No part of this publication may be reproduced without

No part of this publication may be reproduced without
03/05/23 13:40:47 31MCA630_001
This manual should be considered a permanent part of the motorcycle and
should remain with the motorcycle when it is resold.
This Owner’s Manual covers the GL1800A and GL1800 models. You may
find descriptions of equipment and features that are not on your particular model.
All illustrations are based on the GL1800A model.
This publication includes the latest production information available before
printing. Honda Motor Co., Ltd. reserves the right to make changes at any time
without notice and without incurring any obligation.
No part of this publication may be reproduced without written permission.
2003 Honda Motor Co., Ltd.
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2004
Honda GL1800/A
GOLDWING
OWNER’S MANUAL
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Introduction
Congratulations on choosing a GL1800 GOLDWING motorcycle.
When you own a Honda, you’re part of a worldwide family of satisfied
customers− people who appreciate Honda’s reputation for building quality into
every product.
Your GOLDWING has earned its reputation as the ultimate luxury touring
motorcycle. It comes loaded with power, unequaled cargo space, a sophisticated
audio system, adjustable windshield, suspension, and ventilation, and other
unique features to provide maximum convenience and comfort.
Before riding, take time to get acquainted with your motorcycle and how it
works. To protect your investment, we urge you to take responsibility for
keeping your motorcycle well maintained. Scheduled service is a must, of
course. But it’s just as important to observe the break-in guidelines, and perform
all pre-ride and other periodic checks detailed in this manual.
We also recommend that you read this owner’s manual before you ride. It’s full
of facts, instructions, safety information, and helpful tips. To make it easy to use,
the manual contains a detailed list of topics at the beginning of each section, and
both an in-depth table of contents and an index at the back of the book.
As you read this manual, you will find information that is preceded by a
symbol. This information is intended to help you avoid damage to your
Honda, other property, or the environment.
Introduction
03/05/23 13:41:05 31MCA630_004
Introduction
Read the Warranties Booklet (page 219 ) thoroughly so you understand the
coverages that protect your new Honda and are aware of your rights and
responsibilities.
If you have any questions, or if you ever need special service or repairs,
remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is dedicated
to your complete satisfaction.
Please report any change of address or ownership to your Honda dealer so we
will be able to contact you concerning important production information.
You may also want to visit our website at www.honda.com.
Happy riding!
California Proposition 65 Warning
WARNING: This product contains or emits chemicals known to the State of
California to cause cancer and birth defects or other reproductive harm.
Introduction
03/05/23 13:41:14 31MCA630_005
A Few Words About Safety
Your safety, and the safety of others, is very important. And operating this
motorcycle safely is an important responsibility.
To help you make informed decisions about safety, we have provided operating
procedures and other information on labels and in this manual. This information
alerts you to potential hazards that could hurt you or others.
Of course, it is not practical or possible to warn you about all hazards associated
with operating or maintaining a motorcycle. You must use your own good
judgment.
You will find important safety information in a variety of forms, including:
Safety Labels –– on the motorcycle.
Safety Messages –– preceded by a safety alert symbol
signal words: DANGER, WARNING, or CAUTION.
and one of three
These signal words mean:
You WILL be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT
if you don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be KILLED or SERIOUSLY HURT
if you don’t follow instructions.
You CAN be HURT if you don’t follow
instructions.
Safety Headings –– such as Important Safety Reminders or Important Safety
Precautions.
Safety Section –– such as Motorcycle Safety.
Instructions –– how to use this motorcycle correctly and safely.
This entire manual is filled with important safety information –– please read it
carefully.
Safety Messages
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Contents
These pages give an overview of the contents of your owner’s manual. The first
page of each section lists the topics covered in that section.
Motorcycle Safety .............................................................................................
Important safety information you should know, plus a look at the safetyrelated labels on your motorcycle.
1
Instruments & Controls ................................................................................... 11
The location and function of indicators and controls on your motorcycle and
operating instructions for various controls and features.
Before Riding .................................................................................................... 37
The importance of wearing a helmet and other protective gear, how to make
sure you and your motorcycle are ready to ride, and important information
about loading.
Basic Operation & Riding ............................................................................... 59
How to start and stop the engine, shift gears, and brake. Also, riding
precautions and important information about riding with a passenger or cargo.
Audio Systems ................................................................................................... 81
The location, function, and operation of the audio components on your
motorcycle.
Servicing Your Honda ..................................................................................... 101
Why your motorcycle needs regular maintenance, what you need to know
before servicing your Honda, an owner maintenance schedule, and
instructions for specific maintenance and adjustment items.
Contents
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Contents
Tips ..................................................................................................................... 167
How to store and transport your motorcycle and how to be an
environmentally-responsible rider.
Taking Care of the Unexpected ...................................................................... 173
What to do if you have a flat tire, your engine won’t start, etc.
Technical Information ..................................................................................... 197
ID numbers, technical specifications, and other technical facts.
Consumer Information .................................................................................... 215
Information on warranties, emission controls, how to get Honda service
manuals, and...
‘‘Reporting Safety Defects’’ ................................................................... 224
Table of Contents ............................................................................................. 226
Sequential listing of topics in this owner’s manual.
Index................................................................................................................... 234
Quick Reference
Handy facts about fuel, engine oil, tire sizes, and air pressures.
Contents
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Motorcycle Safety
This section presents some of the most important information and
recommendations to help you ride your motorcycle safely. Please take a few
moments to read these pages. This section also includes information about the
location of safety labels on your motorcycle.
Important Safety Information ................................................................................ 2
Accessories & Modifications ................................................................................. 4
Safety Labels .......................................................................................................... 6
Motorcycle Safety
1
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Important Safety Information
Your motorcycle can provide many years of service and pleasure−if you take
responsibility for your own safety and understand the challenges you can meet
while riding.
There is much that you can do to protect yourself when you ride. You’ll find
many helpful recommendations throughout this manual. The following are a
few that we consider most important.
Always Wear a Helmet
It’s a proven fact: helmets significantly reduce the number and severity of head
injuries. So always wear an approved motorcycle helmet and make sure your
passenger does the same. We also recommend that you wear eye protection,
sturdy boots, gloves, and other protective gear (page 38 ).
Take Time to Learn & Practice
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with
how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice in a safe area until you build
your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.
Because many accidents involve inexperienced or untrained riders, we urge all
riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety Foundation
(MSF). See page 40 .
Ride Defensively
The most frequent motorcycle collision happens when a car turns left in front of
a motorcycle. Another common situation is a car moving suddenly into your
lane.
Always pay attention to other vehicles around you, and do not assume that other
drivers see you. Be prepared to stop quickly or make an evasive maneuver. For
other riding tips, see the booklet, You and Your Motorcycle: Riding Tips and
Practice Guide, which came with your new motorcycle (USA only).
2
Motorcycle Safety
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Important Safety Information
Make Yourself Easy to See
Some drivers do not see motorcycles because they are not looking for them. To
make yourself more visible, wear bright reflective clothing, position yourself so
other drivers can see you, signal before turning or changing lanes, and use your
horn when it will help others notice you.
Ride within Your Limits
Pushing limits is another major cause of motorcycle accidents. Never ride
beyond your personal abilities or faster than conditions warrant. Remember that
alcohol, drugs, fatigue, and inattention can significantly reduce your ability to
make good judgments and ride safely.
Don’t Drink and Ride
Alcohol and riding don’t mix. Even one drink can reduce your ability to respond
to changing conditions, and your reaction time gets worse with every additional
drink. So don’t drink and ride, and don’t let your friends drink and ride either.
Keep Your Honda in Safe Condition
It’s important to keep your motorcycle properly maintained and in safe riding
condition. To help avoid problems, inspect your motorcycle before every ride
and perform all recommended maintenance. Never exceed load limits (page 44 ),
and do not modify your motorcycle (page 5 ) or install accessories that would
make your motorcycle unsafe (page 4 ).
Motorcycle Safety
3
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Accessories & Modifications
Modifying your motorcycle or using non-Honda accessories can make your
motorcycle unsafe. Before you consider making any modifications or adding an
accessory, be sure to read the following information.
Improper accessories or
modifications can cause a crash
in which you can be seriously
hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding
accessories and modifications.
Accessories
We strongly recommend that you use only genuine Honda accessories that have
been specifically designed and tested for your motorcycle. Because Honda
cannot test all other accessories, you must be personally responsible for proper
selection, installation, and use of non-Honda accessories.
Check with your Honda dealer for assistance and always follow these
guidelines:
Make sure the accessory does not obscure any lights, reduce ground clearance
and lean angle, limit suspension travel or steering travel, alter your riding
position, or interfere with operating any controls.
Do not add any electrical equipment that will exceed the motorcycle’s
electrical system capacity (page 203 ). A blown fuse can cause a loss of lights
or engine power (page 191 ).
Do not pull a trailer or sidecar with your motorcycle. This motorcycle was not
designed for these attachments, and their use can seriously impair your
motorcycle’s handling.
Carefully consider the weight of any accessories and any cargo stored in
those accessories to avoid exceeding the maximum weight limits.
For more information, see Load Limits, page 44 .
4
Motorcycle Safety
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Accessories & Modifications
Modifications
We strongly advise you not to remove any original equipment or modify your
motorcycle in any way that would change its design or operation. Such changes
could seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, stability, and braking,
making it unsafe to ride.
Removing or modifying your lights, exhaust system, emission control system, or
other equipment can also make your motorcycle illegal.
Motorcycle Safety
5
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Safety Labels
Safety labels on your motorcycle either warn you of potential hazards that could
cause serious injury or they provide important safety information. Read these
labels carefully and don’t remove them.
If a label comes off or becomes hard to read, contact your Honda dealer for a
replacement.
6
Motorcycle Safety
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Safety Labels
CARGO LIMIT
CARGO LIMIT
1.0 lbs (0.5 kg)
20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
CARGO LIMIT
CARGO LIMIT
4.5 lbs (2.0 kg)
20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
Motorcycle Safety
7
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Safety Labels
<For USA>
<For Canada>
8
Motorcycle Safety
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Safety Labels
Motorcycle Safety
9
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10
Motorcycle Safety
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Instruments & Controls
This section shows the location of all gauges, indicators, and controls you would
normally use before or while riding your motorcycle.
The items listed on this page are described in this section. Instructions for other
components are presented in other sections of this manual where they will be
most useful.
Component Locations .......................................................................................... 12
Gauges & Indicators ............................................................................................. 15
Multi-display
Opening/Ending Ceremony ............................................................................. 21
On/Off-Opening/Ending Ceremony ................................................................ 22
Special Message for Opening/Ending Ceremony ........................................... 23
Odometer/Tripmeter......................................................................................... 25
Display Illumination Adjustment..................................................................... 26
Digital Clock .................................................................................................... 27
Air Temperature Meter .................................................................................... 28
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags Open Indicator ................................................... 29
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................................................................................. 30
Engine Stop Switch .......................................................................................... 31
Start/Reverse Button ........................................................................................ 32
Reverse (RVS) Switch ..................................................................................... 32
Cruise Control Switches................................................................................... 32
Headlight Dimmer Switch ............................................................................... 33
Turn Signal Switch ........................................................................................... 33
Horn Button ...................................................................................................... 34
Audio Control Switches ................................................................................... 34
Hazard Warning System Switch ...................................................................... 34
Headlight Beam Adjustment Knob .................................................................. 35
Rear Spring Pre-load Adjustment Switch ........................................................ 35
Ventilation Controls ......................................................................................... 35
Windshield Height Adjustment........................................................................ 35
Instruments & Controls
11
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Component Locations
windshield ventilation louver
indicators
multi-display
audio control switches
windshield height lever
windshield height lever
multi-display control buttons
ventilation louver
ignition switch
ventilation louver
fairing pocket
brake lever
throttle grip
clutch lever
fuel tank lid
fairing pocket
ventilation
louver
audio control buttons
fairing pocket lock
ventilation louver
fuel tank lid lock
rear spring pre-load adjustment switch
headlight beam adjustment switch
left handlebar controls
12
Instruments & Controls
right handlebar controls
03/05/23 13:43:06 31MCA630_020
Component Locations
radio antenna
trunk side pocket
fuel fill cap
passenger handgrip
rearview mirror
brake pedal
saddlebag
helmet holder
footpeg
passenger footrest
Instruments & Controls
13
03/05/23 13:43:10 31MCA630_021
Component Locations
rear headset terminal
passenger handgrip
front headset terminal
trunk side pocket
rearview mirror
trunk
saddlebag
shift lever
footpeg
owner’s manual storage
side stand
center stand
passenger footrest
14
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:43:20 31MCA630_022
Gauges & Indicators
The gauges and indicators on your motorcycle keep you informed, alert you to
possible problems, and make your riding safer and more enjoyable. Refer to the
gauges and indicators frequently. Their functions are described on the following
pages.
USA: Speedometer, odometer & tripmeter read in miles.
Canada: Speedometer, odometer & tripmeter read in kilometers.
tachometer red zone
right turn signal indicator
CRUISE SET
indicator
left turn signal indicator
speedometer
tachometer
CRUISE ON
indicator
fuel gauge
low fuel indicator
digital clock
side stand indicator
reverse system indicator
high beam indicator
neutral indicator
coolant temperature gauge
overdrive indicator
low oil pressure indicator
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
indicator (for model equipped
with ABS)
PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL)
Instruments & Controls
15
03/05/23 13:43:25 31MCA630_023
Gauges & Indicators
Lamp Check
Most of the indicator lights come on when you turn the ignition switch ON so
you can check that they are working. Some indicators turn off after a few
seconds; other remain on until or after the engine is started. The ABS indicator
remains on until your motorcycle begins moving. All indicators are identified on
the following pages with the words: Lamp Check.
If one of these indicators does not come on when it should, have your Honda
dealer check for burned-out bulbs or other problems.
16
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:43:39 31MCA630_024
Gauges & Indicators
speedometer
Shows riding speed in miles (USA) or kilometers (Canada) per hour.
tachometer
Shows engine speed in revolutions per minute (rpm).
tachometer red zone
Shows excessive engine rpm range (indicated from the beginning of the
tachometer red zone) in which operation may damage the engine. Do not let the
tachometer needle enter the red zone.
turn signal indicator (amber)
Flashes when either turn signal operates.
reverse system indicator
Lights when the reverse system is engaged.
Instruments & Controls
17
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Gauges & Indicators
neutral indicator (green)
Lights when the transmission is in neutral.
overdrive indicator
Lights when the transmission is in overdrive (5th gear).
low oil pressure indicator (red)
Lights when engine oil pressure is low enough to cause engine damage. If the
indicator lights, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 190 for instructions
and cautions. Lamp Check.
PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) (red)
Lights when there is any abnormality in the PGM-FI (Programmed Fuel
Injection) system. Should also light for a few seconds and then go off when the
ignition switch is turned ON and the engine stop switch is at RUN. If the
indicator comes on at any other time, reduce speed and take your motorcycle to
a Honda dealer as soon as possible. Lamp Check.
18
Instruments & Controls
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Gauges & Indicators
(For model equipped with ABS)
anti-lock brake system (ABS) indicator (red)
If there is a problem with the Anti-lock Brake System, this light comes on and
remains on or blinks. Also lights and stays on during initial lamp check, until the
motorcycle begins moving. For information about ABS, see page 70 . Lamp
Check.
CRUISE ON Indicator
Lights when the cruise control master switch is on.
CRUISE SET Indicator
Lights when the cruise control set/decel switch is on.
high beam indicator (blue)
Lights when the headlight is on high beam.
side stand indicator (amber)
Lights when the side stand is put down−to indicate that the side stand ignition
cut-off system (page 63 ) is activated.
Instruments & Controls
19
03/05/23 13:44:16 31MCA630_027
Gauges & Indicators
low fuel indicator
Lights as a reminder to refuel soon. The indicator comes on when there is about
1.16 US gal (4.4 liters, 0.97 Imp gal) left in the fuel tank. Lamp Check.
fuel gauge
Shows the approximate fuel supply available, if your motorcycle is on a level
surface.
At F (Full) there are 6.7 US gal (25.5 liters), including reserve supply. When the
gauge needle enters the red band, fuel will be low and you should refill the tank
as soon as possible. The amount of fuel left in the tank when the needle enters
the red band is approximately 0.79 US gal (3.0 liters).
coolant temperature gauge
Shows engine coolant temperature. When the needle moves above the C (cold)
mark, the engine is warm enough to start riding. If the needle approaches the H
(hot) mark, pull safely to the side of the road. See page 189 for instructions
and cautions.
digital clock
Shows hour and minute (page 27 ).
20
Instruments & Controls
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Multi-display
Your motorcycle is equipped with a Multi-display that presents various displays.
This section explains display functions and operations.
Opening/Ending Ceremony
When the ignition switch is turned ON or ACC, the display presents an
‘‘opening ceremony.’’
When the ignition switch is turned OFF, the display presents an ‘‘ending
ceremony.’’
Instruments & Controls
21
03/05/23 13:44:36 31MCA630_029
Multi-display
On/Off-Opening/Ending Ceremony
The opening/ending ceremony can be turned off.
1. Push the MODE button to cycle to the ‘‘OPENING/ENDING CEREMONY’’
screen.
2. Push the DISP. button to cycle between on/off of the display.
3. Push the MODE button to select the ‘‘SET’’ function.
Selecting the ‘‘SET’’ function locks in the on/off option for future use.
ceremony display ON
ceremony display OFF
MODE button
22
Instruments & Controls
DISP. button
03/05/23 13:44:50 31MCA630_030
Multi-display
Special Message for Opening/Ending Ceremony
1. Push the MODE button to cycle to the ‘‘OPENING/ENDING
CEREMONY’’ screen.
2. Push the TRIP button then the DISP. button, hold both buttons down.
MODE button
3. The ‘‘MODE’’ on the display will change to ‘‘SET’’.
The display should now show ‘‘STANDARD’’ in the middle line.
4. Use the DISP. button to select the ‘‘SPL’’ function.
The display should now show ‘‘SPECIAL!’’ in the middle line.
DISP. button
5. Push the TRIP button to select the ‘‘NEXT’’ function.
The display should now show ‘‘CHANGE OK?’’ in the middle line.
6. Push the MODE button to select the ‘‘YES’’ function.
MODE button
Instruments & Controls
23
03/05/23 13:44:56 31MCA630_031
Multi-display
7. Use the TRIP button to cycle through the alphabet, number and symbol
selection.
Capital Letters
ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
Numbers
0123456789
Symbols
!”#$%&’()*+,−./>=<?
MODE button
8. When you have completed your message, push the MODE button to select the
‘‘SET’’ function which will lock in your special message to be used for the
opening and ending ceremony.
24
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:45:08 31MCA630_032
Multi-display
Odometer/Tripmeter
If the ceremony display is turned OFF, the initial display is odometer/tripmeter.
ODO (Odometer)
TRIP (Tripmeter)
shows the total miles (USA) or kilometer
(CANADA) ridden.
shows the number of miles (USA) or kilometer
(CANADA) ridden since you last reset the meter.
TRIP button
Odometer
Tripmeter
The tripmeter will show mileage in two sub modes, ‘‘TRIP A’’ and ‘‘TRIP B.’’
Push the TRIP button to select the ‘‘TRIP A’’ or ‘‘TRIP B’’ mode.
To reset the tripmeter, push and hold the TRIP button with the display in the
‘‘TRIP A’’ or ‘‘TRIP B’’ mode.
Instruments & Controls
25
03/05/23 13:45:22 31MCA630_033
Multi-display
Display Illumination Adjustment
To adjust the brightness of the display:
Push the MODE button once. ‘‘ILLUMINATION’’ will display.
To brighten the display
push the DISP. button (+).
To darken the display
push the TRIP button (−).
(The brighter and darker ranges each have six steps.)
To set the selected step
push the MODE button.
Before Adjustment
After Adjustment
MODE button
DISP. button
TRIP button
26
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:45:36 31MCA630_034
Multi-display
Digital Clock
The display shows the hour and minute.
To adjust the time:
1. Turn the ignition switch to ON or ACC.
2. Push the MODE button two times. ‘‘CLOCK ADJUSTMENT’’ will display
and the time on the digital clock will blink.
3. To set the hour, press and release the TRIP button until the desired hour
appears.
Quick setting
push and hold the TRIP button until the desired hour
appears.
4. To set the minute, press and release the DISP. button until the desired minute
appears.
Quick setting
push and hold the DISP. button until the desired minute
appears.
5. Once the time is selected, push the mode button to enter the time.
Before Adjustment
After Adjustment
MODE button
DISP. button
TEMP button
Instruments & Controls
27
03/05/23 13:45:47 31MCA630_035
Multi-display
Air Temperature Meter
Push the DISP. button once to display the air temperature.
USA : Fahrenheit (°F),
Canada : Centigrade (°C).
Temperature Display
Below 14°F (−10°C)
Between:
15°F − 122°F (−9°C − 50°C)
Above 122°F (50°C)
‘‘- -’’ is displayed
actual air temperature is indicated.
The display will remain and blink
‘‘122°F (50°C)’’
The temperature sensor is located in the upper fairing. Therefore, the
temperature reading can be affected by heat reflection from the road surface,
engine heat, and the exhaust from the surrounding traffic. This can cause on
error in the temperature reading when your speed is under 19 mph (30 km/h).
《For USA》
《For CANADA》
DISP. button
28
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:45:55 31MCA630_036
Multi-display
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags Open Indicator
This indicator turns on when the ignition switch is ON and your motorcycle’s
travel trunk or saddlebags are open.
If all compartments are not fully closed, the display will blink OPEN and
indicate the open compartment(s).
open indicator
Travel Trunk open
Saddlebag open
Instruments & Controls
29
03/05/23 13:46:09 31MCA630_037
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch
ON
ACC
OFF
LOCK
The ignition switch is used for starting and stopping the engine (page 61 ) and to
lock the steering for theft prevention (page 73). Insert the key and turn it to the
right for the ON and ACC (accessory) positions. Push down on the key and turn
it to the left to the LOCK (steering lock) position.
Key Position
ACC
ON
Function
Only the accessory circuits
function.
Electrical circuits on.
OFF
No electrical circuits function.
LOCK
(steering lock)
No electrical circuits function.
Locks the steering head.
30
Instruments & Controls
Key Removal
cannot be
removed
cannot be
removed
can be
removed
can be
removed
03/05/23 13:46:16 31MCA630_038
Controls & Features
Engine Stop Switch
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
engine stop switch
CRUISE CONTROL master switch
RESUME/ACCEL switch
SET/DECEL switch
reverse (RVS) switch
start/reverse button
OFF
RUN
The engine stop switch is used to stop the engine in an emergency. To operate,
turn the switch to the OFF position. The switch must be in the RUN position to
start the engine, and it should normally remain in the RUN position even when
the engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Instruments & Controls
31
03/05/23 13:46:26 31MCA630_039
Controls & Features
Start/Reverse Button
The start/reverse button is used for starting the engine. Pushing the button in
starts the engine. See Starting the Engine, page 62 .
