Humminbird | 4086301 | User's Manual | Humminbird 4086301 User's Manual

Humminbird 4086301 User's Manual
PiranhaMAX 165, 175, 176i, 195c, & 196ci
Installation and Operations Manual
532030-1_A
Thank You!
Thank you for choosing Humminbird®, the #1 name in Fishfinders.
Humminbird® has built its reputation by designing and manufacturing
top-quality, thoroughly reliable marine equipment. Your Humminbird®
accessory is designed for trouble-free use in even the harshest marine
environment. In the unlikely event that your Humminbird® accessory does
require repairs, we offer an exclusive Service Policy - free of charge during the
first year after purchase, and available at a reasonable rate after the
one-year period. For complete details, see the separate warranty card included
with your accessory. We encourage you to read this operations manual
carefully in order to get full benefit from all the features and applications of
your Humminbird® product.
Contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468 or visit our
Web site at humminbird.com.
The following models are covered in this manual:
•
•
•
•
•
PiranhaMAX 165 - Single Beam, 240 V x 160 H Monochrome Display
PiranhaMAX 175 - Dual Beam, 240 V x 160 H Monochrome Display
PiranhaMAX 176i - Dual Beam, 240 V x 160 H Monochrome Display
PiranhaMAX 195c - Dual Beam, 320 V x 240 H Transmissive Color Display
PiranhaMAX 196ci - Dual Beam, 320 V x 240 H Transmissive Color Display
WARNING! This device should not be used as a navigational aid to prevent collision,
grounding, boat damage, or personal injury. When the boat is moving, water depth
may change too quickly to allow time for you to react. Always operate the boat at very
slow speeds if you suspect shallow water or submerged objects.
WARNING! Disassembly and repair of this electronic unit should only be performed by
authorized service personnel. Any modification of the serial number or attempt to repair
the original equipment or accessories by unauthorized individuals will void the warranty.
WARNING! Do not travel at high speed with the unit cover installed. Remove the unit
cover before traveling at speeds above 20 mph.
WARNING! This product contains chemicals known to the State of California to cause
cancer and/or reproductive harm.
i
NOTE: Some features discussed in this manual require a separate purchase, and some
features are only available on international models. Every effort has been made to clearly
identify those features. Please read the manual carefully in order to understand the full
capabilities of your model.
NOTE: The illustrations in this manual may not look the same as your product, but your unit
will function in the same way.
NOTE: To purchase accessories for your control head, visit our web site at
humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468.
NOTE: The procedures and features described in this manual are subject to change
without notice. This manual was written in English and may have been translated to
another language. Humminbird® is not responsible for incorrect translations or
discrepancies between documents.
ROHS STATEMENT: Product designed and intended as a fixed installation or part of a
system in a vessel may be considered beyond the scope of Directive 2002/95/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council of 27 January 2003 on the restriction of the use of
certain hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment.
ATTENTION INTERNATIONAL CUSTOMERS: Products sold in the U.S. are not
intended for use in the international market. Humminbird® international units provide
international features and are designed to meet country and regional regulations.
Languages, maps, time zones, units of measurement, and warranty are examples of
features that are customized for Humminbird® international units purchased through
our authorized international distributors.
To obtain a list of authorized international distributors, please visit our Web site at
humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at (334) 687-6613.
Humminbird®, Fish ID+™, Structure ID®, and WhiteLine™ are trademarked by or registered
trademarks of Johnson Outdoors Marine Electronics, Inc.
Baekmuk Batang, Baekmuk Dotum, Baekmuk Gulim, and Baekmuk Headline are registered
trademarks owned by Kim Jeong-Hwan.
© 2012 Johnson Outdoors Marine Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved.
ii
Table of Contents
Installation Overview
1
Fixed Control Head Installation
2
Determine Where to Mount . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Connect the Power Cable to the Boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Assemble the Control Head Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Route the Control Head Cables Under the Deck . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Attach the Control Head to the Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Attach the Cables to the Control Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Transom Transducer Installation Overview
8
Transom Transducer Installation
9
Locate the Transducer Mounting Position . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Prepare the Mounting Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Assemble and Mount the Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Route the Cable. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Test and Finish the Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
20
Assemble the Control Head Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Assemble the Base and Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Attach the Control Head to the Base and Handle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Route the Cables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Assemble the Portable Case . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Charge and Install the Battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Assemble the Transducer Mounting Bracket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Stow the Portable Transducer and Battery Charger into the Portable Case. . . 29
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
30
Connect the Transducer and Power Cables to the Portable Case. . . . . . . . . . . 30
Attach the Portable Case to the Boat. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Mounting the Portable Transducer
32
Test the Transducer Prior to Installation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Mount the Portable Transducer on the Boat . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
iii
Table of Contents
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
34
Power ON and OFF
35
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
36
Single Beam Sonar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Dual Beam Sonar. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
What You See on the Display
38
How GPS Works
39
The PiranhaMAX Control Head
40
Key Functions
41
POWER/MENU Key . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
UP and DOWN Arrow Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
CHECK/ENTER Key. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
How to Use the Menu System
43
Set Up the Control Head
45
Contrast (PiranhaMAX 165, 175, and 176i models only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Fish ID+™ (Sonar View only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Bottom View (Sonar View only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Reset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Language (International Models only). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Units - Distance (Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Units - Speed (Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Units - Temp (International Models only, Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Units - Depth (International Models only, Units submenu) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
Views
49
Display a View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
Status View
50
Sonar View
51
iv
Table of Contents
Sonar Menu
52
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Depth Range . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Sensitivity. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Chart Speed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Filter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Beam Select. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Track View (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only)
56
Track Menu (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only)
57
View . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Zoom . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
COG Vector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Clear Track . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Delete. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Delete All . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Light . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
Alarms
60
Maintenance
62
Troubleshooting
64
PiranhaMAX 165 Specifications
66
PiranhaMAX 175/176i/195c/196ci Specifications
67
Contact Humminbird®
69
NOTE: Entries in this Table of Contents which list (International Only) are only available
on products sold outside of the U.S. by our authorized International Distributors. It is
important to note that products sold in the U.S. are not intended for resale in the
international market. To obtain a list of authorized International Distributors, please visit
our Web site at humminbird.com or contact our Customer Resource Center at
1-800-633-1468 to locate the distributor nearest you.
v
Installation Overview
Before you start installation, we encourage you to read these instructions
carefully in order to get the full benefit from your PiranhaMAX.
There are three basic installation tasks that you must perform for the
PiranhaMAX:
• Installing the Control Head
• Installing the Transducer
• Testing the complete installation and locking the transducer position.
NOTE: In addition to the hardware supplied with your transducer, you will need a
powered hand drill and various drill bits, various hand tools, including a ruler or
straightedge, a level, a 12" plumb line (weighted string or monofilament line), marker or
pencil, safety glasses and dust mask, and marine-grade silicone sealant.
NOTE: If you have purchased a PiranhaMAX Portable unit, proceed to
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly for installation instructions. If you are
planning a fixed installation, proceed to Fixed Control Head Installation.
1
Installation Overview
Fixed Control Head Installation
1. Determine Where to Mount
Begin the installation by determining where to mount the control head.
Consider the following to determine the best location:
• To check the location planned for the control
head, test run the cables for the power and
transducer. See Transom Transducer Installation
in order to plan the location of the transducer
and cable route.
• The mounting surface should be stable enough
to protect the control head from excessive wave
shock and vibration, and should provide visibility
while in operation.
Figure 1
• Your PiranhaMAX uses a tilt and swivel
mounting base. The mounting area should allow
sufficient room for the unit to pivot and swivel
freely, and for easy removal and installation
(Figures 1 and 2).
Figure 2
2. Connect the Power Cable to the Boat
A 6' long power cable is included to supply power to the control head. You may
shorten or lengthen the cable using 18 gauge multi-stranded copper wire.
CAUTION! Some boats have 24 or 36 Volt electric systems, but the control head MUST
be connected to a 12 VDC power supply.
The control head power cable can be connected to the electrical system of the
boat at two places: a fuse panel usually located near the console, or directly to
the battery.
NOTE: Make sure that the power cable is not connected to the control head at the
beginning of this procedure.
Fixed Control Head Installation
2
POSITIVE
NOTE: Humminbird® is not responsible for over-voltage or over-current failures. The
control head must have adequate protection through the proper selection and installation
of a 1 amp fuse.
GROUND
Figure 3
1a. If a fuse terminal is available, use crimp-on
type electrical connectors (not included)
that match the terminal on the fuse panel.
Attach the black wire to ground (-), and the
red wire to positive (+) 12 VDC power
(Figure 3). Install a 1 amp fuse (not
included) for protection of the unit.
Humminbird® is not responsible for overvoltage or over-current failures.
or...
Figure 4
1b. If you need to wire the control head
directly to a battery, obtain and install an
inline fuse holder and a 1 amp fuse (not
included) for the protection of the unit
(Figure 4). Humminbird® is not responsible
for over-voltage or over-current failures.
NOTE: In order to minimize the potential for interference with other marine electronics,
a separate power source (such as a second battery) may be necessary.
3
Fixed Control Head Installation
3. Assemble the Control Head Base
Your control head base will have a tilt and swivel mount. See the instructions
below to assemble and mount the control head base.
To assemble a tilt and swivel mount:
Tilt and Swivel Mount
Control Head Base Assembly
Mount Arms
Base
1. Insert the mount arms into the
base. Then, hold the mount arms in
place as you turn the base upside
down.
