JL Audio 505 User's Manual
JL AUDIO 500/5
five-channel system amplifier
o w n e r ’s m a n u a l
Thank you for purchasing a JL Audio amplifier for
your automotive sound system.
Your amplifier has been designed and manufactured to exacting
standards in order to ensure years of musical enjoyment in your
vehicle. For maximum performance and extended warranty
coverage, we highly recommend that you have your new amplifier
installed by an authorized JL Audio dealer. Your authorized
dealer has the training, expertise and installation equipment to
ensure optimum performance from this product. Should you
decide to install the amplifier yourself, please take the time
to read this manual thoroughly so as to familiarize yourself
with its installation requirements and setup procedures.
If you have any questions regarding the instructions in this
manual or any aspect of your amplifier’s operation, please contact
your authorized JL Audio dealer for assistance. If you need further
assistance, please call the JL Audio Technical Support Department at
(954) 443-1100 during business hours (Eastern Time Zone).
PROTECT YOUR HEARING!
We value you as a long-term customer. For that
reason, we urge you to practice restraint in the
operation of this product so as not to damage your
hearing and that of others in your vehicle. Studies
have shown that continuous exposure to high
sound pressure levels can lead to permanent
(irreparable) hearing loss.This and all other highpower amplifiers are capable of producing such high
sound pressure levels when connected to a speaker
system. Please limit your continuous exposure to
high volume levels.
While driving, operate your audio system in a
manner that still allows you to hear necessary noises
to operate your vehicle safely (horns, sirens, etc.).
INSTALLATION APPLICATIONS
This amplifier is designed for operation in vehicles
with 12V, negative-ground electrical systems. Use of
this product in vehicles with positive ground and/or
voltages other than 12V may result in damage to the
product and will void the warranty.
This product is not certified or approved for
use in aircraft.
Do not attempt to “bridge” the outputs of this
amplifier with the outputs of a second amplifier,
including an identical one.
PLANNING YOUR INSTALLATION
It is important that you take the time to read
this manual and that you plan out your installation
carefully.The following are some considerations
that you must take into account when planning
your installation.
_______________________________
Ground
Remote
Subwoofer Input
Mode Selector
(pg. 7)
Preamp Output
Signal Selector
(pg. 9)
Infrasonic Filter
Defeat Switch
(pg. 10)
Subwoofer LowPass Filter Slope
Selection / Defeat
(pg. 9)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Rear High-Pass
Filter Slope
Selection / Defeat
(pg. 8)
Input Sensitivity
Control
(pg. 6)
Input Voltage
Range Selector
(pg. 6)
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Positive
Subwoofer
Outputs
(pg. 11)
Negative
Subwoofer
Outputs
(pg. 11)
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Left and Right
Preamp Output Jacks
(pg. 9)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Jack for
LF Boost
Remote Bass Control
Control Knob (pg. 10)
(pg. 10)
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Ambience Mode
Selector
(pg. 17)
Left
Left and Right
Sub Input Jacks
(pg. 6)
Selects Output
Filter Cutoff
Frequency
(pg. 9)
JL AUDIO 500/5
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Selects Rear Filter
Cutoff Frequency
(pg. 8)
Front Filter Section
Right Ch.
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Left and Right
Input Jacks
(pg. 6)
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front
and
Rear
Selects
2ch/4ch Mode
(pg. 7)
JL AUDIO 500/5
Front Speaker
Outputs
(pg. 11)
Front Input Section
Freq. Range
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
2ch/4ch
Left Ch.
Input Voltage
Range Selector
(pg. 6)
L-R Ambience
F/R Input Mode
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Front Frequency
Range Selector
(pg. 8)
Rear Speaker
Outputs
(pg. 11)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
Input Sensitivity
Control
(pg. 6)
Front Filter
Slope Selection
(pg. 7)
Input Sensitivity Control
(pg. 6)
Input Voltage
Range Selector
(pg. 6)
Rear Frequency
Range Selector
(pg. 8)
+7
+3
2
Stupid Mistakes to Avoid:
• Check before drilling any holes in your vehicle to
make sure that you will not be drilling through a
gas tank, brake line, wiring harness or other vital
vehicle system.
• Do not run system wiring outside or underneath
the vehicle.This is an extremely dangerous
practice which can result in severe damage to
your vehicle and person.
• Protect all system wires from sharp metal
edges and wear by carefully routing them,
tying them down and using grommets and
loom where appropriate.
• Do not mount the amplifier in the engine
compartment, under the vehicle, on the roof
or in any other area that will expose the amplifier
circuitry to the elements.
• Amplifier mounted vertically with heat sink fins
pointing up: Optimum
• Amplifier mounted horizontally,
right side up: Good
• Amplifier mounted horizontally, but upside down:
Fair (not recommended if there is less than 1 inch
(2.5 cm) clearance above the amplifier heat sinks)
• Amplifier mounted vertically with heat sink fins
pointing laterally: Fair
• Amplifier mounted vertically with heat sink fins
pointing down: Poor (not recommended)
Serial Number:
+12VDC
Safety Considerations:
Your amplifier needs to be installed in a dry,
well-ventilated environment and in a manner
which does not interfere with your vehicle’s safety
equipment (air bags, seat belt systems, ABS brake
systems, etc.).You should also take the time to
securely mount the amplifier using the supplied
screws so that it does not come loose in the event
of a collision or a sudden jolt to the vehicle (20 lbs.
of aluminum traveling at 60 MPH will hurt you).
Cooling Efficiency Considerations:
Your JL Audio amplifier employs an advanced
type of heat management, called RealSink™.This
feature takes advantage of convection and radiation
effects to remove heat from the amplifier circuitry.
For optimum cooling performance, the vertical heat
sinks located at the back of the amplifier should be
exposed to as large a volume of air as possible.
Enclosing the amplifier in a small, poorly ventilated
chamber can lead to excessive heat build-up and
degraded performance. If an installation calls for an
enclosure around the amplifier, we recommend that
this enclosure be ventilated with the aid of a fan. In
normal applications, fan-cooling is not necessary, but
you still need to follow some basic guidelines:
SERIAL NUMBER
In the event that your amplifier requires service
or is ever stolen, you will need to have a record of
the product’s serial number. Please take the time to
enter that number in the space provided below.
The serial number can be found on the bottom
panel of the amplifier and on the amplifier packaging.
Chassis Ground
Connector
(pg. 5)
+12 V Power
Remote Turn-On
Connector
Connector
(pg. 5)
(pg. 6)
If mounting the amplifier under a seat, make sure
there is at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) of space above the
amplifier heat sink fins to permit proper cooling.
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Selects Front Filter
Cutoff Frequency
(pg. 8)
Selects Bandpass
or High-Pass
Mode for
Output Filter
(pg. 7)
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Left and Right
Input Jacks
(pg. 6)
3
PRODUCT DESCRIPTION
The JL Audio 500/5 is a five-channel system
amplifier utilizing patented Absolute Symmetry™
Class AB technology for its front and rear channels
and patented Class D technology for its subwoofer
channel. Front and subwoofer channels benefit from
JL Audio's exclusive R.I.P.S. power supply design
which optimizes the output of each section for any
impedance between 1.5 and 4 ohms per channel.
The staggered power distribution of the front
and rear channel pairs (100W x 2 for front and
25 x 2 for rear) allows for a wide variety of
application options.The 500/5 can be operated in
the following modes:
1) As a full-system amplifier in bi-amp mode with
its subwoofer channel driving subwoofers in lowpass mode (250W x 1), front channels driving front
component speakers (100W x 2) in high-pass
mode and rear channels driving rear component
speakers in high-pass mode (25W x 2).
2) As a full-system amplifier in a tri-amplified
system, delivering band-passed signals through its
front channels to mid-bass/mid-range speakers and
high-passed signals through its front channels to
tweeters.
The 500/5's flexible input and crossover sections
permit operation with a wide variety of source units
and system configurations.The 500/5 can operate
with a single pair of stereo inputs or with separate
inputs for front and rear channel pairs, if the source
unit is equipped with front and rear outputs.The
subwoofer channel can be driven with a discrete
signal from a source unit’s subwoofer output or can
receive its signal from the front and/or rear channel
inputs.
The 500/5's preamp output can send passthrough signals from the front inputs only, the
subwoofer inputs only OR a sum of the front and
rear input signals.This allows the connection of
additional subwoofer amplifier(s) or full-range
amplifiers.
4
TYPICAL INSTALLATION SEQUENCE
The following represents the sequence for a
typical amplifier installation, using an aftermarket
source unit. Additional steps and different
procedures may be required in some applications.
If you have any questions, please contact your
authorized JL Audio dealer for assistance.
1) Disconnect the negative battery post
connection and secure the disconnected cable to
prevent accidental re-connection during installation.
This step is not optional!
2) Run power wire (minimum 4 AWG) from
the battery location to the amplifier mounting
location, taking care to route it in such a way that
it will not be damaged and will not interfere with
vehicle operation. Use 2 AWG or 1/0 AWG
power wire if additional amplifiers are being
installed with the 500/5.
3) Connect power wire to the positive battery
post. Fuse the wire with an appropriate fuse block
(and connectors) within 18 inches (45 cm) wire
length of the positive battery post. This fuse is
essential to protect the vehicle. Do not install the
fuse until the power wire has been connected to
the amplifier.
