I n v a c a r e Action Junior
User guide
This manual MUST be given to the user of the product.
BEFORE using this product, read this manual and save for future reference
The information contained in this manual is subject to change without notice. Some information is submitted under copyright – all
rights reserved. Any information in this document cannot be photocopied or duplicated without prior written authorization by
As the European and world's leading manufacturer of wheelchairs, Invacare endeavours to supply a wide range of wheelchairs to
meet all the needs of the user in everyday life. However, final selection of the wheelchair rests solely with the user and his/her
qualified health advisor.
Proper and efficient use of the wheelchair that you have chosen is based upon the medical prescription which was issued for you
on the basis of your pathology and the nature of your disability.
Your wheelchair is especially designed to be used indoors, and with certain restrictions outdoor.
(Please look at
Warning paragraphs; Part A General Guidelines).
Warning : Indicates a hazardous situation that could result in serious injury or death if it is not avoided.
: Gives useful tips, recommendations and information for efficient, trouble-free use.
: This product complies with Directive 93/42/EEC concerning medical devices. The launch date of this product is stated in the
CE declaration of conformity.
Stamp of the Distributor
Dear Customer
Thank you for purchasing an Invacare wheelchair.
This model was designed to provide you with all the benefits and features to meet your needs. Only
quality components were selected for your wheelchair based upon rigorous inspections during the entire
manufacturing process.
This manual describes the operating limits of your wheelchair, maintenance operations and adjustments
that you or your assistant can make. However, all the repairs (except for inner tubes) as well as some
adjustments, require specific technical training and, therefore, must be performed by your Distributor.
Intended use
The Invacare Action 3 Junior is designed for both indoor and outdoor use with the purpose of helping
people who are not able to walk over a long distance. The wheelchair should only be used on level
ground and accessible terrain, as well as indoors.
Any other or incorrect use of the wheelchair could lead to hazardous situations.
Service life
Even though your Invacare wheelchair has been designed to provide a long and trouble free life it is
inevitable that wear, tear and usage will eventually render the product unusable. Invacare® recommends
that the average usable life of this product is five years, providing the product has been correctly
maintained according to the manufacturer's recommendations.
1. Safety and operating limits
1.1. Reaching an object from the chair
1.2. Transferring to other seats
1.3. Tilting
1.4. Tilting, Kerbs
1.5. Stairways
1.6. Slopes
2. Operating instructions
2.1. Unfolding and folding the wheelchair
2.2. Wheelchair propulsion
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.1. Performance control
3.2. General inspection
4. Transportation
4.1 Observations
4.2 Restraint systems
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1. Standard terms
5.2. Limitation of liability
6. Operating instructions for optimal safety
1. Presentation
1.1. Introduction
1.2. General description
2. Adjustments
2.1. Seat elements
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
2.1.2 Type of backrests
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
2.1.4 Footrest supports
2.1.5 Armrests
2.2. Frame
2.2.1 Folding system
2.2.2 Side frame
2.2.3 Steering tubes
2.2.4 Stabiliser kit
2.3. Rear wheel
2.3.1 22" & 20" wheels
2.3.2 Handrims
2.3.3 Axles
2.4. Castors
2.4.1 5" wheels
2.4.2 Front fork
2.5. Brakes
2.5.1 Manual brakes
2.5.2 Hub brakes
2.6. Options
2.6.1 Seating options
2.6.2 Propulsion options
2.6.3 Safety equipment and options
2.6.4 Other options
3. Specification and tool
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
3.2. Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance (Not supplied)
3.3. Dimensions and labelling
1. Safety and operating limits
For a safe operation of your wheelchair, the following
parameters should be observed :
- Stability and balance
Your wheelchair has been designed to provide the stability
you need during normal daily activities.
Any movement in the wheelchair will have an impact on
the position of the centre of gravity, which may lead to the
wheelchair tipping and a fall.
To improve your safety when you move a lot or you
transfer your weight from one place to another, we
recommend using seat belts.
- Weight distribution (figure 1)
Many actions cause the user of a wheelchair to reach
out, lean over or move about within the wheelchair and
outside it. Any movement you make whilst sat in your
wheelchair will move the combined centre of gravity (Gc)
of you and the wheelchair (Gw).You will remain stable in
the wheelchair whilst the line of your combined centre of
gravity lies within the points of contact of the forward and
rear wheels with the ground.
- Weight Limit
The maximum recommended weight of the user is 80 kg.
However, the level of activity is an essential factor. For
example, an active user who weighs 45 kg may subject the
wheelchair to more stress than user who weighs 60 kg. To
this purpose, we recommend that you consult your retailer
when choosing the model of wheelchair based upon your
daily life style.
1.1. Reaching an object from the chair
The limitations on reaching out from a wheelchair indicated
in the following diagrams have been calculated based on a
representative sample of wheelchair users:
- Only the arms should be extended beyond the seat of the
wheelchair. (figure 2).
- In any case the body and head shouldn't remain without the
boundaries of the seat. (figure 3).
1.1.2 Leaning backward
1.1.1 Leaning forward
Do not extend your chest beyond the armrest (figure 4).
In order to reach an object in front of you, you must lean and
bend down ; therefore, you must use the castors as a tool
(pointing them forward) to maintain stability and balance. An
accurate alignment of the wheels is essential for your safety
(figure 5).
Position wheelchair as close as possible to the desired object
so that you can simply pick it up by stretching your arm
while sitting in the chair in a normal position (figure 6). In any
case, do not lean backwards because you may cause the chair
to tip (figure 7).
Warning :
The hanging of additional load (back pack or similar items)
onto your chair backposts can affect the rearward stability
of your chair, especially when used in combination with
recliner backrests. This can cause the chair to tip backwards
causing injury. Therefore, Invacare® strongly recommend the
use of anti-tippers (available as an option) when using your
backposts with additional load (back pack or similar items).
1.2.Transferring to other seats
1.2.2 Front transfer (figure 9)
1.2.1 Sideways transfer
If you are more or less able to stand up and if your upper
body is strong and mobile enough, you can transfer forward
to another seat.
If you find this movement difficult, we recommend that you
obtain some assistance from an attendant or carer to ensure
the transfer is as smooth and safe as possible.
