Gigabyte GA-G1975X-C, GA-G1975X User manual

Gigabyte GA-G1975X-C, GA-G1975X User manual
GA-G1975X
Intel® Pentium® Processor Extreme Edition
Intel® Pentium® D / Pentium® 4 LGA775 Processor Motherboard
User's Manual
Rev. 1005
12ME-G1975X-1005R
* The WEEE marking on the product indicates this product must not be disposed of with user's other household waste
and must be handed over to a designated collection point for the recycling of waste electrical and electronic equipment!!
* The WEEE marking applies only in European Union's member states.
Motherboard
GA-G1975X
Dec. 16, 2005
Motherboard
GA-G1975X
Dec. 16, 2005
Copyright
© 2005 GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD. All rights reserved.
The trademarks mentioned in the manual are legally registered to their respective companies.
Notice
The written content provided with this product is the property of Gigabyte.
No part of this manual may be reproduced, copied, translated, or transmitted in any form or by any
means without Gigabyte's prior written permission. Specifications and features are subject to
change without prior notice.
Product Manual Classification
In order to assist in the use of this product, Gigabyte has categorized the user manual in the
following:
„ For quick installation, please refer to the "Hardware Installation Guide" included with the
product.
„ For detailed product information and specifications, please carefully read the
"Product User Manual".
„ For detailed information related to Gigabyte's unique features, please go to "Technology
Guide" section on Gigabyte's website to read or download the information you need.
For more product details, please click onto Gigabyte's website at www.gigabyte.com.tw
Table of Contents
Item Checklist ................................................................................................................. 6
GA-G1975X Motherboard Layout .................................................................................. 7
Block Diagram ................................................................................................................ 8
Chapter 1 Hardware Installation ..................................................................................... 9
1-1
Considerations Prior to Installation .................................................................... 9
1-2
1-3
Feature Summary .......................................................................................... 10
Installation of the CPU and Heatsink .............................................................. 13
1-3-1
1-3-2
1-4
1-5
Installation of the CPU ......................................................................................... 13
Installation of the Heatsink .................................................................................. 14
Installation of Memory .................................................................................... 15
Installation of Expansion Cards ...................................................................... 17
1-6
Configuring a Multi-Graphics Cards System .................................................. 18
1-6-1
1-6-2
1-7
1-8
Configuring a Multi View System ...................................................................... 18
Configuring an ATi CrossFireTM System ........................................................ 19
I/O Back Panel Introduction ........................................................................... 20
Connectors Introduction .................................................................................. 21
Chapter 2 BIOS Setup ................................................................................................ 35
The Main Menu (For example: BIOS Ver. : F1) ....................................................... 36
2-1
2-2
2-3
2-4
Standard CMOS Features ............................................................................. 38
Advanced BIOS Features .............................................................................. 41
Integrated Peripherals ..................................................................................... 44
Power Management Setup ............................................................................. 46
2-5
2-6
2-7
2-8
PnP/PCI Configurations ................................................................................. 47
PC Health Status ........................................................................................... 48
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.) ....................................................................... 50
Top Performance ............................................................................................. 54
2-9
2-10
2-11
2-12
Select Language ............................................................................................. 54
Load Fail-Safe Defaults ................................................................................... 55
Load Optimized Defaults ................................................................................. 55
Set Supervisor/User Password ..................................................................... 56
2-13
2-14
Save & Exit Setup ......................................................................................... 56
Exit Without Saving ....................................................................................... 57
-4-
Chapter 3 Drivers Installation ...................................................................................... 59
3-1
Install Chipset Drivers .................................................................................... 59
3-2
3-3
3-4
3-5
Software Applications ..................................................................................... 60
Driver CD Information .................................................................................... 60
Hardware Information ..................................................................................... 61
Contact Us ..................................................................................................... 61
Chapter 4 Appendix ................................................................................................... 63
4-1
Unique Software Utilities ................................................................................ 63
4-1-1
4-1-2
4-1-3
4-1-4
4-1-5
4-1-6
4-2
4-3
EasyTune 5 Introduction ..................................................................................... 64
Xpress Recovery2 Introduction ......................................................................... 65
Flash BIOS Method Introduction ........................................................................ 67
Configuring SATA Hard Drive(s) (Controller: Intel ICH7R) ............................ 79
2- / 4- / 5.1- / 6.1- / 7.1- Channel Audio Function Introduction .................... 90
DTS Introduction ................................................................................................... 96
Troubleshooting ............................................................................................. 103
POST Error Code ........................................................................................ 104
-5-
Item Checklist
IDE Cable x 2 & FDD Cable x 1
Serial ATAII Cable x 4
Serial ATA Power Cable x 2
SATA + Serial ATA Power Cable x 1
2 Ports USB 2.0 Cable x 2
8-Channel Audio Combo kit x 1
2 Ports USB 2.0 + 2 Ports 1394 Cable x 1
I/O Shield
DGBR2 Card bracket
External Serial ATA Card
DGBR2 Card
* The items listed above are for reference only, and are subject to change without notice.
-6-
GA-G1975X Motherboard Layout
IT8712F
ATX_12V_2X4
ATX
PWR_FAN
LGA775
KB_MS
GA-G1975X
CPU_FAN
LAN
USB
AUDIO
PWR_FAN
FDD
DDRII4
DDRII1
Broadcom
5789
DDRII3
PCIE_12V
CD_IN
DDRII2
F_AUDIO
Intel ® 975X
IDE1
CI
PCIE_16_1
PCIE1
Intel ® ICH7R
MAIN
BIOS
SYS_FAN
BACKUP
BIOS
PCIE2
SUR_CEN
PCIE_4_1
F_USB1
CREATIVE
CA0106
PCIE_4_2
F_USB2
SPDIF_IO
F1_1394
COMA
PW1
RF_ID
(Note)
IDE2
Debug LED (Note)
For error code information, please refer to page 104.
-7-
S_ATAII0_1
GREEN_USB
F2_1394
PW2
S_ATAII2_3
PWR_LED F_PANEL
TSB43AB23
IT8211F
BAT
PCIE_16_2
Block Diagram
2 PCI-ECLK
(100MHz)
CPUCLK+/-(266/200 MHz)
LGA775
Processor
Host
Interface
DDRII 888(Note 1) / 667 (Note 2) /
533MHz DIMM
PCI Express x16
Intel ®
975X
Dual Channel Memory
MCHCLK (266/200MHz)
LAN1
2 PCI Express x 4
RJ45
Broadcom
5789
PCI-ECLK
(100MHz)
x4/x1
x4/x1
Dual BIOS
x1
PCI Express Bus
4 SATA 3Gb/s
Intel®
ICH7R
ATA33/66/100
IDE Channel
PCI Bus
TSB43AB23
Floppy
IT8211F
PCICLK(33MHz)
CREATIVE
CA0106
COM Port
PS/2 KB/Mouse
24MHz
Surround Speaker Out
Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out
Side Speaker Out
MIC
Line-Out
Line-In
SPDIF In
SPDIF Out
2 PCI
ATA33 / 66 / 100 / 133 IDE Channel
3 IEEE1394a
IT8712
8 USB
Ports
33MHz
(Note 1) DDR II memory can be overclocked to 888MHz (must be used with a 1066MHz FSB processor)
through overclocking in BIOS. Go to GIGABYTE's website for more information about the
supported DDR II memory modules for this feature.
(Note 2) To use a DDR II 667 memory module on the motherboard, you must install an 800/1066MHz
FSB processor.
-8-
1-1
English
Chapter 1 Hardware Installation
Considerations Prior to Installation
Preparing Your Computer
The motherboard contains numerous delicate electronic circuits and components which can
become damaged as a result of electrostatic discharge (ESD). Thus, prior to installation, please
follow the instructions below:
1. Please turn off the computer and unplug its power cord.
2. When handling the motherboard, avoid touching any metal leads or connectors.
3. It is best to wear an electrostatic discharge (ESD) cuff when handling electronic components
(CPU, RAM).
4. Prior to installing the electronic components, please have these items on top of an antistatic pad or
within a electrostatic shielding container.
5. Please verify that the power supply is switched off before unplugging the power supply connector
from the motherboard.
Installation Notices
1. Prior to installation, please do not remove the stickers on the motherboard. These stickers are required
for warranty validation.
2. Prior to the installation of the motherboard or any hardware, please first carefully read the information
in the provided manual.
3. Before using the product, please verify that all cables and power connectors are connected.
4. To prevent damage to the motherboard, please do not allow screws to come in contact with the
motherboard circuit or its components.
5. Please make sure there are no leftover screws or metal components placed on the motherboard or
within the computer casing.
6. Please do not place the computer system on an uneven surface.
7. Turning on the computer power during the installation process can lead to damage to system
components as well as physical harm to the user.
8. If you are uncertain about any installation steps or have a problem related to the use of the product,
please consult a certified computer technician.
Instances of Non-Warranty
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Damage due to natural disaster, accident or human cause.
Damage as a result of violating the conditions recommended in the user manual.
Damage due to improper installation.
Damage due to use of uncertified components.
Damage due to use exceeding the permitted parameters.
Product determined to be an unofficial Gigabyte product.
-9-
Hardware Installation
English
1-2
Feature Summary
CPU
Front Side Bus
Chipset
LAN
Audio
IEEE 1394
Storage
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O.S Support
Memory
Expanstion Slots
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GA-G1975X Motherboard
Supports LGA775 Intel ® Pentium ® Processor Extreme Edition/ Pentium ® D /
Pentium ® 4 (Note 1)
L2 cache varies with CPU
Supports 1066/800MHz FSB
Northbridge: Intel® 975X Express Chipset
Southbridge: Intel ® ICH7R
Onboard Broadcom 5789 chip (10/100/1000 Mbit)
Onboard CREATIVE CA0106 chip
Supports 2 / 4 / 5.1 / 6.1/ 7.1 channel audio (Note 2)
Supports SPDIF In/Out connection
Onboard TI 1394a chip
3 IEEE1394a ports
ICH7R Southbrigde
- 1 FDD connector, allowing connection of 2 FDD devices
- 1 IDE connector (IDE1) with UDMA 33/ATA 66/ATA 100 suppport,
allowing connection of 2 IDE devices
- 4 SATA 3Gb/s connectors (SATAII0_1, SATAII2_3), allowing connection
of 4 SATA devices
- Supports data striping (RAID 0), mirroring (RAID 1) or
striping + mirroring (RAID 0+1) or RAID 5 for Serial ATA
Onboard IT8211F chipset
- 1 IDE connector (IDE2) (UDMA 33/ATA 66/ATA 100/ATA 133),
suppport, allowing connection of 2 IDE devices
- Supports ATAPI mode for HDD
- Supports IDE bus master operation
Microsoft Windows 2000/XP
4 DDR II DIMM memory slots (supports up to 8GB memory)
Supports dual channel DDR II 888 (Note 3)/667 (Note 4)/533 unbuffered DIMMs
Supports 1.8V DDR II DIMMs
Supports ECC/non-ECC type DRAM
2 PCI Express x 16 slot
2 PCI Express x 4 slots
2 PCI slots
- 10 -
Rear Panel I/O
I/O Control
Hardware Monitor
BIOS
Additional Features
Bundle Software
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1 24-pin ATX power connector
1 8-pin ATX 12V power connector
1 4-pin PCIE 12V power connector
1 floppy connector
2 IDE connectors
4 SATA 3Gb/s connectors
1 CPU fan connector
1 system fan connector
1 power fan connector
1 front panel connector
1 front audio connector
1 CD In connector
1 COMA connector
3 USB 2.0/1.1 connectors for additional 6 ports by cables
2 IEEE1394a connectors for additional 3 ports by cables
1 RF_ID connector
1 SUR_CEN connector
1 SPDIF In/Out connector
1 power LED connector
1 PS/2 keyboard port
1 PS/2 mouse port
1 RJ 45 port
2 USB 2.0/1.1 ports
3 audio jacks (Line In / Line Out / MIC In)
IT8712 chip
System voltage detection
CPU temperature detection
CPU / System / Power fan speed detection
CPU warning temperature
CPU / System / Power fan failure warning
CPU smart fan control
2 4M bit flash ROM
Use of licensed AWARD BIOS
Supports DualBIOS/Multilanguage BIOS
Supports @BIOS
Supports Download Center
Supports Q-Flash
Supports EasyTune (Note 5)
Supports Xpress Install
Supports Xpress Recovery2
Supports Xpress Rescue
Norton Internet Security (OEM revision)
- 11 -
Hardware Installation
English
Internal Connectors
English
Overclocking
Š
Š
Form Factor
Š
Over Voltage via BIOS (CPU/ DDR II/ PCI-E/ FSB)
- CPU Over Voltage : Adjustable CPU voltage at 0.05V
(Adjustable range from 1.7500V to 1.0625V)
- DIMM Over Voltage : Adjustable DIMM voltage at 0.1V
(Adjustable range from +0.1V to +0.7V)
- PCI-E Over Voltage : Adjustable DIMM voltage at 0.1V
(Adjustable range from +0.1V to +0.7V)
- FSB Over Voltage : Adjustable FSB voltage at 0.05V
(Adjustable range from +0.05V to +0.35V)
Over Clock via BIOS (CPU/ DDR II/ PCI-E)
- PCI Express x16 Frequency : Allows 1MHz increment from 90MHz to
150MHz.
- Adjustable FSB/DDRII frequencies.
ATX form factor; 30.5cm x 24.4cm
(Note 1) For further CPU support information, please go to GIGABYTE's website.
(Note 2) 4~7.1 channel audio configuration requires the use of Audio Combo Kit.
(Note 3) DDR II memory can be overclocked to 888MHz (must be used with an 1066MHz FSB
processor) through overclocking in BIOS. Go to GIGABYTE's website for more information
about the supported DDR II memory modules for this feature.
(Note 4) To use a DDR II 667 memory module on the motherboard, you must install an 800/1066MHz
FSB processor.
(Note 5) EasyTune functions may vary depending on different motherboards.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 12 -
Installation of the CPU and Heatsink
Before installing the CPU, please comply with the following conditions:
1. Please make sure that the motherboard supports the CPU.
2. Please take note of the one indented corner of the CPU. If you install the CPU in the wrong
direction, the CPU will not insert properly. If this occurs, please change the insert direction
of the CPU.
3. Please add an even layer of heat sink paste between the CPU and heatsink.
4. Please make sure the heatsink is installed on the CPU prior to system use, otherwise
overheating and permanent damage of the CPU may occur.
5. Please set the CPU host frequency in accordance with the processor specifications. It is not
recommended that the system bus frequency be set beyond hardware specifications since it
does not meet the required standards for the peripherals. If you wish to set the frequency
beyond the proper specifications, please do so according to your hardware specifications
including the CPU, graphics card, memory, hard drive, etc.
HT functionality requirement content :
Enabling the functionality of Hyper-Threading Technology for your computer system requires all
of the following platform components:
- CPU: An Intel® Pentium 4 Processor with HT Technology
- Chipset: An Intel ® Chipset that supports HT Technology
- BIOS: A BIOS that supports HT Technology and has it enabled
- OS: An operation system that has optimizations for HT Technology
1-3-1 Installation of the CPU
Metal Lever
Fig. 1
Gently lift the metal
lever located on the
CPU socket to the
upright position.
Fig. 2
Remove the plastic
covering on the CPU
socket.
Fig. 3
Notice the small gold
colored triangle located
on the edge of the CPU
socket. Align the
indented corner of the
Fig. 4
Once the CPU is
properly inserted,
please replace the
load plate and push the
metal lever back into
its original position.
CPU with the triangle and gently insert the CPU into
position. (Grasping the CPU firmly between your
thumb and forefinger, carefully place it into the socket
in a straight and downwards motion. Avoid twisting or
bending motions that might cause damage to the CPU
during installation.)
- 13 -
Hardware Installation
English
1-3
English
1-3-2 Installation of the Heatsink
Male Push Pin
The top of Female Push Pin
Female Push Pin
Fig.1
Please apply an even layer of heatsink paste on
the surface of the installed CPU.
Fig. 2
(Turning the push pin along the direction of arrow is
to remove the heatsink, on the contrary, is to install.)
Please note the direction of arrow sign on the male
push pin doesn't face inwards before installation. (This
instruction is only for Intel boxed fan)
Fig. 3
Place the heatsink atop the CPU and make sure
the push pins aim to the pin hole on the
motherboard.Pressing down the push pins
diagonally.
Fig. 4
Please make sure the Male and Female push pin are
joined closely. (for detailed installation instructions,
please refer to the heatsink installation section of the
user manual)
Fig. 5
Please check the back of motherboard after
installing. If the push pin is inserted as the picture,
the installation is complete.
Fig. 6
Finally, please attach the power connector of the
heatsink to the CPU fan header located on the
motherboard.
The heatsink may adhere to the CPU as a result of hardening of the heatsink paste.To prevent
such an occurrence, it is suggested that either thermal tape rather than heat sink paste be used for
heat dissipation or using extreme care when removing the heatsink.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 14 -
Installation of Memory
Before installing the memory modules, please comply with the following conditions:
1. Please make sure that the memory used is supported by the motherboard. It is
recommended that memory of similar capacity, specifications and brand be used.
2. Before installing or removing memory modules, please make sure that the computer
power is switched off to prevent hardware damage.
3. Memory modules have a foolproof insertion design. A memory module can be installed
in only one direction. If you are unable to insert the module, please switch the direction.
The motherboard supports DDR II memory modules, whereby BIOS will automatically detect memory
capacity and specifications. Memory modules are designed so that they can be inserted only in one direction.
The memory capacity used can differ with each slot.
Notch
DDR II
Fig.1
The DIMM socket has a notch, so the DIMM memory module
can only fit in one direction. Insert the DIMM memory module
vertically into the DIMM socket. Then push it down.
