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The Rules set out in this chapter are for Trial.
Everything that is not authorised and prescribed in
this chapter is strictly prohibited.
SECTION 20A: AUSTRALIAN
CHAMPIONSHIPS
20.0.0.1 It is recommended that the Australian Trial
Championship each year be conducted
by 31st August of that year.
20.0.0.1 Promoters must ensure that the standards
of sections must provide for all levels of
competitor in each class.
20.0.0.2
At all Australian Championships
competitors must place an MA supplied
logo on the front number plate of their
machines.
20.0.0.2 For the Australian Trial Championships,
only those competing for the
Championships may use the course
during the period of competition.
20.1
CATEGORIES FOR SENIOR
AUSTRALIAN TRIAL
CHAMPIONSHIPS
SENIOR TRIAL
Solo
Sidecar
Classic
Post Classic
Youth
Veteran 40 years+
Age Groups:
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
Masters
Women
Air Cooled Mono Shock
246
20.2
CATEGORIES FOR JUNIOR
AUSTRALIAN TRIAL
CHAMPIONSHIPS
CLASS/
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
Junior
7 to under 13
Up to 125cc
Junior Open
13 to under 16
Up to 125cc
Junior Women
7 to under 16
Up to 125cc
20.3
CHAMPIONSHIP MEDALLIONS AND
TROPHIES
20.3.1 Individual Competitions
20.3.1.1MA medallions will be presented to
the 1st, 2nd and 3rd riders in each
Championship solo class and the 1st,
2nd and 3rd rider and passenger in
the Championship sidecar class at all
Australian Championship meetings.
20.3.2 All Competitions
20.3.2.1 At least the first 3 place getters in any
Australian Championship event must be
awarded a sash or similar permanent
memento of the achievement by the
promoter, irrespective of MA awards.
20.3.2.2 Medallions and points will be awarded in
Australian Championships where there
are 5 or more starters.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 20B: COMPETITION CLASSES
20.4
SENIOR COMPETITION CLASSES AND GRADES
CLASS
AGE
GRADE
Open Solo
Open
May be divided into
Expert, A, B, C, and
Clubman
Open Women
Open
May be divided into A
and B
Open Sidecar
Open
May be divided into A
and B
Veteran
40 - 49
50 - 59
60 - plus
All competitors within each of these
classes will compete without handicap
Classic
Open
For machines first available to the
general public before 1965
Post Classic
(Twin Shock)
Open
For machines manufactured before
1986. The machines may not be fitted
with disc brakes or mono-shocks
Air Cooled
Mono-Shock
Open
Masters
35 - plus
No handicapping system will apply
Youth
For competitors aged
between 13 and under 21
years at the first day of the
event
This class will compete using the
Masters lines
20.5
JUNIOR COMPETITION CLASSES
CLASS/
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY
7 to under 10,
9 to under 13
Junior
Up to 125cc &
Up to 1.5Kw
13 to under 16
Junior
Up to 125cc &
Up to 10Kw
7 to under 13
Classic & Post Classic
Up to 200cc
13 to under 16
Classic & Post Classic
Open Capacity
7 to under 13
Classic & Post Classic
Women
Up to 200cc
13 to under 16
Classic & Post Classic
Women
Open Capacity
CONDITIONS
SECTION 20C: COMPETITION RULES
20.6
ELIGIBILITY: GENERAL
20.6.0.1No person may participate in any
competition, other than an Australian
Championship, unless and until that
person’s protective clothing/equipment
and machine have been examined and
approved by the Scrutineer for that
competition.
20.6.0.2 No person may participate in an Australian
Championship unless and until:
a) That person’s protective clothing/
equipment, and machine have been
examined and approved by the
Scrutineer for that meeting, or
b) If stipulated in supplementary
regulations, the person provides
the Scrutineer with a signed
checklist that the protective clothing/
equipment and machine have been
self-scrutineered.
20.6.0.3At scrutineering, competitors must
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produce documents or other evidence
as required to verify engine and frame
identity.
20.6.0.4 The onus of proving that a competitor,
and the competitor’s machine and
protective clothing/equipment, are eligible
to compete, is on the person seeking to
prove it.
20.6.0.5 Where any Rule prohibits the modification
of any machine or class of machines, that
machine or that class will be deemed to
have been modified if any part or parts
thereof have been altered from the
machine or class as manufactured by the
machine manufacturer.
20.6.0.6 In the interpretation of any Rule relating to
the design requirements for any machine
or class of machines, reference may be
made to relevant diagrams appearing in
these Rules.
20.7
ELIGIBILITY: JUNIOR
20.7.0.1Juniors only to compete in Junior
competitions.
20.7.0.2 In Junior competition,
a) A rider’s age on 1st January will
determine their age for competition
purposes for that year,
b) A rider may move to the next higher
age class when they become eligible
by reason of celebrating a birthday,
but once the rider moves to that
higher age class, they may not move
back to the lower age class,
c) Any points earned by the rider
in the lower age class cannot be
transferred when the rider moves to
the higher age class,
d) This GCR applies to all riders up to
and including the age of 16 years.
20.7.0.3 Subject to GCR 20.7.0.2, a person under
the age of 16 years may compete in Trial
in other than a Junior competition.
20.7.0.4 No person who is unable to lift his
or her machine unaided from the
horizontal to the vertical may compete
in any Junior competition.
20.7.0.5 No applicant will be issued with their first
competition licence if they are under the
age of 7 years.
20.7.0.6Unless otherwise permitted in writing
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
by the Relevant Controlling Body, for
any event there must be no greater age
variation between competitors than 4
years,
20.7.0.6 A Relevant Controlling Body may grade
Junior competitors according to their
respective skills.
20.7.1
20.7.1.1
•
•
•
•
Junior Endorsements
Endorsements will be issued for:
Up to 125cc
Up to 200cc
Trial Open Capacity
Trial Electric Bike
20.8
GENERAL RULES
20.8.1Homologation
20.8.1.1 For any competition, MA may require that
any machine, or any part of a machine,
including tyres, be homologated. For
homologation details contact MA.
20.8.2 Helmet Cameras
20.8.2.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting to
the helmet will allow the camera to detach
if impacted upon and the attachment
method must not impair the integrity or
operation of the helmet.
20.9
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
20.9.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Trial competition unless
wearing the protective clothing and
equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment.
20.10
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
20.10.1 Identification Plates
20.10.1.1Identification plates must:
a) Measure 200mm x 150mm +/-10%,
c) Have the riders name displayed on
the identification plate, using lettering
25mm high.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
20.10.1.2Identification plates may include reference
to:
a) Where a rider completed the
Australian Trial Championship in
the first 10 places in the previous
year, that riders place in the
Championship, and
b) The riders club or sponsor, providing
the background colour of the plate
remains prominent and clearly
visible.
20.10.2 Rider and Grade Identification
20.10.2.1
The following grades will have the
following identification plates:
CLASS/GRADE
PLATE BACKGROUND
COLOUR
Open Solo A grade
Red
Youth
Masters
B grade
Women
Yellow
Veterans
Post Classic
Open Junior
Air-cooled Mono shock
C grade
Women
Blue
Junior Women
Juniors 7 to under 13
Clubman
White
Sidecars - A grade
Red
Sidecars - B grade
Yellow
Classic
Black
20.11
MEETING PROTOCOLS
20.11.1General
20.11.1.1The result of a Trial or any class of Trial is
decided on the total number of points lost,
the winner being the competitor who loses
the least number of points.
20.11.1.2In the hearing and determination of any
protest or appeal arising out of a Trial,
video evidence may not be used.
20.11.1.3In the event of a tie in points, the tie is to
be broken as follows:
a) The competitor who completes the
greatest number of sections without
loss of points wins,
b) If the tie continues, the competitor
20 TRIAL
wins who completes the greatest
number of sections with the loss of 1
point, 2 points, 3 points and so on,
c) If there is still a tie, a ride-off must
take place, starting from the 1st
section at a severity level decided by
the Clerk of Course and continuing
in numerical order until the tie is
broken.
20.11.1.4Meetings may be held in the following
categories:
a)Trial,
b) No-Stop Trial,
c) Super Trial.
20.11.1.5
Unless
otherwise
stipulated
in
supplementary regulations, all meetings
will run using the Trial rules described in
GCR 20.11
20.11.2Courses
20.11.2.1Observed sections:
a) Must be clearly named or numbered,
b) Must have a clearly marked start and
finish,
c) Must have clearly marked
boundaries,
d) Must be preceded by an observed
area of the route where the
competitors are controlled,
e) Must, wherever possible, be
bounded by natural obstacles,
although artificial boundaries may
be used to define the lateral limits of
sections,
f) May be reduced in places by the
use of gates at a minimum width of
1200mm for solos and 2000mm for
sidecars.
20.11.2.2 A machine is deemed to be in an observed
section from the time the front axle passes
the “Section Begins” gate until the front
axle passes the “Section Ends” gate.
20.11.2.3Riders must attempt the sections in
sequential order. Promoter has the
ability to start individual classes at
different sections on the course.
20.11.2.4
Passage through section must be
indicated by gates which consist of:
a) Two arrows pointing inwards,
b) An arrow and a natural obstacle or
boundary,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Coloured rectangles, red for right
and white for left may be used to
indicate section outer boundaries.
20.11.2.5
The available width between two
successive gates may be limited by
means of tape which must be:
a) Placed no more than 500mm above
the ground,
b) Not inside the line of markers on the
same side.
20.11.2.6Where a section is marked by stakes they
must be:
a) Of flexible material,
b) Connected by tape placed no more
than 500mm above the ground,
c) Coloured red for right,
d) Coloured white for left.
20.11.2.7The Promoter:
a) May modify the design of a section
between the passage of the last
competitor on one lap and the first
competitor on the following lap, and
b) Must give adequate notice to
competitors of these modifications
provided that such modification will
not justify a supplementary time
allowance for the modified section to
be inspected.
20.11.3 Penalties: Competitions
20.11.3.1 The following terms have the following
respective meanings:
a) Footing occurs when:
i) Any part of the body of the
rider touches the ground and or
obstacle (tree, rock etc.) either
inside or outside of the boundary
marker or tape,
ii) Any part of the machine other
than the:
• Footrests,
• Wheels,
• Tyres,
• Engine casing,
• Frame,
• Protection plates under the
engine,
• Sidecar body, touches the
ground or an obstacle without
stopping progress of the
machine,
iii) Sliding a foot along the ground is
deemed to be footing more than
twice,
b) Stopping occurs when the machine
fails to maintain forward progress
relative to the direction of the course,
c) Dismounting occurs when the rider
has both feet on the ground, on the
same side of or behind the machine.
20.11.3.2The penalties on the following tables
apply:
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INFRINGEMENT
TRIAL
Footing once
Footing twice
Footing more than twice
Stopping without footing
Stopping whilst footing once
Footing twice whilst stopped
Footing more than twice whilst stopped
Moving backwards without footing
Moving backwards whilst footing
Moving either wheel sideways whilst stopped, without footing
The machine crosses a boundary with either wheel, that wheel being on the
ground
The machine passes the wrong side of a boundary or grade marker for a riders
own grade with either wheel, that wheel being on the ground.
The machine jumps over a boundary or marker for a riders own grade with both
wheels to avoid part of a course.
Breaking a boundary tape or dislodging a boundary marker
Riding over, touching or riding on or dislodging a grade marker for a riders own
grade.
Missing a gate or riding through a gate in the wrong direction, for a riders’ own
grade.
Rider does not have both hands on the handlebar when he foots, whilst stationary
Engine stopping whilst rider stationary and rider footing or leaning
Engine stopping whilst stationary (sidecars only)
Crossing machine tracks whilst moving forward
The handlebar of the motorcycle touches the ground
Dismounting from the machine with both feet on the ground, on the same side or
behind the machine
Any part of sidecar passenger touching ground or other obstacle
POINTS LOST
NO-STOP SUPER
TRIAL
TRIAL
1
2
3
0
1
2
3
5
5
0
5
1
2
3
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
1
2
3
0
51
52
53
0
5
0
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
5
INFRINGEMENT
POINTS LOST
ALL TRIAL
Practicing on course prior to event
Exclusion
For disorderly conduct towards an official
100
Rider or Minder arguing with an official
10
Not vacating a section after failure
10
Handing in scorecard after finish time (per minute)*
1
Handing in scorecard more than 30 minutes after finish time*
Exclusion
Losing a scorecard (per section)
5
Rider or Minder altering a section
5
Missing a section
5
Refusing to attempt a section
5
Minder obstructing or conversing with observer regarding scoring
5
The rider does not have the lanyard cut-out switch attached to the wrist while in the section
5
Late to Scrutineering (per minute)
1
* Or as detailed in the supplementary regulations
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20 TRIAL
20.11.3.3The greatest penalty incurred in a section
is the only one to be taken into account for
each competitor.
20.11.3.4A competitor who receives the maximum
five point penalty in a section must vacate
that section either:
a) At the first available opportunity, or
b) As directed by an official.
20.11.3.5A time allowance of 90 seconds is
allowed for each rider to complete each
section. Each rider who fails to complete
a section within the 90 second time
allowance will be deemed to have failed
that section. The time will start when the
rider passes the section beginning line.
The decision of the observer in charge of
this time measurement shall be deemed a
statement of fact.
Note: This rule will be applied to the
National Championships, and to all
State Championship rounds. Subject
to inclusion in the supplementary
regulations, any promoter may choose to
apply this rule to other open events.
20.11.3.6Where necessary, for Trial, organisers may
include a time limit to complete the first lap. This instruction should be included and
defined in the supplementary regulations.
20.11.4Minder
20.11.4.1Each competitor in an event may have
a Minder who, for the purposes of these
Rules, will be a competitor.
20.11.4.2A Minder must be identified as such in
accordance with the requirements of the
supplementary regulations.
20.11.5Change of Machine during a
Competition
20.11.5.1During any competition, no machine
may be exchanged for another unless
permitted under these Rules or any
supplementary regulations.
20.11.6 Radio Communication
20.11.6.1Radio communications with riders is
allowed in Trial.
20.11.7 Measurement at Meetings
20.11.7.1A Steward of a meeting may direct the
measurement of the capacity of the
engine of any machine, to be carried out
at the conclusion of the meeting. Until the
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
measurement is completed the machine
must remain under the control of the
Relevant Controlling Body.
20.11.7.2If an engine is measured at the request of
a rider or entrant, that rider or entrant is
liable for the cost of the measurement.
20.11.8 Measurement: Australian and State
Championship Events
20.11.8.1All machines must have provision for the
placement of sealing wire.
20.11.8.2An entrant may request that the entrant’s
machine be measured and sealed before
the event. As soon as practicable after
receiving the request the measurer for
the event must measure and seal the
machine. Any machine examined under
this sub-rule may, on application by the
entrant, at the discretion of the measurer,
be exempted from further examination at
the event.
20.11.8.3 The 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th placed machines
must be impounded for a period of 30
minutes immediately following the event,
pending any protest, and the event result
will be provisional,
a) At the conclusion of that period, if no
protest is received, the result will be
final,
b) If the machines are to be ridden in
another event within that period,
they must be sealed before being
returned to the competitor for that
event,
c) If no protest is received within that
period, the seals may be removed,
20.11.8.4Any machine sealed as the result of
a protest may only be measured by
a measurer. All measurer’s reports,
together with the seals, must be delivered
to the Relevant Controlling Body within 21
days after the event,
20.11.8.5No prize monies may be paid until
measurer’s reports and seals are received
or the expiration of 21 days whichever
occurs first.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 20D: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
20.12
SOUND EMISSIONS
20.12.0.1Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
20.13FUEL
20.13.0.1Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
20.14ENGINES
20.14.1 Reciprocating Engines
20.14.1.1The Formula for calculation of capacities
and classes:
Cubic capacity = (D2 x 3.1416 x C x N)
4
Where:
D = Bore in centimetres
C = Stroke in centimetres
N = Number of cylinders
20.14.2 Engine Capacity Tolerances
20.14.2.1The actual engine capacity of a machine
competing in a capacity class may not
exceed the prescribed capacity for that
class by more than 2%.
20.15
FRAMES AND PARTS
20.15.0.1 The use of titanium in the construction
of the frame, the front forks, the
handlebars, the swinging arm, the
swinging arm spindles and the wheel
spindles, is forbidden unless OEM. The
use of light alloys for wheel spindles is
also forbidden unless OEM. The use of
titanium alloy nuts and bolts is allowed.
20.15.1 Fuel Tanks
20.15.1.1Fuel tanks may be constructed from any
material that has been approved by the
Australian Standards Association as a
petrol or fuel container material.
20.15.2Tyres
20.15.2.1Tyres must comply with the following:
a) Metal studs, spikes, chain, rope or
other non-skid attachments and
paddle or scoop treaded tyres may
not be used unless permitted by the
relevant supplementary regulations.
b) Treads on tyres must be at least
1mm deep on any part of the tyre
20 TRIAL
that comes in contact with the
ground.
20.15.3 Tyre Types
20.15.3.1With the exception of mini-bikes and the
sidecar tyres of sidecars, tyres must be of
a Trial Universal pattern on all machines.
20.15.4 Ignition Cut-Out Switch
20.15.4.1All machines must be fitted with an effective
ignition cut-out switch operating on the
primary circuit secured to the handlebars
and attached by a lanyard to the rider’s
wrist while the machine is in operation
such that a separation of the machine and
rider will activate the ignition cut-out circuit.
20.15.5 Design and Dimensions
20.15.5.1When brake cam arms or levers are of
open or hooked type, the brake actuating
rod or cable must be secured so as to
prevent accidental dislodgement.
20.15.6 Centre and Side Stands
20.15.6.1Centre and side stands may remain on
machines for Trial.
20.15.6.2Centre and side stands must be secured
in the closed position.
20.15.7 Kick Start Levers
20.15.7.1Kick start levers, other than transverse,
must be folding.
20.15.8Mudguards
20.15.8.1Either a rear mudguard or a seat must be
fitted which extends at least 20 degrees
to the rear of a vertical line drawn through
the rear wheel axle.
20.15.8.2Mudguards must be made of a material,
which is not liable to cause personal injury
if deformed.
20.15.9Footrests
20.15.9.1Footrests must:
a) Be well rounded and designed so as
to ensure that no dangerous edges
are created due to wear.
b) Not touch the ground at lean unless
they are hinged or pivoted and
controlled by a return spring.
20.15.10Handlebars
20.15.10.1The ends of the handlebars or twist grip
sleeves must be securely plugged so as
to present a flush or rounded end.
253
20 TRIAL
20.15.10.2Handlebar levers must:
a) Have ball ends with a minimum
diameter of:
i) 15mm, for levers longer than
76mm,
ii) 10mm, for levers shorter than
76mm.
b) Measure no more than 200mm from
the fulcrum to the extremity of the
ball.
20.15.10.3Throttle controls must be self-closing.
20.15.11 Drive Chain Protection
20.15.11.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so as
to prevent direct access to the chain or
sprockets with the fingers.
20.15.11.2 The guard must be constructed of:
a) Metal having a minimum thickness
of 1.6mm, which may be mesh
or expanded metal provided the
openings do not exceed 10mm, or
b) Fibreglass having a minimum
thickness of 3mm.
20.15.11.3 If a plastic, fibreglass or part open chain
guard is used, a steel bolt of not less
than 10mm diameter, placed outside
the bottom rear quadrant of the clutch
sprocket. This bolt, if damaged, must be
replaced.
20.15.11.4Projecting sprockets, which are not
behind a clutch assembly or directly
behind a frame member, must be guarded
where the sprocket teeth are further than
30mm from a frame member or swinging
arm.
20.15.11.5A counter shaft sprocket which is more
than 30mm from the outside of the swing
arm pivot, must be covered.
20.15.11.6 A chain guard must be fitted in a way to
prevent trapping between the lower drive
chain run and the final drive sprocket at
the rear wheel.
