4. Computer Terminal Services

4. Computer Terminal Services

10

4. Computer Terminal Services

4.1. Computer Terminal Services

There are about 1,400 computer terminals available on the

Educational Computer System throughout 26 different locations including the Multimedia Laboratory of the Media Center

South Building, Open Space Laboratories (OSLs), and satellite laboratories of each department. These computer terminals run

Windows 7. It is also possible to use Linux using Oracle VM VirtualBox installed in the computer terminal.

Each user's fi les are stored in the fi le server at the Media Center

South Building, and the setting and fi les are available from any computer terminal on the network. Files cannot be accessed by others by default.

In addition, you can print from any computer terminal using laser printers that are connected to the network at satellite laboratories and OSLs.

◆ Satellite Laboratories

Satellite laboratories are computer rooms located in each department, and are used for department classes. Open hours and user conditions differ according to the department. For more information about satellite laboratory locations, refer to Appendix

6.

◆ Open Space Laboratories (OSL)

Open Space Laboratories are computer rooms located on the fi rst fl oor of the Media Center South Building, the second fl oor of the Media Center North Building, the third fl oor of the University Library, the second fl oor of the Yoshida-South Library, and

Katsura Campus Funai Community Hall. These are not used for classes, but rather are for self learning.

In the Media Center South Building, graduate students are working as teaching assistants (TAs) and can answer user's questions.

◆ Multimedia Laboratories

Multimedia laboratories are located in the second and third floors of the Media Center South Building, and computer terminals and video projectors are available. These are used for liberal arts and general education courses including information education.

4.2. Starting Up Computer Terminals

Turn on the computer.

Monitor

PC

Press here to turn power ON.

The green light is on while the PC is running.

Keyboard

Getting Started.

Waiting for a while.

Logging on.

Input your ECS-ID as Username.

The ECS-ID is an 8-character long string such as " a0XXXXXX

".

("X" represents numbers.)

Input your password corresponding to your ECS-ID.

Mouse

If you need help with operating a computer, ask TAs at the Media

Center South Building OSL.

Clicking

Click: Quickly pressing the right or left button of the mouse one time

・ D o u b l e - C l i c k : Q u i c k l y pressing a button twice

Left-Click

Right-Click

Activating your ECS-ID from here.

After input the Username and the Password, click here.

Opening "Common Portal for All student" page. But you can't read Websites or use softwares by this button.

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12

4.3. Shutting Down Computer Terminals

① Close all application you started.

② Go to [ スタート (Start)] → [ シャットダウン (Shutdown)] , and then press [OK].

③ The operation is complete.

If another user is waiting to use the computer, select [ 再起動 ].

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

・Do not leave a computer in the logged on status. It could be abused by another user.

・ When you are fi nished, do not press the power button to turn the computer OFF.

 If you do that, normal shutdown will not be executed and data will not be saved.

・If the computer is unused for a certain period, the screen will go blank and Windows will be locked.

Please note that if this lock status continues for a certain period, it will automatically log off.

・When you fi nisih using computer terminals, make sure that the shut down process has completed. Shut down process

sometimes fails.

‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

4.4. What Can We Do Using Windows 7?

You can confi rm how much space you have on the disk.

You should save fi les here.

For more information, refer to "4.4.1 Saving Files"

You can move to the Information Security e-Learning course.

For more information, refer to 3.5. Information Security e-Learning."

FAQs are here.

The Common Portal for All Students web page will appear.

For more information, refer to " 7.Logging In Using the Common Portal for All Students.

You can confi rm how many sheets you have printed.

※ ECS-ID is required for checking.

You can confi rm job items waiting for printing.

You can cancel an item waiting to be printed.

※ ECS-ID is required for checking.

This brings up the Linux login screen.

For more information, refer to 4.5. What Can We Do Using Linux?

You can use "Kyoto University Mail for Student and Researchers."

For more information about e-mail services, refer to "8. Using the

Kyoto University Mail for Students and Researchers "

This is the Start Button.

From here, you can use various applications.

This is the taskbar.

13

Minimize

The window will be minimized and will be move to the taskbar.

Maximize

The window will fi ll the screen.

Close

The window will close.

14

This is the task tray.

Icons appear here when devices are connected to the computer.

For more information, refer to 4.6. Using USB Devices .

You can put fi les here that you want to delete.

4.4.1. Saving Files 

When you save fi les, save it to the following location.

