SGI® Rackable™ C2108-G9 System User`s Guide

SGI® Rackable™ C2108-G9 System User`s Guide
SGI® Rackable™ C2108-G9
System User’s Guide
007-5777-001
COPYRIGHT
© 2011 SGI. All rights reserved; provided portions may be copyright in third parties, as indicated elsewhere herein. No permission is granted to copy, distribute,
or create derivative works from the contents of this electronic documentation in any manner, in whole or in part, without the prior written permission of SGI.
LIMITED RIGHTS LEGEND
The software described in this document is “commercial computer software” provided with restricted rights (except as to included open/free source) as specified
in the FAR 52.227-19 and/or the DFAR 227.7202, or successive sections. Use beyond license provisions is a violation of worldwide intellectual property laws,
treaties and conventions. This document is provided with limited rights as defined in 52.227-14.
The electronic (software) version of this document was developed at private expense; if acquired under an agreement with the USA government or any
contractor thereto, it is acquired as “commercial computer software” subject to the provisions of its applicable license agreement, as specified in (a) 48 CFR
12.212 of the FAR; or, if acquired for Department of Defense units, (b) 48 CFR 227-7202 of the DoD FAR Supplement; or sections succeeding thereto.
Contractor/manufacturer is SGI, 46600 Landing Parkway, Fremont, CA 94538.
TRADEMARKS AND ATTRIBUTIONS
SGI, and the SGI logo are registered trademarks and Rackable is a trademark of Silicon Graphics International in the United States and/or other countries
worldwide.
AMD is a registered trademark and Opteron is a trademark of Advanced Micro Devices, Inc.
Fusion-MPT, Integrated RAID, MegaRAID, and LSI Logic are trademarks or registered trademarks of LSI Logic Corporation.
HyperTransport is a licensed trademark of the HyperTransport Technology Consortium.
InfiniBand is a registered trademark of the InfiniBand Trade Association.
Internet Explorer and MS-DOS are registered trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
Java and Java Virtual Machine are trademarks or registered trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds, used with permission by SGI.
Novell and Novell Netware are registered trademarks of Novell Inc.
PCIe and PCI-X are registered trademarks of PCI SIG.
Phoenix and PhoenixBIOS are registered trademarks of Phoenix Technologies Ltd.
Red Hat and all Red Hat-based trademarks are trademarks or registered trademarks of Red Hat, Inc. in the United States and other countries.
SUSE LINUX and the SUSE logo are registered trademarks of Novell, Inc.
UNIX is a registered trademark in the United States and other countries, licensed exclusively through X/Open Company, Ltd.
All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective owners.
Record of Revision
007-5777-001
Version
Description
001
October 2011
First release
iii
Contents
1
Introduction
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Server Board Features .
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HyperTransport Interconnect .
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Memory .
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Serial ATA .
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Optional SAS RAID Support .
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PCI Expansion Slots
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UIO .
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Onboard Controllers/Ports .
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Onboard Graphics Controller .
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Other Features .
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Server Chassis Features .
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System Power .
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Serial ATA and SAS Subsystems .
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Front Control Panel .
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Serverboard .
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Cooling System .
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Server Installation .
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Unpack the System .
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Prepare for Setup
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Choose a Setup Location
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Warnings and Precautions .
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Server Precautions .
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Rack Mounting Considerations .
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Ambient Operating Temperature .
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Rack Precautions
007-5777-001
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Processors .
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Contents
Reduced Airflow
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Mechanical Loading .
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Circuit Overloading .
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Reliable Ground .
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Install the System into a Rack
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. 12
Separate the Sections of the Rack Rails .
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Outer Rack Rails.
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The Inner Rail Extension
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Install the Server in a Rack .
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Access the Inside of the Chassis.
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Check the CPUs (processors)
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Check the System Memory .
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Install Expansion PCIe Cards
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Check all Cable Connections and Airflow .
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Check the System Disk Drives .
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Check the Airflow .
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. 19
Supply Power to the System
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. 19
System Interface.
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Overview .
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Control Panel Buttons
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Control Panel LEDs .
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. 23
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Power Fail
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Using the Rail Locking Tabs
Check the Node Board Setup.
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. 23
Overheat/Fan Fail
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. 23
NIC1 .
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NIC2 .
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HDD .
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Power
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Drive Carrier LEDs .
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SATA Drive Status LEDs .
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SAS Drive Status LEDs .
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. 25
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007-5777-001
Contents
4
5
System Safety .
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. 27
Electrical Safety Precautions
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. 27
Serverboard Battery.
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DVD-ROM Laser .
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. 28
Mainboard Replaceable Soldered-in Fuses .
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. 28
General Safety Precautions .
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. 29
ESD Precautions.
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. 29
System Serverboard Information .
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. 31
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Handling the Node Board
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ESD Precautions
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Unpacking .
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. 32
Connecting the Control Panel .
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. 32
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. 33
Serverboard Details .
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. 34
CPUs .
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. 34
Memory
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. 34
Chipsets
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. 34
Expansion Slots
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. 34
System Health Monitoring .
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. 34
ACPI Features .
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. 35
Onboard I/O
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. 35
Serverboard Dimensions .
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. 35
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Installing Memory .
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. 37
Install DIMMs .
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. 37
Memory Support .
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. 38
Memory DIMM Layout
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. 39
Memory DIMM Functionality Guidelines .
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. 39
Configuring DIMM Memory for Best Performance
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. 40
Hard Disk Drives (C2108-G9 Chassis) .
007-5777-001
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. 41
Drive Configurations
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. 41
PCIe Expansion Cards .
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. 43
Installing a PCIe Expansion Card .
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. 43
Power Supply Functional Rating
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. 44
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vii
Contents
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Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service .
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. 45
Basic Troubleshooting Procedures .
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. 45
If the System Does Not Power Up .
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. 45
System Powers Up But Will Not Boot .
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. 46
No Video After System Power Up .
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. 46
Memory Errors .
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. 46
Chassis Service Information .
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. 47
Static-Sensitive Devices .
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. 47
Precautions .
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. 47
Unpacking
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. 48
Control Panel .
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. 48
System Fans .
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. 48
System Fan Failure .
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. 49
Replacing System Fans .
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. 50
Removing a Fan
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. 50
Installing a New Fan
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. 51
Drive Bay Installation/Removal .
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. 51
Accessing the Drive Bays
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. 51
Disk Drive Installation .
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. 51
Mounting a Disk Drive in a Drive Carrier .
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. 52
Installing/Removing Hot-swap Drives .
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. 52
Hard Drive Backplane .
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. 54
DVD-ROM Drive Installation .
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. 54
Accessing the Inside of the Chassis
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. 54
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. 55
Power Supply Failure
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. 55
Removing/Replacing the Power Supply.
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. 55
Power Supply.
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Removing the Power Supply
7
viii
BIOS .
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. 55
Installing a New Power Supply.
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. 55
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. 57
Starting BIOS Setup Utility .
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. 57
How To Change the Configuration Data .
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. 58
Starting the Setup Utility .
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. 58
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007-5777-001
Contents
Main Menu .
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. 59
System Time/System Date .
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. 59
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. 59
Advanced Settings Menu .
Quick Boot .
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. 59
Quiet Boot .
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. 59
Add On ROM Display Mode .
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. 59
Bootup Num Lock .
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. 59
PS/2 Mouse Support
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. 60
Wait for F1 if Error
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. 60
Hit 'DEL' Message Display
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. 60
Watch Dog Function .
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. 60
Power Button Function
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. 60
Restore on AC Power Loss
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. 60
Interrupt 19 Capture
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. 60
EUP Support .
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. 60
.
Processor and Clock Options .
007-5777-001
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. 61
CPU Configuration
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. 61
CPU Information .
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. 61
GART Error Reporting
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. 61
Microcode Update .
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. 61
Secure Virtual Machine Mode .
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. 61
Power Now.
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. 61
Power Cap .
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. 61
ACPI SRAT Table .
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. 62
CPU Down Core .
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. 62
C1E Support
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. 62
Clock Spread Spectrum
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. 62
Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge) .
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. 62
Memory Configuration .
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. 62
Bank Interleaving .
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. 62
Node Interleaving .
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. 62
Channel Interleaving .
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. 62
CS Sparing .
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. 63
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ix
Contents
Bank Swizzle Mode
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. 63
ECC Configurations .
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. 63
ECC Mode .
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. 63
DRAM ECC Enable
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. 63
DRAM Scrub Redirect .
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. 63
4-Bit ECC Mode
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. 63
DRAM BG Scrub .
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. 63
Data Cache BG Scrub .
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. 64
L2 Cache BG Scrub.
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. 64
L3 Cache BG Scrub.
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. 64
DRAM Timing Configurations .
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. 64
DRAM Timing Config .
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. 64
Memory Timing Parameters
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. 64
IOMMU.
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. 64
OHCI/EHCI HC Device Functions .
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. 64
USB 2.0 Controller Mode .
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. 65
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. 65
Onboard PCI IDE Controller
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. 65
On Chip SATA Channel
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. 65
On Chip SATA Type
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. 65
SATA IDE Combined Mode
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. 65
PATA Channel Configuration .
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. 65
Primary/Secondary/Third/Fourth IDE Master/Slave
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. 65
IDE Configuration .
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LBA/Large Mode .
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. 65
Block (Multi-Sector Transfer) .
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. 66
PIO Mode .
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. 66
DMA Mode .
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. 66
S.M.A.R.T. .
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. 66
32-Bit Data Transfer
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. 67
Hard Disk Write Protect
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. 67
IDE Detect Timeout (Sec) .
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. 67
ATA(PI) 80-Pin Cable Detection .
PCI/PNP Settings Menu .
x
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. 67
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. 67
007-5777-001
Contents
Clear NVRAM .
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. 67
Plug & Play O/S
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. 67
PCI Latency Timer.
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. 67
ROM Scan Ordering .
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. 68
SXB1 Slot/SXB2 Slot .
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. 68
Onboard LAN Option ROM Select
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. 68
Load Onboard LAN 1 Option ROM .
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. 68
Load Onboard LAN 2 Option ROM .
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. 68
Primary Video Controller .
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. 68
Super I/O Device Configuration
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. 68
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. 68
Serial 1 Address
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Serial 2 Address
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. 69
Serial Port 2 Attribute .
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. 69
Remote Access Configuration .
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. 69
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. 69
Remote Access.
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Serial Port Number.
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. 69
Serial Port Mode .
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. 69
Redirection After BIOS POST.
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. 69
Terminal Type .
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. 70
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Sredir Memory Display Delay .
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. 70
Restore on AC Power Loss
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. 70
Watch Dog Timer .
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. 70
Hardware Health Configuration
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. 70
.
CPU Overheat Alarm .
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. 70
Fan Speed Control .
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. 70
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. 71
ACPI Version Features
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. 71
ACPI Configuration
007-5777-001
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PS2 KB/MS Wakeup .
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. 71
ACPI Aware O/S .
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. 71
ACPI APIC Support
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. 71
Headless Mode.
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. 71
IPMI Configuration .
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. 71
View BMC System Event Log.
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. 71
xi
Contents
Clear BMC System Event Log .
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. 71
Set LAN Configuration .
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. 72
IP Address Source .
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. 72
IP Address .
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. 72
MAC Address .
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. 72
Subnet Mask
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. 72
Gateway Address
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. 73
BMC Watch Dog Timer Action .
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. 73
Event Log Configuration
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. 73
View Event Log
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. 73
Mark All Events as Read
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. 73
Clear Event Log
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. 73
SR56x0 (RD890S) PCIE Error Log
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. 73
Security Menu .
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. 73
Change Supervisor Password .
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. 74
Change User Password .
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. 74
Boot Sector Virus Protection
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. 74
Boot Menu .
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. 74
Boot Device Priority
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. 74
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Hard Disk Drives
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. 74
CD/DVD Drives
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. 74
Retry Boot Devices .
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. 74
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. 75
Save Changes and Exit .
Exit Menu
xii
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. 75
Discard Changes and Exit .
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. 75
Discard Changes
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. 75
Load Optimal Defaults .
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. 75
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
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. 75
PCI Express Configuration .
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. 76
Relaxed Ordering .
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. 76
Extended Tag Field .
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. 76
No Snoop
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. 76
Active State Power Management .
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. 76
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007-5777-001
Contents
Extended Sync .
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. 76
USB Configurations
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. 76
Legacy USB Support .
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. 76
BIOS EHCI Hand Off .
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. 77
Legacy USB1.1 HC Support .
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. 77
USB Mass Storage Device Configuration .
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. 77
USB Mass Storage Reset Delay
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. 77
Emulation Type
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. 77
System Health Monitor .
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. 77
CPU Overheat Temperature
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. 77
System Fan Monitor
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. 78
Fan Speed Control Modes .
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. 78
Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA .
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. 78
Pallette Snooping .
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. 78
PCI IDE Busmaster
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. 78
.
Offboard PCI/ISA IDE Card .
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. 78
IRQ3 ~ IRQ15 Settings
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. 78
DMA Channel 0 ~ DMA Channel 7 Settings .
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. 79
Reserved Memory Size
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. 79
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HotPlug Reserve I/O Port Size.
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. 79
HotPlug Reserve Memory Size
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. 79
HotPlug Reserve PFMemory Size .
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. 79
Onboard NIC PXE Option ROM .
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. 79
BIOS Settings Configuration .
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. 79
Boot Device Priority .
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. 79
Hard Disk Drives .
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. 80
Removable Drives .
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. 80
CD/DVD Drives
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. 80
Network Drives
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. 80
Security Settings Menu
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. 80
Change Supervisor Password .
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. 80
Change User Password.
007-5777-001
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. 80
Boot Sector Virus Protection .
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. 80
xiii
Contents
SouthBridge Configuration .
A15 ECOs .
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. 81
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. 81
Port 0 ~ Port 5 ESP .