This may be done without assistance provided that you are
sufficiently mobile and have a strong enough torso.
- Move the wheelchair as close as possible to the seat
to which you would like to sit, with the castors pointed
forward. Lock the rear wheels by applying the brakes.
Fold both footplate up and push the footrest/legrest to
the side, remove / swing away the armrest to facilitate the
Shift your body towards the place where you want to sit
while distributing your weight to the arms and hands
(figures 8 & 8A).
- While moving from the wheelchair to the seat, your body
will have little or no support. Where possible use a transfer
board during transfers.
Lock both brakes and ensure both castor wheels are facing
the forward position.
Please note that the brakes should not be used in any case as
support for transfers. Fold the footplate up, then grip firmly
the armrest handle, take care of your nails on the skirt-guard
Push on your arms to easily lift yourself up and the attendant
can help you to finalise the transfer to the place where you
wish to sit.
Warning :
- Position yourself as close as possible to the place where
you wish to sit.
- When transferring, position yourself as far back as possible
in the seat to prevent breaking screws, damaging the seat
upholstery or causing the wheelchair to tip forward.
- Lock the two brakes ; they should not be used in any case
as support for transfers.
- Never stand on the footrests when you are getting in or
out of the wheelchair (figure 10).
1.3.Tilting (balancing on the rear wheels)
For greater safety, this operation must be performed by an
attendant. The attendant should be aware of the required
physical effort and use appropriate positioning in order to
relieve the strain on his/her back (keep a straight back and
bend your knees during this operation).
To tilt the wheelchair, the attendant must firmly grab the
handles making sure both are properly fixed. Warn the
occupant in the wheelchair before tilting it and remind him
/ her to lean backwards and make sure that both feet and
hands of the user are clear of the wheels.
Place a foot on the footstep tube and move continuously
until the chair reaches the equilibrium point. At this stage, the
assistant will feel a difference in weight distribution, which
usually occurs at approximately 30°. At this point, the
wheelchair can get over the obstacle easily.
Finally, the attendant slowly and gradually lowers the front
down to the ground, while firmly holding the handles.
Warning :
- Be aware of detachable parts such as armrests or legrests :
they must NEVER be used as lifting supports as they may be
inadvertently released, resulting in possible injury to the user
and / or attendant.
- Do not lower the wheelchair suddenly, even if it is several
centimetres from the ground, as this may result in injury of
the user.
1.4. Tilting, Kerbs
To get on the pavement :
- Method 1 (figure 11)
The attendant positions the wheelchair in front of the
pavement facing forward. Press down on the lower tube
of the frame (or on tipping levers, delivered as an option)
as well as pulling on the push handles. Attendant tilts the
wheelchair backwards until the castors reach the pavement;
attendant pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear
wheels are against the kerb and again pushes the wheelchair
until the rear wheels climb over the kerb.
- Method 2 (figure 12)
In this case, the attendant stays on the pavement and tilts
the wheelchair in a backwards position with the rear
wheels against the kerb. The attendant tilts the wheelchair
backwards until it is balanced and pulls the wheelchair with a
steady movement until the rear wheels climb over the kerb ;
then he / she lowers the castors, while making sure that the
chair is far enough on the pavement so that the castors do
not fall into empty space.
To get off the pavement :
The attendant positions the wheelchair facing forward on
the pavement and tilts it backwards until it is balanced, then
he/she pushes the wheelchair forward until the rear wheels
touch the road after getting over the obstacle; then, he / she
gradually lowers the castors to the ground.
1.5. Stairways
Because this is a difficult movement, we recommend using
two attendants, one in front of the wheelchair and one
behind the wheelchair.
Warning :
we recommend that users over 80 kg in weight do not use
this stairway manoeuvre !
To climb stairways (figure 13) :
After tilting the wheelchair to the point of equilibrium, one
assistant (at the back) holds the wheelchair up against the
first step grasping the handles firmly to lift.
The second assistant, lifts the wheelchair above the stairs,
while holding firmly a fixed part of the frame, and holds
it while the first assistant takes a step and repeats the
operation. The wheelchair must not be lowered until the last
step has been passed and the chair is clear of the stairs.
To descend stairways :
Same operation as above, however, reverse steps as above.
Warning :
- Do not attempt to lift the wheelchair by any removable
parts (such as armrests, legrests or footrests).
- Avoid using an escalator which may lead to serious injury
in the event of a fall.
1.6. Slopes
- Avoid turning suddenly and never try to climb and descend
a ramp diagonally (figure 17).
It is recommended to avoid using ramps with a slope higher
than 7°. The wheelchair risks tipping over in the event of
spinning or side movement (figure 14).
Warning : The position of the rear wheel axle and
the angle of your wheelchair’s backrest are two of the key
adjustments that can affect your stability whilst sat in the
wheelchair (see figure 14A).
Upward slopes (figure 15) :
Lean the upper body forward and your centre of gravity will
move forward to a more stable position. Now move the
wheelchair forward with short quick pushes on the hand
rims to maintain speed and direction control. If you want to
rest, apply both brakes when stopping.
Downward slopes (figure 16) :
Lean backward cautiously and your centre of gravity will
move backward to a more stable position. Now let the hand
rims slide in your hands. Be ready to react at any moment to
control speed and direction.
Warning : It is recommended to avoid using ramps
with a slope greater than 7 degrees and do not attempt to
turn whilst on a slope. The wheel position is usually factory
set and should not be change unless by the direction of a
competent person who must have assessed the impact of the
change on your stability in normal use. If your wheelchair is
fitted with a recliner backrest it is recommended that anti
tippers are also fitted and used whenever the backrest is
reclined from the upright position.
2. Operating instructions
2.1. Unfolding and Folding the wheelchair
2.1.1 Unfolding the wheelchair (figure 18) :
- With one hand, grab the armrest or the seat support tube
on one side of the wheelchair and slightly tilt it towards you
(so that the rear wheel and castor lift from the ground) ;
eg : Standard configuration
for fixed backrest
- With the other hand, push on the seat tube until
upholstery is fully extended and seat tube sits in receiver.
- Then, engage the two manual brakes, open the footrest/
legrest and check the ground clearance (footrest/ground
distance - see paragraph B-2.1.4). You can now sit down in
the wheelchair.
