HP StorageWorks
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
Part number: AE102-96013
Seventh edition: March 2008
Legal and notice information
© Copyright 2005, 2008 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., all rights reserved.
Confidential computer software. Valid license from HP required for possession, use or copying. Consistent with FAR 12.211
and 12.212, Commercial Computer Software, Computer Software Documentation, and Technical Data for Commercial Items
are licensed to the U.S. Government under vendor's standard commercial license.
The information contained herein is subject to change without notice. The only warranties for HP products and services are set
forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and services. Nothing herein should be construed as
constituting an additional warranty. HP shall not be liable for technical or editorial errors or omissions contained herein.
Hitachi and Universal Replicator are registered trademarks of Hitachi, Ltd.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows XP, and Windows NT are U.S. registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Oracle is a registered U.S. trademark of Oracle Corporation, Redwood City, California.
ShadowImage and TrueCopy are registered trademarks of Hitachi, Ltd. and Hitachi Data Systems Corporation.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group.
Contents
About this guide ................................................................................... 7
Intended audience ...................................................................................................................... 7
Related documentation ................................................................................................................ 7
Document conventions and symbols ............................................................................................... 7
Conventions for storage capacity values ........................................................................................ 9
Rack stability .............................................................................................................................. 9
HP technical support ................................................................................................................... 9
Customer self repair .................................................................................................................. 10
Product warranties .................................................................................................................... 10
Subscription service .................................................................................................................. 10
HP websites ............................................................................................................................. 10
Documentation feedback ........................................................................................................... 10
1 Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array ............................................ 11
Continuous data availability .......................................................................................................
Non-disruptive service and upgrades ...........................................................................................
Connectivity .............................................................................................................................
Scalability ...............................................................................................................................
Basic configuration .............................................................................................................
Adding storage ..................................................................................................................
Data integrity and high availability .............................................................................................
HP XP10000 product contents ....................................................................................................
Included components ..........................................................................................................
Additional required components ...........................................................................................
Optional components .........................................................................................................
HP XP10000 supported features .................................................................................................
HP XP10000 specifications .................................................................................................
Supported operating systems ...............................................................................................
Supported external storage ..................................................................................................
Web-based array management ............................................................................................
HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Track ..................................................................................
HP XP10000 Software ..............................................................................................................
Storage management software .............................................................................................
Performance management software ......................................................................................
Data protection and recovery software ..................................................................................
Mainframe software ...........................................................................................................
11
11
12
12
13
13
14
14
14
15
15
15
15
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
2 HP XP10000 hardware components ................................................... 21
Disk controller ..........................................................................................................................
Service processor (SVP) .............................................................................................................
Control panel ...........................................................................................................................
Disk chassis .............................................................................................................................
Disk drives ...............................................................................................................................
Backup batteries .......................................................................................................................
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
21
21
21
24
24
25
3
Optional management server ..................................................................................................... 25
3 HP XP10000 operations ................................................................... 27
General safety guidelines ..........................................................................................................
Powering down the disk array ....................................................................................................
Emergency power off ..........................................................................................................
Planned power off ..............................................................................................................
Recovering from an unplanned power outage ...............................................................................
Manual restart after power is restored ...................................................................................
To restart the disk array manually: ..................................................................................
Automatic restart when power is restored ...............................................................................
Operating specifications ............................................................................................................
Temperature ......................................................................................................................
Humidity ...........................................................................................................................
Mechanical vibration ..........................................................................................................
AC line voltage requirements ...............................................................................................
27
28
29
29
29
30
30
30
31
31
31
32
32
4 HP XP10000 Troubleshooting ............................................................ 33
Service information messages ..................................................................................................... 33
Failure detection and reporting process ....................................................................................... 33
5 Regulatory statements ....................................................................... 35
FCC EMC statement (USA) .........................................................................................................
IEC statement (worldwide) ..........................................................................................................
EMC statement (Canada) ...........................................................................................................
Spécification ATI Classe A (France) .............................................................................................
VCCI EMC statement (Japan) .....................................................................................................
BSMI EMC statement (Taiwan) ....................................................................................................
RRL EMC statement (Korea) ........................................................................................................
Harmonics conformance (Japan) .................................................................................................
German noise declaration ..........................................................................................................
Laser safety ..............................................................................................................................
Japan DENAN law cordset caution .............................................................................................
European WEEE statements ........................................................................................................
35
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
36
36
37
37
Glossary ............................................................................................ 45
Index ................................................................................................. 51
4
Figures
1 HP XP10000 Disk Array configuration ....................................................................... 13
2 HP XP10000 control panel components ..................................................................... 22
3 Backup power sequence .......................................................................................... 25
4 Optional HP StorageWorks XP Command View Advanced Edition software
configuration .......................................................................................................... 26
5 Failure detection and reporting process ...................................................................... 33
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
5
Tables
1 Document conventions ............................................................................................... 7
2 HP XP10000 Disk Array specifications ...................................................................... 15
3 HP XP10000 control panel components ..................................................................... 22
4 Temperature specifications ....................................................................................... 31
5 Humidity specifications ............................................................................................ 31
6 Mechanical vibration specifications ........................................................................... 32
7 AC voltage specifications ......................................................................................... 32
8 Failure detection and reporting process ...................................................................... 33
6
About this guide
This guide provides information about owning and operating the HP StorageWorks XP10000 Disk
Array.
Unless otherwise noted, the term disk array in this guide refers to the HP XP10000 Disk Array.
Intended audience
This guide is intended for system administrators with knowledge of:
• host hardware
• host operating system
• RAID technology
Related documentation
The following documents provide related information:
• HP StorageWorks
• HP StorageWorks
SVS 200
• HP StorageWorks
• HP StorageWorks
XP10000 Disk Array Site Preparation Guide
XP Remote Web Console user guide for XP12000/XP10000 Disk Arrays and
XP External Storage for XP12000/XP10000 Disk Arrays and SVS 200
XP disk array configuration guides for host operating systems
You can find these documents from the Manuals page of the HP Business Support Center website:
http://www.hp.com/support/manuals
In the Storage section, click Disk Storage Systems and then select the XP10000 disk array product
under XP Disk Arrays.
Document conventions and symbols
Table 1 Document conventions
Convention
Element
Blue text: Document conventions and symbols
Cross-reference links and e-mail addresses
Blue, underlined text: http://www.hp.com
Website addresses
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
7
Convention
Element
• Keys that are pressed
• Text typed into a GUI element, such as a
box
Bold text
• GUI elements that are clicked or selected,
such as menu and list items, buttons, tabs,
and check boxes
Italic text
Text emphasis
• File and directory names
• System output
Monospace text
• Code
• Commands, their arguments, and
argument values
Monospace, italic
Monospace, bold
text
text
• Code variables
• Command variables
Emphasized monospace text
WARNING!
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in bodily harm or death.
CAUTION:
Indicates that failure to follow directions could result in damage to equipment or data.
IMPORTANT:
Provides clarifying information or specific instructions.
NOTE:
Provides additional information.
TIP:
Provides helpful hints and shortcuts.
