PICSTART Plus User`s Guide

PICSTART Plus User`s Guide
PICSTARTPlus
User’s Guide
Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only
and may be superseded by updates. No representation or warranty is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip
Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other
intellectual property rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in life
support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip. No licenses are conveyed,
implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights.
The Microchip logo and name, PIC, PICMASTER, PICSTART, and TrueGauge are registered trademarks of Microchip
Technology Incorporated in the U.S.A. and other countries. MPLAB, and PRO MATE are trademarks of Microchip in the
U.S.A.
All rights reserved. All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective companies.
 Microchip Technology Incorporated 1995.
fuzzyTECH is a registered trademark of Inform Software Corporation.
Intel is a registered trademark of Intel Corporation.
IBM PC/AT is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
Netscape is a trademark of Netscape Communications Corporation.
Windows, Excel and Microsoft Explorer, Dynamic Data Exchange are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Table of Contents
PICSTART Plus Preview
A Quick Look at PICSTART Plus Development System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Chapter 1.
About PICSTART Plus
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
MPLAB Integrated Development Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
PICSTART Plus Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
About This Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Recommended Reading . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Warranty Registration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Customer Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Chapter 2.
PICSTART Plus Installation
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
PICSTART Plus Setup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Chapter 3.
PICSTART Plus Basic Functions
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Enabling the PICSTART Plus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
The PICSTART Plus Program Status dialog . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Programming a Microcontroller Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Verifying a Microcontroller Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Checking for a Blank Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Reading a Device Master . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Files Used by PICSTART Plus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Chapter 4.
Using PICSTART Plus
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Highlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Preliminary Setup Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Accessing MPLAB Tools and Menu Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Loading PIC16/17 Hex Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Checking For a Blank Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Programming a Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Reading a Device Master . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
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PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 5.
PICSTART Plus Menu Options
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Programmer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Options . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Chapter 6.
Migrating from Other PICSTART Systems
Appendix A. Troubleshooting Guide
Appendix B. On Line Support
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Connecting to the Microchip Internet Web Site . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Connecting to the Microchip BBS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Using the Bulletin Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
Software Releases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
Systems Information and Upgrade Hot Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Appendix C. Connecting to a 25-Pin Serial Port
Glossary
Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
PICSTART Plus Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Index
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
DS51028A - page ii
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
PICSTART Plus Preview
A Quick Look at PICSTART Plus Development System
What is PICSTART Plus
Congratulations on selecting the PICSTART Plus, a Microchip microcontroller
development programmer. The PICSTART Plus enables you to quickly and
easily program user software into PIC16/17 18-pin, 28-pin, and 40-pin
microcontroller devices (DIP packages only).
Note:
The PICSTART Plus development system is designed for use in
firmware development and is not intended for production use.
The PICSTART Plus is CE compliant.
The PICSTART Plus development system is designed, tested and certified to
meet the Electromagnetic Compatibility requirements known as the CE
compliance directives. These standards set by the European Union (EU)
countries include limiting radiated emission, improving susceptibility to
radiated emission and improving susceptibility to Electrostatic Discharge
(ESD).
How PICSTART Plus Helps You
The PICSTART Plus device programmer is a device programmer system that
has the following features:
•
Programs PIC16/17 microcontrollers
•
Operates a Windows® 3.1 application on a PC compatible host system
with the MPLAB™ Integrated Development Environment
•
Communicates with the PC via a standard RS-232 cable
•
With MPLAB the user can create, display, and edit files to be
programmed into PIC16/17 microcontrollers
The PICSTART Plus device programmer comes with the following
accessories for you to use with the PC Host computer:
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
•
RS-232 Interface cable to a standard PC serial port
•
Universal power supply
•
MPLAB, an Integrated Development Environment including a text editor,
project manager, MPASM assembler, and MPLAB-SIM debugger
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PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 1. About PICSTART Plus
Introduction
This section will present an overview of the PICSTART Plus development
programmer. The features and requirements of PICSTART Plus are
presented.
MPLAB Integrated Development Environment
The MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE) is the host software
for PICSTART Plus. You will be able to load in your hex files and program with
the PICSTART Plus without reading the MPLAB User’s Guide. To take
advantage of the MPLAB editor, project manager, and built in MPASM
support, read the MPLAB User’s Guide. With MPLAB-SIM (described in the
MPLAB User’s Guide) you will be able to test execution of your code and
perform most debugging functions without an emulator.
PICSTART Plus Tools
You can set up PICSTART Plus on any serial communications port on
your PC.
PICSTART Plus provides you with all the tools to program development code
(firmware) into PIC16/17 devices.
You can program memory, configuration bits, and ID locations into PIC16/17
devices.
You can verify that PIC16/17 microcontrollers are blank, verify that code in the
target microcontroller matches your firmware, and you can read code from an
unprotected PIC16/17 microcontroller into MPLAB’s program memory window
for debugging and programming into other PIC16/17 devices.
System Requirements
MPLAB installed on IBM PC/AT® compatible 386 or better with:
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
•
Windows® 3.1
•
4 MB of Memory, 16 MB Recommended
•
8 MB of Hard Disk Space, 20 MB Recommended
•
Serial Port
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PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
About This Guide
This user guide describes how to use the PICSTART Plus development
programmer with MPLAB, the Integrated Development Environment for
Microchip development tools. The layout of the manual is as follows:
Chapter 1 - About PICSTART Plus - An overview of the features and
benefits of the PICSTART Plus development programmer.
Chapter 2 - PICSTART Plus Installation - Instructions for installing the
PICSTART Plus hardware and software.
Chapter 3 - PICSTART Plus Basic Functions - An overview of the features
of PICSTART Plus, covering all the basic hardware functions, and explaining
the MPLAB software interface.
Chapter 4 - Using PICSTART Plus - A walk-through on using
PICSTART Plus in a typical application.
Chapter 5 - PICSTART Plus Menu Options - Reference material that covers
each of the PICSTART Plus MPLAB menu options, and the basic MPLAB
software dialogs for PICSTART Plus.
Chapter 6 - Migrating from Other PICSTART Systems - Information for
users of other PICSTART systems.
Appendix A - Troubleshooting Guide - A list of solutions for common
problems.
Appendix B - On Line Support - Information on Microchip’s electronic
support services.
Appendix C - Connecting to a 25-pin Serial port - Connection details on
hooking PICSTART Plus up to a 25-pin RS-232 serial port
Index - Alphabetical index to PICSTART Plus User’s Guide
Worldwide Sales and Service - Listing of worldwide Microchip sales offices.
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 1. About PICSTART Plus
Recommended Reading
README.PLS For the latest information on using PICSTART Plus, read the
README.PLS file on the PICSTART diskette. The README.PLS file contains
update information that may not be included in this manual.
PIC16/17 Microcontroller Data Book Contains comprehensive data sheets
for Microchip PIC16/17 microcontroller devices available at print time.
Document Number DS00158, Microchip Technology Inc., Chandler, AZ.
