Appendix B
City & Guilds
BUILDING 500, ABBEY PARK
STARETON
WARWICKSHIRE CV9 2LY
Tel: 024 7685 7300 Fax: 024 7669 6128
Email: [email protected]
LEVEL 2 AWARD USE AND MAINTAIN PEDESTRIAN
CONTROLLED MOWERS
(QCF)
Workbook
(To be used in conjunction with the PowerPoint presentation
Safe Use of Pedestrian Controlled Mowers)
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Introduction
The assessment for this qualification is divided into two units:
Unit 1
Unit 2
Operate a Mower
Use and Maintain Pedestrian Controlled Powered Equipment
Candidates must successfully achieve all assessment activities in both the above
units.
The assessment may be taken on a machine with any type of “cutting” mechanism for
example:
• Cylinder
• Rotary
• Flail
• Reciprocating Knife
• Greens Machine with interchangeable units
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 3.1 List the main hazards and
risks associated with using pedestrian powered equipment
and state the appropriate action
To refresh your memory
A Hazard - is anything with a potential to cause harm
A Risk - is the possibility of somebody being harmed
It is important that all possible hazards when using a tractor and mower are clearly
identified. The persons at risk should be identified and how they may be harmed. The
risks should be properly evaluated and control measures identified to reduce the risk.
The following exercise examines some of the hazards/risks
Slopes
Overhanging branches
Surface debris
Underground obstructions/surface obstructions
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People
Animals
Soft ground
Ditches/waterways
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 1.1 Identify the risks involved
when using a tractor, ride on or pedestrian mower
The following pictures have been chose to illustrate some of the risks involved in using
a pedestrian controlled mower. Complete the table stating how each of the risks can
be avoided.
The risk
Overturning machine
How the risk can be avoided
Entrapment in moving
parts
Severed digits/cuts
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The risk
Muscle strain etc.
How the risk can be avoided
Burns
Flying stones/debris
Contamination
Bio hazards
Dust/fungal spores
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 1.2 Carry out a site-specific
risk assessment
Generic Hazard and Risk Assessments are produced which cover using pedestrian
mowers for specified activities; they:
• identify the hazards
• decide who might be harmed and how
• evaluate the risks and decide on precautions
• record the findings and how to control the risks
• need to be reviewed regularly and updated if necessary
It is important that Generic Hazard and Risk Assessments are made available and that
operators read them.
Now read the Generic Hazard and Risk Assessment
A site-specific risk assessment is essential even when a general risk assessment has
been carried out. This is because the risks involved change with every site, the specific
task being carried out and with different machines. It covers:
the SITE, the place where you will be carrying out the activity;
the TASK, what you will be doing;
the MACHINE, the machine/equipment you will be using.
Identifying the hazards specific to the site, task and machine are crucial in
safeguarding the health, safety and welfare of the operator, fellow workers and the
general public.
Remember a hazard is the potential to cause harm and a risk is the likelihood of
harm. The most effective way of carrying out a specific risk assessment is to:
• review the general or generic risk assessment
• walk the site, think about the specific task that is to be carried out with
the machine
• define the risks
• how to mitigate them (control measures)
• record them; and
• communicate them to relevant people.
When you are assessed you will be required to:
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(Enter the missing words in the table)
Requirement
Reason(s)
_____________ for hazards and ______
or ____ the hazards
confirm that the _________ of the site is
__________ for the operation to take
place
______ to an _________________ if the
site was unsuitable
_____________________ and ________
(if appropriate) _____________________
or to _________________________
Now read the specific hazard and risk assessment. Make a note in the table below of
the specific hazards relating to site, task and machine not covered in the generic
hazard and risk assessment.
Requirement
Reason(s)
The SITE
The TASK
The MACHINE
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 2.1 Describe the relevant
health and safety legislation in relation to mower operations
What do the following pieces of legislation require the operator to do?