2.1.2 Folding the chair (figures 19 and 20) :
- Fold and lock the footrest/legrest toward the front of the
- Swivel the plates into the vertical position. Using both
hands, take the centre front and back edges of the seat
upholstery and lift it. Or, tilt the wheelchair to one side
and close it using the handles on the backrest.
Warning :
- Fold the wheelchair while keeping the seat upholstery
upwards to avoid damage by the folding system.
- Caution possible finger pinch.
2.2. Wheelchair propulsion
Self propelling wheelchair propulsion is achieved through the
use of the handrims mounted on the wheels.
The distance between the wheels axle position and the seat
height can be adjusted to allow you to hold the handrims
properly, and various accessories can be added to improve the
grip (anti-slip plastic coated, etc.).
Qualified medical and paramedical staff will be able to
provide you with advice regarding the propulsion which is best
adapted to your disability.
Any wheels adjustments to the set up of your wheelchair (see
paragraph 2.2.2) should only be performed at the direction of
a competent person who has fully risk assessed the implication
of any changes to the wheelchair configuration.
2.3. Lifting the wheelchair
First, fold the chair (see paragraph 2.1.2), always lift the
wheelchair by gripping the frame at the points (A) shown in
the figure 21.
Never lift the wheelchair by removable parts (armrests,
footrests). Ensure the backrest posts are securely in place.
3. Safety inspection and maintenance
3.2. General inspection
3.1. Performance control
Your distributor, who has the required technical expertise, is
responsible for any wheelchair repairs.
We recommend that you take the wheelchair to your
retailer at least once a year for a complete inspection.
Regular maintenance allows the identification and
replacement of defective and worn parts, which improves
the daily operation of your wheelchair.
As the user, you will be the first to notice any possible
operational defects with your wheelchair. The following table
indicates the easiest troubleshooting symptoms to identify
and the preliminary inspection that you can perform.
In the event that the symptoms persist after adjusting the
pressure in the tyres, please consult your retailer.
The inner tubes of the wheels are the only components that
you can repair yourself (see paragraph B-2.3).
If the screws and nuts are not tight enough or loose, the axle
fork angle is not perpendicular to the ground, please consult
your retailer to get a competent person to re-set them to
the correct position and tighten appropriately.
(Recommended torque minimum : M5 = 3-6 Nm;
M6 = 7-12 Nm & M8 = 10-20 Nm)
to the
to the left
turns or
Play in
clinking wheelchair
Make sure that
pressure in the
pneumatic tyre is
correct (cf. § B-2.3)
Make sure that the
bolts are tight
Check the adjustment
on the fork angle
Make sure that the
2 castors come in
contact with the
ground at the same
Regular inspections to be performed by you or your
assistants :
a. General
Make sure that the wheelchair folds and unfolds easily.
Make sure that the wheelchair moves in a straight line. (no
resistance or deviation)
b. Manual brakes
Make sure that the manual brakes do not touch the moving
Make sure that the manual brakes operate easily.
Make sure that the joints are not worn and do not have play.
c. Folding system
Check the folding system for worn or distorted parts.
d. Skirtguard/armrest upholstery
Make sure that all the fittings are properly tightened.
e. Armrests
Make sure that the armrests are firmly attached, but easy to
f. Armpad
Make sure that the armpads are in good condition.
g. Seat and backrest upholstery
Make sure that the upholstery is in good condition.
h. Rear wheels
Make sure that the wheel nuts and precision bearings are
Make sure that the wheels are parallel to the frame.
i. Handrims
Check for rough patches.
j. Spokes
Make sure that the spokes are not distorted, loose or
k. Castors
Make sure that the axle is tight by turning the wheel the
wheel must gradually come to a stop.
l. Fork/steering tube
Make sure that all the fittings are well tightened.
m. Pneumatic and solid tyres
Check the pressure of the pneumatic tyres (Front=250 kPa,
Rear=350 kPa) check the wear of the solid tyre tread.
n. Cleaning and disinfection
Cleaning: Use only damp clothes and gentle detergent.
Do not use abrasive or scouring liquid. Rinse the wheelchair
with a high-pressure cleaning or ordinary jet of water
depending on how dirty the chair is. Do not aim the jet
towards ball bearings (front & rear wheels, fork axles) and
drainage holes. Make sure you dry the wheelchair if it is wet
(e.g. after washing it or going out in the rain).
Disinfection: Spray or wipe disinfection using a tested and
recognised product is permitted.
Please pay attention to the manufacturer's instructions of the
medical product disinfectant you are using.
4. Transportation
Transport of wheelchairs in vehicles
The Invacare Action3 Junior has been tested for safety in
collisions according to ISO-7176-19, Invacare Action3 Junior
can be used for transport in vehicles that have been specially
adapted for this purpose. The wheelchair must be securely
fastened in the vehicle according to the methods described on
the following pages.
Remember that the best solution is always to move the
user from the wheelchair into a normal car seat and to
stow the wheelchair safely and securely in a separate
The safety restraint devices used in this test must be approved
according to ISO-10542-1. Restraint system manufacturer may
improve its products, please contact them for more details.
4.1. Observations before transport of wheelchairs in
• We recommend that wheelchair users should transfer to the
seat of the vehicle and use the installed restraint system of the
vehicle whenever feasible.
• The wheelchairs are tested in a basic configuration. The use
in other configurations has not been tested. Please contact
your dealer for further information.
• Auxiliary wheelchair equipment is either secured to the
wheelchair or removed from the wheelchair and secured in
the vehicle during transit. (i.e. table trays).
• Alterations or substitutions are not to be made to points of
the wheelchair or to structural and frame parts without the
written consent of Invacare®.
• A wheelchair-anchored posture belt with metal buckle must
be fitted across the wheelchair occupant in addition to the lap
and diagonal occupant restraint (3-point belt).
• Belt restraints are not to be held away from the body by
wheelchair components or parts such as armrests, postural
restraints, wheels, etc. (Picture 22)
• The wheelchair must be securely fastened in the vehicle with
an ISO 10542-1 approved 4-point belt system, according to
the methods described in the manual.
• The occupied wheelchair must be tied down in an forwardfacing position, with the parking brake applied.