Fig.2
Close the plastic clip at both edges of the DIMM sockets to
lock the DIMM module.
Reverse the installation steps when you wish to remove the
DIMM module.
- 15 -
Hardware Installation
English
1-4
English
Dual Channel Memory Configuration
The GA-G1975X supports the Dual Channel Technology. After operating the
Dual Channel Technology, the bandwidth of Memory Bus will add double.
GA-G1975X includes 4 DIMM sockets, and each Channel has two DIMM
sockets as following:
Channel A : DDR II 1, DDR II 2
Channel B : DDR II 3, DDR II 4
If you want to operate the Dual Channel Technology, please note the following explanations due
to the limitation of Intel chipset specifications.
1. Dual Channel mode will not be enabled if only one DDR II memory module is installed.
2. To enable Dual Channel mode with two or four memory modules (it is recommended to use
memory modules of identical brand, size, chips, and speed), you must install them into DIMM
sockets of the same color.
The following is a Dual Channel Memory configuration table: (DS: Double Side, SS: Single Side)
2 memory modules
4 memory modules
DDR II 1
DDR II 2
DDR II 3
DDR II 4
DS/SS
X
DS/SS
X
X
DS/SS
X
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
DS/SS
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 16 -
Installation of Expansion Cards
You can install your expansion card by following the steps outlined below:
1. Read the related expansion card's instruction document before install the expansion card into the
computer.
2. Remove your computer's chassis cover, screws and slot bracket from the computer.
3. Press the expansion card firmly into expansion slot in motherboard.
4. Be sure the metal contacts on the card are indeed seated in the slot.
5. Replace the screw to secure the slot bracket of the expansion card.
6. Replace your computer's chassis cover.
7. Power on the computer, if necessary, setup BIOS utility of expansion card from BIOS.
8. Install related driver from the operating system.
Installing a PCI Express x 16 expansion card:
Please carefully pull out the small whitedrawable bar at the end of the PCI Express x 16 slot when you try to install/
uninstall the VGA card. Please align the
VGA card to the onboard PCI Express x
16 slot and press firmly down on the slot.
Make sure your VGA card is locked by
the small white-drawable bar.
To release an installed card, users can
also press the latch on the opposite side
of the drawable bar as the picture to the
left shows.
The PCIE_12V power connector supplies
extra power to the PCIEx 16 slots. Connect
this connector depending on your system
requirements.
- 17 -
Hardware Installation
English
1-5
English
1-6
Configuring a Multi-Graphics Cards System
1-6-1 Configuring a Multi View System
This function is supported only on Windows XP operating system.
With Multi View technology from GIGABYTE, Dual Graphic enabled motherboards offer multiple display
support on up to eight separate monitors. This improves the capabilities and productivity of the user by
allowing them to spread multiple windows over eight monitors and view them simultaneously.
Multiple display support for increasing productivity
Multiple display support for immersive video
Before you begin-The exact power requirement will depend on your overall system configurations. You need a
power supply that can provide sufficient and stable power to your system and the two
graphics cards. We recommend a power supply that supplies 400W (or above) and 25A (or
above) +12V current.
If you wish to enable the Multi View function, install two or three similar graphics cards into the
PCIE_16_1, PCIE_16_2, PCIE_4_1, PCIE_4_2 slots (Note). (It is recommended to use graphics cards of
identical brand and chips. For example: GIGABYTE GV-NX66T128D).
If you want to set up a single or dual graphics card system, we recommend installing the graphics
card(s) on the PCIE_16 slot(s) to ensure better display performance.
(Note)
In order to enable the Dual Graphic function correctly, you have to install at least one graphics
card into the PCIE_16 slot.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 18 -
To enable CrossFireTM technology on the motherboard, you need one ATI CrossFire TM Edition graphics
card (master) and one standard CrossFire TM -ready ATI RADEON graphics card (slave).
Before you begin-I. Power Requirements:
Before installation, assure that the power supply you use is able to provide sufficient power to fully
support an CrossFire configuration and other components in your system. We recommend a power
supply that provides at least 20A 12V current. Please note that the exact power requirements will
depend on your overall system configurations.
II. Supported Operating Systems:
Only Windows XP operating system is currrently supported by the ATI CrossFire TM technology.
Enabling CrossFire Mode-Connecting Two Graphics Cards:
Step 1: Observe the steps in "1-5 Installation of Expansion Cards"
on page 17 and install the master graphics card (ATI
CrossFire Edition) in the PCIE_16_1 slot and the slave
graphics card (ATI standard CrossFire-ready) in the
PCIE_16_2 slot.
Step 2: Attach the CrossFire cable (included with the CrossFire
Edition graphics card) to the DMS connector of the master
card and to the DVI connector of the slave card.
DMS Connector
(Master Card)
DVI-I Connector
(Slave card)
Step 3: Connect your LCD monitor to the CrossFire cable
or connect your VGA monitor via an adapter.
Graphics Card Driver Setting:
Step 1: After installing graphics card driver in operating
system, access the ATI CATALYST Control
Center. From the ATI CATALYST Control
Center, enter the CrossFire menu and assure to
select the Enable CrossFire checkbox to complete the configuration.
- 19 -
Hardware Installation
English
1-6-2 Configuring an ATi CrossFireTM System
English
1-7
I/O Back Panel Introduction
PS/2 Keyboard and PS/2 Mouse Connector
To install a PS/2 port keyboard and mouse, plug the mouse to the upper port (green) and the
keyboard to the lower port (purple).
Line In
Devices like CD-ROM, walkman etc. can be connected to Line In jack.
Line Out
Connect the stereo speakers, earphone or front surround speakers to this connector.
MIC In
Microphone can be connected to MIC In jack.
LAN Port
The provided Internet connection is Gigabit Ethernet (PCI Express Gigabit), providing data
transfer speeds of 10/100/1000Mbps.
USB Port
Before you connect your device(s) into USB connector(s), please make sure your device(s)
such as USB keyboard, mouse, scanner, zip, speaker...etc. have a standard USB interface.
Also make sure your OS supports USB controller. If your OS does not support USB controller,
please contact OS vendor for possible patch or driver upgrade. For more information please
contact your OS or device(s) vendors.
You can use audio software to configure 2-/4-/5.1-/6.1-/7.1-channel audio functioning.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 20 -
Connectors Introduction
English
1-8
3
4
1
2
6
7
13
8
12
19
10
5
21
9
11
18
8
14
20 17
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)
6)
7)
8)
9)
10)
11)
ATX_12V_2X4
ATX (Power Connector)
PCIE_12V
CPU_FAN
SYS_FAN
PWR_FAN
FDD
IDE1 / IDE2
SATAII0_1 / SATAII2_3
BATTERY
F_PANEL
22
16
15
12)
13)
14)
15)
16)
17)
18)
19)
20)
21)
22)
- 21 -
F_AUDIO
CD_IN
SPDIF_IO
F_USB1 / F_USB2 / GREEN_USB
F1_1394 / F2_1394
RF_ID
PWR_LED
CI
COMA
SUR_CEN
PW1 / PW2
Hardware Installation
English
1/2) ATX_12V_2X4/ATX (Power Connector)
With the use of the power connector, the power supply can supply enough stable power to all the
components on the motherboard. Before connecting the power connector, please make sure that
all components and devices are properly installed. Align the power connector with its proper
location on the motherboard and connect tightly.
The ATX 12V (2x4) power connector mainly supplies power to the CPU. If the ATX 12V (2x4)
power connector is not connected, the system will not start. If you wish to install a power supply
that provides ATX 12V (2x2) power connector, please connect the ATX 12V power connector to
the Pin 3, 4, 7,8 of the onboard ATX_12V_2X4 power connector according to the pin definitions.
Important Use of a power supply providing an ATX 12V (2x4) power connector is recommended
by processor manufacturer when using Intel Pentium D Extreme Edition processor.
Caution! Please use a power supply that is able to handle the system voltage requirements. It
is recommended that a power supply that can withstand high power consumption be used
(400W or greater). If a power supply is used that does not provide the required power, the result
can lead to an unstable system or a system that is unable to start. If you use a power supply
that provides a 24-pin ATX or 2x4 pin ATX 12V power connector, please remove the small cover
on the power connector on the motherboard before plugging in the power cord ; otherwise, please
do not remove it.
5
1
13
24
1
12
GA-G1975X Motherboard
Pin No.
8
Pin No.
1
4
Definition
Pin No.
2
GND
3
GND
4
5
GND
+12V
6
+12V
7
+12V
8
+12V
Definition
1
3.3V
2
3
3.3V
GND
15
GND
4
+5V
16
PS_ON(soft On/Off)
5
GND
6
7
+5V
GND
17
18
GND
GND
19
GND
8
Power Good
20
-5V
9
5V SB(stand by +5V)
10
11
+12V
+12V(Only for 24-pin ATX)
21
22
+5V
+5V
12
3.3V(Only for 24-pin ATX)
- 22 -
13
14
Definition
GND
3.3V
-12V
23
+5V (Only for 24-pin ATX)
24
GND(Only for 24-pin ATX)
The PCIE_12V power connector supplies extra power to the PCIE x 16 slot. Connect this
connector depending on your system requirements.
1
PIin No.
4/5/6)
Definition
1
NC
2
GND
3
4
GND
+12V
CPU_FAN / SYS_FAN / PWR_FAN (Cooler Fan Power Connector)
The cooler fan power connector supplies a +12V power voltage via a 3-pin/4-pin (only for
CPU_FAN) power connector and possesses a foolproof connection design.
Most coolers are designed with color-coded power connector wires. A red power connector
wire indicates a positive connection and requires a +12V power voltage. The black connector
wire is the ground wire (GND).
Please remember to connect the power to the cooler to prevent system overheating and failure.
Caution!
Please remember to connect the power to the CPU fan to prevent CPU overheating and failure.
Pin No.
1
2
1
CPU_FAN
1
Definition
GND
+12V
3
Sense
4
Speed Control
(Only for CPU_FAN)
SYS_FAN / PWR_FAN
- 23 -
Hardware Installation
English
3) PCIE_12V (Power Connector)
English
7) FDD (Floppy Connector)
The FDD connector is used to connect the FDD cable while the other end of the cable connects to the
FDD drive. The types of FDD drives supported are: 360KB, 720KB, 1.2MB, 1.44MB and 2.88MB.
Please connect the red power connector wire to the pin1 position.
34
33
2
1
8) IDE1 / IDE2 (IDE Connector)
An IDE device connects to the computer via an IDE connector. One IDE connector can connect to one
IDE cable, and the single IDE cable can then connect to two IDE devices (hard drive or optical drive).
If you wish to connect two IDE devices, please set the jumper on one IDE device as Master and the
other as Slave (for information on settings, please refer to the instructions located on the IDE
device).To ensure that an IDE CD-ROM drive can work properly, please attach it to the IDE 1
connector.
IDE1
40
39
2
1
40
2
1
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 24 -
IDE2
39
SATA 3Gb/s can provide up to 300MB/s transfer rate. Please refer to the BIOS setting for the Serial
ATA and install the proper driver in order to work properly.
1
7
7
Pin No.
1
1
Definition
GND
2
TXP
3
TXN
4
5
GND
RXN
6
RXP
7
GND
10) BATTERY
Danger of explosion if battery is incorrectly replaced.
Replace only with the same or equivalent type recommended
by the manufacturer.
Dispose of used batteries according to the manufacturer's
instructions.
If you want to erase CMOS...
1. Turn OFF the computer and unplug the power cord.
2. Take out the battery gently and put it aside for about 10
minutes (Or you can use a metal object to connect the
positive and negative pins in the battery holder to make
them short for one minute).
3. Re-install the battery.
4. Plug the power cord and turn ON the computer.
- 25 -
Hardware Installation
English
9) SATAII0_1 / SATAII2_3 (SATA 3Gb/s Connector)
English
11) F_PANEL (Front Panel Jumper)
Please connect the power LED, PC speaker, reset switch and power switch etc. of your chassis
front panel to the F_PANEL connector according to the pin assignment below.
Speaker Connector
SPEAK-
20 19
Reset Switch
SPEAK+
Power Switch
Message LED/
Power/
Sleep LED
HD (IDE Hard Disk Active LED)
Pin 1: LED anode(+)
(Blue)
SPEAK (Speaker Connector)
Pin 2: LED cathode(-)
Pin 1: Power
PW+
PW-
MSGMSG+
(Amber)
Pin 2- Pin 3: NC
RES (Reset Switch)
Pin 4: Data(-)
Open: Normal
(Green)
Close: Reset Hardware System
PW (Power Switch)
Open: Normal
(Red)
MSG (Message LED/Power/Sleep LED)
Close: Power On/Off
Pin 1: LED anode(+)
(Yellow)
Pin 2: LED cathode(-)
NC ( Purple)
NC
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 26 -
2 1
NC
RES+
RESHDHD+
IDE Hard Disk
Active LED
If you wish to use the front audio function, connect the front panel audio module to this connector.
Check the pin assignments carefully while you connect the front panel audio module. Incorrect
connection between the module and connector will make the audio device unable to work or even
damage it. For optional front panel audio module, please contact your chassis manufacturer.
Pin No.
10
9
2
1
Definition
1
2
MIC
GND
3
MIC_BIAS
4
NC
5
6
FrontAudio(R)
NC
7
NC
8
No Pin
9
10
FrontAudio (L)
NC
13) CD_IN (CD IN)
Connect CD-ROM or DVD-ROM audio out to the connector.
Pin No.
1
- 27 -
Definition
1
CD-L
2
3
GND
GND
4
CD-R
Hardware Installation
English
12) F_AUDIO (Front Audio Connector)
English
14) SPDIF_IO (SPDIF In/Out)
The SPDIF output is capable of providing digital audio to external speakers or compressed AC3 data to
an external Dolby Digital Decoder. Use this feature only when your stereo system has digital input
function. Use SPDIF IN feature only when your device has digital output function.
Be careful with the polarity of the SPDIF_IO connector. Check the pin assignment carefully while you
connect the SPDIF cable, incorrect connection between the cable and connector will make the
device unable to work or even damage it. For optional SPDIF cable, please contact your local
dealer.
Pin No.
2
6
1
5
Definition
1
2
Power
No Pin
3
SPDIF
4
SPDIFI
5
6
GND
GND
15) F_ USB1 / F_USB2 / GREEN_USB (Front USB Connector)
Be careful with the polarity of the front USB connector. Check the pin assignments carefully while you
connect the front USB cable, incorrect connection between the cable and connector will make the
device unable to work or even damage it. For optional front USB cable, please contact your local dealer.
The GREEN_USB connector provides no standby power when system is off and it does not support
USB device to wake up from S3 mode. Users who wish to shut down the standby power(note) for their
USB devices during system power-off can connect the devices to this connector via the optional front
USB cable.
2
1
(Note)
10
9
Pin No.
Definition
1
Power(5V)
2
3
Power(5V)
USB DX-
4
USB Dy-
5
USB DX+
6
7
USB Dy+
GND
8
GND
9
No Pin
10
NC
When the standby power is shut down, USB devices (example: optical mouses) will not light
on during system power-off.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 28 -
Serial interface standard set by Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, which has features like
high speed, highbandwidth and hot plug. Be careful with the polarity of the IEEE1394 connector. Check
the pin assignment carefully while you connect the IEEE1394 cable, incorrect connection between the
cable and connector will make the device unable to work or even damage it. For optional IEEE1394
cable, please contact your local dealer.
2
2
1
F1_1394
10
9
Pin No.
16
F2_1394
15
1
Pin No.
Definition
Definition
1
TPA2+
1
Power(12V)
2
3
TPA2GND
2
3
Power(12V)
TPA0+
4
GND
4
TPA0-
5
TPB2+
5
GND
6
7
TPB2No Pin
6
7
GND
TPB0+
8
Power(12V)
8
TPB0-
9
Power(12V)
9
Power(12V)
10
GND
10
11
Power(12V)
TPA1+
12
TPA1-
13
GND
14
15
No Pin
TPB1+
16
TPB1-
17) RF_ID
This connector allows you to connect external devices to use extra function. Check the pin
assignments before you connect the external device cable. Please contact your nearest dealer for
the optional GIGABYTE external device.
2
1
- 29 -
6
5
Pin No.
Definition
1
Power
2
3
RFID_RIRF_TXD
4
RF_RXD
5
No Pin
6
GND
Hardware Installation
English
16) F1_1394 / F2_1394 (IEEE 1394 Connector)
English
18) PWR_LED
The PWR_LED connector is connected with the system power indicator to indicate whether the
system is on/off. It will blink when the system enters suspend mode.
Pin No.
1
Definition
1
2
MPD+
MPD-
3
MPD-
19) CI (Chassis Intrusion, Case Open)
This 2-pin connector allows your system to detect if the chassis cover is removed. You can check
the "Case Opened" status in BIOS Setup.
Pin No.
1
2
1
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 30 -
Definition
Signal
GND
Be careful with the polarity of the COMA connector. Check the pin assignment carefully while you
connect the COMA cable, incorrect connection between the cable and connector will make the
device unable to work or even damage it. For optional COMA cable, please contact your local
dealer.
2
10
1
9
Pin No.
Definition
1
NDCDA-
2
NSINA
3
4
NSOUTA
NDTRA-
5
GND
6
NDSRA-
7
8
NRTSANCTSA-
9
NRIA-
10
No Pin
21) SUR_CEN (Surround Center Connector)
Please connect the Surround Kit connector from the included Audio Combo Kit to this connector.
2
8
1
7
- 31 -
Pin No.
Definition
1
REAR_L
2
3
REAR_R
GND
4
No Pin
5
CENTER
6
7
LEF
SIDE_L
8
SIDE_R
Hardware Installation
English
20) COMA (COMA Connector)
English
22) PW1 / PW2
C.R.S. (CMOS Reload Switch) allows user to clear the CMOS and reboot the system simultaneously.
