4. Computer Terminal Services
4. Computer Terminal Services
4.1. Computer Terminal Services
There are about 1,400 computer terminals available on the
Educational Computer System throughout 26 different locations including the Multimedia Laboratory of the Media Center
South Building, Open Space Laboratories (OSLs), and satellite
laboratories of each department. These computer terminals run
Windows 7. It is also possible to use Linux using Oracle VM VirtualBox installed in the computer terminal.
Each user's files are stored in the file server at the Media Center
South Building, and the setting and files are available from any
computer terminal on the network. Files cannot be accessed by
others by default.
In addition, you can print from any computer terminal using
laser printers that are connected to the network at satellite laboratories and OSLs.
◆ Satellite Laboratories
Satellite laboratories are computer rooms located in each department, and are used for department classes. Open hours and
user conditions differ according to the department. For more information about satellite laboratory locations, refer to Appendix
6.
◆ Open Space Laboratories (OSL)
Open Space Laboratories are computer rooms located on the
first floor of the Media Center South Building, the second floor
of the Media Center North Building, the third floor of the University Library, the second floor of the Yoshida-South Library, and
Katsura Campus Funai Community Hall. These are not used for
classes, but rather are for self learning.
In the Media Center South Building, graduate students are working as teaching assistants (TAs) and can answer user's questions.
◆ Multimedia Laboratories
Multimedia laboratories are located in the second and third
floors of the Media Center South Building, and computer terminals and video projectors are available. These are used for
liberal arts and general education courses including information
education.
10
4.2. Starting Up Computer Terminals
①
Turn on the computer.
Press here to turn
power ON.
Monitor
PC
The green light is
on while the PC is
running.
Computer Terminal Services
Mouse
Keyboard
If you need help with operating
a computer, ask TAs at the Media
Center South Building OSL.
②
Clicking
Getting Started.
・ Click: Quickly pressing
the right or left button of
the mouse one time
・D o u b l e - C l i c k : Q u i c k l y
pressing a button twice
Waiting for a while.
③
Right-Click
Left-Click
Logging on.
Input your ECS-ID as Username.
The ECS-ID is an 8-character long string such as "a0XXXXXX ".
("X" represents numbers.)
Input your password corresponding to your ECS-ID.
Activating your ECS-ID
from here.
After input the Username and the Password, click here.
Opening "Common Portal for All student"
page. But you can't read Websites or use
softwares by this button.
11
4.3. Shutting Down Computer Terminals
① Close all application you started.
② Go to [ スタート (Start)] → [ シャットダウン (Shutdown)] , and then press [OK].
③ The operation is complete.
If another user is waiting to use the
computer, select [ 再起動 ].
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
・Do not leave a computer in the logged on status. It could be abused by another user.
・When you are finished, do not press the power button to turn the computer OFF.
If you do that, normal shutdown will not be executed and data will not be saved.
・If the computer is unused for a certain period, the screen will go blank and Windows will be locked.
Please note that if this lock status continues for a certain period, it will automatically log off.
・When you finisih using computer terminals, make sure that the shut down process has completed. Shut down process
sometimes fails.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
12
4.4. What Can We Do Using Windows 7?
You can confirm how much space you have on the disk.
You should save files here.
For more information, refer to "4.4.1 Saving Files"
You can move to the Information Security e-Learning course.
Computer Terminal Services
For more information, refer to 3.5. Information Security e-Learning."
FAQs are here.
The Common Portal for All Students web page will appear.
For more information, refer to " 7.Logging In Using the Common Portal for All Students.
You can confirm how many sheets you have printed.
※ ECS-ID is required for checking.
You can confirm job items waiting for printing.
You can cancel an item waiting to be printed.
※ ECS-ID is required for checking.
This brings up the Linux login screen.
For more information, refer to 4.5. What Can We Do Using Linux?
You can use "Kyoto University Mail for Student and Researchers."
For more information about e-mail services, refer to "8. Using the
Kyoto University Mail for Students and Researchers "
This is the Start Button.
From here, you can use various applications.
This is the taskbar.
13
Minimize
The window will be minimized and will be
move to the taskbar.
Maximize
The window will fill the screen.
Close
The window will close.
You can put files here that you want to delete.
This is the task tray.
Icons appear here when devices are connected to the computer.
For more information, refer to 4.6. Using USB Devices .
14
4.4.1. Saving Files When you save files, save it to the following location.
・Go to M Drive([マイコンピュータ]→[Home Directory (M:)]
)
・My Documents on the Desktop.