2. Insert the swivel ring into the base,
with the countersink holes for the
arm screws facing out.
3. Secure the mount arms with the
four #6 screws provided (Figure 5).
Hand tighten only!
Swivel
Ring
Countersink
Side Out
Arm Screws,
4 #6 x7/16"
Figure 5
4. Set the assembled control head
base in place on the mounting
surface. Mark the four mounting
screw locations with a pencil or
punch.
5. Set the base aside, and drill the
four mounting screw holes using a
9/64" bit.
6. Proceed to Route the Control Head
Cables Under the Deck.
Fixed Control Head Installation
4
4. Route the Control Head Cables Under the Deck
Use the following steps to route the control head cables under the deck.
NOTE: Under the deck cable routing is not always possible. If this is not an option, the
cables should be routed and secured above deck.
NOTE: See Transom Transducer Installation in order to plan the location of the
transducer and cable route.
Tilt and Swivel Mount
Control Head Base
Tilt and Swivel Mount:
1a. Mark and drill a 3/4" hole as shown
in Figure 6. Route the cables
through the hole. The cables will
exit through the center hole on the
control head base.
1b. If the cables cannot be routed
directly beneath the control head
base, mark and drill a 3/4" hole that
will allow you to run the cables
close to the control head base.
3/4”
19 mm
Figure 6
5
Fixed Control Head Installation
5. Attach the Control Head to the Base
Follow these steps to attach the control head to the already-assembled base:
NOTE: The transducer cable and power cable should be routed prior to securing the
mounting bracket to the deck.
1. Apply marine-grade silicone sealant to the drilled holes for the
mounting bracket.
2. Place the mounting bracket on the mounting surface, aligning with the
drilled holes.
3. Insert the four #8 Phillips countersink wood screws into the mounting
holes. Hand tighten only!
Pivot Knuckle
Thumbknob Bolt
Gimbal Knob
Mounting Holes
Figure 7
4. Insert the thumbknob bolt through the pivot knuckle on the control
head (Figure 7).
Fixed Control Head Installation
6
5. Align the pivot knuckle with the mount base arms and slide into place,
twisting slightly if necessary, until the unit is firmly seated.
6. Rotate the control head to the desired angle and hand tighten the
thumbknob bolt.
7. Thread the gimbal knob onto the pivot bolt and tighten.
6. Attach the Cables to the Control Head
Follow these steps to attach the power and transducer cables to the control
head:
1. Matching the cable plugs to the shape and
orientation of the sockets, insert the
transducer and power cables into the correct
sockets on the control head (Figure 8).
Power
Figure 8
Serial
Transducer
NOTE: The serial port is for authorized service personnel
use only. Do not connect a cable to this port. The serial
port does not require a port cover.
2. With the control head in place, tilt and/or
swivel the unit through its full range to make
sure there is enough cable slack for the unit to
move freely. Hand tighten the thumbknob bolt
when you achieve the desired position for the
control head.
You are now ready to install the transducer. Proceed
to Transom Transducer Installation Overview.
7
Fixed Control Head Installation
Transom Transducer Installation Overview
Following are instructions for transom mount installation. The transom mount
installation provides the least loss of signal since the transducer is mounted
outside the hull. This installation also allows adjustment of both running angle
and depth after the transducer is mounted, which enables you to tune the
installation for best results.
NOTE: Due to the wide variety of hulls, only general instructions are presented in
this installation guide. Each boat hull represents a unique set of requirements that
should be evaluated prior to installation. It is important to read the instructions
completely and understand the mounting guidelines before beginning installation.
NOTE: When drilling holes in fiberglass hulls, it is best to start with a smaller bit and use
progressively larger drill bits to reduce the chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
NOTE: If you cannot find a transom mount location that will work for your boat hull, a
different mounting technique or transducer type should be considered. See the FAQ
(Frequently Asked Questions) section of our Web site at humminbird.com or call our
Customer Resource Center at 1-800-633-1468 .
Transom Transducer Installation Overview
8
Transom Transducer Installation
1. Locate the Transducer Mounting Position
Turbulence: You must first determine the best location on the transom to
install the transducer. It is very important to locate the transducer in an area
that is relatively free of turbulent water.
Consider the following to find the best location with the least amount of
turbulence:
Areas of Possible Turbulence
Rivets
Hull
Transom
Strakes
Figure 9
• As the boat moves through the water,
turbulence is generated by the weight of the
boat and the thrust of the propeller(s) - either
clockwise or counter-clockwise. This turbulent
water is normally confined to areas
immediately aft of ribs, strakes or rows of
rivets on the bottom of the boat, and in the
immediate area of the propeller(s). Clockwise
propellers create more turbulence on the port
side. On outboard or inboard/outboard boats,
it is best to locate the transducer at least 15"
to the side of the propeller(s) (Figure 11).
Stepped Hull
Step
Figure 10
Rib
• The best way to locate turbulence-free
water is to view the transom while the boat
is moving. This method is recommended if
maximum high-speed operation is a high
priority. If this is not possible, select a
location on the transom where the hull
forward of this location is smooth, flat and
free of protrusions or ribs (Figure 9).
• On boats with stepped hulls, it may be
possible to mount the transducer on the
step. Do not mount the transducer on the
transom behind a step to avoid popping the
9
Transom Transducer Installation
transducer out of the water at higher speeds. The transducer must
remain in the water for the control head to maintain the sonar signal
(Figure 10).
• If the transom is behind the propeller(s), it may be impossible to find an
area clear from turbulence, and a different mounting technique or
transducer type should be considered, such as an Inside the Hull
Transducer.
• If you plan to trailer your boat, do not mount the transducer too close
to trailer bunks or rollers to avoid moving or damaging the transducer
during loading and unloading of the boat.
• If high speed operation is critical, you may want to consider using an
In-Hull transducer instead of this Transom Mount transducer.
Level
15”
Deadrise Angle
Find a turbulence-free location at least 15” from the propeller(s)
and not in line with trailer bunks or rollers. (Figure 11).
Figure 12
NOTE: The hydrodynamic shape of your transducer allows it to point straight down
without deadrise adjustment (Figure 12).
NOTE: If you cannot find a transom mount location that will work for your
high-speed application, please visit the FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) section
of our Web site at humminbird.com or call our Customer Resource Center at
1-800-633-1468.
2. Prepare the Mounting Location
After determining the mounting location for the transducer, follow the steps
below to position and mount the transducer bracket.
Transom Transducer Installation
10
Positioning the Mounting Bracket
Level
Level
Figure 13
Boat Hull Types Require
Different Mounting Positions
1. Make sure that the boat is level on the trailer, both
from port to starboard and from bow to stern, by
placing your level on the deck of the boat, first in
one direction, then in the other.
2. Hold the mounting bracket against the transom of
the boat in the location you have selected (Figure
13). Align the bracket horizontally, using the level.
Make sure that the lower screw hole protrusion
does not protrude past the bottom of the hull, and
there is at least 1/4" clearance between the
bottom of the bracket and the bottom of the
transom for fiberglass boats, and 1/8" clearance
for aluminum boats (Figure 14).
NOTE: If you have a flat-bottomed aluminum boat, some
additional adjustment may be needed to accommodate the
rivets on the bottom of the boat (i.e. the gap may need to be
a little smaller than 1/8"). This will help you to avoid excessive
turbulence at high speeds.
1/8” for aluminum
1/4” for fiberglass
Figure 14
Using the Mounting Bracket to
Mark the Initial Drill Holes
Mark Initial
Drill Holes
3rd hole
Figure 15
NOTE: If your propeller moves clockwise as the boat moves
forward (as you're facing the stern of the boat from behind),
mount the transducer on the starboard side, and align the
bottom right corner of the mounting bracket with the bottom
of the boat. If your propeller moves counterclockwise as the
boat moves forward (as you're facing the stern of the boat
from behind), mount the transducer on the port side, and align
the bottom left corner of the mounting bracket with the
bottom of the boat.
3. Continue to hold the bracket on the transom of the
boat, and use a pencil or marker to mark where to
drill the two mounting holes. Mark the drill holes
near the top of each slot, making sure that your
mark is centered in the slot (Figure 15).
NOTE: The third hole should not be drilled until the angle
and height of the transducer is finalized, which you will
not do until a later procedure.
11
Transom Transducer Installation
4. Make sure that the drill bit is perpendicular to the actual surface of the
transom, NOT parallel to the ground, before you drill. Using a 5/32” bit,
drill the two holes only to a depth of approximately 1”.
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the
chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
3. Assemble and Mount the Transducer
In this procedure, you will assemble the transducer using the hardware
provided, then mount it and make adjustments to its position without locking
it in place.
NOTE: You will initially assemble the transducer and the mounting bracket by matching
the two ratchets to a numbered position on the transducer knuckle. Further adjustments
may be necessary.
1a. If you already know your transom angle, refer to the chart below for
the initial position to use to set the ratchets (Figure 16). If your transom
is angled at 14 degrees (a common transom angle for many boats) use
position 1 for the ratchets. In either case, go to step 2.
Bead Alignment
Number
1
4
2
5
3
1
4
2
5
3
1
Transom Angle (°) -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
Measured Distance (x)
0.0 cm
0“
1.1cm
1/2“
2.5 cm
1“
4.3 cm
1 5/8“
5.9 cm
2 3/8“
7.6 cm
3“
9.3cm
3 5/8“
11.1cm
4 3/8“
12.9cm
5“
14.9cm
5 7/8“
16.9cm
6 5/8“
Figure 16
or...