Control of Vibration at Work Regulations 2005
Control of Substances Hazardous to Health 2002 (COSHH)
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974
Health & Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981
Manual Handling Operations Regulations 1992
Management of Health and Safety at Work Regulations 1999
The Control of Noise at Work Regulations 2005
Personal Protective Equipment Regulations 1992
Provision and Use of Work Equipment Regulations 1998
Reporting of Injuries, diseases and dangerous Occurrences Regulations
1995
After discussion complete the tables below
The Legislation
Summary of duties of the employee
Control of Vibration at Work
Regulations 2005
Control of Substances
Hazardous to Health 2002
(COSHH)
Health & Safety at Work Act
1974
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The Legislation
Summary of duties of the employee
Health & Safety (First Aid)
Regulations 1981
Manual Handling Operations
Regulations 1992
Management of Health and
Safety at Work Regulations
1999
The Control of Noise at Work
Regulations 2005
Personal Protective Equipment
Regulations 1992
Provision and Use of Work
Equipment Regulations 1998
Reporting of Injuries, Diseases
and Dangerous Occurrences
Regulations 1995
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 5.1 Outline current health and
safety legislation and codes of practice and any additional
requirements:
Legislation has already been dealt with in detail in a previous unit. There are some
basic legal and safety precautions relating to the use or movement on or near the
public highway or where members of the public have access. They are summarised in
the following section
There are a number of precautions that can be made to protect the operator, public
and animals. They may include:
‰ warning signs ______________
‰ appropriate ____ should be worn
‰ ________________ clothing should be worn
‰ ______________________ could be set up
The fuel storage and transportation requirements state:
‰ no smoking
‰ no naked flames
‰ avoid contact with hot surfaces
‰ fuel level topped up safely as required
‰ any spillage dealt with safely
and that containers must be:
‰ specifically designed for fuel storage
‰ have a non-spill spout
‰ be clearly labelled
‰ have securely fitting caps
‰ be kept away from any sources of ignition
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 5.2 Describe how
environmental damage can be minimised
Enviromental damage can be defined as any change or disturbance to the
environment perceived to be damaging or undesirable. Enviromental damage can take
many forms; for the operator of a pedestrian controlled mower it could include the
following:
•
•
•
•
•
incorrect storage and disposal of fuel / oils
not disposing of worn components and service items correctly
carrying out activities when the climatic conditions are wrong
carrying out activities when the ground conditions are unsuitable
not conducting an environmental impact survey on a site that contains
protected species
• carrying out activities the wrong time of year impacting on the natural
flora (plants)
• carrying out activities that impact on wildlife
• not carrying out activities correctly resulting in damage to the mown
area
Describe four ways in which environmental damage can be minimised (as detailed on
the slide)
1.
2.
3.
4.
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 3.1 Select the appropriate
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for mower operations
What items of PPE are required when using a pedestrian controlled mower?
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is important in ensuring the health and safety of
operators and in some instances other people (as in the case of high visibility
clothing).
The operator’s handbook for the machine will recommend wearing certain items of
personal protective equipment (PPE). The generic and or specific hazard and risk
assessment may require other items of PPE to be worn as part of the control
measures identified. The law requires employers to provide PPE and for employees to
wear it, however it is important to understand why certain items of PPE need to be
worn and how they provide protection to the operator, or have other benefits.
The CE marking as it is legally called since 1993 (per
directive 93/68/EEC) is a mandatory conformity mark for
products placed on the market in the European
Economic Area (EEA).
European law requires that PPE has to comply with legislation. The CE marking is not
a quality mark, but PPE with the CE marking on it conforms to the essential
requirements of the applicable EC directives. Only PPE that conforms should be
supplied and worn.
Complete the table below
Item of PPE (name)
Why it is worn
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Other benefits
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.5 Select and use the
appropriate personal protective clothing and equipment
Note: this has already been covered in the previous unit
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 4.3 describe the basic
differences between petrol and diesel engines
The following diagrams show the basic differences between a petrol engine and a
diesel engine.