4) Run signal cables (RCA cables) and remote
turn-on wire from the source unit to the amplifier
mounting location.There are several ways to provide
input to the 500/5. Please read the rest of this manual
carefully to choose the best one for your system.
5) Run speaker wire from the speaker systems to
the amplifier mounting location.
6) Find a good, solid metal grounding point close
to the amplifier and connect the negative power wire
to it using appropriate hardware. Use 4 AWG power
wire, no longer than 36 inches (90 cm) from the
amplifier to the ground connection point. In some
vehicles, it may be necessary to upgrade the battery
ground wire. (See page 5 for important notice).
7) Securely mount the amplifier using the
supplied screws.
8) Connect the positive and negative power
wires to the amplifier. A fuse near the amplifier is
not necessary.
9) Connect the remote turn-on wire
to the amplifier.
10) Connect the RCA input cables
to the amplifier.
11) Connect the speaker wires to the amplifier.
JL AUDIO 500/5
12) Carefully review the amplifier’s control
settings to make sure that they are set according to
the needs of the system.
13) Install power wire fuse (50A for a
single 500/5) and reconnect the negative
battery post terminal.
14) Turn on the source unit at a low level
to double-check that the amplifier is configured
correctly. Resist the temptation to crank it up until
you have verified the control settings.
15) Make necessary adjustments to the input
sensitivity controls of the subwoofer channel and
front and rear channel pairs to obtain the right
overall output and the desired balance between
their outputs. See Appendix B (page 22) for the
recommended input sensitivity setting method.
16) Enjoy the fruits of your labor with your
favorite music.
POWER CONNECTIONS
Before installing the amplifier, disconnect the
negative (ground) wire from the vehicle's battery.
This will prevent accidental damage to the system,
the vehicle and your body during installation.
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
JL AUDIO 500/5
five-channel system amplifier
The 500/5's “+12 VDC” and “Ground”
connections are designed to accept 4 AWG power
wire. 4 AWG is the only recommended
power wire size for this amplifier.
If you are installing the 500/5 with other
amplifiers and wish to use a single main power wire,
use 2 AWG or 1/0 AWG main power wire
(depending on the overall current demands of all
the amplifiers in the system).This 2 AWG or 1/0
AWG power wire should terminate into a
distribution block mounted as close to the amplifiers
as possible and should connect to the 500/5 with
4 AWG power wire.
Please note that smaller AWG numbers mean
bigger wire and vice-versa (1/0 AWG is biggest, 2
AWG is smaller, then 4 AWG, then 8 AWG, etc.).
JL AUDIO 500/5
To connect the power wires to the amplifier, first
back out the set screw on the top of the amplifier,
using the supplied 2.5 mm hex wrench. Strip
1/2 inch (12 mm) of insulation from the end of
each wire and insert the bare wire into the
receptacle on the front panel of the amplifier, seating
it firmly so that no bare wire is exposed.While
holding the wire in place, tighten the set screw
firmly, taking care not to strip the head of the screw.
The ground connection should be made using
the same gauge wire as the power connection
(4 AWG) and should be kept as short as possible,
while accessing a solid piece of sheet metal in the
vehicle.The surface of the sheet metal should be
sanded at the contact point to create a clean, metalto-metal connection between the chassis and the
termination of the ground wire.The use of a star
washer to lock down the connection is advisable.
Any wires run through metal barriers (such as
firewalls), must be protected with a high quality
rubber grommet to prevent damage to the
insulation of the wire. Failure to do so may result in
a dangerous short circuit.
! I M P O RTA N T
Many vehicles employ small (10 AWG - 6 AWG)
wire to ground the battery to the vehicle chassis and
to connect the alternator's positive connection to the
battery.To prevent voltage drops, these wires should
be upgraded to 4 AWG when installing amplifier
systems with main fuse ratings above 60A.
FUSE REQUIREMENTS
It is absolutely vital that the main power wire(s)
to the amplifier(s) in the system be fused within
18 inches (45 cm) of the positive battery post
connection.The fuse value at each power wire
should be high enough for all of the equipment
being run from that power wire. If only the
500/5 is being run from that power wire, we
recommend a 50A fuse be used. AGU (big glass
fuse) or MaxiFuse™ (big plastic-body fuse) types
are recommended.
No fuse is required or recommended directly
before the amplifier power connection. If one is
desired, we recommend the use of a 50A AGU fuse
or MaxiFuse™ type.
5
TURN-ON LEAD
The 500/5 uses a conventional +12V remote
turn-on lead, typically controlled by the source unit's
remote turn-on output.The amplifier will turn on
when +12V is present at its “Remote” input and
turn off when +12V is switched off. If a source unit
does not have a dedicated remote turn-on output,
the amplifier’s turn-on lead can be connected to
+12V via a switch that derives power from an
ignition-switched circuit.
The 500/5's “Remote” turn-on connector is
designed to accept 18 AWG – 8 AWG wire. 12
AWG is more than adequate for this purpose.
To connect the remote turn-on wire to the
amplifier, first back out the set screw on the top of
the amplifier, using the supplied hex wrench. Strip
1/2 inch (12mm) of wire and insert the bare wire
into the receptacle on the front panel of the
amplifier, seating it firmly so that no bare wire is
exposed.When using smaller wire, it may be
necessary to strip 1 inch of insulation from the wire
and fold the bare wire in half prior to insertion.
While holding the wire in the terminal, tighten the
set screw firmly, taking care not to strip the head of
the screw and making sure that the wire is firmly
gripped by the set screw.
INPUT SECTIONS
Three left/right pairs of RCA type jacks are
provided for input (one pair for the subwoofer
channel, one pair for the rear channels and one pair
for the front channels).There are several ways that
the 500/5's inputs can be configured. Please read the
“System Configurations” section of this manual (page
14) carefully to determine the proper configuration
for your application.
Input Voltage Range:
A wide range of signal input voltages can be
accommodated by each of the 500/5's input stages
(200mV – 8V).This wide range is split up into two
sub-ranges, accessible via switches located in each
input section of the amplifier. Be aware that
each input section's “Input Voltage” switch
will have to be configured, regardless of
how many inputs are actually feeding the
amplifier.
The “Low” position on each “Input Voltage”
switch selects an input sensitivity range between
200mV and 2V.This means that the Input Sensitivity
6
rotary control will operate within that window. If
you are using an aftermarket source unit, with
conventional preamp-level outputs, this is most likely
the position that you will use.
The “High” position on each “Input Voltage”
switch selects an input sensitivity range between
800mV and 8V.This is useful for certain high-output
preamp level signals as well as speaker-level output
from source units and small amplifiers.To use
speaker-level sources, splice the speaker output
wires of the source unit or small amplifier onto a
pair of RCA plugs.
! I M P O RTA N T
The output of the amplifier will decrease for a
given input voltage when the “Input Range” switch
is placed in the “High” position. Conversely, the
output will be higher with the switch in the “Low”
position.While this may sound counter-intuitive, it is
consistent with the descriptions above.
Input Sensitivity Adjustment:
Located next to the “Input Voltage” switch in
each input section is a rotary control labeled “Input
Sens.” Once the appropriate “Input Voltage” range
has been selected, this control can be used to
match up the signal level of the system to produce
the desired level from the amplifier. Rotating the
control clockwise will result in higher sensitivity
(louder for a given input voltage). Rotating the
control counter-clockwise will result in lower
sensitivity (quieter for a given input voltage.) Be
aware that each of the three “Input Sens.”
adjustments will have to be made, regardless of
how many inputs are feeding the amplifier.These
controls will allow you to set the appropriate
relative levels for the subwoofer channels and the
front and rear channels.
any amplifier in the system beyond the maximum
level established during the procedure outlined in
Appendix B (page 22). Doing so will result in
audible distortion and possible speaker damage.
Be aware that all three “Input Sens.”
adjustments will have to be made, regardless of
how many input cables are feeding the amplifier.
These controls will allow you to set the
appropriate relative levels for the Front, Rear and
Subwoofer Channels.
Front Filter Section:
Subwoofer “Input From” Selection:
Located to the left of the “Input Voltage” switch
in the “Subwoofer Channel Control Section” is a
switch labeled “Input From”.This switch
determines whether the subwoofer channel will
receive its input from the “Independent Sub Input”
jacks (select “Ind.”) or from a sum of the Front and
Rear Channel Input signals (select “F+R”) or from
the Front Channel Inputs only (select “Front”).
Front and Rear Channel “Input Mode” Selection:
Located to the right of the rear channel input
jacks in the “Rear Input Section” is a switch
labeled “F/R Input Mode”.This switch determines
whether the front and rear channels will receive
their input independently (select “4ch”) or from
the “Rear Input Section” jacks only (select “2ch”).
! I M P O RTA N T
To properly set each set of amplifier channels
for maximum clean output, please refer to
Appendix B (page 22) in this manual. After using
this procedure, you can then adjust the relative
level of each channel pair by adjusting the input
sensitivity downward on either or both channel
pairs, if they require attenuation to achieve the
desired system balance.
Do not increase the “Input Sens.” setting for
JL AUDIO 500/5
CROSSOVER CONTROLS
Crossovers are groups of individual electronic filters
which allow only certain frequency ranges to pass
through them by attenuating frequencies outside
the selected range.These filters allow the user to
specify what frequency range will be sent out of
each channel section of the amplifier.This, in turn,
allows each speaker system to only reproduce a
range of frequencies it is well-suited for, resulting in
reduced distortion and improved fidelity.