20.15.12 Exhaust Systems
20.15.12.1Exhaust systems must:
a) Be fitted with silencers,
b) Terminate at a point not more than
25mm beyond the rear extremity of
the rear tyre tread,
c) Be attached as closely as practicable
to the machine and in a manner
254
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
that does not, in the opinion of the
Scrutineer, create a hazard to other
competitors,
d) Where separate silencers are fitted,
have a minimum of two mountings
or locking screws on all machines
which have a capacity in excess of
85cc,
e) Where silencers are re-packable,
have safety wired securing bolts.
SECTION 20E: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS:
CLASSIC AND SIDECARS
20.16
CLASSIC TRIAL
20.16.1Eligibility
20.16.1.1The eligibility and dating of Classic
Motorcycles shall be considered in terms
of major and minor components and the
period of the motorcycle shall be the
period of the latest major component. The
responsibility for proving eligibility is on
the individual seeking approval.
20.16.1.2Major components are:
a) All engine and gearbox external
castings,
b)Frames,
c)Brakes,
d) Wheel hubs, and
e)Forks.
20.16.1.3
Major
components
that
were
manufactured outside the period, but
which are visually indistinguishable from
period components shall be eligible for
that period.
20.16.1.4All other components shall be considered
as minor components.
20.16.1.5Minor components may be modified
or updated provided that they remain
visually compatible with the period being
depicted.
20.16.1.6For the purposes of determining eligibility
machines are categorised as follows:
a) Pre 1965:
i) Manufactured before 31st
December 1964,
b) Pre 1965 Heavyweight Solo:
i) Non-unit construction engines
with an original capacity of over
250cc, or
20 TRIAL
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ii) Unit construction engines with
an original capacity of over
350cc.
c) Pre 1965 Lightweight Solo:
i) Non-unit construction engines
with an original capacity of
250cc or less,
ii) Unit construction engines with
an original capacity of 350cc or
less.
d)Special
i) Machines first available to the
general public before 1 January
1968,
ii) Any such machines that have
been modified to provide the
ground clearance or chassis
performance consistent with the
Post Classic era,
iii) D10/14 Bantam, BSA C15F/G,
M10 Bultaco, and aftermarketframed machines are eligible for
this category (not Pre 1965).
e) Post Classic (Twin Shock):
i) For models designed and first
manufactured between 1st
January 1965 to 31st December
1986,
ii) Disc brake models are not
eligible.
20.17SIDECARS
20.17.1 Design and Dimensions
20.17.1.1There must be a platform and nose cone
or platform and front plates with the
following dimensions:
a) Overall length must be at least
775mm,
b) The wheel track must be at least
750mm,
c) The nose cone or front plate must
be at least 200mm wide and 200mm
high at the rear. The nose cone
must taper to at least 100mm at the
front,
d) The width from the rear of the nose
cone to the rear of the sidecar must
be at least 200mm,
e) The inner sideboard of the platform
must be either 130mm high or
there must be a gap of no more
than 50mm between the sideboard
and any adjacent point on the
motorcycle.
20.17.1.2The sidecar and machine wheels, if
exposed, must be valanced on the inside.
20.17.1.3Passenger grab rails, handles and straps
may be fitted.
20.17.1.4Sidecar wheel drive is prohibited.
20.17.1.5Efficient brakes must be fitted to the front
and rear wheels.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21
MINIKHANA
CHAPTER CONTENTS
Application of Chapter .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 257
SECTION 21A: MINIKHANA CLASSES .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 257
21.1 SENIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 257
21.2 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 257
256
SECTION 21B: COMPETITION RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 21.3 RIDER GRADING .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.4 GENERAL RULES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.5 PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND HELMETS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.6 MACHINE AND RIDER IDENTIFICATION.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.7 RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
257
257
258
258
258
258
SECTION 21C: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.8 SOUND EMISSIONS .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.9FUEL.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.10ENGINES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.11 FRAMES AND PARTS.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.12 JUNIOR CLASSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
261
261
261
261
261
262
SECTION 21D: MINIKHANA COURSES.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.13 BASIC COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.14 ORANGE COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.15LOOPING .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.16 RING RETURN COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.17 BENDING COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.18 RING BENDING COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.19 SLOW COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.20 CLOVER COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.21 NO FOOTING CLOVER COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.22 START AND PARK COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.23 O RING RELAY COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.24 ACCELERATION AND BRAKING COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.25 MINICROSS COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.26 MINI TRIAL COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. ..
21.27 MINI ENDURO COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.28 FIGURE 8 COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.29 RING CLOVER COURSE.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
21.30 NO FOOTING RING CLOVER COURSE .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .
263
263
263
264
264
265
266
266
267
268
268
268
268
269
270
270
271
272
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21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPLICATION OF CHAPTER
The following Minikhana rules are written to
facilitate the organisation of uniform, safe and fair
competitions.
The express purpose of Minikhana motorcycling
is the development of riding skills and techniques
for junior competitors by providing an organised
competition, where skill, rather than speed is the
determining factor.
SECTION 21A: MINIKHANA CLASSES
21.1
SENIOR CLASSES
21.2
JUNIOR CLASSES
21.1.0.1 All Senior riders can ride in the Senior
Combined 85cc/100cc 2-stroke or 150cc
4-stroke Small Wheel and Big Wheel
class.
AGE RANGE
CAPACITY/CLASS
4 to under 9
50cc Demo
(Non-competitive)
7 to under 11
50cc Auto
7 to under 16
Mini Wheels
7 to under 16
65cc
9 to under 16
85cc 2-stroke & 150cc
4-stroke (Small Wheel)
12 to under 16
85cc/100cc 2-stroke & 150cc
4-stroke (Big Wheel)
21.2.0.6 Combining riders of the 85cc 2-stroke or
150cc 4-stroke Small Wheel and Junior
Big Wheel 85cc/100cc 2-stroke or 150cc
4-stroke classes with the same grade is
permitted only for club competition when
there are insufficient riders to constitute
a grade(s) or a reasonable level of
competition.
SECTION 21B: COMPETITION RULES
21.3
RIDER GRADING
21.3.0.1 Senior competitors can only compete in
the Senior Combined class.
21.3.0.2 The Junior Big Wheel class A grade shall
be the premier grade and shall compete
in the final event of the meeting unless
directed otherwise by the Clerk of the
Course.
21.3.0.3 Competitors will be graded within the
following classes:
• 50cc Demo (Non-competitive)
• 50cc Auto
• Mini Wheel
• 65cc
• 85cc 2-stroke or 150cc 4-stroke Small
Wheel
• Junior Big Wheel 85cc/100cc 2-stroke or
150cc 4-stroke
• Senior Combined 85cc/100cc 2-stroke
or 150cc 4-stroke Small Wheel and Big
Wheel.
21.3.0.4 50cc Non-competitive class and Senior
Combined classes will not be graded.
All other competitors will commence in C
grade of the relevant class.
21.3.0.5 Grading of competitors is utilised instead
of grouping. Age differences of more than
4 years is acceptable.
21.3.0.6 A competitor may be instructed to move
up a grade temporarily by the State
Controlling Body Grading Officer in the
case of an Inter-club or Championship
meeting, or by the club Grading Officer
for a Closed-to-club meeting to ensure
each grade has the required number
of starters. Such temporary grading
changes shall be effective for only that
meeting. Points earned during temporary
grading changes shall be accredited to
the competitor’s accumulated tally for the
competitor’s official grade and shall be 17
points for 2nd place and 12 points for 3rd
place. The minimum number of riders to
constitute a grade shall be four.
21.3.0.7 Grading books will be available on all
competition days.
21.3.0.8 After each Inter-club or Championship
meeting competitors will be upgraded
257
21 MINIKHANA
within the competitors class as follows:
a) Riders who place 1st or 2nd overall
in C grade will be upgraded to B
grade within that class,
b) Riders who place 1st overall in B
grade will be up graded to A grade
within that class,
c) Riders who place 3rd overall in
C grade or B grade will receive 9
grading points,
d) Riders who place 2nd overall in B
grade will receive 12 grading points,
e) Once a rider accumulates 21
grading points they will be moved up
one grade within that class. Once
upgraded they will commence in the
new grade with 0 grading points.
21.3.0.9 When a rider goes from Mini Wheel to a
65cc the rider will drop one grade and if a
rider goes from Mini Wheel to any Junior
85cc 2-stroke or 85/100cc 2-stroke or
150cc 4-stroke the rider will commence
in C grade. Any 65cc rider going to Mini
Wheel class must ride at the equivalent
grade.
21.3.0.10When a rider who has ridden in the
85cc 2-stroke or 150cc 4-stroke Small
Wheel class goes to Junior Big Wheel
85cc/100cc 2-stroke or 150cc 4-stroke
class, they must ride at the equivalent
grade.
21.3.0.11When a rider who has ridden in any 50cc
class goes up to any other class the rider
will commence the new class in C grade.
21.3.0.12When a rider goes from the 65cc class
to any 85cc/100cc 2-stroke or 150cc
4-stroke class the rider will drop one
grade.
21.4
GENERAL RULES
21.4.1 Helmet Cameras
21.4.1.1 Cameras may be fitted to the motorcycle
provided they are securely mounted.
Camera mounts are subject to approval
by the Chief Scrutineer. Helmet cameras
are not permitted unless the camera is
integrated into the helmet, by design
of the manufacturer. Helmet cameras
may be fitted providing the mounting to
the helmet will allow the camera to detach
if impacted upon and the attachment
258
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
method must not impair the integrity or
operation of the helmet.
21.5
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND
HELMETS
21.5.0.1No competitor may practice, start or
compete in any Minikhana competition
unless wearing the protective clothing
and equipment as outlined in Appendix A:
Protective Clothing and Equipment:
21.6
MACHINE AND RIDER
IDENTIFICATION
21.6.1 Rider Identification
21.6.1.1 All competitors must wear an approved
riding vest or jersey with club and rider
number identification as an outer garment.
21.6.2 Minikhana Number Plates
21.6.2.1 The background and figure colour on the
front and side number plates (the size
of which will be as per manufacturer’s
specification) for each grade within a
class, except for the Senior Combined
and Demonstration class, will be as
follows:
CLASS/GRADE
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
A Grade
Yellow
Black
B Grade
Red
White
C Grade
White
Black
21.6.2.2For the Senior Combined class and
Demonstration class, the colours will be
as follows:
CLASS
BACKGROUND
COLOUR
FIGURE
COLOUR
Demonstration
Green
White
Senior Combined
Black
White
21.7
RACE MEETING PROTOCOLS
21.7.0.1 A machine may only be ridden by one
rider during a meeting and may not be
substituted for another.
21.7.0.2 Placings can only be achieved by the
correct completion of an event.
21.7.1 Flags and Signals
21.7.1.1 The minimum dimensions of all flags must
be 500mm x 500mm.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.7.1.2 Track flags and signals as per Appendix
B: Flags and Signals.
21.7.1.3 The national flag signifying the start of an
event may be replaced by:
a) A light signal,
b) A starting tape,
c) A rubber band, or
d) A dropping gate.
21.7.1.4 Competitors who do not obey flag signals
will be excluded from the event.
21.7.2Scoring
21.7.2.1 For Open, Inter-club or Championship
meetings, points will be awarded as listed
below:
a) Club: the club amassing the highest
score using the table below will be
the winning club;
i) Club points are allocated to
the club for which the rider
nominates when entering the
meeting. The points are only
allocated for finishing 1st, 2nd
or 3rd overall in a grade for that
particular meeting,
b) Individual: the competitors amassing
the highest point score in each grade
shall be the winner of that grade for
that particular meeting.
ii) Individual points set out in the
table below are allocated to a
competitor for finishing 1st, 2nd
or 3rd in an individual event.
PLACING
CLUB POINTS
INDIVIDUAL
POINTS
1st
3 points
17 points
2nd
2 points
12 points
3rd
1 point
9 points
21 MINIKHANA
of the Start/Finish line facing towards the
course.
21.7.3.2 All starts shall be flag starts.
21.7.3.3 Minicross starts may be by mechanical
means.
21.7.3.4 Footing areas shall be on the start/finish
line side of marker 1 and on the opposite
side for all other markers.
21.7.3.5 Unless otherwise stated, only the left foot
may be used when footing permitted.
21.7.3.6 Start and finish of an event is deemed to
be when:
a) The front axle crosses the start line,
and
b) The front axle crosses the finish line.
21.7.3.7 Competitors are to stop competing and
remain stationary when shown the black
flag except in the case of Minicross where
the competitor must stop competing and
return to the starting area in a safe manner
following the direction of the track. The
marshal will display the black flag until
acknowledged by the event controller.
21.7.3.8 Competitors must be informed of faults
when reported by either the flag marshal
or an official at the time the fault occurs
if the competitor indicates to the flag
marshal or Official that they are uncertain
of what fault(s) has occurred.
21.7.3.9 A minimum of four lanes will be available
per each event area. Competitors are to
draw for lanes.
21.7.3.10The number of heats will be maximised to
ensure maximum amount of competitors
compete in the Final while not unduly
increase the total number of heats.
21.7.3.11The official of the event shall advise each
competitor of successful completion of the
course.
21.7.2.2 For other than Trial, ties for 1st or 2nd will
be resolved by a run-off between the tied
competitors. Trial will be resolved by a
count back. Competitors tied for 3rd will
each be awarded 3rd place.
21.7.2.3 For all other events the method of scoring
will be as prescribed in supplementary
regulations.
21.7.3Starts
21.7.3.1 All starts shall be from the right hand end
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21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.7.3.12Use the following table to calculate numbers of riders in heats:
260
TOTAL NUMBER OF
RIDERS
NUMBER IN HEATS
4
+4
5
+3
+2
6
+2
+2
+2
7
+3
+2
+2
8
+2
+2
+2
+2
9
+3
+2
+2
+2
10
+3
+3
+2
+2
11
+3
+3
+3
+2
12
+3
+3
+3
+3
13
+4
+3
+3
+3
14
+4
+4
+3
+3
15
+4
+4
+4
+3
16
+4
+4
+4
+4
17
+2
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
18
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
19
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
20
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
21
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
22
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
23
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
24
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
25
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
26
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
27
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
+3
28
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
+3
29
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
30
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
31
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
32
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
33
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
+3
34
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
35
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
36
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
37
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
+3
38
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+3
39
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
3+
40
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
+4
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.7.3.13Competitors must complete the course to
win the event:
a) If all competitors in a Final fault, one
re-run must occur and if the re-run
is unsuccessfully completed by
all competitors then the reverse
order of faults shall determine all
places where the last competitor to
fault shall be declared the winner,
second last to fault is second, and
third last to fault is third,
b) If there are insufficient competitors
for more than one heat then the heat
will be deemed to be the Final. There
will be no re-runs if all riders fault.
Only riders successfully completing
the course can place in the event.
Riders must complete the course to
gain a place.
21.7.4Fault
21.7.4.1 Fault, as defined by elimination faults for
each event:
a) Competitors making more than two
false starts in an event shall be
eliminated,
b) Only successful completion of
an event will allow competitors to
progress to the next round,
c) Allowing front axle to cross into the
footing area of a marker already
completed will be deemed to have
not followed the course procedure,
d) Only competitors having been
equally placed in their heat/semifinals may compete against each
other in a Final (that is, 1st v 1st, 2nd
v 2nd and so on).
SECTION 21C: TECHNICAL REGULATIONS
21.8
SOUND EMISSIONS
20.8.0.1 Sound testing must be carried out as
per Appendix C: Sound Emissions &
Fuel.
21.9
FUEL
21.9.0.1 Fuel for all machines must be as per
Appendix C: Sound Emissions & Fuel.
21.10 ENGINES
21.10.0.1The maximum capacity of any engine
in Minikhana is 100cc 2-stroke or 150cc
4-stroke.
21.11
FRAMES AND PARTS
21.11.1General
21.11.1.1All machines must remain standard with
the manufacturer’s specifications with the
exception of:
a) Exhaust system,
b)Gearing,
c) Carburettor jetting,
d)Plastics,
e)Handlebars,
f) Rear shock absorber(s).
21.11.1.2All glass and plastic lenses shall be either
removed or covered with a fabric backed
tape.
21.11.1.3Front and rear mudguards to be fitted.
21.11.2 Drive Chain Protection
21.11.2.1Primary drives (the drive connecting
engine to clutch) must be guarded so
as to prevent direct access to the chain
or sprockets with the fingers.
21.11.2.2A chain guard must be fitted in a way
to prevent trapping between the lower
drive chain run and the final drive
sprocket at the rear wheel.
21.11.3Brakes
21.11.2.1Efficient brakes must be fitted as per
manufacturer’s specifications.
21.11.2.2When the brake arm or lever is of the
open or hooked type, the brake actuating
rod or cable must be secured so as to
prevent accidental dislodgment.
21.11.4Handlebars
21.11.3.1An ignition cut out switch, operating on
the primary circuit must be fitted to the
handlebars in an accessible position.
21.11.3.2Handlebar pads must be fitted over
crossbar or handlebar mounting clamp.
21.11.3.3
Handlebar ends must be securely
plugged.
21.11.3.4Handlebar lever protectors, where fitted,
must be single mounted.
21.11.5Wheels
21.11.4.1Wheel sizes:
CLASS
FRONT
REAR
Miniwheel
14”
12”
Standard Wheel
17”
14”
Big Wheel
19”
16”
261
21 MINIKHANA
21.12
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
JUNIOR CLASSES
21.12.1 50cc Demo Class Machines
21.12.1.1Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type,
c) Wheels as per GCR 12.27.2 must be
fitted.
21.12.2 50cc Auto Class Machines
21.12.2.1Eligible Machines are (for all Open
events):
MANUFACTURER
MODEL(s)
Cobra
King CX50, CX50FWE
Gas Gas
EC 50
HM
CRX 10/10 Senior, Baja
10/10, X3R
Husqvarna
Husky Boy SF03, CR50
Italjet
Action Outlaw
KTM
SXR PRO SNR, 50SX, SXR
PRO JNR, 50 SX 2009
LEM
RX3, RX3 2008, LX2F-USA,
CR2, CR2S
Malagutti
RCX10
Polini
XR3
TM
50 C1
Metrakit
MKX50
YCF
50A
and similar machines approved by Board.
21.12.2.2Machine Requirements:
a) Engine capacity must not exceed
50cc,
b) The gearbox must have one gear,
c) External gearing may be altered,
262
d) The clutch must be of centrifugal
type, and of OEM type,
e) Wheels as per GCR 12.24.2 must be
fitted,
f) All machines must remain standard
to the OEM specifications for the
model. Only the following items may
be modified:
i)Colour,
ii)Seat,
iii)Mudguards,
iv)Handlebars,
v)Grips,
vi)Levers,
vii)Cables,
viii)Chains,
ix) Tyre brand and tread pattern,
x) Carburettor jets
g) The frame of a machine may be
gusseted and strengthened but not
so as to alter the geometry of the
frame,
h) Throttle limiting devices may be
removed,
i) A separate kill switch may be
installed in place of the standard,
j) Steel serrated foot pegs may replace
standard rubber pegs,
k) Handlebars must be securely
plugged. The width of handlebars
must be not less than 600mm and
not more than 850mm,
l) Aftermarket exhaust systems and
silencers are permitted.
21.12.3 Electric Machines
21.12.3.1Electric machines may compete with
comparable sized machines in Junior
competition using the following table:
CLASS
APPROX. POWER
OUTPUT
ELECTRIC WHEEL SIZE
EQUIVALENT SIZE
[Standard Motorcyles Wheel]
50cc Auto/Demo
Up to 0.75 Kw
12.5”
(Rim Bead Diameter 203mm)
8”
50cc Auto/Demo
0.75 to 1 Kw
16”
(Rim Bead Diameter 305mm)
12”
65cc
1 to 1.5 Kw
20”
(Rim Bead Diameter 396mm)
14.5”
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
SECTION 21D: MINIKHANA COURSES
21.13
BASIC COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.13.0.1The basic course layout for one competitor
will cover an area of 4 metres by 16.5
metres.
21.13.0.2The side and end boundary of the course
shall be marked with lane tape or rope.