8
About this guide
Conventions for storage capacity values
Use the following values to calculate physical storage capacity (hard disk drives) for HP XP storage
systems:
• 1 KB (kilobyte) = 1,000 bytes
• 1 MB (megabyte) = 1,0002 bytes
• 1 GB (gigabyte) = 1,0003 bytes
• 1 TB (terabyte) = 1,0004 bytes
Use the following values to calculate logical storage capacity (logical devices) for HP XP storage
systems:
• 1 KB (kilobyte) = 1,024 bytes
• 1 MB (megabyte) = 1,0242 bytes
• 1 GB (gigabyte) = 1,0243 bytes
• 1 TB (terabyte) = 1,0244 bytes
• 1 block = 512 bytes
Rack stability
Rack stability protects personnel and equipment.
WARNING!
To reduce the risk of personal injury or damage to equipment:
•
•
•
•
•
Extend leveling jacks to the floor.
Ensure that the full weight of the rack rests on the leveling jacks.
Install stabilizing feet on the rack.
In multiple-rack installations, fasten racks together securely.
Extend only one rack component at a time. Racks can become unstable if more than one component
is extended.
HP technical support
Telephone numbers for worldwide technical support are listed on the HP support website:
http://www.hp.com/support/
Collect the following information before calling:
•
•
•
•
•
Technical support registration number (if applicable)
Product serial numbers
Product model names and numbers
Error messages
Operating system type and revision level
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
9
• Detailed questions
For continuous quality improvement, calls may be recorded or monitored.
Customer self repair
HP customer self repair (CSR) programs allow you to repair your StorageWorks product. If a CSR
part needs replacing, HP ships the part directly to you so that you can install it at your convenience.
Some parts do not qualify for CSR. Your HP-authorized service provider will determine whether a
repair can be accomplished by CSR.
For more information about CSR, contact your local service provider. For North America, see the CSR
website:
http://www.hp.com/go/selfrepair
This product has no customer replaceable components.
Product warranties
For information about HP StorageWorks product warranties, see the warranty information website:
http://www.hp.com/go/storagewarranty
Subscription service
HP recommends that you register your product at the Subscriber's Choice for Business website:
http://www.hp.com/go/e-updates
After registering, you will receive e-mail notification of product enhancements, new driver versions,
firmware updates, and other product resources.
HP websites
For additional information, see the following HP websites:
•
•
•
•
•
http://www.hp.com
http://www.hp.com/go/storage
http://www.hp.com/service_locator
http://www.hp.com/support/manuals
http://www.hp.com/support/downloads
Documentation feedback
HP welcomes your feedback.
To make comments and suggestions about product documentation, please send a message to
storagedocsFeedback@hp.com. All submissions become the property of HP.
10
About this guide
1 Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
This disk array is part of the HP StorageWorks XP Disk Array series of high-performance RAID-capable
disk array systems used to store large quantities of data in an efficient and secure manner. XP disk
arrays support multiple operating systems, platforms, and RAID groups. Advantages include:
•
•
•
•
•
Continuous data availability
Non-disruptive service and upgrades
Connectivity
Scalability
Data integrity and high availability
Continuous data availability
The HP StorageWorks XP Disk Array family includes the first RAID disk arrays to provide truly continuous
data availability. XP disk arrays are designed for nonstop operation and continuous access to all user
data.
Continuous data availability features include:
• No single point of component failure
• Component and function redundancy for disk array microprocessors, control storage, cache,
control and data buses, power supplies, and cooling fans
Although the failure of a key component can cause a temporary reduction in performance, the disk
array can sustain multiple component failures and still continue to provide full access to stored data.
Non-disruptive service and upgrades
Without disrupting normal disk array operations (if alternate pathing is used), an HP support
representative can:
• Remove, service, repair, or replace hardware subassemblies
• Use the built-in service processor (SVP) to upgrade microcode
Alternate paths can be established using host failover software, alternate Fibre Channel paths, nonstop
SCSI, or combination solutions.
CAUTION:
The disk array has no user-serviceable components. The SVP does not include a keyboard or monitor and
is not a customer-accessible component. Only an HP support representative should open the disk array
cabinets.
HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Track monitoring software detects internal hardware component
problems and automatically reports them to the HP Storage Technology Center (STC) before they are
noticed by operators and users. An HP support representative can verify the problem and perform
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
11
the appropriate maintenance activity, without interruption to applications or hosts. For more information,
see “HP StorageWorks Continuous Track XP” on page 17.
Connectivity
The system can be configured to provide the following types of host connections:
•
•
•
•
•
Fibre Channel: Open Systems; FC-AL or Fabric; 1, 2, or 4 Gbps, single or multimode; LC-Duplex
ESCON: mainframe, serial
FICON: mainframe, LC-Duplex, single or multimode, 1, 2, or 4 Gbps
iSCSI: 8 ports per adapter, 1 Gbps
NAS: 8 ports per adapter, 1 Gbps
Scalability
The disk array is scalable to accommodate your current and future storage capacity needs. Figure 1
and the following text describe the disk array equipment racks.
12
Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
1. Front of the open HP XP10000 disk array
2. Controller, power supplies, control panel, SVP, disk
adapters
3. R0 disk chassis, containing up to 60 disk drives
4. R1 disk chassis, containing up to 60 disk drives
5. Primary rack
6. Second rack
7. R2 disk chassis, containing up to 60 disk drives
8. R3 disk chassis, containing up to 60 disk drives
Figure 1 HP XP10000 Disk Array configuration
Basic configuration
The basic configuration consists of the following:
•
•
•
•
•
one 19-inch rack (#5 in Figure 1)
One disk controller including a control panel and SVP blade PC
A mix board containing disk adapters and host ports
Power supplies, power distribution units (PDUs), backup batteries, power cords, and cabling
One 60-disk chassis (R0, #3 in Figure 1)
The HP XP10000 disk array is also available without a disk chassis.
Adding storage
You can expand the basic configuration by adding disk chassis and disk drives in the following order:
1.
Add a 60-disk chassis (R1, #4 in Figure 1) to the top space of the primary rack. This provides a
total of up to 120 drives.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
13
2.
3.
Add a second rack with one 60-disk chassis (R2, #7 in Figure 1), providing a total of up to 180
drives.
Add a second 60-disk chassis (R3, #8 in Figure 1) to the second rack for a total of up to 240
drives.
An HP support representative is required to add disk chassis and disk drives. Disk chassis and disk
drives can be added online without interruption to applications or hosts.
Data integrity and high availability
To provide the highest levels of data integrity and availability, the HP StorageWorks XP Disk Array
family uses RAID technologies and redundant hardware throughout the disk arrays, including:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
RAID1, RAID5, and RAID6 (mixing RAID levels is allowed)
Mirrored write cache
Dual channel adapters (CHAs)
Dual and concurrently active data and control paths through the array
Split power domains on internal data paths
Hot-pluggable boards
Hot-pluggable fans, power supplies, and controllers
Online upgradable firmware
The following features and products help ensure the disk array meets your requirements for high
availability:
• Capability to report errors by phone or Internet to the HP Storage Technology Center (STC) using
HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Track
• Advanced remote diagnostics
• Full solution (host-SAN-storage) support
• Full software and solution integration enabled by HP software products. For more information, see
“HP XP10000 Software” on page 17.