• The wheelchair backrest should be positioned as close as
possible to 90 degrees.
Please observe that even if these products and
recommendations are provided in order to increase safety,
injury to vehicle occupants still might occur in the event of a
collision or other accidents and no guarantee is given in this
Correct and incorrect placements of 3-point belt
(picture 22).
4.2. Restraint systems (picture 23A, detail A)
* Non contractual picture, only for information !
Please refer to best practice recommended instructions from
the safety belt manufacturer.
A. Front restraints with straps (picture 23A & detail A)
1. Connect the front straps around the front part of the
frame. (See location of the attachment labels).
2. Release brakes and apply tension front straps by pulling the
wheelchair backwards from the rear.
3. Re-apply wheelchair brakes.
B. Rear restraints (pictures 23B for self propulsion & 23C
for Transit version)
1. Attach the snap hooks on the rear straps to the rear
orange ring (A) just below the backrest tube bracket.
2. If the chair is not equipped with orange rings, attach the
snape hooks on the rear straps to the frame just above the
rear wheel attachments.
3. Tighten the straps.
C. Posture belt
1. The posture posture belt is mounted on the back frame
(picture 24 & detail C).
2. Check that the posture belt on the wheelchair is correctly
If posture belt on the wheelchair is missing we recommend
that the user should transfer to the seat of the vehicle, if
possible. The posture belt should be used in addition to but
never as a substitute for an approved passenger restraint
system (3-point belt).
D. Fastening of 3-point belt (vehicle safety belt device).
Although all three points may be anchored to the vehicle
floor, the diagonal belt passing over the users shoulder should
be routed through a point above and behind the seated user
which is fixed to the vehicle sides, before passing down to
the floor. The 3-point belt should not be kept from the user's
body by the parts of the wheelchair.
5. Summary of warranty terms
5.1. Standard Invacare terms and conditions
This is to certify that your manual wheelchair is warranted by
Invacare for a period of 2 years for the frame and crossbars,
all others parts 2 years also but subject to the following
conditions :
- If a defect or fault is discovered the supplier / dealer from
whom the appliance was purchased should be notified
- The manufacturer will not accept responsibility for damage
caused by misuse or non-observance of the instructions set
out in the user manual.
- During the period of warranty, any parts that have become
defective due to faulty workmanship or materials, will be
renewed or repaired without charge by the Invacare dealer/
- The warranty will be forfeited should any unauthorised
alteration be made to the equipment.
- The Purchaser’s statutory rights under the Consumer
Protection Act are not affected.
5.2. Limitation of liability
This warranty does not extend to the consequential costs
resulting from fault clearance, in particular freight and travel
costs, loss of earnings, expenses, etc.
Invacare shall not be liable for :
- Natural wear and tear.
- Inappropriate or incorrect use.
- Defective assembly or setting-up by the purchaser or third
- Defective or neglectful treatment. Use of unsuitable spares.
6. Operating instructions for
optimal safety
- Maximum user’s recommended weight : 80 kg.
- Do not attempt to reach objects if you have to move
forward in the seat.
- Do not attempt to pick up objects from the floor by
reaching down between your knees.
- Do not lean over the top of the upholstery back to reach
objects located behind you : this may cause you to tip over
- Always engage both manual brakes simultaneously.
- Manual brakes are parking brakes : they must not be used in
any way to slow down the wheelchair or as support during
- Do not tilt the wheelchair (down kerbs or steps) without
using an assistant. Press down on the lower tube of the frame
as well as pulling on the push handles
- Do not carry the wheelchair up or down stairway or
escalators with the user seated in the wheelchair, with only
one attendant. This may cause serious injury.
- Do not use the wheelchair unless it has the proper tyre
pressure (front = 250 kPa, rear = 350 kPa).
- Do not overinflate the tyres : this may cause the tyres to
explode and cause bodily harm.
- Do not expose the wheelchair to a temperature higher
than 40°C.
- To avoid injury, keep your fingers away from mobile parts
(armrests, folding system, legrests/footrests), and maintain
good posture before lifting the wheelchair.
Avoid operating on wet areas as well as gravel, grass, etc.
(sand and sea water particularly damage ball bearings). When
using the wheelchair inside, we recommend using solid tyre
tyre castors, especially when riding on carpet.
We recommend that you become acquainted with the
following terms in order to better understand your
wheelchair operation :
1.1. Introduction
Your wheelchair has been factory set before you purchased
it. However, it must be specifically adapted to your needs.
The following detailed paragraphs describe the various
functions and possible adjustments as well as available
options. You can make some adjustments yourself, while
others can be made only by your dealer.
Important: based upon the selected model or options,
your new Invacare Action3 Junior wheelchair may be not
equipped with all of the components or options which are
described in the following pages.
NB: Some models or options are not be available in your
The seat consists of the seat and backrest upholstery,
the backrest and armrests. This unit is designed to provide
optimal comfort.
The swing-away footrest support or legrest : this
is the supporting part between the frame and the footrest
which swivels to facilitate transfers and can be removed
during transport.
The footrest consists of an adjustable tube and the
footplate which supports the foot.
The folding frame consists of side frames and a folding
system including the seat rails. These parts constitute the
frame, which is the supporting component of the wheelchair
and its strength is well tested (checked at 80 kg).
The steering tube is the connection between frame and
castors ; it allows the adjustment of the seat angle.
This is a warning symbol, it is essential that the
instructions in these paragraphs are followed in order to
prevent personal injury to yourself and others around you.
This is an information symbol about possibility to contact
your Dealer for more information.
1.2. General description (see photo)
Your wheelchair is made of various parts and this manual
describes only the main parts.
The rear wheel consists of the wheel, axle and handrim.
The position of the rear wheels relative to the seated user
determines the rearward stability and also the ease by wich
the user can propel the wheelchair using the handrims. They
are mounted on the multiple adjustment wheel support
Changing the rear wheel position will have a significant
impact on the stability of the user.
The castor consists of the front wheel and the fork. The
castors provide front contact with the ground and determine
the steering by the direction of the forks.
The manual brake is a parking brake. The two manual
brakes are used to secure the wheelchair when stationary.
2. Adjustments
2.1. Seat
2.1.1 Seat upholstery
- Standard seats
• Nylon upholstery seat with or without Velcro fastener
(photo 1) ; please make sure that the cushion is properly
positioned on the seat.