1b. If you do not know your transom angle, measure it using a plumb line
(weighted nylon string or monofilament line) exactly 12 inches long.
Hold the top of the plumb line against the top of the transom with your
finger, and wait until the line hangs straight down (Figure 17). Using a
ruler, measure the distance from the bottom of the plumb line to the
back of the transom, then use the chart (Figure 16).
NOTE: It is important to take your measurement in the location shown in Figure 17,
from exactly 12 inches down from the top of the transom.
Transom Transducer Installation
12
Measuring the Transom Angle
Plumb
Line
Transom
Angle in
degrees
(°)
Weight
Measured Distance (X)
2. Place the two ratchets, one on either side of
the transducer knuckle, so that the beads on
each ratchet line up with the desired position
number on the knuckle (Figure 18a). If you are
setting the ratchets at position 1, the beads
on each ratchet will line up with the rib on the
transducer knuckle to form one continuous
line on the assembly (Figure 18b).
NOTE: The ratchets are keyed. Make sure that the square
teeth on each ratchet face the square teeth on the
transducer knuckle, and the triangular teeth face
outward.
Figure 17
Hold the ratchets on the transducer knuckle with one hand and fit the
mounting bracket over them until it snaps into place with the other hand. Refer
to the illustration (Figure 18d).
Transducer Knuckle Positions
Ratchets Placed in Position 1
Beads
Knuckle
Ratchet
Rib at
position 1
Figure 18a
Figure 18b
Ratchets Placed in Position 2
Fitting the Mounting Bracket Over the Ratchet
Bead
Rib
Ratchet
Figure 18d
Figure 18c
13
Transom Transducer Installation
Inserting the Pivot Bolt
3. Put the pivot bolt through the assembly to
hold it in position and loosely install the nut,
but do NOT tighten the nut at this time (Figure
19).
CAUTION! Do not use a high speed driver on this
combination of fasteners. Hand tighten only.
Figure 19
Mounting the Assembly
to the Transom
4. Align the mounting bracket transducer
assembly with the drilled holes in the
transom. With a 5/16" socket driver, mount
the assembly to the transom using the two
#10 - 1" long screws provided (Figure 20).
Hand tighten only!
NOTE: Make sure that the mounting screws are snug, but
do not fully tighten the mounting screws at this time to
allow the transducer assembly to slide for adjustment
purposes.
Figure 20
5. Adjust the initial angle of the transducer from back to front by rotating
the transducer until the side seam on the transducer is almost parallel
with the bottom of the boat, one click at a time in either direction
(Figure 21 and 22).
Adjusting the Initial Transducer Angle
One click too high
Correctly aligned
(transducer side
seam aligned
with boat bottom)
Trailing edge
Leading edge
Figure 21
Transom Transducer Installation
Figure 22
14
One click too low
6. Adjust the transducer assembly vertically,
until the seam on the leading edge of the
transducer (the edge closest to the transom of
the boat) is level and just slightly below the
hull (Figure 23).
Adjusting the Transducer
Mounting Position
NOTE: The transducer has a natural downward slant of 4-5
degrees from leading edge (closest to the boat transom) to
trailing edge (farthest away from the boat). Looking at the
back of the transducer, the seam should be slightly below
the bottom of the hull.
Seam aligned with boat hull
Figure 23
Leveling the Mounting
Assembly Horizontally
7. Continue to adjust until the bracket is also
level from port to starboard (horizontally level
as you look at the transducer from behind the
boat [Figure 24]).
Level
Level
8. Mark the correct position on the transom by
tracing the silhouette of the transducer
mounting bracket with a pencil or marker.
9. Tighten the pivot bolt, using the pivot screw
and nut to lock the assembly. Hand tighten
only!
Figure 24
CAUTION! Do not use a high speed driver on this
combination of fasteners. Hand tighten only.
10. Hand-tighten the two mounting screws.
NOTE: You will drill the third mounting hole and finalize the
installation after you route the cable and test and finish the
installation in the following procedures.
15
Transom Transducer Installation
4. Route the Cable
The transducer cable has a low profile connector, which must be routed to the
point where the control head is mounted. There are several ways to route the
transducer cable to the area where the control head is installed. The most
common procedure routes the cable through the transom into the boat.
NOTE: Your boat may have a pre-existing wiring channel or conduit that you can use for
the transducer cable.
1. Unplug the other end of the transducer cable from the control head.
(The transducer cable was connected in the earlier section Attach the
Cables to the Control Head). Make sure that the cable is long enough
to accommodate the planned route by running the cable over the
transom.
CAUTION! Do not cut or shorten the transducer cable, and try not to damage the cable
insulation. Route the cable as far as possible from any VHF radio antenna cables or
tachometer cables to reduce the possibility of interference. If the cable is too short,
extension cables are available to extend the transducer cable up to a total of 50'. For
assistance, contact the Customer Resource Center at humminbird.com or call
1-800-633-1468 for more information.
NOTE: Allow enough slack in the cable for slight movement at the pivot point. It is best
to route the cable to the side of the transducer so the transducer will not damage the
cable during movement.
2a. If you are routing the cable over the transom of the boat, secure the
cable by attaching the cable clamp to the transom, drilling 9/64"
diameter holes for the #8 x 5/8" wood screws, then skip directly to step
5 to connect the cable.
or...
2b. If you will be routing the cable through a hole in the transom, drill a
5/8" diameter hole above the waterline. Route the cable through this
hole, then fill the hole with marine-grade silicone sealant and proceed
to the next step immediately.
Transom Transducer Installation
16
Routing the Cable
3. Place the escutcheon plate over the cable
hole and use it as a guide to mark the two
escutcheon plate mounting holes. Remove
the plate, drill two 9/64" diameter x 5/8" deep
holes, and then fill both holes with marinegrade silicone sealant. Place the escutcheon
plate over the cable hole and attach with two
#8 x 5/8" wood screws. Hand tighten only!
4. Route and secure the cable by attaching the
cable clamp to the transom. Drill one 9/64"
diameter x 5/8" deep hole, then fill hole with
marine-grade silicone sealant, then attach the
cable clamp using a #8 x 5/8" screw. Hand
tighten only!
Figure 25
Storing Excess Cable
Figure 26
NOTE: If there is excess cable that needs to be
gathered at one location (as shown in the illustration),
dress the cable routed from both directions so that a
single loop is left extending from the storage location.
Doubling the cable up from this point, form the cable
into a coil. Storing excess cable using this method can
reduce electronic interference (Figure 26).
5. Plug the cable connector back into the control
head. The slots are keyed to prevent reversed
installation, so be careful not to force the
connector into the holder.
Your control head is now ready for operation.
17
Transom Transducer Installation
5. Test and Finish the Installation
Once you have installed both the control head and the transom transducer, and
have routed all the cables, you must perform a final test before locking the
transducer in place. Testing should be performed with the boat in the water.
1. Press POWER once to turn the control head on. If the unit does not
power up, make sure that the connector is fully plugged into the
terminal slot and that power is available.
2. If all connections are correct and power is available, the Humminbird®
control head will enter Normal operation.
3. If the bottom is visible on-screen with a digital depth readout, the unit
is working properly. Make sure that the boat is in water greater than
2' but less than the depth capability of the unit, and that the
transducer is fully submerged, since the sonar signal cannot pass
through air.
NOTE: The transducer must be submerged in water for reliable transducer detection.
4. If the unit is working properly, gradually increase the boat speed to
test high-speed performance. If the unit functions well at low speeds,
but begins to skip or miss the bottom at higher speeds, the transducer
requires adjustment.
5. If you have the correct angle set on the transducer, yet lose a bottom
reading at high speed, adjust the height and the running angle in
small increments to give you the ideal transducer position for your
boat. First, adjust the height in small increments (Figure 23).
NOTE: The deeper the transducer is in the water, the more likely that a rooster tail of
spray will be generated at high speeds, so make sure that the transducer is as high as it
can be and still be submerged in the water.
If you are still not getting good high speed readings, you may need to disassemble
the transducer mounting assembly and re-position the ratchets (Figures 18a - 18d).
If you do change the transducer position, re-trace the position of the mounting
bracket before proceeding.
Transom Transducer Installation
18
NOTE: It is often necessary to make several incremental transducer adjustments before
optimum high speed performance is achieved. Due to the wide variety of boat hulls,
however, it is not always possible to obtain high speed depth readings.
6. Once you have reached a consistently good sonar signal at the desired
speeds, you are ready to lock down the transducer settings. Remove
the transducer from the bracket (after noting where the ratchets are
assembled), then re-align the mounting bracket against the transom of
the boat to match the traced silhouette. Check the bracket position
with the level again to make sure it is still level, then mark the third
mounting hole using a pencil or marker. Unscrew and remove the
mounting screws and the transducer bracket and set aside.
7. Drill the third mounting hole, using a 5/32” drill bit. Use a marinegrade silicone sealant to fill all three drilled mounting holes, especially
if the holes penetrated the transom wall.
NOTE: On fiberglass hulls, it is best to use progressively larger drill bits to reduce the
chance of chipping or flaking the outer coating.