When the start/reverse button is pushed, the starter motor will crank the engine;
the headlight will automatically go out, but the taillight will stay on.
The starter motor will not operate if the engine stop switch is in the OFF
position when the start/reverse button is pushed.
The start/reverse button is also used for reverse riding. See Reverse Riding, page
66 .
Reverse (RVS) Switch
The reverse switch is used to shift into reverse gear so you may back up your
motorcycle. For instructions, see Reverse Riding, page 66 .
Cruise Control Switches
Three switches are used to activate, adjust, and de-activate the cruise control
system: a cruise control master switch, a SET/DECEL switch, and a RESUME/
ACCEL switch. For operating instructions, see Riding with Cruise Control, page
77 .
32
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:46:34 31MCA630_040
Controls & Features
Headlight Dimmer Switch
The headlight dimmer switch is used to change between the high and low
headlight beams. To operate, push the button to HI for high beam, LO for low
beam.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
audio control switches
headlight dimmer switch
turn signal switch
HI
LO
horn button
Turn Signal Switch
The turn signal switch is used to signal a turn. To operate, move the switch all
the way to the left or right and release it.
The appropriate turn signal lights will start blinking. The lights will
automatically stop when you complete the turn. (You can manually cancel the
lights by pushing the switch in.)
To signal a lane change, move the switch all the way to the left or right and
release it. The turn signal lights will automatically stop in 7 seconds or after
riding 110 yards (120 m).
Instruments & Controls
33
03/05/23 13:46:42 31MCA630_041
Controls & Features
Horn Button
The horn is used to alert other motorists. To operate, push the button.
Audio Control Switches
The audio controls mounted on the left handlebar and above the fuel fill
compartment are used to operate the radio. For specific features and operation
instructions, see Audio Systems, page 81 .
Hazard Warning System Switch
The hazard warning system switch is used to activate the hazard lights on your
motorcycle if you need to stop near heavy traffic or if your motorcycle is
disabled.
To operate, turn the ignition key to the ON or ACC position, and push the
hazard warning system switch. The front and rear turn signals will blink
simultaneously until you push the switch again.
LEFT SIDE
hazard warning system switch
rear spring pre-load adjustment switch
headlight beam adjustment knob
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Controls & Features
Headlight Beam Adjustment Knob
The adjustment knob is used to raise or lower the height of the headlight beam.
You may need to adjust the headlight if you change to a lighter or heavier load
than you normally carry on your motorcycle.
If you carry a heavier or lighter than normal load, you may need to adjust your
headlight beam so you can better see the road ahead and don’t blind oncoming
drivers. Obey local laws and regulations concerning headlight adjustment.
To operate, start the engine.
To lower the beam, turn the headlight beam adjustment knob counterclockwise.
To raise the beam, turn the knob clockwise.
Rear Spring Pre-load Adjustment Switch
The rear spring pre-load adjustment switch is used to adjust the rear suspension
to suit your load and riding conditions. For instructions on when and how to
adjust the rear suspension, see Suspension Adjustments, page 144 .
Ventilation Controls
The windshield ventilation louver and the side ventilation louvers are used to
direct the flow of fresh air.
For instructions, see page 57 .
Windshield Height Adjustment
The windshield height adjustment levers are used to raise or lower your
windshield to suit your riding preference. For instructions, see page 56 .
Instruments & Controls
35
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36
Instruments & Controls
03/05/23 13:47:01 31MCA630_044
Before Riding
Before each ride, you need to make sure you and your Honda are both ready to
ride. To help get you prepared, this section discusses how to evaluate your riding
readiness, what items you should check on your motorcycle, and adjustments to
make for your comfort, convenience, or safety. This section also includes
important information about loading.
For information about adjusting the suspension on your Honda, see page 143 .
Are You Ready to Ride? .......................................................................................38
Protective Apparel .............................................................................................38
Rider Training ...................................................................................................40
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .....................................................................41
Pre-ride Inspection ............................................................................................41
Load Limits & Guidelines.....................................................................................43
Loading ..............................................................................................................43
Load Limits .......................................................................................................44
Loading Guidelines ...........................................................................................44
Cargo Compartments.............................................................................................45
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags ..............................................................................45
Remote Transmitter ...........................................................................................49
Fairing Pockets ..................................................................................................53
Trunk Side Pockets............................................................................................54
Comfort & Convenience Adjustment ...................................................................55
Windshield Height Adjustment.........................................................................56
Side Ventilation Louvers ..................................................................................57
Windshield Ventilation Louver ........................................................................57
Accessories ............................................................................................................58
Accessory (ACC) Terminal ..............................................................................58
Before Riding
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Are You Ready to Ride?
Before you ride your motorcycle for the first time, we urge you to:
Read this owner’s manual.
Make sure you understand all the safety messages.
Know how to operate all the controls.
Before each ride, be sure:
You feel well and are in good physical and mental condition.
You are wearing an approved motorcycle helmet (with chin strap tightened
securely), eye protection, and other protective clothing.
You don’t have any alcohol or drugs in your system.
Make sure your passenger is ready to ride, too, and is wearing proper gear
including a helmet.
If you must carry an extra helmet while riding, use a commercially-available
elastic cord, strap, or net to secure the helmet to the seat.
Protective Apparel
For your safety, we strongly recommend that you always wear an approved
motorcycle helmet, eye protection, boots, gloves, long pants, and a long-sleeved
shirt or jacket whenever you ride.
Although complete protection is not possible, wearing proper gear can reduce
the chance of injury when you ride.
Following are suggestions to help you choose the proper gear.
Not wearing a helmet increases
the chance of serious injury or
death in a crash.
Be sure you and your
passenger always wear a
helmet, eye protection, and
other protective apparel when
you ride.
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Are You Ready to Ride?
Helmets and Eye Protection
Your helmet is your most important piece of riding gear because it offers the
best protection against head injuries. A helmet should fit your head comfortably
and securely. A bright-colored helmet and reflective strips can make you more
noticeable in traffic.
An open-face helmet offers some protection, but a full-face helmet offers more.
Regardless of the style, look for a DOT (Department of Transportation) sticker
in any helmet you buy (USA only). Always wear a face shield or goggles to
protect your eyes and help your vision.
Additional Riding Gear
In addition to a helmet and eye protection, we also recommend:
Sturdy boots with non-slip soles to help protect your feet and ankles.
Leather gloves to help protect your hands.
A motorcycle riding suit or jacket for comfort as well as protection.
Bright-colored and reflective clothing can help make you more noticeable in
traffic. Avoid loose clothes that could get caught on any part of your
motorcycle.
Before Riding
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Are You Ready to Ride?
Rider Training
Developing your riding skills is an on-going process. Even if you have ridden
other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with how this motorcycle works
and handles. Practice riding the motorcycle in a safe area to build your skills. Do
not ride in traffic until you get accustomed to the motorcycle’s controls, and feel
comfortable with its size and weight.
We urge all riders to take a certified course approved by the Motorcycle Safety
Foundation (MSF). New riders should start with the basic course, and even
experienced riders will find the advanced course beneficial. For information
about the MSF training course nearest you, call the national toll-free number:
(800) 446-9227.
Other riding tips can be found in the Riding Tips booklet that came with your
motorcycle (USA only).
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Before Riding
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Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
Before each ride, it’s important to inspect your motorcycle and make sure any
problem you find is corrected. A pre-ride inspection is a must, not only for
safety, but because having a breakdown, or even a flat tire, can be a major
inconvenience.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before riding can cause
a crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always perform a pre-ride
inspection before every ride and
correct any problems.
Pre-ride Inspection
Check the following items before you get on the motorcycle:
Tires
Look at the tires. If a tire appears low, use an air pressure gauge
to check its pressure. Also look for signs of damage or excessive
wear (page 153 ).
Leaks,
Loose
Parts
Walk around your motorcycle and look for anything that appears
unusual, such as a leak or loose cable.
Lights
Make sure the headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn signals are
working properly.
Before Riding
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03/05/23 13:47:51 31MCA630_049
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride?
If you are carrying a passenger or cargo, also check the following:
Load Limits
Make sure you do not exceed the load limits (page 44 ).
Cargo
Check that all cargo is secure.
Adjustments
Adjust the rear suspension (page 143 ) according to your load.
Check these items after you get on the motorcycle:
Throttle
Rotate the throttle to check it moves smoothly without binding.
Brakes
Pull the brake lever and press on the brake pedal to check that
they operate normally.
Indicators
Turn the ignition on and check for normal operation of the
indicators (page 15 ).
Gauges
Check the fuel level and other gauges (page 15 ).
If you haven’t ridden the motorcycle in over a week, you should also check
other items, such as the oil level and other fluids. See Periodic Maintenance
(page 107 ). Periodic maintenance should also be done at least once a month, no
matter how often you ride.
Remember, be sure to take care of any problem you find, or have your Honda
dealer correct it before you ride.
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Before Riding
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Load Limits & Guidelines
Your motorcycle has been designed to carry you and one passenger. When you
carry a passenger, you may feel some difference during acceleration and
braking. But so long as you keep your motorcycle well-maintained, with good
tires and brakes, you can safely carry loads within the given limits and
guidelines.
However, exceeding the weight limit or carrying an unbalanced load can
seriously impair your motorcycle’s handling, braking, and stability. Non-Honda
accessories, improper modifications, and poor maintenance can also reduce your
safety margin.
Loading
How much weight you put on your motorcycle, and how you load it, are
important to your safety. Anytime you ride with a passenger or cargo, you
should be aware of the following information.
Overloading or improper loading
can cause a crash and you can
be seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all load limits and other
loading guidelines in this
manual.
Before Riding
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Load Limits & Guidelines
Load Limits
Following are the load limits for your motorcycle:
maximum weight capacity:
includes the weight of the rider,
passenger, all cargo, and all accessories.
= 417 lbs (189 kg)
= 425 lbs (193 kg)
(Canada only)
maximum cargo weight:
includes following maximum compartment
weights:
travel trunk
each saddlebag
each fairing pocket
each trunk side pocket
= 71 lbs (32 kg)
=
=
=
=
20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
4.5 lbs (2.0 kg)
1.0 lbs (0.5 kg)
The weight of added accessories will reduce the maximum cargo weight you can
carry.
Loading Guidelines
Improperly loading your motorcycle can affect its stability and handling. Even
if your motorcycle is properly loaded, you should ride at reduced speeds and
never exceed 80 mph (130 km/h) when carrying cargo.
Follow these guidelines whenever you carry a passenger or cargo:
Check that both tires are properly inflated (page 178 ).
If you change your normal load, you may need to adjust the rear suspension
(page 143 ).
To prevent loose items from creating a hazard, make sure that all cargo is tied
down securely before you ride.
Place cargo weight as low and close to the center of your motorcycle as
possible.
Balance cargo weight evenly on both sides.
Make sure all cargo compartments are securely closed.
Check the headlight beam adjustment if you change your normal load.
Do not attach large or heavy items (such as a sleeping bag or tent) to the
handlebar, forks, or fender.
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Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
Your motorcycle comes with a lockable travel trunk and dual saddlebags, plus
two trunk side pockets and front fairing pockets.
Instructions on how to open, close, and lock these compartments follow.
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags
The travel trunk and saddlebags are for lightweight items.
Cargo in the travel trunk and both saddlebags should not exceed:
20.0 lbs (9.0 kg) each
However, regardless of compartment capacity, be sure you do not exceed the
maximum load and cargo weight limits (page 44 ).
To Lock & Unlock the Travel Trunk & Saddlebags
LOCK
UNLOCK
The travel trunk and saddlebags can be locked and unlocked with the ignition
key or remote transmitter.
To use the remote transmitter, see page 49 .
To unlock:
Insert the ignition key and turn it clockwise.
To lock:
Insert the ignition key and turn it counterclockwise.
Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
To Open & Shut the Travel Trunk & Saddlebags
latch levers
OPEN
left saddlebag
travel trunk
right saddlebag
To open the travel trunk, pull the middle latch lever down.
To open the right or left saddlebag, pull the right or left latch lever down.
TO CLOSE:
To shut each compartment, place your hands flat on the edges of its lid and press
down until it is firmly closed and check the travel trunk & saddlebags open
indicator is not displayed.
To lock the all compartments, use the ignition key or transmitter.
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Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
If a Saddlebag Won’t Open
REAR
plug
rod
PUSH
1. Open the travel trunk and remove the plug from the right or left access hole in
the floor of the trunk.
2. Put your finger through the access hole and push the rod.
The saddlebag should open.
Before Riding
47
03/05/23 13:48:44 31MCA630_055
Cargo Compartment
Storage Box
cover
storage box
Your motorcycle has a storage box in the travel trunk. To open the storage box,
push forward on the cover and raise it.
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Cargo Compartment
Remote Transmitter
You can lock and unlock your motorcycle’s trunk and saddlebags with the
remote transmitter.
To lock the compartments − push the lock button.
(The front and rear turn signal lights will blink once.)
lock button
To unlock the compartments − push the unlock button.
(The front and rear turn signal lights will blink two times.)
unlock button
If you unlock the compartments with the transmitter, but do not open any of the
compartments within thirty seconds, the compartments automatically relock.
You cannot lock the compartments with the remote transmitter if any
compartment is not fully closed. (The front and rear turn signal lights will blink
ten times.)
Before Riding
49
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Cargo Compartment
To open the trunk, push and hold the trunk release button for approximately
one second.
trunk release button
Call Mode
The call mode is provided to let you locate your motorcycle when it is parked in
a large lot.
Push and hold the CALL button, the horn will sound and the turn signal lights
will blink two times.
CALL button
When the ignition switch is in the ON or ACC position:
You can lock and unlock the compartments.
The trunk release button will not operate.
The call mode will not operate.
50
Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
Replacing the Battery
When the remote transmitter’s battery begins to get weak, it may take several
pushes on the button to lock or unlock the compartments, and the LED will get
dim. Replace the battery as soon as possible.
Battery type: CR2025
LED
1. Use a coin to turn the round cover on the back of the transmitter
counterclockwise.
2. Remove the old battery and note the polarity. Make sure the polarity of the
new battery is the same (+ side facing up), then insert it in the transmitter.
3. Align the ▽ mark on the cover with the ◎ mark on the transmitter, then
set the cover in place and turn it clockwise.
◎ mark
▽ mark
Before Riding
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03/05/23 13:49:15 31MCA630_059
Cargo Compartment
Transmitter Care
Avoid severe shock to the transmitter, such as dropping or throwing it. Also,
protect it from extreme hot or cold temperatures.
Clean the transmitter case with a soft cloth. Do not use strong cleaners or
solvents that could harm the case. Immersing the transmitter in any liquid will
harm the transmitter and cause it to not function properly.
If you lose a transmitter, you will need to have the replacement programmed to
your motorcycle’s system by your Honda dealer. Any other transmitters you
have will also need to be reprogrammed.
As required by the FCC:
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the
f ollowing two conditions: (1) This device may not cause harmf ul interf erence,
and (2) this device must accept any interf erence received, including
interf erence that may cause undesired operation.
Changes or modif ications not expressly approved by the party responsible f or
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
This device complies with Industry Canada Standard RSS-210. Operation is
subject to the f ollowing two conditions: (1) this device may not cause
interf erence, and (2) this device must accept any interf erence that may cause
undesired operation of the device.
52
Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
Fairing Pockets
LEFT SIDE
RIGHT SIDE
PUSH
OPEN
button
ignition key
left fairing pocket
right fairing pocket
The fairing pockets are for lightweight items.
Cargo in each fairing pocket should not exceed:
4.5 lbs (2.0 kg)
To open the left fairing pocket, push the button.
To open the right fairing pocket, insert the ignition key, turn it clockwise.
To shut each fairing pocket, place your hands flat on the edges of its lid and
press down until it is firmly closed.
Make sure the fairing pockets are closed before riding.
Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.
Take care to keep gasoline, brake fluid, or other chemical solvents off the
pocket covers. They will damage the surface of the pocket covers.
Do not store valuables in the fairing pockets.
Before Riding
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Cargo Compartment
Trunk Side Pockets
trunk side pockets
handle
The trunk side pockets are for soft, lightweight items.
Cargo in each trunk side pocket should not exceed:
1.0 lbs (0.5 kg)
Do not put sharp or hard objects in the trunk side pockets. Such objects could
interfere with opening the lids or damage the pockets.
To open or shut the lid, pull the handle up.
Make sure the trunk side pockets are closed before riding.
Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.
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Before Riding
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Comfort & Convenience Adjustment
Your motorcycle has many features you can adjust to suit your personal
preference and increase your comfort and convenience, and your passenger’s as
well.
We recommend that you take time to check the following items and make any
desired adjustments before each ride:
Suspension
The rear suspension (page 143 ) can be adjusted for a softer or
firmer ride. You may want to adjust your suspension whenever
you change your normal load.
Windshield
Height
Your windshield height can be adjusted slightly higher or
lower (page 56 ).
Mirrors
Always check your mirrors for maximum visibility before
each ride.
Audio
Programming
Make any presets or changes in your audio programming
before you get on the road (page 89 ).
Ventilation
Louvers
If you need to adjust the louvers (page 57 ), do it before you
ride.
Before Riding
55
03/05/23 13:49:52 31MCA630_063
Comfort & Convenience Adjustment
Windshield Height Adjustment
The windshield adjuster has 6 positions.
You can adjust your windshield height slightly higher or lower.
If possible, we recommend you adjust your windshield height to below eye level
for better visibility.
To Adjust Windshield Height
FRONT
upper edge
knob
RELEASE
SECURE
upper mark
1. Pull both levers up to release the windshield.
2. To raise:
Move the windshield up to the desired position.
3. To lower:
Move the windshield up to the upper mark ( ), lower it all the way (to
reset the ratchet mechanism), then raise it to the desired position.
4. On both sides, align the mark on the windshield with the upper edge of the
instrument panel.
5. Push the levers down to secure the windshield.
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Comfort & Convenience Adjustment
Side VentiIation Louvers
LEFT UPPER
LEFT LOWER
OPEN
OPEN
CLOSE
CLOSE
You can adjust the upper and lower louvers to direct the flow of fresh air.
Windshield VentiIation Louver
lever
windshield
ventilation
CLOSE
OPEN
You can adjust the windshield ventilation louver with the lever to control and
direct the flow of fresh air.
Before Riding
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Accessories
Accessory (ACC) Terminal
fuse box
accessory (ACC)
terminal
For your convenience, your motorcycle is equipped with an accessory terminal,
located in the fuse box. The terminal provides 12V DC power for electrical
accessories. A maximum of 60 watts (5 amps) may be connected to the terminal.
Before installing any accessories, read Accessories and Modif ications, page 4 .
If you install any accessories, check the battery frequently to determine the state
of charge. Higher current demands may blow a fuse or discharge the battery. For
more information, see Battery, page 158 , and If a Fuse Blows, page 191 .
Connect accessory electrical leads securely, and keep them insulated, away from
hot parts and sharp edges.
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Before Riding
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Basic Operation & Riding
This section gives basic riding instructions, including how to start and stop your
engine, and how to use the throttle, clutch, and brakes. It also provides important
information on riding with a passenger or cargo, and operating your cruise
control.
To protect your new engine and enjoy optimum performance and service life,
refer to Break-in Guidelines (page 206 ).
Safe Riding Precautions ....................................................................................... 60
Starting & Stopping the Engine ........................................................................... 61
Preparation ........................................................................................................ 61
Starting Procedure ............................................................................................ 62
Flooded Engine................................................................................................. 62
Banking Sensor Ignition Cut-off System ........................................................ 63
How to Stop the Engine ................................................................................... 63
Shifting Gears ....................................................................................................... 64
While You Are Riding ..................................................................................... 65
Reverse Riding ..................................................................................................... 66
Braking ................................................................................................................. 68
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
(For model equipped with ABS) ...................................................................... 70
ABS Indicator Light ......................................................................................... 71
Parking .................................................................................................................. 73
Theft-Prevention Tips ...................................................................................... 75
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ........................................................................ 76
Riding with Cruise Control .................................................................................. 77
Cruise Control .................................................................................................. 77
To Set Cruise Control....................................................................................... 78
To Change the Set Speed ................................................................................. 78
To Cancel Cruise Control ................................................................................ 79
Riding in Bad Weather ......................................................................................... 80
Basic Operation & Riding
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Safe Riding Precautions
Before riding your motorcycle for the first time, please review the Motorcycle
Saf ety section beginning on page 1, and the Bef ore Riding section beginning on
page 37 .
Even if you have ridden other motorcycles, take time to become familiar with
how this motorcycle works and handles. Practice in a safe area until you build
your skills and get accustomed to the motorcycle’s size and weight.
Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when riding, idling, or parking your motorcycle.
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Starting & Stopping the Engine
Always follow the proper starting procedure described below.
For your safety, avoid starting or operating the engine in an enclosed area such
as a garage. Your motorcycle’s exhaust contains poisonous carbon monoxide
gas which can collect rapidly in an enclosed area and cause illness or death.
Your motorcycle can be started with the transmission in gear by pulling in the
clutch lever before operating the starter.
Your motorcycle is equipped with a side stand ignition cut-off system. If the
side stand is down––the engine cannot be started unless the transmission is in
neutral. If the side stand is up––the engine can be started in neutral, or in gear
with the clutch lever pulled in. After starting with the side stand down, the
engine will stop if the transmission is put in gear before raising the side stand.
Preparation
Before starting, insert the key, turn the ignition switch ON, and confirm the
following:
The transmission is in NEUTRAL (neutral indicator light ON).
The engine stop switch is set to RUN.
The low oil pressure indicator is ON.
The PGM-FI malfunction indicator lamp is OFF.
(For model equipped with ABS) The ABS indicator light is ON.
Basic Operation & Riding
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Starting & Stopping the Engine
The low oil pressure indicator should go off a few seconds after the engine
starts. If the indicator stays on, stop the engine immediately and check the
engine oil level.
Starting Procedure
This motorcycle has a fuel-injected engine with an automatic fast idle. Follow
the procedure indicated below.
Any Air Temperature
Press the start button with the throttle completely closed.
The engine will not start if the throttle is fully open (because the electronic
control module cuts off the fuel supply).
Flooded Engine
If the engine fails to start after repeated attempts, it may be flooded with excess
fuel. To clear a flooded engine:
1. Leave the engine stop switch set to RUN.
2. Open the throttle fully.
3. Press the start button for 5 seconds.
4. Follow the normal starting procedure.
5. If the engine starts, then open the throttle slightly if idling is unstable.
If the engine does not start, wait 10 seconds, then follow steps 1 − 4 again.
If the engine still won’t start, refer to If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start, page
175 .
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Starting & Stopping the Engine
Bank Angle Sensor Ignition Cut-off System
Your motorcycle’s banking (lean angle) sensor system is designed to
automatically stop the engine and fuel pump if the motorcycle is overturned.
Before restarting the engine, you must turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position and then back to ON. The engine will not restart until you perform this
procedure.
How to Stop the Engine
Normal Engine Stop
To stop the engine, shift into neutral and turn the ignition switch OFF.
The engine stop switch should normally remain in the RUN position even when
the engine is OFF.