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. 81
Dis #THRMTRIP before KBRst
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. 81
SATA-IDE Ports Auto Clk Ctrl
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. 81
SATA-AHCI Ports Auto Clk Ctrl .
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. 81
SATA Port 0 ~ Port 5 Mode
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. 81
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On Chip SATA Channel
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. 81
On Chip SATA Type
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. 82
SATA IDE Combined Mode
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. 82
PATA Channel Configuration .
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. 82
.
Power Saving Features .
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. 82
Port 02 ~ Port 13 Features .
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. 82
Gen 2 High Speed Mode
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. 82
Link ASPM .
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. 82
Link Width .
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. 83
Slot Power Limit, W
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. 83
Compliance Mode .
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. 83
Remap Port Device Number
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. 83
L1 Immediate ACK.
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. 83
Lane Reversal .
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. 83
Hot Plug Support
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. 83
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. 83
NB-SB Port Features
xiv
.
NB-SB Link APSM.
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. 83
Link Width .
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. 84
NP NB-SB VC1 Traffic Support
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. 84
Compliance Mode .
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. 84
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GPP1 ~ GPP3b Core Settings
.
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. 84
Core Configuration .
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. 84
Powerdown Unused Lanes .
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. 84
Turnoff Off PLL During L1/L23 .
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. 84
TX Drive Strength .
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. 84
TXCLK Clock Gating in L1
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. 84
007-5777-001
Contents
LCLK Clock Gating in L1 .
SB Core Settings
.
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. 85
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. 85
TX Drive Strength .
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. 85
TXCLK Clock Gating in L1 .
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. 85
LCLK Clock Gating in L1 .
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. 85
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. 85
Peer to Peer Among GPP1/GPP2 .
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. 85
Debug Options .
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.
Reset to Training Delay (ms) .
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. 85
Receiver Detection Pooling (ms) .
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. 85
Hide Unused PCIE P2P Bridges .
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. 85
GFX Card Workaround
.
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. 86
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.
Debug Bus Configuration .
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. 86
PCIE Debug Bus .
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. 86
Hyper Transport Configuration .
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. 86
HT Extended Address .
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. 86
HT3 Link Power State .
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. 86
Unit ID Clumping .
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. 86
HT Link Tristate
.
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. 86
NB Deemphesis Level .
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. 86
.
.
Primary Video Controller .
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. 87
PCI Spread Spectrum .
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. 87
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. 87
Memory Decod on Sec. 6FX .
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. 87
IOC Peer-to-Peer Mode
Debug Options .
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. 87
Northbridge Interrupt Pin .
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. 87
.
.
A
BIOS Error Codes .
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. 89
B
System Operating and Regulatory Overview
.
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. 91
Operating Environment .
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Regulatory Compliance .
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007-5777-001
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xv
Figures
007-5777-001
Figure 1-1
Rackable C2108-G9 Server .
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Figure 1-2
Processor and I/O Chipset System Block Diagram .
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Figure 2-1
Separating and Installing the Rack Rails .
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Figure 2-2
Outer Rack Rail Assembly Example .
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Figure 2-3
Installing the Server in the Rack .
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Figure 2-4
Accessing the Inside of the System .
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Figure 3-1
System Front and Rear Interface Components .
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Figure 3-2
System Reset Button .
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Figure 3-3
System Power On Button
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Figure 3-4
Power Fail LED .
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Figure 3-5
Overheat/Fan Fail LED .
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Figure 3-6
LAN1 Network Activity NIC1 LED .
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Figure 3-7
LAN2 Network Activity NIC2 LED .
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Figure 3-8
Hard Drive Activity LED
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Figure 3-9
Power On LED .
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Figure 4-1
Installing the Onboard Battery
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Figure 5-1
Control Panel Header Pins
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Figure 5-2
I/O Ports Locations .
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Figure 5-3
Node Board Features .
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Figure 5-4
DIMM Installation Example .
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Figure 5-5
C2108-G9 System Disk Drive Locations
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Figure 6-1
System Cooling Fan Access .
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Figure 6-2
Remove/Replace Fan Example .
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Figure 6-3
Mounting a Drive in a Carrier
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Figure 6-4
Removing a Disk Drive and Carrier .
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xvii
Tables
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Table 5-1
Single-CPU Serverboard Functional DIMM Configurations
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Table 5-2
Dual-CPU Serverboard Functional DIMM Configurations .
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Table A-1
BIOS Error Codes
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xix
About This Guide
This guide provides an overview of the installation, architecture, general operation, and
descriptions of the major components in the SGI® Rackable™ C2108-G9 server. It also provides
basic troubleshooting and maintenance information, BIOS information, and important safety and
regulatory specifications.
Audience
This guide is written for users of SGI Rackable C2108-G9 server systems. It is written with the
assumption that the reader has a good working knowledge of computers and computer systems.
This guide may be useful to installers and system administrators looking for overview information
on the server.
Chapter Descriptions
The following topics are covered in this guide:
007-5777-001
•
Chapter 1, “Introduction”
Provides an overview of the server’s components.
•
Chapter 2, “Server Installation”
Provides a quick setup checklist to get the server operational.
•
Chapter 3, “System Interface”
Describes several LEDs on the control panel as well as others on the SATA drive carriers
that keep you constantly informed of the overall status of the system as well as the activity
and health of specific components.
•
Chapter 4, “System Safety”
Provides general system safety information.
•
Chapter 5, “System Severboard Information”
xxi
Provides best practice procedures to work with a node board in the C2108-G9 chassis, install
memory DIMMs, PCIe expansion cards and hard disk drives.
xxii
•
Chapter 6, “Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service”
Describes some basic steps required to troubleshoot your system. Additional sections in this
chapter are intended to guide you through basic component remove and replace procedures.
•
Chapter 7, “BIOS”
Describes the AMI BIOS Setup Utility for the system severboard.
•
Appendix A, “BIOS Error Codes,”
Provides a brief listing of BIOS error code information.
•
Appendix B, “System Specifications,”
Describes system component environmental specifications and compliance.
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:
Related Publications
The following SGI and LSI documents may be relevant to the use of your server:
•
MegaRAID SAS Software User’s Guide, publication number, 860-0488-00x
•
LSI Integrated SAS for RAID User’s Guide, publication number 860-0476-00x
•
SGI Performance Suite series documentation
•
SGI InfiniteStorage series documentation
•
Man pages (online)
You can obtain SGI documentation (as well as the pertinent LSI books), release notes, or man
pages in the following ways:
•
Refer to the SGI Technical Publications Library at http://docs.sgi.com. Various formats are
available. This library contains the most recent and most comprehensive set of online books,
release notes, man pages, and other information.
•
You can also view man pages by typing man <title> on a command line.
SGI systems include a set of Linux® man pages, formatted in the standard UNIX® “man page”
style. Important system configuration files and commands are documented on man pages. These
are found online on the internal system disk (or DVD-CD) and are displayed using the man
command. For additional information about displaying man pages using the man command, see
man(1).
In addition, the apropos command locates man pages based on keywords. For example, to
display a list of man pages that describe disks, type the following on a command line:
apropos disk
For information about setting up and using apropos, see apropos(1).
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xxiii
Conventions
The following conventions are used throughout this document:
Convention
Meaning
Command
This fixed-space font denotes literal items such as commands, files,
routines, path names, signals, messages, and programming language
structures.
variable
The italic typeface denotes variable entries and words or concepts being
defined. Italic typeface is also used for book titles.
user input
This bold fixed-space font denotes literal items that the user enters in
interactive sessions. Output is shown in nonbold, fixed-space font.
[]
Brackets enclose optional portions of a command or directive line.
...
Ellipses indicate that a preceding element can be repeated.
man page(x)
Man page section identifiers appear in parentheses after man page names.
GUI element
This font denotes the names of graphical user interface (GUI) elements such
as windows, screens, dialog boxes, menus, toolbars, icons, buttons, boxes,
fields, and lists.
Product Support
SGI provides a comprehensive product support and maintenance program for its products. SGI
also offers services to implement and integrate Linux applications in your environment.
xxiv
•
Refer to http://www.sgi.com/support/
•
If you are in North America, contact the Technical Assistance Center at
+1 800 800 4SGI or contact your authorized service provider.
•
If you are outside North America, contact the SGI subsidiary or authorized distributor in
your country.
007-5777-001
:
Reader Comments
If you have comments about the technical accuracy, content, or organization of this document,
contact SGI. Be sure to include the title and document number of the manual with your comments.
(Online, the document number is located in the front matter of the manual. In printed manuals, the
document number is located at the bottom of each page.)
You can contact SGI in any of the following ways:
•
Send e-mail to the following address: [email protected]
•
Contact your customer service representative and ask that an incident be filed in the SGI
incident tracking system.
•
Send mail to the following address:
SGI
Technical Publications
46600 Landing Parkway
Fremont, CA 94538
SGI values your comments and will respond to them promptly.
007-5777-001
xxv
Chapter 1
1. Introduction
Important: SGI Rackable server systems may sometimes require driver versions that are not
included in the original operating system release. When required, SGI provides these drivers on
an SGI Driver CD, which may ship with the system, or on the system disk (pre-installed in the
factory). For more information on this topic check with your sales or service representative.
The Rackable C2108-G9 server is a 2U rackmount system (see Figure 1-1 on page 2).
In addition to the serverboard and chassis, various hardware components may be included with
the system, as listed:
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•
One slim DVD-ROM drive (optional)
•
Three internal 8-cm chassis fans
•
Two passive heatsinks
•
One air shroud
•
SATA or SAS Accessories
•
Eight drive carriers support installation of up to eight disks
•
One or two power supplies
•
One rackmount kit
•
One CD containing drivers and utilities
1
1: Introduction
Figure 1-1
2
Rackable C2108-G9 Server
007-5777-001
Server Board Features
Server Board Features
At the heart of the system is a dual-processor serverboard based on the AMD Opteron chipset and
designed to provide maximum performance. Below are the main features of the serverboard.
Processors
The serverboard supports one or two 8-core, 12-core or 16-core AMD 6100/6200 series Opteron
processors. Each processor sits in a 1944-pin “G34” socket and is interconnected via
HyperTransport (HT) 3.0 link support, see the next subsection for more information on the HT
interconnects.
HyperTransport Interconnect
The HT link is a packet-based link implemented on two unidirectional sets of signals. The link is
nominally point-to-point, and connects exactly two devices. Devices can have multiple HT links
to allow the construction of larger HT fabrics. The HT link consists of a point-to-point x16 link
(16 bits) that supports 6.4 GT/s per link in each direction. The HT link is designed to deliver a
scalable, high-performance interconnect between CPUs and CPU to I/O devices.
Memory
The serverboard has 16 DIMM slots (eight per processor) that support DDR3
1600/1333/1066/800 MHz ECC SDRAM (see “Installing Memory” in Chapter 5).
Serial ATA
A Serial ATA controller ASIC (AMD SP5100) is integrated into the system serverboard to
provide a 3 Gb/s SATA subsystem. The hot-swappable SATA drives are connected to a backplane
that provides power, bus termination and configuration settings. RAID 0, 1, and 10 are supported.
Note that your operating system must have RAID support enabled to accommodate hot swaping
of disk drives. Check with your sales or service representative to obtain information on set-up
procedures if your system did not come pre-configured with SATA RAID.
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3
1: Introduction
Optional SAS RAID Support
An LSI 2008 (SAS2) Serial Attached SCSI controller-equipped system serverboard with on-board
RAID control is optionally available with your system. It provides an eight-port 6Gb/s SAS
subsystem, which supports RAID 0, 1, and 10. Software RAID (SR) and Intitiator Target (IR)
modes are supported. When raided, the SAS drives are hot-swappable units.
Note: Your operating system must have RAID support to enable the hot-swap option. The system
does not support integrated RAID mode (IR mode) or integrated mirroring (IM RAID).
PCI Expansion Slots
The dual processor serverboard has a riser card that supports three full-height PCI Express 2.0 x8
expansion slots. A separate x8 UIO slot is also supported. See the following subsection and also
the section “PCIe Expansion Cards” in Chapter 5 for more information on these topics.
UIO
The serverboard is a specially-designed board that features Universal I/O (UIO) technology. The
UIO slot on the server supports specific UIO option cards at x8 PCIe speeds. The system does not
automatically come with a UIO card pre-installed. Future options may include RAID, Ethernet,
InfiniBand or other HBAs, contact your sales or service representative for more information on
available product options.
Onboard Controllers/Ports
The color-coded I/O ports include one COM port (an additional COM header is located on the
serverboard), a VGA (monitor) port, two external USB 2.0 ports (four additional USB headers and
one Type A port are included internally on the serverboard), PS/2 mouse and keyboard ports and
two gigabit Ethernet ports. A dedicated external IPMI LAN port is also included.
Onboard Graphics Controller
The single/dual-processor serverboard features an integrated Matrox G200 video controller
providing a 16MB DDR2 graphics interface through the system VGA connector. The Matrox
video controller in the 2U server features low power consumption, high reliability and superior
longevity.
4
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Server Chassis Features
Other Features
Other onboard features that promote system health include onboard voltage monitors, a chassis
intrusion header, auto-switching voltage regulators, chassis and CPU overheat sensors, virus
protection and BIOS rescue.
Server Chassis Features
The following subsections provide a general outline of the main features of the Rackable
C2108-G9 server chassis.
System Power
The Rackable C2108-G9 2U server chassis features an optional redundant power supply
composed of two separate power modules. This power redundancy feature allows you to replace
a failed power supply without shutting down the system. Note that each power supply provides up
to 720 Watts of power to the system.
Serial ATA and SAS Subsystems
The server chassis optionally supports 3 Gb/second Serial ATA disk drives or 6 GB/second SAS
drives. RAID drives are hot-swappable units and are connected to a backplane that provides power
and control. Note that the operating system you have installed must support RAID to enable the
hot-swap capability of RAID drives. Up to eight hard disk drives are supported in the server.