Fully Tighten All Three
Mounting Screws
Figure 27
8. Re-position the transducer bracket against
the transom of the boat, then hand-install all
three screws. Make sure that the transducer
location has not changed, then fully tighten
all three mounting screws (Figure 27). Hand
tighten only! Re-install the transducer to the
mounting bracket, making sure to assemble
the ratchets in the same location they had
before. (See Figures 18a - 18d and Figure 21 22). If you have performed the preceding
procedures correctly, the transducer should
be level and at the right height for optimal
operation.
19
Transom Transducer Installation
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
It is important to perform the PiranhaMAX portable case assembly tasks in
order, referring to the step-by-step procedures that represent the following
main assembly tasks:
• Assembling the PiranhaMAX mount
• Assembling the base and handle
• Assembling the control head to the base and handle
• Routing the cables in the base
• Assembling the portable case
• Charging and installing the battery
• Assembling the transducer mounting bracket
• Stowing the portable transducer and battery charger into the
portable case.
When you are done, the control head and the transducer will be part of the
portable case assembly, and you will be ready to take your portable case to the
boat for final setup.
NOTE: In addition to the hardware supplied with your installation kit, you will need a
hammer, Phillips screwdriver, socket wrench, and a rope or bungee cord.
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
20
1. Assemble the Control Head Base
Your control head base will have a tilt and swivel mount. See the instructions
below to assemble and mount the control head base.
To assemble a tilt and swivel mount:
Tilt and Swivel Mount
Control Head Base Assembly
1. Insert the mount arms into the base.
Then, hold the mount arms in place
as you turn the base upside down.
Mount Arms
Base
2. Insert the swivel ring into the base,
with the countersink holes for the
arm screws facing out.
3. Secure the mount arms with the four
#6 screws provided (Figure 28). Hand
tighten only!
Swivel
Ring
Countersink
Side Out
Arm Screws,
4 #6 x7/16"
Figure 28
21
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
2. Assemble the Base and Handle
In this procedure, you will install the PiranhaMAX mount and handle to the
base of the portable case.
Punching Holes
1. Turn the base upside down. Punch
out the mounting holes labeled “C”
with a hammer and a screwdriver (or
an awl) as shown in the illustration
Punching Holes.
2. Turn the base right side up. Line up
the PiranhaMAX mount with the
holes you punched out in step 1.
3. Using a socket wrench and a Phillips
screwdriver, secure the PiranhaMAX
mount to the base with the four
included 3/4” screws, lock washers,
and nuts. Hand tighten only!
Figure 29
Attaching the Mount to the Base
PiranhaMAX Tilt
and Swivel Mount
Base
Figure 30
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
22
4. Install the handle onto the base, so that the curved part of the handle
faces towards the back of the base, towards the battery well. Use the
four included #8-32 x 7/16" screws, two on each side, to attach the
handle to the base (see the illustrations Installing the Handle Onto the
Base and Sliding in the Handle). Hand tighten only!
Sliding in the Handle
Installing the Handle Onto the Base
Figure 31
NOTE: The handle is keyed so that it only fits onto the base in one direction.
3. Attach the Control Head to the Base and Handle
In this procedure you will install the control head onto the base assembly.
1. Insert the thumbknob bolt through the pivot knuckle on the control
head.
2. Align the pivot knuckle with the mount arms and slide into place,
twisting slightly if necessary, until the unit is firmly seated.
3. Rotate the control head to the desired angle and hand tighten the
thumbknob bolt.
4. Thread the gimbal knob onto the pivot bolt and tighten.
23
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
Attaching the Control Head to the Base and Handle
Pivot
Knuckle
Thumbknob
Bolt
Gimbal Knob
Gimbal Knob
Rear View
Front View
Figure 32
4. Route the Cables
In this procedure, you will route the power
and transducer jumper cables on the
underside of the base, and attach the tiedown straps that will be used to secure
the battery to the base in a later
procedure.
1. Turn the base upside down, then
thread the two included hook and
loop battery tie-down straps from
the bottom of the base up through
each side of the battery well, using
the strap holes (see the illustration
Attaching the Battery Tie-Down
Straps).
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
24
Attaching the Battery Tie-Down Straps
Battery
tie-down straps
Figure 33
2. Route the power cable from the mount
DOWN through the center hole of the
base. Route the transducer jump cable UP
through the base and mount. (Figure 34)
Pulling the Cables Through the Base
3. Connect the cables to the control head.
The slots for the plugs are keyed to prevent
reverse installation, and insertion should
be easy. Do not to force the connectors
into the control head. (Figure 35)
4. Pull the power cable through the opening
in the long side of the cable well and
insert it into the battery well (see the
illustration Installing the Cables Onto the
Base).
Figure 34
Connecting the Cables to the Control Head
5. Route the transducer jumper cable (see the
illustration Installing the Cables Onto the
Base) out the long side of the cable well
and follow the arrows on the base.
Installing the Cables Onto the Base
Screws
Transducer
Jumper
Cable
Figure 35
Jumper Cable Well
Power Cable
Figure 36
25
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
6. Fit the transducer jumper cable connector down into the jumper cable
well and snap it into place. Insert the two #6-32 x 1/4" screws included
to secure the transducer jumper connector and tighten using a Phillips
screwdriver. Hand tighten only!
7. Secure all cables to the base, using the included zip ties, at the mount
points shown in the illustration (see the illustration Tying Down the
Cables).
Tying Down the Cables
Zip Tie
Mounting
Point
Transducer
Jumper Cable
Power Cable
Figure 37
8. Turn the base right side up and pull up gently on the battery tie-down
straps to remove the slack.
NOTE: You will need to perform more assembly procedures, as well as charge
the battery for 8 hours, before you install the battery into the portable case. See
Charge and Install the Battery for more information.
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
26
5. Assemble the Portable Case
In this procedure, you will install the base assembly into the portable case.
1. Unzip the largest opening on the front of the portable case.
2. Insert the base assembly into the portable case, so that the
PiranhaMAX control head is facing out of the case. For best results,
pull the case over one shoulder of the handle at a time.
3. Adjust the case so that you can easily grab the handle, through the
fabric handhold inset, from the outside top of the portable case.
Installing the Base into the Case
Pulling the Case over the Handle
Holding the Portable Case
Figure 38
6. Charge and Install the Battery
In this procedure you will charge and then install and secure the battery.
1. Charge the battery, using the included battery charger, until it is fully
charged as indicated by the LED on the charger. Charging usually
requires 8 continuous hours but may vary depending on your
configuration.
NOTE: Some international models may not include a battery or battery charger.
2. Open the bottom back zipper on the portable case, and install the
battery in the battery well. While holding the tie-down straps out of
the way, make sure the power cable is fitted snugly into the slot in the
well so that the battery does not rest on it (see the illustration
Installing the Battery).
27
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
Installing the Battery
Tying Down the Battery
Figure 39
3. Pull the two battery tie-down straps over the top of the battery and
connect both ends of each strap over the top, making sure that the
straps are pulled tight around the battery and that the battery is
seated securely in the battery well.
4. Zip up the back opening.
NOTE: Do NOT connect the power cable to the battery at this time. You should wait
until just before fishing to connect the power cable to the battery.
7. Assemble the Transducer Mounting Bracket
In this procedure you will assemble the portable transducer mounting bracket.
1. Line up the two ratchet pieces at position 1 so that the beads are
aligned with the rib on the transducer. See illustrations.
Transducer Knuckle Positions
Ratchets Placed in Position 1
Beads
Knuckle
Ratchet
Rib at
position 1
Figure 40
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
28
2. Assemble the other transducer parts as shown (see the illustration
Assembling the Portable Bracket below). Hand tighten only!
Assembling the Portable Bracket
Suction Cup
Portable Transducer
Assembly
Phillips Head
Screw
Washer
Bolt
Wing Nut
Ratchet
Figure 41
NOTE: If you are unable to ratchet the transducer so
that it rests below the water and points straight
down, you can disassemble it and align the beads
with a different number until you reach a position
that allows the proper alignment.
Ratchets Placed in Position 2
Bead
Rib
Ratchet
Figure 42
8. Stow the Portable Transducer and Battery Charger
into the Portable Case
1. Load the portable transducer into the carrying compartment (upper zip
opening on the back of the portable case) and close the zipper.
2. Turn the portable case around so that you can access the front, and
load the battery charger into the zip pocket on the left as you face the
front of the portable case.
3. Make sure all the zippers are closed.
29
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Assembly
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
Since the portable case has a large non-skid mounting surface, it may be
attached to almost any surface.
In this section, you will route the cables on the boat, connect the transducer
and power cables to the portable case, and attach the portable case to a dry
and convenient location on your boat.
1. Connect the Transducer and Power Cables to the Portable Case
1. Make sure the large opening in the front of the portable case is
unzipped; you may want to roll up the flap and secure it with the
provided strap and clip while you’re working.
2. Plug the transducer cable into the jumper port in the portable case to
the left of the control head, as you face the front of the bag (see the
illustration Plugging in the Transducer).
Plugging in the Transducer
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
30
3. Turn the portable case around so
that you can access the back, and
open the back zipper. Connect the
spade clip on the red wire of the
power cable to the red terminal on the
battery, and the spade clip on the
black wire of the power cable to the
black terminal on the battery. Make
sure that the spade clips are snugly
attached to the terminals (see the
illustration Connecting the Spade
Clips).