If your motorcycle is stopped with the ignition switch ON and the engine stop
switch OFF, the headlight and taillight will remain on, resulting in battery
discharge.
Emergency Engine Stop
To stop the engine in an emergency, use the engine stop switch. To operate,
press the switch to the OFF position.
Basic Operation & Riding
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Shifting Gears
OD
2
4 3
1
Your motorcycle has five forward gears in a one-down, four-up shift pattern
which is coordinated with a hydraulically actuated clutch system.
Learning when to shift gears comes with experience. Keep the following tips in
mind:
As a general rule, shift while moving in a straight line.
Close the throttle and pull the clutch lever in completely before shifting.
Improper shifting may damage the engine, transmission, and drive train.
Learn to recognize the engagement point as you release the clutch lever. It is
at this point the transmission of power to the rear wheel resumes.
Upshift to a higher gear or reduce throttle before engine rpm (speed) gets too
high. Learn the relationship between engine sound and the normal shifting
points.
Downshift to a lower gear before you feel the engine laboring (lugging) at
low rpm.
Avoid downshifting to help slow your motorcycle when engine rpm is near its
allowable maximum (near the tachometer red zone). In this situation, the rev
limiter in the engine ignition control module may not prevent excessive
engine speed which could damage the engine.
To prevent transmission damage, do not coast or tow the motorcycle for long
distances with the engine off.
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Shifting Gears
Recommended Shift Points
Ride in the highest gear that lets the engine run and accelerate smoothly. This
will give you good fuel economy and effective emissions control. When
changing gears under normal conditions, use these recommended shift points:
Shif ting Up:
From 1st to 2nd:
From 2nd to 3rd:
From 3rd to 4th:
From 4th to OD:
12 mph (20 km/h)
19 mph (30 km/h)
25 mph (40 km/h)
31 mph (50 km/h)
Shif ting Down:
From OD to 4th:
From 4th to 3rd:
22 mph (35 km/h)
16 mph (25 km/h)
Pull the clutch lever in when speed drops below 12 mph (20 km/h), when engine
roughness is evident, or when engine stalling is imminent; and shift down to 1st
gear for acceleration.
While You Are Riding
While you are riding, occasionally check your gauges and indicators. Continuing
to ride with the low oil pressure indicator (red) on or the coolant temperature
gauge needle at the H (hot) mark can cause serious engine damage. Also keep an
eye on the fuel gauge and the low fuel indicator.
Basic Operation & Riding
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Reverse Riding
Your motorcycle’s reverse system allows you to back out of a parking position
at slow speed.
Make sure there are no obstacles or people in the area. Avoid steep or uneven
surfaces. Carrying a passenger while reversing is not recommended because it
makes balance and control more difficult to maintain.
1. Sit astride the motorcycle, in your normal riding position, with both feet on
the ground.
2. Make sure the transmission is in neutral (neutral indicator ON) and the side
stand is up.
3. Start the engine. (Make sure RVS switch is OFF.)
4. Push the RVS switch to ON, then make sure the reverse system indicator
comes on.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
start/reverse button
reverse (RVS) switch
5. When you are ready to back up, push the start/reverse button and hold it in.
The motorcycle will move in reverse as long as you hold the button in.
To prevent battery discharge, do not push the start/reverse button more than a
minute.
6. Guide the motorcycle backward cautiously, using your legs to maintain
balance.
Use extreme care to maintain balance while reversing on loose surfaces (sand,
dirt, gravel) or grease-covered pavement.
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Reverse Riding
7. Release the start/reverse button, and the motorcycle will stop.
8. After your motorcycle is stopped, push the RVS switch to OFF. Make sure
the reverse gear indicator goes off and the neutral indicator comes on.
To avoid damaging the reverse system, do not engage or disengage reverse
when the motorcycle is moving.
If the reverse switch is in the ON position with the engine off, the engine cannot
be started.
Reverse System Overload
The reverse system is designed to move the motorcycle at a constant slow speed.
If the motorcycle begins moving slower or faster than this speed, because of
obstacles or a steep pavement angle, the system will shut off and the reverse
system indicator will turn OFF.
To resume reverse operation or normal forward operation, push the RVS switch
to the OFF position and carefully roll the motorcycle to a more level,
unobstructed surface, then start again.
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Braking
Your motorcycle is equipped with a Linked Braking System. Operating the front
brake lever applies the front brake and a portion of the rear brake. Operating the
rear brake pedal applies the rear brake and a portion of the front brake. For full
braking effectiveness, use both the lever and pedal simultaneously, as you
would with a conventional motorcycle braking system.
As with a conventional motorcycle braking system, excessively hard application
of the brake controls may cause wheel lock, reducing control of the motorcycle.
To slow or stop, apply the brake lever and brake pedal smoothly, while
downshifting to match your speed.
Gradually increase braking as you feel the brakes slowing your speed. The
increase in engine compression from downshifting will help slow your
motorcycle.
To prevent stalling the engine, pull the clutch lever in before coming to a
complete stop. For support, put your left foot down first, then your right foot
when you are through using the brake pedal.
Applying the brakes too hard may cause the wheels to lock and slide, reducing
control of your motorcycle. If this happens, release the brake controls, steer
straight ahead until you regain control, then reapply the brakes more gently.
When possible, reduce your speed or complete braking before entering a turn.
Avoid braking or closing the throttle quickly while turning. Either action may
cause one or both wheels to slip and reduce your control of your motorcycle.
Your ability to brake in a turn and to brake hard in an emergency situation are
important riding skills. We suggest attending a Motorcycle Safety Foundation
experienced rider training course (page 40 ) to retain these skills.
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Braking
When riding in wet or rainy conditions, or on loose surfaces, the ability to
maneuver and stop will be reduced. All of your actions should be smooth under
these conditions. Rapid acceleration, braking or turning may cause loss of
control. For your safety, exercise extreme caution when braking, accelerating or
turning.
When descending a long, steep grade, use engine compression braking by
downshifting, with intermittent use of both brakes. Continuous brake application
can overheat the brakes and reduce their effectiveness.
Riding with your foot resting on the brake pedal or your hand on the brake lever
may actuate the brakelight, giving a false indication to other drivers. It may also
overheat the brakes, reducing effectiveness.
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Braking
Anti-Lock Brake System (ABS) (GL1800A)
This model is also equipped with an Anti-lock Brake System (ABS) designed to
help prevent wheel lock up during hard braking on uneven or other poor
surfaces while running straight. Although the wheel may not lock up−if you are
braking too hard in a turn the motorcycle can still lose traction, causing a loss of
control.
In some situations, a motorcycle with ABS may require a longer stopping
distance to stop on loose or uneven surfaces than an equivalent motorcycle
without ABS.
ABS cannot make up for road conditions, bad judgment, or improper operation
of the brakes. It is still your responsibility to ride at reasonable speeds for
weather, road surface, and traffic conditions, and to leave a margin of safety.
ABS is self-checking and always on.
ABS may also be activated by braking while riding over a sharp drop or rise in
the road level.
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Braking
It is important to follow the tire recommendations (see page 156 ). The ABS
computer works by comparing wheel speed.
Non-recommended tires can affect wheel speed and may confuse the ABS
computer.
ABS does not function at very low speeds (approximately 5 mph (8km/h) or
below).
ABS does not function if the battery is discharged.
ABS Indicator Light (GL1800A)
Normally, this light comes on when the ignition is turned ON and goes off after
starting to ride. If there is an ABS problem, the indicator light comes on and
remains on or blinks. The ABS system does not operate when the ABS indicator
light is on or blinking.
ABS indicator light
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Braking
If the ABS indicator light blinks while riding, stop the motorcycle in a safe
place and turn off the engine. Turn the ignition ON again. The light should
come on, and then go off after starting to ride. If it does not go off or if it blinks
again, ABS is not functioning.
However, the Linked Braking System will still provide normal stopping ability.
However, you should have the system checked by your Honda dealer as soon as
possible.
The ABS indicator may blink if you place the motorcycle on its center stand and
turn the rear wheel. This is normal. Turn the ignition OFF to stop the blinking.
A red bulb is used for the ABS indicator light. Be sure that the bulb lights when
the ignition is ON. If the bulb fails to light, see your Honda dealer.
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Parking
1. Look for a level parking area. If you can’t park on a paved surface, make sure
the ground surface is firm.
If you must park on a hill, leave the transmission in gear and position the rear
tire against the curb at a 45 degree angle.
Make sure flammable materials such as dry grass or leaves do not come in
contact with the exhaust system when parking your motorcycle. Refer to
Catalytic Converters, page 211 .
2. Use the side or center stand to support the motorcycle while parked.
To lower the side stand, use your foot to guide it down. Remember that
lowering the side stand with the transmission in gear will stop the engine,
even if the clutch lever is pulled in. That is a function of the side stand
ignition cut-off system.
Check that the side stand is down all the way. The side stand indicator only
indicates that the side stand ignition cut-off system (page 63 ) is activated.
To lower the center stand, stand on the left side of the motorcycle. Hold the
passenger handgrip attached to the seat. Press down on the tip of the stand
with your right foot and, simultaneously, pull up and back on the passenger
handgrip.
3. Use the steering lock, which locks the handlebar in place. Turn the handlebar
all the way to the left or right. Push in on the ignition key and turn it to LOCK.
Remove the key.
(To unlock the steering lock, insert and push down on the key and turn it to
the right to the OFF position.)
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Parking
4. Use the helmet holder(s) to secure your helmet(s) with your motorcycle:
Open the travel trunk (page 45 ).
Turn the knob in the trunk to unlock the helmet holders.
Hang your helmet(s), using the D-ring on the helmet strap.
Push the holder in to lock it.
knobs
LOCK
OPEN
helmet holders
Riding with a helmet attached to the helmet holder can cause damaging to the
helmet, or damage to the paint or f inish of your motorcycle.
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Parking
Theft-Prevention Tips
Park your motorcycle in a locked garage whenever possible. If a garage isn’t
available, park in a concealed area or in a well-lit area with enough pedestrian
traffic to discourage a thief.
Always take the ignition key with you.
Always use the steering lock (page 73 ), even if you’re parking for just a
minute or two. A thief can easily push an unlocked motorcycle to a waiting
truck.
If you decide to use an anti-theft device, select one of good quality and be
sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.
Keep your owner’s manual, current registration, and insurance information
with your motorcycle. This will make it easier for the authorities to find you
if your motorcycle is stolen and recovered.
Basic Operation & Riding
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Riding with a Passenger or Cargo
Your motorcycle is designed to carry you and one passenger. Whenever you add
a passenger or cargo, you must be careful not to exceed the total load limits for
this vehicle (Load Limits, page 44 ). Make sure your cargo is properly secured
(Loading Guidelines, page 44 ).
Also consider adjusting the suspension (page 143 ) for the extra load.
Be aware that carrying a passenger or heavy cargo can affect acceleration,
braking, and handling.
Before riding with a passenger, make sure your passenger is wearing the proper
protective apparel (page 38 ).
Tell your passenger to hold the passenger handgrip, lean with you in the turns,
and keep their feet on the passenger footrests at all times, even when the
motorcycle is stopped at a traffic light.
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Riding with Cruise Control
Cruise Control
The cruise control system allows you to maintain a steady speed between
30−100 mph (48−161 km/h). When cruise control is on, your speed will still
vary slightly, particularly going up and down hills.
Cruise control is intended for use only on straight, uncongested highways. Do
not use cruise control on city streets, winding roads, during bad weather, or at
any other time when you need total control of the throttle.
Improper use of the cruise
control can lead to a crash.
Use the cruise control only
when traveling on open
highways in good weather.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
RESUME/ACCEL switch
indicators
SET/DECEL switch
CRUISE CONTROL master switch
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Riding with Cruise Control
To Set Cruise Control
1. Make sure you are in 4th gear or OD (5th gear), and that your speed is
between 30 and 100 mph (48 and 161 km/h).
Any speed above 100 mph (161 km/h) will be memorized as 100 mph (161
km/h).
2. Push the cruise control master switch. (The CRUISE ON indicator will come
on.)
3. Accelerate to the desired speed.
4. Push the SET/DECEL switch. (The CRUISE SET indicator will come on.)
To Change the Set Speed
To Fine Tune the Set Speed
To increase the set speed − tap the RESUME/ACCEL switch.
To decrease the set speed − tap the SET/DECEL switch.
Each quick tap (brief push and release) on either switch will change your
speed by approximately 1 mph (1.6 km/h).
To Automatically Change the Set Speed
To increase the set speed − hold the RESUME/ACCEL switch in. The
system will accelerate your motorcycle automatically. When you reach the
desired speed, release the switch.
To decrease speed − hold the SEL/DECEL switch in. The system will
automatically slow your motorcycle. When you reach the desired speed,
release the switch.
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Riding with Cruise Control
To Manually Increase the Set Speed
1. Use the throttle to accelerate until you reach the desired speed.
2. Push and release the SET/DECEL switch.
To Manually Increase Vehicle Speed
1. Use the throttle in the normal manner to accelerate.
2. To return to the set speed, close the throttle and coast without applying the
brakes. The cruise system will maintain the speed you previously set.
To Cancel Cruise Control
To Disengage the System
1. Push the cruise control master switch until the CRUISE ON indicator goes off.
(The set speed will be erased from memory.)
To Temporarily Disengage the System
1. Pull the brake lever or clutch lever, or step on the brake pedal slightly, or
close the throttle. (The set speed will remain in memory.)
2. To resume cruise control:
If you are still over 30 mph (48 km/h) − push the RESUME/ACCEL
switch.
If you are under 30 mph (48 km/h) − use the throttle to increase road
speed above 30 mph (48 km/h) and then push the RESUME/ACCEL
switch.
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Riding in Bad Weather
If you decide to ride your motorcycle in the rain, fog, or other bad-weather
conditions, ride carefully. Wet road surfaces reduce traction, especially in turns,
and increase stopping distances when you brake.
If the weather turns bad while you are riding, take extra care and do not use
cruise control.
When riding in the rain, we recommend you adjust your windshield height
below eye level, if possible, for better visibility (page 56 ).
Avoid using any kind of water-dispersing product on the windshield. It will
damage the plastic.
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Audio Systems
This section gives information about the controls and displays that make up your
audio system. All essential controls are within easy reach.
As required by FCC (USA only):
Changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
AM/FM Radio ...................................................................................................... 82
Radio Antenna .................................................................................................. 82
Controls Location ............................................................................................. 83
AUDIO System ................................................................................................ 84
Switch Output ................................................................................................... 84
VOLUME Control ........................................................................................... 85
Select Band ....................................................................................................... 86
Select Station .................................................................................................... 87
Preset Station .................................................................................................... 88
Auto Select ....................................................................................................... 89
Tone Control..................................................................................................... 90
Fader Control .................................................................................................... 91
Muting .............................................................................................................. 91
Ambience (AMB)............................................................................................. 92
Beep Set ............................................................................................................ 92
Auto Volume Control (AVC) .......................................................................... 93
Weather Infomation ............................................................................................. 94
Weather Band (WB) ......................................................................................... 94
Auxiliary Function ............................................................................................... 95
Auxiliary (AUX) Input ..................................................................................... 95
Input Jack Setup ............................................................................................... 96
Intercom System ................................................................................................... 98
System Control ................................................................................................. 98
VOLUME Control ........................................................................................... 99
Intercom Muting ............................................................................................... 99
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
Radio Antenna
To fold the AM/FM radio antenna, pull up on the knurled coupling.
radio antenna
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AM/FM Radio
Controls Locations
LEFT HANDLEBAR
CB radio levers
(for accessory CB radio)
TALK lever
(for accessory CB radio)
VOLUME lever
TUNE/DISC lever
MUTE button
CB button (for accessory CB radio)
AUDIO button
preset button
I-COM button
A.SEL button
VOLUME button
FM1 button
FM2 button
MODE button
AUX button
AM button
WB button
CD button (for accessory CD changer)
The CB and CD levers and buttons function when the Honda accessory CB
radio and/or CD changer are installed. For CB and CD operating instructions,
refer to the accessory manuals.
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
AUDIO System
To turn the audio system on − push the AUDIO button.
AUDIO button
To turn the audio system off − push and hold the AUDIO button until you hear
a beep. The display will show the Odometer/Tripmeter only.
CB and CD are optional equipment. They are only indicated if installed.
Switch Output
When the audio system is turned on, you can switch its output between Speaker
and Headset. (Headset is optional equipment.)
Pushing the AUDIO button switches the output.
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AM/FM Radio
VOLUME Control
To increase the volume
To decrease the volume
push the VOLUME lever up or turn the
VOLUME knob clockwise.
push the VOLUME lever down or turn the
VOLUME knob counterclockwise.
To increase or decrease the volume rapidly − push the VOLUME lever up or
down and hold it down after you hear a beep.
(VOLUME level range : from 0 to 32)
VOLUME lever
VOLUME knob
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
Select Band
To change to AM or FM when you are in the radio mode − push the AM button,
FM1 button or FM2 button.
Reception of a stereo signal is indicated when the STEREO indicator appears in
the display. (Stereo reception is available only for FM stereo broadcasts.) As FM
stereo reception becomes weaker, special circuits in the radio gradually blend
the sound toward mono to maintain some sound quality, even though the
STEREO indicator remains ON.
FM1 button
FM2 button
AM button
STEREO indicator
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AM/FM Radio
Select Station
To raise the radio frequency − push the TUNE/DISC lever up.
To lower the radio frequency − push the TUNE/DISC lever up.
To move up or down the radio frequencies in sequence, move the lever one click
at a time. The AM frequency display moves in 10 kHz steps. The FM frequency
moves in 0.2 kHz steps.
The SEEK function searches the band for a station with a strong signal. To
activate it, push the TUNE/DISC lever up or down and release it as soon as you
hear a beep. The frequency display will begin moving. Depending on which way
you push the switch, the system scans upward or downward from the current
frequency.
It stops when it finds a station with a strong signal.
When the frequency display reaches either end, it transitions to the other end of
the band and continues in the same direction.
To reach a known frequency rapidly − push the TUNE/DISC lever up or down
and continue to hold it down after you hear a beep until you see the desired
frequency.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
TUNE/DISC lever
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
Preset Stations
You can store the frequencies of your favorite radio stations in the six preset
buttons. Each button will store one frequency on the AM band, and two
frequencies on the FM band.
preset button
A.SEL button
FM1 button
FM2 button
AM button
1. Check that A.SEL is not turned on. If it is on, push the A.SEL button to turn it
off.
2. Select the desired band, AM or FM. FM1 and FM2 let you store two
frequencies with each Preset button.
3. Use the TUNE or SEEK function to tune the radio to a desired station.
4. Pick the Preset button you want for that station. Press the button and hold it
until you hear a beep.
5. Repeat steps 1 to 3 to store a total of six stations on AM and twelve on FM.
Once a station’s frequency is stored, simply press and release the proper Preset
button to tune to it. The preset frequencies will be lost if your motorcycle’s
battery goes dead or is disconnected, or if the radio fuse is removed.
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AM/FM Radio
Auto Select
If you are traveling far from home and can no longer receive the stations you
preset, you can use the Auto Select feature to find stations in the local area.
To activate Auto Select, push the A.SEL button. A.SEL will appear in the
display, and the system will go into scan mode for several seconds.
It automatically scans both bands, looking for stations with strong signals. It
stores the frequencies of six AM stations and twelve FM stations in the preset
buttons. You can then use the preset buttons to select those stations.
preset button
A.SEL button
If you are in a remote area, Auto Select may not find six strong AM stations or
twelve strong FM stations. If this happens, you will see a ‘‘0’’ displayed when
you push any preset button that does not have a station stored.
With Auto Select on, you cannot manually store any frequencies in the preset
buttons. If you do not like the stations found by Auto Select, you can use the
TUNE and SEEK functions to find other stations.
Auto Select does not erase the frequencies that you preset previously. When you
return home, turn off Auto Select by pressing the A.SEL button. The preset
buttons will then select the frequencies you originally set.
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
Tone Control
To select the Bass control, push the MODE knob once, and ‘‘BASS’’ will
appear on the display. Then, within five seconds, change the bass control.
To emphasize bass
To reduce bass
turn the MODE knob clockwise.
turn the MODE knob counterclockwise (Bass level
ranges from 6 down to −6.)
MODE knob
To select the Treble control, push the MODE knob two times, and ‘‘TREBLE’’
will appear on the display. Then, within five seconds, change the treble control.
To emphasize treble
To reduce treble
90
turn the MODE knob clockwise.
turn the MODE knob counterclockwise. (Treble
level ranges from 6 down to −6.)
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AM/FM Radio
Fader Control
To balance the sound between the front and optional rear speakers − push the
MODE knob three times, and ‘‘FADER’’ will appear on the display. Then,
within five seconds, change the fader control. (The control range: F (front) and
R (rear) each have 9 segments.)
MODE knob
Muting
To instantly lower the radio’s volume so you may hear surrounding sounds more
clearly − push the MUTE button.
The display will indicate ‘‘MUTE’’.
To restore the original volume − push the MUTE button again to restore the
original volume.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
MUTE button
Audio Systems
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AM/FM Radio
Ambience (AMB)
The ‘‘ambience’’ circuit blends and boosts certain frequencies from both
channels, for a ‘‘live performance’’ effect. AMB may be used for stereo
programs from the FM radio. However, the ambience circuit may make weak
FM stereo signals sound worse.
To use the circuit
To change the setting
push the MODE knob four times, and ‘‘AMB’’
will appear on the display. Then, within five
seconds, change the ambience setting.
turn the MODE knob (There are three settings: HI
(high), LO (low), OFF.)
MODE knob
Beep Set
To use the circuit
To change the setting
push the MODE knob five times, and ‘‘BEEP’’
will appear on the display. Then, within five
seconds, change the beep setting.
turn the MODE knob. (ON or OFF)
MODE knob
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AM/FM Radio
Auto Volume Control (AVC)
To automatically increase volume as the speed of the motorcycle increases. Push
the VOLUME knob once, and ‘‘AUTO VOL SPK’’ will appear on the display.
Then, within five seconds, change the AVC setting. When audio system output
is Headset, the display will indicate ‘‘AUTO VOL HS’’.
AUTO VOL SPK has four settings − HI (high), MID (middle), LO (low), and
OFF.
AUTO VOL HS has three settings − HI (high), LO (low), and OFF.
VOLUME knob
Audio Systems
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Weather Information
Weather Band (WB)
To listen to the Weather Band − push the WB button.
To cancel the Weather Band − push another band button. (AM, FM 1 or FM 2
button.)
To select channels 1−6 − push the desired preset button.
To select channel 7 − push the TUNE/DISC lever up or down until channel 7 is
selected.
(The TUNE/DISC lever may be used to select any of the 7 channels. The lever
must be used to select channel 7.)
LEFT HANDLEBAR
preset button
WB button
TUNE/DISC lever
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Audio Systems
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Auxiliary Function
Auxiliary (AUX) Input
Use this function to listen to other audio such as a portable CD player:
To turn the function on
To turn the function off
push the AUX button. (AUX apears on the
display.)
push the AM, FM 1, or FM 2 button.
