Dominion KX II
Dominion KX II
User Guide
Release 2.5.0
Copyright © 2012 Raritan, Inc.
DKX2-v2.5.0-0P-E
May 2012
255-62-4023-00
This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. No
part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced, or translated into another language without
express prior written consent of Raritan, Inc.
© Copyright 2012 Raritan, Inc. All third-party software and hardware mentioned in this document are
registered trademarks or trademarks of and are the property of their respective holders.
FCC Information
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device,
pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a commercial installation. This equipment generates, uses, and can
radiate radio frequency energy and if not installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may
cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a residential
environment may cause harmful interference.
VCCI Information (Japan)
Raritan is not responsible for damage to this product resulting from accident, disaster, misuse, abuse,
non-Raritan modification of the product, or other events outside of Raritan's reasonable control or not
arising under normal operating conditions.
Rack Mount Safety Guidelines
In Raritan products which require Rack Mounting, please follow these precautions:

Operation temperature in a closed rack environment may be greater than room temperature. Do
not exceed the rated maximum ambient temperature of the appliances. See Specifications (on
page 301).

Ensure sufficient airflow through the rack environment.

Mount equipment in the rack carefully to avoid uneven mechanical loading.

Connect equipment to the supply circuit carefully to avoid overloading circuits.

Ground all equipment properly, especially supply connections, such as power strips (other than
direct connections), to the branch circuit.
Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction
1
KX II Overview ............................................................................................................................... 2
KX II Help ....................................................................................................................................... 4
What's New in the Help ....................................................................................................... 4
Related Documentation ....................................................................................................... 5
KX II Client Applications ................................................................................................................ 5
Virtual Media .................................................................................................................................. 6
KX II Device Photos ....................................................................................................................... 7
Product Features ........................................................................................................................... 9
Hardware ............................................................................................................................. 9
Software............................................................................................................................. 10
Terminology ................................................................................................................................. 11
Package Contents........................................................................................................................ 13
Chapter 2 Installation and Configuration
14
Overview ...................................................................................................................................... 14
Rack Mounting ............................................................................................................................. 14
Forward Mount................................................................................................................... 14
Rear Mount ........................................................................................................................ 16
Default Login Information ............................................................................................................. 17
Getting Started ............................................................................................................................. 18
Step 1: Configure KVM Target Servers ............................................................................. 18
Step 2: Configure Network Firewall Settings ..................................................................... 30
Step 3: Connect the Equipment......................................................................................... 31
Step 4: Configure the KX II ................................................................................................ 35
Step 5: Launch the KX II Remote Console........................................................................ 41
Step 6: Configure the Keyboard Language (Optional) ...................................................... 42
Step 7: Configure Tiering (Optional) .................................................................................. 43
Chapter 3 Working with Target Servers
44
KX II Interfaces ............................................................................................................................ 44
KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices .............................................................................. 45
KX II Remote Console Interface .................................................................................................. 45
Launching the KX II Remote Console ............................................................................... 45
Interface and Navigation.................................................................................................... 47
KX II Console Navigation................................................................................................... 50
Port Access Page (Remote Console Display) ................................................................... 51
Port Action Menu ............................................................................................................... 55
Scanning Ports .................................................................................................................. 56
Managing Favorites ........................................................................................................... 59
iii
Contents
Logging Out ....................................................................................................................... 62
Proxy Server Configuration for Use with MPC, VKC and AKC.................................................... 62
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client (AKC) ............................................................. 64
About the Active KVM Client ............................................................................................. 64
Toolbar Buttons and Status Bar Icons ............................................................................... 65
Connection Properties ....................................................................................................... 68
Connection Information ..................................................................................................... 70
Keyboard Options .............................................................................................................. 70
Video Properties ................................................................................................................ 76
Mouse Options................................................................................................................... 81
Tool Options ...................................................................................................................... 86
View Options...................................................................................................................... 89
Digital Audio....................................................................................................................... 91
Smart Cards....................................................................................................................... 98
Help Options .................................................................................................................... 101
Multi-Platform Client (MPC) ....................................................................................................... 101
Launching MPC from a Web Browser ............................................................................. 101
Chapter 4 Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet Control
103
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 103
Turning Outlets On/Off and Cycling Power ............................................................................... 104
Chapter 5 Virtual Media
107
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 108
Prerequisites for Using Virtual Media .............................................................................. 111
Virtual Media in a Windows XP Environment .................................................................. 112
Virtual Media in a Linux Environment .............................................................................. 113
Virtual Media in a Mac Environment ................................................................................ 115
Conditions when Read/Write is Not Available ................................................................. 115
Using Virtual Media .................................................................................................................... 115
Virtual Media File Server Setup (File Server ISO Images Only) ..................................... 116
Connecting to Virtual Media ....................................................................................................... 118
Mounting Local Drives ..................................................................................................... 118
Mounting CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/ISO Images .................................................................... 119
Disconnecting Virtual Media ...................................................................................................... 121
Chapter 6 USB Profiles
122
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 122
CIM Compatibility ....................................................................................................................... 123
Available USB Profiles ............................................................................................................... 123
Selecting Profiles for a KVM Port .............................................................................................. 130
Mouse Modes when Using the Mac OS-X USB Profile with a DCIM-VUSB ................... 130
iv
Contents
Chapter 7 User Management
131
User Groups............................................................................................................................... 131
User Group List................................................................................................................ 132
Relationship Between Users and Groups ....................................................................... 132
Adding a New User Group............................................................................................... 132
Modifying an Existing User Group ................................................................................... 139
Users .......................................................................................................................................... 140
View the KX II Users List ................................................................................................. 140
View Users by Port .......................................................................................................... 141
Disconnecting Users from Ports ...................................................................................... 141
Logging Users Off the KX II (Force Logoff) ..................................................................... 142
Adding a New User .......................................................................................................... 142
Modifying an Existing User .............................................................................................. 143
Authentication Settings .............................................................................................................. 143
Implementing LDAP/LDAPS Remote Authentication ...................................................... 144
Returning User Group Information from Active Directory Server .................................... 148
Implementing RADIUS Remote Authentication ............................................................... 149
Returning User Group Information via RADIUS .............................................................. 153
RADIUS Communication Exchange Specifications......................................................... 153
User Authentication Process ........................................................................................... 155
Changing a Password ................................................................................................................ 156
Chapter 8 Device Management
157
Network Settings ........................................................................................................................ 157
Network Basic Settings.................................................................................................... 158
LAN Interface Settings ..................................................................................................... 160
Device Services ......................................................................................................................... 162
Enabling SSH .................................................................................................................. 162
HTTP and HTTPS Port Settings ...................................................................................... 162
Entering the Discovery Port ............................................................................................. 163
Configuring and Enabling Tiering .................................................................................... 164
Enabling Direct Port Access via URL .............................................................................. 168
Enabling the AKC Download Server Certificate Validation ............................................. 169
Configuring SNMP Agents............................................................................................... 170
Configuring Modem Settings ........................................................................................... 172
Configuring Date/Time Settings....................................................................................... 174
Event Management ......................................................................................................... 175
Power Supply Setup .................................................................................................................. 184
Configuring Ports ....................................................................................................................... 185
Configuring Standard Target Servers .............................................................................. 186
Configuring KVM Switches .............................................................................................. 188
Configuring CIM Ports ..................................................................................................... 189
Configuring Rack PDU (Power Strip) Targets ................................................................. 190
Configuring Blade Chassis .............................................................................................. 195
Configuring USB Profiles (Port Page) ............................................................................. 217
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings .............................................................................. 220
v
Contents
Connect and Disconnect Scripts................................................................................................ 225
Applying and Removing Scripts....................................................................................... 225
Adding Scripts.................................................................................................................. 226
Modifying Scripts ............................................................................................................. 229
Importing and Exporting Scripts ...................................................................................... 229
Port Group Management ........................................................................................................... 230
Creating Port Groups ....................................................................................................... 231
Creating a Dual Video Port Group ................................................................................... 232
Changing the Default GUI Language Setting ............................................................................ 233
Chapter 9 Security Management
234
Security Settings ........................................................................................................................ 234
Login Limitations .............................................................................................................. 235
Strong Passwords ........................................................................................................... 237
User Blocking................................................................................................................... 238
Encryption & Share .......................................................................................................... 240
Enabling FIPS 140-2 ....................................................................................................... 243
Configuring IP Access Control ................................................................................................... 244
SSL Certificates ......................................................................................................................... 246
Security Banner ......................................................................................................................... 249
Chapter 10 Maintenance
251
Audit Log .................................................................................................................................... 251
Device Information ..................................................................................................................... 252
Backup and Restore .................................................................................................................. 254
USB Profile Management .......................................................................................................... 256
Handling Conflicts in Profile Names ................................................................................ 257
Upgrading CIMs ......................................................................................................................... 258
Upgrading Firmware .................................................................................................................. 258
Upgrade History ......................................................................................................................... 260
Rebooting the KX II .................................................................................................................... 261
Stopping CC-SG Management .................................................................................................. 262
Chapter 11 Diagnostics
264
Network Interface Page ............................................................................................................. 264
Network Statistics Page ............................................................................................................. 265
Ping Host Page .......................................................................................................................... 267
Trace Route to Host Page ......................................................................................................... 267
Device Diagnostics .................................................................................................................... 269
Chapter 12 Command Line Interface (CLI)
271
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 271
Accessing the KX II Using CLI ................................................................................................... 272
SSH Connection to the KX II ..................................................................................................... 272
SSH Access from a Windows PC .................................................................................... 272
vi
Contents
SSH Access from a UNIX/Linux Workstation .................................................................. 272
Logging In .................................................................................................................................. 273
Navigation of the CLI ................................................................................................................. 273
Completion of Commands ............................................................................................... 273
CLI Syntax -Tips and Shortcuts ....................................................................................... 274
Common Commands for All Command Line Interface Levels ........................................ 274
Initial Configuration Using CLI ................................................................................................... 275
Setting Parameters .......................................................................................................... 275
Setting Network Parameters............................................................................................ 275
CLI Prompts ............................................................................................................................... 276
CLI Commands .......................................................................................................................... 276
Security Issues ................................................................................................................ 277
Administering the KX II Console Server Configuration Commands .......................................... 277
Configuring Network .................................................................................................................. 277
Interface Command ......................................................................................................... 278
Name Command ............................................................................................................ 279
IPv6 Command ................................................................................................................ 279
Chapter 13 KX II Local Console
280
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 280
Simultaneous Users ................................................................................................................... 280
KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices ............................................................................ 281
Security and Authentication ....................................................................................................... 281
Available Resolutions................................................................................................................. 281
Port Access Page (Local Console Server Display) ................................................................... 282
Accessing a Target Server ........................................................................................................ 282
Scanning Ports - Local Console ................................................................................................ 283
Using Scan Options ......................................................................................................... 284
Local Console Smart Card Access ............................................................................................ 285
Smart Card Access in KX2 8xx Devices ......................................................................... 286
Local Console USB Profile Options ........................................................................................... 286
Hot Keys and Connect Keys ...................................................................................................... 287
Connect Key Examples ................................................................................................... 287
Special Sun Key Combinations ................................................................................................. 288
Returning to the KX II Local Console Interface ......................................................................... 289
Local Port Administration ........................................................................................................... 289
Configuring KX II Local Console Local Port Settings ...................................................... 290
KX II Local Console Factory Reset ................................................................................. 294
Connect and Disconnect Scripts................................................................................................ 295
Applying and Removing Scripts....................................................................................... 295
Adding Scripts.................................................................................................................. 296
Modifying Scripts ............................................................................................................. 299
vii
Contents
Resetting the KX II Using the Reset Button ............................................................................... 299
Appendix A Specifications
301
KX II Physical Specifications ..................................................................................................... 301
Supported Operating Systems (Clients) .................................................................................... 303
Supported Video Resolutions .................................................................................................... 305
Supported Target Server Connection Distance and VideoSupported Target Server Connection
Distance/Refresh Rate/Video Resolution .................................................................................. 306
Supported Browsers .................................................................................................................. 306
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications .................................................. 307
Digital CIM Target Server Timing and Video Resolution ........................................................... 310
Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations .......................................................................... 311
KX II to KX II Guidelines .................................................................................................. 313
KX II to Paragon II Guidelines ......................................................................................... 314
Supported Distance for KX II Integration ......................................................................... 316
Smart Card Readers .................................................................................................................. 316
Supported and Unsupported Smart Card Readers ......................................................... 316
Smart Card Minimum System Requirements .................................................................. 317
Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video Resolutions ................................................................. 319
Audio .......................................................................................................................................... 320
Supported Audio Device Formats.................................................................................... 320
Audio Playback and Capture Recommendations and Requirements ............................. 320
Number of Supported Audio/Virtual Media and Smartcard Connections .................................. 322
Certified Modems ....................................................................................................................... 322
Devices Supported by the Extended Local Port ........................................................................ 322
KX2 8xx Extended Local Port Recommended Maximum Distances ......................................... 322
Supported Remote Connections................................................................................................ 323
Supported Keyboard Languages ............................................................................................... 323
TCP and UDP Ports Used ......................................................................................................... 324
Events Captured in the Audit Log and Syslog ........................................................................... 326
Network Speed Settings ............................................................................................................ 326
Appendix B Dual Video Port Groups
328
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 328
Example Dual Port Video Group Configuration ......................................................................... 329
Step 1: Configure the Target Server Display................................................................... 330
Step 2: Connect the Target Server to the KX II ............................................................... 331
Step 3: Configure the Mouse Mode and Ports ................................................................ 332
Step 4: Create the Dual Video Port Group ...................................................................... 332
Step 5: Launch a Dual Port Video Group ........................................................................ 333
viii
Contents
Recommendations for Dual Port Video ..................................................................................... 334
Supported Mouse Modes ........................................................................................................... 334
CIMs Required for Dual Video Support ..................................................................................... 335
Dual Port Video Group Usability Notes...................................................................................... 335
Permissions and Dual Video Port Group Access ...................................................................... 336
Raritan Client Navigation when Using Dual Video Port Groups ................................................ 337
Direct Port Access and Dual Port Video Groups ....................................................................... 337
Dual Port Video Groups Displayed on the Ports Page .............................................................. 337
Appendix C Using KX II to Access Paragon II
338
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 338
Connecting the Paragon II to the KX II ...................................................................................... 339
Appendix D Updating the LDAP Schema
341
Returning User Group Information............................................................................................. 341
From LDAP/LDAPS ......................................................................................................... 341
From Microsoft Active Directory ...................................................................................... 341
Setting the Registry to Permit Write Operations to the Schema ............................................... 342
Creating a New Attribute ............................................................................................................ 342
Adding Attributes to the Class ................................................................................................... 343
Updating the Schema Cache ..................................................................................................... 345
Editing rciusergroup Attributes for User Members ..................................................................... 345
Appendix E Informational Notes
349
Overview .................................................................................................................................... 349
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) ............................................................................................. 349
IPv6 Support Notes .................................................................................................................... 350
IPv6 Support Notes ......................................................................................................... 350
AKC Download Server Certification Validation IPv6 Support Notes ............................... 351
Dual Stack Login Performance Issues....................................................................................... 351
Mac Notes .................................................................................................................................. 351
Mac Mini BIOS Keystroke Commands ............................................................................ 351
Launching MPC on Mac Lion Clients .............................................................................. 352
Keyboards .................................................................................................................................. 353
Non-US Keyboards .......................................................................................................... 353
Macintosh Keyboard ........................................................................................................ 355
Fedora ........................................................................................................................................ 356
Resolving Fedora Core Focus ......................................................................................... 356
Mouse Pointer Synchronization (Fedora) ........................................................................ 356
VKC and MPC Smart Card Connections to Fedora Servers ........................................... 356
Resolving Issues with Firefox Freezing when Using Fedora .......................................... 356
Video Modes and Resolutions ................................................................................................... 357
SUSE/VESA Video Modes .............................................................................................. 357
Supported Video Resolutions Not Displaying.................................................................. 357
Audio .......................................................................................................................................... 358
Audio Playback and Capture Issues ............................................................................... 358
Audio in a Linux Environment .......................................................................................... 358
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Contents
Audio in a Mac Environment............................................................................................ 359
Audio in a Windows Environment .................................................................................... 359
USB Ports and Profiles .............................................................................................................. 359
VM-CIMs and DL360 USB Ports ..................................................................................... 359
Help for Choosing USB Profiles ...................................................................................... 359
Changing a USB Profile when Using a Smart Card Reader ........................................... 361
Virtual Media .............................................................................................................................. 362
Virtual Media via VKC and AKC in a Windows Environment .......................................... 362
Virtual Media Not Refreshed After Files Added............................................................... 363
Active System Partitions .................................................................................................. 363
Drive Partitions ................................................................................................................ 363
Virtual Media Linux Drive Listed Twice ........................................................................... 363
Mac and Linux Locked, Mapped Drives .......................................................................... 363
Accessing Virtual Media on a Windows 2000 Server Using a D2CIM-VUSB ................. 363
Target BIOS Boot Time with Virtual Media...................................................................... 364
Virtual Media Connection Failures Using High Speed for Virtual Media Connections .... 364
CIMs ........................................................................................................................................... 364
Windows 3-Button Mouse on Linux Targets.................................................................... 364
Windows 2000 Composite USB Device Behavior for Virtual Media................................ 365
CC-SG ....................................................................................................................................... 365
Virtual KVM Client Version Not Known from CC-SG Proxy Mode .................................. 365
Single Mouse Mode - Connecting to a Target Under CC-SG Control Via VKC Using
Firefox .............................................................................................................................. 366
Proxy Mode and MPC ..................................................................................................... 366
Moving Between Ports on a Device................................................................................. 366
x
Contents
Appendix F Frequently Asked Questions
367
General FAQs ............................................................................................................................ 368
Remote Access .......................................................................................................................... 370
Universal Virtual Media .............................................................................................................. 372
Bandwidth and KVM-over-IP Performance ................................................................................ 375
Ethernet and IP Networking ....................................................................................................... 380
IPv6 Networking ......................................................................................................................... 383
Servers ....................................................................................................................................... 384
Blade Servers ............................................................................................................................ 385
Installation .................................................................................................................................. 388
Local Port ................................................................................................................................... 390
Extended Local Port (Dominion KX2-832 and KX2-864 models only) ...................................... 392
Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Control ...................................................................... 394
Local Port Consolidation, Tiering and Cascading...................................................................... 396
Computer Interface Modules (CIMs).......................................................................................... 398
Security ...................................................................................................................................... 400
Smart Cards and CAC Authentication ....................................................................................... 401
Manageability ............................................................................................................................. 403
Documentation and Support ...................................................................................................... 404
Miscellaneous ............................................................................................................................ 404
Index
407
xi
Chapter 1
Introduction
In This Chapter
KX II Overview ...........................................................................................2
KX II Help...................................................................................................4
KX II Client Applications ............................................................................5
Virtual Media ..............................................................................................6
KX II Device Photos...................................................................................7
Product Features .......................................................................................9
Terminology .............................................................................................11
Package Contents ...................................................................................13
1
Chapter 1: Introduction
KX II Overview
Raritan's Dominion KX II is an enterprise-class, secure, digital KVM
(Keyboard, Video, Mouse) switch that provides BIOS-level (and up)
access and control of servers from anywhere in the world via a web
browser. Up to 64 servers can be controlled with a standard KX II. With
the KX II 8-user model, up to 32 servers can be controlled with the KX2832 and up to 64 servers can be controlled with the KX2-864. A scan
feature allows you to locate and view up to 32 targets. The targets are
displayed as thumbnails in a slide show from which users connect to
each target.
The KX II supports up to 8 video channels, allowing up to eight
concurrent users to connect to eight different video targets at any given
point in time. Digital audio devices are supported, allowing you to
connect to playback and record devices from the remote client PC to the
target server. At the rack, the KX II provides BIOS-level control of up to
64 servers and other IT devices from a single keyboard, monitor, and
mouse. The integrated remote access capabilities of the KX II provide
the same levels of control of your servers via a web browser.
The KX II is easily installed using standard UTP (Cat 5/5e/6) cabling. Its
advanced features include virtual media, 256-bit encryption, dual power
supplies, remote power control, dual Ethernet, LDAP, RADIUS, Active
Directory®, Syslog integration, external modem capabilities, and web
management. The KX II 8-user model also provides an extended local
port located on the back of the device. These features enable you to
deliver higher up-time, better productivity, and bulletproof security - at
any time from anywhere.
KX II products can operate as standalone appliances and do not rely on
a central management device. For larger data centers and enterprises,
numerous KX II devices (along with Dominion SX devices for remote
serial console access and Dominion KSX for remote/branch office
management) can be integrated into a single logical solution using
Raritan's CommandCenter Secure Gateway (CC-SG) management unit.
2
Chapter 1: Introduction
3
Chapter 1: Introduction
Diagram key
Local port access
Tiering
IP-based network
access
Extended local port
Modem
Mobile access via iPhone®
and iPad® using CC-SG
Virtual media
Digital audio
Smart card access at
the rack
CIMs
Remote smart card
access
Cat5/6 cable
KX II Help
The KX II help provides information on how to install, set up, and
configure the KX II. It also includes information on accessing target
servers, using virtual media, managing users and security, and
maintaining and diagnosing the KX II.
See the KX II release notes for important information on the current
release before you begin using the KX II.
A PDF version of the help can be downloaded from the Raritan
Firmware and Documentation page on the Raritan website. Raritan
recommends that you refer to the Raritan website for the most up-to-date
user guides available.
To use online help, Active Content must be enabled in your browser. If
you are using Internet Explorer 7, you must enable Scriplets. Consult
your browser help for information on enabling these features.
What's New in the Help
The following information has been added based on enhancements and
changes to the equipment and/or user documentation.

New KX2-808 model with 8 KVM ports, 1 local port, 1 extended local
port, and support for 8 remote users over the network
Please see the KX II Release Notes for a more detailed explanation of
the changes applied to the appliance and this version of the help.
4
Chapter 1: Introduction
Related Documentation
The KX II help is accompanied by the KX II Quick Setup Guide, which
can be found on the Raritan Firmware and Documentation page of
Raritan's website (http://www.raritan.com/support/firmware-anddocumentation).
Installation requirements and instructions for client applications used with
the KX II can be found in the KVM and Serial Access Clients Guide,
also found on the Raritan website. Where applicable, specific client
functions used with the KX II are included in the help.
KX II Client Applications
The following client applications can be used in the KX II:
Product
Works with...
MPC
AKC
VKC
RSC
RRC
KX II (Generation 2)
KX II 2.2 (or later)
See the KVM and Serial Client Guide for additional information on the
client applications. Also see the Working with Target Servers (on page
44) section of this guide, which contains information on using the clients
with the KX II.
Note: MPC and VKC require the Java™ Runtime Environment (JRE™).
AKC is .NET based.
5
Chapter 1: Introduction
Virtual Media
All KX II models support virtual media. Each KX II comes equipped with
virtual media to enable remote management tasks using the widest
variety of CD, DVD, USB, audio playback and record devices, internal
and remote drives, and images. The KX II supports virtual media access
of hard drives and remotely mounted images.
Virtual media sessions are secured using 256-bit AES or RC4
encryption.
Digital CIMs, the D2CIM-VUSB CIM and D2CIM-DVUSB (computer
interface module) support virtual media sessions to KVM target servers
supporting the USB 2.0 interface. These CIMs also support Absolute
Mouse Synchronization and virtual media, as well as remote firmware
update.
Note: The black connector on the DVUSB CIM is used for keyboard and
mouse. The gray connector is used for virtual media. Keep both plugs of
the CIM connected to the device. The device may not operate properly if
both plugs are not connected to the target server.
6
Chapter 1: Introduction
KX II Device Photos
KX II
KX2-808
7
Chapter 1: Introduction
KX2-832
KX2-864
See KX II Dimensions and Physical Specifications (see "KX II
Physical Specifications" on page 301) for product specifications. See
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications (on
page 307) for CIM specifications and images.
8
Chapter 1: Introduction
Product Features
Hardware

Integrated KVM-over-IP remote access

1U or 2U rack-mountable (brackets included)

Dual power supplies with failover; autoswitching power supply with
power failure warning

Support for tiering in which a base KX II device is used to access
multiple other tiered devices. See Configuring and Enabling
Tiering (on page 164) for more information on tiering.

Multiple user capacity (1/2/4/8 remote users; 1 local user)

UTP (Cat5/5e/6) server cabling

Dual Ethernet ports (10/100/1000 LAN) with failover

Field upgradable

Local User port for in-rack access

PS/2 keyboard/mouse ports on the KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2864 are USB only

One front and three back panel USB 2.0 ports for supported USB
devices

Fully concurrent with remote user access

Local graphical user interface (GUI) for administration

Extended local port provides extended reach to in-rack access on
KX2 8xx devices

Centralized access security

Integrated power control

LED indicators for dual power status, network activity, and remote
user status

Hardware Reset button

Serial port to connect to an external modem

Supported users and ports per model:
Model
Remote users
Ports
KX II-864
8
64
KX II-832
8
32
KX II-808
8
8
KX II-464
4
64
KX II-432
4
32
9
Chapter 1: Introduction
Model
Remote users
Ports
KX II-416
4
16
KX II-232
2
32
KX II-216
2
16
KX II-132
1
32
KX II-116
1
16
KX II-108
1
8
Software
10

Virtual media support in Windows®, Mac® and Linux® environments
with D2CIM-VUSB and D2CIM-DVUSB CIMs and digital CIMs

Support for digital audio over USB

Port scanning and thumbnail view of up to 32 targets within a
configurable scan set

Absolute Mouse Synchronization with D2CIM-VUSB CIM, D2CIMDVUSB CIM and digital CIMs

Plug-and-Play

Web-based access and management

Intuitive graphical user interface (GUI)

Support for dual port video output

256-bit encryption of complete KVM signal, including video and
virtual media

LDAP, Active Directory®, RADIUS, or internal authentication and
authorization

DHCP or fixed IP addressing

Smart card/CAC authentication

SNMP, SNMP3 and Syslog management

IPv4 and IPv6 support

Power control associated directly with servers to prevent mistakes

Integration with Raritan's CommandCenter Secure Gateway (CCSG) management unit

CC Unmanage feature to remove device from CC-SG control

Support of Raritan PX1 and PX2 appliances
Chapter 1: Introduction
Terminology
Help uses the following terminology for typical KX II components:
11
Chapter 1: Introduction
Diagram Key
TCP/IP
IPv4 and/or IPv6
KVM (Keyboard, Video, Mouse)
UTP Cable (Cat5/5e/6)
KX II
Local Access Console
Local User - an optional user console (consisting of a
keyboard, mouse, and multi-sync VGA monitor)
attached directly to the KX II to control KVM target
servers (directly at the rack, not through the network).
A USB smart card reader can also be attached at the
Local port to mount onto a target server. An extended
local port is also provided on the DKX2-808, DKX2-832
and DKX2-864 models.
Remote PC
Networked computers used to access and control KVM
target servers connected to the KX II. A USB smart
card reader can also be attached to the remote PC and
attached to a target server via the KX II.
CIMs
Dongles that connect to each target server or rack PDU
(power strip). Available for all of the supported
operating systems.
Target Servers
KVM Target Servers - servers with video cards and
user interfaces (for example, Windows® operating
system®, Linux®, Solaris™, etc.) accessed remotely via
the KX II.
Dominion PX Rack PDU (Power Strips)
Raritan rack PDUs accessed remotely via the KX II.
See Supported CIMs and Operating Systems (Target Servers) for a
list of the supported operating systems and CIMs, and see Supported
Operating Systems (Clients) (on page 303) for a list of the operating
systems supported by the KX II remotely.
12
Chapter 1: Introduction
Package Contents
Each KX II ships as a fully-configured stand-alone product in a standard
1U (2U for DKX2-864) 19" rackmount chassis. Each KX II device ships
with the following contents:
Amount
included
Item
1
KX II device
1
KX II Quick Setup Guide
1
Rackmount kit
2
AC power cords
2
Cat5 network cable
1
Cat5 network crossover cable
1
Set of 4 rubber feet (for desktop use)
1
Application note
1
Warranty card
13
Chapter 2
Installation and Configuration
In This Chapter
Overview ..................................................................................................14
Rack Mounting .........................................................................................14
Default Login Information ........................................................................17
Getting Started ........................................................................................18
Overview
This section provides a brief overview of the installation process. Each
step is further detailed in the remaining sections of this chapter.
To install and configure the KX II:

Step 1: Configure KVM Target Servers (on page 18)

Step 2: Configure Network Firewall Settings (on page 30)

Step 3: Connect the Equipment (on page 31)

Step 4: Configure the KX II (on page 35)

Step 5: Launch the KX II Remote Console (on page 41)

Step 6: Configure the Keyboard Language (Optional) (on page
42)

Step 7: Configure Tiering (Optional) (on page 43)
Also included in this section is the default login information you will need.
Specifically, the default IP address, user name, and password. See
Default Login Information (on page 17).
Rack Mounting
The KX II can be mounted in 1U (1.75", 4.4 cm) of vertical space in a
standard 19" equipment rack.
Forward Mount
Note: The Raritan device used in the diagrams shown here are for
example purposes only, and may not be a picture of the KX II device.
However, the mounting instructions are consistent.
The steps correspond to the numbers shown in the front rackmount
diagrams.
1. Secure the cable-support bar to the back end of the side brackets
using two of the included screws.
14
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
2. Slide the user station or KVM switch between the side brackets, with
its rear panel facing the cable-support bar, until its front panel is flush
with the “ears” of the side brackets.
3. Secure the user station or switch to the side brackets using the
remaining included screws (three on each side).
4. Mount the entire assembly in your rack and secure the side brackets'
ears to the rack's front rails with your own screws, bolts, cage nuts,
and so on.
5. When connecting cables to the rear panel of the user station or
switch, drape them over the cable-support bar.
Front rackmount
Front rackmount
15
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Rear Mount
Note: The Raritan device used in the diagrams shown here are for
example purposes only, and may not be a picture of the KX II device.
However, the mounting instructions are consistent.
The steps correspond to the numbers shown in the rear rackmount
diagrams.
1. Secure the cable-support bar to the front end of the side brackets,
near the side brackets' “ears,” using two of the included screws.
2. Slide the user station or KVM switch between the side brackets, with
its rear panel facing the cable-support bar, until its front panel is flush
with the back edges of the side brackets.
3. Secure the user station or switch to the side brackets using the
remaining included screws (three on each side).
4. Mount the entire assembly in your rack and secure the side brackets'
ears to the rack's front rails with your own screws, bolts, cage nuts,
and so on.
5. When connecting cables to the rear panel of the user station or
switch, drape them over the cable-support bar.
Rear rackmount
16
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Rear rackmount
Default Login Information
Default
Value
User name
The default user name is admin. This user has
administrative privileges.
Password
The default password is raritan.
Passwords are case sensitive and must be entered in the
exact case combination in which they were created. For
example, the default password raritan must be entered
entirely in lowercase letters.
The first time you start the KX II, you are required to
change the default password.
IP address
The KX II ships with the default IP address of
192.168.0.192.
Important: For backup and business continuity purposes, it is strongly
recommended that you create a backup administrator user name and
password and keep that information in a secure location.
17
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Getting Started
Step 1: Configure KVM Target Servers
KVM target servers are the computers that are accessed and controlled
via the KX II. Before installing the KX II, configure all KVM target servers
to ensure optimum performance. This configuration applies only to KVM
target servers, not to the client workstations (remote PCs) used to
access the KX II remotely. See Terminology (on page 11) for additional
information.
Desktop Background
For optimal bandwidth efficiency and video performance, KVM target
servers running graphical user interfaces such as Windows®, Linux®, XWindows, Solaris™, and KDE may require configuration. The desktop
background does not need to be completely solid, but desktop
backgrounds featuring photos or complex gradients might degrade
performance.
Mouse Settings
The KX II operates in Absolute Mouse Mode™, Intelligent Mouse Mode
and Standard Mouse Mode.
Mouse parameters do not have to be altered for Absolute Mouse
Synchronization, but a D2CIM-VUSB, D2CIM-DVUSB or digital CIM is
required. For both the Standard and Intelligent Mouse Modes, mouse
parameters must be set to specific values. Mouse configurations vary on
different target operating systems. Consult your operating system
documentation for additional details.
Intelligent Mouse Mode works well on most Windows platforms but may
produce unpredictable results when Active Desktop is set on the target.
Do not use an animated mouse for Intelligent Mouse Mode. For
additional information on Intelligent mouse mode settings, see
Intelligent Mouse Mode (on page 84).
Servers with internal KVM switches inside the blade chassis typically do
not support absolute mouse technology.
Windows XP, Windows 2003 and Windows 2008 Settings
To configure KVM target servers running Microsoft® Windows
XP® operating system, Windows 2003® operating system or
Windows 2008® operating systems:
1. Configure the mouse settings:
18
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
a. Choose Start > Control Panel > Mouse.
b. Click the Pointer Options tab.
c.
In the Motion group:

Set the mouse motion speed setting to exactly the middle
speed.

Disable the "Enhance pointer precision" option.

Disable the Snap To option.

Click OK.
Note: When you are running Windows 2003 on your target server, if
you access the server via KVM and perform any one off the actions
listed below, mouse synchronization may be lost if it has been
previously enabled. You will need to select the Synchronize Mouse
command from the Mouse menu in the client to enable it again.
Following are the actions that may cause this to occur:
- Opening a text editor.
- Accessing the Mouse Properties, Keyboard Properties, and Phone
and Mode Options from the Windows Control Panel.
2. Disable transition effects:
a. Select the Display option from the Control Panel.
b. Click the Appearance tab.
c.
Click Effects.
d. Deselect the "Use the following transition effect for menus and
tooltips" option.
e. Click OK.
3. Close the Control Panel.
19
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Note: For KVM target servers running Windows XP, Windows 2000 or
Windows 2008, you may wish to create a user name that will be used
only for remote connections through the KX II. This will enable you to
keep the target server's slow mouse pointer motion/acceleration settings
exclusive to the KX II connection.
Windows XP, 2000, and 2008 login pages revert to preset mouse
parameters that differ from those suggested for optimal KX II
performance. As a result, mouse synchronization may not be optimal for
these screens.
Note: Proceed only if you are comfortable adjusting the registry on
Windows KVM target servers. You can obtain better KX II mouse
synchronization at the login pages by using the Windows registry editor
to change the following settings: HKey_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control
Panel\Mouse: > MouseSpeed = 0;MouseThreshold
1=0;MouseThreshold 2=0.
Windows 7 and Windows Vista Settings
To configure KVM target servers running Windows Vista®
operating system:
1. Configure the mouse settings:
a. Choose Start > Settings > Control Panel > Mouse.
b. Select "Advanced system settings" from the left navigation panel.
The System Properties dialog opens.
c.
Click the Pointer Options tab.
d. In the Motion group:

Set the mouse motion speed setting to exactly the middle
speed.

Disable the "Enhanced pointer precision" option.

Click OK.
2. Disable animation and fade effects:
a. Select the System option from the Control Panel.
b. Select Performance Information then Tools > Advanced Tools >
Adjust to adjust the appearance and performance of Windows.
c.
Click the Advanced tab.
d. Click Settings in the Performance group to open the
Performance Options dialog.
e. Under Custom options, deselect the following checkboxes:

20
Animation options:
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration


Animate controls and elements inside windows

Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing
Fade options:

Fade or slide menus into view

Fade or slide ToolTips into view

Fade out menu items after clicking
3. Click OK and Close the Control Panel.
To configure KVM target servers running Windows 7® operating
system:
1. Configure the mouse settings:
a. Choose Start > Control Panel > Hardware and Sound > Mouse.
b. Click the Pointer Options tab.
c.
In the Motion group:

Set the mouse motion speed setting to exactly the middle
speed.

Disable the "Enhanced pointer precision" option.

Click OK.
2. Disable animation and fade effects:
a. Select Control Panel > System and Security.
b. Select System and then select "Advanced system settings" from
the left navigation panel. The System Properties dialog appears.
c.
Click the Advanced tab.
d. Click the Settings button in the Performance group to open the
Performance Options dialog.
e. Under Custom options, deselect the following checkboxes:


Animation options:

Animate controls and elements inside windows

Animate windows when minimizing and maximizing
Fade options:

Fade or slide menus into view

Fade or slide ToolTips into view

Fade out menu items after clicking
3. Click OK and Close the Control Panel.
21
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Windows 2000 Settings
To configure KVM target servers running Microsoft® Windows
2000® operating system:
1. Configure the mouse settings:
a. Choose Start > Control Panel > Mouse.
b. Click the Motion tab.

Set the acceleration to None.

Set the mouse motion speed setting to exactly the middle
speed.

Click OK.
2. Disable transition effects:
a. Select the Display option from the Control Panel.
b. Click the Effects tab.

Deselect the "Use the following transition effect for menus
and tooltips" option.
3. Click OK and close the Control Panel.
Note: For KVM target servers running Windows XP, Windows 2000 or
Windows 2008, you may wish to create a user name that will be used
only for remote connections through the KX II. This will enable you to
keep the target server's slow mouse pointer motion/acceleration settings
exclusive to the KX II connection.
Windows XP, 2000, and 2008 login pages revert to preset mouse
parameters that differ from those suggested for optimal KX II
performance. As a result, mouse synchronization may not be optimal for
these screens.
Note: Proceed only if you are comfortable adjusting the registry on
Windows KVM target servers. You can obtain better KX II mouse
synchronization at the login pages by using the Windows registry editor
to change the following settings: HKey_USERS\.DEFAULT\Control
Panel\Mouse: > MouseSpeed = 0;MouseThreshold
1=0;MouseThreshold 2=0.
Linux Settings (Red Hat 4 and 5, and Fedora 14)
Note: The following settings are optimized for Standard Mouse mode
only.
To configure KVM target servers running Linux® (graphical user
interface):
1. Configure the mouse settings:
22
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
a. Choose Main Menu > Preferences > Mouse. The Mouse
Preferences dialog appears.
b. Click the Motion tab.
c.
Within the Speed group, set the Acceleration slider to the exact
center.
d. Within the Speed group, set the Sensitivity towards low.
e. Within the Drag & Drop group, set the Threshold towards small.
f.
Close the Mouse Preferences dialog.
Note: If these steps do not work, issue the xset mouse 1 1 command
as described in the Linux command line instructions.
2. Configure the screen resolution:
a. Choose Main Menu > System Settings > Display. The Display
Settings dialog appears.
b. From the Display tab, select a Resolution supported by the KX II.
c.
From the Advanced tab, verify that the Refresh Rate is
supported by the KX II.
Note: Once connected to the target server, in many Linux graphical
environments, the <Ctrl> <Alt> <+> command will change the video
resolution, scrolling through all available resolutions that remain enabled
in the XF86Config or /etc/X11/xorg.conf, depending on your X server
distribution.
To configure KVM target servers running Linux (command line):
1. Set the mouse acceleration to exactly 1 and set the threshold to
exactly 1. Enter this command: xset mouse 1 1. This should be set
for execution upon login.
2. Ensure that each target server running Linux is using a resolution
supported by the KX II at a standard VESA resolution and refresh
rate.
3. Each Linux target server should also be set so the blanking times are
within +/- 40% of VESA standard values:
a. Go to the Xfree86 Configuration file XF86Config.
b. Using a text editor, disable all non-KX II supported resolutions.
c.
Disable the virtual desktop feature (not supported by the KX II).
d. Check blanking times (+/- 40% of VESA standard).
e. Restart computer.
23
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Note: If you change the video resolution, you must log off of the target
server and log back in for the video settings to take effect.
Note for Red Hat and Fedora KVM Target Servers
If you are running Red Hat® on the target server using a USB CIM, and
are experiencing problems with the keyboard and/or mouse, there is an
additional configuration setting you can try.
Tip: You might have to perform these steps even after a fresh OS
installation.
To configure Red Hat servers using USB CIMs:
1. Locate the configuration file (usually /etc/modules.conf) in your
system.
2. Using the editor of your choice, make sure that the alias usbcontroller line in the modules.conf file is as follows:
alias usb-controller usb-uhci
Note: If there is another line using usb-uhci in the /etc/modules.conf
file, it needs to be removed or commented out.
3. Save the file.
4. Reboot the system in order for the changes to take effect.
Linux Settings (for Standard Mouse Mode)
Note: The following settings are optimized for Standard Mouse mode
only.
To configure KVM target servers running Linux® (graphical user
interface):
1. Configure the mouse settings:
a. Red Hat 5 users, choose Main Menu > Preferences > Mouse.
Red Hat 4 users, choose System > Preferences > Mouse. The
Mouse Preferences dialog appears.
b. Click on the Motion tab.
c.
Within the Speed group, set the Acceleration slider to the exact
center.
d. Within the Speed group, set the Sensitivity towards low.
e. Within the Drag & Drop group, set the Threshold towards small.
f.
Close the Mouse Preferences dialog.
Note: If these steps do not work, issue the xset mouse 1 1 command
as described in the Linux command line instructions.
24
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
2. Configure the screen resolution:
a. Choose Main Menu > System Settings > Display. The Display
Settings dialog appears.
b. On the Settings tab, select a Resolution supported by the KX II.
c.
Click OK.
Note: Once connected to the target server, in many Linux graphical
environments, the <Ctrl> <Alt> <+> command will change the video
resolution, scrolling through all available resolutions that remain enabled
in the XF86Config or /etc/X11/xorg.conf, depending on your X server
distribution
Note: If you change the video resolution, you must log out of the target
server and log back in for the video settings to take effect.
SUSE Linux 10.1 Settings
Note: Do not attempt to synchronize the mouse at the SUSE Linux® login
prompt. You must be connected to the target server to synchronize the
mouse cursors.
To configure the mouse settings:
1. Choose Desktop > Control Center. The Desktop Preferences dialog
appears.
2. Click Mouse. The Mouse Preferences dialog appears.
3. Open the Motion tab.
4. Within the Speed group, set the Acceleration slider to the exact
center position.
5. Within the Speed group, set the Sensitivity slider to low.
6. Within the Drag & Drop group, set the Threshold slider to small.
7. Click Close.
To configure the video:
1. Choose Desktop Preferences > Graphics Card and Monitor. The
Card and Monitor Properties dialog appears.
2. Verify that a Resolution and Refresh Rate is in use that is supported
by the KX II. See Supported Video Resolutions (on page 305) for
more information.
Note: If you change the video resolution, you must log out of the
target server and log back in for the video settings to take effect.
25
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Make Linux Settings Permanent
Note: These steps may vary slightly depending on the specific version of
Linux® in use.
To make your settings permanent in Linux (prompt):
1. Choose System Menu > Preferences > Personal > Sessions.
2. Click the Session Options tab.
3. Select the "Prompt on log off" checkbox and click OK. This option
prompts you to save your current session when you log out.
4. Upon logging out, select the "Save current setup" option from the
dialog.
5. Click OK.
Tip: If you do not want to be prompted upon log out, follow these
procedures instead.
To make your settings permanent in Linux (no prompt):
1. Choose Desktop > Control Center > System > Sessions.
2. Click the Session Options tab.
3. Deselect the "Prompt on the log off" checkbox.
4. Select the "Automatically save changes to the session" checkbox
and click OK. This option automatically saves your current session
when you log out.
Sun Solaris Settings
To configure KVM target servers running Sun™ Solaris™:
1. Set the mouse acceleration value to exactly 1 and the threshold to
exactly 1. This can be performed from:
26

The graphical user interface.

The command line xset mouse a t where a is the acceleration
and t is the threshold.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
2. All KVM target servers must be configured to one of the display
resolutions supported by the KX II. The most popular supported
resolutions for Sun machines are:
Display resolution
Vertical refresh rate
Aspect ratio
1600 x 1200
60 Hz
4:3
1280 x 1024
60,75,85 Hz
5:4
1152 x 864
75 Hz
4:3
1024 x 768
60,70,75,85 Hz
4:3
800 x 600
56,60,72,75,85 Hz
4:3
720 x 400
85 Hz
9:5
640 x 480
60,72,75,85 Hz
4:3
3. KVM target servers running the Solaris operating system must output
VGA video (H-and-V sync, not composite sync).
To change your Sun video card output from composite sync to
the nondefault VGA output:
1. Issue the Stop+A command to drop to bootprom mode.
2. Issue the following command to change the output resolution: setenv
output-device screen:r1024x768x70
3. Issue the boot command to reboot the server.
You can also contact your Raritan representative to purchase a video
output adapter:
If you have:
Use this video output adapter:
Sun 13W3 with composite
sync output
APSSUN II Guardian converter
Sun HD15 with composite
sync output
1396C converter to convert from
HD15 to 13W3 and an APSSUN II
Guardian converter to support
composite sync
Sun HD15 with separate sync
output
APKMSUN Guardian converter
Note: Some of the standard Sun background screens may not center
precisely on certain Sun servers with dark borders. Use another
background or place a light colored icon in the upper left hand corner.
Mouse Settings
To configure the mouse settings (Sun Solaris 10.1):
1. Choose Launcher. Application Manager - Desktop Controls opens.
27
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
2. Choose Mouse Style Manager. The Style Manager - Mouse dialog
appears.
3. Set the Acceleration slider to 1.0.
4. Set the Threshold slider to 1.0.
5. Click OK.
Accessing the Command Line
1. Right click.
2. Choose Tools > Terminal. A terminal window opens. (It is best to be
at the root to issue commands.)
Video Settings (POST)
Sun systems have two different resolution settings: a POST resolution
and a GUI resolution. Run these commands from the command line.
Note: 1024x768x75 is used as an example here; substitute the resolution
and refresh rate you are using.
To check current POST resolution:

Run the following command as the root: # eeprom outputdevice
To change POST resolution:
1. Run # eeprom output-device=screen:r1024x768x75.
2. Log out or restart computer.
Video Settings (GUI)
The GUI resolution can be checked and set using different commands
depending on the video card in use. Run these commands from the
command line.
Note: 1024x768x75 is used as an example here; substitute the resolution
and refresh rate you are using.
28
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Card
To check resolution:
To change resolution:
32-bit
# /usr/sbin/pgxconfig -prconf
1. # /usr/sbin/pgxconfig -res
1024x768x75
2. Log out or restart computer.
64-bit
# /usr/sbin/m64config -prconf
1. # /usr/sbin/m64config -res
1024x768x75
2. Log out or restart computer.
32-bit
and
64-bit
# /usr/sbin/fbconfig -prconf
1. # /usr/sbin/fbconfig -res
1024x768x75
2. Log out or restart computer.
IBM AIX 5.3 Settings
Follow these steps to configure KVM target servers running IBM® AIX™
5.3.
To configure the mouse:
1. Go to Launcher.
2. Choose Style Manager.
3. Click Mouse. The Style Manager - Mouse dialog appears.
4. Use the sliders to set the Mouse acceleration to 1.0 and Threshold to
1.0.
5. Click OK.
To configure the video:
1. From the Launcher, select Application Manager.
2. Select System_Admin.
3. Choose Smit > Devices > Graphic Displays > Select the Display
Resolution and Refresh Rate.
4. Select the video card in use.
5. Click List. A list of display modes is presented.
6. Select a resolution and refresh rate supported by the KX II. See
Supported Video Resolutions (on page 305) for more information.
Note: If you change the video resolution, you must log out of the target
server and log back in for the video settings to take effect.
29
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Make UNIX Settings Permanent
Note: These steps may vary slightly depending on the type of UNIX® (for
example, Solaris™, IBM® AIX™) and the specific version in use.
1. Choose Style Manager > Startup. The Style Manager - Startup
dialog appears.
2. On the Logout Confirmation dialog, select the On option. This option
prompts you to save your current session when you log out.
Apple Macintosh Settings
For KVM target servers running an Apple Macintosh® operating system,
the preferred method is to use the D2CIM-VUSB and Absolute Mouse
Synchronization.
Note: 'USB Profile 'Mac OS-X, version 10.4.9 and later' must be selected
from the USB Profile menu or the Port Configuration page.
Step 2: Configure Network Firewall Settings
To access KX II through a network firewall via Multi-Platform Client or
through the Port Access page, your firewall must allow communication
on TCP Port 5000 or another port that you designate.
To take advantage of the KX II:
The firewall must allow
inbound communication on:
Web-access capabilities
Port 443 - standard TCP port for
HTTPS communication
Automatic redirection of HTTP
requests to HTTPS
(so the more common
“http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx” can be
used instead of
“https://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx”)
Port 80 - standard TCP port for
HTTP communication
See Network Settings (on page 157) for additional information about
designating another discovery port.
30
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Step 3: Connect the Equipment
Connect the KX II to the power supply, network, local PC, local video
display, keyboard and mouse, and target servers. The letters in the
diagram correspond to the topics in this section that describe the
connection.
A. AC Power
To connect the power supply:
1. Attach the included AC power cord to the KX II and plug into an AC
power outlet.
2. For dual power failover protection, attach the second included AC
power cord and plug it into a different power source than the first
power cord.
Note: If you only attach one power cord, the power LED on the KX II front
panel will be red because the system is set to automatically detect both
sources. See Power Supply Setup (on page 184) for information about
turning off automatic detection for the power source that is not in use.
B. Modem Port (Optional)
The KX II features a dedicated modem port for remote access even
when the LAN/WAN is unavailable. Using a straight-through serial (RS232) cable, connect an external serial modem to the port labeled
MODEM on the back of the KX II. See Specifications (on page 301) for
a list of certified modems and Configuring Modem Settings (on page
172) for information on configuring the modem.
Note: Raritan recommends configuring the modem by enabling the CD
(carrier detect) setting.
31
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
C. Network Port
The KX II provides two Ethernet ports for failover purposes (not for loadbalancing). By default, only LAN1 is active and the automatic failover is
disabled. When enabled, if the KX II internal network interface or the
network switch to which it is connected becomes unavailable, LAN2 will
be enabled using the same IP address.
Note: Because a failover port is not activated until after a failover has
actually occurred, Raritan recommends that you either not monitor the
failover port or monitor it only after a failover occurs.
To connect the network:
1. Connect a standard Ethernet cable (included) from the network port
labeled LAN1 to an Ethernet switch, hub, or router.
2. To make use of the optional KX II Ethernet failover capabilities:

Connect a standard Ethernet cable from the network port labeled
LAN2 to an Ethernet switch, hub, or router.

Enable Automatic Failover on the Network Configuration page.
Note: Use both network ports only if you want to use one as a failover
port.
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Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
D. Local Access Port (Local Video Display, Keyboard and Mouse)
For convenient access to target servers while at the rack, use the KX II
Local Access port. While the Local Access port is required for installation
and setup, it is optional for subsequent use. The Local Access port also
provides a graphical user interface from the KX II Local Console for
administration and target server access.
The KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 also provide you with an Extended
Local port, labeled EXT LOCAL on the back of the device, for access to
target servers while at the rack. The Extended Local port is not required
for the initial installation and setup. It is not enabled by default and is
configured from the Local Console and the Remote Console. See
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings (on page 220) for additional
information.
To connect the local port:

Attach a multi-sync VGA monitor, mouse, and keyboard to the
respective Local User ports using either a PS/2 or USB keyboard
and mouse (KX2-808, DKX2-832 and DKX2-864 provide USB only).
The physical connections for the Local User and Extended Local
ports can be found on the back panel of the KX II.
Connection
Description
Monitor
Attach a standard multi-sync VGA
monitor to the HD15 (female) video
port.
Keyboard
Attach either a standard PS/2
keyboard to the Mini-DIN6 (female)
keyboard port, or a standard USB
keyboard to one of the USB Type A
(female) ports.
Mouse
Attach either a standard PS/2 mouse
to the Mini-DIN6 (female) mouse port
or a standard USB mouse to one of
the USB Type A (female) ports.
Note: Future KX II models will provide USB ports and not PS/2 local
ports.
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Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
E. Target Server Ports
The KX II uses standard UTP cabling (Cat5/5e/6) to connect to each
target server. See Supported Target Server Connection
Distance/Refresh Rate/Video Resolution (see "Supported Target
Server Connection Distance and VideoSupported Target Server
Connection Distance/Refresh Rate/Video Resolution" on page 306)
for information on the supported distances between the KX II and target
server. If you are using digital CIMs (DCIMs), review Digital CIM Target
Server Timing and Video Resolution (on page 310).
To connect a target server to the KX II:
1. Use the appropriate Computer Interface Module (CIM) or Digital
Computer Interface Module (DCIM). See Supported Computer
Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications (on page 307) for more
information about the CIMs to use with each operating system.
2. Attach the HD15 video connector of your CIM/DCIM to the port of
your target server. Ensure that your target server's video has already
been configured to a supported resolution and refresh rate. For Sun
servers, ensure that your target server's video card is set to output
standard VGA (H-and-V sync) and not composite sync.
3. Attach the keyboard/mouse connector of your CIM/DCIM to the
corresponding ports on your target server. Use a DCIM if you are
connecting from the target server video port to the KX II.
4. Attach the CIM to an available server port on the back of the KX II
device. Use a standard, straight-through UTP (Cat5/5e/6) cable for
CIMs or standard USB cable for DCIMs.
Note: The DCIM-USB G2 provides a small slide switch on the back of the
CIM. Move the switch to P for PC-based USB target servers. Move the
switch to S for Sun USB target servers.
A new switch position takes effect only after the CIM is power-cycled. To
power-cycle the CIM, remove the USB connector from the target server
and plug it back in a few seconds later.
34
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Step 4: Configure the KX II
The first time you power up the KX II device, there is some initial
configuration that you need to perform through the KX II Local Console:

Change the default password

Assign the IP address

Configure Date/Time Settings (Optional)

Name the KVM target servers
The KX II can be configured remotely via web browser. This requires the
workstation have an appropriate Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
version installed.
Changing the Default Password
The KX II ships with a default password. The first time you start the KX II
you are required to change that password.
To change the default password:
1. Once the unit has booted, enter the default username (admin) and
password (raritan). Click Login.
2. Enter the old password (raritan), enter a new password and then
enter the new password again. Passwords can be up to 64
characters in length and can consist of English, alphanumeric and
special characters. Click Apply. Click OK on the Confirmation page.
3. Note: The default password can also be changed from the Raritan
Multi-Platform Client (MPC).
Note: The default password can also be changed from the Raritan MultiPlatform Client (MPC).
Assigning an IP Address
These procedures describe how to assign an IP address on the Network
Settings page. For complete information about all of the fields and the
operation of this page, see Network Settings (on page 157).
To assign an IP address:
1. Choose Device Settings > Network. The Network Settings page
opens.
2. Specify a meaningful Device Name for your KX II device. Up to 32
alphanumeric characters using valid special characters and no
spaces.
3. In the IPv4 section, enter or select the appropriate IPv4-specific
network settings:
35
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
a. Enter the IP Address if needed. The default IP address is
192.168.0.192.
b. Enter the Subnet Mask. The default subnet mask is
255.255.255.0.
c.
Enter the Default Gateway if None is selected from the IP Auto
Configuration drop-down.
d. Enter the Preferred DHCP Host Name if DHCP is selected from
the IP Auto Configuration drop-down.
e. Select the IP Auto Configuration. The following options are
available:

None (Static IP) - This option requires that you manually specify
the network parameters.
This is the recommended option because the KX II is an
infrastructure device and its IP address should not change.

DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is used by
networked computers (clients) to obtain unique IP addresses
and other parameters from a DHCP server.
With this option, network parameters are assigned by the DHCP
server. If DHCP is used, enter the Preferred host name (DHCP
only). Up to 63 characters.
4. If IPv6 is to be used, enter or select the appropriate IPv6-specific
network settings in the IPv6 section:
a. Select the IPv6 checkbox to activate the fields in the section.
b. Enter a Global/Unique IP Address. This is the IP address
assigned to the KX II.
c.
Enter the Prefix Length. This is the number of bits used in the
IPv6 address.
d. Enter the Gateway IP Address.
e. Link-Local IP Address. This address is automatically assigned to
the device. It is used for neighbor discovery or when no routers
are present. Read-Only
f.
Zone ID. This identifies the device with which the address is
associated. Read-Only
g. Select the IP Auto Configuration. The following options are
available:

36
None - Use this option if you do not want an auto IP configuration
and prefer to set the IP address yourself (static IP). This is the
default and recommended option.
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
If None is selected for the IP auto configuration, the following
Network Basic Settings fields are enabled: Global/Unique IP
Address, Prefix Length, and Gateway IP Address allowing you to
manually set the IP configuration.

Router Discovery - Use this option to automatically assign IPv6
addresses that have Global or Unique Local significance beyond
that of the Link Local, which only applies to a directly connected
subnet.
5. Select Obtain DNS Server Address Automatically if DHCP is
selected and Obtain DNS Server Address is enabled. When Obtain
DNS Server Address Automatically is selected, the DNS information
provided by the DHCP server will be used.
6. If Use the Following DNS Server Addresses is selected, regardless
of whether DHCP is selected or not, the addresses entered in this
section will be used to connect to the DNS server.
Enter the following information if the Following DNS Server
Addresses option is selected. These addresses are the primary and
secondary DNS addresses that will be used if the primary DNS
server connection is lost due to an outage.
a. Primary DNS Server IP Address
b. Secondary DNS Server IP Address
7. When finished, click OK.
See LAN Interface Settings (on page 160) for information in configuring
this section of the Network Settings page.
Note: In some environments, the default LAN Interface Speed & Duplex
setting Autodetect (autonegotiator) does not properly set the network
parameters, which results in network issues. In these instances, setting
the KX II LAN Interface Speed & Duplex field to 100 Mbps/Full Duplex
(or whatever option is appropriate to your network) addresses the issue.
See the Network Settings (on page 157) page for more information.
Configure Date/Time Settings (Optional)
Optionally, configure the date and time settings. Note that date and time
settings impact SSL certificate validation if LDAPS is enabled.
To set the date and time:
1. Choose Device Settings > Date/Time. The Date/Time Settings page
opens.
2. Choose your time zone from the Time Zone drop-down list.
3. To adjust for daylight savings time, check the "Adjust for daylight
savings time" checkbox.
4. Choose the method you would like to use to set the date and time:
37
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration

User Specified Time - Choose this option to input the date and
time manually. For the User Specified Time option, enter the
date and time. For the time, use the hh:mm format (using a 24hour clock).