4. Make sure the back battery door and
side pockets are zipped, but leave the
front of the bag unzipped for easy
access during installation.
Connecting the Spade Clips
Figure 43
2. Attach the Portable Case to the Boat
1. Attach the portable case to a surface on the boat by threading rope or
bungee cord (not provided) through the D-rings on either side of the
portable case.
NOTE: Humminbird® recommends that you do NOT position the portable case on the
bottom of the boat, or in a location where it can be splashed by or immersed in water,
as the portable case is water resistant, but not waterproof.
31
Installing the Portable Case on the Boat
Mounting the Portable Transducer
Once your Portable fishfinder is fully assembled (see the Portable Case
Assembly section for more information), it takes just a few easy steps before
you are ready to fish:
• Test the transducer prior to installation
• Mount the portable transducer on the boat
1. Test the Transducer Prior to Installation
Prior to installation, test the transducer to make sure that no damage occurred
during shipping.
1. Hold the transducer in the water over the side of the boat to confirm
proper operation. If the transducer is working properly, you should be
able to see the bottom on the control head display.
2. Mount the Portable Transducer on the Boat
Perform the procedures in this section to install the transducer on your boat.
NOTE: The suction cup mount is designed for quick, easy installation and removal,
NOT for high speed operation. If you intend to operate your boat at any speed faster
than trolling speeds, remove the suction cup transducer from the water.
It is important that the mounting position allows the transducer to rest beneath
the surface of the water, pointing straight down. You can mount the transducer
anywhere on the side of the boat if your boat remains stationary. If you are
trolling, it is best to mount the transducer on the transom of the boat.
Your portable transducer is designed to be installed and adjusted without the
use of tools. Mounting the transducer to the boat is a simple yet important
operation. A poor mounting location will affect the overall performance of the
Humminbird® unit, so follow the mounting instructions carefully. It is important
that the mounting position allows the transducer to rest beneath the surface
of the water, pointing straight down. You can mount the transducer anywhere
on the side of the boat if your boat remains stationary.
Mounting the Portable Transducer
32
NOTE: If you are trolling, it is best to mount the transducer on the transom of the boat.
1. Mount the transducer so that it points straight down and so that the
transducer itself is submerged in the water (see the illustration
Portable Transducer Mount).
Transducer Running Angle
Portable Transducer Mount
Figure 44
2. Adjust the running angle so that the transducer is parallel to and
below the surface of the water (see the illustration Transducer
Running Angle).
3. Hand-tighten the wing nut so that the transducer will not rotate.
Transducer Tie-Down Strap
Figure 45
4. Secure the transducer cable in case of
accidental release when the boat is
moving, since a loose transducer can
cause damage to itself, your boat, or
become tangled in the propeller.
Attach the tie-down strap to the
transducer cable around an
immovable object such as a rail or
fitting, as shown in the illustration (see
the illustration Transducer Tie-Down
Strap).
5. When you have finished using the transducer, unplug the transducer
cable from the transducer jumper port on the base, then coil the cable
around the assembly.
33
Mounting the Portable Transducer
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
You should take the portable case with you when you leave the boat and will
not be using it. Perform the following steps to make your unit mobile:
1. With the boat engine off, loosen all cable retainers/clips holding the
transducer.
2. Remove the case from the surface mount.
3. Remove the transducer from the surface where it has been mounted,
wipe it dry, and stow it in the portable case rear pocket.
4. Unplug the power cable when not in use.
Moving the Portable Fishfinder
34
Power ON and OFF
Use the following instructions to power on your PiranhaMAX unit:
• Power On: Press the POWER/MENU key until
the PiranhaMAX powers on, then release the
key.
• Start-Up Menu: When the PiranhaMAX powers
on, the Start-Up menu temporarily appears.
From this menu, select either Normal or
Simulator.
• For on the water use, select Normal.
• To learn how to use the system with
simulated data, select Simulator.
• Power Off: Press and hold the POWER/MENU
key until the unit powers off.
NOTE: International units powered on for the first time will first display setup menu
options such as Language, Units - Distance, Units - Speed, etc. for initial system setup.
NOTE: If Simulator Mode is selected from the Start-Up Menu and a transducer is
plugged in, some menu setting changes will be saved in memory even after the unit is
powered down. Menu setting changes will not be saved when a transducer is not
connected.
To Make a Selection from the Start-Up Menu:
1. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select Normal or Simulator.
2. Press the CHECK/ENTER key to confirm your selection.
NOTE: See Key Functions and How to Use the Menu System for more information.
35
Power ON and OFF
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
The PiranhaMAX is the easiest to use fishfinder ever. For most anglers, all you’ll
ever need to do is power on and fish! The PiranhaMAX automatically
determines depth and makes adjustments to keep the bottom and fish visible
on the display.
The PiranhaMAX uses sonar technology to send sound waves from the
transducer into the water. The returned “echoes” are plotted on the display,
creating a very accurate picture of the underwater world, including distance to
underwater objects such as the bottom, fish, and structure.
Your PiranhaMAX will have Single or Dual Beam sonar. Find the correct sonar
description that applies to your unit.
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
36
Single Beam Sonar
The PiranhaMAX 165 uses a 200 kHz single beam sonar system with a 28°
area of coverage. Boat speed, wave action, bottom hardness, water conditions
and transducer installation can all affect depth capability.
Dual Beam Sonar
The PiranhaMAX 175, 176i, 195c, and 196ci use a 200/455 kHz dual beam
sonar system with a 28° area of coverage. Dual Beam sonar is optimized to
show the greatest bottom definition using a narrow (16°) beam yet can still
indicate fish found in the wide (28°) beam when the Fish ID+™ feature is
turned on. Dual Beam is ideal for a wide range of conditions - from shallow to
very deep water in both fresh and salt water. Boat speed, wave action, bottom
hardness, water conditions, and transducer installation can all affect depth
capability.
37
PiranhaMAX Sonar Technology
What You See on the Display
The PiranhaMAX displays underwater information in an easy-to-understand
format. The top of the display corresponds to the water surface at the
transducer, and the bottom of the display corresponds to the Depth Range
automatically selected for the current water depth. The Bottom Contour varies
as the depth under the boat changes. Digital readouts provide precise
information for depth, fish, and water temperature.
As the boat moves, terrain and bottom composition variations are displayed.
Fish, baitfish, and thermoclines (underwater temperature changes) are
displayed when detected. Underwater conditions vary greatly, so some
experience and interpretation is needed to realize all the benefits of the
PiranhaMAX - use the following illustrations as a guide to the most common
conditions and practice using your PiranhaMAX over known bottom types.
Sonar View
Upper Range
Depth
Surface Clutter
Temperature
Shaded Fish Symbol
Bottom Contour
Structure
Lower Range
What You See on the Display
38
How GPS Works
If your PiranhaMAX model includes GPS (Global Positioning System), it will use
GPS and sonar to determine your current track, display it on a grid, and provide
detailed underwater information.
GPS uses a constellation of satellites that
continually send radio signals to the earth. The
GPS receiver on your boat receives signals from
satellites that are visible to it. Based on time
differences between each received signal, the
GPS receiver determines its distance to each
satellite. With distances known, the GPS receiver
mathematically triangulates its own position.
With 5 updates per second, the GPS receiver then
calculates its velocity and bearing.
GPS was originally intended for military use; however, civilians may also take
advantage of its highly accurate position capabilities, typically within +/- 4.5
meters, depending on conditions. This means that 95% of the time, the GPS
receiver will read a location within +/- 4.5 meters of your actual position. Your
GPS Receiver also uses information from WAAS (the Wide Area Augmentation
System), EGNOS (the European Geostationary Navigation Overlay Service), and
MSAS (the MTSAT Satellite Augmentation System) satellites if they are
available in your area.
PiranhaMAX models that include GPS currently support the following GPS
functionality:
• View current track (breadcrumb trail)
• View precision speed and heading
• Save waypoints. Your Fishfinder can store over 500 waypoints.
See Track View for more information.
39
How GPS Works
The PiranhaMAX Control Head
Your PiranhaMAX unit interface is easy to use. A combination of keys and
special features allows you to control what you see on the display. Refer to the
following illustration, and see Key Functions for more information.
Display
POWER/MENU
Key
CHECK/ENTER
Key
UP and DOWN
Arrow Keys
The PiranhaMAX Control Head
40
Key Functions
Your Fishfinder has a set of easy to use keys that give you flexibility and control
over your fishing experience.
POWER/MENU Key
The POWER/MENU key is used to power the PiranhaMAX on and
off. It is also used to open and close the menu system.
• Menus: Press the POWER/MENU key in any view to open the menu for
that view. Each menu provides frequently-used menu settings that
correspond with the current view.
• Menu Option Settings: Press the POWER/MENU key to confirm a menu
option setting. The changes will be activated and saved immediately.
• Exit: In an active menu, press the POWER/MENU key to return to the
previous submenu in the menu system. In an inactive menu, press the
POWER/MENU key to exit the menu and return to the current view.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System for more information.
NOTE: Each time the POWER/MENU key is pressed, the backlight momentarily
illuminates for easy viewing at night. Adjust the LIGHT menu setting to keep the
backlight on (see Sonar Menu: Light).
UP and DOWN Arrow Keys
The UP and DOWN Arrow Keys have multiple functions,
which depend on the view, menu, or situation.
• Menu Selection: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to
highlight a menu option.
• Menu Option Settings: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow
keys to adjust a menu setting in an active menu.