Embedded Control Handbook Contains a wealth of information about
microcontroller applications. The application notes described in this manual
are also available electronically through the Microchip BBS or from the
Microchip Internet Home Page (see Appendix B for On Line Support
information). Document Number DS00092, Microchip Technology Inc.,
Chandler, AZ.
MPLAB User’s Guide Comprehensive guide that describes installation and
features of Microchip’s MPLAB, Integrated Development Environment, as well
as the editor and simulator functions in the MPLAB environment. Document
Number DS30421B, Microchip Technology Inc., Chandler, AZ.
Warranty Registration
Upon receiving the software diskettes, complete the enclosed Warranty
Registration Card and mail it promptly. Sending in your Warranty Registration
Card will ensure that you receive new product updates and notification of
interim software releases that may become available.
Customer Support
Microchip endeavors at all times to provide the best service and
responsiveness possible to its customers. Technical support questions should
first be directed to your distributor and representative, local sales office, Field
Application Engineer (FAE), or Corporate Applications Engineer (CAE).
The Microchip Internet Home Page can provide you with technical information,
application notes, and promotional news on Microchip products and
technology. The Microchip Web address is http://www.microchip.com.
You can also check with the Microchip BBS (Bulletin Board System) for
non-urgent support, customer forums, and the latest revisions of Microchip
systems development products. Refer to “Appendix B: On Line Support” for
access information.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 2. PICSTART Plus Installation
Introduction
The PICSTART Plus development system requires the installation of
MPLAB IDE software as well as interconnecting the hardware to the PC. This
chapter covers the details of both software and hardware set up, including
serial port configuration, processor selection, and enabling the
PICSTART Plus from MPLAB.
PICSTART Plus Setup
Installing PICSTART Plus Hardware
PICSTART Plus provides communications with the host PC via an RS-232
9-pin D type connector. PICSTART Plus is DCE (data communication
equipment), and hardware handshaking is via CTS (clear to send) and RTS
(request to send).
Check your PC set up to see which communications port is available. Usually
a mouse device is connected to COM1 or COM2. If you have a modem, you
may not have a third serial port on your PC.
Connect the cable from your COM port to the PICSTART Plus development
programmer.
A 6-foot data cable with DB-9 connectors is supplied with PICSTART Plus. All
lines on the data cable are wired straight through. This cable is NOT a null
modem cable.
PICSTART Plus Power Supply
The PICSTART Plus comes with a universal input power supply with IEC
(International Electrotechnical Commission) power cord.
PICSTART Plus requires +9 volts +/- 10% at 500 mA (max.) on the center
positive 2.5 mm terminal.
Plug the power supply into a power socket and connect the power supply
cable to the PICSTART Plus.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 7
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Configuring MPLAB for PICSTART Plus
You should install the MPLAB software by following the instructions in the
MPLAB User’s Guide. This is a brief summary:
•
Insert MPLAB installation diskette 1 into drive A:
•
From the Program Manager Run option, type A:Setup.
•
Follow the on-screen instructions and install MPLAB
•
Double click on the MPLAB icon to run MPLAB
Installing PICSTART Plus Software
•
Insert PICSTART Plus diskette 1 into drive A:
•
From the Program Manager Run option, type A:Setup.
•
Follow the on-screen instructions and install PICSTART Plus
Configuring Serial Port for PICSTART Plus
If you are not already running the MPLAB software, double click on the
MPLAB icon now to start. From the Options menu, select
PICSTARTPlusSetup>CommunicationsPortSetup.
Figure 2.1 Communications Port Setup Dialog
The Communications Port Setup Dialog shows the possible PC serial
communication ports. If the Auto-Display program dialog checkbox is
checked, the Program/Verify dialog automatically pops up when the
programmer is enabled. OK sets the options. Cancel will ignore the changes
and close the dialog.
DS51028A - page 8
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 3. PICSTART Plus Basic Functions
Introduction
This chapter describes the basic functions of the PICSTART Plus
development system. Once the hardware and software are installed as
described in Chapter 2, the various functions of PICSTART Plus can be used
as described here. Chapter 4 provides a quick sample session using
PICSTART Plus.
Highlights
This chapter covers
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
•
Enabling the PICSTART Plus
•
Setting Configuration Bits and ID’s
•
Selecting the PICSTART Plus Target PIC16/17 Microcontroller
•
The PICSTART Plus Program Status Window
•
Programming a Microcontroller Device
•
Verifying a Microcontroller Device
•
Checking for a Blank Device
•
Reading a Device Master
•
Files Used by PICSTART Plus
DS51028A - page 9
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Enabling the PICSTART Plus
Figure 3.1 PICSTART Plus Programmer pull down menu
To enable PICSTART Plus, select the Programmer pull down menu and click
Enable Programmer to establish communications with PICSTART Plus.
Once the programmer is enabled, this dialog will show “Disable Programmer”
and can be used to disable PICSTART Plus.
Figure 3.2 Programmer Status Dialog
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 3. PICSTART Plus Basic Functions
Programmer status dialog is displayed whenever the programmer is enabled.
The options on the screen will show the current values if active, or will be
disabled. Depending upon which processor you are currently configured for,
these items will be enabled or grayed out. For the PICSTART Plus the voltage
section is set to default voltage and cannot be changed.
From this dialog you can set these items (if they are setable in your currently
selected microcontroller):
•
Device - This sets the device type to use with PICSTART Plus
•
Oscillator - This sets the configuration bits for the oscillator mode
•
Watch Dog Timer - Configuration bit setting to enable WDT
•
Processor Mode - For PIC17Cxx family processor mode select
•
Brown Out Detect - For configuration bits that enable brown out
detection
•
Code Protect - For code protection bits
•
Power Up Timer - For Timer power up bits
Pressing the Set ID button on the Programmer Status dialog will pop up the
Edit ID Dialog.
Figure 3.3 Edit ID Dialog
If a particular ID value is to be programmed, check the “User Entry” box and
enter the 4-digit hex value for the ID. Click on CheckSum to have the
checksum automatically programmed into the device. OK sets the option,
Cancel cancels the screen and returns to the Programmer Status dialog.
Setting Configuration Bits and ID’s
Configuration bits can be manually entered from the Program Status dialog.
You can also specify the configuration bit values in your source code. Use the
__CONFIG directive in MPASM to set the configuration bits for the device to
be programmed. You can also use the __IDLOCS directive to set the ID bytes
from MPASM. Each time you rebuild your project or reload your hex file, the
configuration bits and ID locations will be set according to the values from
these directives.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
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PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
The PICSTART Plus Program Status dialog
The Programmer Status dialog is shown on the screen whenever the
PICSTART Plus is enabled. This dialog displays the current setting of the
configuration bits for the target microcontroller.
Figure 3.4 Programmer Status Dialog
Programming a Microcontroller Device
When you select Program/Verify from the PICSTART Plus menu, the following
dialog will be activated:
Figure 3.5 Program/Verify Dialog
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 3. PICSTART Plus Basic Functions
The Program/Verify Dialog is used to send code to the target device
(Program) or to check that the data in the current device matches the code in
the Program Memory window (Verify). For normal programming use the
default addresses.