Front Control Panel
The control panel on the C2108-G9 server provides you with system monitoring and control.
LEDs that indicate system power, HDD activity, network activity, system overheat and power
supply failure. A main power button and a system reset button are also included. In addition, two
USB ports have been incorporated into the control panel to provide front side USB port access.
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5
1: Introduction
Serverboard
The C2108-G9 server chassis is an ATX form factor chassis designed to be used in a 2U
rackmount configuration. The serverboard’s I/O backplane provides one UIO slot, three
full-height PCIe expansion slots, one COM port, a VGA port, two USB 2.0 ports, PS/2 mouse and
keyboard ports and two Gigabit LAN ports. A dedicated RJ-45 IPMI LAN port is also supported.
Figure 1-2 on page 7 shows a general block diagram of the C2108-G9 processor and I/O chipset.
Cooling System
The 2U server chassis has a cooling design that includes three internal 8-cm hot-plug system
cooling fans located in the middle section of the chassis. An air shroud channels the airflow from
the system fans to efficiently cool the processor area of the system. Each power supply module
also includes a cooling fan.
6
007-5777-001
Server Chassis Features
DIMM A1
DIMM A0
DIMM B1
DIMM B0
DIMM C1
DIMM C0
DIMM D1
DIMM D0
HT3 Link
16x16-3.2GT/s
AMD
Socket G34
CPU2
HT3 Link
16x16-3.2GT/s
DIMM A1
DIMM A0
DIMM B1
DIMM B0
DIMM C1
DIMM C0
DIMM D1
DIMM D0
AMD
Socket G34
CPU1
HT3 Link
(8+8)x(8+8)-6.4GT/s
HT3 Link
16x16-5.2GT/s
RJ45
INTEL
KAWELA
RJ45
PCI-E GEN2 x16
PCI-E GEN2 X4
Slot1
SR5670
Slot3
PCI-E GEN2 x8 (in x4)
RMII
A-Link
VGA
DDR2 SDRAM
64Mb X16bit
PSU I2C
IPMB
Clock Gen
PCI
BMC
VGA
WPCM450-R
SP5100
SMBus
SATA x6
LPC
COM1
COM2
FE PHY
RTL8201N
Figure 1-2
TPM (/OPT)
SPI Flash
SIO
W83527
HWM
W83795G
007-5777-001
MUX
RJ45
KB/MS
7xUSB
Processor and I/O Chipset System Block Diagram
7
Chapter 2
2. Server Installation
This chapter provides a quick setup checklist to get the C2108-G9 operational.
Unpack the System
Inspect the shipping container that the C2108-G9 was shipped in and note if it was damaged in
any way. If the server shows damage, file a damage claim with the carrier who delivered it.
Decide on a suitable location for the rack that supports the weight, power requirements, and
environmental requirements of the C2108-G9 server. It should be situated in a clean, dust-free
environment that is well ventilated. Avoid areas where heat, electrical noise, and electromagnetic
fields are generated. Place the server rack near a grounded power outlet. Refer to “Warnings and
Precautions” on page 10.
Prepare for Setup
The shipping container should include two sets of rail assemblies, two rail mounting brackets and
the mounting screws that you will use to install the system into a rack.
Read this section in its entirety before you begin the installation procedure.
Choose a Setup Location
Leave enough clearance in front of the rack to enable you to open the front door completely (~25
inches) and approximately 30 inches of clearance in the back of the rack to allow for sufficient
airflow and ease in servicing. This clearance may vary depending on the type of rack and
installation site chosen.
007-5777-001
9
2: Server Installation
Warnings and Precautions
Rack Precautions
10
!
Warning: The SGI Rackable C2108-G9 server weighs up to 57 lbs (25.9 kg). Always use
!
Warning: Extend the leveling jacks on the bottom of the rack to the floor with the full
!
Warning: Attach stabilizers to the rack in single rack installations. Failure to do so can
!
Warning: Couple racks together in multiple rack installations. Failure to do so can result
!
Warning: Be sure the rack is stable before extending a component from the rack. Failure
!
Warning: Extend only one component at a time. Extending two or more components
proper lifting techniques when you move the server. Always get the assistance of another
qualified person when you install the sever in a location above your shoulders. Failure to do
so may result in serious personal injury or damage to the equipment.
weight of the rack resting on them. Failure to do so can result in serious injury or death.
result in serious injury or death.
in serious injury or death.
to do so can result in serious injury or death.
simultaneously may cause the rack to tip over and result in serious injury or death.
007-5777-001
Rack Mounting Considerations
Server Precautions
•
Review the electrical and general safety precautions.
•
Determine the placement of each component in the rack before you install the rails.
•
Install the heaviest server components in the bottom of the rack first, and then work up.
•
Add a regulating uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to protect the server from power
surges and voltage spikes and to keep your system operating in case of a power failure.
•
Allow the hot-pluggable SAS/SATA drives and power supply modules to cool before
touching them.
•
Always keep the rack’s front door and all panels and components on the servers closed when
not servicing to maintain proper cooling.
•
The server is not considered suitable for visual display work place devices under the German
government ordinance for work with visual display units.
Rack Mounting Considerations
Use the guidelines provided in the following subsections to properly install the server in a rack.
Ambient Operating Temperature
If installed in a closed or multi-unit rack assembly, the ambient operating temperature of the rack
environment may be greater than the ambient temperature of the room. Therefore, consideration
should be given to installing the equipment in an environment compatible with the manufacturer’s
maximum rated ambient temperature (35º C or 95º F).
Reduced Airflow
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that the amount of airflow required for safe operation
is not compromised.
007-5777-001
11
2: Server Installation
Mechanical Loading
Equipment should be mounted into a rack so that a hazardous condition does not arise due to
uneven mechanical loading.
Circuit Overloading
Consideration should be given to the connection of the equipment to the power supply circuitry
and the effect that any possible overloading of circuits might have on overcurrent protection and
power supply wiring. Appropriate consideration of equipment nameplate ratings should be used
when addressing this concern.
Reliable Ground
A reliable ground must be maintained at all times. To ensure this, the rack itself should be
grounded. Particular attention should be given to power supply connections other than the direct
connections to the branch circuit (for example, the use of power strips, and so on).
Install the System into a Rack
This section provides information on installing the C2108-G9 into a rack. If the system has already
been mounted into a rack, refer to “Check the Node Board Setup” on page 16. There are a variety
of rack units on the market, which may mean the assembly procedure will differ slightly. You
should also refer to the installation instructions that came with the rack unit you are using. Note
that this rail kit will fit a rack between 26" and 33.5" deep.
Separate the Sections of the Rack Rails
The chassis package includes two rail assemblies in the rack mounting kit.
Each assembly consists of two sections: an inner fixed chassis rail that secures directly to the
server chassis and an outer fixed rack rail that secures directly to the rack itself.
To separate the inner and outer rails, perform the following steps:
12
007-5777-001
Install the System into a Rack
1.
Locate the rail assembly in the chassis packaging as shown in Figure 2-1.
2. Extend the rail assembly by pulling it outward.
3. Press the quick-release tab
4. Separate the inner rail from the outer rail assembly.
Rail Assembly
1
Extending the Rails
2
3
QuickRelease Tab
4
Separating the
Inner Rail Extension
7
5
6
Figure 2-1
007-5777-001
Separating and Installing the Rack Rails
13
2: Server Installation
Outer Rack Rails
Outer rails attach to the rack and hold the chassis in place. They extend between 26.5 and 36.4
inches.
1.
Measure the depth of the rack (distance from the front rail to the rear rail) to ensure it
complies with the limitations listed in the previous subsections.
2. Attach a short bracket to the front side of the right outer rail (see Figure 2-2) and a long
bracket to the rear side of the right outer rail.
3. Adjust both the short and long brackets to the proper distance so that the rail can fit snugly
into the rack.
4. Secure the short bracket to the front side of the outer rail with two M4 screws and the long
bracket to the rear side of the outer rail with three M4 screws.
5. Repeat the previous steps to properly install the left outer rail.
The Inner Rail Extension
The chassis includes a set of factory-installed inner rails in two sections: inner rails and inner rail
extensions. The inner rails are pre-attached to the chassis, and do not interfere with normal use of
the chassis if you decide not to use a server rack. The inner rail extension is attached to the inner
rail to mount the chassis in the rack.
Figure 2-2
14
Outer Rack Rail Assembly Example
007-5777-001
Install the System into a Rack
Using the Rail Locking Tabs
Both chassis rails have a locking tab, which serves two functions:
•
The tabs can lock the server into place when installed and pushed fully into the rack, (its
normal operating position).
•
The tabs also lock the server in place when fully extended from the rack. This prevents the
server from coming completely out of the rack when pulled out for servicing.
Depress both tabs at the same time to fully remove the server from its rail mounting and extract it
from the rack.
Install the Server in a Rack
!
Warning: The SGI Rackable C2108-G9 server weighs up to 57 lbs (25.9 kg) Always use
proper lifting techniques when your move the server. Always get the assistance of another
qualified person when you install the sever in a location above your shoulders. Failure to do
so may result in serious personal injury or damage to the equipment.
1.
Extend the outer rails as shown in Figure 2-3.
2. Align the inner rails of the chassis with the outer rails on the rack.
Figure 2-3
007-5777-001
Installing the Server in the Rack
15
2: Server Installation
3. Slide the inner rails into the outer rails, keeping the pressure even on both sides. When the
chassis has been pushed completely into the rack, it should click into the locked position.
4. Optional screws are recommended to secure and hold the front of the chassis to the rack.
Check the Node Board Setup
If needed, you can use the following sections to open the top cover and check that each node board
is properly installed and all the connections have been made.
Access the Inside of the Chassis
1.
Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the unit straight out until it locks (you will hear
a “click”).
2. Depress the two buttons on the top of the chassis to release the top cover as shown in
Figure 2-4.
3. Lift the top cover from the chassis.
Note: To remove the system from the rack completely, depress the locking tabs on the chassis
rails (push the right-side tab down and the left-side tab up) to continue to pull the system out
past the locked position.
16
007-5777-001
Check the Node Board Setup
Figure 2-4
Accessing the Inside of the System
Check the CPUs (processors)
Standard factory systems ship with one or two processors installed onto the serverboard. Each
processor needs its own heatsink.
007-5777-001
17
2: Server Installation
Check the System Memory
Your server system is shipped with system memory installed. Make sure all DIMMs are fully
seated in their slots. For details on adding system memory, refer to Chapter 3.
Install Expansion PCIe Cards
You can install expansion PCIe cards in the system. Refer to Chapter 3 for information on
installing PCIe expansion cards.
Check all Cable Connections and Airflow
Make sure all power and data cables are properly connected and not blocking the chassis airflow.
Refer to Chapter 3 for details on cable connections.
Check the Drive Bay Setup
Next, you should check to make sure the system disk drives and disk drive backplane have been
properly installed and all connections have been made.
Check the System Disk Drives
All drives are accessible from the front of the server. For servicing the DVD-ROM, you will need
to remove the top chassis cover. The hard drives can be installed and removed from the front of
the chassis without removing the top chassis cover. Depending upon your system configuration,
your system may have one or more drives installed. For detailed information about how to install
disk drives, see “Hard Disk Drives (C2108-G9 Chassis)” in Chapter 5.
If you have more than 4TB of storage, you must create multiple volumes to fully utilize your
RAID disks.
A slim DVD-ROM may be pre installed in your server. Refer to Chapter 6 if you need to install a
DVD-ROM disk drive into the system.
Depending upon your system's configuration, your system may have one or more drives already
installed. If you need to install hard drives, please refer to Chapter 6.
18
007-5777-001
Check the Node Board Setup
Check the Airflow
Airflow is provided by three hot-swappable 8-cm chassis cooling fans. The system component
layout was carefully designed to direct sufficient cooling airflow to the components that generate
the most heat.
Note: Make sure that all power and data cables have been routed in such a way that they do not
block the airflow generated by the fans.
Supply Power to the System
If necessary, install the system in a rack (refer to “Install the System into a Rack” on page 12), and
connect the power cords from the power supply modules into a power strip or power distribution
unit (PDU). An optionally available uninterruptible power supply (UPS) can ensure continued
operation in case of a failure of the regular power source.
After all power connections are verified, push the power-on button on the front of the server when
you wish to power on the unit.
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19
Chapter 3
3. System Interface
Overview
There are several LEDs on the control panel as well as others on the drive carriers and power
supplies to keep you constantly informed of the overall status of the system, see Figure 3-1.
Slim DVD-ROM
drive
USB
ports
3.5" drive bays
Front
COM
port 2
System
LEDs
System
reset
2
Main
power
1
RESET
COMPACT
Keyboard
3 full size x8 PCIe slots
IPMI LAN
Mouse
Rear
Serial
port
VGA
port
UIO card slot
Ethernet
ports
USB
ports
Figure 3-1
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System Front and Rear Interface Components
21
3: System Interface
Control Panel Buttons
In addition to monitoring the activity and health of specific components using LEDs, the system
uses two buttons located on the front of the chassis: a reset button and a power on/off button. Use
the reset button to reboot the system as shown in Figure 3-2.
Figure 3-2
System Reset Button
Figure 3-3 shows the main power button, which is used to apply or turn off the main system power.
Turning off system power with this button removes the main power but keeps standby power
supplied to the system.
Figure 3-3
22
System Power On Button
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Control Panel LEDs
Control Panel LEDs
The control panel located on the front of the chassis has several LEDs. These LEDs provide you
with critical information related to different parts of the system. This section explains what each
LED indicates when illuminated and any corrective action you may need to take.