• Track View (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only): Press the UP or
DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the zoom scale in Track View.
• Sonar View: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the Sensitivity
in Sonar View.
41
Key Functions
CHECK/ENTER Key
The CHECK/ENTER Key has multiple functions, which depend on
the view, menu, or situation.
• Menu Activation: Press the CHECK/ENTER key after selecting a menu
option to activate the menu or open a submenu.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System for more information.
• Menu Option Settings: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to confirm a menu
option setting. The changes will be activated and saved immediately.
• Mark Waypoints (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only): Press the
CHECK/ENTER key while in Sonar View or Track View to mark the boat’s
current position as a waypoint.
Key Functions
42
How to Use the Menu System
Review the instructions below to understand how to use the menu system.
1. Open the Menu System
Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Select a Menu Option
Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select a menu option.
NOTE: Available menu options will be determined by the view
currently displayed on-screen. See Views for more information.
The menu name will be highlighted, indicating the menu
is active, but the menu option is inactive.
Inactive Menu Option
When the menu
option is gray,
the menu option
is inactive.
When the menu
name is white, the
menu is currently
selected.
3. Activate a Menu Option and Adjust Settings
Activate a Menu Option: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate the selected menu option.
The menu option will be highlighted, indicating the menu
option is active and changes can be made to the menu
setting.
Active Menu Option
When the menu
option is white,
the menu option
is active.
When the menu
name is gray, the
menu is currently
inactive.
43
How to Use the Menu System
Adjust a Menu Setting: After a menu is selected, press the UP or DOWN
Arrow keys to adjust the menu setting. Press the CHECK/ENTER key or the
POWER/MENU key to confirm the selection. Menu settings are saved and
removed from the screen automatically after several seconds.
NOTE: In Normal operating mode, most menu settings saved to memory will not return
to their default values when the unit is turned off. Some menu settings, such as Light,
Depth Range, and Zoom will return to their default settings after the unit is powered off.
Open a Submenu: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to open a submenu. From the
opened submenu, repeat steps 2 and 3 to make a menu selection.
4. Close a Menu
Press the POWER/MENU key until the menu system is
closed.
How to Use the Menu System
44
Set Up the Control Head
Use the Setup Menu to customize the settings of your PiranhaMAX unit.
• Set Sonar View Display Settings: Use the Setup Menu to set the
Contrast, Bottom View, and how fish are displayed on-screen.
• Set Units of Measurement: From the Setup Menu, open the Units
submenu to set the units of measurement for distance and speed. See
To Open the Units Submenu for instructions.
• International Units will have menu options such as Language and
Units of Measurement for depth, speed, distance, and temperature.
NOTE: Menu options are determined by your Humminbird® model. See the following
pages for full menu descriptions.
NOTE: If Simulator Mode is selected from the Start-Up Menu and a transducer is plugged
in, some menu setting changes will be saved in memory even after the unit is powered
down. Menu setting changes will not be saved when a transducer is not connected.
To Open the Setup Menu:
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select SETUP and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System for more information.
To Open the Units Submenu:
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select SETUP and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select UNITS and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System: Open a Submenu for more
information.
45
Set Up the Control Head
Contrast (PiranhaMAX 165, 175, and 176i models only)
Settings: 1 to 5; Default = 3, Setting Saved in Memory
Contrast accents the light and dark parts of the sonar data to provide greater
definition.
Fish ID+™ (Sonar View only)
Settings: On, Off; Default = On, Setting Saved in Memory
Dual Beam Single Beam
Fish ID+™ uses advanced signal processing to interpret sonar returns, and will
display a Fish Symbol when very selective requirements are met. To turn on fish
symbols, select On. A select number of possible fish returns will be displayed
with their associated depth. To turn off fish symbols so that only raw sonar
returns are displayed on the view, select Off.
Raw Sonar,
Fish ID+TM
Off
200 kHz
Fish ID+TM
On
Raw Sonar,
Fish ID+TM
Off
200/455 kHz
Fish ID+TM
On
NOTE: Returns from the 200 kHz beam and the 455 kHz beam are shown with shaded
fish symbols.
Bottom View (Sonar View only)
Settings: PiranhaMAX 165, 175, and 176i: Structure ID, Black,
WhiteLine, Inverse; PiranhaMAX 195c and 196ci: Structure ID,
WhiteLine; Default = Structure ID, Setting Saved in Memory
Bottom View selects the method used to represent the bottom and structure
on the display.
Set Up the Control Head
46
Structure ID® represents weak returns as light pixels and
strong returns as dark pixels. This has the benefit of
ensuring that strong returns will be clearly visible on the
display.
Black (Bottom Black [monochrome models only]) displays
all pixels below the bottom contour as black, regardless of
signal strength. This has the benefit of providing a high
contrast between the bottom and other sonar returns on
the display.
WhiteLine™ highlights the strongest sonar returns in
white resulting in a distinctive outline. This has the
benefit of clearly defining the bottom on the display.
Inverse (monochrome models only) is a method where
weak returns are shown with dark pixels and strong
returns with lighter pixels. This has the benefit of
ensuring that weak signals will be clearly visible on the
display.
47
Set Up the Control Head
Reset
Settings: Select CONFIRM and press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate.
Use this menu choice with caution!
Reset restores ALL menu settings to their factory defaults.
Language (International Models only)
Settings Vary; Default = English, Setting Saved in Memory
Language selects the display language for menus.
Units - Distance (Units submenu)
Settings: Domestic Models: Miles (MI), Nautical Miles;
International Models: Nautical Miles, Kilometers, Miles (MI);
Default = Miles/Kilometers, Setting Saved in Memory
Units - Distance selects the units of measure for all distance-related readouts.
Units - Speed (Units submenu)
Settings: Domestic Models: MPH, Knots (KTS); International
Models: MPH, Knots (KTS), KPH; Default = MPH/KPH, Setting
Saved in Memory
Units - Speed selects the units of measure for speed-related readouts.
Units - Temperature
(International Models only, Units submenu)
Settings: ˚C (Celsius), ˚F (Fahrenheit); Default = ˚C (Celsius),
Setting Saved in Memory
Units - Temperature selects the units of measure for all temperature-related
readouts.
Units - Depth (International Models only, Units submenu)
Settings: Feet, Meters, Fathoms; Default = Meters, Setting Saved
in Memory
Units - Depth selects the units of measure for all depth-related readouts.
Set Up the Control Head
48
Views
The sonar and navigation information from your Fishfinder are displayed on the
screen in a variety of easy-to-read views.
• Default View: When you first power up the control head, Sonar View
will be the default view.
• Available Views: The available views on your PiranhaMAX unit will vary
with the model. See the following pages for more information.
Display a View
Use the instructions below to select a view to display on your PiranhaMAX
control head.
To Display a View:
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select VIEW and press the
CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select a view and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
49
Views
Status View
Status View displays current data, including the unit model number, serial
number, and battery status.
• PiranhaMAX models that include GPS will also display GPS data,
such as GPS Fix, latitude and longitude, average satellite strength (CNO
Avg.), and HDOP (the Horizontal Dilution of Precision). HDOP is a GPS
system parameter which depends on the current satellite
configuration.
• Status Menu: From the Status Menu, you can change the view
displayed on-screen. See Views for more information.
Status View (PiranhaMAX 176i)
Status View
50
Sonar View
Sonar View presents a historical log of sonar returns. The most recent sonar
returns are charted on the right side of the display. As new information is
received, the historical information scrolls left across the display.
• Upper and Lower Depth Range numbers indicate the distance from
the surface of the water to a depth range sufficient to show the bottom.
• Sensitivity: Press the UP or DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the Sensitivity.
(See Sonar Menu: Sensitivity)
• Zoom: See Sonar Menu: Zoom to adjust the magnification of the view.
The Zoom Level, or magnification, will be displayed on the screen.
• Sonar Menu: To access related Sonar and Setup menu options, see
Sonar Menu.
• Mark Waypoints (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only): Press the
CHECK/ENTER key to mark the current position of the boat as a
waypoint. Waypoints are saved in numerical order.
NOTE: Waypoints are saved to the unit even after it is powered off. Tracks are not
saved after the unit is powered off.
Sonar View (PiranhaMAX 165)
Upper Range
Depth
Surface Clutter
Temperature
Bottom Contour
Shaded Fish Symbol
Structure
Lower Range
51
Sonar View
Sonar Menu
Sonar Menu provides a shortcut to your most frequently-used settings in
Sonar View. Sonar View must be displayed on the screen in order to open the
Sonar Menu.
From the Sonar Menu you can perform the following:
• Customize the Sonar View Display: Set the Depth Range, Chart
Speed, Zoom level, etc.
NOTE: Menu options are determined by your Humminbird® model. See the
following pages for full menu descriptions.
• Access Sonar Setup Menu Options: Open the Setup submenu to set
the Contrast, Bottom View, and Fish ID+™ settings. See Set Up the
Control Head for full menu descriptions.
• Set Sonar Alarms: Open the Alarms submenu to set sonar alarms, such
as Depth and Fish ID. See Alarms for more information.
To Open the Sonar Menu:
1. With the Sonar View on-screen, press the POWER/MENU key once to
open the Sonar Menu.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System for more information.
Sonar Menu
52
View
Settings: Sonar, Track (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only), Status;
Default = Sonar
View selects a view to be displayed on the screen.