C.R.S. provides convenient default settings retrieve and jumper-free CMOS reload.
PW1(Red) PW2(Blue)
Definition
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 32 -
PW1
Clear CMOS + Power On
PW2
Power On / Off
English
- 33 -
Hardware Installation
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 34 -
BIOS (Basic Input and Output System) includes a CMOS SETUP utility which allows user to configure
required settings or to activate certain system features.
The CMOS SETUP saves the configuration in the CMOS SRAM of the motherboard.
When the power is turned off, the battery on the motherboard supplies the necessary power to the CMOS
SRAM.
When the power is turned on, pushing the <Del> button during the BIOS POST (Power-On Self Test) will
take you to the CMOS SETUP screen.
When setting up BIOS for the first time, it is recommended that you save the current BIOS to a disk in the
event that BIOS needs to be reset to its original settings. If you wish to upgrade to a new BIOS, either
GIGABYTE's Q-Flash or @BIOS utility can be used.
Q-Flash allows the user to quickly and easily update or backup BIOS without entering the operating system.
@BIOS is a Windows-based utility that does not require users to boot to DOS before upgrading BIOS but
directly download and update BIOS from the Internet.
CONTROL KEYS
< >< ><
<Enter>
<Esc>
<Page Up>
<Page Down>
<F1>
<F2>
<F3>
<F5>
<F6>
<F7>
<F8>
<F9>
<F10>
><
> Move to select item
Select Item
Main Menu - Quit and not save changes into CMOS Status Page Setup Menu
and Option Page Setup Menu - Exit current page and return to Main Menu
Increase the numeric value or make changes
Decrease the numeric value or make changes
General help, only for Status Page Setup Menu and Option Page Setup Menu
Item Help
Select Language
Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS, only for Option Page Setup
Menu
Load the fail-safe default CMOS value from BIOS default table
Load the Optimized Defaults
Dual BIOS/Q-Flash utility
System Information
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main Menu
Main Menu
The on-line description of the highlighted setup function is displayed at the bottom of the screen.
Status Page Setup Menu / Option Page Setup Menu
Press F1 to pop up a small help window that describes the appropriate keys to use and the possible selections for the highlighted item. To exit the Help Window press <Esc>.
Because BIOS flashing is potentially risky, please do it with caution and avoid inadequate
operation that may result in system malfunction.
- 35 -
BIOS Setup
English
Chapter 2 BIOS Setup
English
<F12> : For Boot Menu
Select boot sequence for onboard (or add-on cards) device.
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2004, Award Software, Inc.
Intel I975 BIOS for G1975X F1
.
.
.
.
<DEL>:BIOS Setup/Q-Flash, <F9>: Xpress Recovery2, <F12>For Boot Menu
11/07/2005-I945-6A79HG0GC-00
<F12> For Boot Menu
Use < > or < > to select a device, then press enter to accept . Press <ESC> to exit this menu.
Boot Menu
== Select a Boot First device ==
Floppy
LS120
Hard Disk
CDROM
ZIP
USB-FDD
USB-ZIP
USB-CDROM
USB-HDD
LAN
KL:Move Enter :Accept ESC:Exit
The Main Menu (For example: BIOS Ver. : F1)
Once you enter Award BIOS CMOS Setup Utility, the Main Menu (as figure below) will appear on the
screen. Use arrow keys to select among the items and press <Enter> to accept or enter the sub-menu.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
ESC: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
Exit Without Saving
KLJI: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
Please Load Optimized Defaults in the BIOS when somehow the system works not stable as
usual. This action makes the system reset to the default for stability.
The BIOS Setup menus described in this chapter are for reference only and may differ from the
exact settings for your motherboard.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 36 -
English
„ Standard CMOS Features
This setup page includes all the items in standard compatible BIOS.
„ Advanced BIOS Features
This setup page includes all the items of Award special enhanced features.
„ Integrated Peripherals
This setup page includes all onboard peripherals.
„ Power Management Setup
This setup page includes all the items of Green function features.
„ PnP/PCI Configuration
This setup page includes all the configurations of PCI & PnP ISA resources.
„ PC Health Status
This setup page is the System auto detect Temperature, voltage, fan, speed.
„ MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
This setup page is control CPU clock and frequency ratio.
„ Top Performance
If you wish to maximize the performance of your system, set "Top Performance" as "Enabled".
„ Select Language
This setup page is to select multi languages.
„ Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Fail-Safe Defaults indicates the value of the system parameters which the system would be in safe
configuration.
„ Load Optimized Defaults
Optimized Defaults indicates the value of the system parameters which the system would be in
best performance configuration.
„ Set Supervisor Password
Change, set, or disable password. It allows you to limit access to the system and Setup, or just
to Setup.
„ Set User Password
Change, set, or disable password. It allows you to limit access to the system.
„ Save & Exit Setup
Save CMOS value settings to CMOS and exit setup.
„ Exit Without Saving
Abandon all CMOS value changes and exit setup.
- 37 -
BIOS Setup
English
2-1
Standard CMOS Features
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Standard CMOS Features
`
`
`
`
`
`
Date (mm:dd:yy)
Time (hh:mm:ss)
Wed, Oct 27 2005
22:31:24
Item Help
Menu Level`
IDE Channel 0 Master
IDE Channel 0 Slave
IDE Channel 2 Master
IDE Channel 2 Slave
IDE Channel 3 Master
IDE Channel 3 Slave
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
[None]
Change the day, month,
year
Drive A
Drive B
Floppy 3 Mode Support
[1.44M, 3.5"]
[None]
[Disabled]
Halt On
[All, But Keyboard]
Base Memory
Extended Memory
Total Memory
640K
511M
512M
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
<Week>
Sun. to Sat.
<Month>
Jan. to Dec.
<Day>
1 to 31 (or maximum
allowed in the month)
<Year>
1999 to 2098
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Date
The date format is <week>, <month>, <day>, <year>.
Week
The week, from Sun to Sat, determined by the BIOS and is display only
Month
The month, Jan. Through Dec.
Day
The day, from 1 to 31 (or the maximum allowed in the month)
Year
The year, from 1999 through 2098
Time
The times format in <hour> <minute> <second>. The time is calculated base on the 24-hour militarytime clock. For example, 1 p.m. is 13:00:00.
IDE Channel 0 Master, Slave
IDE HDD Auto-Detection Press "Enter" to select this option for automatic device detection.
IDE Device Setup. You can use one of three methods:
• Auto
Allows BIOS to automatically detect IDE devices during POST(default)
• None
Select this if no IDE devices are used and the system will skip the automatic
detection step and allow for faster system start up.
• Manual
User can manually input the correct settings.
Access Mode Use this to set the access mode for the hard drive. The four options are:
CHS/LBA/Large/Auto(default:Auto)
Capacity
Capacity of currently installed hard disk.
Hard drive information should be labeled on the outside drive casing. Enter the appropriate option
based on this information.
Cylinder
Number of cylinders
Head
Number of heads
Precomp
Write precomp
Landing Zone Landing zone
Sector
Number of sectors
If a hard disk has not been installed, select NONE and press <Enter>.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 38 -
IDE HDD Auto-Detection Press "Enter" to select this option for automatic device detection.
Extended IDE Drive
SATA IDE devices setup. You can use one of two methods:
• Auto
Allows BIOS to automatically detect SATA IDE devices during POST(default)
• None
Select this if no SATA IDE devices are used and the system will skip the
automatic detection step and allow for faster system start up.
Access Mode Use this to set the access mode for the hard drive. The two options are:
Large/Auto(default:Auto)
Capacity
Capacity of currectly installed hard drive.
Hard drive information should be labeled on the outside drive casing. Enter the appropriate option
based on this information.
Cylinder
Number of cylinders
Head
Number of heads
Precomp
Write precomp
Landing Zone
Landing zone
Sector
Number of sectors
Drive A / Drive B
The category identifies the types of floppy disk drive A or drive B that has been installed in the
computer.
None
No floppy drive installed.
360K, 5.25"
5.25 inch PC-type standard drive; 360K byte capacity.
1.2M, 5.25"
5.25 inch AT-type high-density drive; 1.2M byte capacity.
(3.5 inch when 3 Mode is Enabled).
720K, 3.5"
3.5 inch double-sided drive; 720K byte capacity
.
1.44M, 3.5"
3.5 inch double-sided drive; 1.44M byte capacity.
2.88M, 3.5"
3.5 inch double-sided drive; 2.88M byte capacity.
Floppy 3 Mode Support (for Japan Area)
Disabled
Drive A
Drive B
Both
Normal Floppy Drive. (Default value)
Drive A is 3 mode Floppy Drive.
Drive B is 3 mode Floppy Drive.
Drive A & B are 3 mode Floppy Drives.
Halt on
The category determines whether the computer will stop if an error is detected during power up.
No Errors
The system boot will not stop for any error that may be detected and you
will be prompted.
All Errors
Whenever the BIOS detects a non-fatal error the system will be stopped.
All, But Keyboard The system boot will not stop for a keyboard error; it will stop for all other
errors. (Default value)
All, But Diskette
The system boot will not stop for a disk error; it will stop for all other errors.
All, But Disk/Key
The system boot will not stop for a keyboard or disk error; it will stop for all
other errors.
- 39 -
BIOS Setup
English
IDE Channel 2/3 Master
English
Memory
The category is display-only which is determined by POST (Power On Self Test) of the BIOS.
Base Memory
The POST of the BIOS will determine the amount of base (or conventional) memory installed in the
system.
The value of the base memory is typically 512K for systems with 512K memory installed on the
motherboard, or 640K for systems with 640K or more memory installed on the motherboard.
Extended Memory
The BIOS determines how much extended memory is present during the POST.
This is the amount of memory located above 1 MB in the CPU's memory address map.
Total Memory
This item displays the memory size that used.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 40 -
Advanced BIOS Features
English
2-2
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Advanced BIOS Features
` Hard Disk Boot Priority
BIOS Flash Protection
First Boot Device
Second Boot Device
Third Boot Device
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Boot Up Num-Lock
Password Check
Interrupt Mode
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
CPU Hyper-Threading #
Limit CPUID Max. to 3
No-Execute Memory Protect (Note)
CPU Enhanced Halt (C1E) (Note)
CPU Thermal Monitor 2(TM2) (Note)
CPU EIST Function (Note)
Virtualization Technology
Delay For HDD (Secs)
Init Display First
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
[Press Enter]
[Auto]
[Floppy]
[Hard Disk]
[CDROM]
[Disabled]
[On]
[Setup]
[APIC]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[0]
[PEG]
Non-ECC
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level`
Select Hard Disk Boot
Device Priority
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
" # " System will detect automatically and show up when you install the Intel ® Pentium ® 4
processor with HT Technology.
Hard Disk Boot Priority
Select boot sequence for onboard(or add-on cards) SCSI, RAID, etc.
Use < > or < > to select a device, then press<+> to move it up, or <-> to move it down the list.
Press <ESC> to exit this menu.
BIOS Flash Protection
This feature allows you determine the states that flash BIOS.
Auto
BIOS enables flash write access automatically when updating BIOS
data/DMI/ESCD. (Default Value)
Enabled
During POST, DMI/ESCD would not be updated. But flash tools can
update BIOS always.
First / Second / Third Boot Device
Floppy
LS120
Hard Disk
CDROM
ZIP
USB-FDD
USB-ZIP
USB-CDROM
USB-HDD
LAN
Disabled
(Note)
Select your boot device priority by Floppy.
Select your boot device priority by LS120.
Select your boot device priority by Hard Disk.
Select your boot device priority by CDROM.
Select your boot device priority by ZIP.
Select your boot device priority by USB-FDD.
Select your boot device priority by USB-ZIP.
Select your boot device priority by USB-CDROM.
Select your boot device priority by USB-HDD.
Select your boot device priority by LAN.
Disable this function.
This item will show up when you install a processor that supports this function.
- 41 -
BIOS Setup
English
Boot Up Floppy Seek
Boot Up Floppy SeekDuring POST, BIOS will determine the floppy disk drive installed
is 40 or 80 tracks. 360K type is40 tracks 720K, 1.2M and 1.44M are all 80 tracks.
Disabled
BIOS will not search for the type of floppy disk drive by track number. Note
that there will not be any warning message if the drive installed is 360K.
(Default value)
Enabled
BIOS searches for floppy disk drive to determine it is 40 or 80 tracks.
Note that BIOS can not tell from 720K, 1.2M or 1.44M drive type as they
areall 80tracks.
Boot Up Num-Lock
When set On, allows the BIOS to automatically enable the Num Lock Function when the systemboots
up.
On
Keypad is number keys. (Default value)
Off
Keypad is arrow keys.
Password Check
Setup
System
The system will boot but will not access to Setup page if the correct
password is not entered at the prompt. (Default value)
The system will not boot and will not access to Setup page if the correct
password is not entered at the prompt.
Interrupt Mode
PIC
PIC (8259 Programmable Interrupt Controller). Use the traditional method to
provide IRQs for the system.
APIC
APIC (Advanced Programmable Interrupt Controller). Provide more IRQs for the
system through IOAPIC. (Default value)
Note: BIOS will autodetect IOAPIC mode when an IOAPIC procoessor is installed. And your
operating system will be APIC-supported if you enable the APIC mode in BIOS before installing the
operating system.
However, if you replace the APIC processor with a non-APIC one or switch to PIC mode in BIOS,
you will not be able to enter the APIC operating system and will have to reinstall it.
HDD S.M.A.R.T. Capability
S.M.A.R.T. which allows your hard disk to report any read/write errors and issue a
warning when LDCM installed.
Enabled
Enabled HDD S.M.A.R.T. capability.
Disabled
Disabled HDD S.M.A.R.T. capability.(Default value)
CPU Hyper-Threading
Enabled
Disabled
(Note)
Enables CPU Hyper Threading Feature. Please note that this feature is only
working for operating system with multi processors mode supported. (Default
value)
Disables CPU Hyper Threading.
This item will show up when you install a processor that supports this function.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 42 -
Enabled
Disabled
Limit CPUID Maximum value to 3 when use older OS like NT4.
Disables CPUID Limit for windows XP.(Default value)
No-Execute Memory Protect (Note)
Enabled
Disabled
Enable No-Execute Memory Protect function.(Default value)
Disable No-Execute Memory Protect function.
CPU Enhanced Halt (C1E) (Note)
Enabled
Disabled
Enable CPU Enhanced Halt (C1E) function.(Default value)
Disable CPU Enhanced Halt (C1E) function.
CPU Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2) (Note)
Enabled
Disabled
Enable CPU Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2) function.(Default value)
Disable CPU Thermal Monitor 2 (TM2) function.
CPU EIST Function (Note)
Enabled
Disabled
Enable CPU EIST function.(Default value)
Disable CPU EIST function.
Virtualization Technology
Enabled
A VMM can utilize the additional hardware capabilities provided by
Virtualization Technology. (Default value)
Disabled this function.
Disabled
Delay For HDD (Secs)
Set delay HDD time from 0~15(secs).
Init Display First
This feature allows you to select the first initiation of the monitor display from which card when you
install a PCI card and a PCI Express VGA card on the motherboard.
PCI
Set Init Display First to PCI VGA card.
PEG
Set Init Display First to PCI Express VGA card (PCIE_16_1 slot). (Default value)
PEG2
Set Init Display First to PCI Express VGA card (PCIE_16_2 slot).
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
ECC
Non-ECC
Enable Memory Error Checking and Correction feature when all installed DIMMs
are 72bits width.
Set DRAM Data Integrity Mode to Non-ECC. (Default value)
- 43 -
BIOS Setup
English
Limit CPUID Max. to 3
English
2-3
Integrated Peripherals
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
SATA RAID/AHCI Mode
On-Chip SATA Mode
x PATA IDE Set to
SATA Port 0/2 Set to
SATA Port 1/3 Set to
USB Controller
USB 2.0 Controller
USB Keyboard Support
USB Mouse Support
Legacy USB storage detect
Onboard H/W Sound
Onboard H/W 1394
Onboard H/W GigaATA
Onboard H/W LAN
OnBoard LAN Boot ROM
Onboard Serial Port 1
i-Lock
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Auto]
Ch.0 Master/Slave
Ch.2 Master/Slave
Ch.3 Master/Slave
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[Enabled]
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level`
If a hard disk
controller card is
used, set at Disabled.
[Enabled]
Enable on-chip IDE
Port.
[Disabled]
Disable on-chip IDE
Port.
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
Enabled
Disabled
Enable onboard 1st channel IDE port. (Default value)
Disable onboard 1st channel IDE port.
SATA RAID / AHCI Mode
RAID
AHCI
Disabled
Set the onboard SATA controller to RAID mode.
Set the onboard SATA controller to AHCI mode. Advanced Host Controller
Interface (AHCI) is an interface specification that allows the storage driver to
enable advanced Serial ATA features such as Native Command Queuing
and hot plug. For more details about AHCI, please visit Intel's website.
Set the onboard SATA controller to IDE mode.(Default value)
On-Chip SATA Mode
Disabled
Auto
Combined
Enhanced
Non-Combined
Disable this function.
BIOS will detect automatically. (Default value)
Set On-Chip SATA mode to Combined, you can use up to 4 HDDs on the
motherboard; 2 for SATA and the other for PATA IDE.
Set On-Chip SATA mode to Enhanced, the motherboard allows up to 6 HDDs
to use.
Set On-Chip SATA mode to Non-Combined, SATA will be simulated to PATA
mode.
PATA IDE Set to
Ch.1 Master/Slave Set PATA IDE to Ch. 1 Master/Slave.