The basic differences are;Complete the statements below that describe the basic differences between a petrol
and diesel engine:
A petrol engine - ______________________________________________________
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A diesel engine - ______________________________________________________
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 4.1 Describe the operating
differences between two and four stroke engines
Label the diagram of the four stroke engine with the major components
Valve
Spark plug
Exhaust port
Bore
Piston
Cylinder
Complete the table below that summarises the differences between two and four
stroke engines
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Main differences between two and four stroke engines
Two stroke engines
Four stroke engines
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 4.2 Describe the lines of drive
– clutch, v-belts and chains
“Lines of drive” are simply the means to transmit power from the engine to other parts
of the machine; they include belts, chains and clutches.
Complete the table on the following page stating examples of where each may be
found on a mower.
Method of
Principle
Transmission
Line of drive For transmitting torque and
rotation, e.g. from the engine to
components via a prop shaft
Clutch
A device to engage/disengage
drive e.g. to facilitate gear
changing, starting and stopping
V-belts
A loop of flexible material for
transmitting power, that links two
or more rotating shafts e.g.
alternator
A way of transmitting mechanical
power from one place to another,
often used to power wheels
Chains
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Examples and where it/they
may be found
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 4.1 Identify and explain the
key features of the equipment being used, including:
• transmission
• safe stop procedures
• cutting mechanisms
Knowing and identifying the key features of the equipment being used is important to
ensure the health and safety of the operator and others. In addition it is important to
know the key features in order to be able to operate the equipment efficiently and
effectively; this prolongs its working life and minimises expensive repairs that result
from doing the wrong thing.
Table 1. Transmission
Explain how to engage/disengage the transmission to the equipment. How the
equipment is powered, the lines of drive, and type of methods used to transfer power.
Table 2. Safe stop procedures
Explain how to safely stop the mower (especially important in an emergency).
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Table 3 Cutting mechanisms
Explain how to engage/disengage the cutting mechanism and how it works.
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 5.1 Identify the controls (and
instruments if appropriate) relating to the equipment being
used
Before attempting to operate any piece of machinery/equipment it is very important to
familiarise yourself with the function of all of the controls and, if appropriate,
instruments. As an operator you need to be very familiar with the controls and be able
to read and interpret the information displayed on the instruments.
Label the diagram below clearly indicating all the main controls.
Trainer to paste a diagram into this space for learners to label
Label the diagram below clearly indicating all the other controls.
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Trainer to paste a diagram into this space for learners to label
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 5.2 Describe the function of
the controls
In the table below list the main controls that you have identified and describe what
each one does.
Name of control
Description of the function
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 5.3 Identify any warning
/safety functions
For your safety and the safety of others, all machines have “decals”, “transfers” or
signs which basically fall into three main categories.
Write in the meaning of the types of sign below
Type of sign
Meaning of this type of sign
Advisory – location e.g. first aid
kit or eye wash station
There are a number warning signs used on machinery and equipment. For many of
them the meaning is clear, for others you may need to check the meaning in the
manufacturer’s handbook.
Write in the precise meaning of the sign in the space below
*Trainer to paste other signs into the space provided
Sign
Meaning of this
type of sign
Sign
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Meaning of this
type of sign
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Sign
Meaning of this
type of sign
Sign
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Meaning of this
type of sign
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 6.1 Identify the daily checks
that should be made to the machine
These are the minimum checks that are recommended; there may be others
recommended by the manufacturer. The following are checked to ensure safety of
operator and machine:
‰ wheels/roller(s) are secure
‰ visual inspection of the tyres is carried out, condition stated, appropriate level of
inflation confirmed (if appropriate)
‰ function of on/off control (operator presence control or key switch)checked
‰ condition/function of roller unit/seat (if fitted)
‰ fixings holding cutting unit(s) are in place/tightly secured (as applicable to the
mower being used)
The following are checked to ensure efficient operation and longevity of machine:
‰ fuel level is adequate
‰ engine oil is within limits
‰ hydraulic oil is within limits (if applicable/accessible/measurable)
‰ engine air cleaner is clean/components are undamaged/in an acceptable
condition
‰ all sites needing lubrication are lubricated
‰ there is no obvious damage to the cutting units
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 6.3: Identify the pre-start
checks that should be made to the machine
Pre-start checks have already been covered; refer to the check sheet in an earlier
section.