Synchronize with NTP Server - Choose this option to synchronize
the date and time with the Network Time Protocol (NTP) Server.
5. For the Synchronize with NTP Server option:
a. Enter the IP address of the Primary Time server.
b. Enter the IP address of the Secondary Time server. Optional
6. Click OK.
Naming Target Servers
To name the target servers:
1. Connect all of the target servers if you have not already done so.
See Step 3: Connect the Equipment (on page 31) for a description
of connecting the equipment.
2. Using the KX II Local Console, choose Device Settings > Port
Configuration and then click the Port Name of the target server you
want to name.
3. Enter a name for the server, which can be up to 32 alphanumeric
and special characters. Click OK.
Valid Special Characters for Target Names
38
Character
Description
Character
Description
!
Exclamation point ;
Semi-colon
"
Double quote
=
Equal sign
#
Pound sign
>
Greater than sign
$
Dollar sign
?
Question mark
%
Percent sign
@
At sign
&
Ampersand
[
Left bracket
(
Left parenthesis
\
Backward slash
)
Right parenthesis ]
Right bracket
*
Asterisk
^
Caret
+
Plus sign
_
Underscore
,
Comma
`
Grave accent
-
Dash
{
Left brace
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Character
Description
Character
Description
.
Period
|
Pipe sign
/
Forward slash
}
Right brace
<
Less than sign
~
Tilde
:
Colon
Specifying Power Supply Autodetection
The KX II provides dual power supplies and can automatically detect and
provide notification regarding the status of these power supplies. Proper
configuration ensures that the KX II sends the appropriate notifications
should a power supply fail.
The Power Supply Setup page is configured to automatically detect both
power supplies when two power supplies are used. If only one power
supply is used in your configuration, you can disable automatic detection
from the Power Supply Setup page.
To enable automatic detection for the power supplies in use:
1. Choose Device Settings > Power Supply Setup. The Power Supply
Setup page opens.
2. If you are plugging power input into power supply number one (leftmost power supply at the back of the device), select the Powerln1
Auto Detect option.
3. If you are plugging power input into power supply number two (rightmost power supply at the back of the device), select the Powerln2
Auto Detect option.
4. Click OK.
Note: If either of these checkboxes is selected and power input is not
actually connected, the power LED at the front of the device turns red.
To disable power supply autodetection for the power supply not
in use:
1. Using the KX II Local Console, choose Device Settings > Power
Supply Setup. The Power Supply Setup page opens.
2. Clear autodetection for the power supply that you are not using.
39
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
For more information, see Power Supply Setup (on page 184).
Note to CC-SG Users
If you are using the KX II in a CC-SG configuration, perform the
installation steps, and when finished, consult the CommandCenter
Secure Gateway User Guide, Administrator Guide, or Deployment
Guide to proceed (all found on Raritan's website, www.raritan.com,
under Support).
Note: The remainder of this help applies primarily to deploying the KX II
device(s) without the integration functionality of CC-SG.
Remote Authentication
Note to CC-SG Users
When the KX II is controlled by CommandCenter Secure Gateway, CCSG authenticates users and groups, except for local users requiring
Local port access. When CC-SG is controlling the KX II, Local port users
will be authenticated against the local user database or the remote
authentication server (LDAP/LDAPS or RADIUS) configured on the KX II.
They will not be authenticated against the CC-SG user database.
For additional information about CC-SG authentication, see the
CommandCenter Secure Gateway User Guide, Administrator Guide, or
Deployment Guide, which can be downloaded from the Support section
of the Raritan website http://www.raritan.com.
Supported Protocols
To simplify management of usernames and passwords, the KX II
provides the ability to forward authentication requests to an external
authentication server. Two external authentication protocols are
supported: LDAP/LDAPS and RADIUS.
Note on Microsoft Active Directory
Microsoft® Active Directory® uses the LDAP/LDAPS protocol natively, and
can function as an LDAP/LDAPS server and authentication source for
the KX II. If it has the IAS (Internet Authorization Server) component, a
Microsoft Active Directory server can also serve as a RADIUS
authentication source.
40
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Create User Groups and Users
As part of the initial configuration, you must define user groups and users
in order for users to access the KX II.
The KX II uses system-supplied default user groups and allows you to
create groups and specify the appropriate permissions to suit your
needs.
User names and passwords are required to gain access to the KX II.
This information is used to authenticate users attempting to access your
KX II. See User Management (on page 131) for details on adding and
editing user groups and users.
Step 5: Launch the KX II Remote Console
To launch the KX II Remote Console:
1. Log in to to your KX II from any workstation with network connectivity
that has Microsoft .NET® and/or Java Runtime Environment® installed
(JRE® is available on the Java website http://java.sun.com/).
2. Launch a supported web browser such as Internet Explorer® or
Firefox®.
3. Enter the URL: http://IP-ADDRESS or http://IP-ADDRESS/akc for
.NET, where IP-ADDRESS is the IP address assigned to your KX II.
You can also use https, the DNS name of the KX II assigned by the
administrator (provided that a DNS server has been configured), or
type the IP address in the browser (KX II always redirects the IP
address from HTTP to HTTPS.)
4. Enter your username and password. Click Login.
Access and Control Target Servers Remotely
The KX II Port Access page provides a list of all KX II ports, as well as
the connected target servers, their status, and availability.
Accessing a Target Server
To access a target server:
1. Click the Port Name of the target you want to access. The Port
Action Menu is displayed.
2. Choose Connect from the Port Action menu. A KVM window opens
with a connection to the target.
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Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
Switching between Target Servers
To switch between KVM target servers:
1. While already using a target server, access the KX II Port Access
page.
2. Click the port name of the target you want to access. The Port Action
menu appears.
3. Choose Switch From in the Port Action menu. The new target server
you selected is displayed.
Disconnecting a Target Server
To disconnect a target server:

Click the port name of the target you want to disconnect. When Port
Action menu appears, click Disconnect.
Step 6: Configure the Keyboard Language (Optional)
Note: This step is not required if you are using the US/International
language keyboard.
If you are using a non-US language, the keyboard has to be configured
for the appropriate language. In addition, the keyboard language for the
client machine and the KVM target servers has to match.
Consult the documentation for your operating system for additional
information about changing the keyboard layout.
Changing the Keyboard Layout Code (Sun Targets)
Use this procedure if you are using a DCIM-SUSB and would like the
keyboard layout changed to another language.
To change the keyboard layout code (DCIM-SUSB only):
1. Open a Text Editor window on the Sun™ workstation.
2. Check that the Num Lock key is active and press the left Ctrl key and
the Del key on your keyboard. The Caps Lock light starts to blink,
indicating that the CIM is in Layout Code Change mode. The text
window displays: Raritan Computer, Inc. Current
keyboard layout code = 22h (US5 UNIX).
3. Type the layout code desired (for example, 31 for the Japanese
keyboard).
4. Press Enter.
5. Shut down the device and power on once again. The DCIM-SUSB
performs a reset (power cycle).
42
Chapter 2: Installation and Configuration
6. Verify that the characters are correct.
Step 7: Configure Tiering (Optional)
The optional tiering feature allows you to connect tiered KX II devices to
a base KX II. You can then access the servers and PX PDUs through the
base both locally and remotely. See the Device Management (on page
157) section of the KX II Help for more information on this feature.
Connect from a target server port on the base device to the tier KX II
Local Access port video/keyboard/mouse ports using a D2CIM-DVUSB.
If the tier device is a KX2-808, KX2-832 or KX2-864, connect from a
target server port on the base device directly to the tier KX2-808/KX2832/KX2-864 Extended Local port.
To enable tiering:
1. From the tier base, choose Device Settings > Device Services. The
Device Service Settings page appears.
2. Select Enable Tiering as Base.
3. In the Base Secret field, enter the secret shared between the base
and the tiered devices. This secret is required for the tiered devices
to authenticate the base device. You will enter the same secret word
for the tiered device.
4. Click OK.
5. Enable the tiered devices. From the tiered device, choose Device
Settings > Local Port Settings.
6. In the Enable Local Ports section of the page, select Enable Local
Port Device Tiering.
7. In the Tier Secret field, enter the same secret word you entered for
the base device on the Device Settings page.
8. Click OK.
43
Chapter 3
Working with Target Servers
In This Chapter
KX II Interfaces ........................................................................................44
KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices ..........................................45
KX II Remote Console Interface ..............................................................45
Proxy Server Configuration for Use with MPC, VKC and AKC ...............62
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client (AKC) .........................64
Multi-Platform Client (MPC) ...................................................................101
KX II Interfaces
There are several user interfaces in the KX II, providing you with easy
access anytime, anywhere to targets. These include the KX II Local
Console, the KX II Remote Console, the Virtual KVM Client (VKC), the
Active KVM Client (AKC), and the Multi-Platform Client (MPC). The
following table identifies these interfaces and their use for target server
access and administration locally and remotely:
User Interface
Local
Access
Remote
Admin
Access
Admin
KX II Local Console
KX II Remote Console
Virtual KVM Client (VKC)
Multi-Platform Client
(MPC)
Active KVM Client (AKC)
The following sections of the help contain information about using
specific interfaces to access the KX II and manage targets:

Local Console

Remote Console

Virtual KVM Client

Multi-Platform Client
44
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices
When you are located at the server rack, the KX II provides standard
KVM management and administration via the KX II Local Console. The
KX II Local Console provides a direct KVM (analog) connection to your
connected servers; the performance is exactly as if you were directly
connected to the server's keyboard, mouse, and video ports.
There are many similarities among the KX II Local Console and the KX II
Remote Console graphical user interfaces. Where there are differences,
they are noted in the help.
The KX II Local Console Factory Reset option is available in the KX II
Local Console but not the KX II Remote Console.
KX II Remote Console Interface
The KX II Remote Console is a browser-based graphical user interface
that allows you to log in to KVM target servers and serial targets
connected to the KX II and to remotely administer the KX II.
The KX II Remote Console provides a digital connection to your
connected KVM target servers. When you log into a KVM target server
using the KX II Remote Console, a Virtual KVM Client window opens.
There are many similarities among the KX II Local Console and the KX II
Remote Console graphical user interfaces, and where there are
differences, they are noted in the user manual. The following options are
available in the KX II Remote Console but not the KX II Local Console:

Virtual Media

Favorites

Backup/Restore

Firmware Upgrade

SSL Certificates

Audio
Launching the KX II Remote Console
Important: Regardless of the browser used, you must allow popups from the device's IP address to launch the KX II Remote
Console.
45
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Depending on your browser and security settings, you may see various
security and certificate warnings. It is necessary to accept these
warnings to launch the KX II Remote Console.
You can reduce the number of warning messages during subsequent log
ins by checking the following options on the security and certificate
warning messages:

In the future, do not show this warning.

Always trust content from this publisher.
To launch the KX II Remote Console:
1. Log in to to your KX II from any workstation with network connectivity
that has Microsoft .NET® and/or Java Runtime Environment® installed
(JRE® is available on the Java website http://java.sun.com/).
2. Launch a supported web browser such as Internet Explorer® or
Firefox®.
3. Enter the URL: http://IP-ADDRESS or http://IP-ADDRESS/akc for
.NET, where IP-ADDRESS is the IP address assigned to your KX II.
You can also use https, the DNS name of the KX II assigned by the
administrator (provided that a DNS server has been configured), or
type the IP address in the browser (KX II always redirects the IP
address from HTTP to HTTPS.)
4. Type your user name and password. If this is the first time logging in,
log in with the factory default user name (admin) and password
(raritan, all lower case). You will be prompted to change the default
password. Click Login.
Note: If your administrator requires you read and/or accept a security
agreement in order to access the device, a security banner will be
displayed after you have entered your login credentials and clicked
Login.
See Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client (AKC) (on page
64) for information on the KX II functions available via the Remote
Console.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Interface and Navigation
KX II Interface
Both the KX II Remote Console and the KX II Local Console interfaces
provide a web-based interface for device configuration and
administration, as well as target server list and selection. The options are
organized into various tabs.
After a successful login, the Port Access page opens listing all ports
along with their status and availability. Four tabs are provided on the
page allowing you to view by port, view by group or view by search. You
can sort by Port Number, Port Name, Status (Up and Down), and
Availability (Idle, Connected, Busy, Unavailable, and Connecting) by
clicking on the column heading. See Port Access Page (Remote
Console Display) (on page 51) for more information.
Use the Set Scan tab to scan for up to 32 targets that are connected to
the KX II. See Scanning Ports (on page 56).
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Left Panel
The left panel of the KX II interface contains the following information.
Note that some information is conditional and will only be displayed if you
are a certain of user, are using certain features, and so on. Conditional
information is noted here.
48
Information
Description
When displayed?
Time & Session
The date and time the
current session started.
Always
User
Username
Always
State
The current state of the
application, either idle or
active. If idle, the
application tracks and
displays the time the
session has been idle.
Always
Your IP
The IP address used to
access the KX II.
Always
Last Login
The last login date and
time.
Always
Under CC-SG
Management
The IP address of the
CC-SG device managing
the KX II.
When the KX II is being
managed by CC-SG.
Device Information
Information specific to the Always
KX II you are using.
Device Name
Name assigned to the
device.
IP Address
The IP address of the KX Always
II.
Firmware
Current version of
firmware.
Always
Device Model
Model of the KX II
Always
Serial number
Serial number of the KX II Always
Network
The name assigned to
the current network.
Always
Always
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Information
Description
When displayed?
PowerIn1
Status of the power 1
outlet connection. Either
on or off, or Auto-detect
off.
Always
PowerIn2
Status of the power 2
outlet connection. Either
on or off, or Auto-detect
off.
Always
Configured As
If you are using a tiering When the KX II is part of
Base or Configured configuration, this
a tiered configuration
As Tiered
indicates if the KX II you
are accessing is the base
device or a tiered device.
Port States
The statuses of the ports
being used by the KX II.
Always
Connect Users
The users, identified by
Always
their username and IP
address, who are
currently connected to the
KX II.
Online Help
Links to online help.
Favorite Devices
See Managing Favorites Always
(on page 59).
FIPS Mode
FIPS Mode: EnabledSSL
Certificate: FIPS Mode
Compliant
Always
When FIPS is enabled
The left panel can be collapsed in order to increase the display area of
the page.
To collapse and the left panel:

Click on the blue, left-facing arrow located approximately halfway
down the left side of the panel. Once the panel is collapsed, click the
blue arrow again to expand it.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
KX II Console Navigation
The KX II Console interfaces provide many methods for navigation and
making your selections.
To select an option (use any of the following):

Click on a tab. A page of available options appears.

Hover over a tab and select the appropriate option from the menu.

Click the option directly from the menu hierarchy displayed
(breadcrumbs).
To scroll through pages longer than the screen:
50

Use Page Up and Page Down keys on your keyboard.

Use the scroll bar on the right.
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Port Access Page (Remote Console Display)
After successfully logging on to the KX II remote console, the View by
Port tab on the Port Access page appears. This page lists all of the KX II
ports, and the target servers, port groups, and blade chassis that are
connected to those ports.
The information is sorted by Port Number by default, but you can change
the display to sort on any of the available columns by clicking on a
column header. To increase or decrease the number of rows displayed
on a tab at one time, enter the number of row in the Rows per Page field
and click Set.
The following information for each port is contained on this page:

Port Number - Numbered from 1 to the total number of ports
available for the KX II device.
Note: Ports connected to power strips are not listed, resulting in gaps
in the Port Number sequence.

Port Name - The name of the KX II port. Initially, this is set to
Dominion-KX2-Port# but you can change the name to something
more descriptive.

Status - The status of the servers - either up or down.

Type - The type of server or CIM/DCIM.
For blade chassis, the type can be Blade Chassis, Blade,
BladeChassisAdmin, and BladeChassisURL.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Dual video port groups appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port
types. The primary and secondary ports that are a part of the port
group appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port(P) and Dual
Port(S), respectively. For example, if the CIM type is DCIM, "DCIM
Dual Port (P)" is displayed.
To connect to an available target server or dual monitor target
server:
1. Click on the port name. The Port Action menu opens.
2. Click Connect. Once you are connected to a target or dual monitor
target server, click on the port group name and then click Disconnect
to disconnect.
See Port Action Menu (on page 55) for details on additional available
menu options.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
View by Group Tab
The View by Group tab displays blade chassis, 'standard' port groups,
and dual video port groups. Click the Expand Arrow icon next to a
group to view the ports assigned to the port group.
See Device Management (on page 157) for information on creating
each of these types of port groups.
View by Search Tab
The View by Search tab allows you to search by port name. The search
feature supports the use of an asterisk (*) as a wildcard, and full and
partial names.
Set Scan Tab
The port scanning feature is accessed from the Set Scan tab on the Port
Access page. The feature allows you to define a set of targets to be
scanned. Thumbnail views of the scanned targets are also available.
Select a thumbnail to open that target in its Virtual KVM Client window.
See Scanning Ports (on page 56) for more information.
Tiered Devices - Port Access Page
If you are using a tiered configuration in which a base KX II device is
used to access multiple other tiered devices, the tiered devices are
viewed on the Port Access page by clicking on the Expand Arrow icon
to the left of the tier device name. See Configuring and Enabling
Tiering (on page 164) for more information on tiering.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Blade Chassis - Port Access Page
The blade chassis is displayed in an expandable, hierarchical list on the
Port Access page, with the blade chassis at the root of the hierarchy and
the individual blades labeled and displayed below the root. Use the
Expand Arrow icon next to the root chassis to display the individual
blades.
Note: To view the blade chassis in a hierarchal order, blade-chassis
subtypes must be configured for the blade server chassis.
Dual Port Video Groups - Port Access Page
Dual video port groups appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port
types. The primary and secondary ports that are a part of the port group
appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port(P) and Dual Port(S),
respectively. For example, if the CIM type is DCIM, "DCIM Dual Port (P)"
is displayed.
When you access a dual port video group from the remote client, you
connect to the primary port, which opens a KVM connection window to
both the primary and secondary ports of the dual port group.
Note: The dual video primary port is defined when the port group is
created.
Note: Two KVM channels are required to remotely connect to the dual
video port group by clicking primary port. If two channels are not
available, the Connect link is not displayed.
Note: The Action menu is not displayed when you click on a secondary
port in a dual video port group.
Note: You cannot connect to the primary port and secondary port at the
same time from the Local Port.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Port Action Menu
When you click a Port Name in the Port Access list, the Port Action menu
appears. Choose the desired menu option for that port to execute it. Note
that only currently available options, depending on the port's status and
availability, are listed in the Port Action menu:

Connect - Creates a new connection to the target server. For the KX
II Remote Console, a new Virtual KVM Client page appears. For the
KX II Local Console, the display switches to the target server and
switches away from the local user interface. On the local port, the KX
II Local Console interface must be visible in order to perform the
switch. Hot key switching is also available from the local port.
Note: This option is not available from the KX II Remote Console for
an available port if all connections are busy.

Switch From - Switches from an existing connection to the selected
port (KVM target server). This menu item is available only for KVM
targets. This option is visible only when a Virtual KVM Client is
opened.
Note: This menu item is not available on the KX II Local Console.

Disconnect - Disconnects this port and closes the Virtual KVM Client
page for this target server. This menu item is available only when the
port status is up and connected, or up and busy.
Note: This menu item is not available on the KX II Local Console.
The only way to disconnect from the switched target in the Local
Console is to use the hot key.

Power On - Powers on the target server through the associated
outlet. This option is visible only when there are one or more power
associations to the target.

Power Off - Powers off the target server through the associated
outlets. This option is visible only when there are one or more power
associations to the target, when the target power is on (port status is
up), and when user has permission to operate this service.

Power Cycle - Power cycles the target server through the associated
outlets. This option is visible only when there are one or more power
associations to the target, and when the user has permission to
operate this service.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Scanning Ports
The KX II provides a port scanning feature that searches for selected
targets and displays them in a slide show view, allowing you to monitor
up to 32 targets at one time. You can connect to targets or focus on a
specific target as needed. Scans can include standard targets, blade
servers, tiered Dominion devices, and KVM switch ports. Configure scan
settings from either the Virtual KVM Client (VKC) or Active KVM Client
(AKC). See Configure Scan Settings in VKC and AKC (on page 89)
for more information.
Note: For dual video port groups, the primary port is included in a port
scan, but the secondary port is not included when connecting from a
remote client. Both ports can be included in the scan from the Local Port.
Dual video port groups are supported by the KX II 2.5.0 (and later).
Note: Scanning for tiered devices is not supported by the Multi-Platform
Client (MPC).
When you start a scan, the Port Scan window opens. As each target is
found, it is displayed as a thumbnail in a slide show. The slide show
scrolls through the target thumbnails based on the default interval of 10
seconds or according to the interval you specify. As the scan scrolls
through the targets, the target that is the focus of the slide show displays
in the center of the page. See Configure Scan Settings in VKC and
AKC (on page 89).
Change the time between the slide show thumbnail rotation, the
thumbnail focus interval, and the page display settings from the Scan
Settings tab of the Virtual KVM Client (VKC), Active KVM Client (AKC)
and Multi-Platform Client (MPC) Tools > Options dialog. See Configure
Scan Settings in VKC and AKC (on page 89).
The name of the target is displayed below its thumbnail and in the task
bar at the bottom of the window. If a target is busy, a blank screen is
displayed instead of the target server access page.
The status of each target is indicated by green, yellow and red lights that
are displayed below the target thumbnail and, as the target is the focus
of the rotation, in the task bar. The status lights indicate the following:

Green - the target is up/idle or up/connected

Yellow - the target is down but connected

Red - the target is down/idle, busy, or otherwise not accessible
This feature is available from the Local Port, Virtual KVM Client (VKC),
Active KVM Client (AKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC).
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Note: MPC uses a different method for initiating a scan than the other
Raritan clients. See Set Scan Group in the KVM and Serial Client
Guide for details. The scan results and scan options differ between the
Remote Console and the Local Console. See Scanning Ports - Local
Console (on page 283).
To scan for targets:
1. Click the Set Scan tab on the Port Access page.
2. Select the targets you want to include in the scan by selecting the
checkbox to the left of each target, or select the checkbox at the top
of the target column to select all targets.
3. Leave the Up Only checkbox selected if you only want targets that
are up to be included in the scan. Deselect this checkbox if you want
to include all targets, whether up or down.
4. Click Scan to begin the scan. As each target is scanned, it is
displayed in slide show view on the page.
5. Click Options > Pause to pause the slide show and stop it from
moving between targets, click Options > Resume to resume the slide
show.
6. Click on a target thumbnail to scan it next.
7. Connect to a target by double clicking on its thumbnail.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Using Scan Options
Following are options available to you while scanning targets. With the
exception of the Expand/Collapse icon, all of these options are selected
from the Options menu in the upper left of the Port Scan viewer. The
options will return to their defaults when you close the window.
Note: Configure scan settings such as the display interval from either the
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) or Active KVM Client (AKC). See Configure
Scan Settings in VKC and AKC (on page 89) for more information.
Hide or View Thumbnails

Use the Expand/Collapse icon at the upper left of the window to
hide or view thumbnails. Expanded is the default view.
Pause the Thumbnail Slide Show

Pause thumbnails from rotating between one target and the next by
selecting Options > Pause. Rotating thumbnails is the default setting.
Resume the Thumbnail Slide Show

Resume the thumbnail rotation by selecting Options > Resume.
Size the Thumbnails in the Port Scan Viewer

Enlarge the size of the thumbnails by selecting Options > Size >
360x240.

Minimize the size of the thumbnails by selection Options > Size >
160x120. This is the default thumbnail size.
Change the Orientation of the Port Scan Viewer
58

View thumbnails along the bottom of the Port Scan viewer by
selecting Options > Split Orientation > Horizontal.

View thumbnails along the right of the Port Scan viewer by selecting
Options > Split Orientation > Vertical. This is the default view.
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Managing Favorites
A Favorites feature is provided so you can organize and quickly access
the devices you use frequently. The Favorite Devices section is located
in the lower left side (sidebar) of the Port Access page and provides the
ability to:

Create and manage a list of favorite devices

Quickly access frequently-used devices

List your favorites either by Device Name, IP Address, or DNS
hostname

Discover KX II devices on its subnet (before and after login)

Retrieve discovered KX II devices from the connected Dominion
device (after login)
To access a favorite KX II device:

Click the device name (listed beneath Favorite Devices). A new
browser opens to that device.
To display favorites by name:

Click Display by Name.
To display favorites by IP Address:

Click Display by IP.
To display favorites by the host name:

Click Display by Host Name.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Manage Favorites Page
To open the Manage Favorites page:

Click Manage in the left panel. The Manage Favorites page appears
and contains the following:
Use:
To:
Favorites List
Manage your list of favorite
devices.
Discover Devices - Local Subnet
Discover Raritan devices on the
client PC's local subnet.
Discover Devices - KX II Subnet
Discover the Raritan devices on
the KX II device subnet.
Add New Device to Favorites
Add, edit, and delete devices from
your list of Favorites.
Favorites List Page
From the Favorites List page, you can add, edit, and delete devices from
your list of favorites.
To open the Favorites List page:

Choose Manage > Favorites List. The Favorites List page opens.
Discovering Devices on the Local Subnet
This option discovers the devices on your local subnet, which is the
subnet where the KX II Remote Console is running. These devices can
be accessed directly from this page or you can add them to your list of
favorites. See Favorites List Page (on page 60).
To discover devices on the local subnet:
1. Choose Manage > Discover Devices - Local Subnet. The Discover
Devices - Local Subnet page appears.
2. Choose the appropriate discovery port:

To use the default discovery port, select the Use Default Port
5000 checkbox.

To use a different discovery port:
a. Deselect the Use Default Port 5000 checkbox.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
b. Type the port number in the Discover on Port field.
c.
Click Save.
3. Click Refresh. The list of devices on the local subnet is refreshed.
To add devices to your Favorites List:
1. Select the checkbox next to the device name/IP address.
2. Click Add.
To access a discovered device:

Click the device name or IP address for that device. A new browser
opens to that device.
Discovering Devices on the KX II Subnet
This option discovers devices on the device subnet, which is the subnet
of the KX II device IP address itself. You can access these devices
directly from this the Subnet page or add them to your list of favorites.
See Favorites List Page (on page 60).
This feature allows multiple KX II devices to interoperate and scale
automatically. The KX II Remote Console automatically discovers the KX
II devices, and any other Raritan device, in the subnet of the KX II.
To discover devices on the device subnet:
1. Choose Manage > Discover Devices - KX II Subnet. The Discover
Devices - KX II Subnet page appears.
2. Click Refresh. The list of devices on the local subnet is refreshed.
To add devices to your Favorites List:
1. Select the checkbox next to the device name/IP address.
2. Click Add.
To access a discovered device:

Click the device name or IP address for that device. A new browser
opens to that device.
Adding, Deleting and Editing Favorites
To add a device to your favorites list:
1. Choose Manage > Add New Device to Favorites. The Add New
Favorite page appears.
2. Type a meaningful description.
3. Type the IP Address/Host Name for the device.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
4. Change the discovery Port (if necessary).
5. Select the Product Type.
6. Click OK. The device is added to your list of favorites.
To edit a favorite:
1. From the Favorites List page, select the checkbox next to the
appropriate KX II device.
2. Click Edit. The Edit page appears.
3. Update the fields as necessary:

Description

IP Address/Host Name - Type the IP address of the KX II device

Port (if necessary)

Product Type
4. Click OK.
To delete a favorite:
Important: Exercise caution in the removal of favorites. You are not
prompted to confirm their deletion.
1. Select the checkbox next to the appropriate KX II device.
2. Click Delete. The favorite is removed from your list of favorites.
Logging Out
To quit the KX II:

Click Logout in the upper right-hand corner of the page.
Note: Logging out also closes any open Virtual KVM Client and serial
client sessions.
Proxy Server Configuration for Use with MPC, VKC and AKC
When the use of a Proxy Server is required, a SOCKS proxy must also
be provided and configured on the remote client PC.
Note: If the installed proxy server is only capable of the HTTP proxy
protocol, you cannot connect.
To configure the SOCKS proxy:
1. On the client, select Control Panel > Internet Options.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
a. On the Connections tab, click 'LAN settings'. The Local Area
Network (LAN) Settings dialog opens.
b. Select 'Use a proxy server for your LAN'.
c.
Click Advanced. The Proxy Settings dialog opens.
d. Configure the proxy servers for all protocols. IMPORTANT: Do not
select 'Use the same proxy server for all protocols'.
Note: The default port for a SOCKS proxy (1080) is different from
HTTP proxy (3128).
2. Click OK at each dialog to apply the settings.
3. Next, configure the proxies for Java™ applets by selecting Control
Panel > Java.
e. On the General tab, click Network Settings. The Network Settings
dialog opens.
f.
Select Use Proxy Server.
g. Click Advanced. The Advanced Network Settings dialog opens.
h. Configure the proxy servers for all protocols. IMPORTANT: Do not
select 'Use the same proxy server for all protocols'.
Note: The default port for a SOCKS proxy (1080) is different from
HTTP proxy (3128).
4. If you are using standalone MPC, you must also do the following:
i.
Open the start.bat file in MPC directory with a text editor.
j.
Insert the following parameters to the command line. Add them
before "-classpath": -DsocksProxyHost=&lt;socks proxy ip addr&gt; DsocksProxyPort=&lt;socks proxy port&gt;
The parameters should look as follows:
start javaw -Xmn128M -Xmx512M -XX:MaxHeapFreeRatio=70 XX:MinHeapFreeRatio=50 -Dsun.java2d.noddraw=true DsocksProxyHost=192.168.99.99 -DsocksProxyPort=1080 classpath .\sdeploy.jar;.\sFoxtrot.jar;.\jaws.jar;.\sMpc.jar
com.raritan.rrc.ui.RRCApplication %1
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client (AKC)
The Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client (AKC) are
interfaces used to access remote targets. AKC and VKC share similar
features with the exception of the following:

Minimum system requirements

Supported operating systems and browsers

Keyboard macros created in AKC cannot be used in VKC.

Direct port access configuration (see Enabling Direct Port Access
via URL)

AKC server certification validation configuration (see Prerequisites
for Using AKC (on page 65))
About the Active KVM Client
AKC is based on Microsoft Windows .NET technology and allows you to
run the client in Windows environments without the use of the Java
Runtime Environment (JRE), which is required to run Raritan's Virtual
KVM Client (VKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC). AKC also works with
CC-SG.
Note: If you are using direct port access with AKC, you must open a new
browser window or browser tab for each target you want to access. If you
try to access another target by entering the DPA URL into the same
browser window or browser tab you are currently accessing a target
from, you will not be able to connect and may receive an error.
AKC Supported .NET Framework, Operating Systems and Browsers
.NET Framework
AKC requires Windows .NET® version 3.5 or 4.0. AKC works with both
3.5 and 4.0 installed.
Operating Systems
When launched from Internet Explorer®, AKC allows you to reach target
servers via the KX II 2.2 (and later) and the LX 2.4.5 (and later). AKC is
compatible with the following platforms running .NET Framework 3.5:

Windows XP® operating system

Windows Vista® operating system (up to 64 bit)

Windows 7® operating system (up to 64 bit)
Note: You must be using Windows 7 if WINDOWS PC FIPs is turned
on and you are accessing a target using AKC and a smartcard.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Since .NET is required to run AKC, if you do not have .NET installed or
you have an unsupported version of .NET installed, you will receive a
message instructing you to check the .NET version.
Note: Raritan recommends Windows XP® operating system users verify
you have a working version of .NET 3.5 or 4.0 already installed before
you launch AKC. If you do not verify your .NET version is working, you
may be prompted to download a file versus receiving the default
message to check your .NET version.
Browser

Internet Explorer 6 or later
If you attempt to open AKC from a browser other than IE 6 or later, you
will receive an error message instructing you to check your browser and
to switch to Internet Explorer.
Prerequisites for Using AKC
In order to use AKC:

Ensure the cookies from the IP address of the device that is being
accessed are not currently being blocked.

Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 2008 server users should
ensure that the IP address of the device being accessed is included
in their browser's Trusted Sites Zone and that Protected Mode is not
on when accessing the device.
Enable AKC Download Server Certificate Validation
If the device (or CC-SG) administrator has enabled the Enable AKC
Download Server Certificate Validation option:

Administrators must upload a valid certificate to the device or
generate a self-signed certificate on the device. The certificate must
have a valid host designation.

Each user must add the CA certificate (or a copy of self-signed
certificate) to the Trusted Root CA store in their browser.
When launching AKC from the CC-SG Admin Client, you must have
JRE™ 1.6.0_10 or above.
Toolbar Buttons and Status Bar Icons
Button
Button name Description
Connection
Properties
Opens the Modify Connection Properties dialog
from which you can manually adjust bandwidth
options (such as connection speed, color depth,
and so forth).
Video
Opens the Video Settings dialog, allowing you to
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Button
Button name Description
Settings
manually adjust video conversion parameters.
Color
Calibration
Adjusts color settings to reduce excess color
noise.
Same as choosing Video > Color Calibrate.
Note: Not available in KX II-101-V2.
Target
Screenshot
Click to take a screenshot of the target server
and save it to a file of your choosing.
Audio
Opens a dialog that allows you to select from a
list of audio devices connected to a client PC.
Once audio devices have been connected to the
target, select to disconnect the devices.
Note: This feature is available with the KX II 2.4.0
(and later).
Note: This feature is not supported by the LX.
Synchronize
Mouse
Dual-mouse mode forces the realignment of the
target server mouse pointer with the mouse
pointer.
Note: Not available if Absolute Mouse mode is
selected.
Refresh
Screen
Forces a refresh of the video screen.
Auto-sense
Video
Settings
Forces a refresh of the video settings (resolution,
refresh rate).
Smart Card
Opens a dialog that allows you to select from a
list of smart card readers connected to a client
PC.
Note: This feature is available on the KSX II 2.3.0
(and later) and the KX II 2.1.10 (and later).
Note: This feature is not supported by the LX.
Send
Ctrl+Alt+Del
66
Sends a Ctrl+Alt+Del hot key combination to the
target server.
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Button
Button name Description
Single Cursor Starts Single Cursor mode in which the local
Mode
mouse pointer no longer appears onscreen.
Press Ctrl+Alt+O to exit this mode.
Note: Not available in KX II-101-V2.
Icon
Full Screen
Mode
Maximizes the screen real estate to view the
target server desktop.
Scaling
Increases or reduces the target video size so you
can view the entire contents of the target server
window without using the scroll bar.
Icon name
Speaker
Description
Located in status bar at the bottom of the client
window.
Green, blinking waves indicate an audio
playback session is currently streaming.
A black speaker icon is displayed when the
session is muted.
The icon is grayed out when no audio is
connected.
Note: Audio is supported by KX II 2.4.0 (and
later).
Microphone
Located in the status bar at the bottom of the
client window.
Red, blinking waves indicate an audio capture
session is currently underway.
The Speaker icon, indicating a playback session
is streaming, is also displayed when a session is
underway.
A black Microphone icon is displayed when the
session is muted.
When the Microphone icon is grayed out, no
audio is connected.
Note: Audio capture is supported by KX II 2.5.0
(and later).
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Connection Properties
The dynamic video compression algorithms maintain KVM console
usability under varying bandwidth constraints. The devices optimize KVM
output not only for LAN use, but also for WAN use. These devices can
also control color depth and limit video output, offering an optimal
balance between video quality and system responsiveness for any
bandwidth.
The parameters in the Properties dialog can be optimized to suit your
needs for different operating environments. Connection properties are
saved across subsequent connections to generation 2 devices once they
are set and saved.
To set the connection properties:
1. Choose Connection > Properties or click the Connection Properties
button
in the toolbar. The Properties dialog appears.
Note: KX II-101 does not support 1G Ethernet.
2. Choose the Connection Speed from the drop-down list. The device
can automatically detect available bandwidth and not limit bandwidth
use. However, you can also adjust this usage according to
bandwidth limitations.
68

Auto

1G Ethernet

100 Mb Ethernet

10 Mb Ethernet

1.5 Mb (MAX DSL/T1)

1 Mb (Fast DSL/T1)
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers

512 Kb (Medium DSL/T1)

384 Kb (Slow DSL/T1)

256 Kb (Cable)

128 Kb (Dual ISDN)

56 kb (ISP Modem)

33 kb (Fast Modem)

24 kb (Slow Modem)
Note that these settings are an optimization for specific conditions
rather than an exact speed. The client and server always attempt to
deliver video as quickly as possible on the network regardless of the
current network speed and encoding setting. But the system will be
most responsive when the settings match the real world environment.
3. Choose the Color Depth from the drop-down list. The device can
dynamically adapt the color depth transmitted to remote users in
order to maximize usability in all bandwidths.

15-bit RGB Color

8-bit RGB Color

4-bit Color

4-bit Gray

3-bit Gray

2-bit Gray

Black and White
Important: For most administrative tasks (server monitoring,
reconfiguring, and so on), the full 24-bit or 32-bit color spectrum
made available by most modern video graphics cards is not
necessary. Attempting to transmit such high color depths wastes
network bandwidth.
4. Use the slider to select the desired level of Smoothing (15-bit color
mode only). The level of smoothing determines how aggressively to
blend screen regions with small color variation into a single smooth
color. Smoothing improves the appearance of target video by
reducing displayed video noise.
5. Click OK to set these properties.
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Connection Information
To obtain information about your Virtual KVM Client
connection:

Choose Connection > Info... The Connection Info window opens.
The following information is displayed about the current connection:

Device Name - The name of the device.

IP Address - The IP address of the device.

Port - The KVM communication TCP/IP port used to access the
target device.

Data In/Second - Data rate in.

Data Out/Second - Data rate out.

Connect Time - The duration of the connect time.

FPS - The frames per second transmitted for video.

Horizontal Resolution - The screen resolution horizontally.

Vertical Resolution - The screen resolution vertically.

Refresh Rate - How often the screen is refreshed.

Protocol Version - RFB protocol version.
To copy this information:

Click Copy to Clipboard. The information is available to be pasted
into the program of your choice.
Keyboard Options
Keyboard Macros
Keyboard macros ensure that keystroke combinations intended for the
target server are sent to and interpreted only by the target server.
Otherwise, they might be interpreted by the computer on which the
Virtual KVM Client is running (your client PC).
Macros are stored on the client PC and are PC-specific. Therefore, if you
use another PC, you cannot see your macros. In addition, if another
person uses your PC and logs in under a different name, that user will
see your macros since they are computer-wide.
Keyboard macros created in the Virtual KVM Client are available in MultiPlatform Client (MPC) and vice versa. However, keyboard macros
created in Active KVM Client (AKC) cannot be used in VKC or MPC, and
vice versa.
Note: KX II-101 does not support AKC.
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Import/Export Keyboard Macros
Macros exported from Active KVM Client (AKC) cannot be imported into
Multi-Platform Client (MPC) or Virtual KVM Client (VKC). Macros
exported from MPC or VKC cannot be imported into AKC.
Note: KX II-101 does not support AKC.
To import macros:
1. Choose Keyboard > Import Keyboard Macros to open the Import
Macros dialog. Browse to the folder location of the macro file.
2. Click on the macro file and click Open to import the macro.
a. If too many macros are found in the file, an error message is
displayed and the import terminates once OK is selected.
b. If the import fails, an error dialog appears and a message
regarding why the import failed is displayed. Select OK to
continue the import without importing the macros that cannot be
imported.
3. Select the macros to be imported by checking their corresponding
checkbox or using the Select All or Deselect All options.
4. Click OK to begin the import.
a. If a duplicate macro is found, the Import Macros dialog appears.
Do one of the following:

Click Yes to replace the existing macro with the imported
version.

Click Yes to All to replace the currently selected and any
other duplicate macros that are found.

Click No to keep the original macro and proceed to the next
macro

Click No to All keep the original macro and proceed to the
next macro. Any other duplicates that are found are skipped
as well.

Click Cancel to stop the import.

Alternatively, click Rename to rename the macro and import
it. If Rename is selected, the Rename Macro dialog appears.
Enter a new name for the macro in the field and click OK.
The dialog closes and the process proceeds. If the name
that is entered is a duplicate of a macro, an alert appears
and you are required to enter another name for the macro.
b. If during the import process the number of allowed, imported
macros is exceeded, a dialog appears. Click OK to attempt to
continue importing macros or click Cancel to stop the import
process.
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The macros are then imported. If a macro is imported that contains a hot
key that already exists, the hot key for the imported macro is discarded.
To export macros:
1. Choose Tools > Export Macros to open the Select Keyboard Macros
to Export dialog.
2. Select the macros to be exported by checking their corresponding
checkbox or using the Select All or Deselect All options.
3. Click Ok. A dialog from which to locate and select the macro file
appears. By default, the macro exists on your desktop.
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4. Select the folder to save the macro file to, enter a name for the file
and click Save. If the macro already exists, you receive an alert
message. Select Yes to overwrite the existing macro or No to close
the alert without overwriting the macro.
Building a Keyboard Macro
To build a macro:
1. Click Keyboard > Keyboard Macros. The Keyboard Macros dialog
appears.
2. Click Add. The Add Keyboard Macro dialog appears.
3. Type a name for the macro in the Keyboard Macro Name field. This
name appears in the Keyboard menu after it is created.
4. From the Hot-Key Combination field, select a keyboard combination
from the drop-down list. This allows you to execute the macro with a
predefined keystroke. Optional
5. In the Keys to Press drop-down list, select each key you would like to
use to emulate the keystrokes that is used to perform the command.
Select the keys in the order by which they are to be pressed. After
each selection, select Add Key. As each key is selected, it appears
in the Macro Sequence field and a Release Key command is
automatically added after each selection.
6. To use the Send Text to Target function for the macro, click the
Construct Macro from Text button.
7. For example, create a macro to close a window by selecting Left Ctrl
+ Esc. This appears in the Macro Sequence box as follows:
Press Left Alt
Press F4
Release F4
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Release Left Alt
8. Review the Macro Sequence field to be sure the macro sequence is
defined correctly.
a. To remove a step in the sequence, select it and click Remove.
b. To change the order of steps in the sequence, click the step and
then click the up or down arrow buttons to reorder them as
needed.
9. Click OK to save the macro. Click Clear to clear all field and start
over. When you click OK, the Keyboard Macros dialog appears and
lists the new keyboard macro.
10. Click Close to close the Keyboard Macros dialog. The macro now
appears on the Keyboard menu in the application. Select the new
macro on the menu to run it or use the keystrokes you assigned to
the macro.
Running a Keyboard Macro
Once you have created a keyboard macro, execute it using the keyboard
macro you assigned to it or by choosing it from the Keyboard menu.
Run a Macro from the Menu Bar
When you create a macro, it appears under the Keyboard menu.
Execute the keyboard macro by clicking on it in the Keyboard menu.
Run a Macro Using a Keyboard Combination
If you assigned a keyboard combination to a macro when building it, you
can execute the macro by pressing its assigned keystrokes. For
example, press the keys Ctrl+Alt+0 simultaneously to minimize all
windows on a Windows target server.
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Modifying and Removing Keyboard Macros
To modify a macro:
1. Choose Keyboard > Keyboard Macros. The Keyboard Macros dialog
appears.
2. Choose the macro from among those listed.
3. Click Modify. The Add/Edit Macro dialog appears.
4. Make your changes.
5. Click OK.
To remove a macro:
1. Choose Keyboard > Keyboard Macros. The Keyboard Macros dialog
appears.
2. Choose the macro from among those listed.
3. Click Remove. The macro is deleted.
Ctrl+Alt+Del Macro
Due to its frequent use, a Ctrl+Alt+Delete macro is preprogrammed.
Clicking on the Ctrl+Alt+Delete button
in the toolbar sends this key
sequence to the server or to the KVM switch to which you are currently
connected.
In contrast, if you were to physically press the Ctrl+Alt+Del keys, the
command would first be intercepted by your own PC due to the structure
of the Windows operating system, instead of sending the key sequence
to the target server as intended.
Setting CIM Keyboard/Mouse Options
To access the DCIM-USBG2 setup menu:
1. Put the mouse focus on a window such as Note Pad (Windows®
operating system) or an equivalent.
2. Select Set CIM Keyboard/Mouse options. This is the equivalent of
sending the Left-Control and Num Lock to the target. The CIM setup
menu options are then displayed.
3. Set the language and mouse settings.
4. Exit the menu to return to normal CIM functionality.
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Video Properties
Refreshing the Screen
The Refresh Screen command forces a refresh of the video screen.
Video settings can be refreshed automatically in several ways:

The Refresh Screen command forces a refresh of the video screen.

The Auto-sense Video Settings command automatically detects the
target server's video settings.

The Calibrate Color command calibrates the video to enhance the
colors being displayed.
In addition, you can manually adjust the settings using the Video Settings
command.
To refresh the video settings, do one of the following:

Choose Video > Refresh Screen or click the Refresh Screen button
in the toolbar.
Auto-Sense Video Settings
The Auto-sense Video Settings command forces a re-sensing of the
video settings (resolution, refresh rate) and redraws the video screen.
To automatically detect the video settings, do the following:

Choose Video > Auto-sense Video Settings or click the Auto-Sense
Video Settings button
in the toolbar. A message stating that the
auto adjustment is in progress appears.
Calibrating Color
Use the Calibrate Color command to optimize the color levels (hue,
brightness, saturation) of the transmitted video images. The color
settings are on a target server-basis.
Note: The Calibrate Color command applies to the current connection
only.
Note: The KX II-101 does support color calibration.
To calibrate the color, do the following:

Choose Video > Calibrate Color or click the Calibrate Color button
in the toolbar. The target device screen updates its color
calibration.
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Adjusting Video Settings
Use the Video Settings command to manually adjust the video settings.
To change the video settings:
1. Choose Video > Video Settings or click the Video Settings button
in the toolbar to open the Video Settings dialog.
2. Adjust the following settings as required. As you adjust the settings
the effects are immediately visible:
a. Noise Filter
The device can filter out the electrical interference of video output
from graphics cards. This feature optimizes picture quality and
reduces bandwidth. Higher settings transmit variant pixels only if
a large color variation exists in comparison to the neighboring
pixels. However, setting the threshold too high can result in the
unintentional filtering of desired screen changes.
Lower settings transmit most pixel changes. Setting this
threshold too low can result in higher bandwidth use.
b. PLL Settings
Clock - Controls how quickly video pixels are displayed across
the video screen. Changes made to clock settings cause the
video image to stretch or shrink horizontally. Odd number
settings are recommended. Under most circumstances this
setting should not be changed because the autodetect is usually
quite accurate.
Phase - Phase values range from 0 to 31 and will wrap around.
Stop at the phase value that produces the best video image for
the active target server.
c.
Brightness: Use this setting to adjust the brightness of the target
server display.
d. Brightness Red - Controls the brightness of the target server
display for the red signal.
e. Brightness Green - Controls the brightness of the green signal.
f.
Brightness Blue - Controls the brightness of the blue signal.
g. Contrast Red - Controls the red signal contrast.
h. Contrast Green - Controls the green signal.
i.
Contrast Blue - Controls the blue signal.
If the video image looks extremely blurry or unfocused, the
settings for clock and phase can be adjusted until a better image
appears on the active target server.
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Warning: Exercise caution when changing the Clock and Phase
settings. Doing so may result in lost or distorted video and you may
not be able to return to the previous state. Contact Raritan Technical
Support before making any changes.
j.
Horizontal Offset - Controls the horizontal positioning of the
target server display on your monitor.
k.
Vertical Offset - Controls the vertical positioning of the target
server display on your monitor.
3. Select Automatic Color Calibration to enable this feature.
4. Select the video sensing mode:

Best possible video mode
The device will perform the full Auto Sense process when
switching targets or target resolutions. Selecting this option
calibrates the video for the best image quality.

Quick sense video mode
With this option, the device will use a quick video Auto Sense in
order to show the target's video sooner. This option is especially
useful for entering a target server's BIOS configuration right after
a reboot.
5. Click OK to apply the settings and close the dialog. Click Apply to
apply the settings without closing the dialog.
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Note: Some Sun background screens, such as screens with very dark
borders, may not center precisely on certain Sun servers. Use a different
background or place a lighter colored icon in the upper left corner of the
screen.
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Using Screenshot from Target
You are able to take a screenshot of a target server using the
Screenshot from Target server command. If needed, save this
screenshot to a file location of your choosing as a bitmap, JPEG or PNG
file.
To take a screenshot of the target server:
1. Select Video > Screenshot from Target or click the Screenshot from
Target button
on the toolbar.
2. In the Save dialog, choose the location to save the file, name the file,
and select a file format from the 'Files of type' drop-down.
3. Click Save to save the screenshot.
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Changing the Maximum Refresh Rate
If the video card you are using on the target uses custom software and
you are accessing the target through MPC or VKC, you may need to
change the maximum refresh rate of the monitor in order for the refresh
rate to take effect on the target.
To adjust the monitor refresh rate:
1. In Windows®, select Display Properties > Settings > Advanced to
open the Plug and Play dialog.
2. Click on the Monitor tab.
3. Set the 'Screen refresh rate'.
4. Click OK and then OK again to apply the setting.
Mouse Options
When controlling a target server, the Remote Console displays two
mouse cursors: one belonging to your client workstation and the other
belonging to the target server.
You can operate in either single mouse mode or dual mouse mode.
When in dual mouse mode, and provided the option is properly
configured, the mouse cursors align.
When there are two mouse cursors, the device offers several mouse
modes:

Absolute (Mouse Synchronization)

Intelligent (Mouse Mode)

Standard (Mouse Mode)
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Mouse Pointer Synchronization
When remotely viewing a target server that uses a mouse, two mouse
cursors are displayed: one belonging to your remote client workstation
and the other belonging to the target server. When the mouse pointer
lies within the Virtual KVM Client target server window, mouse
movements and clicks are directly transmitted to the connected target
server. While in motion, the client mouse pointer slightly leads the target
mouse pointer due to mouse acceleration settings.
On fast LAN connections, you can disable the Virtual KVM Client mouse
pointer and view only the target server's pointer. You can toggle between
these two modes (single mouse and dual mouse).
Mouse Synchronization Tips
Be sure to follow these steps when configuring mouse synchronization:
1. Verify that the selected video resolution and refresh rate are among
those supported by the device. The Virtual KVM Client Connection
Info dialog displays the actual values that the device is seeing.
2. For KX II and LX devices, verify that the cable length is within the
specified limits for the selected video resolution.
3. Verify that the mouse and video have been properly configured
during the installation process.
4. Force an auto-sense by clicking the Virtual KVM Client auto-sense
button.
5. If that does not improve the mouse synchronization (for Linux, UNIX,
and Solaris KVM target servers):
a. Open a terminal window.
b. Enter the following command: xset mouse 1 1
c.
Close the terminal window.
6. Click the "Virtual KVM Client mouse synchronization" button
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Additional Notes for Intelligent Mouse Mode

Be sure that there are no icons or applications in the upper left
section of the screen since that is where the synchronization routine
takes place.

Do not use an animated mouse.

Disable active desktop on KVM target servers.
Synchronize Mouse
In dual mouse mode, the Synchronize Mouse command forces
realignment of the target server mouse pointer with Virtual KVM Client
mouse pointer.
To synchronize the mouse, do one of the following:

Choose Mouse > Synchronize Mouse or click the Synchronize
Mouse button
in the toolbar.
Note: This option is available only in Standard and Intelligent mouse
modes.
Standard Mouse Mode
Standard Mouse mode uses a standard mouse synchronization
algorithm using relative mouse positions. Standard Mouse mode requires
that mouse acceleration is disabled and other mouse parameters are set
correctly in order for the client and server mouse to stay synchronized.
To enter Standard Mouse mode:

Choose Mouse > Standard.
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Intelligent Mouse Mode
In Intelligent Mouse mode, the device can detect the target mouse
settings and synchronize the mouse cursors accordingly, allowing mouse
acceleration on the target. Intelligent mouse mode is the default for nonVM targets.
During synchronization, the mouse cursor does a “dance” in the top left
corner of the screen and calculates the acceleration. For this mode to
work properly, certain conditions must be met.
To enter intelligent mouse mode:

Choose Mouse > Intelligent.
Intelligent Mouse Synchronization Conditions
The Intelligent Mouse Synchronization command, available on the
Mouse menu, automatically synchronizes mouse cursors during
moments of inactivity. For this to work properly, however, the following
conditions must be met:

The active desktop should be disabled on the target.

No windows should appear in the top left corner of the target page.

There should not be an animated background in the top left corner of
the target page.

The target mouse cursor shape should be normal and not animated.

The target mouse speeds should not be set to very slow or very high
values.

Advanced mouse properties such as “Enhanced pointer precision" or
“Snap mouse to default button in dialogs” should be disabled.

Choose “Best Possible Video Mode” in the Video Settings window.

The edges of the target video should be clearly visible (that is, a
black border should be visible between the target desktop and the
remote KVM console window when you scroll to an edge of the
target video image).

When using the intelligent mouse synchronization function, having a
file icon or folder icon located in the upper left corner of your desktop
may cause the function not to work properly. To be sure to avoid any
problems with this function, Raritan recommends you do not have file
icons or folder icons in the upper left corner of your desktop.
After autosensing the target video, manually initiate mouse
synchronization by clicking the Synchronize Mouse button on the toolbar.
This also applies when the resolution of the target changes if the mouse
cursors start to desync from each other.
If intelligent mouse synchronization fails, this mode will revert to standard
mouse synchronization behavior.
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Please note that mouse configurations will vary on different target
operating systems. Consult your OS guidelines for further details. Also
note that intelligent mouse synchronization does not work with UNIX
targets.
Absolute Mouse Mode
In this mode, absolute coordinates are used to keep the client and target
cursors in sync, even when the target mouse is set to a different
acceleration or speed. This mode is supported on servers with USB ports
and is the default mode for VM and dual VM targets.
To enter absolute mouse mode:

Choose Mouse > Absolute.
Note: For KX II, Absolute Mouse Synchronization is available for use with
the virtual media-enabled USB CIMs (D2CIM-VUSB and D2CIMDVUSB) and digital CIMs only.
Single Mouse Mode
Single Mouse mode uses only the target server mouse cursor and the
local mouse pointer no longer appears onscreen. While in single mouse
mode, the Synchronize Mouse command is not available (there is no
need to synchronize a single mouse cursor).
Note: Single mouse mode does not work on Windows or Linux targets
when client is running on a Virtual Machine.
To enter single mouse mode, do the following:
1. Choose Mouse > Single Mouse Cursor.
2. Click the Single/Double Mouse Cursor button
in the toolbar.
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To exit single mouse mode:

Press Ctrl+Alt+O on your keyboard to exit single mouse mode.
Tool Options
General Settings
To set the tools options:
1. Click Tools > Options. The Options dialog appears.
2. Select the Enable Logging checkbox only if directed to by Technical
Support. This option creates a log file in your home directory.
3. Choose the Keyboard Type from the drop-down list (if necessary).
The options include:

US/International

French (France)

German (Germany)

Japanese

United Kingdom

Korean (Korea)

French (Belgium)

Norwegian (Norway)

Portuguese (Portugal)

Danish (Denmark)

Swedish (Sweden)

German (Switzerland)

Hungarian (Hungary)

Spanish (Spain)

Italian (Italy)

Slovenian

Translation: French - US

Translation: French - US International
In AKC, the keyboard type defaults to the local client, so this option
does not apply. Additionally, the KX II-101 and KX II-101-V2 do not
support single cursor mode, so the Exit Single Cursor Mode function
does not apply for those devices.
4. Configure hotkeys:
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
Exit Full Screen Mode - Hotkey. When you enter Full Screen
mode, the display of the target server becomes full screen and
acquires the same resolution as the target server. This is the hot
key used for exiting this mode.

Exit Single Cursor Mode - Hotkey. When you enter single cursor
mode, only the target server mouse cursor is visible. This is the
hot key used to exit single cursor mode and bring back the client
mouse cursor.

Disconnect from Target - Hotkey. Enable this hotkey to allow
users to quickly disconnect from the target.
For hotkey combinations, the application does not allow you to
assign the same hotkey combination to more than one function. For
example, if Q is already applied to the Disconnect from Target
function, it won't be available for the Exit Full Screen Mode function.
Further, if a hotkey is added to the application due to an upgrade and
the default value for the key is already in use, the next available
value is applied to the function instead.
5.
Click OK.
Keyboard Limitations
Turkish Keyboards
If using a Turkish keyboard, you must connect to a target server through
the Active KVM Client (AKC). It is not supported by other Raritan clients.
Slovenian Keyboards
The < key does not work on Slovenian keyboards due to a JRE
limitation.
Language Configuration on Linux
Because the Sun JRE on Linux has problems generating the correct Key
Events for foreign-language keyboards configured using System
Preferences, Raritan recommends that you configure foreign keyboards
using the methods described in the following table.
Language
Configuration method
US Intl
Default
French
Keyboard Indicator
German
System Settings (Control Center)
Japanese
System Settings (Control Center)
UK
System Settings (Control Center)
Korean
System Settings (Control Center)
Belgian
Keyboard Indicator
Norwegian
Keyboard Indicator
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Language
Configuration method
Danish
Keyboard Indicator
Swedish
Keyboard Indicator
Hungarian
System Settings (Control Center)
Spanish
System Settings (Control Center)
Italian
System Settings (Control Center)
Slovenian
System Settings (Control Center)
Portuguese
System Settings (Control Center)
Note: The Keyboard Indicator should be used on Linux systems using
Gnome as a desktop environment.
Client Launch Settings
KX II users can configure client launch settings that allow you to define
the screen settings for a KVM session.
To configure client launch settings:
1. Click Tools > Options. The Options dialog appears.
2. Click on the Client Launch Settings tab.

To configure the target window settings:
a. Select 'Standard - sized to target Resolution' to open the window
using the target's current resolution. If the target resolution is
greater than the client resolution, the target window covers as
much screen area as possible and scroll bars are added (if
needed).
b. Select Full Screen to open the target window in full screen mode.

To configure the monitor on which the target viewer is launched:
a. Select 'Monitor Client Was Launched from' if you want the target
viewer to be launched using the same display as the application
that is being used on the client (for example, a web browser or
applet).
b. Use Select From Detected Monitors to select from a list of
monitors that are currently detected by the application. If a
previously selected monitor is no longer detected, 'Currently
Selected Monitor Not Detected' is displayed.