(My Documents and the M Drive point to the same location.)
・External storage device (e.g. Flash memory drive)
In the Educational Computer System, disks on the network are
used as the location for saving various files created by users.
These disks are My Documents and M Drive on the desktop. By
saving files to the disks on the network, you can access your files
from any computer on the system. However, your available disk
1. Select[印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)]from the application
menu to confirm the output results.
size is limited to 300MB. For more information, refer to "4.7.1.
2. Select[印刷 (Print)]to display the printing dialog box.
Limitation on Usage Amounts."
3. Confirm that the printer name is "Auth-by-Card-Printer ."
after you shut down.
4. Click the[印刷 (Print)]button.
Computer Terminal Services
If you save files to another location, the files will be removed
5. Push the 節電ボタン (Power Saving Button) on the printer if
green light is turning on.
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
Do not use languages other than English or Japanese for file names
using Windows 7. You may not be able to access such files.
6. Put your Student Card close to IC card reader next to the
printer. The LCD monitor changes from [ ICカードヲチカヅ
ケテクダサイ (Put the IC Card close to the reader)] to [ シヨウ
デキマス (Ready to use)] and printing will start.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
4.4.2. Printing at Satellites
Laser printers are available in satellite laboratories. You can
print out documents from various applications.
Educational Computer System printers automatically print out
the ECS-ID on the bottom-left corner of the printed document.
The number of sheets that can be printed is limited to 200 per
year. For more information, refer to "Printing Limitations" in
"4.7.1. Limitations on Usage Amounts." The following is the procedure for printing.
1. Select[印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)]from the application
menu to confirm the output results.
2. After confirming the preview, select[印刷 (Print)]to display
the printing dialog box.
• If no setting are made, printing will be done on both sides
of the paper. To print only on one side, specify in the page
settings.
• We ask users to help supply the paper and toner to the
3. Select a printer name such as "prXXY -XXX -JP" (here, X
printers in the OSLs and satellite laboratories. Paper and toner
represents numbers, and Y represents letters. They differ
are managed by each division (mainly department offices), so
according to the computer room.)
go there to get necessary supplies.
4. Click the[印刷 (Print)]button.
• If no setting are made, printing will be done on both sides
• If you find printer failure, contact TAs and the Media Center
South Building OSL.
of the paper. To print only on one side, specify in the page
settings.
4.4.3. Printing at OSLs
Laser printers are also available in OSLs. You can print out
documents from various applications.
When using printers at OSLs, you need to bring your IC Student
Card.
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
Many students use the printers every day and they are
important devices, but some use the printers improperly. Please
use good manners when printing. For example, do not print
many unnecessary pages.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
The following is the printing procedure.
15
5. The "CubePDF" dialog appears, Click " ... " to select the location
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
and name the file.
Students who are taking courses using the Educational Computer
System should keep in mind that if the number of sheets they have
printing is over the specified limit, printing will not be executed even if
it is during a class. You should use the printers wisely.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
※ If you have no IC Student Card.
The following is the procedure for printing.
1. Select[印刷プレビュー (Print Preview)]from the application
menu to confirm the output results.
2. Select[印刷 (Print)]to display the printing dialog box.
3. Select a printer name such as "Auth-Free-Printer-XXXX" (here,
X represents numbers, and varies according to a terminal room.)
4. Click the[印刷 (Print)]button.
6. Click[変換 (convert)]button.
7. Confirm the output.
4.4.4. Creating PDF Files
For converting documents such as Word documents into PDF,
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
follow the following procedure.
If you want to extract some part of the PDF documents and make a
1. Select[印刷 (Print)]from the application menu.
2. Select pages you want to convert.
new PDF file, execute the same operation using Adobe Reader.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
3. Select "CubePDF" as a printer name.
4.4.5. Using the World Wide Web (WWW)
4. Click "OK" or "Print" button. The button name differs from
The World Wide Web is a global information system that
applications. (At the figure, Word2010 is used.)
makes it possible to publish or view various information
resources such as text, images, and sound. Now, many
individuals and organizations throughout the world provide
information through the WWW, and anyone can access this
information by using services such as search engines.
Usually, information sources on the WWW can be viewed
through a web browser. The Educational Computer System
uses Microsoft Internet Explorer (IE) and Mozilla Firefox web
browsers for Windows 7.
To start Internet Explorer, go to [ スタート]→[すべてのプロ
グラム]→[Web 閲覧]→[Internet Explorer]or click IE icon
at desktop.