The following functions operate the same as they do with the AM/FM radio:
Switch output, Tone control, Fader control, Muting, AMB, AVC.
AUX indication
AUX button
Audio Systems
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Auxiliary Function
Input Jack Setup
The auxiliary input jack connector is located under the left fairing pocket. To
use it:
1. Open the left fairing pocket cover and remove the four clips and grommet A.
2. Lift out the fairing pocket.
wire harness connector
grommet A
fairing pocket
clip
auxiliary input patch cord
3. Remove the auxiliary input patch cord from the owner’s manual pouch.
4. Plug the auxiliary input patch cord into the wire harness connector.
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Auxiliary Function
5. Routs the auxiliary input patch cord through the hole in the bottom of the
fairing pocket.
6. Install the grommet B to left fairing pocket.
Do not pull on the auxiliary cord as the wires could be damaged.
auxiliary input
patch cord
grommet B
Some portable audio systems may pick up noise from the ignition.
Adjust the volume of the portable audio system so that it is about the same
level as the GL’s radio volume. If the volume of the portable audio system is
set too high, the sound coming out from the speakers or headset may be
distorted.
Audio Systems
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Intercom System
System Control
Some local governments prohibit the use of a headset by the operator of a motor
vehicle. Always obey applicable laws and regulations.
The intercom system may be used to communicate with your passenger. (If you
want to use this system, you must have headsets.)
To turn the system on
To turn the system off
front headset terminal
I-COM display
98
Audio Systems
push the I-COM button. (I-COM appears on the
display.)
push and hold the I-COM button until you hear
a beep. (I-COM disappears.)
rear headset terminal
I-COM button
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Intercom System
VOLUME Control
Refer to AM/FM Radio VOLUME Control on page 85 .
Intercom Muting
The intercom mute system automatically lowers (does not silence) the music/
program volume when you speak through the intercom.
The sensitivity of the intercom microphone to your voice or ambient sound sets
the level at which the intercom system mutes the music/program volume.
To adjust this system − push the VOLUME knob two times. ‘‘INTERCOM
MUTE’’ will display.
To increase microphone
sensitivity
To decrease microphone
sensitivity
turn the VOLUME knob clockwise.
turn the VOLUME knob counterclockwise.
(control range: 0 from 20.)
VOLUME knob
Audio Systems
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100 Audio Systems
03/05/23 13:56:21 31MCA630_108
Servicing Your Honda
To help keep your motorcycle in good shape, this section includes a
Maintenance Schedule for required service, a list of periodic checks you should
perform at least once a month, and step-by-step instructions for specific
maintenance tasks. You’ll also find important safety precautions, information on
fuels and oils, and tips for keeping your Honda looking great.
For information about the exhaust emission and noise emission requirements of
the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), see page 207 .
For information about replacing fuses, see page 191 .
USA only
Maintenance, replacement or repair of the emission control devices and
systems may be performed by any motorcycle repair establishment or
individual using parts that are ‘‘certified’’ to EPA standards.
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ........................................................................ 104
Maintenance Safety ............................................................................................ 105
Important Safety Precautions ......................................................................... 106
Periodic Maintenance ......................................................................................... 107
Maintenance Schedule ....................................................................................... 108
Maintenance Record........................................................................................... 112
(cont’d)
Servicing Your Honda
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Servicing Your Honda
Service Preparations
Component Locations ........................................................................................ 113
Tool Kit............................................................................................................... 116
Owner’s Manual Storage.................................................................................... 117
Cover Removal ................................................................................................... 118
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..................................................................................................................... 123
Engine Oil & Filter ............................................................................................. 126
Coolant................................................................................................................ 133
Crankcase Breather ............................................................................................ 136
Final Drive Oil.................................................................................................... 137
Engine
Clutch System..................................................................................................... 139
Spark Plugs ......................................................................................................... 141
Chassis
Suspension .......................................................................................................... 143
Brakes ................................................................................................................. 147
Tires .................................................................................................................... 152
Side Stand ........................................................................................................... 157
Electrical
Battery................................................................................................................. 158
Appearance Care ................................................................................................ 162
102 Servicing Your Honda
03/05/23 13:56:45 31MCA630_110
Servicing Your Honda
The following table summarizes the three types of inspections and servicing
recommendations for your motorcycle. Both the pre-ride inspection and the
scheduled maintenance at the recommended intervals are necessary to assure
safe and dependable performance. The periodic checks provide additional
confidence in your motorcycle’s performance.
Type of Inspection/
Service
Pre-ride Inspection
Periodic Maintenance
Maintenance Schedule
Refer to
page:
41
107
108
When Performed
Who Performs
before every ride
monthly*
interval on schedule
you
you
your Honda
dealer**
more often if you ride frequently or long distances; or anytime you clean your
motorcycle
unless you have the proper tools and service data and are mechanically
qualified
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The Importance of Maintenance
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is absolutely essential to your safety.
It’s also a good way to protect your investment, get maximum performance,
avoid breakdowns, and have more fun. A properly maintained motorcycle will
also help to reduce air pollution.
Remember, proper maintenance is the owner’s responsibility. Be sure to inspect
your motorcycle before each ride, perform the periodic checks, and follow the
Maintenance Schedule in this section.
Improperly maintaining this
motorcycle or failing to correct a
problem before you ride can
cause a crash in which you can
be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the inspection
and maintenance
recommendations and
schedules in this owner’s
manual.
If your motorcycle overturns or is involved in a crash, be sure your Honda
dealer inspects all major parts, even if you are able to make some repairs.
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Maintenance Safety
This section includes instructions on how to perform some important
maintenance tasks. If you have basic mechanical skills, you can perform many
of these tasks with the tools provided with your motorcycle.
Other tasks that are more difficult and require special tools are best performed
by professionals. Wheel removal should normally be handled only by a Honda
technician or other qualified mechanic. Instructions are included in this manual
only to assist in emergency service.
Some of the most important safety precautions follow. However, we cannot
warn you of every conceivable hazard that can arise in performing maintenance.
Only you can decide whether or not you should perform a given task.
Failure to properly follow
maintenance instructions and
precautions can cause you to
be seriously hurt or killed.
Always follow the procedures
and precautions in this owner’s
manual.
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Maintenance Safety
Important Safety Precautions
Make sure the engine is off before you begin any maintenance or repairs.
This will help eliminate several potential hazards:
Carbon monoxide poisoning from engine exhaust. Be sure there is
adequate ventilation whenever you operate the engine.
Burns from hot motorcycle parts. Let the engine and exhaust system cool
before touching.
Injury from moving parts. Do not run the engine unless instructed to do so.
Read the instructions before you begin, and make sure you have the tools and
skills required.
To help prevent the motorcycle from falling over, park it on a firm, level
surface, using the side stand or a maintenance stand to provide support.
To reduce the possibility of a fire or explosion, be careful when working
around gasoline. Use only non-flammable solvent, not gasoline, to clean parts.
Keep cigarettes, sparks, and flames away from all fuel-related parts.
Remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully
equipped to maintain and repair it. To ensure the best quality and reliability, use
only new genuine Honda parts or their equivalents for repair and replacement. If
you have the tools and skills required for additional maintenance jobs, you can
purchase an official Honda Service Manual (page 217 ).
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Periodic Maintenance
In addition to the regularly scheduled maintenance (page108 ) and daily pre-ride
inspection (page 41 ), consider performing the periodic checks on the following
page at least once a month, even if you haven’t ridden your motorcycle, or as
often as once a week if you ride frequently or for long distances. It’s a good idea
to perform this maintenance any time you clean your motorcycle.
Check the odometer reading and perform any scheduled maintenance checks
that are needed (page 108). Remember, more frequent checks may be needed for
riding in severe conditions.
Tires
Fluids
Lights
Freeplay
Fuses
Nuts & Bolts
Check the air pressure with a gauge and add air if needed
(page 153 ).
Examine the tread for wear (page 154 ).
Look closely for nails, embedded objects, cuts, and other
types of damage (page 154 ). Rotate the rear wheel so
you can inspect the entire surface.
Check the condition of the rims.
Check the levels of the engine oil (page129), coolant
(page 134), brake fluid (page148), clutch fluid (page140),
and final drive oil (page137). Add the correct fluid as
necessary, and investigate the cause of any low fluid
level.
Make sure the headlight, brake light, taillight, and turn
signals are working properly.
Check the freeplay of the brake lever (page 147).
Make sure you have a full supply of spare fuses.
Check the major fasteners and tighten as needed.
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Maintenance Schedule
The required Maintenance Schedule that follows specifies how often you should
have your motorcycle serviced, and what things need attention. It is essential to
have your motorcycle serviced as scheduled to maintain safe, dependable
performance and proper emission control.
The service intervals in this Maintenance Schedule are based on average riding
conditions. Some items will need more frequent service if you ride in unusually
wet or dusty areas or at full throttle. Consult your Honda dealer for
recommendations applicable to your individual needs and use.
Some items in the Maintenance Schedule can be performed with basic
mechanical skills and hand tools. Procedures for these items are provided in this
manual. Other items involve more extensive procedures and may require special
training, tools, and equipment. We recommend that you have your Honda dealer
perform these tasks unless you have advanced mechanical skills and the required
tools and equipment. Procedures for such items in this schedule are provided in
an official Honda Service Manual available for purchase (page 217 ).
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Maintenance Schedule
If you do not feel capable of performing a given task or need assistance,
remember that your Honda dealer knows your motorcycle best and is fully
equipped to maintain and repair it. If you decide to do your own maintenance,
use only genuine Honda parts or their equivalents for repair or replacement to
ensure the best quality and reliability.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 41 ) and owner maintenance (page110 ) at
each scheduled maintenance period.
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Maintenance Schedule
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
FREQUENCY
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
ITEM
4
8
12
16
20
24
Refer to
6.4
12.8
19.2
25.6
32.0
38.4
page
FUEL LINE
I
I
I
−
THROTTLE OPERATION
I
I
I
−
AIR CLEANER
2
CRANKCASE BREATHER
3
C
C
C
C
−
C
136
R
ENGINE OIL FILTER
R
R
5
141
−
EVERY 32,000 mi (51,200 km) I
4
ENGINE OIL
RADIATOR COOLANT
C
R
EVERY 16,000 mi (25,600 km) R
SPARK PLUGS
VALVE CLEARANCE
R
R
R
127
R
130
I
I
R
133
COOLING SYSTEM
I
I
I
−
SECONDARY AIR SUPPLY
I
I
I
−
I
−
SYSTEM
EVAPORATIVE EMISSION
I
CONTROL SYSTEM
NOTES:
1. At higher odometer readings, repeat at the frequency interval established here.
2. Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden in unusually wet or dusty
areas.
3. Service more frequently if the motorcycle is ridden often at full throttle or in
the rain.
4. Service more frequently if noisy.
5. Replace every 2 years, or at indicated odometer interval, whichever comes
first. Replacement requires mechanical skill. Refer to the official Honda
service manual.
Perform the pre-ride inspection (page 41 ) at each scheduled maintenance period.
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Maintenance Schedule
FREQUENCY
ODOMETER READING (Note 1)
× 1,000 mi
NOTE × 1,000 km
ITEM
4
8
12
16
20
24
Refer to
6.4
12.8
19.2
25.6
32.0
38.4
page
R
137
FINAL DRIVE OIL
BRAKE FLUID
I
5
NON-EMISSION RELATED ITEMS
BRAKE PAD WEAR
I
I
I
R
I
I
R
148
I
I
I
I
I
I
150
BRAKE SYSTEM
I
I
I
151
BRAKE LIGHT SWITCH
I
I
I
−
HEADLIGHT AIM
I
I
I
−
CLUTCH SYSTEM
I
I
I
139
R
140
CLUTCH FLUID
5
I
I
R
I
I
REVERSE OPERATION
I
I
I
−
SIDE STAND
I
I
I
157
SUSPENSION
I
I
I
−
NUTS, BOLTS,
I
I
I
−
WHEELS/TIRES
I
I
I
−
STEERING HEAD
I
I
I
−
FASTENERS
BEARINGS
Maintenance Procedures:
I: inspect and clean, adjust, lubricate,
or replace, if necessary
C: clean
A: adjust
L: lubricate
R: replace
Each item on the maintenance schedule requires some mechanical knowledge.
Certain items (particularly those marked * and **) may require more technical
information and tools. Consult your Honda dealer.
Should be serviced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper tools
and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official Honda
Service Manual (page 217 ).
In the interest of safety, we recommend these items be serviced only by your
Honda dealer.
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03/05/23 13:58:09 31MCA630_119
Maintenance Record
Keeping an accurate maintenance record will help ensure that your motorcycle
is properly maintained. Retain detailed receipts to verify the maintenance was
performed. If the motorcycle is sold, these receipts should be transferred with
the motorcycle to the new owner. Make sure whoever performs the maintenance
completes this record. All scheduled maintenance is considered a normal owner
operating cost and will be charged for by your dealer. Use the space under Notes
to record anything you want to remind yourself about or mention to your dealer.
Miles
(km)
4,000
(6,400)
8,000
(12,000)
12,000
(19,200)
16,000
(25,600)
20,000
(32,000)
24,000
(38,400)
28,000
(44,800)
32,000
(51,200)
36,000
(57,600)
40,000
(64,000)
44,000
(70,400)
48,000
(76,800)
52,000
(83,200)
Odometer
112 Servicing Your Honda
Date
Performed By:
Notes
03/05/23 13:58:14 31MCA630_120
Component Locations
clutch fluid reservoir
front brake fluid reservoir
front brake lever
clutch lever
throttle grip
rear spring pre-load adjuster
fuel fill cap
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Component Locations
rear brake fluid reservoir
front brake caliper
spark plugs
final drive oil filler cap
oil filler cap/dipstick
rear brake caliper
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Component Locations
tool kit/owner’s manual storage
coolant reserve tank
front brake caliper
fuse box
spark plugs
battery
crankcase breather
center stand
side stand
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Tool Kit
The tool kit is located in the left saddlebag.
Some roadside repairs, minor adjustments, and parts replacement can be
performed with the tools contained in the kit.
LEFT SIDE
left saddlebag
tool band
tool kit
spark plug wrench
8 mm open end wrench
10 × 12 mm open end wrench
14 × 17 mm open end wrench
10 × 12 mm box end wrench
14 × 17 mm box end wrench
pliers
screwdriver handle
No. 1 screwdriver
No. 3 screwdriver
5 mm hex wrench
6 mm hex wrench
8 mm box wrench
0.7 mm feeler gauge
tool bag
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Owner’s Manual Storage
Your motorcycle provides storage for the owner’s manual so you’ll have it with
you for easy reference. Store your owner’s manual (and other documents) in the
plastic storage bag in the left saddlebag.
Be careful not to flood this area when washing your motorcycle.
LEFT SIDE
left saddlebag
owner’s manual
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Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Left side shown; right side similar
side cover
engine side cover
cylinder head side cover
front lower cover
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03/05/23 13:59:00 31MCA630_126
Cover Removal
Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
The left side cover must be removed for battery and fuse maintenance.
Failure to use extreme care removing or installing the side covers may damage
the side cover hooks.
Removal
1. Grasp the cover on both sides.
2. Pull out.
Installation
1. Insert the top edge of the side cover under the seat.
2. Position the side cover so the four prongs on the inside of the cover are lined
up above their securing slots.
3. Push the cover in place
LEFT SIDE
side cover
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119
03/05/23 13:59:10 31MCA630_127
Cover Removal
Engine Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
The left engine side cover must be removed for coolant maintenance.
The right engine side cover must be removed for engine oil and rear brake fluid
maintenance.
Failure to use extreme care removing or installing the side covers may damage
the side cover hooks.
Removal
1. Carefully pull the rear of the engine side cover out until the prongs are clear
of their securing slots.
2. Carefully slide the engine side cover to the rear until the hook is clear of the
tab in the hole of the engine side cover.
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.
LEFT SIDE
engine side cover
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03/05/23 13:59:21 31MCA630_128
Cover Removal
Cylinder Head Side Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Both cylinder head side covers must be removed for spark plug maintenance.
The left cylinder head side cover must be removed for crankcase breather
maintenance.
Removal
1. Remove the rubber plugs.
2. Remove the bolts.
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.
LEFT SIDE
cylinder head side cover
bolt
rubber plug
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03/05/23 13:59:29 31MCA630_129
Cover Removal
Front Lower Cover Removal
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Removal
1. Remove the clips.
2. Remove the bolts.
Installation
Installation can be done in the reverse order of removal.
FRONT
clip
bolt
front lower cover
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03/05/23 13:59:40 31MCA630_130
Fuel
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Fuel Recommendation
type
pump octane number
unleaded
86 (or higher)
We recommend that you use unleaded fuel because it produces fewer engine
deposits and extends the life of exhaust system components.
The use of leaded gas will damage the catalytic converter.
Your engine is designed to use any gasoline that has a pump octane number of
86 or higher. Gasoline pumps at service stations normally display the pump
octane number. For information on the use of oxygenated fuels, see page 212 .
Use of lower octane gasoline can cause persistent ‘‘pinging’’ or ‘‘spark knock’’
(a loud rapping noise) which, if severe, can lead to engine damage. Light
pinging experienced while operating under a heavy load, such as climbing a hill,
is no cause for concern.
If pinging or spark knock occurs at a steady engine speed under normal load,
change brands of gasoline. If pinging or spark knock persists, consult your
Honda dealer.
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03/05/23 13:59:51 31MCA630_131
Fuel
Never use stale or contaminated gasoline or an oil/gasoline mixture. Avoid
getting dirt, dust, or water in the fuel tank.
Fuel Capacity
Fuel tank capacity, including reserve:
6.74 US gal (25.5 )
The tank should be refilled as soon as possible when the fuel gauge needle
enters the red band.
Refueling Procedure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
ignition key
fuel fill cap
fuel fill compartment
1. Insert the ignition key in the fuel fill compartment and turn it clockwise.
2. Open the fuel fill compartment.
3. Turn the fuel fill cap counterclockwise and remove it.
124 Servicing Your Honda
03/05/23 13:59:58 31MCA630_132
Fuel
filler neck
4. Add fuel until the level reaches the bottom of the filler neck.
Avoid overfilling the tank. There should be no fuel in the filler neck.
Gasoline is highly flammable
and explosive. You can be
burned or seriously injured
when handling fuel.
Stop the engine and keep
heat, sparks and flame away.
Handle fuel only outdoors.
Wipe up spills immediately.
5. After refueling, be sure to tighten the fuel fill cap firmly by turning it
clockwise until it clicks.
6. Close the fuel fill compartment and turn the ignition key counterclockwise.
7. Remove the key from the fuel fill compartment.
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125
03/05/23 14:00:04 31MCA630_133
Engine Oil & Filter
Engine oil quality is a major factor that affects both the performance and the
service life of the engine.
Using the proper oil (page 127 ) and filter, and regularly checking, adding, and
changing oil will help extend your engine’s life. Even the best oil wears out.
Changing oil helps get rid of dirt and deposits in the engine. Operating the
engine with old or dirty oil can damage your engine. Running the engine with
insufficient oil can cause serious damage to the engine and transmission.
Change the engine oil as specified in the maintenance schedule on page110 .
When running in very dusty conditions, oil changes should be performed more
frequently than specified in the maintenance schedule.
126 Servicing Your Honda
03/05/23 14:00:21 31MCA630_134
Engine Oil & Filter
Oil Recommendation
API classification
viscosity (weight)
JASO T 903 standard
suggested oil*
*
SG or higher except oils labeled as energy
conserving on the circular API service label
SAE 10W-40
MA
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil (USA
& Canada), or Honda 4-stroke oil (Canada
only), or an equivalent motorcycle oil.
Suggested oils are equal in performance to SJ oils that are not labeled as
energy conserving on the circular API service label.
Your motorcycle does not need oil additives. Use the recommended oil.
Do not use oils with graphite or molybdenum additives. They may
adversely affect clutch operation.
Do not use API SH or higher oils displaying a circular API ‘‘energy
conserving’’ service label on the container. They may affect lubrication
and clutch performance.
NOT RECOMMENDED
GOOD
Do not use non-detergent, vegetable, or castor based racing oils.
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127
03/05/23 14:00:28 31MCA630_135
Engine Oil & Filter
Other viscosities shown in the following chart may be used when the average
temperature in your riding area is within the indicated range.
JASO T 903 standard
The JASO T 903 standard is an index to choose engine oils for 4-stroke
motorcycle engines.
There are two classes: MA and MB.
Oil conforming to the standard has the following classification on the oil
container.
(1)
(2)
(1) code number of the sales company of the oil
(2) oil classification
128 Servicing Your Honda
03/05/23 14:00:43 31MCA630_136
Engine Oil & Filter
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
RIGHT SIDE
oil filler cap/dipstick
upper lever mark
lower level mark
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the right engine side cover (page120).
3. Start the engine and let it idle for 3−5 minutes. Make sure the low oil
pressure indicator goes off. If the indicator remains on, stop the engine
immediately.
4. Stop the engine and wait 2−3 minutes.
5. Remove the oil filler cap/dipstick and wipe it clean.
6. Insert the dipstick until it seats, but don’t screw it in.
7. Remove the dipstick and check the oil level.
If the oil is at or near the upper level mark − you do not have to add oil.
If the oil is below or near the lower level mark − add the recommended oil
until it reaches the upper level mark. (Do not overfill.)
8. Reinstall the oil filler cap/dipstick.
9. Reinstall the right engine side cover.
10. Check for oil leaks.
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03/05/23 14:00:57 31MCA630_137
Engine Oil & Filter
Changing Engine Oil & Filter
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Your motorcycle’s oil filter has very specific performance requirements. Use a
new genuine Honda oil filter or a filter of equal quality specified for your model.
Using the wrong oil f ilter may result in leaks or premature engine damage.
This procedure requires mechanical skill and professional tools such as a torque
wrench and oil filter wrench, as well as a means for disposing of the drained
fluid (page 171 ). If you do not have the skills or the tools, see your Honda
dealer.
Drain the Engine Oil:
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.
2. If the engine is cold, start it and let it idle for 3−5 minutes. Turn the engine
off. Wait 2−3 minutes for the oil to settle.
3. Remove the front lower cover (page 122 ).
4. Place a drain pan under the crankcase drain bolt.
5. To drain the oil, remove the oil filler cap/dipstick, crankcase drain bolt, and
sealing washer.
FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
crankcase drain bolt
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03/05/23 14:01:08 31MCA630_138
Engine Oil & Filter
Install a New Oil Filter:
6. Remove the oil filter with a filter wrench and let the remaining oil drain out.
Discard the oil filter in an approved manner (page 171 ).
7. Pour the drained oil into a suitable container and dispose of it in an approved
manner (page 171 ).
Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.
8. Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the rubber seal of a new oil filter.
LEFT FRONT, UNDER ENGINE
rubber
seal
oil filter
oil filter
9. Install the new oil filter and tighten it by hand.
10. Using an oil filter wrench attachment and a torque wrench, tighten the new oil
filter to the specified torque:
19 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.6 kgf·m)
11. Check the condition of the sealing washer on the drain bolt. Replace the
washer every other time the oil is changed.