HP XP10000 product contents
The HP XP10000 disk array product includes hardware, software, services, and support. Some
additional components are required and others are optional, as described in this section. For the most
current product information, visit the HP website:
http://h18006.www1.hp.com/storage/enterprisestorage.html
Included components
The HP XP10000 base product includes the following hardware, software, services, and support:
• One primary rack containing a controller, a disk chassis* for holding up to 60 drives, basic
redundant power supplies, batteries, and cables
• Blade PC Service Processor (SVP)
• Modem
• HP microcode
• XP Remote Web Console web-based array management software
• HP XP Continuous Track software
14
Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HP RAID Manager Library software
Site preparation services
Installation and configuration services
Proactive monitoring and support
Reactive hardware support
Software support
Documentation CD including this owner's guide, configuration guides for host operating systems,
and software guides
*The product is also available without a disk chassis.
Additional required components
•
•
•
•
Cache memory
Shared memory
MIX pair (combined channel and disk adapters)
Hard disk drives
Optional components
HP offers an extensive list of optional hardware, software, and services tailored for HP XP disk arrays,
including the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Additional CHIP pair (channel interface processor)
Additional disk chassis
Additional cache memory
Additional shared memory
HP StorageWorks Command View XP Advanced Edition Software
For more information about software options, see “HP XP10000 Software” on page 17 or contact
your HP support representative.
HP XP10000 supported features
This section summarizes basic features of the disk array.
HP XP10000 specifications
See Table 2 for the power, disk drives, memory, RAID levels, and number of LUNs supported by the
disk array.
Table 2 HP XP10000 Disk Array specifications
Feature
Specification
Power
Single-phase, 200VAC, 50 or 60 Hz
Equipment racks
One standard primary rack One optional second rack
Disk chassis (60 drives each)
One standard primary rack disk chassis One optional primary
rack disk chassis Two optional second rack disk chassis
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
15
Feature
Specification
Maximum hard disk drives
120 in one rack, 240 in two racks
Maximum spare disk drives
16
Maximum parity groups/array
59
Maximum disk drive capacity
69.2 TB
Maximum cache
64 GB
73 GB 15,000 RPM FC
Available hard disk drive
146 GB 10,000 RPM or 15,000 RPM FC
300 GB 10,000 RPM or 15,000 RPM FC
400 GB 10,000 RPM or 15,000 RPM FC
Maximum shared memory
6 GB
MIX pairs
1 pair
CHIP pairs
1 pair, available in FC, iSCSI, NAS, FICON, ESCON
Maximum host ports
48 FC
RAID 1 (2D+2D or 4D+4D)
1
RAID level
RAID 5 (3D+1P or 7D+1P)
RAID 6 (6D+2P)
Maximum LDEVs
16,384 for OPEN systems; 65,536 for mainframes (OPEN system
LDEVS must be in first 16K; mainframe LDEVS may occupy any
part of the available range.)
Maximum LUNs
49,152
Maximum LUNs per port
1024
1
Mixed RAID levels are supported in a disk unit.
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Contact HP for the firmware required to achieve
the maximum number of LDEVs.
Supported operating systems
The disk array supports the following operating systems:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
16
HP-UX
Linux
Windows
HP OpenVMS
HP Tru64
Sun Solaris
IBM AIX
Novell NetWare
SGI IRIX64
Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
•
•
•
•
Nonstop
VMware
z/OS
Mainframe
For the latest information on supported operating systems and versions, contact your HP support
representative or visit the HP website:
http://www.hp.com/
Supported external storage
The disk array connects to the following external storage systems and can provide access to and
management of external volumes:
•
•
•
•
HP StorageWorks XP48, XP128, XP256, XP512, XP1024, XP10000, and XP12000 disk arrays
HP StorageWorks Modular Smart Array MSA1000 and MSA1500
HP StorageWorks EVA3000, EVA4000, EVA5000, EVA6000, and EVA8000 disk arrays
Specific disk array models of other manufacturers. Consult an HP representative for details.
For more information about HP external storage, see the HP StorageWorks XP External Storage for
XP12000/XP10000 Disk Arrays and SVS 200.
Web-based array management
The disk array comes with HP StorageWorks XP Remote Web Console, a browser-based interface
that runs on the SVP and enables you to manage individual disk arrays. To manage multiple arrays
simultaneously, the optional HP StorageWorks Command View XP Advanced Edition Software runs
on a single Windows-based server and can be accessed using remote web clients.
HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Track
HP XP Continuous Track (C-Track) is a remote support solution that detects and reports problems even
before they are noticed by operators and users. C-Track transmits heartbeats, system information
messages (SIMs), and configuration information to HP Storage Technology Centers (STCs) for remote
data collection and monitoring. C-Track also enables the STC to remotely diagnose issues and perform
maintenance, if you permit remote access.
The C-Track solution offers Internet connectivity and modem connectivity. If you choose the Internet-based
remote support solution, additional infrastructure and site preparation are required. This additional
preparation may include server and router requirements, which you and HP may be responsible for
implementing. For more information about the C-Track Internet-based solution, contact an HP
representative.
HP XP10000 Software
HP offers a full suite of software for the HP StorageWorks XP disk arrays. Sophisticated software
packages enable you to:
•
•
•
•
Manage the disk array configuration
Monitor array performance
Optimize your disk array and IT resources
Improve overall storage availability
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
17
• Simplify disaster recovery
• Improve data security
The following topics summarize the types of available software. To learn about specific XP software
products, visit the HP website and navigate to XP storage software:
http://www.hp.com
Storage management software
HP includes versatile Java-based management software with the XP disk array and offers a range of
additional management tools. Among the additional management tools are volume and security
management packages, cache and memory management software, external storage management
tools, data management packages, and SAN management software.
Storage management software products include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
HP
StorageWorks XP Remote Web Console
StorageWorks XP LUN Configuration and Security Manager
StorageWorks LUN Security XP Extension
StorageWorks XP Cache LUN
StorageWorks XP Data Shredder
StorageWorks XP Data Integrity Check
StorageWorks Command View XP Advanced Edition Software
StorageWorks XP Provisioning Manager Software
StorageWorks XP External Storage Software
StorageWorks XP Disk/Cache Partition Software
Storage Essentials
Performance management software
XP performance management software allows you to monitor and set thresholds for disk usage, define
policies for allocating storage to hosts, and automatically migrate impacted data volumes to lower
usage LUNs.
Performance management software products for XP disk arrays include:
•
•
•
•
HP
HP
HP
HP
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
XP
XP
XP
XP
Auto LUN Software
Performance Control Software
Performance Advisor Software
Tiered Storage Manager Software
Data protection and recovery software
HP offers both array-based and host-based replication software for XP arrays. Make point-in-time
copies or snapshots or mirror your data at a remote site for disaster recovery, testing, application
development, reporting, and other uses with HP storage replication solutions.