To start Firefox, go to[スタート]→[すべてのプログラム]
→[Web 閲覧]→[Mozilla Firefox].
After starting the web browser, the top page of the IIMC
Educational Computer System website will appear. In the [ ア ド
レス (Address)] box, you will see http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/
ja/services/ecs/". This is referred to as the URL. You can input
a URL into the [ ア ド レ ス (Address)] box and you will move to
the website that you entered. Sometimes you will find a Link
on a screen that will allow you to jump to another website. By
clicking on links, it is possible to view linked websites.
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4.4.6. Applications
Many convenient applications are installed in the Windows 7
of the Educational Computer System. These can be executed by
Specialized Applications
・Maple:A computer algebra system, facilitating symbolic
mathematics.
clicking the [ ス タ ー ト (Start)] button at the bottom-left corner
・SPSS:Statistical analysis software
of the screen, then [ す べ て の プ ロ グ ラ ム (All Programs)], and
・R:Language and environment for statistic calculation and
clicking on the program.
Keep in mind that the same applications are not installed on all
graphics
・Mandara:Geographical information analysis system software
computers. Due to license agreements, some software cannot be
installed on all computers. Also, some software is only available
Text Editing
at certain satellite laboratories.
In addition to [ メ モ 帳 (Notepad)] included with Windows, the
The following are some of the software that is available.
following software is also installed
・TeraPad:Standard function Text editor with standard
Microsoft Office 2010
functions
・Excel:Spreadsheet software
・Meadow:Windows version of emacs
・PowerPoint:Presentation software
・秀丸:High-function text editor
・Access:Database management software
・サクラエディタ:text editor
LibreOffice
Programming Software
・Writer:Word processing software
・Microsoft Visual C++ Express Edition:C++ development
・Calc:Spreadsheet software
・Impress:Presentation software
・Draw:Drawing software
・Math:Equation editor
Computer Terminal Services
・Word:Word processing software
・Vim:Windows version of vi
environment
・Microsoft Visual C# Express Edition:C# development
environment
・Microsoft Visual Basic Express Edition:Basic development
environment
Linux
・Eclipse:Java development environment
・Vine Linux 6
・Perl:Perl interpreter
・Python:Python interpreter
Web Browsers
・Ruby:Ruby interpreter
・Internet Explorer
・Firefox
Utilities
・Lynx
・Type Trainer:Typing exercise software
・Lhaplus:Compression and decompression Archiving software
Multimedia Software
・IrfanView:Image viewing / editing / formatting software
Communication Applications
・Dynamic Draw:Drawing software for creating diagrams
・WinSCP:File transfer software
・Windows Media Player:Audio / Video player
・TeraTerm:Terminal software
・Quick Time:Audio / Video player
・Real Player:Audio / Video player
Following applications are installed only PC terminal at the
Media Center South Building OSL.
Document Processing Tools
Adobe Web Premium CS4
・pLaTeX, dviout:TeX compiler and viewer
・Adobe Illustrator CS4:Vector graphic software
・GhostScript, GhostView :PS/PDF printing/ File creation
・Adobe Photoshop CS4:Graphics editing software
software
・EasyTeX,TeXworks:Software for simplifying commands and
input for TeX
・Adobe Reader :PDF viewing software
・CubePDF:PDF creation tool for using virtual printers
17
4.5. What Can We Do Using Linux?
GNOME Terminals
A GNOME Terminal is used to send f ile
operation commands such as copy or delete
document, to output commands to printers,
and execute commands to start various
software.
To start it, from the top left part of the screen
select [ アプリケーション( Applications )] → [シ
ステムツール ( System Tools )] → [ GNOME 端
末 ( GNOME Terminal )].
When using Linux and other
software in Windows 7 together,
right-click here or click Minimize
button in upper right screen.
18
Computer Terminal Services
emacs
This is a representative text editor.
19
In the Educational Computer System, Linux is available in
addition to the Windows environment. Using a virtualization
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
software "Oracle VM VirtualBox", it is able to be run Linux on the
Windows environment.
This operation will not shut down Windows 7.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
4.5.1. Start Linux
1. Double-click Linux on the Windows 7
desktop. You can also start the program
4.5.3. Starting GNOME Terminals
To start GNOME Terminal for inputting commands, click
by selecting [ ス タ ー ト (Start)] from the
bottom-left corner of the screen and then
[ す べ て の プ ロ グ ラ ム (All Programs)] →
[Linux] → [Linux] → [Vine Linux 6].
the
icon, or [Applications] → [System Tools] → [Terminal].