・Go to M Drive ([マイコンピュータ]→[Home Directory (M:)])

・ My Documents on the Desktop.

・External storage device (e.g. Flash memory drive)

In the Educational Computer System, disks on the network are used as the location for saving various files created by users.

These disks are My Documents and M Drive on the desktop. By saving fi les to the disks on the network, you can access your fi les from any computer on the system. However, your available disk size is limited to 300MB. For more information, refer to "4.7.1.

Limitation on Usage Amounts."

If you save fi les to another location, the fi les will be removed after you shut down.

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

Do not use languages other than English or Japanese for fi le names using Windows 7. You may not be able to access such fi les.

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4.4.2. Printing at Satellites

 Laser printers are available in satellite laboratories. You can print out documents from various applications.

 Educational Computer System printers automatically print out the ECS-ID on the bottom-left corner of the printed document.

The number of sheets that can be printed is limited to 200 per year. For more information, refer to "Printing Limitations" in

"4.7.1. Limitations on Usage Amounts." 

The following is the procedure for printing.

1. Select[印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)] from the application menu to confi rm the output results.

2. After confi rming the preview, select [印刷 (Print)]to display the printing dialog box.

3. Select a printer name such as "pr XXY -XXX -JP" (here, X represents numbers, and Y represents letters. They differ according to the computer room.)

4. Click the[印刷 (Print)] button.

• If no setting are made, printing will be done on both sides of the paper. To print only on one side, specify in the page settings.

4.4.3. Printing at OSLs

Laser printers are also available in OSLs. You can print out documents from various applications.

When using printers at OSLs, you need to bring your IC Student

Card.

The following is the printing procedure.

1. Select [印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)]from the application menu to confi rm the output results.

2.

Select [印刷 (Print)]to display the printing dialog box.

3. Confi rm that the printer name is "Auth-by-Card-Printer ."

4. Click the [印刷 (Print)] button.

5. Push the 節電ボタン (Power Saving Button) on the printer if green light is turning on.

6. Put your Student Card close to IC card reader next to the printer. The LCD monitor changes from [ ICカードヲチカヅ

ケテクダサイ (Put the IC Card close to the reader)] to [ シヨウ

デキマス (Ready to use)] and printing will start.

• If no setting are made, printing will be done on both sides of the paper. To print only on one side, specify in the page settings.

• We ask users to help supply the paper and toner to the printers in the OSLs and satellite laboratories. Paper and toner are managed by each division (mainly department offi ces), so go there to get necessary supplies.

• If you fi nd printer failure, contact TAs and the Media Center

South Building OSL.

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

 Many students use the printers every day and they are important devices, but some use the printers improperly. Please use good manners when printing. For example, do not print many unnecessary pages.

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15

16

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

Students who are taking courses using the Educational Computer

System should keep in mind that if the number of sheets they have printing is over the specifi ed limit, printing will not be executed even if it is during a class. You should use the printers wisely.

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※ If you have no IC Student Card.

The following is the procedure for printing.

1. Select [印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)]from the application menu to confi rm the output results.

2. Select [印刷 (Print)]to display the printing dialog box.

3. Select a printer name such as "Auth-Free-Printer-

XXXX" (here,

X represents numbers, and varies according to a terminal room.)

4. Click the [印刷 (Print)] button.

4.4.4. Creating PDF Files

 For converting documents such as Word documents into PDF, follow the following procedure.

1. Select [印刷 (Print)]from the application menu.

2. Select pages you want to convert.

3. Select "CubePDF" as a printer name.

4. Click "OK" or "Print" button. The button name differs from applications. (At the fi gure, Word2010 is used.)

5. The "CubePDF" dialog appears, Click " ... " to select the location and name the fi le.

6. Click [変換 (convert)]button.

7. Confi rm the output.

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

If you want to extract some part of the PDF documents and make a new PDF fi le, execute the same operation using Adobe Reader.

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4.4.5. Using the World Wide Web (WWW)

 The World Wide Web is a global information system that makes it possible to publish or view various information resources such as text, images, and sound. Now, many individuals and organizations throughout the world provide information through the WWW, and anyone can access this information by using services such as search engines.

Usually, information sources on the WWW can be viewed through a web browser. The Educational Computer System uses Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) and Mozilla Firefox web browsers for Windows 7.

 To start Internet Explorer, go to [ スタート]→[すべてのプロ

グラム]→[Web 閲覧]→[Internet Explorer] or click IE icon at desktop.