Ch.0 Master/Slave Set PATA IDE to Ch. 0 Master/Slave.(Default value)
SATA Port 0/2 Set to
This value will be automatically made by the setting "On-Chip SATA Mode" and "PATA IDE Set
to". If PATA IDE were set to Ch. 1 Master/Slave, this function will auto set to Ch. 0 Master/Slave.
SATA Port 1/3 Set to
This value will be automatically made by the setting "On-Chip SATA Mode" and "PATA IDE Set
to". If PATA IDE were set to Ch. 0 Master/Slave, this function will auto set to Ch. 1 Master/Slave.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 44 -
Enabled
Disabled
English
USB Controller
Enable USB controller. (Default value)
Disable USB controller.
USB 2.0 Controller
Disable this function if you are not using onboard USB 2.0 feature.
Enabled
Enable USB 2.0 controller. (Default value)
Disabled
Disable USB 2.0 controller.
USB Keyboard Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enable USB keyboard support.
Disable USB keyboard support. (Default value)
USB Mouse Support
Enabled
Disabled
Enable USB mouse support.
Disable USB mouse support. (Default value)
Onboard H/W Sound
Enabled
Disabled
Enable onboard sound. (Default value)
Disable this function.
Onboard H/W 1394
Enabled
Disabled
Enable onboard IEEE 1394 function. (Default value)
Disable this function.
Onboard H/W GigaATA
Enabled
Disabled
Enable onboard H/W GigaATA function. (Default value)
Disable this function.
Onboard H/W LAN
Enabled
Disabled
Enable onboard H/W LAN function. (Default value)
Disable this function.
OnBoard LAN Boot ROM
This function decide whether to invoke the boot ROM of the onboard LAN chip.
Enabled
Enable this function.
Disabled
Disable this function. (Default value)
Onboard Serial Port 1
Auto
3F8/IRQ4
2F8/IRQ3
3E8/IRQ4
2E8/IRQ3
Disabled
BIOS will automatically setup the port 1 address.
Enable onboard Serial port 1 and address is 3F8/IRQ4. (Default value)
Enable onboard Serial port 1 and address is 2F8/IRQ3.
Enable onboard Serial port 1 and address is 3E8/IRQ4.
Enable onboard Serial port 1 and address is 2E8/IRQ3.
Disable onboard Serial port 1.
i-Lock
Enabled
Disabled
Enable the i-Lock function. (Default value)
Disable the i-Lock function.
- 45 -
BIOS Setup
English
2-4
Power Management Setup
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Power Management Setup
ACPI Suspend Type
x USB Device Wake-Up From S3
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
PME Event Wake Up
Power On by Ring
Resume by Alarm
x Date (of Month) Alarm
x Time (hh:mm:ss) Alarm
Power On By Mouse
Power On By Keyboard
x KB Power ON Password
AC BACK Function
[S1(POS)]
Enabled
[Instant-Off]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
Everyday
0:0:0
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
Enter
[Soft-Off]
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level`
[S1]
Set suspend type to
Power On Suspend under
ACPI OS
[S3]
Set suspend type to
Suspend to RAM under
ACPI OS
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
ACPI Suspend Type
S1(POS)
S3(STR)
Set ACPI suspend type to S1/POS(Power On Suspend). (Default value)
Set ACPI suspend type to S3/STR(Suspend To RAM).
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
Instant-Off
Delay 4 Sec.
Press power button then Power off instantly. (Default value)
Press power button 4 seconds to Power off. Enter suspend if button is pressed less
than 4 seconds.
PME Event Wake Up
Disabled
Enabled
Disable this function.
Enable PME Event Wake up. (Default value)
Power On by Ring
Disabled
Enabled
Disable Power on by Ring function.
Enable Power on by Ring function. (Default value)
Resume by Alarm
You can set "Resume by Alarm" item to enabled and key in Date/Time to power on system.
Disabled
Disable this function. (Default value)
Enabled
Enable alarm function to POWER ON system.
If Resume by Alarm is Enabled.
Date (of Month) Alarm :
Everyday, 1~31
Time (hh: mm: ss) Alarm :
(0~23) : (0~59) : (0~59)
Power On By Mouse
Disabled
Double Click
Disabled this function. (Default value)
Double click on PS/2 mouse left button to power on the system.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 46 -
Password
Disabled
Keyboard 98
Enter from 1 to 5 characters to set the Keyboard Power On Password.
Disabled this function. (Default value)
If your keyboard have "POWER Key" button, you can press the key to power on
the system.
KB Power ON Password
When "Power On by Keyboard" set at Password, you can set the password here.
Enter
Input password (from 1 to 5 characters) and press Enter to set the Keyboard
Power On password.
AC BACK Function
Soft-Off
Full-On
Memory
2-5
When AC-power back to the system, the system will be in "Off" state.
(Default value)
When AC-power back to the system, the system always in "On" state.
When AC-power back to the system, the system will return to the Last state
before AC-power off.
PnP/PCI Configurations
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
PnP/PCI Configurations
Resources Controlled By
x IRQ Resources
PCI Latency Timer(CLK)
PCI 1 IRQ Assignment
PCI 2 IRQ Assignment
[Auto]
Press Enter
[32]
[Auto]
[Auto]
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level`
Device(s) using this
INT:
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Resources Controlled By
Auto
Manual
Assign PnP resource (I/O address, IRQ & DMA channels) for Plug
and Play compatible devices automatically (Default value)
Assign resource manually.
IRQ Resources (IRQ3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15)
PCI Device
Reserved
This IRQ assigns for PCI device. (Default value)
Reserved this IRQ for other device.
PCI Latency Timer (CLK)
Set PCI Latency Timer to 32, 64, 128. (Default value: 32)
- 47 -
BIOS Setup
English
Power On By Keyboard
English
PCI 1 IRQ Assignment
Auto
3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15
Auto assign IRQ to PCI 1. (Default value)
Set IRQ 3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15 to PCI 1.
PCI 2 IRQ Assignment
Auto
3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15
2-6
Auto assign IRQ to PCI 2. (Default value)
Set IRQ 3,4,5,7,9,10,11,12,14,15 to PCI 2.
PC Health Status
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
PC Health Status
Reset Case Open Status
Case Opened
Vcore
DDRV
+3.3V
+12V
Current CPU Temperature
Current CPU FAN Speed
Current POWER FAN Speed
Current SYSTEM FAN Speed
CPU Warning Temperature
CPU FAN Fail Warning
POWER FAN Fail Warning
SYSTEM FAN Fail Warning
CPU Smart FAN Control
CPU Smart FAN Mode
[Disabled]
No
OK
OK
OK
OK
33 oC
4687 RPM
0
RPM
0
RPM
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Auto]
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level`
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Reset Case Open Status
Disabled
Enabled
Don't reset case open status. (Default value)
Clear case open status at next boot.
Case Opened
If the case is closed, "Case Opened" will show "No". If the case has been opened, "Case Opened"
will show "Yes". If you want to reset "Case Opened" value, set "Reset Case Open Status" to
Enabled then save BIOS setup and restart your system.
Current Voltage(V) Vcore / DDRV / +3.3V / +12V
Detect system's voltage status automatically.
Current CPU Temperature
Detect CPU temperature automatically.
Current CPU/POWER/SYSTEM FAN Speed (RPM)
Detect CPU/POWER/SYSTEM fan speed status automatically.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 48 -
60 o C / 140 o F
70 o C / 158 o F
80 o C / 176 o F
90 o C / 194 o F
Disabled
English
CPU Warning Temperature
Monitor CPU temperature at 60o C / 140 oF.
Monitor CPU temperature at 70o C / 158 oF.
Monitor CPU temperature at 80o C / 176 oF.
Monitor CPU temperature at 90o C / 194 oF.
Disable this function. (Default value)
CPU/POWER/SYSTEM FAN Fail Warning
Disabled
Enabled
Disable fan fail warning function. (Default value)
Enable fan fail warning function.
CPU Smart FAN Control
Disabled Disable this function.
Enabled When this function is enabled, CPU fan will run at different speed depending on
CPU temperature. Users can adjust the fan speed with Easy Tune based on
their requirements. (Default value)
CPU Smart FAN Mode
This option is available only when CPU Smart FAN Control is enabled.
Auto
BIOS autodetects the type of CPU fan you installed and sets the optimal CPU Smart
FAN control mode for it. (Default value)
Voltage Set to Voltage when you use a CPU fan with a 3-pin fan power cable.
PWM
Set to PWM when you use a CPU fan with a 4-pin fan power cable.
Note: In fact, the Voltage option can be used for CPU fans with 3-pin or 4-pin power cables.
However, some 4-pin CPU fan power cables are not designed following Intel 4-Wire fans PWM
control specifications. With such CPU fans, selecting PWM will not effectively reduce the fan
speed.
- 49 -
BIOS Setup
English
2-7
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
C.A.M. (Note)
CPU Clock Ratio (Note)
Robust Graphics Booster
C.I.A. 2
CPU Host Clock Control
x CPU Host Frequency(Mhz)
x PCI Express Frequency(Mhz)
x PCI Frequency(Mhz)
System Memory Multiplier
Memory Frequency (Mhz)
DIMM OverVoltage Control
PCI-E OverVoltage Control
FSB OverVoltage Control
CPU Voltage Control
Normal CPU Vcore
CAS Latency Time
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay
DRAM RAS# Precharge
Active to Precharge Delay
[High]
[16X]
[Auto]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
200
Auto
Auto
[Auto]
533
[Normal]
[Normal]
[Normal]
[Normal]
1.3875V
Item Help
Menu Level`
CPU Adjustable Multipli
er
Set Clock Ratio For
Frequency-locked CPU
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
[Auto]
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Refresh Mode Select
M.I.B.2
x Vendor\Brand
x Component
x Size
[Auto]
[Auto]
Micron\Micron
3YB11 Z9BQT
512M
Item Help
Menu Level`
CPU Adjustable Multipli
er
Set Clock Ratio For
Frequency-locked CPU
KLJI: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Incorrect using these features may cause your system broken. For power end-user use only.
C.A.M. (Note)
High
Low
Set clock ratio for frequency-locked CPU to High. (Default value)
Set clock ratio for frequency-locked CPU to Low.
CPU Clock Ratio (Note)
This setup option will automatically assign by CPU detection.
The option will display "Locked" and read only if the CPU ratio is not changeable.
(Note) This item will show up when you install a processor that supports this function.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 50 -
Select the options can enhance the VGA graphics card bandwidth to get higher performance.
Auto
Set Robust Graphics Booster to Auto. (Default value)
Fast
Set Robust Graphics Booster to Fast.
Turbo
Set Robust Graphics Booster to Turbo.
C.I.A.2
C.I.A.2 (CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2) is designed to detect CPU loading during software program
executing, and automatically adjust CPU computing power to maximize system performance.
Disabled
Disable this function. (Default value)
Cruise
Set C.I.A.2 to Cruise. Automatically increase CPU frequency(5%,7%) by CPU
loading.
Sports
Set C.I.A.2 to Sports. Automatically increase CPU frequency(7%,9%) by CPU
loading.
Racing
Set C.I.A.2 to Racing. Automatically increase CPU frequency(9%,11%) by CPU
loading.
Turbo
Set C.I.A.2 to Turbo. Automatically increase CPU frequency(15,17%) by CPU
loading.
Full Thrust
Set C.I.A.2 to Full Thrust. Automatically increase CPU frequency(17%,19%) by
CPU loading.
Warning: Stability is highly dependent on system components.
CPU Host Clock Control
Disabled
Enabled
Disable CPU Host Clock Control. (Default value)
Enable CPU Host Clock Control.
CPU Host Frequency(Mhz)
100Mhz ~ 600Mhz
Set CPU Host Clock from 100Mhz to 600Mhz.
The actual range depends on the CPU you install.
If you use an 800Mhz FSB processor, please set CPU Host Frequency to 200Mhz.
If you use a 1066Mhz FSB processor, please set CPU Host Frequency to 266Mhz.
PCI Express Frequency(Mhz)
Auto
90Mhz ~ 150Mhz
Set PCI Express frequency automatically. (Default value)
Set PCI Express frequency from 90Mhz to 150Mhz.
Auto
33.3Mhz ~ 37.5Mhz
Set PCI frequency automatically. (Default value)
Set PCI frequency from 33.3Mhz to 37.5Mhz.
PCI Frequency(Mhz)
System Memory Multiplier
Wrong frequency may make system can't boot, clear CMOS to overcome wrong frequency issue.
for FSB(Front Side Bus) frequency=1066MHz,
1.50
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 1.50.
2.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.00.
2.50
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.50.
2.0+
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.0+.
2.66
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.66.
3.33
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 3.33.
3.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 3.00.
4.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 4.00.
Auto
Set Memory frequency by DRAM SPD data. (Default value)
- 51 -
BIOS Setup
English
Robust Graphics Booster
English
for FSB(Front Side Bus) frequency=800MHz,
2.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.00.
2.66
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.66.
3.33
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 3.33.
3.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 3.00.
4.00
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 4.00.
1.50
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 1.50.
2.0Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.0-.
2.50
Memory Frequency = Host clock X 2.50.
Auto
Set Memory frequency by DRAM SPD data. (Default value)
Memory Frequency (Mhz)
The values depend on CPU Host Frequency(Mhz) and System Memory Multiplier setting.
DIMM OverVoltage Control
Normal
+0.1V
+0.2V
+0.3V
+0.4V
+0.5V
+0.6V
+0.7V
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
DIMM
OverVoltage Control to Normal. (Default value)
OverVoltage Control to +0.1V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.2V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.3V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.4V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.5V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.6V.
OverVoltage Control to +0.7V.
PCI-E OverVoltage Control
Normal
+0.1V
+0.2V
+0.3V
+0.4V
+0.5V
+0.6V
+0.7V
Set PCI-E OverVoltrage Control to Normal. (Default value)
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.1V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.2V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.3V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.4V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.5V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.6V.
Set PCI-E OverVoltage Control to +0.7V.
FSB OverVoltage Control
Normal
+0.05V
+0.10V
+0.15V
+0.20V
+0.25V
+0.30V
+0.35V
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
FSB OverVoltrage Control to Normal. (Default value)
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.05V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.10V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.15V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.20V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.25V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.30V.
FSB OverVoltrage Control to +0.35V.
CPU Voltage Control
Supports adjustable CPU Vcore from 1.7500V to 1.5625V. (Default value: Normal)
Normal CPU Vcore
Display your CPU's normal voltage.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 52 -
This feature allows you to select the CAS latency Time, When any DDRII DIMM installed.
5
Set CAS latency Time is 5.
4
Set CAS latency Time is 4.
3
Set CAS latency Time is 3.
6
Set CAS latency Time is 6.
Auto Set CAS latency Time automatically. (Default Value)
DRAM RAS# to CAS# Delay
This feature allows you to set the delay time that from the DRAM RAS# active to CAS#.
2
Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay 2 SCLKs.
3
Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay 3 SCLKs.
4
Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay 4 SCLKs.
5
Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay 5 SCLKs.
6
Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay 6 SCLKs.
Auto Set DDRII RAM RAS# to CAS# delay time automatically. (Default Value)
DRAM RAS# Precharge
This feature allows you to set the DRAM RAS# Precharge Time.
2
Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge Time to 2.
3
Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge Time to 3.
4
Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge Time to 4.
5
Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge Time to 5.
6
Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge Time to 6.
Auto Set DDRII RAM RAS# Precharge time automatically. (Default Value)
Active to Precharge Delay
This feature allows you to set Active to Precharge Delay when any DDRII DIMM installed.
4~15 Set active to Precharge delay timing is 4~15 clk.
Auto Set active to Precharge delay timing automatically. (Default Value)
Refresh Mode Select
Set active to Refresh mode timing is 7.8 usec.
Set active to Refresh mode timing is 15.6 usec.
Set active to Refresh mode timing automatically.(Default Value)
M.I.B.2
M.I.B. 2(Memory Intelligent Booster 2) is designed especially to maximize memory
performance and boost memory bandwidth up to 10%.
Vendor \ Brand
Select the memory module that you use.
Options are: Micron\Micron, A-Data\Hynix, Kingston\Elpida, Pmi\Samsung, Kingstone\Infineon.
Compoent / Size
Displays the memory module compoent that you use.
Micron\Micron -->
3YB11 Z9BQT
512M
A-Data\Hynix -->
HY5PS12821
512M
Kingston\Elpida --> E5108AB-5C-E
512M
Pmi\Samsung -->
K4T51083QB-GCD5
512M
Kingstone\Infineon --> HYB18T51216DAC-3.7
256M
- 53 -
BIOS Setup
English
CAS Latency Time
English
2-8
Top Performance
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
`
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Top Performance
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Disabled.........................[„]
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
Enabled..........................[ ]
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
KL: Move
ESC: Quit
ESC: Abort
Exit Without Saving
ENTER: Accept
KLJI: Select Item
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
System will be set in best performance configuration ..
If you wish to maximize the performance of your system, set "Top Performance" as "Enabled".
Disabled Disable this function. (Default Value)
Enabled Enable Top Performance function.
"Top Performance" will increase hardware working speed. Different system configuration (both hardware component and OS) will effect the result. For example, the same hardware configuration might not
run properly with Windows XP, but works smoothly with Windows NT. Therefore, if your system is
not perform enough, the reliability or stability problem will appear sometimes, and we will recommend
you disabling the option to avoid the problem as mentioned above.
2-9
Select Language
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F3: Change Language
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Multi-language supports 7 languages. There are English, French, German, Spanish, Traditional Chinese,
Simplified Chinese, and Japanese.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 54 -
English
2-10 Load Fail-Safe Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
Select Language
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Set User Password
Load Fail-Safe DefaultsSave
(Y/N)?
N Setup
& Exit
Exit Without Saving
KLJI: Select Item
Esc: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Fail-Safe defaults contain the most appropriate values of the system parameters that allow minimum
system performance.