Backrest upholstery
• Depth adjustable seat: fold the seat sightly. Lift up the front
part. Pull into required depth.
• Padded seat : it provides comfortable support to the user.
Rear wheel
Rear wheel
Swing away
Rear wheel axle
footrest tube
Standard seats are not adjustable; in the event that they
become slack, it is recommended that you ask your dealer to
replace them.
Always use an Invacare or Matrx cushion with anti-slip
base cover in order to prevent sliding.
Adding a cushion to the seat will raise your height above
the ground and can affect your stability in all directions. If a
cushion is changed it may also change the users stability.
Invacare provides a wide range of
seat cushions adapted to your needs.
Please contact your dealer.
Swing away
Steering tube
Front wheel
Make sure that the seat is properly positioned on the 2
seat rails to provide safety and comfort for the user.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent
injuries during folding and unfolding !
Make sure push handles are locked fast before use.
2.1.2 Type of backrests
Don’t raise push handles to maximum height when
tilting the chair. For best practices, please refer to
paragraph 1.4.1. Tilting, Kerbs, for the safety instructions.
- Fixed backrests :
- Folding backrest (photo 4)
• Fixed backrest of 0° and 7° (photo 2) : these two backrests
do not require adjustments, they can be equipped with
padded backrest or contour (tension) adjustable backrest
(optional, see paragraph 2.1.3).
The 7° version can be optionally equipped with height
adjustable push handles which provide better comfort to the
attendant (photo 3); loosen the knob (A), moves the push
handle to the required position and retighten the knob (A)
firmly. When raised to the maximum height a spring loaded
pin will locate in a hole hidden beneath the upholstery just
below the knob (A). To lower the push handle from the
maximum height first loosen knob (A), then press on the pin
through the upholstery and lower the push handle.
• To save space when transporting folded and unoccupied,
operate lever (A) by pulling it and fold the top of the
backrest. To return to the initial position, bring the top in the
vertical position; it locks automatically.
Always make sure that the backrest is properly locked
in place before the user settles down in the wheelchair to
prevent any injuries !
- Reclining backrest 0° - 30°
The intended use of reclining backrest is to get a relaxing,
comfort position for the user. It is not indented to be used
in a dynamic situation and it should be used on horizontal
surface when the backrest is reclined (especially when
the backrest angle is more than 10°). Anti-tippers are
recommended for those who need to feel safer or have a
specific usage.
Simultaneously pull the levers (A) to provides the same angle
on both sides, release the levers when you reach the desired
angle.(Photo 5)
Mechanical version
There are 4 angles position by step of 10°.
Note : Push on the backrest canes before operating the levers,
this is to release the auto-locked security system. (Photo 5A).
Gas strut version 0° to 30° continuously (photo 6).
The gas struts provide a help to the attendant to raise the
user, always operated with the user seated in the wheelchair.
It is recommended that this operation be performed
only by the attendant. Always make sure that the backrest is
locked in place to ensure perfect safety for the user.
Keep away fingers from moving parts (levers, cylinders,
mechanisms, etc.) to prevent injuries !
The backbrace (B) (photos 6 & 6A) links the two push
handles and must always be in position on recliner versions
(see paragraph 2.6.1). Avoid operating levers (A) (photo 6)
during a sideways transfer, for example, in order to prevent
destabilising the user’s position !
If you consider there is an excessive free play in the
recliner mechanism after a simple visual examination of the
ratchet, please contact your Dealer.
To ensure safety for the user, when backrest is reclined, we
recommend to use anti-tippers (available as an option).
Maintenance of reclining backrest mechanism varies with
use. Please contact your Dealer. Based upon the development
of your disability, you can choose an Action Junior backrest
that meets your needs. Please consult with your Dealer.
Always make these adjustments before the user settles
down in the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
Invacare strongly recommend the use of anti-tippers
(available as an option) in combinaison with the passive rear
wheel position when you use your backrest with an angle of
12° and more.
The hanging of additional load (back pack or similar
items) onto your chair backposts can affect the rearward
stability of your chair, especially when used in combination
with recliner backrests. This can cause the chair to tip
backwards causing injury.
Therefore, Invacare strongly recommend the use of antitippers (available as an option) when using your backposts
with additional load (back pack or similar items).
2.1.3 Backrest upholstery
- Standard upholstery backrests
• The padded backrest provides excellent daily comfort for
the user who does not need specific support for the upper
In the event that the upholstered backrest slackens, ask for
a replacement from your Dealer.
• Contour (tension) adjustable backrest (photo 7); Contour
allows adjustment of the backrest curvature based upon
user’s body posture, to provide the best comfort as possible.
Before making adjustments please ensure that the
wheelchair is fully opened, the seat rails are properly located
and a back brace (if required) (C) is fitted on the chair (see
instructions paragraph 2.6.1).
Lift the flap (A) and pull the straps (B) in order to stretch or
slacken them. Ensure the strap are not over tightened - The
measurement between the backposts at the top should be
the same as that at the bottom. Each strap can be adjusted
separately. Reposition the flap (A).
Check the quality and positioning of the Velcro
fasteners. Always make this adjustment before the user
settles down in the wheelchair to prevent injuries !
Before making adjustments please ensure that the wheelchair
is fully opened. These adjustments is to curved the backrest
upholstery don’t make it flat, it will be uncomfortable for the
2.1.4 80° & 90° Hangers and Legrest
- 80° Removable and swing away hanger (photo 8) : Standard
footrest supports are swung away for easier transfers and
can be removed during transport.
Push lever (A) sideways and swivel towards outside or inside
in case there is not enough space. (To return to the initial
position, align the footrest support, it locks automatically).
To remove the footrest support, simply pull it up after
unlocking the assembly.
Reverse the procedure to reassemble, while still in the
unlocked position.
- 90° Removable and swing away (photo 8) : To remove the
90° hanger, just pull it up and remove it completely from the
wheelchair. To swing it away, slightly pull up (about 2 cm) and
swivel towards outside or inside.
- Height adjustable (photo 9) : Remove the hexagonal screw
(B) and adjust the footplate to the desired height, based
upon preset holes. Align the two holes and reposition the
hexagonal screw, then tighten the assembly without forcing.