 To start Firefox, go to [スタート]→[すべてのプログラム]

→[Web 閲覧]→[Mozilla Firefox].

After starting the web browser, the top page of the IIMC

Educational Computer System website will appear. In the [ ア ド

レス (Address)] box, you will see http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/ ja/services/ecs/

". This is referred to as the URL. You can input a URL into the [ ア ド レ ス (Address)] box and you will move to the website that you entered. Sometimes you will fi nd a Link on a screen that will allow you to jump to another website. By clicking on links, it is possible to view linked websites.

4.4.6. Applications

Many convenient applications are installed in the Windows 7 of the Educational Computer System. These can be executed by clicking the [ ス タ ー ト (Start)] button at the bottom-left corner of the screen, then [ す べ て の プ ロ グ ラ ム (All Programs)], and clicking on the program.

Keep in mind that the same applications are not installed on all computers. Due to license agreements, some software cannot be installed on all computers. Also, some software is only available at certain satellite laboratories.

The following are some of the software that is available.

Microsoft Offi ce 2010

・Word: Word processing software

・Excel: Spreadsheet software

・PowerPoint: Presentation software

・Access : Database management software

LibreOffi ce

・Writer:Word processing software

・Calc: Spreadsheet software

・Impress: Presentation software

・Draw: Drawing software

・Math: Equation editor

Linux

・Vine Linux 6

Web Browsers

・Internet Explorer

・Firefox

・Lynx

Multimedia Software

・IrfanView: Image viewing / editing / formatting software

・Dynamic Draw: Drawing software for creating diagrams

・Windows Media Player: Audio / Video player

・Quick Time:Audio / Video player

・Real Player:Audio / Video player

Document Processing Tools

・pLaTeX, dviout:TeX compiler and viewer

・GhostScript, GhostView :PS/PDF printing/ File creation software

・EasyTeX,TeXworks:Software for simplifying commands and input for TeX

・Adobe Reader :PDF viewing software

・CubePDF : PDF creation tool for using virtual printers

Specialized Applications

・Maple:A computer algebra system, facilitating symbolic mathematics.

・SPSS: Statistical analysis software

・R : Language and environment for statistic calculation and

graphics

・Mandara: Geographical information analysis system software

Text Editing

In addition to [ メ モ 帳 (Notepad)] included with Windows, the following software is also installed

・TeraPad : Standard function Text editor with standard

functions

・Vim: Windows version of vi

・Meadow:Windows version of emacs

・秀丸: High-function text editor

・サクラエディタ: text editor

Programming Software

・Microsoft Visual C++ Express Edition:C++ development

environment

・Microsoft Visual C# Express Edition:C# development

environment

・Microsoft Visual Basic Express Edition:Basic development

environment

・Eclipse:Java development environment

・Perl:Perl interpreter

・Python:Python interpreter

・Ruby:Ruby interpreter

Utilities

・Type Trainer:Typing exercise software

・Lhaplus:Compression and decompression Archiving software

Communication Applications

・WinSCP: File transfer software

・TeraTerm: Terminal software

Following applications are installed only PC terminal at the

Media Center South Building OSL.

Adobe Web Premium CS4

・Adobe Illustrator CS4: Vector graphic software

・Adobe Photoshop CS4: Graphics editing software

17

4.5. What Can We Do Using Linux?

18

When using Linux and other software in Windows 7 together, right-click here or click Minimize button in upper right screen.

GNOME Terminals

A GNOME Terminal is used to send f ile operation commands such as copy or delete document, to output commands to printers, and execute commands to start various software.

To start it, from the top left part of the screen select [ アプリケーション( Applications )] → [シ

ステムツール ( System Tools )] → [ GNOME 端

末 ( GNOME Terminal )].

emacs

This is a representative text editor.

19

In the Educational Computer System, Linux is available in addition to the Windows environment. Using a virtualization software "Oracle VM VirtualBox", it is able to be run Linux on the

Windows environment.

4.5.1. Start Linux

1. Double-click Linux on the Windows 7 desktop. You can also start the program by selecting [ ス タ ー ト (Start)] from the bottom-left corner of the screen and then

[ す べ て の プ ロ グ ラ ム (All Programs)] →

[Linux] → [Linux] → [Vine Linux 6].

2. After a while, a window shown on the below will appear. Enter your ECS-ID in the textbox and click [ ログイン ]. Then, enter your ECS-ID's password in the form and click [ ログイン ].

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

 This operation will not shut down Windows 7.