21.13.0.3Traffic cones (witches hats) will be used
as the required markers placed along
the centre line of the course at 2.7 metre
spacings.
A = Footing area for marker 2, 3, 4, 5
D = 3.0 metres
B = Footing area for marker 1
F = 4 metres
C = 2.7 metres
G= 16.5 metres
Note: There shall be 500mm between event areas.
F= 4m
E= 1.83m E= 1.83m
C= 2.7m
A= Footing
area for
marker 2,3,4,5
B= Footing
area for
marker 1
21.14
ORANGE COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.14.1 Orange Course Procedure
21.14.1.1Competitor starts at the Start line and
keeping traffic cone markers to his / her
left circles marker 5, returns to pass
marker 1 and then continues to pass
marker 1.
21.14.1.2This is repeated reducing the course
length by 1 marker per circuit until after
circling marker 1 the competitor then
continues to cross the finish line.
21.14.1.3Unlimited footing with the left foot is
permitted.
21.14.1.4In case of machine stalling, the competitor
may re-start the engine ensuring only the
left foot makes contact with the ground.
21.14.1.5The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.14.1.6The competitor who had the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of events.
A
21.14.2 Orange Course Elimination
21.14.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching markers or tapes,
b) Footing with the right foot,
c) Removing both hands from
handlebars,
d) Not straddling machine,
e) Failing to follow course procedure,
f) Crossing the start / finish line before
course is completed,
g) Front axle passing into defined
footing area of previously rounded
marker.
2
V- Slot to accept
150 mm rubber ring
A
NOTE:
There shall
be 500mm
between
event
areas
C= 2.7m
5
A
G= 16.5m
C= 2.7m
4
A
C= 2.7m
3
C= 2.7m
25mm P.V.C. pipe
450mm - 500mm
Witch’s hat
D= 3m
B
Start
Finish
Basic Course
not drawn to scale
760mm
1
Witch’s Hat
263
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.15LOOPING
Flag
21.15.1 Looping Course and Procedure
21.15.1.1This uses the same course and riding
procedure as the Orange event with the
exception that footing is not permitted.
21.15.1.2Competitors who stall their machine may
re-start provided that neither foot makes
contact with the ground.
21.15.1.3Competitors will also be eliminated if
either foot makes any contact with the
ground.
21.15.1.4Finishing order will be achieved as in the
Orange event.
Marshall
5
21.16
3
2
1
Finish
Finish
Start
Orange
not drawn to scale
264
RING RETURN COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.16.0.1This uses the basic course layout with the
addition of poles in the centre of the traffic
cone and rubber rings.
21.16.0.2Plumber’s rings approximately 150 mm
inside diameter to be used.
21.16.0.3The pole to be inserted in the traffic cone
as per Witch’s Hat diagram.
21.16.0.4Rubber rings to be placed on poles
at markers 2, 3, 4, & 5 on the side
furthermost from the start / finish line.
4
Marshall
(See Orange diagram for details)
21.16.1 Ring Return Procedure
21.16.1.1Competitor starts at the Start line and
keeping traffic cone markers to their left
circles marker 5, picking up the ring and
returns to pass marker 1 and places ring
over marker 1 pole and then continues to
pass marker 4 repeating the process of
retrieving the rings.
21.16.1.2This is repeated reducing the course
length by 1 marker per circuit until after
circling marker 2.
21.16.1.3After the final ring is placed over marker
1 pole they then complete an extra circuit
around marker 5 before crossing the
finish line.
21.16.1.4Footing with the left foot is permitted in the
footing areas only.
21.16.1.5The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.16.1.6The competitor who had the lowest
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of the event.
Flag
Marshall
21.16.2 Ring Return Elimination
21.16.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching markers, poles or tapes.
Poles may only be touched by the
hand during removal or placement of
the ring over the pole,
b) Footing with the right foot,
c) Footing with the left foot outside of
the footing area,
d) Removing both hands from
handlebars,
e) Not straddling machine,
f) Failing to follow course procedure,
g) Crossing the start / finish line before
course is completed,
h) Front axle passing into defined
footing area of previously rounded
marker,
i) Dropping ring allowing it touch the
ground,
j) Causing ring to fall over marker while
attempting to pick up ring.
Footing area
LEFT foot
only
5
4
3
2
1
Flag
Marshall
Footing area
LEFT foot only
on return
Finish
5
Marshall
Finish
Start
Bending
not drawn to scale
4
21.17
3
2
1
Finish
Marshall
Finish
BENDING COURSE
(See basic diagram for details)
21.17.0.1Basic course with traffic cones only to be
used.
Start
Ring Return
not drawn to scale
21.17.1 Bending Procedure
21.17.1.1Competitors start at the Start line and
passes marker 1 on competitors left side,
then changes direction to pass marker
2 on competitors right side, marker 3
on competitors left side, marker 4 on
competitors right side and circles marker
5 on competitors left side and returns to
the finish line passing the markers in the
same manner, i.e. markers 4 and 2 on
265
21 MINIKHANA
competitor’s right side and markers 3 and
1 on competitors left.
21.17.1.2Crossing the finishing line after passing
marker 1.
21.17.1.3The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.17.1.4The competitor who had the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of the event.
21.17.2 Bending Elimination
21.17.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching markers or tapes,
b) Footing with the right foot,
c) Footing outside footing area behind
marker 5,
d) Removing both hands from
handlebars,
e) Not straddling machine,
f) Failing to follow course procedure.
21.18
RING BENDING COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.18.0.1This uses the basic course layout with the
addition of poles in the centre of the traffic
cone and three rubber rings. Rubber
rings will be placed on the pole in marker
5, one per time by an official.
21.18.1 Ring Bending Procedure
21.18.1.1Competitors will ride the course in the
same manner as in the Bending event
with the exception that when circling
marker 5 the competitor removes three
rubber ring from the pole (official will
place next rubber ring on marker 5 pole)
and then proceeds to marker 1 as in the
Bending event.
21.18.1.2Competitor will circle marker 1 and place
rubber ring over the pole in marker 1
and will then continue the event until all
three rubber rings have been placed over
marker 1 when the competitor will cross
the finish line.
21.18.1.3The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.18.1.4The competitor who had the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of the event.
21.18.2 Ring Bending Elimination
21.18.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching markers, poles or tapes.
Poles may only be touched by the
hand during removal or placement of
the ring over the pole,
b) Footing with the right foot,
c) Footing with the left foot outside of
the footing area,
d) Removing both hands from
handlebars,
e) Not straddling machine,
f) Failing to follow course procedure,
g) Crossing the start / finish line before
course is completed,
h) Dropping ring allowing it touch the
ground,
i) Causing ring to fall over marker while
attempting to pick up ring.
21.19
SLOW COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.19.0.1The course will be a lane 500mm wide by
16.5 metres long.
21.19.1 Slow Course Procedure
21.19.1.1Competitor will start with the machine’s
front axle on the Start line.
21.19.1.2At the start order the competitor has a
maximum of three seconds to enter the
event area (front axle passes start line)
and ensure their feet are not in contact
with the ground.
21.19.1.3Forward motion does not have to be
maintained.
21.19.1.4Event is complete when front axle passes
finish line.
21.19.1.5The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.19.1.6The competitor who had the highest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of the event.
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.19.2 Slow Course Elimination
21.19.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Slow start (feet in contact with
ground after three seconds),
b) Touching tapes,
c)Footing.
Finish
500mm
wide
16.5 metres
Start
21.20
CLOVER COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.20.0.1Competitors will ride passing through the
six markers placed in a triangle to form a
clover pattern.
21.20.0.2Car tyres or a marker of similar dimensions
will be used as course markers.
21.20.1 Clover Procedure
21.20.1.1Competitors will start from Start line and
circles marker 1 on their left side then
circle marker 2 on their right then circle
marker 3 on their right and exit through
the start / finish line markers.
21.20.1.2Competitors may foot with either left
or right foot anywhere on the course
provided that both feet do not touch the
ground at the same time. There shall
be no determining factors as to when
the left or right footing commences or
ceases.
21.20.1.3The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.20.1.4The competitor who had the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of the event.
21.20.2 Clover Elimination
21.20.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching a marker,
b) Both feet making contact with the
ground at the same time,
c) Failure to follow the course
procedure,
d) Riding outside the course boundary.
Slow Ride
267
21 MINIKHANA
21.21
NO FOOTING CLOVER COURSE
21.22
START AND PARK COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.21.0.1This uses the same course and riding
procedure as the Clover event with the
exception that footing is not permitted.
21.21.0.2Competitors will also be eliminated if
either foot makes any contact with the
ground.
21.21.0.3Finishing order will be achieved as in the
Clover event.
(See diagram for details)
21.22.0.1The basic course layout will cover an area
of six (6) metres by 20 metres.
21.22.0.2The side and end boundary of the course
shall be marked with lane tape or rope.
21.22.0.3Witch’s hats will be used as the required
markers placed along the centre line of
the course at four metre spacings.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.23
O RING RELAY COURSE
21.24
ACCELERATION AND BRAKING
COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.23.0.1This uses the same course and riding
procedure as the Start and Park event
with the exception that competitors will be
in teams.
21.23.0.2An O ring, as used in the Ring events,
shall be carried by each competitor in turn
whilst riding the course.
21.23.0.3Competitors cannot start their leg of the
relay until the previous competitor has
successfully completed the course and
passed on the O ring.
21.22.1 Start and Park Procedure
21.22.1.1Four or more competitors will start at
the start line and proceed to pass the
markers, marker 1 to the competitors’
left, marker 2 to the competitors’ right
and circle marker 3 to their left and return
passing marker 2 to their right and then
proceeds to the stopping area, where the
competitor will stop their machine, turn off
the engine and place the machine on its
stand, then run to the finishing line at the
end of the course furthest away from
the Stop Box.
21.22.1.2Competitors whose machine has no stand
may have an assistant appointed by the
Clerk of Course to hold the machine.
21.22.2 Start and Park Elimination
21.22.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching a marker,
b)Footing,
c)Bumping,
d) Failure to follow the course
procedure,
e) Riding outside the course boundary,
f) Stopping and parking machine
outside of stopping area,
g) Failure to turn engine off,
h) Machine failing to remain on stand.
268
21.24.0.1This event is conducted on an out and
back course.
21.24.0.2A marker is placed 50 metres from the
start / finish line.
21.24.0.3Competitors will leave start line circle the
marker and return to the stop box.
21.24.0.4Competitor’s machine must be completely
in the confines of the stop box.
21.24.0.5Footing with left foot is only permitted at
the marker on the side opposite to the
start line and in the stop box.
21 MINIKHANA
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.24.0.6
The competitor who successfully
completes the course with the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner.
21.24.0.7The nature of this type of event precludes
it being used as a run-off event.
21.24.1Acceleration and Braking Course
Elimination
21.24.1.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Footing with right foot,
b) Footing outside the area behind
marker,
c) Touching the marker,
d) Bike not stopping within stopping box
(i.e. both axles must be wholly within
the stopping box),
e) With machine correctly in stopping
box, left foot only footing is permitted
either in or out of the stopping box
without elimination,
f) Remove both hands from handlebar,
g) Not straddling machine,
h) Failure to follow course procedure,
i) Riding outside the course boundary
21.24.1.2The event has only been completed once
the penciller has indicated to the rider that
the bike can leave the box.
6 metres
Imaginary line through
centre of witch’s hat
50 metres
1m
wide
2 metres
long
Stop
Box
Start
Acceleration & Braking
not drawn to scale
21.25
MINICROSS COURSE
21.25.0.1
Minicross introduces competitors to
Motocross style riding and helps to
develop competitors riding skills and
balance.
21.25.0.2The event shall be conducted over a
course with obstacles and tight corners:
a) No level straight will be longer than
20 metres,
b) Jumps, chicanes, berms etc must be
positioned so that speeds are kept
low,
c) The recommended maximum
separation between obstacles, which
significantly reduce speed, is 33
metres,
d) There shall be no double, triple,
or reverse canyon jumps. A jump
is defined as being greater than
500mm in vertical height,
e) There will be no man-made stutter
jumps,
f) The width of the track must allow
safe overtaking,
g) Tyre barriers shall be used where
different sections of the track are in
close proximity to each other,
h) The first nine metres of the track will
be divided into four (4) two-metre
wide lanes.
21.25.1 Minicross Procedure
21.25.1.1A maximum of four competitors will
complete the course at once.
21.25.1.2Competitors will be encouraged to pass
each other when it is safe to do so.
21.25.1.3When passing, competitors must not
make contact with the other competitors.
21.25.1.4Competitors must ensure that at all times
they do not obstruct another competitor
from successfully completing the course.
21.25.1.5In the case of a competitor falling the
event will be stopped if it is deemed that
the track is unsafe for the competition to
continue. The Competitor responsible for
the fall shall be excluded from the re-run
subject to Clerk of Course approval.
21.25.1.6Competitors who hit the tyre barriers or
leave the course proper may re-enter the
course at the closest safe point to where
they left the course ensuring that no
advantage is gained.
269
21 MINIKHANA
21.25.2 Minicross Practice
21.25.2.1
For practice, a maximum of 12
competitors may participate on the track
under a stationary yellow flag.
21.25.2.2Any competitor passing will be excluded,
however in the case of a competitor falling
or stopping due to mechanical failure, the
yellow flag shall be waved, but passing
may be permitted provided the Course
Marshall indicates it is safe. Passing after
the first lap may be allowed if approved by
the Clerk of Course.
21.25.3 Minicross Elimination
21.25.3.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Crossing the lane markers during the
first nine metres of the event,
b) Failure to follow the course proper,
c) Causing another competitor to fault,
d) Failure to re-enter course correctly,
e) Passing while yellow flag is
displayed.
21.25.4 Minicross Footing and No Footing
21.25.4.1Minicross can be conducted as either
a footing or no-footing event. In NoFooting Minicross any competitors will be
eliminated if footing occurs.
21.26
MINI TRIAL COURSE
21.26.0.1Where possible this event is to be
conducted over natural terrain.
21.26.0.2Artificial boundaries and obstacles may
be used.
21.26.0.3The course will be marked in red on the
right hand side and in white on the left
hand side by either markers or tape.
21.25.0.4Minimum size of markers to be no less
than 100mm wide.
21.25.0.5Tapes and markers to be clearly visible.
21.26.1 Mini Trial Procedure
21.26.1.1The start and finish of each Observed
Section is to be clearly defined.
21.26.1.2Artificial boundaries may be used to
define the lateral limits.
21.26.1.3A machine will be deemed to be in an
Observed Section when the front axle
passes the “Section Begin” marker and
until it passes the “Section End” marker.
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.26.2 Mini Trial Failure
21.26.2.1A failure is considered to have occurred
when:
a) The machine ceases to move in a
forward direction, relative to the
course, with the competitor footing,
b) The competitor dismounts the
machine,
c) The machine crosses a boundary,
d) The machine passes the wrong side
of a boundary marker prior to the
front axle passes the “Section Ends”
sign,
e) The competitor or the machine
receives outside assistance,
f) The competitor breaks the tape or
dislodges the tape anchors.
21.26.3 Mini Trials Footing
21.26.3.1Footing will be deemed to have occurred
if any part of the body of the competitor
touches the ground or any part of the
competitor leans on an obstacle (tree,
wall, etc).
21.26.3.2Footing outside the lateral limits of a
section does not constitute a failure (i.e.
1 point loss footing penalty only).
21.26.3 Mini Trial Marking
21.25.3.1Method of marking will be as listed:
FAULT
POINTS
Clean
0
Footing once
1
Footing twice
2
Footing more than twice
3
Failure
5
Not attempting a section
10
21.27
MINI ENDURO COURSE
21.27.0.1This event is conducted over varying
distances of rough terrain.
21.27.0.2Competitors learn the benefits of wellmaintained and reliable machinery and
the ability to pace themselves.
21.27.1 Mini Enduro Procedure
21.27.1.1Competitors have a predetermined time
to complete the course.
21.27.1.2The competitor whose time is closest to
the predetermined time will be the winner.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
21.27.1.3The natural terrain course is to be well
defined with directional arrows and
adequately staffed by marshals.
21.27.1.4Special sections may be added.
21.27.1.5Points will be lost for failure to observe
signs and completion of special sections.
21.27.1.6Competitors are rewarded for their skill in
completing the penalty areas.
21.27.1.7
A number of penalty areas and
checkpoints should be included.
21.27.1.8Each grade is to attempt to complete a
preset number of laps in a reasonable
time.
21.27.1.9In Mini Enduro with special penalty
sections the competitor with the least
points lost will be the winner.
21.27.2 Hill Climb Course
21.27.2.1The course for this event will be a hill
which can be readily negotiable by the
competitors.
21.27.3 Hill Climb Procedure
21.27.3.1To increase the skill level a series of turns
and obstacles will be included.
21.27.3.2The competitor whose elapsed time to
successfully complete the event is closest
to the predetermined time shall be the
winner.
21.27.3.3Only one competitor will ride the event at
a time.
21.28
21 MINIKHANA
21.28.0.8
The competitor who successfully
completes the course with the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner.
21.28.0.9The nature of this type of event precludes
it being used as a run-off event.
21.28.1 Figure 8 Course Elimination
21.28.1.1Competitors will be eliminated for the
following
a) Footing with right foot during left turn
at 50m marker,
b) Footing outside the area behind 50m
marker,
c) Footing with left foot during right turn
at 50m marker,
d) Footing outside the area behind 20m
marker,
e) Touching the marker,
f) Bike not stopping within stopping box
(i.e. both axles must be wholly within
the stopping box),
g) With machine correctly in stopping
box, left foot only footing is permitted
either in or out of the stopping box
without elimination,
h) Failure to follow course procedure,
i) Riding outside the course boundary.
21.28.1.2 The event has only been completed once
the penciller has indicated to the rider that
the bike can leave the box.
FIGURE 8 COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.28.0.1This event is conducted on an out and
back course.
21.28.0.2Markers are placed 20 and 50 metres
from the start / finish line.
21.28.0.3Competitors will leave start line circle the
markers in a Figure 8 course and return to
the stop box.
21.28.0.4Competitors machine must be completely
in the confines of the stop box.
21.28.0.5Footing with left foot is only permitted at
the left turn 50m marker on the side of the
Start line.
21.28.0.6Footing with the right foot is only permitted
at the right turn 20m marker on the side or
the Start line.
21.28.0.7Footing with left foot is only permitted in
the stop box.
Figure 8
271
21 MINIKHANA
21.29
RING CLOVER COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.29.0.1Competitors will ride passing through the
six markers placed in a triangle to form a
clover pattern.
21.29.0.2Car tyres or markers of similar dimensions
will be used as course markers on the
outside of each turn and witches hats,
poles and rubber rings on the inside of
each turn. In addition a witches hat and
pole is to be located in the in the centre of
the event area.
21.29.0.3Competitors may pass centre cone on
either side.
21.29.1 Ring Clover Procedure
21.29.1.1Competitors will start from Start line and
circle marker 1 on their left side picking
up the first ring from cone 1 then drop the
ring on the centre cone then circle marker
2 on their right and pick up the second
ring. They will then drop the ring on the
centre cone then circle marker 3 on their
right and pick up the third ring and then
drop the ring on the centre cone and exit
through the start / finish line markers.
21.29.1.3Competitors may foot with either left
or right foot anywhere on the course
provided that both feet do not touch
the ground at the same time. There
shall be no determining factors
as to when the left or right footing
commences or ceases other than the
left foot for dropping off the rings at
the centre cone.
21.29.1.4The finishing order shall be the elapsed
time of competitors who have successfully
completed the course per heat / semi-final
/ Final.
21.29.1.5The competitor who had the lowest
elapsed time will be the winner of that
round of events.