XP data protection and recovery software products include:
• HP StorageWorks XP Business Copy Software
• HP StorageWorks XP Snapshot Software
• HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Access Software (Synchronous and Asynchronous)
18
Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
•
•
•
•
HP
HP
HP
HP
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
StorageWorks
XP
XP
XP
XP
Continuous Access Journal Software
RAID Manager
Replication Monitor Software
Cluster Extension Software
Mainframe software
HP offers a wide range of mainframe software, including disaster recovery applications, point-in-time
copy solutions, backup applications, and migration solutions. HP mainframe applications merge open
systems and mainframe storage with the HP XP family of arrays for maximum flexibility, scalability,
and ease of management.
XP mainframe software products include:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
HP StorageWorks XP Cache Residency Manager
HP StorageWorks XP for Business Continuity Manager Software
HP StorageWorks XP for Compatible Parallel Access Software
HP StorageWorks XP for FlashCopy Mirroring Software
HP StorageWorks XP for Compatible Extended Remote Copy (XRC) Software
HP StorageWorks Dataset Replication Manager (Logical Volume Divider)
HP StorageWorks XP Data Exchange
Hitachi Cache Manager
Hitachi ShadowImage™ for z/OS
Hitachi TrueCopy up™ for z/OS
Hitachi Universal Replicator™ for z/OS
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
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20
Overview of the HP XP10000 Disk Array
2 HP XP10000 hardware components
There are no single points of failure in HP XP10000 disk arrays. Redundant logic assemblies,
controllers, disk drives, and power supplies can be removed or replaced without interrupting access
to data. This section describes individual physical components of the disk array. See Figure 1 on
page 13 for an overview of the disk array hardware.
CAUTION:
Only your HP support representative can remove or replace hardware.
Disk controller
The disk controller is part of the basic disk array configuration housed in the primary rack and controls
disk array operation. It contains the control panel, connection hardware, power supplies, SVP, and
control boards for the disk array.
Service processor (SVP)
The Service Processor inside the controller performs these functions:
• Collects performance data on the system for diagnostic testing and analysis
• Provides your HP support representative with access to the system
• Hosts system management software
HP support representatives use the SVP to configure, maintain, and upgrade the system software and
hardware. The SVP is not a customer-accessible component.
To protect your security, the SVP does not have access to any user data stored on array disks.
If you have extreme availability requirements, an optional second SVP is available.
Control panel
Once the disk array is powered on and running normally, no user operations are required at the
control panel, except when instructed by your HP support representative.
Figure 2 and Table 3 describe the control panel.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
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Figure 2 HP XP10000 control panel components
Table 3 HP XP10000 control panel components
Item
Label
Indicator
Description
During normal operation, this LED should be on.
1
READY
LED (Green)
ON: Input/output on the channel interface is
enabled.
OFF: The system is not accepting data.
During normal operation, this LED should be off.
ON: One or more of the following:
The DC is under voltage.
The DC is over current.
The temperature is abnormally high.
2
ALARM
LED (Red)
An unrecoverable failure has occurred.
If the disk array is set up with remote support;
your HP support representative is notified
automatically. If the disk array is not set up with
remote support, place a service call to HP to have
the message evaluated to determine if any action
is required.
BLINKING: The DC is under voltage.
22
HP XP10000 hardware components
Item
Label
Indicator
Description
During normal operation, this LED should be off.
3
MESSAGE
LED (Amber)
ON: A service information message (SIM) has
been issued from either storage cluster. If the disk
array is set up for remote support, your HP support
representative is notified automatically. If the disk
array is not set up with remote support, place a
service call to HP to have the message evaluated
to determine if any action is required.
BLINKING: An SVP failure has occurred. The disk
array will continue to operate normally. Place a
service call to HP to ensure notification. SVP
failures might not be reported automatically to
STC.
4
RESTART
Switch
If a blocked path occurs between a host and a
disk drive, this switch is used to unfence the
fenced drive path and to release Write Inhibit.
During normal operation, this switch should be in
the upper position. Restarting the array performs
a soft reset to try to recover. If the system restart
does not unblock the path, an HP support
representative will be notified.
CAUTION:
Do not change the switch position unless
directed to do so by HP service personnel.
5
REMOTE MAINTENANCE
PROCESSING
LED (Amber)
During normal operation, this LED may be on if
remote maintenance is occurring. Remote
maintenance can occur and this LED can light
only when the REMOTE MAINTENANCE
ENABLE/DISABLE switch is in the ENABLE
position.
ON: Remote maintenance is in progress. An HP
support representative is probably working on the
system. The system remains online and accepting
data.
Used to permit remote service maintenance.
During normal operation, this switch should be in
the ENABLE position.
6
REMOTE MAINTENANCE
ENABLE/DISABLE
DISABLE: No one can provide remote
maintenance.
Switch
ENABLE: An HP support representative can
provide remote maintenance.
CAUTION:
Do not change the switch position unless
directed to do so by HP service personnel.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
23
Item
Label
Indicator
Description
During normal operation, this LED should be on.
7
BS-ON
LED (Amber)
ON: The disk array is plugged in and receiving
power from the primary AC outlet. The SVP is
receiving power from the outlet.
OFF: The disk array is not receiving power from
the primary AC outlet. Check the electrical outlets
in your building.
During normal operation, this LED should be on.
8
PS-ON
LED (Green)
ON: The PS ON/OFF switch is on. If the READY
light is also on, the disk array is ready to receive
data.
OFF: The PS ON/OFF switch is off and the disk
array is not ready to receive data.
Used to enable the PS ON/OFF switch. During
normal operation, this switch should be in the
“Disable” position (opposite the ENABLE position).
ENABLE: The PS ON/OFF switch can be used.
9
PS ENABLE
Switch
DISABLE: The PS ON/OFF switch cannot be used.
CAUTION:
Do not change the switch position unless
directed to do so by HP service personnel.
10
PS ON/OFF
Switch
Used to power on/off the disk array. During
normal operation, this switch should be in the ON
position. The switch functions only if the PS
ENABLE switch is in the ENABLE position.
CAUTION:
Do not change the switch position unless
directed to do so by HP service personnel.
Disk chassis
The disk array chassis house the physical disk drives. Each chassis can contain up to 60 hard disk
drives. The disk array can include up to four disk chassis, two in the primary rack and two more in
the optional second rack.
Disk drives
The primary rack comes with one chassis (R0) which must contain at least four hard disk drives and
can contain up to 60 drives. (A basic version of the HP XP10000 disk array without a disk chassis
is also available.) A second chassis (R1) adds 60 more drives to the primary rack for a total of 120
drives. With a second rack, you can add one more disk chassis for up to 180 drives, or you can add
two more chassis for a maximum of four fully populated disk chassis containing up to 240 physical
disk drives. A variety of disk capacities are available. Ask your HP support representative about
currently available disk drives. The disk array automatically detects and corrects disk errors, and an
HP support representative can replace any of the disk drives without disrupting user activity.
24
HP XP10000 hardware components
The disk array must contain at least one spare disk drive and can contain up to 16. Any of the spare
disk drives can back up any other disk drive of equal rotational speed and equal or lesser capacity,
in any disk chassis, even if the failed disk and the spare disk are in different array domains.
The XP10000 disk array supports 73 GB, 146 GB, 300 GB and 400 GB Fibre Channel disk drives.