If you do not wish to program the configuration bits and the ID’s with the
values shown in the Programmer Status dialog, remove the checks from the
second and third boxes.
Options not available on the currently selected processor will be grayed out,
and cannot be selected.
When you select Program/Verify, the following sequence is initiated:
1. The PICSTART Plus checks to see if the selected areas are not blank. If
the microcontroller device is not blank, PICSTART Plus asks if you want
to continue.
2. PICSTART Plus automatically programs the selected options on the
microcontroller device inserted in the socket.
3. PICSTART Plus performs a check of the selected options to verify the
data programmed into the microcontroller device and returns the results
of the verification. Although you can also select verify manually, the
Verify option takes place every time a device is programmed.
Verifying a Microcontroller Device
You can choose to manually verify the contents of the target device at any
time by selecting Verify from the Program/Verify dialog.
Checking for a Blank Device
The PICSTART Plus checks the microcontroller device to verify that all
program locations contain ones (the erased state).
Reading a Device Master
PICSTART Plus reads the microcontroller device contents and copies the
information into MPLAB’s Program Memory window and Programmer Status
dialog.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 13
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Figure 3.6 Read Device Dialog
The Read Device dialog is just like the top half of the Program/Verify dialog.
Depending upon how you have MPLAB set up, reading a device will have
different effects.
Program Memory and PICSTART Plus
For MPLAB, Program Memory can mean various things. When in the
PICMASTER emulator mode, Program Memory shows the data that is in the
emulation memory of the PICMASTER pod. This memory is read by the
PICMASTER probe when you run, single step, or trace using the emulator.
When in the simulator mode, the Program Memory window reflects memory
as seen by MPLAB-SIM. This memory is read by MPLAB-SIM when you run,
single step, or trace.
When you are in Editor Only mode, the Program Memory window is
unavailable unless PICSTART Plus is enabled. When you are using
PICSTART Plus, the Program Memory window represents data that is to be
programmed into the target device inserted into PICSTART Plus, or
represents data that has been read from the target device.
If you read memory from PICSTART Plus while in emulator or simulator mode,
the emulator or simulator program memory will be overwritten.
Because of these various uses of the Program Memory window, you should
be aware of potential “mis-matches” if you read data from a target device
while you have an MPLAB project open. You will be given an option to either
close the current MPLAB project or to continue and read the device’s memory
into the Program Memory window. Debug operations may not work properly,
and data in other windows may not match the newly read data from
PICSTART Plus.
DS51028A - page 14
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 3. PICSTART Plus Basic Functions
Figure 3.7 Program Memory Window
You can view the Program Memory in hex, machine code, or disassembler
with symbols (if available).
Files Used by PICSTART Plus
PICSTART Plus can use information directly from MPLAB projects without
any intermediate steps. MPASM can be used separately from MPLAB to
produce hex files for PICSTART Plus. Alternatively, devices can be
programmed with hex files from any PIC16/17 microcontroller compatible
cross-assembler or cross-compiler.
If you are using MPASM separate from MPLAB, or are generating hex files
from within MPLAB for use later with PICSTART Plus, you should use either
INHX8M or INHX32 hex formats. MPASM’s default output format for hex files
is INHX8M. If you are programming PIC17CXX devices, you should use
INHX32 format. See MPASM User’s Guide for details on file formats.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
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 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 4. Using PICSTART Plus
Introduction
This chapter will cover the basic operation of the PICSTART Plus
development programmer. This will cover the main steps for programming
and reading a device.
Highlights
This chapter covers these topics:
•
Preliminary Setup Requirements
•
Accessing MPLAB Tools and Menu Functions
•
Loading PIC16/17 Hex Code
•
Checking For a Blank Device
•
Programming a Device
•
Reading a Device Master
Preliminary Setup Requirements
Make sure that you have gone through the hardware and software installation
procedures as described in Chapter 2. You should have the PICSTART Plus
development programmer connected to the PC with a cable to your serial
port, and MPLAB should be communicating with PICSTART Plus as
described in Chapter 3.
You should have an unprogrammed PIC16/17 device to use in this tutorial,
and you should have some code to use, either in the form of a hex file, or as a
source text file which can be built using an MPLAB project.
Accessing MPLAB Tools and Menu Functions
MPLAB functions are accessed from standard Windows 3.1 style pull down
menus. The MPLAB menus are discussed at length in the MPLAB User’s
Guide. You can take the time to learn about MPLAB Projects and use the
editor and simulator to write and debug your code if you wish.
If you already have your code finished, or prefer not to use the MPLAB IDE,
you can simply use MPLAB as host software to import your code, and control
PICSTART Plus. You will not need to read the MPLAB manual to use
PICSTART Plus.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 17
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Loading PIC16/17 Hex Code
Using PICSTART Plus without MPLAB Projects
If you have a .HEX file ready for programming into a PIC16/17 microcontroller,
use the File menu to select Import>Download to Memory to load your code
into the MPLAB Program Memory window. After you have loaded your code
into MPLAB, use the PICSTART Plus pull down menu to select Program/
Verify. This will bring up the Program/Verify dialog and you can program your
code into the device in the PICSTART Plus socket.
Figure 4.1 Program/Verify Dialog
Using PICSTART Plus with MPLAB Projects
If you have read the MPLAB User’s Guide and are building your firmware
code using an MPLAB project, code shown in the Program Memory window
can be directly programmed into the PIC16/17 device. Select Program/Verify
from the PICSTART Plus pull down menu, and click Program.
If you have configuration bits set in your source code, then every time you
re-build your project, the configuration bits shown in Programmer Status
dialog will be updated with those values. If you do not set configuration bits in
your source code, then these bits will not be changed. You can manually
change them from their default values and they will be programmed into the
PIC16/17 device when you program the microcontroller.
DS51028A - page 18
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 4. Using PICSTART Plus
Figure 4.2 Programmer Status Dialog
You may change the device type for the programmer by selecting a new
device.
Checking For a Blank Device
You can select PICSTARTPlus>BlankCheckAll to verify that a device is
completely erased (all bits are set to a "1"). This will also verify that all
configuration bits are set to a "1" (unprogrammed) state.
Figure 4.3 Blank Check All Menu Dialog
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 19
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
If you are using an OTP (one-time programmable) part, some configuration
bits may be already programmed from the factory (oscillator bits, for instance).
In that case you should select PICSTARTPlus>BlankCheckOTP. This will
check that all program memory bits are set to one’s, and that the configuration
bits match the value in the Programmer Status dialog (Watch Dog Timer,
Oscillator, etc.).
Figure 4.4 Blank Check OTP Menu Dialog
Programming a Device
Make sure that the device as shown on MPLAB’s Programmer Status dialog is
the same as the device you are ready to program.