Install the drain bolt and tighten it to the specified torque:
25 lbf·ft (34 N·m , 3.5 kgf·m)
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Engine Oil & Filter
Add Engine Oil:
12. Fill the crankcase with the recommended oil (page 127 ), approximately:
3.9 US qt (3.7 )
13. Install the oil filler cap/dipstick securely.
14. Start the engine and let it idle for a few minutes.
15. Stop the engine. Wait several minutes.
16. Check that the oil level is at upper level mark on the dipstick (page 129 ).
17. Check that there are no oil leaks.
If a torque wrench is not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as soon as
possible to verify proper assembly.
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03/05/23 14:01:27 31MCA630_140
Coolant
Your motorcycle’s liquid cooling system dissipates engine heat through the
coolant jacket that surrounds the cylinder and cylinder head.
Maintaining the coolant will allow the cooling system to work properly and
prevent freezing, overheating, and corrosion.
Coolant Recommendation
Use Pro Honda HP coolant or an equivalent high quality ethylene glycol
antifreeze containing corrosion protection inhibitors specifically recommended
for use in aluminum engines. Check the antifreeze container label.
Use only distilled water as a part of the coolant solution. Water that is high in
mineral content or salt may be harmful to the aluminum engine.
Using coolant with silicate inhibitors may cause premature wear of water pump
seals or blockage of radiator passages. Using tap water may cause engine
damage.
The factory provides a 50/50 solution of antifreeze and water in this motorcycle.
This coolant solution is recommended for most operating temperatures and
provides good corrosion protection.
Decreasing the concentration of antifreeze to less than 40% will not provide
proper corrosion protection.
Increasing the concentration of antifreeze is not recommended because it
decreases cooling system performance. Higher concentrations of antifreeze (up
to 60%) should only be used to provide additional protection against freezing.
Check the cooling system frequently during freezing weather.
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Coolant
Checking & Adding Coolant
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
LEFT SIDE
reserve tank dipstick
upper level
lower level
1. Remove the left engine side cover (page 120 ).
2. With the engine at normal operating temperature, remove the reserve tank
dipstick and check the coolant level.
If the reserve tank is empty, or if coolant loss is excessive, check for leaks
and see your Honda dealer for repair.
3. Add coolant to the reserve tank as required to bring the coolant level to the
UPPER level mark.
Always add coolant to the reserve tank. Do not attempt to add coolant by
removing the radiator cap.
4. Reinstall the left engine side cover.
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03/05/23 14:01:43 31MCA630_142
Coolant
Coolant Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Coolant should be replaced by your Honda dealer, unless you have the proper
tools and service data and are mechanically qualified. Refer to the official
Honda Service Manual (page 217 ).
Removing the radiator cap while
the engine is hot can cause the
coolant to spray out, seriously
scalding you.
Always let the engine and
radiator cool down before
removing the radiator cap.
To properly dispose of drained coolant, refer to You & the Environment, page
171 .
Improper disposal of drained f luids is harmf ul to the environment.
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Crankcase Breather
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Service the crankcase breather more frequently if your motorcycle is ridden in
the rain or often at full throttle. Service the breather if you can see deposits in
the transparent section of the drain tube.
Draining
LEFT SIDE
crankcase breather tube plug
1. Place a drain pan under the crankcase breather tube plug.
2. Remove the left cylinder head side cover (page121).
3. Remove the plug to drain the deposits in the tube.
4. Reinstall the crankcase breather tube plug.
5. Reinstall the left cylinder head side cover.
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03/05/23 14:02:00 31MCA630_144
Final Drive Oil
Oil Recommendation
type
viscosity (weight)
hypoid gear oil
SAE 80
Checking & Adding Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
RIGHT REAR
oil filler cap
lower edge
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the oil filler cap.
3. Check the oil level. It should be flush with the lower edge of the oil filler hole.
4. If the level is low, check for oil leaks. Add the recommended oil through the
oil filler hole until it reaches the lower edge of the opening.
5. Install the oil filler cap.
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03/05/23 14:02:13 31MCA630_145
Final Drive Oil
Changing Oil
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
RIGHT REAR
oil filler cap
lower edge
drain bolt
Change the oil with the final drive at normal operating temperature to assure
complete and rapid draining.
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.
2. Place a drain pan under the drain bolt.
3. Remove the oil filler cap and the drain bolt.
4. After the oil has completely drained, check that the sealing washer is in good
condition. Reinstall the drain bolt with its sealing washer (or a new washer, if
necessary) and tighten it to the specified torque:
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
5. Fill the final drive with the recommended oil:
4.1 US oz (120 cm )
Make sure the final drive oil level is at the lower edge of the oil filler
inspection hole.
6. Install the oil filler cap.
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Clutch System
Your motorcycle has a hydraulically-actuated clutch. There are no adjustments
to perform, but the clutch system must be inspected periodically for fluid level
and leakage.
If control lever freeplay becomes excessive and the motorcycle creeps or stalls
when shifted into gear, or if the clutch slips, causing acceleration to lag behind
engine speed, there is probably air in the clutch system. See your Honda dealer
to have the air bled out of the system.
Clutch Lever Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
The distance between the tip of the clutch lever and the grip may be adjusted.
LEFT HANDLEBAR
adjuster dial
clutch lever
index mark
1. Turn the adjuster dial while pushing the clutch lever forward.
2. Align the index mark on the clutch lever with the numbers on the adjuster dial.
3. Start the engine, pull the clutch lever in, and shift into gear. Make sure the
engine does not stall and the motorcycle does not creep. Gradually release the
clutch lever and open the throttle. Your motorcycle should move smoothly
and accelerate gradually.
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Clutch System
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
LEFT HANDLEBAR
LOWER level mark
Check that the fluid level is above the LOWER level mark. If the fluid level is
below the LOWER level mark, it indicates fluid leakage. See your Honda dealer
for repair.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the hose and fittings.
Check that the clutch lever assembly is positioned properly and the securing
bolts are tight.
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Spark Plugs
Spark Plug Recommendation
standard spark
plug
for cold climate
(below 5°C, 41°F)
for extended high
speed riding
BKR6E-11 (NGK) or K20PR-U11 (DENSO)
BKR5E-11 (NGK) or K16PR-U11 (DENSO)
BKR7E-11 (NGK) or K22PR-U11 (DENSO)
Use only the recommended type of spark plugs in the recommended heat range.
Using spark plugs with an improper heat range can cause engine damage.
Spark Plug Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
1. Remove the left and right cylinder head side cover (page121).
2. Clean any dirt from around the spark plug bases.
3. Disconnect the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid damaging the spark plug
wire when disconnecting the caps.
4. Using the spark plug wrench provided in the tool kit, remove the spark plugs.
spark plug wrench
spark plug cap
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Spark Plugs
5. With the plug washers attached, thread the spark plugs in by hand to prevent
cross-threading.
6. Tighten each spark plug:
1/8-1/4 turn after it seats (if the old plug is good)
1/2 turn after it seats (if installing a new plug)
Improperly tightened spark plugs can damage the engine. If a plug is too loose,
a piston may be damaged. If a plug is too tight, the threads may be damaged.
7. Reinstall the spark plug caps. Take care to avoid pinching any cables or wires.
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Suspension
Your front and rear suspension systems use springs and hydraulic damping
devices that suspend your weight and most of the weight of your motorcycle.
The spring pre-load for your rear suspension system adjusts the amount of force
required to begin compression of the spring.
The oil damper systems hydraulically control the natural compression and
rebound of the suspension springs so that traction and comfort are maintained as
the wheels ride over road surfaces.
Consider adjusting your rear suspension pre-load whenever you change your
normal load, by adding or subtracting a passenger, cargo, or accessories, or
when the road or riding conditions change.
The way you ride your motorcycle and the type of ride you want to experience
can also influence your suspension needs.
Lower spring pre-load provides a softer ride and is usually preferred for light
loads and smooth roads. Higher spring pre-load provides a firmer ride and is
recommended for heavy loads, rough road conditions, and faster, more
challenging riding.
Rear Suspension Adjustment
The rear suspension can be adjusted for rider (and passenger) weight and riding
conditions by changing the spring pre-load.
Do not attempt to disassemble, service, or dispose of the damper; see your
Honda dealer. The instructions found in this owner’s manual are limited to
adjustments of the shock assembly only.
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Suspension
Rear Suspension Spring Pre-load
Rear spring pre-load can be easily increased or decreased using the rear spring
pre-load switch on the left front fairing. Then you can comfirm the pre-load
position with the multi-display.
This electric rear spring pre-load adjustment system functions only when the
ignition switch is ON or ACC, your motorcycle is stopped, and the transmission
is in neutral. (When the reverse indicator is ON, the system will not function.)
The spring pre-load system has 26 positions (from 0 to 25) for different road or
riding conditions. (Standard position is 0.)
Adjustment
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface. To prevent
discharging the battery, make sure the audio system and other electrical
accessories are off.
2. Turn the ignition switch to ON or ACC.
3. Push the DOWN or UP side of rear spring pre-load adjustment switch until
the desired pre-load is reached.
To increase (HIGH)
MEMO button
To decrease (LOW)
rear spring pre-load adjustment switch
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Suspension
Storing Pre-load Into the Memory
You may store two selected adjustments in ‘‘MEMO 1’’ or ‘‘MEMO 2’’.
1. Adjust the pre-load to the desired position.
2. Push and hold the MEMO 1 or MEMO 2 button until ‘‘STORE MEMO 1’’ or
‘‘STORE MEMO 2’’ blinks in the multi-display. When the blinking stops, the
current position is stored in memory.
Storing
Stored
Selecting the Memorized Position
Push the MEMO (1 or 2) button to select the memorized position. ‘‘CALL
MEMO 1’’ or ‘‘CALL MEMO 2’’ will blink. When the position is selected,
‘‘MEMO 1’’ or ‘‘MEMO 2’’ will turn on.
Calling
Called
Pushing the rear spring pre-load switch or the MEMO (1 or 2) button while
selecting a memorized position will cancel the calling procedure.
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Suspension
Each MEMO button stores only one pre-load position. Storing a new position
erases the previous setting stored in that button’s memory. If you want to add a
new position while retaining the current one, use the other memory button.
All stored pre-load positions will be lost if your motorcycle’s battery goes dead
or is disconnected.
When ‘‘SUS ADJ ERROR’’ blinks on the display, contact your Honda dealer.
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Brakes
The hydraulic braking systems on your motorcycle dissipate the heat generated
by the friction of the brake pads on the brake discs as the wheels are slowed.
As the brake pads wear, the brake fluid level will drop. A leak in the system will
also cause the level to drop.
Frequently inspect the system to ensure there are no fluid leaks. Periodically
inspect the brake fluid level and the brake pads for wear.
If the brake lever or brake pedal freeplay does not feel within the normal range
while riding, check the brake pads for wear (page 150 ). Worn pads should be
replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the recommended limit, there is
probably air in the brake system. See your Honda dealer to have the air bled
from the system.
Front Brake Lever Adjustment
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
The distance between the tip of the brake lever and the grip may be adjusted.
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
adjuster dial
brake lever
index mark
1. Turn the adjuster dial while pushing the brake lever forward.
2. Align the index mark on the brake lever with the numbers on the adjuster dial.
3. Apply the brake, release it, then spin the wheel and check that it rotates freely.
Repeat this procedure several times.
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Brakes
Brake Fluid Recommendation
brake fluid
Honda DOT 4 Brake Fluid
The recommended brake fluid is Honda DOT 4 Brake Fluid, or any brake fluid
of equal quality and performance. Use fresh brake fluid from a sealed container.
Be sure to read the label before opening the sealed container. An opened
container may be contaminated or may have absorbed moisture from the air.
Fluid Level Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
If your inspection indicates a low fluid level, have your Honda dealer add the
recommended brake fluid.
Do not add or replace brake fluid, except in an emergency. If you do add fluid,
have your Honda dealer check the system as soon as possible.
Brake f luid can damage plastic and painted surf aces. Handle with care.
Wipe up spills immediately. Avoid contact with skin or eyes. In case of contact,
wash thoroughly and call a doctor immediately if it contacts your eyes.
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Brakes
RIGHT HANDLEBAR
(Front Brake)
LOWER level mark
RIGHT SIDE
(Rear Brake)
UPPER level mark
LOWER level mark
1. Place your motorcycle in an upright position on a firm, level surface.
2. Check the fluid level.
Front: It should be above the LOWER level mark.
Rear: It should be between the UPPER and LOWER level marks.
If the level is at or below the LOWER level mark, check the brake pads for
wear.
Worn pads should be replaced. If the pads are not worn beyond the
recommended limit, have your brake system inspected for leaks.
Other Inspections
Make sure there are no fluid leaks.
Check for deterioration or cracks in the hoses and fittings.
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Brakes
Brake Pad Wear
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Brake pad wear depends upon the severity of usage, the type of riding, and road
conditions. Generally, the pads will wear faster on wet and dirty roads. Inspect
the pads at each regular maintenance interval (page 111 ).
Front Brake
LEFT FRONT (right side similar)
grooves
Always inspect both pads in both the right and left front brake calipers.
Check the grooves in each pad. If either pad is worn to the bottom of the
grooves, replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.
Rear Brake
RIGHT REAR
cutouts
Check the cutouts in each pad. If either pad is worn to the bottom of the cutouts,
replace both pads as a set. See your Honda dealer for this service.
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Brakes
Brake System Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
1. Place the motorcycle on its center stand, stop the engine, and place the
transmission in neutral.
2. Move the left caliper assembly upward while slowly rotating the rear wheel.
The brake system is normal if the rear wheel stops. If the rear wheel does not
stop, see your Honda dealer.
LEFT FRONT
brake caliper
LEFT REAR
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Tires
To safely operate your motorcycle, your tires must be the proper type and size,
in good condition with adequate tread, and correctly inflated for the load you are
carrying.
Using tires that are excessively
worn or improperly inflated
can cause a crash in which you
can be seriously hurt or killed.
Follow all instructions in this
owner’s manual regarding tire
inflation and maintenance.
The following pages give detailed information on how and when to check your
air pressure, how to inspect your tires for wear and damage, and our
recommendations for tire repair and replacement.
Air Pressure
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Properly inflated tires provide the best combination of handling, tread life, and
riding comfort. Generally, underinflated tires wear unevenly, adversely affect
handling, and are more likely to fail from being overheated. Overinflated tires
make your motorcycle ride more harshly, are more prone to damage from road
hazards, and wear unevenly.
We recommend that you visually check your tires before every ride and use an
air pressure gauge to measure the air pressure at least once a month or any time
you think the tires might be low. Even tires that are in good condition may lose
one to two psi per month if not checked and adjusted regularly.
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Tires
Tubeless tires have some degree of self-sealing ability if they are punctured.
However, because leakage is often very slow, you should look closely for
punctures whenever a tire is not fully inflated.
Always check air pressure when your tires are ‘‘cold’’ –– after the motorcycle
has been parked for at least three hours. If you check air pressure when your
tires are ‘‘warm’’ –– even if your motorcycle has only been ridden for a few
miles –– the readings will be higher. If you let air out of warm tires to match the
recommended cold pressures, the tires will be underinflated.
The recommended ‘‘cold’’ tire pressures are:
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
41 psi (280 kPa , 2.80 kgf/cm )
front
rear
Inspection
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Whenever you check the tire pressures, you should also look for:
Bumps or bulges in the side of the tire or the tread. Replace any tire that has a
bump or bulge.
Cuts, slits, or cracks in the tires.
Replace the tire if you can see fabric or cord.
Nails or other foreign objects embedded in the side of the tire or tread.
Excessive tread wear.
wear indicator
wear indicator location
mark
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Tires
Also, if you hit a pothole or hard object while riding, pull to the side of the road
as soon as you safely can and carefully inspect the tires for damage.
For the best performance, you should replace a tire before the tread depth at the
center reaches the following limits:
front
rear
0.06 in (1.5 mm)
0.08 in (2.0 mm)
If the wear indicators are visible, replace the tire immediately as it is no longer
safe.
Tire Repair
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
We strongly recommend that you replace, not repair, any tire that is punctured or
damaged. As discussed below, a tire that is repaired, either temporarily or
permanently, will have lower speed and performance limits than a new or
undamaged tire.
A temporary repair can sometimes be made in an emergency situation.
However, since a temporary repair may not hold, you must ride very slowly,
preferably without any cargo or passenger, and have the tire replaced or
permanently repaired as soon as possible.
(For more information on temporary repairs, see If You Have a Flat Tire, page
178 .)
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Tires
A permanent repair, such as an internal plug patch, can be made if a tire has only
a small puncture in the tread area. With such a repair, you should not exceed
50 mph (80 km/h) for the first 24 hours, or 80 mph (130 km/h) at any time
thereafter. In addition, you may not be able to safely carry as much weight. If
you choose to have a tire repaired, be sure the repair work is performed by a
professional and that the wheel is balanced before you ride.
If you have a tire professionally repaired at a non-Honda facility, we
recommend that you have the work checked by your Honda dealer.
Tire Replacement
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
The tires that came on your motorcycle were designed to match the performance
capabilities of your motorcycle and provide the best combination of handling,
braking, durability, and comfort.
You should replace the tires with tires of the same size, load range, and speed
rating as the originals.
Installing improper tires on your
motorcycle can affect handling
and stability. This can cause a
crash in which you can be
seriously hurt or killed.
Always use the size and type of
tires recommended in this
owner’s manual.
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Tires
The recommended tires for your motorcycle are:
front
rear
DUNLOP D250F
BRIDGESTONE G709 RADIAL
DUNLOP D250
BRIDGESTONE G704 RADIAL
130/70 R18M/C 63H
180/60 R16M/C 74H
Whenever you replace a tire, remember:
Have the wheel balanced after the tire is installed.
Have the tire replaced by your Honda dealer if possible.
If you have a tire professionally replaced at a non-Honda facility, we
recommend that you have the work checked by your Honda dealer.
Important Safety Reminders
Do not install a tube inside a tubeless tire on this motorcycle. Excessive heat
build-up can cause the tube to burst.
Use only tubeless tires on this motorcycle. The rims are designed for tubeless
tires, and during hard acceleration or braking, a tube-type tire could slip on
the rim and cause the tire to rapidly deflate.
Do not install a bias-ply tire on this motorcycle. Mixing bias-ply and radial
tires can adversely affect handling and stability.
Do not install car tires on this motorcycle. During installation the tire may
separate from the rim with enough force to cause serious injury or death.
When replacing tires, use only the recommended tires as shown above and on
the tire information label. Use of other tires on the model equipped with ABS
may impair proper ABS function. The ABS computer works by comparing
wheel speed.
Non-recommended tires can affect wheel speed and may confuse the ABS
computer.
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Side Stand
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
LEFT SIDE
spring
Check that the side stand assembly is working properly. If the side stand is
stiff or squeaky, clean the pivot area and lubricate the pivot bolt with clean
grease.
Check the spring for damage or loss of tension.
Check the side stand ignition cut-off system:
1. Sit astride the motorcycle and put the transmission in neutral.
2. Raise the side stand.
3. Start the engine.
4. Pull the clutch lever in.
5. Shift the transmission into gear.
6. Lower the side stand all the way.
The engine should stop as you lower the side stand. If the engine doesn’t stop,
see your Honda dealer for service.
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Battery
Your motorcycle has a maintenance-free type battery. You do not have to check
the battery electrolyte level or add distilled water as you would with a
conventional-type battery.
Your battery is a maintenance-f ree type and can be permanently damaged if
the cap strip is removed.
Electrical accessories use current from the battery –– even when the ignition is
OFF. Limited operation also allows the battery to discharge. If you have
electrical accessories on your motorcycle –– or do not ride frequently, we
recommend that you charge the battery frequently (see Battery Charging, page
161 ).
If you do not expect to ride your motorcycle for at least two weeks, we
recommend you remove the battery –– or at least disconnect the battery cables
(negative cable first).
If you plan to store your motorcycle, see Battery Storage, page 159 .
If your battery seems weak and/or is leaking electrolyte (causing slow starting or
other electrical problems), see your Honda dealer.
WARNING: Battery posts, terminals and related accessories contain lead and
lead compounds. Wash hands after handling.
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Battery
Battery Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
If you plan to store your motorcycle, we recommend you remove the battery and
store it where it can be charged at least every 30 days to maintain its service life.
If you do not remove the battery, we recommend disconnecting the battery
cables (negative cable first).
You will get the best storage results from removing the battery and slow
(trickle) charging it every 30 days (see Battery Charging, page 161 ).
Before you remove the battery, be sure to read all the information that follows,
as well as the information on the battery label.
The battery gives off explosive
hydrogen gas during normal
operation.
A spark or flame can cause the
battery to explode with enough
force to kill or seriously hurt you.
Wear protective clothing and a
face shield, or have a skilled
mechanic do the battery
maintenance.
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Battery
The battery is located in the battery box behind the left side cover.
1. Remove the left side cover (page119 ).
2. Remove the clip and battery plate.
3. Disconnect the negative (−) terminal lead from the battery first.
4. Remove the bolt and open the battery holder.
5. Disconnect the positive (+) terminal lead.
6. Pull the battery out of the battery box.
Be careful to avoid damaging the cover under the battery box when you
remove the battery.
7. Charge the battery (see following section), unless you have been riding
regularly.
8. Store your battery in an easy-to-reach location off the floor, in an area
protected from freezing temperatures and direct sunlight.
9. Clean the battery box after removing the battery for storage. Dry the battery
box and, if paint is missing, re-paint the area.
10. Slow charge the battery (see following section) once every 30 days.
LEFT SIDE
negative (−) terminal lead
positive (+) terminal lead
battery plate
clip
battery box
battery holder
cover
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Battery
Battery Charging
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Be sure to read the information that came with your battery charger and follow
the instructions on the battery. Improper charging may damage the battery.
We recommend using a ‘‘trickle’’ charger for home charging. These units can
be left connected for long periods without risking damage to the battery.
However, do not intentionally leave the charger connected longer than the time
period recommended in the charger’s instructions.
Avoid using an automotive-type battery charger. An automotive charger can
overheat a motorcycle battery and cause permanent damage.
‘‘trickle’’ charger
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Appearance Care
Frequent cleaning and polishing will keep your Honda looking newer longer.
Frequent cleaning also identifies you as an owner who values your motorcycle.
A clean motorcycle is also easier to inspect and service.
General Recommendations
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
To clean your motorcycle, you may use:
−water
−a mild, neutral detergent and water
−a mild spray and wipe cleaner/polisher
−a mild spray and rinse cleaner/degreaser and water
Avoid products that contain harsh detergents or chemical solvents that could
damage the metal, paint, and plastic on your motorcycle.
If your motorcycle is still warm from recent operation, give the engine and
exhaust system time to cool off.
Park in a shady area. Washing your motorcycle in bright sunlight may cause
the finish to fade because water droplets intensify the sun’s brightness.
Spotting is also more likely because surface water can dry before you have
time to wipe it off.
Clean your motorcycle regularly to protect surface finishes.