Power Fail
The power fail LED indicates a power supply module has failed as shown in Figure 3-4. The
(optionally available) second power supply module will take the load and keep the system running
but the failed module will need to be replaced. Refer to Chapter 6 for details on replacing the
power supply. This LED should be off when the system is operating normally.
Figure 3-4
Power Fail LED
Overheat/Fan Fail
When the red overheat/fan LED flashes (shown in Figure 3-5), it indicates a fan failure. When on
continuously it indicates an overheat condition, which may be caused by cables obstructing the
airflow in the system or the ambient room temperature being too warm.
Check the routing of the cables and make sure all fans are present and operating normally. You
should also check to make sure that the chassis covers are installed. This LED will remain flashing
or on as long as the indicated condition exists.
Figure 3-5
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Overheat/Fan Fail LED
23
3: System Interface
NIC1
When flashing, the NIC1 LED indicates network activity on the LAN1 port (see Figure 3-6).
1
Figure 3-6
LAN1 Network Activity NIC1 LED
NIC2
When flashing, the NIC2 LED indicates network activity on the LAN2 port (see Figure 3-7).
2
Figure 3-7
LAN2 Network Activity NIC2 LED
HDD
The HDD LED indicates hard drive activity when flashing (see Figure 3-8).
Figure 3-8
24
Hard Drive Activity LED
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Drive Carrier LEDs
Power
The power LED indicates power is being supplied to the system's power supply unit(s). An
example LED is shown in Figure 3-9. This LED should normally be illuminated when the system
is operating.
Figure 3-9
Power On LED
Drive Carrier LEDs
The system hard disk drives each have two LEDs, that function as listed in the following two
subsections:
SATA Drive Status LEDs
•
Green: When illuminated, the green LED on the drive carrier indicates drive activity. A
connection to the drive backplane enables this LED to blink on and off when that particular
drive is being accessed. Please refer to Chapter 6 for instructions on replacing failed drives.
•
Red: When this LED is flashing it indicates that a raided drive is rebuilding. A solidly lit red
LED indicates a drive failure. If one of the drives fails, you should be notified by your
system management software. Please refer to Chapter 6 for instructions on replacing failed
drives.
SAS Drive Status LEDs
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•
Green: When illuminated, the green LED on the drive carrier indicates the SAS drive is
powered on. When not lit, it indicates no power is provided to the disk drive.
•
Red: When this LED is flashing it indicates that a raided drive is rebuilding. A solidly lit red
LED indicates a drive failure. If the drives fails, you should be notified by your system
management software. Refer to Chapter 6 for instructions on replacing failed drives.
25
Chapter 4
4. System Safety
This chapter describes basic safety precautions when using the server.
Electrical Safety Precautions
Basic electrical safety precautions should be followed to protect yourself from harm and the
Rackable C2108-G9 system from damage, as follows:
007-5777-001
•
Be aware of the locations of the power on/off switch on the chassis as well as the room's
emergency power-off switch, disconnection switch or electrical outlet. If an electrical
accident occurs, you can then quickly remove power from the system.
•
Do not work alone when working with high voltage components.
•
Power should always be disconnected from the system when removing or installing main
system components, such as the memory modules and disk drives. When disconnecting
power, you should first power down the operating system and then unplug the power cords.
The unit can have more than one power supply cord. Disconnect two power supply cords
before servicing to avoid electrical shock.
•
When working around exposed electrical circuits, another person who is familiar with the
power-off controls should be nearby to switch off the power if necessary.
•
Use only one hand when working with powered-on electrical equipment. This is to avoid
making a complete circuit, which will cause electrical shock. Use extreme caution when
using metal tools, which can easily damage any electrical components or circuit boards they
come into contact with.
•
Do not use mats designed to decrease static electrical discharge as protection from electrical
shock. Instead, use rubber mats that have been specifically designed as electrical insulators.
•
The power supply power cords must include a grounding plug and must be plugged into
grounded electrical outlets or power distribution unit (PDUs).
27
4: System Safety
Serverboard Battery
!
Caution: There is a danger of explosion if the onboard battery is installed upside down,
which will reverse its polarities (see Figure 4-1). This battery must be replaced only with the
same or an equivalent type recommended by the manufacturer. Check with your service
representative if you have any questions. Dispose of used batteries according to the
manufacturer's instructions.
Lithium battery
Battery holder
Figure 4-1
Installing the Onboard Battery
DVD-ROM Laser
!
Caution: This server may have come equipped with a DVD drive. To prevent direct
exposure to the laser beam and hazardous radiation exposure, do not open the drive enclosure
or use the unit in any unconventional way.
Mainboard Replaceable Soldered-in Fuses
Important: If your system comes with self-resetting PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient)
fuses on the serverboard, they must be replaced by trained service technicians only. The new fuse
must be the same or equivalent as the one replaced. Contact your technical support organization
for details and support.
28
007-5777-001
General Safety Precautions
General Safety Precautions
Follow these rules to ensure general safety:
•
Keep the area around the Rackable C2108-G9 system clean and free of clutter.
•
The Rackable C2108-G9 system weighs approximately 57 lbs (25.9 kg.) when fully loaded.
When lifting the system, two people at either end should lift slowly with their feet spread out
to distribute the weight. Always keep your back straight and lift with your legs.
•
Place the chassis top cover and any system components that have been removed away from
the system or on a table so that they won't accidentally be stepped on.
•
While working on the system, do not wear loose clothing such as neckties and unbuttoned
shirt sleeves, which can come into contact with electrical circuits or be pulled into a cooling
fan.
•
Remove any jewelry or metal objects from your body, which are excellent metal conductors
that can create short circuits and harm you if they come into contact with printed circuit
boards or areas where power is present.
•
After accessing the inside of the system, close the system back up and secure it to the rack
unit with the retention screws after ensuring that all connections have been made.
ESD Precautions
!
Caution: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) is generated by two objects with different electrical
charges coming into contact with each other. An electrical discharge is created to neutralize this
difference, which can damage electronic components and printed circuit boards.
The following measures are generally sufficient to neutralize this difference before contact is
made to protect your equipment from ESD:
007-5777-001
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
•
Keep all components and printed circuit boards (PCBs) in their antistatic bags until ready for
use.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing the board from the antistatic bag.
•
Do not let components or PCBs come into contact with your clothing, which may retain a
charge even if you are wearing a wrist strap.
29
4: System Safety
30
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips, memory
modules or contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not in use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent conductivity
between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and the serverboard.
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Chapter 5
5. System Serverboard Information
This chapter includes best practice procedures to work with a node board in the C2108-G9 chassis,
install memory DIMMs, PCIe expansion cards and hard disk drives.
A layout and quick reference chart is included in this chapter for your reference. See “Installing
Memory” on page 37.
Note: Some software products are protected with software license keys derived from the
Media Access Control (MAC) Ethernet address. If your system requires the replacement of a node
board, the MAC Ethernet address changes. If you are using such a product, you must request a
new license key after replacing the node board. Contact your local customer support office:
http://www.sgi.com/support/supportcenters.html
!
Caution: Install the chassis cover after you have completed accessing the components inside the
server to maintain proper airflow and cooling for the system.
Handling the Node Board
!
007-5777-001
Caution: Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electrostatic-sensitive devices inside the
C2108-G9 server. Use the ESD precautions described below when you handle printed circuit
boards or other components in the system. The following measures are generally sufficient to
protect your equipment from electric static discharge.
31
5: System Serverboard Information
ESD Precautions
•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent electrostatic discharge.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic bag.
•
Handle each printed circuit board (PCB) by the edges; do not touch the components,
peripheral chips, memory modules, or gold contacts on the PCB.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching the pins.
•
Place the node board, expansion PCI cards, or other boards and components into antistatic
bags when not in use.
•
Make sure your computer chassis provides a conductive path between the power supply, the
case, the mounting fasteners, and the node board to chassis ground.
Unpacking
!
Caution: The node board is shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid electrostatic discharge
damage. Be sure to use ESD precautions when you unpack replacement components for the
C2108-G9 server. Failure to do so can result in damage to the equipment.
Connecting the Control Panel
JF1 contains header pins for various front control panel connectors. See Figure 5-1 for the pin
locations of the various front control panel buttons and LED indicators.
All JF1 wires have been bundled into a single cable to simplify this connection. Make sure the red
wire plugs into pin 1 as marked on the board. The other end connects to the Control Panel PCB
board, located just behind the system status LEDs on the chassis.
32
007-5777-001
Serverboard I/O Ports
20
Ground
NMI
x (Key)
x (Key)
Power On LED
Vcc
HDD LED
Vcc
NIC1 LED
Vcc
NIC2 LED
Vcc
OH/Fan Fail LED
Vcc
Power Fail LED
Vcc
Ground
Reset (Button)
Ground
Power (Button)
2
Figure 5-1
19
1
Control Panel Header Pins
Serverboard I/O Ports
The I/O ports are color coded in conformance with the PC 99 specification. See Figure 5-2 below
for the colors and locations of the various I/O ports.
Figure 5-2
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I/O Ports Locations
33
5: System Serverboard Information
Serverboard Details
The 2U C2108-G9 system chassis has one node board. The C2108-G9 serverboard is configured
with one or two processors. When configured with two processors, the following rules apply:
•
Both processor sockets must have identical revisions, core voltage, and bus/core speed.
•
The stepping between the processors on the board must be identical.
•
See Figure 5-3 for CPU locations on the serverboard - note that the drawing is not to scale.
•
AMD Opteron 6100/6200 series (Socket G34 type) processors
•
Sixteen DIMM slots supporting 1600/1333/1066/800 MHz registered ECC SDRAM
CPUs
Memory
Note: Refer to the memory installation information in this guide before installing new
memory. Check with your authorized sales/service representative for approved DIMM types.
Chipsets
•
The AMD SR5670 and SP5100 Southbridge chipsets are used on the system serverboard
•
Three (3) PCI-Express x8 Gen. 2
•
One (1) UIO BIOS x8
•
16 Mb AMIBIOS® SPI Flash ROM
Expansion Slots
System Health Monitoring
34
•
Onboard voltage monitors
•
Fan status monitor with firmware/software on/off and speed control
•
Watch Dog
•
Environmental temperature monitoring via BIOS
•
Power-up mode control for recovery from AC power loss
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Serverboard I/O Ports
•
System resource alert (via included utility program)
•
Auto-switching voltage regulator for the CPU core
•
CPU thermal trip support
•
I2C temperature sensing logic
•
Chassis intrusion detection
•
Microsoft OnNow available
•
Slow blinking LED for suspend state indicator
•
BIOS support for USB keyboard
•
Wake-On-LAN (WOL)
•
Internal/external modem ring-on
•
Hardware BIOS Virus protection
•
SATA ports supported by an on-chip SATA controller (RAID 0, 1, 10 supported)
•
Eight (8) SAS ports supported by an LSI 2008 SAS2 controller (RAID 0, 1, 10 supported;
Raid 5 Optional) (SAS only) See Figure 5-3 on page 36
•
Two (2) Fast UART 16550 compatible serial ports (one header and one port)
•
Seven (7) USB (Universal Serial Bus 2.0) ports (2x rear and 2x front [external], 3x header,1x
type A)
•
Two (2) LAN ports supported by an onboard Intel® 82576 dual port Ethernet controller for
10/100/1000Base-T
•
One (1) dedicated (RJ-45) IPMI LAN port
•
One (1) VGA port supported by an onboard Matrox® G200 graphics controller (with 16 MB
DDR2 memory)
ACPI Features
Onboard I/O
Serverboard Dimensions
Proprietary board format is: 12.28" x 13.05" (312 mm x 331 mm).
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35
5: System Serverboard Information
UID
P2-DIMM1A
P2-DIMM1B
P2-DIMM2B
P2-DIMM2A
P2-DIMM3A
JPW1
JPW2
JPW3
USB2/3 FAN6
JWF1
KB/MOUSE
USB0/1
IPMI_LAN
P2-DIMM3B
P2-DIMM4B
P2-DIMM4A
P1-DIMM4B
P1-DIMM3B
P1-DIMM4A
P1-DIMM2B
P1-DIMM3A
P1-DIMM1B
P1-DIMM2A
P1-DIMM1A
T-SGPIO2
USB4/5
FAN1
FAN7
JPI2C
FAN2
FAN4
FAN5
USB6
SATA5
CPU1
T-SGPIO1
SATA3
PCI-E 2.0 x8 in x4 SLOT
JP2
SATA1
FAN8
PCI-E 2.0 x16 SLOT
JI2C2
JPG1
JWD
SATA4
LAN1
CPU2
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36
Node Board Features
Figure 5-3
JD1
SATA2
JL1
Winbond
BMC
IPMB
DP2
FAN3
JF1
SATA0
JOH1
AMD
SR5670
AMD
SP5100
JI2C1
COM2
BATTERY
LAN2
UIOP
JPL1
COM1
VGA
LE1
JBT1
Installing Memory
Installing Memory
!
Caution: Exercise extreme care when installing or removing DIMM modules to prevent any
possible damage.
The C2108-G9 serverboard supports up to 16 DIMM slots. Three-way interleaved memory is
supported. For optimal memory performance always use memory modules of the same type and
speed. See the following table for memory installation.
Install DIMMs
Perform the following steps to install memory modules, as follows:
1.
Insert the DIMM module vertically and press down into its slot until it snaps into place. Pay
attention to the alignment notch at the bottom of the module to avoid installing incorrectly
(see Figure 5-4). Insert the desired number of DIMMs into the memory slots, beginning with
DIMM #1A and DIMM #2A, then DIMM #3A and DIMM #4A, etc. (see Table 5-1 on
page 38 for DIMM placement with single-CPU serverboards). Always spread DIMMs
across all applicable banks for each CPU. Gently press down on the DIMM module until it
snaps into place in the slot. Repeat for all modules.