State how frequently that checks need to be
undertaken
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 8.1 Carry out pre-start checks
Before operation you should carry out pre-start checks; these will have already been
carried out in other parts of this Unit. There is no need to repeat them again.
You are required to:
‰ carry out correct pre-start checks in accordance with the manufacturer’s
handbook/operator’s manual
‰ state the frequency of checks that need to be undertaken
‰ report your findings in respect of the pre-start checks carried out
‰ act on your findings in respect of the pre-start checks carried out
‰ carry out a visual inspection to ensure the safety of the machine, stating
what you were looking for
The statutory guarding requirements for a pedestrian controlled mower are:
_______________, belts, pulleys and chains ___________ the guards are_______
____________________
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.1 Ensure that the pedestrian
controlled power equipment is safe and in good working order
You will be required to:
‰ carry out a visual inspection of the machine
‰ state the frequency of checks
‰ comment on the condition of the machine
Comments on the condition of the machine:
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 6.4 Describe the correct start
up and stop techniques in accordance with instructions and
any
manufacturer's guidance
All machines differ slightly as to how they can be started, how they are “put into
operation” and how they are stopped. In common with all machines, before you start
it,, the most important thing is to know how to stop it, especially in an emergency!
Starting procedure
Stopping procedure
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 3.3 Describe methods of
checking and maintaining the equipment for use covering:
Correct pre-use checks
Correct start-up procedure
Use appropriate work method
Correct stopping procedure
Correct post use maintenance
To meet this assessment criterion you are required to describe methods of checking
and maintaining the equipment ready for use. A description means to “say or write
what something is like”.
Complete the table on the following two pages.
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Correct pre-use checks (How are these carried out?)
Correct start up procedure (How is it performed?)
Use appropriate work methods (Whilst mowing?)
Correct stopping procedure (How is it performed?)
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Correct pre-use maintenance (what needs to be done?)
Reporting problems to the appropriate persons (who and when?)
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 6.2 Identify routine
maintenance procedures for the machine
This section covers all types of machines in the range
Cylinder Mower
For a Cylinder Mower, when you are assessed you will be required to know and
understand how to carry out the following:
‰ bed knife to cylinder adjustment
‰ back lapping, use of grinding paste and reverse direction of cylinder
rotation
‰ checking the bed knife and cylinder for wear/damage
‰ carry out other adjustments
At appropriate points during the demonstration given by your trainer make notes in the
spaces provided.
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The process for checking the bed knife to cylinder clearance
Back lapping is a method of sharpening the cylinder and bed knife in situ. It involves
the use of abrasive paste. There are a number of basic steps (note these may vary
from machine to machine). The procedure for back lapping is as follows:
• put on appropriate PPE
• clean the unit before attempting to work on it. It won’t be possible to see or
hear what is going on if it is full of debris
• inspect the cylinder and bed knife for damage
• grease the cylinder bearings and rollers, to prevent the abrasive paste
from entering and causing excessive wear
• adjust the cylinder to bed knife, back it away so that there is no metal to
metal contact. Check the bearings for movement (there should be no
significant left to right and up and down movement). Spin the cylinder slowly, it
should rotate smoothly and freely. Re-adjust ready for back lapping. It is
important not to over tighten. Use a strip of newspaper, rotating the cylinder
one blade at a time, and adjust the distance so the paper flaps and drags (but
is not cut).For back lapping to be effective it is essential that the cylinder is
parallel to the bed knife.