- For 80° hanger only, indexation to 0°or 30° (photo 10) :
Remove the hexagonal screw (C) and position the indexed
plate (D) to 0° or 30° on the vertical upright (preset hole).
Align the two holes and reposition the hexagonal screw,
tighten the assembly firmly.
Note : the standard footrest supports and legrests are
mounted in pairs on the wheelchair; whenever you remove
them, remember that you have a right side and a left side !
Never lift the wheelchair by the footrest supports or
legrests ! Keep your fingers away from movable parts during
folding, disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries !
- Removable and swing away : To remove the leg rest, simply
lift the mechanism up vertically and remove it completely
from the wheelchair. To swing it away, slightly pull up (about
2 cm) and swivel towards outside or inside.
- Adjustable (photo 11) : Angle is adjustable through tooth
plate : loosen the knob (A), adjust to the desired angle based
upon notches and tighten firmly.
The calf pad is height adjustable by sliding : loosen the knob
(B), adjust to the desired height, tighten firmly.
The footplate is height adjustable : loosen the knob (C), adjust
to the desired height based upon the preset holes and tighten
The footplate is angle adjustable by tooth plate : loosen the
screw (D), adjust to the desired angle based upon notches and
tighten firmly.
Footboard (photo 11A) : it can be lifted during transfers, its
height and angle adjustable. Loosen the screw (A) to adjust to
the desired height (preset holes) on both side, adjust to the
desired angle and tighten securely on both side.
2.1.5 Armrests
- Removable :
• Simple n°1 (photos 12 & 13) : to remove armrests, simply pull
them up. Previously, press on the push pin (B) located at the
bottom of the armrest vertical upright. Reverse the procedure
to reinstall them.
To adjust to the desired height, loosen the screw (A), adjust
to the desired height and tighten the screw (A), without
The armrests with central fixation (n°1) are equipped with a
support adjustable (in 2 parts) which enables you to reduce
the plays and to facilitate the vertical tube extraction, it is
necessary to tighten or loosen the 4 screws (C) according to
the anticipated result (photo 13A).
Note : the armrests are mounted in pairs on the wheelchair ;
whenever you remove them, remember that you have a right
and a left side !
Never lift the wheelchair by the armrests!
Keep your fingers away from movable parts during folding,
disassembling or adjustment to prevent injuries!
2.2. Frame
2.2. Chassis
2.2.1 Folding system with seat width adjustment.
The seat width of the chassis can be adjusted thanks to a
telescopic crossbar for four fixed-seat positions.
(Child: 20.5 to 28 cm; Young: 30.5 to 38 cm).
All these adjustments and changes of seat width must
be performed by a professional technician upon agreement by
your prescribing physician. Please consult with your dealer.
The above information is given to the user for information
To fold and unfold your wheelchair, see chapter A “ General ”
paragraph 2.1.
2.2.2 Side frame
The sides or side frames are designed to accommodate the
steering tubes for the castors and multiple adjustment wheel
mounting for rear wheels.
- These wheel mountings allow three height positions and
three longitudinal positions (Active = advanced for better
handling; Standard = serial delivery with fixed or folding
backrest; Passive = backward for better stability, serial with
reclining backrest and Transit (12”) version, see schema 1.
- Dual amputee position (option or accessory): to prevent
back tip with Amputee user’s, the rear wheel axles can be
positioned backwards from the backrest cane axle (specific
manual brakes are included in the kit) for a better stability,
see schema 2.
The above information is given to the user for
information only. Any wheels position and/or angle fork
adjustments to the set up of your wheelchair should only
be performed at the direction of a competent person who
has fully risk assessed the implication of any changes to the
wheelchair configuration. Please consult your dealer.
2.2.3 Steering tubes
They provide seat dump (1.5°, 5° or 8.5°) based upon user’s
capacity, propulsion, desired floor-to-seat height and selected
front and rear wheels.
All these adjustments and changes of position must be
performed by a professional technician upon agreement by
your prescribing physician.
Please consult with your dealer.
2.2.4. Stabiliser kit (photo 14)
To prevent the active child from tipping forward when
propelling, climbing up or down the footplates and to improve
general stability, Stabiliser kit is available as an option.
2.3. Rear wheels
2.3.1 22" & 20" wheels
The 22" (550 mm) and the 20" (500 mm) wheels are only
spoked wheels. They can be delivered with pneumatic or solid
tyre.These spoked wheels can optionally accommodate spoke
guards to prevent injuring the fingers during propulsion.
A flat tyre (photo 15) must be removed in order to be
repaired. Remove the rim assembly (tyre and inner tube),
repair or replace the inner tube, reinsert in the tyre and
reposition the assembly on the rim. Comply with the inflation
pressure specified on the sidewall of the tyre.
Note : remember that in order to maintain the
interchangeability of the chair wheels equipped with quickrelease axles, the pressure in the two tyres should be the
Check and adjust the brakes to ensure they are still
correctly positioned and function as required.
Never exceed the pressure specified on the sidewalls
of the tyre, otherwise, the tyre may explode and cause
injuries !
Pneumatic tyres wear out. In addition, the roughness
of the ground surface and driving have an impact on their
longevity. Replace them regularly to avoid punctures caused
by puncture. Please consult with your Dealer.
2.3.2 Handrims
They provide the wheelchair propulsion. They can be
made of anodized aluminium or coated with nonslip plastic
Handrims are constantly in contact with your hands.
Make sure that they are not damaged !
Make sure that the axle and the locking balls are clean.
(wipe out every month with a rag soaked with fine oil)
2.3.3 Axles
To prevent falls, it is essential that the button (A) and the
locking balls (C) are disengaged providing a perfect lock of
the rear wheels.
The axles connect the wheels and frame. Fixed and quickrelease axles are available
- Fixed axles: regularly check the axle tightening.
- Quick-release axles (photo 16) : depress the button (A) and
insert the axle in the wheel hub. Position the assembly in the
bearing (B) of the multiple adjustable wheel mounting until
it locks in place. The locking balls (C) must rise above the
bearing. No significant side clearance is allowed.
To reduce clearance as much as possible (photo 17), remove
the axle and adjust the nut using a 24 mm key ; then block the
axle with an 11mm open-end key.