21.29.2 Ring Clover Elimination
21.29.2.1Competitors will be eliminated from the
event for the following:
a) Touching a marker, poles may only
be touched by the hand during
removal or placement of the ring
over the pole,
b) Both feet making contact with the
ground at the same time,
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
c) Failure to follow the course
procedure,
d) Riding outside the course boundary,
e) Removing both hands from
handlebars,
f) Not straddling machine,
g) Crossing the start / finish line before
course is completed,
h) Dropping ring or allowing it touch the
ground,
i) Causing ring to fall over marker while
attempting to pick up ring,
21.30
NO FOOTING RING CLOVER
COURSE
(See diagram for details)
21.30.0.1This uses the same course and riding
procedure as the Ring Clover event with
the exception that footing is not permitted.
21.30.0.2Competitors will also be eliminated if
either foot makes any contact with the
ground.
21.30.0.3Finishing order will be achieved as in the
Ring Clover event.
Footing & Non-Footing Ring Clover
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
22
MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
Version
2.2
Policy Number
MA.17.01
Document Number
10341132
Short description
MA’s Member Protection Policy
Relevant to
All members as outlined in the Constitution
Authority
Board
Date introduced
1 January 2007
Date updated
15 July 2015
Review Schedule
Annually
1
AUTHORISATION AND APPROVAL
2
FURTHER INFORMATION
3
POLICY REVIEW
4
REVISION HISTORY
This policy has been endorsed by the Board of the MA and has been incorporated into our regulations in accordance
with clause 71 of the MA Constitution. The policy commenced on January 1, 2007 and will operate until replaced.
This policy and/or its attachments may be amended from time to time by a resolution of the Board in accordance
with the Constitution. Copies of this policy and its attachments can also be obtained from our office, or website at
www.ma.org.au.
For further information contact Claire Lawrence, Risk and Compliance Manager
This policy will be reviewed annually and revised as needed.
Version
Revision Date
Author(s)
2.0
05-09-2013
RCM
Section
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.8
11.12
15.5.1
2.1
06-02-2014
2.2
15-07-2015
Complaints
Handling
Policy
All
Revision Notes
Change of heading from Anti-Discrimination
and harassment to policy to Antiharassment, discrimination and bullying;
Supervision new inclusion provided by ASC;
Transportation new inclusion provided by
ASC;
Deletion of wording due to new MA policy;
Reference to MA policy;
Inclusive practices including people with
a disabilty, people from diverse cutures,
sexual and gender identity and pregnancy –
new inclusion provided by ASC;
Rewording in line with ASC requirements.
Inclusion of additional forms.
Large scale amendments. The entire
document has been reworded to comply
with ASC Member Protection template.
To avoid confusion only the approved
document has been provided to members.
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22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
5
PURPOSE OF THIS MEMBER
PROTECTION POLICY
This Member Protection Policy (“policy”) aims to assist
MA (“our”, “us” or “we”) to uphold its core values
and create a safe, fair and inclusive environment for
everyone associated with our sport. It sets out our
commitment to ensure that every person bound by
the policy is treated with respect and dignity and
protected from discrimination, harassment and abuse.
It also seeks to ensure that everyone involved in our
sport is aware of their key legal and ethical rights and
responsibilities, as well as the standards of behaviour
expected of them.
The attachments to this policy describe the practical
steps we will take to eliminate discrimination,
harassment, child abuse and other forms of
inappropriate behaviour from our sport. As part of this
commitment, the policy allows MA to take disciplinary
action against any person or organisation bound by this
policy if they breach the policy.
The current policy and its attachments can be obtained
from our website at: www.ma.org.au
6
WHO THIS MEMBER PROTECTION
POLICY APPLIES TO:
This policy applies to the following organisations and
individuals:
•
Persons appointed or sitting on Boards,
Committees and sub-committees of MA and
members;
participating in events and activities, including
camps and training sessions, held or sanctioned
by MA; and
•
Any other person to whom the policy may apply.
This policy will continue to apply to a person even after
they have stopped their membership, association or
employment with MA if disciplinary action relating to
an allegation of child abuse against that person has
commenced.
It is also intended this policy will apply to member
associations including:
•
Affiliated clubs and associated organisations;
and
•
Any other associations, such as coaches
Association, Riders Association, etc.
7
CODE OF CONDUCT
MA requires every individual and organisation bound
by this policy to:
1.
Be ethical, fair and honest in all their dealings
with other people and MA,
2.
Treat all persons with respect and courtesy
and have proper regard for their dignity, rights
and obligations,
3.
Always place the safety and welfare of
children above other considerations,
4.
Comply with MA’s Constitution, rules and
policies including this policy,
5.
Operate within the rules and spirit of the
sport,
•
Employees of MA;
•
Members of the MA Executive;
•
Support personnel including managers, parents,
physiotherapists, psychologists, masseurs, sport
trainers, and others;
6.
Comply with all relevant Australian laws
(Federal and State), particularly antidiscrimination and child protection laws,
•
Coaches (including assistant coaches) who:
7.
Be responsible & accountable for their
conduct, and
8.
Abide by the Codes of Behaviour outlined in
Attachment A of this policy.
•
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
•
Are appointed and/or employed by
MA or members (whether paid or
unpaid), or
•
Have an agreement (whether or not
in writing) with MA or a member.
Riders who enter or participate in any activity or
event, including camps and training sessions,
which are held or sanctioned by MA or a
member;
•
Officials, volunteers and other officials;
•
Members including life members of MA;
•
Coaches, officials and other personnel
8ORGANISATIONAL
RESPONSIBILITIES
MA, its SCBs and member associations must:
1.
Adopt, implement and comply with this policy,
2.
Ensure that this policy is enforceable;
3.
Publish, distribute and promote this policy and
the consequences of any breaches of the policy
breaching it,
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.
Promote and model appropriate standards of
behaviour at all times,
5.
Deal with any complaints made under this policy
in an appropriate manner;
6.
Deal with any breaches of this policy in an
appropriate manner;
7.
Recognise and enforce any penalty imposed
under this policy,
8.
Ensure that a copy of this policy is available or
accessible to all people and organisations to
whom this policy applies,
9.
Use appropriately trained people to receive
and manage complaints and allegations of
inappropriate behaviour; and
10. Monitor and review this policy at least annually.
9
INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITIES
Individuals bound by this policy must:
1.
Make themselves aware of the contents of this
policy;
2.
Comply with all relevant provisions of the policy,
including any codes of conduct and the steps for
making a complaint or reporting possible child
abuse set out in this policy;
3.
Consent to the screening requirement set out in
this policy, and any state/territory working with
Children Checks if the person holds or applies
for a role that involves regular unsupervised
contact with a child or young person under the
age of 18 or where otherwise required by law;
4.
Place the safety and welfare of children above
other considerations;
5.
Be accountable for their behaviour; and
6.
Comply with any decisions and/or disciplinary
measures imposed under this policy.
10
10.1
POLICY POSITION STATEMENTS
CHILD PROTECTION POLICY
MA is committed to the safety and well-being of all
children and young people who participate in our sport
or access our services. We support the rights of the
child and will act at all times to ensure that a child-safe
environment is maintained.
We acknowledge the valuable contribution made by
our staff, members and volunteers and we encourage
their active participation in providing a safe, fair and
inclusive environment for all participants.
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
10.1.1
Identify and Analyse the Risk of Harm
10.1.2
Develop Codes of Behaviour
We will develop and implement a risk management
strategy, including a review of our existing child
protection practices, to determine how child-safe our
organisation is and to identify any additional steps
we can take to minimise and prevent the risk of harm
to children because of the actions of an employee,
volunteer or another person.
We will develop and promote a code of behaviour that
sets out the conduct we expect of adults when they
deal and interact with children involved in our sport,
especially those in our care. We will also implement
a code of behaviour to promote appropriate conduct
between children.
These codes will clearly describe professional
boundaries, ethical behaviour and unacceptable
behavior. (Refer to the attachments in Attachment A of
this policy.)
10.1.3 Choose Suitable
Volunteers
Employees
and
We will take all reasonable steps to ensure that our
organisation engages suitable and appropriate people
to work with children, especially those in positions that
involve regular unsupervised contact with children. This
will include using a range of screening measures.
We will ensure that Working with Children Checks are
conducted for all employees and volunteers who work
with children, where an assessment is required by
law. If a criminal history report is obtained as part of
their screening process, we will handle this information
confidentially and in accordance with the relevant legal
requirements. (Refer to the attachments in Part C of
this policy.)
10.1.4
Support, Train, Supervise and Enhance
Performance
We will ensure that all our employees and volunteers
who work with children have ongoing supervision,
support and training. Our goal is to develop their skills
and capacity and to enhance their performance so we
can maintain a child-safe environment in our sport.
10.1.5
Empower and Promote the Participation
of Children
We will encourage children and young people to be
involved in developing and maintaining a child-safe
environment for our sport.
10.1.6 Report and Respond Appropriately to
Suspected Abuse and Neglect
We will ensure that all our employees and volunteers
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22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
are able to identify and respond appropriately to
children at risk of harm and that they are aware of their
responsibilities under state laws to make a report if
they suspect on reasonable grounds that a child has
been, or is being, abused or neglected. (Refer to the
attachments in Part E of this policy.)
Further, if any person believes that another person
or organisation bound by this policy is acting
inappropriately towards a child, or is in breach of this
policy, he or she may make an internal complaint to us.
(Refer to the attachments in Part D of this policy.)
10.2
To respect people’s privacy, we do not allow camera
phones, videos and cameras to be used inside
changing areas, showers and toilets which we control
or are used in connection with our sport.
When using a photo of a child, we will not name or
identify the child or publish personal information, such
as residential address, email address or telephone
number, without the consent of the child’s parent/
guardian. We will not provide information about a
child’s hobbies, interests, school or the like, as this can
be used by paedophiles or other persons to “groom”
a child.
We will only use images of children that are relevant
to our sport and we will ensure that they are suitably
clothed in a manner that promotes participation in
the sport. We will seek permission from the parents/
guardians of the children before using the images.
We require our member associations and clubs to do
likewise.
ANTI-HARASSMENT AND
HARASSMENT
MA is committed to providing an environment in which
people are treated fairly and equitably and that is, as
far as practicable, free from all forms of discrimination
and harassment.
We recognise that people may not be able to enjoy
themselves or perform at their best if they are treated
unfairly, discriminated against or harassed.
10.3.1 Discrimination
Unlawful discrimination involves the less favourable
treatment of a person on the basis of one or more of the
276
personal characteristics protected by state or federal
anti-discrimination laws.
The personal characteristics protected by antidiscrimination laws include attributes such as race, age,
disability, gender and race. The full list of protected
personal characteristics is in the “Definitions” set out in
the Dictionary of Terms.
Discrimination can be either direct or indirect.
•
Direct discrimination occurs if a person treats,
or proposes to treat, a person with a protected
personal characteristic unfavourably because of
that personal characteristic.
•
Indirect discrimination occurs if a person
imposes, or proposes to impose, a requirement,
condition or practice that will disadvantage a
person with a protected personal characteristic
and that requirement, condition or practice is not
reasonable.
TAKING IMAGES OF CHILDREN
There is a risk that Images of children may be used
inappropriately or illegally. MA requires that individuals
and associations, wherever possible, obtain permission
from a child’s parent/guardian before taking an image
of a child that is not their own. They should also make
sure the parent/guardian understands how the image
will be used.
10.3
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
For the purposes of determining discrimination, the
offender’s awareness and motive are irrelevant.
10.3.2Harassment
Harassment is any unwelcome conduct, verbal or
physical, that intimidates, offends or humiliates another
person and which happens because a person has a
certain personal characteristic protected by State or
Federal anti-discrimination legislation.
The offensive behaviour does not have to take place
a number of times, a single incident can constitute
harassment.
Sexual harassment is one type of harassment. Sexual
harassment is unwelcome conduct, remarks or
innuendo of a sexual nature. It covers a wide range
of behaviours and can be verbal, written, visual or
physical. Sexual harassment is not limited to members
of the opposite sex.
10.3.3 Prohibition against Discrimination and
Harassment
We prohibit all forms of harassment and discrimination
based on the personal characteristics listed in the
“Definitions” set out in the Dictionary of Terms [see
Section 14].
Any person who believes they are being, or have been,
harassed or discriminated against by another person
or organisation bound by this policy is encouraged to
raise their concerns with us. A person may make an
internal complaint, and in some circumstances, they
may also be able to make a complaint to an external
organisation. (Refer to the attachments in Part D of this
policy.)
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
10.4
INTIMATE RELATIONSHIPS
MA understands that consensual intimate relationships
(including, but not limited to sexual relationships)
between coaches or officials and adult athletes may
take place legally. However, this policy will help ensure
that the expectations of coaches or officials are clear
and, to ensure that if an intimate relationship does
exist or develop between a coach or official and an
adult athlete, that relationship will be managed in an
appropriate manner.
Coaches and officials are required to conduct
themselves in a professional and appropriate manner
in all interactions with athletes. In particular, they
must ensure that they treat athletes in a respectful
and fair manner, and that they do not engage in sexual
harassment, bullying, favoritism or exploitation.
We take the position that consensual intimate
relationships between coaches or officials and the
adult participant they coach should be avoided as they
can have harmful effects on the member involved, on
other members and coaches and on the sport’s public
image. These relationships can also be perceived to be
exploitative due to the differences in authority, power,
maturity, status, influence and dependence between
the coach or official and the participant.
We recommend that if a participant attempts to initiate
an intimate relationship with a coach or official, the
coach or official should discourage the participant’s
approach and explain to the participant why such a
relationship is not appropriate.
If a consensual intimate relationship does exist or
develops between an adult participant and a coach
or official, the coach or official is expected to ensure
that the relationship is appropriate and that it does not
compromise impartiality, professional standards or the
relationship of trust the coach or official has with the
participant and/or other participants.
In assessing the appropriateness of an intimate
relationship between a coach or official and an adult
participant, relevant factors include, but are not limited
to:
•
the relative age and social maturity of the
participant;
•
any potential vulnerability of the participant;
•
any financial and/or emotional dependence of
the participant on the coach or official;
•
the ability of the coach or official to influence
the progress, outcomes or progression of the
participant’s performance and/or career;
•
the extent of power imbalance between
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
the participant and coach or official; and
the likelihood of the relationship having an
adverse impact on the participant and/or other
participants.
It will often be difficult for a coach or official involved
in an intimate relationship with an adult participant to
make an objective assessment of its appropriateness
and accordingly they are encouraged to seek advice
from the Member Protection Information Officer to
ensure that they have not involved themselves in
inappropriate or unprofessional conduct.
If it is determined that an intimate relationship
between a coach or official and an adult participant
is inappropriate or unprofessional we may take
disciplinary action against the coach or official up to
and including dismissal. Action may also be taken to
stop the coaching relationship with the participant. This
could include a transfer, a request for resignation or
dismissal from coaching duties.
If a coach, official or participant believes they are being,
or have been, harassed they are encouraged to seek
information and support from the Member Protection
Information Officer. Our complaints procedure is
outlined in Part D of this policy.
10.5PREGNANCY
MA is committed to treating pregnant women fairly
and to removing any unreasonable barriers to their
full participation in our sport. We will not tolerate any
discrimination or harassment against pregnant women.
MA will take reasonable care to ensure the continuing
safety, health and wellbeing of pregnant women. We
will advise pregnant women that there may be risks
involved with their continuing participation in sport, and
we will encourage them to obtain medical advice about
those risks. Pregnant women should be aware that
their own health and wellbeing, and that of their unborn
child, is of utmost importance in their decision-making
about the extent they choose to participate in our sport.
We encourage all pregnant women to talk with their
medical advisers, make themselves aware of the facts
about pregnancy in sport and ensure that they make
informed decisions about their participation in our
sport. Pregnant women should make these decisions
themselves, in consultation with their medical advisers
and in discussion with MA.
We will only require pregnant women to sign a
disclaimer in relation to their participation in our sport
whilst they are pregnant if all other participants are
required to sign one in similar circumstances. We will
not require women to undertake a pregnancy test.
If a pregnant woman believes she is being, or has
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been, harassed or discriminated against by another
person or organisation bound by this Policy, she may
make a complaint. (Refer to the attachments in Part D
of this policy.)
consider whether the established discrimination
exceptions for participation in sport are relevant in the
circumstances. Discrimination is unlawful unless an
exception applies.
10.6
MA is aware that the International Olympic Committee
(IOC) has established criteria for selection and
participation in the Olympic Games. Where a
transgender person intends to compete at an elite
level, we will encourage them to obtain advice about
the IOC’s criteria which may differ from the position we
have taken.
GENDER IDENTITY
Gender identity means the gender-related identity,
appearance or mannerisms or other gender-related
characteristics of a person. This includes the way
people express or present their gender and recognises
that a person’s gender identity may be an identity other
than male or female. Some terms used to describe a
person’s gender identity include trans, transgender and
gender diverse.
10.6.1 Gender Identity Discrimination and
Harassment
Federal, state and territory anti-discrimination laws
provide protection from discrimination against people
on the basis of their gender identity. (See definition in
Dictionary of terms).
MA is committed to providing a safe, fair and inclusive
sporting environment all where people can contribute
and participate. We will not tolerate any unlawful
discrimination or harassment of a person because of
their gender identity.
All persons, regardless of gender identity, are entitled
to be treated fairly and with dignity and respect at all
times. We will not tolerate any unlawful discrimination
or harassment of a person because of their gender
identity. This includes discrimination or harassment
of a person who is transgender or transsexual, who is
assumed to be transgender or transsexual or has an
association with someone who has or is assumed to be
transgender or transsexual. (Refer to the attachments
in Part D of this policy.)
We expect all people bound by this policy to act
with sensitivity when a person is undergoing gender
transition/affirmation.
If any person believes that they are being, or have
been, harassed or discriminated against by another
person or organisation bound by this policy because of
their gender identity, they may make a complaint.
10.6.2
Participation in Sport
MA recognises that excluding people from participating
in sporting events and activities because of their
gender identity may have significant implications for
their health, wellbeing and involvement in community
life. We are committed to supporting participation in our
sport on the basis of the gender with which a person
identifies.
If issues of performance advantage arise, we will
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2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Drug testing procedures and prohibitions also apply to
people who identify as transgender. A person receiving
treatment involving a Prohibited Substance or Method,
as described on the World Anti-Doping Agency’s
Prohibited List, should apply for a standard Therapeutic
Use Exemption.
10.6.3 Intersex status
Federal anti-discrimination law, and some state and
territory anti-discrimination laws, provide protection
from discrimination against a person on the basis of
their intersex status (See Dictionary of terms).
MA is committed to providing a safe, fair and inclusive
sporting environment where all people can contribute
and participate. We will not tolerate any unlawful
discrimination or harassment of a person because of
their intersex status.
10.7
RESPONSIBLE SERVICE AND
CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL
MA is committed to conducting sporting and social
events in a manner that promotes the responsible
service and consumption of alcohol. We also
recommend that state associations and member
clubs follow strict guidelines regarding the service and
consumption of alcohol.
In general, our policy is that:
•
alcohol should not be available or consumed
at sporting events involving children and young
people under the age of 18;
•
alcohol-free social events be provided for young
people and families;
•
food and low-alcohol and non-alcoholic drinks
be available at events we hold or endorse where
alcohol is served;
•
a staff member is present at events we
hold or endorse where alcohol is served to
ensure appropriate practices in respect of the
consumption of alcohol are followed;
•
safe transport options be promoted as part of
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
any event we hold or endorse where alcohol is
served.
Further guidance on developing an Alcohol Policy is
available at:
The following types of behaviour, where repeated or
occurring as part of a pattern of behaviour, would be
considered bullying:
•
verbal abuse including shouting, swearing,
teasing, making belittling remarks or persistent
unjustified criticism;
•
excluding or isolating a group or person;
•
spreading malicious rumours; or
•
psychological harassment such as intimidation.
www.playbytherules.net.au/resources/club-toolkit
10.8SMOKING
MA is committed to providing a safe and healthy
environment at all sporting and social events that we
hold or endorse.
In general, our policy is that:
•
no smoking shall occur at or near sporting
events involving children and young people
under the age of 18. This policy shall apply
to coaches, officials, participants, support
personnel, and volunteers;
•
social events shall be smoke-free, with smoking
permitted at designated outdoor smoking areas;
and
•
coaches, officials, participants, support
personnel and volunteers will refrain from
smoking while they are involved in an official
capacity in our sport, both on and off the field.