Insert a device to be programmed into the PICSTART Plus socket. Position
pin one on the device to be in the pin one position as shown on the diagram
next to the socket.
Figure 4.5 Programmer Status Dialog
DS51028A - page 20
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 4. Using PICSTART Plus
Select PICSTARTPlus>Program/Verify to bring up the Program/Verify dialog.
Ensure that the address range is correct and that the appropriate options are
checked.
Click Program, and PICSTART Plus will program the data into your device.
PICSTART Plus will immediately verify that the device was correctly
programmed.
Reading a Device Master
If you want to copy the data from a programmed PIC16/17 device into an
unprogrammed device, you can select PICSTARTPlus>ReadDevice to bring
up the Read Device dialog. Leave the settings to their default state to read all
of memory into MPLAB. Click Read.
Figure 4.6 Menu Dialog
The Program Memory window will now show you the data read from the
device master, and you can then save that data as a hex file, insert a new
device into PICSTART Plus to copy that same data into a new device, or
modify the data in MPLAB before you save or program another device.
Note:
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Code protected devices can not be copied.
DS51028A - page 21
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A - page 22
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 5. PICSTART Plus Menu Options
Introduction
This chapter covers all of the PICSTART Plus menu items on the MPLAB
Integrated Development Environment, and details the PICSTART Plus dialogs
that control device programming, reading, and verifying.
Programmer
Enable/Disable Programmer
This selection will enable or disable the PICSTART Plus operation. When
PICSTARTPlus>EnableProgrammer is selected, MPLAB will attempt to
establish communications with the PICSTART Plus. You will get an error
message if the COM port is not set correctly, if the PICSTART Plus is not
hooked up, or if the PICSTART Plus power supply is not connected.
Figure 5.1 Programmer Enable Programmer Dialog
If you do not establish communications at first, you can correct the problem
and select PICSTARTPlus>EnableProgrammer to try to again initialize the
communications between MPLAB and PICSTART Plus.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 23
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
If you are in MPLAB’s Editor mode, then when you enable the
PICSTART Plus, you will be presented with this dialog:
Figure 5.2 Communications Port Dialog
Make sure that the device you have installed in the PICSTART Plus socket
matches the device as shown on the MPLAB Status bar (bottom of screen). If
devices do not match, then they will not be programmed or read correctly.
If you are in MPLAB’s Simulator or Emulator mode, you will not be presented
with this dialog. The processor will be the same as selected in your MPLAB
project or Options>DevelopmentMode dialog.
Program/Verify
Once communications are set up and you have selected the target
device, you can either load your code from a .HEX file with
File>Import>DownloadToMemory or directly from your recently built project.
In both cases, the code will be shown in MPLAB’s Program Memory window.
Select PICSTARTPlus>Program/Verify to bring up the Program/Verify dialog.
From this dialog, you can either program the data as shown in MPLAB’s
Program Memory window, or verify that the data in the device in the
PICSTART Plus socket matches data in MPLAB’s Program Memory window.
Figure 5.3 Program/Verify Dialog
DS51028A - page 24
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 5. PICSTART Plus Menu Options
Using the check boxes on the Program/Verify dialog, you can select to
program or verify only the program memory or other memory areas on the
target device.
The Start Address and End Address will default to the start and end
addresses of program memory on the selected device. You can change this to
a smaller area by changing the addresses in these boxes.
The configuration bits are set from the Programmer Status dialog, which, in
turn, can be set from your source code, or manually.
Figure 5.4 Program Status Dialog
Click Set ID on the Programmer Status dialog to bring up the Edit ID dialog to
set the value entered into the on-chip ID memory.
Figure 5.5 Edit ID Dialog
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 25
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Read Device
When you select PICSTARTPlus>ReadDevice, the Read Device dialog will
appear on your screen. Like the Program/Verify, you can set the program
memory range and the other read options.
Figure 5.6 Read Device Dialog
After reading a device into MPLAB, its data will appear in the Program
Memory window. Data can be changed using the Modify dialog, and it can be
saved it to a hex file with File>Export>SaveHexFile.
Figure 5.7 Save Hex File Dialog
DS51028A - page 26
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 5. PICSTART Plus Menu Options
If you have a PICMASTER® emulator connected to MPLAB, your code will be
downloaded to the emulated program memory of the PICMASTER. If you
have a project open, you will be asked if you want to close it before reading
memory from a device. If you elect to keep your project open be aware that
the Absolute Listing window and the Source window may not match the data
you have read into the Program Memory window. Symbols may not match the
proper addresses in the Program Memory window, and code in the
PICMASTER’s memory, as shown in the Program Memory window, may be
different than code shown in the Absolute Listing window.
Figure 5.8 Program Memory Window
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 27
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Blank Check All
You can select PICSTARTPlus>BlankCheckAll to verify that a device is
completely erased (all bits are set to a "1"). This will also verify that all
configuration bits are set to a "1" (unprogrammed) state.
Figure 5.9 Blank Check All Dialog
If you are using an OTP part, some configuration bits may be already
programmed from the factory (oscillator bits, for instance). In that case you
should select PICSTARTPlus>BlankCheckOTP.
Blank Check OTP
If you are using an OTP part, some configuration bits may already be
programmed from the factory (oscillator bits, for instance). In that case you
should select PICSTARTPlus>BlankCheckOTP. This will check that all
program memory bits are set to one’s, and that the configuration bits match
the value in the Programmer Status dialog (Watch Dog Timer, Oscillator, etc.).
Figure 5.10 Blank Check OTP Dialog
DS51028A - page 28
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Chapter 5. PICSTART Plus Menu Options
Display Error Log
When you have programmed a device or verified a device, an error window
will show you data from memory in the device that do not match the
corresponding memory in the Program Memory window.
Figure 5.11 Display Error Log Dialog
Erase Program Memory
This will set all bits in the Program Memory window to ones. This option is not
available if you also have the PICMASTER emulator or MPLAB SIM enabled.
Use the Debug>ClearProgramMemory menu item to perform the same
function in these modes.
Erase Configuration Bits
This option will set all available configuration bits to ones, their unprogrammed state. If you then reload your hex file which has configuration
data or if you rebuild your project which has configuration bits defined, these
values will change in the Programmer Status dialog. You can use this to
override the values in your code by selecting this after you have loaded your
hex file or rebuilt your project.
Reset Programmer
This resets the PICSTART Plus hardware and re-establishes RS-232
communications. Use this if power has been disconnected from the
PICSTART Plus. This does not reset programming information in the Program
Manager window, configuration bits or IDs.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 29
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Options
Programmer Options
The Communications Port Setup Dialog shows the possible PC serial
communication ports.
Figure 5.12 Communications Port Setup Dialog
If the Auto-Display Program dialog checkbox is checked, the Program/Verify
dialog automatically pops up when the programmer is enabled.
OK sets the options. Cancel will ignore the changes and close the dialog.