The quick release axle is a precision part, take care of
shocks and clean regularly to ensure the good working of
the mechanism.
2.4. Castors
2.4.1 5" solid wheels
The front wheels are available in 5" (125 mm) diameter and
in two widths, 1" (25 mm) and 1 3/4" (45 mm).
Note : refer to paragraph 2.3.1. for regular maintenance.
2.4.2 Forks
Different fork positions are available based upon the
selection of floor-to-seat height, castors and rear wheels.
Please take advice from your dealer, if you want to
replace a fork or the castors or rear wheels.
2.5. Brakes
2.5.2 Hub brakes, attendant control
2.5.1 Manual brakes
Besides the functions provided by manual brakes, the hub
brakes (photos 20 & 21) provide the slow down (for example,
on a slope) and improved safety because they are still efficient
when you have a flat tyre !
The manual brakes (photo 18) are designed to secure the
wheelchair during long stops. They are not intended to slow
down the wheelchair or to be used as support during a
transfer. They must be operated simultaneously.
In order to brake, push the handle (A) forward. The handle
folds back to facilitate transfers. Draw as a preliminary
the handle upwards ! Once the brakes are engaged, the
wheelchair should not move at all.
Note : brake adjustments are based upon the diameter
and type of the wheels. After repairing a flat tyre or in the
event of wear of the pneumatic or solid tyre, you may need
to adjust the brake(s). To adjust the brake(s), loosen the
two screws (B) and slide the brake assembly to obtain the
following value between the wheel and the brake shoe in
unlocked position (photo 19).
Solid tyre X = 4 mm, Pneumatic tyre X = 4 mm
Firmly tighten the screws (B) after adjustment.
Keep your fingers away from movable parts to prevent injuries !
To adjust braking : turn the screw (C) counterclockwise to
increase braking force and turn clockwise to reduce it.
The specific adjustments of hub brakes must always be
performed by your Dealer.
Always operate the two brakes simultaneously and do
not take slopes exceeding 5° to ensure perfect control of the
wheelchair steering !
Always use the manual brakes to secure the wheelchair during
short or long stops.
To slow down, gradually pull the lever (A) upwards.
In addition to the manual brakes, you can lock the brake in
parking position, with the lever (A) tightened, push the lock (B)
to engage it in the notches of the brake handle, then pull the
lock up to unlock.
- Back brace (photo 23) : it provides tension to the backrest
upholstery and provides the attendant better ergonomics
when pushing the wheelchair.
2.6. Options
2.6.1 Seating options
- Headrest (photo 22)
To swing away for transfer, slightly unscrew lever (A) and
move the headrest backwards. Reverse the operation to
Adjust the angle and height of the whole headrest by loosening lever (A) and screws (B).
Then set to the desired position and retighten firmly.
Adjust the angle of the ”wings” (C) of the headrest by unzipping the headrest attachment zip and by loosening the screw
(D). Set the required angle and shut the zip.
The headrest should not be adjusted whilst the user is
applying any load against it, please check the backrests are
tightly secured to avoid any injury.
Do not adjust the head rest when the user leans
on it and check the mounting to the backrest in order to
prevent injuries.
Note : it swings away to facilitate the wheelchair folding;
slightly loosen the button (A), pull up and swivel along the
backrest until it is in vertical position.
To reposition it, reverse the procedure and firmly tighten the
button (A) making sure that the button is properly tighten (B).
It is important to ensure that the backbrace
(if required) is correctly fitted and engaged at all times when
the chair is in use, or it should be removed totally if not
required. It should not be left hanging loose. (see label on the
backbrace) (fig. 23A). Do not attempt to lift the wheelchair
using the backbrace ; it may come loose and the wheelchair
and user drop. Keep your fingers away from movable parts to
prevent injuries.
2.6.2 Propulsion options
- Transit version (photos 24 & 25) : the wheelchair is designed
to be driven only by the attendant. To facilitate sideways
transfers and save space, the wheelchair is equipped with rear
wheels of 12" (305 mm) with pneumatic or solid tyres.
Note : Transit version equipped with a reclining backrest is
always fitted with anti-tippers.
The manual brakes (optional hub brake) are only accessible to
the attendant; operate the handle (A) to lock the wheelchair in
parking position.
Note : for further information about the use of the two types
of brakes, see paragraphs 2.5.1 & 2.5.2.
2.6.3 Safety equipment and options
- Safety standard equipment :
If the belt has come loose at the metallic clasp it should be
adjusted, thread the loop (F) through the plastic buckle (G).
Please make sure that the belt cannot slide.
Position the posture belt so that the hip bones can be felt
above the belt. As a guide, adjust the length so that there
is just sufficient room for your hand to slide between your
body and the belt. For ease of use it is recommended that
the clasp is kept in a central position where possible i.e. make
adjustments to each side of metal buckle belt with double
adjuster. Please check your posture belt every week, to
ensure that it is in good condition; no damage, fraying etc. and
that it is securely fixed to the wheelchair.
Posture belt (photo 26) : to close the buckle belt, engage part
(A) into part (B), to open press (C).
The posture belt is mounted on the backrest brackets.
Straps should be adjusted on both sides to suit user body,
thread the loop (D) through the mounting on the chair and
then through the two plastic buckles (E). It is important that
both buckles (E) are used. There is a danger the belt might
slip if the belt is threaded through only one.
In case the posture belt has to be replaced, the new
belt fixation should be conform to the scheme enclosed with
each belt delivery; the belt should be mounted and adjusted
by your regular dealer.
Make sure that the belts do not get caught in the spokes of
the rear wheel.
- Safety optional equipment :
Anti-tippers (photo 27) : prevent back tipping which ensures
safety when using a reclining backrest, driving on slopes or
crossing obstacles. These are removable : push down the
button (A) and pull back. Reverse the procedure to reinstall.
Make sure that the dog point (B) protrudes over the frame
Push down the button (C in photo 28 & A in figure 29) and
adjust the wheels holding tube for the desired distance based
upon the preset holes.
Anti-tippers with tipping lever (photo 28) : prevent back
tipping which ensures safety when using a reclining backrest,
driving on slopes or crossing obstacles.