Fibre Channel drives are intended as a high capacity, high performance storage option within the
array for high priority applications such as OLTP, Oracle, SAP, and Exchange.
Backup batteries
Internal batteries provide backup power for the cache memory, shared memory, MIXs, CHIPs, and
disk drives. The backup batteries enable the disk array to continue normal operations for up to 20
milliseconds after the loss of AC power.
When AC power is off longer than 20 milliseconds, the disk array executes its backup process. This
process copies the contents of cache and shared memory to disk and then supports cache and shared
memory for up to 36 hours. When AC power is restored after battery backup is exhausted, time is
required for staging data from disk back to shared and cache memory. Figure 3 shows the sequence
of events between a power failure and the battery-powered backup of cache and shared memory.
Figure 3 Backup power sequence
When power is restored, if the Auto-Power-On jumper is in the ENABLE position, the disk array powers
on automatically. If the jumper is in the DISABLE position, you must turn the power switch on to power
up the disk array. HP representatives will assist you in determining which Auto-Power-On mode is
best for your disk array configuration and will configure the selected mode during disk array installation.
Optional management server
HP Remote Web Console allows browser-based management of a single disk array. The optional HP
StorageWorks Command View XP Advanced Edition software may be installed on an optional Device
Manager server to enable additional management capabilities, including the ability to manage multiple
arrays. Other XP software may also be installed on this host; see “HP XP10000 Software” on page
17 for information about optional software products.
To protect your security, HP XP Remote Web Console and HP Command View XP Advanced Edition
Software have no access to user data stored on the disk array.
You may use an existing host (such as a storage administrator's PC) as the Device Manager server
provided that it meets system requirements for the required and optional software you plan to deploy.
Figure 4 shows a Command View XP Advanced Edition server connected to an XP disk array. The
management server (1) connects to the disk array (3) using a private Ethernet LAN (2).
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
25
1. Command View XP Advanced Edition server
2. Ethernet LAN connection
3. XP disk array
Figure 4 Optional HP StorageWorks XP Command View Advanced Edition software configuration
26
HP XP10000 hardware components
3 HP XP10000 operations
During normal operations, the disk array does not require intervention and you should not attempt to
open the disk array cabinets.
The disk array reports any service information messages (SIMs) to the SVP and the Device Manager
server. If the array is set up for remote support, the SVP automatically reports SIMs to the HP Storage
Technology Center (STC). For more information on SIMs, see
“Service information messages” on page 33.
This chapter describes the procedure for the rare event that you need to power down or restart the
disk array. General operating specifications appear at the end of this chapter.
General safety guidelines
Carefully read these safety guidelines and follow them when working with the disk array.
• Fully understand and follow all hazard warnings in this guide and on warning labels on the disk
array. These hazard warnings help you to prevent or reduce the risk of death, personal injury, or
product damage. Hazard warnings include alert headings consisting of an alert symbol and the
word Caution or Warning:
CAUTION:
This indicates a hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will or can result in serious product
damage or loss of data.
WARNING!
This indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, can result in death or serious
injury.
• Replace any warning label that becomes dirty or starts peeling off.
• Keep in mind that the hazard warnings in this guide and on the disk array cannot cover every
possible hazard because it is impossible to predict and evaluate all potentially hazardous
circumstances. Be alert and use common sense. If you have any questions, contact your HP support
representative.
• Follow the safety guidelines and procedures in all documentation for this and related products.
CAUTION:
Disk array maintenance must be done only by trained and qualified HP support representatives.
Only an HP support representative can power off the disk array, except in an emergency.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
27
CAUTION:
Do not perform any procedures not described in this guide. If you have any questions or concerns,
contact your HP support representative.
WARNING!
Do not touch areas marked HAZARDOUS, even with the power off. These areas contain
high-voltage power.
CAUTION:
If you detect any abnormal noise, smell, or smoke coming from the disk array, immediately power
off the disk array by following the emergency power off procedure later in this chapter. For routine
power off in non-emergency situations, contact your HP support representative.
CAUTION:
Do not power off the system unless it is an emergency situation and you follow the procedure for
Emergency power off.
CAUTION:
Keep the front and rear doors closed at all times.
CAUTION:
Keep the tops and sides of the cabinets clear to allow air to flow properly.
CAUTION:
Use the supplied power cord. The power cord may not be used with other products.
Powering down the disk array
Two situations may arise when you need to power down the system:
• Emergency power off
• Planned power off
For instructions in each of these situations, see the following procedures.
28
HP XP10000 operations
Emergency power off
The system does not have an emergency power off switch. In an emergency when it is crucial to power
off the system immediately for safety reasons, remove power at the AC branch circuit breakers in your
facility that supply power to the system. Take care when placing these breakers that they are clearly
marked and easily accessible.
CAUTION:
Performing an emergency power off immediately shuts down the system, neglecting the normal power off
sequence. Jobs in process are aborted and their integrity after recovery is not guaranteed. Use this power
off method only in an emergency. Afterwards, only a qualified HP support representative is allowed to
restore power to the system. Call your HP support representative immediately.
Emergency situations in which you should consider performing the emergency power off procedure
are:
• A physical location catastrophe such as a flood, hurricane, tornado, or earthquake
• Any circumstance that presents the threat of injury or death to a person
• You detect any smoke, abnormal loud noise, or smell coming from the disk array.
Planned power off
Occasionally, you may need to plan a site power outage, such as during alterations to the data
center, inspections, or work by the electric company. If a scheduled power outage will affect the
system, contact your HP support representative to schedule a planned power off.
CAUTION:
Only a trained HP support representative can shut down and power off the system.
Do not attempt to power down the disk array other than during an emergency.
Recovering from an unplanned power outage
Unplanned power outages occur when the primary building power is lost due to electrical blackouts,
thunderstorm activity, or similar occurrences, and input AC power is not received by the system. The
system will maintain its state and recover when power is restored.
The system cache is powered by backup batteries that will maintain the system state for up to 36
hours, depending on the selected battery operation mode.
For restart procedures after power is restored to the system, see the following text about manual and
automatic restart of the system.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
29
Manual restart after power is restored
CAUTION:
After power is restored to your site and before restoring power to the system, HP recommends that you
have an electrician verify the power to ensure that all phases are restored and input power is stable. Before
you power on the system, power on any external disk array(s) first and make sure they are operating
properly.
For assistance recovering from a power outage, contact your HP support representative.
To restart the disk array manually:
1.
On the control panel, move the PS ENABLE switch to the ENABLE position.
2.
Move the PS ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
The following LED power sequence occurs:
BS-ON turns amber.
PS-ON turns green.
MESSAGE LED may turn amber if the system is not configured for remote support, signifying a
SIM was generated because the system lost power unexpectedly.
READY LED turns green, signifying the system is ready.
CAUTION:
Power on can take several minutes and is not complete until the READY LED turns green.
3.
Move the PS ENABLE switch to “DISABLE” (opposite the ENABLE position).