DS51028A - page 30
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Chapter 6. Migrating from Other PICSTART Systems
If you have used previous Microchip PICSTART development systems,
you should find PICSTART Plus to be easy to use. Install MPLAB
as described in Chapter 2. “PICSTART Plus Installation.” If you already
have the serial cable installed, set the COM port from MPLAB’s
Options>PICSTARTPlusSetup>CommunicationsPortSetup menu.
Figure 6.1 Programmer Setup Dialog Box
MPLAB offers you new features, such as:
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
•
Disassembly of code read from target devices
•
Save code as instructions so that you can generate source files
•
Quickly program code from MPLAB projects
•
Directly read code from a device in PICSTART Plus to the MPLAB-SIM
simulator debugger, or to PICMASTER emulation memory for real-time
debugging
DS51028A - page 31
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A - page 32
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Appendix A. Troubleshooting Guide
PROBLEM
CAUSE
MPLAB displays this
message: "Program
memory contains code
protected data. Proceed
with programming?"
Program memory contains data that was read
from a code protected device. Most or all of
this data is not usable.
SOLUTION:
Obtain the original hex code from a file or a
non-protected device.
MPLAB displays this
MPLAB cannot communicate to the
message: "Failed to
PICSTART Plus.
Establish Communication"
SOLUTIONS:
1. Make sure that the RS-232 cable is
connected, the power supply is
connected, and the Power LED on the
PICSTART Plus is on.
2. Make sure that a COM port is properly
set up exclusively for use by PICSTART
Plus.
3. Reselect device on Programmer Status
window, or select Reset Programmer
from the PICSTART Plus menu.
Windows Users: A serial mouse will use a
COM port,as will an external modem will. An
internal modem has its own COM port, so if
you have a second COM port on your PC, set
it so it won’t conflict with either the mouse or
the modem.
Win 95 Users: Note that Win 95 requires
special attention to setting up COM ports.
Check your computer BIOS settings to make
sure that your board has an available COM
port. A serial mouse will use a COM port, and
an external modem will, too. An internal
modem has its own COM port, so if you have
a second COM port on your PC, set it so it
won’t conflict with either the mouse or the
modem. Check the Ports (COM & LPT) under
the System settings in the Control Panel.
Check their Properties>Resources to ensure
they are operating properly and that there are
no conflicts.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 33
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
PROBLEM (continued)
CAUSE (continued)
A Win 95 PC may have two COM ports, but
might only have installed the serial port for the
mouse. If you see in the System settings on
the Control Panel that you have only a single
COM port and you know that you have two,
use the “Add New Hardware” program on the
Control Panel to tell Win 95 that you have
another COM port.
MPLAB displays this
message: "Hex file not
found"
The project did not generate a hex file.
When reading a device
MPLAB gives the following
warning message:"Device
is code protected. Program
memory may be invalid."
If you read a code protected device you will
get this warning.
When trying to enable the
PICSTART Plus with
MPLAB this message
appears: "Incompatible
Software and Firmware
Versions"
The versions of software are mixed. Make
sure to get the latest versions for both MPLAB
and PICSTART Plus software.
LED's flicker or power LED
does not come on.
1. Wrong part selected and thermal fuse is
blown.
SOLUTION:
Check the Make Project panel on MPLAB to
ensure that a hex file is being generated when
you assemble or compile.
SOLUTION:
You cannot read the data from a code
protected part.
2. Device inserted wrong and thermal fuse
is blown
SOLUTION:
Remove the device and cycle power on the
Picstart plus to reset the internal thermal fuse.
Power LED does not light
1. Incompatible power supply
2. Power supply polarity is reversed.
SOLUTION:
Use the power supply included with the
PICSTART Plus. If the unit still does not turn
on, contact Microchip support.
DS51028A - page 34
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Appendix B. On Line Support
Introduction
Microchip provides two methods of on-line support. These are the Microchip
BBS and the Microchip World Wide Web (WWW) site.
Use Microchip’s Bulletin Board Service (BBS) to get current information and
help about Microchip products. Microchip provides the BBS communication
channel for you to use in extending your technical staff with microcontroller
and memory experts.
To provide you with the most responsive service possible, the Microchip
systems team monitors the BBS, posts the latest component data and
software tool updates, provides technical help and embedded systems
insights, and discusses how Microchip products provide project solutions.
The web site, like the BBS, is used by Microchip as a means to make files and
information easily available to customers. To view the site, the user must have
access to the Internet and a web browser, such as Netscape or Microsoft
Explorer. Files are also available for FTP download from our FTP site.
Connecting to the Microchip Internet Web Site
The Microchip web site is available by using your favorite Internet browser to
attach to:
www.microchip.com
The file transfer site is available by using an FTP service to connect to:
ftp.mchip.com/biz/mchip
The web site and file transfer site provide a variety of services. Users may
download files for the latest Development Tools, Datasheets, Application
Notes, User’s Guides, Articles and Sample Programs.
A variety of Microchip specific business information is also available, including
listings of Microchip sales offices, distributors and factory representatives.
Other data available for consideration is:
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
•
Latest Microchip Press Releases
•
Technical Support Section with Frequently Asked Questions
•
Design Tips
•
Device Errata
•
Job Postings
•
Microchip Consultant Program Member Listing
•
Links to other useful web sites related to Microchip Products
DS51028A - page 35
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Connecting to the Microchip BBS
Connect worldwide to the Microchip BBS using either the Internet or the
CompuServe communications network.
Internet:
You can telnet or ftp to the Microchip BBS at the address
mchipbbs.microchip.com
CompuServe Communications Network: In most cases, a local call is your
only expense. The Microchip BBS connection does not use
CompuServe membership services, therefore
You do not need CompuServe membership to join Microchip’s BBS.
There is no charge for connecting to the BBS, except for a toll charge to the
CompuServe access number, where applicable. You do not need to be a
CompuServe member to take advantage of this connection (you never
actually log in to CompuServe).
The procedure to connect will vary slightly from country to country. Please
check with your local CompuServe agent for details if you have a problem.
CompuServe service allow multiple users at baud rates up to 14400 bps.
The following connect procedure applies in most locations.
1. Set your modem to 8-bit, No parity, and One stop (8N1). This is not the
normal CompuServe setting which is 7E1.
2. Dial your local CompuServe access number.
3. Depress <Enter↵> and a garbage string will appear because
CompuServe is expecting a 7E1 setting.
4. Type +, depress <Enter↵> and Host Name: will appear.
5. Type MCHIPBBS, depress <Enter↵> and you will be connected to the
Microchip BBS.
In the United States, to find the CompuServe phone number closest to you,
set your modem to 7E1 and dial (800) 848-4480 for 300-2400 baud or
(800) 331-7166 for 9600-14400 baud connection. After the system responds
with Host Name:, type NETWORK, depress <Enter↵> and follow
CompuServe’s directions.
For voice information (or calling from overseas), you may call (614) 723-1550
for your local CompuServe number.
Using the Bulletin Board
The bulletin board is a multifaceted tool. It can provide you with information on
a number of different topics.