• put the cylinder into reverse, there should be no metal to metal contact, it
should spin quietly
• apply the back lapping material (120 grit) with a long handle paint brush
right to left; the grinding noise should be consistent. When the grinding noise
subsides, brush over again; do not reapply more grinding paste.
•
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• stop the cylinder and examine, wipe away the grinding paste from an area
and check.
• if necessary tighten and repeat the action until the cylinder and bed knife
are sharp (if the whole operation is not completed in 15 minutes it may be
necessary to remove the cylinder and bench grind).
• polish, applying a small amount of compound (180 grit) to finish the back
lapping process
• clean the unit, thoroughly removing all of the compound whilst operating the
cylinder in reverse. When completed the cylinder will turn freely with no
contact.
• adjust the cylinder to bed knife clearance, it should be zero, metal to metal
contact, adjust using strips of paper.
• adjust the height of cut and test the mower
• clean the machine off after the test
The process for checking bed knife and cylinder for wear and damage
The process for bed knife to cylinder adjustment
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The process for carrying out other adjustments in accordance with
manufacturer’s handbook
Rotary Mower
For a Rotary Mower in your assessment you will be expected to know and understand
how to carry out the following:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
safely remove and refit the blade
what to look for when inspecting the blade
sharpening the blade
how to balance the blade
how to check that the fitting is correct, tightness/torque setting
At appropriate points during the demonstration given by your trainer make notes in the
spaces provided.
How to safely remove and refit the blade(s) from the mower using the
appropriate tool(s)
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What to look for when inspecting the blade
Sharpening the blade
How to balance the blade (any method using basic equipment for checking
balance)
How to check that the fitting is correct, tightness/torque setting
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There are a number of reasons for balancing a blade; they include:
Enter the missing words below
• _________________
• ______________
• ______________________
• ________________________
Flail Mower
For a Flail Mower, when you are assessed you will be required to know and
understand how to carry out the following:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
safely remove the blades
what to look for when inspecting the blades for damage
sharpen the blades
how to refit the blades
how to carry out adjustments
how to check that the fitting is correct, tightness/torque setting
At appropriate points during the demonstration given by your trainer make notes in the
spaces provided
How to safely remove the blade(s) from the mower using the appropriate
tool(s)
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What to look for when inspecting the blades for damage
How to sharpen the blades
How to refit the blades
How to carry out adjustments
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How to check that the fitting is correct, tightness/torque setting
Reciprocating Knife Mower
For a Reciprocating Knife Mower, when you are assessed you will be required to
know and understand how to carry out the following:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
safely remove the blades
what to look for when inspecting the blades for damage
sharpen the blades
how to refit the blades
how to carry out adjustments
how to check that the fitting is correct, including adjustment of knife clips,
ledger plates and wear plates
At appropriate points during the demonstration given by your trainer make notes in the
spaces provided.