2. When working with a dual-CPU serverboard and 8 or 16 DIMMs, install in slots
CPU1/DIMM1A, CPU1/DIMM2A, CPU1/DIMM3A and CPU1/DIMM4A, etc. Always
install in groups of four and in the numerical order of the DIMM slots. See Table 5-2 on
page 39 for DIMM support configuration information.
3. Gently press down on the memory module until it snaps into place.
4. Repeat the installation steps to populate each of the applicable CPU DIMM slots. See
Table 5-2 on page 39 for 32-DIMM application on a serverboard.
For the most efficient operation, always install an even number and equal amount of DIMMs to
support each CPU.
Note: 1 GB, 2 GB, 4 GB, 8 GB and 16 GB memory modules are supported. It is highly
recommended that you remove the power cord from the system before installing or changing
memory modules. Check with your sales or service representative for memory that has been tested
and approved for the serverboard.
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37
5: System Serverboard Information
Memory Support
The serverboard supports 1600/1333/1066/800 registered ECC/Unbuffered ECC/non-ECC
SDRAM. Only interleaved memory is supported, so you must equally populate DIMM slots for
optimal functionality (see procedure above).
Populating four adjacent slots at a time with memory modules of the same size and type (single or
dual-rank) will result in interleaved (128-bit) memory, which is faster than non-interleaved
(64-bit) memory.
To remove a DIMM module, use your thumbs to gently push the release tabs near both ends of the
module (see Figure 5-4). This should release it from the slot.
1
Front view
Notch
Notch
2
Release tab
Release tab
Top view of DDR3 slot
38
Figure 5-4
DIMM Installation Example
Table 5-1
Single-CPU Serverboard Functional DIMM Configurations
#DIMMs
CPU
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
4 DIMMs
CPU1
P2-1A
P1-2A
P1-3A
P1-4A
8 DIMMs
CPU1
P1-1A & P1-1B P1-2A & P1-2B P1-3A & P1-3B P1-4A & P1-4B
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Installing Memory
Table 5-2
Dual-CPU Serverboard Functional DIMM Configurations
#DIMMs
CPU
Channel 1
Channel 2
Channel 3
Channel 4
8 DIMMs
CPU1
P1-1A
P1-2A
P1-3A
P1-4A
CPU2
P2-1A
P2-2A
P2-3A
P2-4A
CPU1
P1-1A & P1-1B
P1-2A & P1-2B
P1-3A & P1-3B
P1-4A & P1-4B
CPU2
P2-1A & P2-1B
P2-2A & P2-2B
P2-3A & P2-3B
P2-4A & P2-4B
16 DIMMs
Memory DIMM Layout
The C2108-G9 memory bus is a controller array intended for use with one or two processor
configurations. Note that memory DIMM slots should be populated equally in adjacent memory
banks on each channel for optimal performance.
Memory DIMM Functionality Guidelines
Use the following guidelines when installing memory DIMMs:
The minimum memory recommended on the system is 8 GB.
•
Populate the DIMMs in groups of four or eight per CPU as described in Table 5-1 on
page 38 and Table 5-2 on page 39.
•
A minimum of one DIMM per processor must always be present for the system to function.
•
Mixing DIMM Sizes - When mixing DIMMs on a processor that has a mixed number of
ranks, it is recommended to have the total number of ranks on each channel be the same to
avoid bandwidth degradation. Example: placing a single-rank DIMM and a dual-rank
DIMM on the same channel is not desirable.
Note: The speed of the memory controller will reduce to the lowest speed DIMM on the channel.
The following conditions must be met to utilize a maximum memory speed of 1600 MT/s:
•
007-5777-001
The processor must be capable of supporting 1600 MT/s
39
5: System Serverboard Information
•
The DIMM must be capable of running at 1600 MT/s
•
Only one single-rank or dual-rank 1600 MT/s DIMM is placed on each channel.
For highest performance, all DIMMs on a processor should be dual-ranked DIMMs of the same
capacity and speed. See the section “Configuring DIMM Memory for Best Performance” for
additional processor/memory combination performance tips.
Configuring DIMM Memory for Best Performance
In addition to the rules listed in the previous subsection (“Memory DIMM Functionality
Guidelines”), use the following guidelines to maximize processor/DIMM performance:
•
40
For maximum memory performance, the DIMMs on a processor must be identical in:
–
Speed (1600 or 1333 MT/sec)
–
Number of ranks (1 or 2) - use of quad-rank DIMMs will reduce overall performance
•
When configuring the memory for maximum overall capacity and performance, it is critical
that the memory DIMM capacity, speed and rank configuration is balanced across all
memory channels.
•
Populating two 1333 MT/s DIMMs (dual-rank with identical capacity) on each channel of a
processor delivers up to 10.66 GB/s per channel memory bandwidth.
•
Best speed performance is obtained with four 1600 MT/sec DIMMs for each processor (one
on each channel). The DIMMs must be single or dual-ranked and identical in speed and
capacity. Note that this will constrain the overall memory capacity available.
007-5777-001
Hard Disk Drives (C2108-G9 Chassis)
Hard Disk Drives (C2108-G9 Chassis)
The 2U chassis supports a maximum of eight SAS or SATA disk drives. Install the drives from left
to right starting in the bottom-left bay. Disk drive bays must be populated with either a drive or a
“drive blank” to maintain system thermals. Failure to follow this guideline may cause system
overheating and thermal shutdown of the unit.
RESET
COMPACT
Drive 4
Drive 5
Drive 6
Drive 7
Drive 0
Drive 1
Drive 2
Drive 3
Figure 5-5
C2108-G9 System Disk Drive Locations
Drive Configurations
The disk drive configurations supported in the Rackable C2108-G9 server are outlined in the
paragraphs that follow. Note that some configurations are dependent on use of optional SAS drives
in the system. The system must have an optional SAS-enabled configuration to use SAS drives as
either Jbod or RAID.
The supported disk drive configurations are as follows:
•
JBOD
This non-RAID disk array supports any number of drives between one and eight. The
operating system is placed on the disk drive in location 0 (system disk). All other drives are
data drives.
•
RAID 0
Disk striping without parity, supports any number of drives between two and eight. Note that
all drives must be the same type, speed and capacity. The operating system will be striped
across all drives in the system. This configuration is not recommended.
•
RAID 1
Disk mirroring, supports exactly two drives. The two drives represent one RAID 1 logical
drive. The operating system will be installed on the drives located in Drive positions 0 and 1.
Note that both drives must be of the same type, speed and capacity.
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41
5: System Serverboard Information
•
RAID 10
Mirrored disk striping, the data is striped across one set of drives and then mirrored on
another set of drives. A minimum of four drives of the same type are required. The total
number of drives must be an even number (4, 6 or 8). A total of four drives is a 2+2 and six
drives is a 3+3, with eight drives being a 4+4 configuration. The operating system will be
striped across all drives in the primary set and then mirrored on the secondary set of drives.
Note that all drives must be the same type, speed and capacity.
42
007-5777-001
PCIe Expansion Cards
PCIe Expansion Cards
A riser card is used to support a standard size (full-height full-length) PCI expansion card.
There are three PCIe expansion slots and one UIO slot available with the C2108-G9 server. The
option slots function as listed:
•
Three PCIe 2.0 x8 slots
•
One UIO slot (PCIe x8 speed)
Note: Select option cards can use the UIO slot, contact your sales or service representative for
information on approved option cards.
Installing a PCIe Expansion Card
Confirm that you have the correct riser card for your chassis model and the add-on card includes
a standard bracket.
1.
Remove the chassis cover.
2. Install the riser card by sliding card into the appropriate riser card in the serverboard.
3. Choose the PCI slot shield in which to place the add-on card.
4. In that slot, open the PCI slot shield lever and slide the shield sideways.
5. From inside the chassis, remove the PCI slot shield.
6. Slide the add-on card into the riser card and attach the add-on card bracket in place of the
PCI slot shield.
7. Secure the add-on card by closing the PCI slot shield lever.
8. Connect cables to the add-on card as necessary.
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43
5: System Serverboard Information
Power Supply Functional Rating
The C2108-G9 server default configuration is one rear-installed 720-Watt power supply. The
optional second power supply acts as a redundant power unit for the server. The supplies are
“auto-ranging” and can operate from either 100-140V or 180-240V levels at 50 or 60Hz.
Each power supply module has its own cooling fan.
The supplies used have an 80 Plus Gold Certification rating.
44
007-5777-001
Chapter 6
6. Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
Use the procedures in the first half of this chapter to troubleshoot your system. If you have
followed all of the procedures below and still need assistance, check with your authorized support
organization.
The subsections in the second half of this chapter starting with “Chassis Service Information” on
page 47 are intended to guide you through basic component remove and replace procedures.
Basic Troubleshooting Procedures
Use the information in the following subsections to remedy basic problems you might encounter
when working with the Rackable C2108-G9 server.
If the System Does Not Power Up
If the system will not power up when the front power button is pushed, use the following checklist
to identify common sources for the problem:
•
Make sure that both ends of each system power cable are firmly connected to the power
supply and the corresponding power source(s) or power distribution unit (PDU).
•
Check to see if the power fail LED is lit on the front of the unit. This LED should be off if
the system is operating normally.
•
Check that the LED on each power supply is properly lit. The power supply has one status
LED located on the left side of the front of the power supply. The LED has three states:
•
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–
Dark or off - indicates no AC power present
–
Yellow - AC power is present, the server is not turned on (no DC power)
–
Green - AC power is present and the server is turned on (DC power present)
Open the system cover, remove the air shroud and check to make sure that no obvious short
circuits exist between the serverboard and chassis.
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6: Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
System Powers Up But Will Not Boot
If the system powers up but will not boot the Operating System, check the following:
•
Check the system order document(s) - the C2108-G9 server may have been ordered with no
operating system. If so, check with your system administrator for OS loading information.
•
Check the system disk (drive 0) for drive activity and confirm that it is firmly seated in the
disk bay. A red light on the front of the disk indicates a functional error. Check with your
service provider or local system administrator.
No Video After System Power Up
If the system powers up and appears to be booting normally but no video is present, try the
following basic solutions:
•
Confirm your monitor is plugged in and switched on.
•
Check all video cables and ensure they are properly connected.
•
If using an optional PCIe video card check the back of the card for LED activity or a fault
indicator. Try opening the system, reseating the PCI card and rebooting.
If you cannot get a video signal after trying basic solutions contact your support provider.
Memory Errors
If your system experiences memory related errors, try these basic troubleshooting steps to resolve
or better identify the problem:
•
Confirm that the power supply LED is not indicating an error.
•
Shut the system down, remove the covers over the serverboard and make sure that all the
DIMM modules are properly and fully installed.
•
You should be using registered ECC DDR3 memory. Also, it is recommended that you use
the same memory type and speed for all DIMMs in the system. See Chapter 5 for more
memory details.
•
Check for bad DIMM modules or slots by swapping modules between slots and noting the
results.
Contact your administrator or support provider if the memory errors continue.
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Chassis Service Information
Chassis Service Information
The following sections cover the steps required to install components and perform maintenance
on the C2108-G9 chassis. For component installation, follow the steps in the order given to
eliminate the most common problems encountered. If some steps are unnecessary, skip ahead to
the step that follows.
Important: Always disconnect the AC power cord(s) before adding, changing or installing any
internal hardware components.
Tools Required: The only tool you will need to install components and perform maintenance is
a Phillips screwdriver.
Static-Sensitive Devices
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage electronic components. To prevent damage to any
printed circuit boards (PCBs), it is important to handle them very carefully. The following
measures are generally sufficient to protect your equipment from ESD damage.
Precautions
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•
Use a grounded wrist strap designed to prevent static discharge.
•
Touch a grounded metal object before removing any board from its antistatic bag.
•
Handle a board by its edges only; do not touch its components, peripheral chips, memory
modules or gold contacts.
•
When handling chips or modules, avoid touching their pins.
•
Put the serverboard, add-on cards and peripherals back into their antistatic bags when not in
use.
•
For grounding purposes, make sure your computer chassis provides excellent conductivity
between the power supply, the case, the mounting fasteners and the serverboard.
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6: Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
Unpacking
Replacement components are usually shipped in antistatic packaging to avoid static damage.
When unpacking an upgrade or replacement component, make sure the person handling it is static
protected.
Control Panel
The control panel (located on the front of the chassis) must be connected to the JF1 connector on
the serverboard to provide you with system status indications. A ribbon cable has bundled these
wires together to simplify the connection. Connect the cable from JF1 on the serverboard to the
Control Panel PCB (printed circuit board). Make sure the red wire plugs into pin 1 on both
connectors. Pull all excess cabling out of the airflow path. The LEDs inform you of system status.
See Chapter 3 for details on the LEDs and the control panel buttons. Details on JF1 can be found
in Chapter 5.
System Fans
Three 8-cm hot-swap fans provide the cooling for the system. It is very important that the chassis
top cover is properly installed and making a good seal in order for the cooling air to circulate
properly through the chassis and cool the components. See Figure 6-2 for a chassis top cover
removal example.
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System Fans
Figure 6-1
System Cooling Fan Access
System Fan Failure
Fan speed is controlled by system temperature via a BIOS setting. If a fan fails, the remaining fans
will ramp up to full speed and the overheat/fan fail LED on the control panel will flash. Replace
any failed fan as soon as possible with the same type and model (the system can continue to run
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6: Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
with a failed fan). Remove the top chassis cover while the system is still running to determine
which of the fans has failed.
Replacing System Fans
This section describes how to remove or install a system fan.
Removing a Fan
1.
Remove the chassis cover as shown in Figure 6-1 on page 49.
2. Press the tabs on the sides of the fan to unlock and remove the fan (see example in
Figure 6-2) and its housing. The fan's power connections will automatically detach.
3. System power does not need to be shut down since the fans are hot-pluggable.
Figure 6-2
50
Remove/Replace Fan Example
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Drive Bay Installation/Removal
Installing a New Fan
1.