To configure additional launch settings:
a. Select Enable Single Cursor Mode to enable single mouse mode
as the default mouse mode when the server is accessed.
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b. Select Enable Scale Video to automatically scale the display on
the target server when it is accessed.
c.
Select Pin Menu Toolbar if you want the toolbar to remain visible
on the target when it is in Full Screen mode. By default, while the
target is in Full Screen mode, the menu is only visible when you
hover your mouse along the top of the screen.
3. Click OK.
Configure Scan Settings in VKC and AKC
The KX II provides a port scanning feature that searches for selected
targets and displays them in a slide show view, allowing you to monitor
up to 32 targets at one time. You can connect to targets or focus on a
specific target as needed. Scans can include standard targets, blade
servers, tiered Dominion devices, and KVM switch ports. Configure scan
settings from either the Virtual KVM Client (VKC) or Active KVM Client
(AKC). See Configure Scan Settings in VKC and AKC (on page 89)
for more information. See Scanning Ports (on page 56). Use the Scan
Settings tab to customize the scan interval and default display options.
To set scan settings:
1. Click Tools > Options. The Options dialog appears.
2. Select the Scan Settings tab.
3. In the "Display Interval (10-255 sec):" field, specify the number of
seconds you want the target that is in focus to display in the center of
the Port Scan window.
4. In the "Interval Between Ports (10 - 255 sec):" field, specify the
interval at which the device should pause between ports.
5. In the Display section, change the default display options for the
thumbnail size and split orientation of the Port Scan window.
6. Click OK.
View Options
View Toolbar
You can use the Virtual KVM client with or without the toolbar display.
To toggle the display of the toolbar (on and off):

Choose View > View Toolbar.
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View Status Bar
By default, the status bar is displayed at the bottom of the target window.
To hide the status bar:

Click View > Status Bar to deselect it.
To restore the status bar:

Click View > Status Bar to select it.
Scaling
Scaling your target window allows you to view the entire contents of the
target server window. This feature increases or reduces the size of the
target video to fit the Virtual KVM Client window size, and maintains the
aspect ratio so that you see the entire target server desktop without
using the scroll bar.
To toggle scaling (on and off):

Choose View > Scaling.
Full Screen Mode
When you enter Full Screen mode, the target's full screen is displayed
and acquires the same resolution as the target server. The hot key used
for exiting this mode is specified in the Options dialog, see Tool Options
(on page 86).
While in Full Screen mode, moving your mouse to the top of the screen
will display the Full Screen mode menu bar. If you want the menu bar to
remain visible while in Full Screen mode, enable the Pin Menu Toolbar
option from the Tool Options dialog. See Tool Options (on page 86).
To enter full screen mode:

Choose View > Full Screen.
To exit full screen mode:

Press the hot key configured in the Tool's Options dialog. The default
is Ctrl+Alt+M.
If you want to access the target in full screen mode at all times, you can
make Full Screen mode the default.
To set Full Screen mode as the default mode:
1. Click Tools > Options to open the Options dialog.
2. Select Enable Launch in Full Screen Mode and click OK.
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Digital Audio
The KX II supports end-to-end, bidirectional, digital audio connections for
digital audio playback and capture devices from a remote client to a
target server. The audio devices are accessed over a USB connection. A
D2CIM-DVUSB and the current device firmware are required.
The digital audio feature supports:

Saving Audio Settings (on page 92)

Connecting to Multiple Targets from a Single Remote Client (on
page 92)

Connecting to a Single Target Server from Multiple Remote
Clients (on page 94)

Connecting and Disconnecting a Digital Audio Device (on page
95)

Adjusting Capture and Playback Buffer Size (Audio Settings) (on
page 97)
Windows®, Linux® and Mac® operating systems are supported. The
Virtual KVM Client (VKC), Active KVM Client (AKC) and Multi-Platform
Client (MPC) support connections to audio devices.
Note: Audio CDs are not supported by virtual media so they do not work
with the audio feature.
Before you begin using the audio feature, Raritan recommends you
review the audio related information documented in the following
sections of Help:

Supported Audio Device Formats (on page 320)

Recommendations for Dual Port Video (on page 334)

Supported Mouse Modes (on page 334)

CIMs Required for Dual Video Support (on page 335)

Informational Notes (on page 349), Audio (on page 358)
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Saving Audio Settings
Audio device settings are applied on a per KX II device basis. Once the
audio devices settings are configured and saved on the KX II, the same
settings are applied to it.
For example, you can configure a Windows® audio device to us a stereo,
16 bit, 44.1K format. When you connect to different targets and use that
Windows audio device, the stereo, 16 bit, 44.1K format is applied to each
target server.
For both playback and recording devices, the device type, device format,
and the buffer settings applied to the device are saved.
See Connecting and Disconnecting a Digital Audio Device (on page
95) for information on connecting to and configuring an audio device, and
Adjusting Capture and Playback Buffer Size (Audio Settings) (on
page 97) for information on audio device buffer settings.
If you are using the audio feature while running PC Share mode and VM
Share mode so multiple users can access the same audio device on a
target at once, the audio device settings of the user who initiates the
session are applied to all users who join the session.
So, when a user joins an audio session, the target machine settings are
used. See Connecting to a Single Target Server from Multiple
Remote Clients (on page 94).
Connecting to Multiple Targets from a Single Remote Client
KX II 2.5.0 (and later) allows you to listen to audio on up to four (4) target
servers at the same time from a single, remote client. See Connecting
and Disconnecting a Digital Audio Device (on page 95) for information
on connecting to audio devices.
Note: When an audio session is underway, be sure to keep the session
active or change the KX II's idle timeout time so the audio session does
not time out.
Review the table shown here to see which Raritan client works with
audio playback/capture for each operating system:
Operating system
Windows®
®
Linux
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Audio playback and capture supported
by:
 Active KVM Client (AKC)

Virtual KVM Client (VKC)

Multi-Platform Client (MPC)

Virtual KVM Client (VKC)

Multi-Platform Client (MPC)
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Operating system
Mac®
Audio playback and capture supported
by:
 Virtual KVM Client (VKC)

Multi-Platform Client (MPC)
A Speaker icon
is displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the
client window. It is grayed out when no audio is being used. When the
Speaker icon and Microphone icon
are displayed in the status bar,
the session is being captured as it is streamed.
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Connecting to a Single Target Server from Multiple Remote Clients
KX II 2.5.0 (and later) allows up to eight (8) users on different remote
clients to connect to the same target server at the same time in order to
listen in on audio playback.
In order to use this feature, PC Share mode and VM Share mode must
be enabled for the target. See Encryption & Share (on page 240) for
information on enabling PC Share and VM Share modes.
Note: If you are using the audio feature while running PC Share mode
and VM Share mode, see Audio Playback and Capture
Recommendations and Requirements (on page 320) for important
information.
When users join an audio session on the same target, the audio device
settings of the person who initiated the session are used. For example, if
the user who originally configured the audio device applied a stereo, 16
bit, 44.1K format to the audio device, that is the format used each time
users access the target server audio device during a shared session.
These settings are configured for the target when the audio device was
originally added and cannot be changed by the users. However, users
can adjust the capture and playback buffer settings in order to
accommodate their specific network configuration. For example, users
can increase the buffer size so the audio quality is improved. See
Adjusting Capture and Playback Buffer Size (Audio Settings) (on
page 97).
Each user who is part of the session connects to the target via either
VKC, AKC or MPC in the same way they connect to audio devices. See
Connecting and Disconnecting a Digital Audio Device (on page 95).
A Speaker icon
is displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the
client window. It is grayed out when no audio is being used. When the
Speaker icon and Microphone icon
are displayed in the status bar,
the session is being captured as it is streamed.
Note: When an audio session is underway, be sure to keep the session
active or change the KX II's idle timeout time so the audio session does
not time out.
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Connecting and Disconnecting a Digital Audio Device
Audio device settings are applied on a per KX II device basis. Once the
audio devices settings are configured and saved on the KX II, the same
settings are applied to it. See Saving Audio Settings (on page 92) for
more information.
Note: If you are using the audio feature while running PC Share mode
and VM Share mode, see Audio Playback and Capture
Recommendations and Requirements (on page 320) for important
information. See also Connecting to a Single Target Server from
Multiple Remote Clients (on page 94).
Note: If you are connecting to multiple target server audio devices at the
same time from a single remote client, review which Raritan client work
with audio playback/capture for each type of operating system. See
Connecting to Multiple Targets from a Single Remote Client (on
page 92).
Note: When an audio session is underway, be sure to keep the session
active or change the KX II's idle timeout time so the audio session does
not time out.
To connect to an audio device:
1. Connect the audio device to the remote client PC prior to launching
the browser connection to the KX II.
2. Connect to the target from the Port Access page.
3. Once connected, click the Audio icon
in the toolbar. The
Connect Audio Device dialog appears. A list of available audio
device connected to the remote client PC is displayed.
Note: If there are no available audio devices connected to the remote
client PC, the Audio icon is grayed out. .
4. Check Connect Playback Device if you are connecting to a playback
device.
5. Select the device that you wish to connect from the drop-down list.
6. Select the audio format for the playback device from the Format:
drop-down.
Note: Select the format that you wish to use based on the available
network bandwidth. Formats with lower sampling rates consume less
bandwidth and may tolerate more network congestion.
7. Check Connect Recording Device if you are connecting a recording
device.
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Note: The device names listed in the Connect Recording Device
drop-down are truncated to a maximum of 30 characters for Java
clients.
8. Select the device that you wish to connect from the drop-down list.
9. Select the audio format for the recording device from the Format:
drop-down.
10. Click OK. If the audio connection is established, a confirmation
message appears. Click OK.
If the connection was not established, an error message appears.
Once an audio connection is established, the Audio menu is changed
to Disconnect Audio. Additionally, the settings for the audio device
are saved and applied to the audio device.
A Speaker icon
is displayed in the status bar at the bottom of the
client window. It is grayed out when no audio is being used. When
the Speaker icon and Microphone icon
are displayed in the
status bar, the session is being captured as it is streamed.
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To disconnect from the audio device:

Click the Audio icon
in the toolbar and select OK when you
are prompted to confirm the disconnect. A confirmation message
appears. Click OK.
Adjusting Capture and Playback Buffer Size (Audio Settings)
Once an audio device is connected, the capture and playback buffer size
can be adjusted as needed. This feature is useful for controlling the
quality of the audio, which may be impacted by bandwidth limitations or
network spikes.
Increasing the buffer size improves the audio quality but may impact the
delivery speed. The maximum available buffer size is 400 milliseconds
since anything higher than that greatly impacts audio quality.
The buffer size can be adjusted whenever needed, including during an
audio session.
Audio settings are configured in the AKC, VKC or MPC clients.
To adjust audio settings:
1. Select Audio Settings from the Audio menu. The Audio Settings
dialog opens.
2. Adjust the capture and/or playback buffer size as needed. Click OK.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Smart Cards
Using the KX II, you are able to mount a smart card reader onto a target
server to support smart card authentication and related applications.
For a list of supported smart cards, smart card readers, and additional
system requirements, see Supported and Unsupported Smart Card
Readers (on page 100).
Note: The USB Smart Card token (eToken NG-OTP) is only supported
from the remote client.
When accessing a server remotely, you will have the opportunity to
select an attached smart card reader and mount it onto the server. Smart
card authentication is used with the target server, it is not used to log into
the device. Therefore, changes to smart card PIN and credentials do not
require updates to device accounts.
When mounted onto the target server, the card reader and smart card
will cause the server to behave as if they had been directly attached.
Removal of the smart card or smart card reader will cause the user
session to be locked or you will be logged out depending on how the
card removal policy has been setup on the target server OS. When the
KVM session is terminated, either because it has been closed or
because you switch to a new target, the smart card reader will be
automatically unmounted from the target server.
When PC-Share mode is enabled on the device, multiple users can
share access to a target server. However, when a smart card reader is
connected to a target, the device will enforce privacy regardless of the
PC-Share mode setting. In addition, if you join a shared session on a
target server, the smart card reader mounting will be disabled until
exclusive access to the target server becomes available.
After a KVM session is established to the target server, a Smart Card
menu and button are available in the Virtual KVM Client (VKC), Active
KVM Client (AKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC). Once the menu is
opened or the Smart Card button is selected, the smart card readers that
have been detected as attached to the remote client are displayed. From
this dialog you can attach additional smart card readers, refresh the list
of smart card readers attached to the target, and detach smart card
readers. You are also able to remove or reinsert a smart card. This
function can be used to provide notification to a target server OS that
requires a removal/reinsertion in order to display the appropriate login
dialog. Using this function allows the notification to be sent to a single
target without affecting other active KVM sessions.
To mount a smart card reader:
1. Click the Smart Card menu and then select Smart Card Reader.
Alternatively, click the Smart Card button
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in the toolbar.
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
2. Select the smart card reader from the Select Smart Card Reader
dialog.
3. Click Mount.
4. A progress dialog will open. Check the 'Mount selected card reader
automatically on connection to targets' checkbox to mount the smart
card reader automatically the next time you connect to a target. Click
OK to begin the mounting process.
To update the smart card in the Select Smart Card Reader
dialog:

Click Refresh List if a new smart card reader has been attached to
the client PC.
To send smart card remove and reinsert notifications to the
target:

Select the smart card reader that is currently mounted and click the
Remove/Reinsert button.
To unmount a smart card reader:

Select the smart card reader to be unmounted and click the Unmount
button.
Smart card reader mounting is also supported from the Local Console.
See Local Console Smart Card Access (on page 285).
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Supported and Unsupported Smart Card Readers
External, USB smart card readers are supported.
Supported Smart Card Readers
Type
Vendor
Model
Verified
USB
SCM
Microsystems
SCR331
Verified on local
and remote
USB
ActivIdentity®
ActivIdentity USB
Reader v2.0
Verified on local
and remote
USB
ActivIdentity
ActivIdentity USB
Reader v3.0
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Gemalto®
GemPC USB-SW
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
Dell®
USB Smart Card
Reader Keyboard
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
Cherry GmbH
G83-6744
SmartBoard
Verified on local
and remote
USB reader for Omnikey
SIM-sized cards
6121
Verified on local
and remote
Integrated (Dell
Latitude D620)
O2Micro
OZ776
Remote only
PCMCIA
ActivIdentity
ActivIdentity
PCMCIA Reader
Remote only
PCMCIA
SCM
Microsystems
SCR243
Remote only
Note: SCM Microsystems SCR331 smart card readers must be using
SCM Microsystems firmware v5.25.
Unsupported Smart Card Readers
This table contains a list of readers that Raritan has tested and found not
to work with the Raritan device, therefore they are unsupported. If a
smart card reader does not appear in the supported smart card readers
table or in the unsupported smart card readers table, Raritan cannot
guarantee it will function with the device.
100
Type
Vendor
Model
Notes
USB Keyboard/Card
HP®
ED707A
No interrupt endpoint
Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
Type
reader Combo
Vendor
Model
Notes
=> not compatible with
Microsoft® driver
USB Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
SCM
Microsystems
SCR338
Proprietary card
reader implementation
(not CCID-compliant)
USB Token
Aladdin®
eToken
PRO™
Proprietary
implementation
Help Options
About Raritan Virtual KVM Client
This menu command provides version information about the Virtual KVM
Client, in case you require assistance from Raritan Technical Support.
To obtain version information:
1. Choose Help > About Raritan Virtual KVM Client.
2. Use the Copy to Clipboard button to copy the information contained
in the dialog to a clipboard file so it can be accessed later when
dealing with support (if needed).
Multi-Platform Client (MPC)
Raritan Multi-Platform Client (MPC) is a graphical user interface for the
Raritan product lines, providing remote access to target servers
connected to Raritan KVM over IP devices. For details on using MPC,
see the KVM and Serial Access Clients Guide available on Raritan's
website on the same page as the user guide. Instructions on launching
MPC are provided there.
Please note this client is used by various Raritan products. As such,
references to other products may appear in this section of help.
Launching MPC from a Web Browser
Important: Regardless of the browser you use, you must allow popups from the Dominion device's IP address in order to open MPC.
Important: Only Mac 10.5 and 10.6 with an Intel® processor can run
JRE 1.6 and, therefore, be used as a client. Mac 10.5.8 does not
support MPC as a standalone client.
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Chapter 3: Working with Target Servers
1. To open MPC from a client running any supported browser, type
http://IP-ADDRESS/mpc into the address line, where IP-ADDRESS
is the IP address of your Raritan device. MPC opens in a new
window.
Note: The Alt+Tab command toggles between windows only on the
local system.
When MPC opens, the Raritan devices that were automatically
detected and which are found on your subnet are displayed in the
Navigator in tree format.
2. If your device is not listed by name in the navigator, add it manually:
a. Choose Connection > New Profile. The Add Connection window
opens.
b. In the Add Connection window, type a device Description,
specify a Connection Type, add the device IP address, and click
OK. These specifications can be edited later.
3. In the Navigator panel on the left of the page, double-click the icon
that corresponds to your Raritan device to connect to it.
Note: Depending on your browser and browser security settings, you
may see various security and certificate check and warning messages. It
is necessary to accept the options in order to open MPC.
Note: If you are using Firefox 3.0.3, you may experience problems
launching the application. If this occurs, clear the browser cache and
launch the application again.
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Chapter 4
Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet
Control
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................103
Turning Outlets On/Off and Cycling Power ...........................................104
Overview
The KX II allows you to control Raritan PX and RPC series rack PDU
(power strip) outlets connected to the KX II through a D2CIM-PWR.
Once a PX or RPC series is setup and then attached to the KX II, the
rack PDU and its outlets can be controlled from the Powerstrip page in
the KX II interface. This page is accessed by clicking on the Power menu
at the top of the page.
The Powerstrip page will display rack PDUs attached to the KX II for
which the user has been granted appropriate port access permissions. In
the case of tiered configurations, the Powerstrip page will display both
rack PDUs attached to the base and tiered KX IIs, for which the user has
been granted appropriate port access permissions.
Note: For information on setting up a PX, see the Dominion PX User
Guide.
From the Powerstrip page, you are able to turn the outlets on and off, as
well as cycle their power. You are also able to view the following power
strip and outlet information:


Powerstrip Device Information:

Name

Model

Temperature

Current Amps

Maximum Amps

Voltage

Power in Watts

Power in Volts Ampere
Outlet Display Information:

Name - Named assigned to the outlet when it was configured.

State - On or Off status of the outlet.
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Chapter 4: Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet Control

Control - Turn outlets on or off, or cycle their power.

Association - The ports associated with the outlet.
Initially, when you open the Powerstrip page, the power strips that are
currently connected to the KX II are displayed in the Powerstrip dropdown. Additionally, information relating to the currently selected power
strip is displayed. If no power strips are connected to the KX II, a
message stating "No powerstrips found" will be displayed in the
Powerstrip Device section of the page.
Turning Outlets On/Off and Cycling Power
To turn an outlet on:
1. Click the Power menu to access the Powerstrip page.
2. From the Powerstrip drop-down, select the PX rack PDU (power
strip) you want to turn on.
3. Click Refresh to view the power controls.
4. Click On.
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Chapter 4: Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet Control
5. Click OK to close the Power On confirmation dialog. The outlet will
be turned on and its state will be displayed as 'on'.
To turn an outlet off:
1. Click Off.
2. Click OK on the Power Off dialog.
3. Click OK on the Power Off confirmation dialog. The outlet will be
turned off and its state will be displayed as 'off'.
To cycle the power of an outlet:
1. Click Cycle. The Power Cycle Port dialog opens.
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Chapter 4: Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet Control
2. Click OK. The outlet will then cycle (note that this may take a few
seconds).
3. Once the cycling is complete the dialog will open. Click OK to close
the dialog.
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Chapter 5
Virtual Media
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................108
Using Virtual Media ...............................................................................115
Connecting to Virtual Media ..................................................................118
Disconnecting Virtual Media ..................................................................121
107
Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Overview
Virtual media extends KVM capabilities by enabling KVM target servers
to remotely access media from a client PC and network file servers. The
KX II supports virtual media access of hard drives and remotely mounted
images. Virtual media sessions are secured using 256-bit AES or RC4
encryption.
With this feature, media mounted on a client PC and network file servers
is essentially "mounted virtually" by the target server. The target server
can then read from and write to that media as if it were physically
connected to the target server itself. In addition to data file support via
virtual media files are supported by virtual media via a USB connection.
Digital CIMs, D2CIM-VUSB CIM and D2CIM-DVUSB (computer interface
module) support virtual media sessions to KVM target servers supporting
the USB 2.0 interface. These CIMs also support Absolute Mouse
Synchronization as well as remote firmware update.
Virtual media provides the ability to perform tasks remotely, such as:

Transferring files

Running diagnostics

Installing or patching applications

Complete installation of the operating system

Record and playback of digital audio*
The following virtual media types are supported for Windows®, Mac® and
Linux™ clients:

Internal and USB-mounted CD and DVD drives

USB mass storage devices

PC hard drives

ISO images (disk images)

Digital audio devices*
Note: ISO9660 is the standard supported by Raritan. However, other ISO
standards can be used.
The following client operating systems are supported:
108

Windows

Mac OS X 10.5, 10.6 and 10.7

Red Hat Desktop 4.0 and 5.0

Open SUSE 10, 11

Fedora 13 and 14
Chapter 5: Virtual Media
The Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC) can be
used to mount virtual media types with the exception of Mac OS X 10.5,
which is supported exclusively by MPC.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Diagram key
Desktop PC
USB mass storage device
KX II
PC hard drive
CIM
Audio speakers
Target server
Remote file server (ISO
images)
CD/DVD drive
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Prerequisites for Using Virtual Media
With the virtual media feature, you can mount up to two drives (of
different types) that are supported by the USB profile currently applied to
the target. These drives are accessible for the duration of the KVM
session.
For example, you can mount a specific CD-ROM, use it, and then
disconnect it when you are done. The CD-ROM virtual media “channel”
will remain open, however, so that you can virtually mount another CDROM. These virtual media “channels” remain open until the KVM session
is closed as long as the USB profile supports it.
To use virtual media, connect/attach the media to the client or network
file server that you want to access from the target server. This need not
be the first step, but it must be done prior to attempting to access this
media.
The following conditions must be met in order to use virtual media:
Dominion Device

For users requiring access to virtual media, the device permissions
must be set to allow access to the relevant ports, as well as virtual
media access (VM Access port permission) for those ports. Port
permissions are set at the group-level.

A USB connection must exist between the device and the target
server.

If you want to use PC-Share, Security Settings must also be enabled
in the Security Settings page. Optional

You must choose the correct USB profile for the KVM target server
you are connecting to.
Client PC

Certain virtual media options require administrative privileges on the
client PC (for example, drive redirection of complete drives).
Note: If you are using Microsoft Vista or Windows 7, disable User
Account Control or select Run as Administrator when starting
Internet Explorer. To do this, click the Start Menu, locate IE, rightclick and select Run as Administrator.
Target Server

KVM target servers must support USB connected drives.

KVM target servers running Windows 2000 must have all of the
recent patches installed.

USB 2.0 ports are both faster and preferred.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Virtual Media in a Windows XP Environment
If you are running the Virtual KVM Client or Active KVM Client in a
Windows® XP environment, users must have Administrator privileges to
access any virtual media type other than CD-ROM connections, ISOs
and ISO images.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Virtual Media in a Linux Environment
Following is important information for Linux® users regarding using virtual
media.
Root User Permission Requirement
Your virtual media connection can be closed if you mount a CD ROM
from a Linux client to a target and then unmount the CD ROM. The
connection also closes when a floppy drive has been mounted and then
a floppy disk is removed. To avoid these issues, you must be a root user.
Note: Mapped drives from Mac® and Linux® clients are not locked when
mounted onto connected targets. This applies only to KX II 2.4.0 (and
later) and LX 2.4.5 (and later), which provides support for Mac and Linux.
Permissions
Users must have the appropriate access permissions in order to connect
the Drive/CD-ROM to the target. This can be checked using:
guest_user@administrator-desktop:~$ ls -l /dev/sr0
brw-rw----+ 1 root cdrom 11, 12-03-2010 11:52 /dev/sr0
In the above example, the permission must be changed to allow read
access.
On a system that supports ACLs in its file utilities, the ls command
changes its behavior in the following way:

For files that have a default ACL or an access ACL that contains
more than the three required ACL entries, the ls(1) utility in the long
form produced by ls -l displays a plus sign ( + ) after the permission
string.
This is indicated in the example provided here for /dev/sr0, use getfacl –
a /dev/sr0 to see if the user has been provided access as part of an ACL.
In this case they have and are therefore able to connect the cd-rom onto
the target even though the output of the ls –l command may indicate
otherwise.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
guest_user@administrator-desktop:~$ getfacl -a /dev/sr0
getfacl: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names
# file: dev/sr0
# owner: root
# group: cdrom
user::rwuser:guest_user:rwgroup::rwmask::rwother::--A similar check of the permissions for a removable device shows:
guest_user@administrator-desktop:~$ ls -l /dev/sdb1
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 17 12-03-2010 12:02 /dev/sdb1
guest_user@administrator-desktop:~$ ls -l /dev/sdb1
brw-rw---- 1 root disk 8, 17 12-03-2010 12:02 /dev/sdb1
&gt; getfacl -a /dev/sdb1
getfacl: Removing leading '/' from absolute path names
# file: dev/sdb1
# owner: root
# group: disk
user::rwgroup::rwother::--This requires that the user is provided read only permissions for the
removable device:
root@administrator-desktop:~# chmod 664 /dev/sdb1
root@administrator-desktop:~# ls -l /dev/sdb1
brw-rw-r-- 1 root disk 8, 17 12-03-2010 12:02 /dev/sdb1
The drive is then available to connect to the target.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Virtual Media in a Mac Environment
KX II 2.4.0 (and later) and LX 2.4.5 (and later) support virtual media in a
Linux environment. Following is important information for Mac® users
regarding using virtual media.
Active System Partitions

You cannot use virtual media for mount active system partitions for a
Mac client.
Drive Partitions


The following drive partition limitations exist across operating
systems:

Windows and Mac targets are not able to read Linux formatted
partitions

Windows® and Linux® cannot read Mac formatted partitions

Only Windows Fat partitions are supported by Linux

Windows FAT and NTFS supported by Mac
Mac users must unmount any devices that are already mounted in
order to connect to a target server. Use >diskutil umount
/dev/disk1s1 to unmount the device and diskutil mount /dev/disk1s1
to remount it.
Conditions when Read/Write is Not Available
Virtual media Read/Write is not available in the following situations:

For Linux® and Mac® clients

For all hard drives

When the drive is write-protected

When the user does not have Read/Write permission:

Port Permission Access is set to None or View

Port Permission VM Access is set to Read-Only or Deny
Using Virtual Media
See Prerequisites for Using Virtual Media (on page 111) before you
begin using virtual media.
To use virtual media:
1. If you plan to access file server ISO images, identify those file
servers and images through the Remote Console File Server Setup
page. See Virtual Media File Server Setup (File Server ISO
Images Only) (on page 116).
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Note: ISO9660 format is the standard supported by Raritan.
However, other CD-ROM extensions may also work.
2. Open a KVM session with the appropriate target server.
a. Open the Port Access page from the Remote Console.
b. Connect to the target server from the Port Access page:

Click the Port Name for the appropriate server.

Choose the Connect command from the Port Action menu. The
target server opens in a Virtual KVM Client window.
3. Connect to the virtual media.
For:
Select this VM option:
Local drives
Connect Drive
Local CD/DVD drives
Connect CD-ROM/ISO
ISO Images
Connect CD-ROM/ISO
File Server ISO Images
Connect CD-ROM/ISO
Upon completion of your tasks, disconnect the virtual media. See
Disconnecting Virtual Media (on page 121).
Virtual Media File Server Setup (File Server ISO Images Only)
Note: This feature is only required when using virtual media to access file
server ISO images. ISO9660 format is the standard supported by
Raritan. However, other CD-ROM extensions may also work.
Note: SMB/CIFS support is required on the file server.
Use the Remote Console File Server Setup page to designate the files
server(s) and image paths that you want to access using virtual media.
File server ISO images specified here are available for selection in the
Remote Server ISO Image Hostname and Image drop-down lists in the
Map Virtual Media CD/ISO Image dialog. See Mounting CD-ROM/DVDROM/ISO Images (on page 119).
To designate file server ISO images for virtual media access:
1. Choose Virtual Media from the Remote Console. The File Server
Setup page opens.
2. Check the Selected checkbox for all media that you want accessible
as virtual media.
3. Enter information about the file server ISO images that you want to
access:

116
IP Address/Host Name - Host name or IP address of the file
server.
Chapter 5: Virtual Media

Image Path - Full path name of the location of the ISO image. For
example, /sharename0/path0/image0.iso,
\sharename1\path1\image1.iso, and so on.
Note: The host name cannot exceed 232 characters in length.
4. Click Save. All media specified here are now available for selection
in the Map Virtual Media CD/ISO Image dialog.
Note: You cannot access a remote ISO image via virtual media using an
IPv6 address due to technical limitations of third-party software used by
the LX, KX, KSX or KX101 G2 device.
Note: If you are connecting to a Windows 2003® server and attempt to
load an ISO image from the server, you may receive an error stating
"Virtual Media mounting on port failed. Unable to connect to the file
server or incorrect File Server username and password". If this occurs,
disable "Microsoft Network Server: Digitally Sign Communications".
Note: If you are connecting to a Windows 2003 Server and attempt to
load an ISO image from the server, you may receive an error stating
"Virtual Media mounting on port failed. Unable to connect to the file
server or incorrect File Server username and password". If this occurs,
disable the "Microsoft Network Server: Digitally Sign Communications"
option on the server under the Domain Controllers policies.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Connecting to Virtual Media
Mounting Local Drives
This option mounts an entire drive, which means the entire disk drive is
mounted virtually onto the target server. Use this option for hard drives
and external drives only. It does not include network drives, CD-ROM, or
DVD-ROM drives. This is the only option for which Read/Write is
available.
Note: KVM target servers running the Windows XP® operating system
may not accept new mass storage connections after an NTFS-formatted
partition (for example, the local C drive) has been redirected to them.
If this occurs, close the Remote Console and reconnect before
redirecting another virtual media device. If other users are connected to
the same target server, they must also close their connections to the
target server.
Note: In the KX II 2.1.0 (and later), when you mount an external drive
such as a floppy drive, the LED light on the drive will remain on because
the device is checking the drive every 500 milliseconds to verify the drive
is still mounted.
To access a drive on the client computer:
1. From the Virtual KVM Client, choose Virtual Media > Connect Drive.
The Map Virtual Media Drive dialog appears. ()
2. Choose the drive from the Local Drive drop-down list.
3. If you want Read and Write capabilities, select the Read-Write
checkbox. This option is disabled for nonremovable drives. See the
Conditions when Read/Write is Not Available (on page 115) for
more information. When checked, you will be able to read or write to
the connected USB disk.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
WARNING: Enabling Read/Write access can be dangerous!
Simultaneous access to the same drive from more than one entity
can result in data corruption. If you do not require Write access,
leave this option unselected.
4. Click Connect. The media will be mounted on the target server
virtually. You can access the media just like any other drive.
Mounting CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/ISO Images
This option mounts CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and ISO images.
Note: ISO9660 format is the standard supported by Raritan. However,
other CD-ROM extensions may also work.
To access a CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, or ISO image:
1. From the Virtual KVM Client, choose Virtual Media > Connect CDROM/ISO Image. The Map Virtual Media CD/ISO Image dialog
appears.
2. For internal and external CD-ROM or DVD-ROM drives:
a. Choose the Local CD/DVD Drive option.
b. Choose the drive from the Local CD/DVD Drive drop-down list.
All available internal and external CD and DVD drive names will
be populated in the drop-down list.
c.
Click Connect.
3. For ISO images:
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
a. Choose the ISO Image option. Use this option when you want to
access a disk image of a CD, DVD, or hard drive. ISO format is
the only format supported.
b. Click Browse.
c.
Navigate to the path containing the disk image you want to use
and click Open. The path is populated in the Image Path field.
d. Click Connect.
4. For remote ISO images on a file server:
a. Choose the Remote Server ISO Image option.
b. Choose Hostname and Image from the drop-down list. The file
servers and image paths available are those that you configured
using the File Server Setup page. Only items you configured
using the File Server Setup page will be in the drop-down list.
c.
File Server Username - User name required for access to the file
server. The name can include the domain name such as
mydomain/username.
d. File Server Password - Password required for access to the file
server (field is masked as you type).
e. Click Connect.
The media will be mounted on the target server virtually. You can
access the media just like any other drive.
Note: If you are working with files on a Linux® target, use the Linux Sync
command after the files are copied using virtual media in order to view
the copied files. Files may not appear until a sync is performed.
Note: If you are using the Windows 7® operating system®, Removable
Disk is not displayed by default in the Window's My Computer folder
when you mount a Local CD/DVD Drive or Local or Remote ISO Image.
To view the Local CD/DVD Drive or Local or Remote ISO Image in this
folder, select Tools > Folder Options > View and deselect "Hide empty
drives in the Computer folder".
Note: You cannot access a remote ISO image via virtual media using an
IPv6 address due to third-party software technical limitations.
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Chapter 5: Virtual Media
Disconnecting Virtual Media
To disconnect the virtual media drives:

For local drives, choose Virtual Media > Disconnect Drive.

For CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, and ISO images, choose Virtual Media >
Disconnect CD-ROM/ISO Image.
Note: In addition to disconnecting the virtual media using the Disconnect
command, simply closing the KVM connection closes the virtual media
as well.
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Chapter 6
USB Profiles
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................122
CIM Compatibility ..................................................................................123
Available USB Profiles...........................................................................123
Selecting Profiles for a KVM Port ..........................................................130
Overview
To broaden the KX II's compatibility with different KVM target servers,
Raritan provides a standard selection of USB configuration profiles for a
wide range of operating system and BIOS-level server implementations.
The Generic (default) USB profile meets the needs of the vast majority of
deployed KVM target server configurations. Additional profiles are
provided to meet the specific needs of other commonly deployed server
configurations (for example, Linux® and Mac OS X®). There are also a
number of profiles (designated by platform name and BIOS revision) to
enhance virtual media function compatibility with the target server, for
example, when operating at the BIOS level.
USB profiles are configured on the Device Settings > Port Configuration
> Port page of the KX II Remote and Local Consoles. A device
administrator can configure the port with the profiles that best meet the
needs of the user and the target server configuration.
A user connecting to a KVM target server chooses among these
preselected profiles in the Virtual KVM Client, depending on the
operational state of the KVM target server. For example, if the server is
running and the user wants to use the Windows® operating system, it
would be best to use the Generic profile. But if the user wants to change
settings in the BIOS menu or boot from a virtual media drive, depending
on the target server model, a BIOS profile may be more appropriate.
Should none of the standard USB profiles provided by Raritan work with
a given KVM target, please contact Raritan Technical Support for
assistance.
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
CIM Compatibility
In order to make use of USB profiles, you must use a digital CIM,
D2CIM-VUSB or D2CIM-DVUSB with updated firmware. A VM-CIM that
has not had its firmware upgraded supports a broad range of
configurations (Keyboard, Mouse, CD-ROM, and Removable Drive) but
will not be able to make use of profiles optimized for particular target
configurations. Given this, existing VM-CIMs should be upgraded with
latest firmware in order to access USB profiles. Until existing VM-CIMs
are upgraded, they will be able to provide functionality equivalent to the
‘Generic’ profile.
VM-CIM firmware is automatically upgraded during a firmware upgrade,
but VM-CIMs that have not had their firmware upgraded can be
upgraded as described in Upgrading CIMs (on page 258).
See Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications
(on page 307) for additional information.
Available USB Profiles
The current release of the KX II comes with the selection of USB profiles
described in the following table. New profiles are included with each
firmware upgrade provided by Raritan. As new profiles are added, they
will be documented in the help.
USB profile
BIOS Dell® PowerEdge®
1950/2950/2970/6950/R200
Description
Dell PowerEdge
1950/2950/2970/6950/R200 BIOS
Use either this profile or 'Generic'
profile for Dell PowerEdge
1950/2950/2970/6950/R200 BIOS.
Restrictions:

BIOS Dell OptiPlex
Keyboard Only
™
None
Dell OptiPlex BIOS Access (Keyboard
Only)
Use this profile to have keyboard
functionality for the Dell OptiPlex BIOS
when using D2CIM-VUSB. When using
the new D2CIM-DVUSB, use 'Generic'
profile.
Notice:

Optiplex 210L/280/745/GX620
requires D2CIM-DVUSB with
'Generic' profile to support virtual
media
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
BIOS DellPowerEdge
Keyboard Only
Description
Restrictions:

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

No virtual media support
Dell PowerEdge BIOS Access
(Keyboard Only)
Use this profile to have keyboard
functionality for the Dell PowerEdge
BIOS when using D2CIM-VUSB. When
using the new D2CIM-DVUSB, use
'Generic' profile.
Notice:

PowerEdge
650/1650/1750/2600/2650 BIOS
do not support USB CD-ROM and
disk drives as a bootable device

PowerEdge
750/850/860/1850/2850/SC1425
BIOS requires D2CIM-DVUSB with
'Generic' profile to support virtual
media

Use 'BIOS Dell PowerEdge
1950/2950/2970/6950/R200' or
'Generic' profile for PowerEdge
1950/2950/2970/6950/R200 when
operating in the BIOS
Restrictions:
BIOS ASUS P4C800
Motherboard

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported

No virtual media support
Use this profile to access BIOS and
boot from Virtual Media on Asus
P4C800-based systems.
Restrictions:
124

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
BIOS Generic
Description
BIOS Generic
Use this profile when Generic OS
profile does not work on the BIOS.
WARNING: USB enumeration will
trigger whenever virtual media is
connected or disconnected.
Restrictions:
BIOS HP® Proliant™ DL145

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
HP Proliant DL145 PhoenixBIOS
Use this profile for HP Proliant DL145
PhoenixBIOS during OS installation.
Restrictions:

BIOS HP Compaq®
DC7100/DC7600
USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
BIOS HP Compaq DC7100/DC7600
Use this profile to boot the HP Compaq
DC7100/DC7600 series desktops from
virtual media.
Restrictions:

BIOS IBM ThinkCentre
Lenovo
Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
IBM Thinkcentre Lenovo BIOS
Use this profile for the IBM®
Thinkcentre Lenovo system board
(model 828841U) during BIOS
operations.
Restrictions:
IBM BladeCenter H with
Advanced Management

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
Use this profile to enable virtual media
functionality when D2CIM-VUSB or
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
Module
Description
D2CIM-DVUSB is connected to the
Advanced Management Module.
Restrictions:

BIOS Lenovo ThinkPad T61
& X61
Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
BIOS Lenovo ThinkPad T61 and X61
(boot from virtual media)
Use this profile to boot the T61 and
X61 series laptops from virtual media.
Restrictions:

BIOS Mac
USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
BIOS Mac
Use this profile for Mac® BIOS.
Restrictions:
Generic

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
The generic USB profile resembles the
behavior of the original KX2 release.
Use this for Windows 2000® operating
system, Windows XP® operating
system, Windows Vista® operating
system and later.
Restrictions:

None
HP Proliant DL360/DL380 G4 HP Proliant DL360/DL380 G4 (HP
(HP SmartStart CD)
SmartStart CD)
Use this profile for the HP Proliant
DL360/DL380 G4 series server when
installing OS using HP SmartStart CD.
Restrictions:

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported
HP Proliant DL360/DL380 G4 HP Proliant DL360/DL380 G4
(Windows 2003® Server
(Windows 2003 Server Installation)
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
Installation)
Description
Use this profile for the HP Proliant
DL360/DL380 G4 series server when
installing Windows 2003 Server
without the help of HP SmartStart CD.
Restrictions:

Linux®
USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
Generic Linux profile
This is the generic Linux profile; use it
for Redhat Enterprise Linux, SuSE
Linux Enterprise Desktop and similar
distributions.
Restrictions:

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported
MAC OS X® (10.4.9 and later) Mac OS-X, version 10.4.9 and later
This profile compensates the scaling of
mouse coordinates introduced in
recent versions of Mac OS-X. Select
this if the remote and local mouse
positions get out of sync near the
desktop borders.
Restrictions:

RUBY Industrial Mainboard
(AwardBIOS)
Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
RUBY Industrial Mainboard
(AwardBIOS)
Use this profile for the RUBY9715VG2A series industrial
mainboards with Phoenix/AwardBIOS
v6.00PG.
Restrictions:
Supermicro Mainboard
Phoenix (AwardBIOS)

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
Supermicro Mainboard Phoenix
AwardBIOS
Use this profile for the Supermicro
series mainboards with Phoenix
AwardBIOS.
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
Description
Restrictions:

Suse 9.2
Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
SuSE Linux 9.2
Use this for SuSE Linux 9.2
distribution.
Restrictions:
Troubleshooting 1

Absolute mouse synchronization™
not supported

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
Troubleshooting Profile 1

Mass Storage first

Keyboard and Mouse (Type 1)

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
WARNING: USB enumeration will
trigger whenever virtual media is
connected or disconnected.
Troubleshooting 2
Troubleshooting Profile 2

Keyboard and Mouse (Type 2) first

Mass Storage

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)

Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
WARNING: USB enumeration will
trigger whenever virtual media is
connected or disconnected.
Troubleshooting 3
128
Troubleshooting Profile 3

Mass Storage first

Keyboard and Mouse (Type 2)

USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
Chapter 6: USB Profiles
USB profile
Description
 Virtual CD-ROM and disk drives
cannot be used simultaneously
WARNING: USB enumeration will
trigger whenever virtual media is
connected or disconnected.
Use Full Speed for Virtual
Media CIM
Use Full Speed for virtual media CIM
This profile resembles the behavior of
the original KX2 release with Full
Speed for virtual media CIM option
checked. Useful for BIOS that cannot
handle High Speed USB devices.
Restrictions:

Use Full Speed for Keyboard
and Mouse USB
USB bus speed limited to fullspeed (12 MBit/s)
This profile will set the Keyboard and
Mouse USB interface on the Dual-VM
CIM to Full Speed. Useful for devices
that cannot operate properly with the
Low Speed USB settings.
Restrictions:

USB bus speed set to full-speed
(12 MBit/s) on Keyboard and
Mouse USB interface
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Chapter 6: USB Profiles
Selecting Profiles for a KVM Port
The KX II comes with a set of USB profiles that you can assign to a KVM
port based on the characteristics of the KVM target server it connects to.
You assign USB profiles to a KVM port in the Device Settings > Port
Configuration > Port page in either the KX II Remote or Local Console.
It is the administrator that designates the profiles that are most likely to
be needed for a specific target. These profiles are then available for
selection via MPC, AKC and VKC. If a profile has not been made
available, you can access any of the available profiles by selecting USB
Profile > Other Profiles.
Assigning USB profiles to a KVM port makes those profiles available to a
user when connected to a KVM target server. If required, the user can
select a USB profile from the USB Profile menu in VKC, AKC or MPC.
For information about assigning USB profiles to a KVM port, see
Configuring USB Profiles (Port Page) (on page 217).
Mouse Modes when Using the Mac OS-X USB Profile with a DCIMVUSB
If you are using a DCIM-VUSB, using a Mac OS-X® USB profile, and
running Mac OS-X 10.4.9 (or later), when you reboot you must be in
Single Mouse mode to use the mouse at the Boot menu.
To configure the mouse to work at the Boot menu:
1. Reboot the Mac and press the Option key during the reboot to open
the Boot menu. The mouse will not respond at this point.
2. Select Intelligent Mouse mode and then select Single Mouse mode.
The mouse will respond.
Note: Mouse speed may be slow while in Single Mouse mode.
3. Once you are out of the Boot menu and have booted to the operating
system, exit Single Mouse mode and switch back to Absolute Mouse
mode for better mouse performance.
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Chapter 7
User Management
In This Chapter
User Groups ..........................................................................................131
Users .....................................................................................................140
Authentication Settings ..........................................................................143
Changing a Password ...........................................................................156
User Groups
The KX II stores an internal list of all user and group names to determine
access authorization and permissions. This information is stored
internally in an encrypted format. There are several forms of
authentication and this one is known as local authentication. All users
have to be authenticated. If the KX II is configured for LDAP/LDAPS or
RADIUS, that authentication is processed first, followed by local
authentication.
Every KX II is delivered with three default user groups. These groups
cannot be deleted:
User
Admin
Description
Users that are members of this group have full
administrative privileges. The original, factory-default
user is a member of this group and has the complete
set of system privileges. In addition, the Admin user
must be a member of the Admin group.
Unknown
This is the default group for users who are
authenticated externally using LDAP/LDAPS or
RADIUS or who are unknown to the system. If the
external LDAP/LDAPS or RADIUS server does not
identify a valid user group, the Unknown group is
used. In addition, any newly created user is
automatically put in this group until assigned to
another group.
Individual
Group
An individual group is essentially a “group” of one.
That is, the specific user is in its own group, not
affiliated with other real groups. Individual groups can
be identified by the “@” in the Group Name. The
individual group allows a user account to have the
same rights as a group.
Up to 254 user groups can be created in the KX II. Up to 254 user
groups can be created in the KX II.
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Chapter 7: User Management
User Group List
User groups are used with local and remote authentication (via RADIUS
or LDAP/LDAPS). It is a good idea to define user groups before creating
individual users since, when you add a user, you must assign that user
to an existing user group.
The User Group List page displays a list of all user groups, which can be
sorted in ascending or descending order by clicking on the Group Name
column heading. From the User Group List page, you can also add,
modify, or delete user groups.
To list the user groups:

Choose User Management > User Group List. The User Group List
page opens.
Relationship Between Users and Groups
Users belong to a group and groups have privileges. Organizing the
various users of your KX II into groups saves time by allowing you to
manage permissions for all users in a group at once, instead of
managing permissions on a user-by-user basis.
You may also choose not to associate specific users with groups. In this
case, you can classify the user as “Individual.”
Upon successful authentication, the device uses group information to
determine the user's permissions, such as which server ports are
accessible, whether rebooting the device is allowed, and other features.
Adding a New User Group
To add a new user group:
1. Select User Management > Add New User Group or click Add on the
User Group List page.
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Chapter 7: User Management
2. Type a descriptive name for the new user group into the Group
Name field (up to 64 characters).
3. Select the checkboxes next to the permissions you want to assign to
all of the users belonging to this group. See Setting Permissions
(on page 135).
4. Specify the server ports and the type of access for each user
belonging to this group. See Setting Port Permissions (on page
136).
5. Set the IP ACL. This feature limits access to the KX II device by
specifying IP addresses. It applies only to users belonging to a
specific group, unlike the IP Access Control list feature that applies
to all access attempts to the device (and takes priority). See GroupBased IP ACL (Access Control List) (on page 137). Optional
6. Click OK.
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Chapter 7: User Management
Note: Several administrative functions are available within MPC and from
the KX II Local Console. These functions are available only to members
of the default Admin group.
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Chapter 7: User Management
Setting Permissions
Important: Selecting the User Management checkbox allows the
members of the group to change the permissions of all users,
including their own. Carefully consider granting these permissions.
Permission
Description
Device Access
While Under CCSG Management
Allows users and user groups with this
permission to directly access the KX II using an
IP address when Local Access is enabled for
the device in CC-SG. The device can be
accessed from the Local Console, Remote
Console, MPC, VKC, and AKC.
When a device is accessed directly while it is
under CC-SG management, access and
connection activity is logged on the KX II. User
authentication is performed based on KX II
authentication settings.
Note: The Admin user group has this
permission by default.
Device Settings
Network settings, date/time settings, port
configuration (channel names, power
associations), event management (SNMP,
Syslog), virtual media file server setups.
Diagnostics
Network interface status, network statistics,
ping host, trace route to host, KX II diagnostics.
Maintenance
Backup and restore database, firmware
upgrade, factory reset, reboot.
Modem Access
Permission to use the modem to connect to the
KX II device.
PC-Share
Simultaneous access to the same target by
multiple users.
If you are using a tiered configuration in which
a base KX II device is used to access multiple
other tiered devices, all devices must share the
same PC-Share setting. See Configuring and
Enabling Tiering (on page 164) for more
information on tiering.
Security
SSL certificate, security settings (VM Share,
PC-Share), IP ACL.
User
User and group management, remote,
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Chapter 7: User Management
Permission
Management
Description
authentication (LDAP/LDAPS/RADIUS), login
settings.
If you are using a tiered configuration in which
a base KX II device is used to access multiple
other tiered devices, user, user group and
remote authentication settings must be
consistent across all devices. See Configuring
and Enabling Tiering (on page 164) for more
information on tiering.
Setting Port Permissions
For each server port, you can specify the access type the group has, as
well as the type of port access to the virtual media and the power control.
Please note that the default setting for all permissions is Deny.
Port access
option
Description
Deny
Denied access completely
View
View the video (but not interact with) the connected
target server.
Control
Control the connected target server. Control must be
assigned to the group if VM and power control access
will also be granted.
In order for all users in a user group to see KVM
switches that are added, each user must be granted
Control access. If they don't have this permission and
a KVM switch is added at a later time, they will not be
able to see the switches.
Control access must be granted for audio or smart
card related controls to be active.
VM access
136
option
Description
Deny
Virtual media permission is denied altogether for the
port.
Read-Only
Virtual media access is limited to read access only.
Chapter 7: User Management
VM access
Read-Write
Complete access (read, write) to virtual media.
Power control access
option
Description
Deny
Deny power control to the target server
Access
Full permission to power control on a target server
For blade chassis, the port access permission will control access to the
URLs that have been configured for that blade chassis. The options are
Deny or Control. In addition, each blade housed within the chassis has
its own independent Port Permissions setting.
If you are using a tiered configuration in which a base KX II device is
used to access multiple other tiered devices, the tiered device enforces
individual port control levels. See Configuring and Enabling Tiering
(on page 164) for more information on tiering.
Setting Permissions for an Individual Group
To set permissions for an individual user group:
1. Locate the group from among the groups listed. Individual groups
can be identified by the @ in the Group Name.
2. Click the Group Name. The Group page opens.
3. Select the appropriate permissions.
4. Click OK.
Group-Based IP ACL (Access Control List)
Important: Exercise caution when using group-based IP access
control. It is possible to be locked out of your KX II if your IP
address is within a range that has been denied access.
This feature limits access to the KX II device by users in the selected
group to specific IP addresses. This feature applies only to users
belonging to a specific group, unlike the IP Access Control List feature
that applies to all access attempts to the device, is processed first, and
takes priority.
Important: The IP address 127.0.0.1 is used by the KX II Local Port
and cannot be blocked.
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Chapter 7: User Management
Use the IP ACL section of the Group page to add, insert, replace, and
delete IP access control rules on a group-level basis.
To add (append) rules:
1. Type the starting IP address in the Starting IP field.
2. Type the ending IP address in the Ending IP field.
3. Choose the action from the available options:

Accept - IP addresses set to Accept are allowed access to the
KX II device.

Drop - IP addresses set to Drop are denied access to the KX II
device.
4. Click Append. The rule is added to the bottom of the rules list.
Repeat steps 1 through 4 for each rule you want to enter.
To insert a rule:
1. Enter a rule number (#). A rule number is required when using the
Insert command.
2. Enter the Starting IP and Ending IP fields.
3. Choose the action from the Action drop-down list.
4. Click Insert. If the rule number you just typed equals an existing rule
number, the new rule is placed ahead of the exiting rule and all rules
are moved down in the list.
To replace a rule:
1. Specify the rule number you want to replace.
2. Type the Starting IP and Ending IP fields.
3. Choose the Action from the drop-down list.
4. Click Replace. Your new rule replaces the original rule with the same
rule number.
To delete a rule:
1. Specify the rule number you want to delete.
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Chapter 7: User Management
2. Click Delete.
3. When prompted to confirm the deletion, click OK.
Important: ACL rules are evaluated in the order in which they are
listed. For instance, in the example shown here, if the two ACL
rules were reversed, Dominion would accept no communication at
all.
Tip: The rule numbers allow you to have more control over the order in
which the rules are created.
Modifying an Existing User Group
Note: All permissions are enabled for the Admin group and cannot be
changed.
To modify an existing user group:
1. From the Group page, change the appropriate fields and set the
appropriate permissions.
2. Set the Permissions for the group. Select the checkboxes before the
permissions you want to assign to all of the users belonging to this
group. See Setting Permissions (on page 135).
3. Set the Port Permissions. Specify the server ports that can be
accessed by users belonging to this group (and the type of access).
See Setting Port Permissions (on page 136).
4. Set the IP ACL (optional). This feature limits access to the KX II
device by specifying IP addresses. See Group-Based IP ACL
(Access Control List) (on page 137).
5. Click OK.
To delete a user group:
Important: If you delete a group with users in it, the users are
automatically assigned to the <unknown> user group.
Tip: To determine the users belonging to a particular group, sort the User
List by User Group.
1. Choose a group from among those listed by checking the checkbox
to the left of the Group Name.
2. Click Delete.
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Chapter 7: User Management
3. When prompted to confirm the deletion, click OK.
Users
Users must be granted user names and passwords to gain access to the
KX II. This information is used to authenticate users attempting to access
your KX II. Up to 254 users can be created for each user group.
If you are using a tiered configuration in which a base KX II device is
used to access multiple other tiered devices, users will need permission
to access the base device and permissions to access each individual
tiered device (as needed). When users log on to the base device, each
tiered device is queried and the user can access each target server they
have permissions to. See Configuring and Enabling Tiering (on page
164) for more information on tiering.
View the KX II Users List
The User List page displays a list of all users including their user name,
full name, and user group. The list can be sorted on any of the columns
by clicking on the column name. From the User List page, you can add,
modify, or delete users.
KX II users with User Management privileges can disconnect users from
ports or log them off (force log off) as needed. See Disconnecting
Users from Ports (on page 141) and Logging Users Off the KX II
(Force Logoff) (on page 142) respectively.
To view the target ports each user is connected to, see View Users by
Port (on page 141).
To view the list of users:

140
Choose User Management > User List. The User List page opens.
Chapter 7: User Management
View Users by Port
The User By Ports page lists all authenticated local and remote users
and ports they are being connected to. Only permanent connections to
ports are listed. Ports being accessed when scanning for ports are not
listed.
If the same user is logged on from more than one client, their username
appears on the page for each connection they have made. For example,
if a user has logged on from two (2) different clients, their name is listed
twice.
This page contains the following user and port information:

Port Number - port number assigned to the port the user is
connected to

Port Name - port name assigned to the port the user is connected to
Note: If user is not connected to a target, 'Local Console' or 'Remote
Console' is displayed under the Port Name.

Username - username for user logins and target connections

Access From - IP address of the KX II they are accessing

Status - current Active or Inactive status of the connection
To view users by port:

Choose User Management > User by Port. The Users by Port page
opens.
Disconnecting Users from Ports
Disconnecting users disconnects them from the target port without
logging them off of the KX II.
Note: Logging users off disconnects the user from the target port and
logs them off of the KX II. See Logging Users Off the KX II (Force
Logoff) (on page 142) for information on forcibly logging users off.
To disconnect users from port:
1. Choose User Management > Users by Port. The Users by Port page
opens.
2. Select the checkbox next to the username of the person you want to
disconnect from the target.
3. Click Disconnect User from Port.
4. Click OK on the confirmation message to disconnect the user.
5. A confirmation message is displayed to indicate that the user was
disconnected.
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Logging Users Off the KX II (Force Logoff)
If you are an administrator, you are able to log off any authenticated user
who is logged on to the KX II. Users can also be disconnected at the port
level. See Disconnecting Users from Ports (on page 141).
To log a user off the KX II:
1. Choose User Management > Users by Port. The Users by Port page
opens.
2. Select the checkbox next to the username of the person you want to
disconnect from the target.
3. Click Force User Logoff.
4. Click OK on the Logoff User confirmation message.
Adding a New User
It is a good idea to define user groups before creating KX II users
because, when you add a user, you must assign that user to an existing
user group. See Adding a New User Group (on page 132).
From the User page, you can add new users, modify user information,
and reactivate users that have been deactivated.
Note: A user name can be deactivated when the number of failed login
attempts has exceeded the maximum login attempts set in the Security
Settings page. See Security Settings (on page 234).
To add a new user:
1. Select User Management > Add New User or click Add on the User
List page.
2. Type a unique name in the Username field (up to 16 characters).
3. Type the person's full name in the Full Name field (up to 64
characters).
4. Type a password in the Password field and retype the password in
the Confirm Password field (up to 64 characters).
5. Choose the group from the User Group drop-down list.
If you do not want to associate this user with an existing User Group,
select Individual Group from the drop-down list. For more information
about permissions for an Individual Group, see Setting Permissions
for an Individual Group (on page 137).
6. To activate the new user, leave the Active checkbox selected. Click
OK.
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Modifying an Existing User
To modify an existing user:
1. Open the User List page by choosing User Management > User List.
2. Locate the user from among those listed on the User List page.
3. Click the user name. The User page opens.
4. On the User page, change the appropriate fields. See Adding a New
User (on page 142) for information about how to get access the User
page.
5. To delete a user, click Delete. You are prompted to confirm the
deletion.
6. Click OK.
Authentication Settings
Authentication is the process of verifying that a user is who he says he
is. Once a user is authenticated, the user's group is used to determine
his system and port permissions. The user's assigned privileges
determine what type of access is allowed. This is called authorization.
When the KX II is configured for remote authentication, the external
authentication server is used primarily for the purposes of authentication,
not authorization.
If you are using a tiered configuration in which a base KX II device is
used to access multiple other tiered devices, the base device and the
tiered devices must using the same authentication settings.
From the Authentication Settings page you can configure the type of
authentication used for access to your KX II.
Note: When remote authentication (LDAP/LDAPS or RADIUS) is
selected, if the user is not found, the local authentication database will
also be checked.
To configure authentication:
1. Choose User Management > Authentication Settings. The
Authentication Settings page opens.
2. Choose the option for the authentication protocol you want to use
(Local Authentication, LDAP/LDAPS, or RADIUS). Choosing the
LDAP option enables the remaining LDAP fields; selecting the
RADIUS option enables the remaining RADIUS fields.
3. If you choose Local Authentication, proceed to step 6.
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4. If you choose LDAP/LDAPS, read the section entitled Implementing
LDAP Remote Authentication for information about completing the
fields in the LDAP section of the Authentication Settings page.
5. If you choose RADIUS, read the section entitled Implementing
RADIUS Remote Authentication for information about completing the
fields in the RADIUS section of the Authentication Settings page.
6. Click OK to save.
To return to factory defaults:

Click Reset to Defaults.
Implementing LDAP/LDAPS Remote Authentication
Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP/LDAPS) is a networking
protocol for querying and modifying directory services running over
TCP/IP. A client starts an LDAP session by connecting to an
LDAP/LDAPS server (the default TCP port is 389). The client then sends
operation requests to the server, and the server sends responses in turn.
Reminder: Microsoft Active Directory functions natively as an
LDAP/LDAPS authentication server.
To use the LDAP authentication protocol:
1. Click User Management > Authentication Settings to open the
Authentication Settings page.
2. Select the LDAP radio button to enable the LDAP section of the
page.
3. Click the
icon to expand the LDAP section of the page.
Server Configuration
4. In the Primary LDAP Server field, type the IP address or DNS name
of your LDAP/LDAPS remote authentication server (up to 256
characters). When the Enable Secure LDAP option is selected and
the Enable LDAPS Server Certificate Validation option is selected,
the DNS name must be used to match the CN of LDAP server
certificate.
5. In the Secondary LDAP Server field, type the IP address or DNS
name of your backup LDAP/LDAPS server (up to 256 characters).
When the Enable Secure LDAP option is selected, the DNS name
must be used. Note that the remaining fields share the same settings
with the Primary LDAP Server field. Optional
6. Type of External LDAP Server.
7. Select the external LDAP/LDAPS server. Choose from among the
options available:
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
Generic LDAP Server.

Microsoft Active Directory. Active Directory is an implementation
of LDAP/LDAPS directory services by Microsoft for use in
Windows environments.
8. Type the name of the Active Directory Domain if you selected
Microsoft Active Directory. For example, acme.com. Consult your
Active Directive Administrator for a specific domain name.
9. In the User Search DN field, enter the Distinguished Name of where
in the LDAP database you want to begin searching for user
information. Up to 64 characters can be used. An example base
search value might be: cn=Users,dc=raritan,dc=com. Consult
your authentication server administrator for the appropriate values to
enter into these fields.
10. Enter the Distinguished Name of the Administrative User in the DN of
Administrative User field (up to 64 characters). Complete this field if
your LDAP server only allows administrators to search user
information using the Administrative User role. Consult your
authentication server administrator for the appropriate values to type
into this field. An example DN of Administrative User value might be:
cn=Administrator,cn=Users,dc=testradius,dc=com.
Optional
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11. If you entered a Distinguished Name for the Administrative User, you
must enter the password that will be used to authenticate the
Administrative User's DN against the remote authentication server.
Enter the password in the Secret Phrase field and again in the
Confirm Secret Phrase field (up to 128 characters).
LDAP/LDAP Secure
12. Select the Enable Secure LDAP checkbox if you would like to use
SSL. This will enable the Enable LDAPS Server Certificate Validation
checkbox. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is a cryptographic protocol
that allows KX II to communicate securely with the LDAP/LDAPS
server.
13. The default Port is 389. Either use the standard LDAP TCP port or
specify another port.
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14. The default Secure LDAP Port is 636. Either use the default port or
specify another port. This field is only used when the Enable Secure
LDAP checkbox is selected.
15. Select the Enable LDAPS Server Certificate Validation checkbox to
use the previously uploaded root CA certificate file to validate the
certificate provided by the server. If you do not want to use the
previously uploaded root CA certificate file, leave this checkbox
deselected. Disabling this function is the equivalent of accepting a
certificate that has been signed by an unknown certifying authority.
This checkbox is only available when the Enable Secure LDAP
checkbox has been enabled.
Note: When the Enable LDAPS Server Certificate Validation option is
selected, in addition to using the Root CA certificate for validation,
the server hostname must match the common name provided in the
server certificate.
16. If needed, upload the Root CA Certificate File. This field is enabled
when the Enable Secure LDAP option is selected. Consult your
authentication server administrator to get the CA certificate file in
Base64 encoded X-509 format for the LDAP/LDAPS server. Use
Browse to navigate to the certificate file. If you are replacing a
certificate for the LDAP/LDAPS server with a new certificate, you
must reboot the KX II in order for the new certificate to take effect.
Test LDAP Server Access
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17. The KX II provides you with the ability to test the LDAP configuration
from the Authentication Settings page due to the complexity
sometimes encountered with successfully configuring the LDAP
server and KX II for remote authentication. To test the LDAP
configuration, enter the login name and password in the "Login for
testing" field and the "Password for testing" field respectively. This is
the username and password you entered to access the KX II and
that the LDAP server will use to authenticate you. Click Test.
Once the test is completed, a message will be displayed that lets you
know the test was successful or, if the test failed, a detailed error
message will be displayed. It will display successful result or detail
error message in failure case. It also can display group information
retrieved from remote LDAP server for the test user in case of
success.
Returning User Group Information from Active Directory Server
The KX II supports user authentication to Active Directory® (AD) without
requiring that users be defined locally on the KX II. This allows Active
Directory user accounts and passwords to be maintained exclusively on
the AD server. Authorization and AD user privileges are controlled and
administered through the standard KX II policies and user group
privileges that are applied locally to AD user groups.
IMPORTANT: If you are an existing Raritan, Inc. customer, and have
already configured the Active Directory server by changing the AD
schema, the KX II still supports this configuration and you do not
need to perform the following operations. See Updating the LDAP
Schema (on page 341) for information about updating the AD
LDAP/LDAPS schema.
To enable your AD server on the KX II:
1. Using the KX II, create special groups and assign proper
permissions and privileges to these groups. For example, create
groups such as KVM_Admin and KVM_Operator.
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2. On your Active Directory server, create new groups with the same
group names as in the previous step.
3. On your AD server, assign the KX II users to the groups created in
step 2.
4. From the KX II, enable and configure your AD server properly. See
Implementing LDAP/LDAPS Remote Authentication (on page
144).
Important Notes

Group Name is case sensitive.

The KX II provides the following default groups that cannot be
changed or deleted: Admin and <Unknown>. Verify that your Active
Directory server does not use the same group names.

If the group information returned from the Active Directory server
does not match the KX II group configuration, the KX II automatically
assigns the group of <Unknown> to users who authenticate
successfully.

If you use a dialback number, you must enter the following casesensitive string: msRADIUSCallbackNumber.

Based on recommendations from Microsoft, Global Groups with user
accounts should be used, not Domain Local Groups.
Implementing RADIUS Remote Authentication
Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service (RADIUS) is an AAA
(authentication, authorization, and accounting) protocol for network
access applications.
To use the RADIUS authentication protocol:
1. Click User Management > Authentication Settings to open the
Authentication Settings page.
2. Click the RADIUS radio button to enable the RADIUS section of the
page.
3. Click the
icon to expand the RADIUS section of the page.
4. In the Primary Radius Server and Secondary Radius Server fields,
type the IP address of your primary and optional secondary remote
authentication servers, respectively (up to 256 characters).
5. In the Shared Secret fields, type the server secret used for
authentication (up to 128 characters).
The shared secret is a character string that must be known by both
the KX II and the RADIUS server to allow them to communicate
securely. It is essentially a password.
6. The Authentication Port default is port is 1812 but can be changed
as required.
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7. The Accounting Port default port is 1813 but can be changed as
required.
8. The Timeout is recorded in seconds and default timeout is 1 second,
but can be changed as required.
The timeout is the length of time the KX II waits for a response from
the RADIUS server before sending another authentication request.
9. The default number of retries is 3 Retries.
This is the number of times the KX II will send an authentication
request to the RADIUS server.
10. Choose the Global Authentication Type from among the options in
the drop-down list:

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PAP - With PAP, passwords are sent as plain text. PAP is not
interactive. The user name and password are sent as one data
package once a connection is established, rather than the server
sending a login prompt and waiting for a response.
Chapter 7: User Management

CHAP - With CHAP, authentication can be requested by the
server at any time. CHAP provides more security than PAP.
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Cisco ACS 5.x for RADIUS Authentication
If you are using a Cisco ACS 5.x server, after you have configured the
KX II for RADIUS authentication, complete the following steps on the
Cisco ACS 5.x server.
Note: The following steps include the Cisco menus and menu items used
to access each page. Please refer to your Cisco documentation for the
most up to date information on each step and more details on performing
them.
152

Add the KX II as a AAA Client (Required) - Network Resources >
Network Device Group > Network Device and AAA Clients

Add/edit users (Required) - Network Resources > Users and Identity
Stores > Internal Identity Stores > Users

Configure Default Network access to enable CHAP Protocol
(Optional) - Policies > Access Services > Default Network Access

Create authorization policy rules to control access (Required) Policy Elements > Authorization and Permissions > Network Access
> Authorization Profiles

Dictionary Type: RADIUS-IETF

RADIUS Attribute: Filter-ID

Attribute Type: String

Attribute Value: Raritan:G{KVM_Admin} (where KVM_Admin is
group name created locally on Dominion KVM Switch). Case
sensitive.