DS51028A - page 36
•
Special Interest Groups
•
Files
•
Mail
•
Bug Lists
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Appendix B. On Line Support
Special Interest Groups
Special Interest Groups, or SIGs as they are commonly referred to, provide
you with the opportunity to discuss issues and topics of interest with others
that share your interest or questions. SIGs may provide you with information
not available by any other method because of the broad background of the
PIC16/17 user community.
There are SIGs for most Microchip systems, including:
•
MPASM
•
TrueGauge
•
•
•
•
PRO MATE
PICSTART
Utilities
Bugs
•
•
•
•
fuzzyTECH-MP
ASSP
MTE1122
MPLAB
These groups are monitored by the Microchip staff.
Files
Microchip regularly uses the Microchip BBS to distribute technical
information, application notes, source code, errata sheets, bug reports, and
interim patches for Microchip systems software products. Users can
contribute files for distribution on the BBS. For each SIG, a moderator
monitors, scans, and approves or disapproves files submitted to the SIG. No
executable files are accepted from the user community in general to limit the
spread of computer viruses.
Mail
The BBS can be used to distribute mail to other users of the service. This is
one way to get answers to your questions and problems from the Microchip
staff, as well as keeping in touch with fellow Microchip users worldwide.
Consider mailing the moderator of your SIG, or the SYSOP, if you have ideas
or questions about Microchip products, or the operation of the BBS.
Software Releases
Software products released by Microchip are referred to by version numbers.
Version numbers use the form:
xx.yy.zz
Where xx is the major release number, yy is the minor number, and zz is the
intermediate number.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 37
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Intermediate Release
Intermediate released software represents changes to a released software
system and is designated as such by adding an intermediate number to the
version number. Intermediate changes are represented by:
•
Bug Fixes
•
Special Releases
•
Feature Experiments
Intermediate released software does not represent our most tested and stable
software. Typically, it will not have been subject to a thorough and rigorous
test suite, unlike production released versions. Therefore, users should use
these versions with care, and only in cases where the features provided by an
intermediate release are required.
Intermediate releases are primarily available through the BBS.
Production Release
Production released software is software shipped with tool products. Example
products are PRO MATE, PICSTART, and PICMASTER. The Major number is
advanced when significant feature enhancements are made to the product.
The minor version number is advanced for maintenance fixes and minor
enhancements. Production released software represents Microchip’s most
stable and thoroughly tested software.
There will always be a period of time when the Production Released software
is not reflected by products being shipped until stocks are rotated. You should
always check the BBS or the WWW for the current production release.
Systems Information and Upgrade Hot Line
The Systems Information and Upgrade Line provides system users a listing
of the latest versions of all of Microchip’s development systems software
products. Plus, this line provides information on how customers can
receive any currently available upgrade kits. The Hot Line Numbers are:
1-800-755-2345 for U.S. and most of Canada, and 1-602-786-7302 for the
rest of the world.
These phone numbers are also listed on the “Important Information” sheet
that is shipped with all development systems. The hot line message is
updated whenever a new software version is added to the Microchip BBS, or
when a new upgrade kit becomes available.
DS51028A - page 38
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Appendix C. Connecting to a 25-Pin Serial Port
The following table gives the data for connecting the PICSTART Plus
programmer to a 25-pin serial port. Connect the corresponding terminals
indicated on each line of the table.
Table A.1
PC Host to PICSTART Plus Signals
25-pin (PC-Host)
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
9-pin (PICSTART Plus)
2
TX
3
RX
3
RX
3
RX
20
DTR
4
Data Ready
7
Common
5
Common
6
DSR
6
+5 volts
4
RTS
7
CTS
5
CTS
8
RTS
DS51028A - page 39
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A - page 40
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Glossary
Introduction
To provide a common frame of reference, this Glossary defines the terms that
follow.
PICSTART Plus Terms
Application
A set of software and hardware developed by the user, usually designed to be
a product controlled by a PIC16/17 microcontroller.
Assembler Source Code
A text file that is processed by an assembler to produce a one-to-one
correspondence between assembler instructions and PIC16/17 machine
code.
Asynchronous Stimulus
Data generated in real-time by the user to simulate external inputs to the
simulator.
Breakpoint
An address where real-time execution of the firmware loaded in program
memory will halt.
Build
A function that recompiles all the source files for an application.
C Code
A program written in the high level language called “C,” and which will be
converted into PIC16/17 machine code.
Caution
An alert that is provided to warn you of a situation that would cause physical
damage to a device, software file, or equipment.
Compile
To translate a user’s “C” source text code into machine code.
Configuration Bits
Unique bits programmed to set modes of operation. A configuration bit may or
may not be preprogrammed.
Data RAM
General purpose file registers from RAM on the PIC16/17 device being
emulated. The File Register window displays data RAM.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 41
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DDE
See Dynamic Data Exchange.
Dynamic Data Exchange
The message protocol in Microsoft Windows that transfers information in realtime between windows applications. MPLAB acts as a DDE client that can
transmit data to requesting applications, but cannot receive data from other
applications.
EEPROM
Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory.
Emulation
The process of executing software loaded in the PICMASTER program
memory on the emulator probe as if the firmware resided on the
microcontroller device under development.
Emulation Memory
Program memory contained within the emulator.
Emulator
Hardware that performs emulation. See Emulation.
Emulator System
The Microchip Emulator System includes the PICMASTER Pod, the PC
Interface Card, a Probe Kit, PRO MATE Device Programmer, Demonstration
Board, Socket Module and the MPLAB Software.
Export
Send data out of MPLAB in a standardized format.
Extended Microcontroller Mode (PIC17CXX Devices Only)
In extended microcontroller mode, on-chip program memory as well as
external memory is available. Execution automatically switches to external if
the program memory address is greater than the internal memory space of
the PIC17CXX device. Inaccessible memory in extended microcontroller
mode includes fuses, test memory, and boot memory.
External RAM
Off-chip Read/Write memory.
File Registers
On-chip general purpose and special function registers.
Halt
The command that stops the emulator. Executing Halt is the same as stopping
at a breakpoint. The program counter stops, and the user can inspect and
change register values, and single step through code.
Hex Code
A file of executable instructions assembled or compiled from source code into
standard hex format code. Hex code can be directly converted to object code.
DS51028A - page 42
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
High Level Language
A language for writing programs that is of a higher level of abstraction from the
processor than assembler code. High level languages employ a compiler to
translate statements into machine instructions that the target processor can
execute.
IDE
Integrated Development Environment. An application that has multiple
functions for software development. The MPLAB IDE integrates a compiler, an
assembler, a project manager, an editor, a debugger, simulator, and an
assortment of other tools within one Windows 3.1 application. A user
developing an application should be able to write code, compile, debug and
test an application without leaving the MPLAB desktop.