2-11 Load Optimized Defaults
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
Load Optimized DefaultsSet
(Y/N)?
User N
Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
KLJI: Select Item
Esc: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Selecting this field loads the factory defaults for BIOS and Chipset Features which the system automatically detects.
- 55 -
BIOS Setup
English
2-12 Set Supervisor/User Password
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
Enter Password:
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Top Performance
Esc: Quit
Exit Without Saving
KLJI: Select Item
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Change/Set/Disable Password
When you select this function, the following message will appear at the center of the screen to assist
you in creating a password.
Type the password, up to eight characters, and press <Enter>. You will be asked to confirm the
password. Type the password again and press <Enter>. You may also press <Esc> to abort the
selection and not enter a password.
To disable password, just press <Enter> when you are prompted to enter password. A message
"PASSWORD DISABLED" will appear to confirm the password being disabled. Once the password is
disabled, the system will boot and you can enter Setup freely.
The BIOS Setup program allows you to specify two separate passwords:
SUPERVISOR PASSWORD and a USER PASSWORD. When disabled, anyone may access all BIOS
Setup program function. When enabled, the Supervisor password is required for entering the BIOS
Setup program and having full configuration fields, the User password is required to access only basic
items.
If you select "System" at "Password Check" in Advance BIOS Features Menu, you will be prompted
for the password every time the system is rebooted or any time you try to enter Setup Menu.
If you select "Setup" at "Password Check" in Advance BIOS Features Menu, you will be prompted only
when you try to enter Setup.
2-13 Save & Exit Setup
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
Standard CMOS Features
Select Language
`
`
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
`
`
Power Management Setup
PnP/PCI Configurations
`
`
PC Health Status
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Supervisor
Password
Save to CMOS and EXITSet
(Y/N)?
Y
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
Top Performance
Esc: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
KLJI: Select Item
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Save & Exit Setup
Type "Y" will quit the Setup Utility and save the user setup value to RTC CMOS.
Type "N" will return to Setup Utility.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 56 -
English
2-14 Exit Without Saving
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
`
Standard CMOS Features
Select Language
`
`
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
`
`
Power Management Setup
PnP/PCI Configurations
`
`
PC Health Status
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Set Supervisor Password
Quit Without Saving (Y/N)? N
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
Top Performance
Esc: Quit
KLJI: Select Item
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Abandon all Data
Type "Y" will quit the Setup Utility without saving to RTC CMOS.
Type "N" will return to Setup Utility.
- 57 -
BIOS Setup
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 58 -
Pictures below are shown in Windows XP.
Insert the driver CD-title that came with your motherboard into your CD-ROM drive, the driver
CD-title will auto start and show the installation guide. If not, please double click the CD-ROM
device icon in "My computer", and execute the Run.exe.
3-1
Install Chipset Drivers
After insert the driver CD, "Xpress Install" will scan automatically the system and then list all the drivers that
recommended to install. Please pick the item that you want and press "install" followed the item; or you can
press "Xpress Install" to install all items defaulted.
Some device drivers will restart your system automatically. After restarting
your system the "Xpress Install" will continue to install other drivers.
System will reboot automatically after install the drivers, afterward you can
install others application.
For USB2.0 driver support under Windows XP operating system, please
use Windows Service Pack. After install Windows Service Pack, it will show
a question mark "?" in "Universal Serial Bus controller" under "Device
Manager". Please remove the question mark and restart the system (System
will auto-detect the right USB2.0 driver).
- 59 -
Drivers Installation
English
Chapter 3 Drivers Installation
English
3-2
Software Applications
This page displays all the tools that Gigabyte developed and some free software, you can choose anyone
you want and press "install" to install them.
3-3
Driver CD Information
This page lists the contents of software and drivers in this CD-title.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 60 -
Hardware Information
English
3-4
This page lists all device you have for this motherboard.
3-5
Contact Us
Please see the last page for details.
- 61 -
Drivers Installation
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 62 -
4-1
English
Chapter 4 Appendix
Unique Software Utilities
(Not all model support these Unique Software Utilities, please check your MB features.)
U-PLUS D.P.S. (Universal Plus Dual Power System)
The U-Plus Dual Power System (U-Plus DPS) is a revolutionary eight-phase power circuit
built for ultimate system protection. Designed to withstand varying current levels and
changes, the U-Plus D.P.S. provides an immensely durable and stable power circuit to the
CPU for solid system stability. These characteristics make it the ideal companion with the
latest LGA775 Intel® Pentium® 4 Processor as well as future Intel® processors. As well, 4
blue LED's are mounted on the U-Plus D.P.S. for intelligent indication of system loading.
M.I.T. (Motherboard Intelligent Tweaker)
Motherboard Intelligent Tweaker (M.I.T.) allows user to access and change BIOS feature
settings with relative speed and ease. Through GIGABYTE M.I.T. feature the user is no
longer required to switch into different modes within BIOS setup in order to change system
settings such as the CPU system bus, memory timings or to enabled Gigabyte's unique
C.I.A. 2 and M.I.B. 2 features. M.I.T.'s integration of all platform performance settings into
a single mode now gives any user the ability to control and enhance their computer system
to the desired level.
C.I.A.2 (CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2)
GIGABYTE CPU Intelligent Accelerator 2(C.I.A. 2) is designed to automatically adjust CPU
computing power to maximize system performance. When enabled, the program detects
the current CPU loading and automatically accelerates the CPU computing performance to
allow for a faster and smoother execution of programs. When the function is disabled, the
CPU is returned to its initial status.
M.I.B.2 (Memory Intelligent Booster 2)
Built on the original M.I.B., the new Memory Intelligent Booster 2 (M.I.B. 2) is designed
especially to maximize memory performance and boost memory bandwidth up to 10%.
With added branded memory module information, users are able to optimize memory
performance by selecting from a recommended memory module list.
S.O.S. (System Overclock Saver)
System Overclock Saver (S.O.S.) is a unique feature that eliminates system boot-up errors
resulting from system over-enhancement by the user. With GIGABYTE's proprietary
S.O.S. feature, users no longer need to open up the PC chassis and short-circuit the "Clear
CMOS" pins or the battery on the motherboard to reset the system back to factory default
settings. Instead, S.O.S. automatically resets the overclocked system settings back to their
factory defaults to provide a more user-friendly and reliable platform for users.
Download Center
Download Center allows users to quickly download and update their BIOS as well as the
latest drivers for their system. Download Center automatically runs a system check of the
user PC and provides the user with the current system information as well as displaying a
detailed list of all new drivers with the option for download.
C.O.M. (Corporate Online Management)
A web-based system management tool that allows system hardware information such as CPU,
memory, graphics card, etc. to be monitored and controlled via the Internet, C.O.M. allows
corporate MIS engineers to easily maintain corporate computers such as providing the most
up-to-date drivers and BIOS.(Do not use C.O.M. and @BIOS at the same time.)
- 63 -
Appendix
English
4-1-1 EasyTune 5 Introduction
EasyTune 5 presents the most convenient Windows based system performance enhancement and
manageability utility. Featuring several powerful yet easy to use tools such as 1) Overclocking for enhancing
system performance, 2) C.I.A. and M.I.B. for special enhancement for CPU and Memory, 3) Smart-Fan
control for managing fan speed control of both CPU cooling fan and North-Bridge Chipset cooling fan, 4) PC
health for monitoring system status.(Note)
User Interface Overview
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
(Note)
Button / Display
Overclocking
C.I.A./C.I.A.2 and M.I.B./M.I.B.2
Smart-Fan
PC Health
GO
"Easy Mode" & "Advance Mode"
Display screen
Function display LEDs
GIGABYTE Logo
Help button
Exit or Minimize button
Description
Enters the Overclocking setting page
Enters the C.I.A./2 and M.I.B./2 setting page
Enters the Smart-Fan setting page
Enters the PC Health setting page
Confirmation and Execution button
Toggles between Easy and Advance Mode
Display panel of CPU frequency
Shows the current functions status
Log on to GIGABYTE website
Display EasyTuneTM 5 Help file
Quit or Minimize EasyTune TM 5 software
EasyTune 5 functions may vary depending on different motherboards.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 64 -
Xpress Recovery2 is designed to provide quick backup and restoration of hard disk data. Supporting Microsoft operating systems including
Windows XP/2000/NT/98/Me and DOS, and file systems including
FAT16, FAT32, and NTFS, Xpress Recovery2 is able to back up data
on hard disks on PATA and SATA IDE controllers. After Xpress Recovery2 is executed from CD-ROM
for the first time, it will stay permanent in your hard disk. If you wish to run Xpress Recovery2 later, you
can simply press F9 during system bootup to enter Xpress Recovery2 without the CD-ROM.
System requirements:
1. Intel x86 platforms
2. At least 64M bytes of system memory
3. VESA-supported VGA cards
How to use the Xpress Recovery2
Initial access by booting from CD-ROM and subsequent access by pressing the F9 key:
Steps: After entering BIOS Setup, go to Advanced BIOS Feature and set to boot from CD-ROM. Save
the settings and exit the BIOS Setup. Insert the provided driver CD into your CD-ROM drive. Upon
system restart, the message which says "Boot from CD/DVD:" will appear in the bottom left corner
of the screen. Press any key to enter Xpress Recovery2.
After the steps above are completed, subsequent access to Xpress Recovery2 can be made
by simply pressing the <F9> key during system power-on.
.
.
Boot from CD/DVD:
Press any key to startup XpressRecovery2.....
Boot from CD/DVD:
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2004, Award Software, Inc.
Intel 945 BIOS for 8I945GME E7
.
.
.
.
<DEL>:BIOS Setup/Q-Flash, <F9>: Xpress Recovery2, <F12>For Boot Menu
11/07/2005-I945-6A79HG0GC-00
<F9> Xpress Recovery2
1. If you have already entered Xpress Recovery2 by booting from the CD-ROM, you can
enter Xpress Recovery2 by pressing the <F9> key in the future.
2. System storage capacity and the reading/writing speed of the hard disk will affect
the data backup speed.
3. It is recommended that Xpress Recovery2 be immediately installed once you complete installations of OS and all required drivers as well as software.
- 65 -
Appendix
English
4-1-2 Xpress Recovery2 Introduction
English
The Main Screen of Xpress Recovery2
1. RESTORE:
Restore the backed-up data to your hard disk.
(This button will not appear if there is no backup
file.)
2. BACKUP:
Back up data from hard disk.
3. REMOVE:
Remove previously-created backup files
to release disk space.
(This button will not appear if there is no backup
file.)
4. REBOOT:
Exit the main screen and restart the system.
Limitations:
1.
2.
3.
Not compatible to Xpress Recovery.
For the use of Xpress Recovery2, a primary partition must be reserved.
Xpress Recovery2 will store the backup file at the end of the hard disk, so free space available
on the hard disk for the backup file must be allocated in advance. (A minimum 4GB is recommended but the actual space is dependent on the size of the data to be backed up)
4. Capable of backing up hard disks installed with Windows operating systems including DOS and
Windows XP/2000/NT/9x/Me.
5. USB hard disks are currently not supported.
6. Does not support RAID/AHCI (class code 0104/0106) hard disks.
7. Capable of backing up and restoring only the first physical hard disk.
Hard disks detection sequence is as follows:
a. PATA IDE primary channel
b. PATA IDE secondary channel
c . SATA IDE channel 1
d. SATA IDE channel 2
e. SATA IDE channel 3
f. SATA IDE channel 4
Precautions:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
When using hard disks with more than 128G under Windows 2000, be sure to execute the
EnableBigLba.exe program from the driver CD before data backup.
It is normal that data backup takes longer time than data restoration.
Xpress Recovery2 is compliant with the GPL regulations.
On a few motherboards based on Nvidia chipsets, BIOS update is required for Xpress Recovery2
to correctly identify RAID and SATA IDE mode. Please contact your motherboard manufacturer.
Xpress Recovery2 supports only PATA hard disks and not SATA hard disks on the following
motherboards (As this is a BIOS-related issue, it can be solved by BIOS update)
GA-K8NXP-9
GA-8N-SLI Royal
GA-K8U
GA-K8N Ultra-9
GA-8N-SLI Pro
GA-K8U-9
GA-8N-SLI
GA-K8NF-9 (PCB Ver. 1.0)
GA-K8NXP-SLI
GA-K8NE (PCB Ver. 1.0)
GA-K8N Ultra-SLI
GA-K8NMF-9
GA-K8N Pro-SLI
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 66 -
A. What is Dual BIOS Technology?
Dual BIOS means that there are two system BIOS (ROM) on the
motherboard, one is the Main BIOS and the other is Backup BIOS.
Under the normal circumstances, the system works on the Main BIOS. If the Main BIOS is corrupted or
damaged, the Backup BIOS can take over while the system is powered on. This means that your PC
will still be able to run stably as if nothing has happened in your BIOS.
B. How to use Dual BIOS and Q-Flash Utility?
a. After power on the computer, pressing <Del> immediately during POST (Power On Self Test) it will
allow you to enter Award BIOS CMOS SETUP, then press <F8> to enter Flash utility.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
Standard CMOS Features
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
Power Management Setup
PnP/PCI Configurations
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
`
PC Health Status
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Exit Without Saving
KLJI: Select Item
ESC: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
b.
Dual BIOS / Q-Flash Programming Utility
Dual BIOS Utility V1.33
Boot From................................................. Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size...............................
Backup ROM Type/Size...........................
Wide Range Protection
Boot From
Auto Recovery
Halt On Error
SST 49LF004A
SST 49LF004A
512K
512K
Disable
Main Bios
Enable
Disable
Keep DMI Data
Enable
Copy Main ROM Data to Backup
Load Default Settings
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Update Main BIOS from Floppy
Update Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
PgDn/PgUp: Modify
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
KL: Move
ESC: Reset
- 67 -
F10: Power Off
Appendix
English
4-1-3 Flash BIOS Method Introduction
English
c.
Dual BIOS Item explanation:
Wide Range Protection: Disable(Default), Enable
Status 1:
If any failure (ex. Update ESCD failure, checksum error or reset? occurs in the Main BIOS, just before
the Operating System is loaded and after the power is on, and that the Wide Range Protection is set to
"Enable", the PC will boot from Backup BIOS automatically.
Status 2:
If the ROM BIOS on peripherals cards(ex. SCSI Cards, LAN Cards,..) emits signals torequest restart
of the system after the user make any alteration on it, the boot up BIOS will not be changed to the
Backup BIOS.
Boot From : Main BIOS(Default), Backup BIOS
Status 1:
The user can set to boot from main BIOS or Backup BIOS.
Status 2:
If one of the main BIOS or the Backup BIOS fails, this item "Boot From : Main BIOS(Default)" will
become gray and will not be changed by user.
Auto Recovery : Enable(Default), Disable
When one of the Main BIOS or Backup BIOS occurs checksum failure, the working BIOS will automatically recover the BIOS of checksum failure.
(In the Power Management Setup of the BIOS Setting, if ACPI Suspend Type is set to Suspend to RAM,
the Auto Recovery will be set to Enable automatically.)
(If you want to enter the BIOS setting, please press "Del" key when the boot screen appears.)
Halt On Error : Disable(Default), Enable
If the BIOS occurs a checksum error or the Main BIOS occurs a WIDE RANGE PROTECTION error and
Halt On Error set to Enable, the PC will show messages on the boot screen, and the system will pause
and wait for the user's instruction.
If Auto Recovery :Disable, it will show <or the other key to continue.>
If Auto Recovery :Enable, it will show <or the other key to Auto Recover.>
Keep DMI Data : Enable(Default), Disable
Enable: The DMI data won't be replaced by flashing new BIOS.(recommend)
Disable: The DMI data will be replaced by flashing new BIOS.
Copy Main ROM Data to Backup
(If you boot from Backup ROM, this item will change to Copy Backup ROM Data to Main)
Auto recovery message:
BIOS Recovery: Main to Backup
The means that the Main BIOS works normally and could automatically recover the Backup BIOS.
BIOS Recovery: Backup to Main
The means that the Backup BIOS works normally and could automatically recover the Main BIOS.
(This auto recovery utility is set by system automatically and can’t be changed by user.)
Load Default Settings
Load dual BIOS default value.
Save Settings to CMOS
Save revised setting.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 68 -
Q-Flash TM is a BIOS flash utility embedded in Flash ROM. With this utility,
users only have to stay in the BIOS menu when they want to update
BIOS. Q-Flash?allows users to flash BIOS without any utility in DOS or
Windows. Using Q-FlashTM indicating no more fooling around with any complicated instructions and
operating system since it is in the BIOS menu.
Please note that because updating BIOS has potential risk, please do it with caution!! We are
sorry that Gigabyte Technology Co., Ltd is not responsible for damages of system because of
incorrect manipulation of updating BIOS to avoid any claims from end-users.
Before You Begin:
Before you start updating BIOS with the Q-Flash TM utility, please follow the steps below first.
1.
2.
3.
Download the latest BIOS for your motherboard from Gigabyte's website.
Extract the BIOS file downloaded and save the BIOS file (the one with model name.Fxx. For
example, 8KNXPU.Fba) to a floppy disk.
Reboot your PC and press Del to enter BIOS menu.
The BIOS upgrading guides below are separated into two parts.
If your motherboard has dual-BIOS, please refer to Part One.
If your motherboard has single-BIOS, please refer to Part Two.
Part One:
Updating BIOS with Q-FlashTM Utility on Dual BIOS Motherboards.
Some of Gigabyte motherboards are equipped with dual BIOS. In the BIOS menu of the motherboards
supporting Q-Flash and Dual BIOS, the Q-Flash utility and Dual BIOS utility are combined in the same
screen. This section only deals with how to use Q-Flash utility.