Configure Session Conditions (Date and Time) (Required) - Policy
Elements > Session Conditions > Date and Time

Configure/create the Network Access Authorization Policy
(Required) - Access Policies > Access Services > Default Network
Access>Authorization
Chapter 7: User Management
Returning User Group Information via RADIUS
When a RADIUS authentication attempt succeeds, the KX II determines
the permissions for a given user based on the permissions of the user's
group.
Your remote RADIUS server can provide these user group names by
returning an attribute, implemented as a RADIUS FILTER-ID. The
FILTER-ID should be formatted as follows: Raritan:G{GROUP_NAME}
where GROUP_NAME is a string denoting the name of the group to
which the user belongs.
Raritan:G{GROUP_NAME}:D{Dial Back Number}
where GROUP_NAME is a string denoting the name of the group to
which the user belongs and Dial Back Number is the number associated
with the user account that the KX II modem will use to dial back to the
user account.
RADIUS Communication Exchange Specifications
The KX II sends the following RADIUS attributes to your RADIUS server:
Attribute
Data
Log in
Access-Request (1)
NAS-Port-Type (61)
VIRTUAL (5) for network connections.
NAS-IP-Address (4)
The IP address for the KX II.
User-Name (1)
The user name entered at the login screen.
Acct-Session-ID (44)
Session ID for accounting.
User-Password(2)
The encrypted password.
Accounting-Request(4)
Acct-Status (40)
Start(1) - Starts the accounting.
NAS-Port-Type (61)
VIRTUAL (5) for network connections.
NAS-Port (5)
Always 0.
NAS-IP-Address (4)
The IP address for the KX II.
User-Name (1)
The user name entered at the login screen.
Acct-Session-ID (44)
Session ID for accounting.
Log out
Accounting-Request(4)
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154
Attribute
Acct-Status (40)
Data
Stop(2) - Stops the accounting
NAS-Port-Type (61)
VIRTUAL (5) for network connections.
NAS-Port (5)
Always 0.
NAS-IP-Address (4)
The IP address for the KX II.
User-Name (1)
The user name entered at the login screen.
Acct-Session-ID (44)
Session ID for accounting.
Chapter 7: User Management
User Authentication Process
Remote authentication follows the process specified in the flowchart
below:
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Changing a Password
To change your password:
1. Choose User Management > Change Password. The Change
Password page opens.
2. Type your current password in the Old Password field.
3. Type a new password in the New Password field. Retype the new
password in the Confirm New Password field. Passwords can be up
to 64 characters in length and can consist of English alphanumeric
characters and special characters.
4. Click OK.
5. You will receive confirmation that the password was successfully
changed. Click OK.
Note: If strong passwords are in use, this page displays information
about the format required for the passwords. For more information about
passwords and strong passwords, see Strong Passwords (on page
237).
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In This Chapter
Network Settings ...................................................................................157
Device Services .....................................................................................162
Power Supply Setup ..............................................................................184
Configuring Ports ...................................................................................185
Connect and Disconnect Scripts ...........................................................225
Port Group Management .......................................................................230
Changing the Default GUI Language Setting ........................................233
Network Settings
Use the Network Settings page to customize the network configuration
(for example, the IP address, discovery port, and LAN interface
parameters) for your KX II.
There are two options available to set up your IP configuration:

None (default) - This is the recommended option (static IP). Since
the KX II is part of your network infrastructure, you most likely do not
want its IP address to change frequently. This option allows you to
set the network parameters.

DHCP - With this option, the IP address is automatically assigned by
a DHCP server.
To change the network configuration:
1. Choose Device Settings > Network. The Network Settings page
opens.
2. Update the Network Basic Settings. See Network Basic Settings
(on page 158).
3. Update the LAN Interface Settings. See LAN Interface Settings (on
page 160).
4. Click OK to set these configurations. If your changes require
rebooting the device, a reboot message appears.
To reset to factory defaults:

Click Reset to Defaults.
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Network Basic Settings
These procedures describe how to assign an IP address on the Network
Settings page. For complete information about all of the fields and the
operation of this page, see Network Settings (on page 157).
To assign an IP address:
1. Choose Device Settings > Network. The Network Settings page
opens.
2. Specify a meaningful Device Name for your KX II device. Up to 32
alphanumeric characters using valid special characters and no
spaces.
3. In the IPv4 section, enter or select the appropriate IPv4-specific
network settings:
a. Enter the IP Address if needed. The default IP address is
192.168.0.192.
b. Enter the Subnet Mask. The default subnet mask is
255.255.255.0.
c.
Enter the Default Gateway if None is selected from the IP Auto
Configuration drop-down.
d. Enter the Preferred DHCP Host Name if DHCP is selected from
the IP Auto Configuration drop-down.
e. Select the IP Auto Configuration. The following options are
available:

None (Static IP) - This option requires that you manually specify
the network parameters.
This is the recommended option because the KX II is an
infrastructure device and its IP address should not change.

DHCP - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol is used by
networked computers (clients) to obtain unique IP addresses
and other parameters from a DHCP server.
With this option, network parameters are assigned by the DHCP
server. If DHCP is used, enter the Preferred host name (DHCP
only). Up to 63 characters.
4. If IPv6 is to be used, enter or select the appropriate IPv6-specific
network settings in the IPv6 section:
a. Select the IPv6 checkbox to activate the fields in the section.
b. Enter a Global/Unique IP Address. This is the IP address
assigned to the KX II.
c.
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Enter the Prefix Length. This is the number of bits used in the
IPv6 address.
Chapter 8: Device Management
d. Enter the Gateway IP Address.
e. Link-Local IP Address. This address is automatically assigned to
the device. It is used for neighbor discovery or when no routers
are present. Read-Only
f.
Zone ID. This identifies the device with which the address is
associated. Read-Only
g. Select the IP Auto Configuration. The following options are
available:

None - Use this option if you do not want an auto IP configuration
and prefer to set the IP address yourself (static IP). This is the
default and recommended option.
If None is selected for the IP auto configuration, the following
Network Basic Settings fields are enabled: Global/Unique IP
Address, Prefix Length, and Gateway IP Address allowing you to
manually set the IP configuration.

Router Discovery - Use this option to automatically assign IPv6
addresses that have Global or Unique Local significance beyond
that of the Link Local, which only applies to a directly connected
subnet.
5. Select Obtain DNS Server Address Automatically if DHCP is
selected and Obtain DNS Server Address is enabled. When Obtain
DNS Server Address Automatically is selected, the DNS information
provided by the DHCP server will be used.
6. If Use the Following DNS Server Addresses is selected, regardless
of whether DHCP is selected or not, the addresses entered in this
section will be used to connect to the DNS server.
Enter the following information if the Following DNS Server
Addresses option is selected. These addresses are the primary and
secondary DNS addresses that will be used if the primary DNS
server connection is lost due to an outage.
a. Primary DNS Server IP Address
b. Secondary DNS Server IP Address
7. When finished, click OK.
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See LAN Interface Settings (on page 160) for information in configuring
this section of the Network Settings page.
Note: In some environments, the default LAN Interface Speed & Duplex
setting Autodetect (autonegotiator) does not properly set the network
parameters, which results in network issues. In these instances, setting
the KX II LAN Interface Speed & Duplex field to 100 Mbps/Full Duplex
(or whatever option is appropriate to your network) addresses the issue.
See the Network Settings (on page 157) page for more information.
LAN Interface Settings
The current parameter settings are identified in the Current LAN interface
parameters field.
1. Choose Device Settings > Network. The Network Settings page
opens.
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2. Choose the LAN Interface Speed & Duplex from the following
options:

Autodetect (default option)

10 Mbps/Half - Both LEDs blink

10 Mbps/Full - Both LEDs blink

100 Mbps/Half - Yellow LED blinks

100 Mbps/Full - Yellow LED blinks

1000 Mbps/Full (gigabit) - Green LED blinks

Half-duplex provides for communication in both directions, but
only one direction at a time (not simultaneously).

Full-duplex allows communication in both directions
simultaneously.
Note: Occasionally there are problems running at 10 Mbps in either
half or full duplex. If you are experiencing problems, try another
speed and duplex setting.
See Network Speed Settings (on page 326) for more information.
3. Select the Enable Automatic Failover checkbox to allow the KX II to
automatically recover its network connection using a second network
port if the active network port fails.
Note: Because a failover port is not activated until after a failover has
actually occurred, Raritan recommends that you not monitor the port
or monitor it only after a failover occurs.
When this option is enabled, the following two fields are used:

Ping Interval (seconds) - Ping interval determines how often the
KX II checks the status of the network path to the designated
gateway. The default ping interval is 30 seconds.

Timeout (seconds) - Timeout determines how long a designated
gateway remains unreachable via the network connection before
a fail over occurs.
Note: The ping interval and timeout can be configured to best meet
the local network conditions. The timeout should be set to allow for at
least two or more ping requests to be transmitted and responses
returned. For example, if a high rate of failover is observed due to
high network utilization, the timeout should be extended to 3 or 4
times the ping interval.
4. Select the Bandwidth.
5. Click OK to apply the LAN settings.
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Device Services
The Device Services page allows you to configure the following
functions:

Enable SSH access

Enable tiering for the base KX II

Enter the discovery port

Enable direct port access

Enable the AKC Download Server Certificate Validation feature if you
are using AKC
Enabling SSH
Enable SSH access to allow administrators to access the KX II via the
SSH v2 application.
To enable SSH access:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Select Enable SSH Access.
3. Enter the SSH Port information. The standard SSH TCP port number
is 22 but the port number can be changed to provide a higher level of
security operations.
4. Click OK.
HTTP and HTTPS Port Settings
You are able to configure HTTP and/or HTTPS ports used by the KX II.
For example, if you are using the default HTTP port 80 for another
purpose, changing the port will ensure the device does not attempt to
use it.
To change the HTTP and/or HTTPS port settings:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Enter the new ports in the HTTP Port and/or HTTPS Port fields.
3. Click OK.
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Entering the Discovery Port
The KX II discovery occurs over a single, configurable TCP Port. The
default is Port 5000, but you can configure it to use any TCP port except
80 and 443. To access the KX II from beyond a firewall, your firewall
settings must enable two-way communication through the default Port
5000 or a non-default port configured here.
To enable the discovery port:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Enter the Discovery Port.
3. Click OK.
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Configuring and Enabling Tiering
The tiering feature allows you to access KX II targets and PDUs through
one base KX II device. This feature is available for standard KX II
devices as well as KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 devices.
Note: Base and tiered devices must all be operating with the same
firmware revision.
Note: Dual Video port targets attached to a tier device should only be
connected via the tier device, not through the tier base device. See
Creating Dual Port Video Groups.
Devices can be added and removed from a configuration as needed up
to a maximum of two tiered levels.
When setting up the devices, you will use specific CIMS for specific
configurations. See Tiering - Target Types, Supported CIMS and
Tiering Configurations (on page 166) for a description of the targets
that can be included in a tiered configuration, CIM compatibility and
device configuration information.
Before adding tiered devices, you must enable tiering for the base device
and the tiered devices. Enable base devices on the Device Settings
page. Enable tiered devices on the Local Port Settings page. Once
devices are enabled and configured, they appear on the Port Access
page.
When the KX II is configured to function as a base device or tiered
device, they will be displayed as:

Configured As Base Device in the Device Information section of the
left panel of the KX II interface for base devices.

Configured As Tier Device in the Device Information section of the
left panel of the KX II interface for tiered devices.

The base device will be identified as Base in the left panel of the
tiered device's interface under Connect User.

Target connections to a tier port from the base will be displayed as 2
ports connected.
The base device provides remote and local access over a consolidated
port list from the Port Access page. Tiered devices provide remote
access from their own port lists. Local access is not available on the
tiered devices when Tiering is enabled.
Port configuration, including changing the CIM name, must be done
directly from each device. It cannot be done from the base device for
tiered target ports.
Tiering also supports the use of KVM switches to switch between
servers. See Configuring KVM Switches (on page 188).
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Enabling Tiering
Connect from a target server port on the base device to the tier KX II
Local Access port video/keyboard/mouse ports using a D2CIM-DVUSB.
If the tier device is a KX2-808, KX2-832 or KX2-864, connect from a
target server port on the base device directly to the tier KX2-808/KX2832/KX2-864 Extended Local port.
To enable tiering:
1. From the tier base, choose Device Settings > Device Services. The
Device Service Settings page appears.
2. Select Enable Tiering as Base.
3. In the Base Secret field, enter the secret shared between the base
and the tiered devices. This secret is required for the tiered devices
to authenticate the base device. You will enter the same secret word
for the tiered device.
4. Click OK.
5. Enable the tiered devices. From the tiered device, choose Device
Settings > Local Port Settings.
6. In the Enable Local Ports section of the page, select Enable Local
Port Device Tiering.
7. In the Tier Secret field, enter the same secret word you entered for
the base device on the Device Settings page.
8. Click OK.
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Tiering - Target Types, Supported CIMS and Tiering Configurations
Blade Chassis
Blade chassis that attached directly to the base are accessible.
Power Control
You can power on and off targets that are a part of the tiered
configuration. These targets are accessed from the Port Access page.
KX II PDU outlets can be accessed and controlled via a tiered
configuration with either the KX II or KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864
models. If targets and outlets are associated, power control is available
from the Port Access page. Targets and PDU outlet associations are
limited to those attached to the same KX II.
PDUs attached to the base or tiered KX IIs are displayed on the Power
page drop-down along with the statistics for the selected powerstrip.
Outlet level control is available as well. Specifically, you can power off
and power on outlets that are currently on, but you cannot power cycle
outlets that are currently off.
KX II to KX II or KX2-8xx Local Port Configuration - Compatible
CIMS
The following CIMS are compatible when you are configuring a base KX
II to access and control either additional KX II, or KX2-808, KX2-832 and
KX2-864 models, as well as KX II PDUs and blade chassis.
If you are using a KX II to KX II configuration, the D2CIM-DVUSB must
be used. If you are using a KX II to KX2-8xx configuration, only the
extended local port can be used.
If you are using a configuration that consists of a KX II and KX2-808,
KX2-832 or KX2-864, each device must be using the same firmware
version. Where blade chassis are a part of a configuration, each blade
chassis counts as one target port.
Unsupported and Limited Features on Tiered Targets
The following features are not supported on tiered targets:

Blade chassis on tiered devices

Audio on tiered devices

Smart cards on tiered devices

Virtual media tiered devices

MCCAT as a tiered device
Port group management is limited to creating port groups of members
directly attached to the base.
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Cabling Example in Tiered Configurations
The following diagram illustrates the cabling configurations between a
KX II tiered device and a KX II base device. Connect from a target server
port on the base device to the tier KX II Local Access port
video/keyboard/mouse ports using a D2CIM-DVUSB.
If the tier device is a KX2-808, KX2-832 or KX2-864, connect from a
target server port on the base device directly to the tier KX2-808/KX2832/KX2-864 Extended Local port.
Diagram key
Target server
CIM from target server to the KX II tiered
device
KX II tiered device
D2CIM-DVUSB CIM from the KX II tiered
device to the KX II base device
KX II base device
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Enabling Direct Port Access via URL
Direct port access allows users to bypass having to use the device's
Login dialog and Port Access page. This feature also provides the ability
to enter a username and password directly and proceed to the target if
the username and password is not contained in the URL.
The following is important URL information regarding direct port access:
If you are using VKC and direct port access:

https://IPaddress/dpa.asp?username=username&password=passwo
rd&port=port number
If you are using AKC and direct port access:

https://IPaddress/dpa.asp?username=username&password=passwo
rd&port=port number&client=akc
Where:

Username and password are optional. If they are not provided, a
login dialog will be displayed and, after being authenticated, the user
will be directly connected to the target.

The port may be a port number or port name. If you are using a port
name, the name must be unique or an error is reported. If the port is
omitted altogether, an error is reported.

For blade chassis, the port is designated <port number>'-'<slot
number>. For example, 1-2 for blade chassis connected to port 1,
slot 2.

Client=akc is optional unless you are using the AKC client. If
client=akc is not included, VKC is used as the client.
If you are accessing a target that is part of a dual port video group, direct
port access uses the primary port to launch both the primary and
secondary ports. Direct port connections to the secondary port are
denied, and usual permission rules apply. See Creating a Dual Video
Port Group (on page 232) for information on the dual port video group
feature.
To enable direct port access:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Select Enable Direct Port Access via URL if you would like users to
have direct access to a target via the Dominion device by passing in
the necessary parameters in the URL.
3. Click OK.
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Enabling the AKC Download Server Certificate Validation
If you are using the AKC client, you can choose to use the Enable AKC
Download Server Certificate Validation feature or opt not to use this
feature.
Note: When operating in IPv4 and IPv6 dual stack mode with 'Enable
AKC Download Server Certificate Validation' feature, Microsoft®
ClickOnce® requires that the server certificate CN should not contain a
zero compressed form of IPv6 address. If it does you will not be able to
successfully download and launch AKC. However, this may conflict with
browser preferences for the form of the IPv6 addresss. Use the server
hostname in the common name (CN) or include compressed and
uncompressed forms of the IPv6 address in the certificate's Subject
Alternative Name.
Option 1: Do Not Enable AKC Download Server Certificate
Validation (default setting)
If you do not enable AKC Download Server Certificate Validation, all
Dominion device users and CC-SG Bookmark and Access Client users
must:

Ensure the cookies from the IP address of the device that is being
accessed are not currently being blocked.

Windows Vista, Windows 7 and Windows 2008 server users should
ensure that the IP address of the device being accessed is included
in their browser's Trusted Sites Zone and that Protected Mode is not
on when accessing the device.
Option 2: Enable AKC Download Server Certificate Validation
If you do enable AKC Download Server Certificate Validation:

Administrators must upload a valid certificate to the device or
generate a self-signed certificate on the device. The certificate must
have a valid host designation.

Each user must add the CA certificate (or a copy of self-signed
certificate) to the Trusted Root CA store in their browser.
To install the self-signed certificate when using Windows Vista®
operating system and Windows 7® operating system:
1. Include the KX II IP address in the Trusted Site zone and ensure
'Protected Mode' is off.
2. Launch Internet Explorer® using the KX II IP address as the URL. A
Certificate Error message will be displayed.
3. Select View Certificates.
4. On the General tab, click Install Certificate. The certificate is then
installed in the Trusted Root Certification Authorities store.
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5. After the certificate is installed, the KX II IP address should be
removed from the Trusted Site zone.
To enable AKC download server certificate validation:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Select the Enable AKC Download Server Certificate Validation
checkbox or you can leave the feature disabled (default).
3. Click OK.
If you are connecting to a KX II standalone device and support for AKC
download server certificate validation is enabled, the valid IPv6 format to
generate the certificate is either:

CN =[fd07:02fa:6cff:2500:020d:5dff:fe00:01c0] when
there is a leading 0
or

CN =[fd07:02fa:6cff:2500:020d:5dff:0000:01c0] when
there is no zero compression
Configuring SNMP Agents
SNMP-compliant devices, called agents, store data about themselves in
Management Information Bases (MIBs) and return this data to the SNMP
managers. See Viewing the KX II MIB (on page 181) for information on
viewing the KX II MIB.
KX II supports SNMP logging for SNMP v1/v2c and/or v3. SNMP v1/v2c
defines message formats and protocol operations when SNMP logging is
enabled. SNMP v3 is a security extension of SNMP that provides user
authentication, password management and encryption.
Note: Secure SNMP v3 data is separate from secure, KX II FIPS.
To configure SNMP agents:
1. Choose Device Settings > Device Services. The Device Service
Settings page opens.
2. Provide the following SNMP agent identifier information for the MIB-II
System Group objects:
a. System Name - the SNMP agent's name/device name
b. System Contact - the contact name related to the device
c.
System Location - the location of the device
3. Select either or both Enable SNMP v1/v2c and Enable SNMP v3. At
least one option must be selected. Required
4. Complete the following fields for SNMP v1/v2c (if needed):
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a. Community - the device's community string
b. Community Type - grant either Read-Only or Read-Write access
to the community users
Note: An SNMP community is the group to which devices and
management stations running SNMP belong. It helps define where
information is sent. The community name is used to identify the
group. The SNMP device or agent may belong to more than one
SNMP community.
5. Complete the following fields for SNMP v3 (if needed):
a. Select Use Auth Passphrase if one is needed. If the Privacy
Passphrase is required, the 'Use Auth Passphrase' allows you to
have the same passphrase for both without having to re-enter
the Auth Passphrase.
b. Security Name - the username or service account name of the
entity communicating with the SNMP agent (up to 32 characters)
c.
Authentication Protocol - the MD5 or SHA authentication
protocol used by the SNMP v3 agent
d. Authentication Passphrase - the passphrase required to access
the SNMP v3 agent (up to 64 characters)
e. Privacy Protocol - if applicable, the AES or DES algorithm used
to encrypt PDU and context data
f.
Privacy Passphrase - the passphrase used to access the privacy
protocol algorithm (up to 64 characters)
6. Click OK to start the SNMP agent service.
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To reset to factory defaults:

Click Reset To Defaults. All items on the page are set back to their
defaults.
Configure the SNMP traps on the Event Management - Settings page.
See Configuring SNMP Traps (on page 176)for information on creating
SNMP traps and List of KX II SNMP Traps (on page 178) for a list of
available KX II SNMP traps.
Tip: Click on the Link to SNMP Trap Configuration link to quickly
navigate to the Event Management - Settings page.
The events that are captured once an SNMP trap is configured are
selected on the Event Management - Destination page. See
Configuring Event Management - Destinations (on page 182).
WARNING: When using SNMP traps over UDP, it is possible for the
KX II and the router that it is attached to to fall out of synchronization
when the KX II is reboot, preventing the reboot completed SNMP trap
from being logged.
Configuring Modem Settings
To configure modem settings:
1. Click Device Settings > Modem Settings to open the Modem Settings
page.
2. Select the Enable Modem checkbox. This will enable the Serial Line
Speed and Modem Init String field.
3. The Serial Line Speed of the modem is set to 115200.
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4. Enter the initial modem string in the Modem Init String field. If the
modem string is left blank, the following string is sent to the modem
by default: ATZ OK AT OK.
This information is used to configure modem settings. Because
different modems have different ways of settings these values, this
document does not specify how to set these values, rather the user
should refer to the modem to create the appropriate modem-specific
string.
a. Modem Settings:

Enable RTS/CTS flow control

Send data to the computer on receipt of RTS

CTS should be configured to only drop if required by flow
control.

DTR should be configured for Modem resets with DTR
toggle.

DSR should be configured as always on.

DCD should be configured as enabled after a carrier signal is
detected. (that is, DCD should only be enabled when modem
connection is established with the remote side)
5. Enter the IPv4 modem server address in the Modem Server IPv4
Address field and the client modem address in the Modem Client
IPv4 Address field.
Note: The modem client and server IP addresses must be on the
same subnet and cannot overlap the device's LAN subnet.
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6. Click OK to commit your changes or click Reset to Defaults to return
the settings to their defaults.
See Certified Modems (on page 322) for information on certified
modems that work with the KX II. For information on settings that will
give you the best performance when connecting to the KX II via modem,
see Creating, Modifying and Deleting Profiles in MPC - Generation 2
Devices in the KVM and Serial Access Clients Guide.
Note: Modem access directly to the KX II HTML interface is not
supported. You must use standalone MPC to access the KX II via
modem.
Configuring Date/Time Settings
Use the Date/Time Settings page to specify the date and time for the KX
II. There are two ways to do this:

Manually set the date and time.

Synchronize the date and time with a Network Time Protocol (NTP)
server.
To set the date and time:
1. Choose Device Settings > Date/Time. The Date/Time Settings page
opens.
2. Choose your time zone from the Time Zone drop-down list.
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3. To adjust for daylight savings time, check the "Adjust for daylight
savings time" checkbox.
4. Choose the method you would like to use to set the date and time:

User Specified Time - Choose this option to input the date and
time manually. For the User Specified Time option, enter the
date and time. For the time, use the hh:mm format (using a 24hour clock).

Synchronize with NTP Server - Choose this option to synchronize
the date and time with the Network Time Protocol (NTP) Server.
5. For the Synchronize with NTP Server option:
a. Enter the IP address of the Primary Time server.
b. Enter the IP address of the Secondary Time server. Optional
Click OK.
Event Management
The KX II Event Management feature allows you enable and disable the
distribution of system events to SNMP Managers, the Syslog and the
audit log. These events are categorized, and for each event you can
determine whether you want the event sent to one or several
destinations.
Configuring Event Management - Settings
Configure SNMP traps and the syslog configuration from the Event
Management - Settings page. See Configuring SNMP Traps (on page
176).
Once configured, enable the SNMP traps on the Event Management Destinations page. See Configuring Event Management Destinations (on page 182).
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Configuring SNMP Traps
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) is a protocol governing
network management and the monitoring of network devices and their
functions. SNMP traps are sent out over a network to gather information.
The traps are configured on the Event Management - Settings page. See
List of KX II SNMP Traps (on page 178) for a list of KX II SNMP traps.
SNMP-compliant devices, called agents, store data about themselves in
Management Information Bases (MIBs) and respond to the SNMP trap.
SNMP agents are configured on the Device Services page. See
Configuring SNMP Agents (on page 170) for information on
configuring SNMP agents and Viewing the KX II MIB (on page 181) for
information on viewing the KX II MIB.
To configure SNMP (enable SNMP logging):
1. Choose Device Settings > Event Management - Settings. The Event
Management - Settings page opens.
2. Select SNMP Logging Enabled to enable to remaining SNMP fields.
Required
3. Select either or both SNMP v1/v2c Traps Enabled and SNMP Trap
v3 Enabled. At least one option must be selected. Once selected, all
related fields are enabled. Required
4. Complete the following fields for SNMP v1/v2c (if needed):
a. Destination IP/Hostname - the IP or hostname of the SNMP
manager. Up to five (5) SNMP managers can be created
Note: IPv6 addresses cannot exceed 80 characters in length for the
host name.
b. Port Number - the port number used by the SNMP manager
c.
Community - the device's community string
Note: An SNMP community is the group to which devices and
management stations running SNMP belong. It helps define where
information is sent. The community name is used to identify the
group. The SNMP device or agent may belong to more than one
SNMP community.
5. If it is not already, select the SNMP Trap v3 Enabled checkbox to
enable the following fields. Complete the following fields for SNMP
v3 (if needed):
a. Destination IP/Hostname - the IP or hostname of the SNMP
manager. Up to five (5) SNMP managers can be created
Note: IPv6 addresses cannot exceed 80 characters in length for the
host name.
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b. Port Number - the port number used by the SNMP manager
c.
Security Name - the username or service account name of the
entity communicating with the SNMP agent (up to 32 characters)
d. Authentication Protocol - the MD5 or SHA authentication
protocol used by the SNMP v3 agent
e. Authentication Passphrase - the passphrase required to access
the SNMP v3 agent (up to 64 characters)
f.
Privacy Protocol - if applicable, the AES or DES algorithm used
to encrypt PDU and context data
g. Privacy Passphrase - the passphrase used to access the privacy
protocol algorithm (up to 64 characters)
Note: If you are accessing the Event Management - Settings page
from the local console and are using a screen resolution lower than
1280x1024, the Privacy Passphrase column may not be displayed
on the page. If this occurs, hide the KX II's left panel. See Left Panel
(on page 48).
6. Click OK to create the SNMP traps.
Tip: Use the Link to SNMP Agent Configuration link to quickly navigate
to the Devices Services page from the Event Management - Settings
page.
The events that are captured once an SNMP trap is configured are
selected on the Event Management - Destination page. See
Configuring Event Management - Destinations (on page 182).
KX II supports SNMP logging for SNMP v1/v2c and/or v3. SNMP v1/v2c
defines message formats and protocol operations when SNMP logging is
enabled. SNMP v3 is a security extension of SNMP that provides user
authentication, password management and encryption.
Note: Secure SNMP v3 data is separate from secure, KX II FIPS.
To edit existing SNMP traps:
1. Choose Device Settings > Event Management - Settings. The Event
Management - Settings page opens.
2. Make changes as needed and click OK to save the changes.
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Note: If you disable SNMP settings at any time, the SNMP information is
retained so you do not have to reenter if you re-enable the settings.
To delete SNMP traps:

Clear all of the SNMP trap fields and save.
Use the reset to factory defaults feature to remove the SNMP
configuration and set the KX II to its original factory default.
To reset to factory defaults:

Click Reset To Defaults.
WARNING: When using SNMP traps over UDP, it is possible for the
KX II and the router that it is attached to to fall out of synchronization
when the KX II is reboot, preventing the reboot completed SNMP trap
from being logged.
List of KX II SNMP Traps
SNMP provides the ability to send traps, or notifications, to advise an
administrator when one or more conditions have been met. The following
table lists the KX II SNMP traps:
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Trap Name
Description
bladeChassisCommError
A communications error with blade chassis device
connected to this port was detected.
Chapter 8: Device Management
Trap Name
Description
Note: Not supported by the KX II-101 or LX.
cimConnected
The CIM is connected.
cimDisconnected
The CIM is disconnected.
cimUpdateStarted
The CIM update start is underway.
cimUpdateCompleted
The CIM update is complete.
configBackup
The device configuration has been backed up.
configRestore
The device configuration has been restored.
deviceUpdateFailed
Device update has failed.
deviceUpgradeCompleted
The KX II has completed update via an RFP file.
deviceUpgradeStarted
The KX II has begun update via an RFP file.
factoryReset
The device has been reset to factory defaults.
firmwareFileDiscarded
Firmware file was discarded.
firmwareUpdateFailed
Firmware update failed.
firmwareValidationFailed
Firmware validation failed.
groupAdded
A group has been added to the KX II system.
groupDeleted
A group has been deleted from the system.
groupModified
A group has been modified.
ipConflictDetected
An IP Address conflict was detected.
ipConflictResolved
An IP Address conflict was resolved.
networkFailure
An Ethernet interface of the product can no longer
communicate over the network.
networkParameterChanged
A change has been made to the network
parameters.
networkParameterChangedv A change has been made to the KX II-101-V2
2
network parameters.
passwordSettingsChanged
Strong password settings have changed.
portConnect
A previously authenticated user has begun a KVM
session.
portConnectv2
A previously authenticated KX II-101-V2 user has
begun a KVM session.
portConnectionDenied
A connection to the target port was denied.
portDisconnect
A user engaging in a KVM session closes the
session properly.
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Trap Name
Description
portDisconnectv2
A KX II-101-V2 user engaging in a KVM session
closes the session properly.
portStatusChange
The port has become unavailable.
powerNotification
The power outlet status notification: 1=Active,
0=Inactive.
powerOutletNotification
Power strip device outlet status notification.
rebootCompleted
The KX II has completed its reboot.
rebootStarted
The KX II has begun to reboot, either through
cycling power to the system or by a warm reboot
from the OS.
scanStarted
A target server scan has started.
scanStopped
A target server scan has stopped.
securityBannerAction
Security banner was accepted or rejected.
securityBannerChanged
A change has been made to the security banner.
securityViolation
Security violation.
setDateTime
The date and time for the device has been set.
setFIPSMode
FIPS mode has been enabled.
Note: FIPS is not supported by the LX.
180
startCCManagement
The device has been put under CommandCenter
Management.
stopCCManagement
The device has been removed from
CommandCenter Management.
userAdded
A user has been added to the system.
userAuthenticationFailure
A user attempted to log in without a correct
username and/or password.
userConnectionLost
A user with an active session has experienced an
abnormal session termination.
userDeleted
A user account has been deleted.
userForcedLogout
A user was forcibly logged out by Admin
userLogin
A user has successfully logged into the KX II and
has been authenticated.
userLogout
A user has successfully logged out of the KX II
properly.
userModified
A user account has been modified.
Chapter 8: Device Management
Trap Name
Description
userPasswordChanged
This event is triggered if the password of any user
of the device is modified.
userSessionTimeout
A user with an active session has experienced a
session termination due to timeout.
userUploadedCertificate
A user uploaded a SSL certificate.
vmImageConnected
User attempted to mount either a device or image
on the target using Virtual Media. For every
attempt on device/image mapping (mounting) this
event is generated.
vmImageDisconnected
User attempted to unmount a device or image on
the target using Virtual Media.
Viewing the KX II MIB
To view the KX II MIB:
1. Choose Device Settings > Event Management - Settings. The Event
Management - Settings page opens.
2. Click the 'Click here to view the Dominion KX2 SNMP MIB' link. The
MIB file opens in a browser window.
Note: If you have Read-Write privileges to the MIB file, use a MIB editor
to make changes to the file.
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SysLog Configuration
To configure the Syslog (enable Syslog forwarding):
1. Select Enable Syslog Forwarding to log the device's messages to a
remote Syslog server.
2. Type the IP Address/Hostname of your Syslog server in the IP
Address field.
3. Click OK.
Note: IPv6 addresses cannot exceed 80 characters in length for the host
name.
Use the reset to factory defaults feature to remove the syslog
configuration and set the KX II to its original factory default.
To reset to factory defaults:
1. Click Reset To Defaults.
Configuring Event Management - Destinations
System events, if enabled, generate SNMP notification events (traps), or
can be logged to the syslog or audit log. Use the Event Management Destinations page to select the system events to track and where to
send this information.
Note: SNMP traps are generated only if the SNMP Logging Enabled
option is selected. Syslog events are generated only if the Enable Syslog
Forwarding option is selected. Both of these options are in the Event
Management - Settings page. See Configuring Event Management Settings (on page 175).
To select events and their destinations:
1. Choose Device Settings > Event Management - Destinations. The
Event Management - Destinations page opens.
System events are categorized by Device Operation, Device
Management, Security, User Activity, and User Group Administration.
2. Select the checkboxes for those event line items you want to enable
or disable, and where you want to send the information.
Tip: Enable or disable entire Categories by checking or clearing the
Category checkboxes, respectively.
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3. Click OK.
To reset to factory defaults:

Click Reset To Defaults.
WARNING: When using SNMP traps over UDP, it is possible for the
KX II and the router that it is attached to to fall out of synchronization
when the KX II is reboot, preventing the reboot completed SNMP trap
from being logged.
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Power Supply Setup
The KX II provides dual power supplies, and can automatically detect
and provide notification regarding the status of these power supplies.
Use the Power Supply Setup page to specify whether you are using one
or both of the power supplies. Proper configuration ensures that the KX II
sends the appropriate notifications should a power supply fail. For
example, if power supply number one fails, the power LED at the front of
the unit will turn red.
To enable automatic detection for the power supplies in use:
1. Choose Device Settings > Power Supply Setup. The Power Supply
Setup page opens.
2. If you are plugging power input into power supply number one (leftmost power supply at the back of the unit), then select the Powerln1
Auto Detect option.
3. If you are plugging power input into power supply number two (rightmost power supply at the back of the unit), then select the Powerln2
Auto Detect option.
4. Click OK.
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Note: If either of these checkboxes is selected and power input is not
actually connected, the power LED at the front of the unit turns red.
To turn off the automatic detection:
 Deselect the checkbox for the appropriate power supply.
To reset to factory defaults:

Click Reset To Defaults.
Note: The KX II does NOT report power supply status to
CommandCenter. Dominion I (generation 1), however, does report
power supply status to CommandCenter.
Configuring Ports
The Port Configuration page displays a list of the KX II ports. Ports
connected to KVM target servers (blades and standard servers) and rack
PDUs (power strips) are displayed in blue and can be edited. For ports
with no CIM connected or with a blank CIM name, a default port name of
Dominion-KX2_Port# is assigned, where Port# is the number of the KX II
physical port.
When a port's status is down, Not Available is displayed as its status. A
port may be down when the port's CIM has removed or powered down.
Note: For blade chassis, the blade chassis name can be changed but its
blade slot names cannot be changed.
After you have renamed the port, use the Reset to Default function at
any time to return it to its default port name. When you reset a port name
to its default, any existing power associations are removed and, if the
port is a part of a port group, it is removed from the group.
To access a port configuration:
1. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
Page opens.
This page is initially displayed in port number order, but can be
sorted on any of the fields by clicking on the column heading.

Port Number - Numbered from 1 to the total number of ports
available for the KX II device.

Port Name - The name assigned to the port.
Alternatively, rename ports that are currently not connected to
the KX II via a CIM and, as such, have a status of Not Available.
To rename a port with a status of Not Available, do one of the
following:
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
Rename the port. When a CIM is attached the CIM name will
be used.

Rename the port, and select 'Persist name on Next CIM
Insertion'. When a CIM is attached the name that has been
assigned will be copied into the CIM.

Reset the port, including the name, to factory defaults by
selecting 'Reset to Defaults'. When a CIM is attached the
CIM name will be used.
Note: Do not use apostrophes for the Port (CIM) Name.

Port Type:

DCIM - Dominion CIM

Not Available - No CIM connected

MCUTP - Master Console MCUTP, CIM in a cable

PCIM - Paragon CIM

PowerStrip (rack PDU) - Power strip connected

Dual - VM - Virtual media CIM (D2CIM-VUSB and D2CIMDVUSB)

Blade Chassis - Blade chassis and the blades associated
with that chassis (displayed in a hierarchical order)

KVM Switch - Generic KVM Switch connection

DVM-DP - Display Port

DVM-HDMI - HDMI CIM

DVM-DVI - DVI CIM
2. Click the Port Name for the port you want to edit.

For KVM ports, the Port page for KVM and blade chassis ports is
opened.

For rack PDUs, the Port page for rack PDUs (power strips) is
opened. From this page, you can name the rack PDUs and their
outlets.
Configuring Standard Target Servers
To name the target servers:
1. Connect all of the target servers if you have not already done so.
See Step 3: Connect the Equipment (on page 31) for a description
of connecting the equipment.
2. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
page opens.
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3. Click the Port Name of the target server you want to rename. The
Port Page opens.
4. Select Standard KVM Port as the subtype for the port.
5. Assign a name to identify the server connected to that port. The
name can be up to 32 characters, and alphanumeric and special
characters are allowed.
6. In the Power Association section, associate a power strip with the
port, if needed.
7. In the Target Settings section, select 720x400 Compensation if you
are experiencing display issues when the target is using this
resolution.
8. Select 'Use international keyboard for scan code set 3' if connecting
to the target with a DCIM-PS2 and require the use of scan code set 3
with an international keyboard.
9. Click OK.
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Configuring KVM Switches
The KX II also supports use of hot key sequences to switch between
targets. In addition to using hot key sequences with standard servers,
KVM switching is supported by blade chassis and in tiered
configurations.
Important: In order for user groups to see the KVM switch that you
create, you must first create the switch and then create the group. If
an existing user group needs to see the KVM switch you are creating,
you must recreate the user group.
To configure KVM switches:
1. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
page opens.
2. Click the Port Name of the target server you want to rename. The
Port Page opens.
3. Select KVM Switch.
4. Select the KVM Switch Model.
Note: Only one switch will appear in the drop-down.
5. Select KVM Switch Hot Key Sequence.
6. Enter the Maximum Number of Target Ports (2-32).
7. In the KVM Switch Name field, enter the name you want to use to
refer to this port connection.
8. Activate the targets that the KVM switch hot key sequence will be
applied to. Indicate the KVM switch ports have targets attached by
selecting ‘Active’ for each of the ports.
9. In the KVM Managed Links section of the page, you are able to
configure the connection to a web browser interface if one is
available.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL Name - Enter the URL to the interface.
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
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e. Username Field - Enter the username parameter that will be
used in the URL. For example username=admin, where
username is the username field.
f.
Password Field - Enter the password parameter that will be used
in the URL. For example password=raritan, where password is
the password field.
10. Click OK.
To change the active status of a KVM switch port or URL:
1. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
page opens.
2. Click the Port Name of the target server you want to rename. The
Port Page opens.
3. Deselect the Active checkbox next to the KVM switch target port or
URL to change its active status.
4. Click OK.
Configuring CIM Ports
The KX II supports the use of standard and digital CIMs to connect a
server to the KX II.
To configure a CIM:
1. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
page opens.
2. Click the Port Name of the target server you want to rename. The
Port Page opens.
3. Select Standard KVM Port as the subtype for the port.
4. Assign a name to identify the server connected to that port. The
name can be up to 32 characters, and alphanumeric and special
characters are allowed.
5. In the Power Association section, associate a power strip with the
port, if needed.
6. In the Target Settings section, select 720x400 Compensation if you
are experiencing display issues when the target is using this
resolution.
7. For digital CIMs, to set you target's resolution to match your
monitor's native display resolution, select the resolution from the
Display Native Resolution drop-down. This will be
8. If you are using an HDMI CIM, some operating system/video card
combinations may offer a limited range of RGB values. Improve the
colors by selecting the DVI Compatibility Mode checkbox.
9. Click OK.
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Configuring Rack PDU (Power Strip) Targets
The KX II allows you to connect rack PDUs (power strips) to KX II ports.
KX II rack PDU configuration is done from the KX II Port Configuration
page.
Note: Raritan recommends no more than eight (8) rack PDUs (power
strips) be connected to a KX II at once since performance may be
affected.
Connecting a Rack PDU
Raritan PX series rack PDUs (power strips) are connected to the
Dominion device using the D2CIM-PWR CIM.
To connect the rack PDU:
1. Connect the male RJ-45 of the D2CIM-PWR to the female RJ-45
connector on the serial port of the rack PDU.
2. Connect the female RJ-45 connector of the D2CIM-PWR to any of
the available female system port connectors on the KX II using a
straight through Cat5 cable.
3. Attach an AC power cord to the target server and an available rack
PDU outlet.
4. Connect the rack PDU to an AC power source.
5. Power on the device.
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Naming the Rack PDU (Port Page for Power Strips)
Note: PX rack PDUs (power strips) can be named in the PX as well as in
the KX II.
Once a Raritan remote rack PDU is connected to the KX II, it will appear
on the Port Configuration page. Click on the power port name on that
page to access it. The Type and the Name fields are prepopulated.
Note: The (CIM) Type cannot be changed.
The following information is displayed for each outlet on the rack PDU:
[Outlet] Number, Name, and Port Association.
Use this page to name the rack PDU and its outlets. Names can be up to
32 alphanumeric characters and can include special characters.
Note: When a rack PDU is associated with a target server (port), the
outlet name is replaced by the target server name, even if you assigned
another name to the outlet.
To name the rack PDU and outlets:
Note: CommandCenter Secure Gateway does not recognize rack PDU
names containing spaces.
1. Enter the Name of the rack PDU (if needed).
2. Change the [Outlet] Name if desired. (Outlet names default to the
outlet #.)
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3. Click OK.
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Associating Outlets with Target Servers
The Port page opens when you click on a port on the Port Configuration
page. From this page, you can make power associations, change the
port name to something more descriptive, and update target server
settings if you are using the D2CIM-VUSB CIM. The (CIM) Type and the
(Port) Name fields are prepopulated; note that the CIM type cannot be
changed.
A server can have up to four power plugs and you can associate a
different rack PDU (power strip) with each. From this page, you can
define those associations so that you can power on, power off, and
power cycle the server from the Port Access page.
To use this feature, you will need:

Raritan remote rack PDU(s)

Power CIMs (D2CIM-PWR)
To make power associations (associate rack PDU outlets to
KVM target servers):
Note: When a rack PDU is associated to a target server (port), the outlet
name is replaced by the target server name (even if you assigned
another name to the outlet).
1. Choose the rack PDU from the Power Strip Name drop-down list.
2. For that rack PDU, choose the outlet from the Outlet Name dropdown list.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for all desired power associations.
4. Click OK. A confirmation message is displayed.
To change the port name:
1. Type something descriptive in the Name field. For example, the
name of the target server would be a likely candidate. The name can
be up to 32 alphanumeric characters and can include special
characters.
2. Click OK.
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Removing Power Associations
When disconnecting target servers and/or rack PDUs from the device, all
power associations should first be deleted. When a target has been
associated with a rack PDU and the target is removed from the device,
the power association remains. When this occurs, you are not able to
access the Port Configuration for that disconnected target server in
Device Settings so that the power association can be properly remove.
To remove a rack PDU association:
1. Select the appropriate rack PDU from the Power Strip Name dropdown list.
2. For that rack PDU, select the appropriate outlet from the Outlet
Name drop-down list.
3. From the Outlet Name drop-down list, select None.
4. Click OK. That rack PDU/outlet association is removed and a
confirmation message is displayed.
To remove a rack PDU association if the rack PDU has been
removed from the target:
1. Click Device Settings > Port Configuration and then click on the
active target.
2. Associate the active target to the disconnected power port. This will
break the disconnected target's power association.
3. Finally, associate the active target to the correct power port.
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Configuring Blade Chassis
In addition to standard servers and rack PDUs (power strips), you can
control blade chassis that are plugged into the KX II device port. Up to
eight blade chassis can be managed at a given time.
The blade chassis must be configured as a blade chassis subtype. If the
blade chassis type is supported, it is automatically detected once they
are connected. If the type is not supported, the blade must be configured
manually.
When a blade server chassis is detected, a default name is assigned to it
and it is displayed on the Port Access page along with standard target
servers and rack PDUs. See Port Access Page (Remote Console
Display) (on page 51).
The blade chassis is displayed in an expandable, hierarchical list on the
Port Access page, with the blade chassis at the root of the hierarchy and
the individual blades labeled and displayed below the root. Use the
Expand Arrow icon next to the root chassis to display the individual
blades.
Note: To view the blade chassis in a hierarchal order, blade-chassis
subtypes must be configured for the blade server chassis.
With the exception of HP and Cisco® UCS blade chassis, the generic,
IBM® and Dell® blade chassis are configured on the Port page. The port
connected to the blade chassis must be configured with the blade
chassis model. The specific information you are able to configure for a
blade server will depend on the brand of blade server you are working
with. For specific information on each of these supported blade chassis,
see their corresponding topics in this section of the help.
The following blade chassis are supported:

IBM BladeCenter® Models E and H

Dell PowerEdge® 1855, 1955 and M1000e
A Generic option allows you to configure a blade chassis that is not
included in the above list. HP BladeSystem c3000 and c7000, and Cisco
UCS blade servers are supported via individual connections from the
Dominion device to each blade. The ports are 'grouped' together into a
chassis representation using the Port Group Management feature.
Note: Dell PowerEdge 1855/1955 blades also provide the ability to
connect from each individual blade to a port on the Dominion device.
When connected in that manner, they can also be grouped to create
blade server groups.
Two modes of operation are provided for blade chassis: manual
configuration and auto-discovery, depending on the blade chassis
capabilities. If a blade chassis is configured for auto-discovery, the
Dominion device tracks and updates the following:
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
When a new blade server is added to the chassis.

When an existing blade server is removed from the chassis.
Note: In the case of IBM Blade Center Models E and H, the KX II only
supports auto-discovery for AMM[1] as the acting primary management
module.
The use of hot key sequences to switch KVM access to a blade chassis
is also supported. For blade chassis that allow users to select a hot key
sequence, those options will be provided on the Port Configuration page.
For blade chassis that come with predefined hot key sequences, those
sequences will be prepopulated on the Port Configuration page once the
blade chassis is selected. For example, the default hot key sequence to
switch KVM access to an IBM BladeCenter H is NumLock + NumLock +
SlotNumber, so this hot key sequence is applied by default when IBM
BladeCenter H is selected during the configuration. See your blade
chassis documentation for hot key sequence information.
You are able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. At the chassis level, up to four links can be
defined. The first link is reserved for connection to the blade chassis
administrative module GUI. For example, this link may be used by
technical support to quickly verify a chassis configuration.
Blade chassis can be managed from the Virtual KVM Client (VKC), the
Active KVM Client (AKC), Raritan's Multi-Platform Client (MPC), and CCSG. Managing blade severs via VKC, AKC and MPC is the same as
managing standard target servers. See Working with Target Servers
(on page 44) and the CC-SG Administrators Guide for more
information. Any changes made to the blade chassis configuration in will
be propagated to these client applications.
Important: When the CIM connecting the blade chassis to the
Dominion device is powered down or disconnected from the
Dominion device, all established connections to the blade chassis
will be dropped. When the CIM is reconnected or powered up you
will need to re-establish the connection(s).
Important: If you move a blade chassis from one Dominion device
port to another Dominion device port, interfaces that were added to
the blade chassis node in CC-SG will be lost in CC-SG. All other
information will be retained.
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Generic Blade Chassis Configuration
The Generic Blade Chassis' selection provides only a manual
configuration mode of operation. See Supported Blade Chassis
Models (on page 210), Supported CIMs for Blade Chassis (on page
211), and Required and Recommended Blade Chassis
Configurations (on page 214) for important, additional information when
configuring the blade chassis. See Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and
Video Resolutions (on page 319) for information on cable lengths and
video resolutions when using Dell® chassis with the KX II.
To configure a chassis:
1. Connect the blade chassis to the KX II. See Step 3: Connect the
Equipment (on page 31) for details.
2. Select Device Settings > Port Configuration to open the Port
Configuration page.
3. On the Port Configuration page, click on the name of the blade
chassis you want to configure. The Port page will open.
4. Select the Blade Chassis radio button. The page will then display the
necessary fields to configure a blade chassis.
5. Select Generic from the Blade Server Chassis Model drop-down.
6. Configure the blade chassis as applicable.
a. Switch Hot Key Sequence - Define the hot key sequence that will
be used to switch from KVM to the blade chassis. The Switch
Hot Key Sequence must match the sequence used by the KVM
module in the blade chassis.
b. Administrative Module Primary IP Address/Host Name - Not
applicable.
c.
Maximum Number of Slots - Enter the default maximum number
of slots available on the blade chassis.
d. Port Number - The default port number for the blade chassis is
22. Not applicable.
e. Username - Not applicable.
f.
Password - Not applicable.
7. Change the blade chassis name if needed.
8. Indicate the blades that are installed in the blade chassis by
checking the Installed checkbox next to each slot that has a blade
installed. Alternatively, use the Select All checkbox. If needed,
change the blade server names.
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9. In the Blade Chassis Managed Links section of the page, you are
able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. Click the Blade Chassis Managed Links
icon
page.
to expand the section on the
The first URL link is intended for use to connect to the blade chassis
Administration Module GUI.
Note: Access to the URL links entered in this section of the page is
governed by the blade chassis port permissions.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL - Enter the URL to the interface. Required
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
Optional
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
Optional
Note: Leave the username and password fields blank for DRAC, ILO,
and RSA web applications or the connection will fail.
e. The Username Field and Password Field, which are both
optional, contain the labels that are expected to be associated
with the username and password entries. It is in these fields you
should enter the field names for the username and password
fields used on the login screen for the web application. You can
view the HTML source of the login screen to find the field names,
not the field labels. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for tips on adding a web browser
interface. Optional
10. USB profile information does not apply to a generic configuration.
11. In the Target Settings section, select 720x400 Compensation if you
are experiencing display issues when the target is using this
resolution.
12. Select 'Use international keyboard for scan code set 3' if connecting
to the target with a DCIM-PS2 and require the use of scan code set 3
with an international keyboard.
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13. Select the CIMs native, display resolution from the Display Native
Resolution drop-down. This is the preferred resolution and timing
mode of the digital CIM. Once a resolution is selected, it is applied to
the CIM. If no selection is made, the default 1280x1024 resolution is
used.
14. Click OK to save the configuration.
Dell Blade Chassis Configuration
See Supported Blade Chassis Models (on page 210), Supported
CIMs for Blade Chassis (on page 211), and Required and
Recommended Blade Chassis Configurations (on page 214) for
important, additional information when configuring the blade chassis.
See Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video Resolutions (on page
319) for information on cable lengths and video resolutions when using
Dell® chassis with the KX II.
To add a blade chassis:
1. Connect the blade chassis to the KX II. See Step 3: Connect the
Equipment (on page 31) for details.
2. Select Device Settings > Port Configuration to open the Port
Configuration page.
3. On the Port Configuration page, click on the name of the blade
chassis you want to configure. The Port page will open.
4. Select the Blade Chassis radio button. The page will then display the
necessary fields to configure a blade chassis.
5. Select the Dell blade chassis model from the Blade Server Chassis
Model drop-down.
To configure a Dell PowerEdge M1000e:
1. If you selected Dell PowerEdge™ M1000e, auto-discovery is
available. Configure the blade chassis as applicable. Prior to
configuring a blade chassis that can be auto-discovered, it must be
configured to enable SSH connections on the designated port
number (see Device Services (on page 162)). Additionally, a user
account with the corresponding authentication credentials must be
previously created on the blade chassis.
a. Switch Hot Key Sequence - Select the hot key sequence that will
be used to switch from KVM to the blade server. The Switch Hot
Key Sequence must match the sequence used by the KVM
module in the blade chassis.
b. Maximum Number of Slots - The default maximum number of
slots available on the blade chassis is automatically entered.
c.
Administrative Module Primary IP Address/Host Name - Enter
the primary IP address for the blade chassis. Required for autodiscovery mode
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d. Port Number - The default port number for the blade chassis is
22. Change the port number if applicable. Required for autodiscovery mode
e. Username - Enter the username used to access the blade
chassis. Required for auto-discovery mode
f.
Password - Enter the password used to access the blade
chassis. Required for auto-discovery mode
2. If you want the KX II to auto-discover the chassis blades, select the
Blade Auto-Discovery checkbox and then click Discover Blades on
Chassis Now. Once the blades are discovered, they will be displayed
on the page.
3. Change the blade chassis name if needed. If the chassis is already
named, that information automatically populates this field. If it is not
already named, the KX II assigns the chassis a name. The default
naming convention for the blade chassis by the KX II is
Blade_Chassis_Port#.
4. If operating in Manual mode, indicate the blades that are installed in
the blade chassis by checking the Installed checkbox next to each
slot that has a blade installed. Alternatively, use the Select All
checkbox. If needed, change the blade server names
If operating in Auto-discovery mode, the Installed box will display the
slots containing blades during discovery.
5. In the Blade Chassis Managed Links section of the page, you are
able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. Click the Blade Chassis Managed Links
icon
page.
to expand the section on the
The first URL link is intended for use to connect to the blade chassis
Administration Module GUI.
Note: Access to the URL links entered in this section of the page is
governed by the blade chassis port permissions.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL - Enter the URL to the interface. See Blade Chassis
Sample URL Formats (on page 215) for sample configurations
for the Dell M1000e.
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
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Note: Leave the username and password fields blank for DRAC, ILO,
and RSA web applications or the connection will fail.
e. The Username Field and Password Field, which are both
optional, contain the labels that are expected to be associated
with the username and password entries. It is in these fields you
should enter the field names for the username and password
fields used on the login screen for the web application. You can
view the HTML source of the login screen to find the field names,
not the field labels. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for tips on adding a web browser
interface.
6. USB profiles do not apply to Dell chassis.
7. In the Target Settings section, select 720x400 Compensation if you
are experiencing display issues when the target is using this
resolution.
8. Select 'Use international keyboard for scan code set 3' if connecting
to the target with a DCIM-PS2 and require the use of scan code set 3
with an international keyboard.
9. Select the CIMs native, display resolution from the Display Native
Resolution drop-down. This is the preferred resolution and timing
mode of the digital CIM. Once a resolution is selected, it is applied to
the CIM. If no selection is made, the default 1280x1024 resolution is
used.
10. Click OK to save the configuration.
To configure a Dell PowerEdge 1855/1955:
1. If you selected Dell 1855/1955, auto-discovery is not available.
Configure the blade chassis as applicable.
a. Switch Hot Key Sequence - Select the hot key sequence that will
be used to switch from KVM to the blade server. For Dell
1855/1955 models, KX II blocks all existing hot key sequences. If
you apply a Generic configuration to the Dell 1855, only one
existing hot key is blocked.
b. Maximum Number of Slots - The default maximum number of
slots available on the blade chassis is automatically entered.
c.
Administrative Module Primary IP Address/Host Name - Not
applicable.
d. Port Number - The default port number for the blade chassis is
22. Not applicable.
e. Username - Not applicable.
f.
Password - Not applicable.
2. Change the blade chassis name if needed.
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3. Indicate the blades that are installed in the blade chassis by
checking the Installed checkbox next to each slot that has a blade
installed. Alternatively, use the Select All checkbox. If needed,
change the blade server names.
4. In the Blade Chassis Managed Links section of the page, you are
able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. Click the Blade Chassis Managed Links
icon
page.
to expand the section on the
The first URL link is intended for use to connect to the blade chassis
Administration Module GUI.
Note: Access to the URL links entered in this section of the page is
governed by the blade chassis port permissions.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL - Enter the URL to the interface. See Blade Chassis Sample
URL Formats for sample configurations for the Dell PowerEdge
1855/1955.
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
Note: Leave the username and password fields blank for DRAC, ILO,
and RSA web applications or the connection will fail.
e. The Username Field and Password Field, which are both
optional, contain the labels that are expected to be associated
with the username and password entries. It is in these fields you
should enter the field names for the username and password
fields used on the login screen for the web application. You can
view the HTML source of the login screen to find the field names,
not the field labels. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for tips on adding a web browser
interface.
5. USB profiles do not apply to Dell chassis.
6. Click OK to save the configuration.
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IBM Blade Chassis Configuration
See Supported Blade Chassis Models (on page 210), Supported
CIMs for Blade Chassis (on page 211), and Required and
Recommended Blade Chassis Configurations (on page 214) for
important, additional information when configuring the blade chassis.
See Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video Resolutions (on page
319) for information on cable lengths and video resolutions when using
Dell® chassis with the KX II.
To add a blade chassis:
1. Connect the blade chassis to the KX II. See Step 3: Connect the
Equipment (on page 31) for details.
2. Select Device Settings > Port Configuration to open the Port
Configuration page.
3. On the Port Configuration page, click on the name of the blade
chassis you want to configure. The Port page will open.
4. Select the Blade Chassis radio button. The page will then display the
necessary fields to configure a blade chassis.
5. Select the IBM® blade chassis model from the Blade Server Chassis
Model drop-down.
To configure a IBM BladeCenter H and E:
1. If you selected IBM BladeCenter® H or E, auto-discovery is available.
Configure the blade chassis as applicable. Prior to configuring a
blade chassis that can be auto-discovered, it must be configured to
enable SSH connections on the designated port number (see Device
Services (on page 162)). Additionally, a user account with the
corresponding authentication credentials must be previously created
on the blade chassis. The KX II only supports auto-discovery for
AMM[1].
a. Switch Hot Key Sequence - Predefined.
b. Maximum Number of Slots - The default maximum number of
slots available on the blade chassis is automatically entered.
c.
Administrative Module Primary IP Address/Host Name - Enter
the primary IP address for the blade chassis. Required for autodiscovery mode
d. Port Number - The default port number for the blade chassis is
22. Change the port number if applicable. Required for autodiscovery mode
e. Username - Enter the username used to access the blade
chassis. Required for auto-discovery mode
f.
Password - Enter the password used to access the blade
chassis. Required for auto-discovery mode
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2. If you want the KX II to auto-discover the chassis blades, select the
Blade Auto-Discovery checkbox and then click Discover Blades on
Chassis Now. Once the blades are discovered, they will be displayed
on the page.
3. Change the blade chassis name if needed. If the chassis is already
named, that information automatically populates this field. If it is not
already named, the KX II assigns the chassis a name. The default
naming convention for the blade chassis by the KX II is
Blade_Chassis_Port#.
4. If operating in Manual mode, indicate the blades that are installed in
the blade chassis by checking the Installed checkbox next to each
slot that has a blade installed. Alternatively, use the Select All
checkbox. If needed, change the blade server names
If operating in Auto-discovery mode, the Installed box will display the
slots containing blades during discovery.
5. In the Blade Chassis Managed Links section of the page, you are
able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. Click the Blade Chassis Managed Links
icon
page.
to expand the section on the
The first URL link is intended for use to connect to the blade chassis
Administration Module GUI.
Note: Access to the URL links entered in this section of the page is
governed by the blade chassis port permissions.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL - Enter the URL to the interface. See Blade Chassis
Sample URL Formats (on page 215) for sample configurations
for the IBM BladeCenter.
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
Note: Leave the username and password fields blank for DRAC, ILO,
and RSA web applications or the connection will fail.
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e. The Username Field and Password Field, which are both
optional, contain the labels that are expected to be associated
with the username and password entries. It is in these fields you
should enter the field names for the username and password
fields used on the login screen for the web application. You can
view the HTML source of the login screen to find the field names,
not the field labels. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for tips on adding a web browser
interface.
6. If applicable, define the USB profile for the blade chassis or select an
existing USB profile. Click the USB Profiles Select USB Profiles for
Port icon
or the Apply Select Profiles
to Other Ports icon
to
expand these sections of the page. See Configuring USB Profiles
(Port Page) (on page 217).
7. Click OK to save the configuration.
To configure a IBM BladeCenter (Other):
1. If you selected IBM BladeCenter (Other), auto-discovery is not
available. Configure the blade chassis as applicable.
a. Switch Hot Key Sequence - Select the hot key sequence that will
be used to switch from KVM to the blade server.
b. Administrative Module Primary IP Address/Host Name - Enter
the primary IP address for the blade chassis. Not applicable.
c.
Maximum Number of Slots - Enter the default maximum number
of slots available on the blade chassis.
d. Port Number - The default port number for the blade chassis is
22. Not applicable.
e. Username - Not applicable.
f.
Password - Not applicable.
2. Change the blade chassis name if needed.
3. Indicate the blades that are installed in the blade chassis by
checking the Installed checkbox next to each slot that has a blade
installed. Alternatively, use the Select All checkbox. If needed,
change the blade server names. If it is not already named, the KX II
assigns a name to the blade server. The default blade server naming
convention is Blade_Chassis_Port#_Slot#.
4. In the Blade Chassis Managed Links section of the page, you are
able to configure the connection to a blade chassis web browser
interface if one is available. Click the Blade Chassis Managed Links
icon
page.
to expand the section on the
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Chapter 8: Device Management
The first URL link is intended for use to connect to the blade chassis
Administration Module GUI.
Note: Access to the URL links entered in this section of the page is
governed by the blade chassis port permissions.
a. Active - To activate the link once it is configured, select the
Active checkbox. Leave the checkbox deselected to keep the
link inactive. Entering information into the link fields and saving
can still be done even if Active is not selected. Once Active is
selected, the URL field is required. The username, password,
username field and password field are optional depending on
whether single sign-on is desired or not.
b. URL - Enter the URL to the interface. See Blade Chassis
Sample URL Formats (on page 215) for sample configurations
for the IBM BladeCenter.
c.
Username - Enter the username used to access the interface.
d. Password - Enter the password used to access the interface.
Note: Leave the username and password fields blank for DRAC, ILO,
and RSA web applications or the connection will fail.
e. The Username Field and Password Field, which are both
optional, contain the labels that are expected to be associated
with the username and password entries. It is in these fields you
should enter the field names for the username and password
fields used on the login screen for the web application. You can
view the HTML source of the login screen to find the field names,
not the field labels. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for tips on adding a web browser
interface.
5. USB profiles are not used by IBM (Other) configurations.
6. In the Target Settings section, select 720x400 Compensation if you
are experiencing display issues when the target is using this
resolution.
7. Select 'Use international keyboard for scan code set 3' if connecting
to the target with a DCIM-PS2 and require the use of scan code set 3
with an international keyboard.
8. Select the CIMs native, display resolution from the Display Native
Resolution drop-down. This is the preferred resolution and timing
mode of the digital CIM. Once a resolution is selected, it is applied to
the CIM. If no selection is made, the default 1280x1024 resolution is
used.
9. Click OK to save the configuration.
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Tips for Adding a Web Browser Interface
You can add a Web Browser Interface to create a connection to a device
with an embedded web server. A Web Browser interface can also be
used to connect to any web application, such as the web application
associated with an RSA, DRAC or ILO Processor card.
You must have DNS configured or URLs will not resolve. You do not
need to have DNS configured for IP addresses.
To add a web browser interface:
1. The default name for a Web Browser Interface is provided. If
needed, change the name in the Name field.
2. Enter the URL or domain name for the web application in the URL
field. You must enter the URL at which the web application expects
to read the username and password.
Follow these examples for correct formats:

http(s)://192.168.1.1/login.asp

http(s)://www.example.com/cgi/login

http(s)://example.com/home.html
3. Enter the username and password that will allow access to this
interface. Optional
4. If username and password were entered, in the Username Field and
Password Field, type the field names for the username and
password fields that are used in the login screen for the web
application. You must view the HTML source of the login screen to
find the field names, not the field labels.
Tip for locating field names:

In the HTML source code for the login page of the web application,
search for the field's label, such as Username and Password.