In addition to the above:
•
There is to be no smoking in the pit area, grand
standards and/or high volume spectator areas
•
Buildings shall remain smoke-free zones
•
Members and affiliated Clubs should adhere
to all applicable smoking laws, regulations and
codes in relation to designated outdoor smoking
areas to protect the safety and wellbeing of
participants.
10.9BULLYING
MA is committed to providing an environment that is
free from bullying. We understand that bullying has the
potential to result in significant negative consequences
for an individual’s health and wellbeing, and we regard
bullying in all forms as unacceptable in our sport.
Bullying is characterised by repeated, unreasonable
behaviour directed at a person, or group of persons,
that creates a risk to health and safety. Bullying
behaviour is that which a reasonable person in the
circumstances would expect to victimise, humiliate,
undermine, threaten, degrade, offend or intimidate a
person. Bullying behaviour can include actions of an
individual or a group.
Whilst generally characterised by repeated behaviours,
one-off instances can amount to bullying.
Bullying includes cyber-bulling which occurs through
the use of technology. New technologies and
communication tools, such as smart phones and
social networking websites, have greatly increased the
potential for people to be bullied though unwanted and
inappropriate comments. MA will not tolerate abusive,
discriminatory, intimidating or offensive statements
being made online. Frustration at an official, teammate,
coach or sporting body should never be communicated
on social networking websites. These issues should
instead be addressed – in a written or verbal statement
or a complaint – to the relevant club or the relevant
controlling body.
If any person believes they are being, or have been,
bullied by another person or organisation bound by this
policy, he or she may make a complaint. (Refer to the
attachments in Part D of this policy.)
10.10
SOCIAL NETWORKING
MA acknowledges the enormous value of social
networking to promote our sport and celebrate the
achievements and success of the people involved in
our sport.
Social networking refers to any interactive website or
technology that enables people to communicate and/
or share content via the internet. This includes social
networking websites such as Facebook and Twitter.
We expect all people bound by this policy to conduct
themselves appropriately when using social networking
sites to share information related to our sport.
In particular, social media activity including, but not
limited to, postings, blogs, status updates, and tweets:
•
must not contain material which is, or has
the potential to be, offensive, aggressive,
defamatory, threatening, discriminatory,
obscene, profane, harassing, embarrassing,
intimidating, sexually explicit, bullying, hateful,
racist, sexist or otherwise inappropriate;
•
must not contain material which is inaccurate,
misleading or fraudulent;
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22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
•
must not contain material which is in breach of
laws, court orders, undertakings or contracts;
•
should respect and maintain the privacy of
others; and
•
should promote the sport in a positive way.
Further guidance on developing a Communications
Policy is available at:
www.playbytherules.net.au/resources/club-toolkit
11
11.1
COMPLAINTS PROCEDURES
HANDLING COMPLAINTS
MA aims to provide a, simple, confidential and
trustworthy procedure for resolving complaints based
on the principles of procedural fairness.
Any person (a complainant) may report a complaint
about a person, people or organisation bound by
this policy (respondent) if they feel they have been
discriminated against, harassed, bullied or there has
been any other breach of this policy.
In the first instance, complaints should be reported to
the relevant MPIO.
If a complaint relates to behaviour or an incident that
occurred at the:
11.2
IMPROPER COMPLAINTS AND
VICTIMISATION
MA aims to ensure that our complaints procedure
has integrity and is free of unfair repercussions or
victimisation against any person making a complaint.
We will take all necessary steps to make sure that
people involved in a complaint are not victimised.
Disciplinary measures may be undertaken in respect
of a person who harasses or victimises another person
for making a complaint or supporting another person’s
complaint.
If at any point in the complaint handling process the
Complaints Manager considers that a complainant
has knowingly made an untrue complaint, or the
complaint is malicious or inappropriately intended to
cause distress to the respondent, the matter may be
referred in writing to the judicial committee for review
and appropriate action, including possible disciplinary
action against the complainant.
11.3 MEDIATION
MA aims to resolve complaints quickly and fairly.
Complaints may be resolved by agreement between
the people involved with no need for disciplinary action.
Mediation is a confidential process that allows those
involved in a complaint to discuss the issues or
incident in question and come up with mutually agreed
solutions. It may occur before or after the investigation
of a complaint.
•
state level, or involves people operating at
the state level, then the complaint should be
reported to and handled by the relevant State
Controlling Body in the first instance
•
club level, or involves people operating at the
club level, then the complaint should be reported
to and handled by the relevant club in the first
instance.
If a complainant wishes to resolve the complaint with
the help of a mediator, the Complaints Manager will,
in consultation with the complainant, arrange for an
independent mediator where possible. We will not
allow lawyers to participate in the mediation process.
Only matters that relate to, or which occurred at, the
national level, as well as serious cases referred from
the state and club level, should be dealt with by MA.
More information on the mediation process is outlined
in Attachment D2.
A complaint may be handled informally or formally. The
complainant may indicate his or her preferred option
and the Complaints Manager should consider whether
that is an appropriate way to handle the particular
complaint. For example, the law may require that the
complaint/allegation be reported to an appropriate
authority.
In accordance with MA rules a Tribunal may be
convened to hear a proceeding:
All complaints will be dealt with promptly, seriously,
sensitively and confidentially. Our procedures for
handling and resolving complaints are outlined in
Attachment D1.
Individuals and organisations may also seek to have
their complaint handled by an external agency under
anti-discrimination, child protection, criminal or other
relevant legislation.
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11.4TRIBUNALS
•
referred to it by the CEO
•
escalated due to the serious nature of the
complaint, because it was unable to be resolved
at the state level or because the policy of the
state association directs it to be
•
for an alleged breach of this policy.
Our Tribunal procedure is outlined in Attachment D4.
A respondent may lodge an appeal to the Appeal
Tribunal in respect of a Tribunal decision. The decision
of the Appeal Tribunal is final and binding on the
people involved. MA’s appeals process is outlined in
Attachment D4.
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Every organisation bound by this policy will recognise
and enforce any decision of a Tribunal or Appeal
Tribunal under this policy.
12
WHAT IS A BREACH OF THIS
POLICY?
It is a breach of this policy for any person or organisation
to which this policy applies, to have been found to have:
1.
Done anything contrary to this policy,
2.
Breaching the codes of behaviour (Part B of the
policy),
3.
Brought MA into disrepute, or acting in a manner
likely to bring the sport and/or MA into disrepute,
4.
Failing to follow MA policies (including this policy)
and our procedures for the protection, safety and
well-being of children,
5.
Appointing or continued to appoint a person to
a role that involves working with children and
young people contrary to this policy,
6.
Discriminating against, harassing or bullying
(including cyber-bullying) any person,
7.
Victimising another person for making or
supporting a complaint,
8.
Engaging in a sexually inappropriate relationship
with a person that the person he or she
supervises, or has influence, authority or power
over,
9.
Verbally or physically assaulting another person,
intimidating another person or creating a hostile
environment within the sport,
10. Disclosing to any unauthorised person or
organisation any MA information that is of a
private, confidential or privileged nature,
11. Making a complaint they knew to be untrue,
vexatious, malicious or improper,
12. Failing to comply with a penalty imposed after
a finding that the individual or organisation has
breached this policy, and
13. Failing to comply with a direction given to the
individual or organisation during the discipline
process.
13
DISCIPLINARY MEASURES
MA may impose disciplinary measures on an individual
or organisation for a breach of this policy.
Any disciplinary measure imposed will be:
•
•
applied consistent with any contractual and
employment rules and requirements;
•
be based on the evidence and information
presented and the seriousness of the breach;
and
•
be determined in accordance with our
constituent documents, by-laws, this policy and/
or the rules of the sport.
13.1INDIVIDUAL
Subject to contractual and employment requirements,
if a finding is made by a Tribunal that an individual has
breached this policy, one or more of the following forms
of discipline may be imposed.
13.1.1
a direction that the individual make a verbal
and/or written apology;
13.1.2 a written warning;
13.1.3 a direction that the individual attend
counselling to address their behaviour;
13.1.4 a withdrawal of any awards, scholarships,
placings, records, achievements bestowed
in any activities or events held or sanctioned
by MA;
13.1.5 a demotion or transfer of the individual to
another location, role or activity;
13.1.6 a suspension of the individual’s membership
or participation or engagement in a role or
activity;
13.1.7 termination of the individual’s membership,
appointment or engagement;
13.1.8 a recommendation that MA terminate the
individual’s membership, appointment or
engagement;
13.1.9 in the case of a coach or official, a direction
that the relevant controlling body de-register
the accreditation of the coach or official for a
period of time or permanently;
13.1.10 a fine;
13.1.11 any other form of discipline that MA
considers appropriate.
Information on the range of disciplinary measures and
the factors that will be considered before imposing
discipline is included in the MA Constitution and the
GCRs.
13.2ORGANISATION
If a finding is made that a SCB, club or affiliated
organisation has breached its own or this Member
Protection Policy, one or more of the following forms of
discipline may be imposed by MA.
fair and reasonable;
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13.2.1
13.2.2
13.2.3
13.2.4
13.2.5
13.2.6
13.2.7
13.3
a written warning;
a fine;
a direction that any rights, privileges and
benefits provided to that organisation by the
national body or other peak association be
suspended for a specified period;
a direction that any funding granted or given
to it by the relevant controlling body cease
from a specified date;
a direction that the relevant controlling body
cease to sanction events held by or under
the auspices of that organisation;
a recommendation to the relevant controlling
body that its membership of the SCB, club
or affiliated organisation be suspended or
terminated in accordance with the relevant
constitution or rules;
any other form of discipline that the national
body or peak organisation considers
reasonable and appropriate.
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Affiliated Club means a motorcycle club which
is admitted to Membership as an affiliated club in
accordance with MA’s Constitution.
Child means a person who is under the age of 18.
Child abuse relates to children at risk of harm (usually
by adults, sometimes by other children) and often by
those they know and trust. It can take many forms.
Children may be harmed by both verbal and physical
actions and by people failing to provide them with basic
care. Child abuse may include:
•
Physical abuse by hurting a child or a child’s
development (e.g. hitting, shaking or other
physical harm; giving a child alcohol or drugs;
giving bad nutritional advice; or training that
exceeds the child’s development or maturity).
•
Sexual abuse by adults or other children
where a child is encouraged or forced to watch
or engage in sexual activity or where a child
is subject to any other inappropriate conduct
of a sexual nature (e.g. sexual intercourse,
masturbation, oral sex, pornography including
child pornography or inappropriate touching or
conversations).
•
Emotional abuse by ill-treating a child (e.g.
humiliation, taunting, sarcasm, yelling, negative
criticism, name calling, ignoring or placing
unrealistic expectations on a child).
•
Neglect (e.g. failing to give food, water, shelter
or clothing or to protect a child from danger or
foreseeable risk of harm or injury).
FACTORS TO CONSIDER
The form of discipline to be imposed on an individual or
organisation will depend on factors, such as:
•
the nature and seriousness of the breach
•
if the person knew, or should have known, that
the behaviour was a breach of the policy
•
the person’s level of contrition
•
the effect of the proposed disciplinary measures
on the person, including any personal,
professional or financial consequences
•
if there have been any relevant prior warnings or
disciplinary action
•
the ability to enforce disciplinary measures if the
person is a parent or spectator (even if they are
bound by the policy)
•
any other mitigating circumstances.
14
DICTIONARY OF TERMS
This Dictionary sets out the meaning of words used
in this policy and its attachments without limiting the
ordinary and natural meaning of the words. Further
detail or definitions that are specific to different states
and territories can be sourced from the relevant child
protection authorities or equal opportunity and antidiscrimination commissions.
Abuse is a form of harassment and includes physical
abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, neglect,
and abuse of power. Examples of abusive behaviour
include bullying, humiliation, verbal abuse and insults.
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Complaint means a complaint made under Clause 15
of this policy.
Complainant means the person making a complaint.
Complaint handler/manager means the person
appointed under this policy to investigate a complaint.
Constitution means the Constitution of MA in force
from time to time.
Discrimination occurs when someone is treated
unfairly or less favourably than another person in the
same or similar circumstances because of a particular
personal characteristic. This is known as direct
discrimination. Indirect discrimination occurs when
a rule, policy or practice disadvantages one group
of people in comparison with others, even though it
appears to treat all people the same.
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In Australia, it is against the law to discriminate against
someone because of their:
•
Age,
•
Disability,
•
Family/carer responsibilities,
•
Gender identity/transgender status,
•
Homosexuality and sexual orientation,
•
Irrelevant medical record,
•
Irrelevant criminal record,
•
Political belief/activity,
•
Pregnancy and breastfeeding,
•
Race,
•
Religious belief/activity,
•
Sex or gender,
•
Social origin,
•
Trade Union membership/activity,
Some states and territories include additional protected
characteristics, such as physical features or association
with a person with one or more of the characteristics
listed above.
Examples of discrimination are available on the Play by
the Rules website:
www.playbytherules.net.au/legal-stuff/discrimination
Some exceptions to state and federal anti-discrimination
law apply, such as:
•
•
holding a competitive sporting activity for boys
and girls only who are under the age of 12, or
of any age where strength, stamina or physique
is relevant
not selecting a participant if the person’s
disability means he or she is not reasonably
capable of performing the actions reasonably
required for that particular activity.
Harassment is any type of behaviour that the other
person does not want and is likely to make the person
feel intimidated, insulted or humiliated. Unlawful
harassment can target a person because of their race,
sex, pregnancy, marital status, sexual orientation or
some other personal characteristic protected by law
(see the list under “Discrimination”).
Public acts of racial hatred which are reasonably
likely to offend, insult, humiliate or intimidate are also
prohibited. This applies to spectators, participants or
any other person who engages in such an act in public.
Some states and territories also prohibit public acts that
vilify people on other grounds such as homosexuality,
gender identity, HIV/AIDS, religion and disability (see
also “Vilification”).
Junior see Child.
Mediator mean an impartial person appointed to help
those people involved in a complaint to talk through the
issues and resolve the matter on mutually agreeable
terms.
Member means any member recognised as such
under the MA constitution.
Member Protection Information Officer (MPIO)
is trained to be the first point of contact for a person
reporting a complaint under, or a breach of, this policy.
He or she provides impartial and confidential support to
the person making the complaint.
Natural justice (or procedural fairness) requires that:
•
both the complainant and the respondent must
know the full details of what is being said against
them and have the opportunity to respond
•
all relevant submissions must be considered
•
no person may judge their own case
•
the decision-maker(s) must be unbiased, fair and
just
•
the penalties imposed must be fair.
Police check means a national criminal history
record check conducted as a pre-employment, preengagement or current employment background check
on a person.
Policy and this policy mean this Member Protection
Policy.
Respondent means the person whose behaviour is the
subject of the complaint.
Role-specific codes of conduct (or behaviour) means
standards of conduct required of people holding certain
roles in our organisation (e.g. coaches, officials).
Sexual harassment means unwanted, unwelcome or
uninvited behaviour of a sexual nature which makes
a person feel humiliated, intimidated or offended.
Sexual harassment can take many different forms
and may include unwanted physical contact, verbal
comments, jokes, propositions, display of pornographic
or offensive material or other behaviour that creates a
sexually hostile environment.
Sexual harassment is not behaviour based on mutual
attraction, friendship and respect. If the interaction is
between consenting adults, it is not sexual harassment.
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Sexual offence means a criminal offence involving
sexual activity or acts of indecency including but not
limited to (due to differences under State/Territory
legislation):
PART B: CODES OF
BEHAVIOUR
We seek to provide a safe, fair and inclusive
environment for everyone involved in our organisation
and in our sport.
•
Rape,
•
Indecent assault,
•
Sexual assault,
•
Assault with intent to have sexual intercourse,
•
Incest,
•
Sexual penetration of child under the age of 16,
•
Indecent act with child under the age of 16,
Our codes of behaviour are underpinned by the
following core values.
•
Sexual relationship with child under the age of
16,
•
To act within the rules and spirit of our sport.
•
•
Sexual offences against people with impaired
mental functioning,
To display respect and courtesy towards
everyone involved in our sport and prevent
discrimination and harassment.
•
Abduction and detention,
•
•
Procuring sexual penetration by threats or fraud,
To prioritise the safety and well-being of children
and young people involved in our sport.
•
Procuring sexual penetration of child under the
age of 16,
•
To encourage and support opportunities for
participation in all aspects of our sport.
•
Bestiality,
•
Soliciting acts of sexual penetration or indecent
acts,
•
Promoting or engaging in acts of child
prostitution,
•
Obtaining benefits from child prostitution,
•
Possession of child pornography,
•
Publishing child pornography & indecent articles.
Transgender is a general term applied to individuals
and behaviours that differ from the gender role
commonly, but not always, assigned at birth. It does not
imply any specific form of sexual orientation.
Victimisation means subjecting a person or
threatening to subject a person, to any detriment or
unfair treatment because that person has or intends
to pursue their rights to make a complaint under
government legislation (e.g. Anti-discrimination) or
under this policy, or for supporting another person to
make a complaint.
Vilification involves a person or organisation doing
public acts to incite hatred towards, serious contempt
for, or severe ridicule of a person or group of persons
having any of the characteristics within the meaning of
“Discrimination”.
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To achieve this, we require certain standards of
behaviour by participants, members, coaches, officials,
administrators, parents/guardians (of child participants)
and spectators.
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22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
ATTACHMENT B:
GENERAL CODE OF BEHAVIOUR
As a member of MA or a person required to comply with MA’s member protection policy you must meet the
following requirements in regard to your conduct during any activity held or sanctioned by MA or a member and
in any role you hold within those organisations.
1.
Respect the rights, dignity and worth of others,
2.
Be fair, considerate and honest in all dealing with others,
3.
Be professional in, and accept responsibility for, your actions,
4.
Make a commitment to providing quality service,
5.
Be aware of, and maintain an uncompromising adhesion to, MA’s standards, rules, regulations and
policies,
6.
Operate within the rules of the sport including national and international guidelines which govern MA,
7.
Do not use your involvement with MA or a member to promote your own beliefs, behaviours or practices
where these are inconsistent with those of MA,
8.
Demonstrate a high degree of individual responsibility especially when dealing with any person under 18
years of age, as your words and actions are an example,
9.
Avoid unaccompanied and unobserved activities with any person under 18 years of age, wherever
possible,
10. Refrain from any form of harassment of others,
11. Refrain from any behaviour that may bring MA or a member into disrepute,
12. Provide a safe environment for the conduct of the activity,
13. Show concern and caution towards others who may be sick or injured,
14. Be a positive role model,
15. Understand the repercussions if you breach, or are aware of any breaches of, this code of behaviour.
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PART C: EMPLOYMENT
SCREENING / WORKING
WITH CHILDREN CHECK
REQUIREMENTS
We are committed to providing a safe environment
for children. As part of this, we will recruit staff and
volunteers who do not pose a risk to children.
Employment screening and Working with Children
Checks can involve criminal history checks, signed
declarations, referee checks and other appropriate
checks that assess a person’s suitability to work with
children and young people.
Working with Children Check laws are currently in place
in New South Wales, Queensland, Western Australia,
Victoria, the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital
Territory, and South Australia. Working with Children
Check laws are currently being introduced in Tasmania.
MA, including our state associations and clubs, will
meet the requirements of the relevant state or territory
Working with Children Check laws.
Individuals travelling with children and young people
to another state or territory in a work-related capacity
must comply with the screening requirements of that
particular State or Territory.
ATTACHMENTS:
Attachment C1:
Screening Requirements (for Tasmania)
Attachment C2:
Member Protection Declaration
Attachment C3:
Working with Children Check Requirements
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ATTACHMENT C1:
EMPLOYMENT SCREENING REQUIREMENTS
[for Tasmania only. All other States and Territories refer to C3]
Under the Registration to Work with Vulnerable People Act 2013 (Tas) it will be mandatory for all people working
or volunteering in the sport and recreation sector in Tasmania to hold a Working with Children Registration by
1 April 2015.
This attachment explains the procedures we will use up until 1 April 2015 to screen the people associated with
our organisation who work, coach or have regular unsupervised contact with children and young people under
the age of 18 years. We require our state associations and clubs to follow this procedure.