Replace the failed fan with an identical 8-cm, 12 volt fan.
2. Position the new fan into the space vacated by the failed fan previously removed. A “click”
can be heard when the fan is fully installed in place and the power connections are made.
3. If the system power is on, the hot-plug feature will cause the fan to start immediately upon
being connected to its header on the serverboard.
Drive Bay Installation/Removal
This section describes drive bay installation and removal.
Accessing the Drive Bays
Drives: You do not need to access the inside of the chassis or remove power to replace or swap a
RAIDed hard disk drive. Data may be lost or corrupted if you “hot swap” a Jbod disk drive.
Removing a drive without replacing it may cause system errors. Proceed to the next section for
further hard drive instructions.
Note: You must use approved standard 1" high, disk drives in the system.
DVD-ROM Drive: For installing/removing the DVD-ROM disk drive, you will need to gain
access to the inside of the server by removing the top cover of the chassis. Proceed to the
“DVD-ROM Drive Installation” section later in this chapter for instructions.
Disk Drive Installation
The drives are mounted in drive carriers to simplify their installation and removal from the
chassis. These carriers also help promote proper airflow for the drives. For this reason, even empty
carriers without hard drives installed must remain in the chassis.
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6: Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
Mounting a Disk Drive in a Drive Carrier
1.
To add a new drive, install the drive into the carrier with the printed circuit board side facing
down so that the mounting holes align with those in the carrier.
2. Secure the drive to the carrier with the side-screws included; see the example shown in
Figure 6-3.
Figure 6-3
Mounting a Drive in a Carrier
Installing/Removing Hot-swap Drives
1.
Push the release button located beside the drive's LEDs.
2. Swing the handle fully out and use it to pull the drive carrier straight out (see Figure 6-4).
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Drive Bay Installation/Removal
Figure 6-4
Removing a Disk Drive and Carrier
Note: Your operating system must have RAID support to enable the hot-plug capability of the
drives.
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Important: Regardless of how many hard drives are installed, all drive carriers must remain in
the drive bays to maintain proper airflow.
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6: Basic Troubleshooting and Chassis Service
!
Caution: Be careful when working around the drive backplane. Do not touch the backplane with
any metal objects and make sure no ribbon cables touch the backplane or obstruct the holes, which
aid in proper airflow.
Hard Drive Backplane
The hard drives plug into a backplane that provides power, drive ID and bus termination. A RAID
controller and/or optional RAID software can be used with the backplane to provide data security.
The operating system you use must have RAID support to enable the hot-swap capability of the
hard drives. The backplane is already preconfigured, so no jumper or switch configurations are
required.
DVD-ROM Drive Installation
The top cover of the chassis must be opened to gain full access to the DVD-ROM drive bay. The
system accommodates only slim type DVD-ROM drives. Side mounting brackets are typically
needed to mount a slim DVD-ROM drive in the server.
Accessing the Inside of the Chassis
1.
Grasp the two handles on either side and pull the unit straight out until it locks (you will hear
a “click”).
2. Next, depress the two buttons on the top of the chassis to release the top cover and at the
same time, push the cover away from you until it stops. You can then lift the top cover from
the chassis to gain full access to the inside of the server.
Note: You must power down the system before installing or removing IDE components.
Drives mount on rails and should “click” into place to be correctly and fully installed in their bays.
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Power Supply
Power Supply
The system offers a 720-watt redundant power supply consisting of one or (optionally) two power
modules. Each power supply module has an auto-switching capability, which enables it to
automatically sense and operate at a 100V - 240V input voltage.
Power Supply Failure
If your system has an optional second power supply and either of the two power supply modules
fail, the other module will take the full load and allow the system to continue operation without
interruption. The PWR Fail LED will illuminate and remain on until the failed unit has been
replaced. The power supply units have a hot-swap capability, meaning you can replace the failed
unit without powering down the system.
Removing/Replacing the Power Supply
If the server is equipped with an optional second power supply, you do not need to shut down the
system to replace a power supply unit. The optional backup power supply module will keep the
system up and running while you replace the failed unit. Replace with the same model.
Removing the Power Supply
1.
First unplug the AC power cord from the failed power supply module.
2. Depress the locking tab on the power supply module.
3. Pull it straight out using the rounded handle.
Installing a New Power Supply
1.
Replace the failed hot-swap unit with another identical power supply unit.
2. Push the new power supply unit into the power bay until you hear a click.
3. Secure the locking tab on the unit.
4. Finish by plugging the AC power cord back into the unit.
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Chapter 7
7. BIOS
This chapter describes the AMI BIOS Setup Utility for the severboard. The AMI ROM BIOS is
stored in a Flash EEPROM and can be updated when needed. This chapter describes the basic
navigation of the AMI BIOS Setup Utility setup screens.
Note: Due to periodic changes to the BIOS, some settings may have been added or deleted and
might not be recorded in this manual. Contact your service representative to obtain the latest BIOS
release.
Starting BIOS Setup Utility
To enter the AMI BIOS Setup Utility screens, press the <Delete> key while the system is booting
up.
Note: In most cases, the <Delete> key is used to invoke the AMI BIOS setup screen. There are a
few cases when other keys are used, such as <F1>, <F2>, etc.
Each main BIOS menu option is described in this manual. The Main BIOS setup menu screen has
two main frames. The left frame displays all the options that can be configured. Grayed-out
options cannot be configured. Options in blue can be configured by the user. The right frame
displays the key legend. Above the key legend is an area reserved for a text message. When an
option is selected in the left frame, it is highlighted in white. Often a text message accompanies it.
A "> " indicates a submenu. Highlighting such an item and pressing the <Enter> key will open the
list of settings within that submenu.
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7: BIOS
Note: The AMI BIOS has default text messages built in. These text messages my be included,
omitted, or changed across BIOS releases.
The AMI BIOS Setup Utility uses a key-based navigation system called “hot keys”. Most of the
AMI BIOS setup utility “hot keys” can be used at any time during the setup navigation process.
These keys include <F1>, <F10>, <Enter>, <ESC>, arrow keys, etc.
Note: Options printed in Bold are default settings.
How To Change the Configuration Data
The configuration data that determines the system parameters may be changed by entering the
AMI BIOS Setup utility. This Setup utility can be accessed by pressing <Del> at the appropriate
time during system boot.
Starting the Setup Utility
Normally, the only visible Power-On Self-Test (POST) routine is the memory test. As the memory
is being tested, press the <Delete> key to enter the main menu of the AMI BIOS Setup Utility.
From the main menu, you can access the other setup screens. An AMI BIOS identification string
is displayed at the left bottom corner of the screen below the copyright message.
!
58
Warning: Do not upgrade the BIOS unless your system has a BIOS-related issue. Flashing
the wrong BIOS can cause irreparable damage to the system. In no event shall the
manufacturer be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages
arising from a BIOS update. If you have to update the BIOS, do not shut down or reset the
system while the BIOS is updating. This is to avoid possible boot failure.
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Main Menu
Main Menu
When you first enter AMI BIOS Setup Utility, you will see the Main Menu screen. You can always
return to the Main Menu by selecting the Main tab on the top of the screen with the arrow keys.The
Main Menu screen provides you with a system overview, which includes the version, built date
and ID of the AMIBIOS, the type, speed and number of the processors in the system and the
amount of memory installed in the system.
System Time/System Date
You can edit this field to change the system time and date. Highlight System Time or System Date
using the <Arrow> keys. Enter new values through the keyboard. Press the <Tab> key or the
<Arrow> keys to move between fields. The date must be entered in DAY/MM/DD/YYYY format.
The time is entered in HH:MM:SS format. Please note that time is in a 24-hour format. For
example, 5:30 A.M. appears as 05:30:00 and 5:30 P.M. as 17:30:00.
Advanced Settings Menu
Quick Boot
If Enabled, this option will skip certain tests during POST to reduce the time needed for the system
to boot up. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Quiet Boot
If Disabled, normal POST messages will be displayed on boot-up. If Enabled, this display the
OEM logo instead of POST messages.
Add On ROM Display Mode
This option sets the display mode for Option ROM. The options are Force BIOS or Keep Current.
Bootup Num Lock
This option selects the power-on state for the NUM lock to either On or Off.
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7: BIOS
PS/2 Mouse Support
Use this option to select support for the PS/2 mouse. Options are Disabled, Enabled or Auto.
Wait for F1 if Error
This setting controls the system response when an error is detected during the boot sequence.
When enabled, BIOS will stop the boot sequence when an error is detected, at which point you
will need to press the F1 button to re-enter the BIOS setup menu. The options are Enabled and
Disabled.
Hit 'DEL' Message Display
Use this option to Enable or Disable the “Press DEL to run setup” message in POST.
Watch Dog Function
Allows system to restart when system is inactive more than 5-minutes. The options are Enabled
and Disabled.
Power Button Function
This sets the function of the power button when you turn off the system. Options include 4-second
Override and Instant Off.
Restore on AC Power Loss
This sets the action that occurs when an AC power loss occurs. Options include Power Off, Power
On and Last State.
Interrupt 19 Capture
Select Enabled to allow ROMs to trap Interrupt 19. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
EUP Support
This setting allows you to enable or disable supplied standby power in S5. Set to Enabled for EUP
requirements and set to Disabled for wakening capability.
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Main Menu
Processor and Clock Options
CPU Configuration
This displays static information on the Module Version, AGESA Version, Physical Count and
Logical Count for the system's processor(s) and clock.
CPU Information
This setting is used to select which physical CPU's information to display. Options include
Processor 0 or Processor 1. The information for the selected processor includes Processor
number, Revision, Cache L1/L2/L3, Speed, NB CLK, Able to Change Frequency and uCode
Patch Level.
Note: Zero is always the “Boot Strap Processor” or main CPU with all others being “Application
Processors”.
GART Error Reporting
This option should remain disabled for normal operation. The driver developer may enable this
option for testing purposes. Options are Enabled or Disabled.
Microcode Update
This setting Enables or Disables microcode updating.
Secure Virtual Machine Mode
This setting is used to Enable or Disable SVM.
Power Now
This setting is used to Enable or Disable the AMD Power Now feature.
Power Cap
This option can decide the highest P-state in the OS. Options include P-state 0 through P-state 4.
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7: BIOS
ACPI SRAT Table
This option Enables or Disables the building of the ACPI SRAT Table.
CPU Down Core
This option sets down core support for the CPU. Options include Disabled, 2 Cores through 10
Cores in even numbered increments.
C1E Support
This option enables C1E support. Options include Enabled and Disabled.
Clock Spread Spectrum
This option enables or disables spread spectrum modulation. This option should remain Disabled
for normal operation. The driver developer may enable it for testing or other purposes.
Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Memory Configuration
Bank Interleaving
Select Auto to automatically enable a bank-interleaving memory scheme when this function is
supported by the processor. The options are Auto and Disabled.
Node Interleaving
This option enables node memory interleaving. Options include Auto or Disabled.
Channel Interleaving
This option enables channel memory interleaving. Options include Auto or Disabled.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
CS Sparing
This setting will reserve a spare memory rank in each node when enabled. Options are Enabled
and Disabled.
Bank Swizzle Mode
This setting Enables or Disables the bank swizzle mode.
ECC Configurations
ECC Mode
This submenu sets the level of ECC protection. Options include Disabled, Basic, Good, Super,
Max and User. Selecting User activates the other options for user setting.
Note: The “Super” ECC mode dynamically sets the DRAM scrub rate so all of memory is
scrubbed in 8-hours.
DRAM ECC Enable
This setting allows hardware to report and correct memory errors automatically, maintaining
system integrity. Options are Enabled or Disabled.
DRAM Scrub Redirect
This setting allows the system to correct DRAM ECC errors immediately when they occur, even
if background scrubbing is off. Options are Enabled or Disabled.
4-Bit ECC Mode
Allows the user to enabled 4-bit ECC mode (also known as ECC Chipkill). Options are Enabled
and Disabled.
DRAM BG Scrub
Corrects memory errors so later reads are correct. Options are Disabled and various times in
nanoseconds and microseconds. The default is 163.8us.
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7: BIOS
Data Cache BG Scrub
Allows L1 cache RAM to be corrected when idle. Options are Disabled and various times in
nanoseconds and microseconds. The default is 2.56us.
L2 Cache BG Scrub
Allows L2 cache RAM to be corrected when idle. Options are Disabled and various times in
nanoseconds and microseconds. The default is 2.56us.
L3 Cache BG Scrub
Allows L3 cache RAM to be corrected when idle. Options are Disabled and various times in
nanoseconds and microseconds. The default is 2.56us.
DRAM Timing Configurations
DRAM Timing Config
This setting specifies the DRAM timing configuration. Options are Auto and Manual.
Memory Timing Parameters
This selects which node's timing parameters to display. Options are CPU Node 0 or CPU Node 1.
IOMMU
This setting is used to disable or set the GART size in systems without AGP. Options include
Enabled and Disabled. Settings may include 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 MB, 256 MB, 512 MB and
1 GB depending on configuration.
OHCI/EHCI HC Device Functions
These settings allow you to either Enable or Disable functions for OHCI or EHCI bus devices.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
USB 2.0 Controller Mode
Use this setting to configure the USB 2.0 Controller in either Hi-Speed (480 Mps) or Full Speed
(12 Mps) mode. Options include Enabled (Hi-Speed Mode) or Disabled (Full Speed Mode).
IDE Configuration
Onboard PCI IDE Controller
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the options for the PCI IDE controller.
On Chip SATA Channel
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the On Chip SATA channel.
On Chip SATA Type
Use this setting to set the On Chip SATA type. Options include Native IDE, RAID, AMD-AHCI
and Legacy IDE.
SATA IDE Combined Mode
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the SATA IDE combined mode.
PATA Channel Configuration
This allows you to set PATA channel configuration. Options include SATA as Primary or SATA
as secondary.