Automatic restart when power is restored
CAUTION:
HP recommends the use of automatic power on restart only if the power to the system is subject to power
conditioning equipment, such as a UPS, to ensure that the power restored to the system is stable. If your
site does not have a UPS, HP recommends configuring the disk array for manual restart, meaning the
Auto-Power-On jumper, which is set during installation by an HP support representative, is in the DISABLE
position. After a power outage, follow the preceding manual restart procedure only after power has been
restored and verified to be stable. Before you power on the system, power on any external disk arrays and
make sure they are operating properly.
Automatic restart is enabled by your HP representative during installation. With automatic restart
enabled, the system automatically restarts and returns to service when power is restored after a power
outage.
During the automatic restart, the following LED power sequence occurs:
BS-ON turns amber.
30
HP XP10000 operations
PS-ON turns green.
MESSAGE LED may turn amber if the system is not configured for remote support, signifying a SIM
was generated because the system lost power unexpectedly.
READY LED turns green, signifying the system is ready.
CAUTION:
Powering on the disk array can take several minutes. Power on is complete only when the READY LED
turns green.
Operating specifications
This section provides some general specifications. For complete specifications, see the system site
preparation guide, available on the HP XP Disk Array website:
http://h18006.www1.hp.com/storage/xparrays.html
Temperature
Table 4 Temperature specifications
Temperature range type
Range
Recommended operating temperature range
21 to 24 degrees C70 to 75 degrees F
Operating temperature
16 to 32 degrees C61 to 89 degrees F
Non-operating temperature range
–10 to +43 degrees C14 to 109 degrees F
Shipping and storage temperature (product
packed in factory packing)
–25 to +60 degrees C–13 to +140 degrees F
Temperature shock immunity (maximum rate of
temperature change)
10 degrees C per hour18 degrees F per hour
Humidity
Protect the disk array from excessive humidity. You should not observe condensation in or around the
product under any conditions. There is no procedure for recovery from moisture condensation.
Table 5 Humidity specifications
Humidity range type
Non-condensing relative humidity (RH)
Operating humidity range at 22 degrees C (71
degrees F)
20% to 80%
Non-operating humidity range
8% to 90%
Shipping and storage humidity range (product
packed in factory packing)
5% to 95%
Operating maximum wet bulb temperature
26 degrees C (79 F)
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
31
Humidity range type
Non-condensing relative humidity (RH)
Non-operating maximum wet bulb temperature
27 degrees C (81 F)
Shipping and storage maximum wet bulb
temperature
29 degrees C (84 F)
Mechanical vibration
Continuous vibration can cause a slow degradation of mechanical parts and, when severe, can cause
data errors in disk drives. Mechanical connections such as printed circuit assembly (PCA) conductors,
cable connectors, and processor backplane wiring can also be affected by vibrations. Vibration
specifications apply to all three axes.
Table 6 Mechanical vibration specifications
Condition
Specification
Operating
0.25 mm, 5–10 Hz0.05 G, 10–300 Hz
Non-operating
2.5 mm, 5–10 Hz0.5 G, 10–70 Hz0.05 mm, 70–99 Hz1.0
G, 99–300 Hz
AC line voltage requirements
This section lists the AC power recommendations. Each rack has four power cords. In case of a failure
of the power source for one cord, the power requirements, and therefore the current requirement for
the remaining power cord, will double.
For details about electrical specifications, cabling, and connectors, see the HP StorageWorks XP10000
Disk Array Site Preparation Guide.
Table 7 AC voltage specifications
Parameter
Rated line current per
power cord
Number of power cords
per rack
Recommended circuit
breakers
200 VAC
208 VAC 60 Hz
Only
220 VAC
230 VAC
240 VAC
16A
16A
16A
16A
16A
4
4
4
4
4
20A
20A
20A
20A
20A
HP requires a separate branch circuit for each power cord connection. The circuit breaker for each
branch circuit must have a minimum rating of 20 amps. Breakers must be easily visible and accessible
so power can be quickly removed in an emergency. Local building electrical codes may dictate
specific additional circuit breaker requirements. Consult your electrician or local code for the
requirements in your location.
If you have multiple power sources, such as a UPS, connect two of the power cords for each cabinet
to each power source for maximum protection from power outages. Consult your local HP service
representative about which power cords are to be attached to the two power sources.
32
HP XP10000 operations
4 HP XP10000 Troubleshooting
Service information messages
The system generates service information messages (SIMs) to identify normal operations, service
requirements, and failures. SIMs are generated by the SVP and the system microprocessors. Your HP
support representative uses the SIMs to monitor and troubleshoot the system. You can view SIMs using
the system's management software.
Failure detection and reporting process
If a failure occurs in the system, the failure is detected and reported to the system log, the SIM log,
and the HP STC, as shown in the Figure 5 and Table 8.
Figure 5 Failure detection and reporting process
Table 8 Failure detection and reporting process
Item
Description
1
A failure is detected in the system.
2
The failure is reported to the system.
3
The system stores the failure information in the system log.
4
The generated SIMs are stored on the system for use by HP support representatives, and logged
on the Device Manager server as remote SIMs (R-Sims). If the disk array is not set up with remote
support, when a SIM is generated, the amber message LED on the system control panel turns on.
Call HP to determine the reason for the message.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
33
Item
5
34
Description
If the system is set up for remote support, HP XP Continuous Track reports the SIMs to STC through
a dedicated dialup connection.SIMs are classified according to severity: service, moderate,
serious, or acute. Service and moderate levels do not require immediate attention and are
addressed during routine maintenance. These failures are often corrected before the failure
becomes apparent. Serious and acute levels are reported immediately to STC to ensure that the
problem is addressed as soon as possible.
HP XP10000 Troubleshooting
5 Regulatory statements
FCC EMC statement (USA)
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a commercial environment. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications.
Operation of this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference, in which case
the user will be required to correct the interference at his or her own expense. The end user of this
product should be aware that any changes or modifications made to this equipment without the
approval of Hewlett-Packard could result in the product not meeting the Class A limits, in which case
the FCC could void the user's authority to operate the equipment.
Hewlett-Packard's device certification tests were conducted with HP computer systems and HP shielded
cables, such as those you received with your product. Changes or modifications not expressly approved
by Hewlett-Packard could void the user's authority to operate the equipment. Cables used with this
device must be properly shielded to comply with the requirements of the FCC.
IEC statement (worldwide)
This is a Class A product. In a domestic environment this product may cause radio interference, in
which case the user may be required to take adequate measures.
EMC statement (Canada)
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the Canadian Interference-Causing Equipment
Regulations.
Cet appareil numérique de la Classe A respecte toutes les exigences du Règlement sur le matériel
brouilleur du Canada.
Spécification ATI Classe A (France)
DECLARATION D'INSTALLATION ET DE MISE EN EXPLOITATION d'un matériel de traitement de
l'information (ATI), classé A en fonction des niveaux de perturbations radioélectriques émis, définis
dans la norme européenne EN 55022 concernant la Compatibilité Electromagnétique.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
35
VCCI EMC statement (Japan)
BSMI EMC statement (Taiwan)
RRL EMC statement (Korea)
Harmonics conformance (Japan)
German noise declaration
XP10000: Schalldruckpegel Lp = 70 dB(A)
Am Arbeitsplatz (operator position)
Normaler Betrieb (normal operation)
Nach ISO 7779:1988 / EN 27779:1991 (Typprüfung)
Laser safety
When equipped with native Fibre Channel adapters, this product contains a laser internal to the
Optical Link Module (OLM) contained on the 8-port Fibre Channel Adapter board and 8-port FICON
36
Regulatory statements
board, and on the 16-port Fibre Channel Adapter board and 16-port FICON board for connection
to a fibre communications network.