Import
Bring data into the MPLAB Integrated Development Environment (IDE) from
an outside source
Logic Probes
Up to fourteen logic probes connect to the Emulator. The logic probes provide
external trace inputs, external trace halt signal, trigger output signal, external
break input signal, trace buffer clock, +5V, and a common ground.
Make Project
A command that rebuilds an application, re-compiling only those source files
that have changed since the last complete compilation.
Microcontroller Mode
One of the possible program memory configurations of the PIC17CXX family
of microcontrollers. In microcontroller mode, only internal execution is
allowed. Thus, only the on-chip program memory is available in
microcontroller mode. Accessible memory includes: program memory, fuses,
test memory, and boot memory (FE00h to FFFFh).
Microprocessor Mode
One of the possible program memory configurations of the PIC17CXX family
of microcontrollers. In microprocessor mode, the on-chip program memory is
not used. The entire 64K program memory is mapped externally. Inaccessible
memory in microprocessor mode includes fuses, test memory, and boot
memory.
MPLAB Software
The name of the main executable program that supports the IDE with an
Editor, Project Manager, and Emulator/Simulator Debugger. The MPLAB
Software resides on the PC host. The executable file name is MPLAB.EXE.
MPLAB.EXE calls many other files.
MRU
Most Recently Used. Refers to files and windows available to be selected
from MPLAB main pull down menus.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 43
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Object code
The machine code that is produced from the source code after it is processed
by an assembler or compiler. This code will be-the memory-resident code that
will run on the PIC16/17 in the user’s application.
Off-Chip Memory
Off-chip memory refers to the memory selection option for the PIC17CXX
device where memory may reside on the target board, or where all program
memory may be supplied by the Emulator. Options > Processor Setup >
Hardware provides the Off-Chip Memory selection dialog box.
Pass Counter
A counter that decrements each time an event (such as the execution of an
instruction at a particular address) occurs. When the pass count value
reaches zero, MPLAB halts the processor. You can assign the Pass Counter
to either break logic or to trace logic.
PC
Any IBM or compatible Personal Computer. MPLAB needs a 386X or better
machine.
PC Host
The computer running Windows 3.x.
PC Interface Card
A Microchip proprietary parallel interface card allowing the MPLAB software
residing on the PC to communicate with the PICMASTER emulator.
PIC16/17
PIC16/17 refers to the PIC16C5X, PIC16CXX, and PIC17CXX Microchip
microcontroller families.
PICMASTER
The hardware unit that provides tools for emulating and debugging firmware
applications and is also referred to as the Emulator, and PICMASTER. This
unit contains Emulation memory, breakpoint logic, counters, timers, and a
trace analyzer among some of its tools.
Pod
The external emulator box that contains emulation memory, trace memory,
event and cycle timers, and trace/breakpoint logic. Occasionally used as an
abbreviated name for the PICMASTER Universal In-Circuit Emulator.
Power on Reset Emulation
A software randomization process that writes random values in data RAM
areas to simulate uninitialized values in RAM upon initial power application.
DS51028A - page 44
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Probe
A device specific interface between the simulator and the target application.
The probe connects to the emulator via a ribbon cable, and the target
application board connects to the probe via a ribbon cable. The probe is
sometimes called the header board.
Program Counter
A register that specifies the current execution address.
Program Memory
Memory in the emulator containing the downloaded target application
firmware.
Project
A set of source files to build the object code for an application.
Prototype System
A term referring to a user's target application, or target board.
Radix
The number base, hex, or decimal, used in selecting an address and for
entering data in the Window > Modify command.
Run
The command that releases the emulator from halt, allowing it to run the
application code and change or respond to I/O in real time.
SFR
Special Function Registers.
Simulator
A software program that models the operation of the PIC16/17
microprocessor.
Simulator Stimulus
Data generated to exercise the response of simulation to external signals.
Often the data is put into the form of a list of actions in a text file.
Single Step
This command steps though code, one instruction at a time. After each
instruction, MPLAB updates register windows, watch variables, and status
displays so you can analyze and debug instruction execution.
You can also single step C compiler source code, but instead of executing
single instructions, MPLAB will execute all assembly level instructions
generated by the line of the high level C statement.
Source
Source code, usually a text file of assembly instructions or C code.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 45
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Special Function Registers
Registers that control I/O processor functions, I/O status, timers, or other
modes or peripherals.
Stack
“Push-Down” list of calling routines. Each time a PIC16/17 microcontroller
executes a call, the software pushes the return address to the stack. A RET or
RETLW command pops the address from the stack.
Static RAM, or SRAM
Static Random Access Memory. Program memory you can Read/Write on the
target board that does not need refreshing frequently.
Step-Into
This command is the same as Single Step. Step-Into (as opposed to StepOver) follows a CALL instruction into a subroutine.
Step-Over
Step-Over allows you to debug code without stepping into subroutines. When
stepping over a CALL instruction, the next breakpoint will be set at the
instruction after the CALL. If for some reason, the subroutine gets into an
endless loop or does not return properly, the next breakpoint will never be
reached.
The Step-Over command is similar to Single Step except for its handling of
CALL instructions.
Stopwatch
A 48-bit counter for measuring execution cycles.
Symbol
An label usually produced by an assembler or compiler that refers to machine
locations by function names, variable locations, constant declarations, source
line-number, or other reference to user source code.
System Button
The System Button is located in the upper left corner of Windows and some
dialogs. This button usually has “Minimize”, “Maximize”, and “Close.” In some
MPLAB windows, additional modes or functions can be found under the
System Button.
Target
Refers to a user application.
Target Application
Firmware residing on the target board.
Target Board
The circuitry and programmable device that makes up the target application.
DS51028A - page 46
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Target Processor
The microcontroller device on the target application board that is being
emulated or simulated.
Template
Lines of text that you build for inserting into your files at a later time. The
MPLAB Editor stores templates in template files.
Tool Bar
A row or column of icons that you can click on to execute MPLAB functions.
Trace
An emulator or simulator function that logs program execution in real-time.
Trigger Output
Trigger output refers to an output signal that can be generated at any address
or address range, and is independent of the trace, arm, and breakpoint
settings. Any number of trigger output points can be set. The trigger output
signal is available on logic probe pin 13 (white probe tip).
Watch Dog Timer
A timer on a PIC16/17 microcontroller that resets the processor after a
selectable length of time.
Watch Variable
A variable that you may monitor during a debugging session. Watch windows
contain a list of watch variables that are updated at each breakpoint.