Primary/Secondary/Third/Fourth IDE Master/Slave
LBA/Large Mode
LBA (Logical Block Addressing) is a method of addressing data on a disk drive. The options are
Disabled and Auto.
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7: BIOS
Block (Multi-Sector Transfer)
Block mode boosts IDE drive performance by increasing the amount of data transferred. Only 512
bytes of data can be transferred per interrupt if block mode is not used. Block mode allows
transfers of up to 64 KB per interrupt.
Select “Disabled” to allow the data to be transferred from and to the device one sector at a time.
Select “Auto” to allows the data transfer from and to the device occur multiple sectors at a time if
the device supports it. The options are Auto and Disabled.
PIO Mode
PIO (Programmable I/O) mode programs timing cycles between the IDE drive and the
programmable IDE controller. As the PIO mode increases, the cycle time decreases. The options
are Auto, 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4. Select Auto to allow BIOS to auto detect the PIO mode. Use this value
if the IDE disk drive support cannot be determined.
Select 0 to allow BIOS to use PIO mode 0, which has a data transfer rate of 3.3 MBs. Select 1 to
allow BIOS to use PIO mode 1, which has a data transfer rate of 5.2 MBs. Select 2 to allow BIOS
to use PIO mode 2, which has a data transfer rate of 8.3 MBs. Select 3 to allow BIOS to use PIO
mode 3, which has a data transfer rate of 11.1 MBs. Select 4 to allow BIOS to use PIO mode 4,
which has a data transfer rate of 16.6 MBs. This setting generally works with all hard disk drives
manufactured after 1999. For other disk drives, such as IDE CD-ROM drives, check the
specifications of the drive.
DMA Mode
Selects the DMA Mode. Options are Auto, SWDMA0, SWDMA1, SWDMA2, MWDMA0.
MDWDMA1, MWDMA2, UDMA0. UDMA1, UDMA2, UDMA3, UDMA4 and UDMA5.
(SWDMA=Single Word DMA, MWDMA=Multi Word DMA, UDMA=UltraDMA).
S.M.A.R.T.
Self-Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology (SMART) can help predict impending drive
failures. Select "Auto" to allow BIOS to auto detect hard disk drive support. Select "Disabled" to
prevent AMI BIOS from using the S.M.A.R.T. Select "Enabled" to allow AMI BIOS to use the
S.M.A.R.T. to support hard drive disk. The options are Disabled, Enabled, and Auto.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
32-Bit Data Transfer
Select "Enabled" to activate the function of 32-Bit data transfer. Select "Disabled" to deactivate
the function. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Hard Disk Write Protect
Use this setting to Enable or Disable hard disk write protection for your system. This is effective
only if the device is accessed through the BIOS.
IDE Detect Timeout (Sec)
Use the +/- keys to adjust and select the time out for detecting ATA/ATAPI devices. The default
value is 35.
ATA(PI) 80-Pin Cable Detection
This option selects the mechanism used for detecting the installation of an 80-pin ATA(PI) cable.
Options include Host & Device, Host or Device.
PCI/PNP Settings Menu
Clear NVRAM
Select Yes to clear NVRAM during boot-up. The options are Yes and No.
Plug & Play O/S
Select Yes to allow the OS to configure Plug & Play devices. (This is not required for system boot
if your system has an OS that supports Plug & Play.) Select No to allow AMIBIOS to configure
all devices in the system.
PCI Latency Timer
This option sets the latency of all PCI devices on the PCI bus. Select a value to set the PCI latency
in PCI clock cycles. Options are 32, 64, 96, 128, 160, 192, 224 and 248.
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7: BIOS
ROM Scan Ordering
This setting determines which kind of option ROM activates prior to another. Options include
Onboard First and Addon First.
SXB1 Slot/SXB2 Slot
These settings Enable or Disable the specified PCI slot in your system.
Onboard LAN Option ROM Select
This setting allows you to select the onboard LAN option ROM for iSCSI or PXE.
Load Onboard LAN 1 Option ROM
This option allows you to Enable or Disable the onboard LAN 1 option ROM.
Load Onboard LAN 2 Option ROM
This option allows you to Enable or Disable the onboard LAN 2 option ROM.
Primary Video Controller
This option specifies the primary video controller for Onboard VGA or Other.
Super I/O Device Configuration
Serial 1 Address
This option specifies the base I/O port address and Interrupt Request address of serial port 1.
Select "Disabled" to prevent the serial port from accessing any system resources. When this option
is set to Disabled, the serial port physically becomes unavailable. Select "3F8/IRQ4" to allow the
serial port to use 3F8 as its I/O port address and IRQ 4 for the interrupt address. Options include
Disabled, 3F8/IRQ4, 3E8/IRQ4 and 2E8/IRQ3
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Serial 2 Address
This option specifies the base I/O port address and Interrupt Request address of serial port 2.
Select "Disabled" to prevent the serial port from accessing any system resources. When this option
is set to "Disabled", the serial port physically becomes unavailable. Select "2F8/IRQ3" to allow
the serial port to use 2F8 as its I/O port address and IRQ 3 for the interrupt address. Options
include Disabled, 2F8/IRQ3, 3E8/IRQ4 and 2F8/IRQ3.
Serial Port 2 Attribute
This option allows you to set COM2 as a normal serial port or as virtual COM for SOL. Options
are SOL or COM.
Remote Access Configuration
Remote Access
Use this option to Enable or Disable Remote Access in your system. If enabled, the settings below
will appear.
Serial Port Number
Use this setting to select the serial port for console redirection. Options include COM1, COM2*.
The displayed base address and IRQ for the serial port changes to reflect the selection you make.
Note: Make sure the selected port is enabled.
Serial Port Mode
Selects the serial port settings to use. Options are (115200 8, n, 1), (57600 8, n, 1),
(38400 8, n, 1), (19200 8, n, 1) and (09600 8, n, 1).
Redirection After BIOS POST
Options are Disable (no redirection after BIOS POST), Boot Loader (redirection during POST and
during boot loader) and Always (redirection always active). Note that some OS's may not work
with this set to Always.
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7: BIOS
Terminal Type
Selects the type of the target terminal. Options are ANSI, VT100 and VTUTF8.
Sredir Memory Display Delay
Use this setting to set the delay in seconds to display memory information. Options are No Delay,
1 sec, 2 secs and 4 secs.
Restore on AC Power Loss
This sets the action that occurs when an AC power loss occurs. Options include Power Off, Power
On and Last State.
Watch Dog Timer
This sets the Watch Dog Timer. Options include Enabled or Disabled.
Hardware Health Configuration
CPU Overheat Alarm
This setting allows you to specify the type of alarm for CPU overheating. Options include The
Early Alarm and The Default Alarm.
Fan Speed Control
This feature allows the user to determine how the system will control the speed of the onboard
fans. The options are Full Speed/FS (Max Cooling), Performance/ PF (Better Cooling),
Balanced/BL (Balance between performance and energy saving), Energy Saving/ES (Lower
Power and Noise). Other items in the submenu are systems monitor displays for the following
information:
CPU Temperature, CPU1 Temperature, CPU2 Temperature, NB Temperature, VRD1
Temperature, VRD2 Temperature, System Temperature, Air Temperature, Fan 1-8 Reading,
CPU1 VCore, CPU2 VCore, CPU1 Mem VTT, CPU2 Mem VTT, CPU1 Mem, CPU2 Mem, 1.1V,
1.8V, 5V +12V, -12V, 3.3 Vcc, 3.3 VSB, VBAT and HT Voltage.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
ACPI Configuration
ACPI Version Features
Use this setting the determine which ACPI version to use. Options are ACPIv1.0, ACPI v2.0 and
ACPI v3.0.
PS2 KB/MS Wakeup
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable PS2 keyboard and mouse wakeup.
ACPI Aware O/S
This setting Enables or Disables ACPI support for the system's operating system.Options include
Yes (enabled) or No (disabled).
ACPI APIC Support
Determines whether to include the ACPI APIC table pointer in the RSDT pointer list. The
available options are Enabled and Disabled.
Headless Mode
Use this setting to Enable or Disable headless operation mode through ACPI.
IPMI Configuration
This menu shows static information about the IPMI firmware revision and status of the BMC, as
well as options for IPMI configuration.
View BMC System Event Log
Pressing the Enter key will open the following settings. Use the "+" and "-" keys to navigate
through the system event log.
Clear BMC System Event Log
Selecting this and pressing the Enter key will clear the BMC system event log.
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7: BIOS
Set LAN Configuration
Use the "+" and "-" keys to choose the desired channel number. This displays Channel Number
and Channel Number Status information.
This menu contains options for inputting settings for the SET LAN Configuration Command. See
IPMI 1.5 Specification if you need detailed information. Use the "+" and "-" keys to choose the
desired channel number.
Note: Each question in this group may take a considerable amount of time.
IP Address Source
Select the source of this machine's IP address. If Static is selected, you will need to know and enter
manually the IP address of this machine below. If DHCP is selected, the BIOS will search for a
DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server in the network it is attached to, and request
the next available IP address. The options are DHCP and Static.
The following items are assigned IP addresses automatically if DHCP is selected under IP Address
Source above:
IP Address
This submenu sets the IP address source as either Static or DHCP. Selecting Static allows you to
manually set the IP Address, Subnet Mask and Gateway Address.
In the field provided here enter the IP address in the decimal form of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx with xxx
having a value of less than 256 and in decimal form only. The IP address and current IP address
in the BMC are shown.
MAC Address
In the field provided here enter the MAC address in the hex form of xx.xx. xx.xx.xx.xx with xx in
hex form only. The current MAC address in the BMC is shown.
Subnet Mask
In the field provided here enter the Subnet address in the decimal form of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx with
xxx having a value of less than 256 and in decimal form only. The current subnet address in the
BMC is shown.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Gateway Address
In the field provided here enter the Gateway address in the decimal form of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx with
xxx having a value of less than 256 and in decimal form only. The current Gateway address in the
BMC is shown.
BMC Watch Dog Timer Action
This setting is used to set the Watch Dog function, which allows the BMC to reset or power down
the system if the OS crashes or hangs. Options include Disabled, Reset System, Power Down and
Power Cycle.
Event Log Configuration
View Event Log
Pressing the Enter key will open the event log. Use the “up-arrow” and “down-arrow” keys to
navigate through the system event log.
Mark All Events as Read
Selecting this and pressing the Enter key marks all events as read in the event log.
Clear Event Log
Selecting this and pressing the Enter key clears the system event log.
SR56x0 (RD890S) PCIE Error Log
This setting allows you set an error log for PCIE errors. Options include Yes or No.
Security Menu
AMI BIOS provides a Supervisor and a User password. If you use both passwords, the Supervisor
password must be set first.
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7: BIOS
Change Supervisor Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the sub menu, and then type north password.
Change User Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the sub menu, and then type north password.
Boot Sector Virus Protection
This option is near the bottom of the Security Setup screen. Select "Disabled" to deactivate the
Boot Sector Virus Protection. Select "Enabled" to enable boot sector protection. When "Enabled",
AMI BIOS displays a warning when any program (or virus) issues a Disk Format command or
attempts to write to the boot sector of the hard disk drive. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
Boot Menu
Boot Device Priority
This feature allows you to prioritize the boot sequence from the list of available devices. A device
that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
Hard Disk Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available hard disk drives. A
device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
CD/DVD Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available CD/ DVD drives.
A device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
Retry Boot Devices
This option allows you to retry boot devices. Options include Enabled and Disabled.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Exit Menu
Select the Exit tab from AMI BIOS Setup Utility screen to enter the Exit BIOS Setup screen.
Save Changes and Exit
When you have completed the system configuration changes, select this option to leave BIOS
Setup and reboot the computer, so the new system configuration parameters can take effect. Select
Save Changes and Exit from the Exit menu and press <Enter>.
Discard Changes and Exit
Select this option to quit BIOS Setup without making any permanent changes to the system
configuration and reboot the computer. Select Discard Changes and Exit from the Exit menu and
press <Enter>.
Discard Changes
Select this option and press <Enter> to discard all the changes and return to AMI BIOS Utility
Program.
Load Optimal Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Optimal Defaults from the Exit menu and press <Enter>. Then
Select "OK" to allow BIOS to automatically load the Optimal Defaults as the BIOS Settings. The
Optimal settings are designed for maximum system performance, but may not work best for all
computer applications.
Load Fail-Safe Defaults
To set this feature, select Load Fail-Safe Defaults from the Exit menu and press <Enter>. The
Fail-Safe settings are designed for maximum system stability, but not maximum performance.
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7: BIOS
PCI Express Configuration
Relaxed Ordering
Enables or Disables PCI Express Device Relaxed Ordering in the system. Options include Auto,
Disabled or Enabled.
Extended Tag Field
When this option is enabled, it allows the device to use the 8-bit TAG field as a requester. Options
include Auto, Disabled or Enabled.
No Snoop
This option enables or disables the PCI Express device No Snoop option. Options include Auto,
Disabled or Enabled.
Active State Power Management
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the PCI Express L0s and L1 link power states.
Extended Sync
If this option is enabled, it allows the generation of extended synchronization patterns. Options
include Auto, Disabled or Enabled.
USB Configurations
This submenu displays the Module Version and lists the USB devices that are enabled as well as
the following options.
Legacy USB Support
Select "Enabled" to enable the support for USB Legacy. Disable Legacy support if there are no
USB devices installed in the system. "Auto" disabled Legacy support if no USB devices are
connected. The options are Disabled, Enabled and Auto.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
BIOS EHCI Hand Off
This is a workaround for OS's without EHCI hand-off support. The EHCI ownership change
should be claimed by the EHCI driver. Options are Enabled or Disabled.
Legacy USB1.1 HC Support
This option Enables or Disables support for USB1.1 HC devices.
USB Mass Storage Device Configuration
This submenu is used to configure USB mass storage class devices.