Depth Range
Settings: Auto, 15 ft - 600 ft, 5 m - 184 m (International Models
only); Default = Auto
Depth Range sets the deepest depth range that will be displayed by the unit.
Auto: When in automatic, the lower range will be adjusted by the unit to follow
the bottom.
Manual: You can adjust the Depth Range to lock the unit on a particular depth.
NOTE: In manual operation, if the depth is greater than the depth range setting, the
bottom will not be visible on the display. Select AUTO to return to automatic operation.
Sensitivity
Settings: 0 - 10; Default = 5, Setting Saved in Memory
Sensitivity controls how much detail is shown on the display.
Increasing the sensitivity shows more sonar returns from small baitfish and
suspended debris in the water; however, the display may become too
cluttered. When operating in very clear water or greater depths, increased
sensitivity shows weaker returns that may be of interest.
Decreasing the sensitivity eliminates the clutter from the display that is
sometimes present in murky or muddy water. If Sensitivity is adjusted too low,
the display may not show many sonar returns that could be fish.
53
Sonar Menu
Zoom
Settings: Off, Auto, Manual Ranges; Default = Off
Zoom provides a magnified view of the bottom and structure.
Auto: Select Auto to magnify the area around the bottom in order to reveal fish
and structure close to the bottom that may not be visible during normal
operation. When ZOOM is set to Auto, the upper and lower Depth Ranges are
automatically adjusted to keep the area above and below the bottom on the
display. Select Off to return to normal operation.
Manual: There is also a series of manual ranges which can be selected. The
manual depth ranges are determined by the present depth conditions.
Upper
Zoom Range
Structure
Magnified Bottom
with More Detail
Lower
Zoom Range
Chart Speed
Settings: 1 - 5, where 1 = Slow, 5 = Fast; Default = 5, Setting
Saved in Memory
Chart Speed determines the speed at which the sonar information moves
across the display, and consequently the amount of detail shown.
A faster speed shows more information and is preferred by most anglers;
however, the sonar information moves across the display quickly. A slower
speed keeps the information on the display longer, but the bottom and fish
details become compressed and may be difficult to interpret.
Sonar Menu
54
Filter
Settings: On, Off; Default = Off, Setting Saved in Memory
Filter adjusts the sonar filter to limit interference on the display from
sources such as your boat engine, turbulence, or other sonar devices.
Light
Settings: 0 - 5; Default = 0
Light adjusts the brightness of the display. Use a higher backlight setting for
night fishing.
NOTE: Continuous backlight operation will significantly decrease the battery life for
PiranhaMAX Portables.
Beam Select
Settings: PiranhaMAX 165: 200 kHz; PiranhaMAX 175, 176i,
195c, and 196ci: 200 kHz, 455 kHz; Default = 200 kHz
Beam Select sets which sonar returns from the transducer will be displayed on
the screen. The available beam frequencies are determined by your
PiranhaMAX model.
• When set to 200 kHz, only the returns from
the 200 kHz (28°) wide beam will be displayed
in the Sonar View.
16°
455kHz
• When set to 455 kHz, only the returns from
the 455 kHz (16°) narrow beam will be
displayed in the Sonar View.
28°
200kHz
28 Degree Total Coverage
55
Sonar Menu
Track View (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only)
Track View displays the current track (also known as the position history or
breadcrumb trail) showing where the boat has been, along with saved waypoints.
• Digital Readouts: The digital readouts in this view are fixed.
• Zoom: Press the UP and DOWN Arrow keys to adjust the scale of the view.
The zoom scale will be displayed on the screen. (See Track Menu: Zoom)
• Mark Waypoints: Press the CHECK/ENTER key to mark the current
position of the boat as a waypoint. Waypoints are saved in numerical order.
NOTE: Waypoints are saved to the unit even after it is powered off. Tracks are not
saved after the unit is powered off.
• North-Up: True North is shown at the top of the display.
• COG (Course Over Ground) Vector displays the projected path of the
boat. See Track Menu: COG Vector to turn this option on or off.
• Track Menu: To access related Track and Setup menu options, see
Track Menu.
Track View (PiranhaMAX 176i)
Depth
North-Up Indicator
COG Vector
Boat Icon
Track
Waypoint
Cardinal
Direction
Indicator
Zoom Scale
COG (Course Over Ground) Temperature
Track View
56
SOG (Speed Over Ground)
Track Menu (PiranhaMAX 176i and 196ci only)
Track Menu provides a shortcut to your most frequently-used settings in Track
View. Track View must be displayed on the screen in order to open the Track
Menu.
From the Track Menu you can perform the following:
• Customize the Track View Display: Turn the COG Vector on or off,
delete waypoints, start a new track, etc.
NOTE: Menu options are determined by your Humminbird® model. See the
following pages for full menu descriptions.
• Access Control Head Settings : Open the Setup submenu to change
display settings on your control head (see Set Up the Control Head). To
set alarms for your control head, open the Alarms submenu (see Alarms).
To Open the Track Menu:
1. With the Track View on-screen, press the POWER/MENU key once to
open the Track Menu.
NOTE: See How to Use the Menu System for more information.
57
Track Menu
View
Settings: Sonar, Track, Status; Default = Sonar
View selects the current view displayed on the screen.
Zoom
Settings: Off, Manual Ranges; Default = Off
Zoom adjusts the scale of the Track View. The zoom scale is indicated on the
display as you adjust the setting.
COG Vector
Settings: Off, On; Default = On
COG (Course Over Ground) Vector displays a line, extending from the bow of
the boat, that projects your current course and shows where the boat will go
if you continue on your present course.
Clear Track
Settings: Select CONFIRM and press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate.
Clear Track deletes the current track on the display and starts a new track at
the current position.
Delete
Settings: See details below.
Delete erases a saved waypoint from the control head. Waypoints are saved in
numerical order. To delete a saved waypoint, use the UP and DOWN Arrow
keys to select the waypoint you want to delete and press the CHECK/ENTER
key.
Track Menu
58
Delete All
Settings: Select CONFIRM and press the CHECK/ENTER key to
activate.
Use this menu choice with caution!
Delete All allows you to delete all saved waypoints at one time.
Light
Settings: 0 - 5; Default = 0
Light adjusts the brightness of the display. Use a higher backlight setting for
night fishing.
NOTE: Continuous backlight operation will significantly decrease the battery life for
PiranhaMAX Portables.
59
Track Menu
Alarms
Alarms are based on the limits you set for a device, such as battery voltage,
depth, and more. Set the alarms that apply to your PiranhaMAX installation
and configuration. See the Alarms table for a complete list of PiranhaMAX
alarms.
To Set an Alarm:
1. Press the POWER/MENU key.
2. Select SETUP and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
3. Select ALARMS and press the CHECK/ENTER key.
4. Select an alarm and press the CHECK/ENTER key to activate the menu.
5. Press the UP or DOWN Arrow key to select an alarm setting.
6. Press the POWER/MENU key or the CHECK/ENTER key to confirm the
selection.
7. Close: Press the POWER/MENU key until the menu system is closed.
NOTE: When an alarm is triggered, you can silence it by opening the Alarms menu and
turning the alarm off.
Alarms
60
Menu
Alarm Name
Alarm Description
Range
Sonar Menu: Alarms
Mute
Mute controls the audible
sound made when an alarm
is triggered.
On, Off;
Default = Off
Battery
Battery Alarm sounds when
the input battery voltage is
equal to or less than the
menu setting.
Off, 8.5V – 13.5V;
Default = Off
Fish
Fish Alarm sounds when the
fishfinder detects fish that
correspond to the alarm
setting.
Off, All, Large/Medium,
Large;
Default = Off
Depth
Depth Alarm sounds when
the depth is equal to or
less than the alarm setting.
Off, 3 – 99 feet or
1 – 30 meters*;
Default = Off
Mute
Mute controls the audible
sound made when an alarm
is triggered.
On, Off;
Default = Off
Battery
Battery Alarm sounds when
the input battery voltage is
equal to or less than the
menu setting.
Off, 8.5V – 13.5V;
Default = Off
Depth
Depth Alarm sounds when
the depth is equal to or
less than the alarm setting.
Off, 3 – 99 feet or
1 – 30 meters*;
Default = Off
Track Menu: Alarms
(PMAX 176i, 196ci only)
* International models only.
61
Alarms
Maintenance
Your Humminbird® fishfinder is designed to provide years of trouble free
operation with very little maintenance. Use the following procedures to ensure
your Humminbird® continues to deliver top performance.
Control Head Maintenance
It is important to consider the following precautions when using your
Humminbird® control head:
• Chemicals, such as those found in bug spray and sunscreen, may cause
permanent damage to the control head screen. Such damage is not
covered by the warranty.
• NEVER leave the control head in a closed car or trunk. The high
temperatures generated in hot weather can damage the electronics.
Use the following information to keep the control head and screen clean.
• Screen: To clean the control head screen, use a mild soap (such as a
non-abrasive liquid hand soap) and warm water. Wipe the screen dry
with a soft cloth. Be careful to avoid scratching the screen. If water
spots remain, use a solution of water and vinegar.
WARNING! Do not use a chemical glass cleaner on the screen. Chemicals in
the solution may cause cracking in the lens of the unit.
NOTE: Do not wipe the screen while dirt or grease is on the screen.
• Control Head: If the control head comes into contact with salt spray,
wipe the affected surfaces with a cloth dampened with fresh water.