1.
We will identify all positions where people work, coach or have regular unsupervised contact with children
and young people under the age of 18 years.
2.
Before a person is offered such a position, we will ask him or her to complete a Member Protection
Declaration (“MPD”) (see [Attachment C2]).
3.
If a person is unable to provide a MPD, or if he or she cannot satisfactorily answer the questions in the
MPD, we will ask that person to provide an explanation. We will then make an assessment about the
person’s suitability to work with children and young people. If we are not satisfied of the person’s suitability
to work with children and young people, we will not appoint them to the position.
4.
Where possible, we will check a person’s referees (verbal or written) about his or her suitability for the
position.
5.
We will ask each person to sign a consent form for a national police check and explain why our policy
requires a police check to be undertaken.
6.
If a person does not agree to a national police check, we will make an assessment about his or her
suitability to work with children and young people.
7.
If the national police check indicates that a “relevant offence” has been recorded, we will ask the person
to provide an explanation. We will then make an assessment about the person’s suitability to work with
children and young people. If we are not satisfied of the person’s suitability to work with children and
young people, we will not appoint them to the position.
8.
We will protect the privacy of each person who undertakes the screening process and keep all information
we obtain strictly confidential.
9.
We will return all the information collected as part of the screening process (e.g. completed MPD forms,
national police checks and referee reports) to the relevant person if he or she is not appointed to the
position. Alternatively, all records will be destroyed within 28 days of the date of the decision or the expiry
of any appeal period unless, within that time, the person requests the documents to be returned to him
or her. The records of all people appointed to our organisation will be kept on file in a secure location.
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ATTACHMENT C2:
MEMBER PROTECTION DECLARATION
MA has a duty of care to all those associated with our organisation and to the individuals and organisations to
whom this policy applies. It is a requirement of MA’s Member Protection Policy that we check the background
of each person who works, coaches or has regular unsupervised contact with children and young people under
the age of 18 years.
I …………………………………………………….. (name) of ………………………………….
.……………………………………………………………….. (address) born ……/……/……………
sincerely declare:
1.
I do not have any criminal charge pending before the courts.
2.
I do not have any criminal convictions or findings of guilt for sexual offences, offences related to children
or acts of violence.
3.
I have not had any disciplinary proceedings brought against me by an employer, sporting organisation or
similar body involving child abuse, sexual misconduct or harassment, other forms of harassment or acts
of violence.
4.
I am not currently serving a sanction for an anti-doping rule violation under an Australian Sports AntiDoping Authority (ASADA) approved anti-doping policy applicable to me.
5.
I will not participate in, facilitate or encourage any practice prohibited by the World Anti-Doping Agency
Code or any other ASADA approved anti-doping policy applicable to me.
6.
To my knowledge, there is no other matter that MA may consider to constitute a risk to its members,
employees, volunteers, athletes or reputation by engaging me.
7.
I will notify the CEO of the organisation/s engaging me immediately upon becoming aware that any matter
set out above has changed.
Declared in the state/territory of ……………………………………….………………………….
on …….../……./……….(date) Signature ………………………………………………………….
Consent of parent/guardian (on behalf of a person under the age of 18 years)
I have read and understood the declaration provided by my child. I confirm and warrant that the contents of the
declaration provided by my child are true and correct in every particular.
Name: ……………………………………………….…….
Signature: …………………………………………………
Date: ……………………………………….…………….
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ATTACHMENT C3:
WORKING WITH CHILDREN CHECK REQUIREMENTS
Working with Children Checks aim to create a child-safe environment and to protect children and young people
involved in our sport from physical and sexual harm.
They assess the suitability of people to work with children and young people and can involve:
•
criminal history checks;
•
signed declarations;
•
referee checks; and
•
other relevant background checks to assess a person’s suitability to work with children and young
people.
Working with Children Check requirements vary across Australia. Fact Sheets for each state and territory are
available on the Play by the Rules website: www.playbytherules.net
Detailed information, including the forms required to complete a Working with Children Check, are available
from the relevant agencies in each State and Territory.
Australian Capital Territory
Contact the Office of Regulatory Services
Website: www.ors.act.gov.au/community/working_with_vulnerable_people_wwvp
Phone: 02 6207 3000
New South Wales
Contact the Office of the Children’s Guardian
Website: www.kidsguardian.nsw.gov.au/check
Phone: 02 9286 7276
Northern Territory
Contact the Northern Territory Screening Authority
Website: www.workingwithchildren.nt.gov.au
Phone: 1800 SAFE NT (1800 723 368)
Queensland
Contact the Public Safety Business Agency about the “Blue Card” system.
Website: www.ccypcg.qld.gov.au
Phone: 1800 113 611
South Australia
Contact the Department for Education and Child Development for information
Website: www.families .sa.gov.au/childsafe
Phone : 08 8463 6468.
National Police Check: www.police.sa.gov.au/services-and-events/apply-for-a-police-record-check
DCSI Child Related Work Screening: http://www.dcsi.sa.gov.au/services/screening
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Tasmania
Contact the Department of Justice about the working with children registration system that is being phased in
Website: www.justice.tas.gov.au/working_with_children
Phone: 1300 13 55 13
Victoria
Contact the Department of Justice
Website: www.workingwithchildren.vic.gov.au
Phone: 1300 652 879
Western Australia
Contact the Department for Child Protection
Website: www.checkwwc.wa.gov.au
Phone: 1800 883 979
Travelling to Other States or Territories:
It is important to remember that when travelling to other States or Territories, representatives of sporting
organisations must comply with the legislative requirements of that particular State or Territory.
In certain jurisdictions, temporary, time limited exemptions from working with children checks may be available
for interstate visitors with a Working with Children Check in their home State.
The laws providing interstate exemptions are not consistent across Australia.
If an employee or volunteer for your organisation is travelling interstate to do work that would normally require a
working for children check, you will need to check the relevant requirements of that State or Territory.
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PART D: COMPLAINT
HANDLING
PROCEDURES
We will deal with all complaints in a fair, timely and
transparent manner. All complaints will be treated
seriously.
We will provide individuals with an informal and informal
process to resolve the matter, along with access to an
external complaint handling body, based on the nature
of the complaint and our rules and regulations.
We also provide an appeals process for those matters.
We will maintain confidentiality where possible and
as provided in this policy and seek to ensure that no
one is victimised for making, supporting or providing
information about a complaint.
ATTACHMENTS:
Attachment D1:
Complaints Procedure
Attachment D2.
Mediation
Attachment D3.
Investigation Procedure
Attachment D4.
Tribunal Procedure
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ATTACHMENT D1:
COMPLAINTS PROCEDURE
MA is committed to supporting people associated with our sport to make and resolve any complaints they may
have in a fair, timely and effective way.
We will endeavour to deal with complaints on a confidential basis. We will not provide information about the
complaint to another person without the complainant’s consent, except if the law requires us disclose this
information or it is necessary to properly deal with the complaint. To ensure fairness for everyone involved,
we will provide the full details of the complaint to the person or people against whom the complaint has been
made and ask for their response. As a result, it may be difficult for us to resolve complaints made anonymously.
We will provide informal and formal procedures to deal with complaints. Individuals and organisations can also
make complaints to external organisations under anti-discrimination, child protection and other relevant laws.
Informal Approaches:
Step 1:
Talk with the other person (if safe, reasonable and appropriate)
If you feel confident and comfortable to do so, you can approach the other person to discuss the issues and try
and resolve the problem directly.
Step 2:
Contact a Member Protection Information Officer
We encourage you to talk with one of our Member Protection Information Officers (MPIOs) if:
•
step 1 (above) is not appropriate;
•
you are not sure how to handle the problem by yourself;
•
you want to talk confidentially with someone and find out what options are available to address your
concern; or
•
the concern continues after you approached the other person.
The names and contact details for our MPIOs are available at www.ma.org.au
The MPIO will:
•
ask how you would like your concern to be resolved and if you need support
•
seek to provide different options for you to address your concern
•
act as a support person, if you wish
•
refer you to an appropriate person (e.g. a mediator) to help you address your concern, if appropriate
•
inform the relevant government authorities and/or police, if required by law to do so
•
where possible and appropriate, maintain confidentiality.
Step 3:
Decide how to address your concern
After talking with the MPIO, you may decide:
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•
there is no problem;
•
the problem is minor and you do not wish to take the matter forward;
•
to try and resolve the problem yourself, with or without a support person;
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•
to resolve the problem with the help of someone impartial, such as a mediator; or
•
to resolve the matter through a formal process.
Formal Approaches:
Step 4:
Making a formal complaint
If it is not possible or appropriate to resolve your complaint through an informal process, you may:
•
make a formal complaint in writing to the Complaint Manager, or
•
approach a relevant external agency, such as an anti-discrimination or equal opportunity commission,
for advice and assistance.
After receiving a formal complaint, and based on the material you provide, the Complaint Manager will decide
whether:
•
he or she is the most appropriate person to receive and handle the complaint;
•
the nature and seriousness of the complaint requires a formal resolution procedure;
•
to refer the complaint to mediation;
•
to appoint a person to investigate the complaint;
•
to refer the complaint to a tribunal hearing;
•
to refer the matter to the police or other appropriate authority; and/or
•
to implement any interim arrangements that will apply until the complaint process is completed.
In dealing with your formal complaint, the Complaint Manager will take into account:
•
whether he or she has had any personal involvement in the circumstances and if so, whether it is
appropriate someone else should handle the complaint;
•
your wishes, and the wishes of the respondent, regarding how the complaint should be handled;
•
the relationship between you and the respondent (e.g. an actual or perceived power imbalance between
you and the respondent);
•
whether the facts of the complaint are in dispute; and
•
the urgency of the complaint, including the possibility that you might face further unacceptable behaviour
while the complaint process is underway.
If the Complaints Manager is the appropriate person to handle the complaint, he or she will, where appropriate
and/or necessary:
•
provide the information received from you to the other person(s) involved and ask for a response;
•
decide if there is enough information to determine whether the matter alleged in your complaint did or
did not occur; and/or
•
determine what, if any, further action to take, including referring the matter for investigation or
disciplinary action in accordance with this policy.
Step 5:
Investigating the complaint
In some cases, an investigation may be required to determine the facts surrounding the complaint. Our
investigations procedure is outlined in Attachment D3.
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Following the investigation, a written report will be provided to Board.
•
If the complaint is referred to mediation, we will follow the steps outlined in Attachment D2 or as agreed
by you, the respondent and the mediator.
•
If the complaint is referred to a tribunal hearing, the hearing will be conducted according to the steps
outlined in Attachment D4.
•
If the complaint is referred to the police or another external agency, we will endeavour to provide all
reasonable assistance required by the police or the agency.
Any costs relating to the complaints process set out in this investigation (eg. investigation, mediation and/or a
tribunal hearing, will be met by MA, unless otherwise stated).
Step 6:
Reconsidering a complaint or appealing a decision
If the matter is referred to mediation and is not resolved at mediation, you may request that Complaints Manager
reconsider the complaint in accordance with Step 3.
In accordance with MA’s rules you or the respondent(s) may also appeal a decision made at a tribunal hearing.
The grounds and process for appeals are set out in Attachment D4.
Step 7:
Documenting the resolution
The Complaints Manager will record the complaint, the steps taken to resolve it and the outcome. This
information will be stored in a confidential and secure place. If the complaint was dealt with at the state/district
level, the information will be stored by the state association. If the matter is of a serious nature, or if it was dealt
with at the national level, the information will be stored by MA and a copy stored by the state association.
Approaching External Organisations:
If you feel that you have been harassed or discriminated against, you can seek advice from your state or
territory anti-discrimination or equal opportunity commission. There is no obligation to make a formal complaint.
However, if the commission advises you that the issues appear to be within its jurisdiction, you may choose to
lodge a formal complaint with the commission.
The commission may investigate your complaint. The commission may also attempt to conciliate the complaint
on a confidential basis. If this fails, or if it is not appropriate, the complaint may go to a formal hearing. The
tribunal will make a finding and decide what action, if any, will be taken.
If you do lodge a complaint with the commission, an appropriate person from our organisation (e.g. an MPIO)
will be available to support you during the process. You may also wish to have a legal representation, particularly
if the complaint goes to a formal hearing.
Contact details for the State and Territory anti-discrimination and equal opportunity commissions are available
on the Play by the Rules website:
http://www.playbytherules.net.au/resources/quick-reference-guide
Serious incidents, such as assault or sexual assault, should be reported to the police.
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ATTACHMENT D2:
MEDIATION
Mediation is a process that seeks to resolve complaints with the assistance of an impartial person – the mediator.
The mediator does not decide who is right or wrong and does not tell either side what they must do. Instead, he
or she helps those involved to discuss the issues and seeks to facilitate a mutually agreeable solution.
Our approach to mediation follows the steps set out below.
1.
The Complaints Manager will appoint an appropriate mediator to help resolve the complaint. This will
be done under the direction of MA and in consultation with the complainant and the respondent(s). The
mediator will be an independent person in the context of the complaint, however this does not preclude a
person with an association with [insert name of NSO] acting as mediator.
2.
The mediator will talk with the complainant and respondent(s) about how the mediation will take place
and who will participate. At a minimum, the mediator will prepare an agenda of issues to be discussed.
3.
All issues raised during mediation will be treated confidentially. We also respect the rights of the
complainant and the respondent(s) to pursue an alternative process if the complaint is not resolved.
4.
If the complaint is resolved by mediation, where appropriate the mediator may seek to ensure the parties
execute a document that sets out the agreement that has been reached. This agreement will be signed
by the complainant and the respondent(s). We expect the parties involved to respect and comply with the
terms of the agreement.
5.
If the complaint is not resolved by mediation, the complainant may:
•
write to the Complaints Manager to request that the Complaints Manager reconsider the complaint; and
•
approach any relevant external agency, such as an anti-discrimination or equal opportunity commission,
to resolve the matter.
We recognise that there are some situations where mediation may not be appropriate, including:
•
when the people involved have completely different versions of the incident;
•
when one or both parties are unwilling to attempt mediation;
•
when there is a real or perceived power imbalance between the people involved;
•
matters that involve serious allegations.
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ATTACHMENT D3:
INVESTIGATION PROCESS
There will be times when a complaint will need to be investigated and information gathered.
An investigation helps determine the facts relating to the incident, if requested, recommendations as to possible
findings and next steps.
Any investigation we conduct will be fair to all people involved. The investigation process will be undertaken by
an unbiased person.
If we decide that a complaint should be investigated, we will follow the steps outlined below.
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1.
We will provide a written brief to the investigator that sets out the terms of engagement and his or her
roles and responsibilities.
2.
The investigator may:
•
interview the complainant and record the interview in writing;
•
provide full details of the complaint to the respondent(s) so that they can respond
•
interview the respondent(s) to allow them to answer the complaint and record the interview in writing;
•
obtain statements from witnesses and collect other relevant evidence;
•
make a finding as to whether the complaint is:
•
substantiated (there is sufficient evidence to support the complaint)
•
inconclusive (there is insufficient evidence either way);
•
unsubstantiated (there is sufficient evidence to show that the complaint is unfounded);
•
mischievous, vexatious or knowingly untrue.
•
provide a report to the Board documenting the complaint, the investigation process, the evidence,) and, if
requested, any findings and recommendations.
3.
We will provide a report to the complainant and the respondent(s) documenting the complaint, the
investigation process and summarising key points from the investigation.
4.
The complainant and the respondent(s) will be entitled to support throughout this process from their
chosen support person or adviser (e.g. MPIO).
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ATTACHMENT D4:
TRIBUNAL PROCEDURES
We will follow the steps set out below to hear formal complaints made under our Member Protection Policy.
Preparing for a Tribunal Hearing:
1.
A Tribunal panel will be established, according to the rules set out in our constituent documents, rules and
by-laws, to hear a complaint that has been referred to it by the Complaints Manager.
2.
The number of Tribunal panel members required to be present throughout the hearing will be three (3).
3.
The Tribunal panel members will be provided with a copy of all the relevant correspondence, reports or
information received and sent by the Complaints Manager relating to the complaint/allegations.
4.
The Tribunal hearing will be held as soon as practicable. However, adequate time must be provided for
the respondent(s) to prepare for the hearing.
5.
The Complaints Manager will inform the respondent(s) in writing that a Tribunal hearing will take place.
The notice will outline:
•
that the person has a right to appear at the Tribunal hearing to defend the complaint/allegations;
•
the details of the complaint and of all allegations, as well as the provision or clause of any policy, rule or
regulation that has allegedly been breached;
•
the date, time and venue of the Tribunal hearing;
•
that verbal and/or written submissions can be presented at the Tribunal hearing;
•
that witnesses may attend the Tribunal hearing to support the position of the respondent/s;
•
an outline of any possible sanctions that may be imposed if the complaint is found to be true;
•
That legal representation will not be allowed. [The respondent may be assisted by a support person at
a Tribunal hearing. For example, where the respondent is a minor, he or she should have a parent or
guardian present. However a person cannot be a support person if he or she has been admitted to the
practise as a lawyer or worked as a trainee lawyer.]
A copy of any investigation report findings will be provided to the respondent(s).
6.
The Complaints Manager will notify the complainant in writing that a Tribunal hearing will take place. The
notice will outline:
•
that the person has a right to appear at the Tribunal hearing to support their complaint;
•
the details of the complaint, including any relevant rules or regulations the respondent is accused of
breaching;
•
the date, time and venue of the Tribunal hearing;
•
that verbal and/or written submissions can be presented at the Tribunal hearing;
•
that witnesses may attend the Tribunal hearing to support the complainant’s position;
•
that legal representation will not be allowed. [The respondent may be assisted b y a support person
at a Tribunal hearing. For example, where the respondent is a minor, he or she should have a parent
or guardian present. However, a person cannot be a support person if he or she has been admitted to
practice as a lawyer or worked as a trainee lawyer.]
A copy of the investigation report findings will be provided to the complainant.
7.
If the complainant believes the details of the complaint are incorrect or insufficient, he or she should inform
the Complaints Manager as soon as possible so that the respondent(s) and members of the Tribunal
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panel can be properly informed of the complaint.
8.
If possible, the Tribunal panel should include at least one person with knowledge or experience of the
relevant laws/rules (e.g. anti-discrimination).
Tribunal Hearing Procedure:
9.
The following people will be allowed to attend the Tribunal hearing:
•
Tribunal panel members;
•
the respondent(s);
•
the complainant;
•
any witnesses called by the respondent(s);
•
any witnesses called by the complainant;
•
any parent/guardian or support person required to support the respondent or the complainant.
10. If the respondent(s) is not present at the set hearing time and the Tribunal chairperson considers that
no valid reason has been presented for this absence, the Tribunal hearing will continue subject to the
chairperson being satisfied that all Tribunal notification requirements have been met.
11. If the Tribunal chairperson considers that there is a valid reason for the non-attendance of the
respondent(s), or the chairperson does not believe the Tribunal notification requirements have been met,
then the Tribunal hearing will be rescheduled to a later date.
12. If the Tribunal chairperson wishes to reschedule the Tribunal hearing date, the Tribunal chairperson will
inform the Complaints Manager of the need to reschedule the hearing and the Complaints Manager will
arrange for the Tribunal to be reconvened.
13. The Tribunal chairperson will read out the complaint, ask each respondent if he or she understands the
complaint and if he or she agrees or disagrees with the complaint.
14. If the respondent agrees with the complaint, he or she will be asked to provide any evidence or witnesses
that should be considered by the Tribunal when determining any sanctions.
15. If the respondent disagrees with the complaint, the complainant will be asked to describe the circumstances
that lead to the complaint being made.
•
Reference may be made to brief notes.
•
The complainant may call witnesses.
•
The respondent may question the complainant and any witnesses.
16. The respondent will then be asked to respond to the complaint.
•
Reference may be made to brief notes.