We recommend the use of a garden hose to wash your motorcycle. High
pressure washers (like those at coin-operated car washes) can damage certain
parts of your motorcycle.
The audio system is designed to be weatherproof unless it is sprayed directly
with hose.
High pressure water (or air) can damage certain parts of your motorcycle.
After cleaning, inspect for damage, wear, and leaks (fuel, oil, coolant, brake,
and clutch fluid).
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Appearance Care
Washing Your Motorcycle with a Mild Detergent
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
1. Rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with cool water to remove loose dirt.
2. Fill a bucket with cool water. Mix in a mild, neutral detergent, such as dish
washing liquid or a product made especially for washing motorcycles or
automobiles.
3. Wash your motorcycle with a sponge or a soft towel. As you wash, check for
heavy grime. If necessary, use a mild cleaner/degreaser to remove the grime.
If the inside of the headlight lens appears clouded immediately after washing,
it should clear after a few minutes of riding.
4. After washing, rinse your motorcycle thoroughly with plenty of clean water
to remove any residue. Detergent residue can corrode alloy parts.
5. Dry your motorcycle with a chamois or a soft towel. Leaving water on the
surface to air dry can cause dulling and water spots. As you dry, inspect for
chips and scratches.
6. Start the engine and let it idle for several minutes. The engine heat will help
dry moist areas.
7. As a precaution, ride your motorcycle at a slow speed and apply the brakes
several times. This will help dry the brakes and restore normal braking
performance.
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Appearance Care
Cleaning Your Windshield
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Using plenty of water, clean the windshield with a soft cloth or sponge. (Avoid
using detergents or any kind of chemical cleaner on the windshield.) Dry with a
soft, clean cloth.
To avoid possible scratching or other damage, use only water and a sof t cloth
or sponge to clean the windshield.
For a dirtier windshield, use a diluted neutral detergent with a sponge and plenty
of water. Make sure to wash off all the detergent. (Detergent residue may cause
windshield cracks.)
Replace the windshield if scratches cannot be removed and they obstruct clear
vision.
Take care to keep battery electrolyte, brake fluid, or other chemical solvents off
the windshield and screen garnish. They will damage the plastic.
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Appearance Care
Spray Cleaning Your Motorcycle
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Avoid using spray cleaner products on the tires or suspension components.
Suggestions for using spray cleaner(s) follow:
Motorcycle Condition
General cleaning.
Polishing paint,
chrome, glass, and
clear plastic. Dust.
Fingerprint smudges.
Light road grime.
Heavy grime. Oil leaks.
Brake dust.
Dull, corroded chrome
or aluminum.
Recommended Cleaning
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe
with a non-abrasive cloth.
Spray any difficult-to-reach or very dirty
areas with a spray cleaner/degreaser.
Rinse and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe
with a non-abrasive cloth.
Use a spray cleaner/degreaser.
If necessary, rub with a sponge. Rinse
and dry.
Apply a spray cleaner/polish and wipe
with a non-abrasive cloth.
Apply a high quality chrome/aluminum
polish and wipe with a non-abrasive cloth.
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Appearance Care
Aluminum Wheel Maintenance
Aluminum may corrode from contact with dirt, mud, or road salt. Clean the
wheels after riding through any of these substances. Use a wet sponge and mild
detergent, or a commercially-available spray cleaner/degreaser designed for use
on aluminum. Avoid stiff brushes, steel wool, or cleaners containing abrasives
or harsh chemical compounds.
After washing, rinse with plenty of water and dry with a clean cloth. Then apply
a mild, commercially-available spray cleaner/polish or wax.
For stained or dull-looking wheels, use a quality chrome/aluminum polish to
restore the finish.
After you finish cleaning the wheels, it’s important to check for and remove any
cleaner or polish residue found on the brake discs or pads. Use Honda Contact/
Brake Cleaner or an equivalent brake degreasing agent.
Finishing Touches
After washing your motorcycle, consider using a commercially-available spray
cleaner/polish or quality liquid or paste wax to finish the job. Use only a nonabrasive polish or wax made specifically for motorcycles or automobiles. Apply
the polish or wax according to the instructions on the container.
If a surface on your motorcycle is chipped or scratched, your Honda dealer has
touch-up paint to match your motorcycle’s color. Be sure to use your
motorcycle’s color code (page 199 ) when you buy touch-up paint.
If the frame has a chip that exposes the metal, first apply primer (to prevent
corrosion) and then apply the touch-up paint. Several thin layers of touch-up
paint are better than one thick coat.
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Tips
Here’s a few helpful tips on how to store and transport your Honda, and how to
be an environmentally responsible motorcycle owner.
Storing Your Honda ........................................................................................... 168
Transporting Your Motorcycle .......................................................................... 170
You & the Environment ..................................................................................... 171
Tips
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Storing Your Honda
If you won’t be riding for an extended period, such as during the winter,
thoroughly inspect your motorcycle and correct any problem before storing it.
That way, needed repairs won’t be forgotten and it will be easier to get your
motorcycle running again.
For more information about storage, refer to the Honda Motorcycle Winter
Storage Guide, available from your Honda dealer (USA only).
We suggest you perform the following procedures to keep your motorcycle in
top condition. These storage procedures will reduce the deterioration that can
occur during storage.
Preparation for Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
This procedure requires a means for draining and disposing of drained fuel
(page 171 ).
1. Change the engine oil and filter (page 126 ).
2. Make sure the cooling system is filled with a 50/50% antifreeze solution
(page 133 ).
3. Fill the fuel tank. Make sure the fuel fill cap is properly installed.
4. To prevent rusting in the cylinders, perform the following:
Remove the spark plug caps from the spark plugs. Using tape or string,
secure the caps to any convenient plastic body part so that they are
positioned away from the spark plugs.
Remove the spark plugs from the engine and store them in a safe place. Do
not connect the spark plugs to the spark plug caps.
168 Tips
03/05/23 14:07:22 31MCA630_176
Storing Your Honda
Pour a tablespoon (15−20 cc) of clean engine oil into each cylinder and
cover the spark plug holes with a piece of cloth.
With the engine stop switch in the RUN position, press the start button
several times to crank the engine and distribute the oil.
Reinstall the spark plugs and spark plug caps.
5. Remove the battery and charge it fully. Store it in an area protected from
freezing temperatures and direct sunlight. Slow charge the battery (page
161 ) once a month.
6. Wash and dry your motorcycle. Wax all painted surfaces. Apply rustinhibiting oil to the chrome pieces.
7. Inflate the tires to their recommended pressures (page 153 ).
8. Store your motorcycle in an unheated area, free of dampness, away from
sunlight, with a minimum of daily temperature variation.
9. Cover your motorcycle with a porous material. Avoid using plastic or similar
non-breathing, coated materials that restrict air flow and allow heat and
moisture to accumulate.
Removal from Storage
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
1. Uncover and clean your motorcycle.
2. If your motorcycle has been stored for more than four months –– change the
engine oil (page 130 ).
3. If your motorcycle has been stored for more than two months –– ask your
Honda dealer to drain and replace the fuel.
4. Charge the battery (page 161 ) as required. Install the battery.
5. Perform a pre-ride inspection (page 41 ), then test-ride your motorcycle at
low speeds.
Tips
169
03/05/23 14:07:26 31MCA630_177
Transporting Your Motorcycle
If your motorcycle needs to be transported, it should be carried on a motorcycle
trailer, or a truck or trailer with a flatbed area. For information about 24-hour
emergency assistance, see page 223 (USA only). Do not tow your motorcycle,
as towing can seriously damage the transmission.
When contacting a towing or transporting service, be sure to ask if they have a
flatbed area, a loading ramp or power ramp to safely lift the motorcycle, and
motorcycle tie-down straps.
170 Tips
03/05/23 14:07:31 31MCA630_178
You & the Environment
Owning and riding a motorcycle can be enjoyable, but you must do your part to
protect nature.
Following are tips on how you can be an environmentally-responsible
motorcycle owner.
Choose Sensible Cleaners. Use a biodegradable detergent when you wash
your motorcycle. Avoid aerosol spray cleaners that contain
chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs) which damage the atmosphere’s protective ozone
layer. Don’t throw cleaning solvents away; see the following guidelines for
proper disposal.
Recycle Wastes. It’s illegal and thoughtless to put used engine oil in the trash,
down a drain, or on the ground. Used oil, gasoline, coolant, and cleaning
solvents contain poisons that can hurt refuse workers and contaminate our
drinking water, lakes, rivers, and oceans. Before changing your oil, make sure
you have the proper containers. Put oil and other toxic wastes in separate
sealed containers and take them to a recycling center. Call your local or state
office of public works or environmental services to find a recycling center in
your area, and to get instructions on how to dispose of non-recyclable wastes.
Tips
171
03/05/23 14:07:33 31MCA630_179
172 Tips
03/05/23 14:07:39 31MCA630_180
Taking Care of the Unexpected
This section discusses the more common problems that can occur with your
motorcycle while you’re riding. It tells you how to evaluate each problem and
what actions you can take to try to resume riding. If the problem cannot be
safely solved, this section also gives instructions on the proper way to have your
motorcycle transported.
For information about transporting your motorcycle, see page 170 .
General Guidelines ............................................................................................. 174
If Your Engine Quits or Won’ t Start ................................................................ 175
If You Have a Flat Tire ...................................................................................... 178
If Your Engine Overheats .................................................................................. 188
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights ........................................................... 190
If a Fuse Blows ................................................................................................... 191
If You Crash ....................................................................................................... 194
If You Lose Your Key ....................................................................................... 195
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ...................................................................... 196
Taking Care of the Unexpected
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Taking Care of the Unexpected
General Guidelines
Keeping your motorcycle well-maintained is the best way to reduce the
possibility of having a problem on the road. However, since problems can arise
even with well-maintained machines, you may consider subscribing to an
emergency roadside service plan. (USA only: For information about the Honda
Rider’s Club of America, see page 223 .)
Remember to take along your owner’s manual, the tool kit that came with your
motorcycle, and any other items (such as tire repair supplies and additional
tools) that might help you solve a problem on your own.
Should you ever have a problem while riding, please follow these guidelines:
Always put personal safety first.
Take time to assess the situation and your options before deciding what to do.
If the problem is relatively minor and you have the tools, supplies, and skills
to make a temporary repair, be sure to have permanent repairs made as soon
as possible.
Do not continue riding if you are hurt or your motorcycle is not in safe riding
condition.
Additional recommendations for specific problems follow.
174 Taking Care of the Unexpected
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If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
Proper operation and maintenance can prevent starting and engine performance
problems. In many cases, the cause of the problem may be a simple operational
oversight.
If you have a problem starting the engine−or experience poor engine
performance−the following information may help you. If you can’t correct the
problem, see your Honda dealer.
If your motorcycle won’t start, listen as you press the start button. If you don’t
hear the starter motor turning, refer to the Starter motor doesn’t operate
symptom. If you can hear the starter motor working normally, refer to the
Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start symptom.
SYMPTOM: Starter motor doesn’t operate.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
ignition switch OFF
Turn the ignition switch ON.
engine stop switch OFF
Turn the engine stop switch to RUN.
transmission not in neutral
Shift into neutral.
reverse (RVS) switch ON
Push the reverse (RVS) switch to the
OFF position.
side stand down (when
Raise the side stand. Put the
transmission not in neutral)
transmission in neutral, pull the clutch
lever in, or raise the side stand.
blown fuse
Replace with a new fuse of the same
rating (page 191 ).
battery lead loose
Tighten the battery lead.
Charge the battery (page 161 ). If
charging doesn’t help, see your Honda
dealer.
faulty starter motor
If all possible causes are negative, the
starter motor may be faulty. See your
Honda dealer.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
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03/05/23 14:08:22 31MCA630_183
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Starter motor works, but the engine won’t start.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
out of fuel
Fill the fuel tank.
flooded engine
See F looded Engine (page 62 ).
loose or unconnected
Install the spark plug caps securely. If
spark plug caps
the engine still won’t start, see your
Honda dealer.
loose battery cables
Tighten the battery terminal bolts.
Charge the battery (page 161 ). If
weak battery
charging doesn’t help, see your Honda
dealer.
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but stalls as you shift into gear.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
side stand down
Raise the side stand. Start again.
176 Taking Care of the Unexpected
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If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start
SYMPTOM: Engine starts, but runs poorly.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
WHAT TO DO
See your Honda dealer.
idles roughly, too fast,
stalls
Check the coolant temperature gauge.
overheating
Refer to If Y our Engine Overheats,
page 188 .
Check the low oil pressure indicator.
low oil pressure
Refer to If the Low Oil Pressure
Indicator Lights, page 190 .
See your Honda dealer.
runs erratically, misfires
See your Honda dealer.
blubbers (rich fuel
mixture)
See your Honda dealer.
sooty exhaust (rich fuel
mixture)
If applicable, switch to the recommended
detonates or pings under
octane gasoline (page 123 ) or change
load
your brand of gasoline. If the problem
persists, see your Honda dealer.
afterfires (backfires)
See your Honda dealer.
pre-ignition (runs on after
See your Honda dealer.
ignition switched OFF)
Taking Care of the Unexpected
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03/05/23 14:08:48 31MCA630_185
If You Have a Flat Tire
A flat tire is always unwelcome, especially if you are far from help. If you think
you are losing air, or you hit a pothole or hard object, pull safely to the side of
the road so you can inspect the tires and assess the situation. (Be sure to park on
a firm, level surface and use the center stand for support.) You should examine
the tire treads and sidewalls for foreign objects or damage. If you find a tire that
has been punctured or damaged, you have two options.
Option 1:
Have Your Motorcycle Transported
If a tire has a major puncture or a cut in the tread or sidewall, or the bead has
come loose from the rim, there is probably not much you can do except have
your motorcycle transported to a Honda dealer or other qualified service facility.
(USA only: For information about 24-hour emergency roadside assistance, see
page 223 .) Even with a simple puncture, this may be the safest and least
troublesome solution. For transporting instructions, see page 170 .
Option 2:
Make a Temporary Roadside Repair
If a tire has only a minor nail puncture and is not completely flat, you may be
able to make an emergency repair that could allow you to continue riding to
where you can get the tire replaced or permanently repaired.
Riding your motorcycle with a
temporary tire repair can be
risky. If the temporary repair
fails, you can crash and be
seriously injured or killed.
If you must ride with a
temporary tire repair, ride slowly
and carefully and do not exceed
30 mph (50 km/h) until the tire is
permanently repaired or
replaced.
178 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:08:56 31MCA630_186
If You Have a Flat Tire
Due to the uncertainty of any temporary repair, you should ride slowly (not over
30 mph, 50 km/h) and carefully (preferably without a passenger or cargo) until
the tire is replaced or permanently repaired. Stop frequently and check the air
pressure. If the tire is losing pressure, it may be unsafe to continue riding. As the
tire gets low, it will affect the handling of your motorcycle (especially with a
passenger and cargo) and it may overheat and blow out.
Types of Temporary Repairs
The following types of temporary repairs generally require a source of air to
inflate the tire. Possible sources include CO2 cartridges or cans of compressed
air designed to inflate a tire.
Inflate the tire: Tubeless tires have some self-sealing ability if they are
punctured and the result is usually just a slow leak. If this is the case, you can
try inflating the tire to see if it will hold air pressure. If you can see a nail or
other object embedded in the tire tread, do not remove it at this time.
Plug the hole: The idea here is to do something to temporarily stop the leak.
If you have a tubeless tire repair kit, you can pull out the nail and try inserting
an external plug in the puncture. Follow the instructions that came with the
repair kit and be sure to inflate the tire to the correct pressure.
Should You Repair or Replace a Tire?
We strongly recommend that you replace, not permanently repair, any tire that is
punctured or damaged, even if the tire has only a minor puncture. For a full
discussion of repairs and replacement, see page 154 .
Taking Care of the Unexpected
179
03/05/23 14:09:07 31MCA630_187
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Front Wheel Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.
1. Park your motorcycle on a firm, level surface.
2. Raise the front wheel off the ground by placing a support block under the
engine, being careful to avoid contact with the exhaust pipe and front lower
cover.
3. Remove the parts in sequence, according to the order in the illustration.
When removing and installing the wheel, be careful not to damage the
sensor and pulser ring (Model equipped with ABS).
To avoid damage to the brake hose during removal, support the caliper
assembly so that it doesn’t hang from the hose. Do not twist the brake hose.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
Avoid depressing the brake pedal when the wheel is off the motorcycle.
This will force the caliper pistons out of the cylinders. The result will be a
loss of brake fluid. If this occurs, the brake system will require service.
See your Honda dealer for this service.
180 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:09:14 31MCA630_188
If You Have a Flat Tire
For related torque specifications, see page 183 . Cover both sides of the front
wheel with protective tape or an equivalent.
The numbers indicate the disassembly sequence.
protective tape
Taking Care of the Unexpected
181
03/05/23 14:09:22 31MCA630_189
If You Have a Flat Tire
(For model equipped with ABS)
182 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 15:41:55 31MCA630_190
If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Reassemble the removed parts in the reverse order of removal.
Position the wheel between the fork legs and insert the front axle shaft
from the left side, through the left fork leg and wheel hub.
Align the index line of the axle shaft with the recessed surface of the fork
leg.
recessed surtace
front axle
shaft
index line
Fit the brake disc carefully between the brake pads to avoid damaging the
pads.
2. Install the bolts and tighten to the specified torque:
axle bolt:
43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
right caliper fixing bolts:
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
left caliper socket bolts:
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
3. Measure the clearance between the brake disc and the caliper holder on each
side with a 0.028 in (0.7 mm) feeler gauge.
If the feeler gauge inserts easily, remove it and tighten the axle pinch bolts
to the specified torque:
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
If the feeler gauge cannot be inserted easily, loosen the left axle pinch bolt
and pull the left fork outward or push inward to adjust the clearance. Then
tighten the axle pinch bolts to the specified torque.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
183
03/05/23 14:09:40 31MCA630_191
If You Have a Flat Tire
Failure to provide adequate disc-to-caliper holder clearance may damage the
brake discs and impair braking efficiency.
feeler gauge
184 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:09:49 31MCA630_192
If You Have a Flat Tire
4. After installing the wheel, apply the brake lever AND brake pedal several
times, then recheck both discs for caliper holder to disc clearance. Do not
operate the motorcycle without adequate clearance.
Check for free wheel rotation after the brake lever and brake pedal are
released. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or if the wheel does not
rotate freely.
After installing the wheel, operate the brake lever AND brake pedal several
times until you feel pressure. You must restore pressure from BOTH the
lever AND the pedal because this motorcycle is equipped with a Linked
Braking System.
Verify proper brake operation before riding.
5. Remove the protective tapes from the front wheel.
If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper assembly. Improper assembly may lead to
loss of braking capability.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
185
03/05/23 14:09:58 31MCA630_193
If You Have a Flat Tire
Emergency Rear Wheel Removal/Installation
Refer to Saf ety Precautions on page 106 .
Removal
We recommend wheel removal be done only by your Honda dealer or another
qualified mechanic. Do not attempt to remove the wheel on your own. Wheel
removal requires mechanical skill and professional tools.
1. Park your motorcycle on its center stand on a firm, level surface.
2. Remove the parts in sequence, according to the order in the illustration.
Avoid getting grease, oil, or dirt on the disc or pad surfaces. Any
contamination can cause poor brake performance or rapid pad wear after
reassembly.
When removing and installing the wheel, be careful not to damage the
sensor and pulser ring (model equipped with ABS).
186 Taking Care of the Unexpected
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If You Have a Flat Tire
Installation
1. Reassemble the removed parts in the reverse order of removal.
2. Tighten the rear wheel nuts to the specified torque:
80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11.0 kgf·m)
3. After installing the wheel, apply the brake several times and then check if the
wheel rotates freely. Recheck the wheel if the brake drags or if the wheel
does not rotate freely.
4. Operate the brake pedal and check the brake operation.
5. Inspect the brake system (page 151 ).
If a torque wrench was not used for installation, see your Honda dealer as
soon as possible to verify proper assembly. Improper assembly may lead to
loss of braking capability.
Taking Care of the Unexpected
187
03/05/23 14:10:15 31MCA630_195
If Your Engine Overheats
Normally, the needle on your temperature gauge will rise to a point about
midway between C (cold) and H (hot) and then level off. Hot weather may
cause the needle to rise higher than normal. So will temporary stress such as
climbing a hill. If you’re stuck in stop-and-go traffic, the needle may climb
some, but the radiator fan is designed to prevent overheating. Be aware of these
variations as you monitor the gauge.
If your vehicle is operated at sustained speeds between 10 and 15 miles per
hour in high ambient temperature conditions, you may experience high
temperature gauge readings.
If the temperature gauge rises, shifting to second gear or altering your speed
(either faster or slower) may reduce the temperature reading. If the indicator
reaches the red zone, as soon as it is safe to do so, pull over and let the engine
idle until the indicator drops.
Continuing to ride with an overheated engine can cause serious engine damage.
A steaming engine indicates a coolant leak. Shut the engine off and wait until
the steaming stops. Look for a leak, but don’t touch the engine or radiator
system. Let everything cool off first.
If there’s no obvious problem, leave the engine on so the fan and coolant
circulating system can continue working. Monitor the temperature gauge. The
needle may drop to the normal range after a brief stop with no load on the
engine.
Check the radiator fan.
If the fan is not working, turn the engine off. Open the fuse box (page
)
and check the radiator fan fuse. If the fuse is blown, replace it with the proper
(same rating) spare fuse. Start the engine. If the needle climbs to the red zone
and stays there, turn the engine off.
If the radiator fan is working, visually check the coolant level in the reserve
191
tank, located behind the left engine side cover. It isn’t necessary to touch the
radiator system.
188 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:10:21 31MCA630_196
If Your Engine Overheats
If the reserve tank is low or empty, don’t ride without adding coolant (page
134 ). After adding coolant, turn the engine on and check the temperature
gauge.
If the needle doesn’t drop, do not ride. The engine needs repair. Transport
your motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 170 ).
If the temperature drops to normal, check the coolant level. If it has gone
down, add more coolant.
If you are able to resume riding, continue to monitor the gauge frequently.
If there’s a mild leak, you can ride for awhile, carefully watching the gauge. Be
prepared to stop and add more coolant or water. If the leak is bad, transport your
motorcycle to a Honda dealer (page 170 ).
Taking Care of the Unexpected
189
03/05/23 14:10:29 31MCA630_197
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights
If you check your engine oil level regularly, you should never see the low
oil pressure indicator while riding. Normally, it will only light momentarily
when you turn the ignition switch ON. Occasionally, it may flicker at or
near idling speed.
Low oil pressure may be caused by an oil leak, a low oil level, or some problem
in the engine’s lubrication system.
If the indicator comes on while you’re riding, don’t ignore it. Pull safely to the
side of the road. If possible, pull the clutch lever in and coast to a stop. Stop the
engine as soon as it’s safe to do so.
Continuing to ride with low oil pressure can cause serious engine damage.
Check for an oil leak.