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 47
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A - page 48
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
Index
Symbols
H
R
__CONFIG ..................................11
__IDLOCS ...................................11
Hardware, Installation ...................7
HEX files .............................. 11, 15
B
I
Read Device dialog .............. 14, 26
Reading a Device ........... 13, 21, 26
RS-232 ......................................... 7
BBS ...............................................5
application notes ..................37
bug reports ...........................37
Connecting to .......................36
errata sheets ........................37
Software Releases ...............37
source code .........................37
Special Interest Groups .......37
Systems Information and Upgrade Hot Line .......38
Using the ..............................36
Blank Check ................... 13, 19, 28
Blank Check OTP parts ........ 20, 28
Brown Out Detect ........................11
ID ................................................11
setting in source code ..........11
setting manually ...................11
Installation
Hardware ...............................7
Software .................................8
Internet
Connecting to Microchip
web site .................35
Serial Port .............................. 8, 39
Software Releases ..................... 37
Intermediate Release .......... 38
Production Release ............. 38
Software, Installation .................... 8
Support
Customer .............................. 5
M
Verify .......................................... 13
C
CE .................................................1
Checksum ...................................11
Code Protect bits .........................11
Code protected parts ..................21
Communications port set up 7, 8, 30
Configuration Bits
current setting ......................12
default ..................................11
Erase ...................................29
setting in source code ..........11
setting manually ...................11
Customer Support .........................5
D
Development Mode, MPLAB .......24
Disable Programmer ............ 10, 23
E
Edit ID .........................................11
Editor, MPLAB .............................24
Emulator ......................................27
Enable Programmer ............. 10, 23
Erase Buffer ................................29
Error Log .....................................29
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
Memory
Loading in MPLAB Projects .18
Mode
Processor .............................11
Modem ..........................................7
MPASM .......................................15
MPLAB ............................... 1, 3, 23
configuring for
PICSTART Plus .......8
MPLAB-SIM ................................14
S
V
W
Warranty ....................................... 5
Watch Dog Timer ....................... 11
WDT ........................................... 11
Web Site
connecting to ....................... 35
file transfer .......................... 35
Windows ....................................... 1
World Wide Web .......................... 5
O
Oscillator .....................................11
P
Power Supply ................................7
Power Up Timer ..........................11
Program ......................................14
Program Memory
Debug considerations ..........14
Edit .......................................14
PICMASTER ........................14
PICSTART Plus ...................14
Simulator ..............................14
Program Memory Window ..........14
Program Status dialog ......... 11, 12
Program/Verify dialog .......... 12, 24
Programmer Menu ......................10
Project, MPLAB ...........................18
DS51028A - page 49
PICSTART Plus USER’S GUIDE
DS51028A - page 50
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
INDEX
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
DS51028A - page 51
PICSTART Plus
®
DEVELOPMENT SYSTEM
®
WORLDWIDE SALES & SERVICE
AMERICAS
AMERICAS (continued)
EUROPE
Corporate Office
Microchip Technology Inc.
2355 West Chandler Blvd.
Chandler, AZ 85224-6199
Tel: 602 786-7200 Fax: 602 786-7277
Technical Support: 602 786-7627
Web: http://www.microchip.com
New York
Microchip Technology Inc.
150 Motor Parkway, Suite 416
Hauppauge, NY 11788
Tel: 516 273-5305
Fax: 516 273-5335
United Kingdom
Arizona Microchip Technology Ltd.
Unit 6, The Courtyard
Meadow Bank, Furlong Road
Bourne End, Buckinghamshire SL8 5AJ
Tel: 44 1 628 850303 Fax: 44 1 628 850178
Atlanta
Microchip Technology Inc.
500 Sugar Mill Road, Suite 200B
Atlanta, GA 30350
Tel: 770 640-0034
Fax: 770 640-0307
San Jose
Microchip Technology Inc.
2107 North First Street, Suite 590
San Jose, CA 95131
Tel: 408 436-7950
Fax: 408 436-7955
CANADA
France
Arizona Microchip Technology SARL
Zone Industrielle de la Bonde
2 Rue du Buisson aux Fraises
91300 Massy - France
Tel: 33 1 69 53 63 20 Fax: 33 1 69 30 90 79
Boston
Microchip Technology Inc.
5 Mount Royal Avenue
Marlborough, MA 01752
Tel: 508 480-9990
Fax: 508 480-8575
Microchip Technology Inc.
5925 Airport Road, Suite 200
Mississauga, Ontario L4V 1W1, Canada
Tel: 905 405-6279
Fax: 905 405-6253
Germany
Arizona Microchip Technology GmbH
Gustav-Heinemann-Ring 125
D-81739 Muenchen, Germany
Tel: 49 89 627 144 0 Fax: 49 89 627 144 44
Chicago
Microchip Technology Inc.
333 Pierce Road, Suite 180
Itasca, IL 60143
Tel: 708 285-0071
Fax: 708 285-0075
ASIA/PACIFIC
Italy
Arizona Microchip Technology SRL
Centro Direzionale Colleoni
Palazzo Taurus 1
V. Le Colleoni 1
20041 Agrate Brianza, Milan Italy
Tel: 39 39 689 9939
Fax: 39 39 689 9883
Dallas
Microchip Technology Inc.
14651 Dallas Parkway, Suite 816
Dallas, TX 75240-8809
Tel: 214 991-7177
Fax: 214 991-8588
Dayton
Microchip Technology Inc.
Suite 150
Two Prestige Place
Miamisburg, OH 45342
Tel: 513 291-1654
Fax: 513 291-9175
Los Angeles
Microchip Technology Inc.
18201 Von Karman, Suite 1090
Irvine, CA 92715
Tel: 714 263-1888
Fax: 714 263-1338
Hong Kong
Microchip Technology
Unit No. 3002-3004, Tower 1
Metroplaza
223 Hing Fong Road
Kwai Fong, N.T. Hong Kong
Tel: 852 2 401 1200 Fax: 852 2 401 3431
Korea
Microchip Technology
168-1, Youngbo Bldg. 3 Floor
Samsung-Dong, Kangnam-Ku,
Seoul, Korea
Tel: 82 2 554 7200
Fax: 82 2 558 5934
Singapore
Microchip Technology
200 Middle Road
#10-03 Prime Centre
Singapore 188980
Tel: 65 334 8870
JAPAN
Microchip Technology Intl. Inc.
Benex S-1 6F
3-18-20, Shin Yokohama
Kohoku-Ku, Yokohama
Kanagawa 222 Japan
Tel: 81 45 471 6166
Fax: 81 45 471 6122
4/16/96
Fax: 65 334 8850
Taiwan
Microchip Technology
10F-1C 207
Tung Hua North Road
Taipei, Taiwan, ROC
Tel: 886 2 717 7175 Fax: 886 2 545 0139
All rights reserved.  1996, Microchip Technology Incorporated, USA.
Information contained in this publication regarding device applications and the like is intended through suggestion only and may be superseded by updates. No representation or warranty
is given and no liability is assumed by Microchip Technology Incorporated with respect to the accuracy or use of such information, or infringement of patents or other intellectual property
rights arising from such use or otherwise. Use of Microchip’s products as critical components in life support systems is not authorized except with express written approval by Microchip.
No licenses are conveyed, implicitly or otherwise, under any intellectual property rights. The Microchip logo and name are registered trademarks of Microchip Technology Inc. in the U.S.A.
and other countries. All rights reserved. All other trademarks mentioned herein are the property of their respective companies.
DS51028A - page 52
 1996 Microchip Technology Inc.
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