USB Mass Storage Reset Delay
Use this option to set the number of seconds POST waits for the USB mass storage device after
the Start Unit command. Options include 10, 20, 30 and 40 seconds.
Emulation Type
This sets the emulation type for USB mass storage devices. If Auto, USB devices less than 530
MB will be emulated as Floppy and remaining as Hard Disk drive. The Force FDD option can be
used to force a HDD formatted drive to boot as an FDD (example: ZIP drive). Options include
Auto, Floppy, Forced FDD, Hard Disk and CD-ROM.
System Health Monitor
CPU Overheat Temperature
This setting allows you to specify the type of alarm for CPU overheating. Options include The
Early Alarm and The Default Alarm. Other items in the submenu are systems monitor displays
for the following information:
CPU1 Temperature, CPU2 Temperature, CPU3 Temperature, CPU4 Temperature, System
Temperature, Fan 1-9 Reading, Chipset FAN1-2, CPU1 VCore, CPU2 VCore, CPU3 VCore,
CPU4 VCore, 3.3V Vcc (V), + 5Vin, +12V Vcc (V), CPU1~4 DIMM Voltage, Chipset SR56x0
Voltage, 3.3V standby, Battery Voltage
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7: BIOS
System Fan Monitor
This submenu contains lists the system fans and contains RPM information for them.
Fan Speed Control Modes
This submenu allows you to determine how the system will control the speed of the on-board fans.
The options are Full Speed/FS (Max Cooling), Performance/ PF (Better Cooling), Balanced/BL
(Balance between performance and energy saving), Energy Saving/ES (Lower Power and Noise).
Allocate IRQ to PCI VGA
Use this option to allocate IRQ to the PCI VGA card. Option include Yes and No. Selecting Yes
assigns IRQ to PCI VGA card if the card requests IRQ. Selecting No means the system will not
assign IRQ to the PCI VGA card even if the card requests IRQ.
Pallette Snooping
This option Enables or Disables Pallette Snooping. If enabled, the system informs the PCI devices
that an ISA graphics device is installed in the system so the card will function normally.
PCI IDE Busmaster
Use this setting to Enable or Disable BIOS enabled uses of PCI Busmastering for reading or
writing to IDE drives.
Offboard PCI/ISA IDE Card
Some PCI IDE cards may require this option to be set to the PCI slot number that is holding the
card. The Auto setting works for most PCI IDE cards. Options include Auto, PCI Slot 1,
PCI Slot 2, PCI Slot 3, PCI Slot 4, PCI Slot 5 and PCI Slot 6.
IRQ3 ~ IRQ15 Settings
These settings specify if IRQ is available to be used by PCI/PnP devices or is reserved for use by
legacy ISA devices. Options are Available or Reserved.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
DMA Channel 0 ~ DMA Channel 7 Settings
These settings specify if a DMA Channel is available to be used by PCI/PnP devices or is reserved
for use by legacy ISA devices. Options are Available or Reserved.
Reserved Memory Size
This option specifies the size of the memory block reserved for legacy ISA devices. Options
include Disabled, 16k, 32k or 64k.
HotPlug Reserve I/O Port Size
This option specifies the size of the I/O port block to reserve for HotPlug or CardBus devices.
Options include Auto, 4K, 8K, 12K, 16K, 20K, 24K and 28K.
HotPlug Reserve Memory Size
This option specifies the size of the memory block to reserve for HotPlug or CardBus devices.
Options include Auto, 8M, 16M, 32M, 65M, 128MB, 256MB or 512MB.
HotPlug Reserve PFMemory Size
This option specifies the size of the prefetchable memory block to reserve for HotPlug or CardBus
devices. Options include Auto, 32M, 64M, 128MB, 256MB, 512MB, 1024M or 2048M.
Onboard NIC PXE Option ROM
This option Enables or Disables the onboard NIC PXE option ROM.
BIOS Settings Configuration
Boot Device Priority
This feature allows you to prioritize the boot sequence from the list of available devices. A device
that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
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7: BIOS
Hard Disk Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available hard disk drives. A
device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
Removable Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available removable drives.
A device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
CD/DVD Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available CD/DVD drives. A
device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
Network Drives
This feature allows you to specify the boot sequence from the list of available network drives. A
device that is in parenthesis has been disabled in the corresponding type menu.
Security Settings Menu
AMI BIOS provides a Supervisor and a User password. If you use both passwords, the Supervisor
password must be set first.
Change Supervisor Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the sub menu, and then type in the password.
Change User Password
Select this option and press <Enter> to access the sub menu, and then type in the password.
Boot Sector Virus Protection
This option is near the bottom of the Security Setup screen. Select "Disabled" to deactivate the
Boot Sector Virus Protection. Select "Enabled" to enable boot sector protection. When "Enabled",
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
AMI BIOS displays a warning when any program (or virus) issues a Disk Format command or
attempts to write to the boot sector of the hard disk drive. The options are Enabled and Disabled.
SouthBridge Configuration
A15 ECOs
This setting Disables or Enables A15 ECOs.
Port 0 ~ Port 5 ESP
These settings allow you to set Port 0 through Port 5 ESP help as either ESP or ISP.
Dis #THRMTRIP before KBRst
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable Dis #THRMTRIP before KBRst.
SATA-IDE Ports Auto Clk Ctrl
This option, when enabled, will shutdown the clocks for unused SATA ports in IDE mode,
IDE->AHCI and IDE->AMD_AC modes. This will enable some power savings, but note that if
you shutdown the clock then the hotplug for that port will not work. Options are Disabled or
Enabled.
SATA-AHCI Ports Auto Clk Ctrl
This option, when enabled, will shutdown the clocks for unused SATA ports in AHCI and
AMD-AHCI modes. This will enable some power savings, but note that if you shutdown the clock
then the hotplug for that port will not work. Options are Disabled or Enabled.
SATA Port 0 ~ Port 5 Mode
This setting forces the SATA selected SATA port to run at GEN1 mode if this option is set to
GEN1. Setting this option to Auto will leave the port to run at the default mode.
On Chip SATA Channel
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the On-Chip SATA channel.
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7: BIOS
On Chip SATA Type
Use this setting to set the On Chip SATA type. Options include Native IDE, RAID, AHCI and
Legacy IDE.
SATA IDE Combined Mode
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the SATA IDE combined mode.
PATA Channel Configuration
This allows you to set PATA channel configuration. Options include SATA as Primary or SATA
as secondary.
Power Saving Features
Use this option to Enable or Disable power down saving features in the Southbridge chipset. This
feature should be enabled for mobile systems and disabled for desktop systems. See the AMD
SB700 Power Saving document for more details.
Port 02 ~ Port 13 Features
This submenu allows you to set the features for Ports 02 through 13 in the system. Each port
submenu allows you to define the same settings below.
Gen 2 High Speed Mode
This setting allows you to set the Gen 2 high-speed mode. Options include Auto, Disabled,
Software Initiated and Advertised RC.
Link ASPM
Use this setting to configure the Link ASPM. Options include Disabled, L0s, L1, L0s & L1, L0
Downstream and L0 Downstream + L1.
Note: For ATI GFx Card M2x use L1 only. For ATI GFx Card M5x use both L0s & L1.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Link Width
Use this setting to configure the Link Width. Options include Auto, x1, x2, x4, x8 and x16.
Slot Power Limit, W
Use this setting to configure the Slot Power Limit power. The user can adjust this value using the
+ and - keys. The default is 75.
Compliance Mode
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the Compliance Mode.
Remap Port Device Number
This setting allows you remap the Port Device number. Options include Auto and port numbers
between 2 and 13.
L1 Immediate ACK
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable L1 ACK. When enabled, the L1 will be ACK'd
immediately.
Lane Reversal
Use this setting to Enable or Disable Lane Reversal.
Hot Plug Support
Use this setting to set Hot Plug Support. Options include Disabled and Native.
NB-SB Port Features
NB-SB Link APSM
Use this to set the NB-SB Link ABSM. Options include L1 and Disabled.
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7: BIOS
Link Width
This setting allows you to set the Link Width for the NB-SB port. Options include Auto, x1, x2
and x4.
NP NB-SB VC1 Traffic Support
Use this setting to Disable or Enable NP NB-SB VC1 traffic support.
Compliance Mode
Use this setting to Enable or Disable Compliance Mode for the NB-SB port.
GPP1 ~ GPP3b Core Settings
These submenus allow you to specify GPP core settings. Each submenu allows you to define the
same settings listed below.
Core Configuration
This setting allows you to configure core configuration. Options include Auto, 1x16 and 2x8.
Powerdown Unused Lanes
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the powerdown of unused lanes.
Turnoff Off PLL During L1/L23
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable turning off PLL during L1/L23.
TX Drive Strength
Use this setting to configure TX drive strength. Options include Auto, 26mA, 20mA, 22mA and
24mA.
TXCLK Clock Gating in L1
Use this setting to Enable or Disable the TXCLK clock gating in L1.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
LCLK Clock Gating in L1
Use this setting to Enable or Disable the LCLK clock gating in L1.
SB Core Settings
TX Drive Strength
Use this setting to configure TX drive strength. Options include Auto, 26mA, 20mA, 22mA and
24mA.
TXCLK Clock Gating in L1
Use this setting to Enable or Disable the TXCLK clock gating in L1.
LCLK Clock Gating in L1
Use this setting to Enable or Disable the LCLK clock gating in L1.
Debug Options
Peer to Peer Among GPP1/GPP2
Use this setting enable or disable Peer to Peer among GPP1/GPP2. Options include Auto, Enabled
and Disabled.
Reset to Training Delay (ms)
Use the +/- keys to change the reset to training delay time setting. The default is 50.
Receiver Detection Pooling (ms)
Use the +/- keys to change the receiver detection pooling time setting. The default is 180.
Hide Unused PCIE P2P Bridges
Use this setting to Enable or Disable the hiding of unused PCIE P2P bridges.
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7: BIOS
GFX Card Workaround
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the GFX Card workaround on your system.
Debug Bus Configuration
PCIE Debug Bus
This setting Enables or Disables PCIE debugging of the bus.
Hyper Transport Configuration
HT Extended Address
This setting allows you to Enable or Disable the HT extended address. Options include Enabled,
Disabled and Auto.
HT3 Link Power State
This setting allows you to configure the HT3 Link power state. Options include Auto, LS0, LS1,
LS2 and LS3.
Unit ID Clumping
Use this setting to configure Unit ID clumping. Options include Disabled, Auto, UnitID 2/3,
UnitID B/C and UnitID 2/3 & B/C.
HT Link Tristate
This setting allows you to configure the HT Link Tristate. Options include Auto, Disabled,
CAD/CTL and CAD/CTL/CLK.
NB Deemphesis Level
Use this to set the NB deemphesis level. Options include Disabled, 0.4 dB, 1.32 dB, -2.08dB, 3.1
dB, 4.22 dB, 5.50 dB and 7.05 dB.
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Advanced Chipset Control (Northbridge)
Primary Video Controller
Use this setting to specify the primary video controller boot order. Options include
PCIE-GPP1-GPP2-GPP3a-PCI, PCIE-GPP2-GPP1-GPP3a-PCI,
PCIE-GPP3a-GPP1-GPP2-PCI or PCI-PCIE-GPP1-GPP2-GPP3a.
PCI Spread Spectrum
Use this setting to Enable or Disable PCI Spread Spectrum in the system.
Debug Options
Memory Decod on Sec. 6FX
Use this option to set memory decod on sector 6FX. Options are Disabled or Force.
IOC Peer-to-Peer Mode
Use this option to set the IOC peer-to-peer mode. Options include Auto, Default, Mode1 and
Mode2.
Northbridge Interrupt Pin
This option Enables or Disables the Northbridge Interrupt Pin.
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Appendix A
A. BIOS Error Codes
During Power-On Self-Test (POST) routines, which are performed each time the system is
powered on, errors may occur.
Non-fatal errors are those which, in most cases, allow the system to continue the boot-up process.
The error messages normally appear on the screen.
Fatal errors are those which will not allow the system to continue the boot-up procedure. If a fatal
error occurs, you should consult with your system manufacturer for possible repairs.
These fatal errors are usually communicated through a series of audible beeps. The numbers on
the fatal error list (see Table A-1) correspond to the number of beeps for the corresponding error.
Table A-1
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BIOS Error Codes
Beep Code
Error Message
Description
1 beep
Refresh
Circuits have been reset (Ready to power up)
5 short beeps + 1 long beep
Memory error
No memory detected in the system
1 long beep +8 short beeps
Video display error or video Video error - adapter missing or with faulty
memory read/write error
memory
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Appendix B
B. System Operating and Regulatory Overview
This appendix provides basic environmental operating requirements and regulatory information
for the server.
Operating Environment
Operating Temperature: 0º to 35º C (32º to 95º F)
Non-operating Temperature: -40º to 70º C (-40º to 158º F)
Operating Relative Humidity: 20% to 95% (non-condensing)
Non-operating Relative Humidity: 5 to 95% (non-condensing)
Regulatory Compliance
Electromagnetic Emissions: FCC Class A, EN 55022 Class A, EN 61000-3-2/-3-3, CISPR 22
Class A
Electromagnetic Immunity: EN 55024/CISPR 24, (EN 61000-4-2, EN 61000-4-3,
EN 61000-4-4, EN 61000-4-5, EN 61000-4-6, EN 61000-4-8, EN 61000-4-11)
Safety: CSA/EN/IEC/UL 60950-1 Compliant, UL or CSA Listed (USA and Canada), CE Marking
(Europe)
California Best Management Practices Regulations for Perchlorate Materials: This Perchlorate
warning applies only to products containing CR (Manganese Dioxide) Lithium coin cells.
“Perchlorate Material-special handling may apply. See
www.dtsc.ca.gov/hazardouswaste/perchlorate”
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