Then check the oil level. If necessary, add the recommended oil (page 127 )
to the upper level mark. If you must leave your motorcycle to get oil, secure it
as much as possible.
After adding oil, start the engine, and check that the low oil pressure indicator
goes off. Check for a possible leak.
If the indicator goes off and there is no leak –– resume riding. If there is a
leak –– do not ride the motorcycle until the leak is repaired by a Honda dealer.
190 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:10:44 31MCA630_198
If a Fuse Blows
All of the electrical circuits on your motorcycle have fuses to protect them from
damage caused by excess current flow (short circuit or overload).
If something electrical on your motorcycle stops working, the first thing you
should check for is a blown fuse.
Determine from the chart on the circuit fuse box cover which fuse or fuses
control that component. Check those fuses first, but check all the fuses before
looking elsewhere for another possible cause of the problem. Replace any blown
fuses and check component operation.
The circuit fuse box (including spare fuses) is located behind the left side
cover.
The main fuse is located in the fuse box.
Recommended Fuses
main fuse A
main fuse B
speed limiter fuse
other fuses
30 A
100 A
70 A
20 A, 15 A, 10 A, 5 A
30 A (model equipped with ABS)
1. To prevent an accidental short circuit, turn the ignition switch OFF before
checking or replacing the fuses.
2. Remove the left side cover (page 119).
3. Remove the fuse box cover.
LEFT SIDE
fuse box
fuse box cover
Taking Care of the Unexpected
191
03/05/23 14:10:55 31MCA630_199
If a Fuse Blows
Main Fuse Access:
4. Check the two main fuses (A & B) to see if they are blown.
To replace main fuse A, pull it out of its retaining clips with the fuse
remover.
To replace main fuse B, see your Honda dealer for this service.
Speed Limiter Fuse Access:
5. Check the speed limiter fuse to see if it’s blown, see your Honda dealer for
this service.
Circuit Fuses Access:
6. To check or replace a circuit fuse, pull the old fuse out of its retaining clips
with the fuse remover. Look for a burned wire inside the fuse. If the fuse is
blown, replace it with a spare fuse of the same rating or lower.
LEFT SIDE
fuse remover
circuit fuse
spare fuses
main fuse A
speed limiter fuse
main fuse B
7. Close the fuse box cover.
8. Install the left side cover.
192 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:11:03 31MCA630_200
If a Fuse Blows
If you do not have a replacement fuse with the proper rating for the circuit,
install one with a lower rating.
Replacing a f use with one that has a higher rating greatly increases the chance
of damage to the electrical system.
If you do not have a spare fuse and you cannot ride the motorcycle without
fixing the problem, take a fuse of the same rating or a lower rating from one of
the other circuits that you can do without temporarily.
If you replace a blown fuse with a spare fuse that has a lower rating, replace the
fuse with the correct rating as soon as you can. Also remember to replace any
spare fuses that were installed.
If the replacement fuse of the same rating burns out in a short time, there is
probably a serious electrical problem on your motorcycle. Leave the blown fuse
in that circuit and have your motorcycle checked by your Honda dealer.
fuse remover
blown fuse
Taking Care of the Unexpected
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03/05/23 14:11:09 31MCA630_201
If You Crash
Personal safety is your first priority after any accident. If you or anyone
else has been injured, take time to assess the severity of the injuries and
whether it is safe to continue riding. Call for emergency assistance if
needed. Also follow applicable laws and regulations if another person or
vehicle is involved in the accident.
If you decide you are capable of riding safely, carefully inspect your motorcycle
for damage and determine if it is safe to ride. Check the tightness of critical nuts
and bolts securing such parts as the handlebar, control levers, brakes, and wheels.
If there is minor damage, or you are unsure about possible damage, ride slowly
and cautiously. Sometimes, crash damage is hidden or not immediately apparent,
so you should have your motorcycle thoroughly checked at a qualified service
facility as soon as possible. Also, be sure to have your Honda dealer check the
frame and suspension after any serious crash.
If your motorcycle cannot be ridden, see Transporting Your Motorcycle, page
170 .
194 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:11:16 31MCA630_202
If You Lose Your Key
You should receive a key number plate with your keys. Store this plate in a safe
place.
Be sure to record your key number in the Quick Reference section at the rear of
the manual. You’ll need this number to have a duplicate key made.
A lost key won’t be a problem if you take preventative action. Store one
duplicate key in a safe place at home and carry a second duplicate in your wallet.
If you lose your key and aren’t carrying a duplicate, either get your spare or
have one made. If you don’t know your key number, call the dealer you
purchased your Honda from. They may have it listed in their records. If they
don’t, transport your motorcycle to them or the nearest Honda dealer. The dealer
will probably have to remove the ignition switch assembly to find the key
number so they can make a key for you.
key number plate
Taking Care of the Unexpected
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03/05/23 14:11:20 31MCA630_203
If Your Battery Is Low (or Dead)
Jump starting is not recommended, especially if you use an automobile
battery. The greater amperage of an automobile battery when the car
engine is running can damage your motorcycle’s electrical system.
Bump starting is also not recommended.
If you can’t charge the battery or it appears unable to hold a charge, contact your
Honda dealer.
196 Taking Care of the Unexpected
03/05/23 14:11:25 31MCA630_204
Technical Information
This section contains dimensions, capacities, and other technical data, plus
information on government requirements and how to break-in your
motorcycle.
Vehicle Identification......................................................................................... 198
Specifications ..................................................................................................... 200
Break-in Guidelines............................................................................................ 206
Emission Control Systems ................................................................................. 207
Catalytic Converters ........................................................................................... 211
Oxygenated Fuels ............................................................................................... 212
Technical Information
197
03/05/23 14:11:34 31MCA630_205
Vehicle Identification
Serial Numbers
The frame, VIN, and engine serial numbers are required when you register your
motorcycle. They may also be required when ordering replacement parts. You
may record these numbers in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this
manual.
The VIN (vehicle identification number) appears on the Safety Certification
Label attached to the left side of the steering head.
The frame number is stamped on the right side of the steering head.
The engine number is stamped on the right side of the crankcase.
LEFT SIDE
RIGHT SIDE
VIN
frame number
RIGHT SIDE
engine number
198 Technical Information
03/05/23 14:11:41 31MCA630_206
Vehicle Identification
Color Label & Code
The color label is attached inside the fuel filler compartment lid.
The color code is helpful when ordering replacement parts. You may record the
color and code in the Quick Reference section at the rear of this manual.
color label
Technical Information
199
03/05/23 14:11:59 31MCA630_207
Specifications
Dimensions
overall length
overall width
overall height
wheelbase
ground clearance
Weight
dry weight
dry weight
(model equipped
with ABS)
Fuel & Lubricants
fuel
recommendation
fuel tank capacity
engine oil capacity
engine oil
recommendation
103.7 in (2,635 mm)
37.2 in (945 mm)
57.3 in (1,455 mm)
66.5 in (1,690 mm)
4.9 in (125 mm)
791 lbs (359 kg)
798 lbs (362 kg)
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number of
86 or higher
6.74 US gal (25.5 )
after disassembly:
4.9 US qt (4.6 )
after draining:
3.8 US qt (3.6 )
after draining & oil filter change:
3.9 US qt (3.7 )
API Service Classification SG or higher
except oils labeled as energy conserving on
the circular API service label, SAE 10W-40,
JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without
molybdenum additives) 4-stroke oil (USA &
Canada) or Honda 4-stroke oil (Canada only),
or an equivalent motorcycle oil
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Specifications
Fuel & Lubricants (Cont’d)
after draining:
drive chain
lubricant
4.1 US oz (120 cm )
cooling system,
Pro Honda HP Coolant or an equivalent high
recommendation
quality ethylene glycol antifreeze containing
corrosion protection inhibitors specifically
recommended for use in aluminum engines
cooling system,
3.73 US qt (3.53 )
capacity
Capacities
passenger
capacity
maximum weight
capacity
cargo capacity
Operator and one passenger
417 lbs (189 kg)
425 lbs (193 kg) Canada type
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
travel trunk: 20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
each saddlebag: 20.0 lbs (9.0 kg)
each fairing pocket: 4.5 lbs (2.0 kg)
each trank side pocket: 1.0 lbs (0.5 kg)
total of all cargo: 71 lbs (32 kg)
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Specifications
Engine Specifications
displacement
111.8 cu-in (1,832 cm )
bore & stroke
2.90 × 2.80 in (74.0 mm × 71.0 mm)
compression ratio
9.8 : 1
spark plug
or
BKR6E-11 (NGK)
(standard)
K20PR-U11 (DENSO)
spark plug
or
BKR5E-11 (NGK)
(cold climate)
K16PR-U11 (DENSO)
spark plug (high
or
BKR7E-11 (NGK)
speed riding)
K22PR-U11 (DENSO)
valve clearance
intake
0.006 in (0.15 mm)
(cold)
exhaust 0.009 in (0.22 mm)
spark plug gap
0.039−0.043 in (1.00−1.10 mm)
idle speed
700 ± 70 rpm
Power Transmission
primary reduction
gear ratio, 1st
2nd
3rd
4th
OD
final reduction
final drive
1.591
2.375
1.454
1.068
0.843
0.686
2.750
shaft
202 Technical Information
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Specifications
Chassis & Suspension
caster
29°15’
trail
4.3 in (109 mm)
tire size, front
130/70 R18M/C 63H
tire size, rear
180/60 R16M/C 74H
tire pressure, front
36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
(cold)
tire pressure, rear
41 psi (280 kPa , 2.80 kgf/cm )
(cold)
Electrical
battery
generator
12 V−18 AH
0.959 kW/5,000 rpm
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Specifications
Lights
headlight
brake/tail light
turn signal lights
instrument light
neutral indicator
turn signal indicator
high beam indicator
low oil pressure
indicator
side stand indicator
low fuel indicator
PGM-FI indicator
reverse indicator
overdrive indicator
CRUISE ON
indicator
CRUISE SET
indicator
ABS indicator
(For model equipped
with ABS)
12 V−55 W × 2 (high)
12 V−55 W × 2 (low)
12 V−21/5 W × 6
12 V−21/5 W × 2 (front)
12 V−21 W × 2 (rear)
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
LED
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Specifications
Fuses
main A
main B
speed limit fuse
other fuses
30 A
100 A
70 A
20 A, 15 A, 10 A, 5 A
30 A (model equipped with ABS)
Torque Specifications
25 lbf·ft (34 N·m , 3.5 kgf·m)
oil drain bolt
19 lbf·ft (25 N·m , 2.6 kgf·m)
oil filter
43 lbf·ft (59 N·m , 6.0 kgf·m)
front wheel axle bolt
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
front wheel caliper
fixing bolts
front wheel caliper
23 lbf·ft (31 N·m , 3.2 kgf·m)
socket bolts
front wheel axle
16 lbf·ft (22 N·m , 2.2 kgf·m)
pinch bolts
rear wheel nuts
80 lbf·ft (108 N·m , 11.0 kgf·m)
final drive drain bolt
14 lbf·ft (20 N·m , 2.0 kgf·m)
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03/05/23 14:13:26 31MCA630_213
Break-in Guidelines
Help assure your motorcycle’s future reliability and performance by paying
extra attention to how you ride during the first 300 miles (500 km).
During this period, avoid full-throttle starts and rapid acceleration.
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Emission Control Systems
Exhaust Emission Requirements
The U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the California Air
Resources Board (CARB), and Transport Canada require that your motorcycle
comply with applicable exhaust emissions standards during its useful life, when
operated and maintained according to the instructions provided.
Noise Emission Requirements
The EPA also requires that motorcycles built after January 1, 1983 comply with
applicable noise emission standards for one year or 3,730 miles (6,000 km) after
the time of sale to the ultimate purchaser, when operated and maintained
according to the instructions provided. (USA only)
Warranty Compliance
Compliance with the terms of the Distributor’s Warranties for Honda
Motorcycle Emission Control Systems is necessary in order to keep the
emissions system warranty in effect. (USA only)
vehicle emission control information label
vacuum hose routing diagram label
The Vehicle Emission Control Information label is attached behind the right
engine side cover.
The Vacuum Hose Routing Diagram label is attached behind the right engine
side cover.
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Emission Control Systems
Source of Exhaust Emissions
The combustion process produces carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen, and
hydrocarbons. Control of hydrocarbons and oxides of nitrogen is very important
because, under certain conditions, they react to form photochemical smog when
subjected to sunlight. Carbon monoxide does not react in the same way, but it is
toxic.
Honda Motor Co., Ltd. utilizes various systems to reduce carbon monoxide and
hydrocarbons.
Exhaust Emission Control System
The exhaust emission control system includes a secondary air injection system,
PGM-FI system, two three-way catalytic converters, two heated oxygen sensors,
and a secondary air injection system.
No adjustment to these systems should be made although periodic inspection of
the components is recommended.
PGM-FI System
The PGM-FI system uses sequential multiport fuel injection. It has four
subsystems: Air Intake, Engine Control, Fuel Control, and Exhaust Control.
The Engine Control Module (ECM) uses various sensors to determine how
much air is going into the engine. It then controls how much fuel to inject under
all operating conditions.
Ignition Timing Control System
The system constantly adjusts the ignition timing, reducing the amount of HC,
CO and NOx produced.
Secondary Air Injection System
The secondary air injection system introduces filtered air into the exhaust gases
in the exhaust port. The secondary air injection system helps improve emission
performance.
Three-Way Catalytic Converters
The three-way catalytic converters are in the exhaust system. Through chemical
reactions, they convert HC, CO, and NOx in the engine’s exhaust to carbon
dioxide (CO2), dinitrogen (N2), and water vapor.
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Emission Control Systems
Evaporative Emission Control System
This motorcycle complies with the requirements of the California Air Resources
Board (CARB) evaporative emission regulations. Fuel vapor from the fuel tank
is directed into the charcoal canister and air cleaner where it is adsorbed and
stored while the engine is stopped. When the engine is running and the purge
control solenoid valve is open, fuel vapor in the charcoal canister and air cleaner
is drawn into the engine through the throttle body.
Crankcase Emission Control System
The engine is equipped with a closed crankcase system to prevent discharging
crankcase emissions into the atmosphere. Blow-by gas is returned to the
combustion chamber through the air cleaner and the intake manifold.
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Emission Control Systems
Problems That May Affect Motorcycle Exhaust Emissions
If you are aware of any of the following symptoms, have the vehicle inspected
and repaired by your authorized Honda motorcycle dealer.
Symptoms:
1. Hard starting or stalling after starting
2. Rough idle
3. Misfiring or backfiring during acceleration
4. After-burning (backfiring)
5. Poor performance (driveability) and poor fuel economy
Noise Emission Control System
TAMPERING WITH THE NOISE CONTROL SYSTEM IS PROHIBITED:
U. S. federal law prohibits, or Canadian provincial laws may prohibit the
following acts or the causing thereof: ( 1 ) The removal or rendering inoperative
by any person, other than for purposes of maintenance, repair or replacement, of
any device or element of design incorporated into any new vehicle for the
purpose of noise control prior to its sale or delivery to the ultimate purchaser or
while it is in use; or ( 2 ) the use of the vehicle after such device or element of
design has been removed or rendered inoperative by any person.
AMONG THOSE ACTS PRESUMED TO CONSTITUTE TAMPERING ARE
THE FOLLOWING ACTS:
1. Removal of, or puncturing the muffler, baffles, header pipes or any other
component which conducts exhaust gases.
2. Removal of, or puncturing of any part of the intake system.
3. Lack of proper maintenance.
4. Replacing any moving parts of the vehicle, or parts of the exhaust or intake
system, with parts other than those specified by the manufacturer.
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Catalytic Converters
This motorcycle is equipped with a two three-way catalytic converters.
The catalytic converter contains precious metals that serve as catalysts,
promoting chemical reactions to convert the exhaust gasses without affecting
the metals.
The catalytic converter acts on HC, CO, and NOx. A replacement unit must be
an original Honda part or its equivalent.
The catalytic converter must operate at a high temperature for the chemical
reactions to take place. It can set fire to any combustible materials that come
near it. Park your motorcycle away from high grasses, dry leaves, or other
flammables.
Defective catalytic converters contribute to air pollution, and can impair your
engine’s performance. Follow these guidelines to protect your motorcycle’s
catalytic converters.
Always use unleaded gasoline. Even a small amount of leaded gasoline can
contaminate the catalyst metals, making the catalytic converters ineffective.
Keep the engine tuned-up.
Have your motorcycle diagnosed and repaired if it is misfiring, backfiring,
stalling or otherwise not running properly.
Technical Information
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03/05/23 14:14:07 31MCA630_219
Oxygenated Fuels
Some conventional gasolines are being blended with alcohol or an ether
compound. These gasolines are collectively referred to as oxygenated fuels. To
meet clean air standards, some areas of the United States and Canada use
oxygenated fuels to help reduce emissions.
If you use an oxygenated fuel, be sure it is unleaded and meets the minimum
octane rating requirement.
Before using an oxygenated fuel, try to confirm the fuel’s contents. Some states/
provinces require this information to be posted on the pump.
The following are the EPA-approved percentages of oxygenates:
ETHANOL (ethyl or grain alcohol) 10% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 10% ethanol by volume. Gasoline
containing ethanol may be marketed under the name ‘‘Gasohol’’.
MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether) 15% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing up to 15% MTBE by volume.
METHANOL (methyl or wood alcohol) 5% by Volume
You may use gasoline containing methanol containing up to 5% methanol by
volume as long as it also contains cosolvents and corrosion inhibitors to
protect the fuel system. Gasoline containing more than 5% methanol by
volume may cause starting and/or performance problems. It may also damage
metal, rubber, and plastic parts of your fuel system.
212 Technical Information
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Oxygenated Fuels
If you notice any undesirable operating symptoms, try another service station or
switch to another brand of gasoline.
Fuel system damage or performance problems resulting from the use of an
oxygenated fuel containing more than the percentages of oxygenates mentioned
above are not covered under warranty.
Oxygenated fuels can damage paint and plastic. Be careful not to spill fuel when
filling the fuel tank. Wipe up any spills immediately.
Oxygenated f uels can damage paint and plastic. Damage caused by spilled f uel
is not covered by warranty.
Technical Information
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03/05/23 14:14:15 31MCA630_221
214 Technical Information
03/05/23 14:14:20 31MCA630_222
Consumer Information
This section contains information on your warranty and how to get an official
Honda service manual.
Authorized Manuals ........................................................................................... 217
Warranty Coverage ............................................................................................ 219
Warranty Service ................................................................................................ 220
Contacting Honda ............................................................................................... 221
Your Honda Dealer ............................................................................................ 222
The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only) ................................................................ 223
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only) ............................................................... 224
Consumer Information
215
03/05/23 14:14:22 31MCA630_223
216 Consumer Information
03/05/23 14:14:39 31MCA630_224
Authorized Manuals
The Service Manual (Publication Item No. 61MCA03 ) used by your authorized
Honda dealer is available from Helm, Inc. (USA only, Canada: See your Honda
dealer to order authorized manuals.)
Also available, but not necessary, to service your model is the Honda Common
Service Manual (Publication No. 61CM001 ), which explains theory of
operation and basic service information for various systems common to all
Honda motorcycles, motor scooters and ATVs.
These Honda manuals are written for the professional technician, but most
mechanically-capable owners should find them easy to use if they have the
proper tools and observe proper safety standards. Special Honda tools are
necessary for some procedures.
Publication Item No.
Price Each*
Description
61MCA03
2004 GL1800 Service Manual
$75.00
61MCAC03
2004 GL1800 SM/ETM CD−ROM
$60.00
61CM001
Common Service Manual
$48.00
31MCA630
2004 GL1800 Owner’s Manual
$16.00
*
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring obligation.
Order On-Line: www.helminc.com
Order Toll Free: 1-888-CYCLE93 (1-888-292-5393)
(NOTE: For Credit Card Orders Only)
Monday − Friday 8:00 AM − 6:00 PM EST
OR
By completing this form you can order the materials desired. You can pay by
check or money order, or charge to your credit card. Mail to Helm, Inc. at the
address shown on the back of this order form (USA only).
Canada: See your Honda dealer to order authorized manuals.
Publication
Item Description
Qty.
Item No.
*
Price
Total
Each*
Price
Prices are subject to change without notice and without incurring
Sub Total
obligation.
Mich. Purchasers
Add 6 % Sales Tax
Orders are mailed within 10 days. Please allow adequate time
Handling Charge
for delivery.
Grand Total
Consumer Information
$4.00
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03/05/23 14:14:54 31MCA630_225
NOTE: Dealers and Companies please provide dealer or company name, and also the name of the person to
whose attention the shipment should be sent.
S
H
I
P
T
O
Customer Name
Attention
Street Address - No P. O. Box Number
Apartment Number
City
State
Daytime Telephone Number (
Zip Code
)
Check or money order enclosed payable to Helm Inc. U.S. funds only. Do not send cash.
Check here if your billing address is different from the shipping address shown above.
P
A
Y
M
E
N
T
MasterCard
VISA
Discover
Account Number
Expiration: Mo. Yr.
−
Customer Signature
Date
These Publications cannot be returned for credit without receiving advance authorization within 14 days of delivery. On returns, a
restocking fee may be applied against the original order.
HELM
P.O. BOX 07280, DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48207
218 Consumer Information
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Warranty Coverage
Your new Honda is covered by these warranties:
Motorcycle Limited Warranty
Exhaust Emission Warranty
Noise Control Warranty
There are responsibilities, restrictions, and exclusions which apply to these
warranties. Please read the Warranties Booklet given to you by your Honda
dealer at the time of purchase. Be sure to keep your Honda owner’s card with
your Warranties Booklet (USA only).
It is important to realize that your warranty applies to defects in material or
workmanship of your Honda. Your warranty coverage does not apply to normal
wear or deterioration associated with using the motorcycle.
Your warranty coverage will not be voided if you choose to perform your own
maintenance. However, you should have the proper tools and service
information and be mechanically qualified. Failures that occur due directly to
improper maintenance are not covered.
Almost all of your warranty coverage can be extended through the Honda
Protection Plan (USA only). For more information, see your Honda dealer.
Consumer Information
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03/05/23 14:15:08 31MCA630_227
Warranty Service
Please remember that recommended maintenance interval servicing is not
included in your warranty coverage. Additionally, your warranty does not apply
to the normal wear of items (such as brakes, tires, etc.).
If you believe you have a problem with your motorcycle, call the service
department of your Honda dealer. Make an appointment for an inspection and
diagnosis. Remember, as the owner of the motorcycle, you will be asked to
authorize that inspection. Your dealer will give you the results of the inspection.
If the problem is covered under warranty, your dealer will perform the warranty
repairs for you.
If you have questions about warranty coverage or the nature of the repair, it is
best to talk to the service manager of your Honda dealer.
Sometimes, in spite of the best intentions of all concerned, a misunderstanding
may occur. If you aren’t satisfied with your dealer’s handling of the situation,
we suggest you discuss your problem with the appropriate member of the
dealership’s management team. If the problem has already been reviewed with
the Service Manager, Parts Manager, Sales Manager, etc., contact the Owner of
the dealership or their designated representative.