When you find the field label, look in the adjacent code for a tag that
looks like this: name="user". The word in quotes is the field name.
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HP and Cisco USC Blade Chassis Configuration (Port Group Management)
The KX II supports the aggregation of ports connected to certain types of
blades into a group representing the blade chassis. Specifically, Cisco®
USC, HP® BladeServer blades and Dell® PowerEdge™ 1855/1955 blades
when the Dell PowerEdge 1855/1955 is connected from each individual
blade to a port on the KX II.
The chassis is identified by a Port Group Name and the group is
designated as a Blade Server Group on the Port Group Management
page. Port Groups consist solely of ports configured as standard KVM
ports, not ports configured as blade chassis. A port may only be a
member of a single group.
Ports connected to integrated KVM modules in a blade chassis are
configured as blade chassis subtypes. These ports are eligible to be
included in port groups.
When KX II ports are connected to integrated KVM modules in a blade
chassis and not to individual blades, the ports are configured as blade
chassis subtypes. These ports are not eligible to be included in port
groups and will not appear in the Select Port for Group, Available list.
If a standard KVM port has been included in a port group, and then is
subsequently repurposed for use as a blade chassis subtype, it must first
be removed from the port group.
Port Groups are restored using the Backup and Restore option (see
Backup and Restore (on page 254)).
To add a port group:
1. Click Device Settings > Port Group Management to open the Port
Group Management page.
2. Click Add to open the Port Group page.
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Chapter 8: Device Management
3. Enter a Port Group Name. The port group name is not case sensitive
and can contain up to 32 characters.
4. Select the Blade Server Group checkbox.
If you want to designate that these ports are attached to blades
housed in a blade chassis (for example, HP c3000 or Dell
PowerEdge 1855), select the Blade Server Group checkbox.
Note: This is especially important to CC-SG users who want HP
blades to be organized on a chassis basis, although each blade has
its own connection to a port on the KX II.
5. Click on a port in the Available box in the Select Ports for Group
section. Click Add to add the port to the group. The port will be
moved to the Selected box.
6. Click OK to add the port group.
To edit port group information:
1. On the Port Group Management page, click on the link of the port
group you want to edit. The Port Group page opens.
2. Edit the information as needed.
3. Click OK to save the changes.
To delete a port group:
1. Click on the Port Group Management page, select the checkbox of
the port group you want to delete.
2. Click Delete.
3. Click OK on the warning message.
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Supported Blade Chassis Models
This table contains the blade chassis models that are supported by the
KX II and the corresponding profiles that should be selected per chassis
model when configuring them in the KX II application. A list of these
models can be selected on the Port Configuration page from the Blade
Server Chassis Model drop-down, which appears when the Blade
Chassis radio button is selected. For details on how to configure each
blade chassis model, see their corresponding topics in this section of the
help.
Blade chassis model
®
210
KX II Profile
Cisco USC
Configure using Port Group
Management functions. See HP and
Cisco USC Blade Chassis
Configuration (Port Group
Management) (on page 208)
Dell® PowerEdge™
1855/1955
Dell PowerEdge 1855/1955
Dell PowerEdge M1000e
Dell PowerEdge M1000e
IBM® BladeCenter® S
IBM (Other)
IBM BladeCenter H
IBM BladeCenter H
IBM BladeCenter T
IBM (Other)
IBM BladeCenter HT
IBM (Other)
IBM BladeCenter E
IBM BladeCenter E
HP®
Configure using Port Group
Management functions. See HP and
Cisco USC Blade Chassis
Configuration (Port Group
Management) (on page 208)
Chapter 8: Device Management
Supported CIMs for Blade Chassis
The following CIMs are supported for blade chassis being managed
through the KX II:

DCIM-PS2

DCIM-USBG2

D2CIM-VUSB

D2CIM-DVUSB
Following is a table containing supported CIMs for each blade chassis
model that the KX II supports.
Blade chassis
Connection method
Generic
If a D2CIM-VUSB or D2CIM-DVUSB is used
when connecting to a blade-chassis configured 
as Generic, you will be able to select the USB
profiles from the Port Configuration page and
the client's USB Profile menu. However, virtual
media is not supported for generic blade
chassis and the Virtual Media menu is disabled
on the client.
Cisco® UCS Server
Chassis
The Cisco KVM cable (N20-BKVM) enables
you to perform server blade administration,
configuration, and diagnostic procedures by
connecting video and USB devices directly to
the server blade.
Recommended CIM(s)
 DCIM-PS2
DCIM-USBG2

DCIM-USBG2

D2CIM-VUSB

D2CIM-DVUSB

DCIM-PS2

DCIM-PS2
Source: Cisco UCS 5108 Server Chassis
Installation Guide
Dell® PowerEdge™
1855
Includes one of the three KVM modules :

Analog KVM Ethernet switch module
(standard)

Digital Access KVM switch module
(optional)

KVM switch module (standard on systems
sold prior to April, 2005)
These switches provide a custom connector
that allows two PS/2 and one video device to
be connected to the system.
Source: Dell PowerEdge 1855 User Guide
Dell PowerEdge
1955
One of two types of KVM modules may be
installed:

Analog KVM switch module

Digital Access KVM switch module
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Blade chassis
Connection method
Recommended CIM(s)
Both modules enable you to connect a PS/2compatible keyboard, mouse and video
monitor to the system (using a custom cable
provided with the system).
Source: Dell PowerEdge 1955 Owner's Manual
Dell PowerEdge
M1000e

DCIM-USBG2
The HP c-Class Blade SUV Cable enables you 
to perform blade chassis administration,

configuration, and diagnostic procedures by

connecting video and USB devices directly to
the server blade.
DCIM-USBG2
The KVM Switch Module (iKVM) is Integrated
with this chassis.
The iKVM is compatible with the following
peripherals:

USB keyboards, USB pointing devices

VGA monitors with DDC support.
Source: Dell Chassis Management Controller,
Firmware Version 1.0, User Guide
HP® BladeSystem
c3000
Source: HP Proliant™ BL480c Server Blade
Maintenance and Service Guide
HP BladeSystem
c7000
The HP c-Class Blade SUV Cable enables you 
to perform server blade administration,

configuration, and diagnostic procedures by

connecting video and USB devices directly to
the server blade.
Source: HP ProLiant BL480c Server Blade
Maintenance and Service Guide
IBM® BladeCenter®
S
The Advanced Management Module (AMM)
provides system management functions and
keyboard/video/mouse (KVM) multiplexing for
all blade chassis.
D2CIM-VUSB
D2CIM-DVUSB (for
standard KVM port
operation without a
KVM option)
DCIM-USBG2
D2CIM-VUSB
D2CIM-DVUSB (for
standard KVM port
operation)

DCIM-USBG2

DCIM-USBG2

D2CIM-DVUSB
The AMM connections include: a serial port,
video connection, remote management port
(Ethernet), and two USB v2.0 ports for a
keyboard and mouse.
Source: Implementing the IBM BladeCenter S
Chassis
IBM BladeCenter H
The BladeCenter H chassis ships standard
with one Advanced Management Module.
Source: IBM BladeCenter Products and
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Blade chassis
Connection method
Technology
Recommended CIM(s)
IBM BladeCenter E
The current model BladeCenter E chassis
(8677-3Rx) ships standard with one Advanced
Management Module.

DCIM-USBG2

D2CIM-DVUSB
Source: IBM BladeCenter Products and
Technology
IBM BladeCenter T
The BladeCenter T chassis ships standard with 
one Advanced Management Module.
DCIM-PS2
In contrast to the standard BladeCenter
chassis, the KVM module and the
Management Module in the BladeCenter T
chassis are separate components. The front of
the Management Module only features the
LEDs for displaying status. All Ethernet and
KVM connections are fed through to the rear to
the LAN and KVM modules.
The KVM module is a hot swap module at the
rear of the chassis providing two PS/2
connectors for keyboard and mouse, a
systems-status panel, and a HD-15 video
connector.
Source: IBM BladeCenter Products and
Technology
IBM BladeCenter HT The BladeCenter HT chassis ships standard
with one Advanced Management Module. This
module provides the ability to manage the
chassis as well as providing the local KVM
function.

DCIM-USBG2
Source: IBM BladeCenter Products and
Technology
Note: In order to support Auto-discovery, IBM BladeCenter Models H and
E must use AMM with firmware version BPET36K or later.
Note: In the case of IBM Blade Center Models E and H, the KX II only
supports auto-discovery for AMM[1] as the acting primary management
module.
Note: Audio is disabled for all KVM switch targets.
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Required and Recommended Blade Chassis Configurations
This table contains information on limitations and constraints that apply
to configuring blade chassis to work with the KX II. Raritan recommends
that all of the information below is followed.
Blade chassis
®
Dell
PowerEdge™
M1000e
Dell PowerEdge
1855/1955
214
Required/recommended action
 Disable the iKVM GUI screensaver. An authorize dialog will
appear, preventing iKVM from working correctly, if this is not
done.

Exit the iKVM GUI menu before attaching Dell's chassis to a
Raritan CIM. iKVM may not work correctly if this is not done.

Configure the iKVM GUI Main menu to select target blades by
Slot, not by Name. iKVM may not work correctly if this is not
done.

Do not designate any slots for scan operations in the iKVM GUI
Setup Scan menu. iKVM may not work correctly otherwise.

Do not designate any slots for broadcast keyboard/mouse
operations in the iKVM GUI Setup Broadcast menu. iKVM may
not work correctly otherwise.

Designate a single key sequence to invoke the iKVM GUI. This
key sequence must also be identified during KX II port
configuration. Otherwise, indiscriminate iKVM operation may
occur as a result of client key entry.

Ensure that Front Panel USB/Video Enabled is not selected
during iKVM configuration via the Dell CMC GUI. Otherwise,
connections made at the front of chassis will take precedence
over the KX II connection at the rear, preventing proper iKVM
operation. A message will be displayed stating 'User has been
disabled as front panel is currently active.'

Ensure that 'Allow access to CMC CLI from iKVM' is not
selected during iKVM configuration via the Dell CMC GUI.

To avoid having the iKVM GUI display upon connecting to the
blade chassis, set the Screen Delay Time to 8 seconds.

Recommend that 'Timed' and 'Displayed' be selected during
iKVM GUI Flag Setup. This will allow you to visually confirm the
connection to the desired blade slot.

Disable the iKVM GUI screensaver. An Authorize dialog will
appear if this is not done and will prevent the iKVM from
operating correctly.

Exit the iKVM GUI menu before attaching Dell's chassis to a
Raritan CIM. iKVM may not work correctly if this is not done.

Configure the iKVM GUI Main menu to select target blades by
Slot, not by Name. iKVM may not work correctly if this is not
Chapter 8: Device Management
Blade chassis
Required/recommended action
done.

Do not designate any slots for scan operations in the iKVM GUI
Setup Scan menu or the iKVM may not work properly.

To avoid having the iKVM GUI display upon connecting to the
blade chassis, set the Screen Delay Time to 8 seconds.

Recommend that 'Timed' and 'Displayed' be selected during
iKVM GUI Flag Setup. This will allow you to visually confirm
the connection to the desired blade slot.

It is recommended that Auto-Discovery be enabled when
applying blade level access permissions. Otherwise, set access
permissions on a blade-chassis wide basis.

Secure Shell (SSH) must be enabled on the blade chassis
management module.

The SSH port configured on the blade chassis management
module and the port number entered on the Port Configuration
page must match.
IBM KX2 Virtual
Media

Raritan KX II virtual media is supported only on IBM
BladeCenter® Models H and E. This requires the use of the
D2CIM-DVUSB. The black D2CIM-DVUSB Low-Speed USB
connector is attached to the Administrative Management
Module (AMM) at the rear of the unit. The gray D2CIM-DVUSB
High-Speed USB connector is attached to the Media Tray (MT)
at the front of the unit. This will require a USB extension cable.
Cisco® UCS
Server Chassis

The Cisco KVM cable (N20-BKVM) enables you to perform
server blade administration, configuration, and diagnostic
procedures by connecting video and USB devices directly to
the server blade.

Source: Cisco UCS 5108 Server Chassis Installation GuideDCIM-USBG2- D2CIM-VUSB- D2CIM-DVUSB
IBM®/Dell® AutoDiscovery
Note: All IBM BladeCenters that use AMM must use AMM firmware
version BPET36K or later to work with the KX II.
Note: In the case of IBM Blade Center Models E and H, the KX II only
supports auto-discovery for AMM[1] as the acting primary management
module.
Blade Chassis Sample URL Formats
This table contains sample URL formats for blade chassis being
configured in the KX II.
Blade chassis
®
Dell M1000e
Sample URL format
 URL: https://192.168.60.44/cgi-bin/webcgi/login
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Blade chassis
Dell 1855
IBM®
BladeCenter® E
or H
216
Sample URL format
 Username: root

Username Field: user

Password: calvin

Password Field: password

URL: https://192.168.60.33/Forms/f_login

Username: root

Username Field: TEXT_USER_NAME

Password: calvin

Password Field: TEXT_PASSWORD

http://192.168.84.217/private/welcome.ssi
Chapter 8: Device Management
Configuring USB Profiles (Port Page)
You choose the available USB profiles for a port in the Select USB
Profiles for Port section of the Port page. The USB profiles chosen in the
Port page become the profiles available to the user in VKC when
connecting to a KVM target server from the port. The default is the
Windows 2000® operating system, Windows XP® operating system,
Windows Vista® operating system profile. For information about USB
profiles, see USB Profiles (on page 122).
Note: To set USB profiles for a port, you must have a digital CIM, VMCIM or Dual VM-CIM connected with firmware compatible with the
current firmware version of the KX II. See Upgrading CIMs (on page
258).
The profiles available to assign to a port appear in the Available list on
the left. The profiles selected for use with a port appear in the Selected
list on the right. When you select a profile in either list, a description of
the profile and its use appears in the Profile Description field.
In addition to selecting a set of profiles to make available for a KVM port,
you can also specify the preferred profile for the port and apply the
settings set for one port other KVM ports.
Note: See Mouse Modes when Using the Mac OS-X USB Profile with
a DCIM-VUSB (on page 130) for information on using the Mac OS-X®
USB profile if you are using a DCIM-VUSB or DCIM-DVUSB.
To open the Port page:
1. Choose Device Settings > Port Configuration. The Port Configuration
page opens.
2. Click the Port Name for the KVM port you want to edit. The Port
page opens.
To select the USB profiles for a KVM port:
1. In the Select USB Profiles for Port section, select one or more USB
profiles from the Available list.

Shift-Click and drag to select several continuous profiles.
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Chapter 8: Device Management

Ctrl-Click to select several discontinuous profiles.
2. Click Add. The selected profiles appear in the Selected list. These
are the profiles that can be used for the KVM target server
connected to the port.
To specify a preferred USB profile:
1. After selecting the available profiles for a port, choose one from the
Preferred Profile for Port menu. The default is Generic. The selected
profile will be used when connecting to the KVM target server. You
can change to any other USB profile as necessary.
To remove selected USB profiles:
1. In the Select USB Profiles for Port section, select one or more
profiles from the Selected list.
218

Shift-Click and drag to select several continuous profiles.

Ctrl-Click to select several discontinuous profiles.
Chapter 8: Device Management
2. Click Remove. The selected profiles appear in the Available list.
These profiles are no longer available for a KVM target server
connected to this port.
To apply a profile selection to multiple ports:
1. In the Apply Selected Profiles to Other Ports section, select the
Apply checkbox for each KVM port you want to apply the current set
of selected USB profiles to.

To select all KVM ports, click Select All.

To deselect all KVM ports, click Deselect All.
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings
From the Local Port Settings page, you can customize many settings for
the KX II Local Console including keyboard, hot keys, video switching
delay, power save mode, local user interface resolution settings, and
local user authentication. Further, you can change a USB profile from the
local port.
For the KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864, you are also able to configure
the extended local port from the Local Port Settings page. The extended
local port may be connected to a Paragon switch or User Station to
extend the reach of the Local port. Like the standard local port, you are
able to configure keyboard, hot keys, video switching delay, power save
mode, local user interface resolution settings, and local user
authentication settings. The extended local port can be configured from
both the Remote Console and the Local Console. See KX2-808, KX2832 and KX2-864 Standard and Extended Local Port Settings (on
page 224) for more information on the standard local port and extended
local port.
Note: If the extended local port is enabled on the KX2-808, KX2-832 and
KX2-864 and nothing is connected to the port, you will experience a
delay of 2-3 seconds when switching to a target via the local port.
To configure the local port settings:
Note: Some changes you make to the settings on the Local Port Settings
page will restart the browser you are working in. If a browser restart will
occur when a setting is changed, it is noted in the steps provided here.
1. Choose Device Settings > Local Port Settings. The Local Port
Settings page opens.
2. Select the checkbox next to the Enable Standard Local Port to
enable it. Deselect the checkbox to disable it. By default, the
standard local port is enabled but can be disabled as needed. The
browser will be restarted when this change is made. If you are using
the tiering feature, this feature will be turned off since both features
cannot be used at the same time.
3. If you are using a KX2-808, KX2-832 or KX2-864 device, select the
checkbox next to the Extended Local Port to enable it. Deselect the
checkbox(s) to disable it. If you are using the smart card feature, the
extended local port be must be disabled. The browser will be
restarted when this change is made.
If both the standard local port and extended local port are disabled,
the local ports cannot be accessed. If you attempt to access a KX2808, KX2-832 or KX2-864 through a disabled local port, a message
will be displayed indicating that the device is under remote
management and that the login is disabled.
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Chapter 8: Device Management
Note: If you are using KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 as tiered
devices, you must connect them to the base KX II via the extended
local port.
4. If you are using the tiering feature, select the Enable Local Port
Device Tiering checkbox and enter the tiered secret word in the Tier
Secret field. In order to configure tiering, you must also configure the
base device on the Device Services page. See Configuring and
Enabling Tiering (on page 164) for more information on tiering.
5. If needed, configure the Local Port Scan Mode settings. These
settings apply to Scan Settings feature, which is accessed from the
Port page. See Scanning Ports (on page 56).

In the "Display Interval (10-255 sec):" field, specify the number of
seconds you want the target that is in focus to display in the
center of the Port Scan window.

In the "Interval Between Ports (10 - 255 sec):" field, specify the
interval at which the device should pause between ports.
6. Choose the appropriate keyboard type from among the options in the
drop-down list. The browser will be restarted when this change is
made.

US

US/International

United Kingdom

French (France)

German (Germany)

JIS (Japanese Industry Standard)

Simplified Chinese

Traditional Chinese

Dubeolsik Hangul (Korean)

German (Switzerland)

Portuguese (Portugal)

Norwegian (Norway)

Swedish (Sweden)

Danish (Denmark)

Belgian (Belgium)
Note: Keyboard use for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean is for
display only. Local language input is not supported at this time for KX
II Local Console functions.
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Note: If using a Turkish keyboard, you must connect to a target
server through the Active KVM Client (AKC). It is not supported by
other Raritan clients.
7. Choose the local port hotkey. The local port hotkey is used to return
to the KX II Local Console interface when a target server interface is
being viewed. The default is to Double Click Scroll Lock, but you can
select any key combination from the drop-down list:
Hot key:
Take this action:
Double Click Scroll Lock
Press Scroll Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Num Lock
Press Num Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Caps Lock
Press Caps Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Left Alt key
Press the left Alt key twice quickly
Double Click Left Shift key
Press the left Shift key twice quickly
Double Click Left Ctrl key
Press the left Ctrl key twice quickly
8. Select the Local Port Connect key. Use a connect key sequence to
connect to a target and switch to another target. You can then use
the hot key to disconnect from the target and return to the local port
GUI. Once the local port connect key is created, it will appear in the
Navigation panel of the GUI so you can use it as a reference. See
Connect Key Examples (on page 287) for examples of connect key
sequences. The connect key works for both standard servers and
blade chassis.
9. Set the Video Switching Delay from between 0 - 5 seconds, if
necessary. Generally 0 is used unless more time is needed (certain
monitors require more time to switch the video).
10. If you would like to use the power save feature:
a. Select the Power Save Mode checkbox.
b. Set the amount of time (in minutes) in which Power Save Mode
will be initiated.
11. Choose the resolution for the KX II Local Console from the dropdown list. The browser will be restarted when this change is made.

800x600

1024x768

1280x1024
12. Choose the refresh rate from the drop-down list. The browser will be
restarted when this change is made.
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
60 Hz

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Chapter 8: Device Management
13. Choose the type of local user authentication.

Local/LDAP/RADIUS. This is the recommended option. For more
information about authentication, see Remote Authentication
(on page 40).

None. There is no authentication for Local Console access. This
option is recommended for secure environments only.

Select the "Ignore CC managed mode on local port" checkbox if
you would like local user access to the KX II even when the
device is under CC-SG management.
Note: If you initially choose not to ignore CC Manage mode on the
local port but later want local port access, you will have to remove
the device from under CC-SG management (from within CC-SG).
You will then be able to check this checkbox.
Note: In order to use the standard local port and extended local port
while the KX II is under CC-SG management, "Ignore CC managed
mode on local port" option must be selected. Select the "Ignore CC
managed mode on local port" checkbox if you would like local user
access, via the standard or extended local port, to the KX II when the
device is under CC-SG management. Alternatively, use the direct
device access while under CC-SG management feature.
14. Click OK.
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KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 Standard and Extended Local Port Settings
The KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 provide you with two local port
options: the standard local port and the extended local port. Each of
these port options is enabled and disabled from the Remote Console or
from the Local Console on the Local Port Settings page. For more
information, see Configuring KX II Local Port Settings (on page 220).
By default, the standard local port is enabled and the extended local port
is disabled. If you would like to extend the reach of the local port, enable
the extended local port and use a Cat5/5e/6 cable to connect to the KX2808, KX2-832 or KX2-864 from a Paragon II UMT, EUST, UST or
URKVMG.
Note: If the extended local port is enabled on the KX2-808, KX2-832 and
KX2-864 and nothing is connected to the port, you will experience a
delay of 2-3 seconds when switching to a target via the Local port.
You must have Administrator privileges to configure these options. To
access a port, you only need to enter your username and password
once. You do not have to enter these credentials for each port you
access.
See the Specifications (on page 301) section for details on the devices
supported by the extended local port, as well as distance specifications
and supported CIMs.
KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 Connection Limitations
The standard and extended local ports share access to a target. When
both are enabled, the keyboard, video and mouse are shared between
the standard and extended local ports. Both will be connected to or
disconnected from the target.
When either the standard or extended local ports is disabled, the
keyboard, video and mouse for the ports will be disabled and a message
is displayed you that the local ports have been disabled.
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Connect and Disconnect Scripts
The KX II provides the ability to execute key macro scripts when
connecting to or disconnecting from a target. These scripts are defined
and managed on the Connection Scripts page.
You can create and edit your own scripts on the Connection Script page
to perform additional actions when connecting to or disconnecting from
targets. Alternatively, you can import existing connection scripts in XML
file format. Scripts that you create in KX II can also be exported in XML
file format. A total of 16 scripts can be accommodated on the KX II.
Applying and Removing Scripts
To apply a script to targets:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, select the script to be
applied to the target(s). One 'On Connect' and one 'On Disconnect'
script may be applied to a target.
Note: Only one script can be added to the targets at a time.
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3. In the Apply Selected Scripts to Ports section, select the target(s)
you want to apply the script to using Select All or clicking on the
checkbox to the left of each target to apply the script to only select
targets.
4. Click Apply Scripts. Once the script is added to the target, it appears
under the Scripts Currently in Use column in the Apply Selected
Scripts to Ports section.
To remove a script from targets:
1. In the Apply Selected Scripts to Ports section, select the target(s)
you want to remove the scripts from using Select All or clicking on
the checkbox to the left of each target to remove the script from only
select targets.
2. Click Remove Connect Scripts to remove connect scripts or click
Remove Disconnect Scripts to remove disconnect scripts.
Adding Scripts
Note: You can also add scripts that were created outside of KX II and
import them as XML files. See Importing and Exporting Scripts (on
page 229).
To create script:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, click Add. The Add
Connection Script page opens.
3. Enter a name for the script up to 32 characters in length. This name
is displayed in the Available Connection Scripts section of the
Configure Scripts page once the script is created.
4. Select either Connect or Disconnect as the type of script you are
creating. Connect scripts are used on a new connection or when
switching to a target.
5. Select the keyboard type required for the target you are using.
6. From the Key Sets drop-down, choose the keyboard key set you
want to use to create the script. Once selected, the Add box below
the Key Sets drop-down is populated with the selected key set
options.
7. Select a key from the Add box and click Add to move it to Script box.
Remove a key from Script box by selecting it clicking Remove.
Reorder keys by selecting them and using the Up and Down icons.
The script can consist of one or more keys. Additionally, you can mix
and match the keys to be used in the script.
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For example, select F1-F16 to display the function key set in the Add
box. Select a function key and add it to the Script box. Next, select
Letters from the Key Set drop-down and add a letter key to the script.
8. Optionally, add text that will display when the script is executed.
a. Click Construct Script from Text to open the Construct Script
From Text page.
b. Enter the script in the text box. For example, enter "Connected to
Target".
c.
Click OK Construct Script From Text page.
9. Click OK to create the script.
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Modifying Scripts
To modify existing scripts:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, select the script you
want to modify and click Modify. The page is then in Edit mode.
3. Make changes as needed. Click OK when finished.
Importing and Exporting Scripts
You are able to import and export connect and disconnect scripts that
are in XML file format. Keyboard macros cannot be imported or exported.
Note: The import and export feature is not available from the Local
Console.
Imported scripts can be edited in KX II using the Modify feature.
However, once an imported script is associated with a port, it cannot be
modified. Remove the script from the port to modify it. See Applying
and Removing Scripts (on page 225).
To import a script:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, click Import. The Import
Connection Scripts page opens.
3. Select the import setting.

Skip duplicates - Scripts that already exist in KX II are not
included in the import.

Overwrite duplicates - Scripts that already exists in KX II are
overwritten by the new, imported script.

Add duplicates with a different name - Duplicate scripts will be
renamed during the import and will not overwrite existing scripts.
KX II assigns a number to the file name to distinguish it from the
original.
4. Use the browse function to locate the XML script files to import.
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5. Click Import. The Configuration Scripts page opens and the imported
scripts are displayed.
To export a disconnect script:
1. Click Device Settings > Configuration Scripts. The Configuration
Scripts page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, select the script you
want to export and click Export. A dialog prompting you to open or
save the XML file appears.
3. Save the XML file or open it in an XML editor. If you save the XML
file, it is saved to your default Download folder.
Port Group Management
Port group management refers to the following:
230

Blade Server Group - the aggregation of ports connected to certain
types of blades into a group representing the blade chassis. See HP
and Cisco USC Blade Chassis Configuration (Port Group
Management) (on page 208) for details.

Dual Video Port Group - the creation of port groups that provide
extended desktop configurations on target servers. See Creating a
Dual Video Port Group (on page 232).

Port Group - the creation of 'standard' port groups where settings
applying to a primary port are applied to all secondary ports in the
group. See Creating Port Groups (on page 231).
Chapter 8: Device Management
Creating Port Groups
The KX II supports the aggregation of multiple ports into a single port
group. Port Groups consist solely of ports configured as standard KVM
ports. A port may only be a member of a single group.
Ports that are available to be included in a port group are displayed in
the Select Port for Group > Available list. Once a port is added to a port
group, it is not available to add to another port group. Remove the port
from its existing port group to use it in a new one.
Connect and disconnect actions performed from the primary port are
applied to the secondary ports in the group with the exception of power
control.
Port Groups are restored using the Backup and Restore option (see
Backup and Restore (on page 254)).
Note: See HP and Cisco USC Blade Chassis Configuration (Port
Group Management) (on page 208) for information on creating port
groups for blade chassis, and Creating Dual Port Video Groups for
information on creating dual video port groups.
To create a port group:
1. Select Device Settings > Port Group Management. The Port Group
Management page opens. Any existing port groups are displayed.
2. Click Add. The page refreshes and displays all of the port group
options available.
3. Select the Port Group radio button.
4. Select the ports to add to the group by clicking on them in the
Available text box, and then clicking Add to add it to the Selected text
box.
5. Click OK to create the port group. The port group now appears on
the Port Group Management page.
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Creating a Dual Video Port Group
The dual video port groups feature allows you to group two video ports
into one group. Use this feature when you need to connect to a server
with two video cards/ports, and you want to access both ports from the
same remote client at the same time.
Note: Dual port video groups are not supported by KX II models with only
one KVM channel such as the KX2-108 and KX2-116.
Note: Once a dual video port group is created, it is available from the
local console as well as the remote client. However, extended desktop is
not supported at the local console.
Dual video port groups appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port
types. The primary and secondary ports that are a part of the port group
appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port(P) and Dual Port(S),
respectively. For example, if the CIM type is DCIM, "DCIM Dual Port (P)"
is displayed.
Each group must contain a primary port and a secondary port. The
configuration applied to the primary port is applied to all secondary ports
in the group. If a port is removed from the group, it is considered an
independent port and a new configuration can be applied to it.
When you access a dual port video group from the remote client, you
connect to the primary port, which opens a KVM connection window to
both the primary and secondary ports of the dual port group.
The sessions can be launched and viewed from the remote client on one
or multiple monitors as needed.
The orientation setting configured on the KX II for the target must match
the actual configuration on the target operating system. It is
recommended when possible that the connecting client has the same
screen orientation.
Important: Review the information in the Dual Video Port Groups
(on page 328) section for restrictions, recommendations, and so on
that may impact your specific environment.
To create a dual port video group:
1. Select Device Settings > Port Group Management. The Port Group
Management page opens. Any existing port groups are displayed.
2. Click Add. The Port Group page opens, and all available ports are
displayed in the Select Ports for Group section.
Note: If a port is already a part of blade server port group, another
dual video port group, or 'standard' port group, the port is not an
option since ports can only belong to a single port group at a time.
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3. Select the Dual Video Port Group radio button.
4. From the Select Ports for Group section, click on the port you are
designating as the primary port, then click Add to add it to the
Selected text box. Be sure to add the primary port first.
Note: Ideally, the permissions applied to each port in the port group
should be the same. If they are not, the permissions of the port with
the most restrictive permissions is applied to the port group. For
example, if VM Access Deny is applied to one port and VM Access
Read-Write is applied to another port, VM Access Deny is applied to
the port group. See Permissions and Dual Video Port Group
Access (on page 336) for information on how port permissions affect
dual video port groups.
5. Click on the port that you are designating as the secondary port and
click Add to add it to the Selected text box.
6. Select the orientation of the page. The orientation you select
depends on what works best with your monitor setup.
7. Click OK to create the port group.
Dual video port groups appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port
types. The primary and secondary ports that are a part of the port
group appear on the Port Access page as Dual Port(P) and Dual
Port(S), respectively. For example, if the CIM type is DCIM, "DCIM
Dual Port (P)" is displayed.
Note: Dual Video port targets attached to a tier device should only be
connected via the tier device, not through the tier base device.
Changing the Default GUI Language Setting
The KX II GUI supports the following localized languages:

Japanese

Simplified Chinese

Traditional Chinese
To change the GUI language:
1. Select Device Settings > Language. The Language Settings page
opens.
2. From the Language drop-down, select the language you want to
apply to the GUI.
3. Click Apply. Click Reset Defaults to change back to English.
Note: Once you apply a new language, the online help is also localized
to match your language selection.
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Security Management
In This Chapter
Security Settings....................................................................................234
Configuring IP Access Control ..............................................................244
SSL Certificates .....................................................................................246
Security Banner .....................................................................................249
Security Settings
From the Security Settings page, you can specify login limitations, user
blocking, password rules, and encryption and share settings.
Raritan SSL certificates are used for public and private key exchanges,
and provide an additional level of security. Raritan web server certificates
are self-signed. Java applet certificates are signed by a VeriSign
certificate. Encryption guarantees that your information is safe from
eavesdropping and these certificates ensure that you can trust that the
entity is Raritan, Inc.
To configure the security settings:
1. Choose Security > Security Settings. The Security Settings page
opens.
2. Update the Login Limitations (on page 235) settings as
appropriate.
3. Update the Strong Passwords (on page 237) settings as
appropriate.
4. Update the User Blocking (on page 238) settings as appropriate.
5. Update the Encryption & Share settings as appropriate.
6. Click OK.
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To reset back to defaults:

Click Reset to Defaults.
Login Limitations
Using login limitations, you can specify restrictions for single login,
password aging, and the logging out idle users.
Limitation
Description
Enable single login
limitation
When selected, only one login per user name is
allowed at anytime. When deselected, a given
user name/password combination can be
connected into the device from several client
workstations simultaneously.
Enable password
aging
When selected, all users are required to change
their passwords periodically based on the
number of days specified in Password Aging
Interval field.
This field is enabled and required when the
Enable Password Aging checkbox is selected.
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Chapter 9: Security Management
Limitation
Description
Enter the number of days after which a password
change is required. The default is 60 days.
Log out idle users,
After (1-365
minutes)
Select the "Log off idle users" checkbox to
automatically disconnect users after the amount
of time you specify in the "After (1-365 minutes)"
field. If there is no activity from the keyboard or
mouse, all sessions and all resources are logged
out. If a virtual media session is in progress,
however, the session does not timeout.
The After field is used to set the amount of time
(in minutes) after which an idle user will be
logged out. This field is enabled when the Log
Out Idle Users option is selected. Up to 365
minutes can be entered as the field value
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Strong Passwords
Strong passwords provide more secure local authentication for the
system. Using strong passwords, you can specify the format of valid KX
II local passwords such as minimum and maximum length, required
characters, and password history retention.
Strong passwords require user-created passwords to have a minimum of
8 characters with at least one alphabetical character and one
nonalphabetical character (punctuation character or number). In addition,
the first four characters of the password and the user name cannot
match.
When selected, strong password rules are enforced. Users with
passwords not meeting strong password criteria will automatically be
required to change their password on their next login. When deselected,
only the standard format validation is enforced. When selected, the
following fields are enabled and required:
Field
Description
Minimum length of strong
password
Passwords must be at least 8
characters long. The default is 8, but it
can be up to 63.
Maximum length of strong
password
The default is 8 minimum and 16 the is
the default maximum.
Enforce at least one lower
case character
When checked, at least one lower case
character is required in the password.
Enforce at least one upper
case character
When checked, at least one upper case
character is required in the password.
Enforce at least one
numeric character
When checked, at least one numeric
character is required in the password.
Enforce at least one
printable special character
When checked, at least one special
character (printable) is required in the
password.
Number of restricted
This field represents the password
passwords based on history history depth. That is, the number of
prior passwords that cannot be
repeated. The range is 1-12 and the
default is 5.
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User Blocking
The User Blocking options specify the criteria by which users are blocked
from accessing the system after the specified number of unsuccessful
login attempts.
The three options are mutually exclusive:
238
Option
Description
Disabled
The default option. Users are not blocked
regardless of the number of times they fail
authentication.
Chapter 9: Security Management
Option
Description
Timer Lockout
Users are denied access to the system for the
specified amount of time after exceeding the
specified number of unsuccessful login attempts.
When selected, the following fields are enabled:
 Attempts - The number of unsuccessful login
attempts after which the user will be locked
out. The valid range is 1 - 10 and the default
is 3 attempts.
 Lockout Time - The amount of time for which
the user will be locked out. The valid range is
1 - 1440 minutes and the default is 5 minutes.
Note: Users in the role of Administrator are
exempt from the timer lockout settings.
Deactivate User-ID When selected, this option specifies that the user
will be locked out of the system after the number
of failed login attempts specified in the Failed
Attempts field:
 Failed Attempts - The number of unsuccessful
login attempts after which the user's User-ID
will be deactivated. This field is enabled when
the Deactivate User-ID option is selected. The
valid range is 1 - 10.
When a user-ID is deactivated after the specified
number of failed attempts, the administrator must
change the user password and activate the user
account by selecting the Active checkbox on the
User page.
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Encryption & Share
Using the Encryption & Share settings you can specify the type of
encryption used, PC and VM share modes, and the type of reset
performed when the KX II Reset button is pressed.
WARNING: If you select an encryption mode that is not supported by
your browser, you will not be able to access the KX II from your
browser.
To configure encryption and share:
1. Choose one of the options from the Encryption Mode drop-down list.
When an encryption mode is selected, a warning appears, stating
that if your browser does not support the selected mode, you will not
be able to connect to the KX II. The warning states "When the
Encryption Mode is specified please ensure that your browser
supports this encryption mode; otherwise you will not be able to
connect to the KX II."
Encryption mode
Description
Auto
This is the recommended option. The KX II
autonegotiates to the highest level of
encryption possible.
You must select Auto in order for the device
and client to successfully negotiate the use of
FIPS compliant algorithms.
RC4
Secures user names, passwords and KVM
data, including video transmissions using the
RSA RC4 encryption method. This is a 128bit Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) protocol that
provides a private communications channel
between the KX II device and the Remote PC
during initial connection authentication.
If you enable FIPS 140-2 mode and RC4 has
been selected, you will receive an error
message. RC4 is not available while in FIPS
140-2 mode.
AES-128
240
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is
a National Institute of Standards and
Technology specification for the encryption of
electronic data. 128 is the key length. When
AES-128 is specified, be certain that your
browser supports it, otherwise you will not be
able to connect. See Checking Your
Browser for AES Encryption (on page 242)
Chapter 9: Security Management
Encryption mode
Description
for more information.
AES-256
The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is
a National Institute of Standards and
Technology specification for the encryption of
electronic data. 256 is the key length. When
AES-256 is specified, be certain that your
browser supports it, otherwise you will not be
able to connect. See Checking Your
Browser for AES Encryption (on page 242)
for more information.
Note: MPC will always negotiate to the highest encryption and will
match the Encryption Mode setting if not set to Auto.
Note: If you are running Windows XP® operating system with Service
Pack 2, Internet Explorer® 7 cannot connect remotely to the KX II
using AES-128 encryption.
2. Apply Encryption Mode to KVM and Virtual Media. When selected,
this option applies the selected encryption mode to both KVM and
virtual media. After authentication, KVM and virtual media data is
also transferred with 128-bit encryption.
3. For government and other high security environments, enable FIPS
140-2 Mode by selecting the Enable FIPS 140-2 checkbox. See
Enabling FIPS 140-2 (on page 243) for information on enabling
FIPS 140-2.
4. PC Share Mode - Determines global concurrent remote KVM access,
enabling up to eight remote users to simultaneously log into one KX
II and concurrently view and control the same target server through
the device. Click the drop-down list to select one of the following
options:

Private - No PC share. This is the default mode. Each target
server can be accessed exclusively by only one user at a time.

PC-Share - KVM target servers can be accessed by up to eight
users (administrator or non-administrator) at one time. Each
remote user has equal keyboard and mouse control, however,
note that uneven control will occur if one user does not stop
typing or moving the mouse.
5. If needed, select VM Share Mode. This option is enabled only when
PC-Share mode is enabled. When selected, this option permits the
sharing of virtual media among multiple users, that is, several users
can access the same virtual media session. The default is disabled.
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6. If needed, select Local Device Reset Mode. This option specifies
which actions are taken when the hardware Reset button (at the
back of the device) is depressed. For more information, see
Resetting the KX II Using the Reset Button (on page 299).
Choose one of the following options:
Local device reset
mode
Description
Enable Local Factory Returns the KX II device to the factory defaults.
Reset (default)
Enable Local Admin
Password Reset
Resets the local administrator password only.
The password is reset to raritan.
Disable All Local
Resets
No reset action is taken.
Note: When using the P2CIM-AUSBDUAL or P2CIM-APS2DUAL to
attach a target to two KX IIs, if Private access to the targets is required,
both KVM switches must have Private set as their PC Share Mode.
See Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations (on page 311) for
additional information on using Paragon CIMs with the KX II.
Checking Your Browser for AES Encryption
The KX II supports AES-256. If you do not know if your browser uses
AES, check with the browser manufacturer or navigate to the
https://www.fortify.net/sslcheck.html website using the browser with the
encryption method you want to check. This website detects your
browser's encryption method and displays a report.
Note: Internet Explorer® 6 does not support AES 128 or 256-bit
encryption.
AES 256 Prerequisites and Supported Configurations
AES 256-bit encryption is supported on the following web browsers only:

Firefox® 2.0.0.x and 3.0.x (and later)

Internet Explorer 7 and 8
In addition to browser support, AES 256-bit encryption requires the
installation of Java™ Cryptography Extension® (JCE®) Unlimited Strength
Jurisdiction Policy Files.
Jurisdiction files for various JREs™ are available at the “other downloads”
section of the following link:

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Chapter 9: Security Management
Enabling FIPS 140-2
For government and other high security environments, enabling FIPS
140-2 mode may be desirable. The KX II uses an embedded FIPS 1402-validated cryptographic module running on a Linux® platform per FIPS
140-2 Implementation Guidance section G.5 guidelines. Once this mode
is enabled, the private key used to generate the SSL certificates must be
internally generated; it cannot be downloaded or exported.
To enable FIPS 140-2:
1. Access the Security Settings page.
2. Enable FIPS 140-2 Mode by selecting the Enable FIPS 140-2
checkbox in the Encryption & Share section of the Security Settings
page. You will utilize FIPS 140-2 approved algorithms for external
communications once in FIPS 140-2 mode. The FIPS cryptographic
module is used for encryption of KVM session traffic consisting of
video, keyboard, mouse, virtual media and smart card data.
3. Reboot the KX II. Required
Once FIPS mode is activated, 'FIPS Mode: Enabled' will be displayed
in the Device Information section in the left panel of the screen.
For additional security, you can also create a new Certificate Signing
Request once FIPS mode is activated. This will be created using the
required key ciphers. Upload the certificate after it is signed or create
a self-signed certificate. The SSL Certificate status will updated from
'Not FIPS Mode Compliant' to 'FIPS Mode Compliant'.
When FIPS mode is activated, key files cannot be downloaded or
uploaded. The most recently created CSR will be associated
internally with the key file. Further, the SSL Certificate from the CA
and its private key are not included in the full restore of the backedup file. The key cannot be exported from KX II.
FIPS 140-2 Support Requirements
The KX II supports the use of FIPS 140-20 approved encryption
algorithms. This allows an SSL server and client to successfully
negotiate the cipher suite used for the encrypted session when a client is
configured for FIPS 140-2 only mode.
Following are the recommendations for using FIPS 140-2 with the KX II:
KX II
 Set the Encryption & Share to Auto on the Security Settings page.
See Encryption & Share (on page 240).
Microsoft Client
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
FIPS 140-2 should be enabled on the client computer and in Internet
Explorer.
To enable FIPS 140-2 on a Windows client:
1. Select Control Panel > Administrative Tools > Local Security Policy
to open the Local Security Settings dialog.
2. From the navigation tree, select Select Local Policies > Security
Options.
3. Enable "System Cryptography: Use FIPS compliant algorithms for
encryption, hashing and signing".
4. Reboot the client computer.
To enable FIPS 140-2 in Internet Explorer:
1. In Internet Explorer, select Tools > Internet Options and click on the
Advanced tab.
2. Select the Use TLS 1.0 checkbox.
3. Restart the browser.
Configuring IP Access Control
Using IP access control, you control access to your KX II. Note that IP
access control restricts traffic of any kind from accessing the KX II, so
NTP servers, RADIUS hosts, DNS hosts and so on must be granted
access to the KX II.
By setting a global Access Control List (ACL) you are ensuring that your
device does not respond to packets being sent from disallowed IP
addresses. The IP access control is global, affecting the KX II as a
whole, but you can also control access to your device at the group level.
See Group-Based IP ACL (Access Control List) (on page 137) for
more information about group-level control.
Important: IP address 127.0.0.1 is used by the KX II local port. When
creating an IP Access Control list, 127.0.0.1 should not be within
the range of IP addresses that are blocked or you will not have
access to the KX II local port.
To use IP access control:
1. Select Security > IP Access Control to open the IP Access Control
page.
2. Select the Enable IP Access Control checkbox and the remaining
fields on the page.
3. Choose the Default Policy. This is the action taken for IP addresses
that are not within the ranges you specify.
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
Accept - IP addresses are allowed access to the KX II device.

Drop - IP addresses are denied access to the KX II device.
To add (append) rules:
1. Type the IP address and subnet mask in the IPv4/Mask or
IPv6/Prefix Length field.
Note: The IP address should be entered using CIDR (Classless
Inter-Domain Routing notation, in which the first 24 bits are used as
a network address).
2. Choose the Policy from the drop-down list.
3. Click Append. The rule is added to the bottom of the rules list.
To insert a rule:
1. Type a rule #. A rule # is required when using the Insert command.
2. Type the IP address and subnet mask in the IPv4/Mask or
IPv6/Prefix Length field.
3. Choose the Policy from the drop-down list.
4. Click Insert. If the rule # you just typed equals an existing rule #, the
new rule is placed ahead of the exiting rule and all rules are moved
down in the list.
Tip: The rule numbers allow you to have more control over the order in
which the rules are created.
To replace a rule:
1. Specify the rule # you want to replace.
2. Type the IP address and subnet mask in the IPv4/Mask or
IPv6/Prefix Length field.
3. Choose the Policy from the drop-down list.
4. Click Replace. Your new rule replaces the original rule with the same
rule #.
To delete a rule:
1. Specify the rule # you want to delete.
2. Click Delete.
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3. You are prompted to confirm the deletion. Click OK.
SSL Certificates
The KX II uses the Secure Socket Layer (SSL) protocol for any
encrypted network traffic between itself and a connected client. When
establishing a connection, the KX II has to identify itself to a client using
a cryptographic certificate.
It is possible to generate a Certificate Signing Request (CSR) and install
a certificate signed by the Certificate Authority (CA) on the KX II. The CA
verifies the identity of the originator of the CSR. The CA then returns a
certificate containing its signature to the originator. The certificate,
bearing the signature of the well-known CA, is used to vouch for the
identity of the presenter of the certificate.
Important: Make sure your KX II date/time is set correctly.
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When a self signed certificate is created, the KX II date and time are
used to calculate the validity period. If the KX II date and time are not
accurate, the certificate's valid from - to date range may be incorrect,
causing certificate validation to fail. See Configuring Date/Time
Settings (on page 174).
Note: The CSR must be generated on the KX II.
Note: When upgrading firmware, the active certificate and CSR are not
replaced.
To create and install a SSL certificate:
1. Select Security > SSL Certificate.
2. Complete the following fields:
a. Common name - The network name of the KX II once it is
installed on your network (usually the fully qualified domain
name). The common name is identical to the name used to
access the KX II with a web browser, but without the prefix
“http://”. In case the name given here and the actual network
name differ, the browser displays a security warning when the
KX II is accessed using HTTPS.
b. Organizational unit - This field is used for specifying to which
department within an organization the KX II belongs.
c.
Organization - The name of the organization to which the KX II
belongs.
d. Locality/City - The city where the organization is located.
e. State/Province - The state or province where the organization is
located.
f.
Country (ISO code) - The country where the organization is
located. This is the two-letter ISO code, e.g. DE for Germany, or
US for the U.S.
g. Challenge Password - Some certification authorities require a
challenge password to authorize later changes on the certificate
(e.g. revocation of the certificate). Enter one if required.
h. Confirm Challenge Password - Confirmation of the Challenge
Password.
i.
Email - The email address of a contact person that is responsible
for the KX II and its security.
j.
Key length - The length of the generated key in bits. 1024 is the
default.
3. Do one of the following:
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a. Select the Create a Self-Signed Certificate checkbox if you need
to generate a self-signed certificate. When you select this option,
the KX II generates the certificate based on your entries, and
acts as the signing certificate authority. The CSR does not need
to be exported and used to generate a signed certificate.
b. Specify the number of days for the validity range. Ensure the KX
II date and time are correct, otherwise an invalid date may be
used to create the certificate's valid from and to range.
c.
Click Create.
d. A confirmation dialog is displayed. Click OK to close it.
e. Reboot the KX II to activate the CSR.
Or
f.
Specify the number of days for the validity range. Ensure the KX
II date and time are correct, otherwise an invalid date may be
used to create the certificate's valid from and to range.
g. Click Create.
h. A dialog containing all of the information you entered, as well as
the certificate's valid to and from dates, appears. If the
information is correct, click OK to generate the CSR.
i.
Reboot the KX II to activate the CSR.
To download a CSR certificate:
1. The CSR and the file containing the private key used when
generating it can be downloaded by clicking Download.
Note: The CSR and the private key file are a matched set and should
be treated accordingly. If the signed certificate is not matched with
the private key used to generate the original CSR, the certificate will
not be useful. This applies to uploading and downloading the CSR
and private key files.
2. Send the saved CSR to a CA for certification. You will get the new
certificate from the CA.
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To upload a self-signed certificate:
1. Upload the certificate to the KX II by clicking Upload.
Note: The CSR and the private key file are a matched set and should
be treated accordingly. If the signed certificate is not matched with
the private key used to generate the original CSR, the certificate will
not be useful. This applies to uploading and downloading the CSR
and private key files.
After completing these three steps the KX II has its own certificate that is
used for identifying the card to its clients.
Important: If you destroy the CSR on the KX II there is no way to get
it back! In case you deleted it by mistake, you have to repeat the
three steps as described above. To avoid this, use the download
function so you will have a copy of the CSR and its private key.
Security Banner
KX II provides you with the ability to add a security banner to the KX II
login process. This feature requires users to either accept or decline a
security agreement before they can access the KX II. The information
provided in a security banner will be displayed in a Restricted Service
Agreement dialog after users access KX II using their login credentials.
The security banner heading and wording can be customized, or the
default text can be used. Additionally, the security banner can be
configured to require that a user accepts the security agreement before
they are able to access the KX II or it can just be displayed following the
login process. If the accept or decline feature is enabled, the user's
selection is logged in the audit log.
To configure a security banner:
1. Click Security > Banner to open the Banner page.
2. Select Display Restricted Service Banner to enable the feature.
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3. If you want to require users to acknowledge the banner prior to
continuing the login process, select Require Acceptance of
Restricted Service Banner. In order to acknowledge the banner,
users will select a checkbox. If you do not enable this setting, the
security banner will only be displayed after the user logs in and will
not require users acknowledge it.
4. If needed, change the banner title. This information will be displayed
to users as part of the banner. Up to 64 characters can be used.
5. Edit the information in the Restricted Services Banner Message text
box. Up to 6000 characters can be entered or uploaded from a text
file. To do this, do one of the following:
a. Edit the text by manually typing in the text box. Click OK.
b. Upload the information from .txt file by selecting the Restricted
Services Banner File radio button and using the Browse feature
to locate and upload the file. Click OK. Once the file is uploaded,
the text from the file will appear in the Restricted Services
Banner Message text box.
Note: You cannot upload a text file from the local port.
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Chapter 10 Maintenance
In This Chapter
Audit Log................................................................................................251
Device Information.................................................................................252
Backup and Restore ..............................................................................254
USB Profile Management ......................................................................256
Upgrading CIMs .....................................................................................258
Upgrading Firmware ..............................................................................258
Upgrade History .....................................................................................260
Rebooting the KX II ...............................................................................261
Stopping CC-SG Management ..............................................................262
Audit Log
A log is created of the KX II system events. The audit log can contain up
to approximately 2K worth of data before it starts overwriting the oldest
entries. To avoid losing audit log data, export the data to a syslog server
or SNMP manager. Configure the syslog server or SNMP manager from
the Device Settings > Event Management page. See Events Captured
in the Audit Log and Syslog (on page 326) for information on what is
captured in the audit log and syslog.
To view the audit log for your KX II:
1. Choose Maintenance > Audit Log. The Audit Log page opens.
The Audit Log page displays events by date and time (most recent
events listed first). The Audit Log provides the following information:

Date - The date and time that the event occurred based on a 24hour clock.

Event - The event name as listed in the Event Management
page.

Description - Detailed description of the event.
To save the audit log:
Note: Saving the audit log is available only on the KX II Remote Console,
not on the Local Console.
1. Click Save to File. A Save File dialog appears.
2. Choose the desired file name and location and click Save. The audit
log is saved locally on your client machine with the name and
location specified.
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To page through the audit log:

Use the [Older] and [Newer] links.
Device Information
The Device Information page provides detailed information about your
KX II device and the CIMs in use. This information is helpful should you
need to contact Raritan Technical Support.
To view information about your KX II and CIMs:

Choose Maintenance > Device Information. The Device Information
page opens.
The following information is provided about the KX II:

Model

Hardware Revision

Firmware Version

Serial Number

MAC Address
The following information is provided about the CIMs in use:
252

Port (number)

Name

Type of CIM - DCIM, PCIM, Rack PDU, VM, DVM-DP, DVM-HDMI,
DVM-DVI

Firmware Version

Serial Number of the CIM - this number is pulled directly from the
supported CIMs.

P2CIM-PS2

P2CIM-APS2DUAL

P2CIM-AUSBDUAL

P2CIM-AUSB

P2CIM-SUN

P2CIM-SUSB

P2CIM-SER

DCIM-PS2

DCIM-USB

DCIM-USBG2

DCIM-SUN
Chapter 10: Maintenance

DCIM-SUSB

DVM-DP

DVM-HDMI

DVM-DVI
Note: Only the numeric portion or the serial numbers are displayed for
the DCIM-USB, DCIM-PS2 and DCIM-USB G2 CIMs. For example,
XXX1234567 is displayed. The serial number prefix GN is displayed for
CIMs that have field configured serial numbers.
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Backup and Restore
From the Backup/Restore page, you can backup and restore the settings
and configuration for your KX II.
In addition to using backup and restore for business continuity purposes,
you can use this feature as a time-saving mechanism. For instance, you
can quickly provide access to your team from another KX II by backing
up the user configuration settings from the KX II in use and restoring
those configurations to the new KX II. You can also set up one KX II and
copy its configuration to multiple KX II devices.
To access the Backup/Restore page:

Choose Maintenance > Backup/Restore. The Backup/Restore page
opens.
Note: Backups are always complete system backups. Restores can be
complete or partial depending on your selection.
If you are using Firefox® or Internet Explorer® 5 or earlier, to
backup your KX II:
1. Click Backup. A File Download dialog appears.
2. Click Save. A Save As dialog appears.
3. Choose the location, specify a file name, and click Save. A
Download Complete dialog appears.
4. Click Close. The backup file is saved locally on your client machine
with the name and location specified.
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If you are using Internet Explorer 6 or later, to backup your KX
II:
1. Click Backup. A File Download dialog appears that contains an Open
button. Do not click Open.
In IE 6 (and later), IE is used as the default application to open files,
so you are prompted to open the file versus save the file. To avoid
this, you must change the default application that is used to open
files to WordPad®.
2. To do this:
a. Save the backup file. The backup file is saved locally on your
client machine with the name and location specified.
b. Once saved, locate the file and right-click on it. Select properties.
c.
In general tab, click Change and select WordPad.
To restore your KX II:
WARNING: Exercise caution when restoring your KX II to an earlier
version. Usernames and password in place at the time of the backup
will be restored. If you do not remember the old administrative
usernames and passwords, you will be locked out of the KX II.
In addition, if you used a different IP address at the time of the
backup, that IP address will be restored as well. If the configuration
uses DHCP, you may want to perform this operation only when you
have access to the local port to check the IP address after the update.
1. Choose the type of restore you want to run:

Full Restore - A complete restore of the entire system. Generally
used for traditional backup and restore purposes.

Protected Restore - Everything is restored except device-specific
information such as IP address, name, and so forth. With this
option, you can setup one KX II and copy the configuration to
multiple KX II devices.

Custom Restore - With this option, you can select User and
Group Restore, Device Settings Restore, or both:
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
User and Group Restore - This option includes only user and
group information. This option does not restore the certificate
and the private key files. Use this option to quickly set up
users on a different KX II.