In the following sections, we take GA-8KNXP Ultra as the example to guide you how to flash BIOS
from an older version to the latest version. For example, from Fa3 to Fba.
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star
Ally
The BIOS file is Fa3
before updating
Copyright (C) 1984-2003, Award Software, Inc.
Intel i875P AGPset BIOS for 8KNXP Ultra Fa3
Check System Health OK , VCore = 1.5250
Main Processor : Intel Pentium(R) 4 1.6GHz (133x12)
<CPUID : 0F27 Patch ID : 0027>
Memory Testing : 131072K OK
Memory Frequency 266 MHz in Single Channel
Primary Master : FUJITSU MPE3170AT ED-03-08
Primary Slave : None
Secondary Master : CREATIVEDVD-RM DVD1242E BC101
Secondary Slave : None
Press DEL to enter SETUP / Dual BIOS / Q-Flash / F9 For
Xpress Recovery
08/07/2003-i875P-6A79BG03C-00
- 69 -
Appendix
English
Method 1 : Q-FlashTM Utility
English
Entering the Q-FlashTM utility:
Step1: To use Q-Flash utility, you must press Del in the boot screen to enter BIOS menu.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F3: Change Language
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
Step 2: Press F8 button on your keyboard and then Y button to enter the Dual BIOS/Q-Flash utility.
Exploring the Q-FlashTM / Dual BIOS utility screen
The Q-Flash / Dual BIOS utility screen consists of the following key components.
Dual BIOS Utility
Boot From.........................................
Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size.............................SST 49LF003A
Backup ROM Type/Size.........................SST 49LF003A
Task menu for
Dual BIOS
utility
Task menu for
Q-FlashTM utility
Dual BIOS utility bar
512K
512K
Wide Range Protection Disable
Boot From Main Bios
Auto Recovery Enable
Halt On Error Disable
Copy Main ROM Data to Backup
Load Default Settings
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Load Main BIOS from Floppy
Load Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
Enter : Run
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
Q-FlashTM utility title
bar
Action bar
Task menu for Dual BIOS utility:
Contains the names of eight tasks and two item showing information about the BIOS ROM type. Blocking a
task and pressing Enter key on your keyboard to enable execution of the task.
Task menu for Q-Flash utility:
Contains the names of four tasks. Blocking a task and pressing Enter key on your keyboard to enable execution of the task.
Action bar:
Contains the names of four actions needed to operate the Q-Flash/Dual BIOS utility. Pressing the buttons
mentioned on your keyboards to perform these actions.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 70 -
This section tells you how to update BIOS using the Q-Flash utility. As described in the "Before you begin"
section above, you must prepare a floppy disk having the BIOS file for your motherboard and insert it to your
computer. If you have already put the floppy disk into your system and have entered the Q-Flash utility,
please follow the steps below to flash BIOS.
Steps:
1.
Press arrow buttons on your keyboard to move the light bar to "Load Main BIOS from Floppy" item in
the Q-Flash menu and press Enter button.
Later, you will see a box pop up showing the BIOS files you previously downloaded to the floppy disk.
If you want to save the current BIOS for backup purpose, you can begin Step 1 with "Save Main
BIOS to Floppy" item.
2. Move to the BIOS file you want to flash and press Enter.
In this example, we only download one BIOS file to the floppy disk so only one BIOS file,
8KNXPU.Fba, is listed.
Please confirm again you have the correct BIOS file for your motherboard.
Dual BIOS Utility
Boot From.........................................
Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size.............................SST 49LF003A
Backup ROM Type/Size.........................SST 49LF003A
512K
512K
Wide Range Protection Disable
1 file(s)Main
foundBios
Boot From
8KNXPU.Fba
512K
Auto Recovery Enable
Halt On Error Disable
Total size Copy
: 1.39M
Free
size
:
911.50K
Main ROM Data to Backup
F5 : Refresh
DEL : Delete
Load Default Settings
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Load Main BIOS from Floppy
Load Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
Enter : Run
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
BIOS file in the floppy
disk.
After pressing Enter, you'll then see the progress of reading the BIOS file from the floppy disk.
Dual BIOS Utility
Boot From.........................................
Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size.............................SST 49LF003A
Backup ROM Type/Size.........................SST 49LF003A
512K
512K
Wide Range Protection Disable
Boot From Main Bios
Reading BIOS file from floppy ...
Auto Recovery Enable
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.....................
Halt On Error Disable
Copy Main ROM Data to Backup
Don't Turn Off Power or Reset System
Load Default Settings
Enter : Run
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Load Main BIOS from Floppy
Load Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
Do not turn off power or
reset your system at this
stage!!
After BIOS file is read, you'll see a confirmation dialog box asking you "Are you sure to update BIOS?"
- 71 -
Appendix
English
Using the Q-FlashTM utility:
English
3. Press Y button on your keyboard after you are sure to update BIOS.
Then it will begin to update BIOS. The progress of updating BIOS will be displayed.
Please do not take out the floppy disk when it begins flashing BIOS.
4. Press any keys to return to the Q-Flash menu when the BIOS updating procedure is completed.
Dual BIOS Utility
Boot From.........................................
Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size.............................SST 49LF003A
Backup ROM Type/Size.........................SST 49LF003A
512K
512K
Wide Range Protection Disable
Boot From Main Bios
Auto
Recovery
Enable - Pass !!
!!
Copy
BIOS completed
Halt On Error Disable
Copy
Main
ROM
Data
Backup
Please press any key to continue
Load Default Settings
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Load Main BIOS from Floppy
Load Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
Enter : Run
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
5.
You can repeat Step 1 to
4 to flash the backup
BIOS, too.
Press Esc and then Y button to exit the Q-Flash utility. The computer will restart automatically after
you exit Q-Flash.
Dual BIOS Utility
Boot From.........................................
Main Bios
Main ROM Type/Size.............................SST 49LF003A
Backup ROM Type/Size.........................SST 49LF003A
512K
512K
Wide Range Protection Disable
Boot From Main Bios
AutoAre
Recovery
you sure Enable
to RESET ?
Halt On Error Disable
Copy
Main
ROM
Data
to Backup
[Enter] to continure or [Esc]
to abort...
Load Default Settings
Save Settings to CMOS
Q-Flash Utility
Load Main BIOS from Floppy
Load Backup BIOS from Floppy
Save Main BIOS to Floppy
Save Backup BIOS to Floppy
Enter : Run
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
After system reboots, you may find the BIOS version on your boot screen becomes the one you flashed.
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2003, Award Software, Inc.
The BIOS file
becomes Fab after
updating.
Intel i875P AGPset BIOS for 8KNXP Ultra Fba
Check System Health OK , VCore = 1.5250
Main Processor : Intel Pentium(R) 4 1.6GHz (133x12)
<CPUID : 0F27 Patch ID : 0027>
Memory Testing : 131072K OK
Memory Frequency 266 MHz in Single Channel
Primary Master : FUJITSU MPE3170AT ED-03-08
Primary Slave : None
Secondary Master : CREATIVEDVD-RM DVD1242E BC101
Secondary Slave : None
Press DEL to enter SETUP / Dual BIOS / Q-Flash / F9 For
Xpress Recovery
09/23/2003-i875P-6A79BG03C-00
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 72 -
Press Del to enter BIOS menu after system reboots. When you are in BIOS menu, move to
Load Fail-Safe Defaults item and press Enter to load BIOS Fail-Safe Defaults. Normally the system
redetects all devices after BIOS has been upgraded. Therefore, we highly recommend reloading the
BIOS defaults after BIOS has been upgraded.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
Standard CMOS Features
Select Language
`
`
Advanced BIOS Features
Integrated Peripherals
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
`
`
Power Management Setup
PnP/PCI Configurations
`
`
PC Health Status
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Set Supervisor
Password
Load Fail-Safe Defaults (Y/N)?
Y
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F3: Change Language
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
Press Y on your keyboard to load defaults.
7.
Select Save & Exit Setup item to save the settings to CMOS and exit the BIOS menu.
System will reboot after you exit the BIOS menu. The procedure is completed.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Select Language
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor
Password
Save to CMOS and EXIT (Y/N)?
Y
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Dual BIOS/Q-Flash
F3: Change Language
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
Press Y on your keyboard to save and exit.
Part Two:
Updating BIOS with Q-FlashTM Utility on Single-BIOS Motherboards.
This part guides users of single-BIOS motherboards how to update BIOS using the Q-Flash TM utility.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2004 Award Software
`
`
Standard CMOS Features
Advanced BIOS Features
Top Performance
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
`
`
Integrated Peripherals
Power Management Setup
Load Optimized Defaults
Set Supervisor Password
`
`
PnP/PCI Configurations
PC Health Status
Set User Password
Save & Exit Setup
`
MB Intelligent Tweaker(M.I.T.)
Exit Without Saving
ESC: Quit
F8: Q-Flash
F3: Change Language
F10: Save & Exit Setup
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type...
- 73 -
Appendix
English
6.
English
Exploring the Q-FlashTM utility screen
The Q-FlashBIOS utility screen consists of the following key components.
Q-FlashTM utility bar
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
Task menu for
Q-FlashTM utility
Enter : Run
Keep DMI Data Enable
Update BIOS from Floppy
Save BIOS to Floppy
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
256K
F10:Power Off
Action bar
Task menu for Q-Flash utility:
Contains the names of three tasks. Blocking a task and pressing Enter key on your keyboard to enable
execution of the task.
Action bar:
Contains the names of four actions needed to operate the Q-Flash utility. Pressing the buttons mentioned on
your keyboards to perform these actions.
Using the Q-FlashTM utility:
This section tells you how to update BIOS using the Q-Flash utility. As described in the "Before you begin"
section above, you must prepare a floppy disk having the BIOS file for your motherboard and insert it to your
computer. If you have already put the floppy disk into your system and have entered the Q-Flash utility,
please follow the steps below to flash BIOS.
Steps:
1.
Press arrow buttons on your keyboard to move the light bar to "Update BIOS from Floppy" item in the
Q-Flash menu and press Enter button.
Later, you will see a box pop up showing the BIOS files you previously downloaded to the floppy disk.
If you want to save the current BIOS for backup purpose, you can begin Step 1 with "Save BIOS
to Floppy" item.
2.
Move to the BIOS file you want to flash and press Enter.
In this example, we only download one BIOS file to the floppy disk so only one BIOS file,
8GE800.F4, is listed.
Please confirm again you have the correct BIOS file for your motherboard.
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
256K
1 file(s) found
8GE800.F4Keep DMI Data Enable
256K
Update BIOS from Floppy
Save
BIOS
to
Floppy
Total size : 1.39M
Free size : 1.14M
Enter
ESC:Reset
F5: :Run
Refresh KL:Move
DEL : Delete F10:Power Off
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
Keep
Reading BIOS
fileDMI
fromData
floppyEnable
...
Update BIOS from Floppy
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.....................
Save BIOS to Floppy
EnterDon't
: RunTurn OffKL:Move
Power or ResetESC:Reset
System
BIOS file in the floppy
disk.
256K
Do not turn off power or
reset your system at
F10:Power Off
this stage!!
After BIOS file is read, you'll see a confirmation dialog box asking you "Are you sure to update BIOS?"
Please do not take out the floppy disk when it begins flashing BIOS.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 74 -
Press Y button on your keyboard after you are sure to update BIOS.
Then it will begin to update BIOS. The progress of updating BIOS will be shown at the same time.
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
256K
Keep DMI
Data BIOS
Enable
Updating
Now
Update BIOS from Floppy
>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>.........................
Save BIOS to Floppy
EnterDon't
: RunTurn OffKL:Move
F10:Power Off
Power or ResetESC:Reset
System
4.
reset your system
at this stage!!
Press any keys to return to the Q-Flash menu when the BIOS updating procedure is completed.
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
Enter : Run
5.
Do not turn off power or
256K
Keep DMI Data Enable
!! Copy
BIOSBIOS
completed
- Pass !!
Update
from Floppy
Save BIOS to Floppy
Please press any key to continue
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
Press Esc and then Y button to exit the Q-Flash utility. The computer will restart automatically after
you exit Q-Flash.
Q-Flash Utility V1.30
Flash Type/Size.................................SST 49LF003A
256K
Keep DMI Data Enable
Are
you sure
RESET
?
Update
BIOStofrom
Floppy
Save BIOS to Floppy
[Enter] to continure or [Esc] to abort...
Enter : Run
KL:Move
ESC:Reset
F10:Power Off
After system reboots, you may find the BIOS version on your boot screen becomes the one you flashed.
Award Modular BIOS v6.00PG, An Energy Star Ally
Copyright (C) 1984-2003, Award Software, Inc.
The BIOS file
becomes F4 after
updating
Intel 845GE AGPSet BIOS for 8GE800 F4
Check System Health OK
Main Processor : Intel Pentium(R) 4 1.7GHz (100x17.0)
<CPUID : 0F0A Patch ID : 0009>
Memory Testing : 122880K OK + 8192K Shared Memory
Primary Master : FUJITSU MPE3170AT ED-03-08
Primary Slave : None
Secondary Master : CREATIVEDVD-RM DVD1242E BC101
Secondary Slave : None
Press DEL to enter SETUP / Q-Flash
03/18/2003-I845GE-6A69YG01C-00
6.
Press Del to enter BIOS menu after system reboots and "Load BIOS Fail-Safe Defaults". See how
to Load BIOS Fail-Safe Defaults, please kindly refer to Step 6 to 7 in Part One.
Congratulation!! You have updated BIOS successfully!!
- 75 -
Appendix
English
3.
English
Method 2 : @BIOSTM Utility
If you do not have a DOS startup disk, we recommend that you use the
new @BIOS utility. @BIOS allows users to update their BIOS under
Windows. Just select the desired @BIOS server to download the latest
version of BIOS.
Fig 1. Installing the @BIOS utility
Fig 2. Installation Complete and Run @BIOS
Click Start/ Programs/ GIGABYTE/@BIOS
Select @BIOS item than click Install
Fig 3. The @BIOS Utility
Click "3"
Fig 4. Select the desired @BIOS server
Click "Update New BIOS"
1. Methods and steps:
I. Update BIOS through Internet
a. Click "Internet Update" icon
b. Click "Update New BIOS" icon
c . Select @BIOS TM sever
d. Select the exact model name on your motherboard
e. System will automatically download and update the BIOS.
II. Update BIOS NOT through Internet:
a. Do not click "Internet Update" icon
b. Click "Update New BIOS"
c. Please select "All Files" in dialog box while opening the old file.
d. Please search for BIOS unzip file, downloading from internet or any other methods (such as:
G1975X.F1).
e. Complete update process following the instruction.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 76 -
IV. Check out supported motherboard and Flash ROM:
In the very beginning, there is "About this program" icon shown in dialog box. It can help you check out
which kind of motherboard and which brand of Flash ROM are supported.
2. Note:
I.
In method I, if it shows two or more motherboard's model names to be selected, please make
sure your motherboard's model name again. Selecting wrong model name will cause the
system unbooted.
II. In method II, be sure that motherboard's model name in BIOS unzip file are the same as your
motherboard's. Otherwise, your system won't boot.
III. In method I, if the BIOS file you need cannot be found in @BIOSTM server, please go onto
Gigabyte's web site for downloading and updating it according to method II.
IV. Please note that any interruption during updating will cause system unbooted
V. Do not use @BIOS and C.O.M. (Corporate Online Management) at the same time.
- 77 -
Appendix
English
III. Save BIOS
In the very beginning, there is "Save Current BIOS" icon shown in dialog box. It means to save the
current BIOS version.
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 78 -
English
4-1-4 Configuring SATA Hard Drive(s) (Controller: Intel ICH7R)
To configure SATA hard drive(s), follow the steps below:
(1)
(2)
(3)*
(4)
Install SATA hard drive(s) in your system.
Configure SATA controller mode and boot sequence in BIOS Setup.
Configure RAID set in RAID BIOS.
Make a floppy disk containing the SATA controller driver.
(5) Install the SATA controller driver during OS installation.
Before you begin
Please prepare:
(a) Two SATA hard drives (to ensure optimal performance, it is recommended that you use two hard
drives with identical model and capacity). If you do not want to create RAID with the SATA
controller, you may prepare only one hard drive.
(b) An empty formatted floppy disk.
(c) Windows XP/2000 setup disk.
(d) Driver CD for your motherboard.
(1)
Installing SATA hard drive(s) in your computer
Attach one end of the SATA signal cable to the rear of the SATA hard drive and the other end to available
SATA 3Gb/s port(s) on the motherboard. Then connect the power connector from your power supply to
the hard drive.
"*" Skip this step if you do not want to create RAID array on the SATA controller
- 79 -
Appendix
English
(2)
Configuring SATA controller mode and boot sequence in BIOS Setup
You have to make sure whether the SATA controller is configured correctly in system BIOS Setup and
set BIOS boot sequence for the SATA hard drive(s).
Step 1:
Turn on your computer and press Del to enter BIOS Setup during POST (Power-On Self Test). If you
want to create RAID, set SATA RAID/AHCI Mode under the Integrated Peripherals menu to RAID
(Disabled by default). Then, set On-Chip SATA Mode to Manual or Auto (default) based on your
own requirements.
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Integrated Peripherals
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
SATA RAID/AHCI Mode
On-Chip SATA Mode
x PATA IDE Set to
SATA Port 0/2 Set to
SATA Port 1/3 Set to
USB Controller
USB 2.0 Controller
USB Keyboard Support
USB Mouse Support
Legacy USB storage detect
Onboard H/W Sound
Onboard H/W 1394
Onboard H/W GigaATA
Onboard H/W LAN
OnBoard LAN Boot ROM
Onboard Serial Port 1
i-Lock
[Enabled]
[RAID]
[Auto]
Ch.0 Master/Slave
Ch.2 Master/Slave
Ch.3 Master/Slave
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[3F8/IRQ4]
[Enabled]
: Move
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F3: Language
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
If a hard disk
controller card is
used, set at Disabled.
