523 - Krohn-Hite Corporation
Model 523
DC Voltage/Current Source/Calibrator
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DC Voltage and Current
Stability: ±1ppm
Resolution: 7½ Digits
Maximum Output Current: 110mA
GENERAL DESCRIPTION
The NEW Krohn-Hite Model 523 Precision DC Source is a
highly stable and repeatable dc voltage source and dc current
source providing N.I.S.T. traceable voltages and currents for
use in production, calibration labs, QA and QC departments,
design labs, or any place where an accurate voltage and
current source is needed.
Using Krohn-Hite’s state-of-the-art reference, the 523
provides accurate and stable voltages from ±10nVdc to
±110.99999Vdc to within ±4ppm for 90 days (±8ppm for 1
year), and precise currents from ±10nA to ±110.99999mA to
within ±8ppm for 90 days (±16ppm for 1 year). It is an
extremely quiet source with <7µVrms of noise measured over
a 10Hz to 100kHz bandwidth (<2µVrms 0.1Hz to 10Hz).
The 523 features a user friendly 7½ digit display and a
membrane keyboard entry of all settings. Output settings can
be modified using a plus/minus delta function, multiply/divide
function and cursor control keys that allow placing a curse on
any digit to increment or decrement its value. Output 2-wire,
4-wire and chassis grounding are accomplished with one
keystroke or over the GPIB interface bus. A crowbar function
places the output in a safe mode when desired. The 523 output
can be set to 0 volts, allowing the output sense to maintain a
true 4-wire low impedance zero output. It is also quickly
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2 and 4-Wire Output
Optional Output Voltage Limits: 17V to 100V
Auto Zero Offset Calibration (AZOC)
Automated “Covers On Calibration
forced to zero before a range change to prevent any "surprise
voltages" from appearing.
An AUTO ZERO OFFSET CALIBRATION (AZOC) returns
any thermally generated offsets to within specified limits and
is accessible via the front panel or over the GPIB interface
bus. The unit is designed for a "Covers On Calibration” using
the KH523CAL Test and Calibration Software Program. With
the KH523CAL program and either an HP3458 or Fluke
8508A Digital Voltmeter, unattended calibrations can be made
in approximately 15 minutes.
The 523 provides for the storage of up to 31 output settings
that can be recalled at any time. Internal operating
temperature, serial number, last calibration date and firmware
version can all be called to the display for quick access when
needed. Error messages are displayed when incorrect or outof-range entries are made.
OPTIONS
The 523 offers a voltage limit (VLIMIT) that limits the output
voltage from exceeding a value defined by the customer
within the range from 17Vdc to 100Vdc.
Also offered is a 100 ohm precision resistor (PCR100) that is a
precise, thermally stable 100 ohm resistor used during the
calibration of current on Model 523.
15 Jonathan Drive, Unit 4, Brockton, MA 02301-5566 U.S.A. (Printed 12/12, 523Data.docx, V3.0)
Tel: 508-580-1660; Fax: 508-583-8989; email: sales@krohn-hite.com; web: www.krohn-hite.com
DC Voltage/Current Source/Calibrator
APPLICATIONS
Krohn-Hite's NEW Model 523 is well suited for many
applications where an extremely accurate and stable dc
voltage or dc current is needed. At a cost much less than most
sources in its class, the 523 can be a valuable asset to any
company's production line, calibration lab, QA and QC
department and design.
SPECIFICATIONS
(Specifications apply at an internal temperature of 40ºC ±1ºC, <70% relative humidity.)
Absolute Uncertainty±1ºC
from calibration temperature
( see Note 2 )
Relative Uncertainty
±1ºC ( see Note 1 )
90 Days
Range
1Yr
24 Hours
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Res.