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4.5.3. Starting GNOME Terminals

To start GNOME Terminal for inputting commands, click the icon, or [Applications] → [System Tools] → [Terminal].

4.5.4. Printing

When printing a text file such as a paper.txt file, input the following from the GNOME Terminal. lpr paper.txt

It will be output to the printer in the using satellite laboratory,

 For Postscript format fi les (e.g. paper.ps), input the following.

lpr paper.ps

If it does not work, input the following.

lpr -P PRXXY-XXX-JP-PS paper.txt

X represents numbers, Y represents letters. They vary according to a room. Confi rm the tape which is put on the printer.

20

Information ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

  

  For user authentication with Windows, the expression log on is  

 used and with Linux log in is used.

 When fi nishing, the expressions log off and log out are used.

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4.5.2 Logging Off (Logging Out)

From the top left of the screen, select [ シ ス テ ム (System)] →

[ シャットダウン (Shut Down )]. A window saying " このシステム

を今すぐシャットダウンしますか? (Do you want to shut down this system right now?)" will appear. Select the rightmost button,

[ シャットダウン (Shut down)].

For example, you see the character strings, "PR18A-211" on the printer. So type the following.

lpr -P PR18A-211-JP-PS paper.txt

 The number of pages printed using UNIX will be counted along with the number of pages printed using Windows 7.

(For more information, refer to Printing Limitations in 4.7.1.

Limitations on Usage Amounts . )

4.5.5. Using Web Browser.

 With Linux, fi refox is used as a web browser. To start fi refox, input the following from the GNOME Terminal. fi refox &

You can also start fi refox by going to [ ア プ リ ケ ー シ ョ ン

(Applications)] → [ インターネット (Internet)] → [Fx ウェブブラ

ウザ (fi refox)].

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

  Keep in mind that if you specify the incorrect access permission on

Linux, a fi le may be read or written by another user. (The default setting does not allow other users to read or write fi les.)

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Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

Be careful when changing the default setting fi les for Linux (these start with a . ).

If you make a mistake with the settings, you may not be able to log in.

In this situation, send the inquiry form from IIMC website (https://www.

iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/inquiry/).

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4.5.6. Using Windows 7 and Linux together

 In the Educational Computer System, because the use of virtualization software, you can treat Linux like any other application windows. You can also return Windows clicking

Minimize button in upper right screen.

4.5.7. Using USB fl ash drive at Linux

To access files at USB flash drive from Linux, follow the following steps.

◆ Connecting USB fl ash drive

1. Connect the USB fl ash drive to an USB port. If it is already connected, remove it and connect it again.

2. Automatic Start window will appear at Windows7, ignore this window and not to click.

3. At Virtual Box, Right click the icon at right bottom of the window.

4. Confi rm and select USB fl ash drive's name.

5. Waiting for a while, Nautilus the fi le manager window will open and show the contents in USB fl ash drive automatically.

◆ Removing USB fl ash drive

Right click the USB fl ash drive icon and select [ ドライブの安全

な取り出し (Remove)].

※ USB fl ash drive cannot be used on both Windows and Linux at the same time.

4.5.8. Exchanging fi les between Windows 7 and Linux

Both Windows7 and Linux refer mutually through the "Linux" folder (M: ¥ Linux ¥ home) under your "Home Directory" of

Windows 7(M:).

◆ Using Windows7

Move to M:¥ Linux ¥ home

[ コンピューター (Computer)] → [Home Directory (M:)] → [Linux]

→ [home]

◆ Using Linux

The home directory of linux is following line.

/home/ecsfsX/ecs/a0XXX/a0XXXXXX

There is the directory named "Windows" under home directory, move there and see the fi les under M:¥ Linux ¥ home at Windows

7.

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

Files that contain Japanese characters in the fi le name from Windows

7 may have a fi le name containing numbers or letters in UNIX.

Keep in mind that for text file Kanji character codes and linefeed codes, shift JIS code / CR + LF is used for Windows 7, and in Linux, UTF-

8/LF is used.

Use the nkf command to confi rm the Kanji code.

Example: nkf -g foo.tex

UTF-8

(This indicates that the Kanji code for the fi le foo.tex is UTF-8 code.)

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In the following site, you see the list of applications available for

Linux in the Educational Computer System, and Use of Linux.

"http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/terminal/use/ linux.html"

21

22

4.6. Using USB Devices

4.6.1. Using USB Devices

USB (Universal Serial Bus) is one of the standards for transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.