How to safely remove the knife from the mower using appropriate tools
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What to look for when inspecting the blade for damage
How to sharpen the blades
How to refit the blades to the mower
How to carry out adjustments
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How to check that fitting is correct including; correct fitting including
adjustment of knife clips, ledger plates, and wear plates
Greens Machine (Triple) with changeable cassettes (e.g. Thatch-Away SUPASYSTEM)
Know and understand how to carry out the following:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
make the machine safe
safely disconnect the motor (hydraulic or electric)
safely remove the cassette from the machine
why it is important to clear the debris
what to look for when inspecting the cassette for damage and report on its
condition
re-fit another cassette to the unit
re-attach the motor
check that fitting is correct (including all clips)
carry out adjustments in accordance with manufacturer’s handbook
(specifically height and be able to state the effect of “one click” in terms of
mm)
How to make the machine safe
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How to safely disconnect the motor (hydraulic or electric)
How to safely remove the cassette from the machine
State why it is important to clear the debris
State what to look for when inspecting the cassette for damage and report on
its condition
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Describe how to re-fit another cassette to the unit
Describe how to re-attach the motor
How to check that fitting is correct (including all clips)
Describe how to carry out adjustments in accordance with manufacturers
handbook (specifically height and be able to state the effect of “one click” in
terms of mm)
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.4 Maintain pedestrian
controlled power equipment in accordance with
manufacturer’s instructions
Note: this has already been covered in the previous unit
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 7.1 Describe the adjustments
that may be made to the cutting units
During assessment you will be required to describe how to make adjustments to the
cutting units. These will be specific to the type of unit(s) being used and may vary
between machines:
Cylinder
Rotary
Flail
Reciprocating Knife
Greens Machine (units)
Label the diagram overleaf indicating how the cutting unit(s) may be adjusted.
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Trainer to paste appropriate diagram(s) into this space for the learners to
label and indicate how adjustments can be made:
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Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 7.2 Identify why it is important
to adjust the cutting deck
The reasons for making adjustments may include any of the following:
‰
‰
‰
‰
‰
reduce the height of cut
increase the height of cut
to improve the quality of cut
to accommodate a change in sward health/condition
to take into account a change in ground conditions
Other reasons may include:
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 7.3 Make adjustments in
accordance with instructions and manufacturer's guidance
During assessment you will be required to make adjustments to the cutting units that
you have been trained on. These will be specific to the type of unit(s) being used. The
height of cut is controlled by making adjustments to the cutting unit.
For example:
On the machine to the left
the height is adjusted using
spanners.
There will be a number of
other methods for different
machines.
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion 3.2: Explain the importance of
operating equipment in line with manufacturer’s instructions
For the purposes of assessment you are required to explain the reasons for operating
the equipment in line with manufacturer’s instructions. Explanation means “to make
something clear or easy to understand”.
The explanation should include:• reduces the risk of operator injury
• reduces wear and tear on the machine and prolongs life of the machine
• quality of work/finish will be of the required standard
Enter your explanation into the table overleaf.
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 8.2 Operate a machine safely
in accordance with instructions and manufacturer’s guidance
For most mowing tasks there will be a specification stating things like:
• frequency of cut,
• height of cut and
• how the site is to be left after work has been completed.
However for the purposes of assessment this activity should take approximately fifteen
minutes. The area to mow must include: use of headlands, negotiating restricted
spaces and obstacles. When you are assessed you will demonstrate:
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‰ task _______________________________
‰ appropriate __________________ selected/maintained
‰ _________________ to give appropriate power output
‰ work ___________________
‰ mowing carried out without _________________
‰ finish complies with _______________/________________
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 2.2 Carry out work in a
manner that minimises environmental damage.
During training, assessment and when you are working there is an expectation that:
‰ cutting takes place only when climatic conditions are suitable
‰ turns are made without excessive damage to the surface
‰ arisings are disposed of in accordance with legislative and organisational
requirements
Unit 201 - Assessment criterion: 8.3 Discuss the quality of cut,
the methods of turning and different approaches to the cut
The quality of the cut
This will be dependent on the type of machine being used and the condition of the
cutting mechanism. Each type of machine has been developed to effectively cut
different types/quality of grassland/sward.
Cylinder mowers - the cylinder mower can produce a very fine sward by being able to
cut to a low height. These mowers consist of a spiral blade wrapping around a cylinder.
This cuts against a fixed blade in a scissor action. The result is a very clean cut, when
properly adjusted. They are used extensively where a high standard of finish is
required.
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Cutting action of a cylinder mower
Rotary Mowers - The rotary mower is a widely-used mower which is suitable for
general amenity use. Its key feature is a horizontally rotating blade. This allows the
mower to be used on uneven areas. The result can be a clean cut, when the blade is
new/sharp, but often it tears /bruises the grass. It is not generally used on high quality
lawns where a better finish is required.