4.5.4. Printing
When printing a text file such as a paper.txt file, input the
2. After a while, a window shown on the below will appear. Enter
your ECS-ID in the textbox and click [ ログイン ]. Then, enter
your ECS-ID's password in the form and click [ ログイン ].
following from the GNOME Terminal.
lpr paper.txt
It will be output to the printer in the using satellite laboratory,
For Postscript format files (e.g. paper.ps), input the following.
lpr paper.ps
If it does not work, input the following.
lpr -P PRXXY-XXX-JP-PS paper.txt
X represents numbers, Y represents letters. They vary according
to a room. Confirm the tape which is put on the printer.
Information ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
For user authentication with Windows, the expression log on is used and with Linux log in is used.
When finishing, the expressions log off and log out are used.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
For example, you see the character strings, "PR18A-211" on the
printer. So type the following.
lpr -P PR18A-211-JP-PS paper.txt
4.5.2 Logging Off (Logging Out)
From the top left of the screen, select [ シ ス テ ム (System)] →
The number of pages printed using UNIX will be counted along
[ シャットダウン (Shut Down )]. A window saying " このシステム
with the number of pages printed using Windows 7.
を今すぐシャットダウンしますか? (Do you want to shut down
(For more information, refer to
this system right now?)" will appear. Select the rightmost button,
Limitations on Usage Amounts . )
Printing Limitations in 4.7.1.
[ シャットダウン (Shut down)].
4.5.5. Using Web Browser.
With Linux, firefox is used as a web browser. To start firefox,
input the following from the GNOME Terminal.
firefox &
20
You can also start firefox by going to [ ア プ リ ケ ー シ ョ ン
(Applications)] → [ インターネット (Internet)] → [Fx ウェブブラ
ウザ (firefox)].
4. Confirm and select USB flash drive's name.
5. Waiting for a while, Nautilus the file manager window will open and
show the contents in USB flash drive automatically.
◆ Removing USB flash drive
Right click the USB flash drive icon and select [ ドライブの安全
な取り出し (Remove)].
※ USB flash drive cannot be used on both Windows and Linux
at the same time.
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
Both Windows7 and Linux refer mutually through the "Linux"
Computer Terminal Services
4.5.8. Exchanging files between Windows 7 and Linux
folder (M: ¥Linux ¥home) under your "Home Directory" of
Keep in mind that if you specify the incorrect access permission on
Windows 7(M:).
Linux, a file may be read or written by another user. (The default setting
does not allow other users to read or write files.)
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
◆ Using Windows7
Move to M:¥Linux ¥home
[ コンピューター (Computer)] → [Home Directory (M:)] → [Linux]
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
→ [home]
Be careful when changing the default setting files for Linux (these start
◆ Using Linux
with a . ).
The home directory of linux is following line.
If you make a mistake with the settings, you may not be able to log in.
/home/ecsfsX/ecs/a0XXX/a0XXXXXX
In this situation, send the inquiry form from IIMC website (https://www.
There is the directory named "Windows" under home directory,
iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/inquiry/).
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
move there and see the files under M:¥Linux ¥home at Windows
7.
4.5.6. Using Windows 7 and Linux together
In the Educational Computer System, because the use of
virtualization software, you can treat Linux like any other
application windows. You can also return Windows clicking
Minimize button in upper right screen.
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
Files that contain Japanese characters in the file name from Windows
7 may have a file name containing numbers or letters in UNIX.
Keep in mind that for text file Kanji character codes and linefeed
codes, shift JIS code / CR + LF is used for Windows 7, and in Linux, UTF-
4.5.7. Using USB flash drive at Linux
To access files at USB flash drive from Linux, follow the
Use the nkf command to confirm the Kanji code.
Example: nkf -g
following steps.
foo.tex
UTF-8
◆ Connecting USB flash drive
1. Connect the USB flash drive to an USB port. If it is already connected,
(This indicates that the Kanji code for the file foo.tex is UTF-8 code.)
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
remove it and connect it again.
2. Automatic Start window will appear at Windows7, ignore this
In the following site, you see the list of applications available for
Linux in the Educational Computer System, and Use of Linux.
window and not to click.
3. At Virtual Box, Right click the
8/LF is used.
icon at right bottom of the window.
"http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/terminal/use/
linux.html"
21
4.6. Using USB Devices
4.6.1. Using USB Devices
USB (Universal Serial Bus) is one of the standards for
transferring data between computers and peripheral devices.