JL AUDIO 500/5
5Wx2)
Front Filter Section
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Fro
Input
Low
Filter Mode
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Le
1) “Filter Mode” Control: Located in the “Front
Filter Section”, this switch allows you to configure
the Front Channel filter into one of three modes:
“Off” (Defeated): Defeats the filter for the Front
Channels completely, allowing the full range of
frequencies present at the inputs to feed that pair
of channels.This is useful for systems utilizing
outboard crossovers or requiring full-range
reproduction from these channels.
“BP” (Bandpass): Configures the Front Channel
Filter to attenuate frequencies above the selected
filter frequency and below the frequency selected in
the Rear Channel High-Pass Filter. This creates a
true bandpass filter well-suited for driving mid-bass
or mid-range speakers in a tri-amplified system (see
page 18 for details).
“HP” (High-Pass): Configures the Front Channel
Filter to attenuate frequencies below the selected filter
frequency. Useful for connection of component
speakers to the front channels in a bi-amplified system.
2) “Filter Slope” Control: This switch allows you
to select from two filter slopes.
“12dB”: Configures the Front Channel Filter to
attenuate frequencies below the selected filter
frequency at a rate of 12 dB per octave
(Butterworth alignment).
“24dB”: Configures the Front Channel Filter to
attenuate frequencies below the selected filter
frequency at a rate of 24 dB per octave (LinkwitzRiley alignment).
7
Depending on the speaker system and the
vehicle, different filter slopes may be required to
produce a smooth transition between the sound of
different speakers in the system. Experiment to find
the slope which best matches the acoustic
requirements of the system.The sharper “24dB”
setting will do a better job of protecting small
speakers with limited power handling.The shallower
“12dB” octave setting allows the front speakers to
reproduce more content below the cutoff frequency.
3) “Freq. Range” Control: When thrown to
the right, this switch multiplies the cutoff
frequency selected by the rotary “Filter Freq.
(Hz)” control by a factor of 10. In the “x1”
position, the range of the rotary control is
50 - 500 Hz (as marked). In the “x10”
position, the range of the rotary control is
500 Hz - 5 kHz (5000 Hz).
4) “Filter Freq. (Hz)” The filter frequency
markings surrounding this rotary control are for
reference purposes and are generally accurate to
within 1/3 octave or better. If you would like to
select the filter cutoff frequency with a higher level
of precision, consult the charts in Appendix A
(page 20) of this manual.
Rear Filter Section:
The rear channels of the 500/5 can be
operated through the amplifier's built-in rear highpass filter.This attenuates frequencies below the
one selected by the “Filter Freq.” control in the
Rear Filter Section.
50Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Volta
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/Hig
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
Filter Freq. (Hz)
“12dB”: Configures the filter for that pair of
channels to attenuate frequencies below the
selected filter frequency at a rate of 12dB per
octave (Butterworth alignment).
“24dB”: Configures the filter for that pair of
channels to attenuate frequencies below the
selected filter frequency at a rate of 24dB per
octave (Linkwitz-Riley alignment).
Depending on the speaker system and the
vehicle, different filter slopes may be required to
produce a smooth transition between the speakers
in the system. Experiment to find the slope which
best matches the acoustic requirements of your
system.The sharper “24dB” setting will do a better
job of protecting small speakers with limited power
handling.The shallower “12dB” octave setting
allows the rear speakers to reproduce more lowfrequency content.
If you are using the 500/5 in tri-amp mode,
these rear filter controls will determine the
tweeter crossover frequency and slope. We
recommend that you use the sharper “24dB”
position for most tweeters.
2) “Freq. Range” Control: When thrown to the
right, this switch multiplies the cutoff frequency
selected by the rotary “Filter Freq. (Hz)” control by
a factor of 10. In the “x1” position, the range of the
rotary control is 50 - 500 Hz (as marked). In the
“x10” position, the range of the rotary control is
500 Hz - 5 kHz (5000 Hz).
3) “Filter Freq. (Hz)” The filter frequency
markings surrounding this rotary control are for
reference purposes and are generally accurate to
within 1/3 octave or better. If you would like to
select the filter cutoff frequency with a higher level
of precision, consult “Chart A1” in Appendix A
(page 20) of this manual.
Left C
1) “High-Pass Filter” Control: This switch allows
you to defeat the Rear Channel Filter or select from
two different filter slopes.
“Off”: Defeats the filter completely, allowing the full
range of frequencies present at the inputs to feed
that pair of channels.This is useful for systems
utilizing outboard crossovers or requiring full-range
reproduction from these channels.
8
JL AUDIO 500/5
Subwoofer Channel Filter:
The 500/5's subwoofer channel filter (located in
the “Subwoofer Channel Control Section”
employs an advanced state-variable, low-pass active
filter. This feature is designed to attenuate
frequencies above its filter frequency, so that the
system's subwoofers do not reproduce any audible
midrange content.The low-pass filter in the 500/5 is
fully variable between 40 Hz and 200 Hz via the
“Filter Freq.” control knob and features the ability
to select between a moderate “12dB” per octave
or a steep “24dB” per octave slope.
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Sub LP Filter
Off/12dB/24dB
benefits from the 12 dB per octave slope which lets
more upper bass content pass through. A sub that
fires directly into the listening environment is more
likely to benefit from a 24 dB per octave slope.
The above hint is not a “set-in-stone” rule…You
should always listen to the system carefully to
determine the best choice as vehicle acoustics and
other factors play a big role in choosing the most
appropriate filter slope.
2) “Filter Freq. (Hz)” The filter frequency
markings surrounding this rotary control are for
reference purposes and are generally accurate to
within 1/3 octave or better. If you would like to
select the filter cutoff frequency with a higher level
of precision, consult “Chart A2” in Appendix A of
this manual (page 20).
+7
+3
+1
+10
+13
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Left
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
1) “Sub LP Filter”: This switch, located in the
Subwoofer Channel Control Section, configures the
low-pass filter for the subwoofer channel into one
of three modes.
“Off”: Defeats the filter for the subwoofer
channels completely, allowing the full range of
frequencies present at the input to feed the sub
channel.This is useful for systems utilizing outboard
crossovers. Keep in mind that defeating the “Sub LP
Filter” also defeats the “LF Boost” and “Infrasonic
Filter”.With the “Sub LP Filter” defeated (“Off”), the
subwoofer channel's upper frequency response limit
is 500 Hz, due to its bass-specific Class D design.
“12dB”: Configures the filter for the subwoofer
channel to attenuate frequencies above the selected
filter frequency at a rate of 12 dB per octave
(Butterworth alignment).
“24dB”: Configures the filter for the subwoofer
channel to attenuate frequencies above the selected
filter frequency at a rate of 24 dB per octave
(Linkwitz-Riley alignment).
Depending on the subwoofer system and the
vehicle, different slopes may be required to produce
a smooth transition to the midbass speakers in the
system. Experiment to find the slope which best
matches the acoustic requirements of your system.
Hint: A trunk mounted sub whose output has to
“fight” through a rear deck or a back seat often
JL AUDIO 500/5
PREAMP OUTPUT SECTION
The 500/5 incorporates a flexible preamp
output section, permitting additional amplifiers
to be added to the system.This pre-amp output
can be configured three different ways using
the switch labeled “Signal From” in the
“Preamp Output Section”.
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Infras
Of
Rem
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
1) “Sub LP”: The preamp output delivers the
same mono-summed signal that is feeding the
500/5's subwoofer channel when the “Sub LP”
mode is engaged, including all the low-pass filtering,
“LF Boost” and “Infrasonic Filter” processing that is
selected. This mode is useful for feeding an
additional (slave) subwoofer amplifier (the JL Audio
250/1 matches the 500/5’s subwoofer channel
perfectly). For more information on adding
additional subwoofer amplifiers in master / slave
mode, please refer to Appendix C on page 24.
2) “F+R Inputs” (Front + Rear): This is a passthrough mode for the preamp output, delivering a
sum of the signals being fed to the “Front Input
Section” and “Rear Input Section” of the amplifier
(If the input signal is full-range, the preamp output
9
will be full-range.) This signal is not affected by the
“LF Boost” or “Infrasonic Filter” processing
selected for the amplifier. When the 500/5 is being
used to drive front, rear and subwoofer speaker
systems, this preamp output mode will deliver a
summed front/rear signal to an additional
subwoofer amplifier, while permitting fading of the
front and rear speaker systems from the source
unit.
3) “Front”: This is a pass-through mode for the
preamp output, delivering the same signal that is
being fed to the “Front Input Section” of the
amplifier (If the input signal is full-range, the preamp
output will be full-range.) This signal is not affected
by the “LF Boost” or “Infrasonic Filter” processing
selected for the amplifier.
!! CAUTION
If the “Output Mode” switch is in the “Sub LP”
position and the “Sub LP Filter” switch is in the
“Off” position, the preamp output will be a
12dB/octave low-pass with the “Bass Control”
processing added to it. THIS IS NOT A
PREFERRED OPERATING MODE. DO NOT
USE THIS MODE FOR MASTER / SLAVE
CONFIGURATIONS.
Note:The signal level of the “Preamp Output” is
affected by the setting of the “Input Voltage”
switches (of the input section(s) chosen by the
“Signal From” switch). See the “Input Voltage
Range” section (page 6) for details on input voltage
settings.The preamp output level is not affected by
the “Input Sens.” rotary controls.