Device Settings Restore - This option includes only device
settings such as power associations, USB profiles, blade
chassis related configuration parameters, and Port Group
assignments. Use this option to quickly copy the device
information.
2. Click Browse. A Choose File dialog appears.
3. Navigate to and select the appropriate backup file and click Open.
The selected file is listed in the Restore File field.
4. Click Restore. The configuration (based on the type of restore
selected) is restored.
USB Profile Management
From the USB Profile Management page, you can upload custom
profiles provided by Raritan tech support. These profiles are designed to
address the needs of your target server’s configuration, in the event that
the set of standard profiles does not already address them. Raritan tech
support will provide the custom profile and work with you to verify the
solution for your target server’s specific needs.
To access the USB Profile Management page:

Choose > Maintenance > USB Profile Management. The USB Profile
Management page opens.
To upload a custom profile to your KX II:
1. Click Browse. A Choose File dialog appears.
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2. Navigate to and select the appropriate custom profile file and click
Open. The file selected is listed in the USB Profile File field.
3. Click Upload. The custom profile will be uploaded and displayed in
the Profile table.
Note: If an error or warning is displayed during the upload process (for
example. overwriting an existing custom profile), you may continue with
the upload by clicking Upload or cancel it by clicking on Cancel.
To delete a custom profile to your KX II:
1. Check the box corresponding to the row of the table containing the
custom profile to be deleted.
2. Click Delete. The custom profile will be deleted and removed from
the Profile table.
As noted, you may delete a custom profile from the system while it is still
designated as an active profile. Doing so will terminate any virtual media
sessions that were in place.
Handling Conflicts in Profile Names
A naming conflict between custom and standard USB profiles may occur
when a firmware upgrade is performed. This may occur if a custom
profile that has been created and incorporated into the list of standard
profiles has the same name as a new USB profile that is downloaded as
part of the firmware upgrade.
Should this occur, the preexisting custom profile will be tagged as 'old_'.
For example, if a custom profile called GenericUSBProfile5 has been
created and a profile with the same name is downloaded during a
firmware upgrade, the existing file will then be called
'old_GenericUSBProfile5'.
You can delete the existing profile if needed. See USB Profile
Management (on page 256) for more information.
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Upgrading CIMs
Use this procedure to upgrade CIMs using the firmware versions stored
in the memory of your KX II device. In general, all CIMs are upgraded
when you upgrade the device firmware using the Firmware Upgrade
page.
In order to make use of USB profiles, you must use a digital CIM,
D2CIM-VUSB or D2CIM-DVUSB with updated firmware. A VM-CIM that
has not had its firmware upgraded will support a broad range of
configurations (Windows®, Keyboard, Mouse, CD-ROM, and Removable
Device) but will not be able to make use of profiles optimized for
particular target configurations. Given this, existing VM-CIMs should be
upgraded with the latest firmware in order to access USB profiles. Until
existing VM-CIMs are upgraded, they will be able to provide functionality
equivalent to the ‘Generic’ profile.
To upgrade CIMs using the KX II memory:
1. Choose Maintenance > CIM Firmware Upgrade. The CIM Upgrade
from page opens.
The Port (number), Name, Type, Current CIM Version, and Upgrade
CIM Version are displayed for easy identification of the CIMs.
2. Check the Selected checkbox for each CIM you want to upgrade.
3. Click Upgrade. You are prompted to confirm the upgrade.
4. Click OK to continue the upgrade. Progress bars are displayed
during the upgrade. Upgrading takes approximately 2 minutes or less
per CIM.
Upgrading Firmware
Use the Firmware Upgrade page to upgrade the firmware for your KX II
and all attached CIMs. This page is available in the KX II Remote
Console only.
Important: Do not turn off your KX II unit or disconnect CIMs while
the upgrade is in progress - doing so will likely result in damage to
the unit or CIMs.
To upgrade your KX II unit:
1. Locate the appropriate Raritan firmware distribution file (*.RFP) on
the Raritan website http://www.raritan.com on the Firmware
Upgrades web page.
2. Unzip the file. Please read all instructions included in the firmware
ZIP files carefully before upgrading.
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Note: Copy the firmware update file to a local PC before uploading.
Do not load the file from a network drive.
3. Choose Maintenance > Firmware Upgrade. The Firmware Upgrade
page opens.
4. Click Browse to navigate to the directory where you unzipped the
upgrade file.
5. Select the Review CIM Version Information? checkbox if you would
like information displayed about the versions of the CIMs in use.
6. Click Upload from the Firmware Upgrade page. Information about
the upgrade and version numbers is displayed for your confirmation
(if you opted to review CIM information, that information is displayed
as well):
Note: At this point, connected users are logged out, and new login
attempts are blocked.
7. Click Upgrade. Please wait for the upgrade to complete. Status
information and progress bars are displayed during the upgrade.
Upon completion of the upgrade, the unit reboots (1 beep sounds to
signal that the reboot has completed).
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As prompted, close the browser and wait approximately 5 minutes before
logging in to the KX II again. again. For information about upgrading the
device firmware using the Multi-Platform Client, see Upgrading Device
Firmware in the KVM and Serial Access Clients Guide.
Note: Firmware upgrades are not supported via modem.
Note: If you are using a tiered configuration in which a base KX II device
is used to access multiple other tiered devices, you may receive a low
memory error during a firmware upgrade if you have a large number of
user groups. If you receive this error, reboot the device and then perform
the upgrade again. If you continue to receive this error after rebooting,
disable tiering on the base device and perform the upgrade again.
Note: When upgrading firmware, the active certificate and CSR are not
replaced.
Upgrade History
The KX II provides information about upgrades performed on the KX II
and attached CIMS.
To view the upgrade history:

Choose Maintenance > Upgrade History. The Upgrade History page
opens.
Information is provided about the KX II upgrade(s) that have been run,
the final status of the upgrade, the start and end times, and the previous
and current firmware versions. Information is also provided about the
CIMS, which can be obtained by clicking the show link for an upgrade.
The CIM information provided is:
260

Type - The type of CIM

Port - The port where the CIM is connected

User - The user who performed the upgrade

IP - IP address firmware location

Start Time - Start time of the upgrade

End Time - end time of the upgrade

Previous Version - Previous CIM firmware version

Upgrade Version - Current CIM firmware version

CIMs - Upgraded CIMs

Result - The result of the upgrade (success or fail)
Chapter 10: Maintenance
Rebooting the KX II
The Reboot page provides a safe and controlled way to reboot your KX
II. This is the recommended method for rebooting.
Important: All KVM and serial connections will be closed and all
users will be logged off.
To reboot your KX II:
1. Choose Maintenance > Reboot. The Reboot page opens.
2. Click Reboot. You are prompted to confirm the action. Click Yes to
proceed with the reboot.
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Stopping CC-SG Management
While the KX II is under CC-SG management, if you try to access the
device directly, you are notified that it the device is under CC-SG
management.
If you are managing the KX II through CC-SG and connectivity between
CC-SG and the KX II is lost after the specified timeout interval (typically
10 minutes), you are able to end the CC-SG management session from
the KX II console.
Note: You must have the appropriate permissions to end CC-SG
management of the KX II. Additionally, the Stop CC-SG Management
option will not be provided unless you are currently using CC-SG to
manage the KX II.
To stop CC-SG management of the KX II:
1. Click Maintenance > Stop CC-SG Management. A message
indicating that the device is being managed by CC-SG will be
displayed. An option to remove the device from CC-SG management
will also be displayed.
2. Click Yes to begin the processing of removing the device from CCSG management. A confirmation message will then displayed asking
you to confirm that you want the remove the device from CC-SG
management.
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3. Click Yes to remove the device CC-SG management. Once CC-SG
management has ended, a confirmation will be displayed.
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Chapter 11 Diagnostics
In This Chapter
Network Interface Page .........................................................................264
Network Statistics Page.........................................................................265
Ping Host Page ......................................................................................267
Trace Route to Host Page .....................................................................267
Device Diagnostics ................................................................................269
Network Interface Page
The KX II provides information about the status of your network interface.
To view information about your network interface:

Choose Diagnostics > Network Interface. The Network Interface
page opens.
The following information is displayed:

Whether the Ethernet interface is up or down.

Whether the gateway is pingable or not.

The LAN port that is currently active.
To refresh this information:

Click Refresh.
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Network Statistics Page
The KX II provides statistics about your network interface.
To view statistics about your network interface:
1. Choose Diagnostics > Network Statistics. The Network Statistics
page opens.
2. Choose the appropriate option from the Options drop-down list:

Statistics - Produces a page similar to the one displayed here.
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
Interfaces - Produces a page similar to the one displayed here.

Route - Produces a page similar to the one displayed here.
3. Click Refresh. The relevant information is displayed in the Result
field.
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Ping Host Page
Ping is a network tool used to test whether a particular host or IP
address is reachable across an IP network. Using the Ping Host page,
you can determine if a target server or another KX II is accessible.
To ping the host:
1. Choose Diagnostics > Ping Host. The Ping Host page appears.
2. Type either the hostname or IP address into the IP Address/Host
Name field.
Note: The host name cannot exceed 232 characters in length.
3. Click Ping. The results of the ping are displayed in the Result field.
Trace Route to Host Page
Trace route is a network tool used to determine the route taken to the
provided hostname or IP address.
To trace the route to the host:
1. Choose Diagnostics > Trace Route to Host. The Trace Route to Host
page opens.
2. Type either the IP address or host name into the IP Address/Host
Name field.
Note: The host name cannot exceed 232 characters in length.
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3. Choose the maximum hops from the drop-down list (5 to 50 in
increments of 5).
4. Click Trace Route. The trace route command is executed for the
given hostname or IP address and the maximum hops. The output of
trace route is displayed in the Result field.
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Device Diagnostics
Note: This page is for use by Raritan Field Engineers or when you are
directed by Raritan Technical Support.
Device diagnostics downloads the diagnostics information from the KX II
to the client machine. Two operations can be performed on this page:

Execute a special diagnostics script provided by Raritan Technical
Support during a critical error debugging session. The script is
uploaded to the device and executed. Once this script has been
executed, you can download the diagnostics messages using the
Save to File function.

Download the device diagnostic log for a snapshot of diagnostics
messages from the KX II device to the client. This encrypted file is
then sent to Raritan Technical Support. Only Raritan can interpret
this file.
Note: This page is accessible only by users with administrative
privileges.
To run the KX II System diagnostics:
1. Choose Diagnostics > KX II Diagnostics. The KX II Diagnostics page
opens.
2. To execute a diagnostics script file emailed to you from Raritan
Technical Support:
a. Retrieve the diagnostics file supplied by Raritan and unzip as
necessary.
b. Click Browse. A Choose File dialog box opens.
c.
Navigate to and select the diagnostic file.
d. Click Open. The file is displayed in the Script File field.
e. Click Run Script. Send this file to Raritan Technical Support.
3. To create a diagnostics file to send to Raritan Technical Support:
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a. Click Save to File. The File Download dialog opens.
b. Click Save. The Save As dialog box opens.
c.
Navigate to the desired directory and click Save.
d. Email this file as directed by Raritan Technical Support.
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Chapter 12 Command Line Interface (CLI)
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................271
Accessing the KX II Using CLI ..............................................................272
SSH Connection to the KX II .................................................................272
Logging In ..............................................................................................273
Navigation of the CLI .............................................................................273
Initial Configuration Using CLI ...............................................................275
CLI Prompts ...........................................................................................276
CLI Commands ......................................................................................276
Administering the KX II Console Server Configuration Commands ......277
Configuring Network ..............................................................................277
Overview
The Command Line Interface(CLI) can be used to configure the KX II
network interface and perform diagnostic functions provided you have
the appropriate permissions to do so.
The following figures describe an overview of the CLI commands. See
CLI Commands (on page 276) for a list of all the commands, which
include definitions and links to the sections in this chapter that give
examples of these commands.
The following common commands can be used from all levels of the CLI
to the preceding figure: top, history, log off, quit, show, and help.
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Accessing the KX II Using CLI
Access the KX II by using one of the following methods:

SSH (Secure Shell) via IP connection
A number of SSH clients are available and can be obtained from the
following locations:

Putty - http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/
http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~sgtatham/putty/

SSH Client from ssh.com - www.ssh.com http://www.ssh.com

Applet SSH Client - www.netspace.org/ssh
http://www.netspace.org/ssh

OpenSSH Client - www.openssh.org http://www.openssh.org
SSH Connection to the KX II
Use any SSH client that supports SSHv2 to connect to the KX II. You
must enable SSH access from the Devices Services page.
Note: For security reasons, SSH V1 connections are not supported by
the KX II.
SSH Access from a Windows PC
To open an SSH session from a Windows® PC:
1. Launch the SSH client software.
2. Enter the IP address of the KX II server. For example,
192.168.0.192.
3. Choose SSH, which uses the default configuration port 22.
4. Click Open.
The login as: prompt appears.
See Logging In (on page 273).
SSH Access from a UNIX/Linux Workstation
To open an SSH session from a UNIX®/Linux® workstation and
log in as the user admin, enter the following command:
ssh -l admin 192.168.30.222
The Password prompt appears.
See Logging In (on page 273).
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Logging In
To log in, enter the user name admin as shown:
1. Log in as admin
2. The Password prompt appears. Enter the default password: raritan
The welcome message displays. You are now logged on as an
administrator.
After reviewing the following Navigation of the CLI (on page 273)
section, perform the Initial Configuration tasks.
Navigation of the CLI
Before using the CLI, it is important to understand CLI navigation and
syntax. There are also some keystroke combinations that simplify CLI
use.
Completion of Commands
The CLI supports the completion of partially-entered commands. After
entering the first few characters of an entry, press the Tab key. If the
characters form a unique match, the CLI will complete the entry.

If no match is found, the CLI displays the valid entries for that level.

If multiple matches are found, the CLI displays all valid entries.
Enter additional text to make the entry unique and press the Tab key to
complete the entry.
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CLI Syntax -Tips and Shortcuts
Tips

Commands are listed in alphabetical order.

Commands are not case sensitive.

Parameter names are single word without underscore.

Commands without arguments default to show current settings for
the command.

Typing a question mark ( ? ) after a command produces help for that
command.

A pipe symbol ( | ) indicates a choice within an optional or required
set of keywords or arguments.
Shortcuts

Press the Up arrow key to display the last entry.

Press Backspace to delete the last character typed.

Press Ctrl + C to terminate a command or cancel a command if you
typed the wrong parameters.

Press Enter to execute the command.

Press Tab to complete a command. For example, Admin Port >
Conf. The system then displays the Admin Port > Config >
prompt.
Common Commands for All Command Line Interface Levels
Following are the commands that are available at all CLI levels. These
commands also help navigate through the CLI.
274
Commands
top
Description
Return to the top level of the CLI hierarchy, or the
“username” prompt.
history
Display the last 200 commands the user entered
into the KX II CLI.
help
Display an overview of the CLI syntax.
quit
Places the user back one level.
logout
Logs out the user session.
Chapter 12: Command Line Interface (CLI)
Initial Configuration Using CLI
Note: These steps, which use the CLI, are optional since the same
configuration can be done via KVM. See Getting Started (on page 18)
for more information.
KX II devices come from the factory with default factory settings. When
you first power up and connect to the device, you must set the following
basic parameters so the device can be accessed securely from the
network:
1. Reset the administrator password. All KX II devices are shipped with
the same default password. Therefore, to avoid security breaches it
is imperative that you change the admin password from raritan to
one customized for the administrators who will manage the KX II
device.
2. Assign the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway IP address to
allow remote access.
Setting Parameters
To set parameters, you must be logged on with administrative privileges.
At the top level, you will see the "Username" > prompt, which for the
initial configuration is "admin". Enter the top command to return to the
top menu level.
Note: If you have logged on with a different user name, that user name
will appear instead of admin.
Setting Network Parameters
Network parameters are configured using the interface command.
admin > Config > Network > interface ipauto none ip
192.168.151.12 mask 255.255.255.0 gw 192.168.151.1
mode auto
When the command is accepted, the device automatically drops the
connection. You must reconnect to the device using the new IP address
and the user name and password you created in the resetting factory
default password section.
Important: If the password is forgotten, the KX II will need to be
reset to the factory default from the Reset button on the back of the
KX II. The initial configuration tasks will need to be performed again
if this is done.
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The KX II now has the basic configuration and can be accessed remotely
via SSH, GUI, or locally using the local serial port. The administrator
needs to configure the users and groups, services, security, and serial
ports to which the serial targets are attached to the KX II.
CLI Prompts
The Command Line Interface prompt indicates the current command
level. The root portion of the prompt is the login name. For a direct admin
serial port connection with a terminal emulation application, Admin Port
is the root portion of a command.
admin >
CLI Commands

276
Enter admin > help.
Command
Description
config
Change to config sub menu.
diagnostics
Change to diag sub menu.
help
Display overview of commands.
history
Display the current session's command line history.
listports
List accessible ports.
logout
Logout of the current CLI session.
top
Return to the root menu.
userlist
List active user sessions.
Chapter 12: Command Line Interface (CLI)

Enter admin > config > network.
Command
Description
help
Display overview of commands.
history
Display the current session's command line history.
interface
Set/get network parameters.
ipv6_interface
Set/get IPv6 network parameters.
logout
Logout of the current CLI session.
name
Device name configuration.
quit
Return to previous menu.
stop
Return to the root menu.
Security Issues
Elements to consider when addressing security for console servers:

Encrypting the data traffic sent between the operator console and the
KX II device.

Providing authentication and authorization for users.

Security profile.
The KX II supports each of these elements; however, they must be
configured prior to general use.
Administering the KX II Console Server Configuration Commands
Note: CLI commands are the same for SSH and Local Port access
sessions.
The Network command can be accessed in the Configuration menu for
the KX II.
Configuring Network
The network menu commands are used to configure the KX II network
adapter.
Commands
interface
Description
Configure the KX II device network interface.
name
Network name configuration
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Commands
ipv6
Description
Set/get IPv6 network parameters.
Interface Command
The Interface command is used to configure the KX II network interface.
The syntax of the interface command is:
interface [ipauto <none|dhcp>] [ip <ipaddress>]
[mask <subnetmask>] [gw <ipaddress>] [mode <mode>]
Set/Get ethernet parameters
ipauto <none|dhcp> IP auto configuration (none/dhcp)
ip <ipaddress> IP Address
mask <subnetmask> Subnet Mask
gw <ipaddress> Gateway IP Address
mode <mode> Set Ehternet Mode
(auto/10hdx/10fdx/100hdx/100fdx/1000fdx)
Interface Command Example
The following command enables the interface number 1, sets the IP
address, mask, and gateway addresses, and sets the mode to auto
detect.
Admin > Config > Network > interface ipauto none ip
192.16.151.12 mask 255.255.255.0 gw 192.168.51.12
mode auto
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Chapter 12: Command Line Interface (CLI)
Name Command
The name command is used to configure the network name. The syntax
of the name is:
name [devicename <devicename>] [hostname <hostname>]
Device name configuration
devicename <devicename>
Device Name
hostname
only)
Preferred host name (DHCP
<hostname>
Name Command Example
The following command sets the network name:
Admin > Config > Network > name devicename My-KSX2
IPv6 Command
Use the IPv6_command to set IPv6 network parameters and retrieve
existing IPv6 parameters.
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Chapter 13 KX II Local Console
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................280
Simultaneous Users ..............................................................................280
KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices ........................................281
Security and Authentication ...................................................................281
Available Resolutions ............................................................................281
Port Access Page (Local Console Server Display) ...............................282
Accessing a Target Server ....................................................................282
Scanning Ports - Local Console ............................................................283
Local Console Smart Card Access ........................................................285
Local Console USB Profile Options .......................................................286
Hot Keys and Connect Keys..................................................................287
Special Sun Key Combinations .............................................................288
Returning to the KX II Local Console Interface .....................................289
Local Port Administration.......................................................................289
Connect and Disconnect Scripts ...........................................................295
Resetting the KX II Using the Reset Button ..........................................299
Overview
The KX II provides at-the-rack access and administration via its local
port, which features a browser-based graphical user interface for quick,
convenient switching between servers. The KX II Local Console provides
a direct analog connection to your connected servers, which provides the
same performance is as if you were directly connected to the server's
keyboard, mouse, and video ports. The KX II Local Console provides the
same administrative functionality as the KX II Remote Console.
Simultaneous Users
The KX II Local Console provides an independent access path to the
connected KVM target servers. Using the Local Console does not
prevent other users from simultaneously connecting over the network.
And even when remote users are connected to the KX II, you can still
simultaneously access your servers from the rack via the Local Console.
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KX II Local Console Interface: KX II Devices
When you are located at the server rack, the KX II provides standard
KVM management and administration via the KX II Local Console. The
KX II Local Console provides a direct KVM (analog) connection to your
connected servers; the performance is exactly as if you were directly
connected to the server's keyboard, mouse, and video ports.
There are many similarities among the KX II Local Console and the KX II
Remote Console graphical user interfaces. Where there are differences,
they are noted in the help.
The KX II Local Console Factory Reset option is available in the KX II
Local Console but not the KX II Remote Console.
Security and Authentication
In order to use the KX II Local Console, you must first authenticate with a
valid username and password. The KX II provides a fully-integrated
authentication and security scheme, whether your access is via the
network or the local port. In either case, the KX II allows access only to
those servers to which a user has access permissions. See User
Management (on page 131) for additional information on specifying
server access and security settings.
If your KX II has been configured for external authentication services
(LDAP/LDAPS, RADIUS, or Active Directory), authentication attempts at
the Local Console also are authenticated against the external
authentication service.
Note: You can also specify no authentication for Local Console access;
this option is recommended only for secure environments.
To use the KX II Local Console:
1. Connect a keyboard, mouse, and video display to the local ports at
the back of the KX II.
2. Start the KX II. The KX II Local Console interface displays.
Available Resolutions
The KX II Local Console provides the following resolutions to support
various monitors:

800x600

1024x768

1280x1024
Each of these resolutions supports a refresh rate of 60Hz and 75Hz.
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Port Access Page (Local Console Server Display)
After you login to the KX II Local Console, the Port Access page opens.
This page lists all of the KX II ports, and the target servers, port groups,
and blade chassis that are connected to those ports.
The Port Access page contains the same information whether accessed
from the remote console or local console. Additionally, you navigate the
page and access targets and port groups in the same way. See Port
Access Page (Remote Console Display) (on page 51) for details.
Accessing a Target Server
To access a target server:
1. Click the Port Name of the target you want to access. The Port
Action Menu is displayed.
2. Choose Connect from the Port Action menu. The video display
switches to the target server interface.
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Scanning Ports - Local Console
The KX II scanning feature is supported by the Local Console. The
targets that are found during the scan are displayed on the Scan page
one at a time, which is different from the Remote Console port slide
show. Each target is displayed on the page for 10 seconds by default,
allowing you to view the target and connect to it. Use the Local Port
ConnectKey sequence to connect to a target when it is displayed and the
DisconnectKey sequence to disconnect from the target.
To scan for targets:
1. From the Local Console, click the Set Scan tab on the Port Access
page.
2. Select the targets you want to include in the scan by selecting the
checkbox to the left of each target, or select the checkbox at the top
of the target column to select all targets.
3. Leave the Up Only checkbox selected if you only want targets that
are up to be included in the scan. Deselect this checkbox if you want
to include all targets, whether up or down.
4. Click Scan to begin the scan. A Port Scan window opens. As each
target is found, it is displayed in the window.
5. Connect to a target when it is displayed by using the ConnectKey
sequence.
6. Click Stop Scan to stop the scan.
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Using Scan Options
Following are options available to you while scanning targets. With the
exception of the Expand/Collapse icon, all of these options are selected
from the Options menu in the upper left of the Port Scan viewer. The
options will return to their defaults when you close the window.
Note: Configure scan settings such as the display interval from either the
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) or Active KVM Client (AKC). See Configure
Scan Settings in VKC and AKC (on page 89) for more information.
Hide or View Thumbnails

Use the Expand/Collapse icon at the upper left of the window to
hide or view thumbnails. Expanded is the default view.
Pause the Thumbnail Slide Show

Pause thumbnails from rotating between one target and the next by
selecting Options > Pause. Rotating thumbnails is the default setting.
Resume the Thumbnail Slide Show

Resume the thumbnail rotation by selecting Options > Resume.
Size the Thumbnails in the Port Scan Viewer

Enlarge the size of the thumbnails by selecting Options > Size >
360x240.

Minimize the size of the thumbnails by selection Options > Size >
160x120. This is the default thumbnail size.
Change the Orientation of the Port Scan Viewer
284

View thumbnails along the bottom of the Port Scan viewer by
selecting Options > Split Orientation > Horizontal.

View thumbnails along the right of the Port Scan viewer by selecting
Options > Split Orientation > Vertical. This is the default view.
Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
Local Console Smart Card Access
To use a smart card to access a server at the Local Console, plug a USB
smart card reader into the KX II using one of the USB ports located on
the KX II. Once a smart card reader is plugged in or unplugged from the
KX II, the KX II autodetects it. For a list of supported smart cards and
additional system requirements, see Supported and Unsupported
Smart Card Readers (on page 100) and Smart Card Minimum System
Requirements (on page 317).
When mounted onto the target server, the card reader and smart card
will cause the server to behave as if they had been directly attached.
Removal of the smart card or smart card reader will cause the user
session to be locked or you will be logged out depending on how the
card removal policy has been setup on the target server OS. When the
KVM session is terminated, either because it has been closed or
because you switch to a new target, the smart card reader will be
automatically unmounted from the target server.
To mount a smart card reader onto a target via the KX II Local
console:
1. Plug a USB smart card reader into the KX II using one of the USB
ports located on the device. Once attached, the smart card reader
will be detected by the KX II.
2. From the Local Console, click Tools.
3. Select the smart card reader from the Card Readers Detected list.
Select None from the list if you do not want a smart card reader
mounted.
4. Click OK. Once the smart card reader is added, a message will
appear on the page indicating you have completed the operation
successfully. A status of either Selected or Not Selected will appear
in the left panel of the page under Card Reader.
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To update the Card Readers Detected list:

Click Refresh if a new smart card has been mounted. The Card
Readers Detected list will be refreshed to reflect the newly added
smart card reader.
Smart Card Access in KX2 8xx Devices
If you are using a smart card reader to access a server from the Local
Console through a KX2-808, KX2-832 or KX2-864 device, the extended
local port (Local Port Settings page) must be disabled. The extended
local port does not support smart card authentication.
Local Console USB Profile Options
From the USB Profile Options section of the Tools page, you can choose
from the available USB profiles.
The ports that can be assigned profiles are displayed in the Port Name
field and the profiles that are available for a port appear in the Select
Profile To Use field after the port is selected. The profiles selected for
use with a port appear in the Profile In Use field.
To apply a USB profile to a local console port:
1. In the Port Name field, select the port you want to apply the USB
profile to.
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2. In the Select Profile To Use field, select the profile to use from
among those available for the port.
3. Click OK. The USB profile will be applied to the local port and will
appear in the Profile In Use field.
Hot Keys and Connect Keys
Because the KX II Local Console interface is completely replaced by the
interface for the target server you are accessing, a hot key is used to
disconnect from a target and return to the local port GUI. A connect key
is used to connect to a target or switch between targets.
The Local Port hot key allows you to rapidly access the KX II Local
Console user interface when a target server is currently being viewed.
The default is to press the Scroll Lock key twice in rapid succession, but
you can designate another key combination (available in the Local Port
Settings page) as the hot key. See Configuring KX II Local Console
Local Port Settings (on page 290) for more information.
Connect Key Examples
Standard servers
Connect key action Key sequence example
Access a port from
the local port GUI
Access port 5 from the local port GUI:
Switch between
ports
Switch from target port 5 to port 11:


Press Left ALT > Press and Release 5 >
Release Left ALT
Press Left ALT > Press and Release 1 >
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Standard servers
Connect key action Key sequence example
Press and Release 1 > Release Left ALT
Disconnect from a
target and return to
the local port GUI
Disconnect from target port 11 and return to the
local port GUI (the page from which you
connected to target):

Double Click Scroll Lock
Blade chassis
Connect key action Key sequence example
Access a port from
the local port GUI
Access port 5, slot 2:
Switch between
ports
Switch from target port 5, slot 2 to port 5, slot
11:


Disconnect from a
target and return to
the local port GUI
Press Left ALT > Press and Release 5 >
Press and Release - > Press and Release 2
> Release Left ALT
Press Left ALT > Press and Release 5 >
Press and Release - > Press and Release 1
> Press and Release 1 > Release Left ALT
Disconnect from target port 5, slot 11 and return
to the local port GUI (the page from which you
connected to target):

Double Click Scroll Lock

Special Sun Key Combinations
The following key combinations for Sun™ Microsystems server’s special
keys operate on the local port. These special are available from the
Keyboard menu when you connect to a Sun target server:
288
Sun key
Local port key combination
Again
Ctrl+ Alt +F2
Props
Ctrl + Alt +F3
Undo
Ctrl + Alt +F4
Stop A
Break a
Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
Sun key
Local port key combination
Front
Ctrl + Alt + F5
Copy
Ctrl + Alt + F6
Open
Ctrl + Alt + F7
Find
Ctrl + Alt + F9
Cut
Ctrl + Alt + F10
Paste
Ctrl + Alt + F8
Mute
Ctrl + Alt + F12
Compose
Ctrl+ Alt + KPAD *
Vol +
Ctrl + Alt + KPAD +
Vol -
Ctrl + Alt + KPAD -
Stop
No key combination
Power
No key combination
Returning to the KX II Local Console Interface
Important: The KX II Local Console default hot key is to press the
Scroll Lock key twice rapidly. This key combination can be changed
in the Local Port Settings page. See Configuring KX II Local Port
Settings from the Local Console (on page 293).
To return to the KX II Local Console from the target server:

Press the hot key twice rapidly (the default hot key is Scroll Lock).
The video display switches from the target server interface to the KX
II Local Console interface.
Local Port Administration
The KX II can be managed by either the KX II Local Console or the KX II
Remote Console. Note that the KX II Local Console also provides access
to:

Factory Reset

Local Port Settings(available in the Remote Console, as well)
Note: Only users with administrative privileges can access these
functions.
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Configuring KX II Local Console Local Port Settings
From the Local Port Settings page, you can customize many settings for
the KX II Local Console including keyboard, hot keys, video switching
delay, power save mode, local user interface resolution settings, and
local user authentication.
Note: Only users with administrative privileges can access these
functions.
To configure the local port settings:
Note: Some changes you make to the settings on the Local Port Settings
page will restart the browser you are working in. If a browser restart will
occur when a setting is changed, it is noted in the steps provided here.
1. Choose Device Settings > Local Port Settings. The Local Port
Settings page opens.
2. Choose the appropriate keyboard type from among the options in the
drop-down list. The browser will be restarted when this change is
made.

US

US/International

United Kingdom

French (France)

German (Germany)

JIS (Japanese Industry Standard)

Simplified Chinese

Traditional Chinese

Dubeolsik Hangul (Korean)

German (Switzerland)

Portuguese (Portugal)

Norwegian (Norway)

Swedish (Sweden)

Danish (Denmark)

Belgian (Belgium)
Note: Keyboard use for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean is for
display only. Local language input is not supported at this time for KX
II Local Console functions.
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Note: If using a Turkish keyboard, you must connect to a target
server through the Active KVM Client (AKC). It is not supported by
other Raritan clients.
3. Choose the local port hotkey. The local port hotkey is used to return
to the KX II Local Console interface when a target server interface is
being viewed. The default is to Double Click Scroll Lock, but you can
select any key combination from the drop-down list:
Hot key:
Take this action:
Double Click Scroll Lock
Press Scroll Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Num Lock
Press Num Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Caps Lock
Press Caps Lock key twice quickly
Double Click Left Alt key
Press the left Alt key twice quickly
Double Click Left Shift key
Press the left Shift key twice quickly
Double Click Left Ctrl key
Press the left Ctrl key twice quickly
4. Select the Local Port Connect key. Use a connect key sequence to
connect to a target and switch to another target. You can then use
the hot key to disconnect from the target and return to the local port
GUI. Once the local port connect key is created, it will appear in the
Navigation panel of the GUI so you can use it as a reference. See
Connect Key Examples (on page 287) for examples of connect key
sequences. The connect key works for both standard servers and
blade chassis.
5. Set the Video Switching Delay from between 0 - 5 seconds, if
necessary. Generally 0 is used unless more time is needed (certain
monitors require more time to switch the video).
6. If you would like to use the power save feature:
a. Select the Power Save Mode checkbox.
b. Set the amount of time (in minutes) in which Power Save Mode
will be initiated.
7. Choose the resolution for the KX II Local Console from the dropdown list. The browser will be restarted when this change is made.

800x600

1024x768

1280x1024
8. Choose the refresh rate from the drop-down list. The browser will be
restarted when this change is made.

60 Hz

75 Hz
9. Choose the type of local user authentication.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console

Local/LDAP/RADIUS. This is the recommended option. For more
information about authentication, see Remote Authentication
(on page 40).

None. There is no authentication for Local Console access. This
option is recommended for secure environments only.

Select the "Ignore CC managed mode on local port" checkbox if
you would like local user access to the KX II even when the
device is under CC-SG management.
Note: If you initially choose not to ignore CC Manage mode on the
local port but later want local port access, you will have to remove
the device from under CC-SG management (from within CC-SG).
You will then be able to check this checkbox.
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10. Click OK.
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings from the Local Console
The standard local port and the extended local port can be configured
from the Remote Console on the Port Configuration page or from the
Local Console on the Local Port Settings page. See Configuring KX II
Local Port Settings (on page 220) for details on configuring these ports.
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KX II Local Console Factory Reset
Note: This feature is available only on the KX II Local Console.
The KX II offers several types of reset modes from the Local Console
user interface.
Note: It is recommended that you save the audit log prior to performing a
factory reset. The audit log is deleted when a factory reset is performed
and the reset event is not logged in the audit log. For more information
about saving the audit log, see Audit Log (on page 251).
To perform a factory reset:
1. Choose Maintenance > Factory Reset. The Factory Reset page
opens.
2. Choose the appropriate reset option from the following options:

Full Factory Reset - Removes the entire configuration and resets
the device completely to the factory defaults. Note that any
management associations with CommandCenter will be broken.
Because of the complete nature of this reset, you will be
prompted to confirm the factory reset.

Network Parameter Reset - Resets the network parameters of
the device back to the default values (click Device Settings >
Network Settings to access this information):

IP auto configuration

IP address

Subnet mask

Gateway IP address

Primary DNS server IP address

Secondary DNS server IP address

Discovery port

Bandwidth limit

LAN interface speed & duplex

Enable automatic failover

Ping interval (seconds)

Timeout (seconds)
3. Click Reset to continue. You will be prompted to confirm the factory
reset because all network settings will be permanently lost.
4. Click OK proceed. Upon completion, the KX II device is automatically
restarted.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
Connect and Disconnect Scripts
The KX II provides the ability to execute key macro scripts when
connecting to or disconnecting from a target. These scripts are defined
and managed on the Connection Scripts page.
You can create and edit your own scripts on the Connection Script page
to perform additional actions when connecting to or disconnecting from
targets. Alternatively, you can import existing connection scripts in XML
file format. Scripts that you create in KX II can also be exported in XML
file format. A total of 16 scripts can be accommodated on the KX II.
Applying and Removing Scripts
To apply a script to targets:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, select the script to be
applied to the target(s). One 'On Connect' and one 'On Disconnect'
script may be applied to a target.
Note: Only one script can be added to the targets at a time.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
3. In the Apply Selected Scripts to Ports section, select the target(s)
you want to apply the script to using Select All or clicking on the
checkbox to the left of each target to apply the script to only select
targets.
4. Click Apply Scripts. Once the script is added to the target, it appears
under the Scripts Currently in Use column in the Apply Selected
Scripts to Ports section.
To remove a script from targets:
1. In the Apply Selected Scripts to Ports section, select the target(s)
you want to remove the scripts from using Select All or clicking on
the checkbox to the left of each target to remove the script from only
select targets.
2. Click Remove Connect Scripts to remove connect scripts or click
Remove Disconnect Scripts to remove disconnect scripts.
Adding Scripts
Note: You can also add scripts that were created outside of KX II and
import them as XML files. See Importing and Exporting Scripts (on
page 229).
To create script:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, click Add. The Add
Connection Script page opens.
3. Enter a name for the script up to 32 characters in length. This name
is displayed in the Available Connection Scripts section of the
Configure Scripts page once the script is created.
4. Select either Connect or Disconnect as the type of script you are
creating. Connect scripts are used on a new connection or when
switching to a target.
5. Select the keyboard type required for the target you are using.
6. From the Key Sets drop-down, choose the keyboard key set you
want to use to create the script. Once selected, the Add box below
the Key Sets drop-down is populated with the selected key set
options.
7. Select a key from the Add box and click Add to move it to Script box.
Remove a key from Script box by selecting it clicking Remove.
Reorder keys by selecting them and using the Up and Down icons.
The script can consist of one or more keys. Additionally, you can mix
and match the keys to be used in the script.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
For example, select F1-F16 to display the function key set in the Add
box. Select a function key and add it to the Script box. Next, select
Letters from the Key Set drop-down and add a letter key to the script.
8. Optionally, add text that will display when the script is executed.
a. Click Construct Script from Text to open the Construct Script
From Text page.
b. Enter the script in the text box. For example, enter "Connected to
Target".
c.
Click OK Construct Script From Text page.
9. Click OK to create the script.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
298
Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
Modifying Scripts
To modify existing scripts:
1. Click Device Settings > Connection Scripts. The Connection Scripts
page opens.
2. In the Available Connection Scripts section, select the script you
want to modify and click Modify. The page is then in Edit mode.
3. Make changes as needed. Click OK when finished.
Resetting the KX II Using the Reset Button
On the back panel of the device, there is a Reset button. It is recessed to
prevent accidental resets (you need a pointed object to press this
button). The actions that are performed when the Reset button is
pressed are defined on the Encryption & Share page. See Encryption &
Share (on page 240).
Note: It is recommended that you save the audit log prior to performing a
factory reset. The audit log is deleted when a factory reset is performed
and the reset event is not logged on the audit log. For more information
about saving the audit log, see Audit Log (on page 251).
To reset the device:
1. Power off the KX II.
2. Use a pointed object to press and hold the Reset button.
3. While continuing to hold the Reset button, power the KX II device
back on.
4. Continue holding the Reset button for 10 seconds. Once the device
has been reset, two short beeps signal its completion.
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Chapter 13: KX II Local Console
300
Appendix A Specifications
In This Chapter
KX II Physical Specifications .................................................................301
Supported Operating Systems (Clients) ................................................303
Supported Video Resolutions ................................................................305
Supported Target Server Connection Distance and VideoSupported Target
Server Connection Distance/Refresh Rate/Video Resolution ...............306
Supported Browsers ..............................................................................306
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications ..............307
Digital CIM Target Server Timing and Video Resolution .......................310
Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations ......................................311
Smart Card Readers..............................................................................316
Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video Resolutions .............................319
Audio......................................................................................................320
Number of Supported Audio/Virtual Media and Smartcard Connections322
Certified Modems ..................................................................................322
Devices Supported by the Extended Local Port ....................................322
KX2 8xx Extended Local Port Recommended Maximum Distances.....322
Supported Remote Connections ...........................................................323
Supported Keyboard Languages ...........................................................323
TCP and UDP Ports Used .....................................................................324
Events Captured in the Audit Log and Syslog .......................................326
Network Speed Settings ........................................................................326
KX II Physical Specifications
DKX2-832 - Dual Power AC 100V/240V, Local USB Ports, Modem Port,
Extended Local Port, Dual 10/100/1000 Ethernet Access, Local Port
VGA, 32 KVM Ports UTP cabling (Cat5/5e/6)
DKX2-864 - Dual Power AC 100V/240V, Local USB Ports, Modem Port,
Extended Local Port, Dual 10/100/1000 Ethernet Access, Local Port
VGA, 64 KVM Ports UTP cabling (Cat5/5e/6)
Dominion KX II Description
model
Dimensions
(WxDxH)
Weight
Power and heat
dissipation
DKX2-864
64 server ports, 8
17.3" x 13.8" x
remote users, 1
3.5";
local port +
439 x 360 x
extended local port
88mm
12.88lbs;
5.8kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1.2A 67W 58
KCAL
DKX2-832
32 server ports, 8
17.3" x 13.8" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port +
439 x 360 x
extended local port
44mm
10.40lbs;
4.7kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1A 55W 47
KCAL
301
Appendix A: Specifications
Dominion KX II Description
model
Dimensions
(WxDxH)
Weight
Power and heat
dissipation
DKX2-808
8 server ports, 8
17.3" x 13.8" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port +
439 x 360 x
extended local port
44mm
10.40lbs;
4.7kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1A 55W 47
KCAL
DKX2-464
64 server ports, 4
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote users, 1
3.5";
local port for use at
439 x 290 x
the rack
90mm
13.73lbs;
6.24kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1.5A 64W 55
KCAL
DKX2-432
32 server ports, 4
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port for use at
439 x 290 x
the rack
44mm
9.48lbs;
4.3kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1A 63W 54
KCAL
DKX2-416
16 server ports, 4
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port for use at
439 x 290 x
the rack
44mm
9.04lbs;
4.1kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 1A 63W 54
KCAL
DKX2-232
32 server ports, 2
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port for use at
439 x 290 x
the rack
44mm
9.0lbs;
4.1kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 0.6A 63W 54
KCAL
DKX2-216
16 server ports, 2
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote users, 1
1.75";
local port for use at
439 x 290 x
the rack
44mm
8.65lbs;
3.9kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 0.6A 62W 53
KCAL
DKX2-132
32 server ports, 1
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote user, 1 local 1.75";
port for use at the
439 x 290 x
rack
44mm
9.0lbs;
4.1kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 0.6A 62W 53
KCAL
DKX2-116
16 server ports, 1
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote user, 1 local 1.75";
port for use at the
439 x 290 x
rack
44mm
8.65lbs;
3.9kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 0.6A 62W 53
KCAL
DKX2-108
8 server ports, 1
17.3" x 11.4" x
remote user, 1 local 1.75";
port for use at the
439 x 290 x
rack
44mm
8.58lbs;
3.9kg
Dual Power 100V/240V
47/63Hz 0.6A 61W 53
KCAL
302
Appendix A: Specifications
Specifications for All Dominion KX II Models
Form Factor
1U and 2U full width, rack mountable
(brackets included)
Operating Temperature
0º - 40º C (32º - 104º F)
Humidity
20% - 85% RH
Remote Connection
Dual 10/100/1000 gigabit Ethernet access;
dual-stack: IPv4 and IPv6
Network Modem
DB9(F) DTE
Port Protocols
TCP/IP, HTTP, HTTPS, UDP, RADIUS,
SNTP, DHCP, PAP, CHAP, LDAP, SNMP
v2 and v3
Local port access
Video
HD15(F) VGA
Keyboard/Mouse
USB(F), 1 USB front, 3 USB rear
Warranty
Two years standard with advanced
replacement*
Supported Operating Systems (Clients)
The following operating systems are supported on the Virtual KVM Client
and Multi-Platform Client (MPC):
Client operating system
Windows 7
®
Virtual media (VM) support on client?
Yes
®
Windows XP
Yes
Windows 2008®
Yes
®
Yes
Windows Vista
Windows 2000® SP4 Server
®
Yes
Windows 2003 Server
Yes
Windows 2008® Server
Yes
®
Red Hat Desktop 5.0
Yes
Red Hat Desktop 4.0
Yes
Open SUSE 10, 11
Yes
®
Fedora 13 and 14
Yes
Mac® OS
Yes
Solaris
™
No
303
Appendix A: Specifications
Client operating system
Virtual media (VM) support on client?
®
Linux
Yes
The JRE™ plug-in is available for the Windows® 32-bit and 64-bit
operating systems. MPC and VKC can be launched only from a 32-bit
browser, or 64-bit IE7 or IE8 browser.
Following are the Java™ 32-bit and 64-bit Windows operating system
requirements.
Mode
Windows x64
32-bit mode
Operating system
®
Windows XP
Windows Server 2003®
Windows Vista
®
Windows 7®
Windows x64
64-bit mode
Windows XP
Windows XP
Professional®
Windows XP Tablet®
Windows Vista
Windows Server 2003
Windows Server 2008
Windows 7
304
Browser
 Internet Explorer® 6.0
SP1+ or 7.0, IE 8

Firefox® 1.06 - 3

Internet Explorer 6.0
SP1++, IE 7, IE 8

Firefox 1.06 - 3

Internet Explorer 7.0 or
8.0

Internet Explorer 9.0

Firefox 1.06 - 3
64bit OS, 32bit browsers:

Internet Explorer 6.0
SP1+, 7.0 or 8.0

Firefox 1.06 - 3
64bit mode, 64bit browsers:

Internet Explorer 7.0 or
8.0
Appendix A: Specifications
Supported Video Resolutions
Ensure that each target server's video resolution and refresh rate are
supported by the KX II and that the signal is noninterlaced.
Video resolution and cable length are important factors in the ability to
obtain mouse synchronization.
The KX II supports these resolutions:
Resolutions
640x350 @70Hz
1024x768@85
640x350 @85Hz
1024x768 @75Hz
640x400 @56Hz
1024x768 @90Hz
640x400 @84Hz
1024x768 @100Hz
640x400 @85Hz
1152x864 @60Hz
640x480 @60Hz
1152x864 @70Hz
640x480 @66.6Hz
1152x864 @75Hz
640x480 @72Hz
1152x864 @85Hz
640x480 @75Hz
1152x870 @75.1Hz
640x480 @85Hz
1152x900 @66Hz
720x400 @70Hz
1152x900 @76Hz
720x400 @84Hz
1280x720@60Hz
720x400 @85Hz
1280x960 @60Hz
800x600 @56Hz
1280x960 @85Hz
800x600 @60Hz
1280x1024 @60Hz
800x600 @70Hz
1280x1024 @75Hz
800x600 @72Hz
1280x1024 @85Hz
800x600 @75Hz
1360x768@60Hz
800x600 @85Hz
1366x768@60Hz
800x600 @90Hz
1368x768@60Hz
800x600 @100Hz
1400x1050@60Hz
832x624 @75.1Hz
1440x900@60Hz
1024x768 @60Hz
1600x1200 @60Hz
1024x768@70
1680x1050@60Hz
305
Appendix A: Specifications
Resolutions
1024x768@72
1920x1080@60Hz
Note: Composite Sync and Sync-on-Green video require an additional
adapter.
Note: Some resolutions may not be available by default. If you do not
see a resolution, plug in the monitor first, remove the monitor and then
plug in the CIM.
Note: If the 1440x900 and 1680x1050 resolutions are not displayed but
are supported by the target server's graphics adapter card, a DDC-1440
or DDC-1680 adapter may be required.
Supported Target Server Connection Distance and VideoSupported Target
Server Connection Distance/Refresh Rate/Video Resolution
The maximum supported distance is a function of many factors including
the type/quality of the Cat5 cable, server type and manufacturer, video
driver and monitor, environmental conditions, and user expectations. The
following table summarizes the maximum target server distance for
various video resolutions and refresh rates:
Video resolution
Refresh rate
Maximum distance
1920x1080
60
50 ft. (15 m)
1600x1200
60
50 ft. (15 m)
1280x1024
60
100 ft. (30 m)
1024x768
60
150 ft. (45 m)
Note: Due to the multiplicity of server manufacturers and types, OS
versions, video drivers, and so forth and the subjective nature of video
quality, Raritan cannot guarantee performance across all distances in all
environments.
See Supported Video Resolutions (on page 305) for the video
resolutions supported by the KX II.
Supported Browsers
KX II supports the following browsers:
306

Internet Explorer® 6 through 9

Firefox® 1.5, 2.0, 3.0 (up to build 3.6.17) and 4.0

Safari® 3 or later
Appendix A: Specifications
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications
CIM model
D2CIMDVUSB
Description
Dual USB CIM for BIOS virtual media,
smartcard/CAC, audio and Absolute
Mouse Synchronization
Dimensions (WxDxH)
1.7" x 3.5" x 0.8"; 43 x
90 x 19mm
Weight
0.25lb;
0.11kg
D2CIM-VUSB
USB CIM for virtual media and Absolute
Mouse Synchronization
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
0.20lb;
0.09kg
DCIM-PS2
CIM for PS/2
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
0.20lb;
0.09kg
DCIM-SUN
CIM for Sun
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
0.20lb;
0.09kg
307
Appendix A: Specifications
CIM model
Description
DCIM-USBG2 CIM for USB and Sun USB
Dimensions (WxDxH)
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
Weight
0.20lb;
0.09kg
D2CIM-PWR
CIM for remote power management
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
0.20lb;
0.09kg
P2CIM-SER
Paragon II/Dominion KX II CIM for serial
(ASCII) devices
1.3" x 3.0" x 0.6"; 33 x
76 x 15mm
0.20lb;
0.09kg
D2CIMDVUSB-DVI
Digital CIM that provides digital-to-analog
conversion and support for virtual media,
smartcard/CAC, audio, Absolute and
Relative Mouse Synchronization
1.7" x 3.5" x 0.8"; 43 x
90 x 19mm
0.25lb;
0.11kg
308
Appendix A: Specifications
CIM model
D2CIMDVUSB-DP
Description
Digital CIM that provides digital-to-analog
conversion and support for virtual media,
smartcard/CAC, audio, Absolute and
Relative Mouse Synchronization
D2CIMDigital CIM that provides digital-to-analog
DVUSB-HDMI conversion and support for virtual media,
smartcard/CAC, audio, Absolute and
Relative Mouse Synchronization
Dimensions (WxDxH)
1.7" x 3.5" x 0.8"; 43 x
90 x 19mm
Weight
0.25lb;
0.11kg
1.7" x 3.5" x 0.8"; 43 x
90 x 19mm
0.25lb;
0.11kg
Note: Digital CIMs are supported by KX II 2.5.0 (and later)
309
Appendix A: Specifications
Digital CIM Target Server Timing and Video Resolution
Digital CIMs support Display Data Channels (DDC) and Enhanced
Extended Display Identification Data (E-EDID). See Supported
Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications (on page 307) for
CIM specifications.
Timing Modes
Following are the default timing modes that are used when the KX II
communicates with a video source via a digital CIM. The timing mode
that is used is dependent on the native resolution of the video source.

1920x1080@60Hz

1600x1200@60Hz

1280x1024@60Hz (default resolution applied to digital CIMs)

1440x900@60Hz
Established and Standard Modes
The following additional established and standard resolutions and timing
modes are supported by the KX II 2.5.0 (and later).
Established Modes

720 x 400 @ 70Hz IBM, VGA

640 x 480 @ 60Hz IBM, VGA

640 x 480 @ 67Hz Apple, Mac II

640 x 480 @ 72Hz VESA

640 x 480 @ 75Hz VESA

800 x 600 @ 56Hz VESA

800 x 600 @ 60Hz VESA

800 x 600 @ 72Hz VESA

800 x 600 @ 75Hz VESA

832 x 624 @ 75Hz Apple, Mac II

1024 x 768 @ 60Hz VESA

1024 x 768 @ 70Hz VESA

1024 x 768 @ 75Hz VESA

1280 x 1024 @ 75Hz VESA

1152 x 870 @ 75Hz Apple, Mac II
Standard Modes
310

1152x864@75Hz VESA

1280x960@60Hz VESA
Appendix A: Specifications

1280x1024@60Hz VESA

1360x768@60Hz VESA

1400x1050@60Hz VESA

1440x900@60Hz VESA

1600x1200 @60Hz VESA

1680x1050@60Hz VESA

1920x1080@60Hz VESA
Display Native Resolution
You are able to select the native resolution of the CIM on the Port
Configuration page from the Display Native Resolution drop-down. This
is the preferred resolution and timing mode of the digital CIM. Once a
resolution is selected, it is applied to the CIM. If no selection is made, the
default 1280x1024 resolution is used.See Configuring CIM Ports (on
page 189).
DVI Compatibility Mode
DVI Compatibility Mode is used if you are using an HDMI CIM to connect
to a Dell Optiplex target with an Intel video card, or a Mac® Mini with and
HDMI controller. Selecting this mode ensures a good video quality from
the targets. See Configuring CIM Ports (on page 189).
Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations
The KX II supports the P2CIM-APS2DUAL and P2CIM-AUSBDUAL
CIMs, which provide two RJ45 connections to different KVM switches.
Support of these CIMs provides a second path to access the target in the
event that one of the KVM switches is blocked or fails.
Paragon CIM
P2CIM-APS2DUAL
Supports
 Servers with IBM®
PS/2-type keyboard
and mouse ports

Does not support
 Virtual media


Automatic skew
compensation (when

the CIMs are
connected to
Paragon II, not from a 
KX II)

Intelligent Mouse
mode

Standard Mouse
mode
Smart cards
Absolute Mouse
mode
Use with blade
chassis
Cascaded KVM
configurations
311
Appendix A: Specifications
Paragon CIM
P2CIM-AUSBDUAL
Supports
 Servers with USB- or
Sun™ USB-type
keyboard and mouse
ports

312
Does not support
 Virtual media

Smart cards

Absolute Mouse
mode
Automatic skew
compensation (when 
the CIMs are
connected to

Paragon II, not from a
KX II)

Intelligent Mouse
mode

Standard Mouse
mode
Use with blade
chassis
Cascaded KVM
configurations
Appendix A: Specifications
KX II to KX II Guidelines
The following system configuration guidelines should be followed when
you are using Paragon CIMs in a KX II to KX II configuration:
Concurrent Access
Both KX II KVM switches should be configured with the same policy for
concurrent access to targets, either both PC-Share or both Private.
If Private access to targets is required, both KVM switches must be
configured accordingly:

From Security > Security Settings > Encryption & Share, set PC
Share Mode to ‘Private’
This guarantees that concurrent access to targets is prohibited, for all
targets by all user groups.
The KX II allows for more granular control of concurrent access to
targets on a per user group basis. This is done by setting the user
group’s PC Share permissions. However, this is only enforced within the
boundary of a KX II. User Group PC Share permissions must not be
relied on if Privacy must be guaranteed when using the P2CIMAPS2DUAL or P2CIM-AUSBDUAL with the KX II.
CIM Name Updates
The P2CIM-APS2 and P2CIM-AUSB names are stored within the CIM’s
memory. There are two memory locations provided to accommodate the
Paragon naming convention (12 characters) and the KX II naming
convention (32 characters).
When first connected to a KX II, the Paragon name will be retrieved from
memory and written into the CIM memory location used by KX II.
Subsequent queries for the CIM name or updates to the CIM name from
the KX II will be made to the memory location used by the KX II.
Updates will not be made by the KX II to the memory location used by
Paragon II.
When the CIM name is updated by one KX II, the other KX II will detect
and retrieve the updated name on the next attempt to connect to that
target. Until that time, the name will not be updated on the other KX II.
Port Status and Availability
The port status, displayed on the KX II Port Access page as either Up or
Down, is updated to show whether the CIM is powered up and
connected to the KX II port.
The port availability, as displayed on the KX II Port Access page as Idle,
Busy or Connected, is only updated to reflect activity on a target that has
been initiated from that same KX II.
313
Appendix A: Specifications
If a connection to the target is in place from the other KX II, the
availability is checked when a connection is attempted. Access is denied
or allowed consistent with the PC-Share policy in place for the KX II.
Until that time, the availability is not be updated on the other KX II.
If access is denied because the target is busy, a notification is displayed.
Working from CC-SG
Operations initiated from CC-SG are based on the Status, Availability
and CIM name reported by the managed KX II. When the target is
connected to two managed KX IIs and the devices are added to CC-SG,
two nodes will be created. Each node will have its own oob-kvm interface
associated with it. Alternatively, a single node can be configured with an
oob-kvm interface from each KX II.
If the KX IIs are configured for ‘Private’ mode, when a second connection
is attempted the user is notified that they cannot connect and access is
denied.
When a port name change is initiated via the CC-SG Port Profile pane,
the changed name is pushed to the managed KX II. The corresponding
port name of the other KX II will not be updated in CC-SG until a
connection is attempted to the target port via the other KX II’s oob-kvm
interface.
KX II to Paragon II Guidelines
The P2CIM-APS2DUAL or P2CIM-AUSBDUAL can be connected to a
KX II and Paragon II.
Concurrent Access
Both the KX II and Paragon II must be configured with the same policy
for concurrent access to targets.
Paragon II
operation
mode
Private
Mode description
Supported?
A server or other device
on a specific channel
port can be accessed
exclusively by only one
user at a time.
Supported.
Both Paragon II and the KX
II must be set to Private. The
Private setting is applied on
to KX II device, not per user
group.
The Paragon II uses Red to
indicate ‘busy’ or Green to
314
Appendix A: Specifications
Paragon II
operation
mode
Mode description
Supported?
indicate ‘available’.
PC Share
A server or other device
on a specific channel
port can be selected and
controlled by more than
one user, but only one
user has keyboard and
mouse control at any
one time.
Supported.
However, PC Share Idle
Timeout, which is configured
on the Paragon II, is not
supported. Both users will
have concurrent keyboard
and mouse control.
The Paragon II uses Green
to indicate ‘available’. This
will also be true if another
user is already accessing
the target.
Public View
While one user is
accessing a server or
other device on a
specific channel port,
other users can select
that channel port and
view the video output
from that device.
However, only the first
user will have keyboard
and mouse control until
they disconnect or
switch away.
Not supported.
This mode cannot be used
when connecting the CIM to
a Paragon II and the KX II.
The Paragon II uses Yellow
to indicate it is in P-View
mode.
CIM Name Updates

CIM names updated from Paragon II are stored and retrieved from
the CIM memory location corresponding to the Paragon naming
convention.

CIM names updated from the KX II are stored and retrieved from the
CIM memory location corresponding to the KX II naming convention.

CIM name updates do not propagate between the Paragon II and the
KX II.
315
Appendix A: Specifications
Supported Distance for KX II Integration
When using KX II as the front end of a Paragon system, you should
restrict the cable length (distance) for good video quality.
Supported distance from the Paragon user station to the target server is
500 cable feet (152 m). Greater distances may result in video
performance that may or may not be acceptable to you.
Supported distance from KX II to the Paragon user station is up to 150
cable feet (45 m).
Smart Card Readers
Supported and Unsupported Smart Card Readers
External, USB smart card readers are supported.
Supported Smart Card Readers
316
Type
Vendor
Model
Verified
USB
SCM
Microsystems
SCR331
Verified on local
and remote
USB
ActivIdentity®
ActivIdentity USB
Reader v2.0
Verified on local
and remote
USB
ActivIdentity
ActivIdentity USB
Reader v3.0
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Gemalto®
GemPC USB-SW
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
Dell®
USB Smart Card
Reader Keyboard
Verified on local
and remote
USB
Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
Cherry GmbH
G83-6744
SmartBoard
Verified on local
and remote
USB reader for Omnikey
SIM-sized cards
6121
Verified on local
and remote
Integrated (Dell
Latitude D620)
O2Micro
OZ776
Remote only
PCMCIA
ActivIdentity
ActivIdentity
PCMCIA Reader
Remote only
PCMCIA
SCM
Microsystems
SCR243
Remote only
Appendix A: Specifications
Note: SCM Microsystems SCR331 smart card readers must be using
SCM Microsystems firmware v5.25.
Unsupported Smart Card Readers
This table contains a list of readers that Raritan has tested and found not
to work with the Raritan device, therefore they are unsupported. If a
smart card reader does not appear in the supported smart card readers
table or in the unsupported smart card readers table, Raritan cannot
guarantee it will function with the device.
Type
Vendor
®
Model
Notes
USB Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
HP
ED707A
No interrupt endpoint
=> not compatible with
Microsoft® driver
USB Keyboard/Card
reader Combo
SCM
Microsystems
SCR338
Proprietary card
reader implementation
(not CCID-compliant)
USB Token
Aladdin®
eToken
PRO™
Proprietary
implementation
Smart Card Minimum System Requirements
Local Port Requirements
The basic interoperability requirement for local port attachment to the KX
II is:

All devices (smart card reader or token) that are locally attached
must be USB CCID-compliant.
317
Appendix A: Specifications
Target Server Requirements
When using smart card readers, the basic requirements for
interoperability at the target server are:

The IFD (smart card reader) Handler must be a standard USB CCID
device driver (comparable to the generic Microsoft® USB CCID
driver).

A digital CIM or D2CIM-DVUSB (Dual-VM CIM) is required and must
be using firmware version 3A6E or later.

Blade chassis server connections, where a CIM per blade is used,
are supported.

Blade chassis server connections, where a CIM per chassis is used,
is only supported for IBM® BladeCenter® models H and E with autodiscovery enabled.
Windows XP Targets
Windows XP® operating system targets must be running Windows XP
SP3 in order to use smart cards with the KX II. If you are working with
.NET 3.5 in a Windows XP environment on the target server, you must
be using SP1.
Linux Targets
If you are using a Linux® target, the following requirements must be met
to use smart card readers with the Raritan device.

CCID Requirements
If the Raritan D2CIM-DVUSB VM/CCID is not recognized as a smart
card reader by your Linux target, you may need to update the CCID
driver version to 1.3.8 or above and update the driver configuration
file (Info.plist).
Operating system
CCID requirements
RHEL 5
ccid-1.3.8-1.el5
SuSE 11
pcsc-ccid-1.3.8-3.12
®
Fedora Core 10
318
ccid-1.3.8-1.fc10.i386
Appendix A: Specifications
Remote Client Requirements
The basic requirements for interoperability at the remote client are:

The IFD (smart card reader) Handler must be a PC/SC compliant
device driver.

The ICC (smart card) Resource Manager must be available and be
PC/SC compliant.

The JRE™ 1.6.x with smart card API must be available for use by the
Raritan client application.
Linux Clients
If you are using a Linux® client, the following requirements must be met
to use smart card readers with the Raritan device.
Note: User login to client, on smart card insertion, may take longer when
1 or more KVM sessions are actively in place to targets. As the login
process to these targets is also under way.

PC/SC Requirements
Operating system
RHEL 5
Required PC/SC
pcsc-lite-1.4.4-0.1.el5
SuSE 11
pcsc-lite-1.4.102-1.24
®
Fedora Core 10

pcsc-lite-1.4.102.3.fc10.i386
Create a Java™ Library Link
A soft link must be created to the libpcsclite.so after upgrading RHEL
4, RHEL 5 and FC 10. For example, ln –s /usr/lib/libpcsclite.so.1
/usr/lib/libpcsclite.so, assuming installing the package places the
libraries in /usr/lib or /user/local/lib.