220 Consumer Information
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Contacting Honda
Your owner’s manual was written to cover most of the questions you might ask
about your Honda. Any questions not answered in the owner’s manual can be
answered by your Honda dealer. If your dealer doesn’t have the answer right
away, they will get it for you.
If you have a difference of opinion with your dealer, please remember that each
dealership is independently owned and operated. That’s why it’s important to
work to resolve any differences at the dealership level.
If you wish to comment on your experiences with your Honda or with your
dealer, please send your comments to the following address (USA only):
Motorcycle Division, American Honda Motor Co., Inc., P.O. Box 2220,
Torrance, CA 90509-2220, mailstop: 100-4W-5B, telephone: (310) 532-9811.
Canada: Refer to the Warranties Booklet that was supplied with your vehicle.
Please include the following information in your letter:
name, address, and telephone number
product model, year, and frame/VIN serial number
date of purchase
dealer name and address
We will likely ask your Honda dealer to respond, or possibly acknowledge your
comments directly.
Consumer Information
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03/05/23 14:15:23 31MCA630_229
Your Honda Dealer
Once you purchase your new Honda, get familiar with the organization of your
Honda dealer so you can utilize the full range of services available.
The service department is there to perform regular maintenance and unexpected
repairs. It has the latest available service information from Honda. The service
department will also handle warranty inspections and repairs.
The parts department offers Genuine Honda parts, Pro Honda products,
Hondaline accessories (USA only), and Honda accessories and products
(Canada only). The same quality that went into your Honda can be found in
Genuine Honda replacement parts. You’ll also find comparable quality in the
accessories and products available from the parts department.
The sales department offers the Honda Protection Plan to extend almost all of
your warranty coverage (USA only).
Your Honda dealer can inform you about competition and other riding events in
your area. You’ll also find that your dealer is a source of information about
American Honda’s Rider Education Centers and the Honda Rider’s Club of
America (USA only).
We’re sure you’ll be as pleased with the service your Honda dealer continues to
provide after the sale as you are with the quality and dependability of your
Honda.
222 Consumer Information
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The Honda Rider’s Club (USA only)
One of the best ways to get the most enjoyment from owning your Honda is to
join the Honda Rider’s Club of America (HRCA). Your purchase of a new
motorcycle, scooter or ATV from a participating Honda dealer entitles you to a
complimentary one-year membership. The HRCA has hundreds of dealersponsored chapters throughout the USA. Some of the HRCA membership
benefits include:
24-hr. emergency roadside assistance for your Honda or transport vehicle.
Transportation for your Honda or transport vehicle to the nearest Honda
dealer or service facility if roadside assistance can’t get you going again.
Reimbursement (to $75) for motorcycle and scooter rider training from the
Motorcycle Safety Foundation. Free ATV rider training is available from the
Specialty Vehicle Institute of America with the purchase of a new Honda
ATV.
A subscription to Honda Red Rider, a bi-monthly insider’s magazine for all
members.
Special members-only HRCA website.
Discounts from HRCA partners for both on and off-road riding schools and
adventure packages.
Hospitality at national events.
Contact your Honda dealer for more information or call: 1-800-847-HRCA. For
a complete list of all HRCA benefits and services, refer to your HRCA
membership benefits manual or visit our website at www.honda.com.
Consumer Information
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Reporting Safety Defects (USA only)
If you believe that your vehicle has a defect which could cause a crash or could
cause injury or death, you should immediately inform the National Highway
Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) in addition to notifying American
Honda Motor Co., Inc.
If NHTSA receives similar complaints, it may open an investigation, and if it
finds that a safety defect exists in a group of vehicles, it may order a recall and
remedy campaign. However, NHTSA cannot become involved in individual
problems between you, your dealer, or American Honda Motor Co., Inc.
To contact NHTSA, you may either call the Auto Safety Hotline toll-free at
1-800-424-9393 (or 366-0123 in Washington, D.C. area) or write to: NHTSA,
U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, D.C. 20590.
You can also obtain other information about motor vehicle safety from the
Hotline.
224 Consumer Information
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Consumer Information
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03/05/23 14:15:46 31MCA630_233
Table of Contents
The following presents the contents of each section of your owner’s manual.
MOTORCYCLE SAFETY ................................................................................. 1
Important Safety Information ................................................................................ 2
Accessories & Modifications ................................................................................. 4
Safety Labels .......................................................................................................... 6
INSTRUMENTS & CONTROLS .................................................................... 11
Component Locations .......................................................................................... 12
Gauges & Indicators ............................................................................................. 15
Multi-display
Opening/Ending Ceremony ............................................................................. 21
On/Off-Opening/Ending Ceremony ................................................................ 22
Spcial Massage for Opening/Ending Ceremony ............................................. 23
Odometer/Tripmeter......................................................................................... 25
Display Illumination Adjustment..................................................................... 26
Digital Clock .................................................................................................... 27
Air Temperature Meter .................................................................................... 28
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags Open Indicator ................................................... 29
Controls & Features
Ignition Switch ................................................................................................. 30
Engine Stop Switch .......................................................................................... 31
Start/Reverse Button ........................................................................................ 32
Reverse Switch ................................................................................................. 32
Cruise Control Switches................................................................................... 32
Headlight Dimmer Switch ............................................................................... 33
Turn Signal Switch ........................................................................................... 33
Horn Button ...................................................................................................... 34
Audio Control Switches ................................................................................... 34
Hazard Warning System Switch ...................................................................... 34
Headlight Beam Adjustment Knob .................................................................. 35
Rear Spring Pre-load Adjustment Switch ........................................................ 35
Ventilation Controls ......................................................................................... 35
Windshield Height Adjustment........................................................................ 35
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Table of Contents
BEFORE RIDING.............................................................................................. 38
Are You Ready to Ride? ...................................................................................... 38
Protective Apparel ............................................................................................ 38
Rider Training .................................................................................................. 40
Is Your Motorcycle Ready to Ride? .................................................................... 41
Pre-ride Inspection ........................................................................................... 41
Load Limits & Guidelines.................................................................................... 43
Loading ............................................................................................................. 43
Load Limits ...................................................................................................... 44
Loading Guidelines .......................................................................................... 44
Cargo Compartments............................................................................................ 45
Travel Trunk & Saddlebags ............................................................................. 45
Remote Transmitter .......................................................................................... 49
Fairing Pockets ................................................................................................. 53
Trunk Side Pockets........................................................................................... 54
Comfort & Convenience Adjustment .................................................................. 55
Windshield Height Adjustment........................................................................ 56
Side VentiIation Louvers ................................................................................. 57
Windshield VentiIation Louver ....................................................................... 57
Accessories ........................................................................................................... 58
Accessory (ACC) Terminal ............................................................................. 58
Table of Contents
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Table of Contents
BASIC OPERATION & RIDING .................................................................... 59
Safe Riding Precautions ....................................................................................... 60
Starting & Stopping the Engine ........................................................................... 61
Preparation ........................................................................................................ 61
Starting Procedure ............................................................................................ 62
Flooded Engine................................................................................................. 62
Banking Sensor Ignition Cut-off System ........................................................ 63
How to Stop the Engine ................................................................................... 63
Shifting Gears ....................................................................................................... 64
While You Are Riding ..................................................................................... 65
Reverse Riding ..................................................................................................... 66
Braking ................................................................................................................. 68
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)
(For model equipped with ABS) ...................................................................... 70
ABS Indicator Light ......................................................................................... 71
Parking .................................................................................................................. 73
Theft-Prevention Tips ...................................................................................... 75
Riding with a Passenger or Cargo ........................................................................ 76
Riding with Cruise Control .................................................................................. 77
Cruise Control .................................................................................................. 77
To Set Cruise Control....................................................................................... 78
To Change the Set Speed ................................................................................. 78
To Cancel Cruise Control ................................................................................ 79
Riding in Bad Weather ......................................................................................... 80
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Table of Contents
AUDIO SYSTEMS ............................................................................................. 81
AM/FM Radio ...................................................................................................... 82
Radio Antenna .................................................................................................. 82
Controls Location ............................................................................................. 83
AUDIO Systems ............................................................................................... 84
Switch Output ................................................................................................... 84
VOLUME Control ........................................................................................... 85
Select Band ....................................................................................................... 86
Select Station .................................................................................................... 87
Preset Station .................................................................................................... 88
Auto Select ....................................................................................................... 89
Tone Control..................................................................................................... 90
Fader Control .................................................................................................... 91
Muting .............................................................................................................. 91
Ambience (AMB)............................................................................................. 92
Beep Set ............................................................................................................ 92
Auto Volume Control (AVC) .......................................................................... 93
Weather Information ............................................................................................ 94
Weather Band (WB) ......................................................................................... 94
Auxiliary Function ............................................................................................... 95
Auxiliary (AUX) Input ..................................................................................... 95
Input Jack Setup ............................................................................................... 96
Intercom System ................................................................................................... 98
System Control ................................................................................................. 98
VOLUME Control ........................................................................................... 99
Intercom Muting ............................................................................................... 99
Table of Contents
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Table of Contents
SERVICEING YOUR HONDA ..................................................................... 101
Bef ore You Service Your Honda
The Importance of Maintenance ........................................................................ 104
Maintenance Safety ............................................................................................ 105
Important Safety Precautions ......................................................................... 106
Periodic Maintenance ......................................................................................... 107
Maintenance Schedule ....................................................................................... 108
Maintenance Record........................................................................................... 112
Service Preparations
Component Locations ........................................................................................ 113
Tool Kit............................................................................................................... 116
Owner’s Manual Storage.................................................................................... 117
Cover Removal ................................................................................................... 118
Service Procedures
Fluids & Filters
Fuel ..................................................................................................................... 123
Engine Oil & Filter ............................................................................................. 124
Coolant................................................................................................................ 133
Crankcase Breather ............................................................................................ 136
Final Drive Oil.................................................................................................... 137
Engine
Clutch System..................................................................................................... 139
Spark Plugs ......................................................................................................... 141
Chassis
Suspension .......................................................................................................... 143
Brakes ................................................................................................................. 147
Tires .................................................................................................................... 152
Side Stand ........................................................................................................... 157
Electrical
Battery................................................................................................................. 158
Appearance Care ................................................................................................ 162
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Table of Contents
TIPS ................................................................................................................... 167
Storing Your Honda ........................................................................................... 168
Transporting Your Motorcycle .......................................................................... 170
You & the Environment ..................................................................................... 171
TAKING CARE OF THE UNEXPECTED .................................................. 173
General Guidelines ............................................................................................. 174
If Your Engine Quits or Won’t Start ................................................................. 175
If Your Have a Flat Tire..................................................................................... 178
If your Engine Overheats ................................................................................... 188
If the Low Oil Pressure Indicator Lights ........................................................... 190
If a Fuse Blows ................................................................................................... 191
If You Crash ....................................................................................................... 193
If You Lose Your Key ....................................................................................... 195
If Your Battery is Low (or Dead) ...................................................................... 196
TECHNICAL INFORMATION .................................................................... 197
Vehicle Identification......................................................................................... 198
Specifications ..................................................................................................... 200
Break-in Guidelines............................................................................................ 206
Emission Control Systems ................................................................................. 207
Catalytic Converters ........................................................................................... 211
Oxygenated Fuels ............................................................................................... 212
CONSUMER INFORMATION ..................................................................... 215
Authorized Manuals ........................................................................................... 217
Warranty Coverage ............................................................................................ 219
Warranty Service ................................................................................................ 220
Contacting Honda ............................................................................................... 221
Your Honda Dealer ............................................................................................ 222
Your Honda Rider’s Club (USA only) .............................................................. 223
Reporting Safety Defects (USA only) ............................................................... 225
Table of Contents
231
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Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS ................................................................................ 226
INDEX ............................................................................................................... 234
QUICK REFERENCE
232 Table of Contents
03/05/23 14:16:23 31MCA630_240
Table of Contents
233
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Index
A
ABS indicator light......................................................................................... 19, 71
accessories .............................................................................................................. 4
accessory (ACC) terminal .................................................................................... 58
air pressure, tires................................................................................................. 153
air temperature meter ........................................................................................... 28
American Honda, contacting ............................................................................. 221
antenna, radio ....................................................................................................... 82
Anti-lock Brake System (ABS)............................................................................ 70
apparel, protective ................................................................................................ 38
appearance care .................................................................................................. 162
audio systems........................................................................................................ 81
authorized manuals ............................................................................................. 217
B
battery ................................................................................................................. 158
brakes,
fluid................................................................................................................. 148
pad wear.......................................................................................................... 150
braking .................................................................................................................. 68
break-in guidelines ............................................................................................. 206
C
capacity, fuel ...................................................................................................... 124
care, appearance ................................................................................................. 162
catalytic converter .............................................................................................. 211
cleaning, appearance care .................................................................................. 162
clutch system ...................................................................................................... 139
color label ........................................................................................................... 199
comfort and convenience adjustment .................................................................. 55
compartment,
owner’s manual .............................................................................................. 117
tool kit ............................................................................................................. 116
component locations,
indicators and controls ..................................................................................... 12
maintenance .................................................................................................... 113
234 Index
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Index
consumer information ........................................................................................ 215
coolant................................................................................................................. 133
coolant temperature gauge ................................................................................... 20
crankcase breather .............................................................................................. 136
cruise control ........................................................................................................ 77
customer service ................................................................................................. 221
D
digital clock adjustment ....................................................................................... 27
defects, safety ..................................................................................................... 224
drive, final .......................................................................................................... 137
E
emission control systems.................................................................................... 207
engine,
flooded .............................................................................................................. 62
low oil pressure .............................................................................................. 190
number ............................................................................................................ 198
oil .................................................................................................................... 126
overheats ......................................................................................................... 188
pinging ............................................................................................................ 123
starting .............................................................................................................. 61
stop switch ........................................................................................................ 31
stopping ............................................................................................................ 63
won’t start ....................................................................................................... 175
environment ........................................................................................................ 171
F
fairing pockets ...................................................................................................... 53
final drive oil ...................................................................................................... 137
flat tire ................................................................................................................ 178
flooded engine ...................................................................................................... 62
frame number ..................................................................................................... 198
Index
235
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Index
fuel,
gauge ................................................................................................................. 20
oxygenated...................................................................................................... 212
recommendation ............................................................................................. 123
tank capacity ................................................................................................... 124
fuses .................................................................................................................... 191
G
gasohol ................................................................................................................ 212
gasoline ............................................................................................................... 123
gauges & indicators .............................................................................................. 15
H
hazard warning signal switch ............................................................................... 34
headlight beam adjustment................................................................................... 35
headlight dimmer switch ...................................................................................... 33
helmet holder ........................................................................................................ 74
high beam indicator .............................................................................................. 19
Honda,
contacting ....................................................................................................... 221
Rider’s Club.................................................................................................... 223
dealer .............................................................................................................. 222
Honda Service Manual ....................................................................................... 217
horn button ............................................................................................................ 34
I
identification, vehicle ......................................................................................... 198
ignition cutoff system,
side stand .......................................................................................................... 61
banking sensor .................................................................................................. 63
ignition switch ...................................................................................................... 30
indicators............................................................................................................... 15
inspection, pre-ride ............................................................................................... 41
236 Index
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Index
K
key, lost ............................................................................................................... 195
kit, tool ................................................................................................................ 116
L
labels, safety ........................................................................................................... 6
lamp check ............................................................................................................ 16
limit, weight .......................................................................................................... 44
load limits ............................................................................................................. 44
loading guidelines................................................................................................. 44
location, components,
instruments & controls ..................................................................................... 11
maintenance .................................................................................................... 113
lock, steering......................................................................................................... 73
M
maintenance,
importance ...................................................................................................... 104
periodic ........................................................................................................... 107
record .............................................................................................................. 112
safety............................................................................................................... 105
schedule .......................................................................................................... 108
manual, service ................................................................................................... 217
manual, authorized ............................................................................................. 217
maximum weight limit ......................................................................................... 44
modifications .......................................................................................................... 5
multi-display ......................................................................................................... 21
N
numbers, serial .................................................................................................... 198
Index
237
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Index
O
odometer ............................................................................................................... 25
oil,
engine.............................................................................................................. 126
final drive ....................................................................................................... 137
low pressure .................................................................................................... 190
operating controls ................................................................................................. 30
overdrive indicator ............................................................................................... 18
overheat, engine.................................................................................................. 188
owner’s manual storage...................................................................................... 117
oxygenated fuels................................................................................................. 212
P
parking .................................................................................................................. 73
pinging, engine ................................................................................................... 123
plugs, spark ......................................................................................................... 141
pockets,
fairing ............................................................................................................... 53
trunk side .......................................................................................................... 54
pre-load, rear suspension .................................................................................... 144
pre-ride inspection ................................................................................................ 41
problems, unexpected ......................................................................................... 173
protective apparel ................................................................................................. 38
R
radio antenna ........................................................................................................ 82
radio,
AM/FM ............................................................................................................. 82
remote transmitter................................................................................................. 49
removal,
cylinder head side cover ................................................................................. 121
engine side cover ............................................................................................ 120
front lower cover ............................................................................................ 122
side cover ........................................................................................................ 119
reverse,
button ................................................................................................................ 32
238 Index
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Index
riding ................................................................................................................. 66
system indicator ................................................................................................ 17
reporting safety defects ...................................................................................... 224
rider training ..................................................................................................... 2, 40
Rider’s Club, Honda ........................................................................................... 223
riding,
bad weather....................................................................................................... 80
basic operation .................................................................................................. 59
clothing ............................................................................................................. 38
safety................................................................................................................... 2
safety precautions ............................................................................................. 60
with cruise control ............................................................................................ 77
with passenger or cargo .................................................................................... 76
S
saddlebag .............................................................................................................. 45
safety,
important precautions ..................................................................................... 106
lables ................................................................................................................... 6
reporting defects ............................................................................................. 224
riding precautions ............................................................................................. 60
schedule, maintenance........................................................................................ 108
serial numbers ..................................................................................................... 198
Service,
customer.......................................................................................................... 221
manuals ........................................................................................................... 217
warranty .......................................................................................................... 220
shifting gears ........................................................................................................ 64
side stand ............................................................................................................ 157
side stand ignition cutoff system ......................................................................... 61
side stand indicator ............................................................................................... 19
spark knock ......................................................................................................... 123
spark plugs .......................................................................................................... 141
specifications ...................................................................................................... 200
speedometer .......................................................................................................... 17
stand, side ..................................................................................................... 19, 157
start/reverse button ............................................................................................... 32
Index
239
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Index
starting,
engine................................................................................................................ 62
troubleshooting ............................................................................................... 175
steering lock.......................................................................................................... 73
stop switch, engine ............................................................................................... 31
stopping engine ..................................................................................................... 63
storage,
motorcycle ...................................................................................................... 168
owner’s manual .............................................................................................. 117
suspension,
rear pre-load.................................................................................................... 144
switch,
audio control ............................................................................................... 34, 81
cruise control .............................................................................................. 32, 77
engine stop ........................................................................................................ 31
hazard warning system ..................................................................................... 34
headlight dimmer.............................................................................................. 33
ignition .............................................................................................................. 30
rear spring pre-load adjustment ............................................................... 35, 144
reverse......................................................................................................... 32, 66
turn signal ......................................................................................................... 33
T
tachometer ............................................................................................................ 17
theft prevention tips.............................................................................................. 75
tires,
air pressure...................................................................................................... 153
flat ................................................................................................................... 178
replacing ......................................................................................................... 155
tool kit ................................................................................................................. 116
training, rider .................................................................................................... 2, 40
transporting your motorcycle ............................................................................. 170
travel trunk ............................................................................................................ 45
tripmeter................................................................................................................ 25
trouble, unexpected ............................................................................................ 173
troubleshooting, starting ..................................................................................... 175
trunk side pockets ................................................................................................. 54
trunk, travel ........................................................................................................... 45
turn signal indicators ............................................................................................ 17
240 Index
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Index
V
vehicle identification no. (VIN) ......................................................................... 198
ventilation ............................................................................................................. 57
W
warranty,
coverage .......................................................................................................... 219
extended .......................................................................................................... 219
service ............................................................................................................. 216
washing your motorcycle ................................................................................... 220
weight limit ........................................................................................................... 44
wheels,
front removal .................................................................................................. 180
rear removal .................................................................................................... 186
windshield height adjustment levers .................................................................... 56
Index
241
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242 Memo
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Quick Reference
The following is a brief, but important collection of information you need to
know about your Honda. You’ll also find space to record important notes.
The engine of your Honda can be the most expensive component to repair.
Proper maintenance, especially the use of the recommended fluids and filters,
prevents premature wear and damage.
Frequent causes of costly repairs are:
Engine oil: insufficient quantity, improper oil.
Air cleaner: dirty, leaking because of improper installation (poor seal).
Record important information on the following page:
VIN/Frame No.
Engine No.
Frame No.
Ignition Key No.
Color Label
Owner’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Dealer’s Name
Address
City/State
Phone
Service Mgr.
Quick Reference
03/05/23 14:17:47 31MCA630_251
Quick Reference
Scheduled
Maintenance
Pre-ride
Inspection
Periodic Checks
Fuel/Capacity
Engine Oil
Maximum Weight
Capacity
Tires
Tire Pressure
(cold)
Spark Plugs
Coolant
Fuses
Final Drive Oil
Quick Reference
Regular: every 4,000 miles (6,400 km)
Check the following items each time before you ride
(page 41 ): tires, leaks, loose parts, throttle, brakes,
indicators, lights.
Check the following items monthly (page 104 ): tires,
fluids, lights, freeplay, fuses, nuts & bolts.
unleaded gasoline, pump octane number 86 or higher
6.74 US gal (25.5 )
API Service Classification SG or higher except oils labeled
as energy conserving on the circular API service label,
SAE 10W-40, JASO T 903 standard MA,
Pro Honda GN4 or HP4 (without molybdenum additives)
4-stroke oil or equivalent
417 lbs (189 kg)
425 lbs (193 kg) Canada type
rider, passenger, all cargo and accessories
maximum of all cargo: 71 lbs (32 kg)
front: 130/70 R18M/C 63H
DUNLOP D250F
BRIDGESTONE G709 RADIAL
rear: 180/60 R16M/C 74H
DUNLOP D250
BRIDGESTONE G704 RADIAL
front: 36 psi (250 kPa , 2.50 kgf/cm )
rear: 41 psi (280 kPa , 2.80 kgf/cm )
standard:
BKR6E-11 (NGK) or K20PR-U11 (DENSO)
cold climat (below 5°C, 41°F):
BKR5E-11 (NGK) or K16PR-U11 (DENSO)
high speed riding:
BKR7E-11 (NGK) or K22PR-U11 (DENSO)
ethylene glycol antifreeze (silicate-free) for aluminum
engines in 50/50 solution with Pro Honda HP Coolant
or an equivalent distilled water
main A: 30 A
main B: 100 A
speed limiter: 70 A
other: 20 A, 15 A, 10 A, 5 A
30 A (model equipped with ABS)
Hypoid Gear Oil SAE 80
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