By using devices compatible with USB, you can store large amounts of data to external storage devices easily and to read various types of removable disks. This section will explain how to use plug and play (no driver installation needed) Windows 7 compatible USB devices to store large amounts of data.

Most plug and play type USB devices have the same operation method.

4.6.2. Connecting Devices to USB Ports

 You can connect devices to the USB ports on the front of the computer terminal.

USB fl ash drive

After connecting a device to the USB port, waiting a while. A window like upper fi gure appears automatically.

4.6.3. Disconnecting Devices from USB Ports

When you have fi nished using a USB device, do not immediately disconnect it from the USB port. This may cause problems with the USB device or the data. To disconnect a USB device after you have fi nished using it, execute the following procedure.

1. Confirm the name of the USB device that you want to disconnect. Open [ コ ン ピ ュ ー タ ー (Computer)] to confi rm this.

2. Click this icon on the right side of the task tray.

3. Select the USB device that you want to disconnect.

You will see the following message indicating that you can now safely disconnect the USB device. Remove the USB device from the USB port.

This is the basic usage method for any USB device. If you have any questions about the USB device you are using, refer to the manual for the USB device.

Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

・ Keep in mind that you may not be able to use USB flash memory devices with some Educational Computer System computer terminals that have security protection.

・ You are responsible for problems with any USB device you bring.

・ Some USB devices require drivers to be installed on the computer.

However, it may not be possible to install the drivers for your device.

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4.6.4. Using USB Flash Drive

USB fl ash drives are small drives that can store large amounts of data, and they are relatively inexpensive. It is recommended that you use USB flash drive for external storage with Educational

Computer System computer terminals.

注意 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

Many people forget to remove their USB fl ash memory devices. This can cause loss of data and may result in information leakage.

‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

4.6.5. Borrowing USB Devices

You can borrow image scanners connecting to USB ports at the Media Center South Building OSL. These can be used for scanning photo and documents so that you can import them to a computer. If you want to borrow a scanner, ask TAs on the east side of OSL. You can also ask TAs to borrow USB fl ash memory drives and card readers for SD cards and Memory Sticks.

注意 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥

These loaned items are shared by others. Please, be sure to return the item quickly so that others can use.

In addition, lending USB fl ash memory is not allowed to bring back

to home. Please return it after you use.

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4.7. Requests to Users

The Educational Computer System is provided for educational purposes at this university. Therefore, it should be used appropriately.

Equipment and the budget for the Educational Computer

System are limited, and it is shared by many users. As a result, the following limitations have been set for usage.

4.7.1. Limitations on Usage Amounts

◆ Limitations on Printing

Users are limited to printing 200 sheets per year. Counting starts from April 1st and ends March 31st. If you click Usage

Information on the desktop of an Educational Computer

System computer terminal, you will be able to see the number of sheets you have already printed and your file and e-mail usage amounts.

Many users may use the printers. Therefore, take others into consideration and try to minimize your printer usage time and number of pages you print.

Information about using printers effectively is available from the Educational Computer System.

http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/printer/support/ printips.html

◆ File and Limitations

 Each user may store up to 300MB of files (stored in My

Documents). If you click Usage Information on the desktop of an Educational Computer System computer terminal, you will be able to see your fi le usage amounts. If you greatly exceed these limitations, you may be prohibited from using the system. Please use USB Flash memory devices to store fi les that are over your limited amount, or to move fi les from the computer terminals to your own computer.

◆ Multiple Logon Prohibited

 Due to security reasons, logging on to multiple computer terminals at the same time is prohibited.

This website shows users how to register the ECS-IDs and provides other important notifi cation such as system outage. It also contains documents that show how to use various services, a user support FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) page, and an inquiry form.

4.7.3. Rules for OSLs and Satellite Laboratories

OSLs and satellite laboratories are used by many people. All users should cooperate with each other so that it can be used properly. Please observe basic manners such as being quiet and give your seat others when OSLs and satellite laboratories are crowded.

You are not allowed to bring food or drinks into OSLs and satellite laboratories, and you are not allowed to use erasers.

These rules are designed to prevent damage to the computer terminals.

4.7.4. Operation Rules at Satellite Laboratories

Open hours and user conditions differ according to the department where the satellite laboratory is located. For more details, please ask each department.

4.7.2. Information about the Educational Computer

System

 Information about the Educational Computer System is provided at the following website.

http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/

23

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