BASS PROCESSING
The 500/5's subwoofer channel control section
also includes some basic bass processing tools.
These consist of two primary components: a
fixed-frequency, 24 dB / octave infrasonic filter and
a fixed-frequency / “Q”, single-band equalizer
centered at 48 Hz.
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Sub LP Filter
Off/12dB/24dB
+7
+3
+1
+10
+13
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Left
! I M P O RTA N T
the “12dB” or “24dB” position.These features will
not work with the “Sub LP Filter” switch in the
“Off” position.This is to prevent cascading the
processing of multiple amplifiers when configured in
a master / slave arrangement. If you are using an
external active crossover and would like to use the
“LF Boost” and “Infrasonic Filter” features, set the
“Amp LP Filter” switch on “12dB” and rotate the
frequency selection knob fully clockwise to the “200
Hz” position.This will activate the bass processing
features without significantly affecting the crossover
point selected by the external active crossover.
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
1) “Infrasonic Filter”: The infrasonic filter is a
24 dB / octave high-pass filter, with a fixed cutoff
frequency of 30 Hz.This filter is designed to
conserve amplifier power and protect subwoofer
systems without audibly degrading the sub-bass
output.With ported enclosures, the use of the
infrasonic filter is highly recommended to protect
the speaker(s) from excessive excursion below box
tuning.With sealed enclosures, the use of the filter is
less necessary, but can still help protect the speaker
system.The infrasonic filter can be completely
defeated by selecting the “Off” position on the
“Infrasonic Filter” switch.This bypasses all signal
from flowing through the circuit.
2) LF (Low-frequency) Boost: This feature
allows the user to control the boost of a fixed “Q”,
fixed-frequency equalization band centered at 48
Hz.The “LF Boost” rotary control determines how
much boost (in dB) you are adding to the bass
signal. A range of 0-15 dB of boost is available. If no
boost is desired, rotate the “LF Boost” control fully
counterclockwise.
The “Remote Bass Port” allows the connection
of an optional remote boost knob (the RBC-1)
that can be mounted in the front of the vehicle.
This optional control takes the place of the “LF
Boost” knob on the amplifier when connected
and bypasses the “LF Boost” rotary control on
the amplifier.
SPEAKER OUTPUTS
The 500/5 employs JL Audio's exclusive
Regulated, Intelligent Power Supply (R.I.P.S.) design
on its front and subwoofer channels.The operation
of the R.I.P.S. system is independent for each pair of
channels.This sophisticated power supply allows the
amplifier to produce its optimum power (100 watts
x 2 for the front channels and 250 W x 1 for the
subwoofer channel over a wide range of speaker
impedances. Unlike conventional amplifiers that
require a specific impedance to produce optimum
power, the R.I.P.S.-equipped 500/5 gives you the
freedom to use a variety of speaker configurations
that achieve final nominal impedances between 1.5
– 4Ω per channel (without sacrificing power output
or sound quality). When bridged, the front channel
pair will optimize output between 3 – 8Ω.The rear
channel pair will optimize output between 6 - 8Ω.
The operation of the R.I.P.S. circuitry is entirely
automatic and adjusts itself every time the amplifier
is turned on according to the lowest impedance
present at the speaker load.There are no user
controls to configure.The system operates through
multiple stages of impedance optimization, choosing
the stage most appropriate to the actual impedance
of the speakers you connect to it.
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Filter
/24dB
10
JL AUDIO 500/5
! I M P O RTA N T
The rear channels of the 500/5 do not employ
R.I.P.S. optimization and are designed to deliver rated
power into loads between 3 and 4Ω per channel.
Operating the rear channels below 3Ω may result in
excessive distortion and/or shutting down of these
channels and is not recommended.
BRIDGING CONSIDERATIONS
Bridging is the practice of combining the output
of two amplifier channels to drive a single load.
When bridged, each channel produces signals of
equal magnitude, but opposite polarity.The
combined output of the two channels provides
twice the output voltage available from a single
channel.The 500/5 has been designed for bridging
of its front and rear channel pairs without the need
for input inversion adaptors.
! I M P O RTA N T
Operating bridged channel pairs into a load lower
than 3Ω is not recommended.
ction
Front Speaker Outputs
ut Sens.
Re
Freq.
x1/
ght Ch.
! I M P O RTA N T
The “LF Boost” and “Infrasonic Filter” features
will only operate when the subwoofer channel's
filter is activated with the “Sub LP Filter” switch in
If you connect a load higher than 4Ω nominal
per channel (or 8Ω in bridged mode for the front
and rear channels), power will drop by half with
every doubling of impedance above 4Ω stereo /
8Ω mono. If you connect a load lower than 1.5Ω
nominal per channel, the amplifier protection
circuitry activates a “safe” mode which reduces
amplifier power to protect the circuitry from
failure (the yellow “Low Ω” LED lights to indicate
that this has happened). See page 12 for details.
Speaker loads below 1.5Ω nominal per channel
are not recommended and may cause the amplifier
output to distort excessively.
q. (Hz)
JL AUDIO 500/5
Filter F
To bridge a pair of channels, use the “Left +” and
“Right –” speaker connectors only (the “Left –”
and “Right +” remain unused).Then connect a
mono signal to both left and right RCA inputs for
11
that channel pair.This requires an RCA “Y-adaptor”
(not included.) Connection of only one RCA input
will result in reduced power output, increased
distortion and can cause the amplifier to overheat.
Do not do this! Instead, use a “Y-adaptor” to split
the mono signal into both left and right RCA inputs.
Why a mono signal? If you are bridging a pair of
channels and use a stereo input, the only
information that will reach the amplifier stage is the
common-phase portion of the signal.This may be
useful for passively deriving a center-channel signal,
but is not going to give you a defined left or right
channel. If you are looking to reproduce a single
channel’s signal, you must split the mono signal with
a “Y-adaptor” and connect it to both left and right
RCA inputs for the bridged channel pair.
STATUS INDICATOR LIGHTS /
PROTECTION CIRCUITRY
There are three status indicator lights on the top
of the amplifier. These are as follows:
1) “Power” (Green): lights to indicate that the
amplifier is turned on and operating normally.
2) “Thermal” (Red): lights to indicate that the
amplifier has exceeded its safe operating
temperature, putting the amplifier into a selfprotection mode, which reduces the power output
of the amplifier. The red light will shut off and the
amplifier will return to normal, full-power operating
mode if the heat sink temperature drops back to a
safe level.
3) “Low Ω” (Amber): lights to indicate that the
impedance of the speaker load connected to the
amplifier is lower than the optimum load impedance
range for the amplifier.When this light is on, a
protection circuit engages and reduces the power
output of the front or subwoofer channel,
depending on which channel is experiencing the
problem.The amber indicator will also light when a
short-circuit is detected in the speaker wiring (this
can be a short between the positive and negative
speaker wires or between either speaker wire and
the vehicle chassis).This can be used to diagnose a
short-circuit by only connecting one of the amplifier
sections at a time (front, rear and subwoofer).
The amber LED will light when you connect the
section that is experiencing the problem and turn
the volume up.
SERVICING YOUR JL AUDIO AMPLIFIER
If your amplifier fails or malfunctions, please
return it to your authorized JL Audio dealer so
that it may be sent in to JL Audio for service.
There are no user serviceable parts or fuses
inside the amplifier.The unique nature of the
circuitry in the JL Audio amplifiers requires
specifically trained service personnel. Do not
attempt to service the amplifier yourself or
through unauthorized repair facilities.This will not
only void the warranty, but may result in the
creation of more problems within the amplifier.
If you have any questions about the installation or
setup of the amplifier not covered in
this manual, please contact your dealer or the
JL AUDIO Technical Department for assistance:
(954) 443-1100
9:00 AM – 5:30 PM Eastern Time,
Monday – Friday
There is only one condition that will shut
down an undamaged 500/5 completely…
If battery voltage drops below 10 volts, the entire
amplifier will shut itself off.The green “Power”
indicator on the top of the amplifier will turn off
when this occurs.The amplifier will turn back on
when voltage climbs back above 10 volts.This may
happen in a rapid cycle when bass-heavy program
material causes a weak charging system to dip
below 10 volts momentarily. If this is happening in
your system, have your charging system inspected to
make sure it is working properly. A 0.5 or 1.0 Farad
rapid-discharge capacitor connected in parallel to
the amplifier power connections will minimize these
short duration voltage dips in most systems that are
having this problem.
For information on troubleshooting this
amplifier, refer to Appendix D (page 26).
12
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
13
SYSTEM CONFIGURATIONS
STEREO BI-AMP MODE:
This is the most common application for a
5-channel amplifier. In this mode, the front satellite
speakers, rear satellite speakers and subwoofer(s) are
independently powered and filtered. Front and rear
channels each have independent high-pass filters and
the subwoofer channel has an independent low-pass
filter. Left and right front satellite channels deliver
100W x 2 @ 1.5 - 4Ω per channel. Left and right
rear satellite channels deliver 25W x 2 @ 3 - 4Ω per
channel. One mono subwoofer channel delivers
250W x 1 @ 1.5 - 4Ω.