PC/SC Daemon
When the pcsc daemon (resource manager in framework) is
restarted, restart the browser and MPC, too.
Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video Resolutions
In order to maintain video quality, Raritan recommends using the
following cable lengths and video resolutions when you are connecting to
Dell® blade chassis from the KX II:
Cable length
Video resolution
50 ft.
1024x768x60
50 ft.
1280x1024x60
319
Appendix A: Specifications
Cable length
Video resolution
30 ft.
1600x1200x60
Audio
Supported Audio Device Formats
The KX II supports one playback and capture device and one record
device on a target at a time. The following audio device formats are
supported:

Stereo, 16 bit, 44.1K

Mono, 16 bit, 44.1K

Stereo, 16 bit, 22.05K

Mono, 16 bit, 22.05K

Stereo, 16 bit, 11.025K

Mono, 16 bit, 11.025K
Audio Playback and Capture Recommendations and Requirements
Audio Level
Set the target audio level to a mid-range setting. For example, on a
Windows® client, set the audio to 50 or lower. This setting must be
configured through the playback or capture audio device, not from the
client audio device control.
Recommendations for Audio Connections when PC Share Mode is Enabled
If you are using the audio feature while running PC Share mode, audio
playback and capture are interrupted if an additional audio device is
connected to the target.
For example, User A connects a playback device to Target1 and runs an
audio playback application then User B connects a capture device to the
same target. User A's playback session is interrupted and the audio
application may need to be restarted.
The interruption occurs because the USB device needs to be reenumerated with the new device configuration. It may take some time for
the target to install a driver for the new device. Audio applications may
stop playback completely, go to the next track, or just continue playing.
The exact behavior is dependent on how the audio application is
designed to handle a disconnect/reconnect event.
320
Appendix A: Specifications
Bandwidth Requirements
The table below details the audio playback and capture bandwidth
requirements to transport audio under each of the selected formats.
Audio format
44.1 KHz, 16bit stereo
Network bandwidth requirement
176 KB/s
44.1 KHz, 16bit mono
88.2 KB/s
2.05 KHz, 16bit stereo
88.2 KB/s
22.05 KHz, 16bit mono
44.1 KB/s
11.025 KHz, 16bit stereo
44.1 KB/s
11.025 KHz, 16bit mono
Audio 22.05 KB/s
In practice, the bandwidth used when an audio device connects to a
target is higher due to the keyboard and video data consumed when
opening and using an audio application on the target.
A general recommendation is to have at least a 1.5MB connection before
running playback and capture. However, high video-content, full-color
connections using high-target screen resolutions consume much more
bandwidth and impact the quality of the audio considerably. To help
mitigate quality degeneration, there are a number of recommended client
settings that reduce the impact of video on audio quality at lower
bandwidths:

Connect audio playback at the lower quality formats. The impact of
video consuming bandwidth is much less notable at 11k connections
than at 44k

Set the connection speed under Connection Properties to a value
that best matches the client to server connection

Under Connection Properties, set the color depth to as lowt value as
possible. Reducing the color depth to 8 bit color considerably
reduces the bandwidth consumed

Set Smoothing, to High. This will improve the appearance of the
target video by reducing displayed video noise

Under Video settings, set the Noise Filter to its highest setting of 7
(highest value) so less bandwidth is used for target screen changes
321
Appendix A: Specifications
Number of Supported Audio/Virtual Media and Smartcard Connections
Following are the number of simultaneous Audio/Virtual Media and
Smartcard connections that can be made from a client to a target:

1 smartcard

1 virtual media

1 Smartcard and 1 virtual media

2 virtual media

USRobotics® 56K 5686E

ZOOM® v90

ZOOM v92

USRobotics Sportster® 56K

USRobotics Courier™ 56K
Certified Modems
Devices Supported by the Extended Local Port
The extended local port supports attachment from the following devices:

Paragon II User Station (P2-UST) connected directly to extended
local port

Paragon II Enhanced User Station (P2-EUST) connected directly to
extended local port

Cat5Reach URKVMG Receiver connected directly to extended local
port

Paragon II analog KVM switch (UMT) target port connected to
extended local port. Provides furthest possible access to extended
local port, when used together with the Paragon II Enhanced User
Station.
KX2 8xx Extended Local Port Recommended Maximum Distances
Extended device
1024x768, 60 Hz
1280x1024, 60 Hz
Paragon II UMT using
EUST
1000
900
Paragon EUST
500
400
URKVM
650
250
Paragon UST
500
200
322
Appendix A: Specifications
Supported Remote Connections
Remote
connection
Details
Network
10BASE-T, 100BASE-T, and 1000BASE-T (Gigabit)
Ethernet
Protocols
TCP/IP, UDP, SNTP, HTTP, HTTPS, RADIUS,
LDAP/LDAPS
Supported Keyboard Languages
The KX II provides keyboard support for the languages listed in the
following table.
Note: You can use the keyboard for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean for
display only; local language input is not supported at this time for the KX
II Local Console functions. For more information about non-US
keyboards, see Informational Notes (on page 349).
Note: Raritan strongly recommends that you use system-config-keyboard
to change languages if you are working in a Linux environment.
Language
Regions
Keyboard layout
US English
United States of America and
most of English-speaking
countries: for example, Canada,
Australia, and New Zealand.
US Keyboard layout
US English
International
United States of America and
most of English-speaking
countries: for example,
Netherlands
US Keyboard layout
UK English
United Kingdom
UK layout keyboard
Chinese
Traditional
Hong Kong S. A. R., Republic of
China (Taiwan)
Chinese Traditional
Chinese
Simplified
Mainland of the People’s
Republic of China
Chinese Simplified
Korean
South Korea
Dubeolsik Hangul
Japanese
Japan
JIS Keyboard
323
Appendix A: Specifications
Language
Regions
Keyboard layout
French
France
French (AZERTY)
layout keyboard.
German
Germany and Austria
German keyboard
(QWERTZ layout)
French
Belgium
Belgian
Norwegian
Norway
Norwegian
Danish
Denmark
Danish
Swedish
Sweden
Swedish
Hungarian
Hungary
Hungarian
Slovenian
Slovenia
Slovenian
Italian
Italy
Italian
Spanish
Spain and most Spanish
speaking countries
Spanish
Portuguese
Portugal
Portuguese
TCP and UDP Ports Used
324
Appendix A: Specifications
Port
Description
HTTP, Port 80
This port can be configured as needed. See HTTP and HTTPS Port
Settings (on page 162). By default, all requests received by the KX II
via HTTP (port 80) are automatically forwarded to HTTPS for complete
security. The KX II responds to Port 80 for user convenience, relieving
users from having to explicitly type in the URL field to access the KX II,
while still preserving complete security.
HTTPS, Port 443
This port can be configured as needed. See HTTP and HTTPS Port
Settings (on page 162). By default, this port is used for multiple
purposes, including the web server for the HTML client, the download
of client software (MPC/VKC) onto the client's host, and the transfer of
KVM and virtual media data streams to the client.
KX II (Raritan KVMover-IP) Protocol,
Configurable Port
5000
This port is used to discover other Dominion devices and for
communication between Raritan devices and systems, including CCSG for devices that CC-SG management is available. By default, this is
set to Port 5000, but you may configure it to use any TCP port not
currently in use. For details on how to configure this setting, see
Network Settings (on page 157).
SNTP (Time Server) The KX II offers the optional capability to synchronize its internal clock
on Configurable
to a central time server. This function requires the use of UDP Port 123
UDP Port 123
(the standard for SNTP), but can also be configured to use any port of
your designation. Optional
LDAP/LDAPS on
Configurable Ports
389 or 636
If the KX II is configured to remotely authenticate user logons via the
LDAP/LDAPS protocol, ports 389 or 636 will be used, but the system
can also be configured to use any port of your designation. Optional
RADIUS on
Configurable Port
1812
If the KX II is configured to remotely authenticate user logons via the
RADIUS protocol, either port 1812 will be used, but the system can also
be configured to use any port of your designation. Optional
RADIUS Accounting If the KX II is configured to remotely authenticate user logons via the
on Configurable Port RADIUS protocol, and also employs RADIUS accounting for event
1813
logging, port 1813 or an additional port of your designation will be used
to transfer log notifications.
SYSLOG on
Configurable UDP
Port 514
If the KX II is configured to send messages to a Syslog server, then the
indicated port(s) will be used for communication - uses UDP Port 514.
SNMP Default UDP
Ports
Port 161 is used for inbound/outbound read/write SNMP access and
port 162 is used for outbound traffic for SNMP traps. Optional
TCP Port 21
Port 21 is used for the KX II command line interface (when you are
working with Raritan Technical Support).
325
Appendix A: Specifications
Events Captured in the Audit Log and Syslog
Following is a list and description of the events that are captured by the
KX II audit log and syslog:

Access Login - A user has logged in to the KX II

Access Logout - A user has logged out of the KX II

Active USB Profile - The USB profile is active

CIM Connected - A CIM was connected

CIM Disconnected - A CIM was disconnected

Connection Lost - The connection to the target was lost

Disconnected User - A user was disconnected from a port

End CC Control - CC-SG management ended

Login Failed - User login failed

Password Changed - Password change occurred

Port Connect - Port was connected

Port Disconnect - Port was disconnected

Port Status Change - Change in the port status

Scan Started - A target scan was started

Scan Stopped - A target scan was stopped

Session Timeout - A session timeout occurred

VM Image Connected - A VM image was connected

VM Image Disconnected - A VM image was disconnected
Network Speed Settings
KX II network speed setting
Network
switch port
setting
Auto
1000/Full
100/Full
326
Auto
Highest
Available
Speed
1000/Full
1000/Full
100/Full
KX II:
100/Full
100/Half
100/Half
1000/Full
1000/Full
No
No
No
No
Communica Communicat Communica Communicat
tion
ion
tion
ion
KX II:
100/Half
KX II:
100/Half
100/Full
Switch:
Switch:
Switch:
100/Half
10/Full
KX II:
10/Full
10/Half
10/Half
Switch:
10/Half
KX II:
100/Half
Switch:
No
No
Communica Communicat
tion
ion
Appendix A: Specifications
KX II network speed setting
100/Full
100/Full
100/Half
100/Half
100/Half
100/Full
KX II:
100/Full
Switch:
100/Half
10/Full
KX II:
10/Half
Switch:
10/Full
10/Half
10/Half
100/Half
No
No
Communica Communicat
tion
ion
No
No
No
10/Full
Communica Communica Communicat
tion
tion
ion
KX II:
10/Half
No
No
No
KX II:
Communica Communica Communicat 10/Full
tion
tion
ion
Switch:
10/Half
10/Half
Switch:
10/Full
Legend:
Does not function as expected
Supported
Functions; not recommended
NOT supported by Ethernet specification; product will
communicate, but collisions will occur
Per Ethernet specification, these should be “no
communication,” however, note that the KX II behavior
deviates from expected behavior
Note: For reliable network communication, configure the KX II and the
LAN switch to the same LAN Interface Speed and Duplex. For example,
configure both the KX II and LAN Switch to Autodetect (recommended)
or set both to a fixed speed/duplex such as 100MB/s/Full.
327
Appendix B Dual Video Port Groups
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................328
Example Dual Port Video Group Configuration .....................................329
Recommendations for Dual Port Video .................................................334
Supported Mouse Modes ......................................................................334
CIMs Required for Dual Video Support .................................................335
Dual Port Video Group Usability Notes .................................................335
Permissions and Dual Video Port Group Access ..................................336
Raritan Client Navigation when Using Dual Video Port Groups............337
Direct Port Access and Dual Port Video Groups ...................................337
Dual Port Video Groups Displayed on the Ports Page ..........................337
Overview
Servers with dual video cards can be remotely accessed with an
extended desktop configuration, which is available to remote users. This
is done by creating dual port video groups.
Extended desktop configurations allow you to view the target server
desktop across two monitors vs. the standard single monitor view. Once
a dual port video group is selected, all port channels in that group open
simultaneously. See Creating a Dual Video Port Group (on page 232)
for information on creating dual port video groups.
Review the information in this section for important information regarding
dual port video groups.
Note: Dual port video groups are not supported by KX II models with only
one KVM channel such as the KX2-108 and KX2-116.
328
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Example Dual Port Video Group Configuration
The following steps are provided as a general example. Your
configuration may vary in the type of CIMs used, the port you designate
as the primary port, the KX II ports you are connecting to and so on.
In this example, we are using:

A target server with two video ports

Target server video port 1 as the primary port, and target server
video port 2 as the secondary port

A KX II-832 device

A D2CIM-DVUSB-DP CIMs

A target server and remote client running the Microsoft® Windows 7®
operating system

Intelligent mouse mode

An extended desktop view on the target server and remote client, so
we are configuring the KX II to support a "Horizontal - Primary (Left),
Secondary (Right)" display orientation
Diagram key
Target server
Digital CIMs
329
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Diagram key
KX II
Remote client
Connection from the target's first video port to the KX II
Connection from the target's second video port to the KX II
IP connection between the KX II and remote client
Creation of dual video port groups in KX II
Launching the dual video port group
Primary port display (defined on the Port Group
Management page in KX II)
Secondary port display (defined on the Port Group
Management page in KX II)
Step 1: Configure the Target Server Display
The orientation setting configured on the KX II for the target must match
the actual configuration on the target operating system. It is
recommended when possible that the connecting client has the same
screen orientation.
Review Dual Video Port Group Display Orientation, Alignment and
Mouse Modes for information display orientations and mouse modes.
Note: See your target server or operating system user documentation for
exact steps on configuring display settings.
To configure target server display and mouse settings:
1. At the target server, configure the target server display orientation for
each video port to match the display orientation of your remote client.
For example, if you are using an extended desktop orientation
moving from left-to-right across two monitors at the remote client, set
the target server display orientation to the same.
2. Ensure that your target server's video has already been set to a
supported resolution and refresh rate. See Supported Video
Resolutions (on page 305).
330
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Note: If the target primary and secondary displays are set to different
resolutions the mouse will not stay in sync and will need to be
periodically re-synced from the top-left target window.
Step 2: Connect the Target Server to the KX II
Dual port video groups can be created from existing port connections, or
new port connections. The steps provided here assume you are creating
new connections. If you are creating a dual port video group from
existing connections, see Step 4: Create the Dual Video Port Group
(on page 332).
To connect the equipment:
1. Install and power up your target server per the manufacturer's
instructions if you have not already done so.
2. Attach each CIM's video connector to each of the target's video
output ports, and connect the USB cables to available USB ports on
the target.
3. Connect each CIM to the KX II using a CAT5/6 cable.
4. If you have not already done so, connect the KX II to an AC power
source using the provided power cable, connect to the KX II network
port and local port (if needed), and configure the KX II. See Getting
Started (on page 18) for the steps needed to begin using the KX II.
5. Log in to to your KX II from any workstation with network connectivity
that has Microsoft .NET® and/or Java Runtime Environment® installed
(JRE® is available on the Java website http://java.sun.com/).
6. Launch a supported web browser such as Internet Explorer® or
Firefox®.
7. Enter the URL: http://IP-ADDRESS or http://IP-ADDRESS/akc for
.NET, where IP-ADDRESS is the IP address assigned to your KX II.
You can also use https, the DNS name of the KX II assigned by the
administrator (provided that a DNS server has been configured), or
type the IP address in the browser (KX II always redirects the IP
address from HTTP to HTTPS.)
8. Enter your username and password. Click Login.
9. Configure the target server mouse mode.
For example, set the target server to use Intelligent mouse mode if
you are using Intelligent mouse mode on your remote client. See
Mouse Settings (on page 18) for the mouse mode settings that
should be applied based on the operating system you are using.
331
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Step 3: Configure the Mouse Mode and Ports
Once you have connected the target server to the KX II through the
target server video ports, the KX II detects the connection and displays
the ports on the Port Configuration page. See Configuring Standard
Target Servers (on page 186) for instructions.
After the ports are configured, they can be grouped in a dual video port
group.
Note: Existing ports do not have to be configured if you have already
done so. See Creating a Dual Video Port Group (on page 232) for
information on creating dual video port groups.
Configure the target server mouse mode after you connect to the target.
For example, set the target server to use Intelligent mouse mode if you
are using Intelligent mouse mode on your remote client. See Mouse
Settings (on page 18) for the mouse mode settings that should be
applied based on the operating system you are using.
Step 4: Create the Dual Video Port Group
See Creating a Dual Video Port Group (on page 232).
332
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Step 5: Launch a Dual Port Video Group
Once you have created the dual video port group, it is available on the
Port Access page. Two KVM channels are required to remotely connect
to the dual video port group by clicking primary port. If two channels are
not available, the Connect link is not displayed.
Session timeouts that are configured on the KX II are applied to both
ports of a dual video group.
To launch a dual port group:

On the Port Access page, click on the primary port name, then click
Connect. Both connections are launched at once and displayed in
two different windows.
Once the windows are displayed, they can be moved based on the
display setup you are using. For example, if you are using extended
desktop mode, the port windows can be moved between monitors.
333
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Recommendations for Dual Port Video
Set the target server’s primary and secondary displays to the same video
resolution in order to maintain mouse synchronization and minimize
having to periodically resync.
Depending on the desired orientation, the top display (vertical
orientation) or left display (horizontal orientation) should be the
designated primary display. This display will provide active menu
selection for virtual media, audio, smart card and mouse operations.
In order to provide intuitive mouse movement and control, the following
should have the same display orientation: the client PC’s primary and
secondary displays, the KX II’s dual video port group configuration, and
target server’s primary and secondary displays.
Only the following Client Launch Settings will be applied to dual port
video displays:

Select standard display or full screen Window mode when launching
KVM client.

Enable video scaling.

Enable pinning menu toolbar when in full screen mode.
The use of single mouse mode is not recommended when displaying
dual video ports in full screen mode on a single client monitor. This will
require exiting single mouse mode in order to access and view the other
display.
Supported Mouse Modes
Target operating
systems
All Windows®
operating systems
Supported mouse
modes
Intelligent, Standard
and Single Mouse
Modes
Comments
If ‘Strech’ mode is supported
by the target server video
card, Absolute mouse mode
will operate correctly.
Stretch mode is where the
target server manages the
dual display as a single
contiguous virtual display. In
contrast the target server will
consider the displays as two
independent displays when
configured in Extended mode.
For Extended mode, intelligent
334
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Target operating
systems
Supported mouse
modes
Comments
mouse mode is recommended.
Linux®
Intelligent and
Standard Mouse
Modes
Linux® VKC/MPC users may
experience display and mouse
movement issues using single
mouse mode. Raritan
recommends Linux users do
not use single mouse mode.
Mac® operating
system
Single Mouse Mode
Mouse does not synch on Mac
dual video port targets.
CIMs Required for Dual Video Support
The following digital CIMs support the dual video port feature:

D2CIM-VUSB

D2CIM-DVUSB

D2CIM-DVUSB-DVI

D2CIM-DVUSB-DP

D2CIM-DVUSB-HDMI

DCIM-USBG2
Review Digital CIM Target Server Timing and Video Resolution (on
page 310) for important information regarding digital CIMs. See
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs) Specifications (on
page 307) for CIM specifications.
If the original CIM attached to a primary or secondary video port is
disconnected and replaced with another CIM, the port is removed from
the dual port video group. If needed, re-add the port to the group.
Note: The CIM you use depends on your target server requirements.
Dual Port Video Group Usability Notes
Following are various functions that are affected when using the dual
port video group feature.

Client Launch Settings that are configured in the VKC, AKC and
MPC clients via Tools > Options > Client Launch Settings will be
applied to dual video port groups as follows:

Window Mode settings will be applied

Monitor settings will NOT be applied. Instead the Port Group
Management configured 'Display Orientation' will be applied.
335
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups

Other - Enable Single Mouse Cursor setting will NOT be applied

Other - Enable Scale Video setting will be applied

Other - Pin Menu Toolbar setting will be applied

Dragging and moving items between windows on the primary and
secondary target requires a release and press of the mouse button
as the item is moved from one window to the other.

On Linux® and Mac® target servers, when Caps Scroll, and Num Lock
is turned on, the Caps Lock indicator in the status bar of the primary
port window is displayed, but the indicator may not be displayed in
the status bar of the secondary port window.

MPC menus may not be enabled when dual port targets are opened
in full screen mode. To enable the menus, switch to the other port
windows and then switch back to the original port window.
Permissions and Dual Video Port Group Access
Ideally, the permissions applied to each port in the port group should be
the same. If they are not, the permissions of the port with the most
restrictive permissions are applied to the port group.
For example, if VM Access Deny is applied to one port and VM Access
Read-Write is applied to another port, VM Access Deny is applied to the
port group.
If a user does not have the appropriate permissions to access a port that
is part of a dual video port group, only the port that they do have
permissions to access is displayed. If a user does not have permissions
to access either port, access is denied.
A message indicating that the port is either not available or the user does
not have permission to access the port is displayed when they try to
access it.
336
Appendix B: Dual Video Port Groups
Raritan Client Navigation when Using Dual Video Port Groups
Navigation
When using full screen mode in the clients, switch between ports by:

VKC
Pressing Alt+Tab
For Mac® clients, pressing F3, then selecting the port dispaly

AKC
Clicking your mouse outside the display window, then pressing
Alt+Tab

MPC
Selecting ports from the 'Connected server(s)' toolbar
Direct Port Access and Dual Port Video Groups
Direct port access allows users to bypass having to use the device's
Login dialog and Port Access page. This feature also provides the ability
to enter a username and password directly and proceed to the target if
the username and password is not contained in the URL.
If you are accessing a target that is part of a dual port video group, direct
port access uses the primary port to launch both the primary and
secondary ports. Direct port connections to the secondary port are
denied, and usual permission rules apply. See Creating a Dual Video
Port Group (on page 232) for information on the dual port video group
feature. See Enabling Direct Port Access via URL (on page 168) for
information on direct port access.
Dual Port Video Groups Displayed on the Ports Page
Note: The dual video primary port is defined when the port group is
created.
Note: Two KVM channels are required to remotely connect to the dual
video port group by clicking primary port. If two channels are not
available, the Connect link is not displayed.
For dual video port groups, the primary port is included in a port scan,
but the secondary port is not included when connecting from a remote
client. Both ports can be included in the scan from the Local Port.
See Port Access Page (Remote Console Display) (on page 51) for
more information on what is displayed on the Ports page, and see
Scanning Ports (on page 56) for information on performing scans.
337
Appendix C Using KX II to Access Paragon II
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................338
Connecting the Paragon II to the KX II ..................................................339
Overview
If you do not have the P2SC device, you can connect the Paragon II
system to a KX II device that is managed by CC-SG so that Paragon II is
accessible from CC-SG. For complete compatibility, it is recommended
that the KX II device connected to Paragon II is running version 2.1 or
later.
Note: Paragon II can also be accessed remotely over IP through the P2USTIP. However, P2-USTIP does not support integration with
authentication/authorization platforms (AA), such as LDAP or Active
Directory. The KX II does support these and other AA platforms.
This diagram indicates the configuration integrating KX II.
The Paragon II system involving Paragon switches,
servers and user stations
338
Appendix C: Using KX II to Access Paragon II
The user station with DCIM-USB-G2 or DCIM-PS2
attached
KX II
When you access the Paragon system from KX II or CC-SG (if the KX II
is managed by CC-SG), the Paragon OSUI login screen appears for you
to log in.
In this integration, you can perform any OSUI functions implemented with
current Paragon firmware or any KX II function implemented with current
KX II firmware except for the virtual media feature.
When accessing the Paragon OSUI through KX II, DO NOT attempt to
synchronize the mouse manually. A mouse is not necessary on the OSUI
screen and mouse synchronization will delay the keyboard response for
seconds.
See Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations (on page 311) for
additional information.
Connecting the Paragon II to the KX II
To connect the Paragon II system to KX II:
1. Check whether the user station that you want to connect to KX II is
implemented with version 4.6 firmware or later. If not, upgrade it. See
Firmware Upgrade for upgrade instructions. The user station can be
one of these:

P2-UST

P2-EUST

P2-EUST/C
2. Connect a compatible DCIM to this user station. If the system is a
two- or three-tier system, ensure the user station is one of those
connected to the Base Unit (first tier).
Only two types of DCIMs are supported in this integration:

If using DCIM-USB-G2, plug its connectors into the USB and
video ports on the user station.

If using DCIM-PS2, plug its connectors into the PS/2 and video
ports on the user station.
3. Connect the user station to a KX II device via a Cat5 UTP cable up
to 150 feet (45 m).

Plug one end of the cable to the DCIM's RJ-45 port and the other
end to one of the channel ports on the KX II device.
4. If you want to have more paths to access the same Paragon II
system in KX II or CC-SG, repeat Steps 1 to 3 to connect additional
user stations to KX II.
339
Appendix C: Using KX II to Access Paragon II
340
Appendix D Updating the LDAP Schema
Note: The procedures in this chapter should be attempted only by
experienced users.
In This Chapter
Returning User Group Information ........................................................341
Setting the Registry to Permit Write Operations to the Schema ...........342
Creating a New Attribute .......................................................................342
Adding Attributes to the Class ...............................................................343
Updating the Schema Cache.................................................................345
Editing rciusergroup Attributes for User Members ................................345
Returning User Group Information
Use the information in this section to return User Group information (and
assist with authorization) once authentication is successful.
From LDAP/LDAPS
When an LDAP/LDAPS authentication is successful, the KX II
determines the permissions for a given user based on the permissions of
the user's group. Your remote LDAP server can provide these user group
names by returning an attribute named as follows:
rciusergroup
attribute type: string
This may require a schema extension on your LDAP/LDAPS server.
Consult your authentication server administrator to enable this attribute.
In addition, for Microsoft® Active Directory®, the standard LDAP
memberOf is used.
From Microsoft Active Directory
Note: This should be attempted only by an experienced Active Directory®
administrator.
Returning user group information from Microsoft's® Active Directory for
Windows 2000® operating system server requires updating the
LDAP/LDAPS schema. See your Microsoft documentation for details.
1. Install the schema plug-in for Active Directory. See Microsoft Active
Directory documentation for instructions.
2. Run Active Directory Console and select Active Directory Schema.
341
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
Setting the Registry to Permit Write Operations to the Schema
To allow a domain controller to write to the schema, you must set a
registry entry that permits schema updates.
To permit write operations to the schema:
1. Right-click the Active Directory® Schema root node in the left pane of
the window and then click Operations Master. The Change Schema
Master dialog appears.
2. Select the "Schema can be modified on this Domain Controller"
checkbox. Optional
3. Click OK.
Creating a New Attribute
To create new attributes for the rciusergroup class:
1. Click the + symbol before Active Directory® Schema in the left pane
of the window.
2. Right-click Attributes in the left pane.
342
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
3. Click New and then choose Attribute. When the warning message
appears, click Continue and the Create New Attribute dialog
appears.
4. Type rciusergroup in the Common Name field.
5. Type rciusergroup in the LDAP Display Name field.
6. Type 1.3.6.1.4.1.13742.50 in the Unique x5000 Object ID field.
7. Type a meaningful description in the Description field.
8. Click the Syntax drop-down arrow and choose Case Insensitive
String from the list.
9. Type 1 in the Minimum field.
10. Type 24 in the Maximum field.
11. Click OK to create the new attribute.
Adding Attributes to the Class
To add attributes to the class:
1. Click Classes in the left pane of the window.
343
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
2. Scroll to the user class in the right pane and right-click it.
3. Choose Properties from the menu. The user Properties dialog
appears.
4. Click the Attributes tab to open it.
5. Click Add.
344
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
6. Choose rciusergroup from the Select Schema Object list.
7. Click OK in the Select Schema Object dialog.
8. Click OK in the User Properties dialog.
Updating the Schema Cache
To update the schema cache:
1. Right-click Active Directory® Schema in the left pane of the window
and select Reload the Schema.
2. Minimize the Active Directory Schema MMC (Microsoft®
Management Console) console.
Editing rciusergroup Attributes for User Members
To run the Active Directory® script on a Windows 2003® server, use the
script provided by Microsoft® (available on the Windows 2003 server
installation CD). These scripts are loaded onto your system with a
Microsoft® Windows 2003 installation. ADSI (Active Directory Service
Interface) acts as a low-level editor for Active Directory, allowing you to
perform common administrative tasks such as adding, deleting, and
moving objects with a directory service.
To edit the individual user attributes within the group
rciusergroup:
1. From the installation CD, choose Support > Tools.
2. Double-click SUPTOOLS.MSI to install the support tools.
345
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
3. Go to the directory where the support tools were installed. Run
adsiedit.msc. The ADSI Edit window opens.
4. Open the Domain.
346
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
5. In the left pane of the window, select the CN=Users folder.
6. Locate the user name whose properties you want to adjust in the
right pane. Right-click the user name and select Properties.
347
Appendix D: Updating the LDAP Schema
7. Click the Attribute Editor tab if it is not already open. Choose
rciusergroup from the Attributes list.
8. Click Edit. The String Attribute Editor dialog appears.
9. Type the user group (created in the KX II) in the Edit Attribute field.
Click OK.
348
Appendix E Informational Notes
In This Chapter
Overview ................................................................................................349
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) .........................................................349
IPv6 Support Notes ...............................................................................350
Dual Stack Login Performance Issues ..................................................351
Mac Notes..............................................................................................351
Keyboards .............................................................................................353
Fedora ...................................................................................................356
Video Modes and Resolutions ...............................................................357
Audio......................................................................................................358
USB Ports and Profiles ..........................................................................359
Virtual Media ..........................................................................................362
CIMs ......................................................................................................364
CC-SG ...................................................................................................365
Overview
This section includes important notes on KX II usage. Future updates will
be documented and available online through the Help link in the KX II
Remote Console interface.
Note: Some topics in this section reference other multiple Raritan
devices because various devices are impacted by the information.
Java Runtime Environment (JRE)
Important: It is recommended that you disable Java™ caching and
clear the Java cache. Please refer to your Java documentation or
the KVM and Serial Access Clients Guide for more information.
The LX, KX II, KX II-101 and KX II-101-V2 Remote Console and MPC
require the Java Runtime Environment™ (JRE™) to function since the
Remote Console checks the Java version. If the version is incorrect or
outdated, you will be prompted to download a compatible version.
Raritan recommends using JRE version 1.6 for optimum performance,
but the Remote Console and MPC will function with JRE version 1.6.x
and later with the exception of 1.6.2.
Note: In order for multi-language keyboards to work in the LX, KX II, KX
II-101 and KX II-101-V2 Remote Console (Virtual KVM Client), install the
multi-language version of JRE.
349
Appendix E: Informational Notes
IPv6 Support Notes
IPv6 Support Notes
Java
Java™ 1.6 supports IPv6 for the following:

Solaris™ 10 (and later)

Linux® kernel 2.1.2 (and later)/RedHat 6.1 (and later)
Java 5.0 and above supports the IPv6 for the following:

Solaris 10 (and later)

Linux kernel 2.1.2 (and later), kernel 2.4.0 (and later) recommended
for better IPv6 support

Windows XP® SP1 and Windows 2003®, Windows Vista® operating
systems
The following IPv6 configurations are not supported by Java:

J2SE 1.4 does not support IPv6 on Microsoft® Windows®.
Linux

It is recommended that Linux kernel 2.4.0 or higher is used when
using IPv6.

An IPv6-enabled kernel will need to be installed or the kernel will
need to be rebuilt with IPv6 options enabled.

Several network utilities will also need to be installed for Linux when
using IPv6. For detailed information, refer to
http://www.bieringer.de/linux/IPv6/IPv6-HOWTO/IPv6-HOWTO.html
Windows

Windows XP and Windows 2003 users will need to install the
Microsoft IPv6 service pack to enable IPv6.

For AKC with IPv6 on Windows XP, add the executable kxgui.exe to
your firewall exception list. View your log file on the client to identify
the full path for the location of the file kxgui.exe.
Mac Leopard

IPv6 is not supported in KX II version 2.0.20 for Mac® Leopard®.
Samba

350
IPv6 is not supported for use with virtual media when using Samba.
Appendix E: Informational Notes
AKC Download Server Certification Validation IPv6 Support Notes
If you are connecting to a KX II standalone device and support for AKC
download server certificate validation is enabled, the valid IPv6 format to
generate the certificate is either:

CN =[fd07:02fa:6cff:2500:020d:5dff:fe00:01c0] when
there is a leading 0
or

CN =[fd07:02fa:6cff:2500:020d:5dff:0000:01c0] when
there is no zero compression
Dual Stack Login Performance Issues
If you are using the KX II in a dual stack configuration, it is important you
configured the domain system (DNS) correctly in the KX II in order to
avoid delays when logging in. See Tips for Adding a Web Browser
Interface (on page 207) for information on configuring your DNS in KX II.
Mac Notes
Mac Mini BIOS Keystroke Commands
The following BIOS commands have been tested on MAC® Mini target
servers attached to a KX II with D2CIM-DVUSB and D2CIM-VUSB CIMs.
Keystroke
Description
D2CIM-DVUSB D2CIM-VUSB
(5A89)
(4A7F)
Press D during
startup
Start up in Apple
Hardware Test (AHT)
Fails
Fails
Press OptionCommand-P-R until
you hear startup
sound a second time
Reset NVRAM
Works
Works
Press Option during
startup
Start up in Startup
Manager, where you can
select a Mac OS X
volume to start from.
Note: Press N to make
the the first bootable
Network volume appear
as well
Fails
Works
Press Eject, F12, or
hold the mouse or
trackpad button
mouse or trackpad button Works
Ejects any removable
media, such as an optical
disc
Works
351
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Keystroke
Description
D2CIM-DVUSB D2CIM-VUSB
(5A89)
(4A7F)
Press N during
startup
Attempt to start up from a Works
compatible network
server (NetBoot)
Works
Press T during
startup
Start up in Target Disk
Mode
Works
Works
Press Shift during
startup
Start up in Safe Boot
mode and temporarily
disable login items
Fails
Works
Press Command-V
during startup
Start up in Verbose mode Works
Works
Press Command-S
during startup
Start up in Single-User
mode
Works
Works
Press Option-N
during startup
Start from a NetBoot
server using the default
boot image
Works
Works
Press Command-R
during startup
Start from Lion
Recovery1
T
Launching MPC on Mac Lion Clients
If you are using Mac® Lion on your client, Raritan's Multi-Platform Client
(MPC) does not launch. Use the following workaround to launch MPC.
Delete the JavaApplicationStub from the install, and create a link from
the correct JavaApplicationStub.

rm /Applications/Raritan/Raritan Multi-Platform Client/<MPC
Version>/Raritan Multi-Platform
Client.app/Contents/MacOS/JavaApplicationStub

ln -s
/System/Library/Frameworks/JavaVM.framework/Resources/MacOS/
JavaApplicationStub /Applications/Raritan/Raritan Multi-Platform
Client/<MPC Version>/Raritan Multi-Platform
Client.app/Contents/MacOS/JavaApplicationStub
To run, use:

352
/Applications/Raritan/Raritan Multi-Platform Client/<MPC
Version>/Raritan Multi-Platform
Client.app/Contents/MacOS/JavaApplicationStub
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Keyboards
Non-US Keyboards
French Keyboard
Caret Symbol (Linux® Clients Only)
The Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client (MPC) do not
process the key combination of Alt Gr + 9 as the caret symbol (^) when
using French keyboards with Linux clients.
To obtain the caret symbol:
From a French keyboard, press the ^ key (to the right of the P key), then
immediately press the space bar.
Alternatively, create a macro consisting of the following commands:
1. Press Right Alt
2. Press 9.
3. Release 9.
4. Release Right Alt.
Note: These procedures do not apply to the circumflex accent (above
vowels). In all cases, the ^ key (to the right of the P key) works on French
keyboards to create the circumflex accent when used in combination with
another character.
Accent Symbol (Windows XP® Operating System Clients Only)
From the Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client, the key
combination of Alt Gr + 7 results in the accented character displaying
twice when using French keyboards with Windows XP clients.
Note: This does not occur with Linux clients.
Numeric Keypad
From the Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client, the numeric
keypad symbols display as follows when using a French keyboard:
Numeric keypad symbol
Displays as
/
;
.
;
353
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Tilde Symbol
From the Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client, the key
combination of Alt Gr + 2 does not produce the tilde (~) symbol when
using a French keyboard.
To obtain the tilde symbol:
Create a macro consisting of the following commands:

Press right Alt.

Press 2.

Release 2.

Release right Alt.
Keyboard Language Preference (Fedora Linux Clients)
Because the Sun™ JRE™ on Linux® has problems generating the correct
KeyEvents for foreign-language keyboards configured using System
Preferences, Raritan recommends that you configure foreign keyboards
using the methods described in the following table.
354
Language
Configuration method
US Intl
Default
UK
System Settings (Control Center)
French
Keyboard Indicator
German
Keyboard Indicator
Hungarian
System Settings (Control Center)
Spanish
System Settings (Control Center)
Swiss-German
System Settings (Control Center)
Norwegian
Keyboard Indicator
Swedish
Keyboard Indicator
Danish
Keyboard Indicator
Japanese
System Settings (Control Center)
Korean
System Settings (Control Center)
Slovenian
System Settings (Control Center)
Italian
System Settings (Control Center)
Portuguese
System Settings (Control Center)
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Note: The Keyboard Indicator should be used on Linux systems using
Gnome as a desktop environment.
When using a Hungarian keyboard from a Linux client, the Latin letter U
with Double Acute and the Latin letter O with Double Acute work only
with JRE 1.6.
There are several methods that can be used to set the keyboard
language preference on Fedora® Linux clients. The following method
must be used in order for the keys to be mapped correctly from the
Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client (MPC).
To set the keyboard language using System Settings:
1. From the toolbar, choose System > Preferences > Keyboard.
2. Open the Layouts tab.
3. Add or select the appropriate language.
4. Click Close.
To set the keyboard language using the Keyboard Indicator:
1. Right-click the Task Bar and choose Add to Panel.
2. In the Add to Panel dialog, right-click the Keyboard Indicator and
from the menu choose Open Keyboard Preferences.
3. In the Keyboard Preferences dialog, click the Layouts tab.
4. Add and remove languages as necessary.
Macintosh Keyboard
When a Macintosh® is used as the client, the following keys on the Mac®
keyboard are not captured by the Java™ Runtime Environment (JRE™):

F9

F10

F11

F14

F15

Volume Up

Volume Down

Mute

Eject
As a result, the Virtual KVM Client and the Multi-Platform Client (MPC)
are unable to process these keys from a Mac client's keyboard.
355
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Fedora
Resolving Fedora Core Focus
Using the Multi-Platform Client (MPC), occasionally there is an inability to
log in to an LX, KX II or KSX II device, or to access KVM target servers
(Windows®, SUSE, and so forth). In addition, the Ctrl+Alt+M key
combination may not bring up the Keyboard Shortcut menu. This
situation occurs with the following client configuration: Fedora® Core 6
and Firefox® 1.5 or 2.0.
Through testing, it has been determined that installation of libXp resolves
window focusing issues with Fedora Core 6. Raritan has tested with
libXp-1.0.0.8.i386.rpm; this resolved all of the keyboard focus and
popup-menu problems.
Note: libXp is also required for the SeaMonkey (formerly Mozilla®)
browser to work with the Java™ plug-in.
Mouse Pointer Synchronization (Fedora)
When connected in dual mouse mode to a target server running Fedora®
7, if the target and local mouse pointers lose synchronization, changing
the mouse mode from or to Intelligent or Standard may improve
synchronization. Single mouse mode may also provide for better control.
To resynchronize the mouse cursors:

Use the Synchronize Mouse option from the Virtual KVM Client.
VKC and MPC Smart Card Connections to Fedora Servers
If you are using a smart card to connect to a Fedora® server via MPC or
VKC upgrade the pcsc-lite library to 1.4.102-3 or above.
Note: This feature is available on the KSX II 2.3.0 (and later) and KX II
2.1.10 (and later).
Resolving Issues with Firefox Freezing when Using Fedora
If you are accessing Firefox® and are using a Fedora® server, Firefox
may freeze when it is opening. To resolve this issue, install the
libnpjp2.so Java™ plug-in on the server.
356
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Video Modes and Resolutions
SUSE/VESA Video Modes
The SuSE X.org configuration tool SaX2 generates video modes using
modeline entries in the X.org configuration file. These video modes do
not correspond exactly with VESA video mode timing (even when a
VESA monitor is selected). The KX II, on the other hand, relies on exact
VESA mode timing for proper synchronization. This disparity can result in
black borders, missing sections of the picture, and noise.
To configure the SUSE video display:
1. The generated configuration file /etc/X11/xorg.conf includes a
Monitor section with an option named UseModes. For example,
UseModes "Modes[0]"
2. Either comment out this line (using #) or delete it completely.
3. Restart the X server.
With this change, the internal video mode timing from the X server will be
used and will correspond exactly with the VESA video mode timing,
resulting in the proper video display on the KX II.
Supported Video Resolutions Not Displaying
When using a CIM, there are some video resolutions, as listed in
Supported Video Resolutions (on page 305), that may not be available
to you for selection by default.
To view all available video resolutions if they do not appear:
1. Plug the monitor in.
2. Next, unplug the monitor and plug in the CIM. All video resolutions
will not be available and can be used.
357
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Audio
Audio Playback and Capture Issues
Features that May Interrupt an Audio Connection
If you use any of the following features while connected to an audio
device, your audio connection may be interrupted. Raritan recommends
you do not use these features if you are connected to an audio device:

Video Auto-Sense

Extensive use of the local port

Adding users
Issues when Using a Capture Device and Playback Device
Simultaneously on a Target
On some targets, the simultaneous connection of capture devices and
playback devices may not work due to the USB hub controller and how it
manages the USB ports. Consider selecting an audio format that
requires less bandwidth.
If this does not resolve the issue, connect the D2CIM-DVUSB CIM's
keyboard and mouse connector to a different port on the target. If this
does not solve the problem, connect the device to a USB hub and
connect the hub to the target.
Audio in a Linux Environment
The following are known issues when using the audio feature in a Linux®
environment.
358

Linux® users, use the default audio device for playback. Sound may
not come through if a non-default sound card is selected.

SuSE 11 clients require Javas_1_6_0-sun-alsa (ALSA support for
java-1_6_0-sun) to be installed via YAST.

For Logitech headsets with a built in a mic, only the Mono Capture
option is available.

If you are running SUSE 11 and using an ALSA driver, log out of KX
II and then log back in in order to display the device. Additionally, if
you connect and disconnect the audio device a number of times, the
device may be listed several times vs. just once as it should.

Using the audio feature with a Fedora Core 13 target set to mono 16
bit, 44k may cause considerable interference during playback.
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Audio in a Mac Environment
Following are known issues in a Mac® environment.

On Mac clients, only one playback device is listed on the Connect
Audio panel when accessing the device through the Virtual KVM
Client (VKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC). The device listed is
the default and is displayed on the Connect Audio panel as Java
Sound Audio Engine.

Using audio on a Mac target through Skype® may cause the audio to
be corrupted.
Audio in a Windows Environment
On Windows® 64-bit clients, only one playback device is listed on the
Connect Audio panel when accessing the device through the Virtual
KVM Client (VKC) and Multi-Platform Client (MPC). The audio device is
the default device and is listed on the Connect Audio panel as Java
Sound Audio Engine.
USB Ports and Profiles
VM-CIMs and DL360 USB Ports
HP® DL360 servers have one USB port on the back of the device and
another on the front of the device. With the DL360, both ports cannot be
used at the same time. Therefore, a dual VM-CIM cannot be used on
DL360 servers.
However, as a workaround, a USB2 hub can be attached to the USB port
on the back of the device and a dual VM-CIM can be attached to the
hub.
Help for Choosing USB Profiles
When you are connected to a KVM target server via the Virtual KVM
Client (VKC), you can view information about USB profiles via the Help
on USB Profiles command on the USB Profile menu.
359
Appendix E: Informational Notes
USB profile help appears in the USB Profile Help window. For detailed
information about specific USB profiles, see Available USB Profiles (on
page 123).
Raritan provides a standard selection of USB configuration profiles for a
wide range of operating system and BIOS level server implementations.
These are intended to provide an optimal match between remote USB
device and target server configurations.
The ‘Generic’ profile meets the needs of most commonly deployed target
server configurations.
Additional profiles are made available to meet the specific needs of other
commonly deployed server configurations (for example, Linux®, Mac OSX®).
There are also a number of profiles (designated by platform name and
BIOS revision) that have been tailored to enhance the virtual media
function compatibility with the target server, for example, when operating
at the BIOS level.
‘Add Other Profiles’ provides access to other profiles available on the
system. Profiles selected from this list will be added to the USB Profile
Menu. This includes a set of ‘trouble-shooting’ profiles intended to help
identify configuration limitations.
The USB Profile Menu selections are configurable via the Console
Device Settings > Port Configuration page.
Should none of the standard USB profiles provided by Raritan meet your
target server requirements, Raritan Technical Support can work with you
to arrive at a solution tailored for that target. Raritan recommends that
you do the following:
1. Check the most recent release notes on the Raritan website
(www.raritan.com) on the Firmware Upgrade page to see if a solution
is already available for your configuration.
2. If not, please provide the following information when contacting
Raritan Technical Support:
a. Target server information, manufacturer, model, BIOS,
manufacturer, and version.
b. The intended use (e.g. redirecting an image to reload a server’s
operating system from CD).
360
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Changing a USB Profile when Using a Smart Card Reader
There may be certain circumstances under which you will need to
change the USB profile for a target server. For example, you may need
to change the connection speed to "Use Full Speed for Virtual Media
CIM" when the target has problems with the "High Speed USB"
connection speed.
When a profile is changed, you may receive a New Hardware Detected
message and be required to log in to the target with administrative
privileges to reinstall the USB driver. This is only likely to occur the first
few times the target sees the new settings for the USB device. Afterward,
the target will select the driver correctly.
Note: This feature is available with the KX II 2.4.0 (and later).
361
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Virtual Media
Virtual Media via VKC and AKC in a Windows Environment
Windows XP® operating system administrator and standard user
privileges vary from those of the Windows Vista® operating system and
the Windows 7® operating system.
When enabled in Vista or Windows 7, User Access Control (UAC)
provides the lowest level of rights and privileges a user needs for an
application. For example, a Run as Administrator option is provided for
Internet Explorer® for Administrator level tasks; otherwise these are not
be accessible even though the user has an Administrator login.
Both of these features affect the types of virtual media that can be
accessed by users via Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM Client
(AKC). See your Microsoft® help for additional information on these
features and how to use them.
Following is a list virtual media types users can access via VKC and AKC
when running in a Windows environment. The features are broken down
by client and the virtual media features that are accessible to each
Windows user role.
Windows XP
If you are running VKC and AKC in a Windows XP environment, users
must have Administrator privileges to access any virtual media type other
than CD-ROM connections, ISOs and ISO images.
Windows Vista and Windows 7
If you are running VKC and AKC in a Windows Vista or Windows 7
environment and UAC is enabled, the following virtual media types can
be accessed depending on the user's Windows role:
Client
Administrator
AKC and Access to:
VKC
 Fixed drives and fixed
drive partitions
362
Standard User
Access to:

Removable drives


CD/DVD drives
Removable drives


ISO images
CD/DVD drives


Remote ISO images
ISO images

Remote ISO images
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Virtual Media Not Refreshed After Files Added
After a virtual media drive has been mounted, if you add a file(s) to that
drive, those files may not be immediately visible on the target server.
Disconnect and then reconnect the virtual media connection.
Active System Partitions
You cannot mount active system partitions from a Mac or Linux client.
Linux Ext3/4 drive partitions need to be unmounted via umount
/dev/<device label> prior to a making a virtual media connection.
Drive Partitions
The following drive partition limitations exist across operating systems:

Windows and Mac targets are not able to read Linux formatted
partitions

Windows® and Linux® cannot read Mac formatted partitions

Only Windows Fat partitions are supported by Linux

Windows FAT and NTFS supported by Mac

Mac users must unmount any devices that are already mounted
in order to connect to a target server. Use >diskutil umount
/dev/disk1s1 to unmount the device and diskutil mount
/dev/disk1s1 to remount it.
Virtual Media Linux Drive Listed Twice
For KX II 2.4.0 (and later) and LX 2.4.5 (and later), users who are logged
in to Linux™ clients as root users, the drives are listed twice in the Local
Drive drop-down. For example, you will see eg /dev/sdc and eg
/dev/sdc1 where the first drive is the boot sector and the second drive is
the first partition on the disk.
Mac and Linux Locked, Mapped Drives
Mapped drives from Mac® and Linux® clients are not locked when
mounted onto connected targets. This applies only to KX II 2.4.0 (and
later) and LX 2.4.5 (and later), which provides support for Mac and Linux.
Accessing Virtual Media on a Windows 2000 Server Using a D2CIMVUSB
A virtual media local drive cannot be accessed on a Windows 2000®
server using a D2CIM-VUSB.
363
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Target BIOS Boot Time with Virtual Media
The BIOS for certain targets may take longer to boot if media is mounted
virtually at the target.
To shorten the boot time:
1. Close the Virtual KVM Client to completely release the virtual media
drives.
2. Restart the target.
Virtual Media Connection Failures Using High Speed for Virtual
Media Connections
Under certain circumstances it may be necessary to select the "Use Full
Speed for Virtual Media CIM" when a target has problems with "High
Speed USB" connections or when the target is experiencing USB
protocol errors caused by signal degradation due to additional
connectors and cables (for example, a connection to a blade server via a
dongle).
CIMs
Windows 3-Button Mouse on Linux Targets
When using a 3-button mouse on a Windows® client connecting to a
Linux® target, the left mouse button may get mapped to the center button
of the Windows client 3-button mouse.
364
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Windows 2000 Composite USB Device Behavior for Virtual Media
The Windows 2000® operating system does not support USB composite
devices, like Raritan’s D2CIM-VUSB, in the same manner as noncomposite USB devices.
As a result, the “Safely Remove Hardware” system tray icon does not
appear for drives mapped by the D2CIM-VUSB and a warning message
may appear when disconnecting the device. Raritan has not observed
any problems or issues from this message, however.
Raritan’s US engineering department has developed a configuration
which supports the “Safely Remove Hardware” icon and avoids this
Windows message. This configuration requires the use of the D2CIMDVUSB virtual media adapter and the Troubleshooting 3 USB Profile,
which configures the D2CIM-DVUSB as a non-composite USB device
supporting a single virtual media connection. Raritan has successfully
tested this configuration in the US and Japan.
CC-SG
Virtual KVM Client Version Not Known from CC-SG Proxy Mode
When the Virtual KVM Client is launched from CommandCenter Secure
Gateway (CC-SG) in proxy mode, the Virtual KVM Client version is
unknown. In the About Raritan Virtual KVM Client dialog, the version is
displayed as “Version Unknown”.
365
Appendix E: Informational Notes
Single Mouse Mode - Connecting to a Target Under CC-SG Control
Via VKC Using Firefox
When using Firefox® to connect to a KX II or KSX II target under CC-SG
control using DCIM-PS2 or DCIM-USBG2, if you change to Single
Mouse Mode in the Virtual KVM Client, the VKC window will no longer be
the focus window and the mouse will not respond. If this occurs, left click
on the mouse or press Alt+Tab to return the focus to the VKC window.
Proxy Mode and MPC
If you are using KX II in a CC-SG configuration, do not use the CC-SG
proxy mode if you are planning to use the Multi-Platform Client (MPC).
Moving Between Ports on a Device
If you move a between ports on the same Raritan device and resume
management within one minute, CC-SG may display an error message.
If you resume management, the display will be updated.
366
Appendix F Frequently Asked Questions
In This Chapter
General FAQs ........................................................................................368
Remote Access .....................................................................................370
Universal Virtual Media..........................................................................372
Bandwidth and KVM-over-IP Performance ...........................................375
Ethernet and IP Networking ..................................................................380
IPv6 Networking ....................................................................................383
Servers ..................................................................................................384
Blade Servers ........................................................................................385
Installation .............................................................................................388
Local Port...............................................................................................390
Extended Local Port (Dominion KX2-832 and KX2-864 models only) ..392
Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Control ..................................394
Local Port Consolidation, Tiering and Cascading .................................396
Computer Interface Modules (CIMs) .....................................................398
Security ..................................................................................................400
Smart Cards and CAC Authentication ...................................................401
Manageability ........................................................................................403
Documentation and Support ..................................................................404
Miscellaneous ........................................................................................404
367
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
General FAQs
Question
What is Dominion KX II?
Answer
Dominion KX II is a second-generation
digital KVM (keyboard, video, mouse)
switch that enables one, two, four or eight
IT administrators to access and control 8,
16, 32 or 64 servers over the network with
BIOS-level functionality. Dominion KX II is
completely hardware- and OSindependent; users can troubleshoot and
reconfigure servers even when servers are
down.
At the rack, Dominion KX II provides the
same functionality, convenience, and
space and cost savings as traditional
analog KVM switches. However, Dominion
KX II also integrates the industry’s highest
performing KVM-over-IP technology,
allowing multiple administrators to access
server KVM consoles from any networked
workstation as well as from the iPhone®
and iPad®.
368
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
How does Dominion KX II
differ from remote control
software?
Answer
When using Dominion KX II remotely, the
interface, at first glance, may seem similar
to remote control software such as
pcAnywhereTM, Windows® Terminal
Services/Remote Desktop, VNC, etc.
However, because Dominion KX II is not a
software but a hardware solution, it’s much
more powerful:
Hardware- and OS-independent –
Dominion KX II can be used to manage
servers running many popular OSs,
including Intel®, Sun®, PowerPC running
Windows, Linux®, SolarisTM, etc.
State-independent/Agentless – Dominion
KX II does not require the managed server
OS to be up and running, nor does it
require any special software to be installed
on the managed server.
Out-of-band – Even if the managed
server’s own network connection is
unavailable, it can still be managed
through Dominion KX II.
BIOS-level access – Even if the server is
hung at boot up, requires booting to safe
mode, or requires system BIOS
parameters to be altered, Dominion KX II
still works flawlessly to enable these
configurations to be made.
Can the Dominion KX II be
rack mounted?
Yes. The Dominion KX II ships standard
with 19" rack mount brackets. It can also
be reverse rack mounted so the server
ports face forward.
How large is the Dominion
KX II?
Dominion KX II is only 1U high (except the
KX2-864 and KX2-464, which are 2U), fits
in a standard 19" rack mount and is only
11.4" (29 cm) deep. The Dominion KX2832 and KX2-864 are 13.8" (36 cm) deep.
369
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Remote Access
Question
How many users can
remotely access
servers on each
Dominion KX II?
Answer
Dominion KX II models offer remote connections for
up to eight users per user channel to simultaneously
access and control a unique target server. For onechannel devices like the DKX2-116, up to eight
remote users can access and control a single target
server. For two-channel devices, like the DKX2-216,
up to eight users can access and control the server
on channel one and up to another eight users on
channel two. For four-channel devices, up to eight
users per channel, for a total of 32 (8 x 4) users, can
access and control four servers. Likewise, for the
eight-channel devices, up to eight users can access
a single server, up to an overall maximum of 32
users across the eight channels.
Can I remotely
access servers from
my iPhone or iPad?
Yes. Starting with Dominion KX II Release 2.4 and
CC-SG Release 5.2, users can access servers
connected to the KX II using their iPhone or iPad.
Can two people look Yes. Actually, up to eight people can access and
at the same server at control any single server at the same time.
the same time?
Can two people
access the same
server, one remotely
and one from the
local port?
Yes. The local port is completely independent of the
remote "ports." The local port can access the same
server using the PC-Share feature.
In order to access
Dominion KX II from
a client, what
hardware, software or
network configuration
is required?
Because Dominion KX II is completely Webaccessible, it doesn’t require customers to install
proprietary software on clients used for access. (An
optional installed client is available on
www.raritan.com; this is required for access by an
external modem.)
Dominion KX II can be accessed through major Web
browsers, including: Internet Explorer® and Firefox®.
Dominion KX II can be accessed on Windows, Linux
and Macintosh® desktops, via Raritan’s Windows
Client, and the Java™-based Multiplatform and
Virtual KVM Client™.
Dominion KX II administrators can also perform
remote management (set passwords and security,
rename servers, change IP address, etc.) using a
convenient browser-based interface.
370
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
What is the file size of
the applet that’s used
to access Dominion
KX II? How long does
it take to retrieve?
Answer
The Virtual KVM Client (VKC) applet used to access
Dominion KX II is approximately 500KB in size. The
following chart describes the time required to retrieve
Dominion KX II’s applet at different network speeds:
100Mbps
Theoretical 100Mbit
network speed
.05 seconds
60Mbps
Likely practical
100Mbit network
speed
.08 seconds
10Mbps
Theoretical 10Mbit
network speed
.4 seconds
6Mbps
Likely practical
10Mbit network
speed
.8 seconds
512Kbps
Cable modem
download speed
(typical)
8 seconds
How do I access
servers connected to
Dominion
KX II if the network
ever becomes
unavailable?
You can access servers at the rack or via modem.
Do you have a
Windows KVM
Client?
Yes. We have a native .NET Windows Client called
the Raritan Active KVM Client (AKC).
Do you have a nonWindows KVM
Client?
Yes. Both the Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and the
Multiplatform Client (MPC) allow non-Windows users
to connect to target servers in the data center. MPC
can be run via Web browsers and stand-alone and
can access servers connected to both Dominion KX I
and KX II switches. Please refer to Raritan’s
Dominion KX II and KVM Client User Guides for
more information.
Do your KVM Clients
have multi-language
support?
Yes. The Dominion KX II’s remote HTML User
Interface and the KVM Clients support the Japanese,
Simplified Chinese and Traditional Chinese
languages. This is available stand-alone as well as
through CC-SG.
Dominion KX II offers a dedicated modem port for
attaching an external modem.
371
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
Do your KVM Clients
support dual LCD
monitors?
Answer
Yes. For customers wishing to enhance their
productivity by using multiple LCD monitors on their
desktops, the Dominion KX II can launch KVM
sessions to multiple monitors, either in full screen or
standard modes.
Do you support
servers with dual
video cards?
Yes, as of Release 2.5, servers with dual video cards
are supported with an extended desktop
configuration available to the remote user.
Universal Virtual Media
Question
Which Dominion KX II
models support virtual
media?
Answer
All Dominion KX II models support virtual
media. It is available stand-alone and
through CommandCenter® Secure
Gateway, Raritan’s centralized
management appliance.
Which types of virtual media
does the Dominion KX II
support?
Dominion KX II supports the following
types of media: internal and USBconnected CD/DVD drives, USB mass
storage devices, PC hard drives and ISO
images.
372
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
What is required for virtual
media?
Answer
A Dominion KX II virtual media CIM is
required: a digital CIM, D2CIM-VUSB or
D2CIM-DVUSB.
The D2CIM-VUSB has a single USB
connector and is for customers who will
use virtual media at the OS level.
The D2CIM-DVUSB has dual USB
connectors and should be purchased by
customers who wish to utilize virtual media
at the BIOS level. The D2CIM-DVUSB is
also required for smart card
authentication, tiering/cascading and
digital audio.
Both support virtual media sessions to
target servers supporting the USB 2.0
interface. Available in economical 32 and
64 quantity CIM packages, these CIMs
support Absolute Mouse Synchronization™
as well as remote firmware updates.
Our CIMs have traditionally supported
analog VGA video. Three new dual virtual
media CIMs support digital video formats,
including DVI, HDMI and DisplayPort.
These are the D2CIM-DVUSB-DVI,
D2CIM-DVUSB-HDMI and
D2CIM-DVUSB-DP.
Is virtual media secure?
Yes. Virtual media sessions are secured
using 256-bit AES, 128-bit AES or 128-bit
RC4 encryption.
Does virtual media really
support audio?
Yes. Audio playback and recording to a
server connected to the Dominion KX II is
supported. You can listen to sounds and
audio playing on a remote server in the
data center using the speakers connected
to your desktop PC or laptop. You can
also record on the remote server using a
microphone connected to your PC or
laptop. A digital CIM or D2CIM-DVUSB
dual virtual media CIM is required.
What is a USB profile?
Certain servers require a specifically
configured USB interface for USB-based
services such as virtual media. The USB
profile tailors the KX II’s USB interface to
the server to accommodate these serverspecific characteristics.
373
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
Why would I use a USB
profile?
Answer
USB profiles are most often required at the
BIOS level where there may not be full
support for the USB specification when
accessing virtual media drives. However,
profiles are sometimes used at the OS
level, for example, for mouse
synchronization for Macintosh and Linux
servers.
How is a USB profile used?
Individual ports or groups of ports can be
configured by the administrator to use a
specific USB profile in the KX II’s port
configuration page. A USB profile can also
be selected in the KX II Client when
required. See the user guide for more
information.
Do I always need to set a
USB profile when I use
virtual media?
No. In many cases, the default USB profile
is sufficient when using virtual media at
the OS level or operating at the BIOS level
without accessing virtual media.
What profiles are available?
Where can I find more
information?
Consult the user guide for the available
profiles and for more information.
374
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Bandwidth and KVM-over-IP Performance
Question
How is bandwidth used in
KVM-over-IP systems?
Answer
Dominion KX II offers next-generation
KVM-over-IP technology – the very best
video compression available. Raritan has
received numerous technical awards,
confirming its high video quality
transmissions and the low bandwidth
utilization.
The Dominion KX II digitizes compresses
and encrypts the keyboard, video and
mouse signals from the target server and
transmits IP packets over the IP network
to the remote client to create the remote
session to the user. The KX II provides an
at-the-rack experience based on its
industry-leading video processing
algorithms.
Screen changes, i.e., video accounts for
the majority of the bandwidth used – and
keyboard and mouse activity are
significantly less.
It is important to note that bandwidth is
only used when the user is active. The
amount of bandwidth used is based on the
amount of change to the server’s video
display screen.
If there are no changes to the video – the
user is not interacting with the server –
there is generally no bandwidth used. If
the user moves the mouse or types a
character, then there is a small amount of
bandwidth used. If the display is running a
complex screen saver or playing a video,
then there can be a larger amount of
bandwidth used.
How does bandwidth affect
KVM-over-IP performance?
In general, there is a trade-off between
bandwidth and performance. The more
bandwidth available, the better
performance can be. In limited bandwidth
environments, performance can degrade.
The Dominion KX II has been optimized to
provide strong performance in a wide
variety of environments.
375
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
What factors affect
bandwidth?
Answer
There are many factors that determine
how much bandwidth will be used. The
primary factor, noted above, is the amount
of change in the target server’s video
display. This is dependent on the user’s
task and actions.
Other factors include the server’s video
resolution, networking speed and
characteristics, client PC resources and
video card noise.
The Dominion KX II has very sophisticated
video processing algorithms that optimize
bandwidth and performance for a variety
of environments. In addition, they are
highly configurable; there are many
settings to optimize bandwidth usage. In
particular, the connection speed setting in
the remote clients (VKC, MPC) can be set
to reduce the bandwidth used.
Unlike the KX I, the noise filter parameter
does not generally have a large role in
reducing bandwidth or improving
performance of the Dominion KX II.
376
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
Answer
How much bandwidth does
Bandwidth primarily depends on the user’s
KX II use for common tasks? task and actions. The more the server’s
video screen changes, the more
bandwidth is utilized.
The table below summarizes some
standard use cases at Dominion KX II’s
default and with two reduced bandwidth
settings (connection speed setting of 1Mb
with 15- and 8-bit color) on a Windows XP
target server (1024x768 resolution) over a
100 Mb/s LAN:
User Task
Default
1Mb
Speed
1Mb
Speed
and 15- and 8bit
bit
Color
Color
Idle
Windows
Desktop
0 KB/s
0 KB/s
0 KB/s
Move
Mouse
Cursor
5 – 15
KB/s
2–6
KB/s
2–3
KB/s
Drag Icon
40 – 70
KB/s
10 – 25 5 – 15
KB/s
KB/s
Drag Folder 10 – 40
KB/s
Open Text
Window
50 –
100
KB/s
5 – 20
KB/s
5 – 10
KB/s
25 – 50 10 – 15
KB/s
KB/s
Continuous 1 KB/s
Typing
.5 – 1
KB/s
.2 – .5
KB/s
Scroll Text
Window
1050
KB/s
5 – 25
KB/s
2 – 10
KB/s
Close Text
Window
50 –
100
KB/s
20 – 40 10 – 15
KB/s
KB/s
Open
Panel
50 –
100
KB/s
60 – 70 20 – 30
KB/s
KB/s
Change
Tab in
Panel
40 – 50
KB/s
20 – 50 10 – 20
KB/s
KB/s
Close
Panel
50 –
100
KB/s
40 – 60 20 – 30
KB/s
KB/s
Change
Panel
Option
2 – 10
KB/s
1–5
KB/s
1–3
KB/s
Open
100 –
50 –
40 – 80
377
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
How can I reduce
bandwidth?
Answer
KX II provides a variety of settings in our
remote clients for the user to optimize
bandwidth and performance. The default
settings will provide an at-the-rack level of
performance in standard LAN/WAN
environments with economical use of
bandwidth.
Bandwidth management settings include
the connection speed and color depth. To
reduce bandwidth:
Connection speed. Reducing the
connection speed can significantly reduce
the bandwidth used. In a standard
LAN/WAN environment, setting the
connection speed to 1.5 or 1 Mb per
second will reduce bandwidth while
maintaining good performance. Settings
below this will further reduce bandwidth
and are appropriate for slow bandwidth
links.
Color depth. Reducing the color depth will
also significantly decrease bandwidth and
increase performance, but fewer colors will
be used, resulting in video degradation.
This may be acceptable for certain system
administration tasks.
For slow Internet connections, the use of
8-bit color or lower bit depths can reduce
bandwidth and improve performance.
Other tips to decrease bandwidth include:
Use a solid desktop background instead of
a complex image
Disable screensavers
Use a lower video resolution on the target
server
Uncheck the "Show window contents while
dragging" option in Windows
Use simple images, themes and desktops
(e.g., Windows Classic)
378
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
What should I do on slower
bandwidth links?
Answer
The connection speed and color depth
settings can be tweaked to optimize
performance for slower bandwidth links.
For example, in the Multiplatform Client or
the Virtual KVM Client, set the connection
speed to 1.5 Mb or 1 Mb; and the color
depth to 8 bit.
Even lower connection speeds and color
depths can be used for very low bandwidth
situations.
For modem connections, the KX II will
automatically default to a very low
connection speed and reduced color depth
to optimize performance.
I want to connect over the
Internet. What type of
performance should I
expect?
It depends on the bandwidth and latency
of the Internet connection between your
remote client and the KX II. With a cable
modem or high speed DSL connection,
your performance can be very similar to a
LAN/WAN connection. For lower speed
links, use the suggestions above to
improve performance.
I have a high bandwidth
environment. How can I
optimize performance?
The default settings will provide strong
performance in a high bandwidth
environment.
Ensure that the connection speed is set to
100 Mb or 1 Gb and the color depth is set
to 15-bit RGB color.
What is the maximum remote The Dominion KX II is the first and only
(over IP) video resolution
KVM-over-IP switch to support full high
supported?
definition (HD) remote video resolution –
1920x1080.
In addition, popular widescreen formats
are supported, including 1600x1200,
1680x1050 and 1440x900, so remote
users can work with today’s higher
resolution monitors.
How much bandwidth is used It depends on the type of audio format
for audio?
used, but to listen to CD quality audio,
approximately 1.5 Mbps is used.
379
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
What about servers with DVI
ports?
Answer
Servers with DVI ports that support DVI-A
(analog) and DVI-I (integrated analog and
digital) can use Raritan’s ADVI-VGA
inexpensive, passive adapter to convert
the server’s DVI port to a VGA plug that
can be connected to a KX II CIM’s VGA
plug.
Servers with DVI ports that support DVI-I
or DVI-D (digital) can use the new D2CIMDVUSB-DVI CIM.
Ethernet and IP Networking
Question
What is the speed of
Dominion KX II’s Ethernet
interfaces?
Answer
Dominion KX II supports gigabit as well as
10/100 Ethernet. KX II supports two
10/100/1000 speed Ethernet interfaces,
with configurable speed and duplex
settings (either auto detected or manually
set).
Can I access Dominion
KX II over a wireless
connection?
Yes. Dominion KX II not only uses
standard Ethernet, but also very
conservative bandwidth with very high
quality video. Thus, if a wireless client has
network connectivity to a Dominion KX II,
servers can be configured and managed
at the BIOS level wirelessly.
Does the Dominion KX II
offer dual gigabit Ethernet
ports to provide redundant
failover or load balancing?
Yes. Dominion KX II features dual gigabit
Ethernet ports to provide redundant
failover capabilities. Should the primary
Ethernet port (or the switch/router to which
it is connected) fail, Dominion KX II will
failover to the secondary network port with
the same IP address – ensuring that
server operations are not disrupted. Note
that automatic failover must be enabled by
the administrator.
Can I use Dominion KX II
with a VPN?
Yes. Dominion KX II uses standard
Internet Protocol (IP) technologies from
Layer 1 through Layer 4. Traffic can be
easily tunneled through standard VPNs.
380
Appendix F: Frequently Asked Questions
Question
Can I use KX II with a proxy
server?
Answer
Yes. KX II can be used with a SOCKS
proxy server, assuming the remote client
PC is configured appropriately. Contact
the user documentation or online help for
more information.
How many TCP ports must
be open on my firewall in
order to enable network
access to Dominion KX II?
Two ports are required: TCP port 5000 to
discover other Dominion devices and for
communication between Raritan devices
and CC-SG; and, of course, port 443 for
HTTPS communication.
Are these ports configurable? Yes. Dominion KX II’s TCP ports are
configurable by the administrator.
Can Dominion KX II be used
with Citrix®?
Dominion KX II may work with remote
access products like Citrix if configured
appropriately, but Raritan cannot
guarantee it will work with acceptable
performance. Customers should realize
that products like Citrix utilize video
redirection technologies similar in concept
to digital KVM switches so that two KVMover-IP technologies are being used
simultaneously.
Can the Dominion KX II use
DHCP?
DHCP addressing can be used; however,
Raritan recommends fixed addressing
since the Dominion KX II is an
infrastructure device and can be accessed
and administered more effectively with a
fixed IP address.
381
Appendix F:
Question
I’m having problems
connecting to the Dominion
KX II over my IP network.
What could be the problem?
Answer
The Dominion KX II relies on your
LAN/WAN network. Some possible
problems include:
Ethernet auto-negotiation. On some
networks, 10/100 auto-negotiation does
not work properly, and the Dominion KX II
unit must be set to 100 Mb/full duplex or
the appropriate choice for its network.
Duplicate IP address. If the IP address of
the Dominion KX II
is the same as another device, network
connectivity may be inconsistent.
Port 5000 conflicts. If another device is
using port 5000, the Dominion KX II
default port must be changed (or the other
device must be changed).
When changing the IP address of a
Dominion KX II, or swapping in a new
Dominion KX II, sufficient time must be
allowed for its IP and Mac® addresses to
be known throughout the Layer 2 and
Layer 3 networks.
382
Appendix F:
IPv6 Networking
Question
What is IPv6?
Answer
IPv6 is the acronym for Internet Protocol
Version 6. IPv6 is the "next generation" IP
protocol which will replace the current IP
Version 4 (IPv4) protocol.
IPv6 addresses a number of problems in
IPv4, such as the limited number of IPv4
addresses. It also improves IPv4 in areas
such as routing and network autoconfiguration. IPv6 is expected to
gradually replace IPv4, with the two
coexisting for a number of years.
IPv6 treats one of the largest headaches
of an IP network from the administrator’s
point of view – configuring and maintaining
an IP network.
Why does Dominion KX II
support IPv6 networking?
U.S. government agencies and the
Department of Defense are now mandated
to purchase IPv6-compatible products. In
addition, many enterprises and foreign
countries, such as China, will be
transitioning to IPv6 over the next several
years.
What is "dual stack" and why Dual stack is the ability to simultaneously
is it required?
support both IPv4 and IPv6 protocols.
Given the gradual transition from IPv4 to
IPv6, dual stack is a fundamental
requirement for IPv6 support.
How do I enable IPv6 on the
Dominion KX II?
Use the "Network Settings" page,
available from the "Device Settings" tab.
Enable IPv6 addressing and choose
manual or auto-configuration. Consult the
user guide for more information.
383
Appendix F:
Question
What if I have an external
server with an IPv6 address
that I want to use with my
Dominion KX II?
Answer
The Dominion KX II can access external
servers via their IPv6 addresses, for
example, an SNMP manager, syslog
server or LDAP server.
Using the Dominion KX II’s dual-stack
architecture, these external servers can be
accessed via: (1) an IPv4 address, (2)
IPv6 address or (3) hostname. So, the
Dominion KX II supports the mixed
IPv4/IPv6 environment many customers
will have.
Does the Dominion KX I (the
previous generation KX)
support IPv6?
No. The Dominion KX I does not support
IPv6 addresses.
What if my network doesn’t
support IPv6?
The Dominion KX II’s default networking is
set at the factory for IPv4 only. When you
are ready to use IPv6, then follow the
above instructions to enable IPv4/IPv6
dual-stack operation.
Where can I get more
information on IPv6?
See www.ipv6.org for general information
on IPv6. The Dominion KX II user guide
describes the Dominion KX II’s support for
IPv6.
Servers
Question
Does Dominion KX II depend
on a Windows server to
operate?
Answer
Absolutely not. Because users depend on
the KVM infrastructure to always be
available in any scenario whatsoever (as
they will likely need to use the KVM
infrastructure to fix problems), Dominion
KX II is designed to be completely
independent from any external server.
Do I need to install a Web
server, such as Microsoft
Internet Information Services
(IIS), in order to use
Dominion KX II’s Web
browser capability?
No. Dominion KX II is a completely selfsufficient appliance. After assigning an IP
address to Dominion KX II, it’s ready to
use – with Web browser and
authentication capabilities completely built
in.
384
Appendix F:
Question
What software do I have to
install in order to access
Dominion KX II from a
particular workstation?
Answer
None. Dominion KX II can be accessed
completely via a Web browser (although
an optional installed client is provided on
Raritan’s website, www.raritan.com, which
is required for modem connections). A
Java-based client is now available for nonWindows users.
What should I do to prepare
a server for connection to
Dominion KX II?
Set the mouse parameter options to
provide users with the best mouse
synchronization and turn off screensavers
and any power management features that
affect screen display.
What about mouse
synchronization?
In the past, KVM-over-IP mouse
synchronization was a frustrating
experience. The Dominion KX II’s
Absolute Mouse Synchronization provides
for a tightly synchronized mouse without
requiring server mouse setting changes on
Windows and Apple® Mac servers. For
other servers, the Intelligent Mouse mode
or the speedy, single mouse mode can be
used to avoid changing the server mouse
settings.
What comes in the Dominion The following is included: (1) Dominion KX
KX II box?
II unit, (2) Quick Setup Guide, (3) standard
19" rack mount brackets, (4) user manual
CD-ROM, (5) network cable, (6) crossover
cable, (7) localized AC line cord and (8)
warranty certificate and other
documentation.
Blade Servers
Question
Can I connect blade servers
to the Dominion KX II?
Which blade servers are
supported?
Answer
Yes. Dominion KX II supports popular
blade server models from the leading
blade server manufacturers: HP®, IBM®,
Dell® and Cisco®.
The following models are supported: Dell
PowerEdge® 1855, 1955 and M1000e; HP
BladeSystem c3000 and c7000; IBM
BladeCenter® H, E and S; and Cisco UCS
B-Series.
385
Appendix F:
Question
Answer
Are the Paragon Blade CIMs No. The Dominion KX II does not require
used?
the use of special blade server CIMs like
the Paragon II.
®
Which CIM should I use?
It depends on the type of KVM ports on
the specific make and model of the blade
server you are using. The following CIMs
are supported: DCIM-PS2, DCIM-USBG2,
D2CIM-VUSB and D2CIM-DVUSB.
Which types of access and
control are available?
The Dominion KX II provides automated
and secure KVM access: (1) at the rack,
(2) remotely over IP, (3) via
CommandCenter and (4) by modem.
Do I have to use hotkeys to
switch between blades?
Some blade servers require you to use
hotkeys to switch between blades. With
the Dominion KX II, you don’t have to use
these hotkeys. Just click on the name of
the blade server, and the Dominion KX II
will automatically switch to that blade
without the explicit use of the hotkey.
Can I access the blade
server’s management
module?
Yes. You can define the URL of the
management module and access it from
the Dominion KX II or from our
CommandCenter Secure Gateway. If
configured, one-click access is available.
How many blade servers can For performance and reliability reasons,
I connect to a Dominion KX
you can connect up to eight blade chassis
II?
to a Dominion KX II, regardless of model.
Raritan recommends connecting up to two
times the number of remote connections
supported by the device. For example,
with a KX2-216 with two remote channels,
we recommend connecting up to four
blade server chassis. You can, of course,
connect individual servers to the remaining
server ports.
I’m an SMB customer with
a few Dominion KX IIs.
Must I use your
CommandCenter Secure
Gateway management
station?
386
No, you don’t have to. SMB customers are
not required to use CommandCenter
Secure Gateway to use the new blade
features.
Appendix F:
Question
I’m an enterprise customer
using CommandCenter
Secure Gateway. Can I
access blade servers via
CommandCenter Secure
Gateway?
Answer
Yes. Once blade servers are configured
on the Dominion KX II, the
CommandCenter Secure Gateway user
can access them via KVM connections. In
addition, the blade servers are organized
by chassis as well as CommandCenter
Secure Gateway custom views.
What if I also want in-band or In-band and embedded access to blade
embedded KVM access?
servers can be configured within
CommandCenter Secure Gateway.
I’m running VMware® on
Yes. With CommandCenter Secure
some of my blade servers. Is Gateway, you can display and access
this supported?
virtual machines running on blade servers.
Is virtual media supported?
This depends on the blade server. HP
blades can support virtual media. The IBM
BladeCenter (except for BladeCenter T)
supports virtual media if configured
appropriately. A virtual media CIM –
D2CIM-VUSB or D2CIM-DVUSB – must
be used.
Is Absolute Mouse
Synchronization supported?
Servers with internal KVM switches inside
the blade chassis typically do not support
absolute mouse technology. For HP blade
and some Dell blade servers, a CIM can
be connected to each blade, so Absolute
Mouse Synchronization is supported.
Is blade access secure?
Yes. Blade access uses all of the standard
Dominion KX II security features such as
128-bit or 256-bit encryption. In addition,
there are blade-specific security features
such as per blade access permissions and
hotkey-blocking that eliminates
unauthorized access.
Does the Dominion KSX II or At this time, these products do not support
the KX II-101 support blade
blade servers.
servers?
387
Appendix F:
Installation
Question
Besides the unit itself, what
do I need to order from
Raritan to install Dominion
KX II?
Answer
Each server that connects to Dominion KX
II requires a Dominion or Paragon
computer interface module (CIM), an
adapter that connects directly to the
keyboard, video and mouse ports of the
server.
Which kind of Cat5 cabling
should be used in my
installation?
Dominion KX II can use any standard UTP
(unshielded twisted pair) cabling, whether
Cat5, Cat5e or Cat6. Often in our manuals
and marketing literature, Raritan will
simply say "Cat5" cabling for short. In
actuality, any brand UTP cable will suffice
for Dominion KX II.
Which types of servers can
be connected to Dominion
KX II?
Dominion KX II is completely vendor
independent. Any server with standardscompliant keyboard, video and mouse
ports can be connected. In addition,
servers with serial ports can be controlled
using the P2CIM-SER CIM.
How do I connect servers to
Dominion KX II?
Servers that connect to the Dominion KX II
require a Dominion or Paragon CIM, which
connects directly to the keyboard, video
and mouse ports of the server. Then,
connect each CIM to Dominion KX II using
standard UTP (unshielded twisted pair)
cable such as Cat5, Cat5e or Cat6.
How far can my servers be
from Dominion KX II?
In general, servers can be up to 150 feet
(45 m) away from Dominion KX II,
depending on the type of server. (See
printed user manual or manual on the
Raritan website.) For the D2CIM-VUSB
CIMs that supports virtual media and
Absolute Mouse Synchronization, a 100foot (30 m) range is recommended.
388
Appendix F:
Question
Some operating systems lock
up when I disconnect a
keyboard or mouse during
operation. What prevents
servers connected to
Dominion KX II from locking
up when I switch away from
them?
Answer
Each Dominion computer interface module
(DCIM) dongle acts as a virtual keyboard
and mouse to the server to which it is
connected. This technology is called KME
(keyboard/mouse emulation). Raritan’s
KME technology is data center grade,
battle-tested and far more reliable than
that found in lower-end KVM switches: it
incorporates more than 15 years of
experience and has been deployed to
millions of servers worldwide.
Are there any agents
that must be installed on
servers connected to
Dominion KX II?
Servers connected to Dominion KX II do
not require any software agents to be
installed because Dominion KX II connects
directly via hardware to the servers’
keyboard, video and mouse ports.
How many servers can be
connected to each Dominion
KX II unit?
Dominion KX II models range from 8, 16 or
32 server ports in a 1U chassis, to 64
server ports in a 2U chassis. This is the
industry’s highest digital KVM switch port
density.
What happens if I disconnect
a server from Dominion KX II
and reconnect it to another
Dominion KX II unit, or
connect it to a different port
on the same Dominion KX II
unit?
Dominion KX II will automatically update
the server port names when servers are
moved from port to port. Furthermore, this
automatic update does not just affect the
local access port, but propagates to all
remote clients and the optional
CommandCenter Secure Gateway
management appliance.
389
Appendix F:
Question
How do I connect a serially
controlled (RS-232) device,
such as a Cisco router/switch
or a headless Sun server, to
Dominion
KX II?
Answer
If there are only a few serially controlled
devices, they may be connected to a
Dominion KX II using Raritan’s P2CIMSER serial converter.
Customers can also consider deploying
the Dominion KSX II, an integrated KVM
and serial switch. The DKSX-144 features
four KVM-over-IP ports and four serial
ports.
The DKSX-188 features eight KVM-overIP ports and eight serial ports.
However, if there are many serially
controlled devices, we recommend the use
of Raritan’s Dominion SX line of secure
console servers. Dominion SX offers more
serial functionality at a better price point
than Dominion KX II. This SX is easy to
use, configure and manage, and can be
completely integrated with a Dominion
series deployment.
Local Port
Question
Can I access my servers
directly from the rack?
Answer
Yes. At the rack, Dominion KX II functions
just like a traditional KVM switch –
allowing control of up to 64 servers using a
single keyboard, monitor and mouse. You
can switch between servers by the
browser- based user interface or via a
hotkey.
Can I consolidate the local
ports of multiple KX IIs?
Yes. You can connect the local ports of
multiple KX II switches to another KX II
using the "tiering" feature of the KX II. You
can then access the servers connected to
your KX II devices from a single point in
the data center via a consolidated port list.
390
Appendix F:
Question
When I am using the local
port, do I prevent other users
from accessing servers
remotely?
Answer
No. The Dominion KX II local port has a
completely independent access path to the
servers. This means a user can access
servers locally at the rack – without
compromising the number of users that
access the rack remotely at the same
time.
Can I use a USB keyboard or Yes. The Dominion KX II has USB
mouse at the local port?
keyboard and mouse ports on the local
port. Note that as of April 2011, the
Dominion KX II switches no longer have
PS/2 local ports. Customers with PS/2
keyboards and mice should utilize a PS/2
to USB adapter.
Is there an onscreen display
(OSD) for local, at-the-rack
access?
Yes, but Dominion KX II’s at-the-rack
access goes way beyond conventional
OSDs. Featuring the industry’s first
browser-based interface for at-the-rack
access, Dominion KX II’s local port uses
the same interface for local and remote
access. Moreover, most administrative
functions are available at the rack.
How do I select between
servers while using the local
port?
The local port displays the connected
servers using the same user interface as
the remote client. Users connect to a
server with a simple click of the mouse or
via a hotkey.
How do I ensure that only
authorized users can access
servers from the local port?
Users attempting to use the local port
must pass the same level of authentication
as those accessing remotely. This means
that:
If the Dominion KX II is configured to
interact with an external RADIUS, LDAP or
Active Directory® server, users attempting
to access the local port will authenticate
against the same server.
If the external authentication servers are
unavailable, Dominion KX II fails over to its
own internal authentication database.
Dominion KX II has its own stand-alone
authentication, enabling instant, out-of-thebox installation.
391
Appendix F:
Question
If I use the local port to
change the name of a
connected server, does this
change propagate to remote
access clients as well? Does
it propagate to the optional
CommandCenter appliance?
Answer
Yes. The local port presentation is
identical and completely in sync with
remote access clients as well as Raritan’s
CommandCenter Secure Gateway
management appliance. To be clear, if the
name of a server via the Dominion KX II
onscreen display is changed, this updates
all remote clients and external
management servers in real time.
If I use Dominion KX II’s
remote administration tools
to change the name of a
connected server, does that
change propagate to the
local port OSD as well?
Yes. If the name of a server is changed
remotely, or via Raritan’s optional
CommandCenter Secure Gateway
management appliance, this update
immediately affects Dominion KX II’s
onscreen display.
Extended Local Port (Dominion KX2-832 and KX2-864 models only)
Question
What is the extended local
port?
Answer
The Dominion KX2-832 and KX2-864
feature an extended local port. The KX II
eight-user models have a standard local
port, plus a new extended local port that
extends the local port, via Cat5 cable,
beyond the rack to a control room, another
point in the data center or to a Dominion
KX II or Paragon II switch.
Can I connect the extended
local port to another KX II?
Yes, You can connect the extended local
port to a server port of another KX II using
the "tiering" feature of the KX II.
Is a user station required for
the extended local port?
Yes. The following devices can function as
the "user station" for the extended local
port: Paragon II EUST, Paragon II UST
and the Cat5 Reach® URKVMG device. In
addition, the extended local port can be
connected via Cat5 cable to a server port
on a Dominion KX II or Paragon II switch.
This configuration can be used to
consolidate the local ports of many KX28xxx devices to a single switch.
392
Appendix F:
Question
How far can the user station
be from the Dominion KX II?
Answer
The distance is 200 feet to 1,000 feet (61
m to 304 m), but varies according to the
type of user station, the video resolution
and cable type and quality. See the user
guide or Release Notes for more
information.
Is a CIM required?
No CIM is required. Just connect a Cat5
cable.
Must I use the extended local No. The extended local port is an optional
port?
feature and is disabled by default. Use the
"Local Port Settings" page to enable it.
You can also disable the standard local
port if you are not going to use it for added
security.
Dual Power Supplies
Does Dominion KX II have a
dual power option?
Yes. All Dominion KX II models come
equipped with dual AC inputs and power
supplies with automatic failover. Should
one of the power inputs or power supplies
fail, then the KX II will automatically switch
to the other.
Does the power supply used
by Dominion KX II
automatically detect voltage
settings?
Yes. Dominion KX II’s power supply can
be used in AC voltage ranges from 100–
240 volts, at 50–60 Hz.
If a power supply or input
fails, will I be notified?
The Dominion KX II front panel LED will
notify the user of a power failure. An entry
will also be sent to the audit log and
displayed on the KX remote client user
interface. If configured by the
administrator, then SNMP or syslog events
will be generated.
393
Appendix F:
Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (PDU) Control
Question
What type of remote power
control capabilities does
Dominion KX II offer?
Answer
Raritan’s intelligent PDUs can be
connected to the Dominion KX II to
provide power control of target servers
and other equipment. For servers, after a
simple one-time configuration step, just
click on the server name to power on, off
or to recycle a hung server.
What type of power strips
does Dominion KX II
support?
Raritan’s Dominion PX™ and Remote
Power Control (RPC) power strips.
These come in many outlet, connector and
amp variations. Note that you should not
connect the PM series of power strips to
the Dominion KX II as these power strips
do not provide outlet-level switching.
How many PDUs can be
connected to a Dominion KX
II?
Up to eight PDUs can be connected to a
Dominion KX II device.
How do I connect the PDU to The D2CIM-PWR is used to connect the
the Dominion KX II?
power strip to the Dominion KX II. The
D2CIM-PWR must be purchased
separately; it does not come with the PDU.
Does Dominion KX II support Yes. Dominion KX II can be easily
servers with multiple power
configured to support servers with multiple
supplies?
power supplies connected to multiple
power strips. Four power supplies can be
connected per target server.
Does the Dominion KX II
display statistics and
measurements from the
PDU?
Yes. PDU-level power statistics, including
power, current and voltage, are retrieved
from the PDU and displayed to the user.
Does remote power control
require any special
configuration of attached
servers?
Some servers ship with default BIOS
settings such that the server does not
automatically restart after losing and
regaining power. For these servers, see
the server’s documentation to change this
setting.
What happens when I
recycle power to a server?
Note that this is the physical equivalent of
unplugging the server from the AC power
line, and reinserting the plug.
394
Appendix F:
Question
Can I power on/off other
equipment (non-servers)
connected to a PDU?
Answer
Yes. You can power on/off other
equipment attached to the PDU by outlet
from the Dominion KX II’s browser­based
interface.
395
Appendix F:
Local Port Consolidation, Tiering and Cascading
Question
How do I physically connect
multiple Dominion KX II
devices together into one
solution?
Answer
To physically connect multiple KX II
devices together for consolidated local
access, you can connect the local ports of
multiple "tiered" (or "cascaded") KX II
switches to a "base" KX II using the tiering
feature of the KX II. You can then access
the servers connected to your KX II
devices from a single point in the data
center via a consolidated port list.
The D2CIM-DVUSB CIM must be used to
connect the tiered KX II switch to the base
switch. Or for the KX2-832 and KX2-864,
the extended local port can be connected
via Cat 5/6 cable (no CIM required) to the
base KX II switch.
Access via the consolidated port list is
available in the data center or even from a
remote PC. All servers connected to the
tiered KX IIs can be accessed via a
hierarchical port list or via search (with
wildcards).
Two levels of tiering are supported; up to
1024 devices can be accessed in a tiered
configuration. Remote power control is
also supported.
Virtual media, smart card and blade server
access via tiered access will be supported
in a future release. Of course these
features are available when accessed via
a standard remote connection.
While remote IP server access via the
consolidated port list is available as a
convenience, remote accessing a tiered
server from CommandCenter or via the KX
II the server is connected to, is
recommended for optimal performance.
396
Appendix F:
Question
Do I have to physically
connect Dominion KX II
devices together?
Answer
Multiple Dominion KX II units do not need
to be physically connected together.
Instead, each Dominion KX II unit
connects to the network, and they
automatically work together as a single
solution if deployed with Raritan’s
CommandCenter Secure Gateway (CCSG) management appliance.
CC-SG acts as a single access point for
remote access and management.
CC-SG offers a significant set of
convenient tools, such as consolidated
configuration, consolidated firmware
update and a single authentication and
authorization database.
Customers using CC-SG for centralized
remote access can make good use of the
KX II’s tiering (cascading) feature to
consolidate the local ports of multiple KX II
switches and locally access up to 1024
servers from a single console when in the
data center.
Is CC-SG required?
For customers wanting stand-alone usage
(without a central management system),
multiple Dominion KX II units still
interoperate and scale together via the IP
network. Multiple Dominion KX II switches
can be accessed from the KX II Webbased user interface and from the
Multiplatform Client (MPC).
397
Appendix F:
Question
Can I connect an existing
analog KVM switch to
Dominion KX II?
Answer
Yes. Analog KVM switches can be
connected to one of Dominion KX II’s
server ports. Simply use a PS/2 or USB
computer interface module (CIM), and
attach it to the user ports of the existing
analog KVM switch.
Analog KVM switches supporting hotkeybased switching on their local ports can be
tiered to a Dominion KX II switch and
switched via a consolidated port list, both
remotely and in the data center.
Please note that analog KVM switches
vary in their specifications and Raritan
cannot guarantee the interoperability of
any particular third-party analog KVM
switch. Contact Raritan technical support
for further information.
Computer Interface Modules (CIMs)
Question
What type of video is
supported by your CIMs?
398
Answer
Our CIMs have traditionally supported
analog VGA video. Three new CIMs
support digital video formats, including
DVI, HDMI and DisplayPort. These are the
D2CIM-DVUSB-DVI, D2CIM-DVUSBHDMI and D2CIM-DVUSB-DP.
Appendix F:
Question
Can I use computer interface
modules (CIMs) from
Paragon, Raritan’s analog
matrix KVM switch, with
Dominion KX II?
Answer
Yes. Certain Paragon computer interface
modules (CIMs) may work with Dominion
KX II. (Please check the Raritan Dominion
KX II Release Notes on the website for the
latest list of certified CIMs.)
However, because Paragon CIMs cost
more than Dominion KX II CIMs (as they
incorporate technology for video
transmission of up to 1,000 feet [304 m]), it
is not generally advisable to purchase
Paragon CIMs for use with Dominion KX
II. Also note that when connected to
Dominion KX II, Paragon CIMs transmit
video at a distance of up to 150 feet (46
m), the same as Dominion KX II CIMs –
not at 1,000 feet (304 m), as they do when
connected to Paragon.
Can I use Dominion KX II
computer interface modules
(CIMs) with Paragon,
Raritan’s analog matrix KVM
switch?
No. Dominion KX II computer interface
modules (CIMs) transmit video at ranges
of 50 feet to 150 feet (15 m to 46 m) and
thus do not work with Paragon, which
requires CIMs that transmit video at a
range of 1,000 feet (304 m). To ensure
that all Raritan’s customers experience the
very best quality video available in the
industry – a consistent Raritan
characteristic – Dominion series CIMs do
not interoperate with Paragon.
Does Dominion KX II support Yes. The Dominion KX II now supports
Paragon Dual CIMs?
Paragon II Dual CIMs (P2CIM-APS2DUAL
and P2CIM-AUSBDUAL), which can
connect servers in the data center to two
different Dominion KX II switches.
If one KX II switch is not available, the
server can be accessed through the
second KX II switch, providing redundant
access and doubling the level of remote
KVM access.
Please note these are Paragon CIMs, so
they do not support the KX II advanced
features such as virtual media, absolute
mouse, etc.
399
Appendix F:
Security
Question
Is the Dominion KX II FIPS
140-2 Certified?
Answer
The Dominion KX II uses an embedded
FIPS 140-2 validated cryptographic
module running on a Linux platform per
FIPS 140-2 implementation guidelines.
This cryptographic module is used for
encryption of KVM session traffic
consisting of video, keyboard, mouse,
virtual media and smart card data.
What kind of encryption does Dominion KX II uses industry-standard
Dominion KX II use?
(and extremely secure) 256-bit AES, 128bit AES or 128-bit encryption, both in its
SSL communications as well as its own
data stream. Literally no data is
transmitted between remote clients and
Dominion KX II that is not completely
secured by encryption.
Does Dominion KX II support
AES encryption as
recommended by the U.S.
government’s NIST and FIPS
standards?
Yes. The Dominion KX II utilizes the
Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) for
added security. 256-bit and 128-bit AES is
available.
AES is a U.S. government-approved
cryptographic algorithm that is
recommended by the National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST) in the
FIPS Standard 197.
Does Dominion KX II allow
encryption of video data? Or
does it only encrypt keyboard
and mouse data?
Unlike competing solutions, which only
encrypt keyboard and mouse data,
Dominion KX II does not compromise
security – it allows encryption of keyboard,
mouse, video and virtual media data.
How does Dominion KX II
integrate with external
authentication servers such
as Active Directory, RADIUS
or LDAP?
Through a very simple configuration,
Dominion KX II can be set to forward all
authentication requests to an external
server such as LDAP, Active Directory or
RADIUS. For each authenticated user,
Dominion KX II receives from the
authentication server the user group to
which that user belongs. Dominion KX II
then determines the user’s access
permissions depending on the user group
to which he or she belongs.
400
Appendix F:
Question
How are usernames and
passwords stored?
Answer
Should Dominion KX II’s internal
authentication capabilities be used, all
sensitive information, such as usernames
and passwords, is stored in an encrypted
format. Literally no one, including Raritan
technical support or product engineering
departments, can retrieve those
usernames and passwords.
Does Dominion KX II support Yes. The Dominion KX II has
strong passwords?
administrator-configurable, strong
password checking to ensure that usercreated passwords meet corporate and/or
government standards and are resistant to
brute force hacking.
Can I upload my own digital
certificate to the Dominion
KX II?
Yes. Customers can upload self-signed or
certificate authority-provided digital
certificates to the Dominion KX II for
enhanced authentication and secure
communication.
Does the KX II support a
configurable security
banner?
Yes. For government, military and other
security-conscious customers requiring a
security message before user login, the
KX II can display a user-configurable
banner message and optionally require
acceptance.
My security policy does not
allow the use of standard
TCP port numbers. Can I
change them?
Yes. For customers wishing to avoid the
standard TCP/IP port numbers to increase
security, the Dominion KX II allows the
administrator to configure alternate port
numbers.
Smart Cards and CAC Authentication
Question
Does Dominion KX II support
smart card and CAC
authentication?
Answer
Yes. Smart cards and DoD common
access cards (CAC) authentication to
target servers is supported by Release
2.1.10 and greater.
401
Appendix F:
Question
What is CAC?
Answer
Mandated by Homeland Security
Presidential Directive 12 (HSPD-12), CAC
is a type of smart card created by the U.S.
government and used by U.S. military and
government staff. The CAC card is a
multitechnology, multipurpose card; the
goal is to have a single identification card.
For more information, see the FIPS 201
standards.
Which KX II models support
smart cards/CAC?
All Dominion KX II models are supported.
The Dominion KSX II and
KX II-101 do not currently support smart
cards and CAC.
Do enterprise and SMB
customers use smart cards,
too?
Yes. However, the most aggressive
deployment of smart cards is in the U.S.
federal government.
Which CIMs support
smart card/CAC?
The D2CIM-DVUSB, D2CIM-DVUSB-DVI,
D2CIM-DVUSB-HDMI and D2CIMDVUSB-DP are the required CIMs.
Which smart card readers
are supported?
The required reader standards are USB
CCID and PC/SC. Consult the user
documentation for a list of certified readers
and more information.
Can smart card/CAC
authentication work on the
local port and via
CommandCenter?
Yes. Smart card/CAC authentication works
on both the local port and via
CommandCenter. For the local port,
connect a compatible smart card reader to
the USB port of the Dominion KX II.
Are the Paragon smart
No. The P2-EUST/C and P2CIM-AUSB-C
are not part of the Dominion KX II solution.
card-enabled UST and CIM
used?
Where can I get more
information on KX II smart
card support?
402
See the Release Notes and the Dominion
KX II User Guide for more information.
Appendix F:
Manageability
Question
Can Dominion KX II be
remotely managed and
configured via Web browser?
Answer
Yes. Dominion KX II can be completely
configured remotely via Web browser.
Note that this does require that the
workstation have an appropriate Java
Runtime Environment (JRE) version
installed. Besides the initial setting of
Dominion KX II’s IP address, everything
about the solution can be completely set
up over the network. (In fact, using a
crossover Ethernet cable and Dominion
KX II’s default IP address, you can even
configure the initial settings via Web
browser.)
Can I back up and restore
Dominion KX II’s
configuration?
Yes. Dominion KX II’s device and user
configurations can be completely backed
up for later restoration in the event of a
catastrophe.
Dominion KX II’s backup and restore
functionality can be used remotely over
the network, or through your Web browser.
What auditing or logging
does Dominion KX II offer?
For complete accountability, Dominion KX
II logs all major user events with a date
and time stamp. For instance, reported
events include (but are not limited to): user
login, user logout, user access of a
particular server, unsuccessful login,
configuration changes, etc.
Can Dominion KX II integrate Yes. In addition to Dominion KX II’s own
with syslog?
internal logging capabilities, Dominion KX
II can send all logged events to a
centralized syslog server.
Can Dominion KX II integrate Yes. In addition to Dominion KX II’s own
with SNMP?
internal logging capabilities, Dominion KX
II can send SNMP traps to SNMP
management systems. SNMP v2 and v3
are supported.
Can an administrator log-off
a user?
Yes, administrators can view which users
are logged into which ports and can log-off
a user from a specific port or from the
device if required.
403
Appendix F:
Question
Can Dominion KX II’s internal
clock be synchronized with a
timeserver?
Answer
Yes. Dominion KX II supports the industrystandard NTP protocol for synchronization
with either a corporate timeserver, or with
any public timeserver (assuming that
outbound NTP requests are allowed
through the corporate firewall).
Documentation and Support
Question
Where do I find
documentation on the
Dominion KX II?
Answer
The documentation is available at
raritan.com on the KX II firmware and
documentation page:
http://www.raritan.com/support/dominionkx-ii. The documentation is listed by
firmware release.
What documentation is
available?
A Quick Setup Guide, User Guide and a
KVM and Serial Client Guide, as well as
Release Notes and other information are
available.
Is online help available?
Yes. Online help is available at raritan.com
with the documentation and from the KX II
user interface.
What CIM should I use for a
particular server?
Consult the CIM Guide available with the
KX II documentation. Note that DVI, HDMI
and DisplayPort video standards are
supported with the new digital video CIMs,
available as of Release 2.5.
How long is the hardware
warranty for the KX II?
The Dominion KX II comes with a standard
two-year warranty, which can be extended
to 5 years of warranty coverage.
Miscellaneous
Question
What is Dominion KX II’s
default IP address?
404
Answer
192.168.0.192
Appendix F:
Question
What is Dominion KX II’s
default username and
password?
Answer
The Dominion KX II’s default username
and password are admin/raritan (all lower
case). However, for the highest level of
security, the Dominion KX II forces the
administrator to change the Dominion KX
II default administrative username and
password when the unit is first booted up.
I changed and subsequently
forgot Dominion KX II’s
administrative password; can
you retrieve it for me?
Dominion KX II contains a hardware reset
button that can be used to factory reset
the device, which will reset the
administrative password on the device to
the default password.
How do I migrate from the
Dominion KX I to Dominion
KX II?
In general, KX I customers can continue to
use their existing switches for many years.
As their data centers expand, customers
can purchase and use the new KX II
models. Raritan’s centralized management
appliance, CommandCenter Secure
Gateway (CC-SG), and the Multiplatform
Client (MPC) both support KX I and KX II
switches seamlessly.
Will my existing KX I CIMs
work with Dominion KX II
switches?
Yes. Existing KX I CIMs will work with the
Dominion KX II switch. In addition, select
Paragon CIMs will work with the KX II.
This provides an easy migration to KX II
for Paragon I customers who wish to
switch to KVM over IP. However, you may
want to consider the D2CIM-VUSB and
D2CIM-DVUSB CIMs that support virtual
media and Absolute Mouse
Synchronization. Additionally, digital video
CIMs supporting DVI, HDMI, and Display
Port are also available.
405
Index
A
A. AC Power • 31
About the Active KVM Client • 64
Absolute Mouse Mode • 85
Access and Control Target Servers Remotely •
41
Accessing a Target Server • 41, 282
Accessing the KX II Using CLI • 272
Accessing Virtual Media on a Windows 2000
Server Using a D2CIM-VUSB • 363
Active System Partitions • 363
Adding a New User • 142, 143
Adding a New User Group • 132, 142
Adding Attributes to the Class • 343
Adding Scripts • 226, 296
Adding, Deleting and Editing Favorites • 61
Adjusting Capture and Playback Buffer Size
(Audio Settings) • 91, 92, 94, 97
Adjusting Video Settings • 77
Administering the KX II Console Server
Configuration Commands • 277
AKC Download Server Certification Validation
IPv6 Support Notes • 351
AKC Supported .NET Framework, Operating
Systems and Browsers • 64
Apple Macintosh Settings • 30
Applying and Removing Scripts • 225, 229,
295
Assigning an IP Address • 35
Associating Outlets with Target Servers • 193
Audio • 91, 320, 358
Audio in a Linux Environment • 358
Audio in a Mac Environment • 359
Audio in a Windows Environment • 359
Audio Level • 320
Audio Playback and Capture Issues • 358
Audio Playback and Capture
Recommendations and Requirements • 94,
95, 320
Audit Log • 251, 294, 299
Authentication Settings • 143
Auto-Sense Video Settings • 76
Available Resolutions • 281
Available USB Profiles • 123, 360
B
B. Modem Port (Optional) • 31
Backup and Restore • 208, 231, 254
Bandwidth and KVM-over-IP Performance •
375
Bandwidth Requirements • 321
Blade Chassis - Port Access Page • 54
Blade Chassis Sample URL Formats • 200,
204, 206, 215
Blade Servers • 385
Building a Keyboard Macro • 73
C
C. Network Port • 32
Cabling Example in Tiered Configurations •
167
Calibrating Color • 76
CC-SG • 365
Certified Modems • 174, 322
Changing a Password • 156
Changing a USB Profile when Using a Smart
Card Reader • 361
Changing the Default GUI Language Setting •
233
Changing the Default Password • 35
Changing the Keyboard Layout Code (Sun
Targets) • 42
Changing the Maximum Refresh Rate • 81
Checking Your Browser for AES Encryption •
240, 241, 242
CIM Compatibility • 123
CIMs • 364
CIMs Required for Dual Video Support • 91,
335
Cisco ACS 5.x for RADIUS Authentication •
152
CLI Commands • 271, 276
CLI Prompts • 276
CLI Syntax -Tips and Shortcuts • 274
Client Launch Settings • 88
Command Line Interface (CLI) • 271
Common Commands for All Command Line
Interface Levels • 274
Completion of Commands • 273
Computer Interface Modules (CIMs) • 398
Conditions when Read/Write is Not Available •
115, 118
Configure Date/Time Settings (Optional) • 37
Configure Scan Settings in VKC and AKC •
56, 58, 89, 284
407
Index
Configuring and Enabling Tiering • 9, 53, 135,
137, 140, 164, 221
Configuring Blade Chassis • 195
Configuring CIM Ports • 189, 311
Configuring Date/Time Settings • 174, 247
Configuring Event Management - Destinations
• 172, 175, 177, 182
Configuring Event Management - Settings •
175, 182
Configuring IP Access Control • 244
Configuring KVM Switches • 164, 188
Configuring KX II Local Console Local Port
Settings • 287, 290
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings • 33,
220, 224, 293
Configuring KX II Local Port Settings from the
Local Console • 289, 293
Configuring Modem Settings • 31, 172
Configuring Network • 277
Configuring Ports • 185
Configuring Rack PDU (Power Strip) Targets •
190
Configuring SNMP Agents • 170, 176
Configuring SNMP Traps • 172, 175, 176
Configuring Standard Target Servers • 186,
332
Configuring USB Profiles (Port Page) • 130,
205, 217
Connect and Disconnect Scripts • 225, 295
Connect Key Examples • 222, 287, 291
Connecting a Rack PDU • 190
Connecting and Disconnecting a Digital Audio
Device • 91, 92, 94, 95
Connecting the Paragon II to the KX II • 339
Connecting to a Single Target Server from
Multiple Remote Clients • 91, 92, 94, 95
Connecting to Multiple Targets from a Single
Remote Client • 91, 92, 95
Connecting to Virtual Media • 118
Connection Information • 70
Connection Properties • 68
Create User Groups and Users • 41
Creating a Dual Video Port Group • 168, 230,
232, 328, 332, 337
Creating a New Attribute • 342
Creating Port Groups • 230, 231
Ctrl+Alt+Del Macro • 75
D
D. Local Access Port (Local Video Display,
Keyboard and Mouse) • 33
408
Default Login Information • 14, 17
Dell Blade Chassis Configuration • 199
Dell Chassis Cable Lengths and Video
Resolutions • 197, 199, 203, 319
Desktop Background • 18
Device Diagnostics • 269
Device Information • 252
Device Management • 43, 53, 157
Device Services • 162, 199, 203
Devices Supported by the Extended Local
Port • 322
Diagnostics • 264
Digital Audio • 91
Digital CIM Target Server Timing and Video
Resolution • 34, 310, 335
Direct Port Access and Dual Port Video
Groups • 337
Disconnecting a Target Server • 42
Disconnecting Users from Ports • 140, 141,
142
Disconnecting Virtual Media • 116, 121
Discovering Devices on the KX II Subnet • 61
Discovering Devices on the Local Subnet • 60
Documentation and Support • 404
Drive Partitions • 363
Dual Port Video Group Usability Notes • 335
Dual Port Video Groups - Port Access Page •
54
Dual Port Video Groups Displayed on the
Ports Page • 337
Dual Stack Login Performance Issues • 351
Dual Video Port Groups • 232, 328
E
E. Target Server Ports • 34
Editing rciusergroup Attributes for User
Members • 345
Enabling Direct Port Access via URL • 168,
337
Enabling FIPS 140-2 • 241, 243
Enabling SSH • 162
Enabling the AKC Download Server Certificate
Validation • 169
Enabling Tiering • 165
Encryption & Share • 94, 240, 243, 299
Entering the Discovery Port • 163
Ethernet and IP Networking • 380
Event Management • 175
Events Captured in the Audit Log and Syslog •
251, 326
Index
Example Dual Port Video Group Configuration
• 329
Extended Local Port (Dominion KX2-832 and
KX2-864 models only) • 392
F
Favorites List Page • 60, 61
Fedora • 356
FIPS 140-2 Support Requirements • 243
Forward Mount • 14
French Keyboard • 353
Frequently Asked Questions • 367
From LDAP/LDAPS • 341
From Microsoft Active Directory • 341
Full Screen Mode • 90
G
General FAQs • 368
General Settings • 86
Generic Blade Chassis Configuration • 197
Getting Started • 18, 275, 331
Group-Based IP ACL (Access Control List) •
133, 137, 139, 244
H
Handling Conflicts in Profile Names • 257
Hardware • 9
Help for Choosing USB Profiles • 359
Help Options • 101
Hot Keys and Connect Keys • 287
HP and Cisco USC Blade Chassis
Configuration (Port Group Management) •
208, 210, 230, 231
HTTP and HTTPS Port Settings • 162, 325
I
IBM AIX 5.3 Settings • 29
IBM Blade Chassis Configuration • 203
Implementing LDAP/LDAPS Remote
Authentication • 144, 149
Implementing RADIUS Remote Authentication
• 149
Import/Export Keyboard Macros • 71
Importing and Exporting Scripts • 226, 229,
296
Informational Notes • 91, 323, 349
Initial Configuration Using CLI • 275
Installation • 388
Installation and Configuration • 14
Intelligent Mouse Mode • 18, 84
Intelligent Power Distribution Unit (PDU)
Control • 394
Interface and Navigation • 47
Interface Command • 278
Introduction • 1
IPv6 Command • 279
IPv6 Networking • 383
IPv6 Support Notes • 350
J
Java Runtime Environment (JRE) • 349
K
Keyboard Language Preference (Fedora Linux
Clients) • 354
Keyboard Limitations • 87
Keyboard Macros • 70
Keyboard Options • 70
Keyboards • 353
KX II Client Applications • 5
KX II Console Navigation • 50
KX II Device Photos • 7
KX II Help • 4
KX II Interface • 47
KX II Interfaces • 44
KX II Local Console • 280
KX II Local Console Factory Reset • 294
KX II Local Console Interface
KX II Devices • 45, 281
KX II Overview • 2
KX II Physical Specifications • 8, 301
KX II Remote Console Interface • 45
KX II to KX II Guidelines • 313
KX II to Paragon II Guidelines • 314
KX2 8xx Extended Local Port Recommended
Maximum Distances • 322
KX2-808, KX2-832 and KX2-864 Standard
and Extended Local Port Settings • 220, 224
L
LAN Interface Settings • 37, 157, 160
Launching MPC from a Web Browser • 101
Launching MPC on Mac Lion Clients • 352
Launching the KX II Remote Console • 45
Left Panel • 48, 177
Linux Settings (for Standard Mouse Mode) •
24
Linux Settings (Red Hat 4 and 5, and Fedora
14) • 22
List of KX II SNMP Traps • 172, 176, 178
Local Console Smart Card Access • 99, 285
409
Index
Local Console USB Profile Options • 286
Local Port • 390
Local Port Administration • 289
Local Port Consolidation, Tiering and
Cascading • 396
Local Port Requirements • 317
Logging In • 272, 273
Logging Out • 62
Logging Users Off the KX II (Force Logoff) •
140, 141, 142
Login Limitations • 234, 235
Network Settings • 30, 35, 37, 157, 158, 160,
325
Network Speed Settings • 161, 326
Network Statistics Page • 265
Non-US Keyboards • 353
Note on Microsoft Active Directory • 40
Note to CC-SG Users • 40
Number of Supported Audio/Virtual Media and
Smartcard Connections • 322
M
Overview • 14, 103, 108, 122, 271, 280, 328,
338, 349
Mac and Linux Locked, Mapped Drives • 363
Mac Mini BIOS Keystroke Commands • 351
Mac Notes • 351
Macintosh Keyboard • 355
Maintenance • 251
Make Linux Settings Permanent • 26
Make UNIX Settings Permanent • 30
Manage Favorites Page • 60
Manageability • 403
Managing Favorites • 49, 59
Miscellaneous • 404
Modifying an Existing User • 143
Modifying an Existing User Group • 139
Modifying and Removing Keyboard Macros •
75
Modifying Scripts • 229, 299
Mounting CD-ROM/DVD-ROM/ISO Images •
116, 119
Mounting Local Drives • 118
Mouse Modes when Using the Mac OS-X USB
Profile with a DCIM-VUSB • 130, 217
Mouse Options • 81
Mouse Pointer Synchronization • 82
Mouse Pointer Synchronization (Fedora) • 356
Mouse Settings • 18, 331, 332
Moving Between Ports on a Device • 366
Multi-Platform Client (MPC) • 101
N
Name Command • 279
Naming Target Servers • 38
Naming the Rack PDU (Port Page for Power
Strips) • 191
Navigation of the CLI • 273
Network Basic Settings • 157, 158
Network Interface Page • 264
410
O
P
Package Contents • 13
Permissions and Dual Video Port Group
Access • 233, 336
Ping Host Page • 267
Port Access Page (Local Console Server
Display) • 282
Port Access Page (Remote Console Display) •
47, 51, 195, 282, 337
Port Action Menu • 52, 55
Port Group Management • 230
Power Supply Setup • 31, 40, 184
Prerequisites for Using AKC • 64, 65
Prerequisites for Using Virtual Media • 111,
115
Product Features • 9
Proxy Mode and MPC • 366
Proxy Server Configuration for Use with MPC,
VKC and AKC • 62
R
Rack Mounting • 14
Rack PDU (Power Strip) Outlet Control • 103
RADIUS Communication Exchange
Specifications • 153
Raritan Client Navigation when Using Dual
Video Port Groups • 337
Rear Mount • 16
Rebooting the KX II • 261
Recommendations for Audio Connections
when PC Share Mode is Enabled • 320
Recommendations for Dual Port Video • 91,
334
Refreshing the Screen • 76
Related Documentation • 5
Relationship Between Users and Groups • 132
Index
Remote Access • 370
Remote Authentication • 40, 223, 292
Remote Client Requirements • 319
Required and Recommended Blade Chassis
Configurations • 197, 199, 203, 214
Resetting the KX II Using the Reset Button •
242, 299
Resolving Fedora Core Focus • 356
Resolving Issues with Firefox Freezing when
Using Fedora • 356
Returning to the KX II Local Console Interface
• 289
Returning User Group Information • 341
Returning User Group Information from Active
Directory Server • 148
Returning User Group Information via RADIUS
• 153
Running a Keyboard Macro • 74
S
Saving Audio Settings • 91, 92, 95
Scaling • 90
Scanning Ports • 47, 53, 56, 89, 221, 337
Scanning Ports - Local Console • 57, 283
Security • 400
Security and Authentication • 281
Security Banner • 249
Security Issues • 277
Security Management • 234
Security Settings • 142, 234
Selecting Profiles for a KVM Port • 130
Servers • 384
Set Scan Tab • 53
Setting CIM Keyboard/Mouse Options • 75
Setting Network Parameters • 275
Setting Parameters • 275
Setting Permissions • 133, 135, 139
Setting Permissions for an Individual Group •
137, 142
Setting Port Permissions • 133, 136, 139
Setting the Registry to Permit Write
Operations to the Schema • 342
Simultaneous Users • 280
Single Mouse Mode • 85
Single Mouse Mode - Connecting to a Target
Under CC-SG Control Via VKC Using
Firefox • 366
Smart Card Access in KX2 8xx Devices • 286
Smart Card Minimum System Requirements •
285, 317
Smart Card Readers • 316
Smart Cards • 98
Smart Cards and CAC Authentication • 401
Software • 10
Special Sun Key Combinations • 288
Specifications • 2, 31, 224, 301
Specifying Power Supply Autodetection • 39
SSH Access from a UNIX/Linux Workstation •
272
SSH Access from a Windows PC • 272
SSH Connection to the KX II • 272
SSL Certificates • 246
Standard Mouse Mode • 83
Step 1
Configure KVM Target Servers • 14, 18
Configure the Target Server Display • 330
Step 2
Configure Network Firewall Settings • 14,
30
Connect the Target Server to the KX II •
331
Step 3
Configure the Mouse Mode and Ports • 332
Connect the Equipment • 14, 31, 38, 186,
197, 199, 203
Step 4
Configure the KX II • 14, 35
Create the Dual Video Port Group • 331,
332
Step 5
Launch a Dual Port Video Group • 333
Launch the KX II Remote Console • 14, 41
Step 6
Configure the Keyboard Language
(Optional) • 14, 42
Step 7
Configure Tiering (Optional) • 14, 43
Stopping CC-SG Management • 262
Strong Passwords • 156, 234, 237
Sun Solaris Settings • 26
Supported and Unsupported Smart Card
Readers • 98, 100, 285, 316
Supported Audio Device Formats • 91, 320
Supported Blade Chassis Models • 197, 199,
203, 210
Supported Browsers • 306
Supported CIMs for Blade Chassis • 197, 199,
203, 211
Supported Computer Interface Module (CIMs)
Specifications • 8, 34, 123, 307, 310, 335
Supported Distance for KX II Integration • 316
Supported Keyboard Languages • 323
Supported Mouse Modes • 91, 334
411
Index
Supported Operating Systems (Clients) • 12,
303
Supported Paragon CIMS and Configurations
• 242, 311, 339
Supported Protocols • 40
Supported Remote Connections • 323
Supported Target Server Connection Distance
and VideoSupported Target Server
Connection Distance/Refresh Rate/Video
Resolution • 34, 306
Supported Video Resolutions • 25, 29, 305,
306, 330, 357
Supported Video Resolutions Not Displaying •
357
SUSE Linux 10.1 Settings • 25
SUSE/VESA Video Modes • 357
Switching between Target Servers • 42
SysLog Configuration • 182
T
Target BIOS Boot Time with Virtual Media •
364
Target Server Requirements • 318
TCP and UDP Ports Used • 324
Terminology • 11, 18
Tiered Devices - Port Access Page • 53
Tiering - Target Types, Supported CIMS and
Tiering Configurations • 164, 166
Tips for Adding a Web Browser Interface •
198, 201, 202, 205, 206, 207, 351
Tool Options • 86, 90
Toolbar Buttons and Status Bar Icons • 65
Trace Route to Host Page • 267
Turning Outlets On/Off and Cycling Power •
104
U
Universal Virtual Media • 372
Unsupported and Limited Features on Tiered
Targets • 166
Updating the LDAP Schema • 148, 341
Updating the Schema Cache • 345
Upgrade History • 260
Upgrading CIMs • 123, 217, 258
Upgrading Firmware • 258
USB Ports and Profiles • 359
USB Profile Management • 256, 257
USB Profiles • 122, 217
User Authentication Process • 155
User Blocking • 234, 238
412
User Group List • 132
User Groups • 131
User Management • 41, 131, 281
Users • 140
Using KX II to Access Paragon II • 338
Using Scan Options • 58, 284
Using Screenshot from Target • 80
Using Virtual Media • 115
V
Video Modes and Resolutions • 357
Video Properties • 76
View by Group Tab • 53
View by Search Tab • 53
View Options • 89
View Status Bar • 90
View the KX II Users List • 140
View Toolbar • 89
View Users by Port • 140, 141
Viewing the KX II MIB • 170, 176, 181
Virtual KVM Client (VKC) and Active KVM
Client (AKC) • 46, 64
Virtual KVM Client Version Not Known from
CC-SG Proxy Mode • 365
Virtual Media • 6, 107, 362
Virtual Media Connection Failures Using High
Speed for Virtual Media Connections • 364
Virtual Media File Server Setup (File Server
ISO Images Only) • 115, 116
Virtual Media in a Linux Environment • 113
Virtual Media in a Mac Environment • 115
Virtual Media in a Windows XP Environment •
112
Virtual Media Linux Drive Listed Twice • 363
Virtual Media Not Refreshed After Files Added
• 363
Virtual Media via VKC and AKC in a Windows
Environment • 362
VKC and MPC Smart Card Connections to
Fedora Servers • 356
VM-CIMs and DL360 USB Ports • 359
W
What's New in the Help • 4
Windows 2000 Composite USB Device
Behavior for Virtual Media • 365
Windows 2000 Settings • 22
Windows 3-Button Mouse on Linux Targets •
364
Windows 7 and Windows Vista Settings • 20
Index
Windows XP, Windows 2003 and Windows
2008 Settings • 18
Working with Target Servers • 5, 44, 196
413
U.S./Canada/Latin America
Monday - Friday
8 a.m. - 6 p.m. ET
Phone: 800-724-8090 or 732-764-8886
For CommandCenter NOC: Press 6, then Press 1
For CommandCenter Secure Gateway: Press 6, then Press 2
Fax: 732-764-8887
Email for CommandCenter NOC: tech-ccnoc@raritan.com
Email for all other products: tech@raritan.com
China
Europe
Europe
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. GMT+1 CET
Phone: +31-10-2844040
Email: tech.europe@raritan.com
United Kingdom
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. GMT
Phone +44(0)20-7090-1390
Beijing
France
Monday - Friday
9 a.m. - 6 p.m. local time
Phone: +86-10-88091890
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5 p.m. GMT+1 CET
Phone: +33-1-47-56-20-39
Shanghai
Germany
Monday - Friday
9 a.m. - 6 p.m. local time
Phone: +86-21-5425-2499
Monday - Friday
8:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. GMT+1 CET
Phone: +49-20-17-47-98-0
Email: rg-support@raritan.com
GuangZhou
Monday - Friday
9 a.m. - 6 p.m. local time
Phone: +86-20-8755-5561
India
Monday - Friday
9 a.m. - 6 p.m. local time
Phone: +91-124-410-7881
Japan
Monday - Friday
9:30 a.m. - 5:30 p.m. local time
Phone: +81-3-3523-5991
Email: support.japan@raritan.com
Melbourne, Australia
Monday - Friday
9:00 a.m. - 6 p.m. local time
Phone: +61-3-9866-6887
Taiwan
Monday - Friday
9 a.m. - 6 p.m. GMT -5 Standard -4 Daylight
Phone: +886-2-8919-1333
Email: support.apac@raritan.com
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