Cutting action of a rotary mower
Effect of a damaged or blunt blade
on the cut
Flail Mowers - have a number of small blades on the end of chains attached to a
horizontal axis. The cutting is carried out by the axe-like heads striking the grass at
speed. These types are used on rough ground, where the blades may frequently be
fouled by other objects, or on tougher vegetation than grass, such as brush (scrub).
Due to the length of the chains and the higher weight of the blades, they are better at
cutting thick brush than other mowers, because of the relatively high inertia of the
blades.
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Pedestrian Flail Mower in action
Reciprocating knife mowers - have a long (typically 2-3 metres) bar on which are
mounted fingers with stationary guardplates. In a channel on the bar there is a
reciprocating knife blade with very sharp triangular blades. The bar is driven back and
forth along the channel. The grass, or other plant matter, is cut between the sharp
edges of the knife and the finger-plates. The bar rides on the ground, supported on a
skid at the inner end, and it can be tilted to adjust the height of the cut. Primarily used
for cutting tall grass.
Reciprocating Knife Mower
Methods of turning to reduce damage to the surface
Friction from the wheels or roller is occasionally a problem, especially when the
climatic or ground conditions are not ideal for mowing operations to take place. The
most obvious signs of damage are:
• wheel or roller marks
• depressions
• footprints left by the operator
Different approaches to the cutting of grass: for efficiency, to improve the
sward or to achieve desired visual effects
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For efficiency, minimal overlap and a single pass is key. However planning where to
start and where to finish the cut is equally important and needs to take into account
the conditions and features of the site. Generally speaking the direction of cut is
changed for reasons of good husbandry or to achieve desired visual effects as per
the examples below.
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Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.6 Identify any problems with
the equipment and take appropriate action
What problems were found with the machine?
(You will be required to state how you would deal with three problems during
assessment)
Problem
Solution / action
1.
2.
3.
If the solution is outside my limit of responsibility, I would:
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.3 Clean and store
equipment correctly after use
After use the machine should be cleaned and correctly stored in the designated area.
It is important to use the correct PPE for cleaning the mower; complete the table
below.
Item of PPE (name)
Why it is worn
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The benefit
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The methods of cleaning include using:
‰ a brush
‰ compressed air
‰ water/pressure washer
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The reasons for cleaning are:
‰ prevents personal contamination
‰ prevents corrosion
‰ makes visual inspection for damage possible
‰ facilitates maintenance and adjustments
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 5.3 describe the correct
methods for disposing of organic and inorganic waste
Methods include:
• hazardous – e.g. waste lubricants are stored appropriately and
collected by a registered contractor for disposal/recycling
• paper towels (used for wiping dipstick) and protective gloves used
during pre-start checks are disposed of correctly
• non hazardous waste – boxed arisings are taken to composted
area/composted
• machine is cleaned/washed in designated area
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion 2.3: Dispose of waste safely
and correctly
How should the following waste be stored and then disposed of?
Write your answers in the table below.
Waste
Storage
Disposal
lubricants
Paper towels used for
wiping a dipstick and
protective gloves
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Grass cuttings
Machine washings
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 2.1 Work in a way which
maintains health and safety and is consistent with current
legislation, codes of practice and additional requirements
During training, assessment and when you are working there is an expectation that
you will comply with:
‰ health & safety
‰ current legislation
‰ codes of practice
‰ any additional requirements e.g. leaving site clean and tidy after work has
been completed
Unit 202 - Assessment criterion: 1.2 Use equipment according
to manufacturer’s instructions and legal/regulatory
requirements
During training the Assessor will be evaluating the following throughout the duration of
the assessment:
‰ compliance with H&S
‰ current legislation
‰ codes of practice
‰ additional requirements e.g. site is left clean and tidy
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