Stability
±1ºC *
90 Days
±(ppm output + µV or nA)
1Yr
24 Hours
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DC Voltage
111.11119mV
1.1111119V
11.111119V
110.99999V
10nV
100nV
1µV
10µV
4+2
4+3
4 + 20
6 + 200
8+2
8+3
8 + 20
10 + 200
3+2
3+2
3 + 10
5 + 100
6+2
6+3
6 + 20
8 + 200
10 + 2
10 + 3
10 + 20
12 + 200
1+1
1+1
1 + 10
1 + 100
DC Current (Note 3)
11.111119mA
1nA
8 + 40
16 + 40
4 + 20
10 + 40
18 + 40
110.99999mA **
10nA
8 + 200
16 + 200
+44 to -4, ±400
+50 to -10, ±400
+58 to -18, ±400
* Non-Additive
** For values between 12mA and 110mA use graph provided with PCR100 Precision Current Resistor.
2 + 20
2 + 100
Note 1: The RELATIVE ACCURACY specifications are to the HP3458A Digital Voltmeter used for calibration.
Note 2: The absolute accuracies and traceability to N.I.S.T. include the traceability accuracies of the calibration standard and
the maintained RELATIVE accuracies of the HP3458A added to the 523 RELATIVE specifications.
Note 3: Current calibration uses an external precision 100-ohm resistor (Krohn-Hite Model PCR100) and measures the
voltage using a 4-wire Kelvin connection to the resistor.
Temperature Coefficient
Range
18ºC - 28ºC
ºC 0ºC - 40ºC
Linearity
±1ºC
Noise
0.1Hz - 10Hz
10Hz - 100kHz
p-p
rms
±(ppm output + µV or nA)/ºC
DC Voltage
111.11119mV
1 + 0.2
2 + 0.2
1.1111119V
1 + 0.5
2 + 0.5
11.111119V
1+1
2+1
110.99999V
2 + 10
4 + 10
DC Current (Note 3)
11.111119mA
2+5
4+5
110.99999mA
2 + 10
4 + 10
Temperature coefficient is best straight line fit method.
Equivalent
Output Z0
(ohms
1+1
1+1
1 + 10
1 + 100
2µV
2µV
4µV
40µV
7µV
7µV
15µV
100µV
0.1µ
1µ
10µ
100µ
1 + 20
1 + 100
20nA
200nA
150nA
300nA
10G
1G
15 Jonathan Drive, Unit 4, Brockton, MA 02301-5566 U.S.A. (Printed 12/12, 523Data.docx, V3.0)
Tel: 508-580-1660; Fax: 508-583-8989; email: sales@krohn-hite.com; web: www.krohn-hite.com
DC Voltage/Current Source/Calibrator
OUTPUT
The following specifications are with a constant internal
operating temperature equal to 40ºC ±1ºC. The HP3458A
NPLC is set for 100 and AUTO CAL cycle (ACAL) run. The
Model 523’s calibration is normally done at a room
temperature of 23ºC ±1ºC. The internal Cal Temp is saved at
the time of calibration and can be displayed with the present
internal temperature using the [TEMP] key.
is designed for a “Covers On” calibration using the
KH523CAL Test and Calibration Software Program (license
required). The KH523CAL software, together with an
HP3458A or Fluke 8508A Digital Voltmeter, allows virtually
unattended calibration to be performed in approximately 15
minutes. The calibration date and internal temperature is
stored in memory and can be called to the display or over the
GPIB interface bus.
The 90 day and 1 year specifications are within 24 hours of a
zero CQL (AZOC) cycle, and a constant internal operating
temperature equal to 40ºC ±1ºC. The zero CAL (AZOC) cycle
takes out the effect of internal DC offset drift.
Calibration
Temperature
Limits
(“Covers-On
Calibration”): Internal temperature (T Cal), 40ºC ±1ºC;
Ambient temperature (T Amb), 0ºC to 30ºC.
Settling Time: <10ms.
Line Regulation: <±0.1ppm change for a 10% change from
normal line voltage, typically no measurable change.
Load Regulation 4-Wire operation: <±0.1ppm change from
no load to 100mA full load, typically no measurable change.
Measurements must be made at sense lead connection point to
the load.
Compliance Voltage Effect On Current Output:
<10nA change for a 100V change in compliance voltage for
output currents <11.11112mA, equivalent to >10 Gig-ohm
output impedance; <100nA change for a 100V change in
compliance voltage for output currents ≥11.11112mA,
equivalent to >1 Gig-ohm output impedance.