In the USA, the OLM is certified as a Class 1 laser product conforming to the PRT requirements
contained in the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) regulation 21 CFR, Subchapter
J. The certification is indicated by a label on the plastic OLM housing. Outside the USA, the OLM is
certified as a Class 1 laser product conforming to the requirements contained in IEC 825-1:1993
and EN 60825-1:1994, including Amendment 11:1996.
The following figure shows the Class 1 information label that appears on the plastic housing of the
OLM.
CLASS 1 LASER PRODUCT
Complies with
21 CFR 1040.10 and 1040.11
Each communications port consists of a transmitter and receiver optical subassembly. The transmitter
subassembly contains an internal semiconductor laser diode in the wavelength range of 770 to 850
nanometers. In the event of a break anywhere in the fibre path, the OLM control system prevents laser
emissions from exceeding Class 1 levels. Class 1 laser products are not considered hazardous.
WARNING!
There are no user maintenance operations, service operations, or adjustments to be performed on the
Optical Link Module.
Japan DENAN law cordset caution
Please use the supplied power cord. The power cord may not be used with other products.
European WEEE statements
Czech
Danish
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
37
Dutch
English
Estonian
38
Regulatory statements
Finnish
French
German
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
39
Greek
Hungarian
Italian
40
Regulatory statements
Latvian
Lithuanian
Polish
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
41
Portuguese
Slovak
Slovenian
42
Regulatory statements
Spanish
Swedish
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
43
44
Regulatory statements
Glossary
ACP
Array control processor. On some XP models, such as the XP12000, the ACP
handles the passing of data between the cache and the physical drives. On other
XP models, such as the HP XP10000, this function is handled by the disk adapter
on the MIX board.
AL
Arbitrated loop.
AL-PA
Arbitrated loop physical address.
allocation
The ratio of allocated storage capacity versus total capacity as a percentage.
“Allocated storage” refers to those LDEVs that have paths assigned to them. The
allocated storage capacity is the sum of the storage of these LDEVs. Total capacity
refers to the sum of the capacity of all LDEVs on the disk array.
array group
A group of 4 or 8 physical hard disk drives (HDDs) installed in an XP disk array
and assigned a common RAID level. RAID1 array groups consist of 4 (2D+2D)
or 8 HDDs (4D+4D). RAID5 array groups include a parity disk but also consist
of 4 (3D+1P) or 8 HDDs (7D+1P). All RAID6 array groups are made up of 8
HDDs (6D+2P).
BC
The HP StorageWorks Business Copy XP software program, which enables you
to maintain up to nine internal copies of logical volumes on the disk array.
C-Track
The HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Track software program, which detects
internal hardware component problems on a disk array and automatically reports
them to the HP STC.
Continuous Access
The HP StorageWorks XP Continuous Access program, which enables you to
replicate data stored on a local disk array to a remote disk array.
cache
Very high speed memory that is used to speed I/O transaction time. All reads
and writes to the XP array family are sent to the cache. The data is buffered there
until the transfer to/from physical disks (with slower data throughput) is complete.
The benefit of cache memory is that it speeds I/O throughput to the application.
The larger the cache size, the greater the amount of data buffering that can occur
and the greater throughput to the applications.
XP arrays support a range of cache memory. In the event of power loss, battery
power holds up the contents of cache for up to 36 hours.
channel adapter
(CHA)
The channel adapter (CHA) provides the interface between the disk array and
the external host system. Occasionally this term is used synonymously with the
term channel host interface processor (CHIP).
channel host
interface processor
(CHIP)
Synonymous with the term channel adapter (CHA).
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
45
channel processor
(CHP)
The processors located on the channel adapter (CHA). Synonymous with CHIP.
command device
A volume on the disk array that accepts Continuous Access or Business Copy
control operations which are then executed by the disk array.
control unit
To organize the storage space attached to the DKC, you can group similarly
configured logical devices (LDEVs) with unique control unit images (CUs). CUs
are numbered sequentially. The disk array supports a certain number of CUs,
depending on the disk array model. Each CU can manage multiple LDEVs.
Therefore, to uniquely identify a particular LDEV requires both the CU number
and the LDEV number.
CU
Control unit.
CVS
Custom volume size. CVS devices (OPEN-x CVS) are custom volumes configured
using array management software to be smaller than normal fixed-size OPEN
system volumes. Synonymous with volume size customization (VSC).
disk adapter (DKA)
Synonymous with the term ACP.
disk controller
(DKC)
The array hardware that houses the channel adapters and service processor
(SVP).
disk group
The physical disk locations associated with a parity group.
disk recovery and
restore unit (DRR)
The unit responsible for data recovery and restoration in the event of a cache
failure.
disk type
The manufacturing label burned into the physical disk controller firmware. In
most cases, the disk type is identical to the disk model number.
disk unit (DKU)
The array hardware that houses the disk array physical disks.
emulation modes
The logical devices (LDEVs) associated with each RAID group are assigned an
emulation mode that makes them operate like OPEN system disk drives. The
emulation mode determines the size of an LDEV.
OPEN-3: 2.46 GB OPEN-8: 7.38 GB OPEN-9: 7.42 GB OPEN-E: 13.56 GB
OPEN-K: Not available on this array OPEN-L: 36 GB OPEN-M: Not available
on this array OPEN-V: User-defined custom size
EPO
Emergency power off.
ESCON
Enterprise System Connection (the IBM trademark for optical channels).
expanded LUN
A LUN is normally associated with only a single LDEV. The LUSE feature allows
a LUN to be associated with 1 to 36 LDEVs. Essentially, LUSE makes it possible
for applications to access a single large pool of storage. The LUSE feature is
available when the HP StorageWorks LUN Configuration Manager product is
installed.
ExSA
Extended serial adapter.
failover
Disconnecting a failed unit or path and replacing it with an alternative unit or
path in order to continue functioning.
FC
Fibre Channel.
46
Glossary
FC-AL
Fibre Channel arbitrated loop.
FCP
Fibre Channel Protocol.
fence level
A level for selecting rejection of a write I/O request from the host according to
the condition of mirroring consistency.
FICON
IBM mainframe Fiber Optic Connection.
GB
Gigabytes.
GLM
Gigabyte link module.
HA
High availability.
HBA
Host bus adapter. A built-in function or a card installed in a PC or other host
computer to enable connection of the host to the SAN.
host mode
Each port can be configured for a particular host type. These modes are
represented as two-digit hexadecimal numbers. For example, host mode 08
represents an HP-UX host.
hot standby
Using two or more servers as a standby in case of a primary server failure.
HP
Hewlett-Packard Development Company.
I/O
Input/output (applies to an operation or device).
LAN
Local area network.
LD, LDEV
Logical device. An LDEV is created when a RAID group is carved into pieces
according to the selected host emulation mode (that is, OPEN-3, OPEN-8,
OPEN-9). The number of resulting LDEVs depends on the selected emulation
mode. The term LDEV is often used synonymously with the term volume.