•
The respondent may call witnesses.
•
The complainant may ask questions of the respondent and any witnesses.
17. The complainant and respondent(s) may be present when evidence is presented to the Tribunal hearing.
Witnesses may be asked to wait outside the hearing until they are required.
18. The Tribunal may:
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•
consider any evidence, and in any form, that it deems relevant;
•
ask questions of any person giving evidence;
•
limit the number of witnesses (including limiting witnesses to those persons who only provide new
evidence);
•
require (to the extent it has power to do so) the attendance of any witness it deems relevant; and
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22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
act in an inquisitorial manner in order to establish the truth of the issue/complaint before it.
19. Video evidence, if available, may be presented. Arrangements for the viewing of this evidence must be
made entirely by the person(s) wishing to offer this type of evidence.
20. If the Tribunal panel considers that at any time during the hearing there is any unreasonable or intimidatory
behaviour from anyone, the Tribunal chairperson may deny further involvement of that person in the
hearing.
21. After all the evidence has been presented, the Tribunal will make its decision in private. The Tribunal must
decide whether the complaint has, on the balance of probabilities, been substantiated.
22. All Tribunal decisions will be by majority vote.
23. The Tribunal chairperson may announce the decision of the Tribunal at the conclusion of the hearing.
Alternatively, he or she may reserve the decision of the Tribunal at the conclusion of the hearing and
deliver the decision at a later time.
24. The respondent(s) will have the opportunity to make submissions to the Tribunal in relation to any
sanctions that may be imposed.
25. Within 48 hours of the Tribunal delivering its decision, the Tribunal chairperson will:
•
forward a notice of the Tribunal’s decision to the Complaints Manager, including details of any sanction
imposed.
•
forward a letter reconfirming the Tribunal’s decision to the respondent(s), including any sanction
imposed. The letter should also outline the process and grounds for an appeal, if allowed.
26. The Tribunal does not need to provide written reasons for its decision.
Appeals Procedure:
27. A complainant or a respondent(s) may lodge with the Complaints Manager an appeal in relation to the
decision of a Tribunal on one or more of the following grounds:
26.1
26.2
26.3
that a denial of procedural fairness has occurred;
that the sanction imposed is unjust and/or unreasonable;
that the decision was not supported by the information/evidence provided at the mediation,
investigation or to the Tribunal Hearing;
28. A person wanting to appeal must lodge a letter setting out the basis for their appeal with the CEO within
21 das of the decision being made. An appeal fee of $1,000 shall be included with the letter of intention
to appeal.
29. If the letter of appeal is not received by the CEO within this time, the right of appeal will lapse. If the letter
of appeal is received but the appeal fee is not received within this time, the appeal will also lapse.
30. The letter of appeal and the notice of the Tribunal’s decision (clause 24) will be forwarded to the Complaints
Manager to review and to decide whether there are sufficient grounds for the appeal to proceed. The
Complaints Manager may invite any witnesses to the meeting that he or she believes are required to
make an informed decision.
31. If the appellant has not shown sufficient grounds for an appeal in accordance with clause 26, then the
appeal will be rejected. The appellant will be notified in writing, including the reasons for the decision. The
appeal fee will be forfeited.
32. If the appeal is accepted, an Appeal Tribunal with new panel members will be convened to rehear the
complaint. In some instances, the fee may be refunded in part or whole if the appeal is upheld.
33. The Tribunal hearing procedure shall be followed for the Appeal Tribunal.
34. The decision of the Appeal Tribunal will be final and binding.
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PART E: REPORTING
REQUIREMENTS AND
DOCUMENTS / FORMS
We will ensure that all the complaints we receive, both
formal and informal, are properly documented. This
includes recording how the complaint was resolved and
the outcome of the complaint.
This information, and any additional records and notes,
will be treated confidentially (subject to disclosure
required by law or permitted under this policy) and
stored in a secure place.
We will treat any allegation of child abuse or neglect
promptly, seriously and with a high degree of sensitivity.
We will ensure that everyone who works with our
organisation in a paid or unpaid capacity understands
how to appropriately receive and record allegations
of child abuse and neglect and how to report those
allegations to the relevant authorities in their State or
Territory.
ATTACHMENTS:
Attachment E1:
Record of Informal Complaint
Attachment E2:
Record of Formal Complaint
Attachment E3:
Handling an Allegation of Child Abuse
Attachment E4:
Confidential Record of Child Abuse Allegation
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ATTACHMENT E1:
RECORD OF INFORMAL COMPLAINT
Name of person receiving
complaint
Complainant’s Name
Role/status
When/where did the incident take
place?
Date:
□ Over 18
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
/
/
□ Under 18
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
What are the facts relating to the
incident, as stated by complainant?
What is the nature of the
complaint?
(category/basis/grounds)
Tick more than one box if
necessary
What does the complainant want to
happen to resolve the issue?
□ Harassment or □ Discrimination
□ Sexual/sexist □ Selection dispute □ Coaching methods
□ Sexuality □ Personality clash □ Verbal abuse
□ Race
□ Bullying
□ Physical abuse
□ Religion □ Disability
□ Victimisation
□ Pregnancy
□ Child Abuse
□ Unfair decision
□ Other …………………………………………………………………………
What other information has the
complainant provided?
What is the complainant going to
do now?
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If the issue becomes a formal
complaint, this record is to be given to the CEO.
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ATTACHMENT E2:
RECORD OF FORMAL COMPLAINT
Complainant’s Name
Complainant’s contact details
Complainant’s role/position
Name of person complained about
(respondent)
Respondent’s role/position
Location/event of alleged incident
Description of alleged incident
Nature of complaint
(category/basis/grounds)
Tick more than one box if
necessary
Methods (if any) of attempted
informal resolution
Formal resolution procedures
followed (outline)
302
□ Over 18
Phone:
Email:
□ Under 18
Date Formal Complaint
Received: /
/
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
□ Over 18
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
□ Under 18
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
………………………………………….
□ Harassment or □ Discrimination
□ Sexual/sexist □ Selection dispute □ Coaching methods
□ Sexuality □ Personality clash □ Verbal abuse
□ Race
□ Bullying
□ Physical abuse
□ Religion □ Disability
□ Victimisation
□ Pregnancy
□ Child Abuse
□ Unfair decision
□ Other …………………………………………………………………………
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If investigated:
Finding
If heard by Tribunal:
Decision
Action recommended
If mediated:
Date of mediation:
Both/all parties present
Agreement
Any other action taken
If decision was appealed
Decision
Action recommended
Resolution
Completed by
Signed by:
□ Less than 3 months to resolve
□ Between 3 – 8 months to resolve
□ More than 8 months to resolve
Name:
Position:
Signature:
Complainant:
Date
/
/
Respondent:
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If the complaint is of a serious nature,
or if it is taken to and/or dealt with at the National level, the original record must be provided to MA and a copy kept
with the organisation where the complaint was first made.
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ATTACHMENT E3:
whether the allegation should be reported.
•
PROCEDURE FOR HANDLING ALLEGATIONS
OF CHILD ABUSE
IF YOU BELIEVE A CHILD IS IN IMMEDIATE DANGER
OR A LIFE-THREATENING SITUATION, CONTACT THE
POLICE IMMEDIATELY ON 000.
Step 3: Protect the Child and Manage the
Situation:
•
The CEO will assess the immediate risks to the
child and take interim steps to ensure the child’s
safety and the safety of any other children. This
may include redeploying the alleged offender
to a position where there is no unsupervised
contact with children, supervising the alleged
offender or removing/suspending him or her until
any investigations have been concluded. Legal
advice should be sought before any interim
steps are made if the person is an employee
of MA.
•
The CEO will consider what services may be
most appropriate to support the child and his or
her parent/s.
•
The CEO will consider what support services
may be appropriate for the alleged offender.
•
The CEO will put in place measures to protect
the child and the alleged offender from possible
victimisation and gossip.
Fact sheets on reporting allegations of child abuse
in different States and Territories are available at
www.playbytherules.net.au.
We will treat any allegation of child abuse or neglect
promptly, seriously and with a high degree of sensitivity.
All people working with MA in a paid or unpaid capacity
have a duty to report any concerns to the appropriate
authorities, following the steps outlined below.
Step 1: Receive the Allegation:
If a child or young person raises with you an allegation
of child abuse or neglect that relates to them or to
another child, it is important that you listen, stay calm
and be supportive.
DO
DON’T
Make sure you are clear
about what the child has
told you
Do not challenge or
undermine the child
Reassure the child that
what has occurred is not
his or her fault
Do not seek detailed
information, ask leading
questions or offer an
opinion.
Explain that other people
may need to be told in
order to stop what is
happening.
Do not discuss the
details with any person
other than those detailed
in these procedures.
Promptly and accurately
record the discussion in
writing.
Do not contact the
alleged offender.
Step 2: Report the Allegation:
•
•
304
Immediately report any allegation of child abuse
or neglect, or any situation involving a child at
risk of harm, to the police and/or the relevant
child protection agency. You may need to make
a report to both.
Contact the relevant child protection agency
or police for advice if there is any doubt about
If the allegation involves a person to whom this
policy applies, then also report the allegation to
the CEO of MA so that he or she can manage
the situation.
Step 4: Take Internal Action:
Up to three different investigations could be undertaken
to examine allegations that are made against a person
to whom this policy applies, including:
•
•
•
a criminal investigation (conducted
by the police)
a child protection investigation
(conducted by the relevant child
protection agency)
a disciplinary or misconduct inquiry/
investigation (conducted by MA).
MA will assess the allegations and determine what action
should be taken in the circumstances. Depending on
the situation, action may include considering whether
the alleged offender should return to his or her position,
be dismissed, banned or suspended or face other
disciplinary action
If disciplinary action is recommended, we will follow
the procedures set out in Clause 17 of our Member
Protection Policy.
Where required we will provide the relevant government
agency with a report of any disciplinary action we take.
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Contact details for advice or to report an allegation of child abuse:
Australian Capital Territory
ACT Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.afp.gov.au
Office for Children, Youth and Family Services
www.dhcs.act.gov.au/ocyfs/services/care_and_protection
Ph: 1300 556 729
New South Wales
New South Wales Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.police.nsw.gov.au
Department of Community Services
www.community.nsw.gov.au
Ph: 132 111
Northern Territory
Northern Territory Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.pfes.nt.gov.au
Department of Children and Families
www.childrenandfamilies.nt.gov.au
Ph: 1800 700 250
Queensland
Queensland Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.police.qld.gov.au
Department of Communities
www.communities.qld.gov.au/childsafety
Ph: 1800 811 810
South Australia
South Australia Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.sapolice.sa.gov.au
Department for Education and Child Development
www.families.sa.gov.au/childsafe
Ph: 131 478
Tasmania
Tasmania Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.police.tas.gov.au
Department of Health and Human Services
www.dhhs.tas.gov.au/children
Ph: 1300 737 639
Victoria
Victoria Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: (03) 9247 6666
www.police.vic.gov.au
Department of Human Services
www.dhs.vic.gov.au
Ph: 131 278
Western Australia
Western Australia Police
Non-urgent police assistance
Ph: 131 444
www.police.wa.gov.au
Department for Child Protection
www.dcp.wa.gov.au
Ph: (08) 9222 2555 or 1800 622 258
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ATTACHMENT E4:
CONFIDENTIAL RECORD OF CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATION
Before completing this form, please ensure that the steps outlined in Attachment B4 have been followed and advice
has been sought from the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
Complainant’s name
(if other than the child)
Role/status in sport
Child’s name
Child’s address
Person’s reason for suspecting
abuse
(e.g. observation, injury,
disclosure)
Name of person complained about
Role/status in sport
Witnesses
(if more than three witnesses,
attach details to this form)
Date formal complaint received:
/
/
Age:
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
Name (1):
Contact details:
Name (2):
Contact details:
Name (3):
Contact details:
Interim action taken
(if any)
Police contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
Child protection agency contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
CEO contacted
Who:
When:
Finding:
Police investigation
(if any)
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□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
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Child protection agency
investigation (if any)
Finding:
Internal investigation
(if any)
Finding:
Action taken
Completed by
Signed by
Name:
Position:
Signature:
/ /
Complainant (if not a child)
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If required, they should be provided to
the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
307
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ATTACHMENT E4:
CONFIDENTIAL RECORD OF CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATION
Before completing this form, please ensure that the steps outlined in Attachment B4 have been followed and advice
has been sought from the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
Complainant’s name
(if other than the child)
Role/status in sport
Child’s name
Child’s address
Person’s reason for suspecting
abuse
(e.g. observation, injury,
disclosure)
Name of person complained about
Role/status in sport
Witnesses
(if more than three witnesses,
attach details to this form)
Date formal complaint received:
/
/
Age:
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
Name (1):
Contact details:
Name (2):
Contact details:
Name (3):
Contact details:
Interim action taken
(if any)
Police contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
Child protection agency contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
CEO contacted
Who:
When:
Finding:
Police investigation
(if any)
308
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Child protection agency
investigation (if any)
Finding:
Internal investigation
(if any)
Finding:
Action taken
Completed by
Signed by
Name:
Position:
Signature:
/ /
Complainant (if not a child)
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If required, they should be provided to
the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
309
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ATTACHMENT E4:
CONFIDENTIAL RECORD OF CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATION
Before completing this form, please ensure that the steps outlined in Attachment B4 have been followed and advice
has been sought from the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
Complainant’s name
(if other than the child)
Role/status in sport
Child’s name
Child’s address
Person’s reason for suspecting
abuse
(e.g. observation, injury,
disclosure)
Name of person complained about
Role/status in sport
Witnesses
(if more than three witnesses,
attach details to this form)
Date formal complaint received:
/
/
Age:
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
Name (1):
Contact details:
Name (2):
Contact details:
Name (3):
Contact details:
Interim action taken
(if any)
Police contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
Child protection agency contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
CEO contacted
Who:
When:
Finding:
Police investigation
(if any)
310
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Child protection agency
investigation (if any)
Finding:
Internal investigation
(if any)
Finding:
Action taken
Completed by
Signed by
Name:
Position:
Signature:
/ /
Complainant (if not a child)
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If required, they should be provided to
the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
311
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
ATTACHMENT E4:
CONFIDENTIAL RECORD OF CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATION
Before completing this form, please ensure that the steps outlined in Attachment B4 have been followed and advice
has been sought from the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
Complainant’s name
(if other than the child)
Role/status in sport
Child’s name
Child’s address
Person’s reason for suspecting
abuse
(e.g. observation, injury,
disclosure)
Name of person complained about
Role/status in sport
Witnesses
(if more than three witnesses,
attach details to this form)
Date formal complaint received:
/
/
Age:
□ Administrator (volunteer)
□ Rider / Participant
□ Coach/Assistant Coach
□ Employee (paid)
□ Official
Name (1):
Contact details:
Name (2):
Contact details:
Name (3):
Contact details:
Interim action taken
(if any)
Police contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
Child protection agency contacted
Who:
When:
Advice provided:
CEO contacted
Who:
When:
Finding:
Police investigation
(if any)
312
□ Parent
□ Spectator
□ Support Personnel
□ Other
………………………………………….
22 MEMBER PROTECTION POLICY
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
Child protection agency
investigation (if any)
Finding:
Internal investigation
(if any)
Finding:
Action taken
Completed by
Signed by
Name:
Position:
Signature:
/ /
Complainant (if not a child)
This record and any notes must be kept in a confidential and safe place. If required, they should be provided to
the police and/or the relevant child protection agency.
313
B
A
A
D
B
A
B
E
C2
B2
C
1
B
B
1
im
in
M
A
A/E
R
ic
or
st
i
H
o
ot
o
M
c
to
s
ro
B
E
B
E
C2
B
B
1
A
ss
ro
oc
t
o
M
ro
sic
s
du
a
Cl
En
Su
NA
B
C
A
s&
ss
ro
rc
pe
B
F
C / B1
A
C
C
V
AT
1
A
B
C1
A
A/C
A
S
ay
dw
e
pe
B
D
B
A
C
A
r
Di
ra
tT
ck
B
D
B
A
C
A
rt
Di
sic
s
a
Cl
A
B
A
A
C
A
k
ac
Tr
k
ac
Tr
Su
B
A/E
NA
A
A
D
D
C
&
C
G
NA
NA
o
ot
rm
e
p
T
l
ria
d
ar
ot
m
i
in
M
B
C
C1
B
C
C
h
ik
in
M
Road Race notes:
1. Knee & boot
scrapers that spark
when dragged on the
ground are forbidden.
Minimoto
notes:
1. E type
only
applicable
to classes
other than
Elite Open.
2. Only
required
when
clothing
type E is
worn.
Motocross & Enduro notes:
1. Protective clothing must not be
loose or flapping.
2. Junior competitors only. Soft
roost protection is not permitted in
Enduro events.
ATV
notes:
Soft roost
protection
alone is
unaccepta
ble.
1. B type
only
applicable
for Dirt
Track.
Speed-way notes:
Mechanics are
encouraged to dress in
team attire.
1. Full upper-body
armour must be worn
under clothing type C.
Minikhana
notes:
1. Only
applicable
for
Minicross,
Mini Enduro
and
Reliability
events.
1. Hair longer than shoulder length must be confined in the helmet or jacket.
2. Body jewellery is to be removed or securely covered with tape prior to competition.
3. Closed footwear must be worn in all pit areas (including pit lane, fuel control areas, work areas or parc ferme) at all times, and within any competition area for Minikhana.
B
Notes:
Gloves
1
A
1
NA
Body Armour
Footwear
NA
A
Back Protection
A
A
Clothing
D
D
314
Helmet
R
d
oa
ce
Ra
d
oa
g
cin
Ra
a
an
APP A: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING/EQUIPMENT
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
PROTECTIVE CLOTHING AND EQUIPMENT
APP A: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING/EQUIPMENT
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
1HELMETS
A
As approved under FIM Technical Rules
(see www.fim-live.com):
ECE 22 - 05 Type P
[Label typically affixed inside
the helmet on chin strap]
European
standard
C
ECE 22 - 05 Type NP or J
[Label affixed inside the helmet]
D
2CLOTHING
USA standard
Japanese
standard
B
Level A standard, and
Fitted with an emergency
helmet eject system.
[For Australian National
Championship events only]
Australian
standard
A one- or two-piece suit constructed of leather or
other material of similar or greater durability.
Where suits and jackets are fitted with front
opening slide fasteners; a safety strap must be
fitted and secured at the neck.
Provision must be made to attach the jacket
securely to the trousers while competing when
wearing a two-piece suit (using zips, press
studs, laces etc.), and
The following areas must be padded with at
least a double layer of leather or enclosed
plastic foam at least 8mm thick:
i) Shoulders,
ii) Elbows,
iii) Both sides of torso & hip joint, and
iv) Knees.
B
Standards Association of
Australia AS1698
Examples:
Full face helmet to:
Level A standard
A
JIS T 8133: 2007
JIS T 8133: 2015
[Label affixed inside the helmet]
Example:
European
standard
Note: Only helmets of single shell construction
are permitted for road racing events. Two piece
or flip top helmets complying with AS1698 or
other MA approved standards may be used for
recreational riding only.
The ECE mark consists of a
circle surrounding the letter E
followed by the distinguishing
number of the country that has
granted approval (from 1 to 49).
Example:
SNELL M2010, M2015
[Label affixed inside the helmet]
Examples:
Level A standard, or
A one-piece suit constructed of leather,
reinforced nylon, or waxed cotton.
A jacket or jersey made of:
a) Leather, or
b) Close knit fabric of natural or synthetic fibre,
which must be a snug fit and provide protection
against abrasion to the body and arms; or
c) Waxed cotton.
And trousers made of:
a) Leather, or
b) Nylon lined motocross type, or
c) Padded denim motocross type, or
d) Reinforced padded nylon,
e) Padded waterproof waxed cotton
Trousers of other than leather must be noncombustible and be fitted with a lining.
Note: Both must leave no part of the body
uncovered when the competitor is in the normal
riding position.