[Enabled]
Enable on-chip IDE
Port.
[Disabled]
Disable on-chip IDE
Port.
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Figure 1
The BIOS Setup menus described in this section may not show the exact settings for your
motherboard. The actual BIOS Setup menu options you will see shall depend on the motherboard
you have and the BIOS version.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 80 -
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Hard Disk Boot Priority
1. SCSI-0
:
2. Bootable Add-in Cards
Intel Volume0
Item Help
Menu Level
Use < > or < > to
select a device, then
press <+> to move it
up, or <-> to move it
down the list. Press
<ESC> to exit this
menu.
: Move
PU/PD/+/-: Change Priority
F10: Save
ESC: Exit
Figure 2
Step 3:
Set First Boot Device under the Advanced BIOS Features menu to CD-ROM to boot from CD-ROM
after system restarts (Figure 3).
CMOS Setup Utility-Copyright (C) 1984-2005 Award Software
Advanced BIOS Features
Hard Disk Boot Priority
First Boot Device
Second Boot Device
Third Boot Device
Password Check
# CPU Hyper-Threading
Limit CPUID Max. to 3
No-Execute Memory Protect
CPU Enhanced Halt (C1E)
CPU Thermal Monitor 2(TM2)
CPU EIST Function (µù)
: Move
F3: Language
[Press Enter]
[CDROM]
[Hard Disk]
[CDROM]
[Setup]
[Enabled]
[Disabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
[Enabled]
Enter: Select
+/-/PU/PD: Value
F10: Save
F5: Previous Values
F6: Fail-Safe Defaults
Item Help
Menu Level
Select Hard Disk Boot
Device Priority
ESC: Exit
F1: General Help
F7: Optimized Defaults
Figure 3
Step 4:
Save and exit BIOS Setup.
- 81 -
Appendix
English
Step 2:
Later, select Hard Disk Boot Priority under the Advanced BIOS Features menu. In the Hard Disk
Boot Priority submenu, select the model of the SATA hard drive onto which you intent to install
Microsoft Windows 2000/XP (Figure 2).
English
(3)
Configuring RAID set in RAID BIOS
Enter the RAID BIOS setup utility to configure a RAID array. Skip this step and proceed to Section 4 if
you do not want to create RAID.
Step 1:
After the POST memory test begins and before the operating system boot begins, look for a message
which says "Press <Ctrl-I> to enter Configuration utility" (Figure 4). Press CTRL+ I to enter the RAID
BIOS setup utility.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
RAID Volumes :
None Defined.
Physical Disks :
Port
Driver Model
0
ST3120026AS
1
ST3120026AS
Serial #
3JT354CP
3JT329JX
Size
Type/Status(Vol ID)
111.7GB Non-RAID Disk
111.7GB Non-RAID Disk
Press <CTRL - I> to enter Configuration Utility
Figure 4
Step 2:
After you press CTRL+ I, the Create RAID Volume screen will appear (Figure 5).
Create RAID Volume¡G
If you want to create RAID array, select Create RAID Volume in Main Menu and press ENTER.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ MAIN MENU ]
1.Create RAID Volume
2. Delete RAID Volume
3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID
4. Exit
[ DISK/VOLUME INFORMATION ]
RAID Volumes :
None Defined.
Physical Disks :
Port
Driver Model
0
ST3120026AS
1
ST3120026AS
[
]-Select
Serial #
3JT354CP
3JT329JX
Size
Type/Status(Vol ID)
111.7GB Non-RAID Disk
111.7GB Non-RAID Disk
[ESC]-Exit
Figure 5
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 82 -
[ENTER]-Select Menu
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name : RAID_Volume0
RAID Level : RAID0(Stripe)
Disks : Select Disks
Strip Size : 128KB
Capacity : 223.6 GB
Create Volume
[ HELP ]
RAID0RAID1RAID10RAID5-
[
]-Change
Choose the RAID level best suited to your usage model.
Data striped across multiple physical drives for performance.
Data mirrored across multiple physical drives for redundancy.
Striped volume whose segments are RAID1 volumes. Requires
four hard drives. Functionally equivalent to RAID0+1.
Data and parity striped across three or more physical drives
for performance and redundancy.
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
Figure 6
Step 4:
Set the stripe block size (Figure 7). The KB is the standard unit of stripe block size. The stripe block size
can be set from 4KB to 128KB. After the setting, press ENTER to set array capacity.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name : RAID_Volume0
RAID Level : RAID0(Stripe)
Disks : Select Disks
Strip Size : 128KB
Capacity : 223.6 GB
Create Volume
[ HELP ]
The following are typical values:
RAID0 - 128KB
RAID10 - 64KB
RAID5 - 64KB
[
]-Change
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
Figure 7
- 83 -
Appendix
English
Step 3:
After entering the Create Volume Menu screen, name the disk array with 1~16 letters (letters cannot be
special characters) under the Name item. When finished, press ENTER to select a RAID level (Figure
6). There are four RAID levels: RAID0, RAID1, RAID10 and RAID5. Select a RAID level and press
ENTER.
English
Step 5:
After setting all the items above, select Create Volume and press ENTER (Figure 8) to begin the creation
of the RAID array.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name : RAID_Volume0
RAID Level : RAID0(Stripe)
Disks : Select Disks
Strip Size : 128KB
Capacity : 223.6 GB
Create Volume
[ HELP ]
Enter the volume capacity. The default value indicates the
maximum volume capacity using the selected disks. If less
than the maximum capacity is chosen, creation of a second
volume is needed to utilize the remaining space.
[
]-Change
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
[ENTER]-Select
Figure 8
Step 6:
When prompted to confirm whether to create this volume, press Y to create or N to cancel.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ CREATE VOLUME MENU ]
Name : RAID_Volume0
RAID Level : RAID0(Stripe)
Disks : Select Disks
Strip Size : 128KB
Capacity : 223.6 GB
Create Volume
WARNING : ALL DATA ON [SELECTED
DISKS WILL BE LOST.
HELP ]
Are you sure you want to creat this volume? (Y/N) :
Press "ENTER" to Create the specified volume
[
]-Change
[TAB]-Next
[ESC]-Previous Menu
Figure 9
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 84 -
[ENTER]-Select
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ MAIN MENU ]
1. Create RAID Volume
2. Delete RAID Volume
3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID
4. Exit
[ DISK/VOLUME INFORMATION ]
RAID Volumes :
ID
Name
0
Volume0
Level
RAID(Stripe)
Physical Disks :
Port
Driver Model
0
ST3120026AS
1
ST3120026AS
Serial #
3JT354CP
3JT329JX
[
]-Select
Strip
128KB
Size
223.6GB
Status
Normal
Size
111.8GB
111.8GB
Type/Status(Vol ID)
Member Disk(0)
Member Disk(0)
[ESC]-Exit
Bootable
Yes
[ENTER]-Select Menu
Figure 10
Delete RAID Volume
If you want to delete a RAID volume, select the Delete RAID Volume option in Main Menu. Press
ENTER and follow on-screen instructions.
Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager option ROM V5.0.0.1032 ICH7R wRAID5
Copyright(C) 2003-05 Intel Corporation. All Rights Reversed.
[ MAIN MENU ]
1. Create RAID Volume
2. Delete RAID Volume
3. Reset Disks to Non-RAID
4. Exit
[ DISK/VOLUME INFORMATION ]
RAID Volumes :
ID
Name
0
Volume0
Level
RAID(Stripe)
Physical Disks :
Port
Driver Model
0
ST3120026AS
1
ST3120026AS
Serial #
3JT354CP
3JT329JX
[
]-Select
Strip
128KB
[ESC]-Exit
Size
223.6GB
Status
Normal
Bootable
Yes
Size
111.8GB
111.8GB
Type/Status(Vol ID)
Member Disk(0)
Member Disk(0)
[ENTER]-Select Menu
To exit the ICH7R RAID BIOS utility, press ESC in Main Menu.
Now, you can proceed to the installation of the SATA driver and operating system.
- 85 -
Appendix
English
After the creation is completed, you can see detailed information about the RAID Array in the DISK/
VOLUME INFORMATION section, including RAID mode, disk block size, disk name, and disk capacity,
etc.
English
(4)
Making a SATA Driver Disk
To install operating system onto a serial ATA hard disk successfully, you need to install the SATA
controller driver during OS installation. Without the driver, the hard disk may not be recognized during
the Windows setup process. First of all, copy the driver for the SATA controller from the motherboard
driver CD-ROM to a floppy disk. See the instructions below about how to copy the driver in MS-DOS
mode (Note1). Prepare a startup disk that has CD-ROM support and a blank formatted floppy disk.
Step 1: Insert the prepared startup disk and motherboard driver CD-ROM in your system. Boot from the
startup disk. Once at the A:\> prompt, change to the CD-ROM drive (example: D:\>). At the D:\>
prompt, type the following two commands. Press ENTER after each command (Fig.12):
cd bootdrv
menu
Step 2: When the controller menu (Fig.13) appears, remove the startup disk and insert the blank
formatted disk. Select the controller driver by pressing the corresponding letter from the menu.
For example, from the menu in Figure 13, press 7 to select Intel Matrix Storage Manager 32 bit for
Windows operating system(Note 2) . Your system will then automatically zip and transfer this driver file to
the floppy disk. Press 0 to exit when finished.
Fig.12
Fig. 13
(Note 1) For users without a startup disk:
Use an alternative system and insert the GIGABYTE motherboard driver CD-ROM. From the
CD-ROM drive folder, double click the MENU.exe file in the BootDrv folder (Figure 14). A
command prompt window will open similar to that in Fig. 13.
Fig. 14
(Note 2) For 64-bit Windows Operating System, please select Intel(R) Matrix Storage Manager
64bit.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 86 -
Installing SATA controller driver during OS installation
Now that you have prepared the SATA driver disk and configured BIOS settings, you are ready to install
Windows 2000/XP onto your SATA hard drive with the SATA driver. The following is an example of
Windows XP installation.
Step 1: Restart your system to boot from the Windows 2000/XP Setup disk and press F6 as soon as
you see the "Press F6 if you need to install a 3rd party SCSI or RAID driver" message (Figure 15). After
pressing F6, there will be a few moments of some files being loaded before you see the next screen.
Windows Setup
Press F6 if you need to install a 3rd party SCSI or RAID driver.
Figure 15
Step 2:
When a screen similar to that below appears, insert the floppy disk containing the SATA driver and press
S (Figure 16).
Windows Setup
Setup could not determine the type of one or more mass storage devices
installed in your system, or you have chosen to manually specify an adapter.
Currently, Setup will load support for the following mass storage devices(s)
<none>
* To specify additional SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, or special
disk controllers for use with Windows, including those for
which you have a device support disk from a mass storage device
manufacturer, press S.
* If you do not have any device support disks from a mass storage
device manufacturer, or do not want to specify additional
mass storage devices for use with Windows, press ENTER.
S=Specify Additional Device ENTER=Continue F3=Exit
Figure 16
- 87 -
Appendix
English
(5)
English
Step 3:
Use the ARROW keys on your keyboard to select Intel(R) 82801 GR/GH SATA RAID Controller
(Desktop ICH7R/DH)* (Figure 17) and press ENTER. Then the system will load the SATA driver from
the floppy disk.
Windows Setup
You have chosen to configure a SCSI Adapter for use with Windows,
using a device support disk provided by an adapter manufacturer.
Select the SCSI Adapter you want from the following list, or press ESC
to return to the previous screen.
Intel(R) 82801 GR/GH SATA RAID Controller (Desktop ICH7R/DH)
Intel(R) 82801 GR/GH SATA AHCI Controller (Desktop ICH7R/DH)
Intel(R) 82801 FR SATA RAID Controller (Desktop ICH6R)
Intel(R) 82801 FR SATA AHCI Controller (Desktop ICH6R)
ENTER=Select F3=Exit
Figure 17
If a message appears saying one or some file(s) cannot be found, please check the floppy
disk or copy the correct SATA driver again from the motherboard driver CD.
Step 4:
When the screen as shown below appears, press ENTER to continue the SATA driver installation from
the floppy disk. The driver installation will be finished in about one minute.
Windows Setup
Setup will load support for the following mass storage device(s):
Intel(R) 82801 GR/GH SATA RAID Controller (Desktop ICH7R/DH)
* To specify additional SCSI adapters, CD-ROM drives, or special
disk controllers for use with Windows, including those for
which you have a device support disk from a mass storage device
manufacturer, press S.
* If you do not have any device support disks from a mass storage
device manufacturer, or do not want to specify additional
mass storage devices for use with Windows, press ENTER.
S=Specify Additional Device ENTER=Continue F3=Exit
Figure 18
"*" If you set the SATA RAID/AHCI Mode item in BIOS Setup to AHCI mode, please select
Intel(R) 82801 GR/GH SATA AHCI Controller (Desktop ICH7R/DH).
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 88 -
WindowsXP Professional Setup
Welcome to Setup.
This port of the Setup program prepares Microsoft(R)
Windows (R) XP to run on your computer.
To set up Windows XP now, press ENTER.
To repair a Windows XP installation using
Recovery Console, press R.
To quit Setup without installing Windows XP, press F3.
Enter= Continue
R=Repair
F3=Exit
Figure 19
(Note: Each time you add a new hard drive to a RAID array, the RAID driver will have to be installed
under Windows once for that hard drive. After that, the driver will not have to be installed.)
- 89 -
Appendix
English
After the SATA controller driver installation is completed, you should see a screen as below. It indicates
that you have installed the SATA controller driver successfully. You can proceed with the Windows
2000/XP installation.
English
4-1-5 2- / 4- / 5.1- / 6.1- / 7.1- Channel Audio Function
Introduction
Please follow the steps below for speakers configurations.
(Following pictures are in Windows XP.)
For users who wish to configure 4/4.1 channel, 5.1 channel, 6.1 channel, and 7.1 channel
speakers, they MUST use the Audio Combo Kit.
Accessing Creative Speaker Settings
Method One:
After installation of the audio driver, you should find
a Creative Volume Control icon
in your system
tray. Double-click the icon to open the Creative
Audio Control Panel.
To configure speakers, click the Speaker Settings
icon.
Creative Audio Control Panel
Method Two:
On the taskbar, click Start -> Program -> Creative -> Sound Blaster Live 24-bit -> Creative
Speaker Settings.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 90 -
We recommend that you use the speaker with amplifier to acquire the best sound effect if the stereo
output is applied.
STEP 1 :
Connect the 2/2.1 channel speakers (headphone)
to the Line Out jack.
Line Out
STEP 2:
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative Speaker
Settings, click 2/2.1 Speakers in the Speaker/
Headphone Selection list. After completion, you
can click the Channel/Noise button to check
whether the speaker selection corresponds to your
speaker or headphone configuration.
Configuring Multi-Channel Speakers with Audio Combo Kit
Audio Combo Kit includes a Surround-Kit and a
SPDIF Output module (Note) . If you wish to set up a
multi-channel speaker configuration, you MUST
use the Surround-Kit. The Surround-Kit offers rear
surround, center/subwoofer output and side
surround.
Surround Kit
Installing Audio Combo Kit
SPDIF Output module
STEP 1:
Secure the Audio Combo Kit bracket to a free PCI
slot.
(Note)
The Audio Combo Kit provides only Surround Kit and SPDIF Out module, SPDIF In module is
an optional device. Please contact your dealer for the SPDIF In module.
- 91 Appendix
English
2/2.1 Channel Speaker Configurations
English
STEP 2:
Connect the Surround-Kit to the SUR_CEN connector located on the motherboard. Then the installation
is completed.
4/4.1 Channel Speaker Configurations
Front Speaker Out
STEP 1 :
Connect the 4/4.1 channel speakers to the Line
Out (Front Speaker Out) jack in the back panel and
the Rear Speaker Out jack on the Surround Kit.
STEP 2:
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative Speaker
Settings, click 4/4.1 Speakers in the Speaker/
Headphone Selection list. After completion, you
can click the Channel/Noise button to check
whether the speaker selection corresponds to your
speaker configuration.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 92 -
Rear Speaker Out
Front Speaker Out
Rear Speaker C e n t e r / S u b w o o f e r
Speaker Out
Out
STEP 1 :
Connect the 5.1 channel speakers to the Line Out
(Front Speaker Out) jack in the back panel and the
Rear Speaker Out, Center/Subwoofer Speaker
Out jacks on the Surround Kit.
STEP 2:
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative Speaker
Settings, click 5.1 Speakers in the Speaker/Headphone Selection list. After completion, you can
click the Channel/Noise button to check whether
the speaker selection corresponds to your speaker
configuration.
6.1 Channel Speaker Configurations
Front Speaker Out
Rear Speaker Out
Rear Center Speaker Out
STEP 1 :
Connect the 6.1 channel speakers to the Line Out
(Front Speaker Out) jack in the back panel and the
Rear Speaker Out, Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out,
Side Speaker (Rear Center Speaker) Out jacks on
the Surround Kit.
Center/Subwoofer
Speaker Out
STEP 2:
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative Speaker
Settings, click 6.1 Speakers in the Speaker/Headphone Selection list. After completion, you can
click the Channel/Noise button to check whether
the speaker selection corresponds to your speaker
configuration.
- 93 -
Appendix
English
5.1 Channel Speaker Configurations
English
7.1 Channel Speaker Configurations
Front Speaker Out
Rear Speaker Out
Side Speaker Out
STEP 1 :
Connect the 7.1 channel speakers to the Line Out
(Front Speaker Out) jack in the back panel and the
Rear Speaker Out, Center/Subwoofer Speaker Out,
Side Speaker Out jacks on the Surround Kit.