Input Connection Options for the Stereo Bi-Amp
mode are as follows:
A) Single pair of inputs connected to the rear
inputs of the 500/5. In this mode, the user has no
fading capability between the front and rear channels
and no separate adjustability of subwoofer level from
the front of the vehicle. See diagram A below.
B) Two pairs of inputs connected to the front and
rear inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit or processor
with front and rear pairs of outputs is required). In
this mode, the user has front-to-rear fading
capability with non-fading sub-bass level.This means
that the relative level of the front and rear satellites
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Select “F+R”
Input Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
can be controlled with the source unit fader,
without affecting the level of the subwoofer channel.
See diagram B below.
Note: This configuration can also be set up so
that the subwoofer level tracks with the front
channel level.To configure the system in this
manner, go to the “Subwoofer Channel Control
Section” / “Input From” selector switch and
select “Front” instead of “F+R”.
C) Two pairs of inputs connected to the rear
and subwoofer inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit
or processor with front and rear outputs is
required). In this mode, the source unit or
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Select low-pass
filter freq. for
sub channel
(40-200 Hz)
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Front Filter Section
Front Input Section
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Amp Output to
Front Satellite
Speakers
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
Off/BP/HP
Front
and
Rear
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Left Ch.
Select “HP”
(High-Pass)
Mode
Select high-pass
filter freq. for
rear channels
(50-500 Hz)
Select “2ch”
Input Mode
Input from
source unit or
processor
Select high-pass
filter freq. for rear
channels (50-500 Hz)
Adjusts level of
front channels.
L-R Ambience
2ch/4ch
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Amp Output to
Rear Satellite
Speakers
F/R Input Mode
Right
Left
Not Used
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Select Ambience
Mode (Off or On)
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
+7
+3
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for front
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
rear channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x1”
range for rear
filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
processor fader adjusts the relative level of the
subwoofer channel vs. all four satellite channels as
a whole.The relative level of the front and rear
channels is pre-set with the amplifier input
sensitivity controls and cannot be adjusted from
the source unit. See diagram C on page 16.
D) Three pairs of inputs connected to the rear,
front and subwoofer inputs of the 500/5.This mode
is applicable for use in systems with a source unit or
processor that provides discrete front, rear and
subwoofer outputs. In this mode, the subwoofer
level and front to rear fading can be controlled from
the front of the vehicle. See diagram D on page 16.
Right Ch.
Not Used
A) Single pair of inputs connected to the rear inputs of the 500/5. In this mode, the user has no fading capability between the front
and rear channels and no adjustability of subwoofer level from the front of the vehicle.
Select “F+R” or
“Front” Input
Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Left
Not Used
Select low-pass
filter freq. for
sub channel
(40-200 Hz)
JL AUDIO 500/5
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Select high-pass
filter freq. for rear
channels (50-500 Hz)
Amp Output to
Rear Satellite
Speakers
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Right Ch.
Input from rear
outputs of source
unit or processor
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Front Filter Section
Front Input Section
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front
and
Rear
Select “4ch”
Input Mode
Amp Output to
Front Satellite
Speakers
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
2ch/4ch
Left Ch.
Adjusts level of
front channels.
L-R Ambience
F/R Input Mode
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
B) Two pairs of inputs connected to the front and rear inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit or processor with front and rear pairs of outputs
is required). In this mode, the user has front-to-rear fading capability with non-fading sub-bass level.This means that the relative level
of the front and rear satellites can be controlled with the source unit fader, without affecting the level of the subwoofer channel.
14
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Select Ambience
Mode (Off or On)
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
+7
+3
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x1”
range for rear
filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for front
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
rear channels.
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Select high-pass
filter freq. for
rear channels
(50-500 Hz)
Select “HP”
(High-Pass)
Mode
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Input from front
outputs of source
unit or processor
Note:This configuration can also be set up so that the subwoofer level tracks with the front channel level and only the rear channels are faded. To configure
the system in this manner, go to the Subwoofer Channel Control Section “Input From” selector switch and select “Front” instead of “F+R”.
JL AUDIO 500/5
15
! I M P O RTA N T
Some source units and processors with
subwoofer preamp outputs provide low-pass
filtering on these outputs, while others have a fullrange output. Consult your source unit or processor
owner's manual to determine the properties of the
subwoofer preamp output.
• If your sub preamp output is full-range, engage
the 500/5's sub low-pass filter by selecting the
“12dB” or “24dB” position on the “Sub LP
Filter” switch.This configuration is illustrated in
the setup diagram.
• If your sub preamp output has a choice between
full-range and low-pass modes, select the fullrange mode and use the 500/5's (likely more
sophisticated) sub low-pass filter by selecting the
“12dB” or “24dB” position on the “Sub LP
Filter” switch. This configuration is illustrated in
the setup diagram.
• If the source unit/processor sub preamp output
has a low-pass filter which is not defeatable, you
can turn the 500/5's low-pass filter off by going
to the “Subwoofer Channel Control Section” /
“Sub LP Filter” switch and selecting the “Off”
Select “Ind.”
(Independent)
Input Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
position. Depending on the crossover point and
slope of the source unit/processor's filter, you
may wish to engage the 500/5's sub low-pass
filter to fine-tune the sub-bass response.
• If you are using a high-quality outboard active
crossover, you can defeat all of the 500/5's filters
by selecting the “Off” position on the “Sub LP
Filter” switch in the “Subwoofer Channel
Control Section”, the “High-Pass Filter” switch
in the Rear Filter Section and the “Filter Mode”
switch in the Front Filter Section.
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Select “Ind.”
(Independent)
Input Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Low/High
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Left
Input from sub Select low-pass
outputs of source filter freq. for
sub channel
unit or processor
(40-200 Hz)
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Select high-pass
filter freq. for rear
channels (50-500 Hz)
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Right Ch.
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Input from rear
outputs of source
unit or processor
Left Ch.
Select “HP”
(High-Pass)
Mode
Select high-pass
filter freq. for
rear channels
(50-500 Hz)
Amp Output to
Rear Satellite
Speakers
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Right Ch.
Not Used
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for front
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
front channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Front Filter Section
Front Input Section
L-R Ambience
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front
and
Rear
Select “4ch”
Input Mode
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Off/BP/HP
Front
and
Rear
Amp Output to
Front Satellite
Speakers
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
2ch/4ch
Left Ch.
Amp Output to
Front Satellite
Speakers
Filter Mode
F/R Input Mode
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Input Voltage
Select Ambience
Mode (Off or On)
Input Sens.
Front Input Section
Filter Slope
Select “2ch”
Input Mode
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+13
Front Filter Section
Freq. Range
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
+10
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Adjusts level of
front channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
L-R Ambience
Adjusts level of
rear channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x1”
range for rear
filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Input from front
outputs of source
unit or processor
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
+7
+3
Left Ch.
Select high-pass
filter freq. for rear
channels (50-500 Hz)
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
2ch/4ch
Filter Freq. (Hz)
C) Two pairs of inputs connected to the rear and subwoofer inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit or processor with front and rear
outputs is required). In this mode, the source unit or processor fader adjusts the relative level of the subwoofer channel vs. all four
satellite channels as a whole.The relative level of the front and rear channels is pre-set with the amplifier input sensitivity controls
and cannot be adjusted from the source unit.
Amp Output to
Rear Satellite
Speakers
F/R Input Mode
Right
Left
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Input from rear Select low-pass
outputs of source filter freq. for
sub channel
unit or processor
(40-200 Hz)
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Select Ambience
Mode (Off or On)
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
+7
+3
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for front
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
rear channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x1”
range for rear
filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
L-R Ambience Control:
This switch, located in the “Rear Filter Section”,
performs a very useful function when operating the
amplifier in bi-amp mode. By switching this circuit to
the “On” position, all signal common to both left
and right channels is removed from the signal
feeding the rear channels of the 500/5.When the
circuit is “On”, the rear channels will only reproduce
the extreme left and right information in the
recording, creating a realistic ambient effect from the
rear channels without detracting from the imaging
of the front speaker system. Experiment with this
switch to determine if this feature enhances the
sound of your system.
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Select high-pass
filter freq. for
rear channels
(50-500 Hz)
Select “HP”
(High-Pass)
Mode
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Input from front
outputs of source
unit or processor
D) Three pairs of inputs connected to the rear, front and subwoofer inputs of the 500/5.This mode is applicable for use in systems
with a source unit or processor that provides discrete front, rear and subwoofer outputs. In this mode, the subwoofer level and
front to rear fading can be controlled from the front of the vehicle.
16
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
17
STEREO TRI-AMP MODE:
In this mode, the bandpass feature on the front
channels is activated, configuring the 500/5's
crossover sections to true three-way operation.
This allows the independent powering of tweeters,
midwoofers and subwoofer(s) in the system and
gives extensive control over level matching and
crossover parameters. Left and right tweeter
channels (25W x 2 @ 3 - 4Ω per channel), highpass filtered. Left and right midwoofer channels
(100W x 2 @ 1.5 - 4Ω per channel), bandpass
filtered. One mono subwoofer channel (250W x 1
@ 1.5 - 4Ω), low-pass filtered.
Input connection options for the Tri-amp Stereo
mode are as follows:
A) Single pair of inputs connected to the rear
inputs of the 500/5. In this mode, the user has no
adjustability of subwoofer level from the front of the
vehicle. See diagram A below.