Transducer Maintenance
Use the following information to maintain the transducer operation.
• If your boat remains in the water for long periods of time, algae and
other marine growth can reduce the effectiveness of the transducer.
Periodically clean the face of the transducer with liquid detergent.
NOTE: To clean the transducer, you may need to pivot the transducer up in the bracket.
Maintenance
62
• If your boat remains out of the water for a long period of time, it may
take some time to wet the transducer when it is returned to the water.
Small air bubbles can climb to the surface of the transducer and
interfere with proper operation. These bubbles dissipate with time, or
you can wipe the face of the transducer with your fingers after the
transducer is in the water.
PiranhaMAX Portable Case Maintenance
• If the portable case comes into contact with salt spray, wipe the
affected surfaces with a lint-free cloth, then apply a commercially
available anti-corrosive treatment to all exposed electrical contacts.
• If the portable case bag becomes dirty, clean the bag with mild soap,
water, and a soft rag or brush and then hang it up to dry.
How to Remove Water from the Portable Case
Open the front zipper and pull the case down to allow water to exit the case.
If needed, remove the case from the plastic base and air-dry it. Follow
recommended maintenance procedures for salt spray exposure if needed.
63
Maintenance
Troubleshooting
Do not attempt to repair the PiranhaMAX yourself. There are no user-serviceable parts
inside, and special tools and techniques are required for assembly to ensure the waterproof
integrity of the housing. Repairs should be performed only by authorized Humminbird®
technicians.
Many requests for repair received by Humminbird® involve units that do not actually need
repair. These units are returned “no problem found.” If you have a problem with your
PiranhaMAX, use the following troubleshooting guide before calling the Customer
Resource Center or sending your unit in for repair.
1. Nothing happens when I turn the unit on.
Check the power cable connection at both ends. Be sure the cable is connected
correctly to a reliable power source — red lead to positive, black lead to negative or
ground. Ensure the power available is between 10 and 20 VDC. If the unit is wired
through a fuse panel, ensure the panel is powered. Often accessory fuse panels are
controlled by a separate switch or the ignition switch.
Also, often a fuse can appear to be good when it is not. Check the fuse with a tester or
replace it with a fuse known to be good.
Check the power connection to the PiranhaMAX. It is possible to force the power cable
connector into the cable holder incorrectly. If the connector is reversed, the unit will not
work. Examine the contacts on the back of the unit to ensure there is no corrosion.
2. There is no transducer detected.
The PiranhaMAX has the ability to detect and identify that a transducer
is connected. When powering on, if a message indicates “transducer not connected”,
make sure that an appropriate transducer connector is plugged into the unit. In addition,
inspect the transducer cable from end to end for breaks, kinks, or cuts in the outer
casing of the cable. Also make sure that the transducer is fully submerged in water. If
the transducer is connected to the unit through a switch, temporarily connect it directly
to the unit and try again. If none of these actions identifies an obvious problem, the
transducer itself is probably at fault. Be sure to include the transducer if returning the
unit for repair.
3. There is no bottom reading visible on the display.
If the loss of bottom information occurs only at high boat speeds, the transducer needs
adjusting – see your PiranhaMAX Installation Guide for details. Also, in very deep water,
it may be necessary to increase the sensitivity setting manually to maintain a graphic
depiction of the bottom. If you are using a transducer switch to connect two transducers
to the PiranhaMAX, make sure that the switch is in the correct position to connect a
transducer that is in the water. (If a trolling motor transducer is selected and the trolling
motor is out of the water, no sonar information appears.) If none of these actions solves
Troubleshooting
64
the problem, inspect the transducer cable from end to end for breaks, kinks, or cuts in
the outer casing of the cable. If the transducer is connected to the unit through a switch,
temporarily connect it directly to the unit and try again. If none of these actions
identifies an obvious problem, the transducer itself may be at fault. Be sure to include
the transducer if returning the unit for repair.
4. When in very shallow water, I get gaps in the bottom reading and inconsistent
digital depth indication.
The PiranhaMAX will work reliably in water 3 feet (90 cm) or deeper. Remember that the
depth is measured from the transducer, not from the surface of the water.
5. The unit comes on before I press the POWER-MENU key, and won’t turn off.
Check the transducer cable — if the outer jacket of the cable has been cut and the
cable is in contact with bare metal, you will need to repair the cut with electrical tape.
If there is no problem with the cable, disconnect the transducer from the unit and see
if the problem is corrected, to confirm the source of the problem.
6. I get gaps in the reading at high speeds.
Your transducer needs adjusting. If the transducer is transom-mounted, there are two
adjustments available to you: height, and running angle. Make small adjustments and
run the boat at high speeds to determine the effect. It may take several tries to optimize
high-speed operation. This can also be a result of air or turbulence in the transducer
location caused by rivets, ribs, etc.
7. My unit loses power at high speeds.
Your PiranhaMAX has over-voltage protection that turns the unit off when input voltage
exceeds 20 VDC. Some outboard motors do not effectively regulate the power output of
the engine’s alternator and can produce voltage in excess of 20 Volts when running at
high RPMs.
8. The display begins to fade out. Images are not as sharp as normal.
Check the input voltage. The PiranhaMAX will not operate on input voltages below 10
VDC.
9. The display shows many black dots at high speeds and high sensitivity settings.
You are seeing noise or interference caused by one of several sources. Noise can be
caused by electronic devices. Turn off any nearby electronics and see if the problem
goes away. Noise can also be caused by the engine. If engine noise is causing the
interference, the problem will intensify at higher RPMs. Increase the engine speed with
the boat stationary to isolate this cause. Propeller cavitation can also appear as noise on
the display. If the transducer is mounted too close to the propeller, the turbulence
generated can interfere with the sonar signal. Make sure that the transducer is mounted
at least 15" (380 mm) from the propeller.
65
Troubleshooting
PiranhaMAX 165 Specifications
Depth Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .600 ft (183 m)
Power Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 200 Watts (RMS)
800 Watts (PTP)
Operating Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 kHz Single Beam
Area of Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28° @ -10 dB in 200 kHz
Target Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1/2 Inches (63.5 mm)
Power Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20 VDC
LCD Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240 V x 160 H
Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .XNT-9-28-T (includes built-in temperature probe)
Transducer Cable Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 ft (6 m)
NOTE: Product specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
NOTE: Humminbird® verifies maximum stated depth in saltwater conditions, however
actual depth performance may vary due to transducer installation, water type, thermal
layers, bottom composition, and slope.
Specifications
66
PiranhaMAX 175/176i/195c/196ci Specifications
Depth Capability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 kHz Beam: 600 ft (183 m)
455 kHz Beam: 320 ft (98 m)
Power Output . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 Watts (RMS)
1600 Watts (PTP)
Operating Frequency . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .200 kHz and 455 kHz Dual Beam
Area of Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28° @ -10 dB in 200 kHz
16° @ -10 dB in 455 kHz
Target Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2 1/2 Inches (63.5 mm)
Power Requirement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10-20 VDC
LCD Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .240 V x 160 H – (PiranhaMAX 175/176i)
320 V x 240 H – (PiranhaMAX 195c/196ci)
Transducer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .XNT-9-28-T (includes built-in temperature probe)
Transducer Cable Length . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20 ft (6 m)
NOTE: Product specifications and features are subject to change without notice.
NOTE: Humminbird® verifies maximum stated depth in saltwater conditions, however
actual depth performance may vary due to transducer installation, water type, thermal
layers, bottom composition, and slope.
67
Specifications
Environmental Compliance Statement: It is the intention of Johnson Outdoors Marine
Electronics, Inc. to be a responsible corporate citizen, operating in compliance with known
and applicable environmental regulations, and a good neighbor in the communities where
we make or sell our products.
WEEE Directive: EU Directive 2002/96/EC “Waste of Electrical and Electronic Equipment
Directive (WEEE)” impacts most distributors, sellers, and manufacturers of consumer
electronics in the European Union. The WEEE Directive requires the producer of consumer
electronics to take responsibility for the management of waste from their products to
achieve environmentally responsible disposal during the product life cycle.
WEEE compliance may not be required in your location for electrical & electronic equipment
(EEE), nor may it be required for EEE designed and intended as fixed or temporary
installation in transportation vehicles such as automobiles, aircraft, and boats. In some
European Union member states, these vehicles are considered outside of the scope of the
Directive, and EEE for those applications can be considered excluded from the WEEE
Directive requirement.
This symbol (WEEE wheelie bin) on product indicates the product must not be
disposed of with other household refuse. It must be disposed of and collected for
recycling and recovery of waste EEE. Johnson Outdoors Marine Electronics, Inc.
will mark all EEE products in accordance with the WEEE Directive. It is our goal to
comply in the collection, treatment, recovery, and environmentally sound disposal of those
products; however, these requirements do vary within European Union member states. For
more information about where you should dispose of your waste equipment for recycling
and recovery and/or your European Union member state requirements, please contact your
dealer or distributor from which your product was purchased.
Specifications
68
Contact Humminbird®
Contact the Humminbird® Customer Resource Center
in any of the following ways:
By Telephone:
(Monday - Friday 8:00 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Central Standard Time):
1-800-633-1468
By e-mail:
(typically we respond to your e-mail within three business days):
service@humminbird.com
For direct shipping, our address is:
Humminbird
Service Department
678 Humminbird Lane
Eufaula, AL 36027 USA
69
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