LED
Light emitting diode.
local disk
A disk in the host.
LU
Logical unit.
LUN
Logical unit number. A LUN results from mapping a SCSI logical unit number,
port ID, and LDEV ID to a RAID group. The size of the LUN is determined by the
emulation mode of the LDEV, and the number of LDEVs associated with the LUN.
For example, a LUN associated with two OPEN-3 LDEVs has a size of 4,693
MB.
LUSE
Logical unit size expansion. See also Expanded LUN.
m
Meters.
MB
Megabytes.
MCU
Main control unit.
MIX
A circuit board in the disk control unit that includes disk adapters and channel
adapters for interfacing disk drives and the host to cache memory.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
47
mirroring
consistency
The consistency (usability) of data in a volume (for example, S-VOL).
mm
Millimeters.
MR
Magnetoresistive.
ms, msec
Milliseconds.
mutual hot
standby system
Two servers that are poised to cover for each other if necessary.
NAS
Network attached storage.
node
Logically speaking, an environment where instances can be executed. Physically,
a processor, which is an element of a cluster system.
NVS
Nonvolatile storage.
OFC
Open Fibre Control.
OLM
Optical link module.
OS
Operating system.
PA
Physical address.
parity group
A parity group is a disk configuration in which multiple disks work together to
provide redundancy. Synonymous with “array group.”
partition
Dividing a specific physical disk into two or more areas as if there are two or
more physical disks.
path
Paths are created by associating a port, a target, and a LUN ID with one or
more LDEVs.
PCI
Power control interface or peripheral component interconnect.
port
A physical connection that allows data to pass between a host and the disk
array. The number of ports on an XP disk array depends on the number of
supported I/O slots and the number of ports available per I/O adapter. The XP
family of disk arrays supports Fibre Channel (FC) ports as well as other port
types. Ports are named by port group and port letter, such as CL1-A. CL1 is the
group, and A is the port letter.
P-P
Point-to-point.
primary rack
The HP XP10000 rack that contains the basic disk array components, including
the controller and up to two disk chassis (up to 120 drives).
PS
Power supply.
RS
Russellstoll® ,
A brand of electrical plugs and receptacles manufactured by Thomas & Betts
Corporation.
RAID
Redundant array of independent disks.
48
Glossary
RAID group
See “array group.”
RAID level
A RAID Level is one of the ways that disk drives are grouped together to improve
performance, data availability/reliability or both. RAID levels are defined from
RAID0 to RAID6. HP StorageWorks Disk Arrays in the XP product family support
RAID1, RAID5 and RAID6. Not all of these RAID levels are supported by all XP
family members. Consult the owner's guide or your HP representative for the
details of which RAID levels are supported by your specific XP disk array.
RAM
Random access memory.
RM
HP StorageWorks RAID Manager XP, a command line interface for managing
XP arrays.
R-SIM
Remote service information message.
R/W, r/w
Read/write.
script file
A file containing a shell script.
SCSI
Small computer system interface.
second rack
The optional second HP XP10000 disk array rack that contains up to two
additional optional disk chassis (up to 120 drives).
shell script
A command sequence executed by a UNIX shell.
sidefile
An area of cache used to store the data sequence number, record location,
record length, and queued control information.
SIM
Service information message.
SMI-S
Storage Management Initiative Specification.
SMS
System managed storage.
SNMP
Simple Network Management Protocol.
SSID
Storage subsystem identification.
STC
HP Storage Technology Center.
SVP
Service processor, which is the PC built into the disk controller. The SVP provides
a direct interface into the disk array. SVP use is reserved for HP support
representatives only.
TB
Terabyte.
TCP/IP
Transmission control protocol/Internet protocol
TID
Target ID.
VSC
Volume size customization. Synonymous with CVS.
VOLID
Volume ID.
volume
Synonymous with LDEV.
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
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50
Glossary
Index
A
AC power, 32
array management, 17
audience, 7
automatic restart, 30
B
batteries, backup, 25, 29
C
cables
mechanical vibration, 32
cache battery backup, 25
Command View XP Advanced Edition Software,
17, 25
components
hardware, 21
included, 14
optional, 15
required additional, 15
connectivity, 12
control panel, 21
conventions
document, 7
storage capacity values, 9
text symbols, 8
customer self repair, 10
D
data availability, 11
data integrity, 14
data protection and recovery software, 19
disk array
vibration specifications, 32
disk array features
connectivity, 12
continuous data availability, 11
data integrity, 14
hardware, 14
high availability, 14
nondisruptive service and upgrades, 11
scalability, 12
software, 14, 14
disk array frame. See DKU, 24
disk control frame. See DKC, 21
disk drives, 24
DKC, 21
DKU, 24
document conventions, 7
documentation
HP website, 7
providing feedback, 10
related, 7
E
emergency power off, 28, 29
environmental specifications, 31
external storage, 17
F
failure detection and reporting process, 33
features
data integrity, 14
high availability, 14
software, 14
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
51
H
R
hardware
control panel, 21
disk array frame, 24
disk control frame, 21
disk drives, 24
features, 14
management server, 25
normal operations, 27
physical components, 21
RAID options, 15
service processor. See SVP, 21
specifications, 16, 31
hazard warnings, 27
help
obtaining, 9
high availability, 14
HP
technical support, 9
HP Storage Technology Center. See STC, 11
humidity specifications, 32
rack stability
warning, 9
RAID options, 15
recovering from a power outage, 29
regulatory statements, 35, 37
related documentation, 7
remote maintenance, 23
remote support, 14, 23, 33
See also XP Continuous Track, 23
restart
automatic, 30
manual, 30
L
line voltage, 32
M
mainframe software, 19
maintenance, remote, 23
management server, 25
manual restart, 30
mechanical vibration specifications, 32
N
normal operations, 27
O
operating systems, 16
P
physical components. See hardware, 21
power cords, 32
power off
emergency, 28, 29
planned, 29
recovery from unplanned, 29
unplanned, 25, 29
power specifications, 32
powering down, 28
product contents
summary of, 14
52
S
safety guidelines, 27
scalability, 12
service, 11
service information messages, 33
service processor. See SVP, 21
software
and solution integration, 14
data protection and recovery, 19
features, 14, 14
mainframe, 19
products for XP disk arrays, 17
storage management, 18
storage replication, 19
specifications, 16, 31
STC, 11, 14, 22, 33
storage capacity values
conventions, 9
storage management software, 18
storage replication software, 19
Storage Technology Center. See STC, 11
Subscriber's Choice, HP, 10
SVP, 21, 33
symbols in text, 8
T
technical support, 14
HP, 9
service locator website, 10
text symbols, 8
U
unit emergency power off switch, 28
upgrades, 11
V
vibration specifications, 32
W
warning
hazard, 27
rack stability, 9
websites
customer self repair, 10
HP, 10
HP Subscriber's Choice for Business, 10
product manuals, 7
wet bulb temperature, 31
X
XP Continuous Track, 11, 14, 17, 34
XP10000 Disk Array Owner's Guide
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