Anti-tippers can remain in place when the wheelchair is not
used; perform a half-turn by activating the button (A in figure
29 & B in photo 27) and rotating.
The recommended distance between anti-tippers small
wheels and floor is 3 to 5 centimetres ; this adjustment is
required with reference to the position and diameter of the
rear wheel.
Not to be used as an alternative to a 3-point occupant
restraint in a vehicle. A metal buckle posture belt must be
used in conjunction with the 3-point occupant restraint.
It is height adjustable and also act as tipping lever (see
paragraph Tipping lever)
Make sure that the dog points locates in and protrudes
through its appropriate location hole in the frame tube in
order to prevent any falls.
Tipping lever (photo 30) : it allows the attendant to easily tip
the wheelchair when crossing an obstacle (pavement, step,
etc.) ; push down the lever with your foot (right or left) and
maintain balance using the push handles.
3 cm mini
The tipping lever is mounted the same as the anti-tippers, in
the same tube.
Note : Make sure that the anti-tipper wheel is ALWAYS
located out side the rear wheel volume. All these adjustments
and changes of position must be performed by a professional
technician because these can affect the stability and the safety
of the user ! Please consult your dealer.
3. Specifications and tool
3.1. Standard wheelchair specifications
Maximum user weight :
80 kg
Seat width :
20.5 / 23 / 25.5 /28 / 30.5 / 33
35.5 / 38 cm
Seat depth :
- Transparent tray (photo 31) : it is positioned on the armpads
of the armrests. Slide the tray forward or backward based
upon the user’s build.
20 to 25 / 25 to 30
27.5 to 32.5 / 30 to 35
32.5 to 37 cm
Floor/seat height :
46 / 43,5 / 41 cm
Do not place very heavy and unstable objects, containers
with very hot and corrosive liquids on the tray, which may
cause serious injury if they fall.
Rear wheel :
22" (550 mm) pneumatic tyre
Castors :
5" (125 mm) solid tyre
Parking brake :
Manual brake
with indexed brake shoe
Backrest :
Fixed, folding, reclining
Armrests :
Footrest supports & Legrests :
Removable and swing-away
Seat upholstery :
Black nylon on reinforced
Frame :
Aluminium, epoxy coated
Wheelchair average weight :
14.5 kg
2.6.4. Other option
3.2.Tools for adjustments and regular maintenance
(not supplied)
Footrest tube
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
5 mm Allen key
4 mm Allen key
10 mm open-end wrench
T20 Torx key
5 mm Allen key (X2)
24 mm open-end wrench (X2)
19 mm open-end wrench
11 mm open-end wrench
Rear wheel fixed axle
Quick-release axle
After sale and disposal recommendations
• It is compulsary to use original Invacare spare parts which
you can buy through any Invacare dealer.
• For repair, please contact your local Invacare dealer.
• Disposal : the metal parts can be disposed of for scrap metal
through recycling. Plastic parts are disposed of as plastic scrap.
Disposal must be carried out in accordance with the respective
national regulation. Please apply to your municipal authorities/
local government for details about local disposal companies.
3.3. Dimensions and labelling
front wheel and
rear wheel
( 0° )
( 0° )
footrest and
seat (mm)
Seat effective
width (mm)
width (mm)
Width of
Height from
ground to
back seat
Height from
ground to
front seat
height when
backrest is
folded (mm)
armrest and
��������������� Stabiliser
A = Manufacturer's address
B = Date of manufacture
C = Serial number
Manufacturer : Invacare France Operations SAS - Route de Saint Roch - 37230 Fondettes - France
Invacare Australia Pty Ltd.
1 lenton Place, North Rockes NSW 2151 Australia ( (61) 2 8839 5333 Fax (61) 2 8839 5353
Invacare n.v.
Autobaan 22 8210 Loppem (Brugge) Belgium & Luxemburg ( +32 (50) 831010 Fax +32 (50) 831011
Invacare A/S
Sdr. Ringvej 37 2605 Brøndby Danmark ((kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0000 Fax (kundeservice) +45 - (0) 3690 0001
Invacare GmbH
Alemannenstraße 10, D-88316 Isny Deutschland ( +49 (0) 75 62 7 00 0 Fax +49 (0) 75 62 7 00 66
Invacare European Distributor Organisation
Kleiststraße 49, D-32457 Porta Westfalica Deutschland ( +49 (0) 31 754 540 Fax +49 (0) 57 31 754 541
Invacare SA
c/Areny s/n Poligon Industrial de Celrà 17460 Celrà (Girona) España ( +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 00 Fax +34 - (0) 972 - 49 32 20
Invacare Poirier SAS
Route de St Roch F-37230 Fondettes France ( +33 - (0) 2 47 62 64 66 Fax +33 - (0) 2 47 42 12 24
Invacare Mecc San s.r.l.
Via dei Pini, 62 I-36016 Thiene (VI) Italia ( +39 - (0) 445-380059 Fax +39 - (0) 445-380034
Invacare Ireland Ltd
Unit 5 Seatown Business Campus, Seatown Rd, Swords, County Dublin Ireland ( (353) 1 8107084 Fax (353) 1 8107085
Invacare NZ
4 Westfield Place Mt.Wellington Auckland New Zealand ((kundeservice) +64 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +64 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare AS
Grensesvingen 9 0603 Oslo Norge ((kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 10 Fax (kundeservice) +47 - 22 57 95 01
Invacare PORTUGAL Lda
Rua Estrada Velha, 949 4465-784 Leça do Balio Portugal
( +351-225105946 Fax +351-225105739
Invacare AB
Fagerstagatan 9 163 91 Spånga Sverige ((kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 70 90 Fax (kundtjänst) +46 - (0) 8 761 81 08
Invacare B.V.
Celsiusstraat 46 NL-6716 BZ Ede Nederland ( +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 57 Fax +31 - (0) 318 - 69 57 58
Invacare Ltd
Pencoed Technology Park, Pencoed, Bridgend CF35 5AQ United Kingdom
( Customer service +44 - (0) 1656 - 776222 Fax +44 - (0) 1656 - 776220
Invacare France Operations SAS
Route de Saint Roch
37230 Fondettes
1532967-EN E 2015/02/20
Making Life's Experiences Possible
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