B) Two pairs of inputs connected to the rear and
subwoofer inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit or
processor with front and rear pairs of outputs is
required). In this mode, the user has the ability to
fade or control the level of the subwoofer channel
relative to the mid and high-frequency channels. See
diagram B below.
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Input Voltage
Input From:
Ind./F+R/Front
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Select “F+R”
Input Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
L-R Ambience Control:
This switch, located in the “Rear Filter Section”,
should be set to the “Off” position when operating
the amplifier in Tri-Amp Mode.
Input Sens.
Low/High
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
JL AUDIO 500/5
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Left Ch.
Select high-pass filter freq. for rear
channels (500-5000 Hz). In this
mode, this setting also determines
the low-pass cutoff frequency for
the front (midwoofer) channels
Right Ch.
Input from
source unit
or processor
Adjusts level of
sub channel
Select “Ind.”
Input Mode
For preamp output
to slave subwoofer
amplifier(s) select
“Sub LP”
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
For full-range
preamp output
select “F+R”
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for sub
channel (low-pass)
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
30 Hz Infrasonic
Filter for sub
channel
(On or Off)
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Input Voltage
Input From:
Ind./F+R/Front
Input Sens.
Low/High
Amp Output to
Subwoofers
Front Filter Section
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Freq. Range
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+7
+3
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
+13
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
To input of
additional
amplifier (if used)
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Input Sens.
Left
Input from source Select low-pass
unit rear outputs filter freq. for
sub channel
or subwoofer
(40-200 Hz)
outputs
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Amp Output to
Tweeters
Select “x1” range
for front filter freq.
(50-500 Hz)
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Front Filter Section
Right Ch.
Select high-pass filter freq. for rear Input from
channels (500-5000 Hz). In this
source unit
mode, this setting also determines or processor
the low-pass cutoff frequency for
the front (midwoofer) channels
Adjusts level of
front (midwoofer)
channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Front Input Section
L-R Ambience
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front
and
Rear
Select “2ch”
Input Mode
Right Ch.
Not Used
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for
midwoofer
channel high-pass
cutoff (high-pass)
Amp Output to
Midwoofers
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
2ch/4ch
Left Ch.
Left Ch.
Select “BP”
(Bandpass)
Mode
Select high-pass
cutoff freq. for
the rear
channel bandpass
filter (50-500 Hz)
F/R Input Mode
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Select “2ch”
Input Mode
Select “Off”
Position Only
Amp Output to
Midwoofers
Filter Mode
Front
and
Rear
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
Front Input Section
Filter Slope
Adjusts level of rear
(tweeter) channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x10”
range for rear
filter freq.
(500-5000 Hz)
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Freq. Range
A) Single pair of inputs connected to the rear inputs of the 500/5. In this mode, the user has no adjustability of subwoofer level from
the front of the vehicle.
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for rear
channels
(high-pass)
Adjusts level of
front (midwoofer)
channels.
L-R Ambience
2ch/4ch
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Select low-pass
filter freq. for
sub channel
(40-200 Hz)
Amp Output
to Tweeters
F/R Input Mode
Right
Left
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Not Used
Control LF (bass)
boost level with
on-board knob
or optional
RBC-1 controller
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
Select “Off”
Position Only
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
+7
+3
+1
Adjusts level of rear
(tweeter) channels.
Select “Low” for
preamp level inputs
or “High” for
speaker level inputs
Select “x10”
range for rear
filter freq.
(500-5000 Hz)
Select 12dB or
24dB/octave filter
slope for
midwoofer
channel high-pass
cutoff (high-pass)
Off/BP/HP
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Select high-pass
cutoff freq. for
the front channel
bandpass filter
(50-500 Hz)
Select “BP”
(Bandpass)
Mode
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Not Used
B) Two pairs of inputs connected to the rear and subwoofer inputs of the 500/5 (a source unit or processor with front and rear pairs
of outputs is required). In this mode, the user has the ability to fade or control the level of the subwoofer channel relative to the
mid and high-frequency channels.
18
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
19
APPENDIX A:
Precise Frequency Selection Chart
CHART A-1
CHART A-2
“FILTER FREQ” FRONT & REAR CH. FILTERS
“FILTER FREQ/” SUBWOFER CH. FILTER
Detent
Panel
Actual
Number
Marking
Freq.
Full counter-clockwise: 58
01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
02 . . . . . . . . .“50” . . . . . . . . .58
03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
04 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
07 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .61
08 . . . . . . . . .“60” . . . . . . . . .63
09 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .67
11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .69
12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .71
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
14 . . . . . . . . .“75” . . . . . . . . .77
15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .80
16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82
17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .85
18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .90
19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93
20 . . . . . . . . .“95” . . . . . . . . .97
21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .113
24 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .120
25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .127
26 . . . . . . . . .“130” . . . . . . . .135
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .153
29 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .171
30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .182
31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .201
32 . . . . . . . . .“200” . . . . . . . .223
33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .253
34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .289
35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .337
36 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .404
37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .474
38 . . . . . . . . .“500” . . . . . . . .514
39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .525
Full-clockwise: 542
Detent
Panel
Actual
Number
Marking
Freq.
Full counter-clockwise: 42
01 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
02 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
03 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .42
04 . . . . . . . . .“40” . . . . . . . . .42
05 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
06 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
07 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46
08 . . . . . . . . .“45” . . . . . . . . .47
09 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .52
12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .53
13 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .55
14 . . . . . . . . .“55” . . . . . . . . .57
15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .58
16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63
18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
19 . . . . . . . . .“65” . . . . . . . . .67
20 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .70
21 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .76
23 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .79
24 . . . . . . . . .“80” . . . . . . . . .83
25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .87
26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .92
27 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
28 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .102
29 . . . . . . . . .“100” . . . . . . . .108
30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .114
31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .122
32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .143
34 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
35 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .184
36 . . . . . . . . .“200” . . . . . . . .193
37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
39 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .198
Full-clockwise : 198
20
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
21
APPENDIX B:
Input Sensitivity Level Setting
JL Audio amplifiers utilizing the Regulated
Intelligent Power Supply (R.I.P.S.) allow delivery of
their rated power when connected to any load
impedance from 1.5 - 4Ω per channel (3 - 8Ω
bridged) and when connected to a charging system
with any voltage from 11 - 14.5V. This design is
beneficial for many reasons. One of these reasons is
ease of setup. Because each JL Audio amplifier will
always deliver the same amount of power within its
operational range of impedances and supply
voltages, the maximum, unclipped output is very
predictable.This makes setting the gain structure via
the input sensitivity controls very simple. Following
the directions below will allow the user to adjust
the input sensitivity of the amplifier(s) simply and
easily in just a few minutes using equipment which is
commonly available in installation bays.
Necessary Equipment
• Digital AC Voltmeter
• CD with a sine-wave test tone recorded at 0 dB
reference level in the frequency range to be
amplified for that set of channels (50 Hz for
subwoofer channels, 1 kHz for a midrange
application). Do not use attenuated test tones
(-10 dB, -20 dB, etc.).
Nom. Imp.
FRONT CH.
Stereo
Bridged
The Nine-Step Procedure
(follow this procedure for each set of channels)
1) Disconnect the speaker(s) from the
amplifier’s “Front”, “Rear” and “Subwoofer
Output” connectors.
2) Turn “Off ” all processing on the source unit
and amplifier (bass/treble, loudness, EQ, etc.).
3) In all three input sections, switch the “Input
Voltage” to “Low” and turn the “Input Sens.”
control all the way down (counterclockwise).
4) Set the source unit volume to 3/4 of full
volume. If either set of channels is being driven by a
source unit’s dedicated subwoofer output, also
adjust the source unit’s subwoofer level control to
3/4 of maximum output.This will allow for
reasonable gain overlap with moderate clipping at
full volume.
5) Using the chart below, determine the target
voltage for input sensitivity adjustment according to
the nominal impedance of the speaker system
connected to each set of outputs.
6) Verify that you have disconnected the
speakers before proceeding. Play a track with an
appropriate sine wave (within the frequency range
to be amplified by the set of channels being
adjusted) at 3/4 source unit volume.
Stereo
REAR CH.
Bridged
SUB CH.
Mono
8Ω
20.0 V
40.0 V
10.0 V
20.0 V
31.6 V
6Ω
20.0 V
34.6 V
10.0 V
17.4 V
31.6 V
4Ω
20.0 V
28.4 V
10.0 V
not recommended
31.6 V
3Ω
17.3 V
24.6 V
8.7 V
not recommended
27.4 V
2Ω
14.2 V
not recommended not recommended not recommended
22.4 V
1.5Ω
12.3 V
not recommended not recommended not recommended
19.4 V
22
JL AUDIO 500/5
7) Connect the AC voltmeter to the “Speaker
Outputs” or “Subwoofer Output” connectors of
the channel set that you are adjusting. For the
stereo channels, it is only necessary to measure one
channel. If bridged, make sure you test the voltage at
the correct connectors (L+ and R–).
8) Increase the “Input Sens.” control until the
target voltage is delivered for that set of channels.
If excessive voltage is read on either set of channels
with the control at minimum (full counterclockwise),
switch the appropriate “Input Voltage” switch to
“High” and re-adjust.
9) Once you have adjusted each set of
channels to its maximum unclipped output level,
reconnect the speaker(s).The “Input Sens.”
controls can now be adjusted downward if any
channels require attenuation to achieve the
desired system balance.