Center/Subwoofer
Speaker Out
STEP 2:
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative Speaker
Settings, click 7.1 Speakers in the Speaker/Headphone Selection list. After completion, you can
click the Channel/Noise button to check whether
the speaker selection corresponds to your speaker
configuration.
Optical SPDIF Out
Enabling Digital Output
The Audio Combo Kit provides the SPDIF Out module which is required for digital output. The SPDIF
Out module includes an optical SPDIF Out jack and
a coaxial SPDIF Out jack. Follow the steps below
to enable digital output support.
Step 1. Connect SPDIF Out module connector to
the SPDIF_IO connector on the
motherboard.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 94 -
Coaxial SPDIF Out
Connect a decoder to your system through
optical cable or coaxial cable. The picture to
the right is an example of connecting an optical cable to the optical SPDIF Out jack.
3.
In the Speaker Selection tab of Creative
Speaker Settings, select the Digital Output
Only checkbox to activate digital output.
4.
Set the decoder options in Start -> Program
-> Creative -> Sound Blaster Live 24-bit ->
Device Control to SPDIF Passthrough.
Please refer to Page 85.
- 95 -
English
2.
Appendix
English
4-1-6 DTS Introduction
1. Introduction
In a continuous effort to bring the finest cinematic surround effects to the consumers, Creative has
partnered with DTS, Inc to integrate DTS-ES and DTS-Neo:6 into their Sound Blaster line of audio
products. This paper will discuss the benefits of having these technologies and how to bring the ultimate
entertainment experience out of them via the Creative software applications.
2. DTS-ES
A new encoding scheme adopted by DTS that provides realistic home theatre experience through
discrete 6.1 channel extended surround sound while still maintaining compatibility with existing 5.1
systems. This new DTS Extended Surround bitstream is available for DTS-encoded content on all
media (CD, LD and DVD-Video) whenever the multichannel recordings are discretely mixed in 6.1.
Audio data can be decoded through either an external decoder or now, Creative built-in decoder.
When using a DVD-Video disc encoded with DTS-ES content, the audio mode has to be set to this format
before playback begins. The setting is usually in the Main Menu Audio Setup section that will automatically be displayed when the disc is inserted.
2.1 Using Creative Built-in decoder
Step 1: Device Control
One of the most recent audio products that incorporate DTS technology is the Sound Blaster Live! 24bit integrated on motherboards. Device Control is the control application that handles the decoding.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 96 -
When a 7.1 speaker system is used, a 4-channel or 6-channel audio content can be mapped to the
additional speakers. Default is a map to the side speakers.
The Creative configuration is completed once the Creative Speaker Settings is set to 6.1 or 7.1 speaker
mode.
- 97 -
Appendix
English
By default, the on-board Creative audio device provides the decoding. The Use Installed Decoder
option will be checked.
English
Step 2: Configuring 3rd party SoftDVD players
All softDVD players typically have a option to use SPDIF OUT. This option needs to be turned on in
conjunction with the Creative settings above for the built-in decoder feature to work. Examples using
WinDVD and PowerDVD are illustrated below.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 98 -
In a case whereby an external hardware decoder (e/g DTS Home Theatre System) is used, the option
to use SPDIF Passthrough is to be checked. Encoded audio data will pass through Creative driver
without decoding.
- 99 -
Appendix
English
2.2 Using External Decoder
English
2.3 Decoding using SoftDVD player
A softDVD player which supports multi-channel playback offers an alternative option to external
hardware decoding. Select a 8-channel playback option if a 7.1 speaker system is used. Examples
using WinDVD and PowerDVD are illustrated below.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 100 -
Integrated into Creative's full-featured media player Creative MediaSource, DTS Neo:6 Settings enables users with 5.1 or 6.1 speaker systems to derive five or six full-band channels of audio from twochannel matrix-encoded sources. The result is a richer and more natural aural experience, a luxury
that owners of discrete multichannel systems have increasingly come to expect.
DTS Neo:6 Settings features two modes:
Music Mode: Expands stereo non-matrix recordings into five or six channel layouts without
diminishing the subtlety and integrity of the original stereo recording. It is designed to enhance
the playback of two-channel music recordings such as Compact Discs (CDs) and stereo
audio files through 5.1 or 6.1 speaker systems.
Cinema Mode: Decodes extended surround matrix soundtracks optimally. It is designed to
enhance the playback of matrix-encoded movie content through 5.1 or 6.1 speaker systems.
Note that DTS Neo:6 Settings only works in conjunction with Creative MediaSource Player and this
technology is effective on two-channel content only. It will not have an effect on content that is mono or
that has more than two channels. DTS Neo:6 Settings can only be launched from within Creative
MediaSource Player/Organizer.
3.1 Launching DTS Neo:6 Settings
To launch DTS Neo:6 Settings:
1. Launch Creative MediaSource Player/Organizer.
2. On the Menu bar, click Tools -> DTS Neo:6 Settings.
3. DTS Neo:6 Settings appears.
- 101 -
Appendix
English
3. DTS Neo:6
English
The DTS Neo:6 is located under the time display area in Creative MediaSource Player (version 2.02
and above). It is circled in red below:
Neo:6 Mus indicates that Music Mode is enabled while Neo:6 Cin indicates that Cinema Mode is
enabled. Note that changes to DTS Neo:6 settings will not take effect on the track that is currently in
play. The changes will only take effect from the next track onwards.
4. Final Word
Neo:6 will be featured with DTS-ES in a Creative audio system that is lined up to include DTS
technologies. Together, they offer both discrete and matrix decoding that will help to bring the best audio
experience out of a Sound Blaster.
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 102 -
Troubleshooting
Below is a collection of general asked questions. To check general asked questions based on a specific
motherboard model, please log on to http://www.gigabyte.com.tw
Question 1: I cannot see some options that were included in previous BIOS after updating BIOS. Why?
Answer: Some advanced options are hidden in new BIOS version. Please press Ctrl and F1 keys after
entering BIOS menu and you will be able to see these options.
Questions 2: Why is the light of my keyboard/optical mouse still on after computer shuts down?
Answer: In some boards, a small amount of electricity is kept on standby after computer shuts down and
that's why the light is still on.
Question 3: How do I clear CMOS?
Answer: If your board has a Clear CMOS jumper, please refer to the Clear CMOS steps in the manual. If your
board doesn't have such jumper, you can take off the on-board battery to leak voltage to clear CMOS.
Please refer to the steps below:
Steps:
1. Turn off power.
2. Disconnect the power cord from MB.
3. Take out the battery gently and put it aside for about 10 minutes (Or you can use a metal object to
connect the positive and negative pins in the battery holder to makethem short for one minute).
4. Re-insert the battery to the battery holder.
5. Connect power cord to MB again and turn on power.
6. Press Del to enter BIOS and load Fail-Safe Defaults(or load Optimized Defaults).
7. Save changes and reboot the system.
Question 4: Why do I still get a weak sound after turning up the speaker to the maximum volume?
Answer: Please make sure the speaker you are using is equipped with an internal amplifier. If not, please
change another speaker with power/amplifier and try again later.
Question 5: Sometimes I hear different continuous beeps from computer after system boots up. What do
these beeps usually stand for?
Answer: The beep codes below may help you identify the possible computer problems. However, they are
only for reference purposes. The situations might differ from case to case.
AMI BIOS Beep Codes
*Computer gives 1 short beep when system boots successfully.
*Except for beep code 8, these codes are always fatal.
1 beep Refresh failure
2 beeps Parity error
3 beeps Base 64K memory failure
4 beeps Timer not operational
5 beeps Processor error
6 beeps 8042 - gate A20 failure
7 beeps Processor exception interrupt error
8 beeps Display memory read/write failure
9 beeps ROM checksum error
10 beeps CMOS shutdown register read/write error
11 beeps Cache memory bad
- 103 -
AWARD BIOS Beep Codes
1 short: System boots successfully
2 short: CMOS setting error
1 long 1 short: DRAM or M/B error
1 long 2 short: Monitor or display card error
1 long 3 short: Keyboard error
1 long 9 short: BIOS ROM error
Continuous long beeps: DRAM error
Continuous short beeps: Power error
Appendix
English
4-2
English
4-3
POST Error Code
POST (hex)
CFh
C0h
C1h
C3h
C5h
0h1
03h
05h
07h
08h
0Ah
0Eh
10h
12h
14h
16h
18h
1Bh
GA-G1975X Motherboard
Description
Test CMOS R/W functionality.
Early chipset initialization:
-Disable shadow RAM
-Disable L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
-Program basic chipset registers
1. Detect memory
-Auto-detection of DRAM size, type and ECC.
-Auto-detection of L2 cache (socket 7 or below)
2. PEG slots Auto-Configuration
Expand compressed BIOS code to DRAM
Call chipset hook to copy BIOS back to E000 & F000 shadow RAM.
Expand the Xgroup codes locating in physical address 1000:0
Initial Superio_Early_Init switch.
1. Blank out screen
2. Clear CMOS error flag
1. Clear 8042 interface
2. Initialize 8042 self-test
1. Test special keyboard controller for Winbond 977 series Super
I/O chips.
2. Enable keyboard interface.
1. Disable PS/2 mouse interface (optional).
2. Auto detect ports for keyboard & mouse followed by a port &
interface swap (optional).
3. Reset keyboard for Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Test F000h segment shadow to see whether it is R/W-able or not. If
test fails, keep beeping the speaker.
Auto detect flash type to load appropriate flash R/W codes into the
run time area in F000 for ESCD & DMI support.
Use walking 1’s algorithm to check out interface in CMOS
circuitry. Also set real-time clock power status, and then check for override.
Program chipset default values into chipset. Chipset default values are
MODBINable by OEM customers.
Initial Early_Init_Onboard_Generator switch.
Detect CPU information including brand, SMI type (Cyrix or Intel) and CPU
level (586 or 686).
Initial interrupts vector table. If no special specified, all H/W interrupts are
directed to SPURIOUS_INT_HDLR & S/W interrupts to
SPURIOUS_soft_HDLR.
- 104 -
25h
26h
27h
29h
2Bh
2Dh
33h
3Ch
3Eh
40h
43h
47h
49h
4Eh
Description
Initial EARLY_PM_INIT switch.
Load keyboard matrix (notebook platform)
HPM initialization (notebook platform)
1. Check validity of RTC value:
e.g. a value of 5Ah is an invalid value for RTC minute.
2. Load CMOS settings into BIOS stack. If CMOS checksum fails,
use default value instead.
3. Prepare BIOS resource map for PCI & PnP use. If ESCD is
valid, take into consideration of the ESCD¡¦s legacy information.
4. Onboard clock generator initialization. Disable respective clock
resource to empty PCI & DIMM slots.
5.Early PCI initialization:
-Enumerate PCI bus number
-Assign memory & I/O resource
-Search for a valid VGA device & VGA BIOS, and put it
into C000:0.
PCI Bus Initialization
Init clock Generator
Initialize INT 09 buffer
1. Program CPU internal MTRR (P6 & PII) for 0-640K memory address.
2. Initialize the APIC for Pentium class CPU.
3. Program early chipset according to CMOS setup. Example: onboard IDE
controller.
4. Measure CPU speed
Invoke video BIOS.
1. Initialize multi-language
2. Put information on screen display, including Award title, CPU type,
CPU speed ......
Reset keyboard except Winbond 977 series Super I/O chips.
Test 8254
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 1.
Test 8259 interrupt mask bits for channel 2.
Test 8259 functionality.
Initialize EISA slot
1. Calculate total memory by testing the last double word of each 64K page.
2. Program write allocation for AMD K5 CPU 64K page.
1. Program MTRR of M1 CPU
2. Initialize L2 cache for P6 class CPU & program CPU with proper
cacheable range.
3. Initialize the APIC for P6 class CPU.
4. On MP platform, adjust the cacheable range to smaller one in case the
cacheable ranges between each CPU are not identical.
- 105 -
Appendix
English
POST (hex)
1Dh
1Fh
21h
23h
English
POST (hex)
50h
52h
55h
57h
59h
5Bh
5Dh
60h
65h
67h
69h
6Bh
6Dh
6Fh
73h
75h
77h
7Ah
7Fh
GA-G1975X Motherboard
Description
Initialize USB
Test all memory (clear all extended memory to 0)
Display number of processors (multi-processor platform)
1. Display PnP logo
2. Early ISA PnP initialization
-Assign CSN to every ISA PnP device.
Initialize the combined Trend Anti-Virus code.
(Optional Feature)
Show message for entering AWDFLASH.EXE from FDD (optional)
1. Initialize Init_Onboard_Super_IO switch.
2. Initialize Init_Onbaord_AUDIO switch.
Okay to enter Setup utility; i.e. not until this POST stage can users
enter the CMOS setup utility.
Initialize PS/2 Mouse
Prepare memory size information for function call:
INT 15h ax=E820h
Turn on L2 cache
Program chipset registers according to items described in Setup &
Auto-configuration table.
1. Assign resources to all ISA PnP devices.
2. Auto assign ports to onboard COM ports if the corresponding item in Setup
is set to “AUTO”.
1. Initialize floppy controller
2. Set up floppy related fields in 40:hardware.
(Optional Feature)
Enter AWDFLASH.EXE if :
-AWDFLASH is found in floppy drive.
-ALT+F2 is pressed
Detect & install all IDE devices: HDD, LS120, ZIP, CDROM¡K..
Detect serial ports & parallel ports.
Detect & install co-processor
1. Switch back to text mode if full screen logo is supported.
-If errors occur, report errors & wait for keys
-If no errors occur or F1 key is pressed to continue:
Clear EPA or customization logo.
E8POST.ASM starts
- 106 -
82h
83h
84h
85h
93h
94h
95h
96h
FFh
Description
1. Call chipset power management hook.
2. Recover the text fond used by EPA logo (not for full screen logo)
3. If password is set, ask for password.
Save all data in stack back to CMOS
Initialize ISA PnP boot devices
1. USB final Initialization
2. NET PC: Build SYSID structure
3. Switch screen back to text mode
4. Set up ACPI table at top of memory.
5. Invoke ISA adapter ROMs
6. Assign IRQs to PCI devices
7. Initialize APM
8. Clear noise of IRQs.
Read HDD boot sector information for Trend Anti-Virus code
1. Enable L2 cache
2. Program boot up speed
3. Chipset final initialization.
4. Power management final initialization
5. Clear screen & display summary table
6. Program K6 write allocation
7. Program P6 class write combining
1. Program daylight saving
2. Update keyboard LED & typematic rate
1. Build MP table
2. Build & update ESCD
3. Set CMOS century to 20h or 19h
4. Load CMOS time into DOS timer tick
5. Build MSIRQ routing table.
Boot attempt (INT 19h)
- 107 -
Appendix
English
POST (hex)
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 108 -
English
- 109 -
Appendix
English
GA-G1975X Motherboard
- 110 -
English
Contact Us
Taiwan (Headquarters)
GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
Address: No.6, Bau Chiang Road, Hsin-Tien, Taipei 231,
Japan
NIPPON GIGA-BYTE CORPORATION
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.co.jp
Singapore
Taiwan
TEL: +886-2-8912-4888
GIGA-BYTE SINGAPORE PTE. LTD.
FAX: +886-2-8912-4003
Tech. Support :
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
WEB address (English): http://www.gigabyte.com.tw
WEB address: http://www.gigabyte.com.sg
U.K.
WEB address (Chinese): http://chinese.giga-byte.com
G.B.T. TECH. CO., LTD.
U.S.A.
Tech. Support :
G.B.T. INC.
TEL: +1-626-854-9338
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
FAX: +1-626-854-9339
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Tech. Support :
WEB address : http://uk.giga-byte.com
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
The Netherlands
GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY B.V.
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Tech. Support :
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.com
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Germany
G.B.T. TECHNOLOGY TRADING GMBH
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Tech. Support :
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.nl
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.de
- 111 -
Appendix
English
China
Russia
NINGBO G.B.T. TECH. TRADING CO., LTD.
Moscow Representative Office Of GIGA-BYTE Technology
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Co., Ltd.
Tech. Support :
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.com.cn
Shanghai
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.ru
Poland
TEL: +86-021-63410999
FAX: +86-021-63410100
Office of GIGA-BYTE TECHNOLOGY Co., Ltd. in POLAND
Beijing
TEL: +86-10-62102838
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
FAX: +86-10-62102848
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
Wuhan
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
TEL: +86-27-87851061
FAX: +86-27-87851330
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.pl
Serbia & Montenegro
GuangZhou
Representative Office Of GIGA-BYTE Technology Co., Ltd. in
TEL: +86-20-87586074
SERBIA & MONTENEGRO
FAX: +86-20-85517843
Chengdu
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
TEL: +86-28-85236930
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
FAX: +86-28-85256822
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Xian
TEL: +86-29-85531943
WEB address: http://www.gigabyte.co.yu
Czech Republic
FAX: +86-29-85539821
Representative Office Of GIGA-BYTE Technology Co., Ltd. in
Shenyang
CZECH REPUBLIC
TEL: +86-24-23960918
FAX: +86-24-23960918-809
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Australia
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
GIGABYTE TECHNOLOGY PTY. LTD.
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
WEB address: http://www.gigabyte.cz
Romania
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
Representative Office Of GIGA-BYTE Technology Co., Ltd. in
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
Romania
WEB address : http://www.giga-byte.com.au
France
Tech. Support :
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
GIGABYTE TECHNOLOGY FRANCE S.A.R.L.
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
Tech. Support :
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
http://tw.giga-byte.com/TechSupport/ServiceCenter.htm
Non-Tech. Support(Sales/Marketing) :
WEB address: http://www.gigabyte.com.ro
http://ggts.gigabyte.com.tw/nontech.asp
WEB address : http://www.gigabyte.fr
GA-G1975X Motherboard
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