Compliance Voltage Limit: Settable in 1V steps from 1V to
110V. Compliance limits approximately 15% +0.25V above
the setting.
Warm-Up Time from a Cold Start: 1 Hour to within 5ppm
of final value. 4 Hours to rated accuracy and final value.
Maximum Output Current: ±110mA. Output protected from
damage with a current limiter. Output may be shorted to
ground indefinitely.
Protection: Voltage mode, short-circuit and over-load
protected. Current mode, open circuit protected. Indication by
display message. Automatic recovery.
GPIB PROGRAMMING
Switching Time: Typically 300ms.
Subsets: SH1, AH1, T6, SR1, RL1, PP1, DC1, DC1, DT1,
CO, E1.
Line Termination: The GPIB OEI signal is always sent with
the last character on a line.
Talker Function: Allows interrogation of the Model 523 by a
controller.
TERMINALS
Output Terminals are mounted on both the front and rear
panels. Only one set of terminals may be used at a time. Both
terminal sets are configured for remote sensing of the output
as follows:
High Output and High Sense
Low Output and Low Sense
Case Ground.
Calibration: The Model 523 is specified with a 1-year
calibration cycle. An AUTO ZERO OFFSET CALIBRATION
(AZOC) is provided that returns any thermally generated
offset to within specified limits, and can be accessed via front
panel controls or over the GPIB interface bus. The Model 523
15 Jonathan Drive, Unit 4, Brockton, MA 02301-5566 U.S.A. (Printed 12/12, 523Data.docx, V3.0)
Tel: 508-580-1660; Fax: 508-583-8989; email: sales@krohn-hite.com; web: www.krohn-hite.com
DC Voltage/Current Source/Calibrator
GENERAL
Display: LCD, 7.5 digits. Displays output settings and other
pertinent information.
CAB005: Cable, 2 conductor shielded balanced line.
Isolation: Power transformer-to-analog output, control logicto-analog output, optically isolated.
CAB018: Cable: multi-stacking double banana plug.
SAFETY
The Model 523 is designed to meet the requirements of the
following standards of safety for electrical equipment for
measurement, control and laboratory use: IEC61010-1,
EN61010-1.
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
Emissions and Immunity: EN61326-1, EMC, 61000-4-2;
ESD, 61000-4-3; Radiated Immunity, 61000-4-4; EFT, 610004-5; Surge, 61000-4-6; Conducted Immunity, 61000-48; Magnetic Immunity, 61000-4-11; Voltage Interuption
EN61010-1. CE Compliant for Class B Equipment.
MECHANICAL
Power Requirements: Selectable 105-130 or 210-260 volts
ac, single phase, 50Hz to 60Hz, 60 watts.
CAB023: The CAB023 is a low thermal EMF retractable
sheath banana plug patch cord set. These low thermal cables
minimize thermal errors so accurate low voltage
measurements can be made. Each set includes 2 test leads (one
black and one red).
CAB024: The CAB024 is a low thermal EMF spade lug
patch cord set for low voltage measurements. These low
thermal cables minimize thermal errors so accurate low
voltage measurements can be made. Each set includes 2 test
leads (one black and one red).
Dimensions and Weights: 3.5“ (9cm) high, 14" (36cm) wide,
12.5” (32.13cm) deep; 12 lbs (5.4kg) net, 14 lbs (6.3kg)
shipping.
ACCESSORIES
3 terminal line cord.
Operating manual.
Operating Temperature Range: 0ºC to 50ºC.
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
OPTIONS
VLIMIT: Limits the output maximum voltage to any value
within the range from 17Vdc to 100Vdc.
KH523CAL: Calibration and test software, totally automatic,
needed to calibrate the Model 523.
PCR100: 100 Ohm Precision Current Resistor.
RK-314: Rack Mount Kit permits the installation of the
Model 523 into a 19” rack spacing.
15 Jonathan Drive, Unit 4, Brockton, MA 02301-5566 U.S.A. (Printed 12/12, 523Data.docx, V3.0)
Tel: 508-580-1660; Fax: 508-583-8989; email: sales@krohn-hite.com; web: www.krohn-hite.com
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