3. Select the USB device that you want to disconnect.
You will see the following message indicating that you can now
safely disconnect the USB device. Remove the USB device from
the USB port.
By using devices compatible with USB, you can store large
amounts of data to external storage devices easily and to read
various types of removable disks. This section will explain how
to use plug and play (no driver installation needed) Windows 7
compatible USB devices to store large amounts of data.
Most plug and play type USB devices have the same operation
method.
This is the basic usage method for any USB device. If you have
any questions about the USB device you are using, refer to the
manual for the USB device.
4.6.2. Connecting Devices to USB Ports
You can connect devices to the USB ports on the front of the
computer terminal.
Caution ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
・Keep in mind that you may not be able to use USB flash memory
devices with some Educational Computer System computer terminals
that have security protection.
・You are responsible for problems with any USB device you bring.
・Some USB devices require drivers to be installed on the computer.
However, it may not be possible to install the drivers for your device.
USB
h
flas
e
driv
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
4.6.4. Using USB Flash Drive
USB flash drives are small drives that can store large amounts of
data, and they are relatively inexpensive. It is recommended that
you use USB flash drive for external storage with Educational
Computer System computer terminals.
注意 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
Many people forget to remove their USB flash memory devices. This
can cause loss of data and may result in information leakage.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
After connecting a device to the USB port, waiting a while. A
window like upper figure appears automatically.
4.6.5. Borrowing USB Devices
You can borrow image scanners connecting to USB ports at
4.6.3. Disconnecting Devices from USB Ports
When you have finished using a USB device, do not immediately
disconnect it from the USB port. This may cause problems with
the USB device or the data. To disconnect a USB device after you
have finished using it, execute the following procedure.
the Media Center South Building OSL. These can be used for
scanning photo and documents so that you can import them to a
computer. If you want to borrow a scanner, ask TAs on the east
side of OSL. You can also ask TAs to borrow USB flash memory
drives and card readers for SD cards and Memory Sticks.
1. Confirm the name of the USB device that you want to
disconnect. Open [ コ ン ピ ュ ー タ ー (Computer)] to confirm
注意 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
These loaned items are shared by others. Please, be sure to return the
this.
2. Click this
icon on the right side of the task tray.
item quickly so that others can use.
In addition, lending USB flash memory is not allowed to bring back
to home. Please return it after you use.
‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥
22
4.7. Requests to Users
This website shows users how to register the ECS-IDs and
The Educational Computer System is provided for educational
provides other important notification such as system outage. It
purposes at this university. Therefore, it should be used
also contains documents that show how to use various services,
appropriately.
a user support FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) page, and an
Equipment and the budget for the Educational Computer
inquiry form.
System are limited, and it is shared by many users. As a result,
the following limitations have been set for usage.
4.7.3. Rules for OSLs and Satellite Laboratories
4.7.1. Limitations on Usage Amounts
users should cooperate with each other so that it can be used
OSLs and satellite laboratories are used by many people. All
◆ Limitations on Printing
Users are limited to printing 200 sheets per year. Counting
starts from April 1st and ends March 31st. If you click Usage
System computer terminal, you will be able to see the number
of sheets you have already printed and your file and e-mail
usage amounts.
give your seat others when OSLs and satellite laboratories are
crowded.
You are not allowed to bring food or drinks into OSLs and
Computer Terminal Services
Information on the desktop of an Educational Computer
properly. Please observe basic manners such as being quiet and
satellite laboratories, and you are not allowed to use erasers.
These rules are designed to prevent damage to the computer
terminals.
Many users may use the printers. Therefore, take others into
consideration and try to minimize your printer usage time and
number of pages you print.
Information about using printers effectively is available from
the Educational Computer System.
4.7.4. Operation Rules at Satellite Laboratories
Open hours and user conditions differ according to the
department where the satellite laboratory is located. For more
details, please ask each department.
http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/printer/support/
printips.html
◆ File and Limitations
Each user may store up to 300MB of files (stored in My
Documents). If you click Usage Information on the desktop of
an Educational Computer System computer terminal, you will be
able to see your file usage amounts. If you greatly exceed these
limitations, you may be prohibited from using the system. Please
use USB Flash memory devices to store files that are over your
limited amount, or to move files from the computer terminals to
your own computer.
◆ Multiple Logon Prohibited
Due to security reasons, logging on to multiple computer
terminals at the same time is prohibited.
4.7.2. Information about the Educational Computer
System
Information about the Educational Computer System is
provided at the following website.
http://www.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp/en/services/ecs/
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