! I M P O RTA N T
Do not increase any “Input Sens.” setting in
the system beyond the maximum level established
during this procedure. Doing so will result in
audible distortion and possible speaker damage.
It will be necessary to re-adjust the “Input
Sens.” for the affected channels if any equalizer
boost is activated after setting the “Input Sens.”
with this procedure.This applies to any EQ boost
circuit, including the amplifier’s “Bass EQ” and
source unit tone controls or EQ circuits. EQ cuts
will not require re-adjustment.
JL AUDIO 500/5
23
APPENDIX C:
Master/Slave Configurations
With the flexible on-board crossovers and
processing incorporated into the 500/5, it is
possible to connect additional JL Audio 250/1
amplifiers in a “Master/Slave” configuration, with
each amplifier driving its own speaker system but
controlled by the processing and filtering of the
500/5's subwoofer section.This is very useful if
additional subwoofer power is desired in a system.
To create a Master/Slave configuration,
configure the 500/5's subwoofer section as you
would normally do to drive one subwoofer
system, then do the following to connect
additional slave amplifiers:
1) In the Preamp Output Section of the 500/5
select the “Sub LP” position on the “Signal From”
switch. This will send a parallel, mono-summed
signal from the 500/5's “Sub LP Filter” section to
its preamp outputs.
2) Connect an RCA cable from the 500/5's
preamp outputs to the main input of the first
“Slave” 250/1 amplifier. Set the “Slave” amplifier’s
“Amp LP Filter” to the “Off” position.This will
defeat the LP filter and the bass processing of this
“Slave Amplifier”.
3) The input sensitivity of the two amplifiers
needs to be adjusted independently. Set the
subwoofer channel of the 500/5 and the slave
250/1 amplifier to the same target voltage using
the procedure outlined in Appendix B (page 22).
Do not increase the “Input Sens.” setting for
any amplifier channel in the system beyond the
maximum level established during the procedure
outlined in Appendix B (page 22). Doing so
will result in audible distortion and possible
speaker damage.
4) If you would like to run a third amplifier in
“Slave” configuration, select the “Full-Range”
position on the “Output Mode” switch of the first
“Slave” amp.Then, connect an RCA cable from
the first “Slave” amplifier’s preamp outputs to the
second “Slave” amplifier. As you did with the first
“Slave” amp, set the second “Slave” amplifier’s
“Amp LP Filter” to the “Off” position.Then,
calibrate the third amplifier’s “Input Range” and
“Input Sens.” controls in the same manner as you
did for the second amplifier.
Additional amplifiers may be added to this
“Master/Slave” configuration following the same
procedure as in step 4.
Once you match the input sensitivities of all
the amplifiers, you can use the “Master” amplifier’s
“Sub LP Filter”, “Infrasonic Filter” and “LF Boost”
features to control the “Slave” amplifier(s).
The diagram below shows a Master/Slave
configuration with one “Master” 500/5 (top
amplifier) and two “Slave” 250/1 amplifiers.
Switches and controls that are defeated in the
“Slave” amplifiers are printed in gray.
NOTE: These settings are intended
as a “baseline” for tuning this system. Depending
on the vehicle, personal taste and the audio
components specific to your system, some
variation in the Subwoofer Channel Control
Section, Filter Sections and Input Sections may be
necessary for optimum performance.
The Master amplifier’s bass processing features are
MASTER: active and affect all three amplifiers equally.
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rea
ar Filter Section
Freq. Range
R
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/xx10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+7
+3
+13
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
+10
Filter Fre
eq. (Hz)
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Right Ch.
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Filter Mode
Off/BP/HP
Front
and
Rear
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Connect 500/5 Input to Output from Source Unit
SLAVE (B):
SLAVE (A):
Ground
Front Input Section
Freq. Range
2ch/4ch
Left Ch.
Connect 500/5 Preamp Output to 250/1 (Slave A) Input
+12VDC
Front Filter Section
L-R Ambience
F/R Input Mode
Right
Left
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Rear Input Section
Sub LP Filter
Remote
Preamp Output Section
Output Mode
Bass Control Amp LP Filter
Mode/Slope
Input Voltage
Off/30Hz
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
Full-Range/Low-Pass/High-Pass
+7
+3
+1
JL AUDIO 250/1
Amplifier Input Section
Infrasonic Filter
Input Sens.
Subwoofer Output
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Remote
Preamp Output Section
Off/On
Full-Range/Low-Pass/High-Pass
Bass Control Amp LP Filter
55
Mode/Slope
Input Voltage
Off/30Hz
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
+7
+3
85
+15
LF Boost (dB)
40
120
200
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
+1
JL AUDIO 250/1
Amplifier Input Section
Infrasonic Filter
65
+10
+13 45
0
Ground
Output Mode
MONO OUTPUT ONLY
monoblock subwoofer amplifier
+12VDC
Signal Sensing
Input Sens.
Subwoofer Output
Signal Sensing
Off/On
65
+10
55
+13 45
85
120
MONO OUTPUT ONLY
monoblock subwoofer amplifier
0
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
+15
LF Boost (dB)
40
200
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Connect 250/1 (Slave A) Preamp Output to 250/1 (Slave B) Input
The last Slave amplifier’s bass processing features are inactive.The
“Amp LP Filter” and “Preamp Output” are also inactive.
This Slave amplifier’s bass processing features are inactive,
but the Full-Range (pass-through) feature of its “Preamp
Output” feeds the input of the next Slave amplifier.
24
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
25
APPENDIX D: TROUBLE SHOOTING
“MY AMPLIFIER DOESN’T TURN ON”
Check to make sure there is +12V at the “Remote” connection of
the amplifier. In some cases, the turn-on lead from the source
unit is insufficient to turn on multiple devices and the use of a
relay is required. To test for this problem, jump the “+12V”
wire to the “Remote” terminal to see if the amplifier turns on.
If this does not work, proceed to the next step.
Check the fuse, not just visually, but with a continuity meter. It is
possible for a fuse to have poor internal connections that
cannot be found by visual inspection. It is best to take the
fuse out of the holder for testing. If no problem is found
with the fuse, inspect the fuse-holder.
“I GET A DISTORTED / ATTENUATED SOUND COMING OUT OF THE SPEAKER(S)”
Check the speaker wires for a possible short, either between the
positive and negative or between a speaker lead and the
vehicle’s chassis ground. If a short is present you will
experience distorted and/or attenuated output.The
“Low Ω” light may also illuminate in this situation. It may be
helpful to disconnect the speaker wires from the amplifier
and use a different set of wires connected to a test speaker.
Check the nominal load impedance to verify that the front and
subwoofer channels of the amplifier are driving loads
between 1.5 - 4Ω per channel and that the rear channels
are driving loads between 3 - 4Ω per channel.
Check the input signal and input signal cables to make sure signal is
present at all active inputs and the cables are not pinched or
loose. It may be helpful to try a different set of cables and/or a
different signal source to be sure.
“MY AMPLIFIER SHUTS OFF ONCE IN A WHILE, USUALLY AT HIGHER VOLUMES”
Check your voltage source and grounding point.The R.I.P.S. power
supply is rated to operate with source voltages between
11 - 14.5V. Shutdown problems at higher levels can occur
when the charging system voltage drops below 10 volts.These
dips can be of very short duration making them extremely
difficult to detect with a common DC voltmeter.To ensure
proper voltage, inspect all wiring and termination points. It is
also a good idea to improve the vehicle’s factory ground wire
and termination point. Grounding problems are the leading
cause of mis-diagnosed amplifier failures.
“MY AMPLIFIER TURNS ON, BUT THERE IS NO OUTPUT”
Check the input signal using an AC voltmeter to measure the
voltage from the source unit while an appropriate test tone
is played through the source unit (disconnect the RCA
cables from the amplifier prior to this test).The frequency
used should be in the range that is to amplified by the
channels being tested (example: 50 Hz for a sub bass
amplifier channel and 1 kHz for a full range amplifier
channel). A steady voltage should be present at the output
of the RCA cables. If you are receiving a sufficient voltage
(between 0.2 and 8.0-volts), check to ensure that the
speaker wires are making a good connection with the metal
inside the amplifier. The connectors are designed to accept
up to an 8 AWG wire. If you are using significantly smaller
wire (14 AWG or smaller), you may have difficulty making
an adequate connection. In this case, you may find it
necessary to “fold” the wire over once (or twice!) so as to
make a solid connection. Make sure to strip the wire to
allow for a sufficient connection with the input or output
of the amplifier.
Check the output of the amplifier. Using the procedure explained in
the previous check item (after plugging the RCA cables back
into the amplifier) test for output at the speaker outputs of the
amplifier. Unless you enjoy test tones at high levels, it is a good
idea to remove the speaker wires from the amplifier while
doing this. Turn the volume up approximately half way.
5 volts or more should be measured at the speaker outputs.
This output level can vary greatly between amplifiers but it
should not be in the millivolt range with the source unit at half
volume. If you are reading sufficient voltage, check your speaker
connections as explained above.
“MY AMPLIFIER’S OUTPUT FLUCTUATES WHEN I TAP ON IT OR HIT A BUMP”
Check the connections to the amplifier. Make sure that the insulation
for all wires has been stripped back far enough to allow a
good contact area inside the amplifier terminal.
Check the RCA connectors to ensure that both the center pin and
the outer shield are making good contact with the input jacks
on the amplifier.