315
APP A: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING/EQUIPMENT
C
A jersey made of close knit fabric of natural or
synthetic fibre, which must be a snug fit and
provide protection against abrasion to the body
and arms, and
Trousers of leather or synthetic material of
similar durability.Trousers of other than leather
must be non-combustible and be fitted with a
lining.
D
Trousers that cover rider from top of the
boots to the waist, and a shirt with sleeves.
E
Clothing to Level A standards
Minimoto Race Suit
Motocross style pants, and a jacket made of
leather.
3
A commercially manufactured back protector,
except where suits/jackets are fitted with integral
back protection.
Protection of the back must be continuous and
cover all of the back area between the collar and
the base of the spine
B
Not mandatory
4
BODY ARMOUR
A
In-built or commercially manufactured armour
which protects the elbows and shoulders is
required.
B
Level A standard, and
Where the armour is not constructed as a onepiece suit type, knee guards must be used.
C
5FOOTWEAR
A
Commercially manufactured upper body
protection (front and back) full-body armour
must be worn.
Boots with ankle and calf protection which must
comply with the following:
a) Constructed of leather or other material of
similar or greater durability but must not be
constructed of rubber,
b) At least overlap the suit or trousers The suit
and boot must overlap and be secure when
the rider is in the normal riding position, and
c) Not have soft leather soles.
Sidecar rider and passengers may wear ankle
length boots.
B
Level A standard, and
For solo competitors, in the case of the left foot,
have a steel skid and be made with a curved
front extending at least 50mm over the toe of
the boot.
BACK PROTECTOR
A
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
C
Boots which must be:
a) Constructed of leather, plastic or other
similarly durable material, and
b) Of a length that must at least cover ¾ of the
length of the lower leg. The trousers and boots
must overlap and be secure when the rider is
in the normal riding position.
D
Level C standard, and of recognised Dirt Track
type.
E
Level C standard, and of recognised Motocross
type.
Synthetic or rubber boots may be worn as an
alternative to leather for competitors with smaller
than a size 1 foot (Juniors Only).
F
Level C standard, and of recognised Motorcycle
type.
G
Calf length boots constructed of leather or
similar durable material.
6GLOVES
A
Gloves of non-split leather or other material
of similar or greater durability and having the
following properties:
a) A minimum thickness of 1.5mm,
b) Be fire retardant,
c) Be resistant to abrasion,
d) Have perspiration absorbing qualities,
e) Be medically non-toxic and non-allergenic.
B
Gloves of leather or other material of similar or
greater durability.
Fingerless gloves may be worn by passengers
on sidecars.
316
C
Not mandatory
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
7
APP A: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING/EQUIPMENT
GOGGLES AND VISORS
7.1
All Disciplines (except Trial)
7.1.0.1 Eye protection, including spectacles,
goggles, helmet visors to comply with the
following:
a) Eye protectors and spectacles are
made of non-shattering material,
b) Eye protectors which cause visual
disturbance are not to be used,
c) Visors must be an integral part of the
helmet,
d) Metal or Perspex face shields are
not permitted,
e) Eye shades or peaks must be of a
flexible material.
7.1.0.2 Visors mounted on the helmet or peak
may not be used unless:
a) The visor is made of a flexible
material that will not shatter on
impact,
b) Any rivets or screws used to mount
the mechanism are fitted with their
heads flush with the inner or lower
surface, provided that where flush
finishing is impractical on a peak,
round headed screws or pop rivets
projecting no more than 3mm from
the surface may be used.
7.2
Off-Road Disciplines
7.2.0.1 Tear-off’s are banned for all OffRoad related disciplines, including
Minikhana.
7.2.0.2 Exemptions are available for Junior,
Senior and Classic Motocross events
by application of the Track Licensee to
the Relevant Controlling Body.
a) Automatic exemptions will apply
for Supercross events held at
temporary tracks and venues.
For Off-Road disciplines a competitor
must, at the start of each event or special
test, be wearing goggles or a similar
form of eye protection. It is strongly
recommended that the competitor wear
the eye protection at all times during the
event. Where the competitor removes
their eye protection during the course of
an event, they do so entirely at their own
risk.
HELMET FITTING GUIDE
1.
2.
3.
4
5.
6
7.
8.
9
10.
11
Start by measuring the size required at the crown of the head.
Put helmet on and connect the strap, then tighten as required.
Check that there is no side to side movement [image 3]
With your head tilted forwards, try to pull the helmet off from the back [see images 4a-c].
Check that you can see clearly over your shoulders.
Make sure you can breathe easily in the helmet and that no part of the helmet covers your nose or
mouth.
Never wind a scarf around the helmet so that it may obstruct air from entering your helmet.
Never have a scarf trapped under the strap.
Make sure you can open the visor with one gloved hand.
Satisfy yourself the back of your helmet is designed to protect your neck.
Always buy the best helmet you can afford.
3
4a
4b
4c
317
318
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Green flag waved
Last lap board
Purple flag
Black and white chequered flag waved
x
x
x
x
Green light = Green flag waved
Red light = Red flag waved
No Jump Light = MX Yellow flag
x
x
One or two flashing yellow lights
= Yellow flagged waved
Flag signals may be supplemented by light signals as follows:
x
x
x
Blue flag waved
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
Blue flag held stationary
x
White flag waved
Yellow flag with black diagonal cross
Yellow flag with red stripes held stationary
x
x
x
x
Yellow flag waved
MX Yellow flag held stationary
x
x
Yellow flag held stationary
MX Yellow flag waved
x
x
x
Black flag held stationary and black board
with rider's number
x
x
x
x
White flag with red cross waved
x
M
r
oc
ot
s&
os
x
x
x
Red flag waved
ic
or
st
Hi
g
cin
Ra
x
x
x
ce
Ra
National flag dropped or raised
ad
Ro
ad
Ro
sic
as
Cl
r
pe
Su
X
M
s
os
cr
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
&
si
as
ro
du
En
Cl
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
k
A
ts
es
TV
lT
ac
Tr
ia
ec
Sp
i rt
cD
x
x
x
x
dw
ee
Sp
ay
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
T
rt
Di
ck
ra
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
T
ck
ra
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
o
ot
m
er
p
Su
Tr
l
ia
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
x
M
Danger, overtaking forbidden, jumping forbidden
Race or practice stopped prematurely. Competitors must slow down, must not overtake and
must slowly proceed to the parc fermé, pits, or other area indicated to them by officials
Course clear
Immediate danger, slow down, prepare to stop, overtaking forbidden
Finish of Race, Practice session or Qualifying
Protest flag for all junior competitors
The last lap of the race is about to commence
Course clear
Overtaking signal warning that the rider is about to be overtaken
Overtaking signal warning that the rider is soon to be overtaken
Slow moving intervention vehicle on track
Last lap flag for Speedway only
Deterioration of adhesion of the track
Great danger, prepare to stop, no overtaking. A significant reduction in speed must be
observed; therefore, jumps should not be attempted.
(The waved yellow flag is superior to the stationary yellow flag)
Danger, ride cautiously prepare to stop jumping and overtaking forbidden
Immediate danger, slow down, prepare to stop, overtaking forbidden
Danger, ride slowly, overtaking is forbidden
Competitor with number indicated on black board must stop at the pits on the next lap
Medical staff on track, proceed with extreme caution. Riders must roll each jump individually
with no overtaking until past the area of concern.
Race or Practice stopped prematurely. Competitors must slow down, must not overtake and
must slowly proceed to the parc fermé, pits, or other area indicated to them by officials.
The red flag will also be used to signal the end of a demonstration
Start of race
na
ha
ik
in
APPENDIX B: FLAGS & SIGNALS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
NA
A
A
A / C1
Sound Emissions
Allowance dB(A)
Sound Emissions
Method for Testing
Fuel
All Machines
Fuel
Exceptions
Road
Race
notes:
1. 125cc &
250GP 2stroke
machines
only
95
Sound Emissions
LIMIT dB(A)
ad
Ro
95
g
rc
pe
Su
si
as
Cl
irt
cD
D
A
B
2
1 Post-Race
Pre-Race
112
NA
D
A
NA
95
NA
A
B
2
3 Post-Race
Pre-Race
112
&
ad
s&
X
Ro
os
M
r
ir c
ro
oc
sic
o
du
st
ot
as
i
l
n
H
M
C
E
Historic RR notes:
1. Excludes Period 5
and Period 6 Solo
machines
B1
C
A
NA
ce
Ra
cin
Ra
ss
ro
D
A
B
4
112
a
Tr
V
AT
ck
(M
D
A
B
3
115
SX
X,
&
V
AT
E
B1
A
B
3
115
w
ed
ir
ck
&
ck
)
ac
Tr
t
r
Di
k
NA
A
B
4
112
&
ck
o
m
C1
A
B
4
112
to
ia
Tr
Trial
notes:
1. Classic
classes
only
r
pe
Su
a
Tr
Dirt Track &
Track notes:
1. Senior and Classic
classes only
B1 / D
A
B
3
115
ay
ra
tT
dw
ee
p
S
,D
ay
Speedway notes:
1. Senior,
Classic
and 250cc/
350cc
Junior
classes
only
pe
(S
o)
ur
nd
a
Tr
l
NA
A
B
4
112
M
Re
rd
co
-
-
NA
NA
No Limit
ha
ik
in
na
m
te
At
s
pt
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS & FUEL
319
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS & FUEL
1
SOUND EMISSIONS:
METHOD FOR TESTING
A
30 Metre Ride-By Test
The sound levels will be measured with the
sound meter/microphone fixed on a tripod, in the
horizontal position, 30 metres from the edge of
the track at a high speed point.
B
2 Metre Max Method
Refer to Appendix C: 1.4 Use of Sound Level
Meters: 2 Metre Max Method
1.1
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.2
1.2.1
1.2.2
1.2.3
1.2.4
320
Sound Testing: General
Sound testing must be carried out at
all permitted events however it is not
mandatory to test all machines
Where government regulations or
planning orders exist in relation to lower
sound emissions or where a venue has
lower sound emission requirements
as part of the hire contract, the sound
emission required will prevail over
Appendix C.
Sound Control during Competition
The Sound Control Officer (SCO) must
arrive in sufficient time for discussions
with the Clerk of the Course and other
Technical Officials in order that a suitable
test site and testing policy can be agreed.
Machines can be tested before, or after
competing in an event, chosen by ballot,
or as required by a Steward, Clerk of
Course or SCO.
Sound testing apparatus must:
a) Comply with International standard
IEC 651, Type 1 or Type 2.
b) Include a compatible calibrator,
which must be used immediately
before testing begins and always
just prior to a re-test if a disciplinary
sanction may be imposed.
Sound testing apparatus must be set to:
a) ‘Fast response’,
b) ‘A’ weighted,
c) Select range High 80~130 dB,
d) Activate the function MAX MIN - set
on MAX.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.3.5
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
Machine Testing
No person may compete in any event
on a machine whose sound emissions
exceed the prescribed levels.
If a machine fails, it can be represented
for re-testing.
A machine which does not comply with
the sound limits can be presented several
times.
Provided sound emission levels are not
exceeded, exhaust systems may operate
without silencers
Tests shall not take place in the rain
Use of Sound Level Meters: 2 Metre
Max Method
Set up of the sound meter and the
motorcycle:
a) The sound levels will be measured
with the sound meter/microphone
fixed on a tripod, in the horizontal
position, at the rear of the
motorcycle.
b) For the place and position of the
motorcycle, ensure that there are
no solid obstacles within a 10 metre
radius of the microphone.
c) The sound meter will be positioned
at a distance of two metres behind
the motorcycle, with an angle of 45°
away from the centerline, on the
exhaust side and at a height of 1.35
metres above the ground, with the
sound meter level.
d) The two metre distance is measured
from the point where the centre of
rear tyre touches the ground.
e) It is preferred that the tests are
conducted on soft ground, to prevent
reverberation, for example, grass or
fine gravel.
f) In other than moderate wind,
machines should face forward in to
the wind direction.
g) The ambient sound level must
remain lower than 100 dB/A.
Positioning of the motorcycle:
The reference points:
a) For a motorcycle: the contact point
of the rear wheel on the ground.
b) For motorcycles fitted with two
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
1.4.3
exhaust outputs, the measurement
will be made on the side of the air
intake. If a central positioned air
intake is used, both sides will be
tested.
c) For Sidecars: the contact point of the
side wheel on the ground.
Testing method:
a) The measurement can be made with
the motorcycle on its wheels or on a
stand, with a hot engine.
b) During a sound test, machines not
equipped with a gear box neutral
must be placed on a stand.
c) The SCO should stand beside
the motorcycles, opposite the
microphone and not screen or
stand between the bike and the
microphone. An assistant, placed on
the left side of the motorcycle, shall
disengage the clutch.
d) The SCO shall open the throttle as
fast as possible until full open throttle
(instantly, within 0.3 seconds) and
keep at max engine ‘rpm’ for at least
one second. To end, the SCO will
release the throttle quickly.
e) If the result exceeds the limit,
including ‘after fire’, the Inspector
shall test the motorcycle a maximum
of two more times.
f) For motorcycles equipped with an
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS & FUEL
g)
h)
i)
j)
k)
l)
m)
engine rpm limiter, opening the
throttle will be made - instantly, within
0.3 seconds - and kept open until at
least one second has evolved and/or
when there is an audible sign of over
revving the engine.
For motorcycles without an engine
‘rpm’ limiter, the opening of the
throttle will have to be lower than
two seconds and/or when there is
an audible sign of over-revving the
engine.
If the engine tends to suffocate,
close the throttle slightly and re-open
the throttle.
If detonations appear, the
measurement must be started again.
The numbers obtained from the test
shall not be rounded down.
For the sound level measurement,
the handling of the throttle is limited
only to the SCO, who shall open
the throttle themselves in order to
minimize the influence by another
operator (for that, it is helpful to have
the microphone equipped with an
extension cable to the sound meter).
The motorcycle may be tested in
gear.
Exhaust system damage during the
321
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS & FUEL
1.4.4
322
race: silencers fitted with removable
end cap/adapters/inserts to reduce
sound must be securely mounted. If
removable end cap/adapters/inserts
become separated from the silencer
during practice, qualifying or race
and the machine exceeds posted
sound limits, the silencer will be
deemed modified and a penalty will
apply. Motorcycle exhaust systems
sustaining damage during the race
must meet post-race sound limits.
n) Any competitor whose machine
is tested post-race and found to
exceed the maximum allowed postrace sound limit will be relegated
three finishing positions for the
previous race. Post-qualifying, the
riders’ best lap will be removed from
the results.
o) Machines found to be using lower
RPM limits for the static sound
test than what is used on track will
be immediately excluded from the
previous race. This may be verified
by the use of a tachometer. For
machines fitted with map select
switches, all switch positions may be
tested.
p) Motorcycles that do not comply with
sound test limits pre-race will not be
permitted to enter the course.
Post-race testing protocol:
a) Immediately after each race,
motorcycles selected for sound
testing must proceed directly to the
sound testing area.
b) Only two crew members per
machine including the rider are
permitted in the sound testing area
at any one time.
c) Where a competitor’s machine does
not proceed directly to the sound
testing area, the competitor will be
subject to a three position relegation.
d) Machines selected for post-race
sound testing must not be adjusted
or interfered with until sound test
is completed. A three position
relegation will apply for noncompliance.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
2FUEL
A
Must be Unleaded, and
i) No more than 100 RON,
ii) Contain no additives other than those added
at the point of manufacture except for lubricating
oils, and
iii) Be readily available in Australia.
For the avoidance of doubt this means the fuel
must be available for sale on demand from a
roadside bowser outlet at each of at least five
separate service stations in each of at least five
Australian States or Territories
Be a brand of fuel homologated by MA that is
compatible with the “Fuel Quality Standards Act
2000”.
B
Level A Fuel, or
Pure Methanol
C
Level A Fuel, or
Leaded Fuel
D
Level A Fuel
Pure Methanol, or
Leaded Fuel
3
FUEL EXCEPTIONS
A
Moto2 and Moto3 GP machines may use fuel in
accordance with the FIM Technical Regulations
B
May use Pure Methanol
C
May use Leaded Fuel
D
May use upper Cylinder lubricant in 4-Stroke
engines
4
4.1
4.1.1
4.1.2
4.1.3
4.1.4
FUEL: GENERAL
Fuel Warning
Fuels and lubricants are highly specialised
substances and participants must be
aware they may contain substances that
are extremely dangerous to human health
if misused, inhaled or allowed to contact
skin.
Some of the components of fuel and
lubricants are suspected of having
the potential to cause cancer in rare
circumstances.
The use of petrol as a general cleaning
and washing agent is a common misuse
of a potentially dangerous substance.
Fuels should be used and stored with
extreme care and in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
4.2
4.2.1
4.2.2
Fuel Testing
For any event, meeting or series, the
Relevant Controlling Body may direct that
no fuels other than fuels of prescribed
specifications and from a prescribed
source may be used.
a) Tests to ensure that only prescribed
fuels are used in an event, meeting
or series may be administered at any
time and place during the course of
the same,
b) The Clerk of Course, Race Director
or Chief Scrutineer may direct the
administration of fuel tests.
Fuel tests must comply with the following
procedures:
a) All containers for holding samples
must be clean and constructed of
robust non-reactive impermeable
material, must be sealable, and must
have provision for identification,
b) Equipment used for the extraction
of fuel from machines must be clean
and constructed of fuel non-reactive
material,
c) All samples must be divided into two
lots (Sample A and Sample B) of not
less than 5ml each, which must be
placed in separate containers,
d) Once samples are placed in
containers, the containers must
immediately be sealed and identified
by reference to the machine from
which the sample was taken. This
information must be entered on a
fuel sample certificate which must
certify the date, place and time of
taking the sample, the identity of the
machine from which the sample was
taken and the identity of the rider,
e) Both samples must remain in
the control of the official who
administered the test.
f) The rider or the representative must
sign the fuel sample certificate
acknowledging samples have been
taken and are sealed,
g) All samples held by the official must
be delivered as soon as practicable
after the competition to the relevant
controlling body which must deliver
the Sample A as soon as practicable
APPENDIX C: SOUND EMISSIONS & FUEL
to a laboratory approved by MA
where they must be tested for
content and quality in accordance
with standard scientific procedures,
h) The relevant controlling body must
as soon as practicable after receipt
of the results notify the rider or
rider’s team representative and MA,
i) If the rider is dissatisfied with the
test result of sample A, they may
request sample B be tested at an
MA approved laboratory in their
presence.
4.3Refuelling
4.3.1
During refuelling, each machine must be
stationary with the engine stopped.
4.3.2
Refuelling will be deemed to have
commenced when the fuel tank has been
opened and completed when the tank is
closed.
4.3.3
Smoking is strictly prohibited in areas
where refuelling is permitted.
4.3.4
Riders are liable for exclusion from an
event for failing to adhere to GCR 5.3.3,
and are responsible for the actions of their
mechanics and support team members.
5
5.0.1
5.0.2
5.0.3
HOMOLOGATION OF FUEL
Unleaded fuel produced by an oil company
for sale in the Australian general transport
fuel market through retail petrol pumps in
at least five States does not have to be
homologated. For the avoidance of doubt
this means the fuel must be available for
sale on demand from a roadside bowser
outlet at each of at least five separate
service stations in each of at least five
Australian States or Territories.
Organisations seeking homologation of
fuel must provide MA with:
a) 2 one-litre sealed containers of the
fuel for analysis,
b) Details of the fuels characteristics,
c) The distribution network,
d) The price structure,
e) A homologation fee of $2,500 in
the first year and $2,000 per year
thereafter.
Fuels approved under this GCR will be
published at www.ma.org.au.
323
MODEL SUPPLEMENTARY REGS
2017 MANUAL OF MOTORCYCLE SPORT
UP TO DATE MODEL SUPPLEMENTARY
REGULATIONS ARE NOW AVAILABLE EXCLUSIVELY
ON THE MA WEBSITE.
PLEASE VISIT WWW.MA.ORG.AU OR
CALL (03) 9684 0500 FOR MORE INFORMATION
324
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