“HOW DO I PROPERLY SET THE INPUT SENSITIVITY ON MY AMPLIFIER”
Please refer to Appendix B (page 22) to set the input sensitivity for
maximum, low-distortion output.
26
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
27
APPENDIX E:
500/5 Specifications
GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS:
Signal to Noise Ratio: >108.5 dB referred to rated power
Recommended Fuse Value: 50A
(A-weighted, 20 Hz - 20 kHz noise bandwidth)
Recommended Fuse Type: AGU or MaxiFuse™
Frequency Response: 5 Hz - 30 kHz (+0, -1 dB)
Damping Factor: >200 @ 4Ω per ch. / 50 Hz, >100 @ 2Ω
INPUT SECTIONS:
per ch. / 50 Hz
No. of Inputs: Three Stereo Pairs (Front, Rear, Subwoofer)
Slew Rate: ± 25V/µs
Input Type: Differential-balanced with RCA jack inputs
Rear Filter: State-variable, 12 dB/octave Butterworth or
Input Range: Switchable from 200mV - 2V RMS
24 dB / octave Linkwitz-Riley high-pass with continuously
to 800mV - 8V RMS
variable cutoff frequency from 50 - 500 Hz, switchable to a
range of 500 - 5000 Hz, via x10 switch. Also provides low-
FRONT CHANNELS:
pass cutoff for front filter when bandpass mode is used.
Amplifier Topology: Class AB with patented Absolute
Symmetry™ dual N-Channel MOSFET output design
SUBWOOFER CHANNEL:
Power Supply: Independent, pulse width modulation-
Amplifier Topology: H-Bridge, Class D Mono
regulated switching power supply with multistage
with impedance optimization and patented
impedance optimizing circuitry.
discrete drive circuitry
Rated Power (Stereo):
Power Supply: Independent, pulse width modulation-
100W RMS x 2 @ 1.5 - 4Ω (11V - 14.5V)
regulated switching power supply
Rated Power (Bridged):
Rated Power: 250W RMS x 1 @ 1.5 - 4Ω (11V - 14.5V)
200W RMS x 1 @ 3 - 8Ω (11V - 14.5V)
THD at Rated Power: <0.05% @ 4Ω (50 Hz)
THD at Rated Power: <0.03% @ 4Ω per channel
Signal to Noise Ratio: >95 dB referred to rated power (A-
(20 Hz-20 kHz)
weighted, 20 Hz - 20 kHz noise bandwidth)
Signal to Noise Ratio: >108.5 dB referred to rated power
Frequency Response: 5 Hz - 300 Hz (+0, -1 dB), 5 Hz -
(A-weighted, 20 Hz-20 kHz noise bandwidth)
500 Hz (+0, -3 dB)
Frequency Response: 5 Hz - 30 kHz (+0, -1dB)
Damping Factor: >500 @ 4Ω / 50 Hz, >250 @ 2Ω / 50 Hz
Damping Factor: >200 @ 4Ω per ch. / 50 Hz, >100 @ 2Ω
Subwoofer Channel Filter: State-variable, 12 dB/octave
per ch. / 50 Hz
Butterworth or 24 dB / octave Linkwitz-Riley low-pass with
Slew Rate: ± 25V/µs
continuously variable cutoff frequency from 40 - 200 Hz.
Front Filter: State-variable, 12 dB/octave Butterworth or 24
Defeatable.
dB/octave Linkwitz-Riley High-Pass with continuously
LF Boost: Single-band, fixed-frequency (48 Hz), fixed “Q”
variable cutoff frequency from 50 - 500 Hz, switchable to a
boost, variable from 0 to +15 dB. Defeatable. Port for
range of 500 - 5000 Hz, via x10 switch.
optional remote bass control to control variable boost from
Can also be cascaded from rear filter’s cutoff frequency to
front of vehicle.
operate as a bandpass filter for tri-amp configurations.
Infrasonic Filter: 24 dB/octave @ 30 Hz. Defeatable.
Defeatable.
PREAMP OUTPUT:
REAR CHANNELS:
Tracking type low-pass linked to subwoofer channel filter.
Amplifier Topology: Class AB with patented Absolute
Filtering is defeatable to pass a full-range signal from the
Symmetry™ dual N-Channel MOSFET output design
front channel inputs or a summed signal from the front and
Power Supply: Independent, pulse width modulation-
rear channel inputs.
regulated switching power supply.
Rated Power (Stereo):
DIMENSIONS (LxWxH):
25W RMS x 2 @ 3 - 4Ω (11V - 14.5V)
19.7" x 9.25" x 2.36" (500mm x 235mm x 60mm)
Rated Power (Bridged):
50W RMS x 1 @ 6 - 8Ω (11V - 14.5V)
Due to ongoing product development, all specifications are
THD at Rated Power: <0.03% @ 4Ω per channel
subject to change without notice.
(20 Hz - 20 kHz)
28
JL AUDIO 500/5
JL AUDIO 500/5
29
INSTALLATION NOTES:
Use this diagram to document your amplifier’s switch and control positions.
+12VDC
Ground
Remote
Subwoofer Channel Control Section
Preamp Output Section
Signal From
Infrasonic Filter
Input From:
Input Voltage
Sub LP/F+R Inputs/Front
Off/30Hz
Ind./F+R/Front
Low/High
Input Sens.
Subwoofer Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Sectio
Sub LP Filter
Freq. Range
High-Pass
Off/12dB/24dB
x1/x10
Off/12dB/
+7
+3
+13
+1
JL AUDIO 500/5
Also s
low-pa
cutoff
Front
Bandp
filter (w
select
+10
five-channel system amplifier
Left Ch.
Output (250Wx1)
Rear Filter Section
High-Pass Filter
Input Voltage
x1/x10
Off/12dB/24dB
Low/High
Input Sens.
Also sets
low-pass
cutoff for
Front Ch.
Bandpass
filter (when
selected)
Filter Freq. (Hz)
30
Rear Speaker Outputs (25Wx2)
Rear Input Section
Freq. Range
Left Ch.
Right Ch.
Right Ch.
Remote Bass
LF Boost (dB)
Port
Front Filter Section
Left
Front Input Section
L-R Ambience
Freq. Range
Filter Slope
Input Voltage
Off/On
x1/x10
12dB/24dB
Low/High
F/R Input Mode
Filter Mode
2ch/4ch
Off/BP/HP
Rear
Inputs
Only
Front
and
Rear
HP Filter Freq.(Hz)
JL AUDIO 500/5
Right
Independent Sub Input Filter Freq. (Hz)
Left Ch.
JL AUDIO 500/5
Filter Freq. (Hz)
Front Speaker Outputs
Input Sens.
Right Ch.
31
LIMITED WARRANTY - AMPLIFIERS (USA)
JL AUDIO warrants this product to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a period of ninety
(90) days from the original date of purchase. The warranty term is extended to two (2) years if installation is
performed or approved by an authorized JL AUDIO dealer (proof of installation or approval required on
purchase receipt).
This warranty is not transferrable and applies only to the original purchaser from an authorized JL AUDIO
dealer. Should service be necessary under this warranty for any reason due to manufacturing defect or
malfunction, JL AUDIO will (at its discretion), repair or replace the defective product with new or remanufactured
product at no charge. Damage caused by the following is not covered under warranty: accident, misuse, abuse,
product modification or neglect, failure to follow installation instructions, unauthorized repair attempts,
misrepresentations by the seller.This warranty does not cover incidental or consequential damages and does not
cover the cost of removing or reinstalling the unit(s). Cosmetic damage due to accident or normal wear and tear
is not covered under warranty.
Warranty is void if the product’s serial number has been removed or defaced.
Any applicable implied warranties are limited in duration to the period of the express warranty as provided
herein beginning with the date of the original purchase at retail, and no warranties, whether express or implied,
shall apply to this product thereafter. Some states do not allow limitations on implied warranties, therefore these
exclusions may not apply to you.This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights
which vary from state to state.
If you need service on your JL AUDIO product:
All warranty returns should be sent to JL AUDIO ’s Amplifier Service Facility freight-prepaid through an
authorized JL AUDIO dealer and must be accompanied by proof of purchase (a copy of the original sales receipt).
Direct returns from consumers or non-authorized dealers will be refused unless specifically authorized by
JL AUDIO with a valid return authorization number.
Warranty expiration on products returned without proof of purchase will be determined from the
manufacturing date code. Coverage may be invalidated as this date is previous to purchase date. Non-defective
items received will be returned freight-collect. Customer is responsible for shipping charges and insurance in
sending the product to JL AUDIO. Freight damage on returns is not covered under warranty.
For Service Information in the U.S.A. please call:
JL Audio customer service: (954) 443-1100
during normal business hours (9:00 AM – 5:30 PM Eastern Time)
JL Audio, Inc
10369 North Commerce Pkwy.
Miramar, FL 33025
(do not send product for repair to this address)
International Warranties:
Products purchased outside the United States of America are covered only
by that country’s distributor and not by JL Audio, Inc.
Absolute Symmetry™ Class AB Amplifier Circuit is covered by U.S. Patent #6,294,959 and is
pending in the countries listed below. Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, Indonesia,
Italy, Japan, Republic of Korea, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Russian Federation, Singapore, Sweden,
Switzerland, United Kingdom, and all other PCT countries.
JL5005MAN-CH-10-2002
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